Yamaha | F30C | Owner`s manual | Yamaha F30C Owner`s manual

READ THIS MANUAL CAREFULLY!
It contains important safety information.
OWNER’S MANUAL
YFM400FV
WARNING
LIT-11626-19-08
This ATV should not be ridden by anyone under 16 years of age.
5FU-F8199-16
EBU00776
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EBU00941
INTRODUCTION
1-
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha YFM400F. It represents the result of many
years of Yamaha experience in the production of fine sporting, touring, and pace-setting racing
machines. With the purchase of this Yamaha, you can now appreciate the high degree of craftsmanship and reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will provide you with a good basic understanding of the features and operation of this
ATV. This manual includes important safety information. It provides information about
special techniques and skills necessary to ride your ATV. It also includes basic maintenance
and inspection procedures. If you have any questions regarding the operation or maintenance of
your ATV, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
AN IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGE:
● READ THIS MANUAL TOGETHER WITH TIPS FOR THE ATV RIDER CAREFULLY AND
COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING YOUR ATV. MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND ALL
INSTRUCTIONS.
● PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THE WARNING AND CAUTION LABELS ON THE ATV.
● NEVER OPERATE AN ATV WITHOUT PROPER TRAINING OR INSTRUCTION. FREE
TRAINING IS AVAILABLE TO ANYONE WHO BUYS A NEW ATV. CALL 1-800-887-2887
FOR MORE INFORMATION.
● THIS ATV, AND ANY OTHER ATV OVER 90cc, SHOULD NOT BE RIDDEN BY ANYONE
UNDER 16 YEARS OF AGE.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
1-
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE WARNINGS CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL CAN RESULT IN
SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
WARNING
CAUTION:
NOTE:
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe
injury or death to the machine operator, a bystander or a person
inspecting or repairing the machine.
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to
avoid damage to the machine.
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
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EBU15000
IMPORTANT NOTICE
2-
This ATV is designed and manufactured for OFF-ROAD use only. It is illegal and unsafe to operate this ATV on any public street, road or highway.
This ATV complies with all applicable OFF-ROAD noise level and spark arrester laws and regulations in effect at the time of manufacture.
Please check your local riding laws and regulations before operating this ATV.
EBU01067
AFFIX DEALER
LABEL HERE
YFM400FV
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2005 by Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A.
1st edition, February 2005
All rights reserved. Any reprinting or
unauthorized use without the written
permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A. is expressly prohibited.
Printed in U.S.A.
P/N LIT-11626-19-08
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EBU00014
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
CONTENTS
1
LOCATION OF THE WARNING
AND SPECIFICATION LABELS....... 1-1
2
SAFETY INFORMATION.................. 2-1
3
DESCRIPTION AND MACHINE
IDENTIFICATION ............................. 3-1
Identification number records.......... 3-2
Key identification number................ 3-2
Vehicle identification number .......... 3-3
Model label ...................................... 3-3
4
CONTROL FUNCTIONS...................4-1
Main switch ......................................4-1
Indicator and warning lights .............4-2
Speedometer ...................................4-4
Fuel gauge .......................................4-4
Handlebar switches .........................4-5
Throttle lever ....................................4-7
Speed limiter ....................................4-8
Front brake lever..............................4-9
Brake pedal and rear brake
lever ...............................................4-9
Parking brake.................................4-10
Shift pedal ......................................4-11
Reverse knob.................................4-11
Recoil starter..................................4-12
Fuel tank cap .................................4-13
Fuel cock........................................4-13
Starter (choke) ...............................4-14
Seat................................................4-15
Storage box....................................4-16
Front carrier ...................................4-16
Rear carrier ....................................4-16
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Front shock absorber
adjustment................................... 4-17
Rear shock absorber
adjustment................................... 4-18
Auxiliary DC jack........................... 4-19
5
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ........... 5-1
Front and rear brakes ..................... 5-3
Fuel ................................................. 5-5
Engine oil ........................................ 5-7
Final gear oil.................................... 5-7
Differential gear oil .......................... 5-8
Throttle lever ................................... 5-8
Fittings and fasteners...................... 5-8
Lights............................................... 5-8
Switches.......................................... 5-8
Tires ................................................ 5-9
How to measure tire pressure....... 5-11
Tire wear limit................................ 5-12
6
OPERATION ..................................... 6-1
Starting a cold engine...................... 6-1
Starting a warm engine ................... 6-3
Warming up ..................................... 6-3
Reverse knob operation and
reverse driving ............................... 6-4
Shifting............................................. 6-5
To start out and accelerate.............. 6-5
To decelerate................................... 6-6
Engine break-in ............................... 6-7
Parking............................................. 6-8
Parking on a slope........................... 6-9
Accessories and loading ............... 6-10
7
RIDING YOUR ATV .......................... 7-1
Getting to know your ATV ............... 7-3
Ride with care and good
judgement...................................... 7-4
Be careful where you ride.............. 7-16
Turning your ATV .......................... 7-23
Climbing uphill ............................... 7-25
Riding downhill .............................. 7-30
Crossing a slope............................ 7-32
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Crossing through shallow water.... 7-34
Riding over rough terrain............... 7-36
Sliding and skidding ...................... 7-38
What to do if .................................. 7-40
What to do ..................................... 7-40
8
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT.................................. 8-1
Owner’s manual and tool kit............ 8-1
Periodic maintenance chart for
the emission control system.......... 8-3
General maintenance and
lubrication chart ............................. 8-4
Engine oil and oil filter element ....... 8-6
Final gear oil .................................. 8-11
Differential gear oil......................... 8-14
Axle boots...................................... 8-16
Spark plug inspection.................... 8-17
Air filter element cleaning.............. 8-18
Spark arrester cleaning ................. 8-21
Carburetor adjustment................... 8-22
Idle speed adjustment ................... 8-23
Valve clearance adjustment .......... 8-24
Reverse lock release cable
adjustment ...................................8-24
Throttle lever adjustment ...............8-24
Front brake pad check ...................8-25
Rear brake shoe inspection...........8-25
Brake fluid level check ...................8-26
Brake fluid replacement .................8-27
Front brake lever free play.............8-28
Brake pedal and rear brake lever
adjustment ...................................8-29
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch ...........................................8-32
Clutch adjustment ..........................8-33
Cable inspection and lubrication....8-34
Brake and shift pedal/
brake lever lubrication..................8-34
Wheel removal...............................8-35
Wheel installation...........................8-35
Battery............................................8-37
Battery maintenance......................8-38
Fuse replacement ..........................8-39
Replacing a headlight bulb ............8-41
Headlight beam adjustment...........8-44
EETOC.fm Page 4 Monday, April 4, 2005 8:47 AM
Tail/brake light bulb
replacement ................................ 8-44
Troubleshooting ............................ 8-46
Troubleshooting chart ................... 8-47
9
CLEANING AND STORAGE............ 9-1
A. Cleaning...................................... 9-1
B. Storage ....................................... 9-3
10
SPECIFICATIONS.......................... 10-1
11
NOISE REGULATION.................... 11-1
12
MAINTENANCE RECORD ............ 12-1
13
ATV LIMITED WARRANTY............ 13-1
14
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE
(Y.E.S.) ........................................... 14-1
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EBU00464
LOCATION OF THE WARNING AND
SPECIFICATION LABELS
1-1
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Read and understand all of the labels on your
machine. They contain important information
for safe and proper operation of your ATV.
1
2
3
Never remove any labels from your ATV. If a
label becomes difficult to read or comes off, a
replacement label is available from your
Yamaha dealer.
4
5
6
1
2
WARNING
O ve r l o a d i n g t h i s AT V o r c a r r y i n g c a r g o i m p r o p e r l y c a n c h a n g e
h a n d l i n g , s t a b i l i t y a n d b ra k i n g p e r fo r m a n c e a n d c a n l e a d t o a n
a c c i d e n t . N eve r ex c e e d t h e m a x i mu m f r o n t c a r g o l i m i t o f
: 40kg (88 lbs)
N E V E R s i t o n t h e c a r r i e r. R e fe r t o i n s t r u c t i o n s i n t h e O w n e r ' s
M a nu a l .
YAMAHA
7
8
9
10
5ND-F4877-00
11
12
13
14
1-2
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3
5
WARNING
MAXIMUM .LOADING LIMIT
O ve r l o a d i n g t h i s AT V o r c a r r y i n g c a r g o i m p r o p e r l y c a n c h a n g e
h a n d l i n g , s t a b i l i t y a n d b ra k i n g p e r fo r m a n c e a n d c a n l e a d t o a n
a c c i d e n t . N eve r ex c e e d t h e m a x i mu m r e a r c a r g o l i m i t o f
: 80kg (176 lbs)
N E V E R s i t o n t h e c a r r i e r. R e fe r t o i n s t r u c t i o n s i n t h e O w n e r ' s
M a nu a l .
YAMAHA
PULLING LOAD:
TONGUE WEIGHT:
5ND-F4897-00
4020
904
147
33
(410kgf)
N
lbf
( 15kgf)
N
lbf
5FU-F151K-00
4
1-3
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6
7
8
1-4
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SAFETY INFORMATION
AN ATV IS NOT A TOY AND CAN BE HAZARDOUS TO OPERATE.
An ATV handles differently from other vehicles including motorcycles and cars. A collision or rollover can occur quickly, even during routine maneuvers such as turning and riding on hills or over
obstacles, if you fail to take proper precautions.
SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH can result if you do not follow these instructions:
● Read this manual and all labels carefully and follow the operating procedures described.
● Never operate an ATV without proper training or instruction. Take a Training Course. Beginners should receive training from a certified instructor. Contact an authorized ATV dealer or call
1-800-887-2887 to find out about the training courses nearest you.
● Always follow the age recommendation:
– A child under 16 years old should never operate an ATV with engine size greater than 90cc.
● Never allow a child under age 16 to operate an ATV without adult supervision, and never allow
continued use of an ATV by a child if he or she does not have the abilities to operate it safely.
● Never carry a passenger on an ATV.
2-1
EE.book Page 2 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Always avoid operating an ATV on any paved surfaces, including sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and streets.
Never operate an ATV on any public street, road or highway, even a dirt or gravel one.
Never operate an ATV without wearing an approved motorcycle helmet that fits properly. You
should also wear eye protection (goggles or face shield), gloves, boots, a long-sleeved shirt or
jacket, and long pants.
Never consume alcohol or drugs before or while operating this ATV.
Never operate at speeds too fast for your skills or the conditions. Always go at a speed that is
proper for the terrain, visibility, operating conditions, and your experience.
Never attempt wheelies, jumps, or other stunts.
Always inspect your ATV each time you use it to make sure it is in safe operating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in this manual.
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footboards of the ATV during
operation.
Always go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain. Always be alert to
changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV.
Never operate on excessively rough, slippery or loose terrain until you have learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain. Always be especially cautious on
these kinds of terrain.
2-2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
EE.book Page 3 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
●
●
●
●
●
Always follow proper procedures for turning as described in this manual. Practice turning at low
speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not turn at excessive speed.
Never operate the ATV on hills too steep for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice on smaller
hills before attempting larger hills.
Always follow proper procedures for climbing hills as described in this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill. Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose
surfaces. Shift your weight forward. Never open the throttle suddenly or make sudden gear
changes. Never go over the top of a hill at high speed.
Always follow proper procedures for going down hills and for braking on hills as described in
this manual. Check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill. Shift your weight backward. Never go down a hill at high speed. Avoid going down a hill at an angle that would cause
the vehicle to lean sharply to one side. Go straight down the hill where possible.
Always follow proper procedures for crossing the side of a hill as described in this manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces. Shift your weight to the uphill side of the
ATV. Never attempt to turn the ATV around on any hill until you have mastered the turning
technique described in this manual on level ground. Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if
possible.
2-3
EE.book Page 4 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
●
●
●
●
●
Always use proper procedures if you stall or roll backwards when climbing a hill. To avoid stalling, use the proper gear and maintain a steady speed when climbing a hill. If you stall or roll
backwards, follow the special procedure for braking described in this manual. Dismount on the
uphill side or to a side if pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV around and remount, following the
procedure described in this manual.
Always check for obstacles before operating in a new area. Never attempt to operate over
large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees. Always follow proper procedures when operating over obstacles as described in this manual.
Always be careful when skidding or sliding. Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on level, smooth terrain. On extremely slippery surfaces, such as ice,
go slowly and be very cautious in order to reduce the chance of skidding or sliding out of control.
Never operate an ATV in fast flowing water or in water deeper than that recommended in this
manual. Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes after
leaving water. If necessary, apply them several times to let friction dry out the linings.
Always be sure there are no obstacles or people behind you when you operate in reverse.
When it is safe to proceed in reverse, go slowly.
2-4
EE.book Page 5 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
●
●
●
●
Always use the size and type of tires specified in this manual.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as described in this manual.
Never modify an ATV through improper installation or use of accessories.
Never exceed the stated load capacity for an ATV. Cargo should be properly distributed and
securely attached. Reduce speed and follow instructions in this manual for carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer. Allow greater distance for braking.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT ATV SAFETY, call the Consumer Products Safety Commission at 1-800-638-2772, or the ATV Distributor’s Safety Hotline at 1-800-852-5344.
2-5
EE.book Page 6 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
WARNING
When transporting the ATV in another
vehicle, be sure it is kept upright and
that the fuel cock is in the “OFF” position. Otherwise, fuel may leak out of the
carburetor or fuel tank.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Gasoline is poisonous and can cause
injuries.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
If you should swallow some gasoline or
inhale a lot of gasoline vapor, or get
some gasoline in your eyes, see your
doctor immediately. If gasoline spills on
your skin, wash with soap and water. If
gasoline spills on your clothing, change
your clothes.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper handling of gasoline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Gasoline can catch fire and you could
be burned.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always turn off the engine when refueling.
Do not refuel immediately after the engine has been running and is still very
hot.
Do not spill gasoline on the engine or
exhaust pipe/muffler when refueling.
Never refuel while smoking, or in the vicinity of sparks, open flames, or other
sources of ignition such as the pilot
lights of water heaters and clothes dryers.
2-6
EE.book Page 7 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Starting or running the engine in a
closed area.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Exhaust fumes are poisonous and may
cause loss of consciousness and death
within a short time.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always operate your ATV in an area with
adequate ventilation.
2-7
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EBU00032
DESCRIPTION AND MACHINE IDENTIFICATION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1. Spark arrester
2. Rear carrier
3. Seat
4. Auxiliary DC jack
5. Front carrier
6. Brake pedal
7. Headlights
8. Fuel cock
9. Recoil starter
10. Tail/brake light
11. Rear wheel
12. Shift pedal
13. Front wheel
14. Rear brake lever
15. Parking brake lock plate
16. Starter (choke)
17. Speedometer
18. Reverse knob
19. On-Command four-wheel
drive switch
20. Front brake lever
21. Throttle lever
22. Fuel gauge
23. Main switch
24. Left handlebar switches
NOTE:
The machine you have purchased may differ
slightly from those shown in the figures of this
manual.
3-1
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
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EBU00035
Identification number records
Record the key identification number, vehicle
identification number and model label information in the spaces provided for assistance
when ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is
stolen.
1. KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
Key identification number
The key identification number is stamped on
the key as shown in the following illustration.
This number can be used for ordering a new
key.
2. VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
1. Key identification number
3. MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
3-2
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EBU00036
EBU00787
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is stamped
into the frame.
Model label
The model label is affixed to the location in the
illustration. Record the information on this label in the space provided. This information will
be needed to order spare parts from your
Yamaha dealer.
1. Vehicle identification number
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is used to
identify your machine.
1. Model label
3-3
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EBU00039
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
EBU12490
Main switch
Functions of the respective switch positions
are as follows:
ON:
The engine can be started only at this position
and the headlights, taillight and meter lighting
come on when the light switch is on.
OFF:
All electrical circuits are switched off. The key
can be removed in this position.
4-1
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EBU00802
EBU01140
Indicator and warning lights
Oil temperature warning light “ ”
When the oil temperature reaches a specified
level, this light comes on to warn that the engine oil temperature is too hot. If the light
comes on during operation, stop the engine
as soon as it is safe to do so and allow the engine to cool down for about 10 minutes.
CAUTION:
1
2
3
4
5
_
●
1.
2.
3.
4.
●
Reverse indicator light “REVERSE”
Neutral indicator light “NEUTRAL”
Oil temperature warning light “ ”
Four-wheel-drive indicator light “ ”
The engine may overheat if the ATV is
overloaded. If this happens, reduce
the load to specification.
Restart after making sure that the light
is out. Continuous use while the light
is on may cause damage to the engine.
6
7
8
9
10
_
11
EBU00044
Reverse indicator light “REVERSE”
This indicator light comes on when the transmission is in reverse.
EBU00605
EBU00045
NOTE:
Due to the synchronizing mechanism in the
differential gear case, the light may not come
on until the ATV starts moving.
Neutral indicator light “NEUTRAL”
This indicator light comes on when the transmission is in neutral.
Four-wheel-drive indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the 2WD/
4WD switch is in the 4WD position.
4-2
12
13
14
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EBU00733
Oil temperature warning light checking method
ACB-10E
Turn the main switch to “ON” and the
engine stop switch to “
”.
Oil temperature warning
light does not come on.
Oil temperature warning
light comes on.
Push start switch with the
transmission in neutral.
Check engine oil temperature.
Oil temperature
warning light comes
on momentarily.
Oil temperature warning
light does not come on.
Oil temperature is low.
Oil temperature is high.
Allow to cool.
Engine oil temperature and
electrical circuit are OK. Go
ahead with riding.
Ask a Yamaha dealer to
inspect the electrical circuit.
4-3
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EBU00051
EBU00052
Speedometer
The speedometer shows riding speed. This
speedometer is equipped with an odometer
and trip odometer. The trip odometer can be
reset to “0” with the reset knob. Use the trip
odometer to estimate how far you can ride on
a tank of fuel before going to reserve. This information will enable you to plan fuel stops in
the future.
Fuel gauge
The fuel gauge indicates the amount of fuel in
the fuel tank. When the needle reaches the
red line, refill the tank at the first opportunity.
1. Fuel gauge
1.
2.
3.
4.
2. Red line
NOTE:
If the machine runs out of fuel, move the fuel
cock lever to the “RES” position. Approximately 4.0 L (0.88 Imp gal, 1.06 US gal) of fuel
will be remaining in the tank.
Reset knob
Speedometer
Odometer
Trip odometer
4-4
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EBU00053
EBU00607
Handlebar switches
Start switch “ ”
The starter motor cranks the engine when this
switch is pushed.
CAUTION:
_
See starting instructions prior to starting
the engine. (See page 6-1 for details.)
_
EBU12510
Light switch “
/
/OFF”
Set the switch to “
” to turn on the low
beams, the taillight and the meter lighting.
Set the switch to “
” to turn on the high
beams, the taillight and the meter lighting.
Set the switch to “OFF” to turn off all the lights.
1. Light switch “
/
/OFF”
2. Engine stop switch “
/
”
3. Start switch “
”
EBU12050
CAUTION:
Engine stop switch “
/ ”
Make sure that the engine stop switch is set to
“ ” before starting the engine. The engine
stop switch controls ignition and can be used
at all times to stop the engine, especially in an
emergency. The engine will not start or run
when the engine stop switch is set to “
”.
_
Do not use the headlights with the engine
turned off for more than thirty minutes.
The battery may discharge to the point
that the starter motor will not operate
properly. If this should happen, remove
the battery and recharge it.
_
4-5
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EBU00601
On-Command four-wheel drive switch
“2WD/4WD”
To change from two-wheel drive (2WD) to
four-wheel drive (4WD), stop the ATV and set
the switch to the 4WD position.
To change from four-wheel drive (4WD) to
two-wheel drive (2WD), stop the ATV and set
the switch to the 2WD position.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Changing from 2WD to 4WD or from
4WD to 2WD while the ATV is moving.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV handles differently in 2WD
than in 4WD in some circumstances.
Changing from 2WD to 4WD or from
4WD to 2WD while moving may cause
the ATV to unexpectedly handle differently. This could distract the operator
and increase the risk of losing control
and an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always stop the ATV before changing
from 2WD to 4WD or vice-versa.
1. On-Command four-wheel drive switch “2WD/4WD”
4-6
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EBU00062
Throttle lever
Once the engine is running, movement of the
throttle lever will increase the engine speed.
Regulate the speed of the machine by varying
the throttle position. Because the throttle is
spring-loaded, the machine will decelerate,
and the engine will return to an idle any time
the hand is removed from the throttle lever.
Before starting the engine, check the throttle
to be sure it is operating smoothly. Make sure
it returns to the idle position as soon as the lever is released.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Malfunction of throttle.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The throttle could be hard to operate,
making it difficult to speed up or slow
down when you need to. This could
cause an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Check the operation of the throttle lever
before you start the engine. If it does not
work smoothly, check for the cause.
Correct the problem before riding the
ATV. Consult a Yamaha dealer if you
can’t find or solve the problem yourself.
1. Throttle lever
4-7
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EBU11590
Speed limiter
The speed limiter keeps the throttle from fully
opening, even when the throttle lever is
pushed to the maximum. Turning in the adjusting screw limits the maximum engine power available and decreases the maximum
speed of the ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper adjustment of the speed limiter and throttle.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The throttle cable could be damaged.
Improper throttle operation could result.
You could lose control, have an accident or be injured.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not turn the adjusting screw out
more than 12 mm (0.47 in). Always make
sure the throttle lever free play is adjusted to 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in). See page
8-24.
1. Locknut
2. Adjusting screw
a. No more than 12 mm (0.47 in)
4-8
EE.book Page 9 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00070
Front brake lever
The front brake lever is located on the right
handlebar. Pull it toward the handlebar to apply the front brake.
1. Brake pedal
1. Front brake lever
EBU00732
Brake pedal and rear brake lever
The brake pedal is located on the right side of
the ATV and the rear brake lever is located on
the left handlebar. Push down on the pedal or
pull the lever toward the handlebar to apply
the rear brake.
1. Rear brake lever
4-9
EE.book Page 10 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00074
Parking brake
Use the parking brake when you have to start
the engine or park the machine, especially on
a slope. Apply the rear brake lever and push
down the lock plate to apply the parking
brake. Squeeze the rear brake lever to release the parking brake.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper use of the parking brake.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could start moving unexpectedly if the parking brake is not applied
before starting the engine. This could
cause loss of control or a collision. The
brake could overheat if you ride the ATV
without releasing the parking brake.
You could lose braking performance
which could cause an accident. You
could also wear out the brakes prematurely.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always set the parking brake before
starting the engine. Always be sure you
have released the parking brake before
you begin to ride.
1. Lock plate
4-10
EE.book Page 11 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00084
EBU01028
Shift pedal
This machine is equipped with a constantmesh 5-speed forward and 1-speed reverse
transmission. The shift pedal is located on the
left side of the engine. Reverse is at the bottom position. Neutral is one position above reverse.
Reverse knob “REV”
The reverse knob is used to shift into reverse
gear.
Refer to the “Reverse knob operation and reverse driving” section (page 6-4) before operating this machine in reverse gear.
1. Reverse knob “REV”
1. Shift pedal
N. Neutral position
R. Reverse position
4-11
EE.book Page 12 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00590
Recoil starter
Firmly grasp the handle and pull slightly until
engagement can be felt. Then pull forcefully,
being careful not to pull the rope all the way
out.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Starting the engine in gear and/or starting the engine without setting the parking brake.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could start to move unexpectedly, which could cause an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Put the transmission in neutral and set
the parking brake before starting the engine.
1. Recoil starter
4-12
EE.book Page 13 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00092
EBU00093
Fuel tank cap
Remove the fuel tank cap by turning it counterclockwise.
Fuel cock
The fuel cock supplies fuel from the fuel tank
to the carburetor.
The fuel cock has three positions.
OFF: With the lever in this position fuel will
not flow. Always turn the lever to this
position when the engine is not running.
ON: With the lever in this position, fuel flows
to the carburetor. Normal riding is done
with the lever in this position.
RES: This indicates reserve. If you run out of
fuel while riding, turn the lever to this
position. THEN FILL THE FUEL TANK
AT THE FIRST OPPORTUNITY. After
refuelling, return the fuel cock lever to
the “ON” position.
1. Fuel tank cap
4-13
EE.book Page 14 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00095
Starter (choke) “
”
Starting a cold engine requires a richer air-fuel
mixture. A separate starter circuit supplies this
mixture.
Move in direction a to turn on the starter
(choke).
Move in direction b to turn off the starter
(choke).
Refer to “Starting a cold engine” for proper operation. (See pages 6-1–6-3.)
1. Starter (choke) “
4-14
”
EE.book Page 15 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00567
Seat
To remove the seat, pull the seat lock lever
upward and pull up the seat at the rear.
1. Seat holder (× 2)
1. Seat lock lever
To install the seat, insert the projections on
the front of the seat into the seat holders and
push down on the seat at the rear.
NOTE:
Make sure that the seat is securely fitted.
4-15
2. Projection (× 2)
EE.book Page 16 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00581
EBU00582
Storage box
Front carrier
Maximum load limit: 2.0 kg (4.4 lb)
Maximum load limit: 40 kg (88 lb)
CAUTION:
EBU00583
To protect from damage, do not put metal
products, like tools or sharply edged products directly in the storage box. If they
must be stored, wrap them in appropriate
cushion material.
Rear carrier
Maximum load limit: 80 kg (176 lb)
4-16
EE.book Page 17 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU01104
Front shock absorber adjustment
The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the
rider’s weight and riding conditions.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction a.
To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction b.
Standard position: B
A - Minimum (soft)
E - Maximum (hard)
1. Special wrench
1. Spring preload adjusting ring
2. Position indicator
NOTE:
A special wrench can be obtained at a
Yamaha dealer to make this adjustment.
_
_
4-17
EE.book Page 18 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU01103
Rear shock absorber adjustment
The spring preload can be adjusted to suit the
rider’s weight and riding conditions.
Adjust the spring preload as follows:
To increase the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction a.
To decrease the spring preload, turn the adjusting ring in direction b.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper shock absorber adjustment.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Uneven adjustment can cause poor
handling and loss of stability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always adjust the shock absorbers on
the left and right side to the same setting.
1. Spring preload adjusting ring
2. Position indicator
NOTE:
A special wrench can be obtained at a
Yamaha dealer to make this adjustment.
_
_
4-18
EE.book Page 19 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU01002
Auxiliary DC jack
The auxiliary DC jack is located at the front
right side of the ATV. The auxiliary DC jack
can be used for suitable work lights, radios,
etc. The auxiliary DC jack should only be used
when the engine is running.
1. Set the light switch to “OFF”.
2. Start the engine. (See pages 6-1–6-3.)
3. Open the auxiliary DC jack cap, and then
insert the accessory power plug into the
jack.
Standard position: B
A - Minimum (soft)
E - Maximum (hard)
Maximum rated capacity for the auxiliary
DC jack:
DC 12 V, 120 W (10 A)
1. Special wrench
4. When the auxiliary DC jack is not being
used, cover it with the cap.
4-19
EE.book Page 20 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
CAUTION:
_
●
●
1. Auxiliary DC jack
2. Auxiliary DC jack cap
●
Do not use accessories requiring
more than the above maximum capacity. This may overload the circuit and
cause the fuse to blow.
If accessories are used without the
engine running or with the headlights
turned on, the battery will lose its
charge and engine starting may become difficult.
Do not use an automotive cigarette
lighter or other accessories with a
plug that gets hot because the jack
can be damaged.
_
EBU00112
WARNING
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
4-20
EE.book Page 1 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
Before using this machine, check the following points:
ITEM
ROUTINE
PAGE
Front brake
• Check operation, free play, fluid level and fluid leakage.
• Fill with DOT 4 brake fluid if necessary.
5-3–5-4,
8-25–8-28
Rear brake
• Check operation, condition and free play.
• Adjust if necessary.
Fuel
• Check fuel level.
• Fill with fuel if necessary.
Engine oil
• Check oil level.
• Fill with oil if necessary.
Final gear oil/
Differential gear oil
• Check for leakage.
Throttle
• Check for proper throttle cable operation and free play.
5-8, 8-24
Wheels and tires
• Check tire pressure, wear and damage.
5-9–5-12,
8-35–8-36
Fittings and fasteners
• Check all fittings and fasteners.
Lights and switches
• Check for proper operation.
Axle boots
• Check for damage.
5-3–5-4,
8-25, 8-29–8-31
5-5–5-6
5-7, 8-6–8-10
5-7–5-8,
8-11–8-16
5-8
5-8, 8-41–8-45
8-16
5-1
EE.book Page 2 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
WARNING
1
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV each time you
use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
5-2
EE.book Page 3 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU12521
Brake fluid leakage (front brake)
Check to see if any brake fluid is leaking out of
the hose, joint or brake fluid reservoir of the
front brake. Apply the brake firmly for one
minute. If the lever moves slowly inward,
there may be a leak in the brake system. If
there is any leakage, the brake system should
be inspected by a Yamaha dealer.
Front and rear brakes
Brake levers and brake pedal
● Check for correct free play in the front
brake lever. If the free play is incorrect,
have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
● Check for correct free play in the rear brake
lever and brake pedal. If the free play is incorrect, adjust it. (See pages 8-29–8-31.)
● Check operation of the levers and pedal.
They should move smoothly and there
should be a firm feeling when the brake is
applied. If not, have a Yamaha dealer inspect them.
Brake operation
Test the brakes at slow speed after starting
out to make sure they are working properly. If
the brakes do not provide proper braking performance, inspect the brake pads and shoes
for wear. (See page 8-25.)
Brake fluid level (front brake)
Check the brake fluid level. Add fluid if necessary. (See pages 8-26–8-27.)
Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
5-3
EE.book Page 4 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Riding with improperly operating
brakes.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could lose braking ability, which
could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always check the brakes at the start of
every ride. Do not ride the ATV if you
find any problem with the brakes. If a
problem cannot be corrected by the adjustment procedures provided in this
manual, have a Yamaha dealer check for
the cause.
5-4
EE.book Page 5 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU01085
Fuel
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in the
tank.
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to
use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump
octane number ([R+M]/2) of 86 or higher, or
research octane number of 91 or higher. If
knocking or pinging occurs, use a different
brand of gasoline or premium unleaded fuel.
Unleaded fuel will give you longer spark plug
life and reduced maintenance cost.
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
Total:
15.0 L (3.30 Imp gal, 3.96 US gal)
Reserve:
4.0 L (0.88 Imp gal, 1.06 US gal)
CAUTION:
_
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use of
leaded gasoline will cause severe damage
to internal engine parts, such as the valves
and piston rings, as well as to the exhaust
system.
_
5-5
EE.book Page 6 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol; gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol.
Gasohol containing ethanol can be used if
ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol containing methanol is not recommended
by Yamaha because it may cause fuel system
damage or vehicle performance problems.
1. Fuel level
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improper care when refueling.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Fuel can spill, which can cause a fire
and severe injury. Fuel expands when it
heats up. If the fuel tank is overfilled,
fuel could spill out due to heat from the
engine or the sun.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Be careful
not to spill fuel, especially on the engine
or exhaust pipe. Wipe up any spilled fuel
immediately. Be sure the fuel tank cap is
closed securely. Do not refuel right after
the engine has been running and is still
very hot.
2. Fuel tank filler tube
5-6
EE.book Page 7 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU10842
EBU00493
Engine oil
Make sure the engine oil is at the specified
level. Add oil as necessary. (See pages 8-6–
8-10.)
Final gear oil
Make sure the final gear oil is at the specified
level. Add oil as necessary. (See pages 8-11–
8-13 for details.)
CAUTION:
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
_
●
●
In order to prevent clutch slippage
(since the engine oil also lubricates
the clutch), do not mix any chemical
additives. Do not use oils with a diesel
specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In addition,
do not use oils labeled “ENERGY
CONSERVING II” or higher.
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
If desired, an SAE 80W90 hypoid gear oil may
be used for all conditions.
NOTE:
GL-4 is a quality and additive rating, GL-5 or
GL-6 rated hypoid gear oils may also be used.
_
Recommended engine oil type and
quantity:
See page 10-2.
5-7
EE.book Page 8 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00678
EBU10030
Differential gear oil
Make sure the differential gear oil is at the
specified level. Add oil as necessary. (See
pages 8-14–8-16 for details.)
Lights
Check the headlights and tail/brake light to
make sure they are in working condition. Repair as necessary for proper operation.
Recommended oil:
SAE 80 API GL-4 Hypoid gear oil
EBU11700
Switches
Check the operation of all switches. Have a
Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for proper
operation.
EBU01083
Throttle lever
Check to see that the throttle lever operates
correctly. It must open smoothly and spring
back to the idle position when released. Have
a Yamaha dealer repair as necessary for
proper operation.
EBU11620
Fittings and fasteners
Always check the tightness of chassis fittings
and fasteners before a ride. Take the machine
to a Yamaha dealer or refer to the Service
Manual for correct tightening torque.
5-8
EE.book Page 9 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00157
Tires
2. The tires should be set to the recommended pressure:
● Recommended tire pressure
Front 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi)
Rear 25 kPa (0.25 kgf/cm2, 3.6 psi)
● Check and adjust tire pressures when
the tires are cold.
● Tire pressures must be equal on both
sides.
3. Tire pressure below the minimum
specified could cause the tire to dislodge from the rim under severe
riding conditions.
The following are minimums:
Front 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi)
Rear 22 kPa (0.22 kgf/cm2, 3.2 psi)
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires,
or with improper or uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of
control, increasing your risk of accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
1. The tires listed below have been approved by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd. for
this model. Other tire combinations
are not recommended.
Manufacturer
Size
Type
Front
MAXXIS
AT25 × 8-12
C9221
Rear
MAXXIS
AT25 × 10-12
C9222
5-9
EE.book Page 10 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
4. Use no more than the following pressures when seating the tire beads.
Front 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)
Rear 250 kPa (2.5 kgf/cm2, 36 psi)
Higher pressures may cause the tire
to burst. Inflate the tires very slowly
and carefully. Fast inflation could
cause the tire to burst.
5-10
EE.book Page 11 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00159
How to measure tire pressure
Use the low-pressure tire gauge.
NOTE:
The low-pressure tire gauge is included as
standard equipment. Make two measurements of the tire pressure and use the second
reading. Dust or dirt in the gauge could cause
the first reading to be incorrect.
Set pressure with tires cold. Set tire pressures
to the following specifications:
Recommended
pressure
Minimum
Maximum
Front
25 kPa
(0.25 kgf/cm2,
3.6 psi)
22 kPa
(0.22 kgf/cm2,
3.2 psi)
28 kPa
(0.28 kgf/cm2,
4.0 psi)
Rear
25 kPa
(0.25 kgf/cm2,
3.6 psi)
22 kPa
(0.22 kgf/cm2,
3.2 psi)
28 kPa
(0.28 kgf/cm2,
4.0 psi)
1. Low-pressure tire gauge
5-11
EE.book Page 12 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00160
Tire wear limit
When the tire groove decreases to 3 mm
(0.12 in) due to wear, replace the tire.
a. Tire wear limit
5-12
EE.book Page 1 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00161
EBU00749
OPERATION
Starting a cold engine
WARNING
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Freezing control cables in cold weather.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be unable to control the ATV,
which could lead to an accident or collision.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When riding in cold weather, always
make sure all control cables work
smoothly before you begin riding.
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating ATV without being familiar
with all controls.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Loss of control, which could cause an
accident or injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Read the Owner’s Manual carefully. If
there is a control or function you do not
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer.
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Turn the fuel cock to “ON”.
3. Turn the main switch to “ON” and the engine stop switch to “ ”.
4. Shift the transmission into neutral.
6-1
EE.book Page 2 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Position 3: Cold engine start- ambient temperature above 25 °C (80 °F)
and warm engine start position.
NOTE:
● When the transmission is in neutral, the
neutral indicator light should come on. If
the light does not come on, ask a
Yamaha dealer to inspect it.
● The engine can be started in any gear if
the rear brake lever is applied. However,
it is recommended to shift into neutral before starting the engine.
_
1
2
3
4
5
6
_
7
5. Use the starter (choke) in reference to
the figure:
Position 1: Cold engine start- ambient temperature below 5 °C (40 °F).
Position 2: Cold engine start- ambient temperature at 0 °C (30 °F)–30 °C
(90 °F) and warming up position.
8
9
10
a. Starter (choke)
2. Half open
1. Fully-open
3. Closed
6. Completely close the throttle lever and
start the engine by pushing the start
switch.
11
12
13
14
6-2
EE.book Page 3 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
NOTE:
● If the engine fails to start, release the
start switch, then push the start switch
again. Pause a few seconds before the
next attempt. Each cranking should be as
short as possible to preserve battery energy. Do not crank the engine more than
10 seconds on each attempt.
● If the battery is discharged, pull the recoil
starter to start the engine.
CAUTION:
_
_
See the “Engine break-in” section prior to
operating the engine for the first time.
_
EBU00180
Starting a warm engine
To start a warm engine, refer to the “Starting a
cold engine” section. The starter (choke)
should not be used. The throttle should be
opened slightly.
_
7. If the engine is started with the starter
(choke) in position 1, the starter (choke)
should be returned to position 2 to warm
up the engine. If the engine is started with
the starter (choke) in position 2, keep
the starter (choke) in this position to
warm up the engine.
8. Continue warming up the engine until it
idles smoothly and return the starter
(choke) to position 3 before riding.
EBU00182
Warming up
To get maximum engine life, always warm up
the engine before starting off. Never accelerate hard with a cold engine! To see whether or
not the engine is warm, check if it responds to
the throttle normally with the starter (choke)
turned off.
6-3
EE.book Page 4 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU01952
Reverse knob operation and reverse
driving
NOTE:
When in reverse, the reverse indicator light
should be on. If the light does not come on,
ask a Yamaha dealer to inspect the ATV.
_
CAUTION:
_
Before shifting, stop the ATV and return
the throttle lever to its closed position.
Otherwise the transmission may be damaged.
_
4. Check behind you for people or obstacles, then release the brake.
5. Open the throttle lever gradually and continue to watch to the rear while backing.
_
1. Bring the ATV to a complete stop and return the throttle lever to the closed position with the transmission in neutral.
2. While applying the rear brake lever or
brake pedal, turn the reverse knob clockwise with your right hand.
3. Shift the transmission into reverse by
pressing down on the shift pedal.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating in reverse.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could hit an obstacle or person behind you, resulting in serious injury.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
When you shift into reverse, make sure
there are no obstacles or people behind
you. When it is safe to proceed, go slowly.
6-4
EE.book Page 5 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU12951
Shifting
This model has a 5-speed forward and
1-speed reverse transmission with centrifugal
automatic clutch. The transmission allows you
to control the amount of power you have available at a given speed or for starting, accelerating, climbing hills, etc.
To shift into neutral, return the throttle lever to
the closed position and repeatedly depress
the shift pedal until it stops.
To shift into reverse, first shift into neutral, and
then turn the reverse knob as explained on
page 6-4. Depress the shift pedal, and then
release the reverse knob.
CAUTION:
_
Do not coast for long periods with the engine off, and do not tow the ATV a long distance. Even in the neutral position, the
transmission is only properly lubricated
when the engine is running. Inadequate lubrication may cause damage.
_
EBU00205
To start out and accelerate:
1. Release the throttle lever.
CAUTION:
Always close the throttle while shifting
gears. Otherwise, damage to the engine
and drive train may result.
2. Shift into first gear and release the shift
pedal.
3. Open the throttle gradually.
1. Shift pedal
N. Neutral position
R. Reverse position
6-5
EE.book Page 6 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00207
To decelerate:
When slowing down or stopping, release the
throttle and apply the brakes smoothly and
evenly. As you slow down, shift to a lower
gear. Be sure that the engine has sufficiently
slowed before engaging a lower gear. Improper use of the brakes or shifting can cause the
tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of an accident.
4. Once the machine has attained adequate
speed, release the throttle lever.
5. Shift into second gear and release the
shift pedal.
6. Open the throttle gradually.
7. Follow the same procedure when shifting
to the next higher gear.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Opening the throttle before releasing
the shift pedal.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The machine could wheelie. This would
increase the chance of an accident, including overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Release the shift pedal before opening
the throttle. Open the throttle gradually.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Engaging a lower gear when the engine
speed is too high.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The wheels could stop rotating. This
could cause loss of control, an accident
and injury. It could also cause engine or
drive train damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Make sure the engine has sufficiently
slowed before shifting to a lower gear.
6-6
EE.book Page 7 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU02092
Engine break-in
There is never a more important period in the
life of your machine than the period between
zero and 20 hours.
For this reason, we ask that you carefully read
the following material. Because the engine is
brand new, you must not put an excessive
load on it for the first several hours of running.
During the first 20 hours, the various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves to the
correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full throttle operation or any condition which might result in excessive engine heating must be avoided.
However, momentary (2–3 seconds maximum) full throttle operation under load does
not harm the engine.
Each full throttle acceleration sequence
should be followed with a substantial rest period for the engine by cruising at lower r/min
so the engine can rid itself of the temporary
build up of heat.
If any abnormality is noticed during this period, consult a Yamaha dealer.
0–10 hours:
Avoid continuous operation above half throttle. Allow a cooling off period of five to ten minutes after every hour of operation. Vary the
speed of the machine from time to time. Do
not operate it at one set throttle position.
6-7
EE.book Page 8 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU02111
10–20 hours:
Avoid prolonged operation above 3/4 throttle.
Rev the machine freely through the gears but
do not use full throttle at any time.
Parking
When parking, stop the engine and shift into
first gear. Turn the fuel cock to “OFF” and apply the parking brake.
After break-in:
Avoid prolonged full throttle operation. Vary
speeds occasionally.
1. Locked position
6-8
EE.book Page 9 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU12960
Parking on a slope
1. Bring the ATV to a stop by applying the
brakes in low gear.
2. Stop the engine.
3. With the rear brake lever and pedal applied, apply the parking brake and slowly
release the brake pedal.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Parking on a hill or other incline.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The ATV could roll out of control, increasing the chance of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Avoid parking on hills or other inclines.
If you must park on an incline, put the
ATV in low gear, apply the parking
brake, and block the front and rear
wheels with rocks or other objects. Do
not park the ATV at all on hills that are
so steep you could not walk up them
easily.
6-9
EE.book Page 10 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00221
Accessories and loading
●
EBU00222
Accessories
Accessories can affect the handling and control of your ATV. Keep the following in mind
when considering an accessory or operating
an ATV which has accessories.
● Choose only accessories designed for your
ATV. Your Yamaha dealer has a variety of
genuine Yamaha accessories. Other accessories may also be available on the
market. However, it is not possible for
Yamaha to test all non-Yamaha accessories, nor have any control over the quality or
suitability of them. Choose a genuine
Yamaha accessory, or one that is equivalent in design and quality.
●
●
6-10
Accessories should be rigidly and securely
mounted. An accessory which can shift position or come off while you are riding could
affect your ability to control the ATV.
Do not mount an accessory where it could
interfere with your ability to control the ATV.
Examples include (but are not limited to) a
heavy or bulky object attached to the handlebars which could make steering difficult,
an accessory that limits your ability to move
around on the seat, or one that limits your
view.
Use extra caution when riding an ATV with
accessories. The ATV may handle differently than it does without accessories.
EE.book Page 11 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU05881
Loading
Cargo or a trailer can change the stability and
handling of an ATV.
You must use common sense and good judgment when carrying cargo or towing a trailer.
Keep the following points in mind:
● Never exceed the weight limits shown. An
overloaded ATV can be unstable.
●
●
MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
● Vehicle loading limit (total weight
of cargo, rider and accessories,
and tongue weight): 210 kg (463 lb)
● Front carrier: 40 kg (88 lb)
● Rear carrier: 80 kg (176 lb)
● Storage box: 2.0 kg (4.4 lb)
● Trailer hitch:
Pulling load (total weight of trailer
and cargo): 410 kgf (904 lbf)
Tongue weight (vertical weight on
trailer hitch point): 15 kgf (33 lbf)
●
●
●
6-11
Do not exceed the maximum tongue
weight. You can measure tongue weight
with a bathroom scale. Put the tongue of
the loaded trailer on the scale with the
tongue at hitch height. Adjust the load in the
trailer, if necessary, to reduce the weight on
hitch.
If you are carrying cargo and towing a trailer, include the tongue weight in the maximum vehicle load limit.
Load cargo on the carrier as close to the
center of the vehicle as possible. Put cargo
at the rear of the front carrier and at the
front of the rear carrier. Center the load
from side to side.
Tie down cargo securely to the carriers.
Make sure cargo in the trailer cannot move
around. A shifting load can cause an accident.
Make sure the load does not interfere with
controls or your ability to see where you are
going.
EE.book Page 12 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
●
●
●
●
Ride more slowly than you would without a
load. The more weight you carry, the slower you should go. Although conditions vary,
it is good practice not to exceed 2nd gear
whenever you are carrying heavier loads or
when towing a trailer.
Allow more braking distance. A heavier vehicle takes longer to stop.
Avoid making sharp turns unless at very
slow speeds.
Avoid hills and rough terrain. Choose terrain carefully. Added weight affects the stability and handling of the ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity
for this ATV.
Cargo should be properly distributed
and securely attached. Reduce speed
when carrying cargo or pulling a trailer.
Allow greater distance for braking.
6-12
EE.book Page 13 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU13451
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
6-13
EE.book Page 1 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Riding
1-
Your
ATV
7-1
7
EE.book Page 3 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
GETTING TO KNOW YOUR ATV
This ATV is mainly for utility use, but may also
be used for recreation. This section, Riding
your ATV, provides general ATV riding instructions for recreational riding. The skills
and techniques described in this section,
however, are appropriate for all types of
riding. Riding your ATV requires special skills
acquired through practice over a period of
time. Take the time to learn the basic techniques well before attempting more difficult
maneuvers.
begin to ride, be sure you have read this Owner’s Manual completely and understand the
operation of the controls. Pay particular attention to the safety information on pages 2-1–
2-7. Please also read all caution and warning
labels on your ATV.
Riding your new ATV can be a very enjoyable
activity, providing you with hours of pleasure.
But it is essential to familiarize yourself with
the operation of the ATV to achieve the skill
necessary to enjoy riding safely. Before you
7-3
EE.book Page 4 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
RIDE WITH CARE AND GOOD
JUDGEMENT
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Beginning and inexperienced operators
should complete the certified training
course offered by Yamaha. They should
then regularly practice the skills learned
in the course and the operating techniques described in this Owner’s Manual.
For more information about the training
course, contact an authorized ATV dealer or call 1-800-887-2887.
Get training if you are inexperienced.
Beginners or inexperienced riders should get
training from a certified instructor.
Become familiar with this ATV at slow speeds
first, even if you are an experienced operator.
Do not attempt to operate at maximum performance until you are totally familiar with the
ATV’s handling and performance characteristics.
Riding your ATV requires skills acquired
through practice over a period of time.
Take the time to learn the basic techniques
well before attempting more difficult maneuvers.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without proper instruction.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The risk of an accident is greatly increased if the operator does not know
how to operate the ATV properly in different situations and on different types
of terrain.
7-4
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Not recommended for children under
16 years of age.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to follow the age recommendations for this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use by children of ATVs that are not recommended for their age can lead to severe injury or death of the child.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
A child under 16 should never operate
an ATV with engine size greater than
90cc.
7-5
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This ATV is designed to carry operator and
cargo only – passengers prohibited.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Carrying a passenger on this ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Greatly reduces your ability to balance
and control this ATV. Could cause an
accident, resulting in harm to you and/
or your passenger.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never carry a passenger. The long seat
is to allow the operator to shift position
as needed during operation. It is not for
carrying passengers.
7-6
EE.book Page 7 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Apparel
Operating without protective clothing
increases your chances of severe injury
in the event of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always wear an approved motorcycle
helmet that fits properly. You should
also wear:
eye protection
(goggles or face shield)
gloves
boots
long-sleeved shirt or jacket
long pants
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV without wearing an
approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection and protective clothing.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Operating without
an approved motorcycle helmet increases
your
chances of a severe
head injury or death
in the event of an
accident.
Operating without eye protection can result in an accident and increases your
chances of a severe injury in the event
of an accident.
7-7
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Do not operate after consuming alcohol or
drugs.
Operator’s performance capability is reduced
by the influence of alcohol or drugs.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV after consuming alcohol or drugs.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could seriously affect your judgment.
Could cause you to react more slowly.
Could affect your balance and perception.
Could result in an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never consume alcohol or drugs before
or while driving this ATV.
7-8
EE.book Page 9 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Pre-operation checks
Always perform the pre-operation checks listed on page 5-1 before riding for safety and
proper care of the ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper tires,
or with improper or uneven tire pressure.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Use of improper tires on this ATV, or operation of this ATV with improper or uneven tire pressure, may cause loss of
control, increasing your risk of an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always use the size and type tires specified in the Owner’s Manual for this vehicle on pages 5-9–5-10.
Always maintain proper tire pressure as
described in the Owner’s Manual on
page 5-11.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to inspect the ATV before operating.
Failure to properly maintain the ATV.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the possibility of an accident
or equipment damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always inspect your ATV each time you
use it to make sure the ATV is in safe operating condition.
Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and schedules described in the Owner’s Manual.
7-9
EE.book Page 10 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Speed limiter
For riders less experienced with this model,
this model is equipped with a speed limiter in
the throttle lever housing. The speed limiter
keeps the throttle from fully opening, even
when the throttle lever is pushed to the maximum. Turning the adjusting screw in limits the
maximum engine power available and decreases the maximum speed of the ATV.
Turning the adjusting screw in decreases top
speed and turning it out increases top speed.
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
Do not operate at speeds too fast for your
skills or the conditions.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV at speeds too fast
for your skills or the conditions.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases your chances of losing control of the ATV, which can result in an
accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always go at a speed that is proper for
the terrain, visibility and operating conditions, and your experience.
1. Locknut
7-10
2. Adjusting screw
EE.book Page 11 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Loading and accessories
Use extra caution when riding the ATV with
additional loads, such as accessories or cargo. The ATV’s handling may be adversely affected. Reduce your speed when adding
additional loads.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Overloading this ATV or carrying or towing cargo improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause changes in vehicle handling which could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never exceed the stated load capacity
for this ATV.
Cargo should be properly distributed
and securely attached.
Reduce speed when carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer.
Allow greater distance for braking.
Always follow the instructions in your
Owner’s Manual for carrying cargo or
pulling a trailer.
MAXIMUM LOADING LIMIT
● Vehicle loading limit (total weight
of cargo, rider and accessories,
and tongue weight): 210 kg (463 lb)
● Front carrier: 40 kg (88 lb)
● Rear carrier: 80 kg (176 lb)
● Storage box: 2.0 kg (4.4 lb)
● Trailer hitch:
Pulling load (total weight of trailer
and cargo): 410 kgf (904 lbf)
Tongue weight (vertical weight on
trailer hitch point): 15 kgf (33 lbf)
7-11
EE.book Page 12 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
During operation
Always keep your feet on the footboards during operation. Otherwise your feet may contact the rear wheels.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Removing hands from handlebars or
feet from footboards during operation.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Removing even one hand or foot can reduce your ability to control the ATV or
could cause you to lose your balance
and fall off of the ATV. If you remove a
foot from a footboard, your foot or leg
may come into contact with the rear
wheels, which could injure you or cause
an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always keep both hands on the handlebars and both feet on the footboards of
your ATV during operation.
7-12
EE.book Page 13 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Avoid wheelies and jumping. You may lose
control of the ATV or overturn.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Attempting wheelies, jumps, and other
stunts.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Increases the chance of an accident, including an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt stunts, such as wheelies
or jumps. Don’t try to show off.
7-13
EE.book Page 14 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Modifications
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or
modification of this vehicle may cause
changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. All
parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha or
equivalent components designed for
use on this ATV and should be installed
and used according to instructions. If
you have questions, consult an authorized ATV dealer.
7-14
EE.book Page 15 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Exhaust system
The exhaust system on the ATV is very hot
during and following operation. To prevent
burns, avoid touching the exhaust system.
Park the ATV in a place where pedestrians or
children are not likely to touch it.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Hot exhaust system.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Dry grass or brush or other combustible
material accumulated around the engine area could catch fire. Someone
touching the exhaust system during or
after operation could be burned.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate, idle, or park the ATV in
dry grass or other dry ground cover.
Keep the engine area free of dry grass,
brush, or other combustible material.
Do not touch the hot exhaust system.
Do not park the ATV in a place where
others might be likely to touch it.
7-15
EE.book Page 16 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
BE CAREFUL WHERE YOU RIDE
This ATV is designed for off-road use only.
Riding on paved surfaces can cause loss of
control.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on paved surfaces.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
ATVs are designed for off-road use only.
Paved surfaces may seriously affect
handling and control of the ATV, and
may cause the vehicle to go out of control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always avoid paved surfaces, including
sidewalks, driveways, parking lots and
streets.
7-16
EE.book Page 17 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Do not ride on any public road, street, or highway.
Riding on public roads can result in collisions
with other vehicles.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV on public streets,
roads or highways.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can collide with another vehicle.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate this ATV on any public
street, road or highway, even a dirt or
gravel one. In many states it is illegal to
operate ATVs on public streets, roads
and highways.
7-17
EE.book Page 18 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Know the terrain where you ride. Ride cautiously in unfamiliar areas. Stay alert for
holes, rocks, or roots in the terrain, and other hidden hazards which may cause the ATV
to upset.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra care when operating
this ATV on unfamiliar terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You can come upon hidden rocks,
bumps, or holes, without enough time to
react.
Could result in the ATV overturning or
going out of control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Go slowly and be extra careful when operating on unfamiliar terrain.
Always be alert to changing terrain conditions when operating the ATV.
7-18
EE.book Page 19 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Failure to use extra care when operating
on excessively rough, slippery or loose
terrain.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of traction or vehicle
control, which could result in an accident, including an overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Do not operate on excessively rough,
slippery or loose terrain until you have
learned and practiced the skills necessary to control the ATV on such terrain.
Always be especially cautious on these
kinds of terrain.
7-19
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When riding in an area where you might not
easily be seen, such as desert terrain, mount
a caution flag on the ATV. DO NOT use the
flag pole bracket as a trailer hitch.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You could be in a collision. You could
be injured.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always mount a caution flag on the ATV
to make you more visible. Watch carefully for other vehicles.
Do not ride in areas posted “no trespassing”.
Do not ride on private property without getting
permission.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating in areas where you might not
be seen by other off-road vehicles.
7-20
EE.book Page 21 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
With the engine idling, lift the shift pedal to the
1st gear position and then release the parking
brake. Apply the throttle slowly and smoothly.
The centrifugal clutch will engage and you will
start to accelerate. Once the ATV has attained adequate speed, release the throttle
and lift the shift pedal to the 2nd gear position.
Release the shift pedal and apply the throttle
smoothly. Use this same procedure as you
move into the higher gears. Be sure to coordinate the use of the throttle and shift pedal
properly. If the throttle is applied too abruptly
or if the throttle is not released during shifting,
or if the shift pedal is not released before applying the throttle, the front wheels may lift off
the ground resulting in a loss of directional
control. Avoid higher speeds until you are
thoroughly familiar with the operation of your
ATV.
Select a large, flat area off-road to become familiar with your ATV. Make sure that this area
is free of obstacles and other riders. You
should practice control of the throttle, brakes,
shifting procedures, and turning techniques in
this area before trying more difficult terrain. Always avoid riding on paved surfaces: the ATV
is designed for off-road use only, and handling maneuvers are more difficult to perform
on pavement.
Set the parking brake and follow the instruction on page 6-1 to start the engine. Once it
has warmed up you are ready to begin riding
your ATV. As you get on the ATV, be sure not
to accidentally move the shift pedal. Remember that the engine and exhaust pipe will be
hot when riding and afterwards; do not allow
skin or clothing to come in contact with these
components.
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CAUTION:
WARNING
_
Do not shift gears without releasing the
throttle. Damage to the engine or drive
train may occur.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Engaging a lower gear when the engine
speed is too high.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The wheels could stop rotating. This
could cause loss of control, an accident
and injury. It could also cause engine or
drive train damage.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Make sure the engine has sufficiently
slowed before shifting to a lower gear.
_
When slowing down or stopping, release the
throttle and apply the brakes smoothly and
evenly. As you slow down, shift to a lower
gear. Be sure that the engine has sufficiently
slowed before engaging a lower gear. Improper use of the brakes or shifting can cause the
tires to lose traction, reducing control and increasing the possibility of an accident.
7-22
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TURNING YOUR ATV
To achieve maximum traction while riding offroad, the two rear wheels are mounted solidly
on one axle and turn together at the same
speed. Therefore, unless the wheel on the inside of the turn is allowed to slip or lose some
traction, the ATV will resist turning. A special
turning technique must be used to allow the
ATV to make turns quickly and easily. It is essential that this skill be learned first at low
speed.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for
turning as described in this Owner’s
Manual.
Practice turning at low speeds before attempting to turn at faster speeds. Do not
turn at speeds too fast for your skills or
the conditions.
As you approach a curve, slow down and begin to turn the handlebars in the desired direction. As you do so, put your weight on the
footboard to the outside of the turn (opposite
your desired direction) and lean your upper
body into the turn. Use the throttle to maintain
an even speed through the turn. This maneuver will let the wheel on the inside of the turn
slip slightly, allowing the ATV to make the turn
properly.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Turning improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
ATV could go out of control, causing a
collision or overturn.
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Once you have learned this technique you
should be able to perform it at higher speeds
or in tighter curves.
Improper riding procedures such as abrupt
throttle changes, excessive braking, incorrect
body movements, or too much speed for the
sharpness of the turn may cause the ATV to
tip. If the ATV begins to tip over to the outside
while negotiating a turn, lean more to the inside. It may also be necessary to gradually let
off on the throttle and steer to the outside of
the turn to avoid tipping over.
Remember: Avoid higher speeds until you are
thoroughly familiar with the operation of your
ATV.
This procedure should be practiced at slow
speed many times in a large off-road area
with no obstacles. If an incorrect technique is
used, your ATV may continue to go straight. If
the ATV doesn’t turn, come to a stop and then
practice the procedure again. If the riding surface is slippery or loose, it may help to position more of your weight over the front wheels
by moving forward on the seat.
7-24
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CLIMBING UPHILL
Use proper riding techniques to avoid vehicle
overturns on hills. Be sure that you can maneuver your ATV well on flat ground before attempting any incline and then practice riding
first on gentle slopes. Try more difficult climbs
only after you have developed your skill. In all
cases avoid inclines with slippery or loose surfaces, or obstacles that might cause you to
lose control.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate the ATV on hills too steep
for the ATV or for your abilities. Practice
on smaller hills before attempting large
hills.
It is important when climbing a hill to make
sure that your weight is transferred forward on
the ATV. This can be accomplished by leaning forward and, on steeper inclines, standing
on the footboards and leaning forward over
the handlebars.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating on excessively steep hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
The vehicle can overturn more easily on
extremely steep hills than on level surfaces or small hills.
7-25
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WARNING
An obstacle, a sharp drop, or another
vehicle or person could be on the other
side of the hill.
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Climbing hills improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for
climbing hills as described in this Owner’s Manual.
Always check the terrain carefully before you start up any hill.
Never climb hills with excessively slippery or loose surfaces.
Shift your weight forward.
Never open the throttle suddenly or
make sudden gear changes. The ATV
could flip over backwards.
Never go over the top of any hill at high
speed.
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If you are climbing a hill and you find that you
have not properly judged your ability to make
it to the top, you should turn the ATV around
while you still have forward motion (provided
you have the room to do so) and go down the
hill.
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or
loose surfaces.
Shift your weight to the uphill side of the
ATV.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills or turning on
hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt to turn the ATV around
on any hill until you have mastered the
turning technique as described in the
Owner’s Manual on level ground. Be
very careful when turning on any hill.
Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if
possible.
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If your ATV has stalled or stopped and you believe you can continue up the hill, restart carefully to make sure you do not lift the front
wheels which could cause you to lose control.
If you are unable to continue up the hill, dismount the ATV on the uphill side. Physically
turn the ATV around and then descend the hill.
If you start to roll backwards, DO NOT apply
either brake abruptly. If you are in 2WD, apply
only the front brake. When this ATV is in 4WD,
all wheels (front and rear) are interconnected
by the drive train. This means that applying either the front brake or the rear will brake all
wheels. When descending hills, using either
brake lever or the brake pedal will brake the
wheels on the downhill side. Avoid sudden application of either the front or rear brake because the wheels on the uphill side could
come off the ground. The ATV could easily tip
over backwards. Apply both the front and rear
brakes gradually, or dismount the ATV immediately on the uphill side.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Stalling, rolling backwards or improperly dismounting while climbing a hill.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could result in ATV overturning.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Use proper gear and maintain steady
speed when climbing a hill.
If you lose all forward speed:
Keep weight uphill.
Apply the brakes.
Lock parking brake, after you are
stopped.
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Dismount on uphill side or to a side if
pointed straight uphill. Turn the ATV
around and remount, following the procedure described in the Owner’s Manual.
If you begin rolling backwards:
Keep weight uphill.
2WD: Never apply the rear brake
while rolling backwards. Apply the
front brake. When fully stopped, apply the rear brake as well, and then
lock the parking brake.
4WD: Apply both front and rear
brakes gradually. When fully stopped,
lock the parking brake.
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RIDING DOWNHILL
When riding your ATV downhill, shift your
weight as far to the rear and uphill side of the
ATV as possible. Move back on the seat and
sit with your arms straight. Engine compression will do most of the braking for you. For
maximum engine compression braking effect,
change to 4WD before beginning to descend
the hill and choose a low gear which will allow
the engine compression to do most of the
braking for you. Improper braking may cause
a loss of traction. Use caution while descending a hill with loose or slippery surfaces. Braking ability and traction may be adversely
affected by these surfaces. Improper braking
may also cause a loss of traction.
When this ATV is in 4WD, all wheels (front
and rear) are interconnected by the drive
train. This means that applying either the front
brake or the rear brake will brake all wheels.
When descending hills, using either brake lever or the brake pedal will brake the wheels
on the downhill side. Avoid sudden application of either the front or rear brake because
the wheels on the uphill side could come off
the ground. Apply both the front and rear
brakes gradually.
Whenever possible, ride your ATV straight
downhill. Avoid sharp angles which could allow the ATV to tip or roll over. Carefully
choose your path and ride no faster than you
will be able to react to obstacles which may
appear.
7-30
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WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Going down a hill improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Always follow proper procedures for going down hills as described in this Owner’s Manual.
Note: a special technique is required
when braking as you go down a hill.
Always check the terrain carefully before you start down any hill.
Shift your weight backward.
Never go down a hill at high speed.
Avoid going down a hill at an angle that
would cause the vehicle to lean sharply
to one side. Go straight down the hill
where possible.
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CROSSING A SLOPE
Traversing a sloping surface on your ATV requires you to properly position your weight to
maintain proper balance. Be sure that you
have learned the basic riding skills on flat
ground before attempting to cross a sloping
surface. Avoid slopes with slippery surfaces
or rough terrain that may upset your balance.
If your ATV does begin to tip over, gradually
steer in the downhill direction if there are no
obstacles in your path. As you regain proper
balance, gradually steer again in the direction
you wish to travel.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly crossing hills or turning on
hills.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or cause the
ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never attempt to turn the ATV around
on any hill until you have mastered the
turning technique as described in the
Owner’s Manual on level ground. Be
very careful when turning on any hill.
Avoid crossing the side of a steep hill if
possible.
As you travel across a slope, lean your body
in the uphill direction. It may be necessary to
correct the steering when riding on loose surfaces by pointing the front wheels slightly uphill. When riding on slopes be sure not to
make sharp turns either up or down hill.
7-32
EE.book Page 33 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
When crossing the side of a hill:
Always follow proper procedures as described in the Owner’s Manual.
Avoid hills with excessively slippery or
loose surfaces.
Shift your weight to the uphill side of the
ATV.
7-33
EE.book Page 34 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
CROSSING THROUGH SHALLOW WATER
The ATV can be used to cross slow moving,
shallow water of up to a maximum of 35 cm
(14 inches) in depth. Before entering the water, choose your path carefully. Enter where
there is no sharp drop off, and avoid rocks or
other obstacles which may be slippery or upset the ATV. Drive slowly and carefully.
Remember that wet brakes may have reduced stopping ability. Test your brakes
after leaving water. If necessary, apply
them several times to let friction dry out
the linings.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV through deep or fast
flowing water.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Tires may float, causing loss of traction
and loss of control, which could lead to
an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never operate this ATV in fast flowing
water or in water deeper than that specified in your Owner’s Manual.
7-34
EE.book Page 35 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
Test your brakes after leaving the water. Do
not continue to ride your ATV without verifying
that you have regained proper braking ability.
CAUTION:
_
After riding your ATV in water, be sure to
drain the trapped water by removing the
check hose at the bottom of the air filter
case. Wash the ATV in fresh water if it has
been operated in salt water or muddy conditions.
_
1. Check hose
7-35
EE.book Page 36 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
RIDING OVER ROUGH TERRAIN
Riding over rough terrain should be done with
caution. Look out for obstacles which could
cause damage to the ATV or could lead to an
upset or accident. Be sure to keep your feet
firmly mounted on the footboards at all times.
Avoid jumping the ATV as loss of control and
damage to the ATV may result.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Improperly operating over obstacles.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Could cause loss of control or a collision. Could cause the ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Before operating in a new area, check
for obstacles.
Never attempt to ride over large obstacles, such as large rocks or fallen trees.
When you go over obstacles, always follow proper procedures as described in
the Owner’s Manual.
7-36
EE.book Page 38 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
SLIDING AND SKIDDING
Care should be used when riding on loose or
slippery surfaces since the ATV may slide. If
unexpected and uncorrected, sliding could
lead to an accident.
If the rear wheels of your ATV start to slide
sideways, control can usually be regained (if
there is room to do so) by steering in the direction of the slide. Applying the brakes or accelerating is not recommended until you have
corrected the slide.
To reduce the tendency for the front wheels to
slide in loose or slippery conditions, positioning your weight over the front wheels will
sometimes help.
7-38
EE.book Page 39 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
With practice, over a period of time, skill at
controlled sliding can be developed. The terrain should be chosen carefully before attempting such maneuvers, since both stability
and control are reduced. Bear in mind that
sliding maneuvers should always be avoided
on extremely slippery surfaces such as ice,
since all control may be lost.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Skidding or sliding improperly.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
You may lose control of this ATV. You
may also regain traction unexpectedly,
which may cause the ATV to overturn.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Learn to safely control skidding or sliding by practicing at low speeds and on
level, smooth terrain.
On extremely slippery surfaces, such as
ice, go slowly and be very cautious in
order to reduce the chance of skidding
or sliding out of control.
7-39
EE.book Page 40 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
WHAT TO DO IF ...
This section is designed to be a reference
guide only. Be sure to read each section on
riding techniques completely.
●
WHAT TO DO ...
● If your ATV doesn’t turn when you want it
to:
Bring the ATV to a stop and practice the
turning maneuvers again. Be sure you are
putting your weight on the footboard to the
outside of the turn. Position your weight
over the front wheels for better control.
(See pages 7-23–7-24.)
● If your ATV begins to tip while turning:
Lean more into the turn to regain balance. If
necessary, gradually let off the throttle and/
or steer to the outside of the turn. (See
pages 7-23–7-24.)
●
7-40
If your ATV starts to slide sideways:
Steer in the direction of the slide if you have
the room.
Applying the brakes or accelerating is not
recommended until you have corrected the
slide. (See pages 7-38–7-39.)
If your ATV can’t make it up a hill you are
trying to climb:
Turn the ATV around if you still have forward speed. If not, stop, dismount on the
uphill side of the ATV and physically turn
the ATV around. If the ATV starts to slip
backwards, DO NOT USE THE REAR
BRAKE - the ATV may tip over on top of
you. Dismount the ATV on the uphill side.
(See pages 7-25–7-29.)
EE.book Page 41 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
●
●
If your ATV is traversing a sloping surface:
Be sure to ride with your weight positioned
towards the uphill side of the ATV to maintain proper balance. If the ATV starts to tip,
steer down the hill (if there are no obstacles
in your way) to regain balance. If you discover that the ATV is going to tip over, dismount on the uphill side. (See pages 7-32–
7-33.)
If your ATV encounters shallow water:
Ride slowly and carefully through slow
moving water, watching for obstacles. Be
sure to let water drain from the ATV and
CHECK YOUR BRAKES FOR PROPER
OPERATION when you come out of the
water. Do not continue to ride your ATV until you have regained adequate braking
ability. (See pages 7-34–7-35.)
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
7-41
EE.book Page 1 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU00515
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
ADJUSTMENT
Have a Yamaha dealer perform service if
you are not familiar with machine service.
Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your machine in the safest and
most efficient condition possible. Safety is an
obligation of the machine owner. The most
important points of machine inspection, adjustment and lubrication are explained on the
following pages.
EBU12990
Owner’s manual and tool kit
You are recommended to put this owner’s
manual in the vinyl bag and always carry it on
the bottom of the seat as shown. Put the owner’s tool kit and low-pressure tire gauge in the
storage box.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Servicing an engine while it is running.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Moving parts can catch clothing or parts
of the body, causing injury.
Electrical components can cause
shocks or can start fires.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Turn off the engine when performing
maintenance unless otherwise specified.
1. Owner’s manual
8-1
EE.book Page 2 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
WARNING
1. Owner’s tool kit
POTENTIAL HAZARD
Operating this ATV with improper modifications.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
Improper installation of accessories or
modification of this vehicle may cause
changes in handling which in some situations could lead to an accident.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
Never modify this ATV through improper installation or use of accessories. All
parts and accessories added to this vehicle should be genuine Yamaha or
equivalent components designed for
use on this ATV and should be installed
and used according to instructions. If
you have questions, consult an authorized Yamaha ATV dealer.
2. Low-pressure tire gauge
The service information included in this manual is intended to provide you, the owner, with
the necessary information for completing your
own preventive maintenance and minor repairs. The tools provided in the Owner’s tool
kit are sufficient for this purpose, except that a
torque wrench is also necessary to properly
tighten nuts and bolts.
NOTE:
If you do not have a torque wrench available
during a service operation requiring one, take
your machine to a Yamaha dealer to check
the torque settings and adjust them as necessary.
_
_
8-2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
EE.book Page 3 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU15731
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
NOTE:
_
●
For ATVs not equipped with an odometer or an hour meter, follow the month maintenance intervals.
For ATVs equipped with an odometer or an hour meter, follow the km (mi) or hours maintenance intervals. However, keep in mind that if the ATV isn’t used for a long period of time, the month maintenance intervals should be followed.
● Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as they require special tools,
data and technical skills.
●
_
ITEM
Valves*
Spark plug*
Carburetor*
Cylinder head cover
breather system*
Exhaust system*
Spark arrester
Fuel line*
Whichever month
comes first
km
(mi)
hours
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check valve clearance.
Adjust if necessary.
Check condition.
Adjust gap and clean.
Replace if necessary.
Check and adjust idle speed/starter operation.
Adjust if necessary.
Check breather hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
Check leakage.
Tighten if necessary.
Replace gasket if necessary.
Clean.
Check fuel hose for cracks or damage.
Replace if necessary.
8-3
1
320
(200)
20
INITIAL
3
1,300
(800)
80
6
2,500
(1,600)
160
EVERY
6
12
2,500
5,000
(1,600) (3,200)
160
320
EE.book Page 4 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU15720
General maintenance and lubrication chart
ITEM
Engine oil
Engine oil filter element
Engine oil strainer
Final gear oil
Differential gear oil
Air filter element
Front brake*
Rear brake*
Clutch*
Reverse lock release
cable*
Wheels*
Wheel bearings*
Front and rear
suspension*
Steering system*
Drive shaft universal joint*
Whichever month
comes first
km
(mi)
hours
ROUTINE
1
320
(200)
20
INITIAL
3
1,300
(800)
80
6
2,500
(1,600)
160
EVERY
6
12
2,500
5,000
(1,600) (3,200)
160
320
• Replace (Warm engine before draining).
• Clean.
• Clean.
• Check oil level/oil leakage.
• Replace every 12 months.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Clean.
Replace if necessary.
Check operation/fluid leakage/see NOTE page 8-5.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation.
Adjust if necessary.
Check operation.
Adjust if necessary.
Check operation.
Adjust if necessary.
Check balance/damage/runout.
Repair if necessary.
Check bearing assemblies for looseness/damage.
Replace if damaged.
Check operation.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation.
Replace if damaged.
Check toe-in.
Adjust if necessary.
Lubricate with lithium-soap-based grease.
8-4
Every 20–40 hours
(More often in wet or dusty areas.)
EE.book Page 5 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
ITEM
Axle boots*
Fittings and fasteners*
Lights and switches*
Whichever month
comes first
km
(mi)
hours
ROUTINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
1
320
(200)
20
INITIAL
3
1,300
(800)
80
6
2,500
(1,600)
160
EVERY
6
12
2,500
5,000
(1,600) (3,200)
160
320
Check operation.
Replace if damaged.
Check all chassis fittings and fasteners.
Correct if necessary.
Check operation.
Adjust headlight beams.
NOTE:
● Recommended brake fluid: DOT 4
● Brake fluid replacement:
• When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper, replace the brake fluid. Normally check the
brake fluid level and add fluid as required.
• On the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper, replace the oil seals every two years.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years, or if
cracked or damaged.
WARNING
_
Indicates a potential hazard that could
result in serious injury or death.
8-5
EE.book Page 6 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
EBU11812
Engine oil and oil filter element
The engine oil level should be checked before
each ride. In addition, the oil must be changed
and the oil filter element cleaned at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance
and lubrication chart.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the ATV on a level surface.
2. Warm up the engine for several minutes,
and then turn it off.
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil level settles before checking.
4. Remove the engine oil filler cap, and then
wipe the dipstick off with a clean rag. Insert the dipstick in the filler hole (without
screwing it in), and then remove it again
to check the oil level.
1. Engine oil filler cap
1. Dipstick
3. Minimum level mark
8-6
2. Maximum level mark
EE.book Page 7 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
NOTE:
The oil level should be between the minimum
and maximum level marks.
To change the engine oil (with or without
oil filter element cleaning)
1. Place the ATV on a level surface.
2. Warm up the engine for several minutes,
and then turn it off.
3. Place a container under the engine to
collect the used oil.
4. Remove the engine oil filler cap, and then
remove the engine oil drain bolt to drain
the oil from the crankcase.
_
_
5. If the engine oil is at or below the minimum level mark, add sufficient oil of the
recommended type to raise it to the correct level.
CAUTION:
_
Be sure no foreign material enters the
crankcase.
_
6. Insert the dipstick into the oil filler hole,
and then tighten the engine oil filler cap.
1. Engine oil drain bolt
3. Compression spring
8-7
2. O-ring
4. Oil strainer
EE.book Page 8 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
6. Clean the oil strainer and oil filter element
with solvent.
7. Check the O-ring for damage and replace it if necessary.
CAUTION:
_
When removing the engine oil drain bolt,
the compression spring, oil strainer and
O-ring will fall out. Take care not to lose
these parts.
_
NOTE:
Skip steps 5–9 if the oil filter element is not being cleaned.
_
_
5. Remove the oil filter cover by removing
the bolts, and then remove the oil filter element.
1. O-ring
2. Oil filter element
8. Install the oil filter element and O-ring.
NOTE:
Make sure the O-ring is seated properly.
_
_
1. Oil filter cover
2. Oil filter cover bolt (× 3)
8-8
EE.book Page 9 Thursday, March 31, 2005 2:01 PM
9. Install the oil filter cover by installing the
bolts, and then tighten them to the specified torque.
11. Add the sp
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