Yazoo/Kees KKW36141 Owner`s manual

Yazoo/Kees KKW36141 Owner`s manual
OWNER'S MANUAL
MAGNUM 18 & 20 HP
HORIZONTAL CRANKSHAFT
Safety Precautions
To ensure safe operations please read the following statements and understand their meaning.
Also refer to your equipment owner's manual for other important safety information. This manual
contains safety precautions which are explained below. Please read carefully.
WARNING
Warning is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that can cause severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage if the warning is ignored.
CAUTION
Caution is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that will or can cause minor personal injury or
property damage if the caution is ignored.
NOTE
Note is used to notify people of installation, operation, or maintenance information that is important
but not hazard-related.
For Your Safety!
These precautions should be followed at all times. Failure to follow these precautions could result
in injury to yourself and others.
WARNING
WARNING
Explosive Fuel can cause fires and
severe burns.
Rotating Parts can cause severe
injury.
Stop engine before filling fuel tank.
Stay away while engine is in
operation.
Explosive Fuel!
Gasoline is extremely flammable
and its vapors can explode if
ignited. Store gasoline only in
approved containers, in well
ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
away from sparks or flames. Do not
fill the fuel tank while the engine is
hot or running, since spilled fuel
could ignite if it comes in contact
with hot parts or sparks from
ignition. Do not start the engine near
spilled fuel. Never use gasoline as a
cleaning agent.
Rotating Parts!
Keep hands, feet, hair, and clothing
away from all moving parts to
prevent injury. Never operate the
engine with covers, shrouds, or
guards removed.
CAUTION
Hot Parts can cause severe burns.
Do not touch engine while operating
or just after stopping.
Hot Parts!
Engine components can get
extremely hot from operation. To
prevent severe burns, do not touch
these areas while the engine is
running–or immediately after it is
turned off. Never operate the engine
with heat shields or guards
removed.
California
Proposition 65 Warning
Electrical Shock can cause injury.
Do not touch wires while engine is
running.
Electrical Shock!
Never touch electrical wires or
components while the engine is
running. They can be sources of
electrical shock.
2
WARNING
Engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the
State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
Safety Precautions (Cont.)
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
Accidental Starts can cause severe
injury or death.
Carbon Monoxide can cause
severe nausea, fainting or death.
Explosive Gas can cause fires and
severe acid burns.
Disconnect and ground spark plug
lead before servicing.
Do not operate engine in closed or
confined area.
Charge battery only in a well
ventilated area. Keep sources of
ignition away.
Accidental Starts!
Disabling engine. Accidental
starting can cause severe injury
or death. Before working on the
engine or equipment, disable the
engine as follows: 1) Disconnect the
spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect
negative (-) battery cable from
battery.
Lethal Exhaust Gases!
Engine exhaust gases contain
poisonous carbon monoxide.
Carbon monoxide is odorless,
colorless, and can cause death if
inhaled. Avoid inhaling exhaust
fumes, and never run the engine in
a closed building or confined area.
Explosive Gas!
Batteries produce explosive
hydrogen gas while being charged.
To prevent a fire or explosion,
charge batteries only in well
ventilated areas. Keep sparks, open
flames, and other sources of ignition
away from the battery at all times.
Keep batteries out of the reach of
children. Remove all jewelry when
servicing batteries.
Before disconnecting the negative
(–) ground cable, make sure all
switches are OFF. If ON, a spark will
occur at the ground cable terminal
which could cause an explosion if
hydrogen gas or gasoline vapors
are present.
Congratulations – You have selected a fine four-cycle, twin cylinder, air-cooled engine. Kohler designs long life
strength and on-the-job durability into each engine…making a Kohler engine dependable…dependability you
can count on. Here are some reasons why:
• Parts subject to the most wear and tear (like cylinders, crankshaft, and camshaft) are made from precision
formulated cast iron. Because the cast iron cylinders can be rebored, these engines can last even longer.
• Kohler engines are easy to service. All routine service areas (like the dipstick and oil fill, air cleaner, spark
plugs, and carburetor) are easily and quickly accessible.
• Every Kohler engine is backed by a worldwide network of over 10,000 distributors and dealers. Service
support is just a phone call away. Call 1-800-544-2444 (U.S. & Canada) for Sales & Service assistance.
To keep your engine in top operating condition, follow the maintenance procedures in this manual.
3
Identification Plate
(On Engine Shrouding)
Mufflers
Dipstick
Oil Fill
Air Cleaner
Spark
Plug
Spark
Plug
Cooling
Fins
Blower
Housing
Oil Filter
Oil Drain
Air Intake Screen
Electric
Starter
Oil Sump
Figure 1. Typical M18 Engine.
Oil Recommendations
Using the proper type and weight of oil in the
crankcase is extremely important. So is checking oil
daily and changing oil and filter regularly. Failure to
use the correct oil, or using dirty oil, causes
premature engine wear and failure.
Before each start, make sure the crankcase is filled
with proper type and quantity of oil.
Oil Type
Use high quality detergent oil of API (American
Petroleum Institute) service class SG, SH, SJ or
higher. Select the viscosity based on the air
temperature at the time of operation as shown in the
following table.
Straight 30-weight (Kohler ‘‘Magnum’’) oil is
preferred. SAE 10W-30 oil is not recommended above
32°F (0°C). Using this oil substantially increases oil
consumption and combustion chamber deposits.
NOTE: Using other than service class SG, SH, SJ or
higher oil or extending oil change intervals
longer than recommended can cause engine
damage.
A logo or symbol on oil containers identifies the API
service class and SAE viscosity grade. See Figure 3.
**
*
Figure 3. Oil Container Logo.
Refer to “Maintenance Instructions” beginning on
page 7 for detailed oil check, oil change, and oil
filter change procedures.
*Use of synthetic oil having 5W-20 or 5W-30 rating is acceptable,
up to 4°C (40°F).
**Synthetic oils will provide better starting in extreme cold below
-23°C (-10°F).
Figure 2. Viscosity Grades Table.
4
Fuel Recommendations
WARNING: Explosive Fuel!
Gasoline is extremely flammable and its vapors can
explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved
containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
away from sparks or flames. Do not fill the fuel tank
while the engine is hot or running, since spilled fuel
could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or
sparks from ignition. Do not start the engine near spilled
fuel. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
Gasoline/Alcohol blends
Gasohol (up to 10% ethyl alcohol, 90% unleaded
gasoline by volume) is approved as a fuel for Kohler
engines. Other gasoline/alcohol blends are not
approved.
Gasoline/Ether blends
Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) and unleaded
gasoline blends (up to a maximum of 15% MTBE by
volume) are approved as a fuel for Kohler engines.
Other gasoline/ether blends are not approved.
General Recommendations
Engine Identification Numbers
Purchase gasoline in small quantities and store in
clean, approved containers. A container with a capacity
of 2 gallons or less with a pouring spout is
recommended. Such a container is easier to handle
and helps eliminate spillage during refueling.
When ordering parts, or in any communication involving
an engine, always give the Model, Specification, and
Serial Numbers of the engine.
Do not use gasoline left over from the previous season,
to minimize gum deposits in your fuel system and to
ensure easy starting.
The engine identification numbers appear on decal (or
decals) affixed to the engine shrouding. Include letter
suffixes, if there are any.
Record your engine identification numbers on the
identification label below (Figure 4) for future reference.
Do not add oil to the gasoline.
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Leave room for the fuel to
expand.
Fuel Type
For best results use only clean, fresh, unleaded
gasoline with a pump sticker octane rating of 87 or
higher. In countries using the Research method, it
should be 90 octane minimum.
Unleaded gasoline is recommended as it leaves less
combustion chamber deposits. Leaded gasoline may be
used in areas where unleaded is not available and
exhaust emissions are not regulated. Be aware
however, that the cylinder head will require more
frequent service.
MODEL NO.
SPEC. NO.
DISPL (CC)
SERIAL NO.
REFER TO OWNER'S MANUAL FOR
SAFETY, MAINTENANCE SPECS
AND ADJUSTMENTS. FOR SALES
AND SERVICE IN US/CANADA
CALL: 1-800-544-2444
KOHLER CO. KOHLER, WI USA
EXPORT OR
REPLACEMENT ENGINE
Figure 4. Engine Identification Label.
5
Operating Instructions
Also read the operating instructions of the equipment this engine powers.
Pre-Start Checklist
! Check oil level. Add oil if low. Do not overfill.
! Check fuel level. Add fuel if low.
! Check cooling air intake areas and external
surfaces of engine. Make sure they are clean and
unobstructed.
! Check that the air cleaner components and all
shrouds, equipment covers, and guards are in
place and securely fastened.
! Check that any clutches or transmissions are
disengaged or placed in neutral. This is especially
important on equipment with hydrostatic drive. The
shift lever must be exactly in neutral to prevent
resistance which could keep the engine from
starting.
WARNING: Lethal Exhaust Gases!
Engine exhaust gases contain poisonous carbon
monoxide. Carbon monoxide is odorless, colorless,
and can cause death if inhaled. Avoid inhaling exhaust
fumes, and never run the engine in a closed building or
confined area.
Cold Weather Starting Hints
1. Be sure to use the proper oil for the temperature
expected. See Figure 2 on page 4.
2. Declutch all possible external loads.
3. Set speed control at part throttle position.
4. A warm battery has much more starting capacity
than a cold battery.
5. Use fresh winter grade fuel. NOTE: Winter grade
gasoline has a higher volatility to improve starting.
Do not use gasoline left over from summer.
Starting
1. On a Cold Engine – Place the throttle control
midway between the ‘‘slow’’ and ‘‘fast’’
positions. Place the choke control into the ‘‘on’’
position.
On a Warm Engine (Normal Operating
Temperatures) – Place the throttle control
midway between the ‘‘slow’’ and ‘‘fast’’
positions. Place the choke control into the ‘‘off’’
position.
6
2. Activate the starter switch. Release the switch as
soon as the engine starts.
NOTE: After starting the engine, it may be
necessary to leave the choke partially
‘‘on’’ for a few minutes before moving it
to the ‘‘off’’ position.
NOTE: Do not crank the engine continuously for
more than 10 seconds at a time. If the
engine does not start, allow a 60 second
cool down period between starting
attempts. Failure to follow these
guidelines can burn out the starter motor.
NOTE: If the engine develops sufficient speed to
disengage the starter but does not keep
running (a false start), the engine rotation
must be allowed to come to a complete
stop before attempting to restart the
engine. If the start is engaged while the
flywheel is rotating, the starter pinion and
flywheel ring gear may clash, resulting in
damage to the starter.
If the starter does not turn the engine over, shut
off starter immediately. Do not make further
attempts to start the engine until the condition is
corrected. Do not jump start using another battery
(refer to “Battery” below). See your Kohler Engine
Service Dealer for trouble analysis.
3. On a Cold Engine – Gradually return the choke
control to the ‘‘off ’’ position after the engine starts
and warms up.
Stopping
1. If possible, remove the load by disengaging all
PTO attachments.
2. Move the throttle control to the ‘‘slow’’ or ‘‘low’’
idle position. Allow the engine to run at idle for 3060 seconds; then stop the engine. If the carburetor
on the engine is equipped with a fuel solenoid,
move the throttle control back up between half
and full throttle just before stopping the engine.
Battery
A 12 volt battery is normally used. Refer to the
operating instructions of the equipment this engine
powers for specific battery requirements.
If the battery charge is not sufficient to crank the
engine, recharge the battery (see page 11).
Operating
Optional spark arrestor mufflers are available from your
Kohler Engine Service Dealer. Check your local laws
and statutes regarding engine spark arrestor muffler
requirements.
Angle of Operation
This engine will operate continuously at angles up to
30° in any direction. Check oil level to assure
crankcase oil level is at the “F” mark.
Refer to the operating instructions of the equipment
this engine powers. Because of equipment design or
application, there may be more stringent restrictions
regarding the angle of operation.
NOTE: Do not operate this engine continuously at
angles exceeding 30° in any direction. Engine
damage could result from insufficient
lubrication.
Cooling
NOTE: If debris builds up on the grass screen or
other cooling air intake areas, stop the engine
immediately and clean. Operating the engine
with blocked or dirty air intake and cooling
areas can cause extensive damage due to
overheating.
WARNING: Hot Parts!
Engine components can get extremely hot from
operation. To prevent severe burns, do not touch these
areas while the engine is running–or immediately after
it is turned off. Never operate the engine with heat
shields or guards removed.
Engine Speed
NOTE: Do not tamper with the governor setting to
increase the maximum engine speed.
Overspeed is hazardous and will void the
engine warranty.
WARNING: Rope Starting Pulley is not a
Drive Pulley!
Do not use backup rope starting pulley as a drive
pulley. Using starting pulley as a drive could loosen
flywheel fastener, resulting in bodily harm.
Maintenance Instructions
WARNING: Accidental Starts!
Disabling engine. Accidental starting can cause severe injury or death. Before working on the engine or
equipment, disable the engine as follows: 1) Disconnect the spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect negative (-) battery
cable from battery.
Maintenance Schedule
These required maintenance procedures should be performed at the frequency stated in the table. They should
also be included as part of any seasonal tune-up.
Frequency
As Specified
on pages 8 & 9
Daily or Before
Starting Engine
Every 25 Hours
Every 50 Hours
Every 100 Hours
Maintenance Required
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change oil.
Change oil filter.
Fill fuel tank.
Check oil level4.
Check air cleaner for dirty¹, loose, or damaged parts.
Check air intake and cooling areas, clean as necessary¹.
Service precleaner element¹.
• Remove cooling shrouds and clean cooling areas1.
• Replace air cleaner element1.
• Check spark plug condition and gap.
Every 200 Hours
• Replace fuel filter.
Annually or
Every 500 Hours
• Have bendix starter drive serviced².
• Have valve and tappet clearance checked2.
• Have cylinder heads serviced2,3.
¹Perform these maintenance procedures more frequently under extremely dusty, dirty conditions.
²Have a Kohler Engine Service Dealer perform this service.
3
250 hours when leaded gasoline is used and/or multiviscosity oil is used.
4
Twice daily on commercial use.
7
Check Oil Level
Change Oil and Oil Filter
The importance of checking and maintaining the proper
oil level in the crankcase cannot be overemphasized.
Check oil BEFORE EACH USE OR TWICE DAILY ON
COMMERCIAL USE as follows:
Change Oil
Change oil as shown in the ‘‘Oil Change Intervals’’
table.
1. Make sure the engine is stopped, level, and is
cool so the oil has had time to drain into the sump.
2. To keep dirt, grass clippings, etc., out of the
engine, clean the area around the oil fill cap or
dipstick before removing it.
3. Remove the dipstick; wipe oil off. Reinsert the
dipstick and push it all the way down into the tube.
4. Remove the dipstick and check the oil level.
The oil level should be up to, but not over, the “F”
mark on the dipstick. See Figure 5.
“F” Mark
Operating
Range
Figure 5. Oil Level Dipstick.
5. If the level is low, add oil of the proper type, up to
the “F” mark on the dipstick. (Refer to “Oil Type”
on page 4.) Always check the level with the
dipstick before adding more oil.
NOTE: To prevent extensive engine wear or
damage, always maintain the proper oil
level in the crankcase. Never operate the
engine with the oil level below the “L”
mark or over the “F” mark on the dipstick.
Oil Sentry™
Some engines are equipped with an optional Oil
Sentry™ oil pressure switch. If the oil pressure
decreases below an acceptable level, the Oil Sentry™
will either shut off the engine or activate a warning
signal, depending on the application.
NOTE: Make sure the oil level is checked BEFORE
EACH USE and is maintained up to the “F”
mark on the dipstick. This includes engines
equipped with Oil Sentry™.
8
Oil Change Intervals
Oil Type
Engine Type
Interval
Temperature ABOVE 32° F (0° C)
With Filter
50 Hours*
SAE 30
Without Filter
25 Hours
With Filter
25 Hours
Multiviscosity
Without Filter
25 Hours
Temperature BELOW 32° F (0° C)
With Filter
50 Hours
Multiviscosity
Without Filter
25 Hours
*NOTE: 25 hours for continuous and/or heavy duty
operation.
Change the oil while the engine is still warm. The oil
will flow freely and carry away more impurities. Make
sure the engine is level when filling, checking, or
changing the oil.
Change the oil as follows:
1. To keep dirt, grass clippings, etc., out of the
engine, clean the area around the oil fill cap
before removing it.
2. Remove the oil drain plug and oil fill cap. Tilt the
engine slightly towards the oil drain to obtain
better drainage.
3. Reinstall the drain plug. Make sure it is tightened
securely.
4. Fill with new oil of the proper type to the ‘‘F’’ mark
on the dipstick. Always check the level on the
dipstick before adding more oil.
NOTE: To prevent extensive engine wear or
damage, always maintain the proper oil
level in the crankcase. Never operate the
engine with the oil level below the “L”
mark or over the “F” mark on the dipstick.
5. Reinstall the oil fill cap. Make sure it is tightened
securely.
Change Oil Filter
Some engines are equipped with an oil filter. Replace
the oil filter every other oil change, in accordance with
the ‘‘Oil Change Intervals’’ table on page 8. Always use
a genuine Kohler oil filter, Part No. 52 050 02-S, and
replace as follows:
1. Drain the oil from the engine crankcase.
Service Precleaner and Air Cleaner Element
This engine is equipped with a replaceable, high
density paper air cleaner element. Some engines are
also equipped with an oiled, foam precleaner which
surrounds the paper element. See Figure 7.
Element
Cover Seals
Element Cover
2. Allow the oil filter to drain.
3. Remove the old filter and wipe the filter adapter
gasket surface.
4. Place a new replacement filter in a shallow pan
with the open end up. Pour new oil of the proper
type, in through the threaded center hole. Stop
pouring when the oil reaches the bottom of the
threads. Allow a minute or two for the oil to be
absorbed by the filter material.
5. Apply a thin film of clean oil to the rubber gasket
on the new filter. Install the replacement oil filter
on the engine. Turn the oil filter clockwise until
rubber gasket contacts the filter adapter, then
tighten filter an additional 2/3 to 1 turn.
6. Reinstall drain plug. Make sure it is tight.
7. Fill the crankcase with new oil of the proper type
to the ‘‘F’’ mark on the dipstick. Add an additional
1/2 pint of oil for the filter capacity. See
"Specifications" on page 15.
8. Test run the engine to check for leaks. Stop the
engine, allow a minute for the oil to drain down,
and recheck the level on the dipstick. Make sure
oil level is up to but not over the ‘‘F’’ mark on the
dipstick.
Precleaner
Paper Element
Air Cleaner
Base
Figure 7. Air Cleaner Housing Components.
Check the air cleaner daily or before starting the
engine. Check for buildup of dirt and debris around the
air cleaner system. Keep this area clean. Also check
for loose or damaged components. Replace all bent or
damaged air cleaner components.
NOTE: Operating the engine with loose or damaged
air cleaner components could allow unfiltered
air into the engine causing premature wear
and failure.
Service Precleaner
If so equipped, wash and reoil the precleaner every
25 hours of operation (more often under extremely
dusty or dirty conditions).
1. Remove wing nut(s), and air cleaner cover.
2. Remove precleaner from paper element.
Oil Sentry™
Pressure Switch
3. Wash the precleaner in warm water with
detergent. Rinse the precleaner thoroughly until all
traces of detergent are eliminated. Squeeze out
excess water (do not wring). Allow the precleaner
to air dry.
4. Saturate precleaner in clean, fresh engine oil and
squeeze out excess oil.
Oil Filter
Figure 6. Oil Filter and Optional Oil Sentry™ Switch.
5. Reinstall precleaner over paper element.
6. Reinstall air cleaner cover and wing nut(s).
Tighten wing nut(s) 1/2 to 1 full turn after nut
contacts cover. Do not overtighten.
7. When precleaner replacement is necessary
always use genuine Kohler parts.
9
Service Paper Element
Every 100 hours of operation (more often under
extremely dusty or dirty conditions), replace the
element.
1. Remove wing nut(s), air cleaner cover, seals, and
element cover. Remove the air cleaner element
with precleaner. Remove the precleaner from the
element and service as necessary.
2. Do not wash the paper element or use
pressurized air, as this will damage the element.
Replace a dirty, bent, or damaged element with a
genuine Kohler element. Handle new elements
carefully; do not use if the sealing surfaces are
bent or damaged.
3. With air cleaner disassembled, check the base
plate. Make sure it is secured and not bent or
damaged. Also check the element cover, seals,
and breather tube for damage or improper fit.
Replace all damaged components.
NOTE: Operating the engine with damaged or
loose components could allow unfiltered
air into the engine causing premature
wear and failure.
4. Reinstall the paper element.
Check Spark Plug
Every 100 hours of operation, remove the spark plugs,
check condition, and reset gaps or replace with new
plugs as necessary. Use a Champion® type RV17YC
(or equivalent) spark plug.
1. Before removing spark plugs, clean the area
around base of plugs to keep dirt and debris out of
the engine.
2. Remove plugs and check condition. Replace
plugs if worn or reuse is questionable.
NOTE: Do not clean the spark plug in a machine
using abrasive grit. Some grit could
remain in the spark plug and enter the
engine causing extensive wear and
damage.
3. Check gaps using a wire feeler gauge. Adjust the
gaps to 0.035 in. (0.89 mm) by carefully bending
the ground electrode. See Figure 8.
4. Reinstall spark plugs into the cylinder heads.
Torque spark plugs to 10-15 ft. lb. (14-20 N·m).
Wire Gauge
Spark Plug
5. If so equipped, install the precleaner (washed and
oiled) over paper element.
6. Reinstall element cover, seals, air cleaner cover
and wing nut(s). Tighten wing nut(s) 1/2 to 1 full
turn after nuts contacts cover. Do not overtighten.
7. When air cleaner element replacement is
necessary always use genuine Kohler parts.
Clean Air Intake/Cooling Areas
To ensure proper cooling, make sure the grass screen,
cooling fins, and other external surfaces of the engine
are kept clean at all times.
Every 50 hours of operation (more often under
extremely dusty, dirty conditions), remove the blower
housing and other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling
fins and external surfaces as necessary. Make sure the
cooling shrouds are reinstalled.
NOTE: Operating the engine with a blocked grass
screen, dirty or plugged cooling fins, and/or
cooling shrouds removed, will cause engine
damage due to overheating.
10
Ground
Electrode
Figure 8. Servicing Spark Plug.
0.035 in.
(0.89 mm) Gap
Battery Charging
WARNING: Explosive Gas!
Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas while being
charged. To prevent a fire or explosion, charge
batteries only in well ventilated areas. Keep sparks,
open flames, and other sources of ignition away from
the battery at all times. Keep batteries out of the reach
of children. Remove all jewelry when servicing
batteries.
Before disconnecting the negative (–) ground cable,
make sure all switches are OFF. If ON, a spark will
occur at the ground cable terminal which could cause
an explosion if hydrogen gas or gasoline vapors are
present.
NOTE: Do not apply 12 volt DC to kill terminal of
ignition module as module will burn out.
Fuel Filter
Some engines are equipped with an in-line fuel filter.
Periodically inspect the filter and replace with a
genuine Kohler filter every 200 operating hours.
Carburetor Troubleshooting
and Adjustments
M18 and M20 engines are equipped with one of two
basic types of carburetors – Kohler or Walbro – fixed
main jet or adjustable main jet.
The carburetor is designed to deliver the correct
fuel-to-air mixture to the engine under all operating
conditions. The main fuel and idle fuel needles on
adjustable jet carburetors are set at the factory and
normally do not require further adjustment. On fixed jet
carburetors, the low idle fuel needle is also set at the
factory and normally does not need further adjustment.
The main fuel jet is calibrated and installed at the
factory and is not adjustable.*
*NOTE: Engines operating at altitudes above
approximately 1830 m (6000 ft.), may require
a special ‘‘high altitude’’ main jet. See your
Kohler Engine Service Dealer for further
information.
Troubleshooting
If engine troubles are experienced that appear to be
fuel system related, check the following areas before
adjusting the carburetor.
• Make sure the fuel tank is filled with clean, fresh
gasoline.
• Make sure the fuel tank cap vent is not blocked
and that it is operating properly.
• If the fuel tank is equipped with a shut-off valve,
make sure it is open.
• If the engine is equipped with an in-line fuel filter,
make sure it is clean and unobstructed. Replace
the filter if necessary.
• Make sure fuel is reaching the carburetor. This
includes checking the fuel lines and fuel pump for
restrictions or faulty components, replace as
necessary.
• Make sure the air cleaner element is clean and all
air cleaner element components are fastened
securely.
If, after checking the items listed above, the engine is
hard to start, runs roughly, or stalls at low idle speed, it
may be necessary to adjust or service the carburetor.
NOTE: Carburetor adjustments should be made only
after the engine has warmed up.
Kohler Carburetor Adjustment
1. With the engine stopped, turn the low idle fuel and
main fuel adjusting needles in (clockwise) until
they bottom lightly.
NOTE: The tip of the idle fuel and main fuel
adjusting needles are tapered to critical
dimensions. Damage to the needles and
the seats in carburetor body will result if
the needles are forced.
2. Preliminary Settings: Turn the adjusting needles
out (counterclockwise) from lightly bottomed to
the positions shown in the chart below.
Kohler Adjustable Jet
M18
M20
Low Idle
Main Fuel
1 turn
1 turn
2-1/2 turns
2-1/2 turns
11
3. Start the engine and run at half throttle for 5 to 10
minutes to warm up. The engine must be warm
before making final settings (steps 4, 5, 6, and 7).
4. Main Fuel Needle Setting: This adjustment is
required for adjustable main jet carburetors only. If
the carburetor is a fixed main jet type, refer to
Walbro adjustment.
Set the adjusting needle midway between the rich
and lean settings.
Lean
Adjust To
Midpoint
Place the throttle into the ‘‘fast’’ position. If
possible, place the engine underload.
Rich
Turn the main fuel adjusting needle out
(counterclockwise) from the preliminary setting
until the engine speed decreases (rich). Note the
position of the needle.
Now turn the adjusting needle in (clockwise). The
engine speed may increase, then it will decrease
as the needle is turned in (lean). Note the position
of the needle.
Set the adjusting needle midway between the rich
and lean settings.
5. Low Idle Speed Setting: Place the throttle control
into the “idle” or “slow” position. Set the low idle
speed to 1200 RPM* (± 75 RPM) by turning the
low idle speed adjusting screw in or out. Check
the speed using a tachometer.
Figure 9.
7. Recheck the idle speed using a tachometer.
Readjust the speed as necessary.
Walbro Carburetor Adjustment
In general, turning the adjusting needles in (clockwise)
decreases the supply of fuel to the carburetor. This
gives a leaner fuel-to-air mixture. Turning the
adjustment needles out (counterclockwise) increases
the supply of fuel to the carburetor.
Idle Speed Screw
*NOTE: The actual low idle speed depends on the
application – refer to equipment
manufacturers recommendations. The
recommended low idle speed for basic
engines is 1200 RPM. To ensure best
results when setting the low idle fuel
needle, the low idle speed must not
exceed 1500 RPM.
6. Low Idle Fuel Needle Setting: Place the throttle
into the “idle” or “slow” position.
Turn the low idle fuel adjusting needle out
(counterclockwise) from the preliminary setting
until the engine speed decreases (rich). Note the
position of the needle.
Now turn the adjusting needle in (clockwise). The
engine speed may increase, then it will decrease
as the needle is turned in (lean). Note the position
of the needle.
Low Idle
Fuel Needle
Main Fuel Needle
Figure 10.
NOTE: The tip of the low idle fuel and main fuel
adjusting needles are tapered to critical
dimensions. Damage to the needles and the
seats in carburetor body will result if the
needles are forced.
1. With the engine stopped, turn the adjusting
needle(s) in (clockwise) until it bottoms lightly.
2. Preliminary Settings: Turn the adjusting
needle(s) out (counterclockwise) from lightly
bottomed as shown in the chart or page 13, or to
the rich side of adjustment.
12
Walbro Fixed Jet
Low Idle
1-1/4 turns
1-1/4 turns
M18
M20
M18
M20
Walbro Adjustable Jet
Low Idle
Main Fuel
1-1/4 turns
1-1/4 turns
1-1/4 turns
1 turn
3. Start the engine and run at half throttle for five to
ten minutes to warm up. The engine must be
warm before making final settings.
4. Main Fuel Needle Setting: This adjustment is
required only for adjustable main jet carburetors. If
the carburetor is a fixed main jet type, disregard
this setting.
Place the throttle into the ‘‘fast’’ position.
Turn the adjusting needle in (clockwise). The
engine speed may increase, then it will decrease
as the needle is turned in (lean). Note the position
of the needle. Back the needle out approximately
1/8 to 1/4 turn. See Figure 11 below for best main
fuel performance.
5. Low Idle Speed Setting: Place the throttle control
into the ‘‘idle’’ or ‘‘slow’’ position. Set the low idle
speed to 1200 RPM* (± 75 RPM) by turning the
low idle speed adjusting screw in or out. Check
the speed using a tachometer.
*NOTE: The actual low idle speed depends on the
application. Refer to the equipment
manufacturers instructions for specific
low idle speed settings. To ensure best
results when setting the low idle fuel
needle, the low idle speed must not
exceed 1500 RPM.
6. Low Idle Fuel Needle Setting: Place the throttle
into the ‘‘idle’’ or ‘‘slow’’ position.
Turn the adjusting needle in (clockwise). The
engine speed may increase, then it will decrease
as the needle is turned in (lean). Note the position
of the needle.
Back the needle out approximately 1/8 to 1/4 turn.
See Figure 12 below for best low idle fuel
performance.
Back out Approx.
1/8 to 1/4 turn.
Lean
Lean
Back out Approx.
1/8 to 1/4 turn.
Lean
Lean
Figure 12. Optimum Low Idle Fuel Setting.
Figure 11. Optimum Main Fuel Setting.
13
Troubleshooting
When troubles occur, be sure to check the simple causes which, at first, may seem to obvious to be considered.
For example, a starting problem could be caused by an empty fuel tank. Some common causes of engine troubles
are listed in the following table.
Do not attempt to service or replace major engine components, or any items that require special timing or
adjustment procedures. Have your Kohler Engine Service Dealer do this work.
Possible Cause No
Problem
Fuel
Will Not Start
•
Hard Starting
•
Stops Suddenly •
Lacks Power
Operates Erratically
Knocks or Pings
Skips or Misfires
Backfires
Overheats
High Fuel Consumption
Improper
Fuel
•
•
•
•
•
Dirt In
Dirty
Fuel Line Grass Screen
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Incorrect
Oil Level
Engine
Overloaded
Dirty Air
Cleaner
Faulty
Spark Plug
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Storage
Parts Ordering
If the engine will be out of service for two months or
more, use the following storage procedure:
The engine Specification, Model, and Serial Numbers
are required when ordering replacement parts from
your Kohler Engine Service Dealer. These numbers are
found on the identification plate which is affixed to the
engine shrouding. Include letter suffixes if there are
any. See “Engine Identification Numbers” on
page 5.
1. Clean the exterior surfaces of the engine.
2. Change the oil and filter while the engine is still
warm from operation. See “Change Oil and Oil
Filter” on page 8.
3. The fuel system must be completely emptied, or
the gasoline must be treated with a stabilizer to
prevent deterioration. If you choose to use a
stabilizer, follow the manufacturers
recommendations, and add the correct amount for
the capacity of the fuel system. Fill the fuel tank
with clean, fresh gasoline. Run the engine for 2-3
minutes to get stabilized fuel into the carburetor.
To empty the system, run the engine until the fuel
tank and system are empty.
4. Remove the spark plugs. Add one tablespoon of
engine oil into each spark plug hole. Install plugs,
but do not connect the plug leads. Crank the
engine two or three revolutions.
5. Store the engine in a clean, dry place.
Always insist on genuine Kohler parts. All genuine
Kohler parts meet strict standards for fit, reliability, and
performance.
Major Repair
Major repair information is available in Kohler Engine
Service Manuals. However, major repair generally
requires the attention of a trained mechanic and the
use of special tools and equipment. Your Kohler
Engine Service Dealer has the facilities, training, and
genuine Kohler replacement parts necessary to
perform this service. For Sales & Service assistance
call 1-800-544-2444 (U.S. & Canada) or contact your
Kohler Engine Dealer or Service Distributor, they’re in
the Yellow Pages under Engines-Gasoline.
Model Designation
Model M18S for example: M indicates MAGNUM
engine, 18 indicates horsepower. Letter suffixes
following the model numbers designates a specific
version, as follows:
Suffix
Q
S
G
14
Designates
Quiet Model
Electric Start
Tapered Crankshaft
(Generator Application)
Specifications
Model: ............................................................................................. M18 .............................. M20
Bore: ................................................. inches (millimeters) ............. 3.12 (79.2) ................... 3.12 (79.2)
Stroke: ............................................... inches (millimeters) ............. 2.75 (69.85) ................. 3.06 (78.0)
Displacement: ............... cubic inches (cubic centimeters) ............. 42.18 (691.3) ............... 46.98 (769.8)
Power (@3600 RPM): .................. horsepower (kilowatts) ............. 18 (13.4) ...................... 20 (14.9)
Weight: ..................................................... lbs. (kilograms) ............. 130 (59.0) .................... 130 (59.0)
Oil Capacity: ........................................ U.S. quarts (liters) ............. 1.5 (1.4)1 ...................... 1.5 (1.4)1
Spark Plug Gap: ................................ inches (millimeters) ............. 0.035 (0.89) ................. 0.035 (0.89)
Spark Plug Type: ............................... Champion or Equiv. ............. RV17YC ....................... RV17YC
An additional 1/2 U.S. pint (0.24 L) required when oil filter is changed. For best results, fill to the ‘‘F’’ mark on the dipstick as
opposed to adding a given quantity of oil.
1
LIMITED 2 YEAR MAGNUM ENGINE WARRANTY
Kohler Co. warrants to the original consumer that each new MAGNUM engine sold by Kohler Co. will be free from manufacturing defects
in materials or workmanship in normal service for a period of two (2) years from date of purchase, provided it is operated and maintained
in accordance with Kohler Co.’s instructions and manuals.
Our obligation under this warranty is expressly limited, at our option, to the replacement or repair at Kohler Co., Kohler, Wisconsin 53044,
or at a service facility designated by us, of such part or parts as inspection shall disclose to have been defective.
EXCLUSIONS:
Mufflers on engines used commercially (non-residential) are warranted for one (1) year from date of purchase, except catalytic mufflers,
which are warranted for two (2) years.
This warranty does not apply to defects caused by casualty or unreasonable use, including faulty repairs by others and failure to provide
reasonable and necessary maintenance.
The following items are not covered by this warranty:
Engine accessories, such as fuel tanks, clutches, transmissions, power drive assemblies, and batteries, unless supplied or installed by
Kohler Co. These are subject to the warranties, if any, of their manufacturers.
KOHLER CO. AND/OR THE SELLER SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, including but not limited to labor costs or transportation charges in connection with the repair or replacement
of defective parts.
IMPLIED OR STATUTORY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, ARE EXPRESSLY LIMITED TO THE DURATION OF THIS WRITTEN WARRANTY. We make no other express warranty, nor
is any one authorized to make any on our behalf.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE:
Purchaser must bring the engine to an authorized Kohler service facility. To locate the nearest facility, visit our website,
www.kohlerengines.com, and click on SALES AND SERVICES to use the locator function, consult your Yellow Pages or telephone
1-800-544-2444.
ENGINE DIVISION, KOHLER CO., KOHLER, WISCONSIN 53044
15
FORM NO.: 52 590 02
ISSUED:
12/04
REVISED:
MAILED:
LITHO IN U.S.A.
FOR SALES AND SERVICE INFORMATION
IN U.S. AND CANADA, CALL 1-800-544-2444
ENGINE DIVISION, KOHLER CO., KOHLER, WISCONSIN 53044
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