Dali AW 8 Technical data

Dali AW 8 Technical data
www.osram.de
02/2014
Technical
application guide
QUICKTRONIC®
Intelligent DALI DIM
Light is OSRAM
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Contents
Contents
1 Introduction
04
4 Additional properties of dimmable control gears
1.1 Dimmable lighting installations
04
from OSRAM
1.1.1 Economy
04
4.1 OSRAM DALI/1…10 V-ECGs: Added value through intelligent
1.1.2 Light comfort
04
features
20
1.1.3 Reliability/Safety
05
4.2 OSRAM DALI ECG and Touch DIM interface
21
1.1.4 The right control unit for every application
05
4.2.1 Setting Touch DIM Function parameters
21
4.2.2 Automatic lamp switch-off at suffi cient light level
21
22
20
2 Overview of dimmable control gears
06
4.2.3 Wiring and cable compensation
2.1 Block diagrams of a digital/analog dimmable ECGs
06
4.2.3.1 Operating parameters for Touch DIM and Corridor
2.1.1 Block diagram of a digital dimmable ECG with DALI interface
06
functionality
23
4.2.3.2 Interference compensation (for wiring > 25 m)
23
24
2.1.2 Block diagram of an analog dimmable ECG with
1…10-V interface
06
4.2.4 Touch DIM operation
2.2 DALI in comparison to 1…10 V and KNX/LON
07
4.2.5 Operating modes with Touch DIM
24
2.2.1 DALI and 1…10-V properties
07
4.2.6 Asynchronism
24
2.3 Installation and wiring instructions for dimmable
luminaires/lighting installations
08
2.3.1 Burn-in instructions, wire insulation
4.2.7 Synchronization
24
4.2.8 Avoiding asynchronisms: DALI repeater
25
4.2.9 Behavior after power voltage disruption
25
and voltage loads
08
4.3 OSRAM DALI ECGs in emergency lighting applications (EL –
2.3.2 Safety and installation instructions
08
Emergency Lighting)
2.3.3 Wiring instructions for dimmable luminaires –
suppression of radio interference
25
4.3.1 Power failure in sub-distributor (SD)
08
2.3.4 Wiring instructions for dimmable luminaires
general illumination
26
4.3.2 DC emergency lighting operation in the event of
when operating multiple ECGs in a luminaire
09
power failure in main distributor (MD) ➔ battery operation
2.3.5 Wiring examples for dimmable control gears
10
4.3.3 DC emergency lighting operation without additional
2.4 The DALI interface – technical details
12
external monitoring module (e.g.: CEAG 2L-CG-SB) by
2.4.1 Simplifi ed installation
12
shutting down the DALI control units
2.4.2 Construction site operation
12
4.3.4 Advantages of OSRAM DALI control gears in
2.4.3 Advantages of DALI ECG with group assignment
12
emergency lighting applications
2.4.4 Integrated scene memory
12
4.4 OSRAM DALI magic and OSRAM DALI Wizard
27
2.4.5 ECG status report
12
4.5 Basic circuits in 1…10-V control gears
28
2.4.6 Switching relay no longer necessary
12
4.5.1 “Standby” operating modes with the 1…10-V interface
28
2.4.7 Addressing is not a must
12
4.5.1.1 Applications
28
2.4.8 The DALI system principle
12
4.5.1.2 Control via analog output
30
2.4.9 The DALI topology
12
4.5.1.3 Matching circuit
30
2.4.10 DALI parameters in the ECG
13
4.5.1.4 Control via KNX
30
2.4.11 Transmission wire requirements
13
4.6 Special circuit diagrams, tips and tricks for the
2.4.12 Connection diagram for the DALI ECGs
13
1…10-V interface
2.4.13 DALI data transmission
14
4.6.1 Temperature-dependent control
30
2.4.14 Behavior in the event of failure
14
4.6.2 Limiting top and bottom control voltage
30
2.5 The DALI dimming curve
14
4.6.3 Line length of the 1…10-V control line
31
2.5.1 Logarithmic dimming curve
14
4.6.4 1…10-V DIM ECGs and emergency lighting
31
2.5.2 Linear dimming curve
14
4.7 Terminals/cable cross sections/wire stripping
31
4.7.1 Pressing in and loosening the connection cables
32
32
2.6 Features and performance characteristics
26
26
27
30
of the digital interface
15
4.7.2 Cable cross sections
2.7 Properties of the 1…10-V interface
15
4.7.3 Basic insulation
32
2.7.1 The 1…10-V dimming curve
16
4.7.4 Sockets
32
4.7.5 Master/slave circuit
32
3 New properties of QTi DALI
17
4.7.6 Minimum refl ector distances
32
3.1 Corridor Function and parametrization options
17
4.8 Temperature behavior of dimmable ECGs from OSRAM
33
3.1.1 Description
17
4.8.1 Intelligent thermal management allows operation
3.1.2 Activating the Corridor Function
18
in a wide ambient temperature range through
3.1.3 Changing from the Corridor Function
power reduction control
33
18
4.8.2 Color temperature
35
3.1.4 Setting Corridor Function parameters
18
4.8.3 Outdoor applications
35
3.2 Touch DIM Function
18
4.8.4 Functional testing for luminaires
35
3.3 Emergency lighting: DC voltage detection, EL (optional)
19
4.9 Dimming amalgam lamps with OSRAM ECGs
36
3.4 SMART GRID and management
19
4.9.1 Falling below the min. dimmer setting at low temperatures
37
3.5 POWER2LAMP power matching (optional)
19
4.9.2 The advantages of amalgam technology
37
to the Touch DIM Function
2
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Contents
5 System power consumption and dimmer setting
39
6 Dimming compact fl uorescent lamps
40
6.1 Characteristics of the new OSRAM KLL ECGs
41
7 The DALI Group
42
8 Tender documents
43
9 Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
45
9.1 DALI part
45
9.1.1 Touch DIM and Corridor Function
45
9.1.2 DALI in general
45
9.1.3 Converter from DALI to 1…10 V
47
9.1.4 Troubleshooting Touch DIM mode
47
9.1.5 Troubleshooting DALI control gears
47
9.1.6 Converter from DALI to 1…10 V
47
9.2 1…10-V DIM ECG part
47
9.2.1 Troubleshooting 1…10 V
48
10 Appendix
49
10.1 Inrush currents and maximum number of ECGs with
circuit breakers (B characteristics), measured at U N = 230 VAC
49
10.1.1 Trigger thresholds B/C characteristics
49
10.2 DALI fade time and fade rate
49
10.3 Lamp wirings
50
10.4 Design/dimensions
51
10.5 Operating parameters of lamp/ECG combinations
52
10.6 Energy classifi cations
55
10.7 Overview of the DALI standard (IEC 62386)
55
10.8 Installation instructions for the Corridor Function
56
11 General application note
59
3
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Introduction
1 Introduction
1.1 Dimmable lighting installations
Dimmable electronic control gears (DIM ECGs) are playing
an increasingly important role in all modern lighting technology applications. Dimmable ECGs from OSRAM integrated into the building management are at the heart of an
intelligent lighting system that creates up to 80% energy
savings compared to solutions with conventional control
gears. The reason for this is that many requirements for
lighting installations can be easily and elegantly realized
with a light management system. Economy, light comfort,
reliability and safety are the driving forces behind it.
Worldwide energy savings potential with
dimmable control gears
Changing from CCG (T8) > ECG (T8) >
DIM ECG (T5) > DIM ECG with sensor (T5)
100 %
200 million tons CO2
80 % energy savings =
80 % CO2 reduction
400
350
75 %
300
250
200
50 %
150
40 million tons CO2
100
1.1.1 Economy
— Intelligent, energy-saving concepts in building management considerably reduce lighting costs:
— Up to 50 % lower power consumption than when
operated with magnetic, conventional control gears
(CCG operation)
— More than 50 % longer lifetime than conventional
control gears (CCGs) and low-loss conventional
control gears (LLCG) as a result of gentle operation
— Low maintenance costs
— Reduction of energy costs for air-conditioning units
by reducing the cooling load
20 %
50
0
CCG
ECG
DIM ECG
DIM ECG and
sensor
1.1.2 Lighting comfort
— Lighting situations at the touch of a button (lighting
scenes), including integrated motion detection and daylight/time-dependent control increase lighting comfort.
The properties of a high-quality dimmable ECG include:
— Flicker-free start
— Pleasant, continuously dimmable (1(3)…100 %)
and flicker-free light without stroboscopic effects
— Practically free of noise, no annoying humming from
choke in CCG/LLCG
— No flashing of faulty lamps
— Automatic restart after lamp replacement
— Easy of use, feedback to the control unit and settings
for personal lighting values create individuality
Worldwide energy savings potential with dimmable
control gears
— Intelligent components:
— Extremely low standby energy demand (< 0.2 W)
— SMART GRID
— POWER2LAMP
— Emergency lighting (EL)
— Corridor function
— Touch DIM function
Power consumption
100
Power consumption
Daylight
intensity
0
Presence
Time
8:00
Energy
consumption*
12:00
20:00
Energy savings of up to 80 % with daylight and motion detection light
management system
* With daylight and motion detection light management system
4
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Introduction
Advanced technical developments have made this possible. Modern dimmable ECGs with digital (DALI = Digital
Addressable Lighting Interface) or analog (1…10 V) interface in combination with the corresponding control elements and sensors lay the foundations for easy and
cost-effective realization.
1.1.3 Reliability/Safety
— Reliability and safety play a crucial role when using
electronic control gears. The properties of a high-quality
dimmable ECG include:
— Preheating of the lamp filaments
— Reliable lamp ignition to -20 °C ambient temperature 1)
— Reliable lamp operation in a temperature range of
-20 °C to 75 °C
— Reliable shutdown of the ECG in the event of failure,
in particular at “end of life” (EOL, safety shutdown of
the lamp at the end of its lifetime)
— Complies with all currently valid ECG standards:
— Safety (EN 61347) incl. EL symbols (Appendix J)
— Operation (EN 60929)
— Mains current line harmonics (EN 61000-3-2)
— Radio interference from 9 kHz to 300 MHz
(EN 55015:2006 + A1:2007)/CDN measurement
in the frequency range above 30 MHz
— Immunity (EN 61547)
1.1.4 The right control unit for every application
The dimmable ECGs are designed for multifaceted use.
Typical applications are, for example, offices and industrial
halls with daylight-dependent controllers, conference and
meeting rooms with situation-based lighting or CAD rooms
and switch rooms with individual adjustment of the level of
light. The core of the lighting installation are the dimmable
QUICKTRONIC® Intelligent ECGs from OSRAM with DALI
or 1…10 V interface (QTi DALI/DIM) for operating compact
and fluorescent lamps. These are controlled via a control
unit, a sensor or simple push-button/rotary dimmer. The
selection of the correct dimmer components to control the
lighting depends on the desired application. The requirement profile for the dimmable lighting installation therefore
needs to be defined in detail.
1) With 10 % dimmer setting ➔ max. power output ECG on the lamp
5
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
2 Overview of dimmable control gears
2.1 Block diagrams of a digital/analog
dimmable ECGs 2)
2.1.1 Block diagram of a digital dimmable ECG with DALI interface
The EMC filter and safety shutdown are important components of a high-quality dimmable control gear
+
≈/=
EMC filter
≈/=
Rectifi er
+
PFC
–
=
–
Inverter
and filament
heating
Lamp
DALI interface
μC & Memory
DALI
Safety shutdown
Lamp control
Filament heating control
2.1.2 Block diagram of an analog dimmable ECG with 1…10-V interface
The EMC filter and safety shutdown are important components of a high-quality dimmable control gear
+
≈/=
EMC filter
≈/=
Rectifi er
+
PFC
–
=
–
Inverter
and filament
heating
Lamp
+
1…10 V DIM interface
–
Safety shutdown
Lamp control
Filament heating control
2) • EMC filter for HF interference from 9 kHz to 300 MHz
• PFC: “Power factor correction” = correction of the line harmonics
• Inverter: Half-bridge driver with resonance cycle (40 kHz–120 kHz)
• Safety shutdown incl. “end of life” detection
6
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
2.2 DALI in comparison to 1…10 V and KNX/LON
DALI closes the gap between the previous 1…10-V technology and complex bus systems. On the one hand, DALI offers a very simple local solution – on the other hand, however, it can also be integrated into a building management
system as a sub-system.
2.2.1 DALI and 1…10-V properties
The defined physical properties at the interface as well as
the properties of the interface cable as the transmission
medium form the basis of every control system. Interference of the data transmission is largely ruled out for DALI
thanks to a generously designed interference voltage distance as well as the wide ranges for digital “low” and
“high”. This means that shielded control lines are not required. As with the 1…10-V interface, the mains and control
inputs are galvanically separated in the ECGs. Safety extralow voltage (SELV) was intentionally not used in order to
make a cost-effective installation possible without having to
lay additional special lines and cable bushings. For example, a 5-x-1.5-mm2 NYM can be used for the main cable
and DALI.
1…10 V, DALI and KNX/LON overview
DALI and 1…10-V interface in comparison
Modern lighting technology requires a system that is as
flexible as it is simple and one which concentrates on the
room-based light management system with few cost-effective components, simple wiring, and a user-friendly operating concept. For this purpose, the photometric industry has
developed the new digital communication standard for
lighting systems:
Functions
KNX/LON
DALI
1…10 V
DALI
1…10 V
Floating control input,
basic insulation
Floating control input,
basic insulation
Two-wire line (polarity-free)
Two-wire line (with polarity +/-)
Addressing possible:
Cannot be addressed
• Individually (max. 64 addresses) • Wiring in groups is necessary
• In groups (max. 16)
• All together
➔ Wiring in groups not
necessary
Costs
With the materials and means of traditional electrical installations and even with the widely used analog 1…10-V interface, these requirements are challenging to achieve and
only at great expense. A multitude of components needs to
be used in order to modify a programmed scene while
simultaneously enabling flexible group assignment and,
where possible, integrating this into a daylight-dependent
control.
Scene memory (max. 16)
Not possible
Individual addressing of the
DALI ECG
Not possible
Status messages from the
DALI control gears
• Lamp malfunctions
• Operating duration
• Dimmer setting
Not possible
Individual dimming options
Not possible
• Saving the last dimming value as
the starting value
“Switching” via interface
External mains voltage changeover switch (e.g. relay)
Additional features:
Not possible
Corridor and Touch DIM Function,
emergency lighting (EL) and
POWER2LAMP possible
7
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
2.3 Installation and wiring instructions for dimmable
luminaires/lighting installations
2.3.1 Burn-in instructions, wire insulation and
voltage loads
— New lamps must be burned in for 100 hours at full power to achieve formation and basic stabilization. Interruptions while burning-in are permitted. Without burn-in,
lamps may flicker and premature burn-outs or low lifetimes may be caused. For measurements in accordance
with IEC 60081, the lamps also need to be burned in accordingly to achieve maximum luminous flux and optimal lamp stability.
— Dimming is generally only possible with filament preheating. The filament temperature must be constantly
maintained through additional heating; otherwise, effects such as wolfram erosion (sputtering) or increased
condensation in the emitter materials can occur.
— The control input (DALI as well as 1…10 V) is separated
from the mains (230 V voltage-proof) through basic insulation (not SELV). The mains cable and control lines may
therefore be conducted together in a 5-core NYM cable.
Note (according to DIN VDE 0100/11.85, T520,
section 528.11) 1):
— Cables or wires used must be insulated against the
highest operating voltage or each wire of a multicore cable/multi-strand wire must be insulated
against the next voltage occurring in the cable/wire.
— If multi-wire cables are laid in cabling tubes or channels, only the wires of a main current circuit and
those of the associated auxiliary circuits may be laid
together.
— Several main current circuits and their associated
auxiliary current circuits may be combined in a cable
(according to DIN VDE 0100/11.85, T 520, section
528.11).
— Cables and terminals must be used for installation which
are approved for the mains voltage (230 V).
— The installation must be executed in such a way that all
signal and control lines are shut down when the mains
voltage shuts down.
— All components of the mains current and control current
circuits must be designed for a 250-V working voltage
to ground.
— All luminaires may be wired in connection with OSRAM
DALI/DIM ECGs with H05 cables as long as the U-OUT
is not exceeded by 430 Veff – and additionally tested
in an isolation test (acc. to VDE). OSRAM QUICKTRONIC® DALI/DIM ECGs also do not exceed 430 Veff
for T5-Ø-16 mm HE and HO fluorescent lamps.
1) According to DIN VDE 0100, part 520, section 528.11, main current
circuits and their associated auxiliary current circuits may be laid together, even if the auxiliary current circuits conduct a lower voltage
than the main current circuits.
8
2.3.2 Safety and installation instructions
Installation and maintenance of electronic control
gears only by qualified electricians
Disconnect the electronic
control gear from the mains
voltage before carrying out
maintenance work
Only operate indoors or outdoors with a suitable type of
protection
2.3.3 Wiring instructions for dimmable luminaires –
suppression of radio interference
Replacing dimmable ECGs is only approved for luminaires
of protection class I (PC I) because sufficient earthing is
only guaranteed here.
Note
When dimming, the operating frequency of the lamp increases at the same time as the lamp voltage, which leads
to increased leakage currents. Leakage currents emerging
from the lamp always flow back into the ECG, because the
electrical circuit must be closed. In order to keep the cablerelated interferences to a minimum, the leakage current is
offered another return path, the protective earth (= housing)
and the PE connection of the ECG. In short: Interferencefree dimming is not possible without protective earth. Dimmable ECGs only work in PC I luminaires and not in PC II
luminaires, because the latter do not have a protective contact. Connecting the dimmable ECG to the functional earth
is not permitted.
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
Protection class I luminaires
Maximum line lengths between dimmable ECGs and
lamps
Radio interference suppression with PC I
L N
R
Lamp
ECG
PE
Hot ends*
1-lamp 21, 22
1-lamp 26, 27
2-lamp 21, 22, 23
2-lamp 24, 25, 26, 27
T5
1.5 m
1.0 m
T8
1.5 m (2 m HF DIM)
DULUX D/E, T/E
Earthed metal plate or reflector
Cold ends*
1.0 m (1.5 m HF DIM)
All 0.5 m
* “Hot ends” are the lamp cables which have the highest potential
relative to the switching ground or protective earth. The other lamp
cables (“cold ends”) have a lower potential relative to the earth.
The maximum 50-Hz leakage current of the ECG over the
leakage current circuit breaker (FI switch) is 0.5 mA.
— Mains and control lines may be routed together and
should be laid tightly against the luminaire wall.
— Mains and control lines may not be laid close to the
lamp cables.
— If crossing mains and lamp cables is unavoidable, they
should cross vertically.
— Do not lay PE wires with the lamp cables.
— Do not use shielded lamp cables (reduction of capacitive leakage currents).
— The OSRAM DALI/DIM ECG must always be mounted
near the lamp(s) to keep lamp cables short and thus
attain good radio protection.
Notes
— Maximum lamp cable length of the “hot end”
(higher potential to ground): T5, T8: 1 m/DULUX: 0.5 m
— Lamp cables that are too long cause the following
problems:
— Poorer radio interference suppression
— Unreliable lamp detection (not with T8)
— Poorer synchronization on the 2-lamp OSRAM DALI/
DIM ECG
— Lay the lamp cables close to one another and near the
lamp.
— Lamp cables may neither be laid in metal pipes, nor may
they be shielded.
— The lines of the different lamp ends must be routed
separately.
— With multi-lamp OSRAM DALI/DIM-ECGs, the lines to
the respective lamp ends must be equal in length to
avoid differences in brightness.
— When dimming with fluorescent lamps, the maximum of
the lamp voltage is reached due to the negative voltage
characteristic line in the lower dimming range (3 %-10 %).
Note
— Maximum capacity of a pair of filament wires to ground:
— T8/DL: 150 pF
— T5: 75 pF
— Maximum capacity between “hot” and “cold”:
— T5: 15 pF
— T8: 30 pF
2.3.4 Wiring instructions for dimmable luminaires
when operating multiple ECGs in a luminaire
Operating multiple dimmable ECGs in a single luminaire
can lead to interference effects and, therefore, to flickering,
incremental dimming or, in the worst case, the ECG even
shutting down if the design is unfavorable. The reason for
this is the couplings between the lamp current circuits of
multiple ECGs: If a lamp that is running at 100 % couples
only 1 % of its power into the neighboring lamp dimmed to
1 %, this represents an error of 100 %. The same applies to
couplings between a heating circuit, i.e. line-in and line-out
of a lamp side and the neighboring lamp current circuit.
Therefore, maintaining a minimum distance of 12 cm
between the lamp current circuits (lamp and lines) of the
different ECGs is recommended. Where this is not possible, the coupling between the lamp current circuits must
be reduced through especially careful wiring:
— Lay the lamp cables close to the associated lamps so
that the surface which encloses the lamp current circuit
becomes as small as possible. The lamp current circuits
of two ECGs may not overlap.
— Several centimeters distance should be maintained between the lamp cables of the ECGs.
— The “short” lamp cables (see also ECG inscription;
1-lamp 26–27, 2-lamp 24–25, 26–27) should lead to one
side of the lamp and be as short as possible (1 m T5,
T8; 0,5 m T4), the “long” lamp cables to the other side of
the lamp (1-lamp 21–22, 2-lamp 21–22, 21–23).
— Mains and control lines may not be laid close to the
lamp cables to allow smooth operation (avoidance of
unwanted couplings in the control line).
— All mains and control lines may be routed together.
There should, however, be several centimeters distance
between the lamp cables, so that the radio interference
suppression is not affected.
9
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
— The distance between the lamps should be 32 mm;
distances between the lamps and luminaire parts may
never be less than 6 mm. No part of the luminaire should
touch the lamp glass.
2.3.5 Wiring examples for dimmable control gears
Three 1-lamp ECGs
The better these recommendations are implemented, the
quieter and more homogeneous the light at the lowest dimmer setting is and the earlier the full temperature range of
the ECG can be used.
34
34
34
34
34
34
12
12
12
12
12
12
— In the “worst case”, twist the cables of the heating
circuits together and ensure that they are laid close together. In the case of 1-lamp ECGs, these are lines 21–
22 and 26–27, in the case of 2-lamp ECGs, lines 21–22
and 21–23, 24–25 and 26–27. This is especially important if neighboring ECGs are being operated at the lowest dimmer setting (1(3) %).
If problems still occur: Remove all lamps apart from the
one(s) at the “problematic” ECG – this then rules out the errors caused by the other lamps. If the lamp then works
flawlessly in the entire dimming range, the measures for uncoupling to the other lamp (lines) are not yet sufficient.
Correct:
The lamp cables are twisted
and laid close to the respective lamps. None of the
lamp current circuits are
overlapping. The “hot” side
is up, the “cold” side down.
10
Incorrect:
The lamp cables of all ECGs
are laid together and they
also form overlapping lamp
current circuits.
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
Three 2-lamp ECGs
12
12
12
13
13
13
12
12
12
13
13
13
45
45
45
67
67
67
45
45
45
67
67
67
Correct:
The lamp cables are twisted and laid close to the respective lamps. The overlapping of the three lamp current
circuits on the right is minimized.
Incorrect:
The lamp cables of all ECGs are laid together and they also
form overlapping lamp current circuits.
Note
T5 fluorescent lamps should be inserted so that the lamp
stamps are on the same side. The lamp stamp should be
at the bottom (“cold spot”) with a vertical burning position.
In the event of non-compliance, the lamp wattage data can
fluctuate greatly. In any case, the function (as well as the requirements for evenness) should be checked at all dimmer
settings using a sample setup.
11
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
2.4 The DALI interface – technical details
2.4.1 Simplifi ed installation
The DALI installation is carried out with commercial installation material for 230 V mains voltage. Both wires not
required in the case of five-core cables (e.g. NYM 5 x
1.5 mm²) can be used for the DALI interface – without
taking the polarity into account. A separate bus line is
thus unnecessary! ECG and control unit can be operated
in different mains voltage phases.
2.4.2 Construction site operation
Switching the ECGs on or off (even without an installed/
programmed control unit) is possible at any time via the
fuse (basic DALI function). With brand-new ECGs, the light
is always turned on at 100 % luminous flux.
2.4.3 Advantages of DALI ECG with group assignment
Each ECG in the DALI system can be individually and digitally addressed. Upon commissioning, each ECG is allocated the address and group membership. Each ECG can belong to up to 16 groups – including several groups at a
time. The ECGs can be addressed individually, in groups or
all together. The group assignment can be changed at any
time – without interfering in the wiring.
2.4.4 Integrated scene memory
Each ECG can save up to 16 light values, independent of
group memberships which may have been programmed.
Cross-fading between the scenes runs synchronously.
This means that all ECGs begin cross-fading onto the new
scene at the same time and they also end simultaneously
(by variation of the dimming speed).
2.4.5 ECG status report
The control unit can query the condition of each ECG.
Thus, for example, a lamp malfunction (or failure) or the
brightness of a lamp can be determined. The feedback capability of the OSRAM DALI ECG in connection with complex bus systems (KNX, LON) is crucial in building management systems (e. g.: the OSRAM DALI PRO screens lamp
malfunctions and can transmit them via a floating signal
contact; the OSRAM DALI magic (http://www.osram.com/
osram_com/tools-and-services/tools/dali-magic/index.jsp)
offers analysis using Wizard (software)).
2.4.6 Switching relay no longer necessary
The light is switched on and off via the interface. The
previously required external relay for switching can thus
be omitted.
2.4.7 Addressing is not a must
DALI can also be used without being addressed (groups or
individual addresses). The so-called “broadcast mode” is
used here, where all control gears are addressed together.
The IEC 62386 “digital addressable lighting interface”
(DALI) defines the digital communication between control
units and control gears (ECGs). The subsequent chapters
provide an overview of the most important properties of
the DALI interface. Detailed information can be found in
IEC 62386.
12
2.4.8 The DALI system principle
Each control unit works as the “master” and controls the
communication on the control line. In contrast, ECGs may
only answer as the “slave” upon request from the “master”.
DALI is based on the principle of a system of distributed intelligence: An intelligent control unit communicates with intelligent components. The control unit gives, for example,
only one command “Scene 1”, and the addressed ECGs
set the light value stored in their scene memory, whereby
the target value of all ECGs is reached simultaneously.
Cross-fade times as well as scene values are freely programmable.
2.4.9 The DALI topology
All DALI control gears and the control unit are connected in
parallel to the two-pole data line. The wiring can have a star
or tree configuration; only ring configurations are not
allowed for wiring (marked by X in diagram 8). Termination
resistors on the communication line are not required.
DALI topology
DALI control
gear
DALI control
gear
max. 300 m
DALI control
gear
DALI control
gear
DALI control
gear
DALI control
gear
DALI control
unit
DALI control
gear
DALI control
gear
DALI control
gear
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
2.4.10 DALI parameters in the ECG
The following data can be saved in the DALI ECG when a
DALI system is started up:
— Group membership of the DALI ECG (maximum
16 groups, multiple assignment possible)
— Individual addresses for directly addressing each ECG
(max. 64)
— Light values for the individual scenes (max. 16)
— ECG parameters that determine the device behavior:
— Dimming speed
— Behavior in case of failure of the voltage at the
interface (“system failure level”)
— Behavior in case of mains voltage return
(“power-on level”)
In addition to the options named above, it is always possible to address all devices together, even without programming the devices beforehand (construction site function).
2.4.11 Transmission wire requirements
When selecting the cable, it must be ensured that the entire voltage drop does not exceed a value of 2 V at 250 mA
on the control line. Mains supply and control line may also
be routed in the same cable as with 1…10 V. Thus, a 5-core
NYM cable can be used to connect the DALI ECG with no
problem. The maximum total line length of a DALI system
(control unit and connected ECGs) should not exceed
300 m. The required cable cross section for the control line
can be determined according to the following formula:
A [mm 2] = L x I x 0.018
A = Wire cross-section in mm2
L = Cable length in meters
I = max. current of the DALI supply power in A
0.018 = specific resistance of copper
The following is used as a basis for finding the cable crosssection (transmission and supply cable):
Cable length
Up to 100 m
100 m to 150 m
150 m to 300 m
Cable cross
section
0.5 mm2
0.75 mm2
1.5 mm2
Note
Due to the different technical states of the DALI interface in
control units on the market and the different local conditions for installation, limiting the entire line length used in
the system to 300 m is recommended.
2.4.12 Connection diagram for the DALI ECGs
Control units and control gears may be connected to
different mains phases.
Connection diagram for DALI control units
L3
L2
L1
N
PE
L N PE DA DA
DALI control unit
1
2
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
Lamp
1
2
3
4
~
~
DA
DA
3
4
Lamp
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
3
4
Lamp
DA DA PE H L1 L2 L3
13
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
2.4.13 DALI data transmission
For DALI, the data line is supplied by a voltage source with
current limiter. This source can be separately executed or
integrated into another control unit. Typical characteristic
values of the source are an open-circuit voltage of approx.
16 V and a short-circuit current of 250 mA.
A transmitter can modulate the data telegram on the line by
periodically short-circuiting and releasing the line. All connected participants receive the data telegram by evaluating
the voltage on the data line.
For DALI, the data is transferred using the Manchester
code (two-phase code). In doing so, each bit receives an
edge in the middle, which the receiver uses to reconstruct
the transmission clock. The direction of the edge indicates
whether the data bit has a value of 0 or 1. A falling edge
means a logical 0 and a rising edge a logical 1. Access to
the data line is regulated through the defined waiting times
between the individual data packets.
2.4.14 Behavior in the event of failure
When there is no supply voltage at the DALI interface
(control unit defective or switched off), the ECG activates
the “system failure level”. The “system failure level” can be
configured. Upon delivery, the “system failure level” is set to
100 %. After a mains voltage failure, the ECG sets the
“power-on level”. The “power-on level” can be configured.
The “power-on level” is set to 100 % when delivered. The
“system failure level” takes priority over the “power-on level”.
The “system failure level” and “power-on level” can be configured, for example, with the OSRAM DALI Wizard or DALI
magic.
2.5 The DALI dimming curve
2.5.1 Logarithmic dimming curve
The IEC 62386 defines the dimming range of a DALI control
gear from 0.1 to 100 %. The dimming curve is shown in the
following graph. To the eye, this gradation corresponds to
the linear behavior according to the Weber-Fechner Law4).
The dependance of the relative luminous flux
on the digital 8-bit value is described through the
following correlation:
This results in the following graphic correlation:
DALI dimming curve
Luminous flux [%]
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
50
100
150
200
250
Digital light value
Short overview of the most important dimming values
Percentage luminous fl ux
Digital dimming value
0
0
0.1
1
0.5
60
1.0
85
3
126
5
144
10
170
20
195
30
210
40
220
50
229
60
235
70
241
80
246
90
250
100
254
Because not all DALI control gears begin at 0.1 % luminous
flux, the smallest value for DALI ECGs with a 1 % minimum
dimming level is, for example, 85 (equals 1 %). All values
under 85 (except 0 = off) are interpreted as a minimum level
of light. So that no transitions between the individual digital
levels can be seen when dimming, the DALI ECGs from
OSRAM have a digital “smoothing” (additional function QTi
to increase the light comfort, not part of the DALI Standard).
2.5.2 Linear dimming curve
In addition to logarithmic dimming, a linear dimming curve
is also possible with the QTi DALI/DIM.
You can change from a logarithmic dimming curve (factory
setting) to a linear dimming curve with the OSRAM DALI
Wizard and DALI magic.
4) The Weber-Fechner Law states that the subjective strength of
sensations behaves logarithmically relative to the objective intensity
of the physical stimulus.
14
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
2.6 Features and performance characteristics of the
digital interface
— IEC 62386: This allows devices from different manufacturers to be combined. A special feature which should
be noted is that the manufacturers represented in the
DALI Group 5) are continuously expanding the tests defined as standard to guarantee high functional safety.
— Physical user data rate of 1200 bit/s enables a fail-safe
operation 6).
— Safe interference voltage distance: Safe operation
is guaranteed as a result of the generously designed interference voltage distance of the high and low levels.
— Data coding: The Manchester code is used; this allows
transmission errors to be recognized through its structure.
— Maximum system current: The maximum current that
a central interface supply 7) may deliver is 250 mA. Each
control gear may consume max. 2 mA. This must be
taken into account when selecting the interface supply.
— Limited system size: A maximum of 64 control gears
with an individual address can be differentiated in a system.
— Information feedback: ON/OFF, current brightness value of the connected lamps, lamp status etc. are possible.
— Control and supply lines can be laid together: A
minimum cross section of the line must be taken into
account. The maximum line length between two
connected system participants should not exceed
300 meters.
— Floating control input: The control input is galvanically separated from the mains voltage (basic insulation,
however, no safety extra-low voltage (SELV)).
Thus, the ECGs may be operated on different external
wires (phases).
— No termination resistors required: The interface
lines must not be completed with resistors.
— Dimming range 1 %-100 % (the lower limit
depends on the lamp and manufacturer): The progression of the characteristic line is standardized and
adjusted to eye sensitivity (logarithmic characteristic
line). An even impression of brightness results from
standardization when using control gears from different
manufacturers.
— Programmable dimming times: Special settings are
possible, such as the rate of changing the lighting level
(e.g. from 1 % to 100 % dimmer setting).
— Disruption of the data line: Defined light settings are
automatically stored.
— Saving lighting scenes (different group-dependent
dimming conditions): Saving up to 16 scenes is possible.
— Connection to building management systems via
converter: The interface is primarily designed for room
applications; however, it can be integrated into the
building management systems via converters.
— Easy new system confi guration: If the system is set
once and configured, changes to the function of the
system, the lighting scene and the lighting functions are
only a matter of configuration and do not require any
changes to the hardware. Example: Regrouping luminaires in a open-plan office.
— Easy integration of new components. If an existing
lighting system is to be expanded, new components can
be added everywhere within the system. When doing
so, make sure that the system supply is sufficiently dimensioned.
— Polarity-free interface
2.7 Properties of the 1…10-V interface
Note
This chapter refers to OSRAM ECGs, models QTi DIM and
QT DIM, hereafter abbreviated as OSRAM DIM ECG.
— They are controlled via a fail-safe DC voltage signal of
10 V (maximum brightness; open control line) to 1 V
(minimum brightness; control line short-circuited).
— The control power is generated by the ECG
(max. current: 0.6 mA per ECG).
— The voltage on the control line is isolated from the mains
cable (basic insulation), however, without safety extralow voltage (SELV).
— ECGs can be dimmed in different phases via the same
control unit.
Note
The following must be observed due to the properties of
the 1…10-V interface:
— All control lines of an ECG installation must be connected with the correct polarity (+/–).
— The control line is insulated from the mains cable, however, without safety extra-low voltage (SELV). This
means that cables and terminals must be used for the
installation which are approved for 230 V.
— Using a resistor, the control voltage can easily be limited
up or down; several control units can be combined together.
5) Every ECG manufacturer that displays the DALI logo on the ECG is
a member of the DALI Group.
6) 40 command/s and 16 bit ➔ 640 bit/s
7) DALI interface on the control unit:
The DALI interface of the control unit also supplies the DALI interface of the connected DALI components. So that the maximum permissible total current of 250 mA is not exceeded, no additional DALI
supplies or DALI control units may be connected in this system. In
order to not exceed the maximum permissible voltage drop of 2 V,
the cable cross section must be selected according to the table in
the technical data.
15
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Overview of dimmable control gears
— It is possible to test if the ECG is working properly as
follows:
— Switching on the ECG with open control line. The
lamp must ignite and burn at maximum luminous
flux.
— Short-circuiting the control line (wire jumper). The
lamp must burn at minimum brightness.
— Each OSRAM DIM ECG can be used as a normal, nondimmable ECG if a control unit is not connected to the
control line.
— The dimmable ECGs are only dimmed via the 1…10-V
interface; switching is executed via the mains cable.
— The maximum capacity of the control unit (switch output
and 1…10-V output) must be observed.
— The respective connected control unit must be in the
position to absorb the current delivered by the ECGs into the control line (current sink) and minimize the control
voltage. This requirement is fulfilled by the potentiometers, which are dimensioned accordingly, and all
OSRAM control components. Normal power supplies,
converter cards etc. do not necessarily have this property. For screening, connect the control unit, adjust to
the lowest brightness and measure the voltage of the
control line. The setpoint is 1 V or less.
— OSRAM DIM ECGs can not be dimmed via the mains
cable (e.g. with phase alignment, ripple control pulses,
or similar methods).
2.7.1 The 1…10-V dimming curve
The 1…10-V interface is defined in the IEC 60929. Within
the control voltage range of 3 V to 10 V, there is a largely linear correlation to the relative luminous flux. The logarithmic
behavior (analog to the DALI devices) is simulated in the
1…10-V interface through a logarithmic potentiometer.
The 1…10-V characteristic line: Luminous flux
against control voltage
3 %…100 % FH, DULUX D/E, T/E
1 %…100 % T8, FQ, DULUX L
Luminous flux Φ [%]
100
80
60
40
20
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Control voltage U [V]
16
With the 1…10-V interface, the control current decreases
as the control voltage increases.
Decreasing control current with increasing control
voltage
Control current [mA]
QTi DIM
HF DIM
0.5
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Control voltage [V]
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | New properties of QTi DALI
3 New properties of QTi DALI
3.1 Corridor Function and parametrization options
CORRIDOR
FUNCTION
3.1.1 Description
Corridor Function: It is possible to connect the ECG directly to commercially available motion sensors. The Corridor Function is triggered by a switching signal, i.e. the voltage of the supply line (220–240 V, 50/60 Hz) is switched to
the DALI control line inputs (DA, DA; see the diagram below). A preset “out-of-the-box” luminous flux program
launches upon triggering. This can be individually adjusted
via OSRAM DALI Wizard and DALI magic. Three light value
ranges and six time ranges are available for this purpose.
Several OSRAM DALI ECGs can be synchronized in an installation via the frequency of the mains voltage (50/60 Hz).
The maximum number of ECGs in an installation is only limited by the sum of the inrush current surges from the individual ECGs. Additional installation instructions can be
found in chapter 10.8.
Advantage
Development of new applications (stairwells, corridors,
large storage facilities, …) with the possibility for saving
energy and achieving high energy efficiency.
OSRAM DALI ECG wiring diagram for Corridor Function
L3
L2
L1
N
PE
~
~
DA
DA
~
~
DA
DA
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
Motion sensor
Lamp
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
3
4
~
~
DA
DA
3
4
Lamp
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
3
4
Lamp
T PE N L1 L2 L3
17
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | New properties of QTi DALI
3.1.2 Activating the Corridor Function
Activate the Corridor Function by permanently applying the
supply voltage (220 V–240 V) to the DALI input of the ECG
for at least 120 seconds (50 Hz) and 100 seconds (60 Hz),
respectively.
3.1.3 Changing from the Corridor Function to the
Touch DIM Function
It is possible to change from the Corridor Function to the
Touch DIM Function by briefly pressing a push-button 5
times (at the DALI input, 220 V-240 V) within 3 seconds.
3.1.4 Setting Corridor Function parameters
The Corridor Functions are easily programmable with the
DALI magic/Wizard system (also see DALI magic manual
at: http://www.osram.com/osram_com/tools-and-services/
tools/dali-magic/index.jsp), i.e. the programmed settings
(e.g. extent of the three light ranges, duration of the six time
ranges) remain saved in the DALI ECG.
Corridor Function phasing (general and factory setting)
General curve:
Factory setting:
Light value
230 V
A
ON
OFF
Standby I
B
Standby II
C
I
II
III
IV
V
VI
DO
F1
T1
F2
T2
Time
Light value
A
Time
230 V
ON
B
I
II
DO
III
F1
OFF
Three dimming ranges (1…100 %), free parameterization
of time (I…VI) using DALI magic.
3.2 Touch DIM Function
TOUCH DIM
SENSOR
Dim up to 20 DALI ECGs using commercial pushbuttons!
In addition to operation on DALI control units, QTi DALI
ECGs offer the possibility of Touch DIM operation.
The QTi platform now enables up to 20 ECGs to be
dimmed using commercial push-buttons with no problem.
Dimming up to 4 DALI ECGs with one Touch DIM
sensor.
Additional properties are described in chapter 4.2.
18
Factory-set parameters:
A: 100 %, D0: 120 s, F1: 32 s
B: 10 %, T1: unlimited
IV
T1
Time
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | New properties of QTi DALI
OSRAM DALI ECG wiring diagram for Touch DIM Function
L3
L2
L1
N
PE
Pushbutton
Touch DIM
sensor
1
2
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
Lamp
1
2
3
4
~
~
DA
DA
3
4
OSRAM DALI ECG
Lamp
1
2
3
4
Lamp
T PE N L1 L2 L3
3.3 Emergency lighting: DC voltage detection,
EL (optional)
EL
For even easier error analysis, the maximum temperature
occurring in the ECG, the integral of overtemperature x time,
the maximum occurring mains input voltage and the time
that the ECG was operated with surge voltage can be read
out.
Advantage: Better traceability of errors in the field. Current
power consumption measurements are increasingly
required by users of larger lighting installations.
Furthermore, in addition to the “system failure level” (i.e.
dividing up the control line) used in accordance with the
DALI standard, an optional automatic detection of the DC
power supply is possible with a luminous flux setting between 0–10 %. The variably adjustable luminous flux value
between 0…100 % is protected from inadvertent over-writing by a locking bit. Emergency lighting operation can be
optionally set using an OSRAM DALI magic or a DALI control unit.
3.4 SMART GRID and management
SMART
GRID
With the QTi DALI, the mains power being used at present,
the current lamp burn time (can be reset) as well as the
lamp status (whether “defective”) and the current ECG
operating temperature can be read out.
3.5 POWER2LAMP power matching (optional)
POWER2LAMP
BOOST
Another additional function that is interesting for users as
well as luminaire manufacturers is the optional adjustable
POWER2LAMP mode. If, for example, you use the DALI GII
ECG (power-regulated ECG) in the “factory default” mode,
a T5 Energy Saver lamp is operated with around 10 % more
output and the user has a higher absolute luminous flux.
Optionally, the DALI ECGs can also be set to the nominal
output for Energy Saver lamps (ES-mode) using OSRAM
DALI Wizard. Energy is saved as a result and, in certain
applications, a higher ambient temperature of the luminaire
is achieved.
19
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4 Additional properties of dimmable
control gears from OSRAM 8)
4.1 OSRAM DALI/1…10-V ECGs:
Added value through intelligent features
— Automatic lamp detection through intelligent multi-lamp
operation (reduction of the ECG range of models)
— Lamps of the same length and various outputs can
be operated on a single ECG. Furthermore, special
approvals exist for certain lamp/ECG combinations. 9)
— Dimming range up to 1 % of the nominal luminous flux
(3 % in the case of CFL, also HF DIM)
— Ignition of the lamp at -25 °C ambient temperature
— Optimized lamp warm start within 0.6 s (also HF DIM )
— Temperature-dependent “cut-off” in case of dimmer
settings > 80 %
— Shutting down the filament heating at dimmer settings > 80 % avoids a permanent heating current
through the lamp electrodes during operation.
The load on the filaments and the power loss are reduced by approx. 2 W as a result. “Cut off” is not active at low temperatures, which makes operating the
lamp easier for conventional lamps 10) and amalgam
lamps.
— Intelligent temperature management
— Power reduction control through the ECG to protect
the electronics in case of excessive ambient temperatures ➔ Use is possible in extremely tight, hot luminaires (lifetime, efficiency increase, approbation)
Note
— The ECG measures its internal temperature on the
intermediate circuit capacitor (electrolytic capacitor)
1 x per minute. It begins to reduce the power at
84 °C to lower the internal temperature of the luminaire and maintain the temperature of the electrolytic
capacitor at 84 °C. The tc temperature remains between 75 °C and 80 °C, depending on the installation
conditions (heat coupling from above or below). At
an ambient temperature of 25 °C (in the room, e.g.
office), a reduction in the ECG power by 10 % is also
sufficient for hot luminaires. Very little light is lost in
the process because the efficiency of lamps and ECGs is improving. ➔ Most efficient energy savings
measure compared to normal operation.
— High tc point values (tc = 75 °C) enable operation at
high ambient temperatures (ta values).
8) Valid for OSRAM QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent (QTi) DALI/DIM ECG,
exceptions indicated in (…)
9) Special approvals of ECG lamp for QTi-DALI/DIM, HF DIM models
10) Amalgam-free low-pressure gas discharge lamps
20
— Stable dimming operation even in amalgam lamps
(CONSTANT lamps) ➔ Especially suitable for use in
areas with low ambient temperatures (e.g. cold stores,
outdoor areas) or high temperatures
— Intelligent power control when detecting instabilities
in the lamp circuit (amalgam lamp start) preserves
the lamp and ECG
— Optimized filament heating and lamp operation in
case of mains undervoltage (no damage to the lamps)
— EOL shutdown after test 2
— Asymmetric power test for detecting defective lamp
electrodes or high-impedance lamp sections, e.g.
through leakages in the glass tube
— Chip ID (CIN = Chip Identification Number, series number) for easy system installation ➔ OSRAM DALI magic:
Address allocation is possible via CIN
— EEPROM for ensuring settings/parameters even in the
event of power failure
— Lamp replacement without mains reset (automatic restart of lamps after lamp replacement, including HF
DIM)
— DC operation in the input voltage range of 154–276 V/
lamp start above 198 V (i.e. no lamp ignition e.g. at
170 V DC)
— Optimized radio interference supression: Compliance
with the required EMC specification limits with a comfortable safety margin to make it easier to install the luminaire (including HF DIM)
— DALI standard according to IEC 62386 - 101/-102/-201
— 1…10-V standard according to IEC 60929
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.2 OSRAM DALI ECG and Touch DIM interface
To be able to make simple light management systems, the
DALI ECGs from OSRAM also have the integrated Touch
DIM Function. This makes it possible to dim and switch
DALI ECGs directly with mains voltage using the DALI control terminals (Touch DIM interface = TDI). Only one commercial push-button is required; the controller takes over
the ECG.
Touch DIM Function phasing
Light value
TD min.
I
The transition between both operating modes – Touch
DIM and DALI operation – can only occur after a power
voltage disruption. During operation, switching between the
operating modes is not possible due to an integrated safety
interlock. You can change between the two operating
modes as often as you like. Touch DIM may never be used
at the same time as a DALI control system.
Touch DIM provides all functions of a comfort dimmer:
— Soft start of the lamp (lamp start in the lowest dimmer
setting (1 %, lowest luminous flux)
— Press briefly: On/off
— Press and hold: Dimming
— Memory function (light value memory with double-click)
— All settings remain intact even in the event of power failure
New expanded Touch DIM properties:
— Set the Touch DIM parameters fl exibly with DALI
magic programming device and Wizard software
— Automatic shutdown of the lamp once there is
sufficient ambient light (controlled with the Touch
DIM light and motion sensor)
— Optimized synchronicity (control of up to 20 ECGs
on one push-button is possible)
4.2.1 Setting Touch DIM Function parameters
With the new generation of OSRAM DALI ECGs (GII), all
Touch DIM parameters (e.g. min./max. level of light, fade-up
and fade-down time etc.) can be freely programmed with a
DALI magic programming device (see DALI magic manual).
Fixed or daylightcontrolled
TD max.
Fade-up time
II
Delay
time
III
IV
Fade-down Standby
time
Time
Touch DIM LS/PD signal
Free parameterization of all Touch DIM parameters
(I…VI) with a DALI magic
Factory settings:
Fade-up time: 0.7 s (TD min.: 1 %, TD max.: 100 %)
Fade-down time: 32 s
Delay time: 15 min
Standby time: 5 s
4.2.2 Automatic lamp switch-off at suffi cient light
level
When using the Touch DIM Function with a light and motion
sensor (LS/PD signal), the level of light can be constantly
maintained at the workplace (ECG readjusts artificial light).
The following correlation applies in the process: The more
natural light is available, the less artificial light (lamp) is required to maintain a constant level of light at the workplace.
When using the control limits (lowest dimming level (TD
min.)), DALI GII ECGs offer the possibility of shutting down
artificial light (ignoring the PIR sensor signal as long as the
light sensor detects a level of light that is over the selected
setpoint for more than 1 min). If the natural level of light falls
below the setpoint by more than an adjustable threshold
value (factory setting approx. 25 lux), the artificial light is
switched on again to ensure a constant level of light at the
workplace.
11) Touch DIM is not part of the DALI standard.
21
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.2.3 Wiring and cable compensation
— The cable length between the push-button and the farthest DALI ECG may not be longer than 25 meters.
Compensation measures must be applied for line
lengths required to be more than 25 meters long (bell
transformer, resistance).
— Do not use more than 20 DALI ECGs in a single Touch
DIM application (up to 20 ECGs can be controlled by
one push-button). The greater the number of DALI ECGs
controlled simultaneously, the greater the risk of
asynchronisms (see 3.2.6.2).
— Differing lamp families should not be mixed due to different preheating times (e.g. T5-HO lamps (500 ms start
time) vs. T5-HE lamps (700 ms start time)).
— Multiple control points are possible, provided the total
line length of 25 m is not exceeded.
— Touch DIM sensor: No more than four DALI ECGs
may be operated with a single Touch DIM sensor.
Maximum cable length (distance sensor/DALI ECG)
is 10 meters.
— The Touch DIM wiring and the operator button must be
rated for mains voltage (230 V).
Operation via push-button
L3
L2
L1
N
PE
Pushbutton
1
2
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
T PE N L1 L2 L3
22
Lamp
1
2
3
4
~
~
DA
DA
3
4
Lamp
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
3
4
Lamp
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.2.3.1 Operating parameters for Touch DIM and
Corridor functionality
AC voltages of 10…230 V (effective value) with a frequency
of 48...63 Hz must be used for operating Touch DIM and
Corridor functionalities – not DC voltage.
4.2.3.2 Interference compensation (for wiring > 25 m)
Above a total cable length of 25 m to 100 m from the pushbutton to the ECG, a control transformer according to both
of the following diagrams must be used to prevent malfunctions (e. g. through capacitive couplings): Primary 230 V/
secondary 12 V, required transformer power: 25 mW per
connected ECG (i. e. 150 mW with 6 ECGs, 2 mA control
current per ECG).
Control transformer for compensation near the ECG
(e. g. in a luminaire)
L
N
PE
Installation cable
Pushbutton
Control transformer near the push-button (e. g. in the
SD (sub-distributor) or a FTB (flush-type box)).
L
N
~
~
DALI ECG
DA
DA
12-V transformer
min. power: 25 mW x ECG quantity
Furthermore, there is the opportunity to switch a conventional resistor (1 W, 150 kΩ) to compensate for interference
(damping of the line) between phase and neutral wire,
which is illustrated in the following diagram.
Installation cable
PE
~
~
DALI ECG
DA
DA
Pushbutton
12-V transformer
min. power: 25 mW x ECG quantity
Compensation for the connecting cable through a resistor (1 W, 150 kΩ) 12)
Max. 50 m total line length with
compensation of the connecting cable
L
N
R: 150 kΩ, 1 W
12) E. g.: Vishay Beyschlag: MBA/SMA 0204, MBB/SMA 0207, MBE/
SMA 0414 - Professional
23
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.2.4 Touch DIM operation
— Switch lamp on/off: Briefly press push-button (< 0.5 s).
— Dimming: Press and hold push-button (> 0.5 s, dimming
direction changes with every press of the push-button).
— Store the reference value when switched on: “Doubleclick” (briefly press 2 x within 0.4 s).
— Delete reference value: Double-click when lamp is
switched off (ECG starts with 10 % luminous flux when
restarting).
Behavior of the ECG after various push-button
actions, TDI = Touch DIM interface
Note
Holding the button longer when the lamp is switched off:
The lamp switches on at the minimum dimmer setting and
reduces amount dimmed until the push-button is released.
4.2.5 Operating modes with Touch DIM
With QTi DALI/DIM, OSRAM offers two operating modes
for Touch DIM (mode 1, mode 2), which differ in how they
switch on (switching on/off with the push-button is meant
here, not disconnection of the supply voltage):
Mode 1:
The control gear switches on with the dimming value that
was set before it was switched off. The following applies:
press briefly: switch, press and hold: dim/switch on at a
minimum dimmer setting.
Mode 2:
The control gear switches on with the dimming value that
was saved previously by double-click (preset value). The
following applies: Press briefly: switch, press and hold: dim/
switch on at a minimum dimmer setting.
The following table illustrates the options of both operating
modes for the user:
Action
Touch DIM
Press briefl y (state:
switched off)
TDI mode I: Switches on with last value before
shutting down
TDI mode II: Switches on with last double-click
value
Press briefl y (state:
switched on)
Switches off and saves value in TDI mode I for
next switch-on
Press and hold (state:
switched off)
Switches on and from minimum, dims up as
long as the push-button is pressed
Press and hold (state:
switched on)
Dims up and down (depending on pending
toggle function or logic function)
Double-click (state:
switched off)
Changing to TDI mode I (= auto memory of the
switch-on value)
Confi rmation: Switching on and dimming to
maximum brightness
Double-click (state:
switched on and
dimming in the
last 30 s)
Changing to TDI mode II (switch-on value =
double-click value)
Confi rmation: Flashes and dims to doubleclick value
Double-click (state:
switched on and
no dimming
in the last 30 s)
Holiday switching; only in combination with
LMS sensors (see LMS documents)
Power voltage
disruption (state:
switched off)
Remains switched off
Power disruption
(state: switched on)
Switches on to …
TDI mode I: Last value
before the power disruption
TDI mode II: Last value before
the power disruption
4.2.6 Asynchronism
As a matter of principle, asynchronisms can occur with
push-button operation in systems with more than one ECG.
The higher the number of ECGs and the longer the control
line length, the greater the chance of asynchronisms.
In order to avoid lighting installations running asynchronously in practice, the permissible number of ECGs
(20) and the total line length of 25 m must be adhered
to.
4.2.7 Synchronization
For physical reasons, a Touch DIM system can work asynchronously; in other words, the switching state and dimming
direction of the individual luminaires are different. The following steps are used to synchronize a Touch DIM system:
1. Step:
Press and hold (> 0,5 s) ➔ All luminaires switch on
2. Step:
Press briefly (< 0,5 s) ➔ All luminaires switch off
3. Step:
Press and hold (> 0,5 s) ➔ All luminaires switch on and dim
4. Step:
Double-click ➔ Saves dimmer setting (if desired)
24
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
After these steps are executed – long–short–long–
(double-click) – the ECGs act synchronously once again.
Note
Touch DIM was developed for manual control and is not
suitable for automation, e.g. for connecting an SPS.
4.2.8 Avoiding asynchronisms: DALI repeater
With the help of the DALI repeater, which is described in
detail within the context of the LMS portfolio, up to 64
ECGs can easily be operated in the Touch DIM function
without any problem with asynchronisms.
LMS repeater: http://www.osram.com/osram_com/
products/electronics/light-management-systems/
components/repeaters/index.jsp
4.2.9 Behavior after power voltage disruption
If the luminaire is disconnected from the mains, the ECG
saves all set values. If the light value was modified prior to
shutdown, this value is set again. In other words, the exact
prior state is reproduced after a disruption of the voltage
(immediate switching on with the previous luminous flux, no
“middle road” via 100 % luminous flux and subsequent dimming). All settings (dimming values, lamps on/off …) remain
intact even if the power failure lasts a while (> 200 ms…5 s,
depending on the ECG and the operating status). The reference value saved with double-click also remains saved in
the ECG after the power voltage disruption and can, if desired, be recalled again with luminaire on/off. If the luminaire was shut down as the result of a power voltage disruption, it remains off if the mains voltage returns. For this
reason, operation in Touch DIM mode is not suitable for
centrally supplied emergency lighting applications.
4.3 OSRAM DALI ECGs in emergency lighting
applications (EL – Emergency Lighting)
OSRAM DALI ECGs bear the EL quality mark. This means
that OSRAM DALI ECGs meet the following standards for
operation with central batteries:
1. Equipment safety according to IEC or EN 61347-2-3,
appendix J
2. Equipment safety according to IEC or EN 61347-2-13,
appendix J (2nd issue in preparation)
3. Luminaire safety according to IEC or EN 60598-2-22
(4th issue in preparation)
Special electronic control gears are available on the market
for local emergency lighting applications with integrated
battery in the luminaire. The instructions described here for
wiring and programming the DALI control gears refer exclusively to central battery applications and, therefore, to standard DALI control gears (ECGs).
QUICKTRONIC® Intelligent DALI ECGs are suitable for
emergency lighting systems according to DIN V VDE V
0108-100 and DIN EN 50172. All OSRAM DALI control
gears detect emergency operation (“system failure level”)
by the missing voltage at the DALI input (16 V DC during
normal operation). This function is a part of the DALI
standard and is supported by all manufacturers.
New, expanded properties:
OSRAM DALI (GII) ECGs can detect a failure in the emergency lighting applications (EL) without an additional DALI
command (operating range: 154–276 V (0 Hz/pulsating DC)).
The “system failure level” is automatically set. The EL function can be switched on or off via DALI magic/Wizard (see
the DALI Wizard manual: http://www.osram.com/osram_
com/tools-and-services/tools/dali-magic/index.jsp).
— EL quality marks (according to IEC 61347-2-3) with
EBLF, EMC…
— Operating range: 154–276 V (0 Hz/pulsating DC)
— Flexible switching on/off with DALI magic
— “DC level” has higher priority than the “system failure
level”
— Locking emergency lighting settings possible via DALI
— Automatic reinstatement of the AC conditions, in other
words, the conditions present before the failure of the
AC (mains) voltage
Typical data for the QUICKTRONIC® Intelligent DALI family
that are significant for emergency lighting systems*:
OSRAM ECG data for emergency lighting operation
Max. start time of the lamp
0.6 s
Permissible voltage range (DC)
154…276 V
Min. voltage for lamp start (DC)
198 V
Permissible voltage range (AC)
198…264 V
Mains frequency
0, 50…60 Hz
Due to the multitude of emergency lighting control systems
and applications, this topic cannot be described comprehensively in this technical application guide.
Integrating and testing the total emergency lighting system
according to DIN V VDE V 0108-100 and DIN EN 50172
must always be executed by the party responsible for the
total system, because the DALI ECG is only one component of the total system. DIN V VDE V 0108-100 und DIN
EN 50172 are system standards and not ECG standards.
* The DALI or dimming function of the QTi DALI T5/T8 DIM ECGs is
identical for AC and DC operation.
25
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
The use of OSRAM DALI control gears in emergency lighting management is illustrated in the following diagram.
Switching example monitoring module and OSRAM DALI ECG in emergency lighting management
UV general illumin.
L
N
Phase
monitoring
Luminaire general illumination
L
N
U
O
DALI control unit
IN
IN
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
D
D
D
D
3
3
4
X
4
Dimming
push-button
Luminaire emergency
lighting
U
U
O
O
Monitoring
module
2
L
D1
D2
U
O
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
D1
D2
Max. 1 m
D
D
3
4
X
1
From HV
N
Central battery system
The monitoring module (2) enables the individual monitoring
and control of DALI ECGs (1).
The following applies for normal operation:
The OSRAM DALI ECG emergency lighting (1) is supplied
with AC voltage via the central battery system. All control
gears can be conventionally dimmed and are controlled by
the DALI control unit (3). For maintenance functions (e.g. for
service, switching by the maintenance supervisor), the OSRAM DALI ECG emergency lighting (1) can be switched via
the monitoring module (2) to 100 %; the commands of the
DALI control unit (3, e.g. dimmer setting) are ignored.
When switching the lighting system to emergency lighting
operation, two cases must be differentiated:
4.3.1 Power failure in sub-distributor (SD)
general illumination
According to DIN V VDE V 0108-100 and DIN EN 50172, if
AC mains is connected to the central battery system (CB),
the system may not be switched to battery during emergency operation; however, the safety lights (1) must be
switched to continuous light. The external DALI control unit
is ignored and the OSRAM DALI ECG emergency lighting
(1) is dimmed to 100 % by the monitoring module (2) via a
DALI command set.
26
4.3.2 DC emergency lighting operation in the event
of power failure in the main distributor (MD)
➔ battery operation
The central battery system (CB) provides the DC supply
voltage. The external DALI control unit (3) is ignored and
the ECG is set by the monitoring module (2), which is DCcapable, to a previously defined value via a DALI command
set. The emergency lighting level is specified. OSRAM DALI
ECGs (1) can communicate via DALI when applying a DC
power supply and are, therefore, individually dimmable.
4.3.3 DC emergency lighting operation without additional external monitoring module (e.g.: CEAG 2LCG-SB) by shutting down the DALI control units
The DALI control unit (3) is switched off when converting to
the emergency lighting operation; the DALI control gears (4)
detect that the “system failure level” is set because the DALI voltage (approx. 16 V DC which are always applied to the
terminals of the DALI control gears) is not available.
Note:
The “system failure level” takes priority over the “power-on
level”. In other words, if the DALI voltage is missing when
applying the mains voltage to the ECG, the “system failure
level” is set as a result. The “system failure level” can be individually set for each ECG – from 0…100 % light.
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.3.4 Advantages of OSRAM DALI control gears in
emergency lighting applications:
— Unrestricted DALI communication with the ECG, even
during emergency lighting operation
— Luminous flux ratio in battery operation can be freely set;
meaning it can be adjusted to the lighting situation
— Efficient use of the battery capacity through reduced luminous flux setting
— Simple installation in the luminaire
— It is possible to use DALI ECGs as emergency lighting
ECGs with freely parameterizable reduction of the light
value, even without bus
DALI magic programming device
4.4 OSRAM DALI magic and OSRAM DALI Wizard
The DALI magic interface offers the following options with the
OSRAM DALI Wizard software:
— Easy diagnosis/analysis/parameterization of DALI
installations
— Quick location of addressing/programming errors
— Easy programming of OSRAM QTi DALI ECGs
— New: Corridor and Touch DIM configuration tool:
Setting of dimming/light ranges and fade-out times
— New: Emergency lighting function: DC detection, DC
light value setting etc.
— New: POWER2LAMP function: Optimized operation of
T5 Energy Saver/standard lamps via flag
Dimensions [mm] 120 x 79 x 28
DALI magic EAN40 (1 unit): 4052899039551
Software download: http://www.osram.com/osram_com/
tools-and-services/tools/dali-magic/index.jsp
DALI magic: Connections
DALI magic
DALI
DALI ECG
DALI
300 m
LMS software:
– OSRAM DALI Wizard
– 3DIM tool
DALI ECG
DALI ECG
OR
Up to 64 ECGs within a DALI circuit
3DIM ECG
USB
An ECG in each case
Power supply: 6 V DC
L
N
27
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.5 Basic circuits in 1…10-V control gears
The simplest type of light management system can be executed via a corresponding logarithmically dimensioned potentiometer (available from electrical retailers). As the control
power of the OSRAM DIM ECG is produced by the ECG itself,
the resistance value depends on the number of connected
ECGs. It is calculated according to the following formula:
An additional mains switch is required for switching the
lighting installation. When connecting the potentiometer,
it must be ensured that the full lighting level is achieved by
turning to the right. The use of a DIM MCU (manual control
unit) is recommended when connecting more than two
OSRAM DIM ECGs. The relevant documentation (user
instructions, LMS portfolio) contains detailed information
on this. The following diagram illustrates the control using
a potentiometer:
If the calculated value is not included in the resistance table,
a similar value should be selected, because otherwise full
modulation of the lamps is not possible (this overdimensioning may lead to the entire rotation angle of the potentiometer not being utilized for brightness control). The potentiometer must be designed for power of
at
least.
Potentiometer control of the 1…10-V interface
N
L
N
L
On/off
switch
Potentiometer
R=
1
2
DIM ECG
–
+
3
4
N
L
1
2
–
+
Lamp
DIM ECG
3
4
Lamp
100 kΩ log.
n
n: number of connected ECGs
4.5.1 “Standby” operating modes with the 1…10-V
interface
OSRAM DIM ECGs dim the light down in standby mode
(1 % luminous flux) when it is not needed. This avoids unnecessary switching processes and saves energy. Additional advantages of standby switching: As the light is not
completely switched off, a certain amount always remains
as an orientation light. If needed, a large amount of light is
immediately there without having to wait for a preheating
time. Typical applications for standby switching are all applications with high switching frequency, such as the stairwell, corridor or basement garage, particularly if the light is
controlled by a motion sensor or timer.
28
4.5.1.1 Applications
a) “Standby switching” with staircase light timer
A special staircase light timer (e. g. Siemens: Type 5TT1
303) is responsible for standby switching of the OSRAM
DIM ECG. Operating principle: When the push-button is
pressed, the staircase light timer switches on the OSRAM
DIM ECG (100 % light). After max. 10 min (time is adjustable), the light sinks to a preselectable level without intermediate stages. Shutdown completes after a total of
30 min. This 30-minute cycle is started again at any time
by pressing the push-button. The lamp-friendly standby
operation shows its worth in the evening hours when the
stairwells are highly frequented. The light changes only between the dimmer settings; real switchings are rare. Overnight, when the staircase light is not needed for a long period, the remaining power consumption can also be saved in
the lowest dimmer setting.
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
Standby switching with staircase light timer
N
L
N
L
L
–
+
T
Pushbutton
N
L
1
2
DIM ECG
3
4
–
+
Lamp
Staircase light timer
– +
Additional luminaires
b) “Standby switching” with staircase light timer and motion
sensor
As the push-button switches on the mains voltage (L), it
can be replaced by a motion sensor. Parallel switching with
the push-button is also possible. Because the switch-on
time is set on the staircase light timer, the switch-on time of
the motion sensor can and should be set to a minimum.
Standby switching with staircase light timer and motion sensor
N
L
N
L
T
L
–
+
Staircase light timer
N
L
–
+
1
2
DIM ECG
3
4
Lamp
– +
Motion sensor
Additional luminaires
29
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.5.1.2 Control via analog output
The external control with an analog output 0…10 V (e. g. PC
card) is possible, in principle. This control module must be in
the position to absorb the current delivered by the ECG in
the control line and to minimize the control voltage to at least
1 V. In order to do this, however, the analog output must fulfill
two requirements: It must be floating; therefore, it must not
be galvanically connected to accessible parts or switchings
which are subject to SELV requirements (test voltage 2500 V,
the test voltage to earthed parts is 1500 V). The analog output must be able to work as a current sink, since it must absorb the control current of the OSRAM DIM ECG. In most
cases, it is unknown whether and how much current an analog output can absorb; however, you can always manage
with a matching circuit.
4.5.1.3 Matching circuit
With up to three OSRAM DIM ECGs, connecting the control
inputs of the ECG directly with the analog output is recommended; with four or more OSRAM DIM ECGs, a signal amplifier should be interconnected. Next, start the system, set
the control voltage to 0 V and check directly at the analog
output with a multimeter. If the measurement value is below
1 V, the system can be brought online. If the control voltage
is higher than 1 V, the analog output can not absorb enough
current and an additional current sink is required in the form
of a resistor R switched in parallel. The required value is determined as follows: In the case of a 0-V control voltage
specification, a potentiometer (approx. 5 kΩ linear) is also set
to the analog output and, therefore, a 1-V control voltage is
set. Disconnect potentiometer and measure the resistance
value (must be larger than 680 Ω), provide and connect the
corresponding fixed resistor (design 0207, capacity 0.25 W,
possibly the next smallest resistance value).
4.6 Special circuit diagrams, tips and tricks for the
1…10-V interface
4.6.1 Temperature-dependent control
In case of temperature problems in dimmed fluorescent
lamps, the dimmer setting can be restricted to a lower level
depending on the temperature.
Note
Information about the minimum permissible dimmer settings
at low temperatures (< 10 °C) depending on the type of lamp
is found in the sections “Temperature behavior” (see point
3.8) and “Dimming amalgam lamps” (see point 4.9).
The stability limit (stable dimming operation at low temperatures ( < 10 °C)) depends greatly on lamp tolerances. The
temperature limit may be lower in control modes that start
the lamp at 100 % (e.g. standby switching). Therefore, the
response temperature as well as the control voltage should
be adjustable with an automatic controller. The following
switching is suggested:
Temperature-dependent control
Temperature
controller
1
+
Analog output
e.g. PC
–
+
R
+
Signal
In amplifi er Out
DIM SA
–
–
+
DIM ECG
–
If required
4.5.1.4 Control via KNX
Dimmable ECGs with 1…10-V interface easily integrate into
installations with KNX. The connecting link between KNX
and the dimmable lighting installation is a switch/dimming
actuator. A switch/dimming actuator is required for each
lighting group. The digital bus signal is utilized by the switch/
dimming actuator in the analog 1…10-V control voltage for
OSRAM DIM ECGs. The ECG is switched on/off using an integrated relay contact. Various functions are parameterizable: On, off, brighter, darker, as well as specifying a defined
control voltage. Sensors for daylight control etc. are normally
connected to the KNX level. Detailed information can be obtained from the manufacturer of the KNX.
30
–
+
>ϑ
2
Control via PC
+
+
–
Manual control unit
Auxiliary control device
approx. 4 V, e.g. DIM
MCU
–
The temperature controller can, for example, be a room
temperature controller for a heating control system. The
switching temperature (e.g. 0 °) should be accurately adjustable if possible. The switch must be an NO contact, i.e.
closed at high temperatures. Such devices are offered with
bimetal contact (e.g. 2NR9 090-1, power supply not required) or with temperature sensors (e.g. 2NR9 078, power
supply required). Possibly existing heating resistors for
thermal feedback (TR) or night-time power reduction are
not connected (in deviation from the attached circuit diagram!). The only mains connection is the power supply
which may be required. Different types of protection are
necessary, depending on the application. Additional details
are available from qualified personnel for heating and airconditioning units.
4.6.2 Limiting top and bottom control voltage
Limiting the top and bottom control voltage for the OSRAM
DIM ECGs is required for certain applications. Reasons for
this may be, for example, special lamp/ECG combinations
or flickering occurrences at lower temperatures.
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
a) Upper limitation
The easiest way to achieve this is parallel switching of a
Zener diode with the corresponding value. A Zener diode
with a nominal value of 7 V must be used when limiting, for
example, to 7 V. Model Bzx 55C xVx can be recommended.
For xVx, for example, 7V5 equals 7.5 V. At least 20 ECGs
can be controlled with this model. In principle, the control
unit with the lowest value sets the specification for the
OSRAM DIM ECG when running parallel switching for multiple control units. This applies to all passive control units,
i. e. devices which represent a current sink.
Limiting top control voltage
+
+
Zener diode
Control unit
DIM ECG
–
–
e. g. at 1.5 mm², lighting strip, feed-in to start:
L max = 35 km/number of ECGs
= 350 m with 100 ECGs
= 700 m with 50 ECGs
Any line length may be used with DIM SA signal amplifiers.
4.6.4 1…10-V DIM ECGs and emergency lighting
Dimmable 1…10-V QUICKTRONIC® ECGs are suitable for
emergency lighting systems according to DIN V VDE V
0108-100 and DIN EN 50172. When using dimmable 1…10V QUICKTRONIC® ECGs in emergency lighting systems,
the control line should be disrupted in emergency operation
by suitable measures at the positive terminal. Corresponding easy-to-wire toggle converters are available on the market which send an adjustable control voltage to the OSRAM DIM ECG, thus enabling battery-friendly emergency
lighting operation at less than 100 % luminous flux.
+
DIM ECG
–
– +
Additional ECGs
b) Lower limitation
An effective lower limitation can be achieved through serial
switching of two control units. The sum of both devices is
effective. With one device, the control voltage specification
of the other device cannot be exceeded. Caution: The
smallest achievable control voltage amounts to approx. 2 V
(c. 4 % luminous flux) when serially switching two control
units. The connections are to be made according to the
sketch.
Limiting bottom control voltage
Control unit 1
+
–
Control unit 2
+
–
+
–
+
–
DIM ECG
DIM ECG
– +
Additional ECGs
4.6.3 Line length of the 1…10-V control line
The control line lengths are only limited by a drop in the
voltage. Overall, it can be said that a 100-m line length is
generally noncritical. The following formula can be used for
a more precise estimation:
Emergency lighting with OSRAM 1…10-V DIM ECGs
Switching from AC to DC (incl. plus terminal)
AC
DC
~
~
–
~
–
+
DIM ECG
– +
– +
1…10-V emer- 1…10-V normal
gency lighting
Some accessory components (e. g. DIM SA, DIM ICM 10
signal amplifiers) are not approved for battery operation.
Therefore, it must be ensured that these components are
never switched to a DC source. The signal amplifier, for example, represents in this case a fixed resistor which is connected to the control line. The dimmer setting of an ECG is
then about 20 %, and higher with more ECGs.
4.7 Terminals/cable cross sections/insulation
stripping length
Both single-core wires and flexible ones are permissible
for combination terminals for T5 and T8 fluorescent lamps
used in the QTi DALI/DIM. The terminal can be contacted
above via a so-called IDC (insulation displacement connector) and below via a plug contact (wire stripping 8.5–11 mm).
For ECGs with plug terminals (HF DIM, QTi T/E DALI/DIM),
both single-core wires (wire stripping 8.5–9.5 mm) and
flexible ones are permissible, provided they are zinc-plated,
sound-welded or equipped with wire-end ferrules.
31
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.7.1 Pressing in and loosening the connection cables
Manual contact of the insulation displacement termination
(above) with the insertion tool, e.g. order number:
WAGO 206-831
4.7.2 Cable cross sections
Typical cable cross sections of pin and insulation
displacement connectors (IDCs)
Single-strand wire
Wago insertion tool
Loosen the plug contacts (below) with the WAGO 206-830
extraction tool.
Wago extraction tool
max. 0,75 mm²
Plug contact
0.5…1.0 mm²
0.5…1.0 mm²
(with wire-end ferrule)
Plug terminal
0.5…1.5 mm²
0.5…1.5 mm²
(with wire-end ferrule)
4.7.3 Basic insulation
The IEC 61347 requires basic insulation for control inputs
between the control circuit and mains. The DALI standard
(IEC 62386) references this. Thus, the DALI line has “only”
basic insulation and must, therefore, be treated like a mains
voltage. The same is true of the 1…10-V interface.
4.7.4 Sockets
The lamps must fit tightly and make contact in the lamp
sockets. The sockets must be selected depending on the
ECG/type of lamp used.
1. Insert the extraction tool above the wire
into the wire entry point
2. Pull out the wire
1.
2.
Alternatively, the plug contact can be extracted by
simultaneously turning and pulling.
Loosening the plug contact
Information about wire stripping and cable cross sections
are printed on the device.
32
Multi-strand wire
IDC (insulation dismax. 0.5 mm²
placement connector)
4.7.5 Master/slave circuit
Additional wiring of the lamp cable to the next luminaire.
Master/slave operation is not allowed with multi-lamp dimming devices. The reason for this are capacitive leakage
currents, which can lead to asymmetries, differing luminances and instable dimming operation (flickering).
4.7.6 Minimum refl ector distances
The reflector may never rest against to the lamp as this may
otherwise cause vibrations and noise. In all luminaires, a
minimum distance of 6 mm must be maintained between
the lamp and the reflector and other luminaire parts. If the
distance is shorter, uneven brightness can occur along the
lamp due to capacitive leakage currents. Flickering can also occur. Moreover, lamp parts which touch the bulbs can
lead to mercury bonds in the lamps.
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.8 Temperature behavior of dimmable ECGs from OSRAM
Permissible guideline values for minimum luminaire
ambient temperatures
Type of lamp
Min. temperature
with1 % (3 % CFL)
dimmer setting
Min. dimmer setting
at -20 °C to +10 °C
T8/26-mm lamp***
-20 °C*
1 %*
T5/16-mm lamp*
HE 14…35
HO 49
HO 24…80
+10 °C
DULUX L*
+10 °C
30 %
DULUX D/E, T/E, FC
+10 °C**
50 %
60 %****
50 %
30 %
Properties
— Significant increase of luminous efficacy (lm/W) in hot
luminaires
— Virtually no loss of luminous flux (lm) compared to uncontrolled operation
— No reduction of the ECG lifetime within the control range
— Simplifies the safety approval for hot luminaires
— Relieves luminaire components
Note
— Limits the tc temperature to < 80 °C (depending on the
installation conditions), however, the ECG never switches off as a result of overtemperature due to power reduction control.
— Even with these ECGs, thermally problematic luminaires
are not necessarily made into standard-compliant units.
— Power reduction control occurs at up to 70 % of the full
load operation.
— The degree of efficiency of a hot luminaire is always
lower than that of a thermally optimized luminaire.
* Only with QTi…DIM
** Only with 3…100 %
*** Only with L18W, L36W, L58W, not L70W
**** The critical point from which the burn voltage increases excessively in the cold is just below the 30-% dimmer setting for T5-HO
lamps. This point is achieved with the same power density in T5HE lamps. In this case, however, the dimmer setting is 60 % due
to the power of 100 % only being half as high. The T5 HO 49 W is
between T5 HE 14…35 W and T5 HO 24…80 W. Dimming of amalgam lamps T5 HO CONSTANT (HO 24 W, HO 39W, HO 54 W, HO
80 W), CFL (DULUX® L CONSTANT 40 W, 55 W, 80 W and DULUX®
T/E CONSTANT 26 W, 32 W, 42 W) possible.
The temperature range can be expanded downwards by
raising the lowest dimmer setting until the luminaire has
reached a higher internal temperature; otherwise, flickering
and/or start problems are to be expected.
4.8.1 Intelligent thermal management allows operation in a wide ambient temperature range through
power reduction control
Starting with the generation at the end of 2008, QTi DALI/
DIM ECGs from OSRAM are classified as intelligent temperature controllers.
Operating principle
The ECG measures the ECG temperature 1 x per minute.
With the set temperature limit, it starts reducing the power
to decrease the luminaire temperature and stop the ECG
temperature from increasing any further. The tc temperature
is between 75 °C and 80 °C, depending on the installation
conditions (e.g. heat coupling into the ECG from above or
below). With an ambient temperature of 25 °C, even in hot
luminaires, a reduction of the system power by 10 %–0 % is
usually enough, but only approx. 1 %–2 % light is lost because the efficiency of the system increases.
Dimming is possible at any time, however, the temperature limitation represents a temperature-dependent upper
limit to the dimming range.
The reduction of the lamp wattage compensates
the loss of luminous efficacy in hot luminaires
through improved effi ciency in the lamps.
33
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
Temperature at the tc measuring point as a function
of luminaire ambient temperature
Relative power as a function of luminaire ambient
temperature
tc temperature [ °C]
Relative power [%]
with
without temperature limitation
110
with
without temperature limitation
110
100
100
90
80
90
80
70
70
60
60
50
50
40
40
30
30
20
20
10
10
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
Luminaire ambient temperature [ °C]
Luminaire ambient temperature [ °C]
Dimmable QTi ECGs from OSRAM hold their temperature
constant at the tc measuring point within a wide range and,
therefore, also the temperature in the luminaire. As a result,
the ECG components, as well as all other luminaire components, are relieved.
This is achieved through a reduction of the system power.
Relative power as a function of luminaire ambient
temperature
Luminous efficacy as a function of luminaire ambient
temperature
Relative power [%]
Luminous effi cacy [%]
with
without temperature limitation
110
with
without temperature limitation
130
120
100
90
80
110
70
90
80
100
60
50
70
40
60
30
50
20
40
10
30
0
20
10
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
0
Luminaire ambient temperature [ °C]
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
Luminaire ambient temperature [ °C]
Despite this, the luminous flux of the luminaire rarely decreases because the efficiency of the system increases
through power reduction control.
The clear increase in the system’s relative luminous efficacy
shows that the temperature limitation has an energetically
positive effect on hot luminaires.
Example: Tight 2-x-80-W-T5 luminaire
(applies for luminaires with direct heat feedback)
The exact scaling depends on the luminaire type and
the ECG installation conditions.
34
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
Why is hardly any light lost through the temperature
limitation?
Let's assume we have a luminaire with an internal temperature, i.e. the lamp ambient temperature, that should be lowered from 65 °C to 55 °C. A reduction of the system power
by 20 % is required for this purpose. The diagram shows
the Φ(T) curves of T5 lamps for 100 % system power and,
according to the power reduction of 20 %, for 80 % system
power. When transitioning from the 100-% curve to the
80-% curve and the resulting reduction in the temperature
of 10 °C, the luminous flux remains nearly the same.
Note:
Standard color table according to DIN 5033
Reduction and relative luminous flux
Relative luminous fl ux [%]
Φ (T) curves of T5 lamps
100
80
60
Reduction
40
20
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Lamp ambient temperature [ °C]
4.8.2 Color temperature
The color temperature of the lamp changes between the
maximum and minimum luminous flux of the lamp – in the
case of the DULUX L, this is approx. 150 Kelvin. Visually,
the color difference looks much greater due to the huge
difference in light density. This means that the subjective
perception of the human eye does not reflect the objective
color temperature change. Directly after switching from
maximum to minimum luminous flux, a short color shift of
up to 400 Kelvin occurs (shift to red section, see diagram
top right) that is reduced after approx. 30–40 minutes to
the aforementioned color difference (stabilization phase).
The measurement of the most similar color temperature in
the case of strongly dimmed lamps makes the highest demands of the electronics and the receiver of the colorimeter. Erroneous evaluations with standard colorimeters can
not be ruled out.
4.8.3 Outdoor applications
For outdoor applications, a special OSRAM housing, the
“OUTKIT”, is available for protecting the ECG against moisture. It is available for ECGs with a total height of 30 mm or
21 mm and lengths of 360 mm and 423 mm.
Details can be found in the current light program. For outdoor applications, the temperature range of the system
lamp/ECG should be carefully considered. Sufficient mains
quality (above all, lightning protection) must be available for
all outdoor applications, so that the ECGs are not damaged.
4.8.4 Functional testing for luminaires
The dimmable OSRAM QTi family (DALI and 1…10 V) outputs the following power per lamp in the luminaire test (with
10-Ω substitute resistors):
1/2 lamps (T5 and T8): 32 watts
3/4 lamps (T5 and T8): 16 watts
This function does not depend on the application of the real lamp. The filament detection can be switched off for special applications/luminaires – details upon request.
If the final luminaire test is executed in Touch DIM operation, it must be ensured that the lamp is dimmed to 10 %
before disconnecting the luminaire from the mains. This is
the only way to ensure that the light can also be switched
on with the fuse (without control unit) while installing the
35
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
luminaire, as it is defined with DALI. If the luminaire has
been switched off via Touch DIM, the luminaire remains out
even after a disruption of the voltage – the installer may incorrectly assume a defective ECG in this case.
When the luminaire is connected to the mains voltage for
the first time (without control unit), it must switch on with
100 % luminous flux (= DALI factory setting). Switiching
from DALI to Touch DIM operation or vice versa presumes
a power voltage disruption to the ECG (safety interlock).
4.9 Dimming amalgam lamps with OSRAM ECGs
With the newest device generation of OSRAM QTi DALI/
DIM, the following families of amalgam lamps are also dimmable:
Properties
— Stable dimming operation up to 1 % (KLL 3 %)
— Extremely high luminous flux in a wide ambient temperature range
— 90 % luminous flux of 0 °C to +70 °C (temperaturedependent “cut-off”)
— Reliable ignition up to -20 °C
— “Power Boost” stabilizes discharge in the “pink phase”
— No shortening of the lifetime of lamp/ECG
Lamp/ECG combinations
— T5: HO CONSTANT: 24 W, 39 W, 54 W, 80 W
Dimming range: 1…100 %
— CFL: DULUX L CONSTANT 40 W, 55 W, 80 W
Dimming range: 1…100 %
— CFL: DULUX T/E CONSTANT 26 W, 32 W, 42 W
Dimming range: 3…100 %
Dimming amalgam lamps: Lamp/ECG combinations
D T/E CONSTANT 42 W (KLL)
DL CONSTANT 80 W (KLL)
D T/E CONSTANT 32 W (KLL)
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 1x28/54 DIM
x
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 1x35/49/80 DIM
x
x
*)
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 2x21/39 DIM
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 2x28/54 DIM
x
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 2x35/49/80 DIM
x
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 3x14/24 DIM
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 4x14/24 DIM
x
* Not for fl ashing operation, can only be operated in the context of a special concession
36
DL CONSTANT 55 W (KLL)
x
DL CONSTANT 40 W (KLL)
x
x
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 1x21/39 DIM
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 2x14/24 DIM
HO 80 W CONSTANT (T5)
x
x
HO 54 W CONSTANT (T5)
x
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) - T/E 2x18-42 DIM
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) 1x14/24 DIM
HO 39 W CONSTANT (T5)
QTi DALI/QTi (1…10 V) - T/E 1x18-57 DIM
ECG
HO 24 W CONSTANT (T5)
D T/E CONSTANT 26 W (KLL)
Lamp
*)
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
4.9.1 Falling below the min. dimmer setting at low
temperatures
QTi DALI/DIM operating principle: “Power Boost” and
amalgam lamps
The amalgam releases as much mercury as needed for the
discharge and, as a result, minimizes the drop in luminous
flux in hot or cold temperatures. After a change to the operational mode, however, it takes a few minutes until the
mercury balance is readjusted. If the lamp is switched off
for a longer period of time – no discharge and no mercury
needed – the amalgam collects all of the mercury. The mercury deficiency occurs with a new start, recognizable by
the “pink phase”.
If the lamp is dimmed at this point, its voltage can rise and
the discharge can become unstable. This is where the
“Power Boost” of the QTi DALI/DIM comes into play: It automatically increases the lamp wattage in order to reduce
the voltage and to stabilize discharge. When the amalgam
has then released enough mercury through the resulting
warming, the output is automatically reduced again and the
lamp remains stable while being dimmed.
The QTi DALI/DIM uses its internal temperature sensor to
switch off the electrode heating only when the temperature
is high enough. This allows an additional increase in the luminous flux in cold amalgam lamps: The temperature at
which the luminous flux falls below the 90-% line falls from
5 °C to 0 °C.
QTi DALI/DIM: Extremely high luminous flux over an
expanded temperature range
Relative luminous flux [%]
Φ (T) curves of T5 lamps with QTi DALI/DIM
90 %
T5 Standard
T5 CONSTANT
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
The “Power Boost” also works with standard lamps:
At extremely low temperatures, it automatically increases the lamp wattage as needed and always enables stable, fl icker-free operation.
20
10
0
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Lamp ambient temperature [ °C]
“Power Boost” and lamp start with HO-CONSTANT
24-W lamp
ECG power [W]
Rel. Luminous flux [%]
10
9
4.9.2 The advantages of amalgam technology
Note:
Dimming amalgam lamps is also suitable for outdoor
applications. It must be ensured that the ECG is sufficiently
protected from external influences (IP67).
8
7
Relative luminous flux vs. ambient temperature
in the luminaire of T5 HO Standard and T5 HO
CONSTANT lamps
6
5
4
3
T5 HO Standard
T5 HO CONSTANT
Relative luminous flux [%]
2
100
1
90
80
0
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100 120 140 160 180 200
Time [s]
70
a
60
b
50
QTi DALI/DIM operating principle with CONSTANT lamps:
Relative luminous flux > 90 % over additionally expanded
temperature range of 0 °C to 70 °C.
Standard T5 lamps reach their luminous flux optimum at an
ambient temperature of 35 °C – but only if the mercury balance is not influenced by the additional electrode heating.
The QTi-DALI/DIM devices, therefore, have a “cut-off”; i.e.
they switch off the electrode heating when it is not needed.
40
It is clear that amalgam lamps put out more light at lower
ambient temperatures when the electrodes are heated
slightly. At high temperatures however, this effect is reversed.
The expanded temperature range of the new OSRAM
T5 HO CONSTANT (b) compared to the T5 HO Standard (a).
30
20
10
0
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Lamp ambient temperature [ °C]
37
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Additional properties of dimmable control gears from OSRAM
More light from new luminaires thanks to amalgam technology
— High-wattage downlights
Up to 20 %
more light
38
— High-wattage floor-standing
luminaires
— Street luminaires with DL 55 W
— Handrail luminaires
Up to 20 %
more light
—
—
—
—
—
—
Tunnel lighting
Wallwashers for outdoor areas
High-wattage, tight office luminaires
Hall lighting
Parking garage luminaires
Refrigerated display cases
Up to 30 %
more light
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | System power consumption and dimmer setting
5 System power consumption
and dimmer setting
Because a primarily linear correlation exists between the
power consumption of the DALI/DIM systems (lamp and
ECG) and the dimmer setting, the power consumption
PN(d) can be calculated for every dimmer setting d from
the values PN10 % (rated power 100 %, PN = “power nominal”) and PN % (rated power 1 %; depends on lamp ECG
combination, available upon request):
Linear correlation: Dimmer setting and power
consumption system
Power consumption system [%]
100
Additional savings
80
Saving
50
Consumption
Reduction in
the new value
according to
EN 12464
4-10*
1
100
Luminous flux [%]
* 1/3 own consumption and 2/3 lamp heating
39
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Dimming compact fluorescent lamps
6 Dimming compact fluorescent lamps
Lamp variety with an ECG
DULUX T/E 18 W and T/E 57 W can be operated on an ECG
with the new KLL-MULTI-lamp ECGs. All 2-lamp downlights
can be equipped for 2x18, 2x26, 2x32 and 2x42 W with a
single 2-lamp DIM ECG. DALI/Touch DIM or Touch DIM
sensor interfaces can be optionally ordered 13). The
user is able to continuously set the desired level of light by
dimming.
The QTi T/E system
DALI MCU
Radio switches without battery
TOUCH DIM
DALI
DALI
SENSOR
Radio receiver
13) Operation is also possible with 1…10-V interface
(QTi-T/E 1x18-57 DIM and QTi-T/E 2x18-42 DIM)
40
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Dimming compact fluorescent lamps
6.1 Characteristics of the OSRAM KLL ECGs
— The DULUX CONSTANT (amalgam) can also be operated on the DIM ECG
— Lamp start with optimized filament heating within 0.6 s
— 2-lamp ECG now as small as 1-lamp ECG (K3 housing)
— Dimming range 3…100 % luminous flux
— DALI and Touch DIM interfaces can be operated in an
ECG, for example, on DALI dimmer or Touch DIM sensor
— Highest energy efficiency thanks to “cut-off” technology
— Automatic safety shutdown of lamps in the event of a
defect or at end of life (EOL T2)
— Optional cable clamp for snap-in into housing
Principle of optional cable clamp for snapping into
housing
Numerous applications can be covered in the downlight area with just one type of luminaire in combination with the
new QTi-T/E-DALI/DIM generation from OSRAM. Therefore,
it is possible, for example, to easily and flexibly design dimmable lighting for a building with different ceiling heights
and varying luminaire installation locations (e.g. corridors,
foyer etc.). Multiple “lumen packages” are possible per
room. Thanks to optimized filament preheating, the lamp
starts within 0.6 seconds. As a result, the user does not
have to accept unnecessary waiting times after switching
on.
The intelligent QTi-T/E-DALI/DIM devices automatically
adapt the filament preheating at extremely low temperatures. This allows stable operation of amalgam lamps. Intelligent power reduction at excessive temperatures results in
a longer lifetime and reliable operation.
QTi T/E 2x18-42W DALI/DIM: Achievable in a single luminaire
Numerous applications can be covered with a single
type of luminaire …
— Dimmable lighting for a building with different ceiling
heights and varying luminaire installation locations (e.g.
corridors, foyer etc.) can be easily and flexibly designed.
— Multiple lumen packages are possible per room.
i
i
2x DULUX T/E 26 W
2x DULUX T/E 32 W
2x DULUX T/E 42 W
41
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | The DALI Group
7 The DALI Group
The “Activity Group DALI” (AG DALI) was created in 1999
under the umbrella of the “Zentralverband der Elektroindustrie e.V.” (ZVEI) in order to establish this new standard on
the market. In the meantime, the DALI Group has grown
out of AG DALI. All leading ECG and control unit manufacturers are represented in this community so as to be able
to develop and market their products in accordance with
DALI requirements. The DALI Group is an open community
which can be joined by anyone for a modest annual fee.
The DALI Group offers a “DALI manual” as well as additional informational brochures for download from their website.
Visit: www.dali-ag.org
Mailing address:
DALI Group
ZVEI Fachverband Licht
Lyoner Strasse 9
60528 Frankfurt am Main
Germany
Phone: +49 (0) 69 6302-0
Fax:
+49 (0) 69 6302-317
42
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Tender documents
8 Tender documents
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM for compact
fl uorescent lamps
Order reference depending on the type of lamp:
QTi DALI T/E … DIM
— Intelligent ECG with DALI interface according to IEC
60929
— OSRAM DULUX® T/E 18, 26, 32, 42 W and OSRAM
DULUX® compact fluorescent lamps
— T/E CONSTANT 26, 32, 42 W (amalgam lamps) with
dimming from 3 % to 100 %
— Warm start of the lamp within 0.6 seconds without ignition flash
— Manual dimming operation (Touch DIM) without any
control unit with standard installation push-button, incl.
memory function (double-click) and soft start
— Lifetime: 80,000 h at tc = 75 °C and a max. failure rate of
10 %
— Effective overtemperature protection of the DIM ECG
through intelligent power reduction at high tc temperatures
— 5-year System+ guarantee: There is a replacement for
every ECG that fails due to a material or manufacturer
defect, according to the conditions under
www.osram.com/guarantee
— CELMA energy classification EEI = A1 BAT
— Highest energy efficiency thanks to cut-off technology
— EoL shutdown according to EN/IEC 61347-2-3, section 17
— For use in emergency lighting systems according to
EN 50172/DIN VDE 0108-100
— Emergency power properties can be configured, light
value can be set without control signal between 100 %
and 3 % luminous flux.
— Quality marks: ENEC, VDE, EMV
— EN 60929, EN 61347-2-3, EN 55015, EN 61000-3-2,
EN 61547, EN 61000-3-3
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM for
T5-Ø-16-mm fl uorescent lamps
Order reference depending on the type of lamp:
QTi DALI … DIM
— Intelligent ECG with DALI interface according to IEC
60929
— Operation of T5-Ø-16-mm fluorescent lamps of the
same length in a single luminaire to flexibly adjust the
level of light
— Dimming from 1 % to 100 %
— Max. dimming speed for dynamic RGB color light application 5 ms, from 1 % to 100 % through optimized control of the filament heating
— Warm start of the lamp within 0.5 seconds without ignition flash
— Manual dimming operation (Touch DIM) without any
control unit with standard installation push-button, incl.
memory function (double-click) and soft start
— Lifetime: 80,000 h at tc = 75 °C and a max. failure rate of
10 %
— Effective overtemperature protection of the DIM ECG
through intelligent power reduction at high tc temperatures
— 5-year System+ guarantee: There is a replacement for
every ECG that fails due to a material or manufacturer
defect, according to the conditions under
www.osram.com/guarantee
— CELMA energy classification EEI = A1 BAT
— Highest energy efficiency thanks to cut-off technology
— EoL shutdown according to EN/IEC 61347-2-3, section 17
— For use in emergency lighting systems according to
EN 50172/DIN VDE 0108-100
— Emergency power properties can be configured, light
value can be set without control signal between 100 %
and 1 % luminous flux.
— Quality marks: ENEC, VDE, EMV
— EN 60929, EN 61347-2-3, EN 55015, EN 61000-3-2,
EN 61547, EN 61000-3-3
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM for
T8-Ø-26-mm fl uorescent lamps
Order reference depending on the type of lamp:
QTi DALI … DIM
— Intelligent ECG with DALI interface according to IEC
60929
— Commercially-available T8-Ø-26-mm fluorescent lamps
with dimming from 1 % to 100 %
— Max. dimming speed for dynamic RGB color light application 5 ms, from 1 % to 100 % through optimized control of the filament heating
— Warm start of the lamp within 0.5 seconds without ignition flash
— Manual dimming operation (Touch DIM) without any
control unit with standard installation push-button,
incl. memory function (double-click) and soft start
— Lifetime: 100,000 h at tc = 75 °C and a max. failure rate
of 10 %
— Effective overtemperature protection of the DIM ECG
through intelligent power reduction at high tc temperatures
— 5-year System+ guarantee: There is a replacement for
every ECG that fails due to a material or manufacturer
defect, according to the conditions under
www.osram.com/guarantee
— CELMA energy classification EEI = A1 BAT
— Highest energy efficiency thanks to cut-off technology
— EoL shutdown according to EN/IEC 61347-2-3, section 17
— For use in emergency lighting systems according to
EN 50172/DIN VDE 0108-100
— Emergency power properties can be configured, light
value can be set without control signal between 100 %
and 1 % luminous flux.
— Quality marks: ENEC, VDE, EMV
— EN 60929, EN 61347-2-3, EN 55015, EN 61000-3-2,
EN 61547, EN 61000-3-3
43
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Tender documents
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DIM (1…10 V) for
compact fl uorescent lamps
Order reference depending on the type of lamp:
QTi-T/E…DIM
— Intelligent ECG with 1…10-V interface according to IEC
60929
— OSRAM DULUX® T/E 18, 26, 32, 42 W and OSRAM DULUX®
T/E CONSTANT 26, 32, 42 W compact fluorescent
lamps (amalgam lamps) with dimming from 3 % to 100 %
— Warm start of the lamp within 0.6 seconds without ignition flash
— Lifetime: 80,000 h at tc = 75 °C and a max. failure rate of
10 %
— Effective overtemperature protection of the DIM ECG
through intelligent power reduction at high tc temperatures
— 5-year System+ guarantee: There is a replacement for
every ECG that fails due to a material or manufacturer
defect, according to the conditions under
www.osram.com/guarantee
— CELMA energy classification EEI = A1 BAT
— Highest energy efficiency thanks to cut-off technology
— EoL shutdown according to EN/IEC 61347-2-3, section 17
— For use in emergency lighting systems according to
EN 50172/DIN VDE 0108-100
— Quality marks: ENEC, VDE, EMV
— EN 60929, EN 61347-2-3, EN 55015, EN 61000-3-2,
EN 61547, EN 61000-3-3
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DIM (1…10 V) for
T5-Ø-16-mm fl uorescent lamps
Order reference depending on the type of lamp:
QTi … DIM
— Intelligent ECG with 1…10-V interface according to IEC
60929
— Operation of T5 fluorescent lamps of the same length in
a single luminaire to flexibly adjust the level of light
— Dimming from 1 % to 100 %
— Max. dimming speed for dynamic RGB color light application 5 ms, from 1 % to 100 % through optimized control of the filament heating
— Warm start of the lamp within 0.5 seconds without ignition flash
— Manual dimming operation (Touch DIM) without any
control unit with standard installation push-button, incl.
memory function (double-click) and soft start
— Lifetime 80,000 h at tc = 75 °C and a max. failure rate of
10 %
— 5-year System+ guarantee: There is a replacement for
every ECG that fails due to a material or manufacturer
defect, according to the conditions under
www.osram.com/guarantee
— CELMA energy classification EEI = A1 BAT
— Highest energy efficiency thanks to cut-off technology
— EoL shutdown according to EN/IEC 61347-2-3, section 17
44
— For use in emergency lighting systems according to
EN 50172/DIN VDE 0108-100
— Quality marks: ENEC, VDE, EMV
— EN 60929, EN 61347-2-3, EN 55015, EN 61000-3-2,
EN 61547, EN 61000-3-3
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DIM (1…10 V) for
T8-Ø-26-mm fl uorescent lamps
Order reference depending on the type of lamp:
QTi … DIM
— Intelligent ECG with 1…10-V interface according to IEC
60929
— Commercially-available T8-Ø-26-mm fluorescent lamps
with dimming from 1 % to 100 %
— Max. dimming speed for dynamic RGB color light application 5 ms, from 1 % to 100 % through optimized control of the filament heating
— Warm start of the lamp within 0.5 seconds without ignition flash
— Manual dimming operation (Touch DIM) without any
control unit with standard installation push-button, incl.
memory function (double-click) and soft start
— Lifetime: 100,000 h at tc = 75 °C and a max. failure rate
of 10 %
— 5-year System+ guarantee: There is a replacement for
every ECG that fails due to a material or manufacturer
defect, according to the conditions under
www.osram.com/guarantee
— CELMA energy classification EEI = A1 BAT
— Highest energy efficiency thanks to cut-off technology
— EoL shutdown according to EN/IEC 61347-2-3, section 17
— For use in emergency lighting systems according to
EN 50172/DIN VDE 0108-100
— Quality marks: ENEC, VDE, EMV
— EN 60929, EN 61347-2-3, EN 55015, EN 61000-3-2,
EN 61547, EN 61000-3-3
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
9 Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
9.1 DALI part
9.1.1 Touch DIM and Corridor Function
— Which push-buttons may be used?
Any push-button which is suitable for mains voltage may
be used, however, not push-buttons with glow lamps.
— Where are the Touch DIM and Corridor Functions
found?
Directly after switching on the ECG power supply: Activate the Corridor Function by permanently applying the
supply voltage (220 V–240 V) to the DALI input of the
ECG for at least 120 seconds (50 Hz) and 100 seconds
(60 Hz), respectively. Touch DIM can be accessed by
pressing and holding.
— Does Touch DIM only function with 230 V AC
voltage?
No, Touch DIM is possible from 10 V to 230 V
(effective value!) AC voltage.
— How do I navigate from the Corridor to the Touch
DIM Function?
Change from the Corridor Function to the Touch DIM
Function by pressing a push-button 5 times (at the DALI
input, 220 V-240 V) within 3 seconds.
Warning: Only individually tapping the push-buttons is
accepted; double-clicks are ignored when changing operating modes.
— Can a Touch DIM system be upgraded with a
DALI control unit?
Yes, an upgrade is possible at any time. The transition
of the DALI ECGs from Touch DIM to DALI occurs automatically after the power voltage disruption to the ECGs,
when sending the first DALI command.
Touch DIM and DALI are not allowed at the same time!
— May the Touch DIM Function and a DALI control
unit be used simultaneously?
No. Either a DALI control unit or the Touch DIM Function.
Touch DIM and DALI operation cancel each other out.
— How do the ECGs react after a power voltage
disruption?
QTi-series DALI ECGs automatically restart the previous
state. The switching state (on/off) as well as the dimmer
setting should be taken into account here.
— Can devices which are not in sync be
synchronized?
Yes, implement the following sequence:
— Hold the push-button pressed (> 3 s; all ECGs on)
— Briefly press the push-button (all ECGs are switched
off)
— Hold the push-button pressed (all ECGs switch on in
the lowest dimmer setting and dim up) ➔ Long-shortlong
— Can several DALI ECGs be attached to a single
push-button?
Up to 20 ECGs can be controlled by a push-button. Up
to 64 DALI ECGs can be operated in the Touch DIM
mode with a single DALI repeater.
— What is the maximum permissible line length
between the push-button and the ECG?
Additional measures must be taken for lines longer than
25 m in order to suppress disruptions (e.g. bell transformer).
— Can I also use DC voltage for Touch DIM?
No, it must be AC voltage with a frequency between
48 and 63 Hz.
— Can the motion function of the Touch DIM sensor
be temporarily switched off (vacation switching)?
Yes, so-called vacation switching prevents the motion
sensor switching it on. Activated by double-clicking the
push-button if dimming has not been triggered manually
beforehand within the last 30 seconds. The motion sensor is activated by pressing the push-button.
9.1.2 DALI in general
— Do the ECGs have to be addressed with DALI?
No, it will also work without addressing (broadcast
mode).
— What is the difference between DSI and DALI?
DSI is a company-specific solution, not a universal
manufacturer standard like DALI. Digital addressing is
not possible with DSI and, therefore, no free group
formation and no individual query is possible after errors. Groups must be formed through wiring, as in the
1…10-V technology.
— Does the DALI group assignment need to be
observed when wiring?
No, the group is not assigned (addressing) until first
commissioned.
— Does the polarity of the DALI control line need to
be observed?
The polarity does not have to be observed when using
OSRAM DALI control gears.
45
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
— How can DALI ECGs be addressed?
They can be addressed individually, in groups or all
together.
— Can existing 1…10-V control lines be used for
DALI?
Yes (line rated for mains voltage).
— Can I receive feedback from the DALI ECGs?
Yes, all device settings as well as the device status
(lamp malfunction, for example) can be queried.
— What is the maximum permissible length of the
control line?
Maximum 300 m is allowed between the control unit
and the farthest DALI consumer.
— Can a DALI ECG belong to several groups at once?
Yes. Each DALI control gear can belong to up to
16 groups.
— Where are the data for group membership and
scene light values saved?
It is saved directly in the ECG internal EEPROM.
— Are data in the ECG lost in the event of power
failure?
No, the data are permanently stored in the ECG. They
are also retained after a longer power failure.
— What happens when an ECG fails?
The ECG just needs to be replaced and equipped with
the corresponding individual settings (the procedure depends on the control unit used).
— What happens if a control unit is defective?
If the DALI interface voltage is lost, all ECGs implement
a so-called “system failure level” (factory setting: 100 %
light).
— Is it possible to integrate DALI into superordinate
building management systems (e.g. KNX or LON)?
Yes, using gateways or control units with the
corresponding interface.
— Is DALI a competitor of KNX or LON?
No, DALI works as a sub-system of the building
management system to control light.
— Can 1…10-V components be integrated into a DALI
light management system?
Yes, using a converter from DALI to 1…10 V.
— Can existing 1…10-V light systems be upgraded
with a DALI control unit?
Yes, only one converter from DALI to 1…10 V is
needed for each 1…10-V luminaire group (e.g. DALI
CON 1…10 SO).
— Can the wiring of the DALI ECGs be inspected at
the building site?
This depends on the control unit used. DALI ECGs
new from the factory are always set to 10 % light when
applying the mains voltage (with fuse).
— Which insulation should be used for the DALI
control line?
The DALI control line must be approved for mains voltage (as with the 1…10-V interface).
46
— Can control and supply lines be routed together?
Yes, a 5-x-1.5-mm2 NYM cable can be used, for
example.
— What should the cable cross section of the control line be?
— Up to 100 m: min. 0,5 mm2
— From 100 m to 150 m: 1,0 mm2
— From 150 m: 1,5 mm2
— Can anyone develop a DALI control unit or ECG?
Yes, there are no restrictions. Using the DALI logo,
however, is only allowed for members of the DALI
Group.
— What happens when DALI ECGs from different
manufacturers are used in a single system?
The devices are DALI-compliant if they bear the DALI
logo. However, bear in mind that as with the 1…10-V
technology, various filament preheating times in the
ECGs from different device manufacturers lead to
deviating lamp switch-on times.
— Can control units from different manufacturers be
combined?
No, only the DALI ECGs can be exchanged in a control
system, not the control components.
— Can a maximum and minimum luminous flux limit
be set?
Yes, the values can be changed/limited with the
corresponding control unit.
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
9.1.3 Converter from DALI to 1…10 V
— Can the converter from DALI to 1…10 V be used
for switching and dimming?
Yes, both are possible with the converter.
— Is the Touch DIM Function also possible with the
converter?
Yes, the converter acts just like a DALI ECG in Touch
DIM mode 1.
— Why does the converter have a characteristic
line switch?
It compensates for the different behaviors of the incandescent lamps and the fluorescent lamps. Depending
on whether the converter supplies fluorescent lamps/
ECGs or a dimmer for incandescent lamps, either a logarithmic (for fluorescent lamps) or linear (incandescent
lamps) characteristic line should be selected.
9.1.4 Troubleshooting Touch DIM mode
Before troubleshooting, please ensure that the device is
wired according to the operating instructions and that the
corresponding supply voltage is applied. In the case of luminaires, also inspect and, if necessary, exchange the light
source.
— ECGs do not react as expected to a push-button
being pressed.
If the push-button was held for too long (>1 second),
then the lamp starts on its lowest dimmer setting, which
is hard to see in bright surroundings.
— Individual luminaires vary in brightness, contrast
with one another.
➔ Manual synchronization of the system:
— Hold the push-button pressed (> 3 s; all lamps on)
— Briefly press the push-button (all lamps are switched
off)
— Hold the push-button pressed (all lamps switch on
in the lowest dimmer setting and dim up)
— The ECGs react without a push-button having
been pressed.
1. The line between the push-button and the luminaire
(ECG) may be too long.
2. A push-button with glow lamp was used; this is not
permitted.
— The motion detector of the Touch DIM sensor is
not working.
1. The luminaires were switched off by double-clicking
the push-button, thus deactivating the motion detection
function (vacation switching).
2. The existing daylight is sufficient. Cover the sensor
and observe the behavior of the luminaire.
3. The motion detector is deactivated for 30 s after
manual shutdown. This time only expires once there are
no longer any persons in the detection area.
— The luminaire does not control the brightness at
the adjusted setpoint.
1. You must press the push-button twice within 30 s
after setting the brightness (setpoint saving). Pressing
the push-button later activates the vacation switching.
2. Dimming was done manually – the brightness control
is thus deactivated. Switch the luminaire off and back
on again.
3. No setpoint wast saved. Set the desired light value,
save with double-click.
— The vacation switching cannot be activated.
The brightness was changed less than 30 s ago by
pressing the push-button – vacation switching can
only be activated after this period.
9.1.5 Troubleshooting DALI control gears
— The ECGs are not reacting to the command of the
control unit.
Please inspect the wiring; approx. 16 V DC must be
applied to the DALI terminal of the ECG.
9.1.6 Converter from DALI to 1…10 V
— Not all rows of luminaires can be switched off.
Please inspect whether the mains supply of the affected
rows of luminaires have been routed over the load contact of the corresponding converter.
9.2 1…10-V DIM ECG part
— What is the maximum permissible length of the
1…10-V control line?
The maximum permissible length of the control line is
100 m.
— What should the cable cross section of the
1…10-V control line be?
The recommended cross section is 1.5 mm². The
insulation of the cables used must be designed for
mains voltage.
— Can control and supply lines be routed together?
Routing control and supply lines together is permitted
(VDE 0100 520, section 528.11). The following points
should be taken into account:
— The lines used must be suitable for the highest
occurring operating voltage (VDE 0100/11.85, T520,
section 528.11).
— When routing multi-wire cables in cabling tubes or
channels, only the wire of a main current circuit and
those of associated auxiliary current circuits may be
laid together.
— Several main current circuits and their associated
auxiliary current circuits may be combined in a single
cable (according to DIN VDE 0100/11.85, T520,
section 528.11).
47
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
— How can I easily and cost-effectively control a
permanently set level of lighting?
Easily controlling preset levels of lighting with 100 %
or 1 % luminous flux and multiple values in between
is possible using fixed resistors or Zener diodes.
— Can dimmable 1…10-V ECGs from OSRAM be used
for emergency lighting?
Yes, however, using dimmable ECGs in emergency lighting systems is associated with additional costs. Components such as signal amplifiers, the ICM 10 or the module that holds the light constant would have been
destroyed when the DC voltage was connected. This
means that these components must be disconnected
from the mains when switching to a supply with DC
voltage.
— Can bi-pin base compact fl uorescent lamps be
dimmed?
No, ECG operation with bi-pin lamps is not generally
permitted. The glow igniter integrated into the base can
cause problems, such as poor and unreliable ignition,
shortened lifetime or destruction of the ECG. Additional
heating of the lamp electrodes is not possible in
dimmed operation, which would lead to a clearly shorter
lifetime. As a general rule, only 4-pin base lamps with
the designation /E (e. g. DULUX S/E, D/E, T/E) can be
operated on the ECG and used for dimming.
— Does continuous operation in the lower dimmer
setting infl uence the lifetime of fl uorescent
lamps?
Long-term operation of fluorescent lamps and ECGs
from OSRAM in dimmed states does not have a negative influence on the lifetime of the lamp.
48
9.2.1 Troubleshooting 1…10 V
— The lamp does not burn with 100 % luminous fl ux.
The control line is not or is incorrectly attached to the
control unit, or the current unit is insufficient as a current sink and, therefore, cannot reduce the control voltage. Inspect the wiring. Inspect whether the control voltage is reduced when dimming; if necessary, integrate
parallel resistance into the control line. Likewise, one or
more control inputs could be reverse-polarized:
— Disconnect control unit
— Split up control circuit
— Split up control circuit further
— Lamp always burns with minimum brightness.
Plus and minus connection of the control line are
switched, or short circuit in the control line. Connect
lines with right polarity, inspect wiring.
— The lamp does not exhibit the desired luminous
fl ux when controlled with potentiometer or fi xed
resistors.
The potentiometer or resistors are incorrectly dimensioned. Check the values.
— Insuffi cient brightness along the lamp.
Reflector distance to the lamp is too small; capacitive
leakage currents are occurring. Increase the distance
between the reflector and the lamp.
— Synchronized lamp fl ickering.
The error is outside the dimming system, for example,
N-wire disruption, control voltage not OK. Inspect the
N-wire connection and control unit.
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
10 Appendix
10.1 Inrush currents and maximum number of ECGs
with circuit breakers (B characteristics), measured
at
Inrush currents and maximum number of ECGs with
circuit breakers (B characteristics)
Product reference
10.2 DALI fade time and fade rate
The fade time is adjustable in 16 levels (0 to 15) and
designates the cross fade time between two scenes (room
light conditions). The fade rate, also adjustable in 16 levels,
designates the number of dimming steps executed every
second and is used for manual dimming processes.
I [A]
th [μs]
n (B10)
n (B16)
24
174
17 (B10)
28 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x35/49/80 DIM
28
224
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
Setting
Fade time (s)
Fade rate (steps/s)
0
<0.7
Not possible
QTi (DALI) 2x14/24 DIM
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
1
0.7
357.8
2
1.0
253.0
3
1.4
178.9
4
2.0
126.5
5
2.8
89.5
QTi (DALI) 1x14/24 DIM
QTi (DALI) 1x21/39 DIM
Fade time and fade rate dimmable
OSRAM DALI control gears
QTi (DALI) 1x28/54 DIM
QTi (DALI) 2x21/39 DIM
QTi (DALI) 2x28/54 DIM
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x35/49 DIM
QTi (DALI) 2x35/49/80 DIM
60
230
5 (B10)
9 (B16)
6
4.0
63.3
7
5.7
44.7
QTi (DALI) 3x14/24 DIM
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
8
8.0
31.6
9
11.3
22.4
QTi (DALI) 4x14/24 DIM
45
205
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
10
16.0
15.8
11
22.6
11.2
12
32.0
7.9
QTi (DALI) 1x18 DIM
QTi (DALI) 1x36 DIM
24
174
17 (B10)
28 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x58 DIM
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI)-T/E 1x18–57 DIM
(3…100 %)
28
224
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI)-T/E 2x18–42 DIM
(3…100 %)
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x18 DIM
QTi (DALI) 2x36 DIM
QTi (DALI) 2x36 DIM
QTi (DALI) 3x18 DIM
QTi (DALI) 4x18 DIM
13
45.3
5.6
14
64.0
3.9
15
90.5
2.8
I [A]: Amplitude of the inrush current
th [μs]: Pulse width
10.1.1 Trigger thresholds B/C characteristics
The trigger thresholds increase from the B to C characteristics by the factor 5/3 = 1.67, i.e. not quite by a factor of 2.
At the same time, however, the total current must not exceed the value of the circuit breakers.
49
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
10.3 Lamp wirings
QTi DALI/DIM 1x: Lines 26 and 27
Max. length: 1 m
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
–
UN ~
DA(–)
DA(+)
21
22
23
QTi 1x… 24
25
26
27
QTi DALI/DIM 2x: Lines 24, 25 and 26, 27
Max. length: 1 m
DA(–)
DA(+)
L
QTi DALI/DIM 3x
N/L ~
–
DA(–)
DA(+)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
UN ~
–
21
22
23
QTi 1x… 24
25
26
27
L
L
QTi DALI/DIM 4x
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
QTi 3x…DIM
QTi DALI 3x…DIM
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
N/L ~
–
DA(–)
DA(+)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
QTi 4x…DIM
QTi DALI 4x…DIM
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
QTi DALI/DIM 1x
QTi DALI/DIM 2x
~
– 220…240 V
DA
DA
QTi (DALI) T/E
1x…DIM
4
5
QTi (DALI) T/E
2x…DIM
21
22
23
24
50
–
+
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
5
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
~
– 220…240 V
DA
DA
–
+
1
2
3
4
5
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
Touch DIM Function wiring
L3
L2
L1
N
PE
~
~
DA
DA
Pushbutton
~
~
DA
DA
Touch DIM
sensor
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
Lamp
1
2
OSRAM DALI ECG
3
4
~
~
DA
DA
3
4
OSRAM DALI ECG
Lamp
1
2
3
4
Lamp
T PE N L1 L2 L3
Corridor Function wiring
L3
L2
L1
N
PE
1
2
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
Motion sensor
Lamp
1
2
3
4
~
~
DA
DA
3
4
OSRAM DALI ECG
Lamp
1
2
3
4
Lamp
T PE N L1 L2 L3
10.4 Design/dimensions
Luminaire installation housing:
1-lamp, all T5 and T8 lamps: 360 x 30 x 21 mm (L x W x H, metal housing)
2-lamp, all T5 and T8 lamps: 423 x 30 x 21 mm (L x W x H, metal housing)
1/2-lamp K3: 123 x 79 x 33 mm (L x W x H, plastic housing)
51
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
10.5 Operating parameters of lamp/ECG combinations
Product reference
Lamp
CONSTANT = Amalgam lamp
SLS = Seamless lamp
ES = Energy Saver lamp
XT = Longlife lamp
IN [A]
Lamp
[W]
System
[W]
N100 %*
System
[W]
N1 %*
Power
factor λ
QTi (DALI) 1x14/24 DIM
1xHE 14W (SLS**)
1xHE 13W ES
1xHO 24W (CONSTANT)
1xHO 20W ES
1xDL 24W
0.07
0.07
0.11
0.11
0.11
13.7
13.7
22.5
22.5
22.5
15.4
15.4
25.3
25.3
25.3
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
5.5
0.95
0.95
0.98
0.98
0.98
QTi (DALI) 1x21/39 DIM
1xHE 19W ES
1xHE 21W (SLS)
1xHO 34W ES
1xHO 39W (CONSTANT, SLS)
1xDL 22W HE
1xDL 40W (CONSTANT)
1xF 70W
0.11
0.11
0.18
0.18
0.11
0.18
0.29
20.7
20.7
38.0
38.0
20.7
38.0
60.0
23.1
23.1
41.8
41.8
23.1
41.8
65.2
5.5
5.5
7.0
7.0
5.5
7.0
8.5
0.95
0.95
0.98
0.98
0.95
0.98
0.99
QTi (DALI) 1x28/54 DIM
1xHE 25W ES
1xHE 28W (SLS)
1xHO 50W ES
1xHO 54W (CONSTANT, SLS, XT)
1xDL 55W (CONSTANT, XT)
1xDL 26W HE
1xDL 28W HE
0.14
0.14
0.26
0.26
0.26
0.14
0.14
27.8
27.8
53.8
53.8
53.8
27.8
27.8
30.1
30.1
58.8
58.8
58.8
30.1
30.1
6.5
6.5
8.5
8.5
8.5
6.5
6.5
0.97
0.97
0.99
0.99
0.99
0.97
0.97
QTi (DALI) 1x35/49/80 DIM
1xHE 32W ES
1xHE 35W (XT)
1xHO 45W ES
1xHO 49W (CONSTANT, XT,
CONSTANT XT****)
1xHO 73W ES
1xHO 80W (CONSTANT, XT,
CONSTANT XT)
1xDL 80W (CONSTANT)***
0.17
0.17
0.24
0.24
34.8
34.8
49.3
49.3
37.8
37.8
53.4
53.4
6.5
6.5
6.0
6.0
0.95
0.95
0.98
0.98
0.39
0.39
80.0
80.0
88.1
88.1
8.5
8.5
0.99
0.99
0.39
80.0
88.1
8.5
0.99
QTi (DALI) 2x14/24 DIM
2xHE 14W (SLS**)
2xHE 13W ES
2xHO 24W (CONSTANT)
2xHO 20W ES
2xDL 24W
0.14
0.14
0.22
0.22
0.22
13.7
13.7
22.5
22.5
22.5
30.6
30.6
49.3
49.3
49.3
8.2
8.2
9.8
9.8
9.8
0.95
0.95
0.98
0.98
0.98
QTi (DALI) 2x21/39 DIM
2xHE 19W ES
2xHE 21W (SLS)
2xHO 34W ES
2xHO 39W (CONSTANT, SLS)
2xDL 22W HE
2xDL 40W (CONSTANT)
2xF 70W
0.21
0.21
0.36
0.36
0.21
0.36
0.56
20.7
20.7
38.0
38.0
20.7
38.0
60.0
45.0
45.0
82.0
82.0
45.0
82.0
128.0
9.1
9.1
10.9
10.9
9.1
10.9
16.0
0.95
0.95
0.98
0.98
0.95
0.98
0.99
QTi (DALI) 2x28/54 DIM
2xHE 25W ES
2xHE 28W (SLS)
2xHO 50W ES
2xHO 54W (CONSTANT, SLS, XT)
2xDL 55W (CONSTANT, XT)
2xDL 26W HE
2xDL 28W HE
0.27
0.27
0.51
0.51
0.51
0.27
0.27
27.8
27.8
53.8
53.8
53.8
27.8
27.8
60.2
60.2
115.0
115.0
115.0
60.2
60.2
10.7
10.7
14.5
14.5
14.5
10.7
10.7
0.97
0.97
0.99
0.99
0.99
0.97
0.97
QTi (DALI) 2x35/49 DIM
2xHE 32W ES
2xHE 35W (XT)
2xHO 45W ES
2xHO 49W (CONSTANT, XT,
CONSTANT XT)
0.33
0.33
0.45
0.45
34.8
34.8
49.3
49.3
74.5
74.5
103.6
103.6
11.5
11.5
13.2
13.2
0.98
0.98
0.99
0.99
52
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
Product reference
Lamp
CONSTANT = Amalgam lamp
SLS = Seamless lamp
ES = Energy Saver lamp
XT = Longlife lamp
IN [A]
Lamp
[W]
System
[W]
N100 %*
System
[W]
N1 %*
Power
factor λ
QTi (DALI) 2x35/49/80 DIM
2xHE 32W ES
2xHE 35W (XT)
2xHO 45W ES
2xHO 49W (CONSTANT, XT,
CONSTANT XT)
2xHO 73W ES
2xHO 80W (CONSTANT, XT,
CONSTANT XT)
2xDL 80W (CONSTANT)***
0.34
0.34
0.45
0.45
34.7
34.7
48.5
48.5
74.0
74.0
101.0
101.0
11.0
11.0
12.1
12.1
0.95
0.95
0.97
0.97
0.72
0.72
77.0
77.0
165.0
165.0
17.4
17.4
0.99
0.99
0.72
77.0
165.0
17.4
0.99
QTi (DALI) 3x14/24 DIM
3xHE 14W
3xHE 13W ES
3xHO 24W (CONSTANT)
3xHO 20W ES
3xDL 24W
0.2
0.2
0.32
0.32
0.32
13.7
13.7
22.5
22.5
22.5
44.6
44.6
72.9
72.9
72.9
10.6
10.6
13.7
13.7
13.7
0.97
0.97
0.99
0.99
0.99
QTi (DALI) 4x14/24 DIM
4xHE 14W
4xHE 13W ES
4xHO 24W (CONSTANT)
4xHO 20W ES
4xDL 24W
0.27
0.27
0.43
0.43
0.43
13.7
13.7
22.5
22.5
22.5
60.2
60.2
97.9
97.9
97.9
14.9
14.9
18.2
18.2
18.2
0.97
0.97
0.99
0.99
0.99
QTi (DALI) 1x18 DIM
1xL 18W
1xDL 18W
0.08
0.08
16.0
16.0
18.3
18.3
5.5
5.5
0.97
0.97
QTi (DALI) 1x36 DIM
1xL 36W
1xDL 36W (XT)
0.16
0.16
32.0
32.0
36.0
36.0
6.5
6.5
0.98
0.98
QTi (DALI) 1x58 DIM
1xL 58W
0.25
50.0
55.6
8.0
0.99
QTi (DALI) 2x18 DIM
2xL 18W
2xDL 18W
0.16
0.16
16.0
16.0
36.5
36.5
8.5
8.5
0.97
0.97
QTi (DALI) 2x36 DIM
2xL 36W
2xDL 36W (XT)
0.31
0.31
32.0
32.0
69.0
69.0
11.0
11.0
0.98
0.98
QTi (DALI) 2x58 DIM
2xL 58W
0.47
50.0
108.0
14.4
0.99
QTi (DALI) 3x18 DIM
3xL 18W
0.24
16.0
54.1
11.6
0.98
QTi (DALI) 4x18 DIM
4xL 18W
0.31
16.0
70.6
15.9
0.99
QTi (DALI)-T/E 1x18–57 DIM
(3…100 %)
1xT/E 18W
1xD/E 26W (XT)
1xT/E 26W (CONSTANT)
1xT/E 32W (CONSTANT, XT)
1xT/E 42W (CONSTANT, XT)
0.09
0.13
0.13
0.16
0.21
17.7
25.1
25.1
32.0
42.7
20.0
29.0
29.0
36.0
47.0
4.5
5.8
5.8
6.2
6.6
0.95
0.97
0.97
0.98
0.99
1xFC
1xFC
1xDL
1xDL
0.12
0.20
0.12
0.20
21.9
40.0
21.9
40.0
26.0
45.0
26.0
45.0
5.2
6.5
5.2
6.5
0.96
0.98
0.96
0.98
2xT/E 18W
2xD/E 26W (XT)
2xT/E 26W (CONSTANT)
2xT/E 32W (CONSTANT, XT)
2xT/E 42W (CONSTANT, XT)
0.17
0.25
0.25
0.30
0.39
16.7
24.4
24.4
30.8
41.0
38.0
56.0
56.0
69.0
90.0
8.8
10.0
10.0
11.0
12.4
0.95
0.98
0.98
0.99
0.99
2xFC 22W
2xFC 40W
2xDL 24W
2xDL 40W
1xFC 22W+1xFC 40W
0.22
0.38
0.22
0.38
0.30
22.2
39.6
22.2
39.6
31.2
51.0
87.0
51.0
87.0
70.0
9.7
12.1
9.7
12.1
10.9
0.97
0.99
0.97
0.99
0.98
QTi (DALI)-T/E 2x18–42 DIM
(3…100 %)
22W
40W
24W
40W
* At +25 °C lamp ambient temperature
** Max. distance to the luminaire refl ector: 1 cm
*** Dimming time: 1 % – 100 % > 1 s
**** When IC < AA38XXXXXDG: Reduce dimming range to 25 % – 100 %
53
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
Product reference
t a [°C]
Full dimming range 1…100 %
kHz ECG
Weight
I [A]
t h [µs]
n (B10)
n (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x14/24 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
53…120
305
24
174
17 (B10)
28 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x21/39 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
44…120
305
24
174
17 (B10)
28 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x28/54 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
44…120
305
24
174
17 (B10)
28 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x35/49/80 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
44…120
305
28
224
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x14/24 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
53…120
370
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x21/39 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
44…120
370
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x28/54 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
44…120
370
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x35/49 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
44…120
370
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x35/49/80 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
44…120
370
60
230
5 (B10)
9 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 3x14/24 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
40…100
420
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 4x14/24 DIM
+10...50 (SLS HO: +15…50)
40…100
420
45
205
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x18 DIM
1xL 18W: -20...50
1xDL 18W: +10...50
51…120
305
24
174
17 (B10)
28 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x36 DIM
1xL 36W: -20...50
1xDL 36W (XT): +10...50
48…120
305
24
174
17 (B10)
28 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 1x58 DIM
-20...50
46…120
305
24
174
17 (B10)
28 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x18 DIM
2xL 18W: -20...50
2xDL 18W: +10...50
51…120
370
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x36 DIM
2xL 36W: -20...50
2xDL 36W (XT): +10...50
48…120
370
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 2x58 DIM
-20...50
46…120
370
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 3x18 DIM
-20...50
40…100
420
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI) 4x18 DIM
-20...50
40…100
420
35
180
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI)-T/E 1x18-57 DIM
(3…100%)
+10...50
42…130
206
28
224
12 (B10)
19 (B16)
QTi (DALI)-T/E 2x18-42 DIM
(3…100%)
+10...50
42…130
222
45
204
8 (B10)
13 (B16)
54
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
10.6 Energy classifications
Overview of IEC 62386
Digital Addressable Lighting Interface Standard IEC 62386
Typical control gears fall into the following classes according to the CELMA classification system:
— Class D: Magnetic control gears with extremely high
losses
— Class C: Magnetic control gears with moderate losses
— Class B2: Magnetic control gears with low losses
— Class B1: Magnetic control gears with extremely low
losses
— Class A3: Electronic control gears (ECGs)
— Class A2: Electronic control gears with reduced losses
— Class A1: Dimmable electronic control gears
Dimmable ECGs are classified as A1 BAT if they fulfill the
following requirements:
— With a light power setting of 100 %, the ECG achieves at
least the requirements according to A2 (OSRAM DIM
ECGs even achieve A2 BAT).
— With a light power setting of 25 %, the total power is the
same or less than 50 % of the power at the 100-% light
power setting.
— The ECG must be able to reduce the light intensity to
10 % or less than the maximum power.
— For DALI (switching off the light using the bus command
possible) standby consumption of the luminaire < 0.5 W
(OSRAM DALI-ECG < 0.2 W ➔ two ECGs per luminaire
possible).
Part 100:
General
requirements
Part 200:
Special requirements for control
gears
Part 300:
Special requirements for control
units
Part 101:
System
Part 201:
Fluorescent lamps
Part 301:
Push-button and
binary inputs 2)
Part 102:
Control gears
Part 202:
Emergency lighting
Part 302:
Light sensor 2)
Part 103:
Control units 1)
Part 203:
Part 303:
Discharge lamps (HID) Motion sensors 2)
Part 204:
Low-voltage halogen
lamps
Part 205:
Incandescent bulbs
Part 206:
Conversion to DC
Part 207:
LED modules
Part 208:
Switching function
10.7 Overview of the DALI standard (IEC 62386)
— Every ECG must fulfill part 102 (see table to the right).
— A single ECG may belong to more than one type of
device (see part 100, 200, 300).
— Specific commands and properties for ECGs are
defined and described in the parts numbered 2XX.
— Control units are described in parts 103 and 3XX.
Part 209:
Color control
Part 210:
Sequencer
1) In progress, available as IEC draft.
2) Working title, available as an IEC draft.
55
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
10.8 Installation instructions for the Corridor Function
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI GII, cable length: < 25 m
SMART
CORRIDOR
TOUCH DIM
GRID
FUNCTION
SENSOR
Integrated light management system
Corridor Function
DALI ECG
L1
N
PE
Max. 25 m for open
DALI line
Dimmable 1…100 %
Commercially available motion sensors or push-buttons
Cable length up to 100 m, solution with relay
L
N
Motion sensor
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
Relay
Motion sensors or push-buttons can be connected.
Only relay with contact distance > 3 mm (e.g. R12 from Eltako) permissible.
T
56
~
~
DA
DA
N L
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
Cable length up to 100 m, control transformer for compensation near the ECG (e.g. in a luminaire)
L
N
TR
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
Motion sensor
TR: Transformer U P = 230 V
US ≥ 12 V
PS ≥ 25 mW per ECG
T1 T2 N
L
Cable length up to 100 m, control transformer near the push-button (e.g. in the SD (sub-distributor) or an
FTB (flush-type box)).
L
N
TR
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
Motion sensor
TR: Transformer U P = 230 V
US ≥ 12 V
PS ≥ 25 mW per ECG
T1 T2 N
L
57
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | Appendix
Line length up to 100 m, compensation capacity
L
N
c
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
25 m
c
T
58
N L
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
~
~
DA
DA
OSRAM DALI ECG
QUICKTRONIC ® Intelligent DALI DIM | General application note
11 General application note
Creating a sample setup for new luminaires or those with
a change in design or application is recommended.
This sample setup should be accurately tested under the
conditions occurring in the application (ambient temperature, dimmer settings etc.).
A sample setup is the only way to make necessary design
adaptations to achieve the desired system properties
(e. g. distance changes lamp/luminaire components, type
of lamp mounting, altered cable layout etc.).
59
02/14 OSRAM S-GI MK EM Subject to technical changes and corrections.
www.osram.com
OSRAM GmbH
Head office:
Marcel-Breuer-Strasse 6
80807 Munich, Germany
Phone +49 89 6213-0
Fax
+49 89 6213-2020
www.osram.com
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