Sea Tel 9497B-21 System information

Sea Tel 9497B-21 System information
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL
FOR SEA TEL MODEL
9497B-21 DUAL C/QUAD KU-BAND TVRO ANTENNA
Sea Tel, Inc.
4030 Nelson Avenue
Concord, CA 94520
Tel: (925) 798-7979
Fax: (925) 798-7986
Web: : www.cobham.com\seatel
March 7, 2011
Sea Tel Europe
Unit 1, Orion Industrial Centre
Wide Lane, Swaythling
Southampton, UK S0 18 2HJ
Tel: 44 (0)23 80 671155
Fax: 44 (0)23 80 671166
Web: www.cobham.com\seatel
Sea Tel Inc doing business as Cobham SATCOM
Document. No. 132642 Revision A1
Sea Tel Marine Stabilized Antenna systems are manufactured in the United
States of America.
Sea Tel is an ISO 9001:2000 registered company. Certificate Number 19.2867 was issued
August 12, 2005. Sea Tel was originally registered on November 09, 1998.
R&TTE
CE
The Series 00 Family of Marine Stabilized Antenna Pedestals with DAC-97 or DAC-03 Antenna
Control Unit complied with the requirements of European Norms and European Standards EN
60945 (1997) and prETS 300 339 (1998-03) on April 6, 2004. Sea Tel document number
122982 European Union Declaration of Conformity for Marine Navigational Equipment is
available on request.
Copyright Notice
All Rights Reserved. The information contained in this document is proprietary to Sea Tel, Inc.. This document
may not be reproduced or distributed in any form without prior consent of Sea Tel, Inc. The information in
this document is subject to change without notice. Copyright © 2010 Sea Tel, Inc is doing business as
Cobham SATCOM.
This document has been registered with the U.S. Copyright Office.
ii
Revision History
REV
A
ECO#
N/A
Date
August 17, 2010
Description
Initial Production Release
iv
By
MDN
Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM .................................................................................................................................................................1-1
1.2. PURPOSE..................................................................................................................................................................................................................1-1
1.3. SYSTEM COMPONENTS........................................................................................................................................................................................1-1
1.4. GENERAL SCOPE OF THIS MANUAL....................................................................................................................................................................1-2
1.5. QUICK OVERVIEW OF CONTENTS......................................................................................................................................................................1-2
OPERATION ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1. SYSTEM POWER-UP ..............................................................................................................................................................................................2-1
2.2. ANTENNA INITIALIZATION ................................................................................................................................................................................2-1
2.3. ANTENNA STABILIZATION .................................................................................................................................................................................2-1
2.4. STABILIZED PEDESTAL ASSEMBLY OPERATION .............................................................................................................................................2-1
2.5. TRACKING OPERATION ........................................................................................................................................................................................2-1
2.6. ANTENNA POLARIZATION OPERATION............................................................................................................................................................2-1
2.7. LOW NOISE BLOCK CONVERTER OPERATION.................................................................................................................................................2-2
2.8. RADOME ASSEMBLY OPERATION ......................................................................................................................................................................2-2
BASIC SYSTEM INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1. SATELLITE BASICS ................................................................................................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.1. C-Band Receive Frequency (3.625-4.2GHz) .................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.2. Ku-Band Receive Frequency (10.95-12.75GHz) ............................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1.3. Blockage ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.4. Rain Fade ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 3-1
3.1.5. Signal level .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.6. Satellite Footprints ........................................................................................................................................................................ 3-2
3.1.7. Linear Satellite polarization ...................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2. ANTENNA BASICS .................................................................................................................................................................................................3-2
3.2.1. Unlimited Azimuth ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2.2. Elevation ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2.3. Feed Assembly ................................................................................................................................................................................. 3-3
3.2.4. Antenna polarization .................................................................................................................................................................... 3-3
3.2.5. Stabilization ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 3-3
3.2.6. Search Pattern .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3-3
3.2.7. Tracking Receiver - Satellite Identification Receiver ................................................................................................. 3-3
3.2.8. Tracking ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 3-3
3.3. COMPONENTS OF THE SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................................................ 3-4
3.3.1. Antenna ADE Assembly .............................................................................................................................................................. 3-5
3.3.2. Antenna Control Unit ................................................................................................................................................................... 3-5
3.3.3. Above Decks AC Power Supply ............................................................................................................................................... 3-6
3.3.4. Satellite Receivers ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3-6
3.3.5. Television/Monitor ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3-6
3.3.6. Matrix Switch..................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-6
INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.1. GENERAL CAUTIONS & WARNINGS .................................................................................................................................................................4-1
4.2. SITE SELECTION ABOARD SHIP .........................................................................................................................................................................4-2
4.3. PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION................................................................................................................................................................4-2
4.3.1. Unpack Shipping Crates .............................................................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.3.2. Inspect / Inventory........................................................................................................................................................................ 4-2
4.3.3. Prepare ADE Mounting Location ........................................................................................................................................... 4-2
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5.
6.
7.
4.3.4. Preparing BDE Location .............................................................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.3.5. Installing The System Cables .................................................................................................................................................. 4-3
4.4. PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION................................................................................................................................................................4-3
4.4.1. Unpack Shipping Crates .............................................................................................................................................................. 4-3
4.4.2. Inspect / Inventory........................................................................................................................................................................ 4-3
4.4.3. Prepare ADE Mounting Location ........................................................................................................................................... 4-3
4.4.4. Preparing BDE Location .............................................................................................................................................................. 4-3
4.4.5. Installing The System Cables .................................................................................................................................................. 4-3
4.5. INSTALLING THE ADE .........................................................................................................................................................................................4-3
4.6. INSTALLING THE ADE ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-17
4.7. INSTALL BDE EQUIPMENT .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4-17
4.7.1. ACU & TMS ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-17
4.7.2. Other BDE Equipment ............................................................................................................................................................... 4-17
4.8. CABLE TERMINATIONS ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-17
4.8.1. At The Radome .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4-17
4.8.2. ACU & TMS ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-18
4.8.3. Other BDE Equipment ............................................................................................................................................................... 4-18
4.9. FINAL ASSEMBLY ...............................................................................................................................................................................................4-18
4.9.1. Remove Stow Braces/Restraints.......................................................................................................................................... 4-18
4.9.2. Verify all assembly and Wiring connections ................................................................................................................ 4-18
4.9.3. Balance Antenna Pedestal ...................................................................................................................................................... 4-18
4.10. POWER-UP THE ADE ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-18
4.10.1. Initialization .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-18
4.10.2. Home Flag Position..................................................................................................................................................................... 4-18
4.10.3. BDE ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-18
4.11. SETUP ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................4-18
SETUP .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-1
5.1. OPERATOR SETTINGS ...........................................................................................................................................................................................5-1
5.2. OPTIMIZING TARGETING (AUTO TRIM) .........................................................................................................................................................5-1
5.3. OPTIMIZING TARGETING (MANUALLY) ..........................................................................................................................................................5-1
5.4. RADIATION HAZARD AND BLOCKAGE MAPPING (AZ LIMIT PARAMETERS) ........................................................................................ 5-1
5.5. TX POLARITY SETUP ............................................................................................................................................................................................5-2
5.6. TRACK DISP ........................................................................................................................................................................................................5-2
5.7. ACU FACTORY DEFAULT PARAMETER SETTINGS – SERIES 97B & 00B ANTENNAS ......................................................................... 5-3
FUNCTIONAL TESTING .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.1. ACU / ANTENNA SYSTEM CHECK ....................................................................................................................................................................6-1
6.2. LATITUDE/LONGITUDE AUTO-UPDATE CHECK .............................................................................................................................................6-1
6.3. SHIP HEADING – GYRO COMPASS FOLLOWING CHECK .............................................................................................................................. 6-1
6.4. AZIMUTH & ELEVATION DRIVE.........................................................................................................................................................................6-1
6.5. FOUR QUADRANT TRACKING TEST ..................................................................................................................................................................6-1
6.6. BLOCKAGE SIMULATION TEST...........................................................................................................................................................................6-2
MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................................................................................................. 7-1
7.1. WARRANTY INFORMATION ................................................................................................................................................................................7-1
7.2. RECOMMENDED PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE ...............................................................................................................................................7-1
7.2.1. Check ACU Parameters ............................................................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2.2. Latitude/Longitude Auto-Update check ............................................................................................................................ 7-1
7.2.3. Heading Following.......................................................................................................................................................................... 7-1
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Table of Contents
8.
7.2.4. Azimuth & Elevation Drive ......................................................................................................................................................... 7-2
7.2.5. Test Tracking ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 7-2
7.2.6. Visual Inspection - Radome & Pedestal .......................................................................................................................... 7-2
7.2.7. Mechanical Checks ........................................................................................................................................................................ 7-2
7.2.8. Check Balance ................................................................................................................................................................................... 7-2
7.2.9. Observe Antenna Initialization ............................................................................................................................................... 7-2
7.3. 400MHZ MODEM CONFIGURATION..............................................................................................................................................................7-3
7.4. 400 MHZ LED INDICATORS .............................................................................................................................................................................7-4
7.5. 400 MHZ MODEM SIGNALS.............................................................................................................................................................................7-4
7.5.1. Pedestal M&C .................................................................................................................................................................................... 7-4
7.5.2. Radio M&C .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 7-5
7.5.3. Channel Identification ................................................................................................................................................................. 7-5
7.6. TROUBLESHOOTING 400MHZ MODEM COMMUNICATION FAULTS ..................................................................................................... 7-6
7.6.1. 400MHz Modem Queries: .......................................................................................................................................................... 7-6
7.6.2. Modem Query Methods .............................................................................................................................................................. 7-6
7.6.3. Isolating a 400 MHz Modem Fault Procedure:............................................................................................................. 7-8
7.7. TROUBLESHOOTING...........................................................................................................................................................................................7-11
7.7.1. Theory Of Stabilization Operation ..................................................................................................................................... 7-11
7.7.2. Series 97B-21/00B-21 Dual C-Band OR Quad Ku-Band TVRO RF Flow ..................................................... 7-12
7.7.3. Antenna Initialization (Series 97B & Series 00 )........................................................................................................ 7-12
7.7.4. Troubleshooting using DacRemP ....................................................................................................................................... 7-13
7.7.5. Antenna Loop Error Monitoring .......................................................................................................................................... 7-14
7.7.6. Reference Sensor Monitoring .............................................................................................................................................. 7-15
7.7.7. Open Loop Rate Sensor Monitoring ................................................................................................................................. 7-17
7.7.8. Open Loop Motor Test .............................................................................................................................................................. 7-18
7.7.9. To Disable/Enable DishScan .................................................................................................................................................. 7-18
7.7.10. Satellite Reference Mode ........................................................................................................................................................ 7-18
7.7.11. To Read/Decode an ACU Error Code 0008 (Pedestal Function Error): ....................................................... 7-19
7.7.12. Remote GPS LAT/LON Position: ........................................................................................................................................... 7-21
7.8. MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................................................................................................................7-22
7.8.1. Balancing the Antenna ............................................................................................................................................................. 7-22
7.8.2. To Adjust Tilt: .................................................................................................................................................................................. 7-23
7.8.3. To Reset/Reinitialize the Antenna: ..................................................................................................................................... 7-25
7.9. PEDESTAL CONTROL UNIT CONFIGURATION (XX97B & XX00) ............................................................................................................ 7-25
7.9.1. To configure the PCU; ............................................................................................................................................................... 7-25
7.9.2. MODEL CONFIGURATION NUMBERS ............................................................................................................................ 7-25
7.10. ANTENNA STOWING PROCEDURE.................................................................................................................................................................. 7-26
9497B-21 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................................................. 8-1
8.1. 9497 ANTENNA REFLECTOR .............................................................................................................................................................................8-1
8.2. FEED ASSEMBLIES.................................................................................................................................................................................................8-1
8.2.1. TVRO-21 Dual C-Band / Quad Ku-Band Feed Assembly.......................................................................................... 8-1
8.3. STABILIZED ANTENNA PEDESTAL ASSEMBLY ................................................................................................................................................8-2
8.4. PEDESTAL CONTROL UNIT (PCU) ....................................................................................................................................................................8-2
8.5. 400 MHZ BASE & PEDESTAL UNLIMITED AZIMUTH MODEMS (3 CHANNEL) .................................................................................... 8-3
8.6. 144” RADOME ASSEMBLY .................................................................................................................................................................................8-3
8.7. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS (ADE)...........................................................................................................................................................8-4
8.8. CABLES ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................8-4
8.8.1. Antenna Control Cable (Provided from
ACU-MUX)
8-4
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Table of Contents
9.
8.8.2. Antenna L-Band TVRO IF Coax Cables (Customer Furnished) ............................................................................ 8-4
8.8.3. AC Power Cable (Pedestal & Rf Equipment) ................................................................................................................... 8-4
8.8.4. Gyro Compass Interface Cable (Customer Furnished) ............................................................................................ 8-5
8.8.5. Fiber Optic Transmitter (CFE Optional) ............................................................................................................................. 8-5
MODEL 9497B-21 DRAWINGS ........................................................................................................................................................... 9-1
9.1. MODEL 9497B-21 SPECIFIC DRAWINGS .....................................................................................................................................................9-1
9.2. SERIES 97A & 00 GENERAL DRAWINGS ........................................................................................................................................................9-1
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9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
1.
Introduction
Introduction
1.1.
General Description of system
Your Series 00 system is a fully stabilized antenna that has been designed and manufactured so as to be inherently
reliable, easy to maintain, and simple to operate. Except for start-ups, or when changing to operate with different
transponders or satellites, the equipment essentially permits unattended operation.
1.2.
Purpose
This shipboard Television Receive Only (TVRO) system provides you with satellite TV programming while inport or
underway. Your Antenna system will receive signals of adequately high E.I.R.P. levels (see the Specifications section of
this manual), in linear or circular polarization mode from any of the geosynchronous TV satellites at C-Band or Ku-band
frequencies (dependant upon currently installed feed assembly). This input will be distributed to all of your satellite TV
receivers which will provide the Audio/Video to your Televisions. Many satellites also provide CD quality audio
programming which may also be routed to your stereo equipment.
1.3.
System Components
Your TVRO Antenna system consists of two major groups of equipment; an above-decks group and a below-decks
group. Each group is comprised of, but is not limited to, the items listed below. All equipment comprising the Above
Decks is incorporated inside the radome assembly and is integrated into a single operational entity. For inputs, this
system requires only an unobstructed line-of-sight view to the satellite, Gyro Compass input and AC electrical power.
Video and Audio outputs from your satellite receivers are available for distribution and monitoring.
For more information about these components, refer to the Basic System Information section of this manual.
A. Above-Decks Equipment (ADE) Group
1. Stabilized antenna pedestal
2. Antenna Reflector
3. Feed Assembly with LNB(s)
4. Radome Assembly
B. Below-Decks Equipment Group
5. Antenna Control Unit
6. 2 or 4 input Matrix Switch with desired number of outputs (one output to the ACU plus enough outputs for
the installed satellite receivers).
7. Satellite Video Receiver(s) & Television(s)
8. Control, RF and Video cables
1-1
Introduction
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Figure 1-1 TVRO Simplified Block Diagram
1.4.
General scope of this manual
This manual describes the Sea Tel Antenna (also called the Above Decks Equipment), its’ operation and installation.
Refer to the manual provided with your Antenna Control Unit for its’ installation and operating instructions.
1.5.
Quick Overview of contents
The information in this manual is organized into chapters. Operation, basic system information, installation, setup,
functional testing, maintenance, specifications and drawings relating to this Antenna are all contained in this manual
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9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
2.
Operation
Operation
2.1.
System Power-up
Turn the Power switch on the louvered panel of the antenna pedestal ON. This will energize the antenna pedestal and
the associated RF equipment.
Turn the Power switch on rear panel of the Antenna Control Unit (ACU) ON.
2.2.
Antenna Initialization
A functional operation check can be made on the antenna stabilization system by observing its behavior during the 4
phases of initialization.
Turn the pedestal power supply ON. The PCU will initialize the stabilized portion of the mass to be level with the
horizon and at a prescribed Azimuth and Elevation angles. The antenna will go through the specific sequence of steps
(listed below) to initialize the antenna. These phases initialize the level cage, elevation, cross-level and azimuth to
predetermined starting positions.
Initialization is completed in the following phases, each phase must complete properly for the antenna to operate
properly (post-initialization).
1. Level Cage is driven CCW, issuing extra steps to assure that the cage is all the way to the mechanical stop.
Then the Level cage will be driven exactly 45.0 degrees CW.
2. Elevation axis activates - Input from the LV axis of the tilt sensor is used to drive the Elevation of the
equipment frame to bring the tilt sensor LV axis to level (this results in the dish being at an elevation angle of
45.0 degrees).
3. Cross-Level axis activates - Input from the CL axis of the tilt sensor is used to drive Cross-Level of the
equipment frame to bring the cross-level axis of the tilt sensor to level (this results in the tilt of the CrossLevel Beam being level).
4. Azimuth axis activates - Antenna drives in azimuth until the “Home Flag” signal is produced. This signal is
produced by a Home Switch hitting a cam or by a Hall Effect sensor in close proximity to a Magnet.
This completes the phases of initialization. At this time the antenna elevation should 45.0 degrees and Relative
azimuth should be at be at home flag (home switch engaged on the home flag cam).
If any of theses steps fail, or the Antenna Control Unit reports model number as "xx97" re-configure the PCU as
described in section the Setup section of this manual. If initialization still fails, refer to the troubleshooting section of
this manual.
2.3.
Antenna Stabilization
After initialization has completed, real-time stabilization of the antenna is an automatic function of the PCU.
2.4.
Stabilized Pedestal Assembly Operation
Operation of the stabilized antenna Pedestal Control Unit (PCU) is accomplished remotely by the Antenna Control Unit
(ACU). Refer to the Operation section of the Antenna Control Unit manual for more specific operation details. There
are no other operating instructions applicable to the pedestal assembly by itself.
2.5.
Tracking Operation
Tracking optimizes the antenna pointing, in very fine step increments, to maximize the level of the satellite signal
being received. The mode of tracking used in this antenna is a variation of Conical Scanning called DishScan.
DishScan continuously drives the antenna in a very small circular pattern at 60 RPM. The ACU evaluates the received
signal throughout each rotation to determine where the strongest signal level is (Up, Right, Down or Left) and issues
the appropriate Azimuth and/or Elevation steps to the antenna, as needed.
You cannot control tracking from the pedestal itself. Refer to the ACU manual for tracking operation information.
2.6.
Antenna Polarization Operation
Linear feeds are equipped with a polarization motor and potentiometer feedback and are controlled from the Antenna
Control Unit. Auto-Polarization mode is the default polarization mode of operation from the ACU. Polarization may
2-1
Operation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
be operated manually from the ACU for diagnostic or alignment purposes. Refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual
for more operation information.
2.7.
Low Noise Block Converter Operation
There are no operating instructions or controls applicable to the LNB. This unit is energized whenever the matrix
switch and satellite receiver(s) have AC power connected to them.
Satellite signals are either circular polarized (spiraling plane down from the satellite) or linear polarized (fixed plane
down from the satellite). The pedestal will receive circular polarization signals when a circular LNB is installed on the
back of the dish. Conversely, the pedestal will only receive linear polarized signals when a linear LNB is installed.
2.8.
Radome Assembly Operation
When operating the system it is necessary that the radome access hatch (and/or side door) be closed and secured in
place at all times. This prevents rain, salt water and wind from entering the radome. Water and excessive
condensation promote rust & corrosion of the antenna pedestal. Wind gusts will disturb the antenna pointing.
There are no other operating instructions applicable to the radome assembly by itself.
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9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
3.
Basic System Information
Basic System Information
This section provides you with some additional information about the satellites you will be using, basics of your Series antenna
system and some of the other equipment within your system configuration.
3.1.
Satellite Basics
The satellites are in orbit at an altitude of 22,754 miles and are positioned directly above the equator. Their orbital
velocity matches the Earth’s rotational speed, therefore, each appears to remain at a fixed position in the sky (as
viewed from your location).
Your antenna can be used with any of the satellites in this orbit that have a strong enough receive signal level. Your
antenna is capable of being fitted with a Linear or Circular feed assembly. The feed may be designed to operate at CBand frequencies, Ku-Band frequencies or be capable of operation in both bands. With the correct feed assembly you
will be able to receive the linear or circular signal at the specific frequency range of the desired satellite.
3.1.1.
C-Band Receive Frequency (3.625-4.2GHz)
At these frequencies the signal from the satellite travels only in a straight line and is affected by weather
changes in the atmosphere. There are several conditions that can cause a temporary loss of satellite signal,
even within an area where the signal level is known to be adequate. The most common of these normal
temporary losses are blockage and rain fade. They will interrupt services only as long as the cause of the
loss persists.
3.1.2.
Ku-Band Receive Frequency (10.95-12.75GHz)
At these frequencies the signal from the satellite travels only in a straight line and is affected by weather
changes in the atmosphere. There are several conditions that can cause a temporary loss of satellite signal,
even within an area where the signal level is known to be adequate. The most common of these normal
temporary losses are blockage and rain fade. They will interrupt services only as long as the cause of the
loss persists.
3.1.3.
Blockage
Blockage is loss due to an object in the path of the signal from the satellite to the dish. If an object that is
large and dense is positioned in the path of the signal from the satellite, it will prevent sufficient signal from
arriving at the dish. The signal can not bend around, or penetrate through, these objects and the reception
will be degraded or completely interrupted. The dish is actively driven to remain pointed at the satellite
(toward the equator) so, as the ship turns a mast or raised structure of your ship may become positioned
between the satellite and the dish. Blockage may also be caused a anything standing near the radome, tall
mountains, buildings, bridges, cranes or other larger ships near your ship. Moving or rotating the ship to
position the antenna where it has an unobstructed view to the desired satellite will restore the antennas’
ability to receive the satellite signal.
3.1.4.
Rain Fade
Atmospheric conditions that may cause sufficient loss of signal level include rain, snow, heavy fog and some
solar activities (sun spot and flare activity). The most common of these is referred to as “rain fade”. Rain
drops in the atmosphere reduce the signal from the satellite. The heavier the rain the higher the amount of
signal loss. When the amount of loss is high enough, the antenna will not be able to stay locked onto the
satellite signal. When the amount of rain has decreased sufficiently, the antenna will re-acquire the satellite
signal. In a strong signal area, rain fall of about four inches per hour will cause complete loss of signal. In
weaker signal areas the effects would be more pronounced.
3.1.5.
Signal level
The level of the receive signal is dependant upon how powerful the transmission is, how wide the signal beam
is, and what the coverage area is. Focusing the signal into a narrower beam concentrates its energy over a
smaller geographic area, thereby increasing the signal level throughout that area of coverage. This makes it
possible for you to use a smaller antenna size to receive that satellite signal. The antenna system must be
geographically located in an area where the signal level from the satellite meets (or exceeds) the minimum
3-1
Basic System Information
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
satellite signal level required for your size of antenna (refer to the Specifications section of this manual) to
provide suitable reception. This limits the number of satellites that can be used and the geographic areas
where the ship can travel where the signal level is expected to be strong enough to continue providing
uninterrupted reception. When traveling outside this minimum signal coverage area, it is normal for the
system to experience an interruption in its ability to provide the desired satellite services until entering (or reentering) an area of adequate signal level.
3.1.6.
Satellite Footprints
The focused beam(s) from the satellites are normally aimed at the major land masses where there are large
population centers. Footprint charts graphically display the signal level expected to be received in different
geographic locations within the area of coverage. The signal will always be strongest in the center of the
coverage area and weaker out toward the outer edges of the pattern. The coverage areas are intended to be
a guide to reception, however, the actual coverage area and signal level and vary. Also the signal strength is
affected by weather.
3.1.7.
Linear Satellite polarization
Satellites may transmit their signals in
one of two different polarization
modes. The feed installed on your
antenna must be designed to operate
with linear polarized satellite
transmissions.
Circular polarized satellite
transmissions do not require
polarization adjustment to optimize
the reception.
Linear polarized satellite transmissions
require periodic adjustment of
Figure 3-1 Satellite Signal Polarization
“polarization” to optimize the
alignment of the LNB to the angle of the signal from the satellite.
When you are at the same longitude as the satellite, its’ horizontal and vertical signals will be aligned to your
local horizon. When you are east or west of the satellite, the signals will appear to be rotated clockwise or
counter-clockwise from your local horizontal and vertical. Both horizontal and vertical signals from a satellite
will appear to be rotated the same amount and are always perpendicular to each other. The amount of
rotation is dependent on how far east or west you are form the satellite and how close you are to the
Equator.
3.2.
Antenna Basics
The following information is provided to explain some of the basic functions of the antenna:
3.2.1.
Unlimited Azimuth
Azimuth rotation of the antenna is unlimited (no mechanical stops). Azimuth drive, provided by the azimuth
motor, is required during stabilization, searching and tracking operations of the antenna. When the ship turns,
azimuth is driven in the opposite direction to remain pointed at the satellite. The actual azimuth pointing
angle to the satellite is determined by your latitude & longitude and the longitude of the satellite. It is
important to know that the antenna should be pointed (generally) toward the equator.
The azimuth angle to the satellite would be 180 degrees true (relative to true north) if the satellite is on the
same longitude that you are on. If the satellite is east, or west, of your longitude the azimuth will be less than,
or greater than 180 degrees respectively.
When checking for blockage you can visually look over the antenna radome toward the equator to see if any
objects are in that sighted area. If you are not able to find any satellites it may also be useful to remove the
radome hatch to visually see if the dish is aimed the correct direction (towards the equator).
3.2.2.
Elevation
In normal operation the elevation of the antenna will be between 00.0 (horizon) and 90.0 (zenith). The
antenna can physically be rotated in elevation below horizon and beyond zenith to allow for ship motion.
Elevation drive, provided by the elevation motor, is required during stabilization, searching and tracking
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9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Basic System Information
operations of the antenna. The actual elevation pointing angle to the satellite is determined by your latitude
& longitude and the longitude of the satellite. In general terms the elevation angle will be low when you are
at a high latitudes and will increase as you get closer to the equator.
Additionally, from any given latitude, the elevation will be highest when the satellite is at the same longitude
that you are on. If the satellite is east, or west, of your longitude the elevation angle will be lower.
3.2.3.
Feed Assembly
The scalar section of the feed is fitted with a polarization motor and a potentiometer for position feedback
required for linear signal operation. The feed may be fitted for Linear or Circular reception. The appropriate
LNA, LNB or LNC must be installed on the Linear or Circular section of the feed to receive the frequencies of
the desired satellite.
When a Linear feed is installed, the ACU automatically adjusts the feed by remotely controlling the 24 volt
DC motor, using the potentiometer feedback for Linear polarization position (Auto-Polarization mode).
When a Circular feed is installed, no polarization adjustment is required because the circular feed receives the
signal properly regardless of its polarization position.
The feed may be dual band (C-Band and Ku-Band) allowing you to use either band. The Tracking - Band
Selection remotely controls coax switches mounted on the antenna pedestal to select which LNB outputs are
routed through the antenna pedestal to the Below Decks Equipment.
3.2.4.
Antenna polarization
You have a linear polarization feed installed, the system should have been adjusted properly and set-up to
operate in Auto-Polarization mode. The ACU will then automatically adjust the polarization of the feed, as
necessary, while the ship travels in Latitude and Longitude.
3.2.5.
Stabilization
Your antenna is stabilized in all three axes of motion. Stabilization is the process of de-coupling the ships’
motion from the antenna. Simply put, this allows the antenna to remain pointed at a point in space while the
boat turns, rolls or pitches under it. To accomplish this, the Pedestal Control Unit (PCU) on the antenna
pedestal assembly senses the motion and applies drive to the appropriate motor(s) in opposition to the
sensed motion. Azimuth (AZ), Elevation (EL) and Cross-Level (left-right tilt) are actively stabilized
automatically by the PCU as part of its normal operation.
3.2.6.
Search Pattern
Whenever the desired satellite signal is lost (such as when the antenna is blocked) the Antenna Control Unit
will automatically initiated a Search to re-acquire the desired signal.
Search is conducted in a two-axis pattern consisting of alternate movements in azimuth and elevation. The
size and direction of the movements are increased and reversed every other time resulting in an expanding
square pattern.
When the antenna is able to re-acquire the desired signal the ACU will automatically stop searching and begin
Tracking the signal to optimize the pointing of the antenna to get the highest signal level from the satellite.
3.2.7.
Tracking Receiver - Satellite Identification Receiver
The Satellite Identification Receiver located in the Antenna Control Unit (ACU) is used to acquire, identify
and track a specific satellite by its unique hexadecimal ID code. When properly setup, the settings for the
satellite are saved to expedite future acquisition of the desired satellite.
When searching for the selected satellite this receiver compares the present satellite ID to the targeted
satellite ID code. If the ID code does not match the antenna will continue searching until the correct satellite
is found. The system must have adequate satellite signal level, AND the matching NID, to stop searching (and
begin tracking the desired satellite).
3.2.8.
Tracking
Your Antenna Control Unit actively optimizes the pointing of the dish for maximum signal reception. This
process is called tracking and is accomplished by continuously making small movements of the dish while
monitoring the level of the received signal. Evaluation of this information is used to continuously move the
stabilization point toward peak satellite signal reception. These minor pointing corrections keep the signal
level “peaked” as part of normal operation.
3-3
Basic System Information
3.3.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Components of the System Configuration
Figure 3-2 TVRO Simplified Block Diagram
The following text provides a basic functional overview of the system components and component interconnection as
referred to in the simplified block diagram for your Series antenna. Also, refer to the appropriate page of the System
Block Diagram which depicts your system configuration.
3-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
3.3.1.
Basic System Information
Antenna ADE Assembly
The Above Decks Equipment consists of an Antenna Pedestal inside a Radome assembly. The pedestal
consists of a satellite antenna dish & feed with a linear, or a circular Low Noise Block converter (LNB) with
polarization motor mounted on a stabilized antenna pedestal. The radome provides an environmental
enclosure for the antenna pedestal assembly
inside it. This keeps wind, water
condensation and salt-water spray off the
antenna pedestal assembly. This prevents
damage and corrosion that would shorten
the expected life span of the equipment.
The antenna control cable is connected
between the antenna radome assembly and
the antenna control panel. This cable
provides DC voltage to the antenna and all
control signals to and from the antenna.
Six RG-6 (or better) coax cables are
connected from the antenna radome
assembly to the below decks equipment.
One of these cables is the Antenna Control
Cable, which has the DC operating voltage
for the antenna and the antenna control
communication between the Antenna
Control Unit and the Pedestal Control Unit.
Four cables carry the intermediate frequency
(950-2050MHz) signals from the antenna
assembly directly to the matrix switch and
the DC Voltage & Tone switching from the
Matrix Switch to the a the LNB. All four are
Figure 3-3 Series 97 TVRO Above Decks Equipment
provided, even if you are only currently using
two for the LNB you presently have installed on your antenna. These cables ultimately provide the input
signal into the satellite receiver(s). And finally, one coax is installed as a spare.
3.3.2.
Antenna Control Unit
The Antenna Control Unit allows the operator to control and monitor the antenna pedestal with dedicated
function buttons, LED’s and a 2 line display. The ACU and its Terminal Mounting Strip are normally mounted
in a standard 19” equipment rack. The ACU should be mounted in the front of the equipment rack where it is
easily accessible. The Terminal Mounting Strip is normally mounted on the rear of the equipment rack. It is
recommended that the antenna control unit be mounted near the Satellite modem location where you can
see the LED indicators while you are controlling the antenna.
The Antenna Control Unit is connected to the antenna, ships Gyro Compass (optional) and Satellite modem.
Figure 3-4 Antenna Control Unit
The Antenna Control Unit (ACU) communicates via an RS-422 full duplex data link with the Pedestal Control
Unit (PCU) located on the antenna. This control signal to/from the antenna is on the Coax cable along with
the 24VDC Pedestal power. The Pedestal Control Unit stabilizes the antenna against the ship's roll, pitch, and
turning motions. The ACU is the operator interface to the PCU and provides the user with a choice of
positioning commands to point the antenna, search commands to find the satellite signal and tracking
functions to maintain optimum pointing angle. The operator may choose to work from either the front panel,
using the M&C Port in conjunction with DacRemP remote diagnostic software, or the built in Ethernet port
and a internal HTML page using a standard internet browser.
3-5
Basic System Information
3.3.3.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Above Decks AC Power Supply
Pedestal Power - An appropriate source of AC Voltage (110 VAC 60 Hz OR 220 VAC 50 Hz) is required for
the above decks equipment. Refer to the Specifications section of this manual for the power consumption of
the antenna pedestal.
3.3.4.
Satellite Receivers
The TVRO Antenna system, with the appropriate LNB installed, can be used with standard European satellite
receivers, and Integrated Receiver-Decoders (IRD). Both can receive “free” programming, but an IRD is
required when the desired programming is encrypted. When authorized, it will decode the encrypted signals
for use. Authorizing the receiver-decoder is a process of registering your receiver(s) and paying subscription
fees to the service provider. The service provider then arranges for a signal to be sent through the satellite to
your receiver-decoder, which will “enable” it to decode the programming you subscribed to.
A coax connection from the antenna (via the matrix switch) provides signal input to the receiver. The
receiver also outputs voltage and tone control to the matrix switch to select the correct band and
polarization signal for the channel you want to watch. A coax connection from the TV OUTPUT jack on the
satellite receiver is connected to the ANTENNA INPUT on the television. Alternately, individual audio/video,
Audio & S-Video, or SCART cable connections may be made between the satellite receiver and the television.
3.3.5.
Television/Monitor
An appropriate television monitor is used to view the satellite television programming and to view the on
screen displays from the receiver.
3.3.6.
Matrix Switch
A matrix switch must be installed with all of the antenna IF coax cables connected to its’ LNB inputs. A coax
cable (RG-6 OR greater) is connected from each matrix switch output to each satellite receiver. Sea Tel
recommends that an ACTIVE Matrix be used in all installations. Matrix switches with 4, 8, 12 and 16 outputs
are available.
Each of the outputs can be connected to a satellite receiver, one of these outputs must be connected the
tracking receiver in the ACU. Each output of the matrix switch is controlled by voltage, and/or tone, from the
satellite connected to that output connector. This voltage, and/or tone, selects which of the input signals
gets routed to that output connector, therefore, to that receiver. Each output of the matrix switch operates
independently of the others, therefore, allows the satellite receivers to operate independently also. As you
change channels on the satellite receiver, it uses the voltage, and/or tone, to select the correct signal input for
the channel you have selected.
3-6
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.
Installation
Installation
This section contains instructions for unpacking, final assembly and installation of the equipment. It is highly recommended
that final assembly and installation of the Antenna system be performed by trained technicians. Read this complete section
before starting.
4.1.
General Cautions & Warnings
WARNING: Assure that all nut & bolt assemblies are tightened according the tightening
torque values listed below:
Bolt Size
Inch Pounds
1/4-20
75
5/l6-18
132
3/8-16
236
1/2-13
517
NOTE: All nuts and bolts should be assembled using the appropriate Loctite thread-locker
product number for the thread size of the hardware.
Loctite # Description
222
Low strength for small fasteners.
243
Medium strength, oil tolerant.
680
High strength for Motor Shafts & Sprockets.
271
Permanent strength for up to 1” diameter fasteners.
290
Wicking, High strength for fasteners which are already assembled.
WARNING: Hoisting with other than a webbed four-part sling may result in catastrophic
crushing of the radome. Refer to the specifications and drawings for the fully assembled weight
of your model Antenna/Radome and assure that equipment used to lift/hoist this system is
rated accordingly.
CAUTION: The antenna/radome assembly is very light for its size and is subject to large
swaying motions if hoisted under windy conditions. Always ensure that tag lines, attached to
the radome base frame, are attended while the antenna assembly is being hoisted to its
assigned location aboard ship.
WARNING: Electrical Hazard – Dangerous AC Voltages exist inside the Antenna Pedestal
Breaker Box. Observe proper safety precautions when working inside the Pedestal Breaker Box.
WARNING: Electrical Hazard – Dangerous AC Voltages exists on the side of the Antenna
Pedestal Power Supply. Observe proper safety precautions when working inside the Pedestal
Power Supply.
4-1
Installation
4.2.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Site Selection Aboard Ship
The radome assembly should be installed at a location aboard ship where:
•
The antenna has a clear line-of-sight to view as much of the sky (horizon to zenith at all bearings) as is practical.
•
X-Band (3cm) Navigational Radars:
•
•
The ADE should be mounted more than 0.6 meters/2 feet from 2kW (24 km) radars
•
The ADE should be mounted more than 2 meters/8 feet from 10kW (72 km) radars
•
The ADE should be mounted more than 4 meters/12 feet from 160kW (250km) radars
S-Band (10cm) Navigational Radars:
•
If the ADE is/has C-Band it should be mounted more than 4 meters/12 feet from the S-band Radar.
•
The ADE should not be mounted on the same plane as the ship's Radar, so that it is not directly in the Radar beam
path.
•
The ADE should be mounted more than 2.5 meters/8 feet from any high power MF/HF antennas (<400W).
•
The ADE should be mounted more than 4 meters/12 feet from any high power MF/HF antennas (1000W).
•
The ADE should also be mounted more than 4 meters/12 feet from any short range (VHF/UHF) antennae.
•
The ADE should be mounted more than 2.5 meters/8 feet away from any L-band satellite antenna.
•
The ADE should be mounted more than 3 meters/10 feet away from any magnetic compass installations.
•
The ADE should be mounted more than 2.5 meters/8 feet away from any GPS receiver antennae.
•
Another consideration for any satellite antenna mounting is multi-path signals (reflection of the satellite signal off
of nearby surfaces arriving out of phase with the direct signal from the satellite) to the antenna. This is
particularly a problem for the onboard GPS, and/or the GPS based Satellite Compass.
•
The Above Decks Equipment (ADE) and the Below Decks Equipment (BDE) should be positioned as close to one
another as possible. This is necessary to reduce the losses associated with long cable runs.
•
This mounting platform must also be robust enough to withstand the forces exerted by full rated wind load on the
radome.
•
The mounting location is robust enough that it will not flex or sway in ships motion and be sufficiently well reenforced to prevent flex and vibration forces from being exerted on the antenna and radome.
•
If the radome is to be mounted on a raised pedestal, it MUST have adequate size, wall thickness and gussets to
prevent flexing or swaying in ships motion. In simple terms it must be robust.
If these conditions cannot be entirely satisfied, the site selection will inevitably be a “best” compromise between the
various considerations.
4.3.
Preparing For The Installation
4.3.1.
Unpack Shipping Crates
Exercise caution when unpacking the equipment.
4.3.2.
Inspect / Inventory
Carefully inspect the radome panel surfaces for evidence of shipping damage. Inspect the pedestal assembly
and reflector for signs of shipping damage.
4.3.3.
Prepare ADE Mounting Location
Prepare the mounting location for the Radome. If the radome is to be bolted to the deck (or a platform)
assure that the mounting holes have been drilled. Assure that the mounting hardware has obtained and is
readily available.
4.3.4.
Preparing BDE Location
Prepare the mounting location for the Below Decks Equipment. These equipments would normally be
installed in a standard 19” equipment rack. Refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual for installation of the
ACU and the Terminal Mounting Strip.
Refer to the vendor supplied manuals for installation of the other below decks equipments.
4-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Installation
Prepare other locations throughout ship for any other equipment which is not co-located with the ACU.
4.3.5.
Installing The System Cables
Install appropriate cables from Below Decks Equipment to the ADE Location(s).
The cables must be routed from the above-decks equipment group through the deck and through various ship
spaces to the vicinity of the below-decks equipment group. When pulling the cables in place, avoid the use of
excessive force. Exercise caution during the cable installation to assure that the cables are not severely bent
(proper bend radius), kinked or twisted and that connectors are not damaged.
Assure that the cables have been run through watertight fittings and/or will not permit water entry into the
ship when the installation is completed. After cables have been routed and adjusted for correct cable length
at each end, seal the deck penetration glands and tie the cables securely in place.
4.4.
Preparing For The Installation
4.4.1.
Unpack Shipping Crates
Exercise caution when unpacking the equipment.
4.4.2.
Inspect / Inventory
Carefully inspect the radome panel surfaces for evidence of shipping damage. Inspect the pedestal assembly
and reflector for signs of shipping damage.
4.4.3.
Prepare ADE Mounting Location
Prepare the mounting location for the Radome. If the radome is to be bolted to the deck (or a platform)
assure that the mounting holes have been drilled. Assure that the mounting hardware has obtained and is
readily available.
4.4.4.
Preparing BDE Location
Prepare the mounting location for the Below Decks Equipment. These equipments would normally be
installed in a standard 19” equipment rack. Refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual for installation of the
ACU and the Terminal Mounting Strip.
Refer to the vendor supplied manuals for installation of the other below decks equipments.
Prepare other locations throughout ship for any other equipment which is not co-located with the ACU.
4.4.5.
Installing The System Cables
Install appropriate cables from Below Decks Equipment to the ADE Location(s).
The cables must be routed from the above-decks equipment group through the deck and through various ship
spaces to the vicinity of the below-decks equipment group. When pulling the cables in place, avoid the use of
excessive force. Exercise caution during the cable installation to assure that the cables are not severely bent
(proper bend radius), kinked or twisted and that connectors are not damaged.
Assure that the cables have been run through watertight fittings and/or will not permit water entry into the
ship when the installation is completed. After cables have been routed and adjusted for correct cable length
at each end, seal the deck penetration glands and tie the cables securely in place.
4.5.
Installing The ADE
4.5.1.
Sub-assemble the Base Frame Assembly
Refer to the Base Frame Assembly drawing for your system and the procedure below.
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, all nuts and bolts should be assembled
with Loctite 271 or its equivalent.
4-3
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
WARNING: Assure that all nut & bolt assemblies are tightened according the tightening torque
values listed below:
SAE Bolt Size
Inch Pounds
Metric Bolt Size
Kg-cm
1/4-20
75
M6
75.3
5/l6-18
132
M6
225
3/8-16
236
M12
622
1/2-13
517
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
4.5.2.
Place the radome base frame
on temporary support blocks,
or jack stands, at least 22
inches high.
Loosely assemble the eight
legs, eight interior braces and
4 outer braces to the under
side of the radome base
frame using the hardware
provided. Insure that a split
washer is used under each
nut.
Assure that the legs & braces
are correctly assembled.
Apply Loctite to the bolt
threads and tighten all the
hardware to specified torque.
Loosely assemble the eight
feet to the bottom end of the
legs using the hardware
provided. Insure that a split
washer is used under each nut
Remove the support blocks, or
jacks, and set the base frame
down on the flat, even,
assembly surface to align the
feet. Apply Loctite. And
tighten all the hardware to
specified torque.
Install the Base Hatch and
clamp the latches from the
under-side.
Sub-assemble the bottom panels of the 144” Radome Assembly
Refer to the Radome Assembly drawing for your system and the procedure below. It is best to have at least
TWO people sub-assembling the radome, one working from the inside and the other outside. Sub-assemble
the sections of the radome on a clean, flat location that is free of rocks & debris (ie concrete) to assure good
horizontal alignment of the panels.
If there are sufficient number of people available to each hold a panel while an additional person loosely
installs a bolt/nut high, mid and low on each flange, the bottom half of the radome can be assembled very
quickly. With 3 bolts loosely holding each flange the radome will then stand as a loose bowl and the extra 5
people can leave. Loosely install the rest of the hardware in each flange.
4-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Installation
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, all nuts and bolts should be assembled
with Loctite 242 or its equivalent.
WARNING: Assure that all nut & bolt assemblies are tightened according the tightening torque
values listed below:
SAE Bolt Size
Inch Pounds
Metric Bolt Size
Kg-cm
1/4-20
75
M6
75.3
5/l6-18
132
M6
225
3/8-16
236
M12
622
1/2-13
517
If only 2 people are available,
1. On a flat surface, adjoin 2
panels and loosely install a
bolt/nut high, mid and low in
the adjoined flange.
HINT: A crate, or other object, can be
put against the panels to hold them up
while additional panes are adjoined.
2. Continue adjoining additional
panels loosely installing a
bolt/nut high, mid and low on
each flange until all 6 panels
have been loosely assembled
to form the bottom half of
the radome.
3. Working as a team, loosely
install the rest of the
hardware in all of the flanges.
Do NOT tighten the bolts at
this time.
4. Assure good horizontal
alignment of the panels.
Good alignment of the
bottom edge of the panels is
important for good seal on
the base frame and good
alignment of the top provides
a good seal between the
lower and upper panels.
5. To provide a clean caulked
seam all around the panels:
apply painters masking tape
to the outside perimeter of
each of the panels about ¼ “
from the top, bottom, left and
right edges at each flange
joint. The tape will be
removed just before the
radome caulking has had time
to set.
4-5
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
6.
Open each seam wide enough
to install a good bead of
silicone caulk, apply Loctite to
and then firmly tighten all of
the bolts in that seam (smaller
dual beads of caulking can be
applied from outside and
inside if you prefer).
7.
Clean excess caulking off of
the flange area (inside and
out). The empty Caulking
tubes can be used to clean
the excess caulking off
without scratching the
radome finish.
8.
Repeat caulking, closing and
cleaning the vertical flanges
until all of the lower panel
seams are closed.
9. Remove the tape from the
vertical seams.
10. The lower section of the
radome is now complete.
11. Place short pieces of 2”x4”
boards under the perimeter of
the lower panel assembly to
raise it up off of the ground.
4-6
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Installation
12. Attach 4 radome lifting
brackets (PN 122848), or
other lifting arrangement,
evenly spaced around the
bottom of the lower panel
assembly.
13. Insert a 1” bolt through a
fender washer, down through
the bottom flange of one of
the lower panels and thread it
into the threaded lip of the
lifting bracket as shown in the
picture.
14. Attach three more brackets, in
the same manner, so that the
lifting brackets are in four
equidistant points around the
perimeter of the bottom
flange of the lower panel
assembly.
15. Attach web strap lifting sling
to the four points.
16. The lower panel assembly is
now ready to lift onto the
base frame.
4.5.3.
Sub-assemble the upper panels of the 144” Radome Assembly
Refer to the Radome Assembly drawing for your system and the procedure below. It is best to have at least
TWO people sub-assembling the radome, one working from the inside and the other outside. Sub-assemble
the sections of the radome on a clean, flat location that is free of rocks & debris (ie concrete) to assure good
horizontal alignment of the panels.
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, all nuts and bolts should be assembled
with Loctite 242 or its equivalent.
WARNING: Assure that all nut & bolt assemblies are tightened according the tightening torque
values listed below:
SAE Bolt Size
Inch Pounds
Metric Bolt Size
Kg-cm
1/4-20
75
M6
75.3
5/l6-18
132
M6
225
3/8-16
236
M12
622
1/2-13
517
4-7
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Only 2 people are required to subassemble the top of the radome.
1. On a flat surface, adjoin 2
panels and loosely install a
bolt/nut high, mid and low in
the adjoined flange.
2. Continue adjoining additional
panels loosely installing a
bolt/nut high, mid and low on
each flange until all 6 panels
have been loosely assembled
to form the bottom half of
the radome.
3.
The person inside now loosely
install the rest of the
hardware in all of the flanges.
Do NOT tighten the bolts at
this time.
NOTE: The person who is working
inside installing hardware, applying
Loctite, tightening hardware and
cleaning the inner flanges will remain
inside until the cap and lifting brackets
are installed.
4. Assure good horizontal
alignment of the panels.
Good alignment of the
bottom edge of the panels is
important for good seal
between the lower and upper
panels.
5. To provide a clean caulked
seam all around the panels:
apply painters masking tape
to the outside perimeter of
each of the panels about ¼ “
from the top, bottom, left and
right edges at each flange
joint. The tape will be
removed just before the
radome caulking has had time
to set.
4-8
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
6.
7.
Installation
Open each seam wide enough
to install a good bead of
silicone caulk, apply Loctite to
and firmly tighten all of the
bolts in that seam (Smaller
dual beads of caulking can be
applied from outside and
inside if you prefer).
Clean excess caulking off of
the flange areas inside and
outside the radome.
8.
Repeat caulking, closing and
cleaning the vertical flanges
until all of the upper panel
seams are closed.
9. Remove tape from the vertical
seams.
10. Apply a 3/8” layer of caulking
to the under-side of the
perimeter flange of radome
cap.
11. (Outside person) Climb onto
the upper panel assembly,
have someone (third person
required only for this step)
hand the cap to the person on
top of the radome.
12. Insert the cap into the top of
the radome with a twisting
rotation. This will evenly
spread the caulking and align
the bolt holes inside the
radome top (co-ordinate with
the person inside the
radome).
13. (Inside Person) Install the
radome cap using the
provided hardware.
CAUTION: Do NOT over
tighten the hardware. Only
tighten until the fiberglass
STARTS to flex.
14. Apply additional caulking to
fill gaps between the upper
panels and the cap.
4-9
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
15. Clean off excess caulking.
16. The upper section of the
radome is now complete.
17. Place short pieces of 2”x4”
boards under the perimeter of
the radome top to raise it up
off of the ground.
18. Attach radome lifting brackets
(PN 122848), or other lifting
arrangement, around the
bottom of the upper panel
assembly.
19. Insert a 1” (or longer) bolt
through a fender washer,
down through the bottom
flange of one of the upper
panels and thread it into the
threaded lip of the lifting
bracket as shown in the
picture.
20. Attach three more brackets, in
the same manner, so that the
lifting brackets are in four
equidistant points around the
perimeter of the bottom
flange of the
NOTE: Let the person who was
working inside the upper half of the
radome out. Attach web straps to the
four lifting points.
21. The upper panel assembly is
now ready to lift onto the
lower panels.
4.5.4.
Sub-assemble the bottom panels onto the base frame
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, all nuts and bolts should be assembled
with Loctite 242 or its equivalent.
4-10
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Installation
WARNING: Assure that all nut & bolt assemblies are tightened according the tightening torque
values listed below:
SAE Bolt Size
Inch Pounds
Metric Bolt Size
Kg-cm
1/4-20
75
M6
75.3
5/l6-18
132
M6
225
3/8-16
236
M12
622
1/2-13
517
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Hoist the lower section of the
radome, hover above the base
frame to align door panel with
the hatch in the base frame
(the door and hatch are “AFT”
in the radome) and set it onto
the base frame.
Place 4-8 bolts around the
perimeter of the bottom
flange of the lower half of the
radome, through the flange
into the base frame holes to
align the holes.
Loosely install all of the bolts,
fender washers and nuts to
attach the lower panels to the
base frame using the
hardware provided. Do NOT
tighten the bolts at this time.
Use wedges to lift the lower
panel assembly up off of the
riser panels about ½ inch.
Install a good bead of
caulking between the bottom
of the lower panels and the
base frame (smaller dual
beads of caulking can be
applied from outside and
inside if you prefer) , remove
the wedges, apply Loctite to
and then firmly tighten all of
the horizontal seam bolts.
Clean excess caulking off
inside and outside of the
radome.
Remove tape from the
horizontal edges of the lower
panels.
The bottom half of the radome is
complete. Next you will assemble
your antenna pedestal General
Assembly and install it into this
portion of the radome, before
putting the top half of the radome
on.
4-11
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.5.5.
Installing the Marine Air Conditioner
If a marine air conditioner was purchased with t your system;
8. Set the marine air conditioner on the base pan aligning the vents in the bottom of the air
conditioner to the cutouts in the basepan (refer to drawing 123496).
9. Install the air, per drawing 122508, using the hardware and isolators provided in the installation kit,
10. Install the strain reliefs as required to install AC power cable to the air conditioner.
4.5.6.
Sub-assemble the Antenna Pedestal
Refer to the General Assembly drawing for your system and the procedure below.
1.
Install the Base Stand, or
Mounting Spider, onto the
Base Pan using the hardware
provided. Apply Loctite to
and tighten the mounting
bolts.
Note: As an alternative, the stand can
be mounted to, and lifted with, the
pedestal in step 12 below.
2.
3.
Lift the dish up and install it
onto the reflector mounting
brace using the hardware
provided. Assure that the
orientation of the reflector is
correct. Apply Loctite to and
tighten the mounting bolts.
Tie the dish down with web
straps to hold it at its lowest
elevation. Tie the straps
through the reflector mount
brace and around the
pedestal.
4-12
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Installation
Install the struts on the dish
using the hardware provided
(this will require a ladder to
reach the top strut mounting
hole in the dish). Match the
number sticker on the end of
the strut to the number
sticker near the mounting
hole on the dish. Apply
Loctite to and tighten the
mounting bolts.
Install the feed on the struts
using the hardware provided.
Match the number sticker on
the end of the strut to the
number sticker near the
mounting hole on the scalar
plate of the feed. Apply
Loctite to and tighten the
mounting bolts.
Connect the flexible
waveguide section to the TX
port of the feed.
Use tie-wraps to attach the
reflector harness and coax
along the flexible and rigid
waveguide, over the top of
the dish, to the back side of
the dish.
Attach the 15 pin connector
on the antenna reflector
harness to the shielded Polang
Aux Relay box.
Connect the IF receive coax
cables from the feed to the
Receive input of the
Transceiver OR to the
pedestal Modem according to
the block diagram.
4-13
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
NOTE: Keep the reflector tied
down until the ADE is lifted
aboard and you are ready to
balance the antenna.
10. Loop web straps under the
Cross-Level Beam to prepare
the Pedestal for lift.
11. Hoist the Pedestal Assembly
up and into the bottom half
of the radome.
NOTE: The circuit breaker panel
should be oriented to be facing
the radome entry hatch (AFT) so
that it is within easy reach for
powering the equipment OFF.
Note: If the stand was not installed in
step 1, install the pedestal onto the
stand using the hardware provided.
Apply Loctite to and tighten the mount
bolts.
12. Install the Pedestal Assembly
onto the stand (or mount the
stand to the basepan,
depending upon how you
install the stand) using the
hardware provided. Apply
Loctite to and tighten the
mounting bolts.
The antenna pedestal General
Assembly is now completely
assembled in the bottom half of
the radome and is ready for you to
put the top half of the radome on.
4-14
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.5.7.
Installation
Close the 144” Radome Assembly
Refer to the Radome Assembly drawing for your system and the procedure below.
1.
Lift Upper section up over the dish &
feed assembly and set it down onto
the lower section.
2.
Set the upper section onto the top of
the lower panels.
Loosely attach the upper panels to the
lower panels using the hardware
provided. Do NOT tighten the bolts at
this time.
3.
4-15
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.
5.
6.
7.
4.5.8.
Use wedges to lift the upper panels off
of the lower panels about ½ inch.
Install a good bead of caulking
between the bottom of the upper
panels and the top of the lower panels
ghten all of the bolts in that seam
(smaller dual beads of caulking can be
applied from outside and inside if you
prefer). , remove the wedges and
radome lifting brackets, then firmly
tighten all the bolts.
Remove the tape from the upper and
lower panels. All tape should now be
removed from the radome.
The ADE Assembly is now
complete, ready for web straps to
be attached for lifting the ADE
onto the ship.
Prepare the 144” Radome ADE for Lift
Refer to the Base Frame Assembly drawing for your system and the procedure below.
Refer to lit kit
WARNING: Hoisting with other than a webbed four-part sling may result in catastrophic crushing
of the radome. Refer to the specifications and drawings for the fully assembled weight of your
model Antenna/Radome and assure that equipment used to lift/hoist this system is rated
accordingly.
CAUTION: The antenna/radome assembly is very light for its size and is subject to large swaying
motions if hoisted under windy conditions. Always ensure that tag lines, attached to the radome
base frame, are attended while the antenna assembly is being hoisted to its assigned location
aboard ship.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Enter the ADE and stow the antenna
pedestal using the Stow Kit (provided)
and the instruction in the Maintenance
section of the antenna manual.
Attach eye-bolts or shackles (properly
rated for the weight to be lifted) to four
equidistant lifting point holes around
the perimeter of the Base Frame.
Attach properly rated web lifting straps
to the eye-bolts, or shackles.
Attach Appropriate length of rope tag
lines to the Base Frame.
The ADE is now ready to hoist onto the
ship.
4-16
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.6.
Installation
Installing The ADE
4.6.1.
Hoist
WARNING: Hoisting with other than a webbed four-part sling may result in
catastrophic crushing of the radome. Refer to the specifications and drawings for the
fully assembled weight of your model Antenna/Radome and assure that equipment used
to lift/hoist this system is rated accordingly.
CAUTION: The antenna/radome assembly is very light for its size and is subject to
large swaying motions if hoisted under windy conditions. Always ensure that tag lines,
attached to the radome base frame, are attended while the antenna assembly is being
hoisted to its assigned location aboard ship.
1.
2.
3.
4.6.2.
Assure that the antenna is restrained before hoisting. Check that all nuts on the base
frame assembly are tightened according the torque values listed below:
Using a four-part lifting sling, and with a tag line attached to the radome base frame,
hoist the antenna assembly to its assigned location aboard ship by means of a
suitably-sized crane or derrick.
The radome assembly should be positioned with the BOW marker aligned as close as
possible to the ship centerline. Any variation from actual alignment can be
compensated with the AZIMUTH TRIM adjustment in the ACU, so precise alignment is
not required.
Install Antenna/Radome/Baseframe
Bolt, or weld, the legs of the radome base frame directly to the ship's deck. If the deck is uneven or not level,
weld clips to the deck and attach them to the legs of the radome base frame. When completed the radome
base must be level.
4.7.
Install BDE Equipment
4.7.1.
ACU & TMS
Refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual for installation of the ACU and the Terminal Mounting Strip.
4.7.2.
Other BDE Equipment
Refer to the vendor supplied manuals for installation of the other below decks equipment.
4.8.
Cable Terminations
4.8.1.
At The Radome
The TX and RX, or TVRO IF, cables must be inserted through the cable strain reliefs at the base of the radome.
Apply RTV to the strain relief joints and tighten the compression fittings to make them watertight. Attach the
pedestal cable adapters to the TX and RX, or TVRO IF, cables from below decks. Refer to the System Block
Diagram.
AC Power cable for the Antenna Pedestal and RF Equipment is routed into the AC Power Breaker box and
connected to the breaker terminals.
4-17
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Sea Tel recommends that separate, dedicated, AC Power be provided for the Marine Air Conditioner (Do NOT
combine with the AC Power provided for the Antenna Pedestal and RF Equipment). This AC Power cable is
routed into the Marine Air Conditioner and terminated to the AC terminals inside.
4.8.2.
ACU & TMS
To Connect AC Power, Gyro Compass Connection and IF Input refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual.
Installation of optional (remote) Pedestal, and /or Radio, Monitor & Control connection(s) from a PC
Computer are also contained in the ACU manual.
4.8.3.
Other BDE Equipment
Refer to the vendor supplied manuals for installation of the other below decks equipment.
4.9.
Final Assembly
4.9.1.
Remove Stow Braces/Restraints
Remove the restraints from the antenna and verify that the antenna moves freely in azimuth, elevation, and
cross level without hitting any flanges on the radome.
4.9.2.
Verify all assembly and Wiring connections
Verify that all pedestal wiring and cabling is properly dressed and clamped in place.
4.9.3.
Balance Antenna Pedestal
Assure that the antenna assembly is balanced front to back, top to bottom and side to side by observing that
it remains stationary when positioned in any orientation. Refer to the Maintenance section for complete
information on balancing the antenna.
4.10.
Power-Up The ADE
Turn Pedestal AC power breaker ON.
4.10.1.
Initialization
Turn the pedestal power supply ON. The PCU will initialize the stabilized portion of the mass to be level with
the horizon and at a prescribed Azimuth and Elevation angles. The antenna will go through the specific
sequence of steps to initialize the level cage, elevation, cross-level and azimuth to predetermined starting
positions. Each phase must complete properly for the antenna to operate properly (post-initialization). Refer
to the initialization text in the Troubleshooting section in this manual. Observe the Initialization of the
antenna pedestal.
If any of these steps fail, or the ACU reports model "xx97", re-configure the PCU as described in the Setup
section of this manual. If initialization still fails, this indicates a drive or sensor problem, refer to the
Troubleshooting section.
4.10.2.
Home Flag Position
Note the approximate position of the antenna relative to the bow of the ship while it is at the home switch
position. This information will be used later to calibrate the relative position display of the antenna.
4.10.3.
BDE
Turn Power ON to the ACU. Record the power-up display, Master (ACU) Model & Software version and the
Remote (PCU) Model & Software version.
4.11.
Setup
Refer to the Setup information in the next section of this manual and in the Setup section of your ACU Manual.
4-18
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5.
Setup
Setup
Below are basic steps to guide you in setting up the ACU for your specific antenna pedestal. Assure that the Antenna Pedestal
(ADE) has been properly installed before proceeding. Refer to the Setup section of you ACU manual for additional parameter
setting details.
5.1.
Operator Settings
Refer to the Operation chapter of this manual to set the Ship information. Latitude and Longitude should
automatically update when the GPS engine mounted above decks triangulates an accurate location, but you may enter
this information manually to begin. If your gyro source is providing Heading information in any format other than
NMEA-0183 format, you will have to enter in the initial Ship’s Heading position, the Gyro Compass will then keep the
ACU updated.
Set the Satellite information, for the satellite you will be using. The receiver settings are especially important. At this
point you should be able to target the desired satellite. Continue with the setup steps below to optimize the
parameters for your installation.
5.2.
Optimizing Targeting (Auto Trim)
The following feature requires your antenna have GSR2 minimum software versions installed. First, assure that all of
your Ship & Satellite settings in the ACU are correct. Target and, if required manually locate the desired satellite.
Allow 1 to 2 minutes for the antenna to “peak” on the signal. Verify positive satellite identification, in a TVRO system
verify either Receive NID or that at least one Television is producing video, in a VSAT system verify receive lock
indication on the satellite modem.
Access the ACU Setup Mode Parameter “AUTO TRIM”, Press the UP arrow and then press Enter.
Drive the antenna completely off satellite (Target and Azimuth value of 0)
Retarget the satellite and verify the system peaks on satellite with positive satellite identification within 1 minute.
Access the ACU Setup Modes “SAVE NEW PARAMETERS”, Press the UP arrow and then press Enter
5.3.
Optimizing Targeting (Manually)
First, assure that all of your Ship & Satellite settings in the ACU are correct. Target the desired satellite, immediately
turn Tracking OFF, and record the Azimuth and Elevation positions in the “ANTENNA“ display of the ACU (these are
the Calculated positions). Turn Tracking ON, allow the antenna to “Search” for the targeted satellite and assure that it
has acquired (and peaks up on) the satellite that you targeted. Allow several minutes for the antenna to “peak” on the
signal, and then record the Azimuth and Elevation positions while peaked on satellite (these are the Peak positions).
Again, assure that it has acquired the satellite that you targeted!
Subtract the Peak Positions from the Calculated Positions to determine the amount of Trim which is required. Refer to
the ACU Setup information to key in the required value of Elevation Trim. Continue with Azimuth trim, then re-target
the satellite several times to verify that targeting is now driving the antenna to a position that is within +/- 1.0 degrees
of where the satellite signal is located.
EXAMPLE: The ACU targets to an Elevation position of 30.0 degrees and an Azimuth position of 180.2 (Calculated),
you find that Peak Elevation while ON your desired satellite is 31.5 degrees and Peak Azimuth is 178.0. You would
enter an EL TRIM value of –1.5 degrees and an AZ TRIM of +2.2 degrees. After these trims values had been set, your
peak on satellite Azimuth and Elevation displays would be very near 180.2 and 30.0 respectively.
5.4.
Radiation Hazard and Blockage Mapping (AZ LIMIT parameters)
This system may be programmed with relative azimuth and elevation sectors (zones) where blockage exists or where
transmit power would endanger personnel who are frequently in that area.
Refer to your ACU Manual for instructions on programming of these zones.
5-1
Setup
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5.5.
TX Polarity Setup
With the feed in the center of its polarization adjustment range, observe the transmit port polarity (vector across the
short dimension of the transmit wave-guide).
If the transmit polarity in the center of the travel range is vertical, use the following entries:
2 Vertical Transmit Polarity
4 Horizontal Transmit Polarity
If the Transmit polarity in the center of the travel range is horizontal, use the following entries:
2 Horizontal Transmit Polarity
4 Vertical Transmit Polarity
5.6.
TRACK DISP
This parameter set the selections that the user will see in the Tracking - Band Selection menu. Band Selection must be
set to the appropriate selection for Tracking to operate properly.
Band selection controls the local logic output state of SW1 output terminal on the Terminal Mounting Strip PCB and
remote C/Ku relays (or other switches) on the antenna pedestal.
The factory default selections and SW1 status for your 9797B is listed in the following table:
Setting
Displayed band
selection
0000
C
X
KuLo
KuHi
ADE Band Select Parameters
(Tone, Voltage & Aux Status)
Tone OFF, Volt 13, Aux 0
Tone OFF, Volt 18, Aux 0
Tone OFF, Volt 13, Aux 1
Tone OFF, Volt 18, Aux 1
TMS SW1
Status
Open
Short
Open
Short
When the SW1 output is shorted to ground a current sink of 0.5 amps max is provided to control below
decks band selection tone generators or coax switches. When SW1 output is open it is a floating output.
5-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5.7.
Setup
ACU Factory Default Parameter Settings – Series 97B & 00B Antennas
The following table shows the factory default parameters for the ACU interfaced to a Series 97B/00B Antenna. You
may need to optimize some of these parameters. Refer to the individual parameter setting information in the Setup
section of your ACU manual.
PARAMETER
C-Band
DishScan
Ku-Band
DishScan
EL TRIM
0
AZ TRIM
0
AUTO THRES
100
EL STEP SIZE
0
AZ STEP SIZE
0
STEP INTEGRAL
0
My Parameters
SEARCH INC
10
5
SEARCH LIMIT
200
100
SEARCH DELAY
30
SWEEP INC
0040
SYSTEM TYPE
0005 *
GYRO TYPE
2
POL TYPE
72
POL OFFSET
30
POL SCALE
90
AZ LIMIT 1
0
AZ LIMIT 2
0
EL LIMIT 12
90
AZ LIMIT 3
0
AZ LIMIT 4
0
EL LIMIT 34
90
AZ LIMIT 5
0
AZ LIMIT 6
0
EL LIMIT 56
90
5V OFFSET
0
5V SCALE
0
TRACK DISP
Refer to TRACK DISP parameter
TX POLARITY
2
* Modem Lock input & Modem TX Mute functions are NOT set; refer to SYSTEM TYPE
parameter information.
5-3
Setup
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
5-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
6.
Functional Testing
Functional Testing
If not already ON, Turn ON the Power switch on the front panel of the ACU.
6.1.
1.
2.
3.
6.2.
ACU / Antenna System Check
Press RESET on the ACU front panel to initialize the system. Verify the display shows "SEA TEL INC MASTER" and the ACU software version number. Wait 10 seconds for the display to change to "SEA TEL INC
- REMOTE" and the PCU software version number.
If the display shows "REMOTE INITIALIZING” wait for approximately 2 minutes for the antenna to complete
initialization and report the Antenna Model and PCU software version. If “REMOTE NOT RESPONDING" is
displayed, refer to the Troubleshooting Section of this manual.
Press the NEXT key repeatedly to display the Ship, Satellite, Antenna and Status menu displays. This
verifies that the displays change in the correct response to the keys.
Latitude/Longitude Auto-Update check
This verifies that the GPS position information is automatically updating..
1. Press the NEXT key repeatedly to display the Ship menu. Press ENTER to access edit mode and view the
current Latitude value.
2. Press the LEFT arrow key to bring the cursor up under the ones digit, press UP and then hit ENTER. The
display should immediately show a latitude value one degree higher, but then will be overwritten within
several seconds (back to the previous value) by the GPS engine.
This test does not need to be repeated in the Longitude menu.
6.3.
Ship Heading – Gyro Compass Following Check
This verifies that the Heading display is actually following the Ships Gyro Compass.
1. Press the NEXT key repeatedly to display the Ship menu. If the boat is underway, monitor the Heading value
to verify that the display changes in the correct response to the Gyro Compass input (Heading value should
always be exactly the same as the Gyro Compass repeater value).
2. If the ship is NOT underway, most ships will turn +/- 1-2 degrees at the pier, monitor the Heading value to
verify that the display changes in the correct response to the Gyro Compass input (Heading value should
always be exactly the same as the Gyro Compass repeater value).
6.4.
Azimuth & Elevation Drive
This verifies that the antenna moves in the correct response to the keys.
1. Press the NEXT key several times to display the Antenna menu.
2. Press the TRACK key to toggle Tracking OFF. Press the UP arrow key repeatedly and verify that the antenna
moves up in elevation.
3. Press the DOWN arrow key repeatedly and verify that the antenna moves down in elevation.
4. Press the RIGHT arrow key repeatedly and verify that the antenna moves up (CW) in azimuth.
5. Press the LEFT arrow key repeatedly and verify that the antenna moves down (CCW) in azimuth.
6.5.
Four Quadrant Tracking Test
This verifies that the antenna moves in the correct response to the keys, that Tracking is signaling correctly and that
the Tracking commands are being carried out (antenna drives to peak).
1. Verify antenna is locked onto and tracking a satellite
2. Press the NEXT key several times to display the Antenna menu.
3. Note the current peak AGC value. Press the Tracking key to toggle Tracking OFF, press the UP arrow key
repeatedly to move the antenna up in elevation until AGC falls about 100 counts. Turn Tracking ON and
verify that the antenna moves back down in elevation and that the AGC rises to its’ previous high value.
6-1
Functional Testing
4.
5.
6.
6.6.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Note the current peak AGC value. Press the Tracking key to toggle Tracking OFF, press the DOWN arrow
key repeatedly to move the antenna down in elevation until AGC falls about 100 counts. Turn Tracking ON
and verify that the antenna moves back up in elevation and that the AGC rises to its’ previous high value.
Note the current peak AGC value. Press the Tracking key to toggle Tracking OFF, press the RIGHT arrow key
repeatedly to move the antenna up in azimuth until AGC falls about 100 counts. Turn Tracking ON and verify
that the antenna moves back down in azimuth and that the AGC rises to its’ previous high value.
Note the current peak AGC value. Press the Tracking key to toggle Tracking OFF, press the LEFT arrow key
repeatedly to move the antenna down in azimuth until AGC falls about 100 counts. Turn Tracking ON and
verify that the antenna moves back up in azimuth and that the AGC rises to its’ previous high value.
Blockage Simulation Test
Blockage output function is used to modify the behavior of Tracking and Searching when there is a known blockage
zone. The ACU provides a contact closure to ground on the SW2 terminal of the Terminal Mounting Strip when the
antenna is pointed within any one of the blockage/hazard zones or the system is searching, targeting, unwrapping or is
mis-pointed by 0.5 degrees or more (FCC TX Mute function for Transmit/Receive systems only). The contact closure
is a transistor switch with a current sinking capability of 0.5 Amp. This logic output control signal is used for:
•
When used as simple “BLOCKED” logic output for a single Sea Tel antenna, this output could be used to light a
remote LED and/or sound a buzzer to alert someone that the antenna is blocked, and signal is lost.
•
In a “Dual Antenna” installation, this logic output(s) is used to control Dual Antenna Arbitrator panel of coax
switches to switch the source inputs to the matrix switch from Antenna “A” to Antenna “B”, and vice versa.
•
When used as simple “RF Radiation Hazard” logic output for a single Sea Tel TX/RX antenna, this output could
be used to suppress RF transmissions while the antenna is pointed where people would be harmed by the
transmitted microwave RF power output. The SW2 output would be interfaced to the satellite modem to disable
the TX output signal from the Satellite TXRX Modem whenever the antenna is within the RF Radiation Hazard
zone(s).
•
When used for “FCC TX Mute” logic output for a single Sea Tel TX/RX antenna, this output could be used to
suppress RF transmissions whenever the antenna is mis-pointed 0.5 degrees or more, is blocked, searching,
targeting or unwrapping. The SW2 output would be interfaced to the satellite modem to disable/mute the TX
output signal from the Satellite TX/RX Modem. When the mute condition is due to antenna mis-pointing, it will
not un-mute until the pointing error of the antenna is within 0.2 degrees. The default output is contact closure
to ground when the antenna is mis-pointed, therefore provides a ground to “Mute” the satellite modem on the
SW2 terminal of the Terminal Mounting Strip. If your satellite modem requires an open to “Mute”, refer to
SYSTEM TYPE parameter 16 value to reverse the output logic from the ACU.
To Test the blockage function:
1. Press the NEXT key until you are at the Status menu. Press ENTER to access the Tracking menu.
2. Press the RIGHT arrow key to bring up and move the cursor to the far right. Press the UP arrow to simulate a
manual BLOCKED condition. BLOCKED will appear in the Tracking display.
3. Verify that SW2 terminal shorts to ground (or open circuit if you have SYSTEM TYPE configured to reverse
the output logic) and that the external alarms actuate OR the Dual Antenna Arbitrator coax switches toggle
(if antenna B is not blocked) OR the Satellite Modem TX is disabled/muted.
4. Press the LEFT arrow key and then press the UP arrow key to turn the simulated blocked condition OFF.
BLOCKED will disappear from the Tracking display.
5. Verify that SW2 terminal is open circuit (or ground if you have logic reversed) and that the external alarms
deactivate OR the Satellite Modem TX is un-muted. The Dual Antenna Arbitrator coax switches should not
toggle until you manually block Antenna B ACU.
6-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
7.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
This section describes the theory of operation to aid in troubleshooting and adjustments of the antenna system. Also refer to
the Troubleshooting section of your ACU manual for additional troubleshooting details.
WARNING: Electrical Hazard – Dangerous AC Voltages exist inside the Antenna Pedestal Breaker
Box. Observe proper safety precautions when working inside the Pedestal Breaker Box.
WARNING: Electrical Hazard – Dangerous AC Voltages exists on the side of the Antenna
Pedestal Power Supply. Observe proper safety precautions when working inside the Pedestal
Power Supply.
7.1.
Warranty Information
Sea Tel Inc. supports its Series 00 systems with a ONE YEAR warranty on parts and labor.
What’s Covered by the Limited Warranty?
The Sea Tel Series 00 Limited Warranty is applicable for parts and labor coverage to the complete antenna system,
including all above-decks equipment (radome, pedestal, antenna, motors, electronics, wiring, etc.) and the Antenna
Control Unit (ACU).
What’s NOT Covered by the Limited Warranty?
It does not include Television sets, DBS/DTH receivers, multi-switches or other distribution equipment, whether or not
supplied by Sea Tel commonly used in TVRO Systems. Televisions, DBS/DTH receivers and accessories are covered by
the applicable warranties of the respective manufacturers.
It does not include Transmit & Receive RF Equipment, Modems, Multiplexers or other distribution equipment, whether
or not supplied by Sea Tel commonly used in Satellite Communications (TXRX) Systems. These equipments are
covered by the applicable warranties of the respective manufacturers.
Factory refurbished components used to replace systems parts under this warranty are covered by this same warranty
as the original equipment for the balance of the original warranty term, or ninety (90) days from the date of
replacement, whichever occurs last. Original Installation of the Series 00 system must be accomplished by or under
the supervision of an authorized Sea Tel dealer for the Sea Tel Limited Warranty to be valid and in force.
Should technical assistance be required to repair your system, the first contact should be to the agent/dealer you
purchased the equipment from.
Please refer to the complete warranty information included with your system.
7.2.
Recommended Preventive Maintenance
Ensure that all of the normal operating settings (LAT, LON, HDG, SAT and al of the Tracking Receiver settings) are set
correctly. Refer to the Functional Testing section to test the system.
7.2.1.
Check ACU Parameters
Assure that the parameters are set correctly. Once all system and receiver parameters have been set, saved
and verified it is highly recommended that you perform a parameter dump using either DacRemP or
ProgTerm diagnostic software to save an electronic copy that may be used a later time to re-configure the
system to the commissioned default settings (parameter upload).
7.2.2.
Latitude/Longitude Auto-Update check
Refer to the Latitude & Longitude Update check procedure in the Functional Testing section of this manual.
7.2.3.
Heading Following
Refer to the Heading Following verification procedure in the Functional Testing section of this manual.
7-1
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.2.4.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Azimuth & Elevation Drive
Refer to the Azimuth & Elevation Drive check procedure in the Functional Testing section of this manual.
7.2.5.
Test Tracking
Refer to the four quadrant Tracking check procedure in the Functional Testing section of this manual.
7.2.6.
Visual Inspection - Radome & Pedestal
Conduct a good, thorough, visual inspection of the radome and antenna pedestal. Visually inspect the inside
surface of the radome top and of the antenna pedestal. Look for water or condensation, rust or corrosion,
white fiberglass powder residue, loose wiring connections, loose hardware, loose or broken belts or any other
signs of wear or damage.
1. Radome Inspection - All the radome flanges are properly sealed to prevent wind, saltwater spray
and rain from being able to enter the radome. Re-seal any open (“leaky”) areas with marine
approved silicone sealant. If heavy condensation, or standing water, is found inside the radome,
isolate and seal the leak, and then dry out the radome. Small (1/8 inch) holes may be drilled in the
base pan of the radome to allow standing water to “weep” out.
2. Antenna Pedestal Inspection - The shock/vibration springs and/or wire rope Isolators should not be
frayed, completely compressed, or otherwise damaged. The plated and painted parts should not be
rusted or corroded. The harnesses should not be frayed and all the connectors should be properly
fastened and tightened. All hardware should be tight (no loose assemblies or counter-weights).
Replace, re-coat, repair and/or tighten as necessary.
7.2.7.
Mechanical Checks
Turn the pedestal power supply OFF
1. Inspect inside of radome for signs that the dish or feed have been rubbing against the inside of the
fiberglass radome.
2. Rotate the pedestal through its full range of azimuth motion. The antenna should rotate freely and
easily with light finger pressure.
3. Rotate the pedestal through full range of elevation rotation. The antenna should rotate freely and
easily with light finger pressure.
4. Rotate the pedestal through full range of cross-level rotation. The antenna should rotate freely and
easily with light finger pressure.
5. Rotate the level cage through the full 90 degrees of rotation from CCW stop to CW stop. The level
cage antenna should rotate freely and easily with light finger pressure. Attached cables should not
cause the cage to spring back more that a few degrees from either stop when released.
6. Inspect all drive belts for wear (black dust on/under the area of the belt).
7. Inspect AZ Drive chain. IF chain is beginning to show signs of rust or corrosion, apply a light coat
of light duty oil to the chain. Wipe excess oil off to leave a light coating on the chain. DO NOT
over-lubricate.
7.2.8.
Check Balance
Check the balance of the antenna, re-balance as needed (refer to the Balancing the Antenna procedure
below).
7.2.9.
Observe Antenna Initialization
Observe the Antenna Initialization as described in the Troubleshooting section below.
7-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
7.3.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
400MHz Modem Configuration
The 400MHz FSK modem PCB has a jumper block (located
component side of PCB) that is used to configure it for Above
Decks or Below Decks operation as well as to configure its’ serial
communications protocol (RS232, RS422, or RS485). Based on
the desired mode of operation, the appropriate jumper(s) will be
installed at the factory, prior to shipment of a completed system.
In general, no field modifications to these jumper settings are
required, except when it is required to re-configure a modem to
operate in a different mode of operation ( i.e. converting a spares
kit below decks modem to operate as an above decks modem or
re-configuring an ADE Modem for M&C integration with a newly
installed RF package change that requires RS485 communications
instead of RS422). Refer to the table below for the proper jumper
settings.
Assembly
Dash
Number
Modem
Mounting
Location
Serial
Communication
Protocol
Jumper
Settings
-1
Above
Decks
RS232
1-2
-2
Below
Decks
RS232
None
-3
Above
Decks
RS422
1-2
3-4
-4
Below
Decks
RS422
3-4
-5
Above
Decks
2 Wire RS485
(Half Duplex)
1-2
5-6
7-8
9-10
7-3
Jumper Block Location
Visual Jumper
Reference
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
-6
7.4.
Below
Decks
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5-6
7-8
9-10
2 Wire RS485
(Half Duplex)
400 MHz LED indicators
For diagnostic purposes, the 400MHz FSK Modem Assemblies have an LED Indicator (located to the on the bottom left
hand side of the Enclosure for BDE modems and directly underneath the Rotary Joint port on the 09 Series PCU). By
observing the amount of amber colored flashes during power up, the modems configuration may be established. You
can also verify the communications link between above decks and below decks modems themselves. Refer to the
below list for an explanation of the different LED states.
•
Upon power up, the modems’ LED will flash amber. The number of flashes indicates the dash number
configuration of the modem. Refer to the configuration chart above for the appropriate dash configuration
for your modem assembly.
•
A flashing Red LED indicates no communication between modems (2 failed channels).
•
An LED alternating Red and Green indicates a single channel failure.
•
Solid green indicate dual channel communications lock between modems (i.e. there is enough signal being
received to establish communications).
Below Decks Modem Assembly
Above Decks Modem (Located in PCU Assembly)
Figure 5 LED Illuminated Green
Figure 6 LED Illuminated Red
7.5.
400 MHz Modem Signals
7.5.1. Pedestal M&C
RS-422 Antenna Monitor and Control signals pass from the ACU’s J4 Antenna Port, through the PED M&C
port of the 400MHz base modem and are modulated and demodulated. The modulated signal(s) are then
diplexed with the RxIF signal. This modulated signal travels on the Rx IF cable, between the MUX Rack Panel
and then into 400 MHz pedestal modem. The Pedestal modem then converts the RF Signal back to RS-422,
before routing to the M&C port of the Pedestal Control Unit via an interface cable.
7-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.5.2. Radio M&C
The RS-232, RS-422, or RS-485 (depending on configuration) Radio M&C signals pass from the BDE computer
through the RF M&C port of the base modem and are modulated and demodulated. These M&C signals are
diplexed with the Pedestal M&C signals before passing through to the above decks modem. The Pedestal
modem then converts the RF Signal back to RS-232/422/485, before routing to the M&C port of the above
decks radio equipment via an interface cable.
7.5.3. Channel Identification
There are four base frequencies used in the 400MHz FSK modem assemblies:
•
The BDE Modem Transmits Pedestal M&C at 452.5 MHz
•
The BDE Modem Transmits Radio M&C at 447.5 MHz
•
The ADE Modem Transmits Pedestal M&C at 465.0 MHz
•
The ADE Modem Transmits Radio M&C at 460.0 MHz
Figure 7 ADE Modem Transmit Frequency Markers
Figure 8 BDE Modem Transmit Frequency Markers
7-5
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.6.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Troubleshooting 400MHz Modem Communication Faults
7.6.1. 400MHz Modem Queries:
The 400MHz modem assemblies facilitates the use of line-based commands via the ACU’s front panel, its’
internal HTML page, or using remote diagnostic software such as DacRemP or ProgTerm. The use of these
commands will aid in troubleshooting communication failures between the above decks and below decks
modems. Listed below are the available commands:
Command
<0000 <cr>
Description
BDE Modem RSSI (Receive Signal Strength
Indicator)
<1234 <cr>
<0273 <cr>
BDE Modem Serial Number Query
BDE Modem Temperature Query
<0411 <cr>
BDE Modem Software Version and
Configuration Query
>0000 <cr>
ADE Modem RSSI (Receive Signal Strength
Indicator)
>1234 <cr>
>0273 <cr>
ADE Modem Serial Number Query
ADE Modem Temperature Query
>0411 <cr>
ADE Modem Software Version and
Configuration Query
Typical Response
RSSI P-43 R-44
P = Pedestal Control Channel
R = Radio Control Channel
Sn 000001D2F1F1
Temp = 34.9c
Temperature expressed in Celsius
Modem Ver 1.00B-1
Software version – configuration Dash #
RSSI P-43 R-50
P = Pedestal Control Channel
R = Radio Control Channel
Sn. 00000102FC18
Temp = 27.5c
Temperature expressed in Celsius
Modem Ver 1.00B-2
Software version – configuration Dash #
7.6.2. Modem Query Methods
The following text provides instruction on how to submit modem queries using any one of four different
methods listed below. These instructions assume that the operator have a clear understanding of Menu
navigation and entry via the Antenna Control Unit front panel, or connection requirements for using remote
diagnostic software, and/or the internal HTML page of the ACU. Refer to the appropriate manual text if
further instruction on wiring connections or button pushing is required.
7-6
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.6.2.1. Using the ACU Front Panel
6.
7.
8.
Using the ACU’s Front Panel,
navigate through the Setup
menu to access the Remote
Command Sub-Menu.
Enter in the desired Modem
Query then press the ENTER
key.
Observe and/or Record the
displayed response.
7.6.2.2. Using the Internal HTML Page
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Logon to the ACU’s Internal
HTML page.
Browse to the “Communication
Port Settings” page.
In the Command Window,
Type in the desired Modem
.
Query and hit Send
Observe and/or Record the
displayed response.
Repeat as required until all
desired modem queries are
noted.
7.6.2.3. Using DacRemP
1.
Open up DacRemP and select
the Comm Diagnostics Tool
(cntrl + c).
2.
In the Remote Command Entry
Window, type in the desired
Modem Query and hit Enter. i.e
“<1234 <CR>”
7-7
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
1.
2.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Observe and/or Record the
displayed response.
Repeat as required until all
desired modem queries are
noted.
7.6.2.4. Using ProgTerm
1.
Open up ProgTerm and select
the Tools Menu.
2.
Select “Modem Tools”.
3.
Select the desired modem
location.
BDE is the Below Decks
Modem.
ADE is the Above Decks
Modem.
Select the desired modem
query.
4.
5.
6.
Observe and/or Record the
displayed response.
Repeat as desired until all
desired modem queries are
noted.
7.6.3. Isolating a 400 MHz Modem Fault Procedure:
1.
2.
3.
Issue “<0000” and “>0000” queries to the ADE and BDE modems and record the responses.
ADE (>0000)______________ BDE (<0000)______________
Compare your recorded responses to the list below to determine what modem fault(s) (if any) is present.
Use the appropriate text following the failure table for a list of possible failures attributed to the failure
type established.
7-8
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Tools suggested:
Laptop or PC w/ an available comport and
diagnostic software installed
9 pin Serial cable
CAT5 Cross-over cable
Serial Loopback Connector
Build a Loop Back Test Adapter by Shorting Pin 1
to Pin 8 and Shorting Pin 2 to Pin 3 on a female
DB9(S) connector.
Spectrum Analyzer
SMA “T” splitter or N type “T” splitter
ProgTerm Ver. 1.35 or Later
DacRemP Ver. 0.20 or Later
Straight thru (1-1 Pin out) For Serial Based
Connections
Required for IP based connections (HTML, DacRemP IP)
Capable of handling 100kHz up to 3Ghz & up to 48VDC
Or equivalent cabling
400MHz FSK Modem Fault Reference Table
ADE Modem RSSI
BDE Modem RSSI
Failure
P= <65, R= <65
P= <65, R= <65
None
P= >65, R= >65
P= >65, R= >65
Receive IF Path
No Response
No Response
BDE/ADE No Response
No Response
P= <65, R= <65
ADE No Response 1
No Response
P= >65, R= >65
ADE No Response 2
P= <65, R= <65
P= >65, R= <65
BDE Receive Or ADE Transmit (PED M&C)
P= <65, R= >65
P= <65, R= <65
BDE Transmit Or ADE Receive (PED M&C)
P= <65, R= <65
P= <65, R= >65
BDE Receive Or ADE Transmit (RF M&C)
P= <65, R= >65
P= <65, R= <65
BDE Transmit Or ADE Receive (RF M&C)
7.6.3.1.1.
NONE:
No failure communication failures between ADE and BDE modems.
7.6.3.1.2.
Receive IF Path:
The Following possibly points of failures assumes LED illumination on both modems.
1. Modem Configuration
Verify BDE modem and ADE modem are properly configured (jumper block settings).
2. Coax Cable failure
Verify continuity on the below coaxes, repair or replace as required.
a. BDE Modem to connector bracket (Base Rack Panel Assembly)
b. (CFE) BDE to ADE Rx IF (Base Rack Panel to radome Connector bracket)
c. Rx N to SMA Adapter (Located on connector bracket at radome base)
d. SMA to SMA (From connector bracket to bottom the bottom side of the
rotary joint)
e. SMA to SMA (From top side rotary joint to PCU/ADE Modem
7-9
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
3. Rotary Joint (Receive channel)
Verify continuity on the receive channel for its entire 360 degree range of motion.
Replace rotary joint if any sector of it has failed.
7.6.3.1.3.
BDE/ADE No Response:
The Following possibly points of failures assumes LED illumination on both modems.
1. Modem Configuration
Verify BDE modem and ADE modem are properly configured (jumper block settings).
2. ACU to BDE modem interface cable failure
Verify harness continuity. Repair or replace as required
3. ACU Antenna Port Failure
o Install an RS232 Loopback connector** on Antenna Port of the ACU. Enter
an “n0999” Remote Command and verify that it echoes back on the bottom
line of the display.
1. If loop back works, BDE Modem failure or ACU to BDE Interface
cable failure.
2. If loop back does not work, ACU failure.
7.6.3.1.4. ADE No Response 1: (assumes LED illumination on both
modems)
1. Modem Configuration
Verify BDE modem and ADE modem are properly configured (jumper block settings).
o Install Spectrum Analyzer in line with the Rx IF coax path.
1. If 465.0MHz Transmit Beacon is present, the fault is the BDE
modem.
2. If 465.0MHz Transmit Beacon is NOT present fault is with the
ADE modem.
7.6.3.1.5.
ADE No Response 2:
1. ADE Modem Configuration
Verify the ADE modem is properly configured (jumper block settings).
2. Coax Cable failure
Verify continuity on the items listed below, repair or replace as required.
a. Base Modem to connector bracket (Base Rack Panel Assembly)
b. (CFE) BDE to ADE Rx (LMR-400)
c. Rx N to SMA Adapter (Connector bracket at Radome base)
d. SMA to SMA connector bracket to bottom side rotary joint
e. SMA to SMA top side rotary joint to PCU/ADE Modem
3. Rotary Joint (Receive channel)
Verify continuity on the receive channel for its entire 360 degree range of motion.
Replace rotary joint if any sector of it has failed.
7.6.3.1.6.
1.
2.
BDE Receive Or ADE Transmit (PED M&C):
BDE Modem Rx Port Failure (Not receiving at 465.0MHz) or
ADE Modem Tx Port Failure (Not transmitting at 465.0MHz)
o Install Spectrum Analyzer in line with the Rx IF coax path.
1. If 465.0MHz Transmit Beacon is present, the fault is the BDE
modem.
2. If 465.0MHz Transmit Beacon is NOT present fault is with the
ADE modem.
7-10
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.6.3.1.7.
1.
2.
BDE Modem Tx Port Failure (Not transmitting at 452.5MHz) or
ADE Modem Rx Port Failure (Not receiving at 452.50MHz)
o Install Spectrum Analyzer in line with the Rx IF coax path.
1. If 452.5MHz Transmit Beacon is present, the fault is the BDE
modem.
2. If 452.5MHz Transmit Beacon is NOT present, the fault is with
the ADE modem.
7.6.3.1.8.
1.
2.
7.7.
BDE Receive or ADE Transmit (RF M&C):
BDE Modem Rx Port Failure (Not receiving at 460.0MHz) or
ADE Modem Tx Port Failure (Not transmitting at 460.0MHz)
o Install Spectrum Analyzer in line with the Rx IF coax path.
1. If 465.0MHz Transmit Beacon in present, the fault is the BDE
modem.
2. If 465.0MHz Transmit Beacon is NOT present, the fault is with
the ADE modem.
7.6.3.1.9.
1.
2.
BDE Transmit or ADE Receive (PED M&C):
BDE Transmit Or ADE Receive (Radio M&C):
BDE Modem Tx Port Failure (Not transmitting at 447.5MHz) or
ADE Modem Rx Port Failure (Not receiving at 447.5MHz)
o Install Spectrum Analyzer in line with the Rx IF coax path.
1. If 465.0MHz Transmit Beacon in present, the fault is the BDE
modem.
2. If 465.0MHz Transmit Beacon is NOT present, the fault is with
the ADE modem.
Troubleshooting
7.7.1.
Theory Of Stabilization Operation
The antenna system is mounted on a three axis stabilization assembly that provides free motion with 3
degrees of freedom. This assembly allows the inertia of the antenna system to hold the antenna pointed
motionless in inertial space while the ship rolls, pitches and yaws beneath the assembly. Three low friction
torque motors attached to each of the three free axes of the assembly provide the required force to
overcome the disturbing torque imposed on the antenna system by cable restraints, bearing friction and small
air currents within the radome. These motors are also used to re-position the antenna in azimuth and
elevation.
The Pedestal Control Unit (PCU) uses inputs from the level cage sensors to calculate the amount of torque
required in each axis to keep the antenna pointed within +/-0.2 degrees. The primary sensor input for each
loop is the rate sensor mounted in the Level Cage Assembly. This sensor reports all motion of the antenna to
the PCU. The PCU immediately responds by applying a torque in the opposite direction to the disturbance to
bring the antenna back to its desired position. Both the instantaneous output of the rate sensor (Velocity
Error) and the integrated output of the rate sensor (Position Error) are used to achieve the high pointing
accuracy specification.
The calculated torque commands are converted to a 5 volt differential analog signal by a Digital to Analog
converter (D/A) and sent to each of three Brush-Less Servo Amplifiers. These amplifiers provide the proper
drive polarities and commutation required to operate the Brush-Less DC Servo Motors in torque mode. The
Torque acting on the mass of the antenna cause it to move, restoring the rate sensors to their original
position, and closing the control loop.
Since the rate sensors only monitor motion and not absolute position, a second input is required in each axis
as a long term reference to keep the antenna from slowly drifting in position. The Level and Cross Level
reference is provided by a two axis tilt sensor in the level cage assembly. The Azimuth reference is provided
by combining the ships gyro compass input and the antenna relative position.
7-11
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.7.2.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Series 97B-21/00B-21 Dual C-Band OR Quad Ku-Band TVRO RF Flow
Refer to the System Block Diagram in the Drawings section of this manual. The feed has a 24VDC motor to
rotate the body of the OMT to optimize the linear polarization angle of the LNBs to the polarization angle of
the signal coming from the targeted satellite. The 24VDC motor is remotely controlled by the ACU (Manual
OR Auto-Polarization) through the PCU and Shielded Polang Relay Assy.
Two fixed frequency C-Band LNBs and one Quad Ku-Band LNBs are installed. Both C-Band polarizations (H &
V) are routed to J1 of the coax switches mounted on a C/Ku Switch Panel. Both Ku-Low Band polarizations
(H&V) are routed to J2 of the coax switches. The coax switches are controlled from the ACU MODE –
TRACKING Band Selection through the PCU and the Shielded Polang Relay Assy. The ACU band selection will
route either the C-Band, OR the Ku-Low Band, signals through two of the channels of the rotary joint. The
other two channels of the coax rotary joint are the (un-switched) Ku-High Band outputs of the Quad Ku LNB.
7.7.2.1.
Channel 1 (White)
HORIZ C/Ku-low coax has +18 VDC Voltage supplied by Matrix Switch plus C-Band IF (9501450MHz) OR Ku-Band IF (950-1950MHz) “Band Selected” output from the C/Ku-low Switch.
Horizontal C/Ku-low band switched output passes through this channel of the 75 ohm coaxial rotary
joint, to the base of the radome, down the ADE-BDE coax to the C/Ku HORIZ LO input of the four
port Matrix Switch. The ACUs’ Tracking Receiver and each of the C or Ku-Band Satellite Receivers is
connected by coax cable to one of the available IF outputs of the Matrix Switch. Total signal loss of
this path is the accumulation of the coax cable losses from antenna to receiver, plus the loss in the
C/Ku Switch and the Matrix Switch.
7.7.2.2.
Channel 2 (Blue)
VERT C/Ku-low coax has +13 VDC Voltage supplied by Matrix Switch plus C-Band IF (950-1450MHz)
OR Ku-Band IF (950-1950MHz) “Band Selected” output from the C/Ku-low Switch AND Antenna
Control RF (Pedestal TX at 1.1 & Base TX at 1.5 MHz) which is added onto this coax by the Pedestal
FSK Modem (connected to the PCU). Vertical C/Ku-low band switched output passes through this
channel of the 75 ohm coaxial rotary joint, to the base of the radome, down the ADE-BDE coax to
the Base FSK Modem (connected to the ACU) and then to the C/Ku VERT LO input of the four port
Matrix Switch. Total signal loss of this path is the accumulation of the coax cable losses from
antenna to receiver, plus the loss in the C/Ku Switch, Pedestal & Base Modems (1 dB max loss each)
and the Matrix Switch.
7.7.2.3.
Channel 3 (Red)
HORIZ Ku-high coax has +18 VDC Voltage supplied by Matrix Switch plus Ku-Band IF (11002150MHz). Horizontal Ku-high band un-switched output passes through this channel of the 75 ohm
coaxial rotary joint, to the base of the radome, down the ADE-BDE coax to the Ku HORIZ HI input of
the four port Matrix Switch. Total signal loss of this path is the accumulation of the coax cable
losses from antenna to receiver, plus the loss in the Matrix Switch.
7.7.2.4.
Channel 4 (Green)
VERT Ku-high coax has +13 VDC Voltage supplied by Matrix Switch plus Ku-Band IF (11002150MHz). Vertical Ku-high band un-switched output passes through this channel of the 75 ohm
coaxial rotary joint, to the base of the radome, down the ADE-BDE coax to the Ku VERT HI input of
the four port Matrix Switch. Total signal loss of this path is the accumulation of the coax cable
losses from antenna to receiver, plus the loss in the Matrix Switch.
7.7.3.
Antenna Initialization (Series 97B & Series 00 )
Turn the pedestal power supply ON. The brakes on the Elevation and Cross-Level motors will release.. Brake
release power supply control circuit supplies 24 VDC to the brakes initially (5-10 seconds) and then reduces
the voltage to 12VDC. The PCU will initialize the stabilized portion of the mass to be level with the horizon
and at a prescribed Azimuth and Elevation angles. The antenna will go through the specific sequence of steps
(listed below) to initialize the level cage, elevation, cross-level and azimuth to predetermined starting
positions.
Initialization is completed in the following phases, each phase must complete properly for the antenna to
operate properly (post-initialization). Observe the Initialization of the antenna pedestal.
Step 1. The level platform motor drives the Level Cage CW, issuing extra steps to assure that the
cage is all the way to the mechanical stop. Then the Level Cage will be driven exactly 45.0 degrees
CCW.
7-12
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Step 2. Elevation axis then activates - Input from the LV axis of the tilt sensor is used to drive the
Elevation of the equipment frame to bring the tilt sensor LV axis to level. This step takes
approximately 10 seconds and will result in the dish being at 45.0 degrees in elevation. The level
cage may still be tilted left or right at this time.
Step 3. Cross-Level axis activates - Input from the CL axis of the tilt sensor is used to drive CrossLevel of the equipment frame to bring the cross-level axis of the tilt sensor to level (this results in
the tilt of the Cross-Level Beam being level). This step takes approximately 10 seconds.
Step 4. Azimuth axis activates - Antenna drives CW in azimuth until the “Home Flag” signal is
produced. This signal is produced by a Home Switch hitting a cam (or by a Hall Effect sensor in close
proximity to a Magnet). After another 10 second wait, the antenna will report its version number at
the Antenna Control Unit (ACU).
This completes the phases of initialization. At this time the antenna elevation should 45.0 degrees and
Relative azimuth should be at home flag (home switch engaged on the home flag cam).
If any of these steps fail, or the ACU reports model "xx97", re-configure the PCU as described in the this
chapter. If initialization still fails, this indicates a drive or sensor problem, refer to the Troubleshooting
section.
7.7.4.
Troubleshooting using DacRemP
While troubleshooting a Sea Tel 3-Axis Antenna System, you must classify the fault you are dealing with as a
failure within one of 3 major system functions, Targeting, Stabilization, and Tracking. Should there be a
failure with any one of these functions, your system will not operate properly. A few simple checks may help
determine which fault (if any) that you are dealing with. The matrix below lists some test(s) and which of the
DacRemP graph selection would be best to use to identify a fault. The end of this chapter contains examples
on how to use DacRemP to diagnose a fault.
Targeting: is the ability to accurately point the antenna to an angular position in free space and is
controlled by the ACU. (Does the system drive to the Azimuth, Elevation, and Polarity positions within 1
degree of the desired satellite?)
Stabilization: is the process of de-coupling the ships motion from the antenna and is controlled by the
PCU. (Does the system maintain the satellite link after turning off TRACKING?)
Tracking: is the process of issuing fine adjustments to the pointing angle of the antenna to optimize the
received signal level and is controlled by the ACU. (Does the system pass a four quadrant-tracking test?)
Functional Test(s)
DacRemP Graph
Selection to use
System Function(s)
Four Quadrant Tracking.
ADMC (Position)
Tracking
Azimuth Encoder Verification.
ADMC (Position)
Targeting
Sea Trial
ADMC (Position)
Side Lobe Plots
ADMC (Position)
Targeting
Tracking
Stabilization
Tracking
Targeting Alignment (AZ & EL Trims)
ADMC (Position)
Targeting
Determine Blockage Mapping
ADMC (Position)
Tracking
Unwrap recovery (Limited Az systems only)
ADMC (Position)
Stabilization
Pedestal Gain Verification
DISPIVC (Loop Error)
Stabilization
Home switch (flag) verification (Unlimited Az
systems only)
DISPV (Ref)
Stabilization
Remote Tilt Verification
DISPV (Ref)
Targeting
Stabilization
7-13
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Level cage alignment Verification (sensor
alignment)
DISPV (Ref)
Targeting
Stabilization
Rate Sensor Output Verification
DISPW (Rate)
Stabilization
Level and CL fine balance Verification
DISPTC (Drive)
Stabilization
AZ Friction Torque Test
DISPTC (Drive)
Stabilization
DishScan Drive/Phase
DishScan XY
Tracking
Stabilization
7.7.5.
Antenna Loop Error Monitoring
The DacRemP DISPIVC graph chart provides a means for monitoring the accumulated velocity errors of the
antenna for diagnostic purposes. If this error is excessive, it indicates external forces are acting on the
antenna. These forces may be the result of but not restricted to static imbalance, excessive bearing friction,
cable binding, or wind loading. If these forces cause the antenna to mis-point by more than 0.5° from the
desired position the PCU will flag a “Stab Limit” error.
•
To view the position error, select the
•
This chart displays sensed axis errors via three traces, CL (Cross Level), LV (Elevation), and AZ
(Azimuth), at a fixed 0.05º/ vertical division.
•
The normal trace average will plots it’s display ± 3 divisions from the red reference line. Any trace
line average plotted above this is of concern and troubleshooting required. The example below
shows the forces exerted onto the antenna as a resultant of DishScan Drive. The example below
shows the results of various forces put upon antenna.
7-14
graph chart.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
•
Cross-Level Axis physically moved CCW (down to the left.) and then CW (up to the right.)
Elevation Axis physically moved CW. (reflector slightly pushed up) and then physically moved CCW.
(reflector slightly pushed down.) At the end of chart recording shows
•
DishScan Drive turned Off, notice the lack of accumulated IVC errors.
7.7.6.
Reference Sensor Monitoring
The DacRemP DISPV graph chart provides a means for monitoring the output of the 2 Axis Tilt Sensor and
the Home Switch sensor for diagnostic purposes. The Tilt sensor (located inside the Level Cage Assembly) is
the primary input for the antenna’s reference to the horizon (0° Elevation and 90° Cross-Level). While the
Home Switch Sensor (located at the antenna base) is used to calibrate the antenna’s position relative to the
vessels BOW.
•
To view the reference sensors, select the
•
This chart displays the output of the Tilt Sensor via two traces, CL (Cross Level), LV (Elevation) at a
fixed 1º/ vertical division, and the home flag logic level via a single trace, AZ (Azimuth).
7-15
graph chart.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
•
The normal trace display for the Tilt Sensor, after performing remote tilt calibration, will be ± 4
divisions from the red reference line. Any trace line average plotted above this is of concern and
troubleshooting required. See below for a screen capture of an antenna that is Level in both the
Cross-Level and Elevation Axis.
•
The Cross Level Tilt display should plot on the red reference line when the level cage is level,
referenced to the horizon. It should decrease (plots below red line) when the antenna is tilted to the
left and increase (plots above red line) when tilted to the right. See below for a screen capture of an
abnormal CL trace Plot, it is an indication that the antenna that is either listed to the right approx. 4
degrees or the PCU requires to much CL tilt bias.
•
The Level tilt display should plot on the red reference line when the level cage is level, referenced to
the horizon. It should decrease (plots below red line) when the antenna is tilted forward (EL down)
and increase (plots above red line) when tilted back (EL up).
•
The Azimuth display for the Home Switch will normally display a logic level high (plots directly on
Red reference line after clicking on the
button) when the home flag is NOT engaged and
changing to a logic level low when engaged. See below for a screen capture of an antenna that was
driven so that the Home Flag switch is engaged.
7-16
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
7.7.7.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Open Loop Rate Sensor Monitoring
The DacRemP DISPW graph chart provides a means for monitoring the output of the 3 solid state rate
sensors (located inside the Level Cage Assembly) for diagnostic purposes. The rate sensors are the primary
inputs to the PCU for stabilization.
•
To monitor the rate sensors, select the
•
This chart displays sensed output from the 3 rate sensors via three traces, CL (Cross Level), LV
(Elevation), and AZ (Azimuth), at a fixed 1º/Second/vertical division.
•
A normal trace display will be ± 1 divisions from the red reference line. The example shown below
shows an antenna that is NOT currently sensing motion in any axis.
•
The Cross Level display should decrease (plots below red line) as the antenna is tilted to the left and
increase (plots above red line) as the antenna tilted to the right.
•
The Level display should decrease (plots below red line) as the antenna is tilted forward and increase
(plots above red line) as the antenna is tilted back.
•
The Azimuth display should decrease (plots below red line) as the antenna is rotated CCW and
increase (plots above red line) as the antenna is rotated CW. In the example below, the output of
the Azimuth rate sensor is plotted above the reference line, indicating that the antenna was driven
CW in Azimuth. Due to the in-practicality of driving an axis at a consistent rate, verification of rate
sensor output is, for the most part restricted to a positive or negative response of the Level Cage
movement (plotting above or below the red reference line of each axis).
7-17
graph chart
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.7.8.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Open Loop Motor Test
The DacRemP Comm Diagnostics Window provides a means to enter in Remote Commands for driving
each individual torque motor to test that motors functionality. By driving each axis and observing the
resulting motion of the antenna, a coarse operational status of the motor and motor driver may be
established.
•
To manually drive the motors, select the “Comm Diagnostics” window under to the Tools
submenu or Press “CTRL + C”
•
Using the small field in the upper left hand corner of
the window, type in the remote command and verify
the motor appropriately drives in the direction
commanded.
•
To drive the Cross Level motor, key in ^1064, ^1128 or
^1192 and press ENTER to drive the Cross Level axis
LEFT, OFF or RIGHT respectively.
•
To drive the Level motor, key in ^2064, ^2128 or ^2192
and press ENTER to drive the level axis FORWARD,
OFF or BACKWARD respectively.
•
To drive the Azimuth motor, key in ^3064, ^3128 or
^3192 and press ENTER to drive the azimuth axis CW,
OFF or CCW.
7.7.9.
To Disable/Enable DishScan
To be able to use Step Track, or to revert to Conscan, as your active tracking mode you will have to disable
DishScan.
Select the DISHSCAN parameter window on the ACU:
1. Press the RIGHT arrow, then press the UP arrow and last press the ENTER key to turn DishScan mode
ON.
2. Press the RIGHT arrow, then press the DOWN arrow and last press the ENTER key to turn DishScan
Mode OFF.
If you change this remote parameter, you must save the change using REMOTE PARAMETERS.
If DishScan is OFF and the Step Integral parameter is set to 0000, you will get a constant ERROR 0016
(DishScan error) and you will see zeros flashing in the lower left of the Azimuth and Elevation ENTRY menu
displays. This is a visual indication that DishScan is turned OFF.
7.7.10.
Satellite Reference Mode
The ships gyro compass input to the ACU may be accurate and stable in static conditions and yet may NOT
be accurate or stable enough in some underway dynamic conditions. If there is no gyro compass or if the
7-18
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
input is corrupt, not stable or not consistently accurate the tracking errors will become large enough to cause
the antenna to be mis-pointed off satellite.
Satellite Reference Mode will uncouple the gyro reference from the azimuth rate sensor control loop. When
operating in Satellite Reference Mode changes in ships gyro reading will not directly affect the azimuth
control loop. The Pedestal Control Unit will stabilize the antenna based entirely on the azimuth rate sensor
loop and the tracking information from DishScan. This will keep the azimuth rate sensor position from
eventually drifting away at a rate faster than the tracking loop can correct by using the tracking errors to
regulate the rate sensor bias.
Satellite Reference Mode can be used as a diagnostic mode to determine if tracking errors are caused by
faulty gyro inputs.
Satellite Reference Mode is the recommended mode of operation regardless of the interfaced GYRO type.
To view, or change, the Satellite Reference Mode status, select the SAT REF remote parameter:
1. Press UP arrow and then the ENTER key to turn Satellite Reference Mode ON.
2. Press DOWN arrow and then the ENTER key to turn Satellite Reference Mode OFF.
If you change this remote parameter, you must save the change using REMOTE PARAMETERS.
7.7.11.
To Read/Decode an ACU Error Code 0008 (Pedestal Function Error):
An Error Code 8 as reported by the ACU is an indication that the above decks equipment has experienced an
error. One of the functions available within the “Comm Diagnostics” tool window provides the means to
read and decode the actual discreet Pedestal Function Error.
1.
Select the “Comm
Diagnostics” window
under to the Tools
submenu or Press “CTRL +
C”
2.
Left mouse click on the
icon.
7-19
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Right mouse click on the
icon.
This will display a list box with
the status of the above decks
pedestal filtered into 3
sections. Items preceded with
a check marks indicate a
flagged status. See matrix
below for further information
on each state.
State
Description
PCU Status (Word 1)
Slow Scan
Indicates antenna is in a specialized mode, Slow Scan, which is required when
ever a test requires driving the antenna >5°/sec
Sat Reference
Indicates that satellite reference mode is enabled.
DishScan
Indicates that DishScan Drive is enabled.
Unwrap
Indicates that the antenna is currently in an “Unwrap” state.
This is not a valid error for unlimited azimuth antenna systems
Data 3
Indicates active communication between above decks and below decks
equipment at the time of query
Data 2
Indicates active communication between above decks and below decks
equipment at the time of query
PCU Status (Word 2)
Az Target
Indicates the antenna is currently targeting a pre-determined azimuth position
Az Velocity
**Not a valid state**
Valid Heading (PCU)
Indicates that the PCU has received and integrated the heading value from the
ACU into the Azimuth Stabilization Loop. This is NOT an indication of a proper
Heading integration into ACU.
PCU Error
Indicates that one or more errors have been reported by the above decks
equipment.
PCU Init
Indicates that the above decks equipment is currently performing an
Initialization sequence
Hi Elevation
Indicates that the above decks equipment is operating an Elevation Position
higher than 83°
7-20
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
PCU Error Status (Word 3)
Sensor Limit
**Not a valid state**
Stability Limit
Indicates that the above decks equipment is mis-pointed from its intended
target by more than 0.5°. (FCC Tx Mute Compliance)
AZ Reference Error
Indicates a failure to integrate one the reference inputs within the Azimuth
Stabilization Loop.
AZ Servo Limit
Indicates the current draw through the Azimuth Servo Amplifier (motor driver
PCB) has exceeded what is required during normal operation
LV Servo Limit
Indicates the current draw through the Elevation Servo Amplifier (motor driver
PCB) has exceeded what is required during normal operation
CL Servo Limit
Indicates the current draw through the Cross-Level Servo Amplifier (motor driver
PCB) has exceeded what is required during normal operation
7.7.12.
Remote GPS LAT/LON Position:
The above decks equipment has an integrated on board Furuno GPS antenna system. The Latitude and
Longitude position information provided are utilized to calculate the Azimuth, Elevation, Cross-level and
Polarity pointing angles of the desired satellite. The DacRemP “Comm Diagnostics” Window provides a
means to query the GPS antenna to verify proper operation. The procedure below describes this process.
1. Select the “Comm
Diagnostics” window
under to the Tools
submenu or Press “CTRL +
C”
2.
Left mouse click on the
icon.
7-21
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Left Mouse click on the
“[email protected] PCU GPS position, 1
min (1 Nm)”
4.
In the “Response” window
verify proper GPS position
to within 1 nautical mile
of your current position.
The Latitude & Longitude position
of the GPS will be displayed in the
following format:
“@ LAT,N,LON,E,A”
Where LAT and LON are in degrees
and minutes, LAT will be followed
by N or S (North or South), LON will
be followed by E or W (East or
West), then a status character and
finally a checksum character.
Furuno default value is in Japan at
34.4N 135.2E
(@3444,N,13521,E,,_).
After acquiring a good fix at Sea Tel
the string is @3800,N,12202,W,A^
for our 38N 122W Latitude and
Longitude position.
The status character tells you the
status of the GPS.
“,” (Comma) = GPS has NOT
acquired a proper fix,
“N” = GPS fix is NOT valid
“A” = GPS has acquired a valid fix.
7.8.
Maintenance
7.8.1.
Balancing the Antenna
The antenna and equipment frame are balanced at the factory however, after disassembly for shipping or
maintenance, balance adjustment may be necessary. The elevation and cross-level motors have a brake
mechanism built into them, therefore, power must be ON to release the brakes and DishScan and antenna
drive must be OFF to balance the antenna. . Do NOT remove any of the drive belts. Balancing is
accomplished by adding or removing balance trim weights at strategic locations to keep the antenna from
falling forward/backward or side to side. The antenna system is not pendulous so 'balanced' is defined as the
antenna remaining at rest when left in any position.
7-22
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
The “REMOTE BALANCE” parameter (located at the end of the Remote Parameters after REMOTE TILT) of the
ACU. When enabled, Remote Balance Mode temporarily turns DishScan, Azimuth, Elevation and Cross-Level
drive OFF. This function is required when trying to balance antenna systems that have a built-in brakes on
the elevation and cross-level motors.
Assure that Antenna power is ON and that the antenna has completed initialization.
At the ACU:
1. From the ACU - REMOTE BALANCE parameter: Enable balance mode (refer to your ACU manual).
The screen should now display “REMOTE BALANCE ON”.
At the Antenna:
2. At the Antenna: Balance the antenna with the elevation near horizon (referred to as front to back
balance) by adding, or subtracting, small counter-weights.
3. Then balance Cross Level axis (referred to as left-right balance) by moving existing counterweights from the left to the right or from the right to the left. Always move weight from
one location on the equipment frame to the same location on the opposite side of the equipment
frame (ie from the top left of the reflector mounting frame to the top right of the reflector
mounting frame). Do NOT add counter-weight during this step.
4. Last, balance the antenna with the elevation pointed at, or near, zenith (referred to as top to bottom
balance) by moving existing counter-weights from the top to the bottom or from the
bottom to the top. Always move weight from one location on the equipment frame to the same
location on the opposite side of the equipment frame (ie from the top left of the reflector
mounting frame to the bottom left of the reflector mounting frame). Do NOT add counter-weight
during this step.
5. When completed, the antenna will stay at any position it is pointed in for at least 5 minutes (with no
ship motion).
6. Do NOT cycle antenna power to re-Initialize the antenna. Return to the ACU, which is still in
REMOTE BALANCE mode, and press ENTER to exit Remote Balance Mode. When you exit Balance
Mode the antenna will be re-initialized, which turns DishScan, Azimuth, Elevation and Cross-Level
drive ON.
7.8.2.
To Adjust Tilt:
A REMOTE TILT calibration is required to align the level cage assembly correctly so that all sensors will be
aligned accurately to the axis they relate to. The fluid filled tilt sensor provides a two dimensional horizon
reference. The system is not able to automatically calculate the exact center value, therefore it is necessary
to perform this procedure to manually enter any offset required to make sure the PCU receives a true
reference to the horizon. The procedures below describes the process of performing this calibration from
either the ACU front panel or DacRemP diagnostic software by connecting the ACU’s RS-422 M&C Port to an
available serial port on a Laptop/Desktop computer using a standard 9 pin serial cable.
Step 1 Turn Off DishScan Drive.
Using the DAC2202 ACU Front Panel:
1. Go to Remote Command window by pressing and holding the two LEFT & RIGHT
2.
arrows
until the EL TRIM parameter is displayed.
Press and release both Left & Right arrow keys again. The “SAVE NEW PARAMETERS”
window should now be displayed.
3.
ENTER key or the
Press either the
TG” parameter is displayed.
4.
Press the
DOWN key until the “REMOTE DishScan
“RIGHT arrow to activate selection, then press the
Up arrow to toggle
state to OFF. Press the
ENTER key (Note: You will see that an error code 16 is
generated when DishScan movement is off.)
7-23
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Using DacRemP:
1.
Click on the
icon in the Comm Diagnostics window. (Verify that DishScan
is turned off by clicking the Error LED on main display panel, there should be a check mark
next to Conscan/DishScan)
(Steps 2-7 will require assistance to observe and operate antenna simultaneously)
Step 2: At Antenna, If not already installed, place a circular level bubble on top lid of level cage.
Step 3: On the ACU front Panel, press either the
the REMOTE TILT window is displayed
ENTER key or the
DOWN arrow key until
Step 4: Push the
RIGHT arrow key to activate the Remote Tilt Mode.
Step 5: Based on the feedback from the technician observing the circular bubble, the technician which
operating the ACU will need to use the arrow keys to rotate the stabilized antenna mass from front to
back and left to right. You should wait at least 10 seconds between commands to allow time for sensor
to settle.
Left arrow will rotate antenna mass down to the left in the Cross-Level axis ½ degree
Right arrow will rotate antenna mass up to the right in the Cross-Level axis ½ degree
Up arrow will rotate antenna mass up in the Level axis ½ degree
Down arrow will rotate antenna mass down in the Level axis ½ degree
When correct the Bubble should be as close to the center of the fluid as possible.
Step 6: Press
ENTER key to exit Remote Tilt Mode.
Step 7: Verify Tilt Bias entered is within specifications.
From antenna:
1. Observe the bubble for approximately 3-5 minutes to ensure it remains centered.
Using DacRemP:
2.
3.
Select the
reference sensor graph.
Verify the CL and LV displays are steady and within 4 divisions of nominal. (Anything more
than 4 divisions above or below red reference line should be of concern and
troubleshooting is required)
Step 8: Save Level and Cross-Level Tilt Bias values.
Using the DAC2202 ACU Front Panel:
4.
Press
DOWN arrow or enter until you see “REMOTE PARAMETERS” window is
displayed
5.
Press
RIGHT arrow and then press
saying ‘SAVED’)
7-24
ENTER key (you will see a confirmation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Using DacRemP:
6.
Click
icon on the Remote Command window. (Verify ^0087 is displayed in
the “Last Sent Command” window)
This saves the new tilt bias settings in the PCU. Reset or re-initialize the antenna to verify that the Level cage
is properly level with the new settings.
7.8.3.
To Reset/Reinitialize the Antenna:
Pressing Reset on the ACU front panel does NOT cause a reset of the above decks equipment. To Re-initialize
the antenna from the REMOTE COMMAND window on the ACU:
1. Using the LEFT/RIGHT and UP/DOWN arrow keys set the Remote Command value to "^0090" and
press ENTER.
This resets the PCU on the antenna. The antenna will reinitialize with this command (Performs a similar
function as a power reset of the antenna).
7.9.
Pedestal Control Unit Configuration (xx97B & xx00)
The PCU is designed to be used with a variety of antenna pedestal configurations. The configuration information that
is unique to each pedestal type is stored in a Non Volatile Random Access Memory (NVRAM) in the PCU enclosure. If
the PCU is replaced or the NVRAM in the PCU should become corrupt, the PCU must be re-configured to operate with
the pedestal it is installed on. The default configuration for the PCU is model xx97B. In this configuration the PCU will
not drive any of the three torque motors to prevent damage to the unknown pedestal.
To configure the PCU, select the REMOTE COMMAND window on the DAC-2202. Refer to the table below to key in
the appropriate value for you model antenna.
7.9.1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
To configure the PCU;
Select the REMOTE COMMAND window on the ACU.
Refer to the table below to key in the appropriate value for you model antenna to enter in the next
step. EXAMPLE: For a 9797B Model Antenna is system type 0211.
Using the LEFT/RIGHT and UP/DOWN arrow keys set the Remote Command value to "N0211"
and press ENTER. The display should now show "N0211".
Press ENTER several times to select REMOTE PARAMETERS. Press LEFT arrow and then ENTER
to save the system type in the PCU.
Press RESET and the displayed Remote Version Number should now display "9797B VER 2.0x".
7.9.2.
MODEL CONFIGURATION NUMBERS
The following table shows the current mode configuration values for Series 97B pedestals with 97/07 VER
2.10 or greater PCU software.
MODEL
Configuration Number
xx97B
N 0000
8897B
9497B
12097B
14400B
8797B
9697B
9797B
14600B
9597B
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
0205
0206
0207
0208
0209
0210
0211
0212
0213
7-25
Turns off all drive motors
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.10.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Antenna Stowing Procedure
WARNING: Antenna Pedestal must be properly restrained (stowed) to
prevent damage to wire rope isolators, isolator springs and/or antenna pedestal
mechanism during underway conditions when power is removed from the
antenna assembly.
The normal operating condition for the Sea Tel Antenna system is to remain powered up at all times. This ensures that
the antenna remains actively stabilized to prevent physical damage to the antenna pedestal and reduce condensation
and moisture in the radome to prevent corrosion. If, for some reason, the antenna must be powered down during
underway transits, it should be secured with nylon straps regardless of sea conditions to prevent damage to the
antenna system. Refer to the procedure below to secure the antenna pedestal.
Equipment & Hardware needed:
•
Two (2) ½-13 x 2-inch Stainless Steel bolts.
•
Two (2) Nylon straps with ratchet mechanism. Nylon straps must be rated to 300 lbs. Working load
capacity and 900 lbs. Max rated capacity.
Stowing procedure:
1.
Point the antenna to Zenith, (90 degree elevation angle),
straight up.
2. Install one (1) ½-13 x 2-inch bolt into the inside of each
elevation beam as shown in Figure 1.
3. Hook one end hook of the nylon strap to bolt in elevation
beam as shown in Figure 2.
7-26
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
4. Hook the other end hook of the nylon strap to the pedestalmounting frame as shown in Figure 3.
5.
Use the ratchet of the strap to tighten nylon straps. As the
straps are tightened, observe the vertical isolation canister
assembly as shown in Figure 4.
6. Tighten straps until the canister has been pulled down
approx. ¼ to ½ inch. Do not over-tighten. You must leave
approximately 1/8 inch clearance between the rubber stops
and the azimuth driven sprocket to allow the vertical
vibration isolation to function properly.
NOTE: Remove both the straps and the bolts before applying power and returning the antenna
to normal operating condition.
7-27
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
7-28
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
8.
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
The technical specifications for your Series Above Decks Equipment subsystems are listed below: Refer to your ACU manual for
its’ Specifications.
8.1.
9497 Antenna Reflector
Type
Diameter (D)
Focal Length
f/D
Weight (bare)
RX Gain:
RX Gain:
8.2.
Hydro Formed Aluminum Parabola
2.4 Meter (94 inches)
0.92 Meter (35.4 inches)
0.375 inch
26 kg (57 pounds)
39.5 dB at 4.2 GHz
47.5 dB at 12.5 GHz
Feed Assemblies
8.2.1.
TVRO-21 Dual C-Band / Quad Ku-Band Feed Assembly
Type:
Receive frequency:
C-Band LNB
RF Frequencies:
IF Frequencies:
LO Frequency
Noise Figure
Quad Ku-Band LNB Assembly
Type:
LNB Manufacturer:
RF Frequencies:
IF Frequencies:
LO Frequencies:
Noise Figure:
Polarization modes:
Band Selection:
Polarization:
Polang control:
C/Ku Band Select:
Prime focus
3.7-4.2 GHz C Band
10.7-11.7 GHz Ku Low Band
11.7-12.75 GHz Ku High Band
3.7-4.2 GHz
950-1450 MHz
5.15 GHz
15 deg C, typical
Quad output
Brainwave, but may vary
Low Band
High Band
10.7 - 11.7 GHz 11.7 - 12.75 GHz
950 - 1950 MHz 1100 - 2150 MHz
9.75 GHz
10.6 GHz
0.7 dB typical
2 Horiz., 2 Vert. Outputs
2 Hi, 2 Lo band outputs
Linear, Simultaneous Dual Polarity C-Band (Horizontal & Vertical) or
Dual Band-Dual Polarity Ku-Band (Horizontal & Vertical High band
AND Horizontal & Vertical Low band)
24 volt DC motor with position feedback for Linear Mode
24 volt RF Relay Switching (See Band Select Panel)
8-1
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
8.3.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Stabilized Antenna Pedestal Assembly
Type:
Stabilization:
Stab Accuracy:
LV & CL motors:
AZ motor:
Inertial Reference:
Gravity Reference:
AZ transducer:
Range of Motion:
Elevation
Cross Level
Azimuth
Polarization
Elevation Pointing:
Three-axis (Level, Cross Level and Azimuth)
Torque Mode Servo
0.3 degrees MAX, 0.15 degrees RMS in presence of specified ship
motions (see below).
Size 34 Brushless DC Servo motor with integrated brake.
Size 34 Brushless DC Servo motor with integrated encoder .
Solid State Rate Sensors
Two Axis Fluid Tilt Sensor
256 line optical encoder (integrated in AZ motor) / home switch
-15 to +110 degrees
+/- 25 degrees
Unlimited
+/- 90 degrees
0 to +90 degrees (with 15 degree Roll)
+5 to +90 degrees (with 20 degree Roll)
+10 to +85 degrees (with 25 degree Roll)
Relative Azimuth Pointing
Unlimited
Specified Ship Motions (for stabilization accuracy tests):
Roll:
+/-15 degrees at 8-12 sec periods
Pitch:
+/-10 degrees at 6-12 sec periods
Yaw:
+/-8 degrees at 15 to 20 sec periods
Turning rate:
Up to 12 deg/sec and 15 deg/sec/sec
Headway:
Up to 50 knots
Mounting height:
Up to 150 feet.
Heave
0.5G
Surge
0.2G
Sway
0.2G
Maximum ship motion:
Roll
+/- 25 degrees (Roll only)
+/- 20 degrees (combined with Pitch)
Pitch
+/- 15 degrees
Yaw Rate
12 deg/sec, 15 deg/sec/sec
8.4.
Pedestal Control Unit (PCU)
The PCU Assembly contains 1 Printed Circuit Board (PCB). It is the main control board.
Connectors
Antenna Pedestal
44 Pin D-Sub connector
M&C Interface
15 Pin D-Sub connector
GPS Input
BNC connector
Controls
None
M&C Interface
9600 Baud RS-422
8-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
8.5.
400 MHz Base & Pedestal Unlimited Azimuth Modems (3 Channel)
Combined Signals (-1,-2)
Pass-Thru
Injected
Connectors:
RX IF L-Band
Rotary Joint
Radio / Ped M&C
RF Pedestal M&C
Modulation
Mode
Frequencies
BDE RF M&C
BDE Ped M&C
ADE RF M&C
ADE Ped M&C
Radio/Pedestal M&C
Modulation
Mode
Diagnostics
Pedestal Interface
RF Interface (Jumper Selectable)
ADE/BDE Mode
8.6.
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
950-3200 MHz RX IF,
22Khz Tone
DC LNB Voltage Select
400 MHz Pedestal M&C
SMA female
SMA female
9 pin D-Sub Connectors
Pedestal Control
FSK
Full Duplex
TX = 447.5 Mhz +/-100 KHz
TX = 452.5 Mhz +/-100 KHz
TX = 460.0 Mhz +/-100 KHz
TX = 465.0 Mhz +/-100 KHz
Radio & Pedestal Control
FSK
Full Duplex
LED Status Indicator for Power, Link communications and Self Test
RS-232/422
RS-232, RS-422 (4 wire) or RS-485 (2 wire)
Jumper Selectable
144” Radome Assembly
Type
Material
Size
Base Hatch size
Side Door
Number of panels
Rigid dome
Composite foam/fiberglass
144" Diameter x 142" High
18" high x 34" wide
18” wide x 36” high
Twelve panels (6 upper & 6 lower panels), one top cap and one base
pan
Installed height:
164" including base frame if mounted with standard Legs, 148” if
Flush-mounted
Installed weight
MAX 1800 LBS (including Antenna Pedestal Assembly)
RF attenuation
1.5 dB @ 6 GHz, dry
1.5 dB @ 12 GHz, dry
1.5 dB @ 14 GHz, dry
Wind:
Withstand relative average winds up to 100 MPH from any
direction.
Ingress Protection Rating
All Sea Tel radomes have an IP rating of 56
NOTE: Radome panels can absorb up to 50% moisture by weight. Soaked panels will also have
higher attenuation.
8-3
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
8.7.
Environmental Conditions (ADE)
Temperature:
Humidity:
Spray:
Icing:
-20 degrees C to 55 degrees C.
Up to l00% @ 40 degrees C, Non-condensing.
Resistant to water penetration sprayed from any direction.
Survive ice loads of 4.5 pounds per square foot. Degraded RF
performance will occur under icing conditions.
Up to 4 inches per hour. Degraded RF performance may occur
when the radome surface is wet.
Withstand relative average winds up to 100 MPH from any
direction.
Withstand externally imposed vibrations in all 3 axes, having
displacement amplitudes as follows:
Peak Single Amplitude
0.100 inches (0.1G to 1.0G)
0.030 inches (0.3G to 0.7G)
0.016 inches (0.4G to 1.0G)
0.009 inches (0.6G to 1.0G)
Parts are corrosion resistant or are treated to endure effects of salt
air and salt spray. The equipment is specifically designed and
manufactured for marine use.
Rain:
Wind:
Vibration:
Frequency Range, Hz
4 - 10
10 - 15
15 - 25
25 - 33
Corrosion
8.8.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Cables
8.8.1.
Antenna Control Cable (Provided from ACU-MUX)
RS-422 Pedestal Interface
Type
Number of wires
Wire Gauge
Communications Parameters:
Interface Protocol:
Interface Connector:
8.8.2.
Shielded Twisted Pairs
24 AWG or larger
9600 Baud, 8 bits, No parity
RS-422
DE-9P
Antenna L-Band TVRO IF Coax Cables (Customer Furnished)
2, 4 or 6 cables are required dependant upon which feed/LNB configuration your antenna is fitted with.
Due to the dB losses across the length of the RF coaxes at L-Band, Sea Tel recommends the following 75
ohm coax cable types (and their equivalent conductor size) for our standard pedestal installations:
Run Length
Coax Type
Conductor Size
up to 75 ft
LMR-300-75
18 AWG
up to 150 ft
RG-11 or LMR-400-75
14 AWG
up to 200 ft
LDF4-75 Heliax
10 AWG
Up to 300 ft
LMR-600-75
6 AWG
For runs longer that 300 feet, Sea Tel recommends Single-mode Fiber Optic Cables with Fiber Optic
converters.
8.8.3.
AC Power Cable (Pedestal & Rf Equipment)
Voltage:
Pedestal Power:
RF Equipment Power:
110 or 220 volts AC (220 VAC Recommended)
100 VA MAX
1500 VA MAX
8-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
8.8.4.
Gyro Compass Interface Cable (Customer Furnished)
Type:
Number of wires
Wire Gauge:
Insulation:
8.8.5.
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
Multi-conductor, Shielded
4 Conductors for Step-By-Step Gyro, 5 Conductors for Synchro
see Multi-conductor Cables spec above
600 VAC
Fiber Optic Transmitter (CFE Optional)
Model:
Frequency Range:
Noise Figure:
Impedance:
Connectors:
RF
Fiber
Ortel Model 3112A
950-2050 MHz
45 dB
75 ohm
Type F
FC/APC "Tight Fit”
8-5
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
8-6
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
9.
Model 9497B-21 Drawings
Model 9497B-21 Drawings
The drawings listed below are provided as apart of this manual for use as a diagnostic reference. Spare Parts kits listings are
provided as part number reference for replaceable parts and common assemblies.
9.1.
Drawing
128262-1_B
131858-2_B1
132600-1_A
131859_A2
128269-1_C
125425-1_D
111365-17_P
123723-1_C
123908_B2
9.2.
Drawing
128545-1_A
128546-1_C
128547-2_B
126374_B
131857-1_A
Model 9497B-21 Specific Drawings
Title
System, Model 9497B-21
System Block Diagram – Model 9497B-21
General Assembly – Model 9497B-21
Antenna System Schematic – Model 9497B-21
Antenna Assembly, 2.4M, Dual C/Quad Ku
Feed Assembly, Dual C/Quad Ku
144” Radome Assembly
Radome Base Frame Assembly
Installation Arrangement
9-3
9-5
9-8
9-10
9-11
9-13
9-15
9-18
9-21
Series 97A & 00 General Drawings
Title
Belt Kit, xx97B/xx00B
Motor Kit, xx97B/xx00B
Comprehensive Spare Parts Kit, xx97B/xx00B
Pedestal Harness Schematic Model xx97B/xx00B
Base MUX Rack Panel Assembly
9-1
9-23
9-24
9-25
9-26
9-27
Model 9497B-21 Drawings
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
9-2
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 132600-1
A
GENERAL ASS'Y, XX97B-21, TVRO, 400MHZ
2
1 EA 111365-17
P
RADOME ASS'Y, 144 INCH, WHITE/SIDE AC
3
1 EA 123723-1
C
RADOME BASE ASS'Y, 75 IN., STL, NO AC
4
1 EA 128269-1
C
ANTENNA ASS'Y, 9497B-21 TVRO
5
1 EA 125411-2
L
DAC-2202, DVB RCVR, 9 WIRE IF
(NOT SHOWN)
6
1 EA 131856-1
A
BELOW DECK KIT, 4CH, TVRO, 400MHZ
(NOT SHOWN)
11
1 EA 128188-2
A
CUSTOMER DOC PACKET, 9497B-21, TVRO
(NOT SHOWN)
12
1 EA 122539-1
B
SHIP STOWAGE KIT, XX97
(NOT SHOWN)
13
1 EA 114569
D
BALANCE WEIGHT KIT
(NOT SHOWN)
14
1 EA 124877-1
C
DECAL KIT, XX97, SEATEL (126 IN/144 I
(NOT SHOWN)
SYSTEM, 9497B-21, TVRO
PROD FAMILY
97 TVRO
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING
NUMBER
128262-1
REV
B
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 132600-1
A
GENERAL ASS'Y, XX97B-21, TVRO, 400MHZ
3
1 EA 128269-1
C
ANTENNA ASS'Y, 9497B-21 TVRO
4
1 EA 125425-1
5
1 EA 132463-1
B
LNBF, QUAD, KU, INVERTO, MODIFIED
6
2 EA 114540
C
LNB, C-BAND
20
1 EA 130854-1
C1 MODEM ASS'Y, 400MHZ FSK, 4CH, ADE, RS
21
1 EA 115708-3
H3 CIRCUIT BREAKER BOX ASS'Y, 97 220V
22
1 EA 125570-4
K
POWER SUPPLY ASS'Y, COSEL 150W, RH EN
23
1 EA 127513-1
C
PCU ENCLOSURE ASS'Y, XX97B, STD
24
1 EA 116024-3
N
SHIELDED POLANG RELAY ASS'Y
25
2 EA 116000-1
M SERVO AMPLIFIER ASS'Y, 2.5A
26
1 EA 122208-1
Q
27
1 EA 121966-6
D2 GPS ANTENNA, RETERMINATED, 32.0 L
28
1 EA 116034
G
29
1 EA 116000-2
M SERVO AMPLIFIER ASS'Y, 5A
30
1 EA 121425-3
D4 HARNESS ASS'Y, INTERFACE, 4006
31
1 EA 126375-3
B
HARNESS ASS'Y, PEDESTAL
32
1 EA 123331-1
D
HARNESS ASS'Y, REFLECTOR
33
1 EA 125726-3
B
HARNESS ASS'Y, BRAKE, 56 IN, XX07
40
1 EA 127940-2
B
POWER RING ASS'Y, 22 IN, 96 IN. CONTA
41
1 EA 124288-96
H
CABLE ASS'Y, AC POWER, 96 IN
50
7 EA 109391
A
ADAPTER, F(F)-F(F) (BULLET), 0.84 IN
51
1 EA 127968-1
A1 ROTARY JOINT, 4RF-2DC
52
1 EA 128204-1
B1 RF SWITCH ASSEMBLY
60
1 EA 128254-14
A
61
1 EA 117164-24WHT
A4 CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F, 24
62
1 EA 127833-24BLU
A4 CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F(M) TO SMA
63
1 EA 128385-60BLU
C
D1 FEED ASS'Y, DUAL C/QUAD KU, DISHSCAN
LEVEL CAGE ASS'Y, SIDE EXIT, 080 P.,
HOME SWITCH ASS'Y, SHIELDED
HARNESS ASS'Y, 6 CH, RG-6, F(M) TO F(
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179, COAX, SMA (RA) T
SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM, 9497B-21, TVRO, 400MHZ
PROD FAMILY
LIT
EFF. DATE
3/7/2011
SHT 1 OF 3
DRAWING
NUMBER
131858-2
REV
B1
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
64
1 EA 127963-60GRN
C
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F(RA),
65
1 EA 127963-60WHT
C
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F(RA),
66
1 EA 127963-60RED
C
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F(RA),
100
1 EA 125411-2
M DAC-2202, DVB RCVR, 9 WIRE IF
101
1 EA 131856-1
A
BELOW DECK KIT, 4CH, TVRO, 400MHZ
102
1 EA 131857-1
B
BASE MODEM RACK PANEL ASS'Y, 4CH TVRO
103
1 EA 116676
C
ASSEMBLY, TERMINAL MOUNTING STRIP
105
1 EA 130854-2
C1 MODEM ASS'Y, 400MHZ FSK, 4CH,BDE, RS
110
1 EA 120643-25
B
CABLE ASS'Y, RS232, 9-WIRE, STRAIGHT,
111
1 EA 116298-1
G
INTERFACE HARNESS ASS'Y, SINGLE MODEM
112
1 EA 119479-10
B1 CABLE ASS'Y, CAT5 JUMPER, 10 FT.
115
1 EA 128385-12BLU
C
116
1 EA 128001-8BLU
A1 CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F(M) TO SMA
117
1 EA 128253-6
X2 HARNESS ASS'Y, 4 CH, RG-59, F(M) TO F
118
1 EA 111115-6
B1 CABLE ASS'Y, F(M)-F(M), 6 FT.
120
5 EA 109391
A
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179, COAX, SMA (RA) T
ADAPTER, F(F)-F(F) (BULLET), 0.84 IN
SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM, 9497B-21, TVRO, 400MHZ
PROD FAMILY
LIT
EFF. DATE
3/7/2011
SHT 2 OF 3
DRAWING
NUMBER
131858-2
REV
B1
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 128286-1
A
PEDESTAL ASS'Y, 94/96/99 FOR 97B
2
1 EA 128515-2
A1 POWER ASS'Y, 220V, 45 IN. SHROUD, TVR
3
1 EA 132599-1
A
ELECT. EQ. FRAME ASS'Y, XX97B-21, TVR
9
1 EA 121655-1
H
LABELS INSTALLATION
10
1 EA 123530-4
E
GROUND BONDING KIT, XX97, TVRO
(NOT SHOWN)
GENERAL ASS'Y, XX97B-21, TVRO, 400MHZ
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING
NUMBER
132600-1
REV
A
8
7
6
5
4
2
3
REV
REVISION HISTORY
DESCRIPTION
ECO# DATE
A
7397
7-26-10
1
BY
K.D.H.
ADDED NOTE 2, SBD COLUMN TO TABLE; RELEASED TO PRODUCTION, WAS X1
3
D
D
9
C
C
2
B
B
9
DASH
-1
-2
-3
1
DESCRIPTION
XX97B-21, TVRO
XX97B-20, TVRO
XX97B-1 & -2, TVRO
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES.
X.X = .050
X.XX = .020
X.XXX = .005
ANGLES: .5
A
SBD
131858
N/A
N/A
DESIGNER/ENGINEER:
NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
1. INSTALL ITEM 10 PER SEATEL SPEC. 127315.
2. WHEN BUILDING FOR PEDESTAL UPGRADE KITS,
TEST PER SEATEL PROCEDURE 132516.
DRAWN BY:
K.D.H.
JWM
WEIGHT:
DRAWN DATE:
MATERIAL:
APPROVED BY:
7-1-10
Tel. 925-798-7979 Fax. 925-798-7986
N/A
GENERAL ASS'Y,
INTERPRET TOLERANCING PER ASME Y14.5 - 2009
FINISH:
This drawing and specifications are the property
of Cobham PLC. Neither this document, the
N/A
information, or the specifications disclosed shall
be reproduced or transferred in whole or in part
SURFACE ROUGHNESS:
for any purpose without the specific written
authorization of Cobham PLC. This restriction
is applicable regardless of the source from which
the document is obtained. Any violation of this policy
3rd ANGLE
is a violation of the Trade Secrets Act and subject
PROJECTION
to prosecution to the fullest extent of the law.
-1 SHOWN
8
7
6
5
4
A
TITLE:
APPROVED DATE:
SIZE
SCALE:
B
1:8
FIRST USED:
3
XX97B, TVRO, 400MHZ
REV
DRAWING NUMBER
132600
XX97B UPGRADE KIT
2
A
1 OF 1
SHEET NUMBER
1
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 110174-3
REFLECTOR, 2.4M, CUSTOM BACKFRAME, BE
2
4 EA 115446-2
Q
FEED STRUT ASS'Y, 45.00 IN
3
1 EA 125425-1
D
FEED ASS'Y, DUAL C/QUAD KU, DISHSCAN
5
4 EA 122705
C
BRACKET, REFLECTOR MOUNTING, ALUM.
6
1 EA 123331-1
D
HARNESS ASS'Y, REFLECTOR
(NOT SHOWN)
7
1 EA 128254-14
A
HARNESS ASS'Y, 6 CH, RG-6, F(M) TO F(
(NOT SHOWN)
8
10 EA 119801-019
B
CABLE TIE, NYLON, 7.5 IN, NATURAL
(NOT SHOWN)
52
8 EA 114586-542
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1-3/4, S.S.
53
8 EA 114583-029
NUT, HEX, 1/4-20, S.S.
54
16 EA 114580-029
WASHER, FLAT, 1/4, S.S.
60
4 EA 114586-623
B
SCREW, HEX HD, 3/8-16 x 1, S.S.
61
8 EA 114580-031
A
WASHER, FLAT, 3/8, S.S.
62
4 EA 114583-031
NUT, HEX, 3/8-16, S.S.
ANTENNA ASS'Y, 9497B-21 TVRO
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING
NUMBER
128269-1
REV
C
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
B
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 116286-5
OMT, DUAL BAND, 4-PORT
2
2 EA 110256-2
3
2 EA 114540
B1 LNB, C-BAND
4
1 EA 123648-1
D
SCALAR PLATE ASS'Y, C/KU-BAND, RX ONL
5
1 EA 132463-1
B
LNBF, QUAD, KU, INVERTO, MODIFIED
6
1 EA 113648-1
K
FEED ADAPTER PLATE
9
1 EA 111576-2
E
BRACKET, FEED COUNTERWEIGHT, 16 IN
10
2 EA 112573-2
C
WEIGHT, TRIM, 1/2 x 2.75 x 3, 1.17 LB
12
2 EA 114586-542
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1-3/4, S.S.
13
3 EA 114586-556
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 7/8, S.S.
15
4 EA 114580-029
WASHER, FLAT, 1/4, S.S.
16
37 EA 114581-029
WASHER, LOCK, 1/4, S.S
17
38 EA 114583-029
NUT, HEX, 1/4-20, S.S.
18
4 EA 114576-146
SCREW, FLAT HD, PHIL, 6-32 x 3/8 S.S.
19
3 EA 114590-189
SCREW, SOCKET SET-CUP, 8-32 x 3/16, S
20
37 EA 114586-538
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1, S.S.
30
1 EA 116686
33
76 EA 114580-027
WASHER, FLAT, 1/4, SMALL PATTERN, S.S
34
3 EA 114586-537
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 3/4, S.S.
WAVEGUIDE FILTER, WR-229, 3.7-4.2GHz
A1 STOP, MECHANICAL
FEED ASS'Y, DUAL C/QUAD KU, DISHSCAN
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 2
DRAWING
NUMBER
125425-1
REV
D
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 109119-17
F3 RADOME FAB ASS'Y, 144 INCH, WHITE/SID
0
12 EA 117762-1
B
SILICONE ADHESIVE, WHT RTV 122, 10.1
0
1 EA 124818-3
B
HARDWARE KIT, MULTI-PANEL RADOME, 144
NOT SHOWN
RADOME ASS'Y, 144 INCH, WHITE/SIDE ACCESS
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING
NUMBER
111365-17
REV
P
8
6
7
5
4
2
3
REV
REVISION HISTORY
DESCRIPTION
ECO# DATE
N
N1
5050
N/A
11-7-05
10-17-07
P
7046
02-10-10
1
BY
LK
CK
STRAIN RELIEF WAS 109258-8
ADDED DASH 27
UPDATE BOM PER RED LINES. UPDATE VIEW TO SHOW DETAIL ASSY. UPDATE DASH TABLE AND RE-NUMBERS FOR NOTES
PER RED LINES. UPDATE UNITS FOR NOTE 5.
SL
D
RADOME CAP
D
144
RADOME PANAL FAB
SEE DETAIL C
1
C
C
RADOME PANEL FAB 7
W/SIDE ACCESS
SEE
DETAIL B
72 SPH.
OUTSIDE
RAD.
142
70
NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
1. SELECT RADOME FAB ASS'Y 109119 AS PER
SPECIFICATIONS IN CUSTOMERS SALES ORDERS.
2. APPLY MASKING TAPE ALONG VERTICAL AND
HORIZONTAL EDGES OF ALL PANELS PRIOR TO CAULKING.
70.5 SPH.
INSIDE
RAD. MIN.
B
SEE DETAIL A
PAN ACCESS
3.
USE SILICON ADHESIVE TO SEAL VERTICAL AND
HORIZONTAL EDGES OF ALL PANELS, RADOME CAP, AND
BASE PAN UNDER PANELS.
4.
APPLY ADHESIVE PER SEA TEL SPEC 121730 TO ALL
THREADED FASTENERS AT TIME OF FINAL ASSEMBLY AND
TORQUE TO SEA TEL SPEC. 122305.
5.
BASED ON WIND VELOCITY OF 100 MPH:
HORIZONTAL WIND SHEAR: 870 LBS.
VERTICAL LIFT EACH LEG MAX.: 580 LBS.
OVERTURNING MOMENT: 6,380 FT. LBS.
6.
USE DRAWING INCONJUNCTION WITH P/N: 124818-3.
7
ORIENT RADOME PANEL FAB W/SIDE ACCESS SO
A SIDE SEAM IS INLINE WITH THE PAN ACCESS (AFT).
B
8. RADOME HW KIT (P/N: 124818-3) CONTAINS EXTRA HW.
BASE FRAME ASS'Y
REF ONLY
DASH NO.
A
-2
-17
-18
-21
-26
-27
DASH TABLE
CONFIGURATION
COLOR
FOAM
WHITE
YES
WHITE
YES
WHITE
YES
US NAVY GREY
YES
DANISH NAVY GREY
YES
SNOW WHITE
YES
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES.
X.X = .050
X.XX = .020
X.XXX = .005
ANGLES: .5
SIDE ACCESS
NO
YES
YES
YES
YES
YES
7
6
5
MAB
DRAWN DATE:
6/13/1997
Tel. 925-798-7979 Fax. 925-798-7986
APPROVED BY:
4
RADOME ASS'Y, 144 IN
APPROVED DATE:
FINISH:
SIZE
SCALE:
B
1:32
REV
DRAWING NUMBER
111365
P
1 OF 2
SHEET NUMBER
FIRST USED:
3
A
TITLE:
INTERPRET TOLERANCING PER ASME Y14.5M - 1994
MATERIAL:
3rd ANGLE
PROJECTION
8
DRAWN BY:
2
1
8
6
7
60X 51
5
4
2
3
1
52
D
D
RADOME CAP
BASE PAN FAB
C
C
TOP RAOME PANEL
DETAIL A
SCALE 1 : 8
204X 50
102X 50
P/N: 131731-1 KIT, RADOME PANEL TO BASE FRAME, 75 IN
6X
52
DETAIL C
SCALE 1 : 8
52
50
52
RADOME PANEL
P/N: 131729-2 KIT, RADOME CAP, 126, 144 IN
B
B
A
A
DETAIL B
SCALE 1 : 8
BOTTOM RADOME PANEL
P/N: 131730-3 KIT, RADOME PANELS, 144 IN
SIZE
SCALE:
B
1:64
DRAWING NUMBER
REV
111365
P
2 OF 2
SHEET NUMBER
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 123724-1
D
RADOME BASE FRAME ASS'Y, 75 IN, STEEL
2
1 EA 123726-1
B2 RADOME BASE PAN FAB, WHITE
3
1 EA 123728-2
A1 RADOME PAN ACCESS ASS'Y, WHITE
61
6 EA 114586-540
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1-1/4, S.S.
62
12 EA 114580-029
WASHER, FLAT, 1/4, S.S.
63
6 EA 114583-029
NUT, HEX, 1/4-20, S.S.
RADOME BASE ASS'Y, 75 IN., STL, NO AC, WHT PAN
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING
NUMBER
123723-1
REV
C
8
6
7
5
4
2
3
REVISION HISTORY
DESCRIPTION
REV ECO# DATE
B
B1
C
3
4X
D
71
72
73
4888
N/A
7046
05-31-05
01-24-07
02-04-10
61
62
BY
FOR -5, -6, -8, -9 BASE PAN WAS P/N 123726-1
ADD INTERNAL AC PAN FAB CUTOUTS ( NOT PREVOUSLY SHOWN).
REMOVE -2 & -6 FR DASH TABLE. UPDATE HARDWARE KIT. ADD NOTE 2, 3 & 4. ADD BASE CROSS VIEW AND SHT 2.
V.S.
SL
SL
74
D
4X
6X
1
62
70
72
73
74
1
63
3
1
63
62
62
61
6X
5
2
C
2
4
4
C
5
1
1
B
EXTERNAL AC/ NO AC (BASE CROSS)
4
5
AC CONFIG.
SHOWN
DASH # BASE FRAME AC OPTION
-1
-3
-4
-5
-7
-8
-9
A
8
7
STL.
NO
STL.
NO
STL.
NO
STL.
EXTERNAL
STL. LG. FOOT
NO
STL. LG. FOOT EXTERNAL
STL
INTERNAL
6
BASE PAN
COLOR
BASE PAN ACCESS
ASSY
WHITE
123726-1
123728-2
US NAVY GREY 123726-2
123728-3
BRT GREY
123726-3
123728-4
WHITE
124458-1
123728-2
WHITE
123726-1
123728-2
WHITE
124458-1
123728-2
WHITE
124459-1
123728-2
5
3.
INSTALLED WITH ITEM 2 AT SEA TEL.
USE DRAWING INCONJUNCTION WITH
P/N: 131733-1 IN P/N: 124822-1.
APPLY ADHESIVE PER SEA TEL SPEC. 121730.
4
5
ORIENT DOOR SO IT IS ACCESIBLE.
SHOWN WITH EXTERNAL AC.
6.
GA TO BASE FRAME KIT ( P/N:131733-1) CONTAINS
EXTRA HW.
1
2.
NO AC CONFIG.
SHOWN
EXTERNAL AC/NO AC (SPACER BASE STAND)
4
B
NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES.
X.X = .050
X.XX = .020
X.XXX = .005
ANGLES: .5
DRAWN BY:
SCC
DRAWN DATE:
12-14-04
Tel. 925-798-7979 Fax. 925-798-7986
APPROVED BY:
A
TITLE:
INTERPRET TOLERANCING PER ASME Y14.5M - 1994
MATERIAL:
APPROVED DATE:
FINISH:
SIZE
SCALE:
B
1:1
3rd ANGLE
PROJECTION
FIRST USED:
3
RADOME BASE ASSY, 75 IN.
REV
DRAWING NUMBER
123723
XX97
2
C
1 OF 2
SHEET NUMBER
1
8
6
7
5
4
2
3
D
1
D
4
8X
71
72
73
74
3
1
61
62
62
63
6X
C
2
C
4
1
B
B
INTERNAL AC (SPIDER MOUNTING BASE)
A
A
SIZE
SCALE:
B
1:8
DRAWING NUMBER
REV
123723
C
2 OF 2
SHEET NUMBER
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 123907-14569
A3 BELT, TIMING, 1/5 PITCH, 145 GROOVES,
2
1 EA 123907-17269
A1 BELT, TIMING, 1/5 PITCH, 172 GROOVES,
3
1 EA 116430-17525
B1 BELT, TIMING, .080 PITCH, 175 GROOVES
BELT KIT, XX97B / XX00B
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING
NUMBER
128545-1
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
0
0 EA COMMENT
SEE COMMENTS
INCLUDE DWG #121730
/KIT
1
1 EA 127903-1
D
2
1 EA 127901-1
A1 MOTOR ASS'Y, CROSS LEVEL, 9797B-76
3
1 EA 125081-2
F1 AZ TRAIN MOTOR ASS'Y, XX07, LH TERMI
4
1 EA 122532-1
D3 SHIELDED LEVEL CAGE MOTOR ASS'Y, .080
5
1 EA 121880-1
A1 MOTOR ASS'Y, POLANG, (PRI-FOCUS)
6
1 EA 116463
D1 GEAR, SPUR, 12T
7
1 EA 114590-144
8
1 EA 117319-30
9
1 EA 114588-836
10
1 EA 117319-4
E
LOCTITE PRODUCTS, 242 THREADLOCKER, .
11
1 EA 117319-21
E
LOCTITE PRODUCTS, 222 THREADLOCKER, .
12
1 EA 117319-27
E
LOCTITE PRODUCTS, 638 RETAINING
COMPO
EL MOTOR ASS'Y, WITH BRAKE, 9797B-76
SCREW, SOCKET SET-CUP, 6-32 x 1/4, S.
E
LOCTITE PRODUCTS, 2760 THREADLOCKER,
SCREW, PAN HD, PHIL, 10-32 x 1-1/2, S
MOTOR KIT, XX97B / XX00B, TVRO
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING
NUMBER
128546-1
REV
C
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 127513-1
C
PCU ENCLOSURE ASS'Y, XX97B, STD
2
1 EA 130854-1
C1 MODEM ASS'Y, 400MHZ FSK, 4CH, ADE, RS
3
1 EA 130854-2
C1 MODEM ASS'Y, 400MHZ FSK, 4CH,BDE, RS
4
1 EA 122208-1
Q
LEVEL CAGE ASS'Y, SIDE EXIT, 080 P.,
5
1 EA 116024-3
N
SHIELDED POLANG RELAY ASS'Y
6
1 EA 127602-2
B1 SERVO AMPLIFIER INSTALL, 5 AMP
7
1 EA 121966-6
D2 GPS ANTENNA, RETERMINATED, 32.0 L
8
1 IN 124077-4
B
TAPE, 3M VHB #4952, SYNTHETIC ADHESIV
9
1 EA 115767
H
POT ASS'Y (MECH.), POLANG
10
1 EA 128519-1
C
HYBRID POWER RING ASS'Y, 4 CH
11
1 EA 128204-1
B1 RF SWITCH ASSEMBLY
12
1 EA 114540
C
LNB, C-BAND
13
1 EA 132463-1
B
LNBF, QUAD, KU, INVERTO, MODIFIED
14
1 EA 128545-1
A
BELT KIT, XX97B / XX00B
15
1 EA 114789-810
TRANSPORT CONTAINER
SPARE PARTS KIT, XX97B / XX00B, TVRO, COMPREHENSIVE, 400MHZ
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
3/7/2011
SHT 1 OF 2
DRAWING
NUMBER
128547-2
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1 EA 116880
G
PANEL MACHINING, RACK, BASE MUX
2
1 EA 130854-2
B
MODEM ASS'Y, 400MHZ FSK, 4CH,BDE, RS
3
1 EA 118429
O
BRACKET, CONNECTOR
4
1 EA 128001-8BLU
A1 CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F(M) TO SMA
5
5 EA 114178
O
ADAPTER, F(F)-F(F) (BULLET), 1.10 IN
6
1 EA 128385-12BLU
C
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179, COAX, SMA (RA) T
50
6 EA 114588-144
SCREW, PAN HD, PHIL, 6-32 x 1/4, S.S.
51
6 EA 114580-007
WASHER, FLAT, #6, S.S.
60
5 EA 119967
A
61
5 EA 119952-031
A1 WASHER, STAR, INTERNAL TOOTH, 3/8, S.
NUT, HEX, PANEL, 3/8-32
BASE MODEM RACK PANEL ASS'Y, 4CH TVRO, 400MHZ
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
8/18/2010
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING
NUMBER
131857-1
REV
A
8
6
7
5
4
2
3
REV
ECO# DATE
1
REVISION HISTORY
DESCRIPTION
BY
D
D
3
4
2
6
1
5X
60
C
C
61
5X
3
B
B
NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
1. APPLY ADHESIVE PER SEATEL SPEC. 121730.
2. TORQUE THREADED FASTENERS PER
SEATEL SPEC. 122305.
3 IDENTIFY PER SEATEL SPEC. 122930 APPROX.
WHERE SHOWN.
4. ROUTE ALL HARNESS AND CABLE ASSEMBLIES
PER SEATEL SPEC. 121872.
4X
5
A
5X
51
50
50
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES.
51
X.X = .050
X.XX = .020
X.XXX = .005
ANGLES: .5
2X
DRAWN BY:
K.D.H.
DRAWN DATE:
2-23-10
Tel. 925-798-7979 Fax. 925-798-7986
APPROVED BY:
BASE MODEM RACK PANEL
INTERPRET TOLERANCING PER ASME Y14.5M - 1994
APPROVED DATE:
MATERIAL:
ASS'Y, 4CH TVRO, 400MHZ
N/A
FINISH:
N/A
3rd ANGLE
PROJECTION
8
7
6
5
4
SIZE
SCALE:
B
1:1.5
FIRST USED:
3
A
TITLE:
REV
DRAWING NUMBER
131857
14400B-21
2
A
1 OF 1
SHEET NUMBER
1
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