Humminbird PiranhaMax Series Manual

Humminbird PiranhaMax Series Manual
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
PiranhaMAX™ 197c & 197c DI
Installation and Operations Manual
532274-1_A
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Thank You!
Thank you for choosing Humminbird®, the #1 name in marine electronics.
Humminbird has built its reputation by designing and manufacturing
top-quality, thoroughly reliable marine equipment. Your Humminbird is
designed for trouble-free use in even the harshest marine environment. In the
unlikely event that your Humminbird does require repairs, we offer an
exclusive Service Policy. For complete details, see the separate warranty card
included with your unit. We encourage you to read this operations manual
carefully in order to get the full benefit from all the features and applications
of your Humminbird product.
R
s
E
o
Contact Humminbird Customer Service at 1-800-633-1468 or visit our
Web site at humminbird.com.
WARNING! This device should not be used as a navigational aid to prevent collision,
grounding, boat damage, or personal injury. When the boat is moving, water depth may
change too quickly to allow time for you to react. Always operate the boat at very slow
speeds if you suspect shallow water or submerged objects.
WARNING! Disassembly and repair of this electronic unit should only be performed by
authorized service personnel. Any modification of the serial number or attempt to repair
the original equipment or accessories by unauthorized individuals will void the warranty.
WARNING! Do not travel at high speed with the unit cover installed. Remove the unit
cover before traveling at speeds above 20 mph.
WARNING! This product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and/or reproductive harm.
NOTE: Some features discussed in this manual require a separate purchase, and some
features are only available on international models. Every effort has been made to clearly
identify those features. Please read the manual carefully in order to understand the full
capabilities of your model.
NOTE: The illustrations in this manual may not look the same as your product, but your
unit will function in a similar way.
NOTE: The procedures and features described in this manual are subject to change
without notice. This manual was written in English and may have been translated to
another language. Humminbird is not responsible for incorrect translations or
discrepancies between documents.
i
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© 20
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
nics.
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6/5/14
ROHS STATEMENT: Product designed and intended as a fixed installation or part of a
system in a vessel may be considered beyond the scope of Directive 2002/95/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use
of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.
ATTENTION INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS: Products sold in the U.S. are not
intended for use in the international market. Humminbird international units provide
international features and are designed to meet country and regional regulations.
Languages, maps, time zones, units of measurement, and warranty are examples of
features that are customized for Humminbird international units purchased through
our authorized international distributors.
To obtain a list of authorized international distributors, please visit our Web site at
humminbird.com or contact Humminbird Customer Service at (334) 687-6613.
Down Imaging®, Fish ID+™, Humminbird®, PiranhaMAX™, Structure ID™, WhiteLine™, and
X-Press™ Menu are trademarked by or registered trademarks of Johnson Outdoors Marine
Electronics, Inc.
Baekmuk Batang, Baekmuk Dotum, Baekmuk Gulim, and Baekmuk Headline are registered
trademarks owned by Kim Jeong-Hwan.
© 2014 Johnson Outdoors Marine Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved.
ii
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Table of Contents
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Tab
Installation Overview
1
Mov
Fixed Control Head Installation
2
Pira
Determine Where to Mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Connect the Power Cable to the Boat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Assemble the Control Head Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Route the Control Head Cables Under the Deck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Attach the Control Head to the Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Attach the Cables to the Control Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
D
D
Transom Transducer Installation Overview
8
Transom Transducer Installation
9
Locate the Transducer Mounting Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Prepare the Mounting Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Assemble and Mount the Transducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Route the Cable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Test and Finish the Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Portable Case Assembly
21
Assemble the Control Head Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Assemble the Base and Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Attach the Control Head to the Base and Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Route the Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Assemble the Portable Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Charge and Install the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Assemble the Transducer Mounting Bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Stow the Portable Transducer and Battery Charger into the Portable Case. . . 31
Installing the Portable Case on the Boat
32
Connect the Transducer and Power Cables to the Portable Case. . . . . . . . . . . 32
Attach the Portable Case to the Boat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Mounting the Portable Transducer
34
Test the Transducer Prior to Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Mount the Portable Transducer on the Boat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
iii
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Table of Contents
1
Moving the Portable Fishfinder
36
2
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
37
..2
..2
..4
..5
..6
..7
8
9
..9
. 10
. 12
. 17
. 19
21
. 22
. 23
. 24
. 25
. 28
. 28
. 30
. 31
32
. 32
. 33
34
. 34
. 34
Dual Beam Sonar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Down Imaging Sonar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Power ON and OFF
40
The PiranhaMAX Control Head
41
POWER/MENU Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
UP and DOWN Arrow Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
CHECK/ENTER Key. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Using the Menu System
44
Setting up the Control Head (Setup Menu)
46
Contrast (Down Imaging View only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Palette (Down Imaging View only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Fish ID+ (Sonar View only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Bottom View (Sonar View only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Language (International Models only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Units - Temp (International Models only, Units submenu) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Units - Depth (International Models only, Units submenu) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Setting Alarms
50
Changing the On-Screen View
52
Status View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Down Imaging View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Sonar View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Opening the X-Press Menu
56
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Depth Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Sensitivity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Zoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
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Table of Contents
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Ins
Chart Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Filter (Sonar View only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Beam Select (Sonar View only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Befo
care
Ther
Pira
Maintenance
60
•
Troubleshooting
62
•
PiranhaMAX 197c Specifications
64
•
PiranhaMAX 197c DI Specifications
65
Contacting Humminbird
68
Sup
need
tools
strin
and
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Installation Overview
. 58
. 59
. 59
. 59
Before you start installation, we encourage you to read these instructions
carefully in order to get the full benefit from your PiranhaMAX.
There are three basic installation tasks that you must perform for the
PiranhaMAX:
60
• Installing the Control Head (fixed mount or portable mount)
62
• Installing the Transducer
64
• Testing the complete installation and locking the transducer position.
65
Supplies: In addition to the hardware supplied with your transducer, you will
need a 1 amp fuse, a powered hand drill and various drill bits, various hand
tools, including a ruler or straightedge, a level, a 12" plumb line (weighted
string or monofilament line), marker or pencil, safety glasses and dust mask,
and marine-grade silicone sealant.
68
NOTE: If you have purchased a PiranhaMAX Portable unit, proceed to Portable
Case Assembly for installation instructions. If you are planning a fixed installation,
proceed to Fixed Control Head Installation.
1
Installation Overview
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Fixed Control Head Installation
1. Determine Where to Mount
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N
c
o
It is important to review the following points when determining where to
mount the control head:
• Cables: Test run the cables for the power and
transducer. See Transom Transducer Installation
to plan the location of the transducer and cable
route.
• Mounting Surface: The mounting surface
should be stable enough to protect the control
head from excessive wave shock and vibration.
The control head should be easy to see during
operation.
Figure 1
• Clearance: The mounting area should allow
sufficient room for the unit to tilt and swivel
freely, and for easy removal and installation
(Figures 1 and 2).
Figure 2
Figure
Figure
2. Connect the Power Cable to the Boat
A 6 ft (2 m) long power cable is included to supply power to the control head. You
may shorten or lengthen the cable using 18 gauge multi-stranded copper wire.
CAUTION! Some boats have 24 or 36 Volt electric systems, but the control head MUST
be connected to a 12 VDC power supply.
The control head power cable can be connected to the electrical system of the
boat at two places: a fuse panel usually located near the console, or directly to
the battery.
NOTE: Make sure that the power cable is not connected to the control head at the
beginning of this procedure.
Fixed Control Head Installation
2
N
a
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NOTE: Humminbird is not responsible for over-voltage or over-current failures. The
control head must have adequate protection through the proper selection and installation
of a 1 amp fuse.
e to
POSITIVE
and
tion
able
GROUND
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ire.
Figure 3
1a. If a fuse terminal is available, use crimp-on
type electrical connectors (not included)
that match the terminal on the fuse panel.
Attach the black wire to ground (-), and the
red wire to positive (+) 12 VDC power
(Figure 3). Install a 1 amp fuse (not
included) for protection of the unit.
Humminbird is not responsible for overvoltage or over-current failures.
or...
Figure 4
1b. If you need to wire the control head
directly to a battery, obtain and install an
inline fuse holder and a 1 amp fuse (not
included) for the protection of the unit
(Figure 4). Humminbird is not responsible
for over-voltage or over-current failures.
NOTE: In order to minimize the potential for interference with other marine electronics,
a separate power source (such as a second battery) may be necessary.
T
f the
ly to
3
Fixed Control Head Installation
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3. Assemble the Control Head Base
4. R
Your control head base will have a tilt and swivel mount. See the instructions
below to assemble and mount the control head base.
Use
Assemble the Tilt and Swivel Mount
Tilt and Swivel Mount
Control Head Base Assembly
Mount Arms
Base
Swivel
Ring
Countersink
Side Out
Arm Screws,
(4) #6 x 7/16"
Figure 5
1. Insert the mount arms into the
base. Then, hold the mount arms in
place as you turn the base upside
down.
T
2. Insert the swivel ring into the base,
with the countersink holes for the
arm screws facing out.
3. Secure the mount arms with the
four #6 screws provided (Figure 5).
Hand tighten only!
4. Set the assembled control head
base in place on the selected
mounting surface. Mark the four
mounting screw locations with a
pencil or punch.
5. Set the base aside, and drill the
four mounting screw holes using a
9/64" (3.6 mm) bit.
6. Proceed to Route the Control Head
Cables Under the Deck.
Fixed Control Head Installation
N
c
4
Figure
ions
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
4. Route the Control Head Cables Under the Deck
Use the following steps to route the control head cables under the deck.
NOTE: Under the deck cable routing is not always possible. If this is not an option, the
cables should be routed and secured above deck.
he
n
de
NOTE: See Transom Transducer Installation to plan the location of the transducer
and cable route.
Tilt and Swivel Mount Control Head Base
e,
he
Route the Cables
1a. Mark and drill a 3/4" (19 mm) hole
as shown in Figure 6. Route the
cables through the hole. The cables
will exit through the center hole on
the control head base.
he
5).
or...
ad
d
ur
a
1b. If the cables cannot be routed
directly beneath the control head
base, mark and drill a 3/4" (19 mm)
hole that will allow you to run the
cables close to the control head
base.
he
a
ad
6/5/14
3/4”
19 mm
Figure 6
5
Fixed Control Head Installation
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5. Attach the Control Head to the Base
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5.
Follow these steps to attach the control head to the already-assembled base:
NOTE: The transducer cable and power cable should be routed prior to securing the
mounting bracket to the deck.
6.
7.
1. Apply marine-grade silicone sealant to the drilled holes for the
mounting bracket.
6. A
2. Place the mounting bracket on the mounting surface, aligning it with
the drilled holes.
Follo
head
3. Insert the four #8 Phillips countersink wood screws into the mounting
holes. Hand tighten only!
Po
Figure
Pivot Knuckle
Gimbal Knob
Thumbknob Bolt
Mounting Holes
Figure 7
4. Insert the thumbknob bolt through the pivot knuckle on the control
head (Figure 7).
Fixed Control Head Installation
6
ase:
e
he
th
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5. Align the pivot knuckle with the mount base arms and slide it into
place, twisting slightly if necessary, until the unit is firmly seated.
6. Rotate the control head to the preferred angle and hand tighten the
thumbknob bolt.
7. Thread the gimbal knob onto the pivot bolt and tighten.
6. Attach the Cables to the Control Head
Follow these steps to attach the power and transducer cables to the control
head:
ng
1. Matching the cable plugs to the shape and
orientation of the sockets, insert the
transducer and power cables into the correct
ports on the control head (Figure 8).
Power Serial Transducer
Figure 8
NOTE: The serial port is for authorized service personnel
use only. Do not connect a cable to this port. The serial
port does not require a port cover.
2. With the control head in place, tilt and/or
swivel the unit through its full range to make
sure there is enough cable slack for the unit to
move freely. Hand tighten the thumbknob bolt
to secure the control head angle.
You are now ready to install the transducer. Proceed
to Transom Transducer Installation Overview.
ol
7
Fixed Control Head Installation
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Transom Transducer Installation Overview
The transom mount installation provides the least loss of signal since the
transducer is mounted outside the hull. This installation also allows adjustment
of both running angle and depth after the transducer is mounted, which
enables you to tune the installation for best results.
NOTE: Due to the wide variety of hulls, only general instructions are presented in
this installation guide. Each boat hull represents a unique set of requirements that
should be evaluated prior to installation. It is important to read the instructions
completely and understand the mounting guidelines before beginning installation.
6:24 PM
Tra
1. L
Turb
insta
that
Con
turb
NOTE: When drilling holes in fiberglass hulls, it is best to start with a smaller bit and use
progressively larger drill bits to reduce the chance of chipping or flaking the outer coating.
NOTE: If you cannot find a transom mount location that will work for your boat hull, a
different mounting technique or transducer type should be considered. See the FAQ
(Frequently Asked Questions) section of our Web site at humminbird.com or call
Humminbird Customer Service at 1-800-633-1468.
Rive
Figur
Figur
Transom Transducer Installation Overview
8
the
ment
hich
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Transom Transducer Installation
1. Locate the Transducer Mounting Position
Turbulence: You must first determine the best location on the transom to
install the transducer. It is very important to locate the transducer in an area
that is relatively free of turbulent water.
Consider the following to find the best location with the least amount of
turbulence:
Stepped Hull
• As the boat moves through the water,
turbulence is generated by the weight of the
boat and the thrust of the propeller(s) - either
clockwise or counterclockwise. This turbulent
water is normally confined to areas
immediately aft of ribs, strakes, or rows of
rivets on the bottom of the boat, and in the
immediate area of the propeller(s). Clockwise
propellers create more turbulence on the
port side. On outboard or inboard/outboard
boats, it is best to locate the transducer
at least 15" (38 cm) to the side of the
propeller(s) (Figure 11).
Step
• The best way to locate turbulence-free
water is to view the transom while the boat
is moving. This method is recommended if
maximum high-speed operation is a high
priority. If this is not possible, select a
location on the transom where the hull
forward of this location is smooth, flat, and
free of protrusions or ribs (Figure 9).
Areas of Possible Turbulence
e
a
Q
l
Rivets
Transom
Figure 9
Figure 10
Hull
Strakes
Rib
• On boats with stepped hulls, it may be
possible to mount the transducer on the
step. Do not mount the transducer on the
transom behind a step to avoid popping the
9
Transom Transducer Installation
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transducer out of the water at higher speeds. The transducer must
remain in the water for the control head to maintain the sonar signal
(Figure 10).
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Po
• If the transom is behind the propeller(s), it may be impossible to find an
area clear from turbulence, and a different mounting technique or
transducer type should be considered, such as an Inside the Hull
Transducer.
• If you plan to trailer your boat, do not mount the transducer too close
to trailer bunks or rollers to avoid moving or damaging the transducer
during loading and unloading of the boat.
Bo
Diffe
• If high speed operation is critical, you may want to consider using an
In-Hull transducer instead of this Transom Mount transducer.
Level
15”
Find a turbulence-free location at least 15" (38 cm) from the propeller(s)
and not in line with trailer bunks or rollers. (Figure 11).
Deadrise Angle
Figure 12
NOTE: The hydrodynamic shape of your transducer allows it to point straight down
without deadrise adjustment (Figure 12).
Using
Ma
NOTE: If you cannot find a transom mount location that will work for your
high-speed application, please visit the FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) section
of our Web site at humminbird.com or call Humminbird Customer Service at
1-800-633-1468.
2. Prepare the Mounting Location
After determining the mounting location for the transducer, follow the steps
below to position and mount the transducer bracket.
Transom Transducer Installation
10
Mark
Drill
st
al
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Positioning the Mounting
Bracket
Level
se
er
Level
an
or
ull
Figure 13
Boat Hull Types Require
Different Mounting Positions
an
n
teps
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1. Make sure that the boat is level on the trailer, both
from port to starboard and from bow to stern, by
placing your level on the deck of the boat, first in
one direction, then in the other.
2. Hold the mounting bracket against the transom of
the boat in the location you have selected (Figure
13). Align the bracket horizontally, using the level.
Make sure that the lower screw hole protrusion
does not protrude past the bottom of the hull, and
there is at least 1/4" (6 mm) clearance between
the bottom of the bracket and the bottom of the
transom for fiberglass boats, and 1/8" (3 mm)
clearance for aluminum boats (Figure 14).
NOTE: If you have a flat-bottomed aluminum boat, some
additional adjustment may be needed to accommodate the
rivets on the bottom of the boat (i.e. the gap may need to be
a little smaller than 1/8"). This will help you to avoid excessive
turbulence at high speeds.
1/8" for aluminum
1/4" for fiberglass
Figure 14
Using the Mounting Bracket to
Mark the Initial Drill Holes
NOTE: If your propeller moves clockwise as the boat moves
forward (as you're facing the stern of the boat from behind),
mount the transducer on the starboard side, and align the
bottom right corner of the mounting bracket with the bottom
of the boat. If your propeller moves counterclockwise as the
boat moves forward (as you're facing the stern of the boat
from behind), mount the transducer on the port side, and align
the bottom left corner of the mounting bracket with the
bottom of the boat.
3. Continue to hold the bracket on the transom of the
boat, and use a pencil or marker to mark the two
mounting holes. Mark the drill holes near the top
of each slot, making sure that your mark is
centered in the slot (Figure 15).
Mark Initial
Drill Holes
3rd hole
Figure 15
NOTE: The third hole should not be drilled until the angle
and height of the transducer is finalized, which you will
not do until a later procedure.
11
Transom Transducer Installation
6:24 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:24 PM
4. Make sure that the drill bit is perpendicular to the actual surface of the
transom, NOT parallel to the ground, before you drill. Using a 5/32"
(4 mm) bit, drill the two holes only to a depth of approximately 1"
(25 mm).
M
NOTE: On fiberglass hulls, it is best to use progressively larger drill bits to reduce the
chance of chipping or flaking the outer coating.
Plu
Lin
3. Assemble and Mount the Transducer
In this procedure, you will assemble the transducer using the hardware
provided, then mount it and make adjustments to its position without locking
it in place.
NOTE: You will initially assemble the transducer and the mounting bracket by matching
the two ratchets to a numbered position on the transducer knuckle. Further adjustments
may be necessary.
1a. If you already know your transom angle, refer to the chart below for
the initial position to use to set the ratchets (Figure 16). If your transom
is angled at 14 degrees (a common transom angle for many boats) use
position 1 for the ratchets. In either case, go to step 2.
Bead Alignment
Number
1
4
2
5
3
1
4
2
5
3
1
Transom Angle (°) -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Measured Distance (x)
0.0 cm
0“
1.1cm
1/2“
2.5 cm
1“
4.3 cm
1 5/8“
5.9 cm
2 3/8“
7.6 cm
3“
9.3cm
3 5/8“
11.1cm
4 3/8“
12.9cm
5“
14.9cm
5 7/8“
16.9cm
6 5/8“
Figure 16
or...
1b. If you do not know your transom angle, measure it using a plumb line
(weighted nylon string or monofilament line) exactly 12 inches
(30.48 cm) long. Hold the top of the plumb line against the top of the
transom with your finger, and wait until the line hangs straight down
(Figure 17). Using a ruler, measure the distance from the bottom of the
plumb line to the back of the transom, then use the chart (Figure 16).
NOTE: It is important to take your measurement in the location shown in Figure 17,
from exactly 12 inches (30.48 cm) down from the top of the transom.
Transom Transducer Installation
12
Trans
angle
degre
(°)
M
D
Hold
mou
to th
he
2"
1"
e
ware
king
g
s
or
m
se
ne
es
he
wn
he
).
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Measuring the Transom Angle
Plumb
Line
Transom
angle in
degrees
(°)
Weight
Measured
Distance (X)
6/5/14
2. Place the two ratchets, one on either side of
the transducer knuckle, so that the beads on
each ratchet line up with the desired position
number on the knuckle (Figure 18a). If you are
setting the ratchets at position 1, the beads
on each ratchet will line up with the rib on the
transducer knuckle to form one continuous
line on the assembly (Figure 18b).
NOTE: The ratchets are keyed. Make sure that the square
teeth on each ratchet face the square teeth on the
transducer knuckle, and the triangular teeth face
outward.
Figure 17
Hold the ratchets on the transducer knuckle with one hand and fit the
mounting bracket over them until it snaps into place with the other hand. Refer
to the illustration (Figure 18d).
Transducer Knuckle Positions
Ratchets Placed in Position 1
Beads
Knuckle
Ratchet
Rib at
position 1
Figure 18a
Figure 18b
Ratchets Placed in Position 2
Fitting the Mounting Bracket Over the Ratchet
Bead
Rib
Ratchet
Figure 18d
Figure 18c
13
Transom Transducer Installation
6:24 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
3. Put the pivot bolt through the assembly to hold it in position
and loosely install the nut, but do NOT tighten the nut at this time
(Figure 19).
6:25 PM
5.
CAUTION! Do not use a high speed driver on this combination of fasteners. Hand
tighten only.
Inserting the Pivot Bolt (XNT 9 28 T)
Inserting the Pivot Bolt (XNT 9 DI T)
F
Figure 19
Mounting the Assembly to the Transom
Figure 19
4. Align the mounting bracket transducer
assembly with the drilled holes in the
transom. With a 5/16" (8 mm) socket
driver, mount the assembly to the transom
using the two #10 - 1" (25.4 mm) long
screws provided (Figure 20). Hand tighten
only!
Figure 20
Transom Transducer Installation
NOTE: Make sure that the mounting screws are
snug, but do not fully tighten the mounting screws
at this time to allow the transducer assembly to slide
for adjustment purposes.
14
F
n
me
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
5. Adjust the initial angle of the transducer from back to front by rotating
the transducer until the side seam on the transducer is almost parallel
with the bottom of the boat, one click at a time in either direction
(Figure 21 and 22).
Adjusting the Initial Transducer Angle (XNT 9 28 T)
One click too high
Correctly aligned
(transducer side
seam aligned
with boat bottom)
Trailing edge
Leading edge
Figure 21
er
he
et
m
ng
One click too low
Figure 22
Adjusting the Initial Transducer Angle (XNT 9 DI T)
One click too high
Correctly aligned
(transducer side
seam aligned
with boat bottom)
en
e
s
e
6/5/14
Trailing edge
Leading edge
Figure 21
Figure 22
15
One click
too low
Transom Transducer Installation
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Adjusting the Transducer
Mounting Position
Seam aligned with boat hull
Figure 23
6/5/14
6. Adjust the transducer assembly vertically,
until the seam on the leading edge of the
transducer (the edge closest to the transom of
the boat) is level and just slightly below the
hull (Figure 23).
4. R
NOTE: The XNT 9 28 T (Dual Beam transducer) has a natural
downward slant of 4 to 5 degrees from leading edge (closest
to the boat transom) to trailing edge (farthest away from the
boat). Looking at the back of the transducer, the seam should
be slightly below the bottom of the hull.
N
t
NOTE: A downward slant is not required for the XNT 9 DI T
(Down Imaging transducer). Adjust the running angle so that
the transducer is parallel to the water, and submerged in the
water, so that the beams point straight down during
operation.
Leveling the Mounting
Assembly Horizontally
Level
Level
7. Continue to adjust until the bracket is also
level from port to starboard (horizontally level
as you look at the transducer from behind the
boat [Figure 24]).
8. Mark the correct position on the transom by
tracing the silhouette of the transducer
mounting bracket with a pencil or marker.
Figure 24
6:25 PM
9. Tighten the pivot bolt, using the pivot screw
and nut to lock the assembly. Hand tighten
only!
The
poin
tran
com
1.
C
i
t
e
a
1
C
w
d
c
N
t
c
2a
CAUTION! Do not use a high speed driver on this
combination of fasteners. Hand tighten only.
10.Hand-tighten the two mounting screws.
NOTE: You will drill the third mounting hole and finalize the installation after you
route the cable and test and finish the installation in the following procedures.
Transom Transducer Installation
16
2b
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
y,
he
of
he
ral
st
he
uld
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at
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ng
so
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w
en
is
6/5/14
4. Route the Cable
The transducer cable has a low profile connector, which must be routed to the
point where the control head is mounted. There are several ways to route the
transducer cable to the area where the control head is installed. The most
common procedure routes the cable through the transom into the boat.
NOTE: Your boat may have a pre-existing wiring channel or conduit that you can use for
the transducer cable.
1. Unplug the other end of the transducer cable from the control head. (The
transducer cable was connected in the earlier section Attach the Cables
to the Control Head). Make sure that the cable is long enough to
accommodate the planned route by running the cable over the transom.
CAUTION! Do NOT cut or shorten the transducer cable, and try not to damage the cable
insulation. Route the cable as far as possible from any VHF radio antenna cables or
tachometer cables to reduce the possibility of interference. If the cable is too short,
extension cables are available to extend the transducer cable up to a total of 50'. For
assistance, contact Humminbird Customer Service at humminbird.com or call
1-800-633-1468 for more information.
CAUTION! Do NOT mount the cables where the connectors could be submerged in
water or flooded. If cables are installed in a splash-prone area, it may be helpful to apply
dielectric grease to the inside of the connectors to prevent corrosion. Dielectric grease
can be purchased separately from a general hardware or automotive store
NOTE: Allow enough slack in the cable for slight movement at the pivot point. It is best
to route the cable to the side of the transducer so the transducer will not damage the
cable during movement.
2a. If you are routing the cable over the transom of the boat, secure the
cable by attaching the cable clamp to the transom, drilling 9/64"
(3.6 mm) diameter holes for the #8 x 5/8" (16 mm) wood screws, then
skip directly to step 5 to connect the cable.
or...
2b. If you will be routing the cable through a hole in the transom, drill
a 5/8" (16 mm) diameter hole above the waterline. Route the cable
through this hole, then fill the hole with marine-grade silicone sealant
and proceed to the next step immediately.
17
Transom Transducer Installation
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Routing the Cable
6/5/14
3. Place the escutcheon plate over the cable
hole and use it as a guide to mark the two
escutcheon plate mounting holes. Remove
the plate, drill two 9/64" diameter x 5/8" deep
(3.5 mm diameter x 16 mm deep) holes, and
then fill both holes with marine-grade silicone
sealant. Place the escutcheon plate over the
cable hole and attach with two #8 x 5/8"
(16 mm) wood screws. Hand tighten only!
4. Route and secure the cable by attaching the
cable clamp to the transom. Drill one 9/64"
diameter x 5/8" deep (3.5 mm diameter x 16
mm deep) hole, then fill the hole with marinegrade silicone sealant, then attach the cable
clamp using a #8 x 5/8" (16 mm) screw. Hand
tighten only!
Figure 25
Storing Excess Cable
Figure 26
NOTE: If there is excess cable that needs to be
gathered at one location (as shown in the illustration),
dress the cable routed from both directions so that a
single loop is left extending from the storage location.
Doubling the cable up from this point, form the cable
into a coil. Storing excess cable using this method can
reduce electronic interference (Figure 26).
5. Plug the cable connector back into the control
head. The ports are keyed to prevent reversed
installation, so be careful not to force the
connector into the port.
6:25 PM
5. T
Once
have
trans
1.
2.
3.
N
4.
N
h
5.
Your control head is now ready for operation.
N
s
b
If yo
the t
Transom Transducer Installation
18
le
wo
ve
ep
nd
ne
he
8"
he
4"
6
ele
nd
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
5. Test and Finish the Installation
Once you have installed both the control head and the transom transducer, and
have routed all the cables, you must perform a final test before locking the
transducer in place. Testing should be performed with the boat in the water.
1. Press POWER once to turn on the control head. If the unit does not
power up, make sure that the connector is fully plugged into the
terminal slot and that power is available.
2. If all connections are correct and power is available, the control head
will enter Normal operation.
3. If the bottom is visible on-screen with a digital depth readout, the unit
is working properly. Make sure that the boat is in water greater than
2' but less than the depth capability of the unit, and that the
transducer is fully submerged, since the sonar signal cannot pass
through air.
NOTE: The transducer must be submerged in water for reliable transducer detection.
e
a
e
n
ol
ed
he
n.
4. If the unit is working properly, gradually increase the boat speed to
test high-speed performance. If the unit functions well at low speeds,
but begins to skip or miss the bottom at higher speeds, the transducer
requires adjustment.
NOTE: Down Imaging provides the maximum detail at slower boat speeds, however
high-speed performance is available in the Down Imaging and traditional sonar views.
5. If you have the correct angle set on the transducer, yet lose a bottom
reading at high speed, adjust the height and the running angle in
small increments to determine the ideal transducer position for your
boat. First, adjust the height in small increments (Figure 23).
NOTE: The deeper the transducer is in the water, the more likely that a rooster tail of
spray will be generated at high speeds, so make sure the transducer is as high as it can
be and still submerged in the water.
If you are still not getting good high speed readings, you may need to disassemble
the transducer mounting assembly and re-position the ratchets (Figures 18a - 18d).
19
Transom Transducer Installation
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
If you do change the transducer position, re-trace the position of the mounting
bracket before proceeding.
NOTE: It is often necessary to make several incremental transducer adjustments before
optimum high speed performance is achieved. Due to the wide variety of boat hulls,
however, it is not always possible to obtain high speed depth readings.
6:25 PM
Po
It is
orde
main
6. Once you have reached a consistently good sonar signal at the desired
speeds, you are ready to lock down the transducer settings. Remove
the transducer from the bracket (after noting where the ratchets are
assembled), then re-align the mounting bracket against the transom of
the boat to match the traced silhouette. Check the bracket position
with the level again to make sure it is still level, then mark the third
mounting hole using a pencil or marker. Unscrew and remove the
mounting screws and the transducer bracket and set aside.
7. Drill the third mounting hole, using a 5/32" (4 mm) drill bit. Use a
marine-grade silicone sealant to fill all three drilled mounting holes,
especially if the holes penetrated the transom wall.
NOTE: On fiberglass hulls, it is best to use progressively larger drill bits to reduce the
chance of chipping or flaking the outer coating.
Fully Tighten All Three
Mounting Screws
Figure 27
Transom Transducer Installation
8. Re-position the transducer bracket against
the transom of the boat, then hand-install all
three screws. Make sure that the transducer
location has not changed, then fully tighten
all three mounting screws (Figure 27). Hand
tighten only! Re-install the transducer to the
mounting bracket, making sure to assemble
the ratchets in the same location they had
before. (See Figures 18a - 18d and Figure 21 22). If you have performed the preceding
procedures correctly, the transducer should
be level and at the right height for optimal
operation.
20
Whe
port
boat
Sup
will
cord
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
nting
Portable Case Assembly
e
It is important to perform the PiranhaMAX portable case assembly tasks in
order, referring to the step-by-step procedures that represent the following
main assembly tasks:
ed
ve
re
of
n
rd
he
a
s,
e
st
all
er
en
nd
• Assembling the PiranhaMAX mount
• Assembling the base and handle
• Assembling the control head to the base and handle
• Routing the cables in the base
• Assembling the portable case
• Charging and installing the battery
• Assembling the transducer mounting bracket
• Stowing the portable transducer and battery charger into the
portable case.
When you are done, the control head and the transducer will be part of the
portable case assembly, and you will be ready to take your portable case to the
boat for final setup.
Supplies: In addition to the hardware supplied with your installation kit, you
will need a hammer, Phillips screwdriver, socket wrench, and a rope or bungee
cord.
he
le
ad
ng
d
al
21
Portable Case Assembly
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
1. Assemble the Control Head Base
2. A
Your control head base will have a tilt and swivel mount. See the instructions
below to assemble and mount the control head base.
In th
base
Assemble the Tilt and Swivel Mount
Tilt and Swivel Mount
Control Head Base Assembly
1. Insert the mount arms into the base.
Then, hold the mount arms in place
as you turn the base upside down.
Mount Arms
Base
2. Insert the swivel ring into the base,
with the countersink holes for the
arm screws facing out.
3. Secure the mount arms with the
four #6 screws provided (Figure 28).
Hand tighten only!
Swivel
Ring
Figure
Countersink
Side Out
Arm Screws,
(4) #6 x 7/16"
Figure 28
Portable Case Assembly
22
ions
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
2. Assemble the Base and Handle
In this procedure, you will install the PiranhaMAX mount and handle to the
base of the portable case.
Punching Holes
e.
ce
e,
he
1. Turn the base upside down. Punch
out the mounting holes labeled “C”
with a hammer and a screwdriver (or
an awl) as shown in the illustration
Punching Holes.
2. Turn the base right side up. Line up
the PiranhaMAX mount with the
holes you punched out in step 1.
he
8).
3. Using a socket wrench and a Phillips
screwdriver, secure the PiranhaMAX
mount to the base with the four
included 3/4" (19 mm) screws, lock
washers, and nuts. Hand tighten only!
Figure 29
Attaching the Mount to the Base
PiranhaMAX Tilt
and Swivel Mount
Base
Figure 30
23
Portable Case Assembly
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
4. Install the handle onto the base, so that the curved part of the handle
faces towards the back of the base, towards the battery well. Use the
four included #8-32 x 7/16" (11 mm) screws, two on each side, to
attach the handle to the base (see the illustrations Installing the
Handle onto the Base and Sliding in the Handle). Hand tighten only!
Sliding in the Handle
Installing the Handle onto the Base
Figure 31
4. R
NOTE: The handle is keyed so that it only fits onto the base in one direction.
3. Attach the Control Head to the Base and Handle
In this procedure you will install the control head onto the base assembly.
1. Insert the thumbknob bolt through the pivot knuckle on the control
head.
2. Align the pivot knuckle with the mount arms and slide it into place,
twisting slightly if necessary, until the unit is firmly seated.
3. Rotate the control head to the preferred angle and hand tighten the
thumbknob bolt.
4. Thread the gimbal knob onto the pivot bolt and tighten.
Portable Case Assembly
24
In th
and
und
dow
the
proc
1.
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
le
he
to
he
y!
ol
e,
he
6/5/14
Attaching the Control Head to the Base and Handle
Pivot
Knuckle
Gimbal
Knob
Gimbal
Knob
Thumbknob
Bolt
Rear View
Front View
Figure 32
4. Route the Cables
In this procedure, you will route the power
and transducer jumper cables on the
underside of the base, and attach the tiedown straps that will be used to secure
the battery to the base in a later
procedure.
1. Turn the base upside down, then
thread the two included hook and
loop battery tie-down straps from
the bottom of the base up through
each side of the battery well, using
the strap holes (see the illustration
Attaching the Battery Tie-Down
Straps).
25
Attaching the Battery Tie-Down Straps
Battery
tie-down straps
Figure 33
Portable Case Assembly
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
2. Route the power cable from the mount
DOWN through the center hole of the
base. Route the transducer jump cable UP
through the base and mount. (Figure 34)
6/5/14
Pulling the Cables Through the Base
3. Connect the cables to the control head.
The slots for the plugs are keyed to prevent
reverse installation, and insertion should
be easy. Do not to force the connectors
into the control head. (Figure 35)
4. Pull the power cable through the opening
in the long side of the cable well and
insert it into the battery well (see the
illustration Installing the Cables onto the
Base).
6:25 PM
6.
7.
Figure 34
Connecting the Cables to the Control Head
5. Route the transducer jumper cable (see the
illustration Installing the Cables onto the
Base) out the long side of the cable well
and follow the arrows on the base.
Installing the Cables onto the Base
Screws
Transducer
Jumper
Cable
Figure 35
Jumper Cable Well
Figure 36
Portable Case Assembly
Power Cable
26
8.
N
t
C
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
se
6/5/14
6. Fit the transducer jumper cable connector down into the jumper cable
well and snap it into place. Insert the two #6-32 x 1/4" (6 mm) screws
included to secure the transducer jumper connector and tighten it
using a Phillips screwdriver. Hand tighten only!
7. Secure all cables to the base, using the included zip ties, at the mount
points shown in the illustration (see the illustration Tying Down the
Cables).
Tying Down the Cables
Zip Tie
Mounting
Point
Transducer
Jumper Cable
Head
Power Cable
Figure 37
8. Turn the base right side up and pull up gently on the battery tie-down
straps to remove the slack.
NOTE: You will need to perform more assembly procedures, as well as charge
the battery for 8 hours, before you install the battery into the portable case. See
Charge and Install the Battery for more information.
27
Portable Case Assembly
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
5. Assemble the Portable Case
6:25 PM
2.
In this procedure, you will install the base assembly into the portable case.
1. Unzip the largest opening on the front of the portable case.
2. Insert the base assembly into the portable case, so that the
PiranhaMAX control head is facing out of the case. For best results,
pull the case over one shoulder of the handle at a time.
3. Adjust the case so that you can easily grab the handle, through the
fabric handhold inset, from the outside top of the portable case.
Installing the Base into the Case
Pulling the Case over the Handle
Holding the Portable Case
3.
Figure 38
6. Charge and Install the Battery
In this procedure you will charge the battery. Once it is charged, you can install
it and secure it.
1. Charge the battery, using the included battery charger, until it is fully
charged as indicated by the LED on the charger. Charging usually
requires 8 continuous hours but may vary depending on your
configuration.
NOTE: Some international models may not include a battery or battery charger.
WARNING! Do NOT use the Humminbird charger with other manufacturers’ batteries.
The Humminbird charger is only compatible with Humminbird batteries.
Portable Case Assembly
28
4.
e.
he
s,
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
2. Open the bottom back zipper on the portable case, and install the
battery in the battery well. While holding the tie-down straps out of
the way, make sure the power cable is fitted snugly into the slot in the
well so the battery does not rest on it (see the illustration Installing the
Battery).
Installing the Battery
Tying Down the Battery
he
Figure 39
3. Pull the two battery tie-down straps over the top of the battery and
connect both ends of each strap over the top, making sure that the
straps are pulled tight around the battery and that the battery is
seated securely in the battery well.
4. Zip up the back opening.
stall
NOTE: Do NOT connect the power cable to the battery at this time. You should wait
until just before fishing to connect the power cable to the battery.
ly
ly
ur
29
Portable Case Assembly
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
7. Assemble the Transducer Mounting Bracket
In this procedure you will assemble the portable transducer mounting bracket.
1. Line up the two ratchet pieces at position 1 so that the beads are
aligned with the rib on the transducer. See the illustrations.
Ratchets Placed in Position 1
Transducer Knuckle Positions
Beads
Knuckle
Ratchet
Rib at
position 1
Figure 40
2. Assemble the other transducer parts as shown (see the illustration
Assembling the Portable Bracket below). Hand tighten only!
Assembling the Portable Bracket (XNT 9 28 T)
Suction Cup
N
t
d
w
t
Portable
Transducer
Assembly
Phillips
Head Screw
Washer
Wing Nut
Bolt
8. S
i
Ratchet
1.
Figure 41
2.
3.
Portable Transducer Assembly
30
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
Assembling the Portable Bracket (XNT 9 DI T)
cket.
Suction Cup
Portable
Transducer
Assembly
re
Phillips
Head Screw
Washer
Bolt
Wing Nut
Ratchet
Figure 41
n
NOTE: If you are unable to ratchet the transducer so
that it rests below the water and points straight
down, you can disassemble it and align the beads
with a different number until you reach a position
that allows the proper alignment.
Ratchets Placed in Position 2
Bead
Rib
Ratchet
Figure 42
8. Stow the Portable Transducer and Battery Charger
into the Portable Case
1. Load the portable transducer into the carrying compartment (upper
zipper opening on the back of the portable case) and close the zipper.
2. Turn the portable case around so that you can access the front, and
load the battery charger into the zip pocket on the left as you face the
front of the portable case.
3. Make sure all the zippers are closed.
31
Portable Transducer Assembly
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
Installing the Portable Case on the Boat
6:25 PM
3.
Since the portable case has a large non-skid mounting surface, it may be
attached to almost any surface.
In this section, you will route the cables on the boat, connect the transducer
and power cables to the portable case, and attach the portable case to a dry
and convenient location on your boat.
1. Connect the Transducer and Power Cables to the Portable Case
1. Make sure the large opening in the front of the portable case is
unzipped. You may want to roll up the flap and secure it with the
provided strap and clip while you’re working.
2. Plug the transducer cable into the jumper port to the left of the control
head, as you face the front of the bag (see the illustration Plugging in
the Transducer).
4.
Plugging in the Transducer
2. A
1.
N
b
t
Installing the Portable Case on the Boat
32
y be
ucer
dry
ase
is
he
ol
in
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
3. Turn the portable case around so
that you can access the back, and
open the back zipper. Connect the
spade clip on the red wire of the
power cable to the red terminal on the
battery, and the spade clip on the
black wire of the power cable to the
black terminal on the battery. Make
sure that the spade clips are snugly
attached to the terminals (see the
illustration Connecting the Spade
Clips).
4. Make sure the back battery door and
side pockets are zipped, but leave the
front of the bag unzipped for easy
access during installation.
6/5/14
Connecting the Spade Clips
Figure 43
2. Attach the Portable Case to the Boat
1. Attach the portable case to a surface on the boat by threading rope or
bungee cord (not provided) through the D-rings on either side of the
portable case.
NOTE: Humminbird recommends that you do NOT position the portable case on the
bottom of the boat, or in a location where it can be splashed or immersed in water, as
the portable case is water resistant, but not waterproof.
33
Installing the Portable Case on the Boat
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
Mounting the Portable Transducer
6:25 PM
1.
Once your Portable fishfinder is fully assembled (see the Portable Case
Assembly section for more information), it takes just a few easy steps before
you are ready to fish:
• Test the transducer prior to installation
• Mount the portable transducer on the boat
1. Test the Transducer Prior to Installation
Prior to installation, test the transducer to make sure that no damage occurred
during shipping.
1. Hold the transducer in the water over the side of the boat to confirm
proper operation. Power on the control head and select a Sonar View.
If the transducer is working properly, you should be able to see the
bottom on the control head display.
2.
2. Mount the Portable Transducer on the Boat
3.
Perform the procedures in this section to install the transducer on your boat.
4.
WARNING! The suction cup mount is designed for quick, easy installation and removal,
NOT for high speed operation. If you intend to operate your boat at any speed faster than
trolling speeds, remove the suction cup transducer from the water.
Your portable transducer is designed to be installed and adjusted without the
use of tools. Mounting the transducer to the boat is a simple yet important
operation. A poor mounting location will affect the overall performance of the
Humminbird unit, so follow the mounting instructions carefully.
It is important that the mounting position allows the transducer to rest beneath
the surface of the water, pointing straight down. You can mount the transducer
anywhere on the side of the boat if your boat remains stationary.
NOTE: If you are trolling, it is best to mount the transducer on the transom of the boat.
Mounting the Portable Transducer
34
5.
Case
fore
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
1. Mount the transducer so that it points straight down and so that the
transducer itself is submerged in the water (see the illustration
Portable Transducer Mount).
Transducer Running Angle
Portable Transducer Mount
rred
m
w.
he
at.
the
tant
the
eath
ucer
Figure 44
2. Adjust the running angle so that the transducer is parallel to and below
the surface of the water (see the illustration Transducer Running Angle).
3. Hand-tighten the wing nut so that the transducer will not rotate.
4. Secure the transducer cable in case
of accidental release when the boat
is moving, since a loose transducer
can cause damage to itself, your
boat, or become tangled in the
propeller. Attach the tie-down strap
to the transducer cable around an
immovable object such as a rail or
fitting, (see the illustration
Transducer Tie-Down Strap).
Transducer Tie-Down Strap
Figure 45
5. When you have finished using the transducer, unplug the transducer
cable from the transducer jumper port on the base, then coil the cable
around the assembly.
35
Mounting the Portable Transducer
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
Moving the Portable Fishfinder
Pir
You should take the portable case with you when you leave the boat and will
not be using it. Perform the following steps to make your unit mobile:
The
keep
1. With the boat engine off, loosen all cable retainers/clips holding the
transducer.
The
tran
and
time
only
exac
disp
2. Remove the case from the surface mount.
3. Remove the transducer from the surface where it has been mounted,
wipe it dry, and stow it in the portable case rear pocket.
4. Unplug the power cable when not in use.
The
rece
actio
affe
Moving the Portable Fishfinder
36
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
will
he
d,
The PiranhaMAX automatically determines depth and makes adjustments to
keep the bottom and fish visible on the display.
The PiranhaMAX uses sonar technology to send sound waves from the
transducer into the water. The returned “echoes” are plotted on the display
and represent something that was detected by a sonar return at a particular
time. As both the boat and the targets (fish) may be moving, the returns are
only showing a particular segment of time when objects were detected, not
exactly where those objects are in relation to other objects shown on the
display.
The returned sonar echoes are displayed on the screen. As a new echo is
received, the historical data scrolls left across the view. Boat speed, wave
action, bottom hardness, water conditions, and transducer installation can all
affect depth capability.
37
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
Dual Beam Sonar
Dow
The PiranhaMAX 197c and 197c DI use a 200/455 kHz dual beam sonar
system with a 28° area of coverage. Dual Beam sonar is optimized to show the
greatest bottom definition using a narrow (16°) beam yet can still indicate fish
found in the wide (28°) beam when the Fish ID+ feature is turned on.
In ad
sona
75°b
Sonar View
Weak Returns
(possibly vegetation
or small fish)
Strong Returns
(possibly rocks,
tree limbs, or
other structure)
Strong Return
(possibly compacted
sediment or rocks)
Sonar History: Historical returns
scroll left across the view.
As the boat moves, the unit charts the changes in depth on the display to
create a profile of the Bottom Contour. The Sonar View displays the sonar
return intensity with a range of colors, where red indicates a strong return,
yellow indicates a medium return, and blue indicates a weak return.
Strong returns often result from rocky or hard bottoms (compacted sediment,
rocks, fallen trees), while weaker returns often result from soft bottoms (sand,
mud), vegetation, and small fish.
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
38
Use
boat
•
•
•
•
onar
w the
fish
ion
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Down Imaging Sonar
6/6/14
(197c DI only)
In addition to Dual Beam sonar, the PiranhaMAX 197c DI also uses Down Imaging
sonar technology. The Down Imaging transducer scans the water with a razor-thin
74° beam (455 kHz) that is wide (side to side) and very thin (front to back).
Down Imaging View
White Streaks
or Clouds
Bottom Return
Light Shades
(Strong Returns)
Dark Shades
(Weak Returns)
ted
s)
y to
onar
urn,
ent,
and,
Sonar History: Historical returns
scroll left across the view.
Use the light and dark parts of the display to interpret the objects under your
boat as follows:
• Dark shades represent soft returns (mud, sand) or descending terrain.
• Light shades represent denser terrain (timber, rocks) or rising terrain.
A very hard bottom may appear as white on the display.
• White Streaks or Clouds may represent fish or vegetation on the display.
• Shadows are not caused by light but by the lack of a sonar return. Objects
standing on the bottom cause a sonar shadow to appear on the display.
The longer the shadow, the taller the object. Fish may also cast shadows.
39
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
2:03 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
Powering ON and OFF
The
Use the following instructions to turn on your PiranhaMAX unit:
Your
spec
Power on and Start Operation
1. Power On: Press and hold the POWER/MENU
key until the PiranhaMAX powers on, then
release the key.
2. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select
Normal.
3. Press the CHECK/ENTER key.
NOTE: See The PiranhaMAX Control Head and Using the
Menu System for more information.
Notes about Starting Operation
• A transducer must be connected to the control head to enable Normal
mode.
• International units powered on for the first time will first display Setup
menu options such as Language, Units - Distance, Units - Speed, etc.
for initial system setup (see Setting up the Control Head).
• If Simulator Mode is selected from the Start-up Menu and a transducer
is plugged in, some menu setting changes will be saved in memory
even after the unit is powered down. Menu setting changes will not be
saved when a transducer is not connected.
Power Off
1. Power Off: Press and hold the POWER/MENU key until the unit
powers off.
Powering On and Off
40
P
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
The PiranhaMAX Control Head
Your PiranhaMAX unit interface is easy to use. A combination of keys and
special features allows you to control what you see on the display.
Display
al
up
c.
POWER/MENU
Key
er
ry
be
CHECK/ENTER
Key
UP and DOWN
Arrow Keys
it
41
The Control Head
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
POWER/MENU Key
The POWER/MENU key is used to power the PiranhaMAX on and
off. It is also used to open and close the menu system.
• Menus: Press the POWER/MENU key in any view to open the X-Press
Menu for that view. Each X-Press Menu provides frequently-used menu
settings that correspond with the current view.
•
• Menu Settings: Press the POWER/MENU key to confirm a menu setting.
The changes will be activated and saved immediately.
•
• Close/Exit: Press the POWER/MENU key to close a menu or return to
the previous submenu in the menu system.
NOTE: See Using the Menu System for more information.
NOTE: Each time the POWER/MENU key is pressed, the backlight momentarily
illuminates for easy viewing at night. Adjust the LIGHT menu setting to keep the
backlight on (see X-Press Menu: Light).
UP and DOWN Arrow Keys
The UP and DOWN Arrow Keys have multiple functions,
which depend on the view, menu, or situation.
• Menu Selection: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow keys to
select a menu option.
• Menu Settings: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow keys to
adjust a menu setting in an active menu.
• Sensitivity: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow keys to
adjust the Sensitivity in Sonar View and Down Imaging
View.
The Control Head
42
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
CHECK/ENTER Key
and
ss
u
g.
The CHECK/ENTER Key has multiple functions, which depend on
the view, menu, or situation.
• Menu Activation: Press the CHECK/ENTER key after selecting a menu
option to activate the menu or open a submenu.
NOTE: See Using the Menu System for more information.
• Menu Settings: Press the CHECK/ENTER key to confirm a menu
setting. The changes will be activated and saved immediately.
to
ons,
to
to
to
ng
43
The Control Head
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
Using the Menu System
Review the instructions below to understand how to use the menu system.
1. Open the Menu System
Press the POWER/MENU key.
Adju
Arro
2. Select a Menu Option
Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select a menu option.
NOTE: Available menu options are determined by the on-screen
view. See Changing the On-Screen View for more information.
Con
sele
afte
The menu name will be highlighted, indicating the menu
is active, but the menu option is inactive.
Ope
open
Inactive Menu Option
When the menu option
is gray, the menu
option is inactive.
Using the Menu System
44
When the menu name
is white, the menu
is currently selected.
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
m.
6/5/14
3. Activate a Menu Option and Adjust Settings
Activate a Menu Option: Press the CHECK/ENTER key to
activate the selected menu option.
The menu option will be highlighted, indicating the menu
option is active and changes can be made to the menu
setting.
Active Menu Option
When the menu option
is white, the menu
option is active.
When the menu name
is gray, the menu is
currently inactive.
Adjust a Menu Setting: After a menu is selected, press the UP or DOWN
Arrow keys to adjust the menu setting.
tion.
n
enu
name
nu
ted.
Confirm: Press the CHECK/ENTER key or the POWER/MENU key to confirm the
selection. Menu settings are saved and removed from the screen automatically
after several seconds.
Open a Submenu: Press the CHECK/ENTER key to open a submenu. From the
opened submenu, repeat steps 2 and 3 to make a menu selection.
4. Close a Menu
Press the POWER/MENU key until the menu system is
closed.
In Normal operating mode, most menu settings will be saved when the
unit is turned off. Some menu settings, such as Light, Depth Range, and
Zoom will return to their default settings after the unit is powered off. In
Simulator mode, menu setting changes will not be saved if a transducer is
not connected.
45
Using the Menu System
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
Setting up the Control Head (Setup Menu)
Use the Setup Menu to customize the settings of your PiranhaMAX unit.
Down Imaging View Settings: If you have a Down Imaging model, set
the Contrast and Palette for the Down Imaging Display.
Con
defi
Sonar View Settings: Set how fish are displayed on-screen (Fish ID+)
and the Bottom View.
Control Head Settings: Set the units of measurement, language
(international units only), and more.
Alarms: See the Setting Alarms section for information.
Pale
Dow
Open the Setup Menu
1. Press the POWER/MENU key.
2. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select SETUP, and press the
CHECK/ENTER key.
Open the Units Submenu
1. Press the POWER/MENU key.
Fish
disp
sym
with
retu
2. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select SETUP, and press the
CHECK/ENTER key.
3. Select UNITS, and press the CHECK/ENTER key.
Menu options are determined by your Humminbird model and the selected
view. See the following pages for menu descriptions. Also, see Using the
Menu System and Changing the On-Screen View for more information.
Setting up the Control Head
46
Whe
beam
repr
fish
et
+)
ge
he
he
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Contrast
6/5/14
(Down Imaging View only)
Settings: 1 to 10; Default = 5, Setting Saved in Memory
Contrast accents the light and dark parts of the sonar data to provide greater
definition.
Palette
(Down Imaging View only)
Settings: Amber1, Amber2, Blue, Brown; Default = Amber 1,
Setting Saved in Memory
Palette allows you to select which color palette you would like to use for the
Down Imaging view.
Fish ID+
(Sonar View only)
Settings: On, Off; Default = On, Setting Saved in Memory
Fish ID+ uses advanced signal processing to interpret sonar returns and will
display a Fish Symbol when very selective requirements are met. To turn on fish
symbols, select On. A select number of possible fish returns will be displayed
with their associated depth. To turn off fish symbols so that only raw sonar
returns are displayed on the view, select Off.
200/455 kHz
Fish ID+ On
Raw Sonar,
Fish ID+ Off
When Fish ID+ is turned on, returns from the 200 kHz beam and the 455 kHz
beam are shown with shaded fish symbols. Three different fish size icons
represent the intensity of the sonar return and provide an indicator of relative
fish size.
47
Setting up the Control Head
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Bottom View
6/5/14
6:25 PM
(Sonar View only)
Settings: Structure ID, WhiteLine; Default = Structure ID,
Setting Saved in Memory
Bottom View selects the method used to represent the bottom and structure
on the display.
Structure ID represents weak returns as light pixels and
strong returns as dark pixels. This has the benefit of
ensuring that strong returns will be clearly visible on the
display.
WhiteLine highlights the strongest sonar returns in
white resulting in a distinctive outline. This has the
benefit of clearly defining the bottom on the display.
Use
Rese
Lang
Unit
read
Unit
Setting up the Control Head
48
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
only)
ID,
ture
6/5/14
Reset
Settings: Select CONFIRM and press the CHECK/ENTER key to
activate.
Use this menu choice with caution!
Reset restores ALL menu settings to their factory defaults.
and
t of
the
s in
the
Language
(International Models only)
Settings Vary; Default = English, Setting Saved in Memory
Language selects the display language for menus.
Units - Temperature
(International Models only, Units submenu)
Settings: ˚C (Celsius), ˚F (Fahrenheit); Default = ˚C (Celsius),
Setting Saved in Memory
Units - Temperature selects the units of measure for all temperature-related
readouts.
Units - Depth
(International Models only, Units submenu)
Settings: Feet, Meters, Fathoms; Default = Meters, Setting
Saved in Memory
Units - Depth selects the units of measure for all depth-related readouts.
49
Setting up the Control Head
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
Setting Alarms
A
Alarms are based on the limits you set for a device, such as battery voltage,
depth, and more. Set the alarms that apply to your PiranhaMAX installation
and configuration.
Set an Alarm
1. Press the POWER/MENU key.
2. Select SETUP and press the CHECK/ENTER key.
3. Select ALARMS and press the CHECK/ENTER key.
4. Select an alarm and press the CHECK/ENTER key to activate the menu.
5. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select an alarm setting.
6. Press the POWER/MENU key or the CHECK/ENTER key to confirm the
selection.
7. Close: Press the POWER/MENU key until the menu system is closed.
Turn off an Alarm
1. Open the Alarms Menu.
2. Select the Alarm.
3. Press the DOWN Arrow key until Off is selected.
Setting Alarms
6:25 PM
50
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
Alarm Name
Description
Mute
Mute controls the audible
sound made when an alarm is
triggered.
On, Off
Default = Off
Battery
Battery Alarm sounds when
the input battery voltage is
equal to or less than the menu
setting.
Off, 8.5V to 13.5V
Default = Off
Fish
Fish Alarm sounds when the
fishfinder detects fish that
correspond to the alarms
setting. Sonar View only.
Off, All, Large/Medium,
Large
Default = Off
Depth
Depth Alarm sounds when the
depth is equal to or less than
the alarm setting.
Off, 3 to 99 feet or 1 to
30 meters*
Default = Off
age,
tion
u.
he
.
Range
*International models only.
51
Setting Alarms
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
Changing the On-Screen View
Sta
The sonar information from your Fishfinder is displayed on the screen in a
variety of easy-to-read views. When you press the POWER/MENU key, you can
access the menu options for the on-screen view.
Stat
num
Display a View
1. Press the POWER/MENU key.
2. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select VIEW, and press the
CHECK/ENTER key.
3. Select a view, and press the CHECK/ENTER key.
Open the X-Press Menu
1. With a View displayed on-screen, press the POWER/MENU key once.
See Opening the X-Press Menu for more information.
Changing the On-Screen View
52
in a
can
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
Status View
Status View displays current data, including the unit model number, serial
number, and battery status.
Status View (197c DI)
he
e.
53
Views
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Down Imaging View
6/5/14
6:25 PM
(197c DI only)
Son
Down Imaging View uses the razor-thin profiling beams to produce the
detailed sonar data that you see on the display. See PiranhaMAX Sonar
Technology: Down Imaging Sonar and Opening the X-Press Menu for more
information.
Son
retu
rece
Pira
• Upper and Lower Depth Range numbers can adjust automatically or
you can adjust the depth range to focus the view on a particular depth.
•
• Sensitivity: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow keys to adjust the Sensitivity.
•
• Zoom: The Zoom Level, or magnification, will be displayed on the
screen. Use the Zoom menu option to adjust the zoom level.
•
• X-Press Menu: To access related Down Imaging and Setup menu
options, see Opening the X-Press Menu.
•
Down Imaging View
Upper Range
Depth
Temperature
Bottom Contour
Lower Range
Views
54
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
only)
Sonar View
the
onar
more
Sonar View presents a historical log of sonar returns. The most recent sonar
returns are charted on the right side of the display. As new information is
received, the historical information scrolls left across the display. See
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology: Dual Beam Sonar for more information.
or
h.
• Upper and Lower Depth Range numbers can adjust automatically or
you can adjust the depth range to focus the view on a particular depth.
y.
• Sensitivity: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow keys to adjust the Sensitivity.
he
• Zoom: The Zoom Level, or magnification, will be displayed on the
screen. Use the Zoom menu option to adjust the zoom level.
u
• X-Press Menu: To access related Sonar and Setup menu options, see
Opening the X-Press Menu.
Sonar View
Upper Range
Depth
Temperature
Bottom Contour
Fish ID+ (turned on)
Lower Range
55
Views
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
6:25 PM
Opening the X-Press Menu
The X-Press Menu provides menu options for the on-screen view.
Customize the Display: Set the range of data displayed on the view,
and adjust the sensitivity, zoom level, chart display speed, and more.
View
On-S
Open the Setup Menu: Set the Down Imaging View contrast and
palette, set the Sonar View filter and Fish ID+, or set the units of
measurement for the control head. See Setting up the Control Head for
details.
Set Alarms: Open the Alarms submenu to set alarms, such as Depth
and Fish ID. See the Setting Alarms section for information.
Dep
Open the X-Press Menu
1. Press the POWER/MENU key once.
To change a menu that is available with “Down Imaging View only” or
“Sonar View only,” display the view on-screen before you press the
POWER/MENU key. See Changing the On-Screen View for details.
Auto
the
Man
N
b
Sen
Incr
susp
clutt
sens
Dec
som
the
Opening the X-Press Menu
56
w,
nd
of
or
th
or
he
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
View
Settings: Sonar, Down Imaging (197c DI only), Status
View selects a view to be displayed on the screen. See Changing the
On-Screen View for more information.
Depth Range
Settings: Auto, 15 ft to 600 ft (Sonar View only),15 ft to 320 ft
(Down Imaging View only); International Models: 5 m to 184 m
(Sonar View only), 5 m to 98 m (Down Imaging View only);
Default = Auto (Sonar View), Manual 30 ft (Down Imaging
View)
Depth Range sets the deepest depth range that will be displayed by the unit.
Auto: When in automatic, the lower range will be adjusted by the unit to follow
the bottom.
Manual: You can adjust the Depth Range to lock the unit on a particular depth.
NOTE: In manual operation, if the depth is greater than the depth range setting, the
bottom will not be visible on the display. Select AUTO to return to automatic operation.
Sensitivity
Settings: 0 to 10; Default = 5, Setting Saved in Memory
Sensitivity controls how much detail is shown on the display.
Increasing the sensitivity shows more sonar returns from small baitfish and
suspended debris in the water; however, the display may become too
cluttered. When operating in very clear water or greater depths, increased
sensitivity shows weaker returns that may be of interest.
Decreasing the sensitivity eliminates the clutter from the display that is
sometimes present in murky or muddy water. If Sensitivity is adjusted too low,
the display may not show many sonar returns that could be fish.
57
X-Press Menu
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PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
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6:25 PM
Zoom
Settings: Off, Auto, Manual Ranges; Default = Off
Zoom provides a magnified view of the bottom and structure.
Auto: Select Auto to magnify the area around the bottom in order to reveal fish
and structure close to the bottom that may not be visible during normal
operation. When ZOOM is set to Auto, the upper and lower Depth Ranges are
automatically adjusted to keep the area above and below the bottom on the
display. Select Off to return to normal operation.
Manual: There is also a series of manual ranges which can be selected. The
manual depth ranges are determined by the present depth conditions.
Upper Zoom Range
Filte
sour
Ligh
nigh
N
P
Structure
Bea
the
Pira
Magnified Bottom
with More Detail
Lower Zoom Range
Chart Speed
Settings: 1 to 5, where 1 = Slow, 5 = Fast; Default = 5, Setting
Saved in Memory
Chart Speed determines the speed at which the sonar information moves
across the display, and consequently the amount of detail shown.
A faster speed shows more information and is preferred by most anglers;
however, the sonar information moves across the display quickly. A slower
speed keeps the information on the display longer, but the bottom and fish
details become compressed and may be difficult to interpret.
X-Press Menu
58
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Filter
6/5/14
(Sonar View only)
Settings: On, Off; Default = Off, Setting Saved in Memory
fish
rmal
s are
the
The
tting
oves
Filter adjusts the sonar filter to limit interference on the display from
sources such as your boat engine, turbulence, or other sonar devices.
Light
Settings: 0 to 5; Default = 0
Light adjusts the brightness of the display. Use a higher backlight setting for
night fishing.
NOTE: Continuous backlight operation will significantly decrease the battery life for
PiranhaMAX Portables.
Beam Select
(Sonar View only)
Settings: 200 kHz, 455 kHz; Default = 200 kHz
Beam Select sets which sonar returns from the transducer will be displayed on
the screen. The available beam frequencies are determined by your
PiranhaMAX model.
• When set to 200 kHz, only the returns from
the 200 kHz (28°) wide beam will be displayed
in the Sonar View.
16°
455kHz
• When set to 455 kHz, only the returns from
the 455 kHz (16°) narrow beam will be
displayed in the Sonar View.
28°
200kHz
28 Degree Total Coverage
lers;
wer
fish
59
X-Press Menu
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
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Maintenance
6:25 PM
N
Your Humminbird fishfinder is designed to provide years of trouble free
operation with very little maintenance. Use the following procedures to ensure
your Humminbird continues to deliver top performance.
•
Control Head Maintenance
It is important to consider the following precautions when using your
Humminbird control head:
Pir
• Chemicals, such as those found in bug spray and sunscreen, may
cause permanent damage to the control head screen. Such damage is
not covered by the warranty.
•
• NEVER leave the control head in a closed car or trunk. The high
temperatures generated in hot weather can damage the electronics.
•
Use the following information to keep the control head and screen clean.
• Screen: To clean the control head screen, use a mild soap (such as a
non-abrasive liquid hand soap) and warm water. Wipe the screen dry
with a soft cloth. Be careful to avoid scratching the screen. If water
spots remain, use a solution of water and vinegar.
WARNING! Do not use a chemical glass cleaner on the screen. Chemicals in
the solution may cause cracking in the lens of the unit.
NOTE: Do not wipe the screen while dirt or grease is on the screen.
• Control Head: If the control head comes into contact with salt spray,
wipe the affected surfaces with a cloth dampened with fresh water.
Transducer Maintenance
Use the following information to maintain the transducer operation.
• If your boat remains in the water for long periods of time, algae and
other marine growth can reduce the effectiveness of the transducer.
Periodically clean the face of the transducer with a mild, marine-safe
and plastic-safe soap or solution.
Maintenance
60
How
Ope
If ne
reco
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
NOTE: To clean the transducer, you may need to pivot the transducer up in the bracket.
free
sure
your
• If your boat remains out of the water for a long period of time, it may
take some time to wet the transducer when it is returned to the water.
Small air bubbles can climb to the surface of the transducer and
interfere with proper operation. These bubbles dissipate with time, or
you can wipe the face of the transducer with your fingers after the
transducer is in the water.
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Maintenance
ay
is
• If the portable case comes into contact with salt spray, wipe the
affected surfaces with a lint-free cloth, then apply a commercially
available anti-corrosive treatment to all exposed electrical contacts.
h
• If the portable case bag becomes dirty, clean the bag with mild soap,
water, and a soft rag or brush and then hang it up to dry.
a
ry
er
How to Remove Water from the Portable Case
Open the front zipper and pull the case down to allow water to exit the case.
If needed, remove the case from the plastic base and air-dry it. Follow the
recommended maintenance procedures for salt spray exposure if needed.
y,
nd
er.
fe
61
Maintenance
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
Troubleshooting
Do not attempt to repair the PiranhaMAX yourself. There are no user-serviceable parts
inside, and special tools and techniques are required for assembly to ensure the waterproof
integrity of the housing. Repairs should be performed only by authorized Humminbird
technicians.
Many requests for repair received by Humminbird involve units that do not actually need
repair. These units are returned “no problem found.” If you have a problem with your
PiranhaMAX, use the following troubleshooting guide before calling Humminbird
Customer Service or sending your unit in for repair.
1. Nothing happens when I turn on the unit.
Check the power cable connection at both ends. Be sure the cable is connected
correctly to a reliable power source — red lead to positive, black lead to negative or
ground. Ensure the power available is between 10 and 20 VDC. If the unit is wired
through a fuse panel, ensure the panel is powered. Often accessory fuse panels are
controlled by a separate switch or the ignition switch.
Also, often a fuse can appear to be good when it is not. Check the fuse with a tester or
replace it with a fuse known to be good.
Check the power connection to the PiranhaMAX. It is possible to force the power cable
connector into the cable holder incorrectly. If the connector is reversed, the unit will not
work. Examine the contacts on the back of the unit to ensure there is no corrosion.
m
th
th
te
id
th
4. W
di
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5. Th
Ch
ca
If
if
6. I g
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lo
7. M
2. There is no transducer detected.
The PiranhaMAX has the ability to detect and identify that a transducer
is connected. When powering on, if a message indicates “transducer not connected”,
make sure that an appropriate transducer connector is plugged into the unit. In addition,
inspect the transducer cable from end to end for breaks, kinks, or cuts in the outer
casing of the cable. Also make sure that the transducer is fully submerged in water. If
the transducer is connected to the unit through a switch, temporarily connect it directly
to the unit and try again. If none of these actions identifies an obvious problem, the
transducer itself is probably at fault. Be sure to include the transducer if returning the
unit for repair.
3. There is no bottom reading visible on the display.
If the loss of bottom information occurs only at high boat speeds, the transducer needs
adjusting – see your PiranhaMAX Installation Guide for details. Also, in very deep water,
it may be necessary to increase the sensitivity setting manually to maintain a graphic
depiction of the bottom. If you are using a transducer switch to connect two transducers
to the PiranhaMAX, make sure that the switch is in the correct position to connect a
transducer that is in the water. (If a trolling motor transducer is selected and the trolling
Troubleshooting
6:25 PM
62
Yo
ex
th
hi
8. Th
Ch
VD
9. Th
Yo
ca
go
in
th
th
ge
at
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
6/5/14
parts
proof
nbird
motor is out of the water, no sonar information appears.) If none of these actions solves
the problem, inspect the transducer cable from end to end for breaks, kinks, or cuts in
the outer casing of the cable. If the transducer is connected to the unit through a switch,
temporarily connect it directly to the unit and try again. If none of these actions
identifies an obvious problem, the transducer itself may be at fault. Be sure to include
the transducer if returning the unit for repair.
need
your
nbird
4. When in very shallow water, I get gaps in the bottom reading and inconsistent
digital depth indication.
ected
ve or
wired
s are
er or
cable
l not
.
ucer
ted”,
tion,
outer
er. If
ectly
, the
g the
eeds
water,
aphic
ucers
ect a
olling
The PiranhaMAX will work reliably in water 3 feet (90 cm) or deeper. Remember that the
depth is measured from the transducer, not from the surface of the water.
5. The unit comes on before I press the POWER-MENU key, and it won’t turn off.
Check the transducer cable — if the outer jacket of the cable has been cut and the
cable is in contact with bare metal, you will need to repair the cut with electrical tape.
If there is no problem with the cable, disconnect the transducer from the unit and see
if the problem is corrected, to confirm the source of the problem.
6. I get gaps in the reading at high speeds.
Your transducer needs adjusting. If the transducer is transom-mounted, there are two
adjustments available to you: height and running angle. Make small adjustments and
run the boat at high speeds to determine the effect. It may take several tries to optimize
high-speed operation. This can also be a result of air or turbulence in the transducer
location caused by rivets, ribs, etc.
7. My unit loses power at high speeds.
Your PiranhaMAX has over-voltage protection that turns the unit off when input voltage
exceeds 20 VDC. Some outboard motors do not effectively regulate the power output of
the engine’s alternator and can produce voltage in excess of 20 Volts when running at
high RPMs.
8. The display begins to fade out. Images are not as sharp as normal.
Check the input voltage. The PiranhaMAX will not operate on input voltages below 10
VDC.
9. The display shows many black dots at high speeds and high sensitivity settings.
You are seeing noise or interference caused by one of several sources. Noise can be
caused by electronic devices. Turn off any nearby electronics and see if the problem
goes away. Noise can also be caused by the engine. If engine noise is causing the
interference, the problem will intensify at higher RPMs. Increase the engine speed with
the boat stationary to isolate this cause. Propeller cavitation can also appear as noise on
the display. If the transducer is mounted too close to the propeller, the turbulence
generated can interfere with the sonar signal. Make sure that the transducer is mounted
at least 15" (380 mm) from the propeller.
63
Troubleshooting
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
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6:25 PM
PiranhaMAX 197c Specifications
Pir
Depth Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600 ft (183 m)
Dep
Power Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 Watts (RMS)
2400 Watts (PTP)
Pow
Operating Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 kHz and 455 kHz Dual Beam
Ope
Area of Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28° @ -10 dB in 200 kHz
16° @ -10 dB in 455 kHz
Area
Target Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1/2 Inches (63.5 mm)
Power Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 to 20 VDC
Targ
Current Draw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 mA
Pow
LCD Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320 V x 240 H
Curr
Transducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XNT-9-28-T (includes built-in temperature probe)
LCD
Transducer Cable Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ft (6 m)
Tran
NOTE: Product specifications and features are subject to change without notice.
NOTE: Humminbird verifies maximum stated depth in saltwater conditions, however
actual depth performance may vary due to transducer installation, water type, thermal
layers, bottom composition, and slope.
Tran
N
N
a
l
Specifications
64
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
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PiranhaMAX 197c DI Specifications
3 m)
MS)
PTP)
Depth Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Down Imaging Sonar: 320 ft (98 m)
Dual Beam Sonar: 600 ft (183 m)
Power Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 Watts (RMS)
2400 Watts (PTP)
eam
kHz
kHz
mm)
Operating Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Down Imaging Sonar: 455 kHz
Dual Beam Sonar: 200 kHz and 455 kHz
Area of Coverage . . . . . . . . . . Down Imaging Sonar: 74° @ -10 dB in 455 kHz
Dual Beam Sonar: 28° @ -10 dB in 200 kHz
16° @ -10 dB in 455 kHz
VDC
Target Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1/2 Inches (63.5 mm)
mA
Power Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 to 20 VDC
40 H
Current Draw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 mA
obe)
LCD Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320 V x 240 H
6 m)
Transducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XNT-9-DI-T (includes built-in temperature probe)
Transducer Cable Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ft (6 m)
r
l
NOTE: Product specifications and features are subject to change without notice.
NOTE: Humminbird verifies maximum stated depth in saltwater conditions, however
actual depth performance may vary due to transducer installation, water type, thermal
layers, bottom composition, and slope.
65
Specifications
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Environmental Compliance Statement: It is the intention of Johnson Outdoors Marine
Electronics, Inc. to be a responsible corporate citizen, operating in compliance with
known and applicable environmental regulations, and a good neighbor in the
communities where we make or sell our products.
WEEE Directive: EU Directive 2002/96/EC “Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Directive (WEEE)” impacts most distributors, sellers, and manufacturers of consumer
electronics in the European Union. The WEEE Directive requires the producer of
consumer electronics to take responsibility for the management of waste from their
products to achieve environmentally responsible disposal during the product life cycle.
WEEE compliance may not be required in your location for electrical & electronic
equipment (EEE), nor may it be required for EEE designed and intended as fixed or
temporary installation in transportation vehicles such as automobiles, aircraft, and boats.
In some European Union member states, these vehicles are considered outside of the
scope of the Directive, and EEE for those applications can be considered excluded from
the WEEE Directive requirement.
This symbol (WEEE wheelie bin) on product indicates the product must not be
disposed of with other household refuse. It must be disposed of and collected
for recycling and recovery of waste EEE. Johnson Outdoors Marine Electronics,
Inc. will mark all EEE products in accordance with the WEEE Directive. It is our
goal to comply in the collection, treatment, recovery, and environmentally sound disposal
of those products; however, these requirements do vary within European Union member
states. For more information about where you should dispose of your waste equipment
for recycling and recovery and/or your European Union member state requirements,
please contact your dealer or distributor from which your product was purchased.
Specifications
66
6/5/14
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No
e
h
e
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Notes
t
r
f
r
c
r
e
m
e
d
r
l
r
t
67
6/5/14
6:25 PM
PMAX 197c-197c_DI_Manual_532274-1EN_A.qxp:30895_Eng_531478
Contact Humminbird
Contact Humminbird Customer Service in any of the following ways:
Web site:
humminbird.com
E-mail:
service@humminbird.com
Telephone:
1-800-633-1468
Direct Shipping:
Humminbird
Service Department
678 Humminbird Lane
Eufaula, AL 36027 USA
Hours of Operation:
Monday - Friday
8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (Central Standard Time)
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6:25 PM
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