MicroNet SP916GL User`s manual

MicroNet SP916GL User`s manual
User’s Manual
Wireless Broadband Router
Model No.: SP916GL
http://www.micronet.info
Contents
1 OVERVIEW............................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 PACKAGE CONTENT ............................................................................................................................. 1
1.3 PRODUCT FEATURE ............................................................................................................................. 1
Router Mode..................................................................................................................................... 1
Standards.......................................................................................................................................... 2
Internet Access................................................................................................................................ 2
Security Features............................................................................................................................ 2
Wireless Features ........................................................................................................................... 2
Management Features ................................................................................................................... 2
1.4 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS .................................................................................................................... 2
1.5 APPLICATIONS ...................................................................................................................................... 3
2 GETTING STARTED............................................................................................................................... 3
2.1 THE FRONT LEDS ............................................................................................................................... 3
2.2 THE REAR PORTS ............................................................................................................................... 4
3 CONFIGURATION................................................................................................................................... 5
3.1 CONFIGURING WITH WEB BROWSER .................................................................................................. 5
3.2 CONFIGURING SYSTEM BASE PARAMETER ........................................................................................ 6
3.2.1 Host-Name Setting............................................................................................................... 6
3.2.2 System Time Setting ........................................................................................................... 6
3.2.3 Administrator Setting.......................................................................................................... 7
3.2.4 Firmware Upgrades Setting............................................................................................... 7
3.2.5 Configuration Tools............................................................................................................. 8
3.2.6 System Log............................................................................................................................ 8
3.2.7 System Reset ........................................................................................................................ 9
3.3 WAN CONFIGURATION SETTING ........................................................................................................ 9
3.3.1 Dynamic IP Address: ..........................................................................................................10
3.3.2 Static IP Address:................................................................................................................10
3.3.3 PPPoE: ...................................................................................................................................11
3.3.4 PPTP:......................................................................................................................................11
3.3.5 DNS:........................................................................................................................................12
3.3.6 DDNS:.....................................................................................................................................12
3.4 LAN CONFIGURATION SETTING.........................................................................................................13
3.4.1 LAN Configuration:.............................................................................................................13
3.4.2 DHCP Client List:.................................................................................................................14
3.4.3 UPnP configuration: ...........................................................................................................14
3.5 WIRELESS CONFIGURATION SETTING ...............................................................................................15
3.5.1 Wireless Setting: .................................................................................................................15
3.5.2 Wireless Security Setting: ................................................................................................16
3.5.3 WDS Configuration Setting: .............................................................................................17
3.6 NAT CONFIGURATION SETTING.........................................................................................................18
3.6.1 Virtual Server Setting:........................................................................................................18
3.6.2 Port Mapping Setting: ........................................................................................................19
3.6.3 DMZ Setting:.........................................................................................................................20
3.7 FIREWALL CONFIGURATION ...............................................................................................................20
3.7.1 Firewall Setting:...................................................................................................................20
3.7.2 Client Filtering: ....................................................................................................................21
3.7.3 MAC Control:........................................................................................................................21
3.8 ROUTE CONFIGURATION ....................................................................................................................22
3.8.1 Static Routing: .....................................................................................................................22
3.8.2 Dynamic Routing: ...............................................................................................................22
3.8.3 Routing Table:......................................................................................................................23
3.9 SYSTEM STATUS ................................................................................................................................23
4 GLOSSARY .............................................................................................................................................24
1
Overview
1.1
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing Micronet SP916GL Wireless Broadband Router
with 4-port Fast Ethernet Switch for cable and DSL application.
SP916GL is the perfect device to connect a small group of PCs to a
high-speed Broadband Internet connection or to an Ethernet backbone.
Configurable as a DHCP server, SP916GL acts as the only externally
recognized Internet device on your local area network (LAN). It could serve
as an Internet firewall, protecting your network from being accessed by
outside users. In addition, SP916GL supports 64-bit and optional 128-bit
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) and WPA/WPA2 (802.1x, TKIP, AES) to
protect your WLAN network.
SP916GL offers data rate up to 108Mbps, almost 10 times faster than the
widely deployed 802.11b products found in homes, businesses, and public
wireless hotspots around the country — but since they share the same
2.4GHz radio band, these devices can also work with existing 11Mbps
wireless devices.
This user guide is aimed at easy installation procedures of this device.
Before your installation, please read the following procedures carefully.
1.2 Package Content
Before you start installing the product, please verify the following items are in
the package:
Š
Micronet SP916GL Wireless Broadband Router
Š
Quick Installation Guide
Š
Manual CD
Š
One network cable (RJ-45 Category 3 or 5 UTP/STP)
Š
Power Adapter(9VDC above1.5A)
Š
External Antenna
1.3 Product Feature
Router Mode
‹
PPP over Ethernet (RFC-2516)
‹
DHCP Server and Client
‹
PPTP Client
‹
NAPT (Network Address and Port Translation)
‹
NAT (Network Address Translation)
‹
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol)
-1-
Standards
‹
EEE 802.3 10Base-T Ethernet
‹
IEEE 802-3u 100Base-TX Fast Ethernet
‹
IEEE 802.11b, 802.11g, Super-G
‹
WiFi compliance
Internet Access
‹
TCP/IP, UDP, ICMP, ARP, RARP, PPPoE, NAT, DHCP (client/server),
PPTP client, Static IP assignment
Security Features
‹
Password protected configuration access
‹
User authentication (PAP/CHAP) for PPP connection
Wireless Features
‹
‹
‹
‹
‹
Wireless Frequency Range: 2.400GHz to 2.500GHz
Wireless Spreading: DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum), CCK
OFDM, QPSK, BPSK
Wireless Transmit Power: +15 dBm
Wireless Security: Supports the Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) 64-bit
and optional 128-bit, WPA/WPA2 (802.1x, TKIP, AES)
Wireless Operating Range:
Open Space : 100-300m
Indoor : 35-100m
Management Features
‹
Plug & Play Installation
‹
Local & Remote Management
‹
Web-based configuration
‹
Firmware upgrades
‹
Alarm Status & Power Indicators
‹
Event & History log
1.4 System Requirements
Š
Windows 98, 98SE, Millennium Edition (ME), 2000 and XP operating systems
Š
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.5 or above
Š
DSL/ Cable Modem Broadband Internet connection and ISP account
Š
PCs equipped with 10Mbps or 10/100 Mbps Ethernet connection to support
TCP/IP protocol
-2-
Š
One RJ-45 Broadband Internet connection
Š
One PC with an installed 10Mbps, 100Mbps, or 10/100 Mbps Ethernet card
Š
TCP/IP network protocol for each PC
Š
UTP network cable with RJ-45 connector
1.5 Applications
Š
Device sharing and wireless multimedia file transfer
Š
Wide range wireless office
Š
Wireless building-to-building data communication
Š
Built-in infrastructure mode
Š
Difficult-to-wire environments
Š
Temporary LANs for scenarios such as trade-exhibitions and meetings
Š
Frequently changing environments
Š
Remote access to corporate network information
2
Getting Started
2.1
The Front LEDs
LEDs:
LED
Power
WLAN
LAN(1-4)
PPPoE
WAN
Description
Power is properly connected.
Lights on when the wireless works.
If the LED continuously illuminated, the Router is successfully
connected to a device through the corresponding port (1, 2, 3 or 4).
If the LED is flashing, the Router is actively sending or receiving data
over that port.
In dynamic or fixed IP mode, it indicates WAN Ethernet connection
speed.
In PPPoE mode, it indicates PPPoE connection status.
The WAN illuminates when the Router is powered on and flashes
when the Router is actively sending or receiving data over the WAN
network.
-3-
2.2
The Rear Ports
Connector
Description
Power
Plug in the power adapter to connect to the power outlet
Reset Switch
LAN (1-4)
Press until reboot will restore router to default settings..
For connecting to your networked devices, such as PCs, print
servers, remote hard drives, and anything else you want to put on
your network.
Forl connecting to your cable, DSL modem or Ethernet backbone.
WAN
-4-
3
Configuration
3.1
Configuring with Web Browser
In order to communicate with this Wireless Router, you have to configure the IP
addresses of your computer to be compatible with the device. It is advisable to
change the administrator password to safeguard your network.
Step1. To configure the router, open your browser, type 'http: //192.168.1.1' into
the address bar and click 'Go' to get to the login page. Save this address in your
Favorites for future reference.
Step2. At the Password prompt, type 'admin'. You can change these later if you
wish. Click 'LOGIN'.
Step3. Select “Quick Setup” for easier configuration to set up the Router.
-5-
3.2
Configuring System Base parameter
3.2.1 Host-Name Setting
Enter the “Host Name” representing your host and the “Domain Name“. If you
want to configure, then you can do web configuration by typing in the whole
name which you want to configure instead of typing the IP address.
3.2.2 System Time Setting
-6-
Connecting to a Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) server allows the
SP916GL to synchronize the system clock to the global Internet. The
synchronized clock is used to record the security log and control client filtering.
3.2.3 Administrator Setting
Set a password to restrict management access to the SP916GL. The default is
“admin“.
3.2.4 Firmware Upgrades Setting
The new firmware for SP916GL can improve functionality and performance.
-7-
Enter the path and name of the upgrade file then click the “Apply” button below.
You will be prompted to confirm the upgrade.
3.2.5 Configuration Tools
Selecting “Restore Factory Default Configuration” will force SP916GL to
return and restore the original factory settings. Selecting “Backup settings tool/
Restore Settings” will save the SP916GL current configuration to a file named
“conf.bak” on console PC. You could then use the tool to restore the saved
configuration of SP916GL.
3.2.6 System Log
-8-
The function provides you to view all attempts made to gain access to your
network. Click “Download” to save or open system log file. Clicking the
“Refresh” button allows you to view the current status. The “Clear” button will
clear all records saved in SP916GL.
3.2.7 System Reset
In the event that the SP916GL stops responding correctly or in some way stops
functioning, you can perform a reset. Your settings will not be changed. To
perform the reset, click on the "Reset" button below. You will be asked to
confirm your decision.
3.3
WAN Configuration Setting
-9-
SP916GL can be connected to your service provider in the following ways:
“Dynamic IP Address”, “Static IP Address”, “PPPoE”, “PPTP”, ”DNS” and
“DDNS” . You must confirm with your service provider on the detail information
before configuration.
3.3.1 Dynamic IP Address:
This function will obtain an IP address from service provider automatically. Click
“Apply” button below.
3.3.2 Static IP Address:
It allows you to use a static IP address in SP916GL. Your service provider gives
a static IP address to access Internet services. After you enter the “IP Address”,
“Subnet Mask”, and “ISP Gateway Address”
Note: “The ISP provide more IP address” will only provide you the IP address in the same
Subnet Mask and ISP Gateway Address.
- 10 -
3.3.3 PPPoE:
PPP over Ethernet is a common connection method used for xDSL. You must
enter the “User Name” and “Password” provided by your Internet Service
Provider (ISP). You could set the MTU from 1400 to 1492. The default is 1400.
3.3.4 PPTP:
Point-to-Point Tunnel Protocol is a connection method used for specific area.
You must enter the “PPTP Account”, “PPTP Password” and “Service IP
Address “ provided by your ISP. Enter SP916GL IP address and Subnet Mask
into the “My IP Address” and “My Subnet Mask” fields. Click “Apply” to
continue.
- 11 -
3.3.5 DNS:
A Domain Name system (DNS) server is like an index of IP addresses and Web
addresses. If you type a Web address into you browser, a DNS server will find
that name in its index and find the matching IP address. Most ISPs provide a
DNS server for speed and convenience. Since many Service Providers connect
to the Internet with dynamic IP settings, it is likely that the DNS server IP
addresses are also provided dynamically. However, if there is a DNS server that
you would rather use, you need to specify the IP address below.
3.3.6 DDNS:
Dynamic DNS allows you to update your dynamic IP address with one or many
dynamic DNS services. So anyone can access your FTP or Web service on
your computer using DNS-like address. This allows the DDNS server to know
what your current IP address is when you are on-line. You firstly need to register
your preferred DNS on the DDNS providers include 3 types: “dhs “,
“dyndns“and “dyns “. Then, please fill the related information in the below fields:
“Host Name“, “User Name“and “Password“. You must check the “Enable
DDNS Support” checkbox to enable the service. After you complete the
configuration, you must remember to click “Apply” to continue.
- 12 -
3.4
LAN Configuration Setting
3.4.1 LAN Configuration:
The 'LAN Settings' option enables you to assign IP address to the router. If the
DHCP Server is selected, the SP916GL will auto assign the IP address to the
PC which connect to the SP916GL and setting it as a DHCP client.
- 13 -
Note: SP916GL has DHCP server internal. You could enter a DHCP range and assign IP address
to client automatically. The Range is from 2 to 254. You could set the DHCP client Lease Time.
Then you could type the local domain name of the network in the “Local Domain Name” text box.
This item is optional.
3.4.2 DHCP Client List:
The DHCP client list allows you to see which clients are connected to the router
via IP address and MAC address.
3.4.3 UPnP configuration:
UPnP is architecture for pervasive peer-to-peer network connectivity of
intelligent appliances, wireless devices and PCs of all forms. You can Enable or
Disable the UPnP function. SP916GL supports the UPnP Internet Gateway
Device for Home Networking.
- 14 -
3.5
Wireless Configuration Setting
Wireless Access Point builds a wireless LAN and can let all PCs equipped with
IEEE802.11b/g wireless network adaptor to connect to your Intranet. It supports
WEP encryption and MAC address filter to enhance the security of your wireless
network.
3.5.1 Wireless Setting:
SSID: The identifier for the network. You can change the SSID. Only devices
with the same SSID can interconnect.
Channel ID: The channel number used for networking. The channel setting of
the wireless devices within a network should be the same.
Note: When operation rate set to Super G or Auto, the channel ID will fix in channel 6.
Operation Rate: SP916GL supports 802.11g, Super G (static) and Super G
(dynamic).
Hidden SSID: You could enable or disable the function to hide the SSID of
SP916GL in WLAN. The default is “Disable”.
Click “Apply” to continue.
- 15 -
3.5.2 Wireless Security Setting:
SP916GL provides several wireless security setting. The available
Authentication type includes “Open system”, “Shared key”, “WPA-802.1x”,
“WPA-PSK”, “WPA2-802.1x” and "WPA2-PSK". You can configure wireless
security/encryption setting here.
Encryption: To enable WEP, WPA, WPA2 and WPA2 Mixed encryption modes,
select the option in the drop list. If you select none, all data will be transmitted
without Encryption and every station can access the router.
Key 1 ~ Key 4: Enables you to create an encryption scheme for Wireless LAN
transmissions. Manually enter a set of values for each key. Select which key you
want to use by clicking the radio button next to the key. Click Clear to erase key
values.
RADIUS Sever Setup: If you use RADIUS Sever to ensure your security, you
have to set up the parameters in this item. To set up, enter the same Port, IP
address and Radius Server Secret as your RADIUS server. If WPA or 802.1X
is selected. Please set the length of the encryption key and the parameters for
the RADIUS server. If WPA-PSK is selected, please set the PSK Key in the
pass phrase field. The length should be 8 characters at least.
- 16 -
Note: As soon as 802.1X security is enabled, all the wireless client stations that are connected
to the Router currently will be disconnected. The wireless clients must be configured manually to
authenticate themselves with the Radius server to be reconnected.
3.5.3 WDS Configuration Setting:
Wireless Distribution System allows SP916GL to communicate with other
SP916GLs wirelessly. To make it work, you must ensure that these APs and the
Router are in the same Channel and then add these APs MAC Address and
Comment values into the WDS list. Enter the MAC Address of another AP you
want to connect to and choose Enable to enable the WDS link. Click the Apply
button to save the setting.
- 17 -
3.6
NAT Configuration Setting
Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users at your local site to
access the Internet through a single public IP address or multiple public IP
addresses NAT can also prevent hacker by mapping local addresses to public
address.
3.6.1 Virtual Server Setting:
This screen enables you to create a virtual server via SP916GL. If SP916GL is
set as a virtual server, remote users requesting Web or FTP services through
the WAN are directed to local servers in the LAN. The router redirects the
request via the protocol and port numbers to the correct LAN server. The Virtual
Sever profiles are listed in the table at the bottom of the page. Enter “Private IP”,
“Private Port”, “Type”, ”Public Port” in the appropriate fields and check
the ”Enabled” checkbox. After you complete the configuration, remember to
click “Apply” to continue.
Note: To select items in the table at the bottom, click anywhere in the item.
When the line is selected, the fields automatically load the parameters for the
item for you to edit.
Type: Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) you want to use for the virtual server.
Private Port: Type the port number of the computer on the LAN that is being
used to act as a virtual server.
Public Port: Type the port number on the WAN that will be used to provide
access to the virtual server.
- 18 -
3.6.2 Port Mapping Setting:
For some applications, you need to assign a set or a range of ports to a
specified local machine to route the packets. SP916GL allows the users to
configure the needed mappings to suit such application. You must enter the
Server IP and Mapping Ports. After you complete the setting then please
remember to check the Enabled checkbox and click “Apply” to continue.
- 19 -
3.6.3 DMZ Setting:
This screen enables you to create a DMZ for those computers that cannot
access Internet applications properly through the router and associated security
settings.
Note: Adding clients to the DMZ exposes the client to security risks such as
viruses and unauthorized access.
3.7
Firewall Configuration
3.7.1 Firewall Setting:
SP916GL provides extensive firewall protection by restricting connection
parameters to limit the risk of intrusion and defending against a wide array of
common hacker attacks. However, for applications that require unrestricted
access to the Internet, you can configure a specific client/server as a
DeMilitarized Zone (DMZ)
- 20 -
3.7.2 Client Filtering:
SP916GL could filter the outgoing packets for security or management
consideration. You can set up the filter against the IP addresses to block
specific internal users from accessing the Internet via Client Filtering.
3.7.3 MAC Control:
SP916GL could filter the outgoing packets for security or management
consideration based on MAC address.
- 21 -
3.8
Route Configuration
3.8.1 Static Routing:
The static routing function determines the path that router follows over your
network before and after it passes through SP916GL. You can use static routing
to allow different IP domain users to access the Internet through this device.
After you enter the parameter, remember to click “Add” button.
3.8.2 Dynamic Routing:
The dynamic routing feature of the router can be used to allow the router to
automatically adjust to physical changes in the network's layout. The router
uses the dynamic RIP protocol. It determines the route that the network packets
take based on the fewest number of hops between the source and the
destination. The RIP protocol regularly broadcasts routing information to other
routers on the network.
- 22 -
3.8.3 Routing Table:
The Routing table allows you to see the routings on your routing table and
interface information.
3.9
System Status
The System Status page shows the WAN, LAN and router's firmware version
- 23 -
4
Glossary
Access Point
A transceiver or radio component in a wireless LAN that acts as the transfer point
between wired and wireless signal, and vice versa.
Authentication
Authentication refers to the verification of a transmitted message’s integrity.
DMZ
DMZ (DeMilitarized Zone) is a part of a network that is located between a secure
LAN and an insecure WAN. DMZs provide a way for some clients to have
unrestricted access to the Internet.
DHCP
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) software automatically assigns IP
addresses to client stations logging onto a TCP/IP network, which eliminates the
need to manually assign permanent IP addresses.
DNS
DNS stands for Domain Name System. DNS converts machine names to the IP
addresses that all machines on the net have. It translates from name to address
and from address to name.
Domain Name
The domain name typically refers to an Internet site address.
DTIM
DTIM (Delivery Traffic Indication Message) provides client stations with
information on the next opportunity to monitor for broadcast or multicast
messages.
Filter
Filters are schemes which only allow specified data to be transmitted. For
example, the router can filter specific IP addresses so that users cannot connect
to those addresses.
Firewall
Firewalls are methods used to keep networks secure from malicious intruders and
unauthorized access. Firewalls use filters to prevent unwanted packets from
being transmitted. Firewalls are typically used to provide secure access to the
Internet while keeping an organization's public Web server separate from the
internal LAN.
Firmware
Firmware refers to memory chips that retain their content without electrical power
(for example, BIOS ROM). The router firmware stores settings made in the
interface.
Fragmentation
Fragmentation refers to the breaking up of data packets during transmission.
FTP
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network, and is
typically used for transferring large files or uploading the HTML pages for a Web
site to the Web server.
Gateway
Gateways are computers that convert protocols enabling different networks,
- 24 -
applications, and operating systems to exchange information.
Host Name
The name given to a computer or client station that acts as a source for
information on the network.
HTTP
HTTP (HyperText Transport Protocol) is the communications protocol used to
connect to servers on the World Wide Web. HTTP establishes a connection with a
Web server and transmits HTML pages to client browser (for example Windows
IE). HTTP addresses all begin with the prefix 'http://' prefix (for example,
http://www.yahoo.com).
ICMP
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) is a TCP/IP protocol used to send error
and control messages over the LAN (for example, it is used by the router to notify
a message sender that the destination node is not available).
IP
IP (Internet Protocol) is the protocol in the TCP/IP communications protocol suite
that contains a network address and allows messages to be routed to a different
network or subnet. However, IP does not ensure delivery of a complete
message—TCP provides the function of ensuring delivery.
IP Address
The IP (Internet Protocol) address refers to the address of a computer attached to
a TCP/IP network. Every client and server station must have a unique IP address.
Clients are assigned either a permanent address or have one dynamically
assigned to them via DHCP. IP addresses are written as four sets of numbers
separated by periods (for example, 211.23.181.189).
ISP
An ISP is an organization providing Internet access service via modems, ISDN
(Integrated Services Digital Network), and private lines.
LAN
LANs (Local Area Networks) are networks that serve users within specific
geographical areas, such as in a company building. LANs are comprised of
servers, workstations, a network operating system, and communications links
such as the router.
MAC Address
A MAC address is a unique serial number burned into hardware adapters, giving
the adapter a unique identification.
Metric
A number that indicates how long a packet takes to get to its destination.
MTU
MTU (Maximum Transmission/Transfer Unit) is the largest packet size that can be
sent over a network. Messages larger than the MTU are divided into smaller
packets.
NAT
NAT (Network Address Translation - also known as IP masquerading) enables an
organization to present itself to the Internet with one address. NAT converts the
address of each LAN node into one IP address for the Internet (and vice versa).
- 25 -
NAT also provides a certain amount of security by acting as a firewall by keeping
individual IP addresses hidden from the WAN.
(Network) Administrator
The network administrator is the person who manages the LAN within an
organization. The administrator's job includes ensuring network security, keeping
software, hardware, and firmware up-to-date, and keeping track of network
activity.
NTP
NTP (Network Time Protocol) is used to synchronize the realtime clock in a
computer. Internet primary and secondary servers synchronize to Coordinated
Universal Time (UTC).
Packet
A packet is a portion of data that is transmitted in network communications.
Packets are also sometimes called frames and datagrams. Packets contain not
only data, but also the destination IP address.
Ping
Ping (Packet INternet Groper) is a utility used to find out if a particular IP address
is present online, and is usually used by networks for debugging.
Port
Ports are the communications pathways in and out of computers and network
devices (routers and switches). Most PCs have serial and parallel ports, which are
external sockets for connecting devices such as printers, modems, and mice. All
network adapters use ports to connect to the LAN. Ports are typically numbered.
PPPoE
PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol Over Ethernet) is used for running PPP protocol
(normally used for dial-up Internet connections) over an Ethernet.
PPTP
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol uses TCP to deal data for tunnel maintenance,
and uses PPP for sum up the information carried within the tunnel. The data
carried within the tunnel can be compressed or encrypted. The encryption method
used is RSA RC4. PPTP can operate when the protocol is supported only on the
client and the server located on the other end that the client is corresponds with.
No support is essential from any of the routers or servers within the network the
two PCs are connecting across.
Protocol
A protocol is a rule that governs the communication of data.
RIP
RIP (Routing Information Protocol) is a routing protocol that is integrated in the
TCP/IP protocol. RIP finds a route that is based on the smallest number of hops
between the source of a packet and its destination.
51
RTS
RTS (Request To Send) is a signal sent from the transmitting station to the
receiving station requesting permission to transmit data.
Server
Servers are typically powerful and fast machines that store programs and data.
- 26 -
The programs and data are shared by client machines (workstations) on the
network.
SMTP
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is the standard Internet e-mail protocol.
SMTP is a TCP/IP protocol defining message format and includes a message
transfer agent that stores and forwards mail.
Subnet Mask
Subnet Masks are used by IP protocol to direct messages into a specified network
segment (i.e., subnet). A subnet mask is stored in the client machine, server or
router and is compared with an incoming IP address to determine whether to
accept or reject the packet.
SysLog Server
A SysLog server monitors incoming Syslog messages and decodes the
messages for logging purposes.
TCP
(Transmission Control Protocol) is the transport protocol in TCP/IP that ensures
messages over the network are transmitted accurately and completely.
TCP/IP
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is the main Internet
communications protocol. The TCP part ensures that data is completely sent and
received at the other end. Another part of the TCP/IP protocol set is UDP, which is
used to send data when accuracy and guaranteed packet delivery are not as
important (for example, in real-time video and audio transmission). The IP
component of TCP/IP provides data routability, meaning that data packets contain
the destination station and network addresses, enabling TCP/IP messages to be
sent to multiple networks within the LAN or in the WAN.
UDP
(User Datagram Protocol) is a protocol within TCP/IP that is used to transport
information when accurate delivery isn't necessary (for example, real-time video
and audio where packets can be dumped as there is no time for retransmitting the
data).
Virtual Servers
Virtual servers are client servers (such as Web servers) that share resources with
other virtual servers (i.e., it is not a dedicated server).
WAN
WAN (Wide Area Network) is a communications network that covers a wide
geographic area such as a country (contrasted with a LAN, which covers a small
area such as a company building).
- 27 -
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement