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The information contained in this Participant's Manual is intended solely for participants of the
BMW Aftersales Training course.
Refer to the latest relevant "BMW Service" information for any changes/supplements to the
Technical Data.
Information status: October 2004
conceptinfo@bmw.de
© 2004 BMW Group
München, Germany. Reprints of this manual or its parts require the written approval
of the
BMW Group, München.
VS-12 Aftersales Training
Participant's Manual
E60 M5 - Complete vehicle
S85B50 engine
Digital motor electronics (DME) S85B50
Sequential M gearbox (SMG 3)
Dynamic stability control (DSC)
Displays, indicators and controls
Contents
E60 S85 - The New M5
System overview
1
Foreword
1
9
System overview
E60 S85 - The New M5
Foreword
The new BMW M5 will be launched in
October 2004. It will be the most powerful M5
of all time and the first to exhibit this power
potential at first glance.
The basic concept, however, remains
unchanged: The E60 M5 too combines without compromise - the qualities of a luxury
class Saloon with the power potential of a
sports car. Its visual appearance, however, is
intentionally somewhat less discreet as its
predecessor. The front and rear aprons are
now slightly more prominent and, together
with the rear spoiler, 4-pipe exhaust system
and 19" wheels, the in the meantime M5-
characteristic side gills unmistakably identify
the M5 at first glance - even from the side.
The highlight of the new M5 is, of course, the
V10 engine derived from BMW-Williams
Formula 1. With the governed limit at
8,250 rpm, it not only provides Formula 1
performance but also develops that typical
Formula 1 sound.
Identification badge: The M side
gills
Despite these features, the M5 still remains an
understatement-product. Its exterior conveys
a powerful yet still reserved appearance. At no
point has its everyday suitability gained from
the E60 series been lost.
The most important features in brief
10-cylinder Formula 1 engine
Body and suspension
Prominent front and rear aprons, paired with
side sills and a powerful rear spoiler clearly
distinguish the M5 from the E60 Series. A rear
diffuser - also a Formula 1 offshoot - provides
an additional power boost on the rear axle.
The V10 all-aluminium naturally-aspirated
engine with 5 l displacement develops
400 bhp output. This output can be increased
to over 500 bhp by pressing the power button
on the centre console.
With the push of a button, the new DSC on the
M5 provides substantially greater lateral force
for fans of the controlled drift. The rear axle
lock is not fixed at 25% but rather provides
variable control.
Control and individualization
As in the Formula 1, the bedplate structure
ensures low-vibration stability with matching
rigidity. The engine is controlled by the
Siemens MS_S65 engine management while
the knock control is based on ionic current
technology.
The 2-disc dry clutch also stems from
Formula 1, while the gears are shifted with a 7speed SMG 3 gearbox specifically adapted to
the high speed concept.
Despite these impressive performance data,
the E60 M5 conforms to the exhaust emission
standard EU4.
The buttons on the shift lever can be used to
vary the performance control systems. The
accelerator pedal characteristic, EDC and
Servotronic can be individually configured and
selected by means of M-buttons on the
steering wheel. The head-up display is
specifically adapted to the M5 environment.
1
9
Technical data and competitors
Length (mm)
Width (mm)
Height (mm)
Wheelbase (mm)
Toe, front (mm)
Toe, rear (mm)
Unladen weight (kg)
Payload (kg)
Luggage compartment capacity (l)
Engine / Valves per cylinder
Displacement (ccm)
Mercedes
E55 AMG
4818
1822
1412
2854
1583
1551
1835
525
530
V8 / 3
5439
Audi
RS6 plus
4858
1850
1425
2759
1578
1587
1880
540
455
V8 / 5
4172
Biturbocharging
480
6000 - 6400
560
1950 - 6000
6.600
5-speed
automatic
gearbox
14.6
82/561
Front and
rear:
Engine output (bhp)
At engine speed (rpm)
Nominal torque (Nm)
At engine speed (rpm)
Governed engine speed (rpm)
Transmission
507
7750
520
6100
8.250
7-speed
SMG gearbox
Fuel consumption (l/100 km EU)
Fuel tank capacity/range (l/km)
Wheels and tyres
14,8
70/473
Front:
255/40 R19
on 8.5 J x 19
Compressor
supercharging
476
6100
700
2650 - 4000
6.250
5-speed
automatic
gearbox
12.9
80/620
Front:
245/40 R18
on 8 J x 18
Rear:
285/35 R19
on 9.5 J x 19
4.6
250
(governed)
86,200.00
Rear:
265/35 R18
on 9 J x 18
4.7
250
(governed)
90,422.00
0 - 100 km/h (s)
V max (km/h)
Purchase price (Euro)
2
BMW
M5 (E60)
4855
1846
1469
2889
1580
1566
1830
545
500
V10 / 4
4999
255/35 R19
on 9 J x 19
4.6
280
(governed)
101,050.00
Contents
S85B50 Engine
Objectives
1
Introduction
3
System overview
5
System components
17
6
Objectives
S85B50 Engine
Purpose of this Participant's Manual
The Participant's Manual is a document
designed to accompany a seminar while at the
same time serving as a source of reference.
This Participant's Manual describes new
features and further developments of the
S85B50 engine.
1
6
2
7
Introduction
S85B50 Engine
Introduction
The S85B50 is the first 10-cylinder engine
from BMW for series production vehicles. The
high speed layout of the S85 is a guarantee for
a high degree of spontaneity in engine
response and uniform power development.
Due to the, for an in-line engine, very high top
engine speed of 8,250 rpm, an extremely rigid
engine block is necessary in order to
withstand the vibrations and to satisfy the
acoustic requirements.
For this reason, a bedplate structure was
chosen for the engine block. The cylinder
head is also designed as a one-piece unit in
order to achieve the greatest possible rigidity
and to reduce sealing surfaces.
The valve train especially the box-type tappets
with hydraulic lash adjusters (HVA) have been
optimized with regard to weight and friction.
The high dynamics and spontaneity of the
engine render necessary extremely fast
adjustment of the VANOS. This is achieved by
an oil pressure of 115 bar as well as new
proportional valves and VANOS gear
mechanisms.
The rapid engine response also necessitates
the use of individual throttle valves that are
operated side-specific.
The S85 is equipped with a double-disc clutch
and dual-mass flywheel (ZMS) in order to
transmit the high power to the transmission.
Technical data
Engine designation
Engine type
Displacement
Bore
Stroke
Power output
Torque
Engine speed
Weight
S85B50
V10, 90°
4,999 cm3
92 mm
75.2 mm
373 kW/507 bhp at
7,750 rpm
520 Nm at 6,100 rpm
8,250 rpm
240 kg
1 - S85B50 Power output diagram
3
7
4
8
System overview
S85B50 Engine
S85B50
Engine block with bedplate
1 - Crankcase with bedplate (grey = aluminium, dark grey = cast iron, blue = water area, yellow = oil area)
The lower bearings of the crankshaft in
conventional crankcases are designed as
individual bearing bridges.
In order to reliably take up the piston forces,
these "main bearing bridges" are made of cast
iron.
The bearing bridges are cast and are
machined together with the crankcase
following initial assembly.
In the case of the bedplate-type crankcase,
the crankcase is split at the level of the
crankshaft into the upper section of the
crankcase and lower section of the crankcase,
i.e. the bedplate.
In the split crankcase with bedplate, the
crankshaft bearings are an integral part of a
separate, stable frame, i.e. the bedplate.
Features
• The crankcase is additionally stiffened
towards the oil pan by the complete
bedplate. Consequently, the entire engine
is on the whole more rigid and more
resistant to torsion.
• The additional rigidity of the crankcase also
improves the engine acoustics.
• The bedplate makes it possible to
accommodate additional assemblies in the
lower section of the engine.
• The bedplate facilitates simple and fast
assembly of the crankshaft main bearings.
The bedplate is machined together with the
crankcase and, after assembling the
crankshaft, mounted to the upper section of
the crankcase.
5
8
Bedplate screw connection
2 - Bedplate screw connection
The bedplate is secured to the upper section
of the crankcase with the main bearing bolts.
The positions are fixed with fitted sleeves
(NG4) or screws with adapter sleeves (S85).
The engine serial number is punched on the
bedplate (see arrow).
To ensure trouble-free operation of the
crankshaft, it is essential that the specified
sequence of the bedplate screw connections
is adhered to. Any deviations from this
sequence can result in engine damage and
leaks in the bedplate/crankcase.
The bedplate facilitates simple and fast
assembly of the crankshaft main bearings.
The bedplate must be sealed from the
crankcase. Since the crankshaft bore is
produced together with the bolted bedplate, a
flat gasket cannot be used otherwise the
crankshaft bore would be enlarged. For this
reason, bedplate-type engines are sealed with
a liquid sealing compound in a groove.
6
3 - Injection opening in crankcase for liquid sealant
After completely bolting the bedplate to the
crankcase, the liquid sealant is injected via
injection nozzles into the groove.
8
Bedplate sealing
Primer is used to harden the liquid sealant at
the outlet points.
4 - Sealant outlet
Crankshaft drive
The forged crankshaft has a crank pin
sequence of 72°. The sprocket for the primary
timing gear is produced as one part together
with the crankshaft.
Both the pistons as well as the steel cracked
connecting rods are asymmetric.
5 - Crankshaft with connecting rods and pistons
7
8
Cylinder head
The one-piece design of the cylinder head
offers advantages with regard to rigidity and a
reduction in sealing surfaces.
Both the idle air port as well as the secondary
air channel are integrated in the cylinder head.
6 - Cross section of cylinder head (red = cut edge, orange = secondary air
channel, blue = water area, aqua = idle air port)
Timing gear
8 - Valve train
7 - Timing gear S85
A timing chain with separate chain tensioner
drives each intake camshaft (primary timing
gear). A toothed drive belt provides the drive
from the intake camshaft to the exhaust
camshaft (secondary timing gear).
8
For weight and friction reasons, the shape of
the hydraulic tappets in the S85 is based on
the box-type tappet as known from motor
racing engines. Since the tappets must not
rotate in the cylinder head, anti-torsion
needles which run in grooves milled into the
cylinder head are fitted in the tappets.
8
VANOS
The oil pressure of 115 bar is produced by a
high pressure pump installed in the oil pan.
The high pressure pump is driven through a
gearwheel directly from the crankshaft.
The pressurized engine oil is routed via two
delivery lines to the two VANOS control units
and to the pressure accumulator.
The adjustment units feature two proportional
valves that ensure infinitely variable control of
the oil pressure. Compared to the directional
control valves used formerly, proportional
valves ensure shorter control times and
greater operational reliability.
9 - VANOS control unit
As known from the S62, the VANOS system is
used on the S85 to adjust both the intake
camshaft as well as the exhaust camshaft. The
intake camshafts have an adjustment range of
60° crankshaft angle and the exhaust
camshafts 37° crankshaft angle.
9
8
10 - Hydraulic diagram of VANOS actuator S85
Index
A
B
C
D
Explanation
Exhaust
Intake
Advance
Retard
Index
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
Engine oil pump (1-5 bar)
Filter 80 µm
High pressure pump 115 bar (HDP)
8
9
10
The displacement range of the pistons in the
VANOS control unit is converted into rotary
motion
10
Explanation
Filter 50 µm
Check valve (optional)
Solenoid valve (3/2-way)
Adjustment piston, pressure
accumulator
Pressure accumulator shut-off valve
Pressure accumulator
Pressure relief valve HDP VANOS
hydraulic units (actuators)
by an infinitely variable gear mechanism
integrated in the sprockets.
8
Belt drive
11 - Belt drive over complete side
13 - Secondary belt drive
The secondary belt drive comprises the power
steering pump and A/C compressor. The drive
is provided by the pulley on the crankshaft.
12 - Main belt drive
The water pump and alternator are driven by
the main belt drive. The drive is provided by
the pulley on the crankshaft.
11
8
Cooling circuit
14 - Cooling circuit
Coolant flows both through the cylinder head
as well as the engine block in the familiar
cross-flow manner. A new feature, however, is
that each cylinder head has its own radiator
feed and the thermostat is located in the
return flow line. The radiator is divided into an
upper and lower water tank. Coolant that
emerges from the cylinder head 1 - 5 flows
through the upper water tank. The coolant
from cylinder head 6 - 10 flows through the
lower water tank.
12
The split cooler makes it necessary to provide
three bleeder openings and two bleeder lines
to ensure effective self-bleeding of the
system.
The tap-off point for the heating system heat
exchanger is located at the rear of the cylinder
heads. The heating return line and the line to
the expansion tank merge together at a Tpiece ahead of the water pump.
8
Oil circuit lubrication
15 - S85 Oil circuit
The S85 is equipped with a quasi-dry sump.
For this reason, a suction pump is used to
pump the oil out of the oil pan in the area
ahead of the rack and pinion power steering
gear into the rear oil sump. From here, a
controllable slide valve pump conveys the oil
at a max. pressure of 5 bar into the oil filter. A
thermostat that enables the path to the engine
cooler is additionally located in the oil filter
head. The oil is then routed from the oil filter
into the engine. Here it is divided over three
lines to the two cylinder heads and to the
crankcase. A special feature of this system are
the two electrically driven oil pumps that are
located on the left and right of the oil pan.
The electric oil pumps start up at a transverse
acceleration of 0.8 G and pump the oil from
the cylinder heads which, under these
centrifugal force conditions, would otherwise
no longer flow back into the oil pan.
The crankcase is ventilated by a cyclone
separator in the intake air manifold 6 - 10. The
return flow line from the oil separator and the
condensation return flow lines from the intake
air manifolds are routed along the 6 - 10 side
of the crankcase into the oil sump.
13
8
Intake air manifold
16 - Intake air manifolds S85
The S85 is equipped with a separate intake air
manifold for each cylinder bank. The intake air
manifolds are connected via hoses to the
throttle valve assemblies.
10 individual throttle valves control the air
supply for the S85. The individual throttle
valves of each cylinder bank are operated
separately by an actuator unit and operating
shaft. The actuator motors operate
independently.
17 - S85 Throttle valves
The throttle valves are set with respect to each
other (as on S54). There are no facilities for the
synchronization of the cylinder banks with
respect to each other as well as for setting the
full load stop. The necessary corrections are
undertaken by the engine management (see
section entitled Engine Management
MS_S65).
Idle control system
The idle speed is controlled by two idle speed
actuators that route the intake air from the
intake air manifolds directly into the idle air port
of the respective cylinder head. Each cylinder
bank is controlled individually.
18 - Idle control system
14
8
Secondary air system
The secondary air is injected into the exhaust
ports via vacuum-controlled diaphragm valves
on the cylinder heads.
The vacuum necessary for activation of the
secondary air valves is taken from the cylinder
head 6 - 10 and switched by an electric
changeover valve. A check valve prevents the
return into the cylinder head.
The vacuum lines from the electric
changeover valve to the secondary air valves
are routed in the wiring harness duct.
19 - Secondary air system
Index
1
2
3
Explanation
Diaphragm valve
Secondary air actuator (US version
only)
Secondary air pump
After the engine has been started, the electric
secondary air pump mixes fresh air with the
exhaust gas to bring about oxidation of the
uncombusted hydrocarbons in the exhaust
gas. As a result, the HC component in the
exhaust gas is reduced and the light-off
temperature of the near-engine main catalytic
converters is reached at a faster rate. To
conform to the stringent exhaust emission
regulations in the USA, it is necessary to
control the secondary air. This is achieved by
an idle speed actuator in the secondary air line
on the US version of the S85.
15
8
16
9
System components
S85B50 Engine
Basic engine and add-on parts
Upper section of crankcase
The upper section of the crankcase is made
from an aluminium alloy (GK AlSi17Cu4Mg T5). The contact surfaces of the
cylinders are machined in accordance with the
Alusil process.
Bedplate
The bedplate consists of an aluminium frame
(G AlSi7Mg0.3 T6) in which the grey cast iron
bearing bridges (GGG 60) are cast. After
casting, the component is subject to stress-
relief annealing for 8 hours at a temperature of
525 °C, it is then quenched in water at 70 °C
and aged for 5 hours at a temperature of
165 °C.
Crankcase
The crankcase comprises the bedplate and
upper section of the crankcase. As already
used on the N42, the seal is provided by a
liquid sealant in a groove that is milled into the
upper section of the crankcase.
It is important that the assembly sequence is
followed precisely in order to avoid stress in
the crankcase when assembling the upper
section and base plate:
1. Position the bedplate diagonally on the
bearing blocks 1 and 6 by means of two
M8x94 screws.
2. Provisionally fasten the bedplate with the
ten M8x94 screws.
3. Tighten the M11x115 bolts to setting
torque
4. Tighten the M11x115 bolts to specified
rotary angle
5. Tighten the M8x94 bolts to setting torque
6. Tighten the M8x94 bolts to specified
torque
7. Tighten the M8x60, M8x35 and M8x25
bolts to the specified torque
Cylinder head
The cylinder head is made from an aluminium
alloy (GK AlSiMgCu0.5 wa).
17
9
Crankshaft/main bearings
The crankshaft is forged from a high-strength
steel 42CrMo4 and weighs 21.63 kg. After
grinding the bearing points, the shaft is
nitrocarburized.
The colour codes of the main bearing shells
are stamped on the crank web of the first main
bearing.
1 - Main bearing classification (G = green; Y = yellow; V = violet)
Connecting rods
The forged connecting rods of the S65 are
made from the material 70MnVS4 BY. As on
the S65, the large connecting rod eye of the
connecting rods used on the S85 is cracked,
thus achieving an unmistakable parting joint
with outstanding fit accuracy. As on the NG
engines, the small connecting rod eye is
trapezoidal, enabling it to support the force
over a large area. The connecting rods weigh
582 g and are produced to a tolerance of ±
2 g. No classification is necessary in view of
this very close tolerance range. When
assembling the connecting rods and pistons it
is important to bear in mind that the
connecting rod is asymmetrical and, in the
same way as the piston, must be specifically
installed with respect to forward direction.
The one-sided reduction of the thrust collar by
1.5 mm per connecting rod serves the
purpose of shortening the lateral offset by a
total of 3 mm and therefore reducing the total
length of the engine by 3 mm. The installation
direction is indicated by two elevations on the
connecting rod.
18
2 - Asymmetry of connecting
rod
9
The specified tightening operation for the
connecting rod bolts must be adhered to
precisely. Tightening the bolts three times to
the same tightening angle gives rise to a
certain training effect (work hardening) in the
connecting rod bolts, resulting in increased
pretensioning force and simultaneously in
pretensioning force spread. Disregard of or a
mix-up in the bolt tightening instructions can
lead to 100 % engine damage by connecting
rod bolts working loose.
3 - Installation direction of connecting rod
Pistons
The piston is cast from aluminium
(Al Si12CuNiMg). Since an aluminium piston
is an unfavourable friction partner for an
aluminium cylinder, the piston skirt is coated
with a galvanic ferrous layer (Ferrostan) at a
layer thickness of approx. 10 µm. An additional
approx. 2 µm tin layer serves as a running-in
layer.
Camshaft
The camshaft mounted in nine bearings is a
hollow chill casting (GGG 60). For the first
time, the wheel for the camshaft sensor is cast
on the camshaft on the S85. An M12x1 thread
is integrated in the camshafts for the central
screw connection of the VANOS gear
mechanism.
Valve springs
Conical valve springs are used on the S85.
The same springs are used for the intake and
exhaust.
Valve cotters
The valve cotters are designed as single-row
clamping-type cone cotters. In contrast to the
three-row valve cotters, these clamping-type
cone cotters prevent the valve turning during
operation as neither a cleaning effect nor
running-in is necessary thanks to the clean
and efficient combustion and the very close
production tolerances. An advantage of the
clamping-type cone cotters is their low weight
(approx. 50 % lighter than the three-row valve
cotters).
In addition, the force of the valve spring is not
transmitted positively but rather non-positively
via the grooves in the valve stem. At a stem
diameter of 5 mm, this arrangement protects
the material more effectively.
19
9
Box-type tappets
Compared to bucket tappets, box-type
tappets permit a substantially greater crown
curvature, resulting in decreased migration of
the cam and tappet contact point. An
alternative is concave grinding of the cams.
This, however, involves higher production
expenditure and produces a bucket tappet
with a considerably larger diameter and
therefore an additional weight of approx. 20 g
per tappet. The valve timing gear of the S54 is
still unsurpassed with regard to the moved
masses, however, the box-type tappet of the
S85 represents an optimum solution in terms
of conflicting objectives such as ease of
servicing, production engineering and moved
masses.
Valves
Both the exhaust valve as well as the intake
valve are designed as solid stem valves with a
stem diameter of 5 mm. The intake valves are
made from the valve steel X45CrSi9-3. The
exhaust valve stem is also made from
X45CrSi9-3 and is friction-welded to the valve
head made from NiCr20TiAl.
To improve the cylinder charge, the standard
cylindrical runout is not formed on the exhaust
valve in the area of the valve seat but rather the
70° bevel has a pointed runout. For this
reason, the intake valve should be handled
with great care as any "knock" could inevitably
cause damage to the edges.
VANOS High pressure pump
4 - VANOS High pressure
pump
The high pressure pump is designed as a
radial piston pump with five pump plungers. It
is driven via a gear mechanism directly by the
crankshaft. To avoid gearing noise, when
mounting the sprocket of the high pressure
pump, the coated part must face towards the
crankshaft without any clearance. The correct
gear clearance is then established
automatically by the coating scraping off.
5 - Coated segment of high pressure pump gearwheel
The high pressure pump receives it oil supply
from the bedplate. An 80 µm fine filter is
installed in the transition hole from the
bedplate to the high pressure pump. This filter
has the sole purpose of holding back any
impurities that may accumulate during series
production and is not replaced during vehicle
operation.
A feed valve in the high pressure pump
ensures a constant supply of oil over the entire
pressurized engine oil range.
20
9
7 - High pressure radial piston pump with fixed stator 1 and moving rotor 2
6 - Feed valve in high pressure pump
Index
1
2
Explanation
Engine oil
Oil feed, high pressure pump
The high pressure pump consists of the fixed
stator about which the rotor rotates. Five
moving plungers are mounted in the rotor. The
stator and rotor are installed off-centre in the
pump housing. The plungers are guided
radially as the rotor rotates thus producing the
pump stroke motion.
Index
1
2
3
4
5
Explanation
Rotor
Stator
Pump housing
Engine oil is supplied by the stator
and taken up by the pistons
Engine oil is compressed and
returned to the stator at 100 bar
The pressure relief valve integrated in the high
pressure pump opens in response to pressure
peaks in the high pressure system and opens
up a bypass to the oil pan.
The oil pressurized at 115 bar is routed via
three delivery lines to the two VANOS control
units and to the pressure accumulator.
VANOS High pressure system
8 - High pressure line
21
9
VANOS Actuators
9 - Adjustment unit
Index
1
2
3
4
5
Explanation
Adjustment direction, advance
Intake
Plug contacts
Exhaust
Adjustment direction, retard
Separate adjustment units are provided for
each cylinder bank for the purpose of
adjusting the VANOS gear mechanism. These
adjustment units are known as the actuators.
The VANOS high pressure pump supplies
them with oil under high pressure.
Since, due to the gearwheel connection the
intake camshaft and exhaust camshaft rotate
in opposing directions, the intake is adjusted
towards advance and the exhaust towards
retard when the plunger extends.
The adjustment pistons are designed as
double-acting cylinders and differ with regard
to the adjustment range for the intake and
exhaust camshafts.
22
10 - Stroke of adjustment piston
Index
1
Explanation
Stroke
The stroke range on the exhaust side of
maximum 14.25 mm corresponds to
18.5° camshaft angle = 37° crankshaft angle.
The stroke on the intake side of maximum
25.25 mm corresponds to 30° camshaft angle
= 60° crankshaft angle.
When extended into the two piston chambers,
the adjustment pistons are subject to a
system pressure of 100 bar. They therefore
extend only due to the different piston surface
areas. The oil from the small piston chamber is
transferred into the high pressure circuit. The
proportional valve must be fully actuated in
order to extend the adjustment piston.
9
adjustment pistons. The retraction movement
of the adjustment pistons is supported by the
camshafts as they push back the spline shafts
in the hydraulic units due to the helical gearing
in the VANOS gear mechanism.
11 - Adjustment piston extending
The holding function and piston retraction are
achieved by reducing the oil feed on the side
with the largest piston surface area by partly
actuating the proportional valve. The reduced
oil feed decreases the oil pressure, thus
initiating a change in the forces exerted on the
12 - Adjustment piston retracting
VANOS gear mechanism
Index
1
2
Explanation
Exhaust
Intake
The gear mechanism is driven by the drive
gearwheel that interacts with the helical
gearing on the inner sleeve. The threaded
connections for the gearing connects the
inner sleeve to the outer sleeve. With (wide)
helical gearing, the inner sleeve acts on the
bearing assembly for the drive gearwheel that
is firmly secured to the camshaft with the
central bolt.
13 - VANOS gear mechanism
The VANOS gear mechanism connects the
crankshaft with the intake camshafts as well as
the exhaust camshafts. The gear mechanism
also permits "torsion" of the camshafts. The
gear mechanisms for the intake and exhaust
sides differ in terms of the exterior structure of
the gear and chain drive while the adjustment
mechanism on the inner side is identical.
23
9
The gear units are mounted in their base
position, i.e. pulled apart. The camshafts are
adjusted when the gear units are pushed
together.
The drive gearwheel and bearing for the drive
gearwheel are connected by a torsion spring
to assist the return movement.
14 - Design of intake gear mechanism
Index
1
2
3
4
Explanation
Drive gearwheel assembly
Inner sleeve
Outer sleeve
Bearing for drive gearwheel
The actuator (adjustment unit) is connected to
the outer and inner sleeve by the screw
connection of the gear mechanism. During
adjustment, the inner sleeve and outer sleeve
are pulled out of and pushed into the gear
mechanism.
The inner sleeve is turned by the helical
gearing on the "fixed" drive gearwheel (timing
chain drive). Due to the non-positive screw
connection of the outer sleeve, this sleeve also
turns. In connection with a further helical gear,
the outer sleeve now turns the bearing for the
drive gearwheel and in turn the camshaft
connected with the central bolt.
24
15 - Intake gear mechanism adjusted
The mounting screws for the gear mechanism
are tightened only lightly when assembling the
actuators. As a result, no force is transmitted
from the outer sleeve to the inner sleeve when
sliding the actuators onto the cylinder head (to
facilitate the sliding movement of the gear
unit). Due to the "fixed" drive gearwheel, the
outer sleeve turns in the direction of engine
rotation. At the same time the "fixed" bearing
for the drive gearwheel turns the inner sleeve
opposite the direction of engine rotation.
9
16 - Direction of rotation when sliding on the adjustment unit
The exhaust camshaft is driven by the intake
camshaft in connection with a gear drive
mechanism. The drive gearwheel is split in two
in order to avoid gearing noises caused by a
change in the driving tooth profile in
connection with a change in load. A disc spring
turns the two halves of the gearwheel in
opposing directions (functional principle
similar to dual-mass flywheel) so that both
tooth profiles of the exhaust gearwheel always
rest on the intake gearwheel under all load
conditions.
17 - Exhaust-side sprocket with disc spring
Index
1
2
3
Explanation
Annular spring
Torsion spring
Lock screw
25
9
VANOS Pressure accumulator
The pressure accumulator is preloaded with
nitrogen. A piston separates the oil chamber
from the gas chamber.
The VANOS operating pressure is 115 bar.
The shut-off valve on the pressure
accumulator is closed when the engine is
turned off. A pressure of 80 bar remains in the
pressure accumulator which is immediately
made available the next time the engine is
started.
3
The repair instructions must be observed
when performing any work on the pressure
accumulator! 1
Oil pumps
The oil pump is driven by the VANOS high
pressure pump in connection with a chain.
20 - Duocentric pump
18 - Drive of oil pump
The oil pump housing accommodates two oil
pumps. The one is a duocentric pump that
pumps the oil from the front oil sump to the
rear oil sump. The other is a slide-valve type
pump which takes the oil from the rear sump
and conveys it to the oil filter at a variable
pressure of up to 5 bar.
21 - Slide-valve type pump
The pump outlet is determined by the
eccentricity of the pendulum-type slide valve.
No oil is delivered when the pump runs
centrally with respect to the rotor as all pump
chambers are the same size.
19 - Oil pan with oil pump
26
The slide valve is displaced by an inclined
piston. This piston is in equilibrium between
the piston spring and the engine oil pressure.
The greater the engine oil pressure, the more
the piston is pressed against the spring and
the more the slide valve turns in the direction
of 0 delivery.
9
22 - Minimum delivery
23 - Maximum delivery
27
9
Electric oil pumps
When cornering at high speeds, the
centrifugal force forces the engine oil into the
outer cylinder head so that it can no longer
flow back into the oil pan of its own accord.
It must therefore be pumped off by the
respective oil pump and returned to the oil
sump. The electric oil pumps are activated by
the engine control unit that determines the
cornering speed with a yaw rate sensor.
The electric oil pumps are protected by heat
shields from the heat radiated from the
exhaust manifolds.
Oil spray nozzles
Double-hook oil spray nozzles are used on the
S85 for the purpose of cooling the piston
crown.
The oil spray nozzle is equipped with an
integrated pressure control valve.
Opening pressure: 1.8 to 2.2 bar
Closing pressure: 1.3 to 1.9 bar
Oil filter housing
A thermostat that opens the path to the
engine oil cooler is mounted in the head of the
oil filter housing.
Exhaust manifold
The S 85 is equipped with a 5-in-1 exhaust
manifold with near-engine catalytic converter
for each cylinder bank. The pipes or runners of
the manifold are made from stainless steel
(X 15 Cr Ni Si 20-12) and have a wall thickness
of 0.8 mm.
24 - Exhaust manifold
28
9
Intake air manifold
The S85 features a separate intake air
manifold for each cylinder bank that is
mounted with hose clips on the throttle valve
assemblies.
Cyclone separators are installed in the intake
air manifolds in the area of the fifth and tenth
cylinder. The oil from the oil separators and
the condensate from the manifolds merge in
two channels in the crankcase behind the
tenth cylinder and routed into the oil sump.
The design of the intake air manifold is similar
to that mounted on the S54. The shells are
also made from PA66 on the S85 but they are
joined together by a butt-welding process.
25 - Cyclone separator (1) in intake air manifold
Intake silencers
The air to the intake silencers is drawn in via
two routes. One from the area behind the
kidney grille and the other from the large air
inlets in the bumper.
The S85 requires four air ducts in order to
achieve maximum output. A large cross
section could not be realized for package
space reasons. In addition, the upper intake
ducts define the fording capability of the M5.
In the US version, the air cleaner element is
additionally equipped with an activated carbon
filter. This filter serves the purpose of ensuring
no vapours containing hydrocarbons can
escape from the intake area into the
environment when the vehicle is stationary.
26 - Intake silencers with air ducting
29
9
Radiator
The radiator of the S85 is divided into an upper
and a lower water tank. The lower water tank
serves the purpose of cooling the coolant from
the cylinder side 1 - 5 while the upper tank is
responsible for cooling the cylinder side 6 - 10.
Due to this split design, it has been possible to
reduce the pressure drop in the radiator from
approx. 3 bar to approx. 1.4 bar.
Thermostat
Due to the two-section cooling concept, the
thermostat on the S85 has been relocated in
the return line. It is designed as a conventional
thermostat that opens at a temperature of
79 °C.
27 - Sectional view of thermostat housing
30
The coolant from the cylinder heads enters
the connection piece for the radiator feed and
from here it is routed both via the double Oring carrier into the thermostat as well as into
the coolant supply hoses.
Contents
DME S85B50
Objectives
1
Introduction
3
System overview
5
Functions
7
Functional Principle of the Digital Motor
Electronics
7
System components
15
Digital Motor Electronics (DME)
15
Service information
23
4
Objectives
DME S85B50
Purpose of this Participant's Manual
The Participant's Manual is a document
designed to accompany a seminar while at the
same time serving as a source of reference.
This Participant's manual describes new
features and further developments of the
digital motor electronics (DME) for the
S85B50 engine.
1
4
2
5
Introduction
DME S85B50
Introduction
The S85B50 engine can develop a power
output of 373 kW (507 bhp) and a maximum
torque of 520 Nm.
The use of the MS_S65 with its expanded
functions made it possible to precisely control
the engine based on the high speed concept.
To ensure the available power is fully utilized at
a maximum engine speed of 8,250 rpm while
complying with legally stipulated exhaust
emission regulations, the engine management
MS_S65 further developed by Siemens on
the basis of the MS_S54 was used for the first
time.
The S85B50 complies with the exhaust
emission regulations
• Europe: EU4
• USA: US-LEV 2
• Japan: Japan LEV 2000.
3
5
4
6
System overview
DME S85B50
The MS_S65 is a further development of the
MS_S54 (MS_S54 HP, M3 CSL) that was
used to control the S54 in the E46 M3.
Additional functions used for the first time at
BMW were implemented to facilitate the use
of the S65 engine management on the
S85B50:
• Two-stage selectivity of the maximum
engine power output
• Transverse force-dependent control of the
electric oil pumps
• Requirement-controlled fuel delivery with
variable fuel pressure
• Knocking and misfiring detected by ionic
current technology.
5
6
6
7
Functions
DME S85B50
Functional Principle of the Digital Motor Electronics
Engine torque control
The EDR satellite serves the purpose of
controlling the engine torque. The main
control variable is the quantity of fresh air (air/
fuel mixture) supplied to the engine that can
be varied by the position of the ten individual
throttle valves and the two idle speed throttle
valves.
For the control system, the V 10 engine is
divided into two identical blocks (cylinder
banks) each with five cylinders. Each cylinder
bank has an idle speed throttle valve and five
individual throttle valves.
The five individual throttle valves are
mechanically coupled with each other per
cylinder bank.
The position of the idle throttle valve and the
position of the five individual throttle valves are
controlled by two actuators per cylinder bank
an idle speed actuator (LLS) and an electric
throttle valve actuator (EDR).
The entire intake air control system therefore
consists of four actuator motors for the throttle
valves.
For safety reasons, each throttle valve is
equipped with a return spring that closes the
throttle valves in the event of the respective
actuator failing.
All four actuator motors are controlled by the
central engine management (DME).
The DME calculates the target load signal for
both cylinder banks from the input variables
such as driver's load choice via the pedal value
sensor, coolant temperature and from
interventions of other control units (DSC,
ACC, ...). The DME then determines a set
position for the throttle valves (set angle) from
this target load signal. Initially, the potential of
the idle throttle valves is exhausted before the
individual throttle valves are opened to allow a
substantially greater volume of air to be drawn
in.
Communication with the actuator motors
takes place via the CAN busses. The two EDR
are addressed via a separate CAN-bus and the
two LLS via a common LLS-SMG CAN-bus.
In order to set the engine power output
corresponding to the input variables, the DME
specifies for the actuators a target value
relating to the throttle valve angle which the
actuators then assume.
One of the two Hall sensors of the throttle
valve sensor 1 (DKG 1) is made available to the
electric throttle valve actuator 1 (EDR 1) for
the purpose of controlling the individual
throttle valves.
The second Hall sensor of DKG 1 is powered
and read directly by the DME and only serves
the purpose of monitoring the control of the
EDR 1. (the same applies to actuator 2
(EDR 2)).
The two idle actuators feature an internal
incremental angle transducer for controlling
the throttle valve angle of the idle speed
throttle valves. The sensor value is sent back
to the DME via the CAN-bus.
The DME determines the current actual load
signal from the directly read throttle valve
sensors and the feedback signals of the LLS in
order to check the setting of the throttle
valves. The plausibility of this load signal is
checked against the signals of the two hot-film
air mass meters (HFM) that measure the
intake air masses per cylinder bank.
If the deviations between the target and actual
load signal are too great, the plausibility is
additionally checked against the signal from
the oxygen sensor. The DME responds with a
corresponding fault reaction.
7
7
1 - System circuit diagram EDR
8
7
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Explanation
Dynamic stability control (DSC)
Active cruise control (ACC)
Safety and gateway module (SGM)
Steering wheel
Sequential M gearbox (SMG)
Pedal position sensor (PWG)
Pedal position sensor (PWG)
Digital Motor Electronics (DME)
Brake light switch
Clutch switch
Transmission switch, idle speed
Index
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Explanation
Throttle valve sensor (DKG)
Inverted throttle valve sensor (DKG)
Hot-film air mass meter (HFM)
Idle speed actuator (LLS)
Electric throttle valve actuator (EDR)
Electric throttle valve actuator (EDR)
Idle speed actuator (LLS)
Inverted throttle valve sensor (DKG)
Throttle valve sensor (DKG)
Hot-film air mass meter (HFM)
Requirement-oriented fuel delivery with variable pressure
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Explanation
Engine
Pressure sensor
Digital Motor Electronics (DME)
EKP module
Electric fuel pump (EKP 1)
Electric fuel pump (EKP 2)
Pressure regulator in fuel tank
In order to be able to make fuel at variable
pressure available to the engine
corresponding to the load status, the DME
activates the fuel pumps by means of the EKP
module such that the required target pressure
is set irrespective of the quantity of fuel
currently used. The target pressure varies
between 3 and 6 bar and can be checked with
a test module based on the target curve.
Manual measurement is no longer necessary.
The fuel control circuit consists of the
following components:
• Electric fuel pumps (EKP)
• EKP module
• Fuel tank with components and line system
2 - System circuit diagram of pressure control circuit
• Fuel pressure sensor
• Digital motor electronics (DME) with the
control logic.
9
7
Activation of the fuel pumps
3 - Block diagram of EKP
module
Index
1
2
3
Explanation
Activation
Power supply
Control logic EKP 1
The DME controls the EKP 1 corresponding
to requirements via the electric fuel pump
EKP.
The EKP 2 cuts in non-regulated in the high
load range. The pressure regulator in the tank
is activated in a variable mode in order to set
the fuel pressure to the target value with the
activated second pump.
The PWM interface is a single-wire interface,
via which the DME activates the EKP module
and therefore varies the delivery capacity of
the electric fuel pump EKP.
10
Index
4
5
6
Explanation
Control logic EKP 2
Output stage EKP 1
Output stage EKP 2
The task of the EKP module is to clock the
electric fuel pump (EKP) via the output stage
with precisely this pulse duty factor. The
deviation of the pulse duty factor between the
input and output PWM signal must not be
greater than 3 %.
This tolerance applies over the entire service
life of the EKP module. The second electric
fuel pump EKP additionally cuts in on reaching
a pulse duty factor of 100 %.
7
Ionic current measurement
For optimized engine management in terms of
exhaust emission and fuel consumption, it is
necessary to establish as accurately as
possible the composition of the combustion
mixture under all engine operating conditions.
A method for achieving this aim is the socalled ionic current measurement. Ionic
current measurement can be used for knock
combustion control and detecting irregular
idle speed (misfiring detection).
4 - Ignition
Index
1
2
3
The ignition spark is triggered by the engine
control unit.
A low voltage is applied between the
electrodes of the spark plug immediately after
the end of the ignition spark and the resulting
current (ionic current) is measured.
The ionic current is measured and evaluated
by the ionic current control unit.
5 - Ionic current measurement
Explanation
Spark plugs
Engine control unit
Ionic current control unit
The combustion progression in the
combustion chamber can be represented by
the combustion chamber or
cylinder pressure curve.
11
7
Ionic current representation
The ionic current progression (curve) is
directly dependent on the cylinder pressure
and the ions in the cylinder.
Index
1
2
3
Explanation
Ionic current maximum by induction
of ignition coil
Ionic current maximum due to
ignition (flame front directly in area
of spark plugs)
The ionic current progression is a
function of the pressure curve
Generally applicable:
Poor combustion => low cylinder pressure
Good combustion => high cylinder pressure
Free ions additionally split off or separate due
to pressure peaks that occur in the
combustion chamber during knocking
combustion. This results in a change in the
ionic current progression (curve).
The ionic current is measured and evaluated in
the ionic current control unit.
The resulting corrections to the engine control
are executed in the engine control unit.
6 - Pressure curve (top) and ionic current (bottom)
12
7
Comparison of ionic current curves
7 - Normal and knocking
combustion
Index
1
2
3
4
Explanation
Firing point
End of ignition
Ionic current
Flame front signal
Index
5
6
7
Explanation
No knocking
Time
Knocking
13
7
Selectivity of maximum engine power output
The POWER button is a ground switch that is
pressed once to enable the maximum engine
power output.
The modes that can be selected with the
button are P400 and P500.
The P500 Sport mode which also selects a
progressive accelerator pedal characteristic
can be configured only in the "M-Drive" menu
and selected via the "M" button on the
multifunction steering wheel.
The P400 setting is assumed automatically
when the vehicle is restarted.
8 - POWER button
9 - M-Drive menu
14
8
System components
DME S85B50
Digital Motor Electronics (DME)
DME control unit Siemens MS_S65
The MS_S65 is equipped with 6 plug-in
modules (combined in two compact
connectors) that are grouped according to
functions.
The ignition output stage as well as the
knocking combustion and misfiring detection
stage have been relocated to the ionic current
control unit.
1 - MS_S65
As on the E60 production vehicle, together
with the intelligent battery sensor IBS and the
alternator, the engine management in the E60
M5 is responsible for the energy management
and the requirement-oriented service BOS).
The transverse acceleration signal is
evaluated by the DSC for the purpose of
drawing off oil.
Date interfaces:
1. PT-CAN
2. Idle air actuator/SMG-CAN
One engine control units controls both
cylinder banks.
3. Throttle valves CAN (DK-CAN)
The firing order is:
1-6-5-10-2-7-3-8-4-9.
5. Interface to CAS.
4. BSD-BUS (alternator and IBS)
Hot-film air mass meter (HFM)
A hot-film air mass meter supplied by Bosch,
HFM 5.0 with CL bypass, is used for each
cylinder bank for the purpose of determining
the intake air mass and its temperature.
The hot-film air mass meter HFM is designed
as a plug-in module and is located in the intake
silencer.
2 - HFM 5.0 with CL bypass
15
8
Fuel pressure sensor
The fuel pressure sensor is located in the front
left wheel arch.
This sensor measures the current fuel
pressure and transfers the value to the engine
management.
3 - Fuel pressure sensor
Electric fuel pump (EKP)
The fuel tank contains two fuel pumps that are
designed as vane pumps.
The fuel filter and the pressure regulator are
positioned in the left half of the fuel tank.
Both pumps are integrated in the right-hand
half of the fuel tank.
4 - Fuel tank with
components
Index
1
2
16
Explanation
Pressure regulator
Fuel filter
Index Explanation
3
EKP 1 and 2
8
EKP module
As on the E60 Series (8-cylinder and diesel),
the EKP module is located on the rear right in
the luggage compartment. The power output
stage of this control unit has been adapted to
the additional pump and the modified control
logic.
Ionic current control unit
The two ionic current control units supplied by
the manufacturer Helbako are mounted on the
front of the cylinder head covers of the
respective cylinder bank.
5 - Ionic current control unit
Crankshaft sensor
The crankshaft sensor registers the engine
speed at the incremental wheel of the ring
gear. The position of the crankshaft is
determined by a tooth gap.
The incremental wheel on the ring gear has a
pitch of 60 - 2 teeth.
The sensor is designed as an inductive
sensor.
Camshaft sensor
Each camshaft is monitored by an individual
Hall sensor.
The sensor wheel is cast onto the camshafts.
Oil condition sensor (QLT)
The oil condition sensor has been adapted
from the N62 and the software
correspondingly adapted.
17
8
Oil pressure switch
The signal from this switch is transferred to
the DME where it is evaluated. In the event of
a deviation from the specified value, the DME
sends a corresponding message to the CID
which in turn displays an associated check
control message.
Oil extraction pump
Two independent return pumps are installed
on the S85B50.
Different from the predecessor model, these
pumps are activated as from a centrifugal
force of 0.8 G.
The pumps extract the engine oil that remains
in the cylinder head and conveys it to the oil
sump.
The DSC informs the DME of the current
transverse force via the PT-CAN.
6 - Oil extraction pump
18
8
Idle speed actuator (LLS)
7 - Idle speed actuator
The two idle speed actuators LLS are
designed as throttle valve actuators and are
located in the V-area.
8 - Idle speed actuator (sectional view)
Index
1
Explanation
Throttle valve
The idle speed actuators communicate with
the DME via the LLS/SMG-CAN.
The idle speed actuators are initialized
automatically when the engine is stationary
and the ignition is ON.
19
8
Throttle valve actuator motor
One actuator motor (EDR) moves five
mechanically coupled throttle valves on each
cylinder bank.
Each EDR consists of an actuator motor with
gear mechanism and electronic control
module. The communication with the DME via
CAN, the control and activation of the actuator
motor and the internal diagnosis functions are
controlled by the electronic control module.
9 - Electric throttle valve
actuator (EDR)
20
8
Throttle valve sensor (DKG)
Two potentiometers are activated per cylinder
bank:
sensors detect the position (angle) of the
throttle valves of cylinder bank 1 and 2.
• One potentiometer for the position control.
It is powered and read by the EDR satellite.
The read value is transferred via the CAN to
the DME. In the event of failure, the affected
unit is switched off.
The two Hall sensors integrated in one
housing feature an inverted characteristic
curve (one raising, one falling).
• A further potentiometer is responsible for
monitoring. It is powered and read by the
DME.
The EDR uses the sensor with the raising
characteristic for position control purposes.
The DME uses the redundant sensor with
falling characteristic to monitor the throttle
valve control.
Both throttle valve sensors 1 and 2 are
designed as double Hall sensors. These four
10 - Throttle valve sensor (1)
Secondary air pump
The electric secondary air pump is
maintenance-free. The integrated filter does
not need to be changed.
The pump is activated by the DME. The
delivery capacity is always at 100 % and is not
controlled.
21
8
Mini HFM for secondary air system
A mini HFM measures the secondary air mass
in the intake pipe of the secondary air pump.
This monitoring facility has proven necessary
in view of the ever lower exhaust emission
values.
11 - Mini HFM
Primary oxygen sensor (control sensor)
The familiar oxygen sensors LSU 4.9 with
continuous characteristic are used as the
primary oxygen sensors (control sensors).
They are installed in the intake funnel of the
near-engine catalytic converters.
Secondary oxygen sensor (monitor sensor)
The secondary oxygen sensors (monitor
sensors) are the already familiar discontinuous
characteristic sensors LSH 25.
Exhaust gas temperature sensor
The exhaust temperature sensors are
designed as NTC measuring elements.
This sensor is mainly used to protect the
catalytic converters.
The sensor can detect temperatures of up to
approx. 1,200 °C.
Pressure accumulator shut-off valve (VANOS)
The shut-off valve ensures that the high
pressure engine oil remains in the pressure
accumulator after turning off the engine.
22
The valve is therefore closed when no power
is applied and is opened on request by the
DME (no proportional opening).
9
Service information
DME S85B50
Electric throttle valve actuators (EDR)
The two EDRs can be used individually.
Following replacement, the limit stops must
be initialized by actively switching terminal 15
for at least 1 minute without starting the
engine.
The DME controls the synchronization with
respect to each other.
Individual throttle valve
The individual throttle valves can be adjusted
individually with respect to each other
DME programming
The control unit can be reprogrammed up to
63 times.
VANOS Pressure accumulator
The repair instructions must be followed
precisely when working on the VANOS
system!
Ionic current technology
The information provided in the repair
instructions must be followed precisely when
replacing the spark plugs as
the spark plugs are an integral part of the ionic
current measuring circuit.
23
9
24
Contents
Sequential M gearbox
SMG 3
Objectives
1
Introduction
3
System overview
5
Functions
13
System components
15
Service information
21
4
Objectives
Sequential M gearbox SMG 3
Purpose of this Participant's Manual
The Participant's Manual is a document
designed to accompany a seminar while at the
same time serving as a source of reference.
This Participant's Manual describes the new
features and further developments of the
sequential M gearbox (SMG 3).
1
4
2
5
Introduction
Sequential M gearbox SMG 3
New 7-speed SMG
A new 7-speed sequential M gearbox (SMG)
has been developed for the E60 M5. The
SMG 3 is designated SMG Getrag 247.
cones in the synchronizer rings that facilitate
shorter synchronization times through their
higher load bearing capacity.
In addition to the special functions such as
launch control, hill ascent assistant, drive logic
and tyre teach-in function, the SMG 3 is the
first sequential M gearbox that has been
specifically developed for automated
operation. The central gearshift shaft has been
replaced by individual selector rods.
Initialization procedures designed to ensure
the system functions precisely may also be
necessary after performing work on the
vehicle that is not directly related to the
gearbox.
The hydraulic gearshift unit is a part of the
gearbox casing and is no longer designed as
an add-on part. Compared to the SMG 2 the
gearshift times have been shortened by 20 %.
Essentially, these shorter gearshift times have
been achieved by individual selector rod
operation and the use of carbon fibre friction
3 It is essential that the information provided
in the repair instructions is complied with for
this purpose. 1
The power is transmitted from the engine to
the gearbox by a dual-mass flywheel supplied
by LUK and a two-disc dry clutch supplied by
Fichtel und Sachs.
3
5
4
6
System overview
Sequential M gearbox SMG 3
The new SMG 3
1 - Selector lever and head-up display in the E60 M5
5
6
2 - Schematic circuit diagram SMG
6
6
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Explanation
Light module
Car access system (CAS)
SMG control unit
Sequential M transmission
Pump relay
Multifunction steering wheel (MFL)
Longitudinal acceleration sensor
Bonnet contact switch
Bonnet contact switch
Selector lever indicator
Door contact switch
Drivelogic switch
Brake-light switch
DME control unit
Accelerator pedal module
DSC control unit
Safety and gateway module (SGM)
Trailer module
Rain/driving light sensor (RLS)
Instrument cluster
Head-up display
7
6
3 - Hydraulic circuit diagram SMG 3
8
6
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Explanation
Hall sensors, selector rod R/1 (redundant)
Working piston
Shift range valve
Hall sensors, selector rod 5/3
Working piston
Shift range valve
Hall sensors, selector rod 2/4
Working piston
Shift range valve
Hall sensors, selector rod 6/7
Working piston
Shift range valve
Proportional valve
Proportional valve
Proportional valve
Shift range valve
Edge-type filter
Electric motor with hydraulic pump
Temperature sensor
Pressure sensor
Pressure accumulator
Clutch slave cylinder
PLCD sensor
9
6
4 - SMG 3
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
10
Explanation
Gearbox breather
Proportional valves
Sensor strip
Shift range valves
Crankshaft sensor
Speed sensor, countershaft
Connection to sensor strip
Connection for valves and electric motor
Oil level plug
Connection - clutch slave cylinder, temperature/pressure sensor
Gearbox oil cooler
Oil filter
Oil pump
6
5 - SMG 3
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Explanation
Clutch slave cylinder
Return line
High-pressure line
Oil level/filler plug
Reservoir
Pressure sensor
Temperature sensor
Hydraulic block with oil pump
Proportional valve
Electric motor
Pressure accumulator
11
6
6 - Two-disc clutch
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
12
Explanation
Drive plate
Intermediate plate
Drive plate
Contact plate
Formed spring
Pressure plate
7
Functions
Sequential M gearbox SMG 3
Special functions
Tow-start
The following procedure must be
implemented to activate this function:
• With the brake pedal depressed, turn the
ignition key to terminal 15
• Select position "N"
• Tow-start/pus-start the vehicle
• Shift selector lever to "S+" and hold in this
position.
The transmission control engages the gear
corresponding to the speed and activates the
clutch.
Hill ascent assistant
Compared to the SMG 2, the hill ascent
assistant function has now been automated.
This means the hill ascent assistant no longer
needs to be selected manually with the minus
shift paddle on the steering wheel and the
brake depressed as was the case with the
SMG 2 but it is now activated automatically
when the transmission system recognizes any
other position than "N".
The hill ascent assistant in the SMG 3 is now
an active system that makes use of the DSC to
control the vehicle via the wheel brakes on
uphill/downhill gradients (clutch load
reduction).
3 Further information on the hill ascent
assistant can be found in the Participant's
Manual "DSC MK60E5". 1
Launch control
The following procedure must be
implemented to activate the launch control
function:
• Vehicle stationary/engine running
• DSC in "OFF" position
• SMG in "S6" position
• Hold selector lever in "Minus" position
• Fully depress accelerator pedal and hold in
this position
The engine speed is controlled at 4,000 rpm
in this function. After releasing the selector
lever, the clutch is applied with defined slip in
order to achieve the best acceleration values.
The SMG uses the front wheel speeds to
calculate and release the slip of the rear
wheels.
If the clutch monitoring logic detects clutch
overheating, the clutch is fully engaged (100
%) in order to protect the components.
• Release selector lever.
Teaching in the axle difference
The teach-in function for the axle difference
must be initiated manually after a change in
the dynamic rolling circumference (tyre
change, snow chains, etc.) of one or several
wheels on the vehicle to ensure correct
operation of the transmission control system.
These differences are also adapted
automatically but with a considerable time
delay.
This function is initiated manually as follows:
• Vehicle speed between 30 and
150 km/h
• Transmission in position "N"
• Brakes not applied
• Pull both shift paddles on steering wheel for
2 seconds.
13
7
Clutch overload protection (KÜS)
The clutch overload protection function (KÜS)
protects the clutch from thermal overload.
The clutch overload protection function
makes use of an arithmetic logic in the SMG
control unit that can calculate the thermal load
of the clutch based on the slip and contact
force.
In the first stage, the clutch overload
protection function reduces the slip at the
clutch. The customer would refer to this as a
"harsh gearshift".
14
The anti-jolt function is activated as a further
protection measure. As a result, the thermal
input at the clutch discs is reduced and the
driver's attention is drawn to the overload
situation.
If the temperature continues to increase, a
warning is triggered in order to repeatedly
draw the driver's attention to the overload
situation. Start-off in 2nd gear is automatically
inhibited when the gearbox warning is
triggered in order to minimise the clutch slip.
8
System components
Sequential M gearbox SMG 3
Transmission ratio of the SMG 3
The SMG 3 is designed as an overdrive
gearbox as can be clearly seen in the overview
of gear ratios.
A special feature of this gearbox is that the
main shaft is mounted in three bearing
assemblies. The third bearing assembly has
been realized by an end shield bolted in the
gearbox casing.
1 - Gear wheel arrangement of the SMG 3
Transmission ratio
Explanation
1st gear
2nd gear
3rd gear
4th gear
Transmission ratio
3.985
2.652
1.806
1.392
Explanation
5th gear
6th gear
7th gear
Reverse
Transmission ratio
1.159
1.00
0.833
3.985
15
8
Gearshift pattern
2 - Selector rods (top view)
Index
R
1
2
3
16
Explanation
Reverse
1st gear
2nd gear
3rd gear
Index
4
5
6
7
Explanation
4th gear
5th gear
6th gear
7th gear
8
Signals and parameters
Gear recognition
The engaged gear is determined in a
contactless arrangement by means of the Hall
sensors on the actuators of the
individual selector rods. The position of the
working pistons is detected.
Reversing light
The redundant sensor system of the 1/R
selector rod detects reverse gear when
engaged and correspondingly informs the
transmission control.
The transmission control informs the lights
switching centre that reverse gear is engaged.
Gearbox oil temperature
The gearbox oil temperature is determined
indirectly via the hydraulic oil temperature
sensor as both temperatures have a linear
deviation with respect to each other.
The SMG control unit uses this temperature
value to operate the electric gear oil pump.
Input speed
The gearbox input speed is determined by a
sensor. This sensor acquires the speed at the
tooth flanks of the gear wheel on the
countershaft.
Clutch slave cylinder
The clutch slave cylinder consists of two
pistons and a spring between the two piston
elements. The second piston is moved
hydraulically. The second piston makes it
possible to bleed the clutch slave cylinder in
installed position without having to open any
screws.
A PLCD sensor (Permanentmagnetic Linear
Contactless Displacement) is arranged
separately in the housing of the clutch slave
cylinder. This sensor determines the exact
position of the release piston.
3 - Clutch slave cylinder
Index
1
2
Explanation
Housing of clutch slave cylinder
Pistons
Index
3
Explanation
PLCD sensor
17
8
The PLCD sensor essentially consists of a
special core made of soft magnetic material.
The entire length of the core is enclosed by a
coil (primary coil) with a further, short evaluator
coil at each end.
A voltage, depending on the position of the
saturated area, is induced in the evaluator coils
when an appropriate alternating current is
applied to the primary coil. Consequently, the
length of the virtual parts of the core and
therefore the position of the saturated area
can be determined in this way.
The SMG control unit powers the sensor and
correspondingly processes, evaluates and
converts the signals.
4 - PLCD sensor
A permanent magnet approaching the sensor
causes local magnetic saturation and
therefore virtual division of the core.
The alternating voltage necessary for this
purpose is supplied by the ASIC (ApplicationSpecific Integrated Circuit) integrated in the
PLCD sensors.
Selector lever
The tasks of the selector lever are:
• To select the ranges D-N-R
• To change the operating modes D <-> S
• To activate launch control
• To activate the tow start function.
Eight Hall sensors determine the selector
lever positions which are sent individually to
the transmission control.
All selector lever positions are based on a
redundant design where a sensor switches to
ground and the corresponding redundant
sensor switches in positive direction to ensure
reliable detection even in the case of failure.
Gearshift paddles
The gearshift paddles can be used to perform
the following functions:
• Upshift and downshift (+/-)
• Manual initiation of wheel circumference
teach-in function (the hill ascent assistant
no longer needs to be activated manually).
• Change of operating mode from "D" to "S"
Drivelogic
The Drivelogic selector switch can be used to
choose between six gearshift programs in
sequential mode and five shift programs in
Drive mode.
The shift speed and therefore the shift
hardness are preselected in sequential mode.
The shift points can be influenced by the
setting in Drive mode.
Brake light switch
For redundancy reasons, the SMG control unit
receives the signal from the brake light switch
and the brake light test switch.
The signal from the brake light switch is used
for:
• Shiftlock function
18
• Brake detection
• Engine start
• Disengaging gear
• DSC activation.
The signal is made available via the CAN.
8
Steering angle
The signal is tapped off from the CAN. This
value influences the automatic function of the
gearbox (gearshift suppression).
Longitudinal acceleration/gradient
This value is determined by the longitudinal
acceleration sensor in the right footwell. It is
used for the purpose of calculating the
gradient.
Wake-up
The SGM control unit assumes standby mode
as soon as the vehicle is unlocked. As a result,
the hydraulic unit generates sufficient
pressure to disengage the clutch if necessary.
Bonnet contact switch
Two switches determine the bonnet status.
The driver is warned if the bonnet is open. The
vehicle can only start off immediately after
engaging the drive stage as the status is
unclear for the SMG.
Door contact
This signal should not be confused with the
wake-up signal.
Information on the door status is sent via the
CAN to the SMG control unit. The gear is
automatically disengaged when the door is
opened.
Trailer operation
The SMG control unit is informed via the CANbus when the vehicle is used to tow a trailer,
consequently activating the shift characteristic
maps for trailer operation.
Engine speed
For redundancy reasons, this signal is made
available via the CAN-bus as well as a
hardware signal. It is used to control the clutch
and to establish whether the engine is running.
Within the safety concept, the engine speed
signal is used to monitor the current status.
19
8
Hydraulic system
5 - SMG with hydraulic unit
Index
1
Explanation
Hydraulic unit
A DC motor drives the hydrostatic pump. The
pump conveys the hydraulic oil via a nonreturn valve into a pressure system while
energy is stored in a hydraulic accumulator.
20
The operating pressure is 75 bar. The
maximum pressure is 90 bar which is applied
only during initialization procedures.
The maximum shift force is approx. 2,500 N.
9
Service information
Sequential M gearbox SMG 3
Initialization
As on the SMG 2, the SMG control unit must
newly adapt and store various parameters
after a component has been replaced in the
area of the clutch or gearbox as well as after
programming.
Clutch teach-in function
This function is used to adapt the clutch to the
characteristics stored in the control unit. The
clutch grab point is taught-in with the engine
running.
This procedure is terminated if a transmission
input speed is already measured during the
fast approach phase as there is obviously a
fault in the system (e.g. bleeding).
The clutch is released and, after the input
shaft has stopped, initially, the clutch moves
quickly close to the grab point and then slowly
approaches the grab point.
If a valid value is measured during the slow
approach of the clutch towards the grab point
this value is stored in the SMG control unit.
Adaptations
It is necessary to check the gearbox
mechanism after replacing a gearbox,
components of a gearbox or the SMG control
unit. The following adaptations are provided in
the GT1/DISplus.
The most important adaptations in the
gearbox are:
• Shift range mid-points
• Valve characteristics
• Transmission characteristics
• Longitudinal acceleration sensor offset.
Shift range mid-points
This function ensures a gear can be
disengaged without previous adaptation of
the transmission characteristics.
Valve characteristics
The shift range valves in the hydraulic system
are designed as proportional valves. Due to
the tolerance scatter in series production, it is
necessary to teach in the offset current of
these valves.
The current at which the corresponding
selector rod begins to move is determined.
This value is stored as the offset current in the
SMG control unit.
Transmission characteristics
In this adaptation phase, the selector rods are
moved to the end positions and the actual
values determined.
The measured values indicate whether a gear
is engaged.
The selector rod for reverse gear is
additionally monitored by a redundant sensor
whose values are also stored.
In addition, the hydraulic pressure is read off at
this selector rod and the selector rod is
monitored to ensure it remains in the end
position.
Longitudinal acceleration sensor
The measured value of the longitudinal
acceleration sensor has a constant offset. This
value is determined when the vehicle is at rest
in horizontal position and therefore the
longitudinal acceleration is zero.
The actual values are permanently sampled.
As soon as a sample value deviates by more
than a reference value, external influences are
assumed and the adaptation procedure is
terminated to ensure no falsified acceleration
values are measured during vehicle operation.
The current consumption of the proportional
valves is determined in both switching
directions.
21
9
Pressure accumulator preload
A function for checking the accumulator
prepressure has been implemented to
facilitate diagnosis for service applications.
The diagnostic procedure evaluates the time
required to discharge the accumulator. The
pressure sensor of the hydraulic unit is used to
measure the pressure.
The SMG control unit still measures the time
required for filling. If a shorter period of time is
22
required to reach the cutoff pressure this
indicates that the nitrogen, which the
accumulator must contain as the preload
medium, has leaked out of the accumulator.
The shut-off valve on the pressure
accumulator is monitored separately.
Contents
Dynamic Stability Control
MK60E5
Objectives
1
Introduction
3
System overview
5
Functions
9
System components
11
5
Objectives
Dynamic Stability Control MK60E5
Purpose of this Participant's Manual
The Participant's Manual is a document
designed to accompany a seminar while at the
same time serving as a source of reference.
This Participant's Manual describes the new
features and further developments of the
dynamic stability control (DSC) MK60E5.
1
5
2
6
Introduction
Dynamic Stability Control MK60E5
MK60E5 from Continental Teves
The E60 M5 is equipped with the Continental
Teves Dynamic Stability Control System
(DSC+) MK60E5.
This system offers the customer further
functions that were not yet realized with the
previous systems.
New functions
• Brake readiness
• Dry braking
• Hill ascent assistant.
Features of the MK60E5
The features of this system distinctly enhance
comfort during control intervention while
facilitating even more precise individual wheel
braking in connection with the analogue
control valves.
With this system it has been possible to
reduce the required braking distance to a
minimum.
The E60 M5 can realize a braking distance of
< 36 m from a speed of 100 km/h.
3
6
4
7
System overview
Dynamic Stability Control MK60E5
Further development of the MK60psi
The MK60E5 is a further development of the
MK60psi, which is currently used in the E87.
The abbreviation "psi" stands for "pressure
sensor integrated" i.e. the two pressure
sensors of the tandem master brake cylinder
(THZ) have been combined to form one
plausibility sensor and integrated in the
hydraulic unit.
hydraulic unit: One pressure sensor that
measures the pressure from the tandem
master brake cylinder THZ and four further
sensors that measure the braking pressure of
the respective wheel brake.
As in the DSC 8.0, the tyre failure indicator
(RPA) is integrated in the DSC functions.
The designation "E5" in MK60E5 signifies the
5 pressure sensors that are integrated in the
5
7
Hydraulics diagram DSC MK60E5
1 - Hydraulics diagram DSC MK60E5
6
7
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
Explanation
Brake fluid reservoir
Rear axle
Front axle (hydraulic connection)
Pressure sensor, push rod circuit
Pulsation damper
Isolating valve
Electric changeover valve
Self-priming return pump
Damper chamber
Accumulator chamber
Front left inlet valve with orifice plate, analogue
Front right inlet valve with orifice plate, analogue
Rear right inlet valve, analogue
Rear left inlet valve, analogue
Rear left outlet valve
Rear right outlet valve
Front left outlet valve
Front right outlet valve
Front right wheel brake
Front left wheel brake
Rear right wheel brake
Rear left wheel brake
7
7
8
8
Functions
Dynamic Stability Control MK60E5
DSC Additional Functions
Compared to the standard DSC features, the
MK60E5 in the E60 M5 has been upgraded
by the following additional functions:
• M Dynamic Mode (MDM)
• Brake readiness
• Dry braking
The following functions are not required on
the M5:
• Performance control (FLR)
• Soft stop
• Fading brake support (FBS)
• Dynamic traction control (DTC).
• Hill ascent assistant.
Operating modes of the MK60E5
In principle, the MK60E5 has 3 different
operating modes:
• DSC ON
• DSC OFF
• M Dynamic mode.
There is no DTC function in connection with
the M5. However, similar to DTC mode,
corresponding control thresholds are raised
by activating the MDM.
M Dynamic Mode can be activated only via the
M-Drive.
M Dynamic Mode (MDM)
MDM gives the performance-oriented driver
the option of driving the car with controlled
float angle and longitudinal slip without DSC
intervening. The control system intervenes
only when the physical limits are exceeded.
The control thresholds are not static but
rather, as the speed increases, they approach
the thresholds of DSC ON mode.
The stability control thresholds are identical as
from a speed of approx. 200 km/h in order not
to overtax the driver in the high speed range.
Brake readiness
The brake response time is shortened during
full brake application by applying the brake
pads to the discs while rapidly restricting the
throttle.
This function ensures that a pressure of
approx. 3 bar is applied for a period of up to
300 ms to the wheel brakes in order to apply
the brake pads already before the expected
application of the brakes. This function
facilitates even more rapid response of the
brakes. The function is active as from a speed
of 30 km/h.
Dry braking
The brake response characteristics are
improved in wet conditions by removing the
water film on the brake discs.
The DSC detects rain and therefore wet brake
discs through the permanent operation of the
windscreen wiper motor.
The dry braking function applies approx. 3 bar
hydraulic pressure to the wheel brakes under
these conditions. This procedure is repeated
every 2-3 km for a period of approx. 3 s when
the accelerator pedal is sufficiently depressed
(> 10 %), the vehicle speed is ≥ 90 km/h and
the brakes were not applied over the last 23 km.
9
8
Hill ascent assistant
Assistance is provided when driving off on
uphill gradients by briefly maintaining a
specific brake pressure in the wheel brakes.
This function is active only when the
transmission is not in "N" position and the
handbrake is released.
DSC ON/OFF has no influence in this case.
The tilt angle (uphill and downhill gradient) is
calculated from the measured value of the
longitudinal acceleration sensor.
After releasing the brake paddle, the braking
pressure is immediately decreased to the
calculated holding pressure which is then
reduced in stages after a maximum time delay
of 0.7 s. The vehicle will start off after approx.
1 s if the driver does not press the accelerator
pedal.
The longitudinal acceleration sensor is
assigned to the SMG system.
This function is also active on an incline with
reverse gear engaged.
The DSC calculates the necessary holding
pressure based on the uphill or downhill
gradient.
Condition Based Service (CBS)
As in the E60 Series, the MK60E5 calculates
and evaluates the condition of the brake pads.
10
In contrast to the E60 Series, the M5 is
equipped with two brake pad sensors on the
front axle.
9
System components
Dynamic Stability Control MK60E5
Differences compared to the MK60psi
The main differences in the design of the
MK60E5 compared to the MK60psi are:
• Analogue valves
• 4 pressure sensors for individual braking
pressure acquisition at each wheel.
Sensors
Sensor system
Active wheel speed sensors
Steering angle sensor (LWS) in steering
column switch cluster (SZL)
Yaw rate sensor
Lateral acceleration sensor
5 pressure sensors
Brake light switch
Brake fluid level switch
Principle
Magnetoresistive principle
Basic sensor, potentiometer
technology
Double tuning fork principle
Capacitive principle
Piezoresistive (change in
resistance in piezo)
Hall principle
Reed contact switch
Manufacturer
Teves
VTI
Control unit
• Add-on control unit
• Integrated semiconductor relay (motor and
valve relay).
Hydraulic unit
• Teves MK60E5
• Front axle
– 2 analogue inlet valves
– 2 high-speed outlet valves
– 1 isolating valve
– 1 changeover valve
• Rear axle
– 2 analogue inlet valves
– 2 high-speed outlet valves
– 1 isolating valve
– 1 changeover valve.
11
9
Pressure generation
• Pump with two differential piston pump
elements
• Operated by means of common eccentric
shaft
Engine intervention
• Ignition timing adjustment
• Charge control.
Interfaces
• CAN-bus interface (F-CAN, PT-CAN).
12
• 250 W pump motor
• ASC and DSC mode: Self-priming return
pump.
Contents
Displays, Indicators and
Controls
Objectives
1
Introduction
3
System overview
5
System components
7
6
Objectives
Displays, Indicators and Controls
Purpose of this Participant's Manual
The Participant's Manual is a document
designed to accompany a seminar while at the
same time serving as a source of reference.
This Participant's Manual describes the new
features and further developments of the
displays, indicators and controls in the E60
M5.
1
6
2
7
Introduction
Displays, Indicators and Controls
Additional Functions
Compared to the 545i, the E60 M5 provides
the driver with additional functions relating to
the displays, indicators and controls as well as
for setting the individual systems.
In the following, the individual elements are
presented as they will be realized at series
launch.
The Owner's Handbook provides general
information on how to use the controls.
3
7
4
8
System overview
Displays, Indicators and Controls
Differences compared to the E60
The M5 instrument cluster is based on the
instrument cluster of the E60 545i. The
changes to the visual appearance and the
additional functions are described in detail in
the chapter System Components.
The head-up display (HUD) has been adopted
from the E60 as the additional functions relate
to the HUD software.
The "M-Drive" menu item in the central
information display (CID) has been created
simply by corresponding software
adaptations.
The M-Drive settings are stored key-specific
in the engine management and are called up
accordingly. The engine management can
store up to 10 different settings in the
memory.
5
8
6
9
System components
Displays, Indicators and Controls
Displays and indicators in the E60 M5
Instrument cluster
The instrument cluster in the M5 is based on
that of the E60 Series. Corresponding
adaptations have been implemented in the
visual appearance and scope of functions for
use in the M5.
• Oil temperature gauge in rev counter
The additional functions are:
• MDM for DSC dynamic mode
• Oil level indication in the on-board
computer
• M-Drive configuration is activated
• SMG display with Drivelogic display.
The M5 instrument cluster additionally
features the following indicator lamps:
• Light ON.
• Lighting at terminal 15 ON
1 - Instrument cluster
Head-up display (HUD)
The "M-view" has been added to the head-up
display. This expansion feature, however, is
implemented only in the software of the HUD
control unit.
The M-view can be configured in the "Display
Settings" menu in the i-Drive or with the
M-Drive and activated via the M-Drive
Manager.
The head-up display in the M-view can show
the following information:
• All warnings
• Engine speed with shift lights in the speed
indicator (not the absolute value)
2 - Head-up display in M-design
• Road speed
• Engaged gear.
7
9
Oil level indicator
The M5 is equipped with an electronic oil level
indicator. The oil level is indicated in the
information field of the on-board computer
(BC) in the instrument cluster.
The average speed information was removed
from the BC menu to accommodate the oil
level indication in the on-board computer.
The display is selected with the BC control.
The sensor is the quality and condition sensor
(QLT) from the E65. The entire measurement
logic is resident in the engine management
MS_S65.
Quick measurement
The quick measurement method provides the
option of measuring the oil level with only a
short time delay (e.g. topping up oil, oil
service).
The quick measurement must be initiated
manually by pressing and holding the BC
button (approx. 2 seconds) in the oil level
indication setting.
The displayed value indicates the quantity of
oil above the minimum level. The value should
be between MIN 0.0 l and MAX 1.0 l.
3 - Oil level indicator
Index
1
2
3
Explanation
Oil level
Maximum mark
Minimum mark
The long-term value last stored is shown after
starting the engine.
Basically there are two different measuring
methods: Long-term measurement and quick
measurement
Long-term measurement
The engine management permanently
measures the oil level and derives the mean
value from the measurement results which is
then shown in the on-board computer.
The DME requires an engine operating time of
approx. 10 minutes to establish a long-term
value.
8
4 - Oil level indication
Index
1
2
3
4
5
6
Explanation
0.6 l Minimum
Minimum
Overfilled (bar full and 1.5 l
displayed)
Maximum
Oil level measurement running
No measured value stored and
measurement criteria not met
Display: 1.5 l means overfilled, the bar
indicator is additionally filled above Maximum.
Values from 1.0 to 1.4 are suppressed.
9
Perform quick measurement
• Park vehicle in horizontal position
• Engine running at idle speed
• Oil temperature above 70 °C
clock symbol indicates that the oil level is
being measured. The clock symbol would
disappear if the engine speed is now
increased. The measurement is continued as
soon as the measurement criteria are met
again.
• Select engine oil level indicator in on-board
computer
The pure measuring time is approx. 60 s.
• Press and hold BC button > 2 s.
The long-term value last stored is deleted with
initiation of the quick measurement.
The oil level display changes and shows only
two dashes (see Fig.) and a clock symbol. The
9
9
10
Abbreviations
ACC
Active cruise control
BC
On-board computer
BSD
Bit-serial data interface
CAS
Car access system
DME
Digital motor electronics
DSC
Dynamic stability control
DTC
Dynamic traction control
EKP
Electric fuel pump
FBS
Fading brake support
FLR
Driving performance control
HDP
High pressure pump
HFM
Hot-film air mass sensor
HVA
Hydraulic valve lash adjustment
IBS
Intelligent battery sensor
KÜS
Clutch overload protection
KW
Crankshaft
Short wave
LLS
Idle actuator
LWS
Steering angle sensor
MDM
M Dynamic mode
MFL
Multifunction steering wheel
PLCD
Permanent magnetic linear contactless displacement
PT-CAN
Power Train Controller Area Network
RLS
Rain/driving light sensor
RPA
Tyre puncture warning
SZL
Steering column switch cluster
THZ
Tandem-brake master cylinder
ZMS
Dual-mass flywheel
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