Ralink | 150N wireless adapter | User`s manual | Ralink 150N wireless adapter User`s manual

Panda Wireless®
802.11n Wireless USB Adapter
User’s Manual
Version 2.5
Copy right © 2014 Panda Wireless, Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Panda Wireless User’s Manual
Federal Communication Commission Interference
Statement
T his equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
T hese limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation. T his equipment
generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, th ere is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an e xpe rienced radio/T V technician for help.
T his device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) T his device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the
user's authority to operate the equipment.
T he device has been evaluated to meet general RF exposure
requirement. T he device can be used in portable exposure
condition without RF restriction.
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1.
Introduction
T hank you fo r purchasing the Panda Wireless ® 802.11n Wireless
USB Adapter. T he Panda Wireless Adapter is easy to use and easy
to setup. If you ha ve been tired of dealing with all those messy
wires to connect a laptop or PC to office or ho me netw ork, this
Wireless adapter is an ideal access solution for wireless Internet
connection.
A typical Internet access application for the USB wireless adapter is
shown as the following diagram:
T here are two different ways to access Internet:
1. With a wireless adapter, receiving and transferring signal via a
wireless router, then passed to an ADSL modem, then to local ISP
(Internet service supplier) through a telephone line.
2. With a wireless adapter, receiving and transferring signal via
local AP (Access Point) or so called WiFi Hotspot directly.
2.
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
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Package Contents:
One Panda Wireless 802.11n Wireless USB Adapter
An installation CD
User’s Manual
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Product Warranty
Panda Wireless warrants to the end user (“Customer”) that this
adapter will be free from defects in workmanship and materials,
under normal use and service, for twelve (12) months from the date
of purchase from its authorized reseller. Information in this
document is subject to change without prior notice.
3.
Installation
T o install the driver of the USB adapter, please log into a user
account with the administrator’s privilege before you follow the
installation instructions below:
Tips: Please upgrade your Windows computer to the latest
Service Pack from Microsoft. For example: the latest Service Pack
for Windows XP is Service Pack 3. Please send an email to
support@pandawireless.com if you don’t know how to upgrade
your Windows computer to the latest Service Pack.
For Windows XP :
T he system will detect a new hardware has been added, and start
the “Found New Hardware Wizard”. T hen click on
“Cancel”.
1) Please insert the CD into your CD -R OM drive. Go to the
Windows folder on
the
CD a nd double
WinInstallerPandaUSBAdapterV1.x application.
Notes: T he contents in the CD are out of date when
click
on
you receive it.
You can get the latest drivers and manuals on the Panda Wireless
web site: www.pandawireless.com.
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1) Follow t he instructions and p rompts of the “I nstalls hield
Wizard” to finish the driver installation:
a. Select the “I accep t the ter ms of the licen se a greeme nts”,
then click the “Next”.
b.
Select “Install driv er only” if you want to connect to your own
router or “Install driv er and Ralink WALN utility” if you want to
setup the adapter as the WiFi Hotspot on your computer and then
click the “Next”.
Tips:
1).T he Windows XP utilizes a "Wireless Zero
Configuration( WZC)" Service built into the operating system.
Many wireless network adapter cards utilize this service.
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2). Ralink- the chipset manufacturer has developed an utility for
setting up wireless connection. If you select this item, you can
switch between the Windows XP’s WZC service and the Ralink
WLAN utility service later.
c. Click the “Install” to confirm the installation, there shows the
installation progress.
d. Click “finish”
to finish the driver installation.
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For Windows 7:
Once the wireless USB adapter be plugged into an USB port, the
flowing message will appear on screen .
T he following installation procedures are similar to those of
Windows XP .Please refer to the installation steps for Windows XP.
For Windows 8:
T he installation procedures are similar to those of Windows
XP .Please refer to the installation steps for Windows XP.
4. Wireless Connection
For Windows XP :
1) After finishing driver installation, insert the USB adapter to
Notebook or PC that supports USB 2.0/1.1 interface.
Remarks: Make sure to connect the adapter to an USB port on
your computer directly rather than an USB hub. Although it might
work when connecting with an USB hub, the likelihood of
configuration problems will be higher.
2) T he system shows a wireless utility icon in the Windows system
tray, which locates in the bottom-right corner of your
computer screen, and pops up a message that indicates a new
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hardware is found and installed, something like this:
3)
Before you begin, ensure WZC is enabled, by right-clicking on
the Ralink icon
in the task bar in the bottom right corne r of your
screen.
In the menu that appears, select “Use Zero Configure as
Configuration Utility” to use Windows wireless management feature,
Windows Zero Configuration (W ZC ) helps to manage your Wireless
Network Connection.
4)
Right click the icon and then select “View Available Wireless
Networks” to launch the utility, the Wireless Network Connection
window appears and displays your wireless network listed with the
SSID you chose.
Notes: Before configuring your WiFi access, you need to have
your network’s SSID (service set identifier), security key and
authentication type handy. Check the documentation coming with
your router, ask your network administrator to get the information.
5) If you don't see your network, click “Refresh network list” in the
upper left corner. If you are locating within the valid range of WiFi
Hotspots or wireless routers, all available networks will be
recognized and listed automatically. Click your preferred network,
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and then click “Connect” in the lower right corner.
6)
If the network security key hasn’t been inputted before,
Windows XP prompts you to enter the network’s security key to
access the wanted SSID. T ype the encryption key that you wrote
down earlier in both the Network key and Confirm network key
boxes, and then click “Connec t”.
Tips: If there are
free WiFi Hotspots, simply select the network
you want from the list displayed, then click Connecting. It tries to
launch your Internet browser —you should be connected to the
Internet.
If there is a paid WiFi Hotspot, signing in or up will require either to
enter your login information-if you‘re an existing customer, or to
enter your credit card information for payment, it is just decided by
you. T hen clicking the Connecting, your default Internet browser
will launch and take you to the service provider’s login page. Most
providers have very simple and step-by-step instructions for you to
sign up and then to be connected. Another way to access the
service provider’s login page is to simply launch your Internet
browser, if there’s a pay network available, you’ll be taken directly
to the login page.
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1) After the installation of Ralink utility, the system shows a
special wireless utility icon in the Windows system tray, which
locates in the bottom-right corner of your computer screen:
2)
When an USB wireless adapter is inserted into an USB 2.0/1.1
port of Notebook or PC, the icon changes colors according to the
wireless signal quality.
3) Double-click the icon or right click the icon and then select
“Launch Config Utility” to launch the utility, the RaUI window
appears like
T he Ralink wireless utility starts in compact mode as shown
above, provides profile management, the available networks
listing, a statistical counter display, Wi-Fi multimedia (WMM),
protected Wi-Fi setup, Cisco compatible extensions (CCX), call
admission control (CAC), radio controls, Ralink driver/utility
information, and help functions. Clicking the expanding icon
can change to the full mode as shown below:
I n this utility, there are two
applications can be selected : the
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Station mode and AP mode .

Station mode (Client mode) : it is the default
access way , the USB wireless adapter services as a client to
access Internet through other router or AP.

AP mode : it sets the USB wireless adapter as an AP,
which allows the other users can connect to Internet through your
computer. Before using the mode, it must be available that an
existed Internet connection via wire Ethernet connection or by 3G
wireless connection.
Tips: Point the cursor to the Ralink icon location on bottom-right
corner of your compute r screen, right click the mouse, from the pop
up list, you can select the station mode or AP mode.
4) Below are the steps to connect to a wireless network using the
Ralink Utility.
a. Open the Ralink Utility by double-clicking on the Ralink Utility
icon in the taskbar.
b. T he Ralink Utility appears ,by default connected to an available
open wireless network. C heck the name of the network to which
y ou are connected. If this is the correct network, no
f ather steps are required.
c.
T o connect to an alternative network ,click the Available
Networks button.
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d.
In the Available Networks window that appe ars, select the name
of the network to which you are connecting. T hen click the connect
icon
and wait several seconds while the Utility sets up a
connection.
e.
T he Ralink Utility automatically detects and displays the
security settings of the network to which you are connecting in the
Profile Setting screens. If the Utility shows that WPA-PSK or
WPA2-PSK security is detected as shown Below , click the right
arrow to save your settings.
f.
In the screen that displays, in the ‘WPA Pre shared Key’
field ,type a security key, the same as that used by the AP or
wireless router to which you a re connecting. Click the right arrow to
save your settings and connect to the network.
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g.
Once you are connected the avaliable Networks shows the
status of your connection.
For Windows 7:
Notes : Windows Zero Configuration (WZC) is not
necessary in Windows Vista, Windows 7 or higher
version OS, you can use WZC and the Ralink Utility
to manage the adapter simultaneously .
1) Click on the wireless networks icon in the task bar in the
bottom right hard corner of your screen to display the available
wireless networks.
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2)
Click the “Connect”button to connect to the select network .
3)
If your network has wireless security Configured, enter the
required setting. T he following is an example only, your network
setting may differ
4)
T he success of your connection is indicated by the wireless
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network icon.
Notes :T he steps of using the Ralink Utility to connect to a
wireless network is the same as those described in Windows XP .
In addition to station and AP mode, there is the Client + AP Mode to
be selected in windows 7 as well.
Which means: other wireless devices connect to -> Soft-AP of
the adapter -> the adapter (Client mode with Internal ICS
sharing )-> connect to other AP or router -> Internet.
T his mode lets you use the adapter both as a Soft-AP and client at
the same time. Switch to this mode, you can let a wireless adapter
be connect to a wireless (Soft-AP) with Internet connected, and let
others adapter be indirectly connect to Internet via the Soft-AP
wireless network.
For Windows 8:
1) Click on the networks
icon in the task bar in the bottom right
hard corner of your screen to display the available wireless
networks.
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2)
Click the “Connect” button to connect to the selected network.
3)
If your network has wireless security configured, enter the
required setting. T he following is an example only, your network
settings may differ.
4) You can select turn on sharing or connect to device or not.
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5)
The success of your connection is indicated by the wireless
network icon.
Notes :T he steps of using the Ralink Utility to connect a wireless
network is the same as those described in Windows XP .
In addition to station and AP mode, there is the Client + AP Mode to
be selected in windows 8 as well.
Which means: other wireless devices connect to -> Soft-AP of
the adapter -> the adapter (Client mode with Internal ICS
sharing )-> connect to other AP or router -> Internet.
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T his mode lets you use the adapter both as a Soft-AP and client
at the same time. Switch to this mode, you can let a wireless
adapter be connect to a wireless (Soft-AP ) with Interne t connected,
and let others adapter be indirectly connect to Internet via the
Soft-AP wireless network.
For more details about the RaUI utility, please read
the help information of the utility by clicking the
tab
5.
Tips for Wi-Fi users
With a Wi-Fi connection, you can roam about 150 m around the
access point (depends on different environment), so find a spot
where you can work without any interruption. T hen see how
much work you can do, such as:
 Easily and quickly receive and transmit files within your local
network — no problem for big files.
 Access your email and surf the web with the same speed as
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

6.
that connected with network cables.
Synchronize data between devices.
T ake advantage of wireless printing — send files directly
from your laptop PC to a wireless printer over Wi-Fi
connection.
Warning
Wi-Fi offers greater speed and range than Bluetooth, but it
drains your portable device batteries a lot faster than Bluetooth
does. In fact, if you use a Wi-Fi connection regularly on your
laptop PC, you'll undoubtedly notice that you need to recharge
more often. If you need to conserve battery life — on a long trip
for example — turn off your Wi-Fi connection when you don't
actually need it.
7.
Security
Because wireless networks rely on radio signals to transmit
data, they are not as secure as wire network. Wireless networks
are susceptible to viruses and breaches like eavesdropping and
need to be protected in order to be secure.
T here are many security measures to safeguard wireless
networks, protect the data, and keep unauthorized users out of
WiFi Hotspots, on the other hand, are often free of standard
security practices in an effort to make it easy for anyone to
connect. It may be found that some paid WiFi Hotspots
administered by service providers offer have some level of
security, however, when using a WiFi Hotspot, it’s always a
good idea to be proactive and to employ security measures of
your own.
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8.
Terminology
Wi-Fi: Short for “wireless fidelity,” a generic label that refers to
wireless networks or networking.
WiFi Hotspot: A specific geographic location in which an
access point provides public wireless broadband network services
to mobile visitors through a WLAN.
Throughput: The amount of data transmitted in a set amount of
time.
Bandwidth: the amount of data that can be carried from one
point to another in a given time period (usually a second).
Tx Power: T he transmit power measured at the terminal without
antenna be considered. Should the antenna gain be
considered ,the EIRP value is mentioned.
Dual Band: Normally means 802.11b/g/n works in 2.4GHz
frequency band or 802.11a/n works in 5GHz frequency band.
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9. Specifications (Typical):
Protocol and
IEEE 802.11b/g or 802.11n
Standards
Interf ace
USB1.1, USB2.0
Frequency
2.412~2.4835GHz (Depends on
Band
dif f erent countries’ regulation)
Note: The actual data rate is
af f ected by a lot of factors in your
env ironment. Please send an email
to support@pandaiwreless.com if
y ou have any question.
Data Rate
For 802.11n – 150Mbps:
Peak rate: 150Mbps
For 802.11n – 300Mbps:
Peak rate: 300Mbps
Transmit
Power
Data Security
Power
Consumption
Transmission
Distance
802.11n: 14dBm.
WEP 64/128 , WPA, WPA2, 802.1X
It depends on different adapter
models, there are two typical
v alues: 330mA and 110mA in full
Transmit (TX), 290mA and 95mA in
f ull Receive (RX) .
Indoor up to 100m, outdoor up to
300m (Standard transmission
distance, it is affected depending
on dif f erent environments).
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Env ironment
Operating
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Panda Wireless User’s Manual
Operating Temperature: 0°C~50°C
Storage Temperature: -20~70°C
Operating Humidity: 10%~90%
non-condensing.
Storage Humidity: 5%~95%
non-condensing.
It supports Windows XP/Vista/7/8;
Mac OS X 10.4-10.9;
Ubuntu/Mint/Fedora Linux.
(Please send an email to
support@pandawireless.com for
more detail).
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