Dream Catcher | Grand Banks 49 Classic | Operating instructions | Dream Catcher Grand Banks 49 Classic Operating instructions

“Dream Catcher”
A 49' Grand Banks Classic
Operating Manual
Edition of March 27, 2013
Copyrighted. See notice next page.
Section
Contents
1
Introduction & General Description
2
Important Vessel Numbers
3
Operating Checklists & Maneuvering Suggestions
4
Specific Discussion of Boat Systems
5
“What to Do” for Some Specific Concerns
6
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
7
Index
Warning!
This notice is a part of this manual, and is placed here to warn you as an owner, crew
member or passenger on this vessel that the author of this manual assumes no responsibility
for any errors or omissions herein, and represents only that the writings and illustrations herein
represent his “best efforts” to provide a comprehensive overview of the vessel, so that it can
be operated by a person who has the necessary experience and/or training to operate such a
vessel given the additional information herein.
You should be aware that this operating manual is provided as a convenience to the
owner(s), crew members and passengers on this vessel, and is not complete in every detail.
Given the complexity of this boat and its systems, there is no way that all conditions,
contingencies, and operating details can be covered, both because of space limitations and
because of ordinary oversight as contingencies are speculated upon by the author. Likewise,
it is possible either through oversight and/or changes in the vessel as a result of additions,
modifications, or deletions to or of equipment since publication of this manual, that items
discussed will operate differently than described, be absent from the vessel, or be added to the
vessel without discussion in this volume.
As a vessel owner, crew member or passenger on this vessel, you are here at your own
risk, and the author of this manual has no responsibility for your actions whatsoever. If you do
not feel competent to undertake any or all operations detailed herein, do not undertake it/them;
get help from a competent person.
I thank you, (and my lawyer thanks you.)
Joseph D. Coons
Copyright 2011 Joseph D. Coons
This manual was written for this boat’s owner and it’s charter company by Joseph D. Coons, 1220
Birch Falls Drive, Bellingham, WA 98229, tel (360) 647-0288. All rights reserved. This manual may
not be quoted, copied, or duplicated, in whole or in part, in printed or electronic form, without
express written consent from the author.
About the Author
Joe Coons is a retired AM-FM broadcasting station owner and computer systems corporate
executive who throughout his life was involved in communications and mechanical, electrical, and
electronic systems. He cruised his own boat on the Hudson River and Lake Champlain when a
teen and in his early twenties, and during the 70's and 80's accumulated some 2,500 hours as an
instrument-rated private pilot. Beginning in 1986 he became seriously involved in boating as a
boat owner, subsequently working in a “retirement career” as a broker, also commissioning
vessels, operating a charter fleet, checking out boat charterers, and training new power boaters.
He has held a 50-ton Coast Guard Master’s license, and operated his own boats and a substantial
number of others from 26 to 70 feet in the near-coastal waters of Washington State, British
Columbia, and Alaska. His “helm time” exceeds 8,000 hours. In addition, he has trained hundreds
of boaters in the skills of vessel operation.
Section 1: Introduction & General Boat
Description
1A: About This Manual
1A1: Manual Objective and Limitations
This manual is intended to introduce you to “Dream Catcher”, its systems, and features,
allowing you to operate it with the confidence and self-assurance necessary to enjoy your
cruising vacation to its fullest. It is not intended to replace a basic understanding of
seamanship, including navigation skills, weather interpretation or boat handling. You are
expected to have an understanding of these subjects obtained through other sources,
including training, seminars, reading and perhaps most important, experience.
There is no way that a small manual like this one can answer every question or give you a
solution to every circumstance, foreseen or unforeseen. If you have a question which limits
your understanding or handling of this vessel, ask the owner, a specialist, or contact the JetTern Marine/Grand Banks company offices for details (you might make a list of questions as
you read the manual, saving them all up to ask at one time).
1A2: How the Manual is Organized
The manual is divided into six sections numbered “1" to “6" plus an index (Section 7).
Within each section are subsections lettered “A” to “Z” as required.
In section 4, which deals with the specific information about the vessel’s equipment and
systems, the manual is organized by major categories, such as “Anchor”, “Dinghy, Davit &
Outboard”, “Fresh Water System”, etc.
Note that within “Electrical Systems” are the “AC Electrical System” and “DC
Electrical System” as sub-categories, and within them are such items that are
a part of each, such as “Inverter”, “Generator”, etc.; Likewise, all electronic
equipment is in the “Electronics” section.
A complete index is at the back of the manual in Section 7.
Section 1A: About This Manual 1.1
1B: General Description of this Vessel
1B1: Exterior
Flybridge, Cockpit, Side & Forward Decks
The Grand Banks 49' Classic is a
traditional yacht design, with fiberglass hull, cabin,
and flybridge structures, a teak swim step, teak
decks, gunwale caps, and teak and stainless steel
welded fittings and handrails. The windows, for the
most part, are sliding glass panes. Of particular
note are the easy walk-around decks, enabling
safe, secure passage about the boat by the crew.
A portion of the cockpit.
There is a roomy cockpit section with ample
storage in the lazarette beneath, and on the side
decks are the two fuel fills, the water tank fill, and
the two waste pumpout locations.
Walk-around decks.
Forward on the bow deck is the anchor
windlass with foot switches allowing chain
movement both ”up” and ”down” electrically. The
The anchor windless on the bow.
Shore power cable is connected.
anchor is retracted into the bow pulpit, which
hangs out over the bow to give good chain
clearance from the hull; this pulpit is strong and
braced, easily supporting not only the anchor
during hauling, but also an attending crew member
if necessary. After passing over the winch, the
chain goes below decks into the chain locker.
Looking in the Lazarette.
Stern shore power inlets.
There are shore power connections at the stern
and bow with adjacent fuse holders. A shore
power switch in the electric panel selects these. (When this cable is to be disconnected, the
switch should first be turned OFF to avoid arcing, which could damage the plug contacts.) The
boat’s 50-amp shore power cable is 50 feet long; an extra 30-amp cable is also supplied.
A bow locker stores the anchor bridle, windlass emergency handle, and spare lines.
Section 1B1: General Description - Exterior 1.2
The aft cabin supports the dinghy on the
starboard side. Tie-down straps hold the dinghy in
place. The dinghy is lifted with an electric hoist
from a strong davit with a windlass controlled by a
plug-in remote control.
Up five steps from the deck is the flybridge, with
seating for crew and passengers in two tandem
seats, each seating four passengers (for a total of
eight); both have storage beneath. Within the port
storage compartment is the galley propane tank
and spare tank. To starboard, you will find extra
life jackets.
Forward is a console holding atop it the
flybridge electronics and within it, substantial
storage for canvas, and/or seat cushions to port,
and the upper helm station to starboard. In
addition to instruments and controls, the console
has a sliding door revealing more electronics,
including a large fold-out radar console. On the aft
end of the flybridge to port is a large Igloo cooler
for extra iced storage.
The flybridge console has a full complement of
instruments including navigation, communications,
and engine controls.
The aft cabin top with the dinghy, its motor. Notice the lifering.
Looking to starboard on the flybridge. Above the wheel are the
engine controls, compass, and to the wheel’s right are engine
switches, etc.
The control console has helm and engine instrument to starboard,
depth sounder, fish finder, and Navnet displays above, and the
VHF radio, large radar (white panel tips out), autopilot control,
hailer and heating controls behind a sliding door.
To port, tandem seating for passengers and access to the storage
area under the console.
Section 1B1: General Description - Exterior 1.3
1B2: Salon & Helm
Main Deck
The boat is entered by side doors, port or
starboard. These doors are fitted with
deadbolt locks, and in addition have
stainless catches affixed to the cabin sides
to hold them open. The ”hold-open catches”
should be engaged manually, not just by
”slamming the doors open” to avoid damage
to the catches by bending, or the doors by
banging. The doors should be closed when
underway except at very low speeds in calm
waters to avoid getting salt water inside.
Looking forward to starboard in the salon.
Salon:
Forward of the starboard door is the helm
station with electric switch panels adjacent on
the starboard side, electronics panel above
with warning lights, windshield wiper switches,
speed log and depth sounder, etc. On the
helm is the ship’s radar; computer with
Coastal Navigator plotting and wireless
mouse; NavNet display, etc. [Note: Storage
for charts is in the plastic tubs in master
stateroom port side hanging locker; chart
books, tide tables and sailing directions are in
the chart drawer under the port side on the
Master Stateroom berth.]
Salon, aft to starboard. Note large table with fold-up leaves seating six.
Section 1B2: General Description - Interior 1.4
Aft of the helm is a
cabinet with a dry bar,
drawer, locker, and an
icemaker. The locker to
right of the icemaker
holds the flares, first aid
kit, spotlight (with
charging adapter) and
davit control cable.
Please feel free to
Forward face of cabinet just aft of the salon helm.
use what you need
Note icemaker, cabinets and drawers. Wine cabinet is
from this first aid kit. It
in the top.
is on the honor system.
If you need it, use it. If you deplete an item’s supply,
please make sure you replace it or notify us at the end of
the cruise so we can replace it for the next time it is
required.
Further aft to starboard in the salon is a large L-settee
[picture on preceding page] with a table in front that has
leaves allowing it to easily seat six for meals. At the aft
end of the settee to midships, a cabinet holds the stereo
AM-FM radio and entertainment supplies.
To port aft in the salon are the doorway to the Master
Stateroom; a storage cabinet; the port-side entry door; a
cabinet with numerous drawers and shelves for galley
items, the TV and DVD/CD player; and the back side of
the galley “L”’s cabinets.
The aft salon cabinet. The davit cable is stored in one
of the drawers.
Port aft of salon.(TV & DVD are now located here.)
A look at the lower helm station.
A helm cabinet stores various manuals, navigation
tools, and other items needed by skippers and
navigators.
Section 1B2: General Description - Interior 1.5
Galley:
Forward of the port-side salon
cabinet and settee is the galley. The
galley has an propane stove/oven, a
large stainless sink; a deepfreeze, a
refrigerator; and a large microwave.
There is extensive storage under
and over the galley counters, and
additional storage is under hatches in
the #2 guest stateroom hold under
the cabin floor. The compartment
under the counter beneath the
windshield on the port side forward of
the stove is for dish storage. The
under-seat cabinets on the flybridge
also can be used for food if desired.
Galley: Fridge to left of drawers; deepfreeze access is in left ell of counter or back side.
This entire surface to right of the stove lifts for copious galley storage!
Upper galley cabinets.
Section 1B2: General Description - Interior 1.6
1B3: Passenger Accommodations
Both the forward and aft cabins are down
several steps below the salon. The VIP Guest and
#2 Guest cabins and head compartment are
forward, while the Master Stateroom and its head
compartment is aft.
Master Stateroom
The aft (master) stateroom is down a few steps
in the aft end of the salon.
This master stateroom features a queen-sized
island berth, beneath which are drawers including
a spacious and efficient chart drawer. To each side
of the berth are tables with cabinets beneath, as
well as storage lining the vessel’s exterior walls on
each side. A vanity/desk is aft to port beneath the
emergency exit hatch. There is a fire extinguisher
and flashlight mounted above the port cabinets by
the hanging locker.
Forward to port in the aft cabin is a huge
hanging locker for clothing.
Master stateroom, looking aft to starboard.
Master Stateroom Head
Compartment
Master S/R, looking aft to port. Note emergency hatch above bed
table. Note drawers on both sides of the berth and corner desk!
Forward to starboard in this stateroom is a
head compartment with toilet and level indicator for
the starboard holding tank, a sink/vanity,
numerous cabinets and drawers, and the stall
shower. There are switches to turn the fan on for
the heating system for the outlets in the head and
shower, as well as switches for the shower drain*
An emergency ladder is in the
This view shows, to right, the
and electric head. You will also find
“drawer” under the hatch.
hanging locker doors.
ample storage space for your toiletries
and extra towels, etc. in the head.
* The shower drain switch also
supplies DC power to a special
accessory keel bilge pump (rarely
needs to be used) that has a
switch under the engine room
hatch shown in section 1B4. This
switch should be “off” at all times;
operate only with specific
Across from the sink is a
Peeking into the head compartment.
instructions from NWE!
roomy shower compartment.
Section 1B3: General Desc'n: S/R's & Heads 1.7
VIP Guest S/R
All the way forward, the bow
guest stateroom includes two
large V-berths. Storage includes
plenty of drawers, cabinets and
hanging locker space for crew
clothing. A large overhead hatch
and side opening windows provide
plenty of light and ventilation in
this spacious cabin. When first
The sumptuous forward V-Berth has a cushioned insert to
getting acquainted with the boat,
make it queen-sized plus.
take the time to put the ladder
that’s behind the door in place so
you can see how to use the overhead hatch as an exit.
Also note the fire extinguisher and flashlight beside the
hanging locker.
A chest of drawers is to stbd of
the V-Berth; a hanging locker is
to port.
Guest Stateroom #2
The starboard guest cabin, down the steps and just
forward of the lower helm station (just aft of the VIP guest
stateroom) has two single berths, with a hanging locker
between. There are drawers beneath each berth.
Windows as well as a large overhead hatch provide lots of
light in this cabin.
In the floor between the berths there is a storage
compartment with a drain sump for the washing machine.
This view of one of the #2 Stateroom guest berths also
shows the edge of the roomy hanging locker.
Guest Head
Moving aft from the forward stateroom to port is the
forward head compartment with its own stall shower, electric
head, tank level indicator for the forward holding tank, and a
basin with vanity; we like to leave the hatch open slightly all the
time when not underway for ventilation. You will also find the
switches for the electric head and drain pumps by the sink. If you
have a cool morning, be sure to turn the fan switch on as heat
will be provided if the furnace main switch is on and any
thermostat calls for heat.
A look inside the guest head. There is a
shower compartment here as well.
Section 1B3: General Desc'n: S/R's & Heads 1.8
1B4: Engine Room & Utility Room
Preferred access to
the engine room is through
either the floor hatch by the
helm seat in the salon
leading directly to the Engine
Room, or by going forward
and lifting the stairs at the aft
end of the companionway,
which will lead you through
the utility room first. AC and
The salon floor engine room hatch. Note strap to hold it
DC breakers in the ship’s
open. You may prefer entering by the forward stairs.
power panels turn on the
lighting for both; with the AC
breaker on, the AC lights are controlled by a switch under the
forward, starboard corner of the hatch. The rooms have full
stand-up height to access all engines and systems.
Note: If you are going to be in the engine room a
long time, use the under-stair access and
leave the hatch down to prevent falling in!
Looking down the E/R companionway steps
Assuming you enter from the
companionway, you will pass through the Utility
Room. To starboard is a small sink, then the
Washer and Dryer. On the opposite wall there is
a cabinet for supply storage. On the aft wall a
door leads to the engine room.
The hand-washing sink.
In the engine room, as you proceed aft,
you will see the forward bulkhead ladder from the
salon hatch with an AC outlet immediately to starboard of it; a
The electric washer in the Utility
handheld fire extinguisher, and the wiring interconnection panel, under
Room.
which is the horn air compressor and a connection for an air hose
(stored in the 20kw generator compartment). On the wall is the
starboard engine’s coolant expansion tank, and below it are that engine’s seawater strainer.
Moving aft from the wiring panel are “black boxes” for the electronics, the dinghy davit main
switch (normally “ON”) and then the boat’s NewMar battery charger. Mounted on the floor
outboard of the engine is the 8KW, first of two, Westerbeke generator; just above and aft of is
an air conditioning air handler.
On the aft bulkhead of the engine room, to starboard, is the sight tube showing the fuel
level in the starboard tank, and by it, and engine room exhaust fan. Just inboard of these is
the “room” that houses the 20KW, second, Westerbeke Generator and the two small batteries,
one each used to start each Westerbeke.
Below the generator room is a worktable, and below it are the fuel manifold and a
number of thru-hulls/sea strainers for the air conditioning cooling water, the generators’
cooling; and salt water wash-down water. A large electric pump provides air conditioning
Section 1B4: Gen'l Desc: Engine & Util. Rms 1.9
water. Mounted on the bulkhead itself are several battery main on-off switches for the starting
and propulsion batteries, all clearly marked. Also on the wall under the table is the fuel
manifold.
At the aft end of each engine is its transmission, with the shafts exiting the hull through
PSS dripless shaft seals. Morse control cables control the reverse gears. Alongside and
inboard of each engine are the primary fuel
filters. (Each engine has a secondary fuel
filter, and lubricating oil filters, mounted
directly upon it.)
Aft of the port engine, a switch
labeled “PARALLEL” is used only in the
event a start battery is dead (it combines
starting and house batteries, and should
very seldom, if ever, be needed. Be sure to
start a generator and have the chargers
and inverter running first before turning it
on! As soon as the engine starts, return the
switch to “OFF”.
On the port hull side shelf are the
refrigeration and air conditioning
compressors, the Invertor with a battery disconnect immediately below it, and the McCarron
charger. Beneath the shelf the large red tank is the heating system expansion tank. Forward
of these are another outlet, the heating system circulating water manifold and valves, and the
furnace itself alongside the Utility Room wall.
Forward of the port engine is its coolant expansion tank, its sea strainer/thru hull, and
the built-in engine fire extinguishing system. A hose with fresh water faucet attached is also
here.
Section 1B4: Gen'l Desc: Engine & Util. Rms 1.10
1B5: Dinghy
The boat is equipped
with a 10 foot-6 inch
Achilles tender which is a
rigid-Hull,
inflatable-pontoon boat
and is fitted with a
Yamaha 15hp four-cycle
electric start outboard
motor and portable fuel
tank.
Another view of Dreamcatcher’s dinghy.
1B6: Deck Equipment
The boat has mooring lines (extra are in the box locker); a
stern/shore line at least 300' long in the lazarette; main anchor with
all-chain rode on the bow pulpit; emergency anchor with chain & line
rode in the lazarette; fenders/bumpers; a hose for fresh water tank filling
and boat washing in the lazarette; and a boat hook stored on the side
rail.
1B7:
The bow locker. The stainless
loops on each side hold fenders
when underway.
Boarding Ladder, Swim Step
The boat has a teak swim step at its aft end. This step is
fitted with a sturdy, rugged swim ladder. To lower the ladder
(which slides up and down), slide it up, swing the retaining lever
out of the way, then lower it carefully. To raise the ladder, lift it
until it is high enough for the latching posts to clear its catches,
and swing it back under the posts.
Swim ladder. Arrow points to latching
mechanism.
Section 1B5-7: Gen'l Desc: Dinghy & Deck Eq. 1.11
1B8: Safety Equipment
Anchors
There is a permanently-rigged anchor on the bow pulpit and a spare anchor with an
anchor rode in the lazarette
Fire Extinguishers
Handheld units are in the forward and aft
stateroom, by the starboard salon door, and in the
engine room. There is an automatic fixed system in
the engine room, also fitted with a remote control on
the aft face of the cabinet adjacent to the port salon
door to the side deck.
Engine room extinguisher
remote activation control.
First Aid Kit
It is in the salon in the cabinet to right of the ice maker. Another is
with common first aid items is in a tool-box type container in the midships
cabin.
Salon fire extinguisher.
Flares
In the salon in the cabinet to right of the ice maker.
Life Preservers/PFD’s
There are life vests in the cabin hanging lockers and under the
flybridge starboard seat.
Life Raft
Dream Catcher is fitted with an emergency life raft. It is housed
in a canister on the sun deck adjacent to the steps from the side deck.
Emergency Life Raft
Pumps, Bilge
Two electric automatic (controls in the upper DC breaker panel)
plus one manual in the salon.
VHF Radios
There are VHF’s at each helm station, plus two handheld VHF’s.
1B9: Detailed Manuals
Operating manuals for the electronics are in the starboard cabinet above the lower
helm station; technical and detailed operating manuals for the rest of the ship’s equipment are
in plastic tubs in the lower cabinets to starboard in the Master Stateroom.
Section 1B8: Gen'l Description - Safety Eq. 1.12
Section 2: Important Vessel Numbers
Vessel Name:
Dream Catcher
Vessel Official Number: 699247 (This number is on the side of the hull in the port lazarette.)
Hull ID Number
GNDE0058H5H5
Capacities:
Sleeps six:
Two in each stateroom
Fuel:
1000 Gallons in two 500 gallon tanks
Fresh water:
500 Gallons in two tanks
Holding Tank:
70 Gallons in two tanks
Dimensions:
Length Waterline:
48 feet 9 inches
Length Overall:
50 feet 6 inches
Beam:
15 Feet 5 Inches
Draft:
5 Feet 1 inches
Displacement:
Est. 71,000 pounds full load
Fluids:
Motor Fuel:
#2 Diesel
Motor Oil, mains:
15W-40 Chevron Delo Multigrade
Transmission Oil:
30-weight Chevron Delo
Engine Coolant:
50-50 mix, ethylene glycol & water; corrosion inhibitor added
Operating Parameters (Estimated):
RPM
Speed
Fuel Consumption
Naut. Miles/Gallon
1200
6.0 Knots
3.5 GPH
1.72
1500
7.5
5.0 GPH
1.50
1800
10.0
8.5 GPH
1.17
2000
10.5
12.0 GPH
.88
2400
11.5
16.5 GPH
.70
Section 2: Important Vessel Numbers 2.1
(Intentionally left blank)
Section 2: Important Vessel Numbers 2.2
Section 3: Checklists & Maneuvering Suggestions
3A: Operating Checklists - Dream Catcher
First Thing Each Day
9 Check engine oil, coolant.
9 Check under-engine oil pads. Okay?
Q Check fuel tank levels
9 Check holding tank indicators. Need pumping?
9 Turn off anchor light if illuminated.
Starting Engines
9 All lines clear of propeller and on deck.
9 Items running on AC evaluated vis-a-vis the Inverter and Generator (page 4.13).
9 Battery selector switch remains “On”
9 Throttles at idle, shift levers in “neutral”
9 Appropriate DC breakers (including Engine “Stop”) "On".
9 Engine breakers "On" in turn
9 Push start buttons in turn
9 If an engine does not turn over, see “What to Do If”.
Leaving Dock (Only 3-4 minute engine warmup required!]
9 Shore power switch “Off”.
9 Shore power cord removed, stowed on board.
9 Step stool aboard, if used.
9 Fenders hauled aboard and stowed.
9 Lines and other deck gear secure/stowed.
9 Doors and hatches, acrylic panels closed and secured as appropriate.
Underway
9 Helmsperson on watch at all times.
9 Synchronizer “On”.
9 RPMs under 1400 until engines warm to 140°; RPM never to exceed 2400 RPM.
9 Wake effects always in mind.
Approaching Dock
9 Fenders out on appropriate side.
9 Synchronizer “Off”.
9 Bow line OUTSIDE stanchions and bloused around toward midships.
9 Engines dead slow.
9 Mate ready to secure stern first (in most circumstances).
Section 3A: Operating Checklists 3.1
Arriving at Dock in Marina
Q Lines secure, including spring lines.
Q Step stool out, if needed.
Q Water heater breaker off until Inverter current settles (see “Inverters” below).
Q Shore power cord connected, AC Power Selector to “Shore”, Shore Power Selector to
power cord location.
Q Shore power confirmed on meter, Inverter “On”.
Q Electric use monitored for current capacity of shore facilities.
Arriving at Mooring Buoy
Q Skipper puts starboard end of swim step, with mate on it, next to buoy.
Q Mate loops 20' or so line, such as bow line, through buoy ring.
Q Mate holds two ends together, walks up side of boat to bow of boat.
Q With buoy held close to bow, line secured to each bow cleat through hawsepipe.
Mooring at Anchor
Q Anchor is lowered from pulpit while boat is backed up slowly away from anchor.
Q When desired chain length out (4:1 or 5:1 scope), windlass is stopped.
Q Engine reversed for “count of five” until chain pulls up virtually straight. Note: The boat
is not held in reverse against a taught anchor chain!
Generator Starting/Stopping (either generator)
Q Hold “Preheat” switch for 15 seconds, then while holding...
Q Hold “Start” switch until it starts (if it does not start, repeat “preheat” step)
Q Check outside exhaust for water flow.
Q After one minute for warmup, turn Generator Selector from “Off” to “8KW” or “20KW"
and the AC Power Selector to “Gen”
Q Stopping: Turn power selector from “Gen” to “Off”, wait 1 minute for cool-down.
Q Hold “Stop” switch until stopped.
Overnight Checklist in Marina
Q Shore power “On”.
Q Inverter “On”.
Q If air cond. or dryer is to be used, you may need generator. Review pg. 4.13.
Overnight at Anchor or Buoy
Q Anchor light “On”.
Q DC electrical items all “Off” including radios, extra lights, etc.
Upon Arising
Q If at anchor or buoy, Inverter only “On” if necessary.
Q Start a generator if necessary for battery charging or air conditioning or dryer
Q Inverter “On” if shore power available or generator running.
Q Turn on heat if necessary.
Q Go to top of this Dream Catcher checklist.
Section 3A: Operating Checklists 3.2
3B: Maneuvering Suggestions
3B1: Docking & Undocking
Because of its substantial weight, this boat is predictable! Take advantage of its
momentum/inertia: you will find that if you maneuver slowly and thoughtfully you can maintain
control at all times.
Before undertaking docking in a "tight" space, practice with the boat in open but
protected water to get the "feel" of the boat. Don't let the skipper's ego get in the way of safe
operation, and remember, if the slip is too tight you can always dock somewhere else! And
don't forget the boat's overall length is over 50 feet! Operating from the flybridge is usually best
until you are very familiar with the boat because of its much better visibility.
You should usually dock "bow in"; remember, the stern is what is turned by the rudder
or engines, so you should "point the bow where you want it" when entering a slip, then swing
the stern as necessary.
Remember, too, that the rudder is normally effective only when the prop is going
forward. Use the engines only to steer in a harbor, not the rudders except when extreme wind
conditions require it.
3B3: Anchoring
Anchoring can be accomplished safely with a minimum of fuss if you are prepared. Or,
if you are not ready, it can be stressful and dangerous for you or the boat.
Before attempting to anchor, select an anchorage with a soft bottom such as sand,
mud, or gravel, if possible. Look at the charts and cruising guides for tips on good locations.
Then, choose the spot in the anchorage where you have room to “swing” on the anchor
without disturbing other boats. Remember, responsibility for leaving room goes to each
successive boat to arrive, for the first boat has priority in the anchorage!
Here in the Northwest, because of the deep waters, all-chain rodes and small bays, we
anchor a little differently than in the Gulf of Mexico or Carribean, for example. First, except in
severe weather we use anchor chain scopes of only 4-to-1 or 5-to-1. For example, in water
that is 40 feet at low tide in the typical anchorage, we might use 160 feet of chain unless the
weather was to be gale force or greater winds.
Second, because of the small bays and steep bottoms, we often rig a shore line from
the stern of the boat to shore. The best example of this would be at Todd Inlet at Butchart
Gardens: Here is a bay that can accommodate 8 - 10 boats, yet it is only about 150' wide and
200' long! Boats attach their bows to the mooring buoys or, in a few cases, anchor; and then
their sterns are secured to rings provided in the steep cliffs overlooking the bay. Boats are
thus perhaps only 15-20' apart, side to side.
Third, boats often will “raft” side by side in busy marinas, although this is not very
common.
Fourth, courteous boaters will call vessels coming into busy bays and offer to let them
raft to the same buoy, if signs on the buoys do not limit usage to only one boat depending
upon length.
Anchoring safely requires two persons, one at the helm maneuvering the boat and one
Section 3B: Maneuvering Suggestions 3.3
on the bow operating the anchor. Putting the bow of the boat over the spot where the anchor
is to be placed after checking the depth on the depth sounder, the windlass foot-switches are
used to lower the anchor slowly toward (but not onto) the bottom, by watching the chain
markings. The chain is 400' long, marked as follows:
10'
Red-Yellow-Red Stripe
50'
Yellow Stripe
100'
Red Stripe
150'
Yellow Stripe
200'
Red Stripe
250'
Yellow Stripe
300'
Red Stripe
350'
Yellow Strip
375'
Red-Yellow-Red
When the anchor is about to reach bottom, the boat is backed away by putting the
engines into reverse for 5 seconds: eddies from the chain indicate motion. Resume lowering
the anchor while drifting backwards (watch the eddies and add another burst or reverse if
necessary!) until the desired amount of chain is out. Stop paying out chain. Engage reverse
for five seconds at a time until the chain starts to pull straight off the bow toward the anchor. A
straight chain indicates a “set” anchor!
NEVER pull on the chain for more than five seconds, and never at any
engine RPM other than idle! Putting the boat’s weight plus its horsepower
on the chain forcefully even at idle will bend the anchor and/or damage the
mooring gear!
If while checking the set, the chain rumbles and clunks, and seems to release in bursts,
it means you're anchoring on a rocky bottom and the anchor is not holding. Be patient: it may
not set on the first try, and you'll have to repeat the process sometimes to get a good “set”.
Section 3B: Maneuvering Suggestions 3.4
3B4: Shore Lines
When a shore line is required, anchors are set 75 - 100 feet from shore, with the boat
backing toward shore during anchor-setting. The stern line is put around a tree, and brought
back to the boat. During this process, be sure to keep clear of rocks near the shore, and allow
for our Northwest tides, occasionally twelve feet, and sometimes 20 feet when further north!
Check the present tide, and high and low tides before beginning anchoring: No sense
anchoring in 15 feet of water if you're at the "top" of a 15 foot tide!
To get to the shore, you will need to have a dinghy down, and then have your mate
keep the boat's stern toward shore with short bursts of reverse gear. Sometimes a helpful
boater already anchored will help you by taking your line to shore for you with his dinghy, a
neat "good deed" that you might reciprocate. We've met some nice boaters this way!
The shore line is in the lazarette, and is long enough to usually allow taking it to a tree,
around it, and back to the boat so you don't have to go ashore to untie when leaving. With a
crew member keeping the boat in position, take the dinghy to shore pulling the end of the
shore line with you. Pass it around a tree, and pull it back to the boat if you can, since then to
get away in the morning all you have to do is release the bitter end from the boat, and pull it
aboard. Pull the line tight, as long as you've got over 100' total of line out: there is plenty of
sag/stretch, and we want to keep the boat in its area! If necessary, put a crab pot float or
fender on the line to warn others it’s there!
Here is a sketch of a properly anchored boat with a shore line (In this drawing, S=Scope,
which should be at least 4 x DL, the Depth at Low Tide):
Section 3B: Maneuvering Suggestions 3.5
(Intentionally Left Blank)
Section 3B: Maneuvering Suggestions 3.6
Section 4: Specific Boat Systems & Operations
This section of the operating manual will discuss each of the boat’s systems. The systems
and major components discussed are in alphabetical order as follows:
4A: Anchor & Ground Tackle
4K:
Fresh & Waste Water Systems
4B: Barbeque
4L
Fuel System
4C: Bilge Blowers
4M: Furnace/Air Conditioning
4D: Bilge Pumps
4N:
Galley & Appliances
4E: Dinghy, Davit & Outboard
4P:
Head Systems
4F: Electrical Systems, AC
4Q: Running Gear (Props, Shafts, Syncronizer)
4G: Electrical System, DC
4R:
Safety Equipment, Wipers, W/S Washer
4H: Electronics
4S:
Sea Strainers & Thru Hulls
4J: Engines, Synchronizer &
Transmissions
4A: Anchor & Ground Tackle
4A1: Anchor Bridle
There is an anchor bridle stowed on the boat in the forward deck storage box. Use
it when anchoring overnight, as it accomplishes three goals:
! It takes the strain of the anchor off the windlass, pulpit, and pulpit pulley and
directs it to the bow cleats which are more suited to hold it;
! It reduces substantially the “chain noise” transmitted to the occupants of the
forward cabin;
! It allows the anchor rode to have a lower angle relative to the sea bottom, thus
increasing the anchor’s holding power.
To use the bridle:
! Lower the anchor normally (see page 4.2) then, after it is set,
! Hook the bridle on the chain just in front of the anchor pulpit bow roller;
! Then secure the bridle rope ends through the side-coaming hawse pipes, to the
bow cleat on each side so the bridle lines are equal in length and as long as
possible;
! Last, operate the windlass to pay out anchor chain so the chain slacks and is
supported by the bridle, the chain forming a loop right in front of the boat’s bow.
If you wish, you can pay out additional chain to form a long hanging loop between
the boat and bridle, which weights the chain down in front of the boat well below its normal
path; thus the chain itself becomes a “kellet” or “sentinel”, lowering the chain angle more than
the bridle alone. The weight “drooping” the chain down like this then forms a an even more
effective “snubber”, so the boat is gently held against the pressures if wind and tide.
Section 4A: Anchor & Ground Tackle 4.1
4A2: Anchor Chain Locker & Anchor Jams
Anchor Handling:
The anchor is forward on the bow pulpit, raised and lowered by the electric windlass.
The chain goes then into the chain locker through the chain pipe behind the chain wheel
(“wildcat”). From here, the chain goes into a compartment just forward of the bow locker.
Be careful when using ths equipment! If a crew member is operating the
windlass keep fingers, hands, arms, etc. away from the chain!
Use the foredeck foot switches, not the helm switch, so you can see
where the chain is going and be sure it is clear of the boat properly
when raising or lowering the anchor!
Lowering anchor:
The windlass does not force the anchor to lower, it only brakes its fall! If the chain
jams while lowering anchor, it is because one loop of the chain on top of the pile has fallen
inside another loop of chain when the chain may have shifted. There is no way the chain can
be tangled; do not ever need to disconnect it! One way to disentangle the chain is, while
wearing gloves, grasp the chain on the forward side of the windlass, and, while lifting it above
the wildcat manually, rapidly yank it up and down. This will usually free it. If this “yanking”
technique fails, look into the chain locker to un-overlap the layers of chain in the pile.
Hauling anchor:
The anchor is both raised and lowered by the windlass. The chain goes from the
windlass below into the chain locker through the chain pipe behind the chain wheel (“wildcat”).
It is a reality that anchor chains often stack in a perfect cone when
being hauled in, and the top of the cone then may block the entry
pipe (hawse pipe) so the full chain cannot be hauled. Therefore, it is
a good thing when the cone-stack falls over, so more can be put into
the chain locker. You may have to send a crew member to the
forward stateroom to open the chain locker and actually knock the
chain over as it is being brought in!
Be careful when dealing with the chain! Be especially careful to keep
fingers, hands, arms, etc. away from the chain! Use a windlass
handle or broomstick to deal with the chain without fingers or hands
near it or the windlass.
4A3: Anchor Chain Measurement
The chain is measured by marks on the chain. The markings are as follows:
10'
Red-Yellow-Red Stripe
50'
Yellow Stripe
100'
Red Stripe
150'
Yellow Stripe
200'
Red Stripe
250'
Yellow Stripe
300'
Red Stripe
350'
Yellow Strip
375'
Red-Yellow-Red
Section 4A: Anchor & Ground Tackle 4.2
4A4: Anchor Windlass
The anchor on Dream Catcher is raised and lowered by a Lofrans
Tigres Windlass on the bow pulpit. The windlass is controlled by foot
switches at the bow. The control circuit breaker for the windlass is on the
windlass breaker panel on the starboard side of trhe salon helm console.
The windlass raises/lowers the anchor. A large handwheel is the brake.
If the windlass should fail to operate when its foot switches are
Windlass panel by lower
operated, trouble-shoot as follows:
helm. (This also feeds the
dinghy davit windlass!)
• Be sure the windlass breaker and switch are “on”;
• If the breaker/switch was on, try the manual up/down switch at
either helm (if this works, use these switches instead of the foot switches until
the foot switches are repaired);
• If the manual switches don’t work, you can quickly determine if the windlass itself
has failed: Remove the back cover from the windlass and, with a voltmeter,
check to see if while a switch is depressed, there is DC voltage on it’s terminals;
if not, check the actual wires themselves where they connect to the windlass, for
the windlass uses so much current that sometime the connect — though it
appears tight — may have failed. If there is voltage on the wires, tighten the nuts
firmly on the terminals.
Ratcheting collar.
Insert bar in this
hole. (Collar can be
rotated by hand to
usable position.)
Brake Wheel
Motor Clutch.
Insert handle to
loosen; then
further tighten/
loosen by hand.
•
If all this fails, use the manual cog to engage the teeth on the windlass to keep
the wildcat from letting out chain while you loosen the clutch on the starboard
side of the windlass. Then put the handle in the collar on the left side, and
“ratchet” the windlass up with the handle, tightening the clutch after each lift to
keep the chain from slipping back.
4A5: Anchoring & Stern/Shore Line: See Section 3B.
Section 4A: Anchor & Ground Tackle 4.3
4B: Barbeque
Dream Catcher carries a propane barbecue which mounts on the port side sundeck
handrail near the steps from the port side deck. Its tank is nearby on the railing.
To operate the barbecue:
1. Be sure the propane tank valve is on;
2. Turn the valve to the right of the grill to “High”
3. Press the igniter button or use a “propane match” to light the grill.
4C: Bilge Blowers
The boat has bilge blowers controlled by “engine room fan” breakers in the AC panel
at the lower helm. These blowers are not generally needed in the cool Northwest; they would
be used in hot weather such as in southern latitudes, or to moderately cool the engine room
when an operator has to be in it when the engines are, or have been recently running.
4D: Bilge Pumps
The boat has two bilge
pumps, one in each bilge area, each
controlled by a “mode” switch in the
DC Circuit Breaker panel by the lower
helm. There is a breaker here for each
of the pumps, as well as the mode
switches.
Each breaker (red arrows), in turn, goes to a switch in the breaker panel
labeled “Manual”, “Off”, or “Auto”, and these switches (green arrows)
should be left in the “Auto” position.
When in “Auto”, the pump is controlled by its float switch.
When set to “Off”, the pump will not run (this position is used in case the float switch
will not turn off when all the water has been pumped due to a defective float switch.)
When set to “Manual”, the pump is running without regard to the float switch. This is
used by the operator to check the bilges, to drain water below the range of the float switch,
and to bypass the switch in case it is defective.
Section 4B-4D: BBQ, Bilge Blowers & B.Pumps 4.4
4E: Dinghy, Davit & Outboard
4E1: Davit
The boat uses its mast and boom to
launch the Dinghy. This is expedited by an electric
windlass that serves as the actual hoist. To use it:
1. Get the remote control from the
low cabinet by icemaker in the
salon.
2. Plug in the remote control to the
receptacle under the
The davit control socket is forward of the dinghy on the cabin wall.
overhang by the
mast above the
sundeck;
3. Remove the
tiedowns on the
dinghy;
4. With the hoist cable
engaged in the
dinghy bridle, hoist
the dingy and swing
it over the water
while a crew
member holds the
dinghy using the
dinghy’s bow painter;
the bow should now
The dinghy about to be lifted. Note hoisting bridle.
be facing aft;
5. Paying out the hoist
cable, have the crew member lead the dinghy back to the swim step;
6. Ease the cable (windlass out) and unhook the bridle from the dinghy.
7. Important: Take in the cable and hook the bridle around a rail so that the
hook doesn’t flail around while it is unattended.
To bring the dinghy aboard, reverse this process.
Section 4E: Dinghy, Davit & Outboard 4.5
4E2: Dinghy
The dinghy aboard this boat is
an 10'-6" Achilles hard-bottom
inflatable boat.
For safety, and compliance
with U.S. rules, there should
be a life jacket aboard the
dinghy for each passenger
aboard whenever the dinghy
is at sea.
Please be careful when pulling
the dinghy ashore on beaches to
minimize damage and scratches to
the bottom. Dragging can be reduced
by two persons if one is on each side.
The dinghy in its chocks on the sundeck. Arrow points to davit windlass remote control
connector receptacle under overhang.
Don’t “Ram” the beach; you can
bump up to the beach gently and step
ashore over the bow, pulling the dinghy a little more ashore as each person off-loads. Don’t
forget to raise the outboard!
4E3: Outboard Motor
The outboard motor for the dinghy is a four-stroke, electric
start Yamaha 15hp outboard. It uses plain fuel. Do not mix oil
with the gasoline supply!
To check the oil, remove the engine cover by operating
the latch at the back of the motor. You will see the dipstick and
fill cap on the starboard side. If oilk is required, it is stored in the
lazarette. Be sure to replace the cover, hooking the front
carefully so the rubber gasket is in place. Re-latch the back of
the cover!
The motor has an automatic choke.
Motor with cover off, stbd side looking
down. Arrows point to oil fill (above) and
dipstick (below).
Outboard Operation:
Check the oil before use (see above).
1) Be sure engine is lowered and engine is shift lever is in “neutral” Clip the red safety
lanyard to your clothing and the stop button.
2) Pump fuel line bulb until it resists your squeeze.
3) To start the motor, press the start button.
4) From neutral, push control lever forward or back to engage gears and twist throttle
to control speed.
Section 4E: Dinghy, Davit & Outboard 4.6
4F: Electrical Systems, AC
4F1: AC Generators
The ship’s two Westerbeke generators provide 20,000
watts (“20KW Generator”) and 8,000 watts (“8KW
Generator”) of AC power to the vessel and are used for
battery charging, heating hot water, the washer/dryer, all
air conditioning, and operation of incidental AC
appliances.
The generators are in the engine room. It is important
to check each generator’s sea strainer (see section 4S1)
to be sure they have not accumulated substantial debris
while the generators were run for extended periods,
particularly at anchor.
Generators: (Above) 20KW. (Below) 8KW.
Generator Selection:
Before starting either generator, determine which you
will need. Unless you are using the air conditioning, or
using a combination of the Dryer, and water heater, you
most likely will only need the 8,000 watt generator, #2!
(You have a guide to evaluation of required wattages on
page 4.13 of this manual.)
Starting a Generator:
The generator control panels are at the top of one of
the AC control panels. Use them as follows:
1) Press the preheat switch and hold for 15
seconds;
2) While holding in the preheat switch, push the
start button until the generator starts (but no
longer than fifteen seconds); when it is started
and running (the green light will light), release
the two switches.
Westerbeke Control Panels.
See warning under “Generator Problems, below!
3) Check the generator exhaust, or listen for it to confirm that cooling water is being
pumped from it.
4) After a brief warmup of a minute or so, set the generator selector in the AC panel to
the correct generator, then switch the shore power switch in the AC power panel to
“Gen”. You should see the “AC Present” pilot light go on!
(More next page...)
Section 4F: Electrical Systems, AC 4.7
Generator Exhausts:
Each generator has an exhaust outlet just above the
waterline midships under the aft spray rail. The 20KW
generator exhausts to port, the 8KW to starboard. You will
want to be careful with generator use when you have
“rafted” Dream Catcher to another boat when anchored!
Stopping a Generator:
1) Switch the Shore Power switch to “Off”. This
20 KW exhaust is on the port side...
removes the load for the generator and allows it
to cool down.
2) After at least a minute of cool down, press and hold the lower stop switch down
(toward the stop sign) until the generator comes to a complete stop.
Generator Problems:
The generators monitor their own operation, a loss in oil pressure or any overheating. If
either occurs, the generator shuts itself off, and will not keep running when you try to restart it.
Before repeated starting, shut off sea water supply to avoid waterlocking the engine! Then, remember to turn it back on when the
generator starts!
4F2: AC Inverter System
The Inverter Makes AC from DC...
As we said, the Inverter system is used to provide
AC to the boat when there is no shore power. It is
wonderful, for example, to use the inverter to make a pot
of coffee when the engine is running and you are
underway, or to watch TV in a quiet anchorage, or use a
hair dryer for a few minutes in the morning. But for longThe Inverter, port side of the Engine Room.
period use of AC by large appliances, the engine or
generator must be running or you must have shore power
available.
Now the microwave, for example, will draw about 50 amps of DC when using the
inverter to run it, so in six minutes you use one-tenth of an hour at 50 amps, or five amperehours. That's okay. But what if you want to cook a roast for 30 minutes? You would use up a
lot of energy on that one job alone! That’s too much use for the inverter, and the propane
stove or oven should be used.
For a short task, the inverter is great: no starting the generator, no noise, no fuss, the
power is there. If the engine are running, use it all you wish, as long as you don't try to do two
huge jobs at once: The inverter produces a maximum of 2,500 watts of energy at a time. So
the inverter is only wired to the refrigerator, icemaker, Webasto furnace circulating pump, AC
outlets, and the microwave. It will not run the water heater, battery chargers, washer or dryer.
Section 4F: Electrical Systems, AC 4.8
...It is also a Battery Charger, Making DC from AC!
The Inverter can also do the reverse: If there is AC power available from a shore-side
source or the generator, it can recharge the house batteries. The battery charger function
receives that power through the “Inverter Battery Charger” breaker on the AC panel. Since
this breaker must be “On” for the batteries to charge using AC power, and you will want to
charge the batteries at every opportunity, we suggest that you leave it “On” for the duration of
your cruise.
As noted above under the “Connecting Shore
Power” section, be mindful that the Inverter can draw a lot
of current when charging the batteries, especially when
first activated upon connection to shore power. Thus, you
need to be careful not to overload a shore power circuit
by running other high-draw AC appliances at the same
time. Monitor the AC Ammeter to make sure the load
remains below the available current as determined by the
shore power service from the marina, normally 30 amps.
Inverter control button to right of lower helm.
Inverter Operation
The inverter is controlled by a single button with a light in it (see illustration just above).
The light indicates the inverter’s status.
BUTTON LIGHT SHOWS
Steady
Blinking Slowly
Blinking Very Rapidly
No Illumination
MEANING OF BUTTON LIGHT
Inverter is making AC from the batteries
Inverter is charging the batteries
Inverter is not charging, and nothing is using it’s AC-making capability
Inverter is Turned “OFF”
Remember the important note above under “Connecting/Disconnecting Shore Power”: The
inverter, if on, will draw a lot of current when bulk charging, so be careful not to overload a
shore power circuit.
In summary, the inverter should be on whenever shore power is present or the generator is
running, and it may also be left on when underway. It is a good idea to leave the Inverter on
all the time, being cautious to turn off at their breakers any equipment which might run the
batteries down when you are not tending the boat; in this way, you will run critical equipment
but reduce the risk of running down the house batteries just because someone left some AC
appliance plugged in and forgotten.
Note: Only the breakers in the panel illustration on page 4.10 with an
asterisk (*) are powered by the inverter!
Section 4F: Electrical Systems, AC 4.9
4F3: AC Breaker Panels
Note: The electric panels must be photographed at
an angle because their surface is so reflective.
The nerve center of the AC electrical system
are the AC circuit control panels by the wheel.
Upper, “Breaker” Panel
On the panel with the circuit breakers, just as in
your home, some of these switches are true “circuit
breakers”: they feed power to somewhere in the
boat where there is another switch which, in turn,
turns the item on and off. An example of this would
be the Master Stateroom Lighting circuit breaker: If
the breaker is turned off, the lights won’t work
unless they are turned on with the switches in the
stateroom.
But some of the other breakers are the only
switch for the item. An example of this would be the
McCarron Charger breaker: It’s circuit breaker is
the only controlling power switch.
On the next page is the list of the breakers how
they're used. Because a 50-amp cable has two
“hot” leads, there is a column telling which of these,
circuit #1 or circuit #2, powers the item.
Lower, Generator/Switch Panel
This panel has the controls for each generator
(see 4.7). In addition, there are
•
A Reverse Polarity Indicator (See 4.12)
•
Hour Meters for the generators;
•
Pilot Lights to show that power is on the two
circuits;
•
A Metering Selector Switch to determine
which of the two circuits the AC voltmeter and
ammeter (see next page) is registering.
•
The Power Selection Switches (see 4.12) for
the boat’s supply.
These two panels control all AC power on the vessel.
Section 4F: Electrical Systems, AC 4.10
“B”=Used as breaker
“S”=Used as switch AND breaker
”*”=Also powered by the Inverter
TOP AC PANEL (PANEL TO RIGHT OF LOWER HELM WHEEL)
Breaker
Use
Breaker
Use
Left Side of Panel
Circuit 1 Master
1
B
Breaker for this entire side
Fwd Cabin Aircon
1
S To compressor for forward cabin
Aft Cabin Aircon
1
S To compressor for aft cabin
Right Side of Panel
Circuit 2 Master
2
S Beaker for this entire side
Aircon Pump
2
S Turns on AC water pump.
Must be on when using AC.
(Spare)
1
Saloon Fwd Aircon
2
S To compressor for fwd salon
Washer
1
B
To clothes washer
Saloon Aft Aircon
2
S To compressor for aft salon
Dryer
1
B
To clothes dryer
Engine Room Fan
2
S Turns on cooling fans
Start & gen charge
1
S To Newmar charger
E/R & F/B Outlets*
2
Inverter
1
Water Heater
2
Port Outlets*
1
Utility Room Outlet*
2
B
To outlet in utility room
Icemaker*
1
Microwave*
2
B
To microwave outlet
McCarron Charger
1
Starboard Outlets*
2
B
To outlets stbd side of boat
Refer*
2
B
To refrigeration thermostats
B
To inverter (see4.8)
S To outlets port side of boat
B
To icemaker outlet
S To McCarron charger
B
To E/R & F/B Outlets
S To hot water heater
Pilot Light
Water Heater On
Green = Always leave on
Blue = Leave on when Aboard
If Lit: Water Heater is on
Yellow = Use only when Needed
4F4: AC Metering
Just forward of the starboard salon door is
an analog AC Voltmeter and a digital AC ammeter.
These measure the voltage and current being used
by the boat from either of the two power circuits,
depending upon the meter selector switch in
the AC panel illustrated on page 4.10..
In the photo, with the “Ammeter/Voltmeter”
switch set to 1, we have a reading of 119 volts, and
it is drawing 11 amps of current. To read the
voltage and load on the other circuit, we would
throw the switch to “2". When you are checking
voltage and current, remember to check both sides!
Currents should not exceed the amperage of the
shore outlet or the source.
A warning light has been added below
the ammeter showing the status of the
automatic engine room extinguisher.
The AC Voltmeter and ammeter.
The fire extinguisher status light has been added below the
ammeter.
Section 4F: Electrical Systems, AC 4.11
4F5: AC Power Selector Switches
The lower AC panel to the right of the lower
helm wall has three selector switches:
“GENERATORS SELECTOR”
This switch determines which generator
is supplying power, if any...
“AC POWER SELECTOR”
This switch determines whether (1) the generator selected by the “Generators
Selector” is supplying the boat, or (2) the shore power inlet selected by the “Shore
Power Selector is supplying the boat...
“SHORE POWER SELECTOR”
This switch determines which Shore Power receptacle is supplying power, if any.
4F6: AC Reverse Polarity Indicator
Although we tend to think of AC Electricity as having only two conductors, it actually has
three. One of these is called “neutral”; one is “hot”; and one is “ground”, that is, it is supposed
to be the same as the water around the boat and the earth ashore. The vessel and many of
its appliances rely upon these connections having the correct “polarity”, or relationship to one
another and the earth; this is essential to be sure that users of AC equipment do not get a
shock when touching and AC equipment.
Now in a house ashore, it’s easy: We don’t “plug in” the house, for it stays connected
to the utility company all the time! But in a boat when in the harbor, we do plug in using our
Shore Power cords (and sometimes using extension cords). If the outlet to which we plug our
cord or if the cord itself is mis-wired, then these connections can become mixed up, and there
is a significant chance of getting a shock or a chance that running gear outside the boat will be
subject to corrosion because the boat, immersed in sea water, a good conductor of electricity.
To protect the vessel and its crew from such contingencies, a “Reverse Polarity
Warning” light on the lower Generator Control Switch Panel will illuminate when the connection
turned on.
If any “Reverse Polarity” light should illuminate when connecting to Shore
Power, immediately disconnect the cable and contact the harbor master
advising him/her of the problem. Do not risk shock or system damage!
The “Push to Test” button should light the “reversed polarity Bulb” to test it.
4F7: AC Shore Power, Disconnecting & Connecting
The large selector switches on the AC metering panel are used to determine the source
of AC power for the boat (see above). At least one of these switches should be “OFF”
whenever you are connecting or disconnecting the boat to shore. This is true so that you do
not draw an arc from the plug due to the load of the boat on the connector’s pins: such an arc
will burn the contacts and eventually cause them to overheat when in use, creating a fire
hazard.
Once connected to shore power, monitor the AC voltmeter and ammeter — both
Section 4F: Electrical Systems, AC 4.12
circuits — to be sure you have not overloaded the circuit.
Important Note: If the house batteries are low when you first hook up to
shore power, and the inverter is turned on (as it should be), the inverter will
begin charging its batteries at a very high charging rate, drawing a lot of
shore power current. Until this demand reduces (see “The Inverter System”
below), you should turn “OFF” other high-current AC appliances such as
the water heater.
You can then turn on AC appliances as needed. Watch the ammeter to be sure you
don't exceed the dock's available supply, typically 30 amps.
Here are some estimates of AC power consumption for typical appliances:
Water Heater 15 amps
Inverter
up to 22 amps
Hair Dryer
12 amps
TV
1.5 amps
Coffee maker 10 amps
Microwave
12 amps
Toaster
12 amps
Air Conditioning up to 40 amps
Section 4F: Electrical Systems, AC 4.13
4G: Electrical Systems, DC
4G1: DC Concepts
Each year it seems more folks are confused by the operation of electrical systems on
yachts than by any other subject! Don’t feel discouraged if something isn’t clear: you’ve got
company in your confusion. So let’s try to cover some theory here first.
Most of the equipment on any boat is run by 12-volt DC electricity from the boat’s
batteries. This is true because DC should always be available: we have batteries aboard
even when there is no shore power! If the batteries aren’t run down, everything should work,
just like in the family car.
Since the batteries are used so much, we have to replenish, or charge them. The most
important way we do this is by alternators on the ship’s engine. In most cases one engine will
provide enough electricity in most every case to run everything, and still have some energy left
over to add back to the battery, that is, to charge it.
Ah, but what if the engine isn’t running? Then, the batteries are slowly depleted until
they have “run down” and there is no more electricity stored in them . . . a big problem,
because then we not only can’t run all the neat stuff on the boat, we can’t start an engine to
get more electricity.
So a good skipper and crew has “electrical power management” in mind whenever they
turn an electrical gadget on or off!
It is with this concern that we can cite a reality: If we need more electricity than the
batteries alone must provide, and if the propulsion engines aren’t running, we will need to get
our electrical power from an alternative source! That’s the most important reason why we plug
the boat in to shore power or use a generator: To keep from running down the batteries. For
by using battery chargers getting their power from shore power or the generator, we can keep
the batteries charged, or, at least, from getting too low.
In modern, luxury cruising boats, however, there is another important factor: Some of
the “goodies” we like to have on board such as hair dryers and microwave ovens require
ordinary household electricity. This is 110-120 volts AC. It is different from DC. So if we want
to use these things when we’re not at a dock, we must have another way to get 110-120 volts
AC, and for this we use a generator or an inverter, the latter an amazing high tech gadget that
takes 12 volts DC from the ship’s batteries and makes it into 110 volts AC!
So here’s what we’ve got:
A lot of stuff running on 12 volts DC with that electricity from the batteries;
To keep the batteries from running down, we have alternators run by the engine, and
battery chargers that get their power from shore power or the generator;
For the stuff that runs on 110-120 volts AC, we have shore power, the generator, or, for
making 110-120 volts AC out of DC from the batteries, the inverter.
Section 4G: Electrical Systems, DC 4.14
4G2: DC Batteries
The batteries on this boat are not just one, big all-purpose
battery. To have redundancy, there are actually several “banks”
of batteries assigned different tasks.
A “starting bank” is used for starting engines. This battery
is charged by the engine alternator when running, or by the
McCarron battery charger if it is on when there is shore power or
a generator is running.
Another “house bank” consists of deep cycle batteries
wired in parallel. These batteries are charged by the engine
alternators and by the Inverter when AC power is present from
shore power or a generator.
In the event of a low engine-starting bank, the operator
can (1) start a generator which can then run the chargers or (2)
operate the battery-parallel switch (see below).
The E/R boxes holding some of the
batteries are visible in this picture to port of
the port engine.
Note: If it takes more than two attempts to start
any engine, turn off its sea water valve to avoid
water-locking the engine until it starts. Then be
sure to immediately turn it back on after the
engine is started!
Two more smaller batteries start each generator. Each of
these is charged by the generator to which it is connected, and
by the Newmar charger.
What redundancy!
Notice the batteries in each lower corner of
the 20kw generator area: These are the
starting batteries for each generator.
4G3: DC Battery Chargers
The vessel is equipped with two 12-volt battery chargers.
One of these, a Newmar unit, charges the two genset batteries.
The other, McCarron charger, charges the starting battery.
The Inverter is also a 12-volt charger. It charges the
house battery bank.
The chargers are switched on by breakers in the 120-volt
circuit breaker panel.
Red arrow points to McCarron charger;
yellow arrow points to the Trace Inverter.
Only the Inverter charger is normally used!
Note: The Inverter is primarily used for house
battery charging; see discussion about the
inverter below!
Section 4G: Electrical Systems, DC 4.15
Newmar charger in starboard side of engine
room.,
4G4: DC Battery “On-Off” Switch
This switch is the DC circuit master switch
for the house service. It should be left “on” at all
times unless there is a fire or short circuit, and you
wish to cut off electric power to all DC voltage
except the starting circuits.
4G5: DC Circuit Breaker Panels
The nerve center of the DC electrical system is
the DC circuit breaker panels just right of the lower
helm. On these panel are the switches that control
power to the boat’s various systems.
As for the breaker panel itself, just as in your
home, most of these switches are true “circuit
breakers”: they feed power to somewhere in the boat
where there is another switch which, in turn, turns the
item on and off. An example of this would be the circuit
breakers for the horn and electric head. If the breaker
is turned on, the horn won’t work unless you push the
horn button, and the head won’t flush unless you are
there in the head compartment to operate it!
But some of the other breakers also serve as the
switch for the item. An example of this would be the
navigation light breaker or the macerator pump
breaker. So here is the list of switches and how they're
used: (“B” means used as breaker, “S” means used as
switch AND breaker).
The colors in the descriptions below mean:
Green
= Leave this breaker on Always
Blue
= Leave on Always when Aboard
Yellow
= Use when Item is Needed
Red
= Use with Caution in Exceptional
Circumstances
Above and below: The Upper and Lower DC Power Panels
Section 4G: Electrical Systems, DC 4.16
DC Upper (Main) Breaker Panel:
DC UPPER PANEL PANEL (TO LEFT OF SALON DOOR)
BREAKER
USE
BREAKER
LEFT COLUMN
USE
CENTER RIGHT COLUMN
Port Engine
S Powers port engine & its instruments
Starting Port & Starboard
S Press to start the engine
Engine Vent
S Turns on port engine room blower
Stopping Port & Starboard
S Press to sto eng. (SOL must be ON)
Stbd Engine
S Powers stbd engine & its instruments
Bilge Pump Mode Sws.
S Control B.P. mode
Engine Vent
S Powers stbd engine room blower
RIGHT COLUMN
Stop Sol
B
Powers stop buttons to stop engines
Aft Bilge Pump
B
Power to mode & float switch
Fwd Bilge Pump
B
Power to mode & float switch
Horn
B
To horn button
Instrument Lights
S Turns on instrument lights
Wiper
B
To wiper switches above helm
Navigation Lights
S Turns on navigation lights
Stereo
B
To stereo
Anchor Light
S Turns on anchor light
F. W. Pump
B
To fresh water pump pressure switch
Spreader Light
S Turns on spreader light
Drain Pump
B
To dram pump sws. showers & sink
Fwd Cabin Lights
B
To forward cabin light switches
Galley Vent
B
To galley vent switch
Saloon Lights
B
To salon light switches
Gas Stove
B
To propane solenoid sw. over stove
Aft Cabin Lights
B
To aft cabin light switches
Head Vent
B
To aft head vent switch
Port Engine Rm Lights
S Turns on port engine room lights
Fwd Electric Head
B
To forward head toggle switch
Stbd Engine Rm. Lights
S Turns on stbd engine room lights
Aft Electric Heaf
B
To aft head toggle switch
Hailer
B
To hailer power switch
DC LOWER PANEL - ONE ROW OF BREAKERS ONLY (PANEL TO LEFT OF SALON DOOR)
Fwd Macerator Pump
S Pumps out port holding tank
Gen Blower
S Turns on vents in gen compartment
Aft Macerator Pump
S Pumps out aft holding tank
Radar
B
To F/B radar
B
To salt water pump pressure switch
Auto Pilot
B
To F/B autopilot control
Deck Wash Pump
Flyb. GPS
B
To flybridge GPS unit
Air Compressor
S Turns on air compressor
VHF Radio
B
To VHF radios
Strobe
S Turns on strobe light
Depth Finder
Electronics
B To Datamarine sounder/log
B
Flybridge Refer
B
To Furuno system
Section 4G: Electrical Systems, DC 4.17
Power to F/B refrigerator
4G6: DC Voltmeter
In the DC Breaker Panel is a voltmeter with a
battery selector switch.
When the photo was taken, the switch was in the
“house” position, and the meter showed 13.2 volts.
As the scale indicates,
around 11.0 volts (red) is considered “dead”;
12.8 volts (100%) is a fully-charged, unused
battery;
13.2 volts is a battery getting a “float” charge to
keep it charged;
14.2 volts is a battery being “bulk” charged.
The switch positions are:
1 = The House Battery Bank
2 = The Starting Bank
3 = 20KW Generator Starting Battery
4 = 8KW Generator Starting Battery
Section 4G: Electrical Systems, DC 4.18
4H: Electronics
The boat is equipped with extensive electronic equipment, including VHF radios,
Radars, GPS, Plotter; Depth Sounder; Speed Log; Autopilot; and Navigation Computer.
Each unit is provided with a dedicated or shared circuit breaker in the DC power panel;
this breaker must be on for the unit to be used. Then the unit’s own power button must have
been depressed or its knob must be also be in the “ON” mode. (The computer runs on 110volt AC from shore power or the inverter.)
4H1: Electronics: Autopilot
The boat is equipped with a
Robertson-Simrad AP100DL Autopilot
System including a control console at each
helm.
For the unit to operate, be sure the
breaker is on in the Power Panel.
Basic operation is simple:
COMP
Turns the system on.
When on, the display will show the pilot's status, and the current rudder
position port or starboard.
PWR ST.
Allows the Autopilot to be used as a power steering control. Seldom
used.
AUTO
Engages the autopilot. It will hold the heading it was on when engaged.
NAV
Not connected.
RUDDER
Allows the operator to set the pilot’s sensitivity; adjust to suit the seas.
This is normally set to “High-Position 3”.
COURSE
When in the AUTO mode, turn to change course.
Port/Stbd
When in AUTO mode, press to correct course by a degree in either
direction. To Dodge, (1) press and hold the dodge button, then (2) press
port or starboard to swerve in that direction. (3) When past the obstacle,
release dodge.
To use the remote control at the lower helm, the flybridge
A/P control must be set first to “COMP”.
Maintain a careful lookout when using the
autopilot! It is an aid to comfortable cruising,
not a replacement for an aware
helmsperson! Remember, you can
disengage it quickly simply by switching to
“COMP".
Section 4H: Electronics 4.19
Lower helm A/P Remote Control.
4H2: Electronics: Depth Sounder & Knotmeter/Log - Datamarine
There is a Datamarine digital depth sounder and
speed log system on the flybridge, with repeaters at the
lower helm, showing depth BELOW THE KEEL and speed
in knots, trip mileage in nautical miles, etc. Operation of
this system is described in its operating manual, but it is
quite simple and intuitive.
They are turned on by the breaker in the DC power
panel.
Because our waters are sometimes very
deep, the depth sounders will not display
or will stay on a high depth reading when
the water’s depth is beyond its capacity.
Datamarine Dart System on F/B.
Remember when backing up, or crossing a “tide
line”, that turbulent water from the tides or
boat’s screws (or those of another boat) can
interrupt the sounding information received by
the unit. Be careful!
Note that our Northwest waters are rocky and
depths change rapidly. You should be
especially careful to study your charts, and then
check them often whenever running in depths
of 50 feet or less, so that you don’t hit a rock!
Just as our islands “pop up” to heights of 50,
100, or even thousands of feet in a very small
horizontal distance, so do rocky obstacles!
At lower helm: Sounder & .Speed Log.
4H3: Electronics: Depth Sounder - Furuno FCV-620 Fishfinders
This unit is at the lower helm; a duplicate is at the
upper helm. Operation is simple, with full details in the
operating manual.
Section 4H: Electronics 4.20
4H4: Electronics: GPS Receivers
Dream Catcher has two Furuno GPS receivers, one at each
helm. See the manuals for operating details.
4H5: Electronics: Hailer
The boat is equipped with a loudhailer at the flybridge for
communicating with the shore. It also can be used to talk from
the helm to the flybridge. It operates conventionally, but is
seldom used. It also has foghorn and bell modes for lying at
anchor or operating in fog. This manual is stored on the laptop:
“Documents|LH-10 Loudhaler”.
4H6: Electronics:
Plotters/Electronic Charting Systems
Computer System:
The boat is equipped with
Coastal Explorer plotting software
which runs on a laptop computer at
the lower helm. It will always make
your location easily identifiable.
The software runs in Microsoft
Windows. When turned “on”, the
computer will “boot”. After it boots,
double-click the icon to start the
navigation program.
Furuno NavNet System:
At both helms, the boat’s
Furuno NavNet System allows map display and course plotting. This modern system will
make your trip easier. See the manuals for full details.
THESE ELECTRONIC CHARTING SYSTEMS ARE NOT SUBSTITUTES FOR
CAREFUL STUDY OF TRADITIONAL PAPER CHARTS. You are required by
maritime law to use your paper charts for navigation information, since
electronic chart technology does not always permit full cartographic
details to show. The Electronic charts are for convenience only!
If you are not completely familiar with the Coastal Explorer System, please
operate the system with care, reading the manual before you make any
changes to any settings! Thank you.
Section 4H: Electronics 4.21
4H7: Electronics: Stereo
In the salon in the aft cabinet by the settee “L” is a
Pioneer Stereo AM/FM receiver, with an iPod connection in the
adjacent top drawer. This is like an automobile unit. The
“Front/Rear” speaker control (fader) shifts the sound among the
boat’s speakers as noted on the placard.
4H8: Electronics: Radar & AIS
The boat is equipped with two radar sets, one at each the
flybridge and the lower helm. These units are used, combined
with the electronic chart unit, for operation in restricted visibility,
with the radar primarily serving as a device for collision
avoidance while the chart unit provides position.
The lower helm radar set.
Proper and safe use of a ship’s radar requires lots
of practice and careful study. While you are using the
boat, you can have the radar on as much as you like to
get used to the way it displays images, but for detailed
operating instructions we refer you to the radar’s own
complete manual.
A big radar hinges out under the flybridge console.
4H9: Electronics: TV/DVD/CD System
The boat has a DVD/CD player and TV, a large flat-screen unit. They operate
conventionally.
4H10: Electronics: VHF Radios (Fixed/Handheld)
There are fixed ICOM VHF radios at each helm station, with the
mikes nearby. The radios are designed for easy access to Channel 16
which is the hailing and emergency channel in the Northwest. In
addition, the ICOM units use Digital Selective Calling for emergency
communications. The two portable units operate conventionally.
Detailed instructions are in their manuals.
Section 4H: Electronics 4.22
One of the Icom UHF radios.
4J: Engine & Transmissions
4J1: General Discussion
The main engines on the boat are Caterpillar
3208-T Diesels producing a maximum of 320
horsepower each. These extraordinarily-reliable,
rugged machines are top-of-the-line, and can be
expected to give you trouble-free, economical
cruising.
Each engine is controlled at the lower helm
DC Panel with a stop breaker (common to both
engines), its own power breaker, and its start and
stop buttons; the engine's instruments are on the
helm panels at both helms.
Port engine. Oil dipstick (blue arrow) and oil fill (red arrow).
On engine start, no long warm-up is required! Three or four minutes is
sufficient at idle, then load the engine by putting its transmission in gear.
Do not run it over 1400 RPM until the temperature gauge reads at least 140
degrees Fahrenheit.
Do not run the engine for long periods with the transmission in neutral,
with no load!
4J2: Checking the Engine
The engines require a regular, daily check, since once
underway, you will probably not check them while in use, tucked
away as they are in the engine room. Please perform this check
each morning (when the engine room is cool!):
Check the Oil
The oil level should be between the two marks on the
Starboard engine dipstick (fill is on valve
dipstick located on the inboard forward side of each engine. The
cover aft end.)
stick "pulls out" upward. Use a paper towel from the roll
provided, wipe the stick, reinsert, and take reading; since the
dipsticks are quite long, handle them carefully, guiding them so
they are not bent! The distance between the two marks is about
1.5 quarts. Add only enough oil to bring it up above the "add"
mark, say a quart, using the oil provided on the boat. The oil fill
on each engine is a T-handle cap on the inboard valve covers.
Unscrew the T-handle a few turns, then pull the cap up. Be
Starboard engine’s Coolant Tank
sure to secure the caps when re-installing by moderately
tightening their t handles!
If oil is required often, check under the engine carefully to be sure there is no oil leak, and if
there is, have it corrected promptly.
Section 4J: Engines & Transmissions 4.23
Check the Coolant Level.
The heat exchanger coolant tanks are located forward of each engine. Be sure coolant
is at or above the “Low-Add” line when cold. If coolant is needed, determine if there is any
sign of a coolant leak under the engine, and if there is, do not run the engine; if no leak, add
coolant from the jug of pre-mixed antifreeze/corrosion inhibitor/water supplied on the boat.
With the engine "cold", add only to a level above the line, no more: The coolant expands and
fills the tank when the engine gets warm!
Check the Room
Whenever you're in the engine room, ask yourself, "Does everything look right?". Look
at the pads under the engines and transmissions: while some drips are normal, there
shouldn't ever be substantial accumulations of any fluids!
Check the Sea Strainers
Once a week or immediately if any
engine (either generator, or the mains) runs
"hot". The main engine strainers are is by
the forward end of each engine. The 20kw
genset strainer is in the aft end of the engine
room, and the 8kw strainer is forward of the
starboard engine; follow the hoses from the
generators to their respective strainers. The
air conditioning sea strainer is at the bottom
of the engine room just aft of the workbench
(the hose leads to the large pump.)
To check a strainer, shine a flashlight
through it. While some "fuzziness" from
trapped thin growth is normal, you should
see the light clearly on the other side; if
obscured, you should clean the strainer. See
below page 4.41.
Sea strainers just forward of the port engine. Only one is in use; the other is
capped. The most important strainers are those for the engines in front of
each, and for the gensets, below them in the hull, plus the air conditiong
strainer.
4J3: Engine Controls
Dream Catcher is fitted with Morse cable engine controls. There are main engine
controls at both helms.
Section 4J: Engines & Transmissions 4.24
4J4: Engine Operating Parameters
The following parameters are estimated based upon parameters from Caterpillar.
RPM
Speed
Fuel Consumption
Naut. Miles/Gallon
1200
6.0 Knots
3.5 GPH
1.72
1500
7.5
5.0 GPH
1.50
1800
10.0
8.5 GPH
1.17
2000
10.5
12.0 GPH
.88
2400
11.5
16.5 GPH
.70
4J5: Engine Synchronizer
The Glendinning Synchronizer located in the engine room overhead
automatically, exactly synchronizes the engine speeds. The port
engine is the “Slave” and follows the starboard throttle (the “lead”
engine).
To engage the synchronizer:
1) Set the engines to approximately the same speed, higher than idle;
2) Pull the switch on the engine alarm panel (the pilot light will go on);
3) Push the port engine (slave) throttle control all the way forward (This will save
stress on the synchronizer as it adjusts the slave engine’s speed).
You now control the speed of both engines with the starboard “Lead” engine.
To disengage the synchronizer:
1) Pull back “slave” lever until you feel resistance;
2) Push in the switch. The engine throttles are now once again independent.
Note: The synchronizer will automatically disengage if an engine
cannot be synchronized; For this reason, it cannot reliably be used if
both engines are throttled back to idle.
Section 4J: Engines & Transmissions 4.25
4J6: Engine Transmissions
Check the Transmission Oil Level
Check the oil level once every two weeks,
more often if a transmission shifts erratically. It is
unlikely that any oil will need to be added. Be sure to
check under the transmission for leaks! Low
transmission oil is a serious matter. The red arrows
point to the starboard dipstick & fill.
With the engine idling, remove the
Arrow points to transmission fill and dipstick location.
transmission dipstick. Wipe it, reinsert it, and
take a reading. If the level is below the add
mark, stop the engine, add a pint of 30-weight oil through the plug in the top of the
transmission case, and then start the engine and measure again. Do not overfill, for
to do so could cause the seals to “blow out”.
The transmission is fitted with an oil cooler. Be sure to service the zincs on the
cooler when the engine’s zincs are serviced.
Section 4J: Engines & Transmissions 4.26
4K: Fresh & Waste Water Systems
4K1: Fresh Water Fill Location
There are two water tanks filled by fills on the side decks (labeled “WATER”). Do
not overfill the water tanks, lest you damage the vent filters. Stop filling as soon as you hear
the water coming up the tank standpipe.
Be sure to use the "water" fills, not the "waste" deck fittings!
4K2: Fresh Water Heater
After the water pump, water is distributed directly to the cold water faucet lines. In
addition, it goes to the boat's water heater. The heater uses two energy sources, (1) heat from
the engine, so that whenever the boat is running, or has recently run, there is hot water; and
(2) 110 volts AC from shore power or generator, if available and the heaters' 110-volt AC
breaker is "on". The heater is insulated well enough to keep hot water overnight without power,
provided you haven't wasted a lot.
4K3: Fresh Water Pump
The water line from the tanks leads to the boat's fresh
water pump that are located to port just forward and outboard of
the port engine.
Provided the correct "F.W. Pump" circuit breaker is
"On", the pump will run whenever its built-in pressure switch
detects low water pressure.
Fresh water pump is under blue
The blue "accumulator tank" by the pump provides a
accumulator tank.
"pressure head" for the pump, so the pump doesn't need to run
so often. Instead, a pump cycle will provide for several minutes
of routine water use before pressure diminishes and the pump starts again.
It is a good idea to turn off the fresh water pump breaker whenever
leaving the boat for any extended period, lest a dripping faucet or
broken hose cause the pump to run and waste your water.
4K4: Fresh Water Tanks
The combined tanks hold 500 gallons. The tanks are under the forward stateroom
berth and in the lazarette; water from the forward tank flows to the aft tank where it then is
piped to the water pump.
4K5: Waste Water
Waste water from the sinks and showers (but not from the toilets) is dumped
overboard in accordance with U.S. and Canadian law. From sink basins, the water simply
flows by gravity overboard. Since the floor of the showers and the bottom of the engine room
sink are below the water line, built in shower sump pumps operate to lift this water back above
the waterline and dump it overboard.
It is therefore very important that the “drain pump” breaker in the
DC panel be left “On”, and that the “Drain Pump” switches at
each shower and the engine room sink also be “on”.
Section 4K: Fresh & Waste Water Systems 4.27
4L: Fuel System
4L1: Fuel System Concept
The Diesel fuel aboard Dream Catcher is carried in two side
tanks of 500 gallons each. This gives the boat great cruising range. As
long as both engines are operating, fuel consumption should be fairly
uniform, and the boat should stay “in trim”. If it doesn’t, you can reduce
consumption from either tank by operating the control valves —
although they normally should all be simply left open!
The fuel valves are under the
engine room workbench.
You should understand that Diesel engines pump an excessive
amount of fuel from the tank, and then use the excess to cool the injection pump equipment
on the engine, then return that excess back to the tank! Typically, an engine might pump 40
gallons/hour, but use only three or four: The extra 36 or 37 gallons "makes the circuit" through
the pump and back to the tank.
4L2: Filling the Fuel Tanks; Fuel Fill Locations
With the large fuel tanks, you can fuel the boat pretty fast using a standard hose and
nozzle (like those on auto gas pumps); there is one fuel fill on each side deck.
Use the single “DIESEL” fill on each side deck.
Fill all the tanks completely but do not spill fuel.
Do not overfill, causing excess fuel to spill from the tank vents on the
outboard sides of the boat. Listen carefully for the “filling-bottle” sounds of
the fuel fills as the fuel in the tanks reaches their tops. Be careful!
4L3: Fuel Filters
Diesel engines require absolutely clean fuel to
operate continuously. As a result, there are two kinds of
fuel filters on the boat. The primary filters are mounted on
the inboard side of the engine stringers alongside each
engine.
The secondary filter is on the engine itself. It is very
fine and is the final protection to be sure the engine’s fuel
is absolutely clean.
If the engine
Port main engine primary fuel filter.
stops, it is likely a filter
is clogged. Follow
through carefully, and remember you will have to prime the
engine to re-start it. See the engine manual for this
procedure.
Starboard engine secondary fuel filter.
Section 4L: Fuel System 4.28
4L4: Fuel Management
In the aft end of the engine room there are sight gauges on just forward
of each tank that let you see the level in each. To use, you must open the
valve on the top and bottom of each gauge tube. Be sure to close both
valves after use! They protect the boat in the event a sight gauge breaks!
There also is a fuel manifold consisting of a set of valves for the fuel
supply to the main engines, generators, and Diesel furnace.
Normally, you will leave these fuel valves all “on”, and let the boat
draw equally from the tanks.
A sight tube.
Changing the valves risks spilling fuel, starving an
engine, or bursting a hose! Leave them alone.
4L5: Fuel Supply Manifold
The Fuel Manifold is located directly under
the 20KW generator enclosure on the aft engine
room bulkhead under the work table. Each engine
has a fuel supply from this manifold.
Since extra fuel is pumped to the engine
that is used to cool the engine’s injection pump,
there is a fuel return line as well from the engine;
this goes into a return manifold that distributes
equally to the boat’s two tanks.
There are valves in the return lines from
each engine, and in the lines from each tank to the
manifold. These valves should be left in the “all
Transfer Pump
open” mode. It should be remembered that at slow
speeds, these return lines are pumping a lot of fuel; tampering with the lines could mean that
a return line might be switched long enough to overflow and pollute the water through the tank
vents’ overflowing!
Section 4L: Fuel System 4.29
4M1: Air Conditioning Operation
The boat is equipped with an electric Cruisair Air Conditioning
and Heating System including four compressors. Its outlets are located
throughout the boat controlled by a thermostats throughout the boat.
Breakers in the AC Breaker Panel at the lower helm must be on
for operation of the system.
This panel is the main control
station for the A/C system.
The “Aircon Pump” breaker must be on for any air conditioning to be used!
You must have either shorepower connected to 50-amp service,
or the generator must be running, and:
(1) The “Aircon Pump” breaker on;
(2) The breakers for the compressors used are also “on”;
(3) Operate the main control panels as desired [1 each in the
salon forward and aft, 1 in the Master S/R, and 1 in the forward
S/R];
Air Conditioning Thermostat
(4) Set the relevant thermostats.
(manufacturer’s photo)
Be careful if using a shore power connection not to overload it!
Once running, the air conditioners' "Mode" setting allows them to heat or cool the
vessel, and the thermostats will cycle them on as needed.
The air conditioning control panel has symbols. The red dot/white dot button turns the
area on or off. The button with the fan blades symbol turns the fan on/off. The red and green
thermometers control the temperature. Your settings are shown in the readout, and the led’s
show the system’s status.
4M2: Furnace
Operating the Furnace
The boat is equipped with a Webasto
Hot Water Heating System. This is a very
compact furnace that burns the same Diesel
fuel as the engines. The fuel comes from the
fuel manifold,
thus from both
tanks, about a
pint each hour
when running.
The furnace (or,
when the boat is
underway, the
Furnace system in engine room.
port engine)
heats water
which is circulated throughout the boat. Individual blowers, each
with its own “off-low-high” switch, then forces the air into each
A furnace thermostat.
area of the boat from small heat exchangers in each area.
Section 4M: Furnace & Air Conditioning 4.30
The furnace is controlled by a master switch on the port side of
the lower helm cabinet, and by thermostats in each area.
The master switch has three settings:
Off
The heating system is “all off”
System Heat
The Diesel Furnace will supply heat if
called for by any thermostat
Engine Heat
The port engine (if running) will supply
heat if called for by any thermostat
Select the desired master switch setting and then set the desired
temperature on the thermostats.
When the thermostat calls for heat, and the switch is in the
“System Heat” position, the first time the furnace runs after
the master switch is turned on, it will take a few minutes while
the furnace starts, and then brings the circulating water to the
needed temperature before the fans start heating the boat:
Be patient! (The furnace has a built-in computer controlling
its functions.) The furnace will then supply heat to the boat
until the thermostat senses it is warm enough, then the
computer will shut off the fans while the furnace goes through
a “cool-down” cycle. You need not do anything but set a
thermostat!
Furnace master switch.
A fan switch.
In the “Engine Heat” position, the heat will come on more quickly if the engines have
been running.
To control the balance of heat between the boat’s areas, if the thermostat settings are
not sufficient, you can use the fan switches in each area to adjust the heat flow to “low” or
“high”.
Do not leave the fan switches “off”, lest you have the furnace running with no
way to distribute its heat!
As you can see, this furnace system is very flexible and a great
addition to the boat! As long as the batteries can support the modest DC
power requirement of the fans and furnace blower, you will have plenty of
quiet heat. In fact, this use of the house batteries’ energy for air circulation
is a good reason to limit use of the furnace to times when passengers are
awake, unless the boat has shore power available.
CAUTION: The furnace exhaust is on the port side of the
boat and is very hot! Do not put fenders in front of it, and
do not let the dinghy or any other boat be alongside
where it might be burned by the hot gas!
Furnace Problems
You should not have problems with the furnace; if you do, contact
NW Explorations.
Furnace exhaust is just
forward of midships to
port.
Note the location of the furnace exhaust on the port side of the
boat! Care should be taken not to block this outlet with
Section 4M: Furnace & Air Conditioning 4.31
fenders or get too close while rafting due to the very high
temperature of the exhaust gases from the furnace. See
illustration on preceding page.
Furnace Blower Controls
“Fan Heater” controls are located throughout the boat in areas where there are no
thermostats. These will supply heat to that area when the switch is on “Low” or “High” and the
furnace is running.
Furnace Thermostats
See illustration on preceding page. The thermostat shows the room temperature
until the up/down button is touched, then it shows the furnace setting. When it is showing the
furnace setting, you can raise of lower it as desired.
Section 4M: Furnace & Air Conditioning 4.32
4N: Galley & Appliances
Dream Catcher is fitted with a number of appliances for your convenience. Most of
these (like the microwave) are easy to operate, “just like a home appliance”; nevertheless, we
will spend some time discussing these, as marine units have some features that are slightly
different than home models.
4N1: Barbecue
The barbecue is mounted atop the sundeck hand rail. Its propane tank is nearby. It
operates conventionally. To use it, (1) Turn valve on the tank itself on; (2) Turn the control at
the barbeque to “High”; (3) Using the built in lighter or a propane “match”, light the barbecue.
4N2: Microwave/Convection Oven
The microwave is conventional, operating just as one does in the home ashore.
4N3: Refrigerator/Freezer - Galley
The boat is equipped with an efficient
Grunert refrigerator and deep freeze.
This refrigeration runs on 110
volts AC, and can run on shore,
generator or inverter power!
Refrigeration temperatures are controlled by
The refrigerator.
the thermostats in each unit; set as required after
allowing them to stabilize for a few hours after
loading.
Hint: If you keep the units full, they will hold
temperatures steadier. We suggest filling used
water bottles or jugs with tap water and using them
as space-fillers in the units!
4N4: Stove
The boat is equipped with a PRINCESS propane stove with three
top burners and a thermostatically-controlled oven and broiler.
Propane gas is heavier-than-air. Therefore it must be treated
with care around a boat so that we can be absolutely sure there is no
gas escaping into the atmosphere to collect in the boat’s lowest spot,
the enclosed bilges, to become an explosive safety hazard. For this
reason, the propane tank itself is housed above the galley in the left
seat on the flying bridge. Obviously. Up there, if there is a leak, the gas
will simply be vented overboard, for there is no way from there for it to
be redirected into the boat, as all openings into the salon from above
are sealed (otherwise they’d leak in a rainstorm!).
Section 4N: Galley & Appliances 4.33
The deepfreeze.
There is, of course, a manual gas valve on the propane tank.
This valve is used only when exchanging/filling tanks. There is also a
second valve, a “solenoid valve”, in the flybridge seat propane line
immediately after the manual valve. This electric valve is controlled by
a switch in the galley, and in this way the cook can actually shut off the
propane supply to the stove at its source when it not being used.
In addition, each stove burner, including the oven, is fitted with a
The propane solenoid valve
control. It has an on-off switch
“thermocouple”, a heat-sensing device that also controls the gas flow.
and a pilot light.
When the gas supply is “turned on” to a burner, the gas will not flow
unless (a) the burner is already on, or (b) the cook is holding the valve
in the “light” position. So you can see the safety of this arrangement: If the burner goes out for
any reason, the thermocouple will shut off the fuel automatically, assuring you of a safe galley.
TO LIGHT A BURNER:
Lighting a burner is easy and only takes five to ten seconds:
1) Be sure the propane valve circuit breaker in the DC panel is on.
2) Turn on the remote propane valve on the fly bridge by throwing the over-the-stove
“Propane” switch (when you do this, the pilot light on the switch panel will light.
3) Turn the knob for your selected burner to “light”, holding it in, and use a “propane
match” to light the gas from the burner.
Sometimes you may need to turn the knob a little further toward “high”, or, if the
tank has been changed, keep trying for a few seconds before fuel reaches the
stove after purging air from the pipe.
4) After the burner lights, continue to hold the knob in for a few seconds while the
thermocouple heats up before adjusting the flame to the desired intensity.
TO LIGHT THE OVEN:
Since the oven burner is out of sight when the door is closed and it is on, and since
while in use, the flame, controlled by the oven thermostat, goes on and off to control the
temperature accurately, the oven has a pilot light that lights it when in use. Therefore the cook
must “light the pilot” when the stove’s oven is to be used. Also, by not leaving the pilot light on
all the time since the oven isn’t used at every meal, the boat’s propane is conserved.
Just as with the burners, lighting the oven is easy, and will take about 20 seconds:
1) Follow steps (1) and (2) above turning on the circuit breaker and propane switch.
2) Locate the pilot light assembly in the opening under the oven divider, at the right
front of the burner assembly.
3) Turn the oven control to “light”, and, while holding the red “safety” button on the right
side of the range, use a match or butane fire-lighter to light the pilot light, holding
the red button in for another fifteen seconds after the pilot is lit for the thermocouple
to heat up and allow the pilot to stay on. If the pilot will not stay lit, hold the button in
longer!
4) Adjust the thermostat to the desired temperature.
Section 4N: Galley & Appliances 4.34
Note: The oven burner will not immediately light! For safety reasons, the control
has a slight time delay, and the oven’s main burner will light after about 20 or 30
seconds following control-setting. In this way, the burner does not “puff” on and
off as you adjust the control.
5) Until you are completely done with the oven for this cooking session, you may leave
the control in the “light” position between cooking your dishes, so that to use it some
more all you need to do is re-set it to a temperature --- the pilot is still lit.
6) When done with the oven for this meal, turn it completely “off”. The pilot light will go
out.
4N5: Washer and Dryer
A washer and dryer are located in the
engine room.
These operate like conventional units.
Also, be aware that to run the dryer
especially you will need to run the generator, as
Shore Power cannot support its heavy electrical
current needs.
The water valves for the washer are
alongside it.
The units operate conventionally.
Be sure to clean the filters after each
use!
The washer. Note the water valves on the right.
Section 4N: Galley & Appliances 4.35
4P: Head Systems
4P1: Overview
The head system on this boat is reliable, straightforward, and easy-to-use.
First, a note about discharge of sewage:
It is forbidden to discharge untreated sewage in inland US. waters, an area
that includes all US. waters in which this boat operates. The boat holding
tank must only be emptied at proper pump-out stations if it is in US.
waters. (This rule does not apply in Canadian waters. However, in Canada,
courteous practice dictates that the holding tank be dumped only when
outside confined marinas or bays, as we are sure the reader agrees!)
The boat is equipped with two Master-Flush Marine heads. These heads each have a
separate macerator pump which macerates waste and puts it either into one of two holding
tanks or directly overboard, as determined by the setting on a Y-valve in the head plumbing
lines. The holding tanks are emptied either of two ways: by operating an overboard macerator
pump controlled at the DC power panel, or by pumping it using a shore side pump out station
through the boat's side-deck pump out fittings.
4P2: The Dometic Masterflush Heads
These premium heads are easy to use, odor free, and very
reliable. They work with a macerating pump for each head.
These heads use about a pint of fresh water from the ship’s
supply with each flush.
Each head is operated by a pair of “rocker” switches on the
nearby vanity.
Normal Flush: Press the left switch (the one with a cartoontoilet with the arrow down and water in it to empty the head
and add water to the bowl thereafter.
Add water: Press the top of the right hand rocker switch and
release when enough has entered.
“Dry Bowl”/Empty Toilet: Press the bottom of the right hand
rocker switch and hold until the bowl empties completely!
Only things which were eaten or drunk or the toilet paper supplied
with the boat should be put in the heads! Facial tissues, tampons,
and other foreign matter will clog the system. If these heads are
used properly, they are very reliable. Failures are virtually always
due to mis-use!
Section 4P: Head Systems 4.36
4P3: Head Problems
The only likely head problem is a clogged head or a full holding tank. Use the other
one... Remember, the two head systems are completely separate: If you have trouble, turn off
the faulty head and use just the other head; call NWE for assistance.
Of course, if a holding tank is full, that head cannot work; in this case, the toilet has a
“shutdown relay” and stops operating! Pump the holding tank (see below) when required!
4P3: Holding Tank
There are two 35-gallon holding tanks. Unless the Y-valves are set so the heads
pump overboard (see above), the sewage from each head goes to its holding tank.
4P4: Holding Tank Pumpout & Macerator Pump
The sewage from each head goes to a holding tank. If dumped overboard from this
tank, the effluent passes through a through-hull valve (normally open) near it.
To dump the tank, use a shore side pumpout station connecting to the “Waste” deck
fitting connected to each holding tank, located on each side deck.
In some Canadian waters but not in a “no-discharge zone”, you can dump the tank
overboard without a pumpout station by turning “ON” both macerator pumps at the DC panel
and rotating the macerator timer (located to the right of the helm wheel) to the appropriate
amount of time. It takes about 4 minutes to empty full holding tanks using the macerator
pump. Do not leave the pump running dry for a long time as it will damage the pump!
4P5: Head Holding Tank Level Gauge
The boat is equipped with a tank level indicator on each
holding tank, so it is easy to tell if a tank is full. Check this indicator
regularly and don’t flush if full! In the guest head, the indicator is simply
a red light...there is room for one or two more flushes!
4P6: Head Y-Valves
Each head is equipped with a Y-valve.
Master Stateroom holding tank
The aft one is in the Master Stateroom in the sink
level indicator.
cabinet of the master stateroom; the forward one
is under the hatch in the companionway. Each
Y-valve is labeled "Tank"/"Sea" indicating the type of discharge. In US.
Waters, the Coast Guard Rules require that the valves be "secured" in
the holding tank position to assure that all effluent will be kept aboard in
the tank. If you turn the valve to overboard while in Canadian waters,
re-secure it with the wire ties supplied and stored near the valve when
you return to the U.S.! (More next page)
Section 4P: Head Systems 4.37
There are overboard valves in the lines where the discharge
hoses connect to the through-hills. These should be open, too.
Section 4P: Head Systems 4.38
4Q: Running Gear
4Q1: Shaft Seals
The vessel is equipped with a PSS dripless shaft seals that are lubricated by water from
the engine; the seals should be occasionally checked by the owner to be sure that there is not
inappropriate water leakage. Adjustment should be rarely required.
Section 4Q: Running Gear 4.39
4R: Safety Equipment
4R1: Safety - Equipment Listing
This vessel is equipped with complete safety equipment,
detailed on page 1.12
4R2: Safety - Fire Suppression System
Automatic extinguisher pilot light.
If lit, it is armed & ready.
The boat has a fire suppression system built in to the engine
room. It is manually operated, and the vessel operator pulls the control to operate it. The
status of the system is indicated by the small LED panel located directly under the AC
ammeter by the starboard salon door at the lower helm. The port engine power switch
must be ON for the LED to illuminate.
4R3: Safety - Alarm Panel
This panel in the salon will alert
you for several anomalies in the boat's
systems, or if you have left some lights on
that could run down your batteries.
LED's indicate emergency
conditions, engine room lights that are on,
and whether a bilge pump or head pump is
running.
4R4: Safety: Windshield
Wipers
(Above) Alarm panel. (Right) Windshield wiper controls
The three knobs to the right of the
alarm panel control the windshield wipers.
4R5: Safety: Windshield Washer
A button on the starboard side of the lower helm cabinet (below the horn
button) activates the windshield washer, squirting fresh water on all three
windshields.
Horn & Windshield
Washer buttons.
Section 4R: Safety Equipment 4.40
4S: Sea Strainers & Through-Hulls
4S1: Sea Strainer Cleaning and
Seacocks
The sea strainers on this boat are secure
and reliable. They protect the engine, generator
and refrigeration cooling systems from water-borne
debris which might block internal equipment
passages. If a sea strainer needs cleaning (see
above regarding inspection) here is the procedure:
1. Look at the base of the strainer near the
hull. On one side may be a welded-bar
“wing nut”. If there is one, loosen it a few
turns (the valve may “weep” a little sea
water.
2. Whether there was a wing nut or not,
there will be a valve lever with a relatively
Two sea strainers. These are in front of the starboard engine.
long handle. Turn the valve lever so it is
Left is the engine sea strainer, right is another.
perpendicular to the sea strainer (parallel
to the hull).
3. Remove the top of the sea strainer. Then remove the strainer by pulling it out the
top of the assembly. Rinse the strainer thoroughly and, if necessary, remove any
debris from the glass housing; you can use the fresh water hose in the engine room,
and a bowl brush is next to the water hose to help clean the sea strainer glass.. The
bilge pump will pump out the excess water.
4. Reinsert the strainer; replace the top, AND TURN THE VALVE BACK ON. Failure to
do so will overheat the engine.
Failure to re-open the valves will overheat the engine or damage the
pumps!
This entire operation will take 5-10 minutes at most, and will assure you of cool
engines.
Section 4S: Sea Strainers & Thru-Hulls 4.41
(Intentionally left blank)
Section 4T: Warning Lights, Alarms, Wipers 4.42
Section 5: “What to Do If” for Some Specific
Concerns
5A: ANCHOR CHAIN WON’T COME OUT OF CHAIN LOCKER
The anchor chain is continuous, secured at both ends, and cannot tangle. But
sometimes a pile of chain will fall over, and one loop of chain will fall through another
loop. Usually you can clear this by grasping the chain where it exits the hawse pipe
from the chain locker with your hands, and pulling it up or down to “jiggle” the loop out
of the chain; you may have to retrieve some chain to do this, in order to have enough
slack to jiggle it! It is rare when this will not clear the jam. The other solution: go below
and clear the tangle in the chain locker. Caution: Turn off the windlass breaker to
protect your hands when manhandling chain, wear gloves, and be careful!
5B: ANCHOR FOULED, CAN’T RAISE IT
This can happen if you “pull the boat to the anchor” with the windlass. You should
move the boat under power until it is over the anchor, or, even better, slightly ahead of it
before hauling. Usually this will clear it. Otherwise, take a line and form a fixed, loose
loop around the chain. Weight the loop, and lower it down the line until it reaches the
bottom, sliding down the chain. Then, using the dinghy, take the line forward past the
anchor so that you can pull the anchor out, opposite the direction its flukes are pointing.
This should help you to pull the anchor free.
5C: ANCHOR WINDLASS WON’T TURN
If the motor isn’t running, is the circuit breaker by the lower helm on? If the motor is
running, is the clutch tight? Use the anchor windlass handle. Windlasses are equipped
with a shear pin to protect them: if you sheared the pin, you will have to haul the
anchor by hand using the emergency handle.
5D: BATTERIES (HOUSE) KEEP RUNNING DOWN
Have you run the engines or generator enough? Is something left on (like the engine
room or mast lights, too many electronics, etc.) that is too great a load for the time you
were not charging? Are you using the inverter for big jobs? Use the stove or shore
power. Have you had the inverter on whenever plugged in to shore power or running
the generator? You must, for the house batteries to charge!
5E: ENGINE OVERHEATS
Is the drive belt for the water pump intact? Spare belts are in the engine room spares
kit. Is the sea strainer clogged? See that section in this manual. Is the impeller shot?
If sea strainer is clear and belt is good, this is likely. Change (spare in spares kit) or call
a mechanic. Do not run engine if it overheats!
5F: ENGINE WON’T START
Check battery, battery switches. Try temporarily setting battery switches to “Parallel”.
Or start generator, charge all the batteries. If starter turns, assume fuel problem: did
you bump a fuel valve on the manifold at back of engine room? Make sure all open, if
Section 5: "What to Do If" 5.1
one was closed, re-prime engine or call a mechanic if you can’t do this (see Caterpillar
engine manual).
5G: HEAD WON’T FLUSH
Is breaker on? Turn it on. Have you over-filled the holding tank? Pump it to allow
more effluent to enter it. See the “Heads” section of this manual. If all else fails, just
use only the other head.
5H: HIT A FISH NET
Engines in Neutral: don’t try to back off, you may foul the net more. Try pulling the
boat back with the dinghy & outboard. Get assistance from the fisherman. You are
responsible for damage you cause to a net!
5J: HIT A LOG OR ROCK
See EMERGENCY PROCEDURES, next chapter.
5K: PROPELLER FOULED OR DAMAGED
Best thing: have the prop checked by a diver or dive it yourself if able. Check for
vibration. Try turning shaft by hand in engine room, both should be turn-able with
engine in neutral. Is shaft noisy, or does it load engine? Do not use that side or call
Vessel Assist. See emergency procedures, next chapter.
5L: WATER (FRESH) WON’T FLOW
Is there water in the tank? Is F.W. Pump breaker on? If capable, check pressure
switch on pump, run manually if necessary.
Section 5: "What to Do If" 5.2
Section 6: Emergency Procedures
6A: PROTECT YOUR LIVES FIRST...
Put on life jackets
Contact the Coast Guard with an emergency "MAYDAY" call.
If adrift, prepare to anchor to keep the boat from drifting into danger.
If the boat is really sinking, consider "beaching it" if necessary.
Launch the dinghy and prepare to board if necessary. Take a handheld VHF radio,
if available. Be sure to wear life jackets!
6B: ...THEN, WORRY ABOUT THE BOAT!
In a true emergency, you certainly are authorized to call for immediate commercial
assistance as minimally required to assure the safety of you and the boat.
It is not an emergency, however, if neither you nor the boat are at risk.
6C: IF YOU THINK IT MAY NOT BE AN EMERGENCY:
If you have any concern about your long-term safety, contact the Coast Guard,
either normally or using an urgent "PAN" call. Tell them that you are calling to advise them
about your situation, so they can keep in touch.
Be sure that the status and safety of the boat and crew is someone's responsibility
while you sort out the boat's problem. For example, delegate your mate to keep a watch for
hazards, or to operate the boat on course slowly while you deal with the difficulty.
Here is a checklist for solving the problem:
(A) Isolate it;
(B) Get the manuals;
(C) Get parts;
(D) If necessary, call vendors for help.
Over the years, most problems with boats are caused by misuse! Holding tanks
overflow because they aren't checked; heads clog because foreign matter (especially facial
tissues and tampons) are put in them; engines fail because they run out of fuel, then must be
"purged" to re-start. Use the boat carefully, and you'll avoid these problems.
Almost all problems that are not operator-caused, i.e., that are boat deficiencies, are
caused by pumps that fail, hoses and belts that break, and seawater strainers that get
clogged. Generally, these problems are annoyances, and usually they are inconvenient, but
they still can happen. Try to stay calm, collected, and be a professional by dealing with the
problem in a businesslike, calm way. It will make everyone's day a better one!
(Continued on next page)
Section 6: EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 6.1
6D: HITTING A LOG, ROCK, OR DEBRIS ----- PLEASE DON’T!
Hitting a log is a real risk in our Northern waters because logging, and "log rafts," are
such a big part of our commerce.
If you hit a log:
- Did you put a hole in the boat? Idle the engine, then think: usually, you can tell just
by where the noise of the hit came from. Check the bilges (don't forget the lazarette
area, where the rudder posts are) after putting the engine into idle and/or neutral, if
necessary.
If you did "hole" the boat, go immediately to the "If an Emergency" on the preceding
pages.
- If no hole, and still idling, is the boat vibrating?
If "yes," put the engine into neutral, try accelerating it. If there is vibration or any
unusual noise (grinding or squealing) shut down the offending main engine and use
the other engine. Proceed to the closest safe harbor.
- If there is no vibration, you probably did no running gear damage. Congratulations!
Have the boat checked by a diver as soon as possible.
Section 6: EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 6.2
Section 7: Index
AC.. . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-1-1-12, 2-1, 3-1-3-5, 4-1-4-17, 4-19-4-25, 4-27-4-37, 4-40, 4-41, 5-1, 5-2, 6-1, 6-2
AC Power Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Accommodations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
Air Conditioning.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 1-10, 3-2, 4-1, 4-7, 4-13, 4-24, 4-30
Alternator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Ammeter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9-4-13
Anchor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-11, 1-12, 3-1-3-5, 4-1-4-3, 4-7, 4-8, 4-17, 4-21, 5-1, 6-1
Anchor Windlass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 4-3, 5-1
Anchoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3-3-5, 4-1, 4-3
Autopilot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 4-17, 4-19
Barbeque. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1, 4-4, 4-33
Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 1-10, 3-1, 3-2, 4-7-4-9, 4-14-4-16, 4-18, 5-1
Battery Charger.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 4-9, 4-15
Bell. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Berth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4, 1-7, 1-8, 4-27
Bilge Pump. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17, 4-40, 4-41
Canvas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
CD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 4-22
Chain locker. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 4-2, 5-1
Chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4, 1-7, 3-3, 4-21, 4-22
Checklist. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2, 6-1
Circuit Breakers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Cleaning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41
Coast Guard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 4-37, 6-1
Coolant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 1-10, 2-1, 3-1, 4-23, 4-24
Davit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1, 1-3, 1-5, 1-9, 4-1, 4-3, 4-5, 4-6
DC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-9, 1-12, 3-1, 3-2, 4-1, 4-3, 4-4, 4-8, 4-9, 4-14-4-20, 4-23, 4-27, 4-31, 4-34,
4-36, 4-37
DC Power Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19, 4-20, 4-36
Depth Sounder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-4, 3-4, 4-19, 4-20
Diesel Furnace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29, 4-31
Dinghy.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-9, 1-11, 3-5, 4-1, 4-3, 4-5, 4-6, 4-31, 5-1, 5-2, 6-1
Dryer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 3-2, 4-7, 4-8, 4-11, 4-13, 4-35
DVD. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 4-22
Electronics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-4, 1-9, 1-12, 4-1, 4-17, 4-19-4-22, 5-1
Emergency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1, 1-2, 1-7, 1-11, 1-12, 4-22, 4-40, 5-1, 5-2, 6-1, 6-2
Engine.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-9, 1-10, 1-12, 2-1, 3-1, 3-2, 3-4, 4-4, 4-6-4-8, 4-11, 4-14, 4-15, 4-17,
4-23-4-31, 4-35, 4-39-4-41, 5-1, 5-2, 6-2
Exhaust.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 3-2, 4-7, 4-8, 4-31, 4-32
Exhaust Fan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Fenders.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11, 3-1, 4-31, 4-32
Filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 4-27, 4-28, 4-35
Section 7: Index 7.1
Fire Extinguishers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Flares. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 1-12
Flashlight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 1-8, 4-24
Flybridge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-3, 1-6, 1-12, 3-3, 4-17, 4-19-4-22, 4-34
FM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-5, 4-22
Freezer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Fresh Water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 1-11, 2-1, 4-17, 4-27, 4-36, 4-40, 4-41
Fuel.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-9-1-11, 2-1, 3-1, 4-1, 4-6, 4-25, 4-28-4-30, 4-34, 5-1, 6-1
Fuel fill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Fuel filters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Fuel tank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Fuel valves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28, 4-29
Furnace.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8, 1-10, 4-1, 4-8, 4-29-4-32
Galley. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-5, 1-6, 4-1, 4-17, 4-33, 4-34
Generator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 1-10, 3-1, 3-2, 4-7-4-10, 4-12, 4-14, 4-15, 4-18, 4-24, 4-27, 4-29,
4-30, 4-33, 4-35, 4-41, 5-1
GPS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17, 4-19, 4-21
Handheld VHF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Head. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 1-8, 4-1, 4-16, 4-17, 4-27, 4-36, 4-37, 4-40, 5-1, 5-2
Heater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2, 4-7, 4-8, 4-11, 4-13, 4-27
Hitting a log.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Holding tank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 1-8, 2-1, 3-1, 4-17, 4-36, 4-37, 5-2
Hose. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9-1-11, 4-24, 4-27-4-29, 4-41
Hot Water Heater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Inverter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 3-1, 3-2, 4-8, 4-9, 4-11, 4-13-4-15, 4-19, 4-33, 5-1
Law. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21, 4-27
Life Raft. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-11, 3-1, 3-2, 3-5, 4-1, 4-27, 4-29, 4-36, 4-38
Log. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4, 4-11, 4-17, 4-19, 4-20, 4-36, 5-2, 6-1, 6-2
Maneuvering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1, 3-1, 3-3
Manuals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 1-12, 4-21, 4-22, 6-1
MAYDAY.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Meters.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1, 4-10, 4-25
Microwave.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6, 4-8, 4-11, 4-13, 4-14, 4-33
NavNet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-4, 4-21
Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 2-1, 3-1, 4-6, 4-8, 4-23, 4-26
Oil Leak.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
Oil Pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Outboard.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 1-11, 4-1, 4-5, 4-6, 4-27, 4-28, 5-2
Owner. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-1, 4-39
Plotter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Polarity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10, 4-12
Prime. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28, 5-2
Propane. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-6, 4-4, 4-8, 4-17, 4-33, 4-34
Section 7: Index 7.2
Propeller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1, 5-2
Pump. . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 4-4, 4-6, 4-8, 4-11, 4-16, 4-17, 4-24, 4-27-4-29, 4-36, 4-37, 4-40, 4-41, 5-1, 5-2
Radar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-4, 4-17, 4-22
Radio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-5, 4-17, 6-1
Refrigerator.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6, 4-8, 4-17, 4-33
Restart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Restricted visibility.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Reverse Polarity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10, 4-12
Rudder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3, 4-19, 6-2
Sea strainer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 4-7, 4-24, 4-41, 5-1
Sea water. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8, 4-12, 4-15, 4-41
Seacocks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41
Shaft. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 4-39, 5-2
Shore Line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11, 3-3, 3-5, 4-3
Shore power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 3-1, 3-2, 4-7-4-9, 4-12-4-15, 4-19, 4-27, 4-30, 4-31, 4-35, 5-1
Shower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7, 1-8, 4-27
Spares. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 1-10, 3-1, 3-2, 4-7, 4-8, 4-15-4-18
Steering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Stereo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 4-17, 4-22
Stern line.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
Strobe Light. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Sundeck. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4-4-6, 4-33
Synchronizer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1, 4-1, 4-25
Table.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4, 1-5, 1-7, 1-10, 1-11, 3-3, 4-6, 4-29
Temperature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23, 4-30-4-32, 4-34, 4-35
Throttles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1, 4-25
Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Transmission Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1, 4-26
TV. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5, 4-8, 4-13, 4-22
VHF. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-12, 4-17, 4-19, 4-22, 6-1
Voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3, 4-11, 4-16
Voltmeter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3, 4-10-4-12, 4-18
Wake. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1, 4-31
Washer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9, 4-1, 4-7, 4-8, 4-11, 4-35, 4-40
Water Fill. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Water Heater. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2, 4-7, 4-8, 4-11, 4-13, 4-27
Windlass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 1-3, 3-2, 3-4, 4-1-4-3, 4-5, 4-6, 5-1
Winds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Windshield Washer.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
Windshield Wiper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4, 4-40
Y-Valve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Section 7: Index 7.3
Download PDF