Bluebird | H530A | Operator`s manual | Bluebird H530A Operator`s manual

Operator Manual
Aerator
H424 / 968999392
H742 / 968999394
Models
H530A / 968999393
S530B / 968999683
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure
you understand the instructions before using the machine.
WARNING
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents,
and certain vehicle components contain
or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects
or other reproductive harm.
©2009 HTC. All rights reserved.
Beatrice, NE. Printed in U.S.A.
Contents
INTRODUCTION.......................................................4
Use......................................................................4
Good Service......................................................4
Serial Number.....................................................4
SYMBOLS AND DECALS..........................................5
SAFETY.....................................................................7
General Information............................................7
Safety Procedures...............................................7
General Use........................................................8
Preparations........................................................9
Operating..........................................................10
Movement/Transport.........................................11
Storage.............................................................11
Children.............................................................11
Fuel System......................................................12
Maintenance.....................................................13
ASSEMBLY..............................................................14
Models 424 and 530 Handles...........................14
Model 742 Handle............................................15
Clutch and Throttle Cables...............................16
OPERATION............................................................17
Aeration Tips.....................................................17
Before You Start................................................17
Rear Wheel Adjustment....................................18
Turning And Maneuvering.................................18
Operating On Slopes........................................19
Aerating............................................................20
Transporting......................................................21
mAINTENANCE AND SERVICE..............................22
Cleaning............................................................22
Two Minute Rule................................................22
Drive Train.........................................................23
Engine...............................................................23
Clutch Cable ....................................................24
Throttle Cable ..................................................24
Chain . ..............................................................26
Removal and Replacement..............................26
Adjusting Tension..............................................26
Tines.................................................................27
Tine Wear..........................................................27
Tine Replacement.............................................27
Handle..............................................................28
Wheels..............................................................29
Drive Wheel Shaft ............................................29
Rear Wheels......................................................30
TECHNICAL DATA..................................................31
Torque Specifications........................................35
WARRANTY.............................................................36
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations
Insure Your Machine
Thank you for purchasing a BlueBird lawn care
product. Through your confidence in us, you have
chosen an exceptionally high quality product.
This manual is a valuable document. It describes your
new BlueBird machine. Read the manual carefully
before attempting to use the machine. Following the
instructions (use, service, maintenance, etc.) can
considerably increase the lifespan of your machine
and even increase its resale value. Please contact
your dealer for more information.
If you sell your BlueBird machine, make sure to give
the operator’s manual to the new owner.
Contact your insurance company to check on
insurance coverage for your new machine. You should
have all-inclusive insurance for liability, fire, damage
and theft.
Use
Good Service
BlueBird’s products are available only in specialized
retail trades with complete service. This ensures
that you as a customer get only the best support
and service. Before the machine was delivered it
underwent inspection and was adjusted by your
dealer. When you need spare parts or support in
service questions, guarantee issues, etc., please
consult the following professional:
The dethatcher is used to remove the layer of
thatch and surface-treat lawns, for example, powerraking, de-mossing and collecting thatch in the form
of old grass or moss. With an attachment, it can
also be used for seeding, both in initial sowing or
overseeding.
This Operator’s Manual belongs to machine
with serial number:
Engine
number:
Serial Number
The machine’s serial number can be found on the
printed plate attached to the rear side panel of the
machine. The plate includes the following information:
• The machine’s type designation (MODEL).
• The machine’s serial number (S/N).
Please state the type designation and serial number
when ordering spare parts.
4 - BLUEBIRD
The engine’s serial number is punched into the
crankcase above the oil drainage screw.
The engine type is specified on the crankcase under
the air filter but also appears on the decal on the
starter.
Please state engine serial number and type when
ordering replacement engine parts.
SYMBOLS AND DECALS
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
WARNING!
Xxxx xxx xxxx xx xxxx x xxxx.
Xxxx xxx xxxx xx xxxx x xxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk
of personal injury, particularly if the reader should
neglect to follow instructions given in the manual.
Decals
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk
of material damage, particularly if the reader should
neglect to follow instructions given in the manual.
Used also when there is a potential for misuse or
misassembly.
1
3
3
424 & 742 Models
530 Models
5
4
2
6
7
2
1
2
001
3
540
2
1
22
4
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
DANGER watch your feet
Warning for carbon monoxide
Chain tension
Safety warnings
5. Barbells
6. Removable wheel
7. Controls
BLUEBIRD-5
SYMBOLS AND DECALS
7
3
1
4
5
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
6 - BLUEBIRD
DANGER watch your feet
Warning for carbon monoxide
Chain tension
Safety warnings
5. Barbells
6. Removable wheel
7. Controls
2
SAFETY
General Information
Safety Procedures
This manual will assist you in the safe operation and
proper maintenance of your BlueBird equipment.
Read it thoroughly before attempting to operate the
machine. Call your dealer or BlueBird if additional
information is required.
This equipment should not be modified without the
manufacturer’s prior written authorization. Doing so
may not only affect the equipment’s performance
and durability, but also create safety hazards for the
operator and the surroundings. Warranty will be void
if changes are made to the equipment without the
manufacturer’s prior written authorization.
DO:
• Read all maintenance and service instructions
before attempting work.
• Read engine manufacturer’s operating and
maintenance instructions.
• Remove spark plug wire before commencing
service.
• Inspect lawn to be aerated and remove rocks,
wire, string and other objects that might present a
hazard before starting.
• Identify and mark all ground objects to be
avoided, such as sprinkler heads, stakes, water
valves, clothes line anchors, etc.
• Use machine for lawn aeration only.
• Keep unsupervised children away from the
equipment.
• Adopt safe lifting and moving techniques when
loading/unloading and moving the equipment.
• Make sure all decals are in place.
DO NOT:
• Do not run engine while servicing.
• Do not use on any surface other than grass.
• Do not operate on slopes exceeding 35% grade.
• Do not place hands or feet near moving or
rotating parts.
• Do not lift alone.
• Do not run engine in an unventilated space.
• Do not run engine while servicing. Remove spark
plug wire before commencing service.
• Do not smoke or allow open flames or sparks near
unit, and always stop the engine when refueling
• Do not remove guards when operating.
• Do not modify this equipment.
• Do not use this equipment for purposes other than
lawn aeration.
BLUEBIRD-7
SAFETY
General Use
The object of this manual is to help you use your
BlueBird machine safely and to give you information
about how to maintain your machine. Please read
the manual carefully before attempting to use the
machine.
If after reading the operator’s manual you are still
unsure about the safety risks associated with use of
the machine, you should not use the machine. Please
contact your dealer for more information.
These safety instructions only address the basics
for safe use. It would be impossible in the safety
instructions to describe all possible risk situations
that could arise when using the machine. You can,
however, prevent accidents by always using common
sense.
For a replacement copy of the operator’s manual,
contact your dealer.
WARNING!
Under no circumstances may the original
design of the machine be modified without
written approval from the manufacturer.
Such modifications not only affect the
performance and durability of the machine
but may even pose a safety risk for users
and those in the vicinity. Unauthorized
modifications to the design of the machine
may absolve the manufacturer from liability
for any resulting personal injury or property
damage. Modifying the machine without
written approval from the manufacturer may
void the guarantee.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not use the machine until you have read the
operator’s manual carefully and understand
the instructions given. All maintenance work
or adjustments not described in this manual
must be performed by an authorized BlueBird
service workshop.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Read this manual carefully and make sure
you understand it before using the machine or
performing any maintenance. If the user cannot
read this manual, it is the responsibility of the
machine owner to explain the contents to the user.
Follow all safety instructions. Failure to do so may
result in injury to yourself or others.
Accident prevention regulations, other general
safety regulations, occupational safety rules and
traffic regulations must be followed without fail.
All users shall be trained in use of the machine.
The owner is responsible for training users.
Engage an authorized BlueBird workshop for all
service and repairs not described in this manual.
BlueBird original spare parts are designed and
specified to maintain high quality and correct fit
for optimal durability and lifespan.
Check that all safety decals are in place. See the
chapter “Symbols and Decals”.
Learn how to use the machine and its controls
safely and learn to recognize the safety decals.
Only use the machine for aerating lawns. It is not
intended for any other use.
8 - BLUEBIRD
8060-055
Read this manual carefully before starting the machine.
WARNING!
Overexposure to vibration may lead to
circulatory or nerve damage, particularly in
people who have impaired circulation.
Contact your doctor if you experience
symptoms that could have been caused
by overexposure to vibration. Examples of
common symptoms include numbness, pain,
muscle weakness, change of skin color or
an uncomfortable feeling of tingling. These
symptoms appear most frequently in the
fingers, hands or wrists.
SAFETY
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check that the machine is in serviceable condition
prior to use; see the chapter “Maintenance/
Maintenance schedule”.
Only use the machine in daylight or in other well-lit
conditions. Keep the machine a safe distance
from holes or other irregularities in the ground.
Pay attention to other possible risks.
Only allow the machine to be used by adults who
are familiar with its use.
Never allow children or persons not trained in
the use of the machine to use it. Local laws may
regulate the age of the user.
People and animals can distract you causing you
to lose control of the machine. For this reason,
always concentrate and focus on the task at hand.
Make sure animals and people maintain a safe
distance from the machine.
Never leave the machine unsupervised with the
engine running.
Make sure that other people are nearby when you
are using the machine so that you can call for
help should an emergency arise.
The machine is tested and approved only with the
equipment originally provided or recommended
by the manufacturer.
Preparations
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Have first aid equipment at hand when using the
machine.
Make sure no one else is in the vicinity of the
machine when starting the engine, engaging the
drive or running the machine.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blades.
Locate fixed objects in the ground, such as
sprinkler systems, poles, water valves, bases for
washing lines. Check for hidden electrical cables
or similar in the surface of the lawn. Run the
machine around these objects. Never intentionally
run the machine over foreign objects.
Make sure all guard plates and protective shields
are in place and intact when using the machine.
Make sure no clothing, long hair or jewelry can
catch in moving machine parts.
Never use the machine when barefoot. Always
wear protective shoes or protective boots with
anti-slip and preferably with steel toes.
Wear approved ear-protection when running the
machine. Ask your dealer about approved earprotection.
WARNING!
The engine can become very hot. To avoid
being burned, you must turn off the engine
and wait until all parts have cooled before
touching the engine.
8011-198
WARNING!
Always use approved protective clothing
and approved protective equipment when
using the machine. Protective clothing
and protective equipment cannot eliminate
the risk of accidents, but wearing proper
clothing and the correct equipment will
reduce the degree of injury should an
accident occur. Ask your dealer about
approved protective clothing and approved
protective equipment recommended by
BlueBird.
8011-670-aRunning
BLUEBIRD-9
SAFETY
Operating
•
Do not use the machine on grades of more than
20°. We recommend working across slopes rather
than up and down. This will yield a more even
result. Do not leave the machine standing on a
slope unattended.
Do not use the machine if you are tired, if you
have consumed alcohol, or if you are taking other
drugs or medication that can affect your vision,
judgment or co-ordination.
Never use the machine indoors or in spaces
lacking proper ventilation.
Do not use the machine on any surface other than
grass.
Make sure you have a proper foothold when using
the machine, particularly when backing. Walk,
don’t run. Never work on wet grass. Poor traction
may cause you to slip.
Keep your hands and feet away from moving
parts.
Keep your hands and feet away from the work
tools.
Slow down and be especially careful on
slopes. Make sure to run the machine in the
recommended direction on slopes. Be careful
when working close to sudden changes in level.
Smoking, open flames or sparks in the vicinity
of the machine are strictly forbidden. Gasoline
is extremely flammable and carelessness in
handling can result in personal injury or fire.
Stop and inspect the equipment if you run over or
into anything. If necessary, make repairs before
beginning again.
Whatever happens, you should always park the
machine on even ground, disengage the drive,
turn off the engine and wait until all moving
parts have stopped before leaving the operating
position behind the machine.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8060-054
The engine exhaust is poisonous. Never run the engine
indoors.
8011-091
Keep your hands and feet away from moving parts.
WARNING!
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents
and certain vehicle components
contain or emit chemicals considered
to cause cancer, birth defects or other
reproductive harm. The engine emits
carbon monoxide, which is a colorless,
poisonous gas. Do not use the machine
in enclosed spaces.
10 - BLUEBIRD
8060-056
Smoking near the machine is strictly prohibited.
SAFETY
Movement/Transport
•
•
•
•
•
•
To turn and steer the machine, press down on the
handle and turn on the back wheels.
Turn off the engine and allow it to cool at least 2
minutes before transport.
Collapse the handle if the machine is equipped
with a collapsible handle.
Be careful and use safe lifting and moving
techniques when loading/unloading the machine.
We recommend having two people to lift the
machine.
Fasten the machine properly in place with
approved fasteners, such as tension belts, chains
or rope. Always check that you are in compliance
with applicable traffic regulations before
transporting the machine.
8011-090
We recommend having two people to lift the machine.
Storage
•
•
•
•
Allow the engine to cool before storing the
machine. Never store the machine near a open
flame.
Store the machine with the fuel valve closed.
Store the machine and fuel in such a way that
there is no risk that leaking fuel or fumes can
come in contact with flames or sparks from
electrical machines, electric engines, relays,
switches, boilers or similar.
Store the machine in a locked space away
from children and adults untrained in use of the
machine.
8060-057
Keep children away from the machine.
Children
Serious accidents can occur if you fail to be on guard
for children in the vicinity of the machine.
Never assume that children will stay put where you
last saw them.
• Keep children away from the machine.
• Keep children away from the work area and under
close supervision by another adult.
• Keep an eye out and shut off the machine if
children enter the work area.
• Never allow children to operate the machine.
• Be particularly careful near corners, bushes, trees
or other objects that block your view.
8060-058
Keep children away from the work area.
BLUEBIRD-11
SAFETY
Fuel System
WARNING!
Gasoline and gasoline fumes are poisonous
and extremely flammable. Be especially
careful when handling gasoline, as
carelessness can result in personal injury or
fire.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Only store fuel in containers approved for that
purpose.
Never remove the fuel cap and fill the fuel tank
when the engine is running.
Always stop the engine when refueling.
Do not smoke when filling the gasoline tank and
do not pour gasoline in the vicinity of sparks or
open flame.
Never fill the fuel tank indoors.
8060-059
Never fill the fuel tank indoors.
Before starting the machine after refueling, it
should be moved at least 10 feet (3 M) from the
location where it was filled.
Turn off the fuel supply for storage or transport.
If leaks arise in the fuel system, the engine
must not be started until the problem has been
resolved.
8011-036
Close the fuel valve.
•
•
Check the fuel level before each use and leave
space for the fuel to expand, because the heat
from the engine and the sun can otherwise cause
the fuel to expand and overflow.
Avoid overfilling. If you spill gasoline on the
machine, wipe up the spill and wait until it has
evaporated before starting the engine. If you spill
gasoline on your clothing, change your clothing.
8060-060
Fueling always poses an element of risk.
12 - BLUEBIRD
SAFETY
Maintenance
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Never make adjustments with the engine running.
Disengage the drive units, shut off the engine and
wait until all moving parts come to a complete
stop before making adjustments, performing
maintenance or cleaning the machine.
Disconnect the spark plug cable before beginning
repair work.
Keep all components in serviceable condition and
make sure all nuts, bolts, etc. are tight. Replace
worn or damaged decals.
Be careful when checking work tools. Use gloves
when performing maintenance work.
Never allow persons not trained in the use of the
machine to perform service on it.
Always park the machine on even ground before
performing maintenance or making adjustments.
Do not disassemble the engine. This can
invalidate your engine warranty. Contact your
dealer if you have any questions regarding
service or guarantee matters. Follow all
maintenance instructions.
Do not change the setting of governors and avoid
running the engine with overly high RPM. If you
run the engine too fast, you risk damaging the
machine components.
Do not modify safety equipment. Check regularly
to be sure it works properly. The machine must
not be run with defective or disassembled safety
equipment.
The muffler is designed to maintain sound levels
at an approved level and keep direct exhaust
away from the user. Exhaust gases from the
engine are extremely hot and may contain sparks
that can cause fires or burn the user.
Never use a machine with a defective muffler.
Reduce the risk of fire by removing grass, leaves
and other debris that may have caught in the
machine.
8011-027
Disconnect the spark plug cable before repair work.
WARNING!
Wait until all moving parts are completely
still before performing maintenance on the
machine.
Turn off the engine and remove the spark
plug cable.
8060-061
Keep the machine clean.
BLUEBIRD-13
ASSEMBLY
CAUTION!
Use protective glasses when
removing unit from crate.
Models 424 and 530
Handles
1. The aerator is shipped with the handle folded.
Rotate handle into upright position and lock, using
the cam lock lever or link lock (dependent on
model).
8060-001
Locking cam for handle
8060-001
Locking link for handle
2. Cam Lock - Connect the top of control rod to rear
wheel control handle with the fasteners located
on the rear wheel control handle, using the back
holes. (See illustration)
Link Lock - Connect the top of control rod to rear
wheel control handle with the fasteners located
on the rear wheel control handle, using the front
holes. (See illustration)
2
1
1. Cam lock assembly location
2. Link lock assembly location
Connecting control rod
14 - BLUEBIRD
8060-003
ASSEMBLY
Model 742 Handle
3. The aerator is shipped with the handle detached.
Mount the handle using two ½" wrenches.
a. Slide handle onto handle mounting brackets.
b. Insert and tighten fasteners, which are located
on handle mounting brackets.
8060-033
Attaching non-folding handle
4. Connect top of control rod to rear wheel control
handle with fasteners located on rear wheel
control handle using the upper hole on the control
rod.
8060-033
Connect upper control rod
5. Connect bottom of control rod to OUTER side of
lever on the torque arm through the lower hole,
using the fastener assembly.
CAUTION!
Be certain that the clutch cable is properly
routed.
8060-035
Connect lower control rod
BLUEBIRD-15
ASSEMBLY
Clutch and Throttle Cables
6. Run the clutch cable through the guide hole in the
handle bracket support bar located at the rear of
the deck.
7. Attach the end of the cable to the S hook located
on the belt ider pulley.
CAUTION!
Be certain that the clutch cable is properly
routed.
8. 742 Honda Engines Only - The throttle cable has
been installed by the factory, however the throttle
spring needs to be connected to throttle/clutch
control lever.
8060-002
Route clutch cable through guides
2
1
3
1. Rear wheel control handle
2. Clutch handle
3. Handle
Check controls before starting
16 - BLUEBIRD
8060-006
OPERATION
Aeration Tips
Watering Before Aerating
The best aerating condition is soft, moist ground. If
unsure of the ground conditions, as in soil with high
clay content, test to determine whether it is necessary
to water before aerating.
Push a garden hand spade or large screw driver into
ground. The tool should drive in 2-3 inches with little
effort. If unable to do so, watering the lawn a day
before aerating is necessary.
WARNING!
NEVER cross hard objects or surfaces
(sidewalks, driveways, stepping stones) with
tines down.
Using Removable Weights
Soil conditions dictate whether extra machine weight
is needed for effective coring action. The weights
are provided to give added control and greater tine
penetration.
Before You Start
1. Ensure that the engine oil and gear reduction
oil levels are at the engine manufacturer’s
recommended level (refer to engine manual). The
machine must be level when filling with oil.
2. With the folding handle in its operating position,
lock the handle cam lock or link lock. (Models 424
& 530).
3. The rear wheel control handle must be pulled up
so rear wheels are fully down.
4. Insert weights if needed.
5. Check that the handle is properly mounted.
6. Test the clutch handle to ensure that the clutch
releases freely.
7. The engine top speed is preset by the engine
manufacturer. Consult the engine manufacturer’s
manual for instructions to adjust the governor and
carburetor if the speed is not within correct range.
BLUEBIRD-17
operation
Rear Wheel Adjustment
The rear wheel depth/stability control knob allows
adjustment for better stability and maneuverability
when the knob is turned in a clockwise rotation
Adjustments for depth are made by turning the knob
counter­clockwise. This adjustment determines the
length of the cores pulled by:
• Adjusting the rear wheels to a desired level to
control the penetration of the tines to within a
fraction of an inch.
• With the rear wheels in the “fully up” position,
maximum tine penetration is gained. Pushing
down on the machine’s handle bars puts most
of the weight of the machine on the tines. This
results in pulling the longest cores.
NOTE: Adjusting for greater stability gives greater
side‑to‑side control and will improve maneuverability
during aeration. (See “Operating on Slopes.”)
Adjustments for stability will shorten the length of the
cores pulled.
8060-008
Control depth and stability with rear adjustment knob
CAUTION!
NEVER cross hard objects or surfaces
(sidewalks, driveways, stepping stones,
etc.) with tines down.
WARNING!
This method is NOT recommended when
operating on slopes.
Turning And Maneuvering
Gradual maneuvering while aerating can be
accomplished by carefully guiding the machine.
It is recommended to adjust the engine’s speed
control to allow for a comfortable walking speed and
maintaining complete control while working in tight
spaces. Adjusting for more stability (with the rear
wheels lowered, reducing tine penetration) will make
turning easier.
When reversing direction or making sharp turns,
select the safest and most comfortable method for the
conditions you face:
• Release clutch control handle, pull up rear wheel
control handle, then pivot machine on rear wheels
to turn.
• Release clutch control handle, lift handle bar and
pivot machine on front wheel.
18 - BLUEBIRD
WARNING!
DO NOT operate on slopes exceeding
35% grade.
WARNING!
In extreme situations (very steep slopes)
the machine may be unbalanced and
present the danger of rolling over.
operation
Operating On Slopes
This unit is not designed to be used on steep slopes.
Be aware that when operating on slopes the tilt of the
aerator will cause the machine’s center of gravity to
shift to the downhill side of the machine. Under these
circumstances you may experience:
• the need to exert a greater effort to steer and
maintain the balance of the machine.
• uneven tine penetration, when operating across
a slope. Due to the shifted center of gravity the
downhill tines will penetrate to the maximum
depth, while uphill tines may not.
When operating on slopes:
• operate the machine up and down the slopes
instead of across.
• use the rear adjustment knob to set the rear
wheels for extra stability. This can be a great
benefit when you do need to run the aerator
across a slope. Additionally, using the depth
control when aerating across a slope improves
the consistency of the cores pulled from the uphill
tines when compared to those pulled by the
downhill tines.
• remove the downhill side weight to reduce rollover
risk and maintain consistent core plug length.
• move remaining weight from downhill side to
uphill side after each pass when operating across
slopes.
Removable weight
on uphill side
35% Grade Max
8060-007
Place weight on uphill side of slope
WARNING!
NEVER disengage tines from ground
when traveling uphill or downhill. ONLY
disengage on a flat surface.
BLUEBIRD-19
operation
Aerating
1. Start engine and adjust throttle setting to provide
comfortable walking speed and maintain control
of the equipment at all times.
2. Adjust depth control knob to desired depth.
Coring depth decreases by turning the knob
clockwise. NOTE: raising rear wheels all the way
up to obtain maximum coring depth reduces the
unit’s stability but increases length of core.
8060-008
Adjust depth control knob
3. Push down the rear wheel control handle to lower
aerating tines into the ground (rear wheels will
rise).
4. Push down on handle bar for better tine
penetration and maneuverability (front wheel will
rise).
5. Engage clutch control.
6. To stop, release clutch control.
2
1
1. Rear wheel control handle
2. Clutch control
Aerating controls
20 - BLUEBIRD
8060-003
operation
Transporting
Model 424
The BlueBird 424 Aerator has three convenient
features to assist in transporting the unit in a pickup
truck, van and even in some car trunks—removable
weights, a folding handle and convenient lifting
handles on the sides of the machine. The features are
provided for optional use and can be of great benefit
when required.
CAUTION!
DO NOT lift aerator with weights
installed.
8011-062-1
Removable Weights
• Unlatch weight locks.
• Grab weight handles and pull the weights from
the machine.
Note: Weight 36 lb/16 kg each.
Folding Handle
• Release handle cam lock by lifting cam lever
upwards. For handles with link lock—slide link up
and hook links on upper handle pins.
• Fold handle forward over the engine until it is
resting on the engine guard.
Remove weights and fold for transporting
CAUTION!
Avoid back or muscle injury! Use safe
lifting techniques, DO NOT exceed your
physical limitations. DO NOT attempt
to lift ALONE. Weight 193 lb/88 kg w/o
weights.
Lifting Handles
Lifting handles are located on both sides of the
aerator, to allow two people to lift the unit.
Models 530 And 742
The removable weights are for side hill stability and
tine penetration as applicable.
With the weights in place, these models are designed
for easy loading and unloading on ramps and trailers.
The treaded front wheel provides increased control
during transport. Use engine power to load unit.
BLUEBIRD-21
mAINTENANCE AND SERVICE
Cleaning
Two Minute Rule
Regular cleaning, washing and lubricating will prolong
the service of the machine.
NOTE: Use care with power washers to avoid damage
to warning decals, operator instruction labels,
bearings, chains and engine. Limit direct spray on
these items.
DO NOT EXCEED 1000 PSI WATER PRESSURE
FOR CLEANING
Aerators may be tipped on the engine guard for
cleaning and access for no more than 2 minutes.
Engine damage may result from gasoline draining into
the crankcase if prolonged. See engine manufacturer’s
operating and maintenance instructions.
Out of
Box
INSPECTION SCHEDULE
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Engine Oil
Gear box oil
Engine air cleaner
Clutch and cable
Chain tension
Belt wear and tension
Tine wear and condition
Fasteners
Sprockets and set screws
Frame condition
Decals
LUBRICATION SCHEDULE
Lubricant
Engine
Oil1
Gear Box
Oil
Rear Wheels
2
Graphite
dry lubricant
(aerosol)
Tires
Light
machine oil
- See Engine Owner’s Manual
- After each pressure wash or steam cleaning
30 W Oil
Every 10
●
●
●
●
Every 60
●
Lithium based
grease
Chain
22 - BLUEBIRD
●
1
Linkage
1
Every 20
First 5
As
Required
Each
Use
●
●
●
●
Storage
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●2
●
mAINTENANCE AND SERVICE
Drive Train
Engine - removal and replacement
1. Remove weights for access.
2. Remove drive guard.
3. Remove V-Belt.
4. Remove engine bolts.
5. Lift engine from unit.
NOTE: Model 742 aerators equipped with optional
Honda engines have two (2) pairs of shim plates
under the engine.
6. Remove and retain V‑pulley and key.
7. Replacement procedure opposite of removal.
8. Adjust drive belt and align V‑pulley, see following
section.
Drive Belt Replacement and Adjustment
1. Turn off engine and remove the drive guard cover.
2. Remove V‑belt.
3. Inspect condition of V‑pulleys and replace if
necessary.
4. Check V‑pulley alignment by looking down the
belt with clutch engaged. Be sure both V‑pulleys
are directly in line with each other. Correct their
alignment if not.
5. Install new belt over small V‑pulley first, then over
the large V‑pulley.
6. Insure V‑belt is inside both keeper arms.
7. Check that the V‑belt clears the top belt keeper
arm when idler is pulled tight. Check that the
aerator rolls freely (with handle folded on Models
424 and 530), with the belt slack. Adjust the
keeper, or clutch cable length if necessary.
8. For clutch adjustments refer to next section
(Clutch Cable Removal and Replacement).
9. Replace drive guard.
Engine
3
1
2
1. Small pulley
2. Belt keeper
3. Large pulley
Replace belt on small pulley first
8060-010
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Many parts, including the drive belt on your
aerator, are made specifically for BlueBird to
give many hours of use. Replace all parts with
genuine BlueBird parts to obtain maximum
performance and unit life.
Follow the engine manufacturers maintenance
instructions. Should any malfunction occur with
the engine during the warranty period, take it to an
Authorized Service Dealer. DO NOT tear down the
engine, as this may void the engine manufacturer’s
Warranty.
NOTE: Refer to engine manufacturer’s Owners Manual
for all engine service information.
BLUEBIRD-23
mAINTENANCE AND SERVICE
Clutch Cable
Removal and Replacement
1. Turn off engine and remove old clutch cable.
2. Route new cable through the hole at the rear of
housing.
3. Attach clutch cable to the bracket on the spring
on the idler assembly, then connect opposite end
of cable to the S hook.
4. Adjust cable to obtain ¾" to 1¼" extension of the
clutch spring when clutch is engaged.
8060-002
Route clutch cable through guides
Throttle Cable
Removal and Replacement
1. Before removing your old cable measure the
amount of cable extending past the cable screw.
2. Remove the old throttle cable and route the new
cable through the guide hole at the rear of the
housing.
3. Insert the new cable through the cable screw to
the measurement obtained in step 1 and tighten.
4. Attach the new adjuster bracket to the spring on
the throttle/clutch lever.
8060-013
Adjust cable
24 - BLUEBIRD
mAINTENANCE AND SERVICE
Throttle Cable
Model 742 (Honda Engine Only)
Adjustment
1. Start engine and allow it to reach operating
temperature.
2. Adjust the throttle cable at the adjuster bracket by
turning the adjuster nut. Tightening will increase
engine speed, loosening will reduce engine
speed.
NOTE: A properly adjusted throttle will slightly
increase engine speed as the clutch engages.
•
•
As the cable length increases between the
cable screw and adjuster nut the engine
speed decreases. If engine speeds too low,
the engine will stall as the clutch engages. As
the cable length decreases between the cable
screw and adjuster nut, the engine speed
will increase. If engine speed is too high, the
controlled start will be lost.
If the clutch engages too soon, the engine will
stall.
If the engine speed is too high, the gradual
controlled start is lost.
5
7
1
1. Throttle spring
2. Adjuster bracket
3. Adjuster nut
2
3
4. Throttle cable
5. Throttle lever
4
6
6. Cable screw
7. Stop screw
BLUEBIRD-25
mAINTENANCE AND SERVICE
Chain
Removal and Replacement
1. Turn off engine.
2. Remove the drive guard.
3. Loosen chain idler adjustment bolt and lock nut.
4. Remove master link and remove chain.
5. Inspect and align sprockets. Check set screws.
(Double set screws for wheel and rotor sprocket.)
6. Install new chain from top (drive sprocket side) as
illustrated.
NOTE: Chain is most easily connected just behind the
front drive wheel sprocket.
7. Install master link with pin plate on engine side
of chain with keeper plate installed on outboard
side. Install clip with split to front of machine.
8060-014
Inspect and align sprockets
Adjusting Tension
1. Turn engine off.
2. Remove drive guard, loosen lock nut on idler
adjustment bolt.
3. Turn idler adjustment bolt to adjust tension to
allow 1/8" to ¼" movement at the center point
between the wheel sprocket and the rotor
sprocket
4. Tighten lock nut.
NOTE: BlueBird recommends the replacement of
sprockets when replacing drive chain.
8060-009
Chain routing
8060-015
Idler adjustment bolt
26 - BLUEBIRD
mAINTENANCE AND SERVICE
Tines
Tine Wear
After the BlueBird Aerator has been used for
sometime, the tines will wear. When this happens
aerating performance diminishes. Inspect tines using
the drawing, replace when at minimum length or
before. (Tines are 5" when new.)
Tine Replacement
1. Turn off engine and remove weights.
2. Fold handle on the 424 and 530 Models.
3. Place on workbench (Model 424 only) and chock
wheels. Note direction of tine bolt. Reinstall the
bolt facing in the same direction on the Model
424 to avoid contact with weights.
4. Remove and replace tines by loosening stop bolt.
Remove retaining bolt and old tine, insert new tine
and fasten with retaining bolt in the same direction
as it was removed. When all tines are replaced,
tighten stop bolts.
NOTE: Replace worn lock nuts to insure that bolts will
hold tines in place.
Tine Shaft Bearing
Removal and Replacement
1. Turn off engine and remove weights.
2. Remove drive guard cover.
3. Fold handle.
4. Elevate approximately 4", block and chock rear
wheels.
5. Manually cycle the drive chain for access to
master link.
6. Turn chain idler adjustment screw counter
clockwise to loosen the chain.
7. Remove the master link and free rotor sprocket.
8. Remove the tine rotor shaft bearing bolts (4).
9. Remove chain scraper bolts (2) and chain scraper
(on Model 424 only).
10. Remove the rotor shaft assembly.
11. Remove outer rotor bearing by loosening the set
screw in the collar.
12. Reverse steps to reinstall.
13. Refer to sections “Chain Removal and
Replacement” and “Adjusting Chain Tension”
for chain replacement and adjustment of chain
tension.
43/8" (11.1 cm)
Minimum
8060-011
Check tines for wear
8060-012
Unlock inner bearing
14. Unlock collar (best accomplished by using a
hammer and pin punch). Insert pin punch into the
hole next to the set screw and, using the hammer
and with moderate striking, hit collar so that it
rotates in the opposite direction the rotor would
normally turn.
15. Reverse steps to reinstall.
16. Refer to sections “Chain Removal and
Replacement” and “Adjusting Chain Tension”
for chain replacement and adjustment of chain
tension.
BLUEBIRD-27
Maintenance and Service
Free‑Wheeling Tine Assembly
Removal and Replacement
Complete steps 1 through 12 in previous section, then
proceed with the following:
1. After the bearing is off the rotor, unlock the inner
bearing that secures the tine assembly.
2. Remove outer free‑wheeling tine assembly.
3. Place the new rotor assembly beside the old
assembly to have a pattern to follow indicating the
correct direction for the new tine installation. The
fixed tine assembly is also an example of proper
installation.
4. Once the tines are installed on the free‑wheeling
assembly, reinstall the inner and outer bearing
assemblies on the free‑wheeling assembly. Face
the bearing hubs toward the fixed tines. Make
sure that the inner bearing has a locking collar.
Hand tighten the nuts only.
5. Slide the new free‑wheeling tine assembly onto
the shaft, making sure that the tine direction
matches the direction of the fixed tine assembly.
The bearing with the locking collar faces the fixed
tines and butts up against the shoulder of the
shaft.
6. Tighten the four nuts on the bearing assemblies.
7. Lock the bearing collar in place with the hammer
and punch making sure the collar locks in the
same direction as the rotation of the rotor.
8. Replace outer shaft bearing and reinstall the
entire rotor assembly by reversing steps 1 through
12 in previous action. Instructions are for one side.
Both side are done with the same procedure.
28 - BLUEBIRD
Handle
Models 424 and 530, Cam Lock
Inspection
1. The handle cam lock must lock shut under
moderately heavy hand pressure. The handle
frame should be tightly secured to the aerator
body.
2. Check the cam rod lock nut. If the lock turns freely
by hand when cam is released, the nut must be
replaced to maintain the security of the lock.
Adjustment
With the handle in the operating position, tighten the
cam rod lock nut (¼ turn at a time) until cam handle
locks with moderately heavy hand pressure.
IMPORTANT: excessive adjustment of the lock nut will
damage the cam rod. ALWAYS replace a free spinning
nut to avoid unwanted loosening of the handle. For
smooth operation of the cam, apply a small amount of
grease on the cam edge.
Models 424 and 530, Link Lock
Inspection
The link lock needs only to have inspection for secure
hardware and snug fit.
Maintenance and Service
Wheels
Turn off engine and empty all fuel from the fuel tank
Remove weights and drive guard.
Loosen the lock nut on adjustment screw to loosen the
chain. Remove master link and chain.
Tip the front end up to let the aerator rest on its
handle. The front wheel will be approximately one foot
off the ground.
1. Remove the four wheel shaft bearing bolts (4 on
the 424 and 530 and 6 on the 742).
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Excessive adjustment of the lock nut will
damage the cam rod. ALWAYS replace a free
spinning nut to avoid unwanted loosening of
the handle. For smooth operation of the cam,
apply a small amount of grease on the cam
edge.
CAUTION!
Secure handle to prevent aerator from
tipping.
2. Remove the wheel axle assembly.
Drive Wheel Shaft
Removal and Replacement
3. Pull sprocket and bearing from shaft.
NOTE: Sprocket is double set screwed. To remove
the bearings, you must first remove the collar by
loosening the set screw, then insert pin punch
into the hole next to the set screw and, using a
hammer, with moderate striking, hit collar so that it
rotates in the opposite direction the wheel would
normally turn. If bearings are rusted in place they
will have to be replaced along with the wheel and
shaft.
4. Install bearings and sprocket loosely onto the
shaft. Models 424 and 530: hub side away
from wheels. Model 742 has 3 bearings. Wheel
bearings should have hubs facing away from
wheel. Wheel shaft bearing should have hub
facing away from sprocket.
5. Bolt bearings into place.
6. Center the wheels between the wheel opening
and the housing. Lock the collars in place and
tighten set screws.
7. Align and tighten the sprocket (there are double
set screws stacked two in each hole) use blue
loctite with the key in place.
8. Replace the chain following procedures in section
“Chain Removal and Replacement”.
9. Adjust chain per section “Adjusting Chain
Tension” and replace drive guard.
8060-012
Collar punch pin hole
BLUEBIRD-29
Maintenance and Service
Rear Wheels
Removal and Replacement
Models 424 and 530
1. Make sure unit is on level ground and engine is
turned off.
2. Lower the rear wheel control handle to let the
aerator rest on the tines.
3. Turn the rear wheel depth/stability control knob
to adjust the rear wheels for minimum depth
clockwise (more stability).
4. Remove the axle nut. Pull the axle bolt, then the
wheel from the wheel carriage.
5. Install a new wheel with grease fitting facing out,
with seals carefully in place on the wheel bushing.
Insert axle bolt through wheel and wheel lift frame.
Use washer and lock nut, tighten firmly.
6. Grease wheel bearings.
Rear Wheel Removal and Replacement
Model 742
1. Make sure unit is on level ground and engine is
turned off.
2. Lower the rear wheel control handle to let the
aerator rest on the tines.
3. Turn the rear wheel depth/stability control knob
to adjust the rear wheels for minimum depth
clockwise (more stability).
4. Remove the hairpin cotter pin.
5. Slide the wheel assembly off the machine.
6. Install hairpin cotter pin into the axle when
removed to prevent loss.
30 - BLUEBIRD
1
3
4
6
7
6
2
5
5
1. Hair pin
5. Washer
2. Wheel arm
6. Seal
3. Wheel axle
7. Wheel bushing
4. E-clip
8. Cotter pin
Wheel removal, Model 742 only
8
TECHNICAL DATA
Power Unit
H424
Engine
Manufacturer
Honda
Type
GX120K1HX2
Power
4 hp* / 2.98kW
Clutch
Belt Tensioner
Primary Drive
V-Belt
Secondary Drive
Permalube Chain
Gear Reduction
6:1
Wheels
Bearings
Front - ¾" (1.9 cm) sealed ball bearings with stamping kit
Rear - ¾" (1.9 cm) roller bearing
Rear Tires
8" x 2" (20 cm x 5 cm) solid rubber
Front Tire
10" x 6" (25 cm x 15 cm) semi-pneumatic
Aeration
Tines
¾" (1.9 cm) open spoon tine, 24 per unit
Aeration Width
17½" (44.5 cm)
Hole Pattern
4½" x 6½" (11.2 cm x 16.5 cm)
Core Depth
Up to 3" (7.6 cm)
Holes per sq ft
6.7
Working Speed
250 ft/min (4.57 km/h)
Productivity
Up to 23,000 sq ft/hr (2137 m2/h)
Weights and Dimensions
Net weight
265 lbs (120 kg)
Shipping weight
209 lbs (132 kg)
Removable weights
2 x 36 lbs (16.3 kg)
Height with handle folded
28" (71.1 cm)
Height overall
49½" (126 cm)
Length with handle folded
40" (101.6 cm)
Length Overall
48" (122 cm)
Width
26½" (67.3 cm)
*The power rating of the engines indicated is the average net power output (at specified rpm) of a typical production
engine for the engine model measured to SAE standard J1349/ISO1585. Mass production engines may differ from this
value. Actual power output for the engine installed in the final machine will depend on the operating speed, environmental
conditions and other variables.
BLUEBIRD-31
TECHNICAL DATA
Power Unit
H530A
Engine
Manufacturer
Honda
Type
GX120K1HX2
Power
4 hp* / 2.98kW
Clutch
Belt Tensioner
Primary Drive
V-Belt
Secondary Drive
Permalube Chain
Gear Reduction
6:1
Wheels
Bearings
Front - ¾" (1.9 cm) sealed ball bearings with stamping kit
Rear - ¾" (1.9 cm) roller bearing
Rear Tires
8" x 2" (20 cm x 5 cm) solid rubber
Front Tire
10" x 6" (25 cm x 15 cm) semi-pneumatic
Aeration
Tines
¾" (1.9 cm) open spoon tine, 30 per unit
Aeration Width
19" (48.3 cm)
Hole Pattern
34/5" x 6½" (9.7 cm x 16.5 cm)
Core Depth
Up to 3" (7.6 cm)
Holes per sq ft
7.7
Working Speed
250 ft/min (4.57 km/h)
Productivity
Up to 25,000 sq ft/hr (2323 m2/h)
Weights and Dimensions
Net weight
288 lbs (131 kg)
Shipping weight
355 lbs (161 kg)
Removable weights
2 x 36 lbs (16.3 kg)
Height with handle folded
37" (94 cm)
Height overall
51½" (130.8 cm)
Length with handle folded
39½" (100.3 cm)
Length Overall
57½" (146 cm)
Width
29¾" (75.6 cm)
*The power rating of the engines indicated is the average net power output (at specified rpm) of a typical production
engine for the engine model measured to SAE standard J1349/ISO1585. Mass production engines may differ from this
value. Actual power output for the engine installed in the final machine will depend on the operating speed, environmental
conditions and other variables.
32 - BLUEBIRD
TECHNICAL DATA
Power Unit
S530B
Engine
Manufacturer
Subaru
Type
EH12-2
Power
4 hp* / 2.98kW
Clutch
Belt Tensioner
Primary Drive
V-Belt
Secondary Drive
Permalube Chain
Gear Reduction
6:1
Wheels
Bearings
Front - ¾" (1.9 cm) sealed ball bearings with stamping kit
Rear - ¾" (1.9 cm) roller bearing
Rear Tires
8" x 2" (20 cm x 5 cm) solid rubber
Front Tire
10" x 6" (25 cm x 15 cm) semi-pneumatic
Aeration
Tines
¾" (1.9 cm) open spoon tine, 30 per unit
Aeration Width
19" (48.3 cm)
Hole Pattern
34/5" x 6½" (9.7 cm x 16.5 cm)
Core Depth
Up to 3" (7.6 cm)
Holes per sq ft
7.7
Working Speed
250 ft/min (4.57 km/h)
Productivity
Up to 25,000 sq ft/hr (2323 m2/h)
Weights and Dimensions
Net weight
288 lbs (131 kg)
Shipping weight
355 lbs (161 kg)
Removable weights
2 x 36 lbs (16.3 kg)
Height with handle folded
37" (94 cm)
Height overall
51½" (130.8 cm)
Length with handle folded
39½" (100.3 cm)
Length Overall
57½" (146 cm)
Width
29¾" (75.6 cm)
*The power rating of the engines indicated is the average net power output (at specified rpm) of a typical production
engine for the engine model measured to SAE standard J1349/ISO1585. Mass production engines may differ from this
value. Actual power output for the engine installed in the final machine will depend on the operating speed, environmental
conditions and other variables.
BLUEBIRD-33
TECHNICAL DATA
Power Unit
H742
Engine
Manufacturer
Honda
Type
GX120K1HX2
Power
4 hp* / 2.98kW
Clutch
Belt Tensioner
Primary Drive
V-Belt
Secondary Drive
Permalube Chain
Gear Reduction
6:1
Wheels
Bearings
Front - ¾" (1.9 cm) sealed ball bearings with stamping kit
Rear - ¾" (1.9 cm) roller bearing
Rear Tires
8" x 2" (20 cm x 5 cm) solid rubber
Front Tire
10" x 6" (25 cm x 15 cm) semi-pneumatic
Aeration
Tines
¾" (1.9 cm) open spoon tine, 42 per unit
Aeration Width
25.5" (64.8 cm)
Hole Pattern
33/5" x 6½" (9 cm x 16.5 cm)
Core Depth
Up to 3" (7.6 cm)
Holes per sq ft
8.1
Working Speed
290 ft/min (5.3 km/h)
Productivity
Up to 40,000 sq ft/hr (3716 m2/h)
Weights and Dimensions
Net weight
420 lbs (191 kg)
Shipping weight
487 lbs (221 kg)
Removable weights
2 x 36 lbs (16.3 kg)
Height with handle folded
28" (71.1 cm)
Height overall
52" (132 cm)
Length with handle folded
33" (83.3 cm)
Length Overall
54" (137 cm)
Width
38" (96.5 cm)
*The power rating of the engines indicated is the average net power output (at specified rpm) of a typical production
engine for the engine model measured to SAE standard J1349/ISO1585. Mass production engines may differ from this
value. Actual power output for the engine installed in the final machine will depend on the operating speed, environmental
conditions and other variables.
34 - BLUEBIRD
TECHNICAL DATA
Torque Specifications
Hex Head Cap Screws
The torque values shown should be used as a general guideline
when specific torque values are not given.
U.S. Standard Hardware
Shank Size (Diameter in inches, fine or coarse thread)
Grade
SAE Grade 5
SAE Grade 8
Flangelock Screw
w/Flangelock Nut
ft./lbs
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
¼
9
12
13
18
/16
18
24
28
38
24
33
/8
31
42
46
62
40
54
/16
50
68
75
108
½
75
102
115
156
/16
110
150
165
224
/8
150
203
225
305
¾
250
339
370
502
/8
378
513
591
801
1 /8
782
1060
1410
1912
5
3
7
9
5
7
1
** Grade 5 - Minimum commercial quality (lower quality not recommended)
Metric Standard Hardware
Shank Size (Diameter in millimeters, fine or coarse thread)
Grade
Grade 8.8
Grade 10.9
ft./lbs
ft./lbs
Nm
ft./lbs
M4
1.5
2
2.2
M5
3
4
4.5
M6
5.2
7
7.5
M7
8.2
11
M8
13.5
M10
Grade 12.9
Nm
ft./lbs
Nm
3
2.7
3.6
6
5.2
7
10
8.2
11
12
16
15
20
18
18.8
25
21.8
29
24
32
35.2
47
43.5
58
M12
43.5
58
62.2
83
75
100
M14
70.5
94
100
133
119
159
M16
108
144
147
196
176
235
M18
142
190
202
269
242
323
M20
195
260
275
366
330
440
M22
276
368
390
520
471
628
M24
353
470
498
664
596
794
M27
530
707
474
996
904
1205
BLUEBIRD-35
P/N 115 131127R1
10/2009
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