Elgar | SW 5550AE | Specifications | Elgar SW 5550AE Specifications

SmartWave™
Switching
Amplifier
Operation Manual
This manual covers models:
SW5550A
SW3700A
SW1850A
Contact Information
Telephone: 800 733 5427 (toll free in North America)
858 450 0085 (direct)
Fax: 858 458 0267
Email:
Domestic Sales: domorders.sd@ametek.com
International Sales: intlorders.sd@ametek.com
Customer Service: service.ppd@ametek.com
Web: www.programmablepower.com
.
March 2011
Document No. M161924-01 Rev D
About AMETEK
AMETEK Programmable Power, Inc., a Division of AMETEK, Inc., is a global leader in the design
and manufacture of precision, programmable power supplies for R&D, test and measurement,
process control, power bus simulation and power conditioning applications across diverse
industrial segments. From bench top supplies to rack-mounted industrial power subsystems,
AMETEK Programmable Power is the proud manufacturer of Elgar, Sorensen, California
Instruments and Power Ten brand power supplies.
AMETEK, Inc. is a leading global manufacturer of electronic instruments and electromechanical
devices with annualized sales of $2.5 billion. The Company has over 11,000 colleagues working
at more than 80 manufacturing facilities and more than 80 sales and service centers in the United
States and around the world.
Trademarks
AMETEK is a registered trademark of AMETEK, Inc.
Other trademarks, registered trademarks, and product names are the property of their respective
owners and are used herein for identification purposes only.
Notice of Copyright
SmartWave Switching Amplifier, Operation Manual © 2010 AMETEK Programmable Power, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Exclusion for Documentation
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, AMETEK PROGRAMMABLE POWER, INC.
(“AMETEK”):
(a) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY
TECHNICAL OR OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER
DOCUMENTATION.
(b) ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSSES, DAMAGES, COSTS OR
EXPENSES, WHETHER SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL,
WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY SUCH
INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S RISK, AND
(c) REMINDS YOU THAT IF THIS MANUAL IS IN ANY LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH,
ALTHOUGH STEPS HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO MAINTAIN THE ACCURACY OF THE
TRANSLATION, THE ACCURACY CANNOT BE GUARANTEED. APPROVED AMETEK CONTENT
IS CONTAINED WITH THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE VERSION, WHICH IS POSTED AT
WWW.PROGRAMMABLEPOWER.COM.
Date and Revision
March 2011 Revision D
Part Number
M161924-01
Contact Information
Telephone:
Fax:
Email:
Web:
800 733 5427 (toll free in North America)
858 450 0085 (direct)
858 458 0267
sales@programmablepower.com
service@programmablepower.com
www.programmablepower.com
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Important Safety Instructions
Before applying power to the system, verify that your product is configured properly for your
particular application.
Hazardous voltages may be present when covers are removed. Qualified
personnel must use extreme caution when servicing this equipment.
Circuit boards, test points, and output voltages also may be floating above
WARNING (below) chassis ground.
The equipment used contains ESD sensitive ports. When installing
equipment, follow ESD Safety Procedures. Electrostatic discharges might
cause damage to the equipment.
WARNING
Only qualified personnel who deal with attendant hazards in power supplies, are allowed to perform
installation and servicing.
Ensure that the AC power line ground is connected properly to the Power Rack input connector or
chassis. Similarly, other power ground lines including those to application and maintenance
equipment must be grounded properly for both personnel and equipment safety.
Always ensure that facility AC input power is de-energized prior to connecting or disconnecting any
cable.
In normal operation, the operator does not have access to hazardous voltages within the chassis.
However, depending on the user’s application configuration, HIGH VOLTAGES HAZARDOUS TO
HUMAN SAFETY may be normally generated on the output terminals. The customer/user must
ensure that the output power lines are labeled properly as to the safety hazards and that any
inadvertent contact with hazardous voltages is eliminated.
Guard against risks of electrical shock during open cover checks by not touching any portion of the
electrical circuits. Even when power is off, capacitors may retain an electrical charge. Use safety
glasses during open cover checks to avoid personal injury by any sudden component failure.
Neither AMETEK Programmable Power Inc., San Diego, California, USA, nor any of the subsidiary
sales organizations can accept any responsibility for personnel, material or inconsequential injury,
loss or damage that results from improper use of the equipment and accessories.
SAFETY SYMBOLS
iii
Product Family: SW5550A, SW3700A, SW1850A
Warranty Period: One Year
WARRANTY TERMS
AMETEK Programmable Power, Inc. (“AMETEK”), provides this written warranty covering the
Product stated above, and if the Buyer discovers and notifies AMETEK in writing of any defect in
material or workmanship within the applicable warranty period stated above, then AMETEK may,
at its option: repair or replace the Product; or issue a credit note for the defective Product; or
provide the Buyer with replacement parts for the Product.
The Buyer will, at its expense, return the defective Product or parts thereof to AMETEK in
accordance with the return procedure specified below. AMETEK will, at its expense, deliver the
repaired or replaced Product or parts to the Buyer. Any warranty of AMETEK will not apply if the
Buyer is in default under the Purchase Order Agreement or where the Product or any part
thereof:
is damaged by misuse, accident, negligence or failure to maintain the same as
specified or required by AMETEK;
is damaged by modifications, alterations or attachments thereto which are not
authorized by AMETEK;
is installed or operated contrary to the instructions of AMETEK;
is opened, modified or disassembled in any way without AMETEK’s consent; or
is used in combination with items, articles or materials not authorized by AMETEK.
The Buyer may not assert any claim that the Products are not in conformity with any warranty
until the Buyer has made all payments to AMETEK provided for in the Purchase Order Agreement.
PRODUCT RETURN PROCEDURE
1. Request a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number from the repair facility (must be
done in the country in which it was purchased):
In the USA, contact the AMETEK Repair Department prior to the return of the
product to AMETEK for repair:
Telephone:
800-733-5427, ext. 2295 or ext. 2463 (toll free North America)
858-450-0085, ext. 2295 or ext. 2463 (direct)
Outside the United States, contact the nearest Authorized Service Center
(ASC). A full listing can be found either through your local distributor or our
website, www.programmablepower.com, by clicking Support and going to the
Service Centers tab.
2. When requesting an RMA, have the following information ready:
Model number
Serial number
Description of the problem
NOTE: Unauthorized returns will not be accepted and will be returned at the shipper’s expense.
NOTE: A returned product found upon inspection by AMETEK, to be in specification is subject to
an evaluation fee and applicable freight charges.
iv
CONTENTS
SECTION 1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION
1.1
Introduction .................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2
Input Specifications ....................................................................................... 1-3
1.3
Output Specifications: Normal Operation Mode ............................................ 1-3
1.4
Waveform Specifications ............................................................................... 1-5
1.5
Measurements (Optional) .............................................................................. 1-5
1.5.1
Parameters Measured....................................................................... 1-5
1.5.2
Measurement Capabilities and Accuracies ....................................... 1-6
1.6
Protection and Safety .................................................................................... 1-9
1.7
Agency Requirements ................................................................................... 1-9
1.8
Physical Specifications (All Models) ............................................................ 1-10
1.9
Environmental Data ..................................................................................... 1-10
1.10
Other Standard Features ............................................................................. 1-10
1.11
Options ........................................................................................................ 1-12
1.12
Glossary of Technical Terms ....................................................................... 1-13
1.12.1 RMS Servo ...................................................................................... 1-13
1.12.2 Servo Boost..................................................................................... 1-13
1.12.3 X-Load ............................................................................................ 1-14
SECTION 2 INSTALLATION
2.1
Introduction .................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2
Unpacking...................................................................................................... 2-1
Operation Manual
v
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Contents
2.3
Pre-installation Inspection .............................................................................. 2-2
2.4
Installation ...................................................................................................... 2-2
2.5
Air Intake and Exhaust ................................................................................... 2-2
2.6
Installation/Dimensional Drawing ................................................................... 2-3
2.7
Input/Output Connectors ................................................................................ 2-6
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.7.1
BNC Connectors ................................................................................ 2-7
2.7.2
EXT IN (External Input)...................................................................... 2-7
2.7.3
DFI (Direct Fault Indicator) ................................................................ 2-8
2.7.4
IEEE 488.2 ........................................................................................ 2-9
2.7.5
Slave Connector ................................................................................ 2-9
2.7.6
Grounding ........................................................................................ 2-10
Input Power Requirements ........................................................................... 2-10
2.8.1
187 to 264 VRMS L–L 3-Phase Operation (3-Wire USA) ................ 2-12
2.8.2
342 to 457 VRMS L–L 3-Phase Operation (4-Wire INTL) ............... 2-12
2.8.3
Single-Phase Input Connections ..................................................... 2-12
Output Connections to the Load .................................................................. 2-13
2.9.1
SW 5550A Output Connections....................................................... 2-13
2.9.2
SW 3700A and SW 1850A Output Connections ............................. 2-15
2.9.3
Wiring of Unit ................................................................................... 2-15
Wire Gauge Selection .................................................................................. 2-15
SECTION 3 OPERATION
vi
3.1
Introduction .................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2
Front Panel Controls ...................................................................................... 3-1
3.3
Menus ............................................................................................................ 3-3
3.3.1
MAIN MENU ...................................................................................... 3-4
3.3.2
PROGRAM Menu .............................................................................. 3-5
3.3.3
MEASURE Menu ............................................................................... 3-8
3.3.4
WAVEFORM Menu ........................................................................... 3-9
3.3.5
SEQUENCE Menu........................................................................... 3-15
3.3.6
INSTR (Instrument) Menu................................................................ 3-22
3.3.7
SYSTEM Menu ................................................................................ 3-23
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Contents
3.4
Front Panel Programming Conventions ....................................................... 3-32
3.5
Front Panel Programming Exercises ........................................................... 3-33
3.6
3.5.1
Current Inrush Example .................................................................. 3-33
3.5.2
Voltage Spike Example ................................................................... 3-37
3.5.3
Voltage Dropout Example ............................................................... 3-41
SCPI Specification ....................................................................................... 3-44
SECTION 4 STANDARD WAVEFORMS
LIST OF TABLES
Table 2–1 Recommended Mounting Slide .................................................................. 2-3
Table 2–2 SW Input/Output Connectors (see Figure 2–3).......................................... 2-6
Table 2–3 EXT IN Connector Pinout........................................................................... 2-7
Table 2–4 DFI Connector Pinout ................................................................................ 2-8
Table 2–5 IEEE 488.2 Connector Pinout .................................................................... 2-9
Table 2–6 Slave Connector Pinout ............................................................................. 2-9
Table 2–7 Input Currents for 3-Phase Input Power .................................................. 2-11
Table 2–8 Single-Phase Input Configurations .......................................................... 2-11
Table 2–9 Recommended Wire Gauge Selection Guide .......................................... 2-16
Table 3–1 Sequence Execute Menu ......................................................................... 3-21
Table 3–2 SELF-TEST Results Definitions ............................................................... 3-24
Table 3–3 System External Menu ............................................................................. 3-27
Table 3–4 Fault Register Bit Definitions .................................................................... 3-28
Table 3–5 Fault Description and Action (FR1) .......................................................... 3-29
Table 3–6 Fault Description and Action (FR2) .......................................................... 3-30
Table 3–7 Fault Description and Action (FR3) .......................................................... 3-30
Operation Manual
vii
Contents
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1–1 Elgar Model SW 5550A AC Power Source (Rack Mount Version) ........... 1-1
Figure 2–1 Mounting Dimensions, SmartWave Front View ......................................... 2-3
Figure 2–2 Mounting Dimensions, SmartWave Top and Side Views .......................... 2-4
Figure 2–3 SmartWave Rear Panel ............................................................................ 2-5
Figure 2–4 Parallel Connections ............................................................................... 2-14
Figure 2–5 Sense Lead Connections for 3-Phase Output ......................................... 2-14
Figure 3–1 Front Panel Controls (SW 5550A) ............................................................. 3-1
viii
Operation Manual
SECTION 1
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
1.1
Introduction
The Elgar SmartWaveTM Models SW 5550A, SW 3700A, and SW 1850A use transformerless, direct coupled amplifiers and a true arbitrary waveform generator based
controller. This technology allows you to create, edit and generate complex waveforms
with high DC content for critical ATE and power line disturbance simulation testing.
The SmartWave can create complex waveforms with high DC content for simulating
real world power irregularities, including phase controlled sub-cycle or multi-cycle
dropouts, spikes, sags, surges, frequency excursions, plus frequency and voltage
ramps (sweeps). The unit can also generate clipped waveforms, harmonic distortion,
high current inrush, and other complex waveshapes.
Figure 1–1 Elgar Model SW 5550A AC Power Source (Rack Mount Version)
Operation Manual
1-1
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
General Description
The SmartWave model numbers are identified below:
SW5550 A–1–3–2–XXX
Power Options:
5550
3700
1850
Chassis Description:
A = Standard High Impedance
AE = Standard IEC Low Impedance
M, ME, S, SE = N/A
Power Conditioning Options:
1 = Rectifier USA
2 = Rectifier International
3 = PFC USA
4 = PFC International
5, 6 = N/A
Controller Options:
1 = Manual
2 = GPIB
3 = Arbitrary GPIB
Test and Measurement Options:
1 = No T&M
2 = Standard T&M
Non-Standard Options:
Blank = None
Programming is accomplished at the front panel or with a personal computer (PC) using
optional software. A GPIB card in the computer is also required.
A library of 50 factory-supplied waveshapes is provided in Flash Memory. Non-volatile
memory storage is available for an additional 50 user-created waveshapes.
Waveshapes from the libraries can be assigned amplitude and frequency parameters
and be stored as setups in non-volatile memory for immediate user recall. In addition,
you can create up to 1000 timed segments and link them together to form sequences
(transient programs).
The backlit graphics LCD display allows quick confirmation of waveforms when created
or edited from the front panel. Front panel BNCs provide waveform reference outputs
for oscilloscope viewing. The front panel also includes a keypad, a rotary knob, and
Help screens.
1-2
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
General Description
The SmartWave sources are true DC as well as AC power supplies. Up to 312 VRMS
are available in AC or AC+DC modes. Multi-phase models can be switched to single or
three-phased operation via the front panel or the GPIB.
A wide frequency range of DC or 40 Hz to 5 kHz is available for a broad array of
applications. Utilizing the latest in AC switch mode technology, the SmartWave has
less than -60 dB of noise and ripple with total harmonic distortion (THD) of <0.5% to
500 Hz. A crest factor of 3.25 provides high peak-to-RMS current capability. An
optional power factor correction (PFC) of .99 is also available.
1.2
Input Specifications
Input Power Ranges: Factory configured 187 to 264 VRMS, 3 L-L (3 wire),
or 342 to 457 VRMS, 3 L-L (4 wire). A chassis ground is also required for safety.
Input Power Factor: .6 with USA rectifier; .35 with INTL rectifier;
.99 with input PFC option.
Input Frequency Range: 47 to 63 Hz (47 to 440 Hz for PFC input only)
Efficiency: 70%, minimum, at full load.
Ride Through: 3 msec, minimum; 10 msec, minimum, with PFC option.
Input Current: Maximum currents are provided in Table 2–7 and Table 2–8.
Initial Turn-on Current Surge: Limited to less than peak value listed in
Table 2–7 and Table 2–8.
1.3
Output Specifications: Normal Operation Mode
Calibration Interval: 1 year.
Power Factor of Load: 0 lagging to 0 leading.
AC or DC Output Voltage: 0 to 156 VRMS L-N range 0; 0 to 312 VRMS L-N range 1.
Output Current Per Phase: 16A at 115V in 156V range; 8.0A at 230V in 312V range
(1850 VA maximum).
Crest Factor: 3.25 (peak output current to RMS output current).
Output Frequency: DC, or 40 Hz to 5 kHz.
Output Power: 1850 VA, maximum, per phase.
Operation Manual
1-3
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
General Description
Total Harmonic Distortion (Full Linear Load or No Load): 0.25% maximum, 40 to
100 Hz; 0.5% maximum to 500 Hz; and 1% maximum to 1 kHz plus 1%/kHz to 5 kHz.
AC Noise Level: >60 dB RMS below full output (sine wave, 40 to 500 Hz).
Amplitude Stability With Remote Sense: ±0.1% of full scale over 24 hours at
constant line, load and temperature.
Load Regulation: ±0.025% of full scale voltage for a full resistive load to no load;
above 1 kHz, add ±0.015%/kHz.
Line Regulation (DC, or 40 Hz to 5 kHz): ±0.025% of full scale for a ±10% input line
change.
Voltage Accuracy: ±0.1% of range. Above 1 kHz, add 0.2%/kHz. Add ±0.1% of full
scale for "AC PLUS DC" mode. Valid for 5 to 156 VRMS and 10 to 312 VRMS at 25°C
(77°F), sense leads connected. Temperature coefficient less than 50 ppm/°C.
Voltage Resolution: 0.05% of full scale.
Frequency Resolution: 0.01 Hz:
40 to 99.99 Hz
0.05 Hz:
100 to 999.9 Hz
0.5 Hz:
1000 to 5000 Hz
Frequency Accuracy: ±0.01% at 25°C ±0.001%/°C.
Phase Accuracy, Phase-to-Phase Balanced Linear Resistive Load:
±1°, 40 Hz to 1 kHz, plus ±1°/kHz above 1 kHz.
Phase Angle Resolution: 0.1°.
Remote Output Voltage Sense: 5 VRMS total lead drop, maximum.
Output Impedance: 5550 parallel mode, 312V range - meets requirements of
IEC-1000-3-2, Annex A, Supply Source. Valid for equipment classes A, B, C, and D.
1-4
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
1.4
General Description
Waveform Specifications
Waveshape Libraries: 50 factory-supplied in flash memory; storage available for up to
50 user created in non-volatile RAM.
User Created Setups: A total of 100 steady-state waveforms, consisting of
parameters such as waveshapes from the libraries plus amplitude, frequency, phase
angle and current limit.
Sequencing/Transient Programs: 1000 user-created segments stored in non-volatile
RAM up to 100 segments per sequence. Segments include wave-shape, amplitude,
frequency, phase angle, time (from 1 msec to 7 days), and number of cycles.
MIL-STD-704 Transients: Factory-supplied sequencing program.
1.5
Measurements (Optional)
1.5.1
Parameters Measured
1- to 3-Phase to Neutral RMS Output Voltages
1- to 3-Phase to Phase Voltages are Calculated
1- to 3-Phase RMS Output Currents
1- to 3-Phase Peak Current
Output Frequency
1- to 3-Phase Power
1- to 3-Phase VA
Power Factor of Load Calculated from 1 or 3 Phases
Output Phase B and C Relative to Phase A
Operation Manual
1-5
General Description
1.5.2
1.5.2.1
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Measurement Capabilities and Accuracies
Measurement Capability
4½ Digit Analog to Digital Measurement System
Temperature Range for Specified Accuracy: 25°C ±5°C.
Operating Temperature Range: 0°C to 45°C (32°F to 113°F).
1.5.2.2
Phase to Neutral RMS Voltage Measurement
Valid for phases A, B and C (use phase A for Parallel Mode).
Range: 0V to 350.0V, plus sign bit for DC mode.
Accuracy: ±0.3% of range, DC or 47 Hz to 1 kHz;
±0.5% of range, 40 to 47 Hz and for 1 kHz to 5 kHz.
Temperature Coefficient: ±200 ppm/°C outside specified range.
1.5.2.3
Phase to Phase RMS Voltage Calculation
Calculated from Phase to Neutral voltages and phases.
Range: 0V to 700V.
Accuracy and Temperature Coefficient: Same as for the Phase to Neutral voltage
(see paragraph 1.5.2.2 above).
1.5.2.4
RMS Current Measurement
Valid for phases A, B, and C (use phase A for Parallel Mode).
Range 1: 0A to 7.5A, plus sign bit for DC mode; 3-phase mode, 312V range.
Range 2: 0A to 15A, plus sign bit for DC mode; 3-phase mode, 156V range.
Range 3: 0A to 22.5A, plus sign bit for DC mode; parallel mode, 312V range.
Range 4: 0A to 45A, plus sign bit for DC mode; parallel mode, 156V range.
Accuracy: ±1.0% of range, DC or 40 Hz to 500 Hz; add ±1.5%/kHz above 500 Hz.
Accuracies are specified for a maximum crest factor of 3.25.
Temperature Coefficient: ±300 ppm/°C outside specified range.
1-6
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
1.5.2.5
General Description
Peak Current Measurement
Valid for phases A, B, and C (use phase A for Parallel Mode).
Range 1: 0A to 28A; 3-phase mode, 312V range.
Range 2: 0A to 56A; 3-phase mode, 156V range.
Range 3: 0A to 84A; parallel mode, 312V range.
Range 4: 0A to 168A; parallel mode, 156V range.
Accuracy: ±5% of range, 40 to 500 Hz; add ±1%/kHz, 500 to 5 kHz.
Temperature Coefficient: ±300 ppm/°C outside specified range.
1.5.2.6
Power Measurement
Valid for phases A, B, and C. Up to 3 phase total power and parallel mode
(use phase A for parallel mode).
Range 1: 0 kW to 1.8 kW; 3-phase mode.
Range 2: 0 kW to 5.6 kW; parallel mode and total 3-phase power.
Accuracy: ±2.5% of range, DC or 40 to 500 Hz for crest factors <2.0.
Add ±1% for crest factors up to 3.25. Add ±1%/kHz above 500 Hz.
Temperature Coefficient: ±500 ppm/°C outside specified range.
1.5.2.7
VA Measurement
Valid for phases A, B, and C. Up to 3 phase total VA and parallel mode
(use phase A for parallel mode).
Range 1: 0 kW to 1.8 kVA; 3-phase mode.
Range 2: 0 kW to 5.6 kVA; parallel mode and total 3-phase power.
Accuracy: ±2.5% of range, DC or 40 to 500 Hz for crest factors <2.0.
Add ±1% for crest factors up to 3.25. Add ±1%/kHz above 500 Hz.
Temperature Coefficient: ±500 ppm/°C outside specified range.
Operation Manual
1-7
General Description
1.5.2.8
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Power Factor Calculation
Valid for phases A, B, C, and TOTAL (use phase A for Parallel Mode).
The Power Factor is calculated from the Power and VA measurements. Phase powers
are measured then the total power is calculated; phase VAs are measured then the
total VA is calculated. Power is divided by VA; the result is the Power Factor.
Range: 0 to 1.00.
Accuracy: ±5% of range at full power, DC or 40 to 500 Hz for crest factors <2.0.
Add ±2% for crest factors up to 3.25. Add ±1%/kHz above 500 Hz.
Temperature Coefficient: ±500 ppm/°C outside specified range.
1.5.2.9
Frequency Measurement
Frequencies are calculated based on output zero crossing time measurements. To
minimize errors due to switching noise, a 1 s filter is used to filter the output signal
before the zero comparator.
Resolution: Frequency is displayed to 5 figures maximum; the leading zeros are
blanked. Displayed resolution is 0.01 Hz.
Accuracy: ±0.5% of reading, at 10% to full output voltage, 0°C to 45°C
(32°F to 113°F).
1.5.2.10 Phase Measurement
Valid for phases A, B, and C relative to each other.
The phase of measured signals are calculated from timing measurements. The
reference is the negative to positive zero crossing of the internal reference (sync pulse)
signal. End of timing is the negative to positive crossing of the signals being measured
with respect to the internal reference. These timing measurements are used to
calculate the phase lead between the two phases being measured.
Resolution: ±1° (for outputs above 20 VRMS).
Accuracy: ±2°, 40 to 500 Hz; add ±2°/kHz above 500 Hz.
For sine wave, balanced resistive load, 10% to 100% of voltage measurement range.
All accuracies are specified for 0°C to 45°C (32°F to 113°F).
1-8
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
1.6
General Description
Protection and Safety
Overvoltage Shutdown: Programmable for 15V to 255V peak, 156V range;
30V to 510V peak, 312V range.
Undervoltage Shutdown: Automatic, not programmable.
Programmable Current Limit Shutdown: Can be set to 1% of range;
0.5A to 16A for 156V range, 0.5A to 8.0A for 312V range.
Programmable Current Limit with Timed Shutdown: Can be set to 1% of range;
the timeout can be set from 100 msec to 10 sec.
Programmable Constant Current: Can be set to 1% of range;
0.5A to 16A for 156V range, 0.5A to 8.0A for 312V range.
For all current accuracies, ±1% of full scale, add ±1.5%/kHz above 500 Hz.
For paralleled amplifiers, add ±1%.
Temperature Coefficient: <200 ppm/°C.
Overtemperature Shutdown: Automatic, not programmable.
1.7
Agency Requirements
The SmartWave is designed to meet the following agency requirements:
UL 3111
CUL 1010
EN 61010
EN 50081-2
EN 50082-1
IEC 555-2
IEC 801-2, -3 and -4
FCC Part 15, Class A
Operation Manual
1-9
General Description
1.8
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Physical Specifications (All Models)
Height: 8.75" (222 mm)
Width: 19" (483 mm)
Depth: 23.5" (597 mm)
Weight: SW 5550A - 126.5 lbs. (57.2 kg)
SW 3700A - 100 lbs. (45.4 kg)
SW 1850A - 73 lbs. (33.1 kg)
Cooling: Air is drawn in from the top and sides and exhausted through the rear of the
chassis. 200 CFM is required for specified operation.
1.9
Environmental Data
Operating Temperature: 0°C to 45°C (32°F to 113°F).
Note temperature measured at air inlet of SW. If cabinet mounted, cabinet inlet air may
be rated at lower maximum temperature due to warming of inlet air.
Storage Temperature: -40°C to 70°C (-40°F to 158°F).
Humidity (Non-condensing): 0 to 85% at 25°C (77°F);
derate to 50% at 40°C (104°F).
1.10
Other Standard Features
1- to 3-Phase Programmable
IEEE 488.2 Interface
SCPI Protocol
Waveform Trigger Output
(1 Meg Load Drive; positive edge is at 0° ±30 s, 0 to 5V logic)
BNC Outputs for Waveform Viewing
(1 Meg Load Drive, 1.25 VRMS = Full Scale)
1-10
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
General Description
SYNC OUT. User programmed for:
Cycle Start, all cycles
Segment Start. all segments
Segment Start, selected segments
For loads 2 k : Vout 1V Low State; Vout 2.4V High State; Negative edge is
at 0° ±30 s.
CLOCK/LOCK – Input/Output Connection
CLOCK configures BNC to output pulses at programmed frequency for loads 2
k Vout 1V Low State; Vout 2.4V High State. Negative edge is at 0° ±30 s.
LOCK configures BNC to input 'TTL' frequency; signal needs to supply pull down
current of 15 mA with voltage drop of 0.6V; no pull up needed. Negative edge
is at 0° ±30 s.
PLL Specifications
External PLL input frequency range is 40.00 Hz to 5000.00 Hz.
Tracking range is ±10% of programmed PLL center frequency.
External PLL input duty cycle is 50% ±10%.
External PLL input slew rate is .02% of input frequency/second, maximum, which
produces a maximum phase shift of 5° from the external PLL input falling edge to
the output rising edge.
The rising edge of the output will be locked to the falling edge of the external PLL
input and will have less than a 30 sec propagation delay.
Maximum output jitter when locked is <1% of external PLL input period.
PLL lock is achieved in <5 seconds.
External Amplitude Modulation
0 to 5 VRMS provides 0 to 20% output amplitude modulation
(±2% of full scale output).
External Direct Input
Normal Amplifier, 0 to 5 VRMS (DC to 5 kHz) or ±5 VDC input for zero to full
scale programmed voltage output (±2% of full scale output).
Operation Manual
1-11
General Description
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
External Gain Control
0 to ±7.07 VDC provides zero to full scale programmed voltage output
(±2% of full scale output).
External Input Impedance
30 k .
System Firmware
System firmware is stored in flash memory. This makes it possible to upgrade
the firmware without disassembling or returning the unit.
1.11
Options
Parallelable For Additional Power above 5550A VA
External Waveform Creation Software
Input Power Factor Correction to 0.99
Test and Measurement
5V and 26V, 26VA Auxiliary AC outputs for 115V input, 350-450 Hz.
SPECIFICATIONS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.
1-12
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
1.12
Glossary of Technical Terms
1.12.1
RMS Servo
General Description
An RMS Servo uses a feedback scheme to regulate the RMS value of the output
voltage or current by adjusting the RMS value of the reference input signal. For
example, if the output sags under load by 1%, the reference input is increased by 1%.
Thus, the net sag is zero and steady-state load regulation is greatly improved (―DC‖
output impedance is very low). Typically, it takes several cycles to respond to new load
conditions.
In some cases, such as IEC-1000-3-3 flicker testing, it is undesirable to have such a
low ―DC‖ output impedance. The servo should be bypassed. The SmartWave allows
you to turn the servo off by selecting ―Low Frequency ON‖ in the System/External
menu.
The programmed voltage accuracy of the SmartWave is approximately ±1% when the
servo is turned off, and the 312V range load regulation at 50 Hz is approximately -0.33
V/Amp (-0.11 V/Amp in the parallel mode). If tighter voltage accuracy is required, use
the Measurement menu to read the actual output voltage and adjust the program value
as necessary.
1.12.2
Servo Boost
Servo Boost is an enhancement to an RMS Servo, used to improve its low voltage
performance.
An RMS Servo uses an analog multiplier to adjust the reference input. Under certain
conditions, the multiplier range is insufficient to correct for the output sag. For example:
An amplifier has an output impedance of 1 at 2000 Hz. The load current is 10
Amps. This causes the output to sag by 10 volts. If the programmed output was
230 VRMS, the reference multiplier would have to multiply the reference by
1.045 to bring the output back to 230V.
However, if the output was programmed to be 10.02 VRMS, the multiplier value
would have to be 500 in order to bring the output back to 10.02V. This large
dynamic range is not practical in the analog domain.
To overcome this limitation at low programmed voltages, the reference signal going into
the multiplier is maintained at a minimum of 10% of its full scale value, and the
multiplier value is allowed to drop to a fraction of its ―normal‖ value. This function is
called Servo Boost.
In the example above, to maintain 10.02 VRMS in a 300 VRMS full scale system,
the multiplier values are 0.25 at no load and 0.33 at 10A, a much smaller
dynamic range (vs. 500:1 in the example).
Operation Manual
1-13
General Description
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
The SmartWave allows you to select boost On or Off. In some applications, the
transient response time associated with the boost function is unacceptable, but tight
RMS regulation is still required. Boost should be turned off in such cases. An example
is when a sequence is programmed with various sags and surges which must have
sharp transitions from one RMS voltage to another.
The SmartWave defaults to Boost Off in Sequence mode if the sequence ―End Mode‖ is
selected to be ―Program Menu,‖ the system boost control should be set off to prevent a
―tail‖ from occurring during the transition out of the sequence mode (due to the servo
tracking to a new steady state condition). See the System menu, Section 3.3.7.
1.12.3
X-Load
The bane of all closed loop amplifiers is loop stability: gain and phase margin. The
SmartWave is guaranteed to be stable for power factors from 0 leading to 0 lagging.
The most difficult load for most amplifiers, as with the SmartWave, is driving large
capacitive loads (10-10,000 F).
Though stable with its normal loop compensation, the SmartWave can provide
additional phase/gain margin with these unusual loads by selecting X-Load On. This
significantly improves the transient response of the amplifier.
X-Load should only be used for reactive loads, and with programmed frequencies of
less than 1000 Hz.
1-14
Operation Manual
SECTION 2
INSTALLATION
2.1
Introduction
The Elgar Model SW 5550A, SW 3700A, or SW 1850A has been fully calibrated and
tested prior to shipment. The instrument is ready for immediate use upon receipt.
WARNING! The SmartWave unit weighs 73–126.5 lbs. (33.1–57.2 kg),
depending on the model. A minimum two–person lift is required!
WARNING! Hazardous voltages are present when operating this
equipment. Please read the Safety Notice at the beginning of this
manual prior to installation, operation, or maintenance.
2.2
Unpacking
Perform a visual inspection of the shipping container prior to accepting the package
from the carrier. If extensive damage to the shipping container is evident, a description
of the damage should be noted on the carrier's receipt and signed by the driver of the
carrier agent.
If damage is not apparent until the instrument is unpacked, a claim for concealed
damage should be placed with the carrier. In addition, the shipping container(s) and
filler material should be saved for inspection. Forward a report of damage to the Elgar
Service Department. Elgar will provide instructions for repair or replacement of the
instrument.
If the instrument needs to be returned to Elgar, suitable shipping containers and
packing materials must be used. If proper packing material is not available, contact
Elgar to provide containers and shipping instructions.
Operation Manual
2-1
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
2.3
Pre-installation Inspection
Perform a visual inspection of the instrument when it is removed from the shipping
container. Check for shipping damage such as dents, scratches, distortion, and
damaged connectors.
2.4
Installation
The SmartWave unit is 8.75" (222 mm) high and is designed to be installed in a
standard 19" (483 mm) RETMA rack or a transit case; pem-nuts are provided for
mounting optional slides.
CAUTION!
Avoid blocking the instrument air intakes or exhaust.
2.5
Air Intake and Exhaust
The air intakes are located on the top and side panels of the instrument and the
exhaust is through the rear panel. Care must be taken not to block the side air intakes;
the top air intakes allow for improved cooling if this air is available. No special vertical
separation is required when stacking instruments. However, a 1.75" (45 mm) vertical
spacer above the instrument may improve cooling. The temperature of the intake air
should not exceed 113°F (45°C).
At full power the unit dissipates over 2250W with the PFC option. It is important that
the heat produced is properly vented to the exterior of the chassis. Special baffling to
control air flow may be required to prevent hot exhaust air being drawn into the intakes
if the unit is to be run continuously at full power.
The preferred mounting method for full power operation is bottom mounting. Slide
mounting may impair air flow from the side air intakes. If slides must be used, select
narrow slides to minimize restrictions to air flow and select cabinets without wide rails
which can block air flow.
Refer to Table 2–1 for the recommended slides and Figure 2–2 for the mounting
location.
Periodic cleaning is required to ensure that dust build-up within the chassis does not
restrict airflow through the modules, which could lead to overheating of the system. A
strong vacuum cleaner may be used to remove dust from the various assemblies within
the SW chassis. Compressed air is not recommended.
2-2
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
2.6
Installation
Installation/Dimensional Drawing
Refer to Figure 2–1 and Figure 2–2 for information on outline and mounting dimensions
of the unit and customer wiring conduit details. Refer to Figure 2–3 and Table 2–2
through Table 2–6 for rear panel connector information.
TYPE
Mounting Kit (for slides)
Slides
MANUFACTURER
PART NUMBER
Jonathan
Accuride
BK-3
C-3307-16D
Table 2–1 Recommended Mounting Slide
Figure 2–1 Mounting Dimensions, SmartWave Front View
Operation Manual
2-3
Installation
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Figure 2–2 Mounting Dimensions, SmartWave Top and Side Views
2-4
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
Figure 2–3 SmartWave Rear Panel
Operation Manual
2-5
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
2.7
Input/Output Connectors
Table 2–2 provides a listing of the SW input and output connectors and other data.
Table 2–3 through Table 2–6 provide specific pinout information.
NOTE: The RS232 AND AUX OUT connectors (Figure 2–3, Items 4 and 8,
respectively) are Elgar proprietary; thus, the pinouts will not be provided.
ITEM #
NAME
TYPE
MANUFACTURER / PART #
1
SYNC OUT
BNC
KINGS, PN KC-79-179
2
CLOCK & LOCK
BNC
KINGS, PN KC-79-179
3
EXT IN ±7.5V MAX
15 POS SUB-D FEMALE
(Gold Contacts)
AMP, PN 747052-3
4
RS232
9 POS SUB-D MALE
(Gold Contacts)
AMP, PN 747043-4
5
DFI
9 POS SUB-D FEMALE
(Gold Contacts)
AMP, PN 747052-4
6
IEEE 488.2
25 POS FEMALE
(Gold Contacts)
AMP, PN 554434-1
7
SLAVE
37 POS SUB-D FEMALE
ITT CANNON, PN ADC37SOL2
8
AUX OUT
4 POS MINIFIT JR
MOLEX, PN 39-29-9045
9
OUTPUT POWER
6 POS (#6 HDW)
TERMINAL BARRIER
MAGNUM,
PN A304106-07-CA-MP8
10
REMOTE SENSE
6 POS (#6 HDW)
TERMINAL BARRIER
MAGNUM,
PN A304106-07-CA-MP8
PHASE A FUSE F1*
480VAC 50A
TIME DELAY
BUSSMAN, SC50
LITTLEFUSE, SLC50
PHASE B FUSE F2*
480VAC 50A
TIME DELAY
BUSSMAN, SC40
LITTLEFUSE, SLC40
PHASE C FUSE F3*
600VAC 20A
TIME DELAY
GOULD SHAWMUT ATDR20
LITTLEFUSE CCMR20
12
INPUT,
NEUTRAL LUG,
SINGLE BARREL
90A, 8AWG-2AWG
PANDUIT, PN C070-14-Q
13
SAFETY GROUND
STUD
#1/4-20 X .75 LG
14
CHASSIS GROUND
STUD
#1/4-20 X .75 LG
11
* Refer to Table 2–7 and Table 2–8 for Fuse Ampere Rating
Table 2–2 SW Input/Output Connectors (see Figure 2–3)
2-6
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
2.7.1
Installation
BNC Connectors
The diagram below illustrates the signal and return connections. Refer to Figure 2–3,
Items 1 and 2.
2.7.2
EXT IN (External Input)
Refer to Figure 2–3, Item 3.
PIN #
MNEMONIC
LEVEL
1
SHIELD
CHASSIS
2
SHIELD
CHASSIS
3
SHIELD
CHASSIS
4
SHIELD
CHASSIS
5
SHIELD
CHASSIS
6 through 9
Not Used
Not Used
10
EXT_IN_A
±7.25 Vpeak
DC to 5000 Hz, 30 k
11
EXT_IN_B
±7.25 Vpeak
DC to 5000 Hz, 30 k
12
EXT_IN_C
±7.25 Vpeak
DC to 5000 Hz, 30 k
13
EXT_RETURN
±20 Vpeak
WRT CHASSIS GROUND
14 and 15
Not Used
Not Used
Table 2–3 EXT IN Connector Pinout
Operation Manual
2-7
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
2.7.3
DFI (Direct Fault Indicator)
The DFI connector on the rear panel has both input and output functionality.
The DFI Output Relay indicates a shutdown fault has occurred on the SW. It is a SPST
reed relay with rear panel connections to the normally closed output contacts. When
the SW is operating the relay is energized so that the contacts are open. When a fault
occurs, or if the unit should lose power, the relay closes to indicate a fault has occurred.
The DFI Output Relay will remain latched until the front panel Power switch is cycled.
The DFI Input Signal is used to command the SW to open the Output relay, and close
the DFI relay. It is a TTL-compatible input with a 1 k input impedance, a 10 k pullup
to +5 VDC, and clamping diodes to +5 VDC and ground. A signal with a negative going
edge from +5 VDC to ground will trigger the DFI response.
Refer to Figure 2–3, Item 5.
PIN #
MNEMONIC
LEVEL
1
DFI RLY COMM
—
2
Not Used
—
3
DFI IN +
4 and 5
Not Used
—
6
DFI RLY N.O.
—
7
Not Used
—
8
DFI IN RTN
TTL
9
IEEE 488.2
SIGNAL GND
TTL (10 k
input impedance)
Table 2–4 DFI Connector Pinout
2-8
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
2.7.4
Installation
IEEE 488.2
Refer to Figure 2–3, Item 6.
PIN #
MNEMONIC
PIN #
MNEMONIC
PIN #
MNEMONIC
1
DIO1
9
IFC
17
REN
2
DIO2
10
SRQ
18
GND (TW PAIR W/DAV)
3
DIO3
11
ATN
19
GND (TW PAIR W/NRFD)
4
DIO4
12
SHIELD
20
GND (TW PAIR W/NDAC)
5
EOI
13
DIO5
21
GND (TW PAIR W/IFC)
6
DAV
14
DIO6
22
GND (TW PAIR W/SRQ)
7
NRFD
15
DIO7
23
GND (TW PAIR W/ATN)
8
NDAC
16
DIO8
24
SIGNAL GROUND
Table 2–5 IEEE 488.2 Connector Pinout
2.7.5
Slave Connector
Refer to Figure 2–3, Item 7.
PIN #
MNEMONIC
PIN #
MNEMONIC
PIN #
MNEMONIC
1
AGND_BUS
14
AGND_BUS
26
-15A_BUS
2
AGND_BUS
15
ISNSC-_BUS
27
AGND_BUS
3
AGND_BUS
16
ISNSB-_BUS
28
+5D_MAS
4
+15A_BUS
17
AGND_BUS
29
AGND_BUS
5
AGND_BUS
18
ISNSA-_BUS
30
DRC+_BUS
6
-15A_BUS
19
NOT USED
31
DRB+_BUS
7
/R1_BUS
20
TSA_BUS
32
AGND_BUS
8
/R0_BUS
21
TSB_BUS
33
DRA+_BUS
9
+5D_MAS
22
TSC_BUS
34
ISNSC+_BUS
10
DRC-_BUS
23
/RST_BUS
35
AGND_BUS
11
AGND_BUS
24
/FAULT_BUS
36
ISNSB+_BUS
12
DRB-_BUS
25
/DC_STOP_BUS
37
ISNSA+_BUS
13
DRA-_BUS
Table 2–6 Slave Connector Pinout
Electrical Specification: All voltages less than ±20VPK with respect to chassis ground.
Operation Manual
2-9
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
2.7.6
Grounding
The three waveform outputs (TRIGGER OUT, CLOCK & LOCK,
SYNC OUT) share the same ground. This ground should not
exceed ±20V Peak from chassis ground. If possible, this ground
should be connected to the chassis.
DFI and IEEE 488.2 share the same signal ground.
2.8
Input Power Requirements
Input power is connected to the SW 5550A, SW 3700A, or SW 1850A via the rear
panel connectors. See Table 2–7 and Table 2–8 for input current values.
WARNING!
An overcurrent protection device (i.e., circuit breaker) is required
in the building installation. The circuit breaker should be rated for
continuous current as required by the SW system (see Table 2–2).
Installation should comply with local safety standards.
A device to disconnect the SW system from the energy supply
source is also required. This switch or circuit breaker must be
close to the SW system, within easy reach of the operator, and
clearly labeled as the disconnection device for the SW system.
2-10
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
MAXIMUM
LINE
CURRENT
SW 5550A (SW 5550M, SW 5550S)
PFC
PFC
RECT
RECT
Installation
MAXIMUM
NEUTRAL
CURRENT
F1-F3
FUSE
RATING
RECOMMENDED
CIRCUIT BREAKER
RATING (MAX.)
USA
INTL
USA
INTL
27A RMS
14A RMS
42A RMS
42A RMS
Not Required
14A RMS
Not Required
72A RMS
40A
20A
50A
50A
40A RMS
20A RMS
50A RMS
50A RMS
SW 3700A
PFC
USA
PFC
INTL
RECT
USA
RECT
INTL
27A RMS
14A RMS
28A RMS
28A RMS
Not Required
14A RMS
Not Required
48A RMS
40A
20A
40A
40A
40A RMS
20A RMS
40A RMS
40A RMS
SW 1850A
PFC
USA
PFC
INTL
RECT
USA
RECT
INTL
15A RMS
14A RMS
14A RMS
14A RMS
Not Required
14A RMS
Not Required
25A RMS
20A
20A
20A
20A
20A RMS
20A RMS
20A RMS
20A RMS
Table 2–7 Input Currents for 3-Phase Input Power
REQ’D INPUT
CONNECT 1TERMINAL
PHASE INPUT VOLTAGE
JUMPER
POWER TO
CONNECTIONS
MAXIMUM
INPUT
CURRENT
F1-F3
FUSE
RATING
RECOMMENDED
CIRCUIT BREAKER
RATING (MAX.)
30A RMS
40A
40A RMS
45A RMS
20A
40A RMS
30A RMS
40A
40A RMS
30A RMS
20A
40A RMS
15A RMS
20A
20A RMS
15A RMS
20A
20A RMS
SW 5550A
PFC* USA
F1 to F2
PFC INTL
F1 to F2,
F2 to F3
187-264
VRMS, L-L
187-264
F1, Neutral
VRMS, L-N
F1, F3
SW 3700A
PFC USA
F1 & F2
F1, F3
PFC INTL
F1 to F2,
F2 to F3
F1, Neutral
PFC USA
None
F1, F3
PFC INTL
None
F1, Neutral
187-264
VRMS L-L
187-264
VRMS L-N
SW 1850A
187-264
VRMS L-L
187-264
VRMS L-N
* Only Phase A and Phase B are present at the output.
Table 2–8 Single-Phase Input Configurations
Operation Manual
2-11
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
2.8.1
187 to 264 VRMS L–L 3-Phase Operation (3-Wire USA)
Connect the input wires to the phase A (F1), B (F2), and C (F3) input fuse terminals
(no Neutral is required). Ensure that the chassis safety ground is also connected.
Use cables with ratings equal to or greater than the current rating listed on the unit or in
Table 2–7. Any phase sequence of wiring can be used.
2.8.2
342 to 457 VRMS L–L 3-Phase Operation (4-Wire INTL)
It is essential that the Neutral connection is present when using the unit. An external
circuit breaker is required for the 3-phase voltages. Only units that are factory set at this
voltage will operate at this voltage.
CAUTION!
For units built before June 2004, the Neutral must not be broken by
an external switch. Severe damage to the unit may occur if Neutral is
broken and phase voltage is present.
Connect the input wires to phases A (F1), B (F2), C (F3) and Neutral. Ensure that the
chassis safety ground is also connected. Use cables with ratings equal to or greater
than the current rating listed on the unit or in Table 2–7.
2.8.3
Single-Phase Input Connections
The SW system is designed for three-phase input power operation, either 3-wire (USA)
or 4-wire (EUR) plus a chassis safety ground. However, if only single-phase input
power is available, the configurations listed in Table 2–8 are possible.
An overcurrent protection device and a device for disconnecting the single-phase
energy supply source are required as indicated in Section 2.8 above.
2-12
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
2.9
Output Connections to the Load
2.9.1
SW 5550A Output Connections
Installation
The Model SW 5550A can power 1-phase, 2-phase and 3-phase loads. Local or
remote sensing can be used; if no sense lines are connected, the unit automatically
reverts to local sense. Outputs may be directly paralleled for greater power. If the
outputs are paralleled it is important to program the unit to the parallel mode before
shorting the outputs together (refer to Figure 2–4). Outputs cannot be placed in series
since the Neutral is common. However, by programming two phases 180° apart,
double voltage, single phase is achieved.
Any phase sequence of wiring can be used.
The sense Neutral is also common. Thus, it is important to wire the sense wires
properly (refer to Figure 2–5). If remote sense is used:
Sense A is connected to Power A;
Sense B is connected to Power B;
Sense C is connected to Power C; and
Neutral Sense is connected to Neutral Power.
The three waveform outputs (TRIGGER OUT, CLOCK & LOCK,
SYNC OUT) share the same ground. This ground should not
exceed ±20V Peak from chassis ground. If possible, this ground
should be connected to the chassis.
Output power neutral must be connected to chassis ground for
safe operation. The SW system is shipped with a green/yellow
wire connected from output power neutral to chassis ground.
It is important that the Neutral not be >20V away from the chassis
potential; the unit will shut down if this voltage is exceeded.
If a transformer or inductive load is present, the unit should be programmed to AC.
This prevents small amounts of DC being generated, which may saturate the
magnetics.
For best performance, the sense leads should be connected and output neutral should
be connected to chassis ground.
Operation Manual
2-13
Installation
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Figure 2–4 Parallel Connections
Figure 2–5 Sense Lead Connections for 3-Phase Output
2-14
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
The output power and sense leads should be shielded and the shield connected to the
chassis to prevent noise pickup (or radiation to sensitive circuits in the vicinity). Again,
the shield should be connected to chassis ground.
Due to the high voltages present, 312 VRMS line-to-neutral and 437 VRMS line-to-line
cables rated to these voltages must be used for both the Power and Sense leads.
2.9.2
SW 3700A and SW 1850A Output Connections
The Model SW 3700A has phase A and phase B present; phase C is an open circuit.
Make connections as for the SW 5550A but with phase C missing.
The Model SW 1850A has only phase A present; phases B and C are open circuits.
2.9.3
Wiring of Unit
Due to the high voltages and frequencies involved, it is recommended that all input and
output wiring is protected with flexible conduit. Holes for this purpose are made in the
terminal box (see Figure 2–2). All wiring must meet local standards for safety.
2.10
Wire Gauge Selection
The following guidelines assist in determining the optimum cable specification for
your power applications. These guidelines are equally applicable to both DC and low
frequency AC (up to 450 Hz) power cabling. The same engineering rules apply whether
going into or out of an electrical device. Thus, this guide applies equally to the input
cable and output cable for this Elgar instrument and application loads.
Power cables must be able to safely carry maximum load current without overheating or
causing insulation destruction. It is important to everyday performance to minimize IR
(voltage drop) loss within the cable. These losses have a direct effect on the quality of
power delivered to and from instruments and corresponding loads.
When specifying wire gauge, the operating temperature needs to be considered. Wire
gauge current capability and insulation performance drops with the increased
temperature developed within a cable bundle and with increased environmental
temperature. Thus, short cables with generously derated gauge and insulation
properties are recommended for power source applications.
Avoid using published commercial utility wiring codes. These codes are designed for
the internal wiring of homes and buildings and accommodate the safety factors of wiring
loss, heat, breakdown insulation, aging, etc. However, these codes consider that up to
5% voltage drop is acceptable.
Operation Manual
2-15
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
Such a loss directly detracts from the quality performance specifications of this Elgar
instrument. Frequently, these codes do not consider bundles of wire within a cable
arrangement.
In high performance applications, as in motor start-up and associated inrush/ transient
currents, additional consideration is required. The cable wire gauge must consider
peak voltages and currents, which may be up to ten times the average values. An
underrated wire gauge adds losses, which alter the inrush characteristics of the
application and thus the expected performance.
Table 2–9 identifies popular ratings for DC and AC power source cable wire gauges.
COLUMN 1:
SIZE
(AWG)
COLUMN 2:
AMPERES
(MAXIMUM)
COLUMN 3:
OHMS/100 FEET
(ONE WAY)
COLUMN 4:
IR DROP/100 FEET
(COL. 2 X COL. 3)
14
15
0.257
3.85
12
20
0.162
3.24
10
30
0.102
3.06
8
40
0.064
2.56
6
55
0.043
2.36
4
70
0.025
1.75
2
95
0.015
1.42
1/0
125
0.010
1.25
3/0
165
0.006
1.04
Table 2–9 Recommended Wire Gauge Selection Guide
2-16
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Installation
The following notes apply to Table 2–9 and to the power cable definition:
1.
The above figures are based upon insulated copper conductors at 25°C (77°F),
two current carrying conductors in the cable plus a safety (chassis) ground.
Columns 3 and 4 refer to ―one way‖ ohms and IR drop of current carrying
conductors (e.g., a 50-foot cable contains 100 feet of current carrying
conductor).
2.
Determine which wire gauge for the application by knowing the expected peak
load current (Ipeak), the maximum tolerated voltage loss (Vloss) within the cable,
and the one way cable length.
The formula below determines which ohms/100 feet entry is required from
Column 3. Read the corresponding wire gauge from Column 1.
(Column 3 value) =
Vloss/[Ipeak x 0.02 x (cable length)]
Where:
Column 3 value =
Entry of the table above.
Cable length =
One way cable length in feet.
Vloss =
Maximum loss, in volts, permitted within cable.
Special case: Should the Vloss requirement be very loose, Ipeak may exceed the
maximum amperes (Column 2). In this case, the correct wire gauge is selected
directly from the first two columns of the table.
Example: A 20 ampere (Ipeak) circuit which may have a maximum 0.5 volt
drop (Vloss) along its 15-foot cable (one way cable length) requires (by formula)
a Column 3 resistance value of 0.083. This corresponds to wire gauge size 8
AWG.
If the cable length was 10 feet, the Column 3 value would be 0.125 and the
corresponding wire gauge would be 10 AWG.
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Installation
3.
Aluminum wire is not recommended due to soft metal migration at the terminals,
which may cause long term (on the order of years) poor connections and
oxidation. If used, increase the wire gauge by two sizes (e.g., specify 10 gauge
aluminum instead of 14 gauge aluminum).
4.
Derate the above wire gauge (use a heavier gauge) for higher environmental
temperatures since conductor resistance increases with temperature.
5.
6.
Temperature
Current Capability
40°C, 104°F
80%
Derate the above wire gauge (use a heavier gauge) for an increased number of
current carrying conductors. This offsets the thermal rise of bundled conductors.
Number of
Conductors
Current
Capability
3 to 6
Above 6
80%
70%
The preferred insulation material is application dependent. Elgar's recommendation is any flame retardant, heat resistant, moisture resistant thermoplastic
insulation rated to a nominal 75°C (167°F). Voltage breakdown must exceed the
combined effects of:
The rated output voltage;
Transient voltages induced onto the conductors from any source;
The differential voltage to other nearby conductors; and,
Safety margins to accommodate degradations due to age, mechanical
abrasion, and insulation migration caused by bending and temperature.
7.
As frequency increases, the magnetic field of the current carrying conductors
becomes more significant in terms of adverse coupling to adjacent electrical
circuits. Use twisted pairs to help cancel these effects. Shielded twisted pairs
are even better. Avoid close coupling with nearby cables by using separate
cable runs for high power and low power cables.
8.
The above general values and recommendations should be reviewed, modified
and amended as necessary, for each application. Cables should be marked with
appropriate safety WARNING decals as hazardous voltages may be present.
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Operation Manual
SECTION 3
OPERATION
3.1
Introduction
The following is an overview of the controls and display for the SmartWave unit.
Context-sensitive help is available from the front panel by pressing the Help key.
3.2
Front Panel Controls
The SW front panel is used for programming and data entry in local mode operation.
The front panel is shown in Figure 3–1, followed by a description of each of the controls.
Figure 3–1 Front Panel Controls (SW 5550A)
Operation Manual
3-1
Operation
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SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
POWER ON/STANDBY SWITCH. Pressing the top portion of the switch turns
power on; pressing the bottom portion of the switch places the unit in the
STANDBY mode.
When power is turned on, the unit goes through the power up cycle. This cycle
may last between 30 seconds and five minutes, depending on the amount of
software that needs to be loaded and conditioned. The Elgar logo will be
displayed during the power up cycle.
NOTE: To prevent large inrush currents flowing while resetting the SW, allow
several seconds before cycling power, especially if power is cycled via an
external circuit breaker.

HELP KEY. Press this key to access a help screen for the menu item currently
displayed. Help screens may contain information not found in this manual.

ENTER KEY. Press this key to:
Go to the next menu level on the LCD display
Enter the incr./dec. mode using the knob or arrow keys
Accept a numeric entry via the keypad and/or knob
Accept a name in text mode entry.

MENU KEY. Press this key to go to the previous menu level, to abort editing a
data entry field when using the numeric keypad, or to switch from remote to local
mode.

WAVEFORM MONITOR BNCs. Trigger output provides a synchronization pulse
(see Table 3.1, SYNC). Phases A, B, and C provide scaled outputs for
monitoring drive signals to output amplifiers.

CONTRAST KEYS. These keys, located below the knob, are used to adjust the
contrast of the display. Press and hold the left key to decrease the contrast;
press and hold the right key to increase the contrast to the desired level.

KNOB. Use the rotary knob for data entry and for slewing of voltage and
frequency. The knob serves the same function as the Up/Down Arrow keys.
There are three knob thresholds which increment by 0.1, 1.0, or 10.0, depending
on the speed of the rotation.

ARROW KEYS. The Up and Down Arrow keys are used to move between
menu selections on the current page displayed and to increase or decrease
values in the incr./dec. mode.
Left Arrow Key. This key returns to the previous menu level (a shortcut for the
Menu key) and, in the text mode or numeric entry, acts as a backspace.
Right Arrow Key. This key moves you to the next menu level (a shortcut for the
Enter key) and, in the text mode, accepts the current character.
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
Operation
KEYPAD. The 12-key keypad is used to enter numeric values (0 through 9), a
decimal point (when required), and to change the polarity of the selection via the
+/- key.
For example, to enter an amplitude value of ―-139.2,‖ enter 1, 3, 9, decimal point,
2; press the +/- key to change the polarity; then press the Enter key to accept
the value.

FUNCTION KEYS F1 THROUGH F3. Functions of these keys depend on the
selected menu item and is defined in the Help screens.
OUTPUT KEY. This key activates/deactivates the output relay. The status of
the output relay is indicated as ―OUTPUT [ON]‖ or ―OUTPUT [OFF]‖ on the top
line of the LCD display.
3.3
Menus
The backlit graphics LCD screen displays menus, data entry fields, and status
information in the general format shown below.
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Operation
Use the Enter and Menu keys or the Right/Left Arrow keys to move between
the menus.
Use the Up/Down Arrow keys to cycle through the items within a specific menu.
When you select an item, you can enter data in two ways: (1) Use the keypad to
type in the data, or (2) press the Enter key to place a box around the value area,
then use the Up/Down Arrow keys or the Knob to select the data to be entered.
Press the Enter key to accept the data.
3.3.1
MAIN MENU
The MAIN MENU consists of the sub-menus listed below.
MAIN MENU
OUTPUT [OFF]
PROGRAM
MEASURE
WAVEFORM
SEQUENCE
INSTR
SYSTEM
MAIN MENU Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
PROGRAM
[interactive programming]
MEASURE
[measurement system]
WAVEFORM
[create/edit waveform]
SEQUENCE
[create/edit sequences]
INSTR
[instrument configuration]
SYSTEM
[system configuration]
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3.3.2
Operation
PROGRAM Menu
The PROGRAM menu allows you to:
Select a phase
Program amplitude
Program current limit
Program frequency
Program phase offset (phase offset represents a phase lead with respect to the
internal reference)
Select a function to be output on the selected phase.
MAIN MENU

OUTPUT [OFF]
PROGRAM
PHASE A (or B or C)
MEASURE
AMPL
V
WAVEFORM
CURL
A
SEQUENCE
FREQ
Hz
INSTR
SYSTEM
ANG
Deg
FUNC
PROGRAM Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
Range/Default
PHASE A
[<enter> for next phase]
Phases A, B, C
AMPL
[program output RMS/DC voltage] *
0–156 V or 0–312 V
(default: 0.00V)
CURL
[program RMS/DC current limit]
0–16 A or 0–8.0 A (default: 5.00A
dependent on voltage range)
FREQ
[program output frequency] **
40–5000 Hz (default: 60 Hz)
ANG
[program phase angle offset] ***
0–360° (default: 0°, 120°, 240°
dependent on phase selected)
FUNC
[program output waveform] ****
Default: Sine
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Operation
*
Reference Section 3.4, Front Panel Programming Conventions.
**
There is only one frequency setting for all three phases. Changing the frequency
of one phase changes the frequency for all phases.
***
The SW can accept only positive numbers when programming phase angle
offset. Because phase angle offset represents a phase lead with respect to the
internal reference, the formula below should be used for a selected phase to
represent phase angle in terms of phase lag:
Desired Phase Angle Lag = 360° – (Ph.B
Angle – Ph.A
Angle)
The examples below are for a two–phase quadrature system:
For phase angles Ph.A = 0°, Ph.B = 270°, phase lag would be 90°.
90° = 360° – (270° – 0°)
For phase angles Ph.A = 45°, Ph.B = 120°, phase lag would be 285°.
285° = 360° – (120° – 45°)
**** To operate the SW as a DC supply, select the function as ―DC+‖ or ―DC-‖ for
positive and negative DC. ―AC+DC Coupling‖ must also be selected from the
INSTRUMENT menu. The AMPL field is programmed to 0V as a precaution
when changing to or from the ―DC+‖ or ―DC-‖ function.
3.3.2.1
Locking Program Fields
For two- or three-phase systems, individual programming fields of amplitude, current
limit, phase angle, and function may be ―locked‖ so that any change made to phase A
will be made to phases B and C. The Lock function is intended for front panel
operation. When using GPIB, use the SOURCE0 command.
To lock a field:
1.
Move the field select cursor to the field to be locked in the Phase A Program
menu.
2.
Press the F1 function key. The ―¥‖ symbol should appear to the right of the field
indicating the lock mode is active.
3.
Enter the value to be locked into the field.
NOTE: The lock will not be active until a value is entered; previously entered
values are not locked.
To unlock a field:
1.
Move the field select cursor to the locked field in the Phase A Program menu.
2.
Press the F1 function key. The ―¥‖ symbol should disappear.
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3.3.2.2
Operation
Front Panel Store/Recall
The current state of the SW can be saved and restored using the Front Panel
Store/Recall feature. The following Program Menu parameters are affected:
•
Amplitude
•
Current Limit
•
Frequency
•
Phase Angle
•
Function
The Store/Recall Menu can be accessed by pressing F2 from any Program menu edit
field. Setups are stored/recalled as a number from 0 to 49. The incr./dec. mode is not
available for this menu. Store/Recall functions do not affect the Lock/Unlock status of
the Program menu fields. If a field is locked, it will remain locked. However, the Recall
parameters for phases B and C will be updated
To store a setup:
1.
Press F2 from any Program menu edit field.
2.
Move the field select cursor to ―STORE SETUP.‖
3.
Enter a setup number from 0 to 49.
To recall a setup:
1.
Press F2 from any Program menu edit field.
2.
Move the field select cursor to ―RECALL SETUP.‖
3.
Enter the previously stored setup number from 0 to 49.
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Operation
3.3.3
MEASURE Menu
If equipped with the Test and Measurement option, the MEASURE menu allows you to:
Measure voltage (RMS)
Measure current (RMS)
Measure frequency
Measure phase angle (referenced to a master)
Measure power (W)
Measure apparent power (VA)
Measure power factor (PF)
Measure peak current.
MAIN MENU

OUTPUT [OFF]
PROGRAM
AMPL A
120.00 V
MEASURE
OFF
0.00
WAVEFORM
OFF
0.00
SEQUENCE
OFF
0.00
INSTR
OFF
0.00
SYSTEM
OFF
0.00
The Measure menu contains six display fields that can be set to any of the available
measurements. To set a measurement field:
1.
Move the field select cursor to one of the six measurement fields.
2.
Press <Enter>. A pop-up window entitled SELECT MEASUREMENT will
appear; OFF will be selected.
3.
Press the Up/Down Arrow keys or use the Knob to scroll through the list of
available measurements.
4.
With the desired measurement in the selection window (or OFF to disable a
measurement), press <Enter>.
The measured value will be displayed in the display field. Active measurement fields
are continually updated and retained upon cycling power to the unit.
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SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
3.3.4
Operation
WAVEFORM Menu
The WAVEFORM menu allows you to perform a variety of actions on waveshapes
and waveforms, including the creation of a new waveform based on a waveshape in
memory.
The waveshapes and waveforms are limited to spikes, dropouts, sags and surges
of existing waveforms in the scratchpad area. This is accomplished by loading the
existing waveshape into the waveform scratchpad then editing it. The edited waveform
may then be viewed, output using the SCRATCH function name in the PROGRAM
menu, or saved to the waveform library.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
EDIT
VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
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Operation
3.3.4.1
LOAD Sub-Menu
The WAVEFORM menu allows you to LOAD an existing waveform from non-volatile or
flash memory to the waveform scratchpad.
Any existing information in the scratchpad is erased when a new waveform is loaded.
WAVEFORM

LOAD
OUTPUT [OFF]
FUNC
Nam e
EDIT
VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
Displays library of waveforms
LOAD Sub-Menu Status and Information Line Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
FUNC
[<enter> to select waveform]
Press the Up/Down Arrow keys or use the Knob to scroll through the list of available
waveforms. With the desired waveform in the selection window, press <Enter>.
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3.3.4.2
Operation
EDIT Sub-Menu
The WAVEFORM menu allows you to EDIT a waveform in the scratchpad.
WAVEFORM

OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
FREQ
Hz
EDIT
Vrms
V
VIEW
START
Deg
SAVE
TIME
ms
DELETE
STOP
Deg
AMPL
V
EDIT Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
Range
FREQ
[waveform frequency]
40–5000 Hz
Vrms
[output waveform voltage]
0–156 or 0–312 V
START
[starting phase angle]
0–360°
TIME
[surge/sag duration]
0–1/Freq
STOP
[ending phase angle]
Start–360°
AMPL
[drop/spike voltage]
-220.6 to 220.6 Vpeak (156 Vrms range)
-441.2 to 441.2 Vpeak (312 Vrms range)
NOTE: Vrms is in terms of RMS voltage while AMPL is in terms of peak voltage.
Both of these values depend on the selected voltage range setting in
the INSTRUMENT menu.
See the example in section 3.5.1.
Operation Manual
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Operation
3.3.4.3
VIEW Sub-Menu
The WAVEFORM menu allows you to VIEW a waveform:
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
EDIT

VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
Selecting VIEW will display the waveform
in the scratchpad as shown below.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
4
2
4 or 2
2
1
0
4
2
4 or 2
2
1
90
180
270
Basic display after selecting VIEW
The minimum and maximum Vpeak values displayed on the
vertical axis (either -442 to +442 or -221 to +221) are based on
the selected voltage range setting in the INSTRUMENT menu.
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3.3.4.4
Operation
SAVE Sub-Menu
The WAVEFORM menu allows you to assign a name to a new waveform and SAVE it
from the scratchpad to non-volatile memory.
1.
Use the Up/Down Arrow keys or the Knob to enter the custom waveform name.
Press the Right Arrow key to proceed to the next character; press the Left
Arrow key to backspace. The last character must be ―–‖.
2.
Press the Enter key.
3.
Go to SAVE or SAVE RMS and press the Enter key to save.
WAVEFORM

OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
NAME
EDIT
SAVE
VIEW
SAVE RMS
–
SAVE
DELETE
SAVE Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
NAME
[–> = next char, <– = backsp]
SAVE
[save waveform to library]
The waveform is saved and scaled in scratch memory
without regard to the calculated RMS value.
SAVE RMS
[save waveform to library]
The waveform is scaled so that the calculated RMS
value of the entire waveform is equal to the value of
the Vrms field in the WAVEFORM EDIT menu.
Operation Manual
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Operation
3.3.4.5
DELETE Sub-Menu
The WAVEFORM menu allows you to DELETE a waveform stored in non-volatile
memory.
ALL USER WAVEFORMS - Erases the 50 user waveform locations in non-volatile
RAM. Any user waveforms currently running will not be deleted.
INITIALIZE MEMORY - Resets the waveform library to the factory settings. All factory
waveforms will be restored and all user waveforms stored in non-volatile RAM will be
erased. You must cycle power to the unit after this function for the changes to take
effect.
NOTE: Under normal operating conditions this function is not required.
Instead, use “Delete–All User Waveforms.”
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
FUNC
EDIT
ALL USER WAVEFORMS
VIEW
INITIALIZE MEMORY
Name
SAVE

DELETE
Press Right Arrow key to
toggle custom waveforms
DELETE Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
FUNC
[<enter> to select waveform]
ALL USER WAVEFORMS
[<enter> for all user waveforms]
INITIALIZE MEMORY
[Resets to factory defaults]
NOTE: If you attempt to delete a waveform in Flash Memory,
the message “! - STANDARD WAVEFORM” will appear.
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SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
3.3.5
Operation
SEQUENCE Menu
The SEQUENCE menu allows you to create, edit, and execute a sequence.
SEQ MENU
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
EDIT
SAVE
DELETE
EXECUTE
3.3.5.1
LOAD Sub-Menu
The SEQUENCE menu allows you to LOAD an existing sequence from non-volatile or
flash memory to the sequence scratchpad.
NEW - Erases all segments in the SEQUENCE scratchpad.
SEQ MENU

OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
SEQ
EDIT
NEW
Nam e
SAVE
DELETE
EXECUTE
LOAD Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
SEQ
[load sequence to scratchpad]
NEW
[clear sequence scratchpad]
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Operation
3.3.5.2
EDIT Sub-Menu
The SEQUENCE menu allows you to EDIT a sequence in the scratchpad. Frequency
or amplitude can be ramped over the segment duration.
SEQ EDIT
OUTPUT [OFF]
SEG
0
FREQ
60.00
CYC
0
TIME
0.00
AMPL
ms
FUNC
ANGL
A
0.00
Sine
0.00
B
0.00
Sine
120.00
C
0.00
Sine
240.00
EDIT Sub-Menu Status and Information Line Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
Range
SEG
[select segment number]
0–999
FREQ
[output frequency in Hz]
40–5000 Hz
CYC
[# of cycles, F1 toggles SYNC]
0–9999
TIME
[segment execution time]
0–9999 ms/sec/min
AMPL
[amplitude]
0–156 or 0–312 V
FUNC
[output waveform]
See Section 3.4, Front Panel
Programming Conventions
[phase
0–360°
ANGL
angle (degrees)]
The Step symbol refers to a voltage or frequency ―step‖ in which the voltage or
frequency value in the current segment immediately steps to the specified value in the
next segment. By moving the field select cursor to the Step symbol and pressing
<Enter>, the Up/Down Arrow keys can be used to change the Step signal to the Ramp
symbol to indicate a voltage or frequency ramp. When Ramp is selected, the values in
the current segment are the starting values of the ramp. The voltage or frequency
value of the next segment are the ending values of the ramp. The SW will calculate an
integral number of voltage or frequency steps, over the time period of the current
segment (value specified in the Time field), to reach the values specified in the
following segment.
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Operation
A ramp must always consist of at least two segments so that starting and ending
values can be specified.
Ramps can be increasing or decreasing in value.
Voltage and frequency ramping is available; phase angles cannot use the
ramping function.
Voltage ramping for Phase A, Phase B, Phase C, and Frequency are all
independently controlled and can be run in any combination. For example,
Phase A could be ramping a Sine wave from 0 to 120 VAC, Phase B could be
ramping from 28 to 0 VDC, Phase C could be a steady 230 VAC Square wave,
and the Frequency could be ramping from 50 Hz to 400 Hz - all at the same time!
Ramp steps occur in increments of the period specified in the FREQ field. If
FREQ is 60 Hz, steps occur at 16.67 ms intervals. If the FREQ field is 5000 Hz,
updates occur at 200 s intervals. For DC ramping, use the highest frequency
(5000 Hz) to make the ramp as smooth as possible.
If the specified ramp time is less than one period, one period will be used.
Function keys F1 through F3 are required to create and edit sequences. These keys
are dependent on the field select cursor position and are defined as follows:
The “SEG” Edit Field
The SEG edit field is used to move through the segment list and accept integer values
from 0 to 99. Since a Sequence is made up of a continuous list of segments, segments
must be created in sequential order. When the Sequence scratchpad is initialized, only
a single segment is available for editing. Trying to access segments other than segment 0 will result in an ―end of sequence‖ error message. An existing segment number
can be entered directly into the SEG field, or you can select the SEG field by pressing
the Enter key, then use the Arrows or the Knob to scroll through all existing segments.
The function keys are used to insert, delete or copy segments:
F1
Inserts a new segment in the position immediately following the current
segment. The new segment number will be one greater than the currently
displayed segment. The Segment edit field will be automatically updated to
display the newly created segment.
F2
Deletes the currently displayed segment.
F3
Copies the previous segment information to the currently displayed segment.
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Operation
The “CYCLES” Edit Field
When the field select cursor is at the CYCLES field, pressing F1 will toggle the SYNC
SELECT symbol ―*‖. This is a flag used in conjunction with the SYNC field of the
Sequence Execute menu; if SYNC is set to SELECT SEG, only those segments that
are enabled will generate a sync signal at the front panel BNC connector. If SYNC is
set to EVERY SEG, every segment will generate a sync signal.
NOTE: The CYC field has a maximum input and display range of 9999. For FREQ
and TIME combinations that exceed 9999 cycles, the CYC field will still
indicate 9999. This limitation does not apply to GPIB control.
The “AMPL” Edit Field
For information about the relationship between AMPL and FUNC, refer to Section 3.4,
Front Panel Programming Conventions.
3.3.5.3
SAVE Sub-Menu
The SEQUENCE menu allows you to assign a name to a new sequence and SAVE it
from the scratchpad to non-volatile memory.
1.
Use the Up/Down Arrow keys or the Knob to enter the custom waveform name.
Press the Right Arrow key to proceed to the next character; press the Left
Arrow key to backspace. The last character should be ―–‖.
2.
Press the Enter key.
3.
Go to SAVE and press the Enter key again to save.
SEQ MENU

OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
NAME
EDIT
SAVE
–
SAVE
DELETE
EXECUTE
NOTE: You can save up to 100 sequences, consisting of up to 1000 segments total.
Once you have reached this maximum, you must delete a previously saved
sequence in order to save a new one.
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Operation
SAVE Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
NAME
[–> = next char, <– = backsp]
SAVE
[store sequence in library]
3.3.5.4
DELETE Sub-Menu
The SEQUENCE menu allows you to DELETE a sequence stored in non-volatile
memory.
ALL USER SEQUENCES - Erases all user sequence locations in non-volatile RAM.
INITIALIZE MEMORY - Resets the sequence library to the factory settings. All factory
sequences will be restored and all user sequences stored in non-volatile RAM will be
erased. You must cycle power to the unit after this function for the changes to take
effect.
NOTE: Under normal operating conditions this function is not required.
Instead, use “Delete–All User Sequences.”
SEQ MENU

OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
SEQUENCE
EDIT
ALL USER SEQUENCES
SAVE
INITIALIZE MEMORY
–
DELETE
EXECUTE
DELETE Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
SEQUENCE
[delete stored sequence]
ALL USER SEQUENCES
[delete all user sequences]
INITIALIZE MEMORY
[reset to factory defaults]
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Operation
3.3.5.5
EXECUTE Sub-Menu
The SEQUENCE EXECUTE sub-menu allows the selection of the start, run, and stop
modes of a sequence. The front panel operation is defined here, but all modes are also
available via the GPIB. A sequence can be executed in any combination of the
following modes:
A sequence can be run in its entirety, or stepped through one segment at a time.
When in this ―step‖ mode, the most recent segment can be repeated.
A sequence can be executed only once, or looped until the STOP command is
received.
A sequence can be terminated with the outputs automatically programmed to
0 volts, restored to the waveforms and values before the sequence began, or
remain at the waveforms and values of the last segment in the sequence. The
last two options will occur with no interruption in output power.
The SEQUENCE EXECUTE sub-menu selections are explained in Table 3-1.
SEQ MENU

OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
LOAD SEQ
Name
EDIT
SYNC
SAVE
CONTROL
STOP
DELETE
RUN MODE
LOOP
EXECUTE
STOP MODE
ZERO
SELECT SEG
LOOP CNT
1
EXECUTE Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
Range
LOAD SEQ
[<enter> to select sequence]
—
SYNC
[sync output configuration]
Select Seg / Every Seg
CONTROL
[start/stop sequence]
Run / Step / Stop
RUN MODE
[execute seg once or repeat]
Repeat / Single / Loop
STOP MODE
[restore output on seg stop]
Zero / Program / End Seg
LOOP COUNT
[loop execution count]
1–9999
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SELECTION
Operation
PURPOSE
LOAD SEQ
Loads a sequence for execution from the sequence library or the sequence
scratchpad. When running under GPIB control, the Event Status Register
and serial polling can be used to indicate when the sequence loading is
complete. The front panel display will indicate ―Processing sequence...‖ while
loading, and ―Sequence loaded‖ when complete. This menu option should not
be confused with the sequence load option, which loads a sequence to the
scratchpad for modification.
Note: If any of these occurs, the sequence must be re-loaded for execution:
Sequence memory is reset
Any of the sequence fields is updated
Sync output is accessed
Error occurs when loading sequence for execution
SYNC
Configures the Rear Panel SYNC Trigger output and Front Panel Trigger
output to generate a pulse for every segment or only selected segments. After
changing the SYNC selection, the sequence must be reloaded.
CONTROL
Used to start a sequence, stop a sequence, or start a sequence in the STEP
mode. A sequence must be loaded before RUN or STEP can be selected.
All operations have an immediate effect.
RUN – Run the previously loaded sequence. A sequence does not need to
be reloaded when switching between RUN, STEP or STOP. The sequence
will begin executing immediately after a RUN or STEP command.
STEP – Step through the previously loaded sequence. Each segment will
execute and remain at the value of the last cycle until instructed to execute
the next segment, or repeat the current segment. When stepping through a
sequence under front panel control, the F1 function key is used to execute the
next segment, and the F2 key is used to repeat the current segment.
(Especially useful for ramping segments.)
STOP – Stops the active sequence.
RUN MODE
Specifies the running mode of the sequence. This parameter takes effect
once a sequence has begun.
REPEAT – Repeats sequence until a STOP command is received.
SINGLE – Executes the sequence only once, then returns to the operation
specified in the STOP MODE field.
STOP MODE
Specifies the operation mode when a sequence is terminated. This can occur
when running in the SINGLE execution mode, or when STOP is selected.
ZERO – Programs the outputs to 0 volts when the sequence is terminated.
PROGRAM – Outputs are restored to waveforms and values in the Program
Menu. This mode can be used for a continuous output between sequences.
The Program Menu cannot be modified while a sequence is running. When
this mode is selected, set BOOST to OFF (see System menu).
END SEG – The outputs will remain at the waveforms and values of the last
segment in the sequence.
Table 3–1 Sequence Execute Menu
Operation Manual
3-21
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
3.3.6
INSTR (Instrument) Menu
The INSTR menu allows you to:
Set the output range (156 or 312 volts).
Select either AC or AC+DC coupling.
Select current limit mode, either shutdown, foldback or time-out mode
(foldback for the time specified in the ITIMO field then shutdown mode).
Foldback mode is unavailable while SYSTEM/EXTERNAL/ LOW FREQ is on.
Select the time for the time-out mode.
Select the peak overvoltage limit.
Select amplifier parallel operation. When the Parallel mode is ON, only Phase A
will appear in the Program menu. Rear panel output power wiring must match
the Parallel mode selection.
CAUTION! Parallel mode must match the rear panel
output wiring before programming output amplitude.
MAIN MENU

OUTPUT [OFF]
PROGRAM
RANGE
MEASURE
COUPLING
WAVEFORM
I MODE
SEQUENCE
I TIMO
INSTR
V_LIM
SYSTEM
PARALLEL
INSTR Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
Range
RANGE
[156V or 312V range]
156V / 312V
COUPLING
[AC or AC+DC coupling]
AC / AC+DC
I MODE
[supervisory current mode]
Shutdown / Foldback / Time-Out
I TIMO
[current limit time-out]
100–9999 ms
V_LIM
[peak voltage limit]
20–255 Vpk/ 40–510 Vpk
PARALLEL
[parallel output amplifiers]
On / Off
3-22
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
3.3.7
SYSTEM Menu
3.3.7.1
USER Sub-Menu
Operation
The SYSTEM USER sub-menu allows you to:
Configure power up values.
Execute the unit’s self-test.
Enable/disable hint messages.
Enable/disable the sync output in the Program mode
(i.e., when a sequence is not running).
SYSTEM

OUTPUT [OFF]
USER
SAVE SYSTEM CONFIG
COMM
RESTORE DEFAULTS
EXTERNAL
HINT MESSAGE
FAULTS
SELF-TEST
0000
CONFIG
SYNC OUT
ON
ON
USER Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
SAVE SYSTEM CONFIG
[store new power-up setting]
RESTORE DEFAULTS
[factory power-up defaults]
HINT MESSAGE
[hint messages on/off]
SELF-TEST
[execute self-test]
SYNC OUT
[sync output on/off/event]
SAVE SYSTEM CONFIG saves the current system configuration of the Program and
Instrument menus and initializes the SW to these settings on power up.
RESTORE DEFAULTS resets the power up configuration to factory defaults.
Operation Manual
3-23
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
SYNC OUT selects the output sync signal to ON, OFF or EVENT. In the ON position,
the signal is driven by the output frequency of the waveform, or sequence settings. In
the EVENT position, a pulse will be generated for any change in VOLT, CURR, FREQ,
PHASE or WAVEFORM.
The SYNC OUT setting only affects normal (non-sequence) mode. To set up the SW
so that a sync pulse only occurs for a specified sequence segment, set this parameter
to OFF. That way, before and after a sequence is run, no other sync pulses will occur.
Table 3–2 provides self-test result definitions.
BIT
0001
MEANING
LCD Test
BIT
0100
MEANING
Battery Test
0002
EPROM CKSUM
0200
QSPI Test
0004
NVRAM BANK 0 CKSUM
0400
DFI Test
0008
NVRAM BANK 1 CKSUM
0800
Speaker Test
0010
RAM Test
1000
DWSB Self-Test 0
0020
VXI Test
2000
DWSB Self-Test 1
0040
QSCI Test
4000
T&MB Self-Test 0
0080
GPIB Test
8000
T&MB Self-Test 1
Table 3–2 SELF-TEST Results Definitions
3-24
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
3.3.7.2
Operation
COMM Sub-Menu
The SYSTEM COMM (Communications) sub-menu allows you to:
Configure the GPIB address and display remote status.
Display firmware version information.
SYSTEM

OUTPUT [OFF]
USER
GPIB ADDR
COMM
EXTERNAL
ECDI VER
DWSB VER
TMB VER
FAULTS
BAUD RATE
CONFIG
DWSB
ON-LINE
T&MB
ON-LINE
25
X.XX
X.XX
X.XX
57600
The DWSB and T&MB fields indicate the internal communication status of the Digital
Waveform Synthesis board and Test and Measurement board. These should always
indicate ON-LINE unless a failure has occurred (T&MB will indicate OFF-LINE if this
option is not present).
COMM Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
Range/Default Value
GPIB ADDR
[select gpib address]
Range 1–30
ECDI VER X.XX
DWSB VER X.XX
TMB VER X.XX
[installed firmware version]
—
BAUD RATE
[RS-232 Baud Rate]
Range 300–57600
Default 57600
DWSB
[Digital waveform status]
On-Line/Off-Line
T&MB
[Test & Measurement status]
On-Line/Off-Line
Operation Manual
3-25
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
3.3.7.3
EXTERNAL Sub-Menu
The SYSTEM EXTERNAL sub-menu allows you to:
Select external modes of operation (Direct Input, External Modulation, External
Gain, and Clock/Lock).
Select alternate compensation (X-LOAD).
Select Low Frequency for operation below 40 Hz when using an external input.
CAUTION! Damage to the equipment may occur if input
frequency requirements are violated (DC, 40–5000 Hz).
Refer to Table 2-3 for external analog inputs (EXT_IN_A, EXT_IN_B, EXT_IN_C).
Table 3–3 provides additional data on the External sub-menu.
SYSTEM

OUTPUT [OFF]
USER
EXT MOD
OFF
COMM
DIR INPUT
OFF
EXTERNAL
EXT GAIN
OFF
FAULTS
X–LOAD
OFF
CONFIG
LOW FREQ
OFF
CLOCK/LOCK
OUT
EXTERNAL Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
Range
EXT MOD
[external modulation]
On / Off
DIR INPUT
[external direct input]
On / Off
EXT GAIN
[external gain control]
On / Off
X–LOAD
[reactive load stability]
On / Off
LOW FREQ
[for external freq Below 40Hz]
On / Off
CLOCK/LOCK
[clock lock enable/disable]
In / Out / Off
3-26
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
SELECTION
Operation
PURPOSE
EXT MOD
(External
Amplitude
Modulation)
Amplitude modulation of an output waveform is possible via an input
signal from the rear panel. Input of 0-5 Vrms corresponds to a modulation
of 0-20%. To allow for the modulation voltage, the maximum programmed voltage is 130 Vrms in low range, and 260 Vrms in high range.
DIR INPUT
(External
Direct Input)
Input on rear panel allows reference signal to go directly to amplifiers.
A signal of 0–5 Vrms (±7.07 Vpeak) or ±5VDC corresponds to 0 to full
scale programmed voltage output.
CAUTION: Do not exceed the maximum frequency specification.
EXT GAIN
(External Gain)
Input on rear panel is used to scale output waveform. A 0 to ±7.07 VDC
input signal corresponds to 0 to ±full scale programmed voltage output.
X-LOAD
Reactive Load)
This option can be used to reduce overshoot, undershoot and ringing with
unusual reactive loads. This option should not be used for normal loads.
Do not program frequency >1000 Hz.
LOW FREQ
(Low Frequency)
This option should be used for external AC input signals between DC and
40 Hz (the maximum VA rating must be derated). Also, use for IEC1000-3-3 testing, or other conditions requiring fast transient response.
The RMS servo is bypassed. As a result, load regulation drops off, and
current limit (voltage foldback) is disabled.
CLOCK/LOCK
Use this option to configure rear panel clock/lock signal as input or
output. When configured as input, the power outputs will attempt to sync
to clock/lock input frequency. Target output frequency is determined by
frequency value entered in Program Menu FREQ field. Target frequency
should be entered before clock/lock is configured as output. Input
configuration process is as follows:
1.
Enter target frequency in Program Menu FREQ field.
2.
Go to System External Menu and enable CLOCK/LOCK option by
selecting IN.
3.
The unit will now attempt to lock to the input signal; this process can
take up to 5 seconds. Phase lock is indicated on the LCD by the
symbol to the right of the OUTPUT [ON/OFF] status. Output relay
will not be allowed to close until phase lock has been established.
4.
Close the output relay.
5.
Clock/lock input frequency is continually compared to the target
frequency. If input frequency changed more than ±10%, output
relay will open and an error message will be displayed.
When configured as an output, clock/lock signal outputs a square wave
of the same frequency as the power outputs. Select OFF to disable.
OFF will configure clock/lock as an input with the PLL mode disabled.
Table 3–3 System External Menu
Operation Manual
3-27
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
3.3.7.4
FAULTS Sub-Menu
Pressing <Enter> to select FAULTS will display a list of logged fault conditions LOG1 LOG6. These are three 8-bit registers used to troubleshoot errors that cause the
system to shut down. Fault register definitions are available through the Help screens
of the SmartWave unit.
SYSTEM
OUTPUT [OFF]
USER
COMM
EXTERNAL

FAULTS
CONFIG
FR1
00
00
00
00
00
00
LOG1:
LOG2:
LOG3:
LOG4:
LOG5:
LOG6:
FR2
00
00
00
00
00
00
FR3
00
00
00
00
00
00
Fault History
The FAULTS menu will display the last six shutdown faults in hexadecimal. All three
fault registers are displayed with LOG1 as the most recent fault and LOG6 the oldest.
Register bit definitions are shown in Table 3–4. Fault descriptions are shown in
Table 3–5 through Table 3–7.
FAULT REGISTER 1
8_
4_
2_
1_
_8
_4
_2
_1
—
—
F3:OV
DC_ERR
ROV
OC
48VLOW
GND_FLT
FAULT REGISTER 2
8_
4_
2_
1_
_8
_4
_2
_1
—
—
F4:OT
F2:OV
UV
ROC
RMS_OV
FLT_IN
FAULT REGISTER 3
8_
4_
2_
1_
_8
_4
_2
_1
RLY156
RLY312
—
—
—
—
—
RLY_FLT
Example: FR3 81: RLY156 and RLY_FLT
Table 3–4 Fault Register Bit Definitions
3-28
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
Although the DFI Fault is not included in the fault history log, any of the faults will cause
a DFI error to occur. When a DFI fault is tripped, either because one of the faults above
or a fault external to the SW, the output relay is opened, VPROGRAM is set to zero,
and an error message is displayed.
FAULT REGISTER 1
F3:OV
Indicates that the internal DC bus has pumped up to a hazardous
level (due to sinking power rather than sourcing, i.e., attempting to
discharge a very large capacitor into the SW output too quickly).
Action: SW system opens relays and shuts off.
DC_ERR
Indicates that an unacceptable level of DC voltage is present in the
output when the AC coupling is selected (i.e., a waveform with DC
content was selected when AC coupling was active).
Action: SW system opens relays and shuts off.
ROV
SW output exceeded programmed VLIMIT value.
Action: Opens relay and sets VPROGRAM to zero; displays error
message.
OC
SW output current reached IPROGRAM value.
Action 1: Limit Mode: folds back voltage to maintain constant
current; displays i in right-hand corner.
Action 2: Shutdown Mode: opens relays and displays error
message.
Action 3: Time-Out Mode: Constant current for a specified time,
then opens relay and displays error message.
48V:LOW
Monitors internal housekeeping supply.
Action: Shuts off SW system.
GND_FLT
Monitors output neutral.
Action: If greater than 20 volts with reference to chassis ground,
opens relays and displays error message.
Table 3–5 Fault Description and Action (FR1)
Operation Manual
3-29
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
FAULT REGISTER 2
F4:OT
Monitors power stage heat sink temperatures.
Action: Opens relays, displays error message for 30 seconds,
then shuts off SW system.
F2:OV
Indicates that the internal DC bus has pumped up to an
unacceptable level (due to sinking power rather than sourcing,
i.e., attempting to discharge a very large capacitor into the SW
output too quickly).
Action: SW system tristates output amplifier until bus level
becomes normal.
UV
Undervoltage: Indicates that the output voltage is less than the
programmed value, but not in the voltage foldback mode.
Action: Opens relays and displays error message.
ROC
Redundant Over Current: The RMS value of the output current
has exceeded the maximum capacity of the SW.
Action: Opens relays and displays error message.
RMS_OV
FLT_IN
Monitors the external input in the ―External Direct‖ mode to ensure
that it does not exceed 5.2 VRMS.
Action: Opens relays, displays error message, and sets
VPROGRAM to zero volts.
Fault-Input from Slave chassis: Represents the logical OR of
several faults.
Action: Opens relays, displays error message, and sets
VPROGRAM to zero volts. Clearing the error message
sends a fault reset to the Slave chassis. The particular
Slave chassis that had the fault will then extinguish its
fault indicator.
Table 3–6 Fault Description and Action (FR2)
FAULT REGISTER 3
RLY156,RLY312 Used for internal monitoring only.
RLY_FLT
The open relay did not respond to the open/close command within
500 mSec.
Action: Programs the output to zero and attempts to change relay
state; displays error message and shuts off SW if output
relay hasn’t changed state within 500 mSecs. If unable to
clear error message, a hazardous condition may exist. Use
caution; voltage may be present at the output terminals.
Table 3–7 Fault Description and Action (FR3)
3-30
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
3.3.7.5
Operation
CONFIG Sub-Menu
Pressing <Enter> to select CONFIG will display the System Configuration options.
BOOST - Allows the Servo Boost circuit to be disabled during non-sequence operation.
This option is important when running a sequence at low voltage levels. See Section
1.12.2, Servo Boost, for a full explanation of the Boost function. The factory default
state is Boost ON. This option should be set to OFF when:
The RMS Servo is ON (Low Frequency = OFF) and
Sequence mode is being used with Exit mode set to ―Program Menu.‖
RESET CAL – Resets calibration constants to default values. Enter a confirmation code
(2096) to activate this option. If you enter an incorrect code, the unit will beep and the
message ―! INCORRECT RESET CODE‖ will be displayed, the code will be reset to 0,
and no changes will occur to the calibration constants.
T&MB OPT – Displays firmware configuration for the Test & Measurement option. ON
indicates the Test & Measurement board is installed; OFF indicates it is not. This field is
for display purposes only.
SWAE OPT – Displays firmware configuration for the Low Impedance option. ON
indicates the Low Impedance hardware is installed; OFF indicates it is not. This field is
for display purposes only.
SYSTEM

OUTPUT [OFF]
USER
BOOST
ON
COMM
RESET CAL
EXTERNAL
T&MB OPT
OFF
FAULTS
SWAE OPT
OFF
0
CONFIG
CONFIG Sub-Menu Status and Information Data:
Menu Item
Status and Information Line
BOOST
[System boost enable/disable]
RESET CAL
[Enter reset code]
T&MB OPT
[T&MB board installed?]
SWAE OPT
[Low impedance installed?]
Operation Manual
3-31
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
3.4
Front Panel Programming Conventions
When programming an amplitude in the Program Menu, Sequence Edit Menu,
or remotely over the GPIB, the Amplitude field is checked against the Function
(Waveform) field for positive or negative amplitude; that is, the function polarity is
used to validate the amplitude input value. For example, programming -100V
when a DC+ waveform is selected will result in an execution error.
The polarity check has the following rules:
Negative amplitudes cannot be input for positive functions.
Positive amplitudes cannot be input for negative functions.
If the amplitude of a phase is positive, selecting a negative polarity function
will set the amplitude to zero.
If the amplitude of a phase is negative, selecting a positive polarity function
will set the amplitude to zero.
Phases A, B, and C will be of the same frequency. A frequency change of any
phase will affect the output frequency of all phases. The frequency field is
available in all three programming screens as a convenience.
A sequence can be run on one, two, or all three phases. Two different
sequences cannot be run on two phases simultaneously.
A sequence setting will take priority over continuous settings.
3-32
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
3.5
Front Panel Programming Exercises
3.5.1
Current Inrush Example
This example illustrates programming the SW to simulate a current inrush waveform
that is 0V between 0° and 90°, then instantaneously jumps from 0V to 120V at 90°.
1.
At the MAIN MENU, use either the Knob or the Up/Down Arrow keys to select
the WAVEFORM menu, then either press the Enter key or the Right Arrow key.
2.
The WAVEFORM Menu will default to the LOAD sub-menu. If the cursor is not
pointing to LOAD, use the Knob or Up/Down Arrow keys to select LOAD.
3.
Press the Enter key to enter the FUNC (function) mode.
4.
Press <Enter> again to place a box around the waveshape selection.
5.
Use the Knob to cycle through the waveshape selections until SINE appears in
the FUNC box.
WAVEFORM

LOAD
OUTPUT [OFF]
FUNC
Sine
EDIT
VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
Displays library of waveforms
6.
Press <Enter> to load the sine waveshape into scratchpad memory. The
message, [waveform successfully loaded], will indicate that the waveform is now
in scratchpad memory.
7.
Press <Menu> to return to the WAVEFORM Menu.
8.
Use either the Knob or the Up/Down Arrow keys to select the EDIT sub-menu,
then either press <Enter> or the Right Arrow key. The EDIT menu will be
displayed.
Operation Manual
3-33
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
WAVEFORM

OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
FREQ
60.00
Hz
EDIT
Vrms
120.00
V
VIEW
START
0.00
Deg
SAVE
TIME
4.17
ms
DELETE
STOP
90.00
Deg
AMPL
0.00
V
9.
Use either the Knob or the Up/Down Arrow keys to select FREQ. The frequency
is normally defaulted at 60 Hz with all other values set to 0. On the keypad, enter
6, 0, decimal point, 0, 0, then press <Enter> to set the frequency to 60.00 Hz.
10.
Use either the Knob or the Up/Down Arrow keys to select Vrms. Using the
keypad, enter 1, 2, 0, then press <Enter> to set the RMS voltage to 120 volts.
11.
Use either the Knob or the Up/Down Arrow keys to select START. Using the
keypad, enter 0, then press <Enter> to set the start phase angle to 0°.
12.
Although the TIME can be calculated then entered, the STOP function is used in
this example. Select STOP, enter 90 for a 90° phase angle, and press <Enter>.
Note that the unit automatically calculates the TIME (in this case, 4.17 ms).
13.
Since the operator is not programming a transient (drop/spike), leave the AMPL
(amplitude) at 0V.
14.
Press the Menu key or the Left Arrow key to return to the WAVEFORM Menu.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
EDIT

VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
3-34
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
15.
Operation
Select VIEW, then press <Enter> to view the waveform. A waveform similar to
the one illustrated below should be displayed on the LCD.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
2
2
1
0
2
2
1
90
16.
17.
180
270
To display the waveform on the front panel phase A output:
a.
Return to the MAIN MENU by pressing <Menu> twice.
b.
Select the PROGRAM Menu, then press <Enter>.
In the PHASE A sub-menu:
a.
Select FUNC with the Knob, then press <Enter> to place a box around the
waveshape selection.
b.
Rotate the Knob until SCRATCH is displayed, then press <Enter>.
MAIN MENU

PROGRAM
PHASE A
MEASURE
AMPL
120.00
V
WAVEFORM
CURL
5.00
A
SEQUENCE
FREQ
60.00
Hz
ANG
0.00
Deg
FUNC
SCRATCH
INSTR
SYSTEM
Operation Manual
OUTPUT [OFF]
3-35
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
18.
19.
20.
3-36
While still in the PHASE A sub-menu:
a.
Select AMPL (amplitude) with the Knob or Arrow Keys.
b.
Enter 120 with the keypad to set the amplitude at 120 volts, then press
<Enter>. The inrush waveform will now be displayed on Phase A output on
the front panel.
While still in the PROGRAM mode:
a.
Select PHASE B by cursoring to Phase A, then press <Enter>.
b.
Select FUNC with the Knob, then press <Enter> to place a box around the
waveshape selection.
c.
Rotate the Knob to select TRIANGLE, then press <Enter>.
d.
Select AMPL (amplitude) with the Knob, enter 120 with the keypad, then
press <Enter>. A triangular waveform will be displayed on Phase B output
on the front panel.
e.
With the field select cursor still at AMPL, press <Enter> to place a box
around the waveshape selection then, using the Knob, vary the amplitude
of the triangular waveform on Phase B.
f.
Select PHASE C by cursoring to Phase B, then press <Enter>.
g.
Select FUNC with the Knob, then press <Enter> to place a box around the
waveshape selection.
h.
Rotate the Knob to select SQUARE, then press <Enter>.
i.
Select AMPL (amplitude) with the Knob, enter 120 with the keypad, then
press <Enter>. A square waveform will now be displayed on Phase C
output on the front panel.
j.
With the field select cursor still at AMPL, press <Enter> to place a box
around the amplitude selection then, using the Knob, vary the amplitude of
the square waveform on Phase C.
Press <Menu> or the Left Arrow key to return to the MAIN MENU.
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
3.5.2
Operation
Voltage Spike Example
This example illustrates programming the SW for a voltage spike on a 150V sine
waveform that starts at 30° and ends at 50° with an amplitude of 220.6 volts.
MAIN MENU
OUTPUT [OFF]
PROGRAM
MEASURE
WAVEFORM
SEQUENCE
INSTR
SYSTEM
1.
At the MAIN MENU, select the WAVEFORM menu, then press <Enter>.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
EDIT
VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
2.
The WAVEFORM Menu will default to the LOAD sub-menu. If the cursor is not
pointing to LOAD, use the Knob or Up/Down Arrow keys to select LOAD.
3.
Press the Enter key to enter the FUNC (function) mode.
4.
Press <Enter> again to place a box around the waveshape selection.
5.
Use the Knob to cycle through the waveshape selections until SINE appears in
the FUNC box.
Operation Manual
3-37
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
WAVEFORM

LOAD
OUTPUT [OFF]
FUNC
Sine
EDIT
VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
Displays library of waveforms
6.
Press <Enter> to load the sine waveshape into scratchpad memory. The
message, [waveform successfully loaded], will indicate that the waveform is now
in scratchpad memory.
7.
Press <Menu> to return to the WAVEFORM Menu.
8.
Use either the Knob or the Up/Down Arrow keys to select the EDIT sub-menu,
then either press <Enter> or the Right Arrow key. The EDIT menu will be
displayed.
WAVEFORM

9.
3-38
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
FREQ
60.00
Hz
EDIT
Vrms
120.00
V
VIEW
START
SAVE
DELETE
30.00
Deg
TIME
0.93
ms
STOP
50.00
Deg
AMPL
220.60
V
Select Vrms. Enter 150 using the keypad, then press <Enter> to set the RMS
voltage to 150 volts.
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
10.
Select START. Enter 30 using the keypad, then press <Enter> to set the
starting phase angle to 30°.
11.
Select STOP. Enter 50 using the keypad for an ending phase angle of 50°, then
press <Enter>. Note that the instrument automatically calculates the TIME (in
this case, 0.93 ms).
12.
Select AMPL. Enter 220.6, then press <Enter> to set the amplitude to 220.6V.
13.
Press <Menu> to return to the WAVEFORM Menu.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
EDIT

VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
14.
Select VIEW to view the scratchpad, then press <Enter>. A waveshape similar
to the one illustrated below should be displayed on the scratchpad.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
2
2
1
0
2
2
1
90
Operation Manual
180
270
3-39
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
15.
To retain the waveshape and display it on Phase A output on the front panel:
a.
Return to the MAIN MENU by pressing <Menu> twice.
b.
Select the PROGRAM Menu, then press <Enter>.
MAIN MENU

PROGRAM
PHASE A
MEASURE
AMPL
120.00
V
WAVEFORM
CURL
5.00
A
SEQUENCE
FREQ
60.00
Hz
ANG
0.00
Deg
FUNC
SCRATCH
INSTR
SYSTEM
16.
17.
3-40
OUTPUT [OFF]
In the PHASE A sub-menu:
a.
Select FUNC with the Knob, then press <Enter> to place a box around the
waveshape selection.
b.
Rotate the Knob until SCRATCH is displayed, then press <Enter>. The
scratchpad waveform will now be displayed on Phase A of the oscilloscope.
Press <Menu> or the Left Arrow key to return to the MAIN MENU.
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
3.5.3
Operation
Voltage Dropout Example
This example illustrates programming the SW for a voltage dropout on a 120V sine
waveform that starts at 45° with a duration of 1 millisecond and an amplitude of 10
volts.
MAIN MENU
OUTPUT [OFF]
PROGRAM
MEASURE
WAVEFORM
SEQUENCE
INSTR
SYSTEM
1.
At the MAIN MENU, select the WAVEFORM menu, then press <Enter>.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
EDIT
VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
2.
The WAVEFORM Menu will default to the LOAD sub-menu. If the cursor is not
pointing to LOAD, use the Knob or Up/Down Arrow keys to select LOAD.
3.
Press the Enter key to enter the FUNC (function) mode.
4.
Press <Enter> again to place a box around the waveshape selection.
5.
Use the Knob to cycle through the waveshape selections until SINE appears in
the FUNC box.
Operation Manual
3-41
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
WAVEFORM

LOAD
OUTPUT [OFF]
FUNC
Sine
EDIT
VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
Displays library of waveforms
6.
Press <Enter> to load the sine waveshape into scratchpad memory. The
message, [waveform successfully loaded], will indicate that the waveform is now
in scratchpad memory.
7.
Press <Menu> to return to the WAVEFORM Menu.
8.
Use either the Knob or the Up/Down Arrow keys to select the EDIT sub-menu,
then either press <Enter> or the Right Arrow key. The EDIT menu will be
displayed.
WAVEFORM

9.
3-42
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
FREQ
60.00
Hz
EDIT
Vrms
120.00
V
VIEW
START
SAVE
DELETE
45.00
Deg
TIME
1.00
ms
STOP
66.60
Deg
AMPL
10.00
V
Select Vrms. Enter 120, then press <Enter> to set the RMS voltage to 120
volts.
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
10.
Select START. Using the keypad, enter 45, then press <Enter> to set the
starting phase angle to 45°.
11.
Select TIME, enter 1 for a duration of 1 millisecond, then press <Enter>. Note
that the instrument automatically calculates the STOP phase angle value (in this
case, 66.6°).
12.
Select AMPL, enter 10 for 10 volts, then press <Enter>.
13.
Press <Menu> to return to the WAVEFORM Menu.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
LOAD
EDIT

VIEW
SAVE
DELETE
14.
Select VIEW to view the scratchpad, then press <Enter>. A waveshape similar
to the one illustrated below should be displayed on the scratchpad.
WAVEFORM
OUTPUT [OFF]
2
2
1
0
2
2
1
90
Operation Manual
180
270
3-43
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Operation
15.
To retain the waveshape and display it on Phase A of the oscilloscope:
a.
Return to the MAIN MENU by pressing <Menu> twice.
b.
Select the PROGRAM Menu, then press <Enter>.
MAIN MENU

OUTPUT [OFF]
PROGRAM
PHASE A
MEASURE
AMPL
120.00
V
WAVEFORM
CURL
5.00
A
SEQUENCE
FREQ
60.00
Hz
ANG
0.00
Deg
FUNC
SCRATCH
INSTR
SYSTEM
16.
17.
3.6
In the PHASE A sub-menu:
a.
Select FUNC with the Knob, then press <Enter> to place a box around the
waveshape selection.
b.
Rotate the Knob until SCRATCH is displayed, then press <Enter>. The
scratchpad waveform will now be displayed on Phase A of the oscilloscope.
Press <Menu> or the Left Arrow key to return to the MAIN MENU.
SCPI Specification
Refer to the SmartWave™ Switching Amplifier SCPI Programming Manual
(Elgar Document No. M162000-03).
3-44
Operation Manual
SECTION 4
STANDARD WAVEFORMS
The following standard waveforms are provided in the SW Series:
NAME
DESCRIPTION
SCALE FREQUENCY
FACTOR
RANGE
Clip0
A sine wave with the positive halfcycle clipped at 0V from
50 to 130°
1.0
40-5000 Hz
ClipPos
A sine wave with the positive halfcycle clipped from
50 to 130°
1.0
40-5000 Hz
ClipNeg
A sine wave with the positive halfcycle set to a 50%
negative value from 50 to 130°
1.0
40-5000 Hz
DC+
Used to operate the SW as a positive DC source
(true rms)
0.7071
N/A
DC-
Used to operate the SW as a negative DC source
(true rms)
0.7071
N/A
DcRip03+
+DC with 3% ripple. Frequency of the ripple is determined by the programmed output frequency (true rms)
0.7071
40-5000 Hz
DcRip03-
-DC with 3% ripple. Frequency of the ripple is determined by the programmed output frequency (true rms)
0.7071
40-5000 Hz
DcRip10+
+DC with 10% ripple. Frequency of the ripple is determined by the programmed output frequency (true rms)
0.7071
40-5000 Hz
DcRip10-
-DC with 10% ripple. Frequency of the ripple is determined by the programmed output frequency (true rms)
0.7071
40-5000 Hz
Drop45
Sine with a drop-out above 0V from 45 to 60°
1.0
40-5000 Hz
DropNeg
Sine with a drop-out to -Vpeak from 4 to 50°
1.0
40-5000 Hz
DropPeak
Sine wave with drop-out to 0V from 8 to 110°
1.0
40-5000 Hz
ExtrnDir
DC for use with System External direct input
1.0
40-5000 Hz
FlatTp05
Flat-top sine wave with 5% distortion (true rms)
0.9344
40-5000 Hz
FlatTp10
Flat-top sine wave with 10% distortion (true rms)
0.8894
40-5000 Hz
Operation Manual
4-1
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
Standard Waveforms
NAME
DESCRIPTION
SCALE FREQUENCY
FACTOR
RANGE
FlatTp15
Flat-top sine wave with 15% distortion (true rms)
0.8545
40-5000 Hz
FlatTp20
Flat-top sine wave with 20% distortion (true rms)
0.8251
40-5000 Hz
Four3
Fourier square wave with 1st and 3rd harmonics
(true rms)
0.8946
40-5000 Hz
Four5
Fourier square wave with 1st, 3rd, and 5th harmonics
(true rms)
0.8703
40-5000 Hz
Four7
Fourier square wave with 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th harmonics
(true rms)
0.8595
40-5000 Hz
Four9
Fourier square wave with 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th, and 9th
harmonics (true rms)
0.8537
40-5000 Hz
FulRect+
Positive DC full rectified sine wave
1.0
40-5000 Hz
FulRect-
Negative DC full rectified sine wave
1.0
40-5000 Hz
HalfCyc
Sine wave with 90 to 180° at 0Volts
1.0
40-5000 Hz
HlfRect+
Positive DC half rectified sine wave
1.0
40-5000 Hz
HlfRect-
Negative DC half rectified sine wave
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Inrush
Sine wave with first quarter (0 to 90°) at 0Volts
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Noisz010
Sine with 10% noise at zero crossings (true rms)
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Noisz100
Sine with 100% noise at zero crossings (true rms)
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Pcntl110
Phase control at 110°
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Pcntl170
Phase control at 170°
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Scratch
Waveform scratchpad. This is the waveform edit work
area. Waveforms being edited can be output for testing
purposes before they are saved to non-volatile memory.
1.0
Maximum of
waveform
loaded
SinDc01+
Sine wave with +1% DC offset
1.0
40-5000 Hz
SinDc01-
Sine wave with - 1% DC offset
1.0
40-5000 Hz
SinDc10+
Sine wave with +10% DC offset
1.0
40-5000 Hz
SinDc10-
Sine wave with - 10% DC offset
1.0
40-5000 Hz
SinDc20+
Sine wave with +20% DC offset
1.0
40-5000 Hz
SinDc20-
Sine wave with - 20% DC offset
1.0
40-5000 Hz
SinDc50+
Sine wave with +50% DC offset
1.0
40-5000 Hz
SinDc50-
Sine wave with - 50% DC offset
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Sine
Sine wave (true rms)
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Spike200
Sine with spikes at peaks. Spikes are from 85 to 95°
and calibrated to be 200Vpeak when programmed to
120Vrms
1.1785
40-5000 Hz
4-2
Operation Manual
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
NAME
DESCRIPTION
Standard Waveforms
SCALE FREQUENCY
FACTOR
RANGE
Spike250
Sine with spikes at peaks. Spikes are from 85 to 95°
and calibrated to be 250Vpeak when programmed to
120Vrms
1.4731
40-5000 Hz
Spike300
Sine with spikes at peaks. Spikes are from 85 to 95°
and calibrated to be 300Vpeak when programmed to
120Vrms
1.7678
40-5000 Hz
Spike400
Sine with spikes at peaks. Spikes are from 85 to 95°
and calibrated to be 400Vpeak when programmed to
120Vrms
2.3570
40-5000 Hz
Square
Square wave with 50% duty cycle (true rms)
0.7071
40-5000 Hz
Step_06
Six voltage step sine wave
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Step_12
Twelve voltage step sine wave
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Step_24
Twenty-four voltage step sine wave
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Taylor
5th harmonic Taylor series wave (true rms)
0.9136
40-5000 Hz
Triangle
Triangle wave (true rms)
1.2246
40-5000 Hz
Z1
3-phase output with a voltage spike occurring at the same
point in time. Spikes are from 45 to 90° and calibrated to
be 200 Vpeak when programmed to 80 Vrms
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Z2
3-phase output with a voltage spike occurring at the same
point in time. Spikes are from 165 to 210° and calibrated
to be 200 Vpeak when programmed to 80 Vrms
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Z3
3-phase output with a voltage spike occurring at the same
point in time. Spikes are from 285 to 330° and calibrated
to be 200 Vpeak when programmed to 80 Vrms
1.0
40-5000 Hz
Operation Manual
4-3
Standard Waveforms
SW 5550A•SW 3700A•SW 1850A
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4-4
Operation Manual
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