Raymarine | ST40 | Product specifications | Raymarine ST40 Product specifications

Distributed by
Any reference to Raytheon or
RTN in this manual should be
interpreted as Raymarine.
The names Raytheon and RTN
are owned by the
Raytheon Company.
ST40 Bidata
Instrument
Owner’s
Handbook
Document number: 81159_2
Date: 1st May 2001
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Copyright © Raymarine Limited 2001
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i
Preface
Important information
WARNING
Although your ST40 instrument is designed to give accurate and
reliable performance, it should serve only as an aid to navigation
and should never lead to the erosion of good seamanship. Always
maintain a permanent watch and be aware of situations as they
develop.
EMC conformance
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best
industry standards for use in the leisure marine environment.
The design and manufacture of Raymarine equipment and accessories
conform to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
standards, but correct installation is required to ensure that performance
is not compromised.
Handbook information
To the best of our knowledge, the information in this handbook was
correct when it went to press. However, the Raymarine policy of
continuous product improvement may change product specifications
without notice. Consequently, unavoidable differences may occur
between the product and the handbook from time to time, for which
Raymarine cannot accept liability.
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Preface
Contents
Important information .......................................................... i
WARNING ......................................................................... i
EMC conformance ............................................................. i
Handbook information ....................................................... i
Preface ..................................................................................... v
Parts supplied ................................................................... vi
Chapter 1: Operation ............................................................. 1
1.1 Introduction ................................................................. 1
Display ....................................................................... 1
1.2 Operating procedures .................................................. 2
Display action ............................................................. 2
Silencing alarms ......................................................... 2
1.3 Alarms ......................................................................... 7
Alarm indications ....................................................... 7
Shallow alarm ........................................................ 7
Deep alarm ............................................................. 7
Anchor alarms ........................................................ 7
Enabling/disabling alarms .......................................... 8
Chapter 2: Maintenance and Fault Finding ........................ 9
2.1 Maintenance ................................................................ 9
Servicing and safety ................................................... 9
Instrument ................................................................... 9
Transducer ................................................................ 10
Cabling ..................................................................... 10
2.2 Fault finding .............................................................. 10
Preliminary procedures ............................................ 10
Fixing faults .............................................................. 10
Assistance ................................................................. 13
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
Chapter 3: Installation ......................................................... 15
3.1 Planning your installation ......................................... 15
EMC installation guidelines ..................................... 15
Suppression Ferrites ........................................... 16
Connections to Other Equipment ......................... 16
Tools required .......................................................... 16
Site requirements ...................................................... 17
Transducers .......................................................... 17
Instrument ............................................................ 19
3.2 Procedures ................................................................. 20
Fitting transducers .................................................... 20
Running transducer cable .................................... 20
Connections to the instrument .................................. 21
Stand-alone connections ...................................... 22
SeaTalk connections ............................................ 23
Fitting the instrument ............................................... 23
Desktop Mounting Bracket .................................. 25
3.3 Calibration requirement ............................................ 26
Chapter 4: Calibration ......................................................... 27
4.1 Introduction ............................................................... 27
EMC conformance ................................................... 27
4.2 User calibration ......................................................... 27
Depth offsets ............................................................ 31
4.3 Intermediate calibration ............................................ 31
4.4 Dealer calibration ...................................................... 32
Instrument Specification .................................................... 35
Glossary ................................................................................. 37
Index ...................................................................................... 39
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Preface
Preface
Thank you for purchasing a Raymarine product. We are sure your
ST40 instrument will give you many years of trouble-free operation.
This instrument is designed to provide reliable performance, even
under the most demanding conditions.
D48
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vi
ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
Parts supplied
BIDATA
ST40
ST40 Bidata instrument
Instrument Cover
Gasket
Depth transducer
Retractable speed transducer
Supplied with bung
(not illustrated)
Fixing
stud
1 m (3 ft) power cable
Clamping bracket
Thumb
nut
ST40 Bidata Instrument - quick reference guide
Normal operation
SWITCH ON
DEPTH
SPEED
Last permanent
screen is displayed
ST40
Bidata
Instrument
Owner's
Handbook
Worldwide
Distributors
Maximum
speed
Average
speed
Notes:
* denotes temporary screens
which will time-out to the previous
permanent screen after 5 seconds.
Depth
Current
speed
On repeater instruments, on;ly the
Speed, Water temperature,
Depth and Minimum depth
screens are available.
Minimum
depth
Alarm on/off
Reset
Shallow
alarm
3 seconds
3 seconds
Alarm on/off
Reset
Deep
alarm
3 seconds
3 seconds
+
Alarm on/off
Log
Shallow
anchor
alarm
Set
alarm
level
-
Alarm on/off
Reset
Trip
3 seconds
Deep
anchor
alarm
3 seconds
Water
Temp.
Offset
3 seconds
With Set alarm level screen displayed,
press the
and
keys simultaneously
to save the alarm level and return to
normal operation.
Adjusting display backlighting/contrast
To enter adjust mode, press
OFF
for 1 second to adjust BACKLIGHTING and a further 1 second to adjust CONTRAST
LEVEL 1
LEVEL 2
To exit adjust mode press
Owner’s Handbook.
Warranty document and fitting
templates included in Handbook
Worldwide Service Centre
Handbook.
LEVEL 3
or
LEVEL 2
LEVEL 1
or wait for 5 second timeout
Quick Reference Guide
Note:
The items shown here are supplied for an ST40 Bidata system. If an instrument is purchased separately, transducers
are not included. If any item is not present, contact your Raymarine Dealer.
D4730-2
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Chapter 1: Operation
Chapter 1: Operation
1.1 Introduction
Your ST40 Bidata instrument:
• Provides speed information (current, maximum and average), in
either knots (KTS), miles per hour (MPH) or kilometres per
hour (KPH).
• Provides log and trip information. These are given in either nautical
miles (NM), statute miles (M) or kilometres (KM).
• Provides water temperature information. This is given in either
degrees Celsius (°C) or degrees Fahrenheit (°F).
• Provides depth information in either feet (FT), metres (M) or
fathoms (FA).
• Records the minimum depth encountered during the period it is
switched on. You can reset this at any time.
• Enables you to define alarm thresholds for shallow water, deep
water, shallow anchor and deep anchor.
• Enables you to see what offset is applied to the depth reading.
Note: The required speed, distance, depth and water temperature units
are selected during User calibration (see Chapter 4, Calibration).
CAUTION
Your instrument is calibrated to factory (default) settings when
first supplied and must therefore be calibrated before use, to
ensure optimum performance on your vessel. Do NOT use the
instrument until the calibration procedures have been
satisfactorily completed, using the procedures in Chapter 4,
Calibration.
Coloured bezel and Desktop Mounting Bracket options are available
for your ST40 instrument. Contact your Raymarine dealer for further
information.
Display
The ST40 Bidata display comprises upper and lower data areas, each of
which shows either depth or speed information, selected as shown in
the following illustration.
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
DEPTH
SPEED
SPEED
DEPTH
Selecting where speed and depth information is displayed
D4733-2
1.2 Operating procedures
Operating information is presented in flow chart form. The flow charts
show the various operating screens and key presses necessary to carry
out the various instrument functions. Key presses are momentary unless
otherwise stated. Note that:
• Up/down depth-trend arrows are displayed, if the seabed is rising or
falling at a significant rate.
• The minimum depth reading is reset to zero at power up.
• The maximum speed reading is reset to zero at power up.
• The average speed reading is reset to zero at power up.
• The Log screen shows the total distance covered by the vessel since
the ST40 Bidata instrument was fitted.
• The trip reading is reset to zero at power up.
Display action
During normal operation (see Normal operation flow charts), the
Speed, Depth and Water temperature screens are permanent
screens, i.e. once one of these is selected, it will remain until another
screen is manually selected. All other screens are temporary and after
5 seconds, will time out to the permanent screen which was last
displayed for 5 seconds or more.
Silencing alarms
To silence an alarm (see the Alarms section, later in this chapter),
momentarily press any one of the instrument keys.
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Chapter 1: Operation
NORMAL OPERATION (sheet 1)
Switch on
DEPTH
SPEED
SPEED
DEPTH
See
NORMAL OPERATION
Previous speed screen is displayed
(sheet 2)
Current
speed
Water temperature
Maximum
speed
Trip
To reset
To reset
3 seconds
3 seconds
Note:
The trip distance can be
reset only if the instrument
is a speed master,
i.e. connected to a speed
transducer.
Average
speed
Log
To reset
3 seconds
Note: Screens annotated with * are temporary and will time-out
to the previous permanent screen after 5 seconds.
D4731-2
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
NORMAL OPERATION (sheet 2)
Switch on
SPEED
DEPTH
DEPTH
SPEED
See NORMAL OPERATION (sheet 1)
Depth
To/from Offset screen (sheet 3)
Notes:
Note: Screens other than the Depth screen,
are temporary and will time-out to the previous
permanent screen after 5 seconds.
Minimum
depth
To reset
This diagram shows the operating sequence for
an ST40 Bidata master instrument. On a repeater
instrument, only the Depth, Minimum
depth, Speed and Water temperature
screens are available.
3 seconds
With any set alarm screen displayed, press the
and
keys simultaneously
to save the alarm level and return to
normal operation.
Alarm
on/off
Shallow
alarm
Set Shallow alarm
Increase
3 seconds
+
Momentary
If the Shallow alarm
has been locked during User
calibration, you cannot switch it on
or off or change the threshold value.
Decrease
To/from
Deep alarm screen
(sheet 3)
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Chapter 1: Operation
NORMAL OPERATION (sheet 3)
To/from Shallow alarm screen
(sheet 2)
Alarm
on/off
Deep
alarm
Set Deep alarm
3 seconds
Increase
+
Momentary
Decrease
Alarm
on/off
Shallow anchor
alarm
Set Shallow
anchor alarm
3 seconds
Increase
+
Momentary
Decrease
Alarm
on/off
Deep anchor
alarm
Set Deep
anchor alarm
3 seconds
Increase
+
Momentary
Decrease
Offset
(+ve values)
(offset = 0.0)
(-ve values)
To/from Depth screen
(sheet 2)
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Note: Screens other than the Depth screen, are temporary and
will time-out to the previous permanent screen after 5 seconds.
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
Adjusting display backlighting and contrast
Hold down
for 1 second to enter Adjust Backlight mode
for 2 seconds to move through Adjust Backlight mode and enter Adjust Contrast mode
ADJUST BACKLIGHTING
During normal operation, press
for 1 second
The current backlighting level is displayed.
Select the required backlighting level then:
to adjust contrast,
press
for 1 second
to return to normal operation,
or
press
or wait for 5 second timeout
Normal operation
ADJUST CONTRAST
During normal operation, press
for 2 seconds
via Adjust Backlighting
The current contrast level is displayed.
Select the required contrast level then
press
or
or wait for 5 second timeout
Normal operation
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Chapter 1: Operation
1.3 Alarms
Alarm indications
Shallow alarm
Depth is equal to or less than the shallow alarm threshold.
Alarm continues until cancelled manually.
D4666-2
Deep alarm
Triggered by depths equal to the deep alarm threshold. Continues until cancelled manually.
D4789_2
Anchor alarms
Depth is either:
equal to or less than the shallow anchor alarm threshold
or
equal to or more than the deep anchor alarm threshold
D4790-2
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
Enabling/disabling alarms
You can enable or disable any alarm function (i.e. switch it on or off )
by selecting the relevant alarm screen (see Normal operation) and
holding down the
key for 3 seconds (toggle action).
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Chapter 2: Maintenance and Fault Finding
Chapter 2: Maintenance and Fault Finding
2.1 Maintenance
Servicing and safety
• Raymarine equipment should be serviced only by authorised
Raymarine service technicians. They will ensure that service
procedures and replacement parts used will not affect performance.
There are no user-serviceable parts in any Raymarine product.
• Some products generate high voltages, so never handle the cables/
connectors when power is being supplied to the equipment.
• When powered up, all electrical equipment produces
electromagnetic fields. These can cause adjacent pieces of electrical
equipment to interact with one another, with a consequent adverse
affect on operation. In order to minimise these effects and enable
you to get the best possible performance from your Raymarine
equipment, guidelines are given in the installation instructions, to
enable you to ensure minimum interaction between different items
of equipment, i.e. ensure optimum Electromagnetic Compatibility
(EMC).
• Always report any EMC-related problem to your nearest Raymarine
dealer. We will use any such information to improve our quality
standards.
• In some installations, it may not be possible to prevent the
equipment from being affected by external influences. In general
this will not damage the equipment but it can lead to spurious
resetting action, or momentarily may result in faulty operation.
• Always switch off the power to Raymarine equipment before
working on it.
When requesting service, please quote equipment Type, Model
Number, Serial Number and, if possible, Software Release Issue. The
Software Release Issue can be ascertained by means of the
Intermediate Calibration facility, see Chapter 4, Calibration.
Instrument
Certain atmospheric conditions may cause a small amount of
condensation to form on the instrument window. This will not harm the
instrument and will clear after the instrument has been switched on for a
short period.
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
Periodically clean your ST40 instrument with a soft damp cloth. Do
NOT use chemical or abrasive materials to clean the instrument.
Transducers
Refer to the Installation and Maintenance instructions supplied with the
transducers.
Cabling
Examine all cables for chafing or other damage to the outer shield and,
where necessary, replace and re-secure.
2.2 Fault finding
Preliminary procedures
If you appear to have a problem, first check the security of the
connections at the rear of the instrument and reconnect any that are
loose.
Changes in the electronic environment may adversely affect the
operation of your ST40 equipment. Typical examples of such changes
are:
• Electrical equipment has recently been installed or moved aboard
your vessel.
• You are in the vicinity of another vessel or shore station emitting
radio signals.
Fixing faults
All Raymarine products are subjected to comprehensive test and
quality assurance programmes prior to packing and shipping. However,
if a fault occurs, the following guidelines may help to identify and
rectify the problem.
Action
Low battery
Recharge your vessel’s battery as
soon as possible
BIDATA
D4737-2
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Chapter 2: Maintenance and Fault Finding
Display blank
Action
Check fuse/circuit breaker.
Check power supply.
ST40
Check SeaTalk cabling and
connector security.
BIDATA
D4738-2
Depth reading
flashes when
under way
OR
ST40
BIDATA
ST40
BIDATA
D4739-2
Action
Ensure that reading stabilises when clear of disturbed water,
e.g. boat wakes, propeller wash etc.
No depth information
OR
ST40
BIDATA
ST40
1 minute
ST40
BIDATA
1 minute
BIDATA
ST40
BIDATA
D4740-2
Action
Check the condition of the depth transducer cable and the
security of the connections.
Could also be due to weed growing on the transducer face.
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
No speed or
temperature
information
OR
ST40
BIDATA
ST40
and
ST40
BIDATA
and
ST40
BIDATA
BIDATA
D4741-3
Action
Check the condition of the speed transducer cable and the
security of the connections.
No speed
information but
temperature
information is
present
OR
ST40
BIDATA
ST40
and
ST40
BIDATA
and
BIDATA
ST40
BIDATA
D4742-2
Action
CAUTION
If you need to remove the transducer insert, have the transducer
bung to hand and secure it in the transducer body immediately
after the insert has been removed, to prevent excessive ingress of
water.
The speed transducer paddle wheel may be fouled. Clean the paddle
wheel.
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Chapter 2: Maintenance and Fault Finding
SeaTalk
information
not being
transferred
between
instruments
For example, backlighting
level changes implemented
at one instrument do not
affect other instruments
Action
Check security of SeaTalk
connections between instruments.
Check condition of SeaTalk cables.
Isolate faulty instrument by
disconnecting instruments one by one.
A group of SeaTalk
instruments not
working
Action
ST40
WIND
ST40
DEPTH
ST40
BIDATA
Check the security of SeaTalk
connectors between functioning and
non-functioning instruments.
D4747-2
Assistance
If you are unable to rectify any problem, please contact your local
Raymarine Dealer for assistance.
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Chapter 3: Installation
Chapter 3: Installation
This chapter describes how to install the ST40 Bidata instrument, and
associated transducers. The transducers are fitted in the hull of the
vessel and is connected to the rear of the instrument.
3.1 Planning your installation
Determine the best positions for both transducer and instrument, such
that the EMC installation guidelines and the Site requirements (below)
are satisfied.
EMC installation guidelines
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best
industry standards for use in the leisure marine environment.
Their design and manufacture conform to the appropriate
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standards, but correct
installation is required to ensure that performance is not compromised.
Although every effort has been taken to ensure that they will perform
under all conditions, it is important to understand what factors could
affect the operation of the product.
The guidelines given here describe the conditions for optimum EMC
performance, but it is recognised that it may not be possible to meet all
of these conditions in all situations. To ensure the best possible
conditions for EMC performance within the constraints imposed by
any location, always ensure the maximum separation possible between
different items of electrical equipment.
For optimum EMC performance, it is recommended that wherever
possible:
• All Raymarine equipment and cables connected to it are:
• At least 1 m (3 feet) from any equipment transmitting or cables
carrying radio signals e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas. In
the case of SSB radios, the distance should be increased to 2 m
(7 ft).
• More than 2 m (7 ft) from the path of a radar beam. A radar beam
can normally be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below
the radiating element.
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
• The equipment is supplied from a different battery from that used for
engine start. Voltage drops below 10 V in the power supply to our
products, and starter motor transients, can cause the equipment to
reset. This will not damage the equipment, but may cause the loss of
some information and may change the operating mode.
• Raymarine specified cables are used at all times. Cutting and
rejoining these cables can compromise EMC performance and so
must be avoided unless doing so is detailed in the installation
manual.
• If a suppression ferrite is attached to a cable, this ferrite should not
be removed. If the ferrite needs to be removed during installation it
must be reassembled in the same position.
Suppression Ferrites
The following illustration shows typical cable suppression ferrites fitted
to Raymarine equipment. Always use the ferrites supplied by
Raymarine.
D3548-2
Connections to Other Equipment
If your Raymarine equipment is going to be connected to other
equipment using a cable not supplied by Raymarine, a suppression
ferrite MUST always be fitted to the cable close to the Raymarine unit.
Tools required
The tools required for fitting the standard ST40 instrument system are
shown in the following illustration.
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Chapter 3: Installation
57 mm
(2.25 in)
51 mm
(2.0 in)
D4643-1
Note: If you intend fitting a nonstandard transducer, extra tools may
be required
Site requirements
Transducers
The transducer types required for the various hull types are as follows:
Hull material
Speed transducer
Depth transducer
GRP
Steel
Aluminium
M78712 Through hull plastic
(supplied as standard)
M78713 through hull plastic
(supplied as standard) or
M78718 Retractable through hull
Wood
M78716 Through hull bronze
M78714 Through hull bronze
89 mm (3.50 in)
Depth
100 mm
(3.95 in)
75 mm (2.94 in)
diameter
75 mm (2.94 in)
diameter
Speed
51 mm (2.0 in)
diameter
51 mm (2.0 in)
diameter
75 mm (2.94 in) 5 mm
diameter
(0.19 in)
75 mm (2.94 in)
diameter
Plastic through hull transducer dimensions
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14 mm
(0.57 in)
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
Other transducer types are available for specific requirements. For
further details, contact your local Raymarine dealer.
The transducers should be sited within the clear water flow areas
indicated by the shaded areas below.
Sailing vessel
Planing power
vessel
Displacement power
vessel
Transducer siting
D4349-1
Each transducer should also:
• Be ahead of the propellers (by a minimum of 10% of the water line
length ).
• Be at least 150 mm (6 in) away from the keel (ideally ahead of the
keel if a sailing yacht).
• Be as near as possible to the centre line of the vessel.
• Be clear of other through-hull fittings or projections.
• Have sufficient clearance inside the hull to fit the nut.
• Have 100 mm (4 in) of headroom to allow for withdrawal.
In addition to the above requirements, the depth transducer must be
mounted within 100 of the vertical, forward, aft and athwart ships.
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Chapter 3: Installation
Depth transducer maximum angle
D4350-2
Instrument
55 mm
(2.2 in)
70 mm
(2.8 in)
ST40
30 mm (1.2 in)
minimum cable clearance
126 mm (5.0 in)
Instrument dimensions
21 mm
(0.8 in)
17 mm
(0.67 in)
D4644-2
CAUTION:
The presence of moisture at the rear of the instrument could cause
damage either by entering the instrument through the breathing
hole or by coming into contact with the electrical connectors.
Each instrument must be positioned where:
• It is easily read by the helmsman or navigator
• It is protected against physical damage
• It is at least 230 mm (9 in) from a compass
• There is reasonable rear access for installation and servicing
• The rear of the instrument is protected from water.
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
3.2 Procedures
Adapt these procedures as appropriate, to suit your individual
requirement.
CAUTION:
Where it is necessary to cut holes (e.g. for cable routing and
instrument mounting), ensure that these will not cause a hazard by
weakening critical parts of the vessel’s structure. If in doubt, seek
the advice of a reputable boat builder.
Fitting transducers
Instructions for installing and maintaining the speed and depth
transducers are packed with them. Before attempting to install the
transducers, read these instructions and the Site requirements for
transducers described in this Chapter.
Running transducer cable
Each transducer type has a 9 m (30 ft) cable fitted with spade terminals
for connection to the ST40 Bidata instrument. Observing the following
guidelines, run the cable to the instrument:
• If the cable has to be fed through the deck, always use a good quality
deck gland.
• Where cables are fed through holes, always use grommets to prevent
chafing.
• Secure long cable runs so they do not present a hazard.
• Wherever possible, route the cable away from fluorescent lights,
engines, radio transmitting equipment, as these may cause
interference.
Important point: Do NOT shorten the cable from the depth transducer
as this will seriously degrade transducer performance.
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Chapter 3: Installation
Connections to the instrument
You can connect your instrument:
• Directly to the speed and depth transducers as a stand-alone master
instrument. When connected in this manner, the instrument must be
connected to a suitable power source using the 1 m (3 ft) power
cable provided.
• As part of a SeaTalk system either as a repeater or, with a transducer
also connected as a system master. To connect to SeaTalk, you will
need an additional SeaTalk Interconnection Kit (Part No. E25028).
When connected in this manner, power can be provided from the
SeaTalk bus (e.g. from the autopilot).
You can also connect the instrument to the speed and depth transducers
and to SeaTalk. When thus connected, the instrument will be the master
speed and depth instrument for the SeaTalk system.
If it is necessary to fit spade connectors to the transducer cable, do so as
shown in the following illustration. Prepare the cable, as at (a), and fit
the spade connectors, as at (b). When fitting each spade connector,
ensure that wire strands do not extend beyond the rear of the spade
connector insulation.
10 mm
50 mm
(a)
4 mm
(b)
3 mm
Preparing wires for connection
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
Stand-alone connections
CAUTION
Ensure that the power supply for each stand-alone ST40
instrument is protected by a 3 A fuse or circuit breaker.
3 A circuit breaker
Red +ve
Note:
A 3 A fuse can be used in place of
the circuit breaker, if preferred.
Uninsulated wire (screen) -ve
12 V dc supply
(e.g. battery)
Power cable
Screen
Blue
Black
Red
Green
Screen
White
Brown
_
Cable from
Depth transducer
Cable from
Speed transducer
Connections to a stand-alone instrument
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D4791-2
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Chapter 3: Installation
SeaTalk connections
CAUTION
When instruments are connected to SeaTalk, ensure that the
power supply for the SeaTalk 12 V line is protected by a 5 A fuse
or circuit breaker.
Note:
A 5 A fuse can be used in place of
the circuit breaker, if preferred.
5 A circuit breaker
Red (+ve)
12 V dc supply
(e.g. course
computer
or battery)
Uninsulated wire
(screen) -ve
Power cable
SeaTalk bus
SeaTalk bus
SeaTalk interface
kit
Typical SeaTalk connections
D4825-2
Fitting the instrument
Fit your ST40 instrument as shown in the following illustrations.
1
Remove template from handbook (immediately after index), apply to required location
and mark cutting centre.
ST4
0 In
stru
me
nt
Tem
pla
te
TOP
sha Cut
ded out
are
ao
nly
Cutting centre
Cut
57 out h
diamm (2ole
me .25
ter in
)
D4759-1
159_2c03.p65
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24
ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
2
Cut hole
57 mm (2.25 in) cutter
D4760-1
3
Peel protective sheets from gasket
D4770-1
4
Stick gasket to rear of instrument
D4761-1
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25
Chapter 3: Installation
5
Screw stud into instrument
D4819-1
6
Feed cables through clamping bracket,
connect cables then secure instrument with
bracket and thumb nut
D4762-1
Desktop Mounting Bracket
An optional Desktop Mounting Bracket (Part No. E25024) enables you
to mount your ST40 instrument in locations where other forms of
mounting are impractical.
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26
ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
D4646-1
To bracket mount your ST40 instrument, do so in accordance with the
Instruction Sheet, which is included with the Desktop Mounting
Bracket.
3.3 Calibration requirement
Once installation is complete and before you use your instrument, carry
out the calibration procedures detailed in Chapter 4, Calibration.
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27
Chapter 4: Calibration
Chapter 4: Calibration
4.1 Introduction
The procedures in this Chapter must be carried out before the
equipment is used operationally, to optimise the performance of the
instrument with the vessel.
Calibration information is presented in flow chart form. The flow charts
show the various calibration screens and key presses necessary to carry
out calibration. All key presses are momentary unless otherwise stated.
EMC conformance
• Always check the installation before going to sea to make sure that it
is not affected by radio transmissions, engine starting etc.
4.2 User calibration
User calibration enables you to:
• Set the required units for speed readings. Either KTS (knots), MPH
(miles per hour) or KPH (kilometres per hour).
• Select temperature units. Either °C or °F, as required.
• Set the speed display response. Use higher response values when
boating in conditions requiring rapid updates of the current speed
(e.g. competition sailing or on power boats). Use slower response
values when you require an average speed over a longer period of
time (e.g. when cruising, especially in heavy seas).
• Set the correct speed reading, either by using a Cal factor screen to
adjust the calibration factor, or by applying Speed Over Ground
(SOG) as the current speed. Your vessel must be moving at 0.5 KTS
or more and be receiving SeaTalk SOG data, to enable SOG to be
applied as the current speed. This should be done only in conditions
of zero tide and current.
• Set the depth display response. Use higher response values when
boating in conditions requiring rapid updates of depth information
(e.g. inshore, especially when travelling at high speed). Use slower
response values when you require an average depth over a longer
period of time (e.g. deep sea cruising).
• Set the required units for depth readings. Either FT (feet), M (metres)
or FA (fathoms).
159_2c04.p65
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
• Set the required depth offset.
• Lock the shallow alarm, to prevent unauthorised changes during
normal operation.
Power up the instrument then follow the procedure in the User
calibration flow diagram. This diagram shows the User calibration
sequence for an ST40 Bidata operating as a master instrument for both
speed and depth .
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29
Chapter 4: Calibration
USER CALIBRATION (sheet 1)
During normal operation
hold down
and
for approximately 2 seconds
Entry
screen
Note:
If there is no key activity when the Entry screen
is displayed, calibration will time out to normal
operation after 5 seconds,
ST40
BIDATA
From Shallow alarm lock screen
(sheet 2)
Depth
response
15 (fast)
CAL
ST40
BIDATA
1 (slow)
Speed
response
15 (fast)
CAL
ST40
BIDATA
1 (slow)
Depth
units
CAL
FA
ST40
BIDATA
M
Speed
units
To save your settings and return to normal
operation from any screen, hold down
CAL
and
MPH
ST40
for approximately 2 seconds
BIDATA
KPH
To Distance units screen
(sheet 2)
D4743-2
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
USER CALIBRATION (sheet 2)
From Speed units screen (sheet 1)
To
Depth response
screen (sheet 1)
Distance
units
Shallow
alarm
lock
CAL
CAL
KM
ST40
BIDATA
SM
Temperature
units
CAL
ST40
2.5
(increase
speed)
BIDATA
F
Set to
SOG
Cal
factor
CAL
CAL
and
BIDATA
ST40
BIDATA
Displayed only if SOG available on
SeaTalk & vessel speed greater than
0.5 kt. To apply SOG value as speed
reading, press
0.25
(decrease
speed)
for 3 seconds
in conditions of zero tide
and current
Depth
offset
CAL
ST40
BIDATA
WARNING:
Correct offset values are
essential to ensure the safe
operation of the vessel. If you
are not sure how to set the
correct values, refer to the
additional information given
in the text accompanying this
To save your settings and return to normal operation from any screen,
hold down
and
for approximately 2 seconds
D4744-2
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31
Chapter 4: Calibration
Depth offsets
WARNING:
The use of incorrect offset values could result in misleading depth
information being displayed with a consequent risk of running
aground.
The depth offset screen enables you to determine the exact point on the
vessel from which depths are measured. This point can be:
• The transducer. Set offset to zero. With zero offset applied, the
screen header is OFST.
• The bottom of the keel. Set a negative offset equal to the vertical
distance between the transducer position and the bottom of the keel.
With a negative offset applied, the screen header is KEEL.
• The water line. Set a positive offset equal to the vertical distance
between the transducer position and the water line. With a positive
offset applied, the screen header is W/L.
4.3 Intermediate calibration
Intermediate calibration enables you to:
• Check the instrument software version.
• Check and if necessary set, the instrument status - either MASTR
(master) or REPTR (repeater), for both speed and depth.
Follow the procedure in the Intermediate calibration flow diagram.
159_2c04.p65
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
INTERMEDIATE CALIBRATION
During normal operation
hold down
and
for approximately 4 seconds
Software
version
ST40
Note:
If there is no key activity when
the Software version screen
is displayed, calibration will
time out to normal operation
after 5 seconds,
BIDATA
Depth
status
CAL
ST40
BIDATA
Speed
status
CAL
ST40
BIDATA
To save your settings and return to normal operation from any screen,
hold down
and
for approximately 2 seconds
D4745-2
4.4 Dealer calibration
Dealer calibration enables you to set:
• User calibration on/off.
• Boat show mode on/off.
Dealer calibration also gives access to the Factory defaults screen.
This enables you to reapply the factory settings if you want to reset the
instrument to a known operating condition.
Follow the procedure in the Dealer calibration flow diagram.
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Chapter 4: Calibration
DEALER CALIBRATION
During normal operation
hold down
and
for approximately 12 seconds
Entry
screen
Note:
If there is no key activity when the Entry screen
is displayed, calibration will time out to normal
operation after 5 seconds,
ST40
BIDATA
Calibration
access
CAL
ST40
BIDATA
If
Return to
normal
operation
with factory
defaults set
If
Factory
defaults
Boat show
mode
CAL
CAL
ST40
ST40
BIDATA
BIDATA
CAUTION:
Do NOT switch the Boat Show mode on.
This function must only be used for
demonstration purposes.
To save your settings and return to normal operation from any screen,
hold down
and
for approximately 2 seconds
D4746-2
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
34
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Instrument Specification
35
Instrument Specification
Supply voltage:
10 V to 16 V dc.
Current consumption (12 V supply):
35 mA typical.
70 mA with maximum backlighting.
Operating temperature:
0°C to +70°C.
Interfaces:
SeaTalk.
Overall dimensions:
126 mm x 70 mm x 38 mm
(5.00 inches x 2.80 inches x 1.55 inches).
Boss diameter:
55 mm (2.20 inches).
Speed range:
0 to 99.9 knots.
Log range:
0 to 99999.
Trip reading range:
0 to 999 nautical miles.
Temperature reading range:
-10°C to +40°C.
Depth range:
0 to 400 feet.
Shallow depth alarm:
0 to 29 feet.
Deep depth alarm:
30 to 400 feet.
Shallow anchor alarm:
1 to 250 feet.
Deep anchor alarm:
10 to 400 feet.
Approvals:
CE - conforms to
159_2spe.p65
89/336/EC(EMC), EN60945.
94/25/EC(RCD), EN28846 (applies to
transducer only).
35
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
36
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Glossary
37
Glossary
Cal factor
Calibration factor. Used in the ST40 Speed and Bidata instruments to
ensure the current speed reading is the actual speed. Values are from 0.25
(reduce speed reading) to 2.5 (increase speed reading).
EMC
Electromagnetic Compatibility.
FA
Fathoms.
FT
Feet.
KEEL
When displayed on the Offset screen (during normal operation), or the
Depth offset screen (during User calibration), indicates that a negative
depth offset is set.
KPH
Kilometres per hour.
KTS
Knots.
M
Metres.
MPH
Miles per hour.
OFST
When displayed on the Offset screen (during normal operation), or the
Depth offset screen (during User calibration), indicates that a depth
offset value of 0 is set.
Response
The rate at which an instrument responds to changes in speed and depth.
Values are from 1 (slow response) to 15 (fast response).
SeaTalk
SeaTalk is a proprietary Raymarine system which links different
compatible products, to provide a single, integrated navigational system.
SeaTalk can also communicate with non-SeaTalk equipment using the
internationally- accepted National Marine Electronics Association
(NMEA) protocol. Contact your Raymarine dealer for details.
W/L
When displayed on the Offset screen (during normal operation), or the
Depth offset screen (during User calibration), indicates that a positive
depth offset is set.
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
38
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39
Index
Index
A
Alarms 7–8
enable/disable 8
indications 7
ranges 35
setting thresholds 4–5
silencing 2
switching on and off 4–5
Average speed reset 2, 3
B
Backlighting 6
Boat show mode
E
EMC
conformance i, 27
installation guidelines
32
C
Calibration 27–33
Dealer 32–33
Intermediate 31–32
setting appropriate response values 27
setting user access 33
User 27–31
User calibration screen sequences
Calibration requirement 1, 26
Cleaning the instrument 10
Condensation 9
Connecting the instrument 21
Contrast 6
Current consumption 35
D
Dealer calibration 32–33
Depth
alarms 4–5
appropriate response values 27
offset 5, 28, 30, 31
range 35
reading flashing 11
response 27, 29
units 27
Desktop Mounting Bracket 25–26
Dimensions 35
159_2ind.p65
Display
backlighting 6
contrast 6
selecting speed or data display
39
31
2
15–16
F
Factory defaults 32
Fault finding 10
assistance 13
blank display 11
depth reading flashing 11
low battery 10
no depth information 11
no speed information 12
no speed or temperature information 12
SeaTalk problems 13
I
Installation 15–26
connecting the instrument 21
EMC guidelines 15
fitting the instrument 23–26
planning 15–19
site requirements 17–20
tools required 16–17
transducers 20
Instrument
cleaning 10
condensation 9
connecting 21
current consumption 35
fitting 23–26
site requirements 19
status (master or repeater) 31
supply voltage 35
Intermediate calibration 31–32
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ST40 Bidata Instrument Owner’s Handbook
L
Log
range 35
Log distance 2
Low battery indication
10
M
Maintenance 9–10
Maximum speed reset 2, 3
Minimum depth reset 2, 4
N
Normal operation
3–6
Site requirements 17–20
instrument 19
transducers 17–20
Software version 31
Specifications 35
Speed
appropriate response values
calibration factor 37
range 35
response 27
units 29
T
Temperature reading range 35
Transducers
fitting 20
site requirements 17–20
Trip distance
range 35
Trip distance reset 3
O
Offset 5, 28, 30, 31
Operation 1–8
P
Panel lighting 6
Parts supplied vi
R
Reset
average speed 2, 3
maximum speed 2, 3
minimum depth 2, 4
trip distance 3
Response values
depth 27
speed 27
U
User calibration 27–31
screen sequences 31
V
Voltage
35
S
Servicing and safety 9
Setting
alarm thresholds 4–5
backlighting 6
calibration factor 30
contrast 6
correct speed 30
depth offset 30–31
depth response 29
depth units 29
shallow alarm lock 29
speed response 29
speed units 29
Shallow alarm lock 29
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40
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27
159_2tem.p65
41
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ST40 Instrument Template
Cut out
shaded area only
TOP
D4800-1
Cut out hole
57 mm (2.25 in)
diameter
159_2tem.p65
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84064_8.fm Page 1 Monday, April 9, 2001 4:42 PM
Limited Warranty Certificate
Raymarine warrants each new Light Marine/Dealer Distributor Product to be of good materials and
workmanship, and will repair or exchange any parts proven to be defective in material and
workmanship under normal use for a period of 2 years/24 months from date of sale to end user, except
as provided below.
Defects will be corrected by Raymarine or an authorized Raymarine dealer. Raymarine will, except
as provided below, accept labor cost for a period of 2 years/24 months from the date of sale to end user.
During this period, except for certain products, travel costs (auto mileage and tolls) up to 100 round
trip highway miles (160 kilometres) and travel time of 2 hours, will be assumed by Raymarine only
on products where proof of installation or commission by authorized service agents, can be shown.
Warranty Limitations
Raymarine Warranty policy does not apply to equipment which has been subjected to accident, abuse
or misuse, shipping damage, alterations, corrosion, incorrect and/or non-authorized service, or
equipment on which the serial number has been altered, mutilated or removed.
Except where Raymarine or its authorized dealer has performed the installation, it assumes no
responsibility for damage incurred during installation.
This Warranty does not cover routine system checkouts or alignment/calibration, unless required by
replacement of part(s) in the area being aligned.
A suitable proof of purchase, showing date, place, and serial number must be made available to
Raymarine or authorized service agent at the time of request for Warranty service.
Consumable items, (such as: Chart paper, lamps, fuses, batteries, styli, stylus/drive belts, radar mixer
crystals/diodes, snap-in impeller carriers, impellers, impeller bearings, and impeller shaft) are
specifically excluded from this Warranty.
Magnetrons, Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT), TFT Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) and cold cathode
fluorescent lamps (CCFL), hailer horns and transducers are warranted for 1 year/12 months from date
of sale. These items must be returned to a Raymarine facility.
All costs associated with transducer replacement, other than the cost of the transducer itself, are
specifically excluded from this Warranty.
Overtime premium labor portion of services outside of normal working hours is not covered by this
Warranty.
Travel cost allowance on certain products with a suggested retail price below $2500.00 is not
authorized. When/or if repairs are necessary, these products must be forwarded to a Raymarine
facility or an authorized dealer at owner’s expense will be returned via surface carrier at no cost to the
owner.
Travel costs other than auto mileage, tolls and two (2) hours travel time, are specifically excluded on
all products. Travel costs which are excluded from the coverage of this Warranty include but are not
limited to: taxi, launch fees, aircraft rental, subsistence, customs, shipping and communication
charges etc. Travel costs, mileage and time, in excess to that allowed must have prior approval in
writing.
TO THE EXTENT CONSISTENT WITH STATE AND FEDERAL LAW:
(1) THIS WARRANTY IS STRICTLY LIMITED TO THE TERMS INDICATED HEREIN, AND
NO OTHER WARRANTIES OR REMEDIES SHALL BE BINDING ON RAYMARINE
INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABLE OR
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
(2) Raymarine shall not be liable for any incidental, consequential or special (including punitive or
multiple) damages.
All Raymarine products sold or provided hereunder are merely aids to navigation. It is the
responsibility of the user to exercise discretion and proper navigational skill independent of any
Raymarine equipment.
Document number: 84064-8
April 2001
84064_8.fm Page 2 Monday, April 9, 2001 4:42 PM
Factory Service Centers
United States of America
UK, Europe, Middle East, Far East
Raymarine Inc
22 Cotton Road, Unit D
Nashua, NH 03063-4219, USA
Raymarine Ltd
Anchorage Park, Portsmouth
PO3 5TD, England
Telephone: +1 603 881 5200
Fax: +1 603 864 4756
www.raymarine.com
Telephone: +44 (0)23 9269 3611
Fax: +44 (0)23 9269 4642
www.raymarine.com
Sales & Order Services
Telephone: +1 800 539 5539 Ext. 2333 or
+1 603 881 5200 Ext. 2333
Customer Support
Telephone: +44 (0)23 9271 4713
Fax: +44 (0)23 9266 1228
Technical Support
Telephone: +1 800 539 5539 Ext. 2444 or
+1 603 881 5200 Ext. 2444
Email: techsupport@raymarine.com
Email: techsupport@raymarine.com
Product Repair Center
Telephone: +1 800 539 5539 Ext. 2118
Stick barcode label here
Purchased from
Purchase date
Dealer address
Installed by
Installation date
Commissioned by
Commissioning date
Owner’s name
Mailing address
This portion should be completed and retained by the owner.
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