SANYANG | JOYMAX 250 | Service manual | SANYANG JOYMAX 250 Service manual

GTS 250
JOYMAX 250
SERVICE MANUAL
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This service manual contains the technical data of each component inspection and
repair for the SANYANG LM25W series scooter. The manual is shown with
illustrations and focused on “Service Procedures”, “Operation Key Points”, and
“Inspection Adjustment” so that provides technician with service guidelines.
If the style and construction of the scooter, LM25W series scooter, are different
from that of the photos, pictures shown in this manual, the actual vehicle shall
prevail. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Service Department
SANYANG INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
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Contents
How To Use This Manual
This service manual describes basic information of different system parts and
system inspection & service for SANYANG LM25W series scooter. In addition,
please refer to the manual contents in detailed for the model you serviced in
inspection and adjustment.
The first chapter covers general information and trouble diagnosis.
The second chapter covers service maintenance information and special tools
manual.
The third to the 11th chapters cover engine and driving systems.
The 12th chapter is cooling system.
The 13th to the 16th chapter is contained the parts set of assembly frame body.
The 17th chapter is electrical equipment.
The 18th chapter is wiring diagram.
Please see index of content for quick having the special parts and system
information.
There are 4 buttons, “Forward”, “Contents”, “How to use this manual” and
“Mechanism Illustrations” on the CD-R version, and can be access to these items
by click the mouse.
If user wants to look for the content of each chapter, selecting the words of each
chapter on the contents can reach to each chapter. There are two buttons,
“Homepage and contents, onto the top line of first page of the each chapter. Thus,
if the user needs to check other chapters, he can click the top buttons to back the
homepage or contents. The content of each chapter can be selected too.
Therefore, when needs to checking the content inside of the chapter, click the
content words of the chapter so that can back to the initial section of the content.
In addition, there is a “To this chapter contents” button at the second page of each
contents so that clicking the button can back to the contents of this chapter.
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Page
Content
Index
1-1 ~ 1-16
General Information
1
2-1 ~ 2-18
Service Maintenance Information
2
3-1 ~ 3-8
Lubrication System
3
4-1 ~ 4-14
Fuel System
4
5-1 ~ 5-10
Engine Removal
5
6-1 ~ 6-16
Cylinder Head / Valve
6
7-1 ~ 7-8
Cylinder / Piston
7
8-1 ~ 8-14
“V” Type Belt Driving System / Kick-Starter
8
9-1 ~ 9-8
Final Driving Mechanism
9
10-1 ~ 10-10
Alternator
10
11-1 ~ 11-8
Crankshaft / Crankcase
11
12-1 ~ 12-14
Cooling System
12
13-1 ~ 13-14
Body Cover
13
14-1 ~ 14-12
Front Brake / Front Wheel
14
15-1 ~ 15-10
Steering / Front Cushion
15
16-1 ~ 16-6
Rear Brake / Rear Wheel / Rear Cushion
16
17-1 ~ 17-24
Electrical Equipment
17
18-1 ~ 18-10
Emission Control System
18
19-1 ~ 19-2
Electrical Diagram
19
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Contents
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Contents
1. General Information
Symbols and Marks····························1-1
Torque Values ···································· 1-10
General Safety ····································1-2
Troubles Diagnosis···························· 1-12
Service Precautions ···························1-3
Lubrication Points ····························· 1-16
Specifications ·····································1-9
Symbols and Marks
Symbols and marks are used in this manual to indicate what and where the special service are needed, in
case supplemental information is procedures needed for these symbols and marks, explanations will be
added to the text instead of using the symbols or marks.
Warning
Caution
Means that serious injury or even death may result if procedures are not
followed.
Means that equipment damages may result if procedures are not followed.
Limits to use SAE 10W-30 API SG class oil. Warranty will not cover the
Engine oil
damage that caused by not apply with the limited engine oil.
(Recommended oil: KING MATE G-3 oil)
Grease
King Mate G-3 is recommended.
King Mate gear oil serials are recommended. (Bramax HYPOID GEAR OIL
Gear oil
Locking sealant
# 140)
Apply sealant; medium strength sealant should be used unless otherwise
specified.
Oil seal
Apply with lubricant.。
Renew
Replace with a new part before installation.
Brake fluid
Use recommended brake fluid DOT3 or WELLRUN brake fluid.
Special tools
Special tools
Correct
Meaning correct installation.
Wrong
Meaning wrong installation.
Indication
Indication of components.
Directions
Indicates position and operation directions
Components assembly directions each other.
Indicates where the bolt installation direction, --- means that bolt cross
through the component (invisibility).
1-1
1
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
General Safety
Carbon monoxide
If you must run your engine, ensure the place is
well ventilated. Never run your engine in a closed
area. Run your engine in an open area, if you
have to run your engine in a closed area, be sure
to use an extractor.
Caution
Exhaust contains toxic gas which may cause one
to lose consciousness and even result in death.
Gasoline
Gasoline is a low ignition point and explosive
material. Work in a well-ventilated place, no flame
or spark should be allowed in the work place or
where gasoline is being stored.
Caution
Gasoline is highly flammable, and may explode
under some conditions, keep it away from
children.
Used engine oil
Caution
Prolonged contact with used engine oil (or
transmission oil) may cause skin cancer although
it might not be verified.
We recommend that you wash your hands with
soap and water right after contacting. Keep the
used oil beyond reach of children.
Hot components
Caution
Components of the engine and exhaust system
can become extremely hot after engine running.
They remain very hot even after the engine has
been stopped for some time. When performing
service work on these parts, wear insulated
gloves and wait until cooling off.
1-2
Battery
Caution
• Battery emits explosive gases; flame is strictly
prohibited. Keeps the place well ventilated
when charging the battery.
• Battery contains sulfuric acid (electrolyte)
which can cause serious burns so be careful
do not be spray on your eyes or skin. If you
get battery acid on your skin, flush it off
immediately with water. If you get battery acid
in your eyes, flush it off immediately with
water and then go to hospital to see an
ophthalmologist.
• If you swallow it by mistake, drink a lot of
water or milk, and take some laxative such as
castor oil or vegetable oil and then go to see a
doctor.
• Keep electrolyte beyond reach of children.
Brake shoe
Do not use an air hose or a dry brush to clean
components of the brake system; use a vacuum
cleaner or the equivalent to avoid dust flying.
Caution
Inhaling brake shoe or pad ash may cause
disorders and cancer of the breathing system
Brake fluid
Caution
Spilling brake fluid on painted, plastic, or rubber
parts may cause damage to the parts. Place a
clean towel on the above-mentioned parts for
protection when servicing the brake system.
Keep the brake fluid beyond reach of children.
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
Service Precautions
y Always use with SANYANG genuine parts and
recommended oils. Using non-designed parts
for SANYANG ATV may damage the ATV.
y Special tools are designed for remove and
install of components without damaging the
parts being worked on. Using wrong tools may
result in parts damaged.
y When servicing this ATV, use only metric tools.
Metric bolts, nuts, and screws are not
interchangeable with the English system, using
wrong tools and fasteners may damage this
vehicle.
y Clean the outside of the parts or the cover
before removing it from the ATV. Otherwise, dirt
and deposit accumulated on the part's surface
may fall into the engine, chassis, or brake
system to cause damage.
y Wash and clean parts with high ignition point
solvent, and blow dry with compressed air. Pay
special attention to O-rings or oil seals because
most cleaning agents have an adverse effect on
them.
y Never bend or twist a control cable to prevent
unsmooth control and premature worn out.
y Rubber parts may become deteriorated when
old, and prone to be damaged by solvent and oil.
Check these parts before installation to make
sure that they are in good condition, replace if
necessary.
y When loosening a component which has
different sized fasteners, operate with a
diagonal pattern and work from inside out.
Loosen the small fasteners first. If the bigger
ones are loosen first, small fasteners may
receive too much stress.
y Store complex components such as
transmission parts in the proper assemble order
and tie them together with a wire for ease of
installation later.
y Note the reassemble position of the important
components before disassembling them to
ensure they will be reassembled in correct
dimensions (depth, distance or position).
y Components not to be reused should be
replaced when disassembled including gaskets
metal seal rings, O-rings, oil seals, snap rings,
and split pins.
1-3
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
y The length of bolts and screws for assemblies,
cover plates or boxes is different from one
another, be sure they are correctly installed. In
case of confusion, Insert the bolt into the hole to
compare its length with other bolts, if its length
out side the hole is the same with other bolts, it
is a correct bolt. Bolts for the same assembly
should have the same length.
y Remove residues of the old gasket or sealant
before reinstallation, grind with a grindstone if
the contact surface has any damage.
y The ends of rubber hoses (for fuel, vacuum, or
coolant) should be pushed as far as they can go
to their connections so that there is enough
room below the enlarged ends for tightening the
clamps.
Groove
y Tighten assemblies with different dimension
fasteners as follows: Tighten all the fasteners
with fingers, then tighten the big ones with
special tool first diagonally from inside toward
outside, important components should be
tightened 2 to 3 times with appropriate
increments to avoid warp unless otherwise
indicated. Bolts and fasteners should be kept
clean and dry. Do not apply oil to the threads.
Clamp
Connector
y Rubber and plastic boots should be properly
reinstalled to the original correct positions as
designed.
Boots
y When oil seal is installed, fill the groove with
grease, install the oil seal with the name of the
manufacturer facing outside, and check the
shaft on which the oil seal is to be installed for
smoothness and for burrs that may damage the
oil seal.
y The tool should be pressed against two (inner
and outer) bearing races when removing a ball
bearing. Damage may result if the tool is
pressed against only one race (either inner race
or outer race). In this case, the bearing should
be replaced. To avoid damaging the bearing,
use equal force on both races.
Manufacturer's name
Both of these examples can result in
bearing damage.
1-4
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
y Lubricate the rotation face with specified
lubricant on the lubrication points before
assembling.
y After service completed, make sure all
connection points is secured.
Battery positive (+) cable should be connected
firstly.
y And the two posts of battery have to be greased
after connected the cables.
y Check if positions and operation for installed
parts is in correct and properly.
y Make sure service safety each other when
conducting by two persons.
y Make sure that the battery post caps are
located in properly after the battery posts had
been serviced.
y If fuse burned, it has to find out the cause and
solved it. And then replace with specified
capacity fuse.
y Note that do not let parts fall down.
Capacity
verification
y Before battery removal operation, it has to
remove the battery negative (-) cable firstly.
Notre tools like open-end wrench do not contact
with body to prevent from circuit short and
create spark.
1-5
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
y
When separating a connector, it locker has to
be unlocked firstly. Then, conduct the service
operation.
y
Do not pull the wires as removing a connector
or wires. Hold the connector body.
y Insert the terminal completely.
Check if the terminal is covered by the boot.
Do not let boot open facing up.
y Secure wires and wire harnesses to the frame
with respective wire bands at the designated
locations. Tighten the bands so that only the
insulated surfaces contact the wires or wire
harnesses.
y Make sure if the connector pins are bent,
extruded or loosen.
y Wire band and wire harness have to be
clamped secured properly.
y Insert the connector completely.
If there are two lockers on two connector sides,
make sure the lockers are locked in properly.
Check if any wire loose.
y Do not squeeze wires against the weld or its
clamp.
y Check if the connector is covered by the twin
connector boot completely and secured
properly.
y Before terminal connection, check if the boot is
crack or the terminal is loose.
1-6
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
y Do not let the wire harness contact with rotating,
moving or vibrating components as routing the
harness.
y Protect wires or wire harnesses with electrical
tape or tube if they contact a sharp edge or
corner. Thoroughly clean the surface where
tape is to be applied.
y Keep wire harnesses far away from the hot
parts.
y Secure the rubber boot firmly as applying it on
wire harness.
Never Touch
y Route wire harnesses to avoid sharp edges or
corners and also avoid the projected ends of
bolts and screws.
y Never use wires or harnesses which insulation
has been broken. Wrap electrical tape around
the damaged parts or replace them.
y Route harnesses so that they neither pull too
tight nor have excessive slack.
y Never clamp or squeeze the wire harness as
installing other components.
Never clamp or
squeeze the wire
harness
Never too tight
1-7
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
y Do not let the wire harness been twisted as
installation.
y With sand paper to clean rust on connector
pins/terminals if found. And then conduct
connection operation later.
Clean rust
y Wire harnesses routed along the handlebar
should not be pulled too tight or have excessive
slack, be rubbed against or interfere with
adjacent or surrounding parts in all steering
positions.
y Before operating a test instrument, operator
should read the operation manual of the
instrument. And then, conduct test in
accordance with the instruction.
Do you know how to set the
instrument to its
measurement position and
the insert locations of its
two probes?
1-8
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
Specifications
Dimension
MAKER
SANYANG
Overall Length
2165 mm
Overall Width
870 mm
Overall Height
1380 mm
Wheel Base
1495 mm
Front
Weight
Curb
Weight
Total
Weight
Suspension
System
Tire
Specifications
69 kg
Rear
104 kg
Total
173 kg
Passengers/Weight
MODEL
Two / 110 kg
Front
91 kg
Rear
192 kg
Total
283 kg
Performance
TELESCOPE
Rear
UNlT SWING
Front
110 / 90-13 56P
Rear
130 / 70-13 57P
Front
DISK (ø 240 mm)
Rear
DISK (ø 220 mm)
Max. Speed
Above 115 km/hr
Climb Ability
Below 24°
Primary
Reduction
Secondary
Reduction
Belt
Gear
Type
4-STROKE ENGINE
Clutch
Centrifugal, dry type
Installation and
arrangement
Vertical, below center,
incline 80°
Transmission
C.V.T., auto speed
change
Fuel Used
Above 92 unleaded
Speedometer
0 ~ 160 km/hr
Cycle/Cooling
4-stroke/ forced air
cooled
Horn
80~112 dB/A
Bore
71 mm
Muffler
Stroke
63 mm
Exhaust Pipe Position and
Direction
Number/Arrange
ment
SINGLE CYLINDER
Lubrication System
Expansion & Pulse
Type
Right side, and
Backward
Forced circulation &
splashing
Displacement
249.4 cc
Compression Ratio
10.5 : 1
Exhaust
Concentratio
n
Cylinder
Front
Brake System
Reduction
Engine
LM25W
Solid Particulate
-
CO
Below 7.0 g/km
HC+Nox
Below 2.0 g/km
Max. HP
15.4kw / 7500 rpm
Max. Torque
21.6 Nm / 6500 rpm
E.E.C.
√
Ignition
Full transistor ignition
P.C.V.
√
Starting System
Electrical starter
Catalytic reaction control
system
√
1-9
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
Torque Values
The torque values listed in above table are for more important tighten torque values. Please see standard
values for not listed in the table.
Standard Torque Values for Reference
Type
5 mm bolt、nut
6 mm bolt、nut
8 mm bolt、nut
10 mm bolt、nut
12 mm bolt、nut
Tighten Torque
Type
0.45~0.6kgf-m
0.8~1.2kgf-m
1.8~2.5kgf-m
3.0~4.0kgf-m
5.0~6.0kgf-m
Tighten Torque
5 mm screw
6 mm screw、SH nut
6 mm bolt、nut
8 mm bolt、nut
10 mm bolt、nut
0.35~0.5kgf-m
0.7~ 1.1kgf-m
1.0 ~1.4kgf-m
2.4 ~3.0kgf-m
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Engine Torque Values
Item
Q’ty Thread Dia. (mm) Torque Value(kgf-m)
Cylinder stud bolt
Cylinder head nut
Cylinder head right bolt
Cylinder head side cover bolt
Cylinder head cover bolt
Cylinder head stud bolt (inlet pipe)
Cylinder head stud bolt (EX. pipe)
Air inject pipe bolt
Air inject reed valve bolt
Tappet adjustment screw nut
Spark plug
Tensioner lifter bolt
Carburetor insulator bolt
Oil pump screw
Water pump impeller
Engine left cover bolt
Engine oil draining bolt
Engine oil strainer cap
Mission draining bolt
Mission filling bolt
Clutch driving plate nut
Clutch outer nut
Drive face nut
ACG. Flywheel nut
Crankcase bolt
Mission case bolt
4
4
2
2
4
2
2
4
2
4
1
2
2
2
1
9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7
7
10
8
8
6
6
6
8
6
3
5
10
6
6
3
7
6
12
30
8
10
28
14
14
14
6
8
1.0~1.4
3.6~4.0
2.0~2.4
1.0~1.4
1.0~1.4
1.0~1.4
2.4~3.0
1.0~1.4
0.07~0.09
0.7~1.1
1.0~1.2
1.0~1.4
0.7~1.1
0.1~0.3
1.0~1.4
1.1~1.5
3.5~4.5
1.3~1.7
0.8~1.2
1.0~1.4
5.0~6.0
5.0~6.0
8.5~10.5
5.0~6.0
0.8~1.2
2.6~3.0
Muffler mounting bolt
Muffler mounting nut
3
2
10
8
3.2 ~3.8
1.0 ~1.2
1-10
Remarks
Apply oil to thread
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
Frame Torque Values
Item
Mounting bolt for steering handle
post
Lock nut for steering stem
Q’ty Thread Dia. (mm) Torque Value (Kg-m)
Remarks
1
10
4.0~5.0
1
BC1
1.0~2.0
Steering top cone race
1
BC1
2.0~3.0
Front wheel axle nut
1
12
5.0~7.0
Rear wheel axle nut
1
16
11.0~13.0
Front cushion mounting bolt
4
10
3.5~4.5
Rear cushion upper connection bolt
1
10
3.5~4.5
Rear cushion under connection bolt
1
8
2.4~3.0
Rear fork mounting bolt
2
10
4.0~5.0
Brake hose bolt
2
10
3.0~4.0
Brake air-bleeding valve
1
6
0.8~1.0
Front brake disc mounting bolt
5
8
4.0~4.5
Rear brake disc mounting bolt
5
8
4.0~4.5
Brake clipper mounting bolt
2
8
2.9~3.5
Engine hanger link bolt
2
12
7.5~9.5
On frame side
Engine hanger link nut
1
12
7.5~9.5
On engine side
Main standard nut
1
10
4.0~5.0
Air cleaner bolts
2
6
1.0~1.4
1-11
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
Troubles Diagnosis
A. Engine hard to start or can not be started
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Loosen carburetor drain bolt
to check if there is gasoline
inside the carburetor
Fuel supplied tom
carburetor sufficient
No fuel is supplied to
carburetor
Remove spark plug, install it
into spark plug cap, and
perform a spark test against
engine ground.
Check if sparks
Weak sparks, no spark
at all
Perform cylinder
compression pressure test.
Cylinder compression
pressure normal
Low compression
pressure or no pressure
Probable causes
1. No fuel in fuel tank
2. Check if the pipes, fuel tank to carburetor
and intake vacuum, are clogged.
3. Float valve clogged
4. Lines in fuel tank evaporation system
clogged
5. Malfunction of fuel pump
6. Loosen or damaged fuel pump vacuum
hose
7. Fuel filter clogged
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Malfunction of spark plug
Spark plug foul
Malfunction of CDI set
Malfunction of AC generator
Ignition coil is in open or short circuit
Ignition coil leads open or short circuit
Malfunction of main switch
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Piston ring seized
Malfunction of cylinder valves
Worn cylinder and piston ring
Cylinder gasket leak
Sand hole in compression parts
Re-start by following the
starting procedures
No ignition
There are some signs of
ignition, nut engine can
not be started
1. Malfunction of throttle valve operation
2. Air sucked into intake manifold
3. Incorrect ignition timing
Remove the spark plug again
and check it.
Dry spark plug
Wet spark plug
1.
2.
3.
Fuel level in carburetor too high
Malfunction of throttle valve operation
Throttle valve opening too wide
Blowing clogged
1. Malfunction of automatic by- starter
Remove carburetor after 30
minutes and connect a hose
onto fuel rich circuit. Then
blow the hose with air
Blowing in normal
1-12
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
B. Engine run sluggish (Speed does not pick up, lack of power)
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Probable causes
Try gradual acceleration and
check engine speed
Engine speed can be
increased.
Engine speed can not be
increased.
Check ignition timing
(Using ignition lamp)
Ignition timing correct
Incorrect ignition timing
1. Air cleaner clogged
1. Poor fuel supply
2. Lines in fuel tank evaporation system
clogged
3. Exhaust pipe clogged
4. Fuel level too low in carburetor
5. Fuel nozzle clogged in carburetor.
1. Malfunction of CDI
2. Malfunction of AC alternator
Check cylinder compression
pressure (using compression
pressure gauge)
Compression pressure
correct
No compression pressure
1. Cylinder & piston ring worn out
2. Cylinder gasket leaked
3. Sand hole in compression parts
4. Valve deterioration
5. Seized piston ring
Check if carburetor jet is
clogged
No clogged
Clogged
1. Remove foreign
Remove spark plug
No foul or discoloration
Fouled and discoloration
1. Remove dirt
2. Incorrect spark plug heat range
Check if engine over heat
Normal
Engine overheat
Continually drive in
acceleration or high speed
No knock
Knock
1. Piston and cylinder worn out
2. Lean mixture
3. Poor fuel quality
4. Too much carbon deposited in
combustion chamber
5. Ignition timing too advanced
6. Poor circuit on the cooling system
1. Too much carbon deposited in
combustion chamber
2. Lean mixture
3. Poor fuel quality
4. Ignition timing too advanced
1-13
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
C. Engine runs sluggish (especially in low speed and idling)
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Probable causes
Check ignition timing
(Using ignition lamp)
Normal
Abnormal
1. Incorrect ignition timing (malfunction
of CDI or AC alternator)
Adjust the air screw of
carburetor
Good
Poor
1. Rich mixture (loosen the screw)
2. Lean mixture (tighten the screw)
Air sucked through
carburetor gasket
No air sucked
Air sucked
1. Poor heat insulation gasket
2. Carburetor lock loose
3. Poor intake gasket
4. Poor carburetor O-ring
5. Vacuum hose crack
Remove spark plug, install
spark plug into spark plug
cap and perform spark test
against engine ground
Good spark
Poor
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Spark plug fouled
Malfunction of CDI
Malfunction of AC generator
Malfunction of ignition coil
Open or short circuit in spark plug
leads
6. Malfunction of main switch
D. Engine runs sluggish (High speed)
Check and adjustment
Fault condition
Probable causes
Check ignition timing
Normal
Abnormal
1. Malfunction of CDI
2. Malfunction of AC alternator
Check for fuel supplying
system in automatic fuel cup
Good
Poor
1. Insufficient fuel in fuel tank
2. Fuel filter clogged
3. Restricted fuel tank vent
Check if carburetor clogged
No clogged
1-14
Clogged
1. Cleaning
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
E. Clutch, Driving And Driving Pulley
FAULT CONDITIONS
Engine can be started but
motorcycle can not be moved.
Engine running and misfire as
motorcycle initial forward moving or
jumping suddenly (rear wheel
rotating as engine in running)
Poor initial driving
(Poor climbing performance)
PROBABLE CAUSES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Driving belt worn out or deformation
Driving disk damaged
Driving pulley spring broken
Clutch ling broken
Driving slide-shaft gear groove broken
Transmission gear damaged
1. Clutch ling spring broken
2. Clutch outer cover stickled with clutch balance
weights
3. Connection parts in clutch and shaft worn out or
burned
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Driving belt worn out or deformation
Balance weight roller worn out
Driving sliding gear shaft worn out
Driving disk spring deformation
Driving sliding gear shaft worn out
Greased in driving belt and sliding gear.
1-15
To this chapter contents
1. General Information
Lubrication Points
Acceleration cable/
Front & rear brake lever pivot
Seat locker
Steering shaft bearing
Speedometer gear/
front wheel bearing
1-16
Side stand shaft
Main stand shaft
Clutch bearing
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Contents
2. Maintenance Information
Precautions in Operation······················ 2-1
Cylinder Compression Pressure ·······2-9
Periodical Maintenance Schedule ······· 2-2
Drive Belt·············································2-9
Engine Oil ·············································· 2-3
Steering Handle Top Bearing ············2-10
Engine Oil Strainer Clean ····················· 2-3
Cushion ···············································2-10
Gear Oil ·················································· 2-4
Disk Brake System ·····························2-11
Fuel Lines / Cable·································· 2-4
Air Cleaner ············································· 2-5
Brake Light Switch/Starting Inhibitor
Switch··················································2-13
P.C.V. system ········································ 2-6
Headlight Beam Distance ··················2-13
Valve Clearance····································· 2-6
Wheel / Tire ·········································2-13
Carburetor Idle Speed Adjustment ······ 2-7
Battery ·················································2-14
Ignition System ····································· 2-8
Nuts, Bolts Tightness·························2-14
Spark Plug ············································· 2-8
Special Tools List ·······························2-15
Precautions in Operation
Model
Fuel Tank Capacity
Engine Oil
Transmission
Gear oil
LM25W
12,000 c.c.
capacity
1,400 c.c.
change
1,200 c.c.
capacity
180 c.c.
change
170 c.c.
Capacity of
coolant
Engine + radiator
850 c.c.
Reservoir upper
420 c.c.
Clearance of throttle valve
Spark plug
2~6 mm
CR7HSA (gap:0.6~0.7 mm)
〝F〞Mark in idling speed
BTDC 10º / 2,500 rpm
Full timing advanced
BTDC 30º at 6,000 rpm
Idling speed
1,500±100 rpm
Cylinder compression pressure
12 ± 2 Kg/cm²
IN
0.1±0.02 mm
EX
0.15±0.02 mm
Tire dimension
Front
110/90-13 56P
Tire dimension
Rear
130/70-13 57P
Tire pressure
(cold)
single
Front: 1.5 Kg/cm²
Rear: 2.25 Kg/cm²
Load 90 Kg (full load)
Front: 1.5 Kg/cm²
Rear: 2.5 Kg/cm²
Valve clearance
Battery
12V10Ah (MF battery)
2-1
2
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Periodical Maintenance Schedule
No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
item
☆Air cleaner
☆2nd air jet leaner
☆Fuel filter
☆Oil filter
☆Engine oil change
Tire pressure
Battery inspection
Brake & free ply check
Steering handle check
Cushion operation check
Every screw tightening check
Gear oil check for leaking
☆Spark plug check or change
☆Gear oil change
Frame lubrication
Exhaust pipe
☆Ignition timing
☆emission check in Idling
☆Throttle operation
☆Engine bolt tightening
☆CVT driving device(belt﹞
☆CVT driving device(roller)
Lights/electrical equipment/multi-meters
Main/side stands & springs
Fuel lines
Shock absorbers
Cam chain
☆Valve clearance
☆Crankcase evaporative control system
☆Crankcase blow-by over-flow pipe
☆2nd air jet system
☆Evaporative control system
Lines & connections in cooling system
Coolant reservoir
Coolant
Every
300KM
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1 Month 3 month
every
every
1,000KM 3,000KM
C
C
6 month
1 year
every
every
6,000KM 12,000KM
C
R
C
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C
C
Replacement for every 1,000 km
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R
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Replacement for every 5,000 km
L
L
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Replacement for every 2,000 km
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Replacement for every 1 year
Code: I ~ Inspection, cleaning, and adjustment R ~ Replacement C ~ Cleaning (replaced if necessary) L ~ Lubrication
Have your motorcycle checked, adjusted, and recorded maintenance data periodically by your SYM Authorized Dealer to
maintain the motorcycle at the optimum condition
The above maintenance schedule is established by taking the monthly 1,000 kilometers as a reference which ever comes first.
Remarks: 1. These marks “☆” in the schedule are emission control items. According to EPA regulations, these items must be
performed normally periodical maintenance following the use r manual instructions. They are prohibited to be
adjusted or repaired by unauthorized people. Otherwise, SYM is no responsible for the charge.
2. Clean or replace the air cleaner element more often when the motorcycle is operated on dusty roads or in the
Heavily- polluted environment.
3. Maintenance should be performed more often if the motorcycle is frequently operated in high speed and after the
motorcycle has accumulated a higher mileage.
4. Preventive maintenance
a. Ignition system-Perform maintenance and check when continuous abnormal ignition, misfire, after-burn, overheating occur.
b. Carbon deposit removal-Remove carbon deposits in cylinder head, piston heads, exhaust system when power is obvious
lower. Than ever
c. Replace worn out pistons, cylinder head.
2-2
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Engine Oil
Turn off engine, and park the motorcycle in flat
surface with main stand.
Check oil level with oil dipstick
So not screw the dipstick into engine as checking.
If oil level is nearly low level, fill out recommended
oil to upper level.
Oil Change
Caution
● Drain oil as engine warmed up so that make
sure oil can be drained smoothly and
completely.
Place an oil pan under the motorcycle, and
remove oil drain bolt.
After drained, make sure washer can be re-used.
Install oil drain bolt.
Torque value: 3.5~4.5kgf-m
Add oil to crankcase (oil viscosity SAE 10W-30)
Recommended using King serial oil.
Engine oil capacity:
Disassembly 1400c.c.
Replacement 1200c.c.
Install dipstick, start the engine for running several
minutes.
Turn off engine, and check oil level again.
Check if engine oil leaks.
Engine Oil Strainer Clean
Drain engine oil out.
Remove oil strainer and spring.
Clean oil strainer.
Check if O-ring can be re-used.
Install oil strainer and spring.
Install oil strainer cap.
Torque value:1.3~1.7kgf-m
2-3
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Gear Oil
Oil inspection bolt
Oil level inspection
Park the motorcycle on flat surface with main
stand.
Turn off the engine.
Gear Oil Change
Remove oil inspection bolt.
Remove drain plug and drain oil out.
Install the drain plug after drained.
Torque value: 0.8~1.2kgf-m
Add gear oil to specified quantity from the
inspection hole.
Install the inspection bolt.
Torque value: 1.0~1.4kgf-m
Gear Oil Quantity: 170 c.c. when replacing
Make sure that the bolt washer can be re-used,
and install the bolt.
Start engine and run engine for 2-3 minutes.
Turn off engine and make sure that oil level is in
correct level.
Make sure that no oil leaking.
Drain plug
Fuel Lines / Cable
Remove luggage box.
Remove rear carrier.
Remove body covers.
Check all lines, and replace it when they are
deterioration, damage or leaking.
2~6 mm
Warning
y Gasoline is a low ignition material so any kind
of fire is strictly prohibited as dealing it.
Acceleration Operation
Have a wide open of throttle valve as handle bar in
any position and release it to let back original (full
closed) position.
Check handle bar if its operation is smooth.
Check acceleration cable and replace it if
deteriorated, twisted or damaged.
Lubricate the cable if operation is not smooth
Measure handle bar free play in its flange part.
Free play: 2~6 mm.
Rubber
Adjustment can be done in either end.
Secondary adjustment is conducted from top side.
Remove rubber boot, loosen fixing nut, and then
adjust it by turning the adjustment nut.
Adjustment nut
2-4
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Primary adjustment is conducted from bottom
side.
Loosen fixing nut, and adjust by turning the
adjustment nut.
Tighten the fixing nut, and check acceleration
operation condition.
Adjustment nut
Air Cleaner
Air Cleaner Element
Remove 8 screws from the air cleaner cover and
then remove the cover.
8 screws
Remove the body cover.
Loosen bolt from the air cleaner air hose.
Remove 6 screws, and then remove the air
cleaner element.
Bolt
6 screws
Caution
y The air cleaner element is made of paper so
do not soap it into water or wash it with
water.
2-5
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
P.C.V. system
Draws out the plug from lower of the breather
chamber hose.
Releases the dry internal deposit.
Every 2,000 kilometers release oil
Caution
A In releases the anal fistula in the transparent
section as worthy of looking at as any deposit
y In the multi- rain or the accelerator in the
situation rides, must reduce the maintenance
traveling schedule
y In releases the anal fistula in the transparent
section as worthy of looking at as any deposit
Breather chamber hose
Timing mark
Valve Clearance
Caution
●
Checks and adjustment must be performed
when the engine temperature is below 35℃.
Remove luggage box.
Remove cylinder head cover & side cover.
Remove ignition timing hole cap located in front
upper side of engine right cover
Turn camshaft bolt in C.W. direction and let the “T”
mark on the camshaft sprocket aligns with cylinder
head mark so that piston is placed at TDC position
in compression stroke.
Caution
z
Do not turn the bolt in C.C.W. direction to
prevent from camshaft bolt looseness.
Valve clearance inspection and adjustment:
Check & adjust valve clearance with feeler gauge.
Valve clearance (IN):0.1±0.02 mm.
Valve clearance (EX):0.15±0.02 mm.
Loosen fixing nut and turn the adjustment nut for
adjustment.
Caution
z
Re-check the valve clearance after tightened
the fixing nut.
Special tool: Tappet adjuster
SYM-9001200-08
SYM-9001200-09
SYM-9001200-10
Special tool: Tappet adjuster wrench
SYM-9001200
2-6
2 bolts
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Carburetor Idle Speed Adjustment
Ignition coil cable
Caution
●
●
Inspection & adjustment for idle speed have
to be performed after all parts in engine that
needed adjustment have been adjusted.
Idle speed check and adjustment have to be
done after engine is being warm up. (It is
enough that operates engine from stop to
running for 10 minutes.)
Park the motorcycle with main stand and warm up
engine.
Connect tachometer (the wire clamp of tachometer
is connected to the high tension cable).
Open carburetor cover from the luggage box.
Turn the throttle valve stopper screw to specified
idle speed
Specified idle speed:1500±100 rpm。
Emission adjustment in idle speed
Warm up the engine for around 10 minutes and
then conduct this adjustment.
Connect the tachometer onto engine.
Adjust the throttle valve stopper screw and let
engine runs in 1500±100 rpm.
Insert the exhaust sampling pipe of exhaust
analyzer into the front section of exhaust pipe.
Adjust the air adjustment screw so that emission
value in idle speed is within standard.
Slightly accelerate the throttle valve and release it
immediately. Repeat this for 2~3 times.
Read engine RPM and value on the exhaust
analyzer. Repeat step 2 to step 4 procedures
until measured value within standard.
Emission standardCO: 3. 0 %↓
HC: 2,000 P.P.M.↓
Throttle valve stopper screw
Mixture air adjusting screw
2-7
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Ignition System
Caution
●
●
C.D.I ignition system is set by manufacturer
so it can not be adjusted.
Ignition timing check procedure is for
checking whether CDI function is in normal or
not.
Remove right side cover.
Remove ignition timing hole cap located in front
upper side of engine right cover.
Connect tachometer and ignition lamp.
Start engine.
As engine in idle speed: 2,500 rpm, aim at the “F”
mark with the ignition lamp. Then, it is means
that ignition timing is correct.
Increase engine speed to 6,000 rpm to check
ignition advance degree. If indent is located within
the ignition advance degrees, it is means that the
ignition advance degree is in normal.
If ignition timing is incorrect, check CDI set, pulse
rotor and pulse generator. Replace it if
malfunction of these parts is found.
Spark Plug
Recommended spark plug: CR8E
Remove luggage box
Remove central cover.
Remove spark plug cap.
Clean dirt around the spark plug hole.
Remove spark plug.
Measure spark plug gap.
Spark plug gap: 0.6~0.7 mm
Carefully bend ground electrode of the plug to
adjust the gap if necessary.
Hold spark plug washer and install the spark plug
by screwing it.
Tighten the plug by turning 1/2 turn more with plug
socket after installed.
Tighten torque: 1.0~1.2kgf-m
Connect spark plug cap
Spark plug
Ground electrode
Central electrode
0.6~0.7mm
2-8
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Cylinder Compression Pressure
Warm up engine.
Turn off the engine.
Remove luggage box and central cover
Remove spark plug cap and spark plug.
Install compression gauge.
Full open the throttle valve, and rotate the engine
by means of starter motor.
Caution
Rotate the engine until the reading in the gauge
no more increasing.
y Usually, the highest pressure reading will be
obtained in 4~7 seconds.
Spark plug cap
Compression pressure:12±2 Kg/cm²
Check following items if the pressure is too low:
y Incorrect valve clearance.
y Valve leaking.
y Cylinder head leaking, piston, piston ring and
cylinder worn out.
If the pressure is too high, it means carbon
deposits in combustion chamber or piston head.
Compression gauge
Drive Belt
Remove mounting bolt located under air cleaner.
Remove the engine left side cover and the cover.
Check if the belt is crack or worn out.
Replace the belt if necessary or in accord with the
periodical maintenance schedule to replace it.
Width limit: 22.5 mm or above
Clutch Disc Wear
Run the motorcycle and increase throttle valve
opening gradually to check clutch operation.
If the motorcycle is in forward moving and shaking,
check clutch disc condition. Replace it
Teeth
Width
Clutch lining
Clutch weight
2-9
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Steering Handle Top Bearing
Caution
●
Check all wires and cables if they are
interfered with the rotation of steering handle
bar.
Lift the front wheel out of ground.
Turn handle from right to left alternative and check
if turning is smoothly.
If handle turning is uneven and bending, or the
handle can be operated in vertical direction, then
adjust the handle top bearing.
Cushion
Caution
y Do not ride the motorcycle with poor cushion.
y Looseness, wear or damage cushion will
make poor stability and drive-ability.
Front cushion
Press down the front cushion for several times to
check it operation.
Check if it is damage
Replace relative parts if damage found.
Tighten all nuts and bolts.
Rear Cushion
Press down the front cushion for several times to
check it operation.
Check if it is damage
Replace relative parts if damage found.
Park motorcycle with main stand.
Turn the rear wheel forcefully and check if engine
bracket bushing worn out
Replace the bushing if looseness found.
Tighten all nuts and bolts.
2-10
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Disk Brake System
Brake System Hose
Make sure the brake hoses for corrosion or
leaking oil.
Brake Fluid
Check brake fluid level in the brake fluid reservoir.
If the level is lower than the LOWER limit, add
brake fluid to UPPER limit. Also check brake
system for leaking if low brake level found
Caution
y In order to maintain brake fluid in the reservoir
in horizontal position, do not remove the cap
until handle stop.
y Do not operate the brake lever after the cap
had been removed. Otherwise, the brake
fluid will spread out if operated the lever.
y Do not mix non-compatible brake fluid
together.
Filling Out Brake Fluid
Tighten the drain valve, and add brake fluid.
Operate the brake lever so that brake fluid
contents inside the brake system hoses.
Master cylinder cap
Added Brake Fluid
Diaphragm
Add brake fluid to UPPER limit lever.
Recommended brake fluid: DOT3 or DOT4 WELL
RUN brake fluid.
LOWER
Brake
Fluid
Caution
Never mix or use dirty brake fluid to prevent from
damage brake system or reducing brake
performance.
Air Bleed Operation
Connect a transparent hose to draining valve.
Hold the brake lever and open air bleeding valve.
Perform this operation alternative until there is no
air inside the brake system hoses.
Air bubble
Drain valve
Caution
Before closing the air bleed valve, do not release
the brake lever.
Transparent hose
2-11
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Brake Lining Wear
Lining
The indent mark on brake lining is the wear
limitation.
Replace the brake lining if the wear limit mark
closed to the edge of brake disc.
Caution
It is not necessary to remove brake hose when
replacing the brake lining.
Brake disk
Brake caliper
Remove the brake clipper bolt, and take out the
clipper.
2 bolts
Caution
Do not operate the brake lever after the clipper
removed to avoid clipping the brake lining.
Pry out the brake lining with a flat driver if lining is
clipped.
Remove 2 cotter pins
Caution
●
In order to maintain brake power balance, the
brake lining must be replaced with one set.
Remove the brake pad shafts and pads.
2-12
Cotter pins
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Brake Light Switch/Starting Inhibitor
Switch
Stop switch
The brake lamp switch is to light up brake lamp as
brake applied.
Make sure that electrical starter can be operated
only under brake applying.
Headlight Beam Distance
Turn on main switch
Headlight beam adjustment. Turn the headlight
adjustment screw to adjust headlight beam high.
Caution
y To adjust the headlight beam follows related
regulations.
y Improper headlight beam adjustment will make
in coming driver dazzled or insufficient
lighting.
Headlight beam adjustment screws
Wheel / Tire
Caution
●
Tire pressure check should be done as cold
engine.。
Appointed tire pressure
Tire size
Load for
Tire pressure as
under 90 Kg
cold engine
(Kg/cm²)
Full loaded
Front tire Rear tire
1.75
2.25
1.75
2.50
Check if tire surface is ticked with nails, stones or
other materials.
Check if front and rear tires’ pressure is in normal.
Measure tire thread depth from tire central
surface.
Replace the tire if the depth is not come with
following specification
Front tire:1.5 mm
Rear tire:2.0 mm
2-13
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Battery
Open the inner box lid.
Loosen screw & remove the battery cover
Battery cable remove:
1. Disconnect the cable negative terminal (-),
2. then the cable positive terminal (+)
3. Remove the battery from the motorcycle.。
If there is some rust on battery posts, clean it with
steel brush
Install the battery in the reverse procedures of
removal
Caution
y If there is rust on the posts very serious,
spray some hot water on the posts. Then,
clean it with steel brush so that can remove
rust for more easily.
y Apply some grease on the posts after rust
removed to prevent from rust again.
Nuts, Bolts Tightness
Perform periodical maintenance in accord with the
Periodical Maintenance Schedule.
Check if all bolts and nuts on the frame are
tightened securely.
Check all fixing pins, snap rings, hose (pipe)
clamps, and wire holders for security.
2-14
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Special Tools List
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
Left crank bearing puller
SYM-9100100
NAME
NO
L. Crank shaft puller
SYM-1130000-HMA H9A
R. crank case bearing 6201
assembles tool
SYM-9614000-HMA 6201
NAME
NO
R/L. crank case disassemble
tool
SYM-1120000-HMA H9A
Tappet adjusting wrench
SYM-9001200
NO
Left crankshaft & oil seal
assembly socket.
SYM-2341110- HMA RB1
NAME
Assembly directs puller
NAME
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
Valve cotter remove &
assembly tool
SYM-1471110/20
Tappet adjusting
SYM-9001200-08 09 10
Rocker arm shaft disassemble
SYM-1445100
(6204)
NAME
NO
Bearing driver 6204
SYM-9110400
NO
SYM-2341110
NAME
NO
Drive shaft puller
SYM-2341110- HMA RB1
2-15
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
2-16
Inner bearing puller
SYM-6204022
Clutch nut wrench
SYM-9020200
Steering head top thread
wrench
SYM-5320010
Air operated bearing puller
SYM-9100410-400 A6205
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
Outer bearing puller
SYM-6204001
Universal holder
SYM-2210100
Bearing driver HK1516
SYM-9100200-HMA RB1
HK1516
Oil seal driver 34*52*5
SYM-9125500-HMA
NAME
NO
NAME
Handle stand nut wrench
SYM-5321100
AC.G. Flywheel puller
NO
SYM-3110000-HMA
NAME
Bearing puller 6205
NO
NAME
NO
SYM-9100400 HMA RAI 6205
Right crankcase cover bearing
6201 puller.
SYM-9614000-HMA RB1 6201
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
NAME
Bearing driver 6205
NAME
NO
SYM-9615000-6205
NO
Drive shaft & oil seal (25*40*8)
socket
SYM-9120200-HMA
NAME
NO
Bearing driver 6201
NAME
NO
SYM-9614000-6201
NO
NAME
NO
Water pump mechanical seal
driver
SYM-1721700-H9A
NAME
NO
Crankcase bush puller
SYM-1120310
Water pump bearing driver
6901
SYM-9100100
SYM-6303000-HMA H9A 6303
(Ø22mm)
(Ø30mm)
NAME
Bearing puller 6303
NAME
NO
NAME
NO
Crankcase bush puller
SYM-1120320
Water pump oil seal driver
(inner)
SYM-9120500-H9A
2-17
To this chapter contents
2. Maintenance Information
Note:
2-18
Home page
Contents
3. Lubrication System
Mechanism Diagram ······························ 3-1
Engine Oil Strainer Clean ······················ 3-3
Precautions in Operation ······················ 3-2
Oil Pump ················································· 3-4
Troubleshooting ···································· 3-2
Gear Oil ··················································· 3-7
3
Engine Oil ··············································· 3-3
Mechanism Diagram
Valve Rocker Arm
Press-In Lubrication
Cam Shaft
Oil Route
Spray Lubrication
Con-Rod
Oil Route
Spray Lubrication
Press-In Lubrication
Rotate Direction
Oil Pump
Oil Strainer
3-1
To this chapter contents
3. Lubrication System
Precautions in Operation
General Information:
z
This chapter contains maintenance operation
for the engine oil pump and gear oil
replacement.
Specifications
Engine oil quantity
Change: 1200c.c.
SAE 10W-30 (Recommended
King serial oils)
Oil viscosity
Gear oil
Disassembly: 1400 c.c.
Disassembly:
Change:
180c.c.
170c.c.
Gear oil viscosity SAE 140
(Recommended SYM Hypoid gear oils)
Unit:
mm
Items
Standard (mm)
Limit (mm)
0.15
0.20
Clearance between outer rotor and body
0.15~0.20
0.25
Clearance between rotor side and body
0.04~0.09
0.12
Inner rotor clearance
Oil pump
Torque value
Torque value oil strainer cap
1.3~1.7kgf-m
Engine oil drain bolt
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Gear oil drain bolt
Gear oil join bolt
1.1~1.5kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
Oil pump connection screw
0.1~0.3kgf-m
Troubleshooting
Low engine oil level
Dirty oil
y Oil leaking
y Valve guide or seat worn out
y Piston ring worn out
y No oil change in periodical
y Cylinder head gasket damage
y Piston ring worn out
Low oil pressure
y Low engine oil level
y Clogged in oil strainer, circuits or pipes
y Oil pump damage
3-2
To this chapter contents
3. Lubrication System
Engine Oil
Turn off engine, and park the scooter in flat
surface with main stand.
Check oil level with oil dipstick.
So not screw the dipstick into engine as
checking.
If oil level is nearly low level, fill out
recommended oil to upper level.
Oil Change
Drain bolt
Caution
Drain oil as engine warmed up so that makes
sure oil can be drained smoothly and completely.
Place an oil pan under the scooter, and remove
oil drain bolt.
After drained, make sure washer can be re-used.
Install oil drain bolt.
Torque value:3.5~4.5kgf-m
Engine Oil Strainer Clean
Drain engine oil out.
Remove oil strainer and spring.
Clean oil strainer.
Check if O-ring can be re-used.
Install oil strainer and spring.
Install oil strainer cap.
Torque value:1.3~1.7kgf-m
Add oil to crankcase (oil viscosity SAE 10W-30)
Recommended using King serial oil.
Engine oil capacity: 1200c.c. when replacing
Install dipstick, start the engine for running
several minutes.
Turn off engine, and check oil level again.
Check if engine oil leaks.
Oil strainer cap
O-ring
Oil strainer
3-3
To this chapter contents
3. Lubrication System
Oil Pump
Oil Pump Removal
Remove generator and starting gear. (Refer to
chapter 10) 。
Clip
Remove cir clip and take out oil pump driving
chain and sprocket.
Make sure that pump shaft can be rotated freely.
Remove 2 screws on the oil pump, and then
remove oil pump.
2 screws
Oil Pump Disassembly
1 screw
Remove the screws on oil pump cover and
remove the cover.
Remove oil pump shaft roller and shaft.
Roller
3-4
To this chapter contents
3. Lubrication System
Oil Pump Inspection
Check the clearance between oil pump body and
outer rotor.
Limit: 0.25 mm
Check clearance between inner and outer rotors.
Limit: 0.20 mm
Check clearance between rotor side face and
pump body
Limit: 0.12 mm
Oil Pump Re-assembly
Pins
Install inner and outer rotors into the pump body.
Align the indent on driving shaft with that of inner
rotor.
Install the oil pump shaft and roller.
Install the oil pump cover and fixing pins properly.
3-5
To this chapter contents
3. Lubrication System
Tighten the oil pump screw.
1 screw
Roller
Oil Pump Installation
Install the oil pump, and then tighten screws.
Torque value:0.1~0.3kgf-m
Make sure that oil pump shaft can be rotated
freely.
2 screws
Install oil pump drive chain and sprocket, and
then install cir clip onto oil pump shaft.
Install starting gear and generator.
(Refer to chapter 10)
3-6
Clip
To this chapter contents
3. Lubrication System
Gear Oil
Gear oil join bolt
Gear Oil Change
Remove oil join bolt.
Remove drain bolt and drain gear oil out.
Install the drain bolt after drained.
Torque value: 1.1~1.5kgf-m
Make sure that the drain bolt washer can be
re-used.
Add oil to specified quantity from the join hole.
Gear Oil Quantity: 170c.c. when replacing
Make sure that the join bolt washer can be
re-used, and install the bolt.
Torque value: 1.0~1.4kgf-m
Start engine and run engine for 2-3 minutes.
Turn off engine and make sure that oil level is in
correct level.
Make sure that no oil leaking.
Gear oil drain bolt
3-7
To this chapter contents
3. Lubrication System
Notes:
3-8
Home page
Contents
4. Fuel System
Mechanism Diagram ...........................4-1
Automatic by-starter............................4-7
Precautions in Operation....................4-2
Float Chamber......................................4-8
Trouble Diagnosis...............................4-3
Adjustment of Idle Speed....................4-10
Carburetor Remove / Install ...............4-4
Fuel Tank ..............................................4-11
Vacuum Chamber................................4-4
Fuel Pump ............................................4-13
Air Cut-off Valve ..................................4-6
Air Cleaner............................................4-14
Mechanism Diagram
Carburetor
Inlet pipe
Fuel pump
Fuel strainer
Fuel vapor separator
Fuel tank cap
Fuel unit
Fuel tank
4-1
4
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Precautions in Operation
General Information
Warning
Gasoline is a low ignition point and explosive materials, so always work in a well-ventilated place and
strictly prohibit flame when working with gasoline.
Cautions
y Do not bend off throttle cable. Damaged throttle cable will make unstable drive-ability.
y When disassembling fuel system parts, pay attention to O-ring position, replace with new one as
re-assembly
y There is a drain screw in the float chamber for draining residual gasoline.
y Do not disassemble air cut valve arbitrarily.
Specification
ITEM
LM25W
Carburetor diameter
Ø28.8 mm
I.D. number
CVK122B
Fuel level
18.5 mm
Main injector
# 122
Idle injector
# 38
Idle speed
1500±100 rpm
Throttle handle clearance
Pilot screw
Tool
Special service tools
Vacuum/air pressure pump
Fuel level gauge
4-2
2~6 mm
2±1/2 turns
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Trouble Diagnosis
Poor engine start
Mixture too lean
No fuel in fuel tank
Clogged fuel tube
Too much fuel in cylinder
No spark from spark plug(malfunction of ignition
system )
y Clogged air cleaner
y Malfunction of carburetor chock
y Malfunction of throttle operation
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Clogged fuel injector
Vacuum piston stick and closed
Malfunction of float valve
Fuel level too low in float chamber
Clogged fuel tank cap vent
Clogged fuel filter
Obstructed fuel pipe
Clogged air vent hose
Air existing in intake system
Stall after started
y
y
y
y
y
y
Malfunction of carburetor chock
Incorrect ignition timing
Malfunction of carburetor
Dirty engine oil
Air existing in intake system
Incorrect idle speed
Mixture too rich
y
y
y
y
y
Clogged air injector
Malfunction of float valve
Fuel level too high in float chamber
Malfunction of carburetor chock
Dirty air cleaner
Rough idle
y
y
y
y
Malfunction of ignition system
Incorrect idle speed
Malfunction of carburetor
Dirty fuel
Intermittently misfire as acceleration
y Malfunction of ignition system
Late ignition timing
y Malfunction of ignition system
y Malfunction of carburetor
Power insufficiency and fuel consuming
y Fuel system clogged
y Malfunction of ignition system
4-3
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Carburetor Remove / Install
Removal
Remove luggage box.
Drain out fuel in the float chamber.
Throttle cable
Fuel pipe
Disconnect the fuel hose, vacuum hose.
Disconnect the auto by-start and heater couplers.
Loosen the adjustment nut and fixing nut of throttle
valve cable, and release the cable from
carburetor.
Release the clamp strip of carburetor, and then
remove the carburetor.
Installation
Clamp
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Vacuum Chamber
Removal
Loosen drain screw, and drain out residual fuel in
float chamber.
Remove screws (2 screws) of vacuum chamber
cover and the cover.
2 screws
Remove compress spring and vacuum piston.
4-4
Spring
Vacuum diaphragm
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Remove fuel needle seat, spring, and injector
needle.
Piston
Needle seat
Needle
Inspection
Check if the vacuum piston and needle for wear
out, crack or other damage.
Check if the diaphragm for damage or crack.
Caution
●
Do not damage vacuum diaphragm.
Spring
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
2 screws
4-5
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Air Cut-off Valve
2 screws
Removal
Removal the throttle cable seat (2 screws)
Remove the screws (2 screws) of the air cut-off
valve and its cover.
Remove the spring and vacuum diaphragm.
Check if the diaphragm for deterioration or crack.
Installation
Install the valve as reverse order of removal.
Caution
z
Do not damage the vacuum diaphragm or in
opposite installation direction.
4-6
2 screws
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Automatic by-starter
Inspection
Turn off engine and waiting for over 10 minutes for
cooling.
Check resistance across the two terminals of the
automatic by-starter.
Resistance value: Max. 10Ω (Measured after
engine stopped for more than 10 minutes)
Replace the automatic by-starter with a new one if
resistance value exceeds standard.
Remove the carburetor, allow it to cool off for 30
minutes.
Connect a pressure tester form air pump.
Connect fuel rich circuit.
Pump compressed air to the circuit.
Replace the automatic by-starter if the circuit
clogged.
Connect battery posts (12V) to starter’s
connectors. After 5 minutes, test the rich circuit
with compressed air.
If air flow through the circuit, then replace the
by-starter.
Removal
1 screw
Remove fixing plate screw, and then remove the
plate and automatic by-starter from carburetor.
Valve inspection
Check if automatic by-starter and valve needle for
damage or wear out.
Installation
Install automatic by-starter to the carburetor body.
Install fixing plate to the upper groove of automatic
by-starter, and install its flat surface to carburetor.
Install screw and tighten it.
Caution
z
Align the round point of the starter with the
screw hole of air intake side.
4-7
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Float Chamber
Disassembly
Remove 3 mounting screws and remove float
chamber cover.
3 screws
Remove the fuel level plate, float pin, float and
float valve.
Float
1 screw
Main jet
Inspection
Check float valve and valve seat for damage,
blocking.
Check float valve for wearing, and check valve
seat face for wear, dirt.
Slow jet
Float pin
Float
Caution
In case of worn out or dirt, the float valve and
valve seat will not tightly close causing fuel level
to increase and as a result, fuel flooding. A worn
out or dirty float valve must be replaced with a
new a new one.
1 screw
Float valve
Remove main jet, needle jet holder, needle jet,
slow jet and air adjustment screw.
Slow jet
Caution
Take care not to damage jets and adjust screw.
y Before removing adjustment screw, turn it all
the way down and note the number of turns.
y Does not turn adjust screw forcefully to avoid
damaging valve seat face.
Clean jets with cleaning fluid. Then use
compressed air to blow the dirt off.
Blow carburetor body passages with compressed
air.
4-8
Needle jet
Needle jet holder
Main jet
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Assembly
Air adjustment screw
Install main jet, needle jet holder, needle jet, slow
jet and air adjustment screw.
Caution
Set the air adjustment screw in according to
number of turns noted before it was removed.
Install the float valve, float, and float pin.
Float
1 screw
Main jet
Slow jet
Checking fuel level
Caution
y Check again to ensure float valve, float for
proper installation.
y To ensure correct measurement, position the
float meter in such a way so that float chamber
face is vertical to the main jet.
Fuel level: 18.5mm
Installation of carburetor
Install carburetor in the reverse order of removal.
Following adjustments must be made after
installation.
˙Throttle cable adjustment.
˙Idle adjustment
Throttle cable adjustment nuts
4-9
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Adjustment of Idle Speed
Throttle cable adjustment nuts
Caution
y Air screw was set at factory, so no adjustment
is needed. Note the number of turns it takes to
screw it all the way in for ease of installation.
y The parking brake must be used to stop the
scooter to perform the adjustments.
Use a tachometer when adjusting engine RPM.
Screw in air adjustment screw gently, then back up
to standard turns.
Standard turns: 2±1/2 turns
Warm up engine; adjust the throttle stopper screw
of throttle valve to standard RPM.
Idle speed rpm: 1500±100 rpm
Connect the hose of exhaust analyzer to exhaust
front end. Press test key on the analyzer.
Adjust the pilot screw and read CO reading on the
analyzer
CO standard value: 1.3~2.0 %
Accelerate in gradual increments; make sure rpm
and CO value are in standard value after engine
running in stable. If rpm and CO value fluctuated,
repeat the procedures described above for
adjusting to standard value.
4-10
Throttle cable adjustment nuts
Air adjustment screw
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Fuel Tank
Fuel unit coupler
Fuel unit removal
Remove the left and right side covers.
Open seat and remove the luggage box.
Remove rear carrier.
Remove the left and right body covers.
Remove the foot pedal (please refer to chapter 13
for these components above.)
4 bolts
Remove fuel unit coupler, and then remove fuel
unit (4 screws).
Caution
˙Do not bend the float arm of fuel unit
˙Do not fill out too much fuel to fuel tank.
Fuel unit inspection (Refer to electrical equipment
chapter 17).
Fuel unit installation
Install the fuel unit in the reverse order of removal.
Fuel unit
Caution
Do not forget to install the gasket of fuel unit or
damage it.
Fuel tube
Fuel tank removal
Remove the left and right side covers.
Open seat and remove the luggage box.
Remove rear carrier.
Remove the left and right body covers.
Remove the foot pedal (please refer to chapter 13
for these components above.)
Remove under cover (4 bolts).
Disconnect fuel unit coupler.
Remove the fuel inlet tubes.
Remove the vapor tube, fuel outlet tube.
Remove fuel tank front and rear side 4 bolts, and
then remove fuel tank.
Fuel tube
Vapor tube
4-11
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Remove fuel tank upper bolts (2 bolts).
2 bolts
Remove fuel tank under bolt (1 bolt).
1 bolt
Remove fuel tank.
Installation
Install the fuel tank in the reverse order of removal.
4-12
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Fuel Pump
Clamp
Inspection
Remove the left side cover and floor panel side
cover.
Warm up the engine and adjust idle speed.
Remove fuel hose from carburetor and then wait
for 5 minutes.
Measure the output of fuel pump. Its output time
is 10 seconds.
Output quantity: Min. 20 c.c.
If the output quantity is lower than 20 c.c., check
fuel hose, vacuum hose and fuel filter.
Removal / Installation
2 nuts
Outlet tube
Remove floor plate.
Remove fuel inlet, outlet and vacuum tube.
Remove 2 nuts and fuel pump.
Install the fuel pump in the reverse order of
removal procedures.
Inlet tube
Vacuum tube
4-13
To this chapter contents
4. Fuel System
Air Cleaner
Removal
Loosen the clamp strip of air cleaner and
carburetor, and then remove the vapor hose.
Remove the air cleaner (3 bolts).
Installation
Install the tank in the reverse order of removal.
2 bolts
Cleaning air cleaner element
8 screws
Remove the air cleaner cover (8 screws).
Remove element mounting screws (6 screws).
Remove the air cleaner element.
With compressed air to cleaning dirty around the
element. Replace it if it is too dirty to clean.
Caution
The air cleaner element is made of paper so do
not soap it into water or wash it with water.
Install the element onto the element seat and then
install the air cleaner cover.
4-14
6 screws
1 bolt
Home page
Contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Operational Precautions····················· 5-1
Rear Fork ·············································· 5-7
Engine Removal ·································· 5-2
Removal of Engine Bush····················· 5-9
Engine Hanger ····································· 5-6
Installation of Engine··························· 5-10
Operational Precautions
General Information
y Engine must be supported by a bracket or adjustable tool in height.
y The following parts can be serviced with the engine installed on the frame.
1. Carburetor
2. Driving disk, driving belt, clutch, and transporting disk
3. Final reduction gear mechanism
4. AC. Generator
5
Specification
Item
LM25W
Replacement
1,200 c.c.
Disassemble
1,400 c.c.
Replacement
170 c.c.
Disassemble
180 c.c.
Engine + radiator
850 c.c.
Reservoir upper
420 c.c.
Engine Oil Capacity
Gear Oil Capacity
Capacity of coolant
Torque Values
Engine hanger bolt (frame side)
7.5~9.5kgf-m
Engine hanger nut (engine side)
7.5~9.5kgf-m
Bolt of rear cushion upper connection
3.5~4.5kgf-m
Bolt of rear cushion lower connection
2.4~3.0kgf-m
Rear wheel axle nut
11.0~13.0kgf-m
5-1
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Engine Removal
Open inner box cover.
Remove battery cover (1 screw).
Remove the battery negative (-) cable.
Remove the battery positive (+) cable.
Positive
Negative
Open the seat.
Remove the luggage box (6 bolts, 2 screws).
(Refer to chapter 13)
Remove right and left side covers (4 screws on
each side.).
Remove rear carrier (4 bolts).
Remove body cover (4 screws & 1 coupler).
(Refer to chapter 13)
Auto by-starter coupler
Remove the power coupler of auto by-starter.
Remove the spark plug cap.
Spark plug cap
5-2
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Remove the generator power wire and pulse
generator connector.
Remove the starter motor wire.
Couplers of the generator and
pulse generator
Starter motor wire
Remove engine blow-by pipe.
Engine blow-by pipe
Remove the fuel line, vacuum hose, and throttle
valve cable from the carburetor.
Loosen the clamp strip of air cleaner and
carburetor, and then remove the air cleaner hose.
Clamp strip
Remove the air cleaner inlet pipe connection bolt
(1 bolt).
1 Bolt
5-3
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Remove the air cleaner connection bolts (2 bolts).
Remove the air cleaner.
2 bolts
Remove the exhaust muffler (3 bolts, 2 nuts).
3 bolts
2 nuts
Drain out coolant, and remove coolant inlet hose.
Drain bolt
Remove the coolant inlet hose and thermo-sensor
wire.
Inlet hose
Outlet hose
Thermo-sensor wire
5-4
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Remove rear brake hose clamp and rear brake
caliper.
2 bolts
Remove the right rear cushion lower bolt (1 bolt).
Remove the rear fork bolts (2 bolts).
Remove the rear wheel axle nut (1 nut).
Rear axle nut
Brake hose clamp
2 bolts
1 bolt
Remove the rear fork and rear axle collars.
Remove left rear cushion lower bolt (1 bolt).
1 bolt
5-5
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
With a bracket to support the engine to prevent
from it damage by falling down as removing the
engine.
Remove frame side engine hanger bolts (each
side 1 bolt), and then remove engine.
Frame side bolt
Engine side bolt
Engine Hanger
Removal
Remove the engine side bolts of engine hanger. (1
bolt on each side)
Remove the engine hanger.
Check if the engine hanger bush and cushion
rubber for damage. If so, replace with new ones.
Installation
Tighten the bolts and nuts of engine hanger.
Engine hanger nut:
Torque Value: 7.5~9.5kgf-m
5-6
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Rear Fork
Cir clip
Bearing Inspection
Check bearings on rear fork.
Rotate bearing inner ring with fingers.
Check if bearing can be turned in smooth and
silent, and also check if bearing outer ring is
mounted on rear fork tightly.
If bearing rotation is uneven, noising, or loose
bearing mounted, then replace it.
Bearing removal
Remove bearing mounting cir clip.
Drive the bearing out of the rear fork.
Bearing installation
Install new rear axle bearing and baring puller into
rear fork.
Special Service Tools:
Rear fork bearing puller SYM-6303000-6303
6303 bearing puller
Install the washer of the 6303 bearing puller.
6303 bearing puller washer
5-7
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Install assembly directs puller bearing puller.
Special Service Tools:
SYM-2341110
Assembly directs puller
Bearing puller
Use screw driver holder bearing puller lower part, and
turn the bearing puller upper part to install the rear fork
bearing.
Install bearing mounting cir clip.
Cir clip
5-8
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Removal of Engine Bush
If engine hanger frame and the cushion rubber of
rear cushion bush damaged. Then, with the bush
remover / presser, ø28mm & ø20mm, to press the
bush out, and replace it with new one.
Engine hanger bush: ø 28mm
Rear cushion bush: ø 20mm
Pressing out
Place the detent section of the bush remover
toward the bush, and drive both the pressing ring
and bolt in to press the bush out.
Special Service Tools:
Crankcase bush remover/presser SYM-1120310
Crankcase bush remover/presser SYM-1120320
Pressing In
Place the flat section of the remover toward the
bush, and then drive the bush, pressing ring, and
bolt in to install the bush.
5-9
To this chapter contents
5. Removal & Installation of Engine
Installation of Engine
Install the engine according to the reversing order
of removal.
Caution
z
z
z
Note both feet and hands safety for
squeezing as engine installation.
Do not bent or squeeze each wires or hose.
Route all cables and wires in accordance with
the routine layout.
Engine hanger nut:
Torque Value: 7.5~9.5kgf-m
Rear cushion bolt:
Torque Value: upper: 3.5~4.5kgf-m
Under: 2.4~3.0kgf-m
Rear wheel axle nut:
Torque Value: 11.0~13.0kgf-m
5-10
Home page
Contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Mechanism Diagram ··························· 6-1
Valve Stem Replacement··················· 6-10
Precautions in Operation ··················· 6-2
Valve Seat Inspection and Service ··· 6-11
Troubleshooting·································· 6-3
Cylinder Head Reassembly ··············· 6-13
Cylinder Head Removal······················ 6-4
Cylinder Head Installation ················· 6-14
Cylinder Head Disassembly··············· 6-6
Valve Clearance Adjustment············· 6-16
Cylinder Head Inspection··················· 6-8
Mechanism Diagram
6
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.2kgf-m
0.7~1.1kgf-m
3.6~4.0kgf-m
2.4~3.0kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.2kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
6-1
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Precautions in Operation
General Information
y This chapter is contained maintenance and service for cylinder head, valve, and camshaft as well as
rocker arm.
y Cylinder head service can be carried out when engine is in frame.
Specification
Item
Standard
Limit
12±2 kg/cm2
---
Intake
34.880
34.860
Exhaust
34.740
34.725
ID of valve rocker arm
11.982~12.000
12.080
OD of valve rocker arm shaft
11.966~11.984
11.936
Intake
4.975~4.990
4.900
Exhaust
4.950~4.975
4.900
5.000~5.012
5.030
Compression pressure
Camshaft
Rocker arm
Height of cam lobe
OD of valve stem
ID of valve guide
Clearance between
valve stem and guide
Intake
0.010~0.037
0.080
Exhaust
0.025~0.062
0.100
Free length of valve
spring
Inner
38.700
35.200
outer
40.400
36.900
1.600
---
Intake
0.10±0.02mm
---
Exhaust
0.15±0.02mm
---
---
0.050
Valve
Valve seat width
Valve clearance
Tilt angle of cylinder head
Torque Value
Cylinder head cover bolt
Exhaust pipe stud bolt
Cylinder head bolt
Cylinder head Nut
Sealing bolt of cam chain auto-tensioner
Bolt of cam chain auto-tensioner
Cylinder side cover bolt
Cam sprocket bolt
Tappet adjustment screw nut
Spark plug
Tools
Special service tools
Valve reamer: 5.0mm
Valve guide driver: 5.0mm
Valve spring compressor
6-2
1.0~1.4kgf-m
2.4~3.0kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
3.6~4.0kgf-m
0.8~1.2kgf-m
1.2~1.6kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
0.7~1.1kgf-m
1.0~1.2kgf-m
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Troubleshooting
Engine performance will be affected by troubles on engine top parts. The trouble usually can be
determined or by performing cylinder compression test and judging the abnormal noise generated.
Low compression pressure
1. Valve
y Improper valve adjustment
y Burnt or bent valve
y Improper valve timing
y Valve spring damage
y Valve carbon deposit.
2. Cylinder head
y Cylinder head gasket leaking or damage
y Tilt or crack cylinder
3. Piston
y Piston ring worn out.
High compression pressure
y Too much carbon deposit on combustion chamber or piston head
Noise
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Improper valve clearance adjustment
Burnt valve or damaged valve spring
Camshaft wear out or damage
Chain wear out or looseness
Auto-tensioner wear out or damage
Camshaft sprocket
Rocker arm or rocker arm shaft wear out
6-3
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Cylinder Head Removal
Remove engine. (Refer to chapter 5)
Remove 2 bolts of thermostat and then remove
the thermostat.
Remove hole bolt and spring for the cam chain
tensioner.
Loosen 2 bolts, and then remove tensioner.
Remove thermostat (2 bolts).
Tensioner bolts
Thermostat bolts
Remove Air Injection system (AI) pipe mounting
bolts.
Remove spark plug.
Remove cylinder head cover (4 bolts).
6-4
4 bolts
4 bolts
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Remove the side cover mounting blots of cylinder
head, and then take out the side cover.
3 bolts
Remove left crankcase cover, and turn the
Turn the drive face, and align the timing mark on
the sprocket with that of cylinder head, piston is at
TDC position.
Remove cam sprocket bolts and then remove the
sprocket by prying chain out.
Timing mark
2 bolts
Bolt ×2
Remove the 2 cylinder head mounting bolts from
cylinder head right side, and then remove 4 nuts
and washers from cylinder head upper side.
Remove the cylinder head.
4 nuts
Remove cylinder head gasket and 2 dowel pins.
Remove chain guide.
Clean up residues from the matching surfaces of
cylinder and cylinder head.
2 dowel pins
Caution
y Do not damage the matching surfaces of
cylinder and cylinder head.
y Avoid residues of gasket or foreign materials
falling into crankcase as cleaning.
Cam chain guide
6-5
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Cylinder Head Disassembly
Cam shaft setting plate
1 bolt
Remove cam shaft setting plate (1 bolt).
Remove rocker arm shafts and rocker arms.
Special Service Tool:
Rocker arm and cam shaft puller SYM-1445100
Rocker arm shaft and
cam shaft puller
Cam shafts
Remove cam shafts.
Special Service Tool:
Rocker arm and cam shaft puller SYM-1445100
Rocker arm
shaft and cam
shaft puller
Use a valve cotter remove & assembly tool to
press the valve spring, and then remove valves.
Caution
y In order to avoid loosing spring elasticity, do not
press the spring too much. Thus, press length
is based on the valve cotter in which can be
removed.
Special Service Tool:
Valve cotter remove & assembly tool
SYM-1471110-SY125
6-6
Valve cotter remove
and assembly tool
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Remove valve cotters, spring retainers, springs
and valves.
Inlet valve
Exhaust valve
Inner spring
Outer spring
Spring retainer
Cotter
Remove valve stem seals.
Valve stem seals
Clean carbon deposits in combustion chamber.
Clean residues and foreign materials on cylinder
head matching surface.
Caution
Do not damage the matching surface of cylinder
head.
6-7
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Cylinder Head Inspection
Check if spark plug and valve holes are cracked.
Measure cylinder head warp with a straightedge
and thickness gauge.
Service limit: 0.05 mm
Camshaft
Inspect cam lobe height for damaged.
Service Limit:
IN: Replacement when less than 34.860mm
EX: Replacement when less than 34.725mm
Inspect the camshaft bearing for looseness or
wear out. If any damage, replace whole set of
camshaft and bearing.
Rocker Arm
Measure the cam rocker arm I.D., and wear or
damage, oil hole clogged?
Service Limit: Replace when it is less than
12.080 mm.
Rocker Arm Shaft
Measure the active O.D. of the cam rocker arm
shaft and cam rocker arm.
Service Limit: Replace when it is less than
11.936 mm.
Calculate the clearance between the rocker arm
shaft and the rocker arm.
Service Limit: Replace when it is less than 0.10
mm.
6-8
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Valve spring free length
Measure the free length of intake and exhaust
valve springs.
Service limit:
Inner spring 35.20 mm
Outer spring 36.90 mm
Valve stem
Check if valve stems are bend, crack or burn.
Check the operation condition of valve stem in
valve guide, and measure & record the valve stem
outer diameter.
Service Limit: IN: 4.90 mm
EX: 4.90 mm
Valve guide
Caution
Before measuring the valve guide, clean carbon
deposits with reamer.
Tool: 5.0 mm valve guide reamer
Measure and record each valve guide inner
diameters.
Service limit: 5.03 mm
The difference that the inner diameter of valve
guide deducts the outer diameter of valve stem is
the clearance between the valve stem and valve
guide.
Service Limit: IN→0.08 mm
EX→0.10 mm
5.0 mm valve guide reamer
Caution
If clearance between valve stem and valve guide
exceeded service limit, check whether the new
clearance that only replaces new valve guide is
within service limit or not. If so, replace valve
guide.
Correct it with reamer after replacement.
If clearance still exceeds service limit after
replaced valve guide, replace valve stem too.
Caution
It has to correct valve seat when replacing valve
guide.
6-9
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Valve Stem Replacement
Heat up cylinder head to 100~150 ℃ with heated
plate or toaster.
Valve guide driver
5.0mm
Caution
y Do not let torch heat cylinder head directly.
Otherwise, the cylinder head may be deformed
as heating it.
y Wear on a pair of glove to protect your hands
when operating.
Hold the cylinder head, and then press out old
valve guide from combustion chamber side.
Tool: Valve guide driver: 5.0 mm
Caution
y Check if new valve guide is deformation after
pressed it in.
y When pressing in the new valve guide, cylinder
head still have to be kept in 100~150℃.
Valve guide driver
5.0 mm
Adjust the valve guide driver and let valve guide
height is in 13 mm.
Press in new valve guide from rocker arm side.
Tool: Valve guide driver: 5.0 mm
Wait for the cylinder head cooling down to room
temperature, and then correct the new valve guide
with reamer.
Caution
y Using cutting oil when correcting valve guide
with a reamer.
y Turn the reamer in same direction when it be
inserted or rotated.
Correct valve seat, and clean up all metal residues
from cylinder head.
Tool: Valve guide reamer: 5.0 mm
6-10
Valve guide reamer 5.0 mm
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Valve Seat Inspection and Service
Clean up all carbon deposits onto intake and
exhaust valves.
Apply with emery slightly onto valve contact face.
Grind valve seat with a rubber hose or other
manual grinding tool.
Caution
y Do not let emery enter into between valve stem
and valve guide.
y Clean up the emery after corrected, and apply
with engine oil onto contact faces of valve and
valve seat.
Remove the valve and check its contact face.
Caution
Replace the valve with new one if valve seal is
roughness, wear out, or incomplete contacted
with valve seat.
Valve seat width
Valve seat inspection
If the valve seat is too width, narrow or rough,
corrects it.
Valve seat width
Service limit: 1.6mm
Check the contact condition of valve seat.
Valve seat grinding
The worn valve seat has to be ground with valve
seat chamfer cutter.
Refer to operation manual of the valve seat
chamfer cutter.
Use 45° valve seat chamfer cutter to cut any rough
or uneven surface from valve seat.
Caution
Roughness
45°
After valve guide had been replaced, it has to be
ground with 45° valve seal chamfer cutter to
correct its seat face.
Use 32° cutter to cut a quarter upper parts out.
Old valve seat width
32°
6-11
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Use 60° cutter to cut a quarter lower parts out.
Remove the cutter and check new valve seat.
Old valve seat width
60°
Use 45° cutter to grind the valve seat to specified
width.
1.0mm
Caution
Make sure that all roughness and uneven faces
had been ground.
Grind valve seat again if necessary.
45°
Coat the valve seat surface with red paint.
Install the valve through valve guide until the valve
contacting with valve seat, slightly press down the
valve but do not rotate it so that a seal track will be
created on contact surface.
Contact surface too high
Old valve seat width
Caution
32°
The contact surfaces of valve and valve seat are
very important to the valve sealing capacity.
If the contact surface too high, grind the valve seat
with 32° cutter.
Then, grind the valve seat to specified width.
Contact surface too low
Old valve seat width
If the contact surface too low, grind the valve seat
with 60° cutter.
Then, grind the valve seat to specified width.
60°
6-12
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Cylinder Head Disassembly
Cam shaft setting plate
1 bolt
Remove cam shaft setting plate (1 bolt).
Remove rocker arm shafts and rocker arms.
Special Service Tool:
Rocker arm and cam shaft puller SYM-1445100
Rocker arm shaft and
cam shaft puller
Cam shafts
Remove cam shafts.
Special Service Tool:
Rocker arm and cam shaft puller SYM-1445100
Rocker arm
shaft and cam
shaft puller
Use a valve cotter remove & assembly tool to
press the valve spring, and then remove valves.
Caution
y In order to avoid loosing spring elasticity, do not
press the spring too much. Thus, press length
is based on the valve cotter in which can be
removed.
Special Service Tool:
Valve cotter remove & assembly tool
SYM-1471110-SY125
6-6
Valve cotter remove
and assembly tool
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Install camshaft into cylinder head.
Install valve rocker arm, rocker arm shaft and cam
shaft setting plate.
Cam shaft setting plate
2 bolts
Cylinder Head Installation
Gasket
Clean up all residues and foreign materials onto
the matching surfaces of both cylinder and
cylinder head.
Install chain guide, dowel pins and a new cylinder
head gasket onto the cylinder.
Caution
Do not damage the matching surfaces of cylinder
and cylinder head.
Avoid residues of gasket or foreign materials
falling into crankcase as cleaning.
Install 4 washers and tighten 4 nuts on the cylinder
head upper side, and then tighten 2 cylinder head
mounting bolts of cylinder head right side.
Torque value:
Nut
3.6~4.0kgf-m
Bolt 1.0~1.4kgf-m
Chain guide
Dowel pins
Bolt ×2
4 nuts
Timing mark
Install cam chain on to sprocket and align the
timing mark on the sprocket with that of cylinder
head.
Align sprocket bolt hole with camshaft bolt hole.
Tighten the sprocket mounting bolts.
Caution
Make sure timing marks are matched.
2 bolts
6-14
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Install cylinder head side cover (3 bolts).
3 bolts
Tensioner bolts
Install thermostat (2 bolts).
Loosen auto tensioner adjustment bolt and
remove bolt and spring.
Install tensioner and install spring and adjustment
bolt.
Thermostat bolts
Install cylinder cover (4 bolts).
Install Air Injection system (AI) pipe. (4 bolts)
Install inlet pipe onto cylinder head.
Install and tighten spark plug.
Torque value: 1.0~2.0kgf-m
4 bolts
4 bolts
Caution
This model is equipped with more precision
4-valve mechanism so its tighten torque can not
be exceeded standard value in order to avoid
causing cylinder head deformation, engine noise
and leaking so that motorcycle’s performance be
effected.
Install the engine onto frame (refer chapter 5).
6-15
To this chapter contents
6. Cylinder Head / Valve
Valve Clearance Adjustment
4 bolts
Loosen Air Injection system (AI) pipe upper side
bolt (2 bolts).
Remove cylinder head cover.
Remove the cylinder head side cover.
Remove left crankcase cover, and turn the drive
face, and align the timing mark on the cam
sprocket with that of cylinder head, piston is at
TDC position.
Loosen valve clearance adjustment nuts and bolts
located on valve rocker arm.
Measure and adjust valve clearance with feeler
gauge.
After valve clearance had been adjusted to
standard value, hold adjustment bolt and then
tighten the Adjustment nut.
Standard Value: IN 0.10 ± 0.02 mm
EX 0.15 ± 0.02 mm
Install the cylinder head side cover.
Start the engine and make sure that engine oil
flows onto the cylinder head.
Stop the engine after confirmed, and then install
the cylinder head cover and AI pipe.
Caution
y If lubricant does not flow to cylinder head,
engine components will be worn out seriously.
Thus, it must be confirmed.
y When checking lubricant flowing condition, run
the engine in idle speed. Do not accelerate
engine speed.
6-16
3 bolts
Timing mark
2 bolts
Home page
Contents
7. Cylinder / Piston
Mechanism Diagram ···························· 7-1
Piston Ring Installation ··················· 7-6
Precautions in Operation ···················· 7-2
Piston Installation ···························· 7-7
Trouble Diagnosis································ 7-2
Cylinder Installation ························· 7-7
Cylinder and Piston Removal ············· 7-3
Mechanism Diagram
0.8~1.2kgf-m
7
1.0~1.4kgf-m
7-1
To this chapter contents
7. Cylinder / Piston
Precautions in Operation
General Information
y Both cylinder and piston service cannot be carried out when engine mounted on frame.
Specification
Unit:mm
Item
Cylinder
Limit
70.995~71.015
71.100
-
0.050
0.015~0.050
0.090
2 ring
0.015~0.050
0.090
Top ring
0.150~0.300
0.500
2 ring
0.300~0.450
0.650
Oil ring side rail
0.200~0.700
-
70.430~70.480
70.380
0.010~0.040
0.100
17.002~17.008
17.020
16.994~17.000
16.960
0.002~0.014
0.020
17.016~17.034
17.064
ID
Bend
Clearance between piston
rings
Piston/
Standard
Top ring
nd
nd
Ring-end gap
Piston ring
nd
OD of piston (2 )
Clearance between piston and cylinder
ID of piston pin boss
OD of piston pin
Clearance between piston and piston pin
ID of connecting rod small-end
Trouble Diagnosis
Low or Unstable Compression Pressure
Smoking in Exhaust Pipe
y Cylinder or piston ring worn out
y Piston or piston ring worn out
y Piston ring installation improperly
y Cylinder or piston damage
Knock or Noise
Engine Overheat
y Cylinder or piston ring worn out
y Carbon deposits on cylinder head top-side
y Piston pin hole and piston pin wear out
y Carbon deposits on cylinder head top side
y Cooling pipe clogged or not enough in coolant
flow
7-2
To this chapter contents
7. Cylinder / Piston
Cylinder and Piston Removal
Remove cylinder head (refer to chapter 6).
Remove coolant hose from cylinder.
Remove cylinder.
Coolant hose
Cover the holes of crankcase and cam chain with
a piece of cloth.
Remove piston pin clip, and then remove piston
pin and piston.
Remove cylinder gasket and dowel pin.
Clean up all residues or foreign materials from
the two matching surfaces of cylinder and
crankcase.
Caution
y Soap the residues into solvent so that the
residues can be removed more easily.
Inspection
Check if the inner diameter of cylinder is wear out
or damaged.
In the 3 positions, top, center and bottom, of
cylinder, measure the X and Y values respective
in the cylinder.
Service limit: 71.100 mm
Top
Center
Bottom
7-3
To this chapter contents
7. Cylinder / Piston
Check cylinder if warp.
Service limit: 0.05 mm
Measure clearance between piston rings and
grooves.
Service Limit: Top ring: 0.09 mm
2nd ring: 0.09 mm
Remove piston rings
Check if the piston rings are damaged or its
grooves are worn.
Caution
Pay attention to remove piston rings because
they are fragile.
Place piston rings respective into cylinder below
20 mm of cylinder top. In order to keep the piston
rings in horizontal level in cylinder, push the rings
with piston.
Service Limit: Top ring: 0.50 mm
2nd ring: 0.65 mm
7-4
To this chapter contents
7. Cylinder / Piston
Measure the outer diameter of piston pin.
Service Limit: 16.96 mm
Measure the inner diameter of connecting rod
small end.
Service Limit: 17.064 mm
Measure the inner diameter of piston pin hole.
Service Limit: 17.02 mm
Calculate clearance between piston pin and its
hole.
Service Limit: 0.02 mm
Measure piston outer diameter.
Caution
The measurement position is 10 mm distance
from piston bottom side, and 90° to piston pin.
Service limit:70.380 mm
Compare measured value with service limit to
calculate the clearance between piston and
cylinder.
7-5
To this chapter contents
7. Cylinder / Piston
Piston Ring Installation
Clean up piston top, ring groove, and piston surface.
Install the piston ring onto piston carefully.
Place the openings of piston ring as diagram shown.
Caution
y Do not damage piston and piston rings as installation.
y All marks on the piston rings must be forwarded to up side.
y Make sure that all piston rings can be rotated freely after installed.
Top ring
2
nd
ring
Oil ring
Top groove
2
nd
groove
Oil groove
7-6
To this chapter contents
7. Cylinder / Piston
Piston Installation
IN mark
Install piston and piston pin, and place the IN
marks on the piston top side forward to inlet
valve.
Install new piston pin clip.
Clip end gap
Caution
y Do not let the opening of piston pin clip align
with the piston cutout.
y Place a piece of cloth between piston and
crankcase in order to prevent snap ring from
falling into crankcase as operation.
Cutout
Cylinder Installation
Clean up all residues and foreign materials on
the matching surface of crankcase. Pay
attention to not let these residues and foreign
materials fall into crankcase.
Caution
Soap the residues into solvent so that the
residues can be removed more easily.
Install dowel pins and new cylinder gasket.
Dowel pins
7-7
To this chapter contents
7. Cylinder / Piston
Coat some engine oil to inside of cylinder, piston
and piston rings.
Care to be taken when installing piston into
cylinder. Press piston rings in one by one as
installation.
Caution
Do not push piston into cylinder forcefully
because piston and piston rings will be
damaged.。
Install coolant hose onto cylinder.
Install cylinder head (refer to Chapter 6).
Coolant hose
7-8
Home page
Contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Mechanism Diagram ··························· 8-1
Drive Belt ··············································8-5
Maintenance Description ···················· 8-2
Drive Face·············································8-7
Trouble Diagnosis ······························· 8-2
Clutch Outer / Driven Pulley················8-10
Left Crankcase Cover ························· 8-3
Mechanism Diagram
8
5.0~6.0kgf-m
8.5~10.5kgf-m
5.0~6.0kgf-m
8-1
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Maintenance Description
Precautions in Operation
General Information
y Drive face, clutch outer, and driven pulley can be serviced on the motorcycle.
y Drive belt and drive pulley must be free of grease.
Specification
Item
Driving belt width
Standard value
Limit
24.000
mm
22.500
mm
OD of movable drive face boss
29.946~29.980
mm
29.926
mm
ID of movable drive face
30.000~30.040
mm
30.060
mm
OD of weight roller
19.500~20.000
mm
19.000
mm
144.850~145.150
mm
145.450
mm
6.000
mm
3.000
mm
102.400
mm
97.400
mm
OD of driven pulley boss
40.950~40.990
mm
40.930
mm
ID of driven face
41.000~41.050
mm
41.070
mm
Weight of weight roller
17.700~18.300
g
17.200
g
ID of clutch outer
Thickness of clutch weight
Free length of driven pulley spring
Torque value
Special Service Tools
y Drive face nut: 8.5~10.5kgf-m
y Clutch outer nut: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
y Drive plate nut: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
Clutch spring compressor: SYM-2301000
Inner bearing puller: SYM-6204002
Clutch nut wrench 39 x 41 mm: SYM-9020200
Universal holder: SYM-2210100
Bearing driver: SYM-9100100
Trouble Diagnosis
Engine can be started but motorcycle can
not be moved
Insufficient horsepower or poor high
speed performance
1. Worn drive Belt
2. Worn drive face
3. Worn or damaged clutch weight
4. Broken driven pulley
1. Worn drive belt
2. Insufficient spring force of driven pulley
3. Worn roller
4. Driven pulley operation un-smoothly
Shudder or misfire when driving
1. Broken clutch weight
2. Worn clutch weight
8-2
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Left Crankcase Cover
Left crankcase cover removal
Loosen 4 bolts from left side crank out cover &
remove it.
Remove left crankcase cover. (8 bolts)
Remove 2 dowel pin and gasket.
8 bolts
Left crankcase cover install
Install left crankcase cover in the reverse
procedures of removal.
Bearing setting plate
Drive shaft holder bearing
Left cover plate
8-3
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Left crankcase cover inspection
Remove 2 bolts to remove left crankcase cover
bearing setting plate.
Check bearing on left crankcase cover.
Rotate bearing’s inner ring with fingers.
Check if bearings can be turned in smooth and
silent, and also check if bearing outer ring is
mounted on cover tightly.
If bearing rotation is uneven, noising, or loose
bearing mounted, then replace it.
Bearing replacement
Remove bearing with special service tools
Special tools:
Inner bearing puller
SYM-6204022
Install bearing with special service tools.
Special tools:
Right crank case bearing 6201 assembles tool
SYM-9614000-HMA 6201
8-4
2 bolts
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Drive Belt
Universal holder
Removal
Remove left crankcase cover.
Hold drive face with universal holder, and remove
nut and drive face.
Special Tool:universal holder
Hold clutch outer with universal holder, and
remove nut, bearing stay collar and clutch outer.
Universal holder
Bearing stay collar
Caution
y Using special service tools for tightening or
loosening the nut.
y Fixed rear wheel or rear brake will damage
reduction gear system.
Push the drive belt into belt groove as diagram
shown so that the belt can be loosened, and then
remove the driven pulley.
Remove driven pulley. Do not remove drive belt.
Remove the drive belt from the groove of driven
pulley.
Inspection
Check the drive belt for crack or wear. Replace it
if necessary.
Measure the width of drive belt as diagram shown.
Service Limit: 22.5 mm
Replace the belt if exceeds the service limit.
Belt tooth
Width
Caution
y Using the genuine parts for replacement.
y The surfaces of drive belt or pulley must be
free of grease.
y Clean up all grease or dirt before installation.
8-5
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Installation
Caution
●
●
Pull out driven face to avoid it closing.
Cannot oppress friction plate comp in order to
avoid creates the distortion or the damage.
Driven face
Install drive belt onto driven pulley.
Install the driven pulley that has installed the belt
onto drive shaft.
On the drive belt another end to the movable drive
face.
Install the clutch outer and bearing stay collar.
Hold the clutch outer whit universal holder, and
then tighten nut to specified torque value.
Torque value: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
Install the drive face, washer and drive face nut.
Hold drive face with universal holder, and then
tighten nut to specified torque value.
Torque value: 8.5~10.5kgf-m
8-6
Universal holder
Bearing stay collar
Universal holder
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Drive Face
Universal holder
Removal
Remove left crankcase cover.
Hold drive face with universal holder, and then
remove drive face nut.
Remove drive face and drive belt.
Movable drive face
Remove movable drive face comp and drive face
boss from crankshaft.
Crankshaft
Remove ramp plate.
Ramp plate
Remove weight rollers from movable drive face.
Movable drive face
Drive face boss
Weight roller
8-7
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Inspection
The weight rollers are to press movable drive face
by means of centrifuge force.
Thus, if weight rollers are worn out or damaged,
the centrifuge force will be affected.
Check if rollers are worn or damaged. Replace it
if necessary.
Measure each roller’s outer diameter. Replace it if
exceed the service limit.
Service limit: 19.0 mm
Weight: 17.2g
Weight roller
Check if drive face boss is worn or damaged and
Movable drive face
replace it if necessary.
Measure the outer diameter of movable drive face
boss, and replace it if it exceed service limit.
Service limit: 29.962 mm
Drive face boss
Measure the inner diameter of movable drive face,
and replace it if it exceed service limit.
Service limit: 30.060 mm
Reassembly/installation
Install weight rollers.
Weight roller
Caution
y The weight roller two end surfaces are not
certainly same. In order to lengthen the roller
life and prevented exceptionally wears the
occurrence, Please end surface of the closure
surface counter clockwise assembles onto
movable drive face.
Closure surface
Install ramp plate.
Ramp plate
Guide collar
8-8
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
With 4~5g grease spreads wipes drives in the
movable drive face axis hole.
Install drive face boss.
Caution
y The movable drive face surface has to be free
of grease. Clean it with cleaning solvent.
Drive face boss
Install movable drive face comp. onto crankshaft.
Drive face boss
Movable drive face
Crank shaft
Driven pulley installation
Press down
Press drive belt into pulley groove, and then pull
the belt onto drive shaft.
Drive belt
Install drive face, washer and nut.
Caution
y Make sure that two sides of pulley surfaces
have to be free of grease. Clean it with
cleaning solvent.
Hold drives face with universal holder.
Tighten nut to specified torque.
Torque value: 8.5~10.5kgf-m
Install left crankcase cover.
8-9
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Clutch Outer/Driven Pulley
Clutch nut wrench
Disassembly
Remove drive belt, clutch outer and driven pulley.
Install clutch spring compressor onto the pulley
assembly, and operate the compressor to let the
wrench be installed more easily.
Caution
y Do not press the compressor too much.
Hold the clutch spring compressor onto bench vise,
and then remove mounting nut with special service
tool.
Release the clutch spring compressor and remove
friction plate, clutch weight and spring from driven
pulley.
Clutch spring compressor
Remove seal collar from driven pulley.
Collar
Remove guide pin, guide pin roller, and movable
driven face, and then remove O-ring & oil seal
seat from movable driven face.
Movable driven face
Guide pin
Seal
Guide pin
O-ring
Guide pin roller
Inspection
Clutch outer
Measure the inner diameter of clutch outer.
Replace the clutch outer if exceed service limit.
Service limit: 145.450 mm
Inner
diameter
8-10
Clutch outer
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Clutch lining
Measure each clutch weight thickness.
it if exceeds service limit.
Service limit: 3.0 mm
Replace
Clutch lining
Clutch weight
Driven pulley spring
Measure the length of driven pulley spring.
Replace it if exceeds service limit.
Service limit: 97.400 mm
Free length
Driven pulley
Check following items:
y If both surfaces are damaged or worn.
y If guide pin groove is damaged or worn.
Replace damaged or worn components.
Measure the outer diameter of driven face and the
inner diameter of movable driven face. Replace it
if exceeds service limit.
Service limit: Outer diameter 40.93 mm
Inner diameter 41.07 mm
Driven face
Movable driven face
Guide pin groove
Driven Pulley Bearing Inspection
Check if the inner bearing oil seal is damage.
Replace it if necessary.
Check if needle bearing is damage or too big
clearance. Replace it if necessary.
Rotate the inside of inner bearing with fingers to
check if the bearing rotation is in smooth and silent.
Check if the bearing outer parts are closed and
fixed. Replace it if necessary.
Needle bearing
Outer ball bearing
8-11
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Clutch weight Replacement
Remove snap ring and washer, and then remove
clutch weight and spring from driving plate.
Spring
Driving plate
Caution
y Some of models are equipped with one
mounting plate instead of 3 snap rings.
Check if spring is damage or insufficient elasticity.
Snap ring
Clutch weight
Check if shock absorption rubber is damage or
deformation. Replace it if necessary.
Apply with grease onto setting pins.
Install new clutch weight onto setting pin and then
push to the specified location.
Apply with grease onto setting pins.
But, the clutch block should not be greased. If so,
replace it.
Shock absorption rubber
Setting pin
Shock absorption rubber
Caution
y Grease or lubricant will damage the clutch
weight and affect the block’s connection
capacity.
Install the spring into groove with pliers.
8-12
Clutch weight
Spring
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Install snap ring and mounting plate onto setting
pin.
Snap ring
Replacement of Driven Pulley Bearing
Remove inner bearing.
Outer bearing
Clipper
Caution
y If the inner bearing equipped with oil seal on
side in the driven pulley, then remove the oil
seal firstly.
y If the pulley equipped with ball bearing, it has to
remove snap ring and then the bearing.
Inner needle
bearing
Snap ring
Remove snap ring and then push bearing forward
to other side of inner bearing.
Place new bearing onto proper position and its
sealing end should be forwarded to outside.
Apply with specified oil.
Snap ring
Outer bearing
Install new inner bearing.
Bearing end
Caution
y Its sealing end should be forwarded to outside
as bearing installation.
y Install needle bearing with hydraulic presser.
Install ball bearing by means of hydraulic
presser.
Install snap ring into the groove of drive face.
Align oil seal lip with bearing, and then install the
new oil seal (if necessary).
Inner bearing
8-13
To this chapter contents
8. V-Belt Driving System
Installation of Clutch Outer/Driven Pulley
Assembly
Oil seal
Install new oil seal and O-ring onto movable driven
face.
Apply with specified grease to lubricate the inside
of movable driven face.
Specified grease
O-ring
Install the movable driven face onto driven face.
Install the guide pin and guide pin roller.
Movable driven face
Guide pin
Oil seal
Guide pin
O-ring
Guide pin roller
Install the collar.
Collar
Install friction plate, spring and clutch weight into
clutch spring compressor, and press down the
assembly by turning manual lever until mounting
nut that can be installed.
Hold the compressor by bench vise and tighten
the mounting nut to specified torque with clutch
nut wrench.
Remove the clutch spring compressor.
Torque value: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
Install clutch outer/driven pulley and drive belt onto
drive shaft.
8-14
Clutch nut wrench
Clutch spring compressor
Home page
Contents
9. Final Driving Mechanism
Mechanism Diagram ···························· 9-1
Inspection of Final Driving Mechanism · 9-4
Precautions in Operation ···················· 9-2
Bearing Replacement ······························ 9-5
Trouble Diagnosis ······························· 9-2
Re-Assembly of Final Driving Mechanism
··································································· 9-8
Disassembly of Final Driving Mechanism
······························································· 9-3
Mechanism Diagram
9
Final shaft
Final gear
Counter gear
Drive shaft
Counter shaft
9-1
To this chapter contents
9. Final Driving Mechanism
Precautions in Operation
Specification
Application oil: scooter gear oil
Recommended oil: KING MATE serial gear oils
Oil quantity: 180 c.c. (170 c.c. when replacing)
Torque value
Gear box cover
2.6~3.0kgf-m
Special tools
Bearing (6205) driver
Bearing (6205) puller
Bearing (6203) driver
Drive shaft & oil seal (25*40*8) socket
Bearing (HK1516) driver
Bearing (6204) driver
Oil seal drive 34*52*5
Inner bearing puller
Outer bearing puller
Drive shaft install puller
Bearing install puller
Clutch nut wrench
SYM-9615000-6205
SYM-9100400 HMA RA1 6205
SYM-9620000
SYM-9120200-HMA
SYM-9100200-HMA HK1516
SYM-9110400-6204
SYM-9125500-HMA
SYM-6204021 or SYM-6204022
SYM-6204001
SYM-2341110- HMA RB1
SYM-2341100
SYM-9020200
Trouble Diagnosis
Engine can be started but motorcycle can not be moved.
y Damaged driving gear
y Burnt out driving gear
y Damaged driving belt.
Noise
y Worn or burnt gear
y Worn gear
Gear oil leaks
y Excessive gear oil.
y Worn or damage oil seal
9-2
To this chapter contents
9. Final Driving Mechanism
Disassembly of Final Driving
Mechanism
Remove the rear wheel.
Remove the clutch.
Drain out gear oil from gear box.
Loosen 7 bolts and remove gear box cover bolts.
7 bolts
Remove the gear box cover.
Remove the gasket & dowel pin.
Remove final gear.
Remove counter shaft, gear and 2 washers.
Remove final shaft.
Final shaft
Counter shaft
Remove the drive shaft.
Special tool:
Shaft protector
Caution
y If non- essential do not remove the drive
shaft from the cover upper side.
y If remove the drive shaft from the gear box
cover, then its bearing has to be replaced.
Drive shaft
9-3
To this chapter contents
9. Final Driving Mechanism
Inspection of Final Driving
Mechanism
Check if the drive shaft are burn, wear or damage
and replace it if necessary.
Caution
y If remove the drive shaft from the gear box
upper side, then its bearing has to be
replaced.
Check if the countershaft is wear or damage and
replace it if necessary.
Check if the final shaft and gear are burn, wear or
damage and replace it if necessary.
Check bearings on gear box cover.
Rotate each bearing’s inner ring with fingers.
Check if bearings can be turned in smooth and
silent, and also check if bearing outer ring is
mounted on gear tightly.
If bearing rotation is uneven, noising, or loose
bearing mounted, then replace it.
Check oil seal for wear or damage, and replace it
if necessary.
Check gear box bearing as the same way above,
and replace it if necessary.
9-4
Oil seal
Bearing
To this chapter contents
9. Final Driving Mechanism
Bearing Replacement
Outer bearing puller
Left crankcase side
If the drive shaft is pulled out with its bearing, then
remove the bearing with bearing puller and shaft
protector.
Special tool:
Multi-functional bearing puller or Outer bearing
puller
SYM-6204001
Shaft protector
SYM-6204010
Remove final shaft bearing and counter shaft
bearing from left crankcase using following tools.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller SYM-6204020 or
SYM-6204021
Inner bearing
puller
Caution
y Never install used bearings. Once bearing
removed, it has to be replaced with new one.
Install new final shaft bearing and counter shaft
bearing into left crankcase.
Special tool:
Bearing driver 6205
SYM-9615000-6205
Bearing driver HK1516 SYM-9100200-HK1516
Bearing driver
Install new drive shaft bearing and bearing puller
onto left crankcase.
Special tool:
Bearing puller 6205
SYM-9100400-6205
Bearing puller 6205
9-5
To this chapter contents
9. Final Driving Mechanism
Install assembly directs puller bearing puller.
Special Service Tools:
Assembly directs puller
SYM-2341110
Use screw driver hold bearing puller lower part,
and turn the bearing puller upper part to install the
drive shaft bearing.
Assembly directs puller
Gear box cover side
Remove drive shaft bearing and counter shaft
bearing from gear box cover using following tools.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller SYM-6204020 or
SYM-6204021
Inner bearing puller
Remove oil seal, and then remove final shaft
bearing from gear box cover using following tools.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
SYM-6204022
Inner bearing puller
Install a new drive shaft bearing and counter shaft
bearing into gear box cover.
9-6
To this chapter contents
9. Final Driving Mechanism
Install new final shaft bearing and bearing puller
onto left crankcase.
Special tool:
Bearing puller 6205
SYM-9100400-6205
Install assembly directs puller bearing puller.
Special Service Tools:
Assembly directs puller
SYM-2341110
Assembly
directs puller
Bearing puller 6205
Use screw driver holder bearing puller lower part,
and turn the bearing puller upper part to install the
final shaft bearing.
Assembly
directs puller
Apply with grease onto final shaft oil seal.
Install the oil seal into gear box cover.
Special tool:
Oil seal driver 34*52*5 SYM-9125500-HMA
Oil seal driver
9-7
To this chapter contents
9. Final Driving Mechanism
Re-Assembly of Final Driving
Mechanism
Clutch nut wrench
Drive shaft and
seal install socket
Install drive shaft.
Special tool:
Drive shaft puller
SYM-2341110- HMA RB1
Drive shaft socket & oil seal driver (25*40*8)
SYM-9120200-HMA
Clutch nut wrench SYM-9020200
Drive shaft puller
Apply with grease onto drive shaft oil seal.
Install the oil seal to left crankcase.
Special tool:
Drive shaft socket & oil seal driver (25*40*8)
SYM-9120200-HMA
Oil seal driver
Install 2 dowel pins & new gasket.
Dowel pins
Drive shaft
Install counter shaft and final shaft into the gear
box cover.
Install the gear box and tighten the bolts (7 bolts).
Torque value: 2.6~3.0kgf-m
Install driven pulley / clutch outer / belt.
Install movable drive face, drive face and left
crankcase cover.
Install rear wheel.
Add gear oil.
Gear oil quantity: 180c.c.
Final shaft
9-8
Counter shaft
Home page
Contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
Mechanism Diagram ···························10-1
Flywheel Removal ······························ 10-5
Precautions in Operation ···················10-2
Starting Clutch···································· 10-6
Right Crankcase Cover Removal ······10-3
AC.G. Flywheel Installation ··············· 10-8
AC.G. Set Removal ·····························10-4
AC.G. Set Installation ························· 10-9
Right Cover Bearing ···························10-4
Right Crankcase Cover Installation ·· 10-9
Mechanism Diagram
0.8~1.2kgf-m
10
1.0~1.4kgf-m
5.0~6.0kgf-m
10-1
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
Precautions in Operation
General information
y Refer to chapter 17: The troubleshooting and inspection of alternator.
y Refer to chapter 17: The service procedures and precaution items of starter motor.
Specification
Item
Standard value (mm)
Limit (mm)
ID of starting clutch gear
25.026~25.045
25.050
OD of starting clutch gear
42.192~42.208
42.100
Torque value
Flywheel nut
Starting clutch hexagon bolt
8 mm bolts
12 mm bolts
5.0~6.0kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m with adhesive
0.8~1.2kgf-m
1.8~2.2kgf-m
Special tools
AC.G. flywheel puller
Left crank case cover 6201 bearing puller
Inner bearing puller
SYM-3110000-HMA
SYM-9614000-HMA RB1 6201
SYM-6204022
Universal holder
SYM-2210100
10-2
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
Right Crankcase Cover Removal
Remove left side cover.
Remove seat and luggage box.
(Refer chapter 13)
Remove the exhaust muffler (3 bolts, 2 nuts).
3 bolts
2 nuts
Drain out the engine oil and coolant (refer chapter
5).
Remove coolant hoses.
Coolant hoses
Disconnect the couplers of the Power source
output line
Remove water pump cover (4 bolts).
Remove 10 bolts from the right crankcase cover.
Remove the right crankcase cover.
Remove dowel pin and gasket.
Generator couplers
10 bolts
4 bolts
10-3
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
AC.G. Set Removal
3 screws
Remove 2 mounting screws from pulse generator.
Remove 3 screws from right crankcase cover and
then remove generator coil set.
Pulse generator screws
Right Cover Bearing
Cir clip
Rotate the bearing with finger to check if the
bearing rotation is in smooth and silent.
Check if the bearing outer parts are closed and
fixed. Replace it if necessary.
Remove the bearing 6201with inner bearing puller.
Special tool:
Inner bearing puller
SYM-6204022
Inner bearing puller
Install the bearing 6201 bearing with special tool.
Special tool:
Right crankcase cover bearing 6201 presser
SYM-9614000-HMA RB1 6201
Inner bearing presser
10-4
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
Flywheel Removal
Remove right crankcase cover and generator coil.
Remove flywheel nut.
Flywheel nut
Installs shaft protector onto the crank shaft.
Special tool:
Shaft protector
Shaft protector
Reduction gear
Remove starter reduction gear and shaft.
Pull out flywheel with AC.G. flywheel puller.
Special tool:
AC.G. Flywheel puller SYM-3110000-HMA
Flywheel puller
Remove flywheel and starting driven gear.
10-5
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
Starting Clutch
Starting Clutch Inspection
ID
Remove starting clutch driven gear.
Check the gear for wear or damage.
Measure the ID and OD of the starting clutch
driven gear.
Service Limit: ID: 25.050 mm
OD: 42.100 mm
OD
Check the starting reduction gear and shaft for
wear or damage.
Check each roller for wear or damage.
Install starting clutch driven gear onto one way
clutch.
Hold flywheel and rotate starting clutch gear.
The starting clutch gear should be rotated in
C.C.W direction freely, but not C.W direction.
(View as shown in this figure.)
10-6
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
Remove the starting gear
Loosen 3 starting clutch socket bolts from one way
clutch and remove one way clutch.
3 bolts
Push out the roller set and check each roller for
wear or damage.
One way clutch Installation
One way clutch
Install the components in the reverse procedures
of removal.
Torque value: 1.0~1.4kgf-m
Caution
Cannot lock the thread of socket bolt.
Caution
The one way clutch must to with the generator
flywheel and the starter gear, after one and loads
the crank in, only then may lock the socket bolt,
otherwise will create concentric the deviation, will
cause the part to suffer injury.
Starting driven gear
10-7
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
AC.G. Flywheel Installation
Starting driven gear
Install starting driven gear onto one way clutch.
Align the key on crankshaft with the flywheel
groove, and then install the flywheel.
Hold the flywheel by drive face with universal
holder, and tighten flywheel nut.
Torque value: 5.0~6.0kgf-m
Special tool:
Universal Holder SYM-2210100
10-8
Groove
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
AC.G. Set Installation
3 screws
Install the AC.G. coil set onto right crankcase
cover (3 screws).
Install pulse generator (2 screws).
Tie the wire harness securely onto the indent of
crankcase.
Caution
Make sure that the wire harness is placed under
pulse generator.
Pulse generator screws
Right Crankcase Cover Installation
Dowel pins
Install dowel pins and new gasket.
Remove water pump cover.
Install right crankcase cover onto the crankcase.
Note: Align the water pump shaft indent with the oil
pump shaft.
10 bolts
Install right crankcase cover (10 screws).
Install the dowel pin, new gasket and water pump
cover onto crankcase cover.
4 bolts
Connect coolant hoses onto the right crankcase
cover.
Add engine oil and coolant.
10-9
To this chapter contents
10. Alternator / Starting Clutch
Notes:
10-10
Home page
Contents
11. Crankcase / Crank
Mechanism Diagram ··························11-1
Disassembly of Crankcase················ 11-3
General Information ···························11-2
Crankshaft Inspection ······················· 11-4
Trouble Diagnosis ······························11-2
Assembly of Crankcase····················· 11-6
Mechanism Diagram
0.8~1.2kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
11
0.8~1.2kgf-m
11-1
To this chapter contents
11. Crankcase / Crank
General Information
Operational precautions
y This Section concerns disassembly of the crankcase for repair purpose.
y Remove following components before disassembling crankcase.
-Engine remove
Chapter 5
-Cylinder head
Chapter 6
-Cylinder and piston
Chapter 7
-Drive face and driven pulley
Chapter 8
-AC generator/Start one way clutch
Chapter 10
z In case it requires replacing the crankshaft bearing, the driving chain of engine oil pump or the timing
chain, it is preferably to replace crankshaft as a unit.
Specification
Unit: mm
Item
Connecting rod side clearance of the big end
Vertical clearance of the big end of the connecting rod
Standard
Limit
0.100~0.400
0.600
0~0.008
0.050
-
0.100
Run-out
Torque value
Bolts for crankcase
Cylinder stud bolts
Bolt for cam chain adjuster
0.8~1.2kgf-m
1.0~1.4kgf-m
1.2~1.6kgf-m
Special tools
R/L. crank disassemble tool
L. crank shaft bearing puller
Crank shaft install socket & oil seal driver
Crank shaft puller
Outer bearing puller
Inner bearing puller
Clutch nut wrench
Trouble Diagnosis
Engine noise
y Loose crankshaft bearing
y Loose crankshaft pin bearing
y Worn out piston pin and pin hole
11-2
SYM-1120000-HMA H9A
SYM-9100100
SYM-2341110- HMA RB1
SYM-1130000-HMA H9A
SYM-6204001
SYM-6204022
SYM-9020200
To this chapter contents
11. Crankcase / Crank
Disassembly of Crankcase
Tensioner
Setting plate
Remove the cam chain setting plate, and then
remove cam chain.
Loosen the pivot bolt and remove the tensioner.
Loosen 2 bolts on the right crankcase.
2 bolts
Loosen 8 bolts on the left crankcase.
8 bolts
Place right crankcase downward and left
crankcase upward.
Install crank disassemble tool onto left crankcase.
Caution
Care should be taken not to damage the contact
surfaces.
Crank case disassemble tool
Crank shaft puller
Install left crank shaft puller into crank case
disassemble.
Hold left crank shaft puller nut by clutch nut
wrench, and turn the shaft puller to press out
crank shaft from left crankcase.
Special tool:
Crank case disassemble
SYM-1120000-HMA H9A
L. Crank shaft puller
SYM-1130000-HMA H9A
Clutch nut wrench
SYM-9020200
Crank case disassemble tool
11-3
To this chapter contents
11. Crankcase / Crank
Remove crankshaft and wave washer from right
crankcase.
Remove gasket and dowel pins.
Scrape gasket residues off the crankcase contact
surface.
Caution
Do not damage contact surface of the gasket.
It is better to moisten the gasket residue for
easy scrapping.
Drive out left crankcase oil seal.
Crankshaft Inspection
Use a thickness gauge to measure left and right
clearance of connecting rod big end.
Service limit: 0.6 mm
Measure point for the crank
big end of the connecting rod.
11-4
To this chapter contents
11. Crankcase / Crank
Measure the clearance of the big end at the
vertical directions.
Service limit: 0.05 mm
Place the crankshaft on a V-block, measure
run-out of the crankshaft.
Service limit: 0.10 mm
50 mm
50 mm
Check crankshaft bearing
Use hand to crank the bearing to see it moves
freely, smoothly and noiseless.
Check the inner ring to see it links firmly on the
bearing.
Crank bearing
If any roughness, noise and loose linkage are
detected, replace the bearing with new one.
Out bearing puller
Caution
The bearing shall be replaced in pair.
Special tool:
Outer bearing puller SYM-6204001
11-5
To this chapter contents
11. Crankcase / Crank
Assembly of Crankcase
Install new bearing and bearing puller onto left
crankcase bearing hole.
Special tool:
L. crank shaft bearing puller SYM-9100100
Crank shaft bearing puller
Install crank disassemble tool onto left crankcase.
Install left crank shaft puller into crank case
disassemble.
Hold left crank shaft puller, and turn the shaft
puller nut by clutch nut wrench to pull in crank
shaft bearing into left crankcase.
Special tool:
Crank case disassemble SYM-1120000-HMA
H9A
L. Crank shaft puller
SYM-2341110-HMA
Clutch nut wrench
Crank shaft puller
SYM-9020200
Crank case disassemble tool
Install crank shaft onto the left crankcase and
install crank shaft install socket.
Special tool:
Crank shaft install socket & oil seal driver
SYM-2341110- HMA RB1
Crank shaft install socket
Turn in the crank shaft puller spiral tooth to the left
crank shaft.
Special tool:
L. Crank shaft puller SYM-1130000-HMA H9A
Crank shaft puller
11-6
To this chapter contents
11. Crankcase / Crank
Hold left crank shaft puller, and turn the shaft
puller nut by clutch nut wrench to pull in crank
shaft into left crankcase.
Crank shaft puller
Put wave washer onto right crank bearing.
Caution
Right flank the wave washer piece certainly must
install. Cannot install the wrong position or leak
the attire. Otherwise can cause the motorcycle to
have the fierce vibration
Install 2 dowel pins and new gasket.
Install the right crankcase onto the left crankcase
Tighten 8 bolts on the left crankcase.
Tighten 2 bolts on the left crankcase.
Torque value: 0.8~1.2kgf-m
R. crankcase
2 bolts
L. crankcase
8 bolts
11-7
To this chapter contents
11. Crankcase / Crank
Apply a layer of grease on the lip of oil seal
Clean the crankshaft with clean solvent.
Install the oil seal in the left crankcase with special
tool.
Special tool:
Crank shaft install socket & oil seal driver
Oil seal driver
SYM-2341110- HMA RB1
Tensioner
Setting plate
Install the cam chain tensioner & and tighten the
bolts.
Torque value: 1.2~1.6kgf-m
Install the cam chain.
Install the cam chain setting plate.
2 bolts
11-8
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Contents
12. Cooling System
Mechanism Diagram ··························· 12-1
Change of coolant································ 12-5
General Information ···························· 12-2
Radiator ················································ 12-6
Trouble Diagnosis ······························· 12-2
Water Pump ·········································· 12-8
Trouble Diagnosis for Cooling System
······························································ 12-3
Thermostat ··········································· 12-12
Mechanism Diagram
Radiator filler cap
Reserve tank
Reserve tank inlet pipe
Thermo switch (fan)
Cooling fan
Engine coolant outlet pipe
12
Radiator
Engine coolant inlet
pipe
Reserve tank outlet pipe
Thermo unit
(temp meter)
Thermostat
Water pump
12-1
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
General Information
General
Warning:
While the engine is running, never attempt to open the radiator filler cap, the pressurized hot coolant
may shoot out and cause serious scalding injury. No maintenance work is allowed to perform unless the
engine is completely cooled down.
y
y
y
y
y
y
Refill the radiator with distilled water or specified additives.
Add coolant to the reservoir.
The cooling system can be serviced on the motorcycle.
Never spill the coolant to the painted surface.
Test the cooling system for any leakage after the repair.
Please refer to Section 17 for inspection of the temperature sensor switch for the fan motor and the
water thermometer.
Technical Specification
Item
Pressure to open filler cap
Capacity of coolant: Engine + radiator
Reservoir upper
Specification
0.9±0.15 Kg/cm²
850c.c.
420c.c.
Begins to activate at : 82~92ºC
Stroke : 0.05~3.0mm/80ºC
Not-pressure : 107.7ºC
Pressurized: 125.6ºC
Thermostat
Boiling point
Torque Value
For water pump rotor
1.0~1.4kgf-m
Tools Requirement
Special tools
Water pump bearing driver (6901): SYM-9100100
Water pump oil seal driver (Inner): SYM-9120500-H9A
Water pump mechanical seal driver: SYM-1721700-H9A
Inner bearing puller: SYM-6204020
Trouble Diagnosis
The engine temperature is too high
y The water thermometer and the temperature
sensor do not work properly.
y The thermostat is stuck to closed.
y Insufficient coolant.
y The water hose and jacket are clogged.
y Fan motor malfunction.
y The filler cap of the radiator malfunction.
The engine temperature is too low
y The water thermometer and the temperature
sensor malfunction.
y The thermostat is stuck to open.
Coolant is leaking
y The water pump mechanical seal does not
function properly.
y The O ring is deteriorated.
y The water hose is broken or aged
12-2
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Trouble Diagnosis for Cooling System
The temperature indicated is too high
Y
A. Stop and waiting for the
engine is completely
cooled down, open cap to
check the capacity of
coolant in radiator.
A1.Refill the radiator with
coolant then check for any
leakage?
N
Water leaking problem
N
Y
B. Turn on main switch and
check the water
temperature indicator
back to zero?
Y
N
B-1. Measure thermo unit to
confirm voltage 6V↑?
N
Replace thermo unit
Y
Y
B-2. Inspect the circuits of
water temperature have
short or earth?
Y
Short or earth handle
N
Meter problem
C. Open radiator cap and
softly throttle, inspect
coolant have circulated?
C-1. Eng. stop and remove
water pump cover, start
the motor to inspect pump
its rotation?
N
Y
Y
D. Close radiator cap,
measure thermo unit to
confirm voltage reduced
comply with temperature
rise?
N
Water pump repair
N
Water hose clogged
Replace thermo unit
Y
Next page
12-3
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Preceding page
E. Keep eng. 3000~4000 rpm
and inspect cooling fan was
operating after the
temperature gauge over 3
checks?
N
E-1. Measure thermal switch to
confirm voltage be
changed (12→0V)?
N
Replace thermal switch
Y
Y
F. Confirm the cooling fan was
convulsion?
E-2. Connect cooling fan
terminals with battery
(12V) directly to inspect
its operation?
N
Replace cooling fan
Y
Meter unusual
Y
If circuit connects reverse
cooling fan will forward,
correct and check again.
E-3. Keep eng. 3000~4000
rpm and inspect coolant
flow into reserve tank
after the temperature
gauge over 3 checks?
Y
E-4. Remove thermostat from
holder then heats it by
water directly to check its
operation?
Y
For bleed the air bubbles
completely, open radiator cap
and start engine while engine
is cool then press water hose
softly by hand to bleeding.
Turn the throttle repeatedly
until the coolant surface
becomes stable.
N
Replace thermostat
Refill with coolant then
check again
Notice the water hose
can’t any unsuitable
bend or twist and
bleed the air bubbles
completely.
12-4
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Change of coolant
Warning
y Never attempt to carry out service work on
the cooling system unless the engine is
completely cooled down, otherwise, you may
get scalded.
Remove the reserve tank cap cover, and then
remove tank cap.
Reserve tank cap
Place a water pan under the water pump; loosen
the drain bolt to drain out the coolant.
Reinstall the drain bolt.
Drain bolt
Refilling system with coolant and bleeding the air
bubbles.
y Run the engine, and remove by-pass pipe.
y Check by-pass hole whether has the air bubble
to emit.
y If emits without the air bubble, only has the
coolant to flow out, then backflow pipe joint on,
engine flameout.
y Remove radiator filler cap.
y Starts the engine, inspects does not have the air
bubble in the radiator coolant, also the coolant
liquid level is stable.
y Stop the engine. Add coolant to proper level if
necessary.
y Screw and tighten up the radiator filler cap.
By-pass pipe
Caution
y In order to avoid the water tank rusting, please
do not use the unclear trade mark refrigerant.
Coolant recommended: SYM Bramax radiator
agent.
Concentration: 50%
12-5
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Check reserve tank
y Open the inner box lid.
y Check the liquid level in the reservoir.
y Add coolant to proper level if too low.
Caution
y The reserve tank liquid level coca too is not
high, after avoids the water temperature
elevating, in the cooling system the refrigerant
backflow floods.
Viewing window
Radiator
Check
Check for any leakage from weld seam.
Blow radiator clean using compressed air. If the
radiator is blocked by dirt, use low pressure water
jet to clean it.
Care shall be taken when straightening the sink
fan.
Remove
Place a water pan under the water pump; loosen
the drain bolt to drain out the coolant.
Drain bolt
Remove the front cover and under spoiler (refer
chapter 13).
Loosen the radiator mounting bolts (4 bolts).
Each side 2 bolts
12-6
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Disconnect the couplers for the thermo switch and
fan motor.
Remove engine coolant inlet pipe, reserve tank
inlet pipe and radiator inlet pipe.
Thermo switch coupler
Cooling fan coupler
Engine coolant inlet pipe
Remove reserve tank coolant inlet pipe.
Remove the radiator and the cooling fun.
Coolant inlet pipe
Loosen the cooling fun mounting bolts (3 bolts).
Remove thermo switch.
Cooling fun
3 bolts
Thermo switch
Installation
Install the removed parts in the reverse order of
removal.
Install radiator in the reverse order of removal.
Upon completion, check for any leakage.
Caution
y Liquid packing must be applied to the thermo
switch before installing to avoid damaging the
radiator.
12-7
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12. Cooling System
Water Pump
Check water pump seal / cooling
system divulges inspection
y Disassembles the refrigerant drain bolt,
overflows little buckles the N actually fluid,
confirmed overflows the refrigerant whether has
the greasy dirt.
y Turns on lathe the engine oil gauge rule, the
inspection engine oil whether does have
bleaches situation of the emulsified.
If has the above two kind of interior to divulge the
phenomenon, possibly for the water pump inner
two seal damages, the engine cooling system
damages or the cylinder and the cylinder head
gasket damages, please first dismantles the right
crank case to say A confirms the replacement
water pump seal, if does not have the question to
take apart for overhaul cooling system of system
again the cylinder head, the cylinder.
Drain bolt
Removal of water pump
Loosen the drain bolt to drain out the coolant.
Remove the water hose.
Loosen 4 bolts and remove the pump cover.
Loosen 10 bolts and remove the engine right
cover.
Take off the gasket and dowel pins.
Turn pump rotor clockwise and remove.
Caution
y The rotor is provided with left turn thread.
Remove the cir clip from the right crankcase cover.
Remove the water pump shaft and the inner
bearing.
Remove the outside bearing by inner bearing
puller.
Rotate the inner ring of bearing, the bearing shall
move smoothly and quietly.
If the bearing does not rotate smoothly or
produces a noise, replace it with new one.
12-8
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Check any wear and damage of the mechanical
seal and inside seal.
Mechanical seal
Caution
The mechanical seal and inside seal must be
replaced as a unit.
Water pump mechanical
seal driver
Replacement of Mechanical Seal
Remove the inside bearing by inner bearing puller.
Drive the mechanical seal and inner seal out of the
right crankcase.
Special tools:
Inner bearing puller
Water pump bearing drive
Caution
Replace a new mechanical seal after removing
it.
Mechanical seal
Apply a coat of sealant to the mating surfaces of
the right crankcase before installing the new
mechanical seal.
Water pump mechanical
seal driver
Install the mechanical seal onto the right
crankcase.
Special tools:
Water pump mechanical seal driver
12-9
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Install the new inner seal onto the right crankcase.
Special tools:
Water pump oil seal driver (inner)
Install a new outside bearing to the right
crankcase cover.
Special tools:
Water pump bearing driver (6901)
Water pump oil seal
driver (inner)
Water pump bearing
driver (6901)
Caution
y Do not reuse old bearing. It must be
replaced with a new one once it has been
removed.
Mount the water pump shaft and the inner bearing
to the right crankcase cover.
Inner bearing
Water pump shaft
Install the cir clip to hold the inner bearing.
12-10
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Install the seal washer into the rotor.
Caution
y Washer must be replaced together with the
mechanical seal.
Install the rotor onto the water pump shaft and
tighten.
Torque Value: 1.0~1.4kgf-m
Water pump rotor
Caution
y
The rotor is left thread.
Install the dowel pin and right cover gasket.
The rotation water pump rotor, causes the water
pump drive shaft scoop channel, aligns the oil
pump drive shaft flange, install the right crank case.
(10 bolts)
Install the dowel pin and new gasket.
Install the water pump cover with 4 bolts.
12-11
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Thermostat
Thermo sensor
Please refer to chapter 17 for inspection of thermo
unit.
Removal
Remove the luggage box and body cover.
Drain out the coolant.
Remove the thermostat cover. (2 bolts)
2 bolts
Remove the thermostat.
Inspection
Visually inspect thermostat for any damage.
12-12
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Place the thermostat into heated water to check its
operation.
Caution
y Whenever the thermostat and the
thermometer are in contact to the wall of
heated water container, the reading
displayed is incorrect. If the valve of the
thermostat remains open at room
temperature or the valve operation is not
corresponding to the temperature change,
then it must be replaced.
Technical Data
Valve begins to open
Valve stroke
82~95℃
0.05 ~ 3mm
Installation
Install the thermostat.
Install the thermostat cover. (2 bolts)
Refill the coolant and bleed out the air bubble
(Page 12-5).
2 bolts
12-13
To this chapter contents
12. Cooling System
Notes:
12-14
Home page
Contents
13. Body Cover
Mechanism Diagram ···························13-1
Front under Spoiler···························· 13-10
Maintenance ········································13-2
Rear Carrier ········································ 13-10
Handle Cover·······································13-3
Luggage Box ······································ 13-11
Front Cover ·········································13-4
Rear Body Cover································ 13-12
Meter Panel··········································13-6
Floor Panel ········································· 13-13
Inner Box ·············································13-7
Front Fender······································· 13-13
Side Cover ···········································13-9
Rear Fender ········································ 13-14
Mechanism Diagram
Back seat
Right handle cover
Seat
Handle upper cover cap
Handle upper cover
Wind screen
Luggage box mat
Left handle cover
Coin box lid
Luggage box rear cover
Main cover
Meter panel
Luggage box
Reserve tank cap lid
Meter visor
Inner box lid stiffener
Inner box lid
Inner box
Wind screen
garnish
Rear carrier cap
Right body cover garnish
Inner box
upper case
Battery cover
Rear carrier
Floor box lid
Right body cover
Front cover
Right side cover
Left body cover
Right floor
garnish
Floor panel
Left body
cover garnish
Left floor garnish
Front fender
Front under spoiler
Floor mats
Left side cover
Rear mudguard
Rear fender
Under cover
13-1
13
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Maintenance
Body covers disassemble sequence:
R/L. Handle covers
Wind screen garnish
Luggage box & seat
Handle upper cover
Wind screen
Rear carrier
Front fender
Meter visor
R/L body cover
Front cover
Rear fender
R/L. side cover
Meter panel
Rear mudguard
Under cover
R/L. side cover
Front under spoiler
Inner box
Floor panel
y
y
y
y
y
Be careful not to damage various covers in assembly or disassembly operation.
Never injure hooks molded on the body covers.
Align the buckles on the guards with slot on the covers.
Make sure that each hook is properly installed during the assembly.
Never compact forcefully or hammer the guard and the covers during assembly.
13-2
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Handle Cover
Remove
Loosen the 2 screws from handle upper cover
front end.
2 screws
Loosen the 2 screws from handle upper cover rear
end.
Remove right and left handle side cover.
2 screws
Remove the handle upper cover cap.
Upper cover cap
Loosen the 3 screws from the handle upper cover,
and then remove handle upper cover.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
1 screw
Each side 1 screw
13-3
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Front Cover
Remove
Loosen 4 screws from the wind screen garnish
and remove the wind screen garnish.
Each side 2 screws
Loosen 8 screws from the wind screen and
remove the wind screen.
8 screws
Loosen 4 screws from the meter visor and remove
the meter visor.
4 screws
Loosen 8 screws from the inner box.
Each side 4 screws
13-4
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Loosen 2 bolts from the front cover under side.
2 bolts
Loosen 2 screws and 2 bolts from the front cover
upper side.
Each side 1 screw
Disconnect the headlight, foggy light and winker
light couplers.
Remove the front cover.
Each side 1 bolt
Headlight coupler
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Winker & foggy light coupler
13-5
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Meter Panel
Left side
Right side
Remove
Remove wind screen garnish, wind screen, meter
visor and front cover.
Remove reserve tank cap.
Loosen 4screws from right & left side of the meter
panel.
4 screws
Loosen 2 screws from in side of meter panel.
2 screws
Loosen the meter cord coupler.
Meter coupler
Remove the meter panel.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-6
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Inner Box
Reserve tank
Remove
Remove wind screen garnish, wind screen, meter
visor, front cover, meter panel, R/L side cover and
front under spoiler.
Loosen 1 screw from reserve tank stay.
1 screw
Loosen 1 screw from fuse box and remove it.
Loosen 1 screw from main switch cap and remove
the cap.
Loosen DC power outlet mounting nut, and
remove DC power outlet.
1 screw
1 screw
DC power outlet
Loosen 1 screw from battery cover and remove it.
1 screw
Remove the battery negative (-) cable.
Remove the battery positive (+) cable.
Remove the battery.
Positive
Negative
13-7
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Remove the filler pipe cover.
Loosen 3 screws of the filler pipe.
3 screws
Loosen 2 bolts from inner box under side.
Each side 1 bolt
Loosen 2 bolts from inside of the inner box.
Disconnect the hazard light and foggy light switch
couplers.
Remove inner box.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
2 bolts
13-8
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Side Cover
Remove
Loosen 2 screws from the side cover side end.
2 screws
Loosen 2 screws from the side cover upper end.
2 screws
Remove the side cover.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-9
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Front under Spoiler
Each side 1 bolt
Each side 1 screw
Remove
Remove wind screen garnish, wind screen, meter
visor, front cover and R/L side cover.
Loosen 2 screw and 2 bolts from the front under
spoiler upper end.
Remove the front spoiler.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Rear Carrier
Remove
Loosen 4 bolts from the rear carrier and remove it.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-10
4 bolts
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Luggage Box
2 screws
Remove
Open the seat.
Loosen 2 screws from the luggage box rear cover.
Disconnect the luggage box light and switch
coupler.
Remove the luggage box rear cover.
Loosen 2 bolts from luggage box front side
2 bolts
Loosen 4bolts from luggage box rear side.
4 bolts
Remove the luggage box.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-11
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Rear Body Cover
Remove
Loosen right and left side screws from rear end of
floor panel.
Each side 1 screw
Loosen right and left side screws from rear side of
the body cover.
Each side 1 screw
Disconnect the tail light coupler.
Tail light coupler
Remove the body cover.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-12
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Floor Panel
Each side 1 screw
Remove
Remove wind screen garnish, wind screen, meter
visor, front cover, R/L side cover, front under
spoiler, inner box, luggage box and body cover.
Loosen 4 bolts and 2 screws from floor panel.
Each side 2 bolts
Remove floor panel.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Front Fender
Remove
Loosen 4 screws from front cushion.
Each side 2 screws
Remove the front fender.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-13
To this chapter contents
13. Body Cover
Rear Fender
Loosen 4 bolts from rear fender.
2 bolts
Remove the rear fender.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
13-14
Each side 1 bolt
Home page
Contents
14. Brake System
Mechanism Diagram ···························· 14-1
Brake fluid replacement / Air-bleed·· 14-6
Maintenance Description ···················· 14-2
Front Brake Caliper···························· 14-7
Trouble Diagnosis ······························· 14-3
Rear Brake Caliper ····························· 14-8
Disk Brake System Inspection············ 14-4
Brake Disk ·········································· 14-9
Adding Brake Fluid······························ 14-5
Master Cylinder ·································· 14-9
Mechanism Diagram
Rear brake Master cylinder
Front brake Master cylinder
3.0~4.0kgf-m
14
Delay valve
Rear brake caliper
Front brake caliper
14-1
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Maintenance Description
Operational precautions
Caution
Inhaling asbestos may cause disorders of respiration system or cancer, therefore, never use air hose or
dry brush to clean brake parts. Use vacuum cleaner or other authorized tool instead.
y The brake caliper can be removed without removing the hydraulic system.
y After the hydraulic system is removed, or the brake system is felt to be too soft, bleed the hydraulic
system.
y While refilling brake fluid, care should be taken not to let the foreign material entering into the brake
system.
y Do not spill brake fluid on the painted surfaces, plastic or rubber parts to avoid damage.
y Check the operation of the brake system before riding.
Specifications
unit: mm
Item
Standard
Limit
The thickness of front brake disk
4.000
2.500
The thickness of rear brake disk
5.000
3.500
< 0.100
0.300
Front brake master cylinder inner diameter
11.000~11.043
11.055
Front brake master cylinder piston outer diameter
10.957~10.984
10.945
Rear brake master cylinder inner diameter
14.000~14.043
14.055
Rear brake master cylinder piston outer diameter
13.957~13.984
13.945
Diameter of front disk
240.000
─
Diameter of rear disk
220.000
─
Thickness of front brake lining
5.000
2.000
Thickness of rear brake lining
6.000
2.000
Front and rear brake disk eccentricity
Torque values:
Brake hose bolts
3.0~4.0kgf-m
Bolt for front brake caliper
2.9~3.5kgf-m
Brake lever nut
0.8~1.0kgf-m
Air-bleed valve
0.8~1.0kgf-m
14-2
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Trouble Diagnosis
Soft brake lever
1. Air inside the hydraulic system
2. Hydraulic system leaking
3. Worn master piston
4. Worn brake pad
5. Poor brake caliper
6. Worn brake lining/disk
7. Low brake fluid
8. Blocked brake hose
9. Warp/bent brake disk
10. Bent brake lever
Hard operation of brake lever
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Blocked brake system
Poor brake caliper
Blocked brake pipe
Seized/worn master cylinder piston
Bent brake lever
Uneven brake
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Dirty brake lining/disk
Poor wheel alignment
Clogged brake hose
Deformed or warped brake disk
Restricted brake hose and fittings
Tight brake
1. Dirty brake lining/disk
2. Poor wheel alignment
3. Deformed or warped brake disk
Brake noise
1.
2.
3.
4.
Dirty lining
Deformed brake disk
Poor brake caliper installation
Imbalance brake disk or wheel
14-3
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Disk Brake System Inspection
Inspection
By visual examination whether divulges or the
damage, with spanner inspection brake tube seam
whether becomes less crowded, and the
inspection handle bar turn right or turn left, or
pressure the cushion, whether besides the
pipeline protection department, whether there is
interferes, contacts other parts of.
Remove the front brake pad cap.
Check the brake from behind the brake caliper.
The brake pad must be replaced with new lining
when the brake pad wear limit reaches the brake
disk.
Park the motorcycle on a level ground, and check
if fluid level is under the “LOWER” mark.
Recommended Brake Fluid: WELL RUN BRAKE
OIL (DOT 3).
Caution
y The vehicles inclined or just stop, the survey oil
level could not be accurate, had to settle the
3~5 minute.
y In order to prevent has the chemical change,
please do not use counterfeiting or other
unclear trade marks brake fluid.
y Uses by all means must with the trade mark
brake fluid, guarantees the ghost vehicle
efficiency.
14-4
Brake linings wear limit grooves
Brake linings wear limit grooves
Brake caliper
Brake disk
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Adding Brake Fluid
Front brake master cylinder
Before the brake fluid reservoir is removed, turn
the handle so that the brake fluid reservoir
becomes horizontal, and then remove the brake
fluid reservoir.
When maintenance brake system, will be
supposed to paint the surface or the rubber parts
catches up by the rags.
Caution
Supplement brake fluid please do not surpass the
upper limit, spilled brake fluid on painted
surfaces, plastic or rubber components may
result in their damages.
Rear brake master cylinder
Remove the master cylinder cap and diaphragm.
Increases the high quality brake fluid, uses by all
means must with the trade mark brake fluid joins
in the master cylinder.
Clean the dirty brake disk.
Caution
y The dirty brake lining or disk will reduce the
brake performance.
y To mixed non-compatible brake fluid will
reduce brake performance.
y Foreign materials will block the system
causing brake performance to be reduced or
totally lost.
Master cylinder cap
Diaphragm
Upper level
Brake
Fluid
14-5
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Brake fluid replacement / Air-bleed
Connect drain hose to air-bleed valve.
Open the drain valve on the calipers and delay
valve the brake lever until the old brake fluid is
entirely drained out.
Close the drain valve and add specified brake fluid
into the brake master cylinder.
Recommended brake fluid: WELLRUN DOT 3
brake fluid
Connect one end of transparent hose to the drain
valve, and put the other end into a container.
Open the drain valve around 1/4 turns, and at the
same time hold the brake lever until the there is no
air bubble in the drain hose and also feeling
resistance on the brake lever.
Close the drain valve when finishing the brake
system refilling fluid procedure, and operate the
brake lever to check whether air bubble is in
brake system or not.
If brake is still soft, please bleed the system as
described below:
1. Tightly hold the brake lever and open the drain
valve around 1/4 turns, and then close the
valve.
Air-bleed valve
Delay valve
Air-bleed valve
Front brake
caliper
Caution
y
y
Do not release the brake lever before the
drain valve is closed.
Always check the brake fluid level when
carrying out the air bleeding procedure to
avoid air enter into the system.
2. Slowly release the brake lever, and wait for a
few seconds until it reaches its top position.
3. Repeat the steps 1 and 2 until there is no air
bubble at the end of the hose.
4. Tightly close the drain valve.
5. Make sure the brake fluid is in the UPPER level
of the master cylinder, and refill the fluid if
necessary.
6. Cover the cap
Air-bleed valve
Bubble
Rear brake caliper
Air-bleed valve
Caution
Divulges the air to have to pump by the minute
first divulges, then to caliper.
May use fluid the replacement machine, the
replacement fluid, the time is quicker, the air
bubble also Compared with cannot remain
Transparent hose
14-6
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Front Brake Caliper
Brake hose bolts
Removal
Place a container under the brake caliper, and
loosen the brake hose bolts and finally remove the
brake hoses.
Caution
Do not spill brake fluid on painted surfaces.
Remove two caliper mounting bolts and the
caliper.
Installation
Caliper mounting bolts
Install the brake caliper and tighten the mounting
bolts.
Pad caps
Torque: 2.9~3.5kgf-m
Caution
y Use M8 x 35 mm flange bolt only.
y Long bolt will impair the operation of brake
disk.
Use two seal washers and hose bolts to lock the
hoses and brake caliper in place.
Torque: 3.0~4.0kgf-m
Refill up the brake fluid to the reservoir and make
necessary air bleeding.
Cotter pins
Brake pad replacement
Guidance shaft
Remove brake caliper.
Remove brake pad caps.
Remove the brake pad guidance shafts cotter
pins.
Remove the brake pad guidance shafts and
locking spring, and then remove brake pads.
Locking spring
Install the new brake pads onto brake caliper.
Install the brake pad guidance shafts and locking
springs.
Install the brake pad guidance shafts cotter pins.
Install the brake caliper and tighten the mounting
bolts.
14-7
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Rear Brake Caliper
Brake hose bolts
Removal
Place a container under the brake caliper, and
loosen the brake hose bolt and finally remove the
brake hose.
Caution
Do not spill brake fluid on painted surfaces.
Remove two caliper mounting bolts and the
caliper.
Installation
Caliper mounting bolts
Install the brake caliper and tighten the mounting
bolts.
Torque: 2.9~3.5kgf-m
Caution
y Use M8 x 35 mm flange bolt only.
y Long bolt will impair the operation of brake
disk.
Use two seal washers and hose bolts to lock the
hoses and brake caliper in place.
Torque: 3.0~4.0kgf-m
Refill up the brake fluid to the reservoir and make
necessary air bleeding.
Brake pad replacement
Remove the brake caliper upper parts (2 socket
bolts).
Take out the brake pads.
Install the new brake pads onto brake caliper
bracket.
Install the brake caliper upper parts and tighten
the socket bolts.
14-8
Socket bolts
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Brake Disk
Brake disk
Inspection
Visually check the brake disk for wear or break.
Measure the thickness of the disk at several
places. Replace the disk if it has exceeded the
service limit.
Allowable limit:
Front brake disk 2.5 mm
Rear brake disk 3.5 mm
Micrometer
Remove the brake disk from wheel.
Check the disk for deformation and bend.
Allowable limit: 0.30 mm
Caution
y
The dirty brake lining or disk will reduce
the brake performance.
y
Brake lining includes the asbestos
ingredient, cannot use the air-gun to be
clean, the operator should dress the
mouthpiece and the glove, use vacuum
cleaner clean it.
Master Cylinder
Brake hose
Master Cylinder Removal
Caution
Do not let foreign materials enter into the
cylinder.
Caution
The whole set of master cylinder, piston, spring,
diaphragm and cir clip should be replaced as a
set.
Brake switch
Remove the handlebar covers.
Remove the leads of brake light switch.
Drain out the brake fluid.
Remove the brake lever from the brake master
cylinder.
Remove the brake hose.
Remove the master cylinder bolts and the master
cylinder.
2 bolts
14-9
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Remove the rubber pad.
Remove the cir clip.
Remove the piston and the spring.
Clean the master cylinder with recommended
brake fluid.
Cir clip
Rubber
boot
Piston
Piston
Spring
Master cylinder
Master Cylinder Inspection
Check the master cylinder for damage or scratch.
Replace it if necessary.
Measure the cylinder inner diameter at several
points along both X and Y directions.
Replace the cylinder if the measured values
exceed allowable limit.
Allowable limit:
Front brake: 11.055 mm
Rear brake: 14.055 mm
Measure the outer diameter of the piston.
Replace the piston if its measured value exceeds
allowable limit.
Master cylinder
Allowable limit:
Front brake: 10.945 mm
Rear brake: 13.945 mm
Master cylinder piston
Master Cylinder Assembly
Caution
y It is necessary to replace the whole set
comprising piston, spring, piston cup, and cir
clip.
y Make sure there is no dust on all components
before assembling.
Apply clean brake fluid to the piston cup, and then
install the cup onto the piston.
Install the larger end of the spring onto the master
cylinder.
The master cup’s cavity should be face inside of
master cylinder when installing the master cup.
Install the cir clip.
Cir clip
Rubber
boot
Piston
Caution
y Never install cup lip in the opposite direction.
y Make sure the cir clip is seated securely in
the groove.
Piston
Spring
Install the rubber pad into groove properly.
Master cylinder
14-10
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Master Cylinder Install
Install the rubber pad into the groove correctly.
Place the master cylinder onto handlebar, and
install the bolts.
Install the brake lever, and connect leads to brake
light switch.
2 bolts
Connect brake hoses with 2 new washers.
Tighten the brake hose bolt to the specified torque
value.
Make sure the hose is installed correctly.
Install all wires, hoses, and components carefully
so avoid to twisting them together.
Washers
Caution
Improper routing may damage leads, hoses or
pipes.
Caution
Brake light
switch
Brake hose
Kink of brake leads, hose or pipe may reduce
brake performance.
Add specified brake fluid and bleed the system.
14-11
To this chapter contents
14. Brake System
Note:
14-12
Contents
Home page
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Mechanism Diagram ···························· 15-1
Front Wheel ·········································· 15-5
Operational Precautions ····················· 15-2
Front Cushion ······································ 15-8
Trouble Diagnosis ······························· 15-2
Steering Stem······································· 15-9
Steering Handle ··································· 15-3
Mechanism Diagram
4.0~5.0kgf-m
1.0~2.0kgf-m
2.4~3.0kgf-m
0.2~0.3kgf-m
15
5.0~7.0kgf-m
4.0~4.5kgf-m
15-1
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Operational Precautions
General
Please refer to the Maintenance Manual of tubeless tire in respect to the removal, repair and installation of
the tire.
Torque Values
Nut for the front wheel axle
5.0 ~ 7.0kgf-m
Nut for the steering handle
4.0 ~ 5.0kgf-m
Lock nut for the steering handle stem
1.0 ~ 2.0kgf-m
Top crown for the steering handle stem
0.2 ~ 0.3kgf-m
Locating screw for the speedometer cable
0.15 ~0.3kgf-m
Front cushion upper lock bolt
2.4 ~ 3.0kgf-m
Front brake disk
4.0~4.5kgf-m
Special Tools
Steering handle top thread wrench
SYM-5320000、SYM-5321100
Inner bearing puller
SYM-6204020
Steering nut wrench
SYM-6204010
Driver 32*35mm
Driver 42*47mm
Trouble Diagnosis
Hard to steer
The front wheel rim run-out
y The steering handle stem nut is too tight.
y The rim is bent.
y The ball and the top crown of the steering
y The wheel axle nut is not tightened enough.
handle stem are damaged.
y Insufficient tire pressure.
y Side-worn or poor tire.
y The bearing clearance of the wheel axle is too
large.
The steering handlebar is tilted
y Uneven arrangement of the front cushion.
Soft front cushion
y The front fork is bent.
y The front cushion spring is worn out.
y The front wheel axle is bent
y The oil seal of the front cushion is leaking.
Noise in front cushion
y Front cushion is warped.
y The joint of the front cushion gets loose.
15-2
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Steering Handle
Master cylinder
Remove
Remove the right and left handle side cover,
handle upper cover and front cover. (Refer to
chapter 13)
Loosen the lock bolts for the master cylinder of the
front brake.
Holder
Loosen the deceleration throttle cable fixing nut.
Loosen 1 screw from the acceleration throttle
fixing plate.
2 bolts
Fixing nut
1 screw
Loosen 2 screws from the throttle holder.
2 screws
Remove throttle holder, handle switch, cables and
grip.
Throttle cables
15-3
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Loosen 2 bolts from the master cylinder of the rear
brake.
Remove holder and master cylinder.
Master cylinder
Holder
2 bolts
Loosen left handle switch connecter.
Loosen 2 screws from left side handle switch
holder.
Remove the right handle switch.
2 screws
Switch connecter
Loosen handle mounting nut.
Remove handle mounting bolt, and then remove
the handle.
Installation
Install handle and align with bolt hole.
Install bolt and nut and then tighten it.
Torque value: 4.0~5.0kgf-m
Handle mounting nut
Apply with grease onto throttle cable and the
sliding surface of handle.
Align the lock pin with the hole on the handle.
After the installment completes, carries on the
following inspection and the adjustment:
y Throttle grip operation.
y All electric appliances, the meter function
15-4
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Front Wheel
2 screws
Loosen 2 bolts from the front brake caliper and
remove it
Caution
y Care shall be taken not to push the brake
lever to avoid the brake pad being squeezed
out. In case that the brake pad is accidentally
squeezed out, use a screwdriver to force it
back to the place.
Loosen screw & remove speedometer cable.
Turn loose the axle nut.
Speedometer cable
Axle nut
Pull out the front wheel axle.
Remove the front wheel and both side collar.
15-5
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Inspection
Wheel axle
Place the wheel axle on a V block, measure its run
out.
Service limit: 0.2 mm
Bearing
Use finger to move the inner ring of each bearing,
it shall move smoothly and quietly. Check the
outer ring is securely attached on the wheel hub.
If the motion of the inner ring of the bearing is not
smooth, or noisy and loose when being moved,
remove and discard it.
Free play
Free play
Caution
y The bearing shall be replaced in pair.
Wheel
Place the wheel on to a rotation seat to check its
rim wobbling.
Turn the wheel with hand and measure its rim
wobbling value with a dial gauge.
Service limit:
Radial: 2.0 mm (0.08 in)
Axial: 2.0 mm (0.08 in)
Disassembly
Remove brake disk (5 bolts).
Remove dust seal, bearing and dist collar from left
side.
Remove dust seal and bearing from right side.
Special tools:
Inner bearing puller
SYM-6204020
Inner bearing
puller
15-6
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Assembly
Fill out the block of bearing by grease.
Drive the left bearing, dust seal and install the dist.
collar.
Install the right side bearing.
Dust seal
Dist collar
Bearing
6201U
Caution
y Carefully install the bearing in correct and
evenly.
y Bearing outer face should be faced up as
bearing installation.
Dust seal
Bearing 6201U
Install the brake disk and then tighten the bolts.
Torque value: 4.0~4.5kgf-m
15-7
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Front Cushion
2 bolts
Remove
Remove front cover, front under spoiler and front
fender.
Remove front wheel.
Remove front brake caliper.
Remove speedometer cable.
Speedometer cable
Loosen 4 bolts from steering stem.
Remove the front cushions.
4 bolts
Installation
Align the cover flange with upper level of the
cushion clamp, and then tighten bolts.
Torque value: 2.4~3.0kgf-m
Install the removed components in reverse order
of removal procedures.
15-8
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Steering Stem
Stem mounting nut
Steering stem top
thread wrench
Remove
Remove handle, front wheel and front cushion.
Remove the steering stem mounting nut.
Top cone race
Top cone race
Remove top cone race and steering stem.
Caution
y Place the steel ball onto a parts container to
prevent from missing.
Special tools:
Steering stem top thread wrench SYM-5320010
Handle stand nut wrench SYM-5321100
Handle stand nut wrench
Slightly tap the top and bottom ball bearing seats
with a plastic hammer to remove the seats.
Remove bottom cone race body with a punch.
Caution
y Do not damage the steering stem.
Installation
Install a new bottom cone race onto the steering
stem.
Push the cone race until to mounted position.
Caution
y Do not tilt the ball bearing seats as
installation.
Apply with grease onto the ball bearing seats, and
install steel balls onto the seats.(Top: 26 balls,
bottom: 29 balls)
Steering stem mounting nut
Top cone race
Top ball
bearing seat
Bottom ball
bearing seat
Steel balls
Bottom cone race
15-9
To this chapter contents
15. Steering / Front Wheel / Front Cushion
Lubricate the top cone race seat with grease.
Screw the cone race in to top ball bearing seat till
touching, and then screw out the cane race
1/4~3/8 turns.
Torque value: 0.25kgf-m
Steering lock nut
Return 1/2 turns
Caution
y Check the steering stem that should be
rotated freely and no clearance in vertical
direction.
Locking to
1/4~3/8 turns
Top cone-race
Install the steering stem mounting nut and tighten
the nut by means of holding the top cone race
body.
Torque value: 1.0~2.0kgf-m
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
15-10
Home page
Contents
16. Rear Wheel / Rear Fork / Rear Cushion
Mechanism Diagram ···························16-1
Rear Wheel ········································· 16-3
Operational Precaution ······················16-2
Rear Fork ············································ 16-5
Trouble Diagnosis ······························16-2
Rear Cushion······································ 16-6
Muffler··················································16-3
Mechanism Diagram
11.0~13.0kgf-m
3.5~4.5kgf-m
2.4~3.0kgf-m
16
4.0~5.0kgf-m
4.0~5.0kgf-m
16-1
To this chapter contents
16. Rear Wheel / Rear Fork / Rear Cushion
Operational Precaution
General
Please refer to the Maintenance Manual for tubeless tire in respect to the removal, repair and installation
of the tires.
Service data
Unit: mm
Item
Run-out of rear rim
Standard
Allowable Limit
Radial
-
2.0
Axial
-
2.0
Torque Value
Rear wheel axle nut
Rear cushion upper bolt
Rear cushion under bolt
Rear fork mounting bolt
Exhaust muffler mounting nut
Exhaust muffler mounting bolt
Brake clipper mounting bolts
Brake disc mounting bolt
11.0~13.0kgf-m
3.5~4.5kgf-m
2.4~3.0kgf-m
4.0~5.0kgf-m
1.0~1.2kgf-m
3.2~3.8kgf-m
2.9~3.5kgf-m
4.0~5.0kgf-m
Trouble Diagnosis
Run-out of rear wheel
Poor Performance of Brake
y Deformed or bent wheel hub.
y Improper tires.
y Loose wheel shaft.
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Soft Cushion
y The spring is too weak.
Noisy Brake
y
y
y
y
Worn brake lining.
Offset brake disc.
Improper assembly of brake caliper.
Brake disc or wheel imbalance.
16-2
Improperly adjusted brake.
Contaminated brake disc.
Worn brake lining.
Air inside brake fluid pipe.
Grease on brake disc.
The brake fluid piping is clogged.
The brake fluid pipe is deformed or bent.
The brake fluid pipe is deformed or bent.
Insufficient amount of brake fluid in the reservoir
To this chapter contents
16. Rear Wheel / Rear Fork / Rear Cushion
Muffler
Removal
Loosen the 2 nuts from exhaust muffler front side.
2 nuts
Loosen the 3 mounting bolts by exhaust muffler
right side.
Remove exhaust muffler.
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Caution
y Replace the front side muffler pipe gasket if
worn or deformed.
Torque Value:
Muffler mounting bolt
Muffler mounting nut
3.2 ~ 3.8kgf-m
1.0 ~ 1.2kgf-m
3 bolts
Rear Wheel
Hose clamp
Removal
Remove the exhaust muffler.
Remove the rear brake caliper (2 bolts) and brake
hose clamp (1 bolt).
Caution
y Care shall be taken not to push the brake
lever to avoid the brake pad being squeezed
out. In case that the brake pad is accidentally
squeezed out, use a screwdriver to force it
back to the place.
2 bolts
2 bolts
Remove the lower bolt of the right side rear
cushion.
Remove 2 bolts of the rear fork.
1 bolt
16-3
To this chapter contents
16. Rear Wheel / Rear Fork / Rear Cushion
Remove rear wheel axle nut.
1 nut
Remove rear fork and both side collars.
Remove the rear wheel.
Inspection rear wheel rim
Place the wheel rim on a rotational support.
Rotate it by hand and measure the run-out with a
dial indicator.
Run-out limit: 2.0 mm
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Torque Value:
Rear wheel axle nut
11.0~13.0kgf-m
Rear cushion under bolt
2.4~3.0kgf-m
Rear fork mounting bolt
4.0~5.0kgf-m
Brake clipper mounting bolts 2.9~3.5kgf-m
16-4
To this chapter contents
16. Rear Wheel / Rear Fork / Rear Cushion
Rear Fork
Free play
Inspection rear fork bearing
Rotate the inner ring of the bearing with a finger.
The bearing should move smoothly and quietly.
Check the fit of the bearing and rim.
Replace the bearing if its motion is not smooth or
noisy.
Replacement of rear fork bearing
Free play
Cir clip
Remove the bearing lock cir clip.
Uses the bearing driver; drive out the bearing.
Special tool: Bearing driver
Install new rear fork bearing and bearing puller
(6303) onto rear fork.
Install assembly directs puller bearing puller.
Special Service Tools:
Rear fork bearing 6303 bearing puller
SYM-6303000-HMA H9A 6303
Assembly directs puller
SYM-2341110
Assembly
directs puller
Use screw driver hold bearing puller lower part,
and turn the bearing puller upper part to install the
rear fork bearing.
16-5
To this chapter contents
16. Rear Wheel / Rear Fork / Rear Cushion
Install the bearing lock cir clip.
Cir clip
Outside collar
Bearing
(6303UU)
Inside collar
Rear Cushion
Left
Upper bolt
Removal
Remove the luggage box, rear carrier and body
covers.
Loosen the mounting bolts of the air cleaner (2
bolts).
Remove the exhaust muffler (3 bolts, 2 nuts).
Remove the under bolts by left and right rear
cushions.
Remove the upper bolts by left and right rear
cushions, and then remove the cushion.
Under bolt
Installation
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
Right
Upper bolt
Caution
y The rear cushion must be replaced as a unit.
Never disassemble the rear cushion as that
would damage the structure.
Torque Value
Rear cushion upper bolt: 3.5~4.5kgf-m
Rear cushion under bolt: 2.4~3.0kgf-m
Under bolt
16-6
Home page
Contents
17. Electrical System
Mechanism Diagram ··························· 17-1
Starting System ································· 17-11
Maintenance Data································ 17-2
Meters················································· 17-13
Technical Specification······················· 17-2
Light / Bulb········································· 17-15
Trouble Diagnosis ······························· 17-3
Switch / Horn······································ 17-19
Battery ·················································· 17-4
Fuel Unit ············································· 17-21
Fuse ······················································ 17-5
Cooling Fan Thermo Switch ············· 17-22
Charging System ································· 17-6
Thermo Sensor ·································· 17-23
Ignition System···································· 17-9
Water Temperature Meter ················· 17-23
Mechanism Diagram
Horn
Speed sensor
Headlight lo-beam relay
Winker & Hazard
control unit
Power relay
Headlight hi-beam relay
Key relay
Thermo switch
(Cooling fan)
Fuse box
Engine stop relay
Battery
Passing / Beam /
Winker / Horn switch
Side stand switch
Spark plug
Carburetor heater
Main switch
Start / Headlight /
Engine stop switch
Fuel unit
17
Ignition coil
Thermo sensor
A.C. Generator
Thermo switch
(Carburetor heater)
Resistor
Start relay
Transistor Ignition
Reg. Rec.
17-1
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Maintenance Data
Operational precaution
y When remove the battery, the disconnection sequence of cable terminals shall be strictly observed.
(First disconnect the negative cable terminal, next, the positive cable terminal.)
y The model of the spark plug and the tightening torque.
y The ignition timing.
y Adjustment of headlight.
y Removal and installation of AC generator.
y The maintenance free battery requires no inspection of electrolyte level and refilling of distilled water.
y To recharge the battery, remove the battery from rack without removing ventilation caps.
y Unless in emergency, never rapid charge the battery.
y The voltage must be checked with the voltmeter while charging the battery.
y As C.D.I assembly does not require an ignition timing check. In case ignition timing is incorrect, check
C.D.I and AC generator. Verify with an ignition timing light after replacement if necessary.
Technical Specification
Charging system
Description
Specification
Capacity
12V10Ah
Charging rate
1.2A / 5~10hr (standard)
5A / 1hr (fast charging)
Battery
Leak current
Below 1mA
Charging current
1.2A / 1500 rpm
Control voltage in charging
14.5+0.5 V / 2,000 rpm
Ignition system
Description
Spark plug
Ignition coil and
resistance
Specification
Model
NGK CR7HSA (Recommended)
Gap
0.6~0.7 mm
Primary winding
0.17±10% Ω
Secondary winding
Without cap:9 ± 20% KΩ
With cap:14.1 ± 20% KΩ
Pulse generator
480~550 Ω
10° TDC / 2500 rpm
Ignition timing
26° TDC / 3500 rpm
30° TDC / 6000 rpm
16° TDC / 8300 rpm
17-2
”F” mark
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Trouble Diagnosis
No voltage
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
Battery discharged
The cable disconnected
The fuse is blown
Improper operation of the main switch
Low voltage
The battery is not fully charged
Poor contact
Poor charging system
Poor voltage regulator
No spark produced by spark plug
y The spark plug is out of work
y The cable is poorly connected, open or
short-circuited
y Between AC.G. and C.D.I.
y Poor connection between C.D.I. and ignition coil
y Poor connection between C.D.I. and the main
switch
y Poor main switch
y Poor C.D.I.
y A.C.G. is out of work
Starter motor does not work
The fuse is blown
The battery is not fully charge
Poor main switch
Poor starter switch
The front and rear brake switches do not
operate correctly
y Starter relay is out of work
y The ignition coil is poorly connected, open or
short-circuited
y
The starter motor is out of work
y
y
y
y
y
Intermittent power supply
y The connector of the charging system becomes
loose
y Poor connection of the battery cable
y Poor connection or short-circuit of the
discharging system
y Poor connection or short-circuit of the power
generation system
Charging system does not operate
properly
y
y
y
y
Burnt fuse
Poor contact, open or short circuit
Poor regulator
Poor ACG
Engine does not crank smoothly
y Primary winding circuit
- Poor ignition coil
- Poor connection of cable and connectors
- Poor main switch
y Secondary winding circuit
- Poor ignition coil
- Poor spark plug
- Poor ignition coil cable
- Current leakage in the spark plug
y Incorrect ignition timing
- Poor AC.G.
- Improper installation of the pulse sensor
- Poor C.D.I.
Weak starter motor
y
y
y
y
Poor charging system
The battery is not fully charged
Poor connection in the windings
The motor gear is jammed by foreign material
Starter motor is working, but engine does
not crank
y Poor starter motor pinion
y The starter motor run in reverse direction
y Poor battery
17-3
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Battery
Removal
Loosen 1 screw and remove the battery cover.
Disconnect the negative cable terminal first, then
the positive cable terminal.
Remove the battery.
Voltage Check
Use the digital voltmeter to check the voltage of
the battery.
Voltage:
Fully charged: 12.8V ↑ at 20℃
Undercharged: Below 12.0 V at 20℃
Warning
y Keep flames away while recharging.
y Charging is completely controlled by the
ON/OFF switch on the charger, not by
battery cables.
Charging
Connect the positive terminal (+) of the charger to
the battery positive terminal (+).
Connect the negative terminal (-) of the charger to
the battery negative terminal (-).
Standard
Maximum
Charging current
1.2A
17A
Charging time
10 hr
0.5 hr
Warning
y Keep flames away while recharging.
y Charging is completely controlled by the
ON/OFF switch on the charger, not by
battery cables.
Caution
y Never rapid charge the battery unless in
emergency.
y Verify the battery is recharged with current
and duration prescribed above.
y Large current and fast time to charge will
render damage to the battery.
When installing the battery, coat the cable terminal
with grease.
17-4
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Fuse
Fuse circuit diagram
Fuse box
(Headlight)
Fuse 20A
Headlight
(Hi & Lo-beam)
Transistor
ignition
Auto by-starter
Meter
Carburetor
heater
(Ignition)
Fuse 15A
Winker & hazard
control unit
(Meter &
Operate)
Fuse 20A
Main switch
Meter
Horn
(Luggage box
& Outlet)
Fuse 20A
Luggage box
light
Switch
Power outlet
Open seat motor
(Foggy & Fan)
Fuse 15A
Foggy light
Cooling fan
(Charge)
Fuse 30A
Regulator
rectifier
AC. Generator
Battery
17-5
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Charging System
Charging circuit
R
R
Main switch
Reg. Rec.
Fuse 20A
Y
R
Y
B
R
Y
G
Y/L
Battery
R
B
G
Y
Red
Black
Green
Yellow
AC. G.
Fuse 30A
Starting relay
Meter charging
system lamp
Starting motor
Regulator rectifier Inspection
-
+
Y1
Y1
(KΩ)
Y2
Y3
R
B
Y/L
G
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
5~30
1~10
Y2
∞
Y3
∞
∞
R
∞
∞
∞
B
5~30
5~30
5~30
∞
Y/L
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
G
2~20
2~20
2~20
∞
1~10
Inspection on regulator rectifier wire
Remove the luggage box, rear carrier and body
covers.
Disconnect two 3 pin couplers of the regulator
rectifier.
Inspection the rectifier coupler to the wire harness
passes the condition.
Item
Check Points
Main switch
connection
Battery
connection
R─B
Battery voltage
(ON)
R─G
Battery voltage
Y─Y
0.2~0.4 Ω
Charging coil
17-6
5~30
If the parts are normal, then trouble is in the wiring.
If there is nothing wrong with parts and wiring,
replace the regulator rectifier.
Couplers
Standard Value
If the readings measured are not normal, check
parts in the circuit.
∞
Regulator rectifier
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Inspection on AC. Generator coil
Y1
Remove the luggage box, rear carrier and body
covers.
Disconnect 3 pin couplers of the generator coil.
Connect an ohmmeter to the each terminal end.
Check the continuity of the each terminal end, and
engine ground with short circuit?
If there is no continuity or short circuit, replace the
AC. Generator.
V
Ω
Y1
70~80
0.2~0.4
Y2
70~80
0.2~0.4
Y3
70~80
0.2~0.4
And you can check voltage by engine is running.
Ω
Ω
Y2
Ω
Y3
Ω
Y1
V
Y2
V
V
Y3
Current Leakage Inspection
Turn the main switch to OFF position, and remove
the negative cable terminal (-) from the battery.
Connect an ammeter between the negative cable
terminal and the battery negative terminal.
Disconnect each cable one by one and take
measurement of the current of each cable to
locate the short circuit.
Allowable current leakage: Less than 1mA
Battery negative terminal
Caution
y In the current leakage test, set the current
range at the largest scale, then gradually
decrease to the lower scale as the test process
goes to avoid possible damage to the ammeter
and the fuse.
y Do not turn the main switch to ON position
during test.
If the leaked current exceeds the specified value, it
may indicate a short circuit.
17-7
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Inspection on Charging Voltage
Voltmeter
Ammeter
Connect a tachometer.
Turn on the headlight to high beam and start the
engine.
Accelerate the engine to the specified revolution
per minute and measure the charging voltage.
Specified Charging Current:
1.2 A / 6000 rpm
Control Charging Voltage:
14.5 V/1500 rpm
Caution
y To replace the old battery, use a new battery
with the same current and voltage.
Fuse connector
Caution
y Before conducting the inspection, be sure that
the battery is fully charged. If undercharged,
the current changes dramatically.
y Use a fully charged battery having a voltage
larger than 13.0 V
y While starting the engine, the starter motor
draws large amount of current from the
battery.
After the engine is warmed up, replace original
battery with a fully charged battery.
Connect a digital voltmeter to the battery
terminals.
Connect an ammeter between both ends of the
main fuse.
Caution
y When the probe is reversibly connected, use a
voltmeter having an indication that the current
flows from the positive or the negative
direction and the measurement should be at
zero, ammeter at one direction only.
Caution
y Do not use short-circuit cable.
y It is possible to measure the current by
connecting an ammeter between the battery
positive terminal and the cable position
terminal, however, while the starter motor is
activated, the surge current the motor draws
from the battery may damage the ammeter.
Use the kick starter to start the engine.
y The main switch shall be turned to OFF
position during the process of inspection.
Never tamper with the ammeter and the cable
while there is current flowing through. It may
damage the ammeter.
17-8
The following problems are related to the charging
system, follow the instructions provided in the
checking list to correct it if any one of the problems
takes place.
1. The charging voltage can not exceed the
voltage between two battery terminals and the
charging current is in the discharging direction.
2. The charging voltage and current are too much
higher than the standard values.
The following problems are not related to the
charging system; correct it if any by following
steps indicate in the checking list.
(1) The standard charging voltage and current
can only reach when the revolution of the
engine exceeds the specified rpm.
- Bulbs used exceed their rate and consume
too much power.
- The replacement battery is aged and does
not have enough capacity.
(2) The charging voltage is normal, but the
current is not.
- The replacement battery is aged and does
not have enough capacity.
- Battery used do not have enough electricity
or is over charged.
- The fuse of the ammeter is blown.
- The ammeter is improperly connected.
(3) The charging current is normal, but the
voltage is not.
-The fuse of the voltmeter is blown.
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Ignition System
Ignition circuit diagram
Main switch
B/G
R
Side stand
switch
W/R
B
Fuse 20A
Power relay
G
L/W
R/Y
Engine stop
switch
Resistor
R
Fuse 15A
Ignition coil
R
Thermo
switch
G/B
W/Y
B/Y
L/Y
G/W
Battery
Transistor
ignition
Red
Black
Green
Yellow
W
L
P
G
R/G
R/G
AC. G.
R
B
G
Y
Y/P
Heater
Auto by start
G
White
Blue
Pink
Tachometer
Transistor ignition coupler
Ignition coil (B/Y)
Auto by-start (Y/P)
Plus coil - (G/W)
Plus coil + (L/Y)
Battery + (R/Y)
Tachometer (R/G)
Ground (G)
Inspection on transistor ignition
┼
─
G/W
G/W
(KΩ)
B/Y
Y/P
R/Y
G
R/G
L/Y
20~150
∞
50~200
10~100
50~200
50~200
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
∞
5~30
0.1~5
50~200
10~100
10~100
B/Y
∞
Y/P
∞
∞
R/Y
50~200
10~100
∞
G
10~100
5~30
∞
10~100
R/G
50~200
10~100
∞
0.1~5
5~30
L/Y
50~200
10~100
∞
50~200
10~100
50~200
50~200
17-9
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Inspection on ignition coil
Remove the luggage box.
Disengage the connector of the ignition coil and
the spark plug cap.
Measure the resistance between the terminals of
the primary winding.
Standard resistance: 0.17±10% Ω
Remove the cap from the spark plug and measure
the resistance between the spark plug and the
primary winding.
Standard resistance:
Without cap
9 ± 20% KΩ
With cap
14.1 ± 20% KΩ
Spark plug cap
Replacement on ignition coil
Ignition coil
Loosen 2 screws and replace the ignition coil if
necessary.
Inspection of pulse generator
Disconnect the coupler of the pulse generator and
measure the resistance between the terminals of
green/white and blue/yellow.
Standard resistance: 480~550Ω
Please refer to the Section 10 for disassembly of
coil.
17-10
Pulse generator coupler
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Starting System
Starting circuit diagram
Main switch
Front brake switch
Fuse 20A
Brake light
G/Y
B
R
Rear brake switch
R
Fuse 20A
Start relay
Y/R
G
Battery
Start switch
Side stand switch
W/R
B/G
R
B
G
Y
Red
Black
Green
Yellow
W
L
SB
O
White
Blue
Sky blue
Orange
L/W
Start motor
SB/O
Engine stop relay
Engine stop switch
Side stand lamp
Inspection on starter relay
Open the main switch.
Press the brake.
Push down the starter switch.
If a sound of “Looh Looh” is heard, it indicates the
relay function normally.
Open the inner box lid, and remove battery cover.
Disconnect the negative cable terminal of the
battery.
Remove the luggage box.
Disconnect the cable positive terminal from the
start relay.
17-11
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Disconnect the positive cable of the starter motor.
Disconnect the coupler of the relay.
Connect an ohmmeter to the large terminal end.
Connect the yellow/red cable to the battery
positive terminal and the green/yellow cable to the
battery negative terminal.
Check the continuity of the large terminal end.
If there is no continuity, replace the relay.
Removal of Starter motor
Turns off the main switch
Remove the luggage box.
Disconnect the coupler of the start relay.
Disconnect the cable negative terminal of the
battery.
Disconnect the starter motor power cable.
Loosen 2 bolts & remove starter motor.
Installation of starter motor
Install in reverse order of removal procedures.
17-12
2 bolts
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17. Electrical System
Meters
Meter circuit diagram
Meter
(Ignition)
Fuse 15A
R
O
Turn right indicator
SB
Turn left indicator
L
High beam indicator
L/W
Side stand warning
light
W/B
Foggy right indicator
Main switch
Fuse 20A
B
Charge
indicator
REG. REC.
R
Y/L
Eng. temperature
indicator
Thermo sensor
Battery
G/L
Fuel indicator
Fuel unit
Y/W
Meter illumination
BR
Speed sensor
G/P
O/B
GR/W
R/G
Speedometer
G
Sense 5 bolts of the disk
G
Meter coupler
Transistor ignition
Tachometer
R
B
G
Y
P
BR
Red
Black
Green
Yellow
Pink
Brown
W
L
SB
O
GR
White
Blue
Sky blue
Orange
Gray
Wire harness coupler
10
1
11
20
1
10
11
20
Wire harness coupler
Red
Black
Green
Green /
Pink
Red /
Green
Yellow
/ White
Gray /
White
Orange
/ black
BATT+
IGN+
BATT-
SP-
RPM
Fuel+
SP+
SP
Blue
Yellow
/ Blue
Brown
Orange
Sky
Blue
White /
Black
Green /
Blue
Brown
Hi-beam
Charge
ILLUMI.
Turn-R
Turn-L
Foggy
TEMP.
LUGG.
Box
Green
GND.
Blue /
White
Side
stand
17-13
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Removal of meter
Remove wind screen garnish, wind screen, meter
visor, front cover, meter visor.
(Refer chapter 13)
Disconnect the coupler of the speedometer, and
take off the meter panel and meter.
Meter coupler
Loosen 4 screws from meter panel.
Remove the speedometer.
Installation of meter
Install in reverse order of removal procedures
17-14
4 screws
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Light / Bulb
Headlight and foggy light circuit diagram
(Headlight)
Fuse 15A
R
B
G
R/W
Position & meter
illumination light
Red
Black
Green
W
L
BR
Lo-beam light
Lo-beam relay
Light switch
Beam switch
BR
White
Blue
Brown
G
W
W
L/W
Hi-beam light
Hi-beam relay
Main switch
Fuse 20A
G
L
L
B
Passing switch
B
(Foggy & fan)
Fuse 15A
Hi-beam indicator
Foggy right indicator
Foggy switch
R
R/L
G
W/B
Key relay
R
G
Foggy right
R/L
Thermo switch
B/L
G
Fan
Battery
Winker light circuit diagram
(Ignition)
Fuse 15A
R
B
G
R
Red
Black
Green
O
SB
Orange
Sky blue
R. winker indicator
FR. R. winker light
Main switch
B
Fuse 20A
O
B
SB
R
Winker switch
O
RR. R. winker light
SB
FR. L. winker light
Winker &
Hazard control
unit
RR. L. winker light
Battery
L. winker indicator
17-15
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17. Electrical System
Replacement headlight bulbs
Remove wind screen garnish, wind screen, meter
visor, front cover.
(Refer chapter 13)
Disconnect the rubber sleeve and the terminal
coupler from the headlight.
Loosen 1 screw from the headlight bulb setting
stay.
Remove setting stay and take out the headlight
bulb.
Replace with new bulb if necessary.
Specification:
Lo-beam bulb
12V 55W (H7)
Hi-beam bulb
12V 55W (H7)
Caution
Coupler
1 screw
Lo-beam
Setting stay
Coupler
1 screw
y Never touch the bulb with finger, which will
create a heat point.
y Clean the fingerprint left on the bulb with
alcohol.
Hi-beam
Setting stay
Installation
Install the bulb of the headlight in reverse order of
removal.
Upon completion of replacement, turn on the main
switch to ensure the headlight works well.
Adjust the beam and distance of the headlight if
necessary.
Lo-beam adjustment screw
Hi-beam adjustment screw
17-16
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Replacement the front winker light and
foggy light bulb
Front winker light
Remove wind screen garnish, wind screen, meter
visor, front cover.
(Refer chapter 13)
Foggy light
Disconnect the rubber sleeve and turn the foggy
light bulb seat in C.C.W. direction to remove the
bulb seat and bulb.
Turn the winker light bulb seat in C.C.W. direction
to remove the bulb seat and bulb.
Replace with new bulb if necessary.
Specification:
Foggy light bulb
12V 27W
Winker light bulb
12V 21W
Replacement the rear winker light bulb
Foggy light bulb
Front winker light bulb
Rear winker light
Remove the luggage box.
Turn the winker light bulb seat in C.C.W. direction
to remove the bulb seat and bulb.
Presses the bulb, counterclockwise rotation and
remove it.
Replace with new bulb if necessary.
Specification:
Winker light bulb
12V 21W
17-17
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17. Electrical System
Replacement the meter bulbs
Remove the meter board waterproofing rubber.
Indicator bulb
Uses the “-“ screw driver turn the indicator bulb
seat in C.C.W. direction, and take out the indicator
bulb.
Uses the round nose pliers turn the illumination
bulb seat in C.C.W. direction, and take out the
illumination bulb.
Specification:
Indicator bulb
12V 1.7W
Illumination bulb
12V 1.7W
17-18
Illumination bulb
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Switch / Horn
2 blots
Main switch
Inspection
Remove the front cover.
Disconnect the main switch coupler.
Check the continuity between two points as
indicted below
Pin
BAT
BAT1
BAT2
Position
LOCK
Main switch coupler
OFF
ON
Wire Color
Red
Black
Blake
Replacement of main switch
Remove main switch cap.
Disconnect the coupler of the main switch and
loosen the mounting bolts (3 bolts).
Remove the main switch.
Install the new main switch and tighten the
mounting bolts.
Install the main switch coupler and cap.
1 blot
Right handle switch
Remove the handle cover and front cover.
Disconnect the coupler of right handle switch.
Check the continuity between two points as
indicated in the table below
Headlight switch
Pin
TL
Position
CI
HL
CI
Black
Blue
/White
Headlight switch
Engine stop switch
●
Wire Color
Brown Black
Start and engine stop switch
Pin
ST
E
Position
Start switch
Right handle switch coupler
ST
E
FREE
Wire Color
Black
Black Yellow Sky blue/
/Green / Red Orange
17-19
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
High and low beam switch
Left handle switch
Remove the handle cover and front cover.
Disconnect the coupler of left handle switch.
Check the continuity between two points as
indicated in the table below
High and low beam switch
Pin
LO
Position
HL
HI
Horn switch
Wire color
Winker switch
Pin
Position
White
Blue /
White
Blue
Left handle switch coupler
R
WR
L
Sky blue
Gray
Orange
FROM R
N PUSH OFF
FROM L
Wire color
Brake Switch
While grasp the brake lever firmly, the terminals of
white/green and green/yellow of the brake should
have continuity.
Replace the switch if damaged.
Horn
Remove the front cover and front under spoiler.
Apply 12 V power source to two terminals of the
horn, the horn should sound.
Replace the horn if necessary.
Horn
17-20
Brake switch
Winker switch
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Fuel Unit
Fuel unit
Open the seat.
Remove the luggage box.
Remove the rear carrier.
Remove right & left side cover.
Remove the body cover
Remove the floor panel.
Disconnect the coupler of the fuel unit.
Loosen 4 bolts from fuel unit and remove it.
Caution
y Great care shall be taken not to damage or
bend the float arm of the gauge.
Fuel unit coupler
When the float arm shifts to the F position or the E
position, the resistance measured shall be as
follows:
Position
Resistance
E (Empty)
97.5~107.5 Ω
F (Full)
4~10 Ω
Connect the wiring to the fuel unit and the
ohmmeter as shown.
Connect the fuel unit coupler to the wire harness.
Turn on the main switch.
Move the float arm to verify the proper position the
fuel gauge needle indicates.
Arm Position
Needle Position
Up (Full)
F (Full)
Down (Empty)
E (Empty)
Full
Caution
y While conducting the test, turn on the direction
indication lamp to make sure that the battery is
in serviceable condition.
Empty
17-21
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Cooling Fan Thermo Switch
The thermo switch mounted on the radiator
controls the operation of the cooling fan motor.
In case that the fan motor fails to work, disconnect
the green and black/blue leads and connect jump
wires to the terminals, then, turn on the main
switch, the fan motor should operate.
If the fan motor still fails to run, measure battery
voltage between the green and black / blue leads.
If there is no voltage, check for blown fuse, loose
connection or short-circuit.
If the fan motor runs, check the thermo switch in
the manner as described below:
Hang the thermo switch on the bowl filled with
coolant to check the switch’s opening and closing
temperatures, confirm the switch is open circuited
at room temperature, increase the coolant
temperature gradually. The switch should have a
continuity at 95-101℃.
Caution
y Keep the coolant at a constant temperature at
least for three minutes. Sudden increase the
coolant temperature will cause the
thermometer and the tester to indicate wrong
readings.
y Never let the thermometer and the thermo
switch contact the wall of the bowl, which may
result in wrong readings.
y The thermo switch shall be placed in the
coolant until the teeth are completely
submerged.
17-22
Thermo switch
Thermo switch
Thermometer
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Thermo Sensor
Thermo sensor
Remove the thermo unit.
Hang the thermo unit in an oil heater, heat the oil
and measure the resistance at each temperature.
Temperature
50°C
80°C
100°C
120°C
Standard (Ω) 134~149 47.5~57.0 26~29 14.8~17.2
Caution
y Wear gloves and goggles when performing
this test.
Caution
y Engine oil should be used as a heating
medium as the test temperature must be
higher than 100℃.
y Contacting the container wall by the
thermometer and the thermo unit may result in
wrong readings.
Thermo sensor
Water Temperature Meter
Disconnect the thermo sensor coupler and
connect it to engine ground.
Turn on the main switch.
The needle of the water temperature meter should
move to other end, H position.
Caution
y Do not ground the water temperature more
than 5 seconds, or the meter will be damaged.
17-23
To this chapter contents
17. Electrical System
Note:
17-24
Home page
Contents
18. Emission Control System
Names of Mechanisms in the Emission
Control System······································ 18-1
Function of Mechanisms in the Emission
Control System······································ 18-1
Secondary Air Introduction System ··· 18-5
Positive Crankcase Ventilation System
(P.C.V.) ·················································· 18-8
Inspection Items··································· 18-9
Fuel Evaporative Emission Control System Countermeasure for Emission Pollutants
(E.E.C.) ··················································· 18-2 Not Within Standard as In Idle Speed
Catalytic Converting System (CATA)··· 18-4 (4-Stroke Engine) ································· 18-10
Names of Mechanisms in the Emission Control System
Four-Stroke Engine Model
1. Catalyst converter (CATA.)
2. Evaporative Emission Control System (E.E.C.)
3. Air Injection System (A.I.)
4. Positive Crankcase Ventilation System (P.C.V.)
Function of Mechanisms in the Emission Control System
General
The emission control strategy of this model was formulated basing on a four-stroke SOHC carburetor
single cylinder engine. It adopts secondary air introducing device to purify the exhaust, in addition, it also
adopts a charcoal canister to absorb the fuel vapor generated through evaporation in the fuel system.
※
Engine refinements-
Four Valves designed combustion chamber, together with optimum compression ratio, ignition timing,
intake and exhaust timing, have all contributed to maximize the intake/exhaust efficiency and
combustion efficiency.
※
Secondary air introducing system-
It is used to introduce secondary air into exhaust manifold so that incomplete burned exhausts, CO &
HC, may be burned again and to be harmless gases.
System
Device
Combustion
chamber
Combustion
chamber
Exhaust
system
Post-treatment
device
Evaporative
E.E.C. system emission control
system
Components
Purpose & function
The semi-circular combustion chamber is
4-valve combustion
designed to balancing the air stream to achieve
chamber
the combustion stability.
Catalytic converter
Installed a three-way catalytic converter in the
middle of exhaust pipe to oxidize the CO, HC in
the exhaust gas.
A canister is used to absorb vapor from fuel tank
Charcoal canister
and to introduce it into carburetor at an
Purge control valve
opportune timing.
A.I. system
Air inject cut-valve
Secondary
air-injection system Secondary air filter
To introduce flesh air into exhaust manifold
controlled by an air cut-valve to burn the
exhaust again.
P.C.V. system
Crankcase blow-by
Vapor separator
introducing device
To introduce blow-by into combustion chamber
via a vapor separator for burning then
discharging.
18-1
18
To this chapter contents
18. Emission Control System
Fuel Evaporative Emission Control System (E.E.C.)
1. Construction:
y Reduce HC to pollute air.
y To absorber fuel vapor and saving fuel consumption
Fuel tank cap (closed type)
Fuel vapor separator
Fuel tank
Vacuum hose
Fuel hose
Automatic control
fuel cup
Vapor hose
Vapor purge
control solenoid
Blow-by hose
Air cleaner
Active carbon
canister
Flesh air inlet
Engine
Flesh air
Fuel
Fuel vapor
Vacuum
2. Principle of operation
● Vapor generated in fuel tank and fuel system through evaporation is contained in the confined
system to prevent it from escaping into the atmosphere, at the same time, the vapor will be
introduced into a charcoal canister where the hydrocarbon in the vapor will be absorbed by active
carbon.
● When engine is running, the negative pressure of intake opens the purge line, breaks HC off from
active carbon and then sucks it into engine together with air from bottom of the canister.
● The canister can be used repeatedly without reducing its performance because of the system's
purge function.
3. Trouble Diagnosis:
Fuel can not flow to carburetor
● No fuel in the fuel tank
● loosen vacuum hose of the fuel pump
● plugged hose in the system
4. Cautions:
● Do not exceed the reed valve of the fuel filler when filling out fuel.
● Do not have rush acceleration or running in high speed when applying the spare fuel.
18-2
To this chapter contents
18. Emission Control System
Evaporative Emission Control System (EEC)
1. Visual check:
1) Check the outside of canister for damage.
2) Check all hoses for breakage.
2. Leak test:
1) Disconnect the Vapor purge control solenoid hose, and connect a T-type hose connector to a
pressure gauge and a pressure source as shown below:
Fuel tank
Pressure gauge
Pressure source
Active carbon canister
Plugged
2) Plug canister vent.
3) Apply 100mmAq into pressure source inlet then plug it. The pressure at the gauge should not
drop to below 10mmAq within 10 seconds.
3. PCV Function Test
1) Disconnect the hose of connection to the active carbon canister, and then connect a T-type hose
connector to pressure source as shown below:
Pressure gauge
engine vacuum
To air filter
Pressure source
Vapor purge control solenoid
2) Apply 100mmAq into pressure source inlet as engine stopped then plug it. The pressure at the
gauge should not drop to below 10mmAq within 10 seconds.
18-3
To this chapter contents
18. Emission Control System
Catalytic Converting System (CATA)
1. Construction:
Catalytic converter
Engine
Exhaust muffler
2. Description:
1) The function of the catalytic converter is to transfer unburned CO, HC, and NOx harmless CO2, H2O,
N2 gases.
2) Pt, Pd, Rh…etc. precious metals are used into the catalytic converter so use only unleaded
gasoline to prevent from cause the catalytic converter to fail.
18-4
To this chapter contents
18. Emission Control System
Secondary Air Introduction System
4. Construction
Secondary air filter
Carburetor
Intake valve
Flesh air
Vacuum hose
Engine
Cylinder head
Reed valve
Flesh air
Mixture gas
First burn exhaust
Purged exhaust gas
Vacuum
Exhaust valve
Air injection cut valve
Exhaust pipe
This system contained AICV (air Injection Cut Valve), R/V (Reed Valve) and other intake components.
2. Principle of operation:
y Secondary air is introduced into exhaust manifold so that CO and HC in the exhaust will be burned
again under a state of rich oxygen and appropriate temperature and be turned into harmless CO2,
H2O.
y The opening and closing of the exhaust valve can generate a positive or a negative pressure pulse
inside a motorcycle's exhaust system. Exhaust gas is controlled by a reed valve. When pressure
inside the exhaust manifold is negative, reed valve will be sucked open by the negative pressure
and outside air will enter to mix with CO, HC, thus generating a secondary burn reaction and
turning them into harmless gases. When pressure inside the exhaust manifold is positive, reed
valve will close to prevent exhaust back up and enter into the secondary air cleaner.
y Air cut-off valve (AICV) will cut off the secondary air supply during engine fuel returning cycle to
reduce after-burning noises.
18-5
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18. Emission Control System
3. Service Points/Trouble Diagnosis:
Diesel
a. Malfunction of air inject cut valve (AICV).
b. System hose leakage.
c. abnormal ignition timing.
d. lean mixture gas.
e. abnormal fuel supply.
Rich Exhaust Gas:
a. plugged air-jet by dirty carburetor.
b. poor adjustment of air adjustment screw.
c. poor reed valve.
d. System hose leakage or plugged.
Noise:
a. System hose leakage.
b. Loosen secondary air injection filter.
c. Loosen secondary air injection filter hose.
4. AI System Service methods:
a. Visual check:
y Check reed valve, air cut-off valve, secondary air cleaner for outside damages.
y Check metal pipes and hoses for breakage and cracks.
b. Leak test:
Pressure gauge
Secondary air injection filter
(A.I.A.C.)
To engine vacuum
source
To reed valve
(R/V)
Pressure source
Air inject cut valve (AICV)
y Plug the hose leading to reed valve.
y Remove the hose of connection to air injection cut valve. Connect a T-type hose connector,
pressure gauge and pressure source as shown above.
y With engine stopped, apply 1.0kg/cm2 pressure to inlet and then plug it. There should be no
leakage.
18-6
To this chapter contents
18. Emission Control System
1. Warm-up test:
y Start engine.
y Remove the air injection filter.
y Check the air inlet if there is air-sucking sounds during idling (should hear Bo-Bo-Bo sound).
Air injection cut valve
Carburetor
Air inlet
Reed valve
Air filter
Secondary air inject
filter
Exhaust muffler
Cylinder head
Engine
y If no sound is heard, remove air cut-off valve, and connect a vacuum meter to air pipe to check for
leakage.
Vacuum gauge
Carburetor
Reed valve
Air injection cut
valve
Secondary air inject
filter
Engine
Air filter
Cylinder head
Exhaust muffler
y If there is no vacuum, replace reed valve and test again.
y If there is no vacuum, check the air pipe for leakage, plugged or loose.
18-7
To this chapter contents
18. Emission Control System
Positive Crankcase Ventilation System (P.C.V.)
1. Construction
Flesh air
Fuel vapor separator
Blow-by pipe
Exhaust pipe
Carburetor
Air filter
Crankcase
Cylinder
head
Flesh air
Mixture gas
Blow-by
Engine oil
Piston
2. Principle of operation:
y Install a separated chamber on cylinder head, and suck the blow-by gas to the fuel vapor separator
by engine vacuum.
y Drill a hole in the air cleaner and install a vapor separator, so that blow-by from crankcase will flow
through a cylinder check valve and then separated by the separator.
y The separated vapor will be sucked into combustion chamber by engine negative pressure to be
burned again instead of discharging into atmosphere. Drain liquidized fuel in the drain pipe
periodically.
3. Service Methods
Visual check:
y Remove drain plug to drain the fuel when fuel level on the drain pipe reaches 80 % full.
y Check connecting hose for damage and looseness.
18-8
To this chapter contents
18. Emission Control System
Inspection Items
Secondary air injection system
1. Visual inspect the reed valve, air injection cut valve, and secondary air filter as well as hoses for
damage.
2. Leaking check.
3. Warm-up running check.
Fuel Evaporation Control System
1. Visual inspect the carbon canister and hoses for damage.
2. Leaking check.
3. Function test of the purge control solenoid.
Catalytic converter
1. Check if exhaust gas content is within standard.
2. Remove the exhaust pipe and shake it gently for noise.
Fuel Supply System
1. Clean the air filter.
2. Check the air filter.
3. Clean the carburetor fuel jet, air jet and all circuit with air gun or specified solvent.
4. Check the float level of carburetor.
5. Adjust CO/HC values at idling. (engine rpm must be within specification)
Ignition system
1. Spark plug check and replacement.
2. Ignition coil check and replacement.
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18. Emission Control System
Countermeasure for Emission Pollutants Not Within Standard as In Idle
Speed (4-Stroke Engine)
Conduct periodical inspection
(check one time for 1500 km/6
months)
Test exhaust contents at idling
(note 1)
Adjustment carburetor (note 2)
Clean the carburetor
(SJ, MJ, SAJ, MAJ)
Replace the carburetor
Keep the CO value in
1.5~4.5% (note 3) by adjusting
the carburetor.
Clean the carbon deposit in
cylinder and combustion
chamber.
Check piston rings for seized
or leaking.
Clean or replace the muffler.
Inspect other related
mechanism on the engine
Note 1: Test it according to the idling test procedure.
Note 2: Adjustment the idle adjustment screw. Set the engine rpm in specified speed, and test CO, HC
at idling. And then adjust the air adjustment screw at the same time to let CO value to be
1.5~4.5%.
Note 3: If the values still can not be reached to specification after adjusted the carburetor, then clean or
replace it with new one according to the procedures.
18-10
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19. Electrical Diagram
LA25W 電路圖
18
19-1
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19. Electrical Diagram
Note:
19-2
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