Buick | 1993 Skylark | Owner`s manual | Buick 1993 Skylark Owner`s manual

E
The 1993 Buick Skylark
Owner's Manual
Litho inU.S.A.
Part No. 25603820 A First Edition
@Copyright General Motors Corporation
1992
All Rights Reserved
1
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERALMOTORS,GMandthe
BUICK,
and
the
BUICK
Emblem
are
registered
GM Emblem,
WESUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CE#TIFICAtK)NTHROUGH
Natron& lnmtute fot
AUTOMOTIVE
LPERVICE
CXCOLLENCI
This manual includesthe latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For vehicles
first sold in Canada, substitutethe name "General Motors
of Canada Limited" for Buick Motor Division whenever it
. . .. .
For.Canadian Owners,%Who
Prefer a
French Language Manual:
3
Walter Marr.and Thomas But&
before the company had
built 40. On Bnick’s
succdss, Durant createda
holding company,
September 16, 1908. He
called it General Motors.
William C.(Billy)Durant
4’
. , ,. .,,_
Motor Trend magazine namedthe 1962 Buick Special
“Car of the Year”. The first production V-6 engine was
used in the Special.
I
i
1
Ed Mertz, GeneralManager, Buick Motor Division
Our mission is simple:
1962 Buick Special
Built insidethe walls of the old buildings in Buick’s
former Flint complex, which formed the cornerstone
of
General Motors, Buick City is a state-of-the-art
200 robots and other
assembly facility with more than
high-tech equipment.It was completed inthe fall
of 1985.
Buicks are, and will continueto be, premium American
motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich
detail and comfortable accommodation.
“Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars
backed with services that exceedour customers’
expectations, throughoutthe purchase, ownership,
service and repurchase experience.”
Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL.
Buicks are DISTINCTIVE.
Buicks are POWERFUL.
Buicks are MATURE.
7
,"
I
1923 Sport Roadster
Table of Contents
How to Use this Manual
.................................................................
10
This part tells you how to use your manual and includes safety and vehicle damage warnings & symbols.
............................ .:....................................
This part tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly.
FeaturesandControls ..................................................................
This part explains how to start and operate your Buick.
Comfort Controls and AudioSystems .....................................................
This part tells you how to adjust the ventilation & comfort controls and how to operate your sound system.
YourDrivingandtheRoad ..............................................................
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad ..................................................................
This part tells you what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or engine overheating.
ServiceandAppearanceCare ............................................................
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good.
Maintenanceschedule ..................................................................
This part tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
CustomerAssistance Information ........................................................
Seats and Safety Belts
13
61
119
137
185
215
265
285
This part tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and how to get service publications. It also gives
you information on “Reporting Safety Defects.’’
Index
................................................................................
293
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
9
How to Use This Manual
You will
also
find
red
acircle
with
this book.
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to endwhen they ,first receive their new vehicle.
This will help you learn about the features and controls for
your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures
and words work together to explain things quickly.
a slash
through it in
This safety symbol means
“Don’t,’’ “Don’tdo this,”
or “Don’t let this happen.”
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use yellow andthe word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
In the yellow caution area, we tell you what the hazard
is. Then we tell you what do
to to help avoid or reduce
the hazard. Please read these cautions.
If you don’t, you
or others could be hurt.
10
I
Vehicle Damage Warnings
-
- - - x ,in
-
this bookJ :z -.-:ill find these blue notices:
In the blue notice area, we tell you about something that
can damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage
would not be covered by your warranty, and
it could be
costly. But the notice will tell you what
to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warningsin different colors or
in different words. In this manual, we’ve usedthe
familiar words and colors that Buick has used
for years.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same colors, andthe words CAUTION or NOTICE.
11
~
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you will.find -onyour vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used onan
original battery:
CAUTION
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle- is
driven:
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
ENGINE
COOLANT
TEMP
'''
C I
WINDSHIELD
.
Q 4
FASTEN
CAUSTIC
BA~~RY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
e9
SEAT
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
WASHER
HIGH
FOG LAMPS
#0
Ltft,
-EQ
@
FUEL
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
VENTILATING
FAN
HEADLAMP
WASHER
WIPER
CONDITIONING
AIR
RADIATOR
COOLANT
TRUNK
HATCHBACK
RELEASE
e,
LIGHTERi1
&
OL
I
TEMP
ANTILOCK
BRAKE
L
12
k
e
a
wI*DsHIELDw
8
=o 3f
=
OR
BEAM
,\I/,
pq
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
REAR
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
POWER
WINDOW
RAD10
VOLUME
-tO-1
DEFROSTER
BELTS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
TU-RN
SIGNALS
F-
FUSE
0s
INJURY
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
*
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
(@)
HORN
SPEAKER
Part 1 Seats And Safety Belts
Here you’ll find information about
the seats in your Buick and how to use your safety belts properly
. You can also
not do with safety belts.
learn about some things you should
.
Part 1 includes:
SeatsandSeatControls .............................................................
.....
HeadRestraints .............................................................
SafetyBelts .They’reforEveryone ...................................................
WhySafetyBeltsWork .............................................................
Questions Many People Ask About Safety Belts ..........................................
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly ....................................................
Adults ............................................................................
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lap-ShoulderBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PassengerPositions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SmallerChildrenandBabies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ChildRestraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LargerChildren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SafetyBeltExtender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking Your RestraintSystem ......................................................
Replacing Safety.Belts After a Crash ...................................................
14
18
21
23
27
28
28
29
29
35
36
44
44
46
56
59
59
60
13
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.z :
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’
Seats and Seat Controls
This section tellsyou about the seats-- how to adjust
them, and also about reclining front seatbacks, and head
restraints.
I
Manual Seat
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manualdriver’s seat while the vehicleis
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push apedal when
you don’t want to. Adjust the
driver’s seat only
w’ n the vehicle is not mo\-’-g.
I
1
I
Move the lever underthe front seat to unlock it. Slide
the seat to where you want it. Then release the lever and
try to move the seat with your body, to make sure the
seatislockedinplace.
Four Way Manual Seat - Drivers Seat Only
(Option)
Manual Lumbar Support
(Gran Sport - Driver's Seat Only)
If you have this feature,
you have the lumbar
control on the right sideof
the seatback.
If you have this option,you have two levers under the
front edge of the seat. The lever near the outerside of
the seat unlocks the seat allowing it to slide forward and
backs The lever nearthe center allows you to tilt the seat
up and down.
Rotate the control clockwise(to the right) to increase the
~.
the
lumbar back support.To decrease theS U D D O ~ rotate
control counterciockwise(to the left).
1 1
'
15
t
itting in a reclined osition when our v
is in fflotion can
But don’t have a seatback reclined
if your vehicle is
moving.
17
CAUTION: (Continued)
The, shoulderbelt can't do its job because it
won't be againstyour body. Instead, it willbe in
front of you. In a crash you coulddo into it,
receiving neck or otherinjuries.
The lap belt can't.do its job either. In a crash'the
belt couldgo up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there,not at your pelvic bones.
This couldcause serious internal injuries.
For properprotection when the vehicleis in
motion, have the seatbackupright. Then sit well
back in the seat and wear you afety belt
properly.
Head Restraints
Y
Slide the head restraint
up or downso that the topof the
restraint is closest to thetop of your ears.
This position reduces the chance
of a neck injury in a
crash.
Front Seatback Latches(Two-Door Models)
The front seatback folds forward to let people get into
the back seat.
Your seatback will move back and forth freely, unless
you come to a sudden stop. Then it will lock in place.
There's one timethe seatback may not fold without
some helpfrom you. That's if your vehicle is parked
going down a fairly steep hill.
To fold a front seatback
forward, push the
seatl&k toward the
re& '&$.: you l i t .this :
latch. Then the
,seatbak will fold
forward. The latch
must be down for the
seat to work. .properly.
j '
,
19
Folding Rear Seatback (Option)
-.
Withfolding
rear
the
seatbacks you can carry
long cargo by folding down
part or allof the rear seat.
Pull this strapto fold down
theseatback.
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1
E
When you fold the seatback up, push the of
topthe seat.
20
Easy Entry Seat Option (Two-DoorModels)
Safety Belts: They’reFor Everyone
The right front seatof your vehicle makes it easy to get
in and outof the rear seat.
This part of the manual tells you howto use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some thingsyou should notdo
with safety belts.
When you tilt the right front seatback fully forward,
the whole seat willslide forward.
After someone getsinto the rear seat area, move the
right frontseatback to its original position. Then
move the seat rearward untilit locks.
If an easy entry right frontseat isn’t locked, it
can move. In a sudden stop orcrash, the person
sitting there could be injured. After you’ve used
it, be sure to push rearward on an easy entry
seat to be sure it is locked.
@
/!\ CAUTION:
~
I
Don’t let anyone ride where they can’t wear a
safety belt properly. If youare in a crash and
you’re not wearing a safety belt, your injuries can
be much worse. You can hit things insidethe
vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be
seriously injured orkilled. In the same crash,you
might notbe if you are buckled up. Always fasten
your safety belt, and check that your passengers’
belts are fastened properly too.
I
To get out, again tilt the seatback fully forward.
21
I
Why SafetyBelts Work
When you ride in or on anything,you go as fast asit
goes.
When the bike hits the block,
it stops. But the child
keeps going!
For example, if the bike is going10 mph (16 km/h), so
is the child.
23
f
Take the simplest "cat" Suppose it's just a seat on
wheels.
24
or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts,you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time tostop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones takethe forces. That's why
safety belts make such good sense.
of them. Every “airbag’’
safety belts, not instead
system ever offeredfor sale has required the useof
safety belts. Even if you’rein a vehicle that has “air
bags,” you still haveto buckle up to getthe most
protection. That’strue not only in frontal collisions,
but especiallyin side and other collisions.
Here Are Questions Many People Ask
About Safety Belts and the
Answers
--
Won’t I be trapped in the vehicleafter .an
accident if I’m wearinga safety belt?
A:
Q:
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But youcan easily unbuckle a safety
belt, evenif you’re upside down. And your chance
of being consciousduring and after an accident, so
youunbuckle
and get out, is muchgreater if
you are belted.
Why don’t theyjust put in air bags so people
won’t have to wear safety belts?
“Air bags,” or Supplemental Inflatable Restraint
systems, are in some vehicles today and will in
be
more of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only-- so they work with
&:
A:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drivefar from
home, why should I wearsafety belts?
You may be an excellent driver, but
if you’re in an,
accident -- even one that.isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, suchas bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety beltsare for everyone.
27
Safety Belt Warning Light
When the keyis turned
to “Run” or “Start,” a
tone will come onfor
about eight seconds to
remind peopleto fasten
their safety belts,
unless the driver’s
safety belt is buckled.
:The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on for
‘about’aminute. If the driver’s belt is buckled, neither
;the tone nor the light will come on.
How To Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This section is only for people
of adult size.
I
.El CAUTION:
There arespecial things to know about safety
belts and children. And there are different rules
for babies and smaller children. If a child willbe
riding in your Buick, seethe section after this
one, called “Children.” Follow those rules for
everyone’s protection.
=I
First, you’ll want toknow which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
If your safety b lig ever comes on or stays
on after the front doorsare closed and the
driver’s belt is buckled, haveyour vehicle fixed.
Ifyou don’t, you might not have the protection
you’d need in a crash.
~
~
~
Cars First Sold In Canada
Was your Buick first sold, when new, in Canada? it(If
was; a sticker on the driver’s
door will say “conformsto
...” etc.) If so, then
all applicable Canada motor v.ehicle
the rest of Part 1 does notapply to your vehicle.
Automatic Lap-Shoulder Belt
1
To learn how to use your safety belts, please read the
Owner’s Manual Safety BeltSupdement. It comes with
every new Buick first sold in Canada.
Driver Position
This section describes the driver’s restraint system.
This safety belt is called “automatic” because
you don’t
have to buckleup when you get into your vehicle.
29
n
And you don’t haveto unbuckle when you get out.
The lap belt should be
worn as low on the hips as
Just get into your vehicle. Then close and lock the door. possible. In a crash, this appliesforce to the strong
pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely to
slide
Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so
If you slid under
it, the belt would apply
orce
the
lap belt.
you can sit up straight.
at your abdomen. This could cause serious or even fatal
go over the shoulder
injuries. The shoulder belt should
parts of the body are best
and across the chest. These
able to take belt restraining forces.
Y
The safety belt locks if there’s
a sudden stop ora crash.
30
It’s possible thatan automatic belt could keep you from To reattach the automatic belt:
fully opening a door. That can happen if the door was
1. Close and lockthe door.
slammed shut very hard. Just close
the door all theway,
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” inthe Index)
then slowly open it.If that doesn’t fix it, then your
so you can sit up straight.
Buick needs service.
We hope you’ll always keep your automatic belt
it in an
buckled. However, you may need to unbuckle
emergency. To unbuckle the automatic belt,just push the
button on the buckle.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across
you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle untilit clicks.
31
/I\
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. Ina crash you would move forward
too much, which could significantly increase
injury. The shoulder belt should fit against your
&g
pE?
&;?::
body.
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@
What’s wrong with this?
n
1
/i\
CAUTION:
L
~
A:
You can be seriously injured ifyour belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. In a crash,
the belt wouldgo up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would be there,not at the pelvic
bones. Thiscould cause serious internalinjuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle nearest
you.
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
33
@’
What’s wrong with this?
n
A
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. In a crash,your
body would move too far forward,which would
increase the chance of head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t asstrong as shoulder bones.
You could alsoseverely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
i
Right Front Passenger Position
I
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,”
earlier in this part.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect
the
mother. When a safety beltis worn properly, it’s .more
in a crash. For
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt
pregnant women, as for anyone,the key to making
safety belts effectiveis wearing them properly.
36
I
Lap-Shoulder Belt
I
2. Push the latch plate intothe buckle until it clicks.
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
11
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’tletitgettwisted.
I
38
If the belt stops beforeit reaches the buckle, tilt the
latch plate and keep pulling until
you can buckle it.
If the belt is not long enough, see “Safety Belt
Make sure the
Extender’’ at the end of this section.
release buttonon the buckle faces upward or
outward so you would beable to unbuckle it quickly
if you ever had to.
n
n
..
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down'onthe buckle
end of the belt as you pull upon the shoulder part.
The safety beltlocks if there's a sudden stop or a crash.
39
A
Rear Safety BeltComfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash you would move forward
too much, whichcould increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against yourbody.
To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the
buckle.
I
Your .vehicle may be equipped with rear shoulder belt
comfort guides. This feature will provide added comfort
for children, who have outgrown child restraints, for
and
small adults.If your vehicledoes not have comfort
guides, you may ask your dealer to order and install
them for you. The comfort guides pull the shoulder belts
away fi-omthe neck and head.
There is one guidefor each outside passenger position in 2. Slide the guide under and past the belt.The elastic
the rear seat.You will find them tucked in between
the
cord must be under the belt. Then, place
.the guide
seat back and the interior body, about half-way down the
over the belt, and insertthe two edgesof the belt into
edge of the seat back. Here is how
you should installthe
the slots of the guide.
41
To remove and store the comfort guides,
just perform
these steps in reverse .order. Squeeze the belt edges
together so that you can take them outfrom the guides.
Pull the guide upward to expose its storage clip, and
then slide the guide onto the clip. Rotate the guide and
clip inward andin between the seat back and the interior
of elastic cord exposed.
body, leaving only the loop
Center Passenger Position
4. Buckle the belt aroundthe child, and make sure that
both the lap belt and the shoulder belt are secured
properly. Make sure thatthe shoulder belt crosses the
shoulder. See “Safety Belts, Rear’ Seat Passengers” in
the Index.
42
U
When you sit ina center seating position,you have a lap
To make the belt
safety belt, which has no retractor.
longer, tilt the latch plate and pullalong
it the belt.
Buckle, positionand release it the sameway as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt.If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender’’
at the end of this section.
To make the belt shorter, pull its
free end as shown until
the beltIs snug.
Make sure the release button on the buckle faces upward
or outward so you would be ableto unbuckle it quickly
if you ever had to.
43
Children
A
CAUTION:
Smaller children and babiesshould always be
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say whether it is
the right type and sizefor your child. A very
young child’s hipbones areso small that a
regular belt might not stay low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, thebelt will likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash the belt would apply
force right onthe child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatal injuries. So, be sure that
any child small enoughfor one is always
Droperly restrainedin a child or infant restra
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants andall children smaller than adult size. In fact,
the law in every state and Canadian province says
children upto some age must be restrained while in a
vehicle.
44
I
A
CAUTION:
Never hold a baby in your arms while riding ina
vehicle. A baby doesn’tweigh much until a
crash. During a crash a baby will become so
heavy you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-pound (5.5 kg)
baby will suddenly become a 240-pound (110 kg)
force onyour arms. The babywould be almost
impossible tohold.
--
L
Child Restraints
Be sure to followtheinstructions for the restraint.You
may find these instructionson the restraint itself or ain
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child
also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce the chance
of personal injury.
The instructions that come with
the infant or child
restraint will show you how to
do that.
1
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children
are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather than the
front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
is
child restraintin the rearseat .unless the child an
infant and you’re the only adult
in the vehicle. In that
in the front
case, you might want to secure the restraint
seat where you can keep aneye on the baby. ! . . ...: ;.
,
2
,
%
3,
#
;
:<.$
.
,
I
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
.
restraintproperly.
.
<
-
IA
CAUTION:
An unsecured child restraint can move around
in
a collision or sudden stop and injure peoplein
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle even when no childis
in it.
--
1. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
z4 ,Secure the childin the child restraintas the
.
:instructiom say.
3. Pull out the vehicle's safety belt and run the lap part
through or around the restraint.
The child restraint
instructions will show you how. Tilt the latch plate to
adjust the belt if needed.
See if the shoulder belt wouldgo in frontof the
child's face or neck. If so, put it behindthe child
restraint.
48
4. Buckle the belt. Make surethe release button faces
upward or outward,so you'll be able to unbuckle it
quickly if you ever need to.
5. To tighten the belt, pullup on the shoulder belt while
you push downon the child restraint.
To remove the child restraint,just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt andlet it go backall the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work
for an adult
or larger child passenger.
49
Securing: a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
Y
1. Make the. beltas long as possible by tilting the latch
plate a d pulling it along-thebelt.
When you securea child restraint ina center seating
position, you’ll be using the lap belt.
See the earlier section
about
.
Ft the to$ strap if the
child
. .: , ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ , ~ ~ . ‘ : ; , , $
restraint has one.
I..+*) +,“.#kg! ::.,.:
._
I ’
!,;F
.<
”
i
l..
r.:
,*
-~
2. Put the restrainton the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the childin the child restraint as the
instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button faces
upward or outward, so you’ll be able to unbuckle it
quickly if you ever needto.
6. To tighten the belt, pull itsfree end while you push
down on the child restraint.
I
51
Your dealer can get these and install the hardware for
you. It’s free. The special beltis GM Part Number
12340286. Your dealer can find the correct hardware
in
the accessory section of the GM Parts Catalog.
Si
To use a child restraint here, you will need a special
infant/child seat attaching belt and the hardware that
goes with it. See the earlier section about the top strap if
the child restraint has one.
I
Once the special hardwareis installed, please follow the
instructions withit and these steps:
2. Snap onehook of the infant/child seat attaching belt
near the floor at the door side of the seat.
1. Unbuckle the automatic lap-shoulder belt by pushing
the button on the buckle.
It will stay on the door, readyto be rebuckledfor use
by adults or older children.
53
4. You can make the belt longer by tilting the buckle
and pullingit along the belt.
5. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
6 . Secure the child in the child restraint
as the
instructions say.
7. Run the belt throughor around the child restraint.
The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
8. Put the hook on t k free end through the slot in the
9. To make it tight, pullthe belt while you push down
on the child restraint.If the belt won’t stay tight,
switch it end for end.
latch plate.
directions-to be sureit is secure.
55
Tu remove the infantlchild seat restraint:
1. Push the buttonon the safety belt buckleand remove
the special latch plate. Leavethe latch plateon the
special belt.
2. Push the spring on the hook near the door and
remove the special 'belt.
56
6
Children who have outgrown child restraints should
wear the vehicle's safety belts.
If you have the choice,a child should sit next to a
window so the child can weara lap-shoulder belt and
get the additional restraint
a shoulder belt can provide.
Accident statistics show that childrenare safer if they
are restrained in the rear seat. But they needto use the
safety belts properly.
0
Children who aren't buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
*
1I
Children who aren't buckkd up can strike other
people who are.
57
f&’ What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the childis so small that the shoulder beltis
very close to the child’sface OF neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center
of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt
still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide.
If the
child is so small that the shoulder belt is still very
close to the child’s face or neck, you might want to
place the childin the center seat position, the one
that has only a lap belt.
Wherever the childsits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low, snug below the hips, and
just
touching the child’s thighs.
This applies beltforce to the
Ghild’s pelvic bonesin a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should useit. The automatic lap-shoulder belt has plenty
of extra length builtin, so it will fasten around almost
all people.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When
you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coatyou will wear,so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extender will
be just for you, andjust for the seatin your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someoneelse use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wearit, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Here a childis sitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder partis behind
the child. If the child wears the beltin this way, in
a crash the child might slide under the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right
on the
child’s abdomen. That could cause seriousor
fatal injuries.’
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sureall your belts, buckles, latch
plates, retractors, anchorages and reminder systems are
working properly. Lookfor any loose partsor damage.
If you see anything that might keep
a restraint system
from doingits job, have it repaired.
59
Replacing Safety Belts Aftera Crash
e.' What's wrong with this?
If you've had a crash, do you need new belts?
'
1
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the belts were stretched,as they would be if worn
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
damage also may mean you will have to have safety belt
parts, like the retractor, replaced or anchorage locations
repaired -- even if the belt wasn't being used at the time
of the collision.
If your seat adjuster won't work after a crash, the special
part of the safety belt that goes through the seat to the
adjuster may need to be replaced.
A:
The belt is torn.
I
/!\ CAUTION:
Torn 'or frayed belts may not,lprotect you in a
crash. They caln rip apart under impact forces. It,
a belt is twn 'or ff rayed, g,eta new one right away.
Part 2 Features & Controls
The ignition keys are for
the ignition only.
Keys
CAUTION:
Leaving young childrenin a vehicle with the
ignition keyis dangerous for many reasons.A
child or others couldbe badly injuredor even
killed.
"
I
I
The door keys are for the
doors and all other locks.
I
62
a
From the inside: To lock
the door, slide the lock
control rearward.
.$Y''::;
' '
.;
,
4 ,
To unlock the door, slide the lock control forward.
Power Door Locks
Automatic Door Locks
Just close your doors and turn on the
ignition. All of the
doors will lock when you move your shift lever out
of
“P” (Park) or “N’(Neutra1). Each time you close your
doors and turn on the ignition, the
doors will lock
automatically only once.If someone needsto get out
while the vehicle is running, have that person use the
65
Remote Trunk Release
.,
The trunk releaseis on the
floor between the driver's
seat and the door. Pull up
on the lever with the open
trunk symbol to release the
trunk lock.
Remote Trunk Release Lockout
The lockout switch,located
B
-_-
..n:
on the inside of the trunk
lid, allows you to disable
the remote trunk release
inside the passenger
compartment, With the
lockout control in the OFF
position, yowcan use the
remote trunk release.You
must use the trunk key
when the lockout controlis
in the ON position.
This lockout featureis only available on vehicles that do
not have the Remote Keyless Entry System.
66
Remote Keyless Entry System
(Option)
.
-'
!
..
.
,
This device complies with Part
15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subjectto the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Should interferenceto this system occur,try this:
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions on battery
replacement.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product has a maximum range.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal.
See your Buick dealer or a qualified technician for
service.
If your Buick has this option, you can lock and unlock
your doors or unlock your
trunk from upto 30 feet (9 m)
your
away using the key chain transmitter supplied with
vehicle
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Your Remote Keyless Entry System operates on a radio
frequency subjectto Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules.
67
Operation
vehicles.) Each vehicle can have only
two transmitters
The driver’s door will unlock automatically when
UNLOCK is pressed, If UNLOCK is pressed twice
quickly, all doors will unlock.
-
All doors will lock whenDOOR is pressed.
The trunk will unlock when the truck symbol
is pressed,
but only when the transaxleis in “P” (Park.)
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
matched to it.
See.your dealer to match transmittersto another vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last abouttwo years.
You can. tellthe batteries are weak if the transmitter
won’t work at the normal rangein any location. If you
have to get closeto your vehicle before the transmitter
works, it’s probablytime to change the batteries.
Each key chain transmitteris coded to prevent another
If a transmitter
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through
your dealer. Rememberto bring the remaining
to your dealer. When
transmitter with you when you go
the dealer matches the replacement transmitter
to your
vehicle, the remaining transmitter mustalso be matched.
Once thenew transmitter is coded, the lost transmitter
will not unlock your vehicle.
You can match a transmitterto as many different
vehicles as you own, provided theyare equipped with
exactly the same model system. (General Motors offers
several different modelsof these systems on their
68
For battery replacementuse
two Duracells batteries,
type DL-2016, or a similar
type.
To replace the batteries.
Rear Door Security Lock
1. Remove the screw from
the back cover,,
YourBuickmaybe equipped with rear door security
locks
that
help
prevent
passengers
from opening the rear
doors of your car from the inside.To use one of these
locks:
1. Use a key to move the
lever all theway up.
2. Lift off the front cover, bottom halffirst.
3. Remove and replacethe batteries. Put them inas the
direction underthe batteries indicate.
4. Replace the front cover. Make sure the cover is on
tightly, so water won’t get in. Replace the screw in
the back cover.
2. Close the door.
3. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
e
69
The rear doorsof your vehicle cannot be openedfrom
inside when this feature is
in use. If you wantto opena
rear door when.the security lock is on:
1. Unlock the door from the inside..
2. Then open the door from the outside.
Theft
Vehicle theft is big business, especially insome cities.
of theft deterrent
Although your Buick has a number
features, we know that nothing we put
on it can makeit
impossible to steal. However, there
are ways you can
help.
If you don’t cancel the security lock feature, adults or
Kev in the ipnition: If you walk away from your
older children whoride in the rear won’t beable to open
vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an easy target
for joy
the rear door from the inside.
You should let adults and
. ..
older children know how these security locks work, andriders or professional thieves -- so don’t do it. .+.,-:.,:
., p,
how to cancel the locks.
When you park your Buick and open
the driver’s’a*oor,
you’ll hear a tone reminding you to remove your key
To cancel the rear door lock:
from the ignition and take it with you. Always
do this.
1. Unlock the door from the inside and openthe door
so will your
Your steering wheel will be locked, and
from the outside.
ignition and transaxle.And remember to lock the doors.
2. Use a key to move the lever
all the way down.
Parking at Night: Park in a lighted spot, close all
windows and lock your vehicle. Remember to keep your
3. Do the same for the other rear door.
or take
valuables out of sight. Put them in a storage area,
. The rear door locks will now work norinally.
them with you.
.)
:
<
:
.,<. ,
ParkinP Lots: If you parkin a lot where someone will
be watching your vehicle, it’s best
to lock it up and take
your keys. But whatif you haveto leave your ignition
key? What if you haveto leave something valuablein
your vehicle?
0
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your trunk
or glove box.
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Then take the door key with you.
New Vehicle 6CBreak-In”
Ignition Key Positions
Your square-headed key
opgs.@gs
,.
your
.
,r
..
ignition
lock.
This lock givesyou five different positions.
Before you put the key
in, your ignition will be the
in
Lock position. This position locks your ignition, steering
wheel and transaxle. It’s a theft deterrent feature.
The other positionslet you perform these functions:
ACC: Accessory lets you’usethings like the radio and
the windshield wipers when the engine
is off. To use
it toward you. Your
“Acc,” push in the key and turn
72
steering wheel will remain locked,
just as it was before
you inserted thekey.
OFF: This position lets you turn off the engine but still
turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock
the steering
wheel like “Lock.” Use “Off’” if you must .have your car
in motion whilethe engine is off.
RUN: This is the position for driving.
START This key position starts your engine.
Starting .YourEngine
Engines start differently. The 8th digit of your Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN)shows the code letter or
number for your engine.You will-find the VIN at the
top
left of your instrument panel. (See “Vehicle
Identification Number” in the Index.) Follow
the proper
steps to start the engine.
Move your shift lever to“P” (Park) or“N” (Neutral).
-- that’s a
Your engine won’t start in any other position
safety feature;To restart when you’re already moving,
use “ N ’ (Neutral) only.
73
1
I
4. If your engine still won’tstart (or starts but then
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Don’t push the acceleratorpedal before starting your
Try pushing your accelerator pedalall the way to the
engine. In some other vehicles you might need todo
floor and holding it there as you holdthe key in
this, but becauseof your vehicle’s computer systems,
“Start” for about three seconds. This clears the extra
you don’t.
If the car starts briefly but
gasoline from the engine.
Turn your ignition keyto “Start.” When the engine
then stops again, do the same thing, but this time
starts, let goof the key. The idle speed will go down
keep the pedal about one-quarter
of the way down
as your engine gets warm.
for five or six seconds.
If it doesn’t start right away, and the weather is very
cold (below -20’ .F,or -29’ C),push the accelerator
pedal about one-quarterof the way down while you
turn the key to“Start.” Do this until the enginestarts.
electronics in your vehicle.If you add electrical
As soon as it does, letgo of’thekey.
To start your L4 2.3 Lites (Code 3) engine:
electrical equipment, check
you don’t, your engine rnigh
do it
the part of this Manual that tells how to
without damaging your vehicle. See “Towin
Your Car” in the Index.
74
4. If your engine still won’t start (orstarts but then
To start your V6 3.3 Liter (CodeN) engine:
stops), it could be floodedwith too much gasoline.
1. Don’t pushthe accelerator pedal before starting your
Try pushing your accelerator pedalall the way to the
engine. In some other vehicles
you might needto do
floor and holdingit there as you hold the key in
this, but becauseof your vehicle’s computer systems,
“Start for about 15 seconds. This clears the extra
you don’t.
to
gasoline from the engine. Turn the ignition key
2. Turn your ignition keyto “Start.” When the engine
“Off.”Wait 10 seconds, then repeat Step3.
starts, let go of the key. Theidle speed will go down
”
warm.
gets
engine
as your
.4
3. If it doesn’t start right away, push the accelerator
pedal about one-quarterof the way down while you
turn the key to “Start.”Do this until the enginestarts.
As soon as it does, let go of the key and the
accelerator pedal.
seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat
can damage your starter motor.
75
Driving Through DeepStanding
Water
If you drive too quickly throughdeep puddles 01
standing water, water can come in through
engine’s air intake and
badly damage your
engine. If you can’t avoid deep puddles or
standing water, drive through them very slowly.
1A
CAUTION:
Plugging the cord intoan ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord couldoverheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord intoa properly grounded three-prong
110-volt outlet. If the cord won’t reach, usea
heavy-duty three-prongextension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
I
Engine Block Heater (Option)
In very cold weather,O°F (-18 “C) or colder, the engine
block heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up.
To use the block heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 110-volt outlet.
How long should you keep the block heater plugged in?
The answer depends on the weather, the kind of oil you
of trying to list
have, and some other things. Instead
everything here, we ask that you contacta Buick dealer in
your vehicle. The dealer
the area where you’ll be parking
can give you the best advice for that particular area.
Automatic Transaxle
There are several different positions for your
shift lever.
P.(Park)
A
CAUTION:
It is dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in “P” (Park) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leaveyour vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have to.If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could beinjured. To be sure your
ehicle won’t move, whenyou’re on fairly level
ound, always set your parking brake and move
e shift lever to “P” (Park). See “Shifting Into ‘P’
ark)” in the Index. If you are parking on a hill
, if you’re pulling a trailer,also see “Parking on
11s” or “ Towing aTrailer” in the Index.
This locks your front wheels. It’s the best position to
use when you start your engine because your vehicle
Ensure the shift leveris fully in “P” (Park) range before
can’t move easily.
starting the engine.Your Buick has a brake-transaxle
shift interlock.You have to fully apply your regular
brake before you can shift from “P”(Park) when the
If you cannot shift
ignition key is in the “Run” position.
- push
out of “P” (Park), ease pressure on the shift lever
the shift lever all the
way into “P,’ (Park) and also
release the shift lever button on floor
shift console
models - as you maintain brake application. Then move
77
1
the shift lever into the gear you wish. (Press the shift
lever button before movingthe shift lever on floor shift
console models.) See “SI3:ifting’ Outof ‘I?’(Park)” in this
section,
R (Reverse)
Use this gearto back
To rock your vehicle back and forth
to get out of snow,
“If
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see
You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Iceor,Snow” in the Index.
CAUTION:
IA
hifting out of
(Park) or “N” (Neutral) while
‘‘P”
our engine is “racing” (running at high speed)
s dangerous. Unlessyour foot is firmly on the
rake pedal,your vehicle could move very
apidly. You could lose control and hit people or
bjects. Don’tshift outof “P” (Park) or “N”
[Neutral) while your engine is racing.
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of “P” (Park) or “N” (Neutral)with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
N (Neutral)
In this position, your engine doesn’t connect with the
use
wheels. To restart when you’re already moving,
“N” (Neutral) only. Also, use“ N ’ when your vehicle
is being towed.
D (Drive)
This position isfor normal driving.
I
I
2 (Second Gear)
1 (First Gear)
This position gives you more power but lower fuel
economy. You can use “2” on hills. It can help
control your speed as you go down steep mountain ’
roads, but thenyou would also want to use your
brakes off and on.
This position gives you even more power (but lower
fuel economy) than“2.”You can use it on very steep
If the selector, lever is
hills, or in deep snow or mud.
put in “1,” the transaxle won’t shift into first gear
until the vehicle is going slowly enough. ,
Don’t drive in “2” (Second Gear) for more than5
miles (8 km), or at speeds over 55 mph (88 km/h),
or you
can
damag
ansaxl
much as possible.
Don’t shift into “2” unless you are going slower
than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can damage your
engine.
79
1
To release the parking brake:
The parking brake uses the brakes
on the rear wheels.
80
Hold the regular brake pedal down. Pull the brake
release lever.
If YOU are on a hill: See“ Parking on Hills” inthe Index.
That section shows how to
t u k your front wheels.
If you are towing a trailer andare parking on any hill:
See “ Towing a Trailer” inthe Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Steering Column Shift Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right fuot and
set the parking brake.
2. Move the shift lever into“F”’ (Park) position like
this:
Shifting Into 44P99 (Park)
I
I
A CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever is not fully in “PYy(Park) with the
parking brake firmly set. Your vehicle can roll.
If you have left the engine running, the vehicle
can move suddenly.You or others could be
injured. To be sure your vehicle won’t move,
when you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that follow. If you are parking on a hill, or if
you’re pulling a trailer, also see “Parking On
Hills” or “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
0
Pull the lever toward you.
81
2. Move the shift lever into“P” (Park) position like
this:
Hold in the button on the lever, andpush the lever all
the way toward the front of your vehicle.
Move the leverup as far is it will go.
3. Move the ignition keyto “Lock.”
4. Remove the key and takeit with you. If you can
key-in
walk awayfrom your vehicle with the ignition
(Park).
your hand, your vehicleis-in‘‘P13
Console Shift Lever
1. Hold the brakeped4 down with your right foot and
set the parking brake.
82
3. Move the ignition keyto “Lock.”
4. Remove the key and take it with you.If you can
walk away from your vehicle with the ignition key in
“P” (Park).
your hand, your vehicle is in
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running
Shifting Out of 6 6P99 (Park)
Your Buick hasa brake-transaxle shift interlock. You
have to fully applv your regular brake before you can
shift from “P” (Park) when the ignitionis in the “Run”
position. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
CAUTION:
It can be dangerous,to leave your vehicle with
the engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully in “P”
(Park) with the parking brake firmly set. And,il
you leave the vehicle with the
engine running, it
could overheat and even catch fire.You or others
could be injured. Don’t leave your vehic ’ wi
the engine running unless you have to.
If you cannot shift outof “P” (Park), ease pressureon
I
I
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in“P” (Park) and your
parking brakeis firmly set beforeyou leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift leverinto the “P” (Park)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, ifsee
you can move the shift lever away from
“P” (Park)
without first pulling it toward you (or, if you have the
console shift lever, without
first pushing the button).If
you can, it means that the shift lever wasn’t
fully locked
into “P” (Park).
the shift lever-- push the shift leverall^ the way into “P”
(Park) and also release theshift lever button on floor
shift console modelsas you maintain brake application.
Then move the shift lever into the gear you wish. (Press
the shift lever button before moving shift
the lever.) If
you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift
out of “P” (Park), try this:
1. Turn the key to “Off.”
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end ofStep 4.
3. Shift to “ N ’ (Neutral).
4. Start the vehicle and thenshift to the drive gear you
want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
Parking Over Things That Burn
/1\
I
A
CAUTION:
Things that can burn couldtouch hot exhaust
rrts underyour vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves,dry grass or other things
3 t can burn.
I
I
CAUTION:
Engine exhaust can kill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaustcoming in if:
Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
Your vehicle was damaged whendriving
over hinh Doints on the road or over road
debris.
0 Repairs weren’t done correctly.
Your vehicle or exha
tern
had
been
modified improperly.
Ifyou ever suspect exhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
Have it fixed immediately.
-RunningYour Engine WhileYou’re
‘Parked
It’s bettern.ot to park with the engine running. But if YOU
ever have to, here are~samethings toh o w .
P
Idling the engine with tfie air 31 em control off
8couldal~lowdangerous exhaust into j o u r vehilcle
(see the earlierCawtionunder “‘Engine IExhaust”:
Also, idling In a Closed-in>place can let‘‘dead.,
‘carbonmonoxide (CO) into yo~urve,hiclee w n i f
t’hefan switchis at the highest setting. One placl
this can happen is agarage. Exhaust with CO
can came in easily. #NEVERpark in a garage with
the engine running.
Another clq3ed8-in;place can be a blizzard. l(See
in the Index.)
nued:
--
It can ‘bedangerous ta get ‘olutlof ,your vehicle if
‘the shift lever is not fully in T ’ (Park) witlhtrhe
parking brake flirmly set. Yourvehicle can roll.
Dm’t leave yaur vehic;le whenthe engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve lefi the
enlgine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
You or others cou!ldbe injured. To be sure yow’r
vehicle wonlptmove, evenwhen you’re on fair
level gramd, always set your parkingbrake and’
move the shift lever to “P” (Park).
~
Follow the prope!r steps to be sure your vehicle
wm’t move. See “S’hifting Into ‘PB
(Park)”’ in the
Inde?.
If you are parking on a hill, or if you’lre pulling a
trailer, atso see “Parking OM Hills”’ or “Towing,a
‘Trailer” in th’e Index.
85
Adjustable Ride Control System
(Option)
0
0
Auto - This setting automatically adjusts the system.
While traveling at speeds under47 mph (75 km/h),
the system will adjust to the soft ride. Traveling at
speeds faster than47 mph (75 km/h) the system
adjusts to a medium ride.
Sport - This provides a firm, sporty ride with
responsive handling and cQrnering.
When Auto orSoft is selected,the system begins in the
Sport mode. It will also automatically change back to
the Sport mode when the vehicle
_---lkesanabrupt start,
stop or a sharp turn.
The indicator lights for all the buttons will come on for
as a system
about 5 seconds after the ignition is started
check. If all the indicator lights come on and stay on,
there may be a problem.You should have your vehicle
inspected.
This suspension system option allows
the driver to
adjust the ride comfort according to road conditions.
To select a ride comfort option, push one
of these three
1 buttons:
i
Soft - This provides a smooth, comfortable ride.
Your driver's window has an express-down feature.
Quickly press and releasethe AUTO switch and the
If the AUTO
driver's window will open a small amount.
switch is pressedfor more than a few seconds,the
window will go allthe way down. To stop a power
window while it is lowering, press and release the
switch. To raise a power window, press and holdthe
control for that window.
Power Windows(Option)
i
'
1
1
You may also have a lockout switch. PushLOCK to
disable the passenger power window switches. This will
prevent passengers from opening and closing windows.
The driver can still control all windows with the switch
in the locked position. Push UNLOCK to use the
window
switches
again.
I
'
Horn
To sound the horn, press the horn symbol on either side
of the steering wheel.
If your car has this option,the controls are near each
window.
87
Tilt WheeI (Option)
A tilt steering wheelallows you to adjustthe steering
wheel before you drive.
You can alsoraise it ,tothe highest level to give your
legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Move the steering wheel
to a comfortable level,
then release the lever to lock the wheel in place.
The lever on the left side
of the steering column
includes your:
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
HeadlightOperation
Headlight High-Low Beam & Passing Signal
0
!
88
Flash-To-PassFeature
CruiseControl(Option)
A green arrow onthe
instrument panel will flash
in the directionof the turn
or lane change.
Turn Signal and Lane Change
Indicator
i”’
To signal a lane change,just raise or lower the lever
until the green arrow starts
to flash. Hold itthere until
you complete your lane change.The lever will returnby
itself when you release it.
The turn signal has two upward (for Right) and two
downward (for Left) positions. These positions allow
you to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the
lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
As you signal a turnor a lane change,if the arrows don’t
flash butjust stay on, a signal bulb may
be burned out
and other drivers won’t see your turn
signal
If a bulbis burned out, replace it to help avoidan
accident. If the green arrows don’tgo on at all when you
signal a turn, checkthe fuse (see “Fuses” in the Index)
and for burned-out bulbs.
89
Ihrn Signal tCONSS
Chime
A chime will sound if your turn signal
is left on after
having gone3/4 of a mile, to remindyou to turn your
signal off.
Operation of Lights
Although your vehicle’s lighting system (headlights,
parking lights, fog lamps,side.markerlights and
taillights) meet all applicable federal lighting
requirements, certain states and provinces may apply
their own lighting regulations that may require special
attention before you operate these lights. For example,
some jurisdictions may require that you operate your
lower beam lights with fog lamps at all times, or that
headlights be turned on whenever you must use your
windshield wipers. In addition, most jurisdictions
prohibit driving solely with parking lights, especially at
dawn or dusk. Itis recommended that you check with
you own state or provincial highway authority for
applicable lighting regulations.
90
Headlight High-Low Beam
To change the headlights
from low beam to high or
high to low, pull the turn
signal lever allthe way
toward you. Then releaseit.
When the high beams are
on, this blue light on the
instrument panel also will
be on.
Flash-To-Pass Feature
It lets you use your high beam headlights to signal a
driver in frontof you that you wantto pass. It works
even if your headlights areoff.
To use it, pull the multifunction lever toward youlittle
a
(but not so far that you hear a click).
If your headlights are off Your high beam headlights
will turn on. They’ll stayon as longas you hold the
off.
lever there. Release the lever to turn them
I
If your headlights are on, but on low beam: The
The wipers will stop after one cycle.If you want more
cycles,
hold the lever
down
“MIST”
to longer.
system works normally. Just pull
the lever until it clicks.
Your headlights will shift to high beam and stay there. For steady wipingat low speed, movethe lever to the
To return to low beam,
just pull the lever toward you.
“LOW’ position. For high speed wiping, move
the lever
further, up to “HIGH” Tostop the wipers, move the
Windshield Wipers
lever to “OFF.”
Low Speed Delay Wipers (Option)
You can set the wiper
between wipes. This
snow. Move the lever
choose the amountof
I
You control the windshield wipersby moving the lever
marked “WIPER.”
For a single wiping cycle, movethe lever down to
“MIST.” Hold it down untilthe wipers start, then letgo.
A
speed for a longor short delay
can be very useful light
in rain or
to DELAY then, turn
the band to
delay.
CAUTION:
Damaged wiper blades may prevent you from
seeing well enough in a storm to drive safely. To
avoid damage, be sure to clear ice and snow
from the wiper blades before using them. If
they’re frozen to the windshield, carefully loosen
or thaw them. If your blades do become
damaged, get newblades or blade inserts.
i
Heavy snowor ice can overload your wipers.A circuit
breaker willstop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or ice to prevent anOVI.
J.
~
~
Windshield Washer
The top of the wiper lever has the word
“WASH’ on it.
’0 spray washer fluid on the windshield, pull the lever
Laward you.
If you have the standard wipers, the wipers will keep
going in “LO” until you turn the wiper control to“OF’”’’
If you have theLow Speed Delay option, the wipers will
4ear the window and then either stop or return to your
,reset speed.
IA
1
CAUTION:
Driving without washer fluid can be
dangerous. A bad mud splash can block
your vision. You could hit another vehicle
or go off the road. Check your washer fluid
level often.
1
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer
until the windshield is warmed. Otherwise
the washer fluid can form ice onthe
windshield, blocking your vision.
92
=
*
When usin
Tollow the m
adding wate
ated washer f l i
turer’s instructions
Fill your washer fluid tank only 3/4 f
when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion, which co
it is completely full.
1
...
- ..- , ,......,I. ,.,,- . . ,/ ..
-~
I
i
,~
,4. ,,’
I
~
-:,.. ,,<qzTr’
7 : ., ,
.
.- , ~
‘8
> .
’-
’
.--. ’
1:
Cruise Control (Option)
When you apply your brakes,
the Cruise Control shuts
off.
A
0
I
CAUTION:
Cruise Control can be dangerous where
you can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So, don’t use your Cruise Control on
winding roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise Control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast
changes in tire traction can cause n dless
wheel spinning, and you couldlose
control. Don’t use CruiseControl on
slippery roads.
With Cruise Control, youcan maintain a speedof about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more without keeping your foot on
the accelerator. This can really help on long trips. Cruise
Control does not work at speeds belowabout 25 mph
(40
m).
93
To Set Cruise Control
I /i\
I
2. Move the Cruise Control switch to"ON."
CAUTION:
I
If you leave your Cruise Control switch on when
you're not using Cruise, you might hit
a button
and go into Cruise when you
don't want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
Cruise Control switch"OFF" until you want to
I
use it.
3. Push in the set buttonat the end of the lever and
release it. (The “CRUISE’ light on the instrument
panel will come on.)
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
To Resume a Set Speed
Suppose you set your Cruise Control
at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake.
This, of course, shutsoff
the Cruise Control. But you don’t need
to reset it. Once
you’re goingabout 25 mph (40 km/h) or more, you can
move the Cruise Control switch from“ON’ to
“RES/ACC” (Resume/Accelerate)for about half a
second.
0
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and stay
there.
A
If you hold the switch at “RES/ACC”
(Resume/Accelerate) longer than half
a second,
the vehiclewill keep going fasteruntil you
release the switchor apply the brake. You could
be startled and even lose control.
So unless you
want to go faster, don’t hold the switch at
“RES/ACC.”
Here’s the secondway to go to a h i g h spee.d:
-
Move the Cruiseswitch from “ON” to “RES/ACC.”
Hold it there until you get up to the speedyou want,
and then release the switch.
2. Push the button at the end of the lever, then release
the button and the acceleratorpedal. You’ll now
cruise at the higher speed,
96
To increase your speed in very smaIl amounts, move
the switchtu “RES/ACC” for less than half a second
and then release it. Each time you do this, your
vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.B kmh)faster,
I
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise
Control
Passing Another Vehicle While Using
Cruise Control
There are two ways tu reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
Use the acceierator pedal. to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
@
Push in the button at the end of the lever until you
reach the lowerspeed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, push the
button fur less than half a second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 h/h)
slower.
Move the Cruise switch to “OFF.”(The “CRUISE’
light will go out.)
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the Cruise Control or the ignition,
is erased.
your Cruise Control set speed memory
Lights
The headlight switch is locatedon the control left of the
steering column.To turn on your lights, turn the band
marked LIGHTS.
It controls these light systems:
0 Headlights
0 Taillights
ParkingLights
0 LicenseLights
SidemarkerLights
The interior courtesy lights can be turned on by rotating
the control located on the instrument panelto MAX.
The instrument panel brightness can be adjusted
between MIN and MAX by rotating the control also.
Battery Run-down Protection
This feature is made up
of two functions. Theyare
inadvertent power control and parasitic power control.
If
vehicle battery is disconnected for any reason the system
timers will change to3 minutes and 3 days respectively
until the vehicle is driven 15 miles.
77
Headlights Reminder Light (Canada Only)
If your vehicle was first sold, when new, in Canada, this
light will go on at night to remindyou to turn on the
headlights.
Daytime Running Lights (Canada Only)
The Canadian Federal Government has decided that
“Daytime Running Lights” (DRL)are a useful feature,
in that DRL can make your vehicle more visible to
pedestrians and other drivers during daylight hours.
DRL are required on new vehicles sold in Canada.
Your DRL work witha light sensor on top of the
instrument panel. Don’t coverit up.
The high beam headlights will come on
at reduced
brightness in daylight when:
The ignition is on
The headlight switch is off, and
The parking brake is released.
At night, the headlights reminder light on the instrument
panel will come on to remind
you to turn on the
headlights. When you turn on your headlights, the DRL
will switch off and the exterior lights will come on.
When you turn off the headlights, the exterior lights will
go out and the high beams will change to the reduced
brightness of DRL again. Of course, you may still turn
on the headlightsor flash to pass any time you need to.
Courtesy Lights
Mirrors
When any dooris opened, several lights go on. They
the car. You also
make it easy for you to enter and leave
can turn these lightson by rotating the interior light
control toMAX.
Inside Mirror
The rear compartment lamp is also activated when
the
or when the
doors are opened, the deck lid is opened
interior light control is rotated MAX.
to
Interior Lights Delay
On entry,the interior lights stay on, even after
the door
is closed to give you time
to find your keysor controls.
The interior'lights go off automatically when the
40 seconds.
ignition is turned on, or after approximately
This 40 second delay is disabled if the ignition has been
off less than 2 minutes. The interior lights will also go
on for 4 seconds if you pull on the door handle from the
inside trying to open a locked door.
102
When you are sitting.in a comfortable driving position,
adjust the mirrorso you can see clearly behind your car.
The day-night adjustment allows you to adjust the
mirror to avoid glare from the lights behind you.
Outside Mirrors
I
To adjust the left outside mirror, rotate
the knob located
on the driver’s door. The right outside mirror must be
adjusted manually. Adjust each mirrorso you canjust
see the side of your vehicle.
If your Buick hasthe optional power mirror control, the
mi.rror control is located on
the driver’s door. Rotatethe
control tothe left or right to choosethe mirror you want
to adjust. Then move the control the
in direction you
want to move the mirror.
Adjust each mirrorso you can just see the sideof your
car andthe area behind your car.
To remove the rear ashtray for cleaning, press down on
as you
pull
the
ashtray
down
and
out.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Store them in the
trunk as far
forward
as
you
can.
the
snuffer
You can unhookthe net so that it will lie flat when
you’re not using it.
Ashtrays
The front center ashtray may be lifted out
for cleaning.
I
.
.
105
Cigarette Lighter
Front Console Storage (Option)
It’s nearthe ashtray. To use the cigarette lighter,’pushit
in all the way and let go.When it’s ready, it will pop
back
. .
arette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating, it won’t be able to back away
from the heating elementwhen it’s ready. Thal
can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and
the heating element.
The console between the front seats has rear seat
cupholders that when pulled up and rotated backward
can be used. There is also a small tissue holderthe
in
cover.
If you have the full length console, you also have a
up on the latch to
storage area with a sliding door. Lift
open the door to store your compact discs, sunglasses or
other small items.
106
Storage Armrest (Option)
The Instrument Panel:Your
Information System
The armrest between the
front seats opens' intoa storage.
area. To open it, press the leverat the front edge. Inside
are cupholders which can. be rotated forward use
for with
the cover closed. There is alsoa removeable coinholder,
and storage area for cassette tapes, compact discs or other
small items.
Assist Handles
Above each rear doorare as-sist handles that come down
to help you get in or out of your Buick.
Coat Hanger
Pushing on thecoat hanger symbol allows you to use the
coat hanger.
Your instrument panelis designed to let you know ata
glance how your caris running. You'll knowhow fast
you're going, how much fuelyou're using, and many
other things you'll need to know
to drive safely and
.
economically.
I
1
:
i
SpeedometerandOdometer
Trip Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles A trip odometer can tell you how many miles you have
driven sinceyou last setit to zero. To reset it, push the
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
button.
odometer shows how faryour vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (used the
in U.S.)or kilometers (used in
Canada).
If you
Your Buick has a “tamper-resistant odometer.”
can see silver lines betweenthe numbers, probably
someone has tried to turn
it back. The numbers may not
be true.
You may wonder what happensif a car has to have a
new odometer installed.If possible, thenew one has to
be set to the same readingthe old one had. If it can’t be,
then it’s set at zero,but a label onthe driver’s door must
show the old reading and when the new. one was
installed.
I
Warning Lights, Gagesand
Indicators
This section describesthe warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle.The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement. Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages couldalso save you or
others from injury.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow the manual’s advice.
Waiting todo repairs can be costly-- and,even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
Fuel Gage
Warning lights go on when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions.As you will see in
the details on the next few pages, some warning lights
come on briefly when you turn
the ignition keyjust to
let you know they’re working. If you
are familiar with
this section,you should not be alarmed when this
happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work togetherto let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
Your fuel gage shows how much fuel is in your tank.
It
works only when the engine is on. When the indicator
nears “E,” you still have alittle fuel left.You need to get
more right away.
Brake System Warning Light
0
At the gas.stati0n;the gas pump shuts off before.the
gage reads “F.”
1
,
This light willalso come on when you set your parking
if your parking brake doesn’t
brake, and will stay on
release fully.If it stays onafter your parking brake is
If the
fully released,it means you have a brake problem.
light comeson while driving, pulloff the road andstop
carefully, You may notice thatthe pedal is harder to
push. Or, the pedal may go closer the
to floor. It may
take longer to stop.If the light is still on, have the
vehicle towedfor service. (See “Towing YourCar”in
the Index.)
-
IA
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
ANTI.LOCK
1
CAUTION:
Your brake system may notbe working properly
if the brake warning lightis on. Driving with the
brake warning light on can lead to an accident.
If
the light is still on after you’ve pulled off the road
and stopped carefl r, have the vehicle towed for
service.
I
With anti-lock, this light will go on unless you start your
engine andit will stay on for three .seconds. If the light
doesn’t comeon, have it fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there is a problem.
If the light stays on or comes on when you’re driving,
stop as soon as possible and turn the key off. Then start
the engine to resetthe system. If the light still stays on,
or comes on again while you’re driving, your Buick
needs service. Unlessthe regular brake system warning
light is also on, you will still have brakes, but not
anti-lock brakes.If the regular brake system warning
111
Low Coolant Warning Light
If this light comes on, your
system is low on coolant
and the engine may
overheat.
See “Engine Coolant’’ inthe Index and have your
vehicle servicedas soon as you can.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (Service
Engine Soon Light)
A computer monitors operationof your fuel, ignition
and emission control systems. This light should come on
when the ignition ison, but the engine is not running,as
a check to show you it is working. If it does not come on
at all, have it fixed right away.
If it stays on, or it comes
on while youare driving, the computkris indicating that
you have a problem.You should take your vehicle infor
service soon.
This gage tells youif there could be a problem with your
engine oil pressure.
“Check Oil” Light
The “Check Oil”light is lit
for three secondsas a bulb
check each time the
ignition key is turned to the
RUN position. If the light
doesn’t come on, have your
vehicle serviced.
If the gage reads inthe red band, and stays there,it
means oil isn’t going through your engine properly.
You
could be low on oil or you might have some other
oil
problem.
I
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oilas soon as possible and hpyour vehicle serviced.
I problems can be costly and is not covered by
e
If ‘theengine oil is more than
one quart low,the light
will come on briefly, thengo off for 15 - 25 seconds,
and then come back onfor 20 - 40 seconds.
However, under the following conditions,the system
will not register a low engine oil condition.
0 If the vehicle is tilted more than 20°.
If it has not been more than8 minutes since the
engine was last shut off.
115
If the “Check Oil” light comes back
on, the engineoil
should be brought up to the proper level,
see “Engine
j Oil” in the Index.
“Battery” Light
service, and should take your Buick to the dealer
at
you
get
there,
turn
off
once. To save your battery until
all accessories, and set your
air system to OFF.
Volts Gage (Option)
This gage showsthe voltage inthe electrical system.
When you turn the keyto RUN, this light will come on
briefly, to show that your alternator and battery charging The normal range is11 to 15 volts. If the reading stays
outside the normal range, have your Buick dealer check
systems are working. If the light stays on,you need
the electrical system.
Tachometer (Option)
Do not operate tne engine with the tachometer
in
the red area,or engine damage may occur
The tachometer tells you how fast the engine is running.
It displays engine speed in^ hundreds of revolutions per
minute (RPM).
118
@
Part 3
ComfortControlsandAudioSystems
In this part you’ll find
out how to operate the comfort control systems and
audio systems offered with your Buick
.
Be sure to read about the particular system supplied with your vehicle
.
Part 3 includes:
ComfortControlSystem ............................................................
120
121
Heater and Defroster ...........................................................
Air Conditioner ...............................................................
122
121
RearWindowDefogger ........................................................
Ventilation ...................................................................
121
Audiosystems ....................................................................
122
125.127. 124
SeaingtheClock ...................................................
RadioControls ....................................................
124.126. 128
TapePlayerControls ...........................................................
127
CDPlayerControls ............................................................
130
122
Understanding Radio Reception ..................................................
Care of Cassette Tape Player & Tapes .............................................
133
CareofCompactDiscs .........................................................
133
Antennacare ................................................................
134
119
Your Buick Comfort Control System
This part tells you how to make yourair system work
for you.
Fresh air from outside your vehicle flows through your
Buick whenthe car is moving. When the vehicleis not
moving, you can get outside
air to flow through by
selecting any air choice (except the rear window
defogger) and theHI fan speed.
.c:
t..:
Air Outlets
Adjust the direction of air
flow by moving the
louvered vents.
Fan
The fan controlis used to selectthe speea you want the
blower to control the air flow.
Temperature
This control allows you to select the temperature
of the
air that your heating and cooling system provides.
Off
When the right control knob is turned to
OFF, the fan
and the heating and cooling system will off.
be
120
I
BIL (Bi-level)
This setting allows the outsideair to flow through your
Buick in two ways. Cooler air is directed to the upper
portion of your body through the vent outlets. Slightly
warmer air is directed throughthe heater ducts and
defroster outlets.
Vent
Using vent will allow outsideair to flow throughthe
instrument panel outlets. Set the temperature knob
as
desired.
Heater
On days when it’s cold outside, this setting sends heated
the windshield defroster
air through the heater ducts and
outlets. If you have the engine block heater, you can use
it in cold weather (+2OoF/-8OC or lower) to heat your
vehicle’s passenger area quicker.The engine block
heater warms the engine coolant whichwill ultimately
( See “Engine
warm the passenger area more efficiently.
Block Heater” in the Index.)
Blend
This setting dividesthe air flow equally betweenthe
heater and the defroster outlets.
Windshield Defrost
This setting operates the defroster. Most
of the air comes
out near the windshield. Use defrost when you get
fog or
ice onthe windshield.
Rear WindowDefogger (Option)
The lines you see on the
rear window warm the
glass. Press the buttonto
start warming your
.window. Pressing the
button again will shut it off.
If you turn the rear defoggeron while driving at or
above 45 mph (72 km/h), it will stay onas long as that
speed is maintained.You must press the button to shut
it off.
121
Audio Systems
I’ not cover thisdamage. And don’t put decals
Air Conditioner (Option)
The air conditioner coolsthe air coming into your
vehicle. The air conditioner won’t
.work,well unlessall
the windows are closed. On a very hot day, you might
want to open the windowsto let the hottestair out.
Max
This setting provides maximum cooling with
the least
amount of work. MAXrecirculates the air inside your
vehicle, and coolsthe air quickly. Adjust the
temperature controlto a cold setting.
Norm.
After using the MAX setting to cool the
air quickly,
adjust the air conditionerto NORM and the temperature
to the desired comfort setting. This permits fresh air to
be cooled andto circulate through your vehicle.
122
Your Delcoa audio system has been degigned to operate
easily and give yearsof listening pleasure. But you will
of your system if you
get the most enjoyment out
acquaint yourself withit first. Find out what your
Delcom system can do and how to operateall its
controls, to be sure you’re gettingthe most out of the
advanced engineering that went into it.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound. But FM signals
will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to65 km). And,
tall buildings or hills can interfere with FM signals,
causing the sound to come and go.
AM
The range for mostAM stations is greater than
for FM,
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
cause stations to interfere with each other.
AM can pick
Try
up noise from things like storms and power lines.
reducing the treble to reduce this noise.
1
AM Stereo
This means the Delco@system can receive C-QUAM@
stereo broadcasts. Many AM stations around the country
use C-QUAM@ to produce stereo, though some do not.
(C-QUAM@is a registered trademark of Motorola, Inc.)
If yourDelco@systemcanget
C-QUAM@,your
“STEREO” light will come on when you’re receiving it.
Hearing damage from loua noise is almost
undetectable until it is too late. Your hearing
adapt to higher volumes of sound. Sound thatcan
seems normal can be loud and harmful to your
hearing. Take precautions by adjustingthe
volume control onyour radio to a safesound
level before your hearing adapts to it.
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest
setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear
comfortably and clearly.
Before you add any sound equipment to your
vehicle -- like a tape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can
add what you want. If you can, it’s very important
to do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation of your vehicle’s
engine, Delco@radio or other systems, and even
--
I
123
Bal
The control behind the upper knob allows you
LO
balance the sound betweenthe right and left speakers..
The Lower .Knob
Turn the lower knob to tune radio stations. Push
to get
it
AM or FM.
Fade
The control behindthe lower knob moves the sound
between your front and rear speakers.
To Play This Radio
The Upper Knob
The upper knob does these things:
It turns the radio on.
It controls the volume.
It tells you the time (When the ignition isoff, push
the recall knob to display the time.)
124
Seek
Pressing the seek button will cause
the receiver to seek
the next higher station and stop.
Scan
When you press scan, the radio
will go to the next
station and pause and keep scanning until you press scan
again. Scan appears in the display.
Pushbuttons
The four pushbuttonslet you return tofavorite stations.
You can set the pushbuttonsfor up to fourteen stations
(7 AM and 7 FM).
0 Tune in the desired station.
0
Press the SET pushbutton. (SET appearsin the
display.)
Within 5 seconds, push one of the four pushbuttons
to store a station. Whenever you press that button,
the.preset station will return.
Three additional stations may be preset
on each band by
pressing two adjoining buttons
at the same time.
Clock
To set the clock:
0
Press the SET button.
0
Within 5 seconds, press and holdSCAN until the
correct hour appears on the display.
0
Press and hold SEEK until the correct minute
appears on the display.
Treble
Slide the treble lever up
to increase the treble response.
If station is weak or noisy,slide the treble lever down to
reduce the noise.
0
Tune in the desired station.
Bass
0
Press the SET pushbutton. (SET appears in the
display.)
0
Within 5 seconds, push any twoadjoining
pushbuttons at the same time. (The station will return
when the same two buttonsare pressed again.)
Slide the bass lever up
to increase the bass response.
Adjust the bass lever to give
a pleasing soundto your
ear.
Bal
The control behindthe upper knob allows youIO
balance the sound betweenthe right and left speakers.
The Lower Knob
Turn the lower knob to tune radio stations. Push
it to get
AM or FM.
6
IB
Fade
The control behind the lower knob moves the sound
between your front and rear speakers.
Seek
Pressing the seek button will cause the receiver to seek
the next higher station and stop.
To Play This Radio
The Upper Knob
The upper knob does these things:
0 It turns the radio on.
It controls the volume.
It tells you the time (When the ignition is off, push
the RCL knob to display the time.)
It allows you to hear the other sideof a tape. (Press
PROG-RCL knob while a cassette is playing.)
126
I
_____
Scan
When you press scan, the radio will go to the next
station, pause, and keep scanning until you press scan
again.
\
Pushbuttons
The pushbuttons let you return to favorite stations.
You can set the pushbuttons for up to fourteen stations
(7 AM and 7 FM).
0
Tune in the station you want.
e Press the SET pushbutton. (SET appears inthe
display.)
0
Within 5 seconds, push oneof the four pushbuttons
to store the station. Whenever you press that button,
the preset station will return.
Treble
Slide the treble lever up to increase
the treble response.
If the station is weak or noisy, slidethe treble lever
down to reducethe noise.
Bass
Slide the bass lever
up to increasethe bass response.
Three additional stations may be preset on each band byAdjust the bass leverto give a pleasing sound to your
pressing two adjoining buttons the
at same time.
ear.
0 Tune in the desired station.
0
Press the SET pushbutton. (SET appears in the
display.)
0
Within 5 seconds, press and hold SCAN until the
correct hour appears on
the display.
0
Press and hold SEEK until the correct minute
appears onthe display.
To Play A Cassette
Your tape player is built to work best with tapes that are
30 to 45 minutes long on each side. Tapes longer than
0 Within 5 seconds, push any two adjoining
that are so thin that they may not work well in this
pushbuttons at the same time. (The station will return player.
when the same two buttonsare pressed again.)
Once the tape is playing, use the upper and lower
knobs
for volume balance andfade just as you do for the radio.
Clock
The lighted arrow shows which sideof the tape is being
To set the clock:
played.
0 Press the SET button.
Forward
To advance the tape, press and the tape will advance
rapidly until you press the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
127
Reverse
1
To Play This Radio
To reverse the tape, press 4 and the tape will reverse
Pwr
rapidly until you press the STOP-EJECT button lightly.
To turn the radio on or off, press the
PWR button.
Program
The Upper Knob
To go from one side of the tape
to the other, press the
The upper knob does these things:
RECALL knob.
i
Eject
To remove the tapeor stop the tape and switch to radio,
press the STOP-EJECT button.
It controls the volume. The volume knob increases
and decreases volume only when
it is held slightly
rotated against the spring load.
It allows you to mute the radio or compact disc
player, Press to mute; press againto listen. During
MUTE, only volume up will work.
Bal
The control behind the upper knob allows you to
balance the sound between the right and left speakers.
The Lower Knob
Turn the lower knobto tune radio stations. The tune
knob increases and decreases station frequency when
it
is held slightly rotated against the spring load. Turn the
knob to tune slowly. If you hold the tune knob in the
tune position, it will tune rapidly. PushBAND to get
AM or FM.
I
1
- ,,.
3
Fade
The control behind the lower knob moves the sound
between your front and rear speakers.
Press the SET pushbutton. (SET appears in the
display.)
0
Recall
It tells you the time. When the ignition isoff, push RCL
to display the time.
Seek 4 or
Pressing the Seek 4 or b button will cause the receiver
to seek the next lower
or higher station and stop.
Scan
When you press SCAN, the radio will go to the next
station, pause and keep doing that until
you press SCAN
again.
Pushbuttons
The pushbuttons letyou return to favorite stations. You
can set the pushbuttonsfor up to ten stations( 5 AM and
5 FM).
Tune in the desired station.
Within 5 seconds, push oneof the five pushbuttons.
Whenever you press that button, the preset station
will return.
Clock
To set the clock; :
0
Press the SET pushbutton.
Within 5 seconds, press and holdSCAN until the
correct hour appears on the display.
Press and hold SEEK 4 or b until the correct
minute appears on the display.
Adjust The Tone
Use the levers nextto the display to set the bass,
midrange, and treble until you get the sound you want.
The 60 and 250 levers adjust the bass,1K is midrange,
3.5K and 1OK control the treble.
We suggest you start with the center lever (1K) in the
midpoint position, then move the others
up until you get
the amountof bass and treble you like.
129
To Play A Compact Disc
Recall
Before you begin, please note:DO NOT use mini-discs
that are called singles. They won’t eject.
Use full-size
comuuct discs only.
Press RCL to see whattram 1s playing. Press it again
within 5 seconds to see how long the CD has been
playing that track.
If the disc player is very hot, orif you’re driving ona
very rough road, thedisc may come out,or just not play.
If you see the word HOT on the display, the disc player
is too hot to playthe disc. Press RCL to make the word
HOT go off the display.As soon as things get back to
normal, the disc should play again.
Press PWR to turn the system on.
The track numberalso appears when you change the
volume or whena new track starts to play.
Compression
Pressing the COMP button makes soft and loud passages
more nearly equal in volume.
Insert a disc partwayinto the slot, label side
up. The
player will pullit in. Wait a few seconds and the disc
should play.
Random
Pressing RDM means whenit is pressed, itWM cause
a random order rather
the CD to play the tracks back in
than in the sequential1,2,3...order.
[f the disc comes back out, check whether:
The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched, or wet.
There’s too much moisture in the air. (If there is,
wait about an hour and try again.)
Rev
Press and holdREV to return rapidlyto a favorite
passage. Release it to play the passage. Note the counter
reading in the graphic display.
130
Fwd
Press and holdFWD to advance quickly withina track.
Release itto resume playing. Watch the graphic display
to stop ata specific passage.
Prev
Press PREV to hear
the previous track.If you holdthe
PREV button or press it more than once,
the disc will
return to previous tracks.
Next
Press NEXT to hearthe next track now (insteadof
waiting until the present trackis finished.) If you hold
this button, or press it more than once, disc
the will
advance further.
-,
STPL
Press ST/PL (Stop/Play) andthe disc will stop andthe
radio will play. Press ST/PL again to restart
the disc at
the point whereit stopped.
Press the PWR button or turnthe ignition key off to stop
the disc player. The disc stays in the player and will
resume playingat the point whereit stopped.
EJECT
Press EJECT andthe disc will eject and the radio will
play. The disc will start at track 1 when you reinsert it.
Anti-Theft Feature
Delco LOCI1 is an anti-theft featurefor the compact disc
player. It can be used or ignored.
If ignored the system
plays normally.If it is used, your player won’t be
useable if it is ever stolen, becauseit won’t turn on.
The instructions below tellyou how to entera secret
code intothe system. If your car loses battery power for
any reason, orif the Smart battery activates, you must
unlock the system withthe secret code beforethe system
will turn on.
Step 1. Write down any&digit number and keepit in a
safe place.
Step 2. Turn the ignition to the “Accessory” or the
“Run” position.
Step 3. Press PWR to turn the radioOIT.
Step 4. Press the 1 and 4 pushbuttons together. Hold
them down until “ - - - ” shows on the display.
You are now ready to enter your secret code.
Don’t wait
more than 15 seconds between steps.
Step 5. Press SET and “000” will appear onthe display.
Step 6. Press SEEK 4 or button to make the first
number appear.
131
Step 7. Rotate the TUNE knob right or left
to make the
next two numbers agree with your code.
“000” will
Step 8. Press the BAND AM-FM Knob and
appear. Now youare ready to enter the secondthree
digits of your code.
Step 9. Repeat steps 6 and 7 to enter digits.
Step 10. Press the AM-FM knob and “REP” will appear
for 5 seconds and then“000” will appear.
Step 11. Repeat steps 6 through 10. This time“SEC”
If the
should appear indicating that the radio is secure.
display shows “ - - - ” , the verification steps .were not
successful and theentire sequence must be started again.
To Unlock The System Aftera Power Loss
Step 3. Enter the six digitsof the code following steps6
thru 9 as previously indicated. The display will show the
number as entered.
Step 4. Press the AM/FM button and the time appears
indicating that the disabling sequence was successful.
If
the display indicates “SEC”, the number did not match
and the unit is still secured.
Disabling The Theft System
Step 1. Press preset buttons 1 and 4 for 5 seconds with
the ignition ON and radio powerOFF.The display will
show,“SEC”,indicating the unit is in the secure mode.
Step 2. Press the SET button. The display will show
“000”.
When battery power is reapplied
to a secured radio,the
radio won’t turn on and“LOC” will appear in the
display.
Step 3. Enter the first three digitsof the code following
steps 6 and 7 of the preceding directions. The display
will show the numbers as entered.
Enter your secret codeas follows; pauseno more than
15 seconds between steps.
Step 1. Turn the ignition ON. (Radio off.)
Step 2. Press the SET button.The display will show
“000”.
Step 4. Press the AM-FM button. The radio will display
“000”.
atep 5. Enter the second three digitsof the code. The
display will show the numbers
as entered.
Step 6. Press the AM-FM button.If the display shows
- - - ” , the disabling sequence was successful. (The
numbers matched the user-selected code or the factory
66
back-up code) andthe unit is inthe UNSECURED
mode. If the display shows"SEC",the disabling
sequence was.unsuccessfu1 and the numbers did not
match either of the codes and the unit will remain inthe
SECURED mode.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Your tapes will sound bestif you clean your cassette
tape player from time to time. Use a non-abrasive
cleaning cassette insteadof a music tape. Follow
the
instructions onthe cleaning cassette.
Store cassette tapes away from extreme heat
or direct
sunlight. Protect the openends from dirt or damage;
store them in their original cases
or other protective
cases. Cassettes eventually wear out and you may need
to replace them if they become noisy.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective cases and away from direct sunlight
a
and dust. If the surfaceof a disc is soiled, dampen
clean, soft cloth in amild, neutral detergent solution and
clean it, wiping from the center tothe edge.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pickup discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole andthe outer edee.
133
Fixed Mast Antenna
3. Wipe cloth overthe
mast sections,
any dirt.
removing .
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged,If the mast should ever become
slightly bent,you can straightenit out by hand.If the
mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every oncein a while to be sure the mastis still
tightened to the fender.
Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna will lookits best and work well if
it's cleaned from timeto time.
To Clean the Antenna Mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio to raise the antenna to 4.
full mast extension.
5.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or
equivalent solvent.
6.
Wipe dry with clean cloth before retracting.
Make the antennago up and down by turning the
radio or ignition on andoff.
Then repeat if necessary.
'
I
damaged. If the antenna does notgo down when
you turn the radiooff, it may be damagedor neea
to be cleaned. In either case, lower the antenna
by hand by carefully pressing the antenna down.
Ifthe mast portionof your an$emais damaged, you can
easily replace it. See your dealer for a replacementkit
and follow the instructions in the kit.
135
1954 Buick 56C
136
Part 4
Your Driving and the Road
I
Here you’ll find information about driving on different kinds
of roads and io varying weather conditions. We’ve also
on driving.
included many other useful tips
Part 4 includes:
RoadSigns .......................................................................
DefensiveDriving .................................................................
DrunkenDriving ..................................................................
ControlofaVehicle ................................................................
Braking ......................................................................
Steering .....................................................................
Passing .....................................................................
LossofControl ...............................................................
DrivingatNight ...................................................................
DrivingintheRain .................................................................
Driving in Fog, Mist and Haze ........................................................
CityDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FreewayDriving ...................................................................
DrivingonaLongTrip .............................................................
HillandMountainRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ParkingonHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WinterDriving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TowingaTrailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
138
144
145
148
149
154
156
158
159
161
164
165
166
168
170
172
175
179
Color of Road Signs
RED means STOP. It may also indicate that some
movement is not allowed. Examplesare DO NOT
ENTER and WRONG WAY.
Road Signs
The road signsyou see everywhere are coded by color,
shape and symbols. It's a good idea to know these codes
so that you can quickly grasp the basic meaning orintent'
of the sign even before you have a chance to read it.
Q
I
\
m
4
Y
RAILROAD
ADVANCE
CROSSING
NARROW
AHEAD
BRIDGE
LOW
FLAGGER SHOULDER
WORK’ERS
AHEAD
L
YELLOW indicates a general warning. Slow down and ORANGE indicates road construction or maintenance.
be careful when yousee a yellow sign. It may signal a
You’ll want to slow down when you see an orange sign,
off or torn up. And
as part of the road may be closed
railroad crossing ahead, a no passing zone, or some
other potentially dangerous situation. Likewise, a yellow there may be workers and maintenance vehicles around,
too.
solid line painted on
the road means “Don’tCross.’’
1
i
139
I
EX"
144;
b
1
HOSPITAL
INFORMATION
BLUE signs with white letters show motorists'
services.
GREEN is used to guidethe driver. Green signs may
indicate upcoming freeway exits orshow the direction
you should turn to reach a particular place.
/
I
SWIMMING
CANOEING
BROWN signs point out recreation areas or points
of
historic or cultural interest.
Shape of Road Signs
The shape of the sign will tell you something, too.
An OCTAGONAL
(eight-sided) sign
means STOP. It is
always red with white
letters.
F
ST0 P
A TRIANGLE, pointed
downward, indicates
YIELD. It assigns the
right-of-way to traffic
on certain approaches
to an intersection.
1
f
d
I
A DIAMOND-shaped
sign is a warning of
something ahead-for
example, a curve, steep
hill, soft shoulder, or a
A TRIANGULAR
sign also is used on
two-lane roads to
indicate a NO
PASSING ZONE.
This sign will be on
the left side of the
roadway.
Symbols on Road Signs
LEFT
KEEP
RIGHT
OR
THROUGH
RIGHT TURN
ONLY
RECTANGULAR (squareor oblong) signs show speed
limits, parking regulations, give directions, and such
information as distancesto cities.
use today.
There are many international road signs in
The basic messageof many of these signs is in pictures
or -graphic
symbols.A picture within a circle with a
diagonal link acrossit shows wha.t not to do.
142
We’re all familiar with traffic lights or stop lights. Often
green arrows are being used in the lights for improved
traffic control. On some multilane roads, green.arrows
light up, indicating that traffic one
in or more lanes can
move or make a turn. Green arrows don’t mean “go no
matter what.” You’ll still needto proceed with caution,
yielding the rightof way to pedestrians and sometimes
to other vehicles.
Some traffic lightsalso use red arrows to signify that
you must stop before turning on red.
Traffic Lights
REVERSIBLE
LANE ON
MULTILANE
ROADWAY
Many city roads and expressways, and even bridges, use
A red X
reversible-lane traffic control during rush hours.
light above a lane means no driving in that lane
at that
1
time. A green arrow means you may drive ir&thatlane.
Look for the signs posted
to warn drivers. what
bQ.urs.
.
.
and days these systemsare in effect.
-,i “
f“
f . - ’ .. :
.
4
’
,.
-
~ ‘ ’
If necessary, you can use hand signals out
the window:
Left arm straight out for a left turn, down for slow or
about-to-stop, and up for a right turn.
Slowing down. If time allows, tapthe brake pedal once
or twicein advance of slowing or stopping. This warns
the driver behind you.
1 PavementMarkings
I’
NO
PASSING
Disabled. Your four-way flashers signal that your
vehicle is disabled oris a hazard. See “Hazard Warning
Flashers” in the Index.
Traffic Officer
Pavement markings addto traffic signs and signals.
They give information to drivers without taking
attention from the roadway. A solid yellow
line on your
side of the road orlane means “don’t cross.”
Your Own Signals
..
Drivers signal to others, too. It’s not only
mare polite,
are doing.
it’s saferto let other drivers know what you
And in some places
the law requires iver . si.gnals.
.L
Turn and lane change signals. Always signal: when you
plan to turn or change lanes.
The traffic police officer is also a source
of important
information. The officer’s signals govern, no matter
signs say.
what the traffic lights or other
The next section discusses some
of the Toad conditions
._.-_. . ;
:
.c**“jy;, “C.$
you may encounter.
.. , - :,
..,...
,
-,a,,
Defensive Driving
*
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,
The best advice anyone can give
about\drivingis: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.” following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
You never
maneuver, in both city and rural driving.
On city streets, rural roads, or freeways, it means
know when the vehiclein front of you is going to brake
“always expectthe unexpected.”
or turn suddenly.
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers
are going to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might Here’s a final bit of information about defensive driving.
The most dangerous timefor driving in the U.S. is very
do. Be readyfor their mistakes.
early on Sunday morning. Infact, GM Research studies
Expect children todash out from behind parkedcars,
for
often followed by other children. Expect occupants in show that the most and the least dangerous times
driving, every week,fall an the same day. That dayis
parked cars to open doorsinto traffic. Watch for
3 a.m.
Sunday. The most dangerous time is Sunday fi-om
movement in parked cars-- someone may be aboutto
to 4 a.m. The safest time
is Sunday from 10 a.m. to
open a door.
11 a.m. Driving the same distance on a Sunday
at 3 a.m.
Expect other drivers to runstop signs when you are on a isn’t just a little more dangerous than
it is at 10 a.m. It’s
through street.Be ready to brake if necessary as you go
about 134 times more dangerous!
through intersections.You may not have to use
the
That leads to the next section.
brake, butif you do, you will be ready.
Drunken Driving
If you’redrivingthroughashoppingcenterparkinglot
where there are well-marked lanes, directional arrows, Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
and designated parking areas, expect some drivers to a national tragedy. It’s the number
one contributor to the
ignore all these markings and dash straight toward one highway death
toll, claiming.thousands of victims every
part of the lot.
year. Alcohol takes away three things that anyone needs
to drive a vehicle:
Pedestrians can be careless. Watch
for them. In general,
you must give way to pedestrians even
if you know you
Judgment
have the rightof way.
0 MuscularCoordination
Rear-end collisionsare about the most preventableof
0 Vision
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
145
1I
1
i
Police records show that half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol -a driver, a
passenger or someone.else,such as a pedestrian, had
are the result
been drinking.In most cases, these deaths
of someone who was drinking and driving. Over 25,000
motor vehicle-related deaths occur each year because
of
alcohol, and thousandsof people are injured.
Just how much alcohol is too much if a person plans to
drive? Ideally, noone should drink alcohol and then
drive. But if one does, then what’s“too much”? It can be
a lot less than many might think. Although it depends on
each person and situation, here is some general
information on the problem.
The Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) of someone who is
drinking depends upon four things:
1
0
How much alcohol is in the drink.
0
The drinker’s body weight.
0
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during
drinking.
0
The length of time it has taken the drinker
to
consume the alcohol.
I
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-pound (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottlesof beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce( 120 ml) glasses
1- 1/2 ounces
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had
(45 ml)of a liquor like whiskey, gin or vodka.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
much alcohol is in the drinks, and how quickly the
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who
consumes foodjust before or during drinking will have a person drinks them.
slightly lower BAC level.
But it’s very important to keep in mind that the ability
to
drive is affected well below a BAC
of 0.10 percent.
DRINKING THAT WILL
Research shows that the driving skills of many people
RESULT,IN A BAG OF .O5%
are impaired at a BAC approaching 0.05 percent, and
IN THE TIME SHOWN
that the effectsare worse at night. All drivers are
impaired at BAC levels above0.05 percent. Statistics
show thatthe chance of being in an accident increases
sharply for drivers who have a BACof 0.05 percent or
3 HOURS
of 0.06 percent (three
above. A driver with a~ BAC level
beers in one hourfor a 180-pound or82 kg person) has
2 HOURS
doubled hisor her chanceof having an accident. At a
OF DRINKS
(as in picture) 4
BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of that driver
HOUR
having an accident is six times greater;
at a levelof 0.15
3+
percent, the chances are twenty-five times greater! And,
the body takes about an hour to rid itself
of the alcohol
in one drink. No amount of coffee or number of cold
1
showers will speed that up.
100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240
2
i
BODY WEIGHT IN POUNDS
“I’ll be careful”isn’t the right answer.what if there’s an
emergency, a needto take sudden action,as when a
BAC
The law in most U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC child darts into the street? A person with a higher
the
of 0.10 percent.. In Canada the limit is 0.08 percent, and might not beable to react quickly enough to avoid
collision.
in some other countries it’s lower than that. The
BAC
will be over 0.10 percent after three to six drinks (in one There’s somethingelse about drinking and driving that
hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it depends on how
-manypeople don’t know. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’ssystemcanmakecrashinjuries
worse. That’s especially truefor brain, spinal cordand
heart injuries. That means that if anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger -- is in acrash, the
chance of being filled or permanently disabled is higher
than if that person had not been drinking. And we’ve
already seen that the chance
of a crash itself is higher for
drinking drivers.
L
A
CAUTION:
* .
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want itto go. Theyarethebrakes,thesteeringand
the accelerator. All three Systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
,
Drinking and then driving is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, and judgment will be
affected by even a small amount of alcohol. You
could have a serious or even fatal accident i
you drive after drinking. Please don’t drink an
drive or ride with a driver who has been drinking.
Ride homein a cab; or if you’re with a group,
designate a driver who will not drink.
--
Control of a Vehicle
--
1
1;
Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means‘you can lose control
of your vehicle.
148
Braking
Braking action involves perception time and reaction
time.
-
First, you have todecide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Thenyou have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be less with
one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness,
coordination, and eyesightall play a part.So do alcohol,
3/4 of a second, a
drugs and frustration. But even in
vehicle movingat 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet
(20 m). That could be a lot
of distance in an emergency,
so keeping enough space between
your vehicle and
others is important.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some peopledrive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followed by heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This
is a mistake.Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops. Your brakes will wearout much
faster if youdo a lotof heavy braking.
Don’t “ride” the brakes by letting your left foot rest
lightly on the brake pedal while driving. *
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surfaceof the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy);tire
tread; and the conditionof your brakes.
Most drivers treat their brakes with care. Some,
however, overwork the braking system with poor
driving habits.
149
IA
CAUTION.:
“Riding” your brakes can cause themto overhe;
to the point that they won’t work well. You mighl
not be able to stopyour vehicle in time to avoid
an accident. If you “ride” your brakes, they will
get so hot they will require a lot of pedal fol- slow you. down.Avoid “riding” the brakes.
If your I- -dine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
If you do, the
normally but don’t pump your brakes.
If your engine
pedal may get harder to push down.
stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will useit when you brake. Oncethe power
assist is used up, it may take longer to stop and the
brake pedal will be harder
to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your Buick has an advancedelectronic braking system
that will help prevent skidding.
This light on the instrument panel willon
gowhen you
start your vehicle.
If you keep pace with the traffic and
IW realistic
following distances, you will eliminate alot of
unnecessary braking. That means better braking and
longer brake life.
150
TILOCK
When you start your vehicle and begin todrive away,
you may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise. And
you may even notice that your brake pedal moves
little
a
while this is going on.This is the ABS system testing
itself. If you have yourfoot on the brake pedal, this
check won’t happen untilthe vehicle goes about4.mph
(6 km/h) or until you take your foot
off the brake pedal.
After an ABS stop, you may hear a clicking noise
the
next timethe vehicle goes about4 mph (6 km/h).
If there’s a problem withthe anti-lock brake system,the
anti-lock brake system warning
light will stay on or
flash.
See “Anti-lock Brake System Warning Light” the
in
Index.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal
jumps out in
front of you.
You slam onthe brakes. Here’s what happens withABS.
151
~
A computer senses that wheelsare slowing down. The
computer separately works the brakes
at each fmnt
wheel andat the rear wheels.
__
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could.The computer is
programmed to make the mostof available tire and road
conditions.
A
CAUTION:
Anti-lock doesn’t changethe time you need to
get your foot upto the brake pedal.If you get too
close to the vehicle in front of you, you won’t
have time to apply your brakes if that vehicle
suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough
room up ahead to stop, eventhough you have
anti-lock brakes.
To Use Anti-Lock:
Don’t pump the brakes. Just hold the brake pedal down
and let anti-lockwork for you. You also may hear a
clicking noise as you accelerate after a hard stop.
Disc Brake Wear Indicators
Your Buick hasfront disc brakes and rear drum brakes.
r You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that make
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed. The sound may come and
go or be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except
when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly).
A
CAUTION:
The brake wear warning sound means that
sooner or later yourbrakes won’t work well.That
could lead to an accident. When you hear the
brake wear warning sound, have your vehicle
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake
at the same time.
In many emergencies, steering can help you more than
even the very best braking.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the systemfails to function, you can steer but it
will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves
at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driverlost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each
of us is subject to
the same lawsof physics when driving on curves.
The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path
when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
If you’ve ever
the vehicle going in the same direction.
tried to steera vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
154
The traction you can get in a curve depends on the
condition of your tires andthe road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed. While
you’re in a curve, speed the
is one factor you can
control.
Suppose you’re steering through a sharp curve. Then
you suddenly accelerate.
-- steering and acceleration-Those two control systems
can overwhelm those placeswhere.the tires meet the
road and make you lose control.
What should youdo if this ever happens? Let
up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle
the way you wantit
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds
are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speedas you approach a
curve, doit before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speed
so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate untilyou are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
When you drive into a curve
at night, it's harder tosee
the road aheadof you because it bends away fromthe
straight beamsof your lights.This is one good reasonto
drive slower.
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object. You must then be prepared to steer
back to your original lane and then brake
to a controlled
stop.
Steering in Emergencies
for
Depending on your speed, this can be rather violent
an unprepared driver. This isone of the reasons driving
experts recommend that you use your safety belts and
keep both hands on the steering wheel.
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example,you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped
in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
Qf you. You can
parked cars and stops right in front
-- if you can stop in
avoid these problems by braking
time. But sometimes you can't; thereisn't room. That's
the time for evasive action-- steering aroundthe
problem.
Your Buick can perform very well in emergencies
like
these. First apply your brakes. It is better to remove
as
much speed as you can from a possible collision. Then
steer around the problem, the
to left or right depending
on the space available.
\
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision.If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o'clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have
to act fast, steer quickly, and
-1
3'
The fact that such emergency situations
are always
possible is a goodreason to practice defensive driving at
all times.
155
I
Off-Road Recovery
If the shoulder appears to be about four inches
(100 mm) or more belowthe pavement, this difference
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
can cause problems.If there is not enough room to pull
dropped off the edge of a road onto the shoulder while
entirely onto the shoulder and stop, then follow the same
you’re driving.
procedures. But if the right front tire scrubs against the
side of the pavement, do NOT steer more sharply. With
If the levelof the shoulder is only slightly below the
too
much steering angle, the vehicle may
jump back
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease off the
accelerator and then,if there is nothing in the way, steer onto the road withso much steering input that it crosses
over into the oncoming traffic before you can bring it
so that your vehicle straddles the edge
of the pavement.
back under control.
1/4 turn until the
You can turn the steering wheel up to
right front tire contacts
the pavement edge. Then turn
Instead, easeoff again on the accelerator and steering
your steering wheel togo straight down the roadway.
input, straddle the pavement once more, then try again.
Passing
The driverof a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for
just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
A simple maneuver?
back into the right lane again.
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane
as oncoming
A miscalculation, an errorin
traffic for several seconds.
judgment, or a brief surrenderto frustration or anger can
suddenly put the passing driver face face
to with the
worst of all traffic accidents-- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
0
“Drive ahead.” Look downthe road, to the sides, and
to crossroadsfor situations that might affect your
passing patterns.If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successful pass, waitfor a better
time.
0
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and
lines. If you can see a sign up ahead that might
indicate a turn or an intersection, delay your pass.
A broken center line usually indicates it’s all right to
pass (providingthe road aheadis clear). Never cross
a solid line on your side of the lane ora double solid
line, even if the road seems empty of approaching
traffic.
0
If you suspect that the driver
of the vehicle you want
to pass isn’t awareof your presence, tap the horn
a
couple of times before passing.
0
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For
one thing,
following too closely reduces yourarea of vision,
especially if you’re followinga larger vehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back
a reasonable
distance.
0
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your moveso you will be
increasing speedas the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will havea
“running start” that more than makes
up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And
if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down anddrop back again and
wait for another opportunity.
If other cars are lined up to passa slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But takecare that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are
far enough
ahead of the passed ‘vehicle tosee its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex.
The vehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
157
0
0
0
\
The three typesof skids correspond to your Buick’s
three control systems. In the braking skid your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. much speed or steering in a curve causes tires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid too
Even though the brake lights are not flashing,
it may
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
be slowing down or starting to turn.
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing
the next
vehicle.
If you’re being passed, make it easy
for the
following driverto get aheadof you. Perhaps you
can easea.little to the right.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off
the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide (as when you- turn a corner
off
on a wet, snow- or ice-covered road), ease your foot
Loss of Control
the accelerator pedal as soonas you feel the vehicle start
to slide. Quickly steerthe way you want the vehicle to
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering go. If you start steering quickly enough, your vehicle
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the will straighten out. As it does, straighten the front
wheels.
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow,
ice,
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer
..
gravel, or other material is on the road. For safety, you’ll
and constantly seek an escape route or area
of less
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
danger.
conditions. It is important to slow down
on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
Skidding
vehicle control more limited.
In a skid, a driver can lose control
of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable While drivingon a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration, or
care suited to existing conditions, and by not
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
gear). Any sudden changes could cause the tires to slide.
possible.
You may not realize thesurface is slippery until your
I
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues
-such as enough water, ice or packed snow on the road to
make a “mirrored surface”-- and slow down when you
have any doubt.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some driversare likely to be impaired-by alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by
fatigue.
Remember: Any anti-lock braking system (ABS) helps
avoid onlythe braking skid. Steer theway you want to
go.
Here are some tips on night driving.
Driving at Night
0
Drive defensively. Remember, this is the most
dangerous time.
0
Don’t drink and drive. (See “Drunken Driving”
in
the Index for more on this problem.)
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from headlights behind you.
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and other
vehicles. It’s hardto tell how fastthe vehicle ahead
is goingjust by looking at its taillights.
0
Your
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.
headlights can lightup only’s0much road ahead.
In remote areas, watchfor animals.
If you’re tired, pulloff the road in a safe place and
rest.
Night Vision
No one cansee as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may requireat least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night
as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can
also affect your night
vision. For example,if you spend the day@ bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses.
,Your eyes will
have less trouble adjustingto night.
at night.
But if you’re driving, don’t wear sunglasses
They may cut down on glare from headlights, but they
also make a lotof things invisible that should remain
visible - such as parkedcars, obstacles, pedestrians, or
even trains blocking railway crossings.You may want to
put on your sunglassesafter you have pulled into a
brightly-lighted service or refreshment area. Eyes
shielded from that glare may adjust more quickly
to
darkness back on the road: But be sure
to remove your
sunglasses before you leave the service. . area.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching lights.
It can take a second or
two, or even several seconds,for
your eyes to readjustto the dark. When you are faced
with severe glare (as from a driver who doesn’t lower
the high beams, ora vehicle with misaimed headlights),
slow down a little.
I
160
Avoid staring directly into the approaching lights.
If
there is a lineof opposing traffic, make occasional
glances over the lineof headlights to make certain that
one of the vehicles isn’t starting to move into your lane.
Once you are past the bright lights, give your eyes time
to readjust before resuming speed.
High Beams
If the vehicle approaching you hasits high beams on,
signal by flicking yours to high and then back to low
beam. This is the usual signal to lower
the headlight
beams. If the other driver still doesn’t lower the beams,
resist the temptation to put your high beams on. This
only makes two half-blinded drivers.
On a freeway, use your high beams only in remote areas
where you won’t impair approaching drivers. In some
places, like cities, using high beams is illegal.
When you follow another vehicleon a freewayor
highway, use low beams. True, most vehicles now have
day-night mirrors that enable the driver to reduce glare.
But outside mirrors are not of this type and. rh beams
from behind can bother the driver ahead.
A. Few ,MoreNight Driving Suggestions
Driving inthe Rain
i
Keep your eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out
dimly lighted objects.
Just as your headlights shouldbe checked regularlyfor
proper aim, so should your eyes be examined regularly.
Some drivers suffer from night blindness-- the inability
of it.
to see in dim light -- and aren’t even aware
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
road you can’t stop, accelerate or turn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’tas good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread
left, you’ll get
even less traction.
It’s always wiseto go slower and be cautious
if rain
starts tofall while you are driving. The surface may get
P
161
wet suddenly when your reflexes
are tuned for driving
on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain,the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiperbladesare in good shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder tosee road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edgeof the road, and even
for
people walking. Road spray can often be worse
vision than rain, especially if it comes
from a dirty road.
So it is wiseto keep your wiping equipment in good
shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled.
show
Replace your windshield wiper inserts when they
signs of streaking or missing areas on the windshield, or
when strips of rubber start to separate from
the inserts.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can't, try to slow down before you hit them.
1 L3
A
CAUTION:
Wet brakes can cause accidents. The: ton’t
work well in a quick stop and may cause
pulling
to one side. You could lose controlof the vehicle.
After driving througha large puddleof water or
carwash,applyyourbrakepedallighrtil
your brakes work normally.
road. If you cansee reflections from trees, telephone
poles, or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there couldbe hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast
rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is toslow down when it is raining, and be
careful.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
0 Turn on your headlights-- not just your parang
lights -- to help make you more visible to others.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous.So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually
ride on the water.
This can happenif the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it haslittle or no contact with
the road.
You might not be aware of hydroplaning. You could drive
along for some time without realizing your tires aren’t in
constant contact with the road.
-You could find out the
hard way: when you have to slow, turn, move out
to,pass
-- or if you get hit by a gust
of wind. You could suddenly
fiid yourself out of control.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires haven’t much tread or if the pressure
in ?ne or more
is low. It can happenif a lot of water is standing on the
0
Look for hard-to-see vehicles coming from behind.
You may want to use your headlights evenin
daytime if it’s raining hard.
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.If the road sprayis so heavy you are
actually blinded,drop back. Don’t pass until
conditions improve. Going more slowly is better
than having an accident.
Use your defogger if it helps.
Have good tires with proper tread depth.
(See “Tires” inthe Index.)
163
Driving in Fog, Mist and Haze
vehicle ahead or being struck by the one behind. to
Try
“read” the fog density down the road.
If the vehicle
if the
ahead starts to become less clear or, at night,
taillights are harder to see, the fogis probably
thickening. Slow down to give traffic behind you a
chance to slow down. Everybody then has a better
chance to avoid hitting the vehicle ahead.
A patch of dense fog may extend only forfew
a feet
(meters) or for miles (kilometers); you can’tyeally tell
while you’re in it.You can only treat the situation with
extreme care.
Fog can occur with high humidity or heavy frost.
It can
be so mild that you cansee through it for several
hundred feet (meters). Or
it might be so thick that you
can see only a few feet (meters) ahead. It may come
suddenly to an otherwise clear road. And it can be a
major hazard.
When you drive into a fog patch, your visibility will be
reduced quickly. The biggest dangersare striking the
One common fog condition-- sometimes called mist or
ground fog -- can happen in weather that seems perfect,
especially at night orin the early morning in valley and
low, marshy areas. Youcan be suddenly enveloped in
thick, wet haze that may even coat your windshield.
You
can often spot these fog patches or mist layers with your
headlights. But sometimes they can be waiting for you
as you come over a hill or
dip into a shallow valley.
Start your windshield wipers and washer, to help clear
accumulated road dirt. Slow down carefully.
Tips on Driving in Fog
If you get caught in fog, turn your headlights on low
-- and be seen -beam, even in daytime. You’ll see
better. Use your fog lights if your vehicle has them.
City Driving
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other driversare doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
Know the best way to get to where youare going.
Try not to drive around trying to pick out a familiar
street or landmark. Get a city map and plan your trip
165
A
Entering the Freeway
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
At the entrance there is usually
a ramp that leads tothe
freeway. If you have a clear view of
the freeway as you
If you are moving from an outside to a center lane on a
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
freeway having more than two lanes, make sure another
you expect to
check traffic. Try to determine where
vehicle isn’t aboutto move into the same spot.Look at
blend with the flow. If traffic is light, you may have
no
problem. But if it is heavy, findgap
a as you move along the vehicles two lanes over and watch for telltale signs:
the entering lane and time your approach. Try to merge turn signals flashing, an increase in speed, or moving
into the gap at close to the prevailing speed. Switch on toward the edge of the lane. Be prepared to delay your
move.
your turn signal, check your rearview mirrors
as you
move along, and glance over your shoulder
as often as
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with
the traffic flow.
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
Driving on the Freeway
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or tothe prevailing rateif it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want
to pass. If you are on a
two-lane freeway, treatthe right laneas the slow lane
and the left lane as the passing lane.
If you are on a three-lane freeway, treat
the right lane as
the slower-speed through lane, the middle lane
as the
higher-speed through lane, and the left
lane as the
passing lane.
Before changing lanes, check your rearview mirrors.
Then use your turn signal.
Leaving the Freeway
When you want to leave the freeway, move to
the proper
lane well in advance. Dashing across lanes at the last
minute is dangerous. If you miss your exitdo not, under
any circumstances, stop and back up. Drive
on to the
next exit.
At each exit point is a deceleration lane. Ideally it
should be long enough for you to enter
it at freeway
speed (after signaling,of course) and then do your
braking before moving ontothe exit ramp.
Unfortunately, not all deceleration lanesare long enough
-- some are too short for all the braking. Decide when to
167
2-
start bralung. If you must brake onthe through lane, and
Before Leaving ona Long Trip
if there is traffic close behind you, you can allow a little
If you
extra time and flash your brake lights (in addition to Make sure you’re ready. Try to be well rested.
-- such as after a day’s
your turn signal) as extra warning that you are about to must start when you’re not fresh
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
slow down and exit.
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and shoes you
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
can easily drive in.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed
Is your vehicle ready fora long trip?If you keep it
according to your speedometer, not
to your senseof
serviced and maintained, it’s ready
to go. If it needs
motion. After drivingfor any distance at higher speeds,
service, have it done before starting out.
Of course,
you may tend to think youare going slower than you
you’ll find experienced andable service expertsin
40 mph (65 km/h) might
actually are. For example,
Buick dealerships all across North America. They’ll be
seem like only 20 mph (30 km/h). Obviously, this could
ready and willing to helpif you needit.
lead to serious troubleon a ramp designed for20 mph
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
(30 krn/h)!
0 Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
Driving a Long Distance
all windows clean inside and outside?
Although most long trips today are made on freeways,
WiDer Blades: Are they in good shape/
there are still many made on regular highways.
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
Long-distance driving on freeways and regular
all levels?
highways is the same in some ways.
The trip has to be
0 Lights: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
planned and the vehicle prepared, you drive at
higher-than-city speeds, and thereare longer turns
0 Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
behind the wheel. You’ll enjoy your trip more if you and
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
your vehicle arein good shape. Here are some tips for a
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
successful long trip.
recommended pressure?
168
There is something about an easy stretch of road with the
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the road,
the droneof the engine, and the rush
of the wind against
time to avoid a major storm system?
the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’titlet
happen
0 Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
If
it
does,
your
vehicle
can
leave
the
road
in
to you!
than a second, and you could crash and be injured.
On the Road
0
Unless you are the only driver, it is good to share the
driving task with others. Limit turns behind
the wheel to
about 100 miles (160 km) or two hours at a sitting.
Then, either change drivers or
stop for some refreshment
like coffee, tea or soft drinks and some limbering up.
But do stop and move around. Eat lightly
along the way.
Heavier meals tend to make some people sleepy.
What can youdo about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware thatit can happen.
Then hereare some tips:
Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
0 Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and
to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors frequently and
On two-lane highways or undivided multilane highways
your instruments from time to time.This can help you
that do not have controlled access;you’ll want to watch
avoid a fixed stare.
for some situations not usually found on freeways.
0 Wear good sunglasses in bright light. Glare can cause
Examples are: stop signs and signals, shopping centers
drowsiness. But don’t wear sunglasses at night. They
with direct accessto the highway,no passing zones and
will drastically reduce your overall visionat the very
off the road,
school zones, vehicles turning left and right
time you need all the seeing power you have.
pedestrians, cyclists, parked vehicles, and even animals.
0 If you get sleepy, pulloff the road into a rest, service,
Highway Hypnosis
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is itjust plain falling asleepat the wheel? Call it
an emergency.
highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or whatever.
As in any driving situation, keep pace with traffic and
allow adequate following distances.
0
169
I
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, hereare some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system and
transaxle. These parts can work hard on mountain
roads.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine
do some of the
slowing down. Don’t make your brakes do it all.
Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep or
long hill. That way, you will slow down without
excessive useof your brakes.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat or rolling terrain.
I
170
1 \
CAUTION:
If you don’t shift down, your brakes COL., get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a
hill. You could crash. Shift down to let your
engine assist your brakes on a steep downhi
slope.
A
Know.how to go uphill. Drive in the highest gear
possible.
3‘
1
I .
It takes longerto pass another vehicle when you’re
going uphill. You’ll want to leave extra room to pass.
If a vehicleis passing you and doesn’t have enough
room, slow down to make
it easier €or the other
vehicle to get by.
I
As you go overthe top of a hill, be alert. There could
be something in your lane, like a stalled car or an
accident.
I
Youmay see highwaysignsonmountainsthatwarn
I
of special
problems.
Examples
are long
grades,
passingorno-passingzones,afallingrocksarea,or
1
winding roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate
action.
CAUTION:
Coasting downhill in “N” (Neutr; or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have
to do allthe work of slowing down. Theycou
get so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You
could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear whenyou go downh
Stay in your ownlane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide
or cut
across the centerof the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane. That way, you won’t be
surprised by a vehicle
coming toward you in
the
. .
same lane.
Winter driving can present special problems. See
“Winter Driving”in the Index.
171
You can turn your front wheels to keep your vehicle
from rolling downhillor out into traffic.
-
1
’
.I_
@Z
.-,‘‘e:;$
$$
.2f,iiiR
i
~
Hills and mountains mean spectacular scenery. But
if you decide to lookat
please be careful where you stop
the view or take pictures. Look for pull-offs or parking
areas provided for scenic viewing.
Another part of this manual tells how to use your
parking brake (see “Parking Brake” in the Index). But
on a mountain or steep hill, you c m do one more thing.
172
Turn your wheelsto the right.
You don’t have tojam your tires against thecurb, if
there is a curb. A gentle contact is all you need.
Parking Uphill
- parking on the left side, your wheels should point to the
If there is a curb, turn your wheels to the left if the curb right.
is at the right sideof your vehicle.
173
Torque Lock (Automatic Transaxle)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
of the
transaxle into“‘F” (Park) properly, the weight
vehicle may put too much force the
on parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of T“ (Park). This is called “torque lock.”To
prevent torque lock, always be sure
to shift into“P”
(Park) properly before you leave
the driver’s seat.To
find out how, see “Shifting Into ‘P’ (Park)” in the Index.
When you are ready to drive, movethe shift lever outof
“P” (Park) BEFORE you release the parking brake.
If there is no curb when you’re parking uphill,
turn the
wheels to the right.
If there is no curb when you’re parking uphill on the left
side of a one-way street, your wheels should be turned
to the left.
174
If “torque lock” does occur, you may need to have
another vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some
of
the pressure from the transaxle,so you can pullthe shift
lever outof “P” (Park).
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your Buick in good shape for winter. Be sure
your engine coolant mix is correct.
e Snow tires can help in loose snow, but they may give
you less traction on ice than regular tires. If you
do
not expect30 be drivingin deep snow, but may have
to travel over ice, you may not want
to switch to snow
tires at all.
YOU may want to put winter emergincy supplies in
your trunk.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom,a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel,a flashlight, a red cloth, and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And,
if you will
be driving undersevere conditions, includea small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet ora couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction.Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
175
Driving on Snow
or
Ice
What’s
the
worst
time
for this? “Wet
ice.”
Very
cold
snow or ice can be slick and hard to drive
on. But wet
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
. ~ ~traction
~ ~ ~ ,of~ all.
. . :You
i : : can
: ; . get
’ ; ~“wet
~ ~ ice” when it’s
road probably have goodt r a c t i o n ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - ! ~ ~ ~least
&5:. +!
. .- : (.
about freezing(32°F; 0°C) and freezing rain begins to
However, if there is snow orice between your tires and
wet ice until salt and sand
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll fall. Try to avoid driving on
crews can get there.
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need
beto
very
careful.
Whatever the condition-- smooth ice, packe:d, blowing
.
C?
:
7-..?.&-$&r
clumps of trees, behind’buildings,or under bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpass may
176
remain icy when the surrounding roadsare clear. If
you see a patchof ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
I
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation.You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you knowfor sure that you are near help
and you can hike throughthe snow. Here are some
things todo to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers .safe: Turn on your hazard flashers. Tie a red
cloth to your vehicle to
alert police that you’ve been
or wrap a
stopped bythe snow. Put on extra clothing
If
you
have
no
blankets
or extra
blanket around you.
clothing, make body insulators from newspapers, burlap
bags, rags,flsor mats -- anything you can wrap around
yourself or tuck under your clothing to keep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
I
A
CAUTION:
dnow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide)
gas to get inside. CO could overcome you and
kill you. You can’t see it or smell it, so you might
not know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow
from around the base ofyour vehicle, especia”-any that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And
check around again from time to time to be’su
snow doesn’t collect there.
177
Towing a Trailer
A
I
CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive
a
properly, you can lose control when you pull
trailer. For example, if the trailer is too heavy. the
brakes may not work well or even at all. Yo
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section.
--
~
~,
~~
~~
~~~
~~
I
I
I
i
ulling a trailer
improper1
Your car can tow a trailer.To identify what the vehicle
trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you should read
the information in “Weightof the Trailer”. that appears
later in this section. But trailering is different than just
driving your vehicle by itself. Trailering means changes
in.handling, durability, and fuel economy. Successful,
safe trailering takes correct equipment, and
it has to be
used
properly.
That’s the reason for this section. In
it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that
of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before
trailer.
apull
you
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies, and tires are forced to work harder
against the dragof the added weight. The engine is
required
operate
relatively
toat higher
speeds
under
and
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
All of that means changes in:
Do not tow a trailer if your vehicle is equipped with the
2.3 Liter, L4 engine.
0
Handling
Durability
Fueleconomy
179
I
1
If You Do Decide To Pull
Trailer
A Three
important
considerations
have
to
do with
weight:
you
If
do,
here are some
important
points.
Weight of the
Trailer
0 There are many diflerent laws having todo with
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
trailering. Make sure your rig will be legal, not only
1,000 pounds (450 kg).
where you live but also where you’ll be driving. A It should never weigh more than
goodsourceforthisinformationcanbestateor
Buteventhatcanbe
too heavy.
rig. For
provincial
depends
how
police.
on
It
your
use toplan
you
Consider
sway
control.
using
a example,
speed,
altitude,
road
grades,
outside
You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.
0
.I
temperature and how much your vehicle is used
to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can
also depend on any
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
(800 km) your new vehicleis driven. Your engine,
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
axle or
other
parts
could
be
damaged.
advice,
or
you
can
write
us
at
Buick
Motor
Division,
Then,duringthe first 500 miles (800 km) that youCustomerAssistanceCenter,
902 E. HamiltonAvenue,
and
Hint, MI 48550.
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 h/h)
don’t make startsat full throttle. This helps your
In Canada, write to General Motors
of Canada Limited,
en€!ine and other Paas Of Your
wear in at the
CustomerAssistanceCenter, 1908 ColonelSamDrive,
heavier loads.
Oshawa, Ontario L1H8P7.
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
10%of the total
The trailer tongue (A) should weigh
loaded trailer weight (B).
The tongue load (A)of any trailer isan important
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh
the trailer and
weight to measure becauseit affects the total capacity
then
the
tongue,
separately,
to
see
if
the
weights are
weight of your vehicle.The capacity weight includesthe
proper. If they aren’t, you may be
able to get them right
curb weight of the vehicle, any cargo you may carry
in
in trailer.
it, and the people who will be riding in the vehicle. And simply by moving some items around the
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue
Total Weight onYour Vehicle’s Tires
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too.
See “Loading
Be sure your vehicle’s tiresare inflated to the limit for
Your Vehicle” inthe Index for more informationabout
cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the Certification
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
label atthe rear edge of the driver’s door (orsee “Tire
Loading” in the Index). Then be sure you don’t
go over
the GVW limitfor your vehicle.
Hitches
It’s important to havethe correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going
by, and rough roadsare a
few reasons why you’ll needthe right hitch. Hereare
some rules to follow:
Will you have to make any holes in
the body of your
If you do,
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch?
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
Dirt
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index).
and water can, too.
181
The bumpers on your vehicleare not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to them.
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and.your trailer. Crossthe safety chains under the
to
tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop
the road if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Instructions about safety chains may be provided
by the
hitch manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer.
Follow the manufacturer’s recommendation for
attaching safety chains. Always leave
just enough slack
so you can turn with your rig. And, never allow safety
chains to dragon the ground.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to read
and follow the instructions for
the trailer brakesso
you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain them
properly. Because you have anti-lock brakes,
do not try
to tap into your vehicle’s brake system.
ff you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or at all.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting outfor the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel
of
handling and braking withthe added weight of the
trailer. And always keepin mind thatthe vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and
not.nearly so
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform,
safety chains, electrical connector, lights, tires and
mirror adjustment.If the trailer has electric brakes, start
your vehicle and trailer moving and then apply the
trailer brake controller by hand to be sure the brakes are
working. This lets you check your electrical connection
at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and thatthe lights and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
the trailer lights will also flash, telling other drivers
you’re about to turn, change lanes or stop.
Passing
You’ll need more passingdistance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal When towing a trailer,the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash for turns even if the bulbs on
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond
the
the trailerare burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
behind you are seeing your signal when theyare not. It’s
Backing Up
important to check occasionally to be sure
the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Hold the bottomof the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer
to the left, just move that hand
Driving On Grades
to the left. To move the trailer tothe right, move your
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear
before you start
hand to the right. Always. back up slowly and, if
down a longor steep downgrade.If you don’t shift
possible, have someone guide you.
down, you might have to use
your’brakesso much that
Making Turns
they would get hot and no longer work well.
d
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’tstrike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs,trees, or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well in
advance.
n r n Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle has to have a
different turn signal flasher and extra wiring.
The green
arrows on your instrument panel will flash whenever
you signal a turn or lane change. Properly hooked up,
On a long uphill grade, use
the highest gear. possible.
If
you cannot maintain posted speeds, drivingat a lower
speed mayhelp avoid overheating your engine and
transaxle.
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill.If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
183
But if you ever haveto park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
,
1
I
1
yet.
I
1. Apply
your
regular
brakes,
but
don’t
shift
(Park)
into.“P”
I
I
2. Have
someone
place
chocks
under.the trailer
wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, releasethe
regular brakes untilthe chocks absorbthe load.
I
I
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and then shiftto “F’” (Park).
5. Release the regular brakes.
,I
I
~
I
I
.
When You Are
Ready
Parking
aon
Hill
to Leave
After
1. Apply your regular brakes and holdthe pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
0
0
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parking brake.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly untilthe trailer is clearof the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pickup and store the chocks.
284
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule
for more
on this. Things that are especially important in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belt, cooling system, and brake adjustment.
Each of these is covered in this manual, and
the Index
will help you find them quickly.If you’re trailering, it’s
you start
a good idea to review these sections before
your trip.
Check periodically tosee that all hitch nuts and bolts
are
tight.
Part 5
Problems on the Road
I
Here you’ll find what to
do about some problems that can occur on the .road
Part 5 includes:
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OtherWarningDevices .............................................................
“Jump”Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TowingYourBuick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engineoverheating ................................................................
IfaTireGoesFlat .................................................................
ChangingaFlatTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CompactSpareTire ................................................................
If You’re Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow ..............................................
186
187
188
193
197
204
204
212
214
Hazard Warning Flashers
Your hazard warning flashers letyou warn others. They
also let police know you havea problem. Your front and
off.
rear turn signal lights will flash on and
186
Move the switch to the
right to make your front
and rear turn' signal lights
flash on and off.
To turn off the flashers,
move the switch to the left.
Your hazard flashers work no matter what position your When the hazard warningflashers are on, your turn
signals won't work.
key is in, and evenif the key isn't in.
Other WarningDevices
If you carry reflective triangles,you can setone up at
the sideof the road about300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
/1\
You could be injured if the whicles r d . Sat ths
parking brake firmly on each ve,hicle, ‘Putan
automatic tra’nsaxlein “P*”(Pa~k)or a.._,an#ual
transaxle in ‘W’ (Neutral).
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all
lights that aren’t needed, and radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. And it could
save your radio!
CAUTION:
An electric fan can start up even when the
eng
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands
clothing and tools away from
electric fan.
Find the positive(+) and negative(-) terminals on
each battery.
4. Open the hood and locate the batteries.
189
I
5. Check that thejumper cables don't have looseor
missing insulation. If they do, you could geta shock.
The vehicles couldbe damaged, too.
190
Before you connect the cables, hereare some things
you should know. Positive(+ ) will go to positive (+)
and negative (-) will go to negative (-) or a metal
engine part. Don't connect(+) to (-) or you'll get a
short that would damagethe battery and maybe other
parts, too.
r
7. Don’t let the other
end touch metal.
Connect it to the
positive (+ )
terminal of the
good battery. Use a
remote positive(+)
terminal if the
vehicle has one.
8. Now connect the black
6. Connect the red positive(+) cable to the positive(+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use
a
remote positive(+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
negative (-) cable to the
good battery’s negative
(-) terminal.
191
Don't let the other end touch anything until the next
step. The other endof the negative cable doesn't go to
the dead battery.It goes to a heavy unpainted metal part
on the engineof the vehicle with the dead battery.
10.Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for awhile.
11. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won't start after a few tries,
it probably '-?needs
<.!.:
, *.,_.
9. Attach the cable at least 18 inches(45 cm) away
.. .
service.
from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that
move. The electrical connection isjust as good there, 12.Remove the cablesin reverse orderto prevent
electrical shorting. Take care that they don't touch
but the chanceof sparks getting backto the battery is
each other or any other metal.
much less.
-
,
,t.::.
'
=
. ._
c _
Towing Your Buick
Try to have a GM dealer or a professional towing
service tow your Buick. The usual towing equipmentis
a sling-type(A) or a wheel-lift(B) or car carrier(C) tow
truck.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard warning
flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
0
The make, model, and year of your vehicle.
0
Whether you can still move the shift lever.:,.
0
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing servicearrives, let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations.The operator may wan.t to
see them.
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aero skirting, or special tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not correct.
be
193
When your vehicleis being towed, have the ignition key
off. The steering wheel should be clamped
in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device designed
for towing service.Do not use the vehicle’s steering
column lock for this. The transaxle should be in Neutral
and the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on
the front wheels,
unless you must.If the vehicle must be towed on the
35 mph (57 kmh) or
front wheels, don’t go more than
farther than50 miles (80 km) or your transaxle will be
damaged. If these limits must be exceeded, then
the
front wheels have to be supported on a dolly.
CAUTION:
I
A vehicle
P-
I
1 fallfrom
acar cal
t It isn’t
properly secured. This can cause acollision,
serious personal injury and vehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or
steel cables before it is transported.
on’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.) that can be cut by sh;
1
I edges underneath the towed vehicle.
1
Front Towing
i
Use a wheel lif? or a car carrier only. Additional ramping
may be required for the car carrier equipment. Use
safety chains and wheel straps.
195
Rear Towing
NOTICE:
o not
with
tow
Ui
ascia/fog lamp damage will occur.
Use a wheel liftor a car carrier only. Additional ramping
may be requiredfor the car carrier equipment. Use
safety chains and wheel straps.
196
1 ,m CAUTION:
Steam from an overheated engine can burn you
badly, evenif you justopen the hood. Stay away
from the engine if you see or hear steamcoming
from it. Just turn it off and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no signof steam or coolant before
opening the hood.
If you keep driving when your engine is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine
if it overheats, and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
I
I
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you can
drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about ten minutes.
If the warning doesn’t come backon, you can drive
normally.
If the, warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no signof steam, you can idle the engine
for two.or three minutes while you’re parked, to see if
the warning stops. But then, if you still have the
warning, TURNOFF THE ENGINE AND GET
EVERYONE OUT OF THE VEHICLE until it cools
down.
You may decide not.to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
0
Coolant surge tank with pressure cap
Electric engine fan
198
A
CAUTION:
I
An electricfan under the hood can start upeven
when the engine is not runningand can injure
you. Keep hands,clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
If the coolantinside the coolant surge tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it cools down.
A
CAUTION:
Heater and radiator hoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot. Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engine if there is a leak. If you run
-le engine, it couldlose allcoolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and you could be
burned.
N
t any leakfixed before you drivethe vehicle.
If there seemsto be no leak, checkto see if the electric
engine fanis running. If the engineis overheating, the
fan should be running. If it isn’t, your vehicle needs
service.
The coolant level shouldbe at or above“FULL COLD.”
If it isn’t, you may havea leak in the radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere
else in
the cooling system.
199
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge
Tank
If you haven’t found a problem
yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at or above“FULL COLD,” add a50/50 mixture of
clean water (preferably distilled) and the proper
antifreeze at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool before you
do it. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Indexfor more information about the
proper coolant mix.)
/I\
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids froma hot cooling
system can blow out and burn you badly. They
are under pressure,and if you turnthe coolant
surge tank pressure cap -- even alittle they can
come out at high speed. Never turn the cap when
lhe cooling system, including the coolant surge
tank pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the coolinsystem and coolant surge tank pressure cap 13
cool if youever have to turnthe pressure cap.
--
t
A
1-
1
CAUTION':
Adding only plainwater to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some lother
liquid li~kealcohol, can boil before tihe proper
coolant mix will. Your whicl'e's CoOilant warning
system is set for the proper coolant mix. With
plain water or the wron.g, mix,your engi'ne could8
get too h,otbut you wouldn't get thie overheat
warning. Your engine could catclh fire andyou or
others couldbe burned. Use ;a 50/50 mix ofclean
water and a proper antifreeze.
You can1 be burned if you spill coolant on hot ,,
engilne ~parts.Coolaint contains ethylene glycol
and lit wil~ilburn if the enlgine parts are ,hot
enough. h n ' t spill coolant on a hot engine.
1
I
I
1
1. You can remove the
coolant surge tank
pressure cap when the
cooling system,
including the coolant
surge tank pressure cap
and upper radiator hose,
is no longer hot. Turn
the pressure cap slowly
about
one-quarter
turn
I
1
to the leftandthenstop.
i
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.
A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
201
2. Then keep turning the
‘pressure cap, slowly,
and removeit.
F-------
3. Fill the coolant surgetank with the propermix, up to
“FULL COLD’ or just above the small cylinder at
the baseof the opening.
202
5. By this time, the coolant levelinside the coolant
surge tank may be lower.
If the level is lower, add
more of the proper mix to the coolant surge tank
until thelevel reaches thesplit line formed by the
black and white partof the tank.
6. Then replace the
pressure cap. Be sure
the pressure cap is tight.
4. With the coolant surge tank pressur\e cap off,
start the
engine and letit run until you can feel the upper
radiator hose getting hot. Watch
out for the engine
fan.
203
.If a Tire Goes Flat
1
Changing a Flat Tire
It’s unusual for atire to “blow out” while you’re driving, If a tire goes flat, avoid furthertire and wheel damage
by driving slowlyto a level place. Turn on your hazard
especially if you maintain yourtires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly. warning flashers.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here
are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flat tire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that
side: Take yourfoot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
to a
Steer to maintain lane position, then gentlv I.
stop well out ofthe traffic lane.
A
“-CAUTION:
I Changing a tire can
cause an injury. The
vehicle
can slip off the jack and roll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured. Find
a level place to change your tire. To help prevent
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a the vehicle from moving:
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
1. Set the parking brake K- A y .
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
2. Put the shift lever in “P” (Park
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
3. Turn off the engine.
steering the way you want the vehicle to go.It may be
To be even more certain the vehicle won’t mob
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
you can put chocks at the front and rear of t
brake to a stop, welloff the road if possible.
tire farthest away from the one being changed,
If your tire goesflat, the next section shows how to use I That would be the tire on the oP?r side of the
your jacking equipment to change a flat tire safely.
vehicle, the oppos’- end.
CAUTION: (Continued)
1
I
'
The following steps will tellyou how to use the jack and
change a tire.
The equipment you'll need is in the trunk.
205
Wheel Covers
Aluminum Wheel Nut Covers
To remove this wheel cover
use the flat endof the
wheel wrench. Take the
small cover‘offto access
the wheel nuts.
Remove either of these wheel covers by using the flat Using the wheel wrench, loosen
all the wheel nuts.
end of thewheelwrench.Pryalongtheedge
of theDon’tremovethemyet.
Lift the handle from the jack and raise it straight up.
wheel cover until it comes off. Be careful; the rim edges
may be sharp. Don’t try to remove
it with your bare
Turn thejack handle to raise thejack lift head slightly.
hands.
206
s
i <.&,j
:
.
,-
,;pi>@,
..
'+.. ::
>?
!,
.
-,1.
:
G s e the vehicle by
Raise the vehiclefar enough off the ground so there is
enough room for the spare tire to fit.
Remove all the wheel nuts and take
off the flat tire.
208
.
i
.
Remove any rust ordirt from the wheel bolts, mounting
surfaces or spare wheel. Place thespare on the wheel
mounting surface.
A
CAUTION:
Rust: or 'dirt on the wheel,or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the wheelnuts
become loose after a time. The w~heel
could come
off and cause an accident.
When you change a
wheel, remove anyrust or dirt from the places
whiere the wheel attach'esto the vehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a doth olr a paper towel
to do this; but.be swe to :usea scraper orwire
Ibr'ush later,if you need inl.to get all the rust or
dirt off.
Replace the wheel nuts
with the rounded endof the
nuts toward the wheel.
Tighten each nut by hand
until the wheelis held
against the hub.
"
1
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts. If you
do, the n"s might come loose. Your wheel cou!l
fall oEf, causing a serious accidenlt.
_I
209
I
Lower the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lower thejack completely.
210
Tighten the wheel nuts firmlyin a crisscross sequenceas
shown.
Now put all the equipment back inthe car.
n
/!\ CAUTION:
Just follow this drawing:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the wheel to become loose
and even comeoff. This could lead to an
accident. Be sure to get the right kind.
Stop somewhere assoon as you can and have
the nuts tightened with a torque wrench. The
torque setting shouldbe 140 N.m (100 ft. Ibs.)
Don’t tryto put the wheel cover on your compact spare
in the trunk until
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover
you have the flat tire repaired or replaced.
I
;q,yy+4
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If you try to put a wheel cover on your c o r n p ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~~~~
~~~~~,~~~
211
when you are driving with a compact spare. See
“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light” in the Index.
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,Ice or
Snow
Storing a jack, a tire, or otherequipment in the
passenger compartment of the vehicle COL
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, lo ~e
equipment could strike s-neone.Store all these
in the r-7per place.
~
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck
is to spin your wheels.The method known as “rocking ”
can help youget out when you’re stuck, but you must
use caution.
If you letyow tires spinat Mgh speed, theycan
expl’odeand yo’uor ,otherscould be injured. And,
the tra.nsaxle or other parts of ,the vehilclecs-overheat. Thatcould cause an engine fire or
other damage. When you’re stuck, spin the
wheels as little as possible. Do:n’tspin the
he
wheel~s’
above 35 mph (55
speedometer.,
I
213
Rocking your vehicle to getit out:
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
, spinning the
and forth between “R” and a forward gear
wheels as little as possible. Release the accelerator pedal
while you shift, and press lightly on the accelerator
pedal whenthe transaxle is in gear. If that doesn’t get
to be towed out.
you out after a few tries, you may need
If you do need to be towed out, see “Towing Your Car”
in the Index.
A
L
Doing Your Own Service Work
CAUTION:
You can be injured if you try todo service work
on a vehicle without knowing enough about it.
a Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, and the proper replacement
parts and tools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task.
a Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners.“English” and “metric”
fasteners can be easily confused. If you
use the wrong fasteners, parts can later
break or fall off. You could be hurt.
Fuel
Use regular unleaded gasoline ratedat 87 octane or
14 in
higher. It should meet specifications ASTM D48
the U.S. and CGSB 3.5-92 in Canada. These fuels
should have the proper additives,so you should not have
to add anythingto the fuel.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel
that is no more than10%ethanol isfine for your
vehicle.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
In the U.S. and Canada, it’s easy to be sure you get the
right kind of gasoline (unleaded).You’ll see
“UNLEADED” right on the pump. And only unleaded
nozzles will fit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
87. If the octane is
Be sure the posted octane is at least
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough,it can damage your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated 87
at octane or higher and you
still hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
But don’t worry if you hear little
a pinging noise when
you’re acceleratingor driving up a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to get rid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
What about gasoline with blending materials that
contain oxygen, suchas MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.” Fuel thatis no
more than 15% MTBE is fine for your vehicle.
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with detergent additives will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system. That helps keep your engine in tune and your
emission control system working properly. It’s good for
your vehicle, and you’ll be doing your part for cleaner
air.
Many gasolines are now blended with materials called
oxygenates. General Motors recommends that you use
217
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable.It burns
violently,andthat can causeverybadinjuries.
I
A
CAUTION:
If you get gasoline on you and then something
ignites it, you could be badly burned. Gasoline
can spray out on you if you open the fuel filler
cap too quickly. This spray can happen if your
tank is nearly full, and is more likely in hot
weather. Openthe fuel filler cap slowly and wait
for any “hiss” noise to stop. Thenunscrew the
cap all the way.
m
cay_, the
Y,
put you
When
----I until
on,
right
turn
theit to
.
YOU hear a clicking noise.
While refueling, hang the cap inside the
fuel door. .
a
-
.~ :
..
I.
’
4
Y
To take off the cap, turnit slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
pe. Your dealer can get one for you. If you get
e wrong type, it may not fit or have prope
enting, and your fuel tank and emissions
220
Checking ThingsUnder the .Hood
Hood Release
To open the hood, first pull
the handle insidethe
Ivehicle. It is located in the
area to the left and beneath
the instrument panel.
Then go to the frontof the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release.
Lift the hood.
221
I
1
A
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
An electric fan under thehood can start upand
injure you even when theengine is not running
Keep hands, clothing and tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
I
I
Things that burn can geton hotengine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids likegasoline,.
oil, coolant, brakefluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could be burned. Becareful not todrop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Before closing the hood,be sure all thefiller caps are on
properly.
Then just pull the hood down and close it firmly.
'
Engine Oil
It's a good ideato check your engineoil every time you
get fuel. In order to getan accurate reading, theoil must
be warm andthe vehicle must beon level ground.
1
I
The engine oil dipstick is located directly behind the
engine fan.
Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes
to get
back down into the oil pan. If you don't, the oil dipstick
might not showthe actual level.
223
To Check Engine Oil: Pull out the dipstick and cleanit
with a paper towelor cloth, then pushit back in all the
way. Remove it again, keeping the tip lower.
When to Add Oil: If the oil is at or below the upper
mark, then you’ll needto add some oil. But you must
use the right kind,. This section explains what kind
of oil
to use. For crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
224
I
What Kind of Oil to Use:
Look for three things:
SG
“SG’ must be on the oil container, eitherby itself or
combined with other quality designations, suchas
“SG/CC,” “SG/CD,” “SF,SG,CC;”etc. These letters
show American PetroleumInstitute (API) levelsof
quality.
I
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST
FUEL ECONOW AND COLD
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE El..
“F
r
“C
k100
.+38
+ 80
.+27
+ 60
- +16
+ 40
.+4
+ 20
.-7
0
0
LOOK
FOR THIS
LABEL
HOT
WEATMER
r
.-18
16, SELECT
THE
LOWEST
TEMPERATURE RANGE.
-_.-J
IOW-30
1
-
SAE low-30 (V6 3.3L LG7 Engine)
As shown in this viscosity chart,SAE 1OW-30 is
best for your vehicle. However, you can use SAE
5W-30 if it’s going to be colder than60 O F ( 16 C)
before your nextoil change. When it’s very cold,
below O°F (-18 C), you should use SAE 5W-30.
above WF
f
WEATHER
SAE 5W-30
IF NEITHER SAE 5W-30 NOR SAE 1OW-30
GRADE OILS’ARE AVAILABLE, SAE 30
GRADE MAY BE USED AT TEMPERATURES
ABOVE 40 DEGREES F (4 DEGREES C).
DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR
ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
RECOMMENDED SAE VlSCOSlTY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OL
I FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
FOR
LOOK
THIS
HOT
WEATHER
@
5W-30
LABEL
"t'LcoNse94'
SAE 5W-30 (L4 2.3L L40 Engine)
As shown in this viscosity chart, SAE
5W-30 is best
for your vehicle. However, you can useS A E low-30
if it's going to be0 O F (-18 C) or above.
These numbers on an oil container show its viscosity, or
thickness.
Energy Conserving I1
Oils with these words on the container will help you
save fuel.
This doughnut-shaped logo (symbol) is used on most
oil
containers to help you select the correct oil.
IE 1OW-30
SAE 5W-30
PREFERRED
COLD
WEATHER
226
IF NEITHER SAE 5W-30 NOR SAE low-30
GRADE OILS ARE AVAILABLE, SAE 30
GRADE MAY BE USED AT TEMPERATURES
ABOVE 40 DEGREES F (4 DEGREES C).
DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40, SAE 2OW-50 OR
ANY OTHER GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
You should look for this on the
oil container, and use
only those oils that display the logo.
GM Goodwrench@ oil (in Canada,
GM Engine Oil)
meets all the requirements for your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives: Don't add anything to your oil.
Your Buick dealer is readyto adviseif you think
something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil: See if any one of these
is true for you:
Most trips are less than 4 miles (6 km).
I
1
0
It’s below freezing outside and most trips are less
than 10 miles (16 km).
0
The engine is at low speed mostof the time (as in
door-to-door delivery, orin stop-and-go traffic).
0
You tow a trailer often.
0
Most trips are through dusty places.
If any one of these istrue for your vehicle, thenyou
need to change youroil and filter every 3,000 miles ( 5
000 km) or 3 months -- whichever comes first.
If none of them is true, changethe oil every7,500 miles
(12 500 km)or 12 months -- whichever comes first.
Change the filter at thefirst oil change andat every
other oil change after that.
Engine Block Heater: An engine block heater can be a
big help if you have to park outside in very cold
weather, -20 F (-29 C)or colder. If your vehicle has
this option, see “Engine Block Heater.” inthe Index.
What to Do with Used Oil:
sed engine oil contains things that have caused
I skin
cancer in laboratory animals. Don’t let used
oil stay on your skin for very long.
Clean your
skin and nails with soap and water,or a good
hand cleaner. Washor properly throw away
c-othing or rags containing usedengine oil.
Used oil can be a real threatto the environment. Don’t
ever dispose of it by pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies
of water. Instead,
oil. If
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used
you have a problempropeily disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
227
Air Cleaner
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when
to replace the air filter.
The air cleaner is located on the driver’s side
of the
engine compartment.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
A
CAUTION:
Operating the engine with the air cleaner off can
cause you or others to be burned. Theair cleaner
not onlycleans the air, it stops flame if the
engine backfires. If it isn't there, and the engine
backfires, you couldbe burned. Don't drive with
it off, and be careful working on the engine with
the air cleaner off-
Wait at least30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
Then; without shutting off the engine, follow these
steps:
When outside temperatures are above ’
90
F (32 ’C).
0
At high speed .for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which is180’F to 200’F (82OC
to 93“C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about15 miles
(24 km)when outside temperaturesare above 50’F
(10 C). If it’s colder than50 O F (10 ’C), you may have
to drive longer.
To’checkthe fluid level:
0
Park your vehicle ona level place.
e Place theshift lever in“F”’ (Park) with the parking
brake applied.
0
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing
for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in “P,’ (Park).
Let the enginerun at idle far three to five minutes.
.I. Pull out the dipstick and wipeit with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. . Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pullit back out again.
0
0
0
0
0
Give freezing protection down to
-34°F (-37 "C).
Give boiling protectionup to 262 F (128 "C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights workas they should.
231
~~~x~~~~
of one-half clean water (preferably
“GM
distilled) and one-half antifreeze that meets
Specification 1825-M,” which won’t damage aluminum
parts. You can also use a recycled coolant conforming to
GM Specification 1825-M with a complete coolant-flush
and refill. Use GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer)
with any complete coolant change.
If you use these, you
don’t needto add anything else.
1A
n
I
warrantv. Too much water in the mix can freeze
Adding Coolant
CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid likealcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant mix. With
plain water or the wrong mix, your engine could
get too hot but youwouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire and you or
others could be burned. Usea 50150 mix of clean
water and a proper antifreeze.
The surge tankis located on
the passenger’s sideof the
engine compartment.
To Check Coolant: When
.your engine is
cold, the
coolant level should be
at
“FULL COLD,” or alittle
higher.
To Add Coolant: If you need more coolant, add the
proper mix at the surge tank, but only when the engine is
cool.
A
CAUTION:
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn youbadly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure cap even a
little when the engine and radiator are hot.
--
--
1A
Surge Tank Pressure Cap
I
When you replace your surge tank pressure cap,
a GM
cap is recommended.
Thermostat
I
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spillcoolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn ifthe engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
1
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an
ACS thermostat
is recommended.
233
Power Steering Fluid
I
How To Check Power Steering Fluid:
Unscrew the cap and wipe
the dipstick with .a clean rag.
Replace the cap and completely tightenit. Then remove
the cap again and lookat the fluid level on the dipstick.
When the engine compartment is hot, the level
should be at the“HOT” mark.
When the engine compartmentis cool, the level
should be at the “FULL COLD” mark.
234
What to Add:
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
Windshield Washer Fluid
To Add:
c
Open the cap labeled
“WASHER FLUID ONLY.”
Add washer fluid until the
bottle isfull.
9
Don’t mix w
fluid. Water can cause the solutionto
freeze and damage your washerfluid tan
water doesn’t clean as well as wash
e Fill your washer fluid tank only 3/4 f
when it’s very cold.This allows for
expansion, which c
235
1
BrakeMasterCylinder
1
Your brake master cylinderis here. It is filled with
DOT-3brakefluid.
off’
won’t workat all. So, it isn’t a good idea to “top
your brake fluid. Adding brake. fluid won’t correct a
leak. If you add fluid when your linings
are worn, then
you’ll have too much fluid when you get new brake
as
linings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid,
necessary, only when workis done on the brake
hydraulic system.
I
A
1
CAUTION:
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill on
if the engineis hot
the engine. The fluid will burn
enough. You or others could be burned, andyour
vehicle could be damaged. Addbrake fluid only
when work is done on the br, e hl ‘raulic
system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in warning light will come on. See “Brake System Warning
your master cylinder might
go down. The first is that the
Light’’ in the Index.
brake fluid goes downto an acceptable level during
are put in,
normal brake lining wear. When new linings
What to Add:
the fluid level goes back up.
The other reasonis that
When youdo need brake fluid, use only
DOT-3 brake
fluid is leaking outof the brake system.If it is, you
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme and regular 11(GM part
should have your brake system fixed, since a leak means#1052535). Use new brake fluid from a sealed container
that sooner or later your brakes
won’t work well, or
only.
236
I
balance betweenyour front and rear brakes can change,
for the worse. The braking performance you’ve come
to
expect.can change in many other ways
if someone puts
in the wrong replacement brake parts.
Battery
Every new Buick has a Delco
Freedoms battery. You
never have to add water one
to of these. Whenit’s time
a Delco Freedoms
for a new battery, we recommend
battery. Get one that hasthe catalog number shown on
the original battery’s label.
Vehicle Storage
Replacing Brake System Parts
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its
many parts have to be
of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, as your Buick does when it is new. When
you replace partsof your braking system-- for example,
when your brake linings wear down and you have to
have new ones putin -- be sure you get new genuine
GM replacement parts.If you don’t, your brakes mayno
longer work properly. For example, if someone puts in
brake linings thatare wrong for your vehicle, the
If you’re not goingto drive your vehiclefor 25 days or
more, take off the black, negative(-) cable fromthe
battery. This will help keep your battery from running
4A
1
CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurtif you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
237
Contact your dealerto learn how to prepare your
fehicle
for longer storage periods.
Headlamp Bulb Replacement
:Halogen Bulbs
IA
CAUTION:
Halogen bulbshave pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb.You or
others couldbe injured. Take special care when
handling and disposingof halogen bulbs.
Raise the hood and locate the headlamp bulb retainers.
To remove the access cover retainers,turn them 1/4 turn
and lift the coveroff.
3 34
Pull the bulb/socket straightout from the access cover.
Remove the wire connectfrom the bulb by lifting the
lock tab and pullingit away from the plastic base.
Replace the bulb. Reverse
the procedures to reinstall the
headlamp bulb.
239
Loading Your Vehicle
and includes the weightof all occupants, cargo,
and all
-
nonfactory-installedoptions.
TIRE-LOADI',NG INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE
CAP.
WT.
CTR.
FRT.
RR.
TOTAL
KG
LBS.
F
a.
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE GVWR' GAWR
FRT
GAWR
:.r
.~,.
( 1
MAX... LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
CAPACITY WEIGHT- XXX
COLD
'TIRE
PRESSURE
SPEED
SIZE TIRE
PSI/KPa
.R.TG
FRT.
.c. ..,
- .,.
RR.
- -i,
.y - e,;
2-.,SPA.
IF TlRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PSI28KPa
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
.$$##,::
,.,
:
3
.
~
' L j
..
~
,:.,:
.
.
:.I.
I
'
,
,~,,
. -.
>
RR
.
i<
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICA5LE US. FED.ERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE..
11)mp
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight
it
may properly carry.The Tire-Loading Information label
found on the rear edge ofthe driver's door tellsyou the
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation
pressures for the tireson your vehicle. It also gives you
important information aboutthe number of people that
can bein your vehicle and the total weight that you can
carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight
The other label is the Certification label, found on the
rear edge of the driver's door.It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called theGVWR
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). The GVWR includesthe
fuel and cargo.
weight of the vehicle, all occupants,
or the Gross
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle,
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or rear
axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it
(60 kilograms)
out. Don’t carry more than 132 pounds
in your trunk.
A
A
CAUTION:
Do not loadyour vehicle any heavierthan the
GVWR or the maximum front and rear GAWRs. If
you do, parts onyour vehicle can break, or it can
change the way your vehicle handles. These
could cause you to lose control. Also, $
overloading can shorten the life of youi-vehicle.
’
I
I
I
CAUTION:
Things you put insideyour vehicle can strike and
injure people in a sudden stop orturn, or in a
crash.
Put things in the trunk of your vehicle.
In a trunk, put them as farforward as you
can. Try to spread the weight evenly.
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever you can.
Don’t leave a seatfolded down unless you
need to.
I
Tires
If you put things inside your vehicle
-- like suitcases,
tools, packages, or anythingelse -- they will goas fast
as the vehicle goes.If you have tostop or turn quickly,
or if there isa crash, they’ll keep going.
We don’t make tires.Your new vehicle comes with high
quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer. These
tires are warranted by the tire manufacturers and their
warranties are delivered with every new Buick.
If your
spare tire is a different brand than your road tires,
you
will have a tire warranty folder from each
of these
manufacturers.
241
-
I
Inflation Tire Pressure
I
The Tire-Loading Information label which is located on
the rear edgeof the driver’s door shows the correct
inflation pressures for your tires, when they’re cold,
“Cold” means your vehicle has been sitting at
forleast
a mile.
three hours or driven no more than
overinflation is all right. it’s not.
If your tires d
have enough air (underinflation) you can get:
0 Too much flexin
0 Too much heat
Tire overloadi
0 Badwear
0 Badhandlin
0 Bad fuel ec
If your tires have too
I
242
When to Check: Check your tiresonce a month or
more.
Don’t forget your compactspare tire. It should beat 60
psi (420 P a ) .
How tco Check: Use a good quality pocket-type gage to
check tire pressure. Simply lookingat the tires will not
you have radial tires-tell you the pressure, especially if
which may look~properlyinflated evenif they’re
underinflated.
If your tires have valvecaps, be sureto put them back
on. They help preventleaks~by keeping out dirt and
moisture.
1
Use this rotation pattern.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the
front and
rear inflation pressureas shown on the Tire-Loading
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts
are
To make your tires last longer, have them, inspected and properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque”
in the
rotated at the mileages recommended in the
Index.
Maintenance Schedule.See “Scheduled Maintenance
Services” in the Index.
243
When It%Time for New Tires
One way to tell when it’s
time for new tiresis to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 2/32 inch (1.6
mm) or less of tread
remaining.
You need a new tireif
0
0
0
You can see the indicatorsat three places around
the tire.
You can see cord or fabric showing through the tire’s
rubber.
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cutor snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut, or other damage that
can’t be repaired well becauseof the size or location
of the damage.
A
CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause youto lose control
Buying New Tires
while driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or
types (radial and bias-belted tires), the vehicle
To find out what kind and size
of tires you need, look at
may not handle properly, and youcould have a
the Tire-Loading Information label.
crash. Be sure to use the same size and type
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had tires on all wheels.
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare,
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
though. It was developed forlimited use on your
get ones with that sameTPC Spec number. That way,
vehicle.
I
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed
rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
your vehicle.If your tires have an all-season tread
The following information relatesto the system
design, the TPC number will be followed
by a “MS”
developed by the United States National Highway
(for mud and snow).
Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires by
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
TPC Spec number, make sure they
are the same size,
(This applies onlyto vehicles sold in the United States.)
load range, speed rating and construction type
(bias,
bias-belted or radial)as your original tires.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rateof the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded150 would wear one and a half
245
(1 112) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditionsof their use, however, and
may depart significantly fromthe norm due to variations
in driving habits, servicepractices.anddifferences in
road characteristics and climate.
-
’Ikaction A, B, C
.
The grade C corresponds to a levelof performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under
the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levelsof performance onthe
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately
or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
The traction grades, from highest
to lowest are: A,B,
and C. They represent the tire’s.abilityto stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
Those gradesare molded on the sidewallsof passenger
specified government test surfacesof asphalt and
car tires.
concrete. A tire markedC may have poor traction
performance.
While the tires availableas standard or optional
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based equipment on General Motors vehicles may vary with
on braking (straight-ahead) traction tests and does not respect to these grades, all such tires meet General
Motors performance standards and have been approved
include cornering (turning) traction.
for use on General Motors vehicles. All passenger type
(P Metric) tires must conform to Federal safety
Temperature A, B, C
requirements in addition to these grades.
The temperature grades are A (the highest),B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation
of
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
controlled conditionson a-specified indoor laboratory
carefully at the factory to give
you the longest tirelife
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause
the
and
best
overall
performance.
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can leadto sudden tire failure.
-
246
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels
. aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tire wear
or your vehicle pullingone way orthe other, the
alignment may need to be reset.
If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel thatis bent, cracked or badly rusted.
If wheel nuts keep coming loose,the wheel, wheel bolts,
and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the wheel leaks air
out, replace it (except some aluminum wheels, which
can sometimes be repaired-- See your Buick dealer)if
any of these conditions exist.
A\
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacement wheels,wheel
bolts, or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, makeyour tires lose
and make you losecontrol. You could have a
collision in which you orothers could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts, and
wheel nuts forreplacement
Your dealer will knowthe kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should havethe same load carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset, and be mounted
the
same wayas the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any
of your wheels, wheel bolts,
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new
GM original
equipment parts. Thisway, you will be sure to. have the
right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for your Buick
model.
,
earing life, brake cooling,
peedQmeter/Qdometercali
im, bumper height, vehicl
nd tire or tire chain clearance to the body an
247
I Cleaning products can be hazardous. Some are
toxic. Others can. burst intoflame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle.
Some aredangerous if you breathe their fumes
in a closed space. When you use anything in a
container to clean your Buick, be sure to follow
the instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you're cleaning the inside.
lj
/I
1 /
. -I
il
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
0 Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
0 Paint Thinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
0 Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous some more than
others and they can all damage your vehicle,
too.
--
--
I
r
1
I
’
1
e Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated area
the stained area.
only. If you use them, don’t saturate
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately orit will set.
Using Foam-Type Cleaner on Fabric
0
Wipe *with a clean cloth.
0
Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
0
Always clean a wholetrim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trimalong stitch or welt lines.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaneron
Fabric
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the
directions on the container label.
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at
all.
off better withjust
Some spots and stains will clean
water and mild soap.
0
0
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material.
Don’t rub it roughly.
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
0
Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
0
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel
or cloth.
0
Then dry it immediately with an air hose, a hair
dryer or a heat lamp.
If you need to use it, then:
Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner,
light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start at the outside
of
the stain, “feathering” toward
the center. Keep
changing to a clean section
of the cloth.
When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately dry
the area with an air hose, hair dryer, or heat lamp to
help prevent a cleaning ring. (See the previous
NOTICE.)
Special Cleaning Problems
Greasy or Oily Stains: Like grease, oil, butter,
margarine, shoe polish, coffee with cream, chewing
gum, cosmetic creams, vegetable oils,
wax crayon, tar
and asphalt.
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
Then follow the solvent-type instructions above.
0
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stainif
left on a vehicle seatfabric. They should be removed
as soon as possible. Be careful, becausethe cleaner
will dissolve them and may cause them
to bleed.
Non-Greasy Stains: Like catsup, coffee (black), egg,
fruit, fruitjuice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and
blood.
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions
above.
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat
the area with awaterbaking soda solution: 1
teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
Finally, if needed, clean lightly with solvent-type
cleaner.
Combination Stains: Like candy, ice cream,
mayonnaise, chili sauce and unknown stains.
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to dry.
0 If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl or Leather
Just use warm water and a clean cloth.
0
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to removedirt. You
may have todo it more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if
you don’t get themoff quickly. Use a clean cloth and
solvent-type vinylbeather cleaner.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument
Panel
Use only mildsoap and water to clean the
top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in
the windshield
and even make it difficult see
to through the windshield
under certain conditions.
251
Care of SafetyBelts
Cleaning the Outside of the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
Keep belts clean and dry.
1
/!\ CAUTION:
1
Do notbleach or dyesafety bc s. If youdo, it
may severely weaken them.In a crash they might
not be able to provide adequate protection. Clean
safety belts only -th mild soapandlukewarm
I
'ater.
I
Glass
Glass should be cleaned often.GM Glass Cleaner (GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
films.
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax
or other material may be on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon-Ami Powders (GM Part No.
1050011). The windshield is clean if beads do not form
when you rinse it with water.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously witha cloth
soaked in full strength windshield washer solvent. Then
rinse the blade with water.
a regular basis and
Wiper blades should be checked on
replaced when worn.
Cleaning the Outside ofYour Buick
Don't use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they
may
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
cause scratches.Avoid placing decals on the inside rear of color, gloss retention and durability.
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners are used on the inside
of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finish to
is keep
it cleanby washing it often with lukewarm or cold
water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the
direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquidhand,dishorcarwashing(non-detergent)soaps.
Don’t use cleaning agents that contain acid or abrasives.
All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly and not
allowed to dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry
the finish with a soft, clean chamois or100%
a cotton
towel to avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
Aluminum Wheels (If So Equipped)
YouralUminUm wheels have a protective Coating SiIdar
to the painted surfaceof your car. Don’t use strong
soaps, chemicals, chrome polish,
or other abrasive
cleaners on them because you could damage this
coating. After rinsing thoroughly, a wax may be applied.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter your
vehicle.
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of your Buick may
be necessary to remove residue from
the paint finish.
You can get GM approved cleaning pr,oducts from your
dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” in
the
Index.)
if you have aluminum wheels, don’t use an
automatic vehicle wash that has hard silicon
carbide cleaning brushes. These brushes can
take off the Drotectivecoatina.
Your Buick has a “basecoat/clearcoat” paint finish. The
clearcoat gives more depth and gloss to the colored
basecoat.
253
.
1
White Sidewail Tires
Foreign Material
your Buick dealer hasa GM White Sidewall Tire
Cleaner. You can use a stiff brush with it.
Calcium chloride and other salts, ice melting agents,
road oil andtar, tree sap, bird droppings, chemicals from
industrial chimneys, and other foreign matter can
if they remain on painted
damage your vehicle’s finish
surfaces. Use cleaners thatare marked safefor painted
surfaces for these stains.
Weatherstrips
These are places where glass or metal meets rubber.
Silicone grease there will make them last longer, seal
better, and not stick or squeak. Apply silicone grease
with a clean cloth at least every six months.
Sheet Metal Damage
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion materialto the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
254
Finish Damage
Any stone chips, fractures. or deep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into
a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areasof finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemical Paint Spotting
Chemicals usedfor ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on
the underbody. If theseare not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur the
on
underbody parts suchas fuel lines, frame, floor pan, and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
protection.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and
attack painted surfaceson your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
At least every spring, flushthese materials from the
underbody with plain water. Cleanany areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system
can do this for you.
Although no defectin the paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to the owner,the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever comes first.
x
255
I
Appearance Care,andMaintenance Materials
You can get thesefrom your Buick dealer.
'
PART
NUMBER
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
12345343
16 oz. (0.473L)
Magic Mirror CremeWax
Exterior cleanerand polish
I052277
12 OZ. (0.354L)
Spray-A-Squeak
Weather strips
1052863
1 oz. (0.028kg)
Silicone Grease
Stops squeaks
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Also removes old waxes, polishes
16 OZ. (0.473L)
Chrome Cleaner and Polish
Removes rust and corrosion
16 oz. (0.473L)
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
Cleans white and black tires
.
oz. (0.473L)
16 7210501
1050173
174
1050
(2.72kg) lb.
, .
.
1050214
32 oz. (0.946L)
Vinylbeather Cleaner
Spot and stain removal
1050244
16 02. (0.473L)
Fabric Cleaner
Spot and stain removal
1050427
23 oz. (0.680L)
Glass Cleaner
Also spot cleans vinyls
6 1050429
Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner
Cleans vinyland cloth, also, tires and mats
Lubriplate (White Grease)
For hood, trunk, door hinges
and latches
oz. (0.473L)
Preservatone
Vinyl Top Dressing
81051398*
oz. (0.237L)
Spot Lifter
For cloth
321051515
oz. (0.946L)
Washer Solvent
Windshield-washing ystem
1052870
16 oz. (0.473L)
~
1052349
161055105
12 oz. (0.340kg)
Wash-Wax (conc.)
Exterior Wash
~
* Not recommendedfor pigskin suede leather.
See Your General MotorsDealers for These Products.'
See Your Maintenance Schedulefor Other Products.
256
. .
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label onthe deck lid. It’s very helpful if
you ever .need to order parts. On this label is:
1111 1111111. II I I 111I II11111 111I11111111 IIIIIIIIIIII 1111 I l l I
ENGIME A
MODEL
CODE
3t
YEAR.
AQEMBLY
PLANT
This is the legal identifier for your Buick.
It appears on
a plate inthe front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side.You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle.The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates
of title and registration.
0
Your VIN.
0
Its model designation.
0
Paintinformation.
0
A list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
Add-on Electrical Equipment
Engine Identification
The eighth character in yourVIN is the engine code for
you identify your
your GM engine. This code will help
engine, specifications, and replacement parts in this
section.
257
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your car
are protected from short
circuits.by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers, and
fusible thermal links in
the wiring itself. This greatly
reduces the chanceof fires caused by electrical
problems.
Be sure to use the correct fuse.
If you ever havea
problemontheroadanddon’thave
a sparefuse,you
can “borrow” oneof the identical size and rating. Just
pick some featureof your car that youcan get along
without -- like the radio or cigarette lighter-- and use its
fuse, if it is ofthe value you need. Replace
it as soon as
you can.
I
The fuse panelis to the left of the steering column, near
the parking brake release lever. Pull the cover down to
access the fus.es.
I
258
~~
Fuse Usage
Amp
Description
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
10
20
20
15
5
5
10
15
15
25
PRNDL
F/P INJ
STOP HAZ
CTSY
RKE
INST LPS
GAUGES
HORN
ALARM
HTR-A/C
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
10
20
20
20
30
25
15
20
30
20
20
RDO IGN
TURN
DR LK
TAIL LPS
WDO
WIPER
ERLS
FTP
ACC
IGN ECM
HDLP
1.
2.
3.
4.
Backup Lamps, Electronic PRNDL Display
Fuel Pump, Fuel Injectors
Stop Lamps, Hazard Flashers
Trunk Lamp,-DoorLock Switches, Power Mirrors
(Automatic Transmission Only) Remote Keyless Entry
Instrument Panel Lighting
Gauges, Rear Defog Relay, Antilock Brake Telltale, Brake Transmission Shift Interlock
Horn
Multi-Function Alarm Module
Heater, Air Conditioning, Antilock Brakes, Daytime Running Lamps (Canada), Computer
Controlled Ride
Radio Power, Cruise Control
Turn Signals
Power Door Lock Relay
.Tail Lamps, Marker Lamps, License Lamps
(Circuit Breaker) Power Windows
Windshield Wipers
Engine controls
Flash-to-Pass (U.S. Only)
(Circuit Breaker) Rear Window Defogger, Power Door Locks, Power Seats, Power Antenna
Ecm, Ignition System
(Circuit Breaker) Headlamps
259
The fuse chart, below, shows howto tell a blownfuse
. .
a good fuse.
from
GOOD
FUSE
1
'' u
I
r- -tu
RATING
GM PART NO.
12004003 ................... 3 AMP
12004005 ................... 5 -AMP
12004006 ................... 7.5 AM.P
12004007 ................... 10AMP
12004008 ................... 15 AMP
12004009 ................... 20AMP
12004010 ................... 25 AMP
12004011 ................... 30AMP
BLOWN
FUSE
COLOR
VIOLET
TAN
BROWN
RED
LIGHT BLUE
YELLOW
WHITE
LIGHT GREEN
Windshield Wipers
.
The windshield wiper motoris protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse.If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow, etc., the wiper will stop untilthe motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electrical problem and
it fixed.
not snow, etc., be sure to get
,
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load istoo heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed or goes
away.
Headlights
The headlight wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in
the fuseblock. An electrical overload will cause the
off, or in some cases to remain
off. If
lights to go on and
this happens, have your headlight wiring checked right
away.
260
I
Skylark Dimensions
Inches Unless Otherwise Noted
Overall:
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Width .....................
Height ....................
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FrontTread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RearTread . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sedan
CoupeRear:
Interior
Sedan
Coupe
189.1
67.5
53.2
103.4
55.9
54.4
Interior Front:
LegRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43.3
Head Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37.8
ShoulderRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.6
Hip Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49.1
189.1
67.5
53.2
103.4
55.9
54.4
43.3
37.8
54.1
49.1
LegRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HeadRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ShoulderRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HipRoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
34.0
36.5
55.0
50.3
33.5
37.0
53.8
50.6
Trunk Capacitv .
CU. Ft. . . . 13.3
13.3
Passengers:
Front ......................
Rear .......................
2
3
Base CurbWeight .
Lbs . . . 2782
2
3
2846
261
1
Replaceable Light Bulbs
Application
Application
Number
EXTERIOR
Headlight
9004
Side Marker ...........................
194
Park/Turn ..............................
20057
Backup .............................
1156
High Level Stop ........................
194
License ...............................
194
Marker ................................
194
Tail ..................................
3057
Tail/Stop/Turn ..........................
INTERIOR
262
Ashtray ...............................
Footwell Courtesy .......................
Header Reading .........................
Glove Box .............................
Quartercourtesy ........................
Trunk ..................................
Underhood .............................
VanityMirror .........................
Number
161
168
168
194
168
562
906
7065
.
Capacities and Specifications
Engine Code D1 (L40)22.3L L-4
(QUAD 4) OHC
Belt TensionsFront crankbelt: automatically controlledby an
idler pulley. Tension adjustment should never be
ncessary. Power steering:450 Newtons
Cooling System Capacity10.4 quarts/9.8 liters
Crankcase Capacity4 quarts/3.8 liters
Air ConditioningCapaeity(Rl2)4 2.63 lbs. (1.19 kilograms)
Fuel Tank Capacity 15.2 gallons/57.5 liters
Transaxle, AutomaticCapacity 4 quarts/3.8 liters
Maintenance Item Part Numbers3
Air Filter - AI 172C
Fuel Filter - GF578
Oil Filter-PF1225 or PF47
PCV Valve - CV899C
Spark Plug- FR3LSK, GAP 0.035”
~~~~
1
8th Character of the Vehicle Identification Number.
z Made in a GM plant in the United States.
3
Part numbers are AC type.
4
Air Conditioning Refrigerant- Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same. If the air conditioning system in your
vehicle needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used. If you’re not sure ask your Buick dealer.
263
Capacities and Specifications
Engine Code N1 (LG7)23.3L L-6 MFI 3300
Belt TensionsAutomatically controlled by a self-tensioning idler
pulley. Tension adjustment.shouldn e w be
necessary.
Cooling System Capacity13 quarts/l2.5 liters
Crankcase Capacity4 quarts/3.8 liters
Air Conditioning Capacity(R12)d2.63 lbs. (1.19 kilograms)
1
2
3
4
Fuel Tank Capacity 15.2 gallons/57.5 liters
Transaxle Capacity 4 quartd3.8 liters
Maintenance Item Part Numbers3 Air Filter- A974C
Fuel Filter- GF48 1
Oil Filter- PF40
PCV Valve - CV899C
Spark Plug-41-600, GAP0.060”
8th Character of the Vehicle Identification Number.
Made in a GM plant in the United States.
Part numbers are AC type.
Air Conditioning Refrigerant- Not all air conditioning refrigerantsare the same. If the air conditioning system in your
vehicle needs refrigerant, besure the proper refrigerant is used. If you’re not sure ask your Buick dealer.
264
Part 7
MaintenanceSchedule
This part covers the maintenance required for your Buick
. Your vehicle needs these services to retain its safety.
.
dependability and emission control performance
Part 7 includes:
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A Word About Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Your Vehicle and the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How This Part is Organized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Your Maintenance Schedules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting the Right Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schedule11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section B: Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AtEachFuelFill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
At Least Once a Month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AtLeastOnceaYear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section E: Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
266
267
267
268
270
272
274
276
277
279
280
282
/
Introduction
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
A Word About Maintenance
,?.j
:i
i
Protection
Plan
Have you purchased theGM Protection Plan? The
Plan supplements your new vehicle warranties. See
your Buick dealer for details.
266
We at General Motors wantto help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll driveit. You may drive very short
a week. Or you may drive
distances only a few times
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your Vehicle in making deliveries. Or you
may drive it to work,to do errands or in many other
ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
GM
vehicles, maintenance needs vary.You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than
you will
So please read this part
find in the schedules in this part.
and note how you drive.
If you have any questions on
how to keep your vehicle in good condition, see your
Buick dealer, the place many GM owners choose to
Your dealer canbe
have their maintenance work done.
relied upon to use proper parts and practices.
Your Vehicle and the Environment
A
CAUTION:
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps
the
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance or the
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
removal of important components can significantly
work only if you have therequired know-how and
affect the quality of the-airwe breathe. Improper fluid
the proper tools and equipment for the
job. If you
levels or eventhe wrong tire inflation can increase the
have any doubt, have qualified
a
technician do
To help protect
level of emissions from your vehicle.
the work.
our environment, and to help keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
If you are skilled enoughto do some work on your
How This Part is Organized
vehicle, you will probably want to get the service
information GM publishes. You will find a listof
The remainder of this part is divided intofive sections:
publications and howto get.them in this manual. See
“Section A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
“Service Publications” inthe Index.
what to havedone and how often. Someof these
“Section B: Owner Checks and Services” tells you what
services can be complex,so unless you are technically
for fuel. It also
qualified and have the necessary equipment, you should should be checked whenever you stop
do to help keep your
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified explains what you can easily
vehicle in good condition.
service center do these
jobs.
“Section C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections” explains
important inspections that your Buick dealer’s service
department or another qualified service center should
perform.
“Section D: RecommendedFluidsandLubricants”lists
some productsGM recommends to help keep your
or their
vehicleproperlymaintained.Theseproducts,
equivalents, should be used whether youthe
dowork
yourself or have it done.
Section A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedules
This section tells you the maintenance services you
“Section E: Maintenance Record” provides a place
for
should have done and when you should schedule them.
you to record the maintenance performed on your
Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is performed, be
you to be happy withit. If you go to your dealer for your
sure to write it down in this section. This will help
you
service needs, you’ll know that GM-trained and
determine when your next maintenance should be done. supported service people will perform
the work using
In addition, it is a good idea to keep your maintenance genuine GM parts.
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
These schedules are for vehicles that:
warranty repairs.
0 carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
268
0
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
0
in
use the recommended unleaded fuel. See “Fuel”
the Index.
Selecting the Right Schedule
0
The engine is at low speed mostof the time (as in
door-to-door delivery, or in stop-and-go traffic).
First you’ll need to decide which of the two schedules is
0 You operate your vehicle in dusty areas.
rightforyourvehicle.Here’showtodecidewhich
schedule to follow:
0 You tow a trailer. (With some models, you shouldn’t
ever tow a trailer.See “Towing a Trailer” inthe
Schedule I
Index.)
Is any one of these true for your vehicle?
If any one (or more)of these is true for your driving,
0 Most trips are less than 4 miles (6 km).
follow Schedule I.
Most trips are less than 10 miles (16 km) when
outside temperaturesare below freezing.
Schedule I1
Follow ScheduleI1 only if none of the above conditions
is true.
269
Scheduled Maintenance Services Schedule I
b
-
Follow ScheduleI if your car is MAINLY driven under oneor more of the following conditions:
0 When most trips are less than 4 miles (6 kilometers).
0 When most trips are less.than 10 miles (16 kilometers) and outside temperatures remain below freezing.
0 When most trips indude extended idling and/or frequent low-speed operation as in stop-and-go traffic.
0
0
Towing a trailer."?
When operating in dusty areas.
Schedule I shouldalso be followed if the caris used for delivery service, police, taxi or other commercial applications.
TO BE SERVICED
(See Explanationof
Scheduled
Maintenance
Services
Following
Schedules I and 10
Item No.
I
II
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles
(kilometers)
or
Months,
Whichever
Occurs First
Every 3000 mi. (5000 km) or
1. h g i n e Oil & FilterChangemonths
2. Chassis
Lubrication
3. Throttle BodyMountingAt
Bolt Torque*
4.Tire &
Rotation
I
Inspection &
5. Engine Accessory Drive
Belt(s)
Inspection*
Every
270
Every
other
oil
change
6 000 mi.(10 000 km)
000'mi.
and
At 6every
then
15 (10
000000
mi.km)
(25 000
km) or as necessary
30 000 mi.
(50 000 km) or 24 months.
MILES (000)
3 1 6 1 9 112115118121124127130(33136139142145148
KILOMETERS (000)
5
10
65 70 75
a
.
a . . .
. .
0
0
0
80
a
TO BE SERVICED
[See Explanationof
Scheduled
Maintenance
Services
Following:
Schedules I and16
Item No.
7. Transaxle Service
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles
(kilometers)
or
I Months,
Whichever
Occurs First
I
I
MZLES (000)
.
.
3 6 9 1 2
KILOMETERS (000)
.
’
I
See Explanationof Scheduled
Maintenance Service
Following SchedulesI and I1
8. Spark Plug
Replacement*
9. Spark Plug Wire
Inspection*T
10.Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement*
Every 30 000 mi
(50 000 km)
11.Fuel Tank, Cap & Lines
Inspection*?
The services shown in this scheduleup to 48 000 miles (80 000 km) should be performed after
48 000 miles at the same intervals.
*
An Emission Control Service.
T The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has determined thatthe failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullifythe emissionwarranty or limit recall liability priorto thecompletion of
vehicle useful life. General Motors, however, urges thatall recommended maintenance services be performed at the indicated intervals andthe maintenance be recordedin “Section E:Maintenance
Record”.
Scheduled Maintenance Services Schedule
I1
I
Follow ScheduleI1 ONLY if none of the driving conditions specified in
Schedile I apply.
TO BE SERVICED
(See Explanationof
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I and 11)
Item No.
KILOMETERS (000)
12.5
7 500 mi.
mos.
12(12
orkm)
500
Engine
Change*
Oil
1.Every
Change*
Filter
Oil
MILES (000)
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers) or
Months, Whichever
Occurs First
change
oil
other
every
then
At
andfirst
e
500.-km)
12
or
mos.
Every 7 500 mi. (12
e
3. Throttle Body Mounting Bolt Torque*
only
At 7 500 mi. ( 12 500 km).
e
I
At 7 500 mi. (12 500 km) and then every
15 000 mi. (25 000 km) or as necessary
5. Engine Accessory Drive Belt(s) Inspection*
6. Cooling System Service*
272
Every 30 000 mi. (50 000 km)or 24 mos.
e
0
2. Chassis Lubrication
4.Tire & Wheel Inspection & Rotation
I 25 I 37.5 I
e
50
I 62.5 I
75
TO BE SERVICED
MILES (000)
WHEN TO PERFORM
Miles (kilometers) or
Months, Whichever
Occurs First
(See Explanationof
Scheduled Maintenance
Services Following
Schedules I and II)
Item No.
See Explanationof Scheduled Maintenance
II
Services
Following
Schedules
and
I
7. Transaxle Service
KILOMETERS (000)
I I I 1.1
I
8. Spark Plug Replacement*
9. Spark Plug Wire Inspection*?
I
I
1.1
I
I
0
i
10.Air Cleaner Filter Replacement*
11.Fuel Tank, Cau & Lines Inspection"?
Every 30 000 mi. (50 000 km)
0
0
~~
The services shown in this schedule upto 45 000 miles (75 000 km) should be performedafter 45 000 miles at the Same
intervals.
I
Explanation of Scheduled Maintenance
Services
.,
equipped with grease fittings, lubricate the
suspension and steering linkage.
I :
Throttle Body Mounting; Bolt Torque (3.3L Code
N engine only)* -- Che& the torque of the
mounting bolts and/or nuts.
The proper fluids and lubricantsto use are listed in
4. Tire and Wheel Rotation and Inspection -- For
Section D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle
proper wear and maximumtire life, rotate your tires
uses these. All parts should be replaced and all
following the instructions in this manual. See “Tires,
necessary repairs done before you or anyone else drives
Inspection & Rotation” in theIndex, Check the tires
the vehicle.
for uneven wear or damage.
If you see irregular or
NOTE: To determine your engine’s displacement and
premature wear, checkthe wheel alignment. Check
code, see “Engine 1dentific.ation” in the Index.
for damaged wheels also.
1. Engine Oil and Filter Change* -- Always use SG
5. Engine Accessory Drive Belt@)Inspection -Energy ConservingI1 oils of proper viscosity. The
Inspect the belt(s) for cracks, fraying, wear and
“ S G , designation may be shown alone or in
proper tension. Replaceas needed.
combination with others, suchas “SG/CC”,
6. Cooling System Service* -- Drain, flush and refill
“SG/CD” or “SF,SG, CC,” etc.To determine the
the system with new or approved recycled coolant
preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s engine (e.g.,
conforming to GM Specification 1825M. Keep
SAE 5W-30 or SAE 10W-30),see “Engine Oil” in
coolant at the proper mixture
as specified. See
the Index.
“Coolant” in the Index. This provides proper freeze
2. Chassis Lubrication -- Lubricate the transaxle shift
protection, corrosion inhibitor level and engine
linkage, parking brake cable guides, underbody
operating temperature.
contact points and linkage.
If your vehicle is
$chediie
Below are explanationsof the services listed in
I and Schedule 11.
‘
‘ 3.
An Emission Control Service.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has determined that thetofailure
perform this maintenance item will not nullify the emission warranty or liability
limit recall
prior to the completionof vehicle
useful life. General Motors, however, urges thatall recommended maintenance services be performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance be recorded
in “Section EMaintenance Record”.
274
Inspect hoses and replace
if they are cracked,
swollen or deteriorated. Tighten screw-type hose
clamps. Cleanthe outside of the~radiatorand air
conditioning condenser.Wash the pressure cap and
neck.
To help ensure proper operation,
we recommend a
pressure testof both the cooling system and the
pressure cap.
7. Transaxle Service -- Change both the fluid and
filter every 15,000 miles (25 000 km) if the vehicle
is mainly driven underone or more of these
conditions:
0 In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches 90 F (32 C) or
higher.
0
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing. (With some
models, you shouldn’t ever tow a trailer. See
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index.)
If you do’not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, change both the fluid and filter every
100,000 miles (160 000 km).
8. Spark Plug Replacement* -- Replace spark plugs
with the proper type. See “Specifications Chart” in
the Index.
9. Spark Plug Wire Inspection (3.3L Code N engine
only)*? -- Inspect for burns, cracks or other
damage. Check the bootfit at the coils and at the
spark plugs. Replace wiresas needed.
10. Air Cleaner Filter Replacement* -- Replace every
30,000 miles(50 000 km) or more often under dusty
conditions. Ask your dealerfor the proper
replacement intervals for your driving conditions.
11. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection”? -- Inspect
fuel tank, cap and lines (including fuel rails and
injection assembly)for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel
cap gasket for an even filler neck imprint or any
damage. Replace partsas needed. Periodic
replacement of the fuel filter is not required.
Uses such as found in taxi, police car or delivery
service.
*
An Emission Control Service.
that the failure to perform this maintenance item
will not nullifythe emission warrantyor limit recall liability prior to the completion
of vehicle
The U.S.Environmental Protection Agency has determined
the maintenance be recordedin “Section EMaintenance Record”.
useful life. General Motors, however, urges that all recommended maintenanceservices be performed at the indicated intervals and
At Each Fuel Fill
Section €5:Owner Checks and
Services
I
(It is important for you or a service station attendant
to perform these underhood checksat each fuel fill.)
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performedat the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
I
CHECK OR
SERVICE
Engine
Oil
Check
the
proper
the
Level
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever anv
fluids or lubricantsare added to vour
.r
vehicle,
make
proper
sure
they
the
are
ones,
as shown
in
Section D.
the
in
levelcoolant
engine the Check
Coolant
Engine
.
I
tank
surge
Level
I
WHAT TO DO
engine oil level
and
add
oil if necessary.
See
“Engine Oil“in the Index forfurther
details.
proper
andtheadd
if necessary.
See
coolant
mix
“Coolant”intheIndexfor
further
details.
Windshield
Check
windshield
the washer
fluid
Washer
Fluid
level in
the
windshield
washer
tank
Level
and
add
proper
the
fluid if necessary.
See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in
the Index for further details.
At Least Once A Month
CHECK OR
SERVICE
WHAT TO DO
Tire Inflation
Check tire inflation. Make sure they
are inflated tothe pressures specified
on the Tire-Loading
Information
label located on the rearedge of the
driver’s door. See “Tires”in the
Index for further details.
At Least Once A Year
CHECK OR
SERVICE
I
WHAT TO DO
Key Lock
Cylinders
Lubricate the key lockcylinders with
the lubricant specified in Section D.
Body
Lubrication
Lubricate all body door hinges. Also
lubricate all hingesand
latches,
including those for the hood, glove
box door and console door. Section
D tells you what to use.
CHECK OR
SERVICE
Starter Switch
WHAT TO DO
kAUTION: When
you
are
doing this check, the vehicle
could move
suddenly.
If it
does, you or others could be
injured. Follow
the
steps
bellow.
-
1
1. Before you start, be sure you have
enough room around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both theparking brake
(see “Parking Brake” inthe Index if
necessary) and theregular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator
pedal, and be ready to turn off the
engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear.
The starter should work only in “ P ’
(Park) or “N” (Neutral). If the starter
worksinanyotherposition,your
vehicle needs service.
277
GAUTION: When you are doing
thischeck,thevehiclecould
I
move suddenly. If it does, yoc
or otherscouldbeinjured.
I
Follow the steps below.
I
INSPECTION
OR SERVICE
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE
“:
Steering,
Suspension and
Front-WheelDrive Axle
Boot and Seal
Inspection
hspect the front and rear suspension
and steering system for damaged,
loose or missing parts, signs of wear,
or lack of lubrication. Inspect the
power steering lines and hoses for
proper hookup, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc. Clean and then
inspect the drive axle boot seals for
damage, tears orleakage. Replace
seals if necessary.
Exhaust System
Inspection
Inspect the complete exhaust
system.Inspect the body near the
exhaust system.Look for broken,
damaged, missing or out-of-position
parts as well as open seams, holes,
loose connections, or other
conditions which could cause a heat
build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See
“Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Throttle
Linkage
Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for
interference or
binding,
and for
damaged or missing parts. Replace
parts as needed.
280
INSPECTION
OR SERVICE
Brake System
Inspection
WHAT SHOULD BE DONE
Inspectthecompletesystem.Inspect
brake lines and hoses for
proper
hookup, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing,
etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wear
and rotors for swrface condition. Also
inspect Qwn brake linings for wear and
cracks.
Inspect
other
brake
parts
including drums, wheel
cylinders,
calipers parking brake, etc. The parking
brake is self-adjusting and no manual
adjustment is required. You may need
tohaveyourbrakesinspectedmore
driving
habits
or
often if your
conditionsresult in frequent braking.
NOTE: A lowbrakefluidlevel can
indicate worn disc brake pads which
may need to be serviced. Also, if the
brake system warning light stays on or
comeson,somethingmay be wrong
withthebrakesystem.See“Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.If
youranti-lockbrakesystemwarning
lightstays on, comesonorflashes,
somethingmay be wrongwiththe
anti-lock brake system. See “Anti-Lock
BrakeSystemWarningLight” in the
Index.
.~
.
~
Section D: Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from your
GM dealer.
USAGE
Engine Oil
USAGE
FLUIDlLUBRICANT
Hydraulic Brake
System
Delco Supreme 11 BrakeFluid
(GM Part No. 1052535) or
equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid.
Parking Brake
Guides
Chassis
lubricant
meeting
requirements of NLGI Grade 2,
Category LB or GC-LB (GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent).
Power Steering
System
GM Hydraulic Power Steering Fluid
(GM
Part
No.
1052884) or
equivalent.
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRON@
IIE
Automatic
Transmission Fluid(GM Part No.
12345881) or equivalent.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Lubricate with Multi-Purpose
Lubricant (GM Part No. 12345120)’
synthetic SAE 5W-30 engine oil or
silicone lubricant (GM Part No.
1052276 or 1052277).
Automatic
Transaxle Shift
Linkage
Engine oil.
FLUID/LUBRICANT
GM Goodwrench Motor Oil
or
equivalent for API service SG
Energy Conserving I1 oils of the
proper
viscosity.
The “SG’
designation may be shown alone or
in combination with others, such as
or
“SGICC,”
“SF,SG,CC,” etc. To determine the
preferred viscosity for your vehicle’s
engine, see “Engine Oil” in the
Index.
6
Engine Coolant
~~
6
~
~
/
~
~
,
9
9
1
50/50 mixture of water (preferably
distilled) and good quality ethylene
glycol base antifreeze (GM Part No.
1052753 or equivalent) conforming
to GM Specification 1825M or
approved
recycled
coolant
conforming to GM Specification
1825M.
@
281
Hood Latch
Assembly .
.
a.-Pivotsand
Spwg Anchor
b. Release Pawl
a. Engine oil.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Engine ail or kubriplate Lubricant
(GMPart No. 1050109).
Fuel filler Door
Hinge and
Striker Plunger
meeting
lubricant
Chassis
requirements of NLGI Grade. 2,
Category LB or GC-LB (GM Part.
No. 1052497 or equivalent).
’
Weatherstrips
b. Chassislubricantmeeting
requirem’ents‘ofNLGI Grade 2,
Cakgory LB or GC-LB ‘(GM
Part
No. 1,052447.or equivalent);
I
Dielectric Silicone Grease(GM Part
No. 12345579 or equivalent).
See “Specifications Chart”in the Index for recommended
replacement filters, valves andspark plugs.
Maintenance Record
- <
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
283
J
284
Part 8
CustomerAssistanceInformation
Here you will find out how to contact Buick if you need assistance. This also
Parttells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
Part 8 includes:
CustomerSatisfaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Customer Assistance for Hearing/Speech Impaired . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ReportingSafetyDefects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ServicePublications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
285
286
287
288
We encourage you to call the toll free number listed
your inquiry prompt
previously in order to give
attention. However, if you wish to write Buiek, write to
Buick Motor Division, Customer Assistance Center,902
E. Hamilton Avenue, Flint, MI 48550. A listing
of all
U.S. which
h i c k Zone Offices and offices outside the
can assistyou can also be foundin the warranty booklet.
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
the dealership’s facilities, equipment and personnel.
That is why we suggest you follow Step One first if you
have a concern.
Customer Assistancefor the Hearing
or Speech Impaired(TDD)
To assist owners who have hearing difficulties, Buick
has installed special TDD (Telecommunication Devices
for the Deaf) equipmentat its Customer Assistance
Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who
has access to a TDD or a conventional teletypewriter
(TTY) can .communicate with Buick by dialing:
1-800-TD-BUICK. (TDD users in Canada can dial
1-800-263-3830.)
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could11 you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
cause a crashor could cause injury or death, you should has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
notifying General Motors.
Transport Canada at Box 8880
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an
Ottawa, Ontario K1G 3J2.
investigation, andif it finds that a safety defect exists in
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
a groupof vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
TO. GENERAL MOTORS
in individual problems between you, your dealer, or
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
General Motors.
in a situation like this,
we certainly hope you'll notify
To contact NHTSA, you mayeither call the Auto Safety us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300 , or write: Buick
Hotline toll-freeat 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
the
E.
Motor Division, Customer Assistance Center, 902
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
Hamilton Avenue,Flint, MI 48550.
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
In Canada, please callus at 1-800-263-3777 (English) or
Washington, D.C. 20590
1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
You can also obtain other information about motor
General Motorsof Canada Limited
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario LlH 8P7
287
Service Publications
Information on how to obtain Product
Service
Publications, Subscriptions and Indexes
as described
below is applicable only in the
fifty U.S. states (and the
District of Columbia) and only for cars. and light trucks
with GVWR less than 10,000 pounds (4 536 Eg).
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service
Bulletins and Indexes can be obtained by writing to:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Service
Publications
Department
1908 Colonel Sam Dr.
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
_..
/_.
I
’
Buick regularly sends its dealers useful service bulletins
about Buick products. Buick monitorsproduct”
performance inthe field. We then prepare bulletinsfor
better. Now, you can get these
servicing our 1
bulletins too.
~
~
~.
,P
Bulletins cover various subjects. Somepertainto the
-proper use and care
of your vehicle. Some describe
costly repairs. Others describe inexpensive repairs
which, if done on time with the latest parts, may avoid
future costly repairs. Some bulletins tell a technician
how to repair anew or unexpected condition. Others
describe a quickerway to fix yo.ur vehicle. They can
help a technician service your vehicle better.
Most bulletins apply to conditions affecting a small
number of cars or trucks.Your Buick dealer or a
qualified technician may have to determine if a specific
bulletin applies to your vehicle.
You can subscribe to all Buick bulletins. This
way you’ll
get them as they come out. You can waita while and get
an index to the bulletins. You canalso get individual
bulletins. However, you’ll need the index to identify
them.
Subscriptions
You can subscribe toall Buick Product Service
Publications (PSP’s). This will include bulletins for all
cars soldby Buick and will not be limited
to PSP’s
applicable to any particular model. When
you buy a
subscription, you will receive the PSP’s in periodic
A subscription
mailings, shortly after they come out.
costs U.S. $86.50 ($106.50 including a special binder)
and it entitles you to all PSP’s published by Buick
during the model year.You can purchase a subscription
by sending a check or money order to Service
Publications, P.O. Box 1901, Flint, MI 48501, along
with the order form located in the following text.
You
may get additional subscription orderingfoms by
calling the toll-free number shown inthe following text.
Individual PSP’s
If you don’t want to buyall the PSP’s issued by Buick
for all models in the model year, you can buy individual
PSP’s, suchas those which may pertain to a particular
model. To do this, you will first need to see our index of
PSP’s. It provides a varietyof information. Here’s what
you’ll find in the index and how you can get one:
What You’ll Find in the Index:
0
0
A list of all PSP’s published by Buick in a model
year (1989 or later). PSP’s covering all models
of
Buick cars are listed in the same index.
Ordering information so you can buy the specific
PSP’s you may want.
Price information for thePSP’s you may want to
buy.
How You Can Get an Index:
Indexes are published periodically. Mostof the PSP’s
which could potentially apply to the most recent Buick
models will be listed in the most recent publication
for
that modei year. This means you may want to wait until
if
the end of the model year before ordering an index,
you are interested in buying PSP’s pertaining to a
or truck.
current model year car
Some PSP’s pertaining to a particular model year
vehicle may be published in later years, and these would
be listed inthe later year’s index. When you order an
index for a model year that is not over yet, we’ll send
you the most recently published issue. Check the
ordering form for indexes for earlier model years.
Cut out the ordering form, fill itout, and mail it in. We
will then see to it that an index is mailed to you. There is
no charge for indexes for the 1989-1993 model years.
7
11
Toll-Free
Telephone
Number
Participating
Copies
at Dealers
if you want an additional ordering form for an indexa or
subscription, just call toll-free and we’ll be happy to
send YOU one.Automatedrecordingequipmentwilltake
your name and mailing address. The number
to call is
1-800-551-4123.
Copies of Indexes and individual PSP’sare at your
participating Buick dealer.You can askto see them.
A
IMPORTANT REMINDER: These psp,s are
meant for technicians. They are not meant for the
“do-it-yourselfer.” Technicians have the equipment,
tools, safety instructions, and know-howdo
toa job
quickly and safely.
Buick Service Publications
You can get these by using the order form:
290
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292
Part 9
Index
A c c (IgnitionKeyPosition) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
231
AntilockBrakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
150
Adding
236AntilockBrakeSystemWarningLight
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Brake Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
231
Anti-Theft
Tips
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
I1 ....................
131
ElectricalEquipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 257Anti-TheftFeature.DelcoLoc
Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
223
Appearance
Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
249
243
Appearance Care andMaterials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
256
PowerSteeringFluid ..........................
229
Armrest
Storage
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Transaxle/Transmission Fluid ....................
235
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
105
Windshield Washer Fluid .......................
Additives, Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
226
Assist
Handles
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Adjustable Ride Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
86
Audio
Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
153
AutomaticDoorLocks
............................. 65
Adjustment, Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adult Safety Belt Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Automatic
Transaxle
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Air Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228AutomaticTransaxleFluid
......................... 229
AirConditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
AutomaticTransaxleTorqueLock
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
AirOutlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
120
Alcohol, Driving Under the Influence of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Alcohol in Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217
Baby, Holding a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
45
Aluminum Wheels, Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
253
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
AM Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
BatteryCables,StartingWith
....................... 188
AM Stereo Radio Reception .......................
123BatteryWarningLight
and Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Antenna Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
134
Blizzard. If You’reCaughtin a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
.
~
.-.
~
..
__
-
~
Children and Safety Belts ..........................
44
106
Cigarette Lighter ................................
Circuit Breakers and Fuses ........................
258
City Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .165
228
Cleaner. Air ....................................
Cleaning
AluminumWheels ............................
253
249
Fabric ......................................
252
Glass .......................................
InsideofyourCar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
251
Instrument Panel Top ..........................
Outside of your Car ...........................
252
134
Power Antenna ...............................
Safety Belts ..................................
252
255
Underbody Of Your Car ........................
Vinyl and Leather .............................
251
Weather Strips ................................
254
254
White Sidewall Tires ............................
Windshield and Wiper Blades ....................
252
Coat Hanger .................................... 107
Comfort Control System ..........................
119
125.127. 129
Clock. Setting the .........................
85
Closed-In Places. Don’t Idle in ......................
CO in Your Exhaust ...............................
84
Color of Road Signs ..............................
138
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Compact Disc Care ..............................
133
Compact Spare Tire ..............................
2 12
Contents. Table of .................................
9
Control of a Vehicle ...............................148
Control. Loss of .................................
158
104
Convenience Net ................................
Convex Outside Mirror ............................
104
231
Coolant. Engine .................................
Coolant. Engine Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Coolant. Safety Warnings About ....................
197
102
CourtesyLights .................................
Covers. How To Remove Wheel ....................
206
Cruise Control ...................................
93
Cruise Control. Changing Speed With . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
97
Cruise Control on Hills ............................
98
Cruise Control. Turning Off .........................
154
Curves. Driving On ...............................
Customer Assistance for the Hearing/Speech Impaired. . . 286
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Customer Satisfaction Procedure ....................
285
D (Drive) Third Gear .............................
Damage to Finish ................................
Damage to Sheet Metal ............................
DamageWarnings ................................
Daytime Running Lights ..........................
DefensiveDriving ...............................
Defogger.RearWindow ..........................
Dimensions ....................................
Disc Brake Wear Indicators ........................
Disposal of Used Oil .............................
DoorLocks ......................................
78
254
254
11
100
144
121
261
152
227
63
295
Jacking u p the Car ............................
Jump Starting ...................................
.. 204
188
K e y s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
.
67
Keyless Entry System. Remote ......................
KilometerIndicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
298
Label. Service Parts Identification .................. 257
89
Lane Change Indicator .............................
42
LapBelt ........................................
Lap-Shoulder Belt Usage by Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
19
Latches. Front Seatback ............................
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Light. Safety Belt .................................
28
Light. Turn Signal Indicator .........................
89
262
Light Bulbs. Replaceable ..........................
106
Lighter. Cigarette ................................
Lights
100
Daytime Running .............................
99
Interior ......................................
102
Interior Delay ................................
Operation .....................................
99
Reading .....................................
101
Traffic ......................................
143
Lights “On” Warning .............................
100
240
Loading YourVehicle ............................
Locks. Automatic Door ............................
65
63
Locks. Door .....................................
Locks. Rear Door Security ..........................
69
168
Long Distance Driving ............................
Loss of Control .................................
158
Low Coolant Warning Light .......................
113
114
Low Oil Pressure Warning Gage ....................
....
Maintenance
Inspections ..................................
Record ......................................
Schedule ....................................
Underbody ..................................
Malfunction Indicator Lamp .......................
Manual Lumbar Support ...........................
Manualseat .....................................
Manual Seat. Four Way ............................
Markings.Pavement .............................
Master Cylinder. Brake ...........................
Methanol In Gasoline .............................
Mirrors ........................................
Mirrors. Convex Outside ..........................
Mirrors. Visor Vanity .............................
Mist. Driving in .................................
. MobileTelephone.Adding a .......................
Mountain Driving ................................
MTBE in Gasoline ...............................
N (Neutral) Gear Position
.........................
................................
Net. Convenience
New Vehicle Break-In .............................
NightDriving ...................................
Night Vision ....................................
Notices About Damage ............................
Number.Vehicle Identification .....................
+,..
279
282
265
255
113
15
14
15
144
236
217
102
104
104
164
123
170
2 17
217
Octane Required for Your Car .....................
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
108
Odometer. Trip ..................................
Off (Ignition Key Position) .........................
73
Off-RoadRecovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156
223
Oil. Engine .....................................
Oil Pressure Warning Light ........................
114
.
Oil. Change Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Operation in Foreign Countries .....................
218
Operation of Lights ...............................
90
Outside Mirrors .................................
103
Overheated Engine ...............................
197
276
Owner Checks and Services ........................
P (Park) Position .................................
77
255
Paint Spotting ...................................
81
Park. Shifting Into ................................
77. 83
Park. Shifting Out of ...........................
80
Parking Brake ....................................
Parking on Hills .................................
172
78
ParkingOver Things That Burn ......................
84
104
Passing ........................................
156
71
Pavement
Markings ..............................
144
159
PedalTravel. Brake ..............................
153
160
PerceptionTimeinBraking
........................ 149
11
PeriodicMaintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
257
Polishing
and Waxing ............................
253
Power
134
Antenna .....................................
Door Locks ................................... 65
16
Seat Controls ...................................
Steering .....................................
154
234
Steering Fluid ................................
Windows .....................................
87
Pregnancy. Use of Safety Belts During . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Pressure. Tire ...................................
242
185
Problems on the Road ............................
Proper Safety Belt Usage for Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Publications. Service ............................. 288
Publications Order Form ..........................
291
Push-Starting Your Car ...........................
188
Racing. Shifting When Your Engine is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
197
Radiator Overheating .............................
Radio. Adding a Two-way .........................
123
122
Radio Systems ..................................
Rain. Driving in .................................
161
Reaction Time in Braking .........................
149
Reading Lights ..................................
101
RearBrakes ....................................
153
69
Rear Door Security Lock ...........................
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides ....................
40
Rear Seatbacks. Folding ............................
20
Rear Window Defogger ...........................
121
Reclining Front Seatbacks ..........................
16
Recommended Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .281
156
Recovery. Off-Road ..............................
179
Recreational Vehicle Towing .......................
219
Remote Fuel Door Release ..........................
Remote Keyless Entry System .......................
67
66
Remote Trunk Release .............................
Remote Trunk Release Lockout ......................
66
262
Replaceable Light Bulbs ..........................
Replacing Brake System Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .237
60
Replacing Safety Belts .............................
ReplacingTires .................................
244
247
ReplacingWheels ...............................
Reporting Safety Defects ..........................
287
Restarting Your Car When It’s Moving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
46
Restraint.Child ..................................
Restraint Systems. CheckingYour ....................
59
Restraints. Head ..................................
18
Reverse Gear Position .............................
78
86
Ride Control System. Adjustable .....................
“Riding” the Brakes ..............................
149
138
Roadsigns .....................................
170
Roads. Hill and Mountain .........................
Rocking Your Vehicle ............................
213
Rotation. Tire ...................................
243
73
Run (Ignition Key Position) .........................
Running Lights. Daytime ..........................
100
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Safety Belt Care ................................
252
Safety Belt Extender .............................. 59
Safety Belt Replacement ...........................
60
28
Safety Belt Warning Light ..........................
Safety Belt. Automatic Lap-Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
28
Safety Belt. Lap ..................................
Safety Belts ..................................... 21
Safety Belts. Cars First Sold in Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Safety Belts. Center Adult Passenger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Safety Belts. Checking Your ........................
59
Safety Belts. Loose ...............................
32
27
Safety Belts. Questions About .......................
Safety Belts. Rear Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Safety Belts. Rear Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Safety Belts. Right Front. Adult Passenger . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
60
Safety Belts. Tom .................................
35
Safety Belts. Twisted ..............................
23
Safety Belts. Why They Work .......................
34
Safety Belts. Worn Under Arm ......................
182
Safety Chains ...................................
Safety Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
Safety Defects. Reporting .........................
287
Schedule. Maintenance ...........................
265
268
Scheduled Maintenance Services ....................
Seat Adjustment ...............................
14.60
14
Seat Controls ....................................
Seatback. Folding Rear ............................
20
13
Seats and Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SecondGear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Securing a Child Restraint .....................
47.50. 51
Security Lock. Rear Door ..........................
69
Service Tips .................................... 216
215
Service and Appearance Care ......................
“Service Engine Soon” Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
257
Service Parts Identification Label ....................
Service Publications ..............................
288
Setting the Clock .........................
125.127. 129
Setting the Trip Odometer .........................
108
141
ShapeofRoadSigns .............................
254
Sheet Metal Damage .............................
83
Shift. Brake-Transaxle Interlock .....................
77
Shift Lever Positions ..............................
Shifting into Park .................................
81
77.83
Shifting out of Park ............................
Signaling Turns ..................................
89
138
Signs.Road ....................................
158
Skidding .......................................
Snow or Ice. Driving on ...........................
176
Snowstorm. If You’re Caught in a Bad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric ....................
249
123
Sound Equipment. Adding .........................
Soundsystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
212
SpareTire ......................................
Specifications Chart ..........................
263. 264
Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance for . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
Speed Control ....................................
93
108
Speedometer ....................................
Stains. Removing ................................
251
Start (Ignition Key Position) ........................
73
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
301
Starting Your Car if the Battery is “Dead”..............188
Steam From Hot (Overheated) Engine ................ 197
Steering ........................................
154
Steering in Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155
Steering Wheel, Tilt ............................... 88
Steering Without Power Assist .....................
154
Stereo Sound Systems ............................ 122
Storage Console .................................
106
Storing YourVehicle .............................
237
Stuck. If Your Ignition Key is .......................
73
Stuck. IfYour Car Is .............................
213
Subscribing to Buick Product Service Publications . . . . . . 288
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ..........................
233
Symbols on Your Car ..............................
12
Table of Contents .................................
9
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 17
Tamper-Resistant Odometer ........................
108
Tape Player Care ................................
133
Temperature. Engine Coolant Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . 112
Theft ............................................
70
Thermostat .....................................
233
Third Gear ......................................
78
Tilt Steering Wheel ...............................
88
Time. Setting the .........................
125.127. 129
Tire Balance ....................................
246
Tire Chains ..................................... 248
Tire. Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
TireInflation ...................................
242
Tire Inspection and Rotation .......................
243
Tire Quality Grading .............................
245
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .241
Tires. When to Replace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .244
Tires. White Sidewall Cleaning .....................
254
Torn Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Torque Lock (Automatic Transaxle) ................. 174
TowingYourBuick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179
Trademarks. GM ................................
216
Traffic Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
TrafficOfficer ..................................
144
Trailer Brakes ...................................
182
TrailerTowing ..................................
179
Transaxle/Transmission. Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Transaxle Fluid ..................................
227
TripOdometer ..................................
108
Trunk Release. Remote ............................
66
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator ............... 89
Turn Signal and Headlight Beam Lever. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Turn Signal “On” Chime ............................
90
Twisted Safety Belts .. I ............................
35
Two Children Wearing the Same Safety Belt............58
......
a.c
Underbody Maintenance ......................... 255
245
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ......................
Unleaded Gasoline ............................... 2 17
173
Uphill Parking ..................................
Upholstery Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249
227
Used Oil. How to Dispose of .......................
Used Replacement Wheels .........................
248
Vehicle Damage Warnings .........................
11
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .257
237
Vehicle Storage .................................
Vehicle Symbols ..................................
12
Volts Gage .....................................
116
Vinyl. Cleaning .................................
251
Visor Vanity Mirror ..............................
104
w a r n i n g s Devices ..............................
187
186
Warning. Hazard Flasher ..........................
Warning Lights
111
Antilock Brake System .........................
Battery .......................................
116
Brakesystem ................................
110
115
CheckOil ...................................
112
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
Engine Oil Pressure ............................
114
Indicators and Gages on Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . 109
LowCoolant .................................
113
Malfunction Indicator (Service Engine Soon) . . . . . . . 113
Warnings.Safety .................................
10
92
Washer. Windshield ...............................
Washing Your Vehicle ............................
253
Wear Indicators. Disc Brake .......................
152
254
Weather Strips ..................................
Weight.of a Trailer ...............................
180
Wheel Alignment ................................
246
Wheel Covers Removal ...........................
206
211
WheelNutTorque ...............................
247
Wheel Replacement ..............................
White Sidewall Tire Cleaning ......................
254
23
Why Wear Safety Belts? ...........................
87
Windows.Power .................................
Windshield
252
Cleaning ....................................
Washer . . . . . : ................................
92
Washer Fluid ..............................
92. 235
...................................
9 1.
252
Wipers
Winter Driving ..................................
175
216
Working on Your Car .............................
Worn Tires .....................................
244
WreckerTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .193
137
Y o u r Driving and the Road .......................
144
YourOwn Signals ...............................
Your Vehicle and the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .267
I
Fuel Mileage Chart
MILES PER GALLON
5
6
7
8
9
10
ll
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
I
21
z2
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