Agilent Technologies | U2000 Series | Agilent U2000 Series USB Power Sensors

Agilent U2000 Series USB
Power Sensors
Data Sheet
The compact, low-cost
alternative to conventional
power measurement solutions
Why Agilent’s Power Meters and Sensors?
Reliable, high-performing solutions
Every power meter and sensor from Agilent consistently delivers great results.
A sure investment for many years to come
Code-compatibility between power meters reduces the need for re-coding. Not
only that, all Agilent power meters are backward-compatible with most legacy
power sensors.
One specific application: One right solution
Agilent offers a wide selection of power meters and sensors for practically
all application needs—wireless communications, radar pulse measurements,
component test, and more.
Global network support
No matter where you are, Agilent is committed to giving you the 24-hour
support you need regarding our products, applications, or services.
Agilent’s power meters have long been
recognized as the industry standard for
RF and microwave power measurements.
2
Compact Solutions for Testing Today’s RF and Microwave
Communication Systems
For installation and
maintenance of base stations
For production testing of
wireless components
For R&D of wireless
components
• Lightweight and rugged
• Compact build saves rack space
• Compact build saves bench space
• Simple set-up and usage
• Simple set-up and usage
• Simple set-up and usage
• Portable with low power
consumption
• Wide dynamic and frequency
ranges
• Wide dynamic and frequency
ranges
• Wide dynamic and frequency
ranges
• Fast reading speed
• High accuracy
• Internal zeroing reduces test time
and sensor wear-and-tear
• Advanced troubleshooting of
designs with simultaneous display
of multiple readings, measurement
math and data recording
• Quick and easy testing with large
display of readings
• Internal trigger eliminates the
problem for applications that do
not have external trigger signal
• Trace display capability enables
easy gate setup
• Quick and easy multiple channels
testing with simultaneous display
of readings, limits and alerts
• Seamless integration to system
with industry-standard SCPI
• Internal trigger eliminates the
problem for tests that do not have
external trigger signal
• Trace display capability enables
easy trigger level and gate setup
3
• Internal trigger eliminates the
problem for applications that do
not have external trigger signal
Introducing the U2000 Series USB Power Sensors
The U2000 Series enable simpler,
lower-cost power measurements
versus conventional power meter and
sensor combinations. Now with nine
high-performance models, the U2000
Series USB power sensors offer compact, high-performance solutions for
today’s CW and modulated signals.
Key features
• Compact, lightweight solutions
• Quick, simple set-up
• High accuracy, high power
• Internal zeroing capability
• Fast reading speed
• Wide frequency range: 9 kHz
to 26.5 GHz (sensor option
dependant)
• Wide dynamic range: –60 to
+44 dBm
• Support internal and external
trigger measurements*
• Trace display capability
enables easy trigger level and
gate setup for burst signals
• Allows remote measurements
beyond cable length
• Enables monitoring of
more than 20 channels
simultaneously
• Converts select Agilent
instruments to power meters
• Feature-packed software
provides various capabilities
for easy testing and analysis
• Average power measurements
of CW and modulated signals,
including GSM, EDGE, WLAN
and WiMAXTM
*
Except U2004A model
Compact “power meters”,
simple set-up
High accuracy
The U2000 Series are standalone
sensors. That means they essentially
operate like power meters, just in
smaller forms. No reference calibrator is required. The fact that each
sensor draws minimal power from a
USB port—and that it doesn’t need
additional triggering modules or
power adaptors to operate—makes
it more portable, especially for base
station testing. Setting up is easy:
just plug it to the USB port of your
PC or laptop—or even select network
or handheld spectrum analyzer—and
start your power measurements.
The figure below illustrates the very
simple, straightforward setup of the
U2000 Series.
Each U2000 Series sensor provides
excellent linearity, SWR and uncertainty specifications, so you can be
confident in every measurement you
make.
Wide range, high power
The U2000 Series’ dynamic range
spans across a wide 80 dB, taking on
high power up to +44 dBm.
Remote monitoring and tests
With the U2000 Series sensor
plugged to a networked USB hub,
you can conveniently monitor power
measurements of an antenna tower
from the control room, beyond the
limits of USB cable lengths.
USB sensor
DUT
Trigger signal
4
Introducing the U2000 Series USB Power Sensors (continued)
Faster production testing of
multiple channels
Transform your signal generators and spectrum analyzers into
accurate power meters
The U2000 Series’ fast measurement
speed helps reduce test time. This,
coupled with the capability to enable
monitoring of more than 20 channels
simultaneously, is an advantage in
the production line where efficiency
is of utmost priority.
You could literally have a power meter next to you—or instead, turn your Agilent
MXG signal generator or N9340A/B handheld spectrum analyzer into a power
meter for accurate power measurements. Even with the U2000 connected, you
can switch between power measurements and the device’s original function at
any time. You can also use the U2000 with your Agilent PNA network analyzer
for source power calibration.
The U2000 Series has both internal
and external zeroing capabilities.
With internal zeroing, high isolation
switches in the sensor are opened to
isolate the sensor from the deviceunder-test (DUT) it is connected to.
As such, you don’t need to power-off
the DUT or disconnect the sensors.
This speeds up testing and reduces
sensor wear-and-tear.
No manual input of calibration data
is required. All calibration factors,
as well as temperature and linearity
corrections, are stored in the sensors’
EEPROM, auto-downloaded at
calibration.
Often times, you’d need to automate
your tests. The U2000 Series sensors
are well-equipped for seamless integration to your system with industrystandard SCPI compatibility. They
also come with built-in triggering
capability to allow receipt of external
triggers from other instruments.
Intuitive power analysis software
The N1918A Power Analysis Manager software not only displays measurements
with the U2000 Series, it also provides various features and functions to help
you monitor and troubleshoot signals efficiently and effectively.
Multiple display types1
Multiple channel list and measurement math
Data recording with limit and alert settings1
1. Software capability differs between the two
versions of the software: Power Panel and
Power Analyzer. Please refer to page 18 for
detailed comparison.
Min/Max readings
5
Take a Closer Look
LED indicator for PC communication
Built-in triggering port for
synchronization with external
instruments or events
Small and lightweight build
Secure locking mechanism
USB 2.0-compliant cable
for connection to PC or
other instruments
Diode-based sensors frequently
rely on the application of correction
factors to extend their dynamic range
beyond their square-law region, typically in the range of –70 to –20 dBm.
While this technique achieves
measurement of CW signals over
a wide dynamic range, it fails to do
so for modulated signals when the
signal level is above the square-law
region. Modulated signals must be
padded down, with their average and
peak power levels within the diode
square-law region, for accurate average power measurement.
The U2000 Series USB power sensors
are true-average, wide-dynamic-range
RF/microwave power sensors,
based on a dual-sensor diode pair/
attenuator/diode pair topology as
proposed by Szente et. al. in 19901.
The simplified block diagram shown
here illustrates this technique.
Low Sense+
Low Sense–
RF in
High Sense+
High Sense–
This technique ensures diodes in the
selected signal path are kept in their
square law region—with output current and voltage proportional to input
power. The diode pair/attenuator/
diode pair assembly can then yield
the average of complex modulation
formats across a wide dynamic range,
irrespective of signal bandwidth.
The dual-range Modified Barrier
Integrated Diode (MBID)2 package
incorporates diode stacks in place of
single diodes. This further improves
measurement accuracy of high-level
signals with high crest factors without incurring damage3 to the sensor.
Implementation of both techniques in
the U2000 Series USB sensors enable
effective average power measurements of a wide range of signals,
including multitone and spread spectrum signals used in CDMA, W-CDMA
and digital television sytems.
1. US Patent #4943764, assigned to Hewlett-Packard Company
2. November 1986 Hewlett-Packard Journal pages 14-2, “Diode Integrated Circuits for Millimeter-Wave Applications”
3. Refer to “Maximum Power” on page 9 for maximum power handling specifications
6
Specifications
Specifications contained in this chapter are valid ONLY after proper calibration of the power sensor and apply to
continuous wave (CW) signals unless
otherwise stated. The recommended
calibration interval for this product is
one year. Specifications apply over a
temperature range 0 to +55 °C unless
otherwise stated. Specifications
quoted over a temperature range
of 25 °C ± 10 °C apply to a relative
humidity of 15% to 75% and conform
to the standard environmental test
conditions. Specifications are valid
after a 30-minute warm-up period.
Supplemental characteristics, shown
in italics, are intended to provide useful information with regard to applying the power sensors in that they
contain typical, but non-warranted
performance parameters. These
characteristics are shown in italics
or denoted as “typical”, “nominal” or
“approximate”.
Frequency and power ranges
Model
Frequency range
U2000A
10 MHz to 18 GHz
U2001A
10 MHz to 6 GHz
U2002A
50 MHz to 24 GHz
U2004A
9 kHz to 6 GHz
U2000B
10 MHz to 18 GHz
U2001B
10 MHz to 6 GHz
U2000H
10 MHz to 18 GHz
U2001H
10 MHz to 6 GHz
U2002H
50 MHz to 24 GHz
The U2000 Series USB sensors have
two measurement modes:
Average only mode (default mode):
optimized for wide dynamic range. In
this measurement mode, a trigger can
be controlled externally via TTL input.
Normal2 mode: used for making average power measurement in a defined
time interval (time-gated measurement) with reduced dynamic range.
A trigger can be derived from an RF
signal (internal trigger) or controlled
externally via TTL input (external
trigger).
Maximum power
–60 to +20 dBm
+25 dBm avg, 20 VDC
+33 dBm pk, < 10 µs
–60 to +20 dBm
+25 dBm avg, 5 VDC
+33 dBm pk, < 10 µs
–30 to +44 dBm
+45 dBm avg, 20 VDC
+47 dBm pk, 1 µs
–50 to +30 dBm
+33 dBm avg, 20 VDC
+50 dBm pk, 1 µs
–50 to +30 dBm
+33 dBm avg, 10 VDC
+50 dBm pk, 1 µs
Maximum SWR
Model
Frequency range
Maximum SWR
(25 °C ± 10 °C)
Maximum SWR
(0 °C to 55 °C)
U2000A
10 to 30 MHz
30 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 14 GHz
14 to 16 GHz
16 to 18 GHz
1.15
1.13
1.19
1.22
1.26
1.21
1.15
1.20
1.23
1.27
U2001A
10 to 30 MHz
30 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 6 GHz
1.15
1.13
1.19
1.21
1.15
1.20
U2002A
50 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 14 GHz
14 to 16 GHz
16 to 18 GHz
18 to 24 GHz
1.13
1.19
1.22
1.26
1.30
1.15
1.20
1.23
1.27
1.30
U2004A
9 kHz to 2 GHz
2 to 6 GHz
1.13
1.19
1.15
1.20
U2000B
10 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 12.4 GHz
12.4 to 18 GHz
1.12
1.17
1.24
1.14
1.18
1.25
U2001B
10 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 6 GHz
1.12
1.17
1.14
1.18
U2000H
10 MHz to 8 GHz
8 to 12.4 GHz
12.4 to 18 GHz
1.15
1.25
1.28
1.17
1.26
1.29
Measurement speed
Normal: 20 readings/s
x2: 40 readings/s
Fast: 110 readings/s
Buffered (50 readings):
1000 readings/s1
Power range
U2001H
10 MHz to 6 GHz
1.15
1.17
U2002H
50 MHz to 8 GHz
8 to 12.4 GHz
12.4 to 18 GHz
18 to 24 GHz
1.15
1.25
1.28
1.30
1.17
1.26
1.29
1.31
1. The 1000 reading/s is the derived measurement speed from the first 50 readings in buffered mode. The maximum number of measurements that can be obtained in one
second is 250 readings in buffered mode.
2. Not applicable for U2004A.
7
Specifications (continued)
Typical SWR for U2000A sensor
(25 °C ± 10 °C)
Typical SWR for U2001A sensor
(25 °C ± 10 °C)
Typical SWR for U2002A sensor
(25 °C ± 10 °C)
8
Specifications (continued)
Typical SWR for U2004A sensor (25 °C ± 10 °C)
Typical SWR for U2002H sensor (25 °C ± 10 °C)
Typical SWR for U2000H sensor (25 °C ± 10 °C)
Typical SWR for U2000B sensor (25 °C ± 10 °C)
Typical SWR for U2001H sensor (25 °C ± 10 °C)
Typical SWR for U2001B sensor (25 °C ± 10 °C)
9
Specifications (continued)
Switching point
The U2000 Series power sensors have two measurement paths: a low power path and a high power path, as shown in the table below.
Models
AUTO (default) range
Low power path
High power path
Switching point
U2000/1/2/4A
–60 to +20 dBm
–60 to –7 dBm
–7 to +20 dBm
–7 dBm
U2000/1/2H
–50 to +30 dBm
–50 to +3 dBm
+3 to +30 dBm
+3 dBm
U2000/1B
–30 to +44 dBm
–30 to +23 dBm
+23 to +44 dBm
+23 dBm
Each power sensor automatically
selects the proper power level path.
To avoid unnecessary switching when
the power level is close to the switching point, switching point hysteresis
has been added.
Offset at switching point:
≤ ± 0.5% (≤ ± 0.02 dB) typical
Switching point hysteresis:
± 0.5 dBm typical
Example with U2000 “A” suffix
sensors: Switching point for the
U2000/1/2/4A sensors is at –7 dBm.
Hysteresis causes the low power
path to remain selected until approximately –6.5 dBm as the power level
is increased. Above this power, the
high power path is selected. The high
power path remains selected until
approximately –7.5 dBm is reached
as the signal level decreases. Below
this power, the low power path is
selected.
Power accuracy
Average only Mode Power Accuracy1 (with exclusions)
Model
Power range
Accuracy1 (25 °C ± 10 °C)
Accuracy1 (0 °C to 55 °C)
U2000/1/2/4A
–60 to +20 dBm
±3.0%
±3.5%
U2000/1/2H
–50 to +30 dBm
±4.0%
±5.0%
U2000/1B
–30 to +44 dBm
±3.5%
±4.0%
Specifications valid with the following conditions:
• After zeroing3
• Number of averages = 1024
• After 30 minutes of power-on warm-up
Normal Mode Power Accuracy1, 2 (with exclusions)
Model
Power level
Accuracy (25 °C ± 10 °C)
U2000/1/2/A
–30 to +20 dBm
±4.0%
U2000/1/2H
–20 to +30 dBm
±5.0%
U2000/1B
0 to +44 dBm
±4.5%
1. This accuracy is essentially a combination of linearity, instrumentation accuracy, and traceability to absolute accuracy at 50 MHz, 0 dBm.
Note: Mismatch uncertainty, calibration factor uncertainty, and power level dependent terms (zero set, drift, and noise) are excluded in this specification and specified
elsewhere in the data sheet.
2. The accuracy for –7 to +1 dBm (U2000/1/2A), +3 to +11 dBm (U2000/1/2H), and +23 to +31 dBm (U2000/1B) power level will be dominated by zero set and
measurement noise. For overall accuracy, refer to the measurement uncertainty calculator which is available on the Agilent Technologies Web site.
3. It is advisable to perform external zeroing on the U2000 Series power sensor for power measurement level below –30 dBm. During the external zeroing process, the RF
input signal must be switched off or the device-under-test disconnected from the U2000 Series power sensor.
10
Specifications (continued)
Typical power accuracy at 25 °C for
U2000/1/2/4A sensors1, 2
Typical power accuracy at 25 °C for
U2000/1B sensors1, 2
Typical power accuracy at 25 °C for
U2000/1/2H sensors1, 2
1. Measurement uncertainty ≤ 1.9%. At room temperature and excluding power level dependent terms (zero set, drift, and noise).
Refer to Agilent Fundamentals of RF and Microwave Power Measurements (Part 3) Power Measurement Uncertainty per International Guide
(Application Note 1449-3), 5988-9215EN for more information on measurement uncertainty.
2. After zeroing, 30 minutes of power-on warm-up, and 1024 averages.
11
Specifications (continued)
Zero set, zero drift, and measurement noise
Average only Mode
Power range1
U2000/1/2/4A
Zero set (internal)
Zero set (external)
Zero drift2
Measurement noise3
–60 to –35 dBm
–38 to –15 dBm
–20 to –6.5 dBm
–7.5 to –2 dBm
–4 to 15 dBm
10 to 20 dBm
± 1.5 nW
± 2 nW
± 12 nW
± 2 µW
± 4 µW
± 6 µW
± 600 pW
± 1.5 nW
± 10 nW
± 500 nW
± 1 µW
± 5 µW
200 pW
400 pW
1.5 nW
50 nW
500 nW
2 µW
1 nW
1.5 nW
15 nW
650 nW
1 µW
10 µW
± 2.8 nW
± 3 nW
± 12 nW
± 2 µW
± 4 µW
± 6 µW
± 600 nW
± 1.5 nW
± 10 nW
± 500 µW
± 1 µW
± 5 µW
200 nW
400 nW
1.5 nW
50 nW
500 µW
2 µW
1 nW
1.5 nW
15 nW
650 µW
1 µW
10 µW
± 15 nW
± 20 nW
± 120 nW
± 20 µW
± 40 µW
± 60 µW
± 8 nW
± 20 nW
± 100 nW
± 20 µW
± 30 µW
± 60 µW
2 nW
4 nW
15 nW
500 nW
5 µW
20 µW
10 nW
15 nW
150 nW
6.5 µW
10 µW
100 µW
± 1.8 µW
± 2 µW
± 12 µW
± 2 mW
± 4 mW
± 800 nW
± 2 µW
± 10 µW
± 1 mW
± 2 mW
200 nW
400 nW
1.5 µW
50 nW
500 µW
1 µW
1.5 µW
15 µW
650 µW
1 mW
U2004A
–60 to –35 dBm
–38 to –15 dBm
–20 to –6.5 dBm
–7.5 to –2 dBm
–4 to 15 dBm
10 to 20 dBm
U2000/1/2H
–50 to –25 dBm
–28 to –5 dBm
–10 to 3.5 dBm
2.5 to 8 dBm
6 to 25 dBm
20 to 30 dBm
U2000/1B sensors
–30 to –5 dBm
–8 to 15 dBm
10 to 23.5 dBm
22.5 to 28 dBm
26 to 44 dBm
1. Condition: (i) 0 to 55 °C and (ii) 95% relative humidity at 40 °C non-condensing.
2. Within one hour after zero set, at a constant temperature, after a 24-hour warm-up of the power sensor.
3. The number of averages at 1 for Normal speed, gate length of 2.27 ms, measured over one minute interval and two standard deviations.
12
Normal Mode
Range1
U2000/1/2A
–38 to –15 dBm
–20 to –6.5 dBm
–7.5 to –2 dBm
–4 to 15 dBm
10 to 20 dBm
Zero set
(internal)
Zero set
(external)
Zero drift2
Measurement
noise3
Noise per
sample4
47 nW
530 nW
30 µW
32 µW
270 µW
43 nW
480 nW
27 µW
30 µW
200 µW
25 nW
230 nW
19 µW
24 µW
110 µW
28 nW
300 nW
20 µW
21 µW
180 µW
90 nW
1 µW
55 µW
85 µW
550 µW
730 nW
5.3 µW
330 µW
440 µW
3.9 µW
500 nW
4.8 µW
270 µW
300 µW
2.8 mW
300 nW
3 µW
190 µW
300 µW
1.1 mW
310 nW
5 µW
230 µW
260 µW
2.8 mW
900 nW
10 µW
550 µW
850 µW
5.5 mW
47 nW
530 nW
30 µW
32 µW
43 µW
480 µW
27 mW
34 mW
25 µW
230 µW
19 mW
24 mW
28 µW
300 µW
20 mW
21 mW
90 µW
1 mW
55 mW
85 mW
U2000/1/2H
–28 to –5 dBm
–10 to 3.5 dBm
–2.5 to 8 dBm
8 to 25 dBm
20 to 30 dBm
U2000/1B
–8 to 15 dBm
10 to 23.5 dBm
22.5 to 28 dBm
26 to 44 dBm
1. Condition: (i) 0 to 55 °C and (ii) 95% relative humidity at 40 °C non-condensing.
2. Within one hour after zero set, at a constant temperature, after a 24-hour warm-up of the power sensor.
3. The number of averages at 1 for Normal speed, gate length of 2.27 ms, measured over one minute interval and two standard deviations.
4. The Noise Per Sample specification is only applicable for gated power working range stated in the “Normal Mode Key Specifications and Characteristics” table.
13
Specifications (continued)
Effect of time-gating and averaging
on normal mode measurement noise:
The normal mode measurement
noise wil depend on the gate length
(time-gated period in second) and the
number of averages. The noise can
be approximately calculated with the
following equations.
If the gate length is < 2.73 µs, use Equation 1:
1
Number of averages
Noise = Noise per sample ×
Otherwise, use Equation 2:
(
)
1/4
1
4
×
Number of averages Gate length/(0.68 µs)
Noise = Noise per sample ×
Note: If the noise value obtained
from Equation 1 or 2 is lower than the
measurement noise specification, use
the value as specified in the measurement noise table.
Effects of averaging on noise:
Averaging over 1 to 1024 readings is
available for reducing noise. The table
below provides the measurement
noise for a particular sensor with the
number of averages set at 16 (for
normal mode) and 32 (for x2 mode).
Use the noise multiplier, for the
appropriate of averages, to determine
the total measurement noise value.
Example:
U2000A power sensor, –60 to
–35 dBm, normal mode, number of
averages = 4
Measurement noise calculation:
1 nW x 1.7 = 1.7 nW
Average only Mode
Number of averages
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
256
512
1024
Noise multiplier
Normal mode
x2 mode
2.0
2.7
1.8
2.4
1.7
2.0
1.5
1.6
1.0
1.0
0.95
0.91
0.74
0.78
0.55
0.53
0.39
0.34
0.29
0.29
0.21
0.20
14
Specifications (continued)
Settling time
Manual filter, 10-dB decreasing power step (not across switching points)
Number of averages
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
256
512
1024
Settling time (s)
Normal speed
x2 speed
0.045
0.042
0.09
0.05
0.17
0.09
0.34
0.17
0.66
0.34
1.3
0.66
2.6
1.3
5.2
2.6
10.4
5.2
20.9
10.4
41.9
20.9
Auto filter, default resolution, 10-dB decreasing power step
x2
speed
Normal
speed
45 ms
45 ms
82 ms
1.3 s
Typical
settling
times
1.5 s
U2000/1/2/4A
U2000/1/2H
U2000/1B
Maximum dBm
High power path
+10 dBm
+20 dBm
+40 dBm
+2 dBm
+12 dBm
+32 dBm
–4 dBm
+6 dBm
+26 dBm
–10 dBm
0 dBm
+20 dBm
–20 dBm
–10 dBm
+10 dBm
–30 dBm
–20 dBm
0 dBm
–40 dBm
–30 dBm
–10 dBm
–50 dBm
–40 dBm
–20 dBm
90 ms
2.6 s
2.7 s
450 ms
460 ms
1.6 s
2.8 s
20 s
39 s
24 s
42 s
24 s
42 s
Sensor
dynamic
range
Low power path
Minimum dBm
Settling time with auto filter, default resolution, and a 10 dB decreasing power step (not across the switching point)
Settling time = 25 ms*
*
When a power step crosses through the sensor’s auto-range switching point, add 25 ms
15
Specifications (continued)
Calibration factor and reflection
coefficient
Frequency
U2000A sensor
Uncertainty (%) (25 °C ± 10 °C)
Calibration factor (CF) and reflection
coefficient (Rho) data is unique to
each sensor. The CF corrects for the
frequency response of the sensor.
The reflection coefficient (Rho or ρ)
relates to the SWR based on the following formula:
10 to 30 MHz
30 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 14 GHz
14 to 16 GHz
16 to 18 GHz
1.8
1.6
2.0
2.2
2.2
SWR =
1+ρ
1–ρ
Maximum uncertainties of the CF
data are listed in the following table.
There is only one set of CF data used
for both high and low power paths of
each sensor.
The uncertainty analysis for the calibration data was done in accordance
with the ISO Guide. The uncertainty
data reported on the calibration certificate is the expanded uncertainty
with a 95% confidence level and a
coverage factor of 2.
U2001A sensor
10 to 30 MHz
30 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 6 GHz
1.8
1.6
2.0
U2002A sensor
2.0
2.5
2.7
2.7
3.0
50 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 14 GHz
14 to 16 GHz
16 to 18 GHz
18 to 24 GHz
U2004A sensor
9 kHz to 2 GHz
2 to 6 GHz
1.8
1.8
U2000B sensor
10 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 12.4 GHz
12.4 to 18 GHz
1.8
2.0
2.2
U2001B sensor
10 MHz to 2 GHz
2 to 6 GHz
1.8
2.0
U2000H sensor
10 MHz to 8 GHz
8 to 12.4 GHz
12.4 to 18 GHz
2.0
2.0
2.2
U2001H sensor
10 MHz to 6 GHz
2.0
U2002H sensor
2.5
2.5
2.7
3.0
50 MHz to 8 GHz
8 to 12.4 GHz
12.4 to 18 GHz
18 to 24 GHz
16
Specifications (continued)
Trigger
Internal trigger
Resolution
0.1 dB
Level accuracy
± 1 dB
Jitter
± 1 µs
External TTL trigger input
Impedance
50 Ω or 1 kΩ1
Trigger low
< 1.1 V
Trigger high
> 1.9 V
Minimum trigger pulse width
35 ns
Minimum trigger repetition period
80 ns
Trigger latency
11 µs ± 2 µs
Trigger delay
Range
–0.15 to + 0.15 s
Resolution
1 µs
Trigger hold-off
Range
1 µs to 400 ms
Resolution
1 µs
Trigger hysteresis
Range
0 to +3 dB
Resolution
0.1 dB
Normal Mode key specifications and characteristics
Parameters2
Performance
Maximum video bandwidth
40 kHz
Minimum rise time
40 µs
Minimum fall time
40 µs
Range settling time
150 µs
Minimum pulse width
200 µs
Sampling rate
1.47 Msps
Maximum capture length
150 ms
Maximum pulse repetition rate
150 kHz
Dynamic range
U2000/1/2A: –30 to +20 dBm
U2000/1/2H: –10 to +30 dBm
U2000/1B: 0 to +44 dBm
1. This is only available for option U2001A-H16
2. Not applicable for U2004A
17
Specifications (continued)
General specifications
Physical characteristics
Dimensions (LxWxH)
U2000/1/4A:
U2002A:
U2000/1B: U2000/1H: U2002H: 163.75 mm x 46.00 mm x 35.90 mm
134.37 mm x 46.00 mm x 35.90 mm
308.00 mm x 115.00 mm x 84.00 mm
207.00 mm x 46.00 mm x 36.00 mm
164.00 mm x 46.00 mm x 36.00 mm
Weight
U2000/1/4A: 0.262 kg
U2002A: 0.226 kg
U2000/1B: 0.762 kg
U2000/1H: 0.324 kg
U2002H: 0.274 kg
Operating environment
Temperature
0 °C to 55 °C
Humidity
Up to 95% relative humidity at 40 °C (non-condensing)
Altitude
Up to 4600 m (15,000 ft)
Pollution
Degree 2
Storage and shipment
Environment
Sensor should be stored in a clean, dry environment
Temperature
–30 °C to +70 °C
Humidity
Up to 90% relative humidity at 65 °C (non-condensing)
Altitude
Up to 4600 m (15,000 ft)
Pollution
Degree 2
Other
Current requirement
200 mA max (approximately)
Connector
U2000/1/4A, U2000/1H, U2000/1B: N-type (m), 50 Ω
U2002A, U2002H: 3.5 mm (m), 50 Ω
Cable
USB 2.0 Type A to 5-pin Mini-B
Programmability
SCPI , Agilent VEE, LabVIEW, Microsoft® Visual Basic
Safety and EMC compliance
IEC 61010-1:2001/EN 61010-1:2001 (2nd edition)
IEC 61326:2002 / EN61326:1997+A1:1998+A2:2001+A3:2003
Canada: ICES-001:2004
Australia/New Zealand: AS/NZS CISPR11:2004
Calibration1
1 year
Warranty
3 years
1
Compatible instruments
Agilent N9340A/B handheld spectrum analyzers
Agilent MXG signal generators
Agilent PNA, PNA-L and PNA-X Series performance network analyzers
1. See “Ordering information” for available options
18
Using the U2000 Series with the N1918A Power Analysis Manager
The N1918A software is available
in two versions: the basic Power
Panel and advanced Power Analyzer.
Power Analyzer provides full access
to the software’s complete features
and capabilities and its licenses,
N1918A-100 (PC license) and
N1918A-200 (USB dongle license),
are available for purchase separately.
A free, fully functional trial version
of the Power Analyzer automatically
runs for 30 days upon installation
from the bundled N1918A Power
Analysis Manager CD. The table here
shows functions accessible with each
version when used with the U2000
Series.
Power panel (basic)
Power analyzer (advanced)
Compact mode display
√
√
Soft panel (digital) display
√
√ (enhanced with limits and alerts notification)
Gauge (analog) display
√
√ (enhanced with limits and alerts notification)
Strip chart display
√
√
Trace graph display
√
√
Multiple tabs
X
√
Multiple display per tab
√
√
Multilist
√
√
Measurement displays
Graph functions
Single marker
√ (up to 2 markers per graph)
√ (up to 10 markers per graph)
Dual marker
√ (one set of markers per graph )
√ (up to 5 sets of markers per graph)
Graph autoscaling
√
√
Graph zooming
√
√
Measurement math
√ (delta, ratio)
√ (delta, ratio)
1
(continued)
1. Applies to usage with P-Series power meters
19
Using the U2000 Series with the N1918A Power Analysis Manager
(continued)
(continued)
Save/Load file functions
Save measurement data (with
timestamp)
Power panel (basic)
Power analyzer (advanced)
√ (applies to strip chart display; up to 10,000
data points)
√ (applicable in Strip Chart and Trace Graph)
Load measurement data
√ (applicable in Strip Chart and Trace Graph)
√ (applicable in Strip Chart and Trace Graph)
Data recording2 (with timestamp)
X
√ (applicable in Trace Graph2, Soft Panel, Strip
Chart, and Gauge)
Save and restore instrument setting
√
√
Time-gated measurements
√
√
Instrument preset settings
√
√
FDO table parameters
√
√
Instrument settings options
Measurement limit and alert functions
Limit and alert notification
X
√
Alert summary
X
√
√
√
Support function
Print application screen
2. Recording time for trace graphs may vary based on trace graph settings
Display units:
Absolute: Watts or dBm
Relative: Percent or dB
Display resolution:
Resolution of 1.0, 0.1, 0.01 and 0.001
dB in log mode; one to four digits in
linear mode
Default resolution:
0.01 dB in log mode; three digits in
linear mode
Zero:
For performing internal and external
zeroing
Range:
Sensor-dependent, configurable in
1-kHz steps
Relative:
Displays all successive measurements relative to the last referenced
value
Offset:
Allows power measurements to be
offset by –100 dB to +100 dB, configurable in 0.001 dB increments, to
compensate for external loss or gain
Duty cycle:
Duty cycle values between 0.001% to
99.999% can be entered in increments
of 0.01% to display a pulse power
representation of measured power.
The following equation is used to
calculate the displayed pulse power
value: Pulse Power = Measured
Power/Duty Cycle
20
Limits:
High and low limits can be set in
the range between –150.00 dBm
to +230.000 dBm, in 0.001 dBm
increments
Preset default values:
Channel Offset (dB) = 0, Duty Cycle
Off, Frequency 50 MHz, AUTO
Average, AUTO Range, Free Run
Mode, dBm mode
Using the U2000 Series with the N1918A Power Analysis Manager
(continued)
System requirements
Hardware
Processor
Desktop PC: 1.3 GHz Pentium® IV or higher recommended
Laptop PC: 900 MHz Pentium M or higher recommended
RAM
512 MB (1.0 GB or higher recommended)
Hard disk space
1.0 GB or more free disk space at runtime
Resolution
800 x 600 or higher (1280 x 1024 recommended)
Operating system and browser
Operating system
Windows® 7 32-bit
Windows Vista 32-bit1
Windows XP Professional 32-bit Service Pack 2 or higher2
Browser
Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.1 (6.0 or higher recommended)
Software
Agilent IO Libraries Suite
Version 15.53 or higher
Microsoft .NET Framework
Runtime version 2.0
Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Runtime Libraries4
Version 1.0 or higher
1. Supports USB License Key only
2. Supports both PC Licensing and USB License Key
3. Available on the Agilent Automation-Ready CD-ROM. Agilent IO Libraries Suite 15.5 is required if your PC is running on Windows Vista 32-bit operating system.
4. Bundled with N1918A Power Analysis Manager CD
21
Ordering Information
Power sensors
Models
Description
Power range
Connector type
U2000A
10 MHz to 18 GHz USB sensor
–60 to +20 dBm
N-type male, 50 Ω
U2000B
10 MHz to 18 GHz USB sensor
–30 to +44 dBm
N-type male, 50 Ω
U2000H
10 MHz to 18 GHz USB sensor
–50 to +30 dBm
N-type male, 50 Ω
U2001A
10 MHz to 6 GHz USB sensor
–60 to +20 dBm
N-type male, 50 Ω
U2001B
10 MHz to 6 GHz USB sensor
–30 to +44 dBm
N-type male, 50 Ω
U2001H
10 MHz to 6 GHz USB sensor
–50 to +30 dBm
N-type male, 50 Ω
U2002A
50 MHz to 24 GHz USB sensor
–60 to +20 dBm
3.5 mm male, 50 Ω
U2002H
50 MHz to 24 GHz USB sensor
–50 to +30 dBm
3.5 mm male, 50 Ω
U2004A
9 kHz to 6 GHz USB sensor
–60 to +20 dBm
N-type male, 50 Ω
Options and accessories
U2001A-H03
U2001A sensor with extended frequency range, 3 MHz to 6 GHz
U2001A-H16
With 1K ohms input trigger impedance. Higher impedance is typically required when several instruments’ input
trigger ports are connected in parallel for triggering purpose. Standard option has 50 ohms input trigger
impedance.
U2001A-H25
U2001A sensor with extended power range, –60 dBm to +25 dBm
U2002A-H26
U2002A sensor with extended frequency range, 10 MHz to 26.5 GHz
Standard-shipped accessories
Trigger cable BNC Male to SMB female 50 Ω, 1.5 m
Power sensor cable: 1.5 m, 3.0 m, or 5.0 m
U2000 Series USB Power Sensor Documentation CD
N1918A Power Analysis Manager Assembly
Agilent Automation-Ready CD (contains Agilent IO Libraries Suite)
Warranty
3-years, return-to-Agilent warranty and service plan for the U2000 Series USB power sensors
3 months for standard-shipped accessories
22
Ordering Information (continued)
Accessories, calibration and documentation options
Cables
Description
U2031A
USB 2.0 Type A to 5-pin Mini-B cable with secure locking mechanism, 1.5 m (5 ft)
U2031B
USB 2.0 Type A to 5-pin Mini-B cable with secure locking mechanism, 3.0 m (10 ft)
U2031C
USB 2.0 Type A to 5-pin Mini-B cable with secure locking mechanism, 5.0 m (16.4 ft)
U2032A
BNC (m) to SMB (f) trigger cable, 1.5 m, 50 W
Travel kits
Description
U2000A-201
Transit case1
U2000A-202
Soft carrying case
U2000B-201
Transit case2
U2000A-204
Soft carrying pouch
Hanging kit
Description
U2000A-203
Holster
Calibration
Description
Option 1A7
ISO 17025 calibration with test data
Option A6J
ANSI Z540 calibration with test data
Warranty
Description
Option R-51B-001-Z
Return to Agilent Warranty - 3 years
Option R-51B-001-5Z
Warranty Assurance Plan - Return to Agilent - 5 years
Documentation
Description
Option OB1
English language Operating and Service Guide
Option ABD
German language Operating and Service Guide
Option ABE
Spanish language Operating and Service Guide
Option ABF
French language Operating and Service Guide
Option ABJ
Japanese language Operating and Service Guide
Option ABZ
Italian language Operating and Service Guide
Option AB2
Simplified Chinese language Operating and Service Guide
Software
Description
N1918A-100
Power Analyzer version of N1918A Power Analysis Manager software (PC license)
N1918A-200
Power Analyzer version of N1918A Power Analysis Manager software (USB dongle license)
Complementary I/O
connectivity hardware
Description
E5813A
Networked 5-port USB hub
3
U2000A/B-201 Transit case
U2000A-202 Soft carrying case
U2000A-203 Holster
1. U2000A-201 transit case for A model only.
2. U2000B-201 transit case for B and H model
3. Refer to www.agilent.com/find/e5813a for more information on the device
23
U2000A-204 Soft carrying pouch
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Product specifications and descriptions in
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© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2011-2014
Published in USA, February 21, 2014
5989-6278EN
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