BKI | GO-36 | Technical data | BKI GO-36 Technical data

MicroTREK
HT two-wire guided microwave
level transmitters
Manufacturer:
NIVELCO Process Control Co.
H-1043 Budapest, Dugonics u. 11.
Tel.: (36-1) 889-0100
Fax: (36-1) 889-0200
E-mail: sales@nivelco.com
www.nivelco.com
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max. programmed value of the
measuring distance of the application
max. measuring range of the instrument
the factory set maximum measuring
distance of the instrument (Xm)
factory set value of the
min. measuring
distance (dead zone) Xm
GUIDED MICROWAVE LEVEL MEASUREMENT
upper dead zone set higher
than the pre-programmed
DIST= measured distance
programmed
measuring range
of the applications
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LEV= level (H - DIST)
VOL= volume (calculated from DIST
LEV)
lower dead zone
(measurement is not possible)
CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................. 5
2. ORDER CODE ................................................................................................ 6
3. TECHNICAL DATA......................................................................................... 7
3.1 Accessories ............................................................................................ 14
3.2 Safety regulations for the Ex approved units.......................................... 14
3.3 Maintenance and repair.......................................................................... 14
4. MECHANICAL INSTALLATION ................................................................... 15
4.1 Handling and storage ............................................................................. 15
4.2 Mounting on the tank .............................................................................. 18
4.2.1 Installation instructions: general notes ........................................... 18
4.2.2 Specific installation instructions: gauge - solid applications ........... 24
4.3 Wiring...................................................................................................... 26
4.3.1 BUS ( HART®) communication ....................................................... 30
4.4 Power-on and start-up ............................................................................ 31
4.5 Available user interfaces ........................................................................ 31
5. PROGRAMMING ...........................................................................................32
5.1 Programming with PCSTAR 2 software..................................................32
5.1.1 PCSTAR 2: installation and execution. ...........................................32
5.1.2 Summary of User Functions in PCSTAR 2 (F2 – Configuration) ....36
5.1.3 Quick Configuration: configuration examples..................................42
5.2 Programming with SAP-300 display unit................................................49
5.2.1 SAP-300 display unit.......................................................................49
5.2.2 MicroTREK’s behaviour in manual programming mode .................50
5.2.3 Manual programming ......................................................................51
5.3 Programming with HART® handheld (HHC) Communicator ...................52
5.3.1 Characters available for alpha-numerical data functions
in PCSTAR2 and on the HART® console........................................62
5.4 MicroTREK 2-wire T.D.R. meter characteristics .....................................63
5.4.1 Gauge operating logic when the reflection is lost ...........................65
5.4.2 Gain and voltage amplitude ............................................................66
5.4.3 Typical signal trends........................................................................70
5.4.4 Automatic adjustment......................................................................71
5.4.5 Level measurement when
more than one phase or layer in the tank........................................73
5.5 Troubleshooting ......................................................................................75
5.6 Appendix 1 – Set-up parameters
of MicroTREK H-400 series in Multicont controller .................................79
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Thank you for choosing a NIVELCO instrument.
We are sure that you will be satisfied throughout its use!
1. INTRODUCTION
Application
The MicroTREK 2-wire level gauge uses the Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) measuring principle and two-wire technology for level measurement.
It is designed for measuring the distance, level, volume of liquids, pastes, slurries and powder products.
The device is applicable in tank, silo, rigid pipe, reaction vessel and level reference vessel.
The device is HART capable, it can be programmed using a HART Handheld Communicator (HHC), a Multicont universal process controller and PCSTAR2 software
supplied as standard with the gauge.
Operating principle
The MicroTREK 2-wire guided microwave level transmitter uses the TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) principle. The instrument sends low power nanosecundum
wide pulses along an electrically conductive rod, cable or coaxial probe with a known propagation speed (the speed of light). As the pulse reaches the surface of the
medium or phase of two liquids (altered dielectric constant εr), a part of it is reflected back to the electronic module. The efficiency of the reflected signal depends on
the dielectric constant εr difference of the mediums or layers. (From the plain surface of air-water phase the reflected signal's strength will be approx. 80% of the
emitted signal). The reflected pulse is detected as an electrical voltage signal and processed by the electronics. Level distance is directly proportional to the flight time
of the pulse. The measured level data is converted into 4-20 mA current and HART signals and is displayed on the LCD display. From the level data further derived
measuring values can be calculated such as volume and mass. The TDR technology is unaffected by the other properties of the medium as well as that of the space
above it.
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2. ORDER CODE
MicroTREK H
TYPE
Transmitter
High temp.
transmitter
Transmitter +
display
High temp.
transmitter +
display
- 4
-
* 2-wire guided microwave level transmitter
CODE
PROBE / PROC. CONN.
CODE
HOUSING
CODE
T
Caoaxial / 1” BSP
Coaxial / 1” NPT
Coaxial / 11/2” BSP
Coaxial / 11/2” NPT
Rod / 1” BSP
Rod / 1” NPT
Rod / 11/2” BSP
Rod / 11/2” NPT
Twin rod / 11/2” BSP
Twin rod / 11/2” NPT
4mm cable / 1” BSP
4mm cable / 1” NPT
4mm cable / 11/2” BSP
4mm cable / 11/2” NPT
8mm cable / 11/2” BSP
8mm kötél / 11/2” NPT
4mm twin cable / 11/2” BSP
4mm twin cable / 11/2” NPT
4mm FEP coated cable 1”BSP
4mm FEP coated cable 1”NPT
4mm FEP coat. cable / DN 40 Tricl.
4mm FEP coat. cable / DN 40 Milch
PFA fully coated rod / DN 50
4mm FEP fully coat. cable / DN 50
PP fully coated rod / DN 50
A
B
C
H
R
P
S
Z
D
E
K
L
V
W
N
J
T
U
F
G
X
Y
Q
M
I
Aluminium
4
Plastic
5
H
B
P
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INSERTION
LENGTH
CODE
INSERTION
LENGTH
CODE
Coaxial, Rod,
Twin rod
0m
0
1m
1
2m
2
3m
3
Coaxial, Rod (∅14mm)
4m
4
5m
5
6m
6
Coaxial, Rod,
Twin rod
0m
0
0.1m
1
0.2m
2
0.3m
3
0.4m
4
0.5m
5
0.6m
6
0.7m
7
0.8m
8
0.9m
9
Cable version
0m
10m
20m
Cable version
0m
0
1m
1
2m
2
3m
3
4m
4
5m
5
6m
6
7m
7
8m
8
9m
9
0
1
2
OUTPUT / EX
4 – 20 mA
+ HART / none
4 – 20 mA + HART /
II 1 D iaD A20/21 IP 65 T100°C
4 – 20 mA + HART /
ATEX 1G IIC or IIB
* The order code of an Ex version
should end in ’Ex’
CODE
4
6
8
3. TECHNICAL DATA
GENERAL DATA
Measured values
Measuring range
Probe types and technical data
Housing
Input data
Medium temperature
Medium pressure
Ambient temperature
Sealing
Ingress protection
Power supply
Output signals
Output data
Accuracy
Resolution
Electrical connection
Electrical protection
Mass (housing)
Between the reference point of the unit and reflection plane (material surface), distance, level, and volume
Depends on probe type and the properties of the measured medium (see technical data: Probes table)
Coaxial, twin cable, mono cable, twin rod and mono rod probes (see technical data – Probes table)
Aluminium cast with epoxy coating
–30 °C ... +200 °C (Ex), lower or higher temperatures for non-Ex version on special request
Flange temperature: –30 °C ... +90 °C, High temperature H or P types: +200 °C
- 0.1 … 1.6 MPa (- 1… 16 bar) max. allowed pressure at 20°C for 1.4571 (stainless steel) flange 4 Mpa (40 bar)
–30 °C …+60 °C, with display: –20 °C … +60 °C
®
®
FPM (Viton ), optional for high temp version Perfluoroelastomer (Kalrez 6375), EPDM
IP 65 (NEMA 4 – 4X)
18 … 35 V DC , nominal 24 V DC, Ex version 18 … 28V, protection for surge transients
Analogue: 4 … 20 mA, (3.9 … 20.5 mA) passive output, error 22 mA
®
BUS: serial line, HART interface, terminal resistor max. 750 ohm
Display: SAP-300 LCD matrix
Liquids: ±5mm. For probe length L ≥10m ±0.05% of the range
Under ideal reflection and stabilised temperature conditions.
Solids: ±20mm. For probe length L ≥ 10m ±0.2% of the range
±3µA
2 x M20x1.5 metal cable glands Cable diameter: 7 … 13 mm (Ex), or M20x1.5 plastic cable glands, Cable diameter: 6 … 12 mm
wire cross-section: 0.5 … 1.5 mm2 (shielded cable is advised) + 2 x NPT ½” for cable gland
Class III.
1.5 kg
ADDITIONAL DATA FOR THE ’EX’ APPROVED MODELS
Ex marking
Intrinsically safe data
Ex power supply
Medium temperature
Medium pressure
Ambient temperature
II 1 G EEx ia IIC T6 … T3; II 1 G EEx ia IIB T6 … T3; II 1 D iaD A20/21 IP 65 T100°C
Ci ≤ 10 nF, Li ≤ 10 µH, Ui ≤ 30 V, Ii ≤ 150 mA, Pi ≤ 1 W For Ex transmitter only EEx ia power supply should be used
Uo < 30 V, Io < 150 mA, Po < 1 W, Supply range 18 V … 30 V,
–30 °C ... +200 °C (see Technical data – Medium Temperature table)
–0.1 … 4 MPa (-1 … 40 bar) (see Technical data – Medium Pressure diagram)
–30 °C …+60 °C, with display: –20 °C … +60 °C
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TECHNICAL DATA OF THE PROBES
H†K - †† - ††
TYPE
H†A-††- ††
H†L - †† - ††
H†R-††- ††
H†S- †† -††
H†N-††- ††
H†T- ††- ††
H†D-††- ††
H†B-††- ††
H†V - †† - ††
H†P-††-††
H†Z- ††- ††
H†J-††- ††
H†U-††- ††
H†E-††-††
H†C-††- ††
H†W - †† - ††
Denomination
H†H-††- ††
4mm cable
Rod
Rod
8 mm cable
4mm twin cable
Twin rod
Coaxial
Max. measuring distance
24 m
3m
6m
24 m
24 m
3m
6m
Min. measuring distance
εr = 80 / εr = 2.4
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.15 m / 0.3 m
0.15 m / 0.3 m
0m
Min. distance to objects
∅ 600 mm
∅ 600 mm
∅ 600 mm
∅ 600 mm
∅ 200 mm
∅ 200 mm
∅ 0 mm
2.1
1” BSP
1” NPT
11/2” BSP
11/2” NPT
2.1
2.1
2.1
1.8
1.8
1” BSP
11/2” BSP
11/2” BSP
11/2” BSP
11/2” BSP
1” NPT
11/2” NPT
11/2” NPT
11/2” NPT
11/2” NPT
1.4
1” BSP
1” NPT
11/2” BSP
11/2” NPT
Min. medium εr
Process connection
Probe material
1.4401
1.4571
1.4571
1.4401
1.4401
1.4571
1.4571
4 mm
0.12 kg/m
8 mm
0.4 kg/m
14 mm
1.2 kg/m
8 mm
0.4 kg/m
4 mm
0.24 kg/m
Separator material
–
–
–
–
PFA, welded on
the cable
8 mm
0.8 kg/m
PTFE-GF25
if length > 1.5m
28 mm
1.3 kg/m
PTFE,
If length > 1.5m
Weight dimensions
∅ 25 x 100 mm
1.4571
–
–
∅ 40 x 80 mm
1.4571
–
–
∅ 40 x 260 mm
1.4571
–
–
–
–
Nominal diameter of probe
Mass
Weight material
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TECHNICAL DATA OF THE COATED PROBES
TYPE
Denomination
Max. measuring distance
Min. measuring distance
εr = 80 / εr = 2.4
Min. distance to objects
Min. medium εr
Process connection
Probe material
Nominal diameter of the probe
Mass
Fillet and weight coating material
Weight dimensions
Weight material
Max. medium temp.
H†F - †† - ††
HTX-†† - ††
HTY-†† - ††
HTM-†† - ††
HTQ-†† - ††
HTI-†† - ††
4mm FEP coated
cable
4mm FEP coated
cable
4mm FEP coated
cable
4mm fully FEP
coated cable
Fully PFA coated rod
Fully PP coated rod
24 m
24 m
24 m
24 m
3m
3m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
0.3 m / 0.4 m
∅ 600 mm
∅ 600 mm
∅ 600 mm
∅ 600 mm
∅ 600 mm
∅ 600 mm
2.4
1” BSP
1” NPT
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
DN 40 Triclamp
DN 40 Milch
DN 50
DN 50
DN 50
1.4401 / FEP
6 mm
0.16 kg/m
–
1.4401 / FEP
6 mm
0.16 kg/m
–
1.4401 / FEP
6 mm
0.16 kg/m
–
1.4401 / FEP
6 mm
0.16 kg/m
PFA
1.4571 / PFA
12 mm
0.5 kg/m
PFA
1.4571 / PP
16 mm
0.6 kg/m
PP
∅ 25 x 100 mm
1.4571
+150 °C
∅ 25 x 100 mm
1.4571
+150 °C
∅ 25 x 100 mm
1.4571
+150 °C
∅ 30 x 183 mm
1.4571
+150 °C
–
–
–
+150 °C
–
+60 °C
H†G - †† - ††
MEDIUM TEMPERATURE TABLE
MEDIUM PRESSURE DIAGRAM
TYPE
FLANGE TEMPERATURE
Transmitter
–30 °C … +90 °C
High temp. HH_ or HP_ transmitter
–30 °C … +200 °C
Lower or higher temperature for non-Ex version on special request
200°C
140°C
80°C
20°C
-30°C
-1 bar
16 bar
24 bar
32 bar
40 bar
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DIMENSIONS
HTK-†† - ††
HTA-†† - ††
HTL-†† - ††
HTR-†† - ††
HTS-†† - ††
HTN-†† - ††
HTT-†† - ††
HTD-†† - ††
HTB-†† - ††
HTV-††- ††
HTP-†† - ††
HTZ-†† - ††
HTJ-†† - ††
HTU-†† - ††
HTE-†† - ††
HTC-†† - ††
HTW-†† - ††
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HTH-†† - ††
HTF-†† - ††
HTG-†† - ††
HTX-†† - ††
HTY-†† - ††
HTM-†† - ††
HTQ-†† - ††
HTI-†† - ††
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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
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Housing
Cable gland
High temp. connection
Mono cable probe
Weight
Twin cable probe
Twin cable separator
Twin rod separator
Twin rod probe
Mono rod probe
Grounding screw
Process connection
Coaxial probe
Nameplate
1 TYPE CODE
2 Serial number
3 Manufacturing date
4 Ambient temperature
5 Ex marking
6 EC-type certificate
7
AS ORDER CODE
Serial number
- 30 OC … + 60 OC
AS TABLE
Ci<10nF Li<10µH Ui<30V Ii<150mA Pi<1W
8 Ingress protection
Ex marking
H_X-_ _ _-8
3
Process Control Co.
H-1043 Budapest, Dugonics u. 11.
1,2
H_F-_ _ _-8
H_G-_ _ _-8
4
IP65
II 1 G EEx ia IIB T6 … T3
H_Y-_ _ _-8
H_A-_ _ _-8
…
H_U-_ _ _-8
H_R-_ _ _-6
H_P-_ _ _-6
H_S-_ _ _-6
H_Z-_ _ _-6
H_D-_ _ _-6
H_E-_ _ _-6
H_K-_ _ _-6
H_L-_ _ _-6
H_V-_ _ _-6
H_W-_ _ _-6
H_N_ _ _-6
H_J-_ _ _-6
H_T-_ _ _-6
H_U-_ _ _-6
II 1 G EEx ia IIC T6 … T3
MADE IN EU
5
7
6
8
II 1 D iaD A20/21 IP 65 T100°C
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3.1 ACCESSORIES
•
•
•
Certificate of Warranty
Installation and Programming Manual
Declaration of Conformity
•
•
•
PCStar2 software CD
2 pcs M20x1.5 cable gland
SAP-300 display module (option)
3.2 SAFETY REGULATIONS FOR THE EX APPROVED UNITS
The level transmitter must be operated in intrinsically safe circuit only.
The metal enclosure of the unit must be connected to the EP circuit.
3.3 MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
MicroTREK does not require maintenance on a regular basis. In some very rare instances, however, the probe may need a cleaning from deposited material.
This must be carried out gently, without damaging the probe.
Repairs during or after the warranty period are carried out exclusively at the Manufacturers. The equipment sent back for repairs should be cleaned or neutralised
(disinfected) by the User.
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4. MECHANICAL INSTALLATION
4.1 HANDLING AND STORAGE
The device will weigh between approximately 3 kg or 7 lb and 12 kg or 25 lb.
Carry using both hands to lift the device carefully by the converter housing. If necessary, use lifting gear.
No attempt should be made to lift the instrument by its probe.
Caution: The probe is a critical gauge component. Do not damage - Handle with care!
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Avoiding blows - avoid hard blows, jolts, impacts, etc.
Caution: fragile electronics
Avoid bending (single rod and coaxial probes) - Support the probe to
avoid bending.
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Avoid cable kinks and fraying
Do not coil the cable less than 400 mm or 16 “ in diameter. Cable
kinks or fraying will cause measurement errors.
400mm
minimum
Storage temperature
+80°C
-40°C
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4.2 MOUNTING ON THE TANK
4.2.1 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS: GENERAL NOTES
Prior the installation some consideration is to be made regarding tank fittings and tank shape. Nozzle position in relation to the tank walls and other objects inside the
tanks
(Warning: this free area will depend on the probe type selected: refer to later on in this section) type of tank roof, i.e. floating, concrete, integral, etc; and base, i.e.
conical, etc. Whenever working on an installation, remember to: Disconnect the power supply before starting work. However, the gauge may be installed when the
tank contains product.
Threaded process connections
The simplest and most economic way is to mount the MicroTREK 2-wire
directly on the tank with the 1” (1½”) BSP or 1” (1½”) NPT threaded
connection.
Nozzle height
Do not fit a nozzle longer than its diameter, especially for single
probes and powder applications
h ≤ Ød
, where
h = nozzle height and
d = nozzle diameter
Contact NIVELCO if this relationship cannot be respected.
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Nozzles penetrating into tank
Caution: Do not use nozzles that penetrate into the tank. This
will disturb the emitted pulse.
Installation of two devices
If two devices are to be used on the same tank, these should be
mounted at a distance of at least 2 m or 6.5 ft away from each other.
If not, interferences from the electromagnetic (EM) fields generated
by both instruments may cause measurement errors.
Coaxial probes: the outer shell of the probe contains the EM field: no
minimum distance required.
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Process connection and entry pipe
Install far from
entry pipe
or use a
deflector
plate
Caution: Do not put the nozzle close to the entry pipe.
medium
Pouring the product directly onto the probe will give false readings.
Install deflector plate if impossible to distance gauge from entry
pipe.
Stilling wells
Tanks with floating roofs for petrochemical applications: Use a stilling well.
1
2
3
4
5
6
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Stilling well
Tank
Floating roof
Product (petroleum applications)
Well fixed to tank base (no roof deformation)
Sediment
Probes: entanglement, straightness and tank bottom clearance
Cable probes must be straight once inserted into the tank.
They must also be far from other objects (e.g. mixers) to avoid entanglement.
In order to maintain the gauge’s operating characteristics, it is recommended to
avoid touching the tank bottom with the counterweights (for cable probes) or probe
end (other types).
Avoid mounting near objects (discontinuities) inside the tank that influence the
probe’s EM (electromagnetic) field
Install the gauge far from protruding objects such as: heating tubes, sudden
changes in tank cross-section, tank wall reinforcements and beams, weld lines
and dip-stick pipes, etc...
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Agitator in the tank
1
2
3
4
5
6
Agitator
Support beam perpendicular to the pulse direction
Abrupt changes in tank cross section
Heating tubes
Alternative solution: reference chamber - electromagnetic field is within chamber
Gauge electromagnetic field :
Any intruding metallic object will be detected in this zone if perpendicular to the
emitted pulse direction.
Do not fit the gauge near to these objects.
When measuring liquids the use of a stilling well or reference chamber is favorable
because it ensures electromagnetic protection for an accurate measuring.
No electromagnetic field outside the reference chamber.
Use a sunshade if the unit is exposed to direct sunlight.
.
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Fastening the probe to the tank bottom
Flexible probes can be fastened with a chuck (ring), turnbuckle or similar fastening device to the tank bottom
Shortening cable probes
If required, the cable probe can be shortened, but
this applies only when used in liquids.
Procedure
1 Detach socket set screw M6x10 (ISO 4026)
with 5 mm Allen (hexagon) key (ISO 2936).
2 Pull cable out of counterweight and
shorten to required length using cable cutters
to prevent the cable wires and strands from
splaying out.
3 Insert cable back into counterweight and
tighten down screws
4 Change configuration parameters to new
probe length; the reference point is the top
edge of the weight (user menu function
1.1.6).
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4.2.2 SPECIFIC INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS: GAUGE - SOLID APPLICATIONS
FALSE READINGS:
1
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Do not let the probe touch the side of the nozzle
Conical silo nozzles, false readings and traction on the cable probes
2 High traction forces:
We recommend that the probe should not be anchored to avoid excessive traction loads on the
cable.
3 Bending and traction:
Position the connection on the roof at ½ radius of the tank and with minimum nozzle height.
This will avoid damage due to bending and traction during emptying.
Traction load is dependent upon the height and shape of the tank, product particle size & density, and the rate at which the tank is emptied. The table below
gives the load up to which cable probes will hold.
Probe type
Material
Probe Length 6 m
Probe Length 12 m
Probe Length 24 m
Cement
0.6 T
1.2 T
2.4 T
Mono cable Ø8 mm, max. load: 3.0 T
Fly ash
0.3 T
0.6 T
1.2 T
Product build-up can occur under the nozzle: this may weaken the pulse.
Avoid cavities that permit the build-up of deposits.
Tank roofs should support loads of at least 3 T for gauge installations using Ø8 mm or 0.3” single cable probes.
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4.3 WIRING
Wiring in non-Ex environment
1
2
3
4
5
6
Connection to the EP network (grounding).
Screw type terminal (EP) on the housing max. cable cross-section:
4 mm².
The housing of the MicroTREK must be grounded.
Grounding resistance R < 1 Ohm
The shielding of the signal cable should be grounded at the control
room.
Avoid coupling of electromagnetic noises place the singnal cable away
from power-current cables.
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Detach the cover of the unit
Guide the cable into the housing through the cable gland
Remove a 4 mm length of isolation from the wires and
cut away the free part of the shielding.
Connect the wires of the current loop to terminals 2 and 3 (any polarity).
Pull back the cable till a 10 mm cable length remain in the housing behind
the cable gland.
Tighten the cable gland using two spanners.
Check the connection of wires and the tightness at the cable gland.
Array the wires in the housing and screw the cover on the housing.
The 500V AC insulation test should not be performed on the instrument
because of the overvoltage protection of the electronics.
Electrostatic discharge (E.S.D.)
MicroTREK 2-wire non-Ex and Ex gauge electronics are shielded up to 4 kV against E.S.D.
Note: E.S.D. cannot be solved by MicroTREK 2-wire E.S.D. protection.
It is the customer’s responsibility to avoid E.S.D. by grounding the tank, product and probe installation.
DANGER OF INJURY
1
The probe may receive an electrostatic discharge during operation; earth
the probe by pushing it against tank wall with a suitably isolated tool just
before touching it to avoid receiving a shock.
2 Earth the entry pipe and product.
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Non-hazardous-duty version
US
MikroTREK 2 vezetékes
=
mA
RA
HART
4 ... 20mA
UE
L
Power supply
Nominal voltage
24 V DC
Maximum voltage (Uinput):
35 V DC
Minimum voltage (Uinput):
dependent on load impedance, see graph below
Load impedance RA
Loop resistance, Rloop
RHART + Rcable + Rammeter
Ohm
Minimum load impedance RA
0 Ohm
Maximum load impedance RA
750 Ohm
RHART resistance for HART® communication
250 Ohm, recommended
Line A = minimum voltage at the MicroTREK 2-wire terminals
Line B = minimum supply voltage (for voltage drop caused by a 250 Ohm loop resistance)
U power minimum 22 = 22 mA x load impedance + Uinput minimum 22
U power minimum 22 = 22 mA x 250 Ohm + 10 V = 5.5 V + 10 V = 15.5 V
In order to cover the whole current range, the voltage drop must also be tested at 4 mA:
By analogy, the following applies: U power minimum 4 = 4 mA x load impedance + Uinput minimum 4
U power minimum 4 = 4 mA x 250 Ohm + 18 V = 1 V + 18 V = 19 V
At a load impedance of 250 Ohm a power supply voltage of 19 V is sufficient to energize the current device range of 4 to 20 mA.
Example for calculating the power supply: The voltage drop is tested at 22 mA:
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Hazardous-duty version
Connect the wires of the current loop to terminals 2 and 3 (any polarity).
The intrinsically safe certified device may only be used in conjunction with an other intrinsically safe certified equipment.
All the allowed electrical safety data indicated on the nameplate must be observed.
An ’Ex’ repeater power supply unit must be used.
For calculation of the supply voltage the same applies as for the
standard non-’Ex’ version.
non Ex area
Ex area
Mic roTREK 2 -wire
=
[Ex ia]
mA
4-20mA
EEx ia
L
The connected Ex repeater must be HART®-compatible so that
it can be operated with the PCSTAR2 communication software or
the HART® communicator.
The HART adapter should be connected to the intrinsically safe
input of the Ex repeater!
The units with plastic coating can only be used in IIB gas class
hazardous area.
RA
HART
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4.3.1 BUS ( HART®) COMMUNICATION
Microtrek has two output options:
Current out. and HART®,
Passive, HART® protocol
’Ex ia’ current out. and HART®
Intrinsically safe passive, HART® protocol
In accordance with the Rosemount Standard, HART® communication can be used with a MicroTREK 2-wire.
It is used as a point-to-point connection between the MicroTREK 2-wire as slave and the HART® master.
converter
PCSTAR”
or
HART specific
software and
operating devices
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4.4 POWER-ON AND START-UP
The MicroTREK 2-wire is pre-configured in accordance to customer order specifications and measurements can be made immediately. A start-up time of less than 60
seconds should be allowed once the unit is connected and the power is switched on.
If the probe length has been shortened since delivery, please refer to section
3.3.1: Summary of User Functions, user function 1.1.6: Probe length to modify configured probe length.
4.5 AVAILABLE USER INTERFACES
Programming of MicroTREK can be done using the following instruments / accessories:
PCSTAR 2 software
SAP-300 display unit
MultiCONT universal process controller
HART® (HHC) Handheld Communicator
Accessory shipped with the instrument.
See chapter „5.1 Programming with PCSTAR 2 software”. (PC needed.)
Can be ordered.
See chapter „5.2. Programming with SAP-300 display unit”.
Can be ordered.
For programming instructions see the User Manual of Multicont.
Sold separately. Automatic device detection on powering.
See chapter „5.3 Programming with HART® (HHC) Communicator”.
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5. PROGRAMMING
MicroTREK can be programmed in three (basic) ways.
•
Programming with PCSTAR 2 software
•
Programming with SAP-300 display unit
•
Programming with HART® Handheld (HHC) Communicator (For operating instruction see the User manual of the HHC)
5.1 PROGRAMMING WITH PCSTAR 2 SOFTWARE
5.1.1 PCSTAR 2: INSTALLATION AND EXECUTION.
PCStar2 is a Windows software. It is used for programming the unit and displaying the measured variables.
System requirements:
•
IBM 486 PC with minimum 75MHz processor, recommended: IBM PC Pentium 120MHz or better
•
Microsoft Windows 9x, Me, 2000, NT or XP
•
min. 16 MByte RAM
•
min. 3 MByte free harddisc space
•
Mouse or other pointing device
•
Serial RS-232 port
Electrical connections: connect the HART® adapter (can be ordered separately)
through a load impedance of max. 350 Ohm to a serial RS232 port of the PC.
In hazardous-duty systems a HART capable Ex repeater must be inserted in the loop before the interface!
The HART adapter should be connected to the intrinsically safe input of the Ex repeater!
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Installing the program: execute the file "PCSTAR.EXE" and follow the instructions on the screen.
Running the program:
once the program is installed, execute the PCST2NT.EXE program. The screen shown below will be displayed.
Define device interface: press F4 or left-click on “F4-Serial” at the bottom of the screen – to define the interface to which the device is to be connected.
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Serial port – The serial port allows the user to select a free serial port (COM 1 to 4) on the
computer.
MicroTREK Address – Type the “Address” that you have given a gauge (a value between 0
and 15) and press ENTER or OK.
This will select the required device. If you are in a point to point network leave the box at its
default value (-1).
Device identifier – Device Identifier refers to the “Device number” given in User Function No.
1.4.4.
Initial baud rate – Transmission rate of data. Has a default value of 1200 bd.
RTS state – The RTS state depends on the type of RS232 converter used.
For RS232<>HARTTM(i.e. VIATOR from MACTEK) use inversed RTS state.
On-line connection with the gauge: Press F2 or left-click on “F2-Connection” to set up the connection with the device – the configuration parameters are
automatically loaded into the computer.
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After the connection has been established, the following screen is shown. This will show the current status of the tank.
No further configuration should be necessary. The following functions are available on the screen and will be discussed further in section 8.4:
F2 – Device configuration: a summary of the
parameters are given on the next page
F7 – Oscilloscope function: displays all
reflections detected by the probe
F11 – Dynamic/on-line device configuration
F4 – View and record all information during
operation
F6 – Trend: observe the level trend since start of
the program
F8 – Marker: read the status of the device
F10 – make printouts (screenshots).
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1.4.6 SUMMARY OF USER FUNCTIONS IN PCSTAR 2 (F2 – CONFIGURATION)
The table below provides an overview of all parameters that can be set nt he configuration menu using F2 in PCSTAR2. Default values are in bold type nt he “Input
Range” column.
Function
1.0.0 Operation
1.1.0 Basic parameters
1.1.1 Tank height
Input Range
Enter 0 … 60 000 mm or
0 … 197 ft.
As per order
1.1.2 Dead zone
Warning:
Critical Parameter
1.1.3 Time constant
Fct.1.5.1
Enter a value
Fct.1.5.1
(Detection delay) … probe length.
„Minimum measuring distance”
As probe technical data table
The tank height forms the basis for calculating level measurements and for the
relevant current output.
It is defined as the distance between the lower flange surface and the reference
point at the bottom of the tank. The output unit is determined via Fct. 1.2.4.:
Length Unit. The set tank height is the upper limit for Fct. 1.3.4: Scale I1 max
Note: the device will not measure beyond the programmed probe length if the
current output is configured to measure distance or level .
The dead zone is the minimum measuring distance from the process connection
(reference point) to the surface of the product. So as not to impair measurement
accuracy, the minimum values given in Section 5.2.3 should be adhered to.
The current output can’t go inside the dead zone.
The output unit is set via Fct. 1.2.4: Length Unit
This function filters possible signal fluctuations when the tank is turbulent.
1 … 100 s.
5s
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Description
1.1.6 Probe length
Minimum 100 mm
Maximum 24 000 mm
Ordered length + 100mm
Set probe length + 100mm.
This value should be modified when the probe has been replaced or shortened
(cable probes).
The output unit is set via Fct. 1.2.4 Length Unit.
With an empty tank, using the function F11
nt he “Dynamic Configuration” menu
an automatic search for the probe tip
can be carried out to update the parameter.
The value determines simultaneously:
- the minimum value of the tank height, Fct. 1.1.1
- the maximum setting range for the dead zone,
Fct. 1.1.2.
Probe length may be set greater than tank height but less than 24 000 mm for
special installations.
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Function
1.2.0 Display
1.2.4 Length unit
Input Range
1.2.5 Volume unit
Select m³, l, US Gal, ft³, bbl, m³/h, ft³/h, kg,
metric tonnes or tons US
m³
•
Select m, cm, mm, inch, nt h optional unit*
Mm
New unit (length)
1.2.5.1
Unit name
1.2.5.2
Unit fact.
4 ASCII characters
Unit
Minimum:
> 0.0
Maximum: 100 000
1.0
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Description
Unit for display of level and distance.
*When “optional unit” selected,
you get to the menu item Fct. 1.2.6: New unit and
can there define user-defined units.
The unit selected here is also valid for the following functions, if “Level” or
“Distance” is selected in Fct. 1.3.1:
Fct. 1.1.1 Tank height,
Fct. 1.1.2 Dead zone,
Fct. 1.1.6 Probe length,
Fct. 1.3.3 Scale I1 min.,
Fct. 1.3.4 Scale I1max.,
Fct. 1.5.1 Detection delay and
Fct. 1.7.2 Input table*
In addition the displayed value will use the selected unit.
Unit of displayed volume / conversion value.
Conversion means converting a level value
into a “conversion value” (usually volume) in order
e.g. to realize a non-linear function as a factor of the level.
The unit selected here is also valid for the following functions, if “Volume” selected
in Fct. 1.3.1:
Fct. 1.3.3 Scale I1 min.
Fct. 1.3.4 Scale I1 max.
Fct. 1.7.2 Input table
Appears only when “Optional unit” is selected in Fct. 1.2.4: Length unit.
Name of the new unit (max. 4 characters)
Reference for the conversion factor is the millimetre.
At a conversion factor of 10, the new unit is equivalent to 10 mm.
At a conversion factor of 0.1, the new unit is equivalent to 0.1 mm.
Function
1.3.0 Current output
Input Range
1.3.1 Current 1 item
Select Off, Level, Distance, Volume* or
Ullage volume*
Level
Select 4-20mA or
4-20mA + 22 mA on error.
4 – 20mA
1.3.2 Current 1 range
Description
Selection of the required function for the current output.
This parameter defines the status which the current output assumes nt he
event of a fault:
4-20 mA (last measured value held nt he event of a fault)
4-20 mA / E = 22 mA (is set to 22 mA nt he event of a fault).
1.3.3 Scale I1 min.
Enter a value from 0 mm** to a value lower This function defines the lower limit
than that entered for Fct. 1.3.4
of the analog measuring range.
Scale I max.
It is 4 mA.
As per order
The value of this parameter always has to be lower than the value selected for
Fct. 1.3.4: Scale I1 max..
1.3.4 Scale I1 max.
Enter value higher than the value selected This function defines the upper limit of the analog measuring range.
under Fct. 1.3.3. “Scale I min.” up to tank
It is 20 mA.
height or the maximum volume table
The value of this parameter must always be:
value***
- lower than or equal to the value selected under Fct. 1.1.1:
As per order
Tank height or the maximum volume table value,
- higher than the value selected under Fct. 1.3.3:
Scale I1 min., otherwise an error message will appear during parameter
check.
1.3.5 Error delay
Select No delay, 10 sec., 20 sec., 30 sec., This menu is only available when (4-20 mA / E = 22 mA)
1 min., 2 min., 5 min. or 15 min.
has been selected under Fct. 1.3.2: Current 1 range.
No delay
With this parameter, a time delay can be defined for transition of the current
output to 22 mA after an error has been noted.
During the delay, measurement and the analog output are held.
When the error disappears, the delay also serves to return to the measuring
mode.
• complete Fct. 1.7.2 “Input table” before selecting “volume“ or “ullage volume”
** or other unit selected in Fct. 1.2.4 Length Unit, 1.2.5 Volume Unit depending nt he item selected in Fct. 1.3.1 Current 1 Item.
*** depends on value selected in Fct. 1.3.1 Current 1 Item
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Function
1.4 User data
1.4.3 Checksum
Input Range
Read only
1.4.4 Tag number
00000 01
1.4.5 Serial number
Read only
1.4.6 French command
Read only
number
1.4.6 German command Read only
Number
Option**
(Descriptor)
1.4.9 Probe type
Single rod, Twin rod, Single cable, Single
cable + counterweight,
Single cable without counterweight, Twin
cable, Twin cable + counterweight, Coaxial,
Special 1, Special 2 or Special 3
As per order
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Description
This value is used for identification of the device software version. The
checksum is tested when starting. This helps to detect any problems with the
microcontroller.
This parameter assigns an identification number to the device. A text consisting
of maximum 8 ASCII characters can be entered.
This parameter serves to identify the respective measuring device. This number
cannot be changed and sets the address for use with HART® interfaces.
Factory-programmed number, to be quoted in case of warranty and service
claims.
Factory-programmed number, to be quoted in case of warranty and service
claims.
With this function an ASCII string with max. 15 characters lenght can be
entered. (only user information)
Information on probe type supplied with signal converter. This is a read-only
parameter.
Function
1.5.0 Application
1.5.1. Detection delay
Input Range
Minimum value: 0mm
Maximum value: Dead Zone
As per order
1.6.0 Serial I/O
1.6.2 Address
Addresses from 0 to 15
0
1.7.0 Volume table
1.7.2. Input table
Select point 01 to 20, enter level and then
volume values respectively.
0
(conversion table not created, volume
measurement not possible)
Description
This function can be used to define an area directly below the flange in which
interference reflections (e.g. from the tank nozzle) are masked. This value has
to be smaller than or equal to the dead zone (Fct. 1.1.2.).
For integrating into a signal network.
Standard hardware platform for HART® is the current loop with superposed
FSK signals.
For a multidrop application the current output is set to “OFF” and consequently
to a constant 4 mA. With a multidrop bus, up to 15 HART® devices can be
operated.
With this function, every device connected to a bus is assigned an address
between 0 and 15 (HART® protocol).
If several devices are connected to a digital bus, each device must be assigned
a unique address under which it can then be identified in the bus.
0
= Analogue output active
1 - 15 = Multi-drop mode active,
analogue output inactive
For calibrating the gauge for volume measurement.
This function is used for setting up the strapping table (level/volume). Up to 20
points can be assigned. Every new point must be larger than the preceding one.
The units of length and volume can be changed later without affecting the
settings in the table.
The units selected for length and volume in fct.s 1.2.4 and 1.2.5 will be used
here.
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5.1.3 QUICK CONFIGURATION: CONFIGURATION EXAMPLES
The minimum functions (fct.) to be configured for a simple measurement are listed below:
Definition
Functions
PCSTAR 2
HART®
1.1.1
2.1.1.1
Tank Height
1.1.2
2.1.1.4
Dead zone
1.3.1 … 4
2.1.3.1 … 4
Current Output
1.7.0
2.1.7.0
Volume table*
*For volume measurements
Example procedures for each set of functions are given on the following pages. Each procedure is given in a series of steps in table form and is according to the
PCSTAR 2 F2-Configuration parameter list. Please refer to section 3.3.4 for the equivalent parameters available on the HART® Communicator.
Definitions for quick configuration
where PCSTAR 2 Fct. 1.3.1 (HART®
Fct. 2.1.3.1) Current I1 Item is
configured to “Level”
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Typical gauge used for quick configuration examples:
Probe type:
twin Ø4 mm or 0.15” cable probe
Product measured:
Water (dielectric constant, εr = 80)
Tank height: (PCSTAR 2: Fct. 1.1.1, HART®: Fct. 2.1.1.1)
10000 mm
Dead zone (PCSTAR 2: Fct. 1.1.2, HART®: Fct. 2.1.1.4)
(see “ Technical data of the probes”)
Probe length L2 (PCSTAR 2: Fct. 1.1.6HART®: Fct. 2.1.1.2)
9000 mm (do not modify unless advised to)
Tank height: configuration of user menu PCSTAR 2 function 1.1.1 (HART® Fct. 2.1.1.1)
This function is usually either defined as true tank height or as factory configured probe length, L2 if the former is not supplied by the customer in the order.
Why change the tank height?
Setting the distance in PCSTAR 2 Fct 1.1.1 (HART® Fct. 2.1.1.1) to L2 avoids having a non-measurable zone underneath the probe where the measurement on the
display freezes.
When setting up a measurement scale as explained on the following pages, this means that
the level at the end of the probe will be taken as zero instead of the tank bottom.
How tank height affects measurement when either Level or Distance is measured
1
Tank height
2
Measurable height (factory configured probe length, L2)
3
Non-measurable zone
4
With true tank height (1) set in Function 1.1.1 of the User’s menu
5
With factory-configured probe length, L2, set in Function 1.1.1 of the
configuration menu.
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Example procedure 1 (using PCSTAR 2):
to change true tank height (10000mm or 33 ft) to factory configured probe length, L2 (9000mm or 29½ ft) , and
then save the new parameter. Refer to item 5 in the diagram above.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
Action
Press F2 to connect to the device
Press F2 to enter configuration menu
Click on the data set field for Fct. 1.1.1 Tank height
Type in the new value
Press the button “F6-Send to MicroTrek” for the MicroTREK 2-wire to
immediately accept the new value.
Press “F3-Exit” to quit the configuration menu.
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Data entered / value set
Tank status screen displayed (level reads 6750 mm)
Configuration menu displayed
This field currently reads 10000 (mm)
9000
n/a
Tank status screen displayed (level now reads 5750 mm)
Dead zone: configuration of user menu PCSTAR 2 function 1.1.2 (HART® Fct. 2.1.1.4)
The top dead zone is the minimum measuring distance between the gauge flange facing (the reference point) and the product. The various probes for the MicroTREK
2-wire have differing top dead zones and these are given in section 5.2.3: Probe measurement limits.
Why is configuration of the dead zone important?
The gauge will not display measurements taken here - the reading is blocked on reaching this zone.
This will avoid the gauge confusing the true level with a parasite (i.e. flange) as the product nears the tank fitting and thereby displaying a false reading. It should be
noted that although the reading is frozen, the gauge will continue to follow the reflection. The PCSTAR 2 F8-marker menu will display “Tank full” in this zone.
What is the difference between these functions:
PCSTAR 2 Fct 1.1.2/ HART® Fct. 2.1.1.4: Dead zone
PCSTAR 2 Fct 1.5.1/ HART® Fct. 2.1.5.3: Detection delay?
The “detection delay” function masks all signals (i.e. none are detected by the gauge) up to a defined distance from the flange facing. The detection delay zone size is
never greater than the dead zone size.
The PCSTAR 2 F8-marker menu will display “Tank full” and “Level lost” in this zone.
This is illustrated below – the value in the box is the displayed value:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
*(3)
Height of tank fitting
Detection delay (Fct.1.5.1=120 mm)
Dead zone limit (Fct.1.1.2=150 mm)
Emitted signal
Flange reflection (masked)
Masked zone (all signals here are ignored)
Level reflection outside dead zone – true level displayed
Level reflection inside dead zone – level at dead zone limit displayed
(frozen)
Level reflection inside detection delay zone – not detected by gauge
and level at dead zone limit displayed (frozen)
= 985 mm Dead zone configured limit in terms of level
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How to set an analogue current output scale
User menu functions 1.3.1 to 1.3.4
This set of functions allows users to set up a scale. The minimum (4mA) and maximum (20mA) values of an analogue current output should ideally lie within the
device’s active measuring zone, as the device will freeze when the signal is lost.
Refer to the measurement limits table for each probe type in the introduction. Refer also to the start of section 3.3.3 for the advantages of changing tank height.
Example procedure 2 (using PCSTAR 2):
To personalise a measurement scale
select “Level” as the current output parameter for the scale to be set up from the tank bottom
select 4 … 20 mA current range with an error output at 22 mA; choose suitable minimum and maximum values for the scale.
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Action
Press F2 to connect to the device
Press F2 to enter configuration menu
Scroll down the screen and click on the data set field for Fct. 1.3.1: Current 1
item. This will reveal a scroll menu.
Use mouse to scroll down data set field. Click on the new value.
Scroll down to Fct. 1.3.2: Current 1 range and click on data set field. This will
reveal a scroll menu.
Use mouse to scroll down data set field. Click on the new value.
Scroll down to Fct. 1.3.3: Scale I1 min and click on data set field.
Enter the new value. This will give the level that corresponds to the minimum
output of 4 mA.
Scroll down to Fct. 1.3.4: Scale I1 max and click on data set field.
Data entered / value set
Tank status screen displayed (level reads 5650 mm)
Configuration menu displayed
This field currently reads “distance”
This field now reads “level”
This field currently reads “4-20 mA”
This field now reads “4-20 mA / E = 22 mA”
This field currently reads “0000 mm”
This field now reads “1000 mm”
This field currently reads “6000 mm”
(std. default: 6000 mm)
Change to 9850 mm. This will give the level that corresponds to the maximum This field now reads “8850 mm”
output of 20 mA.
(and sets max. output at the top dead zone limit)
Press F6-Send to MicroTrek to immediately update the device configuration.
n/a
Press F3-Exit to quit the configuration menu screen.
Tank status screen displayed (level reads 5650 mm)
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Setting up a volume table - (User menu PCSTAR 2 function 1.7.2 (HART® submenu 2.1.7))
To be able to measure the volume, a conversion table (strapping table) will need to be created using the PCSTAR 2 program or the HART® communicator.
The strapping table assigns defined volumes to the various levels.
In the case of non-symmetrical tanks, e.g. tanks with dished bottom, the accuracy of volumetric measurement will depend on the number of entered “level/volume
pairs”. The maximum number of pairs (points) that can be set is 20.
The volume is linearly determined (interpolated) between 2 points.
The conversion table is generally used for volume, but can also be used for mass and flow.
Five points have been set in the following example.
Example procedure 3: creating a strap table by assigning a volume to a user-defined level (using PCSTAR 2)
Step
Action
Data entered/value selected
1
Connect to the gauge as described in section 3.3.1.
n/a
2
Press function key F2 or left click on F2-connection at the bottom of the window. This will open the user
n/a
configuration menu.
3
Go to user function 1.1.1: Tank height to enter value
6.00 m
(click on field and type in value)
4
Go to user function 1.1.2: Dead zone to enter blocking distance value.
0.40 m
5
Go to user function 1.1.6: Probe length to enter value
5.80 m
6
Go to user function 1.2.4: Length Unit to select length units.
m or ft
7
Go to user function 1.2.5: Volume unit to select volume units
m³ or ft³
8
Go to user function 1.7.2: Input table. A maximum of 20 points can be entered. For each point a level and a volume See table below
must be entered. Each point should have a value higher than preceding one.
Input table
Point
Level
Volume
1
0.0 m
0.0 m³
2
0.20 m
0.5 m³
3
0.75 m
1.0 m³
4
1.00 m
1.5 m³ * Max. level = tank height – dead zone = 6000 mm – 400 mm or 19.69 ft – 1.31 ft
5
5.60 m 16.8 m³ = 5600 mm or 18.37 ft, equivalent to a volume of 16.80 m³ or 593.3 ft³
Note:
The level can effectively be measured between 200 mm or 8” and 5600 mm or 18½ ft. When the product level drops below the tip of the probe, the MicroTREK 2-wire
will indicate that there is still remains of 200 mm or 8”. Accordingly, the MicroTREK 2-wire can only indicate a level between 200 mm or 8” and 5600 mm or 18½ ft,
since it only measures along the probes. The size of the dead zone depends on the installation and on the probe type.
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Supplementary procedure for setting the 4 … 20 mA current to output volume readings (using PCSTAR 2)
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
Action
Go to user function 1.3.1 ”Current 1 item” to select measurement function.
Go to user function 1.3.2 ”Current 1 range” to set fault status
Go to user function 1.3.3 “Scale I1 min” to enter volume value for the minimum output (4 mA)
Go to user function 1.3.3 “Scale I1 max” to enter volume value for the maximum output (20 mA)
Either save the new configuration to disk by left-clicking on
F5-Save to disk and download it onto the MicroTREK 2-wire using the F6-Send to MicroTrek key.
Press F3 to exit the configuration menu.
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Data entered/value selected
Volume
4 … 20 mA
0.50 m³
16.80 m³
n/a
n/a
5.2 PROGRAMMING WITH SAP-300 DISPLAY UNIT
The main parameters of the Microtrek can be also set using the SAP-300 display unit.
The default display shows the primary measured value (which the output current is calculated from).
Besides the numerical display there is a bargraph on the right showing the value of the current output.
Programming is hepled by a text-based menu. Navigation in the menu can be done with E / / /
buttons.
5.2.1 SAP-300 DISPLAY UNIT
Display
64x128 Dot-matrix LCD,
glyphs, units and bargraph
Ambient temperature
– 20°C…+60°C
Housing material
PBT fiberglass, plastic (DuPont®)
SAP-300 is a plug-in LCD display and programming module.
Warning!
The display of the SAP-300 is based on LCD technology,
do not expose the SAP-300 to continuous direct sunlight
to avoid display damage.
If MicroTREK is not equipped with a sunshade and ambient temperature
exceeds the operating temperature of SAP-300 do not leave the SAP-300
in the instrument!
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5.2.2 MICROTREK’S BEHAVIOUR IN MANUAL PROGRAMMING MODE
After power-up MicroTREK shows the measured value on the SAP display.
REMOTE MODE:
If the instrument senses external HART communication it changes its display mode and shows a "REMOTE MODE" message in the bottom of the display. In this
mode the measured values are refreshed according to the queries of the external HART master.
If the HART master does not refresh the display will show the last measured values.
In the absence of SAP-300 the COM LED indicates the HART communication.
If HART communication stops the COM LED turns off after 120 sec.
Entering the menu can be done by pressing the E button. Scrolling the menu can be done by pressing
Enter into selected menu point with E button. Exit to the previous menu with button.
The buttons work only in presence of SAP-300 module.
and
buttons.
When leaving the MicroTREK in (programming) menu after 30 minutes the instrument automatically returns to measuring mode.
If SAP-300 is removed the instrument instantly returns to measuring mode.
Because manual programming (with SAP-300) and remote programming (with external HART master, Multicont or PCSTAR2 software) cannot be performed at the
same time (as both of them act like a HART master) only one programming mode has priority and this is manual programming.
During manual programming the instrument sends the "BUSY" response to the external HART master device. (HART response code 32 - Device is busy)
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5.2.3 MANUAL PROGRAMMING
The menu structure is similar to the PCStar2 parameter
structure.
Main menu
BASIC SETUP
Sub-menu
PCSTAR 2 param. ID
TANK HEIGHT
DEAD ZONE
CLOSE-END BLOCKING
DAMPING TIME
PROBE LENGTH
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.5.1
1.1.3
1.1.6
CURRENT MODE
FAILURE CURRENT
CURRENT MIN
CURRENT MAX
ERROR DELAY
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.3.5
OUTPUT SETUP
APPLICATION
APPLICATION TYPE
Changing parameters can be done by selecting a sub-menu and pressing
Text-based list:
Numerical field:
E
button in two ways:
Navigation is the same as in menu lists.
Accept changes with E button, cancel changes (and exit) with
button.
Serves for editing a numeric value.
Editing is helped by a cursor (inverted character).
Change the value of the selected digit with / buttons
(there is no under-, and overflow between the characters).
Selecting a digit can be done using the button.
Accept changes with E button.
After accepting the parameter change the Microtrek checks the parameter and downloads it.
If parameter is incorrect the CHECK/WRITE FAILED! message appears.
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5.3 PROGRAMMING WITH HART® HANDHELD (HHC) COMMUNICATOR
Display and configuration can also be carried out with a HART® communicator...
Communicator layout
1 Two-pin jack for loop connectors
2 LCD
3 Function keys (F1 … F4)
4 Action keys
UP
On/off
n/a
Arrow
LEFT
DOWN
RIGHT
Arrow
Arrow
Arrow
Other functions: LEFT Arrow: Previous menu key
RIGHT Arrow: Select key
Wiring, standard (non-Ex)
Caution: Refer to the HHC manual for wiring instructions when in an explosive atmosphere.
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Displaying readings
Use the UP and DOWN arrows to move to the correct line and then select with the RIGHT Arrow.
1
HART Communicator
1
Offline
2 →
Online
3
Frequency Device
4
Utility
F1
F2
F3
Main menu
2
F4
3
F1
4
<Process Var.>
1 →
<Measurements>
2
<Input/Outputs>
F1
SAVE
HOME
F2
F3
F4
Measurement & input & output functions menu
Online
1 →
2
3
4
5
<Process Var.>
<Config./Test>
<Access/Rights>
<Watch status>
<HART Variables>
SAVE
F2
F3
Online menu
F4
♥
<Measurements>
1 →
Lvl 878.00 mm
2
Dist 121.00 mm
HELP
F1
SAVE
HOME
F2
F3
Measurement display function
F4
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Configuration: summary of user functions via HART® Communicator HC 275 (Version 1.00)
Reset default values are in bold type in the “Input Range” column.
Refer to the HART® HC275 Communicator operating instructions for further operating details.
Function (Fct.)
Input Range
Description
1.0
PROCESS VAR.
1.1.0
MEASUREMENTS
1.1.1
LEVEL
Level value
1.1.2
DISTANCE
Distance value
1.1.3
VOLUME
Volume value if a strapping table is programmed
1.1.4
ULLAGE VOLUME
Ullage Volume value if a strapping table is programmed
1.2.0
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
INPUTS/OUTPUTS
FUNCTION I
I
%
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Function associated to the current output (Primary Variable).
Current output value (mA)
Percentage of PV range
Function (Fct.)
Input Range
2.0
CONFIG./TEST
2.1.0
OPERATION
2.1.1.0 BASIS PARAMETER
2.1.1.1 TANK HEIGHT
Enter probe length to 60000 mm or 2362”
As per order
2.1.1.2
PROBE LENGTH
2.1.1.3
TIME CONSTANT
2.1.1.4
DEAD ZONE
Warning : Critical Parameter
2.1.1.5 SENSOR INFO
2.1.1.5.1 Sensor upper limit
2.1.1.5.2 Sensor lower limit
2.1.1.5.3 Sensor min. span
2.1.2.0 DISPLAY
Description
Tank height.
The tank height is defined as the distance between the bottom of
the tank and the lower flange surface.
Enter 0 mm to tank height but < 24000 mm or 1063” This value has to be equal to the exact length of the probe. The
only situation for changing this value is if the probe length has
been changed.
As per order
Enter to 100 seconds
The time constant allows filtering of possible signal fluctuations
when the product surface is turbulent.
5 sec.
Enter a value
Measurements near the flange may not be precise or reliable.
Fct.1.5.1(Detection delay) … probe length.
Measurement may not be precise in an area less than this
recommended value, depending on the probe type.
See „Minimal measuring distance”
Technical data of the probes
= Probe length
=0
= 1 mm
Read only Menu. Upper sensor limit
Read only Menu. Lower sensor limit
Read only Menu. Sensor minimum span.
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Function (Fct.)
2.1.2.1 LENGTH
2.1.2.1.1 LENGTH UNIT
Input Range
Description
Select m, cm, mm, inch, Ft, optional unit
mm
2.1.2.1.2 DISPLAY FORMAT
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, exponential format, auto
Length unit of displayed value
(level / distance).
The optional unit allows the user to define a new unit (name and
factor) see menu 2.1.2.1.3
Number of decimal places.
Defines the displayed length values format (option of the HART®
communicator H275).
2
2.1.2.1.3.0 DEFINE NEW UNIT
2.1.2.1.3.1 UNIT NAME
4 ASCII characters
Optional unit name. User has to enter the unit name before using it
in the menu “LENGTH UNIT”.
“UNIT”
2.1.2.1.3.2 UNIT FACTOR
Enter 0.0 to 100000
1.0
2.1.2.2.0 VOLUME
2.1.2.2.1 VOLUME UNIT
2.1.2.2.2 DISPLAY FORMAT
Select m3, l, US Gal, Ft3, bbl, M3/h, Ft3/h, kg,
Metric Tons, US Tons
m³
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, exponential format, auto
2
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Optional unit factor. User has to enter the Unit Factor before using
it in the menu “LENGTH UNIT”.
With a factor 1.0, the unit is equivalent to one millimeter.
With a factor 1000.0, the unit is equivalent to one meter.
Unit for conversion values
("volume table").
The selected unit is only used to display the conversion value from
the strapping table.
Number of decimal places. Defines the displayed volume value
format. (Option of the HART® communicator H275).
Function (Fct.)
Input Range
2.1.3.0 ANALOG OUTPUT
2.1.3.1 FUNCTION I
Select Level, Distance, Volume, Ullage
Volume
Level
Description
2.1.3.2
Current output range 4 … 20 mA
(1st choice). When the MicroTREK 2-wire is in error mode, the current
output is frozen except if the second choice is selected and then the current
output is fixed at 22 mA.
This menu is available in case
the range I menu is set to 4-20 mA with error 22 mA.
This parameter sets the delay before the current output goes to 22 mA after
the error mode occurred.
RANGE I
Select 4-20 mA or 4-20 mA + 22 mA if error
4 - 20 mA
2.1.3.3
ERROR DELAY
Select No delay, 10 s, 20 s, 30 s, 1 min, 2
min, 5 min, 15 min
No delay
2.1.3.4
SCALE I
min. 4 mA
Enter 0 to Scale I max
Current output function (measured value to be displayed). Volume functions
will appear if a volume table exists in menu 2.1.7.0
Input the lower range value (corresponding to 4 mA) depending of the
parameter 2.1.3.1 chosen.
As per order
2.1.3.5
SCALE I
max. 20 mA
Enter Scale I min to tank height
As per order
Input the upper range value (corresponding to 20 mA) depending of the
parameter 2.1.3.1 chosen.
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Function (Fct.)
2.1.4.0 USER DATA
2.1.4.1 TAG
Input Range
Description
00000 01
Tag number of device
2.1.4.2
SERIAL NUMBER
Read only menu. Each device has its own serial number
2.1.4.3
2.1.4.5
FRENCH
COMMISSION
NUMBER
GERMAN
COMMISSION
NUMBER
RELEASE NUMBER
2.1.4.5
PROBE TYPE
Read only menu.
This number is factory set.
Refer to this number in case of warranty or service claims.
Read only menu.
This number is factory set.
Refer to this number in case of warranty or service claims.
Read only menu.
Release number of the device (Software and Hardware version).
Read only menu.
Probe type attached to the flange.
2.1.4.5
CHECKSUM
2.1.4.4
Rod, Twin Rod, Cable, Cable +counterweight, Cable
without counterweight, Twin Cable,
Twin Cable + counterweight, Coax, Special 1, Special
2, Special 3
As per order
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Read Only menu.
Similar to the release number.
This parameter allows to identify the software version of device.
Function (Fct.)
2.1.5.0
APPLICATION
2.1.5.1.0 THRESHOLD
2.1.5.1.1 LEV. PULSE AMP.
Input Range
Description
Read only value.
2.1.5.1.2 LEV. PULSE GAIN
Read only value.
2.1.5.1. THRESHOLD
Enter a value from 50mV to
25000mV
500 mV G3 at 1000 mm
Dynamic value.
Amplitude of level pulse in millivolts.
Dynamic value.
Amplification of level pulse (gain 0, 1, 2, or 3).
Threshold of the level pulse (in millivolts). The threshold evolves in terms of
gain amplification factor changing by the electronic converter.
2.1.5.2
DISTANCE INPUT
Enter a value from Fct. 2.1.1.4:
Dead zone to fct. 2.1.1.2: Probe
length
This function forces the MicroTREK 2-wire to search for the product surface in
a zone other than the actual measuring zone. If there is no level signal, you
can enter an estimated value.
2.1.5.3
DETECTION DELAY
Enter a value 0mm or 0in to Fct.
2.1.1.4: Dead zone
As per order
This function forces the instrument not to analyse reflections in a zone directly
below the flange.
The entered value of the detection delay must be smaller than the "dead
zone" value.
2.1.5.4
SEARCH PROBE END
Measured in the units configured
in fct. 2.1.2.1.1
2.1.5.5
2.1.6.0
2.1.6.1
RESET MicroTREK 2-wire
SERIAL I/O
ADDRESS
Measures automatically the probe length.
The tank must be empty and the tank height must be configured to a value
greater than estimated probe length for this to be done correctly.
Restarts the MicroTREK 2-wire.
Enter 0 to 15
Sets the address of the device when this latter is connected on a HART
Multidrop networks.
The current output drifts to 4 mA.
0 = 4 … 20 mA output current active
1 – 15 = in multidrop mode
0
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2.1.7.0
2.1.7.1
STRAP TABLE
VOLUME UNIT
2.1.7.2
INPUT TABLE
2.1.7.3
DELETE TABLE
Function (Fct.)
2.2.0
TESTS
2.2.1
TEST OUTPUT
Select m3, l, US Gal, Ft3, bbl,
M3/h, Ft3/h, kg,
Metric Tons, US Tons
Liter [l]
0 to 20 points
0
(i.e. no volume table)
Unit for conversion values ("volume table").
The selected unit is used to define the strapping table values.
This function defines the strapping table.
The maximum number of points is 20.
Each subsequent value must be greater than the previous one.
The length and volume units can be changed later without affecting the settings in the
table. Calculations are done automatically in the instrument.
This function deletes the strapping table.
Input Range
Description
Select 4 mA, 12mA, 20 mA, Other
This function allows the current output to be tested.
The output can be set to one of the listed values.
With a reference ammeter, the calibration of the current output can be verified.
Restricted access factory configuration menu. These parameters may be
accessed via Fct. 3.2 “Specialist PSW (password).
Yes or No.
Enter 9-character code if “Yes”.
No
2.3.0
SERVICE
3.0
3.1
ACCESS RIGHTS
MAINTENANCE
PSW
3.2
SPECIALIST PSW
Disables the access lock on the configuration menu.
The password must contain exactly 9 characters.
E, R or U are used only. The password is displayed in a scrambled format.
It allows NIVELCO to decode the password in case it was forgotten.
See NIVELCO Service centre or MicroTREK 2-wire Service Manual for code.
4.0
WATCH STATUS
This function displays the status of the device.
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Function (Fct.)
5.0
HART® VARIABLES
5.1
MANUFACTURER
Input Range
Description
Read only menu
NIVELCO
5.2
MODEL
Read only menu
5.3
FLD DEV REV
Field device revision.
Read only menu
1.0
5.4
SOFTWARE REV
1.0
5.5
HARDWARE REV
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
DEVICE ID
MESSAGE
DESCRIPTOR
DATE
NUM RESP PREAM
TAG
POLL ADDRESS
1.0
Software revision.
Read only menu
Hardware revision.
Read only menu.
Read only menu. The device ID is also the serial number of the device.
32 bytes of ASCII characters
16 bytes of ASCII characters
Month Day Year (xx / xx / xx).
Number of preamble in the response frame of the device
Tag name of the MicroTREK 2-wire
Address of the device.
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5.3.1 CHARACTERS AVAILABLE FOR ALPHA-NUMERICAL DATA FUNCTIONS IN PCSTAR2 AND ON THE HART® CONSOLE
PCSTAR2
HART® console (HHC)
@
H
P
A
I
Q
B
J
R
C
K
S
D
L
T
E
M
U
F
N
V
G
O
W
Fct. 12.6.1: Unit name, Fct. 1.4.4: Device number, Fct. 1.4.8: Option
Fct. 5.7 Message, Fct. 5.8 Descriptor, Fct. 5.11 Tag
X
Space
(
0
8
Y
!
)
1
9
Z
“
*
2
:
[
#
+
3
;
\
$
‘
4
<
]
%
5
=
^
&
.
6
>
_
‘
/
7
?
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5.4 MICROTREK 2-WIRE T.D.R. METER CHARACTERISTICS
This subsection explains:
the four principle configurations for setting up a measurement scale and what the user should be aware of in each case;
what happens when the tank is full or empty;
what is the level threshold and how to modify it and
what happens when level is measured when more than one product in the tank;
The measurement scale:
five possible configurations for analogue current output – with “Level” selected in PCSTAR 2 function 1.3.1 : Current 1 Item
A
Tank height (Fct. 1.1.1)
B
Probe length (Fct. 1.1.6)
C
Detection delay (Fct. 1.5.1)
D
Non-measurable zone
E
Minimum distance between nonmeasurable zone and dead zone
(Fct.: 1.1.2 – Fct.: 1.5.1)
F
Upper dead zone (Fct. 1.1.2)
G
Measuring range
H
Reference point at tank bottom
(Fct.: 1.3.1 = Level)
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The configurations described below are illustrated in the above diagram
(1) The “current output” range is smaller than the max. possible measuring range
(2)
The “current output” range is equal to the measuring range:
Scale min.: 4 mA (Fct. 1.3.3) = tank height – probe length + H
Scale max.: 20 mA (Fct. 1.3.4) = tank height – dead zone
(3)
The “current output” range is greater than the measuring range:
Scale min.: 4 mA (Fct. 1.3.3) = 0.0
Scale max.: 20 mA (Fct. 1.3.4) = tank height – dead zone
(4)
The “current output” range is greater than the measuring range:
Scale min.: 4 mA (Fct. 1.3.3) = tank height – probe length + H
Scale max.: 20 mA (Fct. 1.3.4) = tank height
(5)
The “current output” range is greater than the measuring range:
Scale min.: 4 mA (Fct. 1.3.3) = 0.0
Scale max.: 20 mA (Fct. 1.3.4) = tank height
NOTE: The reference point for distance measurements is the bottom of the flange face.
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5.4.1 GAUGE OPERATING LOGIC WHEN THE REFLECTION IS LOST
The product reflection pulse is usually lost when the level is in the top dead zone or near the bottom of the tank.
The diagram below shows the action taken by the gauge depending on where the last reflection was lost.
Use PCSTAR 2 - F8-Marker display function to follow the measurement status of the gauge.
Zone 1 : Dead and detection delay zones
Marker “Tank full” and “Level lost” is displayed when
the product enters the dead zone and no reflection is found.
This will also occur once the level reflection is within the detection delay zone.
The gauge assumes the tank is full and displays the maximum level value.
The gauge searches for a reflection along the entire length of the probe.
Zone 2 : Full zone (and dead zone)
Marker “Tank full” is displayed in this zone.
If the gauge loses the signal in this zone,
it reacts as in zone 1: the tank is assumed to be full.
The gauge searches for a reflection along the length of the probe.
Zone 3 : Central measurement zone
The gauge searches along the length of the probe for
the largest pulse reflection.
If the pulse is lost the reading freezes at the last value.
Marker “Level lost” will be displayed.
Zone 4 : Empty zone
If the reflection is lost here then the gauge assumes the tank is empty and marker “tank empty” is
displayed.
The gauge searches for a reflection in this zone but makes a search along the entire length of the
probe once every minute.
The reading will remain frozen during this time.
The short circuit reflection will become larger than product reflection at this time.
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5.4.2 GAIN AND VOLTAGE AMPLITUDE
As explained in the measuring principle in the introduction, the level of a product is converted from a return signal (the product reflection) received by the gauge: this
signal has taken a certain amount of time to return to the gauge and it has a certain strength / size measured in milli-volts (dependant on the dielectric constant εr of
the product).
All pulse signals returning to the gauge electronics block (including flange, obstruction and the product surface reflections) are converted to voltage amplitudes. The
gauge’s microprocessor looks for part of the largest signal that is over a set voltage amplitude, called the “threshold”, and identifies this as the product being
measured. For this signal to be usable by the gauge, the microprocessor will amplify the signal by increasing the gain. Once the signal is within a set “working” range,
the gauge follows this signal. The gauge registers any changes in time for this part of the signal to return to the converter and translate this into a displayed level or
volume.
Gain is a function of voltage amplitude.
This defines the default threshold value when the gauge is searching for the product level.
A strong return signal will be given a low gain (i.e. Gain 0 or a small amplification).
However, if the signal is very weak, then a Gain of 3 (i.e. high signal amplification) is given.
Example of signal amplification:
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Level measurement: Level pulse amplitude and threshold
After connection to a power supply, the MicroTREK 2-wire will:
1. Measure reflection pulses in terms of voltage amplitude by cycling through a set of gains.
2. Identify the highest amplitude as being the product level.
This screenshot of the PCSTAR 2 F7-Oscilloscope function while measuring a typical one product application identifies:
1 Initial pulse
2 Flange reflection (except coaxial probe)
3
Non-product reflection (e.g. parasite: agitator)
4
Product level reflection
5
6
Level threshold (with two-metre steps).
Set in F11-Dynamic configuration menu
Offset
7
Distance measured as a function of time
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The level signal can be optimized by way of two factors:
Amplification factor
The amplitude of the signals is proportional to the dielectric constant εr of the product. At low amplitudes the signal should be amplified.
The amplification factor is dependent on the dielectric constant εr and on the probe type. The device sets the gain automatically.
The following factors apply to the set gain:
Gain
0
1
2
3
Amplification factor
1.05
2.10
4.37
8.93
Level threshold
The level threshold suppresses interference signals so that only the reflections from the product surface (level signal) are shown. The factory setting of the level
threshold is suitable for standard applications.
The threshold will need to be adjusted in the case of very low dielectric constants εr,
multiple interference reflections or unfavourable installation conditions.
The illustrations below show interference signals when the oscilloscope function is used.
These reflections can be due to various causes, e.g. tank internals or multiple reflections within the measuring range.
Even though the interference signals are very weak, the threshold should nevertheless
be set to a value above these signals.
1 Initial pulse
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2
Flange reflection
3
Level signal
4
Interference signal
1
Initial pulse
2
Flange reflection
3
Level signal
4
Interference signal
5
Threshold
In the diagram above it can be seen that the level of the threshold is not constant:
400 mV at 1000 mm or 3.3 ft, and only 250 mV at 10000 mm or 33 ft. No attenuation is required at a probe length ≤ 3000 mm or 10 ft.
The form of the threshold is dependent on attenuation and is automatically adjusted by the device over the measured length.
Setting the level threshold
If the level threshold is set too high, i.e. it is greater than the amplitude of the level reflection,
the device will not find any level even with maximum amplification.
If the level threshold is set too low, i.e. it is below the amplitude of some of the interference signals,
the device will identify and indicate one of these interference signals as a level reflection only if the tank is empty.
Precise setting of the level threshold is especially important when the dielectric constant εr is low.
To set, the level (amplitude of the reflection) must be known. A level of 500 mm or 20” is ideal.
The level threshold should be half-way between the invalid interference signals and the level reflection signal.
The reflection from the probe tip, which is clearly identifiable at a low εr value, does not need to lie below the level threshold.
Take a look at all the reflections over the entire probe length and then change the level threshold and/or the amplification factor in the “Dynamic configuration (F11)”
menu.
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5.4.3 TYPICAL SIGNAL TRENDS
The following diagrams show characteristic signals that have been recorded with the oscilloscope function.
Rod or cable probe with gain 1
Rod or cable probe with gain 2
Coaxial probe with gain 1
Coaxial probe with gain 2
The signal from coaxial probes does not include the flange reflection,
due to the mechanical setup which does not produce any change in impedance at the flange.
The amplitude of reflection from the product surface increases as the level rises and decreases as the level falls
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5.4.4 AUTOMATIC ADJUSTMENT
To maintain a sufficiently strong reflection signal, the gain is adjusted automatically.
When the amplitude of the level reflection decreases, the gain will increase to compensate for the loss in signal amplitude. Gain and level threshold thus
maintain the same proportion.
At gain 3, the level signal
1 is located between a distance of 2000 and 4000 mm or 6.5 and 13 feet.
2
is the level threshold. This is shown below:
The amplification factor is 3
The level has dropped, increasing the distance between level and flange.
1
is located over 4000 mm or 13 feet.
2
threshold
3
interference signals
The interference signals are now below the level threshold (2), whose lower
limit is 50 mV.
As in the diagram above, the amplification factor is 3.
In both cases, the automatically adjusted gain of the threshold indicates all
signals located above one-half of the amplitude of the level signal.
In the event of operational or installation faults, you can frequently identify the cause of the fault by means of this function and normally eliminate it yourself.
Should the fault persist, please send a copy of the screen (screen shots with F10) to your NIVELCO Service Centre.
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Procedure (example where the level measured is too low compared to true level):
read off displayed peak amplitude using the oscilloscope function – F7 modify level threshold value
Step
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Action
Execute PCSTAR 2. Press F2 to connect to gauge.
Press F11 to open F11-Dynamic configuration window.
The top of the window gives the distance, peak amplitude in volts and gain.
The configured level threshold is listed under peak amplitude in mV.
Click on the “Modify” box to activate the “Threshold” field.
Click on the ”Threshold” field and enter the new value.
If the approximate level is known, click on the “Distance” field and then click on the “Search” button
If the value is still too low, try reducing threshold again by small amounts.
If this does not resolve the problem, contact the NIVELCO Service Centre.
Data entered/ value
displayed
n/a
n/a
21000 mm;1500 mV;Gain 2
n/a
1100 mV
19000 mm
n/a
Note that the threshold drops every 2000 mm or 6.5 feet.
Solid application notes
Most dry solid applications except powder or flakes with high dielectric constants εr, such as coal powder, are measured with a Gain of 3. If it is difficult to measure
level at a certain point with the gauge using a Gain from 0 to 2, then an internal tank structure (exposed girder, etc.) is most likely to be within the electromagnetic
pulse field area: the gauge will detect the largest signal and assume this is the product level.
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5.4.5 LEVEL MEASUREMENT WHEN MORE THAN ONE PHASE OR LAYER IN THE TANK
Level can be measured with more than one phase in the tank.
This requires setting a parameter in the factory menu (Fct. 1.1.3: Application Type) to the following measurement mode:
2 liquids, 1 level
1 liquid, 1 level
for measuring level with two or more phases
for measuring one phase or liquid
Characteristics
The level of the top product can be detected
if it has a minimum layer of approximately 100 mm - when measuring a top product with a dielectric constant of εr =2.4.
The mode “2 liquids, 1 level” permits level to be measured even when more than 2 liquids are present in the tank. The first return signal is identified as being level and
the second is ignored.
This mode may be used with all probe types
Example application 1:
level measurement of oil (1 liquid in the tank)
With Factory Menu Fct. 1.1.3:
Application Type set to 1 liquid, 1 level, the MicroTREK 2-wire will search for the return
signal with the highest amplitude (i.e. higher than the threshold).
It will measure the oil level.
1
Level measurement signal
2
Threshold
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Example application 2:
level measurement when there are 2 liquids (oil/water) in the tank – using a correctly configured gauge
With Factory Menu Fct. 1.1.3:
Application Type set to 2 liquids, 1 level, the MicroTREK 2-wire will search for the first
return signal higher than the control threshold.
It will correctly measure the oil level (i.e. “level”).
1
Threshold
2
Level signal
3
Oil-water interface signal
For further information, please contact your local NIVELCO Service Centre.
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5.5 TROUBLESHOOTING
Event
Error messages
“Tank full” status marker on*,
reading frozen at max. or min.
value
“Tank empty” status marker
on*, reading frozen at max. or
min. value
“Tank full” and “Level lost”
status marker on*, reading
frozen at max. or min. value
Fault
Action
No fault. The level has reached (and possibly
risen above) the top configured measurement
limit and is either displaying the maximum
(when measuring level) or minimum (when
measuring distance) output.
No fault. The level has entered the gauge’s
bottom dead zone and can no longer detect a
return signal. Either the maximum (when
measuring distance) or minimum (when
measuring level) output is displayed.
No fault. The level has entered the gauge’s
top dead zone and can no longer detect a
return signal.
None.
Measurements should be normal once the level is in the configured
measurement range.
“Level lost” status marker on*, The instrument has lost the level signal, has
reading is frozen
searched but not yet found the return pulse.
This may occur if the pulse has dropped
below the threshold. Parasite signals from the
flange or obstructions in the tank may render
the gauge unable to identify the correct
signal.
“Reference not found” status Occurs when there is a problem with the time
marker on*
base on the HF board.
“Level lost” and
The probe has received an electrostatic
“Reference not found” status discharge.
markers on*, reading frozen
None.
Measurements should be normal once the level is in the configured
measurement range.
Empty the tank below the top measurement range limit and
check the measurement.
Ensure that tank is emptied below maximum level and
check the measurement.
If the signal is not detected then modify the control threshold manually as
shown in sections 5.4.2 using the oscilloscope (F7) and
dynamic configuration (F11) windows in PCSTAR 2.
Please contact NIVELCO.
The gauge will search for the level again and resume readings. If the
reading remains frozen then the signal converter may have been damaged
by ESD and may need replacing.
Please contact NIVELCO.
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“Flange not found” status
marker on*
“Delay out of limits” status
marker on*, reading is frozen.
“Negative voltage error”*
“VC01 voltage error” *
“VC02 voltage error” *
“Reprogramming FPGA” *
The signal converter has been
Contact NIVELCO for the corrective procedure.
incorrectly configured to measure with a
cable or rod probe when it is equipped
with a coaxial probe. This may be also
due to installation on a long nozzle which
has the effect of attenuating the flange
pulse.
The emitted pulse has not been
The signal converter may need replacing. Please contact NIVELCO.
detected.
The gauge will not work until it has been
found.
Occurs when there is a problem with the
time base on the HF board.
Please contact NIVELCO.
*Gauge connected to PCSTAR2 software or HART Handheld Controller (HHC) with Marker status window (F8) or list displayed
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Event
General operation
Instrument is not accurate
with a product that has a high
dielectric constant. A constant
offset is observed when taking
measurements.
The MicroTREK 2-wire
indicates an incorrect level
value.
Fault
Action
Tank height is not correct.
Instrument is not accurate
when there are two or more
phases in the tank.
The instrument may be incorrectly
configured for this type of application i.e.
it is measuring the interface instead of
the level.
Check current output and tank height parameters.
If the signal converter has been replaced, verify that factory calibration
parameters are still the same.
Ask NIVELCO for the factory calibration sheet (if not supplied) and the
password for access to the factory menu.
Check the tank for obstructions and verify that the probe is clean.
In the case the indicated level is close to the nozzle, increase the detection
delay and the dead zone with the same ratio or increase the threshold level if
the full measurement range is essential.
In any case use the PC STAR 2 oscilloscope function to visualise and to
analyse the application.
The threshold level must be adjusted so that it masks the disturbances. It also
gives enough margin for detection of the level pulse.
Very large pulses along the measurement signal
(same amplitude as the initial pulse) can be caused by a probe which is
touching the nozzle or the tank side (see section 1.3.5). Ensure that no contact
is possible.
Contact NIVELCO for the corrective procedure or refer to the Service Manual.
Check that Factory Menu function 1.1.3: Application Type is set to “2 liquids, 1
level”.
Check also that there is a layer of more than 100 mm of top product above the
bottom product.
The MicroTREK 2-wire measures a nonvalid reflection.
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Event
Fault
Electrical Connections and Communication Output
Current Output value < 4 mA.
No power supply
Connection of the device is
incorrect.
Reads 22 mA.
The value at the current output
does not correspond to the
value at the display
(PC STAR 2 or
HART® communicator).
Data communication via the
digital interface is not working.
The MicroTREK 2-wire is in its
start up phase, wait 50 seconds
and try again.
Action
Check the power supply
Check the connection between
the device and the power supply.
The calibration of the current output
is incorrect.
An error has occurred.
Execute the calibration if you have authorized access or contact NIVELCO
Service centre.
This happens in case the range 4-20 mA / error 22 mA is selected.
Check the status of the device by selecting the marker window (F8) or enter the
status (4.0) menu of the HART® communicator.
The device is in its start-up phase
Wait 50 seconds.
If the current value drops to a value between
4 and 20 mA, and goes immediately back to 22 mA, contact your NIVELCO
Service Centre.
Check the current loop and the connections.
Configure the output as described in Sect. 3.3.3 (user sub-menu 1.3) of the
MicroTREK 2-wire Handbook – also try adjusting the threshold using
F11-Dynamic Configuration function (PCSTAR 2) or menu 2.1.5.1.0 (HHC).
The current output settings are
incorrect.
The communication parameters of
the computer are set incorrectly.
Check computer setting (address/device number).
Bad connection to the interface.
Current output value is < 4 mA.
Current output value is = 22 mA
Check connection.
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If problem persists then contact your NIVELCO Service Centre.
5.6 APPENDIX 1 – SET-UP PARAMETERS OF MICROTREK H-400 SERIES IN MULTICONT CONTROLLER
Remote program. 90
Basic setup
Output setup
Application
Service
Basic setup
91
Length unit
Tank height
Dead zone
Close-end blocking
Damping time
Probe length
Output setup
92
Current mode
Current min.
Current max.
Failure current
Error current
Application
Threshold
97
Service
89
Service code
Application type
Epsilon R
Length unit
m
cm
mm
ft
inch
120
Error delay
None
10 sec
20 sec
30 sec
1 min
2 min
5 min
15 min
95
Current mode
93
Level
Distance
Volume
Ullage volume
Failure current
Hold
22 mA
94
Threshold
98
Ampl= 00345 mV
Dist.= 1.25 m
Pulse ampl.= 820mV
Gain= 3
Application type
1 Liq. 1 Level
2 Liq. 1 Level
94
Parameters in the Service Menu are read-only parameters. Changing of these parameters require the service code of the instrument.
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htk4014a0600p_01.doc
April, 2009
Nivelco reserves the right to change technical data without notice!
80 / 80 ♦ BKI 09 ATEX 0003X ♦ htk4014a0600p_01.doc
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