Deutz | 9929en | Technical information | Deutz 9929en Technical information

Operation Manual
C 2000
2011
1
9929en
Safety guidelines / Accident prevention
● Please read and observe the information
given in this Operation Manual. This will
enable you to avoid accidents, preserve the
manufacturer’s warranty and maintain the
engine in peak operating condition.
● This engine has been built exclusively for
the application specified in the scope of
supply, as described by the equipment manufacturer and is to be used only for the
intended purpose. Any use exceeding that
scope is considered to be contrary to the
intended purpose. The manufacturer will
not assume responsibility for any damage
resulting therefrom. The risks involved are
to be borne solely by the user.
● Use in accordance with the intended purpose also implies compliance with the conditions laid down by the manufacturer for
operation, maintenance and servicing. The
engine should only be operated by personnel trained in its use and the hazards involved.
● The relevant accident prevention guidelines
and other generally accepted safety and
industrial hygiene regulations must be observed.
● When the engine is running, there is a risk of
injury through:
- turning/hot components
- engines with positive ignition
- ignition systems (high electrical voltage)
You must avoid contact at all times!
00_GB.p65
2
● Unauthorized engine modifications will invalidate any liability claims against the manufacturer for resultant damage.
Manipulations of the injection and regulating
system may also influence the performance
of the engine, and its emissions. Adherence
to legislation on pollution cannot be guaranteed under such conditions.
● Do not change, convert or adjust the cooling
air intake area to the blower.
The manufacturer shall not be held responsible for any damage which results from
such work.
● When carrying out maintenance/repair operations on the engine, the use of DEUTZ
original parts is prescribed. These are specially designed for your engine and guarantee perfect operation.
Non-compliance results in the expiry of the
warranty!
● Maintenance and cleaning of the engine
should only be carried out when the engine
is switched off and has cooled down.
You must ensure that the electrical systems
have been switched off and the ignition key
has been removed.
Accident prevention guidelines concerning
electrical systems (e.g. VDE-0100/-0101/0104/-0105 Electrical protective measures
against dangerous touch voltage) are to be
observed.
When cleaning with fluids, all electrical components are to be covered impermeably.
04.02.2002, 14:23
Operation manual
2011
0297 9929 en
Engine Serial
Number:
Please enter the engine serial number here. This
number should be quoted when inquiring about
Customer Service, Repairs or Spare Parts (see
Section 2.1).
3
C 2000
Technical modifications required to improve our
engines are reserved with regard to specification
data and other technical information contained in
this Operation Manual. No parts of this Manual may
be reproduced in any form or by any means without
our written approval.
9929en
Foreword
Dear Customer,
Liquid-cooled Deutz engines are designed for a
large number of applications. Consequently, a wide
range of variants is offered to meet the requirements
of specific cases.
Your engine is appropriately equipped for the
installation concerned, which means that not all of
the components described in this Operation Manual are necessarily fitted to your engine.
We have endeavoured to highlight any differences
so that you will be able to locate the operating and
maintenance instructions relevant to your engine
quickly and easily.
Please read this Manual before starting your engine,
and always observe the operating and maintenance
instructions.
We are available to help with any additional inquiries
Sincerely,
DEUTZ AG
4
9929en
Contents
1.
2.
General
Engine Description
2.1
Model
2.1.1
Rating Plate
2.1.2
Position of the Rating Plate
2.1.3
Engine Serial Number
2.1.4
Cylinder Numbering
2.1.5
Fuel Delivery Lock
2.2
Engine Illustrations
2.2.1
Operation Side:
Example FL 2011
2.2.2
Exhaust Side:
Example FL 2011
2.2.3
Operation Side:
Example BF4L 2011
2.2.4
Exhaust Side:
Example BF4L 2011
2.2.5
Operation Side:
Example FM 2011
2.2.6
Exhaust Side:
Example FM 2011
2.2.7
Operation Side:
Example BFM 2011
2.2.8
Exhaust Side:
Example BFM 2011
2.3
Oil Circuit
2.3.1
Lube Oil Circuit Schematic
2.4
Fuel System Schematic
2.4.1
Fuel System
2.5
Coolant System
2.5.1
Coolant Plan
5
3.
Engine Operation
6.
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.2
3.2.1
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.5
3.5.1
3.5.2
Commissioning
Adding Engine Oil
Adding Fuel
Other Preperations
Additional Maintenance Work
Starting
Electric Starting
Monitoring Operation
Engine Oil Pressure
Engine Temperature
Shutting Off
Mechanical Shut-Off
Electric Shut-Off
Operating Conditions
Winter Operation
High Ambient Temperature, High Altitude
4.
Operating Media
6.1
Lubrication System
6.1.1
Oil Change Intervals
6.1.2
Check Oil Level, Change Engine Oil
6.1.3
Changing Oil Filter
6.1.4
Clean/Replace Oil Filter (Cup)
6.2
Fuel System
6.2.1
Replace Fuel Filter
6.2.2 Clean/Replace Fuel Filter (Cup)
6.2.3
Clean Stainer of Fuel Filter
6.2.4
Change Fuel Leakage Line
6.3
Cooling System
6.3.1
Cleaning Intervals
6.4
Combustion Air Filter
6.4.1
Cleaning Intervals
6.4.2
Emptying Cyclone-Type Precleaner
6.4.3
Dry Type Air Cleaner
6.5
Belt Drives
6.5.1
Check V-belt
6.5.2
Tensioning Alternator Belts
6.5.3
Changing Alternator Belts
6.6
Adjustments
6.6.1
Check Valve Clearance, adjust if necessary
6.6.1.1 Valve Clearance Adjustment Schematic
6.7
Accessories
6.7.1
Battery
6.7.2
Rotary Current Alternator
6.7.3
Transportation Shackles
6.8
Engine Cleaning
6.8.1
Engine Cleaning
4.1
Lube Oil
4.1.1
Quality
4.1.2
Viscosity
4.2
Fuel
4.2.1
Quality
4.2.2
Winter-Grade Fuel
5.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
Service
Service Plan
Scheduled Maintenance Plan
Maintenance Chart
Maintenance Work Completed
9929en
Service and Maintenance
Contents
7.
7.1
8.
8.1
8.1.1
8.1.2
9.
9.1
9.2
9.3
Faults, Causes and Remedies
Fault Table
Engine Preservation
Preservation
Preserving Engine
Removing Engine Preservatives
Technical Specification
Engine Specifications and Settings
Torque Wrench Settings
Tools
C 2000
10. Service
6
9929en
C 2000
7
9929en
General
DEUTZ Diesel Engines
Care and Maintenance
Service
are the product of many years of research and
development. The resulting know-how, coupled
with stringent quality standards, guarantee their
long service life, high reliability and low fuel
consumption.
It goes without saying that DEUTZ Diesel Engines
meet the highest standards for environmental
protection.
Sound care and maintenance practices will ensure
that the engine continues to meet the requirements
placed on it. Recommended service intervals must
be observed and service and maintenance work
carried out conscientiously.
Special care should be taken under abnormally
demanding operating conditions.
Please contact one of our authorized service
representatives in the event of breakdowns or for
spare parts inquiries. Our trained specialists will
carry out repairs quickly and professionally, using
only genuine spare parts.
Original parts from DEUTZ AG are always produced
in accordance with state-of-the-art technology.
Please turn to the end of this manual for further
service information.
Beware of Running Engine
Safety
1
California
Proposition 65 Warning
Shut the engine down before carrying out maintenance or repair work. Ensure that the engine cannot
be accidentally started. Risk of accidents.
When the work is complete, be sure to refit any
panels and guards that may have been removed.
Never fill the fuel tank while the engine is running.
Observe industrial safety regulations when running
the engine in an enclosed space or underground.
This symbol is used for all safety
warnings. Please follow them
carefully. The attention of operating
personnel should be drawn to these
safety instructions. General safety
and accident prevention regulations laid down by
law must also be observed.
!
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects, and other reproductive harm.
Asbestos
DEUTZ original parts are asbestosfree.
7 Gerade
9689en_K01_neu
7
30.09.1999, 15:45 Uhr
1
8
9689en_K01_neu
8
30.09.1999, 15:45 Uhr
Engine Description
2
Model
Engine Illustrations
Lube Oil Circuit Schematic
Fuel System Schematic
C 2001
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
9
9929en
Engine Description
2.1.1 Rating Plate
2
2.1 Model
2.1.2 Position of the Rating Plate
2.1.3 Engine Serial Number
C
A
B
© 26 332 2
The rating plate C is attached to the valve cover.
C 2001
The model A, the engine serial number B and the
performance data are stamped on the rating plate.
The model and engine serial number must be given
when ordering parts.
© 31 864 0
10
9929en
© 31 865 0
The engine serial number B is stamped on the
crankcase D as well as the rating plate.
Engine Description
2.1 Model
2.1.4 Cylinder Numbering
2
3
4
© 26 431 0
Cylinders are numbered consecutively, beginning
at the flywheel.
© 26 387 0
The manufacturer shall not be held liable for damages resulting from adjustments made to the regulator by the operator.
The lock screws are protected in order to prevent
this:
1. with locking paint on model:
with torque balancer
2. with plastic protective cap on model:
without torque balancer.
!
11
2
Adjustments to the regulator are to
be carried out only by authorised
DEUTZ SERVICE specialists
9929en
C 2001
1
2.1.5 Fuel Delivery Lock
Engine Description
2.2 Engine Illustration
2.2.1 Operation Side
FL 2011
2
1
21
2
20
3
19
4
5
18
17
6
16
7
C 2001
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
© 31 873 1
12
9929en
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Oil filler neck (valve-gear housing cover)
Charge-air line / air-intake line
Fan with integrated generator
Narrow V-belt
Tractive electromagnet
Wheel-house cover
V-belt pulley on crankshaft
Oil pan
Shut-off lever
Speed control lever
Oil dipstick
Oil drain plug
Crankcase
Oil fill point (on side of crankcase)
Fuel pump
Easy-change fuel filter
Connecting facility for oil heater
Lube oil replacement filter
Removable coolant intake hood
Injection pumps
Oil cooler
Engine Description
2.2 Engine Illustration
2.2.2 Exhaust Side
FL 2011
2
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
29
Date plate
Optional attachment of an SAE housing
Flywheel with ring gear
Starter
Front cover
Crankcase
Exhaust manifold
Air intake pipe
22
28
27
23
26
26
© 31 874 1
13
9929en
C 2001
24
Engine Description
2.2 Engine Illustration
2.2.3 Operation Side
Example: BF4L 2011
2
21
1
2
3
20
19
4
18
5
17
18
19
20
21
16
6
15
7
C 2001
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
© 31869 1
14
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
9929en
Oil filler neck (valve-gear housing cover)
Charge-air line / air-intake line
Fan with integrated generator
Narrow V-belt
Tractive electromagnet
Wheel-house cover
V-belt pulley on crankshaft
Oil pan
Shut-off lever
Speed control lever
Oil dipstick
Crankcase
Oil fill point (on side of crankcase)
Fuel pump
Easy-change fuel filter
Connecting facility for oil heater
Charge-pressure-dependent full-load stop
(CPD)
Lube oil replacement filter
Removable coolant intake hood
Injection pumps
Oil cooler
Engine Description
2.2 Engine Illustration
2.2.4 Exhaust Side
Example: BF4L 2011
2
32
31
22
29
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
Cylinder head
Exhaust manifold line
Flywheel with ring gear
Starter
Crankcase
Lube oil feed line to turbocharger
Lube oil return line from turbocharger
Induction pipe
Turbocharger (TC)
Intake manifold
Charge-air line
23
27
24
30
28
25
© 31 868 1
15
9929en
C 2001
26
Engine Description
2.2 Engine Illustration
2.2.5 Operation Side
FM 2011
2
21
1
20
2
19
3
18
4
17
5
6
16
15
7
C 2001
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
© 31 875 0
16
9929en
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
12
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Oil filler neck (valve-gear housing cover)
Charge-air line / air-intake line
Alternator
Narrow V-belt
Tractive electromagnet
Timing belt cover
V-belt pulley on crankshaft
Oil pan
Shut-off lever
Speed control lever
Oil dipstick
Oil drain plug
Oil fill point (on side of crankcase)
Crankcase
Fuel pump
Easy-change fuel filter
Connecting facility for oil heater
Lube oil replacement filter
Injection pump(s)
Oil cooler connection
Fuel leakage line
Injection valve(s)
Engine Description
2.2 Engine Illustration
2.2.6 Exhaust Side
FM 2011
2
22
28
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Cylinder head
Exhaust manifold
Flywheel with ring gear
Starter
Starter guard (optional)
Crankcase
Air intake pipe
23
24
27
25
© 31876 0
17
9929en
C 2001
26
Engine Description
2.2 Engine Illustration
2.2.7 Operation Side
BFM 2011
2
18
1
17
2
16
15
14
13
12
3
11
4
C 2001
10
9
8
7
6
5
© 31 861 0
18
9929en
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Air-intake pipe
Fan wheel
V-belt pulley on crankshaft
Narrow V-belt
Tractive electromagnet
Timing belt cover
Shut-off lever
Speed control lever
Oil fill point (on side of crankcase)
Oil dipstick
Fuel pump
Easy-change fuel filter
Connecting facility for oil heater
Lube oil replacement filter
Injection pump(s)
Oil cooler connection
Injection valve(s)
Fuel leakage line
Engine Description
2.2 Engine Illustration
2.2.8 Exhaust Side
BFM 2011
2
28
19
27
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Crankcase ventilation (optional)
Cylinder head cover
Exhaust manifold
SAE housing
Starter
Crankcase
Turbocharger
Generator with cover
Charge-air line
Oil filler neck
20
26
25
24
21
22
© 31 862 0
19
9929en
C 2001
23
Engine Description
2.3 Oil Circuit
2.3.1 Lube Oil Circuit Schematic
2
9 15
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
19
8 11
10
18
12
7
6
5
13
20
16
17
18
19
20
C 2001
1
14 17 18 16
2
3
4
© 31877 0
20
9929en
Oil pan
Oil-intake pipe
Oil pump
Main oil duct
Oil-cooled cylinders
Cylinder head cooling neck
Oil duct for rocker arm lubrication
Rocker arm
Oil manifold for the thermostat
Intake to external engine oil cooler
Return from external engine oil cooler
Thermostat housing with slide thermostat
Oil duct to oil filter
Oil filter
Oil duct to cam, con-rod and crankshaft bear
ings
Spray nozzle for piston cooling
Oil return via crankcase to oil pan
Lube oil intake to turbocharger
Turbocharger
Return from turbocharger to oil pan
Engine Description
2.4 Fuel System Schematic
2.4.1 Fuel System
2
11
10
9
8
12
1 Fuel line from tank to fuel pump
2 Fuel pump
3 Fuel line from fuel pump to easy-change fuel
filter
4 Easy-change fuel filter
5 Fuel line from filter to injection pump
6 Injection pump
7 Fuel distributor line
8 Injection line
9 Injection valves
10 Fuel leakage line
11 Fuel overflow pipe
12 Fuel return line to tank
7
5
1
2
3
6
© 31 863 0
21
9929en
!
The installation of a fuel pre-filter/
hand pump between the fuel tank
and the engine is prescribed to
protect the engines against dirt in
the fuel.
C 2001
4
C 2001
2
22
9929en
Engine Operation
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
23
Commissioning
Starting
Monitoring Operation
Shutting Off
Operating Conditions
9929en
Engine Operation
3
3.1 Commissioning
3.1.1 Adding Engine Oil
3.1.1.1
Initial Engine Oil Fill-Up for
B/FL 2011
● Fill oil into oil pan up to "Max." mark on engine
dipstick (for oil quantity see 9.1).
● Start engine and allow to run at low idling speed
for approx. 2 mins.
● Switch off engine.
● Check oil level, if necessary, top up oil to "Max."
mark.
OIL
3.1.1.2
Initial Engine Oil Fill-Up
B/FM 2011
● Fill oil into oil pan up to "Min." mark on engine
dipstick.
● In addition, top up oil quantity of supply hoses
and of external oil cooler (according to manufacturer’s specifications).
● Allow engine to run warm until thermostat opens
(at approx. 95°C).
● Allow engine to run for approx. 2 mins.
● Switch off engine.
● Check oil level, and if necessary, top up oil to
"Max." mark.
© 26 432 0
As a rule, engines are delivered without oil.
Pour lube oil into the oil filler neck (arrow).
For oil grade and viscosity, see 4.1.
If the person operating the engine does not run up
the engine until the thermostat opens, the oil level
may lie above the "Max." mark on the engine
dipstick when delivered. The level can then only be
assessed after the engine has been run up.
24
9929en
Engine Operation
3.1 Commissioning
3.1.2 Adding Fuel
3.1.1.3
3
Initial Engine Oil Fill-Up
B/FM 2011 Genset Engine
● Fill oil into oil pan up to "Max." mark on engine
dipstick (for oil quantity see 9.1).
● Start engine and allow to run at low idling speed
for approx. 2 mins.
● Switch off engine.
● Check oil level and fill up with oil up to upper
"Max." mark.
FUEL
© 26 398 0
Use only commercial-grade diesel fuel. For fuel
grade, see 4.2. Use summer or winter-grade fuel,
depending on the ambient temperature.
!
25
Never fill the tank while the engine
is running.
Ensure cleanliness!
Do not spill fuel!
9929en
Engine Operation
3
3.1 Commissioning
3.1.3 Other Preparations
3.1.4 Additional Maintenance Work
● Check battery and cable connectors,
see 6.7.1.
When commissioning new and reconditioned engines, the following additional maintenance work
must be carried out:
● Transport hooks
Remove if fitted (see 6.7.3)
● Trial run
After engine has been prepared, let it run for
about 10 minutes without being loaded.
During and after trial run
- Check engine for leaks.
After engine has been turned off
- Check oil level,
see 6.1.2.
Top up with oil, if necessary,
see 3.1.1.
- Retension V-belt,
see 6.5).
● Change lube oil,
see 6.1.1. + 6.1.2.
● Change oil filter cartridge,
see 6.1.3.
● Change fuel filter cartridge,
see 6.2.1.
● Check V-belts and retension as necessary,
see 6.5.
● Check engine for leaks
● Check engine mounts, retighten if necessary,
see 9.2.
● Check valve clearance, adjust if necessary,
see 5.1. + 6.6.1.
26
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3
27
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Engine Operation
3
3.2 Starting
3.2.1 Electric starting
Without cold start assistance
Before starting, make sure that nobody is standing in the immediate
vicinity of the engine or driven machine.
After repair work:
Check that all guards have been
replaced and that all tools have been removed from
the engine.
When starting with glow plugs, do not use any other
starter substance (e.g. injection with start pilot).
Risk of accident!
Caution: If the speed regulator has been removed, the engine must not be tested under any
circumstances.
!
2
1
Disconnect the battery!
© 26 423 0
● Where possible, disengage clutch to separate
engine from any driven parts.
● Move speed control lever 1 into idle position.
● Move shut-off handle 2 into operating position.
Do not actuate the starter for more than 20 seconds. If the engine does not catch, wait a minute
then try again.
If the engine does not catch after two attempts,
refer to the Fault Table (see 7.1).
28
9929en
© 25 746 2
● Insert key
- Position 0 = no operating voltage
● Turn key clockwise
- Position 1 = operating voltage
- Pilot lights come on
● Push key in and turn further clockwise against
spring pressure.
- Position 2 = no function
- Position 3 = start
● Release key as soon as engine fires
- Pilot lights go out.
Engine Operation
3.2 Starting
3
With cold start assistance
- Glow plug
© 25 746 2
● Insert key
- Position 0 = no operating voltage
● Turn key clockwise
- Position 1 = operating voltage
- Pilot lights come on
● Push key in and turn further clockwise against
spring pressure.
- Position 2 = preheat, hold for approx. 1 minute.
- Preheat lamp comes on
- Position 3 = start
● Release key as soon as engine fires
- Pilot lights go out
29
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Engine Operation
3
3.3 Monitoring Operation
3.3.1 Engine Oil Pressure
Oil Pressure Pilot Light
Oil Pressure Indicator
© 25 752 1
● Oil pressure pilot light comes on with operating
voltage on and engine off.
● Oil pressure pilot light should go out when
engine is running.
30
Oil Pressure Gauge
© 25 753 0
● Pointer must remain in green sector over entire
operating range.
9929en
© 25 754 0
● Pointer must indicate minimum oil pressure
(see 9.1).
Engine Operation
3.3 Monitoring Operation
3.3.2 Engine Temperature
Engine Temperature Gauge
3
© 24 985 0
● Engine temperature gauge pointer should remain in green sector most of time. It should
rarely enter yellow-green sector. If pointer enters
orange sector, engine is overheating. Turn off
and establish cause from Fault Table (see 7.1).
31
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Engine Operation
3
3.4.1 Mechanical Shut-Off
3.4 Shutting Off
3.4.2 Electric Shut-Off
(Ignition Key)
2
1
© 25 746 2
© 26 424 0
● Move speed adjustment lever 1 to low idle.
● Move shut-off lever 2 until engine comes to a
stop.
Charge pilot light and oil pressure pilot light will
come on when engine stops.
● Turn key anticlockwise (to position 0) and remove. Pilot lights will go out.
● Turn key anticlockwise (to position 0) and remove. Pilot lights will go out.
If possible, do not suddenly switch off engine when
under full load.
32
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Engine Operation
3.5 Operating Conditions
3.5.1 Winter Operation
● Lube Oil Viscosity
- Select oil viscosity (SAE grade) according to
ambient temperature before starting engine,
see 4.1.2.
- Increase oil change frequency when operating
below -10°C, see 6.1.1.
3
● Battery
- Efficient cold starting requires that battery is
well-charged, see 6.7.1.
- Starting limit temperatures can be lowered by
4-5°C by heating battery up to about +20°C. (To
do so, remove battery and store in warm place).
● Diesel Fuel
- Use winter-grade diesel fuel for operation be
low 0°C, see 4.2.2.
● Additional Maintenance Work
- Drain sludge from fuel tank once a week (undo
sludge drain screw).
- If necessary, allow oil in oil bath air cleaner and
engine oil to settle at ambient temperature.
- Below -20°C, after removing starter if neces
sary, smear ring gear on flywheel via pinion
bore from time to time with cold-resistant
grease.
(e.g. Bosch grease FT 1 V 31).
© 26 248 0
● Cold Start Assistance
- At temperatures near or below freezing point,
use glow plugs if necessary, see 3.2.1.
This not only lowers starting limit temperature,
but provides easier starting at temperatures
normally not requiring a starting aid.
33
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Engine Operation
3
3.5 Operating Conditions
3.5.2 High Ambient Temperature,
High Altitude
● Air density decreases as altitude or ambient
temperature increases. As a result of this, the
engine’s maximum output, quality of exhaust
gas, temperature level and, in extreme cases,
starting behaviour, are impaired. Engine can be
used at altitudes up to 1000 m and temperatures
up to 30°C for mobile operations. If the engine is
to operate under more severe conditions (at
higher altitudes or temperatures), it will be necessary to reduce the injected fuel quantity and
thus engine power.
● If you have any doubts about engine operation
under these or similar conditions, ask your engine or equipment supplier whether the engine
has been derated in the interests of reliability,
service life and exhaust gas quality (smoke).
Otherwise contact DEUTZ SERVICE.
34
C
F
0
32
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Operating media
4
C 2000
4.1 Lube Oil
4.2 Fuel
35
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Operating Media
4
4.1.1 Quality
4.1.2 Viscosity
Lube oils are differentiated according to their performance and quality class. In common use are
specifications named after the API (American Petroleum Institute) and ACEA European Engine Oil
Sequences.
As the viscosity of the lube oil is dependent on
temperature, the choice of SAE grade should be
governed by the ambient temperature prevailing at
the engine operating site. Optimum operating behaviour will be attained if you take the accompanying oil viscosity diagram as a guide.
Should the temperature fall temporarily below the
limits of SAE grade selected, cold starting may be
affected but the engine will not be damaged. In
order to keep wear to a minimum, do not exceed
application limits for extended periods of time.
Oil changes dictated by the seasons can be avoided
by using multi-grade lube oils. Multi-grade oils,
particularly light-flowing oils, also reduce fuel consumption.
Approved API Oils:
Minimum: CF-4
Approved ACEA Oils:
Minimum: E1-96
C 2001
4.1 Lube Oil
*Oil change intervals, see 6.1.1
Oil capacities, see 9.1
36
Only with engine
pre-heater
9929en
© 30 298 1
4.2 Fuel
Operating Media
4.2.2 Winter-Grade Fuel
Use commercially available diesel fuel with less
than 0.5% sulphur content. If the sulphur content is
higher, oil change intervals should be reduced (see
6.1.1).
Waxing may occur at low temperatures, clogging
the fuel system and reducing engine efficiency. If
the ambient temperature is less than 0°C, wintergrade fuel (suitable down to -15°C) should be used.
(This fuel is usually available from filling stations
well in advance of the cold months). Diesel fuel
containing additives (Super diesel) is often on sale
as well, for use down to -20°C.
The following fuel specifications / standards are
approved:
● DIN EN 590
● BS 2869
● ASTM D 975-96; 1-D and 2-D
● NATO Code F-54 / F-34 / F-44 and XF 63
Exhaust emission values which may be determined
in the case of type approval tests always refer to the
reference fuel prescribed by the authorities for the
type approval test.
+32
0
+23
-5
I
+14 - 10
+ 5 - 15
● At temperatures below -15°C to -20°C, kerosene
should be added to the diesel fuel. The relevant
percentages are given in the adjacent diagram.
- 4 - 20
If summer-grade diesel fuel must be used at temperatures below 0°C, up to 60% kerosene can be
added (see diagram).
- 22 - 30
- 13 - 25
II
°F
°C
0
10
20
30
40
In most cases, adequate resistance to cold can also
be obtained by adding a flow improver (additive).
Please inquire at DEUTZ SERVICE.
Diesel fuels must never be mixed
with petrol (Normal and Super
grades)!
9929en
50
60 %
B
A
!
37
4
© 26 441
26441 11
Legend:
I
Summer-grade diesel fuel
II
Winter-grade diesel fuel
A
Ambient temperature
B
Percentage of kerosene added
!
Mix in tank only! Fill with the appropriate amount of kerosene first,
then add the diesel fuel.
C 2000
4.2.1 Quality
C 2001
4
38
9929en
Service
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
39
Service Plan
Scheduled Maintenance Plan
Maintenance Chart
Maintenance Work Completed
9929en
5.1 Service Plan
Service
5
Deutz maintenance and service schedule = E check = z adjust =  clean = V replace = „
prior to or during 1st trial run, check 2x daily during the breaking-in phase or
when commissioning new and overhauled engines
every 10 operating hours or daily
E10
z
E20
in operating hours (OH) every
E25 E30
E40 E50
E60 E70
Years
2
500 1000 3000 5000 6000 12000 1
z
„
„
z
„
V
„
„
„
V
z
„
z
z
„
V
z
„
z
z

z


„
z
„
„
„
z
z
40
„
„
Operation
Industrial engines
Top lube oil up if necessary
FL 2011 lube oil, see TC 0199-99-3002
BFL 2011 lube oil, see TC 0199-99-3002
Oil bath (lube oil quality, see TC 0199-99-3002 / Dry type filter
Oil filter cartridge FL 2011
Oil filter cartridge BFL 2011
Fuel filter cartridge
Change fuel pump/strainer if necessary
Flexible fuel leakage lines, see TC 0138-21-9300
Injection valve
Fuelpre-cleaner
Intake air cleaner (if available, maintain according to maintenance indicator)
Battery and cable connectors
Engine monitoring system, warning system (replace if necessary)
Valveclearance
V-belt
Crankcase pressure vent valve
Timing belt, extreme-duty, see adjacent table
Timing belt, heavy-duty, see adjacent table
Timing belt, light-duty, see adjacent table
Check engine for leaks (visual inspection)
Engine mount (replace if damaged)
Basic overhaul
9929en
Section
The specified engine maintenance intervals are
permissible recommended maximums. Depending
on usage, reduced maintenance intervals may be
necessary (comply with the unit manufacturer’s
operating instructions).
# Maintenance must only be carried out by authorise
service personnel
6.1.2/3.1.4
6.1.1/ 6.1.2
6.1.1/ 6.1.2
6.4
6.1.3
6.1.3
6.2.2
6.2.1/ 6.2.3
#
4.2
6.4.3 /6.4.4
6.7.1
3.3 #
6.6.1#
6.5.#
#
#
#
#
–
9.2
#
Service
5.1 Service Plan
Timing belt change intervals
Engine application
Engine/ application/operating parameters
Guideline values in OH
Example:
Example:
6000 or max. 5 years
5000ormax.5years
3000 or max. 5 years
Generating sets 1500/1800 rpm; pump units,
low speed; moderate ambient temperature;
lowspeed;platformlifts;refrigerationunitsetc.
lowdustexposure
compressors;rollers;forklifttrucks;weldingunits;
wheelloaders;mediumtohighvariablespeed;highambient
small dumpers; ski-steer loaders etc.
temperature moderate dust exposure
agricultural machinery; ski-steer loaders; wheel loaders; drillinghigh speed;
temperature;
41
9929en
impact loads; extreme ambient
5
equipment; trench-cutting machines; joint cutters; bulldozers etc.
5 Service
5.2 Scheduled Maintenance Plan
5.2.1 Scheduled Maintenance Plan
Intervals
at/after
50
OH
Daily
250
OH
500
OH
1000 OH
3000 OH
6 000 OH
12000 OH
42
Deutz maintenance
and service schedule
E10
E20
E25
E30
E40
E50
E60
E70
Operation
Carried out by:
After commissioning and E 50-E 70
Dailycheck
Inspection
Extendedinspection
Interim overhaul
Extendedinterimoverhaul
Partialoverhaul
Basicoverhaul
Authorisedspecialists
Operator
Authorisedspecialists
Authorisedspecialists
Authorisedspecialists
Authorisedspecialists
Authorisedspecialists
Authorisedspecialists
9929en
high dust exposure
Service
5.3 Maintenance Chart
5
The maintenance chart shown here is supplied as a
self-adhesive label with each engine. It should be
affixed where it can be seen clearly on the engine or
driven equipment.
a
ex.
ex.
0,3 mm
0.012 in.
0,5 mm
0.020 in.
1
4
125 ñ 2000
3
2
Routine work should be carried out according to the
schedule in 5.1.
h/Bh
2
1000
in.
Check that this is the case.
If necessary, ask your engine or equipment supplier
for a fresh supply of labels.
in.
1
BFM/BFL
500
500 5
6
OIL
FM/FL
1000
BFM/BFL
1
OIL
4
FM/FL
B/FM 2011
4
1000
5
10
OIL
max.
3
6
2
FU
EL
1000
1000
6
3
2011
5
0297 9935 0
Stop the engine before carrying out
any maintenance work.
43
9929en
B/FL 2011
Service
5.4 Maintenance Work Completed
Op. hours
Date
Signature/stamp
Op. hours
Date
Signature/stamp
-
50-150*
125
250
375
500
625
750
875
1000
1125
1250
1375
1500
1625
1750
1875
2000
2115
2250
2375
2500
2625
2750
* Following commissioning of new and overhauled engines
Duly completed maintenance jobs can be recorded and signed off in the above chart.
45
9929en
Quelle:45 /MUS_Kap5.3/de # BA Seite
5
Service
5
Op. hours
5.4 Maintenance Work Completed
Date
Signature/stamp
Op. hours
2875
3000
3125
3250
3375
3500
3625
3750
3875
4000
4125
4250
4375
4500
4625
4750
4875
5000
5125
5250
5375
5500
5625
5750
Date
Duly completed maintenance jobs can be recorded and signed off in the above chart.
46
9929en
Quelle:46 /MUS_Kap5.3/de # BA Seite
Signature/stamp
Service
5.4 Maintenance Work Completed
Op. hours
Date
Signature/stamp
Op. hours
5875
6000
6125
6250
6375
6500
6625
6750
6875
7000
7125
7250
7375
7500
7625
7750
7825
8000
8125
8250
8375
8500
8625
8750
Date
Signature/stamp
Duly completed maintenance jobs can be recorded and signed off in the above chart.
47
9929en
Quelle:47 /MUS_Kap5.3/de # BA Seite
5
Service
5
Op. hours
48
5.4 Maintenance Work Completed
Date
Signature/stamp
9929en
Op. hours
Date
Quelle:48 /MUS_Kap5.3/de # BA Seite
Signature/stamp
Service and Maintenance
6
Lubrication System
Fuel System
Cooling system
Combustion Air Filter
Belt Drives
Adjustments
Accessories
Engine Cleaning
C 2001
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
49
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6.1 Lubrication System
6.1.1 Oil Change Intervals
6
Lube oil change intervals in OH
Engines for installation
Naturally aspirated engines
● Oil change intervals are dependent on engine
application and quality of lube oil.
Lube quality
● If engine runs fewer hours during year than
stated in table, oil should be changed at least
once a year.
● Table refers to following conditions:
- sulphur content max. 0.5% by weight for diesel
fuel
- continuous ambient temperature to
-10°C (+14°F).
● If sulphur content is > 0.5 to 1% or continuous
ambient temperature below -10°C (+14°F), intervals between oil changes should be halved.
API-specification
CF-4/ CG-4 / CH-4
ACEA-specification
E1-E3/96+ E4-98
Turbocharged engines
CF-4
CG-4 / CH-4
E1-E2/96 E3-96+ E4-98
Normal duty oil, e.g.:
road vehicles, cranes, construction machinery, ships,
generating sets, pumps, rail vehicles.
Heavy duty for oil, e.g.:
1000
250
500
500
125
250
combine harvesters, emergency pumps, underground
mining units, sweeping machines, winter maintenance
equipment, emergency generators.
● In case of fuels containing more than 1% sulphur, contact your service representative.
Lube oil change intervals in km
Vehicle engines
Naturally aspirated engines
Lube oil quality
C 2001
Service group
Change oil with engine off but still warm (lube oil
temperature approx. 80°C).
50
API specification
CF-4/ CG-4 / CH-4
ACEA specification
E1-E3/96+ E4-98
Turbocharged engines
CF-4
CG-4 / CH-4
E1-E2/96 E3-96+ E4-98
Average driving
Annual usage km
speed approx. km/h
I
< 30 000
20
20 000
5 000
10 000
II
30 000 – 100 000
40
40 000
10 000
20 000
III
> 100 000
60
60 000
15 000
30 000
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6.1 Lubrication System
6.1.2 Check Oil Level /
Change Engine Oil
6.1.2.1 Check Oil Level
6
Change Engine Oil
© 26 022 0
© 25 729 0
● Switch engine off before checking oil level.
● Ensure that engine or vehicle is level.
● Remove oil dipstick.
● Wipe dipstick with non-fibrous, clean cloth.
● Insert it to stop and remove again.
● Check oil level, and if necessary, top up to "MAX"
mark.
- If oil level is only just above "MIN" mark, more
oil must be added.
● Allow engine to warm up.
● Ensure that engine or vehicle is level.
- Lube oil temperature approx. 80°C.
● Switch off engine.
!
The level must not fall below the "MIN" mark.
51
Caution when draining hot oil: Risk
of scalding!
Do not let used oil run into the soil
but collect it in a container!
Dispose of this in accordance with
environmental regulations!
9929en
© 26 023 0
● Place oil tray under engine.
● Unscrew oil drain plug.
● Drain oil.
● Fit oil drain plug with new seal ring and tighten
firmly (for torque, see 9.2)
● Pour in lube oil
- For grade / viscosity, see 4.1
- For quantity, see 9.1
● Check oil level, see 6.1.2.1.
C 2001
6.1.2.2
Service and Maintenance
6.1 Lubrication System
6.1.3 Changing Oil Filter
6
© 25 880 0
● Undo lube oil filter cartridge using commercial
tool and spin off.
● Catch any escaping oil.
© 25 881 0
● Clean any dirt from filter carrier sealing surface.
● Lightly oil rubber gasket of new lube oil filter
cartridge.
C 2001
● Manually screw in new cartridge until gasket is
flush.
!
52
Caution is required in case of hot
oil: Risk of scalding!
9929en
© 25 882 0
● Tighten lube oil filter cartridge with another halfturn.
● Check oil level, see 6.1.2.
● Check oil pressure, see 3.3.1.
● Check lube oil filter cartridge seal for leaks.
Service and Maintenance
6.1 Lubrication System
6.1.4 Clean / Replace
Oil Filter (Cup)
6
1
2
3
4
© 30 074 0
● Switch off engine.
● Loosen lube oil filter cover 1 and unscrew in
anticlockwise direction.
● Carefully loosen paper filter cartridge 3 upwards
from guide 4.
● Catch any escaping oil.
● Replace paper filter cartridge 3.
● Clean any dirt from sealing surface of filter carrier
and lube oil filter cover 1 and from guide 4.
53
Caution is required in case of hot
oil:
Risk of scalding!
C 2001
!
● Replace and lightly oil rubber gasket 2.
● Carefully insert new paper filter cartridge 3 into
guide 4.
● Tighten lube oil filter cover 1 in clockwise direction (25 Nm).
● Start engine.
● Check oil level, see 6.1.2.
● Check oil pressure, see 3.3.1.
● Check lube oil filter attachment for leaks.
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6.2 Fuel System
6.2.1 Replace Fuel Filter
6
C 2001
© 25 880 0
© 25 881 0
© 25 882 0
● Close fuel shut-off valve.
● Clean any dirt from filter carrier sealing surface.
● Tighten fuel filter cartridge with final half-turn.
● Undo fuel filter cartridge with commercial tool
and spin off.
● Apply light film of oil or diesel fuel to rubber
gasket of new fuel filter cartridge.
● Open fuel shut-off valve.
● Catch any escaping fuel.
● Manually screw in new cartridge until gasket is
flush.
!
54
Keep naked flames away
when working on the fuel
system. Do not smoke!
● Check for leaks.
The fuel system does not need to be bled.
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6.2 Fuel System
6.2.2 Clean / Replace
Fuel Filter (Cup)
6
1
2
3
4
© 30 074 0
● Switch off engine.
● Loosen fuel oil filter cover 1 and unscrew in
anticlockwise direction.
● Carefully loosen paper filter cartridge 3 upwards
from guide 4.
● Catch any escaping fuel.
● Replace paper filter cartridge 3.
● Clean any dirt from sealing surface of filter
carrier and fuel filter cover 1 and from guide 4.
55
Keep naked flames away when working on the fuel system. Do not
smoke!
C 2001
!
● Replace and lightly oil rubber gasket 2.
● Carefully insert new paper filter cartridge 3 into
guide 4.
● Tighten fuel filter cover 1 in clockwise direction
(25 Nm).
● Start engine.
● Check fuel filter attachment for leaks.
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6.2 Fuel System
6.2.3 Clean Strainer of Fuel Filter
6
6.2.4 Change Fuel Leakage Line
4
2
2
3
3
1
1
© 26 436 0
C 2001
● Close fuel shut-off valve.
● Loosen and unscrew hexagonal nut 1.
● Remove fuel strainer cover 2 (cover and strainer,
one unit).
● Clean fuel strainer 2 with diesel fuel. Replace if
necessary.
● Place seal 3 in position.
!
56
© 31 867 0
● Mount fuel strainer cover 2.
● Tighten hexagonal screw 1.
● Check for leaks.
Keep naked flames away when working on the fuel system. Do not
smoke!
9929en
● Close fuel shut-off valve.
● Disconnect rubber hoses 3 from injection valves.
● Disconnect rubber hose 1 from fuel tank.
● Disconnect rubber hoses 4, 3 and 1 from unions
2 and dispose of in an environmentally friendly
manner.
● Connect new rubber hoses 4, 3 and 1 to unions 2.
● Connect rubber hoses 3 to injection valves.
● Connect rubber hose 1 to fuel tank.
● Open fuel shut-off valve.
● Check for leaks after start-up.
Service and Maintenance
6.3 Cooling System
6.3.1 Cleaning Intervals
● Amount of contamination in cooling system
depends on engine application.
● Oil and fuel residues on engine increase risk of
contamination. Therefore pay special attention
to leaks if engine is used in dusty environments.
● Serious contamination can occur, for example:
- on construction sites where there is a high
level of air-borne dust.
- in harvesting applications where there are high
concentrations of chaff and chopped straw in
vicinity of machine.
● Because applications vary, cleaning intervals
have to be determined from case to case. Cleaning intervals given in table on right can be used
as a guide.
57
6
Checking or cleaning intervals
Guideline values OH
Engine application
2000
Ships, generating sets in enclosed areas, pumps.
1000
Vehicles on paved roads
500
Tractors, fork-lift trucks, mobile generating sets
250
Vehicles on construction sites and unpaved roads, construction machines, compressors, underground mining units
125
Agricultural machines, tractors in harvesting applications
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6
6.4 Combustion Air Filter
6.4.1 Cleaning Intervals
6.4.2 Emptying Cyclone-Type
Precleaner
● Amount of dirt in air cleaner depends on amount
of dust in air and size of air cleaner used. If high
level of dust is anticipated, cyclone-type
precleaner can be fitted to air cleaner.
● Cleaning intervals will have to be determined
from case to case.
● If dry type air filters are used, cleaning should
only be carried out according to service indicator
or service switch.
● Air cleaner servicing is needed when:
- Service indicator
red signal 1 is fully visible when engine is off.
- Service switch
yellow pilot light comes on when engine is
running.
© 25 885 1
© 25 886 0
● Undo wing nut 1 and remove cover 2.
● Remove collector bowl 3 from lower section 4
and empty. Clean leaves, straw and other foreign
matter from lower section of pre-cleaner.
● Reposition collector bowl 3 onto lower section 4,
fasten cover 2 in place by tightening wing nut 1.
● pressing button on service indicator. Service
indicator is now ready for operation again.
Never fill collector bowl with oil. Replace collector
bowl if damaged.
58
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6.4 Combustion Air Filter
6.4.3 Dry Type Air Cleaner
Discharge Valve
6
Filter Cartridges
© 25 888 1
● Empty dust discharge valve 1 by pressing apart
lips of discharge slot as indicated by arrows.
● Clean discharge slot from time to time.
● Remove any caked dirt by pressing together
upper section of valve.
© 25 889 0
● Undo clip fasteners 1.
● Take off hood 2 and remove cartridge 3.
● Clean cartridge, replace at least once a year.
● Clean cartridge 3.
Using dry compressed air (max. 5 bar), blow out
from inside to outside (or in difficult cases, tap
out, taking care not to damage cartridge, or wash
according to manufacturer’s instructions).
● Gaskets on filter cartridge can become damaged
through regular removal and replacement. Check
paper filter (light showing through) and gaskets
for damage.
Replace if necessary.
● After five cleaner services or after two years at
latest, replace safety cartridge 4 (never clean).
To do so:
- Undo hex nut 5 and remove cartridge 4.
- Install new cartridge, fit and tighten hex nut.
● Install cartridge 3, replace hood 2 and do up clip
fasteners 1.
!
59
9929en
Never clean filter cartridge with petrol or hot fluids.
Service and Maintenance
6
6.5 Belt Drives
6.5.1 Check V-belt
© 26 261 0
© 31 866 0
● Visually inspect entire V-belt for damage.
● Replace damaged V-belts.
● After installing new belts, run engine for 15
minutes, then check belt tension.
● To check tension of V-belt, use tension gauge
(see 9.3).
- Place indicator arm 1 into gauge.
- Position guide 3 on V-belt 2, midway between
pulleys, with stop against edge of belt.
- Push slowly on black pad 4 at right angles to Vbelt 2 until spring is heard or felt to trigger.
- Carefully remove gauge without altering position of indicator arm 1.
- Read off value where black indicator arm 1
intersects scale 5 (arrow). For settings, see
9.1.
- If necessary, retension belt and measure again.
!
60
Check, tension and change belts
only with engine off. Refit belt guard,
if provided.
9929en
After installing new belts, run engine for 15 minutes, then check belt tension.
Service and Maintenance
6.5 Belt Drives
6.5.2 Tensioning Alternator Belts
3
5
6.5.3 Changing Alternator Belts
3
1
1
4
4
2
2
© 31 859 0
© 31 860 0
● Slacken off bolts 1, 2 and 3.
● Adjust alternator 4 in direction of arrow by
turning bolt 3 until correct belt tension is achieved.
● Retighten bolts 1, 2 and 3.
!
61
5
● Slacken off bolts 1, 2 and 3.
● Adjust alternator 4 in direction of arrow by
turning bolt 3.
● Remove and replace belt.
● Adjust alternator 4 against direction of arrow by
turning bolt 3, until correct belt tension is
achieved.
● Retighten bolts 1, 2 and 3.
Check, tension and change belts
only with engine off. Refit belt guard,
if provided.
9929en
6
Service and Maintenance
6
6.6 Adjustments
6.6.1 Check Valve Clearance, adjust
if necessary
© 19 691 2
● Remove cylinder head cover.
● Position crankshaft as per schematic, see 6.6.1.1.
● Before adjusting valve clearance, allow engine to
cool down for at least 30 minutes. Oil temperature should be below 80°C.
● Check valve clearance 1 between rocker arm /
tappet contact face 2 and valve stem 3 with feeler
gauge 6 (there should be only slight resistance
when feeler blade is inserted).
For permissible valve clearance, see 9.1.
62
© 25 893 0
● Adjust valve clearance if necessary:
- Release locknut 4.
- Use Allan key 7 to turn setscrew 5 so that
correct clearance is attained after locknut 4 has
been tightened.
● Check and adjust valve clearance on all cylinders.
● Reinstall cylinder head cover, with new gasket if
necessary.
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6.6 Adjustments
6.6.1.1
6
Valve Clearance Adjust
ments Schematic
1
1
2
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
2
1
2
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
© 25 894 4
63
9929en
● Crankshaft Position 1:
Turn crankshaft until both valves in cylinder 1
overlap (exhaust valve about to close, inlet valve
about to open). Adjust clearance of valves marked
in black on schematic. Mark respective rocker
arm with chalk to show that adjustment has been
carried out.
● Crankshaft Position 2:
Turn crankshaft one full revolution (360°).
Adjust clearance of valves marked in black on
schematic.
Service and Maintenance
6
6.7.1
6.7.1.1
Battery
Check Battery and Cable
Connectors
6.7.1.2
6.7 Accessories
Check Electrolyte Level
© 25 895 0
● Keep battery clean and dry.
● Undo dirty clamps.
● Clean terminal posts (+ and -) and clamps of
battery, and grease with acid-free and acidresistant grease.
● When reassembling, ensure that clamps make
good contact. Tighten clamp bolts hand-tight.
64
© 24 232 3
● Remove sealing caps 1.
● If testers 2 are present:
Electrolyte level should reach base of these.
● Without testers:
Electrolyte level should be 10-15 mm above top
of plates.
● If necessary, top up with distilled water.
● Screw sealing caps back in.
9929en
6.7.1.3
Check Electrolyte Density
© 25 896 0
● Measure electrolyte density of individual cells
with commercial hydrometer.
Hydrometer reading (see table on following page)
indicates battery’s state of charge.
During measurement, temperature of electrolyte
should preferably be +20°C.
Service and Maintenance
6.7 Accessories
6
Electrolyte density
in [kg/ l]
in [°Bé (Baumé scale)*]
Charge status
Normal
Tropical
Normal
Tropical
1.28
1.23
32
27
well charged
1.20
1.12
24
16
semi-charged, re-charge
1.12
1.08
16
11
discharged, immediately charge
*Measurement of electrolyte density in °Bé (Baumé
scale) is out of date and rarely used today.
The gases emitted by the battery
are explosive! Keep sparks and naked flames away from the battery!
Do not allow battery acid to come
into contact with skin or clothing!
Wear protective goggles!
Do not rest tools on the battery!
!
65
9929en
Service and Maintenance
6
6.7.2 Rotary Current Alternator
6.7 Accessories
6.7.3 Transportation Shackles
Notes on the three-phase system:
● Never disconnect cables between battery, alternator and regulator while engine is running.
● If, however, it is necessary to start and operate
engine without battery, disconnect regulator from
alternator before starting.
● Be sure not to confuse battery terminals.
● Replace defective charge pilot lamp bulb immediately.
● When washing engine, cover up alternator and
regulator.
● Touching lead against frame to check whether it
is live must not, under any circumstances, be
carried out with three-phase electrical systems.
● In case of electric welding, connect ground terminal on welder directly to piece being welded.
1
2
© 31 871 0
● Always use proper lifting tackle 1 when transporting engine.
● After transportation and before commissioning
of engine: remove attachment eyes 2.
Use only correct lifting gear.
!
66
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© 31 870 0
Service and Maintenance
6.8 Engine Cleaning
6.8.1 Engine Cleaning
6
Preperation
● Switch off engine.
● Remove engine covers and cooling air hood.
Replace them after cleaning and before test run.
● Cover electrical / electronic components and
connections (e.g. alternator, starter, governor,
solenoid).
Using compressed air
● Blow air through engine, taking particular care
not to damage cooler and cooling fins (begin to
blow through air from exhaust side).
Remove dirt which has blown into interior space.
Using cold-cleaning compound
● Spray engine with commercial cold-cleaning
compound and allow to react for approx. 10
mins.
● Spray-clean engine with strong water jet, repeat
if necessary.
● Allow engine to run warm so that remaining
water evaporates.
Using high-pressure device
● Clean engine with steam jet (max. spray pressure of 60 bar, max. steam temperature of 90ºC).
● Allow engine to run warm so that remaining
water evaporates.
!
67
Clean the engine only when the engine is switched off.
9929en
6
68
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Faults, Causes and Remedies
7
7.1 Fault Table
69
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Faults, Causes and Remedies
7.1 Fault Table
7
● Faults are often caused by engine not being
properly operated or maintained.
● Each time fault occurs, check whether all operating and servicing regulations have been complied with.
● Corresponding fault table can be found on adjacent page.
● If you cannot ascertain cause of a fault or cannot
rectify fault, please contact DEUTZ SERVICE.
70
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Faults, Causes and Remedies
7.1 Fault Table
Faults
Engine does not start or is difficult to start
Engine starts, but runs irregularly or fails
Engine becomes excessively hot. Temperature warning system responds
Engine output is deficient
Engine does not run on all cylinders
Engine oil pressure is non-existent or excessively low
Engine oil consumption excessive
Engine smokes - blue
- white
- black
Cause
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Not declutched (where possible)
Below starting limit temperature
Oil level too low
Oil level too high
Excessive inclination of engine
Incorrect lube oil SAE class or quality
Fuel quality not as per operating manual
Air cleaner clogged / turbocharger defective
Air cleaner service switch / indicator defective
CPD * defective
Charge air line leaking
Oil cooler panels clogged
Cooling fan defective, split or loose V-belt
Cooling air temperature rise / heating short circuit
Resistance in cooling system too great / through-flow quantity too small
Battery defective or discharged
*CPD = Charge pressure-dependent full-load stop
71
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Measures
Check
Adjust
Replace
Clean
Top up
Reduce
Section
Engine Operation
Ch
A
Rp
Cl
T
Rd
Ch
Ch
T
Ch
Rd
Operating media Rp
Rp
Combustion air Ch / Rp
Ch / Rp
Ch
Ch
Ch / Cl
Cooling system Ch / Rp
Ch
Ch
Electrics
Ch / T
7
Faults, Causes and Remedies
7
7.1 Fault Table
Faults
Measures
Engine does not start or is difficult to start
Engine starts, but runs irregularly or fails
Engine becomes excessively hot. Temperature warning system responds
Engine output is deficient
Engine does not run on all cylinders
Engine oil pressure is non-existent or excessively low
Engine oil consumption excessive
Engine smokes - blue
- white
- black
Cause
Check
Adjust
Replace
Clean
Top up
Reduce
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
72
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Electric cable connections to starter electrical system loose or oxidised
Starter defective or pinion does not engage
Solenoid defective (release switch)
Incorrect valve clearance
Injection line leaks
Injection valve defective
9929en
Section
Electrics
Engine
Ch
A
Rp
Cl
T
Rd
Ch
Ch
Ch
A
Ch
Ch / Rp
Engine Preservation
8
8.1 Preservation
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Engine Preservation
8.1 Preservation
8.1.1
8
If the engine is to remain idle for an extended period
of time, it is necessary to take protective measures to
prevent rusting. The preservative measures described
here will protect the engine for up to 6 months.
The procedure will have to be reversed before the
engine is recommissioned.
● Anti-corrosion oils to specification:
MIL-L-21260B
TL 9150-037/2
Nato Code C 640 / 642
● Anti-corrosion media for exterior protection only
to specification:
Nato Code C 632
● Recommended cleaning agent to remove preservatives:
Petroleum benzine
(hazardous materials class A3)
74
Preserving Engine
● Clean engine using high-pressure equipment
(or with cold-cleansing agent in emergency).
● Run engine until warm, then turn off.
● Drain engine oil (see 6.1.2) and fill with anticorrosion oil.
● If necessary, clean oil bath cleaner (see 6.4.3)
and fill with anti-corrosion oil.
● Drain fuel tank.
● Make up a mixture of 90% diesel fuel and 10%
anti-corrosion oil, and refill fuel tank.
● Allow engine to run for approx. 10 mins.
● Switch off engine.
● Turn engine over manually several times to preserve cylinders and combustion chamber.
● Remove V-belts and store in wrapped condition.
● Spray grooves on V-belt pulleys with anti-corrosion spray.
● Close intake ports and exhaust ports.
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8.1.2
Removing Engine
Preservatives
● Remove anti-corrosion agent from grooves in
V-belt pulleys.
● Install V-belt, retension after brief operation if
necessary, see 6.5.
● Remove covers from intake port and exhaust
port.
● Commission engine, see also 5.1, note 2.
Technical Specification
9
9.1 Engine Specifications and Settings
9.2 Torque Wrench Settings
9.3 Tools
75
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Technical Specification
9
9.1 Engine Specifications and Settings
Model
Number of cylinders
Cylinder arrangement
Bore
[mm]
Stroke
[mm]
Total displacement
[cm3]
Compression ratio
[ε]
Working cycle
Combustion system
Direction of rotation
Weight incl. integral cooling system to DIN 70020-A
(without starter, with alternator)
approx. [kg]
Engine output
[kW (hp)]
Speed
[rpm]
Lubrication
SAE oil
Maximum oil temperature in oil pan
[°C]
Min. oil pressure in warm condition, oil temperature 110°C
at: 900 rpm (low idling speed)
[bar]
1800 rpm
[bar]
max. 2800 rpm
[bar]
Oil change quantity (oil pan) approx.
[l]
Oil change quantity with filter (standard 0.5 l)
approx. (l)
Valve clearance with cold engine
(Engine cooling time at least 30 min.: oil temperature should be below 80°C). [mm]
Start of feed
[°crankshaft BTDC]
Injector opening pressure: vehicle/unit
[bar]
Firing order of engine
———— F2L 2011 ————— F3L 2011 —————— F4L 2011 ————
————— 2 ————————— 3 ———————— 4 ——————
————————————— vertical in line ——————————————
———————————————— 94 ————————————————
——————————————— 112 ————————————————
———— 1554 ——————— 2331 ———————— 3108 —————
———————————————— 19 ————————————————
———————————— 4-stroke diesel engine ————————————
——————— Naturally aspirated engine with direct injection ————————
—————————— On left when looking at flywheel ——————————
————— 175 ———————— 217 ———————— 256 —————
———————————————— 1) ———————————————————
———————————————— 1) ———————————————————
———————————— Pressure lubrication —————————————
—————————————— 20 W 20 ———————————————
——————————————— 130 ————————————————
——————————————— 1.4 3)
——————————————— 2.2 3)
——————————————— 3 3)
————— 6 2) ————————— 5.5 2)
———— 6.5 2) ————————— 6 2)
——————————————————
——————————————————
——————————————————
————————— 10 2) ——————
———————— 10.5 2) ——————
——————————— Inlet 0.3 +0.1 / Exhaust 0.5 +0.1 ———————————
———————————————— 1) ———————————————————
——————————————— 210 +8 ——————————————————
————— 1 - 2 ——————— 1 - 2 - 3 ————— 1 - 3 - 4 - 2 ————
V-belt tension: pretension / retension (after engine has been running under load for 15 mins)[N] ————————————— 450 / 350 ±20 ——————————————
1)
2)
3)
Engine power, speed, start of delivery are stamped on engine rating plate, see also 2.1.
Approx. values can vary depending on sump and/or cooler design (external cooling system). Upper oil dipstick mark is always authoritative.
Values for engines without engine oil heating.
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Technical Specification
9.1 Engine Specifications and Settings
Model
——— BF3L 2011 ————————— BF4L 2011 ————
Number of cylinders
Cylinder arrangement
Bore
[mm]
Stroke
[mm]
Total displacement
[cm3]
Compression ratio
[ε]
Working cycle / Combustion system
Direction of rotation
Weight without cooling system
Weight without starter, with alternator as per DIN 70020-A approx.
approx. [kg]
Engine output
[kW (hp)]
Speed
[rpm]
Lubrication
SAE oil
Maximum oil temperature in oil pan
[°C]
at: 900 rpm (low idling speed)
[bar]
1800 rpm
[bar]
max. 2800 rpm
[bar]
Oil change quantity (oil pan without cooling system) ca.
[l]
Oil change quantity with filter (Standard 0.5 l)
approx. (l)
Valve clearance with cold engine
(Engine cooling time at least 30 min.: oil temperature should be below 80°C).
[mm]
Injector opening pressure: vehicle/unit
[bar]
Start of feed
[°crankshaft BTDC]
Firing order of engine
————— 3 ———————————— 4 ——————
—————————— vertical in line ———————————
———————————— 94 —————————————
———————————— 112 ————————————
———— 2331 ——————————— 3108 —————
———————————— 17.5 ————————————
——— Four-stroke diesel with turbocharging and direct fuel injection ——
—————— On left when looking at flywheel ———————
————— 222 ———————————— 257 —————
1)
—————————————
———————————— 1) —————————————
————————— Pressure lubrication —————————
——————————— 20 W 20 ————————————
———————————— 130 ————————————
———————————— 1.4 3) ——————————————
———————————— 2.2 3) ——————————————
———————————— 3 3) ——————————————
————— 7.5 ———————————— 10 2) ——————
————— 8 ——————————— 10.5 2) ——————
——————————————
——————— Inlet 0.3 + 0.1 / Exhaust 0.5 + 0.1 ———————
——————————— 210 + 8 ———————————
——————————————
V-belt tension: pretension / retension (after engine has been running under load for 15 mins): [N]
1)
2)
3)
1)
————————————
———— 1 - 2 - 3 —————————— 1-3-4-2 —————
—————————— 450 / 350 ±20 ——————————
Engine power, speed, start of delivery are stamped on engine rating plate, see also 2.1.
Approx. values can vary depending on sump and/or cooler design (external cooling system). Upper oil dipstick mark is always authoritative.
Values for engines without engine oil heating.
77
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9
Technical Specification
9
9.1 Engine Specifications and Settings
Model
— F2M 2011 ————— F3M 2011 ———— F4M 2011 ——
Number of cylinders
Cylinder arrangement
Bore
[mm]
Stroke
[mm]
Total displacement
[cm3]
Compression ratio
[ε]
Working cycle
Combustion system
Direction of rotation
Weight without cooling system
(without starter, with alternator) approx.
approx. [kg]
Engine output
[kW (hp)]
Speed
[rpm]
Lubrication
SAE oil
Maximum oil temperature in oil pan
[°C]
Min. oil pressure in warm condition, oil temperature 110°C at: 900 rpm (low idling speed) [bar]
1800 rpm
[bar]
max. 2800 rpm
[bar]
Engine with Thermostat
Oil change quantity without external cooler (see 3.1.1.2)/without filter approx.
[l]
Oil change quantity without external cooler (see 3.1.1.2) + filter replacement (standard 0.5 litre) approx. [l]
Genset Engine without Thermostat:
Oil change quantity including external cooler (see 3.1.1.3)/without filter approx.
[l]
Oil change quantity including cooler (see 3.1.1.3) + filter replacement (standard 0.5 litre) approx. [l]
Valve clearance with cold engine
(Engine cooling time at least 30 min.: oil temperature should be below 80°C).
[mm]
Start of feed
[°crankshaft BTDC]
Injector opening pressure: vehicle/unit
[bar]
Firing order of engine
V-belt tension: pretension / retension (after engine has been running under load for 15 mins): [N]
——— 2 ———————— 3 ———————— 4 ————
—————————— vertical in line ———————————
———————————— 94 —————————————
———————————— 112 ————————————
—— 1554 ——————— 2331 —————— 3108 ———
———————————— 19 —————————————
———————— 4-stroke diesel engine —————————
————— Naturally aspirated engine with direct injection —————
——————— On left when looking at flywheel ——————
————————— Refer to head-office —————————
—— 169 ——————— 210 —————— 248 ———
———————————— 1) ———————————————
———————————— 1) ———————————————
————————— Pressure lubrication —————————
——————————— 20 W 20 ————————————
———————————— 130 ————————————
———————————— 1.4 3) ——————————————
———————————— 2.2 3) ——————————————
———————————— 3 3) ——————————————
1)
—————— 5.5 2) ————————— 10 2) ————————
——————— 6 2) ————————— 10.5 2) ————————
—————— 8.5 2) ————————— 13 2) ————————
——————— 9 2) ————————— 13.5 2) ————————
——————— Inlet 0.3 +0.1 / Exhaust 0.5 +0.1 ———————
———————————— 1) ———————————————
——————————— 210 +8 ————————————
—— 1-2 —————— 1 - 2 - 3 ————— 1 - 3 - 4 - 2 ——
—————————— 450 / 350 ±20 ——————————
Engine power, speed, start of delivery are stamped on engine rating plate, see also 2.1.
Approx. values can vary depending on sump and/or cooler design (external cooling system). Upper oil dipstick mark is always authoritative.
3)
Values for engines without engine oil heating.
2)
78
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Technical Specification
9.1 Engine Specifications and Settings
Model
Number of cylinders
Cylinder arrangement
Bore
Stroke
Total displacement
Compression ratio
Working cycle
Combustion system
Direction of rotation
Weight without cooling system
(without starter, with alternator) approx.
Engine output
Speed
Lubrication
SAE oil
Maximum oil temperature in oil pan
[mm]
[mm]
[cm3]
[ε]
[kg]
[kW (hp)]
[rpm]
[°C]
Min. oil pressure in warm condition, oil temperature 110°C at: 900 rpm (low idling speed) [bar]
1800 rpm
max. 2800 rpm
Engine with Thermostat
Oil change quantity without external cooler (see 3.1.1.2) / without filter approx.
[bar]
[bar]
————— BF3M 2011 ————— BF4M 2011 ——————
——————— 3 ————————— 4 ————————
—————————— vertical in line ———————————
———————————— 94 —————————————
———————————— 112 ————————————
—————— 2331 ———————— 3108 ———————
———————————— 17.5 ————————————
———————— 4-stroke diesel engine —————————
——————— Turbocharging and direct injection ————————
——————— On left when looking at flywheel ——————
————————— Refer to head-office —————————
—————— 215 ———————— 250 ———————
———————————— 1) ————————————
———————————— 1) ————————————
————————— Pressure lubrication —————————
——————————— 20 W 20 ————————————
———————————— 130 ————————————
———————————— 1.4 3) ————————————
———————————— 2.2 3) ————————————
———————————— 3 3) —————————————
[l] ——————— 7.5 ———————— 10 2) ———————
——————— 8 ———————— 10.5 2) ———————
Oil change quantity without external cooler (see 3.1.1.2) + filter replacement (standard 0.5 litre) approx. [l]
Genset Engine without Thermostat:
Oil change quantity including external cooler (see 3.1.1.3) / without filter approx.
[l] ——————— 11 ———————— 13.5 2) ———————
—————— 11.5 ———————— 14 2) ———————
Oil change quantity including cooler (see 3.1.1.3) + filter replacement (standard 0.5 litre) approx. [l]
Valve clearance with cold engine
(Engine cooling time at least 30 min.: oil temperature should be below 80°C).
[mm]
Start of feed
[°crankshaft BTDC]
Injector opening pressure: vehicle/unit
[bar]
Firing order of engine
——————— Inlet 0.3 +0.1 / Exhaust 0.5 +0.1 ———————
———————————— 1) —————————————
——————————— 210 +8 ————————————
—————— 1-2-3 —————— 1-3-4-2 ——————
V-belt tension: pretension / retension (after engine has been running under load for 15 mins): [N] ————————— 450 / 350 ±20 ———————————
1)
Engine power, speed, start of delivery are stamped on engine rating plate, see also 2.1.
Approx. values can vary depending on sump and/or cooler design (external cooling system). Upper oil dipstick mark is always authoritative.
3)
Values for engines without engine oil heating.
2)
79
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9
Tecnical Specification
9
Installation location
9.2 Torque Wrench Settings
Pre-tension [Nm]
1st stage
2nd stage
Re-tension [Nm]
3rd stage
1st stage
2nd stage
3rd stage
Total
4th stage
[Nm]
Cylinder head cover
8.5
Cylinder head cover
8.5
Rocker arm adjustment screw
21
Intake manifold
8.5
Foot Rigid suspension
30
Comments
45
Foot Elastic suspension
106
Air intake pipe
21
Exhaust manifold
22
Oil drain plug
55
Oil pan (sheet metal)
21
Oil pan (cast)
31
Injection line attachment
30
Injection valve attachment
21
TORX
Lube oil filter cartridge
27
on engine or separate
Threaded pipe union
4
80
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Technical Specification
9.3 Tools
TORX
V-belt tension gauge
25899 0
A TORX BN. 8189 screw set is used with engines in
the 1011 series.
This system was chosen because of the many
advantages it offers:
● Outstanding accessibility to bolts.
● High load transfer when loosening and tightening.
● Almost impossible for socket to slide off or
break, thereby practically ruling out risk of injury.
TORX tools can be ordered from:
26002 0
The V-belt tension gauge can be obtained under
order number 8115 from:
FA.WILBÄR
Postfach 14 05 80
D-42826 Remscheid
FA.WILBÄR
Postfach 14 05 80
D-42826 Remscheid
81
9
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Notice
Notes
en
Warnings to Place on Equipment
Warning in the Manual
CALIFORNIA
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
Proposition 65 Warning
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its
constituents are known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth
defects, and other reproductive harm.
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its
constituents are known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth
defects, and other reproductive harm.
or
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known
to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, and
other reproductive harm.
Notes
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 INFORMATION
TO CALIFORNIA CUSTOMERS AND
TO CUSTOMERS SELLING DIESEL ENGINE EQUIPMENT INTO OR
FOR USE IN CALIFORNIA.
Proposition 65, a California law, requires warnings on products which expose individuals in California to chemicals listed under that law,
including certain chemicals in diesel engine exhaust.
Obligations of Manufactures of Diesel-Powered Off-Road Equipment. The California Superior Court has approved either of the following
two methods of compliance with Proposition 65 requirements by manufactures of off-road equipment containing diesel engines. (The court
order containing these provisions is attached.)
1. On-Equipment Warning. Place the warning pictured in attachment 1 on all equipment shipped by you into or for sale in California after
January 1, 1996. The warning must be in a location where it is easily visible to the operator of the equipment when (s)he is operating the
equipment. The warning must be secured to the equipment. If warnings or operating instructions are provided through a digital display,
you may usee that method of providing warning.
2. Operator Manual Warning. When the operator manual is next revised or by December 31, 1995 whichever is earlier, place the warning
in attachment 2 in the operator manual. The warning may be either printed in the manual or on a sticker.
The warning must appear in one of the following locations:
●
●
●
●
●
Inside The front cover
Inside the back cover
Outside the front cover
Outside the back cover
As the first page of text
Under either alternative, the warning must appear in the same size, print and format as the attachment selected or be of an equally conspicuous
size and format. If the warning is provided in an on-screen display, the warning must contain the language in the attachment and must be
provided at the time of or in connection with ignition in the same manner as other safety warnings electronically communicated on screen.
Obligation of Resellers of Diesel Engines. This letter must accompany any loose diesel engine sold in California.
Should you have any questions, please call Deutz Corporation Product Support Department.
en
Service
en
Knowing it’s DEUTZ
Order-No.: 0312 0806
DEUTZ has always stood for excellence in motor
construction, pioneering many developments in
the industry. As an independent motor manufacturer, we offer — worldwide — a comprehensive range of diesel and gas motors
spanning from 4kW to 7,400kW. Our products are
perfectly tailored to meet our customers’ individual
requirements.
Over 1.4 million DEUTZ motors do their job
reliably all over the world. We are determined to
preserve the high standard of performance and
dependability of our motors, thus keeping our
customers satisfied at all times. Therefore we are
represented worldwide through a network of highly
competent service partners who will meet the
needs of our customers, wherever they are.
This is why DEUTZ is not only the name for motors
which pack a lot of inventive genius. DEUTZ also
means reliable service and comprehensive support
to enhance your motor’s performance.
This index Sales & Service offers you an overview
of the DEUTZ partners in your vicinity, including the
products for which they are responsible and the
range of services provided. But even when no direct
product responsibility is mentioned, your DEUTZ
partner will be happy to help you with expert advice.
Order-No.: 0312 0807 (CD-ROM)
Obtainable from the local service Partner reponsible
for you or from:
DEUTZ AG
Deutz-Mülheimer Str. 147-149
D-51057 Köln
Phone: 0049-221-822-0
Telefax: 0049-221-822-5304
Telex: 8812-0 khd d
http://www.deutz.de
The Index is constantly updated. Please ask your
DEUTZ service partner for the latest edition.
DEUTZ AG — at your service.
englisch
10
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