Micom | 3T | Specifications | Micom 3T Specifications

MICOM-H
HF-SSB Transceiver
Amateur Mobile/Base Radio
Owner’s Guide
Draft – October 2000
68MB000023
Mobat Communications Ltd. 2000
All rights reserved
Table of Contents
Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Technical Specifications
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .x
Military and Industrial Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
FCC Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
Information for Safe, Efficient Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xiii
Exposure to Radio Frequency Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii
Guidelines and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv
Restrictions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv
Before You Begin
............................................................................1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
The MICOM-H HF-SSB Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Options and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Frequency Sources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Power Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
CW Keying Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Radio Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
i
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
The Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Radio Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Icon Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
The Rear Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Beeps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Basic Radio Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Function Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Predetermined Numeric Value Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Toggle Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Up/Down Scroll Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Scanning Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Transmission/Reception Quality Aids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Conventions in this Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Display Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Radio Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Basic Radio Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
PTT Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Bandwidth Filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Channel Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Channel Mode Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Frequency Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
VFO Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Frequency Mode Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Storing Frequencies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Scan Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Scan Mode Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Using the BITE (Built-In Test Equipment) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Locking the Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
ii
Display Brightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Programming Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Display Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Radio Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Programming Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Copying Channel Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Erasing a Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Transmission Power Level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Channel Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Band Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Operating Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Automatic Gain Control (AGC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Bandwidths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Radio Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Baud Rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Data Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Microphone Side Tone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Accessory Side Tone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
PTT Release Beep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Keyboard Beep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Tone Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Alternate Display Time-out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Attenuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
CW Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Receive Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Display Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Setting the Radio Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Tuner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Accessory Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
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Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Preventative Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
System Integrity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Periodic Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Using BITE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Maintenance Error Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Installation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Planning the Installation of your Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Base Station Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Mobile Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Mobile Mounting Kit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
DC Power Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Microphone Clip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Final Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
External Speaker Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Operational Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Microphone Connector J1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Antenna Connector J2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Accessory Connector J3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
DC Connector J4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Reduction of Vehicular Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
List of Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . lxiii
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
iv
Acronyms
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
AGC
Automatic Gain Control
AME
Amplitude Modulation Equivalent
ARQ
Automatic Repeat Request
BITE
Built-In Test Equipment
CW
Continuous Wave
DSP
Digital Signal Processing
DTCXO
Digitally Temperature Controlled Crystal Oscillator
FEC
Forward Error Correction
FSK
Frequency Shift Keying
GND
Ground
HF
High Frequency
HSM
High Speed Modem
LED
Light Emitting Diode
LSB
Lower Side Band
LSM
Low Speed Modem
MCW
Modulated Continuous Wave
OCXO
Oven Controlled Crystal Oscillator
PEP
Peak Envelope Power
PLL
Phase Lock Loop
PTT
Push To Talk
RGC
Receiver Gain Control
RSS
Radio Service Software
RTTY
Radio Telex Teletype
SINAD
Signal to Signal Noise Distortion Ratio
SSB
Single Side Band
ULQ
Update Link Quality
USB
Upper Side Band
VFO
Variation Frequency Offset
VSWR
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
XMIT
Transmit
v
Acronyms
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
vi
Technical Specifications
General
The general technical specifications of the MICOM-H are:
Model Number
M82AMN0KV5-K
Frequency range
Receiver: 100 kHz-30.000 MHz
Transmit:1.800-1.999999 MHz
3.500-3.999999 MHz
7.000-7.300 MHz, 10.100-10.150 MHz
14.000-14.350 MHz, 18.068-18.168 MHz
21.000-21.450 MHz, 24.890-24.990 MHz
28.000-29.700 MHz
Number of channels
200; user programmable; simplex or half duplex
Scanning
5 groups with up to 100 channels per group
Frequency stability
0.6 PPM (0.1 PPM optional)
Frequency drift (aging)
1 PPM per year
Synthesizer lock time
10 msec max.
Frequency resolution
10 Hz
Audio bandwidths @ -6dB Voice & Data:
350-2100 Hz, 350-2700 Hz,
350-3000 Hz, 350-3300 Hz
CW:
775-1025 Hz, 650-1150 Hz, 500-1300 Hz
Low speed data: 1450 to 1950 Hz
Operating temperature
range
-30°C to +60°C
Humidity
95% @ 50°C
Operating voltage
13.8 V DC ± 20% Neg. Ground
VFO
VFO operation
Current drain @ 13.8 VDC: Receive
Key down
Dimensions and weight
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
Transmit
Squelch
Full Audio
Voice
2 Tone 1 Tone
1.7A
2.5A
14A
23A
Height
Width
mm/inch mm/inch
Depth
mm/inch
Weight
Kg/Lb.
92/3.7
270/10.7
5.7/12.5
302/11.9
28A
vii
Technical Specifications
Options
The following operational options can be added to the MICOM-H:
High stability oscillator
Enables frequency stability of 0.1 PPM.
(Hardware option).
Noise Blanker
Helps to eliminate noise resulting from motor
interference.
Remote control
Connection of the radio to a remote PC with radio
controlled software.
Accessory Stop Scan
Enables stopping and resuming normal scanning
from the accessory connector.
RS232 remote control interface –
Accessories
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
Linear amplifier interface
–
Phone patch interface
–
Data/Fax modem interface
–
MicomNet-internet gateway
–
Interlink interface
–
24 VDC operation
–
The following accessories can be added to the MICOM-H
CW key and headphones
–
Phone patch
–
Interlink (FM-HF repeater)
–
Automatic Antenna Tuner
–
Continuous duty kit
–
AC power supply
–
Antennas and grounding kit
–
Data/fax modem
–
Mobile mounting kit
–
Desk Microhone
–
viii
Technical Specifications
Transmitter
The MICOM-H transmits signals in accordance witht the following specifications:
Output power
125W P.E.P. and average
Reduced power levels
25W, 62W, 100W (RSS programmable)
Audio bandwidth ripple
3 dB
Intermodulation
-31 dB/P.E.P (-35 dB/P.E.P Typical*)
Harmonic emissions
-64 dB/P.E.P (-70 dB/P.E.P Typical*)
Spurious emissions
-64 dB/P.E.P (-70 dB/P.E.P Typical*)
Carrier suppression
-50 dB/P.E.P
Undesired sideband
suppression
-55 dB/P.E.P
Audio distortion
2.5%
1/2 power microphone
sensitivity
25 to 125 mV (RMS)/600 Ohms
Hum & ripple
-50 dB
Inband noise
-60 dB (30 Hz BW)
Tx/Rx switching time
10 msec
*.
range.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
Values noted as “Typical” are valid over 90% or more of the frequency
ix
Technical Specifications
Receiver
The MICOM-H receives signals in accordance witht the following specifications:
Sensitivity (SINAD) SSB
(voice)
0.5 mV for 10 dB SINAD (0.35 mV Typical)*
0.1 - 1.6 MHz reduced performance
1/2 rated power sensitivity
1 mV for 2.5W audio @ speaker
Selectivity
-6 dB @ 350 to 2700 Hz
-60 dB @ -1 kHz; +4 kHz
Image rejection
-80 dB
IF rejection
-85 dB
Undesired sideband rejection -55 dB @ -1 kHz
Spurious rejection
-80 dB
Cross modulation rejection
-100 dB @ 100 kHz
Desensitization
-100 dB @ 100 kHz
Reciprocal mixing
-100 dB @ 100 kHz
Audio power @ speaker
5W @ 2.5% distortion
RGC range
5mV-1V (2 dB change in output level)
RGC time constants
Attack time 10 msec
Release time 1500 msec
CW/Data
Attack time 10 msec
Release time 10 msec
Squelch
Constant SINAD (digital)
RIT variable range (Clarifier)
±200 Hz in 10 Hz steps
Preselector sections
Sub-octave (1.6 MHz to 30 MHz range)
Maximum antenna input
20 kV maximum transient, 100V RMS for 2
minutes
*.
range.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
Voice
Values noted as “Typical” are valid over 90% or more of the frequency
x
Technical Specifications
Military and
Industrial
Standards
The MICOM-H meets the following US military and industrial standard requirement
for adverse environmental conditions (without the need of external shock mounts)
Environmental
Condition
US Military
STD 810C
US Military
STD 810D
US Military
STD 810E
Vibration
Method 514.2
Method 514.3
Method 514.4
Shock
516.2
516.3
516.4
Rain
506.1
506.2
506.3
Dust
510.1
510.2
510.3
Salt Fog
509.1
509.2
509.3
The MICOM-H also meets the EIA-RS152B for shock, vibration and applicable test
procedures, US FCC for channel occupancy, spurious, interference and frequency
tolerance. It is manufactured according to the demanding standards of ISO 9000 and
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility).
FCC Information
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
The following FCC information is applicable for theMICOM-H:
Emissions
J3E, R3E, H3E, J2A, J2B
FCC applicable parts of rules
15, 18, 90
FCC type acceptance number
ABZ9QCC1635
With high stability option
ABZ9QCC1634
xi
Technical Specifications
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
xii
Information for Safe, Efficient Operation
Exposure to
Radio Frequency
Energy
In August 1996, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) adopted updated
RF energy exposure guidelines for wireless products regulated by the FCC. These
guidelines are consistent with the safety standards previously set by both U.S. and
international standards bodies. The design of your Motorola radio complies with the
FCC guidelines and these standards:
■
American National Standards Institute (C95.1-1992)
■
National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
NCRP-1986)
■
International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection
(ICNRP-1986).
To assure optimal radio performance and to ensure that exposure to RF energy is
within the guidelines in the above standards, install antennas correctly, following
recommended installation procedures.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
xiii
Information for Safe, Efficient Operation
Guidelines and
Warnings
Symbols
!
Warning
!
The Warning symbol denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure
or practice that could result in personal injury, damage to the radio or
loss of programmed information, if not performed correctly.
The Important symbol denotes a procedure or practice to which a
particular attention should be paid.
Important
The Note symbol calls your attention to additional information.
Note
Restrictions
Because this radio contains a transmitter, federal law prohibits unauthorized, nonlicensed personnel from adjusting or maintaining it. If any operational difficulties
should arise while using this product, report them to authorized service personnel as
soon as possible.
!
Do not attempt any unauthorized modification to the radio.
Warning
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
xiv
Before You Begin
This manual is designed to acquaint you with the features, care, and installation of
your radio, to better serve your communication needs.
The manual includes general descriptions as well as step-by-step procedures.
Before you begin using the radio, we recommend that you read the following
chapters:
■
Overview
■
Getting Started
■
Operating Instructions
Theoretical explanations are included in Overview, and later sections of this manual
assume familiarity with these functions.
Basic aspects of radio use, for instance keypad functionality, are covered in detail in
Getting Started. Later sections of this manual assume familiarity with such
functions, and do not repeat instructions for common actions.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
1
Before You Begin
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
2
Overview
Overview
Welcome to the Motorola HF-SSB radio family! Your choice of a MICOM-H radio
means that you have selected the highest of standards in design, quality, and
performance.
The compact sized MICOM-H is an advanced ruggedized Digital Signal Processing
(DSP) HF all-band transceiver intended for very wide area radio communications. It
combines sophisticated voice, data, fax and e-mail solutions with a high signal
quality and reliability, while remaining very simple to operate.
The MICOM-H
HF-SSB Radio
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
Your radio includes the following features:
■
Scanning wheel
■
VFO operation
■
Ruggedized mobile/fixed
transceiver
■
Adaptable internal configuration
options
■
High MBTF
■
Security access code
■
Variable bandwidth for optimal
signal processing
■
Multi-language Liquid Crystal
Display (LCD)
■
Digital Signal Processing (DSP)
■
Built-In Test Equipment (BITE)
■
Selectable front-end attenuator
■
Enhanced voice quality
■
Excellent frequency stability
■
Selectable power output
■
Small size, light weight
■
Variable notch filter
■
Sub-octave pre-selector
■
Front panel programming
■
RF power indicator
■
Voice-activated digital squelch
■
Programmable channel scan
■
Priority and guard channels
■
Automatic IF shift
■
Digital noise blanking and clarifier
■
Excellent transmitter and receiver
performance
■
200-channel capacity, simplex or
half-duplex
■
Conforms to MIL-STD 810 and EIA
specifications
■
Complies with ISO 9001
requirements
■
Meets FCC and EMC standards
3
Overview
Options and
Accessories
Transmission
You can add the following operational options and/or accessories to your radio:
■
High frequency stability option
■
RS232 remote control interface
■
Linear amplifier interface
■
Phone patch interface
■
Data/fax modem interface
■
Interlink interface
■
RSS for PC
■
High (0.1 PPM) frequency stability
■
Phone patch
■
Interlink
■
Automatic antenna tuners
■
Continuous duty data trans. kit
■
AC power supply
■
1 KW amplifier
■
Antennas and grounding
■
Data/fax modems
■
CW key and headphones
■
24V Operation kit
The maximum output power of the transmitter is 125W PEP (Peak Envelope Power),
with an average transmission duty cycle of 1 to 4, thus enabling even the CW
(Continues Wave) signal to be transmitted at the maximum available power. Output
power can be preprogrammed to one of four possible levels: 25W, 62W, 100W and
125W. Accurate sensors are used to keep the output power within the nominal value.
The radio includes mismatch protection. If the VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio)
rises to more than 2:1, the transmitter is inhibited in order to avoid any damage and a
relevant message is displayed.
The transmitter is thermally protected. If the transmitter internal temperature
exceeds the maximum permitted temperature, the output power is automatically
reduced to avoid any fault due to excessive heat.
Reception
The radio utilizes Digital Signal Processing (DSP) to implement reception functions
such as demodulation, narrow filtering, automatic gain control, noise blanking and
squelch.
The automatic digital noise blanker is activated whenever repetitive noise (e.g.
ignition spikes) is encountered in the received signal. The digital syllabic (speech
identifier) squelch is activated whenever speech is identified, thus opening the audio
path. However, if speech is not received, the audio path is muted, thus preventing
background noise from disturbing the operator.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
4
Overview
Frequency Sources
Two types of frequency sources are available for the MICOM-H radio. The standard
0.6 PPM DTCXO frequency source which assures a frequency stability of better than
±18Hz. For frequencies lower than 10 MHz, it assures a frequency stability of better
than ±6 Hz.
When higher frequency stability is required, the G478 0.1 PPM OCXO frequency
source can be ordered. It will assure a frequency stability of better than ±3 Hz at
30 MHz.
Power Sources
The radio is designed for 13.8 V±20% negative-ground operation and may be
connected to a standard 12 V battery, or with the optional kit to a power supply of
24V±25%.
CW Keying
Operation
When the CW key is pressed, the radio transmits a continuous wave (at the full
programmed power) and stops transmission when the key is released.
CW keying operation is enabled by connecting the Morse key between CW (pin #10)
and ground (pin #18) at the accessory connector. If you wish to operate CW keying
with external headphones, use the CW cable supplied with the radio. This will enable
a standard PL55 headphone and standard PL99 Morse key to be connected to the
accessories connector.
Radio Programming
The following radio features can be programmed:
■
Up to 200 simplex/half duplex channels at SSB (J3E), AME (H3E), or Pilot (R3E)
modes of transmission.
■
Up to four levels of output power (up to 125W PEP and average).
■
Five scanning groups of up to 200 channels, each with a guard channel.
Most radio functions can be programmed directly from the front panel of the radio as
described in the Radio Programming chapter.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
5
Overview
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
6
Getting Started
The Front Panel
The MICOM-H includes a 5W external speaker and a scanning wheel, as well as the
following controls:
ON/OFF Volume Knob
Turns radio on and off and
controls the speaker volume.
External 5W
Speaker
Tx Indicator
Lights up when
radio is transmitting.
Keyboard Lock Indicator
Lights up when radio
is controlled from a
remote PC.
Display
Three-line LCD display
showing alphanumeric data,
and icons.
Mode function keys
MENU
Displays the main menu.
ESC
Cancels the last action
and reverts to the
previous screen.
ENTER
Saves the selection
and/or value.
Up/Down Keys
Used to scroll
values
Function Keys
Keypad
Activate different
functions as
displayed above
A set of keys
used to enter data.
Microphone Connector
More Key
Connector for a PTT
microphone
Displays additional menu
options when an arrow appears
at the bottom right of the display.
Figure 1: Radio Front Panel
LED Indicators
The LEDs, located on the left hand-side of the control head, indicate radio operating
conditions (from left to right):
Color
LED
Indicates
Yellow
Remote control
Keyboard lock
Orange
Red
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
(not used)
Tx
Transmission
7
Getting Started
Radio Display
Line 2: Information Field
Tx/Rx Bar
Provides information on the
current action or mode and
displays various messages.
Indicates that the
radio is transmitting
or receiving.
Line 1: Mode/Status
Icon Indicators
Rx/Tx Level
Shows the current mode
or radio status.
Indicate active options
for reception/
transmission.
Displays the
output/received
power level.
Line 3: Function Key Names
Function Key Indicator
These arrows indicate the
available function keys (F1,
F2, F3, or F4), located below
the arrows .
Icon Indicators
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
A list of options available
in the current mode.
The option is selected by
pressing the relevant function
key (F1, F2, F3, F4).
More Indicator
Indicates that the menu
includes additional
functions. Press the MORE
key to display the next four
function keys.
There are nine icons that can appear in the upper right area of the display.
The icons appear in the following order:
Upper Side
Band
Squelch
active
Noise Blanker
active
Lower Side
Band
Monitoring
off
Clarifier
in use
Notch Filter
active
Automatic Gain
Control –
Fast or Off
Non-standard
Bandwidth
Filter
8
Getting Started
The Rear Panel
The rear panel of the MICOM-H includes the following connectors:
Accessory Connector (J3)
Antenna
Socket
Beeps
25-pin connector for external
accessories such as PC’s, modems,
Morse key devices, etc.
Ground Screw
DC Connector (J4)
Used to ground the radio
to the vehicle in a mobile
installation.
Power input connector.
The MICOM-H can be set to beep when the keys on the front panel are pressed,
indicating that the key press has been registered. A different beep can be heard when
the PTT button of the remote radio is released, indicating that the other party to the
call has completed transmission and that you can now transmit.
You can enable or disable these beeps, and can set their volume (PTBP and KBBP
functions in Radio Programming).
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
9
Getting Started
Basic Radio
Operations
Function Keys
The function keys (F1, F2, F3, F4) are used to select a wide variety of options, which
depend on the current radio mode. An acronym or abbreviation denoting the current
function is displayed in the bottom line of the display, above the relevant key.
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
F1
ST O R ER AS P WR
F2
F3
F4
If a certain function key is not available (for instance if the radio is locked), the space
above the key will remain blank, and the key will not function.
Predetermined
Numeric Value Mode
When there is a parameter for which there are
predetermined values, F1 enters the lowest possible value
(minimum or OFF); F4 enters the highest possible value and
F2 and F3 increment or decrement the value.
PROG
ADT - 3 SEC
1
10
You can not use the keypad to enter the value for this type of parameter.
Toggle Mode
When the function being set is a yes/no toggle, one function
key will be YES and another NO.
PROG
T U N ER - N O
YE S
NO
Up/Down Scroll Keys The UP /DOW N scroll keys are used to scroll between values that are already
programmed into the radio.
For example, in Channel mode you can view the programmed channels:
A single keypress on the UP /DOW N scroll keys displays the next or previous channel
respectively; pressing either key continuously browses among the channels, four
channels per second.
In Frequency mode the UP /DOW N scroll keys are used to change the frequency.
When programming, you can use the UP /DOW N scroll keys to scroll between the
different programmable parameters.
Scanning Wheel
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
The scanning wheel is used to scan the available frequencies. It can also be used
instead of the UP /DOW N scroll keys to scroll between values that are already
programmed into the radio.
10
Getting Started
Transmission/
Reception
Quality Aids
The MICOM-H offers you a variety of aids which can be used in different
circumstances to improve the quality of transmission/reception. When these options
are activated, the appropriate icon appears in the icon display.
Squelch
When Squelch is activated, the radio switches the speaker on only when it identifies
speech, silencing reception noise at all other times.
Noise Blanker
Reduces repetitive cyclic noise such as motor interference when the radio is working
in a vehicle.
Clarifier
When there is a deviation in the frequency of the broadcasting radio, the receive
frequency can be modified using the clarifier.
Notch Filter
When an undesired continuous tone is evident in reception, the Notch Filter can
eliminate that specific tone, retaining all other tones.
Non-Standard Bandwidth Filter
Adapts the reception/transmission bandwidth in accordance with the type of signal
received/transmitted.
Automatic Gain Control Fast/Off
The Fast AGC function can be used for receiving certain types of data in order to
prevent data distortion. When receiving a voice message, the AGC should be set to
slow (icon not displayed).
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
11
Getting Started
Conventions in
this Manual
Procedures
Procedures are step-by-step instructions that tell you how to operate specific aspects
of the radio. Procedures in this manual have a bold-face heading beginning with the
word “To...”.
Steps are accompanied by a representation of the radio’s display, to the right of the
step. These representations always reflect the state of the radio display after the
relevant step has been made.
When front panel keys are to be pressed to execute a step, the keys are highlighted in
this manner: ENTER . When function keys are used, the function itself, as displayed
on the screen, is highlighted, in this manner: CHAN (F1).
When you can perform a step in more than one way, you will see the word “or” on its
own line, and then an alternate method of performing the step.
When a procedure begins with a series of steps common to all procedures in that
section, the series of steps is represented in an abbreviated manner, with a > sign
indicating the next step.
For instance, the following string represents five key presses:
MENU > MO RE > PROG (F 2 ) > RAD (F 1 ) > CHAN (F 1 ).
Display
Representation
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
The display is presented in schematic form. The icons are
enlarged in order to facilitate easy identification, so that they
do not represent the actual position of the icon on the radio
display.
CH 1
BW 2.7
2 .1
2 .7
3 .0
3 .3
12
Radio Operation
This chapter provides instructions on operation of the MICOM-H, and includes
subjects such as turning the radio on, transmitting and receiving, channel mode,
frequency mode, scan mode, built in test equipment, radio locking, display language
and display brightness.
Basic Radio
Procedures
To turn the radio on:
Turn the ON/OFF/VOLUME knob clockwise until
it clicks.
The words SELF TEST are displayed for about three seconds.
S EL F TE S T
When the self-test procedure is completed, the display enters
the last operating mode used: CH, SCAN, or FREQ.
CH 1
F 2,000.00
If the self-test procedure fails, the first line indicates the
error number. The second line blinks, with a short
description of the error (see page 48 for a list of error
messages).
ERR01
D S P FA I L
BA ND SQ
D SP
Use the UP/DOWN keys to scroll to additional messages, if any.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
13
Radio Operation
To Transmit:
Before transmitting, ensure that the RF output of the radio is
connected to a tuned antenna or to a dummy load.
Note
To transmit, press and hold down the Push-To-Talk (PTT) button on the side of the
handset and speak slowly and clearly. This method of transmission is used regardless
of the type of transmission (voice, data or Morse), and regardless of whether you are
in Channel, Frequency or Scan mode.
The Tx LED will remain lit until the PTT button is released to indicate that you are
transmitting.
When you press the PTT button, the RF power and Tx bar are displayed.
Tx bar
max
forward
power
reverse
power
min
To Receive:
The default radio mode is Receive mode.
You can program the radio to display an Rx bar similar to the Tx bar, see “Receive
Level” (page 44).
PTT Types
The radio can receive and transmit four different types of PTT:
Data PTT, Voice PTT, CW PTT or MIC PTT.
The radio automatically identifies the transmitted PTT type according to the type of
device connected to the accessory port, and identifies MIC if a microphone is
connected to the front panel.
When using CW PTT, the squelch should be set to OFF.
Note
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
14
Radio Operation
Bandwidth Filters
Unless a particular filter is set for the current channel, the radio retains the
previously used filter. When a new type of call is received or sent, the bandwidth filter
changes automatically, depending on the PTT source (voice, data or CW), and the
programmed bandwidth for the channel being used.
Bandwidth set to:
Filter changes after:
LSM (data modem)
first data PTT
2.1 K (voice + data)
microphone or voice PTT
2.7 K (voice + data)
microphone or voice PTT
3.0 K (voice + data)
microphone or voice PTT
3.3 K (voice + data)
microphone or voice PTT
CW (Morse)
first CW PTT
When the bandwidth filter is set to CW, the following CW bandwidths can be set in
the radio’s Programming mode, see “CW Operation” (page 44):
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
■
0.25 K
■
0.5 K
■
0.8 K
15
Radio Operation
Channel Mode
Channel mode is used to select a channel which is already programmed in the radio,
in order to transmit/receive calls on that channel.
You can also operate a variety of functions and options to facilitate good
transmission and reception.
To choose a channel:
Note
In order to choose the priority channel, you must be in Channel mode. To enter
channel mode, press MENU > CHAN (F1) and confirm by pressing ENTER.
To access the priority channel preprogrammed by the RSS, press ESC
momentarily.
1. If you are not in Channel mode, press MENU to display
MENU
the menu screen, and press CHAN (F1).
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
The last active channel number is displayed, blinking.
CH 1
2. If you wish to use the displayed channel, press ENTER.
OR
Select a channel by pressing the UP/DOWN keys until you
reach the required channel, or use the keypad to enter the
channel number.
CH 2
BAC K CL R
The channel number blinks, indicating that the selection has not yet been
confirmed.
Note
If you enter a channel that is not programmed, a “NOT PROG”
message appears. To program a new channel, see
“Programming Channels” (page 32), or use the RSS software.
3. When the desired channel is displayed, press ENTER to confirm your choice.
To transmit in Channel mode:
1. If you are not in Channel mode, press MENU to display
MENU
the menu screen, and press CHAN (F1).
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Choose a channel (see above).
3. To initiate transmission, press the PTT button.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
16
Radio Operation
Channel Mode
Options
In Channel mode, you can operate functions and options to eliminate noise and
assist reception and/or transmission. The icon display reflects the options selected.
The change of channel options is temporary. When you next change the
currently used channel, all current parameters will be lost.
Note
TXM (F1) enables you to view and listen to the channel
transmit frequency (visible for duplex and Tx only channels).
BAND (F2) toggles between upper side band (USB) and
lower side band (LSB).
CH 1
BAND LSB
TXM
SQ (F3) toggles the squelch
(on/off).
D SP
CH 1
SQUELCH ON
TXM
DSP (F4) accesses the Digital Signal Processing menu,
which includes:
BA ND SQ
BA ND SQ
D SP
CH 1
D S P PA R A M
C LA R N F
C L IP
• CLAR (F1) clarifier
(off/less/more)
* not available for Tx Only channels
CH 1
CLAR +100
• NF (F2) notch filter
(off/less/more)
* not available for CW or Tx Only channels
CH 1
NF ––
• CLIP (F3) clipper
(on/off)
CH 1
C L I P – O FF
NB
OFF
––
OFF
C LA R N F
C L IP
• NB (F4) noise blanker
(on/off)
* optional, to be purchased separately
CH 1
• ATTN (MORE, F2) attenuator
(on/off).
CH 1
ATT E N – O FF
NB
NB – ON
C LA R N F
C L IP
NB
ATTN
PWR (MORE, F1) power level selection
(low, med, high or max).
CH 1
POWER LOW
LOW
MODE (MORE, F2) operation mode selection
(SSB, AME or PLT).
(fast/slow/off).
(2.1 K, 2.7 K, 3.0 K, 3.3 K, LSM or CW;
CW includes bandwidths 0.25 K, 0.5 K and 0.8 K,
see “CW Operation” (page 44)).
RCLV (MORE, MORE, F1) displays the reception level
when F1 is pressed.
*If the reception is programmed as OFF, this option does
not appear, see “Receive Level” (page 44).
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
MA X
AM E
PLT
CH 1
A G C FA ST
PW R
BW (MORE, F4) bandwidth selection
H IG H
CH 1
M O D E S SB
SS B
AGC (MORE, F3) automatic gain control
ME D
MODE AG C
BW
CH 1
BW 3.3
2 .1
2 .7
3 .0
3 .3
CH 1
F 10,000.00
R CLV
17
Radio Operation
Frequency Mode
Frequency mode is used to receive and transmit on a specific frequency. You can
select the frequency type, change the frequency being used, and operate a variety of
functions and options to facilitate good transmission and reception. You can also
store the frequency in a channel of your choice.
– Frequency mode is accessible only if the radio is not locked.
Notes
– When setting a new frequency, use the * key on the keypad as a
decimal point.
There are four frequency types:
■
SMPX (Simplex Frequency) – the same frequency is used for transmission and
reception. The frequency can not be zero.
■
DPLX (Duplex Frequency) – transmits on one frequency and receives on a
different frequency. The frequencies can not be zero.
■
RXO (Receiving Only Frequency) – defines a frequency for reception only.
■
TXO (Transmitting Only Frequency) – defines a frequency for transmission only.
The available frequency ranges are:
Reception:
100 kHz-30.000 MHz
Transmision: 1.800-1.999999 MHz
3.500-3.999999 MHz
7.000-7.300 MHz, 10.100-10.150 MHz
14.000-14.350 MHz, 18.068-18.168 MHz
21.000-21.450 MHz, 24.890-24.990 MHz
28.000-29.700 MHz
To enter frequency mode:
1. Press MENU to display the Menu screen.
MENU
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Press FREQ (F2). The last active frequency blinks, and
the frequency type is displayed in the top line.
SMPX
F 10,000.00
SMP X D PL X R XO
TX O
The letter preceding the frequency in the second line of the display indicates
whether the frequency is Transmission (T), Reception (R) or both transmission
and reception (F).
3. If you wish to use the displayed frequency and frequency type, press ENTER.
OR
Change the frequency type and the frequency as required (see “To change the
current frequency/frequencies” (page 19)).
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
18
Radio Operation
To change the current frequency/frequencies:
1. If you are not in frequency mode, press MENU to access
MENU
the menu screen, and press FREQ (F2).
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
The last active frequency blinks, and the frequency type
is displayed in the top line.
SMPX
F 10,000.00
SMP X D PL X R XO
TX O
OR
If you are already in frequency mode, press MORE until
the T/R function appears above the F1 function key, and
press T/R (F1).
F R EQ
R 15,000.00
The current frequency type is displayed in the top line,
and the used frequencies are displayed.
DPLX
R 15,000.00
T/R
BA ND SQ
SMP X D PL X R XO
D SP
TX O
2. If necessary, change the frequency type by pressing the
relevant function key:
SMPX (F1), DPLX (F2), RXO (F3) or TXO (F4).
Different frequency types may have default frequency setting which
will appear automatically when that frequency type is selected.
Note
3. If you are using SMPX, RXO or TXO frequency type, and you wish to use the
displayed frequency, press ENTER.
OR use the scanning wheel, keypad or UP/DOWN keys to enter a new frequency.
The frequency number blinks, indicating that the
selection has not yet been confirmed.
Press ENTER to confirm your choice.
SMPX
F 12,345.67
4. If you are using DPLX frequency type, the frequency
DPLX
R 15,000.00
displayed first is the Rx frequency. If you want to use the
displayed frequency, press ENTER.
BA CK C L R
SMP X D PL X R XO
TX O
OR use the scanning wheel, keypad or UP/DOWN keys to enter a new frequency.
The frequency number blinks, indicating that the
selection has not yet been confirmed
Press ENTER to confirm your choice.
DPLX
R 3,568.20
After confirmation of the Rx frequency, the display blinks
with the Tx frequency. If you want to use the displayed Tx
frequency, press ENTER.
DPLX
T 14,000.00
BA CK C L R
SMP X D PL X R XO
TX O
OR use the scanning wheel, keypad or UP/DOWN keys to enter a new frequency.
The frequency number blinks, indicating that the
selection has not yet been confirmed.
Press ENTER to confirm your choice.
DPLX
T 21,468.13
5. Press ENTER to confirm the frequency type and the
F R EQ
R 30,000.00
frequencies you have set.
BA CK C L R
T/R
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
BA ND SQ
D SP
19
Radio Operation
VFO Operation
VFO (Variation Frequency Offset) is available in Simplex mode, and enables you to
operate simultaneously on two different channels (A and B).
Using the A/B function, you can “freeze” the frequency of channel A, switch to
channel B and return to channel A again.
Using the A=B option, you can copy the frequency in the current channel to the
alternate channel.
1. If you are not in frequency mode, press MENU to access
MENU
the menu screen, and press FREQ (F2).
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
The last active frequency blinks, and the frequency type
is displayed in the top line.
SMPX
F 10,000.00
SMP X D PL X R XO
TX O
OR
If you are already in frequency mode, press MORE until
the T/R function appears above the F1 function key, and
press T/R (F1).
F R EQ
R 15,000.00
The current frequency type is displayed in the top line,
and the used frequencies are displayed.
DPLX
R 15,000.00
T/R
BA ND SQ
SMP X D PL X R XO
D SP
TX O
2. If necessary, change the frequency type to Simplex
by pressing SMPX (F1).
3. If you wish to use the displayed frequency, press ENTER.
OR use the scanning wheel, keypad or UP/DOWN keys to
enter a new frequency.
The frequency number blinks, indicating that the
selection has not yet been confirmed.
When the desired frequency is displayed,
press ENTER to confirm your choice.
4. Press MORE until the A/B and A=B functions appear
above the F1 and F2 function keys.
SMPX
F 12,345.67
BA CK C L R
F R Q -A
F 7,000.00
T/R
Press A/B (F1) to alternate between the two channels.
Press A=B (F2) to copy the frequency of the current
channel to the alternate channel.
Press <-- (F3) and --> (F4) to move the cursor backwards
and forwards.
BA ND SQ
D SP
F R Q -A
F 7,000.00
A/ B
A= B
When these arrows are used in conjunction with the scaning wheel or the UP/
DOWN scroll keys, the frequency scrolls according to the location of the cursor,
enabling you to change the frequency with greater ease.
For instance, if the frequency is 7,500.54 and the cursor is F R EQ
at the hundreds location (7,_00.54), pressing the scaning R 7 , _ 0 0 . 5 4
A/ B
A= B
wheel or the UP/DOWN scroll keys will scroll the
hundreds values to 7,400.54; 7,600.54; 7,700.54 and so on.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
20
Radio Operation
Frequency Mode
Options
In Frequency mode, you can operate functions and options to eliminate noise and
assist reception and/or transmission. The icon display reflects the options selected.
T/R (F1) sets the transmit and receive frequencies and
frequency type.
F R EQ
R 15,000.00
T/R
BAND (F2) toggles between upper side band (USB) and
lower side band (LSB).
(on/off).
BA ND SQ
D SP
F R EQ
SQUELCH ON
TXM
DSP (F4) accesses the Digital Signal Processing menu,
which includes:
D SP
F R EQ
BAND LSB
T/R
SQ (F3) toggles the squelch
BA ND SQ
BA ND SQ
D SP
F R EQ
D S P PA R A M
C LA R N F
C L IP
• CLAR (F1) clarifier
(off/less/more)
* not available for Tx Only channels
F R EQ
CLAR +100
• NF (F2) notch filter
(off/less/more)
* not available for CW or Tx Only channels
F R EQ
NF ––
• CLIP (F3) clipper
(on/off)
F R EQ
CLIP – ON
NB
OFF
––
OFF
C LA R N F
C L IP
• NB (F4) noise blanker
(on/off)
* optional, to be purchased separately
F R EQ
• ATTN (MORE, F2) attenuator
(on/off).
F R EQ
ATT E N – O FF
NB
NB – ON
C LA R N F
C L IP
NB
ATTN
PWR (MORE, F1) power level selection
(low, med, high or max).
F R EQ
POWER HIGH
LOW
MODE (MORE, F2) operation mode selection
(SSB, AME or PLT).
(fast/slow/off).
H IG H
AM E
PLT
F R EQ
A G C FA ST
PW R
MODE AG C
BW (MORE, F4) bandwidth selection
(2.1 K, 2.7 K, 3.0 K, 3.3 K, LSM or CW;
CW includes bandwidths 0.25 K, 0.5 K and 0.8 K,
see “CW Operation” (page 44)).
F R EQ
BW 3.0
RCLV (MORE, MORE, F1) displays the reception level
F R EQ
F 10,000.00
when F1 is pressed.
*If the reception is programmed as OFF, this option does
not appear, see “Receive Level” (page 44).
STOR (MORE, MORE, F2) stores the frequency
parameters in the selected channel.
MA X
F R EQ
MODE PILOT
SS B
AGC (MORE, F3) automatic gain control
ME D
2 .1
2 .7
3 .0
BW
3 .3
R CLV STO R
F R EQ
R 15,000
R CLV STO R
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
21
Radio Operation
Storing Frequencies
You can store specific frequencies and frequency parameters in channels which you
have programmed (see “Programming Channels” (page 32)).
To store a frequency in a channel:
1. If you are not in Frequency mode, press MENU to display
MENU
the Menu screen.
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Press FREQ (F2).
The last active frequency blinks, and the frequency type
is displayed in the top line.
SMPX
F 10,000.00
SMP X D PL X R XO
TX O
3. If you wish to use the displayed frequency and frequency type, press ENTER. If
the Frequency type is Duplex, press ENTER twice to accept both transmission
and reception frequencies.
OR
Change the frequency type and the frequency as required (see “To change the
current frequency/frequencies” (page 19)).
4. If necessary, set other parameters, using the MORE key and pressing the
required function keys (see “Frequency Mode Options” (page 21)).
5. Press MORE twice, and press STOR (F2).
F R EQ
R 15,000.00
R CLV STO R
6. Select a channel using the scanning wheel, keypad or
UP/DOWN keys until you reach the required channel, or
use the keypad to enter the channel number.
7. When the desired channel is displayed, press ENTER to
confirm your choice.
F R EQ
S TO R E C H 5
BA CK C L R
F R EQ
S TO R I N G
The frequency parameters are stored in the selected
channel.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
22
Radio Operation
Scan Mode
In Scan mode, the radio scans the programmed scan channels. Up to five scan groups
(A to E) can be created via the RSS, each containing up to 200 channels. When a
guard channel is selected, it is monitored after every other scanned channel.
To use scan mode:
1. Press MENU to display the menu screen.
MENU
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Press SCAN (F3).
The last active group blinks (A).
SCAN
GROUP A
B
C
D
E
If there are no defined groups, the message “NO GROUPS”
appears in the display.
Note
3. If you want to use the currently displayed scan group, press ENTER
OR
Press the function key beneath the group you want to choose and press ENTER to
confirm your choice.
1 . In scan mode, one of the five groups is always selected, and
the other four groups are displayed over the function keys.
Notes 2 .
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
If the selected group is not programmed, the message
“GRP X EMPTY” appears in the display (X being the
selected group).
23
Radio Operation
Scan Mode Options
In Scan mode various parameters and options can be set, using the function keys.
The change of options is temporary. When you resume
scanning, all changed parameters will be lost.
Note
To select scan mode options:
STOP (F1) stops scanning.
S TO P
GROUP A 59
SC AN BA ND SQ
SLOW (F2) decreases the scan speed.
FAST (F3) increases the scan speed.
Note
The scan speed can be: 1 to 5 seconds, 1 second per
step; or 150 to 950 milliseconds, 50 milliseconds
per step.
GRP (F4) enables selection of a scan group.
SCAN
R ATE 4 s e c
STO P SLOW FAS T
GRP
SCAN
R AT E 9 0 0 m s
STO P SLOW FAS T
GRP
SCAN
GROUP A
B
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
GRP
C
D
E
24
Radio Operation
When scanning has been stopped, you can use the following options:
SCAN (F1) activates scanning.
SCAN
GROUP A 4
STO P SLOW FAS T
BAND (F2) toggles between upper side band (USB) and
lower side band (LSB).
S TO P
BAND LSB
SC AN BA ND SQ
SQ (F3) toggles the squelch
(on/off).
which includes:
D SP
S TO P
SQUELCH ON
SC AN BA ND SQ
DSP (F4) accesses the Digital Signal Processing menu,
GRP
D SP
S TO P
D S P PA R A M
C LA R N F
C L IP
• CLAR (F1) clarifier
(off/less/more)
* not available for Tx Only channels
S TO P
CLAR +100
• NF (F2) notch filter
(off/less/more)
* not available for CW or Tx Only channels
S TO P
NF ––
• CLIP (F3) clipper
(on/off)
S TO P
CLIP – ON
NB
OFF
––
OFF
C LA R N F
C L IP
• NB (F4) noise blanker
(on/off)
* optional, to be purchased separately
S TO P
• ATTN (MORE, F2) attenuator
(on/off)
S TO P
ATT E N – O FF
NB
NB – ON
C LA R N F
C L IP
NB
ATTN
PWR (MORE, F1) power level selection
(low, med, high or max)
S TO P
POWER HIGH
LOW
MODE (MORE, F2) operation mode selection
(SSB, AME or PLT)
(2.1 K, 2.7 K, 3.0 K, 3.3 K, LSM or CW;
CW includes bandwidths 0.25 K, 0.5 K and 0.8 K,
see “CW Operation” (page 44)).
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
MA X
AM E
PLT
S TO P
A G C FA ST
PW R
BW (MORE, F4) bandwidth selection
H IG H
S TO P
M O D E P LT
SS B
AGC (MORE, F3) automatic gain control
(fast/slow/off)
ME D
MODE AG C
BW
S TO P
BW 3.3
2 .1
2 .7
3 .0
3 .3
25
Radio Operation
Using the BITE
(Built-In Test
Equipment)
BITE is a testing tool used for radio maintenance and troubleshooting.
To run BITE:
1. Press MENU to display the menu screen.
MENU
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Press BIT (F4).
In BITE mode, you can run the following tests:
•
FULL (F1) runs a full test of the hardware device
•
CHAN (F2) tests the device on the current channel frequencies
•
L.RF (F3) low RF; tests the low RF path.
3. While BITE is in progress, the message “IN TEST...” is
displayed. The number of periods indicates the
progress of the test.
4. If the test passes successfully, the name of the test and
the word PASS are displayed.
BITE
FU LL
BITE
I N T E S T. . .
BITE
L . R F – PA S S
FU LL
5. If BITE detects a malfunction, the error number is
displayed in the first line of the display and a short
description of the error appears in the second line.
See page 48.
C HAN L .R F
C HAN L .R F
ERR23
P R E SE L E C TO R
EX IT
6. Press the UP/DOWN scroll keys to see if there are additional error messages.
7. Press EXIT (F1) to exit Error mode.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
26
Radio Operation
Locking the Radio
Lock mode enables you to lock the radio using a password, so that programming and
frequency modes are not accessible.
The lock password is a number of up to six digits. The default factory-defined
password is 123456. See “To change the password” (page 28) for details on defining a
new password.
If you enter the wrong password, the error message “WRONG PSW!” is
displayed.
Note
To lock the radio:
1. Press MENU to display the menu screen.
MENU
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
MENU
L O CK PROG PS W
3. Press LOCK (F1).
LOCK
P S W:
4. Enter the password to lock the radio.
LOCK
P S W : ** ** **
O .K .
5. Press O.K. (F1) or press the ENTER key to confirm.
LOCK
D IM
CLR
L O C KE D
To unlock the radio:
1. Press MENU to display the menu screen.
MENU
C HAN
SC AN B IT
When the radio is locked, not all functions are available. For instance,
the F2 key, which is usually used to access FREQ, is blank.
Note
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
MENU
O PEN
PS W
3. Press OPEN (F1).
UNLCK
P S W:
4. Enter the password number to unlock the radio.
UNLCK
P S W : ** ** **
O .K .
5. Press O.K. (F1) or press the ENTER key to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
D IM
CLR
UNLCK
U N L O C KE D
27
Radio Operation
To change the password:
For security reasons, you may want to change your password, used to lock the radio.
1. Press MENU to display the menu screen.
MENU
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
MENU
L O CK PROG PS W
3. Press PSW (F3).
PSW
OLD:
4. Enter the old password, using the keypad.
PSW
O L D : ** *** *
O .K .
D IM
CLR
– If you have not yet set a password, the radio has a factory-defined
password which is 123456.
Notes
– When you enter the correct password, you are prompted to enter
your new password.
5. Enter the new password, using the keypad.
PSW
N E W: ** ** **
O .K .
6. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
CLR
PSW
P S W S AV E D
28
Radio Operation
Display
Brightness
The DIM function can control the brightness of the display. There are four levels of
brightness, ranging from 0 (dimmest) to 3 (brightest).
Note
You can only change the display brightness if the display is
programmed to DIM. If the display is programmed as ALT (see
“Display Mode” (page 45)), the display is normally turned off, and
automatically turns on at a predetermined level when the radio
detects any type of activity (scanning wheel, keypad, PTT, incoming
call, etc.).
To change the display brightness level:
1. Press MENU to display the menu screen.
MENU
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
MENU
L O CK PROG PS W
3. Press DIM (F4) repeatedly until you reach the desired
brightness level.
MENU
DIM LEVEL 3
L O CK PROG PS W
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
D IM
D IM
29
Radio Operation
Programming
Mode
Most programmable parameters are accessible through programming mode.
Display Language
The radio display can be in the following languages:
In programming mode you can set radio programmable parameters (see “Radio
Programming” (page 31)) and the display language.
■
English
■
French
■
Spanish
To change the radio language:
1. Press MENU to display the menu screen.
MENU
C HAN FR EQ SC AN B IT
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
MENU
L O CK PROG PS W
3. Press PROG (F2) to enter Program mode.
PROG
R AD
4. Press LANG (F3) to display the Language screen.
D IM
L AN G
LANG
ENGLISH
FR NC SPAN
5. Press ENG (F1) for English.
Press FRNC (F2) for French.
Press SPAN (F3) for Spanish.
6. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
30
Radio Programming
The MICOM-H is already configured for use at the time of purchase. However, you
may wish to change the configuration to suit your own needs or to reflect changes in
the environment or networks. The radio can be programmed through the front panel
(if the radio is not locked), or using the appropriate RSS (Radio Service Software).
!
Important
If the message “NOT PROGRAM” is displayed after the self test, you cannot
enter programming mode, and the radio must be programmed through the
RSS.
The following sections relate to programming of radio parameters using the front
panel.
After locating the required radio parameter in the programming menu, you can
change it by pressing the function key under the parameter name
OR
you can press the UP /D O W N keys to scroll through the parameters.
To enter Radio Programming mode:
1. Press MENU to display the menu screen.
MENU
C HAN FR EQ
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
B IT
MENU
L O CK PROG PS W
3. Press PROG (F2) to enter Program mode.
PROG
R AD
4. Press RAD (F1) to enter Radio Programming mode.
In this menu, you can program:
■
channels
■
radio parameters
■
radio options
D IM
L AN G
R A DI O
PROGRAMMING
C HAN PR MT O PTS
The following sections explain the programming procedures in detail.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
31
Radio Programming
Programming
Channels
When programming channels, you can use the following options:
■
GET
– Retrieve preprogrammed channel parameters
■
STOR – Store channel parameters
■
ERAS – Erase programmed channel
■
PWR – Tx power level
■
FREQ – Frequency
■
BAND – Band type
■
MODE – Mode of operation
■
AGC
– Automatic Gain Control
■
BW
– Bandwidth
The use of each option is explained in the following sections.
When you enter Channel programming, the channel parameters have the following
default values:
■
Rx Frequency
– 15,000.00 kHz
■
Tx Frequency
– 15,000.00 kHz
■
Band
– USB
■
Bandwidth
– 2.7
■
Tx Power
– Max
■
AGC Type
– Slow
■
Mode
– SSB
When programming a new channel, you do not need to define all parameters –
change only those for which the default values are not suitable.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
32
Radio Programming
Copying Channel
Parameters
GET and STOR are used to copy all channel parameters from one channel to another.
To copy channel parameters:
1. Access the Channel Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > CHAN (F1).
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
2. Press GET (F1) to retrieve all parameters from an
existing channel.
The last active channel number is displayed, blinking.
3. With the keypad, enter the number of the channel
whose parameters you want to copy.
ST O R ER AS P WR
PROG
GET CHAN 1
PROG
GET CHAN 13
BA CK C L R
OR
Use the scanning wheel or the UP/DOWN scroll keys to select the channel whose
parameters you want to copy.
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
5. Press STOR (F2) to store the retrieved channel
parameters in a different channel.
ST O R ER AS P WR
PROG
S TO R E C H 1
The last active channel number is displayed, blinking.
6. With the keypad, enter the number of the channel into which you wish to save
the copied parameters.
OR
Use the scanning wheel or the UP/DOWN scroll keys to select the channel into
which you wish to save the copied parameters.
7. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
PROG
S TO R I N G
33
Radio Programming
Erasing a Channel
ERAS is used to delete a channel from the radio.
To erase a channel:
1. Access the Channel Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > CHAN (F1).
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
2. Press ERAS (F3).
The last active channel number is displayed, blinking.
3. With the keypad, enter the channel number you want to
delete.
ST O R ER AS P WR
PROG
E R A SE C H 1
PROG
E R A SE C H 3 1
BA CK C L R
OR
Use the scanning wheel or the UP/DOWN scroll keys to select the channel you wish
to delete.
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
PROG
ERASING
• If the channel is not programmed, you will receive a “NOT
PROG” message.
Notes
Transmission Power
Level
In all these cases, the erase request is rejected by the radio.
You can set one of four transmission power levels for a programmed channel:
•
LOW – 25W
•
MED – 62.5W (medium)
•
HIGH – 100W
•
MAX – 125W (maximum)
To set the channel’s transmission power level:
1. Access the Channel Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > CHAN (F1).
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
2. Press PWR (F4) to access the power level options.
ST O R ER AS P WR
PROG
POWER LOW
LOW
ME D
H IG H
MA X
3. Press the function key that appears below the power level of your choice:
LOW (F1), MED (F2), HIGH (F3) or MAX (F4).
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
34
Radio Programming
Channel Frequency
The Channel Frequency setting enables you to determine the specific frequency for
each channel, and the frequency type:
Simplex Frequency (SMPX) – transmits and receives on the same frequency.
Duplex Frequency (DPLX) – transmits on one frequency and receives on a different
frequency.
Receiving Only Frequency (RXO) – restricts a frequency for reception only.
Transmitting Only Frequency (TXO) – restricts a frequency for transmission only.
To set a channel’s frequency:
1. Access the Channel Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > CHAN (F1).
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
ST O R ER AS P WR
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
FR EQ BA ND MODE A GC
3. Press FREQ (F1) to access the frequency options.
SMPX
F 10,000.00
SMP X D PL X R XO
TX O
4. Press the function key below the frequency type of your choice:
SMPX (F1), DPLX (F2), RXO (F3) or TXO(F4).
When the DPLX function is selected, the F2 key toggles between Rx
and Tx frequencies.
Note
5. Use the keypad to enter the frequency of your choice.
Use the * key as a decimal point if you need to program the 100 Hz and
10 Hz digits after the decimal point.
Note
6. Press ENTER twice to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
35
Radio Programming
Band Types
MICOM-H has two band types:
■
USB
– upper side band
■
LSB
– lower side band.
To set the channel band type:
1. Access the Channel Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > CHAN (F1).
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
ST O R ER AS P WR
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
FR EQ BA ND MODE A GC
3. Press BAND (F2) to access band type options.
PROG
BAND – LSB
U SB
L SB
4. Press the function key below the option of your choice
(USB or LSB).
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
Operating Modes
The MICOM-H offers three operating mode options:
■
SSB
– single side band
■
AME
– amplitude modification equivalent
■
PLT
– pilot mode.
To set the operating mode:
1. Access the Channel Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > CHAN (F1).
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
ST O R ER AS P WR
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
FR EQ BA ND MODE A GC
3. Press MODE (F3) to access operation mode options.
PROG
M O D E S SB
SS B
AM E
PLT
4. Press the function key below the operation mode of your choice:
SSB (F1), AME (F2) or PLT(F3).
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
36
Radio Programming
Automatic Gain
Control (AGC)
The MICOM-H supports two AGC speeds: slow and fast, or the AGC can be turned
off.
To set the AGC speed:
1. Access the Channel Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) >RAD (F1) > CHAN (F1).
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
ST O R ER AS P WR
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
FR EQ BA ND MODE A GC
3. Press AGC (F4) to access AGC speed settings.
PROG
AGC – SLOW
SLOW FAS T
O FF
4. Press the function key below the AGC speed of your choice:
SLOW (F1), FAST (F2) or OFF (F3).
If you choose FAST, the AGC FAST icon will be
visible.
PROG
A G C – FA S T
SLOW FAS T
OFF
Note
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
37
Radio Programming
Bandwidths
The MICOM-H offers the following bandwidths:
■
2.1 K
■
2.7 K
■
3.0 K
■
3.3 K
■
LSM – Low Speed Modem
■
CW – Continuous Wave, including:
– 0.25 K
– 0.5 K
– 0.8 K
To set the channel bandwidth:
1. Access the Channel Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > CHAN (F1).
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
G ET
2. Press MORE twice to scroll to the third menu screen.
ST O R ER AS P WR
CHAN
PAR A M E TE R S
BW
3. Press BW (F1) to access the bandwidth options.
PROG
BW – 2.7
2 .1
2 .7
3 .0
3 .3
4. Press the function key below the bandwidth of your choice:
2.1 (F1), 2.7 (F2), 3.0 (F3) or 3.3 (F4).
5. If you want to set the radio to LSM or CW, press the
PROG
BW – 2.7
MORE key.
Select LSW (F1) or CW (F2).
L SM
CW
6. Press ENTER to confirm.
Note
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
The standard bandwidth is 2. If you
choose any other bandwidth, the NonStandard bandwidth icon will be
visible.
PROG
BW – 3.3
2 .1
2 .7
3.0
3 .3
38
Radio Programming
Radio Parameters
You can program the following radio parameters:
■
BAUD – Baud rate
■
DPWR – Data power
■
MST
– Microphone Side Tone
■
AST
– Accessory Side Tone
■
PTBP – PTT Release Beep
■
KBBP – Keyboard Beep
■
TONE – Tone level
■
ADT
■
ATTN – Attenuator
■
CW
■
RCLV – Receive Level
■
DIM
– Alternate Display Time-out
– Continuous Wave
– Dimming Mode
The definition of each of the parameters is explained in the following sections.
Baud Rate
The MICOM-H provides four baud rates:
■
1200 bps
■
2400 bps
■
4800 bps
■
9600 bps.
These baud rates are used when the radio is to communicate with external devices
such as: RSS, E-mail and remote control.
To set the baud rate:
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press BAUD (F1) to access baud rate options.
3. Press the function key below the baud rate of your
A ST
PROG
BAUD – 2400
1 .2
2 .4
4 .8
9 .6
4 .8
9 .6
choice:
1.2 (F1) - 1200 bps
2.4 (F2) - 2400 bps
4.8 (F3) - 4800 bps
9.6 (F4) - 9600 bps
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
The message “WAIT...” appears on the display for a few
seconds.
PROG
WA I T . . .
1 .2
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
2 .4
39
Radio Programming
Data Power
The MICOM-H provides four data power levels:
■
LOW
– 25W
■
MED – 62.5W (medium)
■
HIGH – 100W
■
MAX – 125W (maximum).
When data PTT is used, the radio sets the transmitter power level to the minimum
possible value between the determined data power value and the power level of the
currently used channel.
To set the data power level:
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press DPWR (F2) to access the data power options.
A ST
PROG
DT PWR – LOW
LOW
MED
H IG H
MA X
3. Press the function key below the power level of your choice:
LOW (F1), MED (F2), HIGH (F3) or MAX(F4).
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
Microphone Side
Tone
You can enable or disable the microphone side tone, which echoes the transmitted
voice from the MIC PTT to the speaker.
To enable/disable the Microphone Side Tone (MST):
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MST (F3) to access the Microphone Side Tone
options.
A ST
PROG
M I C S T- N O
YE S
NO
3. Press YES (F1) to enable or NO (F2) to disable the microphone sidetone.
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
40
Radio Programming
Accessory Side Tone
You can enable or disable the accessory side tone, which echoes the transmitted voice
from the accessory entry to the speaker.
To enable/disable the Accessory Side Tone (AST):
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press AST (F4) to access the Accessory Side Tone
options.
A ST
PROG
A C C S T- N O
YE S
NO
3. Press YES (F1) to enable or NO (F2) to disable the accessory sidetone.
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
PTT Release Beep
You can enable or disable the transmission of a beep when the push-to-talk (PTT)
button is released. The PTT release beep function is used to indicate to the remote
station that the local radio has returned to receive mode, (i.e. that it can begin
transmitting).
To enable/disable the PTT Release Beep (PTBP):
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MORE for the second menu screen.
A ST
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
PTBP KBBP TO N E A DT
3. Press PTBP (F1) to access the PTT Beep Release
options.
PROG
PTT B P -N O
YE S
NO
4. Press YES (F1) to enable or NO (F2) to disable the beep.
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
41
Radio Programming
Keyboard Beep
You can enable or disable the keypad beep, which beeps every time a valid key is
pressed.
To enable/disable the Keyboard Beep (KBBP):
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MORE for the second menu screen.
A ST
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
PTBP KBBP TO N E A DT
3. Press KBBP (F2) to access the Keyboard Beep options.
PROG
K Y B B P- N O
YE S
NO
4. Press YES (F1) to enable or NO (F2) to disable the keypad beep.
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
Tone Level
You can set the tone level (volume) to high or low.
To set the tone level:
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MORE for the second menu screen.
A ST
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
PTBP KBBP TO N E A DT
3. Press TONE (F3) to access the Tone options.
PROG
TO N E – H I G H
LOW
HIGH
4. Press LOW (F1) to set to low volume or HIGH (F2) to set to high volume.
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
42
Radio Programming
Alternate Display
Time-out
You can define the number of seconds that elapse before the menu display returns to
the previous screen.
To set the display time-out:
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MORE to scroll to the second menu screen.
A ST
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
PTBP KBBP TO N E A DT
3. Press ADT (F4) to access the time-out setting display.
PROG
ADT – 5 SEC
1
10
4. Press <-- (F2) to decrement the displayed value by 1.
Press --> (F3) to increment the displayed value by 1.
Press 1 (F1) to quick-set the value to 1.
Press 10 (F4) to quick-set the value to 10.
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
Attenuator
You can enable or disable the attenuator.
To enable/disable the attenuator:
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MORE twice to scroll to the third menu screen.
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
ATTN
3. Press ATTN (F1) to access the attenuator options.
A ST
CW
R CLV D IM
PROG
ATT E N – N O
YE S
NO
4. Press YES (F1) to enable or NO (F2) to disable the attenuator.
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
43
Radio Programming
CW Operation
You can select one of three CW frequency filters: 0.25 K, 0.5 K or 0.8 K.
To select a CW frequency filter:
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MORE twice to scroll to the third menu screen.
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
ATTN
3. Press CW (F2) to access the CW filters.
A ST
CW
R CLV D IM
PROG
CW – 0.8
0 .2 5
0.5
0 .8
4. Press 0.25 (F1), 0.5 (F2) or 0.8 (F3) as required.
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
Receive Level
You can enable or disable the Receive Level (Rx) bar.
To enable/disable the receive level bar:
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MORE twice to scroll to the third menu screen.
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
ATTN
3. Press RCLV (F3) to change the Rx bar status.
A ST
CW
R CLV D IM
PROG
R x L E VE L – N O
YE S
NO
4. Press YES (F1) to enable or NO (F2) to disable the Rx bar.
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
44
Radio Programming
Display Mode
You can select one of two display modes:
Dimming mode enables you to select one of four constant display light levels.
In Alternate mode the display is normally turned off, and automatically turns on at
a predetermined level when the radio detects any type of activity (scanning wheel,
keypad, PTT, incoming call, etc.).
To select the Dimming or Fixed display modes:
1. Access the Radio Parameters Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > PRMT (F2).
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
BA UD DPWR MS T
2. Press MORE twice to scroll to the third menu screen.
R A DI O
PAR A M E TE R S
ATTN
3. Press DIM (F4) to select the display mode.
A ST
CW
R CLV D IM
PROG
D I S P L AY – ALT
YE S
NO
4. Press YES (F1) for Alternate mode or NO (F2) for Dimming mode.
5. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
45
Radio Programming
Setting the Radio
Options
Tuner
The MICOM-H offers the following programmable radio options:
■
TUNE – Tuner
■
ACC
– Accessory
The radio can be set to work with or without a tuner. If you are using a tuner, you
must set this option to YES.
To set the tuner on or off:
1. Access the Radio Options Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > OPTS (F3).
R A DI O
O PT I O N S
TU NE ACC
2. Press TUNE (F1) to access the tuner options.
PROG
T U N ER – N O
YE S
NO
3. Press YES (F1) to set the tuner option on or NO (F2) to set the tuner option off.
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
Accessory Settings
The radio can be set to work with or without a 400W/1KW amplifier.
To set the amplifier option on or off:
1. Access the Radio Options Programming menu:
MENU > MORE > PROG (F2) > RAD (F1) > OPTS (F3).
R A DI O
O PT I O N S
TU NE ACC
2. Press ACC (F2) to access the accessory options.
PROG
ACC – NONE
AMP
ACC1
AC C 2 N O N
3. Press the function key below the option of your choice:
AMP (F1), ACC1 (F2), ACC2 (F3).
Press NON (F4) if there is no accessory being used.
ACC1 (F2) and ACC2 (F3) are for future use.
Selecting these options will have no effect.
Note
4. Press ENTER to confirm.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
46
Maintenance
This section provides maintenance information for the MICOM-H. Correct
installation and maintenance will ensure on-going operation of your radio set.
If an internal problem is suspected, the BITE (Built In Test Equipment) will assist you
in locating the source of the problem and in informing your service representative.
Preventative
Maintenance
System Integrity
Periodically check the integrity of your system, by examining the power source,
cables, coaxes, connectors, antenna tuner (if used) and antenna. Carefully check that
no damage has been caused to your cables, pay extra attention to runway through
holes and bent cables.
Periodic Calibration
To maintain the frequency accuracy of your radio, the internal frequency source must
be calibrated after 3, 6 and 12 months of operation in the first year, and once a year
thereafter. Please ensure that your radio is calibrated on time.
Using BITE
Every time the radio is turned on, a self-test procedure is activated. If an internal
malfunction is found, an error message will be displayed. Please contact your service
representative and report the indicated malfunction or error. A list of possible error
messages is given on page 48.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
47
Maintenance
Maintenance Error Messages
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
No.
Description
00
O.K. - no errors
01
DSP boot checksum fail (download)
02
DSP PLL unlock
03
DSP external RAM memory
04
(Not applicable)
05
DSP internal RAM memory
06
(Not applicable)
07
(Not applicable)
08
HC16 flash memory checksum
09
HC16 RAM memory
10
No 16.8 MHz clock
11
Battery low
12
Control head wake-up
13
Control head is not responding
14
Radio not programmed
15
Database fail
16
VCO 1 first injection
17
VCO 2 first injection
18
VCO 3 first injection
19
VCO second injection
20
Synthesizer unlock
21
Receiver failure
22
Preselector range 1
23
Preselector range 2
24
Preselector range 3
25
Preselector range 4
26
Preselector range 5
27
Preselector range 6
28
Preselector range 7
29
Preselector range 8
30
Exiter test
31
Antenna mismatch
32
Harmonic filter range 1
33
Harmonic filter range 2
34
Harmonic filter range 3
35
Harmonic filter range 4
36
Harmonic filter range 5
37
Harmonic filter range 6
38
Harmonic filter range 7
39
Power amplifier fail
48
Maintenance
Troubleshooting
If the radio is malfunctioning, try to solve the problem as follows:
Problem
Troubleshooting
Blank Display
Check whether:
• DC power cable is connected properly to the radio and
battery.
• A 7.5A fuse is installed in the fuse holder located on the
green wire of the DC power cable.
Display present
but weak or no
receive signal or
noise
Check whether:
• Connection of antenna to antenna tuner and antenna tuner
to radio cables (loose or broken connections).
• Correct programming of operating channel (frequency,
mode of operation, etc.).
Engine noise
picked up by the
antenna
Determine by observing difference in the reception by turning
the Engine ON/OFF.
Verify that:
• The ground leads are properly connected, all power wires
and ground leads are as short as possible
• The Noise Blanker (if installed) is enabled.
If the problem persists:
• Install noise reduction Kit TLN8845.
Poor or no
transmission
Check whether:
• A 30A fuse is installed in the fuse holder located on the red
wire of the power cable.
• Proper grounding cables are connected from the radio and
from the antenna tuner to the vehicle chassis.
• While speaking, check RF power bars for activity.
The resulting RF power output is displayed in approximately
15 W increments (bars) being added from the bottom of the
display upwards.
• Three or more bars disappear from the RF power bar display.
There may be a problem in the antenna system. If the
antenna cabling or the antenna mast rigging position has
changed since the antenna was last tuned, the antenna tuner
will not be adjusted automatically. To retune the antenna
tuner, press the ENTER key. If transmission is still poor,
inspect the tuner, antenna and ground plane for loose
connections or misplaced parts. If no loose connections are
found, call your service representative for assistance.
• There are no bars at the RF power bar graph. Indicates low
transmitter power, which can be caused by a faulty
microphone, faulty transmitter, overheating, or defective
antenna system.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
49
Maintenance
In case of a failure during operation, one of the following messages may appear on
the display:
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
Message
Troubleshooting
NO CLOCK
Check whether:
• A 30A fuse is installed in the fuse holder on the red wire
of the power cable.
SYN FAIL
Perform a built-in test (BITE) for more information.
PW LATCH
Perform a built-in test (BITE) for more information.
OVER TMP
Check whether:
• There is any fan obstruction
• Perform a built-in test (BITE) for more information.
CU-LIMIT
Check whether:
• The radio is programmed to TUNER OFF if
your antenna system is not equipped with an ATU
• A short circuit occurred in the antenna’s coax
• The ATU is in working condition.
NOT PROG
(This message appears
if three is a failure in the
DC power to the radio
during RSS programming)
Check whether:
• The radio is not programmed and the baud rate is 1200
bit/sec. If necessary, program the radio parameters
(from RSS).
50
Maintenance
Service
Proper repair and maintenance procedures will ensure efficient operation and long
life for this product. A Motorola maintenance agreement will provide expert service
to keep this and all other communication equipment in perfect operating condition.
Through its maintenance and installation program, Motorola makes available the
finest service to those desiring reliable, continuous communications on a contract
basis.
Motorola's Customer Service Division is the largest service organization specializing
in mobile communications. It includes over 900 authorized or company-owned
stations. In addition, our products are serviced throughout the world by a wide
network of company or authorized independent distributor service organizations.
For a contract service agreement, please contact your nearest Motorola service
representative, or Motorola sales representative. If you suspect a radio problem, check
the following items before requesting service.
Phone line support:
Motorola Radio Support Center
3761 S. Central Avenue
Rockford, IL 61102
USA
Phone:
International: 847-725-4830
Domestic USA: 1-800-227-6772
For customers of the US Federal Market, phone line support is available at:
Motorola USFG Depot
7940 Penn Randall Place
Upper Marlboro, MD 20772
USA
Phone:
International: 301-736-4300 (Fax: 301-735-7414)
Domestic USA: 1-800-969-6680 (Fax: 800-784-4133)
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
51
Maintenance
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
52
Installation
General
This section describes the installation of the radio.
Inspection
Carefully inspect the radio immediately upon receipt, and notify the shipper of any
damage incurred in transit.
Planning the
Installation of your
Radio
Before installing the radio, familiarize yourself with the installation procedure
detailed.
Select the mounting location taking into account convenience of access to electrical
connections and maintenance. The selected location should be clean, dry and well
ventilated. Do not mount the unit in close proximity to strong electrical fields
produced by brush motors and generators, welders, etc.
The antenna, antenna tuner and associated cable kits are provided separately, and
these should be installed before the radio itself is installed. Follow the instructions
included with the units and kits.
The radio may be placed on any sturdy, flat surface. An accessory mounting tray
(included in the Mobile Mounting Kit, FLN2272) allows the radio to be mounted in
any position.
No preliminary internal wiring connections are required before installing the radio.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
53
Installation
Base Station
Installation
You can use either an AC power supply or a 12 V battery as the radio power supply .
(It is possible to connect a backup battery to the battery terminals on the power
supply). Power Supply model F2369 for 220 V AC, 50 Hz, field programmable for 110
VAC, 60 Hz should be used for this purpose.
RED
PO
POW
WEERR SUPPLY
SUPPLY
FF2369
2369
GRN
R AD IO
BAT+
GND-BLK
GND-
FKN5865
-
+
12-V
12-VBACK
BAC KUP
UP
BATT
ERY
BAT TERY
Figure 2: Power Supply
This power supply also serves as a charger for the external backup 12V battery, if
connected. When AC power failure occurs, the battery functions as the main power
source. When AC power is again available, the power supply charges the battery.
The cable and connector supplied with the power supply enable connecting the
supply directly to DC connector J4 at the radio rear panel. (The DC Power Cable
supplied with the radio is not used in this installation).
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
54
Installation
Mobile
Installation
Figure 3 illustrates the installation procedure, and shows the location of the installed
components inside a vehicle.
Radio
ATU
DC Power
ca b le
BAT
A nten n a c ab le
Figure 3: Front Model Installation
The radio is installed on the dashboard of the vehicle inside the passenger
compartment. The other components connect to the power source, the battery, and
to the antenna, which enables the radio to transmit and receive. If the battery is
located in the rear section of the vehicle, the power cable extends to the battery
location in the rear.
Installation
Procedures
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
Follow these procedures to install the radio in the desired location. If the accessory
mounting tray is not used, ignore the steps pertaining to it.
55
Installation
Mobile Mounting Kit
1. Mount the accessory mounting tray in the desired location. Use the tray as a
template if holes must be drilled.
11 .8 ” (3 0 0 m m )
8 .7 4 ” (2 2 2 m m )
Figure 4: Accessory Mounting Tray
2. Use the four supplied screws to fasten the mounting tray bracket to the bottom
of the radio housing.
3. Drill an additional hole for the grounding bolt.
4. If a mounting tray is used, slide the radio with the bracket into the tray and
fasten the bracket to the tray with the supplied screw.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
56
Installation
DC Power
Connection
To connect a 12V negative-ground vehicular battery.
1. Lead the power connector on the DC Power Cable to the DC connector on the
radio, but do not attach it. Lead the three heavy wires (red, green and black) to the
12V battery, threading them through the access holes as required.
The wires must be as short as possible. Cut off any excess wire.
2. Thread the red and green wires from the power connector through the two fuse
holder caps; separate the fuse clips and solder or crimp them to the wires.
3. Install the 30A fuse in the fuse holder on the red wire, and the 7.5A fuse in the
fuse holder on the green wire.
4. Crimp or solder the supplied lugs to the red, green, and black wires.
5. Connect the lugs on both red and green cables to the battery’s positive terminal.
Then connect the lug on the black wire to the battery’s negative terminal.
FUS E
30 A
J3
POW ER
RED (# 8)
FUS E
7.5 A
RADIO
GRN (# 12)
BLK (# 12)
-
* M OB ILE C H A S S IS
+
12V
BAT TERY
Figure 5: DC Power Connection
– Connect the grounding (black wire) to the vehicle chassis, as close as
possible to the radio.
Note
– In front installation, add one ferrite (supplied with the installation radio
kit) on the DC cable as close as possible to the radio.
– In trunk mount installation, add one ferrite (supplied with installation
kit) on the DC cable as close as possible to the radio and one ferrite on the
control cable, halfway between the control head and the radio.
No.14 X 3/4” self-tapping
screw
.
Chassis cable and lug
1/4” lockwasher
3/16’ (187”) diameter hole
Fl
su oor
rfa
ce
Figure 6: Wire Attachment to Chassis
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
57
Installation
Microphone Clip
The microphone cable enables placing the microphone clip in any convenient
location up to five feet from the radio. To install the clip, use it as a template to drill
two holes to receive self-threading sheet-metal screws. Mount the clip using the
supplied screws.
Figure 7: Microphone Clip
Final Connections
!
Ensure that the radio is off before making these connections.
Warning
1. Connect the power cable to DC connector J4 and connect the antenna RF cable to
antenna connector J2.
If an antenna tuner is used, connect the antenna to the tuner, connect the tuner RF
cable to connector J2, located on the radio rear panel.
2. If a mounting tray is used, slide the radio with the bracket into the tray and
fasten the bracket to the tray with the supplied screw.
3. Use the tie straps included with the Cable Kit to tie loose cables out of the way.
4. Connect a ground lead from the GND screw on the radio rear panel to the chassis
of the vehicle.
!
Important
Special attention should be given to locating an appropriate vehicle
ground. Optimum radio performance can only be achieved with a ground
connection having a very low resistance.
The vehicle frame makes the best ground, but body structural
reinforcement members are also suitable for grounding purposes. The
ground lead should be as short as possible.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
58
Installation
External Speaker
Installation
An external speaker can be connected to the radio. Any speaker with an impedance
greater than 8Ω can be used, and is connected through the accessory connector (pin
1,3).
Operational Checks
When installation is complete, carefully check all operating functions (refer to the
Operation section). In case of malfunctioning, refer to the sections on
Troubleshooting and Tuning the Antenna in this manual.
Connectors
Microphone
Connector J1
The microphone connector is located on the lower part of the radio front panel. Table
1 lists the functions of the microphone connector pins.
Table 1. Connector J1, Pin Connections
Antenna
Connector J2
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
No.
Pin Name
Description
1
SWA+
Microphone Power
2
RXD
Serial communication
3
TXD
Serial communication
4
GND
Ground line
5
MIC AUDIO
Input audio signals generated by the microphone (600Ω
Ω
impedance, 100 mV 1 KHz tone is required for full output
power)
6
PTT MIC
Activates transmission by short to ground
7
MONITOR
Mutes the speaker before transmission is enabled (short
momentary to ground to open speaker)
8
AUDIO OUT
Receive audio 600Ω
Ω (300 mVRMS)
The “N type” antenna connector is located on the rear panel of the transceiver and is
used to connect the antenna.
59
Installation
Accessory
Connector J3
Accessory connector J3 is a 25-pin D-type plug located on the rear panel of the radio.
It is used with external accessories such as a modem, a linear amplifier, a phone
patch, etc.
If you wish to connect Morse key and headphones using their standard connectors,
use interface cable FKN4403.
To connect up to four devices simultaneously, use FLN2271.
Table 2 lists the pin connections of Connector J3.
Table 2. Connector J3, Pin Connections
No.
Pin Name
Description
1
SPKR-
Differential output to the external 8Ω, 5W speaker
(Do not connect to GND)
2
OPTION
Option dependent
3
SPKR+
Differential output to the external 8Ω, 5W speaker
4
RX AUDIO+
Differential output received audio signals (0 dBm;
600Ω; not controlled by volume)
5
RX AUDIO-
Differential output received audio signals (0 dBm;
600Ω; not controlled by volume)
(Do not connect to GND)
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
6
TX AUDIO+
Differential input received audio signals (600Ω input
impedance, 0 dBm is required for full power)
7
TX AUDIO(Do not connect to GND)
Differential input received audio signals (600Ω input
impedance, 0 dBm required for full power)
8
PTT IN VOICE
Xmit command (by short to ground) for voice signals
9
PTT IN DATA
Xmit command (by short to ground) for data signals
10
PTT IN CW
Xmit command (by short to ground) for CW (Morse)
11
SWA+
13.8V (nominal) current limited
12
KW C C
KW option channel change
13
KW ON/OFF
KW option power ON/OFF
14
AGC FAST/SLOW
AGC fast or slow release
15
RXD
Point to point communication line to HOST/HLC
16
TXD
Point to point communication line to HOST/HLC
17
RESET
External RESET
18
GND
Ground
19
KW PTT
KW PTT
20
EXT ALARM
External Alarm Operation (open collector –pulled to
ground when external alarm is activated)
21
VPP
Flash programming voltage
22
KW ALC
KW ALC
23
SQ GATE
Squelch Indication
24
FAN ON/OFF
FAN ON/OFF
25
KW TUNE
KW tune
60
Installation
DC Connector J4
DC connector J4 is mounted on the rear panel of the radio. It is used to feed the radio
with the required power from an AC to 13.8V power supply or from the battery. The
following table lists the function of the DC connector lines.
Table 3. Connector J4, Pin Connections
Reduction of
Vehicular Noise
No.
Pin Name
Description
1
TX Power
Used to deliver high currents (up to 28 Amp) to the
radio, mainly for the transmitter circuitry
2
Ground
Used as return line for receive and transmit lines
3
RX Power
Used to deliver relatively low currents (up to 3 Amp)
to the radio, mainly for the receiver circuitry
Most vehicles are subject to several noise sources which greatly disturb a received
signal. The most noisy sources are the high voltage ignition sparks that are produced
at the vehicle's plugs. Alternator activity also generates significant noise.
By following these insulation guidelines, and if necessary by adding certain damping
components, it is usually possible to reduce vehicular noise:
1. Keep your antenna tuner and antenna as far as possible from the engine
compartment.
2. Connect the primary power lead of the radio directly to the battery instead of the
starter relay. The battery acts as a large capacitor (about one farad for 50 A-H
capacity batteries) by passing the noise to ground.
3. If necessary, connect 0.01 - 0.1 mF capacitors across the primary leads of the
coil and across the alternator output.
4. Keep your DC and RF cables as short as possible.
5. If your vehicle does not have a resistive ignition wire, it is recommended to
replace it with such a wire.
6. The MOTOROLA RF noise reduction kit for alternator equipped vehicles
(TLN8845) includes some useful accessories for noise reduction, including a
resistive ignition coil suppressor cable. In severe noise conditions, you may find
this kit helpful.
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
61
Installation
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
62
List of Procedures
To turn the radio on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
To Transmit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
To Receive Calls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
To choose a channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
To transmit in Channel mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
To enter frequency mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
To change the current frequency/frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
To store a frequency in a channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
To use scan mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
To select scan mode options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
To run BITE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
To lock the radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
To unlock the radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
To change the password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
To change the display brightness level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
To change the radio language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
To enter Radio Programming mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
To copy channel parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
To erase a channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
To set the channel’s transmission power level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
To set a channel’s frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
To set the channel band type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
To set the operating mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
To set the AGC speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
To set the channel bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
To set the baud rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
To set the data power level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
To enable/disable the Microphone Side Tone (MST) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
To enable/disable the Accessory Side Tone (AST) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
To enable/disable the PTT Release Beep (PTBP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
To enable/disable the Keyboard Beep (KBBP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
To set the tone level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
To set the display time-out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
To enable/disable the attenuator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
To select a CW frequency filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
To enable/disable the receive level bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
To select the Dimming or Fixed display modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
To set the tuner on or off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
To set the amplifier option on or off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
To connect a 12V negative-ground vehicular battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
lxiii
MICOM-H Owner’s Guide
lxiv
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