Apple | PowerBook Duo Dock | Specifications | Apple PowerBook Duo Dock Specifications

Developer Note
PowerBook Duo 270c
Developer Note
Developer Press
© Apple Computer, Inc. 1993
Apple Computer, Inc.
© 1993, Apple Computer, Inc.
All rights reserved.
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Apple retains all intellectual property
rights associated with the technology
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intended to assist application
developers to develop applications only
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Contents
Figures and Tables
Preface
About This Note
v
vii
Conventions Used In This Book
Other Reference Material
viii
For More Information
ix
Chapter 1
vii
Introduction to the PowerBook Duo 270c Computer
PowerBook Duo 270c Computer Features
Chapter 2
Hardware Modifications
Software Modifications
2
5
Active-Matrix TFT Color Display Features
Changes on Main Logic Board
7
Integrated Floating-Point Unit
8
Color Control Chip (CSC)
8
DRAM Configuration
9
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
9
Environmental Specifications
9
Housing Requirements
10
Hard Disk Interface
12
Interface Requirements
13
SCSI Connectors
13
Terminator
15
Power Requirements
16
Inverter/Speaker Board
16
Clamshell Housing
17
Chapter 3
1
6
19
System ROM
20
Video Support
20
8-Bit Color
21
16-Bit Color
22
Support for Internal FPU
22
Support for Extended DRAM
22
Extended Power Management Capabilities
22
iii
Network Support
22
Diagnostic Support
22
Battery Reconditioning
23
Before Reconditioning
23
Reconditioning Dialog Boxes
24
PowerBook Duo 270c Control Panels
27
PowerBook Setup Panel
27
PowerBook Control Panel
28
Custom and Easy Controls for Battery Conservation
Power Conservation
29
Appendix A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Index
iv
41
31
29
Figures and Tables
Chapter 1
Introduction to the PowerBook Duo 270c Computer
Figure 1-1
Chapter 2
5
Figure 2-1
Figure 2-2
Figure 2-3
Figure 2-4
Figure 2-5
PowerBook Duo 270c main logic board
8
Hard disk drive housing
11
Bracket for the hard disk drive
12
Hard disk drive SCSI connector
13
The PowerBook Duo 270c computer housing in open
position
18
Table 2-1
Table 2-2
Table 2-3
Features of the active-matrix TFT color display
6
Environmental specifications for 240 MB hard disk drive
9
Hard disk drive SCSI connector signal assignments – SCSI and
power
13
Hard disk drive SCSI connector signal assignments – SCSI
ID
15
SCSI ID encoding
15
Power requirements for the 240 MB hard disk drive
16
Table 2-5
Table 2-6
Software Modifications
Figure 3-1
Figure 3-2
Figure 3-3
Figure 3-4
Figure 3-5
Figure 3-6
Figure 3-7
Figure 3-8
Figure 3-9
Figure 3-10
Appendix A
Simplified block diagram of the PowerBook Duo 270c computer
system
4
Hardware Modifications
Table 2-4
Chapter 3
1
19
PowerBook Duo 270c color lookup table
21
Power adapter warning
23
Initial information dialog box
24
Main informational dialog box
25
Less-than-30-days message
25
Final confirmation: less than 30 days
26
Waiting image
26
Completion dialog box
26
PowerBook Setup panel
28
PowerBook control panel
29
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
31
Color look up table
31
v
vi
P R E F A C E
About This Note
This note is a supplement to Macintosh Developer Notes, Number 2, Macintosh
Duo System, APDA publication number R0457LL/A. It describes the design
features of the PowerBook Duo 270c computer, which is basically a
PowerBook Duo computer with an active-matrix color display, expanded
hard disk capabilities, higher capacity batteries, and an integrated
floating-point unit (FPU).
This note provides the hardware or software developer with the additional
information needed to design hardware and software elements for the
PowerBook Duo 270c computer. This publication assumes you are familiar
with the functionality and programming requirements for Apple Macintosh
computers. It contains the following three chapters and an appendix:
■
Chapter 1, “Introduction to the PowerBook Duo 270c Computer”
■
Chapter 2, “Hardware Modifications”
■
Chapter 3, “Software Modifications”
The chapters and appendix are followed by an index.
Conventions Used In This Book
0
This developer note uses the following conventions:
IMPORTANT
A note like this contains information that is essential to an
understanding of the text, and of the PowerBook Duo 270c computer.
▲
▲
WARNING
A note like this directs your attention to something that could cause
injury to staff, damage to equipment, or loss of data. ▲
A slash in front of a signal name (/RESET) indicates an active low signal.
vii
P R E F A C E
The following common abbreviations are used in this note:
AM
active matrix
CCFL
cold cathode fluorescent lamp
CSC
color screen controller
DRAM
dynamic random-access memory
FPU
floating-point unit
FSTN
film super-twist nematic
K
1024
LCD
liquid crystal display
MB
megabyte
Mbit
megabit
ms
millisecond
MSC
main system controller
µs
microsecond
ns
nanosecond
PCB
printed circuit board
RAM
random access memory
RMS
root mean square
SCSI
small computer system interface
SIMM
single inline memory module
TFT
thin-film transistor
TQFP
thin quad flat pack
VRAM
video RAM
When unusual abbreviations appear in this developer note, the corresponding
terms are also spelled out. Standard units of measure and other widely used
abbreviations are not spelled out.
A distinction is made between boards and cards. Boards are a permanent part
of the computer or expansion device. Cards may be inserted into the system
and can be added or exchanged.
Other Reference Material
Related documentation includes:
■
viii
Macintosh Developer Notes, Number 2, Macintosh Duo System, APDA
publication number R0457LL/A
■
Guide to the Macintosh Family Hardware, second edition
■
Designing Cards and Drivers for the Macintosh Family, third edition
0
P R E F A C E
■
■
Inside Macintosh, Volumes I through VI
Macintosh Classic II, Macintosh PowerBook Family, and Macintosh Quadra
Family Developer Notes, APDA publication number R0I43LL/A.
For More Information
0
APDA is Apple’s worldwide source for over three hundred development
tools, technical resources, training products, and information for anyone
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the quarterly APDA Tools Catalog featuring all current versions of Apple
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To order products or to request a complimentary copy of the APDA Tools
Catalog, contact
APDA
Apple Computer, Inc.
P.O. Box 319
Buffalo, NY 14207-0319
Telephone
800-282-2732 (United States)
800-637-0029 (Canada)
716-871-6555 (International)
Fax
716-871-6511
AppleLink
APDA
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APDA
CompuServe
76666,2405
Internet
APDA@applelink.apple.com
ix
P R E F A C E
x
C H A P T E R
Figure 1-0
Listing 1-0
Table 1-0
1
Introduction to the
PowerBook Duo 270c
Computer
1
C H A P T E R
1
Introduction to the PowerBook Duo 270c Computer
The Macintosh PowerBook Duo 270c computer is a member of the PowerBook Duo
family of computers. It has all the basic features of the PowerBook Duo computer but
also has certain new features which are described in this note. These features include
■
■
■
an active-matrix (AM) thin-film transistor (TFT) 8-bit or 16-bit color display
support for the color display via the color-screen controller (CSC) device, housed on
the main logic board
a 160 MB or a 240 MB hard drive (the 160 MB drive is not described separately in this
note)
■
integrated floating-point unit (FPU)
■
higher capacity batteries
■
an inverter/speaker board compatible with active matrix TFT color displays only
■
software support for the color video and battery recharging
■
modified system ROM
The computer uses the same 33 MHz 68030 microprocessor as the PowerBook Duo 230
computer. Chapter 2, “Hardware Modifications,” describes the modifications made to
the original PowerBook Duo computer to implement the PowerBook Duo 270c
computer. Chapter 3, “Software Modifications,” describes the changes made to the
software to support the additional features.
This note is a supplement to the Macintosh Duo System Developer Note, R0457LL/A,
which contains detailed information about the basic Macintosh PowerBook Duo
computer.
PowerBook Duo 270c Computer Features
1
Features of the PowerBook Duo 270c computer are listed below. Items in boldface type
are unique to the PowerBook Duo 270c computer and are described in more detail later
in this note. All other items are discussed in detail in the Macintosh Duo System Developer
Note.
■
main processor: 33 MHz 68030 microprocessor
■
integrated floating-point unit
■
■
Power Manager: a custom microcontroller that provides intelligent power
management
■
integral hard disk: 160 MB or 240 MB capacity
■
4 MB of DRAM (dynamic random access memory) on the main logic board
■
2
main system controller (MSC): controls DRAM, ROM, built-in I/O, sound, and some
power-saving features
8 MB memory expansion card expands memory capacity up to 12 MB; third-party
SIMM (single inline memory) card expands memory capacity up to 32 MB
PowerBook Duo 270c Computer Features
C H A P T E R
1
Introduction to the PowerBook Duo 270c Computer
■
1 MB of ROM (read only memory): stores system and configuration data.
■
active-matrix TFT 8-bit or 16-bit color display
■
■
■
video components: a color-screen controller (CSC) chip and video RAM; the CSC
controls the interface between the processor, the video RAM, and the display; the
VRAMs store the data required to write and refresh the display
inverter/speaker board compatible with both FSTN (film super-twist nematic) and
AM displays
Combo chip: includes the Serial Communication Controller (SCC) and Small
Computer System Interface (SCSI) controller
■
enhanced sound chip: supports 8-bit monaural sound input and output
■
integral microphone and speakers
■
modem: internal modem/fax card, referred to as the Express Modem
■
keyboard: integral full-function keyboard with trackball
■
■
I/O: one 152-pin connector for expansion devices, one mini-DIN 8-pin serial port, one
modem port, and a power connector
nickel metal hydride battery: 4.5-hour removable and rechargeable battery
Figure 1-1 shows a simplified block diagram of the PowerBook Duo 270c computer
system
PowerBook Duo 270c Computer Features
3
C H A P T E R
1
Introduction to the PowerBook Duo 270c Computer
Figure 1-1
Simplified block diagram of the PowerBook Duo 270c computer system
Main expansion connector
Provides access to:
Duo Floppy Adapter
Duo MiniDock
DuoDock
Communication
Memory and storage
Fax/modem
SCC interface
SCSI capability
4MB DRAM
Up to 32 MB DRAM expansion
160 MB or 240 MB hard disk
Processing
and control
68030 33 MHz microprocessor
Main system controller (MSC)
Power Manager
Video control
Sound control
System ROM
Integrated FPU
Human
interface
Active-matrix 8-bit or 16-bit
color display
Keyboard
Trackball
Microphone and speaker
4
PowerBook Duo 270c Computer Features
C H A P T E R
Figure 2-0
Listing 2-0
Table 2-0
2
Hardware Modifications
2
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
This chapter describes hardware features of the PowerBook Duo 270cPowerBook Duo
270c computer that make it different from the Macintosh PowerBook Duo computer.
These features include
■
the active-matrix TFT color display
■
the integrated floating point unit
■
color screen controller
■
■
the 160 MB or 240 MB hard disk drive (the 160 MB drive is not described separately in
this note)
the inverter/speaker board
This chapter also describes the hardware changes required to support these features:
■
modified main logic board
■
modified clamshell housing
Active-Matrix TFT Color Display Features
2
The PowerBook Duo 270c display is an active-matrix TFT color display. It is 3.8
millimeters thicker than the basic PowerBook Duo display, requiring the computer
housing to be thicker than that of the original PowerBook Duo. (See the section
“Clamshell Housing,” later in this chapter.)
The display can be driven in two modes. In what is termed 8-bit mode, with 8 bits per
pixel, and a 640-pixel by 480-pixel display area, the PowerBook Duo 270c can display up
to 256 different colors at a time. In what is termed 16-bit mode, but which is actually 15
bits per pixel, the PowerBook Duo 270c can display thousands (up to 32K) of colors on a
640-pixel by 400-pixel display area.
The system software allows you to select either mode by means of the Monitor control
panel (see Chapter 3). Because the VRAM is a fixed size, 256K by 16 maximum, it can
handle only a certain amount of data. If you select the 16-bit mode, to enable the VRAM
to handle the thousands of colors, the system software resizes the display area down to
400 lines instead of 480, and centers the lines on the screen, leaving black bands of 40
lines each at the top and bottom of the screen.
Table 2-1 lists the features of the active-matrix TFT color display.
Table 2-1
6
Features of the active-matrix TFT color display
Feature
Description
Display matrix
640 x 480 pixels, 8-bit color
640 x 400 pixels, 16-bit color
Active display area
171 mm x 130 mm
Display module dimensions
237.4 mm wide, 175.2 mm high, 8.7 mm deep
Active-Matrix TFT Color Display Features
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Table 2-1
Features of the active-matrix TFT color display
Feature
Description
Standard display mode
Normally white
Contrast ratio
60:1 minimum
Pixel pitch
0.267 (high) by 0.270 (wide) = R+G+B = 1 pixel
Pixel configuration
R, G, B vertical stripes
Total pixel on/off switching speed
or response time
<80 ms
Surface treatment
Antiglare polarizer at 2H pencil hardness
Backlight/CCFL
Integrated backlight system, with typical RMS
operating values of 470 Vrms at 5.5 mA
Changes on Main Logic Board
2
The outline of the PowerBook Duo 270c computer’s main logic board is identical to the
outline of the main logic board in the PowerBook Duo. However, there are several
component changes, as described below. Figure 2-1 shows a view of the main logic
board, with new components shaded.
The changes to the board include
■
an on-board floating-point unit
■
replacement of the GSC with the CSC
■
rearrangement of the on-board DRAM
Changes on Main Logic Board
7
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Figure 2-1
PowerBook Duo 270c main logic board
Serial port
connector
152-pin main expansion connector
Power
adapter
Transformer
Transformer
ROM slots
MC68030
processor
DFAC
V
R
A
M
Power
Manager
MSC
Keyboard
connectors
Drawing not to scale
68882
FPU
Test
Trackball
DRAM
Modem
expansion
connector
DRAM
array
CSC
DRAM
DRAM
Combo
DRAM
expansion
connector
DRAM
Backup
Hard drive
Connectors
Components that are different for the Escher computer
The logic board contains 8 DRAMs - 4 on each side of the board
Integrated Floating-Point Unit
2
The PowerBook Duo 270c computer has an integrated FPU mounted on the main logic
board in a PLCC socket. The FPU is a 68882 device. Figure 2-1 shows the position of the
FPU on the logic board.
Color Control Chip (CSC)
2
The CSC replaces the PowerBook Duo’s gray-scale controller (GSC). Figure 2-1 shows its
position on the main logic board. The CSC is a 144-pin TQFP (thin quad flat pack)
device. It supports FSTN and TFT LCD display panels, in color or monochrome/gray, in
two raster matrix configurations: 640 x 480 and 640 x 400, in dual-drive and single-drive
configurations. It supports the following color and grayscale modes:
8
■
1 bit per pixel (2 colors or grays), black-and-white monochrome
■
2 bits per pixel (4 colors or grays)
■
4 bits per pixel (16 colors or grays)
■
8 bits per pixel (256 colors or grays)
■
16 bits per pixel (32K colors or grays), with 640 x 400 display
Changes on Main Logic Board
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
DRAM Configuration
2
The PowerBook Duo 270c main logic board contains 8 DRAMs, which make up the 4 MB
of on-board DRAM. Four of the DRAMs are located on the front of the main logic board,
and four on the back of the board, whereas on the main logic board of PowerBook Duo
computer, all eight DRAMs are on the front of the board.
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
2
This section describes the 240 MB hard disk drive. It includes the following information
about the drive:
■
environmental specifications
■
housing requirements
■
interface requirements
IMPORTANT
It is possible to mount a 160 MB hard disk drive in the PowerBook Duo
270c housing. The physical requirements for this drive are the same as
for the 240 MB drive, and therefore the 160 MB drive is not described
separately in this section. ▲
Environmental Specifications
2
Table 2-2 provides a summary of environmental specifications for the 240 MB hard disk
drive.
Table 2-2
Environmental specifications for 240 MB hard disk drive
Category
Condition
Specification
Temperature of ambient air
inside a low airflow thermal
chamber, non-condensing
Operating limits:
5 to 55 degrees C
Nonoperating and
storage:
-40 to 60 degrees C
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
9
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Table 2-2
Environmental specifications for 240 MB hard disk drive
Temperature gradient
Relative humidity
Altitude
Housing Requirements
Operating:
20 degrees C per hour
Non-operating:
Below rate causing
condensation
Operating:
10-90%, noncondensing,
maximum wet bulb 20
degrees C
Non-operating:
Non-condensing,
maximum wet bulb 35
degrees C
Operating:
-200 to 15,000 feet
Shipping:
-200 to 15,000 feet
2
The PowerBook Duo 270c computer accommodates either a 160 MB hard disk drive or a
240 MB drive. The hard disk drive is housed in the PowerBook Duo 270c clamshell
housing.
Figure 2-2 shows the dimensions of the 240 MB hard disk. The height of the disk drive is
critical, and it must not exceed 19mm (0.75) inches. Both drives are currently 19
millimeters tall, but eventually the 160 MB drive will be available in 12.5-millimeter and
17-millimeter versions.
The drive may be mounted through either side-mounting or bottom-mounting holes
machined into the disk drive housing. A bracket, shown in Figure 2-3, is attached to the
side of the hard disk and holds it in place in the PowerBook Duo 270c computer housing.
10
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Figure 2-2
Hard disk drive housing
Bottom view (PCB side)
1.375" ± .015"
(34.93 ± 0.38mm)
4.000" (101.60mm) maximum
1.500"
(38.10mm)
End view
8 Pin J2
Pin 1
Vacant row in
50 pin connector
Pin 1
2.759"
(70.01mm)
PCB
connector
40 Pin J1
SCSI
PCB
controller
2.430"
(61.72)
Position 17
(key)
CL
2
1
0.387" ± 0.012"
(9.83 ± 0.30mm)
Connector position
Bottom mounting holes
M 3.0 (4x)
0.079" (2.00mm)
Connector envelope
Side view
0.750"
(19.05mm)
maximum
0.118" (3.00
0.00
1.375" ± .015"
(34.93 ± 0.38mm)
1.500"
(38.10mm)
Side mounting holes
M 3.0 (4x)
Notes:
1. All dimensions in inches (mm).
2. Tolerances (unless otherwise noted): .XX = +/-0.25mm (.XXX = +/- .010 inches).
Key:
1 Connector position from edge of drive to center line of first connector pin (39).
2
Connector envelope does not include flex cable or mating receptacle. Connector pins
are to be flush with drive envelope dimensions.
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
11
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Figure 2-3
Bracket for the hard disk drive
2.874"
(73.00mm)
0.188"
(4.795±0.125mm)
1
0 0.125"
(3.200mm)
2
CL
2x 0.079"
(2.00mm)
0.299"
(8.60)
(7.60mm)
0.125"
(3.20mm)
(1.60mm)
0.082"
(2.10mm)
4x R
0.039"
(1.00mm)
2x R full
0.165"
(4.20mm)
3x R 1.00
(7.80)
0.549"
(13.95mm)
1.5"
(38.10mm)
3
0.192"
(4.900±0.125mm)
3x 0.307"
(7.80mm)
2x R 0.059"
(1.50mm)
3x 0.137"
(3.50mm)
3x 0.275"
(7.00mm)
0.137"
(3.50mm)
3x 0 0.118"
(3.00mm)
2.598"
(66.00mm)
1.299"
(33.00mm)
6x R 0.059"
(1.50mm)
Key
1
This surface to be free of burrs
and sharp edges.
2
Mark part number, rev level,
vendor I.D., and date code
with 0.19±0.06 high
permanent contrasting
characters.
Locate where shown.
3
Arrow indicates direction of
material grain.
Notes:
1.
Interpret dimensions and tolerances per
ANSI Y14.5M-1982
2.
Material: CRS 1010-1020, 1.00 ± 0.05 (.0394 ± .0020) thick.
3.
Finish: Zinc pre-plate per Mil.Spec. QQ-Z-325a Class 3 (0.00020) type II.
4.
Maximum burr allowance is 15% of material thickness.
5.
Starred (*) dimensions and notes are critical control dimensions for Apple
incoming quality control inspection
6.
Tooling required to make this part to be property of Apple Computer, Inc. and
shall be permanently marked with Apple’s name and appropriate part number.
7.
All dimensions apply after finish.
Hard Disk Interface
This section describes the interface requirements for the 240 MB hard disk drive. It
provides specifications and signal assignments for the SCSI connector.
12
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
2
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Interface Requirements
2
The interface to the hard disk is an ANSC X3T9.2 SCSI interface. It implements the Apple
SCSI command protocol and diagnostic command set. Buffer size supports a 1:1
interleave. The drive supports the SCSI asynchronous information transfer. The transfer
rate is 1.5 MB per second (minimum). An embedded controller provides error recovery
algorithms, which include error check and correction (ECC), seek retry, head offset (for
open-loop systems), and defect management. The SCSI interface provides a SCSI ID that
can be detected by the hardware.
SCSI Connectors
2
The disk drive SCSI connector comprises two segments, as shown in
Figure 2-4. The first segment has 40 pins, arranged in two rows. It transfers SCSI signals
between the CPU and the hard disk drive, and it also supplies power to the drive. The
second segment of the connector accommodates the SCSI ID.
Figure 2-4
Hard disk drive SCSI connector
SCSI commands and power
SCSI ID
Pin 39
Pin 1
Pin 7
Pin 1
Pin 40
Pin 2
Pin 8
Pin 2
Key
Table 2-3 lists and describes the interface signals for the 40-pin segment of the connector.
Table 2-3
Hard disk drive SCSI connector signal assignments – SCSI and power
Pin
Signal name
Description
1, 2
+5V logic
+5 V power supply
3, 4
Logic return
+5 V return
5, 7, 9, 11, 13,
15, 19, 21, 23,
27, 31, 35
GND
Ground
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
13
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Table 2-3
Hard disk drive SCSI connector signal assignments – SCSI and power (continued)
Pin
Signal name
Description
6
/DB0
Data bus bit 0
8
/DB1
Data bus bit 1
10
/DB2
Data bus bit 2
12
/DB3
Data bus bit 3
14
/DB4
Data bus bit 4
16
/DB5
Data bus bit 5
17
KEY
Not connected; used as connector key
18
/DB6
Data bus bit 6
20
/DB7
Data bus bit 7
22
/PARITY
Data bus parity
24
TERM PWR
Terminator power; pulls up termination resistors for all signal
lines
25
/ATN
Attention indicator
26
/BSY
Busy signal
28
/ACK
Acknowledge (handshake signal); asserted in response to a
request for access (/REQ)
29
/RST
SCSI bus reset
30
/MSG
Message phase
32
/SEL
SCSI select
33
/I/O
Controls the direction of data movement: when this signal is
low, data is output from the disk drive; when it is high, data is
input
34
/C/D
Indicates whether data or control signals are on the SCSI bus:
when this signal is low, data is on the bus; when it is high,
control signals are on the bus
36
/REQ
Access request; the CPU asserts this signal to request access to
the hard disk
37, 38
MOTOR RET
Return for +5 V power supply for motor
39, 40
+5V MOTOR
+5 V power supply for the motor
14
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Table 2-4 lists and describes the interface signals for the 8-pin segment of the connector.
Table 2-4
Hard disk drive SCSI connector signal assignments – SCSI ID
Pin
Signal name
Description
1, 2, 3, 4, 8
Unused
These pins are not used and are not connected
electrically to the CPU
5
/ID1
SCSI ID 1
6
/ID2
SCSI ID 2
7
/ID4
SCSI ID 4
The internal hard disk is assigned a SCSI ID number (0-7). Pins 5-7 on the SCSI connector
are encoded and allow the CPU to select the appropriate device. Table 2-5 shows how
the ID signals are encoded.
Table 2-5
SCSI ID encoding
ID1: Pin 5
ID2:Pin 6
ID4: Pin 7
SCSI ID
High
High
High
0
Low
High
High
1
High
Low
High
2
Low
Low
High
3
High
High
Low
4
Low
High
Low
5
High
Low
Low
6
Low
Low
Low
7
Terminator
2
The hard disk has 1000-ohm termination resistors for all I/O signal lines. The lines are
pulled up to through the resistors to termination power.
240 MB Hard Disk Drive
15
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Power Requirements
2
Power drawn for the hard disk must be less than or equal to values shown in Table 2-6
for each mode. All measurements are under nominal environmental and voltage
conditions. The limits include 1000-ohm pull-up resistors on all signal lines.
Table 2-6
Mode
Power requirements for the 240 MB hard disk drive
Current (amps)
Mean
Startup (1)
Maximum
1.30
Random
operation (2)
0.50
0.60
Idle
0.30
0.35
NOTE 1 Startup values are peak values during response time of Power On
to Power Ready.
NOTE 2 Random operation values are RMS values with a 40% random seek,
40% write/read (1write in 10 reads) and 20% idle mode.
Inverter/Speaker Board
The inverter/speaker board is located in the clamshell housing, directly under the
display. It interfaces between the basic CPU and the active-matrix display and performs
the following basic functions for the PowerBook Duo 270c computer:
■
■
■
▲
It converts the DC power supplied by the computer’s battery to the AC power
required to drive the cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL), that provides the
backlighting for the active-matrix LCD display. Typical CCFL drive power is 400
VRMS (voltage root mean square) at 3mA, with maximum output of 2000V peak to
peak at 6 mA.
It provides pass-through circuitry for the data and timing signals, supplied by the
CSC to the LCD display, and for the +5V from the power supply.
It converts the DC voltage supplied by the computer’s battery to +5 VDC level
required for the LCD bias, which is typically +5 V at 200 mA.
WARNING
You should not open or modify any of the circuitry associated with the
inverter/speaker board. The PowerBook Duo 270c active-matrix display
is assembled into the clamshell housing in a clean room environment.
Opening up the equipment in any other environment could cause
damage to the unit. The high-voltage inverter/speaker board may pose
a risk if you are handling the board. The LCD display is susceptible to
damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD). ▲
16
Inverter/Speaker Board
2
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Clamshell Housing
2
The PowerBook Duo 270c computer is housed in a clamshell case. Since the display is 3.8
millimeters (0.149 inches) thicker than the original PowerBook Duo display, the overall
housing is also thicker than the original PowerBook Duo housing. When the case is
closed, it measures 203.2 millimeters by 274.32 millimeters (8 inches by 10.8 inches), and
is 36.8 millimeters (1.449 inches) deep. Figure 2-7 shows an open view of the clamshell.
IMPORTANT
Since the clamshell case is slightly deeper than the case of the original
PowerBook Duo, if you plan to use the PowerBook Duo 270c computer
with the Duo Dock, you cannot use a standard Duo Dock. The slot is not
deep enough to accommodate the PowerBook Duo 270c clamshell case.
There are two solutions. You may upgrade the top shell of an existing
Duo Dock to enlarge the slot. Future Duo Docks will accommodate the
deeper case, and will not require modification. ▲
Clamshell Housing
17
C H A P T E R
2
Hardware Modifications
Figure 2-5
The PowerBook Duo 270c computer housing in open position
Curved housing
Open/close latch
Sleep LED
16-level grayscale
supertwist display
Speaker
Apple logo and
product name
Display
clutch
assembly
Brightness
Microphone
2mm travel keyboard
Cap lock
LED
Trackball
NiHy battery
160 or 240 MB
hard disk
Clamshell switch
18
Clamshell Housing
Power key
C H A P T E R 3
Figure 3-0
Listing 3-0
Table 3-0
Software Modifications
3
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
This chapter describes the software modifications required to support the PowerBook
Duo 270c computer. The changes are associated with
■
the System ROM and Enabler
■
battery reconditioning
■
the control panels
System ROM
3
The 1 MB ROM used in the PowerBook Duo 270c system is a universal ROM and
supports all existing products based on the 68020, 68030, and 68040 microprocessors.
Additions to the ROM code support the following PowerBook Duo 270c features:
■
built-in color video
■
the internal floating-point unit
■
refresh operation for up to 32 MB of DRAM
■
extended power management capabilities
■
improved support for the AppleTalk network
■
diagnostic support for the FPU and the CSC chip registers
The ROM also supports several docking station features, such as an external cache, and
enhancements to the docking process.
The PowerBook Duo 270c system Enabler, known as Figeac, is designed to be compatible
with the entire family of PowerBook Duo products. The Enabler resides in the System
Folder, and it enables you to add system enhancements.
The PowerBook Duo 270c ROM version number is $27, the CPU ID bits are A55A 1002,
the box flag is 71, and the Gestalt ID is 77.
Video Support
This section describes the software support provided for both 8-bit and 16-bit color. The
basic techniques used are similar to those used in other Macintosh color monitors.
However, certain software modifications are required to support the LCD display, as
opposed to the CRT displays used with Apple desktop computers. Inside Macintosh,
Volume VI, Chapters 16 through 19, and Inside Macintosh: Imaging With QuickDraw,
provide additional background information on video color.
One basic difference between the PowerBook Duo 270c LCD display and Apple CRT
displays is that while the CRT display uses a digital-to-analog interface to achieve the
colors represented in the color lookup table, the LCD display uses a digital-to-digital
interface.
20
System ROM
3
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
8-Bit Color
3
The CSC video driver resides in the slot 0 configuration (declaration) ROM (part
of the system ROM on the main logic board). The driver supports 8-bit color on a
640-by-480-pixel screen.
The 8-bits-per-pixel configuration produces 256 colors. Figure 3-1 shows the color
lookup table with values for sample indexes (pixels). You are advised to select colors
from first 215 entries in the color table. The values of the entries are based upon
combinations of 00, 33, 66, 99, CC, and FF.
The last 40 entries in the table are assigned to shades of pure red, green, blue, and gray,
and are based upon combinations of 00, 11, 22, 44, 55, 77, 88, AA, BB, and EE. These
entries are ramped and dithered, to produce the various shades. Dithering, which may
be implemented spatially or temporally, mixes primary colors to produce the effect of a
range of different shades.
Appendix A, “Color Lookup Table,” provides a complete listing of the 256 indexes and
their values.
Figure 3-1
PowerBook Duo 270c color lookup table
Pixel 15
R = FF
G = 99
B = 66
Pixel 0
R = FF
G = FF
B = FF
Pixel 66
R = CC
G = 00
B = FF
Pixel 216
R = EE
G = 00
B = 00
Pixel 215
R = 00
G = 00
B = 33
Shaded pixels represent first 216 entries in the color table
Plain pixels represent the last 40 entries in the color table
System ROM
Pixel 255
R = 00
G = 00
B = 00
21
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
16-Bit Color
3
You may select 16-bit color from an option in the Monitor control panel. If you select this
option, the image area on the LCD display is reduced to 640 x 400 pixels and narrow
black bands appears at the top and bottom of the screen. With 16-bit color, you have
access to thousands of different colors.
Support for Internal FPU
3
The PowerBook Duo 270c computer contains an internal FPU. When the PowerBook
Duo 270c is installed in a Duo Dock or attached to the Duo MiniDock or Duo Floppy
Adapter, an external FPU may also be installed on the main logic board of the dock or
the adapter. The external FPU takes priority over the internal FPU, and the default
power-on procedure disables the internal FPU to prevent a possible conflict. The startup
sequence has been modified to detect the presence of an external FPU. If there is no
external FPU, the PowerBook Duo 270c computer’s internal FPU is enabled.
Support for Extended DRAM
3
The memory system controller (MSC) installed on the PowerBook Duo 270c computer’s
main logic board supports up to 40 MB of self-refreshing DRAM. Currently, PowerBook
Duo 270c hardware provides decoding for up to 32 MB of DRAM.
Extended Power Management Capabilities
3
The latest release of the Power Manager code, which resides in the PowerBook Duo 270c
ROM, allows you to modify the system time without impacting the battery-charging
algorithm. Firmware features added for the PowerBook Duo 270c computer also support
a sleep LED, version dependent code, 4/5A Panasonic battery support, and battery
conditioning.
The Power Manager section of the PowerBook Duo 270c ROM provides a standard set of
routines that you may access. All other routines are private.
Network Support
3
The latest version of AppleTalk is included in both the PowerBook Duo 270c ROM and
the System Disk. The new version of AppleTalk is more efficient in remembering
network settings when the PowerBook Duo 270c computer is being docked or undocked.
AppleTalk resources are removed from the System Enabler file. The Installer application
installs AppleTalk files directly into the System file when needed.
Diagnostic Support
The PowerBook Duo 270c ROM enables diagnostic testing for the FPU, the CSC chip
registers, and the VRAM by means of the CSC.
22
System ROM
3
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
Battery Reconditioning
3
The PowerBook Duo 270c computer is powered either by a main wall supply or by its
battery unit. When the computer is plugged in, it can decide whether power is supplied
by the wall supply or by the battery. This feature makes it easier to initiate a battery
reconditioning cycle. All you need to do is initiate the Recondition application and
proceed through a number of informational dialog boxes. After you have approved all
stages by clicking the OK button, the application configures the Power Manager to
perform the reconditioning process.
When reconditioning starts, the Power Manager is placed in forced discharge mode. In
this mode, the Power Manager switches the external power adapter off and ignores all
the low power levels, including hardware shutdown. It disables the battery charging
circuit, although it turns it on once every second to read the battery voltage. The Power
Manager stays in this forced discharge mode until Battery Recondition clears it. This
occurs either when the battery has been reconditioned or when you abort the process.
Before Reconditioning
3
To recondition the battery, you must plug the PowerBook Duo 270c power adapter into
the main power supply. If the adapter is not plugged in when you initiate the
Recondition application the dialog box shown in Figure 3-2 appears on the screen. The
OK button is not available until you plug in the adapter. If you unplug the power
adapter while the battery is being reconditioned, the application terminates and no
further dialog boxes are displayed.
Figure 3-2
Power adapter warning
Battery Reconditioning
23
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
IMPORTANT
In all dialog boxes associated with reconditioning the battery, you have
to make a conscious decision to recondition the battery. All defaults
cause the application to terminate. This is important for a variety of
reasons: the reconditioning process takes about two hours, and you do
not want to enter the process inadvertently; you should not recondition
the battery more frequently than every 30 days; and when you initiate
the Recondition application, all other applications shut down. ▲
Reconditioning Dialog Boxes
3
The Recondition application has several levels of informational dialog box. The first
level, shown in Figure 3-3 contains general information. You open this dialog box if you
want to initiate the application to see what it does. The dialog box briefly explains the
battery memory effect and the reconditioning process. It summarizes the information
found in the user’s manual.
IMPORTANT
As you proceed through the reconditioning process, the default button
in each dialog box is Quit. If you hit the Enter or Return key while a
dialog box is displayed on the screen, the Recondition application
automatically quits. To initiate or proceed with the reconditioning
process, you have to click OK or Recondition. ▲
Figure 3-3
Initial information dialog box
The only control in the initial information dialog box is the OK button. When you click
this button you proceed to the Main Informational dialog box, shown in Figure 3-4. This
box displays specific information about the battery, including battery type, serial
24
Battery Reconditioning
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
number, and the date the battery was last reconditioned. The default control for this
dialog is the Quit button. You have to click the Recondition button to start reconditioning.
Figure 3-4
Main informational dialog box
If it has been less than 30 days since the battery was last reconditioned, the message
shown in Figure 3-5 is displayed as part of the main informational dialog box.
Figure 3-5
Less-than-30-days message
Message
Battery Reconditioning
25
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
If you decide to proceed with reconditioning, and have reconditioned the battery within
the last 30 days, the dialog box shown in Figure 3-6 appears on the screen. It warns you
not to recondition the battery but gives you the option of proceeding.
Figure 3-6
Final confirmation: less than 30 days
Once you have decided to go ahead and recondition the battery, the Power Manager is
reconfigured to forced discharge, all open applications, including the Finder, are closed,
and the screen is blanked. The Recondition application code enters a loop as it waits for
the battery to reach the required voltage. During this wait period, the symbol shown in
Figure 3-7 is displayed on the screen to let you know that the machine is still running. If
you wish to terminate the Recondition application, you may press Command and period.
Figure 3-7
Waiting image
If you decide to quit the application, the application restores the machine state and exits.
The Finder restarts the system. If you continue reconditioning the battery, the process
continues until the battery reaches the required voltage, at which point the dialog box
shown in Figure 3-8 appears on the screen.
Figure 3-8
26
Completion dialog box
Battery Reconditioning
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
This dialog box is displayed for one minute, during which time you may click the OK
button. If you do not click the button, the application automatically times out, and the
dialog box goes away automatically. When the reconditioning process has been
completed, the Preferences file is updated to indicate that the battery has been
reconditioned.
PowerBook Duo 270c Control Panels
3
The functions controlled by the PowerBook Duo control panel have been split between
two panels: PowerBook Setup and PowerBook. Having two panels makes it easier to
control functions currently available with the PowerBook Duo 270c computer and leaves
room for growth. Dimming has been moved from PowerBook Display and is now part of
PowerBook. Mirror remains in PowerBook Display.
The first control panel, PowerBook Setup, controls setup functions for the modem port
configuration, SCSI disk mode, and automatic wakeup.
The second panel, PowerBook, is a power management control panel. It contains the
battery conservation controls, including those items generally available through the
Options button in PowerBook version 7.1: sleep, processor cycling, and Econo-Mode. It
controls backlight dimming, and it can also automatically change the Power Manager
configuration based on the machine’s power source.
PowerBook Setup Panel
3
The PowerBook Duo 270c computer’s PowerBook Setup control panel is a modified
version of the PowerBook control panel that shipped with System 7.1. It is essentially the
same control panel, but with all power conservation features removed.
The PowerBook Setup panel has been further modified to accommodate different
modem configurations. The modem controls in the PowerBook Setup control panel
distinguish between the Express Modem and other modems. Figure 3-9 shows the
PowerBook Setup panel with modem controls.
PowerBook Duo 270c Control Panels
27
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
Figure 3-9
PowerBook Setup panel
The control panel determines what type of modem is installed and chooses the
appropriate control titles. If an Express Modem is present, “Internal Modem” is changed
to “Compatible” and “External Modem” to “Normal.” The functions associated with the
radio buttons have not changed. However, the titles are different to remove the
confusion generated by the incorrect use of internal/external modem when an Express
Modem is installed.
If you have an Express Modem installed, you should use the Normal setting. In this
mode, the modem is accessed through the Communications ToolBox (CTB). If you are
using an application that is not CTB-aware, you should use the Compatible setting. This
will patch the existing serial driver to route serial commands through the CTB to the
Express Modem.
If you have a third-party internal modem installed, the control titles will be Internal
Modem and External Modem, and they will behave as expected, with Internal Modem
selecting the modem installed in the system. These titles are the same as those used in
PowerBook 7.1.
IMPORTANT
If you select Compatible, port A (Printer/Modem, Modem) is not
available for serial connections. However, AppleTalk is still available.
▲
PowerBook Control Panel
The PowerBook control panel, shown in Figure 3-10, is a completely new control panel.
It controls only those functions associated with battery and power conservation, as
described in the next two sections. The PowerBook control panel is designed for two
different groups of users: those who require the power management procedure to be as
simple and transparent as possible and power users who wish to have complete control
over the power management function.
28
PowerBook Duo 270c Control Panels
3
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
Figure 3-10
PowerBook control panel
Information about power management is stored in the Preferences file in the System
Folder. When the system is booted, the file is read and the contents are stored
permanently in memory.
Custom and Easy Controls for Battery Conservation
3
There are two methods of accessing controls. Initially, if you open the PowerBook control
panel, you will see one simple slider switch (see Figure 3-10), Better Conservation/Better
Performance. You may adjust this slider, as required, to improve battery conservation or
system performance, or you may leave it in the default position.
If you toggle the Easy/Custom box in the control panel, you will be able to access three
additional sliders that are subsets of Battery Conservation. They are System Sleeps, Hard
Disk Spins Down, and Backlight Dims. If you move any of these sliders, the change will
be reflected in the Better Conservation/Better Performance slider, alerting you as to
whether the change improves performance or provides better conservation. The controls
revert to the single slider if you toggle the Easy/Custom control again. The PowerBook
control panel remembers the state in which the controls were left when last used.
Power Conservation
3
There are two modes of battery conservation. One is used when the PowerBook Duo
270c computer is plugged into AC main power, and the other is used when the computer
is running on its battery. A TimeMgr task installed by system extension in the
PowerBook Duo file can automatically change the power management settings based on
the machine environment.
When the PowerBook Duo 270c computer is shipped, the Power Conservation part of
the PowerBook control panel is set with the default settings for Power Adapter and Auto
PowerBook Duo 270c Control Panels
29
C H A P T E R
2
Software Modifications
enabled, as shown in Figure 3-10. If you are using Easy mode, you will not be able to
edit these settings. If you are in Custom mode, you can enable or disable automatic
conservation (Auto), select either Battery or Power Adapter as the power source, or
revert to the default settings. The changes you make in this panel are stored in the
Preferences file.
At certain times, the PowerBook control panel compares the current Power Manager
settings with both sets of parameters. It does this during open and activate events, when
you switch from Manual to Auto power conservations, and when you switch to Custom
mode. If a match is found, the name of the matching set is displayed in the pop-up
menu, and both the menu and the default button are active. If no match is found, No Set
Selected is shown in the pop-up menu, and both menu and default buttons are inactive.
Once a valid set is selected, No Set Selected is removed from the pop-up menu.
30
PowerBook Duo 270c Control Panels
A P P E N D I X
Figure A-0
Listing A-0
Table A-0
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
A
This appendix contains more information about the PowerBook Duo 270c color
lookup. Table A-1 shows the values for each index. Index numbers are shown in
hexadecimal ($0000, $0001, etc.) and decimal (0, 1, etc.). Red (R) green (G), and blue (B)
values are shown in hexadecimal ($FFFF, $CCCC, etc.). The first 215 entries are the RGB
combinations, made up of 00, 33, 66, 99, CC, and FF. These colors are not dithered. You
should generally select colors from these 215 entries of the CLUT.
The last 40 entries are assigned to red ramp, green ramp, blue ramp, and to gray scales.
These last 40 entries are dithered, either spatially or temporally, to produce various
shades of red, green, blue, and gray. The entries are made up of combinations of 00, 11,
22, 44, 55, 77, 88, AA, BB, DD, and EE.
Table A-1
Color look up table
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$0000
0
$FFFF
$FFFF
$FFFF
$0001
1
$FFFF
$FFFF
$CCCC
$0002
2
$FFFF
$FFFF
$9999
$0003
3
$FFFF
$FFFF
$6666
$0004
4
$FFFF
$FFFF
$3333
$0005
5
$FFFF
$FFFF
$0000
$0006
6
$FFFF
$CCCC
$FFFF
$0007
7
$FFFF
$CCCC
$CCCC
$0008
8
$FFFF
$CCCC
$9999
$0009
9
$FFFF
$CCCC
$6666
$000A
10
$FFFF
$CCCC
$3333
$000B
11
$FFFF
$CCCC
$0000
$000C
12
$FFFF
$9999
$FFFF
$000D
13
$FFFF
$9999
$CCCC
$000E
14
$FFFF
$9999
$9999
$000F
15
$FFFF
$9999
$6666
$0010
16
$FFFF
$9999
$3333
$0011
17
$FFFF
$9999
$0000
31
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
32
Color look up table (continued)
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$0012
18
$FFFF
$6666
$FFFF
$0013
19
$FFFF
$6666
$CCCC
$0014
20
$FFFF
$6666
$9999
$0015
21
$FFFF
$6666
$6666
$0016
22
$FFFF
$6666
$3333
$0017
23
$FFFF
$6666
$0000
$0018
24
$FFFF
$3333
$FFFF
$0019
25
$FFFF
$3333
$CCCC
$001A
26
$FFFF
$3333
$9999
$001B
27
$FFFF
$3333
$6666
$001C
28
$FFFF
$3333
$3333
$001D
29
$FFFF
$3333
$0000
$001E
30
$FFFF
$0000
$FFFF
$001F
31
$FFFF
$0000
$CCCC
$0020
32
$FFFF
$0000
$9999
$0021
33
$FFFF
$0000
$6666
$0022
34
$FFFF
$0000
$3333
$0023
35
$FFFF
$0000
$0000
$0024
36
$CCCC
$FFFF
$FFFF
$0025
37
$CCCC
$FFFF
$CCCC
$0026
38
$CCCC
$FFFF
$9999
$0027
39
$CCCC
$FFFF
$6666
$0028
40
$CCCC
$FFFF
$3333
$0029
41
$CCCC
$FFFF
$0000
$002A
42
$CCCC
$CCCC
$FFFF
$002B
43
$CCCC
$CCCC
$CCCC
$002C
44
$CCCC
$CCCC
$CCCC
$002D
45
$CCCC
$CCCC
$6666
$002E
46
$CCCC
$CCCC
$3333
$002F
47
$CCCC
$CCCC
$0000
$0030
48
$CCCC
$9999
$FFFF
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
Color look up table (continued)
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$0031
49
$CCCC
$9999
$CCCC
$0032
50
$CCCC
$9999
$9999
$0033
51
$CCCC
$9999
$6666
$0034
52
$CCCC
$9999
$3333
$0035
53
$CCCC
$9999
$0000
$0036
54
$CCCC
$6666
$FFFF
$0037
55
$CCCC
$6666
$CCCC
$0038
56
$CCCC
$6666
$9999
$0039
57
$CCCC
$6666
$6666
$003A
58
$CCCC
$6666
$3333
$003B
59
$CCCC
$6666
$0000
$003C
60
$CCCC
$3333
$FFFF
$003D
61
$CCCC
$3333
$CCCC
$003E
62
$CCCC
$3333
$9999
$003F
63
$CCCC
$3333
$6666
$0040
64
$CCCC
$3333
$3333
$0041
65
$CCCC
$3333
$0000
$0042
66
$CCCC
$0000
$FFFF
$0043
67
$CCCC
$0000
$CCCC
$0044
68
$CCCC
$0000
$9999
$0045
69
$CCCC
$0000
$6666
$0046
70
$CCCC
$0000
$3333
$0047
71
$CCCC
$0000
$0000
$0048
72
$9999
$FFFF
$FFFF
$0049
73
$9999
$FFFF
$CCCC
$004A
74
$9999
$FFFF
$9999
$004B
75
$9999
$FFFF
$6666
$004C
76
$9999
$FFFF
$3333
$004D
77
$9999
$FFFF
$0000
$004E
78
$9999
$9999
$FFFF
$004F
79
$9999
$CCCC
$CCCC
33
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
34
Color look up table (continued)
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$0050
80
$9999
$CCCC
$9999
$0051
81
$9999
$CCCC
$6666
$0052
82
$9999
$CCCC
$3333
$0053
83
$9999
$CCCC
$0000
$0054
84
$9999
$9999
$FFFF
$0055
85
$9999
$9999
$CCCC
$0056
86
$9999
$9999
$9999
$0057
87
$9999
$9999
$6666
$0058
88
$9999
$9999
$3333
$0059
89
$9999
$9999
$0000
$005A
90
$9999
$6666
$FFFF
$005B
91
$9999
$6666
$CCCC
$005C
92
$9999
$6666
$9999
$005D
93
$9999
$6666
$6666
$005E
94
$9999
$6666
$3333
$005F
95
$9999
$6666
$0000
$0060
96
$9999
$3333
$FFFF
$0061
97
$9999
$3333
$CCCC
$0062
98
$9999
$3333
$9999
$0063
99
$9999
$3333
$6666
$0064
100
$9999
$3333
$3333
$0065
101
$9999
$3333
$0000
$0066
102
$9999
$0000
$FFFF
$0067
103
$9999
$0000
$CCCC
$0068
104
$9999
$0000
$9999
$0069
105
$9999
$0000
$6666
$006A
106
$9999
$0000
$3333
$006B
107
$9999
$0000
$0000
$006C
108
$6666
$FFFF
$FFFF
$006D
109
$6666
$FFFF
$CCCC
$006E
110
$6666
$FFFF
$9999
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
Color look up table (continued)
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$006F
111
$6666
$FFFF
$6666
$0070
112
$6666
$FFFF
$3333
$0071
113
$6666
$FFFF
$0000
$0072
114
$6666
$CCCC
$FFFF
$0073
115
$6666
$CCCC
$CCCC
$0074
116
$6666
$CCCC
$9999
$0075
117
$6666
$CCCC
$6666
$0076
118
$6666
$CCCC
$3333
$0077
119
$6666
$CCCC
$0000
$0078
120
$6666
$9999
$FFFF
$0079
121
$6666
$9999
$CCCC
$007A
122
$6666
$9999
$9999
$007B
123
$6666
$9999
$6666
$007C
124
$6666
$9999
$3333
$007D
125
$6666
$9999
$0000
$007E
126
$6666
$6666
$FFFF
$007F
127
$6666
$6666
$CCCC
$0080
128
$6666
$6666
$9999
$0081
129
$6666
$6666
$6666
$0082
130
$6666
$6666
$3333
$0083
131
$6666
$6666
$0000
$0084
132
$6666
$3333
$FFFF
$0085
133
$6666
$3333
$CCCC
$0086
134
$6666
$3333
$9999
$0087
135
$6666
$3333
$6666
$0088
136
$6666
$3333
$3333
$0089
137
$6666
$3333
$0000
$008A
138
$6666
$0000
$FFFF
$008B
139
$6666
$0000
$CCCC
$008C
140
$6666
$0000
$9999
$008D
141
$6666
$0000
$6666
35
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
36
Color look up table (continued)
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$008E
142
$6666
$0000
$3333
$008F
143
$6666
$0000
$0000
$0090
144
$3333
$FFFF
$FFFF
$0091
145
$3333
$FFFF
$CCCC
$0092
146
$3333
$FFFF
$9999
$0093
147
$3333
$FFFF
$6666
$0094
148
$3333
$FFFF
$3333
$0095
149
$3333
$FFFF
$0000
$0096
150
$3333
$CCCC
$FFFF
$0097
151
$3333
$CCCC
$CCCC
$0098
152
$3333
$CCCC
$9999
$0099
153
$3333
$CCCC
$6666
$009A
154
$3333
$CCCC
$3333
$009B
155
$3333
$CCCC
$0000
$009C
156
$3333
$9999
$FFFF
$009D
157
$3333
$9999
$CCCC
$009E
158
$3333
$9999
$9999
$009F
159
$3333
$9999
$6666
$00A0
160
$3333
$9999
$3333
$00A1
161
$3333
$9999
$0000
$00A2
162
$3333
$6666
$FFFF
$00A3
163
$3333
$6666
$CCCC
$00A4
164
$3333
$6666
$9999
$00A5
165
$3333
$6666
$6666
$00A6
166
$3333
$6666
$3333
$00A7
167
$3333
$6666
$0000
$00A8
168
$3333
$3333
$FFFF
$00A9
169
$3333
$3333
$CCCC
$00AA
170
$3333
$3333
$9999
$00AB
171
$3333
$3333
$6666
$00AC
172
$3333
$3333
$3333
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
Color look up table (continued)
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$00AD
173
$3333
$3333
$0000
$00AE
174
$3333
$0000
$FFFF
$00AF
175
$3333
$0000
$CCCC
$00B0
176
$3333
$0000
$9999
$00B1
177
$3333
$0000
$6666
$00B2
178
$3333
$0000
$3333
$00B3
179
$3333
$0000
$0000
$00B4
180
$0000
$FFFF
$FFFF
$00B5
181
$0000
$FFFF
$CCCC
$00B6
182
$0000
$FFFF
$9999
$00B7
183
$0000
$FFFF
$6666
$00B8
184
$0000
$FFFF
$3333
$00B9
185
$0000
$FFFF
$0000
$00BA
186
$0000
$CCCC
$FFFF
$00BB
187
$0000
$CCCC
$CCCC
$00BC
188
$0000
$CCCC
$9999
$00BD
189
$0000
$CCCC
$6666
$00BE
190
$0000
$CCCC
$3333
$00BF
191
$0000
$CCCC
$0000
$00C0
192
$0000
$9999
$FFFF
$00C1
193
$0000
$9999
$CCCC
$00C2
194
$0000
$9999
$9999
$00C3
195
$0000
$9999
$6666
$00C4
196
$0000
$9999
$3333
$00C5
197
$0000
$9999
$0000
$00C6
198
$0000
$6666
$FFFF
$00C7
199
$0000
$6666
$CCCC
$00C8
200
$0000
$6666
$9999
$00C9
201
$0000
$6666
$6666
$00CA
202
$0000
$6666
$3333
$00CB
203
$0000
$3333
$0000
37
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
38
Color look up table (continued)
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$00CC
204
$0000
$3333
$FFFF
$00CD
205
$0000
$3333
$CCCC
$00CE
206
$0000
$3333
$9999
$00CF
207
$0000
$3333
$6666
$00D0
208
$0000
$3333
$3333
$00D1
209
$0000
$0000
$0000
$00D2
210
$0000
$0000
$FFFF
$00D3
211
$0000
$0000
$CCCC
$00D4
212
$0000
$0000
$9999
$00D5
213
$0000
$0000
$6666
$00D6
214
$0000
$0000
$3333
$00D7
215
$EEEE
$0000
$0000
$00D8
216
$DDDD
$0000
$0000
$00D9
217
$BBBB
$0000
$0000
$00DA
218
$AAAA
$0000
$0000
$00DB
219
$8888
$0000
$0000
$00DC
220
$7777
$0000
$0000
$00DD
221
$5555
$0000
$0000
$00DE
222
$4444
$0000
$0000
$00DF
223
$2222
$0000
$0000
$00E0
224
$1111
$0000
$0000
$00E1
225
$0000
$EEEE
$0000
$00E2
226
$0000
$0000
$0000
$00E3
227
$0000
$BBBB
$0000
$00E4
228
$0000
$AAAA
$0000
$00E5
229
$0000
$8888
$0000
$00E6
230
$0000
$7777
$0000
$00E7
231
$0000
$5555
$0000
$00E8
232
$0000
$4444
$0000
$00E9
233
$0000
$2222
$0000
$00EA
234
$0000
$1111
$0000
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
Table A-1
Color look up table (continued)
Index (hex)
Index
(dec)
R value
G value
B value
$00EB
235
$0000
$0000
$EEEE
$00EC
236
$0000
$0000
$DDDD
$00ED
237
$0000
$0000
$BBBB
$00EE
238
$0000
$0000
$AAAA
$00EF
239
$0000
$0000
$8888
$00F0
240
$0000
$0000
$7777
$00F1
241
$0000
$0000
$5555
$00F2
242
$0000
$0000
$4444
$00F3
243
$0000
$0000
$2222
$00F4
244
$0000
$0000
$1111
$00F5
245
$EEEE
$EEEE
$EEEE
$00F6
246
$DDDD
$DDDD
$DDDD
$00F7
247
$BBBB
$BBBB
$BBBB
$00F8
248
$AAAA
$AAAA
$AAAA
$00F9
249
$8888
$8888
$8888
$00FA
250
$7777
$7777
$7777
$00FB
251
$5555
$5555
$5555
$00FC
252
$4444
$4444
$4444
$00FD
253
$2222
$2222
$2222
$00FE
254
$1111
$1111
$1111
$00FF
255
$0000
$0000
$0000
39
A P P E N D I X
A
Color Lookup Table (CLUT)
40
Index
Numerals
custom controls 29
custom mode 29
16-bit color 22
8-bit color 21
D
A
active-matrix color display 3, 6
APDA addresses ix
B
battery 3
reconditioning 23
battery conservation
custom controls 29
easy controls 29
battery reconditioning dialog boxes
completion 26
final confirmation less than 30
days 26
initial information 24
less-than-30-days message 25
main informational 25
waiting image 26
block diagram 4
box flag 20
bracket, hard disk drive 12
C
clamshell housing modifications 17
color control chip 8
color lookup table 31
color table 21
Combo chip 3
Communications Toolbox 28
completion dialog box 26
Control Panels 27
conventions used in book vii
CPU ID bits 20
CSC 8
CSC video driver 21
dimensions, hard disk drive 11
display 3
dithering 20
DRAM 2
DRAM expansion 2, 22
E
easy controls 29
easy mode 29
Enabler 20
environmental specifications, hard
disk drive 9
Express Modem 27, 28
installation 10
interface 12, 13
power requirements 16
SCSI connector 13
terminator 15
hardware modifications 2, 6
housing, hard disk drive 10, 11
I
ID encoding, SCSI 15
initial information dialog box 24
installation, hard disk drive 10
integrated floating-point unit 2, 8
interface, hard disk drive 12, 13
internal FPU 22
internal modem 27, 28
inverter/speaker board 3, 16
I/O connector 3
K
F
fax card 3
features
active-matrix color display 6
PowerBook Duo 270c
computer 2
final confirmation less than 30
days 26
floating-point unit 2
forced discharge 26
forced discharge mode 23
FPU 22
H
hard disk drive 2, 9
bracket 12
environmental specifications 9
housing 11
housing requirements 10
keyboard 3
L
less-than-30-days dialog box 25
M
main informational dialog box 25
main logic board 7, 8
microphone 3
modem card 3
modem control panel 28
modems 27, 28
modifications
clamshell housing 17
hardware 2, 6
software 2, 20
41
I N D E X
N
network 22
new features 2
nickel metal hydride battery 3
P
power adapter warning 23
PowerBook control panel 28
PowerBook Setup panel 28
power conservation 29
power management 22
power management control
panel 27
Power Manager 2, 23, 26
power requirements, hard disk
drive 16
Preferences file 29
processor 2
Serial Communication Controller
(SCC) 3
serial port 28
signal assignments, SCSI
connector 13, 15
Small Computer System Interface
(SCSI) controller 3
software modifications 2, 20
sound 3
speakers 3
system block diagram 4
system controller 2
system control panel 27
modification 27
system Enabler 20
system ROM 20
T
terminator, hard disk drive 15
R
U
Recondition application 24, 26
reconditioning dialog boxes 24
reconditioning for battery 23
reference material viii
related documentation viii
ROM 3
system 20
universal 20
version number 20
ROM support
AppleTalk 22
CSC video 21
diagnostics 22
docking station 20
DRAM expansion 22
internal FPU 22
network 22
power management 22
universal ROM 20
S
SCSI connector
hard disk drive 13
signal assignments 13, 15
SCSI ID encoding 15
42
V
video components 3
W
waiting image 26
I N D E X
43
T H E
A P P L E
P U B L I S H I N G
S Y S T E M
This Apple manual was written, edited,
and composed on a desktop publishing
system using Apple Macintosh
computers and FrameMaker software.
Proof pages were created on an Apple
LaserWriter IINTX printer. Final page
negatives were output directly from text
files on an AGFA ProSet 9800
imagesetter. Line art was created using
Adobe Illustrator. PostScript , the
page-description language for the
LaserWriter, was developed by Adobe
Systems Incorporated.
Text type is Palatino and display type is
Helvetica. Bullets are ITC Zapf
Dingbats. Some elements, such as
program listings, are set in Apple Courier.
WRITER
Joyce D. Mann
DEVELOPMENTAL EDITOR
Beverley Zegarski
ILLUSTRATOR
Deborah Dennis
PRODUCTION EDITOR
Gerri Gray
Special thanks to Mike Puckett, Clark
Donahue, Markus Wallgren, Bill
Schonfeld, Ray Kubick, and Rolly Reed
Draft. Preliminary, Confidential. 1995 Apple Computer, Inc. 3/14/95
Colophon--A-W
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