Drolet | ECO-35 | Owner`s manual | Drolet ECO-35 Owner`s manual

MODEL ECO-45
OWNER’S MANUAL
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Warning: If your appliance is not properly installed a house fire may result. For your safety, follow
the installation directions. Contact local building or fire officials about restrictions and installation
inspection requirements in your area.
PLEASE read this entire manual before installation and use of this pellet fuel-burning room heater.
Failure to follow these instructions could result in property damage, bodily injury, or even death.
Save these instructions.
Some surfaces become hot at higher feeding rates. To prevent potential burns, avoid contact with
those areas.
This heating appliance must serve as a supplementary heat source. An alternative heat source
should be available in the home if needed. The manufacturer cannot be responsible for additional
heating costs associated with the use of an alternative heat source.
It is highly recommended that the user buys this product from a retailer who can provide
installation and maintenance advice.
PROFESSIONAL INSTALLATION IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
Manufactured by:
Stove Builder International Inc.
Quebec City (Quebec)
CANADA
45167A
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INTRODUCTION
Thank you for purchasing the ECO-45 pellet stove. You are now prepared to burn wood in
the most efficient, convenient way possible. To achieve the safest, most efficient and most
enjoyable performance from your stove, you must do three things: 1) Install it properly; 2)
Operate it correctly; and 3) Maintain it regularly. The purpose of this manual is to help you do
all three.
PLEASE read this entire manual before installation and use of this palletized wood
burning room heater. Failure to follow these instructions could result in property
damage, bodily injury or even death.
Keep this manual handy for future reference.
You ECO-45 has been independently tested to ASTM E1509-95 Standard Specification for
Room Heaters, Pellet Fuel Burning Type 1, UL 1482-1998 and ULC-S627-00 Standard for
Solid Fuel Room Heaters, Oregon Administrative Rules for Mobile Homes (814-23-900
through 814-23-909) and Installation as a Stove Heater.
This pellet stove, when installed, must be electrically grounded in accordance with local
codes, or in the absence of local codes, with the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70
and CSA-C22.1.
This appliance is designed specifically for use only with pelletized wood. It is designed for
residential installation according to current national and local building codes as a freestanding
room heater. It is also approved as a mobile home heater which is designed for connection to
an outside combustion air source.
The stove will not operate using natural draft or without a power source for the blower
systems and fuel feed system and must not be burned with any type of coal.
This stove is designed to provide the optimum proportions of fuel and air to the fire in order to
burn free of smoke and soot. Any blockage of the air supply to or from the stove will seriously
degrade its performance and will be evidenced by a smoking exhaust and a sooting window.
For best operation, the ash content of the pellet fuel should be less than 1% and the calorific
value approximately 8,200 BTU/LB. Avoid high ash content fuels because this will rapidly fill
up the burn pot and eventually cut off the combustion air supply.
Commercial and industrial installations of the ECO-45 should not be used since operational
control is often not well managed in these settings.
REGISTER YOU WARRANTY ONLINE
To receive full warranty coverage, you will
need to show evidence of the date you
purchased your stove. Keep your sales
invoice. We also recommend that you
register your warranty online at
www.drolet.ca
Registering your warranty online will help us
track rapidly the information we need on your
stove.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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Do not operate your stove if you
smell smoke coming from it. Turn it off,
monitor it, and call your dealer.
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Never use gasoline, gasolinetype lantern fuel, kerosene, charcoal lighter
fluid, or similar liquids to start or “freshen
up” a fire in this stove. Keep all such liquids
well away from the stove while in use.
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Never block free airflow through
the open vents of the stove.
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Never try to repair or replace any
part of the stove unless instructions are
given in this manual. All other work should
be done by a trained technician.
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The stove will not operate during
a power outage. If an outage does occur,
check the stove for smoke spillage and
open a window if any smoke spills into the
room.
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Disconnect the power cord
before performing any maintenance or
repairs on the stove.
NOTE: Turning the stove “off” does not
disconnect all power from the stove.
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Do not unplug the stove if you
suspect a malfunction. Turn the stove off,
periodically inspect it, and call your dealer.
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Contact your local building
officials to obtain a permit and information
on any installation restrictions or inspection
requirements in your area. Notify your
insurance company of this stove as well.
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This unit must be properly
installed to prevent the possibility of a
house fire. The instructions must be strictly
adhered to. Do not use makeshift methods
or compromise in the installation.
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Allow the stove to cool before
carrying out any maintenance or cleaning.
Ashes must be disposed in a metal
container with a tight lid and placed on a
non combustible surface well away from
the home structure.
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This stove must be connected to
a standard 120 V., 60 Hz grounded
electrical outlet. Do not use an adapter
plug or sever the grounding plug. Do not
route the electrical cord underneath, in
front of, or over the stove.
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The exhaust system should be
checked, at a minimum, at least twice a
year for any build up of soot or creosote.
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Keep foreign objects out of the
hopper.
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Do not throw this manual away.
This manual has important operating and
maintenance instructions that you will need at
a later time. Always follow the instructions in
this manual.
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Do not place clothing or other
flammable items on or near the stove.
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The viewing door must be closed
and latched during operation.
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Do not operate the stove if the
flame becomes dark and sooty or if the burn
pot overfills with pellets. Turn the stove off,
periodically inspect it, and call your dealer.
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Do not touch the hot surfaces of the
heater. Educate all children of the danger of a
high temperature stove. Young children
should be supervised when they are in the
same room as the stove.
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If the stove is installed in a room
without air conditioning, or in an area where
direct sunlight can shine on the unit, it is
possible this can cause the temperature of
the stove to rise to operational levels; one of
the sensors could then make the stove start
on its own. It is recommended that the stove
be unplugged when not in use for extended
amounts of time (i.e. during the summer
months).
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The exhaust system must be
completely airtight and properly installed. All
vent connector joints must be sealed and
fastened in accordance with the pellet pipe
manufacturer's instructions to ensure
consistent performance and avoid smoke and
ash spillage.
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Your stove requires periodic
maintenance and cleaning. Failure to
maintain your stove may lead to smoke
spillage in your home.
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This stove is designed and
approved for pelletized wood fuel only. Any
other type of fuel burned in this heater will
void the warranty and safety listing.
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When installed in a mobile home,
the stove must be bolted to the floor, have
outside air, and NOT BE INSTALLED IN A
BEDROOM (Per H.U.D. requirements).
Check with local building officials.
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Stove Builder International Inc.
grants no warranty, implied or stated, for
the installation or maintenance of your
stove, and assumes no responsibility of
any consequential damage(s).
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------INTRODUCTION
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SPECIFICATIONS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------INSTALLATION
Preparation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Clearances
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Combustion Air Supply
-------------------------------------------------------------------------When Outside Air Is Not Used
----------------------------------------------------------------Venting
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Freestanding Installations
---------------------------------------------------------------------Log set installation
--------------------------------------------------------------------------Filters installation and cleaning
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------OPERATION
Proper Fuel
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Pre-Start-Up Check
------------------------------------------------------------------------------Building a Fire
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Lighting procedure
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Unit Controls
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Opening Door
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Convection blower
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------If Stove Runs Out Of Pellets
-------------------------------------------------------------------Damper Control
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Refueling
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Shutdown Procedure
----------------------------------------------------------------------------Safety Features
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Optional Thermostat
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Thermostat Installation
-------------------------------------------------------------------------(Please Read This) Operating Safety Precautions
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MAINTENANCE
Ash Removal
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ash Disposal
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Vacuum Use
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Cleaning
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Blowers
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chimney Cleaning
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Recommended Maintenance Schedule
----------------------------------------------------Removal & Replacement of Broken Door Glass
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
-------------------------------------------------------------------REPLACEMENT PARTS LIST
-------------------------------------------------------------------HORIZONTAL/VERTICAL VENT CHART
INSPECTION AND REPAIR FORM
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------WARRANTY
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INSTALLATION
5
ECO-45 FREESTANDING PELLET STOVE
BACK WALL
Width: 27”
Height: 30 1/2”
Depth: 28”
Weight: 230 lbs.
Flue size: 3” or 4”
Hopper Capacity: Up to 60 lbs.
(This can vary widely depending on pellet size, length, and diameter)
EPA status: exempt
Burn rate: 1.3 lbs to 5.5 lbs per hour
BTU range: 8,200 to 45,000
Electrical consumption: 3.5 Amps lighting cycle
2.5 Amps. continuous duty
Control board fuses: Main: 7.5A-250V fastblow
Igniter: 5A-250V fastblow
Electrical requirement: 120VAC 15A
Approved installations: mobile home, conventional
3"
SIDE WALL
2" *
6"
FIGURE 1
Back wall installation
PREPARATION
Factory packaging must be removed, and some minor assembly work is
required prior to installation:
The black knob must be attached to heat exchanger rod;
The black coil handle must be attached to the handle rod;
Filters may be inserted between finger guard and convection blower
(see “filters assembly” section).
3"
2"
ADJACENT WALL
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ADJACENT WALL
3"
CLEARANCES
The ECO-45 has been tested and listed for installation in residential, mobile
home.(refer figure 1 & 2)
2"
FLOOR PROTECTION: minimum 6” in the front and 6” on each side. The
stove must be placed on a continuous (grouted joints) noncombustible material
such as ceramic tile, cement board, brick, 3/8” millboard or equivalent, or other
approved or listed material suited for floor protection. NOTE: ceramic tile, or
any tile, requires a continuous sheet beneath to prevent the possibility of
embers falling through to the combustible floor if cracks or separation should
occur in the finished surface, this would include floor protection for Built-in
raised hearths. Check local codes for approved alternatives.
FIGURE 2
Corner installation
Clearances are measured from the sides, back and face (door opening) or
stove body (refer to fig. 3).
DO NOT USE MAKESHIFT MATERIALS OR COMPROMISES IN THE
INSTALLATION OF THIS UNIT.
INSTALL VENT WITH
MANUFACTURER.
CLEARANCES
SPECIFIED
BY
THE
VENT
6"
6"
6"
FIGURE 3
Floor protection
6
INSTALLATION
3
2516
COMBUSTION AIR SUPPLY
For a mobile home installation the stove must be connected to an
outside source of combustion air. A 3” inside diameter metallic pipe,
either flexible or rigid, may be attached to the inlet at the stove’s rear
(refer to figures 4, 5 & 6). A rodent guard (minimum ¼” wire mesh)
must be used at the terminus (refer to figure 5). All connections must
be secured and airtight by either using the appropriately sized hose
clamp and/or UL-181-AP foil tape.
EXHAUST
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3216
AIR INTAKE
For mobile home installations only: No combustion air supply
may exceed 10 feet.
Sources of Outside Combustion Air
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A hole in floor near stove rear terminating only in a
ventilated crawl space.
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A hole in the wall behind the stove.
1178
912
7
416
5
416
WHEN OUTSIDE AIR IS NOT USED
If outside air is not used, it is important that combustion air be easily
available to the air inlet. A closeable outside air register can be used
in tightly insulated homes.
FIGURE 4
Rear view
VENTING
The ECO-45 is certified for use with a vent certified to UL-103 or
ULC S629M and a chimney type vent certified to UL-641 or ULC-S609-M89 and ULC/ORD C441-M90, with 3” or 4” inner diameter. In
Canada, we recommend that you use a listed pellet vent that meets
the ULC S-609-M89 and ULC/ORD C441-M90 Standards. For the
United States, we recommend that you use a listed pellet vent that
th
meets the UL-641, 7 edition Standard. This unit can be vented in
an existing chimney with the addition of a liner if the chimney is
more than 4” in diameter. Class “A” chimney is not required. Refer
to the instructions provided by the vent or chimney manufacturer,
especially when passing through a wall, ceiling, or roof.
Your venting system should have at least one foot of vertical
rise for each foot of horizontal run. The total vertical rise
should never be less than 3 feet (see Appendix A).
This is a pressurized exhaust system. All vent connector joints must
be sealed and fastened in accordance with the pellet pipe
manufacturer's instructions to ensure consistent performance and
avoid smoke and ash spillage.
TRIM
COLLAR
FIGURE 5
Fresh air supply
DO NOT CONNECT THIS UNIT TO A CHIMNEY FLUE SERVING
ANOTHER APPLIANCE.
DO NOT INSTALL A FLUE DAMPER IN THE EXHAUST VENTING
SYSTEM OF THIS UNIT.
INSTALL VENT AT CLEARANCES SPECIFIED BY THE VENT
MANUFACTURER.
WARNING: DO NOT INSTALL IN SLEEPING ROOM
CAUTION:
THE
STRUCTURAL
INTEGRITY
OF
THE
MANUFACTURED HOME FLOOR, WALL, AND CEILING/ROOF
MUST BE MAINTAINED
VENTILATED
CRAWL SPACE
FIGURE 6
Fresh air supply
RODENT
GUARD
INSTALLATION
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Equivalent Vent Length (EVL)
The longer the run of pipe in your installation, the more restriction
there is in the system. Therefore, larger diameter pipe should be
used.
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Use 4” pipe if you have more than 15 feet of Equivalent Vent
Length (EVL).
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Horizontal runs shall not exceed 10 feet of EVL.
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To calculate EVL, use the following conversions table:
Qty
Type of pipe
EVL equivalent(ft)
1
90° elbow or “T”
5
1
45° elbow
3
1 ft
Horizontal pipe run
1
1 ft
Vertical pipe run
0.5
90 DEGREE ELBOW
45 DEGREE ELBOW
FOLLOW CHIMNEY OR
VENT MANUFACTURER'S
INSTRUCTIONS
TERMINATION
COLLAR
WALL
THIMBLE
WALL
STRAP
CLEAN OUT
TEE
FIGURE 7
Venting through wall
NOTE: At altitudes above 3,000 feet, we suggest the use of 4”
diameter vent at an EVL of 7 feet or more.
VERTICAL ROOF VENT
Here is an example on how to calculate the EVL of your installation.
(See Figure 8)
VERTICAL LENGTH 4' EVL = 4 X 0.5' = 2'
(3 x 4’ of vertical length = 12’ x 0.5 = 6 EVL) + (1 x elbow or "T" = 5
EVL) + (2 x 1’ of horizontal length = 2 EVL)
Total EVL = (6 + 5 +2) = 13. So 3” diameter vent is allowed
Note: Do not count the outside termination (goose neck) in the EVL
calculation.
FOLLOW CHIMNEY OR
VENT MANUFACTURER'S
INSTRUCTIONS
VERTICAL LENGTH 4' EVL = 4 X 0.5' = 2'
COUPE-FEU
MURAL
WALL
STRAP
VERTICAL LENGTH4' EVL = 4 X 0.5' = 2'
INSTALLATION CONFIGURATIONS
A. HORIZONTALLY THROUGH WALL
CLEAN OUT
TEE
90° ELBOW "T" LEE = 5'
(refer to Figure 7, 8, or 10)
NOTE: Follow the vent manufacturer’s instructions.
1.
Position stove, adhering to clearances shown in Figures 1 & 2.
2.
Locate position of hole in wall; directly behind stove exhaust
vent (refer to figure 4).
3.
Always maintain 3” clearance from combustible materials.
4.
Install a wall thimble as per the vent manufacturer’s
instructions.
5.
Attach enough piping to penetrate and extend at least 6 inches
beyond the exterior wall. There should always be at least one
foot of vertical rise for each foot of horizontal run (see
Appendix A). At least 3 feet of vertical rise are needed in all
cases. A longer vertical rise will favour a better exhaust.
6.
To reduce the risk of smoke spillage, never terminate with a
horizontal run. If your system terminates with a horizontal run,
add at least 3 feet of vertical rise (see Appendix A).
7.
Attach cap and seal outside wall thimbles with non-hardening
waterproof mastic.
1' HORIZONTAL RUN EVL = 1'
1' HORIZONTAL RUN EVL = 1'
FIGURE 8
Termination should not be located so that hot exhaust gases can ignite trees, shrubs, or
grasses or be a hazard to children. Exhaust gases can reach temperatures of 500ºF and
cause serious burns if touched.
Venting through wall
Locate terminations: a) not less than 3 feet above any forced
air inlet located within 10 feet; b) not less than 4 feet below
or horizontally from, or one foot above, any door, window or
gravity air inlet into any building; c) not less than two feet
from an adjacent building and not less than 7 feet above
grade when located adjacent to a public walkway. Mobile
home installations must use a spark arrester. Other
restrictions may apply, such as the need to maintain a
minimum distance to a gas meter. US and Canadian
Standards may vary. Consult the vent manufacturer’s
instructions.
8
INSTALLATION
B. VERTICALLY WITH NEW CHIMNEY SYSTEM (Refer to Figure
9 – Venting through roof)
NOTE: Follow Vent chimney manufacturer’s instructions.
OPTION: To achieve a centered vertical installation, a 45º elbow
and a clean-out tee can be used to offset the pipe from the exhaust
outlet to the rear center of the stove.
OPTION: Install Vent elbow in place of clean-out tee. Locate stove.
Drop plumb bob to center of tee outlet, mark point on ceiling. Install
ceiling support and Vent pipe per Vent manufacturer’s instructions.
1.
Always maintain 3” clearance from combustible materials.
When passing through additional floors or ceilings, always
install firestop spacer.
2.
After lining up for hole in roof, cut either a round or square hole
in roof, always 3” larger all the way around pipe. Install upper
edge and sides of flashing under roofing materials, nail to the
roof along upper edge. Do not nail lower edge. Seal nail heads
with flexible waterproof sealant.
3.
Apply flexible, waterproof sealant where the storm collar meets
the vent. Slide storm collar down until it sits on the flashing.
Seal and install cap. Mobile home installations must use a
spark arrester.
C. VERTICALLY INTO EXISTING CHIMNEY SYSTEM
As an alternative, 3” or 4” vent can be run inside existing chimney to
termination(Figure 11). This is the preferred method.
FIGURE 9
Venting through roof
Follow guidelines for equivalent vent length.
FOLLOW CHIMNEY OR
VENT MANUFACTURER'S
INSTRUCTIONS
WALL
STRAP
FOR BASEMENT INSTALLATION
A 4" PIPE IS RECOMMANDED
CLEAN OUT
TEE
BASEMENT INSTALLATION
CLEAN OUT
TEE
FIGURE 10
Basement installation
FIGURE 11
Venting through
existing chimney
INSTALLATION
b.
VERTICALLY
FIREPLACE
INTO
EXISTING
9
MASONRY
VERTICAL ROOF VENT
6"
NOTE: Follow the vent manufacturer’s instructions.
1.
Have the masonry chimney inspected by a qualified
chimney sweep or installer to determine its structural
condition.
2.
You will need a pipe length equal to the chimney height
from the hearth. If outside combustion air is to be used, you
will need a pipe length equal to the chimney height plus 18
inches.
3.
Install a blanking plate and the chimney pipe, and if used
the outside air pipe, as shown in Figure 12.
4.
Attach the DuraVent adapter, a section of pipe and clean
out tee, making sure the clean out tee is centered in the
chimney flue area. Use RTV, metallic tape, and a minimum
of three self-taping screws at all joint connections to ensure
a tight seal.
3"
FOLLOW CHIMNEY OR
VENT MANUFACTURER'S
INSTRUCTIONS
TOP PLATE
BLANKING PLATE
5.
Position the stove, adhering to the clearances in Figures 1
& 2.
6.
Measure and build chimney top plate. Cut out holes for
chimney pipe, and if used the outside air pipe. Install and
seal with non-hardening mastic to prevent water leakage.
Install vent cap.
c.
OPTIONAL
OUTSIDE AIR
CLEAN OUT
TEE
Figure 12
Venting through
masonry chimney
INSTALLATION THROUGH SIDE OF MASONRY
CHIMNEY
VERTICAL ROOF VENT
NOTE: Follow vent manufacturer’s instructions.
1.
2.
6"
Position the stove, adhering to the clearances in Figures 1
& 2. Mark the center of the hole where the pipe is to pierce
the masonry chimney.
It will be necessary to break out the masonry around the
location of the pipe center mark. Use a 4-inch diameter
hole for 3-inch pipe and 5-inch diameter hole for 4-inch
pipe.
3.
Measure and build chimney top plate. Cut out holes for
chimney pipe, and if used the outside air pipe.
4.
Install the tee on the bottom of the vertical pipe system and
lower it down the chimney until the center branch of the tee
is level with the center of the hole in the masonry, as
shown in Figure 13.
5.
Install and seal the top plate from step 3 with nonhardening mastic. Slip the storm collar over the pipe, and
while holding the pipe at the proper elevation, affix the
collar with a minimum of three ¼” stainless steel sheet
metal screws. Seal all joints and seams around the collar.
6.
Connect the horizontal pipe by pushing it through the hole
in the masonry and lining it up with the branch in the tee.
Push the pipe into the tee while twisting it to lock it into the
tee.
7.
If desired, once the horizontal pipe is in place, the space
between the pipe and masonry may be filled with hightemperature grout.
Install the trim collar. An adjustable pipe length and adapter may
be needed to finish the connection to the stove.
3"
FOLLOW CHIMNEY OR
VENT MANUFACTURER'S
INSTRUCTIONS
TOP PLATE
OPTIONAL
OUTSIDE AIR
WALL
THIMBLE
CLEAN OUT
TEE
Figure 13
Venting through side
of masonry chimney
10
INSTALLATION
OPTIONAL LOG SET INSTALLATION
To install the optional log set, you first need to remove the four screws
indicated on figure 14a. Keep the screws. Locate the two fixation
brackets figure 14b that came with your owner’s manual. Fix the two
brackets using the same screws you have removed. Lay the log set
inside the firebox as shown on figure 14d & 14e
LOG
SUPPORT
LOG
SUPPORT
Figure 14c
Location of supports
SCREWS
SCREWS
LOG SUPPORTS
LOG
SET
Figure 14a
Fixation of supports
LOG
SUPPORT
Figure 14d
Log set positioning
Figure 14b
Log set supports
Figure 14e
Log set positioning
OPERATION
FILTERS INSTALLATION AND CLEANING
The two filters for your convection blowers are supplied with the owner’s manual. Although the filters are not mandatory, they are useful to
prevent dust from being dispersed into the room where the stove is located. If you install the filters, please make sure that they are cleaned on a
regular basis as per our recommended maintenance schedule. This is particularly critical if you have animals in your house, such as a dog or a
cat. Filters that are not cleaned can clog up and cause your stove to overheat. You may also damage or burn the convection blowers. In order
to install the filters, simply insert them in the slot just above the blower’s finger guard. To clean the filters, use a vacuum or remove the filters and
rinse them with hot water.
11
OPERATION
12
PROPER FUEL
THIS STOVE IS APPROVED FOR BURNING PELLETIZED WOOD
FUEL ONLY! Factory-approved pellets are those ¼” or 5/16” in
diameter and not over 1” long. Longer or thicker pellets sometimes
bridge the auger flights, which prevents proper pellet feed. Burning
wood in forms other than pellets is not permitted. It will violate
the building codes for which the stove has been approved and
will void all warranties. The design incorporates automatic feed of
the pellet fuel into the fire at a carefully prescribed rate. Any
additional fuel introduced by hand will not increase heat output but
may seriously impair the stoves performance by generating
considerable smoke. Do not burn wet pellets. The stove’s
performance depends heavily on the quality of your pellet fuel.
Avoid pellet brands that display these characteristics:
a.
b.
c.
Excess Fines – “Fines” is a term describing crushed pellets or
loose material that looks like sawdust or sand. Pellets can be
screened before being placed in hopper to remove most fines.
Binders – Some pellets are produced with materials to hold
them together, or “bind” them.
High ash content – Poor quality pellets will often create smoke
and dirty glass. They will create a need for more frequent
maintenance. You will have to empty the burn pot plus vacuum
the entire system more often. Poor quality pellets could
damage the auger. Drolet cannot accept responsibility for
damage due to poor quality pellets. The pellet ash content
should be less than 1%. The pellet grade and ash content
should be indicated on the bag by the pellet manufacturer.
PRE-START-UP CHECK
Remove burn pot, making sure it is clean and none of the air holes
are plugged. Clean the firebox, and then reinstall burn pot. Clean
door glass if necessary (a dry cloth or paper towel is usually
sufficient). Never use abrasive cleaners on the glass or door. Check
fuel in the hopper, and refill if necessary.
BUILDING A FIRE
Never use a grate or other means of supporting the fuel. Use only
the Drolet approved burn pot.
NOTE: During the first few fires, your stove will emit an odor and a
small amount of fumes as the high temperature paint cures or
becomes seasoned to the metal. Maintaining smaller fires will
minimize this. Avoid placing items on stovetop during this period
because paint could be affected. Make sure the room is wellventilated. Open windows. Odors and fumes released during
this process are unpleasant but they are not toxic.
LIGHTING PROCEDURE
FIGURE 15
a.
Fill hopper and clean burn pot.
PC board
b.
Press “MODE” button to select the desired setting “MANUAL”
or ‘THERMOSTAT”
c.
If the flame is too low in burn pot or the unit has difficulty to
light, reduce the air supply by turning the air supply control
knob toward the minimum setting. The knob is located on the
side of the unit. Once the fire is established, adjust the air
supply knob to the desired flame height.
Adjust feed rate to desired setting by pressing “-” or “+” button.
d.
If fire doesn’t start in 30 minutes, refer to troubleshooting section.
UNIT CONTROLS (See Figure 15)
The blowers and automatic fuel supply are controlled from a panel
on the right-hand side of the ECO-45. The control panel functions
are as follows.
13
OPERATION
a.
MODE SWITCH
•
When the mode switch is pressed, the stove will automatically ignite. If the manual mode is selected, the heat level must be selected
manually to adjust the stove’s heat output to the desired level. If the thermostat mode is selected, the stove will automatically modulate
between the lowest heat level and the heat level selected to keep the room temperature at the thermostat’s setting. If the set room
temperature is achieved while the stove has been running at the lowest heat level for more than 45 minutes, the unit will automatically
shut off and will start another ignition cycle only when the thermostat calls for heat again. No fire starter is necessary to ignite the unit.
The auger will feed fuel for 4 minutes and the electronic igniter will stay on for 10 minutes. If the unit doesn’t ignite within 15 minutes,
the stove will wait for 5 minutes and will start a second ignition cycle. If ignition fails a second time, a warning message will appear on
control panel.
•
The Heat Level may be selected during the ignition cycle. However, the unit will only feed fuel at the desired heat level setting when the
heat sensor located into the stove will receive a signal indicating that the unit has been fully ignited. This may take anywhere between
10 and 15 minutes.
b.
FUEL FEED SWITCH
•
When the “Fuel Feed” button is pushed and held down the stove will feed pellets continuously into the burn pot.
CAUTION: THIS FUNCTION CAN ONLY BE OPERATED WHEN THE STOVE IS IN “OFF” POSITION. THE FUEL FEED SWITCH IS
USED TO PRIME THE AUGER WHEN AUGER IS EMPTY.
c.
NOISE REDUCER
•
•
The convection blower speed varies directly with the fuel feed rate.
When the “NOISE REDUCER” button is pushed, the convection blower will switch to its lowest speed. The convection blower will
remain at its lowest speed unless the stove reaches a certain temperature. If this occurs, the convection blower will go back to its
highest setting to cool down the stove. The low noise button will have to be pressed again for the convection blower to go back to its
lowest speed. Please note that the difference in noise level may not be noticeable on units manufactured after October 2007, (with
serial #1677 or above). Those units already use two ultra-quiet tubeaxial convection blowers that produce a very low noise even at full
speed.
d.
HEAT LEVEL
•
By pressing “+” or “-“, you can set the pellet feed rate and hence the heat output of your stove. The levels of heat output will
incrementally change and each LED indicate the level from 1 to 6.
e.
RESET
Reset button has to be used to clear any warning on the control and restart your stove.
OPENING DOOR
The door should be open only for maintenance purposes.
CONVECTION BLOWER (ROOM AIR FAN)
Upon starting your stove, the convection blower will not come on until the stove’s heat exchanger warms up. This usually takes about 10 to
15 minutes from start-up. Speed will vary with the selected feed rate, except if the noise reducer mode has been activated.
COMBEXtm
Your stove uses a unique patented technology called COMBEX. As opposed to most other pellet stoves, which use
only an exhaust blower, your ECO-45 uses a motor on which are mounted two housings with impeller blades. One
housing serves for combustion, and the other for exhaust. This is why we refer to the combustion/exhaust blower
throughout this manual. The COMBEX system balances combustion air and uptake to provide clean, worry-free
combustion which is less dependent on the leak-tightness of the device and the quality of the combustible.
OPERATION
14
IF THE STOVE RUNS OUT OF PELLETS
The fire goes out and the auger motor and blowers will run until the stove cools down. This will take a few minutes.
After the stove’s components stop running, a warning message will appear
.
To restart, press the “RESET” button, refill the hopper , and press the “FUEL FEED” button
Press the “MODE” button to start the unit on Manual or Thermostatic mode.
until pellets begin to fall into the burn pot.
DAMPER CONTROL
The damper control rod on the stove’s lower right side adjusts the combustion air. This control is necessary due to the varied burn
characteristics of individual installations and different pellet brands. It allows you to improve the efficiency of your stove. Providing correct
combustion air will reduce the frequency of cleaning your glass door and prevent the rapid buildup of creosote inside your stove and
chimney.
You should adjust the damper based on the fire’s appearance. A low, reddish, dirty fire can be improved by increasing the air supply using
the control knob located on the side of the unit. A “blow torch” fire can be improved by reducing the air supply.
Through trial and error, you will find the best setting. Consult your dealer if you need help.
REFUELING
We recommend that you not let the hopper drop below ¼ full. If the reload lid stays for open more than 3 minutes, an warning
appear. To restart, press the “RESET” button, and then press the “MODE” button to start the unit on Manual or Thermostatic mode.
will
KEEP HOPPER LID CLOSED AT ALL TIMES EXCEPT WHEN REFILLING. THE HOPPER MAY BE FILLED WHILE THE STOVE IS
OPERATING. DO NOT OVERFILL HOPPER.
SHUTDOWN PROCEDURE
Turning your Drolet stove off is a matter of pressing the “MODE” control panel switch, until the “OFF” led goes on. The blowers will continue
to operate until internal firebox temperatures have fallen to a preset level.
SAFETY FEATURES
a.
Your stove is equipped with a re-settable high temperature switch (also called heat sensor or heat switch). The switch has a reset
button on its backside. Like a circuit breaker, once tripped, the reset button will have to be pushed before you can restart the
stove. The high temperature switch is there to protect the stove from overheating in case of an evacuation problem, a control
board problem, a blower problem, or any other problem causing the unit to overheat. The manufacturer recommends that you call
your dealer if this occurs as it may indicate a more serious problem. A service call may be required.
NOTE: If an overheating situation occurs, the high temperature switch (called the L-250 manual reset) will automatically shut
down the auger (fuel feed system) and a warning code
will appear.
b.
will
If the combustion blower fails, an air pressure switch will automatically shut down the auger and a warning message
appear. This safety feature is to prevent the unit from burning fuel when the combustion/exhaust blower has failed, therefore
preventing combustion fumes from spilling into the room.
c.
If the temperature in the auger rises beyond a certain acceptable level, a second high temperature switch located on the auger
housing will stop the fuel feed system and an warning
CODE
H1, H2, H3
OR H4
will appear.
BEFORE RESETING
Heat exchanger and/or exhaust system
is/are clogged. Refer to the owner’s manual
for maintenance procedures.
TO RESET
Press simultaneously for 2 seconds
.
*** After 3 attempts, reset is no longer possible, call SBI technical support.
and
THERMOSTAT INSTALLATION
15
OPERATING THE STOVE USING A THERMOSTAT
A thermostat may help you maintain a constant house temperature
automatically. A millivolt thermostat or 24 Volt thermostat is
required. A fixed wall mount or hand held model can be used. The
control panel can be set up two ways to operate your stove in
thermostatic mode.
THERMOSTAT
TERMINAL
THERMOSTAT INSTALLATION
•
•
•
Unplug the stove from the power outlet.
Connect two thermostat wires to the terminal block located on
the lower right side of the back of the stove. To do so, loosen
the two screws and insert the wires in the terminals. Tighten
the two screws. (See figure 16)
If you are using a wireless wall thermostat or a hand held
thermostatic remote control, you can locate the receiver behind
the stove’s back panel, on the right end side, just below the
terminal block. Most receivers are already equipped with
quick-connect terminals. Simply unplug the PC board wires
connected to the back of the terminal block and connect them
directly with the receiver’s terminals.
Location of the
thermostat is very important to obtain the best comfort and
efficiency from you ECO-45. The thermostat should be
mounted 50 inch from the floor on a wall located 15 to 20 feet
from the stove. You should avoid an installation directly in front
of the stove to avoid cycling.(See figure 17)
MODES
THERMOSTATIC MODE
•
To use this mode, the “MODE” button must be pushed to
“Thermostat” upon starting the stove. The heat setting is then
selected using the “Heat Level” selector “+ or –“. When set in
thermostatic mode, the stove will automatically run a the heat
level selected until the set room temperature is reached.
When that occurs, the stove will switch to heat setting #1
(lowest) until the thermostat calls for heat again. The
convection blower will also slow to its lowest speed. When the
thermostat calls for heat again, the stove will increase its feed
rate to match the heat setting selected.
•
N.B.: If the room temperature remains stable and the
thermostat does not call for heat during at least 45 minutes,
the stove will shut down. When the thermostat calls for heat
again, the stove will start an ignition cycle. Once the ignition
cycle is completed, the stove will increase its feed rate to
match the heat setting selected.
FIGURE 16
Rear view
THERMOSTAT INSTALLATION (continued)
16
•
N.B.: It is possible to change the setting of your unit such that
if the thermostat does not call for heat after 45 minutes, the
unit will remain at the lowest heat setting (#1) but will not shut
down (this is the PILOT ON mode). The stove will remain at
the lowest heat level until the thermostat calls for heat again.
If you prefer that your unit runs following that logic, you need
to change the setting to PILOT ON by simultaneously pressing
the following two buttons on the PC Board for a couple of
seconds:
and
Once you do that, the letters P, I, L, O, T, O, N will appear on
the PC Board to let you know that you are in the “PILOT ON”
mode. If you wish to go back to the default thermostatic mode
(i.e. the unit shuts down after 45 minutes if the thermostat
does not call for heat), simply press the same two buttons
again for a couple of seconds. The letters P, I, L, O, T, A, U,
T, O will appear on the PC Board to let you know that you are
in the “PILOT AUTO” mode.
SHOULD BE AVOIDED
D = MINIMUM DISTANCE 15 FEET
NOTE: When in thermostatic mode:
•
You should not operate the manual control or play with the
temperature setting.
•
YOUR THERMOSTAT SHOULD BE INSTALLED BY AN
AUTHORIZED DEALER OR SERVICE PERSON.
FIGURE 17
Thermostat location
OPERATION
OPERATING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
PLEASE READ THIS!
a. If you notice a smoldering fire (burnpot full but no visible flame) AND a heavy smoke buildup in firebox,
immediately TURN OFF the stove, but DO NOT unplug it. Do not open the door, change the damper
setting or tamper with any controls on the stove. Wait until smoke inside the firebox clears and blowers
shut down. Do as instructed in “PRE-START-UP CHECK” and “LIGHTHING PROCEDURE”, then attempt
to restart the fire. If the problem persists, contact your dealer. Please note that smoke build-up during
ignition may occur. Smoke can accumulate in the firebox for a few seconds just before the igniter is hot
enough to fire-up the pellets in the burn pot. This is normal. As soon there is fire in the burn pot, smoke will
disappear.
b. DO NOT STORE OR USE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, ESPECIALLY GASOLINE, IN THE VICINITY OF
YOUR DROLET STOVE. NEVER USE A GAS OR PROPANE TORCH, GASOLINE, GASOLINE-TYPE
LANTERN FUEL, KEROSENE, CHARCOAL LIGHTER FLUID OR SIMILAR FLUIDS TO START OR
“FRESHEN UP” A FIRE IN THIS HEATER.
c.
WARNING: DO NOT OVERFIRE THIS STOVE. This may cause serious damage to your stove and void
your warranty. It also may create a fire hazard in your home. IF ANY EXTERNAL PART OF THE UNIT
BEGINS TO GLOW, YOU ARE OVERFIRING. Immediately press the “MODE” switch on the control panel,
until reaching the ‘OFF’ position. DO NOT UNPLUG YOUR STOVE. If you leave your house and your
stove is not connected to a thermostat or a fresh air supply, do not leave it at the maximum setting. If the
ambient air in a confined room becomes to hot, the stove may overheat and the thermal protection
on the combustion/exhaust motor may be activated, causing the motor to stop.
d. KEEP ALL LOOSE OR MOVEABLE HOUSEHOLD COMBUSTIBLES, SUCH AS FURNITURE, DRAPES,
TOYS, ETC. AT LEAST THREE FEET FROM THE OPERATING STOVE.
e. Maintain proper ventilation. It is important that adequate oxygen be supplied to the fire for the combustion
process. Modern houses are often so well insulated that it may become necessary to open a window
slightly or install an outside air vent to provide sufficient combustion air.
f.
Since heating with solid fuel is potentially hazardous, even with a well made and thoroughly tested stove, it
would be wise to install strategically placed smoke detectors and have a fire extinguisher in a convenient
location, near an exit.
g. Do not open the stove door when operating unless necessary. This will create a dirty, inefficient burn and
could allow smoke spillage or sparks to escape.
h. Do not permit operation by young children or those unfamiliar with stove’s operation.
i.
Do not service or clean this appliance without disconnecting the power cord.
j.
Do not abuse the door glass by striking, slamming or similar trauma. Do not operate the stove with the glass
removed, cracked or broken.
k.
If the stove is installed in a room without air conditioning, or in an area where direct sunlight can shine on
the unit, it is possible this can cause the temperature of the stove to rise to operational levels; one of the
sensors could then make the blowers start on their own. It is recommended that the stove be unplugged
when not in use for extended periods of time (i.e. during the summer months).
17
18
MAINTENANCE
FAILURE TO CLEAN AND MAINTAIN THIS UNIT AS INDICATED
CAN RESULT IN POOR PERFORMANCE AND SAFETY HAZARDS.
NEVER CLEAN WHEN HOT.
NOTE: Inspect burn pot periodically to see that holes have not
become plugged. If so, clean thoroughly.
ASH REMOVAL
Ashes should be placed in a metal container with a tight-fitting lid.
The closed container or ashes should be placed on a noncombustible
surface or on the ground, well away from all combustible materials
pending final disposal. If ashes are disposed of by soil burial or
otherwise locally dispersed, they should be retained in the closed
container until all cinders have thoroughly cooled.
ASH DISPOSAL
The ECO-45 has an ash bin located below the firebox. To remove
ashes:
a.
Make sure fire is out and the firebox is cool.
b.
Open the door and remove the baffle from the firebox. Close the
door.
c.
With the door closed, clean heat exchanger tubes by activating
the cleaning rod back and forth from front to back.
(see Cleaning section and Figure 18 & 19) .
d.
Open the door and remove the burn pot by grasping it and
pulling straight out. Scrape the burn pot with a scraper if
necessary. Make sure that the burn pot holes are not plugged.
Empty ashes from the burn pot into the pedestal ash bin through
the opening at the bottom of the firebox. Put the burn pot back in
place. Make sure it is level and pushed all the way in.
e.
FIGURE 18
Baffle removal
CLEANING
ROD
Scrape the ashes in the firebox into the pedestal ash bin
through the opening or the bottom of the firebox or vacuum to
remove ashes.
WARNING: Make sure ashes are cool to the touch
before using a vacuum. See “VACUUM USE”.
f.
Periodically remove and empty the ash bin (see Figure 20) by
opening the front lid of the pedestal below the ash lip. Dispose
of ashes properly.
(See “ASH REMOVAL” above)
g.
Put the ash bin back into place, making sure that you tighten the
knob and maintain a good seal. Inspect gasket at the same
time to make sure it is in good condition.
FIGURE 19
Cleaning rod
HIGH TEMPERATURE
SWITCH L-250
MANUAL RESET
HIGH TEMPERATURE
SWITCH L-250 AUTOMATIC
HIGH TEMPERATURE
SWITCH F-160
CONVECTION
BLOWER
AIR SUPPLY
CONTROL
FIGURE 21
Side view
FIGURE 20
Ash drawer
19
MAINTENANCE
BAFFLE
VACCUM USE
If a vacuum is used to clean your stove, we suggest using a
vacuum designed for ashes.
Some regular vacuums and shop vacs leak ash into the room.
Your vacuum or shop vac may have a special filter or bag
available to eliminate this leakage.
LEFT SIDE
PANEL OF
COMBUSTION
CHAMBER
CLEANING
a.
b.
c.
Heat Exchange Tubes – Your ECO-45 stove is
designed with a build-in heat exchanger tube
cleaner. This should be used weekly to remove
accumulated ash on the tubes. To clean the heat
exchanger, open the door and grab the cleaning rod
located behind the louvers (just above the stove’s
door) and push it forward. Close the door. Slide the
cleaning rod back and forth two or three times from
front to back (refer to figure 19). When finished,
push the cleaning rod back in, behind the louvers.
Baffle: Remove the baffle and scrape off ashes.
Use a vaccum is necessary. In some cases, you will
need to remove creosote on the baffle, which can
accumulate rapidly under certain conditions. A
small wire brush can be used. It is important to
remove this creosote because it is highly
combustible and could cause premature corrosion.
Chamber walls: Periodically, you must vacuum the
ashes that may have accumulated on the main walls
of the combustion chamber.
START BY
REMOVING THE DECORATIVE MASONRY-LIKE
PANELS, WHICH ARE SIMPLY HELD BY
SCREWS. Scrape off ashes. Use a vacuum is
necessary. There is also a cleaning outlet located
behind the left side panel of the combustion
chamber. Remove this panel using a screw driver.
You will notice a small rectangular cleaning outlet.
Inspect behind this outlet (see figure 22) Insert the
vacuum tip through the cleaning outlet and clean
thoroughly. REPEAT THIS OPERATION AT LEAST
ONCE PER TON OF PELLETS BURNED UNTIL
YOU ARE FAMILIAR WITH HOW ASHES
ACCUMULATE
WITH
YOUR
OPERATING
PRACTICES.
ACCESS TO
CLEANING
OUTLET
FIGURE 22
Access to cleaning outlet #1
SIDE
DOOR
ACCESS PANEL
GASKET
BOTTOM LEFT
SIDE PANEL
ACCESS PANEL
TO EXHAUST BLOWER
FIGURE 23
Access to cleaning outlet #2
HIGHT TEMPERATURE
SWITCH L-250
MANUAL RESET
CONVECTION
BLOWER
AUGER
MOTOR
CONVECTION
BLOWER
BLOWERS
DANGER: RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK.
POWER BEFORE SERVICING UNIT.
•
DISCONNECT
THERMOSTAT
TERMINAL
PRESSURE
SWITCH
IGNITER
POWER
CORD
EXHAUST
THERMISTOR
COMBUSTION/EXHAUST
BLOWER MOTOR
Cleaning – Over a period of time, ashes or dust
may collect on the blades of both the
CLEANING
combustion/exhaust blower and convection blower.
ACCESS PANEL
Periodically, the blowers should be cleaned as the
ash and dust can impede performance.
The
AIR SUPPLY
CONTROL
combustion/exhaust blower can be accessed by
opening the left, right, and back panels located on
the pedestal. To clean the blades in the combustion
housing, insert the vacuum tip through the air inlet
damper opening located on the side of the
combustion housing. Clean thoroughly. To clean
FIGURE 24
the blades in the exhaust housing, use a screw
Rear
view
driver to remove the cleaning access panel located
on the side of the metal box covering the housing.
Insert the vacuum tip through the cleaning outlet
and clean the blades thoroughly.
Oiling – both the convection and combustion/exhaust blowers have sleeve bearings
NOTE: When cleaning, be careful not to bend fan blades.
Some stove owners lightly spray an anti-creosote chemical
on the fire to help reduce creosote formation within the
stove.
that are permanently sealed. No oiling is required.
20
MAINTENANCE
CHIMNEY CLEANING
a.
b.
c.
Creosote Formation – When any wood is burned slowly, it produces tar and other organic vapors, which combine with expelled
moisture to form creosote. The creosote vapors condense in the relatively cool chimney flue or a newly started fire or from a slowburning fire. As a result, creosote residue accumulates on the flue lining. When ignited, this creosote makes an extremely hot fire,
which may damage the chimney or even destroy the house. Despite their high efficiency, pellet stoves can accumulate creosote under
certain conditions.
Fly Ash – This accumulates in the horizontal portion of an exhaust run. Though noncombustible, it may impede the normal exhaust
flow. It should therefore be periodically removed.
Inspection and Removal – The chimney connector and chimney should be inspected annually or per ton to determine if a creosote or
fly ash build-up has occurred. If creosote has accumulated, it should be removed to reduce the risk of a chimney fire. Inspect the
system at the stove connection and at the chimney top. Cooler surfaces tend to build creosote deposits quicker, so it is important to
check the chimney from the top as well as from the bottom.
The creosote should be removed with a brush specifically designed for the type of chimney in use. A qualified chimney sweep can perform
this service. It is also recommended that before each heating season the entire system be professionally inspected, cleaned and, if
necessary, repaired.
To clean the chimney, detach the vent at the combustion blower transition where it is attached to the blower.
RECOMMENDED MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Use this as a guide under average-use conditions. Components
Burn Pot
Glass
Heat Exchanger Tubes
Baffle
Convection Blower
Filters
Ashe Drawer
Combustion Chamber
Left-hand Channel
Exhaust Blower
Pressure Switch Tap
Venting System
Gaskets
Hopper
Daily
Empty
Wipe
Activate cleaning
rod every time you
load the stove
Weekly
or after
+/- 10 bags
Empty / Brush
Clean
Twice a year
or after
+/- 25 bags
Annually
or
per ton of pellets
Activate cleaning rod
and vacuum
Empty and brush
Vacuum
Empty
Vacuum
Vacuum / Brush
Vacuum
Vacuum
Brush
Inspect
Inspect
Sweep
Empty / Vacuum
Gasket around door and door glass should be inspected and repaired or replaced when necessary (see “REPLACEMENT PARTS”).
REMOVAL AND REPLACEMENT OF BROKEN DOOR GLASS
While wearing leather gloves (or any other gloves suitable for handling broken glass), carefully remove any loose pieces of glass from the
door frame. Dispose of all broken glass properly. Return the damaged glass to your Drolet Dealer for replacement. It is absolutely critical
that you replace the glass with a genuine one supplied by your dealer.
MOTOR OILING
Both the convection and combustion/exhaust blowers have sleeve bearings that are permanently sealed. No oiling is required.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
When your stove acts out of the ordinary, the first reaction is to call for help. This guide may save time and money by enabling you to solve
simple problems yourself. Problems can be caused by to only five factors: 1) poor fuel; 2) poor operation or maintenance; 3) poor
installation; 4) component failure; 5) factory defect. You can usually solve those problems related to 1 and 2. Your dealer can solve
problems relating to 3, 4 and 5. Refer to figures 25 - 27 to help locate indicated parts.
Should you need to contact your dealer or the manufacturer, please photocopy and fill out the form in
Appendix B. Try to answer as many questions as you can. Have it handy when you call. This will help
you obtain a much faster service.
STOVE SHUTS OFF AND
APPEARS ON CONTROL BOARD
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies: (Unplug stove first when possible)
1.
Airflow pressure switch hose or pressure tab for hose are
blocked.
Unhook air hose from the airflow switch and blow through it. If air
flows freely, the hose and tube are fine. If air will not flow throw the
hose, use a thin wire to clear the blockage.
2.
The air inlet, burn pot, interior combustion air chambers,
combustion blower, or exhaust pipe are blocked with ash or
foreign material.
Follow all cleaning procedures in the maintenance section of the
owner’s manual.
3.
Vent pipe is incorrectly installed.
Check to make sure vent pipe installation meets criteria in owner’s
manual and pipe manufacturer.
4.
The airflow pressure switch wire connections are faulty.
Check the connectors that attach to the airflow pressure switch.
5.
The airflow pressure switch wires are pulled loose at the
connector on the wiring harness.
Check to see if the wires are loose at the connector.
6.
Combustion/exhaust blower failure.
With the stove on, check to see if the combustion/exhaust blower is
running. If it is not, you will need to check for power going to the
combustion/exhaust blower. Current reading may vary. If there is
power, the blower is bad. If there is not, see #7.
7.
Control board not sending power to combustion/exhaust
blower.
If there is no current going to the combustion blower, check all wire
connections. If all wires are properly connected, you have a bad
control board.
8.
Control board not sending power to airflow pressure switch.
There should be a 120-volt current going to the air switch after the
stove has been on. You will need a technician to perform this test.
9.
Airflow pressure switch has failed (very rare).
To test the airflow pressure switch, you will need to disconnect the
air hose from the body of the stove. With the other end still attached
to the switch, very gently suck on the loose end of the hose (you
may want to remove the hose entirely off the stove and the switch
first and make sure it is clear). If you hear a click, the switch is
working. BE CAREFUL TOO MUCH VACUUM CAN DAMAGE THE
SWITCH.
21
22
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
STOVE SHUTS OFF AND
APPEARS ON THE CONTROL BOARD
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies: (Unplug stove first when possible)
1.
The hopper is out of pellets.
Refill the hopper.
2.
The air damper is too far open for a low feed setting.
If burning on the low setting, you may need to close the damper all
the way turn the air supply knob toward the minimum setting.
3.
The burn pot holes are blocked.
Remove the burn pot and clean it thoroughly.
4.
The air inlet, the interior chambers, or exhaust system has a
partial blockage.
Follow all cleaning procedures in the maintenance section of the
owner’s manual.
5.
The auger motor has failed.
Remove the auger motor from the auger shaft and try to run the
motor separately by pressing the fuel feed button on the control
board. If the motor turns, the shaft is jammed on something. If the
motor does not turn, the motor is bad or a connection with the
control board is faulty. To remove the auger motor, take off the top
and bottom panels at the back of the stove’s body. Loosen the two
screws holding the motor to the auger shaft. Then, remove the plate
located on the stove body, at the bottom of the gear motor, to allow
the motor to slide out of the stove body.
6.
The auger shaft is jammed.
Remove that auger shaft from the auger housing. Start by emptying
the hopper. Take off the top and bottom panels at the back of the
stove’s body. Then, remove the auger motor by removing the
screws holding the motor to the auger shaft. Remove the plate
located on the stove body, at the bottom of the gear motor, to allow
the motor to slide out of the stove body. Once, the motor is out,
remove the four screws on the steel plate holding the auger shaft to
the auger housing. Then, rotate the bottom end of the auger shaft
down towards you until you can pull the shaft down out of the stove.
After you have removed the shaft, inspect it for bent flights, burrs, or
broken welds. Remove any foreign material that might have caused
the jam. Also, check the auger housing for signs of damage such as
burrs, rough spots, or grooves cut into the metal that could have
caused a jam. Clean the auger housing thoroughly to remove all
pellet dust.
7.
The thermistor heat sensor has malfunctioned.
The thermistor is a heat sensor located on the exhaust housing. Its
function is to tell the control board that the unit has ignited properly
by measuring the heat in the exhaust. The pellet stove will not start
feeding pellets at the desired heat setting until it has received a
signal from the thermistor heat sensor. If the thermistor heat sensor
is bad, the unit will stop after the ignition cycle. If this situation
occurs, call your dealer or technician.
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
STOVE FEEDS PELLETS, BUT WILL NOT IGNITE AND
APPEARS ON THE CONTROL BOARD
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies:
1.
Air damper open too far for ignition.
Turn the air supply knob toward the minimum setting for startup. In
some situations, it may be necessary to have the damper completely
closed for ignition to take place. After there is a flame, the damper
can then be adjusted for the desired feed setting.
2.
Blockage in igniter tube or inlet for igniter tube.
Remove the burn pot and clean it thoroughly. Make sure that all
openings are clear. Find the igniter tube coming out of the burn pot
housing. It is a small tube located on the back of the burn pot
housing. Make sure it is clear. Make sure there is not any debris
around the igniter element or inside the igniter tube.
3.
Bad igniter element.
Put power directly to the igniter element. Watch the tip of the igniter
from the front of the stove. After about 2 minutes, the tip should
glow. If it does not, the element is bad. You may need a technician
to perform this test.
4.
5.
The thermistor heat sensor has malfunctioned.
The control board is not sending power to the igniter.
STOVE FEEDS PELLETS, BUT WILL NOT IGNITE AND
The thermistor is a heat sensor located on the exhaust housing. Its
function is to tell the control board that the unit has ignited properly
by measuring the heat in the exhaust. The pellet stove will not start
feeding pellets at the desired heat setting until it has received a
signal from the thermistor heat sensor. If the thermistor heat sensor
is bad, the unit will stop after the ignition cycle. If this situation
occurs, call your dealer or technician.
Check the voltage going to the igniter during startup. It should be a
full current. If the voltage is lower than full current, check the wiring.
If the wiring checks out good, the board is bad. You will need a
technician to perform this test.
APPEARS ON THE CONTROL BOARD
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies:
1.
Remove the control board and check at the back to see if the F3
fuse appears to be bad. Replace it with a 5 Amp 250V fuse. Plug
the stove back and try to run the unit.
The igniter fuse on the control board has blown.
STOVE STOPS FEEDING PELLETS AND
APPEARS ON THE CONTROL BOARD
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies:
1.
Using the owner’s manual, locate the L-250 high temperature
switch. There is a red button located on the back of it. Press the
red button. If you hear a click, the high limit had tripped. Reset the
stove. The stove should now function normally. YOU NEED TO
INSPECT YOUR UNIT AT THIS POINT. The F-250 high
temperature switch will trip if the unit overheats. There might be a
problem with another component or the installation, causing the
stove to overheat. Make sure that the convection blower works. If
the convection blower has failed, this can cause the unit to overheat.
Clean any dust off of the windings and blades of the convection
blower. Call your dealer or a technician if you get this code again.
The L-250 manual reset high temperature switch has tripped.
23
24
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
STOVE STOPS FEEDING PELLETS AND
APPEARS ON THE CONTROL BOARD
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies:
1.
The L-250 automatic high temperature switch is located on the auger
housing and will send a signal to the control board if the auger housing
overheats.
Wait until the stove cools down. YOU NEED TO INSPECT
YOUR UNIT AT THIS POINT. There might be a problem with another
component or the installation, causing the stove to overheat. Reset the
stove and start it. Call a technician if you get this code again.
One of the two L-250 automatic high temperature switches has been tripped.
CODE
H1, H2, H3
OR H4
BEFORE RESETING
Heat exchanger and/or exhaust system
is/are clogged. Refer to the owner’s manual
for maintenance procedures.
TO RESET
Press simultaneously for 2 seconds
and
.
*** After 3 attempts, reset is no longer possible, call SBI technical support.
STOVE STOPS FEEDING PELLETS AND
APPEARS ON THE CONTROL BOARD
Possible Causes:
1.
The hopper lid has stayed open for more than 3 minutes
Possible Remedies:
As a security measure, the auger will stop turning and feeding pellets as
soon as the hopper lid opens. It will resume normal operation as soon as the
hopper lid is closed. However, if the hopper lid stays open for more than 3
minutes, the unit will stop and a code “d” will appear on the control board.
Close the hopper lid. Reset the unit and start it again.
SMOKE SMELL COMING BACK INTO THE HOME
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies:
1.
Inspect all vent pipe connections. This is a pressurized exhaust system. All
vent connector joints must be sealed and fastened in accordance with the
pellet pipe manufacturer's instructions to ensure consistent performance and
avoid smoke and ash spillage.
2.
There is a leak in the vent pipe system.
The gasket on the combustion/exhaust blower housing has
gone bad.
Inspect the gasket on the combustion/exhaust blower housing to make sure
it is in good shape.
AUGER MOTOR STOP FEEDING PELLETS AND COMES BACK ON
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies:
1.
Start by emptying the hopper. Then, remove the auger motor by removing
the screws holding the motor to the auger shaft. Remove the plate located
on the stove body, at the bottom of the gear motor, to allow the motor to
slide out of the stove body. Once, the motor is out, remove the four screws
on the steel plate holding the auger shaft to the auger housing. Then, rotate
the bottom end of the auger shaft down towards you until you can pull the
shaft down out of the stove. After you have removed the shaft, inspect it for
bent flights, burrs, or broken welds. Remove any foreign material that might
have caused the jam. Also, check the auger housing for signs of damage
such as burrs, rough spots, or grooves cut into the metal that could have
caused a jam. Clean the auger housing thoroughly to remove all pellet dust.
The auger motor is overheating and tripping the internal temperature
shutoff (thermal protector).
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
• GLASS “SOOT’S” UP AT A VERY FAST RATE
• FLAME IS LAZY, DARK, AND HAS BLACK TIPS
• AFTER STOVE HAS BEEN ON FOR A WHILE, THE BURNPOT OVERFILLS
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies:
1.
Stove or vent pipe is dirty, which restricts airflow through the
burn pot.
Follow all cleaning procedure in the maintenance section of the
owner’s manual.
2.
Vent pipe installed improperly.
Check to make sure the vent pipe has been installed according to
the criteria in the owner’s manual.
3.
The air damper is too far closed for a higher setting.
Turn the air supply knob toward the maximum setting and try to burn
the unit again.
4.
Burn pot holes are blocked.
Remove the burn pot and clean it thoroughly.
5.
Blockage in air intake pipe.
Visually inspect the air intake pipe that leads into the burn pot for
foreign material.
6.
Combustion/exhaust blower is not spinning fast enough.
Test the RPM on the blower (separately – bypassing the control
board) after the blades have been cleaned. The RPM should be
approximately 3000 RPM. You will need a technician to perform this
test.
7.
Bad pellets
(Applies to “GLASS SOOTS UP AT A VERY FAST RATE” Only)
The brand of pellets or the batch of pellets that are being used may
be of poor quality. If possible, try a different brand of pellets. You
might also want to try a brand that is made from a different type of
wood (softwood vs. hardwood). Different woods have different
characteristics when being burned. Your pellets may also be too
humid. Make sure your store your fuel properly, in a dry ventilated
area.
• The control board does not display any information.
Possible Causes:
Possible Remedies :
1. A fuse on the control board has blown.
Remove the control board. Check if the F2 fuse on the back of it
appears to be bad. Replace it with a 7.5 Amp 250 Volt fuse. Plug
the stove back in and try to run the unit.
THE STOVE IS RUNNING BUT DISPLAYS WARNING CODE
Possibles Causes:
Possibles Solutions:
Warning generated by a power failure while the stove was
running.
The stove will restart on the initial setting once it cools off.
Note: For a short power failure (less than 5 seconds), the stove will continue
to function at the selected speed.
25
26
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
WARNING CODES CHART
MESSAGE
CORRESPONDING WARNING
Pressure switch warning.
L-250 automatic high temperature switch, located under the auger.
L-250 manual reset high temperature switch, located beside convection blower.
Hopper is empty
Lighting warning.
Hopper lid stay open more than 3 minutes.
Inverted polarity in power outlet.
Power outage
Igniter fuse blew up
SMOKE SMELL OR SOOT BUILD-UP
Because it is a wood-burning device, your ECO-45 may emit a faint wood-burning odor. If this increases beyond normal, or if you notice an
unusual soot build-up on walls or furniture, check your exhaust system carefully for leaks. All joints should be properly sealed. Also clean
your stove, following instructions in “MAINTENANCE”. If problem persists, contact your dealer.
ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
THERMOSTAT
TERMINALS
N.O.
27
HOPPER LID
SWITCH
N.O.
CONTROL
BOARD
THERMISTOR
L2(LINE COMMON)
L1(LINE HOT)
L1(LINE NO CONNECTED)
FRAME GROUND
L-250
RESET
N.C.
AIR FLOW
PRESSURE
SWITCH
N.O.
AUGER
MOTOR
L-250
N.C.
IGNITER
COMBUSTION/EXHAUST
BLOWER
F-160
N.O.
CONVECTION
BLOWER
FIGURE 25
HIGH TEMPERATURE
SWITCH L-250
MANUAL RESET
HIGH TEMPERATURE
SWITCH L-250 AUTOMATIC
HIGH TEMPERATURE
SWITCH L-250
MANUAL RESET
AUGER
MOTOR
CONVECTION
BLOWER
CONVECTION
BLOWER
PRESSURE
SWITCH
THERMOSTAT
TERMINAL
IGNITER
POWER
CORD
EXHAUST
THERMISTOR
COMBUSTION/EXHAUST
BLOWER MOTOR
HIGH TEMPERATURE
SWITCH F-160
AIR SUPPLY
CONTROL
FRESH AIR
INTAKE
FIGURE 26
CLEANING
ACCESS PANEL
AIR SUPPLY
CONTROL
FIGURE 27
28
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Contact an Authorized Drolet Dealer to obtain any of these parts. Never use substitute
materials. Use of non-approved parts can result in poor performance and safety hazards.
ITEM
Airflow Pressure Switch
Air Switch Hose
Auger Motor
Burn Pot
Control Board
Combustion/Exhaust Blower Assembly
Tubeaxial Convection Blower (2)
Door Gasket
Door Glass
Log support
Exhaust Adapter 3”
Hot Rod Igniter
Thermistor
F-160 Convection blower heat sensor
L-250 Automatic High Temp. Switch
L-250 Manual Reset High Temp. Switch
Window Gasket (7’)
Convection blower gasket
Combustion/Exhaust blower gasket
Auger
Loading lid switch
Loading lid handle
Ash drawer
Baffle
PART #
44029
49004
44038
PL52545
44032
44039
44100
AC06100
SE52708
PL52691
SE52572
44030
44095
44058
44059
44041
AC06400
21107
21109
24017
44098
30527
SE52615
PL52628
APPENDIX A
29
REPLACEMENT PARTS
HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL VENT CHART Possible Vertical
vent length (feet)
If you plot your venting
system configuration on
this chart, your wall or
roof termination should be
within the grid.
Possible Horizontal vent length (feet)
Let’s imagine an installation consisting of a horizontal vent coming out at the back of the stove on a total
distance of 8 feet. This horizontal run is followed by a Tee and a 6-foot vertical rise. This type installation is not
acceptable. As you can see, the vent termination is clearly outside the allowed configuration zone on the chart.
The venting system does not have at least one foot of vertical rise for each foot of horizontal run.
Instead, if the installation consisted of a horizontal vent coming out at the back of the stove on a total distance of
4 feet, followed by a Tee and a 6-foot vertical rise, it would be acceptable. The installation would end be within
the allowable configuration zone on the chart since it would have at least one foot of vertical rise for each foot of
horizontal run. Furthermore, the total vertical rise would be at least 3-foot high.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of smoke spillage, never terminate with a horizontal run. If your system
terminates with a horizontal run, add at least 3 feet of vertical rise.
APPENDIX B
30
Fabriquant de poêle international inc.
Stove Builder International Inc.
1700, rue Léon-Harmel, Québec (Québec) G1N 4R9
Phone : (418) 527-3060 Fax : (418) 527-4311
E-mail : tech@sbi-international.com Web site : www.drolet.ca
INSTALLATION DIAGRAM
DRAW YOUR INSTALLATION
1 SQUARE = 1 F00T
Installation
int. ˆ
ext.
ˆ
CUSTOMER
Name
Address
City
Province / State
Country
Home telephone
Work telephone
Purchase date
Model number
Serial number
INSPECTION AND REPAIR FORM
Installation date
Installator name
Installator telephone
Type of pellets
Thermostat
Yes
ˆ
No
ˆ
Outside air
Yes
ˆ
No
ˆ
Equivalent vent lenght calculation table
Ignition gasket / 2 magniglass
Yes
ˆ
CLEANING
No
ˆ
Equivalent vent lenght (EVL)
PART
E xchanger
YES
Qty
+/‐ 10 bag s
DAILY
+/‐ 25 bag s
NO
B affle
YES
NO
Left interior channel
YES
NO
Hopper
YES
NO
Evacuation blower
YES
NO
Blower blades
Pressure system
YES
NO
Evacuation system
YES
NO
Gaskets
YES
NO
Burn pot
YES
Convection blower filter
INDICATE APPLIANCE CODE
+/‐ 50 bag s
EVL
1
T or 90°
5 feet
1
45° elbow
3 feet
1 feet
Horiz. Lenght
1 feet
1 feet
Vert. Lenght
0.5 feet
Use 4” pipe if you have more than 15
feet of Equivalent Vent Length (EVL).
YES
NO
YES
NO
NO
YES
Type of pipe
NO
The longer the run of pipe in
your installation,
the more restriction there is in
the system.
Therefore, larger diameter pipe
should be used.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PROBLEM
DROLET LIMITED LIFETIME WARRANTY
The warranty of the manufacturer extends only to the original consumer purchaser and is not transferable. This warranty
covers brand new products only, which have not been altered, modified nor repaired since shipment from factory. Proof of
purchase (dated bill of sale), model name and serial number must be supplied when making any warranty claim to your
DROLET dealer.
This warranty applies to normal residential use only. Damages caused by misuse, abuse, improper installation, lack of
maintenance, over firing, negligence, accident during transportation, power failures, downdrafts, or venting problems
are not covered by this warranty.
This warranty does not cover any scratch, corrosion, warping, or discoloration caused by over firing, abrasives or chemical
cleaners. Any defect or damage caused by the use of unauthorized parts or others than original parts void this warranty. An
authorized qualified technician must perform the installation in accordance with the instructions supplied with this product
and all local and national building codes. Any service call related to an improper installation is not covered by this warranty.
The manufacturer may require that defective products be returned or that digital pictures be provided to support the claim.
Returned products are to be shipped prepaid to the manufacturer for investigation. If a product is found to be defective, the
manufacturer will repair or replace such defect. Transportation fees to ship the product back to the purchaser will be paid by
the manufacturer. Repair work covered by the warranty, executed at the purchaser’s domicile by an authorized qualified
technician requires the prior approval of the manufacturer. Labour cost and repair work to the account of the manufacturer
are based on predetermined rate schedule and must not exceed the wholesale price of the replacement part. All parts and
labour costs covered by this warranty are limited according to the table below.
The manufacturer at its discretion may decide to repair or replace any part or unit after inspection and investigation of the
defect. The manufacturer may, at its discretion, fully discharge all obligations with respect to this warranty by refunding the
wholesale price of any warranted but defective parts. The manufacturer shall in no event be responsible for any special,
indirect, consequential damages of any nature, which are in excess of the original purchase price of the product. A one-time
replacement limit applies to all parts benefiting from a lifetime coverage. This warranty applies to products purchased after
March 1st , 2009.
WARRANTY APPLICATION
PARTS
LABOUR
DESCRIPTION
Combustion chamber (welds only), heat exchanger (welds only), auger, and
castings.
Stainless steel firebox components, surrounds and heat shields, ash drawer,
pedestal, trims (aluminum extrusions), and plating* (defective manufacture).
Carbon steel firebox components, burn pot, glass retainers, and handle
assembly.
Blowers, auger motor, PC board, igniter, heat sensors, switches, wiring,
rheostat, and other controls.
Ceramic glass (thermal breakage only*), paint (peeling), gaskets, insulation,
ceramic logs, masonry-like panels, and ceramic fibre blankets.
*Pictures required
Lifetime
3 years
5 years
3 years
3 years
1 year
2 years
1 year
1 year
n/a
Shall your unit or a components be defective, contact immediately your DROLET dealer. Prior to your call make sure you
have the following information necessary to your warranty claim treatment:
•
•
Your name, address and telephone number;
Bill of sale and dealer’s name;
•
•
Serial number and model name as indicated on the
nameplate fixed to the back of your unit;
Nature of the defect and any relevant information.
Before shipping your unit or defective component to our plant, you must obtain from your DROLET dealer an
Authorization Number. Any merchandise shipped to our plant without authorization will be refused automatically
and returned to sender.
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