ACR Electronics | PLB-300 - REV B | Technical data | ACR Electronics PLB-300 - REV B Technical data

PRODUCT
SUPPORT
MANUAL
Y1-03-0173
Rev. E
AquaFix™ 406 GPS I P-EPIRB
Product No. 2797.2
PLB-201
AquaFix™ 406 GPS I/O P-EPIRB
Product No. 2797.4
PLB-200
Personal Locator Beacon
FCC Type Approved
FCC ID:B66ACR-PLB200
FCC ID:B66ACR-PLB201
ACR Electronics, Inc.
5757 Ravenswood Road
Fort Lauderdale, Fl 33312
+1(954) 981-3333 • Fax +1 (954) 983-5087
www.acrelectronics.com
Email: Info@acrelectronics.com
* * * WARNING * * *
THIS TRANSMITTER IS AUTHORIZED FOR USE ONLY DURING SITUATIONS OF
GRAVE AND IMMINENT DANGER
* * * DELIBERATE MISUSE MAY INCUR A SEVERE PENALTY * * *
For proper use refer to section 2 – Responsible Use
PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE PERFORMING ANY OF THE TESTS.
Forward
Congratulations and thank you for purchasing the ACR AquaFix™ 406 GPS Personal Emergency Position
Indicating Radio Beacon. The combination of superior design, high quality raw materials and quality
controlled manufacturing produce a product that will perform for years to come. The Test Facility at ACR
can reproduce some of the harshest environmental conditions known to man. This assures that the life
saving devices can stand up to the rigors found in any environment on earth. With proper care and
maintenance, your P-EPIRB will be in service for years to come.
ACR is proud to be certified to the ISO 9001:2000, the International Standard for Quality.
This manual provides operation and maintenance instructions for the AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB,
hereinafter referred to as the P-EPIRB. This manual also describes the characteristics and details of the
P-EPIRB System.
Table of Contents
1.0
Registration.................................................................................................................................. 2
2.0
Responsible Use.................................................................................................... ...................... 4
3.0
False Alarms................................................................................................................................ 4
4.0
Operation ..................................................................................................................................... 5
5.0
P-EPIRB Holster ......................................................................................................................... 9
6.0
Care and Maintenance.......... ....................................................................................................... 10
7.0
The Search and Rescue System................................................................................................... 11
8.0
Authorizations ............................................................................................................................. 13
9.0
Technical Data............................................................................................................................. 14
10.0 GPS FAQ..................................................................................................................................... 15
11.0 Warranty ...................................................................................................................................... 16
Figure 1 Key Pad ................................................................................................................................. 5
Figure 2 Antenna Position ................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 3 Key Pad Cover....................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 4 Activation .............................................................................................................................. 6
Figure 5 Deactivation........................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 6 GPS Interface with holster..................................................................................................... 9
Figure 7 GPS Interface without holster ............................................................................................... 9
Figure 8 Removable holster.............................. ................................................................................... 10
Figure 9 Bulk Head Mount.............................. .................................................................................... 10
Figure 10 GEOSAR Satellite Coverage................................................................................................. 13
Figure 11 Satellite Orbit......................................................................................................................... 13
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Y1-03-0173 Rev. E
SECTION 1 - REGISTRATION OF 406 MHz P-EPIRBS
1.1
Registration Importance
It is mandatory that the owner of this 406 MHz P-EPIRB registers it with the National Authorities*.
All 406 MHz P-EPIRBs transmit a Unique Identifier Number (UIN) when activated. This UIN is
programmed in the P-EPIRB based on the country in which the P-EPIRB was purchased. Registration
provides the Search and Rescue (SAR) forces with emergency contact information, and will speed the
launch of a rescue operation. The National Authorities use the information to verify if an actual
emergency exists. Valuable Search and Rescue resources are wasted every year responding to false
alarms. For P-EPIRBs that are not registered, SAR authorities will not know who you are, or who to
contact regarding additional information of your current situation. This could delay the launch of a
rescue operation.
*A National Authority is the governmental body that is responsible for P-EPIRB Registration
Database administration for the country for which the P-EPIRB is programmed.
1.2
Where to register
The owner of a 406 MHz P-EPIRB should register it with the National Authority of which the PEPIRB was programmed, (typically the country where purchased), regardless of where you use your
P-EPIRB. Each P-EPIRB is programmed with a UIN for the country where the unit is shipped, and
will only be accepted for registration in that country. To verify the country, for which a P-EPIRB is
programmed, see the label with the UIN on the back of the unit. Units that do not have a country
specified on the UIN label are programmed for the United States. For a list of the national authorities
in your area, please view them at http://www.cospas-sarsat.com/Management/listOfParticipants.htm
1.3
Registration in the United States
It is the Owner’s responsibility and required by law to Register 406 MHz P-EPIRBs that are
programmed for and purchased in the United States. The National Authority that accepts registrations
in the United States is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The owner
should complete the enclosed registration form (Do not confuse this with the ACR Electronics
Warranty Card) and mail it with the pre-addressed; postage paid envelope to:
SARSAT Beacon Registration,
E/SP3, RM 3320, FB-4
NOAA/NESDIS
5200 Auth Rd.
Suitland, MD 20746-4304
P-EPIRB registration is also available online at: www.beaconregistration.noaa.gov
The information provided on the Registration Form is used only for rescue purposes. The
Registration Form should be filled out and mailed immediately. Registration can be expedited by
faxing the registration form or by completing the form online in the event the P-EPIRB is to be
placed in immediate use.
Typically, registration forms will be entered in the 406 MHz P-EPIRB Registration Database within
48 hours of receipt. A confirmation letter, a copy of the actual registration and a proof-of-registration
decal will be mailed to you within two weeks. When you receive these documents, please check the
information carefully and affix the decal to your P-EPIRB in the area marked “Beacon Decal here”. If
you do not receive confirmation, contact NOAA for additional information at: +1-888-212-7283.
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1.3.1
Registration in Canada
The National Authority in Canada is the NSS (National Search & Rescue Secretariat). Canadian
residents can register online at http:beacons.nss.gc.ca. For more information please contact the NSS
at (613) 966-1504 or (800) 727-9414.
National Search and Rescue Secretariat
400-275 Slater Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K2
1.4
Registration Outside of the United States
In countries other than the United States, 406 MHz P-EPIRBs are registered with that country’s
National Authority at the time of Purchase. The Sales agent should assist in filling out the forms and
sending to that country’s National Authority. To verify that the unit is properly programmed for that
country, view the UIN label on the side of the unit. In the event that the P-EPIRB is not programmed
for the country in which it has been purchased, the sales agent, (if properly equipped) can reprogram
the unit for that country.
1.5
Change of ownership or contact information
It is the owner’s responsibility to advise the National Authority of any change in the information on
the registration form. If the current owner of the P-EPIRB is transferring the P-EPIRB to a new
owner, the current owner is required to inform the National Authority by Letter, Fax or telephone, of
the name and address of the new owner. The new owner of the P-EPIRB is required to provide the
National Authority with all of the information requested on the Registration form. This obligation
transfers to all subsequent owners. Registration forms are available from NOAA, call +1(888) 2127283 or visit our website at www.acrelectronics.com.
1.6
Lost P-EPIRB’s
Inform NOAA immediately at 1-888-212-SAVE (7283), or your national authority, that your
P-EPIRB has been lost. They will update your P-EPIRB registration information with the appropriate
information.
1.7
Stolen P-EPIRB’s
Things That You Need To Do:
• Report to your local police department that the P-EPIRB has been stolen.
• Contact NOAA at 1-888-212-SAVE (7283), or your national authority, with the following
information so your P-EPIRB registration information can be updated with the appropriate
remarks:
- Police Department Name
- Police Phone Number
- Police Case Number
If your P-EPIRB were to activate, the information you provide will be forwarded to the appropriate
Search and Rescue Authorities who will ensure that your P-EPIRB gets back to you. And, if
someone attempts to register a P-EPIRB reported as stolen, NOAA or your national authority will
notify the appropriate Police Department.
Visit the COSPAS-SARSAT website for more detailed information: www.cospas-sarsat.org/
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SECTION 2 – RESPONSIBLE USE
2.1
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB should only be used in situations of grave and imminent danger!
What exactly does this mean? Technically speaking you should only activate your P-EPIRB when all
other means of self rescue have been exhausted. This means you have tried to use your
cellular/satellite phone, signaling mirrors, strobe lights, or any other safety device you may have.
When all else fails and you feel your situation has truly become extreme, ask yourself the following
questions:
Am I in danger of losing life, limb, eye sight, or valuable property if I am not rescued soon?
Am I in danger of not surviving the night or upcoming hours if not rescued soon?
If you answer yes with confidence to these questions, it is time to activate your P-EPIRB.
SECTION 3 - FALSE ALARMS
3.1
Preventing False Alarms
Ensure that your P-EPIRB is registered with NOAA or your national authority. This does nothing
to reduce false alarm rates, but does have a dramatic effect on the impact of a false alarm. If the
P-EPIRB is properly registered, the situation will be resolved with a phone call most of the time.
It will also help speed rescue in an actual distress.
• Test your P-EPIRB in accordance with the recommendations enclosed in this manual.
• Use care when leaving your P-EPIRB and with whom you leave it with. Ensure that they are
aware of the device and know the ramifications of causing a false alarm. A lot of false alarms are
generated by curious individuals.
• Maintain your P-EPIRB. Ensure that the batteries are within their expiration date and that all
manufacturer recommendations are followed.
• Finally, realize that the COSPAS-SARSAT satellites are very good at what they do, detecting
emergency P-EPIRBs. An activation of a 406 MHz P-EPIRB for just a few seconds will usually
be detected. After a few minutes, it will usually be detected and located. This is good if you're in
distress, but if you're not, you just generated a false alarm.
•
3.2
Should there be an inadvertent activation or false alarm, it must be reported to the nearest search and
rescue authorities. The information that should be reported includes the P-EPIRB Unique Identifier
Number (UIN), Date, Time, duration and cause of activation, as well as location of P-EPIRB at the
time of activation. Outside the United States contact your National Authority.
3.3
To report false alarms in the United States contact any of the following:
AFRCC-United States Air Force Rescue Coordination Center
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Tel: (800) 851-3051
Y1-03-0173 Rev. E
SECTION 4 - OPERATION
4.1
General
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB models are designed to be manually deployed and activated. It is
only to be activated when all other means of self-rescue have been exhausted. Activation of the
P-EPIRB tells Search and Rescue who you are, where you are, and that you are facing a life
threatening situation.
GPS Test Button
- GPS I (P/N 2797.2)
- GPS I/O (P/N 2797.4)
Self Test Button
Green & Red LED
Off Button
GPS Interface
ON
Press both test and
GPS buttons
together for 1
second to activate
the beacon in an
emergency
Figure 1. Key Pad Functions
(P/N 2797.4 shown)
4.2
AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB Emergency Activation
4.2.1
Activation
To activate your P-EPIRB in an emergency situation, unfasten the antenna from the case or holster
and move it into the upright position (See figure 2). Lift the holster cover revealing the P-EPIRB
keypad (see figure 3). Depress the “self-test” and “GPS I” or “GPS I/O” buttons simultaneously for
at least 1/2 second and less than 5 seconds (see figure 4). Your P-EPIRB is now activated. While
transmitting your emergency signal, the red LED will flash once every 2 seconds alerting you that
your P-EPIRB is activated. If GPS data is present in the P-EPIRB via the GPS I or GPS O the red
LED will turn off and the green LED will take over flashing once every 2 seconds.
4.2.2
Activation with GPS I (P/N 2797.2 and P/N 2797.4)
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS I and GPS I/O are equipped with a GPS Interface. Prior to activating
your P-EPIRB you can download your GPS LAT/LON into the P-EPIRB using an external GPS
receiver and the GPS Interface cable provided with the P-EPIRB. Once your external GPS has
acquired good global positioning data, press the GPS test button for at least ½ second and no longer
than 5 seconds and your GPS data will download into the P-EPIRB (for full instructions see Section
4.7.2). Once you activate your P-EPIRB, your GPS coordinates are included in the distress signal.
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The green LED will immediately start flashing every 2 seconds to alert you that your P-EPIRB is
activated and transmitting your GPS coordinates with the 406 MHz signal.
4.2.3
Activation with GPS I/O (P/N 2797.4 Only)
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS I/O is also equipped with an Onboard GPS receiver. Once activated the
AquaFix™ 406 GPS Onboard GPS engine will start up and search to find your LAT/LON and
incorporate it into your 406 MHz signal. In the case when external and internal GPS are present, the
internal GPS data will have priority at activation.
When the AquaFix™ 406 GPS I/O is turned ON, the GPS Onboard receiver is also immediately
turned ON and will immediately begin acquiring data. As soon as the GPS receiver acquires good
positioning data the red LED will stop blinking and the green LED will begin flashing once every 2
seconds. Once good global positioning data has been obtained, the GPS receiver waits for 20
minutes before looking for new positioning data again. If for any reason a time period of 4 hours
passes without the GPS receiver being able to update the last good set of GPS coordinates, the
message transmitted by the AquaFix™ 406 GPS I/O will revert to default data. At this point the
green LED will stop blinking and the red LED will flash once every 2 seconds. If at any time after
this, good GPS data is obtained, this data will be transmitted, the red LED will stop blinking and the
green LED will begin flashing again.
Unlock and position Upright
Z
X
Figure 3 Key pad cover
Open the key pad cover for access to Test
or activate the beacon
Y
Figure 2 Antenna Position
Figure 4 Activation
Press both test buttons simultaneously for more than
½ second and no longer than 5 seconds
Figure 5 Deactivation
Press red OFF button for more than ½ second
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4.2.4
GPS Antenna Orientation (2797.4 ONLY)
When activated it is critical that you do not cover the front bottom portion of the P-EPIRB with any
body part, water, clothing, etc. The GPS Antenna is located under the front bottom portion of the
case behind the embossed ACR logo. To ensure proper operation it needs to be unobstructed with a
clear view to the sky. Avoid submerging this portion of the P-EPIRB in water if possible, as water
will shield and inhibit the GPS receiver and may cause difficulties obtaining LAT/LON coordinates.
4.3
406/121.5 Antenna Position
For maximum performance you must deploy the P-EPIRB antenna into the proper position (see
figure 2). The antenna will snap into place and be slightly slanted to the side. Be sure the antenna is
positioned facing the sky and avoid submerging in water. If afloat employ all means to keep the
P-EPIRB out of the water and the antenna dry. For best results it is important to keep the antenna dry
and away from the water. Water acts as a detractor from the performance and reduces the P-EPIRB’s
effectiveness.
4.4
Deactivation
To deactivate your P-EPIRB, depress the “OFF” button for 1 second (see figure 5).
Once off, all blinking LED’s will stop signifying that the P-EPIRB is no longer sending your rescue
message.
4.5
Self Test
PLEASE READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE PERFORMING ANY OF THE TESTS.
BE PREPARED TO RECORD DATA FROM THE TEST
Self test is initiated by holding the self test button (see figure 1) for at least ½ second and less than
five seconds. Your P-EPIRB will sound an initial beep and green LED (Light Emitting Diode) flash
to signify the test has begun. The green LED will flash a second time to indicate that the self test was
successful.
AquaFix™ 406 GPS I (P/N 2797.2) self tested components: Data Integrity and Memory;
406 MHz Synthesizer; RF Power/Battery
AquaFix™ 406 GPS I/O (P/N 2797.4) self tested components: Data Integrity and Memory;
406 MHz Synthesizer; RF Power/Battery; GPS header
If your P-EPIRB flashes two green LED’s, the test has been successfully completed. If you
encounter only the initial green LED flash alone, your P-EPIRB has failed the self test, please contact
ACR Electronics or an authorized Battery Replacement Center for servicing of your P-EPIRB.
NOTE: During a self test your P-EPIRB will send a 406 MHz signal coded as self-test to the satellite
system. The homing signal at 121.5 MHz is inhibited during self test; this allows you to test your PEPIRB any time during the day without causing any false alarms.
4.6
Battery Witness Seal Life
ACR strongly recommends performing the self test on the AquaFix™ 406 GPS on a monthly basis.
If your P-EPIRB flashes an initial Red LED at the beginning of the Self Test, this indicates that your
electronic witness has been broken and you have used more than 1 hour of battery life. While the PEPIRB will still operate normally in an emergency, ACR strongly recommends you have your battery
replaced and the electronic witness reset to ensure that you will have 24 hours of battery power
should you ever need to activate your unit in an emergency
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4.7
GPS Testing
4.7.1
GPS O (Onboard) Test (P/N 2797.4 only)
This test is NOT necessary as 100% of all Onboard GPS receivers that leave ACR have been tested
to ensure they perform perfectly. However, if you would like to ensure your Onboard GPS is working
properly, please follow these instructions very closely.
Warning: To conserve battery power the following test should not be performed more than
once during the five-year life of the battery pack!
Note: The GPS Antenna is located under the bottom front portion of the case behind the embossed
ACR logo. It is imperative that this location not be obstructed during self test or activation to ensure
that the GPS antenna is acquiring your latitude and longitude position. This test must be performed
outside with a clear view of the sky.
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB is fitted with an internal Global Positioning System (GPS)
receiver that will determine the latitude and longitude of its position. To test the internal GPS you
must be outdoors and have a clear view of the sky. The P-EPIRB must remain under observation
in order to witness the results of the test. In order to best view the results, avoid bright sunlight
and noisy locations. Depress and hold the GPS I/O button until one Red LED flash, beep and one
Green LED flash, beep are observed (about 5 seconds apart). Then release the GPS I/O button. The
live test of the internal GPS has begun. The GPS will remain ON until LAT/LON position
coordinates have been obtained or until 10 minutes has elapsed. If valid navigation data has been
obtained, the GPS will be turned OFF and the green LED will light for at least 3 seconds. This
LAT/LON data is not saved for use when the P-EPIRB is turned ON. The green LED is proof that
the GPS is functioning properly and that the P-EPIRB is in a location or environment where it can
receive the necessary signals from satellites. If the GPS does not acquire good navigation data, the
GPS will turn OFF after 10 minutes and there will be no successful green LED indication. This test
should not be performed more than once during the five-year life of the battery pack to prevent
excessive battery drain.
.
4.7.2
Preload external GPS I (Interface)
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB (P/N 2797.2 and 2797.4) can interface with a handheld GPS
receiver to provide your LAT/LON to SAR forces and narrow your search area to 110 yards (100
meters). The P-EPIRB can accept NMEA 0183 version 1.5 and above GPS Data (format GPGGA
sentence) through its infra-red interface. The P-EPIRB can be forced to update its GPS data by
pressing the GPS I or GPS I/O button for at least 1/2 second and not longer than 5 seconds only
when the beacon is off. The AquaFix P-EPIRB will hold the last GPS coordinates in memory for 4
hours before returning to the default. Upon activation, your GPS data will be transmitted to the
GEOSAR satellite on the very first burst. AquaFix 406 P-EPIRB will interface with most GPS
receivers, if you are not sure if your receiver is NMEA 0183 compliant please check the interface
settings listed in your GPS manual.
Maximum 500 preloads during the life of the battery.
To optimize your GPS Interface feature be sure that your portable GPS receiver is equipped with the
following:
NMEA 0183 Version 1.5 or higher
GPGGA sentence is enabled
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Figure 6.
GPS Interface with holster
4.7.3
Figure 7.
GPS Interface without holster
GPS I (Interface) connection
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB (P/N 2797.2 and 2797.4) comes standard with an Optical GPS
data interface with LED (Hard wire connection to you onboard GPS NEMA 0183 output). Connect
the serial port adapter to your external GPS connection data cable. Connect data plus and minus
leads to your NEMA 0183 output wire (consult onboard GPS manual for proper wiring instructions).
The ONLY reliable way to hook up your marine electronics is to solder the leads together, cover the
solder connection and exposed wire with liquid electrician’s tape, and then slips a section of heat
shrink over the outside and seals it in place. If the holster is on the P-EPIRB, align the two tabs on
the bottom of the interface with the holes in on the holster directly above the interface port (see figure
6). Push down and turn to secure the interface cable to the holster. If the holster in not on the PEPIRB simply hold the interface head on top of the interface port with your finger (see figure 7).
SECTION 5 – P-EPIRB Holster
5.1
The AquaFix™ comes standard with a protective holster that will help protect your P-EPIRB from
damage. To install the holster, deploy the antenna and slide antenna through the open hole located
on the left side of the holster. Slide the holster to the base of the P-EPIRB so that the open antenna
hole is flush with the side of the P-EPIRB. Close the back of the holster around the back of the PEPIRB and clip into the front of the holster. Once secured, wrap the antenna around the base of the
holster and clip into antenna slot on the top right side of the holster (See figure 8).
Note: Use extreme caution; do not apply the holster over the antenna. In an emergency it is critical
that you deploy the antenna. If the holster is covering the antenna you will not be able to deploy
properly.
5.2
The AquaFix™ holster has been designed to accommodate your extreme adventures. You can
secure your P-EPIRB directly to backpack webbing straps or belts to ensure the P-EPIRB is close at
hand. Ensure the P-EPIRB is secured firmly and is protected before heading out to avoid damage or
loss. ACR recommends that you secure your P-EPIRB someplace that is easily accessible in case of
an emergency for rapid activation.
Note: Use care when attaching items to your P-EPIRB. Clipping attachments, carabineers, rope,
webbing, etc. will all add weigh and can affect the buoyancy of the P-EPIRB. Your P-EPIRB may
not float if items have been attached to it.
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Figure 8.
Removable Holster
To secure antenna when the holster is on your AquaFix™, be sure to deploy antenna prior to placing the holster onto
the unit. Slide the antenna through the holster to secure it to the beacon. The holster will clip together at the bottom
of holster. Rotate antenna into down position in order to wrap it around the holster to lock it in place. Make sure the
antenna runs between the two guides on the bottom of the holster. This will prevent the antenna from slipping out of
position. Finally lock the antenna into place by engaging the tab located on the antenna into the slot provided on the
top right corner of the holster. Slide it in to lock in place.
To Open the Holster, squeeze inward on the two tabs located on the bottom clip and pull up on the top of the
holster. Rotate antenna up, and slide the holster off around the antenna.
5.3
The AquaFix™ also comes with a bulk head mounting clip that allows you to easily mount your PEPIRB to your console or bulk head. Simply bolt the mounting clip to your desired location and
slide the P-EPIRB onto the clip ensuring that the bottom back of the holster slides over the clip to
secure it in place (See figure 9).
Connect GPS Interface Cable
to the bulk head mount
when P-EPIRB is not attached.
Figure 9.
Bulk Head Mount
Holster opening for the
bulk head mount.
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SECTION 6 - CARE AND MAINTENANCE
6.1
Carefully inspect the P-EPIRB case and gasket for any visible cracks. Cracks may admit moisture,
which could cause a malfunction. In the event of any cracking or structural damage, the P-EPIRB
should be immediately sent to ACR for evaluation and repairs, (1-800-432-0227).
6.2
Do Not clean your P-EPIRB with household cleaners and hydrocarbon materials such as gasoline,
benzene, bleach, sanitizers, soaps, etc., simply wipe your P-EPIRB down with a damp cloth until
clean.
6.3
Battery Replacement
Power is provided by self contained long life batteries with a five-year recommended replacement
cycle. See Factory Authorized Service Center for replacement.
The batteries (P/N 1099.1) must be replaced by the date indicated on the P-EPIRB. At each
inspection, check the time remaining until replacement is required. Batteries should be replaced if
the P-EPIRB has been activated for any use other than the self test.
Batteries should be replaced at an Authorized Battery Replacement Center for the warranty to remain
in effect (if the 5 year warranty has not expired). Services include: replacement of battery packs and
disposal of expired lithium batteries, gasket and O-ring examination and replacement if necessary,
lubricated gaskets and O-ring, air pressure test to ensure water tight integrity, and a full electronics
diagnostic check.
NOTE: This unit is a life saving device and all repairs and replacements need to be made by ACR or
an authorized ACR battery replacement center to ensure the beacon will perform properly when
called upon. Batteries can be replace in the field if necessary (replacing your own batteries will void
your warranty, contact ACR at 1-800-432-0227 for a replacement battery dealer nearest you),
however it is highly recommended to have your beacon serviced once you have returned from the
field to ensure the integrity of the beacon has not been compromised.
For the nearest location of an authorized ACR service center, call 1-800-432-0227 (toll free) or visit
our website at www.acrelectronics.com
6.4
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS contains 2 lithium battery packs.
6.5
Battery Disposal
Please dispose of Lithium batteries in accordance with local waste disposal regulations
SECTION 7 - THE SEARCH AND RESCUE SYSTEM
7.1
General Overview
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB provides distress alerting via radio transmission on 406 MHz to
satellites of the COSPAS-SARSAT network and to the GEOSAR network that includes GPS latitude
and longitude coordinates when GPS data is present.
The message transmitted by the AquaFix™ 406 GPS is unique for each P-EPIRB, which provides
identification of the transmitter through computer access of registration files maintained by the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or other National Authority. Remember, if your
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P-EPIRB is not registered, Search and Rescue (SAR) Authorities do not know who you are, or how
to contact anyone who might know anything about your situation (Refer to section1).
Once the AquaFix™ 406 GPS signal (406 MHz) is relayed through the LEOSAR and/or GEOSAR
network, SAR forces determine who is closest, and then track the signal using the 121.5 MHz homing
frequency for intermediate and short-range location.
7.2
Satellite Detection
7.2.1
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS transmits an encoded phase modulated radio signal to the satellite portion
of the COSPAS-SARSAT System. The system was developed and implemented by the COSPASSARSAT Partners (Russian Federation, Canada, France and the United States).
7.2.2 COSPAS-SARSAT is an international system that uses Russian Federation and United States low
altitude, near-polar orbiting satellites (LEOSAR) that assist in detecting and locating activated
121.5/243 MHz P-EPIRBs and 406 MHz Satellite P-EPIRBs.
7.2.3
COSPAS and SARSAT satellites receive distress signals from satellite P-EPIRBs transmitting on the
frequency of 406 MHz. The COSPAS-SARSAT 406 MHz P-EPIRB signal consists of a transmission
of non-modulated carriers followed by a digital message format that provides identification data. The
406 MHz system uses Satellite-borne equipment to measure and store the Doppler-shifted frequency
along with the P-EPIRB digital data message and time of measurement. This information is
transmitted in real time to an earth station called the Local User Terminal (LUT), which may be
within the view of the satellite, as well as being stored for later transmission to other LUTs.
7.2.4
The LUT processes the Doppler-shifted signal from the LEOSAR and determines the location of the
P-EPIRB; then the LUT relays the position of the distress to a Mission Control Center (MCC) where
the distress alert and location information is immediately forwarded to an appropriate Rescue
Coordination Center (RCC). The RCC dispatches Search and Rescue (SAR) forces.
7.2.5
The COSPAS-SARSAT System includes 39 LEOSAR LUT stations, 9 GEOSAR LUT stations and
over 19 Mission Control Centers that provide real-time as well as global-mode coverage for the
Northern Hemisphere, while the Southern Hemisphere is presently served primarily by the global
mode. Additional LUTs and MCCs are planned for installation in the near future both in the northern
and southern hemispheres.
The addition of the GEOSAR Satellite system greatly improves the reaction time for a SAR event.
This satellite system has no Doppler capabilities at 406 MHz, but will relay the distress alert to any of
the LUT stations. When there is GPS data included in the distress message, SAR authorities instantly
know your location to within 110 yards. This speeds up the reaction time by not having to wait for
one of the LEOSAR satellite to pass overhead.
7.2.6
Because most of the search and rescue forces presently are not equipped to home in on the 406 MHz
Satellite P-EPIRB signal, homing must be accomplished at 121.5 MHz.
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SECTION 8 - AUTHORIZATIONS
8.1
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB meets the requirements of Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) Part 95 Subpart K, European R&TTE Directive
8.2
Characteristics
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB is a buoyant, battery operated Personal Emergency Position
Indicating Radio Beacon. The P-EPIRB case, with its antenna, is waterproof. The semiconductor
circuits are mounted within the case assembly which also contains the battery power supply. A
keypad with “self test,” “GPS I or I/O” and “Off” buttons are installed on the case, along with an
internal beeper and two LEDs. The AquaFix™ 406 GPS models accept external GPS data via an
(P/N
I/R interface cable that is included with your P-EPIRB. The AquaFix™ 406 GPS I/O
2797.4) also contains an Onboard GPS engine that will acquire your LAT/LON if an external GPS
receiver is not present.
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SECTION 9 - TECHNICAL DATA - AquaFix™ 406
9.1
The AquaFix™ 406 GPS P-EPIRB is available in two combinations. The following product codes
define the options available to meet specific operational requirements:
9.2
Applicable Documents
NSS P-EPIRB01-01
COSPAS-SARSAT
RSS 187
FCC
ETSI
9.3
Standard for 406 MHz Satellite P-EPIRB’s, Canada
Document C/S T.001 & T.007 (spec for 406 MHz distress beacons)
Radio Standards Specification for Emergency Position Indicating Radio
Beacons, Emergency Locator Transmitter, and Personal Emergency
Position Indicating Radio Beacon
Part 95, Subpart K
302152/1 version 2003
Specifications
406 MHz Transmitter
Frequency
Frequency Stability
Output Power
Digital Message
Format
Long message / serialized
Message protocol
Duration
Rate
Encoding
Modulation
406 MHz
±2 parts per billion/100ms
5 watts
Standard Location (2797.2 – 2797.4)
520 ms
400 bps
Biphase L
±1.1 radians peak
P-EPIRB’s leave ACR with Serialized code but can be reprogrammed at a service center to other coded formats
including nationality of registration.
121.5 MHz Transmitter
Frequency
Frequency Tolerance
Output Power
Morse Code “P” ID
Modulation
Type
Sweep Range
Sweep Rate
Duty Cycle
Morse P
Antenna
Frequency
Polarization
VSWR
121.5 MHz
±50 ppm
25 mW PEP
every 50 seconds (approximately)
AM (3K20A3N)
400 to 1200 Hz
3 Hz
37.5%
AM (2K00A2A)
406 & 121.500 MHz
Vertical
Less than 1.5/1
General/Environmental
Battery Life
Operating Class I
24 hours minimum @ -40°C (future accessory)
Operating Class II
24 hours minimum @ -20°C
Replacement Interval
5 years or after use in an emergency
Batteries meet the UN Classification for Non-dangerous goods
Size
P-EPIRB less Antenna
1.74 x 5.71 x 3.03 in (4.4 x 14.5 x 7.7 cm)
Material
High impact and UV resistant plastic
Color
ACRtreuse
Weight (less holster)
12 oz (338 grams)
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Waterproof
Temperature Range
Operating
Class I
Class II
Storage
Class I
Class II
Exceeds RTCM Standards - Factory Tested to 10 meters at room temperature
-40°C to +55°C (-40°F to +131°F) (future accessory)
-20°C to +55°C (-4°F to +131°F)
-50°C to +70°C (-58°F to +158°F) (future accessory)
-40°C to +70°C (-40°F to +158°F)
SECTION 10 - GPSI/O Frequently Asked Question
Q. How do I download position data from my GPS to my P-EPIRB?
A. You must have a NMEA 0183 version 1.5 or higher output ready GPS unit and a GPS Interface cable.
The NMEA 0183 optical Interface connector supplied with your AquaFix must be connected to the GPS
interface cable using a universal serial adapter. Turn on your GPS unit and allow it to acquire the
necessary satellites. Make sure the output is set to NMEA 0183 with the GPGGA sentence configured if
necessary. Connect the NMEA 0183 interface cable to the GPS unit and the AquaFix. The AquaFix will
initiate a data preload when the GPS I or GPS I/O button is pressed for more than ½ second and less
than 5 seconds.
Q. How long does it take to down load position coordinates from my external GPS to my P-EPIRB?
A. Upon connection with a properly operating and fully acquired GPS unit, the ACR P-EPIRB usually take
less than four minutes to synchronize and download coordinates. Subsequent position updates will take
from a few seconds to no more than 20 seconds to complete.
Q. How does the GPS data get from my GPS to the P-EPIRB?
A. The GPS unit transmits data as electrical energy through the GPS Interface cable to the ACR optical
interfacing connector. The ACR optical interfacing connector has an infrared LED and sensor located
in it. The electrical energy supplied by the GPS unit is converted to infrared light in the ACR optical
interfacing plug. Data from the GPS unit is transmitted via infrared light to the P-EPIRB through the
translucent P-EPIRB top cap or lens when the ACR optical Interface plug is properly engaged. The PEPIRB has an infrared detector that decodes the light pulses. ACR uses an optical Interface design to
eliminate the potential for leaks and corrosion common to mechanically interfacing devices. An external
LED flashes to confirm that GPS data is being sent from the handheld GPS.
Q. Can I download information once my P-EPIRB is turned on and activated?
A. No. You must download your GPS coordinates into the AquaFix™ prior to activating your P-EPIRB.
Once activated your P-EPIRB will transmit your LAT/LON coordinates to the GEOSAR satellites. If no
GPS data has been downloaded into the P-EPIRB it will rely on the LEOSAR satellites to obtain the PEPIRB’s position using Doppler shift. If your P-EPIRB contains an onboard GPS (P/N 2797.4) the GPS
engine will be turned on upon activation and will search to acquire your LAT/LON.
Q. Does my P-EPIRB need any special set up to accept GPS data from an external GPS?
A. No. If it is hooked to a valid data source, that has been properly set up to deliver NMEA format with the
GPGGA sentence, it will automatically attempt to download the data once the GPS I or GPS I/O button
has been depressed and will form an emergency message that includes the position data when the
preload function is initiated.
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Q. Does my GPS unit have to be set up in a special way to transmit position coordinates via the
NMEA 0183 Interface?
A. For the GPS to transmit data, go to GPS setup and make sure the NMEA 0183 output is turned on and
the GGA NMEA sentence is selected or turned on. Consult your GPS user’s manual for information on
configuring the NMEA output.
Q. What is the maximum length my GPS cable can be?
A. ACR Electronics recommends a maximum length of 400 feet using 24 AWG wire. Contact your GPS
owner’s manual for more detailed information.
Q. What happens if I plug the GPS into the P-EPIRB first and press the GPS I or I/O button without
waiting for the GPS to acquire satellites?
A. The P-EPIRB will function normally in the off position, but will not store GPS coordinates. As soon as
the GPS has acquired satellites the data will be transferred to the P-EPIRB. If the P-EPIRB is activated
no GPS data will be accepted and your P-EPIRB will rely on the LEOSAR satellites to obtain its position
by using Doppler shift.
Q. What happens if I have downloaded GPS into my P-EPIRB and the Onboard GPS engine acquires
new GPS data (P/N 2797.4 only)?
A. If external and internal GPS are present, the internal GPS data will have priority at activation. If the
internal GPS has not been able to acquire your LAT/LON coordinates prior to your first burst, the
downloaded GPS coordinates will accompany the UIN to the satellites. Once good navigational
coordinates are obtained by the onboard GPS, these coordinates will be updated into the distress
message and the downloaded coordinates will be eliminated.
Q. How long does the P-EPIRB hold data in memory?
A. 4 hours. If new GPS data has not been downloaded, the AquaFix will return to default mode and utilize
the LEOSAR satellites to obtain the position using Doppler shift.
Q. How much power is needed to run the IR LED on the GPS cable?
A. The minimum power needed is 3.3VDC and 2mA
11.0
LIMITED WARRANTY
11.1
This product is warranted against factory defect in material and workmanship for a period of five
years from date of purchase or receipt as a gift. During the warranty period ACR Electronics, Inc.
will repair or, at its option, replace at no cost to you for labor, materials or return transportation,
provided you obtain a Return Authorization from ACR Electronics, Inc., 5757 Ravenswood Road,
Ft. Lauderdale, Fl. 33312-6645. To obtain a Return Authorization, call our Customer Service
Department at (800) 432-0227. This warranty does not apply if the product has been damaged by
accident or misuse, or as a result of service or modification performed by an unauthorized factory.
Except as otherwise expressly stated in the previous paragraph, the COMPANY MAKES NO
REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY OTHER MATTER
WITH RESPECT TO THIS PRODUCT. The Company shall not be liable for, consequential or
special damages. In order to place the warranty in effect, the accompanying registration card must be
returned to ACR Electronics, Inc. within ten days of purchase.
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