Buick | SKYLARK 1996 | Owner`s manual | Buick SKYLARK 1996 Owner`s manual

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The 1996 Buick Skylark Owner’s Manual
.............................................................
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly.
It also explains “SRS” system.
FeaturesandControls ..................................................................
This section explains howto start and operate your Buick.
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems.....................................................
Seats and Restraint Systems
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1-1
2-1
3-1
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your
audio system.
..............................................................
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
ProblemsontheRoad ..................................................................
YourDrivingandtheRoad
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This section tellsyou what to do i.f you
have a problemwhile driving, such as a flat
tire or
overheated engine, etc.
...........................................................
MaintenanceSchedule... ................................................................
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maibtenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
Customer Assistance Information ........................................................
Service and AppearanceCare.
6-1
Here the manual tells you how to keep your Buick running properly and looking good.
7-1
8-1
This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and how to get service publications.
It also
gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page8-7.
Index
................................................................................
9-1
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subject inthis manual. You can use it to quickly find something you
want to read.
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We support voluntary
technician certification.
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GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem,
BUICK, the BUICK Emblem and
the name Skylarkare
registered trademarksof General Motors Corporation.
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
This manual includesthe latest information at the time
it
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
was printed.We reserve the right to make changes in the
EXCELLENCE
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first soldin Canada, substitute the name
“General Motorsof Canada Limited”for Buick Motor
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer
Division wheneverit ippears in this manual.
Please keepthis manual in your Buick,so it will be there French Language Manual:
if you ever needit when you’re onthe road. If you sell
Aux propriCtaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide enfianpis chez
the vehicle, please leave this manualit so
in the new
owner can use it.
votre concessionaireou au:
a
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1500 Bonhill Rd.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7
Litho inU.S.A.
Part No. 25632197 B First Edition
ii
@Copyright General Motors Corporation 1995
All Rights Reserved
iii
“valve-in-head” engine, a light, ,powerful and reliable
influence the entire
engine which would eventually
automotive industry.
in promoting
William C.’Durant was instrumental
his Durant-Dort
Buicks across the country using
of a
Carriage Co. outlets and salespeople as the nucleus
giant distribution system. He knew the Buick as a
“self-seller.” If automobiles could be this good,
he
thought, maybe it was time to switch
from the horse and
buggy business to automobiles.
Walter Marr and Thomas Buick
Buick’s chief engineer, Walter
L. Marr (left), and
Thomas D. Buick, son of founder David Dunbar Buick,
drove the first Flirit Buick in a successful Flint-Detroit
round trip in July 1904.
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David Buick was building gasoline engines
by 1-899,
and Man, his engineer, apparently built
the first auto to
be called a Buick
in 1900. However, Buick traditionally
dates its beginnings to 1903. That was the year the
William C . (Billy)Durant
company was reorganized, refinanced and moved from
Detroit to Flint. Buick has always been a product
innovator. Buick engineers developed the
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At the 1905New York
Auto Show, Durant took
orders for 1,000 Buicks
before the company had
built 40.On Buick’s
success, Durant created a
holding company,
September 16, 1908.. He
called it General Motors.
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Durant also created racing
a
team that won500 racing
trophies in 1909 and 1910, including successes at
Indianapolis two years before
the Indy 500 began.
The success of Buick engines was visible not only
on
the race track, but in endurance tests across
the country
and aroundthe world. Buick wasthe only. carto
complete a 1,000-mile Chicago-to-New
York race in
1906. And a Buick was
the first car to travel across
South America, drivenfrom Buenos Aires,krgentina,
over the Andes to Santiago,Chile in 1914.
1911 Model 21 Touring Car on Bulck’s
Test
Hill
Buick drew plentyof attention becauseit could climb
hills and run through mud
like no other car. Buick’s
endurance and reliability were world famous.
During World WarI, Buick built Liberty aircraft engines
so successfully that
as well as Red Cross ambulances
one Buick ambulance was awarded the Croix de Guerre
by the French government.
As a builderof premier automobiles, Buick
was hard hit
by the Great Depression. However, new General
Manager HarlowH. Curtice created popular new models
including the Special andthe Roadmaster. Buick sales
soon flourished.
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First Buick Factory
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1962 Buick Special
Ed .Mertz,General Manager,Buick Motor Division
Built inside the walls
of the old buildings in Buick’s
former Flint complex, which formed
the cornerstone of
General Motors, Buick City
is a state-of-the-art
assembly facility with more than200 robots and other
high-tech equipment.It was completedin the fall
of 1985.
Our mission is simple:
“Buick will provide Premium American Motorcars
backed with services that exceed
our customers’
expectations, throughoutthe purchase, ownership,
service and repurchase experience.”
Buicks are SUBSTANTIAL.
Buicks are, and will continue to be, premium American
Buicks are DISTINCTIVE.
motorcars with smooth power, high performance, rich
detail and comfortable accommodation.
Buicks arePOWERFUL.
Buicks areMATURE.
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How to Use This Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginnjng
to end when theyfirst receive theirnew vehicle. If you
do this, it will help you learn about the features and
controls for your vehicle.In this manual, you’ll find that
pictures and words work together to explain things
quickly.
Index
A good place to look
for what you needis the Indexin
the back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list
of all
that’s in the manual, and
the page number where you’ll
find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
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You will find a number
of safety cautionsin this book.
We usezabox andthe word CAUTION to tell you about
if you were to ignorethe
things that could hurt you
warning.
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These mean thereis something thatcould hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area,we tell you what the hazardis. Then
we tell you what todo to help avoid or reduce
the
If you don’t, you or
hazard. Please read these cautions.
others coul&be hurt.
You will also find a circle
it in
with a slash through
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,’’
“Don’t dothis,” or “‘Don’t
let this happen.”
Also, in this book youwill fiid these notices:
not be covered by your warranty, and
it could be costly.
But the notice willtell you whatto do to help avoidthe
damage.
I NOTICE:
When you read other manuals, you might CAUTION
see
and NOTICE warnings in different colors orin different
words.
Vehicle Damage Warnings
These mean thereis something thatcould
. damage your vehicle.
You’ll also see warning labelson your vehicle. They use
the same wordsCAUTION or NOTICE.
In the notice area, we tell you about something can
that
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
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Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your
vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
These symbols
have to do with
your lights:
TURN
SIGNALS
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
COOLANT
TEMP
e
CAUSTIC
COOLANT
'
x
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BATTERY
POWER
WINDOW
,\I/,
DAYTIME *
RUNNING *
LAMPS
FOG LAMPS
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0
$0
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
VENTILATING
FAN
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
FUSE
LIGHTER
c
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
t
(0)
)6.
a
b
HORN
BRAKE
BURNS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
--
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
SPEAKER
e,
FUEL
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1996Owner’sManualSupplement
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This information replaces the “Securing
a Child
Restraint in a Rear OutsideSeat Position’’ textin
Section 1 of your Owner’s Manual.
3. Pick up the latch plate, andrun the lap and shoulder
or
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt.
See the earlier part
about thetop strap if the child restrainthas one.
1. Put the‘restrainton the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
2. Secure the childin the child restraint as the
instructions say.
needed.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the ifbelt
If the shoulder belt goes in front
of the child’s face or
. neck, put it behind
the child restraint.
Part No. 96SKYCAVOOl
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Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’llfind information aboutthe seats in your
Buick and how to use your safety belts properly.
You
not do with
can also learn about some things you should
air bags and safety belts.
Seats and SeatContro1:s
This section tells you about the seats
-- how to adjust them,
and also about reclining €font seatbacks and head restraints.
Manual Front Seats
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A CAUTION:
You can lose controlof the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicleis not moving.
Move the control lever under the
front of the seat to
unlock it. Slide the seatto where you want it. Then
try to movethe seat with your
release the lever and
body, to make sure
the seat is locked in place.
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4-Way Manual Seat Driver’s Seat Only
(Option)
Manual Lumbar Support (Option)
Turn the knob on the right front
of the driver’s seat
cushion
clockwise
or
counterclockwise
to adjust the
If you have this option, you have two levers under the
support for the lower back.
front edge of the seat.The lever near the outer
side of
it to slide forward
the seat(A) unlocks the seat allowing
and back.The lever on the right (B) allows you to tilt
the seatup and down.
Power Seat Controls (Option)
Reclining Front Seatbacks
Your vehicle will have one of these reclining seatback
levers.
The power seat controls are located the
on side of the
seat.
Front Control (F): Raise thefront of the seat by
holding the switchup. Hold the switchdown to lower
the front of the seat.
Center Control (C):Move the seat forward or
backward by holding the control to front
the or back.
or up
Raise or lower the seat by, holding the control
down.
Rear ControI (R): Raise the rear of the seatby holding
to'lower the rearof
the switchup. Hold the switch down
the seat.
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To adjust the seatback, lift the lever on the outer of
side
the seat and move the seatback to where you want it.
Release the leverto lock the seatback.Pull up on the
lever and the seatwill go to an upright position.
But don’t havea seatback reclined if your vehicle
is
moving.
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Sitting in a reclined pos1aor- ..men your veniele is
in motion.can be dangerous. Evenif you buckle
up, your safety belts can't do their jobwhen
you're reclined like this.,
The shoulderbelt can't8doits job because it
won't be against yourbody. Instead, it.Will .bein
front of you. In a crash you could go intoit,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can't do its either.
job In a crash the
belt could go up over yourabdomen. The belt
forces would be there, not,at your
pelvic bones.
.This could cause seriousinternal injuries.
For proper protectionwhen the vehicle is in
motion, have the seatback upright. Then well
sit
backin the seat and wear'your
safety belt
properly.
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To fold a front seat forward, lift the seatback latch. The right front seat
of your vehicle makes it easy to get
When you return the seatback toits original position, the in and outof the rear seat.
Tilt the right front seatb.ack
Completely
forward
and
lock
seatback
will
the whole seat will slide forward.
m-try Seat *-+ion (2-Door Models)
Move the right front seatbackto its original position
after someone getsinto the rear seat area. Then move
the seat rearward until
it locks.
Tilt the seatback completely forward again to get
If
an
easy
entry
right
front
seat
isn’t
locked,
it
out.
can move. In a sudden stop or crash, the person
sitting there could be injured. After you’ve used
it, be sure to push rearward
on an easy entry seat
to be sure it is locked.
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Rear Seats
Folding the Rear Seat(Option)
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With the rear folding
seatbacks, you can carry
long cargo by folding down
part orall of the rear seat.
Pull this strap to fold down
the seatback.
When you fold the seatback up, push theoftop
the seat,
making sure the seatis completely closed to ensure the
seat locksin a sudden stopor crash.
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Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone.
This part of the manual tellsyou how to use safety belts
properly. It .alsotells you some thingsyou shouldnot.do
with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS),
or air’bagsystem.
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Your vehicle has light
a that
comes on as a reminder to
buckle up. (See “Safety Belt
Reminder Light”in the
Index.)
,
Don’t let anyone ride where
he or she can’t wear
a safety beltproperly. If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearinga safety belt, your injuries
can be much worse. You can hit thingsinside~the
vehicle or be ejected fromit. You can be seriously
injured orkilled. In the same crash,you might
not be if you are buckled up. Alwaysfasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened prqerly too.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why:They work.
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You never knowif you’ll be in a crash.
If you do havea
crash, you don’t know itifwill be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can
so be
serious that even buckled
up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashesare in between. In many of them,
walk
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes
away. Without belts they could have been badly
hurt or
killed.
After more than 25 years of safety belts vehicles,
In most crashes buckling up does
the facts are clear.
matter ... a lot!
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.
Why $afety Belts Work
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Men-yuu ridein or on .mythg, you go as fast asit,
goes.'
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Put someoneon it.
Take the simplestvehicle. Suppose it's just a seat
on
wheels.
k
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
The person keeps going until stopped
by something.
In a real vehicle, it could
be the windshield...
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Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk &:
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
A:
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle afteran
accident if I’m wearing
a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But youcan unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance
of
being conscious duringA d after .an accident,
so
you can unbuckle andget out, is much greater if
you are belted.
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If my vehicle has air bags, why should I have to
wear. safety belts?
A:
Air bags arein many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only;so they work with
safety belts-- not insteadof them. Every air bag
system ever offeredfor sale has required
the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re
in a vehicle that hasair
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That’s true not only
in frontal collisions,
,but especially in side and other collisions.
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If I’m a good driver, andI never drive far from
home, why should I wear.safety belts?
You may be an excellent driver, but
if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault
-- you and
your passengerscan be hurt. Beinga good driver
doesn’t protect youfrom things beyond your
control, suchas bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within
25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number
of serious.injuries
and deaths occur at speeds
of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts arefor everyone.
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How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Adults
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things
to know about
safety belts and children. And there are different rules
If a child will be riding
for smaller children and babies.
in your Buick, seethe part of this manual called
“Children.” Follow those rules for everyone’s
protection.
First, you’ll wantto know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver hasa lap-shoulder belt. Here’s ho~w
to we& it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats”
in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
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5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt asyou pull up on the shoulder belt.
The lap part of the
belt should be worn low and snug on
thrghs.In a crash, this applies
the hips, just touching the
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d
be less likely
If you slid under it, the belt
to slide under the lap belt.
would apply force atyour abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locksif there’s a suddenstop or crash.
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What’s wrong with this?
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
A:
The shoulder beltis too loose.It won’t give nearly
as much protectionthis way.
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&:
What’s wrong with this?
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in thewrong place like this. In a crash,
the beltwould go up over yourabdomen. The
belt forces would be there, notat the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your beltinto thebuckle nearest
you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
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What’s wrong with this?
A CAUTION:
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You can be seriously injured if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm.
In a crash, your
body would move too far forward, which would
increase the chanceof head andneck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liveror spleen.
A:
The shoulder beltis worn under the arm.It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
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&:
What's wrong with this?
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You can be seriously injured by a twisted In
belt.
a crash,you wouldn't have thefull widthof the
is twisted,
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt
,make it straightso it can work properly, or ask
your dealer tofii it.
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A:
The belt is twisted across the,body.
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Your Buick has twoair bags -- one air bag for the driver
and anotherair bag for the right front passenger.
Here arethe most important things to know aboutair
the
bag system:
You can be sevqely
injured or
killed in a crash if
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you aren’,t wearing your safety belteven if you
have an air ‘bag. Wearing your safety belt
during
a crash helps reduce your chance
of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected fromit. The air
bag isonly a “supplemental restraint.” That is,
it workswith safety belts butdoesn’t replace
them. Air bags are designed to workonly in
moderate to severe crashes where the front
of
your vehicle hits something. They aren’t designed
to inflateat all in rollover, rear, sideor low-speed
frontal crashes. Everyone in your
vehicle,
including the driver, should wear
a safety belt
properly whether or not there’s an airbag
for thatperson.
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To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt shouldgo back out of the way.
Before you closethe door, be sure the belt
is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage boththe
belt and your vehicle.
Supplemental Restraint System @RS)
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This part explainsthe Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) or air bag system.
1-21
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A CAUTION:
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Air bags inflate with great forpe, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to an inflating
air bag, it could seriously injure you. Safety belts
help keep you in position for an airbag inflation
in a crash. Always wear your safety
belt, even
with an air bag. The drivershould,sit as far back
as possible whilestill maintaining controlof the
vehicle.
An inflating air bag canseriously injure small
children. Always secure children properly in your
vehicle. To read how, see the partof this manual
called “Children” and the caution label
on the.
right frontpassenger’s safety belt.
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AIR
BAG
There is an air bag readiness
light $on the instrument
panel, which showsAIR
BAG.
The system checks the
air bag’s electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells
you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light”in the Index
for more information.
he Air Bag System Works
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'air
bag is in the middle of the steering
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impacts, or rear impacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
Don’t put anythingon, or attach anything to, the
steering wheel or instrument panel. Also, don’t
put anything (suchas pets or objects) between
any occupant and the steering wheel or
instrument panel. If something is between an
occupant and an air bag, it could affect the
performance of the air bag or worse, it could
cause injury.
--
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In any particular crash,no one can say whetheran air
bag should have inflated simply because
of the damage
of what the repair costs were.
to a vehicle or because
Inflation is determined by the angleof the impact and
the vehicle’s deceleration. Vehicle damage is only one
indication of this.
What makes anair bag inflate?
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a frontal or near-frontal impact
of sufficient severity,
is
the air bag sensing system detects that the vehicle
suddenly stopping as a result ,of a crash. The sensing
system triggersa chemical reactionof the sodium azide
sealed in the inflator. The reaction produces nitrogen
gas, which inflates theair bag. The inflator, air bag and
related hardwqe are all partof the air bag modules
packed inside the steering wheel and in the instrument
panel in frontof the right front passenger.
When should an airbag inflate?
The air bagis designed to inflatein moderate to severe
air bag will inflate
frontal or near-frontal crashes. The
only if the impact speed
is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.”If your vehicle goes straight into a
is
wall that doesn’t move or deform, the threshold level
about 9 to 16 mph (14 to 26 km/h). The threshold level
so that
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design,
or below this range.If your
it c.an be somewhat above
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform, such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
in rollovers, side
air bagis not designed to inflate
1-24
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How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severefrontal or near-frontal collisions,
even belted occupantscan contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel.The air bag supplements the
protection providedby safety belts. Air bags distribute
the force of the impact more evenly over the occupant’s
upper body, stoppingthe occupant more gradually. But
air bags would not help you in many types
of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impacts and side
impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
the air bag. Air bags should never be regarded as
anything more than a supplement.
to safety belts, and
then onlyin moderate to severefrontal or near-frontal
collisions.
What will you see after
an.airbag inflates?
After thea i bag inflates,it quickly deflates.This occurs
so.quickly that some people may not even realize
airthe
bag inflated.Some components of the air bag modulein
the steering wheel hub
for the driver’s air bag, or
the
instrument panelfor the right front passenger’s bag, will
be hotfor a short time. The part of the bag that comes
into contact with you may be warrn,it will
but neverbe’
too hot to touch. There will be some smoke and dust
coming from vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag
inflation willnot prevent thedriver from seeing or from
being able to steerthe vehicle, nor willit stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
When an air bag inflates, there
is dust in the
air. This dust could cause breathing problems
for people witha history of asthma or other
breathing trouble.To avoid this, everyone in the
vehicle should get out
as soon as it is safe to do so.
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are brokenby vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger.air bag.
The air bags are designed to inflate only once. After
they inflate, you’ll need some
new parts for your air
bag system.If you don’t get them,the air bag system
won’t be there to
help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
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possibly other parts.The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information about
the air bag system. The module records information
about the readinessof the system, when the sensors
are activated and driver’s safety belt usage at
deployment.
0
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your air bag
system won’t work properly. See your dealer for
service.
NOTICE:
If you damage thecover for the driver’s or the
right frontpassenger’s air bag, they may not
work properly. You may have to replace the air
bag module in the steeringwheel or both the air
bag module and the instrumentpanel for the
right frontpassenger’s air bag. Do not open or
break the airbag covers.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick
Air bags affect how your Buick should be serviced.
There are partsof the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle.You don’t want the system to
inflate while someoneis working on your vehicle.Your
Buick dealer and the Skylark Service Manual have
information about servicing your vehicle and the air bag
system. To purchase a service manual,see “Service and
Owner Publications” in the Index.
iAi
CAUTION:
I
I
For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is
turned off and the batteryis disconnected, an air
bag canstill inflate during improperservice. You
can be injured if you are close to an air bag’when
it inflates. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow tape
or yellow connectors. They are probably part of
the air bag system. Be sure tofollow proper
service procedures, and make sure theperson
performing work for you is qualified to doso.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-26
.-
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
The best way to protect thefetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely thatthe fetus won’t be hurtin a crash. For
pregnant women, asfor anyone, the keyto making
safety belts effective is wearing them properly.
Safety belts workfor everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more
likely to be
seriously injuredif they don’t wear safety belts.
Right Front Passenger Position
~
1
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt. See “Driver Position,”
earlier in this section.
Rear Seat Passengers
’
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckleup!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat arehurt more oftenin crashes than thosewho are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehiclein a crash. And theycan strike others
in the vehiclewho are wearing safety belts.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
1-27
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The .positionsnext tothe windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wearone properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and
pull the belt acrossyou.
Don’t let it get twisted.
I
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until
it clicks.
_
3. To make the lap p.art-tight,pull 'down onthe buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is
too loose.& a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your body.
.
,
The lap partof the belt should be worn low and snug on
thighs. In a crash,'this applies
the hips, just touching the
be less likely
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you'd
If you slid under it, the belt
to slide under the lap belt.
would apply force at your abdomen.This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The' safety belt locks
if there's a sudden stop or a crash.
1-30
To unlatch the belt,just push the button on the buckle.
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfortfor childreiwho have outgrown
child restraints andfor small adults. When installed on a
shoulder belt,the c~mfortguide pulls the belt away
from the neck and head.
,
,
There is one guide for each outside passenger position in
the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort
for
children who have outgrown child restraints for
and
on
smaller adults, the comfort guides may be installed
the shpulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and usethe safety belt:
1. Pull theelastic cord out from betweenthe edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide fromits storage clip.
1 21
earlier'in this section. Make sure that the shouider
.bit crosses'the shoulder.
i.!.
I
.
.
.
.
\
Children
Smaller Children and Babies
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
fact,
infants and all children smaller than adult In
size.
CAUTION:
the lawin every statein the UnitedStates and in every
I I
Canadian province says children up to some age must be
Smaller children and babies should
always be
restrained while in a vehicle.
restrained ina child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint
will say whether it is
the right type andsize for your child. A very ’
young child’s hip bones are so small that a
regular belt mightnot stay low onthe hips, as it
should. Instead, the beltwill likely beover the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, the beltwould apply
force righton the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or
fatal injuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough for one is always properly
restrained ina child or infant restraint.
I
I
-CAUTION: (Continued)
at only 25mph (40 k d h ) , a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-1b. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The baby
would be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the babyin an infant restraint.
A CAUTION:
Never hold a baby in yourarms while riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much,--until a
crash. Duringa crash a baby will becomeso
heavy you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-36
Child Restraints
A CAUTION:
Be sure the child restraint
is designed to be used in a
it meets
vehicle. If it is, it will have a label saying that
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
A child in a rear-facing child restraint canbe
seriously injured if the right frontpassenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the backof a
rear-facing child restraint would be very close to
the inflatingair bag. Always secure a rear-facing
child restraint in the rear seat.
You may, however, secure a forward-facing child
restraint in the right fr,ont seat.
Before you secure
a forward-facing child restraint, always move the
front passenger seatas far back as it will go. Or,
secure thechild restraint in the rear seat.
Then follow the instructions
for the restraint. You may
find these instructions
on the restraint itself or
in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, butthe child also has to be secured within
the restraintto help reduce the chance
of personal injury..
or child
The instructions that come with the infant
restraint will show you howdo
tothat.
Where to Put the Restraint
,
Accident statistics show that children are safer
if they
are restrainedin the rear rather than the
front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraintin the rear seat.Never put a rear-facing
Wherever you installit, be sure to secure the child
child restraintin the front passenger seat.
restraint properly.
Here’s why:
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and ‘injure people
in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle-- even when no child
is in it.
-
1-37
Top,Strap
If your child restraint has a top
strap,.it should be
If
you
need
to
have
an anchor installed, you
anchored.
can ask your Buick dealer to put
it in for you. If you
want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
you how to do it.
For cars first sold
in Canada, child restraints with a top
strap must be anchored according
to Canadian law.
Your dealer can obtain the hardware kit and install
for it
you., or you may install it yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Use the tether hardware kit available from the dealer.
The hardware and installation instructions were
specifically designedfor this vehicle.
1 2Q
I
.
I
I
Securing a Chitd' Restraint in
a Rea.r
Outside. Seat' Position
I
1.
!.
,
,
.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust the belt
if needed.
'
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child's far;eur
neck, putit behind the child restraint.
,
~
!
I
5. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to 'unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif you ever had to.
6. To tighten the belt, pull up on the shoulder belt while
you push down on the child restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraintin different
directions to besure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle's
safety belt'and let itgo back, all the way. The' safety belt
to work for an adult
will hove freely again and be ready
or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap belt.
See the earlier part about the top strap
if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the’beltas longas possible by tilting the latch
plate and pullipg it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat. Follow
the instructions
for the child restraint.
in the child restraint as the
3. Secure the child
instructions say.
4. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
1-41
.
-
.
. -
.
’.
,
.
4
7. Push and pull the child restraint
in different
directions to be sure
it is secure.If it isn’t, secure the
restraint in a different placein the vehicle and
contact the child Testraint maker
for their advice
about how to attach the child restraint properly.
To remove the child restraint,
just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt.It will be ready to work
for an adult or larger
child passenger.
’
Securing a Child’ Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
I
\
,
5 . Buckle the belt. Make surethe release buttonis
positioned so you would beable to unbuckle the
if you ever had to.
safety belt quickly
6. To tighten the belt, pullits free end while you push
down on the child restraint.
I
Your vehicle has a right
front passenger air:bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint
in this seat. Here’s why:
A child ina rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured if the right front passenger’s air
bag inflates. This is because the back
of a
rear-facing child restraint would be very close to
the inflating air bag. Always secure
a rearfacing
child restraint in the rear seat.
4. Pick up the latch plate, and
run the lap qnd shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show youhow.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt.
See the earlier part
if the child restraint has one.
.about the top strap
1. Because your vehiclehas a right front passengerair
bag, always move the seat far
as back as it willgo
before securinga forward-facing child restraint. (See
“Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restrainton the seat. Follow the instructions
for the child restraint.
3. Secure the child in the child restraint as the
instructions say.
Tilt the latch plate to adjust theifbelt
needed.
If the shoulder belt goes in front
of the child’s face or
neck, putit behind the child restraint.
I
1-43
I
....
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
Q= but
thechild is so small that the shoulder
belt is
very close to thechild’s face or neck?
A:
I
I
A CAUTION:
t Never do this.
Here two children arewearing thesame belt. The
belt can’t properly spread the impact
forces. In a
crash, thetwo children canbe crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one person at a time.
Move the child toward
the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still ,is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash the child’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide.
If the
child is. sitting in a rear seat outside position,
see
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the Index.
If
the childis so small that the shoulder belt
is still
very close to the child’s
face or neck, you might
want to place the child
in the center seat position,
the one that‘hasonly a lap belt.
Never do this.
Here a child is sitting ina seat thathas a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part
is behind
the child. If the child wears the belt this
in way, in
a crash thechild might slideunder thebelt. The
belt’s force would then be applied righton the
child’s abdomen. That could cause serious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits,the lap portion of the belt
should beworn low and snug on the hips,just touching
the child’s thighs.This applies beltforce to the child’s
pelvic bonesin a crash.
1-47
Also look for any opened-orbroken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
‘Ifthe vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you does not need regular maintenance.)
should<useit.
Safety Belt Extender
Replacing Restraint System’ Parts
But if a safety beltisn’t Iong enough tofasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free., When you go After a Crash
in to orderit, take the heaviest coat you will wear,
so the
If you’ve had a crash,
do you need new belts?
extender ,will be long enough
for you. The extender will
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
be just for you, andjust for the seatin your vehicle that
But if the belts were stretched,
as they would be if worn
you choose. Don’t let someone
else use it, and useit
during a more severe crash, then you need new belts.
only for the seatit is made to fit.To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision
to have safety belt
damage also may mean you will need
Checking Your Restraint Systems
or seat parts repaired or replaced. New parts and repairs
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light may be necessary even if the belt wasn’t being used at
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and the timeof the collision.
Look for any other
anchorages are working properly.
If your seat adjuster won’t work after a crash, the special
loose or damaged safety belt system parts.
If you see
part of the safety belt that goes through the seat to the
anything that might keep a safety belt system from
adjuster may needto be replaced.
doing its job, have it repaired.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
a
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect inyou
system parts. See the part
on the air bag system earlierin
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
this section.
tom or frayed, get anew one right away.
1-48
NOTES
7
1-49
NOTES
I
1-50
n
Section 2 FeaturesandControls
Here you.can learn about the many standard and
optional featureson your Buick, and information on
Also explained are the
starting, shifting and braking.
.
instrument panel ,and the warning systems that tellifyou
everything is working properly-- and whatto do if you
have a problem.
Keys
A CAUTION:
I
Leaving young children in a vehicle with the
A
ignition keyis dangerous for many reasons.
child or others could be badly injured or even
killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don't
leave the keys in a vehicle with young children.
2-1
One key,is used for the
ignition, the doors and
all other locks.
Each tag has a code on it that tells your dealer or a
qualified locksmith how to make extra keys. Keep the
tags in a safe place.If you-loseyour key, you'll be able
.
to have new ones made easily using these tags.
If you need a new key,go to your Buick dealer
for the
correct key code.
NOTICE:
When a new Buick is delivered, the dealer removes
the
first owner.
key tagfrom the keys, and gives them to the
2-2
Your Buick has a number of new features that
can help prevent theft, therefore you can have a
,lot of trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever
lock your keys inside. You may even haveto
damage your vehicle to get in.So be sure you
have extra keys.
I
Door Locks
I
Unlocked doors canbe dangerous.
Passengers especially children can easily
open the doorsand fall out. When a door is
locked, the inside handlewon't open it.
Outsiders caneasily enter throughan unlocked
door whenyou slowdown or stop yourvehicle.
This may notbe so obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a
crash if the doorsaren't locked. Wear safetybelts
properly, lock your doors,and you will be far
better off whenever you drive yourvehicle.
--
--
L
From the inside:To lock the door, slide the lock control
rearward.
To unlock the door, slide the lock control forward. The
lock control will show orange when
in the UNLOCK
positi'on.
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your key the
or Remote Keyless
Entry Systemif your vehicle has this option.
2-3
Power Door Locks
Automatic Door Locks
Press the power door lock
switch to lock or unlock all
the doors at once.
2-4
Just close your doors and turn on the ignition.
of All
your doors will lock when you move your shift lever out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL(N). If someone needs to
get out while the vehicle is running, have that person use
the manualor power lock. If the shift leveris not in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) when the opened door is
closed, all doors will be locked when the door is closed.
If the shift lever is in
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) when
the opened door is closed, all doors will be locked when
you shift outof PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N). All doors
will automatically unlock when the ignition is turned
OW. The automatic door unlock feature can be defeated
by removing the DR UNLK
fuse from the vehiclefuse
block. See “Fuses and Circuit Breakers”
in the Index.
I
Rear Door Security Lock
Your Buick may be equipped with rear door security
locks that help prevent passengers
from opening the rear
doors of your carfrom the inside. To use oneof these
locks:
If you don't cancel the security lock feature, adults or
older children who'
ride in the rear won'tbe able to open
the rear doorfrom the inside.You should let adults and
older childien know how these security
locks work, and
how to cancel the locks.
To cancel the rear door lock:
1. Use a key to movethe
lock all theway up.
1. Unlock the door from the inside and open the door
-fromthe outside.
2. Use a key to move the lock all
the way down.
3. Qo ~e same for the other rear door.
The'reaf door locks will now work normally.
Leaving Your Vehicle
2. Close the door.
3. Do.the same thingto the other rear door lock.
The rear doorsof.yourvehicle cannotbe opened from
inside when thisfeature is in use. If you want to open a
rear door whenthe security lock is on:
1. Unlock the door from the inside.
2. Then openthe door from the outside.
If you are leaving the vehicle,
:takeyour keys, open your
door andset the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door.
This device complies withPart 15 of the FCC Rules:
Operation is subjectto the following two conditions:
(1) This devicemay not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device must accept any interference received,
If your Buick has this option, you can lockhlock
and
including interference that may cause undesired
trunk from up to30 feet (9 m)
your doors or unlock your
away using the key chain transmitter supplied with youroperation.
vehicle.
try this:
Should interference to this system occur,
Check to determineif battery replacement is
on battery
necessary. See the instructions
replacement.
Check the distance.You may be too far from your
vehicle. This product hasa.maximumrange.
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal.
0 See your Buick dealer or a qualified technician
for
service.
Changes or modifications to this system
by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Remote Keyless Entry System
(Option)
I
4
Your Remote Keyless Entry System operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
~
Commission
(FCC)
Rules.
I
i
Operation
Battery Replacement
The driver's door will unlock automatically when
UNLOCK is pressed. If UNLOCK is pressed twice
quickly, all doors will unlock.All of the doors will lock
when DOORis pressed. The trunk will unlock anytime
the openedtrunk symbol is pressed if the ignition is
OW. If the ignitionis ON, the trunk will unlock if the
transaxle is in NEUTRAL (N) or PARK (P).
Under normal use,
the batteries in your key chain
transmitter should last about two years.
Matching lkansmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
You can tell the batteries 'are weak if the transmitter
won't work at the normal rangein any location.If you
have toget close to your vehicle beforethe transmitter.
works, it's probably time to change the batteries.
For battery replacement use
two Duracell' batteries,
type DL-2016, or asimilar type.
Each key chain transmitter
is coded to prevent another
1.
If a'transmitter
transmitter from unlocking your vehicle.
is lost or stolen, a replacement can be purchased through
your,dealer. Remember to bring any remaining
2.
transmitters with you when you
go to your dealer. When
the dealer matches
the replacement transmitter to your
vehicle, any remaining transmitters must also be
matched. Oncethe new transmitteris coded, thelost
transmitter will not unlock your vehicle. Each vehicle
can have only two transmitters matchedit.to
See your dealer to match transmitters to another vehicle.
Carefully pry off the cover by inserting a dime
(or similar object)in the slot between the covers
and twisting.
Lift off the front cover, bottom half first.
Trunk
It can be dangerous to drivewith the trunklid
open because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can
come into yourvehicle. You can’t see or smell
CO. It can causeunconsciousness and even death.
If’you must drive
with the trunklid open or if
electrical wiringor other cableconnections must
pass through the sealbetween the body and the
trunk lid:
Make sure allwindows are shut.
l b r n the fan on your heatingor cooling
system to itshighest speed with the setting
on VENT. That will force outsideair into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in the ’
Index.
If you have air outletson of under the
instrument panel, open them all the way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in theIndex.
in as the
3. Remove and replace the batteries. Put them
direction under the batteries indicate.
4. Replace the front cover, then snap the two halves
together. Make sure the coveris on tightly,so water
won’t get in.
5. Check the operationof the transmitter.
L
2-8
Remote Trunk Release
Remote Trunk Release Lockout
2-9
Theft
Parking at Night
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities. Park in a’lightedspot, closeall windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember. to keep your valuables out of sight.
Although your Buick has a number
of theft-deterrent
Put themin a storage area, or take them with
you.
features, we know that nothing we on
putit can make it
impossible to steal. However, there are ways
you cah
Parking Lots
help.
If you parkin a lot where someone will be watching
Key in the Ignition
your vehicle, it’s best to lock
it up and take your keys.
if
But whatif you have.to.leaveyour ignition key? What
If you leave your vehicle
with the key,s inside, it’s
an
you have to leave something valuablein your vehicle?
easy targetfor joy ridersor professional thieves-- so
don’t do it.
Put y m valuables ixi a storagearea, like your trunk
When you park your Buick and open the driver’s door, or glove bax.
you’ll hear a chime reminding
you to remove your key
0 Lock.the glove box.
from the ignition and take
it with you. Alwaysdo this.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
Your steering wheelwill be lacked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to the
lock
doors.
0 Then take the door key with you.
I
\
I
!Passlock
New Vehicle 44{Break-In9’
.Yourvehicle is equipped withthe Passlock
theft-deterrent system.
NOTICE:
Passlock is a passive theft-deterrent system. ;The system
is armed once the keyis removed from the ignition.
Your modern Buick doesn’t need an elaborate
Passlock enablesfuel if the ignitionlock cylinder is
“break-in.” But it will perform betterin the long
If a correct keyis not used,fuel
turned with a valid key.
run if you followthese guidelines:
is disabled.
0 Don’t drive at any one speed
fast or
During normal operation, theTHEFT .SYSTEMlight will
slow for thefirst 500 miles (804 km).
go off after the engineis started. In the unlikely event that
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
the enginestalls and theTHEFT SYSTEM light flashes,
0 Avoid making hard stops for the
first
t y n g to restart
wait until the light stops flashing before
200 miles (322 km) or so. During this time
from the START
the engine. Remember to release the key
your new brake linings aren’tyet broken
position soon as the enginestarts. after several tries
in. Hard stopswith new linings can mean
the vehicle still does not start, the vehicle may need
premature wear and earlier
replacement.
service. Atthis time, you may also want to check the fuses
Follow this breaking-inguideline every
(see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers”in the Index). See your
Buick dealer for service.
time’youget new brake linings.
0 Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.See
If the ‘lh2FT SYSTEM light comes on while the engine
“Towing a Trailer’? in the Index for more
is running, a problem has been detected and the system
information.
may need service.See your dealerfor service.
--
a
s
’
I
f
--
,
In an emergency,call the Buick Roadside Assistance
Program at 1-800-252-1112.
2-11
L
Ignition Positions
,
C
.
LOCK (B):Before you put the keyin, your ignition
will bein the LOCK position.This position locks your
ignition, steering wheel and transaxle. It’s
a
theft-deterrent feature.
OFF (C): This position lets youturn off the engine but
still turnthe steering wheel.It doesn’t lock the steering.
OFF if you must have your car
wheel like LOCK. Use
in motion whilethe engine isoff.
RUN (D): This is the positionfor driving.
START (E): This key position starts your engine.
NOTICE:
With the key in the igniti‘on switch, you turn
can the
switch tofive different positions:
ACCESSORY (A): TKS position lets- you use things
like the radio and the winashield wipers
when the
engine is off. To use this position, pushin the keyand
turn it toward you.Your steering wheel will remain
locked, just as it was before you inserted the key.
If your key seemsstuck in LOCK and
you can’t
turn it, be sure itis all theway in. If it is, then
turn thesteering wheel left and right while you
turn thekey hard. Butturn the key onlywith
your hand.Using a tool to force it,couldbreak
the key or theignition.switch. If none of this,
works, then yourvehicle needs service.
Starting Your Engine
Starting Your 2.4 Liter Engine
Engines start differently.
The 8th digit of your Vehicle
Identification Number (VIN) shows the
code letter or
number for your engine.You will findthe VIN at
the top left of your instrument panel. (See “Vehicle
Identification Number”in the Index.) Followthe proper
steps to start the engine.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal,turn your
ignition key toST2WT. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down
as your
engine gets warm.
I NOTICE:
Move your .shiftlever to PARK (P) orNEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t startin any other position-- that’s a
safety feature.To restart when you’re already moving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only. ’
j
I NOTICE:
I
Don’t try to shift toPARK (P) if your Buick is
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift toPARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
I
L
Holding your key in START for longerthan
15 seconds at a time will cause yourbattery tobe
drained much sooner. And the excessive heat can
damage your startermotor.
2. If it doesn’t start right away, and
if the weather is
very cold (below-20°F or -29”C), push the
accelerator pedal about one-quarter
of the way down
while you turnthe key to START. Do this until the
engine starts.As soon asit does, let goof the key.
2-13
-.
start (or starts but then.
3. If your engine still won’t
stops), it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
Try pushing your accelerator pedalall the way to the
in
floor and holding it there as you hold the key
S.TAl?T for about three seconds.This clears the extra
gasoline fromthe engine. If the vehicle starts briefly
‘butthen stops again, do the same thing,this
buttime
keep the pedal about one-quarterof the way down
for five or six seconds.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designedto work with the
electronics in your vehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change the,way
the engine operates. Before ‘adding- electrical
equipment,check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not performproperly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual that tells
how to do it
wit,hout damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle”in theIndex.
,
L
..
Starting Your 3.1 Liter Engine
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal,turn your
ignition key toSTART. When the engine starts,let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine getswarm.
NOTICE:
Holding. yourkey in START for longerthan
15 seconds at .atime will cause yourbattery tobe
drained much sooner. Andthe excessive heat can
damage your starter
motor.
2. If your engine won’tstart (or starts but then stops),
Try
it could be flooded with too much gasoline.
pushing your accelerator pedal
all the way to the
floor and holding
it there as you holdthe key in
START for up’to 15 seconds. This clears the extra
gasoline from the engine.
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your
vehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change theway
the engine operates.Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your enginemight not performproperly.
If you ever have to have your vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual that
tells how to doit
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle”in theIndex.
Engine Coolant Heater (Option)
2.4L Engine
2-16
3.1L Engine
In very cold weather,0OF (- 18 C) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help.
You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
of
the coolant heater should be pluggedminimum
in a
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To use the coolant heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into anormal; grounded 110-voltAC outlet.
O
Plugging the cord into an.wigrounded
out1e.t
could cause an'electricalshock. Also, the wrong
kind,of extension cord could overheat andcause
a fire. You could-be seriously injured. Plug the '
cord intoa properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outiet. If the cordwon't reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prongextension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
1
!
I
yy3
-
4. After you've used the coolant heater, be sure to store
the1cord asit was before to .keep
it away from
. I f you don't, it could be
moving engine parts..
damaged.
How long should you keep the coalant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on
the outside temperature, the
of
kind of oil you,have, and some other things. Ins$ead
trying to list everything here, we ask that
you contact
your Buick dealer in the area where you'll be parking
' your vehicle. .The dealer can
give you the best advice for
that particularare@.
PARK (P): This,locks your front wheels. It’s,the best
PARK (P) range before
Ensure the shift lever is fully in
position to use when youstart your engine because your starting the engine.Your Buick’has a,brake-transaxle
. ’ .
vehicle‘can’tmqvb easily.
! &ift interlock. You, have to
fully apply your regular
brakes tiefore you can shift from PARK (P) when the
*’
ignition key is in the RUN position..If you cannot shift
out-ofPARK (P), ease pressureon the shift lever,-- push
CAUTION:
the..shift leverall the way into PARK (P) qnd also
release theshift lever button on floor shift console
It is dangerous toget out of your vehicle if the
models -- as you maintain brake application. Then move
shift,lever is not fully ,in.PARK(P) with the
the shift lever into the gear
you wish. (Press theshift
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
lever button before moving the shift leverfloor
on shift ’
console models.) See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in this
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
section.
running unless you have to. If you have left the
engine running, the vehicle can move suddenly.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
,
You or otherscould be injured. To be sure your
vehicle won’t,, move, even
when you’re .onfairly,~.
NOTICE:
level giound, always set your parking brake and
move the shiftlever to PARK (P).
Shifting toREVERSE (R) while your vehicle is
See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in’the Index. If
moving forward’could damage your transaxle.
you’re pulling a trailer, see “Towinga Ikailer” in
Shift toREVERSE (R),.onlyafter your vehicle is
the index.^
stopped.
.
.
a
I
.
i
. .
’\
.
.
..
. .
To rock your vehicle back and
forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see “Jf .
You’re Stuck:In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
,
1
.
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. you can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can help control your speed
as you go down steep’
also want to use
mountain roads, but then you would
off on.
and
.your
brakes
NOTICE:
,
Don’t drive in-SECOND(2) for more than 25 miles.
(41 km), or a t speeds over55 mph ( 8 8 kmlh), or
you can damage your transaxle. Use THIRD (3) or
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE ;(@)‘amuch
s as
possible.
Don’t shift intoSECOND (2) unless you are going
slower than 65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage yourengine.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fue1,economy) than SECOND
(2). You can
in deep snow or mud.
If the
use it on very steep hills, or
shift leveris put inFIRST (l),the transaxle won’t shift
into.first gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
NOTICE:
If your front wheels can’trotate, don’t try to
drive.,This might happen if you were stuck in
very deep sandor mud or were up against a solid
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle,there with ‘onlythe accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damdge the
transaxle. Use your brakes tohold your vehicle in
position on a hill.
To release the parking
brake, holdthe regular
brake pedal down. Pull the
BRAKE.RELEASE lever.
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake,
hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot.
Push downthe parking
brake pedal with your left
foot. If the ignitionis on,
the brake system warning
light will come on.
The parking brake uses
.the brakes onthe rear wheels.
I
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat.You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and are parking on any hill,
see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to dofirst to keepthe trailer from moving.
2-21
I
‘ I
I
1‘
A CAUTION:
r
0
Pull the lever toward you.
I
I
2. Move the shift lever intoPARK (P) position like
this: Hold in the button on the lever, and push the
of your vehicle.
lever all the way toward the front
Move the lever up asfar as it will go.
3. Move the key in the ignitionto LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take
it with you. If you can
in your hand, your
leave your vehicle with the key
vehicle is in PARK (P).
Console Shift Lever
3. Move the keyin the ignition to LOCK.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right
foot and
set the parking brake.
4. Remove the key and take
it with you. If you can
'
leave yourvehicle with the key in your hand, your
vehicle isin PARK (P).
9
2-23
I
Leaving Your Vehicle With the Engine
Running .
Torque Lock
If you are parking on ahill and you. don’t shift your
transaxle intoPARK (P) properly,the weight of the
vehicle may put too much
force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle.You may find it difficult to pullthe shift
lever outof PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”To
the parking brake and then shift
It can be dangerous to leave your vehicle with the prevent torque lock, set
into
PARK
(P)
properly
before you leave the driver’s
engine running.’
Your vehicle could move
seat. To find outhow, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
is not fully ,in
PARK (P)
suddenly if the shift lever
the Index.
with the parking brake firmly set. And,you
if
the lever outof
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could When you are ready to drive, move shift
PARK (P) before you releasethe parking brake.
overheat and even catch. fire.
You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
If torque lock does occur,
you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take ofsome
’the
engine running unlessyou have to.
so you can pull the shift
pressure from the transaxle,
(P).
lever out of PARK
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle
is PARK (P)and your
parking brakeis firrnly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into
the PARK (P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see
if y0.u can move the shift
lever away from PARK(P)
without first pulling it toward you (or, if you have the
console shift lever, without
first pushing the button).
If you can, it means that the shift lever wasn’t fully
locked intoPARK (P).
I
I
I
. i n
2-24 .~
Shifting Out of PARK(P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Your Buick has a brake-transaxle shift interlock.
You
have to fullyapply your regular brakesbefore you can
shift from PARK (P) when the ignition isin the R h
position. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
If you cannot shift .out
of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever-- push the shift lever all the wayinto
PARK (P) and also releasethe shift lever button on floor
shift models as you maintain brake application. Then
move the shiftlever into thege,w you want.(Press the
shift lever button before moving
the shift lever.)If you
ever hold the brake pedal down still
but can’t shift outof
PARK (P), try this:
the OFF position, not toLOCK.
1. Turn the key to
2. Apply and hold the regular brake until the of
end
Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
gear
4. Start the vehicle and then shift to the driveyou
want.
as you can.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under your vehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass
or other things that
can burn.
3 3L
Engine Exhaust
I
/h CAUTION:
Engine exhaust cankill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO),which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
Your exhaust system sounds strange or
different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points onthe road or over road debris.
6 Repairs weren’t -donecorrectly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaust is coming into your
vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out anyCO; and
Have ‘yourvehicle fiied immediately.
2-26
Running Your Engine WhileYou’re
Parked
It’s better not to park with the enginerunning. But if you
ever haveto, here are somethings to know.
A CAUTION:
Idling theengine with the airsystem control off
could allowaangerous exhaust into your
vehicle
(see the earlier Caution under
“Engine
Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can letdeadly
carbon monoxide (CO)into your vehiheeven if
the fanswitch is at the highest setting. One place
this can happenis a garage. Exhaust with
CO can come in easily.’NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
(See “Blizzard” in the Index.)
--
--
Windows
It can be dangerous to get out
of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully inPARK (P) with the
parking brake firmly
set. Your vehiclecan roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine is
running unless you have :to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or otherscould be injured. To be,sure your
vehicle won’t move, evenwhen you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift leverto PARK (P).
On a vehicle with manual windows, the
usewindow
crank locatedon the insideof each doorto open and
close the window.
Power Windows (Option)
Switches onthe driver’s
door armrest control each
of
the windows when the
ignition is on. In addition,
each passenger door has a
switch for its own window.
Follow the proper stepsto be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parkingon a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, alsosee “Towing a Trailer”in the Index.
an auto-down feature.
The driver’s window switch has
This switch is labeled AUTO. Quickly press and release
the AUTO switch andthe driver’s window will open a
for more than a
small amount.If the switch is pressed
few seconds, the windowwill.go all the way down.
2-27
I'
.
.
To stop a powerwindow while it is lowering, press the
Tilt Wheel
"
front of the switch..To raise the window, press and hold
the front of the switch.
3
On four-door models, the driver's window controls also
include a lock-out switch. Press
LOCK to stop front and
rear passengers from using their window switches.
The
driver can still control all the windows with
the lock on.
Press the other sideof the LOCK button for normal
window operation.
'
Horn
To sound the horn, press. anywhere
on the centerof the
steering wheel.
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive.
You can also raiseit to the highest level to give your
legs more room when you exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level,
then release the lever to lock the wheel
in place.
2-28
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
lhrn and Lane Change Signals
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
you
downward (forleft) positions. These positions allow
to signal a turn
or a’lanechange.
To signal a turn, move
the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn isfinished, the lever will return
automatically.
A green arrow onthe
instrument panel will flash
in the directionof the turn
or lane change.
The lever on the leftside of the steering column
includes your:
0
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0
Headlamp Highbow Beam
0
Flash-To-Pass Feature
0
0
Cruise Control (Option)
Windshield Washer
0
Windshield Wipers
F
2-29
r-
1
To signal a lane changk,just raise or lower the lever .
u t i the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever
will return by
itself when you release it.
As you signal a turn.or a lane change,if the arrows flash
at twice the normal rate,
a signal bulbmay be burned
out.
If a bulb is burned out, replace to
it help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit
Breakers” in the Index) and for burned-out-bulbs.
- n r nSignai On Chime
A chime will sound if your lw-n signal is left on after
you to turn your
having gone3/4 of a mile, to remind
signal off.
2-30
Headlamp High/Low Beam
To change the headlamps
from low beamto high or
turn
high to low, pull the
signal lever all the
way
toward you. Then release it.
When the high beams are
on, this blue light on the
instrument panelalso will
be on.
On vehicles equipped with Daytime Running Lights
(DIU), the’ light on
the instrument panelmay flash if the
DRL systemis experiencing a problem orif a headlamp
is malfunctioning.
b
Low Speed Delay Wipers
I'
.,
Windshield Washer
You can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wipes. This can be very useful
in light rain or
the amount of delay.
snow. Turn the band to choose
Rem'ember that damaged wiper bladesLmay prevent you
from seeing well enoughin a storm to drive safely.
To
avoid damage, be sure to clear
ice and snow from the
If they're frozen to the
wiper blades before using them.
If your
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them.
blades become damaged;get new blades or blade
inserts.
,/
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers.
A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow orice to preventan overload.
I
The topof the wiper lever has the word PUSH onToit.
spray washer fluid on the windshield, press this portion
of the lever towards the instrument panel.
2-32
Cruise Control (Option)
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
With the low speed delay wipers,
the wipers will clear
the window and then
either stop or return toyoiupreset
speed.
Driving without washer fluidcan be dangerous.A bad
mud splashcap block your vision. You could hit another
level
vehicle or gooff the road. Check your washer fluid
often.
With cruise control, youcan maintain a speedof about
25 mph (40 h/h)
or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise control does not workspee.ds
at
below about
25 mph (40 lun/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control shuts
Off.
2-33
A CAUTION:
,
Cruise control canbe dangerous where you
chn’t drive safely at a steady speed. So,
don’t use your cruise controlon winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control canbe dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause
needless wheel
spinning, and you could lose control. Don’t
use cruise controlon slippery roads.
Setting Cruise Control
I A CAUTION:
If you leave yourcruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise, you might hita button
and go into cruise when you don’twant to. You
could bestartled andeven lose control. Keepthe
cruise cgntrol switch OFF until you want to use it.
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
2-34
.
/
I
i
your going about25 mph (40 km/h) or more,you can
ON to R/A for
move the cruise control switch from
about half a second. You’ll go right back up to your
chosen;speed and stay there.
3. Push theSET button atthe end of the lever and
release it. The CRUISE light on your instnunent
panel will come on.
4. Take your footoff the accelerator pedal.
,
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake.
This, of course, shutsoff
the cruise control. But
you don’t need toreset it.,Once
Remember, if you hold the switch at R/A longer thm’a
half second,the vehicle will keepgoing faster until you
release the switch or applythe brake. You could be .
startled andeven lose control. So unless you wantto go
faster, don”thold the switch at
R/A.
2-35
Increasing. Soeed While Using Cruise Control
1
Reducing h e e d While Using Cruise Control
reauce your speed while using
‘mere are two waysto go to a higher speed. Here’s the Thkre are two ways to
.-/
control.
cruise
first:
Push.in the buttofi,at the end
of the lever untilyou
1. Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
it.
reach the lower speed you want, then release
2. Push the SET button at the end
of the lever, then
To slow down in very small amounts, push the
release the button and
the accelerator pedal. You’ll
-buttonfor less than a half a second. Each time you
’ now cruise at the higher speed.
do this, you’ll go1 mph (1.6 km/h)slower.
Here’sthesecond,waytogo to ahigherspeed:
-Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Move the cruise switchfrom ON to R/A. Hold it
there until youget up tothe speed you want, and
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
then release,the switch.
you take your footoff the pedal,your vehicle will slow
To increase your speedin very small amounts, move down to the cruise speed you set earlier.
the’switchto R/A for less than a.half a second and
then release it. Each time you do this, your vehicle
will go about1 mph (1.6 km/h) faster.
’
2-36
Using Cruise Control on Hills
Lamps
How well yourcruise control will workon hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness
of the hills.
When going upsteep hills, you may have to stepon the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
Of course, applying the brake
to keep your speed down.
takes you outof cruise control. Many driversfiid this to
be too much trouble and don't use cruise control on
steep hills.
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways toturn off the cruise control:
.@ Step lightly on the brake pedal,OR
Move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Speed Memory
When youturn off the cruise control or the ignition,
your cruise control set speed memory is erased.
The headlamp switchis located on the left side
of the
instrument panel.
0
Turn the knob clockwise to the middlePARK
position toturn on the parking lamps, taillamps,
license plate lamp and the instrument panel lighting.
The headlamps will remainoff.
Turn the knob to LIGHTS.toturn on your headlamps.'
0
T m the knob counterclockwise to turn the lamps off.
2-37
Headlamps On Reminder
If the headlamp switchis left on, you’ll hear a chime
when youturn the ignitionoff and open the driver’s,
door.
When the DRL are on, only your high
and low-be&
headlamps will be on. The taillamps, sidemarker and
other lamps won’t be on.
Your instrument panel won’t
be lit up either.
,
When it’s dark enough outside, your low-beam
Daytime Running Lamps (Canada Only)
headlamps will comeon at full brightness. The other
lamps that come on with your headlamps will also come
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can makeeasier-for
it
of the instrument panel
turns
on. A light sensor on. top
others to see the front
of your.vehicleduring the day.
the
headlamps
on
and
turns
the
DRL
system
off
at
dusk.
D l U can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, ,but they can be especially helpful in the Be sure the light sensor isn’t covered. When it’s bright
enough outside, the regular lamps will change to the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
reduced brightnessof the DRL.
The high and low-beam headlamps will come on at
To idle your vehicle with
the DRL off, put the vehicle
in
reduced brightness in daylight when:
PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while the ignition isin to
The ignition is on,
OFF or LOCK position. Then start the vehicle.
The
DRL will stayoff until you shift outof PARK (P) or
The headlamp switch is off,
NEUTRAL (N).
The transaxle is not in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)
As with any vehicle, you should
turn on the regular
and
it.
headlamp system when you need
The light sensor sees daytime light.
1nter.iorLamps
Courtesy Lamps
Instrument Panel Intensity
When any door is opened, several lamps go on. They
make it easy for you toenter.andleave the car. You can
also turn these lamps on
by rotating the interior lamp
control toM A X . .
The interior courtesy lamps
can be turnedon by rotating
the control locatedon the
instrument panelio HI.
The rear compartment lampis activated when the deck
lid is opened.
Interior 'LampDelay
The instrument panel brightness can be adjusted
between LO and HI by rotating the control also.
When you lift the outside handleof either front door or
open eitherrear door, the larnps inside your vehicle will
go on. These lamps willfade out shortly after the
If
ignition is turned,on and all doors have been closed.
off, the lamps willfade
the ignition was recently turned
also go on
out after four seconds. These lamps will
button on the
when you press the DOOR UNLOCK
or
optional Remote Keyless Entry transmitter.
If the ignition has been
off for less than two minutes,
the lamps inside your vehicle will stay
on for about
15 seconds.afieryour key is removed to provide
an
illuminated exit. When the interior lamps go out they
will fade out like a movie theatre.
2-39
Front Reading Lamps (Option)
The front seat reading lamps are turned
on by pressing
Press the switch again to
the switch next to the lamp.
off.
lamp
turn
the
/
If your vehicle is equipped with a sunroof,
it will have
built-in reading lamps on the rearview mirror. The
lamps go on when you open
the doors. When the doors
are closed, turn the lamps on off
andwith the switch.
The rear seat reading lamps are turned
on by pressing
the switch next to the lamp above the rear doors. Press
off.
the switch again to turn the lamp
. .
Battery.-Saver
.
r
.
.Mirrors
,
mirror allows 'you to change the.
*w
battery. This sy.stemdoesnotprqtectagaifrs't
leaving
.on
from
the
lights
behind
you.
.
,
the headlamps.
,
i
,Toreactivate the interiorlampa,. either:...
The ignition mbstbe turned $n,
'
,
'
to \avoid glare
-.
'.
,
.,
..
be turned off then
The activatedlamp switch must
on, or
a. A front door must be opened.
I
The battery saver feature
wik also be activated when
any dooris left open:
i
If your vehicle is left with the ignition bff for over
,
24 days: the battery power to the clock, audio system ':
and Remote Keyless Entry System '(if you have this
op$ion),,will
turn off to reduce.battery drain. When
the.ignition is turned on again, battery power.will be
resupplied. Under these conditionsit will be necessary, '
to reset clock .and
audid system settings.
~
.. .
~
~.
"
~,
'
:~,,
~
..
I
2-41
Power Remote Control Mirror
Outside Mirrors
To adjust the left outside
mirror, rotate theknob:
located on the driver’s
door.
The right outside mirror must be adjusted manually.
Adjust each mirrorso you can just see the side of .your
car and the area behind your car.
If you havethe optional
power mirror, the control is
located on the driver’s door.
(L) or right (R) to choose
Rotate the control to the left
in
the mirroryou want to adjust. Then move the control
the directionyou want to move the mirror..Adjust each
mirror so you canjust see the sideof your car and the
Turn the knob to the center to
turn
area behind your car.
the remote control mirror
off.
Convex Outside Mirror
Storage Compartments
Your passenger’s side mirroris convex. A convex
mirror’s surfaceis curved so.youcan see‘morefrom the
driver’s seat, .
Center Console Storage Area (Option)
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther, away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane,
you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
The armrest opensinto a storage areafor cassette tapes,
gloves, etc.To open it, lift up on the drive& side front
portion of the armrest. A tissue holder
is located under
the lid of the armrest.
There is also an auxiliary.-poweroutlet locatedin the
center console storage area.
To use the auxiliary power
outlet, see “Auxiliary PowerOutlet’’ later in this section.
2-43
Console
Center
Cupholder
Convenience
(Option)
Net
The console provides spacefor holding a cup or soft
drink. To access the cupholder, pull the lid forward.
Rear Seat Cupholder
The console provides space
for holding a cupor soft
drink for the rear passengers as well.
To access the
cupholder, pull the lid downward.
Your vehicle may havea convenience net. You’llsee it
just inside the back wall
of the trunk. Putsmall loads,
like grocery bags, behind the net. It can help keep them
turns or quick starts and
from falling over during sharp
stops. The net isn’t
for larger, heavier loads. Store them
in the trunk as far forward as you You
can. can unhook
the netso that it will lie flat when you’re not using it.
.
i
Ashtrays and.
.
.
,
Sun Visors
Lighter
The front ashtray is located in the front of the center
console. Lift.up the cover to rkveal the ashtray.
.
,
The rear ashtray can be opened by rotating it in either
directionLTO remove the ashtray, push
down on the snuffer.
I
I
NOTICE:
. .
DonV put papersor othir,flq?nmablethings into your
ashtrays. Hot cigarettes or others smoking materials
cquldignite them,causingadamagingfire.
.
,
,
The cigarette lighteris near the ashtray. To use &e
..
cigarette-lighter,push it in all the way andlet go. When
it's ready, it will pop back by itself.
'
I I NOTICE:
I
If you hold a cigarette lighterin with your hand
while it bheathg, it won't be able to backaway
from the heating element
when it's ready. That
can make it overheat, damaging the lighter and
the
element.
, '
heating
I
2-45
I
!
~
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'
k
Instrument Panel
I
Your instrument panelis designed to let you know aat
glance how your car
is running. You’ll know how fast
you’re goipg, how much fuel you’re using and many
other things you’ll need
to know to drive safely and
economically.
Standard Cluster
2-47
. ..
Optional Cluster
2-48
Speedometer and Odometer
Tachometer (Option)
Your speedometer lets you see your speed
in both miles
(km/h). Your
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour
odometer shows howfar your vehicle has been driven,
in either miles (usedin the United States) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
If you can
Your Buick has a tamper-resistant odometer.
see very noticeable bright silver lines between the
numbers, someone has probably tried turn
to it back.
The numbers may not be true.
You may wonder what happensif a car has to have a new
odometer installed.If possible, thehew one has tobe set to
the same reading the old one had.
If it can’tbe, then it’s
set at zero, buta label on the driver’s door must show the
old reading and when the new one was installed.
The tachometer tells you
I
how fast the engineis
Trip Odometer
A trip odometer can tell you
how many miles you have
driven sinceyou last set it to
zero. To reset it, push the
button.
running. It displays engine
speed in hundreds of
revolutions per minute
(rpm).
I NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area, or engine damage may occur.
/
2-49
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators Safety Belt Reminder Light
RUN or START, a chime will
This part describes the warning lights and gages that may When the key is turned to
be on your vehicle.The pictures will help you locate them. come on for about eight seconds to remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver’s safetyis belt
Warning lights and gages can signal‘ that something is already buckled.
wrong beforeit becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repairor replacement. Paying attention tq
The safety belt lightwill
also save you or
your warning lights and gages could
also.come onk d stay on
others from injury.
for about 20 seconds, then
it
will flashfor about
Warning lights come on when there may be or ais
55 seconds. If the driver’s
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you will
belt,is already buckled,
see in the details on the next few’ pages, some warning .
neither the chime. nor the
lights come on briefly when you
start the engine just to let
light will come on.
you know they’re working.If you are familiar withthis
section, you should not bealarmed when this happens.
I
,
Gages can indicate when there may be isora problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
w w i n g lights work togetherto let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
of the gages shows
when you are driving, or when one
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please follow this manual’s advice:
-- .and even
Waiting to do repairs can be costly
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a big help.
2-50
i
\
Air Bag Readiness Light
There isan air bag readinesslight on the instrument.
pailel, which showsAIR BAG. The system checks the
. air bag’s electrical systemfor malfunctions. The light
tells youif there is an electrical problem.The system
check includes theair.bag sensor,the air bag modules,
the wiring andthe crash sensing and diagnostic module.
For more information onthe air bag system,see “Air
Bag” in the Index.
AIR
BAG
Battery Light
When youturn the keyto
.RUN, this light will come
on briefly, to show that your
alternator and battery
charging systems are
working.
You will see this lightflash
for a few seconds when you
turn your ignitionto RUN
If the light stayson, you need service, and should take
or START. Then thelight
your Buick tothe dealer at once.To save your battery
should go out. This means
until you get there,turn off all accessories, and set your
the system is ready.
OFF.
climate control system to
If the air bag readiness light doesn’t come
on when you
start your .vehicle,
or stays on, or comes on when you
are driving, yourair bag system may not work properly.
Have your vehicle serviced right away.
2-51
,
Brake System Warning Light
Your Buick’s hydraulic brake system is divided into two
parts. If one part isn’t working, the other part can still
For good braking, though, you need
work and stop you.
both parts working well. ,
the warning light comeson, there could be a brake
problem. Have your brake system inspected right away.
BRAKE
This light should come on
briefly when youturn the
ignition key toRUN. If it
doesn’t come on then, have
it fixed so it will be ready to
warn you if there’s a
problem.
If ‘the light comes
on while you are driving, pull
off the
road and stop carefully.
You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push.Or, the pedalmay go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop.
If the light isstill on, have the
vehicle towedfor service. (See “TowingYour Vehicle”
in the Index.)
2-52
I
4 CAUTION:
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light on can’ lead
to an accident. If the light
is still on after you’ve
pulled off the road and stopped carefully, have
the vehicle towed for service.
1.
When the ignition ison, the brake system warning
light
The
will also come on when you set your parking brake.
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when youstart your
engine and it will stayon
for three seconds. That’s
normal.
If the light stayson, turn the ignition off. Or, if the light
comes on when y,ou’re driving,stop as soonas possible
and turn the ignition off. Then start the engine again to
reset the system. If the light still stays on, or comes on
again while you’re driving, your Buick needs service.
If
the regular brake system warning
light isn’t on, you still
have brakes, but you don’t have anti-lock brakes.
If the
regular brake system warning
light is also on, you don’t
have anti-lock brakes and there’s a problem with your
regular brakes. See “Brake System Warning Light”
earlier in this part.
Enhanced Traction System Warning Light
(Option)
With the Enhanced Traction
System (ETS), this warning
light should comeon briefly
as you start the engine. If
the warning light doesn’t
come on then, haveit fixed
so it will be ready to warn
you if there’s a problem.
1
ETS
OFF
If it stays on, or comes
on when you’re driving, there
may be a problem with your Enhanced Traction System
and your vehicle may need service. When this warning
light is on, the system will notlimit wheel spin. Adjust
your driving accordingly.
The anti-lock brake system warning
light should come
on briefly when youturn the ignition key toRUN. If the
light doesn’t comeon then, haveit fixed so it will be
ready to warn youif there is a problem.
2-53
The Enhanced Traction System warhing light may come Engine
on for the following reasons:
Coolant Temperature Gage
This gage shows the engine
If you turn the system off by moving the shift lever to
coolant temperature.If the
a position .other than
THIRD (3) or OVERDFWE (0);
the warning light will come on and
stay on. To turn the
shift lever back to the
system back on, move. the
THIRD (3) or OVERDRIVE (@)position again. The
warning light shouldgo off. (See “Enhanced Traction
System” in the Indexfor more information.)
The warninglight will comeon when you set your
parking brake withthe engine ru-g,
and it will
I
stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release fully.
If the.transaxleshift leveris in the THIRD (3) or
That reading means the same thing
as the warning light.
. OVERDRIVE (a)position and the Warning light
It means that your engine coolant has overheated.
If you
is fully released,it
stays on after your parking brake
have been operating your vehicle under normal
drivingmeans there’s a problem with
the system.
off the road, stop your
conditions, you should pull
If the Enhanced Traction System warning light comes vehicle andturn off the engine as soon as possible.
on and stayson for an extended periodof time
The chapter “Problems
on the Road,”in this manual
when the transaxle shift lever in
is the THIRD(3) or
explains what to do;
Also see “Engine Overheating”in
OVERDRIVE (0)position andthe parking brakeis
the Index.
fully released, your vehicle needs service.
1
Low Coolant Warning Light
LOW
COOLANT
If this ‘lightcomes on and
stays on, the vehicle should
promptly be pulledORthe
road and the coolant level
checked. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index.
If there are visible signsof steam, see “Engine
Overheating” inthe Index before opening the hood.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Check Engine Light).
CHECK
ENGINE
Your Buick is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation ,of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
This system is called OBD11(On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels
for the
life of the vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner
environment. (In Canada,
OBD IT is replaced by
Enhanced Diagnostics.)The CHECK ENGINElight
comes on to indicate that there aisproblem and service
is required. Malfunctions often will be indicated
by the
system before any problem is apparent, which may
prevent more serious damageto your vehicle. This
system is also designedto assist your service technician
in correctly diagnosingany mdfunction.
2-55
\
~~
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may notasbe
good and your engine may not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to showityou
is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine
is not
on, have it repaired.
running. If the light doesn’t come
This light will also come
on during a malfunctionin one
of two ways:
0
0
If the LightIs Flashing
The followingmay prevent.more serious damage to
your vehicle:
0 Reduce vehicle speed.
0
Avoid hard accelerations.
0
Avoid steep uphill grades.
If towing a trailer, reduce the amount
of cargo being
hauled as soon as it is possible.
If the light stops flashing
and~remainson steady, see“If
the LightIs .On Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash, when
it is safe to doso,
stop the vehicle. Put your vehicle inPARK (P). Turn the
key off, wait at least10 seconds and restart the engine.
If the light remainson steady,see “If the LightIs On
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
Steady” following.If the lightis still flashing follow the
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions ,and previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your dealer or
may damage the emission
control-systemon your
qualified service center
for service.
vehicle. Dealer ‘or qualified service center diagnosis
and serviceis required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction .has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
Engine Oil Pressure Light
This 1ight.tellsyou if.there
could be a problem with
your engine oil pressure.
But, when thiscomes on .andstays on,’itmeans oil isn’t
You could be low
going through your engine properly.
oil problem.
on oil,or you might have some other
I
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could be burned.
Check your oil as soon ‘aspossible and have your
vehicle serviced.
This light can come on briefly, which
is normal and
doesn’t showa problem:
a As a bulb check, the light comes on when you turn
your key toRUN and goes off when the engine is
it fixed .so it will
started. If iit doesn’t, be sure to have
be there towarn you.
0
For the four cylinder engine, when idlinga at
stop
off. In addition,
sign, the lightmay blink on and then
if you makea hard stop,the light may come on’fora
moment.
c
2-58
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems canbe costly and is not covered by your
warranty.
Passlock Warning Light
Check Oil Light
CHECK
OIL
This light should comeon
briefly while you are
starting your engine.If the
light doesn’t comeon, have
it repaired. If the light
comes on and stays on after
starting your vehicle, your
engine oil level should be
checked.
Prior to checking the
oil level, be sure your vehicle has
been shutoff for several minutes andis on a level
surface. Check theoil level on your dipstick’andbring it
to the proper level. See “Engine Oil”
in the Index.
NOTE: Afalse CHECK OIL light may be generated
when parking onsteep grades.
The oil level monitoring system only checks
oil level
during the brief period between keyon and engine start.
It does not monitorthe engine oil level when the engine
is running. Additionally, anoil level check is only
off for a
performed if the engine has been turned
considerable periodof time allowingthe oil normally in
circulation to drain back into
the pan.
TH,EFT
SYSTEM
This light will comeon
briefly when youturn the
key towards theSTART
position. The light will stay
on until the vehicle starts.
If the light flashes,the Passlock System has entered a
see “Passlock”
tamper mode.If the vehicle fails to start,
in the Index.
If the light comes on continuously while driving and
stays on, there may be a problem with the Passlock
System. Your vehicle will not be protected
by Passlock,
and you shouldsee your dealer.
2-59
Cruise Light
Fu.el Gage
The CRUISE light comes
on whenever you set your
cruise control.
Your fuel gage shows how
much ‘fuelis in your tank. It
works only when the engine
is on. When the indicator
nears EMPTY(E), you still
have alittle fuel left.You
need to get more right away.
GRUISE
Check Gages Light
This light will come on
briefly when youare
starting the engine.
CHECK
GAGES
Here are four concerns some owners have had about
the
fuel gage. All these situationsare normal and indicate
nothing wrong with the fuel gage.
0
At the gas station,the gas pump shutsoff before the
gage readsFWLL (F).
0
It takes more(or less) gas tofill up than the gage
indicated. For example, the gage
may have indicated
half full, but it took more -- or less-- than half of
the tank’s capacity tofill it.
\
m.
1
If the light comeson and stayson while you are driving,
if they arein the
check your various gages to see
waping zones.
2-60
0
The gage may move when you turn a corner, speed
up, or stop your vehicle.
When you turn the engine off, the gage doesn’t
go all .
the way back to EMPTY (E).
NOTES
2-61
2-62
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
I
- -
In this section, you'll find out how to operate the
comfort control and audio systems offered with your
Buick. Be sure to read about the particular systems
supplied with your vehicle.
Climate Control System
Comfort Controls
This part tells you how to make your air system work
.
for
you.
Fresh airfrom outside your vehicle flows through your
Buick whenthe ,car ismoving:When the vehicle is not
moving, you can get outside air
to flow throughby
selectirig any air choice and any
fan speed.
Fan Knob
The left knob selects the forceof air you want.
3-1
Tepperature Knob
The center knob changes
the temperature of the air
c o q h g through the system. Turn
h i s knob toward red
(clockwise) for warmer air.Turn it toward blue
(counterclockwise) for cooler.air.
Mode Knob
The right knob has several settings to control
the
direction of airflow. For each setting, set the temperature
to a comfortable setting. When
the right control knobis
'
turned to OFF,the fan and the heating and cooling
system will be off.
1
fI
.
MAX: This setting provides maximum cooling with the
least amount of work. MAX recirculates the air inside
air quickly: Adjustthe
your vehicle, and cools the
temperature control to a cold setting.
NORM: This setting will circulate cooled
fresh air
through the vents.
Heating
When ybu enter a vehicle ~
cold
I
I weather,tun the
fan cmtrol toHIGH for a few moments before
. &vhg -ofE-This
helpsclear the intake. ducts. of
snow
.and
.
moisture, and reduces
. ,the
.
chanceof fogging the
Lksideof your-windows.
,~
..
.
I
.
( I
,
'
'
I
1 Ke,ep.the.air.pathubder the,fkont seats elearof
.
objects. This helps air-to circulate throughqut,
your vehicle.
.
I
Defogging and Defrosting
.
-
..
I
,
I
'
-.
,
''
'
'
I
.
,
.
the hood
O
' nt
air inlet'free Of
Snowo r
': any other. obstruction (such as leaves).The heater
and defroster'will work far bettqr, reducing the
chance of fogging thehside.of your windows. ,
'
Your system has two settings for clearing the windshield.
and side windows.To defrost the windows quickly, use
FRONT with the temperatureh o b all the way in the red
area. To warm passengers while keeping the windows
clean, use BLEND.
To defog the side windows while
using th,e'air
conditioner, set the fight control to BI-LEV ,and the fan
control to the highest setting.Aim the vents toward the
side windows. For increased airflow to the side vents,
close the center vents.'
i
.-..- .T:! I >
T
.
NOTICE:
The lines you see on the.
rear window warm the
,glass.&ess the button to, .
.start warming your d d o w .
1
.
. / ) , . I
.
7'i .
if
. .
~ >- , . .'
,
.
&
-~
-1-
:,. :..
.
.~
1
'. .-.
'
. ,
'
I
.
Scraping'theb i d e of your rear-dndowcould
kut and damage the heater. Your warranty would
not coyer this damage. Don't put decals there;
you might
have
to
scrape
them
off.
'
-&Yessing'the button again
will sbut it off.
I
.
.
:
I
-,
.
, !
?,T
r
.
..
..
. ..
. > ,
,
I
,
udio Systems
your D~'ICO-@ au&b:sy:
#.beendesigned to operate
easily
giyb years of listening pieasure. YOU wfil get
the fiaost enjoyment outof it if you acquaint yburself
with it.first. Find outwhat your Delco system cando,
i.
.
I
AM-FM Stereo
,
RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly recallthe
to
To change
station being played or the clock display..
what is normally shownon the display (station or time),
press the knob until
you see the displayyou want, then ..
hold the knob until
the display flashes.If you press the
knob when the ignitipn
is off, the clock will showfor a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: rPressthe lowerknob to getAM, F M 1 or
FM2.The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob
to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to go to
the next higher or lower station.
The sound willbe
muted while seeking.
SCAN: Press oneof the SEEK arrowsfor two seconds,
and SCAN will appear onthe display. Use SCAN to
listen to stationsfor a few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stopfor a few seconds, ,then
go. on to the next
station. Press oneof the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning.
'
Playing the Radio
turn the system on
VOLUME: Turn the upper knob to
and off. Turn it clockwise to increase volume and
counterclockwise to decrease volume.
I
3-6
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttonslet
you return to yourfavorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six F M l and six FM2).
1. Press AM-FM to select the band.
2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or
SEEK.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increaseor decrease bass.The middle position
is a 'detent.
TREB: Press this button li'ghtly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increaseor decrease treble. The middle position
3. Press and holdone of the six numbered buttons.
is a detent.
4. The sound will mute. Whenit returns, releasethe
in when you're not using them.
button. Whenever you press that numbered button, Push the knobs back
the station you set will return.
Adjusting
theSpeders
,
P SCAN:Press this button to listen to each
of your
BAL: Turn the control behind
the upper knob to move
preset stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to
the sound tothe left or right speakers.The middle
the first preset station, stopfor a few seconds, thengo
position is a detent and balances
the speakers.
P SCAN again to
on to the next preset station. Press
FADE: Turn the control behindthe lower knob to move
stop scanning.The radio will notstop at a presetif the
the sound to the
front or red' speakers. The middle
station is weak.
position is a detent and balances
the speakers.
3-7
I
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape .Player
(Option)
.
,
RECALL: Press; the upper knob briefly
to recall the
station being playedor the clock display.To change
what is normally shownon the display (station or time),
press the knob until you seethe display you want, then
If you pressthe'
hold the knob until the display flashes.
for a
knob when the ignition off,
is the clock will show
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to select
AM, FM1 or
FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Turn this knob to turn the system on and
off. Turn it clockwise to increase the volume. Turn4t
counterclockwise to decrease the volume.
3-8
SEEK: Press the forward or backward arrow to go to
sound will be
the next higher or lower station. The
muted while seeking.
SCAN: Press oneof the SEEK arrows for two seconds
SCAN to
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use
listen to stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stop for a few seconds, then
ongo
to the next
station. Press oneof the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning.
.
.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered @ihbUtttonslei
,
j
-.
. .
Setting ,theTone
BASS: Press this knoblighy so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or_decrease bais. .The middle position
is
a detent.
'
The longer side with the tape visible: shouldface to the.
right. If .the.ignition is on, but the radio is off, the tape
will begin playing. I€ you hear nothing or heiu:,h garblled
sound, the tapemay not be in squarely. Ress,EJECT to^
. .
remove the tape arid s f a over.
,
.
.
..
.
-:
'
I
\
I
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side
of the
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
tape that is playing.
BAL, TREB and BASS
controls just as youdo for the
radio. Other controls may have different functions
when
10 (6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to The display will show either
OFF or ON for a few
show which sideof the tape is playing.
seconds when you pressthe button.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is Dolby’ Noise Reduction is manufactured under a
off, first press EJECTor RECALL. Note that the
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
cassette thpe adapterkits for portable compact disc
of
Dolby and the double-D symbol are trademarks
players may not workin your cassette player. These
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
adapters cancause an error message on the display, and
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape.
The radio
the adapter cassette could be ejected.
will play.
Your tape biasis set automatically.
CLN: This message may appear
on the display.If it
SEEK: Press the forward or backward. arrow to search does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It
for the next or previous selection
on-thetape. Your tape
will still play tapes, but you should clean
it as soon as
must haveat least three seconds
of silence between each possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
See
selection.forSEEK to work.The sound will be muted
“Care of Your Cassette Tape Player”in.the Index. After
while seeking.
you clean the player, press and hold EJECTfive
for
seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
--- to show the indicator was reset.
display
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play whilethe tape reverses.
.
(4): Press this button to advance quickly
to another
part of thetap. Press the button again to return to playing
speed. The radio will play while the tape advances.
3-10
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape Player
and AutomaticTone Control (Option)
RECALL: Press this button briefly recall
to the station
being played orthe clock display.To change whatis
normally shown onthe display (stationor time), press
this button until you see the display you want, then hold
If you press the
the button until the display flashes.
for a
button whenthe ignition isoff, the clock will show
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to select AM,F M 1 or FM2.
The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio
stations.
SEEK: Press the upor down arrows to go to the next
higher or lower station.The sound will be muted while
seeking.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press thisknob to turn the system
on and
off. Turn it clockwise to increasethe volume. Turnit
counterclockwise to decrease the volume.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appear on
the disp1,ay. Use SCAN to
listen to stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to
a station,stop for a few seconds, then
go on to the next
station. Press oneOTthe SEEK buttons againto,stop
scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning.
3-11
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to increaseor decrease bass. The middle position is
a detent.
TREB: Press this knob lightly
so it extends. Turh the
knob to increase or decrease treble. The middle position
is a detent.
Push the knobs back in when you are not using them.
'
TONE: This feature allowsyou to choose preset treble
and bass equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock,jazz,talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appearon-thedisplay whenyou f i s t press
TONE. Each timeyou press it, another setting.will
appear on, the display. Press
it ag& after C,&W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
Also, if you usereturn to the TREB and BASS knobs.
the TREB and BASS knobs, control will returri.to them
and MANUAL will appear.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to movethe sound to the left
or right speakers. The
middle positionis a detent and balances
the speakers.
players may not work
in your cassette player. These
adapters can cause an error message
on the display, and
the adapter cassette could
be ejected.
FADE: Turn the knob to+movethe sound to thefront or
rear speakers.The middle position is a detent and
.
.
balances the speakers.
Push 'the knobs .back
in when youare not uking them.
,PREV (1): Press this button to search
for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silenqe between each selection
for PREV to
work. The sound will be muted while seeking.
Your tape biasis set automatically.
NEXT (2):Press this'button to searchfor the next
Playjng a Cassette Tape
selection on the tape.Your tape must have at least three
for NEXT to
The longer side withthe tape visible should face to the seconds of silence between each selection
work. The sound will be muted while seeking.
right. If the ignition ison, but the radio is off, the tape
will begin playing.If you hear nothingor hear a garbled The SEEK up and down arrows will also find the
sound, the tape may,not in
besquarely. Press EJECT to
previous and next selections on the tape.
remove the tape and start over.
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
While the tape is playing, usethe VOLUME, FADE,
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
BAL, TREB andBASS controls just as you dofor the
play whilethe tape reverses.
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
(4): Press this button to advance quickly to another
a tape is inserted.
The display will show an arrow to
part of the tape. Press the button again to return to
show which sideof the tape is playing.
playing speed.The radio will play while the tape
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition
or radio is
advances.
off, first press EJECTor RECALL. Note that the
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side
of the
cassette tape adapter kits
for portable compactdisc
tape that is playing.
.
3-13
I
10 (6): Press this button to reduce bacltground noise.
,
The double-D symbol will appear on the display.
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player
and Automatic Tone Control (Option)
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
of Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
AM-FM: Press this button to playthe radio whena tape
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this button tochange,tothe tape
function when the radio is on.
TAPE with an arrow will
appear on the display whenthe tape is active.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape.
The radio
will play.
CLN: This message may appear on the display.
If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It
will still.playtapes, but you should clean
it as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
“Care of Your Cassette Tape Player”in the Index.M e r
you cleanthe player, press and hold EJECT
for five
CLN indicator. The radio will
seconds to reset the
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
3-14
See
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knobto turn the system on and
off. Turn it clockwise to increase the volume.
Turn it
counterclockwise to decrease the volume.
RECALL: Press this button brieflyto recall the station
being playedor the dock display. To change what
is
normally shownon the display (station or time), press
the button untilyou see the display you want, then hold
the button untilthe display flashes.If you pressthe
button when the ignition
is off, the clock will showfor a
few seconds.
Findin,ga Statipn
select AM, FM1 or FM2.
AM-FM: Press this button to
The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press theup or down arrows to choose radio
stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrowsIO go to the next
higher or lower station.The sound will be muted while
seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrowsfor two seconds
and SCAN will appear
on the display. UseSCAN to
listen to stationsfor a few seconds. The radio willgo to
a station, stopfor a few seconds, then
go on 'to the next
station. Pressone of the SEEK arrows againto stop
scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttonslet
You can setup to
you return to your favorite stations.
18 stations (sixAM, six FMl and six FM2).
1. Press AM-FM to selectthe band.
2. Find the station you want by using TUNE or SEEK.
3. Press T O W 'to selectthe setting you prefer.
4. Press and holdone of the six numbered buttons.
5 . f i e sound will mute. When
it returns, release the
button. Whenever you press that numbered button,
the stationyou set will return and the TONE you
selected will be automatically selected
for that
button.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each
of your
preset stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to
the first preset station,stop for a few seconds, then go
P SCAN again to stop
on to the next preset station. Press
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop the
at preset station.
3-15
Setting theTone
Adjusting the 'Speakers
BASS: Press this knob lightly
so it extends. Turn the
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn this
left or right speakers. The
knob to increaseor decrease bass.The middle position is knob to move the sound to the
middle positionis a detent and balances the speakers.
a detent.
FADE: Press this knob lightly
so it extends. Turn this
TREB: Press this knob lightly
so it extends. Turn the
knob to move
the'sound to thefront or rear speakers.
knob to increase or decrease treble. The middle position
The middle positionis a detent and balances the
is a detent.
speakers.
Push the knobsback'in when you are not using 'them.
8
1
.
TONE: This feature allowsyou to choose preset treble
Playing a Compact Disc
andbassequalizationsettingsdesigned for classical,
pop,, rock,jazz, talk and cduntry/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you
f i s t press
TONE. Each time you pressit, another setting will
it again after C& W
appear on the display. Press
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return to the TREB &d BASS knobs.Also, if you use
the TREB and BASS knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
Insert a disc partway into the slot, label sideThe
up.
player will pullit in. The disc should begin playing:
If you're drivingon a very rough road or if it's very hot,
the disc may not play and ERR (error) may appear on
the display. Press RECALL to take
ERR'off the display.
When things get back
to normal, the disc should
play. If
the disc comes out,
it could be that:
The disc is upside down.
It is dirty, scratched or wet.
It is very humid. (If so, wait about-anhour and
try again.)
3-16
'I
RECALL: Press this buttonto see which trackis
playing. Press it again withinfive seconds tosee how
long it has been playing. To change what
is normally
shown on the display (trackor elapsed time), press the
button until yousee the display you want, then hold the
button until the display flashes.
,
PREV (1): Press this buttonto go tothe start of the
If
current trackif more thaneight seconds have played.
you holdthe button or press it more than once,the
player will ,continue moving back through
the disc. The
sound will be muted while seeking.
NEXT (2):Press this button to go to the next track. If
you hold the buttonor press it more thanonce, the
player will continue moving forward through
the disc.
The sound will be muted while seeking.
find the
The SEEK down and up arrows will also
previous and next selectionson the disc.
44 (3): Press and holdthis button to return to a passage
quickly. You will hear sound.
bb (4): Press and hold this button to advance to a
passage quickly. Youwill hear sound.
1
RAND,(6): P r e s this button to hear the tracks
in
random, rather than sequential, order.
AM-FM: Press this button to play
the radio when a
disc isin the player.
If you turnoff the ignition or radio with a disc
in the
turn on the
player, it will stay'in the player. When you
ignition or system,the disc will start playing where
it
stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source.
SOURCE: Press this knob to-ch.ange
to the disc
function whenthe radio is on. When adisc is inserted,
the disc will play untilyou press AM-F". Then the disc
will stop playing and theradio will play. Press SOURCE
again to play .a disc again.
CD PLAY will show onthe'
display.
EJECR Press this button to remove the disc.
The radio
will play.
3-17
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape and
Compact Disc Players andA1ltomatic Tone'
Control (Option)
i
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. Turnit clockwise to increase the volume. Turn it
counterclockwise to decreasethe volume.
RECALL: Press thisbuttonbrieflytorecallthestation
being played or the clock display. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
the button until yousee the display you want, then hold
If you press the
the button until the display flashes.
button when the ignition off,
is the clock will showfor
a few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM, FM1 or FM2.
AM-FM: Press this button to select
The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio
stations.
SEEK: Press theup or down arrows togo to the
next higher or lower station. The sound will be muted
while seeking.
SCAN: Press oneof the SEEK arrows for two seconds
SCAN to
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use
go to
listen to stationsfor a few seconds. The radio will
a station, stop fora few secdnds, then go
on to the next
station. Press oneof the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will be muted while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you returnto your favorite stations. YOU can set up to
18 stations (sixAM, six FM1 and sixFM2).
1. Press AM-FM to selectthe band.
Setting'theTone
so it extends. Turn the
BASS: Press this knob lightly
knob to increase or decrease bass.
The middle positionis
a detent.
2. Find the station you want
by using TUNE orSEEK.
TREB: Press this knob lightly
so it extends. Turnthe
knob to increase or decrease treble.
The middle position
is a detent.
3. Press TONEto select the setting you prefer.
4. Press and holdone.of the six numbered buttons.
5. The sound will mute. When it returns, release
the
button. Whenever you press that numbered button,
the station youset will return andthe TONE you
selected will be automatically selected
for that
button.
P SCAN:Press this button to listen
to each of .your
preset stationsfor a few seconds.The radio will go to
the first preset station,stop for a few seconds, then go
P SCAN again to stop
on to the next preset station. Press
the
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception,
radio will not stop
at the preset station.
AUTO PRESET Press this button andthe system will
6 strongest AM
seek andset the 12 strongest FM or the
stations on your preset buttons.To return to the stations
you manually set,. press AUTO PRESET again.
Push the knobs backin when you are not using them.
TONE: This feature allows you to choose preset treble
and bass equalization settings designed
for classical,
pop, rock, jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appearon the display when youfirst press
TONE. Each time you press
it, another setting will
appear on the display. Pressit again after C8z W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
if you use
return to theTREB and BASS knobs. Also,
the TREB and BASS knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
Adjusting theSpeakers
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
left or right speakers. The
knob to move the sound to the
middle positionis a detent and balances
the speakers.
3-19
.
FADE: Press this button lightlyso it extends. Turnthe
or rear speakers.
knob to move the sound to the front
The middle position is a detent and balances the
speakers.
ih when you are not using them.
Push the knobs back
. .
PREV (I): Press this button to search for the previous
Your tape must have at least three
selection on the tape.
seconds of silence between'eachselection for PREV to
work. The sound will be muted while seeking.
NEXT (2):Press this button to search for the next
three
selection on the tape.
Your tape must have at least
Playing a CassetteTape
seconds of silence between each selection for
NEXT to
The longer side with'.the tape visible should face to the work. The sound will be muted while seeking.
off, the tape
right. If the ignitionis on, but the radio is
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
will begin playing. If you hear nothing or hear a garbledprevious and next selections on the tape.
sound the tape may not in
besquarely. Press EJECT to
44 (3):Press this button to reverse
the tape rapidly.
remove the tape and start over.
Press it agak to returnto playing speed. The radio will
While the tapeis playing, use the VOLUME,
FADE,
play while the tape reverses.
BAL, TREB and BASS contxols just as you do for the
(4): Press this button to advance quickly to another
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to part of the tape. Press the button again to return'. to
playing speed. The radio will
play while the tape
show which sideof the tapeis playing.
advances.
If you want to insert a tape when
the.ignition or radio is
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side
of the
off, fiist press EJECT or RECALL. Note that the'
tape that is playing.
cassette tape adapter kits
for portable compact disc
players may not work in your cassette player. These
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape or
adapters can cause an error message on the displ.ay, anddisc functionwhen the radio is on.
If both a tape and a
the adapter cassette could be ejected.
will first go to tape play;
disc are installed, the system
If SOURCE is pressed
TAPE will appear on the display.
Your tape biasi s set automatically.
again, the system will go to disc play; CD will appear on
the display.
.
3-20
,
EJECT The system has,two EJECT buttons. Pressthe
button near the CD
slot to remove a disc. Press
the
button near thetape slot to remove a tape.
‘Theradio
will play.
CLN: This message may appearon the display.If it
does, your cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.
It
will still play tapes, but you should cleanit as soon as
possible to prevent damage to your tapes and player.
See
“Care of Your- Cassette Tape Player’’
thein
Index. After
you clean the player, press and hold EJECT
for five
seconds to reset the CLN indicator.The radio will
display --- to showthe indicator was reset.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noisefrom tapes encoded with Dolby
NR.
You may turn Dolby off by pressingthe number six
preset.
Dolby Noise Reductionis manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc partway into the
slot, label side up. The
player will pullit in. The disc should begin playing.
If you’re drivingon a very rough road or if it’s very
hot,
the disc may not play and an error code may appear on
take the error codeoff the
the display. Press RECALL to
display. When things get back to normal,
the disc should
play. If the disc comesout, it could be that:
0
The disc is upside down.
0
It is dirty, scratched or wet.
0
It is very humid. (Ifso, wait about an hour and
try
again.)
RECALL: Press this button tosee which trackis
playing. Press it again withinfive seconds to see how
long it has been playing.To change whatis normally
shown onthe display (track or elapsed time), press the
button until you see
the display you want, then hold the
button until the displayflashes.’
PREV (1): Press this button to go to the start
of the
If
current track,if more than eight seconds have played.
you hold the button or press
it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc. The
sound will be muted while seeking.
NEXT (2):Press this button to go to the next track.
If
you holdthe button or press it more thanonce, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will be muted while seeking.
3-21
I
'
1
The SEEK down andup arrows will also find the
preyious'and next selections .on the
disc.
Steering Wheel Controls.(Option)
.
.
If your vehicle hasthis feature, you can control certain
t h buttons
~
on your steering wheel.
radio functions using
SEEK: Press theup or down arrow to tune to the next
or previous radio station.~f
a cassette tape .or compact.
will advance to thenext.or
disc is playing, the player
previousselection. .
SCAN:.Pressthis buttonto!listen to stations for
a few
seconds. The radio will go atostation, stop fora few.
SCAN
seconds, then go on to the next station; Press
stop toagain
scmg.
\
AM-FM: Press this button to choose
AM, FM1 or FM2.
If a cassette tape or compact disc
is playing, press this
.
button to stop it and the radio will play.
VOL: Press theup or downarrow to increase or
decrease volume.
SRCE: Press this button to change
to the cassette tape
or compact disc function when the radio
on.is
MUTE: Press this buttonto silence the audio system.
Theft-Deterrent Feature
Your system has this feature
if'it shows THEFTLOCK"
on its face.TkEFTLOCK is designed to discourage
theft of your radio.It works by usinga secret code to
disable all radio functions whenever battery power
is
removed.
When THEFTLOCKis activated, the radiowill display
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your battery loses power for any
reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
The instructions which follow explain
how to enter your
THEFTLOCK system. It is
secret code to activate the
all nine steps
recommended that you read through
before starting the procedure.
NOTE: If you allow more than15 spconds to elapse
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you must start the procedure overStep
at 4.
1. Write down any three-digit number from
000 to 999
and keep.it ina safe place separate from the vehicle.
If THEFTLOCKis active, theTHEFTLOCK indicator
will flashwhen the ignitionis OFF.
2. Turn the ignition to theACCESSORY or RUN
position.
The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used
or
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the 3. Turn the radio off.
radio is not protectedby the feature.If THEFTLOCK is
will not operateif stolen.
activated, your radio
.-
3-23
1
1
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttonstogether.Holdthemdown
Next you will use the
until --- shows on the display.
secret code number which
you have written down.
5. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After
a
Power Loss
Enter your secret code as follows; pause
no more than
15
steps:
between
seconds
I
, -
6. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with' your code.
1. LOC appears when the ignitionis on.
2. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
7. Press H R S to make thefbst one or two digits agree
3. Press MIN again'tomake the last two digits agree
with y o q code.
with your code.
8. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
4. Press H R S to makethe first one or two digits agree
code matches the secret code you have
written
down.
code.
your
with
I
The display will show REP to let you know that you
5. Press AM-FM after you haveconfiied that the
need to repeat Steps5 through 7 to confirm your
c,ode matches the secret code you have written down.
secret code.
The display will showSEC, indicating the radio is
9. Press AM-FM and thist h e the display will show
now operable and secure.
SEC to let you know that your radio
is secure.
If you enter the wrong code eight times, INOP will
appear on the display.You will have to wait an hour
with .the ignition
on before you cantry again. When you
try again, you will only have three chances to enter the
correct code before
INOP appears.
If you. lose or forget your code, contact your dealer.
'
I
I
3-24
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Enter your secret code as follows; pause
no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. Turn the ignition to the
ACCESSORY or RUN
position.
2. Turn the -radiooff.
Understanding Radio Reception
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you
the best sound. ButFM signals
will reach only about
10 to 40 miles (16 to 65km). Tall
buildings or hillscan interfere with.FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
AM
until SEC shows on the display.
The range for most AM stations is greater thanfor FM,
4. Press MIN and 000 will appearon the display.
especially at night. The longer range, however, can
AM can pick
cause stations to interfere with each other.
5. Press MIN again to makethe last two digits agree
up noise from things like storms and power lines. Try
with your code.
this noise if you ever get it.
reducing the treble to reduce
6. Press H R S to make thefirst digit agree with your
Tips About Your Audio System
code.
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
until it is too late.Your hearing can adapt to higher
code matches the secret code you have written down.
can be loud
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal
indicating thatthe radio is
The display'will show ----,
and harmful to your hearing.
Take precautions by
no longer secured.
adjusting the volume control on your radio to a safe
If the code enteredis incorrect, SEC will appear on the
sound level before your hearing adapts to it.
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
To help avoid hearing loss or d,amage:
code is entered.
Adjust the volume control tothe lowest setting.
When battery poweris given to a secured radio, the
LOC will appear onthe display.
radio won't turn on and
Increase volume slowly untilyou hear comfortably
and clearly.
3-25
1
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
NOTICE:
Before you add anysound equipment to your
vehicle like a tape player; CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can
add what you want. If you can,,it’s very
important to do properly.
it
Added sound
equipment may interfere with the operationof
your vehicle’s engine, Delcoradio or other
systems, and even damage them. Your vehicle’s
systems may interfere with the operationof
sound equipment that hasbeen added
improperly.
So, before adding soundequipment, check with
your dealerand be sure tocheck Federal rules
covering mobile radio and.telephone units.
--
--
A tape player thatis not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or a damaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored
in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat.If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure
of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may displayCLN to indicate
that you have used your tape player
for 50 hours without
If you notice a reduction
resetting the tape clean timer.
in sound quality, try a known good cassette to see if the
If this other cassette
tape or the tape player is at fault.
has no improvementin sound quality, clean the tape
player.
Cleaning may be done with a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
of the cleaner cassetteturn.It
the tape head as the hubs
is normalfor the cartridge to eject while cleaning. Insert
the cassette at least three times to ensure thorough
cleaning. A scrubbing action cleaning cassette is
available throughyour Buick dealer.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type Fixed Mast Antenna
cleaner which uses a cassette with
fabric
a belt to clean
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
the tape head.This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject. It may not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing without being damaged.If the mast should ever become
slightly bent,you can straighten it out by hand. If the.
type cleaner.
mast is badly bent, asit might be by vandals, you should
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may
replace it.
degrade over time. Always make sure the
thatcassette
Check every oncein a while to be sure
the mast ls still
tape is in good condition before
you have your tape
tightened to the fender.
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Rear Window Defogger Antenna (Option)
Handle discs carefully.
Storethem in their original cases
or other protective cases and away
from direct sunlight
and dust.If the surface of a discis soiled, dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergent solution
and
clean it, wiping from
the center tothe edge.
The rear window defogger with this option also serves
If you have this option, do not apply
as a radio antenna.
aftermarket glass tinting.The metallic f~ in some
tinting materials will interfere with
or distort the
incoming radio reception.
Be sure never to touch
the.signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or the
edge of the hole andthe outer edge.
3-27
NOTES
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can
give about driving is: Drive
defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device
in your
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means
“be ready for anything.”
On city streets,rural roads or freeways,it means
“always expectthe unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are going
to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be readyfor their mistakes.
Here you’ll find information about driving
on different
kinds-ofroads andin varying weather conditions. We’ve
also included many other useful tips
on driving.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable
of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving.
You never
know when the vehicle
in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
0
Judgment
0
MuscularCoordination
Vision
0
Attentiveness.
0'
The amoimt of alcohol consumed
0
The amount of food thatis\consumed before.and.
,
.
@ . The length of time it has taken thedrinker'to
Police records show that almost
half,of all motor
.
.
,
.
consume
the
alcohol.
In most cases,
vehicle-related deaths :involve alcohol.
of someone whowas drinking
these deaths are the result
.Accordingto the American Medical Association,
a ..
and driving.In recent years, some 18,000 annual motor 180-lb. (82 kg) person.whodrinks three 12-.ounce .
vehicle-related deaths have been
asso4ated with the use (355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour willelid up,witha
of alcohol, with more than 300,000.people injured.
reach'theBAC of about0.06 percent. The person would
same BAC.bydrinking .Wee4-ounce (120ml) glasses
Many adults-- by some estimates, nearly
half the adult
of
Wine or three mixedd r i t b if each had1-1/2 ounces .
popuiation -- choose never todrink alcohol, so they
(45 ml) of a liqubr like whiskey,gin or vodka.
,
never drive after drinking. For persons under 21, it's
. .
.
against the law in every
U.S. state todrink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychological and
developmental reasons for these laws.
"
7
.
I
.
'
,
.-
4-2
\
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit atBAC
a
of 0.10 percent. In a growing numberof U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit 0.08
is percent. In some
other countries, it’seven lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial driversin the United Statesis 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over0.10 percent after threeto
it
six drinks (inone hour). Of course, as we’ve seen,
depends onhow’muchalcohol isin the drinks,q d how
quickly the person drinks them.
a
of
But the ability todrive is affected well below BAC
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of
many peopleare impaired at aBAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night.
All
drivers are impaired at
BAC levels above0.05 percent.
of being in a collision
Statistics show that the chance
It’s the amountof alcohol that counts. For example,
if
of
increases sharplyfor drivers who have BAC
a
the same person drank three double martinis
(3 ounces
0.05
percent
or
above.
A
driver
with
a
BAC
level
of
the person’s
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour,
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance
of having a
BAC would be close to0.12 percent. A person who
consumes foodjust before or during drinking will have acollision. At aBAC level of 0.10 percent, the chanceof
this driver having a collision 12
is times greater; at a
somewhat lowerBAC level.
25 times greater!
There is a gender difference, too.
Women generally have level of 0.15 percent, the chance is
a lower relative percentage
of body water than men.
Since alcohol is carriedin body water, this means that a
BAC level than a
woman generally will reach a higher
4-3
The body takes about an
hmr to rid itselfof the alcohol
in one drink.No amount of coffee or numberof cold
showers will speed that up.
“I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. Whatif there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action,as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderateBAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s somethingelse about drinking and driving that
many people don’tknow. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuriesto the brain, spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killedor permanently disabled
is higher thanif the person had not been drinking.
4-4
Drinking and then driving
is very dangerous.
Your reflexes,perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment canbe affected by even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious or even
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride
with a driver
who has been drinking. Ridkhome in a cab; orif
you’re with a group, designatea driver who will ,
not drink.
--
--
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drive
in spurts -- he,avy acceleration followedby heavy
This
bralung -- rather than keeping pace with traffic.
is a mistake.Your brakes may not have time to cool
between hard stops.Your brakes will wear out much
faster if you do alot of heavy braking.If you keep pace
with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
of unnecessary braking. That
you will eliminate a lot
means better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake
If you do, the
normally but don’t pump your brakes.
pedal may get harder to push down.
If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will useit when you brake. Oncethe power assist is
used up,it may take longer to stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes
(ABS). ABS is m
advanced electronic braking system that will help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine,
or when you beginto drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear a momentary motor
or clicking noise while
this testis going on, and you may even notice that your
This is normal.
brake pedal moves little.
a
If there’s a problem
with the anti-lock
brake system,this
warning light will stay
on. See “Anti-Lock
Brake SystemWarning
Light” in the Index.
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure
faster than any driver could.
The computer is
programmed to make the most
of available tire and road
conditions.
-
I
I
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say
the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly ananimaljumps out in
front of you.
You slam onthe brakes. Here’s what happens with
ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.
If one
of the wheelsis about tostop rolling, the computer will
separately work the brakes at each
front wheel and at the
rear wheels.
You can steer aroundthe obstacle while braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates
on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-7
When you movethe shift lever to a position other than
THIRD (3) or OVERDFUVE (@),the system will turn
off. The Enhanced Traction System warning
light will
come on and stay on.If the Enhanced Traction System
is limiting wheel spin when
you move the shift leverto
off right away.
another position, the system won’t turn
It will wait until there’s no longercurrent
a
need to limit
wheel spin.
You can turn the system backon at any timeby
moving the shift lever back to
the THIRD (3) or
OVERDRIVE (0)
position again.The Enhanced
Traction System warning
light should go off.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock braking system when you need to.
With anti-lock, youcan steer and brake at
the same
time. In many emergencies, steeringcan help you more
than even the very best braking.
Steering:
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning,you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentioned on
the news happenon curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each
of us is subject to
The
the same lawsof physics when driving on curves.
it
traction of the tires against the road surface makes
possible for the vehicle to change
its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going inthe same direction.If you’ve ever
tried to steer a vehicle
on wet ice, you’ll understandthis.
The traction you can getin a curve dependson the
the angle at
condition of your tires and the road surface,
While
which the curve is banked, and your speed.
you’re in a curve, speedis the one factor you can
control.
4-9
Suppose you’re steeringthrough a sharp curve. Then youEmergencies
Steering
in
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems-- steering and
There are times when steering can
bemore effective
acceleration -- havetodotheirworkwherethetiresmeet
.
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
the.road. Unless you have the Enhanced Ti-action System
fiid a truck stoppedin your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
and the trmaxle shift lever is in the OVERDFWE (0)
position, adding the sudden acceleration can demand too out from nowhere, or a child darts out from between
in front of you. You can
parked cars and stops right
much of those places.You can lose control.
-- if you canstop in
avoid these problems by braking
What should you’ do if this ever happens? Ease
on the
up
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room. That’s
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle the way you want
it
the timefor evasive action-- steering around the
to go, and slow down.
problem.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
in emergencies like
Your Buick can perform very well
adjust your speed.Of course, the posted speeds are
in
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less Emergencies” earlierin this section.) It is better to
favorable conditions you’llwant to go slower.
remove as much speedas you can from a possible
the problem, to the left or
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a collision. Then steer around
curve, doit before you enter the curve, while your front right depending onthe space available.
wheels are straight ahead.
I
I
,
Try to adjust your speed
so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are
out of the curve, and then
accelerate gentlyinto the straightaway.
4-10
,
.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find sometime that your right wheels have
dropped off the edge of a road ontothe shoulder while
you're driving.
p-
LEFT APPROX.
QUARTER TURN
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
edge of paved burface
quick decision.If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended9 and 3 o'clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have
to act fast, steer quickly, and
just as quickly straightenthe wheel once you have
If the level of the shoulder only
is slightly below the
avoided the object.
pavement, recovery shouldbe fairly easy. Easeoff the
are always
The fact that such emergency situations
accelerator and then,if there is nothingin the way, steerso
to practice defensive driving at that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You.
possible is a good reason
all times and wear safety belts properly.
turn until the
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter
turn your
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then
steering wheelto go straight down the roadway.
4-11
Do not get too close to the vehicle.you want to pass
while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one thing,
of vision,
following too closely reduces your area
especially if you’re following a larger vehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate space if the vehicle ahead
suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a reasonable
distance.
Passing
The driver of a vehicle about to
pass anothcr’ona
two-lane highwaywaits for just the rigbt moment,
around the vehicle ahead,
then goes
accelerates, -moves
back into the rightlan~again. A simple maneuver?
~ onecessarily
t
Passing another v,ehicleon a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerbus move,
since the
same lami as oncoming
passing vehicle occupies the
&aiEcfor several seconds.A m&alculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger can
suddedy put the passing driver face to face with the
worst of all traffic akcidents the head-on collision.
--
So heie axe some tips €or passing:
“Drive’ahead.” Lookdown the road, to the sides and
: to crossroads foi situations that might affect your
passing patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever
about making a successfid’pass, wait fora better time.
0
’
Watch for trafficsigns, pavement makings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicatea
turn or an’intersectibn, delay your pass.
A broken
to
center line u$ud.Iyindicates.it’s all right pass
(providing the road ahead
is clear). NeverCross a
solid b e on your side of the lane or a double solid
line, even if the road seems empty
of ;ipproachg
traffic.
0
When it looks like a chance to pass is comirig up,in the right lane and don’t
start to accelerate but stay
so you will be
get too close. Time your move
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane.If the way is clear to pass,you will have a
“running start” that more than makes
up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. Andif
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slowdownand drop back again andwait for another opportunity.
If other cars are lined up to pass
a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
a Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lane change signal before moving out
of the right laneto pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicleto see its front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move backinto the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside. mirror is convex. The vehicle you
just passed’mayseem to be farther away from
you
I
than
-is.)
it really
a
Try not to pass more than one vehiclea time
at on
two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the next
vehicle.
a Don’t overtakea slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing,
it may
be slowing downor starting to turn.
a If you’re being passed, make
it easy for the
following driver to get ahead
of you. Perhaps you
can easea little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three control systems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the roadto do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying
to steer
and constantly seek an escape route or area
of less
danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control
of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suitedto existing conditions, and
by not
“overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always
possible.
The three typesof skids correspond to your Buick’s
three control systems.In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling.In the steering or cornering skid, too
to slip and
much speed or steering in
a curve causes ‘tires
lose cornering force.And in the accelerationskid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid is best handled
by easing your footoff
the accelerator pedal.
If you have the Enhanced Traction System, remember:
It
helps avoid only the acceleration skid.
4-13
I
If you do not have the Enhanced Traction System,
if or
the transaxle shift lever is not
in the OVERDRIVE (@)
position, then an acceleration skid
is. also best handled
off the accelerator pedal.
by easing your foot
Driving at Night
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot
off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go.If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready
for a
,second skidif it occyrs.
Of course, tractionis reduced when water, snow,
ice,
gravel or other material is on the road.,For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions.’~It
is importantto slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
I’
I’
While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration
or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could’cause the tires to slide. Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
You may notrealize the surface is slippery ‘untilyour
reason is that some drivers are likely be
to impaired -- by
-vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning clues
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
such as enough water,ice or packed snow on the road to
Here are some tips on night driving.
make a “mirrored surface”-- and slow down when you
have any doubt.
0
Drivedefensively.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system
(ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
414
0
Adjust-your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare from heatlamps Uehindyou.
0
Since you can't see as well, you.may ,need
to slowt-.i.
down and-keep more space between
you and other '
vehicles.
!Slaw down, especially on higher speed,roads.
Your
headlamps cim light up only so much road ahead.
In remote areas, .watch foranimals,
I
.
0
'
Driving in Rain and onWet Roads
Rain and wet roads canmean driving trouble. Ona wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate
or turn as well because
roads.
your tire-to-road traction isn’tas good ason
left, you’ll get
And, if your tires don’t have much tread
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts tofall while you are driving.The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving ondry pavement.
d
r
y
’
The heavier the rain, the harder
it is to see.. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can makeit harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge
of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your wiping equipment
in good shape
and.keepyour windshield washer tank filled. Replace
your windshield wiper inserts when they show signs
of
streaking or missing areas
on the windshield, or when
strips of rubber start to separate from the inserts.
4-16
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to one
side. You could lose control of the vehicle.
I
After driving through a large puddle
of water or
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work- normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous.So much water can build up
under your tires that they
can actually ride on the
water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going’fast enough. When your vehicle
is hydroplaning’
it has little or no contact with the road.
Driving toofast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems’ too. Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But
it can if your
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles. tires haven’t much treador if the pressure inone or
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them. more is low.It.can happen if a lot of wateris standirigon
the road.If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard andfast rule about hydroplaning.The
.best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
4-17
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
City Driving
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or
standing water, water cancome in through your
engine’s air intake andbadly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that
is slightlp
lower than the underbodyof your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddlesor standingwater, drive
through them veryslowly.
’
Some Other Rainy WeatherTips
0 Turn on your low-beam headlamps
-- not just your
parking lamps-- to help make you more visible to
0
0
others.
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle.M o w yourself more clear room
ahead, and.be prepared to have your view restricted
,byroad spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
4-18
’
One of the biggest problems with city streetsthe
is
for
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out
and pay attention to
what the other drivers are doing
traffic signals.
Here are ways to increase
your safety in city driving:
Freeway Driving
Know the best way toget to where you are going.
Get a city map and plan your into
tripan unknown
part of the city just as you wouldfor a cross-country
trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
the,
large cities.You’ll save time and energy. (See
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
0
Treat a green lightas a warning signal. A traffic light
is there because the corner is busy enough to it.
need
just before you start to
When a light turns green, and
move, check both ways
for vehicles that have not
cleared the intersection or may be running the red
light.
Mile for mile, freeways(also called thruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are
the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
4-19
..
_.
.
i
The most important advice on freeway driving
is: Keep
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
up with traffic: and keepto the right. Drive tkie
at same
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
speed mostof the other drivers are driving. Too-fast or “blind” spot.
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
left lane ona freeway as a passing lane.
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
At the entrance, thereis usually a ramp that leads to the slightly slower at night.
freeway. If you have a clear view
of the freeway as you
you want toleave the freeway, move to the proper
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
lane well in advance.If you miss yourexit, do not,
check traffic. Try to determine whereyou expect to ./
up. Drive on to
under any circumstances, stop and back
blend with the flow. Try to merge
into the gapat close to
the next exit.
the prevailing speed. Switch
on yourturn signal, check
your mirrors and glance ,over your shoulder as as
often The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
necessary. Try to.blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
posted limit,orto the prevaihg rate if it’s- slower. Stay
to your senseof motion. After. driving
for any distance
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
at higher speeds, you may tend
to think you are going
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use .slower thanyou actually are.
your turn signal.
4-20
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Here are some things you can check before
a trip:
0
Make sure you’re ready. Try
to be well rested.If you
must start when you’re not
fresh -- such asafter a day’s
work -- don’t planto make too many miles that first part 0
of the joumey.Wear comfortable clothing and shoes
you
0
can easily drive in.
levels?
Is your vehicle readyfor a long trip?If you keepit
0
serviced and maintained, it’s ready
to go. If it needs
service, haveit done before starting out.
Of course,
0
you’ll. find experienced and
able-service expertsin
North America. They’ll be
Buick dealerships all across
if you needit.
ready and willing to .help
Windshield WasherFluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
Wiper Blades: Are they& good shape?
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all
I
Lamps: Are they all working?. Are the lenses clean?
Tires: They are vitally important
to a safe,
trouble-free trip.Is the tread good enoughfor
all inflated to the
long-distance driving? Are the tires
recommended pressure?
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay
yout trip a short ’
time to avoida major storm system?
0
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
4-21
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Is ,thereactually sucha condition as "highway
hypnosis"? Or is it just plain falling asleep
at the wheel?
of awareness, or
Call it highway hypnosis, lack
whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch
of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum
of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and therush of the wind
against the vehicle thatcan make you sleepy. Don't let
it
the
happen to you!If it does, your vehicle can leave
road in less than a second, and you could crash and be
injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware thatit can happen.
Then hereare some tips:
Make sure your vehicleis well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Driving on steep hills
or mountains is different from
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to driving in flat or rolling terrain.
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
If you;get sleepy, pulloff the road'into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
'
'
4-22
If you drive regularly insteep country, orif you’re
planning to visit there,here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
I A CAUTION:
I
Keep your vehiclein .goodshape: Check all fluid
and’
levels andalso the brakes, tires, cooling system
transaxle. Theseparts can work hard on mountain
roads.
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get
so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would
then have poorbraking oreven none going down
a hill. You could crash. Always have yourengine
running and yourvehicle in gearwhen you go
downhill.
Know how to go downhills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your enginedo some of the
slowing down.Shift to a lower gear when you
go
down asteep or longhill.
/i\
I
CAUTION:
0
1
If you don’t shift down, your brakescould get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poorbraking oreven none going down a
hill. You could crash.Shift down to letyour
engine assist yourbrakes on a steep downhill
slope.
0
0
0
Know how to go uphill. Drive in the highest gear
possible.
Stay in your own
lane when dnving on two-lane
or cut
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide
across the centerof the road. Driveat speeds that let
you stayin your own lane.
As you go over the topof a hill, be alert. There could
car or an
be somethingin your lane, like a stalled
accident.
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks area or winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
4-23
I -
, .
>. '
DrivingWinter
\
''
Here are some tips
for winter driving:4
,.
'0
,
Have your Buickin good shapefor winter.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
3
4-24
Include an ice scraper, a small brush. or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid,a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
if you will
couple of reflective warning triangles. And,
be driving under severe conditions, include a small
bag
of sand, a pieceof old carpet ora couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these itemsin your vehicle.
What’s the worst time
for this? “Wet ice.”Very cold
snow.or ice can be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
Most of the time,those places where your tires meet the ice can be even more trouble because
it may offer the
road probably ’have good traction.
least tractionof all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and freezing
(32°F; O O C ) and freezing rain begins tofall.
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be very can get there.
careful.
Whatever the condition-- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow-- drive with caution.
Driving- on Snow orIce
If you havethe Enhanced Traction System, keep me
position
transaxle shiftlever in the OVERDRIVE
so the system will be able to operate.
It will improve
your ability to accelerate when driving on a slippery
road. Even though your vehicle has this system, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to the road
conditions. See “Enhanced Traction System” in the
Index.
If you don’t have the Enhanced Traction System,
accelerate gently.Try not to break the fragile traction.
If
you accelerate toofast, the drive wheels will spin and
polish the surface under the tires even more.
(a)
4-25
/
,
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicIe’s stability
when you make a hard stop
on.a slippery road. Even
though you havethe anti-lock braking system, you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner&an you would
on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock”in the Index.
Allow greater following distanceon any slippery
road.
0-
Watch for slippery spots. The road might
be,fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice.anOn
otherwise clear road,ice patches may appearin
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sbmetimes the surface of a curveor.an overpass may
If
remain icy whenthe surrounding roads are clear,
you see ,a patch
of ice .aheadof you,‘brake before you
are on it.Try not to brake while you’re
actually.on
the ice, and avoid’suddensteering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could inbea
serious situation.You should’probably stay with your
vehicle unless you ,know
for sure that yobare near help
and youcan hike throughthe snow. Here aresome
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your’
passengers safe:
.
0\
Turn on your hazard flashers.
\
I
I
l
'
e Tie ar e d ' c I a ~ , tyourvehicle
o
tq alert police that
you've
been
stopped-by
the
snow.
. .
e Put on extra clothing or 'wrap
a.blanket around you.
\
If you have'noblankets or extra clothing, makebody
insulators,from newspapers, burlap bags, rags,
flo.or,
mats -- anything
you can wrap around yourself or
. .
t
u
&under YQW clothing to keep warm.
!
Run your engine onlyas long as you must.This saves
it go alittle faster
fuel. When yourun the engine,, make
thahjust idle. Thatis, push the accelerator slightly.
This
uses lessfuel for the heat that you get and
it keeps the
to
battery) charged.You will need a well-ch.arged battery
.restartthe vehicle; anc(p0ssibly for signaling later.on'
with your headlamps. Let the heater
run for awhile.
~
Q
Then, shut the engine
off and close the window almost
all theway to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you
feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But doit as little as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can.To help keep warm,you can get
out of the vehicle anddo some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour orso until help comes.
Towing Your Vehicle from the Front
P
Recreational Vehicle Towing
There may be times when you want
to tow your Buick
behind another vehiclefor use atyour destination. Be
sure to usethe,propertowing equipment designedfor
recreational towing. Follow the
inskctions forthe
towing equipment.
I
Follow these steps:
1. Put the front wheels on a dolly.
4-28
NOTICE:
Do not tow your vehicle with the front wheels in
contact’with the ground, or the automatic
transaxle .could be damaged.
Towing Your Vehicle from the Rear
I
2. Set the parking brake.
3. Turn the ignition keyto OFF to unlock the steering
wheel. See “Ignition Positions”in the Index.
a straight-ahead
4. Clamp the steering wheel in
position, witha clamping device designed for
towing.
5. Release the parking brake.
L
h
I
’
I NOTICE:
I
I
Do not tow your vehicle from the rear, or your
vehicle could be badly damaged and the costly
repairs would not be covered by your warranty.
4-29
Loading Your Vehicle
Fm
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
OCCUPANTS
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
CTR.
FRT.
RR.
TOTAL KG
LBS.
MAX. LOADING & GVWR SAME AS VEHICLE
XXX
COLD
TIRE
CAPACITY
WEIGHT
PRESSURE
SPEED
SIZE TIRE
'PSI/KPa
RTG
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT, ADD 4PS1/28KPa
SEE OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
INFORMATION
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATE
GVWR
GAWR FRT GAWR RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTION
STANDARDS IN EFFECT O N THE DATE OF
MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
The other label is the Certification label, found
on the
gross
rear edgeof the driver's door. It tells you the
weight capacityof your vehicle, called the GVWR
Two labels-onyour vehicle show how much weight
it
(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).The GVWR includes the
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
found on the rear edge
of the. driver's door tells you the Never exceed the GVWR
for your vehicle, or the Gross
proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation Axle Weight Rating (GAWR)for either the front or rear
pressures for the tireson your vehicle.It also gives you
axle.
of people that
important information about the number
it
,can be in your vehicle the
andtotal weight that you can And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread
132 lbs. (60 kg) in your
carry. This weightis called the Vehicle Capacity Weight out. Don't carry more than
of all occupants, cargo and all trunk.
and includes the weight
nonfactory-installed options.
4-30
I
Do not load your vehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on your vehicle can
break, or it can change the
way your vehicle
handles. Thesecould cause you to lose control.
Also, overloading can shortenthe life of your
vehicle.
If you put things inside your vehicle
-- like suitcases,
tools, packages,or anything else -- they will go as fast
as the vehicle goes.If you haveto stop or turn quickly,
or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
Things you put inside yourvehicle can strike and
injure people in a sudden stop or turn, orin a
crash.
Put things in the trunk
of your vehicle. In a
trunk, putthem as far forward as
you can.
Try tospread theweight evenly.
Neyer stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside thevehicle so that some of them are
above the topsof the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured .child restraint in
your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure itwhenever you can.
Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you
need to.
I
4-31
Towing a Trailer
If you don’t usethe correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull a
trailer. For example, if the traileris too heavy,the
brakes may not work well or even at all. You
and your passengerscould be seriously injured.
Pull a trailer only if you have followed all the
steps in this section. Askyour Buick dealer for
advice and information about towing a trailer
with yourvehicle.
--
NOTICE:
Pulling a trailer improperly can damage your
vehicle and result in costly repairs notcovered by
your warranty. To pull a trailer correctly, follow
the advice in this part, andsee your Buick dealer
for important information about
towing a trailer
with your vehicle.
4-32
Do not tow a trailerif your vehicleis equipped witha
2.4L (Code T) engine.
Your vehicle can towa trailer if it is equipped with a
3.1L (Code MJ engine and proper trailer towing
equipment. To iden‘t;rfy what the vehicle trailering capacity
is for your vehicle, you should read the information in
in this section.
“Weight of the Trailer” that appears later
But trailering is different than just driving your vehicle by
itself. Trailering means changes in handling, durability, and
fuel economy. Successful, safe trailering takes correct
be used properly.
equipment, and it has to
That’s the reasonfor this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
of
Many of these are importantfor your safety and that
your passengers.So please readthis section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components suchas the engine, transaxle,
wheel assembliesand’tiresare forced to work harder
is
against the dragof the added weight. The engine
required to operateat relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the
to wind resistance, increasing
trailer adds considerably
the pulling requirements.
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
4:
you
If
loads.
0
do, here
are
some
important
points:
the
weight
ds
of the
trailer,
the weight of the _trailer
tongue
and the total weight on your vehicle’s. tires.
There are many differentlaws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will belegal, not only where you live but
Weight of the Trailer
A good sourcefor this
also where you’ll be driving.
informationcanbe state or provincialpolice.
Howheavycanatrailersafelybe?
It should never weigh more than
1,000 lbs. (450 kg). But
Consider using a sway control.
You can ask a hitch
even that can be
too heavy.
dealer about sway controls.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the
first 1,000 miles
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
(1 600 km) your new vehicleis driven. Your engine,
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
axle or other parts could be damaged.
trailer areall important. And,it can also dependon any
Then, during thefirst 500 miles (800 km) that you
special equipment that you .have
on your vehicle.
50 mph (80 km/h) and
tow a trailer, don’t drive over
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other partsof your vehicle wear in at the advice, or you can write
us at:
heavier
Customer Assistance Center
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
902 E. Hamilton Avenue, Flint,MI d8550
Don’t drive faster than
the maximum posted speed
55 mph (90km/h)) to
for trailers (or no more than
In Canada, write to:
save wearon your vehicle’s parts.
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H8P7
I
’.
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
If you’re using a “dead-weight” hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh10%of the total loaded trailer
The tongue load(A) of any trailer is an important
weight (B).If you have a “weight-distributing” hitch,
weight to measure becauseit affects the total capacity
the trailer tongue(A) should weigh12% of the total
the
weight of your vehicle.The capacity weight includes
(B).
loaded trailer weight
in
curb weightof the vehicle, any cargo you may carry
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
And
it, and the people who will be riding in the .vehicle.
the weights are
if you will tow a trailer, you must subtract the tongue then the tongue, separately, to ifsee
load from your vehicle’s capacity weight because your proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
vehicle will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Your Vehicle” in the Indexfor more information about
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
your vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the
recommended pressurefor cold tires.You’ll find these
of the
numbers on the Certification
label at the rear edge
driver’s door or see “Loading
Your Vehicle” in the
Index. Then be sure you don’tgo over the GVW limit ..
for your vehicle, including the weight
of the trailer
tongue.
A
B
Safety Chains
Hitches
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
It’s important to have
the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, large trucks going
by and rough roads are a and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
to the road
few reasonswhy you’ll needthe right hitch. Hereare
of the trailerso that.the tongue will not drop
if it becomes separated from
the hitch. Instructions
some rulesto follow:
about safety chains may be provided
by the hitch
Will you have to make any holes
in the body of your
manufacturer or by
the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
vehicle when youinstall a trailer hitch?If you do,
manufacturer’s recommendationfor attaching safety
then be sureto seal the holes laterwhen you remove
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
the hitch.If you don’tseal them,, deadly carbon
leave just enough slackso you canturn with your rig.
monoxide (CO)from your exhaustcan get into your
And,
never allow safety chains to drag
on the ground.
vehicle (see “CarbonMonoxide”.inthe Index). Dirt
and watercan, too.
’
The bumpers on your vehicleate not intendedfor
or other
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches
bumper-type hitchesto them. Use only a
frame-mounted hitch that does not attach to the
bumper.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer haveits own brakes? Be sure to read
and follow the instructions
for the trailer brakesso
you’ll be able to install, adjust and maintain them
properly. Because you have anti-lock brakes, do try
not
to tap into your vehicle’s brake system.
If you do, both
brake systems won’t work well, or all.
at
4-35
1
Driving with anailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before settingout for the open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself withfeel
the.of
of the
handling aqd braking with the added weight
trailer. And alwayskeep in mind that the vehicle you are
as
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly
is by itself.
responsive as your vehicle
Stay at least twice
as far behind the vehicle. ahead you
as
would when driving your vehicie without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond
the
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lane.
passed vehicle before you can return to your
If the trailer has
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment.
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
Backing Up
then apply the trailer brake controller
by hand to be. sure
the brakes are working.
This lets you check your
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with
one hand.
electrical connection at the same time.
Then, to move the trailer to left,
the just move that hand
During yo& trip, check occasionally to be sure that the to the left.To move the trailer to the right, move your
and,
load is secure, and thatthe lamps and any trailer brakes hand to the right. Always back up slowly if
possible, have someone guide you.
Re still working.
,
%rn Signals When Towinga Wailer
Making %rns
‘NOTICE:
I
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come in contact with the vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns
than normal.Do this so your trailer won’tstrike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees
or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers.Signal well in
advance.
The green mows on your instrument panel will
flash
whenever you signala turn or lane change. Properly
hooked ‘up,the trailer lamps willalso flash, telling other
drivers you’Je aboutto turn, change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer,
the green arrowson your
instrument panel will flash
for turns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
1
.
,‘
4-37
Driving On Grades
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear
before you. start
down a longor steep downgrade. If you don’t shift
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold
the pedal down
down, you might haveto use your brakesso much that
while you:
they .would get hot and
no longer work well.
Start your engine;
If
On a long uphill grade, use the highest gear possible.
Shift into a gear; and.
you cannot maintain posted speeds, driving at a lower
speed may help avoid overheating your engine and
Release the parking brake.
transaxle.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle andthe trailer canbe damaged.
But if you ever have to park your on
rig a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the trailer wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks arein place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes, Then apply your parking
brake, and then shift to
PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4-38
3. Drive slowly until the traileris clear of the chocks.
4. Stop’and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often
when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
in trailer
on this. ‘Things that are especially important
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, belt, cooling system and brake adjustment.
this manual, and the Index
Each of these is covered in
If you’re trailering, it’s
will help you find them quickly.’
a good idea to review these sections before you start
your tip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts are
tight.
NOTES
4-39
..
,
4-40
'.
Section 5 Problems on the Road
e
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that Your hazard warning flashers let you warn others. They
can occur on the road.
also let police know
you have a problem.Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will
flash on and off.
Hazard Warning Flashers
Press the switch to make
turn
your front and rear
signal lampsflash on and
Off.
c
Your hazard warning flashers work no matter what
position your keyis in, and even if the key
isn’t in.
off the flashers.
Press the switch again, to turn
turn
When the hazard warning flashers are on, your
signals won’t work.
5-1
Other Warning Devices
NOTICE:
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about300 feet (100 m) behind your
vehicle.
Ignoring these steps could result incostly damage
to yourvehicle that wouldn’t be’covered by your
warranty.
Tkying to startyour Buick by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and itcould damage your vehicle.
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down,
you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cablesstart
to your
Buick. But please follow the steps below toit do
safely.
I
I
Batteries can hurtyou. They can be dangerous
because:
They contain acid that can burnyou.
They contain gasthat can explode or ignite.
They contain enough electricity toburn
you.
If you don’t follow these stepsexactly, some or all
of these things canhurt you.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
t
NOTICE:
I
If the othersystem isn’ta 12-volt system witha
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
.~
.
-7-
.
L
.
5-2
I.
.
’
2. Get the.vehicles close enoughso the jumper cables
can reach, but, be sure the vehicles aren’t touching NOTICE:
cause a ground
each other.If they are, it could
You wouldn’t be able to
connection you don’t want.
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
start your Buick, and the bad grounding could
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered
by
damage the electrical systems.
your warranty.
You could. be injured if the vehicles roll. Set the
parking brake firmly on each vehicle. Put an
automatic transaxle inPARK (P) ora manual
transaxle in NEUTRAL (N).
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter. Turn off all lamps that aren’t needed, as well An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
as radios.This will avoid sparks and help save both
clothing and tools away from any underhood
batteries. In addition, it could save your radio.
electric fan.
~
~
~~~
4. Open the hoods and locate both batteries.
5. Find the positive(+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery.
5-3
A CAUTION:
Using a match near abattery cancause battery
gas toexplode. Peoplehave been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded. Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has
enough water. You don’t
need to add water to the
Delco Freedom@ battery
installed inevery new GM~ehicle.But if a
battery hasfiller caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you don’t, explosivegas could be
present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you.
Don’t getit on you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the
place with
water andget ,medical help immediately.
6. Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they
do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some things
you should know. Positive (+ ) will go to positive(+)
and negative (-) will go’tonegative (-) or a.metal
(+) to negative(-)
engine part. Don’t connect positive
or you.’ll get a short thatwould damage the battery and
maybe other parts too.
1
Fans or othermoving engine parts can injureyou
badly. Keep your handsaway from moving parts
once the engines are running.
_.
I
5-5
I
Don’t let the other end touch anything until the next
doesn’t go to
step. The other endof the negative cable
the dead battery.It goes toa heavy unpainted metal part
on the engineof the vehicle withthe dead batterv.
U
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after a few tries,
it probably needs
13. Remove the cables in reverse order to prevent
electrical shorting.Take care that they don’t touch
each otheror any other metal.
B
+
-0
-
A
C
@
+
10. Attach the cable at least18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that
move. The electrical connection just
is as good
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
there, but the chance
of sparks getting back to the
battery is much less.
B. Good Battery
11. Now st& the vehicle with the good battery andrun
C. Dead Battery
the enginefor awhile.
. .
5-6
-.-
Towing Your Vehicle
.
?
Try to havea Buick dealer ora professional towing
service tow your Skylark. They can provide the right
equipment and know how
to tow, your vehiclewithout'
damage. (See "Roadside Assistance" in the Index.)
, .
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since
it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items. like fog
lamps, aeroskirting, ot special tiresand wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything,turn on the hazard warning
flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle cannot be towed from the front
with sling-type equipment.
0
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
0
The make, model and yearof yo& vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives,let the tow operator
know that this manual.contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations. The operator may want
to
see them.
To help avoid injury toyou or others:
Never let passengersride in a vehicle that is
being towed.
Never tow faster thansafe .or posted speeds.
'Never towwith damaged parts notfully
secured.
Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
Always secure the vehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towingit.
Never use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
F
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t
A vehicle can fal1,from altar carrier if it isn’t
adequately secured. This can cause
a collision,
serious personalinjury andvehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly securedwith chains or
steel cables before it is transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing, etc.) that canbe cut by sharp
edges underneath thetowed vehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted in theT-hook slots. Never use
J-hooks. They will damage drivetrain and
suspension components.
When your vehicleis being towed, have the ignition
key off. The steering wheel should be clamped in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed for towing service.Do not use the vehicle’s
steering column lockfor this. The transaxle should be
in NEUTRAL (N), and the parking brake released.
Don’t have your vehicle towed on the front wheels,
unless you must.If the vehicle must be towed on the
front wheels, (see speed and distance restrictions later
in
If these
this section) your transaxle will be damaged.
front wheels have to
limits mustbe exceeded, then the
be supported on a dolly.
Front Towing
Do not tow with sling-type equipment or
fascidfog
lamD damage will occur.
Attach T-hook chainsinto
the slots in the bottom of
the floorpan, just behind
the front wheels,on both
sides.
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor
fascidfog lamp damage
will occur. Usea wheel
lift or car carrier
equipment. Additional ramping
may be required for thecar carrierequipment.
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfacescould
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle
to groundor vehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To
help avoid damage, installa towing dollyand
raise vehicle until adequate clearance is obtained
between the ground and/or wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attach winch cables or J-hooks to
suspension components when using car carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooksinserted in the
T-hook slots.
5-10
Attach a separate safety
chain aroundthe outboard
end of each lower control
arm.
.
8
.
.
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!
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Before hooking up toaL.tow
truck, be sure to readall the
information in “TowingYour Vehicle” earlierin this
section. Also be sure to use the proper hook-up for
your
particular vehicle.
.
.
Attach T-hook chainsOR
bdth sidesin the slotted
holes
in
%meahead
railthe
justbottom.of
ofthe
the
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor rear
bumper valance will be damaged. Use wheellift
or a car carrierequipment. Additional ramping
may be required for the car carrier
equipment.
Use safety chains and wheel straps.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfacescould
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur fromvehicle
to ground orvehicle to wheel-lift equipment. To
help avoid damage, install a towing dolly and
raise vehicle until adequate clearanceis obtained
between the ground and/orwheel-lift equipment.
Do not attach winch cables or J-hooks to
suspension components when using car carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooks inserted in the
T-hook slots.
5-12
NOTICE:
Ignition key must be in the OFF position to
keep the automatic doorlock3 from locking
during tow.
Attach a separate chain
each sideof the axle
inboard of the spring.
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperature gage and
a LOW
COOLANT warning lighton your Buick’s instrument
panel. See “Engine Coolant Temperature Gage” and
“Low Coolant WarningLight” in the Index.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
k
Steam froman overheated engine canburn you
badly, even if you just open the hood. Stay away
from the engine
if you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn itoff and get everyone away
from thevehicle until itcools down. Wait until
there is no sign of steam or coolant before
opening thehood.
If you keep drivingwhen your engineis
overheated, the liquids in it can catch
fire. You or
others could be badly burned. Stop yourengine if
it overheats,and get out of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
I NOTICE:
I
If your engine catches fire
because you keep
driving with nocoolant, your vehicle can be
badly damaged. The costly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-13
If No Steam Is Coming From Your ,Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see
or hear no
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
theengine can getalittletoohotwhenyou:
Climb a longhill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
Idle for long
periods in traffic.
.
Tow a trailer.
If you no longer have, the overheat w&g, you can drive.
Just to be safe, drive slower for about10 minutes. If the
warning doesn’t come back on, you can drive normally.
If thewarningcontinues,pullover,stop,andparkyour
vehicle right away.
the engine
If there’s still no sign
of steam, you can idle
for two or three minutes while you’re parked,see
to if
the warning
stops.
But
then,
if you
still
have
the
of the
warning, turn o f t h e engine and get everyone out
vehicle until it cools down.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam, You may decide not to lift
the hood but to get service
try this for a minute or so:
help rightaway.
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
4
2. Turn on your heater tofull hot at the highest
fan
speed and openthe window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic
jam, shift to NEUTRAL(N);
otherwise, shift to
the highest geafwhile
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0).
2.4L (Code T) Engine
When you decide it’s safe tolift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
A. Coolant surge tank with pressure cap
B. Electric enginefan
3.1L (Code M) Engine
-
A CAUTION:
An electric fan under the hood can start
up even
when the engineis not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank
is boiling,
don’t do anythingelse until it cools down.
5-15
’A
CAUTION:
Heater and radiatorhoses, and otherengine
parts, canbe very hot. Don’ttouch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run theengine if there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, andyou could be burned.
Get anyleak fixed before you drive thevehicle.’
[
The coolant level should be at FULL
the COLD mark. If
NOTICE:
it isn’t, you may have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater
hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere
else in the
Engine damage from running
your engine
cooling system.
without coolant isn’t covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be
no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine fan is running.
If the engine is
overheating, the fan should be running. If it isn’t, your
vehicle needs service.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge
Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, the
but coolant level
mixture of
isn’t atthe FULL COLD mark, add 50/50
a
clean water (preferably distilled) and DEX-COOL
antifreeze at the coolant surge tank, but be sure the
cooling system, including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is cool before you do it. (See “Engine
Coolant” inthe Index for more information.)
I
A CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids froma hot cooling
system can blow out and burnyou badly. They are
under pressure, and if you turn thecoolant surge
tank pressure cap even a little they can ,come
out at high speed. Neverturn the capwhen the
cooling system,,including the coolant surge tank
pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system
and coolant surge tank pressure cap cool
to if you
ever have to turn thepressure cap.
--
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5-17
4
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NOTICE:
I
Adding only plain water to your
cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant warning
system is set for the proper coolant
mix. With
plain wateror thewrong mix, your engine could
get too hotbut you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire andyou or
others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL antifreeze.
TM
4 n
In cold weather, water canfreeze and crack,the
engine, radiator, heater core and other parts.
So
use the recommended coolant.
’A
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant containsethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolanton a hot engine.
..
1.
2. Then keep . t u r n &
'I,,
the
.
5-19
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3. Then fill the coolant surge tank with the proper mix, 4. With the coolant surge tank pressure cap off, start the
engine and letit run until you can feel the upper
up toFULL COLD or just above the small cylinder
radiator
hose getting hot. Watch out for the engine fan.
at the baseof the opening.
By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant
If the levelis lower, add
surge tank may be lower.
more of the proper mix to the coolant surge tank
F"LL COLD mark.
until the level reaches the
5-20
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If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusualfor a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
If air goes
especially if you maintain your tires properly.
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you shouldever have a “blowout,” here are a few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
I
5. Then replacethe pressure cap. Be surethe pressure
cap is tight.
If a front tire fails, the flat tire willcreate a drag that
the
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take yourofffoot
accelerator pedal and grip
the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out
of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your
foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get
the vehicle under controlby
It may be
steering theway you wantthe vehicle to go.
very bumpy and noisy, but you
can still steer. Gently
brake to astop -- well off the roadif possible.
If a tire goesflat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change flat
a tire safely.
5-21
If a tire ,goes.flat, avoid further tire ,and.whkl damage
by driving.slowlyto a level place. Tuq on your hazard..
warning flashers.
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Changing alire can q u s e an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack and
roll over you or other
people. ,Youand they could be badly injured.
Find a'level place40 change your
tire. To help
prevent thevehicle from.moving:
1. Set theparking brakefirmly.
2. Put the shift lever PARK
in
(P).
3. Turn off the engine..
TO be even more certain the
vehicle won't move,
you c& put blocks at the,front and rear
of the
tire farthestaway from theone -beingchanged.
That would bethe tireon the other sideof the
vehicle, at the oppositeend.
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Removing the Spare Tire and Tools
The equipment you’llne:ed
is in the trunk.Pull the
carpeting from the floor
of the trunk.Turn the
center retainer nuton
the compact sparetire
housing-counterclockwise
to removeit.
Lift and remove the cover,
you will find thejacking
instructions labelon the undersideof the tire cover. See
“Compact Spare Tire” later in this section
for more
information aboutthe compact spare.
Turn the wing nut
counterclockwise and
remove it. Thenlift off the
adapter and remove the
spare tire.
Remove thejack and wheel wrench from the trunk.
Your
vehicle’s jack and wheel wrench are stored
in a foam
tray. Remove the band around the jack.
5-23
Removing the FlatTire and Installing the
Spare Tire
1. Remove the wheel nutcaps (you may need to use the
if your
wheel wrench to loosen and remove them,
fingers do not fit into this small area).
The tools you’ll be using include the
jack (A) and wheel
wrench (B).
2. Then use the wheel wrench to
loosen all the wheel
nuts. Don’t remove them yet.
18” (46cm)
1 8 (46cm)
On some vehicles, a cover plate must be removed
find to 3. Position thejack and raise thejack head untilit fits
the wheel nuts. Carefully usethe wedge endof the
firmly into the notchin the vehicle’s frame nearest
wheel wrench topry it off. Be careful; the rim edges
the flat tire. Put the compact spare tire near
you.
may be sharp. Don’ttry to remove it with your bare
hands.
,
5-25
Getting undera vehicle when it is jacked upis
dangerous. If the vehicle slips off the jack,you
could be badly injured or killed. Never get under
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
NOTICE:
Raising your vehicle with the jackimproperly
positioned will damage thevehicle or may allow
the vehicle to fall off,thejack. Be sure tofit the
jack lift head into theproper location before
raising yourvehicle.
4. Raise the vehicle by rotating the wheel wrench
clockwise. Raisethe vehicle far enough off the
ground so there is enough roomfor the spare tire to
fit.
5. Remove allof the wheel nuts.
1 NOTICE:
Do not jack orlift the vehicle using the oil pan.
Pans could crack andbegin to leak fluid.
5-26
I.
Remove any rust ordirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfacesand
spare wheel.
A CAUTION:
6 . Remove the wheel cover from the wheel, if your
vehicle has them. Then take
off the flat tire.
Rust or dirton the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make the
wheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. Whenyou change a
wheel, remove any rust ordirt from theplaces
where thewheel attaches to thevehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this;but be sure touse a scraper orwire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
5-27
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
youIf
do, the nuts might come loose. Your wheel could
fall off, causinga serious accident.
8. Replace the wheel nuts
with the cone endof
the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each
nut by hand or with the
wheel wrench until the
wheel is held against
the hub.
5-28
9. Lower the vehicleby rotating the wheel wrench
counterclockwise. Lower the
jack completely.
10. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence, as shown.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightenedwheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor.damage. To avoid
expensive brake repairs,evenly tighten the‘wheel
nuts in the propersequence and to the proper
torque specification.
Don’t try to put the wheel cover
on your compact spare
in the trunk until
tire. It won’t fit. Store the wheel cover
you have theflat tire repaired or replaced.
I
.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly
tightened
wheel nuts can cause thewheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to anaccident.
Be sure touse the correctwheel nuts. If you have
to replace them,be sure toget new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhereas soon as you can andhave the
nuts tightened with a torque wrench to 100 lb-ft
(140 N-m).
I NOTICE:
-
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare.
If
you try to puta wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage thecover or thespare.
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5-29
Storing the Flat Tire and Tools
/1\ CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
A.Wrench
E. Extension
B. Jack
F. WingBolt
C. Flat Road Tire
G. Cover
D. Adapter
H. Nut
Store theflat tire in the compact spare tire compartment.
Place the tirein the compartment, then secure the
adapter, extension and wing bolt. Place the cover and
nut on topof the flat tire. Store thejack and wheel
wrench in the foam tray.
5-30
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
A CAUTION:
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store
all these
in the proper place.
The compact spareis for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire withfull-size
a
tire as soon as you
can. See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index. See the
storage instructions label to replace your compact spare
into yourtrunk properly.
A.Wrench
E. Wing Bolt
B. Jack
F. Cover
C. Compact Spare
G. Nut
D. Adapter
5-31
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare
tiqe was fully inflated when
your vehicle was new,
it cah loseair after .a t h e . Check
the inflation pressure regularly.
It should be60 psi
(420P a ) .
After installing.thecompact spare .on your vehicle, you
should stopas soon as possible and make sure your
spare tireis correctly inflated. The compact‘.spare
is
limits for
made to perform well at posted speed
distances upto 3,000 miles (5 000 km), so you can
finish your trip and
have,yourfull-size tire repaired or
replaced where you want.Of course, it’s best to replace
your spare witha full-size tireas soon as you c,an. Your
spare willjlast longer and be
in good shapein case you
need it again.
\
your vehicle through an .automatic wash
car with
guide rails. The compactspare can get caught on
the rails. That candamage the tire andwheel,
and maybe otherparts of your vehicle.
,
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Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
with
And don’tmix your compact spare tire or wheel
o&er4 wheels
or tires. They won’t fit. Keep
y
m spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:.
~
\
Tire chainswon’t fit yourcompact spare. Using
them can-damageyour vehicle and can damage
the chainstoo. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
I
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or
Snow
NOTICE:
What you don’t want do
to when your vehicleis stuck is
to spin your wheels
too fast. The method knownas
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
Spinning your wheels can destroyparts of your
vehicle as well as the tires.If you spin thewheels
too fast while shifting your transaxleback and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
-
A CAUTION:
-
If you let your tires spin
at high speed, they can
explode, and you or otherscould be injured. And,
the transaxleor other parts
of the vehicle can
overheat. That could causean engine
compartment fire or other damage. When
you’re
stuck, spinthe wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin thewheels above 35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
I
For information about using tire chains on your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking your vehicle to get it out:
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around yourfront wheels. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning, the wheels little
as as possible.(If your vehicle
has the Enhanced Traction System, shift back and forth
between REVERSE(R) and FIRST (1) or SECOND(2),
spinning the wheels as
little as possible.) Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly
on
the accelerator pedal when the transaxleinisgear. If
that doesn’t get you out after a few tries, you may need
to be towed out.If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Vehicle”in the Index.
5-33
NOTES
@)
Section 6 S,erviceandAppearanceCare
Here you will find information about
the care of your
fuel
Buick. This section begins with service and
infoimation, and thenit shows howto check important
fluid and lubricantlevels. There is also technical
information about your vehicle,
and a part devoted to
its
appearance care.
We hope you’ll wantto keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine‘ GM parts have
one -ofthese marks:
Service
Your Buick dealer knows your vehicle best and wants
you to be happy with
it. We hope you’llgo to your
dealer for all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM
parts and GM-trained and supported service people.
Doing Your C vn Service Work
If you want to do some
of your own service work, you’ll
wint to get the proper Buick Service Manual.
It tells you
much more about how to service your Buick than this
manual can.To order the proper service manual, see
.
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
6-1
Your vehicle hasan air bag system. Before attempting to Fuel
Your Air
do yourown service work, see “Servicing
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated 87
at octane or
Bag-Equipped Buick”in the Index.
higher. At a minimum,it should meet, specifications
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
ASTM ‘D4814 in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93
the mileage and thedate of any setvice work you
in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been
‘perform. ‘See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers
Association (AAMA)for better vehicle performance
AAMA
and engine protection. Gasolines meeting the
CAUTIOPI specification could provide improved driveability
and edssion control system protection compared to
. other
You can be injured andyour vehicle could be gasolines.
damaged if you try todo service work on a
Be sure the posted octane
is at least87. If the octaneis
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
vehicle without knowing enough about it.
you
drive. If it’s bad enough,it can darnage your engine.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, and the properreplacement
If you’re using fuel rated 87
at octane or higherand you
stili hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
parts andtools before you attempt any
But
don’t worry if you hear
little
a pinging noise when
vehicle maintenance task.
you’re accelerating or driving uphill.
a That’s normal,
Be sure to use the proper nuts,bolts and
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel toridget
other fasteners.(‘English’’ and “metric”
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
fasteners canbe easily confused.If you use
you have a problem.
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
A
6-2
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If your vehicleis certified to meet California Emission To provide cleanerair,all gasolines are now required to
from.
contain additives thatwill help prevent deposits
Standards (indicatedon the underhood tune-uplabel), it
.formingin your engine andfuel system, allowing your
is designed to operate onfuels that meet California
specifications. If such fuels are not availablein states
emission control system to function properly. Therefore,
adopting California emissions
standards,,your vehicle.
you should not have
to.add anythmg tothe fuel. In
will operate satisfactorily on
fuels meeting federal
addition, gasolines containing oxygenates, such
as ethers
specifications, but emission control, system performanceand ethanol, and reformulated gasolines may be
available in your area to help clean the air. General
may be affected.The malfunction indicator lampon
turn on and/or your vehicle
your instrument panel may
if they
Motors recommends that you use these gasolines
may fail a smog-check test.If this occurs,r e h to your
comply with the specifications described earlier.
authorizedBuick dealer for diagnosis to determine the
I
cause of failure. In the event it is determined that the
NOTICE:
cause of the condition is the type of fuels used, repairs
may not be covered, by your*warran@
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
In Canada, some gasolines contain
ari octane enhancing
contains methanol. Don’tuse it. It can corrode
additive calledMMT. If you use suchfuels, your
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
emission control system performance may deteriorate
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
and the malfunction indicatorlarip on your instrument
panel may turnon. If this happens, return to your
be covered under your warranty.
authorized Buick dealer
for service.
6-3
I
,I
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
A CAUTION:
’
-
I
1
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don9tsmokeif you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames, and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
While refueling, hangthe cap inside the fuel
door.
To take off the cap,turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).
Pull upon the release lever to unlatch thefuel door. It is
located on the floor to the left
of the driver’s seat.
6-5
A CAUTION:
=
If you get gasoline on yourselfand then
L
NOTICE:
I
something ignites it, you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray outon you if you open the
fuel filler cap tooquickly. This spray can happen
if your tankis nearly full, .and is more likely in ’
hot weather. Open the fuelfil.ler cap slowly and
wait for any“hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the
way.
If you need a new cap, be sure toget the right
type. Yourdealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fitor have proper
venting, and your fueltank andemissions system
might be damaged.
\
Checking Things Under the Hood
I
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. ‘See “Cleaning
the
Outside of Your Buick” in the Index.
An electric fan under the
.hood can start up and
injure you even when the engineis not running.
When you put the cap back turn
on, it to the right until
you hear at least three clicks. Make sure you fully install Keep hands, clothingand tools away from any
underhood electric fan.
if the fuel
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine
off or improperly installed. This would
cap has been left
allow fuel to evaporate into the atmosphere. See
“Malfunction IndicatorLamp” in the Index.
,
,Things that burn can get
on hot engine parts and
start afire.These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber.
You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things thatwill burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
The following sectionstell you howto check fluids,
lubricants and important parts underhood.
To open the hood, first pull
the handle inside the
vehicle. It is locatedin the
area tothe left and beneath
the instrument panel.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release,
by moving the lever upward
and tothe right. Liftthe hood.
Before closingthe hood, be sureall the filter caps are on
properly. Thenpull the hood down and close
it firmly.
Underhood Lamp
-
Your parking lampsor .headlamps must be for
on the
underhood lamp to function when you open
the hoodi
6-7
i
1
2.4L (CODE T) Engine
When you open the hood, you’ll see-
A. Engine Coolant Surge Tank
B. Engine Oil Fill Cap
C. Engine Oil Dipstick
D. Automatic Transaxle Dipstick
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
F.
G.
H.
I.
Brake Fluid Reservoir
Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
Air Cleaner
Battery
3,lL .(CODE M) Engine
Mea.you
'.
open the. hood, you'
1. see:
,
E
G.
H.
I.
Brake Fluid Reservoir
Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir
Air Cleaner
Batterv
Engine Oil
CHECK
OIL
If the CHECK OIL light on
the instrument panel comes
on, it means you needto
oil level
check your engine
right away. For more
information, see “Check Oil
Light” in the Index.You
should check your engine
oil level regularly; thisis an
added. reminder.
It’s a good idea
to check your engine, oil every time
you
get fuel. In order to getan accurate reading, the
oil must
on level ground.
be warm and the vehicle must be
The engine oil, dipstick handle
is ye1.low.
6-10
..c.
.
- I. n
2.4L Engine
The engine oil dipstick onthe 2.4L engine is located on
the rearof the engine.
. - ,
;1-
."
3.1L Engine
The engine oil dipstick ont$e 3.1L engine is ibcated . .
dir'ectly behind.the engine fan.
Turn
- -. off the engine and give the oil a few &Utes to
qain back into the oil pan. If you don't, the oil'dipstick
mightnot show the actual level.
'
~
117
'
.
-
.,
L
11
Checking Engine.Oil
’
. .
2.4L Engine
The’engineoil,fill’cap.on the2.4L engine is located on
the left sideof the eng.ineby the coolant surgetank.
What Kind of Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified
by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol.This symbol
indicates thatthe oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute(API). Do not use anyoil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
3.1L Engine
The engine oil fill cap on the 3.1L V-6 engine is located
oil dipstick.
on thefront,of the engine near the engine
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the
proper operating range. Push the dipstick
all the way
back when you’re through.
‘
i
If you change your
own oil, be sure you
use oil that has the
Starburst symbol on
the front of the oil
container. If you have
your oil changed for
you, be surethe oil put
into your engine is
American Petroleum
Institute certifiedfor
gasoline engines.
n
You should also use the proper viscosity
oil for your
vehicle, as shownin the following chart:
6-13
-_
RECOMMENDED S& VISCOSITY GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VlSCOSlTT 6 a O E OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
HOT
WEATHER
LOOK
FOR MIS
SYMBOL
As shown in the chart,S A E 5W-30 is bestfor your
vehicle. However, you can use
S A E 1OW-30 if it’s going
to be 0“F (- 18.”C) or above. These’numberson an oil
container show its viscosity,
or thickness. Do not use
other viscosityoils, such as SAE 20W-50.
NOTICE:
“C
Use only engine oil. with the”American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline’ Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
+ 3a
+ 21
+ 16
+4
-7
GM Goodwrench@oil meets all the requirementsfor
your vehicle.
- 18
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your Buick dealer
is
ready to advise if you think something should be added.
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY 0,THER
GRADE OIL NOTRECOMMENDED
6-14’
When to Change EngineOil
.
See if any one of these is truefor you:
a Most trips are less than
5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
This is particularly important when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
0
Most trips include extensive idling (such
as frequent
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
a Most trips are through dusty areas.
a You frequently tow a trailer
or use a barrieron top of
your vehicle.
a The vehicle is usedfor delivery service, police, taxi
or other commercial application.
Driving under these conditions causes engine
oil to
break down sooner.If any one of these istnye for y o k
vehicle, then you need
to change youroil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km)or 3 months -- whichever
occurs fiist.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine
oil contains certain
elenients that may be unhealthy
for your skin and could’
oil stay on yourskin
even cause cancer? Don’t let used
for very long. Clean yourskin and nails withsoap and
or properly throw
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash
oil. (See
away clothingor rags containing used engine
the manufacturer’s warnings about
the use h d disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be areal threat tothe environment. If you
change your ownoil, be sure todrain all free-flowing oil
of oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose
by putting it in the trash, pouringit on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams or bodies
of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used If
oil.
you have a problem properly disposing
of your usedoil,
ask your dealer, a service station
or alocal recycling
center for help.
If none of them is true, change
the oil and filter every
7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months -- whichever
occurs first. Driving a vehicle with a fully warmed
.engineunder highway conditions causes engine
oil to
break down slower.
6-15
.Air Cleaner
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine when to
replace the air filter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services”in the Index.
-
A,CAUTION:
-
. ,
Operating theengine with the air cleaner off can
cause you or others tobe burned. The air cleaner
not only cleans the air, it stops flame
if the engine
backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine
backfires, you could be burned. Don’t drive with
it off, and be careful workingon the engine with
the aircleaner off.
The air cleaner is located on the driver’s ofside
the
engine compartment.
To check or replace the air filter:
1. Unscrew the four Phillips-head screws, then pull the
cover back.
NOTICE:
If the air cleaner is off, a backfire can cause
a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
2: Remove the air cleaner filter.
into yourengine, which willdamage it. Always
3. Be sure to install the air cleaner filter and replace the have the aircleaner inplace when you’re driving.
cover tightly.
6-16
How'to Check,
I
.
,it:
.:e,
this operation can be a little dif%cult, you may' .;:.,:
.B,ecause
.
i ?. ,
,/'
k'hoose 'to have' this' done 'atyaw Buick dealemhip
> . q...
&y '
Service Department.
,.
;fL::!:,
If you ,doit yoimelf, be sure to.follow a l l the instn&tions ;1 ' ?,.E,
.E:
here, or you could get a false readink on the,dipstick.
$
:
&
-%
I
"
.-
~
>!
,
' r-<..>-'.>,-
I;+&
Too
much.or $00 1itt.le.fluidcam damage your
. '
j
tranqaxle. Tho-mdchcan
&at some &.the
fluid ,couldcomeiiut ttn,d.
hot engine parts.
. or exhaust system parts, stai"ting-a fire.
Be'.sureta
get accurate readingif you check your
. transaxle fluid.
m
&
.&
,
a
n
,
Wait at least30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid levelif you have been driving:
When outside temperaturesare above 90°F (32"C).
0
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
three secondsin each range. Then, position the
shift
levFr in PARK (P).
Let the enginerun at idlefor three to five minutes.
Then, without shuttingoff the engine, follow these
steps:
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading,
the fluid should be at normal
operating temperature, which
is 180°F to 200°F
(82°C to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed by
up driving about15 miles
(24 km)when outside temperatures are above
50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than50°F (lO°C), you may have
to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
0 Park your vehicleon a level place. Keep the engine
running.
0 With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
0 With your foot on the brake pedal, move
the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing
for about
6-18
1. The automatic transaxle dipstick handleis red. Pull
out the dipstick and wipe
it with a dean rag or paper
towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pullit back out again.
3. Check both sides of the
dipstick, and readthe
.
lower level. The fluid
level must bein the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick backin all the way.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough
of the proper
fluid to bringthe level into the cross-hatched area,on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick holeto bring it to the proper level.It doesn’t
take muchfluid, generally less than a pint(0.5L).
Don’t overjill. We recommend you use onlyfluid
labeled DEXRON@-III,because fluid with that label
is made especiallyfor your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other than DEXRON@-III
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
After addingfluid, recheck the fluid levelas
described under “How to Check.”
When the correct fluid levelis obtained, push the
dipstick back inall the way.
6-19
-
Engine Coolant
The cooling system
in your vehicleis filled withnew
DEX-COOL(orange-colored,silicate-free)engine
coolant. This coolant is designedto remain in your
vehicle for 5 years or.100,000miles (166 000 km)?
whichever occursfiist.
The following explains your cooling system and how
to add coolant when
it is low. If you have a problem
with engine overheating,
see “Engine Overheating”in
the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and the proper coolant
for
your Buick will:
0 Give freezing protection down to
-34°F (-37°C).
0
Give boiling protection up to265,”F(129°C).
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
0
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights and gages work as they
should.
I
6-20
NOTICE:
When adding coolant it is important
that’you
use DEX-COOL (orange-colored,silicate-free)
coolant meetingGM Specification 6277M.
If silicated coolant is addedto the system,
premature engine, heater core or radiator
corrosion may result. In addition, the engine
coolant will require change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 kin) or 24 months
whichever occurs first.
--
What to Use
Use a mixtureof one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-half DEX-COOL (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze that meets
GM Specification
6277M, which won’t damage aluminum parts. Use
Part
GM Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer) (GM
No. 3634621) with any complete coolant change.
If you
use this mixture, you don’t need to add anything else.
TM
NOTICE:
Adding only plain water to your cooling
system
can be dangerous. Plainwater, or some other
liquid likealcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mix will. Your vehicle’scoolant warning
system is set for theproper coolant mix. With
plain water or thewrong mix, your enginecould
get too hot but you wouldn’t get the overheat
warning. Your engine could catch fire andyou or
others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water andDEX-COOL (orange-colored,
silicate-free) antifreeze.
If you use an improper coolantmix, your engine
could overheat andbe badly damaged. The
repair cost wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Too much waterin the mix can freeze
and crack theengine, radiator, heater core and
other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
TM
NOTICE:
If you use the propercooiant, you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives
which claim to
improve thesystem. These can be harmful.
6-21
Checking
Coolant
,
A CAUTION:
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
Never turn the surge tank pressure capeven a
little when the engine and radiator are hot.
--
--
When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
the FULL COLD mark.
If this light comes on,
it
means you're low on engine
coolant.
The surge tank is located on the passenger's of
side
the
engine compartment.
LOW
COOLANT
I
I
.Surge Tank Pressure Cap
A CAUTION:
Power Steering Fluid
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, unscrew
the cap
and wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace
the cap
and completely tightenit. Then remove the cap again
and look at the fluid level
on the dipstick.
C mark. If necessary, add only
The level should be at the
‘enough fluid to bring the level up to the mark.
What to,Use
Refer to thehamenance Schedule to determine what
kind of fluid to use. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index. Always use the proper fluid.
Failure to use the proper fluid can cause leaks and
damage hoses and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
When to Check Power Steering Fluid
What to Use
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system orWhen you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
If you will be
the manufacturer’s instructions before use.
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid in
loss
this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected operating your vehiclein an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid that has sufficient
and repaired.
protection against freezing.
I.
6-24
I
Adding Washer Fluid
Open thecap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
is full.
washer fluid until the tank
NOTICE:
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluid
tank and
other partsof the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluidtank only 3/4 full
when it’s very cold. This allows for
expansion, which could damage thetank if
it is completely full.
Don’t use radiator antifreeze in your
windshield washer. It can damage your
washer system and paint.
6-25
Brakes
Brake Fluid
brake lining wear. When newlinings are put in, the
fluid level goes back up. The other reason is that fluid
is leaking out of the brake system.If it is, you should
have your brake system fixed, since a leak means that
sooner or lateryair brakes won't work well, or won't
work at all.
...
So, it isn't a good idea to "top
off" your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won't correctleak.
a If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, thenyou'll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings.
You should add
(or remove) brake fluid,
as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake.hydraulic system.
A CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservo; is here. It is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons
why the brake fluid levelin
the reservoir might go down,
The first is that the brake
an acceptable level during normal
fluid goes down to
6-26
-
If you have too much brake fluid, can
it spill on the
engine. The fluidwill burn if the engineis hot
enough. You or others could be burned, and your
only
vehicle could be damaged. Add brake fluid
when work is done on the brake hydraulic system.
BRAKE
When your brakefluid falls
to alow level, your brake
warning light will come on.
See “Brake SystemW a g
Light” in the Index.
With the wrong kindof fluid in yourbrake
system, your brakes may not work well, or they
may not even work at all. This could cause a
crash. Always use the proper brakefluid.
NOT1C.E:
What toAdd
When you,do need brakefluid, use onlyDOT-3 brake
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme 11 (GM Part
No. 1952535). Use new brake
fluid from a sealed
the brake fluid
container only, and always clean
reservoir cap before removingit.
0
@
0
’
.
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. Forexample, just a’;few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brakesystem can damagebrake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kindof fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish be
can
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle. If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
\
,
6-27
Brake Wear
.
,
1
.
.
Your .Buickhas .frontdisc brakes. md reb drum Idakes.
Disc brake pads havebuilt-hiwear indicators thatmake
a high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads
ae
worn and new pads are deeded.The-sound maycdme and
go or be heardall the time your vehicle,is ,moving(except
when you are pushing on the brake pedal firmly). , .
\
!
.
’
A CAUTION:
-
-
I
“l
.
.
The brake wear warning sound means that
sooner or later your brakes won’t work well.
That could lead to an accident, When you hear
the brake wear warning sound, have your
vehicle
serviced.
-
/
NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
it is new. When
parts in them, as your Buick does when
See your dealerif the brake pedal does not return to
you replace parts of your braking system-- for example,
normal height, orif there is a rapid increasein pedal
when your brakelinings-wear down and you have to have
travel. This could be a signof brake trouble.
new ones put in-- be sure,youget new genuine GM
replacement parts.If you don’t, your brakes may
no
Brake Adjustment
longer work properly. For example,
if someone putsin
Every time you make a moderate brake
stop, your disc
brake linings that are wrong for your vehicle, the balance
brakes adjustfor wear. If you rarely
make-a moderateor
-- for the
between your front and rear brakes can change
heavier stop, then your brakes might not adjust correctly.
worse. The braking performance you’ve come to expect
If you drivein that way, then-- very carefully-- make
if someone putsin the
can change in many other ways
1,000 miles
a few moderate brake stops about every
wrong replacement brake parts.
(1 600 km), so your brakes .will adjust properly.
Brake Pedal Travel
If your brake pedal goes down
farther than normal, your Battery
Every new Buick has a Delco Freedom@ battery. You
rear drum brakes may need adjustment. Adjust them
by
to of these. When it’s time
backing up and firmly applying the brakes a few times. never have to add waterone
for a new battery, we recommend a ’Delco Freedom@
Replacing Brake System Parts
battery. Get one that has the replacement number shown
on the original battery’s label.
The braking system on a modern vehicle
is complex. Its
of top quality and work well
many parts have to be
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
6-29
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not going to drive your
vehicle,for25 days or
more, takeoff the black, negative(-) cable from the
battery. This will help keep your battery from running
down,
Batteries have acid that can burnyou and gas
that can explode. You can be badly hurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tipson working around a batterywithout
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learn how
to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
Bulb Replacement
Halogen Bulbs
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gasinside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the
bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
fouow the instructionson the,bulb package.
Headlamps
When replacing a headlamp,
do not touch the glass
portion of the new halogen bulb.The oil from your
fiigers will shorten the life of ,yournew halogen
bulb. For the type
of bulb, see “Replacement Bulbs”
in the Index.
1. Raise the hood. Onthe driver’s side, locatethe
To remove the access
headlamp bulb access cover.
cover retainers, turn them one-quarter
of a turn
Pry up
counterclockwise and slide them to the left.
on the button fastener
on the upperleft of the panel
andl liftthe cover off. On the passenger’s side,
proceed to Step 2.
2. Remove the top two bolts andlift the headlamp
assembly upward.
3. Twist the lock ring clockwise one-sixth
of a turn.
6-31
4. Pull the bulb/socket straight out from the
access cover.
5. Remove the wire connectorfrom the bulb by lifting
the lock tab and pulling
it away from the plastic
base.
6 . Replace the bulb.
7. Reverse the proceduresto reinstall the headlamp
bulb.
6-32
Taillamps
For thetype of bulb, see “Replacement Bulbs”in the
Index.
2. Carefully pushone end of the plastic taillamp brace
in while pulling the brace toward front
the of the
vehicle.
1. Pull back the trunk trim.
6-33
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
of the socket.
3. Gently wiggle the bulb out
4. Replace the bulb.
5. Reverse the steps to reassemble the taillamp.
Replacement blades comesin different types and are
see
removed in different ways. .For proper blade size,
“Capacities and Specifications” in the Index. Here’s
how
to remove the type with a release clip:
1. Pull the windshield wiperarm away from the
windshield.
2. Lift the release clip with a screwdriver and pull the
blade assembly off the wiperarm.
3. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper
arm.
6-34
Tires
We don’t maketires. Your new Buick comes with
high-quality tires made by a leading tire manufacturer.
If you ever have questions about your tire
warranty and
where to obtain service,see your Buick Warranty
booklet for details.
‘1
Poorly maintained and improperly
used tires are
dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a resultof too much friction.
You could have an air-out anda serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
Underinflated’tirespose the same dangeras
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury.
Check all tires
frequently to.maintain the
recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should
be checked
when your tiresare cold.
Overinflated tires are morelikely to be
cut, punctured or broken
by a sudden
impact == such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can causeaccidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tireshave
been damaged, replacethem.
6-35,
,
I
Tire Inspection-and :Rotation
’
Tires .should be inspected every
6,000 to 8,000 .miles
(10 000 to 1 3 O O O , ~for.any
~)
sighs o ~ m u s u a ~ w .If
m.
unuSUa1 wear is present, rotateyour tires assoon as
possible and check wheel ,aJigninent.
Also check for
dat;naged tires mwheels. See “When It’s Time for New
‘Tires”,and “Whqel Replacement” laterin this section for
more information.
.j
The purposeof regular rotationis to achieve more
first
uniform wear forall tires on the vehicle. The
rotation is fie most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services”in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
!
i
I
Rust or dirt
an a wheelj or on the parts towhich
i# is fastened, can make wheel’nuts become loose
‘aftera time. The wheel could come off and cause
an accident. When you.change a.whee1, remove
any rust or dirt
fro’m places where the wheel.
attaches-to the vehicle. In an’emergency,you ~ r n
use a cloth or a paper kowel to do this; but be
sure tou’sea scraper orwire. brush later,:if you
need to, to get all the rustor dirt .off.(See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in theIndex.)
’
’
L
’
.
The tire has aW p , bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cutor other damage that
One way totell when it’s
can’t be repairedwell because of the size or location
time for new tires is to
damage.
of the
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
Buying New Tires
appear when your tires have
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
the Tire-Loading Information label.
less of tread remaining.
.
You need a new tire if any
of the following statements
are true:
\
The tires installedon your vehicle when
it was new had
a .Tire Performance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC
Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue to have tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle.If your tires have an all-season tread
design, theP C number will be followed
by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
0
You can see the indicators at three
or more places
around the tire.
0
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
You can see cord orfabric showing throughthe tire’s
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
rubber.
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
enough to show cord or fabric.
0
! I -
/11 CAUTION:
-
I
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or type!
(radial andbias-belted tires),the vehicle may no1
handle properly,and you could havea crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to yourvehicle. Be sure touse the same
size and type tireson all four-wheels.
It's all right to drive with your compact spare,'
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to
the system
developed by the UnitedStates National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires
by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance.
in the United States.)
(This applies only to vehicles sold
..
The grades are moldedon the sidewallsof most
passenger car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading
system does not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal-rimdiameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
While the tires available on General
Motors'passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they mustalso conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Treadwear
The treadwear gradeis a comparative rating based on
the wear rateof the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For.
example, a tire graded
150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on
the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performanceof tires depends
upon the actual conditionsof their use, however, and
may depart significantly
from the norm,dueto variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences
in
road characteristics and climate.
t
-
Traction A,.B, C
Warning: The temperature grade
for this tireis
established for a tire thatis properly inflated and not
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, A,
areB,
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
and C , and they represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
of asphalt and
specified government test surfaces
concrete. A tire markedC may have poor traction
performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire
is based
on braking (straightahead) traction tests and does not
include Cornering (turning) traction.
,
-
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
tire life,
carefully at the factory to give you the longest
and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need to have your wheels
aligned again. However, if you notice unusual tire wear
or your vehicle pulling one way the
or other, the
alignment may needto be reset.If you notice your
vehicle’vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your
wheels may need to be rebalanced.
Temperature A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest),B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance
to the generationof
heat andits ability to dissipate heat
when.testedunder
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
Wheel Replacement
life,
material of the tire to degenerate ahd reduce tire and
Replace any wheel thatis bent, cracked,or badly rusted
excessive temperature can lead
to sudden tire failure.
or corroded.If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
The grade C corresponds to a levelof performance
If the
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced.
which all passenger car tires must meet under
the
it (except some aluminum
wheel leaks air, replace
Federal MotorVehicle Safety StandardNo. 109. Grades
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired).
See your
B andA represent higher levelsof performance on the
of
these
conditions
exist.
Buick
dealer
if
any
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
I
6-40
I
Your dealer will know the kind
of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have
the same load carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way asthe one it replaces.
If you need to replace any
of your wheels, wheel bolts
GM original
or wheel nuts, replace them only with new
equipment parts.This way, you will be sureto have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts
for your Buick
model.
A CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacementwheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be dangerous.
It could affect the braking and handling
of your
vehicle, make your tireslose air and makeyou
lose control. You could have acollision in which
you or otherscould be injured. Always usethe
’i correct wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for
’ replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrongwheel can also cause problems
with bearing life, brake cooling,
speedometer/ odometer calibration, headlamp
aim, bumperheight, vehicle ground clearance
and tire or tire chain clearance tobody
the and
chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” inthe Index for more
information.
Used Replacement Wheels
A CAUTION:
Putting a used wheel onyour vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how many miles it’s beendriven. It could fail
suddenly andcause an accident. If you have to
replace awheel, use a new GM original
equipment wheel.
I
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
If your Buick has P195/65R15 or P205155R16 size
tires, don’t use tire chains. They can damage
your vehicle.
If you have other tires,use tire chainsonly where
legal and only when youmust. Use only SAE
Class “S” type chains that are the propersize for
your tires. Install them
on the front tires and
tighten them as tightly possible
as
with the ends
securely fastened. Driveslowly and follow the
chain manufacturer’s instructions.
If you can
hear thechains contacting your
vehicle, stop
and retightenthem. If the contactcontinues,
slow down until itstops. Driving too fast or
spinning thewheels with chains on will damage
your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame
if you strike a
part of the vehicle. Someare
match or get them on a hot
dangerous if you breathe their fumes
in a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to clean your
Buick, be sure to follow
the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions.And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
0 Gasoline
Benzene
0
Naphtha
CarbonTetrachloride
.
Acetone
PaintThinner
0
Turpentine
0
LacquerThinner
0
Nail Polish Remover
They canall be hazardous-- some.morethan
others -- and they canall damage your vehicle, too.
6-42
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
Using Foam-Type Cleaneron Fabric
0
Vacuum andbrush the area to remove any loose
dirt.
0
Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitchor welt lines.
0
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following
the
directions,on the container label.
,
0
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Use a vacuum cleaner often to getofrid
dust andloose
dirt. Wipe vinylor leather with aclean, damp cloth.
0
Don’t saturate the material.
0
Don’t rubit roughly.
0
0
0
Alcohol
LaundrySoap
Bleach
ReducingAgents
Cleaning the Inside of Your Buick
Your Buick dealer has two GM cleaners, a solvent-type 0 As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
spot -lifterand a foam-type powdered cleaner. They will to remove the suds.
clean normal spots and stains very well.
Do not use
0 Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
them on vinyl or leather.
0 Wipe off ‘what’sleft with a slightly damp paper towel
Here are some cleaning tips:
or cloth.
0 Always read the instructions on the cleanerlabel.
0 Then dryit immediately with a blow dryer.
0 Clean up stains as soon as you
can -- before they set.
0 Wipe with a clean
cloth.
0 Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area
often. A soft brush maybe used if stains are stubborn.
0 Use solvent-type cleaners
in a well-ventilated area
only. If you use them, don’t saturate the stained area.
0 If a ringforms after spot cleaning, clean
the entire
area immediatelyor it will set.
1
\
6-43
Follow the solvent-type instructions described
earlier.
Using Solvent-Type Cleaner on Fabric
.
.
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleanerall.
at
Some spots and stains will clean off better just
with
water and mild soap.
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain
if left on a vehicle’s seat fabric. They should be
removed as soon as possible. Be careful, because
may cause them
the cleanerwill dissolve them and
to spread.
0
If you need to use a solvent:
Gently scrape excess soilfrom the trim material with
a clean, dull knife or scraper. Use very little cleaner,
Non-Greasy Stains
light pressure and clean cloths (preferably
cheesecloth). Cleaning should start the
at outside of
Stains causedby catsup, coffee (black), egg,
fruit, fruit
the stain, “feathering” toward the center. Keep
juice, milk, soft drinks, wine, vomit, urine and blood can
changing to a clean section
of the cloth.
be removed as follows:
0 When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
dry the area with a blow dryer
to help prevent a
soiled area-withcool water.
cleaning ring.
If a~stainremains, followthe foam-type instructions
described earlier.
Special Cleaning Problems
j
‘
Greasy or Oily Stains
Stains causedby grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe
polish, coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic.
creams, vegetable oils, wax crayon, tar and asphalt can
be removed as follows:
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
6-44
0
0
0
~
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with waterbaking
a
soda solution:
l‘teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
If needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
combination Stains
Stains causedby candy, ice cream, mayonnaise,chili
sauce and unknown stains
can be removed as follows:
0
Carefully scrapeoff excess stain, then clean with
cool water and allow to
dry.
If a stain remains, cleanit with solvent-type cleaner.
Cleaning Vinyl
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt.
You
may have todo it more than once.
Things likeasphalt
tar,
shoe
polish
and
stain
ifwill
you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth and
a GM Vinyl/Leather Cleaneror equivalent product.
Cleaning Leather
Use asoft cloth with lukewasm. water and
a mild soap or
saddle soap.
0
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even makeit difficult tosee through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Care of Safety Belts
Keep belts clean and
dry.
/A CAUTION:
-
Do not bleach or dye safety belts.
If you do, it
may severely weaken them., In a crash they might
not be able to provide adequate protection.
Clean safety belts only with mild soap and
lukewarm water.
For stubborn stains, Use a GM Vinyl/Leather Cleaner
or equivalent product.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-basedor abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled leather should be cleaned immediately. If dirt is
allowed to work into the finish, it can harm the leather.
6-45
Clean the outsideof h e windshield with GM Windshield
Part No. 1050011).
Cleaner, Bon-Ami Powder@ (GM
The windshield is clean
if beads do not form when,_you
rinse it with water.
Glass
Glass .shouldbe cleaned often.GM-GlassCleaner (GM
‘PartNo. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
*.willremove normal tobacco smoke and dust films.
Clean the blade by wiping vigorously with a cloth
‘Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, becausemay
they
,
soaked in full-strength windshield washer solvent. Then
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear rinse the blade with
water.
off later. If
window, since they may have to be scraped
Wiper blades should be checked on a regular basis and
abrasive cleanersare used on the inside
of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged. replaced when worn.
Any temporary license should not be ‘attached across the
Weatherstrips
defogger grid.
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
Cleaning the Outsideof the
longer, seal better, and not stick
or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least.six
every
Windshield and Wiper Blades
months. During very cold, damp weather more frequent
If the windshield’
is not clear after using the windshield application may be re.quired. (See “Recommended
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, waxFluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.)
or other material
may be on the blade or windshield.
’
6-46
-. .
.
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Buick
The paint finishon your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
Your Buick has a --Dasecoat/clearcoat” paint finish.
The clearcoat gives more depth and glosstheto
colored basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that
are non-abrasive and made
for a basecoat/clearcoat
paint finish.
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s
f i s h is to keep
NOTICE:
it often with lukewarm or cold water.
it clean by washing
Don’t wash your vehicle
in the direct raysof the sun,
Machine compounding or aggressive polis,hing on
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps. a base,coat/clearcoat paint finish may dull the
finish orIeave swirl marks.
Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum based,
or
All cleaning agents
that contain acid or abrasives.
should be flushed promptly and not alloweddry
to on
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
the surface,or they could stain. Dry the
finish with a
salts, ice melting agents, road
oil and tar, tree sap, bird
cotton towel to avoid
soft, clean chamois or 100%
a
droppings, chemicalsfrom industrial chimneys, etc. can
surface scratches and water spotting.
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain
on painted
High pressure car washes may cause water
to enter
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon
as possible. If
your vehicle.
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
Finish Care
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of your Buick by
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
hand may be necessary to remove residue
from the paint
of years. ‘Youcan help to keep the paint finish looking
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
new by keeping,your Buick garaged or covered
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” whenever possible.
in the Index.)
6-47
NOTICE:
When applyinga tire dressing always take care
to
wipe off any oversprayor splash ftom all painted
surfaces on,the bodyor wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the paint
.
,
finish. ,
' . .
L
.
.
r
Sheet Metal Damage.:
"
If )'OW vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
kepair or replacement, make sure,the bodyrepair'shop
appIiesfaati-corrosionmaterial to the
repaired or,
replacedtorestore corrosion protection.
part;,
~.
1
:
Finish Damage
Any stonechips, fractures or deep scratches
in the finish
should be repaired right
away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Minor chipsand'scratchescan be repaired with touch-up
materials availablefrom your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areasof finish damage can be corrected
in your dealer's body and paint shop.
At least every spring, flush these materials
from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
Dirt packed in closed areas
and other debris can collect.
of the frame should be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody vehicle washing system
can do thisfor,you.
Chemical Paint Spotting
Some weather and atmospheric conditions
can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can
fall upon and
Underbody Maintenance
attack painted surfaces
on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
Chemicals usedfor ice and snow removal and dust
,
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on the the paint surface.
underbody parts such asfuel lines, frame, floor pan, and
Although no defect
in the paint job causes this., Buick
exhaust system even though they have corrosion
will repair, at no charge
to the owner, the surfacesof
protection.
new vehicles damaged bythis fallout condition within
12 months or 12,000miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
6-49
Appearance Care'.Materials Chart
6-50
-
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service Parts IdentificationLabel’
You’ll find this labelon the decklid. It’s very helpful if
you ever needto order parts. On this label is:
1
I
7
I111111111111111
II11111111111111111ll11
-I I111111111Ill1111111111111111111II 111111111111111111111111
kd
ENGINE
CODE
SAMPLE4UXTM072675
, /
(GMI
41 \ PLANT
ASSEMBLY
%6
MODEL YEAR
This is the legal identifierfor your Buick.It appears on
a platein the front corner of the instrument panel,on the
driver’s side.You can see it if you look throughthe
windshield from outside your vehicle.
The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels andthe certificates of title and registration.
your VIN,
the model designation,
paint information, and
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label
is not removedfrom the vehicle.
Engine Identification
The eighth characterin your VIN is the engine code.
This code will help you identify your engine,
specifications, and replacement parts.
6-51
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
The wiring circuitsin your car are protected from short
circuits by a combinationof fuses, circuit breakers and
fusible thermal linksin the wiring itself. This greatly
reduces thechmce of fires caused by electrical
problems.
If the
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse.
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a badfuse with a new oneof the identical size
and rating.
If you ever have a problem the
on road anddon't have a
spare fuse, you can borrowone that hasthe same
amperage. Just pick a featureof your vehicle thatyou
can get along without-- like the radioor cigarette
lighter -- and use itsfuse, if it is the correct amperage.
Replace it as soon asyou can.
There are twofuse blocks in your vehicle: the
instrument panelfuse block and theengine compartment
fuse block.
The mainfuse panel is located on theleft side of the
instrument panel.'To access the fuses, open the fuse
panel door.
6-53
Usage
I
I
Usage
Power Window (Circuit Breaker)
.
.
&armMod& w a t e d Entry?
'
..
Warning Chimes,' OverheadLmps;
Map/Redding Lamps, GloveBox
,Lamp, Tkunk Larhp, Radio,Power.
Mirrors), Anti-Lock Brakes, Remote
Keyless
Entry
.
I
I
PWRST .
power seat
RDO IGN
Radio
HTR-A/C
Heater/Air ConditioningBlower,
Daytime R d g Lamps and
Automatic'Light Control (I
equipped)
€
I
CRUISE
TAlz LPS
T m ,Signal Lamps
LTR
, '
,
Cruise Contrd
.
.
.
.
.
.
I
i
Parking LAPS,Taillamps, Sidemarker
' ~ a m p sLicense
,
~ a m p sInsgument
,
Panel Lights, Underhood Lamp,
.
Headlamp WarningA
lm
Cigarette Lighter,Axkiliary Power
Outlet
Fuse
Usage
Usage
WIPER
Windshield
Wipers/Washers
02
Heated Oxygen Sensors
DR UNLK
AutomaticDoorUnlock
Fuse
Instrument
INST
Cluster
STOP HAZ
Stoplamps, Hazard Lamps, Anti-Lock
Brakes
ALARM
Automatic
Transaxle,
Automatic
Door
Unlock, Alarm Module (Illuminated
Entry, Warning Chimes), Traction
Telltale, Rear Window Defogger,
Remote Keyless Entry
PCM
Powertrain Control Module
DR LK 1
Door Locks
INST LPS
Instrument Panel Lights
RR DEF
Rear Window Defogger
FOG/FTP
Flash
to
Pass
HDLP
Heaqamps, Daytime Running Lamps
(If equipped) (Circuit Breaker)
PRNDL
Instrument Cluster, Powertrain
Computer, Park-Lock Solenoid,
Electronic PRNDL
DR LK 2
Door Locks
AIR BAG
Air Bag-Power .
HORN
Horn, Service Tool Power
Steering Wheel Controls(If Equipped)
Fuse Panel
Your steering wheel controls are protected by fuses. For
service, contact your Buick Service Department.
6-55
I
Fuse
Usage
F/P INJ
Fuel Pump,Fuel Injectors
ERLS
Back-up Lamps, Canister Purge
Valve,
EGR,Automatic Transaxle,
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock,
Anti-Lock Brakes, Air Conditioning
compressor, Park Lock Solenoid
ABs/Evo
Anti-Lock Brake Solenoids
IGN MOD
Ignition System
The engine compartmentfuse block is located on the
driver's sideof the engine compartment, near the
battery.
Fuse
Usage
HVAC BLO Heater/Air Conditioner-High Blower.
Generator-Voltage Sense
MOT
PCM B A m
Powertrain Computer
CLG FAN
Engine Cooling Fan
HDLP
Lighting Circuits
STOP LPS
PWR ACC
RR DEFG
Power Accessories. Stoplamp Circuits.
Rear Window Defogger
ABS
Anti-Lock Brakes
IGN SW
Ignition Switched Circuits
I
Replacement Bulbs
OUTSIDE LAMPS
BULB
Headlamp .............................
9004
Parking/Turn ........................
2057NA
FrontSidemarker .......................
1.94
Back-up .............................
2057
HighLevel Stop .......................
1141
194
License ...............................
RearSidemarker .........................
194
Tail ..................................
194
Tail/Stop/Turn .........................
3057
INSIDE LAMPS
Ashtray ...............................
161
FootwellCourtesy .......................
194
Front Reading Lamps ....................
168
168
WithoutSunroof ......................
With Sunroof ........................
. 2 14-2
Rear Reading ...........................
168
161
GloveBox ..............................
T r ~ n k.................................
906
906
Underhood .............................
Vanity Mirror .........................
7065
6-57
Capacities and Specifications
I
Engine Crankcase
2.4LEngine .............................................................
4 quarts (3.8L)
3.1L Engine ........................................
.'................... 4.5 quarts (4.3L)
Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement..............................................
6.a quarts (5.7L)
After Complete Overhaul ................................................
8.0 quarts (7.6L)
When draining or replacing torque converter, more fluid may be needed.
j
Cooling System
2.4L Engine .........................................................
11.3 quarts (10.7L)
3.1L Engine ..........................................................
13.6 quarts (12.9L)
See refrigerant charge label under hood.
Refrigerant, Air Conditioning .........................
FuelTank ..........................................................
15.2 gallons (57.5L)
Tire Pressures, Sizes.....................................
See Tire-Loading Information label
on driver's door.
Wheel Nut Torque ....................................................
100 lb-ft (140 Nam)
Windshield Wiper Blade (Pin Type)
Length ...............................................................
19inches (48cm)
PartNumber ......... .......................................................
2155381
Note: All capacities are approximate. When adding, be sure
fillto
to the appropriatelevel or as recommended
in this manual.
6-58
2.4L Engine Specifications
VIN Engine Code ....... ..................
Type ..................................
Horsepower ............................
Firingorder ............................
Thermostat Temperature ...................
T
L4
150
1-3-4-2
180°F (82°C)
3.1L Engine Specifications
VIN Engine Code ........................
Type ....................................
Horsepower ............................
Firingorder ............................
Thermostat .Temperature ..................
M
V6
155
1-2-3-4-5-6
195°F (91°C)
6-59
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
eaner
Air
.2.4L ......................
3.1L ......................
Type
Engine Oil Filter
2.4L .........................
3.1L ..........................
Plugs
he
’
Spark
2.4L
3.1L
AC Twe A-1233C
Height
AC
A-1233C
.rA
Coupe ........... :. . . . . 53.5 inches (136.0 cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53.5 inches (136.0 cm)
Wheelbase
AC Type PF-44
Coupe .................103.4 inches (262.7 cm)
ACType PF-47Sedan
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103.4inches(262.7cm)
Tread
....................... Type
AC
041-910
Coupe
Gap: 0.060 inch (1.52mm)
Front
.......................
Rear Tread
Coupe . . . ............. 55.3 inches (140.4 cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.3 inches (140.4 cm)
AC Type 041-910
Gap: 0.060 inch (1.52 mm)
.
Dimensions
Length
Refrigerants
ConditioningAir
Coupe ................. 188.4 inches (478.5 cm)
If
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189.2inches(480.5 Cm)
the air conditioning system in your
needs
refrigerant,
be Width
is used. If
Coupe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74.1inches(188.2cm)you’renotsure,askyourBuickdealer.
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74.1 inches (1 88.2 cm)
a
sure
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.8 inches
(141.7
cm)
Sedan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55.8 inches (141.7 cm)
.
’I
NOTES
6-61
NOTES
6-62
Section 7 MaintenanceSchedule
I
I
IMPORTANT:
KEEP'ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGE AS
RECOMMENDED
Introduction
I
Your Vehicle and the Environment
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, butalso helps the
environment. All recarpmended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
This sectioncoversthemaintenancerequiredforyour
. affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
.Buick.Your vehicle needs these services to retain
its
safety, dependability and emission control performance. of emissions from your vehicle.To help protect our '
environment, and to keep your vehicle
in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
F
I
Protection
Plan
,
Have you purchased the GM Protection'Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty andOwner Assistance booklet, or your Buick
dealer for details.
7-1
How This Section is Organized
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services”tells you what
stop for fuel. It also
should be checked whenever you
The remainder of this sectionis divided intofive parts:
explains what you can easily do to help keep your
vehicle in good condition.
“Part A:- Scheduled Maintenance Services”
shows
what to have done and how
often’. Some of these
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”explains
so unless you &e technically
services can be complex,
important inspections that your Buick dealer’s
service
qualified and have
the necessary equipment, you should department or another qualified service center should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified perform.
service centerdo these jobs.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”lists
some productsGM recommends to help keep your
vehicle properly maintained. These products,
or their
CAUTION:
equivalents, should be used whether
you do the work
I
. .
yourself or haveit done.
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can “Part E: Maintenance Record”’provides a placefor
you to record the maintenance performed on your
Be seriously injured.Do your own maintenance
vehicle. Whenever any maintenance
is performed, be
work only if you havethe’required know-how
This will help you
sure to writeit down in this part.
and the proper tools and equipment for the job. determine when your next maintenance should be done.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
In addition, it is a good idea to keep your maintenance
technician do the work.
receipts. They may be needed to’ qualify your vehicle
for
warranty repairs.
A
If you are skilled enough to do some work on your
.vehicle,you will probably wantto get the service
information GM publishes. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
7-2
‘
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
,UsingYour Maintenance Schedule
The properfluids ind lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
these. All parts should be replaced and all necessary
repairs done before you
or anyone else drives the
vehicle.
We at General Motors want to help you
keep your
These schedules arefor vehicles that:
vehicle in gbod working condition. Butwe don’t know
0 carry passengers and cargo within recommended
exactly how you’ll drive
it. You may drive very short
limits. You will find these limitson your vehicle’s
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
,Tire-Loading Information label.
See “Loading Your
long distancesall the timein very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries.
Or you
Vehicle” in the Index.
may driveit to work, todo errands or in many other
are drivenon reasonable road surfaces within legal
ways.
driving limits.
GM,
Because of all the different ways people use their
0 use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
vehicles, maintenance needs vary.
You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll findSelecting the Right Schedule
in the schedules in this section.So please read this
First you’ll need to decide which
of the two schedulesis
section andnote how you drive. If you have any
right for your vehicle. Here’s
how to decide which
questions on how to keep your vehiclein good
schedule
to
follow:
condition, see your Buick dealer.
This parttells you the maintenance servicesyou should
If you
have doneand when you should schedule them.
go to your dealer
for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuineGM parts.
7-3
Maintenance Schedule
I
TriplCity
Short
Definition
I I Short lkip/City Intervals ’
____
I
Every 3,000 Miles (5 000 km): Engiile Oil and Filter
Change (or3 months, whichever occurs first).
Every 6,000 Miles (10000 km): Chassis Lubrication‘
e Most trips areless than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km).
(or 6 months, whichever occurs first).
This is particularly important
when outside
temperatures are below freezing.
At 6,000 Miles(10 000 km) Then Every
12,000 Miles (20000 km): Tire Rotation.
e Most trips include extensive idling (such as frequent
Every 15,000 Miles (25000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
driving in stop-and-go traffic).
Inspection, if driving in dusty conditions.
e Most trips are. through dusty areas.
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
0 You frequently tow a trailer
or use ac m e r on topof
Replacement. FuelTank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
your vehicle. (With some models,’ you should never
Every 50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaile
in the Index.)
tow a trailer. See “Towing a Trailer”
Service (severe conditions only).
e If the vehicleis used for delivery service, police,
Every 60,000 Miles(100 000 km): Engine Accessory
taxi, or other commercial application.
Drive Belt Inspection.
One.of the reasons you shouldfollow this scheduleif
Every 100,000 Miles (166000 km): Cooling System
you operate your vehicle under anyof these conditions
Service (or every 60 months, whichever occurs first).
is that these conditions cause engine oilto break down
Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
sooney.
These intervals only summarize maintenanceservices.
Be sure to follow the complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
Follow the Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
if any
one of these conditionsis true for your vehicle:
-
%
?
Maintenance Schedule
Long Trip/Highway Definition
Follow this maintenance scheduleonly if none of the
conditions from the Short Trip/City Maintenance
Schedule is true.
Driving a vehicle with afully warmed engine under
highway conditions causes engine oil
to break down
slower.
I Long Trip/Highway Intervals
Every 7,500 Miles (12500 km): Engine Oil and Filter
Change (or every 12 months, whicheverOCCUTS first).
12 months, whichever
Chassis Lubrication (or every
occurs fhst).
At 7,500 Miles (12 500 km) Then Every
15,000 'Miles(25 000 km): Tire Rotation.
Every 30,000 Miles (50 000 km): Air Cleaner Filter
Replacement. Fuel Tank, Cap and Lines Inspection.
.Every50,000 Miles (83 000 km): Automatic Transaxle
Service (severe conditions only).
Every 60,000 Miles (100000 km): Engine Accessory
Drive Belt Inspection.
Every 100,000 Miles (166
000 km): Cooling System
Service (or every60 months, whichever occurs first).
Spark Plug Wire Inspection. Spark Plug Replacement.
These intervals only summarize maintenanceservices.
Be sure to followthe complete maintenance schedule on
the following pages.
-
7-5
-r
I Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedide I
,
: c
The services shownin this schedule up to
100,000 miles
(166 000 km)should be performed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km) at the same intervals.
3,000 Miles (5000 km)
'
17 Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
An Emission Control
Service.
Footnotes
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or
the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to performthis maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of the vehicle's useful life.
We, however,
be
urge that all recommended maintenance services'
performed atthe indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
-I
7-6
a
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule'
~
Miles ($5000 km)
1 9,000
0Change engineoil' and filter ,(orevery
6,000 Miles (IO 000 km)
0Change engine'oil and filter (,or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first),.
An Emissiqn Control Service.
Ah Em2ssion Control Service.
Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shiftlinkage (orevery
6.months,.whichever occurs fist).
0Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspectionand
Rotation" in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional infomation. During '
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement. Referto the
appropriate GM serttice 'manualfor proper
caliper service procedures.
:
:
.I
'
,
L
DATE
ACTUAL
. ,
WEAGE
1
SERVICED,BY
1
l l Change engine oil and filter(or every
3 months,' whichever occurs first)..
An EmissionControl Service.
0Inspect'air: clean& filterif you are driving
'
.
itldusty conditions: Replace filter if .
necessary. An Emission Coritrol Service. 3- . ' .
'
I
'
1
1'
1
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
18,000 .Miles (30 000 km)
,
Change engine oil andfilter (or every
- 3 montbs', whichever occurs first).
.
0Change engine oiland filter (or every
3 months, whichever.occurs. first).
An Emission Control Service:
An Emission Contr0.lService.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
6 months, ;whichever occursfirst).
0Rotate tires. S,ee "Tire Inspection
and
Rotation'' in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and'additional information. During
.
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of 3movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
.
.
I
I
I
-
DATE
DATE
,
AC?UAL,MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
L
!
-
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
24,000 Miles (40 000 km)
17 Change engineoil and filter (or
I
27,000 Miles (45 000 km).
every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
=
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
7-10
,
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:., i
30 000 Mil’s (SO 000 h)
I)
- ’
.
- . -
.
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
3 months, whichever occurs first).
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket any
for
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission ControlService.
An Emission ControlService.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers
for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manualfor proper
caliper service procedures.
Service.
I
I
DATE
I
ACTUAL MILEAGE
ISERVICED
BY: I
7-ll
I
Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule
33,000 Miles (55.000km)
36,000 Miles (60 000 km)
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, .whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxleshift linkage (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
*
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
r
7-12
BY:
I
-t
I
I
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
-
BY:
I
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
I
39,000 Miles (65 000 km)
42,000 Miles (70 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engine.oi1 and filter every
(or
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission ControlService.
An Emission ControlService;
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
1
0Rotatetires.See“TireInspectionand
:
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
7-13
45,OOO.Miles (75 000 km),
C,
Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 ,months, whicheveroccurs 'first)..
48,000 Miles (80 000 km)
0Change engine oil andfilter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
I
An Emission Control Service.
0.
Inspect a i r cleaner filterif you are driving
'
in dusty conditions. Replace filter
if
necessary. An Emission Control Service.f
,
/
7-14
I
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (orevery
6 months, whichever occurs
first).,.: .
::.<
,.
.
..-:.
BY:
DATE
,ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
I
An Emission ControlSewice.
I
I
:cJlL:j,!
,I Short TriplCity Maintenance Schedule
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
51,000 Miles (85 000 ,km)
c]Change automatic. transaxle fluid and filter 0Change engineoil.and filter. (or every
if the vehicleis mainly driven under one or
3 months, whichever occurs first).
more of these conditions:
An Emission Control Service.
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches
90 OF
(32 C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as foundin taxi, police or
delivery service.
O
If you do notuse your vehicle under anyof these
conditions, the
fluid dndfilterdo not require changing.
.€
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
L
7-15
54,000 Miles (90 000.km)
57,000 Miles (95 000 km)
0Change engine,oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occursfirst).
.
An Emission ControlSewice.
Change'engine oiland filter (or everv
3 .months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission ControlSewice.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspection, and
;Rotation" in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brakecalipers'for
freedom of movement.Refertothe
.
appropriate,GM service manual for proper
ckliper service procedures.
'
..
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
I:
1
I
"
I
I
BY:
1
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
I
BY:
I
I
>.
J
. .
. .
.
.
. ~.
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Change engineoil ~d filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Ernissiop Contro
Replace air cleaner filter.
Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damag
0Lubricate,thesuspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
1
or leaks. Inspect fuelcap'gasket for any
dainage.Replace p e s as needed.
An EmissionControl Service.
63>000Miles (105 000 kmj
,
.
"'
0Change engine,oiland filter(or every
0Change engine oil k d filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs ,first).
AnEmissionControl Service.
An Emission ControlService.
.
c]Lubecate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage;(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
CI Rotate tires. See "Tire Inspection and
Rotation" in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
I
-
DATE
0
ACTUAL MILEAGE
,
b
7-18
I
SERVICED BY:
t
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BR
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance Schedule
1
69,000 Miles (115 000 km)
72,000 Miles (120 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter(or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage(or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
7-19
I
I
ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
78,000 Miles (130 000 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect air cleaner filterif you are driving
if
in dusty conditions. Replace filter
necessary. An Emission Control Service.
I
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
7-20
I
BY:
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires,. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service ‘manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
I
DATE
I
ACTUALMILEAGE
ISERVICED
BKI
I
Short Trip/City Maintenance 'Schedule
I
81,000 Miles (135 000 km)
84,000 Miles (140 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
3 months,'whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission ControlService.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
6 months, whichever' occurs first).
DATE
1
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE SERVICED BY:
7-21
87,000 Miles (145 000-km)
0Change engineoil and filter (orevery
3 months, whicheveroccurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
-1
Short ”rip/City Maintenance Schedule
I
93,000 Miles (155 000 km)
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage 0Change engineoil and filter (or every
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket
for any
damage. Replace parts as needed.
3 months,whicheveroccursfirst).
!
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission ControlService.
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers
for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
~~
SERVICED BY:
7-23
I
I
I
Short TridCitv Maintenance Schedule
r
96,OOO.Miles (160 000 km)
99,000 Miles (165 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
3 months, whichever occurs first).
3 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission ControlService.
An Emission ControlService.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
6 months, whichever occurs first).
I
I
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
DATE
7-24.,
1
I
I
I
I
1
BY:
I
+
I ShortTrip/CityMaintenanceSchedule I
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test cooling
An Emission Control
system and pressure cap.
Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires (except 2.4L
Code T engine). An Emission Control Service.
0Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control
Service.
CI Change
automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicleis mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
90O F
temperature regularly reaches
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
If you do not useyour vehicle under anyof these
conditions, the
fluid andfilter do not require changing.
7-25
c
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
The services shownin this schedule up to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)should’beperformed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)at the same intervals.
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
Footnotes
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
I
.
‘12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
12 months, whichever occurs first).
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure to perform this maintenance item will not nullify 0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
the emission warrantyor limit recall liability prior to the
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
completion of vehicle useful life.We, however, urge that
pattern and additional information, During
all recommended maintenance services be performed at
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
the indicated intervals and
the maintenance be recorded.
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
7-26
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or
every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires.See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Indexfor proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caiiper service procedures.
I
I
BEI
ISERVICED
,
I
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
BY:
DATE
ACTUALMILEAGE
.
-.
(62 500 km)
I 37,500,Miles
0Change engine oil and filter(or every
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
[7 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
0Lubricatethesuspension,steeringlinkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Replace air cleaner filter.An Emission Control
1
i
I
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Service.
Rotation” in the Index for
-proper rotation
0Inspectfueltank,capandlinesfordamagepattern
and additionalinformation.During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
freedom of movement. Refer to the
damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission
Control
Service.
appropriate GM service
manual
proper
for
caliper service procedures.
DATE
ACTUAL
-MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
,SERVICED
BY:
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
12 months, whichever occurs first).
if the vehicleis mainly driven under one or
more of'these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly, reaches
90 F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or
delivery service.
An Emission Control Service.
I7 Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
O
If you do not use your vehicle under any
of these
conditions, the
fluid andfilter do not require changing.
DATE
ACTUAL MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
L
I
7-29
I
I Long TripSHighway Maintenance Schedule 1
..
52.500 Milei (875.00 kln)
-f
L
m-
;
;
0,
Change engineoi1 and filter l o r every ,
0Change.engineoil and filter (,or every
.
I
12 months; whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever:accurs -first).
.
. .
An Emission Control Swviie.
,
,
I
and transaxle shift linkage
(or every
12 months, whichever
f
occurs:.first).
0Inspect engine accessory drive belt.'
and transaxle,shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs -first).
0Rotatetires., See "Tire. Inspection and
Rotation". in'. the'Index for proper rotation
Dwhg
pattern and additional information.
tire"rotation,check,brake calipers for
freeddm of movement. Refer tothe':
appropriate GM sewice manual for proper
caliper "sefvice procedures.
,
-
'
"
An Emtssion Contro1,Service.
'.
'
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED.BY:
,
,
'-
-
.
.
0Lubricate the .suspens(on; steeringlinkage
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
'
.AnEmission Control Service.,,
i
.'
.
.
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0Replace alr cleaner filter.
An Emission Control
Service.
12 months, whichever occurs first).
Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket
for any
damage. Replace partsas needed.
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
I
0Change engineoil and filter (orevery
DATE
1’
ACTUAL MULEAGE
SERVICED BYJ
CJ Lubricate
the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
-0
Rotate tiies. See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation’’ in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers
for
freedom of movement. Refer to the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
DATE
.
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
BY:
7-31
7
Long
TriplHighway Schedule Maintenance
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
82,500 Miles (137 SO0 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
I7 Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
’
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage 0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. -See “Tire Inspection and
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
freedom of movement. Refer to-the
appropriate GM service manual for proper
caliper service procedures.
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
>
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
,SERVICED
-
-
BY:
k
ACTUALMILEAGESERVICED
BY:
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0Change engineoil and filter (or every
0Change engine oil and filter (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
12 months, whichever occurs first).
An Emission Control Service.
An Emission Control Service.
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
0Lubricate the suspension, steering linkage
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control
and transaxle shift linkage (or every
12 months, whichever occurs first).
0Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and
Service.
Rotation” in the Index for proper rotation
0Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage pattern and additional information. During
tire rotation, check brake calipers for
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket for any
freedom of movement. Refer to the
damage. Replaceparts as needed.
appropriate GM service manual for proper
An Emission Control Service.
caliper service procedures.
~
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED
~~
BY:
7-33
Long Trip/Highway Maintenance Schedule
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or
every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser,
pressure cap and neck. Pressure test the
An Emission
cooling system and pressure cap.
Control Service.
0Inspect spark plug wires (except
2.4L
Code T engine). An Emission ControlService.
Replace spark plugs.An Emission Control
Service.
7-34
0Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter
if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside
temperature regularly reaches90O F
(32 C) or higher.
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
or
Uses such as found in taxi, police
delivery service.
O
If you do not use your vehicle
under anyof these
conditions,thefluid andfflter do
not require changing.
I
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
Check the engine coolant level and add the proper
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help coolant mixif necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in the
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control Index for further details.
performance of your vehicle.
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Check the windshield washer fluid level
in the
Whenever any fluids or lubricants are added
to your
if
add the proper fluid
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as shown windshield washer tank and
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid”in the Index
in Part D.
for hrtherdetails.
At Each Fuel Fill
It isimportantfor you or a service station attendant
to
perform these underhoodchecks at eachfuel fill.
EngineOilLevelCheck
,
Check the engineoil level and add the proper
oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil”in the Index for further
details.
At Least Once a Month
Tire Inflation Check
Make sure tires are inflated
to the correct pressures.See
“Tires” in the Index.
7-35
Cassette Deck Service
Automatic Ikansaxle Check
Clean cassette deck. Cleaning should
be done every
50 hours of tape play.‘
See “Audio Systems” in the Index
for further details.
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed.
See
“Automatic Transaxle”in the Index. A fluid loss may
if
indicate a problem. Check the system and repair
needed.
At Least Twice a Year
Restraint System Check
At Least Oncea Year
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Make sure the safety belt reminder light and
all your
cyl~~@grs
with the lubricant
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are Lubricate the key lock
specified in Part’D.
working properly. Lookfor any other looseor damaged
safety belt system parts.
If you see anything that might
Body Lubrication Service
its have it
keep a safety belt system from doing job,
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts replaced. Lubricate all body door hinges. Also lubricate all hinges
for the hood, tmnk lid,
Also lookfor any opened or broken air bag covers, and and latches, including those
Part D tells you what
glove
box
door
and
console
door.
have them repaired or replaced. (The
air bag system
to use. More frequent lubrication may be required when
does not need regular maintenance.)
exposed to a corrosive environment.
I
7-36
Brake-Wansaxle Shift Interlock (BTSI) Check
A CAUTION:
I
.Whenyou are doing this
check, the venlclecould
move suddenly. Wit does, you ,or others
cadd be
,
.
injured.’Followthesteps below.
,
?%%enyog are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others couldbe
injured. Follow the steps.below.
6:
-
I
I,.
I
I
1. Before you start,be sure you have enough room
1. Before youstart, be sure-you have enoughroom
-.:+
aroundthevehicle.
around ‘the vehicle.
It should be ,parked on a level
i$, :q:*
,
- 2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking surface.
:.
: *X.’
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see
“Parking Brake”
, .-2
Brake” in the Index if necessary) and the regular
Ib
in the Index if necessary).
,&I
brake.
.!,
?-u
,’.,:
i3 ~ i ~ . ~ ~ ~ ~
, ’ I:,,,
NOTE:Do not use the acceleratorpedal, and be
N0TE:jBe ready to apply the regular brake.’..!~III’ !I*:,
,r, e ;. ready to
off &e engine- w & i a t e l y if it starts.
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
,$,
.
.
~
~
;
/
~
,
l
-
;
;
~
~
.
.
~
~
~
T
I
b.8,
~
‘l ;
,
-
‘
I
1
$
,iq:,
I
3. Try to start- the engine
in each gear. The starter.
should workonly in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).If
the starter wotks
in any other position,your vehicle
needs service.
engine off, turn .thekey to theRUN.
3. ,Wi&,t€~.e
position, but don’t start-theengine. Without appJying
the regular brake,
try to move theshift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort.If the shift lever
moves outof PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI’
needs service.
.
%
.
.
I
Steering ColumnLock Check
While,parked,and with the parking brake set,
try to turn
the key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
The key should turn to LOCK only when
the shift
lever isin PARK (P).
0
Park ona fairly steephill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
0
To check the parking brake:
With the engine running
and transaxlein NEUTRAL (N), slowly remove foot
Do this until
pressure from the regular brake pedal.
the vehicle is held
by the parking brake only.
0
To check thePARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift
to PARK (P). Then
release all brakes.
The key should comeout only in LOCK.
Parking Brake andAutomatic TransaxlePARK (P)
Mechanism Check
ACAUTION:
When you are doing thischeck, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or others could be
injured and property
could be damaged. Make
sure thereis room in front of your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake at once should thevehicle beginto move.
Underbody FlushingService
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from
the underbociy. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
build-up in the floor pan or could let exhaust fumes into
the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Radiator and Heater Hose Inspection
Listed below are inspections and services which should
be performed at least twice a year (for instance, each
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced
if they are
spring and fall).You should let yourGM dealer’s service
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes,
department or other qualified service center do these jobs.fittings and clamps; replace as needed.
Make sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Proper procedures to perform these services may be
found in a Buick service manual.
See “Service and
Owner Publications” in the Index.
Throttle Linkage Inspection
Inspect the throttle linkage for interference or binding,
and for damage or missing parts. Replace parts as
needed. Replace any cables that have high effort or
Steering, Suspension and Front-Wheel-Driveexcessive wear. Do not lubricate accelerator and cruise
control cables.
Axle Boot and,Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering system
signs of wear, or lack
for damaged, loose or missing parts,
of lubrication. Inspect the powersteering lines and hoses
for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Clean and then inspect the drive axle boot sealsfor
if necessary.
damage, tears or leakage. Replace seals
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and hoses
for proper hookup, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotors for surface
condition. Also inspect dfzun brake linings for wear and
cracks.. Inspect other brake parts, includingdrums, wheel
cylinders, calipers, parking brake, etc. The parking brake
Exhaust System Inspection
is
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body near self-adjusting and no manual adjustment is required.
You may need to have your brakes inspected more often
if
the exhaust system. Lookfor broken, damaged, missing or
your driving habits or conditions result
in frequent braking.
out-of-position parts as wellas open seams, holes, loose
connections, or other conditions which could cause a heat
,
\
.
‘
I
Part D: Redommended Fluids an,d
Lubricants
. *
FLUID/LUBRICANT
USAGE
Coolant
NOTE:Fluids .and lubricants identified below .by name; Supplement
part
be obtained from your. . Sealer
- number or specification may
GMdealer.
Hydraulic Brake
System
’
-
USAGE
Engine Oil
FLU,ID/LUBRICANT
Engine.oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
TO.
symbol of the prdger viscosity.
determine the preferred viscosity .
for your vehicle’s enkine,see
‘‘Engine Oil” in the Index.
i
Engine Coolant
50/50 mixture of clean water
(preferably distilled) andGM
Goodwrench@ DEX-COOL” or
Havoline@DEX-COOL
(orange-colored, silicate-free)
antifreeze conformirlg to
GM
Specification 6277M. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index.
TM
.
.
GM Part No. 3634621 or
. .
equivalent with a complete flush
and refill.
Delco Supreme11@Brake Fluid
(GMPart No. ,1052535 or
equivalent DOT-3brake fliiid).
power Steering
System
GM Power SteeringFluid ,(OM
.~
Part NO.1.052884- 1-ptc,
1050017 - 1 qt., or ‘equivalent). .
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRON,@-IIIAutomatic
Transmission Fluid.
Multi-Lubricant,
Superlube (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Key Lock
Cylinders,
Chassis
Lubrication
.
,
Chassis lubricant(GM Part
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
lubricant meeting requirementsof
NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
.
USA.GE.
Windshield
Washer Solvent
'EZUID/LUBRICANT
GM Optikleen@ Washer Solvent
(GM PartNo. 1051515) or
equivalent.
Hood Latch
Assembly Pivots,
Spring Anchor
and Release
Pad
Lubriplate lubricant- aerosol (GM
Part No. 12346293 or equivalent)
or lubricant meeting requirements
of NLGI Grade 2, Category LB or
GC-LB.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-purposelubricant, .
Superlube@(GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
USAGE
Tmnk Hinges
FLULD/LUBRICANT
Engine oil or Lubriplate Lubricant
(GM Part No. 1050109).
Fuel Filler Door Chassis lubricant(GM Part
Hinge and
No. 1052497 or equivalent) or
of'
Striker Plunger lubricant meeting requirements
NLGI Grade 2, CategoryLB or
GC-LB.
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
See "Replacement Parts" in the Inflex for recowended
replacement filters &dspark plugs.
8
~
I
I
0
Part E: MaintenanceRecord
After the scheduled servicesare performed, record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
in the boxes provided after the maintenance interval.
’
Any additional information from “Owner Checks and
Services” or “Periodic Maintenance”
can be added on
the following record pages.
Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts.Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
SERVICED
READING
DATE
BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
I
7-42
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
READING
I
SERVICED BY
I
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
I
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
SERVICED
READING
DATE
BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
c
l
Section 8 CustomerAssistanceInformation
assistance. This sectionalso tells you how to obtain
service publications andhow to report any safety
defects.
This section includes information
on:
0
The Customer Satisfaction Procedure
0
Customer Assistancefor Text Telephone (TTY)
Users
0
Roadside Assistance
0
Courtesy Transportation
0
BBB Auto Line - Alternative .Dispute Resolution
Program
0
Reporting Safety Defects
0
Service and Owner Publications
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important
to your
dealer and Buick. Normally, any concern you may have
8-1
with your vehicle can be handled byyour selling or For help outside
of the United States and Canada, call
servicingdealer. Your dealerhasthefacility,trainedthefollowingnumbersasappropriate:
In Mexico: (525) 6-5-3256 I
technicians,specialtoolsandup-to-dateinformationto
promptly address any issue which may arise. Buick has
; 0 In Puerto Kco: 1-800-496-9992(English)or
empowereditsdealerstomakedecisionsandrepair
vehicles, andtheyareeagertoresolveyourconcernto1-800-496-9993(Spanish)
In the U.S. virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
your complete satisfaction. If your concern has not been
resolved to your satisfaction, take the following steps:
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-751-4135
STEP ONE-- Discuss your concern with a member
(English) or 1-800-751-4136 (Spanish)
of dealer management. Normally, concerns can be
0 In theBahamas:1-800-389-0009
quicklyresolvedatthatlevel. If thematterhasalready
0 ~n
Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
been reviewed with the Sales, Service, Or Parts Manager,
of the
dealership
or
the
General
Virgin
Islands:
1-800-534-0122
contact
the
owner
Manager.
In all other Caribbean countries: 1-809-763-1315
STEP TWO-- If after contacting a member
of
In other overseas locations, call GM North American
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
in Canadaat1-905-644-4112
beresolvedbythedealershipwithoutfurtherhelp,ExportSales
contact the Buick Customer Assistance Center
by
calling 1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact GMof
Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by
calling 1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854
(French).
8-2
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information availableto give the Customer Assistance
Representative:
Your narrie, address, home and business telephone
numbers
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registrationor title, or the plate at
the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
'Dealership name and location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved
in the dealership, using
the dealer'sfacilities, equipment and personnel. That
is
why we suggest you followStep One first if you have a
concern.
Customer Assistancefor Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are
deaf, hard of hearing, or
(TTYs),
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones
Buick hasTTY equipment available at
its Customer
Assistance Center.Any TTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY usersin
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
We encourage you to call us so we can give your inquiry
.prompt attention. However,
if you wish to write
Buick, writeto:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI, 48550
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information bookletfor addresses of Canadian and GM
Overseas offices.
8-3
I
Roadside Assistance
Our commitmentto Buick owners has always included
superior service throughow network of 3,000 Buick
dealers. Buick Premium Roadside As.sistance provides
an extra measure
of convenience and security.
Buick Premium Roadside Assistance:
- Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles.
- Takes the anxiety outof uncertain situations by
providing easy access to service professionals trained
to work with Buick owners, 24 hours a day, 365 days
a year, including weekends and holidays.
For detailson Buick Premium Roadside Assistance,
please consult your Buick Premium Roadside Assistance
owner booklet included with your owner’s manual. For
needed assistance,call the Buick Premium Roadside
1112.
Assistance toll-free hotline: 1-800-252Buick Motor Division is proud
to offer Buick Roadside
Assistance to customers
for vehicles covered under the
36 month/36,000 mile(60 000 km) new car warranty
(whichever occurs first).
8-4
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible
from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer
theto
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Courtesy Transportation
To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service
-- and
service means “keeping you
on the road.”
Courtesy Transportationis Buick’s way ofextending the
Premium Service you’ve come to expect from Buick
and its 3,000 dealers. Pleas6 review the Courtesy
Transportation glove box card contained
in your vehicle,
or consult your Buick dealer
for details.
Included with your1996 Buick new car warranty
(36 month/36,000 miles
(60 000 km), whichever occurs
Some state insurance regulations make
it impractical to
first), is Courtesy Transportation, a program which will rent vehicles to people under
21 years of age. If you are
provide Buick retail customers with:
under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle, Buick
Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy
of
will reimburse you, up $3O/day,
to
for any documented
Buick Motor Division,for up tofive days for
transportation you receive. Please consult your dealer
vehicles requiring overnight warranty repairs. Also, for details.
reimbursement up to$30 a day (fivedays maximum)
For warrantyrepiirs during the CompleteVehicle
may be availablefor the cost of a rentalcar,’busor
Coverage periodin the New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
even a.cab.
interim transportation may be available under the
A free one-way shuttle ride up to
10 miles from the
Courtesy Transportation Program. Please consult your
dealership is available for customers whose vehicles
dealer for details. The Courtesy Transportation program
require same-day warranty repairs.
is available only in the United States and Canada.
8-5
GM Participation in BBB AUTO
LINE - Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program*
*This progrim may not be available in all states,
to your
depending on state law. Canadian owners refer
Warranty and Owner Assistance Wormation booklet.
General Motors reserves theright to change eligibility
limitations and/or to discontinue itsparticipatiun,in this
program.
Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committedto
making sure you are completely satisfiedwith your new
vehicle. Our experience hasshown that, if a situation
arises where you feel your concern has not been
adequately addressed, the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure describedearlier in this sectiun is very
successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third party
can assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New
Vehicle,United Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Buick voluntarily participatesin BBB
AUTO LINE.
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedurebeforeyou resort toAUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary
If this mediation is
between you and Buick.
unsuccessful, an informal hearing will be scheduled
where eligible customers may present their case to an
impartial third-party arbitrator.
-
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injury
or death, you should
immediately informthe National Highway Traffic
in addition to
Safety Administration (NHTSA),
notifying General Motors.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,
it may open an
accept or reject.If you accept the decision, GM will be
in
investigation, andif it fiids that a safety defect exists
bound by that decision.The entire dispute resolution
a groupof vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
procedure should ordinarilytake about 40 days from the
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
time youfile a claim until a decision
is made.
you, your dealer, or
in individual problems between
Somestate laws mayrequireyoutousethisprogramGeneralMotors.
before filing a
with a state-run arbitration Program
To contact m S A , youmay either call the AutoSafety
or in the courts. Forfurther information, contact the
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123
in the
BBB at 1-800-955-5100or the Buick Customer
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
Assistance Center at 1-800-955-7300.
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety fromthe Hotline.
. ,
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL'MOTORS
In addition to notifyingNHTSA (or Transport Canada)
If you livein Canada, and you believe that your vehicle in a situationlike this, .we certainly hope you'll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
has a safety defect, you should immediately notify
Transport Canada,in addition to notifying General
Buick Motor Division
Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to:
Customer Assistance Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Transport Canada
Flint, MI 48550
Box 8880
Ottawa, Ontario K1G3J2
In Canada, pleasecall us at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:.
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Assistance Center
1908 ColonelSain Drive.
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-8
Service and Owner Publications
Service Manuals
Service manuals contain diagnostic and repair
information for all chassis and body systems. They may
be usefulfor owners who wishto get a greater
understanding of their vehicle. They are also useful
for
owners with the appropriateskill level or training who
wish to perform “do-it-yourself” service. These are
authentic General Motors service manuals meant
for
professional, qualified technicians.
Service manuals, service bulletins, owner’s manuals and
other service literatureare available for purchase for all
current and many past model General Motors vehicles.
Toll-free telephone numbersfor ordering information:
...............
....................
United States
1-800-551-4123
Canada
1-800-668-5539
Service Bulletins
Owner Publications
Service bulletins covering various subjectsare regularly Owner’s manuals, warranty folders and various owner
sent,to all GeneralMotorsdealerships.GMmonitorsassistancebookletsprovideownerswithgeneral
product perfonnance in the field. When service methods operation and maintenance information.
on GM vehicles,
are found which promote better. service
bulletins are created
to help the technician perform
better service. Service bulletins may involve any
number of vehicles. Some will describe inexpensive
service; otherswill describe expensive service. Some
will advise 05 new or unexpected conditions,and others
may help avoid future costly repairs. Service bulletins
are meantfor qualified technicians.In some cases
bulletins refer to service manuals, specialized tools,
to service
equipment and safety procedures necessary
the vehicle. Since these bulletins
are issued throughout
an index is required and
the model year and beyond,
published quarterly to help identify specific bulletins.
You can orderan index at
Subscriptions are available.
the toll-free numbers listed previously,
or ask a GM
dealer to see an index or individual bulletin.
8-10
Section 9 Index
Air Bag ......................................
1-21
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
How it Works ................................
1-23
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-23
Readiness Light ......................
. . 1.22.2.5 1
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-26
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
When Should it Inflate ..........................
1-24
Aircleaner ....................................
6-16
AirConditioning ................................
3-3
Air Conditioning Refrigerants ................ 6.58. 6.60
Alignment and Balance. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning ......................
6-48
Antenna. Fixed ................................. 3-27
Antifreeze ...................................... 6-20
Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning Light ................ 2-53, 4-6
Brakes ......................................
4-6
Anti-Theft,Radio ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-23
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-42
Appearance Care Materials .......................
6-50
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-6
Ashtrays ......................................
2-45
Audio Controls. Steering Wheel ................... 3-22
Audio Equipment. Adding ........................
3-26
Audio Systems ..................................
3-5
Auto-Down Window .............................
2-27
Automatic
7-36
Transaxle Check ..............................
Transaxle Park Mechanism Check................ 7-38
DoorLocks ................................... 2-4
Overdrive ................................... 2-19
Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Transaxle Fluid ...............................
6-17
Transaxle Operation ...........................
2-17
Auxiliary Power Outlet ..........................
2-45
Battery ......................................
6-29
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Light .......................................
2-51
Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Saver ...................................... 2-41
Warnings ....................................
5-2
BBB Auto Line ..................................
8-6
Better Business Bureau Mediation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
9-1
Brake
Adjustment ..................................
6-29
Fluid .........................................
6-26
Master Cylinder ..............................
6-26
Parking .....................................
2-21
Pedal Travel .................................
6-29
Replacing 'System Parts ........................ 6-29
System Warning Light ....................
2-52. 6-27
Trailer ......................................
4-35
Transaxle Shift Interlock .................. 2-25. 7-37
Transaxle, Shift Interlock Check
.................. 7-37
Wear .......................................
6-28
Brakes.Anti -Lock ...............................
4-6
Braking .......... ................................
4-5
Braking in Emergencies ............................
4-9
Break-In.NewVehicle ... .......................2-11
BTSI ....................................
2-25. 7-37
BTSICheck ...................................
7-37
BulbReplacement .........................
6-30. 6.57
'
8-4
Canadian Roadside Assistance ....................
6-58
Capacities and Specifications ......................
CarbonMonoxide ....................
2-26.4.27. 4.35
Cassette Deck Service ...........................
7-36
Cassette Tape Player ................... 3.8.3.11. 3.18
Cassette Tape Player Care .........................
3-26
CD Player Theft-Deterrent Feature ................. 3-23
Center Console Storage Area ......................
2-43
Center Rear Passenger Position....................
1-33
Certification Label .............................. 4-30
Certification/Tire Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
9-2
.
.
Defensive Driving..........................
.'..... 4'-1
Defogger,Rear Window ..........................
3-5
efogging. .....................................
3-4
iLfrostisting ................ , .................... 3-4
Dirnenions,Vehicle ..............................6-60
Dolby B Noise Reduction .............. 3-10,3-14,3-21
Door Locks ............. : .........................2-3
Driver Position ............. :................... 1-13
Driving
City; .......................................
4-18
Defensive ......................................
4-1
Drunken ..... ................................
4-2
4-19 .
Freeway ....................................
InaBlizzard .................................
41-26
In ForeignCountries ............................
6-4
In the RBin ....................................
4-16
Night .......................................
4-14
On Curves ......................
: .............4-9.
. On,G-radesWhile TowingaTrailer ................4-38
On Hill and Mountain Roads ....................
4-22
On Snow and'Ice ........ i ................... .. 4-25
Through Water .......'..........................
4-1 8
Wet Roads ... .)................ : ............. 4.-16
Winter. ......................................
4-24
With a Trailer .................................
4-36
4-2
DrunkenDriving .................................
Q
.
Easy
&try Seat ........................
....... 1-6
ElectricalEquipment,Adding .... .. 2-14,2-15,3-26,6-52
6-52
Electrical System ...............................
1
9-3
Engine ....................................
6.8.6.9
Coolant .....................................
6-20
Coolant Heater ................................
2- 16
Coolant Level Check ...........................7-35
Coolant Temperature Gage ......................2-54
CoolingSystem ..............................
5-15
Exhaust .....................................
2-26
Fuse Block .................................. 6-56
6-51
Identification ................................
OilLevelCheck ..............................
7-35
Overheating .................................. 5- 13
2-26
Running While Parked .........................
6-59
Specifications ................................
Starting YOW ........................... 2-13. 2.15
EngineOil .....................................
6-10
Adding .....................................6-12
Additives ................................... 6-14
1 . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Checking .......................
Pressure Light ...............................
2-58
6-15
Used .......................................
6-15
Whentochange ..............................
Enhanced Traction System Warning Light ....... 2-53. 4-8
6-3
Ethanol.'. .......................................
2-26
Exhaust, Engine ................................
Fransais
en
,
6-43
Fabric Cleaning ...............................
6-4
FillingYourTank ................................
6-16
Filter. Air .....................................
Filter. Engine Oil ............................... 6- 15
6-47
Finish Care ......................................
6-49
FinishDamage .................................
9-4
First Gear. Automatic Transaxle ....................
2-20
Flash-to-PassFeature ...........................
2-31
Flashers. Hazard Warning .........................
5-1
Flat Tire. Changing .............................
5-21
Fluids and Lubricants ............................
7-40
Foreign Countries. Fuel ...........................
6-4
Four-Way Manual Seat ...........................
1-2
..
...........................
11
FrenchLanguageManual
Front Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .' ........ 5-9
Fuel ..........................................
6-2
FillingYourTank ..............................
6-4
Gage ........................................
2-60
In Foreign Countries ...........................
6-4
6-53
Fuses and Circuit Breakers .......................
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature .................... 2-5.4
Fuel .......................................2-60
Tachometer .................................. 2-49
GAWR .......................................
4-30
Gear Positions, Automatic Transaxle................ 2-17
Gross Axle Weight Rating ........................ 4-30
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating ......................
4-30
.................................. 1..1
Guide
GVWR ....................................... 4-30
Halogen Bulbs ................................
6-30
Hazard Warning Flashers ................ ......... 5-1
1-5
HeadRestraints .................................
.
Headlamps .....................................
2-37
Bulb Replacement ............................ 6-30
High/Low Beam Changer ...................... 2-30
On Reminder ................................ 2-38
6-52
Wiring .....................................
Hearing Impaired, Customer Assistance .............. 8-3
3-3
Heating ........................................
High-Beam Headlamps ..........................
2-30
HighwayHypnosis ...............................4-22
4-22
HillandMountainRoads .........................
Hitches. Trailer ................................. 4-35
Hood
6-6
Checking Things Under .........................
2-6
System
Entry
Keyless
6-7
Release ......................................
2-28
Horn .........................................
Hydroplaning ...................................4-17
Cleaning ....................................
6-45
Fuse Block................................... 6-53
Optional Cluster .............................. 2-48
2-47
Standard Cluster ..............................
Interior Lamps ................................. 2-39
.
Jack.Tire
.................................... 5-21
Jumpstarting ...................................
5-2
......................7-36
............................
..........................................
Keys
K e y LockCylindersService
Labels
Certification ................................. 4-30
2Ignition Positions ..............................
4-30
Certificatioflire .............................
Inflation,
..................................
.....................
Inside Daymight Rearview
Mirror
.................
Identification
Service
Parts
2-416-51
......................
4-30
Information
Tire-Loading
7-39
Inspections ....................................
Number ................... 6-51
39
System
Brake
................................
.........................................
Systems
Exhaust
. . . . 2-37
. . . . . . . . . . . .Lamps
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-39
....................................
...................
2-39 Courtesy 7-39
Boot
Front-Wheel-Drive
Axle
.....................................
. . . . . . . .Interior
. . . . . . . . . 7-39
Front-Wheel-Drive
Axle
Seal . .2-39
...................... 7-39
OnReminder ................................ 2-38
Hose Heater and Radiator
Underhood .................................... 6-7
Steering ....................................
7-39
................................
1-5
SeatbackLatches,
7-39
Suspension ..................................
~~~l~ u ink^^^ ..............................
7-39Leaving
YourVehicle .............................
2-5
.......
Instrumentpanel ...............................
2-47
Leaving
Your Vehicle
with
the
Engine
Running
2-24
.......................................
Control Brightness
. . . . .2-45
. . . . . . . . . .Lighter
. . . . . . . . . . . . .2-39
9-5
i
I
Lights
Air Bag Readiness .......................
1.22. 2.51
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning ............ 2.53. 4.6
. Battery .....................................
2-51
Brake System Warning .................... 2.52. 6.27
CheckEngine ................................
2-55
CheckGages ................................ 2-60
Check Oil ...................................
2-59
Cruise ......................................2-60
Engine Oil Pressure ........................... 2-58
Enhanced Traction System Warning .......... 2.53. 4.8
Interior ..................................... 2-39
LOW Coolant Warning ......................... 2-55
Oil Pressure .................................
2-58
Passlock"Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59
Safety Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.8. 2.50
Loading Your Vehicle ...........................
4-30
Locks ..........................................
2-3
Automatic Door ...............................
2-4
.-........... 7-36
Cylinders .......................
Door ........................................ 2-3
Key Lock Cylinder Service..................... 7-36
2-4
PowerDoor ..................................
2-5
RearDoorSecurity .............................
Steering Column Lock Check ................... 7-38
Low Coolant Warning Light ......................
2-55
Lubricants and Fluids ............................
7-40
Lubrication Service. Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-36
Maintenance Record
............................
7-42
'
..
OptionFuses ................................
6-52
RemoteControl h!I.il~m ......................... 2-42
Seat ..........................................
1-3
Steering . I ...................................
4-9
Steering
6-24
.Fluid ................................
Windows ...................................
2-27
Pregnmcy, Use of Safety Belts .....................
1-27
Problems on the Road ..............................
5-1
8-9
Publications. Service and Owner .....................
.
.
.
7
.
i
.
.
I
i'
. .
.
Radiator ......................................
5-17
RadioReception ................................
3-25
Radios ........................................
3-5
Rain. Driving h ........ :.......................
4-16
Reading Lamps .................................
2-40
Rear
. DoorSecurityLocks ...........................
2-5
Outside Seat Position ...........................
1-28
Safety Belt Comfort Guides .......;.............. 1-31
. Seat Passengers ............................
;
; .. 1-27
Towing ............ ........................
5-11
:......... 3-5
WindowDefogger ....................
Rear Wmdaw Defogger Antenna.............. 1 :....3-27
Rearview Mirror. Inside Daymight ...........:.. ... 2-41
Reclining Front Saatbacks .........................
1-3
Recreational Vehicle. Towing....................... 4-28
Refrigeran$s,Air Conditioning ............... 6-58, 6-60
Remote
6-5
Fuel Door Release .............................
Keyless Entry ...................................
2-6
Trunk Release ..................................
2-9
~
.
.
9-7
.
i
.
Service ........................................
6-1
8-9
Bulletins. Ordering .............................
8-9
Manuals. Ordering .............................
Parts Identification Label....................... 6-5 1
8-9
Publications. Ordering ..........................
6-1
Work. Doing Your Own .........................
Service and Appearance Care ......................
6-1
8-9
Service and Owner Publications ....................
8-9
Service Publications ..............................
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Buick ............ 1-26
6-48
SheetMetalDamage ............................
2-22. 2.23
Shift Lever ...............................
shifting
2- 17
Automatic Transaxle ..........................
Into Park (P) .................................
2-22
OutofPark(P)
............................... 2-25
1- 16
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster.....................
2-29
SignalingTurns ................................
Skidding ......................................
4-13
3-26
Sound Equipment. Adding ........................
5-32
Spare Tire. Compact.............................
6-58
Specifications and Capacities ......................
Specifications. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i 8-3
2-49
Speedometer ...................................
SRS ..........................................
1-21
Stains. Cleaning . . . : ............................
6-44
Starter Switch Check ............................. 7-37
2-13
Starting Your Engine ............................
Steam ........................................ 5-13
Steering ....................................... 4-9
7-38
Column Lock Check . . . . . . ....................
InEmergencies ............................... 4-10
4.9,6.24
Power ..................................
Tips .........................................
4-9
. Wheel Touch Controls .........................
3-22
Wheel Touch Controls Fuse Panel ................ 6-55
Wheel. Tilt ...................................2-28
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
6-30
Storage. Vehicle .................................
Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow.................. 5-33
2-45
Sunvisors ....................................
Sunroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-46
1-21
Supplemental Restraint System ....................
Surge Tank. Coolant ............................. 5-17
6-23
Surge Tank Pressure Cap .........................
Symbols.. Vehicle .................................. x
2-49
Tachometer ..................................
6-33
Taillamp Bulb Replacement .......................
3-26
TapePlayerCare ................................
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-10
Theft-Deterrent Feature, CD Player ................ 3-23
3-23
THEFTLOCK" ................................
6-23
Thermostat .....................................
Third Gear, Automatic Transaxle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-19
2-28
Tilt Steering Wheel .............................
3-5
Time, Setting the ................................
6-42
Tirechains ....................................
TireLoading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30
9-9
.
.
.
Tires ..........................................
6-35
6-40
Alignment and Balance ........................
6-38
Buying New ..................................
6-42
Chains .....................................
.. Changing a Flat
.............................. 5-21
6-48
Cleaning ....................................
5-32
Compact Spare ...............................
. Inflation ....................................
6-36
7-35
Inflationcheck ................................
6-37
Inspection and Rotation ........................
4-30
Loading ....................................
6-36
Pressure ....................................
6-40
Temperature ..................................
Traction ..................................... 6-40
Treadwear ...................................
6-39
Unifom Qudity Grading ....................... 6-39
6-41
Used Replacement Wheel ......................
WearIndicators ...............................6-38
6-40
Wheel Replacement ...........................
6-38
When 1t’s.Time for New .......................
TopStrap .....................................
1-38
2-24
TorqueLock ...................................
5-29, 6-58
Torque, Wheel Nut ..........................
Towing
From the Front ...............................
4-28
4-29
From the Rear ...............................
RecreationalVehicle ..........................
4-28
Trailer ......................................
4- 32
5-7
Vehicle .......................................
Trailer
Brakes ......................................4- 35
Driving on Grades ............................4-38
9-10
Driving with ..................................
4-36
4-35
Hitches ......................................
4-38
Maintenance When Towing ......................
4-38
Parking on Hills ...............................
4-35
Safety Chains ................................
Tongueweight ...............................
4-34
4-34
Total Weight on Tires ..........................
4-32
Towing .....................................
4-37
Turnsignals .................................
Weight .....................................
4-33
Transaxle Fluid, Automatic .......................
6-17
Transmitters, Remote Keyless Entry ................. 2-6
8-5
Transportation,Co’urtesy ..........................
2-49
Trip Odometer .................................
TrUnk
2-9
Release, Remote ................................
8-3
TTYUsers .....................................
Turn Signal and Lane Change Signals ............... 2-29
2-30
TurnSignalOnChime ...........................
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever ................... 2-29
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer................ 4-37
Underbody Flushing Service .....................
UnderbodyMaintenance .........................
7-38
6-49
Vehicle
Control ......................................
4-5
ix
Damagewarnings ..............................
Dimensions ..................................
6-60
Identification Number .......................... 6-51
Loading .................................... 4-30
6-30
Storage .....................................
.
Ventilation System .................................
VisorVanityMirrors ............................
Visors. Sun ....................................
3-3
2-45
2-45
warning Devices ............................... 5-2
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators ...............2-50
6-24
WasherFluid.Windshield ........................
6-47
Washing Your Vehicle ...........................
Weatherstrips ..................................
6-46
Wheel
Alignment ..................................
6-40
NutTorque ..............................
5-29. 6-58
Replacement .................................
6-40
Used Replacement ............................6-41
Wrench .....................................
5-21
2-27
Windows .....................................
Auto-Down ................................. 2-27
2-27
Power ......................................
WindshieldWasher ..............................
2-32
Fluid .................................. 2.33. 6.24
7-35
Fluid Level Check ............................
WindshieldWiper ..............................
2-31
BladeReplacement ........................... 6-34
Windshield Wipers .........................
6-52. 6-58
4-24
Winter Driving .I ................................
Wiring.Headlamp ..............................
6-52
WreckerTowing ..............................-...5-7
Wrench. Wheel .................................
5-21
-NOTES
9-12
I
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