Asus | A7Vb | - Motherboards.org

®
A7V
JumperFree™ PC133/VC133
200MHz FSB AGP Pro/4X
Socket A Motherboard
USER’S MANUAL
USER'S NOTICE
No part of this manual, including the products and software described in it, may be reproduced,
transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language in any form
or by any means, except documentation kept by the purchaser for backup purposes, without the
express written permission of ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. (“ASUS”).
ASUS PROVIDES THIS MANUAL “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL ASUS, ITS DIRECTORS, OFFICERS, EMPLOYEES OR
AGENTS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF BUSINESS,
LOSS OF USE OR DATA, INTERRUPTION OF BUSINESS AND THE LIKE), EVEN IF ASUS
HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY
DEFECT OR ERROR IN THIS MANUAL OR PRODUCT.
Product warranty or service will not be extended if: (1) the product is repaired, modified or altered, unless such repair, modification of alteration is authorized in writing by ASUS; or (2) the
serial number of the product is defaced or missing.
Products and corporate names appearing in this manual may or may not be registered trademarks
or copyrights of their respective companies, and are used only for identification or explanation
and to the owners’ benefit, without intent to infringe.
• VIA and KT133 are trademarks of VIA Technologies, Inc.
• AMD, Athlon™ are trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
• Windows and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
• Adobe and Acrobat are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
• Trend and ChipAwayVirus are trademarks of Trend Micro, Inc.
• Other company and product names may be trademarks or registered trademarks of the respective
companies with which they are associated.
The product name and revision number are both printed on the product itself. Manual revisions
are released for each product design represented by the digit before and after the period of the
manual revision number. Manual updates are represented by the third digit in the manual revision
number.
For previous or updated manuals, BIOS, drivers, or product release information, contact ASUS at
http://www.asus.com.tw or through any of the means indicated on the following page.
SPECIFICATIONS AND INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL ARE FURNISHED
FOR INFORMATIONAL USE ONLY, AND ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE, AND SHOULD NOT BE CONSTRUED AS A COMMITMENT BY ASUS. ASUS
ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR ANY ERRORS OR INACCURACIES THAT MAY APPEAR IN THIS MANUAL, INCLUDING THE PRODUCTS AND SOFTWARE DESCRIBED IN IT.
Copyright © 2000 ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. All Rights Reserved.
Product Name:
ASUS A7V
Manual Revision: 1.03 E601
Release Date:
August 2000
2
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
ASUS CONTACT INFORMATION
ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC. (Asia-Pacific)
Marketing
Address:
Telephone:
Fax:
Email:
150 Li-Te Road, Peitou, Taipei, Taiwan 112
+886-2-2894-3447
+886-2-2894-3449
info@asus.com.tw
Technical Support
MB/Others (Tel): +886-2-2890-7121 (English)
Notebook (Tel):
+886-2-2890-7122 (English)
Desktop/Server (Tel):+886-2-2890-7123 (English)
Fax:
+886-2-2895-9254
Email:
tsd@asus.com.tw
WWW:
www.asus.com.tw
FTP:
ftp.asus.com.tw/pub/ASUS
ASUS COMPUTER INTERNATIONAL (America)
Marketing
Address:
Fax:
Email:
6737 Mowry Avenue, Mowry Business Center, Building 2
Newark, CA 94560, USA
+1-510-608-4555
tmd1@asus.com
Technical Support
Fax:
Email:
WWW:
FTP:
+1-510-608-4555
tsd@asus.com
www.asus.com
ftp.asus.com/Pub/ASUS
ASUS COMPUTER GmbH (Europe)
Marketing
Address:
Fax:
Email:
Harkortstr. 25, 40880 Ratingen, BRD, Germany
+49-2102-442066
sales@asuscom.de (for marketing requests only)
Technical Support
Hotline:
Fax:
Support (Email):
WWW:
FTP:
MB/Others: +49-2102-9599-0 Notebook: +49-2102-9599-10
+49-2102-9599-11
www.asuscom.de/de/support (for online support)
www.asuscom.de
ftp.asuscom.de/pub/ASUSCOM
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3
CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION
7
1.1 How This Manual Is Organized ................................................... 7
1.2 Item Checklist .............................................................................. 7
2. FEATURES
8
2.1 The ASUS A7V ............................................................................ 8
2.1.1 Specifications ..................................................................... 8
2.1.2 Special Features ................................................................ 10
2.1.3 Performance Features ....................................................... 10
2.1.4 Intelligence ....................................................................... 11
2.2 Motherboard Components .......................................................... 12
2.2.1 Component Locations ....................................................... 13
3. HARDWARE SETUP
14
3.1 Motherboard Layout .................................................................. 14
3.2 Layout Contents ......................................................................... 15
3.3 Hardware Setup Procedure ......................................................... 17
3.4 Motherboard Settings ................................................................. 17
3.5 System Memory (DIMM) .......................................................... 25
3.5.1 General DIMM Notes ....................................................... 25
3.5.2 Memory Installation ......................................................... 26
3.6 Central Processing Unit (CPU) .................................................. 27
3.6.1 ASUS P2T-Cable .............................................................. 28
3.7 Expansion Cards ........................................................................ 28
3.7.1 Expansion Card Installation Procedure ............................ 28
3.7.2 Assigning IRQs for Expansion Cards .............................. 30
3.7.3 Accelerated Graphics Port Pro (AGP Pro) ....................... 31
3.7.4 Audio Modem Riser (AMR) Slot ..................................... 32
3.8 External Connectors ................................................................... 33
3.9 Starting Up the First Time .......................................................... 45
4. BIOS SETUP
47
4.1 Managing and Updating Your BIOS .......................................... 47
4.1.1 Upon First Use of the Computer System .......................... 47
4.1.2 Updating BIOS Procedures .............................................. 48
4.2 BIOS Setup Program .................................................................. 51
4.2.1 BIOS Menu Bar ................................................................ 52
4.2.2 Legend Bar ....................................................................... 52
4
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
CONTENTS
4.3 Main Menu ................................................................................. 54
4.3.1 Primary & Secondary Master/Slave ................................. 55
4.3.2 Keyboard Features ............................................................ 58
4.4 Advanced Menu ......................................................................... 60
4.4.1 Chip Configuration ........................................................... 63
4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration ................................................. 66
4.4.3 PCI Configuration ............................................................ 69
4.4.4 Shadow Configuration ...................................................... 73
4.5 Power Menu ............................................................................... 74
4.5.1 Power Up Control ............................................................. 76
4.5.2 Hardware Monitor ............................................................ 78
4.6 Boot Menu ................................................................................. 79
4.7 Exit Menu ................................................................................... 81
5. SOFTWARE SETUP
83
5.1 Install Operating System ............................................................ 83
5.2 Start Windows ............................................................................ 83
5.3 A7V Series Motherboard Support CD ....................................... 84
5.4 VIA 4 in 1 drivers ....................................................................... 85
5.5 Win95-98 Promise Ultra 100 IDE Controller ............................ 86
5.6 ASUS PC Probe Vx.xx .............................................................. 87
5.7 ASUS Update Vx.xx .................................................................. 88
5.8 PC-Cillin 98 Vx.xx .................................................................... 89
5.9 ADOBE Acrobat Reader Vx.xx ................................................. 90
5.10Cyberlink Video and Audio Applications .................................. 91
5.11 Uninstalling Programs ................................................................ 92
6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
95
6.1 ASUS PC Probe ......................................................................... 95
6.2 CyberLink PowerPlayer SE ..................................................... 100
6.3 CyberLink PowerDVD ............................................................ 100
6.4 CyberLink VideoLive Mail ...................................................... 102
7. APPENDIX
105
7.1 PCI-L101 Fast Ethernet Card ................................................... 105
7.2 Modem Riser ............................................................................ 107
7.3 Glossary ................................................................................... 109
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
5
FCC & DOC COMPLIANCE
Federal Communications Commission Statement
This device complies with FCC Rules Part 15. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
•
•
This device may not cause harmful interference, and
This device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if
not installed and used in accordance with manufacturer's instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
WARNING! Any changes or modifications to this product not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void any assurances of safety or performance
and could result in violation of Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Reprinted from the Code of Federal Regulations #47, part 15.193, 1993. Washington DC: Office of the
Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office.
Canadian Department of Communications Statement
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions
from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian
Department of Communications.
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
6
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
1. INTRODUCTION
1. INTRODUCTION
Manual / Checklist
1.1 How This Manual Is Organized
This manual is divided into the following sections:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
INTRODUCTION
FEATURES
HARDWARE SETUP
BIOS SETUP
SOFTWARE SETUP
SOFTWARE REFERENCE
APPENDIX
Manual information and checklist
Production information and specifications
Instructions on setting up the motherboard.
Instructions on setting up the BIOS
Instructions on setting up the included software
Reference material for the included software
Optional items and general reference
1.2 Item Checklist
Check that your package is complete. If you discover damaged or missing items,
contact your retailer.
Package Contents
Optional Items
(1) ASUS Motherboard
ASUS CIDB chassis intrusion detection module
(1) 40-pin 80-conductor ribbon
ASUS IrDA-compliant infrared
cable for internal UltraDMA/
module
100 / UltraDMA/66 (also
compatible with UltraDMA/33
ASUS PCI-L101 Wake-On-LAN 10/
IDE drives/devices)
100 Ethernet Card
(1) Ribbon cable for internal
ASUS MR-I Modem Riser Card
UltraDMA/33 IDE drives
(1) Ribbon cable for one 5.25” and
two 3.5” floppy disk drives
(1) ASUS 3-port USB Connector Set
(1) ASUS P2T (Thermal Sensor) Cable
NOTE: Not included on
motherboards with PCB Rev.
1.02 and later (sensor is already
built in). To check the PCB
version, refer to 22) IDE
Activity LED in 3. HARDWARE SETUP.
(1) Bag of spare jumper caps
(1) ASUS Support CD with drivers
and utilities
(1) This Motherboard User’s
Manual
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
7
2. FEATURES
2.1 The ASUS A7V
The ASUS A7V motherboard is carefully designed for the demanding PC user who
wants advanced features processed by the fastest processors.
2.1.1 Specifications
•
2. FEATURES
Specifications
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8
AMD Athlon™/Duron™ Processor Support: Supports Socket A-based AMD
Athlon™/Duron™ processors.
North Bridge System Chipset: Features the VIA VT8363 (VIA Apollo KT133)
system controller with support for a 200MHz Front Side Bus (FSB); up to 1.5GB
of PC133/PC100 SDRAM / VC 133 Virtual Channel Memory (VCM) SDRAM;
complies with AGP 2.0 specifications for 4X, 2X, and 1X AGP modes; and PCI
2.2. bus interface with support for 5 PCI masters. It is optimized to deliver enhanced AMD Athlon™/Duron™ processor system performance.
“Super South” South Bridge System PCIset: VIA VT82C686A PCIset with
PCI Super-I/O Integrated Peripheral Controller (PSIPC) with support for
UltraDMA/66, which allows burst mode data transfer rates of up to 66.6MB/sec;
AC97 audio; USB controller with root hub and four function ports.
PC133 SDRAM / VC133 VCM Support: Equipped with three Dual Inline
Memory Module (DIMM) sockets to support Intel PC133/PC100-compliant (8,
16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or 512MB) or NEC’s VC133-compliant Virtual Channel
(VC) SDRAM up to 1.5GB. VC SDRAM is a new DRAM core architecture that
dramatically improves the memory system’s ability to service, among others, high
multimedia requirements.
Stepless Frequency Selection: Allows CPU external (FSB) frequency settings
to be set in 1MHz-increments or reduction.
JumperFree™ Mode: Allows processor settings and easy overclocking of frequency and Vcore voltage all through BIOS setup when JumperFree™ mode is
enabled. Easy-to-use DIP switches instead of jumpers are included to allow
manual adjustment of the processor’s external frequency.
AGP Pro Slot: Supports AGP/AGP Pro cards for high performance, component
level interconnection targeted at 3D graphical applications supporting 133MHz
4X mode.
UltraDMA/100 Support: Comes with an onboard PCI Bus Master IDE controller with two connectors that support four ATA100 devices on two channels
and two connectors that support four ATA66/33 devices on two channels. Supports UltraDMA/100, UltraDMA/66, UltraDMA/33, PIO Modes 3 & 4 and Bus
Master IDE DMA Mode 2, and Enhanced IDE devices, such as DVD-ROM,
CD-ROM, CD-R/RW, LS-120, and Tape Backup drives.
Wake-On-LAN Connector: Supports Wake-On-LAN activity through an optional ASUS PCI-L101 10/100 Fast Ethernet PCI card (see 7. Appendix).
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Wake-On-Ring Connector: Supports Wake-On-Ring activity through a PCI
modem card that supports a WOR connector.
USB: Supports up to 7 USB ports, two on the back panel and five midboard, for
more peripheral connectivity options.
PC Health Monitoring: Provides an easy way to examine and manage system
status information, such as CPU and system voltages, temperatures, and fan
status through the onboard hardware ASUS ASIC and the bundled ASUS PC
Probe.
SMBus: Features the System Management Bus interface, which is used to physically transport commands and information between SMBus devices.
PCI/AMR Expansion Slots: Provides five 32-bit PCI (Rev. 2.2) expansion
slots, which can support Bus Master PCI cards, such as SCSI or LAN cards (PCI
supports up to 133MB/s maximum throughput), and one Audio Modem Riser
(AMR) slot (shared), which supports a very affordable audio and/or modem
riser card.
Super Multi-I/O: Provides two high-speed UART compatible serial ports and
one parallel port with EPP and ECP capabilities.
Enhanced ACPI & Anti-Boot Virus Protection: Programmable BIOS (Flash
EEPROM), offering enhanced ACPI for Windows 98 compatibility, built-in firmware-based virus protection, and autodetection of most devices for virtually automatic setup.
Concurrent PCI: Concurrent PCI allows multiple PCI transfers from PCI master busses to the memory and processor.
Smart BIOS: 2Mb firmware provides Vcore and CPU/SDRAM frequency adjustments, boot block write protection, and HD/SCSI/MO/ZIP/CD/Floppy boot
selection. Power supply is autodetected to enable/disable suspend-to-RAM.
Integrated Infrared (IrDA) Support: Integrated IR supports an optional remote control package for wireless interfacing with external peripherals, personal gadgets, or an optional remote controller.
Desktop Management Interface (DMI): Supports DMI through BIOS, which
allows hardware to communicate within a standard protocol creating a higher
level of compatibility. (Requires DMI-enabled components.)
Promise PCI-ATA100 Support: Provides optional support to PCI-ATA100
controller to provide Ultra DMA/100 solutions.
Color-coded Connectors: To enhance user accessibility to system components and
to meet PC 99 compliancy, major connectors in this motherboard are color-coded.
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
Specifications
•
9
2. FEATURES
2.1.2 Special Features
•
2. FEATURES
Performance
•
•
•
•
ACPI Ready: Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) provides
more Energy Saving Features for operating systems that support OS Direct Power
Management (OSPM) functionality. With these features implemented in the OS,
PCs can be ready around the clock, yet satisfy all the energy saving standards.
To fully utilize the benefits of ACPI, an ACPI-supported OS, such as Windows
98 must be used.
Easy Installation: Incorporates BIOS that supports autodetection of hard disk
drives, PS/2 mouse, and Plug and Play devices to make the setup of hard disk
drives, expansion cards, and other devices virtually automatic.
Suspend and Go: Suspend-to-RAM (STR) provides maximum power savings
as an alternative to leaving the computer ON and QuickStart™ so that you do
not have to wait for a long time for system bootup.
New Compliancy: Both the BIOS and hardware levels of this motherboard meet
the stringent requirements for PC 99 certification The new PC 99 requirements
for systems and components are based on the following high-level goals: Support for Plug and Play compatibility and power management for configuring
and managing all system components, and 32-bit device drivers and installation
procedures for Windows95/98/NT . Color-coded connectors and descriptive icons
make identification easy as required by PC 99.
Symbios SCSI BIOS: Supports optional ASUS SCSI controller cards through
the onboard SYMBIOS firmware.
2.1.3 Performance Features
•
•
•
10
Concurrent PCI: Concurrent PCI allows multiple PCI transfers from PCI master busses to the memory and processor.
High-Speed Data Transfer Interface: IDE transfers using UltraDMA/66 Bus
Master IDE can handle rates up to 66.6MB/s. This motherboard with its chipset
and support for UltraDMA/100 increases the data transfer rate to 100MB/s.
UltraDMA/100 is backward compatible with DMA/66, DMA/33, and DMA and
with existing DMA devices and systems so there is no need to upgrade current
EIDE/IDE drives and host systems. (UltraDMA/66 and UltraDMA/100 require
a 40-pin 80-conductor cable to be enabled.)
VCM/SDRAM Optimized Performance: This motherboard supports a new generation memory, NEC’s 64Mb Virtual Channel Memory (VCM) Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory (SDRAM), which is compatible to the industry
standard SDRAM. The VCM’s core design provides up to 50% higher SDRAM
speed at reduced power consumption of about 30%. This motherboard also supports
standard SDRAM, which increases the data transfer rate (1.064GB/s max using
PC133-compliant SDRAMs and 800MB/s max using PC100-compliant SDRAMs).
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
2.1.4 Intelligence
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Auto Fan Off: The system fans will power off automatically even in sleep
mode. This function reduces both energy consumption and system noise, and is
an important feature in implementing silent PC systems.
Dual Function Power Button: Pushing the power button for less than 4 seconds when the system is in the working state places the system into one of two
states: sleep mode or soft-off mode, depending on the BIOS or OS setting (see
PWR Button < 4 Secs in 4.5 Power Menu). When the power button is pressed
for more than 4 seconds, the system enters the soft-off mode regardless of the
BIOS setting.
Fan Status Monitoring and Alarm: To prevent system overheat and system
damage, the CPU, power supply, and system fans can be monitored for RPM
and failure. All fans are set for its normal RPM range and alarm thresholds.
Message LED (requires ACPI OS support): Turbo LEDs now act as information providers. Through the way a particular LED illuminates, the user can determine if there are messages waiting in the mailbox. A simple glimpse provides
useful information to the user.
Remote Ring On (requires modem): This allows a computer to be turned on
remotely through an internal or external modem. With this benefit on-hand, users
can access vital information from their computers from anywhere in the world!
System Resources Alert: Today’s operating systems such as Windows 95/98/
NT and OS/2, require much more memory and hard drive space to present enormous user interfaces and run large applications. The system resource monitor
will warn the user before the system resources are used up to prevent possible
application crashes. Suggestions will give the user information on managing
their limited resources more efficiently.
Temperature Monitoring and Alert: CPU temperature is monitored by the
ASUS ASIC to prevent system overheat and system damage.
Voltage Monitoring and Alert: System voltage levels are monitored to ensure
stable voltage to critical motherboard components. Voltage specifications are
more critical for future processors, so monitoring is necessary to ensure proper
system configuration and management.
Chassis Intrusion Detection: Supports chassis-intrusion monitoring through
the ASUS ASIC. A chassis intrusion event is kept in memory on battery power
for more protection.
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
Intelligence
•
11
2. FEATURES
2.2 Motherboard Components
See opposite page for locations.
Location
Processor Support Socket A for Socket A AMD Athlon/Duron Processors ........... 3
(NOTE: Starting with PCB Rev. 1.02, the CPU thermal sensor is
integrated on the motherboard, located near the center of the
CPU heat source, just below the CPU socket)
Feature Setting DIP Switches ................................................... 6
2. FEATURES
MB Components
Chipsets VIA VT8363 (VIA Apollo KT133) system controller .............. 2
VIA VT82C686A PCIset ......................................................... 16
2Mbit Programmable Flash EEPROM ................................... 11
Main Memory Maximum 1.5GB support
3 DIMM Sockets ...................................................................... 4
VC133/PC133 memory support
Expansion Slots 5 PCI Slots .............................................................................. 19
1 Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Pro Slot ......................... 22
1 Audio Modem Riser (AMR) Slot ........................ (Shared) 18
System I/O 1 Floppy Disk Driver Connector .............................................. 8
2 IDE Connectors (UltraDMA/66 Support) ............................. 7
2 IDE Connectors (UltraDMA/100 Support) ........................... 9
1 Parallel Port Connector ............................................. (Top) 26
1 Serial COM1 Port Connector .............................. (Bottom) 27
1 Serial COM2 Port Connector .............................. (Bottom) 25
USB Connectors (Port 0 & Port 1) ........................................ 28
USB Connectors (Port 2 & Port 3) ......................................... 12
USB Connectors (Ports 4–6) .................................................. 14
1 PS/2 Mouse Connector .............................................. (Top) 29
1 PS/2 Keyboard Connector ................................... (Bottom) 29
Audio AC’97 V2.1 Audio Codec (optional) ..................................... 20
1 Game/MIDI Connector (on audio model only) ......... (Top) 23
1 Line Out Connector (on audio model only) ........ (Bottom) 23
1 Line In Connector (on audio model only) ........... (Bottom) 23
1 Microphone Connector (on audio model only) ... (Bottom) 23
Network Features Wake-On-LAN Connector ...................................................... 17
Wake-On-Ring Connector ...................................................... 13
Hardware Monitoring System Voltage Monitoring (integrated in ASUS ASIC) ....... 15
3 Fan Power and Speed Monitoring Connectors
Power ATX Power Supply Connector ................................................. 5
Special Feature Onboard LED ......................................................................... 21
Promise® Ultra DMA/100 Chip ............................................ 10
VRM Module ........................................................................... 1
Form Factor ATX
12
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
2. FEATURES
2.2.1 Component Locations
1
2
3
4
5 6
7
8
29
28
2. FEATURES
MB Components
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
-
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
13
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.1 Motherboard Layout
24.5cm (9.64in)
DIMM1 (64/72 bit, 168-pin module)
3 2
1 0
CPU_FAN
VIA
CR2032 3V
Lithium Cell
CMOS Power
CHA_FAN
DIP Switches
DSW DSFID
VT8363
AGP4X &
PC133 Memory
Controller
PLED
SMB
PCI Slot 1
Audio
Codec
VIA
VT82C686A
PCI Slot 2
HPHONE
MODEM
PRIMARY Ultra ATA100 IDE
MIC2
Accelerated Graphic Port (AGP PRO)
VIDEO
CD
AUX
SECONDARY IDE
ATA100
IDE
Controller
Mic
In
2Mbit Flash EEPROM
(Programmable BIOS)
Line
In
PCI Slot 3
SPK
ADN#
AUD_EN2
AUD_EN1
WOR
PCI Slot 4
A7V
WOLCON
PCI Slot 5
Audio Modem Riser
(AMR)
ASUS
ASIC
AS99127
30.6cm (12in)
DIMM2 (64/72 bit, 168-pin module)
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Layout
F_FAN
Line
Out
CLRTC
FLOPPY
DIMM3 (64/72 bit, 168-pin module)
Socket 462
SK7VRM
PARALLEL PORT
COM2
3VSBSLT
PRIMARY IDE
0 1
Row 5 4
JTCPU
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
ATX Power Connector
0 1
COM1
0 1
USB
T: Port0
B: Port1
GAME_AUDIO
PWR_FAN
VIO
JTPWR
SECONDARY Ultra ATA100 IDE
PS/2
T: Mouse
B: Keyboard
CHASSIS IR
JEN
IDELED
USBPORT USB3A USB3
PANEL
Grayed components are optional at the time of purchase (JTCPU is no longer necessary on motherboards with PCB versions 1.02 and later)
14
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.2 Layout Contents
Motherboard Settings
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
JEN
AUDIOCODEC
3VSBSLT
VIO
DSW 1–4
DSFID 1–4
VID1/VID2/VID3/VID4
p. 18
p. 19
p. 20
p. 21
p. 22
p. 23
p. 24
JumperFree Mode (JumperFree/Jumper Mode)
Onboard Audio Setting (Enable/Enable)
PCI 3Volt Setting (3 Volt/3 VSB)
I/O Voltage Setting (3.35 Volt/3.56 Volt/3.69 Volt)
CPU External Frequency Setting
CPU Core: BUS Frequency Multiple
Voltage Regulator Output Setting
p.24
p.25
p.27
p.29
p.31
p.32
System Memory Support
DIMM Memory Module Support
CPU Support
32-bit PCI Bus Expansion Slots
Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) Pro
Audio Modem Riser (AMR) Slot
p.33
p.33
p.34
p.34
p.34
p.35
p.35
p.35
p.36
PS/2 Mouse Port Connector (6 pin-female)
PS/2 Keyboard Port Connector (6-pin female)
Universal Serial Bus Connectors 0 & 1 (Two 4-pin female)
Serial Port Connector (9-pin male)
Parallel Port Connector (25-pin female)
Game/MIDI Connector (15-pin female) (optional)
Audio Port Connectors (Three 1/8” female) (optional)
Floppy Disk Drive Port Connector (34 pins)
IDE Connectors (Four 40-1 pins)
p. 37
p. 37
p. 38
p. 38
p. 39
Chassis Intrusion Lead (4-1 pins)
Infrared Module Connector (5 pins)
Wake-On-LAN Connector (3 pins)
Wake-On-Ring Connector (2 pins)
Chassis, Power Supply, CPU, F_ Fan Connectors (3 pins)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
System Memory
DIMM1/2/3
Socket 462 (Socket A)
PCI1/2/3/4/5
AGP PRO
AMR
3. H/W SETUP
Layout Contents
Expansion Slots/Sockets
Connectors
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
PS2KBMS
PS2KBMS
USB
COM1/COM2
PRINTER
GAME_AUDIO
GAME_AUDIO
FLOPPY
PRIMARY IDE
SECONDARY IDE
PRIMARY ATA100
SECONDARY ATA100
CHASSIS
IR
WOL_CON
WOR
PWR_, CPU_,CHA_FAN
F_FAN
CD_IN, AUX, VIDEO
MODEM
MIC2
HPHONE
p. 40 Internal Audio Connectors (4 4-pin)
p. 40 Internal Microphone Header (3 pins)
p. 40 Headphone True-Level Out Header (3 pins)
continued...
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
15
3. HARDWARE SETUP
18) USB3A, USBPORT,
USB3
19) SMB
20) ATXPWR
21) JTPWR
22) IDELED
23) PWR.LED (PANEL)
24) SPEAKER (PANEL)
25) MSG.LED (PANEL)
26) SMI (PANEL)
27) PWR.SW (PANEL)
28) RESET (PANEL)
p. 41 USB Headers (5-1 pins / 10-1 pins)
p. 41
p. 42
p. 42
p. 43
p. 44
p. 44
p. 44
p. 44
p. 44
p. 44
SMBus Connector (5-1 pins)
ATX Power Supply Connector (20 pins)
Power Supply Thermal Sensor Connector (2 pins)
IDE Activity LED (2 pins)
System Power LED Lead (3 pins)
System Warning Speaker Connector (4 pins)
System Message LED (2 pins)
System Management Interrupt Lead (2 pins)
ATX / Soft-Off Switch Lead (2 pins)
Reset Switch Lead (2 pins)
3. H/W SETUP
Layout Contents
16
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.3 Hardware Setup Procedure
Before using your computer, you must complete the following steps:
1. Check Motherboard Settings
2. Install Memory Modules
3. Install the Central Processing Unit (CPU)
4. Install Expansion Cards
5. Connect Ribbon Cables, Panel Wires, and Power Supply
6. Setup the BIOS Software
3.4 Motherboard Settings
This section explains in detail how to change your motherboard’s function settings
through the use of switches and/or jumpers.
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
WARNING! Computer motherboards and expansion cards contain very delicate
Integrated Circuit (IC) chips. To protect them against damage from static electricity, you should follow some precautions whenever you work on your computer.
1. Unplug your computer when working on the inside.
2. Use a grounded wrist strap before handling computer components. If you do
not have one, touch both of your hands to a safely grounded object or to a
metal object, such as the power supply case.
3. Hold components by the edges and try not to touch the IC chips, leads or
connectors, or other components.
4. Place components on a grounded antistatic pad or on the bag that came with
the component whenever the components are separated from the system.
5. Ensure that the ATX power supply is switched off before you plug in or
remove the ATX power connector on the motherboard.
WARNING! Make sure that you unplug your power supply when adding or removing system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to your
motherboard, peripherals, and/or components. The onboard LED when lit acts as
a reminder that the system is in suspend or soft-off mode and not powered OFF.
0 1
0 1
0 1
ON
Standby
Power
OFF
Powered
Off
A7V
A7V Onboard LED
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
17
3. HARDWARE SETUP
Motherboard Features Settings (DIP Switches - DSW)
The motherboard’s onboard functions are adjusted through the DIP switches. The
white block represents the switch’s position. The example below shows all the
switches in the OFF position.
0 1
0 1
0 1
DSW
4 3 2 1
OFF
ON
ON
1. Frequency Selection
2. Frequency Selection
3. Frequency Selection
4. Frequency Selection
A7PRO
A7V DIP Switches
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
1) JumperFree™ Mode (JEN)
This jumper allows you to enable or disable the JumperFree™ mode. The
JumperFree™ mode allows processor settings to be made through the BIOS
setup (see 4.4 Advanced Menu).
Setting
Jumper Mode
JumperFree™Mode (Default)
DSW
All ON
All OFF
VID
JEN
(See Volt. Reg. Out.) [1-2]
All [3-4]
[2-3]
Jumper Mode
JumperFree Mode
(Default)
DSW
4 3 2 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
OFF
ON
DSW
4 3 2 1
OFF
ON
ON
ON
1 2 3 4
See Voltage Reg.
Out. (VID)
JEN
A7PRO
JEN
1 2
A7V Jumper Mode Settings
18
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
2 3
3. HARDWARE SETUP
2) Onboard Audio Setting (AUDIOCODEC)
The onboard audio CODEC may be enabled or disabled using all of these jumpers. Disable the onboard audio CODEC if you are using a PCI audio card on any
of the expansion slots or a primary AMR on the AMR slot. If using a PCI audio
expansion card, Onboard AC’97 Audio Controller in 4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration of the BIOS must also be disabled.
NOTE: This setting is available only on motherboards with the onboard audio option.
AUDIOCODEC
[1-2] [1-2] [1-2] [1-2] (default)
[2-3] [2-3] [2-3] [2-3]
Enable
Disable
Onboard
Audio Codec
(Default)
Onboard
Audio Codec
0 1
0 1
1 2
SPK
ADN#
AUD_EN2
AUD_EN1
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
0 1
Setting
Enable
Disable
2 3
SPK
ADN#
AUD_EN2
AUD_EN1
A7V
A7V Audio Codec Setting
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
19
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3) PCI 3Volt Setting (3VSBSLT)
This jumper allows you to select the voltage supplied to PCI devices. If you
have PCI devices that require auxiliary power, set this jumper to 3 VSB.
3VSBSLT
[1-2]
[2-3] (default)
0 1
0 1
Setting
3 Volt
3 VSB
3VSBSLT
0 1
1 2
Add 3 Volt
2 3
Add 3 VSB
(Default)
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
A7V
A7V PCI 3Volt Selection
20
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
4) I/O Voltage Setting (VIO)
VIO allows you to select the voltage supplied to the DRAM, chipset, AGP, PCI,
and the CPU’s I/O buffer. The default voltage (3.56V) should be used unless
processor overclocking requires a higher voltage.
VIO
[1-2]
[2-3] (default)
[3-4]
0 1
0 1
Setting
3.35 Volt
3.56 Volt
3.69 Volt
0 1
VIO
3.35 Volt
2 3
3.56 Volt
(Default)
3 4
3.69 Volt
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
1 2
A7V
A7V VIO Setting
WARNING! Using a higher voltage may help when overclocking but may result in the shortening of your computer component’s life. It is strongly recommended that you leave this setting on its default.
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
21
3. HARDWARE SETUP
5) CPU External Frequency Setting (DSW Switches 1–4)
This option tells the clock generator what frequency to send to the CPU, SDRAM,
and the chipset. This allows the selection of the CPU’s External frequency. The
CPU External Frequency multiplied by the Frequency Multiple equals the CPU’s
Internal frequency (the advertised CPU speed).
IMPORTANT:
1. To use this feature, JEN [see 1) JumperFree™ Mode (JEN) in 3. HARDWARE SETUP] must be set to Jumper mode or [1-2].
2. In JumperFree mode, all dip switches (DSW-1–DSW-4) must be set to OFF.
3. When JumperFree mode is enabled, use BIOS setup in place of these switches
(set Operating Frequency Setting to User Define under 4.4 Advanced Menu
in BIOS Setup so you can set the CPU Frequency).
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
4 3 2 1
ON
CPU 90.00 MHz
PCI 30.00 MHz
4 3 2 1
ON
95.00 MHz
31.67 MHz
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
ON
ON
101.00 MHz 102.00 MHz
33.67 MHz 34.00 MHz
0 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
ON
ON
ON
0 1
0 1
CPU 100.00 MHz 103.00 MHz 105.00 MHz
PCI 33.57 MHz 34.33 MHz 35.00 MHz
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
ON
ON
ON
ON
CPU 107.00 MHz 109.00 MHz 110.00 MHz 111.00 MHz
PCI 35.67 MHz 36.33 MHz 36.67 MHz 37.00 MHz
A7V
A7V CPU External
Frequency Selection
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
4 3 2 1
ON
ON
ON
ON
CPU 113.00 MHz 115.00 MHz 117.00 MHz 133.30 MHz
PCI 37.67 MHz 39.33 MHz 39.00 MHz 33.33 MHz
NOTE: The motherboard supports PC100 / PC133 DIMMs or VC SDRAMs
for system memory. Registered DIMMs are not supported [see 3.5 System
Memory (DIMM)].
WARNING! Frequencies other than the recommended CPU bus frequencies are
not guaranteed to be stable. Overclocking your processor is not recommended. It
may result in a slower speed and premature wearing of the processor.
22
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
6) CPU Core:BUS Frequency Multiple (DSFID Switches 1–4)
This option sets the frequency multiple between the Internal frequency of the
CPU and the CPU’s External frequency. These must be set in conjunction with the
CPU Bus Frequency.
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
ON
ON
5.0x(5/1)
5.5x(11/2)
6.0x(6/1)
6.5x(13/2)
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
0 1
0 1
0 1
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
7.0x(7/1)
7.5x(15/2)
8.0x(8/1)
8.5x(17/2)
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
ON
ON
ON
ON
9.0x(9/1)
9.5x(119/2)
10.0x(10/1)
10.5x(21/2)
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
6 5 4 3 2 1
A7V CPU Core:Bus
Frequency Multiple
ON
ON
ON
11.0x(11/1)
11.5x(23/1)
12.0x(12/1)
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
A7V
ON
12.5x(25X/1)
NOTE: If your processor does not have a locked Frequency Multiple, you must
use CPU Core:Bus Freq. Multiple to set the Frequency Multiple. If the Frequency Multiple of your processor is locked, setting the Frequency Multiple will
have no effect.
Manual CPU Settings
NOTE: JumperFree mode must be disabled .
Set the DIP switches by the internal speed of your processor as follows:
(CPU BUS Freq.)
4
3
2
1
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
[ON] [ON] [ON] [ON]
(Freq. Multiple)
6
5
4
3
2
1
[ON][ON][OFF][OFF][OFF][ON]
[ON][ON][OFF][OFF][ON][OFF]
[ON][ON][OFF][OFF][ON][ON]
[ON][ON][OFF][ON][OFF][OFF]
[ON][ON][OFF][ON][OFF][ON]
[ON][ON][OFF][ON][ON][OFF]
[ON][ON][OFF][ON][ON][ON]
[ON][ON][ON][OFF][OFF][OFF]
[ON][ON][ON][OFF][OFF][ON]
CPU
Athlon
Athlon
Athlon
Athlon
Athlon
Athlon
Athlon
Athlon
Athlon
Freq. Mult.
1GHz 10.0x
950MHz 9.5x
900MHz 9.0x
850MHz 8.5x
800MHz 8.0x
750MHz 7.5x
700MHz 7.0x
650MHz 6.5x
600MHz 6.0x
Bus F.
100MHz
100MHz
100MHz
100MHz
100MHz
100MHz
100MHz
100MHz
100MHz
Duron
Duron
Duron
750MHz
700MHz
650MHz
100MHz [ON] [ON] [ON] [ON] [ON][ON][OFF][ON][ON][OFF]
100MHz [ON] [ON] [ON] [ON] [ON][ON][OFF][ON][ON][ON]
100MHz [ON] [ON] [ON] [ON] [ON][ON][ON][OFF][OFF][OFF]
7.5x
7.0x
6.5x
For updated processor settings, visit the ASUS web site (see ASUS CONTACT INFORMATION).
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
23
3. HARDWARE SETUP
7) Voltage Regulator Output Setting (VID1, VID2, VID3, VID4)
This jumpers allow you to manually adjust the CPU core voltage. It is recommended to use CPU Default as the CPU core voltage. CPU Default means the
Vcore is generated according to the CPU VID configuration. For each jumper
setting, there are two voltage options, depending on the CPU used.
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.825/1.85Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.775/1.80Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.725/1.75Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.675/1.70Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.625/1.65Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.575/1.60Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.525/1.55Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.475/1.50Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.425/1.45Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.375/1.4Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.325/1.35Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.275/1.30Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.225/1.25Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.175/1.20Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.125/1.15Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
1.075/1.10Volts
1 2 3 4
VID4
VID3
VID2
VID1
CPU Default/
JumperFree
(Default)
0 1
0 1
0 1
A7V
3. H/W SETUP
Motherboard Settings
A7V VID Setting
24
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.5 System Memory (DIMM)
This motherboard uses only Dual Inline Memory Modules (DIMMs). Three sockets
are available for 3.3Volt (power level) unbuffered Synchronous Dynamic Random
Access Memory (SDRAM) of 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, or 512MB to form a memory
size between 8MB to 1.5GB. One side (with memory chips) of the DIMM takes up
one row on the motherboard. This motherboard also supports NEC’s Virtual Channel
(VC) SDRAMs.
Memory speed setup is recommended through 4.4.1 Chip Configuration.
3. H/W SETUP
System Memory
IMPORTANT (see General DIMM Notes below for more)
• SDRAMs used must be compatible with the current Intel PC133 SDRAM
specification.
• DO NOT attempt to mix PC133 SDRAMs with VCM SDRAMs.
Install memory in any combination as follows:
DIMM Location
168-pin DIMM
Socket 1 (Rows 0&1)
SDRAM 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512MB x1
Socket 2 (Rows 2&3)
SDRAM 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512MB x1
Socket 3 (Rows 4&5)
SDRAM 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512MB x1
Total Memory
Total System Memory (Max 1536MB) =
3.5.1 General DIMM Notes
•
•
•
•
•
•
DIMMs that have more than 18 chips are not supported on this motherboard.
For the system CPU bus to operate at 100MHz/133MHz, use only PC100-/PC133compliant DIMMs.
ASUS motherboards support SPD (Serial Presence Detect) DIMMs. This is the
memory of choice for best performance vs. stability.
SDRAM chips are generally thinner with higher pin density than EDO (Extended
Data Output) chips.
BIOS shows SDRAM memory on bootup screen.
Single-sided DIMMs come in 16, 32, 64,128, 256MB; double-sided come in 32, 64,
128, 256, 512MB.
WARNING! Be sure that the DIMM you use can handle the specified SDRAM
MHz or else bootup will not be possible.
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
25
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.5.2 Memory Installation
WARNING! Make sure that you unplug your power supply when adding or
removing memory modules or other system components. Failure to do so may
cause severe damage to both your motherboard and expansion cards (see 3.3
Hardware Setup Procedure for more information).
Insert the module(s) as shown. Because the number of pins are different on either
side of the breaks, the module will only fit in the orientation shown. DRAM SIMM
modules have the same pin contacts on both sides. SDRAM DIMMs have different
pin contacts on each side and therefore have a higher pin density.
0 1
0 1
0 1
20 Pins
60 Pins
3. H/W SETUP
System Memory
88 Pins
A7V
A7V 168-Pin DIMM Sockets
The DIMMs must be 3.3Volt unbuffered SDRAMs. To determine the DIMM type,
check the notches on the DIMMs (see figure below).
168-Pin DIMM Notch Key Definitions (3.3V)
DRAM Key Position
Unbuffered
RFU
Buffered
Voltage Key Position
Reserved
5.0V
3.3V
The notches on the DIMM will shift between left, center, or right to identify the type
and also to prevent the wrong type from being inserted into the DIMM slot on the
motherboard. You must tell your retailer the correct DIMM type before purchasing.
This motherboard supports four clock signals per DIMM.
26
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.6 Central Processing Unit (CPU)
The motherboard provides a Socket 462 or Socket A for CPU installation. The CPU
that came with the motherboard should have a fan and heatsink attached to it to
prevent overheating. If this is not the case, then purchase and install a set before you
turn on your system.
WARNING! Make sure that the heatsink is mounted tightly against the processor.
Make sure also that there is sufficient air circulation across the processor’s heatsink by regularly checking that your CPU fan is working. Without sufficient circulation, the processor could overheat and damage both the processor and the
motherboard. You may install an auxiliary fan, if necessary. A thermal sensor cable
is bundled with this motherboard to help in monitoring the CPU temperature.
3. H/W SETUP
CPU
To install a CPU, first turn off your system and remove its cover. Locate the Socket
462 and open it by first pulling the lever sideways away from the socket then upwards to a 90-degree angle. Insert the CPU with the correct orientation as shown.
The notched corner should be orientated toward the blank space on the socket nearest the lever. Because the CPU has a corner pin for two of the four corners, the CPU
will only fit in the orientation as shown. The picture is for reference only; you should
have a CPU fan and heatsink that covers the face of the CPU. With the added weight
of the CPU fan and heatsink, no force is required to insert the CPU. Once completely inserted, close the socket’s lever while holding down the CPU.
NOTE: Do not forget to set the correct Bus Frequency and Multiple (frequency
multiple setting is available only on unlocked processors) for your processor or else
boot-up may not be possible. Socket A processors require a socket mounted thermal
resistor. This motherboard comes bundled with an ASUS P2T thermal sensor cable
(see next page for installation procedures).
CAUTION! Be careful not to scrape the motherboard when mounting a clampstyle processor fan or else damage may occur to the motherboard.
0 1
0 1
0 1
BLANK
LEVER
LOCK
AMD™ Athlon
A7V
A7V Socket 462 (Socket A)
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
NOTCH
27
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.6.1 ASUS P2T-Cable
The ASUS P2T-Cable must be used to
allow thermal monitoring of the processor (only for motherboards with PCB
Rev. 1.01.P and earlier).
Sensor
NOTE: The ASUS P2T-Cable can only
Sensor Connector Plug
be used in a motherboard with a 2-pin
thermal sensor connector such as this
motherboard (the cable is not included on motherboards with PCB Rev. 1.02 and
later because the sensor is already built in. To check the PCB version, refer to 22)
IDE Activity LED in 3. HARDWARE SETUP).
To Use the ASUS P2T-Cable
3. H/W SETUP
CPU
NOTE: The following procedures assume that you have properly attached a
heatsink onto your processor.
1. Simply peel off the tab from the sensor and then stick the sensor on the processor heatsink nearest the processor.
Tab
Sensor
WARNING! Do not insert the sensor between the processor and heatsink, otherwise, it will cause damage to the P2T-Cable.
2. Connect the P2T-Cable to the CPU thermal sensor connector (JTCPU).
0 1
0 1
0 1
JTCPU
NOTE: JTCPU is no longer necessary/not
included on motherboards with PCB versions
1.02 and later
A7V
A7V CPU Thermal Sensor Connector
NOTE: If you have a power supply with thermal monitoring, connect its thermal sensor cable to JTPWR (see 21) Power Supply Thermal Sensor Connector
in 3.8 External Connectors)
28
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.7 Expansion Cards
WARNING! Unplug your power supply when adding or removing expansion
cards or other system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to
both your motherboard and expansion cards.
3.7.1 Expansion Card Installation Procedure
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. H/W SETUP
Expansion Cards
1. Read the documentation for your expansion card and make any necessary hardware or software settings for your expansion card, such as jumpers.
2. Remove your computer system’s cover and the bracket plate on the slot you
intend to use. Keep the bracket for possible future use.
3. Carefully align the card’s connectors and press firmly.
4. Secure the card on the slot with the screw you removed above.
5. Replace the computer system’s cover.
6. Set up the BIOS if necessary
(see 4.4.3 PCI Configuration)
7. Install the necessary software drivers for your expansion card.
29
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.7.2 Assigning IRQs for Expansion Cards
Some expansion cards need an IRQ to operate. Generally, an IRQ must be exclusively assigned to one use. In a standard design, there are 16 IRQs available but
most of them are already in use, leaving 6 IRQs free for expansion cards. If your
motherboard has PCI audio onboard, an additional IRQ will be used. If your motherboard also has MIDI enabled, another IRQ will be used, leaving 4 IRQs free.
IMPORTANT: If using PCI cards on shared slots, make sure that the drivers support “Share IRQ” or that the cards do not need IRQ assignments. Conflicts will
arise between the two PCI groups that will make the system unstable or cards inoperable.
The following table lists the default IRQ assignments for standard PC devices. Use
this table when configuring your system and for resolving IRQ conflicts.
Standard Interrupt Assignments
3. H/W SETUP
Expansion Cards
IRQ
Priority
Standard Function
0
1
System Timer
1
2
Keyboard Controller
2
N/A
Programmable Interrupt
3*
11
Communications Port (COM2)
4*
12
Communications Port (COM1)
5*
13
Sound Card (sometimes LPT2)
6
14
Floppy Disk Controller
7*
15
Printer Port (LPT1)
8
3
System CMOS/Real Time Clock
9*
4
ACPI Mode when used
10*
5
IRQ Holder for PCI Steering
11*
6
IRQ Holder for PCI Steering
12*
7
PS/2 Compatible Mouse Port
13
8
Numeric Data Processor
14*
9
Primary IDE Channel
15*
10
Secondary IDE Channel
*These IRQs are usually available for PCI devices.
Interrupt Request Table for this Motherboard
PCI slot 1
PCI slot 2
PCI slot 3
PCI slot 4
PCI slot 5
AGP Pro slot
Onboard USB controller
Onboard audio/AMR
Promise ATA100
SMBus
30
INT-A
shared
—
—
—
—
shared
—
—
—
—
INT-B
—
shared
—
—
—
—
—
—
shared
—
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
INT-C
—
—
shared
—
—
—
—
shared
—
—
INT-D
—
—
—
shared
shared
—
shared
—
—
—
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.7.3 Accelerated Graphics Port Pro (AGP Pro)
This motherboard provides an Accelerated Graphics Port Pro (AGP Pro) slot to support AGP/AGP Pro graphics cards, such as an ASUS AGP-V6800DDR/64M.
CAUTION! To avoid damaging your AGP/AGP Pro graphics card, your computer’s
power supply should be unplugged before inserting your graphics card into the slot.
0 1
0 1
0 1
AGP Card without Retention Notch
TOP VIEW
20-pin bay
Rib (inside slot)
28-pin bay
3. H/W SETUP
Expansion Cards
A7V
Rib
A7V Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP PRO)
CAUTION! The AGP Pro slot is shipped with a safety tab on the 20-pin bay for
use with AGP cards without a retention notch. DO NOT remove this tab if you
will be using such cards; removing may cause these cards to shift, which may
cause damage to your card, slot, and motherboard. Remove
ONLY when you will be using an AGP Pro card. Use a rigid tip,
such as a pen tip, to dislodge and remove the tab from the bay.
Removing the tab
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
31
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.7.4 Audio Modem Riser (AMR) Slot
This connector supports a specially designed audio and/or modem card called an AMR.
Main processing is done through software and controlled by the motherboard’s system chipset. This provides an upgradeable audio and/or modem solution at an incredibly low cost. There are two types of AMR, one defined as primary and another defined as secondary. This motherboard uses the primary channel so that a secondary
AMR can coexist without the need to disable the onboard CODEC. The motherboard’s
onboard CODEC must be disabled when using a primary AMR.
IMPORTANT: The AMR slot of this motherboard shares the same expansion slot
as PCI Slot 5. Because of this and its location, the slot can only accept a specially
designed AMR card (optional). The components of a standard AMR card and its
bracket face toward the edge of the motherboard while those of the speciallydesigned card face the expansion slots. For availability, see your vendor or dealer.
0 1
0 1
0 1
3. H/W SETUP
Expansion Cards
ASUS MR-1
Unlike that of standard cards,
the component side of the
specially-designed AMR
card faces the motherboard’s
expansion slots when the
card is installed
A7V
A7V Audio Modem Riser (AMR) Slot
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ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.8 External Connectors
WARNING! Some pins are used for connectors or power sources. These are
clearly distinguished from jumpers in the Motherboard Layout. Placing jumper
caps over these connector pins will cause damage to your motherboard.
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
IMPORTANT: Ribbon cables should always be connected with the red stripe to
Pin 1 on the connectors. Pin 1 is usually on the side closest to the power connector on hard drives and CD-ROM drives, but may be on the opposite side on
floppy disk drives. Check the connectors before installation because there may
be exceptions. IDE ribbon cable must be less than 46 cm (18 in.), with the second drive connector no more than 15 cm (6 in.) from the first connector.
1) PS/2 Mouse Connector (Green 6-pin PS2KBMS)
The system will direct IRQ12 to the PS/2 mouse if one is detected. If one is not
detected, expansion cards can use IRQ12. See PS/2 Mouse Function Control
in 4.4 Advanced Menu.
PS/2 Mouse (6-pin Female)
2) PS/2 Keyboard Connector (Purple 6-pin PS2KBMS)
This connection is for a standard keyboard using an PS/2 plug (mini DIN). This
connector will not allow standard AT size (large DIN) keyboard plugs. You
may use a DIN to mini DIN adapter on standard AT keyboards.
PS/2 Keyboard (6-pin Female)
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
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3. HARDWARE SETUP
3) Universal Serial BUS Ports 0 & 1 (Black two 4-pin USB)
Two USB ports are available for connecting USB devices.
USB 0
Universal Serial Bus (USB) 1
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
4) Serial Port Connectors (Teal/Turquoise 9-pin COM1 / COM2)
Two serial ports can be used for pointing devices or other serial devices. For
setting up these ports, see Onboard Serial Port 1 in 4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration for settings.
COM1
COM2
Serial Ports (9-pin Male)
5) Parallel Port Connector (Burgundy 25-pin PRINTER)
You can enable the parallel port and choose the IRQ through Onboard Parallel
Port (see 4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration).
NOTE: Serial printers must be connected to the serial port.
Parallel Port (25-pin Female)
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ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
6) Game/MIDI Connector (Gold 15-pin GAME_AUDIO) (optional)
You may connect game joysticks or game pads to this connector for playing
games. Connect MIDI devices for playing or editing professional audio.
Game/MIDI (15-pin Female)
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
7) Audio Port Connectors (Three 1/8” GAME_AUDIO) (optional)
Line Out (lime) can be connected to headphones or preferably powered speakers. Line In (light blue) allows tape players or other audio sources to be recorded by your computer or played through the Line Out (lime). Mic (pink)
allows microphones to be connected for inputting voice.
Line Out Line In Mic
1/8" Stereo Audio Connectors
8) Floppy Disk Drive Connector (34-1 pin FLOPPY)
This connector supports the provided floppy drive ribbon cable. After connecting the single end to the board, connect the two plugs on the other end to the
floppy drives. (Pin 5 is removed to prevent inserting in the wrong orientation when using ribbon cables with pin 5 plugged).
FLOPPY
0 1
0 1
0 1
NOTE: Orient the red markings on
the floppy ribbon cable to PIN 1.
PIN 1
A7V
A7V Floppy Disk Drive Connector
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3. HARDWARE SETUP
9) Primary (Blue) / Secondary IDE Connectors
(40-1 pin PRIMARY IDE/SECONDARY IDE)
(40-1 pin PRIMARY ATA100/SECONDARY ATA100)
These connectors support the provided IDE hard disk ribbon cables. Connect
the cable’s blue connector to the motherboard’s primary (recommended) or secondary IDE connector, and then connect the corresponding gray connector to
your UltraDMA/100 / UltraDMA/66 slave device (hard disk drive) and the black
connector to your UltraDMA/100 / UltraDMA/66 master device. It is recommended that non-UltraDMA/100 / Ultra/66 devices be connected to the secondary IDE connector.
NOTE: UltraDMA/100 is backward compatible with DMA/66, DMA/33, and
DMA and with existing DMA devices and systems so there is no need to upgrade
current EIDE/IDE drives and host systems.
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
If you install two hard disks, you must configure the second drive to Slave mode
by setting its jumper accordingly. Refer to your hard disk documentation for the
jumper settings. BIOS now supports specific device bootup (see 4.6 Boot Menu).
(Pin 20 is removed to prevent inserting in the wrong orientation when using
ribbon cables with pin 20 plugged). If you have more than two UltraDMA/100
/ UltraDMA/66 devices, you will need to purchase another UltraDMA/100 /
UltraDMA/66 cable.
NOTE: The hole near the blue connector on the UltraDMA/100 / UltraDMA/66
cable is intentional.
TIP: You may configure two hard disks to be both Masters with two ribbon
cables – one for the primary IDE connector and another for the secondary IDE
connector. You may install one operating system on an IDE drive and another on
a SCSI drive and select the boot disk through 4.6 Boot Menu.
0 1
36
Primary IDE Connector
0 1
A7V IDE Connectors
Primary Ultra ATA100 IDE Connector
0 1
A7V
Secondary Ultra ATA100 IDE Connector
NOTE: Orient the red markings
(usually zigzag) on the IDE
ribbon cable to PIN 1.
Secondary IDE Connector
IMPORTANT: UltraDMA/66 and UltraDMA/100 IDE devices require a 40-pin
80-conductor cable to be enabled.
PIN 1
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
PIN 1
3. HARDWARE SETUP
10) Chassis Intrusion Lead (2 pin CHASSIS)
This requires an external detection mechanism such as a chassis intrusion monitor/sensor or microswitch. The sensor is triggered when a high level signal is
sent to the Chassis Signal lead, which occurs when a panel switch or light detector is triggered. This function requires the optional ASUS CIDB chassis intrusion module to be installed (see 7. APPENDIX). If the chassis intrusion lead is
not used, a jumper cap must be placed over the pins to close the circuit.
0 1
0 1
0 1
1
A7V
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
CHASSIS
A7V Chassis Open Alarm Lead
11) Standard and Consumer Infrared Module Connector (5-pin IR)
This connector supports an optional wireless transmitting and receiving infrared
module. This module mounts to a small opening on system cases that support
this feature. You must also configure the setting through UART2 Use Infrared
(see 4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration) to select whether UART2 is directed for
use with COM2 or IrDA. Use the five pins as shown in Back View and connect
a ribbon cable from the module to the motherboard’s SIR connector according
to the pin definitions.
0 1
Front View
0 1
0 1
IR
Back View
IRTX
IRRX
GND
+5V
1
+5V
IRTX
GND
(NC)
IRRX
A7V
A7V Infrared Module Connector
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
37
3. HARDWARE SETUP
12) Wake-On-LAN Connector (3-pin WOL_CON)
This connector connects to a LAN card with a Wake-On-LAN output, such as
the ASUS PCI-L101 Ethernet card (see 7. Appendix). The connector powers up
the system when a wakeup packet or signal is received through the LAN card.
IMPORTANT: This feature requires that Wake-On-LAN features are enabled
(see 4.5.1 Power Up Control) and that your system has an ATX power supply
with at least 720mA +5V standby power.
0 1
0 1
0 1
IMPORTANT: Requires an ATX power
supply with at least 720mA +5 volt
standby power
+5 Volt Standby
PME
WOL_CON
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
Ground
A7V
A7V Wake-On-LAN Connector
13) Wake-On-Ring Connector (2-pin WOR)
This connector connects to internal modem cards with a Wake-On-Ring output.
The connector powers up the system when a ringup packet or signal is received
through the internal modem card. NOTE: For external modems, Wake-On-Ring
is detected through the COM port.
IMPORTANT: This feature requires that Wake-On-Ring features are enabled
(see 4.5.1 Power Up Control) and that your system has an ATX power supply
with at least 720mA +5V standby power.
0 1
0 1
0 1
WOR
Ring#
2
Ground
1
A7V
A7V Wake-On-Ring Connector
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ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
14) Power Supply, CPU, Chassis Fan Connectors
(3-pin PWR_FAN, CHA_FAN, F_FAN, CPU_FAN)
These connectors support cooling fans of 350mA (4.2 Watts) or less. Orientate
the fans so that the heat sink fins allow airflow to go across the onboard heat
sink(s) instead of the expansion slots. Depending on the fan manufacturer, the
wiring and plug may be different. The red wire should be positive, while the
black should be ground. Connect the fan’s plug to the board taking into consideration the polarity of the connector.
NOTE: The “Rotation” signal is to be used only by a specially designed fan with
rotation signal. The Rotations per Minute (RPM) can be monitored using ASUS PC
Probe (see 6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE). The Rotation signal is not supported
by F-FAN.
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
WARNING! The CPU and/or motherboard will overheat if there is no airflow
across the CPU and onboard heatsinks. Damage may occur to the motherboard
and/or the CPU fan if these pins are incorrectly used. These are not jumpers,
do not place jumper caps over these pins.
PWR_FAN
0 1
0 1
0 1
GND
+12V
Rotation
CHA_FAN
A7V 12-Volt Cooling Fan Power
CPU_FAN
Rotation
+12V
GND
A7V
F_FAN
NC
+12V
GND
GND
+12V
Rotation
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
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3. HARDWARE SETUP
15) Internal Audio Connectors (4-pin CD_IN, AUX, VIDEO, MODEM)
These connectors allow you to receive stereo audio input from such sound sources
as a CD-ROM, TV tuner, or MPEG card. The MODEM connector allows the
onboard audio to interface with a voice modem card with a similar connector.
AUX (White)
Left Audio Channel
Ground
0 1
0 1
0 1
Right Audio Channel
CD (Black)
VIDEO (Green)
Left Audio Channel
Ground
Right Audio Channel
Modem-In (to Modem)
Ground
Modem-Out (from Modem)
A7V
MODEM
A7V Internal Audio Connectors
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
16) Internal Microphone Header (3-pin MIC2)
This connector allows you to connect a chasssis mounted microphone to the motherboard instead of having to attach an external microphone onto the ATX connectors.
0 1
0 1
MIC Power
MIC Input
GND
0 1
1
MIC2
A7V
A7V Microphone Header
17) Headphone True-Level Out Header (3-pin HPHONE)
This connector allows you to connect a chassis mounted headphone to the motherboard instead of having to attach an external headphone onto the ATX connectors.
0 1
0 1
HP OUT LT
GND
HP OUT RT
0 1
1
A7V
HPHONE
A7V True-Level Line Out Header
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ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
18) USB Headers (5-1 pin USB3A, 10-1 pin USBPORT/USB3) (optional)
If the USB port connectors on the back panel are inadequate, three USB headers
are available for five additional USB port connectors. Connect the USB headers
to an optional 3-port USB connector set and mount the bracket to an open slot
on your chassis.
1
USB3A
0 1
0 1
0 1
USB Power
USBP-
GND
USBP+
USB Power
USBP2–
USBP2+
GND
NC
(Optional)
USBPORT 6
10
A7V
USB3
(Optional)
A7V USB Ports
Bundled 3-port
USB Connector Set
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
5
USB Power
USBP3–
USBP3+
GND
1
Recommended Setup: Use USBPORT + USB3A with the bundled 3-port connector set.
19) SMBus Connector (5-1 pin SMB)
This connector allows you to connect SMBus (System Management Bus) devices. SMBus devices communicate by means of the SMBus with an SMBus
host and/or other SMBus devices. SMBus is a specific implementation of an I2C
bus, which is a multi-device bus; that is, multiple chips can be connected to the
same bus and each one can act as a master by initiating data transfer.
Ground
SMBDATA
+5V
0 1
0 1
SMBCLK
0 1
1
A7V
SMB
A7V SMBus Connector
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41
3. HARDWARE SETUP
20) ATX Power Supply Connector (20-pin block ATXPWR)
This connector connects to an ATX power supply. The plug from the power supply will only insert in one orientation because of the different hole sizes. Find the
proper orientation and push down firmly making sure that the pins are aligned.
IMPORTANT: Make sure that your ATX power supply can supply at least 10mA
on the +5-volt standby lead (+5VSB). You may experience difficulty in powering ON your system if your power supply cannot support the load. For WakeOn-LAN support, your ATX power supply must supply at least 720mA +5VSB.
0 1
0 1
0 1
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
+5.0 Volts
+5.0 Volts
-5.0 Volts
Ground
Ground
Ground
Power Supply On
Ground
-12.0Volts
+3.3Volts
+12.0Volts
+5V Standby
Power Good
Ground
+5.0 Volts
Ground
+5.0 Volts
Ground
+3.3 Volts
+3.3 Volts
A7V
ATX
A7V ATX Power Connector
21) Power Supply Thermal Sensor Connector (2-pin block JTPWR)
If you have a power supply with thermal monitoring, connect its thermal sensor
cable to this connector.
JTPWR
0 1
0 1
0 1
A7V
A7V Power Supply Thermal Sensor Connector
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ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
22) IDE Activity LED (2-pin IDELED)
This connector supplies power to the cabinet’s IDE activity LED. Read and
write activity by devices connected to the Primary/Secondary IDE and Primary/
Secondary ATA100 connectors will cause the LED to light up.
0 1
0 1
0 1
TIP: If the case-mounted LED does not
light, try reversing the 2-pin plug.
IDELED
A7V
A7V IDE Activity LED
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
NOTE: The LED will not light up during read and write activity by devices
connected to the Primary or Secondary IDE connectors of motherboards with
PCB versions earlier than Rev. 1.01.P (for example, Rev. 1.01.). To check your
PCB version, see the area between PCI4 and PCI5 and look for the marking that
starts with “REV.”
PCI4
PCI5
AMR
The following PANEL illustration is used for items 23–28 (next page).
0 1
PLED
+5 V
Message LED
Reset
Ground
0 1
+5 V
TB_LED
ExtSMI#
Ground
PWR
Ground
+5V
Ground
Ground
Speaker
0 1
Power LED
Speaker
Connector
Reset SW
ATX Power
SMI Lead
Switch*
* Requires an ATX power supply.
A7V
A7V System Panel Connectors
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
43
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3. H/W SETUP
Connectors
23) System Warning Speaker Connector (4-pin SPEAKER)
This 4-pin connector connects to the case-mounted speaker. Two sources
(LINE_OUT and SPEAKER) will allow you to hear system beeps and warnings. Only SPEAKER will allow you to hear system beeps before the integrated
audio has been properly initialized.
24) System Power LED Lead (3-1 pin PWRLED)
This 3-1 pin connector connects the system power LED, which lights when the
system is powered on and blinks when it is in sleep mode.
25) System Message LED Lead (2-pin MSG.LED)
This indicates whether a message has been received from a fax/modem. The
LED will remain lit when there is no signal and blink when there is data received. This function requires an ACPI OS and driver support.
26) Reset Switch Lead (2-pin RESET)
This 2-pin connector connects to the case-mounted reset switch for rebooting
your computer without having to turn off your power switch. This is a preferred
method of rebooting to prolong the life of the system’s power supply.
27) ATX Power Switch Lead (2-pin PWRSW)
The system power is controlled by a momentary switch connected to this lead.
Pressing the button once will switch the system between ON and SOFT OFF.
Pushing the switch while in the ON mode for more than 4 seconds will turn the
system off. The system power LED shows the status of the system’s power.
28) System Management Interrupt Lead (2-pin SMI)
This allows the user to manually place the system into a suspend mode or “Green”
mode, where system activity is decreased to save electricity and expand the life
of certain components when the system is not in use. This 2-pin connector connects to the case-mounted suspend switch. If you do not have a switch for the
connector, you may use the “Turbo Switch.” SMI is activated when it detects a
short to open moment and therefore leaving it shorted will not cause any problems. This may require one or two presses depending on the position of the
switch. Wake-up can be controlled by settings in the BIOS but the keyboard will
always allow wake-up (the SMI lead cannot wake up the system).
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ASUS A7V User’s Manual
3. HARDWARE SETUP
3.9 Starting Up the First Time
1. After all connections are made, close the system case cover.
2. Be sure that all switches are off (in some systems, marked with ).
3. Connect the power supply cord into the power supply located on the
back of your system case according to your system user’s manual.
4. Connect the power cord into a power outlet that is equipped with a surge
protector.
3. H/W SETUP
Powering Up
5. You may then turn on your devices in the following order:
a. Your monitor
b. External SCSI devices (starting with the last device on the chain)
c. Your system power. For ATX power supplies, you need to switch on
the power supply as well as press the ATX power switch on the front
of the case.
6. The power LED on the front panel of the system case will light. For
ATX power supplies, the system LED will light when the ATX power
switch is pressed. The LED on the monitor may light up or switch between orange and green after the system’s if it complies with “green”
standards or if it has a power standby feature. The system will then run
power-on tests. While the tests are running, the BIOS will alarm beeps
or additional messages will appear on the screen. If you do not see anything within 30 seconds from the time you turn on the power, the system
may have failed a power-on test. Recheck your jumper settings and connections or call your retailer for assistance.
Award BIOS Beep Codes
Beep
One short beep when
displaying logo
Long beeps in an endless loop
One long beep followed by
three short beeps
High frequency beeps when
system is working
Meaning
No error during POST
No DRAM installed or detected
Video card not found or video card
memory bad
CPU overheated
System running at a lower frequency
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
45
3. HARDWARE SETUP
7. During power-on, hold down <Delete> to enter BIOS setup. Follow the
instructions in 4. BIOS SETUP.
* Powering Off your computer: You must first exit or shut down your
operating system before switching off the power switch. For ATX power
supplies, you can press the ATX power switch after exiting or shutting
down your operating system. If you use Windows 9X, click the Start
button, click Shut Down, and then click Shut down the computer?
The power supply should turn off after Windows shuts down.
NOTE: The message “You can now safely turn off your computer” will
not appear when shutting down with ATX power supplies.
3. H/W SETUP
Powering Up
46
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
4.1 Managing and Updating Your BIOS
4.1.1 Upon First Use of the Computer System
It is recommended that you save a copy of the original motherboard BIOS
along with a Flash Memory Writer utility (AFLASH.EXE) to a bootable
floppy disk in case you need to reinstall the BIOS later. AFLASH.EXE is a
Flash Memory Writer utility that updates the BIOS by uploading a new
BIOS file to the programmable flash ROM on the motherboard. This file
works only in DOS mode. To determine the BIOS version of your motherboard, check the last four numbers of the code displayed on the upper lefthand corner of your screen during bootup. Larger numbers represent a newer
BIOS file.
4. BIOS SETUP
Updating BIOS
1. Type FORMAT A:/S at the DOS prompt to create a bootable system
floppy disk. DO NOT copy AUTOEXEC.BAT & CONFIG.SYS to the
disk.
2. Type COPY D:\AFLASH\AFLASH.EXE A:\ (assuming D is your CDROM drive) to copy AFLASH.EXE to the just created boot disk.
NOTE: AFLASH works only in DOS mode. It will not work with DOS
prompt in Windows and will not work with certain memory drivers that
may be loaded when you boot from your hard drive. It is recommended
that you reboot using a floppy.
3. Reboot your computer from the floppy disk. NOTE: BIOS setup must
specify “Floppy” as the first item in the boot sequence.
4. In DOS mode, type A:\AFLASH <Enter> to run AFLASH.
IMPORTANT! If “unknown” is displayed after Flash Memory:, the memory
chip is either not programmable or is not supported by the ACPI BIOS and therefore, cannot be programmed by the Flash Memory Writer utility.
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
47
4. BIOS SETUP
5. Select 1. Save Current BIOS to File from the Main menu and press
<Enter>. The Save Current BIOS To File screen appears.
6. Type a filename and the path, for example, A:\XXX-XX.XXX and then
press <Enter>.
4.1.2 Updating BIOS Procedures
WARNING! Only update your BIOS if you have problems with your motherboard and you know that the new BIOS revision will solve your problems. Careless updating can result in your motherboard having more problems!
4. BIOS SETUP
Updating BIOS
1. Download an updated ASUS BIOS file from the Internet (WWW or
FTP) (see ASUS CONTACT INFORMATION on page 3 for details)
and save to the disk you created earlier.
2. Boot from the disk you created earlier.
3. At the “A:\” prompt, type AFLASH and then press <Enter>.
4. At the Main Menu, type 2 and then press <Enter>. The Update BIOS
Including Boot Block and ESCD screen appears.
5. Type the filename of your new BIOS and the path, for example, A:\XXXXX.XXX, and then press <Enter>.
NOTE: To cancel this operation, press <Enter>.
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ASUS A7V User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
6. When prompted to confirm the BIOS update, press Y to start the update.
4. BIOS SETUP
Updating BIOS
7. The utility starts to program the new BIOS information into the flash
ROM. The boot block will be updated automatically only when necessary. This will minimize the chance that a failed update will prevent
your system from booting up. When the programming is finished, Flashed
Successfully will be displayed.
8. Follow the onscreen instructions to continue.
WARNING! If you encounter problems while updating the new BIOS, DO NOT
turn off your system since this might prevent your system from booting up. Just
repeat the process, and if the problem still persists, update the original BIOS file
you saved to disk above. If the Flash Memory Writer utility was not able to
successfully update a complete BIOS file, your system may not be able to boot
up. If this happens, your system will need servicing.
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
49
4. BIOS SETUP
(This page was intentionally left blank.)
4. BIOS SETUP
Updating BIOS
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ASUS A7V User’s Manual
4. BIOS SETUP
4.2 BIOS Setup Program
This motherboard supports a programmable EEPROM that can be updated using
the provided utility as described in 4.1 Managing and Updating Your BIOS.
The utility is used if you are installing a motherboard, reconfiguring your system,
or prompted to “Run Setup”. This section describes how to configure your system
using this utility.
Even if you are not prompted to use the Setup program, at some time in the future
you may want to change the configuration of your computer. For example, you
may want to enable the Security Password Feature or make changes to the power
management settings. It will then be necessary to reconfigure your system using
the BIOS Setup program so that the computer can recognize these changes and
record them in the CMOS RAM of the EEPROM.
4. BIOS SETUP
Program Information
The EEPROM on the motherboard stores the Setup utility. When you start up the
computer, the system provides you with the opportunity to run this program. This
appears during the Power-On Self Test (POST). Press <Delete> to call up the Setup
utility. If you are a little bit late in pressing the mentioned key, POST will continue
with its test routines, thus preventing you from calling up Setup. If you still need to
call Setup, restart the system by pressing <Ctrl> + <Alt> + <Delete>, or by pressing the Reset button on the system chassis. You can also restart by turning the
system off and then back on again. But do so only if the first two methods fail.
The Setup program has been designed to make it as easy to use as possible. It is a
menu-driven program, which means you can scroll through the various sub-menus
and make your selections among the predetermined choices.
To access the BIOS Setup program, press the <Delete> key after
the computer has run through its POST.
NOTE: Because the BIOS software is constantly being updated, the following
BIOS screens and descriptions are for reference purposes only and may not reflect your BIOS screens exactly.
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51
4. BIOS SETUP
4.2.1 BIOS Menu Bar
The top of the screen has a menu bar with the following selections:
MAIN
Use this menu to make changes to the basic system configuration.
ADVANCED Use this menu to enable and make changes to the advanced
features.
POWER
Use this menu to configure and enable Power Management
features.
BOOT
Use this menu to configure the default system device used to locate and load the Operating System.
EXIT
Use this menu to exit the current menu or specify how to exit the
Setup program.
To access the menu bar items, press the right or left arrow key on the keyboard
until the desired item is highlighted.
4.2.2 Legend Bar
4. BIOS SETUP
Menu Introduction
At the bottom of the Setup screen you will notice a legend bar. The keys in the
legend bar allow you to navigate through the various setup menus. The following
table lists the keys found in the legend bar with their corresponding alternates and
functions.
52
Navigation Key(s)
Function Description
<F1> or <Alt + H>
Displays the General Help screen from anywhere in the BIOS
Setup
<Esc>
Jumps to the Exit menu or returns to the main menu from a submenu
← or → (keypad arrow)
Selects the menu item to the left or right
↑ or ↓ (keypad arrow)
Moves the highlight up or down between fields
- (minus key)
Scrolls backward through the values for the highlighted field
+ (plus key) or spacebar
Scrolls forward through the values for the highlighted field
<Enter>
Brings up a selection menu for the highlighted field
<Home> or <PgUp>
Moves the cursor to the first field
<End> or <PgDn>
Moves the cursor to the last field
<F5>
Resets the current screen to its Setup Defaults
<F10>
Saves changes and exits Setup
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4. BIOS SETUP
General Help
In addition to the Item Specific Help window, the BIOS setup program also provides a General Help screen. This screen can be called up from any menu by simply pressing <F1> or the <Alt> + <H> combination. The General Help screen lists
the legend keys with their corresponding alternates and functions.
Saving Changes and Exiting the Setup Program
See 4.7 Exit Menu for detailed information on saving changes and exiting the
setup program.
Scroll Bar
When a scroll bar appears to the right of a help window, it indicates that there is
more information to be displayed that will not fit in the window. Use <PgUp> and
<PgDn> or the up and down arrow keys to scroll through the entire help document. Press <Home> to display the first page, press <End> to go to the last page.
To exit the help window, press <Enter> or <Esc>.
Sub-Menu
4. BIOS SETUP
Menu Introduction
Note that a right pointer symbol (as shown in the left view)
appears to the left of certain fields. This pointer indicates that
a sub-menu can be launched from this field. A sub-menu contains additional options for a field parameter. To call up a submenu, simply move the highlight to the field and press <Enter>. The sub-menu will then immediately appear. Use the
legend keys to enter values and move from field to field within
a sub-menu just as you would within a menu. Use the <Esc>
key to return to the main menu.
Take some time to familiarize yourself with each of the legend keys and their
corresponding functions. Practice navigating through the various menus and submenus. If you accidentally make unwanted changes to any of the fields, use the set
default hot key <F5>. While moving around through the Setup program, note that
explanations appear in the Item Specific Help window located to the right of each
menu. This window displays the help text for the currently highlighted field.
NOTE: The item heading in square brackets represents the default setting for
that field.
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.3 Main Menu
When the Setup program is accessed, the following screen appears:
4. BIOS SETUP
Main Menu
System Time [XX:XX:XX]
Sets your system to the time that you specify (usually the current time).
The format is hour, minute, second. Valid values for hour, minute and second are Hour: (00 to 23), Minute: (00 to 59), Second: (00 to 59). Use the
<Tab> or <Shift> + <Tab> keys to move between the hour, minute, and
second fields.
System Date [XX/XX/XXXX]
Sets your system to the date that you specify (usually the current date). The
format is month, day, year. Valid values for month, day, and year are Month:
(1 to 12), Day: (1 to 31), Year: (100 year range). Use the <Tab> or <Shift>
+ <Tab> keys to move between the month, day, and year fields.
Legacy Diskette A [1.44M, 3.5 in.], Legacy Diskette B [None]
Sets the type of floppy drives installed. Configuration options: [None]
[360K, 5.25 in.] [1.2M , 5.25 in.] [720K , 3.5 in.] [1.44M, 3.5 in.]
[2.88M, 3.5 in.]
Floppy 3 Mode Support [Disabled]
This is required to support older Japanese floppy drives. Floppy 3 Mode
support will allow reading and writing of 1.2MB (as opposed to 1.44MB)
on a 3.5-inch diskette. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Drive A]
[Drive B] [Both]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.3.1 Primary & Secondary Master/Slave
4. BIOS SETUP
Master/Slave Drives
NOTE: Before attempting to configure a hard disk drive, make sure you
have the configuration information supplied by the manufacturer of the
drive. Incorrect settings may cause your system to not recognize the installed hard disk. To allow the BIOS to detect the drive type automatically, select [Auto].
Type [Auto]
Select [Auto] to automatically detect an IDE hard disk drive. If automatic
detection is successful, the correct values will be filled in for the remaining
fields on this sub-menu. If automatic detection fails, your hard disk drive
may be too old or too new. You can try updating your BIOS or enter the
IDE hard disk drive parameters manually.
NOTE: After the IDE hard disk drive information has been entered into
BIOS, new IDE hard disk drives must be partitioned (such as with FDISK)
and then formatted before data can be read from and write on. Primary
IDE hard disk drives must have its partition set to active (also possible
with FDISK).
Other options for the Type field are:
[None] - to disable IDE devices
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4. BIOS SETUP
IMPORTANT: If your hard disk was already formatted on an older previous system,
incorrect parameters may be detected. You will need to enter the correct parameters
manually or use low-level format if you do not need the data stored on the hard disk.
If the parameters listed differ from the ones used when the disk was formatted, the
disk will not be readable. If the auto-detected parameters do not match the ones that
should be used for your disk, you should enter the correct ones manually by setting
[User Type HDD].
[User Type HDD]
4. BIOS SETUP
Master/Slave Drives
Manually enter the number of cylinders, heads and sectors per track for
your drive. Refer to your drive documentation or look on the drive for this
information. If no drive is installed or if you are removing a drive and not
replacing it, select [None].
Translation Method [LBA]
Select the hard disk drive type in this field. When Logical Block Addressing
is enabled, 28-bit addressing of the hard drive is used without regard for
cylinders, heads, or sectors. Note that LBA Mode is necessary for drives
with greater than 504MB in storage capacity. Configuration options: [LBA]
[LARGE] [Normal] [Match Partition Table] [Manual]
Cylinders
This field configures the number of cylinders. Refer to your drive documentation to determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE: To
make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to [User Type HDD]
and the Translation Method field must be set to [Manual].
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4. BIOS SETUP
Head
This field configures the number of read/write heads. Refer to your drive
documentation to determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE:
To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to [User Type
HDD] and the Translation Method field must be set to [Manual].
Sector
This field configures the number of sectors per track. Refer to your drive
documentation to determine the correct value to enter into this field. NOTE:
To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to [User Type
HDD] and the Translation Method field must be set to [Manual].
CHS Capacity
This field shows the drive’s maximum CHS capacity calculated automatically by the BIOS from the drive information you entered.
Maximum LBA Capacity
This field shows the drive’s maximum LBA capacity calculated automatically by the BIOS from the drive information you entered.
4. BIOS SETUP
Master/Slave Drives
Multi-Sector Transfers [Maximum]
This option automatically sets the number of sectors per block to the highest number supported by the drive. This field can also be configured manually. Note that when this field is automatically configured, the set value may
not always be the fastest value for the drive. Refer to the documentation that
came with your hard drive to determine the optimal value and set it manually. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to
[User Type HDD]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [2 Sectors] [4 Sectors] [8 Sectors] [16 Sectors] [32 Sectors] [Maximum]
SMART Monitoring [Disabled]
This allows the enabling or disabling of the S.M.A.R.T. (Self-Monitoring,
Analysis and Reporting Technology) system which utilizes internal hard
disk drive monitoring technology. This feature is normally disabled because
system resources used in this feature may decrease system performance.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
PIO Mode [4]
This option lets you set a PIO (Programmed Input/Output) mode for the
IDE device. Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased performance.
Configuration options: [0] [1] [2] [3] [4]
Ultra DMA Mode [Disabled]
Ultra DMA capability allows improved transfer speeds and data integrity
for compatible IDE devices. Set to [Disabled] to suppress Ultra DMA capability. NOTE: To make changes to this field, the Type field must be set to
[User Type HDD]. Configuration options: [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [Disabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Other options for “Type:” are:
[CD-ROM] - for IDE CD-ROM drives
[LS-120] - for LS-120 compatible floppy disk drives
[ZIP-100] - for ZIP-100 compatible disk drives
[MO] - for IDE magneto optical disk drives
[Other ATAPI Device] - for IDE devices not listed here
After using the legend keys to make your selections on this sub-menu, press
the <Esc> key to exit back to the Main menu. When the Main menu appears, you will notice that the drive size appear in the field for the hard disk
drive that you just configured.
4.3.2 Keyboard Features
4. BIOS SETUP
Main Menu
Boot Up NumLock Status [On]
This field enables users to activate the Number Lock function upon system
boot. Configuration options: [Off] [On]
Keyboard Auto-Repeat Rate [12/Sec]
This controls the speed at which the system registers repeated keystrokes.
Options range from 6 to 30 characters per second. Configuration options:
[6/Sec] [8/Sec] [10/Sec] [12/Sec] [15/Sec] [20/Sec] [24/Sec] [30/Sec]
Keyboard Auto-Repeat Delay [1/4 Sec]
This field sets the time interval for displaying the first and second characters. Configuration options: [1/4 Sec] [1/2 Sec] [3/4 Sec] [1 Sec]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Language [English]
This allows selection of the BIOS’ displayed language. Currently only English is available.
4. BIOS SETUP
Main Menu
Supervisor Password [Disabled] / User Password [Disabled]
These fields allow you to set the passwords. To set the password, highlight the appropriate field and press <Enter>. Type in a password and press <Enter>. You can type up
to eight alphanumeric characters. Symbols and other keys are ignored. To confirm the
password, type the password again and press the <Enter>. The password is now set to
[Enabled]. This password allows full access to the BIOS Setup menus. To clear the
password, highlight this field and press <Enter>. The same dialog box as above will
appear. Press <Enter> and the password will be set to [Disabled].
A Note about Passwords
The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify passwords in the Main menu. The passwords control access to the BIOS during system startup. The passwords are not case sensitive. In other words, it makes no difference whether you enter a password using upper or
lowercase letters. The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify two separate passwords:
a Supervisor password and a User password. When disabled, anyone may access all BIOS
Setup program functions. When enabled, the Supervisor password is required for entering
the BIOS Setup program and having full access to all configuration fields.
Forgot the Password?
If you forgot the password, you can clear the password by erasing the CMOS Real
Time Clock (RTC) RAM. The RAM data containing the password information is
powered by the onboard button cell battery. To erase the RTC RAM: (1) Unplug
your computer, (2) Short the solder points, (3) Turn ON your computer, (4) Hold
down <Delete> during bootup and enter BIOS setup to re-enter user preferences.
0 1
0 1
0 1
CR2032 3V
Lithium Cell
CMOS Power
CLRTC
Short solder points
to Clear CMOS
A7V
A7V Clear RTC RAM
Halt On [All Errors]
This field determines which types of errors will cause the system to halt.
Configuration options: [All Errors] [No Error] [All but Keyboard] [All but
Disk] [All but Disk/Keyboard]
Installed Memory [XXX MB]
This display-only field displays the amount of conventional memory detected
by the system during bootup. You do not need to make changes to this field.
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4 Advanced Menu
4. BIOS SETUP
Advanced Menu
Operating Frequency Setting [User Define]
When the motherboard is set to JumperFree™ mode, this field allows you
to configure the external frequency of your CPU. Select [User Define] if
you want to make changes to the CPU Frequency field. When [Standard]
is selected, CPU (external) Frequency will be fixed at 100MHz. Configuration options: [Standard] [User Define]
CPU Frequency (when Operating Frequency Setting
is set to [User Define])
This feature tells the clock generator what frequency to send to
the system bus and PCI bus. The bus frequency (external frequency) multiplied by the bus multiple equals the CPU speed (the
CPU’s internal frequency). Note that selecting a frequency higher
than what the CPU manufacturer recommends may cause the system to hang or crash. See System Hangup later in this section.
DRAM Frequency
This field determines whether the memory clock frequency is set to be in
synchronous or asynchronous mode with respect to the CPU Frequency.
This must be set in conjunction with CPU (external) Frequency to match
the speed of your SDRAM. When you press <Enter> on this field, the first
available option in the pop-up menu equals the CPU Frequency you select
for the previous field, and the second available option is the CPU Frequency
multiplied by 4/3. To maintain and ensure system stability, DRAM Frequency is set to [100 MHz] when the BIOS setup default settings are loaded/
selected.
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4. BIOS SETUP
System Performance Setting [Optimal]
This function controls settings related to system memory performance. When
[Optimal] is selected, DRAM bank interleave, 4k page, and burst refresh
will be enabled to boost system performance. For more system stability,
select [Normal]. Configuration options: [Optimal] [Normal]
CPU Vcore Setting [Auto]
In JumperFree mode, this field allows you to select the core voltage supplied
to the CPU. Leave on [Auto] to use the CPU default setting. If you want to set
it manually, select [User Define], go to the subsequent CPU Vcore field, and
refer to your CPU documentation to make the configuration.
CPU Level 1 Cache, CPU Level 2 Cache [Enabled]
These fields allow you to choose from the default of [Enabled] or choose
[Disabled] to turn on or off the CPU’s Level 1 and Level 2 built-in cache.
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
CPU Level 2 Cache ECC Check [Disabled]
This function controls the ECC capability in the CPU level 2 cache. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
4. BIOS SETUP
Advanced Menu
BIOS Update [Enabled]
This functions as an update loader integrated into the BIOS to supply the
processor with the required data. In the default position of [Enabled], the
BIOS will load the update on all processors during system bootup. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
PS/2 Mouse Function Control [Auto]
The default of [Auto] allows the system to detect a PS/2 mouse on startup.
If detected, IRQ12 will be used for the PS/2 mouse. IRQ12 will be reserved
for expansion cards only if a PS/2 mouse is not detected. [Enabled] will
always reserve IRQ12, whether on startup a PS/2 mouse is detected or not.
Configuration options: [Enabled] [Auto]
USB Legacy Support [Auto]
This motherboard supports Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices. The default of [Auto] allows the system to detect a USB device on startup. If detected, the USB controller will be enabled. If not detected, the USB controller will be disabled. When this field is set to [Disabled], the USB controller
is disabled no matter whether you are using a USB device or not. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled] [Auto]
OS/2 Onboard Memory > 64M [Disabled]
When using OS/2 operating systems with installed DRAM of greater than
64MB, you need to set this option to [Enabled]; otherwise, leave this on
[Disabled]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Notes for JumperFree Mode
System Hangup
If your system crashes or hangs due to improper frequency settings, power
OFF your system and restart. The system will start up in safe mode running
at a DRAM-to-CPU frequency ratio of 3:3 and a bus speed of 100MHz. You
will then be led to BIOS setup to adjust the configurations.
4. BIOS SETUP
JumperFree Mode
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4.1 Chip Configuration
(Scroll down to see more items as shown.)
4. BIOS SETUP
Chip Configuration
Onboard PCI IDE Enable [Both]
You can select to enable the primary IDE channel, secondary IDE channel,
both, or disable both channels. Configuration options: [Both] [Primary] [Secondary] [Disabled]
Spread Spectrum Control [Enabled]
Leave on default setting. Spread spectrum typically reduces system electromagnetic interference (EMI) by 8dB to 10dB.
AGP 4X Drive Strength [Auto]
Configuration options: [Auto] [Manual]
AGP Drive Strength P Ctrl [C] (When AGP 4X Drive Strength set to [Manual])
Configuration options: [0] [1] [2]...[F]
AGP Drive Strenght N Ctrl [E] (When AGP 4X Drive Strength set to [Manual])
Configuration options: [0] [1] [2]...[F]
AGP Fast Write [Disabled]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
SDRAM Configuration [By SPD]
This sets the optimal timings for SDRAM related fields, depending on the
memory modules that you are using. Default setting is [By SPD], which
configures the subsequent 3 items by reading the contents in the SPD (Serial Presence Detect) device. The EEPROM on the memory module stores
critical parameter information about the module, such as memory type, size,
speed, voltage interface, and module banks. Configuration options: [User
Define] [7ns(143MHz)] [8ns(125MHz)] [By SPD]
SDRAM CAS Latency
This controls the latency between the SDRAM read command and the time
that the data actually becomes available. NOTE: This field will only be adjustable when SDRAM Configuration is set to [User Define].
SDRAM RAS Precharge Time
This controls the idle clocks after issuing a precharge command to the
SDRAM. NOTE: This field will only be adjustable when SDRAM Configuration is set to [User Define].
SDRAM RAS to CAS Delay
This controls the latency between the SDRAM active command and the
read/write command. NOTE: This field will only be adjustable when
SDRAM Configuration is set to [User Define].
4. BIOS SETUP
Chip Configuration
PCI Master Read Caching
Default: [Enabled] for Athlon Processors / [Disabled] for Duron Processors
Leave on default setting. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Delayed Transaction
Default: [Enabled] for Athlon Processors / [Disabled] for Duron Processors
Leave on default setting. Enabled, this frees the PCI Bus when the CPU is
accessing 8-bit ISA devices that normally consume about 50-60 PCI Clocks
without PCI delayed transaction. Select [Disabled] for ISA devices that are
not PCI 2.1 compliant. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
PCI to DRAM Prefetch [Enabled]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Byte Merge [Disabled]
To optimize the data transfer on PCI, this merges a sequence of individual
memory writes (bytes or words) into a single 32-bit block of data. However,
byte merging may only be done when the bytes within a data phase are in a
prefetchable address range. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
DRAM Read Latch Delay [Auto]
Configuration options: [-0.01 ns] [0.75 ns]...[Auto]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Memory Early/Delay Write [Auto]
Configuration options: [0.0 ns] [0.5 ns]...[Auto]
Memory Data Drive [Auto]
Configuration options: [Auto] [Weak] [Strong]
CAS# Drive [Auto]
Configuration options: [Auto] [Weak] [Strong]
DIMM Interleave Setting [Auto]
Configuration options: [Auto] [Disabled]
Graphics Aperture Size [64MB]
This feature allows you to select the size of mapped memory for AGP graphic
data. Configuration options: [4MB] [8MB] [16MB] [32MB] [64MB]
[128MB] [256MB]
4. BIOS SETUP
Video Memory Cache Mode [UC]
USWC (uncacheable, speculative write combining) is a new cache technology for the video memory of the processor. It can greatly improve the display speed by caching the display data. You must set this to UC (uncacheable)
if your display card cannot support this feature; otherwise your system may
not boot. Configuration options: [UC] [USWC]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4.2 I/O Device Configuration
Onboard FDC Swap A & B [No Swap]
This field allows you to reverse the hardware drive letter assignments of
your floppy disk drives. Configuration options: [No Swap] [Swap AB]
4. BIOS SETUP
I/O Device Config
Floppy Disk Access Control [R/W]
When set to [Read Only], this field protects files from being copied to floppy
disks by allowing reads from the floppy disk drive but not writes. The setup
default [R/W] allows both reads and writes. Configuration options: [R/W]
[Read Only]
Onboard Serial Port 1 [3F8H/IRQ4]
Onboard Serial Port 2 [2F8H/IRQ3]
These fields allow you to set the addresses for the onboard serial connectors. Serial Port 1 and Serial Port 2 must have different addresses. Configuration options: [3F8H/IRQ4] [2F8H/IRQ3] [3E8H/IRQ4] [2E8H/IRQ10]
[Disabled]
UART2 Use Infrared [Disabled]
When enabled, this field activates the onboard standard infrared feature and sets the
second serial UART to support the infrared module connector on the motherboard. If
your system already has a second serial port connected to the onboard COM2 connector, it will no longer work if you enable the infrared feature. See Standard and Consumer Infrared Module Connector in 3.8 External Connectors. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Onboard Parallel Port [378H/IRQ7]
This field sets the address of the onboard parallel port connector. If you disable this
feature, Parallel Port Mode and ECP DMA Select configurations will not be available. Configuration options: [Disabled] [378H/IRQ7] [278H/IRQ5]
Parallel Port Mode [ECP+EPP]
This field allows you to set the operation mode of the parallel port. [Normal] allows
normal-speed operation but in one direction only; [EPP] allows bidirectional parallel
port operation; [ECP] allows the parallel port to operate in bidirectional DMA mode;
[ECP+EPP] allows normal speed operation in a two-way mode. Configuration options: [Normal] [ECP] [EPP] [ECP+EPP]
ECP DMA Select [3]
This field allows you to configure the parallel port DMA channel for the selected ECP
mode. This selection is available only if you select [ECP] or [ECP+EPP] in Parallel
Port Mode above. Configuration options: [1] [3]
4. BIOS SETUP
I/O Device Config
Onboard Peripheral Resource Control
Onboard AC97 Modem Controller [Auto]
Onboard AC97 Audio Controller [Auto]
[Auto] allows the motherboard’s BIOS to detect whether you are using any
modem/audio device. If a modem/audio device is detected, the onboard
modem/audio controller will be enabled; if no modem/audio device is detected, the onboard modem/audio controller will be disabled. If you have
conflicts with the onboard modem/audio controller, you may set the appropriate field to [Disabled]. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Auto]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Game Port Function [Disabled]
Enable this field to use the game port. Configuration options: [Disabled]
[Enable (200h-207h)]
Onboard Legacy Audio Support [Disabled]
The onboard chipset is integrated with a SoundBlaster Pro controller. To
use it, you must enable this field. Leave on the default setting [Disabled] if
you want to use an add-on audio device. NOTE: To display the rest of the
setup items, this field must be enabled (as shown below).
4. BIOS SETUP
I/O Device Config
Sound Blaster Emulation [Disabled]
Select [Enabled] for this field if you want to use the Sound Blaster™ emulation feature.
Sound Blaster I/O Base Address [220h-22Fh]
Sound Blaster IRQ [IRQ5]
Sound Blaster DMA [DMA 1]
These fields set the I/O address, IRQ, and DMA channel for the Sound
Blaster™ feature.
MPU 401 [Enabled]
Enable this field if you want to use the MIDI device onboard.
MPU 401 I/O Base Address [300h-303h]
This sets the I/O address for the onboard MIDI device.
FM Enable (388h-38Bh) [Disabled]
This field enables or disables the FM modulation feature.
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4.3 PCI Configuration
4. BIOS SETUP
PCI Configuration
Slot 1, Slot 2, Slot 3, Slot 4/5 IRQ [Auto]
These fields set how IRQ use is determined for each PCI slot. The default
setting for each field is [Auto], which utilizes auto-routing to determine
IRQ use. Configuration options: [Auto] [NA] [3] [4] [5] [7] [9] [10] [11]
[12] [14] [15]
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop [Disabled]
Some nonstandard VGA cards, such as graphics accelerators or MPEG video
cards, may not show colors properly. The setting [Enabled] should correct
this problem. Otherwise, leave this on the default setting of [Disabled].
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
PCI Latency Timer [32]
Leave on default setting for best performance vs. stability.
SYMBIOS SCSI BIOS [Auto]
[Auto] allows the motherboard’s BIOS to detect whether you have a Symbios
SCSI card. If the Symbios SCSI card is detected, the motherboard’s Symbios
BIOS will be enabled; if no Symbios SCSI card is detected, the onboard
Symbios SCSI BIOS will be disabled.
[Disabled] will disable the motherboard’s Symbios SCSI BIOS so that the
BIOS on an add-on Symbios SCSI card can be used. If your Symbios SCSI
card does not have a BIOS, the Symbios SCSI card will not function. Configuration options: [Auto] [Disabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
USB Function [Enabled]
This motherboard supports Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices. Set to [Enabled] if you want to use USB devices. Configuration options: [Disabled]
[Enabled]
Primary VGA BIOS [PCI Card]
If your computer has both PCI and AGP VGA cards, this field allows ¥ou to
select which of the cards will act as your primary graphics card. [AGP Card]
uses the AGP card as your primary card. The default, [PCI Card], allows
your PCI graphics card to take precedence when detected. Configuration
options: [PCI Card] [AGP Card]
Onboard ATA device First [Yes]
When set to [Yes], this field allows the devices on the ATA/100 channel to
be bootable. Configuration options: [No] [Yes]
PCI/PNP IRQ Resource Exclusion
4. BIOS SETUP
PCI Configuration
IRQ XX Reserved for Legacy Device [No/ICU]
These fields indicate whether or not the displayed IRQ for each field is
being used by an onboard legacy (non-PnP) ISA device. The default value
indicates either that the displayed IRQ is not used or that ISA Configuration
Utility (ICU) is being used to determine if an ISA device is using that IRQ.
Configuration options: [No/ICU] [Yes]
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4. BIOS SETUP
PCI/PNP DMA Resource Exclusion
4. BIOS SETUP
PCI Configuration
DMA x Reserved for Legacy Device [No/ICU]
These fields indicate whether or not the displayed DMA channel for each
field is being used by an onboard legacy (non-PnP) ISA device. The default
setting indicates either that the displayed DMA channel is not used or an
ICU is being used to determine if an ISA device is using that channel. Configuration options: [No/ICU] [Yes]
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4. BIOS SETUP
PCI/PNP UMB Resource Exclusion
4. BIOS SETUP
PCI Configuration
Reserved MEM Block BASE [No/ICU]
This field allows you to set the base address and block size of an onboard
legacy ISA device that uses any memory segment within the C800 and DFFF
address range. If you have such a device and you are not using an ICU to
specify its address range, select a base address from the six available options; the Reserved MEM Block SIZE field will then appear for selecting
the block size. If you have more than one legacy ISA device onboard that
requires the use of this address range, you can increase the block size to 8K,
16K, 32K, or 64K. If you are using an ICU to accomplish this task, leave
Reserved MEM Block BASE to its default setting of [No/ICU]. Configuration options: [No/ICU] [C800] [CC00] [D000] [D400] [D800] [DC00]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.4.4 Shadow Configuration
Video ROM BIOS Shadow [Enabled]
This field allows you to change the video BIOS location from ROM to
RAM. Relocating to RAM enhances system performance, as information
access is faster than the ROM. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
Shadow Configuration
C8000-DFFFF Shadow [Disabled]
These fields are used for shadowing other expansion card ROMs. If you
install other expansion cards with ROMs on them, you will need to know
which addresses the ROMs use to shadow them specifically. Shadowing a
ROM reduces the memory available between 640K and 1024K by the amount
used for this purpose. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.5 Power Menu
The Power menu allows you to reduce power consumption. This feature turns off the
video display and shuts down the hard disk after a period of inactivity.
4. BIOS SETUP
Power Menu
Power Management [User Define]
This option must be enabled to use any of the automatic power saving features. If
this menu item is set to [Disabled], power management features will not function
regardless of other field settings on this menu. The [User Define] option allows you
to make your own selections in the Power menu. When set to [Max Saving], system
power will be conserved to its greatest amount. The Suspend Mode field will then
be set to predefined value that ensures maximum power savings.
This field acts as the master control for the power management modes. [Max Saving] puts the system into power saving mode after a brief period of system inactivity; [Min Saving] is almost the same as [Max Saving] except that the system inactivity period is longer; [Disabled] disables the power saving features; [User Define]
allows you to set power saving options according to your preference. Configuration
options: [User Define] [Disabled] [Min Saving] [Max Saving]
IMPORTANT: Advanced Power Management (APM) should be installed to keep
the system time updated when the computer enters suspend mode activated by
the BIOS Power Management. For DOS environments, you need to add the
statement, DEVICE=C:\DOS\POWER.EXE, to your CONFIG.SYS file. For
Windows 3.x and Windows 95, you need to install Windows with the APM
feature. For Windows 98 and later, APM is automatically installed. A battery
and power cord icon labeled “Power Management” will appear in the “Control
Panel.” Choose “Advanced” in the Power Management Properties dialog box.
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4. BIOS SETUP
Video Off Option [Suspend -> Off ]
This field determines when to activate the video off feature for monitor
power management. Configuration options: [Always On] [Suspend -> Off]
Video Off Method [DPMS OFF]
This field defines the video off features. The DPMS (Display Power Management System) feature allows the BIOS to control the video display card if it
supports the DPMS feature. [Blank Screen] only blanks the screen (use this
for monitors without power management or “green” features. If set up in your
system, your screen saver will not display with [Blank Screen] selected). [V/
H SYNC+Blank] blanks the screen and turns off vertical and horizontal scanning. Configuration options: [Blank Screen] [V/H SYNC+Blank] [DPMS
Standby] [DPMS Suspend] [DPMS OFF] [DPMS Reduce ON]
HDD Power Down [Disabled]
Shuts down any IDE hard disk drives in the system after a period of inactivity as set in this user-configurable field. This feature does not affect
SCSI hard drives. Configuration options: [Disabled] [1 Min] [2 Min] [3
Min]...[15 Min]
4. BIOS SETUP
Power Menu
Suspend-to-RAM Capability [Disabled]
Suspend-to-RAM (STR) is an energy-saving feature. In Suspend-to-RAM
state, all devices on the computer are turned off, except for the system
RAM. Thus, the PC consumes less than 5 Watts of power. [Auto] allows
the BIOS to provide STR support, but to make the STR feature function,
your operating system, device drivers, and power supply all have to support
this feature. Please make sure your power supply can supply at least 720mA
on the +5VSB lead. If your OS, power supply, and the expansion cards you
use on the motherboard do not support the STR function, you may leave
this field on the default setting [Disabled]. Configuration options: [Auto]
[Disabled]
Suspend Mode [Disabled]
Sets the time period before the system goes into suspend mode. Configuration options: [Disabled] [30 Sec] [1 Min]... [40 Min]
PWR Button < 4 Secs [Soft Off]
When set to [Soft off], the ATX switch can be used as a normal system
power-off button when pressed for less than 4 seconds. [Suspend] allows
the button to have a dual function where pressing less than 4 seconds will
place the system in sleep mode. Regardless of the setting, holding the ATX
switch for more than 4 seconds will power off the system. Configuration
options: [Soft off] [Suspend]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.5.1 Power Up Control
4. BIOS SETUP
Power Up Control
AC PWR Loss Restart [Disabled]
This allows you to set whether you want your system to reboot after the
power has been interrupted. [Disabled] leaves your system off and [Enabled] reboots your system. [Previous State] sets your system back to the
state it is before the power interruption. Configuration options: [Disabled]
[Enabled] [Previous State]
PWR Up On External Modem Act [Enabled]
This allows either settings of [Enabled] or [Disabled] for powering up the
computer when the external modem receives a call while the computer is in
Soft-off mode. NOTE: The computer cannot receive or transmit data until
the computer and applications are fully running. Thus connection cannot be
made on the first try. Turning an external modem off and then back on while
the computer is off causes an initialization string that will also cause the
system to power on. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Wake On LAN or PCI Modem [Disabled]
Wake-On-LAN/PCI Modem allows your computer to be booted from another computer via a network by sending a wake-up frame or signal. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
IMPORTANT: This feature requires an optional network interface card with WakeOn-LAN and an ATX power supply with at least 720mA +5V standby power.
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4. BIOS SETUP
4. BIOS SETUP
Power Up Control
Automatic Power Up [Disabled]
This allows an unattended or automatic system power up. You may configure your system to power up at a certain time of the day by selecting [Everyday] or at a certain time and day by selecting [By Date]. NOTE: Automatic
Power Up will not work if the system is powered down by operating systems, such as Windows 98, that have ACPI support enabled. Configuration
options: [Disabled] [Everyday] [By Date]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.5.2 Hardware Monitor
MB Temperature [xxxC/xxxF]
CPU Temperature [xxxC/xxxF]
JTPWR Temperature [xxxC/xxxF]
The onboard hardware monitor is able to detect the MB (motherboard),
CPU and power supply temperatures. Set to [Ignore] only if necessary.
4. BIOS SETUP
Hardware Monitor
CPU Fan Speed [xxxxRPM]
Power Fan Speed [xxxxRPM]
Chassis Fan Speed [xxxxRPM]
The onboard hardware monitor is able to detect the CPU fan speed, power
supply fan speed, and the chassis fan speed in rotations per minute (RPM).
The presence of the fans is automatically detected. Set to [Ignore] only if
necessary.
VCORE Voltage, +3.3V Voltage, +5V Voltage, +12V Voltage [xx.xxV]
-12V Voltage, -5V Voltage [Ignore]
The onboard hardware monitor is able to detect the voltage output by the
onboard voltage regulators. Set to [Ignore] only if necessary.
NOTE: If any of the monitored items is out of range, an error message will
appear: “Hardware Monitor found an error. Enter Power setup menu for
details”. You will then be prompted to “Press F1 to continue, DEL to enter
SETUP”.
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.6 Boot Menu
Boot Sequence
4. BIOS SETUP
Boot Menu
The Boot menu allows you to select among the four possible types of boot
devices listed using the up and down arrow keys. By using the <+> or <Space>
key, you can promote devices and by using the <-> key, you can demote
devices. Promotion or demotion of devices alters the priority which the system uses to search for a boot device on system power up. Configuration fields
include Removable Devices, IDE Hard Drive, ATAPI CD-ROM, and Other
Boot Device.
Removable Device [Legacy Floppy]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [Legacy Floppy] [LS120] [ZIP-100]
[ATAPI MO] [USB FDD] [USB ZIP]
IDE Hard Drive
This field allows you to select which IDE hard disk drive to use in the boot
sequence. Pressing [Enter] will show the product IDs of all connected IDE
hard disk drives.
ATAPI CD-ROM
This field allows you to select which ATAPI CD-ROM drive to use in the
boot sequence. Pressing [Enter] will show the product IDs of all your connected ATAPI CD-ROM drives.
IMPORTANT: Make sure the ATAPI CD-ROM drive that you want to use in the
boot sequence is connected to either the PRIMARY or SECONDARY IDE connectors, not to the ATA100 connectors. Currently, the Promise® Ultra DMA/100
chip does not support this feature.
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4. BIOS SETUP
Other Boot Device Select [INT18 Device (Network)]
Configuration options: [Disabled] [SCSI/Onboard ATA Boot Device] [INT18
Device (Network)] [LANDesk (R) Service Agent]
Plug & Play O/S [No]
This field allows you to use a Plug-and-Play (PnP) operating system to configure the PCI bus slots instead of using the BIOS. When [Yes] is selected,
interrupts may be reassigned by the OS. When a non-PnP OS is installed or
you want to prevent reassigning of interrupt settings, select the default setting of [No]. Configuration options: [No] [Yes]
Reset Configuration Data [No]
The Extended System Configuration Data (ESCD) contain information about
non-PnP devices. It can also hold the complete record of how the system
was configured the last time it was booted. Select [Yes] only if you want to
clear these data during the Power-On Self Test (POST). Configuration options: [No] [Yes]
4. BIOS SETUP
Boot Menu
Boot Virus Detection [Enabled]
This field allows you to set boot virus detection, ensuring a virus-free boot
sector. The system halts and displays a warning message when it detects a
virus. If this occurs, you can either allow the operation to continue or use a
virus-free bootable floppy disk to restart and investigate your system. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
Quick Power On Self Test [Enabled]
This field speeds up the Power-On-Self Test (POST) routine by skipping
retesting a second, third, and fourth time. Configuration options: [Disabled]
[Enabled]
Boot Up Floppy Seek [Disabled]
When enabled, the BIOS will seek the floppy disk drive to determine whether
the drive has 40 or 80 tracks. Configuration options: [Disabled] [Enabled]
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4. BIOS SETUP
4.7 Exit Menu
Once you have made all of your selections from the various menus in the Setup program, you should save your changes and exit Setup. Select Exit from the menu bar to
display the following menu:
4. BIOS SETUP
Exit Menu
NOTE: Pressing <Esc> does not exit this menu. You must select one of the
options from this menu or <F10> from the legend bar to exit this menu.
Exit Saving Changes
Once you are finished making your selections, choose this option from the
Exit menu to ensure the values you selected are saved to the CMOS RAM.
The CMOS RAM is sustained by an onboard backup battery and stays on
even when the PC is turned off. Once this option is selected, a confirmation
is asked. Select [Yes] to save changes and exit.
NOTE: If you attempt to exit the Setup program without saving your
changes, the program will prompt you with a message asking if you want
to save your changes before exiting. Pressing <Enter> will then save changes
while exiting.
Exit Discarding Changes
This option should only be used if you do not want to save the changes you
have made to the Setup program. If you have made changes to fields other
than system date, system time, and password, the system will ask for confirmation before exiting.
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4. BIOS SETUP
Load Setup Defaults
This option allows you to load the default values for each of the parameters
on the Setup menus. When this option is selected or if <F5> is pressed, a
confirmation is requested. Select [Yes] to load default values. You can now
select Exit Saving Changes or make other changes before saving the values to the non-volatile RAM.
Discard Changes
This option allows you to discard the selections you made and restore the
values you previously saved. After selecting this option, a confirmation is
requested. Select [Yes] to discard any changes and load the previously saved
values.
Save Changes
This option saves your selections without exiting the Setup program. You
can then return to other menus and make changes. After selecting this option, all selections are saved and a confirmation is requested. Select [Yes] to
save any changes to the non-volatile RAM.
4. BIOS SETUP
Exit Menu
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.1 Install Operating System
You should always use the latest operating system and updates when using new
hardware to ensure full compliancy. You may use any version of Windows 98/2000/
Millenium, but for Windows 95, you must use OSR 2.0 or later. For Windows NT
4.0, you must use Service Pack 3.0 or later.
5.2 Start Windows
When you start Windows 98 for the first time after installing your motherboard,
Windows will detect all plug-and play devices. Follow the Add New Hardware Wizard to install all necessary device drivers. When prompted to restart, select No and
then follow the setup procedures in this section.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
NOTE: Because there are various motherboard settings, options, and expansion
cards, the following can only be used as a general reference and may not reflect
exactly the screen contents displayed on your screen.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.3 A7V Series Motherboard Support CD
NOTE: The support CD contents are subject to change at any time without notice.
To begin using your support CD disc, just insert it into your CD-ROM drive and the
support CD installation menu should appear. If the menu does not appear, doubleclick or run D:\ASSETUP.EXE (assuming that your CD-ROM drive is drive D:).
5.3.1 Installation Menu
•
•
•
•
•
•
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
•
•
VIA 4 in 1 drivers: Installs Bus Master PCI IDE Driver, AGP VxD Driver, VIA
Chipset Functions Registry, and IRQ Routing Miniport Driver.
Win95-98 Promise Ultra 100 IDE Controller: Shows instructions on how to
install the Promise Ultra 100 IDE Controller Driver for Windows 9x.
Install ASUS PC Probe Vx.xx: Installs a smart utility to monitor your computer’s
fan, temperature, and voltages.
ASUS Update Vx.xx: (Currently not available for this motherboard).
PC-Cillin 98 Vx.xx: Installs the PC-cillin virus protection software. View the
online help for more information.
ADOBE Acrobat Reader Vx.xx: Installs the Adobe Acrobat Reader software
necessary to view user’s manuals saved in PDF format. Updated or other language versions of this motherboard's manual is available in PDF format at any
of our web sites.
Install Cyberlink Video and Audio Applications: Installs Cyberlink
PowerPlayer SE, PowerDVD Trial, and Cyberlink VideoLive Mail.
Show Motherboard Information: Allows you to view information about your
motherboard, such as product name, BIOS version, and CPU.
(TO SEE THE FOLLOWING ITEMS, CLICK RIGHT ARROW ON THE LOWER-RIGHT CORNER
OF THE MAIN MENU)
•
•
•
Browse Support CD: Allows you to view the contents of the CD.
ReadMe: Allows you to view the support CD file list and contact information.
Exit: Exits the CD installation menu.
(TO RETURN TO THE MAIN MENU, CLICK LEFT ARROW ON THE LOWER-RIGHT CORNER OF THE
SECONDARY MENU)
Additonal CD Content: Flash BIOS writer in the AFLASH folder
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.4 VIA 4 in 1 drivers
Insert the Support CD that came with your motherboard into your CD-ROM drive
or double-click the CD drive icon in My Computer to bring up the setup screen.
(1) Click here.
(4) Select preferred options
and then click here.
(5) Click here.
(6) Click here.
(7) Click here.
(8) Click here.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
(2) Click here to open the VIA
Service Pack 1 README
dialog box. (3) Click Yes on
the box after you have read
and agreed to the README
and agreement.
(9) Click here and then follow
onscreen instructions to
complete installation.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.5 Win95-98 Promise Ultra 100 IDE Controller
Insert the Support CD that came with your motherboard into your CD-ROM drive
or double-click the CD drive icon in My Computer to bring up the setup screen.
(1) Click here to
open Setup
Instructions
(see below).
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.6 ASUS PC Probe Vx.xx
Insert the Support CD that came with your motherboard into your CD-ROM drive
or double-click the CD drive icon in My Computer to bring up the setup screen.
NOTE: ASUS PC Probe will not run if another hardware monitoring utility is installed. To uninstall any program, see 5.11 Uninstalling Programs.
(1) Click here.
(2) Click here.
(5) Click here.
(4) Click here.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
(3) Click here.
(6) Click here.
(7) Click here.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.7 ASUS Update Vx.xx
Insert the Support CD that came with your motherboard into your CD-ROM drive
or double-click the CD drive icon in My Computer to bring up the setup screen.
(1) Click here.
(2) Click here.
(3) Click here.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
(5) Click here to complete
setup.
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(4) Click here.
5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.8
PC-Cillin 98 Vx.xx
Insert the Support CD that came with your motherboard into your CD-ROM drive
or double-click the CD drive icon in My Computer to bring up the setup screen.
(2) Click here.
(1) Click here.
(3) Click here only after you have
read the License Agreement.
(4) Setup will proceed with
the installation if no
viruses are found. Click
here to start installation.
(6) & (7) Select the preferred features by
clicking the appropriate buttons.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
(5) Click here.
(8) Insert a floppy disk and then click
here. Once the Emergency Clean
disk is created, click OK.
(9) Click here and then
click Finish to restart.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.9 ADOBE Acrobat Reader Vx.xx
Insert the Support CD that came with your motherboard into your CD-ROM drive
or double-click the CD drive icon in My Computer to bring up the setup screen.
(2) Click here.
(1) Click here.
(3) Click here only after you have
read the License Agreement.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
(5) Click here and then
click Finish to restart.
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(4) Click here.
5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.10 Cyberlink Video and Audio Applications
5.10.1 System Requirements
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Pentium-100MHz PC compatible
Microsoft Windows 95/98/NT/2000
Hard disk drive with at least 10MB of free space
4x speed or above CD-ROM drive
Sound card with a Windows wave audio driver
256 (or above) color VGA card is required. A VGA card with
DirectDraw support
8MB system memory
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
5.10.2 Cyberlink Contact Information
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.10.3 Installation Procedures
Insert the Support CD that came with your motherboard into your CD-ROM drive
or double-click the CD drive icon in My Computer to bring up the setup screen.
(1) Click here.
(2) Click here.
(3) Click here.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
(5) Click here to install
PowerDVD.
(4) Click here and follow the
onscreen instructions to
complete installation.
(6) Click here and follow the
onscreen instructions to
complete installation.
(7) Click here and follow the
onscreen instructions to
complete installation.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
5.11 Uninstalling Programs
Add/Remove Programs is a basic component within Windows. You may use this
function if a program does not provide its own uninstallation program.
(1) Double-click here to open
the Add/Remove Programs
Properties dialog box.
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
(2) Select the program to
remove and click here.
(3) Click here.
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5. SOFTWARE SETUP
(This page was intentionally left blank.)
5. S/W SETUP
Windows 98
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
ASUS PC Probe
6.1 ASUS PC Probe
ASUS PC Probe is a convenient utility to continuously monitor your computer system’s vital components, such as fan rotations, voltages, and temperatures. It also has a utility that lets you review useful information about
your computer, such as hard disk space, memory usage, and CPU type, CPU
speed, and internal/external frequencies through the DMI Explorer.
6.1.1 Starting ASUS PC Probe
When ASUS PC Probe starts, a splash screen appears allowing you to select
whether to show the screen again when you open PC Probe or not. To bypass this startup screen, clear the Show up in next execution check box.
To open ASUS PC Probe, click the Windows Start button, point to Programs, and then ASUS Utility, and then click Probe Vx.xx.
The PC Probe icon
will appear on the taskbar’s system tray indicating
that ASUS PC Probe is running. Clicking the icon will allow you to see the
status of your PC.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
ASUS PC Probe
6.1.2 Using ASUS PC Probe
Monitoring
Monitor Summary
Shows a summary of the items being
monitored.
Temperature Monitor
Shows the PC’s temperature (for
supported processors only).
Temperature Warning
threshold adjustment
(Move the slider up to increase the
threshold level or down to decrease
the threshold level)
Fan Monitor
Shows the PC’s fan rotation.
Fan Warning
threshold adjustment
(Move the slider up to increase the
threshold level or down to decrease
the threshold level)
Voltage Monitor
Shows the PC’s voltages.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
ASUS PC Probe
Settings
Lets you set threshold levels and polling intervals or refresh times of the PC’s
temperature, fan rotation, and voltages.
CPU Cooling System Setup
Lets you select when to enable software CPU
cooling. When When CPU Overheated is selected,
the CPU cooling system is enabled whenever the
CPU temperature reaches the threshold value.
History
Lets you record the monitoring activity of a certain component of your PC
for future reference.
Fan Control
Lets you enable/disable Smart Fan Control. Smart Fan Control adjusts the fan
speed automatically based on the current
CPU temperature and predefined threshold.
Information
Hard Drives
Shows the used and free space of the
PC’s hard disk drives and the file allocation table or file system used.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
ASUS PC Probe
Memory
Shows the PC’s memory load, memory
usage, and paging file usage.
Device Summary
Shows a summary of devices in your PC.
DMI Explorer
Shows information pertinent to the PC,
such as CPU type, CPU speed, and internal/external frequencies, and memory
size.
Utility
Lets you run programs outside of the
ASUS Probe modules. To run a program,
click Execute Program. NOTE: This
feature is currently unavailable.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
ASUS PC Probe
6.1.3 ASUS PC Probe Task Bar Icon
Right clicking the PC Probe
icon will bring up a menu to
open or exit ASUS PC Probe
and pause or resume all system monitoring.
When the ASUS PC Probe
senses a problem with your
PC, portions of the ASUS PC
Probe icon changes to red, the
PC speaker beeps, and the
ASUS PC Probe monitor is displayed.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
PowerPlayer
6.2 CyberLink PowerPlayer SE
CyberLink PowerPlayer SE is an intelligent software player that can automatically
detect and playback all kinds of video/audio files, CD and MP3 files as well. This is
the only software you need for all types of video and audio files. No need to waste
time identifying your file types.
6.2.1 Starting CyberLink PowerPlayer SE
To start CyberLink Power Player, click the Windows Start button, point
to Programs, and then CyberLink PowerPlayer SE, and then click
PowerPlayer.
6.2.2 CyberLink PowerPlayer Control Panel
Minimize
Zoom
Eject
Help
About
Power Off
Stop
Backward Scan
Forward Scan
Backstep Frame
Previous
Step Frame
Next
Play
Stop
Configuration
i-Power!
Increase Volume
Mute
Decrease Volume
CD Mode
Shuffle
Karaoke
Capture frame
100
Next angle
Next audio stream
Next subtitle
Add bookmark
Go-Up
Repeat
Menu
Go to bookmark
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
PowerDVD
6.3 CyberLink PowerDVD
CyberLink PowerDVD is the flagship of CyberLink’s complete range of video and
audio software products. It features unrivaled functions allowing users to view high
quality video and media-rich DVD contents on the personal computer. With the iPower Internet Enabling feature, PowerDVD opens DVD enthusiasts to on-line DVD
resources via the PowerDVD Desktop Portal Page.
6.3.1 Starting CyberLink PowerDVD
To start CyberLink PowerDVD, click the Windows Start button, point to
Programs, and then CyberLink PowerDVD, and then click PowerDVD.
6.3.2 CyberLink PowerDVD User Interface
Minimize
Exit
Main Display
Control
Panel
(closed)
Full Screen / CD/File Control
Video Window Mode Wheel
Functions
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Help Eject
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
VideoLive Mail
6.4 CyberLink VideoLive Mail
CyberLink’s VideoLive Mail Plus Ver 3.0 (a.k.a. VLM 3) is a convenient and excellent way to create professional quality video mails from PC video/audio input devices and to send the mails to any recipients via VLM 3’s built-in e-mail system
through the Internet. VLM 3’s mails comprise video, sound, or snapshot information; and thus may convey the most profound information to target audiences. It is
very convenient for mail recipients who do not need to install additional software
component in order to view VLM 3 mails.
VLM 3 works as a very applicant sales tool. It efficiently delivers profound and live
product information to your target customers without costing a fortune. VLM 3 also
helps corporate managers easily give vivid speeches and broadcast through corporate E-mail system. For personal or home users, VLM 3 easily records live video
clips allowing users to send them to friends or family members across the Internet.
VLM 3 loads video messages from PC cameras, digital camcorders, analog camcorder
via video capture cards, or from an existing AVI video clips, and captures audio
messages from PC microphones. Video and audio messages are encoded at a very
high compressed rate in a real-time mode. From data input, data conversion, to
sending video mails via Internet, or saving data to disks, the whole procedure is
done in an easy and continuous process.
VLM 3’s video clip compression rate is up to 1:900, and its playback rate is up to 30
frame per second. VLM 3 provides CIF (352 x 288 pixel) display resolution, and
support true color configuration. A one-minute video mail with QCIF (176 x 144)
resolution takes up less than 500KB of memory, making it easy to transmit and save
mail. Users may always adjust resolution and recording parameters for different
purpose.
VLM 3 supports all the hardware devices that are compliant with Video for Windows standard. Video for Windows is a well-accepted and well-tested standard. Thus,
users do not have to worry about compatibility issues.
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
VideoLive Mail
6.4.1 Starting VideoLive Mail
To start VideoLive Mail, click the Windows Start button, point to Programs, and
then CyberLink VideoLive Mail, and then click VideoLive Mail x.x. VLM 3’s
Setup Wizard will start and guide you through configuring the video and audio input
peripherals and to setup the e-mail environment.
1. Setup Wizard first will prompt a dialog to confirm that you want to configure
the hardware and E-mail setting. Click Yes to continue the system parameter
configuration.
2. The e-mail configuration screen appears. You will need to enter your name and
the e-mail address. Click Next to continue.
3. The Internet e-mail configuration screen appears. You may choose to use the
VLM 3 built-in E-mail functionality (SMTP mail), or use MAPI compliant email system. Consult your ISP or MIS staff for the E-mail server IP address if
you are not sure. Click Next to continue.
4. Then the Video Configuration screen shows up. You may have to specify the
video driver for VLM 3, if there are several video-input devices installed. Then
configure the number of video frames to be captured per second. Note that the
more frames you choose, the bigger the file size will be. Click Next to continue.
5. Then the Setup Wizard will then search for the GSM CODECS module for audio compression, and prompt you with the result. Click Next to continue.
6. Setup Wizard then tests the audio volume during playing and recording. Click
Next when ready.
7. Configuration done. Click Finish to complete the environmental setting procedure.
6.4.2 CyberLink VideoLive Mail User Interface
Exit
Minimize
Help
Video Mail Wizard
Start Playback
Snapshot to File
Stop Recording / Playback
Save Video File
Send Mail
Video Configuration
Start Recording
Load Video File
Pause
ASUS A7V User’s Manual
Send Mail
Increase MIC volume
Decrease MIC volume
Increase speaker volume
Decrease speaker volume
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6. SOFTWARE REFERENCE
6. S/W REFERENCE
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7. APPENDIX
7. APPENDIX
ASUS LAN Card
7.1 PCI-L101 Fast Ethernet Card
LEDs
LAN Activity
Output Signal
Intel
Chipset
RJ45
Wake on LAN
Output Signal
ASUS
Motherboard type
Other
If you are using the ASUS PCI-L101 on an ASUS motherboard, leave the jumper on
its defaut setting of “ASUS.” If you are using another brand of motherboard, set the
jumper to “Other.” Connect the Wake on LAN (WOL) output signal to the
motherboard’s WOL_CON in order to utilize the wake on LAN feature of the motherboard. Connect the LAN activity output signal (LAN_LED) to the system cabinet’s
front panel LAN_LED in order to display the LAN data activity.
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7. APPENDIX
7.1.1 Features
7. APPENDIX
ASUS LAN Card
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Intel 82558 Ethernet LAN Controller (Fully integrated 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX)
Wake-On-LAN Remote Control Function Supported
PCI Bus Master Complies to PCI Local Bus Rev. 2.1 specifications
Consists of MAC & PHY (10/100Mbps) interfaces
Complies to IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T and IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX interfaces
Fully supports 10BASE-T & 100BASE-TX operations through a single RJ45 port
Supports 32-bit Bus Master Technology / PCI Rev. 2.1
Enhancements on ACPI & APM
Adheres to PCI Bus Power Management Interface Rev. 1.0, ACPI Rev. 1.0, and
Device Class Power Management Rev. 1.0
IEEE 802.3u auto-negotiation for 10Mbps/100Mbps Network Data Transfer
Rates.
Provides LED indicators for monitoring network conditions
Plug and Play
7.1.2 Software Driver Support
•
•
•
NetWare ODI Drivers - Novell Netware 3.x, 4.x, DOS, OS/2 Client
NDIS 2.01 Drivers - Microsoft LAN Manager, Microsoft Windows 3.11, IBM
LAN Server
NDIS 3.0 Drivers - Microsoft Windows NT, Microsoft Windows 95, Microsoft
Windows 3.11
7.1.3 Question and Answer
Q: What is Wake-On-LAN ?
A: The Wake-On-LAN feature provides the capability to remotely power on systems supporting Wake-On-LAN by simply sending a wake-up frame. With this
feature, remotely uploading/downloading data to/from systems during off-peak
hours will be feasible.
Q: What can Wake-On-LAN do for you ?
A: Wake-On-LAN is a remote management tool with advantages that can reduce
system management workload, provide flexibility to the system administrator’s
job, and then of course save you time-consuming efforts and costs.
Q: What components does Wake-On-LAN require to be enable?
A: To enable Wake-On-LAN function, your system requires Ethernet LAN adapter
card that can activate Wake-On-LAN function, a client with Wake-On-LAN capability, and software such as LDCM Rev. 3.10 or up that can trigger wake-up frame.
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7.2 Modem Riser
7.2.1 56K Software Modem
Layout of Primary MR
7.2.2 Primary/Seconday MR
Top:
There are two types of modem risers: primary
MR and secondary MR. In appearance, the
primary MR has a crystal onboard but the secondary does not. If your motherboard has an
audio codec and no PCI audio chipset onboard, you may use the secondary MR; otherwise, you should use the primary MR.
Bottom:
7. APPENDIX
Modem Riser
The Modem Riser (MR) is a high-speed PC
communication peripheral which works with
AMC’97/MC’97 compliant codecs. With this
software modem, you can connect your computer to a remote location, receiving data at
up to 56 Kbps in V.90 or K56flex modes.
Codec
PHONE
LINE
Crystal
7.2.3 Hardware Installation Procedure
1. Power OFF your computer.
2. Open the computer chassis and remove the metal plate on the AMR expansion slot.
3. Carefully align the MR card’s connector to the AMR slot and press firmly.
4. Secure the MR card onto the chassis
with the screw removed in step 2.
5. Connect the MR card’s LINE connector to a telephone wall jack. Connect
the PHONE connector to a telephone
(optional).
6. Replace the computer chassis.
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7. APPENDIX
7.2.4 Software Setup in Windows 98
The Modem Riser supports the Plug and Play feature. It allows your computer to
automatically set the optimal configurations for the MR and communication software. Follow the procedure below to install the modem driver.
1. Power ON the computer after the hardware installation is completed.
7. APPENDIX
Modem Riser
2. Windows 98 will automatically detect the
modem and display a “PCI Card” message under “Add New Hardware Found”.
3. Select Search for the best driver for
your device and click Next.
4. Insert the Support CD that came with
your motherboard into your CD-ROM
drive. Enter the path E:\Modem\Win98
(assuming that your CD-ROM drive is
drive E:) for the MR driver.
5. After the driver is located, click Next
and then click Finish.
6. Restart your computer. Double click the
modem icon at the bottom-right corner
of the window.
7. Click the Settings tab. Select your country and language. Click OK.
8. Click Start, point to Settings, click
Control Panel, double click Modems,
click the General tab, and click
Motorala SM56 AC-L Modem.
9. Click Diagnostic and then click the
designated COM port as shown.
10. Click More Info.... If the computer system successfully communicates with the
modem, responses will be displayed as
shown.
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7.3 Glossary
Bus
PCI
AGP 1X
AGP 2X
AGP 4X
Bus Frequency
33MHz
66MHz
66MHz
66MHz
Bandwidth
33MHz
66MHz
133MHz
266MHz
7 . APPENDIX
Glossary
1394
1394 is the IEEE designation for the high performance serial bus at 12.5, 25 or
50MBytes/sec speeds. This serial bus defines both a back plane physical layer and a
point-to-point cable-connected virtual bus. The primary application of the cable version is the integration of I/O connectivity at the back panel of personal computers
using a low-cost, scalable, high-speed serial interface. The 1394 standard also provides new services such as live connect/disconnect capability for external devices
including disk drives, printers and hand-held peripherals such as scanners and cameras. This is a new standard to complement the slower USB interface and to compete
with the more expensive SCSI interface.
AC97 (Audio Codec '97)
AC '97 is the next step in enabling PCs with audio quality comparable to consumer
electronics devices. The specification defines new cost-effective options to help integrate the components necessary to support next-generation auto-intensive PC applications such as DVD, 3-D multiplayer gaming and interactive music. The specification also defines new extensions supporting modem and docking to help both
desktop and mobile manufacturers adopt these new technologies more quickly and
cost-effectively. This specification uses software emulation to compete with the PCI
SoundBlaster specification.
ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)
The ACPI specification defines a cross-platform interface designed to support many
operating systems. ACPI defines a flexible and abstract hardware interface that provides a standard way to integrate power management features throughout a PC system, including hardware, operating system and application software. This enables
the system to automatically turn ON and OFF peripherals such as CD-ROMs, network cards, hard disk drives, and printers, as well as consumer devices connected to
the PC such as VCRs, TVs, phones, and stereos. With this technology, peripherals
will also be able to activate the PC. For example, inserting a tape into a VCR can
turn on the PC, which could then activate a large-screen TV and high-fidelity sound
system.
AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port)
An interface specification that enables high-performance 3D graphics on mainstream
PCs. AGP was designed to offer the necessary bandwidth and latency to perform
texture mapping directly from system memory.
Data Transfer Rate
133MByte/sec
266MByte/sec
512MByte/sec
1024MByte/sec
BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
BIOS is a set of routines that affect how the computer transfers data between computer components, such as memory, disks, and the display adapter. The BIOS instructions are built into the computer’s read-only memory. BIOS parameters can be
configured by the user through the BIOS Setup program. The BIOS can be updated
using the provided utility to copy a new BIOS file into the EEPROM.
Bit (Binary Digit)
Represents the smallest unit of data used by the computer. A bit can have one of two
values: 0 or 1.
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7. APPENDIX
7. APPENDIX
Glossary
Boot
Boot means to start the computer operating system by loading it into system memory.
When the manual instructs you to “boot” your system (or computer), it means to
turn ON your computer. “Reboot” means to restart your computer. When using Windows 95 or later, selecting “Restart” from “Start | Shut Down...” will reboot your
computer.
Bus Master IDE
PIO (Programmable I/O) IDE requires that the CPU be involved in IDE access and
waiting for mechanical events. Bus master IDE transfers data to/from the memory
without interrupting the CPU. Bus master IDE driver and bus master IDE hard disk
drives are required to support bus master IDE mode.
Byte (Binary Term)
One byte is a group of eight contiguous bits. A byte is used to represent a single
alphanumeric character, punctuation mark, or other symbol.
COM Port
COM is a logical device name used by to designate the computer serial ports. Pointing devices, modems, and infrared modules can be connected to COM ports. Each
COM port is configured to use a different IRQ and address assignment.
Concurrent PCI
Concurrent PCI maximizes system performance with simultaneous CPU, PCI and
ISA bus activities. It includes multi-transaction timing, enhanced write performance,
a passive release mechanism and support for PCI 2.1 compliant delayed transactions. Concurrent PCI provides increased bandwidth, reduced system latencies, improves video and audio performance, and improves processing of host based applications.
CPU (Central Processing Unit)
The CPU, sometimes called “Processor,” actually functions as the “brain” of the
computer. It interprets and executes program commands and processes data stored
in memory. Currently, there are socket 370 (for Pentium III FC-PGA and CeleronPPGA), socket 7 (for Pentium, AMD, Cyrix, IBM), slot 1 (for Pentium II and III),
slot 2 (for Xeon), and slot A (for AMD) processors.
Device Driver
A device driver is a special set of instructions that allows the computer’s operating
system to communicate with devices such as VGA, audio, printer, or modem.
DOS (Disk Operating System)
DOS is the foundation on which all other programs and software applications operate, including Windows. DOS is responsible for allocating system resources such as
memory, CPU time, disk space, and access to peripheral devices. For this reason,
DOS constitutes the basic interface between you and your computer.
DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory)
There are several different types of DRAM such as, EDO DRAM (Extended Data
Output DRAM), SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM), and RDRAM (Rambus DRAM).
Flash ROM
The flash ROM is designed to be a resident program and can be updated by a specific programming method. Normally, the flash ROM is used for system BIOS which
initiates hardware devices and sets up necessary parameters for the OS. Since the
contents of flash ROM can be modified, users are able to update the BIOS by themselves.
IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics)
IDE devices integrate the drive control circuitry directly on the drive itself, eliminating the need for a separate adapter card (in the case for SCSI devices). UltraDMA/
33 IDE devices can achieve up to 33MB/Sec transfer.
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7 . APPENDIX
Glossary
LPT Port (Line Printer Port)
Logical device name reserved by DOS for the computer parallel ports. Each LPT
port is configured to use a different IRQ and address assignment.
MMX
A set of 57 new instructions based on a technique called Single Instruction, Multiple
Data (SIMD), which is built into the new Intel Pentium PP/MT (P55C) and Pentium
II (Klamath) CPU as well as other x86-compatible microprocessors. The MMX instructions are designed to accelerate multimedia and communications applications,
such as 3D video, 3D sound, video conference.
OnNow
The OnNow design initiative is a comprehensive, system-wide approach to system
and device power control. OnNow is a term for PC that is always ON but appears
OFF and responds immediately to user or other requests. The OnNow design initiative involves changes that will occur in the Microsoft Windows operating system,
device drivers, hardware, and applications, and also relies on the changes defined in
the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) specification.
PC100
SDRAM is Intel's goal is to ensure that memory subsystems continue to support
evolving platform requirements and to assure that memory does not become a bottleneck to system performance. It is especially important to ensure that the PC memory
roadmap evolves together with the performance roadmaps for the processors, I/O
and graphics.
PCI Bus (Peripheral Component Interconnect Local Bus)
PCI bus is a specification that defines a 32-bit data bus interface. PCI is a standard
widely used by expansion card manufacturers.
PCI Bus Master
The PCI Bus Master can perform data transfer without local CPU help and furthermore, the CPU can be treated as one of the Bus Masters. PCI 2.1 supports concurrent PCI operation to allow the local CPU and bus master to work simultaneously.
Plug and Play BIOS
The ISA bus architecture requires the allocation of memory and I/O address, DMA
channels and interrupt levels among multiple ISA cards. However, configuration of
ISA cards is typically done with jumpers that change the decode maps for memory
and I/O space and steer the DMA and interrupt signals to different pins on the bus.
Further, system configuration files may need to be updated to reflect these changes.
Users typically resolve sharing conflicts by referring to documentation provided by
each manufacturer. For the average user, this configuration process can be unreliable and frustrating. Plug and play (PnP) BIOS eliminates the ISA add-on card hardware conflict problem. The PnP BIOS uses a memory block to define and remember
each card's configuration, which allows the user to change the card's IRQs and DMA
in BIOS either automatically or manually.
POST (Power On Self Test)
When you turn ON the computer, it will first run through the POST, a series of
software-controlled diagnostic tests. The POST checks system memory, the motherboard circuitry, the display, the keyboard, the diskette drive, and other I/O devices.
PS/2 Port
PS/2 ports are based on IBM Micro Channel Architecture. This type of architecture
transfers data through a 16-bit or 32-bit bus. A PS/2 mouse and/or keyboard may be
used on ATX motherboards.
RDRAM (Rambus DRAM)
Developed by Rambus, Inc., this type of memory can deliver up to 1.6GB of data
per second. RDRAM is the first interface standard that can be directly implemented
on high performance VLSI components such as, CMOS DRAMs, memory controllers, and graphics/video ICs.
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7. APPENDIX
7. APPENDIX
Glossary
ROM (Read Only Memory)
ROM is nonvolatile memory used to store permanent programs (called firmware)
used in certain computer components. Flash ROM (or EEPROM) can be reprogrammed with new programs (or BIOS).
SCSI (Small Computer System Interface)
High speed multi-threaded I/O interface defined by the X3T9.2 committee of the
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) for connecting many peripheral devices. The standard started from 10MBytes/sec to 160MBytes/sec available today.
SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)
The SDRAM features a fully synchronous operation referenced to a positive edge
clock whereby all operations are synchronized at a clock input which enables the
coexistence of high performance and a simple user interface. SDRAM takes memory
access away from the CPU's control; internal registers in the chips accept the request, and let the CPU do something else while the data requested is assembled for
the next time the CPU talks to the memory. As they work on their own clock cycle,
the rest of the system can be clocked faster. There is a version optimized for video
cards, and main memory for motherboards.
SPD for SDRAM module
Serial Presence Detect (SPD) is most like an ID detect for SDRAM module, it using
a EEPROM component on DIMM module for storing module configuration information inside. The Serial Presence Detect function is implemented using a 2048 bit
EEPROM component. This nonvolatile storage device contains data programmed
by the DIMM manufacturer that identifies the module type and various SDRAM
organization and timing parameters.
SSE (Streaming SIMD Extensions)
A set of new instructions added to existing architectures that enables a better visual
experience with an accelerated 3D geometry pipeline and support for new applications, such as real-time video encoding and speech recognition.
System Disk
A system disk contains the core file of an operating system and is used to boot up the
operating system.
UltraDMA
Ultra DMA/33 is a "synchronous DMA" protocol designed by Intel. This function is
included into Intel's PIIX4 chipset. The traditional IDE transfer only uses one edge
of the data stroke as the data transfer. Ultra DMA/33 uses both edges of data strobe
when the data is transferred. Hence, the data transfer rate is double of the PIO mode
4 or DMA mode 2 (16.6MB/s x2 = 33MB/s) on ATA-2 devices.
Ultra ATA/66, also known as Ultra DMA/66, is an extension of current Ultra ATA/
33 interface. This new high-speed interface has doubled the Ultra ATA/33 burst data
transfer rate to 66.6 Mbytes/sec and maximized disk performance under current PCI
local bus environment
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
A 4-pin serial cable bus that allows up to 127 plug and play computer peripherals
such as keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer, modem, and monitor to share a
bandwidth through a host scheduled token based protocol. This allows attaching or
detaching while the host and other peripherals are in operation. Supports synchronous and asynchronous transfer types over the same set of wires up to 12Mbit/sec.
USB 2.0 provides twice the transfer rate compared to USB 1.0 and competes with
the 1394 standard.
Wake-On-LAN
Computer will automatically wake-up upon receiving a wake-up packet through a
Network interface when it is under power soft-off, suspend or sleep mode.
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