Interlux Boat Painting Guide & Color Card

Interlux Boat Painting Guide & Color Card
Boat Paint Guide
& Color Card
US Edition
Topsides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .08
Undercoats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
No matter where you are, in whichever waters around the globe, you’ll find high
performance coatings backed by meticulously researched knowledge and support
from Interlux.
Varnishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Why do I need a Thinner? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Whether we’re in the lab researching and developing new products, or out on the water
putting our products to the test, we’re in our element. Getting the chemistry right is
critical to us, as is knowing the subtle differences between people and water all over
the world. Wherever there are boats, we’re right at the heart of the matter, making
connections, solving problems, sharing knowledge…
Health & Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Our World is Water
At Interlux, we recognize the importance of providing high-quality technical support
and advice to all our customers. Whether you’re a novice or a more experienced
DIY’er, you’re sure to have a question for us – and we’d love to help – here’s how
you can reach us…
Don Campbell
Technical Manager,
North America
n ‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
How to prepare bare substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Painting your bilge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Always check the weather! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Preparing a non-skid deck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Making small repairs to fiberglass . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Applying varnishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Removing aged finishes or varnishes . . . . . . . . . .21
Applying antifouling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
Removing antifouling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Applying antifouling to an aluminum pontoon boat 34
Applying finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Painting outdrives, stern gear, propellers & keels . . .35
n Antifouling
Is my new antifouling compatible? . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Below water systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Technical data sheets
n Topsides
1 800 468-7589
Material safety data sheets
interluxtechnicalservice
@akzonobel.com
Join the discussion at
www.yachtpaintforum.com
Topsides
How much antifouling paint do I need? . . . . . . . . .37
yachtpaint.com
Product labels
Have a question? Our experts have the answers!
Two-part premium paint systems . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Varnish systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
One-part conventional paint systems . . . . . . . . . . .43
Sikkens Cetol® Marine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
n Blister Repair and Prevention
How to protect against osmosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
How to treat osmosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Osmosis protection systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
Interlux and the environment: We have many products and systems designed to help you reduce your
boating environmental footprint. Call us or see the appropriate sections on yachtpaint.com for more information.
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Ask the Experts
n Before You Start
Before
You Start
Primers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
Antifoulings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .04
Antifouling
n Quick Reference Guide
For over a century we’ve been creating the most innovative paint solutions to protect,
beautify and improve the performance of all types of boats.
Quick Reference
Guide
Contents
n The Echo Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
The Echo
Program
Boat Paint Guide & Color Card
n Color Card
Antifoulings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Color
Card
Topside Finishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
02
03
Quick Reference Guide
Boat Paint Guide
Antifoulings
Use this guide to our antifouling
products to help you choose the
perfect product for your project.
Micron® Technology Polishing Antifoulings
Micron® 66®
■
Key attributes
■
■
■
■
Micron® Extra
■
Top of the Micron range
Patented self polishing copolymer
technology with Biolux®
Best antifouling performance in
the harshest fouling conditions
Maximum protection even during
stationary periods at the dock
■
■
■
Biolux® technology boosts
performance by controlling slime
Excellent for use on all boats*
in all waters
Not suitable for use in
fresh water
■
■
■
433
433 or
216
Thinners
216
Micron® CF
Micron® CSC
■
Controlled polishing –
gets smoother with time
maximizing fuel efficiency
Additional High Performance Products
■
Proven performance
for 20 years
Haul & relaunch
without repainting
■
Wears down like a
bar of soap
■
Suitable for power
and sailboats
■
In VOC regulated areas
please use Micron® CSC HS
433
216
■
Ultra
■
All the benefits of
Micron technology in
a copper-free formula
■
Multi-season antifouling
protection
■
Uses Biolux® slime
blocking technology
■
Bright colors including
Shell White as well as
a crisp black
Pacifica® Plus
■
Ultra strong formula for
high fouling areas
Fast dry – paint and launch
the same day
Biolux increases antifouling
performance
■
®
Use wherever the fouling
challenge is severe
■
■
Copper-free ablative
antifouling
■
Contains Econea™
to control barnacles
and shell fouling
■
High solids, low
solvent emissions
Fiberglass
Bottomkote® NT
ACT
■
■
Contains Slime Fighter
to combat slime
Best value ablative
antifouling available
Designed to erode
away with use
Overcoats existing
antifoulings
Eliminates paint build-up
and sanding
■
■
■
Dual Resin Technology
optimizes the benefits
of hard and ablative
paints
Slow polishing action
minimizes paint build-up
and prevents premature
wear-through
Fiberglass
Bottomkote® Aqua
■
Solid protection against
all types of fouling,
including zebra mussels
■
Colorfast durable finish
■
Easy clean-up with water
■
Reduced emissions,
low odor
Trilux® 33®
■
■
■
■
Fast dry – paint and
launch the same day
Available in 5 bright
clean colors including
White
Ideal for use on all
substrates, including
aluminum
Biolux® blocks slime
Slow polishing, avoids
seasonal paint
build-up
Suitable for use on all boats
433
216
433
216
433
433 or
216
216
433
216
433 or
216
Water
Practical coverage (ft2/gallon)
320
440
440
518
455
528
430
400
407
440
Number of coats
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
2 (3 on bare wood)
2 (3 on bare wood)
2 (3 on bare wood)
2 (3 on bare wood)
2 (3 on bare wood)
2 (3 on bare wood)
✗
✗
✗
✓
✗
✓
✗
✗
✗
✓
Substrates
Safe for use on aluminum
Application method
‘
* Not for use on aluminum hulls.
Use antifouling paints safely. Always read the label and product information before use.
Econea™ is a trademark of Johnson & Johnson.
Trilux® 33® Aerosol
Interested in the relative environmental impact* of your chosen product?
■
For more information go to echoprogram.com
■
* When compared to the largest selling product in OUR range.
FRP
04
WOOD
STEEL
ALUMINUM
LEAD
GALV.
STEEL
■
BRUSH
ROLLER
SPRAY
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
AEROSOL
For comprehensive application and scheme information, always read the technical data sheet before you start.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
05
06
Effective antifouling in a convenient aerosol
Biolux® technology reduces slime and
increases antifouling performance
For all outdrives and underwater metals
Black YBA063A
STEEL
Gray YBA064A
ALUMINUM
White YBA068A
LEAD
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
GALV.
STEEL
Quick Reference Guide
■
■
■
Fluoro microadditive provides
a low friction surface for a
high performance finish
■
■
Hard, smooth finish can
be burnished
Hard, smooth, thin film
antifouling for a high
performance finish
■
With fluoro microadditive
for a low friction surface
■
Quick drying for fast
re-launch
Professional-quality results
made easy
Highest gloss and highest
abrasion resistance
Unique UV protection for
longest-lasting color and gloss
Suitable for salt and
fresh water
Thinners
216
Thinners
216
■
Ideal for use anywhere above
the true waterline
Full range of bright, crisp colors
333
2333N
216
■
■
■
Contains fine mineral additive
for hard wearing, non-slip
surface
■
■
Suitable for all substrates
Low sheen finish prevents
sunlight glare
■
Hard wearing coating for
bilges and bulkheads
Chemical resistance to fumes,
fuel and oil
High opacity for thorough
coverage
■
Cleans easily for reduced
upkeep
Apply straight from the can
with brush or roller
■
333
333
Instant scratch repair
for gelcoat and paint
216
489
495
396
321
■
2-3 (3-4 coats if wet sanding)
2-3
Number of coats
2-3
2-3
1-2
1-2
■
Offers a
convenient
and easy
way to repair
scratches
and chips fast
Creates an
almost
invisible repair
No hassle removal when a
permanent repair is made
Quick repair to keep your
boat looking its best
Available in 12 colors to easily
match gelcoat and paint
Substrates
✓
✓
Color
Code
Application method
VC Performance Epoxy
VC Offshore Regatta Baltoplate
Biocide-free bottom coating
Antifouling for the serious racer
■
■
A bright white hard, abrasion resistant epoxy
Ideal for boats stored on racks and
lifts as well as trailered boats
Contains a fluoro microadditive
to reduce friction
Can be applied by spray, roller or
brush and wet sanded for extra smoothness
■
■
■
A long heritage of use by winning sailors
Can be burnished to a smooth, shiny
metallic finish
Can be used in fresh, salt and
brackish waters
For use on fiberglass, wood and
primed underwater metals (except aluminum)
Flattening
Agent YZM914
Flattening
Agent YMA715
Intergrip No Skid
Compound 2398C
Intergrip No Skid
Compound 2398C
LEAD
GALV.
STEEL
BRUSH
For a no-skid finish add:
Interested in the relative environmental impact* of your chosen product?
* When compared to the largest selling product in OUR range.
ROLLER
SPRAY
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
White 011 White / Blu-Glo White /
Mediterranean White
White 012 Snow White
White 013 Ivory / Hatteras Off-White
FRP
07
08
–
Flattening
Agent YMA715
–
Intergrip No Skid
Compound 2398C
White 015 Off White
Black 111 Black
Blue 211
For more information go to echoprogram.com
STEEL
Epoxy
Primekote®
or Pre-Kote
Similar to
Perfection / Brightside
White 014 Matterhorn White
For a satin finish add:
Use antifouling paints safely. Always read the label and product information before use.
WOOD
Epoxy
Primekote®
or Pre-Kote
®
Additives
®
Epoxy
Primekote®
or Pre-Kote
Epoxy
Primekote®
Recommended undercoat
FRP
■
■
Practical coverage (ft2/gallon)
Application method
■
■
Excellent flow and leveling
characteristics yield that
‘sprayed on’ look when
brush applied
Slip resistant polyurethane
deck paint
340
Suitable for high speed craft
■
■
■
Hard, high gloss one-part
polyurethane finish
■
Substrates
■
■
300
Practical coverage (ft2/gallon)
Number of coats
■
Ultimate performance, two-part
polyurethane finish
Before
You Start
■
For racing, sailing and
power boats
■
Key attributes
Bilgekote®
WOOD
STEEL
ALUMINUM
BRUSH
ROLLER
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
SPRAY
Further information on Flattening Agents for one and two-part
finishes and Intergrip No Skid Compound and their uses can
be found on the product label or on the technical data sheets,
which are available at yachtpaint.com
Mauritius Blue / Flag Blue
Blue 212
Oxford Blue / Dark Blue
Blue 213
Sapphire Blue /
Lauderdale Blue
Blue 214
Largo Blue / Ocean Blue
The Echo
Program
■
Key attributes
VC®17m Extra
Interdeck
Brightside®
Green 311 Sea Green /
Jade Mist Green
Red 411
Rochelle Red
Color
Card
VC® Offshore
Perfection®
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
High Performance
Antifouling
Use this guide to our topside products to
help you choose the perfect product for
your project.
Topsides
Topsides
Use this guide to our antifouling
products to help you choose the
perfect product for your project.
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Antifoulings
Quick Reference
Guide
Boat Paint Guide
09
Quick Reference Guide
■
■
■
Exceptional deep gloss and color
are retained over the lifetime of
the coating
Superior gloss lasts four times
longer than conventional one-part
varnishes
■
Professional-quality results made easy
■
2:1 mix ratio: Easy to measure
and mix
* Based on the results of our trials.
Thinners
■
Sand between every other coat
■
■
■
Traditional amber color
Designed for the experienced
varnish enthusiast or professional
333
2333N
Coverage (ft2/gallon)
216
■
Premium quality,
traditional tung oil varnish
■
Rich golden color and
deep gloss
Excellent UV protection
Good flow-out and self-leveling
characteristics for easier
application
Suitable for interiors, exteriors
and over existing varnish
333
■
■
■
High durability, high gloss
polyurethane varnish
A bright, clear, high gloss finish
lets the natural color of the
wood show through
Contains a unique combination
of UV additives, HALS, surface
stabilizers and antioxidants for
long-term gloss and clarity
216
333
■
■
A satin finish polyurethane
varnish for interior use
Resistant to hot water, mild
acids, alcohol and alkalis
Fast-dry formulation minimizes
dust contamination
216
333
216
489
526
500
600
421
2-5
2-6
3-6
3-6
3-6
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
Number of coats
Will vary depending on usage.
Please check product label/data sheet.
Suitable for use direct to
oily wood (e.g. teak or iroko)
Application method
Additives
UV protection/gloss retention
For interior use only
Flattening
Agent YZM914
For a satin finish add:
Original
■
■
■
■
10
Thinners
333
Traditional, general purpose gloss varnish
Good flow, flexibility and gloss retention
High clarity finish for light color woods
Interior, exterior and over existing varnish
BRUSH
ROLLER
Flattening
Agent YMA715
216
SPRAY
GOOD
‘
Flattening
Agent YMA715
Coverage
476ft2/gallon
Jet Speed
Number of coats
4-6
■
UV protection
OUTSTANDING
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
■
■
Fast dry varnish for quick overcoating
Use whenever speed of dry is
important
Not recommended as an exterior finish
Flattening
Agent YMA715
Before
You Start
■
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
■
Chemical cure for the hardest
finish & highest abrasion resistance
Advanced UV technology in our
longest-lasting one-part varnish
Goldspar® Satin
Antifouling
■
■
Ultimate performance, clear,
two-part polyurethane varnish
Compass Clear
Schooner®
Topsides
■
Key attributes
Schooner® Gold
–
Thinners
333
216
Coverage
500ft2/gallon
Number of coats
Interior: 4-6 / Exterior: 2-3*
The Echo
Program
Perfection® Plus
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Gloss retention
outperforms other
leading 1-part
varnishes *
Use this guide to our varnish products to
help you choose the perfect product for
your project.
* Finish with varnish that has UV filters
UV protection
–
For a no-skid finish, use Intergrip No Skid Compound with your chosen varnish.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
Color
Card
Varnishes
Quick Reference
Guide
Boat Paint Guide
11
Quick Reference Guide
NEW
■
■
■
■
Typically used
■
For prevention and repair
of gelcoat blistering
Excellent for use on underwater
metals, hulls and keels
Easy to apply – dries quickly –
no sanding
Use as part of a no sand system
Excellent anti-corrosive
protection above & below
the waterline
■
■
■
■
A high solids epoxy barrier coating
that protects hulls from water
absorption and osmotic blistering
Apply a full barrier coat in
1-3 coats
Contains Micro-Plates to increase
protection from water absorption
VOC compliant
Protects metals from rust
and oxidation
Universal primer for above
and below the waterline
Universal primer for above
and below the waterline
■
■
■
Primocon® Aerosol
Conventional one-part primer for
use below water
Quick drying, with anticorrosive
properties
Can be used under all major
antifoulings* or as a conversion
coat over incompatible or
unknown antifoulings
2333N
2316N
2333N
Below water, under antifoulings
or to seal unknown antifoulings
2316N
■
A non bleeding, anticorrosive
primer for use on outdrives and
outboards, prior to application of
Trilux® 33®, Trilux® 33® Aerosol,
Pacifica® Plus or Micron® CF
■
■
Eliminates the need to sand
fiberglass prior to applying
antifouling paint
Used on epoxy primers to improve
the adhesion of antifouling paint
Reduces galvanic corrosion
on metal surfaces
* Over suitable primer
Do not use with VC-17M Extra,
VC Offshore or Baltoplate.
Thinners
■
Fiberglass No Sand Primer
433
216
Below water, under Trilux® 33®,
Trilux® 33® Aerosol, Pacifica® Plus
or Micron® CF
Below water, under antifoulings
–
Do not thin
Practical coverage (ft2/gallon)
240
151
300
22 sq.ft per can
535
Number of coats
1-5
1-3
2-3
2
1
Substrates
All metals
Antifouling
■
Key attributes
Primocon®
InterProtect® HS
Topsides
InterProtect® 2000E
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Use this guide to our primers and
undercoats to help you choose the
perfect product for your project.
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
Primers
Before
You Start
Quick Reference
Guide
Boat Paint Guide
Suitable for above waterline
✓
✓
✗
✗
✓
Suitable for below waterline
✓
✓
✓
✓
✓
The Echo
Program
Application method
Interested in the relative environmental impact* of your chosen product?
For more information go to echoprogram.com
FRP
12
WOOD
STEEL
ALUMINUM
LEAD
BRUSH
ROLLER
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
SPRAY
For comprehensive application and scheme information, always read the technical data sheet before you start.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
Color
Card
* When compared to the largest selling product in OUR range.
GALV.
STEEL
13
Quick Reference Guide
Undercoats
Why do I need a Thinner?
Use this guide to our undercoats
to help you choose the perfect
product for your project.
Thinners are solvents which are usually the same, or very similar, to those used within the product they are
recommended with. Thinners can be used as an additive to ease application, or to clean brushes and equipment.
To find out which thinner you need to use refer to the chart below:
Typically used
Thinners
Above the waterline under
Interlux two-part finishes and
in some underwater systems
2333N
2316N
■
450
Before
You Start
Product
Above the waterline under
Interlux one-part finishes
Do not use under two-part
products
333
216
Epoxy Primekote must
be thinned prior to use
Practical coverage (ft2/gallon)
216
1-2
1-2
14
✓
✓
✓
✗
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
2333N
% Thinner required
Brush
Spray
Spray
Perfection
Perfection Plus
2333N
2316N
As required
5-10%
As required
25-35% max.
Brightside
Yacht Enamel
Varnishes
333
216
As required
10% max.
10-15%
Pre-Kote
333
216
As required
10% max.
10-15%
Bottom Paints
(Conventional)
216
216
10%
1st coat wood only
As required
10% max.
Micron® 66®, Micron® Extra
Micron® CSC, Micron® CF
ACT
433
216
As required
10% max.
As required
20-30% max.
Trilux® 33®
Pacifica® Plus
216
216
10%
1st coat wood only
As required
10% max.
VC®17m Extra
216
216
10-15% max.
10-15% max.
216
10%
1st coat wood only
As required
10% max.
216
InterProtect® 2000E
2333N
2316N
5-10%
10-15%
Epoxy Primekote
2333N
2316N
25-30%
25-30%
VC® Performance Epoxy
2333N
2316N
5-10%
5-10%
433
216
10-15%
10-15%
Primocon
Application method
Suitable for below waterline
2316N
420
Substrates
Suitable for above waterline
433
Brush
VC® Offshore
Number of coats
333
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V is a low VOC contamination/mold release agent remover used
for preparing fiberglass bottoms of new boats or unpainted hulls before applying primers or
antifouling paints. Removing contaminants from fiberglass is extremely important if full adhesive
qualities of primers and/or antifouling paint are to be realized. It can also be used for the removal of amine blush
from clear epoxy and cleaning previously painted surfaces prior to sanding before repainting topside finishes.
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V is ideal for preparing inflatable boats for a compatible antifouling system.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
■
■
Undercoat for one-part
finishes
Contains Microspheres
for superior build and
hide, while improving
flow and sandability
Long-lasting, easy to
apply and rub down
Antifouling
■
■
Topsides
■
A multi-purpose epoxy primer
for use with two-part finishes
Use as part of a system
to resurface cracked and
crazed gelcoat
Eliminates the effects of
amine blush of clear epoxies
Bright white color makes it
ideal for priming bilge and
locker areas
Blister Repair
and Prevention
■
The Echo
Program
Key attributes
Pre-Kote
Color
Card
Epoxy Primekote®
Quick Reference
Guide
Boat Paint Guide
15
Before You Start
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Health & safety
How to prepare bare substrates
■
■
Personal health
Avoid ingestion
Food and drink should not be prepared or consumed
in areas where paint is stored or used. In cases of
accidental paint ingestion seek immediate medical
attention. Keep the patient at rest, do NOT
induce vomiting.
Avoid inhalation
Breathing solvent fumes can make you dizzy
and could result in collapse.
The inhalation of solvent vapor from paint or
sanding dust, can be reduced with adequate
ventilation or extraction but may not be sufficient,
suitable respiratory protection should always be
used. In badly ventilated areas wear an air-fed
hood or cartridge respirator with an organic vapor
filter. Wear a cartridge type respirator when
abrading old antifoulings – never burn off or
dry-sand antifoulings as this may create harmful
fumes or dust. Spray painting creates additional
health hazards and respiratory protection should
always be used. Air-fed hoods provide the best
protection but read the label carefully and ensure
recommended protection is worn.
■
Do not smoke
Store paint in a well-ventilated, dry place
away from sources of heat and direct sunlight
Keep the tin tightly closed
Avoid sparks from metals, electrical appliances being
switched on and off, or faulty electrical connections
Do not leave paint soaked rags lying around,
in the pockets of overalls or in waste bins. Some
types of paint can dry out and auto-ignite.
Avoid eye contact
Eye protection should be used during paint
application and when there is any risk of paint
splashing on the face. Safety glasses that comply
with ANSIZ871-1989 Standard are inexpensive, easily
available and are well worth wearing. If material does
contaminate the eye, flush the eye with clean fresh
water for at least 15 minutes, holding the eyelids
apart, and seek medical attention.
Avoid skin contact
To avoid skin irritation always wear protective
gloves and clothing to cover the body and a barrier
type skin cream to cover the face. Do NOT use
petroleum jelly as this can help the absorption of
paint into the body. Remove rings and watches that
can trap paint particles next to the skin. Remove
paint that does get on skin with warm water and
soap or an approved skin cleanser. Never use
solvent to clean the skin.
■
■
■
For Material Safety Data Sheets go to
www.yachtpaint.com
For medical emergency, spill, leak, exposure
or accident, call toll free – day or night –
CHEMTREC 1-800-424-9300.
Medical Advisory Number: Contact your local
poison control center or call 1-800-854-6813.
Steel/Cast Iron/Lead
Bare Wood/Plywood
Sand smooth with 80-180 grit paper and then
280 grit paper. Remove sanding dust by brushing
or dusting. Wipe down thoroughly with solvent and
allow to dry completely, to ensure any residual
sanding dust is removed, before applying products
recommended for application direct to wood
(see paint systems guides).
Degrease with Fiberglass Solvent Wash 202.
Thoroughly grit blast, or sand with a 36 grit abrasive
disc to a uniform, clean bright metal surface.
Remove abrasion residue by brushing, vacuuming
or blowing down with a clean air compressor line.
Immediately prime with Interlux InterProtect 2000E/
2001E thinned 15-20% with recommended
solvents. Refer to the paint systems guides on
Pages 38-43 for more information.
Oily woods e.g. teak
Ensure that the surface is thoroughly degreased
using a recommended solvent to ensure all oils
are removed. Sand smooth with 80-180 grit paper
and then 280 grit paper. Remove sanding dust
by wiping with solvent, to ensure any residual
dust is removed. Ensure the surface is completely
dry before applying products recommended for
application direct to wood (see paint systems
guides).
Stainless Steel/Bronze
Degrease with Fiberglass Solvent Wash 202. Lightly
grit blast or sand with 60-80 grit sandpaper to bring
the metal to a uniform, shiny appearance. Remove
abrasion residue by brushing, vacuuming or blowing
down with a clean air compressor line. Immediately
prime with InterProtect 2000E/2001E thinned
15-20% with recommended solvents. Refer to the
paint systems guides on Pages 38-43 for more
information.
Aluminum
Degrease with Fiberglass Solvent Wash 202. Sand
well using 60-80 grit (aluminum compatible) paper.
Interstrip 299E Paint Remover:
Interstrip 299E paint remover utilizes a new technology that delivers an effective paint
remover system that does not require methylene chloride, a suspected human carcinogen.
Interstrip 299E is safe for fiberglass surfaces and has a low odor. Interstrip 299E
formulation incorporates special sealing agents that allow the stripper to stay wet longer,
thereby lengthening working time. Interstrip 299E can be used to remove antifouling paint,
varnishes, and topside paints.
For further information on Personal Protective Equipment, visit yachtpaint.com
16
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
■
Antifouling
■
Avoid naked flames where paint is being stored,
opened or applied
Remove abrasion residue by brushing, vacuuming
or with a clean air compressor line. Immediately
prime with InterProtect 2000E/2001E thinned
15-20% with recommended solvents. Refer to
the paint systems guides on Pages 38-43 for
more information.
Topsides
■
Fiberglass
Dewax with Interlux Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V.
Sand well (using 80-220 grit below water/180-220
grit above water) sandpaper. Clean thoroughly and
allow to dry completely. Prime using an Interlux
primer following the product recommendations
provided in the paint systems guide on
Pages 38-47.
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Most paints contain organic solvents – some of which
evaporate into the air upon opening the container.
Any dangers can be reduced if a few simple
precautions are taken:
All surfaces should be thoroughly degreased and free from any sanding debris prior to the application of
any paint to the surface.
The Echo
Program
Risk of fire or explosion
Color
Card
Health and safety precautions for paint products
are a legal requirement and form a specific
section on our labels and is often difficult to
understand. This section is intended to help you
understand the information in our literature and
on our product label to make applying paint a
safer job. Before starting work always read the
label which will indicate those areas where
particular care should be taken. Other general
safety precautions are detailed below and will
help should any problem occur while using
our paints.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
17
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Boat Paint Guide
Always check the weather!
■
■
■
■
18
Dew point is important when applying paint to
a surface, as the evaporation of the solvent from
the paint draws heat and/or energy from that
surface, cooling it down. If conditions are right
condensation may form on the surface of the
paint resulting in various problems.
Relative humidity is important as air can only
hold so much water or solvent vapor at any one
time. So, as the relative humidity increases, the
level of solvent vapor the air can hold reduces,
meaning paint will effectively dry more slowly.
■
■
Air and substrate temperature will affect the
drying properties of any paint. Failing to observe
the recommended drying times can result in
coating failure, including improper drying,
wrinkling and loss of adhesion.
Always avoid extreme air or temperature
conditions; Interlux products are tested across
a range of temperatures, to ascertain the drying
times and application characteristics of each
product. Drying time recommendations are
provided on our products labels; further
information relating to weather considerations
can be found on our product data sheets,
available on our web site.
Low temperatures will increase drying times;
always check the ‘through-dry’ of each interim
coat, before sanding or overcoating.
Sanding too early can cause the paint to
wrinkle under the sand paper, in some cases
even tearing or gouging into the paint film
making refurbishment difficult. Sanding before
the paint film is ‘through-dry’ can also clog the
sand paper, meaning more sheets are needed
to complete the task.
■
Overcoating too early can cause wrinkling,
blistering and loss of gloss in the finished
paint job.
High temperatures will reduce drying times,
but can make application more difficult, as
product flow and leveling can be compromised –
particularly when applying finishes or varnishes.
Where appropriate, thinning recommendations
to help with higher temperature application are
provided on labels and data sheet.
■
When applying two-part products in higher
temperatures the pot life of the product will also
be affected, reducing your work time window.
■
Do not paint in direct sunlight, or when the
substrate itself is excessively warm, as the
residual heat of the substrate can adversely
affect the application and drying properties of
any paint product; this can result in poor flow
and leveling, rapid drying, cracking and loss of
gloss. Surface temperature can be measured
using a surface thermometer.
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Dry, well ventilated conditions are preferable
when applying finishes or varnishes. While gentle
air movement will assist the drying process,
a dust-free environment is critical to achieving
a good quality gloss finish; always avoid painting
in windy conditions.
Choosing a faster drying product or system,
where available, will help to minimize the window
for dust contamination.
■
■
■
The effects of dust contamination may be further
reduced by sanding lightly between each coat,
removing residual dust by wiping down with a
suitable solvent and allowing to dry before
applying the next coat. This will also help
improve the initial aesthetics.
Avoid applying two-part finishes or varnishes
late in the afternoon or when relative humidity
exceeds 80% as these products are particularly
sensitive to moisture. Condensation during
application or due to overnight ambient
temperature changes can affect the chemical
cure of these products resulting in loss of gloss.
When painting or
varnishing wood
avoid applying if the
ambient temperature
is increasing (or
predicted to increase)
significantly.
■
■
■
When curing in high humidity conditions,
particularly at lower temperatures, epoxies can
develop an ‘amine blush’ on the surface. This
slightly sticky substance must be removed and
can normally be washed off with soap and water.
If the blush is not removed it can lead to the
delamination of subsequent coats. Failure to
remove the blush will also make sanding more
difficult.
High humidity conditions can reduce the amount
of solvent evaporation during the drying/curing
stages; with epoxies this can lead to a ‘soft
cure’. As epoxy-based materials are generally
applied at a higher film thickness, solvent can
remain trapped in the film for many days leading
to slow or poor final cure.
Although epoxies generally cure well in most
conditions, when the temperature falls to
45°F or below, curing can slow or even stop.
Remember to check both day and overnight
temperatures whether working outdoors or in
a shed.
Epoxy products usually respond well to a little
heat; on cold days introducing a safe form of
heating into the application area is well worth
considering.
Blistering
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
■
■
Antifouling
General Guidance Notes:
Key points to note when applying
finishes and varnishes:
Key points to note when applying
epoxies (e.g. Watertite, InterProtect®,
Epoxy Primekote)
Topsides
Mike Kent
Technical Sales Representative
Blister Repair
and Prevention
You may find the following hints and tips helpful when planning your project –
further, product-specific guidelines can be found on individual product labels
and data sheets.
This is because rising temperatures cause wood
to expand, which can lead to blisters forming in
the paint or varnish film. A good tip is to apply
when the temperature is falling, as the wood will
better absorb the paint or varnish, giving better
overall results.
The Echo
Program
Remember that surfaces heat up and cool down at
a different rate to the surrounding air temperature,
meaning even though the ambient temperature
might seem warm, the temperature of the surface
being worked on may still be quite cold. Very often
one side of a boat will be in the shade and the
other in bright sunlight meaning the application
conditions will differ. Additionally, in the morning
the surface temperature of the sunny side will
generally be lower than the ambient temperature,
whereas in the afternoon it may be higher.
Color
Card
When painting outside, always check what weather conditions are anticipated
during the preparation, application and drying phases of any project. Should fair
weather prevail, whether or not to commence painting will then depend on the
air and surface temperatures, humidity and dew point.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
19
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Boat Paint Guide
Making small repairs to fiberglass surfaces
“Working with epoxy fillers?”
Preparation and Priming
Remove any loose filler or gelcoat and abrade
edges to remove loose material. Remove all debris
and prime with InterProtect® 2000E or Epoxy
Primekote, according to system recommendations
provided elsewhere in this guide. Apply Watertite
or Interfill® after the first coat of primer.
■
See Page 32 for sandpaper guidelines.
Epoxies must be mixed in the proper ratio.
Too much curing agent and they will leave a
sticky film on the surface that is not suitable for
overcoating. Too little curing agent will weaken
the filler and cause it to crumble later on.
Below the waterline, epoxy fillers must be
used. Polyester fillers should not be used as
they have a greater propensity to absorb
water.
Removing aged finishes or varnishes
See Pages 46-47 for information on
osmosis treatment and prevention.
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
Scott Trimble
Technical Sales Representative
4
2
Inspection
Inspect for damage.
Small repairs can be
tackled easily, but any
damage affecting a
large area, or affecting
the structure or hull
integrity, should
be referred to a
professional for proper assessment.
20
When preparing a surface previously painted with a finish or varnish scheme it
may be necessary to remove the aged product, back to bare substrate. This will be
required if the existing coating is in poor condition or if you’re intending to apply a
two-part product onto a surface previously painted with a one-part finish or varnish.
Applying the filler
Mask off the damaged area and apply Watertite
using a palette knife or spatula. Allow to cure,
following the recommendations provided on the
product label.
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
1
Health and Safety
Before commencing work ensure the area you are
working in is adequately ventilated. Ensure you are
wearing the correct PPE; we recommend safety
spectacles, goggles or visors, nitrile rubber gloves,
overalls (ensuring skin is not exposed) and a
dust mask. Please consult Page 16 or visit
yachtpaint.com for more information.
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
2
Inspection
Remove any sections
of the aged finish or
varnish that are
already loose, flaking
or detached using a
scraper – rounding the
ends of the scraper
before commencing
will avoid gouging the surface, resulting in
unnecessary repairs.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
Before commencing work ensure the area you are
working in is adequately ventilated. Ensure you are
wearing the correct PPE; we recommend safety
spectacles, goggles or visors, nitrile rubber gloves,
overalls (ensuring skin is not exposed) and a
dust mask. Please consult Page 16 or visit
yachtpaint.com for more information.
3
Antifouling
Health and Safety
Topsides
■
1
Two-part epoxy fillers are the most widely
used fillers in the yachting industry. They are
invariably solvent free. A benefit of being
solvent free is that they do not attack the
underlying primer.
Blister Repair
and Prevention
■
The Echo
Program
Stuart Jordan
Specialist in Epoxies/Fillers Development
Once cured, sand with 80-220 grit paper. The
finished repair should be smooth and level with the
surface. If required a second layer of filler may be
applied, repeating the same process. The repaired
area can then be primed, ready for painting.
Color
Card
When working with fillers it’s important to remember that epoxy fillers are
recommended for both above and below the water areas; polyester fillers are
suitable for use above the water only. Interlux Watertite is a two-part epoxy filler,
suited to most DIY repairs above and below water.
21
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
After removing the old finish clean the surface
using Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V,
Fiberglass Solvent Wash 202 or Special Thinner 216.
Follow instructions on the product label.
Preparation
Prepare according to
substrate, following
bare substrate
preparation guidelines.
See Page 17 for bare substrate
preparation guidelines.
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
2
Preparation
High pressure fresh water wash, to remove loose
antifouling; ensuring all residue and wash water
is contained and disposed of, according to local
legislation. Mask off areas to be stripped.
“Hints to help you achieve
a perfect finish.”
■
4
Removing aged finish
Abrade using 60-120
grit paper, removing as
much of the paint or
varnish as possible.
Removing old antifouling
Remove while still soft
with a blunt scraper.
Interstrip 299E can
remove several coats
at a time, but heavy
build up may require
more than one
application. Residue
should be disposed of according to local
regulations. Reapply fresh antifouling after sanding
and priming the hull.
See Page 32 for antifouling application advice.
We do not recommend using a chemical paint
stripper when working with fibreglass, unless
the product has been specifically approved for
this purpose. Non-approved paint strippers
can damage the substrate.
When working with wood, always work in the
direction of the grain, whether sanding or
applying varnish. This will avoid scratches
that can still show through, even after many
coats of paint or varnish.
3
Applying Interstrip
Apply Interstrip 299E liberally, using an old brush,
following the application guidelines provided on
the product label.
Topsides
■
4
Removing antifouling
Health and Safety
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the area
you are working in is adequately ventilated. Ensure
you are wearing the correct PPE; we recommend
safety spectacles, goggles or visors, nitrile rubber
gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is not exposed) and a
solvent mask or a respirator (if working on larger
areas or in confined spaces). Please consult Page 16
or visit yachtpaint.com for more information.
22
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Leave on the surface.
The product needs
time to work; the time
needed will vary
depending on the
temperature and the
amount of old
antifouling on the hull.
For best results, work on a small area at a time –
do not allow the product to dry out. See product
label for more information.
“Is your existing antifouling
in good condition?”
If your existing antifouling is in good condition,
it may not need removing and can simply be
overcoated, following a high pressure fresh
water wash. Always ensure you check for
compatibility before applying new antifouling;
incompatible or unknown antifouling should be
sealed with Primocon. See Page 36 for more
information on antifouling compatibility.
Color
Card
Joe Purtell
Technical Sales Representative
Blister Repair
and Prevention
If your existing antifouling is in poor condition, we recommend removing it completely
before repainting. Interstrip 299E has been formulated for removing antifouling from
all substrates and is safe to use on fiberglass without harming the gelcoat.
1
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
5
Antifouling
Cleaning
The Echo
Program
3
Boat Paint Guide
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
23
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Boat Paint Guide
Applying finishes
Preparation
In good condition
Remove surface contamination by wiping
down with Interlux® Special Thinner 216 or
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V. Once the surface
is clean abrade with 220-320-grit sandpaper.
Remove the sanding residue and allow to dry.
Sand the undercoat smooth with 320-400 grit paper
and remove dust with a wipe or tack rag.
Apply the finish, according to label recommendations.
“Achieve a perfect result
every time!”
■
Due to the porous nature of aged gelcoats, the
risk of moisture or solvent entrapment – leading
to blisters – is increased; applying Interprotect
followed by Epoxy Primekote can reduce this risk
and seal the gelcoat, prior to applying the finish.
■
In poor condition
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
For health and safety reasons, two-part
polyurethane products should only be spray
applied by a professional applicator.
Previously painted surfaces:
2
Inspection
See Page 21 for advice on removing
existing finishes.
4
Masking
Before priming/
undercoating, mask off
the area to be painted.
6
Undercoating
Primed or previously
painted surfaces
should be undercoated.
An undercoat will
provide additional
depth of colour and
improve the durability
and film build of the
overall paint system. Interlux offers two undercoats
for use with its finishes range.
See Pages 42-43 for undercoat
recommendations.
Mixing the second coat of undercoat 50:50 with
the topcoat will produce a satin effect, which will
highlight any imperfections (to be sanded smooth)
as well as improving the gloss and depth of colour
of the finish.
■
■
■
■
■
■
The best finish is achieved on large areas by
two people, one to apply the paint, the other
following immediately behind to ‘tip off’ the
finish.
Clean or change brushes every 20 minutes or
so. Always use lint-free cleaning cloths.
Stir the can occasionally during the work.
Dampen the ground with water before
commencing painting to avoid any dust rising.
Use a worn brush for the final coat, this will
ensure less brush marks.
Painting is best achieved on warm, dry
mornings – cold weather retards drying and
damp will spoil the gloss.
Never apply direct from the can as this will
introduce contamination.
Always pour the amount
of paint that you expect
to use into a separate
container.
Jay Smida
Technical Sales
Representative
Color
Card
Check for areas of
damage, separation
or peeling, or any other
indications that the
existing coating is not
firmly adhered to the
substrate.
If previous finish is cracking, peeling or showing
signs of separation from the substrate this should
be totally removed.
■
Ensure an even spread by holding the brush
at 45° – this minimises brush marks.
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the
area you are working in is adequately ventilated.
Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE; we
recommend safety spectacles, goggles or visors,
nitrile rubber gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is not
exposed) and a solvent mask. Please consult Page
16 or visit yachtpaint.com for more information.
3
Application
Antifouling
Health and Safety
Priming
Bare substrates should be primed to promote good
adhesion and provide a smooth even surface, prior
to undercoating. Your choice of primer will be
dictated by the substrate; product recommendations
are provided on labels and data sheets. Remember
to pay particular attention to drying times and
overcoating intervals.
7
Topsides
1
5
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Neil Nicolson
Specialist in Finishes Development
Bare substrate:
The Echo
Program
Before starting any painting project consider the 3 most critical questions:
1) What preparation is necessary 2) Is the paint system compatible with the
substrate, and 3) What repair and upkeep is needed. Page 42 of this guide will
provide this information and help you choose the best product for your project.
24
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
25
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Boat Paint Guide
Painting your bilge
Preparation
In good condition
Priming
Bare substrates should be primed to promote good
adhesion and provide a smooth even surface, prior
to applying Bilgekote. Your choice of primer will be
dictated by the substrate; product recommendations
are provided on labels and data sheets. Remember
to pay particular attention to drying times and
overcoating intervals.
Remove surface contamination by wiping
down with Interlux® Special Thinner 216 or
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V. Once the surface
is clean abrade with 220-320 grit sandpaper.
Remove the sanding residue and allow to dry.
Apply 1-2 coats of
Bilgekote.
Pay particular attention if the substrate is the
reverse side of moulded GRP – this does not
need to be primed.
In poor condition
Previously painted surfaces:
2
If previous finish is cracking, peeling or showing
signs of separation from the substrate this should
be totally removed.
A deck demands a tough coating to protect it from everyday wear and tear.
Where a non-skid surface is required Interlux offers 3 alternative solutions.
See Page 21 for advice on removing
existing finishes.
Inspection
Check for areas of
damage, separation or
peeling, or any other
indications that the
existing coating is not
firmly adhered to the
substrate.
26
Preparing a non-slip deck
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Travis Johnson
Regional Sales Manager
1
Health and Safety
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the
area you are working in is adequately ventilated.
Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE; we
recommend safety spectacles, goggles or visors,
nitrile rubber gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is not
exposed) and a solvent mask. Please consult Page
16 or visit yachtpaint.com for more information.
The Echo
Program
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
For added protection against moisture absorption
and osmosis in bilge areas, use Interprotect 2000E
– prior to applying Bilgekote – always follow the
label instructions.
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the
area you are working in is adequately ventilated.
Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE; we
recommend safety spectacles, goggles or visors,
nitrile rubber gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is
not exposed) and a solvent mask or a respirator
(if working in confined spaces). Please consult Page
16 or visit yachtpaint.com for more information.
3
Application
Antifouling
Health and Safety
5
Sand the undercoat smooth with 180-280 grit paper
and remove dust with a wipe or tack rag.
Topsides
1
4
Blister Repair
and Prevention
George Dunigan
Technical Sales Representative
Bare substrate:
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
Color
Card
A freshly painted bilge is much easier to wipe down and keep clean, reducing the
risk of odors that may result from unwanted residue. A clean bilge will also make
it easier to find small parts or fastenings, which may have been dropped while
working on your engine or other equipment.
27
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Preparation
4
Application
Sand the primer (if used) with 180-220 grit wet or
dry paper. Remove dust with a dust wipe or tack
rag, according to label recommendations.
Masking
Before priming/
undercoating, mask off
the area to be painted.
Using non-skid additive
(broadcast method):
In good condition
Mix Interdeck thoroughly; apply 1-2 coats. For best
results either stipple by brush or use a mohair roller.
Bare fiberglass
Begin by scrubbing well using soap and water and
a stiff brush. Rinse with fresh water and allow to
dry. Wipe a small area with a clean rag that has
been wetted with Fiberglass Solvent Wash 202.
While the surface is still wet, wipe with a clean, dry
rag. Continue this process until the entire surface
has been cleaned. Sand using 180-220 grit paper.
Remove sanding residue.
Molded fiberglass
Working in small areas at a time, scrub the area
using Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V and coarse
bronze wool or maroon Scotch-Brite™ pad. Be sure
to scrub in different directions and wipe off the
residue off before it dries. This will remove all
contamination and provide a good anchor pattern to
which the paint can adhere. Rinse with fresh water.
8
Application
Sand primer (if used) with 180-220 grit wet or dry
paper. Apply one coat of Interlux Perfection or
Brightside
Bare substrate:
5
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
3
See Page 21 for advice on removing
existing finishes.
6
Antifouling
Check for areas of
damage, separation or
peeling, or any other
indications that the
existing coating is not
firmly adhered to the
substrate.
If previous finish is cracking, peeling or showing
signs of separation from the substrate this should
be totally removed.
Mix thoroughly. Apply 1-2 coats to deck area, using
a brush or roller. For best results either stipple by
brush or use a mohair roller.
Priming
Your choice of primer will be determined by
the substrate and the choice of deck finish product.
Priming recommendations are provided on labels
and data sheets. Remember to pay particular
attention to drying times and overcoating intervals.
Using non-skid additive
(hand-mixed method):
7
Application
While the paint is still wet, sprinkle Interlux Intergrip
2398c over the surface. Allow to dry thoroughly
following the recommendations provided on the
finish label. Remove excess Intergrip. Apply second
coat of finish.
Sand primer (if used) with 180-220 grit wet or dry
paper. Add 4-6 ounces of Interlux Intergrip 2398c
per quart of Perfection or Brightside.
Topsides
Inspection
Using Interdeck
(ready-mixed formula):
Blister Repair
and Prevention
2
In poor condition
The Echo
Program
Previously painted surfaces:
Boat Paint Guide
Color
Card
Due to the porous nature of aged gelcoats, the
risk of moisture or solvent entrapment – leading
to blisters – is increased; applying Interprotect
followed by Epoxy Primekote can reduce this risk
and seal the gelcoat, prior to applying the finish.
28
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
29
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Boat Paint Guide
Applying varnishes
To achieve a professional result from any varnish project, thorough preparation is
critical. If applying on to a previously varnished surface, the condition of the existing
coating and its compatibility with the new varnish product should be thoroughly
checked before commencing any preparatory or application work.
It is important to ensure all sanding residue is
removed prior to varnishing, as this will impair
adhesion and give a ‘bitty’ finish. Before
commencing any varnish work, decant the
amount of varnish you expect to use into a
separate container, to avoid introducing
contamination into the tin.
Stan Susman
Technical Sales Representative
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the
area you are working in is adequately ventilated.
Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE; we
recommend safety spectacles, goggles or visors,
nitrile rubber gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is not
exposed) and a solvent mask. Please consult Page
16 or visit yachtpaint.com for more information.
brushing or dusting. Wipe down thoroughly with
Special Thinner 216 or Brushing Liquid 333 and
allow to dry completely, to ensure any residual
sanding dust is removed. (Note: Small imperfections
may be spot primed and sanded down prior to full
varnish application.) Continue at Step 6.
5
Priming
Applying varnish with a brush is usually the best
method, although roller application can be effective
on large, flat surfaces.
Brush out, using firm strokes along and then across
the grain, holding the brush at 90º to the surface.
Finally, ‘tip off’ by gently stroking surface with the
brush at a 45º angle, following the grain. The brush
you use should be used only for varnishing.
We recommend that the first coat of varnish applied
is thinned up to 15%-20%. This will promote good
penetration of the surface, and adhesion of
subsequent coats. After the first coat has been
applied, the surface will appear rough. This is a
result of the exposed ends of grain absorbing the
varnish and lifting. Sand smooth with a 220 grit
sandpaper and apply a second coat thinned
10%-15%.
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
Health and Safety
Application
Antifouling
1
6
In poor condition
2
Inspection
Check for areas of
damage, separation or
peeling, or any other
indications that the
existing coating is not
firmly adhered to the
substrate.
3
Preparation
In good condition
Clean with Special Thinner 216. Sand smooth with
280-320 grit sandpaper. Remove sanding dust by
30
Continue at Step 5.
Bare wood:
4
Preparation
Clean with Special Thinner 216. Sand the surface
smooth with 80-180 grit sandpaper to open the
grain of the wood. Remove sanding dust by
brushing or dusting. Wipe down thoroughly with
Special Thinner 216 or Brushing Liquid 333 and
allow to dry completely, to ensure any residual
sanding dust is removed.
See Page 17 for substrate preparation
guidelines.
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Apply 2-3 thinned coats of varnish following label
recommendations.
Alternatively, prime using Clear Wood Sealer Fast
Dry; a clear polyurethane primer with excellent
grain filling properties that will improve overall
scheme durability and aesthetics.
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Previously varnished surfaces:
Always follow the scheme recommendations as
specified on the label; this will indicate the
minimum number of coats required and the
sanding recommendations between coats. This
information will vary depending on the product.
To achieve long-lasting protection, you should
plan to apply up to ten coats (depending on the
system). As the number of coats increases,
sanding between coats with a fine grade paper
will increase the level of gloss and depth
of lustre.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
The Echo
Program
See Page 21 for advice on removing
existing varnishes.
Topsides
If previous varnish is cracking, peeling or showing
signs of separation from the substrate this should
be totally removed.
Color
Card
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
31
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Boat Paint Guide
Applying antifouling
Repair/Priming
Repair damage with Watertite Epoxy Filler where
necessary. Inspect gelcoat for damage and signs
of osmosis – treat accordingly.
Julie Gent
Specialist in Antifoulings Development
1
Health and Safety
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the
area you are working in is adequately ventilated.
Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE; we
recommend safety spectacles, goggles or visors,
nitrile rubber gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is not
exposed) and a solvent mask. Please consult Page
16 or visit yachtpaint.com for more information.
3
Apply an extra coat to leading and trailing edges;
e.g. waterline, trim tabs, outdrives, keels and
rudders. These areas experience more water
turbulence and so more wear on the paint surface.
Preparation
In good condition
Clean using high pressure fresh water wash.
Remove any contamination by wiping down with
Special Thinner 216. Sand any bare areas and
remove sanding residue.
Apply the antifouling at
the correct thickness;
this may mean an
extra coat is needed,
depending on
application methods
and conditions.
Seal incompatible or unknown antifoulings
with Primocon. Bare substrates should be primed,
according to substrate. Product recommendations
are provided on labels and data sheets. Remember
to pay particular attention to drying times and
overcoating intervals.
Follow overcoating times and immersion
times carefully. Failure to do this could result
in detachment, blistering or cracking of the
antifouling. The marine environment is harsh
for paint so it must be allowed to dry thoroughly
before immersion.
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
5
Antifouling
Antifouling can be applied using a brush or roller. Using a small roller is less work
on the arm but takes longer to cover the surface area. If a brush is preferred,
choose a large width brush; the finish will not be as smooth as a topside paint
so the type of brush used is not critical.
2
Completely remove all antifouling paint with
Interlux® Interstrip 299E for fiberglass or wood
and by sandblasting steel surfaces to a
near white metal.
Inspection
See Page 22 for advice on removing
existing antifoulings.
4
Masking
6
Application
Mix paint thoroughly with a stirring stick, ensuring
that any settlement is mixed in. Apply according to
label recommendations, using a brush or roller.
Before priming or
applying antifouling,
mask off the area to be
painted.
Color
Card
Check for areas of
damage, separation or
peeling, or any other
indications that the
existing coating is not
firmly adhered to the
substrate.
See Page 47 for advice on osmosis treatment.
See Page 20 for advice on repairing fiberglass.
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Previously painted surfaces:
In poor condition
The Echo
Program
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
Topsides
See Page 36 to check antifouling compatibility.
32
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
33
‘Step-by-Step’ Project Guides
Boat Paint Guide
Applying antifouling to an
Aluminum Pontoon Boat
Painting outdrives, stern gear,
propellers and keels
When applying antifouling to an aluminum pontoon boat, it is important
that the pontoons be properly prepared, and painted with an aluminum
compatible antiifouling paint.
Outdrives and stern gear are usually constructed from aluminum. Propellers are
usually bronze or aluminum. Keels are typically cast iron or lead. It’s important to
choose an antifouling that is hard, durable and suitable for these high wear areas
and also one that is compatible with the substrate you are painting.
1
Health and Safety
Priming
Apply 1-2 coats of Interprotect 2000E. Always
follow the recommendations given on the
product label.
1
Health and Safety
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the
area you are working in is adequately ventilated.
Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE; we
recommend safety spectacles, goggles or visors,
nitrile rubber gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is not
exposed) and a solvent mask. Please consult Page
16 or visit yachtpaint.com for more information.
3
Priming
Apply a primer recommended for the selected
antifouling and substrate; always follow the
recommendations given on the product label.
Antifouling
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the
area you are working in is adequately ventilated.
Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE; we
recommend safety spectacles, goggles or visors,
nitrile rubber gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is not
exposed) and a solvent mask. Please consult Page
16 or visit yachtpaint.com for more information.
3
Tim Taylor
Technical Sales Representative
‘Step-by-Step’
Project Guides
Don Campbell
Technical Manager, North America
2
Preparation
Apply an aluminum compatible antifouling, such as
Pacifica Plus. Follow label recommendations on film
thickness, overcoating and immersion times.
For complete system information, visit
www.yachtpaint.com or call the Interlux
Technical Service Helpline.
2
Preparation
The key to protecting
your underwater
metals from corrosion
is correct preparation
of the substrate and
choosing the best
priming solution for
your project. Before
commencing any preparation, it is important to
establish the type of metal you are working with.
Once you’ve confirmed your substrate see
Page 17 for substrate preparation information
and follow this advice carefully.
4
Applying antifouling
Apply the selected antifouling, following the label
recommendations on film thickness, overcoating
and immersions times carefully.
Not all antifoulings are suitable for application
to aluminum, so it’s important to check
compatibility when selecting which antifouling
product to use. See Pages 04-07 for
antifouling product information.
Color
Card
Degrease with solvent.
Sand well using
60-120 grit (aluminum
compatible) paper.
Clean thoroughly and
allow to dry. Prime
using an Interlux
primer as soon as
possible (within 8 hours) following the product
recommendations provided in the paint
systems guides.
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Before starting your project, always check
the weather conditions! See Pages 18-19.
Applying antifouling
The Echo
Program
4
Topsides
See Page 41 for primer recommendations.
34
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
35
Antifouling
Boat Paint Guide
Is my new antifouling compatible?
Applying your desired Interlux® antifouling has never been easier. Compatibility is always an issue boaters must worry
about, but there are 3 easy steps to solve this problem:
Micron Extra, Micron CSC
Micron CSC HS, Trilux 33, Awlstar®
Ultima® SR-40/SR-60/SSA
Micron 66
Alumacoat®, Biocop™
Micron CF, Trilux Prop & Drive
ACT, Horizons®, CPP®, Ultima® Eco
Fiberglass Bottomkote NT
Pacifica Plus, Smart Solution™
Super B Ablative 45, Ablative Plus
Ultra, Trilux, Biocop™ TF
Fiberglass Bottomkote
Trinidad SR, Unepoxy™, Sharkskin
Bottomshield, Vivid, The Protector®
Unepoxy Plus, Defense/Defense HC
Superkote Hard 45, Talon
Bottomkote Pro
VC Offshore, Baltoplate
or Vinyl Antifouling Paints
VC17m Extra
Fiberglass Bottomkote Aqua
Hydrocoat®, Aquaguard®, Monterey
Yacht Shield H2O
3. Remove old antifouling. If you would prefer
to remove the old antifouling, we have the easy
solution, Interlux Interstrip 299E paint remover.
It’s compatible with your valuable fiberglass hull.
Interstrip can remove several coats of paint in one
application. After stripping, you are ready to prime
and paint your newly cleaned hull.
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
How much antifouling paint do I need?
Micron® CF
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Determining how much antifouling you will need is fairly simple. Here are two quick guides to help you
purchase the correct amount:
Ultra™
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Fiberglass
Bottomkote® NT
2. Refer to the reference chart below for a quick estimate of how much antifouling paint is required for two coats:
Fiberglass
Bottomkote® Aqua
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Pacifica® Plus
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Trilux® 33®
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Trilux® 33® Aerosol
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
VC®17m Extra
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
VC® Offshore
Baltoplate
Bottomkote® Pro
● Heavy sand & apply
Sail
20
25
30
35
40
●
Standard range (quarts)
4.0
5.0
7.0
9.5
12.0
3.0
4.0
5.5
7.0
9.5
●
●
VC17m/VC17m Extra (quarts)
3.0
4.0
5.5
7.5
9.5
2.5
3.0
4.5
5.5
7.5
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
See Removing antifouling on Page 24.
● Lightly sand & apply
Power
Waterline length (feet)
● Thoroughly sand & prime*
● Clean & apply**
* Prime with Primocon YPA984. When overcoating TBT based antifoulings prime with TBT Sealer YPA987.
** Power wash and scrub with a coarse Scotch-Brite™ pad. Old antifouling must be well adhered.
Interstrip 299E: A paint stripper specially formulated for removing old or unknown antifoulings
without damaging the underlying substrate (including gelcoat).
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Abbreviations
LOA
=
Length Overall
LWL
=
Length Waterline
B
=
Beam
D
=
Draft
F
=
Freeboard
20
25
30
35
40
Top Tips
■
■
Topsides
ACT
1. Calculate the area needing paint. For a rough estimate of the area to be painted, multiply the length of your hull
(LOA) by the beam and multiply by 0.85 (LOA x B x 0.85 = Area). Then divide the area by the coverage of the
paint you’ve chosen to determine how many quarts per coat you will need, or
Antifouling
Micron® CSC HS
Apply an extra coat to all leading and trailing edges,
water-line, trim-tabs, outdrives, keel and rudder.
High turbulence in these areas tends to wear the
antifouling faster.
Always use the specified amount of antifouling.
Under-application can result in premature fouling
and costly mid-season haul out.
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Micron® CSC
Important: Now that you’ve stripped your
hull, it is important to inspect for any gelcoat
damage before repainting. Also, consider applying
the InterProtect® System to give your hull a barrier
coat to protect from gelcoat blistering.
The Echo
Program
Micron® Extra
2. Use Primocon YPA984 as a tie-coat primer.
If you do not know what the old antifouling is on
your boat, thoroughly sand with 80 grit sandpaper,
wipe clean, and then prime with Primocon YPA984
primer. Then, simply overcoat with the Interlux
antifouling of your choice. (Not compatible with
VC® Offshore, Baltoplate, VC®17m, or
VC®17m Extra.)
For more information see the Antifouling quick reference guide on Page 04.
Color
Card
Micron® 66®
● Remove all paint
36
1. Check for compatibility with old antifouling.
If you know what antifouling is currently on your
boat, you can quickly determine whether your
Interlux paint choice is compatible.
●
New Antifouling
Old Antifouling
Scotch-Brite™ is a trademark of 3M™. CPP® and Bottomshield refer to products sold by West Marine®.
Alumacoat®, Horizons®, Hydrocoat®, Monterey, Sharkskin, The Protector®, Trinidad® SR, Ultima® SR-40/SR-60/SSA, Ultima® Eco, Unepoxy™, Unepoxy™ Plus and Vivid refer to products sold by Kop-Coat, Inc.
Biocop™ and Smart Solution™ and Talon refer to products sold by New Nautical Coatings. Aquagard® refers to a product sold by Flexdel.
Awlstar® refers to a product sold by Awlgrip®. Woolsey Ablative Plus, Defense/Defense HC and Yacht Shield H2O refer to products sold by Woolsey.
Super B Ablative 45 and Superkote Hard 45 refer to products sold by MarPro.
Once you’ve identified the Interlux antifouling that’s most suitable, if you have an existing coating on
your hull you will need to establish the compatibility of the two products. Use this simple table to check
compatibility between Interlux® antifoulings and also with competitor products.
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
37
Antifouling
Boat Paint Guide
Below water schemes: two-part products
Below water schemes: one-part products
These systems provide the maximum level of protection against corrosion and osmosis.
These schemes provide a good level of protection.
Fiberglass: Barrier protection
Aluminum
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Antifouling
(3 coats)
Interlux Antifouling*
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Primer
(5 coats)
Primocon
(Thin first coat 10-15%
with appropriate thinner)
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Pacifica Plus or Micron® CF
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Pacifica Plus/Trilux® 33®/
Micron® CF
®
Aluminum
Iron/Steel
*If necessary, fill seams with Seam Compound 30
between first and second coat of antifouling
Iron/Steel
Lead
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
Primer
(1-4 coats)
InterProtect® 2000E
Primer
(5 coats)
InterProtect® 2000E
Primer
(5 coats)
Primocon
Primer
(4 coats)
Primocon
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
(Depending on which antifouling is used)
Lead
Filler
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
If required for small areas, Watertite Filler
should be applied after the first coat of
InterProtect® 2000E.
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
Primer
(5 coats)
InterProtect® 2000E
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
38
See substrate preparation on Page 17.
Important: If you own an aluminium boat,
only apply antifouling paints specifically
recommended for aluminium to prevent
corrosion. Never apply products containing
Cuprous Oxide to aluminum.
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
“For Technical Service, please ask the experts!”
We will help you throughout your project, with tips on preparation, application and maintenance.
Please feel free to contact us, via one of the following methods:
Phone: 1 800 468-7589
Email: [email protected]
Web:
www.yachtpaint.com
www.yachtpaintforum.com
Johnny Tolbert and Kenneth Wickey
Technical Service Representatives
Color
Card
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Pacifica Plus/Trilux® 33®/
Micron® CF
®
Antifouling
®
Topsides
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Primer
(5 coats)
InterProtect® 2000E
Wood
The Echo
Program
Aluminum: Pontoon system
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
39
Antifouling
Boat Paint Guide
Below water schemes: No sand systems
Propellers, outdrives and running gear
Outdrives are built out of aluminium. This presents compatibility issues with cuprous-oxide containing
antifoulings. Propellers are typically made with aluminium, bronze or stainless steel.
Fiberglass: No sand system
Clean
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V
Primer
(1 coat)
Interprotect 2000E
Primer
(1 coat)
Fiberglass No Sand Primer YPA200
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
Aluminium
Bronze
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
Primer (2-3 coats)
Primocon Aerosol
Primer (1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Antifouling
(3 coats)
Trilux® 33® Aerosol,
Micron® CF or Pacifica® Plus
Antifouling
(3 coats)
Trilux® 33®
*excluding VC®17m, VC®17m Extra,
VC® Offshore, Baltoplate & VC® Performance Epoxy
This system will not provide blister protection
Fiberglass: Simple no sand system
Clean
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V
See substrate preparation on Page 17.
See osmosis protection schemes on Page 47.
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Fiberglass Bottomkote® Aqua*
(or Interlux Hard Antifouling)
Antifouling
Clean
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V
Stainless Steel
Surface Primer
(1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Topsides
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
**This system is only approved to be used with
Fiberglass Bottomkote Aqua. Do not use this
system with any other antifouling paint.
For complete instructions on this or any of
the no sand systems contact Interlux at
yachtpaint.com or 1-800-468-7589
Fiberglass Surface Prep YMA601V
■
■
■
Antifouling
(3 coats)
Trilux® 33®
(or Interlux Hard Antifouling)
See Painting outdrives, running gear, propellers and keels on Page 35.
Low V.O.C. fiberglass surface preparation to be used in no sand systems
Removes contamination, mold release agents, wax and amine blush
Can be used to clean previously painted surfaces before repainting topside
finishes and below the waterline
Ideal for preparing inflatable boats for antifouling
Color
Card
■
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Primer (1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
The Echo
Program
Fiberglass: Ultimate no sand system
40
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
41
Topsides
Boat Paint Guide
Two-part premium paint systems
One-part conventional paint systems
These schemes provide the maximum level of protection available.
These schemes provide a good level of protection.
Fiberglass
Fiberglass
Undercoat
(1-2 coats)
Epoxy Primekote
Topcoat
(2-3 coats)
Perfection®
Aluminum / Steel
Surface Primer (1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
Surface Primer (1 coat)
InterProtect® 2000E
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
Undercoat
(1-2 coats)
Pre-Kote
(Thinned 15-20% with 2316N Reducing Solvent)
Undercoat
(2 coats)
Epoxy Primekote
Topcoat
(2-3 coats)
Brightside®
Undercoat
(1-2 coats)
Pre-Kote
Topcoat
(2-3 coats)
Brightside®
Topcoat
(2-3 coats)
Perfection®
Wood
Clear Epoxy
Wood
Clear Epoxy
Wash with Soap & Water
Wash with Soap & Water
(to remove amine blush)
(to remove amine blush)
Undercoat
(2 coats)
Epoxy Primekote
Undercoat
(1-2 coats)
Pre-Kote
Undercoat
(1-2 coats)
Pre-Kote
Topcoat
(2-3 coats)
Perfection®
Topcoat
(2-3 coats)
Perfection®
Topcoat
(2-3 coats)
Brightside®
Topcoat
(2-3 coats)
Brightside®
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Undercoat
(2 coats)
Epoxy Primekote
Topsides
Aluminum / Steel
Determining how much paint you will need is fairly simple. To determine how much topside paint you will
need, refer to the reference chart below:
Power
Waterline length (feet)
20
25
30
Topside finishes
3.0
4.5
6.0
4.0
5.5
7.5
(quarts)
Finish primers (quarts)
42
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
The Echo
Program
If required for small areas, Watertite Filler
should be applied after the first coat of
InterProtect® 2000E.
How much topsides paint do I need?
Sail
35
40
20
25
30
35
40
8.0
9.0
2.5
4.0
5.5
7.0
8.5
10.0
11.0
3.0
5.0
7.0
9.0
10.5
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
Color
Card
Filler
43
Topsides
Boat Paint Guide
■ Sikkens Cetol® Marine
Reduced work time bare wood system
Primer
(1 thinned coat)
Perfection® Plus
Primer
(1 thinned + 3 full coats)
Clear Wood Sealer
Varnish
(4 coats min.)
Perfection® Plus
Varnish
(2 coats min.)
Perfection® Plus
One part conventional
varnish systems
Cetol® Marine with Next Wave™ UV-absorbing technology
is a durable, low maintenance translucent protective wood
finish for use above the waterline on interior and exterior
woods. Next Wave™ technology is the next generation of
Cetol Marine from Sikkens with a unique UV package of
advanced ultra violet absorbers that provide greater protection,
durability and longevity. Cetol Marine has excellent weathering
properties and is flexible allowing for the natural expansion
and contraction of wood. Cetol Marine has been specially
formulated with one goal in mind to protect wood and keep
it looking beautiful.
Sikkens Cetol®
Marine system
Marine
Key attributes
Primer
(2 thinned coats)
Schooner® Gold
Primer
(2-3 coats)
Cetol®
(Schooner®, Compass Clear, Original,
Goldspar® Satin, Jet Speed)
(Cetol Marine, Cetol Marine Light,
Cetol® Marine Natural Teak)
Varnish
(4-6 coats)
Schooner® Gold
Varnish (2-3 coats)
Cetol® Gloss
(Schooner®, Compass Clear,
Original, Goldspar® Satin)
Light
Natural Teak
Gloss
■
Cetol Marine produces an attractive dark amber appearance on wood.
■
Cetol Marine Light will produce a lighter amber appearance on wood.
■
Cetol Marine Natural Teak has a rich golden color on wood.
■
Cetol Marine Gloss provides a high gloss, hard wearing, UV protection and an
easy to clean finish and is developed as a topcoat for Cetol Marine, Cetol Marine
Light and Cetol Marine Natural Teak for whenever a gloss finish is desired.
Do not use on decks.
(Apply only if a gloss finish is desired.
Do not use Cetol® Marine Gloss
on decks.)
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Traditional bare wood system
Topsides
Two-part premium varnish systems
The Echo
Program
Oily woods
Color
Card
Hard woods such as Teak and Iroko, that are oily by
nature, must be degreased adequately with the correct
solvent prior to the application of a first thinned coat
of varnish.
44
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
45
Blister Repair and Prevention
Boat Paint Guide
How to protect against osmosis
1
Health and Safety
Before commencing preparatory work, ensure the
area you are working in is adequately ventilated.
Ensure you are wearing the correct PPE; we
recommend safety spectacles, goggles or visors,
nitrile rubber gloves, overalls (ensuring skin is not
exposed) and a solvent mask.
3
Osmosis protection schemes
Fiberglass: InterProtect®
Inspection
Inspect the gelcoat for signs of damage or cracking.
Small defects can be repaired with Watertite Epoxy
Filler following the instructions on the product label.
Fiberglass: InterProtect® HS
Primer
(4-5 coats)
InterProtect® 2000E
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
Primer
(1-3 coats)
InterProtect® HS
Antifouling
(2-3 coats)
Interlux® Antifouling
Look out for any warning signs that may suggest
that water has entered the laminate or that
osmosis may have occurred.
4
Application
Apply InterProtect 2000E, building up to minimum
dry film thickness of 10 mils (this will typically take
5 coats) using a brush or roller. For ease, alternate
between the gray and white shades.
How to treat osmosis
Proper preparation of the gelcoat
This includes getting all of the antifouling
paint and primers off and removal of as much
gelcoat as necessary to get the hull dry (i.e. the
entire gelcoat or just small areas). A professional,
who has looked at your boat, should make this
determination.
1
Drying of the hull
This is the most critical step in the process.
If you do not get the hull dry it will re-blister.
We recommend a comprehensive washing and
drying procedure.
2
Application of Epiglass®
Epiglass is a solventless epoxy used to seal
up the laminate and fill any cloth that has been
voided of resin.
3
If your hull is new, proceed to Step 4.
Warning signs
Star crazing
Pinholes
Blisters can vary from small
pinhead blisters, to areas as
large as the palm of a hand.
The presence of any fluid
behind a blister indicates
a potential problem.
This effect can occur where
the gelcoat is brittle. Fine
cracks usually form due
to severe flexing or impact
damage, allowing water
to seep into the laminate.
Tiny bubbles
present in the
gelcoat reduce its
effectiveness and
promote rapid
water absorption.
■
■
■
■
For prevention and repair
of gelcoat blistering
Excellent for use on
underwater metals,
hulls and keels
Easy to apply – dries quickly – no sanding
Use as part of a no sand system
Excellent anti-corrosive protection above
and below the waterline
InterProtect® HS
■
■
■
■
■
A high solids epoxy barrier
coating that protects hulls
from water absorption and
osmotic blistering
Apply a full barrier coat in 1-3 coats
Contains Micro-Plates to increase
protection from water absorption
VOC compliant
Protects metals from rust and oxidatio
InterProtect® 2000 VOC
■
■
■
Low Emissions Formula
Primer For Prevention and
Repair of Gelcoat Blistering
Universal Primer for Above
and Below the Waterline
Excellent for use on Underwater Metals,
Hulls and Keels
Color
Card
Blisters
®
4 Application of InterProtect 2000E
InterProtect 2000E provides a water barrier to
minimize the possibility of reoccurrence of damage
and will act as a tie-coat to the antifouling. Contact
our Technical Help Desk to obtain a copy of the
InterProtect Bulletin 900.
■
Blister Repair
and Prevention
Preparation
InterProtect® 2000E
The Echo
Program
2
Remove all contamination from the surface using
Fiberglass Solvent Wash 202 or Fiberglass Surface
Prep YMA601V. Sand using 80-grit sandpaper.
Remove the sanding residue using Fiberglass
Solvent Wash 202.
If more extensive damage is found or suspected
we recommend that you seek the advice of a
professional surveyor before continuing.
46
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
47
PAINT WITH THE ENVIRONMENT IN MIND
echoprogram.com
We then convert this relative impact into an
‘Echo Rating’ as seen below. The lower the number,
the lower the relative impact on the environment.
Interlux have made a commitment, as part
of the overall AkzoNobel commitment, to
be a world leader in environmental issues;
The Echo Program is this commitment.
For more information go to echoprogram.com.
7
6
WHY DO WE CARE?
5
Reducing our impact on the environment
whilst continuing to supply products with
superior performance will ensure a clean,
safe environment for us all to enjoy our
passion for boating – now and in the future.
4
BASELINE
3
THE SCOPE!
The Echo Program covers everything Interlux are
doing as a Yacht business to reduce our impact
on the environment. You can find the
full details at echoprogram.com.
THE PRODUCTS?
To help those customers interested in selecting
products from our range based on their relative
overall environmental impact* we have assessed
them all using the AkzoNobel-developed
Environmental Scorecard tool.
This tool, unique and only available to
International Paint LLC and our products,
determines the environmental impact relative
to a baseline product which is the largest volume
selling product from our range in the category
being looked at (e.g. Finishes, Primers, etc.).
48
Largest selling
product
WHAT IS
THE ECHO PROGRAM?
HIGHER
2
Environmental
impact compared to
baseline product
1
LOWER
Our Scorecard tool and Echo Rating system
are designed to give clarity and scientific
credibility to how Interlux assess and rank the
environmental impact of our product ranges.
Giving you, the customer, this clarity allows you
to identify the most environmentally suitable
product for you from our range*.
We are committed to the environment and
this is our commitment to you.
* All ratings are relative to OUR largest selling
product. No comparison can be made to
products from other suppliers.
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
Topside Finishes
Color Card
Perfection®
Brightside®
Yacht Enamel
Interdeck
Ultimate Performance, Two-Part Polyurethane Finish
Hard, High Gloss, One-Part Polyurethane Finish
Traditional Alkyd-Based Marine Enamel
Slip Resistant Polyurethane Deck Paint
Snow White
YHB000
Mediterranean White
YHA184
Off White
YHA192
Blue-Glo White
4259
White
4359
Gunmetal Gray
232
White
YJB000
Oyster White
YHA194
Matterhorn White
YHA198
Arctic White
YHS248
Pearl White
YHS253
Matterhorn White
4360
Seattle Gray
4205
Kingston Gray
4190
Steel Gray
4250
Hatteras Off-White
108
High Gloss White
1
Grey
YJF684
Cream
YJC089
Platinum
YHA183
Cream
YHS070
Fighting Lady Yellow
YHS056
Rochelle Red
YHS299
Black
4258
Light Blue
4351
Medium Blue
4353
Largo Blue
4100
Semi Gloss White
220
Flat White
242
Sand Beige
YJG009
Squall Blue
YJB923
Jade Mist Green
YHB663
Mauritius Blue
YHF991
Lauderdale Blue
YHS936
Jet Black
YHY999
Flag Blue
YHK990
Royal Blue
YHA216
l
l
Off-White
4381
l
Bilgekote®
Interstain
Hard Wearing for Bilges and Bulkheads
Paste Wood Filler Stain
Ocean Blue
4253 (C.C. Blue)
Sapphire Blue
4241
Dark Blue
4316
Flag Blue
4990
Sundown Buff
4237
Grand Banks Beige
4217
Bristol Beige
4207
Hatteras Off-White
4208
Gray
YMA100
Brown Mahogany
42
Sea Green
4247
Fire Red
4248
Yellow
4152
Hatteras Off-White (1990)
4218
White
YMA102
C.C. Red Mahogany
573
YZM914 ss
Flattening Agent
For One and Two-Part Finishes
YMA715 s
Before
After
s FOR USE WITH ONE-PART FINISHES
ss FOR USE WITH TWO-PART FINISHES (Perfection)
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
l
l
Also available as Brightside® Boottop & Striping Enamel
While every care is taken to match colors on this card, the manufacturers cannot be responsible for slight variations.
Products mentioned in this document are trademarks of AkzoNobel. © AkzoNobel 2013.
Red Mahogany
1579
Antifoulings
Color Card
Micron® Technology Polishing Antifoulings
Micron® 66®
Best Antifouling
Red YBA472
Blue YBA470
Micron® CF
Multi-Season Copper-Free
Black YBA473
Red YBD102
Green YBA471
Blue YBD100
Micron Extra
Controlled Polishing
Pacifica® Plus
Copper-Free with Econea™
Red YBB349
Black YBB379
Fiberglass
Bottomkote®
Blue YBB369
Green YBB359
Bronze 999
Red YBB262
Black YBB263
Blue YBB260
Green YBB261
Black YBD103
Green YBD101
Shell White YBD104
Additional High
Performance Antifoulings
®
Fiberglass
Bottomkote® NT
All-Purpose Protection
Gray White YBB264
Econea™ is a trademark of Johnson & Johnson
VC®17m Extra
Thin Film / Fast Finish
Fiberglass
Bottomkote® Aqua
Solid Protection
Ultra
Ultra Strong
Red YBA407
Red 5692
Black 5693
Red 3449F
Red YBA549
Black YBA579
Blue YBA569
Green YBA559
Blue YBA406
Black 3779F
Original YBA405
Blue 5690
Green 5691
Blue 3669F
Shark White 5694
Green 3559F
VC® Offshore
Low Friction Finish
Trilux® 33® /
Trilux® 33® Aerosol
Bright Colors
Brown 5695
ACT
Best Value Ablative
Micron® CSC
Proven Performance
Red YBA062
Red 4490b
Red 5582
Black 7790b
Red V117
Black V118
Blue V116
Baltoplate Metallic Gray R3950
Black YBA063
(YBA063A**)
Black 5583
Dark Blue 6696b
Blue 6690b
Green YBA061
Gray YBA064A*
White YBA068
(YBA068A**)
VC® Performance Epoxy
Biocide Free Bottom Finish
Green 5590b
Blue 5580
Green 5581
Shark White 5584
For VOC regulated areas, please use Micron CSC HS, available
in red, black, blue and green. Codes and details available on
www.yachtpaint.com/us
Gray White 7740b
Blue YBA060
Brown 8890b
Technical Service Helpline: 1 800 468-7589 Open Monday to Friday, 9am-4pm Eastern time
* Available as
aerosol only
**Aerosol code
White V127/V128
Visit our website for more information – yachtpaint.com
While every care is taken to match colors on this card,
the manufacturers cannot be responsible for slight variations.
Dark Blue 5696
Rusty Rutherford, Regional Sales Manager
“Visit our website for even more expert advice.”
Our new look Boat Painting Guide & Color Card has been designed with you – the customer – in mind, to
make it as easy as possible to choose the right product for your project. If you’d like more information on
our products, schemes, surface preparation or simply need some expert advice on painting and maintaining
your boat, please visit our website. Check out our ‘How To’ guides for simple step-by-step information and
handy hints and tips to ensure you achieve professional results, every time!
The answers are only a click away at yachtpaint.com
Interlux Yacht Finishes
2270 Morris Avenue, Union NJ 07083
Tel: 1 908 686-1300
Fax: 1 908 686-8545
Technical Service: 1 800 468-7589
E-mail:
interluxtechni[email protected]
All statements, technical information and recommendations
contained in this publication are based on tests and working
practice believed to be reliable, but their accuracy and/or
completeness is not guaranteed. The user shall determine
the suitability of the products for his/her particular purpose
and shall assume all risk and liability herewith.
, Interlux, the AkzoNobel logo and all product names
mentioned in this publication are trademarks of AkzoNobel.
BPG13 © AkzoNobel 2013
Printed in the UK using vegetable oil
and naturally occurring resin-based inks
Authorized Dealer:
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