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TN/TS-1500
Inverter Instruction Manual
TN/TS-1500 Inverter Instruction Manual
Index
1. Safety Guidelines ...............................................................................
2. Introduction ........................................................................................
2.1 Features ........................................................................................
2.2 Main Specification ........................................................................
1
1
2
2
2.3 System Block Diagram .................................................................. 3
3. User Interface ...................................................................................... 3
3.1 Front Panel .................................................................................... 3
3.2 LED Indicator on Front Panel ...................................................... 4
3.3 Functional Indication and Alarm ................................................ 4
3.4 Rear Panel .................................................................................... 5
4. Explanation of Operating Logic ........................................................ 5
4.1 Explanation of UPS Mode Control Logic .................................... 6
4.2 Explanation of Energy Saving Mode Control Logic ................... 8
5. Initial Setup of TN/TS-1500 ............................................................... 9
5.1 Initial State .................................................................................. 9
5.2 Initial Set Point for Transition Voltages ..................................... 9
5.3 Procedure of Setting Operating Mode, Output Voltage,
Frequency, and Saving Mode ...................................................... 10
5.4 Remote Monitoring Software ....................................................... 12
6. Protection ........................................................................................... 12
6.1 Input Protection ........................................................................... 12
6.2 Output Protection ........................................................................ 13
7. Installation & Wiring .......................................................................... 14
8. Failure Correction Notes ................................................................... 17
9. Warranty ............................................................................................. 17
Jan. 2015 Version 17
1.Safety Guidelines (Please read through this manual before assembling
TN/TS-1500)
‧Risk of electrical shock and energy hazard. All failures should be examined by
the qualified technician. Please do not remove the case of the inverter by
yourself!
‧After connecting the AC input of the inverter to the utility, the AC outlet of the
inverter will have AC output even if the power switch on the front panel is in the
OFF position.
‧It is highly recommended to mount the unit horizontally.
‧Please do not install the inverter in places with high moisture or near water.
‧Please do not install the inverter in places with high ambient temperature or
under direct sunlight.
‧Please only connect batteries with the same brand and model number in one
battery bank. Using batteries from different manufacturers or different capacity
is strictly prohibited!
‧Never allow a spark or flame in the vicinity of the batteries because they may
generate explosive gases during normal operation.
‧Make sure the air flow from the fan is not obstructed at both sides (front and
back) of the inverter. (Please allow at least 15cm of space)
‧Please do not stack any object on the inverter.
WARNING: Batteries will have aging problem after years of operation.
It is suggested to execute regular battery maintenance
(e.g. every year). Once aged, the batteries should be changed
by professional technician, or the failed batteries may cause
fire or other hazards.
Inverter
Inverter
Don't
disassemble
Away from
moisture
Inverter
Away from fire or
high temperature
Don't stack on
the inverter
Inverter
Keep good
ventilation
2.Introduction
‧Fully digital controlled by an advanced CPU, TN-1500 is a true sine wave
inverter equipped with an AC charger and solar charger. It can also operate
under UPS and Energy saving modes. (Descriptions which are high lighted
represents functions only for the TN-1500 series)
‧TS-1500 series only possess the inverter function. It uses batteries as the input
source and converts the energy into AC output.
‧TN-1500 is capable of drawing energy from solar panel thus provide
uninterrupted power (UPS mode). Besides providing uninterrupted power, it
also has user adjustable energy saving mode. The main purposes of energy
reduction and building an independent sub power station are realized. We can
say that TN-1500 series is a multi-functional and designed to be environmentally
friendly.
1
‧TN-1500 series will automatically detect the input sources (whether AC main or
solar panels exist) and then adjust its internal setting. Users can also set up the
operating mode, output voltage, frequency, and saving mode by themselves
based on their special needs, geographic area, and environmental conditions.
‧With pure sine wave output, TN/TS-1500 can provide 1500W continuously,
1750W for 3 minutes, or 20~40A of peak current for all kinds of load such as
inductive, capacitive, or resistive. General applications include PC, ITE,
vehicles, yachts, home appliances, motors, power tools, industrial control
equipments, AV system, and etc...
2.1 Features
‧Selectable UPS or Energy saving mode ‧Solar charging current 30A max
‧True sine wave output (THD<3%)
‧Fast transfer time 10ms (Typ.)
‧1500W rated output
‧Computer-based monitoring software
‧High efficiency up to 90%
(optional for TS-1500)
‧Complete LED indication for operating status
‧Battery low alarm and indicator
‧Surge power capability up to 3000W
‧Output voltage / frequency selectable
‧Fully digital controlled
‧Compliance to UL458 / FCC / E 13 / CE
‧Can be used for most of electronic products with AC input
‧3 year global warranty
2.2 Main Specification
MODEL
Rated
power
Surge
Current
Factory
setting
Output voltage
O
U
T
P
U
T Frequency
WAVEFORM
112
124
148
212
224
248
1500W max. continuously, 1750W max. for 180 seconds, 1875W max. for 10 seconds,
3000W for 30 cycle
40A (500ms typ.)
20A (500ms typ.)
110V 60Hz
230V 50Hz
100 / 110 / 115 / 120V
200 / 220 / 230 / 240V
60±0.1Hz
50±0.1Hz
True sine wave (THD <3.0%)
PROTECTION AC short、Overload 、Over Temperature
BAT. VOLTAGE 10.5 ~ 15.0V 21.0 ~ 30.0V 42.0 ~ 60.0V 10.5 ~ 15.0V 21.0 ~ 30.0V 42.0 ~ 60.0V
I
N
P
U
T
C
H
A
R
G
E
R
DC CURRENT 150A
75A
37.5A
150A
75A
37.5A
EFFICIENCY 87%
89%
89%
88%
90%
91%
OFF MODE
CURRENT
DRAW
PROTECTION
CHARGE
VOLTAGE
AC CHARGE
CURRENT
SOLAR OPEN
CIRCUIT
VOLTAGE
SOLAR
CHARGE
CURRENT
Under 1.0mA at power switch OFF
Over current、battery polarity reverse by fuse、battery low shutdown、battery low alarm
14.5V
29.0V
58.0V
5.5A ±0.5A
2.7A ±0.4A
25Vmax
45Vmax
29.0V
58.0V
1.35A ±0.2A 5.5A ±0.5A
2.7A ±0.4A
1.35A ±0.2A
75Vmax
45Vmax
75Vmax
30A max.
2
14.5V
25Vmax
2.3 System Block Diagram
TN-1500 Inverter
EMI
filter
AC
Input
CPU
Controller
LED
Display
AC charger
Fuse
Circuit
Breaker
Solar charger
200V DC /400V DC
Battery
12V/24V/48V
Fuse
Polarity
detect
DC/DC
Converter
DC/AC
Inverter
120V/230V
50Hz/60Hz
LOAD
AC
Output
Solar Panel
Figure 2.1 System Block Diagram
3.User interface
3.1 Front Panel
A POWER on/off switch: The inverter will turn OFF if the switch is in the OFF
position.
B AC output outlet: To satisfy application demand of different geographic areas
all over the world, there are many optional AC outlets to choose from.
C No Fuse Breaker; Reset: Under "Bypass Mode", when the AC output is
shorted or the load current exceeds the rated current of the No Fuse Breaker,
the No Fuse Breaker will open and that stops bypassing energy from the utility
getting to prevent possible danger. When the abnormal operating condition is
removed, user can press down on the Reset button to resume operation.
D Ventilation holes: The inverter requires suitable ventilation to work properly.
Please make sure there is good ventilation and the lifespan of the inverter can
preserved.
E Function Setting: Operating Mode, Output voltage, frequency, and saving
mode can be set through this button.
F LED Indicating Panel: Operating status, load condition, and all types of
warnings will be displayed on this panel.
G Communication Port: For remote monitoring purpose, the unit can be connected
to a PC through t his c omm unication por t by using t he c able and m onitoring
software.
3
B
F
AC OUT PUT
SOLAR CHARGE
ON
AC CHARGE
A
BATTERY
OF F
LOAD
1 00
Setting
E
100
INVERTER
On
0
0
C
AC IN
BY PASS
Bat Low
Saving
G
Remote
port
D
Figure 3.1: Front Panel (TN-1500)
3.2 LED Indicator on Front Panel
Battery Capacity Indicator: represents the remaining capacity of external
batteries.
LED Display
LED 1 ON
LED 1~ 2 ON LED 1 ~ 3 ON LED 1 ~ 4 ON
Battery
0 ~ 25%
26 ~ 50%
51 ~ 75%
76 ~ 100%
Capacity
Load Condition Indicator: represents the magnitude of output loads.
LED Display
LED 1 ON
LED 1~ 2 ON LED 1 ~ 3 ON LED 1 ~ 4 ON
Battery
0 ~ 30%
30 ~ 50%
50 ~ 75%
75 ~ 100%
Capacity
3.3 Function Indication and Alarm
◎ On : The inverter started up and output is normal.
◎ Bat Low : Voltage of external batteries is too low. The inverter will send out
a "Beep" sound to warn the users.
◎ Saving : The inverter is operating under the "Saving Mode" and there's no
AC output.
◎ AC CHARGE : The built-in AC charger is charging external batteries.
◎ SOLAR CHARGE : The external solar panels are providing energy to the
external batteries through the built-in solar charger.
◎ AC IN: The status of utility is normal.
◎ BYPASS: The unit is working under "Bypass Mode". The AC electricity
consumed by the loads is provided by the utility instead of the inverter.
◎ INVERTER: The unit is working under "Inverter Mode" The AC electricity
consumed by the loads is converted from the batteries.
◎BATTERY: Display the remaining capacity of external batteries.
◎LOAD: Display the output load status.
4
3.4 Rear Panel
A Battery input (+), (-).
B Utility / AC inlet (IEC320).
C Solar panel input terminal.
D Frame ground (FG).
AC INPUT
Solar Input
(30A max)
C
NEG
B
DC
INPUT
POS
Reverse Polarity
Will Damage The
Unit.
Chassis
Ground
A
Cat.No .(1GG1HS-212)
Wire Range(10-4 AWG Str
Cu Sol der ed Wires)
Torque (17.7-26.5 in lb)
D
Fig 3.2: Rear Panel (TN-1500)
4.Explanation of Operating Logic
TN-1500 (CPU controlled inverter) is designed to achieve the goal of energy
saving and possesses both UPS and Energy saving modes. These 2 modes are
user adjustable. The unit will be factory set in the UPS mode. Depending on
weather and utility conditions, users can manually adjust or use the monitoring
software to switch to the Energy saving mode.
The main difference between UPS and Energy saving mode is the amount of
energy conserved. Under the UPS mode, the unit will remain in the Bypass mode
as long as utility is available. Thus less energy is conserved (refer to Fig. 4.1 for
UPS mode control logic). Under the Energy saving mode, the priority of input
source chosen is solar panel AC main battery. If available, the CPU will select
external solar panels as its first priority in order to conserve energy. In case of
insufficient solar power and utility failure, battery power will be drawn as the last
resort. When the capacity of batteries is around 10~20%, the CPU will remind
end users by continuously sending out warning siren until the system shuts down.
5
4.1 Explanation of UPS Mode Control Logic
ON
ON
Utility
Power
OFF
OFF
Power-On
Re-power-on
ON
ON
By pass
mode
OFF
OFF
ON
Inverter
Mode
OFF
28.5V
t
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
t
28.5V
28.5V
28.5V
25.4V
26.5V
26.5V
22.5V
(Alarm)
26.5V
Battery
voltage
21V(Shut-down)
t
29.0V
Solar charger
state
AC charger
state
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
ON
t2
OFF
OFF
OFF
t3
t
ON
OFF
t1
ON
OFF
OFF
t4
t5
t6
t7 t8 t9
t10
t
t11
t12
Figure 4.1: Diagram of UPS Mode Control Logic
t1: To ensure the battery is at full capacity, when the TN-1500 is turned on, the
CPU will execute the "Bypass Mode" automatically connecting the AC main to
the load. In the meantime, it will activate both the AC charger and solar
charger to simultaneously charge the batteries.
t2: When the batteries are full (battery voltage around 28.5V), both the AC and
solar charger will be turned off by the CPU to prevent overcharging and
reducing the battery lifetime. In the meantime, the system will remain in the
"Bypass Mode" and AC electricity provided to the loads is coming from public
utility.
6
t3: At this time period, TN-1500 is still in the Bypass mode. The battery voltage
level will decrease gradually due to standby power dissipation. When the
batteries are consumed to around 75% of their capacity (battery voltage
around 26.5V) the CPU will restart the charger. The CPU will use charging
current of 3A as a guide point. When the provided charging current is under
3A, the AC charger will be turned ON (e.g. Night time or cloudy day). As for
charging current of over 3A, the solar charger will be turned ON instead.
t4: If the energy provided by the charger is larger than what is consumed by the
load, voltage of battery bank will increase gradually until 28.5V is reached
then the CPU will be shut off the charger to prevent overcharging. At this
point, output load is still supplied by utility.
t5: Since the chargers are in the OFF mode, the battery voltage will gradually
decrease to the range of 26.5~28.5V (floating voltage level). If utility were to
fail at this moment, the CPU will automatically switch (<10ms) to the inverter
mode insuring uninterrupted power.
t6: Once utility recovers, the CPU will switch back to the bypass mode.
t7: When battery voltage drops to below 26.5V, the battery charger will be
activated to charge the battery bank (refer to t3 for detailed description).
t8: Same as t4.
t9: Due to lack of utility, TN-1500 will switch to the inverter mode. AC charging
function will be turned off. Since AC output relies purely on battery power, the
battery bank will be depleted rather quickly.
t10: As the battery discharges to below 26.5V and utility remains unavailable.
Only the solar charger is turned ON. The battery bank could be depleted
rather quickly.
t11: Same as Energy Saving mode.
t12: When solar charger is providing current of larger than 3A, the voltage level of
the battery bank will rise slowly. Once the battery voltage reaches inverter
mode reactivation level, the inverter will be revived.
7
4.2 Explanation of Energy Saving Mode Control Logic
ON
Utility
Power
OFF
Power-On
ON
ON
Bypass
mode
OFF
OFF
ON
Inverter
mode
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
28.5V
28.5V
28.5V
26.5V
Battery
voltage
Solar charger
state
AC charger
state
22V
21.0V (Shut-down)
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
t
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
t1
t
ON
OFF
OFF
t
28.5V
26.5V
22.5V
(Alarm)
22.5V
(Alarm)
26.5V
t
ON
t2
t3
t4
t5
t6 t7
t
t8
Figure 4.2 Diagram of Energy Saving Mode Control Logic
t1 : When the TN-1500 is turned on, CPU will execute the "Bypass Mode"
automatically connecting the AC main to the load. In the mean time, it will
activate both the AC charger and solar charger to simultaneously charge the
batteries.
t2 : When the batteries are full (battery voltage around 28.5V), both the AC and
solar charger will be turned off to prevent overcharging and reducing the
battery lifetime. In the meantime, the system will switch to the "Inverter Mode"
and the AC electricity provided to the loads will be coming from the batteries.
t3: When the batteries are depleted to around 75% of their capacity (battery
voltage around 26.5V), CPU will restart the solar charger but not the AC
charger to achieve the purpose of energy-saving.
t4: If the energy provided by the solar panels is larger than the load requirement,
voltage of battery bank will increase gradually until reaching 90% capacity
(battery voltage around 28.5V) and then the solar charger will be shut off to
prevent the batteries from overcharging.
8
t5: When the capacity of batteries go down to about 75% (battery voltage around
26.5V), solar charger will restart and begin charging.
t6: If the energy provided by the solar panels is lower than consumed by the loads,
voltage of battery bank will decrease gradually to 20% of its capacity
(battery voltage around 22V), the built-in buzzer will be activated and inform
the users to take proper action.
t7: If the power consumption of the loads does not decrease and the AC main is
normal, CPU will detect this and the unit will be transferred to "Bypass Mode".
The utility will provide energy to the loads and charge the battery bank at the
same time in order to prevent the unit from shutting off. If the solar current is
higher than 3A, the CPU will not activate the "AC charger" and just let the
"Solar Charger" charge the batteries to achieve the goal of energy-saving.
t8: When lacking AC main, the CPU will shut down the whole system if the capacity
of external battery bank is less than 10% (battery voltage around 21V)
in order to prevent over-discharging and reducing its lifetime. After shut down,
the CPU will provide LED indication to the user know why the inverter has shut
off.
5. Initial Setup of TN/TS-1500 (Operating Mode, Output Voltage, Frequency,
and Saving Mode)
5.1 Initial State
The initial state of TN/TS-1500 is set to 120Vac/60Hz or 230Vac/50Hz, "UPS mode"
and disabled "Saving Mode" is activated. If the users need to revise it for certain
application, it can be done through the setting button on the front panel (Please
refer to section 5.3). The unit will start up automatically after the setting procedure
is finished and the new settings will be executed. These new settings will be kept
even if AC, battery, and solar is disconnected or occurrence of fault conditions
leading to failure of output voltage thus requiring powering the inverter OFF and
ON.
5.2 Initial Set Point for Transition Voltages
TN/TS-1500
Factory Setting
AC Charger
Transition Voltage
AC Charger
Start Up Voltage
Solar Charger
Start Up Voltage
Solar Charger
Shut Down Voltage
Inverter
Shut Down
112
212
124
224
148
248
14.3V
28.5V
57V
11V
22V
44V
13.3V
26.5V
53V
14.3V
28.5V
57V
10.5V
21V
42V
9
5.3 Procedure of Setting Operating Mode, Output Voltage, Frequency, and
Saving Mode
Note: TS-1500 does not have Step 3~5.
STEP 1: The inverter should be turned off while resetting. Input batteries
should be connected, AC main can either be connected or disconnected,
and the loads should be removed.
STEP 2: Use an insulated stick to press the setting button and then turn on the
power switch. After pressing for 5 seconds, the inverter will send out
a "Beep" sound. Users can release the button and go into the setting
procedure.
STEP 3: Please refer to Table 5.1 and check the LED status to see if the
Operating Mode is the one you need. If yes, please skip to STEP 5.
If change is required, please follow STEP 4~11.
Table 5.1 Operating Mode
Energy Saving
Mode
UPS Mode
On
●
Bat Low
★
Saving
★
On
○
Bat Low
★
Saving
★
● Light
○ Dark
★ Flashing
STEP 4: The LEDs will change state by pressing the setting button for 1
second and then release. Operating Mode can be adjusted as
required.
STEP 5: After selecting the Operating Mode, press the setting button for 3~5
seconds and the inverter will send out a "Beep" sound. The button
can be released and you can go on to the setting section of
"Voltage/frequency."
STEP 6: Please refer to Table 5.2 and check whether the combination of
output voltage and frequency is the one you need. If yes, please skip
to STEP 8. If change is required, please follow STEP 7~11.
AC OUTPUT
SOLAR CHARGE
ON
AC CH ARGE
BATT ERY
OFF
100
Setting
LOAD
1 00
INVERTER
On
0
0
AC IN
BY PASS
Bat Low
Saving
Use an insulated stick to
press this setting button
Remote
port
Figure 5.1: Adjustment of Output Mode, Output Voltage,
Frequency, and Saving Mode
10
Table 5.2 : LED Indication of Output Voltage / Frequency Combination
Output
Voltage
Frequency
On
50Hz Bat Low
Saving
On
60Hz Bat Low
Saving
100Vac
(200Vac)
110Vac
(220Vac)
115Vac
(230Vac)
120Vac
(240Vac)
●
○
○
★
○
○
●
○
●
★
○
●
●
●
○
★
●
○
●
●
●
★
●
●
● Light
○ Dark
★ Flashing
STEP 7: The LEDs will change state by pressing the setting button for 1
second and then release (refer to Figure 5.2). Please select the
combination of output voltage and frequency you need.
110Vac
(220Vac) 50Hz
115Vac
(230Vac) 50Hz
120Vac
(240Vac) 50Hz
100Vac
(200Vac) 50Hz
100Vac
(200Vac) 60Hz
120Vac
(240Vac) 60Hz
110Vac
(220Vac) 60Hz
115Vac
(230Vac) 60Hz
Figure 5.2: State Circulation Diagram of Output Voltage and Frequency
STEP 8: After selecting the output voltage and frequency, press the setting
button for 3~5 seconds and the inverter will send out a "Beep"
sound. The button can be released and it will go into the setting
section for "Saving Mode."
STEP 9: Please refer to Table 5.3 and check whether the "Saving Mode" is set
as required. If yes, please skip to STEP 11. If change is required,
please follow STEP 10~11.
Table 5.3 LED Indication for Saving Mode ON/OFF
Saving Mode
ON
Saving Mode
OFF
On
★
Bat Low
★
Saving
●
On
★
Bat Low
★
Saving
○
11
● Light
○ Dark
★ Flashing
STEP 10: The LEDs will change state by pressing the setting button for 1
second and then release. You can activate or cancel the "Saving
Mode" function by this adjustment.
STEP 11: After activating or canceling the "Saving Mode", press the setting
button for around 5 seconds and the inverter will send out a "Beep"
sound. The button can be released and all the settings are finished.
The inverter will automatically store all the settings and then start
to operate.
5.4 Remote Monitoring Software
Users can make operating mode, voltage / frequency, saving mode, and transition
voltage adjustments by using this software. The monitoring software can run on
Windows 7 English version, Windows 7 Chinese (Traditional, Taiwan) version,
Windows 8 English version and Windows 8 Chinese (Traditional, Taiwan) version
from the MW website. Please contact us or our distributor if you have any questions.
6. Protection
6.1 Input Protection
(A)Battery Polarity Protection: If the battery input is connected in reverse
polarity, the internal fuse will blow and the inverter should be send back to
MEAN WELL for repair.
(B)Battery Under Voltage Protection: When the battery voltage is lower than
the preset value, the inverter will automatically terminate the output and
"Battery Low" signal on the front panel will light up. Please refer to Table 6.1
for more detail about the failure signals displayed through the "Load Meter."
(C)Battery Over Voltage Protection: When the battery voltage is too high,
inverter will automatically terminate the output and the built-in buzzer will
activate to inform the users. Please refer to Table 6.1 for more detail about
the failure signals displayed through the "Load Meter."
WARNING:
Please choose suitable batteries that is within the rated input DC
voltage of TN/TS-1500 (refer to the SPEC). If the input DC voltage is
too low (ex. using 12Vdc battery bank for 24Vdc input models), TN/TS1500 can't be started up properly. If the input DC voltage is too high
(ex. using 48Vdc battery bank for 24Vdc input models), TN/TS-1500
will be damaged!
(D)Solar Charger Over Current Protection: The maximum charging current
of the built-in solar charger is 30A. If the charging current is too high, the
internal fuse will blow and the inverter should be send back to MEAN WELL
for repair.
12
6.2 Output Protection
(A)Bypass Mode: Uses "No Fuse Breaker" as automatic over current
protection. When over current occurs, the button of the circuit breaker on
the front panel will pop up and the inverter will shut down. At this time,
users should remove the loads, restart the inverter and press down on the
button of the circuit breaker and the AC output can now be provided
normally.
(B)Inverter Mode: Under the "Inverter Mode", if any abnormal situation
occurs, the front panel will send out failure messages through the "Load
Meter" (Please refer to Table 6.1).
(1)Over Temperature Protection: When the internal temperature is higher
than the limit value, the "Over Temperature Protection" will be activated.
The unit will automatically turn off and should be restarted again.
(2)AC Output Abnormal Protection: When the AC output voltage of the
inverter is too high or too low, the unit will turn off and should be restarted
again.
(3)AC Output Short Circuit Protection: When a short circuit situation
occurs at the output side of the inverter or the load increase greatly in a
short period of time, the unit will turn off and should be restarted again.
(4)Battery Voltage Abnormal Protection: When the battery voltage is too
high or too low, this protection will be activated. The inverter will autorecover once the battery voltage go back to a safe level and users do not
need to restart it.
(5)Output Overload Protection: When output is overloaded between 1500W
~ 1750W, the inverter can continuously provide power for 3 minutes. After
that, if the overload condition is not removed, the overload protection will
be activated. When the load is higher than 1875W, the overload protection
will activate instantly. For these overload protections, once activated, you
should reset the unit.
Table 6.1: Failure Messages On Front Panel
LOAD
Failure
Message
LO A D
10 0
LED
Indicator
Failure
Message
10 0
LED
Indicator
0
Output
Overload
(1500W~1750W)
L O AD
Output
Overload
(1750W~1875W)
L O AD
Output
Overload
(>1875W)
L O AD
0
Abnormal
AC Output
Voltage
10 0
0
10 0
0
L O AD
AC Output
Short Circuit
10 0
10 0
0
0
Abnormal
Battery
Voltage
10 0
0
L OA D
Over
Temperature
L O AD
10 0
0
13
LO A D
10 0
0
7. Installation & Wiring
(A)Wiring for Batteries: Wire connections should be as short as possible and
less than 1.5 meter is highly recommended. Make sure that suitable wires are
chosen based on Safety requirement and rating of current. Too small crosssection will result in lower efficiency, less output power, and the wires may
also become overheated and cause danger. Please refer to Table 7.1 and
consult our local distributor if you have any questions.
Table 7.1: Suggestion for Wire Selection
Rated Current of
Equipment (Amp)
10A ~ 13A
Cross-section of
Lead (mm 2 )
1.25
AWG
Note
16
Choosing suitable
wires based on the
rating of solar panels
and distance from
the inverter
13A ~ 16A
1.5
14
16A ~ 25A
2.5
12
25A ~ 32A
4
10
32A ~ 40A
6
8
40A ~ 63A
10
6
63A ~ 80A
16
4
80A ~ 100A
25
2
100A ~ 125A
35
1
≧125A
50
0
Models using 48V
batteries
Models using 24V
batteries
Models using 12V
batteries
(B)Suggested Battery Type and Capacity
TN/TS-1500
Battery Type
Battery
Capacity
Input Current
from Solar Panel
Lead-acid
112
212
12V / 120Ah ~
12V / 400Ah
124
224
24V / 60Ah ~
24V / 200Ah
148
248
48V / 30Ah ~
48V / 100Ah
5A ~ 25A
(C)Requirement of Installation:
The unit should be mounted on a flat surface or holding rack with suitable
strength. In order to ensure the lifespan of the unit, you should refrain from
operating the unit in environment of high dust or moisture. This is a power
supply with built-in DC fan. Please make sure the ventilation is not blocked.
We recommend that there should be no barriers within 15cm of the ventilating
holes.
14
>15cm
>15cm
Inverter
Air
Air
Figure 7.1: Example of Installation
(D)Example of System Diagram
As short as possible
Larger
than
15cm
AC O/P
Solar Panel
Battery
-
+
LOAD
TN/TS-1500
Inverter
Larger
than
15cm
AC I/P DC I/P
-+
Solar I/P
Chassis
Should less than 1.5m
Wall or system FG
Based on the actual length of wiring and
choose suitable cross-section of the leads
Where, the installation of the DC input and chassis grounding is shown below :
Cat. No. (1GG1HS-191)
Rating (150A )
Suitable cables (cables with 75℃
temperature rating, connected with
ring terminal)
Torque (32~106.2 in-lbs)
1
2
15
Cat.No.(1GG1HS-212)
Suitable wires (10-4 AWG
tinned copper wires)
Torque (17.7-26.5 in-lbs)
Chassis
(E)Derating
100
100
80
80
60
60
40
40
20
20
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
21VDC
Ambient Temperature (℃)
Figure 7.2: Output Derating Curve
(F)
23VDC
30VDC (HORIZONTAL)
Battery Input Voltage (V) - 24V Model
Figure 7.3: Input Derating Curve
Notes on Output Loads:
TN/TS-1500 Ser ies can power most of equipments that need an AC
source of 1500W. But for certain specific type of load, the unit may n ot
work properly.
(1)Since inductive loads or motor based equipments need a large start up
current (6~10 times of its rated current), please make sure this start up
current is less than the maximum current capability of the inverter.
(2)When the output are capacitive or rectified equipments (such as switching
power supply), we suggest operating these equipment at no load or light
load condition. Increase the loads slightly only after the TN/TS-1500 has
started up to ensure proper operation.
16
8. Failure Correction Notes
TN/TS-1500 should serviced by a professional technician. Improper usage or
modification may damage the unit or result in shock hazard. If you are not able to
clear the failure condition, please contact Mean WELL or any of our distributors
for repair service.
Status
No AC output
voltage
Discharging
period of
batteries is
too short
Fan does
not spin
Possible Reasons
Ways to Eliminate
Abnormal input
Check the AC or DC input sources.
Make sure the voltage is within the
required range.
No input (battery, AC main,
or solar energy)
Make sure the wiring and polarity
is correct.
Over temperature
protection
Make sure that the ventilation is not
blocked or whether the ambient
temperature is too high. Please
derate output usage or reduce the
ambient temperature.
Overload protection
Make sure the output load does not
exceed the rated value or the
instantaneous start up current is not
too high (for inductive or capacitive
loads).
Short circuit protection
Make sure the output is not
overloaded or short circuit
Batteries are aging or broken
Replace the batteries
Battery capacity is too small
Reconfirm the specification and enlarge
the battery capacity as suggested
Malfunction of the charger
(no charging voltage)
Repair required. Please send it back
to us or any of our distributors
Clog with foreign objects
Remove the foreign objects
Malfunction of the fan
Repair required. Please send it back
to us or any of our distributors
9.Warranty
Three years of global warranty is provided for TN/TS-1500 under normal
operating conditions. Please do not change components or modify the unit
by yourself or MEAN WELL may reserve the right not to provide the complete
warranty.
17
N o . 2 8 , W u q u a n 3 r d R d . , Wu g u D i s t . , N e w Ta i p e i C i t y 2 4 8 , Ta i w a n
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