ST Microelectronics TDA2003V (73-108-73)

ST Microelectronics TDA2003V (73-108-73)
TDA2003
®
10W CAR RADIO AUDIO AMPLIFIER
DESCRIPTION
The TDA 2003 has improved performance with the
same pin configuration as the TDA 2002.
The additional features of TDA 2002, very low
number of external components, ease of assembly,
space and cost saving, are maintained.
The device provides a high output current capability
(up to 3.5A) very low harmonic and cross-over
distortion.
Completely safe operation is guaranteed due to
protection against DC and AC short circuit between
all pins and ground, thermal over-range, load dump
voltage surge up to 40V and fortuitous open
ground.
PENTAWATT
ORDERING NUMBERS : TDA 2003H
TDA 2003V
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Symbol
Parameter
Value
Unit
VS
VS
Peak supply voltage (50ms)
DC supply voltage
40
28
V
V
VS
IO
IO
Operating supply voltage
Output peak current (repetitive)
18
3.5
V
A
Output peak current (non repetitive)
Power dissipation at Tcase = 90°C
4.5
20
A
W
-40 to 150
°C
Ptot
Tstg, Tj
Storage and junction temeperature
TEST CIRCUIT
October 1998
1/10
TDA2003
PIN CONNECTION (top view)
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
THERMAL DATA
Symbol
Rth-j-case
2/10
Parameter
Thermal resistance junction-case
max
Value
Unit
3
°C/W
TDA2003
AC TEST CIRCUIT
DC TEST CIRCUIT
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS ( Vs = 14.4V, Tamb = 25 °C unless otherwise specified)
Symbol
Parameter
Test conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
18
V
6.9
7.7
V
44
50
mA
DC CHARACTERISTICS (Refer to DC test circuit)
Vs
Supply voltage
Vo
Quiescent output voltage (pin 4)
Id
Quiescent drain current (pin 5)
8
6.1
AC CHARACTERISTICS (Refer to AC test circuit, Gv = 40 dB)
Po
Vi(rms)
Vi
Output power
d = 10%
f = 1 kHz
RL = 4Ω
RL = 2Ω
RL = 3.2Ω
RL = 1.6Ω
Input saturation voltage
Input sensitivity
5.5
9
6
10
7.5
12
300
f = 1 kHz
Po = 0.5W
Po = 6W
Po = 0.5W
Po 10W
RL = 4Ω
RL = 4Ω
RL = 2Ω
RL = 2Ω
W
W
W
W
mV
14
55
10
50
mV
mV
mV
mV
3/10
TDA2003
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Symbol
Parameter
B
Frequency response (-3 dB)
d
Distortion
Test conditions
Po = 1W
RL = 4Ω
f = 1 kHz
Po = 0.05 to4.5W RL = 4Ω
Po = 0.05 to 7.5W RL = 2Ω
Ri
Input resistance (pin 1)
f = 1 kHz
Gv
Voltage gain (open loop)
f = 1 kHz
f = 10 kHz
Gv
Voltage gain (closed loop)
f = 1 kHz
RL = 4Ω
eN
Input noise voltage
iN
Input noise current
η
Efficiency
SVR
Supply voltage rejection
Min.
70
39.3
Typ.
Max.
Unit
40 to 15,000
Hz
0.15
0.15
%
%
150
kΩ
80
60
dB
dB
40
40.3
dB
(0)
1
5
µV
(0)
60
200
pA
f = 1 Hz
Po = 6W
Po = 10W
RL = 4Ω
RL = 2Ω
f = 100 Hz
Vripple = 0.5V
Rg = 10 kΩ
RL = 4Ω
30
69
65
%
%
36
dB
(0) Filter with noise bandwidth: 22 Hz to 22 kHz
Figure 1. Quiescent output
voltage vs. supply voltage
4/10
Figure 2. Quiescent drain
current vs. supply voltage
Figure 3. Output power vs.
supply voltage
TDA2003
Figure 4. Output power vs.
load resistance RL
Figure 5. Gain vs. input
sensivity
Figure 6. Gain vs. input
sensivity
F ig ure 7. Di stortion vs.
output power
Fi gure 8. Distor tion vs.
frequency
Figure 9. Supply voltage
rejection vs. voltage gain
Figure 10. Supply voltage
rejection vs. frequency
Figure 11. Power dissipation and efficiency vs. output
power (RL = 4Ω)
Figure 12. Power dissipation and efficiency vs. output
power (RL = 2Ω)
5/10
TDA2003
Figure 13. Maximum power
dissipation vs. supply voltage
(sine wave operation)
Figure 14. Maximum allowable
power dissipation vs. ambient
temperature
Figure 15. Typical values of
capacitor (CX) for different
values of frequency reponse
(B)
APPLICATION INFORMATION
Figure 16. Typical application
circuit
Figure 17. P.C. board and component layout for the circuit of
fig. 16 (1 : 1 scale)
BUILT-IN PROTECTION SYSTEMS
Load dump voltage surge
The TDA 2003 has a circuit which enables it to
withstand a voltage pulse train, on pin 5, of the type
shown in fig. 19.
If the supply voltage peaks to more than 40V, then
an LC filter must be inserted between the supply
and pin 5, in order to assure that the pulses at pin
5 will be held within the limits shown in fig. 18.
6/10
A suggested LC network is shown in fig. 19. With
this network, a train of pulses with amplitude up to
120V and width of 2 ms can be applied at point A.
This type of protection is ON when the supply
voltage (pulsed or DC) exceeds 18V. For this reason
the maximum operating supply voltage is 18V.
TDA2003
Figure 18.
Figure 19.
Short-circuit (AC and DC conditions)
In particular, the TDA 2003 can drive a coupling
transformer for audio modulation.
The TDA 2003 can withstand a permanent shortcircuit on the output for a supply voltage up to 16V.
Polarity inversion
High current (up to 5A) can be handled by the
device with no damage for a longer period than the
blow-out time of a quick 1A fuse (normally connected in series with the supply).
This feature is added to avoid destruction if, during
fitting to the car, a mistake on the connection of the
supply is made.
Open ground
When the radio is in the ON condition and the
ground is accidentally opened, a standard audio
amplifier will be damaged. On the TDA 2003 protection diodes are included to avoid any damage.
Inductive load
A protection diode is provided between pin 4 and 5
(see the internal schematic diagram) to allow use
of the TDA 2003 with inductive loads.
Figure 20. Output power and
dra i n cu rre nt vs . case
temperature (RL = 4Ω)
DC voltage
The maximum operating DC voltage on the TDA
2003 is 18V.
However the device can withstand a DC voltage up
to 28V with no damage. This could occur during
winter if two batteries were series connected to
crank the engine.
Thermal shut-down
The presence of a thermal limiting circuit offers the
following advantages:
1) an overload on the output (even if it is permanent), oran excessive ambient temperature can
be easily withstood.
2) the heat-sink can have a smaller factor compared with that of a conventional circuit.
There is no device damage in the case of excessive junction temperature: all that happens
is that Po (and therefore Ptot) and Id are reduced.
Figure 21. Output power and
d rai n cur ren t vs. c ase
temperature (RL = 2Ω)
7/10
TDA2003
PRATICAL CONSIDERATION
Printed circuit board
The layout shown in fig. 17 is recommended. If
different layouts are used, the ground points of
input 1 and input 2 must be well decoupled from
the ground of the output through which a rather high
current flows.
Assembly suggestion
No electrical insulation is required between the
package and the heat-sink. Pin length should be as
short as possible. The soldering temperature must
not exceed 260°C for 12 seconds.
Application suggestions
The recommended component values are those
shown in the application circuits of fig. 16.
Different values can be used. The following table is
intended to aid the car-radio designer.
Component
Recommmended
value
C1
2.2 µF
Input DC
decoupling
Noise at switch-on,
switch-off
C2
470 µF
Ripple rejection
Degradation of SVR
C3
0.1 µF
Supply bypassing
Danger of oscillation
C4
1000 µF
Output coupling to load
Higher low frequency
cutoff
C5
0.1 µF
Frequency stability
Danger of oscillation at
high frequencies with
inductive loads
1
2 π B R1
Upper frequency cutoff
CX
8/10
≅
Purpose
Larger than
recommended value
Lower bandwidth
R1
(Gv-1) • R2
Setting of gain
R2
2.2 Ω
Setting of gain
and SVR
Degradation of SVR
R3
1Ω
Frequency stability
Danger of oscillation at
high frequencies with
inductive loads
RX
≅ 20 R2
Upper frequency cutoff
Poor high frequency
attenuation
Smaller than
recommended value C1
Larger bandwidth
Increase of drain current
Danger of oscillation
TDA2003
DIM.
A
C
D
D1
E
E1
F
F1
G
G1
H2
H3
L
L1
L2
L3
L4
L5
L6
L7
L9
M
M1
V4
MIN.
mm
TYP.
2.4
1.2
0.35
0.76
0.8
1
3.2
6.6
3.4
6.8
10.05
17.55
15.55
21.2
22.3
17.85
15.75
21.4
22.5
2.6
15.1
6
4.23
3.75
0.2
4.5
4
MAX.
4.8
1.37
2.8
1.35
0.55
1.19
1.05
1.4
3.6
7
10.4
10.4
18.15
15.95
21.6
22.7
1.29
3
15.8
6.6
MIN.
inch
TYP.
0.094
0.047
0.014
0.030
0.031
0.039
0.126
0.260
0.134
0.268
0.396
0.691
0.612
0.831
0.878
0.703
0.620
0.843
0.886
0.102
0.594
0.236
4.75 0.167
4.25 0.148
40˚ (typ.)
0.008
0.177
0.157
OUTLINE AND
MECHANICAL DATA
MAX.
0.189
0.054
0.110
0.053
0.022
0.047
0.041
0.055
0.142
0.276
0.409
0.409
0.715
0.628
0.850
0.894
0.051
0.118
0.622
0.260
0.187
0.167
Pentawatt V
L
L1
V3
V
V
E
L8
V
V1
V
M1
R
R
A
B
D
C
D1
L5
L2
R
M
V4
H2
L3
F
E
E1
V4
H3 H1
G G1
Dia.
F
F1
L7
H2
V4
L6
L9
RESIN BETWEEN
LEADS
9/10
TDA2003
Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of
use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted
by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specification mentioned in this publication are subject to
change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not
authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics.
The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics
© 1998 STMicroelectronics – Printed in Italy – All Rights Reserved
STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES
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10/10
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