MAX4686, MAX4687, MAX4688

MAX4686, MAX4687, MAX4688
19-2042; Rev 1; 2/03
2.5Ω, Low-Voltage, SPST/SPDT
Analog Switches in UCSP Package
Features
♦ 6-Bump, 0.5mm Pitch, UCSP
♦ RON
2.5Ω max (+3V Supply)
10Ω max (+1.8V Supply)
♦ 0.4Ω max RON Match Between Channels
♦ 1Ω max RON Flatness Over Signal Range
♦ Low Leakage Currents Over Temperature
0.5nA (max) at TA = +25°C
♦ Fast Switching: tON = 30ns, tOFF = 12ns
♦ Guaranteed Break-Before-Make (MAX4688)
♦ +1.8V to +5.5V Single-Supply Operation
♦ Rail-to-Rail® Signal Handling
♦ Low Crosstalk: -95dB (100kHz)
♦ High Off-Isolation: -90dB (100kHz)
♦ 1.8V Logic Compatible
________________________Applications
MP3 Players
Cellular Phones
Power Routing
Battery-Operated Equipment
Relay Replacement
Audio and Video Signal Routing
Communications Circuits
PCMCIA Cards
Cellular Phones
Hard Drives
Ordering Information
TEMP
RANGE
-40°C to +85°C
-40°C to +85°C
-40°C to +85°C
PART
MAX4686EBT-T
MAX4687EBT-T
MAX4688EBT-T
BUMPPACKAGE
6 UCSP-6
6 UCSP-6
6 UCSP-6
TOP
MARK
AAI
AAJ
AAK
Pin Configurations/Functional Diagrams/Truth Table
TOP VIEW
V+
B1
A1
NO
V+
B1
A1
NC
V+
B1
A1
NO
SWITCHES SHOWN FOR LOGIC "0"
IN
B2
A2
I.C.
IN
B2
A2
I.C.
IN
B2
A2
COM
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
GND
B3
A3
COM
GND
B3
A3
COM
GND
B3
A3
NC
MAX4686
SPST NO
MAX4687
SPST NC
IN
NO
0
OFF
ON
1
ON
OFF
NC
MAX4688
SPDT
Rail-to-Rail is a registered trademark of Nippon Motorola, Ltd.
UCSP is a trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at
1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
1
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
General Description
The MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688 low on-resistance
(RON), low-voltage analog switches operate from a single +1.8V to +5.5V supply. The MAX4686/MAX4687 are
single-pole/single-throw (SPST) analog switches, and
the MAX4688 is a single-pole/double-throw (SPDT) analog switch. The MAX4686 is a normally open (NO)
switch, and the MAX4687 is a normally closed (NC)
switch. The MAX4688 has one normally open (NO)
switch and one normally closed (NC) switch.
When powered from a 3V supply these devices feature
2.5Ω (max) RON, with 0.4Ω (max) RON matching and 1Ω
(max) flatness. The MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688 offer
fast switching speeds (tON = 30ns max, tOFF = 12ns
max). The MAX4688 offers break-before-make action.
The digital logic inputs are 1.8V logic compatible from a
+2.7V to +3.3V supply. The MAX4686/MAX4687/
MAX4688 are available in the chip-scale package
(UCSP™), significantly reducing the required PC board
area. The chip occupies only a 1.50mm x 1.02mm area.
The 3 x 2 array of solder bumps are spaced with a
0.5mm bump pitch.
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
2.5Ω, Low-Voltage, SPST/SPDT
Analog Switches in UCSP Package
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
All Voltages Referenced to GND
V+, IN .......................................................................-0.3V to +6V
COM, NO, NC (Note1)..................................-0.3V to (V+ + 0.3V)
Continuous Current NO, NC, COM ................................±100mA
Peak Current NO, NC, COM
(pulsed at 1ms, 10% duty cycle) ...............................±200mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
3 x 2 UCSP (derate 10.1mW/°C at +70°C) ..................808mW
Operating Temperature Range ...........................-40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range ............................-65°C to +150°C
Bump Reflow Temperature .............................................+235°C
Note 1: Signals on NO, NC, and COM exceeding V+ are clamped by an internal diode. Limit forward-diode current to maximum current rating.
Note 2: This device is constructed using a unique set of packaging techniques that impose a limit on the thermal profile the device
can be exposed to during board level solder attach and rework. This limit permits only the use of the solder profiles recommended in the industry standard specification, JEDEC 020A, paragraph 7.6, Table 3 for IR/VPR and convection reflow.
Preheating is requied. Hand or wave soldering is not allowed.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(V+ = +2.7V to +3.3V, VIH = +1.4V, VIL = 0.5V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at 3V and TA = +25°C.)
(Notes 3, 4)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
TA
MIN
TMIN to
TMAX
0
TYP
MAX
UNITS
V+
V
ANALOG SWITCH
Analog Signal Range
VCOM, VNO,
VNC
+25°C
On-Resistance
On-Resistance Match
Between Channels
(MAX4688 only)
(Note 5)
RON
V+ = 2.7V, VNC = 0 to V+,
ICOM = 10mA
1.5
TMIN to
TMAX
3.5
+25°C
∆RON
V+ = 2.7V, VNO or VNC = 1.5V,
ICOM = 10mA
0.3
RFLAT(ON)
V+ = 2.7V, VNO or VNC = 0 to V+,
ICOM = 10mA
NO, NC Off-Leakage
Current (Note 7)
INO(OFF),
INC(OFF)
V+ = 3.3V; VCOM = 0.3V or 3V;
VNO or VNC = 3V, 0.3V
COM Off-Leakage
Current (Note 7)
ICOM_(OFF)
V+ = 3.3V; VCOM = 0.3V or 3V;
VNO or VNC = 3V, 0.3V
COM On-Leakage
Current (Note 7)
ICOM_(ON)
V+ = 3.3V; VCOM = 3V or 0.3V;
VNO or VNC = 3V, 0.3V, or floating
Ω
0.4
Ω
TMIN to
TMAX
0.5
+25°C
On-Resistance Flatness
(Note 6)
2.5
0.5
TMIN to
TMAX
1
1
+25°C
-0.5
TMIN to
TMAX
-1
+25°C
-0.5
TMIN to
TMAX
-1
+25°C
-0.5
TMIN to
TMAX
-1
±0.01
+0.5
1
±0.01
nA
0.5
1
±0.01
Ω
nA
0.5
1
nA
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
+25°C
Turn-On Time (Note 7)
2
tON
VNO or VNC = 1.5V, Figure 2
20
TMIN to
TMAX
_______________________________________________________________________________________
30
35
ns
2.5Ω, Low-Voltage, SPST/SPDT
Analog Switches in UCSP Package
(V+ = +2.7V to +3.3V, VIH = +1.4V, VIL = 0.5V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at 3V and TA = +25°C.)
(Notes 3, 4)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
TA
MIN
+25°C
Turn-Off Time (Note 7)
tOFF
VNO or VNC = 1.5V, Figure 2
TMIN to
TMAX
Break-Before-Make
(MAX4688 only) (Note 7)
tBBM
VNO, VNC = 1.5V, Figure 3
TMIN to
TMAX
TYP
MAX
10
12
15
+25°C
UNITS
ns
8
ns
2
VGEN = 0, RGEN = 0,
CL = 1.0nF, Figure 4
+25°C
40
pC
BW
Signal = 0dBm, 50Ω in and out,
Figure 5
+25°C
200
MHz
Off-Isolation (Note 8)
VISO
CL = 5pF, RL = 50Ω, f = 100kHz,
Figure 5
+25°C
-90
dB
Crosstalk (MAX4688
only) (Note 9)
VCR
CL = 5pF, RL = 50Ω, f = 100kHz,
Figure 5
+25°C
-95
dB
Total Harmonic
Distortion
THD
RL = 600Ω, 2Vp-p, f = 20Hz to 20kHz
+25°C
0.06
%
Charge Injection
Q
On-Channel -3dB
Bandwidth
NO, NC OffCapacitance
CNO(OFF),
CNC(OFF)
f = 1MHz, Figure 6
+25°C
12
pF
COM Off-Capacitance
CCOM(OFF)
f = 1MHz, Figure 6
+25°C
12
pF
C(ON)
f = 1MHz, Figure 6
+25°C
35
pF
Switch On-Capacitance
DIGITAL I/O
Input Logic High
VIH
TMIN to
TMAX
Input Logic Low
VIL
TMIN to
TMAX
Logic Input
Leakage Current
IIH, IIL
VIN = 0 or V+
1.4
V
0.5
V
TMIN to
TMAX
-1
1
µA
TMIN to
TMAX
1.8
5.5
V
TMIN to
TMAX
-1
1
µA
POWER SUPPLY
Power-Supply Range
V+
Supply Current
I+
V+ = 3.3V, VIN = 0 or V+
Note 3: The algebraic convention, where the most negative value is a minimum and the most positive value a maximum, is used in
this data sheet.
Note 4: UCSP parts are 100% tested at +25°C only and guaranteed by correlation at the full hot-rated temperature.
Note 5: ∆RON = RON(MAX) - RON(MIN), between switches.
Note 6: Flatness is defined as the difference between the maximum and minimum value of on-resistance as measured over the
specified analog signal ranges.
Note 7: Guaranteed by design.
Note 8: Off Isolation = 20log10 (VCOM / VNO), VCOM = output, VNO = input to off switch.
Note 9: Between switches.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Typical Operating Characteristics
(TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
ON-RESISTANCE vs. VCOM (V+ = +3V)
V+ = +1.8V
3.5
8
3.0
MAX4686/7/8 toc02
MAX4686/7/8 toc01
10
TA = +85°C
2.5
6
V+ = +2.7V
2.5
4
2.0
2
1.5
0
1.0
RON (Ω)
3.0
RON (Ω)
SUPPLY CURRENT (pA)
ON-RESISTANCE vs. VCOM
4.0
V+ = +3.3V
MAX4686/7/8 toc03
SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
12
TA = +25°C
2.0
1.5
TA = -40°C
1.0
V+ = +5V
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
VCOM (V)
ON-RESISTANCE vs. VCOM (V+ = +5V)
LOGIC THRESHOLD VOLTAGE
vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
TA = +85°C
1.9
1.7
TA = +25°C
1.5
1.3
1.1
TA = -40°C
0.9
2.0
2.5
3.0
VIN RISING
1.5
30
25
1.0
VIN FALLING
20
tON
15
tOFF
10
0.5
5
0
0
1
2
3
4
0
1.5
5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
V+ (V)
TURN-ON/OFF TIME vs. TEMPERATURE
ON/OFF-LEAKAGE CURRENT
vs. TEMPERATURE
12
tON
9
tOFF
6
3
0
V+ = +3V
100
-15
10
35
TEMPERATURE (°C)
60
85
3
4
5
6
CHARGE INJECTION vs. VCOM
80
V+ = +5V
60
ICOMON
10
INOOFF,
INCOFF
1
V+ = +3V
40
20
0.1
-40
2
V+ (V)
Q (pC)
15
1
MAX4686/7/8 toc08
V+ = +3V
1000
ON/OFF-LEAKAGE CURRENT (pA)
MAX4686/7/8 toc07
VCOM (V)
5.5
MAX4686/7/8 toc09
0.5
4
1.5
TURN-ON/OFF TIME vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
0.7
18
1.0
35
MAX4686/7/8 toc05
2.1
0.5
VCOM (V)
2.0
LOGIC THRESHOLD VOLTAGE (V)
MAX4686/7/8 toc04
2.3
0
5
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
2.5
RON (Ω)
0.5
0
MAX4686/7/8 toc06
1
tON/OFF (ns)
0
tON/OFF (ns)
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
2.5Ω, Low-Voltage, SPST/SPDT
Analog Switches in UCSP Package
0
-40
-15
10
35
TEMPERATURE (°C)
60
85
0
1
2
VCOM (V)
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3
4
5
2.5Ω, Low-Voltage, SPST/SPDT
Analog Switches in UCSP Package
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS
NOISE vs. FREQUENCY
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
ON-RESPONSE
-20
MAX4686/7/8 toc11
1
MAX4686/7/8 toc10
0
OFF-ISOLATION
THD + N (%)
LOSS (dB)
-40
-60
0.1
-80
CROSSTALK
-100
0.01
-120
0.01
0.1
1
10
10
100
100
10k
1k
100k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Pin Description
BUMP
MAX4686
MAX4687
MAX4688
B1
B1
B1
NAME
FUNCTION
V+
Positive Supply Voltage Input
Digital Control Input
B2
B2
B2
IN
B3
B3
B3
GND
—
A1
A3
NC
A3
A3
A2
COM
A1
—
A1
NO
Analog Switch, Normally Open Terminal
A2
A2
—
I.C.
Internally Connected
Ground
Analog Switch, Normally Closed Terminal
Analog Switch, Common Terminal
Applications Information
POSITIVE SUPPLY
Logic Inputs
D1
V+
MAX4686
MAX4687
MAX4688
NO
COM
Where the MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688 have a +3.3V
supply, IN may be driven low to GND and driven high
to 5.5V. Driving IN rail-to-rail minimizes power consumption. Logic inputs accept up to +5.5V regardless
of supply voltage.
Analog Signal Levels
Vg
GND
Figure 1. Overvoltage Protection Using External Blocking
Diodes
Analog signals that range over the entire supply voltage (V+ to GND) are passed with very little change in
R ON (see Typical Operating Characteristics). The
switches are bidirectional, so the NO, NC, and COM
pins are both inputs or outputs.
Power-Supply Sequencing
and Overvoltage Protection
CAUTION: Do not exceed the absolute maximum
ratings because stresses beyond the listed ratings
may cause permanent damage to devices.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
5
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
2.5Ω, Low-Voltage, SPST/SPDT
Analog Switches in UCSP Package
Proper power-supply sequencing is recommended for all
CMOS devices. Always apply V+ before applying analog
signals, especially if the analog signal is not current limited. If this sequencing is not possible, and if the analog
inputs are not current limited to <20mA, add a small-signal diode (D1) as shown in Figure 1. Adding a protection
diode reduces the analog range to a diode drop (about
0.7V) below V+ (for D1). RON increases slightly at low
supply voltages. Maximum supply voltage (V+) must not
exceed +6V.Protection diode D1 also protects against
some overvoltage situations. No damage will result on
Figure 1’s circuit if the supply voltage is below the
absolute maximum rating and if a fault voltage up to the
absolute maximum rating is applied to an analog signal
pin.
UCSP Package Consideration
For general UCSP package information and PC layout
considerations, please refer to the Maxim Application
Note (Wafer-Level Ultra-Chip-Board-Scale Package).
UCSP Reliability
The chip-scale package (UCSP) represents a unique
packaging form factor that may not perform equally to a
packaged product through traditional mechanical reliability tests. CSP reliability is integrally linked to the user’s
assembly methods, circuit board material, and usage
environment. The user should closely review these areas
when considering use of a CSP package. Performance
through Operating Life Test and Moisture Resistance
remains uncompromised as it is primarily determined by
the wafer-fabrication process.
Mechanical stress performance is a greater consideration for a CSP package. CSPs are attached through
direct solder contact to the user’s PC board, foregoing
the inherent stress relief of a packaged product lead
frame. Solder joint contact integrity must be considered.
Information on Maxim’s qualification plan, test data, and
recommendations are detailed in the UCSP application
note, which can be found on Maxim’s website at
www.maxim-ic.com.
Test Circuits/Timing Diagrams
MAX4686
MAX4687
MAX4688
V+
V+
COM_
NO_
OR NC
VIN_
LOGIC
INPUT
50%
0
VOUT
RL
50Ω
CL
35pF
t OFF
IN_
VOUT
GND
LOGIC
INPUT
SWITCH
OUTPUT
(
0.9 x V0UT
0.9 x VOUT
0
t ON
CL INCLUDES FIXTURE AND STRAY CAPACITANCE.
RL
RL + RON
VOUT = VN_
t r < 5ns
t f < 5ns
V+
LOGIC INPUT WAVEFORMS INVERTED FOR SWITCHES
THAT HAVE THE OPPOSITE LOGIC SENSE.
)
Figure 2. Switching Time
V+
MAX4688
LOGIC
INPUT
V+
VN_
50%
tr < 5ns
tf < 5ns
0
NC_
VOUT
COM_
NO_
RL
300Ω
IN_
LOGIC
INPUT
V+
CL
35pF
GND
0.9 x VOUT
VOUT
tD
CL INCLUDES FIXTURE AND STRAY CAPACITANCE.
Figure 3. Break-Before-Make Interval (MAX4688 only)
6
_______________________________________________________________________________________
2.5Ω, Low-Voltage, SPST/SPDT
Analog Switches in UCSP Package
V+
MAX4686
MAX4687
MAX4688
∆VOUT
V+
RGEN
VOUT
COM_
NC_
OR NO_
VOUT
IN
OFF
CL
V GEN
GND
OFF
ON
IN_
OFF
IN
VIL TO VIH
ON
OFF
Q = (∆V OUT )(C L )
IN DEPENDS ON SWITCH CONFIGURATION;
INPUT POLARITY DETERMINED BY SENSE OF SWITCH.
Figure 4. Charge Injection
+5V 10nF
V
OFF-ISOLATION = 20log OUT
VIN
NETWORK
ANALYZER
0V OR V+
V+
IN_
NC_
50Ω
MAX4686
MAX4687
MAX4688
50Ω
VIN
COM
V
ON-LOSS = 20log OUT
VIN
50Ω
CROSSTALK = 20log
VOUT
NO
GND
MEAS
REF
50Ω
VOUT
VIN
50Ω
MEASUREMENTS ARE STANDARDIZED AGAINST SHORTS AT IC TERMINALS.
OFF-ISOLATION IS MEASURED BETWEEN COM_ AND "OFF" NO_ OR NC_ TERMINAL ON EACH SWITCH.
ON-LOSS IS MEASURED BETWEEN COM_ AND "ON" NO_ OR NC_ TERMINAL ON EACH SWITCH.
CROSSTALK IS MEASURED FROM ONE CHANNEL TO ALL OTHER CHANNELS.
SIGNAL DIRECTION THROUGH SWITCH IS REVERSED; WORST VALUES ARE RECORDED.
Figure 5. Off-Isolation/On-Channel Bandwidth, Crosstalk
10nF
Chip Information
V+
TRANSISTOR COUNT: 150
V+
COM_
MAX4686
MAX4687
MAX4688
IN
CAPACITANCE
METER
f = 1MHz
NC_ or
NO_
VIL
OR
VIH
GND
Figure 6. Channel Off/On-Capacitance
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
Test Circuits/Timing Diagrams (continued)
Package Information
(The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications. For the latest package outline information,
go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages.
6L, UCSP.EPS
MAX4686/MAX4687/MAX4688
2.5Ω, Low-Voltage, SPST/SPDT
Analog Switches in UCSP Package
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
8 _____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600
© 2003 Maxim Integrated Products
Printed USA
is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.
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