MAX6662

MAX6662
19-2121; Rev 0; 7/01
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
Features
♦ 12-Bit + Sign, 0.0625°C Resolution
♦ Accuracy
±1°C max (+30°C to +50°C)
±1.6°C max (0°C to +70°C)
±2.5°C max (-20°C to +85°C)
±2.5 typ (+150°C)
♦ Extended Temperature Measurement Range
-55°C to +150°C
♦ Low Average Supply Current, 125µA (typ)
♦ Shutdown Mode to Minimize Power Consumption
in Portable Applications
♦ Two Programmable Temperature Fault Outputs
♦ Switchable Fault Queue to Eliminate False
Tripping in Noisy Environments
Ordering Information
Applications
HVAC
Refrigeration
PART
TEMP. RANGE
PIN-PACKAGE
MAX6662MSA
-55°C to +150°C
8 SO
Automotive
Test Equipment
Pin Configuration
Typical Operating Circuit
VCC = +3V TO +5.5V
TOP VIEW
0.1µF
10kΩ
10kΩ
VCC
MAX6662
SIO
SCLK
8
VCC
CS
2
7
NC
3
6
ALERT
GND 4
5
OT
SIO
SYSTEM
CONTROLLER
ALERT
1
MAX6662
OT
HEAT
SOURCES
SCLK
SO
CS
SPI is a trademark of Motorola, Inc.
________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim/Dallas Direct! at
1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
1
MAX6662
General Description
The MAX6662 is a 12-bit + sign temperature sensor
combined with a programmable overtemperature alarm
and a 3-wire (SPI™-compatible) serial interface in a single package. It converts its die temperature into digital
values using an internal analog-to-digital converter
(ADC). The temperature data is stored in a temperature
register as a 13-bit word, which allows 0.0625°C resolution. The temperature data is readable at any time
through the serial interface. The operating temperature
range is -55°C to +150°C.
The MAX6662 provides two programmable watchdog
interrupt outputs. ALERT is used for lower temperature
warning functions, while OT is used for higher temperature-critical functions, such as power-supply shutdown.
The MAX6662 features a shutdown mode that saves
power by disabling everything except the serial interface. The temperature sensor is available in an 8-pin SO
package.
MAX6662
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
All Voltages Are Referenced to GND
VCC ...........................................................................-0.3V to +6V
ALERT, OT................................................................-0.3V to +6V
SIO, SCLK, CS............................................-0.3V to (VCC + 0.3V)
SIO Current .......................................................-10mA to +50mA
Continuous Current into Any Pin (except NC)….................10mA
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C)
8-Pin SO (derate 5.9mW/°C above +70°C)..................471mW
Operating Temperature Range (Note 1) ..........-55°C to +150°C
Junction Temperature ......................................................+150°C
Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C
Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C
Note 1: The MAX6662 is not recommended to operate above +125°C for an extended period of time.
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VCC = +3V to +5.5V, TA = -55°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C and VCC = +3.3V.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
+30°C ≤ TA ≤ +50°C, VCC = +3.3V
-1.0
±0.4
+1.0
0°C ≤ TA ≤ +70°C, VCC = +3.3V
-1.6
±0.7
+1.6
-20°C ≤ TA ≤ +85°C, VCC = +3.3V
-2.5
±1.0
+2.5
-40°C ≤ TA ≤ +100°C, VCC = +3.3V
-3.0
±1.2
+3.0
-55°C ≤ TA ≤ +125°C, VCC = +3.3V
-4.0
±1.5
+4.0
UNITS
TEMPERATURE TO DIGITAL-CONVERTER CHARACTERISTICS
Accuracy
TA ≤ +150°C, VCC = +3.3V
Power-Supply Rejection Ratio
±2.5
PSRR
0.2
Resolution
Supply Voltage Range
Average Operating Current
Peak Operating Current (Note 2)
Shutdown Supply Current
Power-On-Reset Threshold
3.0
VCC = +5.5V
150
125
°C/V
°C
5.5
VCC = +3.0V
V
µA
VCC = +5.5V
300
600
VCC = +3.0V
300
500
VCC = +5.5V
8
22
VCC = +3.0V
4
15
2.0
2.5
µA
µA
VPOR
Power-On-Reset Threshold
Hysteresis
Conversion Time
0.5
0.0625
VCC
°C
90
tCONV
Temperature Update Frequency
V
mV
0.25
s
2
Hz
SERIAL INTERFACE (SIO, SCLK, CS, ALERT, OT)
Input Low Voltage
VIL
Input High Voltage
VIH
Input/Output Leakage Current
2
ILEAK
0.8
V
+5
µA
0.7 VCC
VIN = GND or VCC
-5
3
Input Capacitance
Cin
Output Low Sink Current
IOL
ALERT, OT, VOL = 0.6V
Output High Voltage
VOH
ISIO = 1.6mA source
Output Low Voltage
VOL
ISIO = 1.6mA sink
V
5
pF
mA
VCC - 0.4
_______________________________________________________________________________________
V
0.4
V
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
(VCC = +3V to +5.5V, TA = -55°C to +125°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C and VCC = +3.3V.)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
2.5
MHz
SERIAL INTERFACE TIMING
Serial Clock Frequency
fSCLK
SCLK High Pulse Width
tCH
200
ns
SCLK Low Pulse Width
tCL
200
ns
CS High Pulse Width
tCSW
SCLK Fall to Output Data Valid
tDO
CS Fall to SCLK Rise
tCSS
CS Rise to Output Disable
200
100
ns
100
tTR
CS to SCLK Hold Time
ns
CLOAD = 100pF
ns
CLOAD = 100pF
100
ns
tCSH
0
ns
SIO to SCLK Setup Time
tDS
100
ns
SIO to SCLK Hold Time
tDH
0
Output Fall Time
ns
tF
10
ns
Note 2: Peak operating current measured during conversion.
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VCC = +3V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
VCC = +3.0V
0
-1
VCC = +5.0V
VCC = +3.3V
70
NOTE: DEVICES
TRIMMED AT
TA = +30°C
200 SAMPLES
TA = +30°C
60
50
40
30
20
MAX6662 toc02
80
200
AVERAGE OVER 2
180
SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)
1
90
PERCENTAGE OF SAMPLES (%)
2
SUPPLY CURRENT VS. TEMPERATURE
TEMPERATURE ERROR DISTRIBTUTION
MAX6662 toc01
TEMPERATURE ERROR (°C)
3
VCC = +5.0V
160
140
VCC = +3.3V
120
-2
VCC = +3.0V
10
-3
MAX6662 toc03
TEMPERATURE ERROR
VS. TEMPERATURE
100
0
-50 -30 -10 10 30 50 70 90 110 130 150
-0.45-0.35 -0.25 -0.15 0.05 0.15 0.25 0.35 0.45
TEMPERATURE (°C)
TEMPERATURE ERROR (°C)
-50
0
50
100
150
TEMPERATURE (°C)
_______________________________________________________________________________________
3
MAX6662
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VCC = +3V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
SHUTDOWN CURRENT
VS. TEMPERATURE
MAX6662 toc04
12
10
SHUTDOWN CURRENT (µA)
MAX6662
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
VCC = +5.0V
8
6
VCC = +3.3V
4
2
VCC = +3.0V
0
-50
0
50
100
150
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Pin Description
PIN
NAME
FUNCTION
1
SCLK
2
CS
Chip Select Input. Set low to enable the serial interface for data input/output.
3
SIO
Serial-Data Input/Output. Bidirectional data input and output for serial interface.
4
GND
5
OT
6
ALERT
Serial-Clock Input
Ground
Overtemperature Output. Open-drain output requires a pullup resistor to VCC.
Alert Output. Open-drain output requires a pullup resistor to VCC.
7
NC
No Connection. Do not make a connection to this pin.
8
VCC
Supply Voltage Input. Bypass to GND with a 0.1µF capacitor as close to VCC as possible.
Detailed Description
The MAX6662 continuously converts its die temperature into a digital value using its integrated ADC.
Temperature data is updated twice a second. The
resulting data is readable at any time through the SPIcompatible serial interface.
Figure 1 shows the simplified functional diagram of the
MAX6662. Its internal current sources force 100µA and
10µA currents through a diode (diode-connected transistor), while the integrating ADC measures the voltage
difference. The difference in voltage corresponds to the
die temperature. The result is stored in the Temperature
register. The control logic unit compares the temperature and the temperature limit settings stored in the registers to determine whether a fault condition has
occurred.
4
Temperature Fault Alert
The ALERT is an open-drain active-low (default, also
programmable active-high) output used to alert the system to temperature faults. ALERT can be programmed
to operate in either one of two modes: comparator or
interrupt mode.
Interrupt Mode
In the interrupt mode, the MAX6662 ALERT pin asserts
an alarm for an undertemperature (TLOW) fault, as well
as for an overtemperature (THIGH) fault. Once either
fault has occurred, it remains active indefinitely, regardless of condition. ALERT is unconditionally deasserted
(even if Temperature is still out of limits) by reading the
temperature register. ALERT only asserts again if the
temperature crosses the hysteresis, thereby corresponding to the fault (TLOW or THIGH) that initially set
the ALERT.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
MAX6662
VCC
OT
12 -BIT
+ SIGN
ADC
ALERT
TEMPERATURE TLOW
THIGH
TMAX
THYST CONFIGURATION
SIO
SCLK
SERIAL INTERFACE
CS
Figure 1. MAX6662 Simplified Functional Diagram
For example: If THIGH is set to 100°C and THYST is set
to 20°C, ALERT does not assert until temperature
exceeds 100°C. If the temperature is then read through
the serial interface, ALERT deasserts. ALERT asserts
again when temperature is less than 80°C (Figure 2).
Comparator Mode
In the comparator mode, ALERT is asserted when temperature exceeds the value in the THIGH register, or is
lower than the value in the T LOW register. ALERT
deasserts when temperature is less than THIGH - THYST
or greater than TLOW + THYST. Reading the registers
does not deassert ALERT.
For example: If THIGH is set to 100°C and TLOW is set
to 80°C, ALERT does not assert until temperature
exceeds 100°C, or is below 80°C. Then, ALERT only
deasserts if temperature is less than THIGH - THYST or
greater than TLOW + THYST.
Overtemperature Alert
OT operates only in comparator mode. The OT pin is
asserted when the temperature exceeds TMAX, and
deasserted when the temperature drops below
TMAX - THYST. A read operation does not reset OT.
OT is an open-drain active-low (default) output, but can
be programmed to active-high.
THIGH
THIGH - THYST
TEMPERATURE
TLOW + THYST
TLOW
ALERT
* TEMPERATURE READ
*
*
*
LAST INTERRUPT MISSED, BUT
THRESHOLD STILL CHANGES TO THIGH.
Figure 2. Example of ALERT Operation in Interrupt Mode
_______________________________________________________________________________________
5
MAX6662
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
Temperature Fault Queue
Serial Interface Protocol
The activation of ALERT and OT is subject to the depth
of the fault queue. If the Fault Queue bit in the
Configuration register is enabled, ALERT or OT does
not assert until four consecutive temperature conversions are at fault.
For example: If THIGH is set to 100°C, THYST is set to
20°C, ALERT is set to interrupt mode, and fault queue
is enabled, ALERT does not assert until four consecutive conversions exceed 100°C. If the temperature is
then read through the serial interface, ALERT
deasserts. ALERT asserts again when four consecutive
conversions are less than 80°C.
The serial interface consists of three signal lines: chip
select (CS), bidirectional data line (SIO), and serial
clock (SCLK). Only the master (external) drives CS and
SCLK. Both the master and the MAX6662 drive SIO.
When CS is high, the MAX6662 does not respond to any
activity on clock and data lines. When CS goes low, a
transaction begins. A valid transaction has 24 clock
cycles provided from SCLK after CS goes low—no more
and no fewer. Any communication with more or fewer
than exactly 24 clocks is ignored. Data is clocked in to
the MAX6662 at the rising edge of SCLK when the master is writing. Data is clocked out at the falling edge of
SCLK when the master is reading. Both the command
byte and data word are clocked in (or out) with the
most-significant bit (MSB) bit first. The first eight clock
cycles are dedicated to the command byte (1 bit per
cycle). This command byte is input to the MAX6662
through the SIO. Sixteen cycles of data follow. The 16
cycles of data are either driven by the master or by the
MAX6662, depending on the command byte. If the
MAX6662 is driving the SIO, it starts driving at the
falling edge of the eighth clock up until the rising edge
of CS. Data is available on the falling edge of the eighth
clock cycle. Figure 3 depicts a valid serial interface
transaction and Figure 4 is the serial interface timing
diagram.
Shutdown Mode
The MAX6662 features a programmable shutdown
mode. Set the Shutdown bit in the Configuration register
to 1 to shut down. In the shutdown mode, everything is
disabled except the power-on reset (POR) and the serial interface. In the shutdown mode, information stored
in all registers is retained. The Temperature register
retains the temperature from the last conversion result.
CS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
23 24
tCSW
SCLK
CS
SIO
COMMAND BYTE (8 BITS)
DATA WORD (16 BITS)
tCSH
tCSS
SCLK
tCH
SIO
tCL
tTR
tDS
Figure 3. MAX6662 Serial Interface Operation
tDO
tF
tDH
Figure 4. Detailed Serial Interface Timing Diagram
Table 1. Bit Descriptions of the Configuration Register
BIT
6
POR
DESCRIPTION
15 to 13
0
Reserved. Writing to these bits is ignored.
12
0
Fault Queue bit. Set to 1 to enable queue.
11
0
ALERT polarity bit. Set to 1 for active-high ALERT output. Default is 0 for the ALERT output active-low.
10
0
OT polarity bit. Set to 1 for active-high OT output. Default is 0 for the OT output active-low.
9
0
Interrupt Mode bit. Set to 1 to enable the interrupt mode. Default is 0 for the comparator mode.
8
0
Shutdown bit. Set to 1 to shut down the MAX6662.
7 to 0
0
Reserved. Writing to these bits is ignored.
_______________________________________________________________________________________
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
COMMAND
DESCRIPTION
C1h
Temperature register read
C3h
Configuration register read
C5h
THYST register read
C7h
TMAX register read
C9h
TLOW register read
MAX6662 Registers
CBh
THIGH register read
The MAX6662 has six registers: Temperature, Configuration, THYST, TMAX, TLOW, and THIGH registers. They are
all 16 bits (Figure 5). The Temperature register is read
only; all other registers can be read from or written to.
83h
Configuration register write
85h
THYST register write
87h
TMAX register write
89h
TLOW register write
8Bh
THIGH register write
Temperature Register
The MSB of the Temperature register is the sign bit. The
next 12 bits are temperature data. The digital temperature data for the most recent temperature conversion is
TEMPERATURE REGISTER (COMMAND = C1H)
14
Data
MSB
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
Label
15
Sign
Bit
POR
State
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Label
POR
State
1
0
3
2
Data TOVER THIGH TLOW
LSB Flag Flag Flag
0
0
0
CONFIGURATION REGISTER (COMMAND = C3H FOR READING; COMMAND = 83H FOR WRITING)
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
*
*
*
Fault
ALERT
OT
Interrupt Shutdown *
*
*
*
*
*
Queue
Polarity
Polarity
Mode
Mode
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
*
0
*
0
0
TEMPERATURE LIMIT REGISTERS (THYST, TMAX, TLOW, THIGH) (TABLE 2)
Label
15
Sign
14
Data
MSB
13
12
11
POR
State
10
9
8
7
Data
LSB
6
*
5
*
4
*
3
*
2
*
1
*
0
*
**
* Reserved (not used). Writing to this bit is ignored.
** THYST register: 0000 0001 0000 0000b (2°C)
** TMAX register: 0010 1000 0000 0000b (+80°C)
** TLOW register: 0000 0101 0000 0000b (+10°C)
** THIGH register: 0010 0000 0000 0000b (+64°C)
Figure 5. Bit Assignment for the MAX6662 Registers
_______________________________________________________________________________________
7
MAX6662
The first bit of the command byte is always high to signify a Start, and the second bit is an R/W bit, high for
read and low for write. There are a total of 11 valid
commands. The temperature conversion runs continuously and asynchronously from the serial interface.
When the Temperature register is read, any conversion
in progress is aborted and the data output is from the
previous conversion. A new conversion is started each
time the serial interface is accessed.
Table 2. Command Codes for the
Temperature Limit Registers
MAX6662
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
Table 3. Output Code vs. Temperature
TEMPERATURE (°C)
BINARY CODE
+150.0000
0100 1011 0000 0xxx
+125.0000
0011 1110 1000 0xxx
+25.0000
0000 1100 1000 0xxx
+0.0625
0000 0000 0000 1xxx
0.0000
0000 0000 0000 0xxx
-0.0625
1111 1111 1111 1xxx
-25.0000
1111 0011 0111 0xxx
-55.0000
1111 1100 0111 0xxx
stored in the Temperature register and is in °C, using a
two’s-complement format with 1LSB corresponding to
0.0625°C (Table 3). The three least-significant bits (LSBs)
are temperature status (flag) bits. The Temperature register is read only. Set the command byte to C1h for reading
the Temperature register.
Configuration Register
The Configuration register uses only 5 bits, bits 8 to 12.
Table 1 describes its function. Bit 8 is the shutdown bit
and should be set to 1 to shut down the entire
MAX6662 except the serial interface and POR. Bit 12 is
the fault queue bit. When the Fault Queue bit is 1, the
ALERT and OT outputs are asserted if four consecutive
temperature faults occurred. The Configuration register
can be read or written to. Writing to unused bits is
ignored. Set the command byte to C3h for reading from
this register; set the command byte to 83h for writing to
this register.
The MAX6662 supply current is typically 125µA when
the serial interface is active. When driving high-impedance loads, the devices dissipate negligible power;
therefore, the die temperature is essentially the same
as the package temperature. The key to accurate temperature monitoring is good thermal contact between
the MAX6662 package and the monitored device or circuit. Heat flows in and out of plastic packages primarily
through the leads. Short, wide copper traces leading to
the temperature monitor ensure that heat transfers
quickly and reliably. The rise in die temperature due to
self-heating is given by the following formula:
∆TJ = PDISSIPATION x θJA
where P DISSIPATION is the power dissipated by the
MAX6662, and θJA is the package’s thermal resistance.
The typical thermal resistance is +170°C/W for the
8-pin SO package. To limit the effects of self-heating,
minimize the output currents. For example, if the
MAX6662 sinks 4mA with the maximum ALERT voltage
specification of 0.8V, an additional 3.2mW of power is
dissipated within the IC. This corresponds to a 0.54°C
rise in the die temperature.
Chip Information
TRANSISTOR COUNT: Bipolar: 182
MOS: 10177
PROCESS: BiCMOS
Temperature-Limit Registers
The High-Temperature (T HIGH ), Low-Temperature
(TLOW), and the Hysteresis (THYST) registers set the
temperature limit for triggering the ALERT (Figure 1).
The Maximum-Temperature (TMAX) and Hysteresis registers set the temperature threshold for the OT output.
These temperature-limit registers use the 9MSB bits
(8 bits + sign) for setting temperature values in two’s
complement format with 1°C resolution. The 7LSBs are
ignored. These registers can be read or written to.
Table 2 shows the command bytes for reading and
writing to these registers.
Applications Information
8
_______________________________________________________________________________________
12-Bit + Sign Temperature Sensor with
SPI-Compatible Serial Interface
SOICN.EPS
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.
Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600 _____________________ 9
© 2001 Maxim Integrated Products
Printed USA
is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products.
MAX6662
Package Information
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement