FLOW-THROUGH FURNACE HUMIDIFIER Model 5000 Installation/Operating Instructions 2 Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ANSWER: This model will deliver 12 US Gallons (10 Imp. Gallons, 45.5 Litres) per 24 hrs of operation.. QUESTION: Why use a flow-through style humidifier rather than a drum style humidifier? COMMENT: 24 Hrs of operation means continues humidifier operation. This unit delivers sufficient moisture to humidify the average home up to 3200 sq ft. The humidifier will ensure that when your furnace is heating it is delivering humidified air to your home. ANSWER: This will depend on several factors including size of home, type of furnace, and size of ducting; as well as personal preference. However in order to use this model flow through you will require at least 10" wide ducting where as our drum styles will fit on 8" wide ducting. COMMENT: Flow-through and rotating-drum style evaporative furnace humidifiers will safely and efficiently humidify 90% of homes which use forced air heating. As a manufacturer of both styles there are pro’s and con’s to be considered when choosing a flow through or drum style. A drum-style humidifier will typically have a higher output when compared to a flow through of equal size, however with today’s modern home construction and insulation techniques the higher capacities are not required, over humidification is something that should be well guarded against. Another point to consider is the fact that a drum style humidifier is 100% efficient (meaning that all the water supplied to the unit is delivered to the air) where as the flow through styles range anywhere from 30% to 40% efficient (meaning that for every gallon of water delivered to the air 2 gallons will be allowed to flow through). Today, indoor air quality (IAQ) is an issue on everybody’s mind and the inefficiency of flow through humidifiers is by design as the water flowing through serves to flush away any unwanted minerals and such leaving only clean water to be evaporated. The cost of maintaining (typically a evaporator pad once a year) and operating a flow through style is far less when compared to the cost of maintaining a drum style humidifier to ensure healthy and efficient operation. QUESTION: What type of furnaces will this humidifier work on? ANSWER: The unit will work on most forced air furnaces which incorporates a heating source, a supply duct, and a return duct. COMMENT: The technology used in this humidifier to deliver water to the air is not new, it is the simplest and easiest style a bypass type evaporative humidifier. Your furnace fan creates a pressure difference between the supply (hot) air and the return (cold) air. By installing a bypass tube between the supply and return air a small amount of air is forced (via the pressure difference)to flow from the supply duct through the humidifier’s evaporator pad and back into the return duct where it will mix with all the return air from your home. As the hot air passes through the evaporator pad it will “evaporator” moisture and deliver it to your home. What will differ from furnace to furnace or home to home is how much moisture or capacity you will get from the unit. There are many factors which will affect this: How old is your home? How old is your furnace? How well insulated is your home? For example, the capacity of the unit is 12 US gallons per 24 hours of operation. This is based on ARI standards (120°F hot air temp, 60°F water supply temp, 0.5" static pressure difference between supply and return) used by all humidifier manufacturers. If your furnace is a hi efficiency or pulse type furnace the hot air temperature may be less or the length of time the furnace burner is on may be less; therefore as a rule of thumb we would say you would get approx 75% to 80% of the rated output. Generally speaking high-efficient furnaces are used in homes which are very well insulated and therefore the 75% or 80% capacity will be more than enough to humidify the home. QUESTION: How much moisture does the humidifier deliver to the air in my home? QUESTION: How much water does this humidifier use? ANSWER: This humidifier incorporates a restrictor which meters the amount of water supplied to the unit. In a average home the unit will use 37 US Gallons (31 Imp. Gallons, 140 Litres) per 24 hrs of operation. COMMENT: Your furnace will not run continuously 24 hrs a day; in an average home the 36 gallons will be used over a 3 day period. QUESTION: I’m replacing an old humidifier on my furnace can I use the old components? ANSWER: You should replace all the components to ensure good operation. You may be able to utilize the existing duct cut outs for the new installation (see section in the instructions.) COMMENT: As a rule we like to see you change all the components, particularly the water supply tube, as over time minerals, solids, or sludge may have built up, these will very quickly clog the water inlet of the flow through, or over time the tube may have become worn or leaky. Replace the bypass duct as well there may be secondary dampers unseen which will block air or again there may be unseen wear which will cause air leaks. Same with electrical components or wiring these may be malfunctioning or worn out. If you have a humidifier which was interlocked with your furnace (meaning the humidifier only came on when the furnace came on) then the old transformer is getting power from the internal furnace wiring. You should leave this transformer and wiring in place; if this transformer is functioning and it is 24 Volts AC, you may be able to utilize it to control the new humidifier. QUESTION: I’ve installed the humidifier on my furnace and it is functioning properly but I do not feel anything and the humidistat reading is not changing, is the humidifier working? ANSWER: As long as there is hot air going through the humidifier and there is water getting to the evaporator pad moisture is being delivered to the air in your home. COMMENT: All year, and especially during the winter months when many combustion appliances are operating in your home, fresh air is required to ensure a healthy environment for your family. Do not think of your home as a sealed bubble, no matter how well insulated. All houses breath (some more than others) the cold outside air mixes with the air in your home constantly, even when your furnace is not running. A furnace humidifier will work to offset the constant effect the dry outside air has on your home, and your home’s furnishings. Throughout the winter there is a constant diminishing and replenishing of moisture levels in the home, conditions inside and out rarely remain stagnant for any length of time. Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier 3 INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS: MODEL 5000 FLOW THROUGH HUMIDIFIER • READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FULLY BEFORE INSTALLING THIS HUMIDIFIER. • SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS FOR REFERENCE. • WHEN DRILLING OR CUTTING INTO DUCTING BE EXTREMELY CAREFUL NOT TO DAMAGE AIRCONDITIONING COILS OR OTHER FURNACE APPARATUS. • Measuring tape or ruler • Medium-grit sand paper • Pencil • Tape • THIS UNIT MUST BE INSTALLED ON 10” WIDE DUCTING MINIMUM. • FOR THIS UNIT TO OPERATE PROPERLY YOUR FURNACE SHOULD ACHIEVE A HEATING TEMPERATURE OF AT LEAST 35°C IN ONE MINUTE. IF IT DOES NOT YOU MAY HAVE TO PURCHASE A PRESSURE ACTIVATION SWITCH (SOLD SEPARATELY) • DO NOT INSTALL THIS UNIT WHERE EXTREME TEMPERATURES EXIST (BELOW 45°F – ABOVE 145°F). • THIS UNIT REQUIRES A DRAIN TO ALLOW WATER TO FREELY RUN OFF. • FOR THIS UNIT TO OPERATE PROPERLY IT MUST BE INSTALLED ON A FORCED AIR HEATING SYSTEM WITH A SUPPLY DUCT and A RETURN DUCT. • THE HUMIDIFIER BODY and THE BYPASS COLLAR DAMPER ARE TO BE INSTALLED ON DUCTING ONLY. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES MOUNT EITHER COMPONENT TO THE FURNACE BODY. • ELECTRICAL WIRING, WATER SUPPLY and DRAIN TUBE MUST NOT KINK OR COME INTO CONTACT WITH SHARP EDGES OR HOT SURFACES. • IF REPLACING AN EXISTING FURNACE HUMIDIFIER, WE RECOMMEND YOU REPLACE ALL COMPONENTS TO ENSURE PROPER HUMIDIFIER OPERATION. • THE INSTALLATION OF THIS PRODUCT MUST COMPLY WITH NATIONAL AND LOCAL ELECTRICAL, PLUMBING, BUILDING, AND MECHANICAL CODES. REQUIRED TOOLS • Safety glasses SELECTION OF LOCATION TO MOUNT THE HUMIDIFIER All bypass type furnace humidifiers rely on the pressure difference which exists between the supply duct (hot air) and the return duct (cold air) to create and air-flow through the humidifier’s evaporator pad. The air will ALWAYS flow from HOT (high pressure) to COLD (low pressure). Selecting the proper location, and installing the humidifier properly as intended by the manufacturer is imperative for the proper operation of the humidifier – see illustrations below along with the brief explanations as to what is a good installation and what is not. • INSTALLATION TIP: Before starting fully plan out the installation. Check for the locations of the humidifier, bypass collar and damper, the length and type of ducting required, the water supply, the water drain, the electrical wiring, and a constant 120 volt outlet to plug in the transformer. This will ensure your installation goes as easy and quickly as possible. IDEAL INSTALLATION Figure 1 SUPPLY DUCT WARM AIR RETURN DUCT COLD AIR 10" wide duct minimum Damper fully open No more than 30" Bypass collar and unit level Bypass tube pulled tight and cut to length • Work gloves • Electric drill • Drill bits (3/8", 1/8", 5/64") Water flowing to drain • Tin snips • Full size Philips or Roberstons screw driver • Short handle Philips or Roberstons screw driver • Adjustable wrench • Utility knife • Pliers • Level 1. The humidifier body and bypass tube are installed at eye level, easily accessible for installation and routine maintenance. 2. The space between the humidifier body and bypass tube are no more than 30" to ensure maximum air flow through the humidifier. 3. The aluminum flex bypass tube are cut to the proper length and pulled tight to ensure maximum air flow. 4 Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier 4. The bypass damper is fully open. 5. The humidifier is mounted level on the duct. 6. There is nothing inside the duct behind the bypass collar and damper or the humidifier body. 1. The humidifier body and bypass collar and damper are not level. This will restrict air flow through the humidifier as well as create uneven air-flow over the evaporator pad and activating sensors. 7. The humidifier and bypass collar and damper are level. 2. The aluminum flex bypass tube is not cut to length and is sagging. This will result in reduced air-flow over the evaporator pad and will affect the performance of the activating sensors. BAD INSTALLATION BAD INSTALLATION Figure 2 SUPPLY DUCT WARM AIR RETURN DUCT COLD AIR Figure 4 SUPPLY DUCT WARM AIR RETURN DUCT COLD AIR Bypass damper not open Air conditioning A-frame blocking the air flow Unit installed too low Unit draining to a bucket 1. The humidifier body is installed too low and will be difficult to work on. 2. The humidifier body and bypass collar and damper are not level. This will restrict air-flow through the humidifier as well as create uneven air-flow over the evaporator pad and activating sensor. 3. The bypass damper is not fully open, This will restrict air flow through the humidifier and reduce output. 4. The humidifier is being drained to a bucket rather than a proper drain. This will result in damage to the home. BAD INSTALLATION Figure 3 SUPPLY DUCT WARM AIR RETURN DUCT COLD AIR Bypass collar and humidifier not parallel Sagging bypass tube 1. The bypass collar and damper are installed in front of the furnace’s air-conditioning coils. This will not only greatly affect the performance of the humidifier and cause malfunctions in the activating sensors, the homeowner risked damaging the air-conditioning coils. This would also be the case if the humidifier were installed in front of the air-conditioning coils. • INSTALLATION TIP: In this type of installation the installer should mount the bypass collar and damper at least 6" above the air-conditioning coils and use hard metal ducting and elbows (sold separately) rather than the flex tube. While the humidifier and bypass collar and damper will not be level the use of hard ducting rather than the flex ducting will make up for any restrictions or turbulence which would occur in aluminum flex tube. Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier BAD INSTALLATION Figure 5 SUPPLY DUCT WARM AIR RETURN DUCT COLD AIR Bypass tube and humidifier installed on the same duct 5 • INSTALLATION TIP: In this type of installation the installer should have mounted the bypass collar and damper in the most convenient location to run ducting back to the unit. If for some reason it was necessary to run ducting like this, hard metal ducting and elbows (sold separately) rather than the flex tube should be used; the installer should also try to find the most direct route to duct. While the humidifier and bypass collar and damper may be more than the recommended 30", apart the use of hard ducting rather than the flex ducting will make up for any restrictions or turbulence which would occur in aluminum flex tube. Flexible ducting may be the most convenient for installation purposes however when it comes to air-flow it is highly restrictive (see fig 7.), its use should be kept to a minimum and when used it should be pulled as tight as possible. Figure 7 1. The bypass collar and damper and the humidifier body are installed on the same ducting. This unit will not operate at all, there will be no air-flow through the unit, the air pressure will just equalize. This will be the case if both components are mounted on the return or on the supply duct. FLEX LOOSE EQUIVALENT LENGTH = 9 FEET FLEX PULLED TIGHT EQUIVALENT LENGTH = 2 1/2 FEET HARD DUCTING ELBOW (90°) EQUIVALENT LENGTH = 10 FEET FLEX DUCTING ELBOW (90°) EQUIVALENT LENGTH = 30 FEET BAD INSTALLATION Figure 6 SUPPLY DUCT WARM AIR RETURN DUCT COLD AIR Bypass required is more than 30" and installer is using flex tube Unit is not level Bypass collar and humidifier not parallel PREPARING THE HUMIDIFIER FOR INSTALLATION Model 5000 humidifiers may be mounted on the supply (hot air) or return duct (cold air), however we recommend for safety reasons you install it on the return duct, this will minimize the high temperature the unit and components are exposed to. Only install on the supply duct (hot air) if absolutely necessary and ensure that the water supply, drain tube, or any other component do not come into contact with hot surfaces or sharp edges. Replace any component at the first sign of wear. CAUTION: When cutting or drilling into ducting take care not to damage any air-conditioning coils or other furnace apparatus 1. The humidifier body is not mounted level on the duct. The water which flows to the distribution tray and through the evaporator pad will all run down one side of the evaporator pad. 2. The bypass collar and tube and humidifier body are not mounted level. This will restrict air flow through the humidifier as well as create uneven air-flow over the evaporator pad and activating sensors. 3. The bypass tube used is well over the 36" supplied, the flex tube is not pulled tight and the most direct route to the opposite duct was not taken. This will restrict air flow through the humidifier as well as create uneven air-flow over the evaporator pad and activating sensors CAUTION: Wear safety glasses and work gloves when installing this unit; sharp metal edges can cause severe injury. CAUTION: Turn the furnace off before starting this installation. STEP #1: RIGHT HAND DUCTING OR LEFT HAND DUCTING Depending on your furnace, or for the convenience of your installation it may be necessary to convert the humidifier from right hand ducting or left handing ducting. Follow the steps below to switch the side which the bypass duct will attach to the unit. SWITCH THE DUCTING ONLY IF YOUR APPLICATION REQUIRES IT. 1. Remove the humidifier front cover, which is secured in place with a 10-24 plastic thumb screw at the bottom of the cover. Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier 6 Tilt the cover away from the body slightly (approx. 1/2") and then lift up the cover to free the hooks at the top of the unit. 2. Remove all loose components packaged inside and any packaging. With a firm pull, disconnect the water tube from the water nozzle and remove the evaporator pad assembly by sliding it toward the top of the humidifier, then lifting it out. (fig 8.) and any packaging. With a firm pull, disconnect the water tube from the water nozzle and remove the evaporator pad assembly by sliding it toward the top of the humidifier, then lifting it out. (fig 8.) The humidifier comes with a mounting template. Ensure the cabinet is installed level for proper operation. CAUTION: When cutting or drilling into ducting take care not to damage any air-conditioning coils or other furnace apparatus CAUTION: Wear safety glasses and work gloves when installing this unit. Sharp metal edges can cause severe injury. 1. Use adhesive tape to affix the template onto the duct in the selected location. Use the level line to the template and a level to ensure the cabinet will be level. 2. Drill the four marked cabinet-mounting holes on the template using a 1/8" drill bit (not supplied) Figure 8 3. Using a 3/8" drill bit (not supplied) drill a hole inside the rectangle marked “HUMIDIFIER CUT OUT”. 3. Remove the two #6 screws which hold the humidifier side in place (a short handled screw driver will give you easier access to the screws) (fig 9.) 4. Using the 3/8" hole drilled in step 3 as a starting point, cut out the Humidifier Cut Out area marked on the template using tin snips (not supplied). Cut on the outside of the line to ensure a proper fit. 5. Mount the humidifier cabinet on the duct with 4 of the screws from the installation package. Level the humidifier before tightening the screws. (fig. 11) Figure 9 4. Lift the humidifier side out of the right hand position, turn the part and position it on the other side of the humidifier. (fig. 10) Figure 11 6. Install the evaporator pad assembly by hooking the slanted tabs on the evaporator pad frame onto the tabs on the back of the humidifier cabinet. MAKE SURE THE OPEN END OF THE NOZZLE IS FACING YOU. 7. Firmly insert the water tube into the nozzle. STEP #3: MOUNTING THE BYPASS COLLAR AND DAMPER Figure 10 5. Use the two screws removed in step 3 to secure the humidifier side in the left hand side. STEP #2: MOUNTING THE HUMIDIFIER ON THE DUCT If you have not already done so, remove the humidifier cover, which is secured in place with a 10-24 plastic thumb screw at the bottom of the cover. Tilt the cover away from the body slightly (approx. 1/2") and then lift up the cover to free the hooks at the top of the unit. Remove all loose components packaged inside The humidifier comes with a collar and damper mounting template. If possible ensure that the bypass collar will be level to the humidifier duct connection. Try to keep the bypass collar within 30" of the humidifier. CAUTION: When cutting or drilling into ducting take care not to damage any air-conditioning coils or other furnace apparatus CAUTION: Wear safety glasses and work gloves when installing this unit. Sharp metal edges can cause severe injury. 1. Use adhesive tape to affix the bypass template onto the duct in the selected area. Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier 7 2. Drill three marked bypass collar mounting holes on the template using a 1/8" drill bit (not supplied) 3. Using a 3/8" drill by (not supplied) drill a hole inside the circular area marked collar cut out. 4. Using the 3/8" hole drilled in step 3 as a starting point cut out the Collar Cut Out area marked on the template using tin snips (not supplied) 5. Mount the bypass collar and damper (fig. 12) using the remaining three screws from the installation package. The air damper should be mounted in the open position. The top screw secures the damper. Figure 13 2. Prepare the end (fig 14) of the 1/4" tubing for water connection to the humidifier (All required hardware supplied in the saddle-valve kit in the installation package). Brass nut Brass insert Plastic ferrule Figure 14 Plastic water tube 3. Make the tube connection to the humidifier using an adjustable wrench (not supplied) to tighten the nut. (fig 15) Figure 12 6. Slide one of the 6" spring clamps supplied over one end of the bypass tube. Slide this same end of the bypass tube over the flange of the collar and secure it with the spring clamp. 7. Slide the other 6" spring clamp over the other end of the bypass tube. Slide this end of the bypass tube onto the humidifier and secure it with the spring clamp. 8. Ensure the bypass is pulled tight and that any ripples are kept to a minimum and no sagging is occurring. Cut any excess bypass tube off if necessary using tin snips (not supplied). • INSTALLATION TIP: If replacing an existing humidifier which has been installed on your furnace you may be able to use the existing cut-outs, however replace the components, bypass collar and damper and bypass tubing. The majority of furnace humidifiers use 6" ducting for bypass. The cutout for the humidifier will more than likely be different. If replacing a drum style the cutout will not be big enough, and if replacing an old flow through you may have to first install a separate metal plate (not supplied) to cover the existing hole as it may be too big. Before you mount the separate metal plate (not supplied) attach the humidifier cabinet template to it and drill all necessary holes and make the required cutouts. Keep in mind the points listed above about length and level of ducting; it maybe best to cover all existing holes and start fresh. STEP #4: WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE CONNECTION WARNING: Make sure the evaporator pad is installed correctly BEFORE you make the water connections. 1. SAND BOTH ENDS (fig 13) of the water supply tube. FAILURE TO DO SO MAY RESULT IN LEAKS. Figure 15 4. Select the most convenient location for connecting the selfpiercing needle valve on a cold water pipe. Connect the needle valve as shown (fig 16). The hardware shown is supplied in the needle-valve kit. Once the the valve is connected to a pipe as shown, TURN THE VALVE CLOSED ALL THE WAY, and then open so water can flow to the humidifier. Check all fittings for leaks and tighten/repair if necessary. Figure 16 Brass insert Plastic ferrule Brass nut Plastic water tube Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier 8 5. YOU MUST RUN A DRAINAGE TUBE FROM THIS UNIT. Select a convenient location for running the 1/2" drainage tube, 15 ft supplied. Before you connect the tubing to the drain fitting on the bottom of the unit, slip the 1/2" hose clamp (supplied) over the tubing (fig 17). Push the tubing over the fitting and secure in place with the hose clamp. Figure 17 3. Using the 3/8” hole drilled in step 2 as a starting point cut out the Humidistat Cut Out area using tin snips (not supplied) 4. Locate the humidifier terminal panel on the side of the humidifier cabinet, behind the bypass tube. Connect the two ends of the transformer lead wires to the humidifier terminals marked “24 VAC IN”. (fig 19) 5. Run the transformer lead wires from the humidifier to the center of the hole you created in step 3. Note the length of the wire from the humidifier to this point, and add approximately 2 more inches to this length. At this point on the wire, carefully cut the insulation between the conductors and separate them approx 3” (fig 20) CAUTION: Drain tubing must not kink or come into contact with sharp edges or hot surfaces. 6. Cut on the conductors and strip (approx 3/4") the insulation from both ends (fig 21). STEP #5: ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION The humidistat supplied with the Model 5000 Humidifier can be either duct or wall mounted. Duct mounting the humidistat is the easiest installation. A wall mount provides more convenient control of the humidifier and depending on your heating/ventilation system may provide a more accurate indication of the relative humidity level in your home. When wall mounting the humidistat you should choose a central location (close to the furnace thermostat) and you may be required to purchase extra low voltage wire to run back to the humidifier. 20 ga will be sufficient. DUCTING MOUNTING THE HUMIDISTAT AND POWER CONNECTION TO THE HUMIDIFIER The humidistat is packaged at the factory ready for wall mounting. You will have to convert it to duct mounting. Refer to fig. 18, when duct mounting the humidistat must be located upstream (approx 6”) from the humidifier or bypass tube on the return duct. Select a convenient location to mount the humidistat on the return duct. The unit comes with a humidistat mounting template. THIS TEMPLATE IS FOR DUCT MOUNTING THE HUMIDISTAT ONLY. Figure 19 7. From the humidistat assembly included with your unit remove the humidistat. Gently pull off the knob and label, and remove the humidistat cover (fig 22 ) 8. Remove the humidistat control from the base plate by undoing the two screws holding it in place. 9. In the duct mounting application the base plate is used as the front cover, reattach the humidistat control to the base plate (fig 18). 10. Using the two 90-degree terminals included with the humidistat kit, attach the two stripped wire ends of the transformer leads that you cut in step 6 to the humidistat terminals. 11. Mount the humidistat assembly into the duct cut out made in step 3. Secure in place with four screws provided in the humidistat kit (fig 17). 12. Remove the paper backing from the humidistat label and apply onto the face plate. Install the knob onto the humidistat control shaft. Humidistat Base Figure 20 Figure 21 Label WALL MOUNTING THE HUMIDISTAT AND POWER CONNECTION TO THE HUMIDIFIER Low Voltage Wire Figure 18 1. Drill the 4 marked humidistat mounting holes on the template using the 5/64” drill bit (not supplied) 2. Using a 3/8” drill bit (not supplied) drill a hole inside the rectangle marked Humidistat Cut Out. CAUTION: When cutting or drilling in a wall take care not to hit any of home’s electrical or other utilities. 1. Select a central location in the home at eye level on an inside wall. The best place is next to the furnace’s thermostat. 2. Drill a small hole to fish low voltage wire (not supplied) out of and leave approximately 6” of wire leads outside of the hole for connection to the humidistat. Guide the other end of the low voltage wire to the humidifier on the furnace. 3. Locate the humidifier terminal panel on the side of the Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier humidifier cabinet, behind the bypass tube. Connect the two ends of the transformer leads to the humidifier terminals marked “24 VAC IN” 4. At any point along the transformer leads (most convenient location to connect the transformer low voltage wire to the humidistat low voltage wire) carefully cut the insulation between the two conductors and separate them approx 3” (fig 20). 5. Cut one of the conductors and strip (approx. 3/4”) the insulation from both ends ( fig 21). 6. Using wire nuts (not supplied), connect the two stripped ends of the low voltage wire leads from the humidistat to the two ends of the stripped transformer leads prepared in step 5. 7. Returning to the humidistat location, remove the cover plate from the humidistat. Feed the 6” of low voltage wire through the 3/8” hole in the humidistat base plate. Mount the humidistat to the wall using four screws provided in the humidistat kit (fig 22). Base Humidistat Cover Label 9 STEP #6: TESTING THE INSTALLATION If you have not already replace the front cover of the humidifier and secure in place using the plastic thumb screw. 1. Make sure all water connections are secure and do not leak. Also, ensure that all components are secure and installed correctly. 2. Plug in the 24-Volt transformer into a constant 120-Volt power source (an outlet which cannot be shut off via a wall switch). 3. Turn up the humidistat to the maximum setting 50% +. This ensures the humidistat is calling for humidity. If the humidistat is not calling for humidity at the BEGINNING of the furnace cycle the humidifier will not turn on, if you turn up the humidistat in the middle of the furnace cycle the humidifier will wait until the NEXT cycle to turn on. 4. Turn on the power to your furnace and turn up the thermostat so that the furnace cycles on in heating mode. • OPERATING TIP: Most furnaces will take a few minutes to allow heat to build up before the furnace fan will run. The “HUMIDISENSE” control contained in the humidifier will wait until it senses your furnace fan blowing hot air. If only your furnace fan is running the unit should not turn on. The “HUMIDISENSE” will not turn the humidifier on until is senses a temperature rise of 4°C and the air temperature is over 30°C. This ensures the efficient use of water. 5. Depending on your furnace type the unit should turn on within approx 60 seconds of the furnace entering the HEATING cycle. You will know because the green “HUMIDISENSE” LED on the front of unit will turn on (fig 24.) If the unit does not turn on refer to the trouble shooting section in the Maintenance Guide. Figure 22 8. Using the two 90-degree wire terminals (included in the humidistat kit) connect the end of the low voltage wire to the humidistat terminals. Green Humidisense LED 9. Replace the cover. Remove the paper backing from the humidistat label, and apply to the face of the cover. Install the knob onto the humidistat control shaft. CHECKING THE ELECTRICAL CONNECTION, DUCT MOUNT OR WALL MOUNT HUMIDISTAT. Figure 24 Once the wiring is complete you should have all the components wired in series (a continuous loop) as shown in fig. 23. Use the insulated staples included in you installation package to secure any loose wiring. Figure 23 120V Electric Source Humidistat 24V Transformer Humidifier 6. Once the unit has been running for approx 3-4 minutes you will see a small amount of water trickling out of the drain tube. If the unit has turned on and the green light is on but no water is trickling refer to the trouble shooting section in the Maintenance Guide. • OPERATING TIP: In order to ensure efficient water use, ensure water will not blow off the evaporator, and to protect the humidifier’s solenoid valve there is an orifice fitting installed on the inlet of the solenoid valve. This fitting restricts the amount of water flowing to the unit, which will vary depending on your house’s water pressure. On average this fitting will allow approx 300600 ml of water to flow in 5 minutes of humidifier operation. 10 Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier 7. After about 5 minutes of running turn your thermostat down so the furnace cycles off. IT IS IMPORTANT TO ALLOW THE FURNACE TO CYCLE OFF VIA THE THERMOSTAT AND NOT THE MAIN FURNACE SWITCH, AS ALL FURNACES WILL RUN A COOL DOWN TO ALLOW HEAT TO CIRCULATE OUT OF THE FURNACE HEATING CHAMBER. The humidifier will sense the temperature drop and shut off (this will occur depending on your furnace, from 60 seconds before the furnace shuts of to 60 seconds after the furnace shuts off.) You will know the humidifier has shut off because the green “HUMIDISENSE” LED on the front of the humidifier will shut off. (fig. 24) The off cycle of the “HUMIDISENSE” CONTROL IS ADJUSTABLE. See section “CUSTOMIZING HUMIDISENSE TO YOUR FURNACE” below if the humidifier does not shut off with your furnace. • OPERATING TIP: Most furnaces will take anywhere from 30 seconds to 2 minutes to complete a off cycle. First the furnace will sense that the thermostat is satisfied then the furnace burner will shut off. The furnace fan will continue to run (the amount of time depending on how your furnace is set up) this allows the heat to circulate out of the furnace heating chamber and assures efficient use of heating fuel. YOU MUST CAREFULLY FOLLOW THE FOLLOWING STEPS TO CHANGE THE CONTROL’S SET POINT: 1. Determine if the humidifier is not shutting off when the furnace shuts off 2. Read the explanation of the different settings below and determine which dip switch position you require. 3. The humidifier must be energized but NOT running in order to change the dip switch position. If your humidifier has not shut off after a furnace cycle, turn DOWN the furnace’s thermostat (so the furnace shuts off and will not come back on). UNPLUG the humidifier for a few minutes and allow the humidifier to cool down, then plug the humidifier back in. Now the humidifier should be plugged IN, the humidistat turned UP all the way, your furnace should be OFF, and the humidifier should NOT be running. 4. With the furnace OFF, Change the dip switch position to the desired location. 5. AFTER you have changed the dip switch location UNPLUG THE HUMIDIFIER FOR 1 MINUTE. 6. After the humidifier has been unplugged for 1 MINUTE, Plug the humidifier back in and WAIT ANOTHER MINUTE. HUMIDIFIER OPERATION 7. The control set point has now been changed. Turn UP the furnace thermostat and check humidifier operation. CUSTOMIZING HUMIDISENSE TO YOUR FURNACE HUMIDISENSE CONTROL SETTINGS: FACTORY SETTING (FIG. 25.) The HUMIDISENSE control is a temperature and time based control designed to cycle the humidifier ON and OFF in sequence with your furnace’s cycles. As there are many different homes and styles of furnaces the HUMIDISENSE control has 4 self contained adjustable temperature set points to control the humidifier’s cycles, as well there is a redundant safety circuit which with the use of a pressure switch (sold separately) can be used to bypass the temperature control feature and cycle the humidifier based on the furnace fan’s cycle. Depending on your furnace or other factors present in your home (use of secondary supplemental heating, HVR’s, ERV’s, etc) it may become necessary to change the setting of the control to ensure the humidifier is shutting off when your furnace cycles off. This is easily done by changing the dip switch (located on the lower side of the control housing see below) positions, using a small screw driver. NOTE: Only change the setting IF REQUIRED. The control comes from the factory set with the criteria indicated below. Humidifier ON : A temperature rise of 4°C in one minute and a temperature greater than 30°C Figure 25 Humidifier OFF: A temperature drop of 2°C in one minute and a temperature less than 45°C • This setting will meet the requirement of 85% of the furnaces in the market today. It will provide the required humidifier control on furnaces ranging from high to low efficiency. You should only change the setting if required. OPTIONAL SETTING # 1 (FIG. 26.) Humidifier ON : A temperature rise of 4°C in one minute and a temperature greater than 30°C Humidifier OFF: A temperature drop of 2°C in one minute and a temperature less than 35°C Dip Switch • This setting will be useful when you find that the humidifier is shutting off too early or if the humidifier is cycling off in the middle of a furnace cycle. If your furnace is multi-speed (the furnace fan will change speed during the heating cycle.) or if you have a highefficiency furnace, where the furnace burner will cycle ON and OFF during the heating cycle in order to save energy. Figure 26 Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier OPTIONAL SETTING # 2 (FIG27.) Humidifier ON : A temperature rise of 4°C in one minute and a temperature greater than 30°C Humidifier OFF: A temperature drop of 2°C in one minute and a temperature less than 55°C 11 have the same ON temperature requirements. This is ensuring an efficient use of water as there is a minimum air temperature to efficiently evaporate water. As well if for some reason you wish to bypass the temperature feature and have the humidifier operate when fan operates you may choose this option. This option requires the purchase and installation of a separate pressure switch (fig 30). Installation instructions for the pressure switch are included with the kit. • This setting will be useful when you find the humidifier is not turning off when your furnace has cycled off. Typically this will occur because the furnace’s cool down cycle is short and the furnace is shutting off when there is still hot air circulating through the ducts. As well this will be seen when the furnace is located in an enclosed space and as a result the ambient temperature is high. Figure 27 OPTIONAL SETTING # 3 (FIG. 28.) Humidifier ON : A temperature rise of 4°C in one minute and a temperature greater than 30°C Humidifier OFF: A temperature drop of 2°C in one minute and a temperature less than 65°C • This setting will be used when option # 2 (55°C off temp) does not work. You will find this when a furnace does not have a cool down cycle at all, on older model furnaces. This could be occurring when the furnace is older and has short off cycles or if the furnace is located in a tight enclosed space and the ambient temperature is very high. Figure 28 • OPERATING TIP: Depending on the type of furnace and installation, you may notice that after the humidifier has shut off and the furnace shuts off the humidifier will turn back on. This is occurring because the control is sensing residual heat from the heat exchanger after the furnace has shut off. If you are experiencing this you should change the control setting until the problem is resolved. The temperature at which your furnace shuts off is too close to the control’s OFF temperature. It may be beneficial to have the control set to the higher OFF temperature (55°C or 65°C). However it is important to note ONLY CHANGE THE CONTROL SETTING IF NECESSARY. REDUNDANT SAFETY CIRCUIT SETTING – PRESSURE SWITCH CONTROL (NOT SUPPLIED) (FIG. 29) Figure 30 Pressure Switch CONTROLLING THE HUMIDITY LEVEL AND HUMIDIFIER OPERATION HUMIDIFIER START UP When you first plug in the 24 Volt transformer and turn on your humidifier you may hear a click. This is the power getting to the control’s relay. As well if you adjust the humidistat UP or DOWN and past the sensed humidity level you may hear the control’s relay clicking. This is normal as the humidistat is just an ON/OFF switch, every time the humidistat is turned DOWN the power is cut to the HUMIDISENSE control. When starting up the humidifier for operation: 1. Make sure the transformer is plugged in and the water supply is turned on. 2. Turn the humidistat up high, so it is calling for humidity. Humidifier ON: When pressure switch senses air-flow in the furnace duct 3. Turn your furnace thermostat UP so the furnace cycles ON. Humidifier OFF: When pressure switch senses no air-flow in the duct. 4. Once the HUMIDISENSE control senses heat the humidifier will turn ON. You will know because the green “HUMIDISENSE” LED (fig. 24) on the front of the humidifier will turn ON. • This setting can be used if for some reason the above 4 different control setting fail to shut off the humidifier. This is more than Figure 29 likely occurring as a result of a non-standard heating system, some sort of supplement heating, improper humidifier installation, improper furnace operation, or for some other unforeseen circumstance. This option may also be used if for some reason the humidifier will not turn on, this could be occurring because the furnace is not providing enough heat or it is not providing the required temperature rise fast enough. All four of the above control setting 5. After a few moments you should hear water trickling through the drain. 6. After your furnace has completed the heating cycle and shut off (by the thermostat) the humidifier will cycle OFF. You will know because the green “HUMIDISENSE” LED (fig. 24) on the front of the humidifier will turn OFF CONTROLLING THE HUMIDITY LEVEL A humidistat is supplied with this humidifier to control the amount of moisture added to the air in your home. It will sense 12 Model 5000 Flow Through Humidifier the relative humidity level in the air and work as the main ON/OFF switch to control the humidifier, regardless of whether your furnace is on or not. BYPASS AIR ADJUSTMENT, SUMMER SHUTDOWN, AND YEARLY MAINTENANCE At the beginning of the heating season it may take sometime to build up the relative humidity level in your home to the desired level. For the first few weeks turn the humidistat up high to ensure the humidifier will turn on with every furnace cycle; after you feel that you have achieved the desired relative humidity level turn the humidistat down until it cycles the humidifier OFF. The humidifier will then work to maintain the relative humidity at that level. BYPASS AIR ADJUSTMENT ACHIEVING AND MAINTAINING A HUMIDITY LEVEL Outside conditions are the primary factor affecting the humidity level in your home; the colder it gets outside the less moisture the outside air will have, your home brings in that outside air and the humidifier will work to add moisture to it. As outside conditions change the humidity level in your home will change as well. Other factors which will affect humidity levels in the home include how many air-changes are occurring, the amount of people occupying the home, air leaks, the use of showers, exhaust fans, HRV’s, and the use of a fireplaces or wood stoves. For more information on achieving a humidity level and or maximizing the output of the humidifier please see the Maintenance and Trouble Shooting Guide. Sometimes there can be a static pressure differential that may cause an excess of air to flow through the bypass tube, causing less airflow through the distant heat outlets in the house. It may also blow water off the evaporator bad. In either case the air damper installed with the bypass collar should by gradually closed until the condition is corrected. To close the damper loosen the top screw and lift up on the damper and turn closed to the desired position. Damper adjustment is another way of adjusting the amount of humidity being added to the house (the less air bypassed the less humidity will be added.) SUMMER SHUT DOWN At the end of the heating season complete the following steps. 1. Turn the humidistat off. 2. Unplug the transformer. 3. Close off the water supply at the saddle valve. 4. Close the bypass damper. SAFELY OPERATING A FURNACE HUMIDIFIER YEARLY MAINTENANCE AND WINTER START UP Proper control of the relative humidity level in the home is key to ensuring good IAQ (Indoor Air Quality) for your home as well as protecting against moisture damage. For detailed recommended maintenance schedule refer to the Maintenance and Trouble Shooting Guide. Although a relative humidity environment of 45-50% may be desirable, setting your humidistat at that point when outside air temperatures are below 30°F can cause condensation on windows and walls. Continued condensation for extended periods of time may result in structural damage. Use the chart below as a guide for maximum relative humidity settings at different outdoor air temperatures. OUT SIDE AIR TEMPERATURE MAXIMUM RELATIVE HUMIDITY SETTING -20°F /-30°C 15% -10°F /-25°C 20% 0°F / -20°C 25% +10°F/-10°C 30% +20°F/-5°C 35% ABOVE +20°F/0°C 40% If condensation continues to form on windows at these settings reduce the humidistat setting by successive 5% increments. After each reduction in setting allow 6 hours for equilibrium to be reached before readjustment. If condensation is consistently forming on your windows or if the relative humidity level being sensed by the humidistat is consistently different than the relative humidity level in the home then you may want to consider changing the location where the humidistat is mounted. If duct mounted, move the humidistat to a central location, near the furnace thermostat. If after moving the humidistat the condition persists turn OFF the water supply at the needle valve, turn the humidistat off and consult a qualified HVAC service person. When your house is unoccupied for longer than 3 days during the winter months always set the humidistat down to 15% so that severe weather during you absence will not result in condensation which might cause damage in your home. At the beginning of the heating season complete the following steps. 1. Inspect the water supply tube, water drainage tube, and Electrical wiring replace if required 2. Plug in the transformer. 3. Turn on the water supply at the saddle valve and check for any leaks. 4. Open the bypass damper. 5. Test the operation of the humidifier and check for any leaks and complete any necessary repairs.