Awlgrip Application Guide 18th Edition (.pdf)

Awlgrip Application Guide 18th Edition (.pdf)
APPLICATION GUIDE
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EDITION 18
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. GENERAL GUIDELINES
Introduction and Safety Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Surface Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Tack Rags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Taping and Masking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Compressors and Compressed Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Sanding & Sandpaper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Application Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Painting Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
II. ABOVE WATERLINE SYSTEMS
Surface Preparation and Priming
Previously Painted Surfaces — Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Gelcoat & Fiberglass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Priming
Previously Painted Surfaces — Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Fiberglass/Gelcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Fairing & Surfacing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Final Priming & Topcoating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Brightwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
III. BELOW WATERLINE SYSTEMS
Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
All Substrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
Renewing Awlstar Gold Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
Running Gear & Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
IV. TROUBLESHOOTING
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
V. PRODUCT DATA SHEETS
Wipedown Solvents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Metal Treatment Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
Primers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Fairing Compounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Surfacers/Topcoat Primers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Topcoats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Brightwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123
Reducers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139
Auxilliary Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145
Antifoulings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158
Awlwash/Awlcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .160
VI. OTHER
Product Check Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .163
Products by Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168
Maintaining an Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . .172
Repairing an Awlcraft SE Topcoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
2
APPLICATION GUIDE
GENERAL GUIDELINES
INTRODUCTION
This guide is designed to supply the professional applicator with the
necessary information required to apply our products; it is not intended
as a ‘How To’ guide for the do-it-yourselfer. We encourage you to read
the entire guide carefully, especially those sections on safety before
applying any product.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) should be read by the applicator
before applying an Awlgrip Product. These documents contain extensive
information for safe handling of our products. Please contact your local
distributor or go to www.awlgrip.com.
Along with application systems information, the guide contains a
complete section containing technical product datasheets for each
product. These product datasheets contain the basic mixing and
application specifications for each product. The appropriate product
datasheets should be reviewed before using a product.
The Awlgrip Premium Coating Systems are available worldwide. Local
regulations may limit the availability of certain products in some parts of
the world. In some cases packaging will differ depending on local
specifications and standards.
Please remember that the Awlgrip Premium Coating Systems are
designed specifically for the pleasure craft industry and provide
chemically cured finishes that are resistant to abrasion, chalking,
corrosion and chemical attack. Only a complete Awlgrip Coating System
will provide these characteristics.
Do not incorporate any thinner, additive, modifier, converter, primer or
related product that is not specifically recommended by Awlgrip into any
Awlgrip Coating System. Such substitution can jeopardize the unique
characteristics of the Awlgrip Coating System resulting in poor cosmetics
and/or premature failure of the system and will void Awlgrip’s Limited
Warranty.
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Awlgrip is committed to providing you with state-of-the-art chemical
coatings technology and systems. With that commitment comes a
responsibility of much greater consequence, a dedication to provide you
with the necessary safety information concerning the application and
handling of these products.
Please read the cautions and warnings on the Awlgrip labels carefully.
They are there for your benefit. The recommended safety equipment
ensures the safe use of our products.
If you have any questions, contact:
ASIA: +65 62615033
AUSTRALIA: 13 11 26
EUROPE: 32.14.25.7770
NEW ZEALAND: 0800 764 766
NORTH AMERICA: CHEMTREC (800) 424–9300
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS’s) are available on awlgrip.com.
Awlgrip and all product names mentioned in this publication are trademarks of,
or licensed to, AkzoNobel. © AkzoNobel 2014.
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3
SURFACE CLEANING
A clean, dry surface is essential to the success of any coatings
application. Our systems include products and procedures which will
enable you to obtain proper surface conditions.
Remember – Clean before sanding. Sanding often melts grease, wax
and oils into the surface making it impossible to obtain a clean surface.
Detergent Scrubbing
Many applicators scrub the surface they are going to paint with
powdered household scouring cleanser and a 3MTM Scotch-Brite® Pad
before any other prep work is performed. This is an excellent practice as
careful observation of the rinse water will tell you when you have a clean
surface. Breaks, holes or beading of the rinse water indicates areas
which need additional attention.
Two Cloth Cleaning Method
1. The surface should be cleaned thoroughly of all dust, using a vacuum
or clean dry compressed air to blow while wiping with clean, oil free,
dry cotton cloths.
2. Soak one cloth in Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep
T0008, Awlprep Plus T0115 or Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface
Cleaner T0340). Use this cloth to wet the surface.
3. Use a dry second cloth to wipe the surface dry and lift the
contamination off the surface.
* Work small areas (4 sq. ft or less) to keep the surface cleaner from
drying before the second rag wipes it clean.
* Repeat steps 2 and 3, changing rags frequently, until the surface is
residue free.
WARNING:
Wiping the surface with one wet cloth only smears contamination
around. Be sure the cloth used does not have any contaminates;
clean cotton works the best. The surface must be dry before using
tack rags.
4
APPLICATION GUIDE
DELUXE TACK RAGS
Tack rags are used just before painting to remove the lightest dust or dirt
from what would otherwise be considered a clean, ready to paint surface.
Tack rags are used before final primer and topcoat applications. They
are usually not needed when applying fairing materials or surfacers.
When tacking a primer or topcoat surface, use only Deluxe Tack Rags
(#73009). They have the proper type and amount of resin to pick up dust
without leaving contamination on the surface. Other tack rags can easily
leave a residue that causes fisheyes and cratering of the topcoat. Be
careful not to use excessive hand pressure when using tack rags. A light
dusting is all that is necessary, let the resin do the work. Even Deluxe
Tack Rags can leave a resin on the surface if used improperly.
Notes:
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5
TAPING AND MASKING
MATERIALS
Masking Tapes:
Masking tapes are produced in various grades. Review tape
manufacturers’ recommendations and then make your selection based
on your working conditions and technique. A minimum requirement
is tape designed for use with urethane and epoxy coatings.
Common problems with tapes not designed for use with these types
of coatings are poor solvent resistance, creeping, adhesive residue
remaining on the surface and poor moisture resistance.
For striping, a thin plastic tape such as 3M Fine Line® #218 is
recommended. Pushing the edge of the tape to be painted down with
fine sandpaper, a green Scotch-Brite® pad and/or a plastic spreader
will help insure a sealed edge and a fine, even, no creep line.
Masking Paper:
Masking papers are manufactured in various grades. The solvents in
urethane and epoxy coatings require a paper with excellent resistance
to solvent penetration. 3M’s Scotchblok® Masking Paper is highly
recommended.
WARNING:
1. Do not use lightweight plastic masking materials that ‘cling’
to the surface. This can leave tracks or marks on the paint
film which cannot be removed.
2. Do not use plastic sheeting on a surface longer than two
days. Condensation can form under the plastic causing
blistering, bubbling or loss of gloss in the paint finish.
3. Do not use newsprint or newspapers; these can
stain the paint finish.
COMPRESSORS AND
COMPRESSED AIR
Clean, oil-free, dry air is essential for operating spray equipment, air
power tools and blowing off surfaces prior to priming or painting.
Air supply lines should have oil and water separators. For separators
to be effective, air from the compressor must have time to cool before
reaching them. Usually a minimum of 30 ft. is required between the
compressor and the separators. Additional separators may be required.
6
APPLICATION GUIDE
SANDING AND SANDPAPER
Read all health and safety information contained in Material Safety Data
Sheets. Always thoroughly clean the surface before sanding. See surface
cleaning on page 3.
1. When sanding or grinding, work in areas with adequate ventilation,
maintaining a continuous flow of fresh air.
2. Do not breathe sanding or grinding dust.
3. Keep sanding dust off skin and out of eyes.
4. Wear a properly fitted chemical cartridge/mechanical filter respirator
(such as 3M 6000 series or equivalent) during sanding, grinding
and blowing off.
5. Keep bystanders and unprotected workers out of sanding and
grinding areas.
Proper sanding promotes adhesion for the next coat. Excessive sanding
or using too coarse a grit can open pores in the surface or create a
sanding scratch profile too deep to be filled by the next product to be
applied. This can cause porosity holes in gelcoat and sand scratch
print–through.
There are four basic types of sanding and throughout this book,
references are made to each type. All four types may be accomplished
by hand, machine or block. The surface shape, size and quality
requirements will determine the tools or combination of tools required.
1. Scratch Sanding: Scuffing or scratching a smooth surface to create
a profile to promote adhesion of another coating. 3M Scotch-Brite®
Pads #’s 7447 or 7448 may be used to push stripe edges down or
remove light overspray from primer. Caution is recommended when
considering Scotch-Brite® for scratch sanding between topcoats
as adhesion will be questionable. Sandpaper is recommended.
2. Smooth Sanding: Sanding the surface smooth of orange peel or
fine texture. This is usually done with small blocks, small pad machine
or hand sanding using relatively fine grits. This type of sanding is not
considered fairing.
3. Block Sanding: Block sanding is used for fairing. Block sanding by
hand-board or machine is used to level a surface. The depth and
height of the highs and lows, and the width between them, will
determine the size block as well as the amount of filler/surface
products needed to fair the surface.
4. Grinding: Is for the removal of material. Grits are coarse, 24–36–60,
with the primary purpose being removal of undesirable material and
creating surface profile. Grinding would be used to brighten corroded
metal, remove old coatings and to remove heavily oxidized or
damaged gelcoat.
7
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SANDING GRIT CROSS
REFERENCE:
The finish sanding grits in this book are for 3M Tri-M-ite® Fre-Cut®
sandpaper.
When choosing 3M Gold, or Wetordry® sandpapers, a finer grit choice
will be necessary to match the sanding scratch profile or depth of the
Tri-M-ite® Fre-Cut®.
Example:
Tri-M-ite® Fre-Cut®
220
Gold
280
Imperial®
280
Wetordry®
400
320
400
400
500/600
Clears and dark topcoat colors tend to show sanding scratches more
than lighter colors. Using finer grits will help overcome this condition.
Use:
Tri-M-ite® Fre-Cut®
220
Imperial®
280
Wetordry®
400
320
400
500/600
to sand before applying clears or dark topcoat colors.
Notes:
8
APPLICATION GUIDE
APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
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9
APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
continued...
Ventilation/Respiratory Protection
3
IMPORTANT:
Use only with adequate ventilation. Maintain continuous flow of
fresh air. Do not breathe vapors, spray mists or sanding dusts.
Wear appropriate, properly fitted, supplied air respirator during
and after application unless air monitoring demonstrates vapor
and particulate levels are below applicable limits. Follow respirator
manufacturer’s directions for respirator use. Engineering or
administrative controls should be implemented to reduce
exposure. Provide sufficient mechanical (general and/or local
exhaust) ventilation to maintain exposure below TLV’s
(Threshold Limit Values).
Personal Protective Equipment
CAUTION:
Do not get in eyes, on skin or on clothing. Use solvent resistant
safety eyewear with splash guards. Solvent impermeable gloves,
clothing and boots should be worn to prevent skin contact. When
applying an Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000, Awlcraft SE or any other
isocyanate containing product, a respirator that is approved for
use with such products must be used. A positive pressure air
supplied respirator (TC19C NIOSH/MSHA approved) is
recommended.
8. Record the settings for future reference.
9. Spray a test area.
At the start of the job and before each coat spray a decent sized
area on a separate panel and check the appearance and wet
film thickness.
10. Work well within the pot life. As the paint continues to induct,
the rheology can change, affecting the final result.
AIR ATOMIZED
For use with Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000, Awlcraft SE, and lower viscosity
Awlgrip primers such as 545 Epoxy Primer, 321 HS Undercoat,
Quik-Grip, Awlquik, Awlbrite and Awlspar.
AIRLESS EQUIPMENT
For use with high viscosity primers, surfacers, Awlquik, High Build,
Hullgard, Sprayable Fairing Compound, Ultra Build and Awlstar
Gold Label Antifouling.
Spray Gun:....................................................................................Airless
Orifice size: .......................................................................... .028”–.043”
Fan size & angle:........................................................8” & 80˚ or 6” & 60˚
On a 25:1 pump, the pressure gauge should read 4.8–5.5 Bar (70–80psi).
On a 40:1 pump, the pressure gauge should read 3.4–4.1 Bar (50–60psi).
HIGH VOLUME LOW PRESSURE GUNS
SPRAY EQUIPMENT
‘Ten Steps to Success’ —
Key points on Equipment for Awlgrip Applications
1. You need good quality, well maintained equipment.
If you are using the best paint you limit your chances of success if you
are not using the best equipment in the best condition. This includes
ensuring the air hoses are of the correct type and capacity.
2. Standardize your equipment.
When more than one sprayer will be working the job, it pays to have
everyone using the same make and model of gun/pressure pot etc.
This also includes having the same aircap, tip and nozzle, as
recommended by the gun manufacturer.
3. Ensure clean gun/hoses/air.
If the air hoses are dirty; replace them. Check the air cleanliness by
running air for 10–15 mins through a tack rag. Change filters and
service traps regularly.
4. Check environmental conditions.
Temperature (air and substrate), Humidity and Air Flow all may need
controlling to optimize your result.
5. Once the environmental situation is known, choose the correct
reducer and thin to the recommended viscosity.
6. Determine the optimum gun setup.
Use the ‘3 step fan check’ to get your paint atomization set right.
Check the fluid flow rate and air pressure at the gun.
7. Synchronize gun settings.
Check all sprayers have the same fluid flow and air pressure, and
that these are not modified during application.
True HVLP equipment operates at a maximum gun pressure of 0.7 bar
(10psi). It is difficult to achieve optimum results with this equipment.
Contact your local Awlgrip representative and gun manufacturer to
arrange a consultation.
When consulting the DeVilbiss spray gun set-ups for Awlgrip
materials on the following, please make note of the
points below:
1. Gun air pressures are measured at handle with trigger pulled.
2. Some gun models and fluid tip combinations shown are not available
in an ‘off-the-shelf’ suction gun. Customers will have to buy a
pressure gun and a separate KR suction cup assembly.
3. Some Fluid Needles listed are suitable for use with more than one
size fluid nozzle.
4. Care must be taken to balance fluid and air quantities and pressures
or distorted fan patterns and bad spray results will occur.
5. Pot pressure given is typical for a hand held 0.6 gallon (2.2lt) Tank
with 1.2–2m fluid hoses 6mm internal diameter.
6. Maximum fluid nozzle size available for this gun model.
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
GFG Gravity
GTI Gravity
Spray Gun
1.1 or 1.2
1.0 or 1.1
1.4
1.3
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.3
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.1
1.1
1.4 or 1.6
1.4 or 1.6
1.6-2.0
1.6-2.0
321 HS Undercoat
Max Cor CF
Topcoats F/G/H Line
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling
Hullgard Primer
Ultra Build Epoxy Primer
High Build Epoxy Primer - Small Areas
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound - Small Areas
Awlquik Epoxy Primer/Surfacer
545 Epoxy Primer - Small Areas
Product
Fluid Nozzle Size
1.1 or 1.2
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.8
18
1.4
1.4
1.8
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.8
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.1
1.2
1.4, 1.6 or 1.8
1.4, 1.6 or 1.8
1.6 - 2.0
1.6 - 2.0
Spray Gun
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
Air Cap No.
Fluid Needle Part No.
AV-645-FX or FZ
JGA-421-FX or FZ
AV-4239-43 or 186+
GTI-213-12-K
GTI-413-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-FF
JGA-421-FF
AV-4239-43 or 30
GTI-413-K
GTI-407-110
GTI-213-14-K
AV-645-EX
AV-4239-43 or 30
JGA-421-DEX
GTI-420-K
GTI-214-18-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-FF
JGA-421-FF
AV-4239-43 or 30
GTI-413-K
GTI-213-14-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-EX, D or DE
AV-4239-43, 30 or MB-4039-880
JGA-421-DEX
GTI-420-K
GTI-214-18, 20 or 22-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-EX, D or DE
AV-4239-43, 30 or MB-4039-880
JGA-421-DEX
GTI-214-18, 20 or 22-K
GTI-407-110
GTI-420-K
JGA-421-FX
AV-645-FX
AV-4239-43 or 186+
GTI-407-110
GTI-413-K
GTI-213-12-K
AV-645-FF, FW or EX
AV-4239-43 or 30
JGA-421-FF or DEX
GTI-213-14-K, GTI-214-16-K or GTI-214-16-K GTI-413-K or GTI-420-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-FW, EX, D
AV-4239-43, or 30
JGA-421-FF, DEX
GTI-214-16-K/GTI-214-20-K
GTI-420K
GTI-407-110
Fluid Nozzle Part No.
Air Cap No.
AV-645-FX or FZ
JGA-421-FX or FZ
AV-4239-43 or 186+
GTI-213-10 or 11-K
GTI-413-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-FF
JGA-421-FF
AV-4239-43 or 30
GTI-213-13-K
GTI-413-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-FF
JGA-421-FF
AV-4239-43 or 30
GTI-214-16-K
GTI-407-110
GTI-420-K
AV-645-FF
AV-4239-43 or 30
JGA-421-FF
GTI-213-13-K
GTI-407-110
GTI-413-K
AV-645-EX, D or DE
JGA-421-DEX
AV-4239-43, 30 or MB-4039-880
GTI-214-18, 20 or 22-K
GTI-407-110
GTI-420-K
AV-645-EX, D or DE
JGA-421-DEX
AV-4239-43, 30 or MB-4039-880
GTI-214-18, 20 or 22-K
GTI-407-110
GTI-420-K
AV-645-FX
JGA-421-FX
AV-4239-43 or 186+
GTI-213-11-K
GTI-413-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-FF or FW
AV-4239-43 or 30
JGA-421-FF
GTI-213-14-K or GTI-214-16-K GTI-413-K or GTI-420-K
GTI-407-110
AV-645-FW, EX, D
JGA-421-FF, DEX
AV-4239043, or 30
GTI-214-16-K/GTI-214-20-K
GTI-420K
GTI-407-110
Fluid Nozzle Size Fluid Nozzle Part No. Fluid Needle Part No.
160 - 190ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
150 - 170ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
150 - 170ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
150 - 170ml/min
200 - 220ml/min
190 - 250ml/min
200 - 220ml/min
190 - 250ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
80 - 140ml/min
70 - 130ml/min
250 - 300ml/min
250 - 300ml/min
Approx. Fluid Flow
180 - 210ml/min
160 - 190ml/min
180 - 200ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
150 - 170ml/min
180 - 200ml/min
160 - 180ml/min
220 - 280ml/min
210 - 270ml/min
220 - 280ml/min
210 - 270ml/min
180 - 200ml/min
170 - 190ml/min
100 - 140ml/min
90 - 130ml/min
250-300/min
250-300ml/min
Approx. Fluid Flow
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
1.8 - 2.5 bar (26 - 36psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
1.8 - 2.5 bar (26 - 36psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44 psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44 psi)
Handle Air Input
Pressure
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
1.8 - 2.5 bar (26 - 36psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
1.8 - 2.5 bar (26 - 36psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44 psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44 psi)
Handle Air Input
Pressure
APPLICATION GUIDE
DEVILBISS SPRAY GUN SET-UPS FOR SUCTION GUNS
321 HS Undercoat
Max Cor CF
Topcoats F/G/H Line
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling
Hullgard Primer
Ultra Build Epoxy Primer
High Build Epoxy Primer - Small Areas
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound - Small Areas
Awlquik Epoxy Primer/Surfacer
545 Epoxy Primer - Small Areas
Product
DEVILBISS SPRAY GUN SET-UPS FOR GRAVITY GUNS
10
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
11
321 HS Undercoat
Max Cor CF
Topcoats F/G/H Line
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling
Hullgard Primer
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound Small Areas
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound Large Areas
Ultra Build Epoxy Primer
High Build Epoxy Primer - Small Areas
Ultra Build Epoxy Primer
High Build Epoxy Primer - Large Areas
Awlquik Epoxy Primer/Surfacer
545 Epoxy Primer - Large Areas
545 Epoxy Primer - Small Areas
Product
Fluid Nozzle
Size
1.1
1.2
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.8
1.8
2.2
2.2
1.4
1.4
1.8
1.8
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.8, 2.0 or 2.2
1.1
1.2
1.4, 1.6 or 1.8
1.4, 1.6 or 1.8
1.6 - 1.8
1.6 - 1.8
Spray Gun
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
JGA Suction
GTI Suction
AV-645-FX
GTI-213-12-K
AV-645-FF
GTI-213-14-K
AV-645-FF
GTI-213-14-K
AV-645-EX
GTI-214-18-K
AV-645-D
GTI-214-22-K
AV-645-FF
GTI-213-14-K
AV-645-EX
GTI-214-18-K
AV-645-EX, D or DE
GTI-214-18, 20 or 22-K
AV-645-EX, D or DE
GTI-214-18, 20 or 22-K
AV-645-FX
GTI-213-12-K
AV-645-FF, FW or EX
GTI-213-14-K, GTI-214-16-K or GTI-214-16-K
AV-645-FW, EX
GTI-214-16-K/GTI-214-20-K
Fluid Nozzle Part No.
JGA-421-FX
GTI-449-12-K
JGA-421-FF
GTI-449-14-K
JGA-421-FF
GTI-449-14-K
JGA-421-DEX
GTI-420-K
JGA-421-DEX
GTI-420-K
JGA-421-FF
GTI-449-14-K
JGA-421-DEX
GTI-420-K
JGA-421-DEX
GTI-420-K
JGA-421-DEX
GTI-420-K
JGA-421-FX
GTI-449-12-K
JGA-421-FF or DEX
GTI-449-14-K or GTI-420-K
JGA-421-FF, DEX
GTI-420K
Fluid Needle Part No.
Handle Air
Input Pressure
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
2.5 - 3.5 bar (36 - 51psi)
2.0 - 3.0 bar (29 - 44psi)
1.8 - 2.5 bar (26 - 36 psi)
1.8 - 2.5 bar (26 - 36 psi)
Air Cap No.
AV-4239-43 or 765
GTI-407-110 or 122
AV-4239-30 or 765
GTI-407-110 or 122
AV-4239-30 or 765
GTI-407-110 or 122
AV-4239-765 or MB-4039-880
GTI-407-122
MB-4039-88
GTI-407-122
AV-4239-30 or 765
GTI-407-110 or 122
AV-4239-765 or MB-4039-880
GTI-407-122
AV-4239-765 or MB-4039-880
GTI-407-122
AV-4239-765 or MB-4039-880
GTI-407-122
AV-4239-43 or 765
GTI-407-110 or 122
AV-4239-765 or 797
GTI-407-110 or 122
AV-4239-43, or 30
GTI-407-110
DEVILBISS SPRAY GUN SET-UPS – PRESSURE POT
Pot Pressure
(see notes)
170 - 270ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
180 - 280ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
200 - 300ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
200 - 300ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
180 - 280ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
180 - 280ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
170 - 270ml/min 1.0 - 2.0 bar (15 - 29psi)
170 - 270ml/min 1.0 - 2.0 bar (15 - 29psi)
210 - 310ml/min 1.0 - 2.0 bar (15 - 29psi)
210 - 310ml/min 1.0 - 2.0 bar (15 - 29psi)
170 - 270ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
170 - 270ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
210 - 310ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
210 - 310ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
210 - 350ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
210 - 350ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
210 - 350ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
210 - 350ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
170 - 270ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
180 - 280ml/min 0.7 - 1.0 bar (10 - 15psi)
90 - 230ml/min 1.0 - 2.0 bar (15 - 29psi)
90 - 230ml/min 1.0 - 2.0 bar (15 - 29psi)
250 - 300ml/min 1.0 - 2.0 bar (15 - 29psi)
250 - 300ml/min 1.0 - 2.0 bar (15 - 29psi)
Approx. Fluid
Flow
12
APPLICATION GUIDE
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
Notes:
13
14
APPLICATION GUIDE
APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
15
PAINTING ENVIRONMENT
BRUSHES AND ROLLERS
Awlgrip Urethane Topcoats require three cure cycles.
Use brushes and rollers which are specified for use with urethanes and
epoxies. Household types will ‘melt’ because of their lack of solvent
resistance. The listed products from Corona Brushes and Redtree
Industries have proven to perform satisfactorily with our products.
Equivalent products from other manufacturers may be satisfactory
as well.
BRUSHES:
Corona: Heritage® or Urethaner® brushes are recommended for most
work; or a Europa® if a thinner brush is needed for fine detail work.
Redtree: The Badger®, Onyx®, and Chinese Ox® are recommended for
fine finish work. The Fooler® is recommended for epoxy coatings and
maintenance grade work.
It is sometimes helpful to use at least two brushes. Keep one soaking in
T0031 while using the other. Switch brushes periodically to keep material
from building up in the heel.
TIP:
Remove excess reducer thoroughly from the brush that was
soaking before using again. Spin brushes with a brush spinner
for best results.
ROLLER COVERS:
Corona: The Glasskoter® R101F (1/8” nap), and R201F (3/8” nap) are
conventional mohair type roller covers. The Foam Slicker® F780–012F
is a foam cover.
Redtree: The Deluxe Mohair® R–11PH (3/16” nap) is recommended for
topside enamels and varnishes. The Foam Roller® (1/8” nap) is designed
for all urethanes and epoxies. The Dynex® R–22PH (3/8” nap) is
recommended for bottom paints, epoxies and resins.
A brush should be used for tipping off the paint to remove any bubbles
or stipples left by even the shortest nap rollers. Use fresh T0002 and/or
T0031 to clean or soak equipment. Always keep extra equipment handy
on the job.
First Cure Cycle: This cycle requires 12–24 hours at the standard
conditions of 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H. When this stage is complete the
painted surface can be handled; masking tape can be applied for striping
and the finish appears to be dry. The coating can now be exposed to
weather.
Second Cure Cycle: The second cure requires 72–96 hours at 77˚F
(25˚C), 50% R.H. During this stage the film becomes much harder.
Abrasion and chemical resistance develop. After the second cure
cycle is complete the boat can be safely returned to limited service.
Third Cure Cycle: This third cycle requires 14–21 days at 77˚F (25˚C),
50% R.H. During this time the coating develops all its physical
properties. The casual observer may not be able to determine a
significant difference between Cycle 2 and Cycle 3. However, the cure
is not complete during Cycle 2 and severe service conditions should
be avoided.
These cure calculations are based on exposure at standard conditions
(77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H.) and with coatings applied at the recommended
film thickness.
CAUTION:
Cure rates are subject to many variables. These include, but are
not limited to: ambient temperature, substrate temperature,
relative humidity, applied film thickness, reducer selection, use of
accelerators, retarders and air flow. Temperatures warmer than
the standard conditions of 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H. will speed dry
and cure times. Cooler temperatures will create slower dry and
cure times.
Moisture Complications
Moisture on the surface can be disastrous. Problems are noticable when
moisture comes in contact with the Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats
before they complete the first stage of curing.
Results can be:
• overall loss of gloss and image
• flat spots
• a rough or grainy surface
• blistering
WARNING:
1. Never soak brushes in conditioners, oils or turpentine.
2. Foam brushes become soft and ‘melt’ into the coatings.
They are only suitable for tipping roller stipple on small projects.
These problems can also occur as a result of overcoating a primed surface
that has not adequately cured or applying the topcoat to a surface that is
contaminated with moisture.
Avoid applying topcoats in situations where rain, dew, fog or other
condensation can contact the paint surface before the coating has
completed the first stage of cure. Whenever feasible, erect some kind
of cover or shade over the work area. This cover will help keep dew
from the curing finish.
Condensation occurs when the air becomes completely saturated with
moisture and the temperature drops below the dew point. At standard
conditions (77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H.), avoid applying topcoats when the
temperature could drop below the dew point within 6–8 hours after
the application.
16
APPLICATION GUIDE
ABOVE WATERLINE SYSTEMS
SURFACE PREPARATION
There are many situations where repainting is needed but removing all
the old paint is impractical. However, the cost of labor and materials for
a sand and repaint is significant and there is no gain in painting over a
system that is severely deteriorated or chemically incompatible with the
Awlgrip Systems.
When considering such a project, carefully evaluate the surface and the
condition of the current topcoat and the coatings under it all the way
down to the substrate. Old paint that is peeling extensively, heavily
chalked, blistered or cracked should be completely removed.
Metal substrates should be thoroughly examined for corrosion. This
includes obvious corrosion damage and slight blistering which may
indicate corrosion just ready to break the surface. Large blisters or soft
spots in the film may indicate old fairing work that is failing. On fiberglass
substrates these conditions may be indicative of voids in the glass
system or osmotic blistering. These conditions must be repaired before
applying new coatings.
After initial evaluation perform the following three tests, in the order listed,
to determine the adhesion of the old system and its chemical
compatibility with the Awlgrip Systems.
Performing these tests on more than one area will add validity to the
results. Make notes, collect chips and take photos for the job file. If any
of the following compatibility tests fail, the old coatings must be removed
down to a sound coating layer or to the substrate.
Please take this testing seriously as new epoxy-urethane systems have
failed because of unstable underlying coatings and fillers. While the tests
are not fool-proof, if strictly followed, they can be very accurate. Diligence
in performing the tests can save hours of costly labor downtime and
wasted materials.
Assuming the existing paint system passes the adhesion and
compatibility tests, repainting would include the following:
• Inspection of the surface
• Removal of coatings which fail the adhesion and compatibility tests
• Repair of defects
• Priming the entire surface
• Application of an Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat (above water)
Conditions and remedies should be discussed with the owner, possibly
using a condition report or making notes in the painting contract. Areas
that were not repaired because of time or budget must be noted on the
final invoice.
17
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
SURFACE PREPARATION
COATINGS COMPATIBILITY & ADHESION
TESTS (ABOVE WATER ONLY)
STEP 1
STEP 2
STEP 3
CROSS HATCH ADHESION DIAGRAM
Test One: Cross Hatch Adhesion (See diagram above)
1. Select test area(s) on the surface to be painted. Thoroughly clean,
de-wax and degrease this area.
2. With a sharp blade, cut 6 lines vertically and 6 lines horizontally to give
a box of 25 squares. The cuts must be deep enough to reach the
substrate. On thick fairing systems this test may have to be done to
several different layers.
3. Apply 3M #610, #895 or #898 3M Scotch Brand Filament Tape (or
similar type of packaging tape) over the scribed area, making certain
that the tape is tightly adhered to the test surface. Do not use
masking tape.
4. With an abrupt yank, pull the tape back parallel to the surface. Pulling
the tape straight up will give no test at all.
5. Examine the test surface. If any square of old coating in the scribed
area is removed, the adhesion has failed. All the failed layers must
be removed.
Test Two: Solvent Resistance
1. Saturate a cotton ball or small wad of cloth with one of the
Awlgrip Topcoat or Primer Reducers (T0003 or T0006).
2. Tape the reducer-saturated ball to the scribed area surface for
30 minutes.
3. After 30 minutes remove the cotton ball. If the reducer has dissolved
or severely softened the old coating, the coating is incompatible and
must be removed. If the scribed area has remained intact, allow a
15 minute recovery period and repeat all steps in Test One again.
4. If any square areas are removed, all the failed layers must be
removed.
Test Three: Coating Compatibility
If the old coating is still intact after Tests One and Two, perform
Test Three.
1. Lightly sand a small test area with 220 grit paper. Clean the sanded
areas thoroughly with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP:
Awlprep T0008 ; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) and using clean cloths.
2. Paint a small patch of the surface with Awlgrip Topcoat. Do not use
masking tape on the edges of the test application as the paint edges
created by the tape will ‘print through’ and be visible in the finish.
18
APPLICATION GUIDE
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
COATINGS COMPATIBILITY & ADHESION
TESTS (ABOVE WATER ONLY)
PREVIOUSLY PAINTED SURFACES
continued...
19
continued...
3. Allow the coated area to cure for 24 hours, at temperatures above
77˚F (25˚C).
4. After the area has been allowed to cure, check for intercoat adhesion
with Test One — Cross Hatch Adhesion Test.
5. If there is no lifting, wrinkling or loss of adhesion caused by this cross
hatch test, the Awlgrip Systems are compatible and surface
preparation can begin.
If this test fails all coatings must be removed down to a sound,
well adhered, compatible coating or to the original substrate.
SURFACE PREPARATION
PREVIOUSLY PAINTED SURFACES
Surfaces that are sound and chemically compatible with Awlgrip
Systems and no heavy filling or fairing is required.
1. Thoroughly clean the surface, scrubbing with powdered household
scouring cleanser. Wipe with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP:
Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340),
using the Two Cloth Method. These procedures are outlined on page 3.
2. Inspect the surface for imperfections. Mark the imperfections with
a pencil. Do not use felt tip marker or ink pen.
3. Sand the imperfections with 80 grit paper creating both a feathered
edge and a proper surface profile over which primers and fillers can
be applied.
Surfaces that are rough and require additional surfacing/filling.
1. Thoroughly clean the surface, scrubbing with powdered household
scouring cleanser. Wipe with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP:
Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner
T0340), using the Two Cloth Method. These procedures are outlined
on page 3.
2. Inspect the surface for imperfections. Mark the imperfections with a
pencil. Do not use felt tip marker or ink pen.
3. Sand the imperfections with 80 grit paper creating both a feathered
edge and a proper surface profile over which primers and fillers can
be applied.
NOTE: On metal boats any bare metal exposed by sanding must be
primed with Hullgard Extra or Max Cor CF before applying other
primers or fillers as necessary.
CAUTION:
Do not use a roller to apply the primer as the sharp metal will
snag fibers from the roller. These fibers can act as wicks for
moisture or other contamination to enter the paint film. This
can lead to premature failure of the Awlgrip Coating System.
For further information contact your Technical Service Representative.
Also see aluminum, steel or blister repair sections for details on bare
metal surface preparation and priming.
CAUTION:
CAUTION:
If polyester putties are used they should be kept to an absolute
minimum. Only use polyester putties for pinholes and very slight
scratches. Polyester putties shrink and distort rapidly. Epoxy fillers
are much more stable products. Do not apply polyester putties
over or under Awlfair LW.
4. Prime these filled and sanded areas with 545 Epoxy Primer (Spray).
Allow to cure 12 hours or overnight.
NOTE: For large filled areas use of 545 Epoxy Primer is not
recommended directly to the filler. Prime these areas with High Build.
Priming options: 321 HS Undercoat can be used in place of 545
Epoxy Primer in areas with VOC restrictions. For brush/roll & tip
applications Awlquik may be preferred in place of 545 Epoxy
Primer. Contact your local Technical Representative for
alternative schemes.
After sanding the entire surface is now ready for priming, see page 36.
If polyester putties are used they should be kept to an absolute
minimum. Only use polyester putties for pinholes and very slight
scratches or dents. Polyester putties shrink and distort rapidly.
Epoxy fillers are much more stable products. Do not apply
polyester putties over or under Awlfair LW.
4. Sand the entire surface smooth with 80–120 grit paper. Remove all
gloss from the previous finish.
5. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue. Wipe surface
with (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface
Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
6. Prime the entire surface with High Build. Two coats may be needed.
Allow to cure 12 hours or overnight.
Other alternatives schemes, such as replacing High Build with
Ultra Build, are available. Contact your local Technical Service
Representative for more information.
After sanding, the surface is now ready for fairing and surfacing if
necessary. (See Fairing and Surfacing section for detailed information –
see page 46).
20
APPLICATION GUIDE
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
21
SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
GELCOAT & FIBERGLASS
GELCOAT & FIBERGLASS
Gelcoat/fiberglass surfaces are found in four basic forms:
New and Sound Aged Gelcoat Preparation
1. New gelcoat and aged gelcoat which is sound; basically free of any
crazing, damage or delamination.
2. Aged gelcoat with minor crazing and oxidation but no major cracking,
crazing, damage or delamination.
3. Heavily crazed, cracked, broken and delaminated surfaces.
4. Raw fiberglass, laminating resin with no gelcoat.
Removal of all surface contamination (waxes, mold release products,
dirt, grease, oil and mildew) is imperative to ensure adhesion of the
new Awlgrip Systems.
Most projects involving molded fiberglass/gelcoat usually fall into
categories 1 or 2 and require very little filling or fairing. Refinishing these
surfaces can be accomplished with relatively simple systems of:
• Cleaning and de–waxing the surface
• Sanding the surface
• Applying 545 Epoxy Primer
• Topcoat application
Surface conditions described in categories 3 or 4 require more extensive
attention to abrading the surface and the use of fairing and surfacing
products.
Heavily crazed and damaged surfaces require thorough inspection and
removal of all damaged or deteriorated materials. Cracking and crazing
caused by excessive flexing of the surface may require structural
reinforcement to reduce the flexing. Deep crazing and cracking must be
ground out before filling to change the dynamics of the working surfaces.
Just filling and painting over cracking and crazing usually results in the
defect quickly ‘printing through’ in the new finish.
Raw laminating resin is very hard and slick compared to pigmented
gelcoats and fairing compounds.
Both polyester and epoxy resins must be washed with household
cleanser and water before sanding or grinding. Washing removes mold
release materials, un-reacted styrene on polyester surfaces and amine
residue on epoxy resins.
Raw fiberglass resin must be ground with 36–60 grit paper until 100% of
the surface is dull, with a 36–60 grit surface profile. Allowing even small
spots of un-sanded resin in the weave of the fiber strands can lead to
adhesion failures.
Fiberglass repairs often have an extra layer of laminating resin applied to
give the repair a smoother finish. This allows easy sanding without
exposing the fiberglass itself.
Even though these areas may appear fair and true it is important to give
them the full 36–60 grit grind to ensure good adhesion of the coating
system.
NOTE: Always clean the surface before sanding. Sanding the surface
with sandpaper does not remove wax or other contamination. Sanding
spreads the contamination from one area to another. Sanding often
melts greases and oils into the surface making it impossible to obtain
a clean surface.
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers. Be sure all detergent
residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) as a
final wipe down of the surface.
2. To remove surface contaminants such as grease, mold releases and
flushing oils use a commercial detergent. Scrub with a sponge, soft
brush, or Scotch-Brite® pad as necessary or alternatively use
pressure washers/steam cleaners. Rinse surface thoroughly to
remove all soap residue. Repeat process until rinse water ‘sheets out’
over the entire surface with no breaks or holes in the water film. Allow
to dry. Use Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus
T0115 ; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) as a final wipe down of
the surface.
3. Inspect the surface for pinholes and small scratches. Mark the
imperfections with a pencil. Do not use a felt tip marker.
4. Sand out and feather any scratches or dents with 80 grit paper.
Sand any raw resin until completely dull.
CAUTION:
Do not sand excessively. This will create porosity in the surface
that will have to be filled.
5. Blow off the surface with clean, dry, compressed air while dry wiping
to remove sanding dust and residue. Then wipe with Awlgrip
Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep 400
T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
6. Brush or roll sanded areas with Hullgard Extra.
7. If necessary, fill scratches, gouges and dents with Awlfair LW.
Allow to cure 12+ hours.
CAUTION:
If polyester putties are used they should be kept to an absolute
minimum. Only use polyester putties for pinholes and very slight
scratches or dents. Polyester putties shrink and distort rapidly.
Epoxy fillers are much more stable.
8. Sand the whole surface smooth with 80–120 grit paper. Remove all
gloss from the gelcoat, oxidized gelcoat and lightly crazed areas.
Feather any dents or scratches. Do not sand excessively. This will
create porosity in the surface that will have to be filled.
22
APPLICATION GUIDE
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
23
SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
GELCOAT & FIBERGLASS continued...
ALUMINUM
9. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue. Wipe surface
with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or
Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the
Two Cloth Method.
This section contains preparation methods for two types of
aluminum surfaces:
After sanding the surface is now ready for priming, see page 36.
Surfaces with heavily crazed, cracked, broken, delaminated
gelcoat and raw laminating resin
1. Remove surface contaminants using a commercial detergent or a
powdered household cleanser. Scrub with a sponge, soft brush or
Scotch-Brite® pad as necessary. Alternatively use pressure washers/
steam cleaners. Rinse surface thoroughly to remove all soap residue.
Repeat process until rinse water ‘sheets out’ over the entire surface
with no breaks or holes in the water film. Allow to dry.
2. Inspect heavily crazed areas or damaged areas for excessive flexing
or structural damage. Make structural reinforcements and fiberglass
repairs as needed.
3. Remove heavily crazed, broken and delaminated gelcoat or
fiberglass laminate.
4. Thoroughly grind out damaged areas with a 36–60 grit paper. Heavy
crazing must be completely removed. Grind raw resin areas with
36–60 grit paper.
5. Areas that have been thoroughly ground out need to be primed with
Hullgard Extra. Two or three coats may be needed. Allow to dry
12+ hours.
Depending upon the conditions it may be possible to proceed to filling
and surfacing without the need for sanding (See Fairing and Surfacing
section for detailed information – see page 46).
Please consult product datasheet for further details.
1. Non-anodized parts
• Grinding
• Blasting
• Blister Repair
2. Anodized parts
These systems are designed to provide maximum performance of the
coating system with allowances and adjustments for facility and
engineering limitations. In these situations blasting or grinding the
aluminum to remove the oxidization, creating clean, bright, shiny
aluminum with an appropriate profile will provide excellent performance.
The key here is priming the surface immediately after completing the
blast or grind before the aluminum can re-oxidize. The system for blister
repairs on previously painted surfaces specifically takes into account
difficulties in obtaining perfect surface preparation in these situations.
NON-ANODIZED PARTS
Grinding
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers. Be sure all
detergent residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip WipeDown Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner
T0340) as a final wipe down of the surface.
3
IMPORTANT:
Plan your work schedule carefully! Any area which is ground or
blasted must be primed during the same work shift. Preferably
within 4 hours.
2. Grind with 36 grit disc to bright, clean aluminum. The metal must be
bright silver and completely free of gray oxidation. The surface profile
must be a 2–3 mils profile (50–75 microns).
3. Blow off the surface thoroughly with clean, dry compressed air or
vacuum to remove all grind/sanding residue and any dust or dirt.
Use a brush or broom if necessary.
CAUTION:
Do not use rags to clean this surface. The sharp metal will snag
fibers from the rags. These fibers can act as wicks for moisture
or other contamination to enter the paint film. This can lead to
premature failure of the Awlgrip Coating System.
To hold your surface preparation and prevent the need to repeat
this work, the substrate should now be primed as detailed below.
3
IMPORTANT:
Products in Step 5 must be applied within maximum 72 hours of
the completion of Step 4 (preferably within the same work shift).
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25
SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
ALUMINUM, NON-ANODIZED PARTS –
GRINDING continued...
ALUMINUM, NON-ANODIZED PARTS –
BLASTING continued...
4. Prime the prepared aluminum with Max Cor CF. Spray apply 1 coat
of Max Cor CF in one full wet coat to approximately 0.8–1.4 mils
(20–34 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 0.6–1.0 mil
(15–25 microns) dry film thickness.
3. Blow off the surface thoroughly with clean, dry compressed air or
vacuum to remove all blast/grind/sanding residue and any dust or
dirt. Use a brush or broom if necessary.
3
CAUTION:
Do not use a roller to apply the primer in Step 4.
See previous caution regarding wicks.
5. Apply Hullgard Extra by roller or spray. For spray application apply
9 mils (220 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 4 mils (100 microns)
dry film thickness. Allow a minimum drying time of 3 hours at 68°F
(20ºC) before proceeding.
Roller application will require at least two coats to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) dry film thickness. Allow a drying time of 3 hours at 68°F (20ºC)
between coats.
Depending upon the conditions it may be possible to proceed to filling
and surfacing without the need for sanding (See Fairing and Surfacing
section for detailed information – see page 46). Please consult product
datasheet for further details.
Hotworks on the aluminum will damage the Hullgard Extra primer,
please check with your local Technical Sales Representative for the
appropriate repair guidelines.
Blasting
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers. Be sure all
detergent residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip Wipe-Down
Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340)
as a final wipe down of the surface.
3
CAUTION:
Do not use rags to clean this surface. The sharp metal will snag
fibers from the rags. These fibers can act as wicks for moisture
or other contamination to enter the paint film. This can lead to
premature failure of the Awlgrip Coating System.
IMPORTANT:
Allow to cure for a minimum of 17 hours.
IMPORTANT:
Plan your work schedule carefully! Any area which is ground or
blasted must be primed during the same work shift. Preferably
within 4 hours.
2. Grit blast to bright, clean aluminum with a 2–3 mils (50–75 microns)
profile. If profile is particularly jagged, grind to remove ‘spikes’,
providing a more uniform surface.
To hold your surface preparation and prevent the need to repeat
this work, the substrate should now be primed as detailed below.
3
IMPORTANT:
Products in Step 5 must be applied within 72 hours of the
completion of Step 4 or the surface will have to be sanded
and Step 4 repeated.
4. Prime the prepared aluminum with Max Cor CF. Spray apply Max
Cor CF in one full wet coat to approximately 0.8–1.4 mils (20–34
microns) wet film thickness to achieve 0.6–1.0 mils (15–25 microns)
dry film thickness.
3
IMPORTANT:
Allow to cure for a minimum of 17 hours.
CAUTION:
Do not use a roller to apply the primer in Step 4. See previous
caution regarding wicks.
5. Apply Hullgard Extra by roller or spray. For spray application apply 9
mils (220 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 4 mils (100 microns)
dry film thickness. Allow a minimum drying time of 3 hours at 68°F
(20ºC) before proceeding.
Roller application will require at least two coats to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) dry film thickness. Allow a drying time of 3 hours at 68°F (20ºC)
between coats.
Depending upon the conditions it may be possible to proceed to filling
and surfacing without the need for sanding (See Fairing and Surfacing
section for detailed information – see page 46.)
Please consult product datasheet for further details.
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27
SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
ALUMINUM, NON-ANODIZED PARTS –
continued...
ALUMINUM, NON-ANODIZED PARTS –
BLISTER REPAIR continued...
ALTERNATIVE ALUMINUM SYSTEMS
The intact coatings around the repair area must be tested for adhesion
and compatibility with the Awlgrip Systems. See Previously Painted
Surfaces, – see page 18 for details of these tests.
In some circumstances a full anti-corrosive/fairing system may not be
required (e.g. window frames, parts etc). In such instances there are
two alternative options for coating the suitably prepared aluminum—
A Fast Drying Topcoat System or a Build System. Below details
the surface preparation for both systems.
Fast Drying Topcoat System
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers. Be sure all detergent
residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) as a final
wipe down of the surface.
2. Sand with 180–220 grit paper
3. Blow off the surface thoroughly with clean, dry compressed air or
vacuum to remove all blast/grind/sanding residue and any dust or dirt.
Use a brush or broom if necessary.
4. Apply by air atomized spray 1 coat of Wash Primer CF at 2 mils (50
microns) wet film thickness giving a dry film thickness of 0.25 mils
(6 microns). Several passes are required with the spray gun for a good
surface. The first pass should be relatively slow (5–10cm / 2–4 inches
per second). This pass is to obtain basic coverage.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for topcoat
application, see page 48.
Build System
1. Grind the substrate as per steps 1–3, page 23 or blast the substrate
as per steps 1–3, page 24.
2. Apply by air atomized spray 1 coat of Wash Primer CF at 2 mils (50
microns) wet film thickness giving a dry film thickness of 0.25 mils
(6 microns). Several passes are required with the spray gun for a good
surface. The first pass should be relatively slow (5–10cm / 2–4 inches
per second). This pass is to obtain basic coverage.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime and
topcoat application, see page 48.
3
IMPORTANT
While the build system will be touch dry at 24 hours at 77˚F (25°C)
following topcoat application, it’s important for the ‘controlled
fusion’ to fully activate and through dry. No assembly, stacking
or drilling should take place prior to 2 weeks at 77°F (25°C),
or 3 weeks at 55°F (13°C).
Blister Repair
This section is for repairing corrosion–related blistering on both heavily
faired surfaces and surfaces with little or no fairing where obtaining ideal
surface preparation and profile is not feasible.
On heavily faired surfaces this system should be limited to repairs 1sq ft.
(30cm2) or less of bare metal. Repairs exposing more than 1sq ft. (30cm2)
of bare metal are indicators of serious problems in the paint system. Full
repair would require removal of large areas of the coating system and
preparation as per full system application.
After completion of the repairs the blistered areas and surrounding sound
surfaces would be prepared and primed as per Previously Painted
Surfaces – see page 18.
NOTE: Corrosion, and the resultant blistering, is often caused by
construction features such as stitch welded attachment of rails and
brackets, contact of dissimilar metals at hardware attachments and
improperly grounded electrical systems.
Repairs which only address the blister, and not the root cause of the
blister, usually result in reoccurrence of the blister in the same area.
A detailed condition report should be written for those responsible
for the yacht’s maintenance. With the report, the owner, or owner’s
representative, can make an informed decision on how extensive
the repair process should be.
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners, or pressure washers. Be sure all
detergent residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip
Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface
Cleaner T0340) for a final wipe down of the surface.
2. Grind with a 36–60 grit disk to remove blistered materials. Grind
until all loose materials are removed and you reach a hard, tightly
bound edge to the paint system. Then bevel/feather the edge of the
repair at a 6:1 ratio. The slope of the repair must be at least 6 times
the depth.
If more than 1sq ft. (30cm2) of bare metal is exposed, re-grind the areas
with a 36 grit disk until a hard, tightly bound edge is obtained.
3a. On areas where fairing will be needed: Grind bare metal with a 36–60
grit disk until bright, silver metal is obtained. After grinding, remove
corrosion from the pits by spot blasting.
3b. On smooth, unfilled areas, clean the metal bright using 120–180 grit
paper. Spot sand blasting may be necessary to remove corrosion
from pits.
4. Blow off the surface thoroughly with clean, dry compressed air or
vacuum to remove all blast/grind/sanding residue and any dust
or dirt. Use a brush or broom if necessary.
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SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
ALUMINUM, NON-ANODIZED PARTS –
BLISTER REPAIR continued...
ANODIZED PARTS
To hold your surface preparation and prevent the need to repeat
this work, the substrate should now be primed as detailed below.
TIP:
For the ultimate anti–corrosive scheme first prime the prepared
aluminum with Max Cor CF.
NOTE: This must be within 4 hours of final surface preparation.
Spray apply Max Cor CF in one full wet coat to approximately
0.8–1.4 mils (20–34 microns) wet film thickness to achieve
0.6–1.0 mils (15–25 microns) dry film thickness.
3
3
IMPORTANT:
Allow to cure for a minimum of 17 hours.
IMPORTANT:
Following removal of the blistered material and the aluminum being
suitably prepared, the first coat of primer must be applied within
8 hours, ideally within 4 hours. Products in Step 5 must be applied
within 72 hours of the completion of Max Cor CF application.
CAUTION:
Do not use a roller to apply Max Cor CF.
See previous caution regarding wicks.
5. Apply Hullgard Extra by roller or spray.
NOTE: Only apply Hullgard Extra by roller if applying over Max Cor
CF due to risk of snagging roller fibers. For spray application apply
9 mils (220 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 4 mils (100 microns)
dry film thickness. Allow a minimum drying time of 3 hours at 68°F
(20ºC) before proceeding.
Roller application will require at least two coats to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) dry film thickness. Allow a drying time of 3 hours at 68°F (20ºC)
between coats.
Depending upon the conditions it may be possible to proceed to filling
and surfacing without the need for sanding (See Fairing and Surfacing
section for detailed information – see page 46). Please consult product
datasheet for further details.
For thin film, no fairing systems (with Max Cor CF applied to the repaired
areas) e.g. masts, window frames and other smooth, cast or extruded
parts proceed to 4b, see page 44.
29
This is designed for the coating of smooth parts which require no fairing
or filling. Unlike non-anodized aluminum, anodized aluminum requires a
pre-primer. This general system is for anodized mast, spars, equipment
and accessories that are above deck and require no filling or fairing.
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners, or pressure washers. Be sure all
detergent residue is rinsed form the surface. Use Awlgrip WipeDown Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner
T0340) for a final wipe down of the surface.
2. Anodized parts should be sanded with 80–120 grit paper to ‘break’
the anodized surface to ensure adhesion of the pre-primer.
3. For architectural grades of anodized aluminum, the surface must be
thoroughly sanded with 40–80 grit paper until a surface profile is
present. The surface must then be thoroughly cleaned and degreased
with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340).
4. Apply Wash Primer CF by spray. Apply one full wet coat to
approximately 2–4 mils (50-100 microns) wet film thickness to achieve
0.25–0.50 mils (7-13 microns) dry film thickness. Allow to cure 1 hour.
After sanding the surface is now ready for priming, see page 44.
TIP:
If substrate only requires pre-priming and topcoating the following
Fast Drying Topcoat System can be applied.
Prepare the substrate as per steps 1–3 (see page 26). Sand with
180-220 grit sand paper. Apply by air atomized spray 1 coat of
Wash Primer CF at 2 mils (50 microns) wet film thickness giving a
dry film thickness of 0.25 mils (6 microns). (Several passes are
required with the spray gun for a good surface. The first pass
should be relatively slow (5–10 cm/ 2–4 inches per second). This
pass is to obtain basic coverage). Following sanding, if necessary,
surface is now ready for topcoat application, see page 48.
TIP:
Alternatively, if the anodizing is removed through sanding, Max
Cor CF can be used in place of Wash Primer CF. For details on
the preparation and application of Max Cor CF, following removal
of the anodized layer, please refer to the section on surface
preparation and priming of non–anodized aluminum in this guide
(see page 24).
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SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
WOOD
WOOD continued...
PAINTED SYSTEMS
Wooden boats seldom require any extensive filling or fairing. The
following surface preparation system is recommended for all but the
most severe cases of deterioration on a wooden boat. Contact your
local Technical Sales Representative to confirm the suitability of an
Awlgrip System for your wooden boat.
The Awlgrip Topcoat may crack over working seams and miters. If the
paint on the boat is cracking, the seam will crack when painted with
Awlgrip. The Awlgrip Topcoat may crack when previous coatings did not.
Awlgrip does not consider cracking over seams or miters a failure.
TIP:
Use of a marine teak cleaner or wood bleach is advised on new
wood to remove excess oils, promote color uniformity and
adhesion. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use and
thoroughly remove all cleaner and neutralizer residue before
proceeding. Oily Timbers: Wash down with Awlgrip Wipe-Down
Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170; EU:
Surface Cleaner T0340) and allow to dry before sanding.
1. The wood should be clean, dry, smooth and well seasoned. Moisture
content must be below 15%. Never paint wet or green lumber.
Painted wet or green lumber will blister.
2. Sand the surface smooth with 80–120 grit paper.
3. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while wiping with
clean rags to remove sanding and dust residue. Wipe the surface with
Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep
400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth
Method.
4. Apply a light coat of 545 Epoxy Primer to seams before applying a
seam sealer. Allow 545 Epoxy Primer to cure 4–6 hours.
5. Fill seams with high quality marine seam sealer such as polyurethane or
polysulfide. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for application
and cure of the seam sealer. Allow the seam sealer to cure fully before
proceeding. Do not use silicone based products.
6. Seal the wood with a light coat of 545 Epoxy Primer (spray) reduced
40% with T0006. Allow to cure 12–16 hours.
If cured more than 24 hours the seal coat must be lightly sanded with
180–220 grit paper before proceeding.
Alternatively you can also use Awlquik (Brush & Roll) reduced
50–70% with T0031 in place of 545 Epoxy Primer.
Surface is now ready for final priming and topcoating – see page 48.
TRADITIONAL BRIGHTWORK SYSTEMS
The following surface preparation system is recommended if the final
system to be applied is a traditional Brightwork system using Awlspar
and/or Awlbrite. If the final system to be applied is the Awlwood Exterior
Clearcoat system please use the surface preparation detailed on
page 31.
31
1. The wood should be clean, dry, smooth and well seasoned. Moisture
content must be below 15%. Never paint wet or green lumber.
Painted wet or green lumber will blister.
TIP:
Use of a marine teak cleaner or wood bleach is advised on new
wood to remove excess oils, promote color uniformity, and adhesion.
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for use and thoroughly remove
all cleaner and neutralizer residue before proceeding. Oily Timbers:
Wash down with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep
T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) and allow to dry before sanding.
2. Rough sawn lumber must receive heavy sanding to level the grain.
Sand with 3M Production (Brown) sandpaper. The 3M Gold or
Tri-M-ite® type sandpapers may leave a white stain. Work through the
grits to effectively level the grain 60/80 to 100/150 to 220, and so on.
When the grain is level, smooth sand the surface with 320 grit paper.
3. Blow off the surface with clean, dry, compressed air while wiping with
clean rags to remove sanding and dust residue. Wipe the surface with
Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep
400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
Surface is now ready for application of the brightwork system –
see page 51.
AWLWOOD EXTERIOR CLEARCOAT SYSTEMS
1. Any cracks in the timber should be epoxy filled or splined with timber
prior to sanding. Radius all edges to ensure that no sharp corners
remain.
CAUTION:
Never use teak cleaners – Oxalic acid residues impede proper
curing of both primers and topcoats.
2. If timber is badly weathered, scrub with the grain using a stiff bristled
wire brush and running water to remove all grey timber from the
surface before sanding.
3. Remove all previous coating systems and contaminants. The surface
of the timber should be mechanically removed until coloration is even
and the original timber tone has been exposed.
4. All substrates must be sanded using no finer than P120 grit (sanding
with the grain for the final sand).
5. If bare timber has been saturated with salt water at any stage, scrub
well with fresh water to remove salt deposits from the timber before
commencing sanding.
6. If the timber gets wet after the final sand water spots may appear.
Re-sand these areas with P120 grit paper before priming.
Applying to Resinous Timber
1. Remove any sanding dust from the grain of the timber using clean
compressed air, vacuum or brush.
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33
SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
WOOD continued...
STEEL – HOT & COLD ROLLED
2. Working in sections, apply Acetone by brush, scrubbing in well, then
remove immediately using paper towels or rags which are changed
frequently. Failure to follow this method can result in a greater
concentration of resin on the surface of the timber.
Blasting
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers. Be sure all detergent
residues are rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip Wipe-Down
Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340)
as a final wipe down of the surface.
3. Ensure the surface is completely dry before applying the Awlwood MA
Primer. Apply the primer within an hour of degreasing.
NOTE: Occasionally some timber extracts can retard the cure of the
primer. Test on small areas if unsure.
3
Filling Defects/Fixing Holes
1. For all defects, where possible, and especially for screw holes, the best
solution for filling is to use wooden plugs of the same wood. Care
should be taken to line the grain up if inserting plugs and should be
fixed into place using an epoxy resin based glue. Any excess glue
should be removed by sanding the cured epoxy before priming to
prevent irregular spots in the varnished finish.
If this method is not feasible or possible then the use of an epoxy resin
mixed with dust/shavings (preferably from the same wood as that
being coated). Once cured these filled areas should be sanded prior
to application of the primer. Any excess glue should be removed by
sanding the cured epoxy before priming to prevent irregular spots in
the varnished finish.
NOTE: This method may result in these areas appearing slightly darker
than surrounding wood due to the absorbencies of epoxy compared
to the wood. Use of a colored primer will help minimize color
differences. Alternatively addition of colored primer, as noted
elsewhere in TDS, to the topcoats will have the same effect.
Always test on a small non-visible area first.
2. Grit blast to white metal in accordance with SSPC-SP10 (Sa2½) to a
2–3 mils (50–75 microns) profile. If profile is particularly jagged, grind
to remove ‘spikes’, providing a more uniform surface.
3. Blow off the surface thoroughly with clean, dry compressed air or
vacuum to remove all blast/grind/sanding residue and any dust or dirt.
Use a brush or broom if necessary.
CAUTION:
Do not use rags to clean this surface. The sharp metal will snag
fibers from the rags. These fibers can act as wicks for moisture or
other contamination to enter the paint film. This can lead to
premature failure of the Awlgrip Coating System.
To hold your surface preparation and prevent the need to repeat
this work, the substrate should now be primed as detailed below.
TIP:
For the ultimate anti–corrosive scheme first prime the prepared
steel with Max Cor CF.
NOTE: This must be during the same work shift, preferably within
4 hours after the final surface preparation. Spray apply Max Cor
CF in one full wet coat to approximately 0.8–1.4 mils (20–34
microns) wet film thickness to achieve 0.6–1.0 mils (15–25
microns) dry film thickness.
Surface is now ready for application of the Awlwood Clearcoat system –
see page 56.
EPOXY PRIMER OR FIBERGLASS/CARBON
FIBER
1. Machine or hand sand to remove defects finishing with P180 grit
paper. Ensure that no epoxy blush is present. Test in a small
non-visible area to confirm adhesion if unsure.
These substrates do not require use of Awlwood MA Primer. Awlwood
MA Finish can be directly applied to the properly prepared substrate –
see page 58.
IMPORTANT:
Plan your work schedule carefully! Any area which is ground or
blasted must be primed during the same work shift, preferably
within 4 hours.
3
IMPORTANT:
Allow to cure for a minimum of 17 hours.
4. Apply Hullgard Extra by roller or spray.
NOTE: Only apply Hullgard Extra by roller if applying over Max Cor
CF due to risk of snagging roller fibers. For spray application apply
9 mils (220 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 4 mils (100 microns)
dry film thickness. Allow a minimum drying time of 3 hours at 68°F
(20ºC) before proceeding.
Roller application will require at least two coats to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) dry film thickness. Allow a drying time of 3 hours at 68°F (20ºC)
between coats.
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35
SURFACE PREPARATION
SURFACE PREPARATION
STEEL – HOT & COLD ROLLED continued...
STEEL – HOT & COLD ROLLED continued...
Depending upon the conditions it may be possible to proceed to filling
and surfacing without the need for sanding the substrate primer. (See
Fairing and Surfacing section for detailed information— see page 46).
Please consult product datasheet for further details.
Grinding
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers. Be sure all
detergent residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip WipeDown Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115 ; EU: Surface Cleaner
T0340) as a final wipe down of the surface.
3
IMPORTANT:
Plan your work schedule carefully! Any area which is ground or
blasted must be primed during the same work shift. Preferably
within 4 hours.
2. Grind with 36 grit disc to bright, clean steel.The metal must be bright
silver, completely free of gray oxidation. The surface profile must be
a 2–3 mils profile (50–75 microns).
3. Blow off the surface thoroughly with clean, dry compressed air or
vacuum to remove all grind/sanding residue and any dust or dirt.
Use a brush or broom if necessary.
CAUTION:
Do not use rags to clean this surface. The sharp metal will snag
fibers from the rags. These fibers can act as wicks for moisture or
other contamination to enter the paint film. This can lead to
premature failure of the Awlgrip Coating System. To hold your
surface preparation and prevent the need to repeat this work,
the substrate should now be primed as detailed below.
4. Apply Hullgard Extra by roller or spray.
NOTE: This must be during the same work shift, preferably within
4 hours after the final surface preparation.
NOTE: Only apply Hullgard Extra by roller if applying over Max Cor
CF due to risk of snagging roller fibers. For spray application apply
9 mils (220 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 4 mils (100 microns)
dry film thickness. Allow a minimum drying time of 3 hours at 68°F
(20ºC) before proceeding.
Roller application will require at least two coats to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) dry film thickness. Allow a drying time of 3 hours at 68°F (20ºC)
between coats.
Depending upon the conditions it may be possible to proceed to filling
and surfacing without the need for sanding (See Fairing and Surfacing
section for detailed information— see page 46).
Please consult product datasheet for further details.
Hotworks on the steel will damage the Hullgard Extra primer,
please check with your local Technical Sales Representative for
the appropriate repair guidelines
ALTERNATIVE STEEL SYSTEMS
In some circumstances a full anti-corrosive/fairing system may not be
required (e.g. window frames, parts etc). In such instances there is
an alternative option for coating the suitably prepared steel—a
Build System. Below details the surface preparation for the system.
Build System
1. Grind the substrate as per steps 1–3, (see page 34) or blast the
substrate as per steps 1–3, (see page 33).
2. Apply by air atomized spray 1 coat of Wash Primer CF at 2 mils
(50 microns) wet film thickness giving a dry film thickness of
0.25 mils (6 microns). Several passes are required with the spray
gun for a good surface. The first pass should be relatively slow
(5–10cm / 2–4 inches per second). This pass is to obtain basic
coverage.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime and
topcoat application, see page 48.
3
IMPORTANT
While the build system will be touch dry at 24 hours at 77˚F (25°C)
following topcoat application, it’s important for the ‘controlled
fusion’ to fully activate and through dry. No assembly, stacking
or drilling should take place prior to 2 weeks at 77°F (25°C),
or 3 weeks at 55°F (13°C).
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37
APPLICATION
APPLICATION
PREVIOUSLY PAINTED SURFACE PRIMING
PREVIOUSLY PAINTED SURFACE PRIMING
continued...
Before any coating work, carefully prepare the surface of the substrate in
accordance with the details outlined in the Surface Preparation section
of the Application Guide and Product Datasheets.
Detailed information on surface preparation of previously painted
surfaces and GRP substrates, prior to priming, can be found on
page 18.
Smooth sound condition
1. After cleaning sand the entire surface smooth with 120–180 grit
paper. Remove all gloss from the previous finish.
2. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue. Wipe surface
with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
3. Apply specified number of coats of 545 Epoxy Primer or 321 HS
Undercoat with the appropriate overcoating interval between coats.
TIP:
High Build is an excellent barrier coat over underlying paint
systems and can be used in the step above in place of
545 Epoxy Primer. However, if applying only 545 Epoxy Primer
(provided sufficient DFT is applied and the sanded finish is
acceptably smooth) this coat can be seen as the final priming
step as per page 48 of this guide. Further application of 545
Epoxy Primer prior to topcoating would not be necessary.
Finish Priming options: 321 HS Undercoat can be used in place
of 545 Epoxy Primer in areas with VOC restrictions. For brush/roll
& tip applications Awlquik may be preferred in place of 545 Epoxy
Primer. Contact your local Technical Sales Representative for
alternative schemes.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime
and topcoat. See page 48.
Rough condition, additional surfacing/filling required
1. After cleaning sand the entire surface smooth with 120–180 grit paper.
2. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue. Wipe surface
with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method. Fill or fair
if necessary. (See Fairing and Surfacing section for detailed
information— see page 46).
If unnecessary proceed to step 3.
3. Apply specified number of coats of 545 Epoxy Primer or 321 HS
Undercoat with the appropriate overcoating interval between coats.
TIP:
High Build is an excellent barrier coat over underlying paint
systems and can be used in the step above in place of 545
Epoxy Primer. However, if applying only 545 Epoxy Primer
(provided sufficient DFT is applied and the sanded finish is
acceptably smooth) this coat can be seen as the final priming
step as per section, page 48 of this guide. Further application of
545 Epoxy Primer prior to topcoating would not be necessary.
Finish Priming options: 321 HS Undercoat can be used in place
of 545 Epoxy Primer in areas with VOC restrictions. For brush/roll
& tip applications Awlquik may be preferred in place of 545 Epoxy
Primer. Contact your local Technical Sales Representative for
alternative schemes.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime and
topcoat. See page 48.
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APPLICATION
APPLICATION
GELCOAT PRIMING
GELCOAT PRIMING continued...
New and sound aged gelcoat.
1. After cleaning sand the entire surface smooth with 120–180 grit
paper.
2. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue. Wipe surface
with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
3. Apply specified number of coats of 545 Epoxy Primer with the
appropriate overcoating interval between coats.
6. Sand the entire surface smooth with 120–180 grit paper.
7. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue. Wipe surface
with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 ;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
8. Apply specified number of coats of 545 Epoxy Primer with the
appropriate overcoating interval between coats.
TIP:
The application of the 545 Epoxy Primer in the step above,
(provided sufficient DFT is applied and the sanded finish is
acceptably smooth) can be seen as the final priming coat as per
page 48 of this guide. Further application of 545 Epoxy Primer
prior to topcoating would not be necessary.
Finish Priming options: 321 HS Undercoat can be used in place
of 545 Epoxy Primer in areas with VOC restrictions. For brush/roll
& tip applications Awlquik may be preferred in place of 545 Epoxy
Primer. Contact your local Technical Sales Representative for
alternative schemes.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime
and topcoat. See page 48.
Surfaces with heavily crazed, cracked, broken, delaminated
gelcoat and raw laminating resin and epoxy coated/laminated
wood.
1. Any areas that have been previously ground out need to be primed
with Hullgard Extra. Two or three coats may be needed. Allow to dry
12+ hours.
2. Fill and fair as necessary with Awlfair LW. Allow to cure 12+ hours.
CAUTION:
If polyester putties are used they should be kept to an absolute
minimum. Only use polyester putties for pinholes and very slight
scratches or dents (1mm deep x 1mm wide maximum use).
Polyester putties shrink and distort rapidly. Epoxy fillers are much
more stable.
3. Sand the entire surface smooth with 80–120 grit paper. Remove all
gloss from the gelcoat, oxidized gelcoat and lightly crazed areas.
Feather any dents or scratches. Do not sand excessively. This will
create porosity in the surface that will have to be filled.
4. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue.
5. Prime the entire surface with High Build. Two coats may be
needed. Allow to cure 12 hours or overnight.
Other alternatives schemes, such as replacing High Build with
Ultra Build, are available. Contact your local Technical Sales
Representative for more information.
TIP:
The application of the 545 Epoxy Primer in the step above,
(provided sufficient DFT is applied and the sanded finish is
acceptably smooth) can be seen as the final priming coat as per
page 48 of this guide. Further application of 545 Epoxy Primer
prior to topcoating would not be necessary.
For brush/roll & tip applications Awlquik may be preferred in place
of 545 Epoxy Primer. Contact your local Technical Sales
Representative for alternative schemes.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime
and topcoat. See page 48.
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APPLICATION
APPLICATION
ALUMINUM PRIMING
ALUMINUM PRIMING continued...
Detailed information on surface preparation of aluminum substrates and
blister repairs, prior to priming, can be found on page 23.
8. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue. Wipe surface
with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
NON–ANODIZED ALUMINUM
1. Apply Max Cor CF to the prepared aluminum in areas with an
increased corrosion risk for maximum protection. Spray apply
Max Cor CF in one full wet coat to approximately 0.8–1.4 mils
(20–34 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 0.6–1.0 mils
(15–25 microns) dry film thickness.
3
9. Prime the entire surface with 545 Epoxy Primer (Spray).
Allow to dry 12+ hours.
Alternatively you can also use Awlquik (Brush & Roll) in place of
545 Epoxy Primer.
IMPORTANT:
Allow to cure for a minimum 17 hours.
TIP:
The application of the 545 Epoxy Primer in the step above,
(provided sufficient DFT is applied and the sanded finish is
acceptably smooth) can be seen as the final priming coat as per
page 48 of this guide. Further application of 545 Epoxy Primer
prior to topcoating would not be necessary.
CAUTION:
Do not use a roller to apply the primer in Step 1. Products in
Step 2 must be applied within 72 hours of the completion of
Step 1 or the surface must be removed and Step 1 repeated.
2. Apply Hullgard Extra by roller or spray.
NOTE: Only apply Hullgard Extra by roller if applying over Max Cor
CF due to risk of snagging roller fibers. For spray application apply
9 mils (220 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 4 mils (100 microns)
dry film thickness. Allow a minimum drying time of 3 hours at 68°F
(20ºC) before proceeding.
Roller application will require at least two coats to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) dry film thickness. Allow a drying time of 3 hours at 68°F (20ºC)
between coats.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime and
topcoat. See page 48.
ALUMINUM BLISTER REPAIR
3
3. Fill and fair as necessary with Awlfair LW. Allow to cure 12+ hours.
NOTE: Apply Awlfair LW within 6 months of application of Hullgard
Extra. Alternatively sand Hullgard Extra prior to application of
Awlfair LW if more than 6 months has passed.
TIP:
For the ultimate anti-corrosive scheme first prime the prepared
aluminum with Max Cor CF.
NOTE: This must be during the same work shift, preferably within
4 hours after the final surface preparation. Spray apply Max Cor
CF in one full wet coat to approximately 0.8–1.4 mils (20–34
microns) wet film thickness to achieve 0.6–1.0 mils (15–25
microns) dry film thickness.
CAUTION:
If polyester putties are used they should be kept to an absolute
minimum. Only use polyester putties for pinholes and very slight
scratches or dents (1mm deep x 1mm wide maximum use).
Polyester putties shrink and distort rapidly. Epoxy fillers are much
more stable.
4. Block and machine sand with 36-80 grit paper. Remove air pockets
and chamfer the edges prior to refilling as appropriate.
5. Remove sanding dust and residue before applying more Awlfair LW.
Stop when the faired surface meets the fairing quality specified for
the project.
6. Prime the entire surface with High Build. Allow to cure 12 hours
or overnight.
Other alternatives schemes, such as replacing High Build with
Ultra Build, are available. Contact your local Technical Service
Representative for more information.
7. High Build must always be sanded with 120–220 grit paper
before overcoating.
IMPORTANT:
Following removal of the blistered material and the aluminum
being suitably prepared, the first coat of primer must be applied
within 8 hours, ideally within 4 hours. Products in Step 1 must be
applied within 72 hours of the completion of Max Cor CF
application or the surface must be removed and Max Cor CF
re-applied.
3
IMPORTANT:
Allow to cure for a minimum 17 hours.
CAUTION:
Do not use a roller to apply Max Cor CF. See previous caution
regarding wicks. Products in Step 1 must be applied within 72
hours of the completion of Max Cor CF application or the surface
must be removed and Max Cor CF re-applied.
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APPLICATION
APPLICATION
ALUMINUM BLISTER REPAIR continued...
ALUMINUM BLISTER REPAIR continued...
1. Apply Hullgard Extra by roller or spray.
NOTE: Only apply Hullgard Extra by roller if applying over Max Cor
CF due to risk of snagging roller fibers. For spray application apply
9 mils (220 microns) wet film thickness to achieve 4 mils (100 microns)
dry film thickness. Allow a minimum drying time of 3 hours at 68°F
(20ºC) before proceeding.
4b. Thin film unfaired systems:
Max Cor CF must be primed with either Hullgard Extra or High Build
before application of 545 Epoxy Primer (spray). Allow 12+ hours.
Roller application will require at least two coats to achieve 4 mils
(100 microns) dry film thickness. Allow a drying time of 3 hours at
68°F (20ºC) between coats.
2. Fill and fair as necessary with Awlfair LW. Allow to cure 12+ hours.
CAUTION:
If polyester putties are used they should be kept to an absolute
minimum. Only use polyester putties for pinholes and very slight
scratches or dents (1mm deep x 1mm wide maximum use).
Polyester putties shrink and distort rapidly. Epoxy fillers are much
more stable.
3. Block and machine sand with 36–80 grit paper. Remove air pockets
and chamfer the edges prior to refilling as appropriate. Remove
sanding dust and residue before applying more Awlfair LW. Stop
when the faired surface meets the fairing quality specified for
the project.
4a. Faired Systems:
Prime the entire surface with High Build. Allow to cure 12 hours
or overnight.
Other alternatives schemes, such as replacing High Build with
Ultra Build, are available. Contact your local Technical Sales
Representative for more information.
Sand the entire surface smooth with 120–220 grit paper.
Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue. Wipe surface
with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
Prime the entire surface with 545 Epoxy Primer (Spray).
Allow to dry 12+ hours.
TIP:
The application of the 545 Epoxy Primer in the step above,
(provided sufficient DFT is applied and the sanded finish is
acceptably smooth) can be seen as the final priming coat as per
page 48 of this guide. Further application of 545 Epoxy Primer
prior to topcoating would not be necessary.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime and
topcoat. See page 48.
Alternatively you can also use Awlquik (Brush & Roll) in place of
545 Epoxy Primer.
TIP:
Use care when applying this primer. If smoothly applied and all
surfaces are adequately covered, it may be used as the final
prime step.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final
prime and topcoat. See page 48.
ANODIZED ALUMINUM
(pre–treated with Wash Primer CF)
1. Prime the entire surface with 545 Epoxy Primer (Spray). Allow to dry
12+ hours.
Alternatively you can also use Awlquik (Brush & Roll) in place of
545 Epoxy Primer.
TIP:
Use care when applying this primer. If smoothly applied and all
surfaces are adequately covered, it may be used as the final
prime step.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime and
topcoat. See page 48.
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APPLICATION
APPLICATION
STEEL PRIMING
STEEL PRIMING continued...
Detailed information on surface preparation of steel substrates, prior to
priming, can be found on page 33.
7. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry
wiping with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue.
Wipe surface with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep
T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170 ; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340)
using the Two Cloth Method.
8. Prime the entire surface with 545 Epoxy Primer (Spray).
Allow to dry 12+ hours.
TIP:
For the ultimate anti–corrosive scheme first prime the prepared
steel with Max Cor CF.
NOTE: This must be during the same work shift, preferably within
4 hours after the final surface preparation. Spray apply Max Cor
CF in one full wet coat to approximately 0.8–1.4 mils (20–34
microns) wet film thickness to achieve 0.6–1.0 mils (15–25
microns) dry film thickness.
3
IMPORTANT:
Allow to cure for a minimum 17 hours.
1. Apply Hullgard Extra by roller or spray.
NOTE: Only apply Hullgard Extra by roller if applying over
Max Cor CF due to risk of snagging roller fibers.
For spray application apply 9 mils (220 microns) wet film thickness
to achieve 4 mils (100 microns) dry film thickness. Allow a minimum
drying time of 3 hours at 68°F (20ºC) before proceeding.
Roller application will require at least two coats to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) dry film thickness. Allow a drying time of 3 hours at 68°F (20ºC)
between coats.
2. Fill and fair as necessary with Awlfair LW. Allow to cure 12+ hours.
NOTE: Apply Awlfair LW within 6 months of application of Hullgard
Extra. Alternatively sand Hullgard Extra prior to application of
Awlfair LW if more than 6 months has passed.
CAUTION:
If polyester putties are used they should be kept to an absolute
minimum. Only use polyester putties for pinholes and very slight
scratches or dents (1mm deep x 1mm wide maximum use).
Polyester putties shrink and distort rapidly. Epoxy fillers are much
more stable.
3. Block and machine sand with 36–80 grit paper. Remove air pockets
and chamfer the edges prior to refilling as appropriate.
4. Remove sanding dust and residue before applying more Awlfair LW.
Stop when the faired surface meets the fairing quality specified for
the project.
5. Prime the entire surface with High Build. Allow to cure 12 hours
or overnight.
Other alternatives schemes, such as replacing High Build with
Ultra Build, are available. Contact your local Technical Sales
Representative for more information.
6. Sand the entire surface smooth with 120–180 grit paper.
Alternatively you can also use Awlquik (Brush & Roll) in place of
545 Epoxy Primer
TIP:
The application of the 545 Epoxy Primer in the step above,
(provided sufficient DFT is applied and the sanded finish is
acceptably smooth) can be seen as the final priming coat as per
page 48 of this guide. Further application of 545 Epoxy Primer
prior to topcoating would not be necessary.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final
prime and topcoat. See page 48.
WOOD EPOXY PRIMING
Detailed information on surface preparation of a wooden substrate, prior
to priming, can be found on page 30.
1. Apply 2–3 coats High Build. Allow to cure 12+ hours.
Alternatively you can use 545 Epoxy Primer in place of
High Build. Consult your local Technical Sales Representative for
further information on alternative schemes.
Following sanding, if necessary, surface is now ready for final prime and
topcoat. See page 48.
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APPLICATION
APPLICATION
FAIRING & SURFACING
FAIRING & SURFACING continued...
Fairing and surfacing are similar activities with subtle but specific
differences. Often both procedures will be used on the same project
or surface.
In general, fairing involves the use of trowel applied filler putties such as
Awlfair LW, which can be applied to significant film thickness. Fairing
often involves creating a new line or shape to the surface, not just filling
low areas or dents and dings.
Surfacing is usually accomplished through the use of liquid coatings
which are relatively thick (viscous) products which will fill and cover
scratches, dings, pinholes, light crazing, mold defects and other relatively
minor physical defects on a surface or part which otherwise has a true or
fair line. Awlgrip products which fit this description include High Build,
Ultra Build, Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound and Awlquik.
Sanding Primers: If the overcoating interval for Hullgard Extra has been
exceeded, sand areas where Awlfair LW is to be applied with 80 grit
paper. For heavy fairing projects where the Awlfair LW will be applied to
High Build or Ultra Build primers; sand with 60–80 grit paper.
Above the waterline fairing and surfacing has four basic
requirements:
• Properly prepare and prime the surface with the recommended
primer before starting any filling or fairing*
• Start work with heavy fillers and proceed to lighter products. Make
large depressions or low spots into smaller or shallower areas as
your work progresses
• Always sand between applications of Awlfair LW
• Always seal the completed faired and surfaced system with High
Build or Ultra Build followed by at least two full wet coats of
545 Epoxy Primer before topcoating. 545 Epoxy Primer seals the
relatively porous, heavily filled surfacing materials. This sealing also
provides uniform color holdout for the Awlgrip/Awlcraft 2000
Topcoats, thus a better looking job with uniform gloss, color,
and appearance.
*Hullgard Extra is the recommended epoxy primer suitable for all
substrates. High Build is an alternative primer that has proven popular
with many users. When this is to be applied over a metal substrate such
as steel or aluminum, a pre-primer such as Max Cor CF should be used
for maximum anticorrosion protection.
WARNING:
Do not use automotive body fillers, spot putties, lacquer glazing
putties or similar water sensitive products in fairing projects.
These products are not designed for marine applications and will
not adhere to Awlfair LW or Epoxy Sprayable Fairing
Compound.
FAIRING PROCEDURES
1. Properly prepare and prime the surface. See surface preparation
sections for each substrate for this information.
2. Maintain the correct primer thickness between filler and substrate,
multiple coats may be needed. High Build and Ultra Build primers
cure to particularly hard films over time and are therefore suited to
protecting underlying primer coats from sand-through.
3. Examine the surface for highs and lows. Mark low areas with a pencil.
Do not use felt tip markers or ink pens.
4. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue.
5. Fill all areas deeper than 20 mils (500 microns) with Awlfair LW.
Thoroughly mix the material to a uniform pink color with no streaks
or lumps.
WARNING:
Do not add reducers, solvents or thinners of any kind to
Awlfair LW.
6. Apply Awlfair LW by trowel to an area you can work in 15–20 minutes.
Start with thin coats of up to 6mm in low areas and build out to high
areas. Allow to cure. Several applications may be necessary to fill
large areas.
7. Block and machine sand with 36–80 grit paper. Remove air pockets
and chafer the edges prior to refilling as appropriate.
8. Blow off sanding dust and residue before applying more Awlfair LW.
Stop when the faired surface meets the fairing quality specified for
the project.
Awlfair Surfacing Filler (EU only) can be screeded directly onto the
surface of Awlfair LW to fill pinholes and sanding scratches to provide
a smoother surface prior to the application of surfacing primers.
SURFACING PROCEDURES
Surfacing products in the Awlgrip line include High Build, Awlquik
Epoxy Primer, Ultra Build and Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound.
Each product has unique characteristics which can help to make the
surfacing process easier.
• It is necessary to seal epoxy fillers with a surfacing primer. Some areas
may need extra applications and additional block sanding to achieve
specified quality (i.e. under dark hulls)
• It is required that all surfaces be properly prepared and sanded before
applying the next product and no product be used beyond its
recommended maximum dry film thickness
• It is necessary to apply a finish primer or undercoat by spray or brush
application to seal the surfacing products
• Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound must be overcoated with
either Ultra Build or High Build before 545 Epoxy Primer or
Awlquik can be applied as a final primer
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APPLICATION
FINAL PRIMING & TOPCOATING
FINAL PRIMING & TOPCOATING continued...
The application of the final finishing primer coat and application of the
topcoat completes the coating system.
Application of Finishing Primer:
1. Sand the surface smooth with 120–220 grit paper. Grit choice will
be determined by condition and make up of the surface.
2. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue.
3. Tack off the surface with Deluxe Tack Rags #73009.
4. To mix primers; ensure that base and converter are mixed to the
correct mix ratio and leave for 15 minutes induction time. If indicated,
reduce as necessary for application method.
5. Apply the required coats of the final primer smoothly and evenly.
Thinning the product will reduce film thickness but results in a
smoother surface that will require less sanding.
Primers and Sealers:
The finishing primer supplies a hard, tight film on which to apply the
topcoat, sealing the more porous fairing or surfacing materials below it.
This hard tight film supports the Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 or Awlcraft SE
Topcoats maximizing the gloss and distinction of image (DOI).
When painting fiberglass/gelcoat, wood, and smooth surfaced aluminum
(masts, spars, etc.), there are many projects where no fairing or surfacing
materials are used. In these cases the initial priming of the surface and
the final priming can all be part of the same process. The only real
distinction is which coat of primer is being applied.
Topcoats:
The Awlgrip Premium Urethane Topcoat is a polyester based
polyurethane coating which can be applied by spray, brush, roller or the
roller/brush combination. Awlgrip provides excellent chemical and
abrasion resistance, along with outstanding color retention.
Awlcraft 2000 is an acrylic based polyurethane coating designed only for
spray application. It is designed for the yard, applicator or owner who is
willing to sacrifice a little durability to have a faster curing, more easily
repaired finish.
Awlcraft SE is a revolutionary topcoat encompassing metallics, pearls
and effect pigments and is fast drying with excellent opacity. Awlcraft SE
is designed to work as one layer of a multi-part system where the
Awlcraft SE imparts the color and effect and is then topcoated with
Awlcraft 2000 F3029 High Gloss Clear. This combination forms a high
performance, high gloss robust topcoat system.
• All Awlgrip topcoats provide a tough, chemical and abrasion resistant
coating which has been proven to perform in the marine environment
• All topcoats require two coats minimum – regardless of application
technique. Some applicators prefer to use three coats, which may
be the easier way to go with some colors.
Do not clear coat over whites or pastels with Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000
systems. Each system has a clear available. For Awlgrip it is G3005
High Gloss Clear; for Awlcraft 2000 and Awlcraft SE it is F3029 High
Gloss Clear. However, these products should only be used over dark
colors or Awlcraft SE basecoats.
NOTE: Awlquik is easier to apply by brush/roll than 545 Epoxy Primer.
However, 545 Epoxy Primer will provide a more durable system.
6. Sand the entire primed surface with 320–400 grit paper to a smooth,
flat finish.
7. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry wiping
with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue.
8. Wipe with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method. Repeat
process as necessary until the surface is completely clean. Allow the
surface to dry.
9. Tack off the surface with Deluxe Tack Rags #73009.
321 HS Undercoat is a low VOC alternative to 545 Epoxy Primer
which requires fewer coats for the same total DFT.
For application instructions for all Awlgrip products, refer to
the respective Technical Datasheet.
Finish Coat Application:
Spray Application (Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats only)
1. Mix topcoat base with selected spray converter (G3010 or G3038)
at the correct ratio and reduce up to 25% with the appropriate
reducers for spray application.
2. Using recommended spray equipment, apply a smooth, wet tack coat
to the surface. Allow tack coat to flash off 30–45 minutes.
3. Then apply a full, wet coverage coat to achieve color coverage
(i.e. hide) and film thickness requirements.
4. When using G3010 Awlcat #2, in most situations the application of
three coats is normal (For Awlcraft 2000 and Awlgrip topcoats).
Allow the second coat to ‘flash off’ 30–45 minutes until only slightly
tacky before applying third coat.
If using G3038 and VOC Exempt Reducers with Awlcraft 2000
topcoat base it is generally possible to apply the necessary film
thickness in two coats for most bases. Always check correct final
film thickness is achieved, however.
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BRIGHTWORK
FINAL PRIMING & TOPCOATING continued...
Brush/Roll Application
1. Mix two parts by volume Awlgrip Color Base with one part Awlcat #3
Brushing Converter. Reduce 10–33% with Brushing Reducer.
2. Brush or roller apply Awlgrip Topcoat in a minimum of two coats.
Depending on film thickness applied and color choice one, or possibly
two, additional coats may be needed.
Awlgrip offers a range of products and systems for interior and exterior
use, tailored to meet varying performance requirements for brightwork
finishes.
Following the launch of Awlwood there are now three options for
exteriors. These follow the simple "good, better, best" analogy with
the recently launched Awlwood fulfilling the "best" category.
EXTERIORS
WARNING:
Topcoating cannot be done in one coat.
Sanding between coats with 280–400 grit paper will provide a smoother
finish. Blow off the surface with clean, dry compressed air while dry
wiping with clean rags to remove sanding dust and residue.
Wipe with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method. Repeat
process as necessary until the surface is completely clean. Allow the
surface to dry.
Tack off the surface with Deluxe Tack Rags #73009.
On large surfaces such as hull sides, transoms and house sides first roll
the Awlgrip Topcoat and then smooth the roller stipple by lightly tipping
the surface with a brush or pad.
This can be done with 2 painters working side by side (i.e. 1 rolling and
1 tipping), or with 1 painter rolling approximately 6 sq ft and then tipping
that area before rolling any further.
TIP:
See back of this guide for maintenance advice on Awlgrip or
Awlcraft 2000 topcoats and repair advice for Awlcraft SE.
SYSTEM I.
EXTERIOR TRADITIONAL VARNISH SYSTEM—
Awlspar Classic Spar Varnish
Awlspar varnish is a traditional phenolic, tung oil varnish modified with
state of the art UV inhibitors and absorbers. Awlspar is a fast-dry
material. Two and sometimes three coats can be applied in a single
day allowing you to quickly apply a full system thus reducing varnish
down time.
Awlspar is the perfect product for the traditionalist who wants an easy
to apply, easy to repair product, and doesn't object to regular
maintenance coats.
SYSTEM II.
ULTIMATE EXTERIOR BRIGHTWORK SYSTEM—
Awlspar/Awlbrite Clear
This system combines the color highlights of the Awlspar Varnish to
provide a traditional look, with the durability of the Awlbrite Clear in
a fast recoat, relatively easy to repair combination of varnish and
urethane coatings.
Awlbrite Clear has a unique blend of solvents that can be applied over
Awlspar. This allows for the system to be sealed and protected by a
tough, durable two–pack urethane that is easier to repair than other
similar systems.
The rapid cure of Awlspar combined with the Awlbrite Clear eliminates
the typical 30–60 day wait between varnish and urethane. The system
can now be completed in little over a week.
This union of Awlspar and Awlbrite Clear allows you to have an easy
application system, traditional appearance and long term durability
allied with low maintenance.
SYSTEM III.
EXTERIOR CLEARCOAT SYSTEM—
Awlwood Primer/Finish
Awlwood MA is an exterior clear system that is made up of a Primer and
Clear Finish. Containing Flex-Link™ technology, the primer locks onto
the wood structure (even tropical hardwoods) resulting in superior
flexibility and unrivalled damage resistance yet allows the natural color
and grain of wood to shine through. This technology also creates the
perfect base for the finish and, by combining the Primer and Clear
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together, there is a synergistic effect that results in an outstanding
performing system that has extended performance and retains the
same gloss, DOI and natural appearance as first application.
This system can be completed in less than a week.
Using one of the colored primers will result in a traditional appearance of
a traditional varnish system yet the patented resin technology of the
finish allows you to have an easy application system and long term
durability allied with low maintenance.
INTERIORS
SYSTEM IV.
AWLBRITE INTERIOR SYSTEMS
A range of systems are possible using the Awlbrite System; these
include a clear, bright, high gloss system as well as low sheen, satin
system. It is even possible to combine Awlbrite with Awlspar to achieve
a traditional finish with the wood protection of a two-pack polyurethane.
Filling the grain is the key to the following systems. There are several
options for this but the recommended Awlgrip choice is use of Clear
Wood Sealer Fast available from International®/Interlux®. This applies
direct to the wood for a rapid build up of grain filling coats and can then
be overcoated with Gloss or Semi-Gloss Awlbrite Clear, Awlspar or
even finished off in full color with Awlgrip and Awlcraft Topcoats for a
lacquer finish effect.
VARNISHING TIPS:
• Coating brightwork requires the same basic conditions as other
paint work. Surfaces to be coated must be clean and dry
• Use good quality, natural bristle varnish brushes. Natural bristle
badger hair brushes are best. Thoroughly ‘wetting’ the bristles
before applying material helps prevent bubbles in the film
• Mix and use small quantities of Awlspar or Awlbrite Clear at
a time. Keep the original containers covered when not in use
• Do not shake Awlbrite Clear or Awlspar. Shaking creates air
bubbles in the material. When adding converter to Awlbrite
Clear or reducer to Awlspar, hand stir only
• Apply Awlbrite Clear or Awlspar in shaded, well ventilated
areas. Optimum application temperatures are between 70ºF
(21°C) and 90ºF (32°C)
• Avoid applying Awlbrite Clear to hot surfaces or in direct
sunlight
Excessive heat blisters the coating and makes it difficult to carry a wet
edge. A surface that is warm to the touch, above 105ºF (38ºC), is
generally too hot to paint.
• Do not apply these products if temperatures are below 65ºF (18°C)
• Do not move coated items into direct sunlight to dry. Direct
sunlight will inhibit flow and may result in blisters
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• Do not apply Awlbrite Clear or Awlspar when dew can form
on the surface in the first 6 hours of cure. Be sure all surfaces
are completely free of moisture before applying Awlbrite Clear
or Awlspar
• Completely remove all sanding dust and residue. All surfaces
should be cleaned with Awlprep before and after sanding
• Apply light, smooth coats. Heavier coats will not flow as well as
light coats. Heavy coats are also more prone to solvent popping
and blistering. When in doubt, put on a lighter coat
• When applying Awlbrite Clear or Awlspar Varnish, never use
a brush that has been used to apply paint or primers
Awlbrite Clear and Awlspar should be compatible with most
conventional, oil based, penetrating wood stains. Apply a test patch of
Awlbrite Clear or Awlspar to the stained wood to check for
compatibility before continuing a project of any size. Stains should be
applied according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
APPLICATION
SYSTEM I.
EXTERIOR TRADITIONAL VARNISH SYSTEM—
Awlspar Classic Spar Varnish
Properly prepare the wood surface. See surface preparation for
Brightwork Systems for this information — see page 30.
NEW/BARE WOOD
1. Apply one light smooth coat of Awlspar Classic Spar Varnish mixed
1:1 by volume with Awlspar Reducer T0016.
2. Lightly sand the surface with 280–320 grit paper to remove wicks and
nubs. Remove sanding dust and residue. Tack off with Deluxe Tack
Rags #73009.
3. Apply light, smooth, even coats of Awlspar Classic Spar Varnish 2–4
hours apart. Above 75ºF (24°C), 2–3 coats may be applied per day.
4. Repeat this process until the grain is filled and covered, 6–8 coats may
be needed. The exact number of coats will vary depending on applied
film thickness and the amount of sanding.
Keep sanding to a minimum. The only reason to sand is to remove
obvious defects, or if more than 24–36 hours elapse between
applications. The goal is to fill and cover the grain with varnish.
A light rub with a Scotch-Brite® pad is often enough to break the glaze
of the previous coat, providing sufficient adhesion for subsequent coats.
TIP:
To make it easier to see the wet edge, dull the surface with a
white or green Scotch-Brite® pad between coats. Rub the surface
just enough to noticeably lower the gloss. This minimizes coating
removal and dust while making it easier to see holidays and locate
your wet edge when applying a glossy clear to a glossy surface.
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5. When the grain is completely filled and covered, lightly sand the
surface smooth with 400–500 grit paper. Apply one final coat of
varnish to restore gloss to the sanded surface.
4. Lightly sand the Awlspar with 320–400 grit paper. The Awlspar
should powder sand, if it is still gummy or clogs the paper, stop and
allow the Awlspar to cure longer. Re-check every 24–48 hours until
the surface will powder sand.
SYSTEM II.
ULTIMATE EXTERIOR BRIGHTWORK SYSTEM—
Awlspar/Awlbrite Clear
After sanding, remove sanding dust and residue, and tack off
approximately two sq ft.
This system primes and seals the wood with Awlspar varnish. The
Awlspar bonds to the wood and supplies the traditional amber cast
of fine varnish systems.
Then the Awlspar is sealed with a full system of Awlbrite Clear
Urethane.
3
IMPORTANT:
A test application of Awlbrite Clear over Awlspar should be done
(if possible on a separate piece of wood) before full application is
done. This is to ensure the Awlspar is cured.
NOTE: Pay particular attention to the overcoating interval between
Awlspar and Awlbrite Clear, otherwise the Awlspar will be lifted if it has
not cured sufficiently. At a constant 75°F (24ºC), or higher, the Awlspar
will need to cure approximately 72 hours before the Awlbrite Clear can
be applied. At 64°F (18ºC) it may be 7–10 days before the Awlbrite
Clear can be applied.
The key to performance of a varnish system is applying enough material.
This is especially true with Awlbrite Clear. This system calls for more
coats than is necessary to achieve initial cosmetic qualities. If you stop
the system when it looks good, or sand excessively, you will not achieve
the desired performance.
Properly prepare the wood surface. See surface preparation for
Brightwork Systems for this information — see page 30.
NEW/BARE WOOD
1. Apply one light smooth coat of Awlspar mixed 1:1 by volume with
Awlspar Reducer T0016. Allow to dry 8–12 hours.
2. Lightly sand the surface with 320–400 grit paper to remove wicks and
nubs. Remove sanding dust and residue. Tack off with Deluxe Tack
Rags #73009.
3. Apply 2–3 smooth coats of Awlspar. Use the Awlspar full-bodied or
with as little reducer as possible.
Allow to cure a minimum of 72 hours at constant, around the clock
temperature of 75°F (24ºC), or above, before proceeding. At lower
temperatures, 7–10 days may be needed.
Test Application of Awlbrite Clear.
Mix enough Awlbrite Clear to coat this area. Apply two light smooth
coats about 3–4 hours apart. If during the application of either coat
you experience:
• Excessive brush drag
• Blistering
• Bubbling
• Crazing or cracking
Then allow to cure for a further 24 hours and re-test.
5. Inspect the test application area. The coating should be smooth and
glossy with no blisters, bubbles, crazing, cracking, solvent pop or
pin holes.
If the test area is not satisfactory, repeat the test application on another
area until satisfactory results are obtained.
If the coating appears satisfactory, lightly sand the test area and the rest
of the Awlspar with 320–400 grit paper.
6. Remove the sanding dust and residue. Tack off with Deluxe Tack
Rags #73009.
7. Apply light, even coats of Awlbrite Clear. Allow a minimum of 3–4
hours between coats. Above 80°F (27ºC) apply as many as 3 coats
per day. Allow to cure 8–12 hours.
8. Repeat this process until the grain is filled and covered, 8–10 coats
may be needed. Keep sanding to a minimum. The only reason to sand
is to remove obvious defects, or more than 36 hours have elapsed
between applications. The goal is to fill and cover the grain. When the
grain is filled and covered allow to cure for 8–12 hours. Total DFT must
be 10–12 mils (250–300 microns).
A light rub with a Scotch-Brite® pad is often enough to break the glaze
of the previous coat, providing sufficient adhesion for subsequent coats.
If you sand, use 400 grit, or finer, paper.
TIP:
To make it easier to see the wet edge, dull the surface with a
white or green Scotch-Brite® pad between coats. Rub the surface
just enough to noticeably lower the gloss. This minimizes coating
removal and dust while making it easier to see holidays and locate
your wet edge when applying a glossy clear to a glossy surface.
9. Lightly sand the surface with 400–500 grit paper. Remove sanding
dust and residue. Tack off with Deluxe Tack Rags #73009.
10. Apply two light finish coats of Awlbrite Clear. The coating will be
ready for light service in 12 hours.
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For the finest smoothness and gloss, or to remove imbedded dust
particles in the final coat, dry and hard Awlbrite Clear can be buffed with
a fine grade of polishing compound. When buffing or polishing, use care
not to remove excessive amounts of film. Use less effort near sharp edges
and miters, the coating is generally thinnest in these areas.
Awlwood MA Primer Red & Yellow
SYSTEM III.
EXTERIOR CLEARCOAT SYSTEM—
Awlwood MA
Awlwood MA is an exterior clear system, made up of a Primer and Clear
Finish, containing a unique patented resin technology that results in a
system that has outstanding performance for many years. This resin
technology ensures that the Awlwood system retains the same
gloss, DOI and natural appearance as first application.
Incorporating Flex-Link™ technology, the Primer locks directly onto the
wood structure (even tropical hardwoods) resulting in superior flexibility
and unrivalled damage resistance yet allows the natural color and grain
of wood to shine through. This technology also ensures that the Primer
is the perfect base for the finish to give a superior system in comparison
to traditional varnishes.
3
IMPORTANT:
Suitable application conditions: 4º–30ºC,
Relative humidity 30%–95%.
NOTE: Awlwood MA Primers cure by the mechanism of moisture in the
air (humidity); very low moisture content in the air will lead to longer cure
times. Do not use this product in an air-conditioned environment. If the
product is to be applied in an environment where it is suspected that low
humidity may inhibit the cure of the product, apply to a test area first.
Decant sufficient product for 30 minutes use into a roller tray or working
pot. Seal the original container immediately to prevent moisture exposure.
Screw the cap on fully. A deep working pot is preferable to one that is
broad and shallow to minimize moisture exposure and maximize pot life.
Do not tip unused product back into the can.
Properly prepare the wood surface. See surface preparation for
Awlwood MA for this information - see page 31.
NEW/BARE WOOD PRIMER APPLICATION
Awlwood MA Primer Clear
1. Apply by brush or roller until timber is saturated. Do not attempt to build
a film. On very deep grained timbers such as Iroko and Wenge, do not
flood-coat the grain. This will need to be filled using successive coats
of Awlwood MA Clear Gloss.
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Application Method 1 – Applying using a rag:
1. Apply with a rag or staining cloth as per a rubbing stain. Make sure that
the primer is applied to timber saturation but do not attempt to build a
film. “Sticky” Primer can be overcoated with fresh material for 15
minutes or so after application. This application method tends to create
less mess than the following if brush splatter (on decks etc) is an issue.
Application Method 2 – Applying using a brush or roller:
1. Work in sections applying the Primer to achieve timber saturation.
2. Remove excess material by rubbing with the grain using paper towels
or rags which are frequently changed. Do not attempt to build a film.
Apply Primer to an area approximately 1.0m wide to prevent excess
primer becoming tacky and non-removable. Wiping off excess primer
right down to the timber surface is key to achieving a natural appearance.
If excess Primer does become tacky apply fresh material up to 15 minutes
after application to re-dissolve. The product will remain workable for ~5
minutes depending upon application conditions. Do not let wet edges
dry for longer than 3 minutes before applying and overlapping the next
section of primer.
TIPS:
Primer Bleed: Hardwoods with a deep capillary structure may
“bleed” Primer as it cures leaving a spotted or bubbled effect.
The clear primer can be tipped with a brush if wet, however the
colored primers should be wiped with a rag prior to the primer
curing. If necessary, the rag can be moistened with Awlwood MA
Brushing or Spray Reducer.
Masking tape: It advisable to use plastic making tape around
timber areas bordered by paintwork if using the Awlwood MA
Yellow or Red Primer. Drips splatter or bleed under making tape
can be cleaned up with MEK, Acetone or Xylene on a rag providing
the primer is uncured but may still stain.
More even coloration: On extremely absorbent timbers such
as Spruce, the use of colored primers can give a mottled
appearance. In this situation, using the clear primer and adding
no more than 10% colored Primer to the topcoat will give
more even coloration.
Mixing colored Primers: All of the primers are intermixable.
On soft absorbent timbers such as Cedar and Oregon, the colored
primer tint strengths can give an overly dark appearance. On these
timbers, the colored primers are generally mixed 50/50 by volume
with the clear primer to reduce the tint strength.
Darker timber tone: This can be achieved by applying multiple
coats of Awlwood MA Gloss with no more than 10% colored
primer added. Sealing timber with the intention of topcoating at a
later time: It is best to apply one or two coats of Awlwood MA
Gloss over Primers if the job sequence is to be broken. Sand well
before continuing. The ideal time to apply the first coat of Awlwood
MA Gloss over the Primer is 24 hours for chemical adhesion.
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FINISH APPLICATION
Tack cloths are not recommended. If contamination is suspected solvent
wash the surface using only Awlwood MA Brush Reducer or Awlwood
MA Spray Reducer before and after sanding well. Sanding of the
penultimate coat, however, should always be carried out to give
best results.
NOTE: Awlwood MA Clear Gloss is typically applied by applying a
specific volume instead of wet film thickness.
Whilst it is not necessary to sand between primer and finish application
if necessary (due to grain lift or defect) or desired then ensure the primer
is sufficiently cured before sanding. Refer to TDS for specific information
on sanding times at various temperatures.
Applying over Awlwood MA Red or Yellow Primer
1. If sanding is required, hand sand lightly with the timber grain using
P400 grit paper or ScotchPad#7447 taking care to avoid sanding
through the primer - this will cause uneven coloration.
2. If a greasy timber has been primed or a contaminated substrate is
suspected, solvent wipe with Acetone on a rag (wiping off with clean
rags) before applying the topcoat. Contaminants from the substrate
that float to the surface of the primer can compromise intercoat
adhesion.
Applying over Awlwood MA Clear Primer
1. If sanding is required, lightly hand or machine sand using P280–320
grit paper taking care to avoid sanding through the primer. If this
occurs spot prime the area and sand carefully when primer has cured.
Ensure any glossy areas are well sanded.
2. If a greasy timber has been primed or a contaminated substrate is
suspected, sand first, then solvent wipe with Acetone on a rag (wiping
off with clean rags) before applying the topcoat. Contaminants from
the substrate that float to the surface of the primer can compromise
intercoat adhesion.
NOTE: If in cold temperatures and/or very dry conditions, the Awlwood
MA Clear Primer feels sticky to the touch or cannot be sanded without
clogging the paper after an overnight cure, allow more time before
proceeding. Ideally aim to apply the first coat of Awlwood MA Clear
Gloss within 24 hours of primer application to attain an optimum
chemical bond.
TOPCOAT APPLICATION
Suitable application conditions: 4º–30ºC, Relative humidity 30–95%.
NOTE: Awlwood MA Clear Gloss cures by the mechanism of moisture
in the air (humidity); very low moisture content in the air will lead to longer
cure times. Do not use this product in an air-conditioned environment. If
the product is to be applied in an environment where it is suspected that
low humidity may inhibit the cure of the product, apply to a test area first.
Sanding is not necessary between coats if overcoating on the same
day unless extreme drying conditions are present (full sun or high
temperatures) in which case rubbing down with P280 grit paper will
ensure good intercoat adhesion. For general indoor applications,
sanding is needed if more than 24 hours elapse between coats. After
sanding, remove sanding dust by vacuuming then warm water wash
only using lint free cloths until surface is completely clean.
Brushing/Rollering
To obtain full grain fill, especially on Hardwoods with a deep grain
structure, and to maximize finish, follow the below recommendations:
1. Apply the first two coats of Awlwood MA Gloss at one day intervals,
by brush or roller at 12/14m2/lt to ensure full grain penetration and fill.
2. Sand each coat with P220–P280 grit paper to flatten the grain
texture without sanding through to the primer. This will fill the grain
more effectively, reduces solvent entrapment in the pits of the grain
and minimizes air bubbles forming in the topcoat before the grain is
fully sealed. If any bubbles do occur from wet product displacing air
in the timber grain, gently tipping these with a dry brush before the
product cures is easier than sanding later and will, in many cases,
seal the pinhole. Take care to not over-sand edges. Machine sanders
can be used on build coats after an overnight cure.
3. Apply a further 6 coats of Awlwood MA Finish within recommended
overcoating intervals. As a general indicator, when one coat can be
pressed with a finger without leaving an indented fingerprint, another
coat can be applied. If the brush or roller binds with, or re-dissolves
the previous coat, more drying time is needed. Alternatively if the
cured film can be gently sanded with P220 grit paper without binding
it can be overcoated. Applying multiple coats in a single day will
reduce flow and levelling necessitating more sanding the following day
however, multicoating is a useful means of attaining rapid film build.
Good practice is to gently sand/scuff the surface at the start of each
day to remove any texture, especially on vertical surfaces, and then
multi-coat as above.
4. Allow to cure for 24 hrs (18hrs at 30°C).
5. Hand sand working up to P600 grit paper, working with the grain.
Remove all sanding dust.
6. Reduce the final coat of Awlwood MA 10% by volume with
Awlwood MA Brush Reducer.
7. Apply the final coat removing any heavy sags or runs but do not
overwork the product. Once a non-running film is achieved allow
Awlwood MA to cure and flow on its own – DO NOT CONTINUE
TO BRUSH to remove brush marks etc.
TIP:
In hot and/or windy conditions, Awlwood MA Gloss will tack
up rapidly. To extend the wet edge and increase workability in
these conditions thinning up to 10% with Awlwood MA Brush
Reducer will assist.
TIP:
If brushes are binding up with curing product during use, they can
be quickly freed up by washing with Acetone, Awlwood MA
Brushing Retarder or Awlwood MA Spray Reducer.
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Spraying
Reduce Awlwood MA Clear Gloss up to 10% with Awlwood MA
Spray Reducer if necessary or safely warm the can – do not use
universal thinners. Apply by conventional spray.
SYSTEM IV.
AWLBRITE INTERIOR SYSTEMS
To obtain full grain fill, especially on Hardwoods with a deep grain
structure, and to maximize finish, follow the below recommendations:
1. Apply the first two coats of Awlwood MA Gloss at one day intervals,
by brush or roller at 12–14m2/lt to ensure full grain penetration and fill.
If these initial coats are sprayed they may not flow in and fill the grain
since there are no shear forces to force product into the grain. Spray
application of these first two coats can also result in air bubbles
breaking and forming near invisible pin holes which may show up
as cissing on the next application of finish coat.
2. Sand each coat with P220–P280 grit paper to flatten the grain
texture without sanding through to the primer. This will fill the grain
more effectively, reduces solvent entrapment in the pits of the grain
and minimizes air bubbles forming in the topcoat before the grain is
fully sealed. If any bubbles do occur from wet product displacing air
in the timber grain, gently tipping these with a dry brush before the
product cures is easier than sanding later and will, in many cases,
seal the pinhole. Take care to not over-sand edges. Machine sanders
can be used on build coats after an overnight cure.
3. Apply a further 6 coats of Awlwood MA Finish within recommended
overcoating intervals. As a general indicator, when one coat can be
pressed with a finger without leaving an indented fingerprint, another
coat can be applied. Applying multiple coats in a single day will
reduce flow and levelling necessitating more sanding the following day
however, multicoating is a useful means of attaining rapid film build.
Good practice is to gently sand/scuff the surface at the start of each
day to remove any texture, especially on vertical surfaces, and then
multi-coat as above.
4. Allow to cure for 24 hrs (18hrs at 30°C).
5. Hand sand working up to P600 grit paper, working with the grain.
Remove all sanding dust.
6. Reduce the final coat of Awlwood MA 10% by volume with
Awlwood MA Spray Reducer.
7. Apply the final coat ensuring no heavy sags or runs but do not
overwork the product. Once a non-running film is achieved allow
Awlwood MA to cure and flow on its own – DO NOT CONTINUE
TO APPLY.
NOTE: Do not leave Awlwood MA Gloss in spray pots between
coating applications.
TIP:
Coloring Topcoats: For a richer more traditional appearance, up
10% of the Awlwood MA colored primers can be added to the
Awlwood MA Gloss. This should be done in the first few coats
then overcoated with clear topcoat to attain the full
coating thickness.
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NEW/BARE WOOD
The key to performance of any varnish system is applying enough
material. This is especially true with Awlbrite Clear Urethane.
This system calls for more coats than is necessary to achieve initial
cosmetic qualities. If you stop the system when it looks good, or sand
excessively, you will not achieve the desired performance.
Properly prepare the wood surface. See surface preparation for
Brightwork Systems for this information - see page 30, steps 1–3.
1. Mix by volume 1 part of J3901 base with 1 part of J3902 converter
until a smooth, homogenous mixture is obtained. If brushing add 1⁄4
part of T0031 for the first coat. A suggested mix is 4 oz. Awlbrite
Clear Base + 4 oz. Awlbrite Converter.
2. Apply by conventional spray or brush. The first coat is best applied by
brush as this offers the best penetration and grain filling. Allow to cure
minimum 3 hours.
3. For optimum results lightly sand the surface with 320–400 grit paper.
Remove sanding dust and residue. Tack off with Deluxe Tack Rags
#73009
4. Apply light, even coats of Awlbrite Quik-Fil at 3.0–3.5 mils WFT
(80–90 microns) yielding 1.0–1.5 mils DFT (30–40 microns). Allow a
minimum of 3 hours between coats.
5. For open grain 1–2 coats should be applied. For flush filled surface
apply 4–5 coats (number of coats will depend on type and condition
of the bare wood). For optimum result in obtaining a smooth and even
finish sand between coats.
6. Re-coat with Awlspar, Awlbrite Clear, Awlbrite Semi-Gloss,
Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000.
For Awlbrite Gloss or Semi-Gloss application proceed as below:
1. Mix by volume 2 parts Awlbrite Clear Base with 1 part
Awlbrite Converter and 0.5 part Activator A0031. A suggested
mix is 4 oz. Awlbrite Clear Base + 2 oz. Awlbrite Converter
+ 1 oz. Activator A0031= 7 oz. total.
Additional Activator A0031 can be added to help maintain a wet edge in
warmer weather, but the standard mix of 2:1:0.5 is required for proper
cure. Mix only enough for one sealer coat. Apply one thin coat. Allow to
cure 8–12 hours.
2. Lightly sand the surface with 320–400 grit paper. Remove sanding
dust and residue. Tack off with Deluxe Tack Rags #73009.
3. Apply light, even coats of Awlbrite Clear. Allow a minimum of
3–4 hours between coats. Above 80°F (27ºC) apply as many as
3 coats per day. Allow to cure 8 to 12 hours.
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BELOW WATERLINE SYSTEMS
APPLICATION
ANTIFOULING SYSTEMS
4. Repeat this process until the grain is filled and covered, 8–10 coats
may be needed. Keep sanding to a minimum. The only reason to sand
is to remove obvious defects, or more than 36 hours have elapsed
between applications. The goal is to fill and cover the grain. When the
grain is filled and covered allow to cure for 8–12 hours. Total DFT must
be 10–12 mils (250–300 microns).
A light rub with a Scotch-Brite® pad is often enough to break the glaze
of the previous coat, providing sufficient adhesion for subsequent coats.
If you sand, use 400 grit, or finer, paper.
TIP:
To make it easier to see the wet edge, dull the surface with a
white or green Scotch-Brite® pad between coats. Rub the surface
just enough to noticeably lower the gloss. This minimizes coating
removal and dust while making it easier to see holidays and locate
your wet edge when applying a glossy clear to a glossy surface.
5. Lightly sand the surface with 400–500 grit paper. Remove sanding
dust and residue. Tack off with Deluxe Tack Rags #73009.
Awlstar Gold Label (EU only) is a tin-free ablative co-polymer type
antifouling designed to provide multi-season protection from fouling
when applied according to specification. An ablative antifouling performs
by the movement of the hull through the water, gradually wearing away
the coating. As a result a fresh, fully potent layer of antifouling is always
exposed to the water.
Awlstar Gold Label is a very versatile product. It performs in both warm
and cold water, on sail and power craft. It is hard enough to stay on high
speed power boats but burnishes easily for racing sailboats. Truly static
boats may be better off with a hard, leaching type antifouling.
Awlstar Gold Label is:
• Available in four bright colors
• Recommended on fiberglass, steel and wood
• Recommended for extended dry-docking. Take the boat out of the
water as often as you like for as long as you like.
NOTE: Awlstar Gold Label must not be used on aluminum
For a full gloss finish proceed to 6a. For a semi–gloss (satin) finish
proceed to 6b.
6a. Apply two light finish coats of Awlbrite Clear. The coating will be
ready for light service in 12 hours.
For the finest smoothness and gloss, or to remove imbedded dust
particles in the final coat, dry and hard Awlbrite Clear can be buffed with
a fine grade of polishing compound. When buffing or polishing, use care
not to remove excessive amounts of film. Use less effort near sharp
edges and miters, the coating is generally thinnest in these areas.
6b. Apply two light finish coats of Awlbrite Semi-Gloss. The coating
will be ready for light service in 12 hours.
For the finest smoothness and gloss, or to remove imbedded dust
particles in the final coat, dry and hard Awlbrite Semi-Gloss can be
buffed with a fine grade of polishing compound. When buffing or
polishing, use care not to remove excessive amounts of film. Use less
effort near sharp edges and miters, the coating is generally thinnest
in these areas.
Awlstar Gold Label is designed to be applied over Hullgard Epoxy
Primer (EU only). The full system protects the hull from attack from
water while providing an ideal surface on which to apply the Awlstar
Gold Label. A key element of any Awlstar Gold Label system is
applying the first coat of Awlstar Gold Label when the last coat of
Hullgard Epoxy Primer is barely tack free. This procedure ensures
bonding of the two coatings, providing the basis for multi–season
performance.
The full Hullgard/Awlstar system is suitable for fiberglass, steel and
wood. Many owners of wooden boats prefer to apply an antifoulant
directly to the wood. This is not practical as Awlstar Gold Label will
not bond to wood.
Each system provides a minimum of 14 mils (350 microns) of Hullgard
primer overcoated with a minimum of 8 mils (200 microns) of Awlstar
Gold Label antifouling.
All substrates (except aluminum)
NOTE: Regardless of whichever system is chosen below, the final
priming coat must always be Hullgard Epoxy Primer.
Following suitable surface preparation as per pages 17–35, the below
method is suitable for all substrates:
1a. Apply multiple coats of Hullgard Extra to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) DFT. If applied by airless spray, 1–2 coats will be required.
The additional reduction required for air atomized or roller application
may require 1–2 additional coats to achieve 4 mils (100 microns) DFT.
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APPLICATION
APPLICATION
ANTIFOULING SYSTEMS continued...
ANTIFOULING SYSTEMS continued...
Allow 2 hours between coats at 77°F (25ºC), 50% R.H. Hullgard Extra
allows recoating with itself at any time up to 6 months without requiring
sanding. The aged Hullgard Extra must be thoroughly cleaned and free
of all foreign material before recoating with additional coats.
Wet sanding with 80 grit paper is advised under any of the following
conditions:
• If the hull was not power washed while it was still wet from hauling
• Anytime the cleanliness of the surface is in doubt
• Faster, high use boats where the Awlstar Gold Label has ablated
to a slick surface
• Sail boats recently burnished
1b. Apply multiple coats of Hullgard Epoxy to achieve 4 mils (100
microns) DFT. If applied by airless spray, 1–2 coats will be required.
The additional reduction required for air atomized or roller application
may require 1–2 additional coats to achieve 4mils (100 microns) DFT.
Allow 2 hours between coats at 77°F (25ºC), 50% R.H. Hullgard Epoxy
allows recoating with itself at any time up to 6 months without requiring
sanding. The aged Hullgard Epoxy must be thoroughly cleaned and free
of all foreign material before recoating with additional coats.
2. Apply multiple coats of Hullgard Epoxy to achieve 10 mils (250
microns) DFT. If applied by airless spray, 2–3 coats will be required.
The additional reduction required for air atomized or roller application
may require 1–2 additional coats to achieve 10 mils (250 microns) DFT.
3. Apply Awlstar Gold Label as soon as the last coat of Hullgard
Epoxy is barely tack free, about 2 hours at 77°F (25ºC), 50% R.H.
PAINTING OVER OTHER ANTIFOULANTS
Although Awlstar Gold Label will work over some existing antifoulings,
Awlgrip cannot endorse this practice. We have no control over other
antifouling manufacturer’s quality control or formulation. Awlstar Gold
Label will not perform over any of the tincopolymer / organotin
antifoulings, soft conventional types or vinyls.
Awlstar Gold Label will perform adequately over hard conventional type
antifoulings and tin-free ablative copolymer antifoulings that contain
copper. The most common problem encountered with these applications
is mudcracking. A test application should be made before recoating an
entire hull unless all other antifoulant is removed.
Awlstar Gold Label can be applied by airless spray, brush or rollers.
For maximum antifouling performance and protection, apply sufficient
coats for 27 mils (675 microns) total wet film thickness to give a total of
12 mils (300 microns) dry paint film.
Do not apply primers over old antifouling paints. If the test application
indicates a compatible situation, sand the surface with 80 grit then apply
3 coats of Awlstar Gold Label.
To provide a built-in indicator of when it is time to renew your Awlstar
Gold Label, apply the first coat in a different color from the remaining
coats. When you can see the first color showing through, it is time
to renew.
RUNNING GEAR AND HARDWARE –
SURFACE PREPARATION, PRIMING &
APPLICATION
Below waterline hardware can be difficult to coat for a variety of reasons.
Two primary problems are:
• The difficulty in obtaining good surface preparation
• The specific metal alloys used for below waterline hardware
Extra protection and more uniform wear properties result when 1 or 2
extra coats are applied to high wear areas, such as the bow, rudder,
leading edge of the keel, stabilizers, cavitation plates, propeller cavitation
areas and trim tabs.
Allow a minimum of 5 hours at 77°F (25ºC), 50% R.H. after the
application of the last coat of Awlstar Gold Label before launching.
Allowing 24 hours before launching is preferred.
Cooler temperatures will require longer cure times between coats and
before launching.
DO NOT apply or attempt to cure Awlstar Gold Label or Hullgard
products at temperatures below 55°F (13ºC).
RENEWING AWLSTAR GOLD LABEL
Awlstar Gold Label that is wearing thin can be easily renewed. Wash
down the hull, using a high pressure, clean water wash, as soon as
possible after hauling. The surface must be clean, dry and free of oil,
grease, salt, dirt, corrosion or other surface contamination.
Brass, bronze and stainless steel do not hold paint very well.
Please note that it is critical the metal is primed immediately after
grinding or sand blasting and great care should be used on rotating
parts, such as shafts and propellers. Uneven grinding could take a
shaft or propeller out of balance.
Remember Awlstar Gold Label is an ablative coating which wears
away in use. It will perform satisfactorily on a rotating shaft, but
would wear away very rapidly on a propeller.
NOTE: This system must not be used on aluminum hardware of
any kind.
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APPLICATION
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67
TROUBLESHOOTING
ANTIFOULING SYSTEMS continued...
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners, or pressure washers. Be sure all
detergent residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip WipeDown Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner
T0340) as a final wipe down of the surface.
2. Power grind with a 60 grit disk to obtain profile. If the profile is
particularly jagged, grind to remove ‘spikes’ providing a more
uniform surface.
Blow off the surface thoroughly with clean, dry, compressed air to
remove all blast / grind residue and any dust or dirt. Use a brush or
broom if necessary.
CAUTION:
Do not use rags to clean this surface. The sharp metal will snag
fibers from the rags. These fibers can act as wicks for moisture
or other contamination to enter the paint film. This can lead to
premature failure of the Awlgrip System. This surface must be
primed within 4 hours.
3. Apply minimum 2 coats of Hullgard Epoxy to achieve 8–10 mils
(200–250 microns) DFT. If the schedule allows, 3 full coats at 14 mils
(350 microns) DFT would be preferred.
Allow 2 hours between coats at 77°F (25ºC), 50% R.H. Hullgard Epoxy
has an extended recoat capability which allows recoating with itself at
any time up to 6 months without requiring sanding. The aged Hullgard
Epoxy must be thoroughly cleaned and free of all foreign material before
recoating with additional Hullgard Epoxy.
4. Apply Awlstar Gold Label antifouling as soon as the last coat of
Hullgard Epoxy is barely tack free, about 2 hours at 77°F (25ºC),
50% R.H. Apply a minimum of two coats of Awlstar Gold Label
antifouling. If the schedule allows, three coats are preferred.
Most application problems are a direct result of poor or improper
procedures, marginal housekeeping conditions, inadequate equipment,
or a combination of these factors.
Following a few rules and checking regularly that the rules are being
followed can prevent many problems before they occur.
1. When using compressed air, a clean, oil-free, dry air supply is a must.
This is just as important for tool operation (e.g. grinders, sanders, etc.)
as it is when spraying paint. General air quality, filters and dryers
should be checked regularly. See page 5 for more information about
compressed air.
2. Make certain the products and procedures used in or near the paint
areas are compatible with Awlgrip products and general paint
procedures. Sealers, cleaners, lubricants and hand cleaners/sanitizers
containing silicone should not be used in or around the paint shop.
3. Machinery exhaust frequently is oil bearing and should not be allowed
in the paint area.
4. Keep quantities of clean Deluxe Tack Rags available to tack off
surfaces.
5. Wear clean gloves during all stages of surface preparation and
application to prevent contaminating the paint surface with skin oils.
ORANGE PEEL AND DRY SPRAY
Textured, uneven surface like the skin of an orange.
A smooth, texture-free surface is the happy medium between surface
preparation, component mix/reduction, spray gun adjustment and
application technique. The most common cause is under atomization of
the paint as a result of some combination of improper reduction, poor
gun adjustment and poor spray technique. However, there are a number
of factors which can contribute to, or cause, orange peel.
Causes:
• Hot surface
• Improper gun adjustment or spray techniques
• Improper pressure adjustment
• Orange peel in primer is printing in the topcoat
• Temperature is too low or too high
• Viscosity is too high
• Wrong choice of reducer
• Improper spraying sequence
• Improper recoat time
Solutions:
• Smooth sand the surface. Clean with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface
Cleaner T0340). Re–paint using more appropriate reducer, correct
air pressure or correct spray technique and sequence
• Select proper reducer, allow sufficient dry time between coats
• Reduce to recommended application viscosity
• Use correct spray technique and sequence
• Do not paint hot surfaces. A surface too hot to comfortably hold your
hand on is too hot to paint!
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TROUBLESHOOTING
APPLICATION GUIDE
continued...
PIN HOLING
Tiny holes in the finish caused by surface porosity or other imperfections
in the substrate. Pin holing is sometimes confused with, or inaccurately
described as, solvent popping.
Causes:
• Imperfections in the substrate
• Substrate surface porosity
• Insufficient amount of reducer
Solution:
1. Clean surface with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep
T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340)
2. Sand down to smooth surface, re-clean with Awlgrip Wipe-Down
Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340), and tack off the surface
3. Squeegee or knife apply Awlquik Sanding Surfacer into the pinholes
4. Smooth sand the surface, clean with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner
T0340) and tack off surface. Seal with 545 Epoxy Primer and re–apply
topcoat
Prevention:
Inspect the surface and correct porosity or surface imperfections in the
substrate before applying the topcoat.
SOLVENT POPPING
Tiny open blisters that appear in the paint film very shortly after application.
Usually occurs when too thick a film is applied to a horizontal surface in
hot weather. Reducer choice and excessive air flow can also be factors.
Causes:
• Wrong reducer selection
• Too thick or too heavy an application
• Premature surface skinning of the paint film before all the underlying
solvent can evaporate
• Porous surfaces
Solutions:
• If possible, wash off the still wet coating with the appropriate reducer.
If the coating is allowed to cure, smooth sand until all blisters are
removed
• Clean with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or
Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two
Cloth Method
• Tack off surface, and re–coat using proper reducer while applying
thin coats
At very high temperatures of 90–105°F (32–41°C), increase the amount
of reducer to 35% and apply an additional coat to ensure proper film
thickness. The extra reducer will improve flow while helping to keep the
film open to avoid solvent popping.
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TROUBLESHOOTING
continued...
CRATERS and FISH EYES
Small, crater-like openings in the finish caused by contamination on the
surface being painted.
Causes:
• Effects of previous repair
• Improper surface cleaning
• Contaminated equipment
• Wrong reducer
• Wax on the surface
• Water or oil in the air lines
• Workers using a silicone containing hand lotion or cream
• Old finish containing excessive fish eye preventer
• Wrong spray technique/improper dry times
Solutions:
• If the coating is still wet, wash off with the recommended reducer and
properly clean and prepare the surface before proceeding with any
further painting
• If the coating has cured, wipe down with Awlgrip Wipe-Down
Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340)
using the Two Cloth Method
Awlgrip Wipe-Down solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) will clean most surfaces thoroughly. In
some cases, especially on fiberglass, extreme surface contamination
such as mold release wax, silicone polish wax, diesel fuel or oil is
present. In these situations, you must scrub the surface with a powdered
household cleanser and a Scotch-Brite® pad until rinse water applied to
the surface ‘sheets out’ over the entire area with no breaks or holes in
the water film.
Blow dry the surface and thoroughly wipe the surface to remove any
cleanser residue and help remove moisture on the gelcoat.
• Smooth sand, then re-clean with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340)
• Tack off surface and re-coat
Prevention
• Clean surface thoroughly with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340)
or Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or
Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) before
and after sanding
Only use Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) to remove wax. Other de- waxer solvents
will melt wax into the pores of the gelcoat substrate.
• Solvent wipe the entire surface with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) or
Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep
400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
• Drain and clean equipment
• Use proper spray technique, select proper reducer
• Allow sufficient dry time between coats
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71
PRODUCT DATA SHEETS
AWLPREP WIPE DOWN SOLVENTS:
T0008/T0115/T0170
AWLPREP WIPE DOWN SOLVENTS:
T0008/T0115/T0170
continued...
Features & Uses
There are different Awlprep wipe down solvents to fit a variety of
cleaning needs from wax and grease removal to mild surface cleaning.
Surface cleaners are generally used to remove light contaminants such
as hand oils from finish primers and topcoats. Substrate cleaners are
generally used to remove wax, grease, or other harsh contaminants from
the substrates. Read each product description and choose which
Awlprep product is right for you.
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
None applicable.
T0008 Awlprep Surface Cleaner
Use to wipe down finish primers and topcoats. A fast evaporating
surface cleaner used to wipe down final primed or topcoated surfaces
before and after sanding. Awlprep T0008 is a mild surface cleaner that
will remove hand oils, light grease and other light surface contaminants.
Using the Two Cloth Method wipe down with Awlprep T0008 before
and after sanding of primers, fillers and topcoats. Awlprep T0008 has
a ‘drying’ effect which removes the latent moisture from the surface.
Latent moisture on the surface can cause a good gloss finish to come
out flat. Awlprep T0008 is non-photochemically reactive.
T0115 Awlprep Plus Wax & Grease Remover
Use to remove wax residue and grease from substrates. A medium fast
evaporating, strong, solvent designed to remove waxes, oils and greases
commonly found on painted surfaces, new or aged gelcoat, aluminum
or steel. Use before and after sanding the substrate prior to sanding.
Always de-wax before sanding. Use the Two Cloth Method to apply
and remove T0115. Do not use T0115 on freshly applied primers or
topcoats. T0115 is photochemically reactive.
T0170 Awlprep 400 Slow Evaporating Wipe Down Solvent
Use to wipe down finish primers and topcoats. General purpose surface
cleaner which evaporates five times slower than T0008. Use to wipe
down final primed or topcoated surfaces before and after sanding.
T0170 will remove hand oils, light grease and other light surface
contaminants. Use the Two Cloth Method to apply and remove the
T0170. The slower evaporation rate of T0170 allows for larger areas to
be cleaned in hot weather using the two cloth method without creating
wipe marks. T0170 is also excellent for removing tape residue. T0170
is non-photochemically reactive. T0170 is recommended for use in
warm weather.
Specification Data
Type: Awlprep (T0008) – Surface cleaner for finish primers
and topcoats
Awlprep Plus (T0115) – Wax & Grease Remover
Awlprep 400 (T0170) – Slow Evaporating Wipe Down Solvent
for cleaning finish primers and topcoats
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon containers.
VOC T0008: 809 g/lt or 6.8 lbs/gallon
T0115: 817 g/lt or 6.8 lbs/gallon
T0170: 769 g/lt or 6.4 lbs/gallon
Application Equipment
Clean, oil free, dry cotton cloths or prepackaged surface cleaning lint free
towels designed for solvent wiping.
Surface Preparation
A clean, dry surface is essential to the success of any coatings
application. Remember – Clean before sanding. Sanding often melts
greases and oils into the surface making it difficult to obtain a clean
surface.
Care should be used when wiping primed or painted surfaces which are
not fully cured. Awlprep wipe down products can attack an epoxy or
urethane coating as well as some polyester fillers which are not fully
cured. Usually an epoxy or urethane surface which can be sanded is
cured enough to be wiped down with Awlprep surface cleaning
solvents, but not de-waxing or degreasing solvents. Polyester fillers are
often sensitive to the types of solvents in the Awlprep product line.
Always check a small area before beginning the Two Cloth Method on
a primed or topcoated surface.
Detergent Scrubbing
Many applicators scrub the surface they are going to paint with a
powdered household cleanser and a 3M Scotch-Brite® Pad before any
other prep work is performed. This is an excellent practice as careful
observation of the rinse water will tell you when you have a clean surface.
Breaks, holes or beading of the rinse water indicate areas which need
additional cleaning.
Mixing & Reduction
None required.
Application Instructions
Two Cloth Cleaning Method:
1. The surface should be cleaned thoroughly of all dust. Use a vacuum
to remove dust or use clean, dry compressed air to blow while wiping
with clean, oil free, dry cotton cloths. The majority of dust and dirt
should be removed before wiping down with an Awlprep wipe down
solvent.
2. Soak one cloth in the Awlprep solvent of choice. Use this cloth to wet
the surface.
3. Use a dry second cloth to wipe the surface dry and lift the
contamination off the surface.
• Work small areas (4 sq. ft / 0.4 m2 or less) to keep the surface cleaner
from drying before the second rag wipes the surface clean and dry
• Repeat steps 2 and 3, changing rags frequently, until the surface
is residue-free
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APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLPREP WIPE DOWN SOLVENTS:
T0008/T0115/T0170
73
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
MAX COR CF HIGH SOLIDS
ANTI–CORROSIVE PRIMER: R4330/R3330
Application instructions continued...
WARNING:
Wiping the surface with one wet cloth only smears
contamination around. Be sure the cloth used does not
have any contaminates; clean cotton works the best.
The surface must be dry before using tack rags.
Features & Uses
Max Cor CF is a high solids two component anti-corrosive,
chromate-free epoxy primer for aluminum and steel with excellent
chemical and solvent resistance. Max Cor CF is based on
‘Controlled Fusion’ (CF) technology, a unique chemical system
that allows extended re-coat times, removes the need for sanding
prior to applying the next coat and also gives excellent substrate
adhesion. This technology eliminates the requirement for high
hazard chemicals and ensures a tightly fused intercoat layer
between the CF-based coating and the next applied coat.
Specification Data
Type: Epoxy Polyamine
Color: Green
Packaging: Base available in a 1 Gallon pack, converter in a
1
⁄2 Gallon pack
Theoretical Coverage:
*1138 sq ft/gallon (28.45 m2/lt) at 0.8 mil (20 microns) dry;
*910–1518 sq. ft/gallon (22.76–38.0 m2/lt) at recommended
dry film thickness.
*Calculated for mixed base and converter.
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 0.8–1.4 mils (20–34 microns)
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 0.6–1.0 mils (15–25 microns)
Number of coats: 1
Overcoating
Overcoating by
Hullgard Extra
Epoxy Primer
High Build
Epoxy Primer
15˚C/59˚F
MIN
MAX
25˚C/77˚F
MIN
MAX
35˚C/95˚F
MIN
MAX
17 hours 72 hours
17 hours 72 hours
7 hours 72 hours
17 hours 72 hours
17 hours 72 hours
7 hours 72 hours
(MIN – Minimum recoatability MAX – Maximum recoatability)
NOTE: If maximum overcoating interval is exceeded Max Cor CF will
need to be fully removed and re-applied. If maximum overcoating
interval is likely to be exceeded apply Hullgard Extra to give up to
6 months overcoating without the need for sanding.
VOC (mixed : R4330 : R3330)
– 3.15 lbs / gallon (378 g/lt)
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Green Base
R4330
Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R3330
Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .DO NOT THIN/REDUCE
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006 or T0002 Reducers or M.E.K.
74
APPLICATION GUIDE
MAX COR CF HIGH SOLIDS
ANTI–CORROSIVE PRIMER: R4330/R3330
continued...
Application Equipment
See equipment recommendations pages 8–14.
Surface Preparation
The surface must be clean and dry, free of all dirt, grease and oil. Use
Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep T0008 or Awlprep
Plus T0115 ; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340).
Aluminum: Sandblast / Grind to 100% clean silver color. A surface
profile of 2–3mils (50–75 microns) is recommended.
Steel: Sandblast/Grind SSPC-SP10 or Sa21⁄2 . A surface profile of
2–3mils (50–75 microns) is recommended.
Mixing & Reduction
Mix by volume 2 parts R4330 with 1 part R3330.
Ensure R4330 is uniformly dispersed before addition of
R3330. Mix until a smooth homogenous mixture is obtained.
Induction Time after Mixing: N/A
Anticipated Pot Life at 77°F (25˚C) @ 50% R.H: 2 hours
Application Instructions
Spray only. Apply one smooth wet coat. Substrate may be
visible through the dry film. Do not exceed maximum
recommended dry film thickness.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (40˚C)
or colder than 59˚F (15˚C). Do not attempt to cure products at
temperatures below 59˚F (15˚C).
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MAX COR CF AEROSOL
ANTI–CORROSIVE PRIMER: S4010
Features & Uses
Max Cor CF is a high solids two component anti-corrosive,
chromate-free epoxy primer for aluminum and steel with excellent
chemical and solvent resistance. Max Cor CF is based on
‘Controlled Fusion (CF) technology, a unique chemical system that
not only ensures excellent substrate adhesion, without the need
for high hazard chemicals, but also gives a tightly fused intercoat
layer between Max Cor CF and the next applied coat. Innovative
technology has allowed the two-component Max Cor CF paint to
be dispersed in an aerosol, while greatly exceeding standard
spray paint cans in terms of performance and quality.
The Max Cor CF aerosol is ideal for repairs and hard to
reach areas where a fast and effective solution is required.
Specification Data
Type: Epoxy Polyamine
Color: Green
Packaging: A 2-part 250ml aerosol available in all regions
Theoretical Coverage:
*492 sq. ft / gallon (12 m2/lt) at 0.8 mil (20 microns) dry;
*779–1312 sq. ft / gallon (19–32 m2/lt) at recommended dry film
thickness
*Calculated for mixed base, converter and propellants.
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 1.3–2.0 mils (33–55 microns) per
coat
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 0.3–0.5 mils (7.5–12.5 microns)
per coat
Number of coats: 2 (smooth wet coats, 15 minutes apart)
Overcoating
15˚C/59˚F
Overcoating by
Hullgard Extra
Epoxy Primer
High Build
Epoxy Primer
MIN
MAX
25˚C/77˚F
MIN
MAX
35˚C/95˚F
MIN
MAX
17 hours 72 hours
17 hours 72 hours
7 hours 72 hours
17 hours 72 hours
17 hours 72 hours
7 hours 72 hours
(MIN – Minimum recoatability MAX – Maximum recoatability)
VOC (mixed : R4330 : R3330)
– 5.48 lbs /gallon (656g/lt)
NOTE: If maximum overcoating interval is exceeded Max Cor CF will need to
be fully removed and re-applied. If maximum overcoating interval is likely to be
exceeded apply Hullgard Extra to give up to 6 months overcoating without
the need for sanding.
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APPLICATION GUIDE
MAX COR CF AEROSOL
ANTI–CORROSIVE PRIMER: S4010
continued...
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
WASH PRIMER CF CHROMATE-FREE
ETCH PRIMER: D6600/3300
Features & Uses
Wash Primer CF is a chromate-free etch primer, based on
‘Controlled Fusion’ (CF) technology. CF technology is a unique
chemical system that allows extended re-coat times, removes the
need for sanding prior to applying the next coat and also gives
excellent substrate adhesion. This technology eliminates the
requirement for high hazard chemicals and ensures a tightly fused
intercoat layer between the CF-based coating and the next
applied coat.
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
2-part Aerosol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S4010
Reducer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .DO NOT THIN/REDUCE
Application Equipment - Operation of aerosol
1X
1. Shake aerosol can vigorously. When mixing ball is heard,
shake can for a further two minutes minimum.
2. Remove the red push button from the cap and place on
the bottom of the aerosol. Place the aerosol on a stable,
horizontal surface with the cap pointing downwards.
3. Activate the aerosol by applying even, vertical pressure.
Listen for the clicking noise. Press just once.
4. Write the date and time of activation on the label.
The pot life specified on this datasheet applies to an
ambient temperature of 77°F (25˚C).
DATE:
TIME:
The pot life will vary depending on the ambient temperature. Lower
temperatures will extend the pot life, while higher temperatures will
reduce it.
5. Thoroughly shake the aerosol for two minutes to properly
mix all the components together.
6. Perform a trial spray.
7. When you are finished working you must empty the valve
with the spray head pointing downwards. Spray until only
propellant leaves the muzzle.
Surface Preparation
The surface must be clean and dry, free of all dirt, grease and oil. Use
T340 Surface Cleaner (EU only), T0008 Surface Cleaner or T0115
Wax and Grease remover.
Aluminum: Sandblast / Grind to 100% clean silver color.
Steel: Sandblast/Grind SSPC-SP10 or Sa 2 1⁄2 .
Induction Time after Mixing: N/A
Anticipated Pot Life at 77°F (25˚C) @ 50% R.H: 2 hours
Application Instructions
Apply two smooth wet coats 15 minutes apart. Substrate may
be visible through the dry film. Do not exceed maximum
recommended dry film thickness.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (40˚C)
or colder than 59˚F (15˚C). Do not attempt to cure products at
temperatures below 59˚F (15˚C).
Disposal: Ensure aerosol can is completely empty prior to disposal.
77
Specification Data
Type: Two component Etch Primer
Color: Yellow
Packaging: Available in Europe and North America in 1 Quart base
(0.946lts fill volume) and 1 Quart converter (0.946lts fill
volume)
Theoretical Coverage:
408 sq. ft / gallon (10m2/lt) at 0.5 mil (13 microns) DFT. Coverage
calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual
coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment choice,
application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Anticipated Drying Time at 77°F (25˚C) @ 50% R.H: 30 minutes
dust-free; 1 hour touch dry; 2 hours hard dry. 3 days to light service,
1 week for full cure.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 2–4 mils (50–100 microns) per
coat by conventional spray.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 0.25–0.5 mil (7–13 microns) per
coat by conventional spray.
Number of coats: 1 (at 0.25–0.5 mils / 7–13 microns DFT). Wash Primer
CF can be overcoated with 545 Epoxy Primer and Awlgrip Topcoats.
It is not suitable for use under Awlgrip Fairing Compounds.
Overcoatability: (At 77°F/25°C, 50% RH): With topcoat / primers is
1 hour (minimum). Maximum recoat time, without sanding, is 6 months.
Inspection for cleanliness is recommended.
3
IMPORTANT:
The Controlled-Fusion process will mean that the Wash Primer CF
will soften when overcoated by solvent-based materials. Full
hardness and adhesion develops 1 week after Topcoat application.
Topcoated parts should be left a minimum of 7 days before
wrapping to allow controlled fusion process to complete.
VOC Base (D6600) – 675g/lt or 5.4 lbs/gallon
Converter (D3300) – 908g/lt or 7.6 lbs/gallon
Mixed components, unreduced (as supplied) VOC is
780 g/lt or 6.5 lbs/gallon.
78
APPLICATION GUIDE
WASH PRIMER CF CHROMATE-FREE
ETCH PRIMER: D6600/3300 continued...
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Base – Yellow Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6600
Converter – Etch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3300
Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .DO NOT THIN/REDUCE
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006, T0002 or M.E.K
Application Equipment
Apply Wash Primer CF by spray, brush or roller. If overcoating
metal directly only apply by spray due to risk of snagging roller
fibers. Conventional spray is the most efficient way to apply this
product, see pages 8–12
Spray Set Up
Gravity Fed Conventional gun: 1.1–1.4 size tip.
3–4 bar at source (depending on line length)
Surface Preparation
Wash Primer CF may be directly applied to aluminum, anodized
aluminum and stainless steel. Not suitable for wooden or plastic
surfaces.
1. Thoroughly clean and degrease the surface. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers. Be sure all
detergent residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip Wipe
Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface
Cleaner T0340) for a final wipe down of the surface.
2. For maximum adhesion, it is recommended that anodized and
stainless steel parts are sanded with 80–120 grit paper which
will ‘break’ the surface to ensure adhesion to the substrate.
3. For architectural grades of anodized aluminum, the surface must be
thoroughly sanded with 40–80 grade paper until a surface profile is
present. The surface must then be thoroughly cleaned and degreased
with Awlgrip Wipe Down Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115;
EU: Surface Cleaner T0340).
In some circumstances a full anti-corrosive/fairing system may not be
required (e.g. window frames, parts etc). In such instances there are
two alternative options for coating suitably prepared steel or aluminum refer to surface preparation section, page 23 onwards for the correct
surface preparation prior to applying the Fast Drying Topcoat System
or Build System.
Mixing & Reduction
Thoroughly mix the base until a consistent homogenous blend
is obtained. Power mixers or shakers are preferred. If not available
thorough hand mixing is acceptable. Add converter and
thoroughly mix again. Mix ratio by volume is 1 part D6600 to
1 part D3300. Reduction is not required as material is supplied
at maximum allowable VOC.
Induction Time after Mixing: N/A
Anticipated Pot Life at 77°F (25˚C) @ 50% R.H: 8 hours
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
79
WASH PRIMER CF CHROMATE-FREE
ETCH PRIMER: D6600/3300 continued...
Application Instructions
General Topside Systems
Apply by air atomized spray. Apply 1 coat at 2–4 mils (50–100
microns) giving a dry film thickness between 0.25–0.5 mils (7–13
microns). Several passes are required with the spray gun for a
good surface. The first pass should be relatively slow (5–10cm /
2–4 inches per second). This pass is to obtain basic coverage.
Film build should then be achieved with multiple quick passes
(30–40cm / 12–16 inches per second) building to 2–4 mil (50–100
microns). Multiple passes are required in order to achieve a good
finish. Additional coats are not required once the coating is hard
dry. Obtaining the recommended film build is essential for a flat
surface.
Fast Drying Topcoat System
Apply by air atomized spray. Apply 1 coat of Wash Primer CF at
2 mils (50 microns) wet film thickness giving a dry film thickness of
0.25 mils (7 microns). Several passes are required with the spray
gun for a good surface. The first pass should be relatively slow
(5–10cm / 2–4 inches per second). This pass is to obtain basic
coverage.
Following the recommended overcoating interval apply 2–3 coats
of Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 topcoat at the correct wet film
thickness – check relevant datasheet for more information on
topcoat application.
Build System (for increased thickness and hiding imperfections)
Apply by air atomized spray. Apply 1 coat of Wash Primer CF at
2 mils (50 microns) wet film thickness giving a dry film thickness of
0.25 mils (7 microns). Several passes are required with the spray
gun for a good surface. The first pass should be relatively slow
(5–10cm / 2–4 inches per second). This pass is to obtain basic
coverage.
Following the recommended overcoating interval apply 1 coat of
545 Epoxy Primer (or 321 HS Undercoat) at the correct wet film
thickness — check relevant datasheet for more information on
undercoat application). Once cured for the recommended interval
then apply 2–3 coats of Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 or Awlcraft SE
topcoat at the correct wet film thickness — check relevant
datasheet for more information on topcoat application.
80
APPLICATION GUIDE
WASH PRIMER CF CHROMATE-FREE
ETCH PRIMER: D6600/3300 continued...
3
3
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81
HULLGARD EXTRA EPOXY PRIMER
D6120/D3730
IMPORTANT:
While the build system will be touch dry at 24 hours at 77˚F (25°C)
following topcoat application, it’s important for the ‘controlled
fusion’ to fully activate and through dry. No assembly, stacking
or drilling should take place prior to 2 weeks at 77°F (25°C),
or 3 weeks at 55°F (13°C).
Features & Uses
Hullgard Extra Epoxy Primer is a two component epoxy
substrate primer with excellent anticorrosive properties.
It offers excellent aged recoatability and provides a perfect
base for subsequent fairing with Awlfair fairing compound(s).
For use above and below the waterline.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5°F (3°C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105°F (41°C). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55°F (13°C) and maximum
105°F (41°C).
Specification Data
Type: Two component epoxy
Color: White
Packaging: All countries: Available in 1 Gallon base (0.87GL fill volume)
and 1 Quart converter (16.7 fl.oz. fill volume). Mixed volume is 1 Gallon.
EU only: Available in 5 Gallon base (16.45lt fill volume) and 84fl.oz.
converter (2.46lt fill volume). Mixed volume is 5 Gallon. Also available
in 1 Quart Kit pack where mixed volume is 1 Quart.
Theoretical Coverage:
185 sq. ft / gallon = 4.6m2/lt at 4 mils/100 microns DFT. Coverage
calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual
coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment choice,
application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: Wet Film Thickness: 9 mils
(225 microns) per coat by airless spray, 5 mils (125 microns) per coat
by brush/roller.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: Dry Film Thickness: 4 mils
(100 microns) per coat by airless spray, 2.5 mils (60 microns) per coat
by brush/roller.
Number of coats: 1 by airless spray (at 4 mils/100 microns DFT),
minimum 2 by roller.
Anticipated Drying Time at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 30 minutes
dust–free, 6 hours touch dry; 10 hours hard dry.
Recoatability (At 77˚F (25˚C), 50% RH):
With Itself or Primers/surfacers— 2 hours (minimum). Maximum recoat
time, without sanding 6 months (in shed). Inspection for cleanliness is
recommended. Do not wipe with solvents.
With Fillers — 16 hours (minimum). Maximum recoat time, without
sanding 6 months (in shed). Inspection for cleanliness is recommended.
Do not wipe with solvents.
IMPORTANT:
The Controlled-Fusion process will mean that the Wash Primer CF
will soften when overcoated by solvent-based materials. Full
hardness and adhesion develops 1 week after Topcoat
application. Topcoated parts should be left a minimum of 7 days
before wrapping to allow controlled fusion process to complete.
VOC Base (D6120): 482 g/lt or 4.0 lbs/gallon
Converter (D3730): 376 g/lt or 3.1 lbs/gallon
Mixed components, unreduced (as supplied) VOC is 468 g/lt
or 3.9 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6120
Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3730
Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006 , T0002 or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Apply by airless spray, air atomized spray, brush or roller.
Airless spray is the most efficient way to apply this product.
See pages 8–12.
82
APPLICATION GUIDE
HULLGARD EXTRA EPOXY PRIMER
D6120/D3730 continued...
Surface Preparation
Hullgard Extra may be directly applied to grit blasted steel. Gritblast to
Sa21⁄2 / SSPC-SP10 – near white metal surface. A surface profile of 2–3
mils (50–75 microns) is recommended. If gritblasting is not possible, grind
the metal surface with 24–36 grit abrasive discs to a uniform, clean,
bright metal surface 2–3 mils (50–75 microns) anchor pattern. May also
be applied to abraded aluminum (grit 36) and fiberglass (degrease and
abrade using 180 grit paper). For the ultimate anti-corrosive system first
apply a coat of Max Cor CF to the suitably prepared steel or aluminum
substrate (refer to Max Cor CF datasheet for further information on
surface preparation and overcoating times). Wood should be clean and
sanded with 80–180 grit paper.
NOTE: For underwater applications do not apply antifouling direct to
Hullgard Extra; Apply a coat of Hullgard Epoxy Primer (EU only)
prior to antifouling application.
Mixing and Reduction
Check for settling, then thoroughly mix the base until a consistent
homogenous blend is obtained. Power mixers or shakers are
preferred. If not available thorough hand mixing is acceptable.
Add converter and again mix thoroughly. Mix ratio by volume is
10 parts D6120 to 1.5 parts D3730. Reduction is not normally
required but at lower temperatures small amounts (5%) of
T0006 can be added. Do not reduce more than 15%.
Induction time: 10 minutes.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% RH: 8 hours.
Application Instructions
Apply by airless spray, air atomized spray, brush or roller.
NOTE: Only apply Hullgard Extra by roller if applying over Max Cor CF
due to risk of snagging roller fibers. Apply 9 mils (225 microns) WFT
yielding 4 mils (100 microns) DFT per coat. Multiple coats may be
required when using roller or brush.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5°F (3°C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105°F (41°C). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55°F (13°C) and maximum
105°F (41°C).
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
83
HULLGARD EPOXY PRIMER (EU ONLY)
D6070/D3707
Features & Uses
Hullgard Epoxy Primer is a two component epoxy primer that
combines excellent anti-corrosive and water barrier properties
with antifouling tie-coat functionality. It offers a long overcoating
interval without sanding to reduce work time for underwater
systems. For use below the waterline only.
Specification Data
Type: Two component epoxy
Color: Buff
Packaging: Available in a 5 Gallon container (base, filled to 3¾ GL) and
1 Gallon (converter, filled to 1GL). Mixed volume 1 US Gallon.
Theoretical Coverage: 140 Sq. ft/gallon = 3.5 m2/lt at 5.5 mils/135
microns DFT or 360 Sq. ft/ gallon (9m²/lt) at 2 mils/ 50 microns DFT.
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness — 12 mils (300 microns) per coat
by spray, 4 mils (110 microns) per coat by brush/roller.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness — 5.5 mils (138 microns) per coat
by spray, 2 mils (50 microns) per coat by brush/roller.
Number of coats: See application instructions.
Anticipated drying time at 77°F/25°C: 2 hours touch dry; 7 hours
hard dry.
Recoatability (At 77°F/25°C, 50% RH):
With Itself — 2 hours (minimum)
Maximum recoat time without sanding 6 months. Inspection for
cleanliness recommended prior to subsequent application. Ensure dust
is removed and remove any dirt pick-up with T0006. If recoatability time
is exceeded abrade using 180–220 grit paper.
With Antifouling — Minimum 2 hours by brush/roller or 6 hours by
spray at recommended film thickness. Maximum recoat time 7 hours
by brush/roller or 16 hours by spray at recommended film thickness.
VOC Base (D6070 / D1021) – 391g/lt or 3.26 lbs/gallon
Converter (D3707) – 634 g/lt or 5.29 lbs/gallon
Mixed (unreduced) – 452g/lt or 3.77 lbs/gallon.
Mixed with 5% T0006 : 470g/lt or 3.92 lbs/gallon.
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Base – Buff Color . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6070
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3707
Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006 , T0002 or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Apply by airless spray, air atomized spray, brush or roller.
Airless spray is the most efficient way to apply this product.
See pages 8–12.
84
APPLICATION GUIDE
HULLGARD EPOXY PRIMER (EU ONLY)
D6070/D3707
85
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
AWLFAIR LW FAIRING COMPOUND
D8200 / D7200 (Standard)
continued...
Surface Preparation
Hullgard Epoxy Primer may be directly applied to grit blasted steel.
Gritblast to Sa 21⁄2 / SSPC-SP10 – near white metal surface. A surface
profile of 2–3 mils (50–75 microns) is recommended. If gritblasting is not
possible, grind the metal surface with 24–36 grit abrasive discs to a
uniform, clean, bright metal surface 2–3 mils (50–75 microns) anchor
pattern. Fiberglass should be degreased with powered household
detergent followed by a solvent wipe. The surface should then be
sanded with 180 grit paper. May also be applied to clean, dry wood.
Abrade the wood using 80–180 grit paper. Any previous antifouling paint
should be removed prior to application of Hullgard Epoxy Primer.
Mixing and Reduction
Check for settling, then thoroughly mix the base until a consistent
homogenous blend is obtained. Power mixers or shakers are
preferred. If not available thorough hand mixing is acceptable.
Add converter and again mix thoroughly. Mix ratio by volume is
3 parts D6070 to 1 part D3707. Reduction is not normally
required but at lower temperatures small amounts (5%) of T0006
can be added. Do not reduce more than 15% per gallon kit.
Induction time after mixing: 10 minutes.
Anticipated Pot Life at 25°C/ 77°F, 50% RH: 3 hours.
Application Instructions
Apply by airless spray, air atomized spray, brush or roller.
NOTE: Only apply Hullgard Epoxy by roller if applying over
Max Cor CF due to risk of snagging roller fibers.
Apply 12 mils (300 microns) WFT yielding 5.5 mils (135 microns) DFT per
coat. Three coats at the recommended film thickness are needed for the
Standard Recoat System.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5°F (3°C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105°F (41°C). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55°F (13°C) and maximum
105°F (41°C).
Features & Uses
Fairing compounds are used to produce a smooth surface (and
to reduce drag). Awlfair LW is designed for fairing, leveling or
smoothing surface imperfections due to gouges, pitting, dents
or weld seams. Awlfair LW can be used above and below the
waterline. Although designed as a cosmetic material the design
of the structure it is being applied to should not be ignored. Seek
independent expert advice to ensure that the construction and
design are suitable for the chosen system and will not cause
the fairing material to crack or delaminate.
Specification Data
Type: Two component epoxy
Color: White base, Red converter. Pink — after mixing components
Packaging: Available in 1 Quart, 1 Gallon (US only), 2 Gallon, 5 Gallon,
and 200lt (EU only).
Theoretical Coverage per coat (at recommended DFT):
6.8 ft2/gal (.63 m2/lt) at 240 mils (6000 microns, 6mm, 0.25 inch) DFT.*
Maximum DFT 10000 micron, 400 ml, 10mm, 0.4 inch. Coverage
calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%.
Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment choice,
application techniques, part size, and application environment.
* A max DFT of 5–6 mm per application is recommended to minimize air
entrapment. Thicker applications may lead to excessive air entrapment
which in turn can lead to defects and a system failure.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 240 mils (6000 microns, 6mm,
0.25 inch) per coat.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 240 mils (6000 microns, 6mm,
0.25 inch)
Number of coats: As required
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F (25°C), 50% RH: 8 hours touch dry;
24 hours resistance to foot/tread; 7 days full cure.
Mechanical Properties
-4˚F/-20˚C
32˚F/0˚C
68˚F/20˚C
Compressive Strength (MPa)
66
60
47
Compressive Strain (%)
6
6
5
Tensile Strength (MPa)
19
23
20
Test
Tensile Strain (%)
Tensile Modulus (MPa)
0.5
0.8
0.8
3541
3041
2527
Flexural Strength (MPa)
42
39
36
Flexural Strain (%)
1.6
1.5
1.6
2874
2596
2272
8
8
8
Flexural Modulus (MPa)
Thermal Expansion
Coefficient (x10-5)
WARNING
The information set out above is provided for guidance only and
is based on our own internal product testing under controlled conditions
using hand-mixed product. Please note that there may be slight
variations when the product is used in service conditions. Air pockets
due to poor application will significantly affect the mechanical properties
of the Awlfair LW and therefore must be eliminated as far as possible.
86
APPLICATION GUIDE
87
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AWLFAIR LW FAIRING COMPOUND
AWLFAIR LW FAIRING COMPOUND
D8200 / D7200 (Standard)
continued...
D8200 / D7200 (Standard)
continued...
We appreciate that it is very difficult to entirely eliminate air pockets in
an industrial environment - you can however, minimize any risk by
eliminating air pockets as far as possible and by ensuring that any air
pockets are less than 4mm. The use of battens when fairing can result
in excessive air pockets and should be discussed with an Awlgrip
Technical Representative. If in doubt, test the product for the intended
use on a suitable mock-up representative of the vessel area to be faired
in order to fully take into account any specific design, temperature,
fabrication, substrate, application and product thickness/scheme
considerations. Seek independent expert advice to ensure that the
construction and design are suitable for the chosen system and will
not cause the fairing material to crack or delaminate. We have taken
reasonable care in preparing the information contained in the table
above and in collecting and preparing material for inclusion in it but do
not represent or warrant that it is free from error or that the information
content is complete or accurate. To the extent permitted by law,
International Paint Limited, trading as Awlgrip, accepts no responsibility
whatsoever for any loss, damage or other liability arising from any use
of information contained in the table above or reliance upon the
information which it contains.
VOC Base (D8200) – 0 lbs/gallon or 0 g/lt or 0g/kg or 0lb/lb
Recoatability
Awlfair LW must be sanded before recoating with itself, surfacing filler or
any other high build primer. It must be overcoated with an approved high
build primer to reduce the risk of print through of the fairing compound
profile. Awlfair LW is sandable after 48 hrs at 55˚F (13˚C), 17hrs at 77˚F
(25˚C) & 6.5 hrs at 95˚F (35˚C). Block and machine sand with 36–80 grit
paper
Overcoating by
60˚F/15˚C
77˚F/25˚C
95˚F/35˚C
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
42 hours
Unlimited*
17 hours
Unlimited*
6.5 hours
Unlimited*
High Build
Epoxy Sprayable
Fairing Compound
Hullgard Epoxy
Ultra Build
WARNING
Some areas may need extra applications and additional block sanding
to achieve specified quality (i.e. under dark hulls).
* Fairing compound must be sanded prior to application and application of primer should
take place as soon as possible after sanding.
Converter (D7200) – 0.70 lbs/gallon or 84 g/lt or 120g/kg
or 0.12lb/lb
Mixed (1:1 by volume) – 0.35 lbs/gallon or 42g/lt or
46g/kg or 0.05lb/lb
Specific Gravity – 0.91
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Base – Awlfair LW Base White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8200
Converter – Awlfair LW Conv. Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D7200
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006 or T0002
Application Equipment
Trowels, Spatulas, Longboard, or Putty Knives.
Surface Preparation
The surface preparation advice provided, and equipment suggestions,
can be used as a guide. Preparation techniques and results will vary
according to individual conditions, equipment age and other factors.
Testing on a non-critical area should be carried out prior to full-scale
preparation. Only apply over properly applied and prepared Awlgrip
primers. Hullgard Extra Epoxy Primer and High Build (GRP only) are
recommended substrate primers. Awlfair LW may be applied direct to
Hullgard Extra without the need for sanding. High Build must be
sanded prior to application of Awlfair LW. See the relevant primer
product datasheet for details.
Mixing & Reduction
Mixing and reduction requirements will vary according to individual
conditions, climate, equipment age and other factors. Mixing and
application of a small sample before full scale application is
recommended. Awlfair LW can be mixed using a suitable
automatic mixing machine. The use of a mixing machine will
generally increase the density of the product and will change the
mechanical properties of the fairing compound. At the same time,
automatic mixing equipment can provide productivity and health
and safety benefits. Please consult your local technical
representative for further advice regarding the use of automatic
mixing equipment.
Mix 1:1 by volume (as supplied).
Mix ratio by weight: 1.59 :1 D8200 : D7200
Anticipated Pot Life at 50% RH:
Drying Times: NOTE - While the fairing compound may appear
hard dry, curing will continue for several days. This does not
prevent overcoating.
Drying Time
60˚F/15˚C
77˚F/25˚C
95˚F/35˚C
Hardness
Development
(Shore D)
>60 after 48 hours
>60 after 24 hours
>60 after 16 hours
60˚F (15˚C) : 21⁄2–3 hours
77˚F (25˚C) : 11⁄2–2 hours
95˚F (35˚C) : 45 mins–1 hr
Mix the two components thoroughly to a uniform pink color with
no streaks or lumps. Pot life and working time is dependent upon
temperature. Warmer climates will decrease pot life.
88
APPLICATION GUIDE
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89
AWLFAIR LW FAIRING COMPOUND
AWLFAIR LW FAST CURE
D8200 / D7200 (Standard)
continued...
EPOXY TROWELABLE FAIRING COMPOUND
D8200/D7222 (Fast)
WARNING:
Do not add reducers, solvents or thinners of any kind to
Awlfair LW.
Application Instructions
Application equipment and parameters are given as a guide. Please
ensure a risk assessment is carried out to assess the level of PPE
required for the particular task undertaken when using this product.
Apply Awlfair LW by trowel to an area you can work in 15–20 minutes.
Start with thin coats of up to 6mm in low areas and build out to high
areas. Allow to cure. Several applications may be necessary to fill large
areas. Block and machine sand with 36–80 grit paper. Remove air
pockets and chamfer the edges prior to refilling as appropriate. Remove
sanding dust and residue before applying more Awlfair LW. Stop when
the faired surface meets the fairing quality specified for the project.
3
3
IMPORTANT:
Awlfair LW must be sealed with Hullgard Epoxy Primer
(EU only) (D6070/D3707) when used below the waterline.
IMPORTANT:
Awlfair LW must be sealed with an Awlgrip epoxy primer such as
High Build when used above the waterline. This will maximize
gloss and color holdout in the Awlgrip topcoat system.The
Awlgrip Surfacing Filler may be used on top of the Awlfair LW
to cover pinholes and sand marks prior to priming.
WARNING:
Do not use below 55°F (13°C) or warmer than 104°F (40°C).
Proper application and/or cure results may be more difficult to
achieve when conditions are outside this range. Do not thin.
Do not wipe down cured filler with reducers. Avoid conditions
of low temperature with high humidity as this can result in the
formation of a surface by-product that must be removed by
either detergent wash followed by fresh water wash or
by sanding.
Features & Uses
Awlfair LW is a premium, epoxy trowelable fairing compound
used for fairing, levelling and smoothing surface imperfections,
caused by gouges, pitting, dents or weld seams. For use above
and below the waterline.
Specification Data
Type: Two component epoxy
Color: White base, Red converter. Pink — after mixing components
Packaging: Available in 1 quart containers, 1 gallon containers (NA
only), 2 Gallon containers and 5 Gallon containers (NA only)
Theoretical Coverage:
Sq. ft / Gallon: 1,463 sq. ft (136m2) at one mil dry (25 microns) DFT. 5.9
sq. ft (0.54m2); 1/4 inch; 250 mils (6,350 microns) DFT. Coverage
calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual
coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment choice,
application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 250 mils (6350 microns) per coat.
Maximum 400 mils (1cm) per coat.
Number of coats: As required
Anticipated Cure Time at 77˚F (25°C), 50% R.H: 7 hours resistance
to foot/tread; 7 days full cure.
Recoatability: Awlfair LW must be sanded before recoating with itself,
surfacing filler or any other high build primer. It must be overcoated with
an approved high build primer, such as High Build, Epoxy Sprayable
Fairing Compound, Hullgard, Ultra Build or Awlfair Surfacing Filler
(EU only) before applying the finishing system to reduce the risk of print
through of the fairing compound profile. Awlfair LW is sandable after 17
hrs at 55˚F (13˚C), 6 hrs at 77˚F (25˚C) and 90 mins at 95˚F (35°C)
Shore D hardness development after 7 days: >60 at 77˚F/25˚C.
VOC White Base (D8200) – 0 g/lt or 0 lbs/gallon
Fast Converter (D7222) – 185 g/lt or 1.54 lbs/gallon
Mixed (1:1 by volume) – 93 g/lt or 0.77 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8200
Fast Red Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D7222
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006, T0002 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Trowels, Spatulas, Longboard, or Putty Knives.
Surface Preparation
Only apply over properly applied and prepared Awlgrip Primers.
Hullgard Extra Epoxy Primer, and High Build are recommended
substrate primers. Awlfair LW may be applied direct to Hullgard
Extra without the need for sanding.
See the relevant primer product datasheet for details. High Build
must be sanded prior to application of Awlfair LW.
90
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLFAIR LW FAST CURE
EPOXY TROWELABLE FAIRING COMPOUND
D8200/D7222 (Fast) continued...
Mixing and Reduction
Mix by volume 1:1 D8200:D7222.
Mix ratio by weight: 1.56:1 D8200:D7222
Induction Time after Mixing: None
Thoroughly mix material to a uniform pink color with no streaks or lumps
in the mix. Do not add thinners or reducers to Awlfair LW.
Anticipated Pot Life at 50% RH: 55˚F (13˚C): 80 mins
75˚F (25˚C): 30–35 mins
95˚F (35˚C): 15–20 mins
Application Instructions
Properly prepare and prime the surface with the recommended primer
before starting to fill or fair. Apply Awlfair LW by trowel to an area you
can work in 5 to 10 minutes. Pot life and working time is dependant
upon temperature. Warmer climates will decrease pot life. Start with thin
coats in low areas and build out to high areas. Allow to cure. Several
applications may be necessary to fill large areas. Block and/or machine
sand with 36 to 60 grit paper. Remove sanding dust and residue before
applying more Awlfair LW. Stop when the faired surface has a uniform
surface which meets the fairing quality specified for the project.
TIP:
Awlfair LW must be sealed with Hullgard Epoxy Primer
(EU only - D6070/D3707) when used below the waterline.
TIP:
Awlfair LW must be sealed with an Awlgrip epoxy primer such
as High Build when used above the waterline. This will maximize
gloss and color holdout in the Awlgrip topcoat system.
WARNING: Do not use unless mixed thoroughly with the
curing agent at the specified ratio. Do not use below 55˚F (13˚C)
or warmer than 104˚F (40˚C). Proper application and/or cure
results may be more difficult to achieve when conditions are
outside this range. Avoid conditions of low temperature with
high humidity as this can result in the formation of a surface
by-product that must be removed by either detergent wash
followed by fresh water wash or by sanding. Do not thin or wipe
down cured filler with reducers. Do not incorporate into this
Awlgrip Coating System, any thinner, additive, modifier, converter,
or related product produced by any manufacturer other than
Awlgrip. Any such substitution can jeopardize the unique chemical
characteristics provided by each of the Awlgrip Coating systems.
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91
EPOXY SPRAYABLE FAIRING COMPOUND
D6001/D3011
Features & Uses
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound is an epoxy surfacer used
on large fairing surfaces as a sanding layer before
High Build or Ultra Build. Do not use for spot repairs.
For above waterline use only.
Specification Data
Type: Epoxy Polyamide
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers
Theoretical Coverage:
Coverage: sq. ft/Gallon; 981 sq. ft (91m2) at one mil dry
(25 microns); 65 sq. ft (6m2) at recommended dry film thickness.
Calculated for mixed base and converter, reduced 15%.
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: Up to 60 mils
(Up to 1,500 microns) in 2 coats.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: Up to 40 mils
(Up to 1,000 microns).
Recoatability: May be recoated with itself, after 2 hours; with other
products, minimum 24 hours. Multiple coat applications will usually
need 2–3 days (48–72 hours) before overcoating with other products.
Maximum without sanding: 24 Hours. Epoxy Sprayable Fairing
Compound is very porous. It must be sealed with High Build or
Ultra Build before applying a final primer or topcoat.
VOC Base (D6001) – 256 g/lt or 2.1 lbs/gallon
Converter (D3011) – 246 g/lt or 2.1 lbs/gallon
Mixed (1:1 by volume) – 251 g/lt or 2.1 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Base – Tan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6001
Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3011
Reducer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002 or T0006 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional or airless spray. Pressure feed equipment required.
See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
This product should only be applied over other properly prepared Awlgrip
primers. See Surface Preparation section for each type of substrate.
92
APPLICATION GUIDE
EPOXY SPRAYABLE FAIRING COMPOUND
D6001/D3011 continued...
Mixing and Reduction
Spray: Mix 1 part D6001 with 1 part D3011. When a smooth
homogenous mixture is obtained, reduce 5–25% with T0006.
Overall mix is 1:1:1⁄10 by volume.
Example: 8 oz. D6001, 8 oz. D3011, 1.6 oz. T0006.
Induction Time after Mixing: 15 Minutes.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 16 Hours.
Application Instructions
Spray: Apply heavy coats, 30 mils WFT or more. Multiple coats may
be needed. Do not apply more than three coats without allowing to
cure hard.
Trowel/Knife: Mix D6001 and D3011 without reducer. Allow to induct
30 minutes, re-stir. This mixture can be used to trowel into very minor
pinholes or scratches.
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound is not intended for spot
applications.
WARNING:
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound can take 2–3 days to cure
at 77˚F (25˚C). Plan for longer cure times at temperatures below
77˚F (25˚C). Do not apply paint materials to surfaces warmer than
105˚F (40˚C) or colder than 55˚F (13˚C). Do not attempt to cure
products at temperatures below 55˚F (13˚C).
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93
AWLFAIR SURFACING FILLER
D6200/D3200 (EU only)
Features & Uses
Awlfair Surfacing Filler is a premium two-component epoxy
product. It is a non-shrinking glazing filler applicable over
Awlfair LW Fairing Compound where it is used to fill sand
scratches, pinholes and surface imperfections. Awlfair Surfacing
Filler gives an outstanding smooth finish prior to applying the
sealing, high build or finish primer. Utilizing the same technology
as Awlfair LW, Awlfair Surfacing Filler has outstanding solvent
resistance coupled with an improved Health and Safety profile.
Specification Data
Type: Two-Component Epoxy
Packaging: Available in 1HG pack (fill volume 1.89lts) base and
1QT pack (fill volume 0.946lts).
Theoretical Coverage:
Coverage: sq. ft/Gallon; 360 sq. ft (8.8m2) per coat at recommended dry
film thickness. Awlfair Surfacing Filler is typically applied in several tight
screeded layers up to a maximum total thickness of 20 mils / 500
microns. Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer
efficiency of 100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according
to equipment choice, application techniques, part size, and
application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 4 mils (100 micron) per coat.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: DFT 4 mils (100 micron) per coat.
Number of coats: 2
Recoatability at 77˚F (25˚C) /50% R.H:
Can be overcoated with itself and High Build, Ultra Build, Hullgard
Epoxy Primer (EU only), Hullgard Extra Epoxy Primer, Epoxy
Sprayable Fairing Compound, 545 Epoxy Primer** and Awlquik after
a minimum of 6 hours at 77˚F (25˚C) and unlimited* as a maximum time
at 77˚F (25˚C). Awlfair Surfacing Filler is sandable after 24 hours at
60°F (15°C), 6 hours at 77°F (25°C) and 2 hours at 95°F (35°C). Sand
using 100–120 grit sandpaper.
NOTE: In all cases, Awlfair Surfacing Filler must be sanded prior to
recoating with itself or any other primer. Once sanded Awlfair Surfacing
Filler must be overcoated within 24 hours. Do not spray topcoat direct
to Awlfair Surfacing Filler.
Shore D hardness development: >60 at 12 hours at 77°F (25°C)
As Awlfair Surfacing Filler layers are thin, measurement of Shore D
can be difficult.
* Awlfair Surfacing Filler must be sanded prior to overcoating
** To achieve the optimum aesthetic result, overcoat Awlfair Surfacing
Filler with High Build Epoxy Primer before applying 545 Epoxy
Primer.
94
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLFAIR SURFACING FILLER
D6200/D3200 (EU only)
continued...
VOC Base (D6200) – 9 g/lt or 0.08 lbs/gallon
Converter (D3200) – 337 g/lt or 2.81 lbs/gallon
Mixed (2:1 by volume) – 119 g/lt or 0.99 lbs/gallon
Volume Solids: – 88.36%
Specific Gravity – 1.642
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Awlfair Surfacing Filler Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6200
Awlfair Surfacing Filler Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3200
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002 or T0006 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Trowels, Spatulars, Putty Knives.
Surface Preparation
Awlfair LW Fairing Compound should be sanded prior to application of
the Awlfair Surfacing Filler. See the relevant product datasheet for more
details.
Mixing and Reduction
Mix 2:1. Do not thin
Mix the two components thoroughly to a uniform brown color
with no streaks or lumps.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 25 minutes.
Application Instructions
Awlfair Surfacing Filler is easily workable with a putty knife, trowel or
spatula. Apply Awlfair Surfacing Filler by trowel to an area you can work
within its pot life. The pot life and working time is dependent upon the
temperature. Warmer climates will decrease pot life. Apply the Awlfair
Surfacing Filler by screeding tightly across the surface to be covered.
Once this coat is dry, a second tight screed is applied at 90 degrees to the
first to remove any remaining small defects. This process can be repeated
a third time if necessary to leave the ultimate smooth surface. Only apply
over properly applied and prepared Awlfair LW Fairing Compound (any
voids present in the fairing compound must be repaired with Awlfair LW
Fairing Compound prior to application of the Awlfair Surfacing Filler).
Do not apply the Awlfair Surfacing Filler direct to GRP
WARNING:
Do not add any thinners or reducers to Awlfair Surfacing Filler.
Do not use unless mixed thoroughly with the converter at specified
ratio. Do not thin. Do not wipe down cured filler with reducers. Do not
use below 13°C/55°F or warmer than 40ºC/104°F. Proper application
and/or cure results may be more difficult to achieve when conditions
are outside this range. Avoid conditions of low temperature with high
humidity as this can result in the formation of a surface byproduct that
must be removed by either detergent wash followed by fresh water
wash or by sanding. Check with local authorities to determine VOC
restrictions in your area. Please ensure a risk assessment is carried
out to assess the level of PPE required for the particular task
undertaken when using this product.
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95
AWLQUIK EPOXY PRIMER/SURFACER
D8003/D9001
Features & Uses
Awlquik Epoxy Primer is a quick-drying epoxy primer surfacer.
For above waterline use only.
Specification Data
Type: Epoxy Polyamide
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers
Theoretical Coverage:
Sq. ft / Gallon: 609 sq. ft (57m2) at one mil dry (25 microns). 203–305 sq.
ft (19–28m2) at recommended dry film thickness. Calculated for mixed
base and converter reduced 50%. Coverage calculations are based on
theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will
vary according to equipment choice, application techniques, part size,
and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 5 mils (125 microns).
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2–3 mils (50–75 microns).
Recoatability at 77˚F (25˚C) /50% R.H:
Spray – may be overcoated with itself, 4 hours; with 545 Epoxy Primer
or topcoat, 12 hours.
Brush/Roll – with itself, 12–14 hours, with other products 12–14 hrs.
Maximum without sanding – 24 Hours. May be overcoated with
Awlgrip/Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats and 545 Epoxy Primer.
TIP:
Sealing Awlquik with 545 Epoxy Primer before applying an
Awlgrip/Awlcraft 2000 topcoat will maximize gloss and D.O.I.
of the topcoat.
VOC Base (D8003) – 436 g/lt or 3.6 lbs/gallon
Converter (D9001) – 354 g/lt or 3 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Off White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8003
Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D9001
Spray Reducer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006
Brushing Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0031
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002 or T0006 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional or airless spray, and brush/roller. See page 8–14.
Surface Preparation
Best when used as a surfacer over other Awlgrip primers. May be
applied by brush or roller directly to properly prepared wood or
fiberglass. Best results are obtained when these surfaces are first
sealed with 545 Epoxy Primer.
96
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLQUIK EPOXY PRIMER/SURFACER
D8003/D9001 continued...
Mixing and Reduction
Spray: Mix by volume 1 part D8003 Base with 1 part D9001 until
a smooth, homogenous mixture is obtained. Reduce as
necessary up to 50% with Spray Reducer T0006.
Example: 8 oz. D8003, 8 oz. D9001, 8 oz. T0006.
Brush/Roll: Reduce mixed D8003/D9001 as needed up to 50% with
T0031. For wood substrates reduce Awlquik 50–70% with T0031.
Induction Time after Mixing: 15 Minutes.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 8 Hours.
Application Instructions
Spray: Apply Awlquik Sanding Surfacer in smooth coats of 4–6 mils
(100–150 microns) WFT yielding 2–3 mils (50–75 microns) DFT. Allow
4 hours between coats at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H.
Brush/Roller: Two coats will be required. Light sanding between coats
will improve appearance. For large surfaces rolling, then tipping with a
brush is preferred.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5˚F (3˚C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55˚F (13˚C) and maximum 105˚F
(41˚C). Do not attempt to cure products at temperatures below
55°F (13°C).
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97
ULTRA BUILD EPOXY PRIMER
D8008/D3018
Features & Uses
Ultra Build Epoxy Primer is an epoxy primer sealer used where
high build and filling is required. For above waterline use only.
Specification Data
Type: Epoxy Polyamide
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers
Theoretical Coverage:
Sq. ft / Gallon 946 sq. ft (88 m2) at 1 mil dry (25 microns)
47–63 sq. ft (4–6 m2) at recommended dry film thickness. Calculated
for mixed base and converter reduced 10%.
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 25–30 mils (625–750 microns).
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 15–20 mils (375–500 microns).
Recoatability: May be overcoated with 545 Epoxy Primer, High Build,
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound, Awlfair LW and Awlquik.
Minimum with itself, 1 hour; other products, 12 hours. Maximum without
sanding 24 hours. Sanding before overcoating with other products is
recommended.
VOC Base (D8008) – 392 g/lt or 3.3 lb/gal
Converter (D3018) – 89 g/lt or 1.6 lb/gal
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8008
Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3018
Reducer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0073
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . .T0073, T0006, T0002 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional or airless spray. Pressure feed equipment
required. See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
This product should only be applied over other properly prepared Awlgrip
primers and fillers.
Mixing and Reduction
Mix by volume one part D8008 with one part D3018 to a smooth
homogenous mixture. Reduce 5%-25% with T0073 for
conventional spray. Airless spray application can be made
with no reduction.
Example: 10 oz. D8008, 10 oz. D3018, 2 oz. T0073 (10% reduction).
Induction Time after Mixing: 15 Minutes.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 8 Hours.
Application Instructions
Apply in smooth, even coats, allow one hour between coats at 77˚F
(25˚C), 50% R.H.
98
APPLICATION GUIDE
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
ULTRA BUILD EPOXY PRIMER
HIGH BUILD EPOXY PRIMER
D8008/D3018 continued...
D8002/D3002 or D9002/D3002
TIP:
Do not apply more than 2 coats without allowing to cure hard;
12–24 hours.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5˚F (3˚C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55˚F (13˚C) and maximum 105˚F
(41˚C). Do not attempt to cure products at temperatures below
55°F (13°C).
99
Features & Uses
High Build Epoxy Primer is a two component epoxy surfacer
for use where high build and filling is required. For use above
the waterline only.
In North America, D3002 is classed as a VOC Exempt Converter
according to North American legislation. Using D3002 and T0176 the
mixed ready to apply material has a VOC content of less than 2.8lbs/Gal
or 340g/lt. Check with local authorities to determine VOC restrictions
in your area.
Specification Data
Type: Epoxy Polyamide
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers
Theoretical Coverage:
Sq. ft / Gallon: 814 sq. ft (75.6m2) at one mil dry (25 microns). 111–157
sq. ft (10–15m2) at recommended dry film thickness with 2 coats.
Calculated for mixed base and converter reduced 20%.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 8–10 mils (200–250 microns)
per coat.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 4–5 mils (100–125 microns)
per coat, 2–3 coats may be required.
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and environment.
Recoatability: With itself, 2 hours; with other products, 12–24 hours.
Maximum without sanding: 24 Hours. Sanding before overcoating is
recommended. May be over coated with 545 Epoxy Primer, Ultra
Build, Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound, Awlfair LW and Awlquik.
VOC White Base (D8002) – 347 g/lt or 2.9 lbs/gallon
Yellow Base (D9002) – 338 g/lt or 2.8 lbs/gallon
Converter (D3002) NA only – 331 g/lt or 2.8 lbs/gallon
Converter (D3002) EU only – 361 g/lt or 3 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Yellow Base (NA Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D9002
Off White Base. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8002
Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3002
Standard Reducer for Epoxy Primers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006
Medium Evaporating VOC Exempt Reducer (US only) . . . . . . . . . .T0176
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . .Acetone, T0006, T0176, T0002 Reducers or M.E.K.
100
APPLICATION GUIDE
HIGH BUILD EPOXY PRIMER
D8002/D3002 or D9002/D3002 continued...
Application Equipment
Conventional or airless spray. Pressure feed equipment required.
See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
Best when used as a surfacer over other Awlgrip primers and fairing
compounds. May be applied directly to properly prepared wood or
fiberglass; however, best results are obtained when these surfaces
are first sealed with 545 Epoxy Primer.
Gelcoat/Fiberglass: Sand with 100–150 grit paper.
Wood: Smooth sand with 80–100 grit paper.
Mixing and Reduction
Mix by volume one part Base with one part Converter to a
smooth homogenous mixture.
Induction Time after Mixing: 15 Minutes.
Reduce: 10–20% with appropriate reducer.
Example 8 oz. Base: 8 oz. Base : 8 oz. D3002 : 3.2 oz. T0006 or
T0176.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 8 Hours.
Higher temperatures may shorten pot life.
Application Instructions
Spray: Apply High Build Epoxy Primer in even coats of 8–10 mils
(200–250 microns) wet film thickness yielding 4–5 mils (100–125
microns) DFT. 2–3 coats may be required.
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101
545 ANTI–CORROSIVE EPOXY PRIMER
D8001/D3001, D1001/D3001 OR
D3020/D3001
Features & Uses
545 Epoxy Primer is a two component epoxy primer with
outstanding corrosion and adhesion properties for steel,
aluminum, wood and fiberglass substrates. 545 Epoxy Primer
is used to seal surfacing primers before applying topcoats.
It may be applied by spray, brush or roller and may be used
above or below the waterline.
Specification Data
Type: Epoxy Polyamide
Packaging: Available in a 1 quart or 1 gallon container.
Theoretical Coverage: 497 sq. ft / gallon (46m2) at 1 mil dry
(25 microns); 165–248 sq. ft (15–23m2) at recommended dry film
thickness. Calculated for mixed base and converter, reduced up to
25%.Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 7–10 mils (175–250 microns)
2–3 coats.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2–3 mils (50–75 microns).
Recoatability: At 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H.
Spray: minimum with itself 1 hour, with other products 12 hours.
Brush/Roll: With itself 12–14 hours, with other products 12–14 hours.
Maximum without sanding 24 hours. Sanding is recommended to
improve adhesion and appearance. Overcoat with Awlgrip/Awlcraft
2000 Topcoats, High Build, Awlquik and Ultra Build.
TIP:
Do not apply more than 2 coats without allowing to cure hard,
12–24 hours.
VOC White Base (D8001) – 435 g/lt or 3.6 lbs/gallon
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5˚F (3˚C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C ). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55˚F (13˚C) and maximum 105˚F
(41˚C).
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Gray Base (D1001) – 426 g/lt or 3.6 lbs/gallon
Converter (D3001) – 616 g/lt or 5.1 lbs/gallon
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8001
Gray Base. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1001
Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3001
Standard Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006
Brushing Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0031
Cold-Cure Accelerator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M3066
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002, T0006 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional or airless spray and brush/roller. Pressure feed
equipment required. See pages 8–14.
102
APPLICATION GUIDE
545 ANTI–CORROSIVE EPOXY PRIMER
D8001/D3001, D1001/D3001 OR
D3020/D3001 continued...
Surface Preparation
Aluminum: Sand blast or grind to a 2–3 mil (50–75 micron) profile,
clean silver color. Alternatively, on small parts/components, prime
with Wash Primer CF.
Steel: Sandblast/Grind SSPC-SP10 or Sa21⁄2.
Gelcoat/Fiberglass: Sand with 100–150 grit paper.
Wood: Smooth sand with 80–100 grit paper.
Mixing and Reduction
Spray: Mix by volume one part 545 Base with one part D3001
Converter to a smooth homogenous mixture. When applying by
conventional spray, reduce up to 25% with T0006. Overall mix
is 1:1:1⁄2 by volume.
Example: 8 oz. 545 Base, 8 oz. D3001, 4 oz. T0006. When applying
by airless spray reduce up to 5% with T0006.
Brush/Roll: Mix by volume one part 545 Base with one part D3001
Converter to a smooth homogenous mixture; reduce 5–10% with
T0031. Below 77°F (25°C) you may use Cold-Cure Accelerator M3066
to maintain dry and cure times.
Induction Time after Mixing: 15 Minutes.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 16 Hours.
NOTE: For wood substrates first seal the wood with a light coat of
545 Epoxy Primer (spray) reduced 40% with T0006. Allow to cure
12–16 hours.
Application Instructions
Spray: Apply smooth, wet coats to fill and cover surface profile. 2–3
coats may be needed at 7.0–10 mils (175–250 microns) WFT yielding
2–3 mils (50–75 microns) DFT.
Brush/Roll: Apply 2 coats at 3–4 mils (75–100 microns) WFT yielding
1.0–1.5 (25–37 microns) DFT per coat. Allow 12–14 hours between
coats. Light sanding between coats will improve appearance. For large
surfaces rolling then tipping with a brush is preferred.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5˚F (3˚C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C ). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55˚F (13˚C) and maximum
105˚F (41˚C).
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103
321 HS UNDERCOAT R1100/R3100 or
R8100/R3100
Features & Uses
321 HS Undercoat is a low VOC, epoxy finish primer. Utilizing
an advanced resin technology and optimized pigment package
321 HS Undercoat can be applied with excellent flow and
levelling properties previously unseen from high solids primers.
With a VOC of just 340g/lt as applied and an easy-sand, long
overcoating film 321 HS Undercoat is the ideal primer for
all Awlgrip topcoats. Can be applied by spray, brush or roller.
Specification Data
Type: Low VOC Epoxy/modified aliphatic amine
Packaging: Available in 1 gallon containers filled to 2.84lt (base),
1 quart container (converter), 1 quart kit (mixed 1 quart – White only)
Theoretical Coverage: 200 sq. ft/gallon (4.9m2/lt) at 5 mils
(125 microns) dry film thickness. Calculated for mixed base and
converter without reduction
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 9 mils (234 microns)
applied in 2 coats
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 5 mils (125 microns)
applied in 2 coats
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and environment
Recoatability at 77°F (25°C):
Minimum without sanding: With itself: 1 hour. With topcoat: 24 hours
Maximum without sanding: With itself: 6 months*.
Maximum after sanding: With topcoat: 3 months*
Sanding is recommended before overcoating with topcoat. For optimal
appearance, 321 HS Undercoat should be left to dry for at least
72 hours before sanding and topcoating; the longer the curing time,
the better the finish.
* Ensure surface is clean and dry prior to recoating.
VOC White Base (R8100) – 232 g/lt or 1.9 lbs/gallon
Gray Base (R1100) – 232g/lt or 1.9 lbs/gallon
Converter (R3100) – 663g/lt or 5.5 lbs/gallon
Mixed components – 340g/lt, 2.8 lbs/gallon
(as supplied)
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R8100
Gray Base. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R1100
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R3100
Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006, T0176 (NA Only)
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006, T0176, Acetone or M.E.K.
DO NOT add Cold Cure Accelerator (M3066) to 321 HS Undercoat
Application Equipment
Brushes and Rollers: Brushes must be recommended for use
with solvent containing epoxy or urethane coatings. Natural bristle
brushes work best. Do not use products recommended for water based
104
APPLICATION GUIDE
321 HS UNDERCOAT R1100/R3100 or
R8100/R3100 continued...
coatings. Roller covers have similar requirements. They can be either
foam or conventional mohair type, but must be solvent resistant. Corona
Brushes (813-885-2525) and Redtree Industries (973-481-0200) are
good sources for brushes and roller covers.The Corona Urethaner or
Redtree Chinese Ox would do a good job with 321 HS Undercoat.
Brush/roller application is not recommended over large areas due to
appearance reasons. Brush/roller application is suitable for stripe
coating and small areas only.
Spray Equipment: Conventional or airless spray.
Pressure feed equipment required. See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
Gelcoat/Fiberglass: Sand with 100–150 grit paper.
Aluminum: Sandblast or grind to a 2–3mils (50–75µm) profile, 100%
clean silver color. Alternatively, on small parts/components, prime
with Wash Primer CF. Apply product within 8 hours of completion
of surface preparation.
High Build/Ultra Build Substrates: Sand with 240 or finer grit paper.
Sanding: Can be sanded after 16 hours (77°F/25°C). Once fully cured,
321 HS Undercoat should be sanded to a smooth surface using
320 or finer grit paper. The final film should be free of texture.
Powdered guide coats can be used if required to ensure sanding
is thoroughly completed.
Mixing and Reduction
Thoroughly stir base component before mixing with converter
Spray/Brush/Roll: Mix by volume three parts of base to one part of
converter e.g. 3:1, R8100 or R1100 : R3100.
Induction Time after Mixing: This product should be used immediately
after mixing. Mix base and converter thoroughly to achieve a smooth,
homogenous mixture.
Reduction: Reduce with 15% of T0006 or T0176. When reduced,
apply at no more than 6 mils (150 microns).
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: Approx. 1.25 hours,
60°F (15°C)/50% RH: approx. 1.5 hours, 95°F (35°)/50% R.H approx.
0.75 hours. Higher temperatures may shorten pot life.
Application Instructions
Spray: Apply two coats of 321 HS Undercoat at a total of 9 mils
(234 microns) ensuring no more than 6 mils (150 microns) per coat
wet film thickness yielding 5 mils (125 microns) DFT.
Brush/Roll: Apply 2 coats at 4 mils (100 microns) WFT yielding 2 mils
(50 microns) DFT. Allow 8 hours between coats at 77°F (25°C).
Light sanding between coats will improve appearance.
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105
COLD–CURE ACCELERATOR M3066
Features & Uses
Cold-Cure Accelerator for 545 Epoxy Primer reduces cure
and recoat times for 545 Epoxy Primer by as much as 50%
Add up to 12.5% of catalyzed volume of 545 Primer, replacing
that amount of standard reducer. Use between 50°F (10˚C)
and 75°F (25˚C).
Specification Data
Type: Accelerator for 545 Epoxy Primer.
Packaging: 1 Pint cans.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H:
Spray: 3–4 hours. Brush Roll: 8–12 hours with maximum recommended
amount of Cold-Cure Accelerator added.
VOC 761 g/lt or 6.3 lbs/gallon
Mixing and Reduction
Cold-Cure Accelerator can be added up to 12.5% of the mixed
545 Epoxy Primer base and converter. Example: maximum
32 oz. (946ml) to a 2 gallon mix of D8001 / D3001
Application Instructions
Mix 1 part by volume 545 Primer base with 1 part D3001 converter.
Thoroughly mix the primer and allow the mixture to induct for 15
minutes. Remix after induction. Add Cold-Cure Accelerator to a
maximum quantity of 12.5% by volume. Total mix by volume is 1:1:1⁄4.
Example: 8 oz. (236ml) 545 Base, 8 oz. (236ml) D3001, 2 oz. (59ml)
M3066.
Reduction for Spray Application: Use T0006 Reducer for
additional reduction. 545 Epoxy Primer is normally reduced 25%
by volume. If the maximum quantity of Cold-Cure Accelerator is
used, 1⁄4 part of T0006 is added to reach 25% reduction. Total mix
by volume is: 1 part 545 Epoxy Primer Base: 1 part D3001:
1
⁄4 part M3066 : 1⁄4 part T0006. Example: 8 oz. 545 Base : 8 oz.
D3001 : 2 oz. M3066 : 2 oz. T0006
Reduction for Brush Application: Additional reduction may
not be needed after the addition of Cold-Cure Accelerator.
If additional reduction is needed, use T0031 Brushing Reducer.
The combined total of the M3066 and T0031 should not exceed
20% of the mixed base and converter. Example: 8 oz. 545 Base :
8 oz. D3001 : 2 oz. M3066 : 1 oz. T0031
WARNING:
Cold-Cure Accelerator may considerably shorten the pot life
of 545 Epoxy Primer.
106
APPLICATION GUIDE
QUIK–GRIP FAST DRY WHITE URETHANE
PRIMER D8016/D3040
Features & Uses
Quik-Grip is a fast drying, urethane primer ideal for spot
repairs and small parts. For use above the waterline only.
Specification Data
Type: Vinyl/Moisture Cured Urethane.
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon (3.785 Liters) containers.
Recommended Film Thickness: 1–3 mils dry (25–75 microns).
Theoretical Coverage: Sq. ft/Gallon: 101 sq. ft (9.4m2) to 311 sq. ft
(29m2) at recommended film thickness. Coverage calculations are based
on theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual coverage rate obtained
will vary according to equipment choice, application techniques, part
size, and application environment.
Recoatability at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: Minimum 1–2 hours with any
Awlgrip urethane or epoxy coating.
Maximum without sanding: 24 hours.
VOC Base (D8016) – 579 g/lt or 4.8lbs/gallon
Converter (D3040) – 607 g/lt or 5.1 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8016
Converter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3040
Reducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0003, T0001
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002, T0003 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional or airless spray. See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
Steel – sandblast. Aluminum – Follow instructions for application of Max
Cor CF. Fiberglass and Wood – sand with 100–150 grit sandpaper.
Mixing and Reduction
Mix one part base D8016 with one part converter D3040 and
reduce 25% to 50% with T0003 or T0001.
Induction Time after Mixing: None.
Anticipated Pot Life: 4 hours at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H,
1 hour at 100˚F (38˚C).
Do not use Pro-Cure Accelerators with this product.
Application Instructions
Spray apply only: Apply 2–3 smooth coats of 3–4 mils
(75–100 microns) wet film thickness per coat, yielding 0.6–0.9 mils
(15–22 microns) dry film thickness per coat.
DO NOT apply more than three coats without allowing the product to
cure hard. After 24 hours, the surface must be lightly sanded before
applying more material.
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107
QUIK–GRIP FAST DRY WHITE URETHANE
PRIMER D8016/D3040
Application Instructions continued...
WARNING:
Temperature Range: Optimal Surface/Ambient Temperature
range is 60°F (18˚C) to 95˚F (35˚C). Proper application and/or cure
results may be more difficult to achieve when conditions are
outside this range. Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less
than 5˚F (3˚C) above dew point. Do not apply paint materials to
surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C). Ambient temperature should
be minimum 55˚F (13˚C) and maximum 105˚F (41˚C). Do not
attempt to cure products at temperatures below 55°F (13°C).
108
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLGRIP TOPCOATS G/H LINE
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
109
AWLGRIP TOPCOATS G/H LINE
continued...
Features & Uses
A two component, polyester based, light-fast, linear aliphatic
polyurethane coating with long lasting gloss and color retention
and outstanding chemical resistance. Do not use below the
waterline. A low maintenance coating. Do not wax, buff,
compound or polish.
Specification Data
Type: Two Component Linear Aliphatic Polyester Polyurethane.
Color: See Color Card and/or your Awlmix distributor.
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers.
Theoretical Coverage:
Spray Application: 530 sq. ft (49m2) at 1 mil (25 microns) dry film
thickness; 210 sq. ft (19.5m2) at recommended dry film thickness.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: Thickness: 6–9 mils (150–225
microns), total of 3 or more coats.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2–3 mils (50–75 microns), total of
3 or more coats. Coverage calculations are calculated for mixed base
and converter, reduced 25% and are based on a theoretical transfer
efficiency of 100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to
equipment choice, application techniques, part size, and application
environment.
Brush/Roller Application: 700–725 sq. ft (65–67m2) at 1 mil
(25 microns) dry; 285 sq. ft (26m2) at recommended dry film thickness.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 4–5 mils (100–125 microns), total
of 2 coats or more.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2–2.5 mils (50–63 microns), total
of 2 coats or more.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 24 hours to tape free;
3 days to light service; 14 days for full cure.
Recoatability: Spray applications consist of 3 or more coats applied
over 1–4 hours. Exact time will vary with temperature project size,
and film thickness applied. Brush/Roller applications require at least
2 coats applied a minimum of 16 hours apart. Awlgrip topcoats which
have been allowed to cure more than 24 hours must be sanded before
recoating.
VOC Base – 470 g/lt or 3.9 lbs/gallon
Spray Converter (G3010) – 591g/lt or 4.9 lbs/gallon
Brush Converter (H3002) – 276 g/lt or 2.3 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Awlgrip Gloss Topcoat Base . . . . . . . . . . .(Number from the Color Card)
High Gloss Clear Base. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3005
Awlcat #2 Spray Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3010
Awlcat #3 Brushing Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .H3002
Standard Reducer Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0003
Fast Evaporating Reducer Spray. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0001
Very Fast Evaporating Reducer Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002
Hot Weather Reducer Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0005
Brush/Roller Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0031
Pro-Cure Accelerator X–98 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73014
Pro-Cure Accelerator X–138 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73015
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73012
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73013
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Extra Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73237
Flattening Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3013
Crater-X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M1017
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . .T0001, T0002, T0003 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional air atomized spray, HVLP spray,
brush or roller. See pages 8–14.
Surface Preparation
For best results Awlgrip colors should be applied over properly prepared
545 Epoxy Primer, 321 HS Undercoat or in brush/roller applications,
Awlquik Primer. Awlgrip colors may also be applied over recently applied
topcoats/showcoats – consult your local Technical Sales Representative
for advice. Awlgrip High Gloss Clear G3005 can be applied over dark
Awlgrip colors which have been sanded with 320–400 grit paper. Do not
apply G3005 over white or pastel colors. Do not apply G3005 directly to
bare wood.
Mixing and Reduction
Spray: Mix by volume one part Awlgrip Topcoat Base
Component with one part Awlcat #2/G3010 Spray Converter to
a smooth, homogenous mixture. Reducer addition level required
to achieve 14 seconds viscosity (DIN4 or equivalent) varies color
to color. For standard conventional spray application this can be
attained by adding up to 25% reducer using the correct spray
reducer(s) appropriate for conditions.
Example: (8 oz. Base, 8 oz. G3010, 4 oz. Reducer.) If a 25%
reduction is used, overall mix is 1:1:1⁄2 by volume. Clear coats
and painting in high temperature conditions may require
additional reduction.
Brush/Roll: Mix by volume two parts Awlgrip Topcoat Base
Component with one part Awlcat #3/H3002 Brushing Converter
until one smooth, homogenous mixture is obtained. Reduce
10–33% with T0031. Overall mix is 2:1:1⁄3–1 by volume.
Example: 8 oz. Base, 4 oz. H3002, 1.3–4 oz. T0031.
Application Instructions
General: The primed surface must be clean and dry. Achieving maximum
gloss and distinction of image requires the primer to be smooth sanded
with 280–400 grit paper before topcoat application.
Using a contrasting mist coat of lacquer primer as a ‘guide coat’ is
recommended. Smooth sanding until all of the ‘guide coat’ is removed
indicates a texture free surface. Typically three coats are recommended
for spray applications. Spray applying certain colors may require 4 or
more coats to obtain full hide (opacity) or color coverage.
Brush/Roller applications require two coats.
110
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLGRIP TOPCOATS G/H LINE
continued...
Spray application: Apply a light, smooth, slightly wet tack coat to the
surface. Allow tack coat to ‘flash off’ 15–45 minutes. Then apply the
second coat as an almost full wet coat. Allow the second coat to ‘flash
off’ 30–45 minutes until only slightly tacky before applying a third coat.
Coats two and three are not ‘full, wet’ coats. The third coat should be
just heavy enough to obtain full hide (opacity) or color coverage.
Brush/Roller application: Apply Awlgrip Topcoat in at least two coats
allowing 16 hours between each coat. Sanding between coats with
320–400 grit paper will provide a smoother finish.
On large surfaces such as hull sides, transoms and house sides, first roll
the Awlgrip Topcoat and then smooth the roller stipple by lightly tipping
the surface with a brush. This can be done with 2 painters working side
by side (i.e. 1 rolling and 1 tipping), or with 1 painter rolling approximately
6 sq. ft and then tipping that area before rolling any further.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5°F (3°C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105°F (41°C). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55°F (13°C) and maximum
105°F (41°C).
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111
AWLGRIP FLAT BLACK TOPCOAT G2002
Features & Uses
A two component, polyester based, light-fast, linear aliphatic
polyurethane coating in a flat finish, with outstanding chemical
resistance and color retention. Not recommended for application
to large expanses of surface as unequal gloss and appearance
may result. Do not wax, buff, compound, or polish. For use
above the waterline only.
Specification Data
Type: Two Component Linear Aliphatic Polyester Polyurethane.
Color: Black.
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers.
Theoretical Coverage:
Spray application: 415 sq. ft (39 m2) at 1 mil (25 microns) dry film
thickness; 180 sq. ft (17 m2) at recommended dry film thickness.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 6–9* mils (150–225 microns),
total of 3 or more coats.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2–3 mils (50-75 microns), total
of 3 or more coats.
* increasing wet film thicknesses on the final coat will increase the final
gloss, conversely a lower film thickness will reduce the gloss.
Coverage calculations are based on a theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F/25°C, 50% R.H: 24 hours to tape free;
3–4 days to light service; 14–21 days for full cure.
Recoatability (at 77°F (25°C), 50% RH): Spray applications consist
of three coats applied over 1–4 hours. Exact time will vary with
temperature, project size, and film thickness applied. Awlgrip topcoats
which have been allowed to cure more than 24 hours must be sanded
before recoating.
VOC Base (G2002) – 557 g/lt or 4.6 lbs/gallon
Converter (G3010) – 591 g/lt or 4.9 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Awlgrip Flat Black Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G2002
Awlcat #2 Spray Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3010
Spray Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002
Pro-Cure Accelerator X-98 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73014
Pro-Cure Accelerator X-138 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73015
Griptex Non-Skid Particles-Fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73012
Griptex Non-Skid Particles-Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73013
Crater-X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M1017
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002 or M.E.K.
112
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLGRIP FLAT BLACK TOPCOAT G2002
continued...
Application Equipment
Conventional air atomized spray or HVLP spray.
See pages 8–12. Not recommended for application by brush
or roller.
Surface Preparation
Awlgrip G2002 Flat Black should be applied over properly prepared
545 Epoxy Primer or 321 HS Undercoat.
Mixing and Reduction
Spray: Mix by volume two parts Awlgrip G2002 Topcoat Base
Component with one part Awlcat #2/G3010 Spray Converter
to a smooth, homogenous mixture. Reduce 25–33% with
T0002 spray reducer. At 33% reduction the overall mix is
2:1:1 by volume.
Example: 8 oz. G2002 Base, 4 oz. G3010, 4 oz. T0002 Reducer.
25% reduction is a standard mix.
Application Instructions
General: The primed surface must be clean and dry. The primer must
be smooth sanded with 220–320 grit paper before topcoat application.
Using a contrasting mist coat of lacquer primer as a ‘guide coat’ is
recommended. Smooth sanding until all of the ‘guide coat’ is removed
indicates a texture free surface. Three coats are recommended for spray
applications.
Spray Application: Apply a light, smooth, slightly wet tack coat to the
surface. Allow tack coat to ‘flash off’ 30–45 minutes. Then apply a full,
wet coat to achieve color coverage (i.e. hide) and film thickness
requirements. If preferred, three coats may be used. Allow the second
coat to ‘flash off’ 30–45 minutes until only slightly tacky before applying
third coat. In three coat applications, coats two and three are not ‘full,
wet’ coats. The second coat is a slightly heavy tack coat with the third
coat just wet enough to obtain full hide (opacity) or color coverage.
WARNING:
Temperature Range: Optimal Surface/Ambient Temperature
range is 60–95°F (18–35°C). Proper application and/or cure
results may be more difficult to achieve when conditions are
outside this range. Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less
than 5°F (3°C) above dew point. Do not apply paint materials to
surfaces warmer than 105°F (41°C). Ambient temperature should
be minimum 50°F (10°C) and maximum 105°F (41°C).
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113
AWLCRAFT 2000 ACRYLIC
URETHANE TOPCOAT F–LINE
Features & Uses
Awlcraft 2000 is a two component, fast drying acrylic urethane
coating with long lasting gloss and color retention. Provides an
easy to apply, buffable finish. Spray application only. For use
above the waterline only. Awlcraft 2000 is also available in a
range of metallic colors (refer to separate datasheet).
Specification Data
Type: Two Component Acrylic Urethane.
Color: See Color Card and/or your Awlmix distributor.
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers.
Theoretical Coverage:
Sq. ft./Gallon; 573 sq. ft (53m2) at 1 mil dry (25 microns); 230 sq. ft
(21m2) at recommended dry film thickness. Calculated for mixed base
and converter, reduced 25%. Coverage calculations are based on
theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will
vary according to equipment choice, application techniques, part size,
and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 6–9 mils (150–225 microns) total
of 3 or more coats.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2–3 mils (50–75 microns) total of
3 or more coats.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 24 hours to tape free;
3 days to light service; 14 days for full cure.
Recoatability: Typical spray applications consist of 3 coats applied over
1–4 hours. Exact time will vary with temperature, project size and film
thickness applied. Awlcraft 2000 topcoats which have been allowed to
cure more than 24 hours must be sanded before recoating.
VOC Base – 472.5 g/lt or 3.9 lbs/gallon
Spray Converter (G3010) – 591g/lt or 4.9 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat Base . . . . . . . . . .(Number from the Color Card)
Awlcraft 2000 Clear Base. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3029
Awlcat #2 Spray Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3010
Standard Reducer Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0003
Fast Evaporating Reducer–Spray. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0001
Very Fast Evaporating Reducer–Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002
Hot Weather Reducer–Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0005
Pro-Cure Accelerator X–98 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73014
Pro-Cure Accelerator X–138 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73015
Crater-X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M1017
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73012
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73013
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Extra Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73237
Flattening Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3013
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0001, T0002, or T0003 or M.E.K.
114
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLCRAFT 2000 ACRYLIC
URETHANE TOPCOAT F–LINE continued...
Application Equipment
Conventional air atomized spray or HVLP spray. See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
Awlcraft 2000 should be applied over properly prepared 545 Epoxy
Primer or 321 HS Undercoat. May be applied directly over some
existing finishes. The existing finish must be sound, tightly adhered to
the substrate, and chemically compatible with Awlcraft 2000.
Mixing and Reduction
Spray: Mix by volume two parts Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat Base
Component with one part Awlcat #2/G3010 Spray Converter to
a smooth, homogenous mixture. Reducer addition level required
to achieve 14 seconds viscosity (DIN4 or equivalent) varies color
to color. For standard conventional spray application this can be
attained by adding up to 25% reducer using the correct spray
reducer(s) appropriate for conditions.
Example: If a 25% reduction is used, overall mix is 2:1:3⁄4 by volume.
(8 oz. Base, 4 oz. G3010, 3 oz. Reducer.) Clear coats and painting in
high temperature conditions may require additional reduction.
Application Instructions
General: The primed surface must be clean and dry. Achieving
maximum gloss and distinction of image requires the primer be smooth
sanded with 320 grit paper before topcoat application. Using a
contrasting mist coat of lacquer primer as a ‘guide coat’ is
recommended. Smooth sanding until all the ‘guide coat’ is removed
indicates a texture free surface. Three coats are recommended for
spray applications.
Spray application: Apply a light, smooth, slightly wet tack coat to the
surface. Allow tack coat to ‘flash off’ 15–45 minutes. Allow the second
coat to ‘flash off’ 30–45 minutes until only slightly tacky before applying
the third coat. Coats two and three are not ‘full, wet’ coats. The second
coat is a slightly heavy tack coat with the third coat just wet enough to
obtain full hide (opacity) or color coverage. More than 3 coats may be
required to achieve full hide (opacity) or color coverage.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5˚F (3˚C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C ). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 55˚F (13˚C) and maximum
105˚F (41˚C).
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115
AWLCRAFT 2000 VOC ACRYLIC
URETHANE TOPCOAT F–LINE (NA only)
Features & Uses
VOC Compliant Awlcraft 2000 is a two component, fast drying
acrylic urethane coating with long lasting gloss and color retention
that is formulated to yield a great finish yet only has a VOC
420g/lt (US only). Provides an easy to apply, buffable finish.
Spray application only. Do not use below the waterline.
Awlcraft 2000 is also available in a range of metallic colors
(refer to separate datasheet).
Specification Data
Type: Two Component Acrylic Urethane.
Color: See Color Card and/or your Awlmix distributor.
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers.
Theoretical Coverage:
Sq. ft./Gallon; 573 sq. ft (53m2) at 1 mil dry (25 microns); 230 sq. ft
(21m2) at recommended dry film thickness. Calculated for mixed base
and converter, reduced 25%. Coverage calculations are based on
theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual coverage rate obtained
will vary according to equipment choice, application techniques,
part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 6–9 mils (150–225 microns)
total of 2 or more coats.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2–3 mils (50–75 microns)
total of 2 or more coats.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 24 hours to tape free;
3 days to light service; 14 days for full cure.
Recoatability: Typical spray applications consist of 2–3 coats applied
over 1–4 hours. Exact time will vary with temperature, project size and
film thickness applied. Awlcraft 2000 topcoats which have been
allowed to cure more than 24 hours must be sanded before recoating.
VOC Base – 472.5 g/lt or 3.9 lbs/gallon
Spray Converter (G3010) – 71.6g/lt or 0.6 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat Base . . . . . . . . . .(Number from the Color Card)
Awlcraft 2000 Clear Base. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3029
Awlcat #4 Spray Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3038
Standard Reducer Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0167
Fast Evaporating Reducer–Spray. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0163
Hot Weather Reducer–Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0168
Pro-Cure Accelerator X–98 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73014
Pro-Cure Accelerator X–138 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73015
Crater-X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M1017
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73012
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73013
Griptex Non-Skid Particles–Extra Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73237
Flattening Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3013
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . ..T0163, T0167, or T0168 or M.E.K.
116
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLCRAFT 2000 VOC ACRYLIC
URETHANE TOPCOAT F–LINE (NA only)
continued...
Application Equipment
Conventional air atomized spray or HVLP spray. See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
Awlcraft 2000 should be applied over properly prepared 545 Epoxy
Primer or 321 HS Undercoat. May be applied directly over some
existing finishes. The existing finish must be sound, tightly adhered to
the substrate, and chemically compatible with Awlcraft 2000.
Mixing and Reduction
Spray only: Mix by volume two parts Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat
Base component with one part Awlcat #4 (G3038) Spray
converter to a smooth, homogenous mixture. Reducer addition
level required to achieve 14 seconds viscosity (DIN4 or equivalent)
varies color to color. For standard conventional spray
application this can be attained by adding up to 25% reducer
using the correct spray reducer(s) appropriate for conditions.
Example: If a 25% reduction is used, overall mix is 2:1:3⁄4 by volume.
(8 oz. Base, 4 oz. G3038, 3 oz. Reducer.) Clear coats and painting in
high temperature conditions may require additional reduction.
Application Instructions
General: The primed surface must be clean and dry. Achieving
maximum gloss and distinction of image requires the primer be
smooth sanded with 320 grit paper before topcoat application.
Using a contrasting mist coat of lacquer primer as a ‘guide coat’ is
recommended. Smooth sanding until all the ‘guide coat’ is removed
indicates a texture free surface. Three coats are recommended for
spray applications.
Spray application: Apply a smooth, wet coat to the surface. Allow coat
to “flash off” 15–45 minutes. Allow the second coat to “flash off” 30–45
minutes until only slightly tacky before applying the third coat. More than
2 coats may be required to achieve full hide (opacity) or color coverage
depending on color.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5° F (3°C)
above dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105°F (41°C).
Ambient temperature should be minimum 55°F (13°C) and
maximum 105°F (41°C).
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AWLCRAFT 2000 METALLICS
Features & Uses
Awlcraft 2000 Metallics are mixed the same way as conventional
Awlcraft 2000 topcoats. Through the use of flow stabilizers,
metallic flake float has been drastically reduced, and color
consistency is improved. These new formulas will allow
applicators to quickly and easily apply metallics for a finish with
outstanding color, brilliance and luster. For use on smaller areas
ONLY (such as stripes or parts). For larger area applications,
we recommend Awlcraft SE.
Awlcraft 2000 metallic flakes are pre-mixed into the pigmented color
base which is applied in the same way as conventional pigmented
Awlcraft 2000 topcoats.
NOTE:
• Metallic topcoats must be applied over the appropriate Awlgrip primer
or Awlcraft 2000 topcoat that has cured 12–24 hours and has been
sanded until all gloss is removed.
• (Optional) Metallics, may be clear coated when applied as a base
coat/clear coat application
• Large area applications such as hull sides will require additional
application techniques. Use of an agitated pressure pot is essential
for these large areas. Contact your Awlgrip Technical Sales
Representative for additional information.
Specification Data
Type: Two Component Acrylic Urethane Metallic.
Color: See color card and/or your Awlmix distributor.
Packaging: Color base available in Gallons and Quarts at your local
Awlmix distributors.
Theoretical Coverage: Sq. ft./Gallon 512 sq. ft (48m2) at 1 mil dry
(25 microns)171–256 sq. ft (16–24m2) at recommended dry film thickness.
Calculated for mixed base and converter, reduced 25–35%. Coverage
calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual
coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment choice,
application techniques, part size and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 6–9 mils (150–225 microns) total
of 3 or more coats.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2–3 mils (50–75 microns) total
of 3 or more coats.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 24 Hours to tape free;
3 days to light service; 14 days for full cure.
Recoatability: Spray applications consist of 3 coats applied over 2–4
hours. Exact time will vary with temperature, project size, and film
thickness applied. Awlcraft 2000 clear coat can be applied after 12
hours at 77°F (25°C) but before 24 hours of cure. The last coat of
metallic should be dry to touch to prevent mottling of the metallic.
If sanding is desired, apply 2 coats of Awlcraft 2000 Clear (F3029)
and allow curing over night before sanding. Awlcraft 2000 Metallics
which have been allowed to cure more than 24 hours must be sanded
and recoated with Awlcraft 2000 Metallic before recoating with F3029
clear coat.
118
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLCRAFT 2000 METALLICS continued...
VOC Base (e.g. F4161) – 472.5 g/lt or 3.9 lbs/gallon
Converter (G3010) – 591 g/lt or 4.9 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives and Auxiliary Components
Awlcraft 2000 Metallic Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F–Code
Awlcraft 2000 Gloss Clear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3029
Awlcat #2 Spray Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3010
Fast Evaporating Reducer–Spray. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0001
Very Fast Evaporating Reducer–Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0002
Standard Evaporating Reducer–Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0003
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . .T0001, T0002, T0003 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional air atomized spray or HVLP spray. Metallic
urethanes are spray only. HVLP may not provide enough
atomization to get uniform distribution of the pearl or metallic
particle. Additional reduction may be needed with HVLP
equipment. Standard conventional, air atomized spray gun is
preferred. See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
Awlcraft 2000 metallics should be applied over the appropriate Awlgrip
primer or Awlcraft 2000 topcoat. The primed surface must be clean and
dry. Wipe with a surface cleaner such as T0170 (NA) /T0340(EU) or
T0008, using the two cloth wipe down method. Achieving maximum
gloss and distinction of image requires the primer be smooth sanded
with 320 grit paper before topcoat application. When applying metallics
over Awlcraft 2000 topcoats, sand the surface with 400-500 grit paper.
After sanding, blow off sanding dust and tack off using Deluxe Tack
Rags (#73009).
Mixing and Reduction
Spray only: Mix by volume two parts Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat
Base component with one part Awlcat #2 (G3010) Spray
converter to a smooth, homogenous mixture. Reduce 12.5–25%
with T0001 or T0002 reducer ONLY. Overall mix is 2:1:3⁄8–3⁄4
by volume.
Example: 8 oz. Base, 4 oz. G3010, and 1.5-3.0 oz. Reducer. Clear
coats require additional reduction and may require the use of T0003
in certain conditions.
Awlcraft 2000 metallics are designed for spray application only and
have a significantly shorter pot life than pigmented topcoats. Do not
add accelerators to metallic topcoats.
Application Instructions
Spray Application ONLY: Apply by spray in light, slightly wet coats until
hide is achieved, most Awlcraft 2000 metallic topcoats achieve hide in
3 or more coats. Allow 30–40 minutes tack time between coats. This
spray method allows uniform development of the metallic color without
flooding or floating the metallic particles.
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119
AWLCRAFT 2000 METALLICS continued...
After achieving the specified color, allow the coating to cure a minimum
of 12 hours at 77°F (25°C) but not more than 24 hours before clear
applications.
Within this period, seal the Awlcraft 2000 metallic with Awlcraft 2000
Gloss Clear (F3029/G3010). Mix by volume two parts F3029 Awlcraft
2000 Clear with one part Awlcat #2 (G3010) Spray Converter to a
smooth, homogenous mixture. Reduce 25–33% with T0001 or T0002
Reducer. Overall mix is 2:1:1 by volume for example: 8 oz. Base,
4 oz. G3010, 4 oz. Reducer.
Avoid the use of T0005 Reducer.
WARNING:
Temperature Range: Optimal Surface/Ambient Temperature
range is 70–90°F (23–32°C). Proper application results may be
more difficult to achieve when conditions are outside this range.
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5°F (3°C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer than 105°F (41°C). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 50°F (10°C) and maximum
105°F (41°C).
Do not use accelerators in Metallic Coatings.
120
APPLICATION GUIDE
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121
AWLCRAFT SE
AWLCRAFT SE
TWO COMPONENT SOLIDS AND EFFECTS
BASECOAT E LINE
TWO COMPONENT SOLIDS AND EFFECTS
BASECOAT E LINE continued...
Features & Uses
Awlcraft SE is a revolutionary new topcoat encompassing solids,
metallics, pearls and effect finishes and is fast drying with
excellent opacity.
Awlcraft SE is designed to work as one layer of a multi-part system.
The Awlcraft SE imparts the color and effect and is then topcoated
with a clear high gloss finish topcoat to give gloss and protection.
This combination forms a high performance, high gloss robust
topcoat system.
Awlcraft SE provides coverage, effect finish (solid, metallic, pearl or
effect) and is applied to the primer or previous Awlgrip/Awlcraft topcoat
finish. Its fast drying formulation allows multiple coats to be applied within
a day reducing working time overall.
Note: Metallic topcoats must be applied over the appropriate Awlgrip
primer or Awlgrip/Awlcraft 2000 topcoat that has cured 12–24 hours
and has been sanded until all gloss is removed.
Specification Data
Type: Two Component Basecoat Finish
Color: See color card and/or your Awlgrip Technical Sales
Representative.
Packaging: Available in 1 Gallon and 1 Quart containers.
Theoretical Coverage: 802 sq. ft. / Gallon (19.8m2 /lt) at one mil dry
(25 microns); 401–802 sq. ft (10.0–19.8m2) at recommended dry film
thickness: Calculated for mixed base, reducer and converter.
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 2–4 mils (50–100 microns) total
of 2 or more coats.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 1–2 mils (25–50 microns) total
of 2 or more coats.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 1 hours to tape free;
1 day to light service; 7 days for full cure.
Recoatability (at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% RH): Spray applications consist of
2 coats applied with 10–20 minutes ambient flash off time. Exact time
will vary with temperature, project size, and film thickness applied.
Awlcraft 2000 clear coat can be applied after 1 hour at 77°F (25°C) but
before 24 hours of cure. The last coat of metallic should be completely
matt before clearcoating. If sanding is desired, apply 2 coats of Awlcraft
2000 Clear (F3029) and allow curing over night before sanding. Awlcraft
SE which has been allowed to cure more than 24 hours must be sanded
and recoated with Awlcraft SE before recoating with F3029 clear coat.
VOC Base (e.g. E4161): 700 g/lt or 5.8 lbs/gallon
Converter (G3010): 591 g/lt or 4.9 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Awlcraft SE Basecoat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-Code
Awlcat #2 Spray Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3010
Fast Evaporating Reducer-Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0001
Standard Evaporating Reducer-Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0003
Hot Weather Reducer-Spray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0005
Awlcraft 2000 Gloss Clear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .F3029
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0001, T0002, T0003 or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional air atomized spray or HVLP spray.
Awlcraft SE is spray only.
SPRAY EQUIPMENT:
Crosscoat Application
Gun Type: Conventional/Compliant
Tip Size: Gravity feed 0.047-0.055” (1.2–1.4mm)
Pressure pot 0.031-0.043” (0.8–1.1mm)
Fluid Flow Rate: 225–250cc/min.
Atomising Air Pressure: Compliant/Conventional as per manufacturer
Gun to Substrate Distance: 9–12” (23-31cm)
Dropcoat / Mistcoat Application (Metallics, Pearls and Effects only)
Gun Type: Conventional/Compliant
Tip Size: Gravity feed 0.047–0.055” (1.2–1.4mm)
Pressure pot 0.031–0.043” (0.8–1.1mm)
Fluid Flow Rate: 225–250cc/min.
Atomizing Air Pressure: Compliant/Conventional as per manufacturer
Gun to Substrate Distance: 23–31” (60–80cm)
Surface Preparation
Awlcraft SE basecoats should be applied over the appropriate Awlgrip
primer or previous Awlgrip / Awlcraft topcoat. The primed surface must
be clean and dry. Wipe with surface cleaner T0170 using the two cloth
wipe down method. Achieving maximum gloss and distinction of image
requires the primer be smooth sanded with P400 grit paper before
application.
Mixing and Reduction (Awlcraft SE is spray only)
Mixing Ratios By Volume:
Awlcraft SE Base: 100 parts
Reducer (T0001, T0003 or T0005): 50 parts
Awlcat #2 (G3010): 15 parts
Example: 10.6 oz. (300ml) base : 5.3 oz. (150ml) reducer : 1.6 oz. (45ml)
Awlcat #2)
Application Viscosity: 14–15 secs (Din 4)
Mix to a smooth, homogenous mixture. Awlcraft SE basecoats are
designed for spray application only and have a significantly shorter pot
life than regular topcoats. Do not add accelerators to Awlcraft SE.
Induction Time: N/A
122
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLCRAFT SE
TWO COMPONENT SOLIDS AND EFFECTS
BASECOAT E LINE continued...
Application Instructions
Apply first crosscoat using a smooth, even and fluid spray application
technique in order to achieve a uniform, consistent finish. Apply no more
than 10–14” (25–35cm) width areas at a time. Constant air pressure is
necessary during application to ensure evenness of finish. Allow to flash
off until surface is matt (~10mins at 77°F/25°C).
Apply second crosscoat in the same way as the first. For metallics,
pearls and effect finishes, an optional dropcoat (mistcoat) can be applied
prior to clear coating. This can be applied whilst previous crosscoat is
wet or once surface is matt.
Once the surface has gone completely matt apply 2 full coats of
Awlcraft 2000 Clear. After applying the specified basecoat color, allow
the coating to cure a minimum of 1 hour at 77°F (25 °C) but not more
than 24 hours before clear applications. Seal the Awlcraft SE basecoat
with Awlcraft 2000 Gloss Clear (F3029/G3010). Mix by volume two
parts F3029 Awlcraft 2000 Clear with one part Awlcat #2 (G3010)
Spray Converter to a smooth, homogenous mixture. Reduce 25-33%
with T0001, T0003 or T0005 Reducer. Overall mix is 2:1:1 by volume
for example: 8 oz. Base, 4 oz. G3010, 4 oz. Reducer.
WARNING:
Awlcraft SE must be clear coated.
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123
AWLBRITE CLEAR ACRYLIC URETHANE
J3005/J3006
Features & Uses
Awlbrite Clear is a high build, three component, acrylic urethane
clear wood finish which offers a durable finish for prepared wood.
For above waterline use only.
Specification Data
Type: Three Component Acrylic Urethane.
Color: Clear.
Packaging: Pints, Quarts, Half Gallons and Gallons.
Theoretical Coverage: Sq. ft/Gallon; 930 sq. ft (86m2) at 1 mil dry
(25 microns); 93 sq. ft (8.6m2) at recommended dry film thickness of 10
coats. Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency
of 100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 2.0–2.5 mils (50–62 microns)
per coat.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 1.0–1.2 mils (25–30 microns)
per coat.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77˚F, 50% R.H: 3 hours to recoat;
12 hours to light service; 7 days for full cure.
Recoatability: With itself: 3 hours minimum, 36 hours maximum
without sanding or scuffing.
VOC Base (J3005) – 372 g/lt or 3.1 lbs/gallon
WARNING:
Temperature Range: Optimal Surface/Ambient Temperature
range is 70–90°F (23–32°C). Proper application results may be
more difficult to achieve when conditions are outside this range.
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5°F (3°C) above
dew point, or to surfaces warmer th an 105°F (41°C). Ambient
temperature should be minimum 50°F (10°C) and maximum
105°F (41°C).
Do not use accelerators in Awlcraft SE.
Converter (J3006) – 146 g/lt or 1.2 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3005
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3006
Brushing Activator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A0031
Spray Activator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A0001 or A0006
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0001, T0002, T0003 or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Brush, roller and spray application. See pages 8–14.
Surface Preparation
Apply over cured Awlspar or Awlbrite Quik-Fil. Do not apply Awlbrite
direct to bare wood.
NOTE: Due to the wide variety of substrates, surface preparations,
application methods and environments, customers should test the
complete system for adhesion and compatibility under their
conditions prior to full scale application.
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APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLBRITE CLEAR ACRYLIC URETHANE
J3005/J3006 continued...
WARNING:
Wood should have no more than 15% moisture content. Old
finishes in good condition should be washed with Awlprep
Surface Cleaner, then sanded with 220–320 grit paper to remove
the gloss. Old finishes in poor condition should be removed. Test
on a small area to make sure Awlbrite Clear doesn’t attack the
old finish. If old finish is attacked, it must be completely removed.
Mixing and Reduction
Awlbrite Clear is a three component product.
Brush: Mix by volume 2 parts J3005 with 1 part J3006 until one smooth,
homogenous mixture is obtained. Then add 1⁄2 part A0031. Overall mix is
2:1:1⁄2 by volume.
Example: 4 oz. J3005, 2 oz. J3006, 1 oz. A0031. Additional A0031 can
be added if desired, but standard 2:1:1⁄2 ratio is required.
Spray: Mix by volume 2 parts J3005 with 1 part J3006 until one smooth,
homogenous mix is obtained. Then add 3⁄4–1 part A0001 (standard) or
A0006 (cool temperatures) Activator.
WARNING:
Keep the original containers closed when not in use.
Do not shake Awlbrite Clear.
Induction time after mixing: None.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H: 1–2 Hours.
Application Instructions
General: The key to performance of any varnish system is applying
enough material. This is especially true with Awlbrite Clear Urethane.
These directions call for more coats than are needed to achieve basic
cosmetic qualities. If you stop the system when it looks good, or sand
excessively, you will not achieve the desired performance.
General: Apply light, smooth coats. Apply 2 coats in an 8 hour period.
Allow to cure 8–12 hours or overnight and repeat. Ten coats are
recommended.
Sand as little as possible. Sanding is only required when:
• Runs, sags or brush marks need to be leveled
• Dirt or grit needs to be removed from the surface
• If it has been more than 36 hours since the last application
If no levelling is required, but it has been more than 36 hours since the
last application, dulling the surface with Scotch-Brite® Pads is
recommended; see the application guide for systems.
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125
AWLBRITE SEMI GLOSS J3630
(NA ONLY)
INTERIORS
Features & Use
Awlbrite Semi Gloss provides a low sheen, 30° gloss, finish for
interior surfaces where a durable fast drying finish is required.
The Awlbrite product line provides a far more durable finish than varnish,
is faster curing and as easy to apply.
For interior use only.
Specification Data
Type: Three Component Acrylic Urethane.
Color: Clear Semi Gloss.
Packaging: Gallons and Quarts.
Theoretical Coverage: Sq. ft / Gallon; 930 sq. ft (86m²) at 1 mil dry
(25 microns); 93 sq.ft (8.6m²) at recommended dry film thickness of
10 coats. 93 sq. ft at recommended dry film thickness of 10 coats.
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 2.0–2.5 mils (50–62 microns)
per coat.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 1.0–1.2 mils (25–30 microns)
per coat.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77˚F (25˚C)/50% R.H: 3 hours to recoat;
12 hours to light service; 7 days for full cure.
Recoatability: 3 hours minimum, 24 hours maximum without sanding or
scuffing.
VOC Semi Gloss (J3630) – 352 g/lt or 2.9 lbs/gallon
Converter (J3006) – 146 g/lt or 1.2 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Base – Semi Gloss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3630
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3006
Spray Activator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A0001, A0003 or A0006
Brush Activator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A0031
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . .T0001, T0002, T0003 Reducers or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional air atomized spray or HVLP spray only.
See pages 8–12.
Surface Preparation
The wood should be clean, dry, smooth and well seasoned, with less
than 15% moisture content.
Ideally Awlbrite Semi-Gloss is applied as a finish coat.
Apply Awlbrite Semi-Gloss to wood that has been sealed with Awlbrite
Quik-Fil, Awlbrite Clear or Awlspar.
WARNING:
Avoid applying or curing the material in direct sunlight. Do not
apply or attempt to cure Awlbrite Clear below 65˚F (18˚C) or
over 95°F (35°C).
NOTE: Due to the wide variety of substrates, surface preparation
methods, application methods and environments, customers should
test the complete system for adhesion and compatibility under their
conditions prior to full scale application.
126
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLBRITE SEMI GLOSS J3630
(NA ONLY) continued...
Mixing and Reduction
Awlbrite Semi-Gloss is a three component product. Mix by
volume 2 parts J3630 with 1 part J3006 until one smooth,
homogenous mixture is obtained. Then add 1⁄2 part Activator
(A0001 or A0006). Overall mix is 2:1:1⁄2 by volume.
Example: 4 oz. J3630, 2 oz. J3006, 1 oz. A0001. Additional A0001
can be added if desired, but standard 2:1:1⁄2 ratio is required. Mix and
use small quantities of Awlbrite products at a time. Keep the original
containers closed when not in use.
Induction time after mixing: None.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77°F (25°C), 50% R.H: 1–2 Hours.
Awlbrite Semi-Gloss is designed for spray application only due to the
possibility of uneven gloss when applying semi-gloss products. Adding
Pro-Cure accelerators will continue to shorten the pot life.
Application Instructions
Apply Awlbrite Semi-Gloss by spray in light, slightly wet coats until
desired finish is achieved. Allow 3 hours tack time between coats.
This spray method allows uniform development of the material
without flooding or floating.
Sand as little as possible. Sanding is only required when:
• Runs, sags or brush marks need to be levelled
• Dirt or grit needs to be removed from the surface
• If it has been more than 24 hours since the last application
If no levelling is required, but it has been more than 24 hours since
the last application, dulling the surface with Scotch-Brite® Pads is
recommended. If possible, avoid applying or curing the material in
direct sunlight.
WARNING:
Do not exceed the recommended wet film thickness.
Temperature Range: Optimal Surface/Ambient Temperature
range is 60–95°F (18–35°C). Proper application and/or cure
results may be more difficult to achieve when conditions are
outside this range. Do not apply paint materials to surfaces
less than 5˚F (3˚C) above dew point, or to surfaces warmer
than 105˚F (41˚C). Ambient temperature should be minimum
50˚F (10˚C) and maximum 105˚F (41˚C). Do not attempt to
cure products below 50°F (10°C).
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127
AWLSPAR CLASSIC SPAR VARNISH
M3131
Features & Uses
Awlspar Classic Spar Varnish is a phenolic tung oil varnish used
for brightwork protection against water and weather.
For use above the waterline only.
Specification Data
Type: Phenolic Varnish.
Color: Amber.
Packaging: Available in Quarts.
Theoretical Coverage: Sq. ft / Gallon; 700 sq. ft (65m2) at 1 mil dry
(25 microns); 70–100 sq. ft (6.5–9.0 m2) at recommended total dry film
thickness of 7–10 mils (175–250 microns). Coverage calculations are
based on theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual coverage rate
obtained will vary according to equipment choice, application techniques,
part size and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 2–3 mils (50–75 microns) per coat.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 1–11⁄2 mils (25–37.5 microns)
per coat.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F/50% R.H: 24 hours to handle.
Recommended Coats: 7–10.
Recoatability: With itself: 3–4 hours, 36 hours maximum without sanding
or scuffing. With Awlbrite Clear or Awlbrite Quik-Fil: 3 days minimum
VOC
404 g/lt or 3.4 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Awlspar Base – Amber/Clear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M3131
Awlspar Brush Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0016
Awlspar Spray Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0180
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0016 or Odorless Mineral Spirits
Application Equipment
Brush, roller and spray application. See pages 8–14.
Surface Preparation
The wood should be clean, dry, smooth and well seasoned.
WARNING:
Wood should have no more than 15% moisture content.
New Wood: Use of a marine teak cleaner or wood bleach is advised
on new wood to remove excess oils, promote color uniformity and
adhesion. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for use and thoroughly
remove all cleaner and neutralizer residue before proceeding. Rough
sawn lumber must receive heavy sanding to level the grain. Work through
the grits to effectively level the grain 60/80–100/150–220 and so on.
When the grain is level, smooth sand the surface with 320 grit paper.
128
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLSPAR CLASSIC SPAR VARNISH
M3131 continued...
Old finishes in good condition: should be washed with Awlprep 400
Wipe Down Solvent, then sanded with 220–320 grit paper to remove
the gloss. Old finishes in poor condition should be removed. Test on a
small area to make sure Awlspar doesn’t attack the old finish. If old
finish is attacked, it must be completely removed.
Mixing and Reduction
New Wood Reduction: When finishing new wood reduce 100%
(1 part M3131 to 1 part T0016 by volume) with T0016 for first
coat only. This will allow the Awlspar to penetrate and seal the
grain. Otherwise thinning or reduction is not normally required.
If desired, reduce up to 20% with T0016.
Stir only do not shake!
Induction time after mixing: N/A.
Anticipated Pot Life at 77°F (25˚C), 50% RH: N/A.
Application Instructions
Awlspar can be used to seal wood and build up a complete finishing
system. Alternatively, Awlbrite Quik-Fil Clear J3901/J3902 is a clear,
fast drying wood grain filler that can be used to seal the wood prior to
finishing with Awlspar (4–6 coats).
After new wood has been sealed, or on previously coated surfaces,
apply light, smooth, even coats (2–3 mils / 50–75 microns wet) of full
bodied material.
At temperatures above 77°F (25˚C), 2–3 coats can be applied per day.
If sanding is required, allow to cure 24 hours before sanding. Best results
are achieved when surface is sanded smooth with 320–400 grit paper
after every 2–3 coats. A good system would include 7–10 coats. Exact
number of coats needed will vary by applied film thickness and the
amount of sanding. Awlspar will cure at temperatures as low as 45°F
(7˚C); however, best results are achieved when temperatures are
between 60°F (15˚C) and 90°F (32˚C).
WARNING:
Avoid applying or curing the material in direct sunlight. Do not
apply paint materials to surfaces warmer than 105°F (41°C) or
colder than 45°F (7°C). Do not attempt to cure products at
temperatures below 45°F (7°C).
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129
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM
J3809/J9809/J7809
Features & Uses
Awlwood MA is an exterior clear system made up of a Primer
and Clear Gloss Finish. The synergistic effect of combining the
Primer and Clear together results in an outstanding performing
system that adheres and bonds directly to the wood cellular
structure giving extended performance and retaining the same
gloss, DOI and natural appearance as first application.
Awlwood MA Primer incorporates Flex-Link™ technology, which works
by adhering and embedding into the wood to provide a strong yet flexible
link with the wood structure and the coating whilst allowing the natural
coating and grain to shine through. This gives superior flexibility and
unrivalled resistance to delamination at damage points.
For exterior, above waterline use only.
Specification Data
Type: Low VOC Acrylic Urethane
Color: Clear (J3809), Yellow (J9809), Red (J7809)
Packaging: Available in Quarts.
Theoretical Coverage: 10m²/lt or 407.4 ft²/gl
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: ~4.0 mils (100 microns) per coat
by brush and by roller application.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 2.0 mils (50 microns) per coat
by brush and by roller application.
NOTE: The quantity of primer required varies depending on timber
density/absorbency and the application method. Hard timbers (e.g. Teak)
absorb less primer than soft timbers (e.g. Oregon). Brushing the primer
on before removing excess material with a rag will use more primer than
applying as per a rubbing stain but can give a more desirable result.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F/50% R.H: 8 hours touch dry;
12 hours hard dry
Recommended Coats: 1 coat (1 application). It is recommended to
continue primer application until timber saturation is achieved. Once
saturated, do not apply any more materials.
Recoatability: 12 hours minimum and 18 hours maximum using
Awlwood MA Clear Gloss
Sanding at 77°F/25°C: All Awlwood MA Primers are sandable after 12
hours. Use P400 grit sandpaper for colored Primers and P280-320 grit
for clear.
VOC J3809/J7809/J9809 Primers:
500g/lt or 4.17lb/gl
130
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM
J3809/J9809/J7809 continued...
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Awlwood Clear Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3909
Awlwood Yellow Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J9809
Awlwood Red Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J7809
Awlwood Brush Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0200
Application Equipment
Brush and roller application. See pages 8–14.
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131
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM
J3809/J9809/J7809 continued...
NOTE: This method may result in filled areas appearing slightly
darker than surrounding wood due to the absorbencies of epoxy
compared to wood. Use of a colored primer will help to minimize
color differences. Always test on a small non-visible area first.
Mixing and Reduction
Awlwood MA Primers should NOT be reduced.
Application Instructions
NOTE: Preparation techniques and results will vary according to
individual conditions, equipment age and other factors. Testing on a
non-critical area should be carried out prior to full-scale preparation.
WARNING:
NEVER USE TEAK CLEANERS – oxalic acid residues
impede proper curing of both primers and topcoats.
Surface Preparation
Any cracks in the timber should be epoxy filled or splined with timber
prior to sanding. All previous coating systems must be removed. The
surface of the timber should be mechanically removed until coloration
is even and the original timber tone is exposed.
Sanding
• Timber must be sanded using no finer than P120 grit
• If timber is weathered, scrub with the grain using a stiff bristled wire
brush and running water to remove all grey timber prior to sanding
• Bare timber that has been saturated by salt water at any stage must
be scrubbed well with fresh water to remove salt deposits before
commencing sanding.
• If timber gets wet after the final sand, water spots may appear.
Re-sand these areas with P120 grit paper before priming.
Applying to Resinous Timber
Any cracks in the timber should be epoxy filled or splined with timber
prior to sanding. All previous coating systems must be removed. The
surface of the timber should be mechanically removed until coloration
is even and the original timber tone is exposed.
Filling Defects/Fixing Holes
Where possible, and especially for screw holes, wooden plugs of the
same wood are the best solution for filling. Plugs should be fixed in place
using an epoxy resin based glue, with care being taken to line the grain
up. Any excess glue should be removed by sanding before priming.
If this method is not feasible then use an epoxy resin mixed with
dust/shavings (preferably from the same wood that is being coated).
Once cured, these filled areas should be sanded and excess glue
removed before application of the primer.
General: Awlwood MA Primers should be applied in conditions
between 4°C–30°C, with relative humidity of 30%–95%. Awlwood MA
Primers cure by the mechanism of moisture in the air (humidity),
therefore very low moisture content in the air will lead to longer cure
times. Do not use this product in an air-conditioned environment. If
Awlwood MA Primers is to be applied in an environment where it is
suspected that low humidity will inhibit the cure of the primer, apply
to a test area first.
General: Decant sufficient product for 30 minutes use into a roller tray
or working pot. Seal the original container immediately to prevent
moisture exposure.
Do not tip unused primer back into the can.
Awlwood MA Primer Clear
Apply by brush or roller until timber is saturated. Do not attempt to
build a film. On very deep grained timbers, do not flood-coat the grain.
This will need to be filled using successive coats of Awlwood MA
Clear Gloss.
Awlwood MA Red & Yellow
There are two application methods that can be used for applying
Awlwood MA colored Primers:
1. Apply with a rag or staining cloth as if rubbing a stain, ensuring the
primer is applied until timber is saturated. Do not attempt to build
a film. This method helps create less mess if brush splatter
(on decks etc.) is an issue.
2. Apply using a brush or roller. Working in sections of approximately
1m wide, apply the primer until timber is saturated and remove excess
material as you go. This helps prevent excess primer becoming
non-removable. Do not attempt to build a film.
Wiping off excess primer right down to the timber surface is key to
achieving a natural appearance. If excess primer becomes tacky, apply
fresh primer up to 15 minutes after application to re-dissolve. This will
make the primer workable for ~5 minutes, depending upon application
conditions. Wet edges must not dry for longer than 3 minutes before
applying and overlapping the next section of primer.
132
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM
J3809/J9809/J7809 continued...
TIPS:
1. Primer Bleed:
Hardwoods with a deep capillary structure may “bleed” Primer as
it cures leaving a spotted or bubbled effect. The clear primer can
be tipped with a brush if wet, however the colored primers should
be wiped with a rag prior to the primer curing. If necessary, the
rag can be moistened with Awlwood MA Brushing or Spray
Reducer. If using the colored primer in direct sunlight, this effect
may be more pronounced. If possible try to apply indoors, in
overcast conditions or early in the day.
2. Even Coloration:
On extremely absorbent timbers (such as Spruce), using colored
primers can give a mottled appearance. In this situation, using
Awlwood Clear Primer and adding no more than 10% colored
primer to the Awlwood MA Clear Gloss topcoat will give a more
even coloration.
3. Mixing Colored Primers:
Awlwood MA Primers are all intermixable. On soft absorbent
timbers (such as Cedar), the colored primer tint strengths can
give an overly dark appearance. Here the colored primers are
generally mixed 50/50 by volume with the clear primer to
reduce the tint strength.
4. Darker Timber Tone:
Apply multiple coats of Awlwood MA Gloss with no more than
10% colored primer added.
5. Topcoating at a later time:
Apply one or two coats of Awlwood MA Clear Gloss over
primed timber if the job sequence is to be broken. Sand well
before continuing. For chemical adhesion the ideal time to apply
the first coat of Awlwood MA Clear Gloss over the primer
is 24 hours.
WARNING:
Awlwood MA Primers are not suitable for use in temperatures
less than 4°C or in very low humidity atmospheres. DO NOT add
Awlwood MA Brush Cleaner, universal or alcohol-based
thinners or reducers to Awlwood MA Primers.
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133
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM CLEAR
GLOSS J3890
Features & Uses
Awlwood MA is an exterior clear system made up of a Primer
and Clear Finish Gloss. The synergistic effect of combining the
Primer and Clear together results in an outstanding performing
system that adheres and bonds directly to the wood cellular
structure giving extended performance and retaining the same
gloss, DOI and natural appearance as first application.
Awlwood MA Clear Gloss features an inherently non-yellowing polymer
further stabilized with high performance UV absorbers. When combined
with Awlwood MA Primers, it gives outstanding performance extending
re-coat cycle times. The elastomeric nature of the cured film results in
excellent toughness and abrasion resistance giving amazing in-service
performance.
For exterior, above waterline use only.
Specification Data
Type: Low VOC Acrylic Urethane
Color: Clear (J3890)
Packaging: Gallons and Quarts.
Theoretical Coverage: 12m²/lt or 490ft²/gl at 1.5mils (36 microns)
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 3.0 mils (80 microns) per coat
by brush, roller or spray application.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 1.5 mils (36 microns) per coat
by brush, roller or spray application.
NOTE: When applying Awlwood MA Clear Gloss, a specific volume
is applied, rather than applying by wet film thickness.
Anticipated Cure Time at 77°F/50% R.H: 2 hours touch dry;
24 hours hard dry
Recommended Coats: 8
Recoatability: 2 hours minimum and 24 hours maximum (without
sanding and if not exposed to direct sunlight) using Awlwood MA
Clear Gloss.
Sanding at 77°F/25°C: 4 hours. Use P220-280 grit sandpaper for build
coats and up to P600 grit for the final coat.
VOC
487g/lt or 4.06lb/gl
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Awlwood Clear Gloss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3890
Awlwood Clear Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3909
Awlwood Yellow Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J9809
Awlwood Red Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J7809
Awlwood Brushing Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0201
Awlwood Spray Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0202
Awlwood Brush Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0200
134
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM CLEAR
GLOSS J3890 continued...
Application Equipment
Brush, roller and spray application. See pages 8–14.
Equipment Type
Air Atomized Spray
Gravity Feed
Conventional
Fluid Tip
1.4*–2.0**
* Recommended to thin up to 10% if using a smaller fluid tip
** Recommended NO thinning if using a larger fluid tip.
NOTE: Heavier coats are recommended when spraying as product
will flow out and “pull” flat upon curing.
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135
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM CLEAR
GLOSS J3890 continued...
Mixing and Reduction
Brush: Not normally required when brushing. If necessary,
up to 10% by volume with T0201 Brushing Reducer.
Spray: Up to 10% volume with T0202 Spray Reducer
Application Instructions
General: Ideally aim to apply the first coat of Awlwood MA Clear Gloss
within 24 hours of primer application to attain an optimum chemical
bond. Awlwood MA Clear Gloss should be applied in conditions
between 4°C–30°C, with relative humidity of 30%–95%. Awlwood MA
Clear Gloss cures by the mechanism of moisture in the air (humidity),
therefore very low moisture content in the air will lead to longer cure
times. Do not use this product in an air-conditioned environment.
General: Decant sufficient product for 30 minutes use into a roller tray or
working pot. Seal the original container immediately to prevent moisture
exposure. A deep working pot is best to minimize moisture exposure
and maximize pot life.
Do not tip unused gloss back into the can.
Surface Preparation
NOTE: Preparation techniques and results will vary according to
individual conditions, equipment age and other factors. Testing on a
non-critical area should be carried out prior to full-scale preparation.
Primer should be sufficiently cured that it sands easily. If a greasy timber
has been primed or a contaminated substrate is suspected, solvent wipe
with Acetone on a rag before applying the topcoat. Contaminants from
the substrate that float to the surface of the primer can compromise
intercoat adhesion.
Applying over Awlwood MA Clear Primer (J3809):
Lightly hand or machine sand using P280-320 grit paper, taking care
to avoid sanding through the primer. If this does occur, spot prime the
area and sand carefully when primer has cured. Ensure glossy areas
are well sanded.
Applying over Awlwood MA Red or Yellow Primer (J7809 or J9809):
Hand sand lightly with the timber grain using P400 grit paper or
ScotchPad#7447. Take care to avoid sanding through the primer (this
causes uneven coloration).
Applying over Epoxy Primer or Fiberglass/Carbon Fiber:
Machine or hand sand to remove defects. Ensure that no Epoxy blush
is present. Test in a small non-visible area if unsure.
Topcoating at a later time:
Apply one or two coats of Awlwood MA Clear Gloss over primed timber
if the job sequence is to be broken. Sand well before continuing. For
chemical adhesion the ideal time to apply the first coat of Awlwood MA
Clear Gloss over the primer is 24 hours.
NOTE: If the Awlwood MA Clear Primer feels sticky to the touch or
cannot be sanded in temperatures less than 4°C or in very low
humidity atmospheres, allow more time for curing before proceeding.
Brushing/Rolling
Aim to apply approximately 12m²/lt (490ft²/gl) on horizontal surfaces
and 14m²/lt on verticals. Awlwood MA Clear Gloss can be applied
at a greater rate than standard varnish. Aim to minimize wet edge times
and do not overwork the surface. The product will defoam and level
well but tacks up relatively quickly.
To obtain full grain fill, especially on Hardwoods with a deep grain
structure, and to maximize finish, follow the below recommendations:
Apply the first two coats of Awlwood MA Gloss at one day intervals,
preferably by brush or roller at 12–14m²/lt to ensure full grain penetration
and fill. Sand each coat with P220–P280 grit paper to flatten the grain
texture without sanding through to the primer. This will fill the grain
more effectively, reduces solvent entrapment in the pits of the grain
and minimizes air bubbles forming in the topcoat before the grain is
fully sealed. If any bubbles do occur from wet product displacing air
in the timber grain, gently tipping these with a dry brush before the
product cures is easier than sanding later and will, in many cases,
seal the pinhole.
Apply the remaining coats as per the Multicoating section below.
For the final coat, refer to the Final Coat Application section below.
Spraying
If necessary, when applying Awlwood MA Clear Gloss by air atomized
spray gun, gloss may need to be reduced up to 10% with Awlwood MA
Spray Reducer (T0202). Alternatively, safely warm the can – do not use
universal thinners.
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137
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM CLEAR
GLOSS J3890 continued...
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM CLEAR
GLOSS J3890 continued...
To obtain full grain fill, especially on Hardwoods with a deep grain
structure, and to maximize finish, follow the below recommendations:
Between Coats
Sanding is generally not necessary if overcoating on the same day
unless extreme drying conditions are present (full sun or high
temperatures) in which case rubbing down with P280 grit paper or
Scotchpad#7447 will ensure good intercoat adhesion. For general
indoor applications, sanding is needed if more than 24 hours elapse
between coats.
Apply the first two coats of Awlwood MA Gloss at one day intervals,
preferably by brush or roller at 12–14m²/lt to ensure full grain penetration
and fill. If these initial coats are sprayed they may not flow in and fill the
grain since there are no shear forces to force product into the grain.
Spray application of these first two coats can also result in air bubbles
breaking and forming near invisible pin holes which may show up as
cissing on the next application of finish coat.
Sand each coat with P220–P280 grit paper to flatten the grain texture
without sanding through to the primer. This will fill the grain more
effectively, reduces solvent entrapment in the pits of the grain and
minimizes air bubbles forming in the topcoat before the grain is fully
sealed. If any bubbles do occur from wet product displacing air in the
timber grain, gently tipping these with a dry brush before the product
cures is easier than sanding later and will, in many cases, seal the
pinhole.
Apply the remaining coats as per the Multicoating section below.
For the final coat refer to the Final Coat Application section below.
Do not rapidly apply HEAVY coats to give film build up quickly as
solvents will remain trapped in the coating, inhibiting performance. Allow
each coat to become touch dry before applying the subsequent coat.
WARNING:
Do not leave Awlwood MA Clear Gloss in spray pots
between coating applications.
Coloring Topcoats
For a richer, more traditional appearance, up to 10% of the Awlwood
MA colored Primers can be added to Awlwood MA Clear Gloss.
This should be done in the first few coats then overcoated with clear
topcoat to attain the full coating thickness.
Film Build
For a richer, more traditional appearance, up to 10% of the Awlwood
MA colored Primers can be added to Awlwood MA Clear Gloss.
This should be done in the first few coats then overcoated with clear
topcoat to attain the full coating thickness.
On hardwoods, the first couple of coats can develop bubbles from air
being pushed out of the grain. Once the timber is completely sealed off
this will stop. This effect is significantly exacerbated in full sun conditions
and when the substrate is warming. Try to apply these first two coats
in shaded conditions or early in the day.
WARNING:
In full sun, the timber substrate can easily reach 140°F (60°C)
which can cause the Awlwood MA Gloss to cure in as little as
10 minutes. If numerous tiny bubbles appear in the surface in
these conditions, sand them out and try to apply the coating
either at the end of the day, in the shade or in overcast conditions.
At the start of each day, sand lightly to remove defects using P220–280
grit paper only if necessary. Take care to not over-sand edges. Machine
sanders can be used on build coats after an overnight cure. Before the
final coat, hand sanding through to P600 grit paper working with the
grain will give best results. Horizontal applications will require far less
sanding than vertical.
After sanding, remove sanding dust by vacuuming then warm water
wash only using lint free cloths until surface is completely clean. Tack
cloths are not recommended. If contamination is suspected solvent
wash the surface using only Awlwood MA Brush Reducer or
Awlwood MA Spray Reducer before and after sanding well.
Multicoating
Apply Awlwood MA Clear Gloss within recommended overcoating
intervals. Multiple coats may be applied in one day provided the previous
coat is sufficiently cured. As a general indicator, when one coat can be
pressed with a finger without leaving an indented fingerprint, another
coat can be applied without sanding being required. If the brush or roller
binds with, or re-dissolves the previous coat, more drying time is
needed. Alternatively if the cured film can be gently sanded with P220
grit paper without binding it can be overcoated. Applying multiple coats
in a single day will reduce flow and levelling necessitating more sanding
the following day however, multicoating is a useful means of attaining
rapid film build.
If multicoating, lightly scuffing between coats with ScotchPad#7447 will
dull the surface making it easier for the applicator to avoid misses.
Good practice is to gently sand/scuff the surface at the start of each
day to remove any texture, especially on vertical surfaces, and then
multi-coat as above.
Final Coat Application
For maximum effect, 8 coats of Awlwood MA Clear Gloss should be
applied. The final coat should be applied in a single application after
fine sanding: any remaining texture will be visible in the finish coat.
If brushing or rolling, better flow levelling will be attained on a well cured
substrate. For best results, the final coat should be applied in optimal
conditions: out of direct sunlight and in minimal wind. Early in the day is
best. Reduce the final coat of Awlwood MA 10% by volume. Apply the
final coat removing any heavy sags or runs but do not overwork the
product. Once a non-running film is achieved, allow Awlwood MA to
cure and flow on its own – DO NOT CONTINUE TO BRUSH to remove
brush marks etc. Awlwood MA is designed to flow and level without
the need for over-working the product.
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APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLWOOD MA – EXTERIOR CLEAR
ACRYLIC URETHANE SYSTEM CLEAR
GLOSS J3890 continued...
If spraying, meticulous care must be taken to ensure a dust and
contaminant free environment. If not being applied in a booth, best
practice is tenting the area being coated and forcing filtered air in. As a
minimum, the area should be completely closed up, vacuumed and
thoroughly washed, then washed again the day of application. Reduce
the final coat of Awlwood MA 10% by volume. Apply a mist coat then
follow up with a coat applied with a cross spray pattern or alternatively,
cross spray a single coat without the initial mist coat.
When removing masking tape, score the film along the masking line with
a blade taking care to avoid cutting right through the film. Remove tape
by folding it over 180 degrees to minimize stress on the film.
REDUCERS
(Topcoat/Special Purpose/Primer)
General Information
All of the listed reducers for Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 and Awlcraft SE
Topcoats can be blended with each other in any ratio to fine tune flow
and evaporation rates. Most Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 and Awlcraft SE
Topcoats recommend up to 25% reduction. The reduction percentage is
calculated from the combined total of the base component and converter
component. Mixing a quart of base and a quart of converter yields 2
quarts of mixed base and converter: 25% would be 1⁄2 quart of reducer.
Note: Awlcraft SE is recommended up to 30% reduction.
Examples of total mix quantities for 1:1 and 2:1 base to converter
ratios are as follows:
1:1 Mix Products
TIPS:
1. In hot and/or windy conditions, Awlwood MA Gloss will tack
up rapidly when applying with brush or roller. To extend the wet
edge and increase workability in these conditions thinning up to
10% with Awlwood MA Brush Reducer will assist.
2. If brushes are binding up with curing product during use, they
can be quickly freed up by washing with Acetone, Awlwood MA
Brushing Retarder or Awlwood MA Spray Reducer.
WARNING:
Awlwood MA Clear Gloss is not suitable for use in temperatures
less than 4°C or in very low humidity atmospheres. Do not apply
when condensation may form on uncured coating. DO NOT
add any universal or alcohol-based thinners or reducers to
Awlwood MA Clear Gloss.
Some sunscreens contain ‘nano grades’ of Titanium Dioxide or
Zinc Oxide which when transferred from hands onto varnished
exterior surfaces will accelerate UV degradation of the surface
significantly.
139
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
2:1 Mix Products
Reduction
25%
Reduction
25%
Color Base
12 oz.
Color Base
12 oz.
Converter
12 oz.
Converter
6 oz.
Reducer
6 oz.
Reducer
4.5 oz.
Total Mix
30 oz.
Total Mix
22.5 oz.
At higher temperatures reducers evaporate faster. When painting in hot
conditions increasing the amount of reducer in the mix by 5–10% will
help compensate for this factor.
TOPCOAT Reducers
T0001- Fast Evaporating Reducer for Spray Applied Urethane Topcoats
Use T0001 in Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 and Awlcraft SE Topcoats when
application and cure temperatures are 60–75˚F (16–24˚C). At 60–75˚F
(16–24˚C), T0001 will keep the paint film open for good flow but
evaporate fast enough to provide adequate dry and dust-free times.
VOC
888 g/lt or 7.4 lbs/gallon
T0002 - Fast Evaporating Reducer and Equipment Cleaner
Use T0002 in Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 and Awlcraft SE Topcoats when
application and cure temperatures are 55–70˚F (13–21˚C). At 55–70˚F
(13–21˚C), T0002 will keep the paint film open but evaporate fast enough
to provide adequate dry and dust-free times. T0002 is also an excellent
gun and equipment cleaner. T0002 can also be used in conjunction with
T0005 at higher temperatures (> 90˚F/32˚C) to combat solvent popping.
Use T0002 as the reducer for topcoats flattened with G3013 Flattening
Agent and G2002 Awlgrip Flat Black for best finish development.
VOC 806 g/lt or 6.7 lbs/gallon
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141
REDUCERS
(Topcoat/Special Purpose/Primer) continued...
REDUCERS
(Topcoat/Special Purpose/Primer) continued...
T0003 - Standard Reducer for Spray Applied Urethane Topcoats
Use T0003 in Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 and Awlcraft SE Topcoats when
application and cure temperatures are between 70–90˚F (21–32˚C).
T0003 will keep the paint film open but evaporate fast enough to provide
adequate dry and dust–free times.
VOC EXEMPT Reducers (NA Only)
VOC 930 g/lt or 7.8 lbs/gallon
T0167 - Standard Reducer for Acrylic Urethane Topcoats
Use T0167 in Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats when application
and cure temperatures are 60–75°F (16–24°C). At 60–75°F (16–24°C),
T0167 will keep the paint film open for good flow but evaporate fast
enough to provide adequate dry and dust-free times.
VOC 0 g/lt or 0.0 lbs/gallon
T0005 - Hot Weather Reducer for Urethane Topcoats
Use T0005 in Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 and Awlcraft SE Topcoats when
application and cure temperatures are 90–105°F (32–41°C). T0005 is
most often used as an additive, blended with other spray reducers to
improve flow. T0005 is seldom the sole reducer. At lower temperatures
(below 90˚F/32˚C) T0005 can be blended at any ratio with other Awlgrip
topcoat reducers to improve flow with those products or increase the
evaporation rate of T0005. T0005 has a very slow evaporation rate;
using T0005 at temperatures below 75˚F (24˚C) may result in very long
dry and tape times.
975 g/lt or 8.1 lbs/gallon
WARNING:
Large amounts of T0005 in flat or semi-gloss products may
result in higher gloss levels. Use care when adding T0005 to
these products.
T0031 - Brushing Reducer for Epoxy Primers and Urethane Topcoats
Use T0031 in Awlgrip Topcoats, 545 Epoxy Primer, and Awlquik
Sanding Surfacer in brush/roller applications. T0031 evaporates very
slowly, keeping the paint film open, maximizing flow and levelling while
minimizing brush marks and roller stipple. For Awlgrip Topcoats, add
T0031 at 10–33% of the total volume of the mixed color base and
converter. Application and cure temperatures between 60–90˚F (16–32˚C)
produce the best results, with 70–85˚F (21–29˚C) being the optimum.
T0031 is not recommended for use in spray applications. If a ‘retarder’
reducer is needed for spray application, T0005 should be used.
940 g/lt or 7.8 lbs/gallon
T0163 - Fast Evaporating Reducer for Acrylic Urethane
Topcoats and Equipment Cleaner
Use T0163 in Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats when application
and cure temperatures are 55–70°F (13–21°C). At 55–70°F (13–21°C),
T0163 will keep the paint film open but evaporate fast enough to provide
adequate dry and dust-free times. T0163 is also an excellent gun and
equipment cleaner. Use T0163 as the reducer for topcoats flattened
with G3013 Flattening Agent and G2002 Awlgrip Flat Black for best
finish development.
VOC
0 g/lt or 0.0 lbs/gallon
T0168 - Hot Weather Reducer for Acrylic Urethane Topcoats
Use T0168 in Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats when application
and cure temperatures are between 70–90°F (21–32°C). At 70–90°F
(21–32°C), T0168 will keep the paint film open but evaporate fast
enough to provide adequate dry and dust-free times.
VOC
0 g/lt or 0.0 lbs/gallon
WARNING:
VOC Exempt Reducers are not suitable for use on
Awlcraft 2000 SE Topcoats.
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143
REDUCERS
(Topcoat/Special Purpose/Primer) continued...
REDUCERS
(Topcoat/Special Purpose/Primer) continued...
SPECIAL PURPOSE Reducers
PRIMER Reducers
A0001 - Spray Activator/Reducer for Awlbrite J3005/J3630
Use between temperatures of 70–85°F (21–29˚C). A0001 should not be
used in any epoxy primers or Awlgrip/Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats.
T0001
Usually used in Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 and Awlcraft SE Topcoats.
T0001 is also recommended for use in Quik-Grip Primer and
Awlbrite Quik-Fil Clear.
A0006 - Spray Activator/Reducer for Awlbrite J3005/J3630
Use between temperatures of 60–80°F (16–27˚C). A0006 should not be
used in any epoxy primers or Awlgrip/Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats.
VOC
A0031 - Brushing Activator/Reducer for Awlbrite Clear J3005/
J3006. A special blend of solvents and additives which is a required
part of the Awlbrite Clear mix. A0031 contains additives which
stabilize the pot life of the mixture and initiate cure of the product.
VOC 863 g/lt or 7.2 lbs/gallon
T0016 - Brushing Reducer for Awlspar Varnish
T0016 is specially formulated as a brushing reducer for use in Awlspar
varnishes. It should not be used in any urethane or epoxy coating.
VOC 782 g/lt or 6.5 lbs/gallon
T0101 - Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling
T0101 is specially formulated for spray and brush/roll applications of
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling. It should not be used in urethane or
epoxy coatings.
VOC 867 g/lt or 7.2 lbs/gallon
T0180 - Spray Reducer for Awlspar Varnish
T0180 is specially formulated as a spray reducer for Awlspar varnish.
It should not be used in any urethane or epoxy coating.
VOC
888 g/lt or 7.4 lbs/gallon
T0003
Usually used in spray applications of Awlgrip, Awlcraft 2000 and
Awlcraft SE Topcoats. T0003 is also recommended for use in
Quik-Grip Primer and Awlbrite Quik-Fil Clear.
VOC
930 g/lt or 7.8 lbs/gallon
T0006
Standard epoxy reducer for spray application of 545 Epoxy Primer,
Awlquik, Sprayable Fairing Compound, Max Cor CF, High Build
and Ultra Build Epoxy Primers. Also recommended for Hullgard Extra
Epoxy Primer.
VOC
850 g/lt or 7.1 lbs/gallon
T0031
Brushing reducer to be used when brushing or rollering 545 Epoxy
Primer or Awlquik Primer.
VOC
940 g/lt or 7.8 lbs/gallon
T0073
Special reducer for Ultra Build (D8008/D3018).
VOC
836 g/lt or 7.0 lbs/gallon
739 g/lt or 6.17 lbs/gallon
T0176
A medium evaporating VOC exempt reducer (NA only) for High Build.
VOC
0 g/lt or 0 lbs/gallon
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APPLICATION GUIDE
REDUCERS
(Topcoat/Special Purpose/Primer) continued...
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GRIPTEX FINE / COARSE / EXTRA COARSE
NON SKID ADDITIVE 73012/73013/73237
VOC EXEMPT Reducers (NA Only)
T0167
Standard reducer usually used in Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats.
T0167 is also recommended for use in Quik-Grip Primer and Awlbrite
Quik-Fil Clear.
VOC
0 g/lt or 0.0 lbs/gallon
T0163
Fast Evaporating reducer usually used in Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000
Topcoats. T0163 is also recommended for use in Quik-Grip Primer and
Awlbrite Quik-Fil Clear.
VOC
Features & Uses
Griptex Non-Skid is a polymer bead aggregate used to provide
non–skid deck and step areas when mixed with any Awlgrip
topcoat.
Specification Data
Type: Polymer Bead.
Color: Translucent.
Packaging: 1 Quart – approx. 1 pound (0.44 kg),
1 Gallon – approx. 4 pounds (1.8 kg).
Bead Size: Fine:
130µm
Coarse:
300µm
Extra Coarse: 240–350µm
VOC
0 g/lt or 0.0 lbs/gallon
T0168
Hot Weather reducer usually used in Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000
Topcoats. T0168 is also recommended for use in Quik-Grip Primer and
Awlbrite Quik-Fil Clear.
145
0 g/lt or 0 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Griptex Non-Skid Particles – Fine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73012
Griptex Non-Skid Particles – Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73013
Griptex Non-Skid Particles – Extra Coarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73237
VOC
0 g/lt or 0.0 lbs/gallon
Application Equipment
Use air atomized spray equipment recommended for Awlgrip or
Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats. Fluid tip must be at least .070”. Do not use
airless or air-assisted airless spray equipment.
Surface Preparation
This product is an additive component. See instructions for the
primary product.
Mixing & Reduction
For spray application, add 8–10 oz. (227–284 grams) by weight of
Griptex Non-Skid Particles to each gallon (3.785 lt) of mixed color
base and converter.
Application Instructions
Griptex Non-Skid Particles may be added to mixed topcoats and
applied by spray. The dry particles can also be broadcast or sprinkled
into a tacky paint film.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C)
or colder than 55˚F (13˚C). Do not attempt to cure products at
temperatures below 55˚F (13˚C).
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APPLICATION GUIDE
GRIPTEX FINE / COARSE / EXTRA COARSE
NON SKID ADDITIVE 73012/73013/73237
continued...
CAUTIONS:
1. Previously painted surfaces must be tested for compatibility
before applying Awlgrip Products.
2. Gelcoat non–skid areas need to be thoroughly cleaned and
abraded. Use Scotch-Brite®, water, abrasive cleaners, and
stiff brushes to ensure proper cleaning.
3. For final removal of abrasive residues and sanding dirt, wrap
a stiff bristle brush in a clean cotton cloth. Scrub the sanded
surface with the cloth wrapped brush. The bristles of the
brush force the cloth into the grooves and valleys of the old
non–skid, removing contaminants from the surface. Change
the cloths frequently. Flush the surface with fresh water,
allow to dry, then wipe with Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep T0008, Awlprep 400 T0170 or
Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340).
TIP:
Even on small jobs, long–term performance is improved if
surfaces are primed before an Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000
Topcoat is applied.
Application Instructions of Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat with
Griptex Non-Skid Particles – Broadcast Method:
The easiest way for beginners to obtain a non–skid finish is to use the
Broadcast/Shaker Method. Griptex Non-Skid is added to a still tacky
application of Awlgrip/Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat.
1. Clean the primed and sanded surface with Awlgrip Wipe-Down
Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner
T0340) using the Two Cloth Method.
2. Mask the perimeter of the non-skid areas. 3M #218 Fine Line Tape
can be used in all areas except those with tight curves. Use 3M #471
Blue Vinyl Plastic Tape for sections with tight curves.
3. Apply a light, smooth coat of Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat by
spray, brush or roller. Allow the topcoat to flash off 10–20 minutes
until the surface is slightly dry but still sticky.
4. Using a flour sifter, powdered sugar shaker, or the punctured
container itself, sprinkle the Griptex Non-Skid into the paint film.
To use the Griptex container, first punch holes in the lid with a nail
or ice pick. Overlap the broadcasting stroke to provide a uniform
pattern. Allow to dry 12–16 hours.
5. Vacuum or blow off loose excess Griptex Non-Skid Particles.
Repeat Steps 3 and 4 on any areas that need additional non-skid
particles.
6. Apply 1 or 2 sealer coats of Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat over
the entire non-skid surface. This coat encapsulates the Griptex
Non-Skid Particles in the paint, maximizing durability.
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147
GRIPTEX FINE / COARSE / EXTRA COARSE
NON SKID ADDITIVE 73012/73013/73237
continued...
Application Instructions of Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat with
Griptex Non-Skid Particles– Spray Method:
Use a siphon gun or a pressure pot with an agitator. A .070” fluid tip is
required. Surround non-skid areas with 36 inches (.914 meters) of
masking paper. Also, protect other areas from overspray. Each spray
pass must begin and end on the masking paper.
TIP:
Place a couple of 1–1½ inch steel ball bearings in the bottom of
the pressure pot and swirl pot after each pass, if internal agitation
is not available.
WARNING:
1. Do not stop spraying until you reach the masking paper on
the opposite side. Each spray pass must begin and end on
the masking paper. Large areas may require walking on the
surface.
2. Griptex Particles can be trapped in the fluid tip when the gun
is shut off, causing the gun to spit and drip. Keep a rag handy
to wipe the gun tip after each pass.
3. Never use Griptex Particles in an airless spray gun or an air
assist airless spray gun.
Mastering the spray application of non-skid finishes can be a very time
consuming process.
Applicators that do not apply non–skid materials on a regular basis will
find the Broadcast Method much easier to master.
1. Clean the primed and sanded surface with Awlgrip Wipe-Down
Solvent (NA/AP: Awlprep Plus T0115; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340)
using the Two Cloth Method.
2. Mask the perimeter of the non-skid areas. 3M #218 Fine Line Tape
can be used in all areas except those with tight curves. Use 3M #417
Blue Vinyl Plastic Tape for those areas.
3. Surround all non–skid areas with 3 feet (.914 meters) of masking
paper.
4. Mix Awlgrip Color Base with Awlcat #2 and the appropriate reducer.
Overall mix for this coat should be 1:1:1 by volume. Add 8–10 oz.
(227–284 grams) by weight of Griptex Non-Skid Particles for each
mixed gallon of Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat.
5. Apply by triggering the gun over the masking paper and spraying
across the non-skid area in one continuous pass. The spray gun
should be held well off the surface. Spraying from waist high while
walking is ideal. The paint will fall to the surface as a light, dry coat. If
using a siphon gun, shake the gun and cup at the end of each pass to
keep the Griptex mixed in the paint. Allow the coat to thoroughly tack.
6. Apply a coat of Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat to seal the surface.
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PRO–CURE ACCELERATOR
X–98: 73014 or X–138: 73015
PRO–CURE ACCELERATOR
X–98: 73014 or X–138: 73015 continued...
Features & Uses
Pro-Cure Accelerators may be used to decrease dry and cure times in
Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats. Do not use in primers, metallics
topcoats or Awlbrite products.
Specification Data
Type: Accelerator additive.
Packaging: 2 ounce bottles/12 per case
VOC 73014 – 888 g/lt or 7.4 lbs/gallon
149
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
WARNING:
Accelerators are not recommended above 85˚F(30˚C). Pro-Cure
X-98 should not be used above 75°F (25˚C). Do not exceed
recommended accelerator levels as this could impair
performance.
˚F
˚C
Reducer
Pro-Cure
Accelerator
Dry Time
Application Life
(hrs)
80
27
T0003
X–138
4–5
4–5
70
21
T0003
X–138/X–98
11–12/4–5
6–7/2–3
60
16
T0001
X–138/X–98
12+/6–7
6–7/3–4
Temp
73015 – 951 g/lt or 7.9 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Pro-Cure X-98 and Pro-Cure X-138 are additives used in Awlgrip and
Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats.
Application Equipment
This product is an additive component. See instructions for the primary
product application.
Surface Preparation
This product is an additive component. See instructions for the primary
product application.
Mixing & Reduction
Pro-Cure X-98 (73014) 1⁄2 liquid ounce per 2 gallons of mixed
topcoat color base and converter before reduction. This is the
maximum amount; lesser quantities may be sufficient. This is
equivalent to 3 capfuls if measured using the screw top cap.
Pro-Cure X-138 (73015) 1 liquid ounce per 2 gallons of mixed topcoat
color base and converter. This is the maximum amount; lesser quantities
may be sufficient. This is equivalent to 6 capfuls if measured using the
screw top cap (two US tablespoons).
Induction Time after Mixing: N/A
Application Instructions
Pro-Cure X-98 should only be used in spray applications.
Pro-Cure X-138 may be used in both spray and brush applications.
Recoatability: Awlgrip Topcoats with a full add of Pro-Cure X-98
may be recoated or taped in 4–6 hours at 77˚F (25˚C), 50% R.H. Awlgrip
Topcoats with a full add of Pro-Cure X-138 may be recoated or taped
in 6–8 hours at 75˚F (23˚C)/50% R.H.
Spray Application
Dry Time: The amount of time required before the applied coating can
be masked and taped.
Application Life: The amount of time required for the initial application
viscosity to double.
Pro-Cure X-138: 1 liquid ounce per 2 gallons of catalyzed topcoat
before adding reducer.
Pro-Cure X-98: 1⁄2 liquid ounce per 2 gallons of catalyzed topcoat before
adding reducer.
* The chart is for Awlgrip Topcoats mixed for spray application. Results for Awlcraft 2000
will be similar. Awlgrip Topcoats mixed for brush/roll applications will have dry times of
10-20% longer. Application life will be the same to 10% shorter.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C)
or colder than 55˚F (13˚C). Do not attempt to cure products at
temperatures below 55˚F (13˚C).
150
APPLICATION GUIDE
FLATTENING AGENT: G3013 FOR AWLGRIP
OR AWLCRAFT 2000 TOPCOATS
Features & Uses
Flattening agent reduces the gloss of Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000
Topcoats to a flat or semi–gloss finish.
Not recommended for application to large expances of surface as
unequal gloss and appearance may result.
Specification Data
Type: Inert Extender.
G3013 is an additive used in urethane topcoats.
Packaging: Quarts and Gallons.
VOC
721 g/lt or 6 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Flattening Agent
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3013
This is an additive component, see instructions for the primary product
Application Equipment
This product is an additive component. See instructions for the primary
product.
Surface Preparation
This product is an additive component. See instructions for the primary
product.
Mixing & Reduction
Thoroughly agitate G3013 Flattening Agent. Thoroughly mix
the color base and G3013 Flattening Agent. Then stir in the Awlcat #2
Spray Converter G3010. When one homogenous mixture is obtained
add the T0002 Reducer and stir well. Strain mix with a 60–100 mesh
cone strainer before applying.
WARNING:
Reduction with T0001 or T0003 may result in higher than
anticipated gloss levels.
Awlgrip Topcoat: Mixture for Flat Finish
1 part by volume Awlgrip Color Base
1 part by volume G3013 Flattening Agent
1 part by volume Awlcat #2 Converter
1 part by volume T0002 Reducer
Example: 8 oz. color base : 8 oz. G3013 : 8 oz. G3010 : 8 oz. T0002
Awlgrip Topcoat: Mixture for Semi–Gloss Finish
1 part by volume Awlgrip Color Base
1
⁄2 part by volume G3013 Flattening Agent
1 part by volume Awlcat #2 Converter
1 part by volume T0002 Reducer
Example: 8 oz. color base : 4 oz. G3013 : 8 oz. G3010 : 8 oz. T0002
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151
FLATTENING AGENT: G3013 FOR AWLGRIP
OR AWLCRAFT 2000 TOPCOATS
continued...
Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat: Mixture for Flat Finish
2 parts by volume Awlcraft 2000 Color Base
2 parts by volume G3013 Flattening Agent
1 part by volume Awlcat #2 Converter
1 part by volume T0002 Reducer
Example: 8 oz. color base : 8 oz. G3013 : 4 oz. G3010 : 4 oz. T0002
Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat: Mixture for Semi-Gloss Finish
2 parts by volume Awlcraft 2000 Color Base
1 part by volume G3013 Flattening Agent
1 part by volume Awlcat #2 Converter
1 part by volume T0002 Reducer:
Example: 8 oz. color base : 4 oz. G3013 : 4 oz. G3010 : 4 oz. T0002
Application Instructions
Spray application is recommended when using G3013.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C)
or colder than 55˚F (13˚C). Do not attempt to cure products at
temperatures below 55˚F (13˚C).
152
APPLICATION GUIDE
CRATER–X ANTI–CRATERING SOLUTION
M1017
Features & Uses
Crater-X is an anti–cratering additive used to alter the surface
tension of Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats to improve
flow and levelling.
Specification Data
Type: Surface tension modifier.
M1017 is an additive used in urethane topcoats.
Packaging: Pint Cans.
VOC
829 g/lt or 6.9 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Crater-X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M1017
Application Equipment
This product is an additive component. See instructions for the primary
product.
Surface Preparation
See instructions for the primary product.
Mixing & Reduction
Add 1⁄2 –1 liquid ounce (15–30ml) of Crater-X to one gallon of
Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 base component. Thoroughly mix
material under mechanical agitation.
Important: Allow mixture to stand for 30 minutes; then add converter
and reducer and apply in the standard fashion.
Crater-X can be added to topcoats when the base, converter, and
reducer are already combined. However, Crater-X is most effective when
Crater-X is added to the base component before the base and converter
are combined. Crater-X must be added to every coat of topcoat during
the application process once use has begun.
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153
AWLCOAT TPC
WP101
Features & Uses
Awlcoat TPC is a waterbased temporary protective coating
to protect surfaces from damage and contamination, guarding
against scuffing, abrasion and over-spray.
Specification Data
Type: Vinyl Acrylic.
Packaging: Available in 5 gallon containers.
Theoretical Coverage: Sq. ft/Gallon: 267–160 sq. ft/gl at 3–5 mils dry
(4–7 m2/lt at 75–125 microns dry). Coverage calculations are based on
theoretical transfer efficiency of 100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will
vary according to equipment choice, application techniques, part size,
and environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness: 6–10 mils (150–250 microns)
per coat.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness: 3–5 mils (75–125 microns)
per coat. A minimum of 3 mils (75 microns) is recommended to ensure
easy removal. To increase resilience to wear damage (abrasion, etc) a
higher film build is recommended (5–10 mils/125–250 microns dry film
thickness). This may require a two coat application.
Recoatability at 59˚F (15˚C):
Minimum (with itself): 30 mins (touch dry).
Max time: Indefinite.
Recoatability at 77˚F (25˚C):
Minimum (with itself): 20 mins (touch dry).
Max time: Indefinite.
NOTE: High Humidity will extend the dry time.
Peel time* (at 55–104˚F / 13–40˚C): 1 hour. Awlcoat TPC should not
be left on the painted surface for more than 4 months.
*This is the minimum time required in which sufficient film strength has
developed to facilitate the peeling process. Peel times beyond those
quoted will allow further film strength development to take place and
subsequently improve peeling efficiency.
Do not apply other Awlgrip products over Awlcoat TPC.
Do not apply Awlcoat TPC to unpainted gelcoat substrates.
VOC Light Gray (WP101) – 55 g/lt / 0.46 lbs per gallon
TIP:
Do not use Crater-X in primers
Volume Solids: 50%
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Application Instructions
This product is an additive component. See instructions for the primary
product.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C)
or colder than 55˚F (13˚C). Do not attempt to cure products at
temperatures below 55˚F (13˚C).
Light Gray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .WP101
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Water (when wet) or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Conventional or airless spray. Brush application is suitable for
small areas only. See pages 8–14.
154
APPLICATION GUIDE
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155
AWLCOAT TPC
WP101 continued...
AWLCOAT TPC
WP101 continued...
Surface Preparation
Awlcoat TPC is suitable for application over Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000
Topcoats. It is important that the coating materials have undergone
sufficient cure to ensure properties such as gloss and color are not
affected by the application of Awlcoat TPC. The surface of Awlgrip or
Awlcraft 2000 should be clean, dry (cured) and free from contaminants.
Use masking tape to protect adjoining surfaces from overspray and
‘feather edges’ that would be difficult to peel. Mask off areas such as
deep joint seams, channels and granular non–skid surfaces that may
create a mechanical keyway into which the coating will lock. Awlcoat
TPC can wrap around sharp edges but due to limited film build on such
edges this may prove more difficult to peel. Therefore, mask the sharp
edges prior to application. Plastic masking tape (3M’s Fine Line®) is
recommended as this material doesn’t react with the water content
in the wet film.
Removal
Once dry, Awlcoat TPC can easily be removed by grasping the edge
of the film and peeling it off the surface. Thicker areas will dry slower.
If product is removed before it’s completely dry the peel characteristics
will be compromised.
Mixing & Reduction
Awlcoat TPC is a single component coating and should be
mixed thoroughly prior to application. A power agitator will aid the
mixing process.
WARNING:
Do not reduce Awlcoat TPC.
Application Instructions
Allow Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 to cure for a minimum of two cure
cycles, 96 hours at 77˚F (25˚C). Ensure the surface is clean from
contaminants. The product is water-based and good air flow is therefore
encouraged. Apply Awlcoat TPC to the recommended film thickness.
For best result aim for a smooth, continuous film and avoid sags or other
defects as in warmer climates this could result in a ‘print through’ effect
on the finish. For additional protection a second coat can be applied
after 20 minutes or when it is touch-dry.
Overspray will not peel off but can be removed with a damp cloth or
wiped off using alcohol. You can recoat overspray to build film thickness
then peel off.
Awlcoat TPC has a tendency to develop a level of ‘sticking’ when
pressed against another surface or itself. This should be taken into
consideration when stacking coated material. Placing heavy items on
top of Awlcoat TPC could leave an imprint in substrate underneath.
Masking tape should ideally be removed from edges when the product
is still wet.
TIP:
Due to the wide variety of application methods, environments
and expectations, customers should test the complete system
for compatibility & suitability under their own conditions prior
to full scale application. Do not apply over polycarbonates,
glass or wood.
On rare occasions Awlcoat TPC may leave a very light haze on the
topcoat surface. Frequently this haze self-corrects over a 24 hour
period or shorter, especially if exposed to sunlight. In other examples
a wet cloth is needed to remove the effect.
Disposal: Once removed, Awlcoat TPC can be compacted by hand
(using gloves) to reduce waste volume and the product should be
disposed of in accordance with appropriate regional regulations.
WARNING:
Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than 5˚F (3˚C) above
dew point or to surfaces warmer than 105˚F (41˚C). Awlcoat TPC
is water-based and should be kept from freezing. Due to the fast
drying nature of Awlcoat TPC, keep container closed when not
in use as it is prone to skinning. During application keep spray
gun aircap clean with water and brush. It is good practice to
filter Awlcoat with mesh (60) screen prior to application.
156
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLCRAFT SE REPAIR PRODUCTS
E3001, T0190, T0195
Features & Uses
Should the need arise to repair your Awlcraft SE coating system, from
the smallest scratch through to a large scale repair, this product in
conjunction with the Awlcraft SE repair Manual will take you through
to a seamless repair (also see Repairing an Awlcraft SE Topcoat section
in this guide).
Awlcraft SE repair products are all used as part of the Awlcraft SE
repair system.
Specification Data
Type: Primer and Blending Reducers
Packaging: All products are available in Quart size packs.
VOC Repair Primer (E3001) – 768.6 g/lt / 6.41 lbs per gallon
Blending Solution (T0190) – 825.1 g/lt / 6.89 lbs per gallon
Blending Solvent (T0195) – 841.7 g/lt / 7.02 lbs per gallon
Repair Primer (E3001)
Volume Solids: 10.37% (MS 13.31%)
Specific Gravity: 0.89
Blending Solution (T0190)
Volume Solids: 9.76% (MS 11.70%)
Specific Gravity: 0.93
Blending Solvent (T0195)
Volume Solids: 0.025% (MS 0.03%)
Specific Gravity: 0.84
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157
AWLCRAFT SE REPAIR PRODUCTS
E3001, T0190, T0195 continued...
Mixing & Reduction
Mixing and reduction requirements will vary according to individual
conditions, climate, equipment age and other factors. Mixing and
application of a small sample before full scale application is
recommended. The mixing and reduction instructions for the
repair products are described in the separate Awlcraft SE Repair
Manual (also see Repairing an Awlcraft SE Topcoat section in
this guide).
Application Instructions
Application equipment and parameters are given as a guide. Actual
equipment choices will vary according to application conditions,
equipment age and other factors. Testing on a non-critical area should
be carried out prior to full-scale application. Application parameters will
vary according to individual conditions, climate, equipment age and
other factors. Apply to a small non-critical area prior to full scale
application. Contact local technical service representative for further
advice if necessary. For use and application of the Awlcraft SE Repair
Products please refer to the separate Awlcraft SE Repair Manual
(also see Repairing an Awlcraft SE Topcoat section in this guide).
Recoatability and Drying Time
The data given for recoatability is not exhaustive. Actual recoatability
can vary according to individual conditions, climate and surroundings.
If unsure consult local technical service representative before proceeding.
The recoatability information and recommended drying times for the
repair products are described in the separate Awlcraft SE Repair Manual
(also see Repairing an Awlcraft SE Topcoat section in this guide)
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Repair Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .OE3001
Blending Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .OT0190
Blending Solvent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .OT0195
WARNING:
Do not use unless mixed thoroughly with the curing agent at
specified ratio.
Application Equipment
See Awlcraft SE Repair Manual for equipment advice (also see
Repairing an Awlcraft SE Topcoat section in this guide).
Do not use below 13°C/55°F or warmer than 40ºC/104°F. Proper
application and/or cure results may be more difficult to achieve
when conditions are outside this range.
Surface Preparation
The surface preparation advice provided, and equipment suggestions,
can be used as a guide. Preparation techniques and results will vary
according to individual conditions, equipment age and other factors.
Testing on a non-critical area should be carried out prior to full-scale
preparation. The surface preparation of the area to be repaired is
described in the separate Awlcraft SE Repair Manual (also see
Repairing an Awlcraft SE Topcoat section in this guide).
Avoid conditions of low temperature with high humidity as this
can result in the formation of a surface by-product that must
be removed by either detergent wash followed by fresh water
wash or by sanding.
Check with local authorities to determine VOC restrictions in
your area.
Please ensure a risk assessment is carried out to assess the level
of PPE required for the particular task undertaken when using
this product.
158
APPLICATION GUIDE
AWLSTAR GOLD LABEL ANTIFOULING
(EU ONLY) BP204, BP507, BP508,
BP705 & BP809
Features & Uses
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling is a self-polishing antifouling
used to deter fouling growth, ensuring the ultimate underwater
protection for both power and sailing yachts.
Specification Data
Type: Self Polishing Antifouling.
Packaging: Available in a 1 Gallon and 15lt containers
Theoretical Coverage at 1 mil (25 microns) Dry Film Thickness:
791 sq. ft /Gallon (19.72 m2/lt). At recommended dry film thickness
of 8 mils (200 microns): 99ft2/gl or 2.4m2/lt per coat.
By Spray: 197 sq. ft /Gallon (4.8m2/lt).
By Brush/Roller: 407 Sq. ft /Gallon (10m2/lt).
Coverage calculations are based on theoretical transfer efficiency of
100%. Actual coverage rate obtained will vary according to equipment
choice, application techniques, part size, and application environment.
Recommended Wet Film Thickness:
4 mils (100 microns) by brush. 2–3 coats recommended.
8 mils (200 microns) by spray. 1–2 coats recommended.
Recommended Dry Film Thickness:
2 mils (51 microns) by brush / roller per coat.
4 mils (102 microns) by spray per coat.
Drying and launch times at 75°F (25°C), 50% R.H:
Recoatability: With itself; 6 hours minimum. No maximum recoat time.
To Launch: 2 hours minimum, 24 hours preferred. 2 months maximum
launch time. If maximum launch time is exceeded apply a new fresh coat
of Awlstar Gold Label.
Drying and launch times at 55°F (13°C), 50% R.H:
Recoatability: With itself; 10 hours minimum. No maximum recoat time.
To Launch: 5 hours minimum, 3 months maximum launch time.
If maximum launch time is exceeded apply a new fresh coat of
Awlstar Gold Label.
VOC
Average 450 g/lt or 3.76 lbs/gallon
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Charcoal Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP204
Light Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP508
Deep Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP507
Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP705
White Lightning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP809
Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0101
Equipment Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0101 Reducer or M.E.K.
Application Equipment
Airless spray, Airmix, Brush, Roller. See pages 8–14.
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159
AWLSTAR GOLD LABEL ANTIFOULING
(EU ONLY) BP204, BP507, BP508,
BP705 & BP809 continued...
Surface Preparation
New Applications: Prime with Hullgard Epoxy Primer (EU only)
D6070/D3707. Apply the first coat of Awlstar Gold Label according
to recommended recoat times (see page 58). Existing Antifouling that
is incompatible or unknown: Remove all incompatible or unknown
antifouling and re-prime with Hullgard primers.
Renewing Awlstar: High pressure water wash as soon as the boat
comes out of the water, allow to dry. Sanding (80 grit) / removal of old
coating is not normally required but is advised under any of the
following conditions:
• Any time the cleanliness of the surface is in doubt.
• Fast boats which have ablated to a very smooth surface.
• Sailboats which were recently burnished.
• The surface was not power washed immediately after hauling.
Mixing & Reduction
Check for settling then thoroughly mix until a consistent
homogenous blend is obtained. Power mixers or shakers are
preferred. If not available, thorough hand mixing is acceptable.
Reduction is not normally recommended. However, if needed
for spray equipment or brush/roller application, 10% or
12 oz. (400ml) per gallon with T0101 is a recommended
maximum reduction.
Induction Time after Mixing: N/A.
Anticipated Pot Life at 75°F (25°C)/50% R.H.: N/A.
Application Instructions
Awlstar Gold Label can be applied by airless spray, brush, roller or
airmix. For brush/roller, apply heavy coats of 4 mils (100 microns) WFT
per coat, yielding 2 mils (51 microns) DFT per coat. For spray application,
apply heavy coats of up to 8 mils (200 microns) WFT per coat, yielding
4 mils (102 microns) DFT. For maximum antifouling performance and
protection apply a minimum of 2 coats of Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling
by brush/roller. Optimum performance is achieved at a total dry film
thickness of 4 mils (100 microns) minimum. To provide a built-in indicator
of when it is time to renew your Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling, apply
the first coat in a different color from the remaining coats. When you can
see the first color showing through, it is time to renew. Extra protection
and more uniform wear properties result when 1 or 2 extra coats of
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling are applied to high wear areas.
WARNING:
Important, Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling must not be used on
aluminum. Do not apply paint materials to surfaces less than
3°C (5°F) above dewpoint or warmer than 35°C (95°F).
Ambient temperature should be minimum 13°C (55°F)
and maximum 35°C (95°F).
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APPLICATION GUIDE
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161
AWLWASH WASH DOWN CONCENTRATE
73234
AWLCARE PROTECTIVE POLYMER SEALER
73240
Features & Uses
Awlwash is a wash down concentrate formulated to clean Awlgrip,
and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats.
Features & Uses
Awlcare is a protective polymer sealer formulated to protect and remove
mild stains from Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 Topcoats.
Specification Data
Type: Wash Down Concentrate.
Packaging: Quarts (.946 Liters) and Gallons (3.785 Liters),
Quart (.946 Liters) is a refillable ‘tip ‘n’ measure’ container.
Theoretical Coverage: 1 oz. (30 ml) of Awlwash per Gallon of Water.
Specification Data
Type: Protective Polymer Sealer.
Packaging: Pint (.473 Liters) and Half Gallon (1.872 Liters).
Theoretical Coverage: One pint (.473 Liters) will cover 450 sq. ft (42m2)
with one coat. Two coats are recommended for initial application.
Keep container tightly closed and upright to prevent leakage.
Keep container closed when not in used. Keep from freezing.
VOC
0 g/lt or 0 lbs/gallon
VOC 230 g/lt or 1.92 lbs/gallon
Keep container tightly closed and upright to prevent leakage.
Keep from freezing
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Product Components, Reducers, Additives, and Auxiliary Components
Awlcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73240
Awlwash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73234
Application Equipment
Use a soft, non–abrasive applicator.
Surface Preparation
Rinse surface thoroughly prior to washing.
Mixing & Reduction
One (1) ounce (30 ml) of Awlwash per each gallon
(3.785 Liters) of water.
Application Instructions
Wash surface while still wet from initial rinsing, using a soft, non–abrasive
applicator when washing the surface. Do not allow Awlwash to dry on
the surface prior to rinsing. Wash small sections of large surfaces to
insure the surface stays wet. Rinse thoroughly after washing. When
finished, wipe surface with soft cotton towel or chamois to prevent
water spots.
NOTE: If water spots are a problem, Awlgrip recommends the use of
a water softener to reduce water spots. Water spots are caused by
organic and inorganic impurities in the water. If water beads are allowed
to air dry, the water evaporates and leaves a residue on the paint. If this
residue is not removed it may gradually etch the paint. If water spots
occur, they can be removed with Awlcare Protective Polymer Sealer
(73240).
Stubborn stains may require a higher concentration of Awlwash. High
concentrations will require increased amounts of rinsing. Some stubborn
stains may require Awlwash to be used at full strength.
TIP: For further information regarding the care and maintenance
of Awlgrip products please refer to awlgrip.com.
Application Equipment
Apply with a 100% cotton applicator or cloth. Do not apply Awlcare
with mechanical devices, apply by hand only.
Surface Preparation
Wash surface with Awlwash Wash Down Concentrate (73234),
rinse and wipe dry.
Mixing & Reduction
Shake Awlcare well before applying.
Application Instructions
Shake Awlcare well and apply with a 100% cotton applicator or cloth.
Awlcare can be applied in sun or shade and can be applied to large
areas before removing. Do not apply Awlcare with mechanical devices.
Allow Awlcare to dry to a haze. Wipe off haze with a 100% clean,
cotton cloth.
TIP:
Awlgrip recommends washing the surface once a week to
prevent dirt build up. Use Awlwash Wash Down Concentrate
(73234) to minimize removal of the Awlcare Protective Polymer
Sealer. Multiple coats of Awlcare may be needed to protect
water run-off areas.
TIP:
For further information regarding the care and maintenance of
Awlgrip products please refer to awlgrip.com.
162
APPLICATION GUIDE
APPLICATION LOG
PRODUCT CHECK LISTS
Topcoats
Awlgrip Polyester Urethane Topcoat (See color card)
Awlgrip Clear Topcoat Base (G3005)
Awlcraft 2000 Acrylic Urethane Topcoat (See color card)
Awlcraft 2000 Clear Topcoat Base (F3029)
Awlcraft SE Two Component Special Effect Basecoat
Awlcat #2 Standard Topcoat Converter for Spray Application (G3010)
Awlcat #3 Brushing Topcoat Converter (H3002)
Awlcat #4 VOC Exempt Topcoat Converter (G3038)
Inspector
Ref Docs
Coat 6
Primers & Sealers
545 Epoxy Primer
Gray Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D1001
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8001
Clear Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3020
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3001
Coat 5
Coat 7
Coat 8
Job No.
321 HS Undercoat
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R8100
Gray Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R1100
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R3100
Coat 4
Awlquik Sanding Surfacer
Pale Yellow Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8003
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D9001
Quik-Grip Fast Dry Non–Sanding Primer
Gray Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8016
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3040
Coat 3
SP:
Coat 2
High Build Epoxy Primer
Off-White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8002
Yellow Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D9002
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3002
Coat 1
Ultra Build Epoxy Primer
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8008
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3018
Hullgard Epoxy Primer (EU Only)
Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6070
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3707
Substrate
DET:
163
Painter
Date
Hullgard Extra Epoxy Primer
Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6120
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3730
COATING
INSPECTION
PAINT
APPLICATION
SURFACE
PREPARATION
CLIMATE DATA
Date/Time
Conditions
% RH
Air Temperature
Dew Point
Surface Temperature
Paint: YES/NO
Date/Time
Cleanliness
Profile/Sanding
Date/Time
Product
Batch No. A
Batch No. B
Other Batch No.
Thinning %
Reducer
Volume Liters/Gallons
Induction Time
Recoat Time Min/Max
W.F.T
Date/Time
Number
Min
Max
Average
Std Dev
Average
Pass/Fail/Repair
Specification Required:
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
Corrosion Inhibiting Surface Treatment
Max Cor CF
Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R4330
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .R3330
Aerosol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S4010
Corrosion Inhibiting Surface Treatment
Wash Primer Cor CF
Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6600
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3300
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PRODUCT CHECK LISTS
PRODUCT CHECK LISTS
Fairing & Surfacing
Awlfair LW Epoxy Trowelable Fairing Compound
White Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D8200
Standard Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D7200
Fast Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D7222
Reducers
VOC Exempt Reducers (NA Only)
Standard Reducer for Acrylic Urethane Topcoats . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0167
Fast Evaporating Reducer for Acrylic Urethane Topcoats
and Equipment Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0163
Hot Weather Reducer for Acrylic Urethane Topcoats . . . . . . . . . . .T0168
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound
Tan Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6001
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3011
Awlfair Surfacing Filler (EU Only)
Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D6200
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D3200
Brightwork Varnish & Interior Wood
Awlbrite
Clear Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3005
Semi Gloss Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3630
Converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3006
Awlspar
Classic Spar Varnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M3131
Awlwood MA
PRIMERS
Clear Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3809
Yellow Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J9809
Red Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J7809
FINISH
Clear Gloss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .J3890
CLEANER AND REDUCERS
Brush Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0200
Brushing Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0201
Spray Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0202
Activators
Standard Activator for Spray Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A0001
Fast Drying Activator for Spray Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A0006
Awlbrite Brush Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A0031
Reducers
Topcoat Reducers
Fast Evaporating Reducer for Spray Applied Urethane Topcoats
and Quik-Grip Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0001
Fast Evaporating Spray reducer and Equipment Cleaner . . . . . . . .T0002
Standard Evaporating Reducer for Spray Applied Urethane Topcoats
and Quik-Grip Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0003
Hot Weather Reducer / Retarder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0005
Awlspar Brushing Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0016
Slow drying Reducer for Brush Applied Epoxy Primers and
Urethane Topcoats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0031
Reducer for Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0101
Awlspar Spray Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0180
Primer Reducers
Standard Reducer for Epoxy Primers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0006
Slow drying Reducer for Brush Applied Epoxy Primers and
Urethane Topcoats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0031
Ultra Build Reducer and Epoxy Primers Brushing Reducer . . . . . .T0073
Wipe Down Solvents
Surface Cleaner / Degreaser (EU only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0340
Awlprep Surface Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0008
Awlprep Plus Wax and Grease Remover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0115
Awlprep 400 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0170
High Build VOC Exempt (NA/AP only) Reducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0176
Auxiliary Products
Deluxe Tack Rags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73009
Griptex Fine Grit Non-Skid Particles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73012
Griptex Coarse Grit Non-Skid Particles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73013
Griptex Extra Coarse Grit Non-Skid Particles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73237
Pro-Cure X-98 Fast Accelerator for Urethane Topcoats . . . . . . . .73014
Pro-Cure X-138 Inhibited Accelerator for Urethane Topcoats . . . .73015
Flattening Agent for Urethane Topcoats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G3013
Crater-X Anti–Cratering Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M1017
Cold-Cure Accelerator for 545 Epoxy Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .M3066
Awlcoat TPC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .WP101
Awlcraft SE Repair Primer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E3001
Awlcraft SE Blending Solution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0190
Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .T0195
Antifoulings
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling (EU Only)
Charcoal Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP204
Light Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP508
Deep Blue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP507
Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP705
White Lightning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .BP809
Maintenance Products
Awlwash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73234
Awlcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73240
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PRODUCT DESCRIPTION BY
CODE NUMBER
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PRODUCT DESCRIPTION BY
CODE NUMBER
73009
Deluxe Tack Rags
J3809
Awlwood MA Clear Primer
73012
Griptex Fine Grit Non-Skid Particles
J3890
Awlwood MA Clear Gloss
73013
Griptex Coarse Grit Non-Skid Particles
J7809
Awlwood MA Red Primer
73014
Pro-Cure X-98 Fast Accelerator for Urethane Topcoats
J9809
Awlwood MA Yellow Primer
73015
Pro-Cure X-138 Inhibited Accelerator for Urethane Topcoats
M1017
Crater-X Anti–Cratering Solution
73234
Awlwash Wash Down Concentrate
M3048
Spatter-It Texture Additive
73237
Griptex Extra Coarse Grit Non-Skid Particles
M3066
Cold-Cure Accelerator for 545 Epoxy Primer
73240
Awlcare Protective Polymer Sealer
M3131
Awlspar Classic Spar Varnish
A0001
Standard Activator for Spray Application
R1100
321 HS Undercoat Gray Base
A0006
Fast Drying Activator for Spray Application
R3100
321 HS Undercoat Converter
A0031
Awlbrite Brush Reducer
R3330
Max Cor CF Converter
BP204
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling (EU only) Charcoal Black
R4330
Max Cor CF Base
BP508
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling (EU only) Light Blue
R8100
321 HS Undercoat White Base
BP507
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling (EU only) Deep Blue
S4010
Max Cor CF Aerosol
BP705
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling (EU only) Red
T0001
Fast Evaporating Reducer for Spray Applied Urethane Topcoats and
BP809
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling (EU only) White Lightning
D1001
545 Epoxy Primer Gray Base
T0002
Fast Evaporating Spray reducer and Equipment Cleaner
D3001
545 Epoxy Primer Converter
T0003
Standard Reducer for Spray Applied Urethane Topcoats and
D3002
High Build Converter
D3011
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound Converter
T0005
Hot Weather Reducer / Retarder
D3018
Ultra Build Converter
T0006
Standard Reducer for Epoxy Primers
D3020
545 Epoxy Primer Clear Base
T0008
Awlprep Surface Cleaner
D3040
Quik-Grip Fast Dry Non Sanding Primer Converter
T0016
Awlspar Brushing Reducer
D3300
Wash Primer CF Converter
T0031
Slow drying Reducer for Brush Applied Epoxy Primers and Urethane Topcoats
D3707
Hullgard Epoxy Primer Converter (EU Only)
T0073
Ultra Build Reducer and Epoxy Primers Brushing Reducer
D3730
Hullgard Extra Converter
T0101
Reducer for Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling
D6001
Epoxy Sprayable Fairing Compound Tan Base
T0115
Awlprep Plus Wax and Grease Remover
D6070
Hullgard Epoxy Primer Base (EU Only)
T0163
VOC Exempt Fast Evaporating Reducer and Equipment Cleaner (NA Only)
D6120
Hullgard Extra Base
T0167
VOC Exempt Standard Reducer for Acrylic Urethane Topcoats (NA Only)
D6200
Awlfair Surfacing Filler Base (EU only)
T0168
VOC Exempt Hot Weather Reducer for Acrylic Urethane Topcoats (NA Only)
D3200
Awlfair Surfacing Filler Converter (EU only)
T0170
Awlprep 400 Wax and Grease Remover
D6600
Wash Primer CF Base
T0176
High Build VOC exempt (NA only) Reducer
D7200
Awlfair LW Standard Converter
T0180
Awlspar Spray Reducer
D7222
Awlfair LW Fast Converter
T0190
Awlcraft SE Blending Solution
D8001
545 Epoxy Primer White Base
T0195
Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent
D8002
High Build Off-White Base
T0340
Surface Cleaner / Degreaser (EU only)
D8003
Awlquik Primer Pale Yellow Base
T0200
Awlwood MA Brush Cleaner
D8008
Ultra Build White Base
T0201
Awlwood MA Brushing Reducer
D8016
Quik-Grip Fast Dry Non Sanding Primer Gray Base
T0202
Awlwood MA Spray Reducer
D8200
Awlfair LW White Base
WP101
Awlcoat TPC
D9001
Awlquik Primer Converter
D9002
High Build Yellow Base
E3001
Awlcraft SE Repair Primer
G3010
Awlcat #2 Standard Topcoat Converter for Spray Application
G3013
Flattening Agent for Urethane Topcoats
G3038
Awlcat #4 VOC Exempt Topcoat Converter
H3002
Awlcat #3 Brushing Topcoat Converter
J3005
Awlbrite Clear Base
J3006
Awlbrite Converter
J3630
Awlbrite Semi Gloss Base
Quik-Grip Primer
Quik-Grip Primer
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GLOSSARY OF TERMS
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Ablative Coating: A coating that wears away in service by design.
Awlstar Gold Label Antifouling is an ablative coating.
Checking: Type of failure in which cracks in the film begin at the surface
and progress downward; the result is usually a straight V-shaped crack
which is narrower at the bottom than the top. Checking is a method for
relieving surface stresses. If the underlying surface is exposed, the failure
is called cracking.
Accelerator: Catalyst, a material which accelerates the curing of
certain coatings. Pro-Cure X-98 and X-138 are accelerators for
Awlgrip Topcoats.
Acrylic: Coating based on a polymer containing short chain esters of
acrylic and methacrylic acid. Awlcraft 2000 is an acrylic resin crosslinked with an isocyanate resin (acrylic urethane).
Activator: Term used for the converter or curing agent. A required
component in a coating’s mix.
Additives: Any one of a number of special chemicals added to paint
to bring about special effects; examples are Pro-Cure Accelerator,
Griptex Non-Skid, and Flattening Agent.
Adhesion: The phenomenon by which one material is attached to
another by means of surface attraction.
Adsorption: Process of attraction to a surface; attachment. The
retention of foreign molecules on the surface of a substance.
Air Cap: The structure at the front of a spray nozzle which directs
compressed air against the paint to form and shape an atomized
cloud of droplets.
Airless Spray: System of applying paint in which the paint, under high
pressure, is passed through a nozzle and broken into droplets (i.e.
atomized) when it enters the lower pressure region outside the gun tip.
A much smaller volume of air is used than in conventional air spraying
so that problems of dry spray and paint bounce-back are reduced.
Airless spray is preferred for Hullgard Primers and Awlstar Antifoulings.
Air Spray: System of applying paint in the form of tiny droplets in air;
paint is broken into droplets (i.e. atomized) by a spray gun as a result of
being forced into a high velocity air stream. Shape and paint density of
the resulting droplet cloud can be controlled by air pressure, paint
viscosity, and gun tip geometry. Air spray is preferred for applying
Awlgrip Topcoats.
Atomization: Formation of tiny droplets of liquid as in paint spraying
process; atomization is usually caused by turbulence in an air stream,
or sudden drop in pressure.
Blistering: The formation of hollow bubbles or water droplets in a paint
film; usually caused by the expansion of air or moisture trapped beneath
the film. Blisters can form around salt crystals trapped under a paint film
because salt attracts moisture.
Break-Free Rinse: When the rinse water sheets out over a surface with
no holes, breaks, or ‘pull backs’ after cleaning. This indicates the surface
is clean; free of dirt, wax, grease, oil and other contaminants. Also known
as a water break-free surface.
Catalyst: Chemical used to change the rate of a chemical reaction;
catalyst differs from a converter/curing agent in that the catalyst is not
itself chemically consumed in the reaction while a curing agent is
consumed; technically, catalysts that increase reaction rates are called
accelerators; those which decrease reaction rates are called inhibitors
or retarders. Often used incorrectly to identify converters or co-reactants
in two component coatings. See Converter.
Converter: Co-reactant of the base in a two component coating; often,
but not always transparent, containing only resin and solvent. When the
base and converter are mixed in different volumes, the converter quantity
is usually listed second, after the base quantity. Converters are often
called catalyst, activator or hardener.
Copolymer: In antifouling coatings, an ablative antifouling with the toxin
chemically bound to the polymer.
Corrosion: Decomposition of a metal in contact with its environment.
Coverage: The area a given unit of paint will cover at a specified
thickness.
Curtain Call: The time at which gravity overcomes a coating’s film
forming properties resulting in sags or curtains.
Cross-Linking: Method by which polymers unite to form a protective
film; the method of cure in two component enamels.
Cure: The process by which paint is converted from the liquid to the
solid state.
Curtaining: Sagging.
Dew Point: The temperature at which water vapor condenses from the
air; the dew point varies with relative humidity.
Distinction of Image (DOI): The quality of the reflection in a high–gloss
finish. The mirror effect of the finish.
Dry Film Thickness (DFT): The film thickness of paint after all the
solvent has evaporated from the wet paint.
Dry Spray: Sprayed paint which loses so much solvent in the air that it
becomes too dry to flow out over the surface; dry spray usually has a
lower gloss than the properly sprayed surface.
Drying Time: Time interval between application and final cure.
Dry to Handle: Time interval between application and ability to handle
without damage.
Dry to Recoat: Time interval between application and ability to receive
next coat satisfactorily.
Dry to Touch: Time interval between application and tack-free time.
Enamel: 1. A paint which forms a film by chemical union of its
component molecules during cure; 2. In shop terminology, any paint
which is not a lacquer.
Epoxy: Type of paint, adhesive or plastic noted for high mechanical
strength, good adhesion and resistance to solvents, acids, alkalis and
corrosion. Epoxies do not weather well.
Fairing Compound: Filler putty used to fill surface depressions and
shape forms until they are fair or smooth.
Filler Primer: Heavy paint applied to fill holes or other irregularities in a
surface prior to topcoating.
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GLOSSARY OF TERMS
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Film Build: Dry film thickness characteristics per coat.
Polyurethane: Wide range of possible binder systems with unique
qualities; the aliphatic type is used for the highest quality enamels.
The most durable aliphatic polyurethanes are polyester resins
co-reacted with an isocyanate resin. Awlgrip Topcoats are based on
this chemistry.
Film Thickness Gauge: Device for measuring film thickness above
substrate; dry or wet film thickness gauges are available.
Flash Point: The lowest temperature at which a given flammable
material will flash if a flame or spark is present.
Fluid Needle: The stop/start valve for fluid flow through the fluid tip.
Fluid Tip: Orifice in a spray gun into which a fluid needle is seated.
The paint exits the spray gun at the fluid tip.
Hiding Power: The ability of a paint to mask the color or pattern of
a surface.
High Solids Paint: Coatings that comply with regulations limiting the
amount of volatile (organic solvents) materials in their composition.
High solids coatings are generally more than 50% solids by volume.
321 HS Undercoat is a high solids coating.
Incompatibility: Inability to mix with, or adhere to, another material.
Induction: The time period required for the mixed base and converter
components to cross-link chemically. Products requiring induction
periods before application will not perform as designed without this
waiting period.
Intercoat Adhesion: The ability of each coat of paint to stick to the
preceding coat.
Isocyanate Resins: Resins characterized by NCO grouping.
Isocyanate resins are used in polyurethane converters. Awlcat #2
and Awlcat #3 contain isocyanate resin.
Lacquer: Traditionally a paint which contains a synthetic resin and
forms a film by solvent loss; the film remains susceptible to attack by
the same or similar solvents; there is no chemical reaction or curing
by the polymer.
Lifting: Softening and raising of an undercoat by application of
a topcoat.
Linear Polymer: Polymer containing little or no branching (e.g. high
density polyethylene and nitrocellulose of acrylic lacquers).
Osmosis: Transfer of liquid through a paint film or other membrane.
Overspray: Sprayed paint which misses the area being painted and
falls upon the surrounding surface.
Paint: Material which when applied as a liquid to a surface, forms a
solid film for the purpose of decoration and/or protection; generally a
paint contains a binder(s), solvent(s) and a pigment(s); often other
materials are present to give special properties to the paint film
(e.g. such additives are rust inhibitors, light stabilizers and softening
agents (i.e. plasticizers).
Polyester: Type of paint or plastic containing the chemical group
(RCOOCT). Awlgrip Topcoats are made from polyester resins.
Polymers: Poly – meaning many, mer – meaning units; very large
molecules built up by the combination of many small molecules; they
often consist of many thousands of atoms. Polymers form the
backbone or binder of a coating; often called resin.
Primer: Type of paint applied to a surface to increase its compatibility
for the topcoat or to improve adhesion or the corrosion resistance of
the substrate.
Primer Surfacer: Paint used to prime a surface as well as fill
irregularities.
Profile: Surface contour as viewed from the edge.
Reducer: Solvent added to a coating to reduce the viscosity and/or
alter the dry time. Often called thinner.
Resin: Material, natural or synthetic, contained in varnishes, lacquers
and paints; the film former.
Retarders: A solvent added to a paint to slow down its evaporation
rate; retarders are often esters.
Sheeting Out: When rinse water spreads out over a surface in sheets,
with no holes, breaks or ‘pull backs’. Also known as a water break-free
or break-free surface.
Solids: The resins, pigments and additives that form the permanent
paint film after the volatile (solvents) components have evaporated.
The solids content is expressed as a percentage of the total wet mix.
Low VOC coatings are often referred to as ‘High Solids’.
Solvent: The liquid or blend of liquids used to dissolve or disperse a
paint; a true solvent is a single liquid that can dissolve the paint.
Spray Cap: Front enclosure of a spray gun equipped with atomizing
air holes.
Viscometer: Device for measuring the viscosity of a liquid. Several
types are in use; some measure the time for a bubble to rise, or a ball
to fall through a column of liquid. Others measure the time required for
a given volume of liquid to drain through a standard size hole in the
bottom of a cup.
Viscosity: The property of liquid which enables it to resist flow; a thick
liquid such as molasses has a high viscosity.
Wash Primer: Thin, corrosion inhibiting paint usually chromate
pigmented with a polyvinyl butyrate binder.
Wet Edge: Keeping the paint wet enough when it is applied by brush
so it can be brushed back into without showing lines or demarcations
from one painted area to the next.
Wet Film Thickness (WFT): The thickness of a paint film measured
while it is still wet. Wet film thickness must be measured immediately
after application before any solvent evaporation and the resultant film
shrinkage occur.
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173
MAINTAINING AN AWLGRIP OR
AWLCRAFT 2000 TOPCOAT
continued...
It is difficult for dirt grime and grease to adhere to an Awlgrip or
Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat. However, over time, a build up of dirt, grease
and other contaminants can cause the finish to appear dull.
The mirror-like gloss can be easily maintained by following these
simple rules:
DO:
1. Wash the surface regularly with Awlwash 73234 and water. Regular
cleaning will avoid build up which can slowly attack the topcoat,
prematurely ageing the coating. Use soft, non-abrasive cloths,
sponges or washing mitts when washing.
2. Awlgrip only: Solvents such as Awlprep T0008, Awlprep Plus
T0115, toluene, lacquer thinner, M.E.K., acetone or kerosene may
be used to soften or remove heavy build-ups of grease and grime,
felt tip markings or spray paint on the topcoat.
Awlcraft 2000 only: Use only mild solvents to remove stubborn
stains. Awlprep T0008, mineral spirits, xylene, kerosene and diesel
fuel are acceptable for use on Awlcraft 2000.
Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000: Apply solvents with soft clean cloths.
Wipe up solvent quickly. Do not allow solvent to dry on the surface
or puddle and soak into the surface. Wash these areas with Awlwash
and water to remove solvent residue. When using solvents to remove
stains, test an inconspicuous area first.
3. Always thoroughly rinse surfaces with fresh water after cleaning with
Awlwash or solvents. Latent solvent residue can attack the topcoat,
while detergent residue will attract dirt.
4. Use distilled white vinegar and hot water to remove stubborn salt
stains. Washing with Awlwash after use of vinegar is recommended.
5. Use Awlcare 73240 by hand only to remove mild diesel soot stains.
Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000: Protecting the surface with Awlcare
73240 will help maintain the gloss of Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000.
Awlcare is a hand applied, non-abrasive, synthetic polymer. It will
remove mild stains, water spots and diesel soot while increasing
resistance to attack from acid rain and other pollutants, when applied
regularly. It contains no harsh abrasives. Awlcare leaves a nonyellowing, protective polymer coating which lasts through multiple
washings. Use Awlcare to temporarily seal and restore gloss to
painted surfaces dulled by age or mistreatment.
DO NOT:
1. Do not use traditional waxes.
General: Traditional waxes break down rapidly. The residue can
cause the topcoat to appear yellow, plus it attracts dirt. This creates
the need to maintain the wax, increasing overall maintenance.
Traditional waxes which contain no abrasives probably do little
harm to the coating, but offer no benefit. Awlgrip has developed
Awlcare Protective Polymer Sealer 73240 for those who want to
enhance their finish and need the additional cleaning power of a hand
applied, dry wash product. Awlcare is a non-yellowing sealer that will
protect both Awlgrip and Awlcraft 2000 with regular applications.
Hand applied Awlcare will not harm Awlgrip topcoats and can easily
be removed with Awlprep Plus T0115 (or T0340 Surface Cleaner in
Europe) when it is time to repaint.
Awlgrip Only: Regular applications of Awlcare will help temporarily
seal and restore shine to painted surfaces that have become porous
due to age or mistreatment, helping to maintain a satisfactory
appearance until there is time to repaint.
Awlcraft 2000 Only: Awlcare Protective Polymer Sealer will help
maintain the gloss on Awlcraft 2000 topcoats with regular
applications, especially those which have been buffed or
polished. Remember, Awlcare is only applied and buffed by hand.
Never apply or buff Awlcare with a machine.
2. Do not use abrasives, scratch pads or polishing compounds.
Scratching the surface gives dirt a place to cling while wearing out
the resin layer. Using abrasives of any kind will reduce the overall life
of the finish and voids the Awlgrip Limited Warranty.
3. Do not allow contact between the Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat
and teak cleaners. Most teak cleaners contain acids or caustic agents
that stain and discolor an Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat.
4. Do not allow metal polishes to dry on the surface of Awlgrip or
Awlcraft 2000. Metal polishes may discolor and stain the painted
surface. Metal polishes contain acids. Rainwater and dew running off
metal fittings will spread metal polish residue onto the paint surface
and will etch and dull the paint finish. Washing freshly polished metal
fittings thoroughly with Awlwash and water can help eliminate polish
residue and reduce the metal polish run off.
5. Do not use strong solvents (eg. lacquer thinner, M.E.K., acetone) to
clean Awlcraft 2000, Awlbrite Clear or Awlspar varnish.
6. Do not allow wet equipment (e.g. seat cushions, coils of line, sails, sail
covers, coolers) to trap and hold moisture against Awlgrip Topcoats.
This condition can result in blistering or delamination of the Awlgrip
or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat.
7. Do not use acrylic Teflon® coatings over an Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000
Finish. Use of these coatings void the Awlgrip Limited Warranty.
8. Do not ‘shrink wrap’ or tightly bind Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat
surfaces with plastic wrappings. The cover system, whether synthetic
or natural fiber, should be ventilated to allow the coating system to
‘breathe’. Do not pull the cover tight to the surface painted with
Awlgrip or Awlcraft 2000 Topcoat. This can trap and hold moisture
on the surface, resulting in loss of gloss, blistering, or delamination
of the topcoat. Do not allow the cover to chafe against the painted
surface, a chafing cover, especially when accompanied by airborne
dirt, can abrade the surface and cause premature loss of gloss.
174
APPLICATION GUIDE
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
175
REPAIRING AN AWLCRAFT SE
TOPCOAT
REPAIRING AN AWLCRAFT SE
TOPCOAT continued...
The following guide will take you step-by-step through the
preparation, application and finishing of Awlcraft SE to achieve
a seamless repair.
Note: The Repair Primer does not need to be mixed with reducer or
converter prior to application. It is recommended to use a gravity gun
setup [Tip size: .047–055” (1.2–1.4mm)] to apply the Awlcraft SE Repair
Primer and a lower atomizing pressure than would be used for applying
the standard Awlcraft SE mix.
Awlcraft SE, the revolutionary topcoat encompassing metallics, pearls
and effect pigments, is a fast drying, high opacity formulation that, when
topcoated with Awlcraft 2000 High Gloss Clear (F3029) is not only a high
gloss, robust metallic topcoat system but is also repairable and buffable.
Should the need arise to repair your Awlcraft SE coating system, from
the smallest scratch through to a large scale repair, the following guide will
take you step-by-step through the process resulting in a seamless repair.
It is important that every step in the process is followed as described
or the resultant repair will be visible and require repeating.
Note: Some colors may be harder to repair than others. The following
instructions and application procedures require a degree of application
skill and previous spray application experience.
STEP 1. Preparation:
As with any application or repair, preparation is a key stage in the
process. The area to be repaired, and a large section of area around it,
should be thoroughly cleaned and degreased. Use commercial
detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers. Be sure all detergent
residue is rinsed from the surface. Use Awlgrip Wipe-Down Solvent
(NA/AP: Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) as a final
wipe down of the surface using the Two Cloth Method.
STEP 2. Sanding repair and surrounding area:
Sand the repair area, and the surrounding area. For small repairs
(<6"/15cm) sand approximately 5 times the size of the damaged area.
For larger repairs sand 12–36" (30–92cm) beyond the edge of the
damaged area to allow room for the subsequent coats in the
remaining steps.
Note: If repairing a metallic system, allow a minimum of 8 times the size
of the damaged area for the full repair; if repairing a pearlescent system
allow a minimum of 10 times the size of the damaged area for the
full repair.
Sand the repair area using 400 grit paper, work a second area beyond
the 400 with 800 grit, and sand beyond the 800 grit with 1500 grit out
on to the undamaged paint area. Blow off the surface with clean, dry
compressed air while dry wiping with clean rags to remove sanding dust
and residue. Following removal of the dust and residue, wipe the surface
with (NA/AP: Awlprep 400 T0170; EU: Surface Cleaner T0340) using
the Two Cloth Method.
Note: Care must be taken not to cut through the top coat or other high
spots. Hold the DA flat, turn down the air pressure (slow to medium
speed), and sand using very light pressure.
STEP 3. Application of Awlcraft SE Repair Primer (E3001):
Apply Awlcraft SE Repair Primer (E3001) over the repair area and
to approximately 50% of the size of the total sanded area.
Awlcraft SE Repair Primer should be applied in the same fashion as
the standard Awlcraft SE Basecoat. See Awlcraft SE Application
Guidance document for more details.
TIP:
Using disposable spray pots with all the necessary mixed
products already pre-filled into them will make the job easier
and faster. Simply switch between the disposable pots as
necessary at each step of the repair.
STEP 4. Application of Awlcraft SE Basecoat (standard product):
Once the Awlcraft SE Repair Primer has dried, mix standard
Awlcraft SE Basecoat as per product datasheet. Apply Awlcraft SE
Basecoat over the damaged area only as per normal Awlcraft SE
application techniques.
IMPORTANT:
Full coverage and hide of the damaged area with the Awlcraft SE
Basecoat needs to be achieved before proceeding to step 5.
IMPORTANT:
When applying the Awlcraft SE Basecoat care should be taken
to apply a fully coalesced film, but not over-apply. Always spray
perpendicular to the substrate except when coming to the outer
edge of the area being coated at which point the spray gun
should be pivoted away from the substrate to ‘fade-out’ the
Awlcraft SE Basecoat.
STEP 5a. Mixing of Awlcraft SE Basecoat with Awlcraft SE Blending
Solution (T0190) or Awlcraft SE Basecoat with Awlcraft SE Pearl
Mid-Coat:
CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS:
1. TWO STAGE REPAIR
FOR MOST METALLIC SYSTEMS:
Firstly, prepare a normal mix of standard Awlcraft SE Basecoat as
per product datasheet, but instead use a slower solvent than what
would typically be selected for Awlcraft SE Basecoat applications.
For example, if the typical choice is T001 Fast Spray Solvent, then
instead select T0003 Standard Spray Reducer for the mix reducers
for your application conditions. Once ready, mix 50:50 by volume
with Awlcraft SE Blending Solution (T0190).
2. THREE STAGE REPAIR
FOR PEARL SYSTEMS ONLY:
Awlcraft SE Basecoat (mixed as per datasheet) with Awlcraft SE
Pearl Mid-coat (mixed as per datasheet) allows for easier blending
of the base repairs.
176
APPLICATION GUIDE
REPAIRING AN AWLCRAFT SE
TOPCOAT continued...
Mix 100:50 by volume, or when the base becomes translucent on a
3 second run off on mixing stick, of Awlcraft SE Basecoat mix with
Awlcraft SE Pearl Mid-coat mix. Note: Both products are reduced
and catalyzed before mixing the two to get the blend coat.
STEP 5b. Application of blended Awlcraft SE Basecoat/Awlcraft SE
Blending Solution or Awlcraft SE Basecoat/Awlcraft SE Pearl
Mid-coat.
Once the Awlcraft SE Basecoat has flashed off, apply the mixed
Awlcraft SE Basecoat/Awlcraft SE Blending Solution over the
previously applied area (step 4) and slightly further out. Care should be
taken to not apply the mix over the whole of the previously applied
Awlcraft SE Repair Primer. Depending on the size of the damaged
area, apply the mix from between 50-90% of the Repair Primer layer
area. Apply the blend as per normal Awlcraft SE application
techniques taking care to apply a fully coalesced film, but do not
over-apply. Always spray perpendicular to the substrate except when
coming to the outer edge of the area being coated at which point the
spray gun should be pivoted away from the substrate to "fade-out" the
blended Awlcraft SE Basecoat. The application of the blended
Awlcraft SE Basecoat/Awlcraft SE Blending Solution MUST NOT
extend beyond the area coated in Step 3.
IMPORTANT:
If you are working on a TWO-STAGE REPAIR, skip step 6
(related to applying PEARL SYSTEMS) and proceed to step 7.
TIP:
For best results, we strongly suggest the use of Let Down
Panels prior to step 6.
STEP 6. Application of Pearl Coats:
a. Apply the first coat to the entire (sanded) working area.
b. Apply the second coat of pearl to approximately 50%
of the sanded area.
c. Apply the second coat of pearl to approximately 75%
of the sanded area.
d. Apply the second coat of pearl to approximately 90%
of the sanded area.
Always spray perpendicular to the substrate except when coming to
the outer edge of the area being coated at which point the spray gun
should be pivoted away from the substrate to ‘fade-out’ the blended
Awlcraft SE Basecoat.
STEP 7. Application of Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat (F3029)
Prepare a standard mix of Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat (F3029). Once
the previous coat has dried, apply Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat as per
product datasheet over the damaged area, the Awlcraft SE Repair
Primer (as applied in Step 3) and to about 3” (8cm) from the edge
of the sanded area. Apply the Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat as per
datasheet taking care to apply a full film.
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
177
REPAIRING AN AWLCRAFT SE
TOPCOAT continued...
IMPORTANT:
Apply two coats of F3029; apply 1st coat, allow to flash, apply
second coat and move to steps 9 & 10 while second coat is still
tacky to carry wet edge out further with the second coat slightly
overlapping the first.
STEP 8. Mixing of Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat and Awlcraft SE
Blending Solvent (T0195):
Firstly prepare a normal mix of standard Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat
as per product datasheet using the most suitable reducers for your
application conditions. Once ready, mix this 50:50 by volume with
Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent (T0195).
STEP 9. Application of blended Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat/
Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent:
Apply the above blend over the freshly applied and still tacky Awlcraft
2000 Clearcoat (as per Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat datasheet) to the
outer wet edge of the last coat.
IMPORTANT:
This is one of the most crucial steps in the whole repair
process and is vital for obtaining an invisible repair. Care
must be taken to not go over the edge of the sanded area.
If this occurs the whole repair process will need to be
repeated.
Apply the Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat blend as per normal clearcoat
application taking care to apply a full film.
IMPORTANT:
Carry Out Step 10 IMMEDIATELY
STEP 10. Application of blended Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat/
Awlcraft SE Blending solvent:
While the previous coat is still wet, apply straight (neat) Awlcraft SE
Blending Solvent (T0195) starting ~2–3" (5–8cm) in from the outer
edge of the Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat Blend (step 9) continuing to
apply right over the edge of the clear and to the edge of the sanded
area in order to blend the clear into the existing coating.
IMPORTANT:
Using the same tip and aircap as for all previous applications,
reduce air pressure and fluid feed for the application of the pure
Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent.
As this step involves applying straight solvent take care to not
over-apply or have excessive volumes of solvent on the surface as this
could result in defects from the solvent flowing unevenly across the
repair area.
STEP 11. Final Steps
The above steps should result in a near-invisible repair that may not
require buffing. However, once cured the Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat
can be buffed to further blend in the repair.
178
Notes:
APPLICATION GUIDE
WWW.AWLGRIP.COM
179
REPAIRING AN AWLCRAFT SE
TOPCOAT – CHARTS
The following charts will take you step-by-step through the
preparation, application and finishing of Awlcraft SE to achieve
a seamless repair.
Larger versions of these charts can be downloaded at:
www.awlgrip.com/ProdLit/Awlcraft_SE_Repair_Manual.pdf
COLOR MATCHING TIPS:
Using test panels for color matching
Two Stage Repair:
Spray a panel same as you would doing the boat originally except
add more coats of metallic covering each coat as you go along,
then unmask and clear the whole panel.
By comparing the panel to the original paint job, it will give you a good
idea of how many coats of metallic it will require. For example, if two
coats were originally used on the boat, it may take three to get a
match, which you would not know without a step panel.
Three Stage Repair:
Technical Basics: Let Down Panels
“Let Down” Panels can be utilized as an aid to determine the
approximate number of mid-coat layers needed to achieve a
color match when matching three stage paints.
By comparing the various layers of pearl on the let down panel to an
adjacent panel on the vehicle, a guide for the mid-coat application
can be determined.
Panel Preparation:
1. Apply basecoat foundation color to hiding, then let flash/dry
2. Mask off panel in approximately six equal segments to illustrate
film build variations
3. Apply one single coat of mid-coat
4. Remove the 1st section of masking paper, then:
5. Apply another single coat of mid-coat
6. Repeat above steps until complete panel has been sprayed
with the pearl/mid-coat
7. Flash/dry for 20 minutes, mask off ½ of panel length-wise
and apply F3029 Clearcoat over unmasked side of panel.
8. Lastly, compare the different shades on the let down panel
to the finish and use the appropriate number of pearl coats to
reach the desired color.
180
APPLICATION GUIDE
BUFFING
11
BLEND
10
Once cured - CLEAR may be buffed (if needed)
for further blending
Blend the CLEAR Edge Over Spray with
Blending Solvent (T0195)
STAGE 5
AWLCRAFT SE REPAIR SYSTEM
3 STAGE - PEARL / CANDY
APPLY
9
BUFFING
The steps below should result in a near-invisible repair that may not require buffing. However, once cured the Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat can be buffed to further blend in the repair
2nd Coat of CLEAR (F3029)
MIX
STAGE 4
APPLY
7
MIX
3rd Coat of PEARL
APPLY
2nd Coat of PEARL
7
Apply the Third Coat of Pearl to approximately 75% of the (sanded) area, if needed
6
APPLY
Apply the Second Coat of Pearl to approximately 50% of the entire (sanded) area
APPLY
Apply the First Coat of Pearl to the entire (sanded) working area
MIX
STAGE 2
Mix 100% Base with 50% of T0190,
apply slightly past prior area
2nd Coat of BASE
Apply the Mixed Solution over the previously applied area and
slightly further out (depending on the size of the damage)
5
APPLY
Apply 2nd coat of Base
APPLY
1st Coat of BASE
Apply Awlcraft SE Basecoat
4
over the damaged area only
APPLY
APPLY
Sanding of Repair Area and Surrounding Area
PREP
PREPARATION of Entire Area
SUBSTRATE
STAGE 1
Application of Awlcraft SE Repair Primer (E3001)
SAND
1
Once the previous coat has dried, apply First Coat of standard mix of Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat (F3029) over the damaged area, the Awlcraft SE Repair Primer
APPLY
APPLY
2
8
APPLY
1st Coat of PEARL
3
Apply Second Coat of Clearcoat (F3029) to carry wet edge out further with the second coat slightly overlapping the first
Apply the Fourth Coat of Pearl to approximately 90% of the (sanded) area, if needed
APPLY
4
9
and to about 3” (8cm) from the edge of the sanded area
STAGE 3
APPLY
5
Apply Third Coat of Clearcoat (F3029) REDUCED 50% with Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent (T0195)
APPLY
4th Coat of PEARL
MIX
10
APPLY
1st Coat of CLEAR (F3029)
APPLY
6
While the previous coat is still wet, Blend the clear edge overspray with Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent (T0195)
APPLY
3rd Coat of CLEAR - Reduced 50% with T0195
8
11
BLEND
Apply Awlcraft SE Repair Primer (E3001) over the repair area and to approximately 50% of the size of the total sanded area
3
Sand the repair area, and the surrounding area
2
Prep the area to be repaired, and a large section of area around it, should be thoroughly cleaned and degreased. Use commercial detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers
1
SAND
PREP
Damaged area
of substrate
184
APPLICATION GUIDE
BLEND
10
APPLY
9
Once cured - CLEAR may be buffed (if needed)
for further blending
Blend the CLEAR Edge Over Spray with
Blending Solvent (T0195)
3rd Coat of CLEAR - Reduced 50%
With T0195
APPLY
8
2nd Coat of CLEAR (F3029)
MIX
7
BUFFING
The steps below should result in a near-invisible repair that may not require buffing. However, once cured the Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat can be buffed to further blend in the repair
MIX
6
Mix 100% BASE with 50% of T0190,
apply slightly past prior area
APPLY
2nd Coat of BASE
4
APPLY
MIX
STAGE 2
MIX
SAND
2
Application of Awlcraft SE REPAIR PRIMER
(E3001)
SANDING of Repair Area and
Surrounding Area
PREP
1
PREPARATION of Entire Area
SUBSTRATE
Apply Third Coat of Clearcoat (F3029) REDUCED 50% with Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent (T0195)
9
Apply Second Coat of Clearcoat (F3029) to carry wet edge out further with the second coat slightly overlapping the first
8
Once the previous coat has dried, apply First Coat of standard mix of Awlcraft 2000 Clearcoat (F3029) over the damaged area, the Awlcraft SE Repair Primer
and to about 3” (8cm) from the edge of the sanded area
7
SKIP STEP SIX WHEN REPAIRING METALLIC SYSTEM
6
Apply the Mixed Solution over the previously applied area and
5
APPLY
Apply 2nd coat of Base
APPLY
Apply Awlcraft SE Basecoat
4
over the damaged area only
APPLY
STAGE 1
3
10
slightly further out (depending on the size of the damage)
1st Coat of BASE
APPLY
While the previous coat is still wet, Blend the clear edge overspray with Awlcraft SE Blending Solvent (T0195)
APPLY
1st Coat of CLEAR (F3029)
5
11
BLEND
APPLY
STAGE 3
BUFFING
11
STAGE 4
AWLCRAFT SE REPAIR SYSTEM
2 STAGE - METALLIC
Apply Awlcraft SE Repair Primer (E3001) over the repair area and to approximately 50% of the size of the total sanded area
3
Sand the repair area, and the surrounding area
2
Prep the area to be repaired, and a large section of area around it, should be thoroughly cleaned and degreased. Use commercial detergents, steam cleaners or pressure washers
1
SAND
PREP
Damaged area
of substrate
APPLICATION GUIDE
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