HMC-APH473
HMC-APH473
v02.0208
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
3
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 37 - 40 GHz
Typical Applications
Features
This HMC-APH473 is ideal for:
Output IP3: +37 dBm
• Point-to-Point Radios
P1dB: +28 dBm
• Point-to-Multi-Point Radios
Gain: 15 dB
• VSAT
Supply Voltage: +5V
• Military & Space
50 Ohm Matched Input/Output
Die Size: 3.59 x 1.26 x 0.1 mm
General Description
Functional Diagram
The HMC-APH473 is a two stage GaAs HEMT
MMIC 0.6 Watt Power Amplifier which operates
between 37 and 40 GHz.
The HMC-APH473
provides 15 dB of gain, and an output power of
+28 dBm at 1 dB compression from a +5V supply
voltage. All bond pads and the die backside are Ti/Au
metallized and the amplifier device is fully passivated
for reliable operation. The HMC-APH473 GaAs
HEMT MMIC 1 Watt Power Amplifier is compatible
with conventional die attach methods, as well as
thermocompression and thermosonic wire bonding,
making it ideal for MCM and hybrid microcircuit
applications. All data shown herein is measured with
the chip in a 50 Ohm environment and contacted with
RF probes.
Electrical Specifi cations [1] , TA = +25° C, Vdd1 = Vdd2 = 5V, Idd1 + Idd2 = 1080 mA [2]
Parameter
Min.
Frequency Range
Gain
11
Typ.
Max.
GHz
15
dB
Input Return Loss
10
dB
Output Return Loss
14
dB
Output power for 1dB Compression (P1dB)
28
dBm
Output Third Order Intercept (IP3)
37
dBm
1080
mA
Supply Current (Idd1+Idd2)
[1] Unless otherwise indicated, all measurements are from probed die
[2] Adjust Vgg1=Vgg2 between -1V to +0.3V (typ. -0.5V) to achieve Idd total = 1080 mA
3 - 182
Units
37 - 40
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
HMC-APH473
v02.0208
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 37 - 40 GHz
Fixtured Power vs. Frequency
20
40
18
38
16
14
36
3
[email protected]/Tone
P1dB
34
32
30
12
28
10
26
8
36
37
38
39
40
36
41
37
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Input Return Loss vs. Frequency
38
39
40
41
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Output Return Loss vs. Frequency
0
0
RETURN LOSS (dB)
RETURN LOSS (dB)
-5
-5
-10
-15
-10
-15
-20
-25
-20
-30
36
37
38
39
FREQUENCY (GHz)
40
41
36
37
38
39
40
FREQUENCY (GHz)
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
41
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
POUT (dBm)
GAIN (dB)
Fixtured Gain vs. Frequency
3 - 183
HMC-APH473
v02.0208
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 37 - 40 GHz
Absolute Maximum Ratings
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
3
Drain Bias Voltage
+5.5 Vdc
Gate Bias Voltage
-1 to +0.3 Vdc
Drain Bias Current (Idd1)
600 mA
Drain Bias Current (Idd2)
600 mA
RF Input Power
19 dBm
Thermal Resistance
(Channel to die bottom)
25.8 °C/W
Storage Temperature
-65 to 150 °C
Channel Temperature
180 °C
Outline Drawing
Die Packaging Information [1]
Standard
Alternate
WP - 23
[2]
[1] Refer to the “Packaging Information” section for die
packaging dimensions.
[2] For alternate packaging information contact Hittite
Microwave Corporation.
3 - 184
ELECTROSTATIC SENSITIVE DEVICE
OBSERVE HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
NOTES:
1. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES [MM].
2. TYPICAL BOND PAD IS .004” SQUARE.
3. BACKSIDE METALLIZATION: GOLD.
4. BACKSIDE METAL IS GROUND.
5. BOND PAD METALLIZATION: GOLD.
6. CONNECTION NOT REQUIRED FOR UNLABELED BOND PADS.
7. OVERALL DIE SIZE ±.002”
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
HMC-APH473
v02.0208
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 37 - 40 GHz
Pad Descriptions
Function
Description
1
RFIN
This pad is AC coupled and matched to
50 Ohms.
2
RFOUT
This pad is AC coupled and matched to
50 Ohms.
3, 5
Vdd1, Vdd2
Power Supply Voltage for the amplifier. See assembly for
required external components.
4, 6
Vgg1, Vgg2
Gate control for amplifier. Please follow “MMIC Amplifier
Biasing Procedure” application note. See assembly for
required external components.
Die Bottom
GND
Die bottom must be connected to RF/DC ground.
Interface Schematic
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
3
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
Pad Number
3 - 185
HMC-APH473
v02.0208
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 37 - 40 GHz
Assembly Diagram
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
3
3 - 186
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
HMC-APH473
v02.0208
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 37 - 40 GHz
Mounting & Bonding Techniques for Millimeterwave GaAs MMICs
50 Ohm Microstrip transmission lines on 0.127mm (5 mil) thick alumina
thin film substrates are recommended for bringing RF to and from the chip
(Figure 1). If 0.254mm (10 mil) thick alumina thin film substrates must be
used, the die should be raised 0.150mm (6 mils) so that the surface of
the die is coplanar with the surface of the substrate. One way to accomplish this is to attach the 0.102mm (4 mil) thick die to a 0.150mm (6 mil)
thick molybdenum heat spreader (moly-tab) which is then attached to the
ground plane (Figure 2).
0.102mm (0.004”) Thick GaAs MMIC
Ribbon Bond
RF Ground Plane
Microstrip substrates should be placed as close to the die as possible in
order to minimize bond wire length. Typical die-to-substrate spacing is
0.076mm to 0.152 mm (3 to 6 mils).
Handling Precautions
Follow these precautions to avoid permanent damage.
Storage: All bare die are placed in either Waffle or Gel based ESD protective containers, and then sealed in an ESD protective bag for shipment.
Once the sealed ESD protective bag has been opened, all die should be
stored in a dry nitrogen environment.
Cleanliness: Handle the chips in a clean environment. DO NOT attempt
to clean the chip using liquid cleaning systems.
Static Sensitivity:
strikes.
3
0.076mm
(0.003”)
0.127mm (0.005”) Thick Alumina
Thin Film Substrate
Figure 1.
0.102mm (0.004”) Thick GaAs MMIC
Ribbon Bond
0.076mm
(0.003”)
RF Ground Plane
Follow ESD precautions to protect against ESD
Transients: Suppress instrument and bias supply transients while bias is
applied. Use shielded signal and bias cables to minimize inductive pickup.
0.150mm (0.005”) Thick
Moly Tab
0.254mm (0.010” Thick Alumina
Thin Film Substrate
Figure 2.
General Handling: Handle the chip along the edges with a vacuum collet or with a sharp pair of bent tweezers. The
surface of the chip has fragile air bridges and should not be touched with vacuum collet, tweezers, or fingers.
Mounting
The chip is back-metallized and can be die mounted with AuSn eutectic preforms or with electrically conductive epoxy.
The mounting surface should be clean and flat.
Eutectic Die Attach: A 80/20 gold tin preform is recommended with a work surface temperature of 255 °C and a tool
temperature of 265 °C. When hot 90/10 nitrogen/hydrogen gas is applied, tool tip temperature should be 290 °C. DO
NOT expose the chip to a temperature greater than 320 °C for more than 20 seconds. No more than 3 seconds of
scrubbing should be required for attachment.
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
The die should be attached directly to the ground plane eutectically or with
conductive epoxy (see HMC general Handling, Mounting, Bonding Note).
Epoxy Die Attach: Apply a minimum amount of epoxy to the mounting surface so that a thin epoxy fillet is observed
around the perimeter of the chip once it is placed into position. Cure epoxy per the manufacturer’s schedule.
Wire Bonding
RF bonds made with 0.003” x 0.0005” ribbon are recommended. These bonds should be thermosonically bonded
with a force of 40-60 grams. DC bonds of 0.001” (0.025 mm) diameter, thermosonically bonded, are recommended.
Ball bonds should be made with a force of 40-50 grams and wedge bonds at 18-22 grams. All bonds should be made
with a nominal stage temperature of 150 °C. A minimum amount of ultrasonic energy should be applied to achieve
reliable bonds. All bonds should be as short as possible, less than 12 mils (0.31 mm).
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
3 - 187
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