HMC-APH478
HMC-APH478
v01.0108
3
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 18 - 20 GHz
Typical Applications
Features
This HMC-APH478 is ideal for:
Output IP3: +38.5 dBm
• Point-to-Point Radios
P1dB: +30 dBm
• Point-to-Multi-Point Radios
Gain: 17.5 dB
• Military & Space
Supply Voltage: +5V
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
50 Ohm Matched Input/Output
Die Size: 3.92 x 1.28 x 0.1 mm
General Description
Functional Diagram
The HMC-APH478 is a two stage GaAs HEMT MMIC 1
Watt Power Amplifier which operates between 18 and
20 GHz. The HMC-APH478 provides 17.5 dB of gain,
and an output power of +30 dBm at 1 dB compression
from a +5V supply voltage. All bond pads and the die
backside are Ti/Au metallized and the amplifier device
is fully passivated for reliable operation. The HMCAPH478 GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 Watt Power Amplifier
is compatible with conventional die attach methods,
as well as thermocompression and thermosonic
wire bonding, making it ideal for MCM and hybrid
microcircuit applications. All data Shown herein is
measured with the chip in a 50 Ohm environment and
contacted with RF probes.
Electrical Specifi cations, TA = +25° C, Vdd1 = Vdd2 = 5V, Idd1 + Idd2 = 900 mA [2]
Parameter
Min.
Frequency Range
Gain
Typ.
Max.
18 - 20
16
Input Return Loss
Output Return Loss
GHz
17.5
dB
8
dB
5
dB
30
dBm
Output Third Order Intercept (IP3)
38.5
dBm
Supply Current (Idd1+Idd2)
900
mA
Output power for 1dB Compression (P1dB)
28.5
[1] Unless otherwise indicated, all measurements are from probed die
[2] Adjust Vgg1=Vgg2 between -1V to +0.3V (typ. -0.5V) to achieve Idd1 = 300 mA, Idd2 = 600 mA
3 - 172
Units
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
HMC-APH478
v01.0108
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 18 - 20 GHz
Fixtured Pout vs. Frequency
Linear Gain vs. Frequency
20
40
38
16
14
3
P1dB
P3dB
OIP3
36
34
32
12
30
10
28
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
18
19
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Input Return Loss vs. Frequency
21
22
Output Return Loss vs. Frequency
0
0
-4
-5
RETURN LOSS (dB)
RETURN LOSS (dB)
20
FREQUENCY (GHz)
-8
-12
-16
-10
-15
-20
-20
-25
16
17
18
19
20
FREQUENCY (GHz)
21
22
23
16
17
18
19
20
21
FREQUENCY (GHz)
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
22
23
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
POUT (dBm)
GAIN (dB)
18
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HMC-APH478
v01.0108
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 18 - 20 GHz
Absolute Maximum Ratings
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
3
Drain Bias Voltage
+5.5 Vdc
Gate Bias Voltage
-1 to +0.3 Vdc
Drain Bias Current (Stage 1)
330 mA
Drain Bias Current (Stage 2)
660 mA
RF Input Power
13 dBm
Thermal Resistance
(Channel to die bottom)
32.7 °C/W
Storage Temperature
-65 to +150 °C
Channel Temperature
180 °C
ELECTROSTATIC SENSITIVE DEVICE
OBSERVE HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
Outline Drawing
Die Packaging Information [1]
Standard
Alternate
WP - 23
[2]
NOTES:
1. ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES [MM].
2. TYPICAL BOND PAD IS .004” SQUARE.
3. BACKSIDE METALLIZATION: GOLD.
[1] Refer to the “Packaging Information” section for die
packaging dimensions.
[2] For alternate packaging information contact Hittite
Microwave Corporation.
3 - 174
4. BACKSIDE METAL IS GROUND.
5. BOND PAD METALLIZATION: GOLD.
6. CONNECTION NOT REQUIRED FOR UNLABELED BOND PADS.
7. OVERALL DIE SIZE ±.002”
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
HMC-APH478
v01.0108
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 18 - 20 GHz
Pad Descriptions
Function
Description
1
RFIN
This pad is AC coupled and matched to
50 Ohms.
2
RFOUT
This pad is AC coupled and matched to
50 Ohms.
3, 5
Vdd1, Vdd2
Power Supply Voltage for the amplifier. See assembly
for required external components.
4, 6
Vgg1, Vgg2
Gate control for amplifier. Please follow “MMIC
Amplifier Biasing Procedure” application note. See
assembly for required external components.
Die Bottom
GND
Die bottom must be connected to RF/DC ground.
Interface Schematic
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
3
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
Pad Number
3 - 175
HMC-APH478
v01.0108
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 18 - 20 GHz
Assembly Diagram
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
3
3 - 176
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
HMC-APH478
v01.0108
GaAs HEMT MMIC 1 WATT POWER
AMPLIFIER, 18 - 20 GHz
Mounting & Bonding Techniques for Millimeterwave GaAs MMICs
50 Ohm Microstrip transmission lines on 0.127mm (5 mil) thick alumina
thin film substrates are recommended for bringing RF to and from the chip
(Figure 1). If 0.254mm (10 mil) thick alumina thin film substrates must be
used, the die should be raised 0.150mm (6 mils) so that the surface of
the die is coplanar with the surface of the substrate. One way to accomplish this is to attach the 0.102mm (4 mil) thick die to a 0.150mm (6 mil)
thick molybdenum heat spreader (moly-tab) which is then attached to the
ground plane (Figure 2).
0.102mm (0.004”) Thick GaAs MMIC
Ribbon Bond
0.076mm
(0.003”)
RF Ground Plane
Microstrip substrates should be placed as close to the die as possible in
order to minimize bond wire length. Typical die-to-substrate spacing is
0.076mm to 0.152 mm (3 to 6 mils).
Handling Precautions
Follow these precautions to avoid permanent damage.
Storage: All bare die are placed in either Waffle or Gel based ESD protective containers, and then sealed in an ESD protective bag for shipment.
Once the sealed ESD protective bag has been opened, all die should be
stored in a dry nitrogen environment.
Cleanliness: Handle the chips in a clean environment. DO NOT attempt
to clean the chip using liquid cleaning systems.
Static Sensitivity:
strikes.
3
0.127mm (0.005”) Thick Alumina
Thin Film Substrate
Figure 1.
0.102mm (0.004”) Thick GaAs MMIC
Ribbon Bond
0.076mm
(0.003”)
RF Ground Plane
Follow ESD precautions to protect against ESD
Transients: Suppress instrument and bias supply transients while bias
is applied. Use shielded signal and bias cables to minimize inductive
pick-up.
0.150mm (0.005”) Thick
Moly Tab
0.254mm (0.010” Thick Alumina
Thin Film Substrate
Figure 2.
General Handling: Handle the chip along the edges with a vacuum collet or with a sharp pair of bent tweezers. The
surface of the chip has fragile air bridges and should not be touched with vacuum collet, tweezers, or fingers.
Mounting
The chip is back-metallized and can be die mounted with AuSn eutectic preforms or with electrically conductive epoxy.
The mounting surface should be clean and flat.
Eutectic Die Attach: A 80/20 gold tin preform is recommended with a work surface temperature of 255 °C and a tool
temperature of 265 °C. When hot 90/10 nitrogen/hydrogen gas is applied, tool tip temperature should be 290 °C. DO
NOT expose the chip to a temperature greater than 320 °C for more than 20 seconds. No more than 3 seconds of
scrubbing should be required for attachment.
LINEAR & POWER AMPLIFIERS - CHIP
The die should be attached directly to the ground plane eutectically or with
conductive epoxy (see HMC general Handling, Mounting, Bonding Note).
Epoxy Die Attach: Apply a minimum amount of epoxy to the mounting surface so that a thin epoxy fillet is observed
around the perimeter of the chip once it is placed into position. Cure epoxy per the manufacturer’s schedule.
Wire Bonding
RF bonds made with 0.003” x 0.0005” ribbon are recommended. These bonds should be thermosonically bonded
with a force of 40-60 grams. DC bonds of 0.001” (0.025 mm) diameter, thermosonically bonded, are recommended.
Ball bonds should be made with a force of 40-50 grams and wedge bonds at 18-22 grams. All bonds should be made
with a nominal stage temperature of 150 °C. A minimum amount of ultrasonic energy should be applied to achieve
reliable bonds. All bonds should be as short as possible, less than 12 mils (0.31 mm).
For price, delivery, and to place orders, please contact Hittite Microwave Corporation:
20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824 Phone: 978-250-3343 Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
3 - 177
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