ATI Technologies | Lawn Mower | Operating instructions | ATI Technologies Lawn Mower Operating instructions

Jupiter ATI Series 5 Mower Grinder
Operation and Maintenance Manual
Hunter Grinders Limited,
Delta Works, Hobson Industrial Estate, Burnopfield,
Newcastle upon Tyne, NE16 6EA
Tel: +44 (0) 1207 270316
Fax: +44 (0) 1207 270312
Website: www.huntergrinders.com
E-mail: enquiries@huntergrinders.com
Issue 1
Contents
Section 1 – Safety – General safety precautions
Grinding safety precautions
Safe operation of machine
3
4
4
Section 2 - Declaration of conformity
5
Section 3 - Grinding machine overview
Description of features
Identification of machine
Machine installation requirements
Machine specification
6
6
8
8
8
Section 4 – Operating instructions
Cylinder preparation and mounting - without frame
Cylinder preparation and mounting - in-situ in frame
3 inch wheel-head attachment
ATI controller programming
Relief angle grinding preparation
Setting the finger guide height
Setting the traverse limit switch end stops
Setting the grinding head infeed rate (depth of cut)
Relief angle grinding
Spin grinding
Bottom blade preparation and mounting
Setting the top face of the bottom blade
Grinding the top face of the bottom blade
Setting the front face of the bottom blade
Grinding the front face of the bottom blade
Removing the bottom blade from the machine
Suggested angles for bottom blades
9
9
14
14
15
19
20/51
22
25
26
28
30
35
37
38
39
39
40
Section 5 – Grinding wheel maintenance
Dressing the side of the wheel
Diamond dressing – Truing the front face of grinding wheel
Truing the side face of the grinding wheel
Grinding wheel replacement
Balancing the grinding wheel
41
41
42
44
46
47
Section 6 - General machine maintenance
Setting finger guide height
49
51/21
Section 7 – Mounting information
Bearing Adapters – cylinder out of frame
Cylinders mounted within frames
Drivers required for cylinder spinning
53
53
56
59
Section 8 – Machine drawings and parts lists
62
Section 9 – Electrical drawings and parts lists
75
Section 10 – Risk assessment
81
2
SECTION 1 - SAFETY
General Safety Precautions
WARNING! Read these safety instructions before using the equipment
Never use this equipment unless properly trained and authorised. Keep children
away from the work area.
Eye protection manufactured to the current European Safety Standards must be
worn when operating this equipment. Everyday glasses do not have impact
resistant lenses, and are not safety glasses.
Always check for damage before using this equipment. Any damage should be
properly repaired. Until the damage has been repaired the equipment must be
isolated to prevent use.
Always ensure that all safety guarding in place, and free from damage. Do not
alter guarding.
Always ensure that adequate lighting is available. Ensure that the lighting is
adjusted so that the work area is not in shadow.
Always use a face or dust mask if the operation is particularly dusty.
Always isolate the equipment from the power supply before servicing and when
changing accessories.
Should access to the main electrical control box be required, the machine must
be isolated from the mains power supply. Under no circumstances enter the
control box with the power connected as this could result in electric shock.
Do not use the equipment in damp or wet locations or if exposed to rain.
Do not use if exposed to an explosive atmosphere, such as paint or solvent
fumes, or flammable liquids.
Always keep the work area clean and clear.
Always wear the proper apparel. Secure loose clothing and jewellery. Wear a
protective hat to contain long hair.
Never operate the equipment whilst under the influence of drugs, alcohol or
certain medications.
Do not use the equipment for any other purpose than that for which it was
designed.
Always switch off the equipment in the event of excessive vibration, and
investigate the cause before proceeding.
Avoid prolonged contact with cooling fluids and lubricants. Wear suitable gloves
or use barrier creams to limit contact. Discontinue use and seek medical advice if
skin irritation is caused.
After switching off, always allow sufficient time for the grinding wheel to stop
before touching.
Never place hands on or near the grinding wheel when it is rotating.
Never touch the cylinder, drive mechanism, or motor hand wheel when they are
rotating.
3
Always wear suitable gloves when handling cylinders and bottom blades,
especially when they have been sharpened
Grinding Safety Precautions
Eye protection manufactured to the current European Safety Standards must be
worn when operating this equipment. Everyday glasses do not have impact
resistant lenses, and are not safety glasses.
Grinding wheel dressing, truing and replacement should only be carried out by
operators correctly trained in the safe use of abrasive wheels as detailed in the
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER 98)
Always replace a cracked wheel immediately.
Never operate without the wheel guarding in place.
Do not remove the wheel guard except when replacing a wheel or carrying out
maintenance.
Always use a grinding wheel suitable for the speed of the grinder. Replacement
wheels should be approved for their purpose.
Do not over stress the grinding wheel.
After switching off, always allow sufficient time for the grinding wheel to stop
before touching.
When grinding is complete always switch off the machine and wait until the
grinding wheel has come to a complete stop before removing the cylinder or
bottom blade from the machine.
Safe Operation of Machine
The machine has been designed to function in a safe manner. The guard system and
emergency stops are interlocked to disconnect all drives. Operation of the emergency
stops or opening of the access doors will bring all drives to an immediate and complete
stop.
Removal of the front guard will disable the spin drive only all other drives will remain
operational and can be used as normal. The front guard MUST be in place in order for
the spin drive to operate.
The rear guard is not interlocked however and is held in place by two M10 studs and
nuts. This guard needs to be removed if you are to grind units in-situ.
The rear guard MUST be in place and the nuts fully tightened it you intend to grind
cylinders out of the mower. As the rear guard is not interlocked it is the sole
responsibility of the operator to ensure the guard is fitted correctly in accordance with
this instruction.
4
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
Certificate of Incorporation: 93/44/EEC
Standards used:
EN 60 204-1 (1993)
EN 5304 (1988)
BS 7671 (1992)
Safety of Machinery
– Electrical equipment of machines
Safety of Machinery
– Terminology, methodology and specifications
Safety of Machinery
– Emergency stop equipment, functional aspects
Safety of Machinery
IEE Wiring Regulations – Sixteenth Edition
Description of Product:
Cylinder & Bottom Blade Grinding Machine.
Name; type or model:
Jupiter ATI Series 5
EN 292/1 and 2 (1991)
EN 418 (1992)
Declaration
I declare that as the Authorised Representative, the above information in relation to the
supply/manufacture of this product is in conformity with the stated standards and other
related documentation following the provisions of 93/44/EEC directives.
Signed:
Keith Cann-Evans
Managing Director, Hunter Grinders Ltd
Unit Q, Hobson Industrial Estate, Burnopfield, Newcastle upon Tyne NE16 6EA, United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 (0) 1207 270316 Facsimile: +44 (0) 1207 270312
5
SECTION 3 - GRINDING MACHINE OVERVIEW
Please note there will be a number of references/descriptions in this manual
which you may not be familiar with, these are as follows.
Cylinder: meaning Reel.
Bottom blade: meaning Bed-knife.
In-situ: meaning Cylinder/Reel still mounted in its frame.
Out of situ: meaning Cylinder/Reel removed from its frame.
Cutting unit: meaning the complete cutting head (cylinder/reel still mounted in its
frame).
Hand-mower: meaning Pedestrian mower or Walk behind mower.
Description of features
The Jupiter Series 5 cylinder and bottom blade grinder is capable of grinding in both
‘spin’ and ‘relief’ modes. Spin grinding is completely automatic and involves grinding the
blade faces into the form of a true cylinder. Relief grinding requires an operator but
turns out superior results and the quality of cut lasts longer. The blade face is angled
away from the cutting edge to give a true shearing action. Bottom blade grinding is semi
automatic. The Jupiter is capable of grinding most mower cylinders from the smallest
domestic unit up to the largest 42 inch professional cylinders mounted either in or out of
the mower frame.
The ATI (automatic indexing) version of the Jupiter grinding machine allows automatic
cylinder relief grinding. It is used primarily to control the operation of the indexing motor
in conjunction with traversing the grinding head. When set up, the machine will traverse
the grinding head along the cylinder, grinding the blade, then index the cylinder to the
next blade and resume the grinding process, repeating for all blades and feeding the
grinding wheel towards the cylinder as required.
The base of the unit houses a one-piece cast iron bed to give strength and durability,
and reduce the effects of shock and vibration. All bearing surfaces are precision
machined to give exceptional accuracy.
Quick change mounting brackets positioned on the machine bed allow fast and simple
transfer of cutting units and are easily adjustable for varying mower sizes and formats.
The unit is supplied with a tank mounted coolant pump to supply coolant to the cutting
area, preventing localised heating and distortion of the blade. The coolant also
minimises the release of grinding dust into the atmosphere.
A fully tested electric hoist, with a 200 kilogram safe working load, is mounted over the
unit for ease of lifting heavy components. The design of the hoist support frame allows it
to be swung out over the area in front of the grinder. Twin halogen lights mounted on
the hoist frame illuminate the work area.
The Jupiter/ATI comes complete with fully interlocked guarding for the safety of the
operator.
6
All Hunter grinding machines are installed by fully qualified engineers from Hunter
Grinders Ltd.
All purchasers of our machines are trained for the safe and correct use of our grinding
machines.
A full set of comprehensive instructions are provided with each machine on delivery and
installation.
Handling of grinding machines: Normally carried out by Hunter Grinders Ltd. If you wish
to re-site your grinding machine, contact Hunter Grinders Ltd for help or advice.
Correct use of the machine as outlined in the comprehensive instructions. In the case of
any misuse of grinding machines, Hunter Grinders Ltd will NOT BE LIABLE should any
accident occur.
The maintenance of the grinding machine is detailed in this document, but regular
maintenance can be carried out by one of Hunter Grinders Ltd qualified service
engineers. Contact Hunter grinders on 01207 270316 for all your servicing
requirements.
Training: The grinding machine must only be operated by trained personnel.
Certificated training and retraining of operatives can be arranged with Hunter Grinders
Ltd. If unsure of any procedures outlined in these instructions, please contact Hunter
Grinders who are able to offer advice, help and training in all aspects of the equipment.
Always follow the safety features as outlined in the instructions. Eye and
ear protection must be worn at all times when operating the grinding machines.
For any further information or spare parts contact, Hunter Grinders Ltd.
7
Identification of Machine
Customer:
Machine Type:
Jupiter ATI Series 5
Serial Number:
The machine to which this manual refers can be identified by the serial number plate
attached to the machine.
Machine Installation Requirements
Electrical Supply:
Compressed air supply:
Positioning:
240VAC Single Phase, Neutral and Earth
13amp 50/60Hertz
13 amp fuse required
Not required
On a firm level floor, sited indoors
Machine Specification
The machine is designed to spin and relief grind lawn mower cylinders, either in or out
of the mower frame, and also grind front and top edges of bottom blades.
Grinding wheel size: 229mm x 32mm x 90mm
Rotational speed: 2810 Rpm
Grinding motor rating: 1.1 KW
Traversing motor rating: 90 W
Spin motor rating: 0.24 KW
Please note that the details and specifications contained herein are correct at the time
of going to print. Hunter Grinders Limited reserves the right to change specifications at
any time without prior notice.
8
SECTION 4 - OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Cylinder preparation and mounting - without frame
Ensure that the grinding machine power is switched off to prevent accidental
start-up
Before grinding an out of situ cylinder (not mounted in a mower frame), check the
overall condition. Bent spirals must be straightened. Spirals that have been repaired by
welding should have any projecting welds ground back away from the cutting edge.
Check that the spirals have not been badly worn or previously ground close to the
mounting webs.
Check that the cylinder shafts are in good condition, particularly the bearing mounting
areas. Clean off any burrs, scores or corrosion using a fine abrasive tape.
Lightly oil the shafts and fit the appropriate bearing adaptor. These can be identified
using the tables in section 7. Contact Hunter Grinders for additional adaptors or for help
in identification. The bearing sides of the adaptors should face inwards, fully on the
shaft and flush with the shoulder. Do not use a hammer or other hard object to drive the
adaptors onto the shafts as this will cause damage resulting in the incorrect fit within the
machine tailstocks and inaccurate grinding. Use a soft faced mallet or tubular drift.
Mount the cylinder with the bearing adaptors between the tailstocks. Check that the
rotation of the cylinder is in the correct direction. When viewing the cylinder from the
operator’s side of the machine, the “mowing” rotational direction is downwards. See
figure 1 below. The cutting edge should be on the lower spiral face.
Figure 1 – Direction of cylinder rotation viewed from the front of the grinding machine
Secure the bearing adaptors in the tailstocks by tightening the top nut and fix the
tailstocks to the machine bed so that the cylinder is roughly central within the machine.
Check that the cylinder is free to rotate.
In figure 1, the cylinder spiral has the leading edge and the cylinder drive point on the
right hand side. This will dictate that the spin motor is fitted to the right of the cylinder.
Fit the appropriate spin driver to the cylinder drive shaft and secure it in position. This
will allow attachment of the spin driver motor to the cylinder. Various options are
available to do this. The two pin spin driving system is shown (fig 2 & 3) . The two
halves engage when brought together.
9
Figure 2 - Spin drive coupling
cylinder side
Figure 3 - Spin drive coupling
spin motor side
Alternatively, a flexible coupling is available with adaptors for clamping to the cylinder
drive shaft (fig 4).
Pivot points
Figure 4 – Flexible coupling
Figure 5 – Spin motor adjustment
Contact Hunter Grinders for advice on connecting the spin driver to the cylinder and for
details of other drive options.
A drive shaft extends from both sides of the spin motor so that it can be used at either
the right or left of the cylinder. Mount the motorised spin driver adjacent to the drive end
of the cylinder. For larger cylinders it may be necessary to position the mounted cylinder
closer to one end of the grinding machine to give sufficient space for the spin motor to
be mounted.
The motor is mounted on a pivoting system so that the shaft can be aligned with the
cylinder. Figure 5 shows the motor arranged for right hand mounting and indicates the
pivot points. Support the motor and slacken the pivot clamps. Move the centre of the
motor shaft to line up with the centre of the cylinder shaft. Tighten the motor in position.
Fit the appropriate drive mechanism between the motor and cylinder and engage the
two shafts. Tighten all clamps.
10
Flexi drive
coupling
Hand wheel
3 pin driver
Figure 6 – Spin motor with flexible coupling and 3 pin driver fitted to the left hand side and
hand wheel mounted on the right hand side.
You can mount the hand wheel to the other side of the motor shaft. This will allow easy
un-powered rotation of the cylinder.
11
Cylinder preparation and mounting - in-situ in frame
Ensure that the grinding machine power is switched off to prevent accidental
start-up
Before grinding a cylinder in-situ, check the overall condition. Bent spirals must be
straightened. Spirals that have been repaired by welding should have any projecting
welds ground back away from the cutting edge.
Check that the spirals have not been badly worn or previously ground close to the
mounting webs.
Remove the bottom blade and any rollers or groomers which impede the grinder’s
access.
Wind the cylinder adjusters to position the cylinder in the mower frame so that the
blades are more easily accessed by the grinding wheel.
Identify suitable mounting points on the sides of the mower frame. Typically these will
be two in-line bedknife mounting holes and these will be used to mount the frame
between centres fitted to the tailstocks – see figures 7 and 8 below. The correct
mounting brackets for each mower model are listed in section 7. Contact Hunter
Grinders for further information and guidance on frame mounting equipment.
One of the two mounting brackets has front-to-rear adjustment (figure 7) so that the
cylinder can be set parallel to the grinding machine.
Figure 7 – Adjustable mounting bracket
located in the side of the mower frame
Figure 8 – Fixed mounting bracket
viewed from the rear of the machine
Using the hoist and suitable lifting chains or straps, lift the mower frame over the
grinding machine so that the rear of the frame is lowest and the lower face of the frame
is towards the operator.
Details of alternative universal mounting brackets can be found in section 7 along
with information on mounting hand mowers.
Locate and fix the frame between the tailstocks and secure the frame in an upright
position using the grab arms attached to the rear rail of the machine. (figs 10 &11)
12
Figure 9 – Mounting detail of frame showing fixed tailstock and alternative drive arrangement
The 3 finger grab arms are very versatile and can be used to grab & hold the unit in a
number of different ways. Wherever possible try to grab on the units frame. When
secure, remove the lifting chains or straps and move the hoist out of the working area.
Release this
knob when
adjusting unit
Figure 10 – Grab arm securing frame
viewed from the rear of the machine
Figure 11 – Grab arm attached to the
mower height adjuster
The cylinder must now be set parallel to the grinding machine bed. This is done using a
depth stop located at the side of the grinding head. Push the depth bar through the
mounting pillar until it touches the cylinder centre shaft at one end of the cylinder. The
grinding head should be adjusted up or down to suit, using the hand wheel on the top.
Point the depth bar as close to the centre of the cylinder as possible – see figure 12.
Lock the collar on the depth bar and withdraw from the cylinder blades.
Move the grinding head to the other end of the cylinder – the traverse must be
disengaged to allow free movement – see figure 13 for the correct traverse lever
position. Push the depth bar towards the cylinder centre and assess how far out of
parallel the cylinder is. Using the mowers own adjusters, or the adjustable mounting
bracket (figure 7) set the cylinder parallel to the grinder. Continue to check each end of
the cylinder and adjust until parallel. Check also that the height of the cylinder centre
from the machine bed is equal at each end by judging the vertical alignment of the
depth bar. (When using the adjustable mounting point you must first release the
grab arm locking knob located at the same side (fig 10), this is essential to allow the
unit to move, remembering to tighten again once the unit has been adjusted).
13
Depth stop
must be level
Collar
Figure 12 – Depth stop in position touching
the centre of the cylinder shaft
Figure 13 – Traverse lever in disengaged
position
Remove the depth stop. If not already done disconnect or release any drive to the
cylinder so that it can revolve freely in its own bearings.
Fine tune the parallelism of the cylinder and check for any high spirals by bringing the
stationary grinding wheel up to the blades. Rock the cylinder gently past the grinding
wheel with the wheel barely touching. If a high spiral is detected identify it clearly with
correction fluid (Tippex) or a quality waterproof marker pen or other similar marker.
Connect the drive end of the cylinder to the spin motor using the instructions set out in
the earlier section ‘Instructions for mounting cylinders into grinding machine’
3 inch Wheel-head attachment
If access can not be gained to the cylinder blades with the 8” (203mm) head then the 3”
(51mm) grinding head should be fitted. See figures 14 &15. Contact Hunter Grinders
Ltd for details of this option.
Drive belt
Fixing bolts
Move
aligning
boss
Figure 14 - 3” Wheel-head fitted to
Jupiter grinding head.
Figure – 15 Without the guard fitted
exposing the drive belt.
The 3” wheel-head is bolted in place using 3 M8 cap head bolts (fig 14). The Z link
(power twist) drive belt (fig 15) drives the head via the two drive pulleys. Move the
aligning boss from the main wheel-head and fit it to the 3” head. Ensure that the depth
stop is perfectly level and running through the centre of the 3” wheel. Move the finger
guide post and fit the smaller 3” finger guide (you only need to be approx 3-4mm below
the centre of the grinding wheel when using the smaller 3” finger guide). Fit the wheelhead guard. Further details of this attachment can be found in section 7.
14
ATI Programming
The ATI version of the Jupiter grinding machine allows automatic cylinder relief grinding.
It is used primarily to control the operation of the indexing motor in conjunction with
traversing the grinding head. When set up, the machine will traverse the grinding head
along the cylinder, grinding the blade, then index the cylinder to the next blade and
resume the grinding process, repeating for all blades and feeding the grinding wheel
towards the cylinder as required.
Figure 16 – Layout of ATI control panel
The ATI control panel, situated at the right hand side of the machine, houses a keypad
to allow parameter programming.
Also on this panel are the start and stop buttons for the grinding wheel motor and the
coolant pump. Gantry lights are controlled using the toggle switch.
A key-switch is used to select between auto and manual modes. The manual mode is
used during machine maintenance and manual relief mode and will over-ride the front
guard interlocks to allow operation of the machine in manual relief mode without the
guard in place. The keyswitch should be set to auto mode when spin grinding, the
key can then be removed to prevent unauthorised operation of the machine.
The control panel also has an emergency stop button, in addition to the emergency stop
button to the left hand end of the machine.
15
A.T.I OPERATION
Relief grinding
When you first switch on the machine the small screen on the H.M.I (Human machine
interface) will show the following screen.
Pressing the F1 key will take you to the grind mode selection screen.
Pressing F1 will take you to the relief grinding mode, F2 to spin grinding mode and F3 to
bottom blade mode.
Press F1 to go to relief grinding you will be taken to the following screen.
16
Pressing the Down arrow ↓ key will take you to the relief grinding setup screen.
Use the left ← and right → arrows on the keypad to toggle between the settings, a
flashing curser will appear under the setting you wish to change.
Blade count, press the Enter key and using the number keys enter the number of blades
on the cylinder you wish to grind. Press the Enter key again to enter your setting.
Grind pressure, if you are grinding out of situ there is no need to alter the torque setting.
If you are grinding in situ however we recommend the torque be raised to about 25%
especially if the mower is driving through a gear box.
Traverse cycles, to set the traverse cycles toggle down until the setting flashes, press
the Enter key then using the number keys enter the amount of cycles you require (this
will depend on how worn the cylinder is), press the Enter key again to enter your
settings. The number of cycles you have set will appear in the CYLS count on the setup
1 page and will count down as the cycles are completed. This will give the operator an
indication of where in the grinding process he is.
Return to the relief grinding screen 1 by pressing the ↑ arrow. Pressing F1 now will start
your grinding program.
NB before you begin grinding the traverse limit stops must be set as shown on pages
25 to 27.
17
SPIN GRINDING.
Press F5 to return to the menu screen.
Press F2 to enter the spin grinding mode.
Press PG.DOWN ↓ to go to setup 2.
In feed passes, this refers to the number of times the head traverses before an in feed
is applied I.E. if the traverse passes are set to 20 and the feed set to 2 the computer will
apply an in feed every 2 passes until the number in traverse cycles is reached.
Traverse passes. this refers to the number of times you wish the head to traverse up
and down the cylinder. Set traverse cycles to the number of passes you require. Once
more this will depend on how worn the cylinder is.
Press PG.UP ↑ to return to spin grind screen.
Press F1 to start spin grinding.
When spin grinding there is a fourth setup page which can be used to increase or
decrease the cylinder spin speed. This may be necessary if you experience an uneven
grind or resonating sound when grinding. Simply press F1 to increase the spin speed or
F2 to decrease. The spin speed will automatically reset to 200 Rpm when the
programme cycle is finished or interrupted.
18
BOTTOM BLADES
From the main menu screen select F3 this will take you to the bottom blade grinding
screen.
Press PG.DOWN ↓ to go to setup 2.
Traverse passes. Enter the number of times you wish the grinding head to travel up and
down the blade, once again this will depend on how worn the blade is.
When the blade is sharp and you wish to spark out to gain a polished finish then the
traverse can be slowed down for this purpose.
Press the PG DOWN ↓ arrow to enter the following screen.
19
Press F3 to speed up the traverse or F4 to slow it down.
The H.M.I, also has an error message screen which will activate in the event of an error
occurring during the grinding process such as an “E” stop being pressed or a door being
opened.
The screen tells you the fault location and a red light will flash on the key board, when
the fault is cleared the screen will say (Fault cleared press F5 to return to menu) and a
green light will flash.
Press F5 to return to the menu.
If you were in the middle of a grinding process when the fault occurred then the
computer will have reset and you will have to start again from the beginning.
20
Relief angle grinding preparation
Note: These guidelines must be adhered to or accuracy cannot be guaranteed.
Number the spirals using correction fluid, or some suitable marker pen. If any high
spirals were found during preparation of the cylinder use this as your starting spiral and
mark it number 1.
Figure 17 – numbering the spirals
The finger guide must be fitted in front of the grinding wheel. This serves to guide the
cylinder blade at precisely the right height when grinding. Two types of finger guides
depending on the direction of the cylinder and wether the leading edge of the spiral is
on the left or right.
Note: The two views in figures 18 and 19 are from front of the grinder - as seen from
the operator’s position.
Figure 18 - Leading edge on left
Cylinder spiral
For cylinders with leading edge
on the left the finger guide slopes
down from right to left.
Apex of finger guide should be in
line with the left-hand edge of the
grinding wheel.
The long side of guide should
always slope the same way as
the cylinder spiral.
Finger guide stem
21
Figure 19 - Leading edge on right
Cylinder spiral
For cylinders with leading
edge on the left, finger
guide slopes left to right.
Apex of guide should be
In line with the left hand
edge of grinding wheel.
Long side of guide should
always slope the same way
as the spiral
Finger guide stem
Finger guide holder
Orient the finger guide according to the spiral of the cylinder. The guide should be
positioned approximately 1.5 to 2mm (1/16”) away from the face of the grinding wheel.
Check that the guide will not contact the mounting webs within the cylinder.
To set the finger guide height first position the finger guide (FG) so that its tip is level
with the centre line of the grinding wheel (Fig20). Clamp the finger guide in position in
the finger guide holder (FGH). Now measure the distance from the top of the FGH to
the tip of the FG, note this value (A). From this value you can now subtract first 6mm
noting the value then 12mm (B) again noting the value (Fig 21). You can now use these
values along with the cylinder relief angle chart (Fig 22) to set the (FG) to the height and
relief angle you require. Also see separate section on page 51 for further information.
Fig 20
Fig 21
Centre Line
6 or 12mm
below C/L
FG
A
B
FGH
Value B (6mm below centre) ……
Value B (12mm below centre) ……
22
Fig 22
RELIEF ANGLE CHART
(based on using a full size 8” / 203mm grinding wheel)
Cylinder diameter
3”
4”
5”
6”
7”
8”
(76mm)
(102mm)
(127mm)
(152mm)
(178mm)
(203mm)
Approximate relief angle
6mm below centre
10 degrees
8-9 “
7-8 “
6-7 “
5-6 “
4-5 “
12mm below centre
25 degrees
22-24 “
20-22 “
18-20 “
16-18 “
14-16 “
N.B. The above chart is to be used as a guide only.
Consult the mower manufacturer’s handbook to determine the correct angle or contact
Hunter Grinders for advice. Using a standard relief angle and finger setting for all
cylinders will result in subsequent regrinds being quicker with the minimum amount of
material being removed.
Accuracy: In the interests of accuracy under no circumstances allow the apex of the
finger guide to be external or in the middle of the grinding wheel. This will tend to grind
the corners low or to leave the ends of the blades high. The apex must be in line with
the side face of the wheel.
23
Setting the traverse limit switch end stops
During automatic operation, the grinding head traverses back and forth along the
machine. To prevent excessively long movements, and to avoid potential contact
between the grinding wheel and the mower frame and incorrect indexing the traverse
end stops must be set. Feed the wheel-head towards the cutting unit so that the
cylinder blade rests on the finger guide and is as close to the grinding wheel as possible
without actually making contact.
To set the left hand traverse stop move the wheel-head to the left hand side until the
cylinder left hand edge just climbs over the tip of the finger guide (Fig 23). Now slide
the left hand traverse stop along its rail until the traverse stop pad illuminates the LED
sensor 1 (Fig 24/25).
Fig 23 – Position of finger guide when setting left hand traverse stop
Cylinder
blade
Cylinder left hand edge
should be to the right of the
finger guide tip
Revision
Bring the left hand traverse stop along its rail until the LED sensor 1 attached to a
bracket below the grinding head lights up. The sensor is energised by the traverse stop
pad. Lock the end stop in position using the small locking handle (Fig 24). Check that
there is no possibility of the grinding wheel coming into contact with the mower frame.
24
Traverse stop
pad
Locking handle
LED sensor 1
Figure 24 – left hand traverse stop
Figure 25 – position of illuminated sensor LED
To set the right hand traverse stop move the wheel-head across to the right hand
side until the cylinder right hand edge clears the tip of the finger guide by approximately
5mm (Fig 26). Now slide the right hand traverse stop along its rail until the traverse stop
pad illuminates the LED sensor 1 (Fig 27/28). Next you must set the grinding wheel
clearance. This is achieved by moving the wheel-head further to the right until the
finger guide is clear of the cylinder blades and the cylinder can rotate without coming in
to contact with the finger guide, you must also check that neither the grinding wheel or
the finger guide comes into contact with the cutting unit frame. Adjust LED sensor 2
until it illuminates by loosening the thumb bolt and sliding the sensor adjusting plate left
or right. NB it will energise on the traverse stop shoulder.
Fig 26 – Position of finger guide when setting right hand traverse stop
Cylinder right hand edge
approximately 5mm to the left
hand side of the finger guide
ti
Finger guide
Cylinder blade
Revision
To set the right hand stop, position the grinding head so that the cylinder right-hand
leading edge sits approx 5 mm from the tip of the finger guide. (Fig 26)
Bring the right hand traverse stop along the rail until the LED sensor 1 attached to the
bracket below the grinding wheel lights up (Fig 28). Lock the stop using the small
locking handle (Fig 27). Bring the grinding head further to the right until LED sensor 2 is
illuminated. Check that the cylinder is clear of the finger guide and that the unit frame
does not foul against either the finger guide or the grinding wheel.
25
Locking handle
Traverse stop pad
LED sensor 1
Figure 26 – right hand end stop
LED sensor
Figure 27 – position of illuminated LED sensor 1
Thumb bolt
Sensor sliding
LED sensor 2 energises on the traverse stop
Fig 28 – adjusting the sensor plate to
Increase or decrease FG clearance
Tip it may be necessary to orient the cylinder/unit forward slightly to allow the finger
guide to clear the units side frame. Adjusting the sensor plate to the left increases the
distance the finger guide clears the cylinder and adjusting it to the right decreases the
distance.
Once you have set the traverse stops you now have to attach the spin/ATI drive motor
to the cutting unit. It is very important that there is no free-play between the cutting
unit and the drive motor. All drivers have to be secure and tight fitting.
Before you begin grinding you must first check that the cutting unit is indexing correctly
without the grinding wheel running. If the cylinder is indexing correctly you are now
ready to begin grinding.
26
Setting the grinding head infeed rate (depth of cut)
The ATI control system can be programmed to feed the grinding wheel towards the
cylinder. This can be set to feed in after one or more full traverses of the machine.
To achieve this, a solenoid contained in the right hand end stop energises and pushes
the infeed lever causing the infeed pawl to rotate the head feed screw.
The infeed lever has an adjustable block which varies the degree of infeed.
Set the grinding head infeed rate to a depth of cut of 0.001” (0.025mm), 0.002”
(0.050mm) or 0.003” (0.075mm) by loosening the thumbwheel and sliding the feed rate
adjuster block to the required position. Lock the block in place. See figure 29.
Feed engage
l
0.003”
0.075m
m
0.002”
0.050m
m
0.001”
0.025mm
thumbwheel
Feed rate adjuster
Figure 29 – In-feed lever showing depth of feed settings
Feed engage pawl shown on the off position
27
Relief angle grinding
When relief grinding first you have to set the finger guide as shown in figures 20/21,
along with the desired finger guide height. See machinery manufacturers handbook for
required angles.
Back the grinding wheel away from the cylinder blade and switch on the power to the
machine. Switch on the coolant pump and adjust the nozzle so that coolant flow touches
the face of the wheel. Switch on the grinding wheel and allow full speed to be achieved.
Identify the spiral with the number 1 marked on it. Wind the grinding head slowly
towards the blade until spiral number 1 can be rested upon the finger guide.
Infeed
pawl
Indexing
Knurled
wheel
Figure 30 – Infeed ratchet wheel adjustment
Figure 31 – hands free indexing wheel
Wind the grinding head slowly forward towards the blade until a very light cut is being
made. Taking great care not to infeed the head any further, set the infeed ratchet wheel
as shown in figure 30. Position the infeed engage pawl to rest on the ratchet wheel.
Loosen the knurled wheel and rotate the ratchet wheel so that the pawl rests on the end
tooth as shown. Tighten the knurled wheel.
Slowly traverse the grinding head, by hand, towards the opposite end if the spiral, using
the hands free indexing wheel (Fig 31) to keep the blade in light contact with the finger
guide. The traverse should start from the trailing end of the spiral and the finger guide
should have the effect of raising the spiral as it travels along the underside of the blade.
Do not force the grinding wheel and either slow down the traverse feed or back off the
grinding wheel if a high spot is met.
Stop traversing as soon as the wheel passes the end of the spiral and sparking stops.
Traverse the head back to the start position, keeping the finger guide in contact with the
spiral. Take the finger guide out beyond the start of the spiral and rotate the cylinder so
that the spiral marked number 2 can be rested on the finger guide and grind back and
forth along the length of the blade. Repeat this for all of the spirals.
The above process ensures that all high spots have been found and it is safe to
proceed to the ATI automatic cycle.
Program the ATI controller for the following variables:
• Grind mode set to relief grinding
• Number of cylinder blades
28
•
•
•
Number of traverse cycles
Number of infeed passes
Index motor switched on
Set the ATI controller so that the ‘Setup 1’ page is visible. Switch on the grinding head
and coolant pump. Check that the coolant is flowing onto the cutting face of the wheel.
Position the underside of the first cylinder blade is resting on the finger guide.
Engage the traverse lever (figure 33) and push the F1 button on the controller to start
the cycle (at setup page 1).
Figure 32 - Traverse disengaged
Figure 33 - Traverse engaged
Allow the cycle to complete, disengage the traverse lever and switch off the grinding
head and coolant pump. Inspect the ground face of the blades. A slight ‘rag’ or ‘burr’
should be detectable on the cutting edge – take care as this will be sharp. A fully ground
cylinder will show a newly machined surface across the full width of all of the blades.
Continue to cycle the process until the cylinder has been completed, varying the ATI
parameters as appropriate.
Once a good full-face cutting edge has been achieved, two ‘polishing’ cuts are made no
further adjustment to the grinding wheel. With the infeed pawl in the disengaged
position, grind each blade for one full rotation of the cylinder. Then repeat the cut in
reverse starting at the highest blade number to the lowest. This allows for the wear of
the grinding wheel to be cancelled out.
Note: If in the event that contact is lost on any of the polishing cuts this means that the
grinding wheel may have been eroded slightly. In this case continue to the end of that
revolution and apply a small cut of 0.001" (0.025mm) to 0.002" (0.05mm). Take one
more polishing cut on all of the blades.
29
Spin grinding.
Spin grinding is carried out under two circumstances.
1. After relief grinding, to cut a small land on the face of each blade
2. Over the full face of the blade if required by the manufacturer’s specification.
The process is virtually the same in both of these circumstances.
If spin grinding is being carried out after relief grinding, then the cylinder should not
have been removed from the grinding machine. Otherwise the cylinder, either in or out
of its mower frame, must be checked and mounted parallel in the grinding machine as
detailed in earlier sections. The spin motor must be connected to the drive end of the
cylinder.
The finger guide must be removed from the grinding head, otherwise the cylinder will be
prevented from rotating, and damage may result.
Check and set the position of the traverse end stops, the left hand stop may need to be
repositioned to allow the grinding wheel to clear the cylinder blades. The right hand tail
stock is setup using LED sensor 2 only.
Set the grinding head infeed rate to a depth of cut of 0.001”, 0.002” or 0.003” as detailed
in the earlier section.
Programme suitable parameters into the ATI controller, as detailed in the earlier section.
In particular, at the ‘Setup 1’ page, press button F2 to set the grinding mode to spin
grinding.
Wind the wheel head in until the face of the wheel almost touches the cylinder spiral.
Bring the grinding head carriage to the left of the machine until the stone is just past the
end of the cylinder. Check that LED sensor 1 is illuminated.
Traverse the wheel head to the right of the machine and check that LED sensor 2 is
illuminated. Turn on the grinding wheel motor and allow it to reach full speed.
Engage the traverse (Fig 33) and press F1. The cylinder will reach its optimum
operating speed before it begins to traverse.
The machine will continue to traverse, grinding the cylinder and feeding in the number
of traverse cycles programmed into the ATI controller. At no point should the operator
leave the machine. Monitor the movement of the grinding head and disengage the
traverse if the grinding wheel becomes stressed (see figure 32).
If the cylinder has previously been relief ground, and the spin grinding process is being
used to create a small land on the ground face, stop grinding when the width of the land
across the cylinder blade has reached 25% of the blades overall width. Approx ½mm to
1mm.
If the cylinder is being fully spun ground, stop grinding when a sharp edge has been
achieved over the full length of all of the blades.
30
Continue grinding until the desired result has been achieved.
When the cylinder has been ground to the required extent allow several full polishing
traverses of the grinding head. This is carried out with the grinding wheel and spin
motors switched on, the traverse engaged, but the feed engage pawl in the disengaged
position, or the in-feed switched off.
At this point the wheel head will continue to traverse but the infeed will no longer apply
any further cut. The wheel head will continue to traverse until the number of
programmed cycles is complete. Some operators prefer to let the cylinder spark out
before switching off the traverse.
31
Bottom blade preparation and mounting
Ensure that the grinding machine power is switched off to prevent accidental
start-up
Fit the bottom blade brackets to the inboard sides of the tailstocks. These are identified
left (L) and right (R). The part of the bracket fitted to the tailstock has a red line scored
into it to indicate the uppermost point and this should line up with the jaw face at the top
of the tailstock.
Adjusting
lever
when
grinding
front face
Adjusting
lever
when
grinding
top face
Figure 34 – Left hand bracket
Figure 35 – Right hand bracket
The bottom blade should remain attached to the sole plate used to fix it to the mower.
Clean any accumulated dirt and grass from the blade, and inspect to ensure that it is not
bowed or twisted.
Depending on the manufacturer, the sole plate usually has a number of mounting holes
at each end, typically one to three. Normally the lower rear bolt holes are used. Check
that the chosen mounting holes are not worn out of shape and are free from burrs.
Mount the bottom blade between the centre points of the bottom blade brackets. The
tailstocks should be brought together and tightened sufficiently to prevent any end play
or float, but not excessively tightened which would cause blade distortion. The blade
should be able to pivot up and down freely between the tailstock centres, without any
end float.
Pivot the blade up and towards the rear of the machine, depress the spring loaded jack
plates (which will support the blade) fully down and lock in position. Swing the bottom
blade forward to rest on the jacking plates.
32
Sole plate
Mount bottom
blade between
centres using
one of the bolt
holes in the sole
plate, usually the
lower, rear hole
Bottom blade
Jacking plate
Bottom blade mounting
The grinding head must be turned so that the side face of the wheel is horizontal, i.e.
the wheel axis is vertical (fig 43). To do this, wind the grinding head out away from the
bottom blade and slacken the downward friction locking screw on the front of the wheelhead column. Wind up the wheel-head column, by using the hand-wheel situated on the
top of the column, to a reasonable height. Slacken the wheelhead rotation lock, next to
the handle used to traverse the wheel-head from side to side, take hold of the motor
and swing it through 90 degrees anti-clockwise until it comes to a stop. Retighten the
rotation lock and now take out any slack in, but do not tighten, the downward friction
knob. Figure 36 shows the grinding head in the cylinder grinding position. For bottom
blade grinding the head is pivoted to the left.
Column rotation
and downfeed
friction lock
Wheel head
rotation lock
Column
locking bolt
Figure 36 – Wheelhead securing
The column rotation lock holds a key into a keyway on the column. Slackening this knob
causes the key to be withdrawn from the keyway allowing the grinding head to be
rotated around the column.
33
Adjustments to the position of the bottom blade are made using the levers mounted at
the outer sides of the mounting brackets (Figures 34 & 35). These control eccentrics
within the brackets. The lever on the left hand bracket controls the back to front
movement, and the right hand lever controls the up and down movement.
Loosen the kiplock at the base of the right hand jacking plate and lower the plate approx
50mm away from the bottom blade and tighten the kiplock (Fig 37). Now place the
angle finder on the underside of the bottom blade (Fig 38). Release the left hand
jacking plate kiplock and raise or lower this plate until the bottom blade is at the desired
angle (Fig 40) (consult the manufactures handbook) and tighten the kiplock. You can
now re-adjust the right hand jacking plate until it is in contact with the bottom blade.
To set the top angle of the blade, place the magnetic angle finder on the underside of
the bottom blade – see below.
-5º 0º +5º
Magnetic
angle finder
attached to
the bottom of
the blade
Angle setting
Typically, a 5 degree negative relief angle is required
A selection of suggested top angles can be found later in this section. Consult the
mower manufacturer for equipment not listed.
Adjust clear
Kiplock
Figure 37 adjust the right hand jacking plate
clear of the bottom blade approx 50mm
Figure 38 raise or lower the left hand jacking
plate to set the desired angle
34
Rotate
jacking plate
Full
contact
required
Undo allen bolt
Figure 39 rotate jacking plate
Figure 40 showing full contact
The bottom blade should now be sitting evenly on both jacking plates. It may necessary
to undo the allen bolt (Fig 39) and carefully rotate the jacking plate to ensure a fuller
contact between bottom blade and jacking plate (Fig 40). After any adjustments check
the angle finder to ensure you are still set at the required angle.
Support and release the spring loaded jacking plates so that they gently contact the
underside of the bottom blade. This will hold the blade up, applying a light contact with
the side face of the grinding wheel. Lock the jacking plates in position.
Check that the bottom blade has good, full face contact with both jacking plates. This
can be done by tapping the front corners of the blades above the jacks with a nonmetallic object. A hollow sound indicates poor contact, and a solid sound indicates good
contact. Re-adjust as necessary
Ideally, the jacking plates should support the blade under the front corners. Avoid
supporting the blade under any screws securing the bottom blade to the sole plates. Fix
cap screws to the holes in the jacking plates to give clearance around sole plate screws
if necessary. See the diagrams in figure 41.
It must be ensured that there is no movement of the bottom blade over the jack posts,
otherwise an accurate grind will not be achieved.
Tip when setting the bottom blade to the required angle for grinding it is generally better
to set up with a greater angle rather than a lesser angle. I.E. -6 degrees when -5
degrees is required.
35
Support the corners of the BB whenever possible
Poor jacking plate
positions
Do not support the bottom blade
under sole plate screws
If the sole plate screws interfere with the
jacking plates, fit a small cap screw in the
jacking plate holes
Figure 41 – Guidance on jacking plate position
36
Setting up the grinding head parallel to the top face of the bottom blade
Bring the grinding head to the mid point of the bottom blade and, using the front hand
wheel, bring the grinding wheel over the top of the bottom blade, so that the blade is still
approximately horizontal and the grinding wheel is about ¼” (6mm) past the lip or
surface of the blade which is to be ground (fig 42a/42b) then lock the column base
locking kiplock (fig 43).
1/4” (6mm)
Mount BB on
to mounting
points of
brackets
using a hole
at the rear of
the BB sole
plate block.
By adjusting the grindingwheel up and down and
pivoting the blade on the
mounting points. Bring the
tapered side of the grindingwheel in contact and parallel
with the top face of the BB.
Figure 42a – position of grinding wheel over blade
When Top edge
grinding lipped
BB. It is
important to
overlap the
grinding -wheel
rim behind the
Top edge by ¼”
(6mm), as a
result the
grinding-wheel
cuts cleaner
without the
tendency to
burn.
1/4” (6mm) overlap
If re-grinding a partly worn
BB, bring the tapered side of
the grinding-wheel in contact
with the back edge of the lip
of the top face to grind a
slight relief angle.
Figure 42b – position of the grinding wheel over the blade
Manually traverse the grinding wheel-head from left to right along the length of the
bottom blade. Make small downward adjustments using the down-feed handle located
on the top of the column (fig 43) until you have light contact across the blade (contact
should only be with the left hand leading edge of the grinding wheel fig44). You will
have to adjust the right hand jacking plate adjusting lever (fig35) either up or down to
get the bottom blade level with the grinding wheel.
37
Once you are level, slightly raise the wheel-head away from the bottom blade and
traverse the wheel-head across to the right hand side of the machine. You are now
ready to begin grinding. NB when setting the bottom blade level with the grinding head
it is not always possible to have even contact across the whole of the blade. Aim to
have the same amount of contact at each end of the blade and disregard any contact in
the middle of the blade. If there is a significant variation along the blade which
adjustments cannot remove, investigate the blade’s condition for any warps or twists.
Badly distorted blades cannot be ground.
Down-feed handle
Wheel-head
release
Column base
locking kiplock
Angle finder
Fig 43 – Wheel-head rotated into bottom blade grinding mode
TIP when setting contact at each end of the bottom blade set the wheel approx 50mm in
from the ends of the blade to allow for any high spots sometimes found at the very ends
of worn blades. Remember contact is only achieved with the wheels left hand leading
edge of the grinding wheel (fig 44).
Left hand
leading edge of
grinding wheel
Figure 44 – showing left hand leading edge
38
Grinding the top face of the bottom blade
Ensure that the grinding machine power is switched off to prevent accidental
start-up
Raise the grinding wheel away from the surface a short distance.
Switch on power and follow on screen instructions.
Switch off index motor (press F2 SETUP page 3). Switch on the coolant pump and
adjust the nozzle so that an adequate flow is directed to the grinding area.
Switch on the grinding wheel motor and allow the wheel to reach its full speed.
Traverse the wheel-head from right to left and back whilst slowly lowering the grinding
wheel to make a light contact with the top face of the bottom blade. Take great care not
to stress the grinding wheel. Stop traversing if the grinding process becomes laboured.
Continue grinding the top face, traversing and adding small cuts until all irregularities
have been ground out and the full cutting face of the blade has been machined. Take
your time only applying light cuts, continue this process until you have an even grind
along the full length of the blade (ground surface should be completely across the blade
from left to right and front to back). Now using the automatic traverse apply several
polishing cuts, traversing the grinding head without feeding the grinding head down,
these polishing cuts should be very light, you may have to back the grinding wheel off
by raising the wheel-head (see tip below).
When complete, park the grinding head to one side and switch off the grinding wheel
motor and the coolant pump.
Remember to regularly dress the grinding wheel with the 'star wheel' dresser tool – see
section 5. Doing this will remove any rust or other materials clogging the surface and
speed up the operation of grinding the top face and also prevent any burn marks. If burn
marks persist, speed up the traverse of the grinding head from side to side, or reduce
the downward feed.
TIP to aid vision when grinding the top face you can use a marker pen (black) across
the full face and length of the blade. Apply the marker pen across the blade just before
the polishing cuts, any low spots will show up where the marker pen is left behind,
continue traversing until all the pen is removed. You may have to apply a very light
down-feed cut to achieve this.
39
Setting-up front face of bottom blade
The grinding head must be turned so that the side face of the wheel is vertical, i.e., the
wheel axis is horizontal. To do this, slacken the downward friction locking screw on the
front of the wheel head column (see figure 36), wind up the wheel-head column, by
using the hand-wheel situated on the top of the column, to a reasonable height. Slacken
the wheel head rotation lock, adjacent to the handle used to traverse the wheel-head
from side to side, take hold of the motor and swing it upwards through 90 degrees
clockwise until it comes to a stop. Retighten the rotation lock and now take out any
slack in the downward friction screw, but do not tighten. Lower the wheel-head column
all the way down as far as it goes using the hand-wheel situated at the top of the
column
Swing the bottom blade upwards and over towards the back of the machine. Unlock the
jacking plates and depress them on their springs fully downwards and relock in position.
Swing back the bottom blade so that it can be swung easily between the mounting
bracket points.
Position the grinding head at the midpoint of the blade. Pivot the blade up and bring the
grinding wheel towards the blade so that contact between the two is just achieved. At
this point, the front face of the bottom blade will be aligned with the centreline of the
grinding wheel.
Small gap between face
of blade and grinding
wheel of around 0.5mm
Top edge 1 to 2mm
above centreline
alignment
Figure 45 – Setting the grinding wheel height
40
Raise the top edge of the blade approximately 1 to 2mm above that centreline and
release one of the jacking plate so that it contacts the bottom of the blade. Lock it in
position. Move the grinding wheel head to one side and bring the remaining jacking
plate up to the blade, locking it in position. It may be necessary to undo the allen bolt
shown in figure 39 and rotate the jacking plate to ensure a fuller contact between
bottom blade and jacking plate. NB to ensure that the jacking plates do not foul the
grinding wheel they should not protrude beyond the front face of the bottom blade.
Check that the bottom blade has good contact with both jacking plates. This can be
done by tapping the front corners of the blades above the jacks with a non-metallic
object. A hollow sound indicates poor contact, and a solid sound indicates good contact.
Grinding the front face of the bottom blade
Move the grinding head to the right hand end of the machine
Switch on the coolant pump and adjust the nozzle so that an adequate flow is directed
to the grinding area.
Switch on the grinding wheel motor and allow the wheel to reach its full speed. Slowly
bring in the wheel to make a light contact with the front face of the bottom blade and
traverse the grinding head along the full length of the blade. Take great care not to
stress the grinding wheel. Stop traversing if the grinding process becomes laboured.
Grind the front face, traversing left and right, adding small cuts until all irregularities
have been ground out and cutting edge has been achieved along the full length of the
blade. Apply two polishing cuts using the automatic traverse, without feeding the
grinding wheel in.
When complete, park the grinding head to one side and switch off the grinding wheel
motor and the coolant pump.
Remember to regularly dress the face of the wheel with the 'star wheel' dresser tool –
see section 5. Doing this will remove any rust or other materials clogging the surface
and speed up the operation of grinding the top face and also prevent any burn marks. If
burn marks persist, speed up the traverse of the grinding head from side to side, or
reduce the inward feed.
Removing the bottom blade from the machine
Take great care when handling the bottom blade as it will be extremely sharp. Wear
suitable gloves.
Loosen the left hand tailstock lock. Hold the bottom blade in both hands, avoiding
contact with the sharpened edge, and push the blade and left hand tailstock to the left
releasing the blade. Remove the blade to a safe place, ready for installation into the
mowing machine.
41
Improved results can be obtained by hand grinding small chamfers at each end of the
bottom blade after the edge grinding process is complete
Figure 46 – Chamfer each end of the blade
Suggested angles for bottom blades
Top angle
(+)
(-)
(-)
(+)
Front angle
Figure 47 – Bottom blade angles
MAKE
Jacobsen
John Deer
Lesco
National
Ransomes
Toro
Sabo Roberine
MODEL
TOP ANGLE
(Degrees)
19” 22” Greens Mower
Blitzer F133 Fairway
Greens King 418,518,422,522.
Greens King 426, 526.
Greens King ii, iv, iv plus, v.
HF5, HM11.
LF 100, 123, 128, 3810.
Ranger, ST5111.
Tri King 1671, 1672, 1684, 1900.
Trim King, Turf King ii, 76, 84.
All Models
All Models
All Models
G-Plex 160
Fairway 250, 305, 405.
Motor 180, 350D, T-Plex 185
GR500, 1000, 3000, HTM175
RM5100, 5300, 6500.
RM108, 216, 2300, 3500, 4500.
RM5, RM7, RM11, Spartan, Turf Pro.
All Models
-8 to -10
+4 to +6
-8 to -10
-8 to -10
-8 to -10
+4 to +6
-8 to-10
+4 to +6
-8 to -10
+4 to +6
-6.5
-6
-5
-8 to -10
-3
-3
-5
-5
-5
-5
-5
FRONT
ANGLE
(Degrees)
0 to -5
0 to -5
0 to -5
0 to -5
0 to -5
0 to -5
0 to -5
0 to -5
0 to -5
0 to -5
-5
-5
-5
0 to -5
0
0
-15
-15
-15
-15
-5
Note: The above table is for use as a guide only, consult the manufacturers
specification for the exact angle.
42
SECTION 5 – GRINDING WHEEL MAINTENANCE
Dressing the side of the grinding wheel
Eye protection manufactured to the current European Safety Standards must be
worn when operating this equipment. Everyday glasses do not have impact
resistant lenses, and are not safety glasses.
Grinding wheel dressing, truing and replacement should only be carried out by
operators correctly trained in the safe use of abrasive wheels as detailed in the
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER 98).
2 to 3 degrees
‘STAR’ wheel-dresser (Hand held)
Hold dressing tool at a
slight angle to the side of
the grinding wheel. Start
dressing from about
12mm in from outer rim
of grinding wheel.
Figure 48 – Star wheel dressing
Dust is frequently generated when dressing wheels – use adequate dust
protection.
Always dress the wheel above the centre of the wheel. Failure to do so will result
in the cutters digging into the grinding wheel
Never wedge the feet of the dresser handle behind a tool rest or fixture in order
to gain leverage. Rest the feet of the dresser handle on top of the tool rest and
gently move the tool back and forth. Let the dresser do the work; do not apply
excessive pressure
Always use the proper dresser for the size of grinding wheel you are dressing.
Consult Hunter Grinders for guidance.
43
Diamond dressing the grinding wheel
The purpose of the diamond dressing tool is to keep the grinding wheel in shape. A
Star-Wheel dresser should be used to open and roughen up the grinding wheel prior to
doing any further grinding otherwise burning and reduced cutting rates will be observed.
Diamond dressing tool holder
top and side views
Diamond dressing tool (1carat)
Figure 49 Diamond dressing equipment
Truing the front face of the grinding wheel
Grinding wheel dressing, truing and replacement should only be carried out by
operators correctly trained in the safe use of abrasive wheels as detailed in the
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER 98)
Secure the diamond dressing tool holder into the left hand tailstock as shown in the
picture below. Fit the dressing tool into the holder and lock in place. The dressing tool
should be horizontal and tilted forward so that it sits 2 or 3 mm below the centre line the
grinding wheel.
Figure 50 – Diamond dressing tool in position for face truing
44
Bring the grinding head opposite the diamond dresser and wind the wheel in until the
front face of the grinding wheel is just in contact with the dressing tool. Take the
grinding head to one side before commencing the operation.
Switch on the grinding wheel motor, wait until it reaches full operating speed then gently
traverse the wheel-head from side to side against the dressing tool.
Every two to four passes, lightly feed the wheel into the dressing tool. Keep repeating
this until the full width of the grinding wheel face has been trued.
Move the grinding head away from the tool and switch off the grinding wheel motor.
Use the star wheel dresser to ‘open up’ the grinding wheel before any grinding
commences.
45
Truing the side face of the grinding wheel
Grinding wheel dressing, truing and replacement should only be carried out by
operators correctly trained in the safe use of abrasive wheels as detailed in the
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER 98)
Secure the diamond dresser mounting bracket into the left hand tailstock as shown in
the picture below so that the arm of the bracket is horizontal. Do not fit the dressing tool
into the mounting bracket at this stage.
Set side face of grinding
wheel parallel to this
face prior to fitting the
dressing tool in place.
Figure 51 – Diamond dressing tool in position for side truing
Park the grinding head at the right hand of the machine and make sure it is firmly locked
in position using the traverse limit stops.
During the following operation of the dressing of the side face of the grinding wheel, the
wheel-head must not move. This is of the utmost importance and must be adhered to,
as any side movement will damage the stone, possible resulting in a wheel burst.
Wind-up the wheel-head column, as shown in figure 52.
Take the Wheel-head column a short distance; slacken the knob on the side of the
column sufficiently so that the column can be rotated clockwise.
Align the side face of the grinding wheel with the side face of the diamond dressing tool
holder (Fig 51). Insert an 8mm nut or similar as a spacing piece (Fig 53) and lock the
column down against it, ensure the grinding wheel still aligns the tool holders face.
Insert the diamond dresser tool into the hole in the mounting bracket, as shown in figure
51 and lock in place.
46
Figure 52 - Wind up-column
Figure 53 - Insert 8mm Nut
Bring the dressing tool up to the grinding wheel and lock the tailstock into place. Wind
the wheel backwards away from the dressing tool
Start the motor and let it speed up to its operating speed. Slowly wind the wheel inwards
past the tool until the diamond point almost reaches the inside rim of the grinding wheel
mount. Wind the wheel backwards away from the dressing tool.
When the tool is safely away from the rotating wheel, lightly tap the tailstock, with the
dressing tool in place to the right, using a soft faced mallet, or similar. This is done to
give a small ‘infeed’ of the dressing tool – there is no mechanical means of winding the
tailstock along the machine bed, and the grinding head has been locked in position to
prevent any movement.
Slowly wind the grinding head past the diamond tip of the tool as before. Take care not
to stress the wheel. If the tailstock has moved too far, wind the wheel out and use the
hammer to tap the tailstock back to the left. Take extreme care not to strike the wheel.
Repeat the process of winding out the wheel, tapping in the tailstock, and winding in to
true the wheel until all score marks and hollows have been removed and a flat surface
has been generated.
Switch off the grinding wheel motor and allow the wheel to come to halt.
Use the star wheel dresser to ‘open up’ the grinding wheel before any grinding
commences.
47
Grinding wheel replacement
Main reasons for changing:
•
If the stone is worn out, the grinding process accuracy cannot be maintained.
•
Peripheral speeds of the wheel will be reduced and the grinding process will take
longer.
•
There will be increase in risk to both the operator and the equipment.
Grinding wheel dressing, truing and replacement should only be carried out by
operators correctly trained in the safe use of abrasive wheels as detailed in the
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER 98)
Ensure that the machine is disconnected from the mains supply to prevent accidental
start-up
Remove the side guard from the left hand side of the grinding wheel. This is held by five
socket capscrews (5mm).
Figure 54 – Side guard removal
Remove Finger Guide stem and the ‘L’ shaped splash guard. The grinding wheel is now
exposed for removal.
There may be up to two balancing screws, possible with a number of washers, fitted to
the outer wheel flange. These should be removed.
Remove the three socket countersunk screws which hold the securing flange and the
grinding wheel in place. Place the flange to one side and safely dispose of the grinding
wheel.
48
Figure 55a – Removing the wheel securing flange
Clean and remove any traces of old gasket from the inner and outer wheel flanges.
Clean out the balancing holes (6 total) and re-grease the three countersunk securing
screws with anti-seize grease.
Place the new grinding stone complete with gasket on to the inner wheel flange. If the
wheel has a dished face, this should be on the opposite side from the motor. Place the
outer wheel flange on the opposite side of the grinding stone, line-up the securing bolts
holes and refit the three countersunk screws. Wind in the screws until all of the slack
has been taken up, then further tighten the screws progressively and evenly. Do not
over tighten the screws as undue stresses will be placed on the wheel, potentially
damaging it. Spin the wheel by hand to check that it is aligned and does not run out of
true.
Balancing the grinding stone
After fitting a new grinding stone, the new stone should be checked for rotational
balance. This is done by switching on the grinding head – stand to one side, away from
the grinding wheel in case of a failure of the new wheel.
Check for noise and vibration over and above the normal expected levels. If these are
present, the wheel must be balanced.
The main reasons for balancing are:
• Reduced stresses in the wheel
• Reduced motor bearing wear
• Improved grinding surface finish
• Increased wheel life
• Reduced workshop noise
Using a felt-tipped pen or similar, place a mark adjacent to one of the six balancing
holes in the wheel securing flange, as shown in figure 55b.
49
Figure 55b – Mark one of the balancing holes
Fit one of the balancing screws into the marked hole and tighten in position.
Switch on the wheel motor and allow the wheel to reach full speed. Check the levels of
noise and vibration. This should be compared with the earlier assessment. Switch off
the motor and allow the wheel to come to rest.
If the vibration has been eliminated, the wheel is balanced. If not, remove the balancing
screw and move it to the next hole around the flange. Check for vibration as before.
If necessary, continue repositioning the balancing screw around the flange. At this point,
it should be possible to conclude that the screw positioned in one of the holes provided
the most reduction in vibration.
To fully eliminate vibration, experiment by adding a small number of flat washers over
the screw. It may be that the true balance point lies between two adjacent balancing
holes, in which case two equal balancing screws could be used.
Important:
• Never fit more than two balancing screws
• Switch off the grinding motor immediately when increased vibration is noticed.
After changing and balancing the grinding wheel, it should be diamond trued and star
wheel dressed
50
SECTION 6 - GENERAL MACHINE MAINTENANCE.
Routine Maintenance
Correct and regular maintenance of the Jupiter grinding machine prolong the unit’s life
and help provide consistently accurate grinding.
Daily
Check the general condition of the machine for any damage, paying particular attention
to the control panel and external wiring. Any damaged wiring must be reported
immediately and the machine isolated to prevent use until repairs have been carried
out.
Ensure that the emergency stop buttons are working correctly. Report any faults
immediately and isolate the machine to prevent use until suitable repairs have been
carried out.
L Electrical repairs must only be carried out by a suitably qualified person.
After each days use, clean the machine surfaces and channels using a soft paintbrush.
Gather the debris together and deposit it in a waste bin. Once most of the dirt has been
removed, use the machines coolant system to wash away residues. It is important to
remove as much heavy soiling as possible before washing over with coolant as this will
result in excessive contamination of the coolant system. Traversing the grinding head
along the machine, direct the coolant at the slideways and coolant catchment trays to
wash away the dirt. Use the paintbrush to direct the coolant and dirt towards the
drainage holes in the centre of the trays where it will be carried to the coolant storage
tank. Wipe down all surfaces using a lint-free cloth or workshop quality paper towelling.
Apply a light coating of lubricant to the T-Slot top machined face and wipe off any
excess with clean cloth. The ideal lubricant is a light grade penetrating oil which
contains PTFE (Teflon) such as Fin Lube TF. Use the cloth with the excess lubricant to
wipe down and clean the traverse stop rail, rear grab arm rail, grab arms shafts and
spin/index motor shaft. This will help prevent oxidation of their surfaces.
Weekly (in addition to the above)
Remove the tailstocks and the spin /indexing motor assembly from the machine bed,
clean the contact faces on the undersides thoroughly and apply a little of the PTFE
lubricant. Wipe off excess with a clean cloth.
Whilst tailstocks and spin/indexing motor are removed, clean any build up of dirt from
the T-Slot.
Check coolant level and condition. Switch off the pump and allow coolant to settle in
tank. Remove the tank lid and inspect the level. It should settle between 25-75mm from
the top of the tank, across all three chambers. Top up as required using correctly diluted
coolant only. Contact Hunter Grinders for information on approved coolants and their
use. Discard coolant mix after 3 months and replace with a fresh mix. In heavy machine
use, coolant may need to be replaced at shorter intervals due to contamination.
Thoroughly cleaning cylinders and cutting units before grinding will help prolong the life
51
of your coolant mix. Dispose of used coolant according to the recommendations
contained in the coolant manufacturer’s COSHH sheet.
Check condition of linear bed-rails, clean any excess dirt accumulated at the end of their
travel. Check there is no build up of dirt behind the rails, particularly the rail towards the
rear of the machine. Lubricate the rails with Shell Tonna S oil. Note that this lubricant
is specially designed for machine slideways, especially as it resists being washed off by
the system coolant. It is important to use only this approved lubricant. Contact Hunter
Grinders Technical Department for additional guidance.
Monthly (in addition to the above)
Raise the wheel-head up the support column, clean the shaft and apply a thin film of
anti seize oil, such as Lok-Cease.
Wind the in-feed saddle forward, clean the now exposed dovetail and lubricate using
light grade oil (SAE 30). Wind the in-feed saddle back and clean the other end of the
dovetail. Lubricate as before.
Remove the locking handles from the tailstocks and clean the threads. Lubricate using
an anti seize oil, such as Lok-Cease.
6-12 monthly (in addition to the above)
Grease the linear bed rail bearings blocks via their grease nipples using a lithium based
grease, number 2. The recommended method is to apply the grease dynamically
(slowly traverse the grinding wheel-head from side to side while injecting small amounts
of grease). The bearings only hold a small amount of grease so it is important not to
overload them with too much. Wipe off any old and contaminated grease which will
have been ejected from the bearings.
Annual (in addition to the above)
It is recommended that all medium to heavy machine users have their machines
serviced on an annual basis. Light to medium uses should at least look to having their
machines serviced biannually. This comprehensive service includes travel to site,
checking all grinder settings, stripping down the headstock, in-feed, down-feed, traverse
bearings and rails, traverse, tailstocks, checking the coolant facility, hoist (where
applicable) etc. Repair and/or replace as necessary, reassemble and test. Favourable
rates are offered to those customers who sign up to annual / biannual maintenance
schedules. Contact Hunter Grinders for more details.
52
Setting the finger guide height
Finger guides are factory set for optimum relief angle. However it is possible to vary this
height for individual mowers in order to achieve the mower manufacturer’s specification.
It is important to make a record of the original factory set finger guide height.
When replacing a worn finger guide, the correct setting position must be established to
enable resetting following removal and replacement.
Ensure that the grinding machine power is switched off to prevent accidental
start-up
Mount a cylinder in the grinding machine and set the grinding wheel on the same
centreline as the cylinder, as described in the earlier section.
Place the finger guide in the finger guide clamp, ensuring that the guide is correctly
oriented relative to the direction of the spiral (see earlier section), and lightly clamp in a
lower than normal position.
With the grinding wheel stationary, slowly wind in the grinding head towards the
cylinder. Turn the cylinder back and forth until the point is found where the cylinder
blade can just make contact with the wheel. This contact point marks the centreline
between the cylinder and the grinding wheel.
Cylinder
blade
Top of finger
guide 10 to 12mm
below centreline
Finger guide
height
Figure 56 – setting finger guide height
Loosen and bring the finger guide into position 10 to 12mm below the cylinder spiral and
wheel contact point. Reclamp the finger guide.
Also see figures 20/21 on page 20.
53
SECTION 7 - MOUNTING INFORMATION
Universal mounting posts and mounting information
Small spacer
Adjustable
mounting plate
Large spacer
Knurled
adjuster
Locking bolts
Figure 57 – adjustable universal post
post
Figure 58 – standard universal
Position C
Position A
Position B
Figure 59 – 3 possible mounting positions
mounted in grinder
Figure 60 – handmower
Stabilizing
chains
Handles
sitting on
back grab rail
Figure 61 – adjustable up and down
Figure 62 – view from behind machine
When lifting a handmower using the supplied lifting chains, it is advisable to use the
stabilizing chains around the mowers handles to aid lifting. Lie the mower back on the
floor, secure the chains and lift the mower up in this plane (level). This operation is
often easier to carryout with the assistance of a second person.
54
Figure 63 - depth stop must be level and run through Figure 64 – 3” finger guide should be approx 3the centre of the 3” grinding wheel
4mm below the centre line
Bearing Adapters – cylinder out of frame
Make and model of mower
Allen National
Allen Ranger
Bearing adaptor required
K09194 Taper
K09194 Taper
Atco
6206
Allet Buffalo all models
Allet Shaver & Tornement
Allet 30” & 36”
6205 Standard
6204 Standard
RL9 Extended
Bunton hand mowers
Brauer Gang
30204 Standard
6205 Extended
Dennis cassette Mowers
Dennis 36” Drive end requires larger bearing
RL6 Standard
6206/6207
Huxley 358
44610 Taper
Hayter 744 Mk3 Beaver
6205 Standard
Jacobson Triking
Jacobson LF3810
Jacobson Greensking
Jacobson LF100
Jacobson 22” hand mower
Jacobson 422
Jacobson Magna Gang
Jacobson Blitzer Gang
Jacobson Ranger Gang
Jacobson Hydro Turf King
44610 Taper
44610 Taper
11910 Taper
11910 Taper
11910 Taper
11910 Taper
07204 Standard
07204 Standard
07204 Standard
6204 Standard
55
Jacobson Hydro Ranger
6204 Standard
John Deere 180 Pedestrian
John Deere 2243 Greens Mower
John Deere 3235 Fairway
John Deere 3235A Fairway
John Deere 2500 Greens Mower
John Deere 2653 Tees Mower
John Deere 220 Hand Mower
John Deere 365 Hydraulic Gang
John Deere 3235B
11910 Taper
11910 Taper
12610 Taper
11910 Taper
44610 Taper
12610 Taper
30204 Taper
67010 Taper
12610 Taper
Lesco Machines
11910 Taper
Lloyds Palladin Drive end requires larger
bearing
Lloyds Arial
Lloyds Leda (Post 1993)
Lloyds Leda (Pre 1993)
Lloyds Pentack Titan
Lloyds Elite
Lloyds Gang
44610 / 03162
09194 Taper
30207A Taper
K14276 Taper
LM67010 Taper
4TK1922 Taper
Ransomes Sports cutter 220
Ransomes Sports cutter 350D
Ransomes Magna 250
Ransomes Marquis (Pre1972)
Ransomes Marquis (Post1972)
Ransomes 185
Ransomes 300 Fairway
Ransomes TG 4650
Ransomes Triplex
Ransomes Hahn
Ransomes Classic
Ransomes GT
Ransomes Super Bowl (Post 1996)
Ransomes Greens Super 50-55 & 60
Ransomes Greens Plex 160
Ransomes E-Plex 160
Ransomes Auto Certees (Pre 1978)
Ransomes Auto Certees (Post 1978)
Ransomes Super Certees (Pre 1978)
Ransomes Super Certees (Post 1978)
Ransomes Super Bowl
Ransomes 180D
Ransomes 213D
Ransomes 465
Ransomes Teesplex
44610 Taper
44610 Taper
44610 Taper
RL5 Standard
6203 Standard
44610 Taper
44610 Taper
Sabo Robarine Tail end all models
Sabo Robarine Drive end all models
6205 Standard
6206 Extended
11710 Taper
11710 Taper
11710 Taper
11710 Taper
11710 Taper
11710 Taper
11910 Taper
11910 Taper
RL5 Standard
6203 Standard
RL5 Standard
6203 Standard
6203 Standard
6204 Standard
6205 Standard
6205 Standard
4TL45449 / 44610
56
Saxon all models
6204 Standard
Suffolk colt
Suffolk Punch
Suffolk Punch new models
Colt cups
Colt cups
6202 Standard
Toro GM3
Toro GM3000
Toro GM3100
Toro GM3200
Toro GM5100
Toro GM3200D
Toro GM6500
Toro 1000
Toro 70
Toro 216
Toro 2300
Toro 450D
Toro 335D
Toro 6500D
Toro 4500
Toro Sidewinder
44610 Taper
44610 Taper
44610 Taper
44610 Taper
44610 Taper
6206 Extended
6206 Extended
6205 Standard
RL6 / 6203
RL8 Standard
RL8 Standard
6205 Standard
6205 Standard
6205 Standard
RL8 Extended
Webb Wizard
Webb 14”
6201 / RL5
1302
Consult Hunter Grinders Technical Department for information and guidance in
mounting cylinders not listed above.
57
Cylinders mounted within frames
Make and model of mower
Allen National
Allen Ranger
Mounting Brackets required
Atco
Allet Buffalo all models
Allet Shaver & Tornement
Allet 30” & 36”
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Bunton hand mowers
Brauer Gang
Dennis cassette Mowers
Dennis 36” Drive end requires larger bearing
Huxley 358
Hayter 744 Mk3 Beaver
Jacobson Triking
Jacobson LF3810
Jacobson Greensking
Jacobson LF100
Jacobson 22” hand mower
Jacobson 422
Jacobson Magna Gang
Jacobson Blitzer Gang
Jacobson Ranger Gang
Jacobson Hydro Turf King
Jacobson Hydro Ranger
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
John Deere 180 Pedestrian
John Deere 2243 Greens Mower
John Deere 3235 Fairway
John Deere 3235A Fairway
John Deere 2500 Greens Mower
John Deere 2653 Tees Mower
John Deere 220 Hand Mower
John Deere 365 Hydraulic Gang
John Deere 3235B
Universal mounting brackets.
Universal mounting brackets.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Universal mounting brackets.
Universal mounting brackets.
Universal mounting brackets.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Lesco Machines
Lloyds Palladin Drive end requires larger
bearing
Lloyds Arial
Lloyds Leda (Post 1993)
Universal mounting brackets
Universal mounting brackets
Universal mounting brackets
58
Lloyds Leda (Pre 1993)
Lloyds Pentack Titan
Lloyds Elite
Lloyds Gang
Extended mounting points.
Ransomes Sports cutter 220
Ransomes Sports cutter 350D
Ransomes Magna 250
Ransomes Marquis (Pre1972)
Ransomes Marquis (Post1972)
Ransomes 185
Ransomes 300 Fairway
Ransomes TG 4650
Ransomes Triplex
Ransomes Hahn
Ransomes Classic
Ransomes GT
Ransomes Super Bowl (Post 1996)
Ransomes Greens Super 50-55 & 60
Ransomes Greens Plex 160
Ransomes E-Plex 160
Ransomes Auto Certees (Pre 1978)
Ransomes Auto Certees (Post 1978)
Ransomes Super Certees (Pre 1978)
Ransomes Super Certees (Post 1978)
Ransomes Super Bowl
Ransomes 180D
Ransomes 213D
Ransomes 465
Ransomes Teesplex
Sabo Robarine Tail end all models
Sabo Robarine Drive end all models
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Saxon all models
Suffolk colt
Suffolk Punch
Suffolk Punch new models
Toro GM3
Toro GM3000
Toro GM3100
Toro GM3200
Toro GM5100
Toro GM3200D
Toro GM6500
Toro 1000
Toro 70
Toro 216
GM3 Mounting blocks
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
Universal mounting brackets
Extended mounting points.
Extended mounting points.
59
Toro 2300
Toro 450D
Toro 335D
Toro 6500D
Toro 4500
Toro Sidewinder
Extended
Extended
Extended
Extended
Extended
Extended
mounting points.
mounting points.
mounting points.
mounting points.
mounting points.
mounting points.
Webb Wizard
Webb 14”
Consult Hunter Grinders Technical Department for information and guidance in
mounting cylinders not listed above.
60
Drivers required for cylinder spinning
Make and model of mower
Allen National
Allen Ranger
Spin Drivers Required.
Atco
Allet Buffalo all models
Allet Shaver & Tornement
Allet 30” & 36”
Bunton hand mowers
Brauer Gang
Dennis cassette Mowers
Dennis 36” Drive end requires larger bearing
Huxley 358
Hayter 744 Mk3 Beaver
9/16 socket with drive pin
Jacobson Triking
Jacobson LF3810
Jacobson Greensking
Jacobson LF100
Jacobson 22” hand mower
Jacobson 422
Jacobson Magna Gang
Jacobson Blitzer Gang
Jacobson Ranger Gang
Jacobson Hydro Turf King
Jacobson Hydro Ranger
John Deere 180 Pedestrian
John Deere 2243 Greens Mower
John Deere 3235 Fairway
John Deere 3235A Fairway
John Deere 2500 Greens Mower
John Deere 2653 Tees Mower
John Deere 220 Hand Mower
John Deere 365 Hydraulic Gang
John Deere 3235B
Gaytor driver
Lesco Machines
Lloyds Palladin Drive end requires larger
bearing
Lloyds Arial
61
Lloyds Leda (Post 1993)
Lloyds Leda (Pre 1993)
Lloyds Pentack Titan
Lloyds Elite
Lloyds Gang
Bent M 10 drive pin
Bent 7/16 BSW drive pin
Ransomes Sports cutter 220
Ransomes Sports cutter 350D
Ransomes Magna 250
Ransomes Marquis (Pre1972)
Ransomes Marquis (Post1972)
Ransomes 185
Ransomes 300 Fairway
Ransomes TG 4650
Ransomes Triplex
Ransomes Hahn
Ransomes Classic
Ransomes GT
Ransomes Super Bowl (Post 1996)
Ransomes Greens Super 50-55 & 60
Ransomes Greens Plex 160
Ransomes E-Plex 160
Ransomes Auto Certees (Pre 1978)
Ransomes Auto Certees (Post 1978)
Ransomes Super Certees (Pre 1978)
Ransomes Super Certees (Post 1978)
Ransomes Super Bowl
Ransomes 180D
Ransomes 213D
Ransomes 465
Ransomes Teesplex
9/16 socket with drive pin
9/16 socket with drive pin
9/16 socket with drive pin
3 pin cup driver
Slotted driver RTD
2 pin cup driver
Sabo Robarine Tail end all models
Sabo Robarine Drive end all models
Saxon all models
Suffolk colt
Suffolk Punch
Suffolk Punch new models
Toro GM3
Toro GM3000
Toro GM3100
Toro GM3200
Toro GM5100
Toro GM3200D
Toro GM6500
Toro 1000
Toro 70
½” square driver
62
Toro 216
Toro 2300
Toro 450D
Toro 335D
Toro 6500D
Toro 4500
Toro Sidewinder
Webb Wizard
Webb 14”
Consult Hunter Grinders Technical Department for information and guidance in
driving cylinders not listed above.
Hunters Grinders Racing Team
63
SECTION 8 - DRAWINGS AND MACHINE PARTS LISTS
3 Inch Wheel-head assembly
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Description
Part No: -
Bearing housing
Mounting bracket
Bracket plate part A
Bracket plate part B
Bearing spindle
Bearing
Wheel flange inner
Wheel flange outer
Drive pulley
Drive belt
Half moon guard
Main guard
Finger guide holder
Finger guide small
Kiplock handle
Main securing bolt
Shakeproof washer
Washer
Cap socket screw
3" grinding stone
H1
H2
H 3/A
H 3/B
H4
LJ 1/2" 2RS
H5
H6
H7
Z section powertwist
H8
H9
PJ 20
PJ 20/C
M8 x 20
M16 x 100
M16 internal
M6
M6 x 10
Qty.
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
64
Back bar assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Description
Back bars main support
L/H Sliding bar
R/H Sliding bar
Knuckle support bar
L/H Knuckle
R/H Knuckle
Support feet
Locking pin with chain
Lobe knob M12 x 30
Lobe knob M12 x 50
Grab arms finger type
Grab arms hook type
Part No: BB1
BB2
BB3
BB4
BB5
BB6
LV.A-80-14-AS-M12X68
BB7
17860M12X30
17860M12X50
BB8
BB9
Qty.
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
6
2
2
2
65
Canopy Assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
Description
Rear guard
Rear guard support rail
Side frame top and bottom rails
Side frame front rail
Side frame rear rail and spacer
Door side rails
Door top and bottom rails
Door polycarbonate sheet
Side polycarbonate sheet
Front polycarbonate sheet
Front frame
Hinges
Plastic handles
Door interlocks
Front magnetic interlock
Magnetic interlock bracket
Plastic end stops
Magnetic catch
Part No: CA1
CA2
CA3
CA4
CA5
CA6
CA7
CA8
CA9
CA10
CA11
BIA3842535659
224-140
440K-C21097
XCS DMP7002
CA12
BIA3842528968
BIA3842516165
Qty.
1
1
4
2
4
4
4
2
2
1
1
4
6
2
1
1
16
2
66
Idler sprocket assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Description
Mounting bracket part 1
Mounting bracket part 2
"D" guard
Idler bobbin
Oilite bush
Spindle
Sprocket
M8 repair washer
M8 x 16 Cap socket screw
1/2" B.S.F nut
M12 Z/P washer
M10 x 50 Hex head set screw
M10 Z/P nut
M10 Z/P washer
Part No: PJ 43
PJ 43/A
PJ 23
PJ 43/B
1/2 x 5/8 x 1/2
PJ 43/C
19 T.P.I x 1/8
Qty.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
67
Drive motor assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6,9
7
8
10
11
Description
Panasonic motor and gear box
Motor bracket
The Tran-torque slipping clutch assembly can
be supplied as a complete item.
Replacement parts are listed below.
Tab washer
Pressure plate
Spring washers
Friction discs
Bronze bush
Drive sprocket
Tran-torque body
"E" guard
Note : Item one can be either single or three phase
and a verity of speeds. Please state which
is required when ordering.
Part No: -
Qty.
See note 1
PJ 42
1
1
W8-243062
W8-668047
W8-667634
W8-25563X
PJ 23/A
1
1
1
3
2
1
1
1
1
68
Base assembly
Ref
Description
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Cast iron bed
Machine legs
Front panel
Chain guard
Rear "Z" guard
Front "Z" guard
L/H side panel
R/H side panel
L/H Extension panel
R/H Extension panel
Rear coolant tray
Linear rail and bearings rear
Linear rail and bearings front
Traverse stop rail
Part No: PJ1
PJ2
PJ3
PJ31
PJ25
PJ25/1
PJ52
PJ52/A
PJ52/B
PJ52/C
PJ51
SSR25xW2SS+1360LK
SSR25xW2SS+1360LK
PJ32
Qty.
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
69
Hands-free assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Description
Base
Pivot bracket
Post
Sliding bracket
Shaft
Hand wheel
Pivot pin
Olite bush
Kiplock handle
T bolt
Machine dowels
Cap socket screws
Hex head bolt
M12 nylock nut
Washer
Cap socket screws
Washer
Part No: HF 1
HF 2
HF 3
HF 4
HF 5
VRTP-160-A14
HF 6
3/4 x 5/8 x 3/4
M8 x 20
PJ 21/6
504-06
M8 x 25
M8 x 25
M12
M12
M8 x 16
M8
Qty.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
70
Column assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Description
Plate carriers
Carriage plate
Cross slide
Saddle
Column support collar
Column
Motor bracket casting
Lifting tube
Lifting tube cap
Motor bracket plate & stem
Wheel head motor
Main wheel head guard
Main guard front cover
Part No: PJ 6
PJ 5
PJ 9
PJ 10
PJ 12
PJ 12/A
PJ 14
PJ 17
PJ 16
PJ 15
0.55KW2P/71/CSCR
PJ 19
PJ 19/A
Qty.
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
71
Column assembly continued
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
"L" splash guard
Carriage drip tray
In feed splash panel
In feed screw block
In feed phosphor bronze L/H nut
Screw locking collar
In feed screw L/H
Gibb strip
Down feed phosphor bronze R/H nut
Down feed screw R/H
Motor bracket tilt lever
Motor bracket stop block
Manifold bracket
Coolant manifold
Finger guide holder
Straight finger guide
Bent finger guide L/H
Bent finger guide R/H
Down feed thrust bearing
Coolant tube spigot
Segmented coolant tube
Coolant nozzle
Flanged iolite bush
Alignment pole mounting boss
Alignment pole guide bush
Alignment pole
Alignment pole locking ring
Down feed handle
Alignment pole Kip lock handle
PJ 54
PJ 55
PJ 35
PJ 8
PJ 11/A
PJ 11/B
PJ 11
PJ 10/A
PJ 18/A
PJ 18
PJ 15/A
PJ 15/B
PJ 57/A
PJ 57
PJ 20/C
PJ 20
PJ 20/A
PJ 20/B
ET5/8
447-217
447-223
447-263
5/8 x 3/4 x 1/2
AP 1
AP 2
AP 3
AP 4
199150
52365
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
72
Tailstock assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Description
Part No: -
Tail stock body L/H
Tail stock body R/H
Tail stock cap L/H
Tail stock cap R/H
Guide plate
Clamp spring
Tailstock stud
Zink plated washer
Zink plated nut
Machine dowels
"T" bolt
Zink plated washer
Kiplock locking handle
Guide plate retaining screws
Eccentric bush
Adjustment lever
Eccentric collar
PJ 22 A
PJ 22 C
PJ 22 B
PJ 22 D
PJ 21
PJ 21/A
PJ 21/B
M12
M12
504-06
PJ 21/C
M12
522104M12
M6 x 16 Cap socket
PJ 30/A
PJ 30/B
PJ 30
Qty.
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
4
2
2
2
4
2
2
2
73
Tailstock assembly continued
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
Support arms
Jack post support bar
Centre point
Jacking spring
Jacking post
Jack plate short
Jack plate long
Jack post locking handle
Support bar securing screw
Bellville washers
PJ 30/C
PJ 30/D
PJ 30/E
PJ 30/F
PJ 30/G
PJ 30/H
PJ 30/I
52365M8X20
M8 x 20 Cap socket
2
2
2
2
4
2
2
2
2
8
Traverse assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6
Description
Traverse bracket
Operating lever
Connecting link
Chain locking lever
Reversing cam
Reversing cam lever
Part No: PJ 34
PJ 34/A
PJ 34/B
PJ 34/C
PJ 34/D
PJ 34/E
Qty.
1
1
1
1
1
1
74
Traverse assembly continued
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
Chain clamping bobbin
Oilite bush
Reversing cam spindle
Spindle locking screw
Grub screw
Spring
1/4" Steel ball
Bobbin adjuster plate
Adjuster plate securing screws
Bobbin adjuster screws + lock nuts
Chain locking pin
Shoulder screw long
Oilite bush
Shoulder screw short
Oilite bush
Cam stop pin
Locking lever return bobbin
Lock lever bobbin retaining screw
Reversing bracket securing screws
Operating handles
Micro reversing switch complete
In feed screw block
Flanged oilite bush
Reversing lever
Pawl block
Pawl block pivot pin
Pawl
Reversing link
In feed adjuster block
Clevis fork
Locking knob
Ratchet wheel bush
Ratchet wheel
Thrust plate
Folding in feed hand wheel
PJ 34/M
5/8 x 1/2 x 3/4
PJ 34/F
PJ 34/G
M8 x 25
PJ 34/H
PJ 34/I
PJ 34/J
M6 x 16 Cap socket
M6 x 30 grub + M6 nut
PJ 34/K
615-19
5/16 x 7/16 x 3/8
615-17
5/16 x 7/16 x 1/4
PJ 34/L
PJ 34/N
M4 x 16
M10 x 30 cap socket
14040M6X15
ZCK-M1H29
PJ 8
FCT 29
PJ 35/C
PJ 35/D
PJ 35/E
PJ 35/F
PJ 34/B
PJ 45
PJ 35G
PJ 33
PJ 35/H
PJ 35/A
PJ 35/B
1991505
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
3
3
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
75
Spin & ATI assembly
Ref
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Description
Base plate
Hinge plate
Motor plate
Hinge pin
hinge locking stud
Spacer washers
16mm Shakeproof washers
16mm ZP Nuts
Square locating dowels
Standard motor mounting brackets
ATI Indexing Motor
Standard spin motor
Drive shaft locking collars
ATI drive shaft
Standard drive shaft
Part No: PJ151
PJ152
PJ153
1/F1
V7-203301
037MO+GB
Qty.
1
1
1
2
2
4
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
76
SECTION 9 - ELECTRICAL DRAWINGS AND PARTS LISTS
77
Control Panel Electrical Parts List
Component
1. Lenze 9231 Servo PLC
2. Lenze Choke Filter
3. Lenze 8200 SMD Inverter
4. PSU 24V Power Unit
5. Pilz Safety Relay
6. Transformer 230V in 415V out
7. Circuit Breakers
CB1 1A - PSU Power Unit in
CB2 2A - PSU Power Unit out
CB3 10A - Transformer
CB4 10A - Lenze Inverter
CB5 4A - Lights
CB6 1A – Pump
8. Door Isolater
9. MCR1 - Control
10. MCR3 - Wheelhead + Overload set at 6.8A
11. MCR2 - Pump
12. R1 - Lights
13. S0 - 24V
14. S1 - 24V
15. 0V
16. L1 - L10
17. N1 - N9
18. Earth Terminals
19. Relay Solenoid
20. Beige Terminals
511
519
512
520
513
521
515
523
Quantity
1
1
1
1
1
1
6
6
7
10
9
9
9
1
8
78
79
80
81
82
SECTION 11 - RISK ASSESSMENT
Risk categories for the design of fail safe control systems
The harmonised European Standard PR EN 954 - 1 for the design of fail-safe control
circuits outlines 5 levels of risk. It is deemed the designer’s responsibility to objectively
identify a risk level for a particular machine and design all safety related systems to that
level.
In general, the following block diagram, figure 40, gives guidelines to the identification of
design risk level, which may be used to help determine the structure of the fail safe
control circuit required on a particular facility.
Figure: 40
S. Severity of injury
S1 - Slight injury (bruise)
S2 - Severe injury (amputation or death)
F. Frequency of exposure to hazard
F1 - Seldom
F2 - Frequent to continuous
P. Possibility of avoiding the hazard
P1 - Possible
P2 - Less possible
L. Likelihood of occurrence (if an interlock fails)
L1 - Very unlikely
L2 - Unlikely
L3 - Highly Likely
83
Requirements of the safety related control circuit to meet the various categories are
listed in section 7 of PR EN 954 - 1, but in general their requirements are as follows :Category B. Safety devices and control systems as a minimum must be designed,
selected and assembled to meet the operational requirements of the design limits and
influence of the processed materials and other external influences. Most domestic
appliances fall into this category, and providing the components are correctly specified
(load, switching frequency etc), then no other special features are required.
Category 1. All conditions B apply, but the safety related system must use 'well tried'
principles and components, (7.2.2 PR EN 954 - 1). Software or electronic logic is not
considered adequate at this level.
Category 2. All conditions of B apply, but in addition the machine shall be prevented
from starting if a fault is detected on power up. This suggests the use of an interface
relay with redundancy and self-checking on energisation. Single channel operation is
permitted providing that the input devices (Em/stop buttons, gate switches) are tested
for operation on a regular basis. If regular testing cannot be guaranteed, then the
designer has little choice but to opt for two channel control.
Category 3. All conditions of B apply, but the complete safety control system shall be
designed so that any single fault shall not lead to the loss of the safety function and,
where practical, the single fault shall be detected. This now calls for not only
redundancy in the interface relay but also in the input devices pointing to dual channel
systems.
Category 4. All of the conditions of B apply. In addition, any single fault must be
detected at or before the next demand on the safety system, or an accumulation of
three faults shall not lead to the loss of the safety functions. In this category single fault
detection is essential, redundancy in both the input and output devices, self checking,
cross monitoring and duel channel control. This level of safety is for dangerous
machines where it is imperative that the safety circuit functions correctly at all times.
Generally, if any input devices are connected to the safety circuit via flexible cables in
vulnerable positions where damage could foresee-ably cause a number of faults, this
level of two channel safety circuit should be used. Also this level of safety circuit is used
where the inputs are vulnerable and are not necessarily being tested by operation of the
safety circuit on a regular basis.
In general all of the above requirements can be met by applying various Pilz safety
products (or equivalent safety relays) in the correct way.
Method of Stopping
When providing a risk assessment for a particular machine, it is also necessary to take
into account the method of stopping required by all of the elements to be incorporated in
its design. This process again allows the machine to be placed into a category
indicating the method of stopping.
The following procedure is used when assessing the method of stopping required as
defined in EN60204 paragraph 9.2.2:
84
Category 0
a) Immediate removal of power to machine actuators or
b) Mechanical disconnection (declutching) between the hazardous elements and their
machine actuators and
c) If necessary braking (uncontrolled stop).
Category 1
Controlled stop with power to the machine actuators available to achieve the stop and
then removal of power when the stop is achieved.
Category 2
Controlled stop with power Left available to the machine actuators.
Emergency Stop Safety Circuit
The Bottom Blade Grinding Machine has been designed to operate safely. When this
machine is examined, it can be seen that all areas of movement on the machine will be
protected, where possible, using fixed guards. There will be Emergency Stop pushbuttons situated at various points around the machine such that the operator will be able
to reach at least one Unit easily.
Using Figure: 1 shown previously, it is possible to provide a risk assessment for this
machine and determine the level of safety control circuit required.
Firstly, the severity of injury on this machine will be regarded as severe (S2), because of
the moving carriage and the wheel-head. Either of which could cause amputation.
Secondly, the frequency of exposure as been taken as continuous (F2). This helps to
increase the safety factor. Thirdly, the possibility of avoiding the hazard as been taken
as possible (P1). We know the operators are skilled and trained to handle this
equipment. Finally, the likelihood of occurrence if an interlock fails on this machine is
being taken as unlikely (L2).
When all of the moving parts on this machine are examined for the required method of
stopping, it can be seen that this machine may be classed as a category 0 machine.
This is due to the fact that all the movement on the machine is via electric motors and if
power is removed from the motors they will cease movement very quickly.
From the above risk assessment, it can be seen that a minimum of a category 2 safety
control circuit will be required on this machine. We have elected to use a Pilz PNOZ
safety relay to provide better than the required category for the Emergency Stop circuit
on this machine. As the machine falls within category 0 for the method of stopping, it is
not necessary to provide any powered stopping procedures and simply removing the
power supply from the moving parts will be adequate.
85
Download PDF