Manley | Cardioid | Owner`s manual | Manley Cardioid Owner`s manual

MANLEY
LABORATORIES, INC.
OWNER'S MANUAL
MANLEY
REFERENCE
MICROPHONES
MANLEY LABORATORIES, INC.
13880 MAGNOLIA AVE.
CHINO, CA. 91710
TEL: (909) 627-4256
FAX: (909) 628-2482
CONTENTS
SECTION
PAGE
INTRODUCTION
3
MICROPHONE CONTROLS
5
GENERAL NOTES
6
MAINS CONNECTIONS
7
POWER SUPPLY
8
WARRANTY
9
WARRANTY REGISTRATION
10
INTRODUCTION
THANK YOU!...
for choosing the Manley Laboratories REFERENCE MICROPHONES This manual covers the
following models: Reference Stereo Multi-Pattern Microphone, Reference Gold Microphone
(mono), and Reference Cardioid Microphone. Please read over this manual carefully as it
contains information essential to proper operation of this unit.
GENERAL NOTES
MANLEY microphones will beat all-comers on grounds of sheer naturalness of the sound without
coloration or perceivable sonic signature. The design is optimised for extremely wide frequency
response (10 Hz to 60 KHz) and exceptionally accurate transient response.
Visually impressive, the Mics inspire confidence in artists and producers. The microphone body
is machined from brass providing excellent shielding properties, polished to a high lustre, then
plated with 24 karat gold for an impressive finish. (Cardioid uses an aluminum casing.) We have
chosen a very open weave stainless-steel grille for the capsule window for zero-loss acoustical
transmission. You may notice the that the capsule will move slightly when the Microphone is
moved. This is a second defense to prevent unwanted vibrations from being picked up by the
capsule. The capsule itself is mounted onto a neoprene-rubber shock-mount such as those used
for aerospace gyroscopes.
The MANLEY GOLD REFERENCE MULTI-PATTERN MICROPHONES use our own design
of large diaphragm capsule (1.25 inch overall, 1 inch diaphragm diameter) which are executed
to precise tolerances made possible by modern micro-milling machinery available today in
California. The capsule rings and back-plates are milled from solid brass and are mounted on
Teflon insulator rings. The gold diaphragm film comes from Germany and is tensioned using
proprietary techniques which ensures capsule-to-capsule constancy. We have found the 3 micron
gauge gold film to exhibit inherently stable characteristics over years (unlike thinner diaphragms)
while still maintaining the speed, “air”, and ultra-high frequency response. (Cardioid uses 6
micron on its one "live" side.)
The tube electronics found in the MANLEY REFERENCE SERIES MICROHONES consist of
two triodes per capsule in cascade forming an entire gain-block. The tube employed is a dualtriode SOVTEK 12AX7LPS,easily obtainable and replaceable, mounted in a ceramic socket with
pure silver pins. The output is coupled through a custom built output transformer of unparalleled
quality and substantial physical size employing pure nickel laminations, “hum bucking” bi-filar
windings, all encased in mu-metal. The polar pattern control is continuously variable between the
OMNI, CARDIOID, and FIGURE 8 positions on the Gold series.
The base of the microphone holds a locking 3 ( or 5 for stereo ) pin gold XLR connector for the
audio signal out enabling usage of your own preference of audio cable. A detachable threaded 4pin connector for the 30 foot power supply cable carries the stringently filtered B+ and regulated
heater voltages from the separate power supply. (Cardioid uses conventional stystem of one cable
to the PSU where the audio is picked off there at the gold 3 pin XLR.)
Our precision suspension system is provided with each REFERENCE MICROPHONE. Because the
entire working “guts” of the microphone may be removed for service in one piece from the housing, it
is envisioned that the microphone need not be removed from the suspension. We also provide a very
useful swivel of our own design with every REFERENCE; its T-bar handle and locking clutch action
require no tools to adjust. The open mesh design of the mic allows all the highs to reach the capsule
unimpared and allows the engineer to choose if, when and how much pop screen is appropriate.Vocal
"pops" may distort the capsule without a pop screen. Air movement and wind can overload a good
capacitor mic capsule much easier than loud levels.We strongly recommend a good 2 layer nylon pop
screen with this mic on close vocals. A built in foam screen needs built in HF boost - Not here. And no
MANLEY microphone would be complete without a genuine leather capsule protector with soft velour
lining which slips (and ties) onto the end of the microphone to protect the capsule when not in use. Each
GOLD REFERENCE MICROPHONE is packaged complete in a sturdy case.
The STEREO version of our GOLD REFERENCE microphone is identical in every respect to the
MONO GOLD REFERENCE but with two complete systems installed in one case with the upper
capsule being fixed and the lower capsule being continuously ROTATABLE through 90º for M-S and
X-Y BLUMLEIN-STYLE coincident pair recording technique. Each capsule has its own continuously
variable PATTERN control and individual -10dB PAD switch for close miking of extra-ordinarily
powerful brass and other instruments.
Custom versions for field use containing the ENTIRE MICROPHONE PREAMPLIFIER are also
available to special order. These custom Mics are transformerless and are unbalanced at the outputs but
will drive low impedance loads and long cables. Pin Out of this transformerless UNbalanced custom
version is: pin 1 & 3 ground, pin 2 hot. There is a small control at the base of the mic that sets the output
level. We suggest that the input stage receiving the Mic be capable of variable gain of at least plus and
minus 24 dB for general purpose use. We recommend our STEREO 10 dB LIMITER / COMPRESSOR
for these mics as it has 24 dB available gain, transformer balanced inputs and outputs and transparent
limiting if needed. We can build a custom unit with M/S decoded outputs if ordered as such.
MICROPHONE CONTROLS
A - PATTERN SELECT CONTROL (GOLD MODELS)
This control provides the user with a choice of any typical polar patterns. Many
high quality condenser Microphones give the user 3 or 4 patterns only. We chose
to provide you with an infinite number of patterns via this control. For example,
a setting between the "heart shaped" CARDIOID and FIGURE 8 will result in
"SUPER-CARDIOID" and "HYPER-CARDIOID" patterns.
"TRICK": Remember from basic theory that PROXIMITY EFFECT is primarily
affected by the polar pattern. Often with vocalists one wants a certain amount of
bass boost associated with certain mics and certain distances. Rather than just
hoping that the CARDIOID setting will do the right thing, this time try adjusting
the PATTERN SELECT POT to "dial in" the amount of proximity effect for this
particular vocal. More OMNI will give less PROXIMITY EFFECT while more
FIGURE 8 will bring in more lows. In other words, while this is only true for close
miking, the PATTERN SELECT can be an effective bass control.
NOTE: Compared to many Microphones, the Manley Reference Gold Microphones
exibit less proximity effect for a given close distance. This, we feel is a clear
advantage. Most engineers we consulted preferred the options of bass control from
the console rather than the typical situation where a few inches of distance can
make or break a take. We also chose to allow the frequency response of the
Reference Mics to extend below 20 Hz. Some mics seem to have a low frequency
resonance that can be desirable at times while boomy or tubby at other times. Our
goal was and is "flat and natural".
NOTE: You may also notice that as the pattern becomes more FIGURE 8 that
certain air conditioning rumbles and room noise exibit reduced pick-up.
B - 10 dB PAD SWITCH (ALL MODELS)
This tiny switch near the base of the Microphone Body reduces the signal by 10
dB. Rather than changing the capsule voltage or adding a resistor into the signal
path we chose a better technique. We change the amount of negative feedback
derived from a dedicated transformer winding. While the tube circuit will handle
any signal the capsule can deliver the pad may be needed with some pre-amps. If
you suspect that the mic is distorting, first try a different mic pre. The capsule is
rated for 150 dB SPL but wind or air movement are exceptions. A pop filter will
be needed for close vocals.
GENERAL NOTES
CONNECTIONS
GOLD MODELS - carefully connect the 4 pin power cables to the mic and power supply. Line up
the groove and ridge of these connectors to prevent accidental damage. Next connect a known good
mic cable. We designed this mic to allow the user their choice of high quality cable.
CARDIOID MODELS - connect 6 pins cable (supllied with mic) between PSU and mic. Audio
comes from separate 3 pin XLR on the PSU.
If possible use a short cable and a high quality micpreamplifier ( with the phantom power turned
off ) located near the mic. This, usually, is the best for audio quality. Try to avoid running the mic
signal thru a patch bay or extra connectors and wires. Attach the Mic securely to a good mic stand
and and lay the cables so that people can not trip over the cable or topple the stand. Connect the
power supply to the wall outlet and turn on the supply. Let the mic warm up for at least 5 minutes
before using.
If the 4 pin power or XLR connectors become loose over time, they can be easily tightened with
a 1/16" allen key at the base of the mic.
WATER & MOISTURE
As with any electrical equipment, this unit should not be used near water or moisture. In rare
situations moisture from breath may temporarily cause loss of output from condenser mics. Do not
use a blower or heat to accelerate drying. Extreme humidity may comprimise the performance of
some high value ( 500 MΩ and 200 MΩ ) resistors in the circuit. If liquid enters the unit, it must
be immediately returned to your dealer for servicing.
SERVICING
The user should not attempt to service this unit beyond that described in the owner's manual. Refer
all servicing to Manley Laboratories.
WARNING!
TO PREVENT THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN THE POWER SUPPLY CABINET
OR REMOVE THE SHELL OFF THE MICROPHONE.
-------- HIGH VOLTAGES --------REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED PERSONEL
MAINS CONNECTIONS
Your unit has been factory set to the correct mains voltage for your country. The voltage
setting is marked on the serial badge, located on the rear panel. Check that this complies
with your local supply.
Export units for certain markets have a moulded mains plug fitted to comply with local
requirements. If your unit does not have a plug fitted the coloured wires should be connected to the appropriate plug terminals in accordance with the following code.
GREEN/YELLOW
BLUE
BROWN
EARTH
NEUTRAL
LIVE
terminal
terminal
terminal
As the colours of the wires in the mains lead may not correspond with the coloured marking
identifying the terminals in your plug proceed as follows;
The wire which is coloured GREEN/YELLOW must be connected to the terminal in the
plug which is marked by the letter E or by the safety earth symbol or coloured GREEN or
GREEN and YELLOW.
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be connected to the terminal in the plug which is
marked by the letter N or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be connected to the terminal in the plug which is
marked by the letter L or coloured RED.
DO NOT CONNECT / SWITCH ON THE MAINS SUPPLY UNTIL ALL OTHER
CONNECTIONS HAVE BEEN MADE.
POWER SUPPLY
GOLD PSU BACK
ALL MODELS: FRONT
B
D
A
E
C
A IEC POWER CONNECTOR: Connector for AC power input.
B FUSE HOLDER:
Replace with 1A SLO-BLO fuse only.
C VOLTAGE CHANGEOVER SWITCH: Set for the correct mains voltage for
your area by rotating the centre section with a flat screwdriver.
D MICROPHONE POWER CONNECTOR: Align notch with supplied cable and
carefully insert. Tighten by turning outside barrel clock-wise.
E Power Switch: Pressing the top of this switch turns the supply on.
SPECIFICATIONS GOLD SERIES
MICROPHONE TYPE:
POLAR PATTERNS:
DIAPHRAGM SIZE:
DIAPHRAGM THICKNESS:
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
MAXIMUM INPUT SPL:
SENSITIVITY:
AMPLIFIER TYPE:
ACTIVE COMPONENTS
OUTPUT TYPE :
OUTPUT POLARITY:
AMPLIFIER DISTORTION:
AMPLIFIER NOISE:
BODY:
DUAL LARGE DIAPHRAGM CAPACITOR
CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE
1 INCH ; 1.25 INCH OVERALL
3 MICRON; GOLD SPUTTERED
10 HZ to 30 KHZ, AMPLIFIER to 60 KHZ
150 dBSPL AT CAPSULE
19mV/Pa
2 TRIODE GAIN BLOCK LO Z OUTPUT
1) 12AX7LPS TUBE (2 for STEREO MICS)
TRANSFORMER WITH FEEDBACK LOOP
BALANCED XLR, PIN 2 HOT, PIN 3 LOW
LESS THAN .05 %
TYPICALLY -120 dB EIN (TUBE DEPENDENT)
24 KARAT GOLD OVER MACHINED BRASS
WARRANTY
All Manley Laboratories equipment is covered by a limited warranty against defects in materials
and workmanship for a period of 90 days from date of purchase to the original purchaser only. A
further optional limited 5 year warranty is available to the original purchaser upon proper
registration of ownership within 30 days of date of first purchase.
Proper registration is made by filling out and returning to the factory the warranty card attached to
this general warranty statement, along with a copy of the original sales receipt as proof of the
original date of purchase. Only 1 card is issued with each unit, and the serial number is already
recorded on it.
If the warranty registration card has already been removed then this is not a new unit, and is
therefore not warranted by the factory. If you believe this to be a new unit then please contact the
factory with the details of purchase.
This warranty is provided by the dealer where the unit was purchased, and by Manley Laboratories,
Inc. Under the terms of the warranty defective parts will be repaired or replaced without charge,
excepting the cost of tubes. No warranty is offered on tubes, unless:
1. a Manley Laboratories preamplifier is used with a Manley Laboratories amplifier, and
2. the warranty registration card is filled out.
In such a case a 6 month warranty on tubes is available with the correct recording of the serial
number of the preamplifier on your warranty registration card.
If a Manley Laboratories product fails to meet the above warranty, then the purchaser's sole
remedy shall be to return the product to Manley Laboratories, where the defect will be repaired
without charge for parts and labour. The product will then be returned via prepaid, insured freight,
method and carrier to be determined solely by Manley Laboratories. All returns to the factory must
be in the original packing, (new packing will be supplied for no charge if needed), accompanied by
a written description of the defect, and must be shipped to Manley Laboratories via insured freight
at the customer's own expense. Charges for unauthorized service and transportation costs are not
reimbursable under this warranty, and all warrantees, express or implied, become null and void
where the product has been damaged by misuse, accident, neglect, modification, tampering or
unauthorized alteration by anyone other than Manley Laboratories.
The warrantor assumes no liability for property damage or any other incidental or consequental
damage whatsoever which may result from failure of this product. Any and all warrantees of
merchantability and fitness implied by law are limited to the duration of the expressed warranty.
All warrantees apply only to Manley Laboratories products purchased and used in the USA.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above
limitations may not apply to you. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental
or consequential damges, so the above exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which vary from
state to state.
WARRANTY REGISTRATION
We ask that you please fill out this registration form and send the bottom half to:
MANLEY LABORATORIES
REGISTRATION DEPARTMENT
13880 MAGNOLIA AVE.
CHINO CA, 91710
OR you may fax in to: (909) 628-2482
Registration entitles you to product support, full warranty benefits, and notice of product
enhancements and upgrades. You MUST complete and return the following to validate
your warranty and registration. Thank you again for choosing Manley Laboratories.
MODEL _______________SERIALNo.______________________
PURCHASE DATE __________ SUPPLIER __________________
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PLEASE DETACH THIS PORTION AND SEND IT TO MANLEY LABORATORIES
MODEL _________________SERIAL No. __________________
PURCHASE DATE ________ SUPPLIER ___________________
NAME OF OWNER_____________________________________________
NAME OF STUDIO_____________________________________________
ADDRESS
_______________________________________________
CITY, STATE, ZIP
_______________________________________________
TELEPHONE NUMBER
_______________________________________________
COMMENTS?????!!!!!_____________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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