Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
DESCRIPTION
APPLICATIONS
The Powercast P2110 Powerharvester
receiver is an RF energy harvesting device
that converts RF to DC. Housed in a compact
SMD package, the P2110 receiver provides
RF
energy
harvesting
and
power
management for battery-free, micro-power
devices. The P2110 converts RF energy to
DC and stores it in a capacitor. When a
charge threshold on the capacitor is
achieved, the P2110 boosts the voltage to
the set output voltage level and enables the
voltage output. When the charge on the
capacitor declines to the low voltage
threshold the voltage output is turned off. A
microprocessor can be used to optimize the
power usage from the P2110 and obtain
other data from the component for
improving overall system operation.
•
•
•
Battery-free wireless sensors
- Industrial Monitoring
- Smart Grid
- Structural Health Monitoring
- Defense
- Building automation
- Agriculture
- Oil & Gas
- Location-aware services
Wireless trigger
Low power electronics
NC
NC
GND
GND
VCAP
NC
GND
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
High conversion efficiency
Converts low-level RF signals enabling
long range applications
Regulated voltage output up to 5.25V
Up to 50mA output current
Received signal strength indicator
No external RF components required Internally matched to 50 ohms
Wide RF operating range
Operation down to -11.5 dBm input
power
Externally resettable for microprocessor
control
Industrial temperature range
RoHS compliant
DOUT
•
•
DSET
FEATURES
PIN CONFIGURATION
NC
1
14
NC
GND
2
13
DOUT
RFIN
3
12
VOUT
GND
4
11
GND
DSET
5
10
VSET
INT
6
RESET
7
P2110
XXXXXX
9
NC
8
VCAP
Powerharvester and Powercast are registered trademarks of Powercast Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Rev A –2010/04
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 1
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
TA = 25°C, unless otherwise noted.
Parameter
Rating
Unit
RF Input Power
23
dBm
RFIN to GND
0
V
DSET to GND
6
V
RESET to GND
6
V
VCAP to GND
2.3
V
VOUT to GND
6
V
VOUT Current
100
mA
Operating Temperature Range
-40 to 85
°C
Storage Temperature Range
-40 to 140
°C
Exceeding the
absolute maximum
ratings may cause
permanent
damage to the
device.
ESD CAUTION
This is an ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Proper ESD
precautions should be taken to avoid degradation or damage to the
component.
PIN FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Pin
1
2
3
Label
NC
GND
RFIN
4
5
GND
DSET
6
7
8
9
10
INT
RESET
VCAP
NC
VSET
11
12
GND
VOUT
13
DOUT
14
NC
Rev A –2010/04
Function
No Connection.
RF Ground. Connect to analog ground plane.
RF Input. Connect to 50Ω antenna through a 50Ω transmission line. Add a DC block
if antenna is a DC short.
RF Ground. Connect to analog ground plane.
Digital Input. Set to enable measurement of harvested power. If this function is not
desired leave NC.
Digital Output. Indicates that voltage is present at VOUT.
Digital Input. Set to disable VOUT. If this function is not desired leave NC.
Connect to an external capacitor for energy storage.
No Connection.
Output Voltage Adjustment. Sets the output voltage by connecting a resistor to VOUT
or GND. Leave NC for 3.3V.
DC Ground. Connect to analog ground plane.
DC Output. Connect to external device. The output is preset to 3.3V but can be
adjusted with an external resistor.
Analog Output. Provides an analog voltage level corresponding to the harvested
power.
No Connection.
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 2
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
SPECIFICATIONS
TA = 25°C, VOUT = 3.3V unless otherwise noted.
Parameter
Symbol
1
RF Characteristics
Input Power
RFIN
Frequency
DC Characteristics
Output Voltage
VOUT
Output Current
IOUT
VCAP Maximum
VMAX
VCAP Minimum
VMIN
Signal Strength
DOUT
Boost Efficiency
Maximum INT Current
Digital Characteristics
RESET Input High
DSET Input High
INT Output High
Timing Characteristics
DSET Delay
RESET Delay
RESET Pulse Width
Condition
Min
Typ
-10
902
1.8
3.3
Max
Unit
10
928
dBm
MHz
5.25
50
V
mA
V
V
mV
%
mA
1.25
1.02
275
85
0.1
RFIN = 0dBm
IOUT = 20mA
1
1.8
VMIN
VMIN
50
6.6
20
V
V
V
µs
µs
ns
1
See typical performance graphs for operation at other frequencies or power levels.
TIMING DIAGRAM
Rev A –2010/04
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 3
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
RF INPUT (RFIN)
The RF input is an unbalanced input from
the antenna. Any standard or custom 50Ω
antenna may be used with the receiver.
The P2110 has been optimized for
operation in the 902-928MHz band but will
operate outside this band with reduced
efficiency. Contact Powercast for custom
frequency requirements.
The RF input must be isolated from ground.
For antennas that are a DC short, a high-Q
DC blocking capacitor should be added in
series with the antenna.
STORAGE CAPACITOR SELECTION (VCAP)
The P2110 requires an external storage
capacitor. The value of the capacitor will
determine the amount of energy available
from the VOUT pin. The capacitor should
have a leakage current as small as possible.
It is recommended that the leakage current
of the capacitor be less than 1μA at 1.2V.
The capacitor ESR should be 200mΩ or less.
Smaller capacitors will charge more quickly
but will result in shorter operation cycles.
Larger capacitors will charge more slowly,
but will provide for longer operation cycles.
The required capacitor value can be
estimated using the following equation.
C = 15 VOUT IOUT tON
When using the RESET function, the size of
the capacitor is less important. A larger
capacitor can be used to facilitate
intermittent functions that require more
energy. The RESET will control the amount
of energy removed from the capacitor
during operation which will minimize the
required recharge time. It should be noted
that when RESET is used, a larger capacitor
will not affect charge time during operation,
but it will require more time to initially
charge from a completely discharged state.
The voltage on the VCAP pin under normal
operation will vary between approximately
1.25V and 1.02V. If the harvested energy
becomes too large, the voltage on the CAP
pin will be internally clamped to protect low
voltage supercapacitors.
Clamping will
begin at approximately 1.8V and will limit
the voltage to less than 2.3V at the
maximum rated input power.
RSSI OPERATION (DOUT, DSET)
The RSSI functionality allows the sampling
of the received signal to provide an
indication of the amount of energy being
harvested. When DSET is driven high the
harvested DC power will be directed to an
internal
sense
resistor,
and
the
corresponding voltage will be provided to
the DOUT pin. The voltage on the DOUT pin
can be read after a 50μs settling time.
Where,
VOUT - Output voltage of the P2110
IOUT - Average output current from the P2110
tON - On-time of the output voltage
Rev A –2010/04
When the RSSI functionality is being used,
the harvested DC power is not being stored.
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 4
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
The DOUT pin provides indirect access to the
storage capacitor. Under certain circumstances, an unpowered microprocessor
connected to this pin can provide a
significant load to the storage capacitor. To
eliminate this leakage current, an external
NMOS should be connected between the
DOUT pin and the microprocessor. The gate
of the NMOS should be tied to the DSET pin.
The drain should be tied to the DOUT pin and
the source to the microprocessor. The
threshold voltage of the NMOS should be
one volt or less.
If the RSSI functionality is not used, the DOUT
and DSET pins should be left as no connects.
The DSET pin has an internal pull down.
RESET
The RESET function allows the voltage from
VOUT to be turned off before the storage
capacitor reaches the lower threshold, VMIN,
thereby saving energy and improving the
recharge time back to the activation
threshold, VMAX. The RESET function can be
implemented by a microcontroller. When
the function of the microcontroller is
completed, driving the RESET pin high will
disable the voltage from VOUT. Care should
be taken to ensure that the microcontroller,
especially during power-on, does not
inadvertently drive this pin high. This will
immediately shutdown the output voltage.
If the RESET functionality is not used, the
RESET pin should be left as a no connect.
The RESET pin has an internal pull down.
INTERRUPT (INT)
The INT pin provides a digital indication that
voltage is present at the VOUT pin. This pin
Rev A –2010/04
can be used in more sophisticated systems
that contain other storage elements and
can be used as an external interrupt to
bring a device such as microcontroller out
of a deep sleep mode. The digital high level
of the INT pin will be between VMIN and
VMAX. The INT pin can provide a maximum
of 0.1mA of current.
If the INT functionality is not used, the INT
pin should be left as a no connect.
SETTING THE OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VOUT)
The DC output voltage from the P2110 is
preset to 3.3V. However, it can be adjusted
by adding an external resistor to increase or
decrease the output voltage using the
following equations.
To decrease the output voltage, place a
resistor calculated by the following
equation from VSET to VOUT. The voltage can
be set to a minimum of 1.8V.
R=
249k (VOUT − 1.195 )
3.32 − VOUT
To increase the output voltage, place a
resistor calculated by the following
equation from VSET to GND. The voltage can
be set to a maximum of 5.25V.
R=
297.47 k
VOUT − 3.32
LAYOUT CONSIDERATIONS
The RFIN feed line should be designed as a
50Ω trace and should be as short as
possible to minimize feed line losses. The
following table provides recommended
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 5
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
dimensions for 50Ω feed lines (CPWG) for
different circuit board configurations.
PCB Side View
Material
FR4
(εr = 4.2)
FR4
(εr = 4.2)
Thickness
(H)
62
Trace Width
(S)
50
Spacing
(W)
9
31
50
20
*All dimensions are in mils.
The GND pins on each side of the RFIN pin
should be connected to the PCB ground
plane through a via located next to the pads
under the receiver.
When setting the output voltage, the
resistor connected to the VSET pin should be
as close as possible to the pin. No external
capacitance should be added to this pin.
The DOUT pin can contain low-level analog
voltage signals. If a long trace is connected
to this pin, additional filtering capacitance
next to the A/D converter may be required.
Additional capacitance on this pin will
increase the DSET delay time.
The trace from VCAP to the storage capacitor
should be as short as possible and have a
width of greater than 20mils to minimize
the series resistance of the trace.
Rev A –2010/04
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 6
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE GRAPHS
TA = 25°C, VOUT = 3.3V, VCAP = 1.2V, unless otherwise noted.
Powerharvester Efficiency
vs. RFIN (dBm)
Powerharvester Efficiency
vs. RFIN (mW)
Powerharvester Efficiency
vs. Frequency
Powerharvester Efficiency
vs. Frequency
Rev A –2010/04
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 7
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE GRAPHS
TA = 25°C, VOUT = 3.3V, VCAP = 1.2V, unless otherwise noted.
Received Signal Strength Indicator
vs. RFIN (dBm)
Received Signal Strength Indicator
vs. RFIN (mW)
Initial CAP Charge Time to First
Activation vs. RFIN (dBm)
Initial CAP Charge Time to First
Activation vs. RFIN (mW)
Rev A –2010/04
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 8
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
TYPICAL APPLICATION
A typical application for the P2110 is to provide power for low-power, battery-free wireless
sensors. Charge is stored in an external capacitor and when the activation threshold, VMAX, is
reached, VOUT is switched on to the configured voltage until the lower threshold, VMIN, is
reached or a RESET is applied, at which point VOUT is turned off.
The typical circuit shown was tested with a common microprocessor and 2.4GHz radio module.
The circuit included temperature, humidity, and light level sensors. The microprocessor, when
powered from the P2110, would read data from the three sensors. This data was transmitted
along with a node ID and the RSSI value back to a computer. The battery-free wireless sensor
used approximately 15mA of average current at 3.3V for 10ms. The performance data can be
seen in the following figures.
Power Receiving
Antenna
VOUT
Communication
Antenna
RFIN
P2110
RESET
DSET
DOUT
INT
CAP
Microprocessor
Radio module
GND
Sensors
Rev A –2010/04
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
Page 9
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
PERFORMANCE DATA FROM TYPICAL APPLICATION
TA = 25°C, VOUT = 3.3V
Packet Transmissions per Hour
vs. RFIN (dBm)
Packet Transmissions per Hour
vs. RFIN (mW)
Time between Packets using RESET
vs. RFIN (dBm)
Time between Packets using RESET
vs. RFIN (mW)
Rev A –2010/04
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
P a g e 10
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS
0.125 ± 0.010
0.156 ± 0.015
0.031 ± 0.005
0.550 ± 0.010
0.015 ± 0.010
0.025 ± 0.010
Pin 1 Mark
0.530 ± 0.010
P2110
xxxxxx
0.065
0.070
0.625
0.550
1
14
2
13
3
12
P2110
Recommended
Land Pattern
4
5
11
0.390
0.440
0.530
10
0.065
6
0.050
7
0.015
9
Component Outline
8
0.045
0.075
Rev A –2010/04
*Dimensions in inches
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
P a g e 11
Product Datasheet
P2110 – 915 MHz RF Powerharvester™ Receiver
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Information furnished by Powercast Corporation (Powercast) is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Powercast for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from its use.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of
Powercast. Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
POWERCAST PRODUCTS (INCLUDING HARDWARE AND/OR SOFTWARE) ARE NOT DESIGNED OR
INTENDED TO BE FAIL-SAFE, FAULT TOLERANT OR FOR USE IN ANY APPLICATION THAT COULD
LEAD TO DEATH, PERSONAL INJURY OR SEVERE PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE
(INDIVIDUALLY AND COLLECTIVELY, “CRITICAL APPLICATIONS”), SUCH AS LIFE-SUPPORT OR
SAFETY DEVICES OR SYSTEMS, CLASS III MEDICAL DEVICES, NUCLEAR FACILITIES, APPLICATIONS
THAT AFFECT CONTROL OF A VEHICLE OR AIRCRAFT, APPLICATIONS RELATED TO THE
DEPLOYMENT OF AIRBAGS, OR ANY OTHER CRITICAL APPLICATIONS. CUSTOMER AGREES, PRIOR
TO USING OR DISTRIBUTING ANY SYSTEMS THAT INCORPORATE POWERCAST PRODUCTS, TO
THOROUGHLY TEST THE SAME FOR SAFETY PURPOSES. CUSTOMER ASSUMES THE SOLE RISK
AND LIABILITY OF ANY USE OF POWERCAST PRODUCTS IN CRITICAL APPLICATIONS, SUBJECT
ONLY TO APPLICABLE LAWS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING LIMITATIONS ON PRODUCT
LIABILITY.
Powercast warrants its products in accordance with Powercast’s standard warranty available at
www.powercastco.com.
Rev A –2010/04
© 2010 Powercast Corporation, All rights reserved.
www.powercastco.com
+1 800-963-6538
P a g e 12
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