Fiche technique DS1302

Fiche technique DS1302
LE
AVAILAB
DS1302
Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
ORDERING INFORMATION
PART
DS1302+
DS1302N+
DS1302S+
DS1302SN+
DS1302Z+
DS1302ZN+
TEMP RANGE
0°C to +70°C
Functional
Diagrams
-40°C to +85°C
0°C to +70°C
-40°C to +85°C
0°C to +70°C
-40°C to +85°C
TOP VIEW
VCC2
1
8
VCC1
X1
2
7
SCLK
X2
3
6
I/O
GND
4
5
CE
DS1302
Real-Time Clock Counts Seconds, Minutes,
Hours, Date of the Month, Month, Day of the
Week, and Year with Leap-Year
Compensation Valid Up to 2100
31 x 8 Battery-Backed General-Purpose RAM
Serial I/O for Minimum Pin Count
2.0V to 5.5V Full Operation
Uses Less than 300nA at 2.0V
Single-Byte or Multiple-Byte (Burst Mode)
Data Transfer for Read or Write of Clock or
RAM Data
8-Pin DIP or Optional 8-Pin SO for Surface
Mount
Simple 3-Wire Interface
TTL-Compatible (VCC = 5V)
Optional Industrial Temperature Range:
-40°C to +85°C
DS1202 Compatible
Underwriters Laboratories (UL®)
Recognized
PIN CONFIGURATIONS
DIP (300 mils)
VCC2
1
8
VCC1
X1
2
7
SCLK
X2
3
6
I/O
GND
4
5
CE
DS1302
FEATURES
SO (208 mils/150 mils)
PIN-PACKAGE
8 PDIP (300 mils)
8 PDIP (300 mils)
8 SO (208 mils)
8 SO (208 mils)
8 SO (150 mils)
8 SO (150 mils)
TOP MARK*
DS1302
DS1302
DS1302S
DS1302S
DS1302Z
DS1302ZN
+Denotes a lead-free/RoHS-compliant package.
*An N anywhere on the top mark indicates an industrial temperature grade device. A + anywhere on the top mark indicates a lead-free device.
UL is a registered trademark of Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
Pin Configurations appear at end of data sheet.
Functional Diagrams continued at end of data sheet.
UCSP is a trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct
at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxim’s website at www.maximintegrated.com.
REV: 120208
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
The DS1302 trickle-charge timekeeping chip contains a real-time clock/calendar and 31 bytes of static RAM. It
communicates with a microprocessor via a simple serial interface. The real-time clock/calendar provides seconds,
minutes, hours, day, date, month, and year information. The end of the month date is automatically adjusted for
months with fewer than 31 days, including corrections for leap year. The clock operates in either the 24-hour or
12-hour format with an AM/PM indicator.
Interfacing the DS1302 with a microprocessor is simplified by using synchronous serial communication. Only three
wires are required to communicate with the clock/RAM: CE, I/O (data line), and SCLK (serial clock). Data can be
transferred to and from the clock/RAM 1 byte at a time or in a burst of up to 31 bytes. The DS1302 is designed to
operate on very low power and retain data and clock information on less than 1μW.
The DS1302 is the successor to the DS1202. In addition to the basic timekeeping functions of the DS1202, the
DS1302 has the additional features of dual power pins for primary and backup power supplies, programmable
trickle charger for VCC1, and seven additional bytes of scratchpad memory.
OPERATION
Figure 1 shows the main elements of the serial timekeeper: shift register, control logic, oscillator, real-time clock,
and RAM.
TYPICAL OPERATING CIRCUIT
VCC
X1
X2
CE
CPU
I/O
DS1302
SCLK
VCC2
VCC
VCC1
GND
2 of 13
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
Figure 1. Block Diagram
X2
vCC1
vCC2
POWER
CONTROL
GND
X1
DS1302
CL
CE
CL
1Hz
INPUT SHIFT
REGISTERS
I/O
COMMAND AND
CONTROL LOGIC
REAL TIME
CLOCK
31 X 8 RAM
SCLK
TYPICAL OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
(VCC = 3.3V, TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
ICC1T vs. VCC1T
400
350
25
SUPPLY CURRENT (uA)
SUPPLY CURRENT (nA)
ICC2T vs. VCC2T
30
300
250
200
20
15
10
150
100
5
2.0
3.0
VCC1 (V)
4.0
2.0
5.0
3 of 13
3.0
VCC2 (V)
4.0
5.0
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
PIN DESCRIPTION
PIN
NAME
FUNCTION
Primary Power-Supply Pin in Dual Supply Configuration. VCC1 is connected to a
backup source to maintain the time and date in the absence of primary power. The
DS1302 operates from the larger of VCC1 or VCC2. When VCC2 is greater than VCC1 +
0.2V, VCC2 powers the DS1302. When VCC2 is less than VCC1, VCC1 powers the
DS1302.
1
VCC2
2
X1
3
X2
4
GND
5
CE
Input. CE signal must be asserted high during a read or a write. This pin has an
internal 40kΩ (typ) pulldown resistor to ground. Note: Previous data sheet revisions
referred to CE as RST. The functionality of the pin has not changed.
6
I/O
Input/Push-Pull Output. The I/O pin is the bidirectional data pin for the 3-wire
interface. This pin has an internal 40kΩ (typ) pulldown resistor to ground.
7
SCLK
8
VCC1
Connections for Standard 32.768kHz Quartz Crystal. The internal oscillator is
designed for operation with a crystal having a specified load capacitance of 6pF.
For more information on crystal selection and crystal layout considerations, refer to
Application Note 58: Crystal Considerations for Dallas Real-Time Clocks. The
DS1302 can also be driven by an external 32.768kHz oscillator. In this
configuration, the X1 pin is connected to the external oscillator signal and the X2 pin
is floated.
Ground
Input. SCLK is used to synchronize data movement on the serial interface. This pin
has an internal 40kΩ (typ) pulldown resistor to ground.
Low-Power Operation in Single Supply and Battery-Operated Systems and LowPower Battery Backup. In systems using the trickle charger, the rechargeable
energy source is connected to this pin. UL recognized to ensure against reverse
charging current when used with a lithium battery. Go to www.maximic.com/TechSupport/QA/ntrl.htm.
4 of 13
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT
The DS1302 uses an external 32.768kHz crystal. The oscillator circuit does not require any external resistors or
capacitors to operate. Table 1 specifies several crystal parameters for the external crystal. Figure 1 shows a
functional schematic of the oscillator circuit. If using a crystal with the specified characteristics, the startup time is
usually less than one second.
CLOCK ACCURACY
The accuracy of the clock is dependent upon the accuracy of the crystal and the accuracy of the match between
the capacitive load of the oscillator circuit and the capacitive load for which the crystal was trimmed. Additional
error will be added by crystal frequency drift caused by temperature shifts. External circuit noise coupled into the
oscillator circuit may result in the clock running fast. Figure 2 shows a typical PC board layout for isolating the
crystal and oscillator from noise. Refer to Application Note 58: Crystal Considerations for Dallas Real-Time Clocks
for detailed information.
Table 1. Crystal Specifications*
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
Nominal Frequency
MIN
fO
Series Resistance
ESR
Load Capacitance
CL
TYP
MAX
32.768
UNITS
kHz
45
6
kΩ
pF
*The crystal, traces, and crystal input pins should be isolated from RF generating signals. Refer to
Application Note 58: Crystal Considerations for Dallas Real-Time Clocks for additional specifications.
Figure 2. Typical PC Board Layout for Crystal
LOCAL GROUND PLANE (LAYER 2)
X1
NOTE: AVOID ROUTING SIGNALS IN THE
CROSSHATCHED AREA (UPPER LEFTHAND QUADRANT) OF THE PACKAGE
UNLESS THERE IS A GROUND PLANE
BETWEEN THE SIGNAL LINE AND THE
PACKAGE.
CRYSTAL
X2
GND
COMMAND BYTE
Figure 3 shows the command byte. A command byte initiates each data transfer. The MSB (bit 7) must be a logic
1. If it is 0, writes to the DS1302 will be disabled. Bit 6 specifies clock/calendar data if logic 0 or RAM data if logic 1.
Bits 1 to 5 specify the designated registers to be input or output, and the LSB (bit 0) specifies a write operation
(input) if logic 0 or read operation (output) if logic 1. The command byte is always input starting with the LSB (bit 0).
Figure 3. Address/Command Byte
7
1
6
RAM
CK
5
4
3
2
1
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
5 of 13
0
RD
WR
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
CE AND CLOCK CONTROL
Driving the CE input high initiates all data transfers. The CE input serves two functions. First, CE turns on the
control logic that allows access to the shift register for the address/command sequence. Second, the CE signal
provides a method of terminating either single-byte or multiple-byte CE data transfer.
A clock cycle is a sequence of a rising edge followed by a falling edge. For data inputs, data must be valid during
the rising edge of the clock and data bits are output on the falling edge of clock. If the CE input is low, all data
transfer terminates and the I/O pin goes to a high-impedance state. Figure 4 shows data transfer. At power-up, CE
must be a logic 0 until VCC > 2.0V. Also, SCLK must be at a logic 0 when CE is driven to a logic 1 state.
DATA INPUT
Following the eight SCLK cycles that input a write command byte, a data byte is input on the rising edge of the next
eight SCLK cycles. Additional SCLK cycles are ignored should they inadvertently occur. Data is input starting with
bit 0.
DATA OUTPUT
Following the eight SCLK cycles that input a read command byte, a data byte is output on the falling edge of the
next eight SCLK cycles. Note that the first data bit to be transmitted occurs on the first falling edge after the last bit
of the command byte is written. Additional SCLK cycles retransmit the data bytes should they inadvertently occur
so long as CE remains high. This operation permits continuous burst mode read capability. Also, the I/O pin is tristated upon each rising edge of SCLK. Data is output starting with bit 0.
BURST MODE
Burst mode can be specified for either the clock/calendar or the RAM registers by addressing location 31 decimal
(address/command bits 1 through 5 = logic 1). As before, bit 6 specifies clock or RAM and bit 0 specifies read or
write. There is no data storage capacity at locations 9 through 31 in the Clock/Calendar Registers or location 31 in
the RAM registers. Reads or writes in burst mode start with bit 0 of address 0.
When writing to the clock registers in the burst mode, the first eight registers must be written in order for the data to
be transferred. However, when writing to RAM in burst mode it is not necessary to write all 31 bytes for the data to
transfer. Each byte that is written to will be transferred to RAM regardless of whether all 31 bytes are written or not.
CLOCK/CALENDAR
The time and calendar information is obtained by reading the appropriate register bytes. Table 3 illustrates the RTC
registers. The time and calendar are set or initialized by writing the appropriate register bytes. The contents of the
time and calendar registers are in the binary-coded decimal (BCD) format.
The day-of-week register increments at midnight. Values that correspond to the day of week are user-defined but
must be sequential (i.e., if 1 equals Sunday, then 2 equals Monday, and so on.). Illogical time and date entries
result in undefined operation.
When reading or writing the time and date registers, secondary (user) buffers are used to prevent errors when the
internal registers update. When reading the time and date registers, the user buffers are synchronized to the
internal registers the rising edge of CE.
The countdown chain is reset whenever the seconds register is written. Write transfers occur on the falling edge of
CE. To avoid rollover issues, once the countdown chain is reset, the remaining time and date registers must be
written within 1 second.
The DS1302 can be run in either 12-hour or 24-hour mode. Bit 7 of the hours register is defined as the 12- or 24hour mode-select bit. When high, the 12-hour mode is selected. In the 12-hour mode, bit 5 is the AM/PM bit with
logic high being PM. In the 24-hour mode, bit 5 is the second 10-hour bit (20–23 hours). The hours data must be
re-initialized whenever the 12/24 bit is changed.
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DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
CLOCK HALT FLAG
Bit 7 of the seconds register is defined as the clock halt (CH) flag. When this bit is set to logic 1, the clock oscillator
is stopped and the DS1302 is placed into a low-power standby mode with a current drain of less than 100nA. When
this bit is written to logic 0, the clock will start. The initial power-on state is not defined.
WRITE-PROTECT BIT
Bit 7 of the control register is the write-protect bit. The first seven bits (bits 0 to 6) are forced to 0 and always read 0
when read. Before any write operation to the clock or RAM, bit 7 must be 0. When high, the write-protect bit
prevents a write operation to any other register. The initial power-on state is not defined. Therefore, the WP bit
should be cleared before attempting to write to the device.
TRICKLE-CHARGE REGISTER
This register controls the trickle-charge characteristics of the DS1302. The simplified schematic of Figure 5 shows
the basic components of the trickle charger. The trickle-charge select (TCS) bits (bits 4 to 7) control the selection of
the trickle charger. To prevent accidental enabling, only a pattern of 1010 enables the trickle charger. All other
patterns will disable the trickle charger. The DS1302 powers up with the trickle charger disabled. The diode select
(DS) bits (bits 2 and 3) select whether one diode or two diodes are connected between VCC2 and VCC1. If DS is 01,
one diode is selected or if DS is 10, two diodes are selected. If DS is 00 or 11, the trickle charger is disabled
independently of TCS. The RS bits (bits 0 and 1) select the resistor that is connected between VCC2 and VCC1. The
resistor and diodes are selected by the RS and DS bits as shown in Table 2.
Table 2. Trickle Charger Resistor and Diode Select
TCS
BIT 7
TCS
BIT 6
TCS
BIT 5
TCS
BIT 4
DS
BIT 3
DS
BIT 2
RS
BIT 1
RS
BIT 0
FUNCTION
X
X
X
X
X
X
0
0
Disabled
X
X
X
X
0
0
X
X
Disabled
X
X
X
X
1
1
X
X
Disabled
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1 Diode, 2kΩ
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1 Diode, 4kΩ
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
1 Diode, 8kΩ
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
2 Diodes, 2kΩ
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
2 Diodes, 4kΩ
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
2 Diodes, 8kΩ
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
Initial power-on state
Diode and resistor selection is determined by the user according to the maximum current desired for battery or
super cap charging. The maximum charging current can be calculated as illustrated in the following example.
Assume that a system power supply of 5V is applied to VCC2 and a super cap is connected to VCC1. Also assume
that the trickle charger has been enabled with one diode and resistor R1 between VCC2 and VCC1. The maximum
current IMAX would therefore be calculated as follows:
IMAX = (5.0V – diode drop) / R1 ≈ (5.0V – 0.7V) / 2kΩ ≈ 2.2mA
As the super cap charges, the voltage drop between VCC2 and VCC1 decreases and therefore the charge current
decreases.
7 of 13
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
CLOCK/CALENDAR BURST MODE
The clock/calendar command byte specifies burst mode operation. In this mode, the first eight clock/calendar
registers can be consecutively read or written (see Table 3) starting with bit 0 of address 0.
If the write-protect bit is set high when a write clock/calendar burst mode is specified, no data transfer will occur to
any of the eight clock/calendar registers (this includes the control register). The trickle charger is not accessible in
burst mode.
At the beginning of a clock burst read, the current time is transferred to a second set of registers. The time
information is read from these secondary registers, while the clock may continue to run. This eliminates the need to
re-read the registers in case of an update of the main registers during a read.
RAM
The static RAM is 31 x 8 bytes addressed consecutively in the RAM address space.
RAM BURST MODE
The RAM command byte specifies burst mode operation. In this mode, the 31 RAM registers can be consecutively
read or written (see Table 3) starting with bit 0 of address 0.
REGISTER SUMMARY
A register data format summary is shown in Table 3.
CRYSTAL SELECTION
A 32.768kHz crystal can be directly connected to the DS1302 via pins 2 and 3 (X1, X2). The crystal selected for
use should have a specified load capacitance (CL) of 6pF. For more information on crystal selection and crystal
layout consideration, refer to Application Note 58: Crystal Considerations for Dallas Real-Time Clocks.
Figure 4. Data Transfer Summary
SINGLE-BYTE READ
CE
SCLK
I/O
R/W
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
R/C
1
D1
D0
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
SINGLE-BYTE WRITE
CE
SCLK
I/O
R/ W A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
R/ C
1
D0
D1
D2
NOTE: IN BURST MODE, CE IS KEPT HIGH AND ADDITIONAL SCLK CYCLES ARE SENT UNTIL THE END OF THE BURST.
8 of 13
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
Table 3. Register Address/Definition
RTC
READ
WRITE
BIT 7
81h
83h
80h
82h
CH
85h
84h
12/24
87h
86h
0
89h
88h
0
8Bh
8Dh
8Fh
91h
8Ah
8Ch
8Eh
90h
0
WP
TCS
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
10 Seconds
10 Minutes
10
Hour
0
AM/PM
0
10 Date
10
0
0
Month
0
0
0
10 Year
0
0
0
TCS
TCS
TCS
BIT 3
BIT 2
0
0
DS
BIT 1
BIT 0
RANGE
Seconds
Minutes
00–59
00–59
Hour
1–12/0–23
Date
1–31
Month
1–12
Day
Year
0
0
DS
RS
1–7
00–99
—
—
0
RS
CLOCK BURST
BFh
BEh
RAM
C1h
C3h
C5h
.
.
.
FDh
C0h
C2h
C4h
.
.
.
FCh
00-FFh
00-FFh
00-FFh
.
.
.
00-FFh
RAM BURST
FFh
FEh
Figure 5. Programmable Trickle Charger
TRICKLE CHARGE REGISTER (90h write, 91h read)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
TCS3
TCS2
TCS1
TCS0
DS1
DS0
ROUT1
ROUT0
TCS 0-3 = TRICKLE CHARGER SELECT
DS 0-1 = DIODE SELECT
ROUT 0-1 = RESISTOR SELECT
1 0F 16 SELECT
NOTE: ONLY 1010b ENABLES CHARGER
1 OF 2
SELECT
1 OF 3
SELECT
R1
2K Ω
V CC2
R2
4k Ω
R3
8k Ω
9 of 13
V CC1
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Voltage Range on Any Pin Relative to Ground……………………………………………………………….-0.5Vto +7.0V
Operating Temperature Range, Commercial………………………………………………………………….0°C to +70°C
Operating Temperature Range, Industrial (IND)……………………………………………………………-40°C to +85°C
Storage Temperature Range……………………………………………………………………………..….-55°C to +125°C
Soldering Temperature (leads, 10 seconds)………………………………………………………………..………….260°C
Soldering Temperature (surface mount)………………………………………………..…….See IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only,
and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is
not implied. Exposure to the absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS
(TA = 0°C to +70°C or TA = -40°C to +85°C.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER
Supply Voltage VCC1, VCC2
SYMBOL
VCC1,
VCC2
Logic 1 Input
VIH
Logic 0 Input
VIL
CONDITIONS
VCC = 2.0V
VCC = 5V
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
(Notes 2, 10)
2.0
3.3
5.5
V
(Note 2)
2.0
(Note 2)
-0.3
VCC +
0.3
+0.3
-0.3
+0.8
V
V
DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(TA = 0°C to +70°C or TA = -40°C to +85°C.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
Input Leakage
ILI
(Notes 5, 13)
85
500
μA
I/O Leakage
ILO
(Notes 5, 13)
85
500
μA
Logic 1 Output (IOH = -0.4mA)
Logic 1 Output (IOH = -1.0mA)
Logic 0 Output (IOL = 1.5mA)
Logic 0 Output (IOL = 4.0mA)
VOH
VOL
Active Supply Current
(Oscillator Enabled)
ICC1A
Timekeeping Current
(Oscillator Enabled)
ICC1T
Standby Current (Oscillator
Disabled)
ICC1S
Active Supply Current
(Oscillator Enabled)
ICC2A
Timekeeping Current
(Oscillator Enabled)
ICC2T
Standby Current (Oscillator
Disabled)
ICC2S
VCC = 2.0V
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
VCC = 5V
VCC1 = 2.0V
VCC1 = 5V
VCC1 = 2.0V
VCC1 = 5V
VCC1 = 2.0V
VCC1 = 5V
IND
VCC2 = 2.0V
VCC2 = 5V
VCC2 = 2.0V
VCC2 = 5V
VCC2 = 2.0V
(Note 2)
1.6
2.4
V
(Note 2)
CH = 0
(Notes 4, 11)
CH = 0
(Notes 3, 11,13)
CH = 1
(Notes 9, 11, 13)
0.2
0.45
1
1
5
CH = 0
(Notes 4, 12)
CH = 0
(Notes 3, 12)
CH = 1
(Notes 9, 12)
0.4
0.4
0.4
1.2
0.3
1
100
100
200
0.425
1.28
25.3
81
25
VCC2 = 5V
V
mA
μA
nA
mA
μA
μA
80
Trickle-Charge Resistors
R1
R2
R3
2
4
8
kΩ
Trickle-Charge Diode Voltage
Drop
VTD
0.7
V
10 of 13
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
CAPACITANCE
(TA = +25°C)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
Input Capacitance
I/O Capacitance
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
CI
10
pF
CI/O
15
pF
AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(TA = 0°C to +70°C or TA = -40°C to +85°C.) (Note 1)
PARAMETER
Data to CLK Setup
CLK to Data Hold
CLK to Data Delay
CLK Low Time
CLK High Time
CLK Frequency
CLK Rise and Fall
CE to CLK Setup
CLK to CE Hold
CE Inactive Time
CE to I/O High Impedance
SCLK to I/O High Impedance
SYMBOL
VCC = 2.0V
tDC
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCDH
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCDD
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCL
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCH
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCLK
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
t R, t F
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCC
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCCH
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCWH
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCDZ
VCC = 5V
VCC = 2.0V
tCCZ
VCC = 5V
CONDITIONS
(Note 6)
(Note 6)
MIN
200
50
280
70
(Note 6)
(Note 6)
(Note 6)
(Note 6)
(Note 6)
(Note 6)
(Note 6)
MAX
ns
1000
250
1000
250
DC
UNITS
ns
800
200
(Notes 6, 7, 8)
(Note 6)
TYP
ns
ns
ns
0.5
2.0
2000
500
4
1
240
60
4
1
MHz
ns
μs
ns
μs
280
70
280
70
ns
ns
Note 1:
Note 2:
Note 3:
Note 4:
Note 5:
Note 6:
Note 7:
Note 8:
Note 9:
Note 10:
Note 11:
Note 12:
Limits at -40°C are guaranteed by design and are not production tested.
All voltages are referenced to ground.
ICC1T and ICC2T are specified with I/O open, CE and SCLK set to a logic 0.
ICC1A and ICC2A are specified with the I/O pin open, CE high, SCLK = 2MHz at VCC = 5V; SCLK = 500kHz, VCC = 2.0V.
CE, SCLK, and I/O all have 40kΩ pulldown resistors to ground.
Measured at VIH = 2.0V or VIL = 0.8V and 10ns maximum rise and fall time.
Measured at VOH = 2.4V or VOL = 0.4V.
Load capacitance = 50pF.
ICC1S and ICC2S are specified with CE, I/O, and SCLK open.
VCC = VCC2, when VCC2 > VCC1 + 0.2V; VCC = VCC1, when VCC1 > VCC2.
VCC2 = 0V.
VCC1 = 0V.
Note 13:
Typical values are at +25°C.
11 of 13
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
Figure 6. Timing Diagram: Read Data Transfer
CE
tCC
tR
tF
SCLK
tCDH
tCL
tCCZ
tCH
tCDZ
tCDD
tDC
I/O
READ DATA BYTE
ADDRESS/COMMAND BYTE
Figure 7. Timing Diagram: Write Data Transfer
tCWH
CE
tCC
tR
tCCH
tF
SCLK
tCL
tCDH
I/O
tCH
tDC
ADDRESS/COMMAND BYTE
WRITE DATA BYTE
CHIP INFORMATION
TRANSISTOR COUNT: 11,500
THERMAL INFORMATION
PACKAGE
8 DIP
8 SO (150 mils)
THETA-JA
(°C/W)
110
170
THETA-JC
(°C/W)
40
40
PACKAGE INFORMATION
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages.
PACKAGE TYPE
PACKAGE CODE
DOCUMENT NO.
8 PDIP
—
21-0043
8 SO (208 mils)
—
21-0262
8 SO (150 mils)
—
21-0041
12 of 13
DS1302 Trickle-Charge Timekeeping Chip
REVISION HISTORY
REVISION
DATE
120208
DESCRIPTION
Removed the leaded parts and references to the 16-pin SO package.
In the Features section, changed the 31 x 8 RAM feature to indicate that it is
battery backed.
Updated Figure 1 and removed original Figure 2 (oscillator circuit).
PAGES
CHANGED
1, 4, 12
1
3, 5
Added a new Table 2 for the trickle charger resistor and diode select.
7
Replaced the timing diagrams (Figures 6 and 7).
12
Added Package Information table.
12
Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied.
Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and max limits) shown in the Electrical
Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.
Maxim Integrated 160 Rio Robles, San Jose, CA 95134 USA 1-408-601-1000
© Maxim Integrated
13
The Maxim logo and Maxim Integrated are trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
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