Voltmaster C-Series Owner`s manual

Voltmaster C-Series Owner`s manual
VANNER Incorporated
Owner’s Manual
VANN-Guard 70-Series
Power Management System
With Internal Electronic Monitor
Table of Contents
Introduction………………………………………………….………………… 3
Specifications…………………………………………………….………….… 4
Theory of Operation……………...…………………………………………… 5
Typical Applications…………………………...…………….…………..…… 8
Installation Instructions………………………….………...…………………. 10
Testing and Troubleshooting………………………………………………… 13
70-Series Power Management System
1
OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
70-Series Power Management System
Owners Manual
2
OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Introduction
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing a Vanner VANN-Guard Power Management System. We are confident that
you will be very pleased with its performance because our 70-Series are designed and manufactured by
skilled professionals using the highest standards in workmanship. With minimum maintenance and care,
you can be assured of many years of trouble free service.
General Description
The Vanner VANN-Guard Power Management System is an efficient and highly reliable method of
obtaining a 12 volt DC power source from a 24 volt DC electrical system. The VANN-Guard makes the
batteries look like they are in series and parallel at the same time. In addition to providing regulated 12
volt power, the system ensures that battery voltages remain equal which significantly extends battery life.
Ideally suited for vehicle and alternate energy applications, the VANN-Guard is designed to save your
batteries and the money you would spend replacing them. Users of the Vanner VANN-Guard know that it
is the most cost effective and dependable solution for dual voltage systems.
The Internal Electronic Monitor is a device designed to monitor several critical functions in the electrical
system. This unit provides fault signals that can be wired to warning lights, buzzers or other
control/warning devices.
A typical system would include a 24VDC power source, such as an alternator or solar array, two 12 volt
battery banks in series, and the VANN-Guard. The VANN-Guard connects to the 24 volt, 12 volt and
ground terminals of the battery system. When the 12 volt loads require power, the VANN-Guard ensures
that the current is taken equally from both batteries, and that the voltages of the two batteries are kept
equal. This equalization ensures extended battery life and provides a stable 12 volt supply for operating
accessories.
Paralleling VANN-Guard: Models are available which provide 60, 80 and 100 amps of 12 volt DC power.
VANN-Guard may also be operated in parallel to provide more power. For example, two 60 amp units can
be installed to provide 120 amps of 12 volt DC power.
NOTE: The Vanner VANN-Guard Power Management System is an extremely reliable device and, when
installed according to the instructions, will provide reliable operation for an indefinite period of time.
However, if a system abnormality should develop that would cause a VANN-Guard malfunction, damage
to the battery system could result if 12 volt loads are present.
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VANNER Incorporated
Specifications
Specifications
70-Series Equalizers
Model Number
70-60M
70-80M
Input Voltage 24v
Efficiency (Peak)
Max 24v Input Amps
18 to 32 v
>97%
>97%
>97%
32
43
53
Output Voltage
Output Amps (12v)
70-100M
(Input Voltage/2) ±2%
0-60
Standby Current
0-80
0-100
17 milliamps nominal at 28.4V
Electronic Monitor
Alarm Low/High, Imbalance, Undervoltage protect override, Vann-Guard fault
Operating Temp.
-40°C to +75°C (-40°F to 167°F)
Storage Temp.
-54°C to +95°C (-65°F to 203°F)
Serviceable
Environmental
Considerations
Mounting Location
Weights
Yes
Yes
Yes
Cast aluminum enclosure provides protection against salt, fungus, dust, water, fuel vapors and all fluids associated with
commercial and off-highway vehicle operations. IP rated 56.
Mount on a flat surface close to the batteries to allow short cable runs. Location should be protected from battery acid
and gases.
8.7 lbs.
8.9 lbs.
9.3 lbs.
70M-Series Dimensional Specifications
0.31
(7)
5/16-18 x 9/16
STUD
TORQUE 120
LB-IN MAX
10.6
(269)
8.0
(203)
5.1
(130)
1.3
(33)
0.5
(12.7)
(71)
2.8
8.0
(203)
8.5
(216)
70-Series Power Management System
3.4
(86)
4.0
(102)
4
OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Theory of Operation
Theory of Operation
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24 Volt
Loads
+12 Volt
Loads
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+12V
GND
In many 24 volt electrical systems it is desirable to tap into the battery system to obtain power for 12 volt
loads. This method, while seemingly simple, causes a charge imbalance resulting in Battery B (see
diagram) being overcharged, and possibly boiling, while Battery A discharges.
To solve this application problem the Vanner VANN-Guard is connected to the battery system at the +24
volt, +12 volt, and ground points. The VANN-Guard makes the batteries look like they are in series and in
parallel at the same time. The VANN-Guard maintains the voltage balance and therefore the charge
acceptance rate of each battery. The VANN-Guard hold Battery A and B voltages to within 0.05 volts
under light loads and to within 0.1 volts at full rated load.
When the voltage of Battery A is higher than or equal to Battery B the VANN-Guard is in the standby
mode, i.e., it is not transferring power from its 24 volt input to its 12 volt output. When a 12 volt load is
present, and Battery A's voltage decreases to just below the voltage of Battery B, the VANN-Guard
activates and transfers sufficient current from Battery B to Battery A to satisfy the load and maintain an
equal voltage and charge in both batteries.
A key advantage of a system containing a Vanner VANN-Guard, compared to a DC to DC converter, is
that if the 12 volt load requires a momentary surge current which exceeds the rated capacity of the
VANN-Guard, Battery A will supply the extra current to the load. The VANN-Guard will then replenish the
energy to Battery A after the surge has passed.
The following scenarios describe the VANN-Guard Power Management System operation.
Scenario #1 - 24 volt load present, no 12 volt load present. The system operates as a system would
without the VANN-Guard whether the alternator is ON or OFF. The VANN-Guard is in the standby mode
except for making small adjustments to keep the batteries in balance.
Scenario #2 - Both 24 volt and 12 volt loads present, alternator is OFF. The VANN-Guard will insure
that both batteries will discharge at the same rate even if different loads are present.
Scenario # 3 - Both 24 volt and 12 volt loads present, alternator is ON. The alternator provides 24
volt power to the battery system and to the 24 volt loads. The VANN-Guard transfers power from the 24
volt source to the 12 volt load by converting 24 volt power to 12 volts. It will supply sufficient 12 volt
power to satisfy the 12 volt load and to maintain battery voltage balance.
70-Series Power Management System
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OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Typical Applications
Monitor functionality
All functionality described in this section requires that the Monitor Ignition Input (Terminal B) be high in
order to be active. All of the fault outputs have internal pull-ups to the +24v supply of 10K ohm.
A. Alarm Low Output
This output is pulled to ground if the 24V bus is below 24 volts, indicating an alternator or
regulator failure.
B. Monitor Ignition (Enable) Input
This input enables the monitor function, when this pin is taken to +24V then the monitor becomes
active. See below for more information.
C. Ground
D. Imbalance Alarm Output
This output is pulled low if the batteries are out of balance by more than 6%, this could indicate a
12V bus overload, a dead battery condition, or an Equalization failure.
E. Alarm High Output
This output is pulled low if the +24V bus is above 30 volts, indicating an alternator regulator
failure.
F. Undervoltage Protection Override
If this pin is pulled high (more than 6V) the low voltage lockout on the lower battery is disabled,
this is to allow jump starts with two wire jump, the added protection is then not available. See
below for more information.
–Note: some Equalizers available in the market do not have undervoltage protection.
G. Equalizer Fault Output
This pin is pulled low when the Equalizer is faulty. See below for more information.
H. Equalizer Disable Input
This is a control pin for the Equalizer, if it is pulled low the Equalizer will be disabled. If it is left
disconnected, or pulled high, the Equalizer will function normally.
J. Remote Sense Fault Output
If the compensation voltage (the total difference between the voltages at the equalizer and the
voltages measured by the remote sense) exceeds 1.5v, the Remote Sense function is disabled and
this pin is pulled low.
K. Unused
L. Unused
M. +24V Battery Remote Sense
If this pin is connected directly to the +24V battery positive by a separate line, it will improve the
accuracy of the Equalizer balance of the batteries when load current is drawn. See below for
more information.
N. +12V Battery Remote Sense
If this pin is connected directly to the +12V battery positive by a separate line, it will improve the
accuracy of the Equalizer balance of the batteries when load current is drawn. See below for
more information.
P. Battery Ground Remote Sense
If this pin is connected directly to the battery ground by a separate line, it will improve the
accuracy of the Equalizer balance of the batteries when load current is drawn. See below for
more information.
The monitor output from the unit is through a Deutsch brand connector P/N: HDP20-18-14PN.
The mating connector is the Deutsch P/N: HDP26-18-14SN housing with Deutsch
P/N: 1062-16-0622 socket contact.
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VANNER Incorporated
Typical Applications
Undervoltage Protection Override (Jump Start Override) (Terminal F)
This is an input, which overrides the low battery undervoltage lockout if the 24V bus is above
19VDC. The intent is to detect an attempted jump start so that the 12V bus can be powered in the event
of a totally flat battery, and a 12V load present, with a two wire jump (12V battery does not have a jump
connection, only the 24V and ground). If this line is allowed to float it will not be activated, to activate this
feature this line should be tied to the 24V bus.
Equalizer Fault Output (Terminal G)
This is an indicator output with the same characteristics as the other monitor outputs, they can be
wired together for a single warning, or discretely wired for more detailed information. This output is a pull
down whenever an Equalizer fault is detected. There is logic in the monitor, which examines Equalizer
behavior to decide if there is a fault. This is a significant improvement over previous indicators used in the
industry, which simply show if the Equalizer is active. Those indicators give rise to false replacements if,
for example, the batteries are balanced and the Equalizer stops running.
Equalizer Ignition Input (Terminal H)
This input allows the Equalizer to be turned on and off by an external control signal, such as the
ignition line. This line should be pulled low to turn off the unit, if it is left to float the Equalizer is enabled. If
this line is tied to the ignition there will be enough additional load on the ignition line to perform the “pull
down” function.
Remote Sense (Terminals M, N, and P)
Remote Sense allows remote sensing of battery voltage. This makes the Equalize function
insensitive to voltage drops in the cables, fuses and connections. Remote Sense allows flexibility of
configuration in the Equalizer power connection wiring and more freedom in Equalizer location.
When using Remote Sense the Equalizer DC power cables can be the minimum size listed in the
Wire Size Table for a given Equalizer rating, up to four times the distance listed. This sets a maximum
voltage drop of 0.4V which is reasonable from efficiency and fault detection considerations.
There are three inputs for the Remote Sense function, +24, +12, and Ground. The Remote Sense
wires can be 16 or 18AWG as the input impedance is high. Select the wire gauge based on mechanical
strength requirements. The Remote Sense wires each should have appropriately sized fuses for
protection in case the wires become damaged or shorted. It may not be necessary to connect the Remote
Sense wires directly to the battery. If the vehicle battery cables are brought to a distribution point from
where connections are made to the rest of the vehicle, it is acceptable to connect the Remote Sense
wires here. Sensing at the distribution point should not introduce a significant error since most of the time
the battery cables are only carrying battery charging current. As the battery become charged and the
charging current becomes minimal there will be almost no error.
Deutsch Connector Pin Out
Alarm Low
VANN-Guard
F1
+12 Volt
Loads
(Radio)
Imbalance Alarm
+ Voltage for
Lamps
D
Alarm High
+ Voltage for
Lamps
E
+ Voltage for
Lamps
G
H
+ Voltage for
Lamps
J
K
L
M
N
P
+24V
+12V
+24 Volt
Loads
A
B
C
Ground
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+
24V
Alt
-
+ Voltage for
Lamps
Monitor Ignition Input
+24V
+
12 V
Battery A
-
Undervoltage Protection Override
+12V
Equalizer Fault
GND
Equalizer Ignition Input
Remote Sense Fault
N
P
D
M
Control Input: +24VDC
Output: 0.375 Amps (per term.)
Trip Levels: all have 5 second Delay)
70-Series Power Management System
L
F
A
C
Battery Monitor
G
B
K
Unused
E
J
7
H
Unused
+24V Battery Remote Sense
+12V Battery Remote Sense
Battery Ground Remote Sense
F
OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
70-Series Power Management System
Typical Applications
8
OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Typical Applications
Typical Applications
Vanner VANN-Guard Power Management Systems are used in many types of applications including
transit and tour buses, private coaches, heavy trucks and off highway equipment, yachts, and alternative
energy systems such as solar powered homes. In addition to VANN-Guards, Vanner manufactures a
wide range of complementary products such as DC to DC converters, DC to AC inverters, battery
charger/conditioners, and battery isolators. The following system diagrams illustrate how these products
are used in various applications.
TRANSIT BUS
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24 Volt
Loads
+12 Volt
Loads
+12V
+
12 V
Battery A
-
GND
PRIVATE COACH
+24V
+24V
Vanner Battery Isolator or
Other Paralleling Switch
F5
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
F4
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
+24 Volt
Loads
+12 Volt
Loads
+
+12V
-
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+
12 V
Battery A
-
F3
+12V
+12 Volt
Loads
GND
Coach Batt. Sys.
+
12 V
Battery A
-
Vanner
DC to AC
Inverter
GND
120VAC
Loads
House Batt. Sys.
Applications Continued:
70-Series Power Management System
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OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Typical Applications
TOUR/CHARTER COACH
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+
+12V
-
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24 Volt
Loads
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+12 Volt
Loads
Vanner
DC to AC
Inverter
GND
120VAC
Loads
MARINE
+24V
+24V
Vanner Battery Isolator or
Other Paralleling Switch
F6
F5
+24V
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
F4
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
+
24V
Starter
-
+12 Volt
Loads
+
+12V
-
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+
12 V
Battery A
-
F3
+12V
GND
+24 Volt
House
Loads
+12 Volt
House
Loads
Engine Batt. Sys.
70-Series Power Management System
+
12 V
Battery A
-
GND
Vanner
Battery
Charger
From Main
AC Panel
+
-
Vanner
DC to AC
Inverter
To Auto
Transfer
Switch
House Batt. Sys.
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OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Testing and Troubleshooting
Installation Instructions
Do not exceed the specified torque of 120 in-lbs. when connecting cables to the terminal posts (+24,
GND, +12) during installation of all the VANN-Guard Models. Torque values higher than specified may
damage the product, reduce performance, and/or create hazardous conditions. Products damaged by
improper torque are not covered by the warranty.
Do not connect more than one conductor per terminal post on any Vanner VANN-Guard. Multiple
wires and cables may overstress internal components, resulting in poor performance or creating
hazardous conditions. Products damaged by the installation of multiple conductors per post are not
covered by the warranty.
Fault protection devices must be installed between the VANN-Guard and the power source
(battery). A fault protection device would be any fuse or circuit breaker properly rated for the maximum
DC current obtainable. This advisory is in accordance with SAE, NEC and UL, for mobile power
applications. Install per applicable codes or within 18” of the battery. See Wire and Fuse Sizing Chart on
page 10 of this manual or contact Vanner at 1-800-227-6937 or [email protected] if assistance is
needed in sizing fault protection devices.
Caution: This equipment tends to produce arcs and sparks during installation. To prevent fire or
explosion, compartments containing batteries or flammable materials must be properly ventilated. Safety
goggles should always be worn when working near batteries
Mounting Location –The VANN-Guard may be mounted in any orientation, on a flat mounting surface
suitable to support the VANN-Guard during application. Do not mount in zero-clearance compartment that
may result in the VANN-Guard overheating. Locate so that contact by people is unlikely.
Environmental Protection – Your VANN-Guard has been designed to withstand direct exposure to rain
and moisture. The VANN-Guard has also been tested for exposure to direct pressure spray, but continual
exposure to direct pressure spraying may reduce the VANN-Guard serviceable life. Any damage due to
water contamination is covered by Vanner only through the terms of our factory warranty.
Wiring Sequence– The VANN-Guard is internally protected for reverse polarity. The wiring sequence is
not an issue with the VANN-Guard products.
Strain Relief – The VANN-Guard has an integral strain relief. The VANN-Guard is designed with wells for
the lug to sit into to resist bolt loosening from cable movement, and the strain relief is designed to further
inhibit cable movement. The diagram below shows the proper orientation for the attachment of the strain
relief and the #10-32 mounting hardware that is supplied.
MOUNTING SCREWS
CABLE STRAIN RELIEF
LUG WELLS
VANN-Guard
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OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Testing and Troubleshooting
Caution adding 12volt batteries
Acceptable
+24V
+
12 V
Battery B
-
Unacceptable
+24V
Battery A and Battery B Are
The Same Size
F2
Battery A and Battery B Are
NOT The Same Size
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
+24V
VANN-Guard
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
+12V
+
24V
Alt
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
GND
+12V
F1
F1
+
12 V
Battery C
-
+
12 V
Battery C
-
+
12 V
Battery C
-
+
24V
Alt
-
+12V
+
12 V
Battery A
-
GND
F1
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+
12 V
Battery A
-
In certain applications, such as private coach or alternate energy applications, it may be desirable to have
additional 12 volt “House Batteries” to operate heavy 12 volt (inverter) loads. Use the VANN-Guard to
charge the additional batteries.
Connect the VANN-Guard 12V terminal to the additional batteries only. Do not connect the VANN-Guard
12V terminal to both battery banks as this would make Battery A larger than Battery B. Damage to
Battery B may occur during charging due to overcharging, if the VANN-Guard cannot keep up with the
charging system.
Caution using a Ground-Side Battery Disconnect Switch
+24V
F2
+
12 V
Battery B
-
High Current Diode
+24V
VANN-Guard
+12V
F1
+
24V
Alt
-
+24 Volt
Loads
+
12 V
Battery A
-
+12 Volt
Loads
(Radio)
+12V
GND
Battery Disconnect Switch
The system must be wired as shown to prevent Reverse Polarity Damage to polarity sensitive12 volt
loads while the ground-side disconnect switch is open. The VANN-Guards GND terminal must be wired to
the battery side of the ground-side disconnect switch circuit for the VANN-Guard to work properly.
Install the external High Current Diode, such as Vanner Model 52-75 (45 amp continuous rating) to
protect polarity sensitive 12 volt loads if these loads do not already contain input diode protection. This
prevents a reverse polarity on the 12 volt equipment when the battery switch is open. The reverse polarity
does not come from the VANN-Guard, but from any 24 volt equipment that may be turned ON.
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VANNER Incorporated
Testing and Troubleshooting
Wire Size and temperature rating
Cables connecting the VANN-Guard to the batteries must be sufficiently sized to prevent unwanted
voltage drops. These voltage drops (loss) must be less than 0.05 VDC between the VANN-Guard’s +24
volt terminal and the battery +24 volt terminal (Battery B positive terminal), less than 0.10 VDC between
the VANN-Guard’s +12 volt terminal and the battery +12 volt terminal (the jumper between Battery A and
Battery B), and less than 0.05 VDC between the VANN-Guard’s GND terminal and the battery ground
terminal (Battery A negative terminal that is connected to chassis ground). In most installations, the
VANN-Guard’s terminals are wired directly to the battery terminals (reference fault protection) to prevent
voltage loss that could occur in switch contacts, connections, and long wire runs. Since the VANN-Guard
can be operated in temperatures up to 75ºC, use wire rated at least 90ºC. See Wire and Fuse Size Chart.
Wire and Fuse Size Chart
Wire
Size
AWG
#8
#6
#4
#2
#1
#1/0
#2/0
Ring Terminal
AMP or UL
recognized
equal
33462
33466
33470
322870
321867
321867
321870
Fuse F1
Fuse F2
Max wire length, in feet, between VANN-Guard and battery to keep voltage drop under 0.1
volt. The chart assumes wire carries no other load and wire temperature is below 80ºC.
70-60M
70-80M
70-100M
2 X 70-100M
2.1
3.2
5.9
8.7
10.9
13.8
17.6
80 amp
40 amp
XXX
2.4
4.4
6.5
8.2
10.4
13.2
100 amp
50 amp
XXX
XXX
3.5
5.2
6.5
8.3
10.5
125 amp
80 amp
XXX
XXX
XXX
2.6
3.3
4.1
5.3
250 amp
150 amp
Crimp the ring terminals using AMP ROTA-CRIMP 600850 (2/0 - 8ga).
AMP Product Information Center: 800-522-6752
AMP Tooling Assistance Center: 800-722-1111
Note: The wire gages listed are for use without remote sense, see the monitor section for applications
using the remote sense capability.
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VANNER Incorporated
Testing and Troubleshooting
Testing and Troubleshooting
CAUTION
Servicing of electrical systems should only be performed by trained and qualified technical personnel.
Equipment Required
VoltMeter having 0.01 volt resolution. (Fluke Model 87 Multimeter recommended).
Clamp-on amp meter (Fluke Model 36 Clamp-on Meter recommended).
Vanner Repair Service
Vanner offers a quick turn around factory repair service. Send the unit to the address
below with a note instructing us to repair it. Include your name, phone number, shipping
address (not a P.O. Box Number), and your purchase order number.
Test Procedure for VANN-Guard 70-Series Power
Management Systems
The VANN-Guard is working properly if:
1. The 12 volt DC loads are being operated continuously and are within the rated capacity of the
VANN-Guard and;
2. Battery A voltage is lower than Battery B by no more than 0.05 to 0.10 volts (measured at the
VANN-Guard’s +24, +12 and GND terminals).
Vanner VANN-Guards are electronically protected against reverse polarity damage therefore the DC
connection sequence is not an issue.
Vanner VANN-Guards will not function properly unless all three battery connections are made. Battery A
and Battery B voltages both must be above 8 volts for the unit to turn ON.
Vanner VANN-Guards may be used in parallel with other VANN-Guards and Vanner Equalizer models.
Please note that the 24V, 12V and GND stud position and orientation are different on VANN-Guard 70Series than on other Vanner Equalizers.
VANN-Guard Test Procedure:
1. Field-test the equalizer while fully connected to the vehicle batteries. For bench testing, two 12 volt
batteries, or two 12 volt power supplies are required. The VANN-Guard must be connected to the
batteries at GND, 12V and 24V to function properly.
2. If battery voltage is below 24 volts start the vehicle or apply a 24 volt battery charger to the batteries.
3. Turn ON 12 volt DC loads up to the VANN-Guard’s rated capacity. Measure DC amps on the VANNGuard +12 cable to verify load amperages.
4. At the VANN-Guard measure and record:
a. Battery A voltage (voltage between the VANN-Guard’s +12 and GND terminals)
b. Battery B voltage (voltage between the VANN-Guard’s +24 and +12 terminals)
5.
Subtract Battery A voltage from Battery B voltage and compare readings.
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VANNER Incorporated
Testing and Troubleshooting
VANN-Guard Status
Voltage Comparison
a.
b.
c.
Battery A is lower than Battery B but
within 0.05 volt.
OFF
Battery A is lower than Battery B by
0.05 to 0.10 volts.
Battery A is lower than Battery B by
more than 0.10 volts
d.
Battery A is lower than Battery B by
more than 0.10 volts
e.
Battery A is higher than Battery B
Stand-by Mode.
The VANN-Guard will not turn ON until Battery A is lower
than Battery B by more than 0.05 volts.
ON
Normal Operating Mode
ON
Self-Protection Mode due to Overload Condition.
See below.
OFF
The VANN-Guard is not functioning properly.
Abnormal condition. Suspect Battery B is defective or a 12 volt load
is connected to Battery B.
Overload Condition
An overload condition exists when the 12 volt loads exceed the VANN-Guard’s rated capacity. The
overload condition will not damage the VANN-Guard, but may cause damage to the batteries.
During the overload, the VANN-Guard’s output is limited by internal protection circuits to its Rated Output
Amps. The 12 volt amps exceeding the VANN-Guard’s output are drawn from Battery A which will begin
to draw the batteries out of balance. The VANN-Guard’s full Rated Output Amps are maintained as long
as Battery A and Battery B remain balanced within 0.10 volt. The internal protection circuits will reduce
the VANN-Guard’s output as the batteries become further out-of-balance. If Battery A voltage falls below
approximately 8 volts the VANN-Guard will shut itself OFF.
To correct the overload condition the 12 volt load must be reduced, or the VANN-Guard’s rated capacity
must be increased.
Trouble Shooting an Engine No-Start Situation
Situation:
A coach has dead batteries and won’t start while jump starting. The coach is equipped with a 24 volt
starting and charging system, a 12 volt electronic diesel engine control, a VANN-Guard, and a moderate
12 volt load which cannot be turned OFF. The coach sits for several days and the batteries run
completely dead. During jump-starting the engine cranks but does not start due to low voltage on the 12
volt supply. Electrical testing reveals there is no 12 volt output from the VANN-Guard while jump starting
even though the VANN-Guard separately tests OK.
Cause:
The 12 volt load which could not be turned OFF first ran both batteries down until the VANN-Guard shut
itself OFF due to low voltage. (The VANN-Guard will shut OFF if system voltage falls below 16 volts or if
voltage on either battery falls below 8 volts.) Then Battery A alone was drained to near zero volts.
As the bus is being jumped, 12 volt loads hold Battery A voltage too low for the VANN-Guard to turn ON
and Battery A is too weak to support the 12 volt electronic engine control.
Solution:
Turn OFF all 12 volt loads (turning the battery disconnect switch OFF may accomplish this). Connect the
jumper cables but do not crank the engine for two or three minutes. (Both batteries must rise above 8
volts.) The battery disconnect switch can then be turned ON and the bus should have adequate 12 volt
power to start.
70-Series Power Management System
15
OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
Testing and Troubleshooting
NOTES
70-Series Power Management System
16
OWNER’S MANUAL
VANNER Incorporated
OWNER’S MANUAL
Vanner Incorporated
4282 Reynolds Drive
Hilliard, Ohio 43026
1-800-AC POWER
(1-800-227-6937)
Tel: 614-771-2718
Fax: 614-771-4904
www.vanner.com
e-mail: [email protected]
Part Number D911388-B
Printed in U.S.A.
70-Series Power Management System
17
OWNER’S MANUAL
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