Buick | 1998 Regal | Owner`s manual | Buick 1998 Regal Owner`s manual

The 1998 Buick Regal Owner’s Manual
1-1
Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains
the “SRS” system.
2-1
Features and Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
3-1
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system.
4- 1
Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and how to drive under different conditions.
5-1
Problems on the Road
This section tells what to do if you have a problem while driving, such asa flat tire or overheated engine, etc.
6- 1
Service and Appearance Care
Here the manual tells youhow to keep your vehicle running properly and looking good.
7-1
Maintenance Schedule
This section tellsyou when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
8- 1
Customer Assistance Information
This section tellsyou how to contact Buick for assistance and
how to get service and owner publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page
8-8.
9- 1
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listingof almost every subject in this manual.
You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
i
I
BUICK
L
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, BUICK,
the BUICK Emblem and the name REGAL are
registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latestinformation at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without further notice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Buick Motor
Division whenever it appears inthis manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave thismanual in it so the new
owner can use it.
We support voluntary
technician certification.
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institute for
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
For Canadian OwnersWho Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propriktaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide
en franqais chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1577 Meyerside Dr.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1B9
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 10415721 B Second Edition
ii
@CopyrightGeneral Motors Corporation 1997
All Rights Reserved
How to Use this Manual
Many people read theirowner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receive theirnew vehicle. If
you do this, it will help you learn about the features
and controls foryour vehicle. In this manual, you’ll
find that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Index
A good place to lookfor what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of what’s in
the manual, and the page number where you’ll find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautionsin this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about things that could hurt you if you were to ignore
the warning.
A CAC AON:
r
These mean thereis something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then
we tell you what to doto help avoid or reducethe
hazard. Please read these cautions.If you don’t, you or
others could be hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this’’ or “Don’t
let this happen.’’
Vehicle Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find thesenotices:
NOTICE:
These mean thereis something thatcould
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be
costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals,you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in different words.
You’ll also seewarning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
CAUSTIC
BATTERY
ACID COULD
CAUSE
BURNS
FASTEN
SEAT
BELTS
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
HAZARD
WARNING
FLASHER
A
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
0
$0
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
VENTILATING
FAN
-I-1
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
FUSE
*
t
LIGHTER
(0) k3
HORN
BRAKE
COOLANT
DAYTIME
RUNNING .
LAMPS *
FOG LAMPS
TEMP
e
-
,\I/,
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
COOLANT
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BAllERY
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
a
SPEAKER
b
e, p3
FUEL
(@)
V
@% NOTES
vi
@
Section 1 SeatsandRestraintSystems
Here you’ll find information about the seats in your Buick and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some things you should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-6
1-10
1-1 1
1-11
1-18
1-19
1- 19
1-26
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag System
Rear Seat Passengers
1-29
1-32
1-33
1-36
1-5 1
1-63
1-65
1-66
1-66
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for Children
and Small Adults
Center Passenger Position
Children
Built-in Child Restraint (Option)
Child Restraints
Larger Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
2-Way Manual Seat
This section tells you how to adjust the seats and
explains the reclining seatbacks and head restraints.
Manual Front Seat
A C. UTION:
- -
You can lose control of the vehicle if you try to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement could startle and
confuse you, or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicleis not moving.
Lift the bar under the front of the seat using an upward
motion. This will unlock the seat, Slidethe seat to where
you want it and release the bar. Try to move the seat
with your body to be sure the seat is locked into place.
6-Way Power Seat (If Equipped)
This switch is designed to imitate themovements of
your seat cushion. Thedriver’s switch is located on the
left side of the driver’s seatcushion. The passenger’s
switch is located on the rightside of the passenger’s seat
cushion. To move the seatforward or rearward,push the
switch forward or rearward. To raise or lower the entire
seat, push the switch up or down. To raise or lower the
front portion of your seat, push the frontof the switch
up or down. To raise or lower the rear
portion of your
seat, push the rearof the switch up or down.
You may have a six-way power driver’s seatand a
six-way power passenger’s seat (if equipped).
1-3
Reclining Front Seatbacks
If your vehicle is equipped with heated seats, the
driver’s side and passenger’s side three-position
switches are located on the center console, just behind
your automatic transaxle shift lever. Press LO to warm
the seat at a lower temperature. Press HI to warm the
seat at ahigher temperature. To turn this featureoff,
return the switch to its center position. The button
directly in the middle of the heated seat switches is used
for traction control (see “Traction Control System” or
“Enhanced Traction System” in the Index).
1-4
Lift the lever torelease the seatback, then move the
seatback to where you want it. Release the lever to
lock the seatback in place. Pull up on the lever
without pushing on the seatback and the seatback will
move forward.
But don’t have a seatback reclinedif your vehicle
is moving.
Sitting ina reclined position when your vehicleis
if you buckle
in motion can be dangerous. Even
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined like this.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, itwill be in
front of you. In a crashyou could go into it,
receiving neck or other injuries.
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the
belt couldgo up over your abdomen. The belt
forces would be there, notat yourpelvic bones.
This could cause serious internal injuries.
For proper protectionwhen the vehicle is in
motion, have theseatback upright. Then sitwell
back in the seat and wear your safety
belt properly.
Head Restraints
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest tothe top of your ears. Thisposition
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
b
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This partof the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
It is extremely dangerousto ride in a cargo area,
inside or outside of a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas
are morelikely to be
seriously injuredor killed. Do not allow peopleto
ride in any area
of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safety
belts. Be sure
a
everyone in yourvehicle is in a seat and using
safety belt properly.
-
And it explains the air bag system.
I Don’t let anyone ride wherehe or she can’t I
wear
a safety belt properly.If you are in a crash and
you’re not wearinga safety belt, your injuries
can be muchworse. You can hit things inside the
vehicle or be ejected fromit. You can be seriously
injured or killed. In the same crash,
you might
not be if you are buckled up.Always fasten your
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
are fastened properlytoo.
1-6
1
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash.If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes arein between. Inmany of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts areclear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Take the simplestvehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
1-7
I
Put someone on it.
Get it up to speed.Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn’t stop.
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
or the instrument panel ...
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
1-9
Here Are Questions Many PeopleAsk
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
Q."Won't I be trappedin the vehicle afteran
accident if I'm wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you're wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you're upside down. And yourchance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out, ismuch greater if
you are belted.
Q."If my vehicle has air bags, why should
I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
or thesafety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop over more distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That's why
safety belts make such good sense.
1-10
Air bags are inmany vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. Butthey are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for salehas required the use of
safety belts. Even if you're in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckle up to get the most
protection. That's true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in side and other collisions.
Q:
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why shouldI wear safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you and
your passengers can be hurt. Being a good driver
doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatestnumber of serious injuries
and deaths occurat speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are for everyone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This partis only for peopleof adult size.
Be aware that there are special things
to know about safety
belts and chddren. And there are different rules for smaller
children and babies.If a child will be riding in your
vehicle, see the partof this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’llwant to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driverhas a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear it
properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure itis secure. If
the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender’’ atthe end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
1-12
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulder belt
adjuster to the height that is right for you.
3
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under thelap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries.The shoulder belt shouldgo
over the shoulder and acrossthe chest. These partsof the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash, or
if you pull thebelt very quickly out of the retractor.
To move it down, squeeze the release lever and move
the height adjuster to the desired position. You can move
the adjuster upjust by pushing up on the shoulder belt
guide. After you move the adjuster to where you want it,
try to move it down without squeezingthe release lever
to make sure it has locked into position.
1-13
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portionof the belt is
centered on your shoulder. The belt should be awayfrom
your face and neck, but not fallingoff your shoulder.
&:
A:
What’s wrong with this?
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-14
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your
body.
What’s wrong with this?
I
1
You can be seriously injured
if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this. aIncrash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
at the pelvic
belt forces would be there, not
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckle your belt into the buckle
nearest you.
1
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-15
Q.’ What’s wrong with this?
You can be seriously injured
if you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm.
In a crash, your
body would movetoo far forward, which would
increase the chanceof head and neck injury.
to the
Also, the belt would apply too much force
ribs, which aren’t as strongas shoulder bones.
You could also severely injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
A:
The shoulder belt is worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder at all times.
1-16
&= What's wrong with this?
A c 4UT'OT':
You can be seriously injuredby a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn't have the full width
of the
belt to spread impact forces. If a belt
is twisted,
make it straightso it can work properly, or ask
your dealer tofix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-17
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If you slam the door on it, you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protect the fetus is to protect the
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone, the key to making
safety belts effective iswearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Position
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in this section.
The right front passenger’s safety belt works the same
way as the driver’s safety belt -- except for one thing.
If you ever pull the shoulder portion
of the belt out all
the way, you will engagethe child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just let the belt
go back all the
way and start again.
Air Bag System
This part explains the airbag system.
Your vehicle has“Next Generation” reduced-force
frontal airbags -- one air bag for the driver and another
air bag for the right front passenger.
Reduced-force frontal airbags are designed to help
reduce the riskof injury from the force
of an inflating
air bag.But even these air bags must inflate very
quickly if they are todo their job and comply with
federal regulations.
Here are themost important things to know about theair
bag system:
I
You can be severelyinjured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety beltduring a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejectedfrom it. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags even reduced-forceair
bags are designed to work with safety belts,
but don’t replace them. Air bags
are designed to
work only inmoderate to severe crashes where
the frontof your vehicle hits something. They
aren’t designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear,
side or low-speed frontal crashes. And,for
unrestrained occupants, reduced-force air bags
may provide lessprotection in frontal crashes
than more forcefulair bags have provided in
the
past. Everyone inyour vehicle should wear a
safety beltproperly whether or not there’s an
air bag for that person.
--
--
--
--
1-19
Air bags inflate withgreat force, faster than the
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to
an inflating
air bag, it could seriouslyinjure you. This istrue
even with reduced-forcefrontal air bags. Safety
belts help keep you in position before
and during
a crash. Always wear your safety belt, even with
reduced-force air bags. The drivershould sit as
far back as possible whilestill maintaining
control of the vehicle,
1-20
Children whoare upagainst, or very close to,an
air bag whenit inflates can be seriouslyinjured
or killed. This is true even though your vehicle
has reduced-force frontal air bags. Air bags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer the best protection
for
adults, but not for young childrenand infants,
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt systemnor its
air bag system is designed
for them. Young
children and infants need the protection that a
child restraint system can provide. Always secure
children properly in your vehicle.
To read how,
see thepart of this manual called “Children”and
see the caution labels on
the sunvisors and the
right front passenger’s safety belt.
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air
bag symbol.
How the Air Bag System Works
.-. .
The system checks the airbag electrical system for
malfunctions. The lighttells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-21
1
A CAUTION:
I
If something is between an occupant and an air
bag, the bag might not inflate properly
or it
might force the object into
that person. The path
of an inflating air bag must be kept
clear. Don’t
put anything betweenan occupant and anair
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheelhub oron or near any other air
bag covering.
The right front passenger’s air bag is in the instrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
When should anair bag inflate?
What makes an air bag inflate?
An air bag is designed to inflate in moderate
a
to severe
frontal or near-frontal crash. The airbag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform,the threshold level is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design,so that
it can be somewhat above or below this range.If your
vehicle strikessomething that will move or deform,such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts or rear impacts,because inflation would not
help the occupant.
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects thatthe vehicle is in a crash. Thesensing
system triggers a releaseof gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The inflator, air bag and related
hardware are all part of the air bag modules inside the
steering wheel and in the instrumentpanel in front of the
right frontpassenger.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costswere.
Inflation is determined by the angleof the impact and
how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or
near-frontal impacts.
How does anair bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal ornear-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering wheel or
the instrument panel. Air bags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts. Air bags distribute the forceof
the impact more evenly over theoccupant’s upper body,
stopping the occupant more gradually. But air bags
would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers, rear impactsand side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags. Air bags should never be regarded as
anything more than a supplement to safety belts,
and then only in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal collisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflates?
After an air bag inflates, it quickly deflates, so quickly
that some people may not even realize the air bag
inflated. Some components of the air bag module -- the
steering wheel hub for the driver’s air bag, or the
instrument panel for the right front passenger’s
bag -- will be hot for a short time. The parts of the bag
that come into contact with you may be warm, but not
too hot to touch.There will be some smoke and dust
coming from vents in the deflated air bags. Air bag
inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from seeing or from
being able to steer the vehicle, nor does it stop people
from leaving the vehicle.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
0
Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air bag system
won’t be there to help protect you in another crash.
A new system will include air bag modules and
possibly other parts. The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
0
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and
diagnostic module, which records information
about the air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system, when
the sensors are activated and driver’s safety belt
usage at deployment.
0
Let only qualified technicians work on your air
bag system. Improper service can mean that your
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
/!\ CAUTION:
When an air bag inflates, there
is dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
breathing trouble. To avoid this, everyonein the
vehicle should get out as soon
as it is safe to doso.
If’you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
1-24
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for thedriver’s or the
right frontpassenger’s air bag, the bag may not
work properly.You may haveto replace the air
bag module in the steering wheel or both the air
bag module and the instrument
panel for the
right frontpassenger’s air bag. Do not open or
break the airbag coverings.
If your vehicle evergets into a lotof water -- such as
water up to the carpeting or
higher -- or if water enters
your vehicle and soaks the carpet, the
air bag controller
can be soaked and ruined. If this ever happens,and then
you start your vehicle, the damagecould make theair
bags inflate, evenif there’s no crash. You would have to
replace theair bags as well as the sensorsand related
parts. If your vehicle is everin a flood,or if it’s exposed
to water that soaks the carpet,you can avoid needless
repair costsby turning off the vehicleimmediately.
Don’t let anyone start the vehicle,
even to tow it, unless
the battery cables are first disconnected.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are partsof the air bag system in severalplaces
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
dealer and the Regal Service Manual have information
about servicingyour vehicle and the air bag system. To
purchase a service manual, see “Service
and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
For upto 10 minutes after theignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected, an air
bag can stillinflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an airbag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. Theyare
probably part of the air bag system.Be sure to
follow proper service procedures,and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
The air bag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-25
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat
passengers to buckleup!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurt more often in crashesthan those who are
wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehicle in a crash. And they can strikeothers
in the vehiclewho are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Y
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next to the windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure itis secure.
1-26
When the shoulderbelt is pulled outall the way, it
will lock. If it does, let it go
back all the way and
start again.If the belt is not long enough, see“Safety
Belt Extender”at the end of this section. Make sure
the release buttonon the buckleis positioned so you
would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quicklyif
you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight,pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder part.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips,just touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt.If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen.This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should
go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts
of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
1-27
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stop or a crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
A CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder isbelt
too loose. In a crash, youwould move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
1-28
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guidesfor
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulderbelt comfort guides will provide added
safety beltcomfort for childrenwho have outgrown
child restraintsand for small adults.When installed on a
shoulder belt, the comfort guide pullsthe belt away
from theneck and head.
There is one guide for each outside passenger
position in
the rear seat.To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and for
smaller adults, thecomfort guides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:
1. Pull the elastic cordout from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
1-29
2. Slide the guide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
1-30
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cord must be under the belt and the guide
on top.
4. Buckle, positionand release the safetybelt as
described in “Rear Seat OutsidePassenger Positions’’
earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crosses theshoulder.
To remove and store thecomfort guides, squeeze the
belt edges togetherso that you can take them out from
the guides.Pull the guideupward to expose its storage
clip, and then slide theguide onto the clip. Rotate the
guide and clip inward and in between the seatback
and the interiorbody, leaving only the loop of elastic
cord exposed.
1-31
w
Center Passenger Position
Lap Belt
When you sit in the center seating position, you have a
lap safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
1-32
~
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smallerthan adult size.Neither
the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler
changes the need, for everyone, touse safety restraints.
In fact, the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province sayschildren up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Children and Babies
To make the belt shorter, pull its free end as shown until
the belt is snug.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the beltisn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender’’ at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
Children who are up against,
or very close to,any
air bagwhen it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. This is trueeven though your vehicle
has reduced-force frontal air bags. Air bags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer the best protection for
adults, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety beltsystem nor its air
bag system is designed for them.
Young children
and infants need the protection that
a child
restraint system can provide.
Always secure
children properly in yourvehicle.
1-33
‘4
... ,
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a child or infantrestraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say whetherit is
the right type and size for yourchild. A very
young child’ship bones are so small that a
regular belt mightnot stay low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, the belt will likely be overthe
child’s abdomen.In a crash, the belt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatal injuries. So, be sure that
any child small enoughfor one is always properly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
Infants need complete support, including support for the
head and neck. This is necessary because an infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the restof its body. In a crash, an infantin a
rear-facing restraint settles into the restraint,
so the crash
forces can be distributedacross the strongest part of the
infant’s body, the backand shoulders. A baby should be
secured in an appropriate infant restraint.This is so
important that many hospitals today won’t release a
newborn infant toits parents unless there is an
infant restraintavailable for thebaby’s first trip in a
motor vehicle.
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a240-lb. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The baby would be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the baby in an infant restraint.
/r\
CAUTION:
Never hold a baby in your arms while riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much until a
crash. During a crash a babywill become so
heavy you can’t hold it. For example, in a crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
1-55
Built-in Child Restraint (Option)
r
If your vehicle has this option, there’s a built-in child
restraint in the center rear seat position. This child
restraint system conforms to all applicable Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
This child restraint is designed for use only by children
who weigh between 22 and 60 pounds (10 and 27 kg)
and whose height is between 33.5 and 51 inches
(850 and 1 295 mm) and who are capableof sitting
upright alone.
The child should also be at least one year old. It is
important to use a rear-facing infant restraint until the
child is about a year old. A rear-facing restraint gives
the infant’s head, neck and body the support they would
need in a crash. See “Child Restraints” later in this
section for more information.
1-36
Q: Which slots should I use for my child?
A:
With the child seated on the child restraint cushion,
use the pair of slots that is at or just above the top
of the child’s shoulders.
With this built-in child restraint, you can adjust the
height of the harness.Depending on the seated height
of the child,you can route it throughthe upper pair of
slots (A), the middle pair of slots (B) or the lower pair of
slots (C).
For the child shown here, the harness should go through
the middle pair of slots (B).
1-37
@
What if the top of my child’s shouldersis above
the highest pairof slots?
A:
A child whose shoulders are above the highest slots
shouldn’t use this child restraint. Instead, the child
should sit on the vehicle’s seat cushion and use the
vehicle’s safety belts.
Adjusting the Harness Height
A C * “TidN:
MAKE SURE THE TOP OF THE CHILD’S
SHOULDERS IS BELOW THE SLOTS THAT
THE HARNESS GOES THROUGH. A CHILD
WHOSE SHOULDERS ARE ABOVE THOSE
SLOTS COULD BE INJURED DURING A
SUDDEN STOP OR CRASH. IF’ THE TOPOF
THE CHILD’S SHOULDERS IS ABOVE THE
SLOTS, DON’T USE THIS CHILD RESTRAINT.
INSTEAD, THE CHILD SHOULD SIT ON THE
VEHICLE’S REGULAR SEAT AND USE THE
REGULAR SAFETY BELTS.
1-38
1 . Lower the child restraint cushion.
2. If the left and right halvesof the shoulderharness
clip are fastened together, separate them.
3. If the lap-shoulder harness is buckled, unlatch it by
pushing the button on the buckle.
1-39
4. Pull down the seatback part of the pad (D).
1-40
5. Select one sideof the harness. Add some slack to the
shoulder part by pulling up on the lap part. You’ll
keep most of this slack until you finish Step 9.
6. Feed a small amount of harness slackback into
the slot.
7 . m i s t the harness slightly to remove it from the slot.
8. Move the harnessup or down to the correct slot. The
correct slotis the onethat will be at or just above the
top of the child's shoulder.
1-41
10. Pull on the harness. Make sure it is properly routed
and isn't twisted or flipped over.
11. Repeat Steps 5 through 10 for the other side of
the harness. Be sure both sides are adjusted to the
same height.
12. Move the pad back against the child restraint
seatback. Make sure the harness goes through the
slots in the pad that match the height adjustment
slots being used.
13. Press the upper edge of the pad against the
fastener strip.
9. Twist the harness slightly to route it through the
correct slot.
1-42
Securing a Child in theBuilt-in
Child Restraint
Using the vehicle’s regular safety belts ona child
seated onthe child restraint cushion can cause
serious injury to the child ina sudden stop or
crash. If a child isthe propersize for thebuilt-in
child restraint, secure the child usingthe child
restraint’s harness. But children who are too
large forthe built-in child restraint should sit on
the vehicle’s regular seat and use the regular
safety belts.
WARNING! FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE
MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONS ON THE USE
OF THIS CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM CAN
RESULT IN YOUR CHILD STRIKING THE
VEHICLE’S INTERIORDURING A SUDDEN STOP
Now that the harnessis adjusted to the correct height for OR CRASH.
your child, you’reready to use the childrestraint’s
SNUGLY ADJUST THE BELTS PROVIDED WITH
harness (E) to secureyour child.
THIS CHILD RESTRAINTAROUND YOUR CHILD.
Don’t use thevehicle’s safety belts.
1-43
1. If the left and right halves of the shoulder harness
clip arefastened together, separate them.
2. If the lap-shoulder harness is buckled, unlatch it by
pushing the button on the buckle.
3. Place the child on the child restraint cushion.
1-44
4. Select only one side of the harness. Pull the lappart
of the harness out, and place the harness over the
child’s shoulder.
If both sides of the harness are pulled out, the lap
parts will lock. If the lapparts lock, letboth sides of
the harness go back all the way so each side will
move freely again. Then repeat this step, pulling
only one side of the harness out.
5. Push the latchplate (F) into the buckle untilit clicks.
Be sure the buckle is free
of any foreign objectsthat
may prevent you from securing the latch
plates. If
you can’t secure a latchplate, see your dealer for
service beforeusing the child restraint.
6. In a single motion,pull the other side of the harness
all the way out. Keeping the harness pulled all the
way out, place itover the child’s shoulder.
1-45
7. Push the latch plate into the buckle untilit clicks.
Pull on both latch plates tomake sure they are
L Q C ~A
. green indkatw will show in each latch
plate window ((3).
If the harness locks befme the latch plate
reaches the
buckle, let the harness go all the way back SO it will
move fjreely again.Then repeat Steps6 and 7. Be
sure to keep the lamess pulled all the way out until
you buckle it.
Qnce both sides of the lap-shoulder harness a e
pulled outof the retractor and buckled, the hmess
will lock.
8. Now fasten the leftand right halves of the shoulder
harness cliptogether. The indicatorwindow (H) on
the clip willshow green when the two halves are
fastened together. The purpose of this clipis to help
keep theharness positioned on the child’s shoulders.
A CAUTION:
An unfastened shoulder harness clip won’t help
keep the harness in place onthe child’s shoulders.
If the harness isn’t on the child’s shoulders, it
won’t be able to restrainthe child’s upper body
in asudden stop or crash. The child could be
seriously injured. Make sure the harness clip is
properly fastened.
1-47
If the harness still doesn’t lock, don’tuse the child
restraint. See your dealer to have the built-in child
restraint serviced.
9. On both sides of the harness, pull up on the lap part a
little to be sure it’s locked.
If the harness isn’t locked, orif it becomes too tight,
unfasten the harness clip. Then unlatch the harness
by pushing the button on the buckle, and let both
sides of the harness go all the way back so they will
move freely again. Then, repeat Steps 4 through 8.
1-48
10. Adjust the position of the harness on the child’s
shoulders by moving the clip up or down along the
harness. On each side of the harness, the shoulder
part should be centered on the child’s shoulder. The
harness should be away from the child’s face and
neck, but not falling off the child’s shoulders.
Removing the Child from theBuilt-in
Child Restraint
2. Unlatch the harness by pushing the button on
the buckle.
1. Unfasten the shoulder harness clip.
3. Move one sideof the harness off the child’s
shoulder, and let the harness go all the way back.
4. Move the other side of the harness off the child’s
shoulder, and let it go all the way back.
5. Remove the child from the child restraint cushion.
1-49
Storing theBuilt-in Child Restraint
Always properly store the built-in child restraint
before using the vehicle’s lap belt in the center rear
seat position.
1. Buckle the harness and fasten the harness clip.
4. Then press the leg rest firmly into the seatback, and
secure it by pressing the upper corners against the
fastener strips on the seatback.
2. Fold the child restraint cushion and leg rest up into
the seatback.
3. Press the child restraint cushion firmly into the seatback.
Just like the other restraint systems in your vehicle, your
built-in child restraint needs to be periodically checked
and may need to have parts replaced after a crash. See
“Checking Your Restraint Systems” and “Replacing Seat
and Restraint System Parts After a Crash” in the Index.
Child Restraints
Every time infantsand young children ride in
vehicles, they should have protectionprovided by
appropriate restraints.
What are the different typesof add-on
child restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraintsare available in four basic
types. When selecting a child restraint, take into
consideration notonly the child’s weight and size,
but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehiclein which it will
be used.
An infant car bed (A) is a specialbed made foruse
in a motor vehicle. It’s an infant restraintsystem
designed to restrain orposition a child on a
continuous flat surface.With an infantcar bed,
make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the
center of the vehicle.
1-51
A rear-facing infant restraint (B) positions an infant
to face the rear of the vehicle. Rear-facing infant
restraints are designed for infants of up to about
20 lbs. (9 kg) and about one year of age. This type
of restraint faces the rear so that the infant’s head,
neck and body can have the support they need in a
crash. Some infant seats come in two parts -- the
base stays secured in the vehicle and the seat part
is removable.
A forward-facing child restraint (C-E) positions a
child upright to face forward in the vehicle. These
forward-facing restraints are designed to help
protect children who are from 20 to 40 lbs.
(9 to 18 kg) and about 26 to 40 inches
(66 to 102 cm) in height,or up to around four years
of age. One type, a convertible restraint, is
designed to be used either as a rear-facing infant
seat ora forward-facing child seat.
1-53
A booster seat (F, G) is designed for children who
are about 40 to 60 lbs. ( I 8 to 27 kg) and about four
to eight years of age. It’s designed to improve the
fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Booster seats
with shields use lap-only belts; however, booster
seats without shields use lap-shoulder belts.
Booster seats can also help a child to see out
the window.
1-54
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label sayingthat it meets Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standards.
Then follow the instructions forthe restraint. You may
find theseinstructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to besecured within
the restraint tohelp reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant orchild
restraint will show you how to do that. Both the owner’s
manual and the child restraint instructions are important,
so if either one of these is not available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrainedin the rear rather than the front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat.Here’s why:
A child in a rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injuredif the right front passenger’s
air bag inflates,even though your vehicle has
reduced-force frontal airbags. This is because
the back of the rear-facing child restraintwould
be very close to the inflating air bag. Always
secure a rear-facing child restraintin a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before
you do, always
move the front passenger seat as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision or sudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
1-55
Top Strap
If your child restraint has a top strap, your dealer can
obtain a kit with anchor hardware and installation
instructions specifically designed for this vehicle. The
dealer can then install the anchor for you. In Canada,
this work will be done for you free of charge. Or, you
may install the anchor yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
U
If your child restraint has a top strap, it should be
anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, you
can ask your Buick dealer to put it in foryou. If you
want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
you how to do it.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to followthe instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as the instructions say.
Canadian law requires that child restraints have a top
strap, and that the strap be anchored.
1 . Put the restraint on the seat.
1-56
2. Pick up the latch plate,and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safetybelt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulderbelt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put itbehind the child restraint.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulderbelt all theway out of
the retractor to set the lock.
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release
button is
positioned so you would be able tounbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it goback all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
5 . To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into
the retractor while you push down on the child
restraint. If you’re using a forward-facing child
restraint, you may find it helpful to use your knee to
push down on the child restraint as you tighten
the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
1-58
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the
instructions that camewith the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
See the earlier part about the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle's safety belt through or around the
restraint. The child restraint instructions will show
you how.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5. To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you're using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
1-59
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure itis secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult or larger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in theRight
Front Seat Position
U
1-60
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
A CAUTICY:
A child in a rear-facing child rest int can be
seriously injured orkilled if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates, even though your
vehicle has reduced-force frontal air
bags. This
is because the backof the rear-facing child
restraint would be very
close to the inflating
air bag. Always secure a rear-facing child
1 restraint in the rear seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See theearlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child
in the childrestraint when and
as the instructionssay.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passengerair
bag, always move the seatas far back as it willgo
before securing a forward-facing child
restraint. (See
“Seats’’ in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety beltthrough or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder beltgoes in frontof the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-61
D
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the
retractor while you push downon the child restraint.
You may fmd it helpful to use your knee to push down
on the child restraint as you tighten the belt.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure itis secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let itgo back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
1-62
Larger Children
If you have the choice, a child
should sit next to a
window so the childcan wear a lap-shoulderbelt and
get the additional restraint a shoulder
belt can provide.
Accident statistics show that childrenare safer if they
are restrained in therear seat. But they need to use the
safety beltsproperly.
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
0
Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
Children who have outgrown child restraintsshould
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-63
Never do this.
Here twochildren are weanng me same belt.The
belt can't properly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two childrencan be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be used by
only one personat a time.
1-64
Q:
What if a childis wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child isso small that the shoulder belt is
very close to the child's face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child's
shoulder, so that in a crash the child's upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see
"Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides" in the Index.
If the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child's face or neck, you might
want to place the child in the center seat position,
the one that has only a lap belt.
Never do this.
Here a child issitting in a seat that has a
lap-shoulder belt, but the shoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wearsthe belt in this way, in
a crashthe child might slideunder the belt. The
belt’s force wouldthen be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could causeserious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lapportion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force tothe child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten, your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be longenough for you. The extender will
1-65
be just for you,and just forthe seat in your vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit. To wear it, just attach it
to the regularsafety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. If your vehicle has a
built-in child restraint, also periodically make sure the
harness straps, latch plates, buckle, clip, retractors and
anchorages areworking properly. Look for any other
loose ordamaged safety belt and built-in child restraint
system parts. If you see anything that might keep a
safety belt or built-in child restraint system from doing
its job,have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed, get new
a one right away.
If your vehicle has the built-in child restraint, torn or
frayed harness straps can rip apartunder impact forces
just like torn or frayed safety belts can. They may not
protect a child in a crash. If a harness strapis torn or
frayed, get a new harness right away.
1-66
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new safety belts or
built-in child restraint parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary.
But if the safety belts or built-in child restraint harness
straps were stretched, as they would be if worn during a
more severe crash, then you need new safety belts or
harness straps.
If safety belts or built-in child restraint harness straps
are cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage also
may mean you will need to have safety belt, built-in
child restraint or seat parts repaired or replaced. New
parts and repairs may be necessary even if the safety belt
or built-in child restraint wasn’t being used at the time
of the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll need to replace air bag
system parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier in
this section.
Section 2 Features and Controls
Here you can learn about themany standard and optional features on your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and bralung. Also explained are the instrumentpanel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-4
2-9
2- 14
2- 15
2- 16
2- 17
2-1 7
2- 19
2-20
2-22
2-27
2-28
2-30
2-3 1
2-3 1
2-32
2-33
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry
Trunk
Theft
PASS-Key@ I1
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting IntoPARK (P)
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
Windows
2-33
2-34
2-34
2-4 1
2-44
2-47
2-49
2-5 1
2-52
2-53
2-53
2-54
2-54
2-55
2-56
2-59
2-76
Horn
TILT-WHEEL Adjustable SteeringColumn
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Sun Visors
Accessory Power Receptacle
Auxiliary Power Connection (Power Drop)
Astroroof
Cellular Phone Readiness Package
(If Equipped)
OnStar System (Option)
Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
Instrument Panel Cluster
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
Driver Information Center
TM
2-1
Keys
fi
CAUTION:
Leaving young children in a vehicle with the
ignition keyis dangerous for many reasons.
A child or others could be badly injured or
even killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don't
leave the keys in
a vehicle with young children.
2-2
The ignition key is for the
The ignition and door keys don’t have plugs. Your
dealer or Buick Premium Roadside Assistance has the
code for your keys.
If you need a new ignition or door key, contact your
dealer who can obtain the correct key code, or, in an
emergency, call Buick Premium Roadside Assistance at
1-800-252- 11 12. In Canada, call 1-800-268-6800.
NOTICE:
The door key is for the
doors and all other locks.
Your vehicle has a number of features that can
help prevent theft. But you can have a of
lot
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your keys inside.You may even have to damage
your vehicleto get in. So be sure you have
extra keys.
2-3
Door Locks
Unlocked doors canbe dangerous.
Passengers especially children -- can easily
a door is
open the doors and fall out. When
locked, the inside handle
won’t open it.
Outsiders caneasily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow down or stop your vehicle.
This may not beso obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown outof the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’t locked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, andyou will be far
better off whenever you drive yourvehicle.
--
There are several ways to lock and unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your door key or remote keyless
entry transmitter.
2-4
From the inside, to lock or unlock the door manually,
push the lever forward to lock the door. To unlock, push
the lever rearward.
Lockout Protection Feature
Power Door Locks
E
/-
\
Press the power door lock
switch to lock or unlock
all doors.
The rear doors donot have power door lock switches.
The lever on each rear doorworks only that door’s lock.
It won’t lock or unlock all the doors.
This featureprevents a driver who has left the key in the
vehicle’s ignition from locking the doors by using the
power door locks while any door is open. The feature
works by disabling the power door locks when a key is
in the ignition and any door is open.
You may override the Lockout Protection Feature by
holding the power door lock switch in the lock position
for more than three seconds while the key is in the
ignition and any door is open.
Remember, this feature can’tguarantee that you’ll never
be locked out of your vehicle. If you use the manual
door lock or if you don’t leave the key in the ignition,
you could still lock your keys inside your vehicle.
Always remember to take your keys with you.
2-5
Rear-Door Child Security Locks
Your vehicle is equipped with rear-door child security
locks that help prevent passengers from opening the rear
doors of your vehicle from theinside. To use oneof
these locks:
1. Open one of the rear doors.
2. On the inside of the rear door will be a lock. Insert
your key into this lock and rotate it upward. This will
engage the safety lock. To disengage the feature,
rotate the lock downward.
3. Close the door.
4. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
the inside when this feature is in use. If you want to
open the rear door when the security lock is on, unlock
the door from the inside and then open the door from
the outside.
2-6
Programmable Automatic Power
Door Locks
Programmable Automatic Power Door Locks is a
standard featurethat is intended to provide enhanced
security and convenience by automatically locking and
unlocking doors. This feature provides four operating
modes. For your vehicle, you may select and program
one of the following four operatingmodes:
Mode 1: No automatic door lock or unlock.
Mode 2: Automatic all-door lock when the transaxle is
shifted out of PARK (P); no automatic door unlock.
Automatic door relock when any door is unlocked,
opened and then all doors are again closed whilethe
vehicle is not in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and the
driver’s foot is onthe brake pedal.
Mode 3: Automatic all-door lock when the transaxle is
shifted outof PARK (P).
Automatic all-door unlock when the transaxle is shifted
into PARK (P).
Automatic door relock when any door is unlocked,
opened and then all doors are again closed whilethe
vehicle is not in PARK (P) orNEUTRAL (N) and the
driver’s foot is on the brake pedal.
Mode 4: Automatic all-door lock when the transaxle is
shifted outof PARK (P).
Automatic driver’s door only unlock when the transaxle
is shifted into PARK (P).
Automatic door relock when any door is unlocked,
opened and then all doors areagain closed while the
vehicle is not in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and the
driver’s foot ison the brake pedal.
The operatingmode of the Programmable Automatic
Power Door Locks will be changed when the driver
performs the following sequence with the engine not
running, the doors closed and the ignitionkey in RUN:
1. Apply your regular brakes.
2. Press and hold the power door lock switch. While
holding the door lock switch, cycle the transaxle
out
of and back into PARK (P).
After an initial transaxle cycle,each additional cycle
will advance the operating mode by one, starting from
the current operatingmode. During this procedure, the
automatic doorlock and unlock functions will operate
as definedby each mode above, providing the driver
with feedback of the current operatingmode. If cycled
beyond Mode 4, the vehicle will enter operating
Mode 1. When the door lock switch is released, the
vehicle will remain in the most recent operatingmode.
2-7
Disconnecting the vehicle’s battery for up to a year will
not change the programmed mode of the Programmable
Automatic Power Door Locks.
Delayed Locking
Delayed Locking allows the doors to belocked while
passengers are exiting the vehicle. This featurealso
provides a brief time period after all the doors are
closed, but before the doors are locked, in which the
doors may be reopened. Delayed Locking is user
programmable for the enabling or disablingof
the feature.
Delayed Locking is activated when a door lock switch is
pressed while the key is not in the vehicle’s ignition, and
a door is open, The door
lock switch may be either the
lock switch on the door or thelock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter (see “Remote Keyless Entry”
later in this section for more details). Thedoors do not
lock when the lock switch is pressed, but instead, three
chimes are heard. These chimes indicate that the
Delayed Locking function has been activated.
2-8
You have three actions possible once Delayed Locking
is activated:
1. Cancel the Delayed Locking by pressing the unlock
switch or by fully inserting the key in the ignition.
2. Override the Delayed Locking feature and lock the
doors immediately by pressing the lock switch a
second time.
3. Let the Delayed Locking feature complete the
locking of the vehicle.
If you wish to let the Delayed Locking feature complete
the locking of the vehicle, no additional action is
required. The Delayed Locking feature will lock the
doors automatically after all the doors have been closed
for aperiod of five seconds. During this five second
period, any door may be reopened, at which time the
three possible actions shown above are again available.
You may also customize your vehicle to activate the
Delayed Locking feature as described above, or
you
may choose to completely disablethe feature at all
times. If disabled, thepower door lockswill activate
immediately when a power door lock switch is pressed.
The enabled/disabled stateof the Delayed Locking
feature will be toggled when you perform the following
sequence with the doors closedand the ignition key
in RUN:
1. Apply your regular brakes.
2. Press and hold the power door unlock switch. While
holding the doorunlock switch, cyclethe transaxle
out of and back into PARK (P).
After an initial transaxle cycle,each additional cycle
will toggle the enable/disable stateof the Delayed
Locking feature. During this procedure, thechime will
sound, providingyou with feedback. A single chime
will be heard if the Delayed Locking feature is disabled
and two chimes will be heard if the featureis enabled.
When the door unlock switch is released, the vehicle
will remain in the most recent operatingmode.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, takeyour keys, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door. (Also see “Delayed Locking” in this
section for more information.)
Remote Keyless Entry
You can lock and unlock your doors orunlock your
trunk from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m) away
using the remote keyless entry transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
Your remote keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject toFederal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to thefollowing two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference,
and (2) this devicemust accept any interference
received, including interferencethat may cause
undesired operation.
Disconnecting the vehicle battery for up to a year will
not change the programmed mode of the Delayed
Locking feature.
2-9
This devicecomplies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference,
and (2) this devicemust accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
This system has a rangeof about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30
feet (9 m). At times you may notice adecrease in range.
This is normal for any remote keyless entry system. If
the transmitter does not work or if you have to stand
closer to your vehicle for thetransmitter to work,
try this:
Check to determine if battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
Check the distance. You may be too far from your
vehicle. You may need to stand closer during rainy
or snowy weather.
0
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps to the left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer or a
qualified technician for service.
2-10
Operation
Press UNLOCK once to
unlock the driver’s door and
to turn on the interior lamps
(see “Illumination on
Remote Activation” in the
Index for more details).
Press UNLOCK again within five seconds to unlock all
the doors. To lock all doors, press LOCK. To unlock the
trunk, press the trunk symbol on theremote keyless
entry transmitter. The trunk will only unlock if your
transaxle is in PARK (P).
Security Feedback
Security Feedback provides audible and/orvisible
feedback that a remote keyless entry lock orunlock
command has been received and executed. Your
vehicle’s ignition must be off for this feature towork.
You may select oneof four operatingmodes for
reception of a lock command. You may also select one
of four operatingmodes for reception of an unlock
command. The selectionand programming of the lock
and unlock operating modes are independent of each
other. The following modes are available for eitherlock
or unlock verification:
Mode 1: No Verification
Mode 2: Horn Chirp only
Mode 3: Headlamp Flash only
Mode &Horn Chirp and Headlamp Flash
The operatingmode of the Security Feedback lock
feature will be changed when you perform the following
sequence with your vehicle’s doors closed and the
ignition key in RUN:
1. Press and hold the power door lock switch. While
holding the doorlock switch, press and release the
remote keyless entry (RKE) transmitter lock button.
2. This will initialize the customization mode. While in
the customization mode, the featurewill sound the
number of chimes corresponding to the current
Security Feedback lock mode.
Each additional press of the RKE transmitter lock button
will cause your vehicle to advance the lock mode by
one, startingfrom the currentlock mode. If cycled
beyond lock Mode4, the vehicle will enter lock Mode 1.
During this procedure, the featurewill sound the number
of chimes corresponding to the current lockmode,
providing you with feedback. When the door lock
switch is released, the vehicle will remain in the most
recent lock mode.
2-11
The operating mode of the Security Feedback unlock
feature will be changed when you perform the following
sequence with your vehicle’s doors closed and the
ignition key in RUN:
1. Press and hold the power door unlock switch. While
holding the door unlock switch, press and release the
RKE transmitter unlock button. This will initialize
the customization mode.
2. While in the customization mode, the feature will
sound the number of chimes corresponding to the
current unlock mode.
Illumination onRemote Activation
This featureprovides interior illumination when a
remote keyless entry door unlock command is received
and executed by your vehicle. Your vehicle’s ignition
must be off for the Illumination on Remote Activation
feature to work. The interior lamps will illuminate until
your vehicle’s ignition is turned to RUN or until an
illumination period of 40 seconds has elapsed. If a door
is opened during the illumination period, the timed
illumination will be canceled, and the interior lamps will
remain on since adoor is open.
Each additional press of the RKE transmitter unlock
button will cause your vehicle to advance the unlock
mode by one, starting from the current unlock mode. If
cycled beyond unlock Mode 4, the vehicle will enter
unlock Mode 1. During this procedure, the feature will
sound the number of chimes corresponding to the
current unlock mode, providing you with feedback.
When the door unlock switch is released, the vehicle
will remain in the most recent unlock mode.
Instant Alarm
Disconnecting the vehicle’s battery for up to a year will
not change the programmed mode of the lock and
unlock Security Feedback features.
1. You press the alarm button on the RKE transmitter a
second time.
This featureallows you to activate an alarm by pressing
a button on the remote keyless entry transmitter. Your
vehicle’s ignition must be off for the Instant Alarm to
work. When you press the special horn button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter, your vehicle’s
headlamps will flash, the horn will honk repeatedly, and
your interior lamps will illuminate, attracting attention if
you need it. The alarm will continue until:
2. The vehicle’s ignition is in RUN.
3. An alarm period of about two minutes has elapsed.
2-12
Matching Transmitter(s)To Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitter
is coded to
prevent another transmitter from unlockingyour vehicle.
If a transmitteris lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased throughyour dealer. Remember to bringany
remaining transmitterswith you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealermatches the replacement
transmitter toyour vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also bematched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitter will
not unlock your
vehicle. Eachvehicle can have only four transmitters
matched to it.
1 NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to touch
any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
I
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmitter should last about three years.
You can tell the battery
is weak if the transmitterwon’t
work at the normal range in any location. If you have to
get close toyour vehicle beforethe transmitter works,
it’s probably time to change thebattery.
2-13
To replace your battery:
Trunk
1. Insert a flat object like a dime
into the slot on the
back of the transmitter. Gently pry apart the front
and back.
2. Gently pry the battery out of the transmitter.
3. Put the new battery into the transmitter as
shown on the transmitter (use type CR2032 battery
or equivalent).
4. Put the two halves back together. Make sure the
halves are together tightly so water won’t get in.
5. Resynchronize and then test the transmitter.
Resynchronizing Your Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
After you have changed the battery in your transmitter,
you will need to resynchronize the transmitter. To do
this, press the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons on the
transmitter together and hold for approximately seven
seconds or until three brief horn chirps areheard. You
will also need to usethis procedure if your vehicle has
lost battery power for an extended period of time.
2-14
It can be dangerous to drive with the trunk open
because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can come into
your vehicle. You can’t see or smell CO. It can
cause unconsciousnessand even death.
If you must drive with the trunk open ifor
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through the seal between the body and
the trunk:
Make sure all windows are shut.
0 Tbrn the fan on your heating cooling
or
system to its highest speed with the setting
on VENT. That will force outside air into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in
the Index.
If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the
way.
See “Engine Exhaust’’ in the Index.
Trunk Lock
Parking at Night
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert
the door key
and turn it. You can also press the carsymbol on your
remote keyless entrytransmitter.
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storage area, or take them with you.
Theft
Parking Lots
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities.
Although your vehicle has anumber of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we puton it can
make it impossible to steal.
However, there are ways
you can help.
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key?
0
If possible, park in a busy, well lit area.
0
Put your valuables in a storage area,like your
trunk or glove box.Be sure to close and lock the
storage area.
0
Close all windows.
0
Lock the glovebox.
0
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
0
Then take the door key and remote keyless entry
transmitter with you.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside,it’s an
easy target forjoy riders or professionalthieves -- so
don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chimereminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lockthe doors.
2-15
PASS-Key@I1
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key I1
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key I1 is a passive
theft-deterrent system. It
works when you insert or
remove the key from
the ignition.
PASS-Key I1 uses a resistor pellet in the ignition key
that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-KeyI1 system senses that someoneis
using the wrong key,it shuts down the vehicle’s starter and
fuel systems. For about three minutes, the starter won’t
work and fuel won’t go to the engine. If someone triesto
start your vehicle againor uses anotherkey during this
time, the vehicle will not start. This discourages someone
from randomly trying different keys with different resistor
pellets in an attempt to make a match.
Clean and dry the key. Wait about three minutes and try
again. If the starter still won’t work, and the key appears
to be clean and dry, wait about three minutes and try
another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to
check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index). If the starter won’t work with the other key, your
vehicle needs service. If your vehicle does start, the first
ignition key may be faulty. See your dealer or a
locksmith who can service the PASS-Key 11.
If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or
missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work. The
SECURITY light will then come on. But you don’t have
to wait three minutes before trying another ignition key.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service the
PASS-Key I1 to have a new key made.
If you’re ever drivingand the SECURITY light comes
on, you will be able torestart your engine if you turn it
off. Your PASS-Key I1 system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key I1 system.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key I1 ignition key, see
your dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key I1
The ignition key must be clean and dry before it’s inserted to have a new key made. In an emergency, call the Buick
in the ignition or the engine may not start. If the engine
Premium Roadside Assistance Center at
does not start and the SECURITY light is flashing, the key 1-800-252- 1 112. In Canada, call 1-800-268-6800.
may be dirty or wet. Turn the ignition off.
2-16
Ignition Positions
1 sw Vehicle “Break-In”
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t needan elaborate
“break-in.” But itwill perform better in the long
run if you followthese guidelines:
0 Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
slow for the first500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
0 Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) orso. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops withnew linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get new brake linings.
Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer” in the Index for
more information.
--
--
A
L
With the ignition key in the ignition, you can turn tne
switch to five positions:
ACCESSORY (A): The accessory position lets you use
the radio and windshield wipers when the engine is off.
To use ACC, push in the key and turn it toward you.
Your steering wheel will stay locked.
2-17
LOCK (B): Before you put the key into the ignition
switch, the switch is in LOCK. It’s alsothe only position
from which you can remove your key. This position
locks your ignition, steering wheel and transaxle. It’s a
theft-deterrent feature.
OF” (C): This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel. Use OFF if you must have your vehicle pushed
or towed.
RUN (D): This position is where the key returns after
you start your vehicle. With the engine off, you
can use RUN to display some of your warning and
indicator lights.
START (E): This position starts your engine.
A warning chime will sound if you open the driver’s
door when the ignition is in OFF, LOCK or
ACCESSORY and the key is in the ignition.
2-18
‘
~
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck inLOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sureyou are using thecorrect key; if
so, is it all theway in? Ifit is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. But turn thekey only with your hand.
key or the
Using a tool to force it could break the
ignition switch. If none
of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
In case you cannot remove your key from the ignition,
find the access slot which is located underneath the
steering column below the lock cylinder.
To use this slot, remove the trim cap. Insert a key or
screwdriver into the access slot and rotate the lock
cylinder. You will now beable toremove your key from
the ignition. Be sure to replacethe trim cap after use.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift leverto PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re alreadymoving,
use NEUTRAL (N) only.
I NOTICE:
I NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery tobe
drained much sooner. And theexcessive heat can
damage your startermotor.
~
Don’t try to shift to
PARK (P) if your Buickis
moving. If you do, you could damage the
transaxle. Shift toPARK (P) only when your
vehicle is stopped.
~
2. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in
START for about three to five seconds at a time until
your engine starts. Wait about 15 seconds between
each try to help avoid draining your battery or
damaging your starter.
~
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal,turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts,let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
2-19
3. If your engine still won’t start (,or starts but then stops),
it could be flooded with too much gasoline. Tly
pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the floor
and holding it there as you hold the key i n START for
about three seconds. If the vehicle starts brkfly but
then stops again, do,the same thing, but this time keep
the pedal down for five or six seconds. This clears the
extra gasoline from the engine. After waiting about
15 seconds, repeat the noma1 starting procedure.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in yourvehicle. If you add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change the way
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with your dealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual thattells how to do it
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle” in the Index.
2-20
In very cold weather, 0°F (- 18”C ) or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
cord is attached to the underside of the diagonal
brace located behind the air cleaner.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 1 10-volt AC outlet.
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug
and store the cord as it was before to keep it away
from moving engine parts. If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should y o u keep the coolant heater plugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here,we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice forthat
particular area.
Plugging the cord intoan ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock.
Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord intoa properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet.If the cord won’t reach,use a
heavy-duty three-prong extensioncord rated for
at least 15 amps.
2-21
Automatic Transaxle Operation
)1
Your automatic transaxle
will have a shift lever on the
console between the seats.
The above graphic is also displayed on your instrument
panel cluster.
Maximum engine speed is limited on automatic
transaxle vehicles when you’re in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) to protect driveline components from
improper operation.
2-22
There are severaldifferent positions for your shift lever.
PARK (P): This locks your front wheels. It’s the best
position to usewhen you start your engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
r
It is dangerous to get out
of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK(P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehiclecan roll.
Don’t leave yourvehicle when the engine is
running unlessyou have to. If you have left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
You or others could be injured.
To be sure your
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
(P).
move the shift lever to PARK
See “Shifting Into PARK(P)” in the Index.If
you’re pulling a trailer, see“Towing a Trailer” in
the Index.
Make sure the shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle
Shift Interlock (BTSI). You must fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
when the ignition is in RUN. If you cannot shift out of
PARK (P), ease pressure on the shift lever by pushing it
all the way into PARK (P) while keeping the brake pedal
pushed down. Releasethe shift leverbutton. Then move
the shift lever outof PARK (P). See “Shifting Out of
PARK (P)” in the Index.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R)while your vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R) only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice or sand without damaging your transaxle, see “If
You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in the Index.
2-23
NEUTRAL (N):In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused
by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N)with the engine
racing isn’t covered by your warranty.
2-24
Going less than 35 mph (55 k d h ) , push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
1
Shifting outof PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed)
is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmlyon the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose controland hit people or
objects. Don’t shift outof PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
--
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0):
This position is
for normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re;
Going about 35 mph (55 k d h ) or more, push the
accelerator pedal all the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have
more power.
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seemsto start up rather
slowly, or
if it seems not to shift gears you
as go faster,
something may be wrong witha transaxle system
sensor. If you drive very far that
way, your
vehicle can be damaged.So, if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced rightaway. Until then, you
can use SECOND (2) when you are drivingless
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE (@)for higher speeds.
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, butit offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@).
Here are some timesyou might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0):
0
When driving on hilly, winding roads.
0
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
0
When going down a steep hill.
0
When driving in non-highway scenarios (i.e. city
streets, etc.).
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND ( 2 ) on hills.
It can help controlyour speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to use
your brakes off and on.
I NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND (2) for more than
25 miles(40 km), or at speeds over
55 mph
(90 km/h), or you can damage your transaxle.
Use AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE(0)
or
THIRD (3) as much as possible.
Don’t shift into SECOND(2) unless you are going
slower than65 mph (105 km/h), or you can
damage your engine.
2-25
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than SECOND (2). You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
shift lever is put in FIRST (1)’ the transaxle won’t shift
Driver SelectableShift (If Equipped)
Press the driver selectable
shift button to allow the
transaxle to shift at higher
engine speeds,increasing
acceleration performance.
into first gear until the vehicle is going slowly enough.
I NOTICE:
If your frontwheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happenif you were stuckin
a solid
very deep sandor mud or were up against
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into
PARK (P)
to hold yourvehicle in positionon a hill.
PERF
SHIFT
The PERF SHIFT light on
your instrument panel
cluster will glow when
driver selectable shifting is
being used.
Downshifts will occur ata lower percentage of accelerator
use while you’re in the driver selectable shift mode.
Press the button again to return to normal shifting. The
transaxle will then shift at lower engine speeds,
increasing fuel economy.
2-26
Shift Lock Release
1
P
2
If your vehicle’s battery
should go dead or there is a
lack of electrical power, there
is an access slot that will allovJ
you to override the PARK (P)
lock if your shifter is stuck in
PARK (P).
The access slot is located beneath a small cap on the
right side of the console shiftpanel. To remove the cap,
use a screwdriver orkey. Then insert the key or
screwdriver intothe slot, press down and hold. Make
sure you have your foot on the brake pedal while you
are performing this procedure. You will now be able to
shift your vehicle out of PARK (P).
Parking Brake
To set the parking brake,
hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot.
Push down the parking
brake pedalwith your
left foot.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right foot and push the parking
brake pedal with your left foot. When you lift your left
foot, the parking brake pedal will follow it to the
released position.
A warning chime will sound if the parking brake is set,
the ignition is on and the shift leveris not in PARK (P)
or NEUTRAL (N).
2-27
NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat.
You may have to
replace them, andyou could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and parking on any hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
It can be dangerous to get out
of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the
’
parking brake firmly set,
Your vehicle can roll,If
you have left the engine running, the
vehicle can
move suddenly.You or others could be injured.
To be sure yourvehicle won’t move, even when
you’re on fairly level ground, use the steps
that
follow. If you’re pullinga trailer, see ‘(Towing a
Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot and
set the parking brake with your left foot.
2-28
2. Move the shift lever into
the PARK (P) position
like this:
0
Hold in the button on thelever, then push the lever
all the way toward the front of your vehicle.
0
Move the ignition key to LOCK.
3. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignitionkey in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
It can be dangerous to leave your
vehicle with the
engine running.Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not
fully in PARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly
set. And, if you
leave thevehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire.
You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle with the
engine running unlessyou have to.
.~
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is in PARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set beforeyou leave it.After
you’ve moved the shift leverinto the PARK (P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if
you can move the shift lever out of PARK (P) without
first pushing the button. If you can, it means that the
shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
2-29
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle into PARK (P) properly, the weight of the
Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock
(BTSI). You must fully apply your regular brakes
before you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is
in RUN. See “Automatic Transaxle Operation” in
the Index.
vehicle may put too much force on the parking pawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever outof PARK (P). This iscalled “torque lock.” To
prevent torque lock, set the parking brake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting Into PARK (P)” in
the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock does occur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a little uphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift lever out of PARK (P).
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever by pushing it all the way into PARK (P)
while keeping the brake pedal pushed down. Release the
shift lever button. Then move the shift lever out of
PARK (P).
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
1. Turn the ignition key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the engine and shift to the drive gear you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-30
Parking Over Things That Burn
.
:'
..
'
:'!
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under yourvehicle and ignite. Don't park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
can burn.
Engine Exhaust
Engine exhaust cankill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide(CO), which you can't see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in
if:
0 Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
0 Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
0 Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on theroad or over road debris.
Repairs weren't done correctly.
0 Your vehicle or exhaust system had been
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaustis coming into
your vehicle:
0 Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
0 Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
2-31
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here aresome things to know.
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle (seethe earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into yourvehicle evenif
the fan switchis at the highest setting. One place
this can happenis a garage. Exhaust with
CO can come ineasily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
Another closed-in place can be a blizzard.
(See “Blizzard” in the Index.)
--
I
2-32
--
It can be dangerous to
get out of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehicle can roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engineis
running unlessyou have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
To be sure your
You or others could be injured.
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
PARK (P).
move the shift lever to
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting Tnto PARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Windows
Power Windows
The driver’swindow switch has an express-down
feature. Thisswitch is labeled AUTO. Tap the rearof
the switch,and the driver’swindow will open a small
amount. If the rear of the switch is pressed all the way
down, the window will go all theway down.
To stop thewindow while itis lowering, press the front
of the switch.To raise thewindow, press and hold the
front of the switch.
The driver’swindow controls also include a lock-out
switch. Press LOCK to stop frontand rear passengers
from using their window switches. The driver can still
control all thewindows with the lock on.Press the other
side of the LOCK button fornormal window operation.
Horn
Press anywhere near the horn symbols on your steering
wheel pad to sound the horn.
Switches on the driver’s door armrest control each
of the
windows when the ignitionis on. In addition,each
passenger’s door has a switch forits own window.
2-33
TILT-WHEEL Adjustable
Steering Column
TM
Turn SignaYMultifunction Lever
A tilt steering wheel allows
you to adjust the steering
wheel before you drive. You
can also raise it to the
highest level to give your
legs more room when you
exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the
lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level,
then release the lever to lock the wheel into place.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes your:
0
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer
0
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
Cruise Control (Option)
0
2-34
Flash-to-Pass
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positionsallow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the leverwill return
automatically.
An arrow on the instrument
panel will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
To signal a lane change, just raise lower
or
the lever
until the arrow starts to flash. Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
If the arrow flashes fasterthan normal as you signal a
turn or a lane change, a signal bulb
may be burned out
and other driverswon’t see your turn signal.
If a bulb isburned out, replace it to help avoid
an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn,check for burned-out bulbs and then check
the fuse (see“Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index).
A chime will sound if you leave your turn signal on for
more than 314 mile (1.2 km).
Headlamp High/Low Beam Changer
To change your headlamps
from low beams to high
beams, or high to low, pull
the multifunction lever all
the way toward you. Then
release it.
When the high beams are on, this light on the instrument
panel also will be on.
2-35
Flash-to-Pass Feature
Windshield Wipers
This featurelets you use your high-beam headlamps to
signal the driver in front of you that you want to pass. It
works even if your headlamps are off.
To use it, pull the turn signal levertoward you a little,
but not so far that you hear a click.
If your headlamps are off or on low beam, your
high-beam headlamps will turn on. They’llstay on as
long as you hold the lever toward you and the
high-beam indicator on the dash will come on. Release
the lever to turn the high-beam headlamps off.
You control the windshield wipers by turning the band
marked WIPER. For a single wiping cycle, turn the band
to MIST. Hold it there until the wipers start, then let go.
The wipers will stop after one cycle. If you want more
cycles, hold the band on MIST longer.
2-36
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band to LO. For
high-speed wiping, turn the band further, to HI.To stop
the wipers, turn the band to OFF.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or shortdelay
between wipes, This canbe very useful in light rain or
snow. Turn the band to choose the delay time. The
closer to LO, the shorter thedelay between wipes.
Be sure to clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen to thewindshield,
carefully loosen orthaw them. If your blades do become
damaged, get new blades or blade inserts.
Heavy snow or icecan overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or iceto prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
At the top of the multifunction lever, there’sa paddle with
the word PUSH on it. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle.The wipers will run for
several sweeps and then either
stop or return to your preset
speed. See “Windshield Washer Fluid”in the Index.
I
A CAUTICU:
I
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form ice on the windshield, blocking
your vision.
LOW WASH
The LOW WASH light on
your instrument panel
cluster will glow when the
fluid level is low.
2-37
Cruise Control (Option)
Cruise control can be dangerouswhert: y’ou
can’t drive safelyat a steady speed.So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless
wheel
spinning, andyou could lose control.Don’t
use cruise controlon slippery roads.
With cruise control, you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 k d h ) or more without keeping your foot on
the accelerator. This can reallyhelp on long trips. Cruise
control does not work at speeds below about 25 mph
(40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the cruisecontrol
shuts off.
2-38
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the optional
traction control system begins to limitwheel spin, the
cruise controlwill automatically disengage. (See
“Traction Control System” in the Index.) When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may turn
the cruise control back on.
Resuming a Set Speed
Setting Cruise Control
Suppose you set your cruise controlat a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This,of course, shutsoff
the cruise control.But you don’t need to reset it.
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise,you might hita button
and go into cruise whenyou don’t want to. You
could be startled and even lose control. Keep the
cruise control switchoff until you want to use it.
1
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise
control switchfrom ON to
R/A (Resume/Accelerate)
for about half a second.
You’ll go right back up to
your chosen speed and
stay there.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
9
1
3. Push in the SET/COAST
button at the end of the
lever and release it. The
CRUISE light on the
instrument panel will
come on.
Increasing Speed WhileUsing Cruise Control
There are twoways to go to a higher speed:
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Push in the SET/COAST button, then release the
button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now cruise at
the higher speed.
1
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-39
0
Move the cruise switch from ON to WA. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and
then release the switch. (To increase your speed in
very small amounts, move the switchto R/A for less
than half a second and then release it.Each time
you do this, your vehicle will go about 1 mph
(1.6 k m k ) faster.)
The accelerate feature will only work after you
set thecruise control speed by pushing the
SETKOAST button.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise controlwill work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to a lower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control. Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise control on
steep hills.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Ending Cruise Control
There aretwo ways to reduceyour speed while using
cruise control:
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
Push in the SETKOAST button until you reach the
lower speed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, push the SET
button for lessthan half a second. Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise control speed you set earlier.
2-40
Step lightly on the brake pedal; OR
0
Move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Cruise Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, or
shift into PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N), your cruise
control set speed memory is erased,
Exterior Lamps
The lamp controls are located
on the instrument panel.
They control thesesystems:
0
Headlamps
0
Taillamps
0
Parking Lamps
If you pull the knob out
halfway, it will turn on your
parking lamps and your
other operating lamps. If
you pull the knob all the
way out, your headlamps
will then come on.
a License Lamps
0
Sidemarker Lamps
0
Instrument Panel Lights
0
Courtesy Lamps
Push theknob in all theway to turn off the lamps.
0
Fog Lamps
0
Cornering Lamps
A warning chime will sound if you open the driver’s
door when you turn the ignitionswitch to OFF, LOCK
or ACCESSORY with the lamps on.
2-41
Daytime Running Lamps/ Automatic
Headlamp Control
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
others to see the front of your vehicle during the day.
DRL can be helpful in many different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn and before sunset.
A light sensor on top of the instrument panel makes the
DRL work, so be sure itisn’t covered.
The DRL system will make your front turn signal lamps
come on when:
The ignition is on,
The headlamp switch is off and
The parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, only your front turn signal lamps
will be on. The headlamps, taillamps, sidemarker and
other lamps won’t be on. Your instrument panel won’t
be lit up either.
When it’s dark enough outside, your front turn signal
lamps will turn off and your vehicle’s headlamps and
parking lamps will turn on. The other lamps that come
on with your headlamps will also come on.
When it’s bright enough outside, your headlamps will go
off and your front turn signal lamps will come on.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking
brake while the ignition is in OFF or LOCK. Then start
your vehicle. The DRL, headlamps and parking lamps
will stay off until you release the parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
Twilight Sentinel
Twilight Sentinel providesa period of exterior
illumination as you leave the vicinity of your vehicle.
The feature is activated when your vehicle’s headlamps
are on due to the automatic headlamp control feature
described previously in this section, and when your
vehicle’s ignition is turned off. Your headlamps will
then remain on until the headlamp switch is moved from
OFF to the parking lamp position or until a 90 second
illumination period has elapsed.
If you turn off the ignition with the headlamp switch in
the parking lamp or headlamp position, theTwilight
Sentinel cyclewill not occur.
You can customize the vehicle to activate theTwilight
Sentinel when your vehicle’s ignition is turned off under
the conditions described above, or
you may choose not
to activate this feature under any conditions. The
enabled/disabled state of this feature will be toggled
when you perform the following sequence with the
doors closed and the ignition key in RUN:
1. Press and hold the power door lock switch. While
holding the door lock switch, cyclethe headlamp
switch on and then off two times.
2. Release the power door lock switch. These
operations must be carried out in a timeperiod of
less than 10 seconds, followed by a delay period of
no more than 10 seconds.
3. Then, press and hold the power door unlock switch.
While holding the door unlock switch, cyclethe
headlamp switch on and then off two times. Release
the courtesy door unlock switch. These operations
must be carried out in a time period of less than
IO seconds.
After releasing the door unlock switch, a singlechime
will be heard if the Twilight Sentinel functionhas been
disabled; two chimes will be heard if the featurehas
been enabled. Disconnectingthe vehicle’s battery for up
to a year will not change the programmed operation of
this feature.
2-43
Interior Lamps
Fog Lamps
To turn the fog lamps on,
press the log lamps switch
located below the headlamp
switch on the left side of the
steering column.
Instrument Panel Brightness Control
You can brighten or dim the instrument panel lights by
moving the LIGHTS dial. If you turn the dial past
MAX, your courtesy or interior lamps will come on.
Courtesy Lamps
A light will glow on the switch to let you know that they
are on. (Your parking lamps must be on or your fog
lamps won’t come on.) Pressthe switch again to turn the
fog lamps off. The fog lamps will go off whenever you
change to high-beam headlamps. When you return to
low beams, the fog lamps will come on again.
Cornering Lamps
The cornering lamps are designed to come on when you
signal a turn. This will provide more light for cornering
at night.
2-44
When any door is opened, several lamps come on. These
lamps are courtesy lamps. They make it easy for you to
enter and leave your vehicle. You can also turn these
lamps on by moving the interior lamps dial all the way
to the right.
Illuminated Entry
Your courtesy lamps will come on and stay on for a set
time whenever you press UNLOCK on the remote
keyless entry transmitter.
If you open a door, the lamps will stay on while it’s open
and then turn off automatically about 25 seconds after
you close it. If you press UNLOCK and don’t open a
door, the lamps will turn off after about 40 seconds.
Illuminated Entry includes a featurecalled theater
dimming. With theater dimming, the lamps don’t just
turn off at the end of the delay time. Instead, they slowly
dim after the delay time until they go out. The delay
time is canceled if you turn the ignition key to RUN or
START, so the lamps will dim right away.
When the ignition is on,Illuminated Entry is inactive,
which means the courtesy lamps won’t come on unless a
door is opened.
Delayed Entry Lighting
Delayed Entry Lighting illuminatesyour vehicle’s
interior fora period of time after all the doorshave
been closed.
The ignition must be off for Delayed Entry Lighting to
work. Just after all the doors have been closed, the
Delayed Entry Lighting featurewill continue to
work until:
0
Delayed Exit Lighting
This feature illuminates your vehicle’s interior for a
period of time after the ignition key is removed from
the ignition.
The vehicle’s ignition must be off for Delayed Exit
Lighting to work. When the ignition key is removed,
interior illumination will activate and remain on until:
0
The ignition is in RUN.
The power door locks are activated.
An illumination period of 25 seconds has elapsed.
If during the illumination period a door is opened, the
timed illumination period will be canceled and the
interior lamps will remain on since a door is open.
The ignition is in RUN.
o The doors are locked.
0
An illumination period of 25 seconds has elapsed.
If during the illumination perioda door is opened, the
timed illumination period will be canceled and the
interior lamps will remain on since a door is open.
2-45
Rearview Mirror Reading Lamps
(If Equipped)
Battery Rundown Protection
Your vehicle has a feature to helpprevent you from
draining the battery in case you accidentally leave the
interior courtesy lamps, reading/map lamps, visorvanity
lamps, trunk lamp, underhood lamp or glovebox lamps
on. If you leave any of these lamps on, they will
automatically turn off after 20 minutes, if the ignition is
in OFF. The lamps won’t come back on again until you:
Turn the ignition on,
0
Turn the lamp switch off, then on; or
Open a door.
Note that if your vehicle has less than 15 miles (25 km)
on the odometer, the battery saver will turn off the lamps
after only three minutes.
Use the switch next to each ].ampto turn them on
and off.
Dome Lamp
The dome lamp will come on when you open the doors.
2-46
Retained Accessory Power
With retained accessory power, your power windows,
audio system and sunroof will continue towork up to 10
minutes after the ignition key is turned to OFF and none
of the doors are opened.
Mirrors
Adjust all the mirrors so you can see clearly when you
are sittingin a comfortable driving position.
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror
To reduce glare from lampsbehind you, pull the lever at
the bottom of the mirror toward you (to the night
position). To return the mirror back to the day position,
push the lever away from you.
Electrochromic Automatic Dimming
Rearview Mirror (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have an electrochromic dayhight
rearview mirror. Push the button in the center of the
mirror to turn this feature on. Themirror will darken
gradually to reduce glarefrom headlamps behind you.
This may take a few moments.
The mirror’s two outer buttons operate the lights on the
bottom sides of the mirror.
One photocell on the front of the mirror senses when it
is becoming dark outside. Another photocell, facing
rearward, senses headlamps behind you. To turn the
electrochromic featureoff, press the button in the center
of the mirror again.
To keep the photocells operatingwell, occasionally
clean them with a cottonswab and glass cleaner.
I
2-47
Power Outside Foldaway Mirrors
The power mirror control
switches arelocated near
the driver’s side window, on
the armrest. To choose
either the left or right
outside mirror, move the top
switch from left through
neutral to right. Press any of
the four buttons located
below the top switch to
move the mirrors in the
desired direction.
Adjust each mirror so you can see the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
These mirrors can also be folded rearward manually.
This feature is particularly useful in automatic car
washes and when maneuvering your vehicle in
narrow spaces.
2-48
Heated Foldaway Outside Mirrors
The left and right outside mirrors are heated when you
activate the rear window defogger. (See “Rear Window
Defogger in the Index“.)
Convex Outside Mirror
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirroror glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Storage Compartments
Glove Box
Use the doorkey to lock and unlock theglove box. To
open, lift the latch.
Center Console
To access the cupholders,press on the topof the
cupholder door, located justbehind the console shift
lever. Two cupholders willpop into an upright position.
The consolehas cupholders, a cassette tape storage area
and a coinholder. To open the console’s storage area,
press the latch located
toward the frontof the console lid
on the driver’s sideof the vehicleand pull up.
2-49
Rear Seat Pass-Through(If Equipped)
Trunk Convenience Net (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it
on the back wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags, behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Storethose in the
trunk as farforward as you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flatwhen
you’re not using it.
Ashtrays and Lighter
If your vehicle has this feature, you may access
your trunk by pulling down the center back seat
cushion -- this gives you access to the pass-through
door. The door can only be unlocked using your door
key. Once this door is unlocked, you will then have
access to the trunk area.
To access the rear cupholders, once again, pull down on
the cloth straplocated toward the top of your center
back seat cushion. You will then have access to the dual
oversized cupholders.
2-50
The center front ashtray is located just below the
instrument panel’s comfort controls at the front
of the
console. To remove the ashtray, open the front
compartment storage door. Then open the small black
door, lift up on the ashtray and pull it out.
The rear ashtray is located within a small door at the
rear of the console. Push on the right side of the door.
The ashtray will then rotate to the right for usage. You
can only access the ashtray by pushing on the door’s
right side. To remove the ashtray, push down on the
snuffer located in the middle of the ashtray and lift
it out.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers and other things that burn into
your ashtrays. If you do, cigarettesor other
smoking materials could set them on fire,
causing damage.
To use thelighter, just push it in all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while itis heating. If you do, itwon’t be able to
back away from the heating element when
it’s
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also move them from side to side.The visors also
have extenders that you can pull out for added coverage.
Visor Vanity Mirrors
Open the cover to exposethe vanity mirror.
If your vehicle has the optional lighted vanity mirrors,
the lamps come on when you open the cover.
Accessory Power Receptacle
Your vehicle is equipped with a 12-volt outlet. It is
located on the console’s passenger’s side, near the floor.
Open the cover to use the outlet. This feature can be
used to add aftermarket electrical equipment to
your vehicle.
1 NOTICE:
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damage it or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment and never use anything that
exceeds the fuse rating.
2-52
Auxiliary Power Connection
(Power Drop)
Your vehicle is equipped
with an auxiliary
power connection.
This feature providespower, ground and accessory
wires which can be accessed toadd aftermarket
electrical equipment to your vehicle. It is located on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle, under the glovebox,
and is labeled with a wire functionand fuse rating. For
information on accessing the connectionand electrical
hookup, please referto your service manual. To order a
service manual, see “Service Publications,Ordering” in
the Index.
I NOTICE:
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damageit or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment and never use anything that
exceeds the fuse rating.
Astroroof (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with an express-open
astroroof. It includes a sliding glass panel and a
one-piece sunshade. The control switch works only
when the ignition or RAP is on. See “Retained
Accessory Power” in the Index. The control switch is
located overhead on the headliner.
2-53
Cellular Phone Readiness Package
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a wiring harness that
will work with a dealer-installed GM Hughes@portable
phone. The phone has integrated features with the radio
and car audio speakers. See your dealer for more details.
OnStar System (Option)
Your vehicle has been prewired for dealerinstallation of
the OnStar System. The followingservices are available
24 hours a day:
To open the astroroof, push the rear of the switch once
and the astroroof will open to thevent position only.
You will need to open the sunshade by hand.
Push the rear of the switch a second time and the
astroroof will open the remainder of the way by itself.
This isthe express-open feature.
To close the astroroof, push and hold the frontof the
switch until the sunroof motor stops. The sunshade can
only be closed by hand.
2-54
0
Roadside Service with Location
0
Emergency Services Button
0
Remote Door Unlock
Theft Vehicle Tracking
Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
Concierge/Customer Conveniences Services
For more information, contact your dealer.
Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
A. Lamp Controls
D. Glove Box
B. Instrument Cluster
E. Audio System
C. Vents
E Climate Controls
2-55
Instrument Panel Cluster
Standard Cluster: United States Version Shown, Canadian Similar
Your instrument cluster is designedto let you know at a glance how your vehicleis running. You’ll know how fast
you’re going, abouthow much fuelis in your tank andmany other things you need to drive safelyand economically.
2-56
Optional Cluster: United States Version Shown, Canadian Similar
2-57
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour (km/h). Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven in
either miles (used in the United States) or in kilometers
(used in Canada).
Your vehicle has a tamper-resistant odometer. If you see
ERROR, you’ll know someone has probably tampered
with it and the numbers may not be accurate.
If the button is pressed and held for longer than
1.S seconds while in the odometer mode, it will have
no effect.
Tachometer
3
4
2 \ \ ‘ I
\
RPM/1000
’2
The tachometer displays
the engine speed in
thousands of revolutions
per minute (rpm).
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the
mileage total of the old odometer, then that will be done.
But if it can’t,then it will be set at zero and a label must
be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage
reading when the new odometer was installed.
Trip Odometer
Optional cluster
tachometer shown above
Your trip odometer tells how far you have driven since
you last reset it. To set it to zero, press the button on the
right side of the instrument cluster.
I NOTICE:
Your triphelect reset switch will go back and forth
between the odometer and the trip odometer if the
button is pressed and released within 1.5 seconds. If the
button is pressed and held for longerthan 1.5 seconds
while in the trip odometer mode, it will be reset to zero.
2-58
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in
the red area,or engine damagemay occur.
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describesthe warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signalthat something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement.Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others frominjury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the detailson the next few pages, some
warning lights come on briefly when you start the
engine just to letyou know they’re working.If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to let you know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
dangerous. So please get toknow your warning lights
and gages. They’rea big help.
Your vehicle may also have a driver information system
that works along with the warning lights and gages. See
“Driver InformationSystem” in the Index.
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight secondsto remind people to
fasten their safety belts, unless the driver‘s safety belt is
already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 20 seconds,
then it will flash for about
55 seconds. If the driver’s
belt is already buckled,
neither the chime nor the
light will come on.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving, orwhen one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, checkthe section that tells you
what to do aboutit. Please follow thismanual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairscan be costly -- and even
2-59
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the airbag modules, the wiring
and the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more
information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag” in
the Index.
This lightwill come on
when you start your engine,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. Thismeans
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stays on after you start the
engine orcomes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
The airbag readiness light should flash for a few
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
2-60
Charging System Light
4
+I
The chargingsystem light
will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition, as
a check to show you it’s
working. Then it should
go out.
If it stays on, or comes on while you are driving, you
may have a problem with the charging system. It could
indicate that you have a loose drivebelt or another
electrical problem. Have it checked right away. Driving
while this light is on could drain your battery.
If you must drive ashort distance with the light on, be
certain to turn off all your accessories, such as the radio
and air conditioner.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working,the other part can
still work and stop you. For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, there is a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected rightaway.
BRAKE
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it
doesn’t come on then,
have it fixedso it will be
ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving,pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer to the floor.
It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, or if the
anti-lock brake system warning light is flashing, have
the vehicletowed for service. (See“Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” and “Towing Your Vehicle” in
the Index.)
Your brake system may not be working properly
if the brake system warning light is on. Driving
with the brake system warning light
on can lead
to an accident. If the light
is still on or if the
anti-lock brake system warning light is flashing
after you’ve pulled off the road and stopped
carefully, have the vehicle towed for service.
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
will also come on when you set your parking brake. The
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
2-61
Anti-Lock Brake SystemWarning Light
ANTI LOCK
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when you start your
engine and it will stay
on for three seconds.
That’s normal.
If the light flashes when you’re driving, you don’t have
anti-lock brakes and there could bea problem with your
regular brakes. Pull off the road and stop carefully. You
may notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal
may go closer to the floor. It may take longer to stop.
Have the vehicle towed for service. (See “Towing Your
Vehicle” in the Index.)
2-62
1CAUI
Your regular brake system may not be working
properly if the anti-lock brake system warning
light is flashing. Driving with the anti-lock
brake system warning light flashing can lead
to an accident. After you’ve pulled
off the road
and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed
for service.
If the anti-lock brake system warning light stays on
longer than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn
the ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on
when you’re driving, stopas soon as possible and turn
the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the
system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again
while you’re driving, yourvehicle needs service. If the
light ison but not flashingand the regular brake system
warning light isn’t on,you still have brakes, butyou
don’t have anti-lock brakes.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Anti-Lock BrakeSystem Active Light
LOW TRAC
When your anti-lock system
is adjusting brake pressure
to help avoid a braking skid,
the anti-lock brake system
active light will come on.
Slippery road conditions may exist if this light comes
on, so adjust your driving accordingly. The light will
stay on for a few seconds after the system stops
adjusting brake pressure.
The anti-lock brake system active light alsocomes on
briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’tcome on then, have it fixed so it will be
there to tell you when the system is active.
2-63
Traction Control System Warning Light
(3800 Supercharged Engine Only)
TRAC
OFF
The traction control system warning light may come on
for the following reasons:
If you turn the system off by pressing the traction
control button located on the black panel directly
behind your automatic transaxle shift lever, the
warning light will come on and stay on. To turn the
system back on, press the button again. The warning
light should go off. (See “Traction Control System”
in the Index for more information.)
2-64
If there’s a brake system problem that is specifically
related to traction control, the traction control system
will turn off and the warning light will come on. If
your brakes begin to overheat, the traction control
system will turn off and the warning light will come
on until your brakes cool down.
If the traction control system warning light comes on
and stays on for an extended period of time when the
system is turned on, your vehicle needs service.
Enhanced Traction System Warning Light
(If Equipped)
If the traction control system is affected by an
engine-related problem, the system will turn off and
the warning light will come on.
When this warning light is on, the system will not limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
TRAC
OFF
The Enhanced Traction System warning light may come
on for the following reasons:
0
0
If you turn the system off by pressing the traction
control button,the warning light will come on and
stay on. To turn the system back on, press the button
again. The warning light should go off. (See
“Enhanced Traction System” in theIndex for
more information.)
Traction Control System Active Light
LOW TRAC
When your traction control
system is limitingwheel
spin, this light will come on.
Slippery road conditions
may exist if the traction
control system active light
comes on, so adjust your
driving accordingly.
The light will stay on for afew seconds after the traction
control system stops limitingwheel spin.
If the Enhanced Traction System warning light
comes on and stays on for an extended period of
time when the system is turned on, your vehicle
needs service. Adjust your driving accordingly.
2-65
Enhanced Traction System Active Light
LOW TRAC
When your Enhanced
Traction System is limiting
wheel spin, this light will
come on.
Slippery road conditions may exist if the Enhanced
Traction System active lightcomes on, so adjust your
driving accordingly. The light will stay on for a few
seconds after the Enhanced Traction System stops
limiting wheel spin.
The Enhanced Traction System active light also comes
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixed so it will be
there to tell you when the system is active.
Low Traction Light
When your anti-lock system
is adjusting brake pressure
to help avoid a braking skid,
this light will come on. See
“Anti-Lock Brake System
Active Light” earlier in
this section.
If you have the Enhanced Traction Systemor the Traction
Control System, this light will also comeon when the
system is limiting wheel spin. You may feel or hear the
system working, but this is normal. Slippery road
conditions may exist if the low traction light comes
on, so
adjust your driving accordingly.The light will stayon for
a few seconds after the anti-lock system stops adjusting
brake pressure or the Enhanced Traction System stops
limiting wheel spin. See “Enhanced Traction System”or
“Traction Control System” in the Index.
The low traction light also comes on briefly when you
turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light doesn’t come
on then, have it fixed so it will be there to tell you when
the anti-lock brake system, Traction Control System or
Enhanced Traction System is active.
2-66
Engine Coolant Temperature Light
-
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
You have a gage that shows
the engine coolant
temperature. If the gage
pointer moves into the red
area, your engine is too hot!
This light tells you that your
engine coolanthas
overheated oryour radiator
cooling
fan
is not working.
TEMP
TEMP
The lightwill come onbriefly when your ignition is
turned on to show you that it is working.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions,you should pulloff the road, stop
your vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
The “Problems on the Road” section of this manual
shows what to do. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
That reading means the same thing as the warning light.
If you
It means that your engine coolant has overheated.
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
The “Problems on the Road” section of this manual
shows what to do. See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
2-67
Low Coolant Warning Light
LOW COOLANT
If this light comes on, your
system is low on coolant
and the engine may
overheat. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index and
have your vehicle serviced
as soon as you can.
The light will come on briefly when your ignition is
turned on to show you that it is working properly.
Low Tire Light (If Equipped)
LOW
TIRE
2-68
The tire pressure monitor
system can alert you to a
large change in the pressure
in one tire.
After the system has “learned” tire pressures with
properly inflated tires, the LOW TIRE light will come
on if the pressure in one tirebecomes 12 psi (83 kPa)
lower than the other three tires. The tirepressure
monitor system won’t alert you if the pressure in more
than one tire is low, if the system is not yet calibrated, or
if the vehicle is moving faster than 70 mph (110 k d h ) .
When the LOW TIRE light comes on, you should stop
as soon as you can and check all your tires for damage.
(If a tire is flat, see“If a Tire Goes Flat” in the Index.)
Also check the tire pressure in all four tires as soon as
you can. See “Inflation - Tire Pressure” in the Index.
The light will stay on until you turn off the ignition or
reset the system. See“Tire Pressure Monitor System” in
the Index.
The LOW TIRE light also comes on briefly when you
turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light doesn’t come
on then, have it fixed so it will be there to tell you if the
pressure in a tire is low or high.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
SERVICE
ENGINE fuel, ignition and emission
SOON
control systems.
This system is called OBDI1 (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intended to
assure that emissions are at acceptable levels the
forlife
of the vehicle, helping to
produce a cleaner
environment. The SERVICE ENGINE SOON light
comes on and a chime will sound to indicatethat there is
a problem and service is required. Malfunctions
often
will be indicated by the system before any problem is
apparent. Thismay prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle. This system is also designed to assist
your service technicianin correctly diagnosing
any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, after a while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may
not be as
good and your engine may not run
as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This light will also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualified service centerdiagnosis
and service may be required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosisand
service may be required.
2-69
If the LightIs Flashing
If the LightIs On Steady
The followingmay prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emission system
malfunction by considering the following:
0
Reducing vehicle speed.
Did you recently put fuel intoyour vehicle?
Avoidinghard accelerations.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure to fully install
the cap. The diagnostic system can determine if the fuel
cap has been left off or improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuel capwill allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. A few driving trips with the cap properly
installed should turn the light off.
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as itis possible.
If the light stops flashing and remains on steady, see “If
the Light Is On Steady” following.
If the lightcontinues to flash, when it is safe to doso,
stop the vehicle. Find a safe placeto park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the light remains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light is still flashing,
follow the previous steps, and drive the vehicle to your
dealer orqualified service center for service.
Did you just drivethrough a deep puddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be corrected when the electrical system
dries out. A few driving trips should turn the light off.
Have you recently cnanged brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuelyour vehicle with quality fuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stallingwhen you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engineis warmed up.)
This will be detectedby the system and cause the light
to turn on.
If you experience one ormore of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuelto turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the lightturn off,
have your dealer or qualified service center
check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper testequipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Qil Warning Light
If you have a problem with
your oil, this light may stay
on after you start your
engine, or come on when
you are driving.
This indicatesthat oil is not going through your engine
quickly enough to keep it lubricated. The engine could
be low on oil or couldhave some other oil problem.
Have it fixed right away.
The oil lightcould also come on in the following
situations:
0
The light will come on briefly when you turn on the
ignition to show you that it is working properly.
(If it doesn’t come on with the ignition on, you may
have a problem with the fuse or bulb. Have it fixed
right away.)
0
Sometimes when the engine is idling at a stop, the
light may blink on and off. This is normal.
2-71
Low Oil LevelLight
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressL-d
is low. If
you do, your engine can becomeso hot that it
catches fire.You or others couldbe burned.
Check your oil as soonas possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
I NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costly and
is not covered by
your warranty.
LOW
OIL
Your engine is equipped
with an oil level monitoring
system. When the ignition
key is turned on, the
LOW OIL light will come
on briefly.
If the light doesnot come on briefly, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
If the light stays on, stop the vehicle on a level surface
and turn the engine off. Check the oil level using the
engine oil dipstick. (See “Engine Oil” in the Index.) If
the light does not flash, have the low oil levelsensor
system repaired so it will be ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
The oil level monitoring system only checks oil level
during the brief period between key on and engine
crank. It does not monitor engine oil levelwhen the
engine isrunning. Additionally, an oil level check is
only performed if the engine has been turned off for a
considerable period of time, allowing the oil normally in
circulation to drain back into the oil pan.
2-72
Change Oil Soon Light
CHANGE OIL
SOON
Your CHANGE OIL SOON
light should come on as a
bulb check when you start
the engine.
If this light stayson for about 20 seconds after you turn
on the ignition, have the oil changed.
When to change your oil also depends on driving habits
and conditions because they directly affect engine speed,
coolant temperatureand vehicle speed.Because of this,
the CHANGE OILSOON light may come on as early as
2,000 miles (3,200 km)or less forharsh conditions.
Also see “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index for
further instructionson when to change your oil.
To reset the CHANGE OIL SOON light, see
“CHANGE
OIL SOON Light, How to Reset” in the Index. Also, see
“Oil Life Monitor” in the Index.
Security Light
SECURITY
This light will come on
when you turn the key to
START and stay on until the
vehicle starts.
It will also flash if your ignition key is toodirty or wet
for thePASS-Key I1 system to read the resistor pellet.
See “Pass-Key 11” in the Index.
If the resistor pellet is damaged or missing, the light will
come on.
If you’re ever drivingand the SECURITY light comes
on, you will be able to restart your engine if you turn it
off. Your PASS-Key I1 system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key I1 system.
2-73
Cruise Light
Service VehicleSoon Light
The CRUISE light comes
on whenever you set your
cruise control. See “Cruise
Control” in the Index.
CRUISE
Performance Shift Light(IfEquipped)
PERF
SHIFT
1
The PERF SHIFT light
comes on when you press
the performance shift button
to indicate that your vehicle
is in performance shifting
mode. See “Performance
Shifting” in the Index.
SERVICE VEHICLE
SOON
This light will come on if
you have certain
non-emission related
vehicle problems.
These problems may not be obvious and may affect
vehicle performance or durability. Consult a qualified
dealership for necessary repairs to maintain top vehicle
performance. The light will come on briefly when your
ignition is turned on to show that it isworking properly.
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light
LOW WASH
This light will come on
when your windshield
washers are working and the
fluid container is low.
The light will also come on briefly when your ignition is
turned on to show that it is working properly.
2-74
Door/Trunk Ajar Warning Light
DOOR/TRUNK
0
It takes a little more or less fuelto fill up than the
gage indicated.For example, the gage may have
indicated thetank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or lessthan half the tank’s capacity to
fill it.
0
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
This light will come on if
your trunk or any door is
not completely closed.
Low Fuel Light
Fuel Gage
1/2
Your fuel gage tells you
about how much fuel you
have left when the ignition
is on. When the indicator
nears EMPTY (E), you still
have a little fuel left,but
you should get more soon.
Here are some things owners ask about. All these
situations arenormal and do not show a problem with
your fuel gage:
0
Rl
JJ!
If your fuel is low, a circular
light on your instrument
anel cluster will come on
and stay on and
chime
a
will
UNLEADED sound periodically until you
\\
0
It will also comeon for a few seconds
when you first
turn on the ignition as a check to show you it’s working.
If it doesn’t come on then, have it fixed.
At the service station, thepump shuts off before the
gage reads FULL (F).
2-75
Driver Information Center (Option)
u "b!
PSI kPa
AVGnm
D
1
INST-MPG %
OIL
L/100 km
LIFERANGE SC BOOST
-
in nl
umb!
AVG
)'I(
INST-MPG %
OIL ),I
L/100 km
LIFERANGE
3.8L L36 Engine
3.8L L67 Supercharged Engine
2-76
Your Driver Information Center, (DIC) located below
the tachometer on the instrument panel cluster, gives
you important safety and maintenance facts. When you
turn the ignition on, the entire centerlights up for justa
few seconds.
The driver information center has three buttons that
control its functions.
Control Buttons
EM, RESET AND MODE: The EnglishMetric, reset
and mode buttons for the driver information center are
located to the left of the steering wheel, justbelow the
instrument panel cluster.
I
RESET
EM: Press this button to change the display from
English to metric units or metric to English.
RESET Press this button for one second to reset the
mode displayed
MODE: Press this button to change the mode
being displayed.
2-77
Modes
AVG ECON: Shows your average fuel economy since
you last reset this mode. Average fuel economy is
viewed as a long term approximation of your overall
driving and driving conditions.To learn the average fuel
economy from a new starting point, press the RESET
button while the average fueleconomy is displayed in
the DIC.
INSTANTANEOUS FUELECONOMY Shows your
current fueleconomy. Instantaneous fuel economy
varies with your driving conditions,such as
acceleration, braking and the grade of the road being
traveled. The instantaneous fuel economy display cannot
be reset, therefore the reset button has no effect while in
this mode.
2-78
OIL LIFE MONITOR:Shows an estimate of the oil’s
remaining useful life. When the oil lifeindex is less than
lo%, the CHANGE OIL SOON light will come on.
When you have the oil changed according to the
maintenance schedule (see “Maintenance Schedule” in
the Index), you will have to reset the oil life monitor. To
do this, press and hold the RESET button for more than
five seconds while the oil life monitor is being displayed
on the DIC. The oil life will change to 100%.
RANGE: Shows the approximate distance you can
drive without refueling. This is based on the amount of
fuel in the tank and on the fuel economy of the most
recent 25 miles (40 km). Pressing RESET while in this
mode will have no effect.
BOOST GAGE: If you have the supercharged engine,
this gage will show the amount of boost your engine is
receiving. Pressing RESET while in this mode will have
no effect.
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate the comfort control and audio systems offered with your vehicle. Be
sure to read about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-4
3-7
3-10
3-11
3- 12
3- 12
3-13
3-16
Comfort Controls
Manual Single Zone Climate Control
Dual ComforTemp Climate Control
(If Equipped)
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate Control
(If Equipped)
Ventilation System
Rear Window Defogger
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player and
Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
3-20
3-25
3-28
3-29
3-29
3-30
3-3 1
3-3 1
3-3 1
3-3 1
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Automatic Tone
Control (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature (If Equipped)
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Fixed Mast Antenna
Backglass Antenna (If Equipped)
3-1
~~~
Temperature Knob
Comfort Controls
Manual Single Zone Climate Control
The center knob changes the temperature of the air
coming through the system. Turn this knob toward red
(to the right) for warmer air. Turn it toward blue (to the
left) for cooler air.
Mode Knob
The right knob has several settings to control the
direction of airflow:
[ODI
MAX: This setting recirculates much of the air inside
COMFORT CONTROL
With this system, you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle. The system works best if
you keep your windows closed while using it.
your vehicle and sends it through the instrument panel
outlets. The air conditioning compressor will run
automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C). (Even when the
compressor is running, you can control the temperature.)
NORM: This setting brings in outside air and sends it
The left knob selects the amount of air you want. To turn
the fan off, turn the knob to OFF.
through the instrument panel outlets. The air
conditioning compressor will run automatically in this
setting unless the outside temperature is below 40°F
(4°C). (Even when the compressor is running, you can
control the temperature.)
If the airflow seems very low when the fan knob is
turned to the highest setting, regardless of the mode
setting, your passenger compartment air filter may need
to be replaced. See “Maintenance Schedule” the Index.
BI-LEV: This setting brings in outside air and directs it
two ways. Half of the air is directed through the
instrument panel outlets. Most of the remaining air is
directed through the floor ducts and a little to the defrost
Fan Knob
3-2
and side window vents. The air conditioningcompressor
will run automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C).
VENT This setting brings in outside air and directs it
through the instrumentpanel outlets.
HTR: This setting sendsmost of the air through the
ducts near the floor. The rest comes out of the defroster
and side window vents.
BLEND: This setting allowshalf of the air to go to the
floor ductsand half to the defrosterand side window
vents. The air conditioningcompressor will run
automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature isbelow 40°F (4°C).
FRONT This setting directs most of the air
through the defroster and side window vents. Some of
the air also goes to the floor ducts. The air conditioning
compressor will run automatically in this setting unless
the outside temperature is
below 40°F (4"C).
Air Conditioning
On very hot days,open the windows long enough to let
hot, inside airescape. This reduces the time for
the
vehicle tocool down.
For a quick cool-down on very hot days, use MAX with
the temperature knob all the way in the blue area.If this
setting is used for longperiods of time, the air in your
vehicle may become too dry.
For normal cooling on hot days, useNORM with the
temperature knob in the blue area. Thesystem will bring
in outside airand cool it.
On cool, but sunny days, the sunmay warm your upper
body, but your lower body may not be warm enough.
You can use BI-LEV and set thetemperature knob to a
comfortable setting. Thesystem will bring in outside air
and direct it to your upper body, while sending slightly
warmed air toyour lower body. You may notice this
temperature differencemore at some times than others.
3-3
Heating
On cold days, use HTR with the temperature knob all
the way in the red area. Thesystem will bring in outside
air, heat it and send it to the floor ducts.
Dual ComforTemp Climate Control
(If Equipped)
If your vehicle has an engine coolantheater, you can use
it to helpyour system provide warm air faster when it’s
cold outside(0°F (-18°C) or lower). An engine coolant
heater warms the coolant your engine and heating
system use to provide heat. See “Engine Coolant
Heater” in the Index.
Ventilation
For mild outside temperatures when little heating or
cooling is needed, use VENT to directoutside air
through your vehicle. Your vehicle also has the
flow-through ventilation system described later in
this section.
~ D o o o PASSENGER
o m n TEMP
o o o L r [ n ~
With this system, the driver and passenger can maintain
separate temperatures. The system works best if you
keep your windows closed while using it.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fan Control
Your system has two settings for clearingthe front and
side windows. To defrost the windows quickly, use
FRONT with the temperature knob all the way in the red
area. To warm passengers while keeping the windows
clear, use BLEND.
The left knob labeled FAN controls thefan speed selection.
3-4
If the airflow seems very low when the fan knob is
turned to the highest setting regardless of the mode
setting, your passenger compartment air filter may need
to be replaced. See “Maintenance Schedule” in
the Index.
Driver’s Temperature Knob
The centerknob sets the temperature forthe driver’s
outlets. Turn the knob toward red (to theright) for
warmer air. Turn it toward blue (to the left) for
cooler air.
Passenger’s Temperature Lever
The bottom lever adjuststhe air temperatureon the
passenger’s side independent of the temperatureset by
the driver. Slide the levertoward the right to raise the
temperature. Slidethe lever toward the left to lower
the temperature.
Mode Knob
The right knob has several settings to controlthe
direction of airflow. To access thevarious modes
available, turn the mode button to the desired mode.
MAX: This setting recirculatesmuch of the air inside
your vehicle and sends it through the instrument panel
outlets. The air conditioningcompressor will run
automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature isbelow 40°F (4°C).(Even when the
compressor is running, you can control the temperature.)
NORM: This setting brings in outside airand sends
it throughthe instrument panel outlets. Theair
conditioning compressor will run automatically in this
setting unless the outside temperatureis below 40°F
(4°C). (Even when the compressor is running, you can
control the temperature.)
BI-LEV: This setting brings in outside air and directs it
two ways. Half of the air is directed through the
instrument panel outlets. Most of the remaining air is
directed through the floor ductsand a little to the defrost
and side window vents. The air conditioning compressor
will run automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C).(Even when the
compressor is running,you can control thetemperature.)
VENT: This setting brings in outside air and directs it
through the instrument panel outlets.
HTR: This setting sends most of the air through the
ducts near the floor. The rest comes out of the defroster
and side window vents.
BLEND: This setting allows half of the air to goto the
floor ductsand half to the defrosterand side window
vents. The air conditioningcompressor will run
automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C).(Even when the
compressor is running,you can control the temperature.)
3-5
FRONT This settingdirects most of the air
through the defroster and side window vents. Some of
the air goes to the floor ducts and the side window vents.
The airconditioning compressor will run automatically
in this setting unless the outside temperature is below
40°F (4°C). (Even when the compressor is running, you
can control the temperature.)
Air Conditioning
On very hot days, open the windows long enough to let
hot, inside air escape. This reduces the time for the
vehicle to cool down.
Heating
On cold days, use HTR with the temperature knob and
lever all the way in the red area. The system will bring
in outside air, heat it and send it to the floor ducts.
If your vehicle has an engine coolantheater, you can use
it to help your system provide warm air faster when it’s
cold outside (0°F (-18°C) or lower).An engine coolant
heater warms the coolant your engine and heating
system use to provide heat. See “Engine Coolant
Heater’’ in the Index.
Ventilation
For a quick cool-down on very hot days, use MAX with
the temperature knobs all the way in the blue area. If
this setting is used for long periods of time, the air in
your vehicle may become too dry.
For mild outside temperatures when little heating
or
cooling is needed, useVENT to direct outside air through
your vehicle. Your vehicle also has the flow-through
ventilation system described laterin this section.
For normal cooling on hot days, use NORM with the
temperature knobs in the blue area.The system will
bring in outside airand cool it.
Defogging and Defrosting
On cool, but sunny days, the sun may warm your upper
body, but your lower body may not be warm enough.
You can use BI-LEV and set the temperature knob to a
comfortable setting. The system will bring in outside air
and direct it to your upper body, while sending slightly
warmed air to your lower body. You may notice this
temperature difference more at some times than others.
3-6
Your system has two settingsfor clearing the front and side
windows. To defrost the windows quickly, FRONT
use
with
the temperature knob all the way in the red area.
For maximum defroster performance, set both driver and
passenger temperature controlsto the warmest setting.
To warm passengers while keeping the windows clear,
use BLEND.
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate
Control (If Equipped)
Automatic Control
For the most efficient operation, you should set the
system temperature and press AUTO. The system will
select thebest fan speed and airflow settings to keep you
comfortable. Theair conditioning compressor will run if
the outside temperatureis above 40°F (4°C). You may
notice adelay of two to threeminutes before the fan
comes on at startup in cool weather.
Driver’s Temperature Control
With this system,you set atemperature. You can then
either let the system automatically control
aifflow
direction and force to maintain the temperature,or you
can manually adjust it. The system
works best if you
keep your windows closed while using it.
The TEMPswitch sets thetemperature for the entire
system when the lighton the DUAL button isn’t lit. If
the lightis lit, this control sets
the temperature for the
driver only. Press the up arrow to raise thetemperature
and press thedown arrow to lower the temperature. The
display will show your selection for afew seconds, then
the outside temperatwe will be displayed.
If you push
the AUTO button, thesystem will control the fan speed
and airflow.
3-7
Passenger’s Temperature Control
Manual Control
The PASSENGER CONTROL buttons with the arrows
adjust the temperatureon the passenger’s side so it is
warmer or coolerthan the temperature set by the driver.
Push the DUAL button so that the indicator light is lit.
Press the right arrow button to raisethe temperature.
Press the left arrow button to lower the temperature. The
display will not show the passenger’s temperature, only
that of the driver. Indicators in the passenger control
section will show passenger temperature relative to the
driver’s set temperature.
If you prefer to manually control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle, you can select airflow
direction, fan speed, outside or recirculated air and air
compressor operation with the following buttons:
0
The amber light indicates the same temperature as
set for the driver.
The red lights indicate a warmer temperature than
that of the driver.
0
AIR FLOW:This control has several settings to control
in AUTO.
the direction of airflow when the system is not
To access the various modes available, continue to press
the AIR FLOW rocker button up and down until the
desired mode appears in the display:
0
WINDSHIELDD’LOOR: This setting directs half
of the air to the floor ducts and half to thedefroster
and side window vents.
0
MIDD’LOOR: This setting directs half of the air
through the instrument panel outlets. Most of the
remaining air is directed through the floor ducts and
a little to the defroster and side window vents.
0
MID: This setting directs air through the instrument
panel outlets.
0
FLOOR: This setting sends most of the air through
the ducts near the floor. The rest comes out of the
defroster and side window vents.
The blue lights indicate a cooler temperature than
that of the driver.
3-8
9FRONT This setting brings in outside air and
Air Conditioning
directs most of the air through the defrostvent. Some of
the air also goes to the floor ductsand the side window
defogger outlets. The indicator onthe button will light
and WINDSHIELD will be lit in thedisplay. The air
conditioning compressor will run automatically in
this settingunless the outside temperature isbelow
40°F (4°C).
On very hot days, open the windows long enough to let
hot, inside air escape. Thisreduces the timefor the
vehicle to cool down.
VENT: This pushbutton turns the air conditioning
compressor on and off. The indicator lightswhen the
compressor is turned off. Recirculationis not permitted
when the compressor is off. The system will try to
control the temperature automatically, but without
the compressor.
Vent is not permitted in FRONT defrostmode. If the
vent button is pushed while in FRONT defrostmode,
the indicatorwill light for one second and then turn off.
RECIRC: This setting recirculatesmuch of the air
inside your vehicle. This setting is not permitted in
FRONT defrost modeand is only permitted in
WINDSHIELD/FLOOR mode if the compressor is
turned on. The indicator lightwill be lit when
recirculation is engaged, but will light forone second
and then turn off if selected when not permitted.
For a quick cool-down on very hot days, use MAX with
the temperatureknobs all theway in the blue area.If
this setting is used for longperiods of time, the airin
your vehicle may become too dry.
For normal cooling on hot days, useNORM with the
temperature knobs in the blue area. The system will
bring in outside airand cool it.
On cool, but sunny days, thesun may warm your upper
body, but your lower body may not be warm enough.
You can use BI-LEV and set the temperature knobto a
comfortable setting. Thesystem will bring in outside air
and direct it toyour upper body, while sending slightly
warmed air toyour lower body. You may notice this
temperature differencemore at some times than others.
3-9
Heating
On cold days, use HTR with the temperature knobs all
the way in the red area. Thesystem will bring in outside
air, heat it and send it to the floorducts.
Ventilation System
Adjust the direction
of airflow by moving
the vents.
If your vehicle has an engine coolant heater, you can use
it to help your system provide w m air fasterwhen it’s
cold outside(0°F (-18°C) or lower). An engine coolant
heater w m s the coolant your engine and heating
system use to provide heat. See
“Engine Coolant
Heater” in the Index.
Defogging and Defrosting
Your system has two settings forclearing the frontand
side windows. To defrost thewindows quickly, press the
FRONT button; set the temperature to 90 OF (32”C),
select high fan speed and turn the DUAL button off. To
warm passengers while keeping the windows clear, push
the AIR FLOW button until WINDSHIELDFLOOR
appears in the display. Select fanspeed for comfort and
windshield clearing performance.
3-10
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air intothe vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the air conditioning
fan is running.
If the airflow seems very low when the fan knob is
turned to the highest setting regardless of the mode
setting, your passenger compartment air filter may
need to be replaced. See “Maintenance Schedule’’
in the Index.
Ventilation Tips
0 Keep the hood and front air inlet freeof ice, snow or
any other obstruction,such as leaves. The heater and
defroster will work far better, reducing the chance of
fogging the inside of your windows.
0
0
When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, adjust the
mode knob or button to FLOOR and the fan tothe
highest speed for a few seconds before driving off.
This helps clearthe intake ducts of snow and
moisture and reduces the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
Keep the air path under the front seats clearof
objects. This helpsair to circulatethroughout
your vehicle.
Rear Window Defogger
@REARI 1
1
The rear window defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog fromthe rear window. Press the button to
turn the rear defogger on. It will turn itself off after
about 10 minutes. The picture above on the left refers to
the defoggerbutton that is found on a Manual Single
Zone Climate Control System orDual ComforTemp
Climate Control System; the button on the right is found
on the Dual Automatic ComforTemp System.
If you turn it on again, the rear defogger will only run
for about fiveminutes before turning off. You can also
turn it off by pressing thebutton again.
3-11
I NOTICE:
Do not attach anything like a temporary vehicle
license or decal across the defogger grid.
I NOTICE:
Don’t use a razor blade or anything else sharp on
the inside of the rear window.
If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be coveredby your warranty.
3-12
Audio Systems
Your Delco Electronics audio system has been designed
to operateeasily and give years of listening pleasure.
You will get the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint
yourself with it first.Find out what your Delco
Electronics system can do and how to operate all its
controls, to be sure you’re getting themost out of the
advanced engineering that went into it.
Setting the Clock
Press and hold HRS until the correct hour appears. Press
and hold MIN until the correct minute appears.
You may set theclock with the ignition off if you
press RECALL first and follow the sameprocedure
described above.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the
station being played or to displaythe clock. To change
what is normally shown on the display (station or time),
press the knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob until the display flashes. If you press the
knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to switch between AM,
FMl and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right or left arrow to go to thenext
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: This knob turns the system on and off and
controls the volume. To increase volume and turn the
radio on, turn the knob to the right.Turn it to the left to
decrease volume.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for afew seconds. The radiowill go to
a station, stop for afew seconds, then go on to the next
station. Pressone of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. Thesound will mute while scanning.
3-13
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FMl and six FM2). Just:
Setting theTone
1. Turn the radio on.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasetreble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you maywant to decreasethe treble.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radiowill go to
the first preset station, stop fora few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. Theradio will not stop at a preset if the station
is weak.
3-14
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move
the sound to the left or right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move
the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
E l l : The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
Playing a Cassette Tape
0
The longer sidewith the tape visible should face tothe
right. If the ignition and the radio are on,the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound,the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECTto remove the tape and start over.
If any error occursrepeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it to
your dealer when reporting the problem.
While the tape is playing, usethe VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls just as you do for the
radio. Other controls may have different functionswhen
a tape is inserted. Thedisplay will show an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
If you want to insert atape when the ignition or radiois
off, first press EJECT or RECALL. Note that the
cassette tape adapter kits for portablecompact disc
players will work in your cassette tape player.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
0
ElO: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the
open end down andtry to turn the right hub to the left
with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat.If the
hubs do not turn easily, your tape may be damaged and
should not be used inthe player. Try a new tape to
make sure your player is working properly.
PREV (1): Press this button to search for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK left and right arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radiowill
play while the tape reverses.
bb (4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to
return to playing speed. The radiowill play while the
tape advances.
SIDE ( 5 ) : Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape Player
and Automatic Tone Control(If Equipped)
00 (6):Press this button to reduce background noise.
The display will show either OFF or ON for a few
seconds when you press the button.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned.It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for five seconds to
reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
3-16
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob to the right. Turn
it to the left to decrease the volume.
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or to display the clock. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
this button until you see the display you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes. If you press the
button when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM 1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
Finding a Station
4. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM, FMl
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
5 . Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose
radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press one of the SEEK buttons again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop for a few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
3-17
AUTO SET Press this button and the system will seek
and set the 12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons (depending on which
band (AM or FM) you are listening to). AUTO SET will
flash while seeking and will remain on until this
function is complete. To return to the stations you
manually set, press AUTO SET again.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasebass.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends.Turn the
knob to increase or decreasetreble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you maywant to decreasethe treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TONE: This featureallows you to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock, jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, anothersetting will
appear on the display. Press it again after C & W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also, if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
3-18
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob
to move the sound to the leftor right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
FADE: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to move the soundto the front or rear speakers. The
middle position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on, the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls just asyou do for the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is
off, first press EJECT or RECALL. Note that the
cassette tape adapterkits for portable compact disc
players will work in your cassette tape player.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection forNEXT to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
The SEEK up and down arrows will also findthe
previous and next selections on the tape.
If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
0
E10: The tape is tight and the player can’t turnthe
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the
open end down and try toturn the right hub tothe left
with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat.If the
hubs do not turn easily, your tape may be damaged and
should not be used in the player. Trya new tape to
make sure your player is working properly.
E l l : The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occursrepeatedly or if an error can’tbe
corrected, please contactyour dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it to
your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to search for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. Theradio will
play while the tape reverses.
bb (4): Press this button to advance quickly to another
part of the tape. Press the button again to return to
playing speed. The radio will play while the tape
advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
00 (6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
The double-D symbol will appear on the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
3-19
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape
function when the radio is on.TAPE PLAY with an
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape and
Compact Disc Player with Automatic Tone
Control (If Equipped)
arrow will appear on the display when the tape is active.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it assoon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for fiveseconds to
reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob to the right. Turn
it to the left to decrease volume.
3-20
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or to display the
clock. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
the RECALL button untilyou see thedisplay you want,
then hold the RECALL button until display
the
flashes.
If you press the buttonwhen the ignition isoff, the clock
will show for afew seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return toyour favorite stations.You can setup to
18 stations (six AM, six F M l and six FM2). Just:
Finding a Station
4. Press TONE to select the settingyou prefer.
AM-FM: Press this button toswitch between AM, FM1
and FM2. The display shows your selection.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the
button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will beautomatically selected for thatbutton.
TUNE: Press theup or down arrow to choose
radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down
arrow to go to the next
higher or lower stationand stay there. Thesound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press oneof the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for few
a seconds. The radiowill go to
a station, stop for few
a seconds, then go on to thenext
station. Press oneof the SEEK arrowsagain to stop
scanning. Thesound will mute while scanning.
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this buttonto listen to eachof your
preset stations for few
a seconds. The radiowill go to
the firstpreset station, stop for a few seconds, then go
on to thenext preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio willnot stop at thepreset station.
3-21
AUTO SET Press this button and the system will seek
and set the 12 strongest FWI or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons. AUTO SET will flash
while seeking and will remain on until this function is
complete. To return to the stations you manually set,
press AUTO SET again.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the knob
to move the sound to the leftor right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound betweenthe speakers.
Setting theTone
FADE: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to thefront or rear speakers. The
middle position balances the sound between the speakers.
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasebass.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends,Turn the
knob to increase or decreasetreble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease thetreble.
Playing a CassetteTape
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TONE: This featureallows you to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock, jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. Press it again after C & W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also, if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
3-22
The longer sidewith the tape visible should face tothe
right. If the ignition and the radio are on,the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls justas you do forthe
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is
off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
ElO: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with the
open end down and tryto turn the right hub to the left
with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat.If the
hubs do not turn easily, your tape maybe damaged and
should not be used in the player.Try a new tape to
make sure your playeris working properly.
E l l : The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occursrepeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it to
your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1):Press this button to search for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radiowill
play while the tape reverses.
bb (4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to
return to playing speed. The radio will play while the
tape advances.
SIDE ( 5 ) : Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
RAND (6): Press this button to reduce background
noise. The double-D symbol will appear in the display.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape or
disc function when the radio is on. If both a tape and a
disc are installed, thesystem will first go to tape play;
TAPE SIDE and an arrow will appear on the display. If
SOURCE is pressed again, the system will go to disc
play; CD PLAY will appear on the display.
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
previous and next selectionson the tape.
3-23
EJECT: The system has two EJECT buttons. Press the
button near the CD slot to remove a disc. Pressthe
button near the tape slot to remove a tape and the radio
will play.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for fiveseconds to
reset the CLN indicator. The radiowill display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes encoded with Dolby NR.
You may turn Dolby off by pressing the number
six preset.
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a disc halfway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. The discshould begin playing.
If you want to insert aCD while the ignition or the radio
is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play and an error code may appear on
the display. When things get back to normal, the disc
should play. If the disc comes out, it could be that:
E20: The disc is upside down.
E20: It is dirty, scratched or wet.
0
E20: There’s too much moisture in the air. (Wait
about an hour and try again.)
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it to
your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to go to the start of the
current track, if more than eight seconds have played. If
you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc. The
sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track. If
you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the disc.
3-24
..
44 (3): Press and hold this button to quickly reverse
within a track. You will hear sound.
(4): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
within a track. You will hear sound.
RAND (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press RAND
again to turn off random play.
RECALL: Press this button to see
which track is
playing. Press itagain within five seconds to see how
long it hasbeen playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time), press the
RECALL button until you see the display you want,
then hold the RECALL button until the display flashes.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the disc
function when the radio is on. When a disc
is inserted,
the disc will play until you press AM-FM. Then the
disc will stop playingand the radio will play. Press
SOURCE again toplay a disc again.CD PLAY will
show on the display.
EJECT Press this button to remove the disc. The radio
will play.
If you turn off the ignition or radiowith a disc inthe
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source.
Also, as aprotection feature, if a CD is ejectedand left
in the player, it will be pulled back in the player with the
ignition on or off.
Theft-Deterrent Feature (IfEquipped)
THEFTLOCK@ isdesigned to discourage theft of your
radio. It works by using a secretcode to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power is removed.
If THEFTLOCK is active, theTHEFTLOCK indicator
will flash when the ignitionis off.
The THEFTLOCK feature forthe radio may be used or
ignored. If ignored, the system playsnormally and the
radio is not protected by the feature.If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.
When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
LOC to indicate alocked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your battery loses power for any
reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
3-25
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
5. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
The instructions which follow explain how to enter your
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is
recommended that you read through all nine steps
before starting the procedure.
6. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you must start the procedure over at Step 4.
1. Write down any three or four-digit number from
000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe placeseparate from
the vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
3. Turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until --- shows on the display. Next you will use the
secret code number which you have written down.
3-26
7. Press HRS to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
8. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show REP to let you know that you
need to repeat Steps 5 through 7 to confirm your
secret code.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
SEC to let you know that your radio is secure.
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a
Power Loss
Enter your secret code as follows;pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. LOC appears when the ignition is on.
2. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
3. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Enter your secret codeas follows; pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
2. Turn the radiooff.
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until SEC shows on the display.
4. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
4. Press HRS to make the first one ortwo digits agree
with your code.
5. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
5. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret codeyou have written down.
The display will show SEC, indicatingthe radio is
now operable and secure.
6. Press HRS to make the first one ortwo digits agree
with your code.
If you enter thewrong code eight times, INOPwill
appear on the display. You will have to wait an hour
with the ignition on before you can try again. When
you try again, you will only have three more chances
(eight tries per chance) to enter the colrect
code before
INOP appears.
If you lose or forgetyour code, contactyour dealer.
with your code.
7. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show ---,indicating that the radio is
no longer secured.
If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
code is entered.
When battery power is removed and later applied to a
secured radio, the radio won’t turn on and LOC will
appear on the display.
3-27
To unlock a secured radio see“Unlocking the
Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss” earlier in
this section.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
(If Equipped)
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio functionsusing the buttons on your steering wheel.
SEEK: Press the up or
down arrow to tune to
the next or previous
radio station.
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, the player
will advance to the next or previous selection.
SCAN: Press the SCAN button and SCAN will appear
on the display. SCAN works as the PSCAN button on
your radio. It will scan through each of the preset radio
stations. If a preset radio station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the presetstation. Press SCAN
again to stopscanning.
AM-FM: Press this button to choose AM, FM1 or FM2.
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, press this
button to stop itand the radio will play.
SRCE: Press this button to
change to the cassette tape,
compact disc function or
return to playing the radio.
MUTE: Press this button to silence the audio system.
Press it again to turn on the sound.
VOL: Press the up or down arrow to increase or
decrease volume.
3-28
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
The range formost AM stations is greater than for FM,
especially atnight. The longer range,however, can
cause stations to interferewith each other. AM can pick
up noise fromthings like stormsand power lines. Try
reducing thetreble to reduce this noise if you ever getit.
FM Stereo
FM stereo will give you the best sound, butFM signals
will reach only about10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km).Tall
buildings orhills can interfere with FM signals, causing
the sound to come and go.
Tips About Your Audio System
Hearing damage from loud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late. Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound that seems normal can be loud
and harmful to your hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting thevolume control on your radio to a safe
sound level beforeyour hearing adapts toit.
To help avoid hearing loss
or damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipment to
your
vehicle like a tape player,CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can add
what you want. If you can, it’s veryimportant to
do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s
engine, Delco Electronicsradio or other systems,
and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operationof sound equipment
that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobileradio andtelephone units.
--
--
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or adamaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failure of the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate
that you have used your tape player for 50 hours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If this message appears on
the display, your cassette tape player needs to be
cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as
soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes and
player. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, try a
known good cassette to see if it is the tape or the tape
player at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement
in sound quality, clean the tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbing action,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership (GM Part No. 12344789).
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to eject because
your unit is equipped with a cuttape detection feature
and a cleaning cassette may appear as a broken tape. If
the cleaning cassette ejects, insert the cassette at least
three times to ensure thorough cleaning.
You may also choose a non-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassette with a fabric belt to clean
the tape head. This type of cleaning cassette will not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleaner may
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing type cleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicator was reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time. Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition before you have your tape
player serviced.
Care of Your Compact Discs
Fixed Mast Antenna
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or other protective casesand away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surface of a discis soiled, dampen a
clean, softcloth in a mild, neutral detergentsolution and
clean it, wiping from the center tothe edge.
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without being damaged. If the mast should ever become
slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Be sure never to touch the signal surface when handling
the
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges or
edge of the hole and the outeredge.
Check every once in a while to be sure themast is still
tightened to the fender.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discsis not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Backglass Antenna(If Equipped)
Your AM-FM antenna is integrated with your rear
window defogger, located in the rear window. Be sure
that the inside surface of the rear window is not
scratched and that the lines on the glass are not
damaged. If the inside surface is damaged, it could
interfere with radio reception.
3-31
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the insideof the rear window witha razor blade
or anything else thatis sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
~
Because this antenna is built intoyour rear window,
there is areduced risk of damage caused by car washes
and vandals.
3-32
If you choose to add a cellular telephone to your vehicle,
and the antenna needs to be attached to the glass, be sure
that you do not damage the grid lines forthe AM-FM
antenna. There is enough space between the lines to
attach a cellular telephone antenna without interfering
with radio reception.
On cars equipped with the rear window defogger and
built-in antenna, the defogger grid serves as a radio
antenna. If you have this featureon your car, do not
apply aftermarket glass tinting to the back glass. The
metallic film in some tinting materials will interfere
with or distort the incoming radio reception. Care must
be taken when cleaning the rear window because breaks
in the resistive material heating element will adversely
affect radio performance and defogger performance. See
your dealer fordetails.
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about drivingon different kindsof roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tipson driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4- 12
4- 14
4- 15
4- 16
4-17
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving at Night
4- 19
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-25
4-25
4-27
4-3 1
4-33
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, rural roads or freeways,it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers aregoing to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Beready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
.
.”
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give about driving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving
task -- such as concentrating on a cellular telephone call,
reading, or reaching for something on the floor -- makes
proper defensive driving more difficult and can even
cause a collision,with resulting injury. Ask a passenger
to help do things like this, or pull off the road in a safe
place to dothem yourself. These simple defensive
driving techniques could save your life.
Death and injury associatedwith drinking and driving is
a nationaltragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousandsof victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve thishighway safety problem
is forpeople never to drink alcoholand then drive. But
what if people do?How much is “toomuch” if the
driver plans to drive? It’s a lot lessthan many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is somegeneral information on the problem.
Alcohol affects fourthings that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Drunken Driving
0
Judgment
0
Muscular Coordination
0
The drinker’s body weight
0
Vision
0
0
Attentiveness.
The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
0
The length of time it hastaken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
Police records show that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. Inmost cases,
these deaths are theresult of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, over 17,000 annualmotor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates,nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol, so
they never drive after drinking. Forpersons under 21,
it’s against thelaw in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychologicaland
developmental reasons for these laws.
The amount of alcohol consumed
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. The person would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce(120 ml) glasses
of wine or threemixed drinks if each had 1- 1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor likewhiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
I
I.
1
Since alcohol is carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
The law in many U.S. states sets the legal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is 0.08 percent. In some
other countries, it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0. I O percent after three to six
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the same person drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just before or during drinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects are worse at night. All
drivers are impaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for drivers who have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or her chance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater; at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes aboutan hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink.No amount of coffee ornumber of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful” isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts intothe street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enough to avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinkingand driving that
many people don’tknow. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the brain,
spinal cord or
heart. This means that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higher than if the person had not been drinking.
Drinking and then driving
is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affectedby even a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious or even
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink and drive or ride with
a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab;
if or
will
you’re with a group, designate a driver who
not drink.
--
--
4-5
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it to go. They are the brakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perception time and
reaction time.
First, you have to decideto push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it. That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 3/4 of a second. But
that’s only an average. It might be lesswith one driver
and as long as two or threeseconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, a vehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; the condition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
Sometimes, as when you’re driving onsnow or ice, it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle.
4-6
Avoid needless heavy braking. Somepeople drive in
spurts -- heavy acceleration followedby heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pacewith traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time tocool between
hard stops. Your brakes willwear out much faster if you
do a lotof heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances,you will
eliminate a lotof unnecessary braking. Thatmeans
better braking and longer brake life.
If your engine everstops while you’re driving, brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harder topush down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some
power brake assist.But
you will use it when you brake. Once thepower assist is
used up, it may take longerto stop and the brake pedal
will be harder to
push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes (ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic braking system thatwill help
prevent a braking skid.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will checkitself. You
may hear a momentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you mayeven notice that your
brake pedalmoves or pulses alittle. This is normal.
ANTI LOCK
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light willstay on or
flash. See “Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could.The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling, the
computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls bralung pressure accordingly.
4-8
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t change the time you need
to getyour foot up to thebrake pedal or always decrease
stopping distance. If you get too close tothe vehicle in
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehiclesuddenly slows or stops.Always leave
enough room upahead to stop, even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Justhold the brake pedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you. You may feel a
slight brakepedal pulsation or noticesome noise, but
this is normal.
When your anti-lock system
is adjusting brake pressure
to help avoid a braking skid,
this light will come on. See
“Anti-Lock Brake System
Active Light” in the Index.
Traction Control System
(With 3800 Supercharged Engine)
Your vehicle has a traction control system that limits wheel
spin. This is especially useful in slippery road conditions.
The system operates onlyif it senses thatone or both of
the front wheelsare spinning or beginning to lose traction.
When this happens, the system works the front brakes and
reduces engine power to limit wheel spin.
LOW TRAC
This light will come on
when your traction control
system is limiting wheel
spin. See “Traction Control
System Active Light” in
the Index.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
If your vehicle is in cruise control when the traction
control system begins to limit wheel spin, the cruise
control will automatically disengage. When road
conditions allow you to safely use it again, you may
reengage the cruise control. (See“Cruise Control’’
in the Index.)
4-9
1
TRAC
OFF
This lightshould come on
briefly when you start the
engine. If it stays on or
comes on while you are
driving, there’s a problem
with your traction
control system.
To turn the system off,
press the TRACTION
button on the black panel
located directly behind
your automatic transaxle
shift lever.
See “Traction Control System Warning Light” in the
Index. When this warning light is on, the system will not
limit wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
The traction control system automatically comes on
whenever you start your vehicle. To limit wheel spin,
especially in slippery road conditions, you should
always leave the system on. But you can turn the
traction control system off if you ever need to. (You
should turn the system off if your vehicle ever getsstuck
in sand, mud, ice or snow. See “Rocking Your Vehicle’’
in the Index.)
4-10
The traction control system warning light will come on
and stay on. If the system is limiting wheel spin when
you press the button, the warning light will come on -but the system won’t turn off right away. It will wait
until there’s no longer a currentneed to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The traction control system warning
light should go off.
Enhanced Traction System (Option: Not
Available with 3800 Supercharged Engine)
Your vehicle may have an Enhanced Traction System
(ETS) that limits wheel spin. This is especially useful in
slippery road conditions. Thesystem operates only if it
senses that one or both of the front wheels are spinning
or beginning to lose traction. When this happens, the
system reduces enginepower and may also upshift the
transaxle to limit wheel spin.
This light will come on
when your Enhanced
Traction System is limiting
wheel spin. See “Enhanced
Traction System Active
Light” in the Index.
You may feel or hear the system working, but this
is normal.
TRAC
OFF
When the system is on, this
warning light will come on
to let you know if there’s
a problem.
See “Enhanced Traction System Warning Light” in
the Index.
When this warning light is on, the system will not limit
wheel spin. Adjust your driving accordingly.
To limit wheel spin, especiallyin slippery road
conditions, you should always leave the Enhanced
Traction System on. But you can turn the system off if
you ever need to. (You should turn the system off if your
vehicle ever gets stuckin sand, mud, ice or snow. See
“Rocking Your Vehicle” in the Index.)
The Enhanced Traction System operatesin all transaxle
shift lever positions.But the system can upshift the
transaxle only ashigh as the shift leverposition you’ve
chosen, so you should use the lower gears onlywhen
necessary. See “Automatic Transaxle” in the Index.
4-11
To turn the system on or
off, press the TRACTION
button on the black panel
located directly behind
your automatic transaxle
shift lever.
Steering
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops or the system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Magnetic Variable Effort Steering
TM
When you turn the system off, the Enhanced Traction
System warning light will come on and stay on. If the
Enhanced Traction System is limiting wheel spin when
you press the button to turn the system off, the warning
light will come on -- but the system won’t turn off right
away. It will wait until there’s no longer a current need
to limit wheel spin.
You can turn the system back on at any time by pressing
the button again. The Enhanced Traction System
warning light should go off.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can help you more
than even the very best braking.
4-12
This steering system provides lighter steering effort for
parking and when driving at low speeds. Steering effort
will increase at higher speeds for improved road feel.
Steering Tips
Driving onCurves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control’’ accidents mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver orbeginner, each of us is subject to
the same laws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steer avehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can get in a curve dependson the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curve is banked, and your speed.While you’re
in a curve, speed is theone factor you can control.
Suppose you’re steering througha sharp curve. Then you
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems-- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places.You can lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer the vehicle theway you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, theposted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditionsyou’ll want to go slower.
Steering in Emergencies
There are timeswhen steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come over a hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out fromnowhere, or a child darts out frombetween
parked cars and stops rightin front of you. You can
avoid theseproblems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasiveaction -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It is better to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to theleft or
right depending on the space available.
If you need to reduceyour speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjustyour speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed.Wait to
accelerate until you are outof the curve,and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
4-13
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have dropped
off the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions, you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steerquickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The factthat such emergency situations are always
possible is a good reason to practicedefensive driving at
all times and wear safety belts properly.
4-14
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Easeoff the
accelerator and then, if there is nothing in the way, steer so
that your vehicle straddles the edge of the pavement. You
can turn the steering wheel up to one-quarter turn until the
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Then
turn your
steering wheel togo straight down the roadway.
Do not get too close to the vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, followingtoo closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you’re following alarger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if the
vehicle ahead suddenly slows or stops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
Passing
The driverof a vehicle about to pass another
on a
two-lane highway waits for just theright moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing anothervehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane as oncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or abrief surrender to frustration or anger
can
suddenly put the passing driver face to face
with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
malung a successful pass, wait fora better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicatea
turn or an intersection, delay your pass.A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right
to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross
a solid
line on your side of the lane or adouble solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
0
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up,
start to acceleratebut stay in the right lane and don’t
get too close. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for anotheropportunity.
If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
4-15
0
0
Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lanechange signal before moving out
of the right lane to pass. When you are far enough
ahead of the passed vehicle to seeits front in your
inside mirror, activate your right lane change signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
your right outside mirror is convex. Thevehicle you
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not topass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passing the
next vehicle.
0
0
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brakelamps are not flashing, it may
be slowing down or starting to turn.
If you’re being passed, make it easy for the
following driver to get
ahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving expertssay about what
happens when the three control systems(brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driverhas asked.
4-16
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep tryingto steer and
constantly seek an escape route or area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver canlose control of the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skids by taking reasonable
care suited to existing conditions, and bynot “overdriving”
those conditions. But skidsare always possible.
The three types of skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling. In the steering or cornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causestires to slip and
lose cornering force. And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or other material ison the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving to these
conditions. Itis important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distancewill be longer and
vehicle controlmore limited.
Driving at Night
While drivingon a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including enginebraking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could cause thetires to slide.
You may not realize the surface is slippery until your
vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Night driving is more dangerousthan day driving. One
reason is that some dlivers are likely to be impaired -- by
alcohol or dugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
4-17
Here are some tips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare fromheadlamps behind you.
0
Since you can’t see as well, you may need to slow
down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
e Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up onlyso much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watch for animals.
0
If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safeplace
and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime.But as
we get older thesedifferences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twiceas much light to seethe
same thing at night asa 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night.But if you’re
4-18
driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, or even several
seconds, for your eyes toreadjust to the dark. When you
are faced with severe glare (as from a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehiclewith
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little.Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glareat night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the insideof the glass
can build up a filmcaused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzle and flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contractrepeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far lessof a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve.Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier topick out dimly
lighted objects. Just as your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some driverssuffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
Driving in Rain and onWet Roads
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble.On a wet
road, you can’t stop, accelerate orturn as well because
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’llget
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fall while you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for drivingon dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see.Even if your
windshield wiper blades are ingood shape, a heavy rain
can make it harder to see road signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
I-
B
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking ormissing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
4-19
A CAUTION:
-
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won't work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pullingto
one side.You could lose controlof the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water or
a car wash, applyyour brake pedal lightlyuntil
your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can't, try to slow down before you hit them.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires thatthey can actually rideon the water.
This canhappen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much treadif or
the pressure in one or
more is low. It canhappen if a lotof water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higherspeeds. There
just isn’t ahard and fast rule about hydroplaning. The
best advice is toslow down when it is raining.
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that
is slightly
lower than the underbody of your vehicle. If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially carefulwhen you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
4-21
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
0
Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip intoan
unknown part of the city just asyou would for a
cross-country trip.
0
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
0
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other driversare doing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
4-22
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic
light is there because the corner isbusy enough to
need it. When a light turns green, and just before you
start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance overyour shoulder as often as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit or to the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unlessyou want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just beforeyou leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’tanother vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also called thruways,parkways,
expressways, turnpikes orsuperhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important adviceon freeway driving is: Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right. Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving.Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks asmooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane ona freeway as a passinglane.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance.Expect to move
slightly slower atnight.
When you want to leave the freeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stopand back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exitramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
4-23
The exitspeed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
Reduce your speed according to your speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving for any distance
at higher speeds, you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
0
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
0
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, OtherFluids: Have you checked
all levels?
0
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important toa safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving? Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
0
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Make sure you’reready. Try to be well rested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as aftera day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothingand shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip?If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out. Of course,
you’ll find experienced and able service expertsin
Buick dealerships all across North America. They’ll be
ready and willing to help if you need it.
4-24
Highway Hypnosis
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”?
it
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call
highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the droneof the engine,and the rushof the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does,your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crashand
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it can happen.
Then here are some tips:
a Make sure your vehicle is well ventilated,with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat orrolling terrain.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking areaand take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on thehighway as
an emergency.
4-25
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
0
U
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, cooling system
and transaxle. These parts can work hard on
mountain roads.
Coasting downhill in NEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get so
hot that they wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor braking or even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and your vehicle in gear when you go downhill.
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing to know is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift toa lower gear when you go
down a steep or longhill.
0
Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
0
As you go over the topof a hill, be alert. There couldbe
something in your lane, likea stalled car oran accident.
0
You may see highway signson mountains that warn of
special problems. Examplesare long grades, passingor
no-passing zones, a falling rocks areaor winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
7If you don’t shift down, your brakes could
get so hot that they wouldn’t work
well. You
would then have poor braking even
or none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift downto let
your engine assist your brakes on a steep
downhill slope.
4-26
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
0
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom,' a supply
of windshield washer fluid, arag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, ared cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions,include a small bag
of sand, apiece of old carpet or a coupleof burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
4-27
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or icebetween your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
4-28
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or icecan be slick and hard to drive on. But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32°F; 0”C) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid driving on wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition -- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently.
Try not to break the fragile traction. If you accelerate
too fast, thedrive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system,you’ll
want to begin stopping soonerthan you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock” in the Index.
0
Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
0
Watch for slippery spots. Theroad might be fine
until you hit a spotthat’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, icepatches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings orunder bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve oran overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads areclear. If
you see a patchof ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actuallyon
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If You’re Caught ina Blizzard
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could bein a
serious situation.You should probably stay with your
vehicle unlessyou know for surethat you are near help
and you can hike throughthe snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
0
Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-29
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
Put on extra clothing orwrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing,make body
insulators from newspapers, burlap bags, rags, floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing tokeep warm.
You can run the engine to keep warm, but be careful.
4-30
Snow can trap exhaustgases under yourvehicle.
This can cause deadlyCO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside. CO could overcome you and kill
you. You can’t see it or smellit, so you might not
know it is in your
vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the baseof your vehicle, especially any
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
of the
Open a window just a little on the side
vehicle that’s away from thewind. This will help
keep CO out.
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. Thatis, push the acceleratorslightly. This
uses less fuel for theheat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling lateron
with your headlamps. Let the heaterrun for a while.
Loading Your Vehicle
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engineagain
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it as littleas possible. Preservethe
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly calry. The Tire-Loading Information label
is inside the trunk lid. The labeltells you the proper size,
speed rating and recommended inflation pressures for
the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you important
information about the number of people that can be in
your vehicle and the total weight you can carry. This
weight is called the vehicle capacity weight and includes
the weight of all occupants, cargoand all
nonfactory-installed options.
4-31
/
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
u 11
Do not load yourvehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on yourvehicle can
break, orit can change theway your vehicle
handles. These could cause
you to lose control.
Also, overloading can shorten the
life of
your vehicle.
The other label is the Certification label,found on the
rear edge of the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called the Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR for your vehicle orthe Gross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for either the front or
rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, spread it out.Don’t carry
more than 167 pounds (75 kg) in your trunk.
4-32
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because
of overloading.
~~
If you put things inside your vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else -- they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop orturn quickly, or
if there is a crash,they’ll keep going.
Towing a Trailer
Things you put inside your vehicle can strike
and injurepeople in asudden stop or turn, orin
a crash.
Put things in the trunk of your vehicle. In a
trunk, putthem as farforward as you can.
Try to spread the weight evenly.
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside the vehicle so that some of them are
above the tops of the seats.
Don’t leave an unsecured child restraint in
your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secureit whenever you can.
Don’t leave a seat folded down unlessyou
need to.
I
If you don’t usethe correct equipment and drive
properly, you can lose control when you pull
a
trailer. For example, if the traileris too heavy, the
brakes may not workwell or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously
injured.
You may also damage your vehicle;
the resulting
repairs would not be covered by yourwarranty.
Pull atrailer only if you have followed allthe
steps in this section.
Ask your dealer for advice
and information about towing atrailer with
your vehicle.
--
Do not tow a trailer if your vehicle is equipped with the
3800 L67 Supercharged engine.
4-33
Your vehicle can tow a trailer if it isequipped with the
proper trailer towing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacity is for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears later in this section. But trailering is
different than just drivingyour vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safetrailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for this part. In it are many
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important for your safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this section carefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced towork harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engineis
required to operate at relatively higher speedsand under
greater loads,generating extra heat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
4-34
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
0
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state or provincial police.
0
Consider using a sway control. You can ask ahitch
dealer about sway controls.
0
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or otherparts could be damaged.
0
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t driveover 50 mph (80 k d h ) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
0
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive faster than the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 kmh)) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
Three important considerationshave to do with weight:
the weight of the trailer,
the weight of the trailer tongue
and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs.(450 kg). But
even that can be too heavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle isused to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer forour trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
4-35
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects the total or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includes the curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the peoplewho will be
riding in the vehicle. And if youtow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load to the GVW because your vehicle
will be carrying that weight, too. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, thetrailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to getthem right
simply by moving some items around in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’sTires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated tothe upper
limit for coldtires. You’ll find thesenumbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label (found inside the trunk
lid) or see“Loading Your Vehicle” in the Index. Then be
sure you don’t go over the GVW limit foryour vehicle,
including the weight of the trailer tongue.
A
4-36
B
Hitches
Safety Chains
It’s important tohave the correct hitch equipment.
Crosswinds, largetrucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
You should always attach chainsbetween your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chainsmay be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave justenough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to dragon the ground.
0
The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
0
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailerhitch? If you do,
then be sure to seal the holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t sealthem, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
Trailer Brakes
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap into
your vehicle’s brake system. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well, or at all.
4-37
Driving witha Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out forthe open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longerand not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle is by itself.
Stay at least twice as farbehind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments), safety chains, electrical connector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes, start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controller by hand to be sure
the brakes are working. This lets you check your
electrical connection at the same time.
During your trip, check occasionally to be sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
4-38
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, justmove that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making T h n s
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer
I NOTICE:
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extrawiring. Check
with your Buick dealer. The green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn
or lane change. Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps
will also flash, telling other driversyou’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailerto come in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making verysharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider
turns than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike
soft shoulders, curbs,road signs, trees or other objects.
Avoid jerky or sudden maneuvers. Signal well
in advance.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panel will flash forturns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important tocheck occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steepdowngrade. If you don‘t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longerwork well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
4-39
Parking on Hills
0
Shift into a gear; and
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, on a hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start to move. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer can be damaged.
0
Release the parking brake.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Have someone place chocks under the
trailer’s wheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the
regular brakes until the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking on a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
4-40
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especially important intrailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, drive belt, cooling system and brake
adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and
the Index will help you find them quickly. If you’re
trailering, it’s a good idea to review this information
before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see that all hitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
,&I
NOTES
4-41
k%
4-42
NOTES
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do aboutsome problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5-3
5-8
5-15
5- 17
Hazard Warning Flashers
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
Cooling System
5-25
5-26
5-37
5-38
If a TireGoesFlat
Changing a Flat Tire
Compact Spare
Tire
If You’re Stuck:InSand,
Ice or Snow
Mud,
5-1
Hazard Warning Flashers
................
..................
Press the switch on top of
the steering column to make
your front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and
off. Your hazard warning
flashers work no matter
what position your key is in;
they even work if the key
isn’t in the ignition.
To turn off the flashers, press the switch again. When
the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals
won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m) behind
your vehicle.
Your hazard warning flashers letyou warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
Jump Starting
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicleand some jumper cables tostart your
vehicle. But please follow the steps below to do it safely.
Batteries can hurtyou. They can be dangerous
because:
They contain acid that can burnyou.
They contain gas that can explode or
ignite.
0 They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you don’t follow these stepsexactly, some or all
of these things canhurt you.
NOTICE:
Ignoring these steps could result
in costly damage
to your vehicle that wouldn’t be coveredby
your warranty.
Trying to start your
vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your
vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
I NOTICE:
If the other systemisn’t a 12-volt system witha
negative ground, both vehicles can be damaged.
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure the vehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could cause a ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put your automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) before setting the
parking brake.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter or accessory power outlet. Turn off all lamps
that aren’t needed as well as radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. In addition, it
could save your radio!
5-4
NOTICE:
If you leave your radioon, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’tbe covered by
your warranty.
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. (Your
vehicle’s battery is located toward the front of the
passenger’s side of the vehicle’s engine, underneath
a diagonal brace.)
An electric fan can startup even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away
from any underhood
electric fan.
5. Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery. Your vehicle has a remote positive (+)
jump starting terminal. The terminal is on the same
side of the engine compartment as your battery. To
uncover the remote positive (+) terminal, squeeze the
sides of the red plastic cap and pull the cap upward.
You should always use the remote positive (+)
terminal instead of the positive (+) terminal on
your battery.
Using a match neara battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded.Use a flashlight if
you need more light.
Be sure the battery has enough water.
You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelco Freedom@
battery installed in everynew GM vehicle. But if
a battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you.
Don’t get iton you. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
5-5
6. Check that the jumper cables don’thave loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could geta shock.
The vehicles could bedamaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here are some basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative (-)
or a metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to
negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts too.
I
A CAUTION:
I
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure
you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving parts
once the engine is running.
5-6
7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to thepositive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
8. Don’t let the other end
touch metal.Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehiclehas one.
10. Attach the cable at least18 inches (45 cm) away
from thedead battery, but not near engine partsthat
move. The electricalconnection is just as good
there, but the chance of sparks getting back to the
battery is much less.
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for while.
a
12. Try to start thevehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start after afew tries, itprobably
needs service.
9. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other
end
touch anything until
the next step. Theother
end of the negative (-)
cable doesn t go to the
dead battery.
It goes to aheavy, unpainted, metal part on the engine of
the vehiclewith the dead battery.
13. Remove the cables in reverseorder to prevent
electrical shorting.Take care thatthey don’t touch
each other or any other metal.
14. Reinstall the red protective remote jump start cover
on thevehicle that was jump started.
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a dealer or a professional towing service tow
your vehicle.
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aeroskirting, or special tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not becorrect.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
0
That your vehicle cannot betowed from the front or
rear with sling-type equipment.
0
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
The make, model and year of your vehicle.
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C . Dead Battery
5-8
0
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives,let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailed towing
instructions and illustrations. The operatormay want to
see them.
To help avoid inj y to you or others:
Never let passengers ride in a vehiclethat is
being towed.
Never tow faster than safeor posted speeds.
Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by thetow truck.
Always secure the vehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towing it.
Never use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
5-9
NOTICE:
A vehicle can fall from a car carrier
if it isn’t
a collision,
adequately secured. This can cause
serious personal injury and vehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or
steel cables beforeit is transported,
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing,etc.) that can be cut
by sharp
edges underneath the towed
vehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted in the
T-hook slots. Neveruse
J-hooks. They will damage drivetrain and
suspension components.
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key
in OFF. The steering wheel should be clamped in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s
steering column lock for this. The transaxle should be in
NEUTRAL (N) and the parking brake released.
5-10
Don’t have yourvehicle towed on the drive
wheels, unless you must, If the vehicle must be
towed on the drivewheels, do nottow the vehicle
more than 500 cumulative miles(800 km) or
exceed 50 mph (80 km/h). Cumulative miles are
defined as total miles over the life of the vehicle.
For example, yourvehicle cannot be towed
500 miles (800 km) each dayof a trip totaling
3,000 miles (4800 km). If these limitations must
be exceeded, then the drive
wheels have tobe
supported on a dolly.
Front Towing
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling type
equipment or
fascidfog lamp damage will occur. Use wheel-lift
or car-carrierequipment. Additionalramping
may berequired for car-carrier equipment. Use
safety chainsand wheel straps. Use the T-slots for
car-carrier securing.
Towing a vehicle over roughsurfaces could
damage a vehicle. Damage
can occur from
vehicle toground or vehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage,install a
towing dollyand raise the vehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attach winch cablesor J-hooks to
suspension components when using
car-carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooks
inserted in
the T-hook slots.
5-11
Attach a separatesafety
chain around the outboard
end of each lower
control arm.
Attach T-hook chains in
front of the wheels, into the
slots of the front shipping
brackets on the cradle (both
sides). Insert the hook from
the inward side of the slot
and not the outward side.
These slots are to be used when securing to
car-carrier equipment.
NOTICE:
When attachingT-hooks to the shipping slots in
the frame rail, attach them inside of the frame to
avoid damage to the frameor front fascia.
5-12
I NOTICE:
Take care not to damage the brake pipes and
hoses or theABS sensor and wiring.
I
I
Rear Towing
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipment or the rear
bumper valance will be damaged. Use wheel-lift
INOTICE:
or car-carrier equipment. Additional ramping
may be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use
safety chains and wheel straps. Use the T-slots for
car-carrier securing.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle to ground orvehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage, installa
towing dollyand raise thevehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attachwinch cables or J-nooks to
suspension components when using car-carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooks inserted in
T-hooks slots.
Using a towing dolly for your drive wheels
is
recommended if your vehicle is towed more
than 500 cumulative miles (800 km) orexceeds
50 mph (80 km/h).
5-13
Attach a separate safety
chain around the outboard
end of both lateral arms.
Attach T-hook chains into
slots in the bottom of the
floor pan, just ahead of the
rear wheels, on both sides.
These slots are to be used when securing to
car-carrier equipment.
I NOTICE:
Take care not to damage the brake pipes
and cables.
5-14
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperaturegage and a hot
engine warning light on your instrument panel. See
“Engine Coolant Temperature Gage” and “Engine
Coolant Temperature Warning Light” in the Index.You
also have a low coolant lighton your instrument panel.
See “Low Coolant Light” in the Index.
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you
badly, evenif you just open thehood. Stay away
from the engineif you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn itoff and get everyone away
from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until
there is no signof steam or coolant before
you
open thehood.
If you keep driving when your engine
is
overheated, the liquids in it can catch fire.
You or
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine
if
it overheats, and get out
of the vehicle until the
engine iscool.
I NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because
you keep
driving with no coolant, your
vehicle can be
badly damaged. Thecostly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty.
5-15
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheat warning but see or hearno
steam, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the engine can get a little too hot when you:
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high-speed driving.
0
Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheat warning with no sign of steam,
try this for aminute or so:
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open the window as necessary.
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (a).
5-16
If you no longer have the overheat warning, you
can drive. Just to be safe, drive slower for about
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idlethe engine
for two or three minutes while you’re parked, to see if
the warning stops. But then, if you still have the
warning, turn off the engineund get everyone outof the
vehicle until it cools down.
You may decide not to lift the hood but to get service
help right away.
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
An electric engine cooling fan under the hood can
start up even when the engineis not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside thecoolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything elseuntil it cools down.
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
C. Radiator Pressure Cap
5-17
Heater and radiatorhoses, and other engine
parts, can be very hot.
Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
Don’t run the engineif there is a leak. If you run
the engine, it could
lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and
you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before
you drive thevehicle.
The coolant level should be at or above the COLD mark
on the overflow hose in the coolant bottle.
If it isn’t, you may have a leak in the radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in
the cooling system.
NOTICE:
Engine damage from running your engine
without coolantisn’t covered by your warranty.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine cooling fans arerunning. If the
engine is overheating, both fans should be running. If
they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
5-18
How to Add Coolant to theCoolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found aproblem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t at the COLD mark, add50/50
a mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled)and DEX-COOL@ engine
coolant at the coolantrecovery tank. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.)
I NOTICE:
In cold weather,water can freeze and crack the
engine, radiator, heater core and otherparts.
Use the recommended coolant and the proper
coolant mixture.
A CAUTION:
Adding onlyplain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol,can boil beforethe proper
coolant mixture will. Your vehicle’scoolant
warning system isset for the propercoolant
mixture. Withplain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too
hot but you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning. Your engine could
catch fire andyou or others could beburned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean water and
DEX-COOL@coolant.
5-19
A CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don't spill coolant on a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the
COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there's one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
5-20
'A
CAUTION:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot
cooling
system can blow out andburn you badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap even a little they can come out
at high speed. Neverturn the cap when the
cooling system,including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Waitfor thecooling systemand
radiator pressure cap
to cool if you ever have to
turn the pressure cap.
--
-
5-21
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
I NOTICE:
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap, but now
push down as you
turn it. Remove the
pressure cap.
Your engine has a specific
radiator fill procedure.
Failure to follow this procedure could cause your
engine to overheat and be severely damaged.
.
.
You can remove the
radiator pressure cap
when the cooling
system, including the
radiator pressure cap and
upper radiator hose, is
no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise until it
first stops. (Don’t press
down while turning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
5-22
You can beburned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engineparts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
3. After the engine
cools, open the
coolant air
bleed valve.
There is onebleed valve. It is located on the
thermostat housing.
I
4. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck.
(See "Engine Coolant'' in the Index for more
information about the proper coolant mixture.)
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an air
bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, close the
valve(s) after the radiator is filled.
5. Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and the compartment.
I
Then fill the coolant recovery tank to theCOLD
mark on the overflow hose in the coolant bottle.
Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave thepressure cap off.
8. Start the engineand let it run untilyou can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
9. By this time, the coolant level insidethe radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOL@coolant mixture
through the fillerneck until the levelreaches the
base of the fillerneck.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
a
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are few
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails,the flat tirewill create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
10. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedure if coolant begins to flow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap line up like this.
11. Check the coolant in the recovery tank. The level in
the coolant recovery tank should be at the HOT
mark when the engine is hot or at the COLD mark
when the engine is cold.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve,acts much like a
skid and may require the same correction you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flat tiresafely.
5-25
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tiregoes flat, avoid further tireand wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place.
Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The vehicle
can slip off the jack androll over youor other
people. You and they could be badly
injured.
Find a level placeto change your tire.To help
prevent the vehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brakefirmly.
2. Put the shift lever in PARK (P).
3. Wrn off the engine.
To be even morecertain the vehicle won't move,
you can put blocks at the front and rearof the
tire farthestaway from the one being changed.
That would bethe tire on the other side of the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
5-26
The followingsteps will tellyou how to use the jack and
change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tire andTools
(See “Compact Spare Tire” later in this section for more
information aboutthe compact spare.)
1. Pull the carpeted mat up from the floor of the trunk
and turn the center nut on the compact spare cover to
the left to remove it. Then lift and remove the cover.
2. Remove the spare tire.
5-27
A
3. Turn the nut holding the jack to the left and remove
it. Then remove the jack and wrench.
5-28
The tools you’ll be using include the jack (A), extension
and protection guide (B) and wheel wrench (C).
Wheel Covers
To remove a center cap, use
the wrench to pry gently at
the notch. Don’t use a tool
that is narrower than the
wrench to pry at thisnotch.
Then pry off the cap.
If your vehicle is equipped
with wheel covers, be sure
to use awheel wrench to
begin the process of
loosening the plastic wheel
nut caps.
They won’t come off.You will only be able to loosen
them. Once you have loosened the plastic nut caps with
the wheel wrench, if needed, you can finish loosening
them with your fingers.
Then, using the flat end of the wheel wrench, pry along
the edge of the wheel cover until it comes off. Be
careful; the edge may be sharp. Don’t try to remove the
cover with your bare hands.
5-29
Removing the FlatTire and Installing the
Spare Tire
Getting undera vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slipsoff the jack,you
could be badly injured orkilled. Never getunder
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
I
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
2. Turn the jack handle to the right to raise the jack lift
head a few inches.
5-30
A CAUTION:
Raising yourvehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage thevehicle and even
make the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal
injury andvehicle damage, be sure to
fit the jack
lift head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
FRONT
VEHICLE
\\
\\
-
REAR EDGE OF FRONT
WHEEL OPENING
3. For jacking at the vehicle’s front location,put the
jack lift head about 6 inches (1 5 cm) from the rear
edge of the front wheel opening or justbehind the
two bolts as shown.
FRONT EDGE OF
REAR WHEEL
OPENING
4. For jacking at the vehicle’s rear location, put the jack
lift head about 5 inches (13 em) from the front edge
of the rear wheel opening or justbehind the off-set
as shown.
Put the compact spare tire near you.
5-31
7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
A
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle to the
right. Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground for
the spare tire to fitunder the vehicle.
6. Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-32
CAUTION:
Rust or dirton the wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make thewheel nuts
become loose after a time. Thewheel could come
off and cause an accident. When
you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to thevehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust
or
dirt off.
I A CAUTION:
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
If you
do, the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could
fall off, causinga serious accident.
Replace the wheel nuts
with therounded end of
the nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
9. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handleto the
left. Lower the jackcompletely.
5-33
10. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightenedwheel nuts can leadto
brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the
wheel
nuts in the proper sequence and to the proper
torque specification.
/!1 CA’, TION:
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the
wheel to become loose
and even come off. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure to use the correct
wheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to new
get GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon you
as can and have
the nuts tightened with
a torque wrench to
100 Ib-ft (140 Nom).
5-34
Don’t try to put the wheel cover on your compact
spare tire. It won’t fit. Store thewheel cover in the
trunk until you have the flat tirerepaired or replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel coverswon’t fit on your compact spare.
If
you try to puta wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Storing the Flat Tireand Tools
Storing ajack, a tireor other equipment in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store
all these
in the proper place.
After you’ve putthe compact spare tireon your vehicle,
you’ll need to store the flat tire in your trunk. Use the
following procedure to secure the flattire in the trunk.
When storing a full-size tireyou must use the extension
with the protector/guide to help avoid wheel surface
damage. Use the extensionand protector/guide located
in the foam holder. To store a full-sizetire, place the tire
valve stem facing down and then remove the
protector/guide and attach the retainer securely.
When reinstalling a compact spare tire, put the
protector/guide back in the foam holder. Store the cover
as far forward as possible.
5-35
...
Storing the Spare Tire and
Tools
1. Retainer
2. Cover
3. Retainer (full-size tire)
4. Compact Spare Tire
Storing a jack,a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
5. Nut
6. Jack
7. Wrench
8. Lock Nut Tool
9. Foam Holder
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tire with a full-size tire as soon as you
can. See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index. See the
storage instructions label to replace your compact spare
into your trunk properly.
Be sureto calibrate your low tire pressure system after
you replace your compact spare tire with a full-sized
one. See “Tire Pressure Monitor” in the Index.
5-36
10. Bolt Screw
11. Extension and
Protector/Guide
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire
was fully inflatedwhen
your vehicle was new, it can lose air aftertime.
a
Check the inflation pressureremhrly. It should be
60 psi (420 Wa).
After installingthe compact spare on your vehicle, you
should stop as soon as possible and make sureyour
spare tire is correctly inflated. The compact
spare is
made to performwell at speedsup to 65 mph
(105 kmk)for distancesup to 3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finishyour trip and haveyour full-size tire
repaired or replacedwhere you want. You must calibrate
the tire pressuremonitor system after installing or
removing the compact spare. See“Tire Pressure
Monitor” in the Index. The system
may not work
correctly when the compact spareis installed on the
vehicle. Of course, it’s best to replaceyour spare with a
full-size tire as soon as you can. Your spare will last
longer andbe in good shape in caseyou need it again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spare is installed,don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails.The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire andwheel,
and maybe other parts of your vehicle.
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire orwheel with
other wheels or tires.They won’t fit. Keepyour spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare. Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t usetire chains on your
compact spare.
5-37
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
What you don’t want to do when your vehicle is stuck is
to spin your wheels too fast. The method known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must -usecaution.
If yaa let your tiresspin at M~JIspeed, theycan
expIode, and you or others could be injured. And,
the transaxleor other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage.When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
5-38
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find informationabout the careof your vehicle. This sectionbegins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluidand lubricant levels. Thereis also technicalinformation about your
vehicle, and a partdevoted to its appearance care.
6-2
6-3
6-5
6-5
6-8
6- 12
6- 12
6- 17
6-20
6-23
6-27
6-28
6-30
6-33
6-34
6-39
6-49
6-49
Service
Fuel
Fuels inForeign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Checking Things Under the Hood
3800 Supercharged (Code 1) Engine
Engine Oil
Air Cleaner
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Power Steering Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
6-5 1
6-52
6-52
6-52
6-53
6-54
6-55
6-57
6-58
6-58
6-59
6-65
6-65
6-66
6-67
6-67
Cleaning the Built-inChild Restraint
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in Child
Restraint Harness
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Cleaning theOutside of the Windshield and
Wiper Blades
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
Cleaning Aluminum or ChromeWheels
Cleaning Tires
Appearance Care Materials Chart
Vehicle Identification Number(VIN)
Service Parts Identification Label
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Vehicle Dimensions
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to usethe proper Buick Service Manual. It tells
YOU much rnOre about how to service Your vehicle than
this manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Genuine
”M
F
6-2
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
Fuel
I
You can be injured and your vehicle could
be
damaged if you try to doservice work on a
vehicle without knowing enough aboutit.
e Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt any vehicle
maintenance task.
e Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners can beeasily confused. If you use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipmentto the Outside of
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer before adding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
The 8th digitof your vehicle identification number
(VIN) shows the code letter for your engine. You will
find the VIN at the top left of your instrument panel.
(See “Vehicle Identification Number” in the Index.)
If you have the 3800 engine (VIN Code K), use regular
unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane orhigher. If you’re
using fuel rated at the recommended octane orhigher
and you hear heavy knocking, your engine needs
service. But don’t worry if you hear a little pinging
noise when you‘re accelerating or drivingup a hill.
That’s normal,and you don’t have to buy a higher
octane fuel to get rid of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant
knock that means you have a problem.
If you have the 3800 Supercharged engine (VIN Code
l ) , use premium unleaded gasoline rated at 91 octane or
higher. With the 3800 Supercharged engine, in an
emergency, you may be able to use a lower octane -- as
low as 87 -- if heavy knocking does not occur. If you
are using 9 1 or higher octane unleaded gasoline and you
hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service.
6-3
At a minimum, the gasoline you use should meet
specifications ASTM D4814 in the United States and
CGSB 3.5-M93 in Canada. Improved gasoline
specifications have been developed by the American
Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA) for
better vehicleperformance and engine protection.
Gasolines meeting the AAMA specification could
provide improved driveability and emission control
system protection compared to other gasolines.
Be surethe posted octane forpremium is at least 91 (at
least 89 formiddle grade and 87 for regular). If the
octane is lessthan 87, you may get aheavy knocking
noise when you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage
your engine.
If your vehicle is certified to meet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), itis designed to operate on fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels are not available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuels meeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
6-4
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs, return
to your authorized Buick dealer for diagnosis to
determine the cause of failure. In the event itis
determined that the cause of the condition is the type of
fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT);
ask your service station operator whether or not his fuel
contains MMT. General Motors does not recommend the
use of such gasolines. If fuels containingMMT are used,
spark plug life may be reduced and your emission
control system performance may be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument panel
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
Buick dealer for service.
To provide cleanerair, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additivesthat will help
prevent depositsfrom forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowingyour emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
anything to thefuel. In addition, gasolines containing
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolinesmay be availablein your area to
help clean the air. General Motors recommends that you
use thesegasolines if they comply with the
specifications describedearlier.
1 NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use
it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States orCanada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline orany other fuelnot
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costly repairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact amajor oil company that does business inthe
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also writeus at the following address for
advice. Justtell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
6-5
Filling Your Tank
The tethered cap is behind a hinged door on the left side
of your vehicle.
While refueling, let the cap hang by the tether below the
fuel fill opening.
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoline.
6-6
To remove the cap, turn it slowly to the left
(counterclockwise).The cap has a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
If you get gasolineon yourself and then
something ignites it,you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out on
you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, andis more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap
slowly and
wait for any “hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all the way.
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound. Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
~
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
’
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Your dealer can get one foryou. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp to light
and your fuel tank and emissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
6-7
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
Never filla portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity dischargefrom the
container can ignitethe gasoline vapor.You can
be badlyburned and your vehicle damagedif this
occurs. To help avoidinjury to you and others:
0 Dispense gasoline onlyinto approved
containers.
0 Do not fill acontainer while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle'strunk, pickup bedor
on anysurface other than the ground.
0 Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening beforeoperating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
Don't smoke while pumping gasoline.
6-8
Checking Things Under theHood
An electric fan underthe hood canstart up and
injure you even whenthe engine is not running.
Keep hands, clothingand tools awayfrom any
underhood electric fan.
1
Things that burncan get onhot engine parts and
start a fire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant,brake fluid, windshield washerand
other fluids, and plastic or rubber. You or others
could beburned. Be careful not todrop or spill
things that will burn onto a hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, first
pull the handle inside
the vehicle,located just
below the instrumentpanel
and to the left of the
steering column.
Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release. Lift the hood.
6-9
When you open the hood on the 3800 (Code K) Engine, you’ll see:
A. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
B. Battery
C. Radiator Fill Cap
D. Remote Positive (+)
H. Automatic Transaxle
Battery Terminal
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
F. Engine Oil Dipstick
G. Engine Oil Fill Cap
Fluid Dipstick
I. Brake Fluid Reservoir
J. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank
K. Air Cleaner
When you open the hood of the 3800 (Code 1) Supercharged Engine, you’ll see:
H
A. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
B.Battery
C. Radiator Fill Cap
D. Remote Positive (+)
Battery Terminal
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
E Engine Oil Dipstick
G. Engine Oil Fill Cap
H. Automatic Transaxle
Fluid Dipstick
I. Brake Fluid Reservoir
J. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank
K. Air Cleaner
6-11
Before closing thehood, be sure all the filler caps
are on properly. Then just pull the hood down and close
it firmly.
3800 Supercharged (Code 1) Engine
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have a 3800 Supercharged engine.
The supercharger is a device which is designed to pump
more air intothe engine than it would normally use.
This air is mixed with fuel, which creates increased
engine power. Since thesupercharger is a pump and is
driven from an engine accessory drive belt, increased
pressure is available at all drivingconditions.
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM), works with a
vacuum control to regulate theincreased pressure
required during specific driving conditions. When this
increased pressure or boostis not desired, such as during
idling and light throttle cruising, the excess airthat the
supercharger is pumping is routed through a bypass. All
of these controls working together provide high
performance character and fuel efficiency in the 3800
Supercharged L67 engine.
6-12
Engine Oil
LOW
OIL
If the LOW OIL lighton the
instrument panel comes on,
it means you need to check
your engine oil level right
away. For more
information, see “Low Oil
Level Light” in the Index.
You should check your engine oil levelregularly; this is
an added reminder.
It’s a good idea tocheck your engine oilevery time you
get fuel. Inorder to get an accurate reading,the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
Checking Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick
and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove itagain,
keeping the tip down,and check thelevel.
The engine oil dipstick handle
is the yellow loop near
the frontof the engine.
Turn off the engineand give the oil afew minutes to
drain back into the oilpan. If you don't, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
6-13
When to Add Engine Oil
If the oil is at or below the ADD mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quart
of oil. But you must use the
right kind. Thispart explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications’’
in the Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t addtoo much oil.If your engine hasso
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area that shows the proper
operating range, your engine could be damaged.
The engine oil fill cap islocated toward the front
of the engine near the yellow-looped engine oil
dipstick handle.
Be sure tofill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
6-14
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle canbe identified by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).Do not use any oil which
does not carry this Starburstsymbol.
I
1
RECOMMENDED VISCOSITY
SAE GRADE
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLD STARTINC;, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GRADEOIL FOR THEEXPECTEDTEMPERATURERANGE.
HOT
WEATHER
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the Starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
ENGINE OILS
LOOK
FOR THIS
SYMBOL
’ T C )
SAE 1OW-30
PREFERRED
If you have your oil changed for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasoline engines.
You should also use the
proper viscosity oil foryour vehicle, as shown in the
following chart:
above 0°F
(-18°C)
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
L
FD
6-15
As shown in the chart, SAE 1OW-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE 5W-30 if it’s going
to be colderthan 60°F (16 O C) before your next oil
change. When it’s very cold, you should use SAE
5W-30. These numbers on an oil container show its
viscosity, or thickness. Do not use other viscosity oils,
such as SAE 20W-50.
NOTICE:
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your dealer is ready to
advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has an Oil LifeMonitor. This feature
will let you know when to change your oil and
filter -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km)and
7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your last oil change.
Under severe conditions, the indicator may come on
before 3,000 miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle
more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km)or 12 months
(whichever occurs first) without an oil change.
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failure to use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not The system won’t detect dustin the oil. So, if you
drive in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil every
covered by your warranty.
3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) or sooner. Remember to reset
the CHANGE OIL SOON light when the oil has been
GM Goodwrench@oil meets all the requirements for
changed. For more information, see “Change Oil Soon
your vehicle.
Light” in the Index.
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
How to Reset theCHANGE OIL SOON Light
-20°F (-29”C),consider using either an SAE 5W-30
After changing the engine oil, the system must be reset.
synthetic oil or an SAE OW-30 oil. Both will provide
With the ignition key in RUN but the engine off, fully
easier cold startingand better protection for your engine
push and release the accelerator pedal slowly three times
at extremely low temperatures.
within five seconds. If the CHANGE OIL SOON light
flashes, the system is resetting. Turn the key to OFF,
6-16
then start the vehicle.If the CHANGE OIL SOONlight
comes back on, the system has not reset. Repeat the
procedure. (If you have a driver informationcenter, the
system may be reset by depressing the DIC RESET
button for five seconds while viewing the oil life display
on the DIC. See “Driver Information Center”in
the Index.)
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil contains certain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’tlet used oil stayon your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containingused engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil canbe a real threat to the environment.If you
change your own oil, be sure to drain all free-flowingoil
from the filter before disposal.Don’t ever disposeof oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streamsor bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it toa place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling
center for help.
Air Cleaner
To check or replacethe air
filter, loosen the wing nut
on the air ductand lift up on
the two clips locatedon the
top of the filter cover.
Disconnect the duct and
reposition it while removing
the side cover.
Pull out the filter. Be sure to install the air filter and
install the cover tightly when you are finished.
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the airfilter.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ inthe Index.
6-17
Passenger CompartmentAir Filter
Operating the engine withthe air cleaner off can
cause you or others to be burned. The air cleaner
not only cleansthe air, it stops flameif the engine
backfires. If it isn’t there, and the engine
backfires, you could be burned. Don’t
drive with
it off, and be careful working onthe engine with
the air cleaner off.
I NOTICE:
If the air cleaner is off, a backfire can cause a
damaging engine fire. And,
dirt can easily get
into your engine, which will damage it. Always
have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving.
6-18
The passenger compartment
air filter islocated
underneath your hood just
below the windshield wiper
arm on the car’s passenger
side (Underneath the air
inlet grille).
The filtertraps most of the pollen from the air entering
the air conditioningmodule. Like your engine’s air
filter, it may need to be changed periodically. For
information on how often to change the passenger
compartment air filter, see “Maintenance Schedule” in
the Index.
To change the passenger compartment air filter, usethe
following steps:
1. Turn off the ignition when the windshield wipers
are in theup position.
2. Raise the hood.
3. Remove (disconnect) the windshield washer pump
hose fromthe fender rail and air inlet grille.
4. Reposition the hood weatherstrip from the right
side of the vehicle (peelback halfway to center).
5. Remove (disconnect) the air inlet grille retainers.
11. Reposition the hood weatherstrip.
12. Reconnect the windshield washer pump hose to the
fender rail and air inlet grille.
13. Close the hood.
14. Return the windshield wipers to the park position.
Supercharger Oil
Unless you are technically qualified and have the proper
tools, you should let your dealer ora qualified service
center perform this maintenance.
6. Remove (disconnect) the air inlet grille.
When to Check
7. Remove (disconnect) the passengercompartment
air filter.
Check oil level every30,000 miles (50 000 km) or every
36 months, whichever occurs first.
8. Then install the new air filter. For the type of filter
to use, see“Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts” in the Index.
What Kind of Oil to Use
See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index
and use only the recommended oil.
9. Reposition the air inlet grille.
10. Replace the air inlet grilleretainers.
6-19
How to Check and Add Oil
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Check oil only when the engine is cold.Allow the
engine to cool two to three hours after running.
When to Check and Change
A CAUTION:
~
~
If you remove the supercharger oil
fill plug while
the engine is hot, pressure may cause hot oil to
blow outof the oil fill hole. You may be burned.
Do not remove the plug until the engine
cools.
1. Clean the area around the oilfill plug before
removing it.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oil is changed.
Change both the fluid and filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km) if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90°F (32”C) or higher.
0
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
0
When doing frequent trailer towing.
0
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
2. Remove the oil fill plug using a 3/ 16 inch
Allen wrench.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluid and filter do not require changing.
3. The oil level is correct when it just reaches the
bottom of the threads of the inspection hole.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
4. Replace the oil plug with the O-ring in place. Torque
to 88 lb-in (10 N-m).
6-20
How to Check
Because this operationcan be a little difficult,you may
choose to have this done at your Buick dealership
Service Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure to follow all the instructions
here, or you could get a false reading on the dipstick.
NOTICE:
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some
of the
fluid could come out and fall on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting
a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading if you check your
transaxle fluid.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid level if you have been driving:
0
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32°C).
0
At high speed for quite a while.
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
0
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluidshould be at normal
operating temperature,which is 180°Fto 200°F (82°C
to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above 50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than 50°F (IOOC), you may have
to drivelonger.
Checking the Fluid Level
0
Park your vehicle on a levelplace. Keep the
engine running.
0
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
0
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
0
Let the engine run at idle for three to five minutes.
6-21
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluid level must be in the
cross-hatched area.
The automatic transaxle fluid dipstick is the red loop
located toward the rear of the engine.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
4. If the fluid level is inthe acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use.See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid levelis low, add only enough of the proper
fluid to bring thelevel into the cross-hatchedarea on
the dipstick.
1 . Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole tobring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than one
pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Engine Coolant
The cooling s stem in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL J engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000 miles
(240 000 km) whichever occurs first, if you add only
DEX-COOL6 extended life coolant.
The following explainsyour cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low. If you have a problem with
engine overheating orif you need to add coolant to your
radiator, see “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and DEX-COOL@
coolant will:
NOTICE:
We recommend you use only fluid labeled
DEXRON@-111,because fluid with that label
is
made especially for your automatic transaxle.
Damage caused by fluid other thanDEXRON-I11
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
Give boiling protection up to 265 “ F (1 29°C).
Protect against rust and corrosion.
0
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
0
Let the warning lights and gages work as they should.
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
6-23
What to Use
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it
is important thatyou use
only DEX-COOL@(silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to the
system, premature engine, heater core or
In addition, the
radiator corrosion may result.
engine coolantwill require change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage causedby the use
of coolant other than DEX-COOL@ is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-half DEX-COOL@coolant which
won’t damage aluminum parts. If you use this mixture,
you don’t need to add anything E :.
--
6-24
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water, or some other
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixturewill. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot you
but wouldn’t
get the overheat warning.
Your engine could
catch fire andyou or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean water and
DEX-COOL@coolant.
NOTICE:
Checking Coolant
-
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered
by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times a year,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you usethe proper coolant,you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
When your engine is cold, the coolant level should be at
the COLD mark or a little higher. When your engine is
warm, the level should be up to the HOT mark or a
little higher.
6-25
LOW
COOLANTI
If this lightcomes on, it
means you’re low on
engine
coolant.
-
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, addthe proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture ut the coolant recovery tank, but be
careful not to spill it.
If the coolantrecovery tank is completely empty, add
coolant to the radiator. (See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.)
n r n i n g the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator are hot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow
out and burnyou badly.
With the coolant recoverytank, you will almost
never have to add coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiator pressure cap even a
little when the engineand radiator arehot.
--
--
b,CAUTIOI..
You can beburned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and itwill burn if the engineparts arehot
enough. Don’t spill coolant on a hot engine.
6-26
I
Radiator Pressure Cap
Power Steering Fluid
NOTICE:
Your radiator capis a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installed to
prevent coolant loss and possible engine damage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
When you replace your radiator pressure cap, an AC@
cap is recommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@thermostat
is recommended.
When to Check Power SteeringFluid
It isnot necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leak in the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate a problem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
6-27
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, wipe the cap and
the top of the reservoirclean, then unscrew the capand
wipe the dipstickwith a clean rag. Replace the
cap and
completely tighten it. Thenremove the cap again and
look at the fluid level
on the dipstick.
When the enginecompartment is hot, the levelshould be
at the HOT mark. If the fluid is at theADD mark, you
should add fluid.
What to Use
To determine what kind of fluid touse, see
‘‘Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failure to use the proper
fluid can cause leaks
and damage hoses. and seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions before use. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluid thathas sufficient
protection against freezing.
3800 or 3800 SuperchargedEngine
6-28
Adding Washer Fluid
NOTICE:
0
0
0
Open thecap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
washer fluid untilthe tank is full.
0
When usingconcentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze
and damage your washer fluidtank and
other partsof the washer system. Also,
water doesn’t cleanas well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluidtank only
three-quarters full when it’s very cold. This
allows for expansion if freezing occurs,
which could damagethe tank if it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer.It-candamage
your washer systemand paint.
6-29
Brakes
Brake Fluid
of the brake system. If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, sincea leak means that sooner or later your
brakes won’t work well, or won’t work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “topoff’ your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak.
If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings. You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work
is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
’FA -
CAUTION:
Your brake master cylinder reservoiris here. It is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid level in the
reservoir might go down. The first is that the brake fluid
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear. When new linings are put in, the fluid level
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid is leaking out
6-30
If you have too much brake fluid, it can spill
on
the engine. The fluid will burn
if the engine is
hot enough.You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls to a low level, your brake
warning light will come on. See “Brake SystemWarning
Light” in the Index.
What to Add
NOTICE:
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme 1 l @(GM Part
No. 12377967). Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap before removing it. This will help keep
dirt from entering thereservoir.
With the wrong kind of fluid in yourbrake
system, yourbrakes may not work well,or they
may not even workat all. This could cause a
crash. Alwaysuse the properbrake fluid.
1
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in yourbrake system can damagebrake
system parts so badly that they’ll have to be
replaced. Don’tlet someone put in the
wrong kind of fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on your vehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish canbe
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on your vehicle.If you do, wash it off
immediately. See “Appearance Care’’ in
the Index.
6-31
Some driving conditions or climates
may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are firstapplied or lightly
applied. This doesnot mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that makea
high-pitched warning sound when the brake pads are worn
and new pads are needed. The sound may come and go or
be heard all the time your vehicle is moving (except when
you are pushing on the brake pedal firmy).
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly torque wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM specifications.
I
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. Whenyou hear the brake wear
warning sound, haveyour vehicle serviced.
I NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costly brake repair.
6-32
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection” in Section 7 of this
manual under Part C “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections.”
Brake Pedal n a v e l
See yourdealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increasein pedal
travel. This couldbe a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust forwear.
Replacing Brake System Parts
Vehicle Storage
The braking systemon a modern vehicle is complex.
Its many parts have tobe of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to havereally good braking.
Your vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality
GM brake parts. When you replace parts of your braking
system -- for example,when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change-- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve cometo expect can change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
Battery
Contact your dealer to learn how to prepare your vehicle
for longer storage periods.
Every new Buick has an ACDelco Freedom@battery.
You never have toadd water to one of these. When it’s
time for anew battery, we recommend an ACDelco
Freedom battery. Get one that has the replacement
number shown on the original battery’s label.
Batteries have acid that can burn you and
gas
that can explode. You can be badlyhurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” in the Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature” in the Index.
6-33
Bulb Replacement
Headlamps
In this section you’ll find directions for changing the
bulbs in some of the lamps on your vehicle. See
“Replacement Bulbs” in the Index to find the type of
bulb you should use.
Halogen Bulbs
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas inside and
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb.
You or
others could be injured.
Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
1. Pull up on the headlamp retainers to release the
assembly locator tabs.
2. Slide the headlamp assembly out of the slots.
3. Lift the plastic locking tab on the electrical
connector and pull the connector fromthe headlamp
bulb socket.
6-34
4. Connect the new headlamp assembly to the wiring
harness, making sure the connector tab snaps
into place.
To check the aim, the vehicle should be properly
prepared as follows:
0
Place the vehicle on a level pad or surface.
0
The vehicle should not have any
snow, ice or mud
attached to it.
0
The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done.
Your vehicle has a modular headlampsystem. These
headlamps have horizontaland vertical aim indicators.
The aim has been optically pre-set at the factory and
should need no further adjustment.
0
There should not be any cargo or loading of the
vehicle, except it should have a full tank of gas and
one person or 160 lbs. (75 kg) on the driver’s seat.
0
Close all doors.
If your vehicle is damagedin an accident and the
headlamp aim seems to beaffected, see your dealer.
Headlamps on damaged vehicles may require
recalibration of the vertical and horizontal aimby
your dealer.
0
Tires should be properly inflated.
0
Rock the vehicle to stabilizethe suspension.
5. Insert the headlamp intothe slots in the fascia.
6. Slide the retainers downwarduntil they are
fully seated.
Headlamp Aiming
I
I
NOTICE:
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damage to headlamp parts.
6-35
For the vertical adjustment, state inspection stations
will generally allow a reading of plus 0.76 degrees or
minus 0.76 degrees from the center of the bubble.
down
If you find that the headlamp aiming needs adjustment,
follow these steps:
It is recommended that the
upper limit not exceed
plus 0.4 degrees from the
center of the bubble.
Other drivers may flash
their high beams at you if
your adjustment is much
above plus 0.4 degrees.
Driver's Side Headlamp Shown
A. Vertical aim adjustment screw
B. Horizontal aim adjustment screw
1. Start by opening the hood and locating the vertical
and horizontal aim indicators. The aiming screw for
the vertical aim indicator is at the center of the
headlamp cover (A) and the aiming screw for the
horizontal aim indicator is on the outboard side of
the headlamp cover (B).
6-36
NOTICE:
Horizontal aimof the headlamp must be done
first. Adjusting verticalaim first will result in
2. Using an E8 Torx@ socket, turn the horizontal
aiming adjustment screw(B) until the “0” (zero) on
the pointeris lined up with the center marking on the
horizontal block index plate
(C).
3. To adjust the vertical aim, use anE8 Torn@socket
and turn the vertical aiming adjustment screw
(D) is centered at
until the bubble inside the level
“0” (zero).
Front Parking and I’urn Signal Lamp
1. Remove the headlamp assembly. Refer to the
removal procedure earlier in this section.
2. Remove the rubber bulb access cover.
3. Twist and pull the sidemarker lamp socket from the
headlamp assembly.
4. Holding the base of the bulb, pull the bulb from
the socket.
5. Push the new bulb into the socket.
Passenger’s Side Headlamp Shown
B. Horizontal aim adjustment screw
C. Horizontal block index plate
6. Put the socket backinto the headlamp assembly and
turn it to the right untilit is secure.
7. Replace the rubber bulb access cover.
D. Vertical aiming level
6-37
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
1. Open the trunk.
3. Remove the bulb by turning it one-quarter of a turn
right to left.
4. Place the new bulb into the bulb socket.
2. Reach through the access opening in the trunk.
5. Turn the bulb one-quarter of a turn to the right
to replace.
6. Close the trunk.
6-38
Tail/Stop/Turn Signal Lamp
4. Pull out the socket.
1. Remove the three plastic wing nuts (A). (Pliers may
5. Pull the bulb out of the socket. (There are twobulbs
on each taillamp.)
be required to remove the wing nuts.)
6. Push in a new bulb.
A
7. Replace the socket into the housing and turn to
the right.
A
8. Replace the taillamp housing to the body of
the vehicle.
9. Install the wing nuts.
B
10. Tighten the plastic nuts.
2. Pull the taillamp housing away from the body of the
vehicle (B).
3. Squeeze the tab on the socket and turn the socket
right to left.
6-39
Trunk Lid Applique
Then:
1. Install the new bulbs into the applique sockets (B).
2. Connect the applique to the lid.
A\
\
3. Reconnect the wing nuts to the studs on the applique
and hand-tighten.
4. Close the trunk lid.
Back-up Lamp
The back-up lamps are located in the trunk lid applique.
(Refer to the trunklid applique removal procedure earlier
in this section for graphic and further instructions.)
1. Remove the trunk lid applique.
2. Twist and pull the back-up lamp socket from the
trunk lid applique.
3. Twist and pull the bulb from the back-up lamp socket.
1. Open the trunk lid halfway.
To install the new bulb:
2. Remove the wing nuts (A) from the studs on the
applique. (There are eight wing nuts. Pliersmay be
required to removethem.)
1. Twist and push the bulb into the back-up lamp socket.
2. Twist and push the back-up lamp socket into the
trunk lid applique.
3. Remove the applique from the trunk lid.
3. Reinstall the trunk lid applique.
6-40
Dome Lamp
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
1. Grasp the front centerand rear center positions
of the dome lamp housingand squeeze together until
the housing releases from the base
plate. A
flat-bladed screwdriver may be necessary to pry the
assembly loose.
2. Lift the plastic locking tab on the electrical
connector and pull the connector fromthe dome
lamp assembly.
3. Grasp the bulb housing
located in the center of the
assembly and pull straight up.
4. Pull the bulb outof the socket.
5. Push in a new bulb.
6. Replace the socket into the dome lampassembly.
7. Reconnect the dome lampassembly to the wiring
harness, making sure the connector tab snaps
into place.
1. Turn on the wipers to the low wipe setting.
8. Reposition the dome lamp assembly to the roof, and
gently push the assembly into the base plate.
For any bulb changing procedurenot listed in this
section, contact your dealer service department.
6-41
2. Turn off the ignition while the wipers are at the
outer positions of the wiper pattern. The blades are
more accessible for removalh-eplacement while in
this position.
3. Pull the windshield wiper arm 3 to 4 inches
(7.5 to 10 cm) away from thewindshield.
4. While holding the wiper arm away from the glass,
push the release clip fromunder the blade
connecting point and pull the blade assembly down
toward the glass to remove it from the wiper arm.
5 . Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper arm
until you hear the release clip“click” into place.
For wiper blade replacement length and type, see
“Capacities and Specifications” in the Index.
Tires
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Buick Warranty booklet for details.
6-42
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out anda serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
Underinflated tires pose the same dangeras
overloaded tires. The resultingaccident
could cause serious injury. Check all tires
frequently to maintain therecommended
pressure. Tire pressureshould be checked
when your tiresare cold.
Overinflated tires are morelikely to be cut,
punctured orbroken by a sudden impact
such as when you hit a pothole. Keep tires
at the recommended pressure.
Worn, old tires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tireshave
been damaged, replace them.
--
Inflation
-- Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label, which is on the
inside of the trunk lid, shows the correct inflation
pressures for yourtires when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehicle has been sitting forat least three
hours or driven no morethan 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyonetell you that underinflation or
overinflation is all right. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enough air (underinflation), you can
get the following:
Too much flexing
Too much heat
Tire overloading
Bad wear
Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tireshave too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
Unusual wear
Bad handling
Rough ride
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forgetyour compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radial tires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to put the valve caps back on the valve
stems. They help prevent leaks by keeping out dirt
and moisture.
6-43
Tire Pressure Monitor System(If Equipped)
The tire pressure monitor system can alert you to a large
change in the pressure of one tire. The system “learns”
the pressure at each tire throughout the operating speed
range of your vehicle. The system normally takes
between 45 and 90 minutes of driving tolearn the tire
pressures. This time may be longer depending on your
individual driving habits. Learning need not be
accumulated during a single trip. Once learned, the
system will remember the tire pressures until the system
is recalibrated.
After the system has learned tire pressures with properly
inflated tires, the LOW TIRE light will come on if the
pressure in one tire becomes 12 psi (83 kPa) lower than
the other three tires. The tire pressure monitor system
won’t alert you if the pressure in more than one tire is
low, if the system is not properly calibrated, or if the
vehicle is moving faster than 70 mph (110 k d h ) .
The tirepressure monitor system detects differences
in tire rotation speeds that are caused by changes in
tire pressure. The system can alert you about a low
tire -- but it doesn’t replace normal tire maintenance.
See “Tires” in the Index.
6-44
When the LOW TIRE light comes on, you should stop
as soon as you can and check all your tires for damage.
(If a tire is flat, see“If a Tire Goes Flat” in the Index.)
Also check the tire pressure in all four tires as soon as
you can. See “Inflation - Tire Pressure” in the Index.
The light will come on and stay on until you turn off the
ignition or press the RESET button.
Don’t reset the tire pressure monitor system without first
correcting the cause of the problem and checking and
adjusting the pressure in all four tires. If you reset the
system when the tire pressures are incorrect, the tire
pressure monitor system will not work properly and may
not alert you when a tire is low.
Any time you adjust a tire’s pressure, rotate your tires,
or have one or more tires repaired or replaced, you’ll
need to reset (calibrate) the tire pressure monitor system.
You’ll also need to reset the system whenever you buy
new tires and whenever the vehicle’s battery has been
disconnected.
To reset (calibrate) the system, turn the ignition switch
to RUN. Then press and hold the RESET button for
about fiveseconds.
The red RESET button is
located insideyour
instrument panel fuse block.
(It’s the first button in the
top row of the fuse block.)
The LOW TIRElight will come on and flash three
times. Then itwill go off. If the light doesn’t go off, see
your dealer for service.
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires” and
“Wheel Replacement”later in this section for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
The system completes the calibration process during driving.
The system normally takes 15 to 20 minutes of driving in
each of three speed rangesto “learn” tire pressures.The
speed ranges are 15 to 40 mph (25 to 65 km/h), 40 to
65 mph (65 to 105 km/h) and above 65 mph (105 km/h).
When learning is complete, the system willalert you after
2-8 minutes if a tire is 12 psi (83 kPa) different from the
other three tires. Detection thresholds may be higher
and
detection times may be longeron rough roads, curves and
at high speeds.The system is not capable of detection at
speeds greaterthan 70 mph (110 km/h).
6-45
When rotating your tires, always use the correct
rotation pattern shown here.
Don’t includethe compact sparetire in your
tire rotation.
When It’s Time for New Tires
1
time for new tires is to
check thetreadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
After the tires have been rotated, adjust the front and
rear inflation pressures as shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that all wheel nuts are
properly tightened. See “Wheel Nut Torque” in
the Index.
Rust or dirton a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can make wheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could comeoff and cause
an accident. When you change a wheel, remove
any rust or dirt
from places where the wheel
attaches to thevehicle. In anemergency, you can
use a cloth or a paper towel to do this; but be
sure touse a scraper orwire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rust or dirtoff. (See
“Changing a Flat, Tire” in the Index.)
6-46
1 One way to tell when it’s
You need a new tire if any of the following statements
are true:
0
You can see the indicators at three or more places
around the tire.
0
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
0
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep
enough to show cord or fabric.
0
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size or location
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a Tire Performance Criteria Specification(TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Specnumber. That way
your vehicle will continue to havetires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling,speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace yourtires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as youroriginal tires.
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial andbias-belted tires), thevehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure to use the same
size and type tires on all wheels.
It’s all right to drivewith your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
A CAUTION:
I
If you use bias-ply tires on your
wheel rim flanges could develop cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/orwheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
6-47
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
The followinginformation relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires.The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does
not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to somelimited-production tires.
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tirewhen tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government testcourse. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government courseas a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from thenorm due tovariations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction
-- A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are A, B,
and C, and they represent the tire’s ability to stop
on wet pavement as measured under controlled
conditions onspecified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor
traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire isbased
on braking (straight ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
6-48
Temperature
-- A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest), B, and C,
representing thetire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipate heat when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reducetire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden
tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade forthis tire is
established for a tirethat is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed, underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separatelyor in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehiclewere aligned and balanced
carefully at thefactory to giveyou the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehiclepulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded.If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replace themonly with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to have the
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your
B uick model.
6-49
Used Replacement Wheels
Using the wrong replacement wheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. It could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tireslose air
and make you losecontrol. You could have a
collision in which you or otherscould be injured.
Always use the correctwheel, wheel bolts and
wheel nuts forreplacement.
Putting a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
and cause an accident. If you have to replace a
wheel, use a new GM original equipment wheel.
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlampaim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearanceand tireor tire
chain clearance to the
body and chassis.
If your vehicle has P225/60R16 size tires, don’t
use tire chains. They can damage yourvehicle
because there’s not enough clearance.
NOTICE: (Continued)
See “Changing a Flat Tire” in the Index for
more information.
6-50
NOTICE: (Continued)
Use another type of traction device onlyif its
manufacturer recommends it foruse on your
vehicle and tiresize combination and road
conditions. Followthat manufacturer’s
instructions. To help avoid damage to your
vehicle, drive slowly, readjust orremove the
device if it’s contacting your vehicle, and don’t
spin your wheels.
If you do find traction devices that will fit, install
them on the fronttires.
If you have other tires, use tire chains only where
legal and only when you must. Use onlySAE Class
“S” type chains that arethe proper size for your
tires. Install them on the fronttires and tighten
them as tightly as possible with the ends securely
fastened. Drive slowlyand follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until it
stops. Driving toofast or spinning the wheels with
chains on will damage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flame if you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumes in a closed space.
When you use anything from a containerto clean your
vehicle, be sure to followthe manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaningthe inside.
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
Gasoline
Benzene
Naphtha
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
PaintThinner
Turpentine
LacquerThinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
6-51
Don’t use any of these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will damage your vehicle:
0
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
Using Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner
on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to removeany loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch orwelt lines.
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
3. Mix powdered cleaner following the directions on
the container label to form thick suds.
Use a vacuum cleaner often toget rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge. Don’t
saturate thematerial and don’t rub itroughly.
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-PurposeInterior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and Soil
Remover for cleaning fabric and carpet. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning products from your dealer. (See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Here are somecleaning tips:
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean area
often. A soft brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
0 If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
6-52
5 . As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
6. Wipe cleaned area with a clean, damptowel or cloth.
7 . Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Cleaning Vinyl
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks,
vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled areawith cool water.
2. If a stain remains, follow themulti-purpose interior
cleaner instructions describedearlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaningvomit or urine,
treat the areawith a waterhaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can be removed as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow instructions for
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Then, letthe
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat todry.
For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniturepolish or shoe polish on leather.
Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in
Child Restraint Harness
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containingsilicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to seethrough the windshield
under certain conditions.
Keep the safety belts and the built-in child restraint
harness clean and dry.
Cleaning Interior Plastic Components
I
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning the Built-in Child Restraint
Your built-in child restraint may be cleaned with mild
soap and lukewarm water. Don’t use household cleaners.
They may weaken the harness or damage plastic parts.
The built-in child restraint pad is attached to the child
restraint cushion and seatback with fastener strips. You
can remove the pad, machine wash it in cold water on a
gentle cycleand tumble dry it on alow heat setting.
Never bleach or iron the pad, and don’t dry clean it.
6-54
A CAUTION:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts or the
built-in
child restraint harness.If you do, they may be
severely weakened. In a crash, they might not be
able to provide adequate protection. Clean the
safety belts and the child restraint harness only
with mild soap and lukewarm water.
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust films on
interior glass.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decals on the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners areused on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger elementmay be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running,
wax, sap or other material may be on the blade
or windshield.
Clean the outside of the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon Ami@ Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder), GM Part No. 1050011. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse
it with water.
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Cleanthe blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength windshield
washer solvent. Then rinse the blade with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone grease on weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone grease with a clean cloth at least every six
months. During very cold, dampweather more frequent
application may be required. (See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outsideof Your Vehicle
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehcle’s finish is to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical
detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soaps.
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. (See “Appearance Careand Materials” in the
Index.) Don’t use cleaning agentsthat are petroleum
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed to
dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois oran all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratchesand water spotting.
6-55
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning Exterior LampsLenses
Use lukewarmor cold water, a soft cloth and
a liquid
hand, dish orcar washing (mild detergent) soap to clean
exterior lamps and lenses.
Follow instructions under
‘‘Washing Your Vehicle.”
NOTICE:
Machine compounding or aggressive
polishing on
a basecoatklearcoat paint
finish may ddl the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
Finish Care
salts, ice melting agents, roadoil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicalsfrom industrial chimneys, etc., can
Occasional waxing or mild polishing
of your vehicle by
hand maybe necessary to remove residue from the paint damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicleas soon as possible.If
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
in the Index.)
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
Your vehicle has a “basecoatlclearcoat” paint finish.
The
and chemical fallout that can take their
toll over a period
clearcoat gives more depth and glossthetocolored
of years. You can help to keep
the paint finish loolring
basecoat. Always use waxes and polishes that are
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
non-abrasive and madefor a basecoatklearcoat
whenever possible.
paint finish.
6-56
Cleaning Aluminum or Chrome
Wheels (If Equipped)
Keep your wheels cleanusing a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similarto the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because
you could
damage the surface.You may use chrome polish on
chrome wheels, but avoidany painted surface of the
wheel, and buff off immediately after application.
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tirecleaner.
I NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any overspray or splash from all painted
surfaces on the body or wheelsof the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic carwash
that has silicon carbide tire cleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damagethe surface of these wheels.
6-57
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement, make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debris can collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frameshould be loosened before being flushed.
Your dealer or anunderbody car washing system can do
this for you.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures or deep
scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop intoa major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on yourvehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Sheet Metal Damage
Minor chips and scratches can berepaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer orother service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damagecan be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuellines, frame, floor
pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
6-58
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this falloutcondition within
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
Appearance Care Materials Chart
I
mats
I
1
PART NUMBER
994954
1050172
1050173
1050174
1050214
1050427
1052870
1052918**
1052925
floor
I
I
I
I
USAGE
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
23 in. x 25 in.
Polishing Cloth - Wax Treated
Exterior polishing cloth
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt Tar and
16 02. (0.473 L)
Road Oil Remover
Chrome Cleanerand Polish 16 Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
02. (0.473 L)
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls White Sidewall
oz. (0.473 L)
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
32 oz. (0.946 L)
Glass Cleaner 23
0 2 . (0.680 L)
Removes dirt, grime,
smoke and fingerprints
- I
I
16 0 2 . (0.473 L) Wax
I Wash
Concentrate waxes
I lightly and Cleans
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas plastic,
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Armor All”’ Protectant
rubber and vinvl
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleans carpets, seats, interior trim, door panels
16 oz. (0.473 L)
and
Cleaner
1
I
I
I
T‘,
I
I
6-59
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
IIIIIIIIIIIII 11l1111111111I IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII1111IIIIIIIIIIII
7
Engine Identification
The 8th character in your VIN is the engine code. This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Service Parts Identification Label
.
f -\
ASSEMBLY
ENGINE/l&8
CODE
MODEL YEAR
PLANT
This is the legal identifier for your vehicle. It appears on
a plate in the front corner of the instrument panel, on the
driver’s side. You can see it if you look through the
windshield from outside your vehicle. The VIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificates of title and registration.
You’ll find this label on the inside of the trunk lid. It’s
very helpful if you ever need to order parts. On this
label is:
0
your VIN,
0
the model designation,
0
paint information and
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label is not removed from the vehicle.
6-60
Electrical System
Headlamp Wiring
Add-on Electrical Equipment
The headlamp wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in
the underhood electrical center. An electrical overload
will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in some cases
to remain off. If this happens, have your headlamp
system checkedright away.
1 NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working as
they should.
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical toyour vehicle, see “Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electrical problem, have
it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is too heavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
6-61
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuit breakers
and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself. This
greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by
electrical problems.
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
Some fuses are in a fuse
block on the passenger’s
side of the instrument panel.
Pull off the cover labeled
FUSES to expose the fuses.
6-62
Circuit
Breaker
Description
A
Tire Inflation Monitor Reset Button
(on Regal Grin Sport only)
B
Power Windows/Sunroof
C
Rear Defog
D
Power Seats
Fuse
Description
Fuse
Description
1
Ignition Key Solenoid
24
Stoplamps
4
Ignition Signal -- Hot in RUN and
Start -- PCM, BCMU/H Relay
26
Parking Lamps, Fog Lamps
27
Auxiliary Power Connection (Power
Drop) -- Hot in ACC and RUN
6
Power Mirrors
8
Panel Dimming
28
10
Ignition Signal -- Hot in RUN, Unlock
and Start -- Cluster, Powertrain Control
Module, Body Control Module
Crank Signal -- Body Control Module,
Cluster, Powertrain Control Modules
29
Ignition Signal -- HVAC
Control Head
13
DRL Module
30
Shifter Lock Solenoid
14
Interior Lamps
31
Air Bag
15
Door Locks
32
17
Taillamps, License Lamp
Anti-lock Brake Controls, Body
Control Module
18
Radio
33
Hazard Flashers
19
Heated Mirror
34
Driver’s Heated Seat
20
Cruise Control
36
Ignition Signal -- Hot in ACC and
RUN -- Body Control Module
22
Clusters
37
Anti-lock Brake Solenoids
23
Cigarette Lighter -- Auxiliary Power
Connection (Power Drop),Data Link
38
Low Blower
6-63
--
Description
Underhood Electrical Center Passenger’s Side
39
Anti-lock Brakes
40
Turn Signals, Cornering Lamps
Some fuses and relays are in the underhood electrical
center on the passenger’s sideof the engine compartment.
41
Radio, HVAC Head, Remote Keyless
Entry, Cluster, CEL TEL
42
High Blower
43
Passenger’s Heated Seat
121
44
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
45
Wipers
1
3
)
1
4
)
1
5
)
Fuse
m
(81
1
7
)
[8)
6-64
Fuse
Description
1
Cooling Fan
2
Starter Solenoid
Fuse
3
4
5
Description
Power Seats, Rear Defog,
Heated Seats
High Blower, Hazard Flasher,
Stoplamps, Power Mirror,
Door Locks
Ignition Switch, BTSI, Stoplamps,
ABS, Turn Signals, Cluster,Air Bag,
DRL Module
6
Cooling Fan
7
Interior Lamps, RetainedAccessory
Power, ABS, Keyless Entry, CEL TEL,
Data Link, HVAC Head, Cluster,
Radio, AUX Power (Power Drop),
Cigarette Lighter
8
Relay
Description
9
Cooling Fan 2
10
Cooling Fan 3
11
Starter Solenoid
12
Cooling Fan 1
13
Ignition Main
14
Not Used
15
A/C Clutch
16
Horn
17
Fog Lamps
18
Fuel Pump, Speed Control
19
Fuel Pump
Ignition Switch, Wipers, Radio,
Steering Wheel Controls,Body Control
Module, AUX Power (Power Drop),
Power Windows, Sunroof,HVAC
Controls, DRL, Rear DefogRelay
6-65
Fuse
Description
Fuse
Description
20
Not Used
33
Rear Compartment Release
21
Generator
34
Parking Lamps
22
ECM
35
Fuel Pump
23
A/C Compressor Clutch
36
Headlamp (Left)
24
Not Used
37
Spare
25
Electronic Ignition
38
Spare
26
Transaxle
39
Spare
27
Horn
40
Spare
28
Fuel Injector
41
Spare
29
Oxygen Sensor
42
Spare
30
Engine Emissions
43
Fuse Puller
31
Not Used
32
Headlamp (Right)
SYMBOL
A/C Compressor Clutch Diode
Replacement Bulbs
NumberBulb Lamps
Exterior
Back-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1156
Center High-Mounted Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3155
Front Parking/Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . 4 157NAK
Headlamp, High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9005
Headlamp, Low Beam. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9006
Sidemarker, Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
194
Sidemarker, Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stop/Tail/Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
194
Tail (Applique) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NumberBulb Lamps
Interior
Dome Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9425542
*For service information on these bulbs, contact your
dealer service department.
Capacities and Specifications
4T65E:
Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal andReplacement . . . . 7.4 quarts (7 L)
After Complete Overhaul . . . . . . . 10 quarts (9.5 L)
When drainingheplacingconverter; more fluid will
be needed.
Cooling System Including Reservoir
3.8L (Code K) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.3 quarts (11.6 L)
3.8L (Code 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.3 quarts (11.6 L)
Refrigerant (R-l34a),
AirConditioning* . . . . . . . . . . 1.88 lbs. (0.85 kg)
*See “Air
Conditioning Refrigerants ”later
in
this section.
Engine Crankcase
Oil and Filter Change . . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.3 L)
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N-m)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17 gallons (64 L)
Wiper Blade Lengths
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hook
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22 inches (56 cm)
Note: All capacities are approximate. When adding, be
sure to fill to the approximate level,as recommended in
this manual. See “Recommended Fluidsand
Lubricants” in the Index.
Engine Specifications
3.8L (Code 1)
(Code
3.8L
K)
V6 ......................
V6
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23 1 CID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 1 CID
Displacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Firing Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6-5-4-3-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6-5-4-3-2
Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . . . . 195°F(91°C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195°F (91°C)
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .240 0 5200 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 0 5200
Vehicle Dimensions
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109.0 inches (276.9 cm)
Tread (Front) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.1 inches (157.7 cm)
Tread (Rear) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.2 inches ( 155.4 cm)
Overall Length . . . . . . . . . . . 196.2 inches (498.4 cm)
Overall Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.7 inches (184.5 cm)
Overall Height . . . . . . . . . . . . 56.6 inches (143.8 cm)
6-68
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A 1208C
PassengerCompartmentAirFilter . . . . 10406026
Battery
3.8L (Code K) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 690 CCA
3.8L (Code 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 770 CCA
Engine Oil Filter
All Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF47
PCV Valve
All Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type CV892C
Radiator Cap
All Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type RC27
RKE Batteries . . . . . Type CR2032 (2) or equivalent
Spark Plugs
3.8L (Code K) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 4 1-92 1
Gap: 0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
3.8L (Code 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 41-921
Gap: 0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioningsystem in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is used.
If you’re not sure, ask your dealer.
6-69
b
6-70
NOTES
n
Section 7 Maintenance Schedule
This section covers the maintenance required for
your vehicle. Your vehicle needs these services to
retain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-4
7- 14
7- 14
7- 14
7- 15
7- 15
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Envlronment
How This Section is Organized
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Servlces
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
At Each Fuel Fill
At Least Once a Month
At Least Twice a Year
At Least Once a Year
7-18
7- 18
7-18
7-18
7-18
7-18
7-19
7-20
Part C: Periodic MaintenanceInspections
Steering, Suspensionand Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Exhaust SystemInspection
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Throttle SystemInspection
Brake SystemInspection
Part D: Recommended Fluidsand Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-1
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
1
Plan
Have you purchased the Ghl Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements Elour new vehicle warranties. Seeyour
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet, or your
Buick
dealer for details.
7-2
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air webreathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is divided into five parts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what to have done andhow often. Some of these
services can be complex, so unless you are technically
qualified and have thenecessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or another qualified
service center do these jobs.
I
I
Performing maintenancework on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do
some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the requiredknow-how
and the propertools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, havea qualified
technician do thework.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells
you what should be checked and when. It also explains
what you can easily do to helpkeep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Part C: Periodic MaintenanceInspections”
explains important inspections that your dealer’s service
department or anotherqualified service center
should perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
lists some recommendedproducts to help keep your
vehicle properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, should be used whether you do the work
yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” provides a place
for you to record the maintenance performed on your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is performed, be
sure to write it down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition, it is a good idea to keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
If you are skilled enough to do some work on your
vehicle, you will probably want to get the service
information. See “Service and Owner Publications”
in the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to helpyou keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it. You may drive very short
distances only a few times aweek. Or you may drive
long distances allthe time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries. Or
you may drive it to work, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need
more frequent checksand replacements than you’ll find
in the schedules in this section. So please read this
section and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehiclein good
condition, seeyour dealer.
7-4
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to yourdealer for yourservice needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in Part
D. Make surewhoever services your vehicle uses these.
All parts should be replaced and all necessary repairs
done before you or anyone else drivesthe vehicle.
This schedule is forvehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
The services shown in this scheduleup to 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)should be performed after 100,000miles
shown
(166 000 km) at the same intervals. The services
at 150,000 miles (240 000 km)should be performed at
the same interval after150,000 miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services”and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
The U.S. Environmental ProtectionAgency or the
California Air Resources Boardhas determined thatthe
failure to perform this maintenance itemwill not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recallliability prior to the
completion of the vehicle’s useful life.We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance servicesbe
performed at the indicated intervals and the maintenance
be recorded.
* Your vehicle has an Engine Oil LifeMonitor. This
monitor will show you when to changethe engine oil
and filter -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km)
and 7,500 miles (12 500 km) since yourlast oil change.
Under severe conditions, the indicatormay come on
before 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle
more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12months
without an oil and filter change.
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So if you drive
in a dusty area, be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles (5 000 km)or sooner if the CHANGE
OIL SOON light comes
on. Remember toreset the Oil
Life Monitor when the oil has been changed. For more
information, see “Change Oil Soon Light” in
the Index.
+ A good time to check your brakes
is during tire
rotation. See “Brake System Inspection” under“Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” inPart C of this schedule.
7-5
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
7,500 Miles (12 500 knt)
0 Check Oil LifeMonitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Sewice. (See footnote *.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,
reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Sewice. (See footnote *.)
0 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace filter
if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnotet.)
0 Replace passenger compartment air filter.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
DATE
I SERVICEDBY: I
I
SERVICED BY:
Maintenance Schedule
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
30,000 Miles (50000 km)
DATE
17 Check
Oil LifeMonitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service.(See footnote *,)
0 Replace passenger compartment airfilter.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damage
or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket
for any damage. Replaceparts as needed.
An Emission Control Service.(See footnote?.)
0 For supercharged engines only: Checkthe supercharger oil leveland add oil as
needed (or every36 months, whichever occurs first).See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in this section.
An Emission Control Service.(See footnote?.)
7-7
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
DATE
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed, reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil”in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed, reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0 Inspect air cleaner filterif you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace filter
if necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote“f)
0 Replace passenger compartment air filter.
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
DATE
MILEAGE
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one ormore of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32°C) or higher.
7-8
MILEAGE
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you donot use your vehicle under anyof these conditions,the fluid and
filter donot require changing.
-
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
DATE
I
Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
Replace passenger compartment airfilter.
ACTUAL
(Continued)
7-9
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
60,000 Miles (100 000 km) (Continued)
0 For supercharged engines only: Check the supercharger oil level and add oil as
needed (or every 36 months, whichever occurs first). See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in this section.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fuel tank, cap and lines for damageor leaks. Inspect fuel capgasket
for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
Oil”
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed, reset monitor. See
“Engine
the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
7-10
MILEAGE
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
75,000 Miles (I25 000 km)
DATE
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed, reset monitor. See ACTUAL
MILEAGE
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
SERVICED BY:
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0 Inspect air cleanerfilter if you are drivingin dusty conditions. Replace filterif
necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote“f)
0 Replace passenger compartment air filter.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Indexfor proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
82,500 Miles (I37 500 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engineoil and filter are changed, reset monitor. See
Oil”
“Engine
the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation”in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
MILEAGE
I DATE
90,000 Miles (I50000 km)
1
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil andfilter are changed, reset monitor.
See “EngineOil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
(Continued)
7-13
I
MaintenanceSchedule
1
90,000 Miles (150 000 km) (Continued)
0 Replace passenger compartment air filter.
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Inspect fueltank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel capgasket
for any damage. Replaceparts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
0 For supercharged engines only: Check the supercharger oillevel and add oil as
needed (or every 36 months, whichever occurs first). See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in this section.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed, reset monitor.
See “Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
17 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
7-12
DATE
MILEAGE
I
1
MaintenanceSchedule
I
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
0 Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Change automatic transaxle fluidand filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or moreof these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperatureregularly reaches 90°F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter do not require changing.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
DATE
-
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
1
SERVICEDBY:
I DATE
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (orevery 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first).See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Cleanradiator, condenser, pressure capand neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-13
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
Listed below are owner checksand services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the engine coolant leveland add DEX-COOL’
coolant mixture if necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for furtherdetails.
Be sure any necessary repairs arecompleted at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants areadded to your
vehicle, make surethey are the proper ones, as shown
in PartD.
At Each Fuel Fill
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid levelin the
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluid if
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index
for furtherdetails.
At Least Once a Month
It is important for you or a service station attendant to
peform these underhood checks at each fuel fill.
Tire Inflation Check
Engine Oil Level Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correctpressures. See
“Tires” in the Index for further details.
Check the engine oillevel and add the proper oil if
necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
7-14
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck.Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems”in the
Index for furtherdetails.
At Least Twicea Year
Automatic Transaxle Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transaxle” in the Index. A fluid loss
Make sure the safety belt reminder lightand all your
may indicate a problem. Check the systemand repair
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are if needed.
working properly. If your vehiclehas a built-in child
At Least Once a Year
restraint, also periodically make sure the harness straps,
latch plates, buckle, clip, retractorsand anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose or damaged Key Lock CylindersService
safety belt and built-in child restraint system parts.If
Lubricate the key lock cylinders with the lubricant
you see anythingthat might keep a safety belt or built-in
specified in Part D.
child restraint system from doing job,
its have it
Body Lubrication Service
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts or harness
straps replaced.
Lubricate all hinges and latches including those forthe
Restraint System Check
Also look forany opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repairedor replaced. (The air bagsystem
does not need regular maintenance.)
body doors, hood,rear compartment, glove boxdoor,
console door and any folding seat hardware.Part D tells
you what to use. More frequent lubrication may be
required when exposed to a corrosive environment.
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiperblades for wear or cracking. Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see“Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
7-15
Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock (BTSI) Check
Starter Switch Check
L
L
CAUIION:
I
1
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in the Index if necessary) and the
regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal, and be
ready to turn off the engine immediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
If the starterworks in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
7-16
A CAUTUN:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly. Ifit does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sure you have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake”
in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regular brake
immediately if the vehicle begins to move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’t start the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI
needs service.
-
Ignition TransaxleLock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set,try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
0
The key should come out only in LOCK.
Parking Brake andAutomatic TransaxlePARK (P)
Mechanism Check
1AC
A
UTION:
When you are doing this check, your vehicle
could begin to move. You or otherscould be
injured and propertycould be damaged. Make
sure thereis room in frontof your vehicle in case
it begins to roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake atonce should the vehicle begin to move.
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake,
set the parking brake.
To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the engine running and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressure from the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then
release all brakes.
Underbody Flushing Service
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
7-17
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
build-up in the floor pan or could let exhaust fumesinto
the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust” inthe Index.
Listed below are inspections and services which should be
performed at least twice a year (for instance, each spring
and fall). You should let your dealer’s service department
or other qualij?ed service centerdo these jobs. Make sure
any necessary repairs are completedat once.
Proper procedures to perform theseservices may be
found in a service manual. See “Service and Owner
Publications” in the Index.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Inspect the hoses and have them replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspectall pipes, fittings
and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside of the
radiator and air conditioning condenser.To help ensure
proper operation, a pressure testof the cooling system and
pressure cap is recommended at least once a year.
Throttle System Inspection
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle Inspect the throttle system
for interference or binding, and for
Boot and Seal Inspection
damaged or missing parts. Replace parts
as needed. Replace
Inspect the front and rear suspension and steering system
for damaged, looseor missing parts, signsof wear or lack
of lubrication. Inspect the power steering lines and hoses
for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Clean and then inspect the drive axle boot seals for
damage, tears or leakage. Replace seals
if necessary.
any components that have high effort
or excessive wear.Do
not lubricate accelerator and cruise control cables.
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and
hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks,
chafing, etc. Inspect disc brake pads for wearand rotors
Exhaust System Inspection
for surfacecondition. Inspect other brake parts,
Inspect the complete exhaust system. Inspect the body near including calipers, parking brake, etc. Checkparking
brake adjustment. You may need to have your brakes
the exhaust system. Lookfor broken, damaged, missingor
inspected more often if your driving habits or conditions
out-of-position parts as well as open seams, holes, loose
result in frequent braking.
connections or other conditions which could cause a heat
7-18
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below
by name, part
number or specification may be obtained from your dealer.
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine Oil with the American
Petroleum InstituteCertified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
50/50 mixture of clean water
(preferably distilled) and use only
GM Goodwrench@ DEX-COOL@
or Havoline@ DEX-COOL@
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index.
Hydraulic Brake Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. I2377967 or
System
equivalent DOT-3 Brake Fluid).
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRON@-I11Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Pu oseLubricant,
Superlube% (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Supercharger
Supercharger Oil (GM Part
No. 12345982). See “Supercharger
Oil” in the Index.
Windshield
Washer Solvent
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or
equivalent.
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary
Latch, Pivots,
Spring Anchor
and Release
Pawl
Lubriplate@Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-Pu oseLubricant,
SuperlubeT$ (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning;
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
@
Power Steering
System
GM Power Steering Fluid (GM
Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
7-19
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed, record the
date, odometerreading and who performed the service
in theboxes provided after the maintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checksand
Services” or“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the following record pages. Also, you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to store them.
Maintenance Record
7-20
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-21
Maintenance Record
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
--
7-22
Maintenance Record
7-23
Maintenance Record
READING
DATE
7-24
I ODOMETER I
SERVICED BY
I
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
I
Maintenance Record
DATE
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
7-25
I
1
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-26
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Section 8 Customer Assistance Information
Here you will find out how to contact Buick if you need assistance. This section also tells you how to obtain service
publications and how to report any safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
Roadside Assistance
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Courtesy Transportation
GM Participation in an Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
8-8
8-8
8-9
8-9
8-9
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting Safety Defects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General Motors
Ordering Service and Owner Publications
in Canada
8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Buick dealers havethe facilities, trained technicians and
up-to-date information to promptly address any
concerns you may have. However, if a concern has not
been resolved to your complete satisfaction, take the
following steps:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concernwith a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewedwith the sales, service or
parts
manager, contact theowner of the dealership orthe
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Buick Customer Relations Center by calling
1-800-521 -7300.In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centrein Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
For help outside of the United States and Canada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
0
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-75 1-4135
(English) or 1-800-751-4136 (Spanish)
Inthe Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0122
In all other Caribbean countries: (809) 763- 1315
In other overseas locations, call GM Overseas
Distribution Corporation in Canada at:
(905) 644-4112.
8-3
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information available to givethe Customer
Assistance Representative:
0
Your name, address, home and business
telephone numbers
0
0
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the top left of the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
0
Nature of concern
0
We encourage you to call us so we can give your inquiry
prompt attention. However, if you wish to write
Buick, address your inquiry to:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-4
Refer toyour Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for addresses of GM
Overseas offices.
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
the dealer’s facilities, equipment and personnel. That
is why we suggest you follow Step Onefirst if you
have a concern.
Customer Assistance for Text
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf,hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Buick has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY users in
Canada can dial1-800-263-3830.)
Roadside Assistance
Our commitment to Buick owners has always included
superior service through our network of over 2,800 Buick
dealers. Buick Premium Roadside Assistance provides an
extra measure of convenience and security.
BUICK PREMIUM ROADSIDEASSISTANCE:
Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles.Although Roadside
Assistance isnot a repair facility, it is a means of
assisting customers in an emergency situation.
Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by
providing easy access to service professionals trained
to work with Buick owners, 24hours a day, 365 days
a year, including weekendsand holidays.
Buick MotorDivision is proud tooffer Buick Premium
Roadside Assistance to customers for
vehicles covered
under the 3 year/36,000 mile (60 000 km) new car
warranty (whichever occurs first).
For details on Buick Premium RoadsideAssistance,
please consult your BuickPremium Roadside Assistance
owner booklet included with your
owner’s manual. For
needed assistance, call the Buick Premium Roadside
Assistance toll-free hotline: 1-800-252- 1112.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistanceprogram accessible from anywhere
in Canada or the United States. Pleaserefer to the
separate brochure provided by the dealer or call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
8-5
Courtesy Transportation
To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service -- and
service means “keeping you on the road.”
Included with your Buick new car warranty
(3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km), whichever occurs
first), is Courtesy Transportation, a program which
will provide Buick retail and lease customers with:
Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy
of Buick Motor Division, up to $30 a day (five
days maximum) for vehicles requiring overnight
warranty repairs. Also, reimbursement up to $30 a
day (five daysmaximum) may be available for the
cost of a rental car, bus or evena cab.
0
A free one-way shuttle ride or vehicle pick-up from a
location up to 10 miles (16 km) from the dealership
is available for those whose vehicle only requires
same day warranty repairs.
NOTE: All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by your Buick dealer
service management.
Courtesy Transportation is Buick’s way of extending the
Premium Service you’ve come to expect from Buick
and its over 2,800 dealers. Please review the Courtesy
Transportation glove box card contained in your vehicle
or consult your Buick dealer for details.
8-6
Because of uncertain availability, it isfrequently not
possible to provide customers with the same model
loaner vehicle (including optional equipment) asthe
vehicle the customer owns orleases and has brought in
for warranty repair. If a loaner vehicle is required, please
consult your dealership for completeprogram details
and loaner caravailability in your area.
Some state insurance regulations make it impractical
to rent vehicles to people under 21 years of age. If you
are under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle, Buick
will reimburse you up to $30/day, for any documented
transportation you receive. Please consultyour dealer
for details.
For warranty repairs during the Complete Vehicle
Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
interim transportation may be available under the
Courtesy Transportation program. Please consult your
dealer fordetails. The Courtesy Transportation program
is available only in the United States and Canada.
In Canada, please consult your GM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
Buick reserves the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Courtesy Transportation program at
any timewithout notification.
GM Participation in an Alternative
Dispute Resolution Program
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Canadian ownersrefer to your Warranty
and Owner Assistance Information booklet for
information on the Canadian MotorVehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP). General Motors reserves theright to
change eligibility limitations and/or to discontinue
its
participation in this program.
Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committed
to making sureyou are completely satisfied with
your new vehicle. Our experience has shownthat,
if a situation arises whereyou feel your concern
has not been adequately addressed, the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure described earlierin this
section is very successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third party
can assist in arriving at a solution toa disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs or interpretation of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Buick voluntarily participates in BBB
AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better BusinessBureau system to
settle automotive disputes. Thisprogram is available
free of charge to customers who currently own or lease a
GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after following the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure,you may contact the BBB using
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203- 1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
To file a claim,you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
and a statementof the nature of your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
other factors.
8-7
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure beforeyou resort to AUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaintserving as an intermediary. If
this mediation is unsuccessful, an informal hearing will
be scheduled where eligible customers may present their
case to an impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire disputeresolution
procedure should ordinarily take about 40 days from the
time you file a claim until a decision ismade.
Some statelaws may require you to usethis program
before filing a claim with a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts. For further information,
contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5 100 or the Buick Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-521-7300.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separate warranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could
cause a crash or could cause injuryor death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, itmay open an
investigation, and if it findsthat a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
8-8
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect,you should immediately notify
Transport Canada,in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited. You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, OntarioK 1G 352
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In Canada, please callus at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L l H 8P7
Ordering Service and Owner
Publications in Canada
Service manuals, owner’s manuals and other service
literature are availablefor purchase for all current and
past model General Motors vehicles.
The toll-free telephone number for ordering information
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this, we certainly hope you’ll notify
us. Please call us at 1-800-52 1-7300,
or write:
Buick MotorDivision
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
8-9
1998 BUCK SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERINGINFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation
and servicing of your vehiclecan be purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book
and mailing it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 1998 BUICK
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals havethe diagnosis and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$90.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publications are written directly for Owners and
intended to provide basic operational information about the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule forall models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual provides information on unit repair service
procedures, adjustmentsand specifications for the
1998 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $40.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio,Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins givetechnical service informarlon needed
to knowledgeably service General Motors cars
and trucks.
Each bulletin contains instructions to assist
in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAILTO:
Helm, Incorporated P.O. Box 07130 Detroit, MI 48207
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$10.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles.To request an order form, please
specify year and model nameof the vehicle.
OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:OO AM - 6:OO PM Eastern Time
For Credit Card Orders Only (VISA-Mastercard-Discover)
ORDER TOLL FREE
Orders will be mailed within
10 days of receipt. Please allowade uate time for postal
service. If further information is needed, write to the address sghown below or call
1-800-782-4356.
Material
cannot
be returned
for
credit
without
packing
slip
with
return
information w!thln 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against
the
original
order.
VEHICLE MODEL
TOTAL
PRICE
ITEM DESCRIPTION
PRlC
YEAR
EACH"
(NOTE: For CreditCard Holders Only)
1-800-782-4356
(Monday-Friday 8:OO AM - 6:OO PM EST)
FAX Orders
Only
1-313-865-5927
AME
11
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
I
I
Service Manual
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
9
9
1998
$90.00
1998
$40.00
Owner's Manual In Portfolio
a
Owner's Manual Without Portfolio
G
M
S
H
I
P
(STATE)
URE
T
0
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please
provide dealer or company name,
and also the
name of the person to whose attentionthe shipment shouldbe sent.
Mail completed order form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED P.O. Box 07130 Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outside U.S.A. please writeto the above address for quotation.
~
(CUSTOMER'S
NAME)
(STREET
ADDRESS-NO
-
-(AlTENTION)
P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(ZIP CODE)
(CITY)
NO.
TELEPHONE
DAYTIME
CUSTOMER
L
GM-BUI-ORD98
I
CODE
1
1
AREA
*(Prices are subject to change withoutnotice and withoutincurring
obligation. Allow ampletime for delivery.)
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Check or Money
Order payable to
Helm,Inc. (USA funds
only do not send cash.)
1 I MATERIAL
TOTAL
I
-
VISA
Michigan Purchasers
add 6% sales tax
I
$5.00
Canadian Postage
(See Note Below)
I
mU I I IumCIn
Discover
Account
Number:
I
US. Order
Processing
Mastercard
0
0
I
Expiration
Date mo/yr:
GRAND TOTAL
L
mm
Check here if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
_
_
_
_
~
J
Note to Canadian Customers: Alllisted prices are quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payablein U S . funds. To cover Canadian postage,add $11.50 plus the
U S . order processing.
$&
8-12
NOTES
Section 9 Index
Accessory Power Receptacle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-52
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . 6-3
Air Bag
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.21. 1-22
1.21.2.60
Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
1-23
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
When Should it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-17
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.3.6.3.9
6-69
Air Conditioning Refrigerants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm. Instant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 12
Alignment and Balance. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-46
Aluminum or Chrome Wheels. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and Compact Disc Player
3-20
with Automatic Tone Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player and Automatic
3-16
Tonecontrol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Antenna
Backglass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-31
FixedMast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-31
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-23
Anti-Lock
Brake System Active Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.63.4.9
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.62. 4.7
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
4-9
Using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-25
Anti-Theft, Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appearancecare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-51
Appearance Care Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-59
8-7
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
Astroroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-53
Audio Controls, Steering Wheel Touch Control . . . . . . . 3-28
Audio Equipment, Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-29
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12
Audio Systems, Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-29
Auto-Down Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Automatic
2-42
Headlamp Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive (a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24, 2-25
Power Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
Transaxlecheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-15
Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-20
2-22
Transaxle Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transaxle PARK (P) Mechanism Check . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
9-1
.
9-2
Cigarette Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
Circuit Breakers and Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60
Cleaner. Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-17
Cleaning
Aluminum or Chrome Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-57
Built-in Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Built-in Child Restraint Harness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
Glass Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
Inside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-52
Instrumentpanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-54
6-54
Interior Plastic Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-53
Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Special Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
6-57
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-54
Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Cleaning Exterior LampsLenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-56
Clock. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
3-2
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3 1
Compact Disc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compact Disc Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
3-3 1
Compact Disc Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compact Disc Player Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-37
2-49
Console Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control. Loss of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4- 16
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
Coolant
Bleedvalve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23
RecoveryTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Coolant Heater.Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-20
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-17
Courtesy Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-44
Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38
CruiseLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
Cupholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49.2-50
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone Users . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
8-2
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Damage. Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Damage. Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-42
DeadBattery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
Defects. Reporting Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Defensive Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Defogger. Rear Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-11
Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.3-6. 3-10
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.3.6. 3.10
Delayed Entry Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-45
Delayed Exit Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Dimensions. Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-66
Dolby@B Noise Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.16.3.19. 3.23
6-41
Dome Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
9-3
Door/Trunk Ajar Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
2-76
Driver Information Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1- 11
Driver Selectable Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Driving
4-22
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-23
InaBlizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-29
InForeignCountries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
4-19
IntheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-17
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
On Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
On Snow or Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-28
Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
WetRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
4-27
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-38
4-3
Drunken Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate Control . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Dual ComforTemp Climate Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Coolant Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-20
Coolant Level Check ..........................
7-14
Coolant Temperature Gage .....................
2-67
Coolant Temperature Light .....................
2-67
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
6-60
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-14
OilLevelCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
2-32
Running While Parked . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-68
Starting Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-19
Engineoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-12
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14
6-16
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Supercharger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-19
Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
6-15
What Kind to Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Whentochange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
4-11
Enhanced Traction System ........................
Enhanced Traction System Active Light . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-66
Enhanced Traction System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
6-5
Ethanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-31
Exhaust. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exterior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
Electrical Equipment, Adding . . . . . 2-20. 2-52. 3-29, 6-61
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
6-10, 6-11
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-23
F a b r i c Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
FillingYourTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Filter, Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-17
Filter. Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-16
9-4
Filter. Passenger Compartment Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 18
6-56
Finishcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finish Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-58
First Gear. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-26
Flashers. HazardWarning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Flat Tire. Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26
Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-19
6-5..
Foreign Countries. Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
FrenchLanguageManual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front Parking and Turn Signal Lamp Bulb Replacement 6-37
FrontTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-11
6-3
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4, 6-5
Canadian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filling Your Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Gage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-75
InForeign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-5
Fuses and Circuit Breakers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-62
Frangais
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . '2-67
2-75
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GAWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Gear Positions. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
GloveBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-49
4-32
Gross Axle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Guide en
GVWR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Halogen Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-34
Hazard Warning Flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
Head Restraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Headlamps
Aiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-35
Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-34
Flash-to-Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-36
HighLow Beam Changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-35
OnReminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
6-61
Wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hearing Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Heated Foldaway Outside Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Heatedseat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.3.6.3.10
2-35
High-Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Highway Hypnosis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Hill and Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Hitches. Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Hood
Checking Things Under . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-8
Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Horn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
Hydroplaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-21
Ignition Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
2-44
Illuminated Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-40
Inflation. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
9-5
Inspections
Brakesystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-18
Exhaust Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7- 18
Front Drive Axle Boot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7- 18
Front Drive Axle Seal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
7- 18
Radiator and Heater Hose ......................
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
Suspension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
Throttle System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1 8
InstrumentPanel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-55
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-51
Cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-56.2-57
FuseBlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-62
Instrument Panel Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Interior Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-44
Jack. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . 5.26.5.28.5.30.5.31.5.32.5.33
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
7-15
K e y Lock Cylinders Service .....................
Key Reminder Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
2-2
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Labels
Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
Service Parts Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
Tire-Loading Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 1
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-58
9-6
Lamps
Cornering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Dome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Fog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-44
2-44
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Reading. Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
Leaving Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-29
Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
Lights
Air Bag Readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21, 2-60
Anti-Lock Brake System Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-63, 4-9
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-62, 4-7
BrakeSystemWarning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-61
ChangeOilSoon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-73
Charging System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-60
Cruise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-74
2-75
Door/Trunk Ajar Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Coolant Temperature Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-67
Enhanced Traction System Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Enhanced Traction System Warning. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Interior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-44
Low Coolant Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.68,6.26
2-75
LowFuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.72,6.12
Low Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LowTire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-68
LowTraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-66
Low Washer Fluid Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.37,2.74
Oilwarning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-71
Performance Shift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.26.2.74
Safety Belt Reminder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7.2.59
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-73
Service Engine Soon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-69
Service Vehicle Soon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-74
Traction Control System Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Traction Control System Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64
Loading YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
Locks
Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
DelayedLocking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-8
2-4
Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ignition Transaxle Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
7- 15
Key Lock Cylinder Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lockout Protection Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
ManualDoor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
PowerDoor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
Programmable Automatic Power Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
2-6
Rear-Door Child Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trunk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
2-33
Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loss of Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4- 16
Low Coolant Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.68.6.26
LowFuelLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-75
Low Oil Level Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.72.6.12
2-68
Low Tire Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Low Traction Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-66
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.37. 2-74
2-35
Low-Beam Headlamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-19
Lubricants and Fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubrication Service. Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7- 15
M a g n e t i c Variable Effort Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Maintenance. Normal Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-69
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-20
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-5
How it’s Organized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-14
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Your Vehicle and the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Maintenance Schedule. Recommended
7-19
Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance. Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-58
Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
Malfunction Indicator Lamp ......................
2-69
Manual
Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Front Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Manual Single Zone Climate Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
Electrochromic Daymight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Inside Daymight Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Power Outside Foldaway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-48
VisorVanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-51
MMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
9-7
Mountain Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-25
2-34
Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-50
N e t . Trunk Convenience ........................
Neutral.AutomaticTransaxle .....................
2-24
New Vehicle “Break-In” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 17
Nightvision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
2-16 Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I1
Odometer. Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Off-Road Recovery .............................
4- 14
Oil. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Oil Life Monitor ........................
2-78. 6-16. 7-5
Oil Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-71
OnStar System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-54
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.24.2.25
Overdrive
Overheating Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Owner Publications. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
(a).
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Park
Automatic Transaxle ....................
Shifting Into ...........................
Shifting Out of .........................
9-8
. . . . . 6-58
. . . . . 2-23
. . . . . 2-28
. . . . . 2-30
Parking
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-15
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-27
Brake Mechanism Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-15
Over Things That Burn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
4-40
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passenger Compartment Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Passing
*.h*
.
.
.
.
.
.
...............................
PASS-Key
Performance Shift Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26, 2-74
Performance Shifting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
Power
2-53
Auxiliary Connection ..........................
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
6-61
Option Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
RetainedAccessory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Seat (Six-Way) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
Steering . . . . . ...............................
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-27
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
2-48
Outside Mirrors ..............................
Pregnancy. Use of Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
Problems on the Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
Publications. Service and Owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
Publications. Service and Owner. Ordering in Canada . . . 8-9
Radiator. Adding Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-22
6-27
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-29
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-13
Rain. Driving In . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4- 19
Rainy Weather Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-21
Reading Lamps. Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
Rear
Door Child Security Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-26
Safety Belt Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-29
1-26
Seatpassengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Window Defogger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3- 11
Rear Seat Pass-Through Trunk ....................
2-50
Rear Seat Pass-Through Trunk Cushion Cupholders . . . 2-50
Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46. 2-47
Electrochromic Daymight ......................
2-47
Inside Daymight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
2-46
Reading Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reclining Front Seatbacks .........................
1-4
Recovery Tank. Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
Refrigerants. Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-67
Remote
Activation Illumination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Keyless Entry. Operation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
.
Keyless Entry Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 14
Replacement. Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-67
Replacement. Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-67
Replacement. Wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Reporting Safety Defects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Restraints
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-66
Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-66
Systemcheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-15
1-51
Restraints. Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Retained Accessory Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
2-23
Reverse. Automatic Transaxle .....................
Right Front Passenger Position ....................
1.19
Roadside Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Roadside Assistance. Canadian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-38
Rotation. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-43
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-32
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-33
Driver Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-65
How to Wear Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Incorrect Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14, 1-64
LapBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-32
Lap-Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1- 11, 1-26, 1-63
Larger Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-63
Questions and Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Rear Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-29
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
Rear Seat Passengers ..........................
1-26
9-9
Stains. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
Starter Switch Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-16
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2- 19
Steam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Steering
4- 13
in Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Magnetic Variable Effort ” .....................
4- 12
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
TILT-WHEEL” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-34
4-12
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steering Wheel Touch Controls. Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-28
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
Storage. Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-33
Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-38
Sunvisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-51
v
Symbols. Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Synchronization. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 14
Tachometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Tail/Stop/Turn Signal Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . 6-39
TapePlayerCare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-30
3.2.3-5. 3-7
TemperatureControl .....................
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
3-25
Theft-Deterrent Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Theft-Deterrent System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2- 16
THEFTLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-25
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-27
Third Gear. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
TILT-WHEELTMAdjustableSteering Column . . . . . . . . 2-34
Time. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 12
TM
6-44
Tire Pressure Monitor System .....................
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
Alignment and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
BuyingNew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Changing a Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
Compact Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-37
6-43
Inflation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inflation Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-14
Inspection and Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-45
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
Storing the Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-35
Storing the Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-36
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-49
Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Treadwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
Uniform Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
6-46
Wear Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
6-46
When It’s Time for New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-56
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TorqueLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-30
5-34. 6.43
Torque. Wheel Nut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Towing Your Vehicle .............................
5-8
Traction Control System (3800 Supercharged Engine) . . . 4-9
Traction Control System Active Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Traction Control System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-64
9-11
Trailer
BackingUp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Driving on Grades ............................
4-39
Drivingwith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Engine Cooling When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
Following Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-37
If You Decide to Pull A ........................
4-34
Maintenance When Towing .....................
4-40
MakingTurns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-39
ParkingonHills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
Passing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4- 38
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-37
Tongueweight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-36
4-36
Total Weight on Tires ..........................
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Turnsignals .................................
4-39
Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4- 35
When You Are Ready to Leave After Parking on a Hill 4-40
Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Transmitters, Remote-Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9, 2- 12
Transportation, Courtesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-6
Trip, Before Leaving on a Long . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Trunk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-14
Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-15
Rear Seat Pass-Through . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-50
9-12
Trunk Convenience Net ..........................
2-50
Trunk Lid Applique Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-40
TTYUsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-4
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
2-35
Turn Signal On Chime ...........................
Turn SignalMultifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Twilight Sentinel ...............................
2-43
Two-way Manual Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Underbody Flushing Service .....................
7-17
Underbody Maintenance .........................
6-58
Underhood Electrical Center (Passenger’s Side) . . . . . . . 6-64
Vehicle
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
DamageWarnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-68
Identification Number .........................
6-60
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-33
Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v
Ventilation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
VisorVanity Mirrors ............................
2-51
2-51
Visors, Sun . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
w a r n i n g Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59
Warranty Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
Washing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
6-55
Weatherstrips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheel
Alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-46
5-34. 6-43
NutTorque .............................
Replacement .................................
6-47
Used Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-48
WindowLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Auto-Down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Windshield Washer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.37.6.28
Fluid Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-14
Windshield Wipers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
6-41
Blade Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-61
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-27
WiperBladeCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-15
Wiring. Headlamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-59
WreckerTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
9-13
Service Station Checkpoints
WINDSHIELD
WASHER FLUID
P6-28
ENGINE OIL
DIPSTICK
P6-13
SECONDARY
HOOD RELEASE
P6-9
ENGINE COOLANT
RECOVERY TANK
P5-19 AND P6-26
REMOTE POSITIVE
BATTERY TERMINAL
P5-5
/
TI RES
I1 I
I
P \\
HOOD
RELEASE
P6-9
FUEL
DOOR
P6-6
For detailed information, refer to the page number listed, or see the Index in the back of the owner’s manual.
9-14
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