Craftsman | 917.25480 | Operator`s manual | Craftsman 917.25480 Operator`s manual

Operator's Manual
CRAFTSMAN
°
LAW
TRACTOR
21.0 HR* 42" Mower
Electric Start
Automatic Transmission
Model No.
917.25480
I
This product has a low emission engine which operates
I
differently from previously built engines. Before you start the
engine, read and understand this Owner's Manual.
I
IMPORTANT:
Read and follow all Safety
Rules and Instructions before
operating this equipment.
SEARS, ROEBUCK AND CO., HOFFMAN ESTATES, IL 60179 U.S.A.
Visit our Craftsman website:www.sears.com/craftsman
433231
*As rated by the engine manufacturer
Warranty ..................................................
Safety Rules ............................................
Product Specifications .............................
Assembly/Pre-Operation
.........................
Operation .................................................
CRAFTSMAN
Maintenance Schedule ..........................
Maintenance ..........................................
Service and Adjustments .......................
Storage ..................................................
Troubleshooting .....................................
2
3
6
7
9
16
16
21
27
28
FULL WARRANTY
TWO YEARS ON RIDING EQUIPMENT
Also, when operated and maintained according to all supplied instructions, Warranty wilt
also cover defects in material and workmanship of the Frame and Front Axle for five years
from the date of purchase
This warranty covers ONLY defects
pay for:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
in material
and workmanship.
Sears will NOT
Expendable items that become worn during normal use, including but not limited to
blades, spark plugs, air cleaners, belts, and oil filters.
Standard maintenance servicing, oil changes, or tune-ups.
Tire replacement or repair caused by punctures from outside objects, such as nails,
thorns, stumps, or glass.
Tire or wheel replacement or repair resulting from normal wear, accident, or improper
operation or maintenance.
Repairs necessary because of operator abuse, including but not limited to damage
caused by towing objects beyond the capability of the riding equipment, impacting
objects that bend the frame or crankshaft, or over-speeding the engine.
Repairs necessary because of operator negligence, including but not timited to, electrical
and mechanical damage caused by improper storage, failure to use the proper grade
and amount of engine oil, failure to keep the deck clear of flammable debris, or failure to
maintain the riding equipment according to the instructions contained in the operator's
manual.
Engine (fuel system) cleaning or repairs caused by fuel determined to be contaminated or
oxidized (stale). In general, fuel should be used within 30 days of its purchase date.
Normal deterioration and wear of the exterior finishes, or product label replacement.
All riding equipment and battery warranty coverage is void if this product is ever used for
commercial or rental purposes.
This warranty applies only while this product is within the United States.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which
vary from state to state.
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman
Estates, IL 60179
2
_DANGER:
This cutting machine is capable of amputating
hands and feet and
throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result
in serious injury or death.
_IWARNING:
In order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting,
adjusting or making repairs, always disconnect spark plug wire and place wire where
it cannot contact spark plug.
_IbWARNING:
Do not coast down a hill in
neutral, you may lose control of the tractor.
_IWARNING:
Tow only the attachments
that are recommended by and comply with
specifications of the manufacturer of your
tractor. Use common sense when towing.
Operate only at the lowest possible speed
when on a slope. Too heavy of a load, while
on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose
traction with the ground and cause you to
lose control of your tractor.
_IWARNING:
Engine exhaust, some of its
constituents, and certain vehicle components
contain or emit chemicals known to the State
of Californiato cause cancer and birth defects
or other reproductive harm.
_,WARNING:
Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects
or other reproductive harm. Wash hands
after handling.
I. GENERAL
OPERATION
* Read, understand, and follow all instructions on the machine and in the manual
before starting.
* Do not put hands or feet near rotating
parts or under the machine. Keep clear
of the discharge opening at all times.
* Only allow responsible adults, who are
familiar with the instructions, to operate
the machine.
* Clear the area of objects such as rocks,
toys, wire, etc., which could be picked
up and thrown by the blades.
* Be sure the area is clear of bystanders
before operating. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
* Never carry passengers.
* Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary. Always look down and behind
before and while backing.
Never direct discharged material toward
anyone. Avoid discharging
material
against a wall or obstruction. Material
may ricochet back toward the operator.
Stop the blades when crossing gravel
surfaces.
Do not operate machine without the entire
grass catcher, discharge guard, or other
safety devices in place and working.
Stow down before turning.
Never leave a running machine unattended.
Always turn off blades, set
parking brake, stop engine, and remove
keys before dismounting.
Disengage blades when not mowing.
Shut off engine and wait for all parts to
come to a complete stop before cleaning
the machine, removing the grass catcher,
or unclogging the discharge guard.
Operate machine only in daylight or good
artificial light.
Do not operate the machine while under
the influence of alcohol or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near or
crossing roadways.
Use extra care when loading or unloading
the machine into a trailer or truck.
Always wear eye protection when operating machine.
Data indicates that operators, age 60
years and above, are involved in a large
percentage of riding mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate
their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves and
others from serious injury.
Follow the manufacturer's recommendation for wheel weights or counterweights.
Keep machine free of grass , leaves
or other debris build-up which can
touch hot exhaust / engine parts and
burn. Do not allow the mower to plow
leaves or other debris which can cause
build-up to occur. Clean any oil or fuel
spillage before operating or storing the
machine. Allow machine to cool before
storage.
II.SLOPEOPERATION
Slopes
area majorfactorrelated
totossof
control
andtip-over
accidents,
whichcan
resultinsevere
injuryordeath.Operation
onallslopesrequires
extra caution. If you
cannot back up the slope or if you feet uneasy
on it, do not mow it.
* Mow up and down slopes, not across.
* Watch for holes, ruts, bumps, rocks, or
other hidden objects.
Uneven terrain
could overturn the machine. Tall grass
can hide obstacles.
* Choose a low ground speed so that you
will not have to stop or shift while on the
slope.
* Do not mow on wet grass. Tires maylose
traction.
Always keep the machine in gear when
going down slopes. Do not shift to neutral
and coast downhill.
* Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a
slope. Ifthetireslosetraction,
disengage
the blades and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
* Keep all movement on the slopes slow
and gradual.
Do not make sudden
changes in speed or direction, which
could cause the machine to roll over.
* Use extra care while operating machine
with grass catchers or other attachments;
they can affect the stability of the machine. Do no use on steep slopes.
* Do not try to stabilize the machine by
putting your foot on the ground.
* Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or
embankments. The machine could suddenly roll over ira wheel is over the edge
or if the edge caves in.
Never carry children, even with the
blades shut off. They may fall off and
be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation. Children who
have been given rides in the past may
suddenly appear in the mowing area for
another ride and be run over or backed
over by the machine.
Never allow children to operate the machine.
Use extra care when approaching blind
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects
that may block your view of a child.
IV. TOWING
*
*
*
*
*
Tow only with a machine that has a hitch
designed for towing. Do not attach towed
equipment except at the hitch point.
Followthemanufacturer'srecommendation for weight limits for towed equipment
and towing on slopes.
Never allow children or others in or on
towed equipment.
On slopes,the weight ofthetowed equipment may cause loss of traction and toss
of control.
Travel slowly and allow extra distance to
stop.
V. SERVICE
SAFE HANDLING OF GASOLINE
To avoid personal injury or property damage, use extreme care in handling gasoline.
Gasoline is extremely flammable and the
vapors are explosive.
* Extinguish all cigarettes, cigars, pipes,
and other sources of ignition.
* Use only approved gasoline container.
* Never remove gas cap or add fuel with
the engine running. Allow engine to cool
before refueling.
* Never fuel the machine indoors.
* Neverstorethemachineorfuetcontainer
where there is an open flame, spark, or
pilot light such as on a water heater or
other appliances.
* Never fill containers inside a vehicle or
on a truck or trailer bed with plastic liner.
Always place containers on the ground
away from your vehicle when filling.
Ill. CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator
is not alert to the presence of children.
Children are often attracted to the machine
and the mowing activity.
Never assume
that children will remain where you last
saw them.
* Keep children out of the mowing area
and in the watchful care of a responsible
adult other than the operator.
* Be alert and turn machine off if a child
enters the area.
* Before and while backing, look behind
and down for small children.
4
Remove
gas-powered
equipment
from
thetruckor trailerandrefuelit onthe
ground.
Ifthisisnotpossible,
thenrefuel
suchequipment
withaportable
container,
ratherthanfroma gasoline
dispenser
nozzle.
Keepthenozzleincontact
withtherim
ofthefueltankorcontainer
opening
at
alltimesuntilfueling
iscomplete.
Donot
usea nozzle
lock-open
device.
Iffuelisspilled
onclothing,
change
clothingimmediately.
* Never
overfill
fueltank.Replace
gascap
andtighten
securely.
GENERAL
SERVICE
.
Never operate machine in a closed area.
Keep all nuts and bolts tightto be sure the
equipment is in safe working condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check
their proper operation regularly.
Be sure the area is clear of bystanders
before operating. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely
necessary. Always look down and behind
before and while backing.
Never carry children, even with the
blades shut off. They may fall off and
be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation. Children who
have been given rides in the past may
suddenly appear in the mowing area for
another ride and be run over or backed
over by the machine.
Keep children out of the mowing area
and in the watchful care of a responsible
adult other than the operator.
Be alert and turn machine off if a child
enters the area.
Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or
other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel
spillage and remove any fuel-soaked debris. Allow machine to cool before storing.
If you strike a foreign object, stop and
inspectthe machine. Repair, if necessary,
before restarting.
Never make any adjustments or repairs
with the engine running.
Check grass catcher components and the
discharge guard frequently and replace
with manufacturer's recommended parts,
when necessary.
Mower blades are sharp. Wrapthe blade
or wear gloves, and use extra caution
when servicing them.
Check brake operation frequently. Adjust
and service as required.
Maintain or replace safety and instruction
labels, as necessary.
Before and while backing, look behind
and down for small children.
Mow up and down slopes (15 ° Max), not
across.
Choose a low ground speed so that you
will not have to stop or shift while on the
slope.
Avoid starting, stopping, or turning on a
slope. Ifthetires Iosetraction, disengage
the blades and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades, shift into reverse and
back down slowly.
Do not turn on slopes unless necessary,
and then, turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
PRODUCT
SPECIFiCATiONS
Gasoline Capacity
and Type:
2.50 Gallons
Unleaded Regular
Oil Type
API-SG-SL):
SAE 30 (above 32°F)
SAE 5W30 (below 32°F
Oil Capacity:
W/Filter:
56 oz.
W/O Filter: 48 oz.
Spark Plug:
Champion RC12YC
(Gap: .030")
Ground Speed
Forward:
Reverse:
Charging System:
3 Amps Battery
5 Amps Headlights
Battery:
Amp/Hr:
28
Min. CCA: 230
Case size: U1R
CONGRATULATIONS
on your purchase
of a new tractor.
It has been designed,
engineered
and manufactured
to give
you the best possible dependability and
performance.
Should you experience any problem you
can not easily remedy, please contact a Sears
or other qualified service center. We have
competent, well-trained representatives and
the proper tools to service or repair this tractor.
Please read and retain this manual. The
instructions will enable you to assemble
and maintain your tractor properly. Always
observe the "SAFETY RULES".
0- 5.2
0- 2.9
CUSTOMER
RESPONSIBILiTiES
• Read and observe the safety rules.
• Follow a regular schedule in maintaining,
caring for and using your tractor.
• Follow the instructions under "Maintenance" and "Storage" sections of this
owner's manual.
Blade Bolt Torque: 45-55 Ft. Lbs.
_IbWARN[NG: This tractor is equipped with
an internal combustion engine and should not
be used on or near any unimproved forestcovered, brush-covered or grass-covered
land unless the engine's exhaust system is
equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state taws (if any). [f a spark
arrester is used, it should be maintained in
effective working order by the operator.
In the state of California the above is required
by law (Section 4442 of the California Public
Resources Code). Other states may have
similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal
lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is
available through your nearest Sears service
center (See REPAIR PARTS manual).
6
Keys
Slope Sheet
(2) Keys
Your new tractor has been assembled
unassembled for shipping purposes.
at the factory with exception of those parts left
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY
Label
A socket wrench set will make assembly
easier. Standard wrench sizes are listed.
(1) 1/2" wrench
(2) 7/16" wrenches
Tire pressure gauge
Utility knife
Pliers
When right or left hand is mentioned in this
manual, it meanswhen you arein the operating
position (seated behind the steering wheel).
TO REMOVE TRACTOR
FROM
CARTON
UNPACK CARTON
* Remove all accessible loose parts and
parts cartons from carton.
* Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton. Remove end panels and
lay side panels flat.
Check for any additional loose parts or
cartons and remove.
BEFORE
REMOVING
FROM SKID
TRACTOR
TO CHECK BATTERY
1. Lift seat to raised position.
NOTE: If this battery is put into service after
month and year indicated on label (label is
located between terminals) charge battery
for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps. (See
"BATTERY" in Maintenance section of this
manual for charging instructions).
* For batteryand battery cable installation
see "REPLACING
BATTERY" in the
"Service and Adjustments" section in this
manual.
ADJUST SEAT
* Sit in seat.
* Lift up adjustment lever (A) and slide seat
until a comfortable position is reached
which allows you to press clutch/brake
pedal all the way down.
* Release lever to lock seat in position.
NOTE:Youmaynowrollyourtractoroff
theskid.Follow
theappropriate
instruction
_CHECKLIST
below
toremove
thetractor
fromtheskid. Before you operate your new tractor, we
_WARNING:Beforestarting, read, wish to assure that you receive the best
understand
andfollowallinstructions
inthe performance and satisfaction from this
Operation section of this manual. Be sure
tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure
the area in front of tractor is clear of other
people and objects.
TO ROLL TRACTOR
OFF SKID (See
Operation
section for location
and
function
of controls)
1. Raise attachment lift lever to its highest
position.
2. Release parking brake by depressing
clutch/brake pedal.
3. Place freewheel control in "transmission
disengaged position" (See "TO TRANSPORT" inOperation section ofthis manual).
4. Roll tractor forward off skid.
5. Remove banding holding the deflector
shield up against tractor.
Continue with the instructions that follow.
Quality Product.
Please review the following checklist:
_" All assembly instructions have been
completed.
_" No remaining loose parts in carton.
_'Battery
is properly
prepared
and
charged.
_" Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.
J" All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes, thetires were overinftated
at the factory).
_" Be sure mower deck is properly leveled
side-to-side/front-to-rear
for best cutting
results. (Tires must be properly inflated
for leveling).
_" Check mower and drive belts. Be sure
they are routed properly around pulleys
and inside all belt keepers.
J" Check wiring. See that all connections
are still secure and wires are properly
clamped.
J" Before driving tractor, be sure freewheel
control is in "transmission
engaged"
position (see "TO TRANSPORT" in the
Operation section of this manual).
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
The tires on your tractor were overinftated at
the factory for shipping purposes. Correct
tire pressure is important for best cutting
performance.
• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown on
tires.
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower housing
should be properly leveled. See "TO LEVEL
MOWER" in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
While learning how to use your tractor, pay extra attention to the following important items:
J" Engine oil is at proper level.
J" Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular
unleaded gasoline.
J" Become familiar with all controls, their
location and function.
Operate them
before you start the engine.
J" Be sure brake system is in safe operating
condition.
J" Be sure Operator Presence System and
Reverse Operation System (ROS) are
working properly (See the Operation and
Maintenance sections in this manual).
J" It is important to purge the transmission
before operating your tractor for the
first time. Follow proper starting and
transmission purging instructions (See
"TO START ENGINE" and "PURGE
TRANSMISSION" in the Operation section of this manual).
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION OF
ALL BELTS
See the figures that are shown for replacing
motion and mower blade drive belts in the
Service and Adjustments section of this manual. Verifythat the belts are routed correctly.
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor,
check to see that the brake is operating
properly. See "TO CHECK BRAKE" in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual.
8
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product. Learn
and understand their meaning.
R
N
REVERSE
G
I'.,I
H
NEUTRAL
HIGH
LOW
CHOKE
FAST
SLOW
IGNITION
ENGINE
OFF
REVERSE
OPERATION
ENGINE
ON
ENGINE
START
PARKING
BRAKE
MOWER
SWITCH
MOWER LIFT
HEIGHT
SYSTEM(ROS)
LIGHTS
ON
FUEL
BATTERY
REVERSE
FORWARD
CRUISE
CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDAL
CONTROL
®@@@@
m
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH
DISENGAGED
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH
ENGAGED
DANGER,
KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
KEEP
AREA
(SEE
CLEAR
SLOPE
SAFETY
RULES
HAZARDS
SECTION)
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
FREE
(Automatic
WARNING
hazard
which,
if not avoided,
could result indicates
in death a or
serious
injury.
WHEEL
Models
only)
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
might result in minor or moderate
injury.
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,
indicates a situation that could result in damage
to the tractor and/or engine.
Failure to follow instructions
could result in serious
injury or
death. The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety information about hazards which can
result in death, serious
and/or
property
damage.
injury
,Jl_llIll/l_lll,,
HOT SURFACES
indicates
if not avoided, could result
and/or property damage.
a hazard which,
in death, serious
FIRE indicates a hazard which,
could result in death, serious
property
damage.
if not avoided,
injury and/or
injury
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THiS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR
TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of
various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.
03078
Our tractors conform to the applicable safety standards of the
American National Standards institute.
(F) IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting
and stopping the engine.
(G) REVERSE
OPERATION
SYSTEM
(ROS) "ON" POSITION - Allows operation
of mower or other powered attachment while
in reverse.
(H) LIGHT SWITCH - Turns the headlights
on and off.
(J) MOTION CONTROL LEVER - Selects
the speed and direction of tractor.
(M) FREEWHEELCONTROLDisengages
transmission for pushing or slowly towing
the tractor with the engine off.
(A) ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to
raise and lower the mower or other attachments mounted to your tractor.
(B) CLUTCH/BRAKE
PEDALUsed for
dectutching and braking the tractor and
starting the engine.
(C) PAR KIN G BRAKE - Locks clutch/brake
pedal into the brake position.
(B) THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL- Used
for starting and controlling engine speed.
(E) ATTACH MENT C LUTC H LEVER - Used
to engage the mower btades, or other attachments mounted to your tractor.
10
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into
the eyes, which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety
glasses or eye shields while operating your tractor or performing any
adjustments
or repairs. We recommend standard safety glasses or a
wide vision safety mask worn over spectacles.
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
TO SET PARKING BRAKE
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. When engine is
running, any attempt bythe operator to leave
the seat without first setting the parking brake
will shut off the engine.
1. Depress clutch/brake pedal (B) all the
way down and hold.
2. Putt parking brake lever (C) up and hold,
release pressure from clutch/brake pedal
(B), then release parking brake lever. Pedal should remain in brake position. Make
sure parking brake will hold tractor secure.
• Turn ignition key (F) to "STOP" position
and remove key. Always remove key when
leaving tractor to prevent unauthorized use.
IMPORTANT." Leaving the ignition switch in
any position other than "STOP" will cause
the battery to discharge and go dead.
NOTE: Undercertain conditionswhentractor
is standing idle with the engine running, hot
engine exhaust gases may cause "browning" of grass. To eliminate this possibility,
always stop engine when stopping tractor
on grass areas.
CAUTION:
Always stop tractor completely, as described above, and set parking
brake before leaving the operator's position.
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL (D)
Always operate engine at full speed (fast).
• Operating engine at less than full speed
(fast) reduces engine's operating efficiency.
• Full speed (fast) offers the best mower
performance.
STOPPING
MOWER BLADES • To stop mower blades, move attachment
clutch clutch lever to disengaged position
(r_).
TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD
The direction and speed of movement is
controlled by the motion control lever. (J)
(1_1) Attachment
Clutch
Engage Position
(1"_1) Disengaged
Position
GROUND DRIVE • To stop ground drive, depress clutch/brake
pedal (B) all the way down.
• Move motion control lever (J) to neutral
position.
ENGINE • Move throttle control (D) between half and
full speed (fast) position.
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control between half and full speed (fast) position, before stopping, may cause engine to"backfire".
1. Start tractor with motion control lever in
neutral position.
2. Release parking brake.
3. Slowly move motion control lever to
desired position.
11
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
TO OPERATE MOWER
The position of the attachment
determines the cutting height.
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch.
Any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat with the
engine running and the attachment clutch
engaged will shut off the engine. You must
remain fully and centrally positioned in the
seat to prevent the engine from hesitating or
cutting off when operating your equipment
on rough, rolling terrain or hills.
1. Select desired height of cut with attachment lift lever.
2. Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch control.
TO STOP MOWER BLADES
Disengage attachment clutch control.
lift lever (A)
Put attachment lift lever in desired cutting
height slot.
The cutting height range is approximately 1"to
4". The heights are measured from the ground
to the blade tip with the engine not running.
These heights are approximate and may
vary depending upon soil conditions, height
of grass and types of grass being mowed.
The average lawn should be cutto approximately 2-1/2" during the cool season and
to over 3" during hot months. For healthier
and better looking lawns, mow often and
after moderate growth.
For best cutting performance, grass over
6 inches in height shoutd be mowed twice.
Make the first cut relatively high; the second to desired height.
TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS
Gauge wheels are properly adjusted when
they are slightly off the ground when mower
is at the desired cutting height in operating
position. Gauge wheels then keep the deck
in proper position to help prevent scalping
in most terrain conditions.
NOTE: Adjust gauge wheels with tractor on
a flat level surface.
1. Adjust mower to desired cutting height
(See "TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING
HEIGHT" in this section of manual).
2. With mower in desired height of cut position, gauge wheels should be assembled
so they are slightly off the ground. Install
gauge wheel in appropriate hole. Tighten
securely.
3. Repeat for all, installing gauge wheel in
same adjustment hole.
_ICAUTION:
Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher, on
mowers so equipped, or the deflector shield
(S) in place.
TO OPERATE ON HILLS
,_I, WARNING: Do not drive up or down hills
with slopes greater than 15° and do not
drive across any slope. Use the slope guide
provided at the back of this manual.
• Choose the slowest speed before starting
up or down hills.
• Avoid stopping or changing speed on
hills.
• If stopping is absolutely necessary, push
clutch/brake pedal quickly to brake position
and engage parking brake.
• Move motion control lever to neutral position.
IMPORTANT: The motion control lever does
not return to neutral position when the clutch/
brake pedal is depressed.
• To restart movement, slowly release parking brake and clutch/brake pedal.
• Slowly move motion control lever to slowest setting.
• Make all turns slowly.
12
TO TRANSPORT
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
Your tractor is equipped with a Reverse
Operation System (ROS). Any attempt by
the operator to travel in the reverse direction
with the attachment clutch engaged will shut
off the engine unless ignition key is placed
in the ROS "ON" position.
When pushing or towing your tractor, be
sure to disengage transmission by placing
freewheel control in freewheeling position.
Freewheel control is located at the rear
drawbar of tractor.
1. Raise attachment lift lever to its highest
position.
2. Pull freewheel control out and intothe slot
and release so it isheld in the disengaged
position.
+ Do not push or tow tractor at more than
two (2) MPH.
+ To re-engage transmission, reverse above
procedure.
,_WARNING:
Backing up with the attachment clutch engaged while mowing is
strongly discouraged. Turning the ROS "ON",
to allow reverse operation with the attachment clutch engaged, should only be done
when the operator decides it is necessary to
reposition the machine with the attachment
engaged. Do not mow in reverse unless
absolutely necessary.
TRANSMiSSiON
USING THE REVERSE
OPERATION
SYSTEM Only use if you are certain no children or other
bystanders will enter the mowing area.
1. Move motion control lever to neutral
position.
2. With engine running, turn ignition key
counterclockwise
to ROS "ON" position.
3. Look down and behind before and while
backing.
4. Slowly move motion control lever to
reverse (R) position to start movement.
5. When use ofthe ROS isno longer needed,
turn the ignition key clockwise to engine
"ON" position.
ROS "ON" Position
TRANSMiSSiON
ENGAGED
DISENGAGED
NOTE: To protect hood from damage when
transporting your tractor on a truck or a trailer,
be sure hood is closed and secured to tractor.
Use an appropriate means of tying hood to
tractor (rope, cord, etc.).
Engine ;'ON" Position
(Normal Operating)
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS
Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and comply with specifications
of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use
common sense when towing. Too heavy of
a load, while on a slope, isdangerous. Tires
can lose traction with the ground and cause
you to lose control of your tractor.
13
3. Place motion control lever in neutral
position.
4. Move attachment clutch to disengaged
position.
5. Move throttle control to choke position.
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and
cold starting procedures below.
6. Insert key into ignition and turn key
clockwise to start position and release
key as soon as engine starts. Do not run
starter continuously for more than fifteen
seconds per minute. If the engine does
not start after several attempts, move
throttle control to fast position, wait a
few minutes and try again. If engine still
does not start, move the throttle control
back to the choke position and retry.
BEFORE STARTING
THE ENGINE
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
The engine in your tractor has been shipped,
from the factory, already filled with summer
weight oil.
1. Check engine oil with tractor on level
ground.
2. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe
clean, reinsert the dipstick and screw cap
tight, wait for a few seconds, remove and
read oil level. If necessary, add oil until
"FULL' mark on dipstick is reached. Do
not overfill.
• For cold weather operation you should
change oil for easier starting (See the oil
viscosity chart in the Maintenance section
of this manual).
• To change engine oil, seethe Maintenance
section in this manual.
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and
above)
7. When engine starts, move the throttle
control to the fast position.
• The attachments and ground drive can
now be used. Ifthe engine does not accept
the load, restart the engine and allow it to
warm up for one minute using the choke
as described above.
ADD GASOLINE
• Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do not
overfill. Usefresh, clean, regular unleaded
gasoline with a minimum of 87 octane.
(Use of leaded gasoline will increase
carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce
valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline.
Purchase fuel in quantities that can be used
within 30 days to ensure fuel freshness.
_I,CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel.
Do not store, spill or use gasoline near an
open flame.
IMPORTANT:
When operating in temperatures below 32°F(0°C), use fresh, clean
winter grade gasoline to help ensure good
cold weather starting.
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called
gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
attract moisture which leads to separation
and formation of acids during storage. Acidic
gas can damage the fuel system of an engine
while in storage. To avoid engine problems,
the fuet system should be emptied before
storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas
tank, start the engine and let it run until the
fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh
fuel next season. See Storage Instructions
for additional information. Never use engine
or carburetor cleaner products inthe fuel tank
or permanent damage may occur.
TO START ENGINE
When starting the engine for the first time or
if the engine has run out of fuel, it will take
extra cranking time to move fuel from the
tank to the engine.
1. Be sure freewheel control is in the transmission engaged position.
2. Siton seat in operating position, depress
clutch/brake pedal and set parking brake.
COLD WEATHER STARTING (50 ° F and
below)
7. When enginestarts, leavethrottle control
in choke position until engine warms up
and begins to run roughly. Once rough
running begins, immediately move the
throttle control to the fast position. Engine
warm-up may take from several seconds
to several minutes (the colder the temperature, the longer the warm-up).
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION WARM UP
Before driving the unit in cold weather, the
transmission should be warmed up as follows:
1. Be sure the tractor is on level ground.
2. Placethe motion control lever in
neutral. Release the parking brake
and let the clutch/brake slowly return
to operating position.
3. Allow one minute for transmission to
warm up. This can be done during
the engine warm up period.
• The attachments can also be used during the engine warm-up period after the
transmission has been warmed up.
NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000
feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32 ° F)
the carburetor fuel mixture may need to be
adjusted for best engine performance (see
"TO ADJUST CARBU R ETO R" in the Service
and Adjustments section of this manual).
14
PURGE
TRANSMiSSiON
MOWING TIPS
• Tire chains cannot be used when the
mower housing is attached to tractor.
Mower should be properly leveled for best
mowing performance.
See "TO LEVEL
MOWER HOUSING" in the Service and
Adjustments section of this manual.
The left hand side of mower should be
used for trimming.
Drive so that clippings are discharged onto
the area that has already been cut. Have
the cut area to the right of the tractor. This
will result in a more even distribution of
clippings and more uniform cutting.
When mowing large areas, start byturning
to the right so that clippings will discharge
away from shrubs, fences, driveways,
etc. After one or two rounds, mow in the
opposite direction making left hand turns
until finished.
_CAUTION:
Never engage or disengage
freewheel lever while the engine is running.
To ensure proper operation and performance,
it is recommended that the transmission be
purged before operating tractor for the first
time. This procedure will remove any trapped
air inside the transmission which may have
developed during shipping of your tractor.
IMPORTANT:
Should your transmission
require removal for service or replacement,
it should be purged after reinstallation before
operating the tractor.
1. Place tractor safely on a level surface that is clear of objects and open - with
engine off and parking brake set.
2. Disengage
transmission
by placing
freewheel control in disengaged position
(See "TO TRANSPORT" in this section
of manual).
3. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine.
After the engine is running, move throttle
control to slow position. With motion
control lever in neutral position, slowly
disengage clutch/brake pedal.
_IiCAUTION:
At any time, during step 4,
there may be movement of the drive wheels.
4. Move motion control lever to full forward
position and hold for five (5) seconds.
Move lever to full reverse position and
hold for five (5) seconds. Repeat this
procedure three (3) times.
5. Move motion control lever to neutral
position. Shutoff engine and set parking
brake.
6. Engage transmission by placing freewheel control in engaged position (See
"TO TRANSPORT" in this section of
manual).
7. Sitting in the tractor seat, start engine.
After the engine is running, move throttle
control to half (1/2) speed. With motion
control lever in neutral position, slowly
disengage clutch/brake pedal.
8. Slowly move motion control leverforward,
after the tractor moves approximately
five (5) feet, slowly move motion control
lever to reverse position. After the tractor
moves approximately five (5) feet return
the motion control lever to the neutral
position. Repeat this procedure with the
motion control lever three (3) times.
Your transmission is now purged and now
ready for normal operation.
If grass is extremely tall, it should be
mowed twice to reduce load and possible
fire hazard from dried clippings.
Make
first cut relatively high; the second to the
desired height.
Do not mow grass when it is wet. Wet
grass will plug mower and leave undesirable clumps. Allow grass to dry before
mowing.
* Always operate engine at full throttle
when mowing to ensure better mowing performance and proper discharge
of material. Regulate ground speed by
selecting a low enough speed to give the
mower cutting performance as well as the
quality of cut desired.
. When operating attachments, select a
ground speed that will suit the terrain and
give best performance of the attachment
being used.
15
MAINTENANCE
SCHEDULE
w
Check Brake Operation
BEFORE
EACH
EVERY
8
USE
EVERY
2S
EVERY
EVERY
100
EVERY
SEASON
HOURS .OURS HOURS HOURS
BEFORE
STORAGE
_
Check Tire Pressure
T
Check Operator
Presence
A
Check for L....
Fast .....
& ROS Systems
C
Check/Replace
T
Lubrication Chart
_
0
Check Battery
Level
_4
R
Clean Battery
and Terminals
_
if
Mower Blades
Clean Debris Off Steering
Check Transaxle
Ks
if
Plate
_#'
_s
Cooling
Check Mower Levelness
Check V-Belts
_f
Check Enqine Oil Level
Change
Change
Engine Oil (with oil filter)
Engine
NE Clean Air
G
Oil
(without
_1,2
oil tilter)
_2
Filter
1_4_'2
N
Replace
E
Clean Engine Cooling
Replace
Replace
_lace
Arrester
Oil Filter (If equipped)
_,2
Fins
_
Spark Plug
Air
Filter
_t"
1_'1,2
Clean Air Screen
Inspect Muffler/Spark
__
_
Paper
2
_
Cartridge
_4"
_,_2
Fuel Filter
_4'
1
Cha_lgemofeoftenwheno#eratir_gunderaheawloado[inhighambieflttemperatures
3
Re#Faoeb_adesmofeofter_whel_mowi_lginsandy8oil
2
Se,v_cemo,edt_w_no_rat_g_ndJrlyo,
4
No_requ_red_qu_p_edw_hma_ntenancef,eebatt_,y
du_ycondJt_ons
LUBRICATION
GENERAL
RECOMMENDATIONS
The warranty on this tractor does not cover
items that have been subjected to operator
abuse or negligence. To receive full value
from the warranty, operator must maintain
tractor as instructed in this manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to properly maintain your tractor.
At least once a season, check to see if
you should make any of the adjustments
described in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
• At least once a year you should replace
the spark plug, clean or replace air filter,
and check blades and belts for wear. A
new spark plug and clean air filter assure
proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better and last longer.
BEFORE EACH USE
(_S
Zerk
(_Front Wheel
Bearing zerk
@
Sector Gear
Teeth
5
SeeC_eani_lgJnMaintenanceSectior_
CHART
Spindle
Zerk
Front
Wheel
Bearing zerk
Engine
_General Purpose Grease
@Refer to Maintenance "ENGINE" Section
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check engine oil level.
Check brake operation.
Check tire pressure.
Check operator presence and
ROS systems for proper operation.
5. Check for loose fasteners.
IMPORTANT: Do not oil or grease the pivot
points which have special nylon bearings.
Viscous lubricants will attract dust and dirt
that will shorten the life of the self-lubricating
bearings. Ifyou feet they must be lubricated,
use only a dry, powdered graphite type lubricant sparingly.
16
TRACTOR
Always observe safety rules when performing
any maintenance.
BRAKE OPERATION
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet to
stop at highest speed in highest gear on a
level, dry concrete or paved surface, then
brake must be serviced. (See "TO CHECK
BRAKE" in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual).
TIRES
• Maintain proper air pressure in all tires
(See the sides of tires for proper PSI).
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect
control chemicals which can harm rubber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp
objects and other hazards that may cause
tire damage.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant may
be purchased from your local parts dealer.
Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and
corrosion.
CHECK REVERSE OPERATION (ROS)
SYSTEM
• When the engine is running with the ignition
switch in the engine "ON" position and the
attachment clutch engaged, any attempt
by the operator to drive in reverse should
shut off the engine.
• When the engine is running with the ignition
switch in the ROS "ON" position and the
attachment clutch engaged, any attempt
by the operator to drive in reverse should
NOT shut off the engine.
BLADE CARE
For best results mower blades must be sharp.
Replace worn, bent or damaged blades.
_, CAUTION:
Use only a replacement
blade approved by the manufacturer of your
tractor. Using a blade not approved by the
manufacturer of your tractor is hazardous,
could damage your tractor and void your
warranty.
BLADE REMOVAL
1. Raise mower to highest position to allow
access to blades.
NOTE: Protect your hands with gloves and/
or wrap blade with heavy cloth.
2. Remove blade bolt by turning counterclockwise.
3. install new blade with stamped "GRASS
SIDE" facing the ground.
IMPORTANT: To ensure proper assembly,
center hole in blade must align with star on
mandrel assembly.
4. install and tighten blade bolt securely
(45-55 Ft. Lbs. torque).
IMPORTANT: Special blade bolt is heat
treated.
OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM AND
REVERSE OPERATION SYSTEM (ROS)
Be sure operator presence and reverse
operation systems are working properly. If
your tractor does not function as described,
repair the problem immediately.
• The engine should not start unless the
brake pedal is fully depressed, and the
attachment clutch control is in the disengaged position.
CHECK
OPERATOR
PRESENCE
SYSTEM
• When the engine is running, any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat without
first setting the parking brake should shut
off the engine.
• When the engine is running and the attachment clutch is engaged, any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat should
shut off the engine.
• The attachment clutch should never operate unless the operator is in the seat.
Star
Center Hole
Blade Bolt
(Special) ------._<_
__
Mandrel
Assembly
Blade
V=BELTS
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after
100 hours of operation and replace if necessary. The belts are not adjustable. Replace
belts if they begin to slip from wear.
ROS "ON" Position
Engine "ON" Position
(Normal Operating)
17
BATTERY
Your tractor has a battery charging system
which is sufficient for normal use. However,
periodic charging of the battery with an automotive charger wilt extend its life.
Keep battery and terminals clean.
Keep battery bolts tight.
Keep small vent holes open.
Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
NOTE: The original equipment battery on
your tractor is maintenance free. Do not
attempt to open or remove caps or covers.
Adding or checking level of electrolyte is
not necessary.
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals
can cause the battery to "leak" power.
1. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first
then RED battery cable and remove
battery from tractor.
2. Rinsethe batterywith plain waterand dry.
3. Clean terminals and battery cable ends
with wire brush until bright.
4. Coatterminals with grease or petroleum
jelly.
5. Reinstall battery (See "REPLACING
BATTERY" in the SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS section of this manual).
TRANSAXLE COOLING
The transmission fan and cooling fins should
be kept clean to ensure proper cooling.
Do not attempt to clean fan or transmission
while engine is running or while the transmission is hot. To prevent possible damage
to seals, do not use high pressure water or
steam to clean transaxle.
• inspect cooling fan to be sure fan blades
are intact and clean.
• inspect cooling fins for dirt, grass clippings
and other materials. To prevent damage to
seals, do not use compressed air or high
pressure sprayer to clean cooling fins.
TRANSAXLE PUMP FLUID
The transaxle was sealed at the factory and
fluid maintenance is not required for the life
of the transaxle. Should the transaxle ever
leak or require servicing, contact you r nearest
Sears or other qualified service center.
ENGINE
LUBRiCATiON
Only use high quality detergent oil rated with
API service classification SG-SL Selectthe
oil's SAE viscosity grade according to your
expected operating temperature.
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W30,
10W30 etc.) improve starting in cold weather,
they will result in increased oil consumption
when used above 32°R Check your engine
oil level more frequently to avoid possible
engine damage from running low on oil.
SAE VISCOSITY
C
_30
_20
TEMPERATURE
_10
0
RANGE ANTICIPATED
GRADES
10
20
30
BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
40
Change the oil after every 50 hours of operation or at least once a year if the tractor is
not used for 50 hours in one year.
Checkthe crankcase oil level before starting
the engine and after each eight (8) hours of
operation. Tighten oil fill cap/dipstick securely each time you check the oil level.
TO CHANGE ENGINE OiL
Determine temperature range expected
before oil change. All oil must meet API
service classification SG-SL.
®
Be sure tractor is on level surface.
®
Oil will drain more freely when warm.
Catch oil in a suitable container.
®
1. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful
not to allow dirt to enter the engine when
changing oil.
2.
Slide oil drain extension from the docking
position on the engine blower housing
and extend outward from engine.
Docking
Position
Oil Drain
Extension
Cap
3. To open, twist cap counter-clockwise
4. After oil is drained completely, replace
cap and twist clockwise until it stops.
5. Re-attach oil drain extension to engine
blower housing.
6. Refill enginewith oitthrough oilfill dipstick
tube. Pour slowly. Do not overfill. For approximate capacity see "PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS" section of this manual.
7. Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for
checking level. For accurate reading,
tighten dipstick cap securely onto the
tube before removing dipstick. Keep oil
at "FULL' line on dipstick. Tighten cap
onto the tube securely when finished.
18
ENGINE OIL FILTER
MUFFLER
inspect and replace corroded muffler and
spark arrester (if equipped) as it could create
a fire hazard and/or damage.
Replace the engine oil filter every season or
every other oil change if the tractor is used
more than 100 hours in one year.
SPARK PLUG(S)
Replace spark plug(s) atthe beginning of each
mowing season or after every 100 hours of
operation, whichever occursfirst. Spark plug
type and gap setting are shown in "PRO DUCT
SPECIFICATIONS" section of this manual.
AIR FILTER
Your engine will not run properly using a
dirty air filter. Service paper cartridge every
100 hours of operation or every season,
whichever occurs first.
Service air cleaner more often under dusty
conditions.
1. Remove cover.
2. Carefully remove air filter cartridge and
pre-cleaner from base.
3. Clean base carefully to prevent debris
from falling into carburetor.
Knobs
IN=LINE FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter should be replaced once each
season. If fuel filter becomes clogged, obstructing fuel flow to carburetor, replacement
is required.
1. With engine cool, remove filter and plug
fuel line sections.
Ca_ridge
2. Place newfuelfilter in position in fuel line
with arrow pointing towards carburetor.
3. Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and
clamps are properly positioned.
4. Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
Clamp
NOTE: If very dirty or damaged, replace
cartridge.
4. Place new pre-cleaner and cartridge
firmly in base.
5. Replace cover.
IMPORTANT: Petroleum solvents, such as
kerosene, are not to be used to clean the
cartridge. They may cause deterioration of
the cartridge. Do not oil cartridge. Do not
use pressurized air to clean cartridge.
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
Debris may clog the engine's air cooling
system. Remove blower housing and clean
area shown to prevent overheating and
engine damage.
Air Scree
Clean out chaff
r_.
and debris
CLEAN AIR SCREEN
Air screen must be kept free of dirt and chaff
to prevent engine damage from overheating.
Clean with a wire brush or compressed airto
remove dirt and stubborn dried gum fibers.
19
CLEANING
• Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc.
of all foreign matter.
• Clean debris from steering plate.
Debris can restrict clutch/brake pedal
shaft movement, causing belt slip and
loss of drive.
IMPORTANT: Tug hose ensuring connection is secure.
5. Turn the water on.
6. While sitting in the operator's position
on the tractor, re-start the engine and
place the throttle lever in the Fast ",_"
position.
A CAUTION: Avoid all pinch points and
movable parts
Clutch/brake
Nozzle
Ada
pedal
Washout
Port
Clean
Steering
\
Steering System, Dash,
Fender and Mower N_otShown
CAUTION:
_
Pinch
_
Points
IMPORTANT: Recheck the area making
certain the area is clear.
7. Move the tractor's attachment clutch
control to the "Engaged"
position.
Remain in the operator's
position
with the cutting deck engaged until the
deck is cleaned.
8. Move the tractor's attachment clutch
control to the "DISENGAGED" position. Turn the ignition key to the STOP
position to turn the tractor's engine off.
Turn the water off.
9.
Pull back the lock collar of the nozzle
adapter to disconnect the adapter from
the nozzle washout port.
10. Move the tractor to a dry area, preferably a concrete or paved area. Place
the attachment clutch control in the
"Engaged" position to remove excess
water and to help dry before putting the
tractor away.
_,WARNING:
A broken or missing washout
fitting could expose you or others to thrown
objects from contact with the blade.
Replace broken or missing washout fitting
immediately, prior to using mower again.
Plug any holes in mower with bolts and
Ioeknuts,
•
Keep finished surfaces and wheels
free of all gasoline, oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
We do not recommend using a garden hose
or pressure washer to clean your tractor
unless the engine and transmission are
covered to keep water out. Water in engine
or transmission will shorten the useful life of
your tractor. Use compressed air or a leaf
blower to remove grass, leaves and trash
from tractor and mower.
DECK WASHOUT
PORT
Your tractor's deck is equipped with a
washout port on its surface as part of its
deck wash system. It should be utilized after each use.
1.
Drive the tractor to a level, clear spot
on your lawn, near enough to a water
spigot for your garden hose to reach.
IMPORTANT: Make certain the tractor's
discharge chute is directed AWAY from your
house, garage, parked cars, etc. Remove
bagger chute or mulch cover if attached.
2.
Make sure the attachment clutch controt
is in the "DISENGAGED" position, set
the parking brake, and stop the engine.
3. Thread the nozzle adapter (packaged
with your tractor's Operator's Manual)
onto the end of your garden hose.
4.
Pull back the lock collar of the nozzle
adapter and push the adapter onto the
deck washout port at the left end of the
mower deck. Release the lock collar to
lock the adapter on the nozzle.
20
SERVICE ORTO
ADJUSTMENTS:
WARNING:
AVOID SERIOUS iNJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY
1. Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
2. Place motion control lever in neutral position.
3. Place attachment clutch in "DISENGAGED" position.
4. Turn ignition key to "STOP" and remove key.
5. Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
6. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with plug.
TO REMOVE MOWER
1. Place attachment clutch in "DISENGAGED" position.
2. Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest
position.
3. Roll belt off engine pulley (M) and belt
keepers (G).
4. Remove retainer spring (K), slide collar
(L) off and push housing guide (P) out
of bracket.
5. Remove clutch cable spring (Q) from
idler arm (R).
6. Disconnect front link (E) from mower remove retainer spring and washer.
7. Go to either side of mower and disconnect mower suspension arm (A) from
chassis pin (B) and rear lift link (C) from
rear mower bracket (D) - remove retainer
springs and washers.
_f_ CAUTION: After rear lift links are disconnected, the attachment lift lever will be spring
loaded. Have a tight grip on lift lever when
changing position of the lever.
8. Slide mower out from under right side of
tractor.
IMPORTANT: If an attachment other than
the mower is to be mounted on the tractor,
remove the front link (E) and rear lift liks
(C) from tractor and hook the clutch spring
(Q) into the cable guide on front edge of
lower dash.
TO iNSTALL MOWER
Be sure tractor is on level surface and engage
parking brake.
1. Lower attachment lift lever to its lowest
position.
CAUTION: Lift lever is spring loaded.
Have a tight grip on lift lever, lower it slowly
and engage in lowest position.
NOTE: Be sure mower side suspension
arms (A) are pointing forward before sliding
mower under tractor.
2. Slide mower under tractor until it is centered under tractor.
03042tex
21
3. ATTACH MOWER SIDE SUSPENSION
ARMS (A) TO CHASSIS - Position hole
in arm over pin (B) on outside of tractor
chassis and secure with retainer spring.
4. Repeat on opposite side of tractor.
5,
ATTACH REAR LIFT LINKS (C) - Lift
rear corner of mower and position slot
in link assembly over pin (D) on rear
mower bracket and secure with washer
and retainer spring.
6,
ATTACH FRONT LINK (E) - Work from
left side of tractor. Insert rod end of link
assembly through front hole in tractor
front suspension bracket (F).
7. Insert end of link (E) into hole in front
mower bracket (H) and secure with
washer and retainer spring (J).
8. Hook end of clutch cable spring (Q) into
hole in idler arm (R).
9. Push clutch cable housing guide (P) into
bracket, slide collar (L) onto guide and
secure with retainer spring (K).
10. Install belt onto engine pulley (M) and belt
keepers (G).
IMPORTANT: Check belt for proper routing
in all mower pulley grooves.
11.Raise attachment lift lever to highest
position.
12. If necessary, adjust gauge wheels before
operating mower as shown in the Operation section of this manual.
%
03042rex
22
TO LEVEL MOWER
Make sure tires are properly inflated to the
PSI shown on tires. If tires are over or under
inflated, it may affect the appearance of your
lawn and lead you to think the mower is not
adjusted properly.
VISUAL SIDE=TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT
1. With all tires properly inflated and if your
lawn appears unevenly cut, determine
which side of mower is cutting lower.
2. With a 3/4" or adjustable wrench, turn lift
link adjustment nut (A) to the left to lower
LH side of mower, or, to the right to raise
LH side of mower.
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will
change mower height about 3/16".
Turn nut rig
to raise mower
FRONT-TO-BACK
IMPORTANT:
to-side.
Deck must be level side-
To obtain the best cutting results, the mower
blades should be adjusted so the front tip is
1/8" to 1/2" lower than the rear tip when the
ower is in its highest position.
CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
• Raise mower to highest position.
Position any blade so the tip is pointing
straight forward. Measure distance (B)
to the ground at front and rear tip of the
blade.
If front tip of blade is not 1/8" to 1/2" lower
than the rear tip, go to the front of tractor.
• With an 11/16" or adjustable wrench,
loosen jam nut A several turns to clear
adjustment nut B.
With a 3/4" or adjustable
front link adjustment nut
(tighten) to raise the front
counterclockwise
(loosen)
front mower.
Turn nut left
to lower mower
3. Test your adjustment by mowing some
uncut grass and visually checking the
appearance. Readjust, if necessary, until
you are satisfied with the results.
PRECISION SIDE=TO=SIDE ADJUSTMENT
1. With alttires properly inflated, parktractor
on level ground or driveway.
_iL CAUTION: Blades are sharp. Protect
your hands with gloves and/or wrap blade
with heavy cloth.
2. Raise mower to its highest position.
3. At both sides of mower, position blade at
side and measure the distance (A) from
bottom edge of blade to the ground. The
distance should be the same on both
sides.
4. If adjustment is necessary, see step 2 in
Visual Adjustment instructions above.
5. Recheckmeasurements, adjustifnecessary until both sides are equal.
AI L' hJ
ADJUSTMENT
Tighten adjust nut
B to raise mower
wrench, turn
(B) clockwise
of mower, or,
to lower the
Loosen adjust
nut B to lower
mower
Loosen jam nut A first
NOTE: Each full turn of the adjustment nut
will change mower height about 1/8".
• Recheck measurements, adjust if necessary until front tip of blade is 1/8" to 1/2"
lower than the rear tip.
• Hold adjustment nut in position with wrench
and tighten jam nut securely against adjustment nut.
W IA
23
TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE DRIVE BELT
BELT INSTALLATION 1. install new belt from tractor rear to front,
over the steering plate (F) and above
clutch brake pedal shaft (G).
2. Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll
belt onto engine pulley (E).
3. Pull belt toward rear of tractor. Carefully
work belt down around transmission
cooling fan and onto the input pulley (D).
Be sure belt is inside the belt keeper.
4. Install belt on centerspan idler (C).
5. Install belt through stationary idler (A)
and clutching idler (B).
6. Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves
and inside all belt guides and keepers.
7. Install mower (See "TO INSTALL MOWER" in this section of manual).
The mower blade drive belt may be replaced
without tools. Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.
BELT REMOVAL 1. Removemowerfromtractor
(See"TO REMOVE MOWER"inthissectionofmanual).
2. Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and
idler pulleys.
3. Putt belt away from mower.
BELT INSTALLATION 1. Work belt around both mandrel pulleys
and idler pulleys
2. Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves
and inside all belt guides.
3. Install mower (See "To Install Mower" in
this section of this manual).
Mandrel
Idler
Pulle_
Pulle,
Mandrel
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage
parking brake. For assistance, there is a
belt installation guide decal on bottom side
of left footrest.
TO REMOVE WHEEL
1. Block up axle securely.
2. Remove axle cover, retaining ring and
washers to allow wheel removal (rear
wheels have a square key- Do not lose).
3. Repair tire and reassemble.
NOTE: On rear wheels only: align grooves in
rear wheel hub and axle. Insert square key.
4. Replace washers and snap retaining ring
securely in axle groove.
5. Replace axle cover.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to stow leaks, purchase and
use tire sealant from Sears. Tire sealant also
prevents tire dry rot and corrosion.
BELT REMOVAL 1. Remove mower (See "TO REMOVE
MOWER" in this section of manual).
NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt and
position of all belt guides and keepers.
2. Remove bettfrom stationary idler (A) and
clutching idler (B).
3. Remove belt from centerspan idler (C).
6. Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor.
Carefully remove belt upwards from
transmission input pulley and over cooling fan blades (D).
4. Remove belt downward from engine
pulley (E).
5. Slide belt toward rear of tractor, off the
steering plate (F) and remove from tractor.
Washers
Retaining
Axle
Cover,
Ring\
\
Square_
Key ___
(Rear Wheel Only)
24
_
TO CHECK BRAKE
FRONT WHEEL TOE=IN/CAMBER
Your new tractor front wheel toe-in and camber is set at the factory and is normal. The
front wheel toe-in and camber are not adjustable. If damage has occurred to affect the
factory set front wheel toe-in or camber, contact a Sears or other qualified service center.
if tractor requires more than five (5) feet to
stop at highest speed in highest gear on a
level, dry concrete or paved surface, then
brake must be serviced.
You may also check brake by:
1. Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or
paved surface, depress brake pedal
all the way down and engage parking
brake.
2. Disengage
transmission
by placing
freewheel control in "transmission disengaged" position. Pull freewheel control
out and into the slot and release so it is
held in the disengaged position.
The rear wheels must lock and skid when
you try to manually push the tractor forward.
if the rear wheels rotate, then the brake
needs to be serviced. Contact a Sears or
other qualified service center.
TO START ENGINE WiTH WEAK BATTERY
AGL,
WARNING:
Lead-acid batteries generate explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame
and smoking materials away from batteries.
Always wear eye protection when around
batteries.
ifyour battery istoo weak to start the engine, it
should be recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the
MAINTENANCE section of this manual).
If "jumper cables" are used for emergency
starting, follow this procedure:
IMPORTANT: Your tractor is equipped with
a 12 volt system. The other vehicle must also
be a 12 volt system. Do not use your tractor
battery to start other vehicles.
TRANSAXLE MOTION CONTROL LEVER
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT
The motion control lever has been presetatthe
factory; adjustment should not be necessary.
1. Loosen adjustment bolt in front of the
right rear wheel, and lightly tighten.
2. Start engine and move motion control
lever until tractor does not move forward
or backward.
3. Hold motion control lever in that position
and turn engine off.
4. While holding motion control lever in
place, loosen the adjustment bolt.
5. Move motion control lever to the neutral
(lock gate) position.
6. Tighten adjustment bolt securely.
Motion
Lever
Neutral
Lock
Gate
......
Adjustment Bolt
NOTE: If additional clearance is needed to
get to adjustment bolt, move mower deck
height to the lowest position.
After above adjustment is made, if the tractor still creeps forward or backward while
motion control lever is in neutral position,
follow these steps:
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES 1. Connect one end of the RED cable to the
POSITIVE (+) terminal of each battery(AB), taking care notto short against tractor
chassis.
2. Connect one end of the BLACK cable
to the NEGATIVE (-)terminal (C) of fully
charged battery.
3. Connect the other end of the BLACK
cable (D) to good chassis ground, away
from fuel tank and battery.
1. Loosen the adjustment bolt.
2. Movethe motion control lever 1/4 to 1/2
inch in the direction it is trying to creep.
3. Tighten adjustment bolt securely.
4. Start engine and test.
5. If tractor still creeps, repeat above steps
until satisfied.
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER 1. BLACK cable first from chassis and then
from the fully charged battery.
2. RED cable last from both batteries.
Weak or I__
Dead
_[_
Battery
25
"_1_
Fully
L_JCharged Battery
REPLACING
BATTERY
TO REPLACE
termin_asWARNING:
not short
by allowing aDo
wrench
or anybattery
other object
to contact both terminals at the same time.
Before connecting battery, remove metal
bracelets, wristwatch bands, rings, etc.
Positive terminal must be connected first to
prevent sparking from accidental grounding.
1. Lift seat pan to raised position.
2. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first
then RED battery cable and carefully
remove battery from tractor.
3. Install new battery with terminals in same
position as old battery.
4. First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) terminal with hex bolt and keps
nut as shown. Tighten securely. Slide
terminal cover over terminal
5. Connect BLACK grounding cable to
negative (-) terminal with remaining hex
bolt and keps nut. Tighten securely.
Replace with 20 amp automotive-type
plug-in fuse. The fuse holder is located
behind the dash.
TO
1.
2.
3.
REMOVE HOOD & GRILLASSEMBLY
Raise hood.
Unsnap headlight wire connector.
Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at
sides, tilt toward engine and lift off of
tractor.
4. When replacing hood, be sure to reconnect the headlight wire connector.
Headlight
Connector
. Keps
/ Nut
"-_.
Hex
Bolt
ENGINE
TO ADJUST THROTTLE
Positive
(Red)
Cable
Wire
TRANSMISSION
REMOVAL/REPLACE=
MENT
Should your transmission require removal for
service or replacement, it should be purged
after reinstallation and before operating the
tractor. See "PURGE TRANSMISSION" in
the Operation section of this manual.
Terminal
Cover
FUSE
Negative (Black)
Cable
HEADLIGHT BULB
TO REPLACE
1. Raise hood.
2. Remove bulb holder from the hole in
the backside of the grill.
3. Replace bulb in holder and install bulb
holder securely back into the hole in
the backside of the grill.
4. Close hood.
INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS
Loose or damaged wiring may cause
your tractor to run poorly, stop running, or
prevent it from starting.
Check wiring.
CONTROL
The throttle control has been preset at
the factory and adjustment should not be
necessary Check adjustment as described
below before loosening cable. If adjustment
is necessary, see engtne manual.
TO ADJUST CHOKE CONTROL
The choke control has been preset at the
factory and adjustment should not be necessary. If adjustment is necessary, see engine
manual.
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
Your carburetor has been preset atthe factory
and adjustment should not be necessary.
However, minor adjustment may be required
to compensate for differences in fuel, temperature, altitude or load. If the engine does
need adjustment, see engine manual.
26
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT:
It is important to prevent
gum deposits from forming in essential fuel
system parts such as carburetor, fuel hose,
or tank during storage. Also, alcohol blended
fuels (called gasohot or using ethanol or
methanol) can attract moisture which leads
to separation and formation of acids during
storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel
system of an engine while in storage.
* Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine
and letting it run until the fuel lines and
carburetor are empty.
* Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
* Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel
gum deposits during storage. Add stabilizer
to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.
Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer
container. Run engine at least 10 minutes
after adding stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to
reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas
tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINE OiL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace
with clean engine oil. (See "ENGINE" in the
Maintenance section of this manual).
CYLINDER(S)
1. Remove spark plug(s).
2. Pour one ounce of oil through spark plug
hole(s) into cylinder(s).
3. Turn ignition key to "START" position for
a few seconds to distribute oil.
4. Replace with new spark plug(s).
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage
at the end of the season or if the tractor will
not be used for 30 days or more.
WARNING: Never store the tractor with
gasoline in the tank inside a building where
fumes may reach an open flame or spark.
Allow the engine to cool before storing in
any enclosure.
TRACTOR
Remove mower from tractor for winter
storage. When mower is to be stored for a
period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a clean,
dry area.
1. Clean entire tractor (See "CLEANING"
in the Maintenance
section of this
manual).
2. Inspect and replace belts, if necessary
(See belt replacement instructions in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual).
3. Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
4. Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws
are securely fastened. Inspect moving
parts for damage, breakage and wear.
Replace if necessary.
5. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before painting.
BATTERY
* Fully charge the battery for storage.
* After a period of time in storage, battery
may require recharging.
* To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during long periods of storage, battery
cables should be disconnected and battery cleaned thoroughly (see "TO CLEAN
BATTERY AND TERMINALS"
in the
Maintenance section of this manual).
* After cleaning, leave cables disconnected
and place cables where they cannot come
in contact with battery terminals.
* If battery is removed from tractor for
storage, do not store battery directly on
concrete or damp surfaces.
OTHER
* Do not store gasoline from one season to
another.
* Replace your gasoline can if your can starts
to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline
will cause problems.
* If possible, store your tractor indoors and
cover itto give protection from dust and dirt.
* Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture.
Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe
which allows condensation to form and will
cause your tractor to rust.
IMPORTANT:
Never cover tractor while
engine and exhaust areas are still warm.
27
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center
CAUSE
PROBLEM
Will not start
1
Out of fuel.
1
Fill fuel tank.
2
Engine
not "CHOKED"
2
See "TO START ENGINE"
Operation section.
3
Engine
flooded.
3
Wait several minutes
attempting to start.
4
Bad spark
4
Replace
5
6
Dirty air filter.
5
Clean/replace
Dirty fuel filter.
6
Replace
7
Water in fuel.
7
Empty fuel tank and carburetor,
refill tank with fresh gasoline and
replace fuel filter.
8
Loose or damaged
8
Check all wiring.
9
Carburetor
9
See "To Adjust Carburetor"
in
Service and Adjustments
section.
10
Contact a Sears or other qualified
service center.
10
Hard to start
Engine will not
turn over
Engine clicks but
will not start
CORRECTION
Engine
properly.
plug.
wiring.
out of adjustment.
valves
out of adjustment.
in
before
spark plug.
air filter.
fuel filter.
1
Dirty air filter.
1
Clean/replace
2
Bad spark
2
Replace
3
Weak or dead battery.
3
Recharge
4
Dirty fuel filter.
4
Replace
5
Stale or dirty fuel.
5
Empty fuel tank and refill tank with
fresh, clean gasoline.
6
Loose or damaged
6
Check all wiring.
7
Carburetor
7
See "To Adjust Carburetor"
in
Service and Adjustments
section.
8
Engine
out of adjustment.
8
Contact a Sears or other qualified
service center.
1
Clutch/brake
pedal not depressed.
1
Depress
2
Attachment
2
Disengage
3
Weak or dead battery.
3
Recharge
4
Blown fuse.
5
Corroded
6
Loose or damaged
7
Faulty ignition
8
Faulty solenoid
9
Faulty operator
switch(es).
1
2
3
Loose or damaged
4
Faulty solenoid
plug.
wiring.
out of adjustment.
valves
clutch
is engaged.
air filter.
spark plug.
or replace
battery.
fuel filter.
clutch/brake
pedal.
attachment
or replace
clutch.
battery.
4
Replace
terminals.
5
Clean
wiring.
6
Check all wiring.
7
Check/replace
ignition
or starter.
8
Check/replace
solenoid
presence
9
Contact a Sears or other qualified
service center.
Weak or dead battery.
1
Recharge
Corroded
terminals.
2
Clean
wiring.
3
Check all wiring.
or starter.
4
Check/replace
battery
switch.
battery
28
fuse.
battery
terminals.
or replace
battery
switch.
or starter.
battery.
terminals.
solenoid
or starter.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in manual unless directed to Sears service center
CAUSE
PROBLEM
Loss of power
Excessive
vibration
CORRECTION
1
Cutting too much grass/too
2
Throttle
in "CHOKE"
and
1
Raise cutting height/reducespeed
2
Adjust
3
Clean underside
housing.
4
Clean/replace
throttle
control.
of mower
3
Build-up of grass, leaves
trash under mower.
4
Dirty air filter.
5
Low oil level/dirty
5
Check oil level/change
6
Faulty spark plug.
6
Clean &regap
7
Dirty fuel filter.
7
Replace
8
Stale or dirty fuel.
8
Empty fuel tank and refill tank wigfresh, clean gasoline.
9
Water
9
Empty fuel tank and carburetor,
refill tank with fresh gasoline and
replace fuel filter.
oil.
in fuel.
10
Spark plug wire
11
Dirty engine
12
Dirty/clogged
13
Loose or damaged
14
Carburetor
15
Engine
air filter.
oil.
or changespark
plug
fuel filter.
loose.
10
Connect
air screen/fins.
11
Clean
12
Clean/replace
13
Check all wiring.
out of adjustment.
14
See "To Adjust Carburetor"
in
Service and Adjustments
section.
valves out of adjustment.
15
Contact a Sears
service center
muffler.
wiring.
1
Worn,
2
Bent blade
3
Loose/damaged
Engine continues to
run when operator
leaves seat with attachment clutch engaged
1
Faulty operator-safety
control system.
Poor cut = uneven
cutting
1
Worn,
2
Mower
deck not level.
3
4
Mower blades will
not rotate
fast.
position.
bent or loose blade.
& tighten spark
plug wire
engine air screen/fins.
muffler.
or other qualified
1
Replace
2
Contact a Sears
service center
3
Tighten loose part(s).
Replace damaged parts.
1
Check wiring, switches and
connections.
If not corrected,
contact a Sears or other
1
Replace
2
Level mower
Buildup of grass, leaves, and
trash under mower.
3
Clean underside
housing.
of mower
Bent blade
mandrel.
4
Contact a Sears
qualified service
or other
center.
Clogged mower deck vent from
build-up of grass, leaves, and
trash around mandrels.
5
Clean around mandrels
open vent holes.
1
Obstruction
1
Remove
obstruction.
2
Worn/damaged
2
Replace
mower
3
Frozen
idler pulley.
3
Replace
idler pulley.
4
Frozen
blade mandrel.
4
Contact a Sears
qualified service
mandrel.
part(s).
presence
bent or loose blade.
in clutch
mechanism.
mower
29
drive belt
blade. Tighten
blade
bolt
or other qualified
blade. Tighten
blade
deck.
to
drive belt.
or other
center.
bolt
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART:
See appropriate section in rnanual unless directed to Sears service center
CAUSE
PROBLEM
Poor grass
discharge
Headlight(s) not
working
(if so equipped)
Battery will not
charge
Loss of drive
1
Engine
2
CORRECTION
speed too slow.
1
Place throttle
position.
control
Travel speed too fast.
2
Shift to slower speed.
3
Wet grass.
4
Mower
5
Low/uneven
6
Worn, bent or loose blade.
7
in "FAST"
3
Allow grass
not level.
4
Level mower
tire air pressure.
5
Check tires for proper
6
Replace/sharpen
blade bolt.
Buildup of grass, leaves and
trash under mower,
7
Clean underside
housing.
8
Mower
drive belt worn.
8
Replace
mower
drive belt.
9
Blades
improperly
9
Reinstall
blades
sharp edge down.
deck
installed.
blades
used.
10
to dry before
PSI.
blade. Tighten
of mower
10
Improper
11
Clogged mower deck vent holes
11
from buildup of grass, leaves, and
trash around mandrels.
Clean around mandrels
open vent holes.
1
Light switch
1
Turn light switch "ON".
2
Bulb(s)
2
Replace
3
Faulty light switch.
3
Check/replace
4
Loose or damaged
4
Check wiring
5
Blown fuse.
5
Replace
fuse.
1
Bad battery
1
Replace
battery.
2
Poor cable connections.
2
Check/clean
3
Faulty regulator
3
Replace
regulator.
alternator.
is "OFF".
or lamp(s)
burned
out.
wiring.
cell(s).
(if so equipped).
mowing.
deck.
Replace with blades
this manual.
bulb(s)
listed in
to
or lamp(s).
light switch.
and connections.
all connections.
4
Faulty alternator.
4
Replace
1
Freewheel control in
"DISENGAGED"
position.
1
Place freewheel control in
"ENGAGED"
position.
2
Debris on steering
equipped),
2
See "CLEANING"
in the
maintenance
section.
3
Motion drive belt worn, damaged,
or broken.
3
Replace
4
Purge transmission.
5
Install axle key at rear wheel. See
"TO REMOVE WHEEL" in the
Service and Adjustments
section.
plate (if
4
I Air trapped in transmission
shipment or servicing.
5
I Axle
during
key missing.
Engine "backfires"
when turning
engine "OFF"
Engine
between
position
Engine dies when
tractor is shifted
into reverse
Reverse operation system (ROS)
is not "ON" while mower or other
attachment
is engaged.
throttle
control
not sel
half and full speed (fast)
before stopping
engine.
30
motion drive belt.
Move throttle control between
half and full speed (fast) position
before stopping engine.
Turn ignition key to ROS "ON"
position. See Operation section.
SUGGESTED
GUIDE FOR SIGHTING
SLOPES
FOR SAFE OPERATION
o3
WARNING: To avoid serious injury, operate your tractor up and
down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow
slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent
tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes.
1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.
2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree
trunk or other upright structure.
3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.
4o Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill
11.25.09
CL
JCRI_FTSMI:IWJ
Printed in the U.S.A.
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