Buick | 1998 Century | Owner`s manual | Buick 1998 Century Owner`s manual

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The 1998 Buick Century Owner’s Manual
1-1
Seats and Restraint Systems
This section tells you how to use your seats and safety belts properly. It also explains the “SRS” system.
2-1
Features
and
Controls
This section explains how to start and operate your vehicle.
3-1
Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you how to adjust the ventilation and comfort controls and how to operate your audio system.
4- 1
Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find helpful information and tips about the road and howto drive under different conditions.
5- 1
Problems on the Road
This section tells what to do if you have a problem while driving, such as a flat tire or overheated engine, etc.
6- 1
Service and Appearance Care
Here the manual tells you how to keep your vehicle running properly andlooking good.
7-1
Maintenance Schedule
This section tells you when to perform vehicle maintenance and what fluids and lubricants to use.
8- 1
Customer Assistance Information
This section tells you how to contact Buick for assistance and how to get service and owner publications.
It also gives you information on “Reporting Safety Defects” on page 8-8.
9- 1
Index
Here’s an alphabetical listing of almost every subject in this manual. You can use it to quickly find
something you want to read.
i
We support voluntary
technician certification.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM, the GM Emblem, BUICK,
the BUICK Emblem and the name CENTURY are
registered trademarks of General Motors Corporation.
This manual includes the latest information at the time it
was printed. We reserve the right to make changes in the
product after that time without furthernotice. For
vehicles first sold in Canada, substitute the name
“General Motors of Canada Limited” for Buick Motor
Division whenever it appears in this manual.
Please keep this manual in your vehicle, so it will be
there if you ever need it when you’re on the road. If you
sell the vehicle, please leave this manual in it so the new
owner can use it.
Litho in U.S.A.
Part No. 10415722 B Second Edition
ii
WE SUPPORT
VOLUNTARY TECHNICIAN
CERTIFICATION THROUGH
National Institutefor
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
Foi- Lanadian Owners Who Prefer a
French Language Manual:
Aux propribtaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous
procurer un exemplaire de ce guide
en fraqais chez
votre concessionaire ou au:
DGN Marketing Services Ltd.
1577 Meyerside Dr.
Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1B9
0Copyright General Motors Corporation 1997
All Rights Reserved
~
How to Use this Manual
Many people read their owner’s manual from beginning
to end when they first receivetheir new vehicle. If
you do this, it will help you learn about the features
and controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll
find that pictures and words work together to explain
things quickly.
Index
A good place to look for what you need is the Index in
back of the manual. It’s an alphabetical listof what’s in
the manual, and the page number where you’ll find it.
Safety Warnings and Symbols
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book.
We use a box and the word CAUTION to tell you
about thingsthat could hurtyou if youwere to ignore
the warning.
These mean thereis something that could hurt
you or other people.
In the caution area, we tell you what the hazard is. Then
we tell you what to do to help avoid or reducethe
hazard. Please read these cautions. If you don’t, you or
others couldbe hurt.
You will also find a circle
with a slash through it in
this book. This safety
symbol means “Don’t,”
“Don’t do this” or “Don’t
let this happen.”
iii
VehicleDamage Warn
s
Also, in this book you will find thesenotices:
I NOTICE:
These mean thereis something that could
damage your vehicle.
In the notice area, we tell you about something that can
damage your vehicle. Many times, this damage would
not be covered by your warranty, and it could be
costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to help
avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals, you might see
CAUTION and NOTICE warnings in different
colors or in differentwords.
You’ll also see warning labels on your vehicle. They use
the same words, CAUTION or NOTICE.
iv
Vehicle Symbols
These are some of the symbols you may find on your vehicle.
For example,
these symbols
are used on an
original battery:
CAUTION
POSSIBLE
INJURY
A
These symbols
are important
for you and
your passengers
whenever your
vehicle is
driven:
CAUSTIC
"E
BELTS
4
BURNS
FLASHER
AVOID
SPARKS OR
FLAMES
SPARK OR
FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE
BAllERY
These symbols
are on some of
your controls:
These symbols
are used on
warning and
indicator lights:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
TURN
SIGNALS
DOOR LOCK
UNLOCK
PROTECT
EYES BY
SHIELDING
These symbols
have to do with
your lamps:
COOLANT
TEMP
e
A
BAllERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
BRAKE
COOLANT
WINDOW
DEFOGGER
POWER
WINDOW
-I-1
FOG LAMPS
30
VENTILATING
FAN
I
ANTI-LOCK
BRAKES
FUSE
LIGHTER
(a)
a
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE W
,\I/,
Here are some
other symbols
you may see:
b
HORN
SPEAKER
FUEL
n
b
b
e3
(@)
V
fi
vi
NOTES
Section 1 Seats and Restraint Systems
Here you’ll find information about the seats
in your Buick and how to use your safety belts properly. You can also
learn about some thingsyou should not do with air bags and safety belts.
1-2
1-5
1-10
1-11
1-11
1-18
1-19
1-19
1-26
1-28
Seats and Seat Controls
Safety Belts: They’re forEveryone
Here Are Questions Many People Ask About
Safety Belts -- and the Answers
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Driver Position
Safety BeltUse During Pregnancy
Right Front Passenger Position
Air Bag System
Center Passenger Position
Rear Seat Passengers
1-3 1
1-34
1-37
1-52
1-65
1-68
1-68
1-68
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides
for Children and Small Adults
Children
Built-in Child Restraint (Option)
Child Restraints
Larger Children
Safety Belt Extender
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
1-1
Seats and Seat Controls
2-Way Manual Seat
This section tells you how to adjust the seats and
explains the reclining seatbacks
and head restraints.
Manual Front Seat
You can lose control of the vehicle if youtry to
adjust a manual driver’s seat while the vehicle is
moving. The sudden movement couldstartle and
confuse you,or make you push a pedal when you
don’t want to. Adjust the driver’s seat only when
the vehicle isnot moving.
Lift the bar under the front of the seat using an upward
motion. This will unlock the seat. Slide the seat to where
you want it and release the bar. Try to move the seat
with your body to be sure the seat is locked into place.
1-2
6-Way Power Seat (If Equipped)
This switch is designed to imitate the movements of
your seat cushion. The driver’s switch is located on the
left side of the driver’s seat cushion. The passenger’s
switch is located on the right side of the passenger’s seat
cushion. To move the seat forward or rearward, push the
switch forward or rearward. To raise or lower the entire
seat, push the switch up or down. To raise or lower the
front portion of your seat, push the front of the switch
up or down. To raise or lowerthe rear portion of your
seat, push the rear of the switch up or down.
You may have a six-way power driver’s seat and a
six-way power passenger’s seat (if equipped).
1-3
Reclining Front Seatbacks
Lift the lever to release the seatback, then move the
seatback to where you want it. Release the lever to lock
the seatback into place. Pull up on the lever without
pushing on the seatback and the seatback will
move forward.
1-4
But don’t have a seatback reclined if your vehicle
is moving.
I
A C, UTION:
’
A
Safety Belts: They’re for Everyone
This part of the manual tells you how to use safety belts
properly. It also tells you some things you should not do
with safety belts.
Sitting in a reclined position when your
vehicle is
in motion can be dangerous. Even
if you buckle
And it explains the air bag system.
up, your safety belts can’t do their job when
you’re reclined likethis.
The shoulder belt can’t do its job because it
won’t be against your body. Instead, itwill be in
front of you. In a crashyou could go into it,
Don’t let anyone ride where he
or she can’t wear
receiving neck or other injuries.
a safety belt properly.If you are in a crash and
The lap belt can’t do its job either. In a crash the you’re not wearinga safety belt, your injuries
belt could go up over your abdomen. The belt
can be much worse. You can hit things inside the
forces would be there, notat your pelvic bones.
vehicle or be ejected fromit. You can be seriously
This could cause serious internal injuries.
injured or killed. In the same crash,you might
not be if you are buckled up.Always fasten your
For proper protection when the vehicle is in
safety belt, and check that your passengers’ belts
motion, have the seatback upright. Then sit
well
back in the seat and wear your safety belt properly. are fastened properlytoo.
Head Restraints
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the
restraint is closest tothe top of your ears. This position
reduces the chance of a neck injury in a crash.
1-5
In most states and Canadian provinces, the law says to
wear safety belts. Here’s why: They work.
CAU-ION:
I
It is extremely dangerous to ride
in a cargo area,
inside or outsideof a vehicle. In a collision,
people riding in these areas are more
likeIy to be
seriously injured orkilled. Do not allow people to
ride in any area
of your vehicle that is not
equipped with seats and safetybelts. Be sure
everyone in yourvehicle is in a seat and usinga
safety belt properly.
Your vehicle has a light
that comes on as a reminder
to buckle up. (See “Safety
Belt Reminder Light” in
the Index.)
1-6
You never know if you’ll be in a crash.If you do have a
crash, you don’t know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are mild, and some crashes can be so
serious that even buckled up a person wouldn’t survive.
But most crashes are in between. In many of them,
people who buckle up can survive and sometimes walk
away. Without belts they could have been badly hurt
or killed.
After more than 30 years of safety belts in vehicles,
the facts are clear. In most crashes buckling up does
matter ... a lot!
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as
it goes.
Put someone on it.
Take the simplest vehicle. Suppose it’s just a seat
on wheels.
Get it up to speed. Then stop the vehicle. The rider
doesn't stop.
1-8
The person keeps going until stopped by something.
In a real vehicle, it could be the windshield ...
or the instrument panel...
or the safety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehicle does.
You get more time to stop. You stop overmore distance,
and your strongest bones take the forces. That’swhy
safety belts make such good sense.
Here Are Questions Many People Ask @
About Safety Belts-- and the Answers
A:
Q: Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle after an
accident ifI’m wearing a safety belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety
belt or not. But you can unbuckle a safety belt,
even if you’re upside down. And your chance of
being conscious during and after an accident, so
you can unbuckle and get out,is much greater if
you are belted.
@
If my vehiclehas air bags, why should I have to
wear safety belts?
A:
Air bags are in many vehicles today and will be in
most of them in the future. But they are
supplemental systems only; so they work with
safety belts -- not instead of them. Every air bag
system ever offered for salehas required the use of
safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has air
bags, you still have to buckleup to get the most
protection. That’s true not only in frontal collisions,
but especially in sideand other collisions.
1-10
If I’m a good driver, and I never drive far from
home, why shouldI wear safety belts?
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an
accident -- even one that isn’t your fault -- you
and your passengers can be hurt. Being a good
driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occur within 25 miles (40 km) of
home. And the greatest number of serious injuries
and deaths occur at speeds of less than 40 mph
(65 km/h).
Safety belts are foreveryone.
How to Wear Safety Belts Properly
Adults
This part is only for people of adult size.
Be aware that there are special things to
know about safety
belts and children. And thereare different rules for smaller
children and babies.If a child will be ridingin your
vehicle, see the part of this manual called “Children.”
Follow those rules for everyone’s protection.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your
vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
Driver Position
This part describes the driver’s restraint system.
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’s how to wear
it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index)
so you can sit up straight.
3. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulder belt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
1-11
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure. If
the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt
Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is
positioned so you would be able tounbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
-
The lap part of the belt should be worn low andsnug on
the hips, just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’dbe less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen. This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go
over the shoulder and across the chest. These parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
5. To make the lap part tight, pull down on the buckle
end of the belt as you pull up on the shoulder belt.
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop or crash,or
if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster
Before you begin to drive, move the shoulderbelt
adjuster tothe height that is right for you.
I
To move it down, squeeze the release leverand move
the height adjusterto the desired position. You can move
the adjuster up just by pushing up on the shoulder belt
guide. After you move the adjuster towhere you want it,
try to move it down without squeezing the release lever
to make sure ithas locked into position.
Adjust the height so that the shoulder portion of the
belt is centered on your shoulder. The belt should be
away from your face and neck, but not falling off
your shoulder.
1-13
@
What’s wrong with this?
b
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt
if your shoulder belt is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt should fit against your
body.
A:
The shoulder belt is too loose. It won’t give nearly
as much protection this way.
1-14
What's wrong withthis?
A CAUTION:
I
rn
You can be seriously injured if your belt is
buckled in the wrong place like this.In a crash,
the belt would go up over your abdomen. The
belt forces would bethere, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause serious internal injuries.
Always buckleyour belt into the buckle
nearest you.
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
1-15
@
What’s wrong with this?
You can be seriously injuredif you wear the
shoulder belt under your arm. aIncrash, your
body would move toofar forward, which would
increase the chanceof head and neck injury.
Also, the belt would apply too much force to the
ribs, which aren’t as strong as shoulderbones.
You could also severeIy injure internal organs
like your liver or spleen.
I
A:
I
I
1
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
The shoulder beltis worn under the arm. It should
be worn over the shoulder atall times.
@
What’s wrong with this?
/I\
/--\
C IUTION:
I
You can be seriously injured by a twisted belt. In
a crash, you wouldn’t have the full width
of the
belt to spread impact forces. aIfbelt is twisted,
make it straightso it can work properly, or ask
your dealer tofix it.
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
1-17
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant
women. Like all occupants, they are more likely to be
seriously injured if they don’t wear safety belts.
To unlatch the belt, just push the button on the buckle.
The belt should go back out of the way.
Before you close the door, be sure the belt is out of the
way. If youslam the door on it,you can damage both the
belt and your vehicle.
A pregnant woman should wear a lap-shoulder belt, and
the lap portion should be worn as low as possible, below
the rounding, throughout the pregnancy.
The best way to protectthe fetus is to protectthe
mother. When a safety belt is worn properly, it’s more
likely that the fetus won’t be hurt in a crash. For
pregnant women, as for anyone,the key to making
safety belts effectiveis wearing them properly.
Right Front Passenger Posil - In
To learn how to wear the right front passenger’s safety
belt properly, see “Driver Position” earlier in this section.
The right frontpassenger’s safety beltworks the same
way as the driver’ssafety belt -- except for onething.
If you ever pull the shoulder portionof the belt outall
the way, you will engage the child restraint locking
feature. If this happens, just letthe belt go back all the
way and start again.
Air Bag System
This part explainsthe air bag system.
Your vehicle has“Next Generation” reduced-force
frontal airbags -- one air bag for the driverand another
air bag for the right frontpassenger.
Reduced-force frontal airbags are designed to help
reduce the riskof injury from the force of an inflating
air bag.But even these airbags must inflate very
quickly if they are todo their job and comply with
federal regulations.
Here are the most important things toknow about the air
bag system:
--
I
You can be severelyinjured or killed in a crash if
you aren’t wearing your safety belt even if you
have air bags. Wearing your safety belt during a
crash helps reduce your chance of hitting things
inside the vehicle or being ejected from it. Air
bags are “supplemental restraints” to the safety
belts. All air bags even reduced-force air
bags are designed to work with safety belts,
but don’t replace them. Air bags are designed to
work only inmoderate to severe crashes where
the frontof your vehicle hits something. They
aren’t designed to inflate at all in rollover, rear,
side or low-speed frontal crashes. And, for
unrestrained occupants, reduced-force air bags
may provide less protection in frontal crashes
than more forceful air bags have provided in the
past. Everyone in your vehicle should wear a
safety beltproperly whether or not there’s an
air bag for that person.
--
--
--
--
1-19
a
CAUTION:
Air bags inflate with great force, faster than the
an inflating
blink of an eye. If you’re too close to
air bag, it could seriously injure
you. This is true
even with reduced-force frontal air bags. Safety
belts help keepyou in position beforeand during
a crash. Always wear your safetybelt, even with
reduced-force air bags, The driver should sit as
far back as possible while still maintaining
control of the vehicle.
JTIO
lontinued)
-
adults, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt system nor its
air bag systemis designed for them.Young
children and infants need the protection that a
child restraint system can provide.
Always secure
children properly in your
vehicle, To read how,
see the part of this manual called “Children” and
see the caution labels on the sunvisors and the
right front passenger’s safety belt,
There is an air bag readiness
light on the instrument
panel, which shows the
air bag symbol.
Children who are up against, or very
close to, an
air bag when it inflates can be seriously injured
or killed. This is true even though your
vehicle
has reduced-force frontal airbags. Air bags plus
lap-shoulder belts offer the best protection for
CAUTION: (Continued)
1-20
The system checks the air bag electrical system for
malfunctions. The light tells you if there is an electrical
problem. See “Air Bag Readiness Light” in the Index
for more information.
How the Air Bag System Works
b
The right frontpassenger’s air bag is in theinstrument
panel on the passenger’s side.
Where are the air bags?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.
1-21
When shouldan airbag inflate?
If something is betweenan occupant and an air
bag, the bag mightnot inflate properly or it
might force the object into that person. The path
of an inflating air bag must be kept clear. Don’t
put anything between an occupant and anair
bag, and don’t attach or put anything on the
steering wheel hub or on or near any other air
bag covering.
An air bag is designed to inflate in a moderate to severe
frontal or near-frontal crash. The air bag will inflate
only if the impact speed is above the system’s designed
“threshold level.” If your vehicle goes straight into a
wall that doesn’t move or deform, thethreshold level is
about 9 to 15 mph (14 to 24 km/h). The threshold level
can vary, however, with specific vehicle design, so that
it can be somewhat above or below this range. If your
vehicle strikes something that will move or deform,such
as a parked car, the threshold level will be higher. The
air bag is not designed to inflate in rollovers, side
impacts or rearimpacts, because inflation would not
help the occupant.
In any particular crash, no one can say whether an air
bag should have inflated simply because of the damage
to a vehicle or because of what the repair costs were.
Inflation is determined by the angleof the impact and
how quickly the vehicle slows down in frontal or
near-frontal impacts.
What makesan air bag inflate?
What will you see afteran air bag inflates?
In an impact of sufficient severity, the air bag sensing
system detects that the vehicle is in a crash. The sensing
system triggers a release of gas from the inflator, which
inflates the air bag. The
inflator, air bag and related
hardware are all part of the airbag modules inside the
steering wheel and in the instrumentpanel in front of the
right front passenger.
After an air bag inflates, itquickly deflates, so
quickly that some people may not even realize the
air bag inflated. Somecomponents of the air bag
module -- the steering wheel hub for the driver’s air
bag, or the instrument panel for the right front
passenger’s bag -- will be hot for a short time. The
parts of the bag that come into contactwith you may be
warm, but not too hot to touch. There will be some
smoke and dust coming from ventsin the deflatedair
bags. Air bag inflation doesn’t prevent the driver from
seeing orfrom being ableto steer the vehicle, nor does it
stop people from leavingthe vehicle.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal ornear-frontal collisions,
even belted occupants can contact the steering
wheel or
the instrumentpanel. Air bags supplement the protection
provided by safety belts.Air bags distribute the forceof
the impact more evenly over theoccupant’s upper body,
stopping theoccupant more gradually. But air bags
would not help you in many types of collisions,
including rollovers,rear impacts and side impacts,
primarily because an occupant’s motion is not toward
those air bags.Air bags should never be regarded as
anything morethan a supplement to safety belts,
and then only in moderate to severe frontal or
near-frontal collisions.
1-23
When an air bag
inflates, thereis dust in the air.
This dust could cause breathing problems for
people with a history of asthma or other
‘breathing trouble.To avoid this, everyone in the
do so.
vehicle should get out as soon as it is safe
to
If you have breathing problems but can’t get out
of the vehicle after an air bag
inflates, then get
fresh air by opening a window or door.
In many crashes severeenough to inflate an air bag,
windshields are broken by vehicle deformation.
Additional windshield breakage may also occur from the
right front passenger air bag.
0
Air bags are designed to inflate only once. After they
inflate, you’ll need some new parts for your air bag
system. If you don’t get them, the air
bag system
won’t be there to helpprotect you in another crash.
A new system will include airbag modules and
possibly other parts.The service manual for your
vehicle covers the need to replace other parts.
1-24
0
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensingand
diagnostic module, which records information
about the air bag system. The module records
information about the readiness of the system,
when the sensors are activated and driver’s safety
belt usage at deployment.
0
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag
system. Improper service can mean that your
air bag system won’t work properly. See your dealer
for service.
NOTICE:
If you damage the covering for the driver’s or the
right front passenger’sair bag, the bag may not
work properly. You may have to replace the air
bag module in the steering
wheel or both the air
bag module and the instrument panel for the
right front passenger’s air
bag. Do not openor
break the air bag coverings.
If your vehicle ever getsinto a lot of water -- such as
water up to the carpeting or higher-- or if water enters
your vehicle and soaks the carpet, the air
bag controller
can be soaked and ruined. If this ever happens,and then
you start your vehicle, the damage couldmake the air
bags inflate, even if there’s no crash. You would have to
replace the air bags as well as the sensors and related
parts. If your vehicle is ever in a flood, or
if it’s exposed
to water that soaks the carpet, you can avoid needless
repair costsby turning off the vehicleimmediately.
Don’t let anyone start the vehicle, even to tow it, unless
the battery cables are first disconnected.
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle
Air bags affect how your vehicle should be serviced.
There are partsof the air bag system in several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want the system to
inflate while someone is working on your vehicle. Your
dealer and the Century Service Manual have information
about servicingyour vehicle and the air bag system. To
purchase a servicemanual, see “Serviceand Owner
Publications” inthe Index.
.
For up to 10 minutes after the ignition key is
turned off and the battery is disconnected,an air
bag can still inflate during improper service. You
can be injured if you are close to an airbag when
it inflates. Avoid yellow connectors. Theyare
probably part of the air bag system. Be sure to
follow proper service procedures, and make sure
the person performing work for you is qualified
to do so.
The airbag system does not need regular maintenance.
1-25
Lap Belt
If your vehicle has a bench seat, someone can sit in the
center position.
When you sit in a center seating position, you have a lap
safety belt, which has no retractor. To make the belt
longer, tilt the latch plate and pull it along the belt.
Buckle, position and release it the same way as the lap
part of a lap-shoulder belt. If the belt isn’t long enough,
see “Safety Belt Extender” at the end of this section.
Make sure the release button on the buckle is positioned
so you would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if you ever had to.
Rear Seat Passengers
It’s very important for rear seat passengers to buckle up!
Accident statistics show that unbelted people in the rear
seat are hurtmore often in crashes than those who are
wearing safety belts.
I
To make the belt shorter, pull its freeend as shown until
the belt is snug.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown
out of the vehiclein a crash. And they can strike others
in the vehicle who are wearing safety belts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The positions next tothe windows have lap-shoulder
belts. Here’s how to wear one properly.
1. Pick up the latch plate and pull the belt across you.
Don’t let it get twisted.
The shoulderbelt may lock if you pull the belt across
you very quickly. If this happens, let the belt go back
slightly to unlock it. Then pull the belt across you
more slowly.
2. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
Pull up on the latch plate to make sure it is secure.
When the shoulderbelt is pulled out all theway, it
will lock. If it does, let it go back all theway and
start again. If the belt is not long enough, see“Safety
of this section. Make sure
Belt Extender” at the end
the release buttonon the buckle is positioned
so you
would be able to unbuckle the safety belt quickly
if
you ever had to.
3. To make the lap part tight, pull down
on the buckle
end of the beltas you pull up on the shoulder part.
1-29
The safety belt locks if there’s a sudden stop ora crash,
or if you pull the belt very quickly out of the retractor.
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is
too loose. In a crash, you would move forward
too much, which could increase injury. The
shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
The lap part of the belt should be worn low and snug on
the hips,just touching the thighs.In a crash, this applies
force to the strong pelvic bones. And you’d be less likely
to slide under the lap belt. If you slid under it, the belt
would apply force at your abdomen.This could cause
serious or even fatal injuries.The shoulder belt shouldgo
over the shoulder and across the chest. These
parts of the
body are best able to take belt restraining forces.
1-30
Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides for
Children and Small Adults
Rear shoulder belt comfort guides will provide added
safety belt comfort for childrenwho have outgrown
child restraints and for small adults.When installed on a
shoulder belt, the comfort guide pullsthe belt away
from the neck and head.
There is one guide for
each outside passengerposition in
the rear seat. To provide added safety belt comfort for
children who have outgrown child restraints and for
smaller adults,the comfort guides may be installed on
the shoulder belts. Here’s how to install a comfort guide
and use the safety belt:
J
To unlatch the belt, justpush the button on the buckle.
1-31
1. Pull the elastic cord out from between the edge of
the seatback and the interior body to remove the
guide from its storage clip.
1-32
2. Slide theguide under and past the belt. The elastic
cord must be under the belt. Then, place the guide
over the belt, and insert the two edges of the belt into
the slots of the guide.
3. Be sure that the belt is not twisted and it lies flat.
The elastic cordmust be under the belt and the guide
on top.
4. Buckle, position and release the safety belt as
described in “Rear Seat OutsidePassenger Positions”
earlier in this section. Make sure that the shoulder
belt crossesthe shoulder.
1-33
To remove and store thecomfort guides, squeezethe
belt edgestogether so that you can take them out from
the guides.Pull the guideupward to expose its storage
clip, and then slide the guide ontothe clip. Rotate the
guide and clip inward and in between the seatback and
the interior body, leaving only the loop of elastic
cord exposed.
Children
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! That includes
infants and all children smaller than adult size. Neither
the distance traveled nor the age and size of the traveler
changes the need, for everyone,to use safety restraints.
In fact,the law in every state in the United States and in
every Canadian province says children up to some age
must be restrained while in a vehicle.
Smaller Childrenand Bahies
I
E ,CAUTION:
Children who are upagainst, or very close to,any
air bag when it inflates can be seriouslyinjured
or killed. This is true even though your vehicle
has reduced-force frontal air bags. Air bags plus
lap-shoulder belts offerthe best protection for
adults, but not for young children and infants.
Neither the vehicle’s safety belt systemnor its air
bag system is designedfor them. Young chiIdren
and infants need the protection that a child
restraint system can provide. Alwayssecure
children properly in your vehicle.
/1\ CAUTION:
Smaller children and babies should always be
restrained in a child or infant restraint. The
instructions for the restraint will say whether it is
the righttype and size for your child. A very
young child’ship bones are so small that a
regular belt might not stay low on the hips, as it
should. Instead, the belt will likely be over the
child’s abdomen. In a crash, thebelt would apply
force right on the child’s abdomen, which could
cause serious or fatal injuries. So, be sure that
any child small enough for one isalways properly
restrained in a child or infant restraint.
Infants need complete support, including support for the
head and neck. This isnecessary because an infant’s
neck is weak and its head weighs so much compared
with the rest of its body. In a crash, an infant in a
rear-facing restraint settles into the restraint, so the
crash forces can be distributed across the strongest part
of the infant’s body, the back and shoulders. A baby
should be secured in an appropriate infant restraint.
This is so important that many hospitals today won’t
release a newborn infant to its parents unless there is
an infant restraint available for the baby’s first trip in a
motor vehicle.
1-35
at only 25 mph (40 km/h), a 12-lb. (5.5 kg) baby
will suddenly become a 240-lb. (110 kg) force on
your arms. The baby would be almost impossible
to hold.
Secure the baby inan infant restraint.
i
A CAUTION:
I
-
Never hold a baby inyour arms while riding in a
vehicle. A baby doesn’t weigh much until a
crash. During a crash a baby will becomeso
heavy you can’t hold it.For example, ina crash
CAUTION: (Continued)
--
1-36
Built-in Child Restraint (Option)
This child restraint is designed for use only by children
who weigh between 22 and 60 pounds (10 and 27 kg)
and whose height is between 33.5 and 5 1 inches
(850 and 1 295 mm) and who are capable of sitting
upright alone.
The child should also be at least oneyear old. It is
important to use a rear-facing infant restraintuntil the
child is about ayear old. A rear-facing restraint gives
the infant’s head, neck and body the support they would
need in a crash. See “Child Restraints” later in this
section for more information.
If your vehicle hasthis option, there’s a built-in child
restraint in the center rearseat position. This child
restraint system conforms to all applicable Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
1-37
@
Which slots should I use for my child?
A:
With the child seated on the child restraint cushion,
use the pair of slots that is at or just above the top
of the child’s shoulders.
With this built-in child restraint, you can adjust the
height of the harness. Depending on the seated height
of the child,you can route it through the upper pair of
slots (A), the middle pair of slots (B) or thelower pair
of slots (C).
For the child shown here, the harness should go through
the middle pair of slots (B).
1-38
&.’ What if the top of my child’s shouldersis above
the highest pairof slots?
A:
A child whose shoulders are above the highest slots
shouldn’t use thischild restraint. Instead, the child
should sit on the vehicle’s seat cushionand use the
vehicle’s safety belts.
A CAUTION:
MAKE SURE THE TOP OF THE CHILD’S
SHOULDERS IS BELOW THE SLOTS THAT
THE HARNESS GOES THROUGH.A CHILD
WHOSE SHOULDERS ARE ABOVE THOSE
SLOTS COULDBE INJURED DURINGA
SUDDEN STOP OR CRASH. IF THE TOP
OF THE CHILD’S SHOULDERSIS ABOVE
THE SLOTS, DON’T USE THIS CHILD
RESTRAINT. INSTEAD,THE CHILD SHOULD
SIT ON THE VEHICLE’S REGULAR SEAT
AND USE THE REGULAR SAFETYBELTS.
1-39
Adjusting the Harness Height
....
. .:'....;&
2. If the left and right halves of the shoulder harness
clip are fatened together, separate them.
1. Lower the child restraint cushion.
1-40
3. If the lap-shoulder harness is buckled, unlatch it by
pushing the button on the buckle.
4. Pull down the seatback part of the pad (D).
1-41
5. Select one side of the harness. Add some slack to the
shoulder part by pulling up on the lap part.You'll
keep most of this slack untilyou finish Step9.
6. Feed a smallamount of harness slack back into
the slot.
7. Twist the harness slightly to remove it from the slot.
1-42
I
f
8. Move the harness up or down to the cprrect slot. The
correct slotis the onethat will be ator just above the
top of the child's shoulder.
9. Twist the harness slightly to route through
it
the
correct slot.
1-43
10. Pull on the harness. Make sure it is properly routed
and isn't twisted or flippedover.
Securing a Child in the Built-in
Child Restraint
11. Repeat Steps 5 through 10 for the other side of
the harness. Be sure both sides areadjusted to the
same height.
12. Move the pad back against the child restraint
seatback. Make sure the harnessgoes through the
slots in the pad that match the height adjustment
slots being used,
13. Press the upper edge of the pad against the
fastener strip.
Now that the harness is adjusted to the correct height for
your child, you're ready to usethe child restraint's
harness (E) to secure your child.
Don't use the vehicle's safety belts.
1-44
Using the vehicle’s regular safety beltson a child
seated on the child restraint cushion can cause
serious injury tothe child in a sudden stop or
crash. If a child isthe proper size for the built-in
child restraint, secure the child using the child
restraint’s harness. But children who are too
large forthe built-in child restraint should sit on
the vehicle’s regular seat and
use the regular
safety belts.
WARNING! FAILURE TO FOLLOW THE
MANUFACTURER’S INSTRUCTIONSON THE
USE OF THISCHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM CAN
RESULT IN YOUR CHILD STRIKINGTHE
VEiHICLE’S INTERIOR DURING A SUDDEN
STOP OR CRASH.
1. If the left and right halves of the shoulder harness
clip are fastened together, separate them.
SNUGLY ADJUST THE BELTS PROVIDED WITH
THIS CHILD RESTRAINT AROUNDYOUR CHILD.
1-45
2. If the lap-shoulder harness is buckled, unlatch it by
pushing the button on the buckle.
3. Place the child on the child restraintcushion.
4. Select only one side of the harness. Pull the lap part
of the harness out, and place the harness over the
child’s shoulder.
If both sides of the harness are pulled out, the lap
parts will lock. If the lap partslock, let both sides of
the harness go back all the way so each side will
move freely again. Then repeat this step, pulling
only one sideof the harness out.
1-46
5. Push the latch plate (F) into the buckle until it clicks.
Be sure the buckle is free of any foreign objectsthat
may prevent you from securing the latch plates. If
you can’t secure a latch plate, see your dealer for
service before using the child restraint.
6. In a single motion, pull the other side of the harness
all the way out. Keeping the harness pulledall the
way out, place itover the child’s shoulder.
7 . Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
to make sure theyare secure. A
Pull on both latch plates
green indicator will show in each latch plate window
(G).
If the harness locks before the latch plate reaches the
buckle, let the harness
go a11 the way backso it will move
freely again. Then repeat Steps6 and 7. Be sure to keep
the harness pulled allthe way out until you buckle it.
Once both sidesof the lap-shoulder harnessare pulled
out of the retractor and buckled, the harness will lock.
1-47
An unfastened shoulder harness clip won’t help
keep the harness in place onthe child’s shoulders.
If the harness isn’t on the child’s shoulders, it
won’t beable to restrainthe child’s upper body
in a sudden stop or crash. The child could be
seriously injured. Make sure theharness clip is
properly fastened.
8. Now fasten the left and right halves of the shoulder
harness clip together. The indicator window (H) on
the clip will show green when the two halves are
fastened together. The purpose of this clip is to help
keep the harness positioned on the child’s shoulders.
1-48
9. On both sides of the harness, pull up on the lap parta
little to be sureit’s locked.
or if it becomes too tight,
If the harness isn’t locked,
unfasten the harness clip.Then unlatch the harness
by pushing the button on the buckle,and let both
sides of the harnessgo all the way back so they will
move freely again. Then, repeat Steps
4 through 8.
10. Adjust the position of the harnesson the child’s
shoulders by moving the clipup or down along the
harness. On each sideof the harness, the shoulder
part should be centered onthe child’s shoulder. The
harness should beaway from the child’s face and
neck, but not falling off the child’s shoulders.
If the harness still doesn’t lock, don’t use child
the
restraint. See your dealer to have the built-in child
restraint serviced.
~
1-49
Removing the Childfrom the Built-in
Child Restraint
2. Unlatch the harness by pushing the button on
the buckle.
1. Unfasten the shoulder harness clip.
1-50
3. Move one sideof the harness off the child’s
shoulder, and let the harness go all the way back.
4. Move the other side of the harness off the child’s
shoulder, and let it go all the way back.
5 . Remove the child from the child restraint cushion.
Storing theBuilt-in Child Restraint
Always properly store the built-in child restraint before
using the vehicle’s lap beltin the center rear seat position.
1. Buckle the harnessand fasten theharness clip.
4. Then press the leg rest firmly into the seatback,and
secure itby pressing the upper corners against the
fastener stripson the seatback.
2. Fold the child restraint cushionand leg rest up into
the seatback.
3. Press the child restraint cushionfirmly into
the seatback.
Just like the other restraint
systems in your vehicle, your
built-in child restraintneeds to beperiodically checked
and may need to have partsreplaced after a crash. See
“Checking Your Restraint Systems”and “Replacing Seat
and Restraint System Parts AfterCrash”
a
in theIndex.
1-51
Child Restraints
Every time infants and young children ridein vehicles, they
should have protection provided by appropriate restraints.
What are the different types of add-on child
restraints?
A:
Add-on child restraints are available in four basic
types. When selecting achild restraint, take into
consideration not only the child’s weight and size,
but also whether or not the restraint will be
compatible with the motor vehicle in which it will
be used.
An infant car bed (A) is a special bed made for use
in a motor vehicle. It’s an infant restraint system
designed to restrain or position a child on a
continuous flat surface.With an infant car bed,
make sure that the infant’s head rests toward the
center of the vehicle.
1-52
A rear-facing infant restraint(B) positions an infant
to face the rearof the vehicle. Rear-facing infant
restraints are designed for infants of up to about
20 lbs. (9 kg) and about one yearof age. This type of
restraint faces the rearso that the infant's head, neck
and body can have the support they needin a crash.
Some infant seats come in two parts -- the base stays
secured in the vehicle andthe seat part is removable.
1-53
A forward-facing child restraint(C-E) positions a
child upright to face forwarditl the vehicle. These
forward-facing restraints are designedto help protect
children who arefrom 20 to 40 Ibs. (9 to 18 kg) and
about 26 to 40 inches (66 to 102 cm) in height, or up
to around four yearsof age. One type, a convertible
restraint, is designed to be used eitheras a rear-facing
infant seat or a forward-facing child seat.
1-54
A booster seat (F, G) is designed for children who
are about 40 to 60 lbs. (18 to 27 kg) and about four
to eight years of age. It’s designed to improve the
fit of the vehicle’s safety belt system. Booster seats
with shields use lap-only belts; however, booster
seats without shields use lap-shoulder belts.
Booster seats can also help a child to see out
the window.
1-55
When choosing a child restraint, be sure the child
restraint is designed to be used in a vehicle. If it is, it
will have a label sayingthat it meets Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standards.
Then follow the instructions for the restraint. You may
find these instructions on the restraint itself or in a
booklet, or both. These restraints use the belt system in
your vehicle, but the child also has to be secured within
the restraint to help reduce thechance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child
restraint will show you how to dothat. Both the owner’s
manual and the child restraint instructions are important,
so if either one of these isnot available, obtain a
replacement copy from the manufacturer.
Where to Put the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they
are restrained in the rear rather thanthe front seat. We at
General Motors therefore recommend that you put your
child restraint in the rear seat. Never put a rear-facing
child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’s why:
1-56
A child ina rear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injuredif the right front passenger’s
air baginflates, even though your
vehicle has
reduced-force frontal airbags. This is because
the backof the rear-facing child restraintwould
be veryclose tothe inflatingair bag. Always
secure a rear-facing child restraint in a rear seat.
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint
in the right front seat, but before
you do, always
move the front passenger seat
as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
Top Strap
A child in a child restraint in the center front seat
can be badly injured or killed by the right front
passenger air bag if it inflates, even though your
vehicle has reduced-force frontal air bags. Never
secure a child restraint in the center front seat.
It’s always better tosecure a child restraint
in the rear seat. You may secure a forward-facing
child restraint in the right frontpassenger
seat, but before you do, always move the front
passenger seat asfar back as itwill go. It’sbetter
to secure the child restraint in a rear seat.
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure
the child
restraint properly.
Keep in mind that an unsecured child restraint can move
around in a collision orsudden stop and injure people in
the vehicle. Be sure to properly secure any child
restraint in your vehicle -- even when no child is in it.
If your child restrainthas a top strap, itshould be
anchored. If you need to have an anchor installed, you
can ask your Buick dealer toput it in for you.If you
want to install an anchor yourself, your dealer can tell
you how to do it.
Canadian law requires that child restraints have a top
strap, and that the strap be anchored.
1-57
If your child restraint has a top strap,your dealer can
obtain a kit with anchor hardware and installation
instructions specifically designed for this vehicle. The
dealer can then install the anchor for you. In Canada,
this work will be done for you free of charge. Or, you
may install the anchor yourself using the instructions
provided in the kit.
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear
Outside Seat Position
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier part
about the top strap if the child restraint has one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that came with the child
restraint. Secure the child in the child restraint when and
as theinstructions say.
1. Put the restraint on the seat.
2. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lap and shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The childrestraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder belt goes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
U
1-58
3. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release
button is
positioned so you would be able to unbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
4. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to set the lock.
1-59
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center
Rear Seat Position
n
5. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint. If
you’re using a forward-facing child restraint,you may
find it helpful to useyour knee to push down on the
child restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
1-60
You’ll be using the lap belt. Be sure to follow the
instructions that came with the child restraint. Secure
the child in the child restraint when and as the
instructions say.
A child in a child restraint in the center front
by the right
seat can be badly injured or killed
front passenger air bag
if it inflates, even though
your vehicle has reduced-force frontal air bags.
Never secure a child restraint in the center
to secure a child
front seat. It’s always better
You may secure a
restraint in the rear seat.
forward-facing child restraint in the right
front passenger seat, but before
you do, always
move the front passenger seat
as far back as it
will go. It’s better to secure the child restraint in
a rear seat.
See the earlier partabout the top strap if the child
restraint has one.
1. Make the belt as long as possible by tilting the latch
plate and pulling it along the belt.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Run the vehicle’s safety belt through or around the
restraint. Thechild restraint instructions will show
you how.
1-61
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt. It will be ready to work for an adult orlarger
child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Right
Front Seat Position
Your vehicle has a right front passenger air bag. Never
put a rear-facing child restraint in this seat. Here’s why:
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the release button is
positioned so you would be able tounbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
5 . To tighten the belt, pull its free end while you push
down on the child restraint. If you’re using a
forward-facing child restraint, you may find it
helpful to use your knee to push down on the child
restraint as you tighten the belt.
6. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure itis secure.
1-62
A child in arear-facing child restraint can be
seriously injured orkilled if the right front
passenger’s air bag inflates, even thoughyour
vehicle has reduced-force frontalair bags. This is
because the back of the rearfacing child restraint
would be very close to the inflatingair bag. Always
secure a rearfacing child restraint in the rear seat.
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt.See the earlier part
about thetop strap if the child restrainthas one. Be sure
to follow the instructions that camewith the child
restraint. Secure the childin the child restraint when and
as the instructionssay.
1. Because your vehicle has a right front passenger air
bag, always move the seat as farback as it will go
before securing a forward-facing child restraint.
(See “Seats” in the Index.)
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
3. Pick up the latch plate, and run the lapand shoulder
portions of the vehicle’s safety belt through or
around the restraint. The child restraint instructions
will show you how.
If the shoulder beltgoes in front of the child’s face or
neck, put it behind the child restraint.
a
4. Buckle the belt. Make sure the releasebutton is
positioned so you would be able tounbuckle the
safety belt quickly if you ever had to.
1-63
5. Pull the rest of the shoulder belt all the way out of
the retractor to setthe lock.
6. To tighten the belt, feed the shoulder belt back into the
retractor while you push down on the child restraint.
You may find it helpful to use your knee to push down
on the child restraint as you tighten the belt,
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different
directions to be sure it is secure.
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the vehicle’s
safety belt and let it go back all the way. The safety belt
will move freely again and be ready to work for an adult
or larger child passenger.
Larger Children
If you have the choice, a child should
sit next to a
window so the child can wear a lap-shoulder beltand
get the additional restraint a shoulder belt can provide.
Accident statistics show that childrenare safer if they
are restrained in therear seat. But they need to use the
safety belts properly.
0 Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown out in
a crash.
0 Children who aren’t buckled up can strike other
people who are.
Children who have outgrown child restraintsshould
wear the vehicle’s safety belts.
1-65
Never do this.
Here two children are wearing the same belt, The
belt can’t properly spread the impact forces. In a
crash, the two children can be crushed together
and seriously injured. A belt must be usedby
only oneperson at a time,
1-66
@
What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt,
but the child isso small that the shoulder belt is
very closeto the child’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but
be sure that the shoulder belt still is on the child’s
shoulder, so that in a crash thechild’s upper body
would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is sitting in a rear seat outside position, see
“Rear Safety Belt Comfort Guides” in the Index. If
the child is so small that the shoulder belt is still
very close to the child’s face orneck, you might
want to placethe child in the center seat position.
the one that has only a lapbelt.
/r\ CAUTION:
I
Never do this.
Here a child issitting in a seat thathas a
lap-shoulder belt, but theshoulder part is behind
the child. If the child wearsthe belt in this way, in
a crashthe child might slideunder the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on the
child’s abdomen. That could causeserious or
fatal injuries.
Wherever the child sits, the lap portion of the belt
should be worn low and snug on the hips, just touching
the child’s thighs. This applies belt force to the child’s
pelvic bones in a crash.
1-67
Safety Belt Extender
If the vehicle’s safety belt will fasten around you, you
should use it.
But if a safety belt isn’t long enough to fasten,your
dealer will order you an extender. It’s free. When you go
in to order it, take the heaviest coat you will wear, so the
extender will be long enough for you. The extenderwill
be just for you, and just for the seat inyour vehicle that
you choose. Don’t let someone else use it, and use it
only for the seat it is made to fit.To wear it, just attach it
to the regular safety belt.
Checking Your Restraint Systems
Now and then, make sure the safety belt reminder light
and all your belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and
anchorages areworking properly. If your vehicle has a
built-in child restraint, also periodically make sure the
harness straps, latch plates, buckle, clip, retractors and
anchorages are working properly. Look for any other
loose ordamaged safety belt and built-in child restraint
system parts. If you see anything that might keep a
safety belt or built-in child restraint system from doing
its job,have it repaired.
Torn or frayed safety belts may not protect you in a
crash. They can rip apart under impact forces. If a belt is
torn or frayed,get a new one right away.
1-68
If your vehicle has the built-in child restraint, torn or
frayed harness straps can rip apart under impact forces
just like torn or frayed safety belts can. They may not
protect a child in a crash. If a harness strap is tom or
frayed, get a new harness right away.
Also look for any opened or broken air bag covers, and
have them repaired or replaced. (The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Replacing Restraint System Parts
After a Crash
If you’ve had a crash, do you need new safety belts or
built-in child restraint parts?
After a very minor collision, nothing may be necessary. But if
the safety belts or built-in child restraint harness straps were
stretched, as they would be
if worn duringa more severe crash,
then you need new safety belts or harness straps.
If safety belts or built-in child restraint harness straps are
cut or damaged, replace them. Collision damage
also may
mean you will need to have safety belt, built-in child
restraint or seat parts repairedor replaced. New parts and
repairs may be necessary even if the safety belt or built-in
child restraint wasn’t being used at the timeof the collision.
If an air bag inflates, you’ll needto replace air bag system
parts. See the part on the air bag system earlier
in this section.
Section 2 FeaturesandControls
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional featureson your vehicle, and information on starting,
shifting and braking. Also explained arethe instrument panel and the warning systems that tell you if everything is
working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
2-2
2-4
2-9
2- 14
2- 15
2- 16
2- 17
2- 17
2- 19
2-20
2-22
2-26
2-27
2-29
2-30
2-30
2-3 1
Keys
Door Locks
Remote Keyless Entry
Trunk
Theft
PASS-Key@ I1
New Vehicle “Break-In”
Ignition Positions
Starting Your Engine
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
Automatic Transaxle Operation
Parking Brake
Shifting IntoPARK (P)
Shifting Outof PARK (P)
Parking Over Things That Burn
Engine Exhaust
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked
2-32
2-32
2-33
2-33
2-40
2-43
2-45
2-47
2-49
2-49
2-49
2-50
2-50
2-5 1
2-52
2-53
Windows
Horn
TILT-WHEEL Adjustable Steering Column
Turn Signalh4ultifunction Lever
Exterior Lamps
Interior Lamps
Mirrors
Storage Compartments
Sun Visors
Auxiliary Power Connection (Power Drop)
Astroroof
Cellular Phone Readiness Package
(If Equipped)
OnStar System (Option)
Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
Instrument Panel Cluster
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
TM
2-1
Keys
I A CAUTION:
Leaving young children ina vehicle with the
ignition key is dangerous for many reasons.
A child or others could be badly injured or
even killed.
They could operate power windows or other
controls or even make the vehicle move. Don’t
leave the keys ina vehicle with young children.
I
The ignition key is for the
ignition only.
The ignition and door keys don’t have plugs. Your
dealer orBuick Premium Roadside Assistance has the
code for your keys.
If you need a new ignition or doorkey, contact your
dealer who canobtain the correct key code, or, in an
emergency, call Buick Premium Roadside Assistance at
1-800-252- 1112. In Canada, call 1-800-268-6800.
NOTICE:
The door key is for the
doors and all other locks.
Your vehicle hasa number of features that can
help prevent theft. But you can have
a lot of
trouble getting into your vehicle if you ever lock
your keys inside.You may even have to damage
your vehicle to get in.
So be sure you have
extra keys.
2-3
Door Locks
Unlocked doors can be dangerous.
Passengers especially children -- can easily
open the doors and fall out. When a door is
locked, the inside handle won’t open it.
Outsiders can easily enter through an unlocked
door when you slow downor stop your vehicle.
This may not beso obvious: You increase the
chance of being thrown out of the vehicle in a
crash if the doors aren’t locked. Wear safety belts
properly, lock your doors, and you will be far
better off whenever you drive your vehicle.
--
There are several ways to lockand unlock your vehicle.
From the outside, use your door key or remote keyless
entry transmitter.
From the inside, tolock or unlock the door manually,
push the lever forward to lock the door. To unlock, push
the lever rearward.
Lockout Protection Feature
Power Door Locks
Press the power door lock
switch to lock orunlock
all doors.
This featureprevents a driverwho has left thekey in the
vehicle’s ignition from locking the doors by using the
power door locks while any door is open. The feature
works by disabling thepower door lockswhen a key is
in the ignition and any door is open.
You may override the Lockout Protection Feature by
holding the power door lock switch in the
lock position
for more than three seconds while the key is in the
ignition and any door is open.
The rear doors do not have power door lock switches.
The leveron each rear doorworks only that door’s lock.
It won’t lock or unlock all the doors.
Remember, this feature can’t guarantee
that you’ll never
be locked out of your vehicle. If you use the manual
door lock orif you don’t leavethe key in the ignition,
you could still lock your keys inside your vehicle.
Always remember to take your keys with you.
2-5
Rear-Door Child SecurityLocks
Your vehicle is equipped with rear-door child security
locks that help prevent passengers from opening the rear
doors of your vehicle from the inside.To use one of
these locks:
1. Open one of the rear doors.
2. On the inside of the rear door will be a lock. Insert
your key into this lock and rotate itupward. This will
engage the safety lock. To disengage the feature,
rotate thelock downward.
3. Close the door.
4. Do the same thing to the other rear door lock.
The rear doors of your vehicle cannot be opened from
the insidewhen this featureis in use. If you want to
open the rear door when the security lockis on, unlock
the door from the insideand then openthe door from
the outside.
Programmable Automatic Power
Door Locks
Programmable Automatic Power Door Locks is a
standard featurethat is intended to provideenhanced
security and convenience by automatically locking and
unlocking doors. This feature provides four operating
modes. For your vehicle, you may select and program
one of the following four operatingmodes:
Mode 1: No automatic door lock or unlock.
Mode 2: Automatic all-door lock when the transaxle is
shifted outof PARK (P); no automatic doorunlock.
Automatic door relock when any door is unlocked,
opened and then all doors are again closed whilethe
vehicle is not in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and the
driver’s foot is on the brake pedal.
Mode 3: Automatic all-door lock when the transaxle is
shifted out of PARK (P).
Automatic all-door unlock when the transaxle is shifted
into PARK (P).
Automatic door relock when any door is unlocked,
opened and then all doors are again closed while the
vehicle is not in PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) and the
driver’s footis on the brake pedal.
Mode 4: Automatic all-door lockwhen the transaxle is
shifted outof PARK (P).
Automatic driver’s dooronly unlock when the transaxle
is shifted intoPARK (P).
Automatic door relock when any door isunlocked,
opened and then all doors are again closed while the
vehicle isnot in PARK (P) orNEUTRAL (N) and the
driver’s foot ison the brakepedal.
The operatingmode of the Programmable Automatic
Power Door Locks will be changed when the driver
performs the following sequence with the enginenot
running, the doors closedand the ignition key in RUN:
1. Apply your regular brakes.
2. Press and hold the power door lock switch. While
holding the door lock switch, cycle thetransaxle out
of and back into PARK (P).
After an initial transaxle cycle,each additional cycle
will advance the operating mode by one, starting from
the current operatingmode. During this procedure,the
automatic door lock and unlock functions will operate
as defined by each mode above, providingthe driver
with feedback of the current operatingmode. If
cycled beyond Mode 4, the vehiclewill enter operating
Mode 1 . When the door lock switch is released, the
vehicle will remain in the most recent operating mode.
2-7
Disconnecting the vehicle’s battery for up to a year will
not change the programmed mode of the Programmable
Automatic Power Door Locks.
Delayed Locking
Delayed Locking allows the doors tobe locked while
passengers are exiting the vehicle. This featurealso
provides a brief time period after all the doors are
closed, but before the doors are locked, in which the
doors may be reopened. Delayed Locking is user
programmable for the enabling or disabling of
the feature.
Delayed Locking is activated when a door lock switch is
pressed while the key is not in the vehicle’s ignition, and
a door is open. The door lock switch may be either the
lock switch on the door or thelock button on the remote
keyless entry transmitter (see “Remote Keyless Entry”
later in this section for more details). The doors do not
lock when the lock switch is pressed, but instead, three
chimes are heard. These chimes indicate that the
Delayed Locking feature has been activated.
2-8
You have three actions possible once Delayed Locking
is activated:
1. Cancel the Delayed Locking by pressing the unlock
switch or by fully inserting the key in the ignition.
2. Override the Delayed Locking feature and lock the
doors immediately by pressing the lock switch a
second time.
3. Let the Delayed Locking feature complete the
locking of the vehicle.
If you wish to let the Delayed Locking feature complete
the locking of the vehicle, no additional action is
required. The Delayed Locking feature will lock the
doors automatically after all the doors have been closed
for a period of five seconds. During this five second
period, any door may be reopened, at which time the
three possible actions shown above are again available.
You may also customize your vehicle to activate the
Delayed Locking feature as described above, or
you
may choose to completely disablethe feature at all
times. If disabled, thepower door lockswill activate
immediately when a power door lock switch is pressed.
The enabled/disabled stateof the Delayed Locking
feature will be toggled when you perform the following
sequence with the doors closedand the ignition key
in RUN:
1. Apply your regular brakes.
2. Press and hold the power door unlock switch. While
holding the door unlock switch, cycle thetransaxle
out of and back into PARK (P).
After an initial transaxle cycle,each additional cycle
will toggle the enable/disable stateof the Delayed
Locking feature. During this procedure,the chime will
sound, providingyou with feedback.A single chime
will be heard if the Delayed Locking feature is disabled
and two chimes will be heard if the featureis enabled.
When the door unlock switch is released, the vehicle
will remain in the most recent operating mode.
Leaving Your Vehicle
If you are leavingthe vehicle, take your keys, open your
door and set the locks from inside. Then get out and
close the door. (Also see “Delayed Locking” in this
section for more information.)
Remote Keyless Entry
You can lock and unlock your doors or unlock your
trunk from about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet (9 m) away
using the remote keyless entry transmitter supplied with
your vehicle.
Your remote keyless entry system operates on a radio
frequency subject to Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules and with Industry Canada.
This devicecomplies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not causeharmful interference,
and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Disconnecting the vehicle battery for up to a year will
not change the programmed mode of the Delayed
Locking feature.
2-9
This devicecomplies with RSS-210 of Industry
Canada. Operation is subject to the followingtwo
conditions: (1) this device may not cause interference,
and ( 2 ) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation of the device.
Changes or modifications to this system by other than an
authorized service facility could void authorization to
use this equipment.
Operation
Press UNLOCK once to
unlock the driver’s door and
to turn on the interior lamps
(see “Illumination on
Remote Activation” in the
Index for more details).
This system hasa range of about 3 feet (1 m) up to 30 feet
(9 m). At times you may notice a decrease in range. This
is normal for any remote keyless entry system.
If the
transmitter does notwork or if you haveto stand closer to
your vehicle for the transmitterto work, try this:
0
Check to determineif battery replacement is
necessary. See the instructions that follow.
0
Check the distance. You may be too farfrom your
vehicle. You may need to standcloser during rainy
or snowy weather.
0
Check the location. Other vehicles or objects may be
blocking the signal. Take a few steps tothe left or
right, hold the transmitter higher, and try again.
e If you’re still having trouble, see your dealer ora
qualified technician for service.
Press UNLOCK again within five seconds to unlock all
the doors. To lock all doors, press LOCK. To unlock the
trunk, press the trunk symbol on the remote keyless
entry transmitter. The trunk will only unlock if your
transaxle is in PARK (P).
Security Feedback
Security Feedback provides audible and/orvisible
feedback that a remote keyless entry lock orunlock
command has been received and executed. Your
vehicle’s ignition must be off for this feature to work.
You may select one of four operating modes for
reception of a lock command. You may also select one
of four operatingmodes for reception of an unlock
command. The selection and programming of the lock
and unlock operating modes are independent of each
other. The following modes are available for eitherlock
or unlock verification:
Mode 1 : No Verification
Mode 2: Horn Chirp only
Mode 3: Headlamp Flash only
Mode 4:Horn Chirp and Headlamp Flash
The operating mode of the Security Feedback lock
feature will be changed when you perform the following
sequence with your vehicle’s doors closed and the
ignition key in RUN:
1. Press and hold the power door lock switch. While
holding the door lock switch, press and release the
remote keyless entry (RKE) transmitter lock switch.
2. This will initialize the customization mode. While in
the customization mode, the feature will sound the
number of chimes corresponding to the current
Security Feedback lock mode.
Each additional press of the RKE transmitter lock button
will cause your vehicle to advance the lock mode by
one, starting from the current lock mode. If cycled
beyond lock Mode 4, the vehicle will enter lock Mode1.
During this procedure,the feature will sound the number
of chimes corresponding to the current lock mode,
providing you with feedback. When the door lock
switch is released, the vehicle will remain in the most
recent lock mode.
2-11
The operating mode of the Security Feedback unlock
feature will be changed when you perform the following
sequence with your vehicle’s doors closedand the
ignition key in RUN:
1 . Press and hold the power door unlock switch. While
holding the door unlock switch, press and release the
RKE transmitter unlock button. This will initialize
the customization mode.
2. While in the customization mode, the feature will
sound the number of chimes corresponding to the
current unlock mode.
Illumination on Remote Activation
This featureprovides interior illumination when a
remote keyless entry door unlock command is received
and executed by your vehicle. Your vehicle’s ignition
must be off for the Illumination on Remote Activation
feature to work. The interior lamps will illuminate until
your vehicle’s ignition is turned to RUN or until an
illumination period of 40 seconds has elapsed.If a door
is opened during the illumination period, the timed
illumination will be canceled, and the interior lamps will
remain on since a door is open.
Each additional press of the RKE transmitter unlock
button will cause your vehicle to advance the unlock
mode by one, starting from the current unlock mode.
If cycled beyond unlock Mode 4, the vehicle will enter
unlock Mode 1. During this procedure, the feature will
sound the number of chimes corresponding to the
current unlock mode, providing you with feedback.
When the door unlock switch is released, the vehicle
will remain in the most recent unlock mode.
Instant Alarm
Disconnecting the vehicle’s battery for up to a year will
not change the programmed mode of the lock and
unlock Security Feedback features.
1. You press the alarm button on the RKE transmitter a
second time.
This featureallows you to activate an alarm by pressing
a button on the remote keyless entry transmitter. Your
vehicle’s ignition must be off for the Instant Alarm to
work. When you press the special horn button on the
remote keyless entry transmitter, your vehicle’s
headlamps will flash, the horn will honk repeatedly, and
your interior lamps will illuminate, attracting attention if
you need it. The alarm will continue until:
2. The vehicle’s ignition is in RUN.
3. An alarm period of about two minutes has elapsed.
2-12
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Vehicle
Each remote keyless entry transmitteris coded to
prevent another transmitterfrom unlocking your vehicle.
If a transmitter is lost or stolen, a replacement can be
purchased through your dealer. Remember to bringany
remaining transmitters with you when you go to your
dealer. When the dealermatches the replacement
transmitter toyour vehicle, any remaining transmitters
must also be matched. Once your dealer has coded the
new transmitter, the lost transmitterwill not unlock your
vehicle. Each vehicle can have only four transmitters
matched to it.
I
NOTICE:
When replacing the battery, use care not to touch
any of the circuitry. Static from your body
transferred to these surfaces may damage
the transmitter.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the battery in your remote keyless
entry transmittershould last about three years.
You can tellthe battery is weak if the transmitter won’t
work at the normal range in any location, If you have to
get close toyour vehicle before the transmitter
works,
it’s probably time to change thebattery.
2-13
To replace your battery:
1. Insert a flat object like a dime into the slot on the
Trunk
back of the transmitter. Gently pry apart the front
and back.
2. Gently pry the battery out of the transmitter.
3. Put the new battery into the transmitter as
shown on the transmitter (use type CR2032 battery
or equivalent).
4. Put the two halves back together. Make sure the
halves are together tightly so water won’t get in.
5. Resynchronize and then test the transmitter.
Resynchronizing Your Remote Keyless
Entry Transmitter
After you have changed the battery in your transmitter,
you will need to resynchronize the transmitter. To do
this, press the LOCK and UNLOCK buttons on the
transmitter together and hold for approximately seven
seconds or until three brief horn chirps are heard. You
will also need to use this procedure if your vehicle has
lost battery power for an extended period of time.
2-14
It canbe dangerous to drive with the trunk open
because carbon monoxide (CO) gas can come into
your vehicle. You can’t see or smell CO. It can
cause unconsciousness andeven death.
If you must drive with the trunk open
or if
electrical wiring or other cable connections must
pass through theseal between the body and
the trunk:
Make sure all windows are shut.
l h r n the fan on your heating or cooling
system to its highest speed with the setting
on VENT. That will force outside air into
your vehicle. See “Comfort Controls” in
the Index.
If you have air outlets on or under the
instrument panel, open them all the
way.
See “Engine Exhaust” in the Index.
Trunk Lock
Parking at Night
To unlock the trunk from the outside, insert the door key
and turn it. You can also press the car symbol on your
remote keyless entry transmitter.
Park in a lighted spot, close all windows and lock your
vehicle. Remember to keep your valuables out of sight.
Put them in a storagearea, or take them with you.
Theft
Parking Lots
Vehicle theft is big business, especiallyin some cities.
Although your vehicle has a number of theft-deterrent
features, we know that nothing we put on it can make
it impossible to steal. However, there are ways you
can heh.
If you park in a lot where someone will be watching
your vehicle, it’s best to lock itup and take your keys.
But what if you have to leave your ignition key?
0
If possible, park in a busy, well lit area.
0
Put your valuables in a storage area, like your
trunk or glove box. Be sure close
to and lock the
storage area.
0
Close all windows.
0
Lock the glove box.
0
Lock all the doors exceptthe driver’s.
0
Then take the door key and remote keyless entry
transmitter with you.
Key in the Ignition
If you leave your vehicle with the keys inside, it’s an
easy target for joy riders orprofessional thieves -- so
don’t do it.
When you park your vehicle and open the driver’s door,
you’ll hear a chimereminding you to remove your key
from the ignition and take it with you. Always do this.
Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will your
ignition and transaxle. And remember to lock the doors.
2-15
P A S S - K ~ ~11@
Your vehicle is equipped
with the PASS-Key I1
(Personalized Automotive
Security System)
theft-deterrent system.
PASS-Key I1 is a passive
theft-deterrent system. It
works when you insert
or remove the key from
the ignition.
PASS-Key I1 uses a resistor pellet in the ignition key
that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-KeyI1 system senses that someone is
using the wrong key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter and
fuel systems. For about three minutes, the starter won’t
work and fuel won’t go to the engine.If someone tries to
start your vehicle againor uses another key during this
time, the vehicle will not start.This discourages someone
from randomly trying different keys with different resistor
pellets in an attemptto make a match.
The ignition key must be clean and dry before it’s inserted
in the ignition or the enginemay not start. If the engine
does not start and the SECURITY light is flashing, the
key
may be dirty or wet. Turn the ignition off.
Clean and dry the key. Wait about three minutes and try
again. If the starter still won’t work, and the key appears
to be clean and dry, wait about three minutes and try
another ignition key. At this time, you may also want to
check the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the
Index). If the starter won’t work with the other key, your
vehicle needs service. If your vehicle does start, the first
ignition key may be faulty. See your dealer ora
locksmith who can service the PASS-Key 11.
If you accidentally use a key that has a damaged or
missing resistor pellet, the starter won’t work. The
SECURITY light will then come on. But you don’t have
to wait three minutes before trying another ignition key.
See your dealer or a locksmith who can service the
PASS-Key I1 to have a new key made.
If you’re everdriving and SECURITY light comes on,
you will be able to restart your engine if you turn it off.
Your PASS-Key I1 system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key I1 system.
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key I1 ignition key, see
your dealer or a locksmith who can service PASS-Key I1
to have a new key made. In an emergency, call the Buick
Premium Roadside Assistance Center at
1-800-252- 1112. In Canada, call 1-800-268-6800.
New Vehicle LLBreak-In”
Ignition Positions
NOTICE:
Your vehicle doesn’t needan elaborate
“break-in.” But itwill perform better in the long
run if you follow these guidelines:
Don’t drive at any one speed fast or
slow for the first500 miles (805 km).
Don’t make full-throttle starts.
Avoid making hard stops for the first
200 miles (322 km) orso. During this time
your new brake linings aren’t yet broken
in. Hard stops withnew linings can mean
premature wear and earlier replacement.
Follow this breaking-in guideline every
time you get newbrake linings.
0 Don’t tow a trailer during break-in.
See “Towing a Trailer’’ in the Index for
more information.
--
--
With the ignition key in the ignition, you can turn the
switch to five positions:
ACCESSORY (A): The accessory position lets you use
the radio and windshield wipers when the engine is off.
To use ACC, push in the key and turn it toward you.
Your steering wheel will stay locked.
.2-17
LOCK (B): Before you put the key into the ignition
switch, the switch is in LOCK. It’s also the only position
from which you can remove your key. This position
locks your ignition, steering wheel and transaxle. It’s a
theft-deterrent feature.
OFF (C): This position lets you turn off the engine but
still turn the steering wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering
wheel. Use OFF if you must have your vehicle pushed
or towed.
RUN (D): This position is where the key returns after
you start your vehicle. With the engine off,you can
use RUN to display some of your warning and
indicator lights.
START (E): This position starts your engine.
A warning chime will sound if you open the driver’s
door when the ignition is in OFF, LOCK or
ACCESSORY and the key is in the ignition.
2-18
I NOTICE:
If your key seems stuckin LOCK and you can’t
turn it, be sure you are using the correctkey; if
so, is it all the way in? If it is, then turn the
steering wheel left and right while you turn the
key hard. But turn the
key only with your hand.
key or the
Using a tool to force it could break the
ignition switch.If none of this works, then your
vehicle needs service.
In case you cannot remove your key from the ignition,
find the access slot which is located underneath the
steering column below the lock cylinder.
To use this slot, remove the trim cap. Insert a key or
screwdriver into the access slot and rotate the lock
cylinder. You will now be able to remove your key from
the ignition. Be sure to replace the trim cap after use.
Starting Your Engine
Move your shift lever toPARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N).
Your engine won’t start in any other position -- that’s a
safety feature. To restart when you’re already moving,
use Nl .TRAL (N) only.
NOTICE:
Don’t try to shift to PARK (P) if your Buick is
moving. If you do, you coulddamage the
transaxle. Shift to PARK (P) only whenyour
vehicle isstopped.
1. Without pushing the accelerator pedal, turn your
ignition key to START. When the engine starts, let
go of the key. The idle speed will go down as your
engine gets warm.
I NOTICE:
Holding your key in START for longer than
15 seconds at a time will cause your battery to be
drained much sooner. Andthe excessive heat can
damage your starter motor.
2-19
2. If your engine won’t start (or starts but then stops),
it could beflooded with too much gasoline. Try
pushing your accelerator pedal all the way to the
floor and holding it there as you hold the key in
START for up to 15 seconds. Thisclears the extra
gasoline from the engine.
Engine Coolant Heater (If Equipped)
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work with the
electronics in your vehicle. you
If add electrical
parts oraccessories, you could change theway
the engine operates. Before adding electrical
equipment, check with yourdealer. If you don’t,
your engine might not perform properly.
If you ever have to have your
vehicle towed, see
the partof this manual thattells how to do it
without damaging yourvehicle. See “Towing
Your Vehicle’’ in the Index.
2-20
In very cold weather, 0°F (- 18“ C )or colder, the engine
coolant heater can help. You’ll get easier starting and
better fuel economy during engine warm-up. Usually,
the coolant heater should be plugged in a minimum of
four hours prior to starting your vehicle.
To Use the Engine Coolant Heater
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood and unwrap the electrical cord. The
cord is attached to the underside of the diagonal
brace locatedbehind the air cleaner.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 1 IO-volt AC outlet.
L
CAUTION:
4. Before starting the engine, be sure to unplug and
store the cord as itwas before to keep it away
from moving engine parts.If you don’t, it could
be damaged.
How long should you keep the coolant heaterplugged
in? The answer depends on the outside temperature, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things. Instead of
trying to list everything here,we ask that you contact
your dealer in the area where you’ll be parking your
vehicle. The dealer can give you the best advice forthat
particular area.
Plugging the cord intoan ungrounded outlet
could cause an electrical shock. Also, the wrong
kind of extension cord could overheat and cause
a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug the
cord into a properly grounded three-prong
110-volt AC outlet. If the cord won’t reach, use a
heavy-duty three-prong extension cord rated for
at least 15 amps.
2-21
Automatic Transaxle Operation
PARK (P): This locks your front wheels. It’s the best
position to use when you start your engine because your
vehicle can’t move easily.
km
a
,,r
Your automatic transaxle will have a shift lever on the
steering column.
The graphic shown above is displayed on your
instrument panel cluster in reference to your steering
column shift lever.
Maximum engine speed is limited on automatic
transaxle vehicles when you’re in PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) to protect driveline components from
improper operation.
There areseveral different positions for your shift lever.
2-22
It is dangerous to get out
of your vehicle if the
shift lever is not fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brakefirmly set. Your vehiclecan roll.
Don’t leave yourvehicle when the engineis
running unlessyou have to. If you have left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
To be sure your
You or others could be injured.
vehicle won’t move, even when you’re onfairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
move the shift lever to
PARK (P).
See “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in the Index.If
you’re pullinga trailer, see “Towinga Trailer” in
the Index.
Make surethe shift lever is fully in PARK (P) before
starting the engine. Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle
Shift Interlock (BTSI). You must fully apply your
regular brakes before you can shift from PARK (P)
when the ignition is in RUN. If you cannot shift out of
PARK (P), ease pressure on theshift lever by pushing it
all the way into PARK (P) while keeping the brake pedal
pushed down. See “Shifting Out of PARK (P)” in
the Index.
REVERSE (R): Use this gear to back up.
NOTICE:
Shifting to REVERSE (R) whileyour vehicle is
moving forward could damage your transaxle.
Shift to REVERSE (R)only after your vehicle
is stopped.
To rock your vehicle back and forth to get out of snow,
ice orsand without damaging your transaxle, see “If
You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud, Ice or Snow” in
the Index.
NEUTRAL (N): In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To restart when you’re
already moving, use NEUTRAL (N) only. Also, use
NEUTRAL (N) when your vehicle is being towed.
-
A CAUTION:
Shifting out of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) while
your engine is “racing” (running at high speed) is
dangerous. Unless your foot is firmly on the
brake pedal, your vehicle could move very
rapidly. You could losecontrol and hitpeople or
objects. Don’t shift out of PARK (P) or
NEUTRAL (N) while your engine is racing.
NOTICE:
Damage to your transaxle caused by shifting out
of PARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N) with the engine
racing isn’t coveredby your warranty.
2-23
AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0):
This position is
for normal driving. If you need more power for passing,
and you’re:
THIRD (3): This position is also used for normal
driving, but it offers more power and lower fuel
economy than AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (0).
9
Going less than 35 rnph (55 km/h), push your
accelerator pedal about halfway down.
Here are some times you might choose THIRD (3)
instead of AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE
9
Going about 35 mph (55 k d h ) or more, push the
accelerator pedal all the way down.
0
When driving on hilly, winding roads.
9
When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting
between gears.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have
more power.
(a):
When going down a steep hill.
When driving in non-highway scenarios (i.e. city
streets, etc.).
NOTICE:
If your vehicle seemsto start up rather
slowly, or
if it seems not to shift gearsyou
asgo faster,
something may be wrong with a transaxle system
sensor. If you drive veryfar that way, your
vehicle can be damaged.So, if this happens, have
your vehicle serviced rightaway. Until then, you
can use SECOND(2) when you are driving less
than 35 mph (55 km/h) and AUTOMATIC
OVERDRIVE
for higher speeds.
(a)
2-24 a
SECOND (2): This position gives you more power but
lower fuel economy. You can use SECOND (2) on hills.
It can help control your speed as you go down steep
mountain roads, but then you would also want to use
your brakes off and on.
FIRST (1): This position gives you even more power
(but lower fuel economy) than SECOND ( 2 ) .You can
use it on very steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If the
shift lever is put in FIRST (l), the transaxle won’t shift
into first gearuntil the vehicle is going slowly enough.
I NOTICE:
I NOTICE:
Don’t drive in SECOND(2) for more than
25 miles (40 km), or at speeds over55 mph
(90 km/h), or you can damage your transaxle.
Use AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE(@) or
THIRD (3) as much aspossible.
Don’t shift into SECOND(2) unless you are going
slower than65 mph (105 kmh), oryou can
damage your engine.
If your frontwheels can’t rotate, don’t try to
drive. This might happenif you were stuck in
a solid
very deep sand or mud or were up against
object. You could damage your transaxle.
Also, if you stop when going uphill, don’t hold
your vehicle there with
only the accelerator
pedal. This could overheat and damage the
PARK (P)
transaxle. Use your brakes or shift into
to hold your vehicle in position aonhill.
2-25
Parking Brake
To set theparking brake,
hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot.
Push down the parking
brake pedal with your
left foot.
To release the parking brake, hold the regular brake
pedal down with your right footand push the parking
brake pedal with your left foot.When you lift your left
foot, the parking brake pedal will follow it to the
released position.
2-26
A warning chime will sound if the parking brake is set,
the ignition is on and the shift lever is not in PARK (P}
or NEUTRAL (N).
I NOTICE:
Driving with the parking brake on can cause
your rear brakes to overheat.You may have to
replace them, and you could also damage other
parts of your vehicle.
If you are towing a trailer and parking on any hill, see
“Towing a Trailer” in the Index. That section shows
what to do first to keep the trailer from moving.
Shifting Into PARK (P)
A CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if
the shift lever isnot fully in PARK (P) with the
parking brakefirmly set. Your vehiclecan roll. If
you have leftthe engine running, thevehicle can
move suddenly.You or otherscould beinjured.
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when
you’re onfairly level ground, use the steps that
follow. If you’re pullinga trailer,see “Towinga
Trailer” in the Index.
1. Hold the brake pedal downwith your right foot and
set theparking brake with your left foot.
2. Move the shift leverinto the PARK (P) position
like this:
Pull the lever toward you.
2-27
Leaving Your Vehicle With the
Engine Running
A C IUTION:
Move the lever up as far as it will go.
3. Move the ignition key to LOCK.
4. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can
leave your vehicle with the ignition key in your
hand, your vehicle is in PARK (P).
2-28
It can be dangerous to leaveyour vehicle withthe
engine running. Your vehicle could move
suddenly if the shift lever is not fully inPARK (P)
with the parking brake firmly set. And,if you
leave the vehicle with the engine running, it could
overheat and even catch fire. You or others could
be injured. Don’t leave your vehicle withthe
engine running unless you have to.
I
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine
running, be sure your vehicle is inPARK (P) and your
parking brake is firmly set before you leave it. After
you’ve moved the shift lever into the PARK (P)
position, hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see if
you can move the shift lever out of PARK (P) without
first pulling it toward you. If you can, it means that the
shift lever wasn’t fully locked into PARK (P).
I
Torque Lock
Shifting Out of PARK (P)
If you are parkingon a hill and you don’t shift your
transaxle intoPARK (P) properly, the weight of the
vehicle may put too much force on the parkingpawl in
the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever outof PARK (P). This is called “torque lock.”
To
prevent torque lock, set the parkingbrake and then shift
into PARK (P) properly before you leave the driver’s
seat. To find out how, see “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in
the Index.
Your vehicle has a Brake-Transaxle Shift Interlock
(BTSI). You must fully apply your regular brakes before
you can shift from PARK (P) when the ignition is in
RUN. See “Automatic Transaxle Operation” in
the Index.
When you are ready to drive, move the shift lever out of
PARK (P) before you release the parking brake.
If torque lock doesoccur, you may need to have another
vehicle push yours a littleuphill to take some of the
pressure from the parking pawl in the transaxle, so you
can pull the shift leverout of PARK (P).
If you cannot shift out of PARK (P), ease pressure on
the shift lever by pushing it all the way into PARK (P)
while keeping the brake pedal pushed down. Then move
the shift leverout of PARK (P).
If you ever hold the brake pedal down but still can’t
shift out of PARK (P), try this:
I . Turn the ignition key to OFF.
2. Apply and hold the brake until the end of Step 4.
3. Shift to NEUTRAL (N).
4. Start the engine and shift to the drive gear you want.
5. Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
2-29
Parking Over Things That Burn
Things that can burn could touch hot exhaust
parts under yourvehicle and ignite. Don’t park
over papers, leaves, dry grass or other things that
2-30
Engine Exhaust
Engine exhaust cankill. It contains the gas
carbon monoxide (CO), which you can’t see or
smell. It can cause unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust coming in if:
Your exhaust system sounds strange
or different.
Your vehicle gets rusty underneath.
Your vehicle was damaged in a collision.
Your vehicle was damaged when driving over
high points on the road or over road debris.
Repairs weren’t done correctly.
Your vehicle or exhaust system hadbeen
modified improperly.
If you ever suspect exhaustis coming into
your vehicle:
Drive it only with all the windows down to
blow out any CO; and
Have your vehicle fixed immediately.
Running Your Engine While
You’re Parked
It’s better not to park with the engine running. But if you
ever have to, here are some things to know.
Idling the engine with the climate control
system off could allow dangerous exhaust into
your vehicle (see the earlier Caution under
“Engine Exhaust”).
Also, idling in a closed-in place can let deadly
carbon monoxide (CO) into your vehicle even
if
the fan switchis at the highest setting. One place
this can happen is a garage. Exhaustwith
CO can come ineasily. NEVER park in a
garage with the engine running.
a blizzard.
Another closed-in place can be
(See “Blizzard” in the Index.)
--
--
It canbe dangerous to get out
of your vehicle if
the shift leveris not fully in PARK(P) with the
parking brake firmlyset. Your vehiclecan roll.
Don’t leave your vehicle when the engine
is
running unlessyou have to. If you’ve left the
engine running, thevehicle can move suddenly.
To be sure your
You or others could be injured.
vehicle won’t move, even whenyou’re on fairly
level ground, always set your parking brake and
(P).
move the shift lever to PARK
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t
move. See “Shifting IntoPARK (P)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill and if you’re pulling a
trailer, also see “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
2-31
Windows
Power Windows
The driver’s window switch has an express-down
feature. Thisswitch is labeled AUTO. Tap the rear of
the switch, and the driver’s window will open a small
amount. If the rear of the switch is pressed all the way
down, the window will go all the way down.
To stop the window while it is lowering, press the front
of the switch. To raise the window, press and hold the
front of the switch.
The driver’s window controls also include a lock-out
switch. Press LOCK to stop front and rear passengers
from using their window switches. The driver can still
control all the windows with the lock on. Press the other
side of the LOCK button for normal window operation.
Horn
Press anywhere near the horn symbols on your steering
wheel pad to sound the horn.
Switches on the driver’s door armrest control each of the
windows when the ignition is on. In addition, each
passenger’s door has a switch for its own window.
2-32
TILT-WHEEL Adjustable
Steering Column
TM
Turn SignaVMultifunction Lever
1
can also raiseit to the
highest levelto give your
legs more room when you
exit and enter the vehicle.
To tilt the wheel,hold the steeringwheel and pull the
lever. Move the steering wheel to a comfortable level,
then release the lever to lock the wheel into place.
The lever on the left side of the steering column
includes your:
0
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
0
Headlamp HighLow Beam Changer
0
Windshield Wipers
0
Windshield Washer
0
Cruise Control (Option)
0
Flash-to-Pass
2-33
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turn signal has two upward (for right) and two
downward (for left) positions. These positions allow you
to signal a turn or a lane change.
To signal a turn, move the lever all the way up or down.
When the turn is finished, the lever will return
automatically.
5
1
I
An arrow on the instrument
panel will flash in the
direction of the turn or
lane change.
To signal a lanechange, just raise orlower the lever
until the arrow starts to flash.Hold it there until you
complete your lane change. The lever will return by
itself when you release it.
If the arrow flashes faster than normal as you signal a
turn or alane change, a signal bulb may be burned out
and other driverswon’t see your turn signal.
If a bulbis burned out, replace it to help avoid an
accident. If the arrows don’t go on at all when you
signal a turn, check for burned-out bulbs and then check
the fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in the Index).
A chime will sound if you leave your turn signal on for
more than 3/4 mile (1.2 km).
Headlamp HigWLow Beam Changer
To change your headlamps
from low beams to high
beams, or high to low, pull
the multifunction lever all
the way toward you. Then
release it.
When the high beams are on, this lighton the instrument
panel also will be on.
Flash-to-Pass Feature
Windshield Wipers
This feature letsyou use your high-beam headlamps to
signal the driverin frontof you that you want to pass.It
works even if your headlamps areoff.
To use it, pull the turn signal lever
toward you a little,
but not so far thatyou hear a click.
If your headlamps are off or on low beam, your
high-beam headlamps will turn on. They’llstay on as
long as you hold the levertoward you and the
high-beam indicator on the dash
will come on. Release
the lever to turn the
high-beam headlamps off.
You control thewindshield wipers by turning the band
marked WIPER. For a single
wiping cycle, turnthe band
to MIST. Hold it there until the
wipers start, then let go.
The wipers will stop after one cycle.If you want more
cycles, holdthe band on MIST longer.
2-35
For steady wiping at low speed, turn the band to LO. For
high-speed wiping, turn the band further, to HI. To stop
the wipers, turn the band to OFF.
You can set the wiper speed for a long or shortdelay
between wipes. This can be very useful in light rain or
snow. Turn the band to choose the delay time. The
closer to LO, the shorter the delay between wipes.
Be sureto clear ice and snow from the wiper blades
before using them. If they’re frozen tothe windshield,
carefully loosen or thaw them. If your blades do become
damaged, get new blades or bladeinserts.
Heavy snow or icecan overload your wipers. A circuit
breaker will stop them until the motor cools. Clear away
snow or iceto prevent an overload.
Windshield Washer
At the topof the multifunction lever, there’sa paddle with
the word PUSH on it. To spray washer fluid on the
windshield, push the paddle.The wipers will run for
several sweeps and then either stopor return to your preset
speed. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the Index.
A CAUTION:
In freezing weather, don’t use your washer until
the windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer
fluid can form iceon the windshield, blocking
your vision.
LOW WASH
2-36
The LOW WASH light on
your instrument panel
cluster will glow when the
fluid level is low.
Cruise Control (Option)
When you apply your brakes, the cruise control
shuts off.
I
CAUTION:
Cruise control can be dangerous where you
can’t drive safely at a steady speed.
So,
don’t use your cruise control on winding
roads or in heavy traffic.
Cruise control can be dangerous on
slippery roads. On such roads, fast changes
in tire traction can cause needless
wheel
spinning, andyou could lose control. Don’t
use cruise control on slippery roads.
With cruise control,you can maintain a speed of about
25 mph (40 k d h ) or more without keeping your foot
on the accelerator. This can really help on long trips.
Cruise controldoes not work at speeds below about
25 mph (40 kmk).
2-37
Setting Cruise Control
Resuming a Set Speed
Suppose you set your cruise control at a desired speed
and then you apply the brake. This, of course, shuts off
the cruise control. But you don’t need to reset it.
Once you’re going about
25 mph (40 km/h) or more,
you can move the cruise
control switch from ON to
R/A (Resume/Accelerate)
for about half a second.
You’ll go right back up to
your chosen speed and
stay there.
If you leave your cruise control switch on when
you’re not using cruise,
you might hit a button
and go into cruise whenyou don’t want to. You
could be startled andeven lose control.Keep the
cruise control switchoff until you want to use it.
1. Move the cruise control switch to ON.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
3. Push in the SETKOAST
button at the end of the
lever and release it. The
CRUISE light on the
instrument panel will
come on.
4. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal.
2-38
Increasing Speed FI
~ - I Using Cruise Control
~
There are two ways to go to a higher speed:
Use the accelerator pedal to get to the higher speed.
Push in the SETICOAST button, then release the
button and the accelerator pedal. You’ll now cruise at
the higher speed.
0
Move the cruise switchfrom ON to WA. Hold it
there until you get up to the speed you want, and
then release the switch.(To increase your speed in
very small amounts, move the switch toR/A for less
than half a second and then release it.Each time
you do this,your vehicle will go about 1 mph
(1.6 k d h ) faster.)
The accelerate featurewill only work after you
set the cruise control speed by pushing the
SETKOAST button.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How well your cruise controlwill work on hills depends
upon your speed, load and the steepness of the hills.
When going up steep hills, you may have to step on the
accelerator pedal to maintain your speed. When going
downhill, you may have to brake or shift to alower gear
to keep your speed down. Of course, applying the brake
takes you out of cruise control.Many drivers find this to
be too much trouble and don’t use cruise controlon
steep hills.
Reducing Speed While Using Cruise Control
Ending Cruise Control
There are two ways to reduce your speed while using
cruise control:
There are two ways to turn off the cruise control:
0
Push in the SETKOAST button until you reach the
lower speed you want, then release it.
To slow down in very small amounts, push the SET
button for lessthan half a second.Each time you do
this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Passing Another Vehicle While Using Cruise Control
0
Step lightly on the brake pedal; OR
Move the cruise switch to OFF.
Erasing Cruise Speed Memory
When you turn off the cruise control or the ignition, or
shift intoPARK (P) or NEUTRAL (N), your cruise
control set speed memory is erased.
Use the acceleratorpedal to increase your speed. When
you take your foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow
down to the cruise controlspeed you set earlier.
2-39
Exterior Lamps
The lamp controls are located
on the instrument panel.
They control these systems:
Headlamps
Taillamps
If you pull the knob out
halfway, it will turn on your
parking lamps and your
other operating lamps. If
you pull the knob all the
way out, your headlamps
will then come on.
Parking Lamps
License Lamps
Sidemarker Lamps
Instrument Panel Lights
Courtesy Lamps
Push the knob in all the way to turn off the lamps.
A warning chime will sound if you open the driver’s
door when you turn the ignition switch to OFF, LOCK
or ACCESSORY with the lamps on.
2-40
Daytime Running Lamps / Automatic
Headlamp Control
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) can make it easier for
of your vehicle during theday.
others to see the front
DRL can be helpful inmany different driving
conditions, but they can be especially helpful in the
short periods after dawn
and before sunset.
A light sensoron top of the instrument panelmakes the
DRL work, so be sure it isn’t covered.
The DRL system will make your front turn signal lamps
come on when:
The ignition is on,
0
The headlamp switch is off and
The parking brake is released.
When the DRL are on, only your front turn signal lamps
will be on. The headlamps, taillamps, sidemarkerand
other lamps won’t be on. Your instrument panel won’t
be lit up either.
When it’s dark enough outside, your front turn signal
lamps willturn off and your vehicle’s headlamps and
parking lamps will turn on. The otherlamps that come
on with your headlamps will also come on.
When it’s bright enough outside, your headlamps will go
off and your front turn signal lamps will come on.
To idle your vehicle with the DRL off, set the parking
brake while the ignition is in OFF or LOCK. Then start
your vehicle. The DRL,headlamps and parking lamps
will stay off until you release the parking brake.
As with any vehicle, you should turn on the regular
headlamp system when you need it.
2-41
Twilight Sentinel
Twilight Sentinel provides a period of exterior
illumination as you leave the vicinity of your vehicle.
The feature is activated when your vehicle’s headlamps
are on due to the automatic headlamp control feature
described previously in this section, and when your
vehicle’s ignition is turned off. Your headlamps will
then remain on until the headlamp switch is moved from
OFF to the parking lamp position or until a 90 second
illumination period has elapsed.
If you turn off the ignition with the headlamp switch in
the parking lamp or headlamp position, the Twilight
Sentinel cycle will not occur,
You can customize the vehicle to activate the Twilight
Sentinel when your vehicle’s ignition is turned off under
the conditions described above, or you may choose not
to activatethis feature under any conditions. The
enableddisabled state of this feature will be toggled
when you perform the following sequence with the
doors closed and the ignition key in RUN:
1. Press and hold the power door lock switch. While
holding the door lock switch, cycle the headlamp
switch on and then off two times.
2. Release the power door lock switch. These
operations must be carried out in a time period of
less than 10 seconds, followed by a delay period of
no more than 10 seconds.
3. Then, press and hold the power door unlock switch.
While holding the door unlock switch, cycle the
headlamp switch on and then off two times. Release
the courtesy door unlock switch. These operations
must be carried out in a time period of less than
10 seconds.
After releasing the door unlock switch, a single chime
will be heard if the Twilight Sentinel function has been
disabled; two chimes will be heard if the feature has
been enabled. Disconnecting the vehicle’s battery for up
to a year will not change the programmed operation of
this feature.
Interior Lamps
Instrument Panel Brightness Control
You can brighten or dim the instrument panel lights
by
moving the LIGHTS dial. If you turn the dial past
MAX, your courtesy or interior lamps will come on.
Courtesy Lamps
When any door is opened, several lamps come on. These
lamps are courtesy lamps. They make it easy for you to
enter and leave your vehicle. You can also turn these
lamps on by moving the interior lamps dialall the way
to the right.
Illuminated Entry
Your courtesy lamps will come on and stay on for aset
time whenever you press UNLOCK on the remote
keyless entrytransmitter.
If you open a door, the lamps will stay on while it’s open
and then turn off automatically about 25 seconds after
you close it. If you press UNLOCK and don’t open a
door, the lamps will turn off after about40 seconds.
Illuminated Entry includes a feature calledtheater
dimming. With theater dimming, the lamps don’t just
turn off at the end of the delay time. Instead,they slowly
dim after the delay time until they go out. The delay
time is canceled if you turn the ignition key to RUN or
START, so the lamps will dim right away.
When the ignition is on, Illuminated Entry is inactive,
which means the courtesy lamps won’t come on unless a
door is opened.
Delayed Entry Lighting
Delayed Entry Lighting illuminates your vehicle’s interior
for a period of time after all the doors have been closed.
The ignition must be off for Delayed Entry Lighting to
work. Just after all the doors have been closed, the
Delayed Entry Lighting feature will continue to
work until:
0
The ignition is in RUN.
0
The doors are locked.
0
An illumination period of 25 seconds has elapsed.
If during the illumination period a door is opened, the
timed illumination period will be canceled and the
interior lamps will remain on since a door is open.
2-43
Delayed Exit Lighting
This featureilluminates your vehicle’s interior for a
period of time afterthe ignition key is removed from
the ignition.
Rearview Mirror Reading Lamps
(If Equipped)
The vehicle’s ignition must be off for Delayed Exit
Lighting to work. When the ignition key is removed,
interior illumination will activate and remain on until:
The ignition is in RUN.
The power door locks are activated.
An illumination period of 25 seconds has elapsed.
If during theillumination period a door is opened, the
timed illumination period will be canceled and the
interior lamps will remain on since a door is open.
Use the switch next to each lamp to turn them on
and off.
2-44
Dome Lamp
Retained Accessory Power(If Equipped)
The dome lamp will come on when you open the doors.
With retained accessory power, your power windows,
audio system and sunroof will continue towork up to
10 minutes after theignition key is turned to OFF and
none of the doors are opened.
Battery Rundown Protection
Your vehicle has a feature to help prevent
you from
draining the battery in case
you accidentally leave the
interior courtesy lamps,reading/map lamps, visor vanity
lamps, trunk lamp,underhood lamp or glove box lamps
on. If you leave any of these lamps on, they will
automatically turn off after 20 minutes, if the ignitionis
in OFF. The lampswon’t come backon again until you:
Turn the ignition on,
Turn the lamp switch off, then on; or
Open a door.
Note that if your vehicle has lessthan 15 miles (25 km)
on the odometer,the battery saver will turn off the lamps
after only threeminutes.
Mirrors
Adjust all the mirrors so you can see clearly when you
are sittingin a comfortable drivingposition.
Inside Day/Night Rearview Mirror
To reduce glarefrom lamps behind you, pull the lever at
the bottom of the mirror toward you (to thenight
position). To return the mirror back to the day position,
push the leveraway from you.
Electrochromic Automatic Dimming
Rearview Mirror (If Equipped)
To keep the photocells operating well, occasionally
clean them with a cotton swab and glass cleaner.
Power Outside FoldawayMirrors
Your vehicle may have an electrochromic dayhight
rearview mirror. Push the button in the center of the
mirror to turn this feature on.The mirror will darken
gradually to reduce glarefrom headlamps behind you.
This may take a few moments.
The mirror’s two outer buttons operate the lights on the
bottom sides of the mirror.
One photocell on the front of the mirror senses when it
is becoming dark outside. Another photocell, facing
rearward, senses headlamps behind you. To turn the
electrochromic feature off, press the button in the center
of the mirror again.
2-46
. ,.....
ii
The power mirror control
switches are located near
the driver’s side window, on
the armrest. To choose
either the left or right
outside mirror, move the top
switch from left through
neutral to right. Press any of
the four buttons located
below the top switch to
move the mirrors in the
desired direction.
Adjust each mirror so you can see the side of your
vehicle and the area behind your vehicle.
These mirrors can also be folded rearward manually.
This feature is particularly useful in automatic car
washes and when maneuvering your vehicle in
narrow spaces.
Heated Foldaway Outside Mirrors
(If Equipped)
Storage Compartments
Glove Box
The left and right outside mirrors are heated when you
activate the rear window defogger. (See “Rear Window
Defogger in the Index”.)
Use the door key to lock and unlock the glove box. To
open, lift the latch.
Convex Outside Mirror
Front Storage Armrest
Your passenger’s side mirror is convex. A convex
mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from the
driver’s seat.
To use the storage area,fold down the armrest located in
the center front seat. Press
the latch on the front edge
and pull up. Dual oversized cupholderswill fold out
from within the storage armrest.
A
CAJTION:
A convex mirror can make things (like other
vehicles) look farther away than they really are.
If you cut too sharply into the right lane, you
could hit a vehicle on your right. Check your
inside mirror or glance over your shoulder before
changing lanes.
Rear Storage Armrest(If Equipped)
You may also have an armrest located within the center
back seat of your vehicle. It may have a storage area and
cupholders. To open, pull up on the lever at the end of
the armrest and lift. Two cupholders will then be
accessible and you will have access tothe storage
compartment area.
Trunk Convenience Net (If Equipped)
Your vehicle may have a convenience net. You’ll see it
on the back wall of the trunk.
Put small loads, like grocery bags,behind the net. It can
help keep them from falling over during sharp turns or
quick starts and stops.
The net isn’t for larger, heavier loads. Store thosein the
trunk as far forward as you can.
You can unhook the net so that it will lie flat when
you’re not using it.
Ashtrays and Lighter
The center frontashtray is located on the instrument
panel, just below the comfort controls. To remove the
ashtray, open the lid and lift it out.
The rear ashtray is located within a small door at the
back of your vehicle’s front seat armrest.Push on the
right side of the door. The ashtray will then rotate to the
right for usage. You can only access the ashtray by
pushing on the door’s right side. To remove the ashtray,
push down on the snuffer located in the middle of the
ashtray and lift it out.
NOTICE:
Don’t put papers and other things that burn into
your ashtrays. If you do, cigarettes or other
smoking materials could set them on fire,
causing damage.
To use the lighter, just push it in all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself.
NOTICE:
Don’t hold a cigarette lighter in with your hand
while it is heating. If you do, it won’t be able to
it’s
back away from the heating element when
ready. That can make it overheat, damaging the
lighter and the heating element.
Sun Visors
To block out glare, you can swing down the visors. You
can also move them from side to side. The visors also
have extenders that you can pull out for added coverage.
Visor Vanity Mlirrors
Open the cover to expose the vanity mirror.
If your vehicle has the optional lighted
vanity mirrors,
the lamps come on when you open the cover.
electrical equipment to your vehicle. It islocated on the
passenger’s side of the vehicle, under the glovebox,
and is labeled with a wire functionand fuse rating.For
information on accessing the connectionand electrical
hookup, please refer toyour service manual. To order a
service manual, see “Service Publications,Ordering” in
the Index.
I NOTICE:
Auxiliary Power Connection
(Power Drop)
~
Your vehicle is equipped
with an auxiliary
Adding some electrical equipment to your vehicle
can damage it or keep other things from working
as they should. This wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Check with your dealer before adding
electrical equipment and never use anything that
exceeds the fuse rating.
Astroroof (If Equipped)
This feature providespower, ground and accessory
wires which can be accessedto add aftermarket
Your vehicle may be equipped with an express-open
astroroof. It includes a sliding glasspanel and a
one-piece sunshade. The control switchworks only
when the ignition or RAP is on. See “Retained
Accessory Power” in the Index. The control switch is
located overhead on the headliner.
2-49
Cellular Phone Readiness Package
(If Equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a wiring harness that
will work with a dealer-installed GM Hughes@portable
phone. The phone has integrated features with the radio
and car audiospeakers. See your dealer formore details.
Instar System (Option)
rour vehicle has been prewired for dealer installation of
the OnStar System. The following services are available
24 hours a day:
To open the astroroof, push the rear of the switch once
and the astroroof will open to the vent position only.
You will need to open the sunshade by hand.
Push the rear of the switch a second time and the
astroroof will open the remainder of the way by itself.
This is the express-open feature.
To close the astroroof, push and hold the front of the
switch until the sunroof motor stops. The sunshade can
only be closed by hand.
2-50
0
Roadside Service with Location
0
Emergency Services Button
0
Remote Door Unlock
0
Theft Vehicle Tracking
0
Automatic Notification of Air Bag Deployment
Concierge/Customer Conveniences Services
For more information, contact your dealer.
Instrument Panel -- Your Information System
A. Lamp Controls
D. Glove Box
B. Instrument Cluster
E. Audio System
E Climate Controls
C. Vents
2-51
Instrument Panel Cluster
Standard Cluster: United States Version Shown, Canadian Similar
Your instrument cluster is designed to let you know at a glance how your vehicle is running.You’ll know how fast
you’re going, about how much fuel is in your tank and many other things you need to drive safely and economically.
2-52
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles
per hour (mph) and kilometers per hour ( k d h ) . Your
odometer shows how far your vehicle has been driven in
either miles (used in the United States) or in kilometers
(used in Canada).
Your vehicle has a tamper-resistant odometer. If you see
ERROR, you’ll know someone has probably tampered
with it and the numbers may not be accurate.
You may wonder what happens if your vehicle needs a
new odometer installed. If the new one can be set to the
mileage total of the old odometer, then that will be done.
But if it can’t, then it will be set at zero and a label must
be put on the driver’s door to show the old mileage
reading when the new odometer was installed.
Trip Odometer
Your trip odometer tells how far you have driven since
you last reset it. To set it to zero, press the button on the
right side of the instrument cluster.
Your trip/select reset switch willgo back and forth
if the button
between the odometer and the trip odometer
is pressed and released within 1.5 seconds. If the button is
pressed and held for longer than 1.5 seconds while inthe
trip odometer mode,it will be reset to zero. If the button is
pressed and held for longer than 1.5 seconds while in the
odometer mode, it will haveno effect.
Warning Lights, Gages and Indicators
This part describes the warning lights and gages that
may be on your vehicle. The pictures will help you
locate them.
Warning lights and gages can signal that something is
wrong before it becomes serious enough to cause an
expensive repair or replacement.Paying attention to
your warning lights and gages could also save you or
others from injury.
Warning lights come on when there may be or is a
problem with one of your vehicle’s functions. As you
will see in the details on the next few pages, some
warning lights comeon briefly when you start the
engine justto let you know they’re working. If you are
familiar with this section, you should not be alarmed
when this happens.
2-53
Gages can indicate when there may be or is a problem
with one of your vehicle’s functions. Often gages and
warning lights work together to letyou know when
there’s a problem with your vehicle.
When one of the warning lights comes on and stays on
when you are driving,or when one of the gages shows
there may be a problem, check the section that tells you
what to do about it. Please followthis manual’s advice.
Waiting to do repairs can be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights
and gages. They’re a bighelp.
Air Bag Readiness Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument
panel, which shows the air bag symbol. The system
checks the air bag’s electrical system for malfunctions.
The light tells you if there is an electrical problem. The
system check includes the air bag modules, the wiring
and the crash sensing and diagnostic module. For more
information on the air bag system, see “Air Bag” in
the Index.
-
Safety Belt Reminder Light
When the key is turned to RUN or START, a chime will
come on for about eight seconds
to remind people to
fasten theirsafety belts, unless the driver’s safety belt is
already buckled.
The safety belt light will
also come on and stay on
for about 20 seconds,
then it will flash for about
55 seconds. If the driver’s
belt is already buckled,
neither the chime nor the
light will come on.
2-54
I
This light will come on
when you start your engine,
and it will flash for a few
seconds. Then the light
should go out. This means
the system is ready.
If the air bag readiness light stayson after you start the
engine orcomes on when you are driving, your air bag
system may not work properly. Have your vehicle
serviced right away.
The air bag readiness light should flash for afew
seconds when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’tcome on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
Charging System Light
The charging system light
will come on briefly when
you turn on the ignition, as
a check to show you it’s
working. Then it should
go out.
If it stayson, or comes on while you are driving,you
may have a problem with the charging system. It could
indicate that you have a loose drivebelt or another
electrical problem. Have it checked right away. Driving
while this light ison could drainyour battery.
If you must drive a short distance with the light on,
be
certain toturn off all your accessories, such as the radio
and air conditioner.
Brake System Warning Light
Your vehicle’s hydraulic brake system is divided into
two parts. If one part isn’t working, the other partcan
still work and stop you.For good braking, though, you
need both parts working well.
If the warning light comes on, thereis a brake problem.
Have your brake system inspected right away.
BRAKE
This light should come on
briefly when you turn the
ignition key to RUN. If it
doesn’t comeon then,
have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you ifthere’s
a problem.
If the light comes on while you are driving, pull off the
road and stop carefully. You may notice that the pedal is
harder to push. Or, the pedal may go closer tothe floor.
It may take longerto stop. If the light is still on, or if the
anti-lock brake system warning light is flashing,have
the vehicle towed for service. (See“Anti-Lock Brake
System Warning Light” and “Towing Your Vehicle’’in
the Index.)
2-55
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
~
With the anti-lock brake
system, this light will come
on when you start your
engine and it will stay
on for three seconds.
That’s normal.
Your brake system may not be working properly
ANTI if the brake system warning lighton.
is Driving
LOCK
with the brake system warning light on can lead
to anaccident. If the lightis still onor if the
anti-lock brake system warning light
is flashing
after you’ve pulled off the road and stopped
If the light flashes when you’re driving, you don’t have
carefully, have the vehicle towed for service.
anti-lock brakes and there could be a problem with your
regular brakes. Pull off the road and stop carefully. You
may notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, the pedal
When the ignition is on, the brake system warning light
may go closer to the floor. It may take longer tostop.
will also come on when you set your parking brake. The
Have the vehicle towed for service. (See“Towing Your
light will stay on if your parking brake doesn’t release
Vehicle” in the Index.)
fully. If it stays on after your parking brake is fully
released, it means you have a brake problem.
2-56
Anti-Lock Brake System Active Light
Your regular brake system may not be working
properly if the anti-lock brake system warning
light is flashing. Driving with the anti-lock
brake system warning light flashing can lead
to an accident. After you’ve pulled
off the road
and stopped carefully, have the vehicle towed
for service.
If the anti-lock brake system warning light stayson
longer than normal after you’ve started your engine, turn
the ignition off. Or, if the light comes on and stays on
when you’re driving, stop assoon as possible and turn
the ignition off. Then start the engine again to reset the
system. If the light still stays on, or comes on again
while you’re driving,your vehicle needs service. If the
light is on but not flashing and the regular brake system
warning light isn’t on, you still have brakes, but you
don’t have anti-lockbrakes.
I
LOW TRAC
When your anti-lock system
is adjusting brake pressure
to help avoid abraking skid,
the anti-lock brake system
active light will come on.
Slippery road conditions may exist if this light comes
on, so adjust your driving accordingly. The light will
stay on for a few seconds after the system stops
adjusting brake pressure.
The anti-lock brake system active light also comes on
briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’t come on then, have it fixedso it will be
there to tell you when the system is active.
The anti-lock brake system warning light should come
on briefly when you turn the ignition key to RUN. If the
light doesn’tcome on then, have it fixed so it will be
ready to warn you if there is a problem.
2-57
Low Traction Light
LOW TRAC
Engine Coolant Temperature Light
When your anti-lock system
is adjusting brake pressure
to helpavoid a braking skid,
this light will come on.
(Also see “Anti-Lock Brake
System Active Light”
earlier in this section.)
Slippery road conditions may exist if the low traction
light comes on, so adjust your driving accordingly. The
light will stay on for a few seconds after the anti-lock
system stops adjusting brake pressure.
The LOW TRAC light also comes on briefly when you
turn the ignition key to RUN. If the light doesn’t come
on then, have it fixed so it will be there to tell you when
the anti-lock brake system is active.
2-58
-
This lighttells you that your
engine coolant has
overheated or your radiator
cooling
fan
is not working.
TEMP
The light should come on briefly when your ignition is
turned on to show you that it is working.
If you have been operating your vehicle under normal
driving conditions, you should pull off the road, stop
your vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
The “Problems on the Road” section of this manual
shows what to do. See“Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
Engine Coolant Temperature Gage
You have a gage that shows
the engine coolant
temperature. If the gage
pointer moves into thered
area, your engine is too hot!
TEMPERATURE
Low Coolant Warning Light
LOW COOLANT
If this light comes on, your
system is low on coolant
and the engine may
overheat. See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index and
have your vehicle serviced
as soon as you can.
The light will come on briefly when your ignition is
turned on to show you that it is working properly.
That reading means the same thing asthe warning light.
It means that your engine coolanthas overheated. If you
have been operating your vehicle under normal driving
conditions, you should pull off the road, stop your
vehicle and turn off the engine as soon as possible.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(Service Engine Soon Light)
The “Problems on the Road’’ section of this manual
shows what to do. See“Engine Overheating” in
the Index.
SERVICE
SOON
Your vehicle is equipped
with a computer which
monitors operation of the
fuel, ignition and emission
control systems.
2-59
This system is called OBDI1 (On-Board
Diagnostics-Second Generation) and is intendedto assure
for the life of the
that emissions are at acceptable levels
vehicle, helping to produce a cleaner environment.The
SERVICE ENGINESOON light comes on and a chime
will sound to indicate that there is a problem
and service is
required. Malfunctions often will be indicatedby the
system before any problem is apparent.This may prevent
more serious damageto your vehicle. This system is also
designed to assist your service technicianin correctly
diagnosing any malfunction.
NOTICE:
If you keep driving your vehicle with this light
on, aftera while, your emission controls may not
work as well, your fuel economy may not be as
good and your engine may
not run as smoothly.
This could lead to costly repairs that may not be
covered by your warranty.
2-60
This light should come on, as a check to show you it is
working, when the ignition is on and the engine is not
running. If the light doesn’t come on, have it repaired.
This lightwill also come on during a malfunction in one
of two ways:
Light Flashing -- A misfire condition has been
detected. A misfire increases vehicle emissions and
may damage the emission control system on your
vehicle. Dealer or qualifiedservice center diagnosis
and service may be required.
Light On Steady -- An emission control system
malfunction has been detected on your vehicle.
Dealer or qualified service center diagnosis and
service may be required.
If the LightIs Flashing
If the LightIs On Steady
The following may prevent more serious damage to
your vehicle:
You may be able to correct the emissionsystem
malfunction by considering the following:
0
Reducing vehicle speed.
Did you recently put fuel intoyour vehicle?
0
Avoiding hard accelerations.
0
Avoiding steep uphill grades.
0
If you are towing a trailer, reduce the amount of
cargo being hauled as soon as it is possible.
If so, reinstall the fuel cap, making sure tofully install
the cap. The diagnosticsystem can determine if the fuel
cap hasbeen left off or improperly installed. A loose or
missing fuel capwill allow fuel to evaporateinto the
atmosphere. A few driving tripswith the cap properly
installed should turn the light off.
If the light stops flashingand remains on steady, see “If
the Light IsOn Steady” following.
If the light continues to flash,when it is safe todo so,
stop the velzicle. Find a safe placeto park your vehicle.
Turn the key off, wait at least 10 seconds and restart the
engine. If the lightremains on steady, see “If the Light
Is On Steady” following. If the light isstill flashing,
follow the previous steps,and drive the vehicle to your
dealer or qualified service center for service.
Did you just drive through a deeppuddle of water?
If so, your electrical system may be wet. The condition
will usually be correctedwhen the electrical system
dries out. A few drivingtrips should turn the light off.
2-61
Have you recently changed brands of fuel?
If so, be sure to fuelyour vehicle with quality fuel (see
“Fuel” in the Index). Poor fuel quality will cause your
engine not to run as efficiently as designed. You may
notice this as stalling after start-up, stalling when you
put the vehicle into gear, misfiring, hesitation on
acceleration or stumbling on acceleration. (These
conditions may go away once the engineis warmed up.)
This will be detected by the system and cause the light
to turn on.
If you experience one or more of these conditions,
change the fuel brand you use. It will require at least one
full tank of the proper fuel to turn the light off.
If none of the above steps have made the light turn off,
have your dealer orqualified service center check the
vehicle. Your dealer has the proper test equipment and
diagnostic tools to fix any mechanical or electrical
problems that may have developed.
Oil Warning Light
If you have a problem with
your oil, this light may stay
on after you start your
engine, or come on when
you are driving.
This indicates that oil is not going through your engine
quickly enough to keep it lubricated. The enginecould
be low on oil or could have some other oil problem.
Have it fixed right away.
The oil light could also come on in the following
situations:
The light will come on briefly when you turn on the
ignition to show you that it is working properly.
(If it doesn’t come on with the ignition on, you may
have a problem with the fuse orbulb. Have it fixed
right away.)
Sometimes when the engine is idling at a stop, the
light may blink on and off. This isnormal.
2-62
Low Oil Level Light
Don’t keep driving if the oil pressure is low. If
you do, your engine can become so hot that it
catches fire. You or others could beburned.
Check your oil as soon as possible and have your
vehicle serviced.
LOW
OIL
Your engine is equipped
with an oil levelmonitoring
system. When the ignition
key is turned on, the
LOW OIL light will
come on briefly.
If the lightdoes not come on briefly, have it fixed so it
will be ready to warn you if there’s a problem.
NOTICE:
Damage to your engine from neglected oil
problems can be costlyand is not covered by
your warranty.
If the light stays on, stopthe vehicle on a level surface
and turn the engine off. Check the oil levelusing the
engine oil dipstick. (See“Engine Oil” in the Index.) If
the lightdoes not flash, havethe low oil level sensor
system repaired so it will be ready to warn you if there’s
a problem.
The oil level monitoringsystem only checks oil level
during thebrief period between key on and engine
crank. Itdoes not monitor engine oil level when the
engine isrunning. Additionally, an oil level check is
only performed if the enginehas been turned off for a
considerable period of time, allowing the oil normally in
circulation to drain back into theoil pan.
2-63
Change Oil Soon Light
Security Light
I
CHANGE OIL
SOON
Your CHANGE OIL SOON
light should come on as a
bulb check when you start
the engine.
If this light stays on for about20 seconds after you turn
on the ignition, have the oil changed.
When to change your oil alsodepends on driving habits
and conditions because they directly affect engine speed,
coolant temperature and vehicle speed.Because of this,
the CHANGE OILSOON light may come on as early as
2,000 miles (3,200 km)or less forharsh conditions.
Also see “Maintenance Schedule’’ inthe Index for
further instructions on when to change your oil.
To reset the CHANGE OIL SOON light, see
“CHANGE OIL SOON Light, How to Reset” in the
Index. Also, see “Oil Life Monitor” in the Index.
2-64
SECURITY
This light will come on
when you turn the key to
START and stay on until the
vehicle starts.
It will also flash if your ignition key is too dirty or wet
for the PASS-Key I1 system to read the resistor pellet.
See “Pass-Key II” in the Index.
If the resistor pellet is damaged or missing, the light will
come on.
If you’re ever drivingand the SECURITY light comes
on, you will be ableto restart your engine if you turn it
off. Your PASS-Key 11 system, however, is not working
properly and must be serviced by your dealer. Your
vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key I1 system.
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light
Cruise Light
CRUISE
The CRUISE light comes
on whenever you set your
cruise control. See “Cruise
Control” in the Index.
Service Vehicle Soon Light
SERVICE VEHICLE
SOON
This light will come on if
you have certain
non-emission related
vehicle problems.
LOW WASH
This light will come on
when your windshield
washers are working and the
fluid container is low.
The light will also come on briefly when your ignition is
turned on to show that it is working properly.
,---nkAjar Warning Light
DOOR/TRUNK
This light will come on if
your trunk or any door is
not completely closed.
These problems may not be obvious and may affect
vehicle performance or durability. Consult aqualified
dealership fornecessary repairs to maintain top vehicle
performance. The lightwill come on briefly when your
ignition is turned on to show that it is working properly.
2-65
Fuel Gage
Low Fuel Light
Your fuel gage tells you
about how much fuel you
have left when the ignition
is on.When the indicator
nears EMPTY (E), you still
have a little fuel left, but
you should get more soon.
Here are some things owners ask about. All these
situations arenormal and do not show a problem with
your fuel gage:
At the service station, the pump shuts off before the
gage reads FULL (F).
It takes a little more or less fuel to fill up than the
gage indicated. For example, the gage may have
indicated the tank was half full, but it actually took a
little more or lessthan half the tank’s capacity to
fill it.
The gage moves a little when you turn a corner or
speed up.
2-66
1t2
If your fuel is low, a circular
light on your instrument
panel cluster will come on
and stay on and a chime will
sound periodically until you
add fuel.
It will also come on for a few seconds when you first
turn on the ignition as a check to show you it’s working.
If it doesn’t comeon then, have it fixed.
Section 3 Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
In this section, you’ll find out how to operate thecomfort control and audio systemsoffered with your vehicle. Be
sure toread about the particular systems supplied with your vehicle.
3-2
3-2
3-4
3 -7
3- 10
3-1 1
3-12
3- 12
3-12
3- 14
3- 17
Comfort Controls
Manual Single Zone Climate Control
Dual ComforTemp Climate Control
(If Equipped)
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate Control
(If Equipped)
Ventilation System
Rear Window Defogger
Audio Systems
Setting the Clock
AM-FM Stereo
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(If Equipped)
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player and
Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
3-2 1
3-25
3-30
3-32
3-33
3-33
3-34
3-35
3-35
3-35
3-36
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player and
Automatic Tone Control (If Equipped)
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and
Compact Disc Player with Automatic Tone
Control (If Equipped)
Theft-Deterrent Feature(If Equipped)
Audio Steering Wheel Controls (If Equipped)
Understanding Radio Reception
Tips About Your Audio System
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
Care of Your Compact Discs
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
Fixed Mast Antenna
Backglass Antenna (If Equipped)
3-1
Temperature Knob
Comfort Controls
Manual Single Zone Climate Control
The centerknob changes the temperature of the air
coming through the system. Turn this knob toward red
(to the right) for warmer air. Turn it toward blue (to the
left) for coolerair.
Mode Knob
W
W
-
W
0
(-)
~-
COMFORT CONTROL
With this system, you can control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle. The system works best if
you keep your windows closed while using it.
Fan Knob
The left knob selects the amount of air you want. To turn
the fan off, turn the knob to OFF.
If the airflow seems very low when the fan knob is turned
to the highest setting, regardless of the mode setting, your
passenger compartment air filter may need to be replaced.
See “Maintenance Schedule’’ in the Index.
The right knob has several settings to control the
direction of airflow:
MAX: This setting recirculates much of the air inside
your vehicle and sends itthrough the instrument panel
outlets. The air conditioning compressor will run
automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C). (Even when the
compressor is running, you can control the temperature.)
NORM: This setting brings in outside airand sends it
through the instrument panel outlets. The air
conditioning compressor will run automatically in this
setting unless the outside temperature is below 40°F
(4°C).(Even when the compressor is running, you can
control the temperature.)
BI-LEV: This setting brings in outside air and directs it
two ways. Half of the air is directedthrough the
instrument panel outlets. Most of the remaining air is
directed through the floor ducts
and a little tothe defrost
and side window vents. The air conditioningcompressor
will run automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C).
VENT This settingbrings in outside air and directs it
through the instrument panel outlets.
HTR: This setting sendsmost of the air through the
ducts near the floor. The rest comes out of the defroster
and side window vents.
BLEND: This setting allows half of the air to go to the
floor ductsand half to the defroster and side window
vents. The air conditioningcompressor will run
automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C).
9FRONT: This setting directsmost of the air
Air Conditioning
On very hot days, open the wlnaows long enough to let
hot, inside air escape. Thisreduces the time for the
vehicle to cooldown.
For a quickcool-down on very hot days, use MAX with
the temperature knob all the way in the blue area.If this
setting isused for longperiods of time, the air in your
vehicle may become too dry.
For normal cooling on hot days, use NORM with the
temperature knob in the blue area. The system will bring
in outside airand cool it.
On cool, but sunny days, the sun may warm your upper
body, but your lower body may not be warm enough.
You can use BI-LEV and set the temperature knob to a
comfortable setting. The system will bring in outside air
and direct it to your upper body, while sending slightly
warmed air to your lower body. You may notice this
temperature differencemore at some times than others.
through the defrosterand side window vents. Some of
the air also goes to the floor ducts. The air conditioning
compressor will run automatically in this settingunless
the outside temperature isbelow 40°F (4°C).
3-3
..
ang
u n cold days, use HTR with the temperature knob all
the way in thered area. The system will bring in outside
air, heat it and send it to thefloor ducts.
If your vehicle has an engine coolantheater, you can use
it to helpyour system provide warm air fasterwhen it’s
cold outside (0°F (- 18“C)or lower). An engine coolant
heater warms the coolant your engine and heating
system use to provide heat. See “Engine Coolant
Heater” in the Index.
Dual ComforTemp Climate Control
(If Equipped)
0
C T )
I
looooom[1oool
1
(
PASSENGER TEMP
Ventilation
For mild outside temperatures when little heating or
cooling is needed, use VENT to direct outside air
through your vehicle. Your vehicle also has the
flow-through ventilation system described later in
this section.
With this system, the driver and passenger can maintain
separate temperatures. The system works best if you
keep your windows closed while using it.
Defogging and Defrosting
Fan Control
Your system has two settings for clearing the frontand
side windows. To defrost the windows quickly, use
FRONT with the temperature knob all the way in the red
area. To warm passengers while keeping the windows
clear, use BLEND.
The leftknob labeled FAN controls the fan
speed selection.
3-4
,
If the airflow seems very low when thefan knob is turned
to the highest setting regardless of the mode setting, your
passenger compartment air filter may need to be replaced.
See “Maintenance Schedule” in the Index.
Driver’s TemperatureKnob
The center knob sets the temperaturefor the driver’s
outlets. Turn the knob toward red (to the right) for
warmer air. Turn it toward blue (to the left) for
cooler air.
Passenger’s Temperature Lever
The bottom lever adjusts the air temperature
on the
passenger’s side independent of the temperature setby
the driver. Slide the lever toward the right to raisethe
temperature. Slide the levertoward the left to lower
the temperature.
Mode Knob
NORM: This setting brings in outside air and sends
it through the instrument panel outlets. The air
conditioning compressor will run automatically in this
setting unless the outside temperatureis below 40°F
(4°C). (Even when the compressor is running,you can
control thetemperature.)
BI-LEV: This setting brings in outside air and directs it
two ways. Half of the air is directedthrough the
instrument panel outlets. Mostof the remaining air is
directed through the floor ductsand a littleto the defrost
and side window vents. The air conditioningcompressor
will run automatically in this setting unless the outside
C). (Even when the
temperature isbelow 40°F (4”
compressor is running, you can control the temperature.)
The right knob has several settings to controlthe
direction of airflow. To access the various modes
available, turn the mode button to thedesired mode.
VENT This settingbrings in outside air and directs it
through the instrumentpanel outlets.
MAX: This setting recirculatesmuch of the air inside
your vehicle and sends itthrough the instrument panel
outlets. The air conditioningcompressor will run
automatically in this settingunless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C). (Even when the
compressor is running,you can control the temperature.)
ducts near the floor. The rest comes out of the defroster
and side window vents.
HTR: This setting sendsmost of the air through the
BLEND: This setting allowshalf of the air to go to the
floor ductsand half to the defroster and side window
vents. The air conditioningcompressor will run
automatically in this setting unless the outside
temperature is below 40°F (4°C). (Even when the
compressor is running,you can control the temperature.)
3-5
FRONT This settingdirects most of the air
through the defrosterand side window vents. Some of
the airgoes to the floor ductsand the side window vents.
The airconditioning compressor will run automatically
in this setting unless the outside temperature is below
40°F (4°C). (Even when the compressor is running, you
can control the temperature.)
Air Conditioning
On very hot days, open the windows long enough to let
hot, inside airescape. This reduces the time forthe
vehicle to cool down.
Heating
On cold days, useHTR with the temperature knob and
lever all the way in the red area. The system will bring
in outside air, heat it and send it to the floor ducts.
If your vehicle has an engine coolant heater, you can use
it to help your system provide warm air faster when it’s
cold outside(0°F (-18°C) or lower). An engine coolant
heater warms the coolant your engine and heating
system use to provide heat. See “Engine Coolant
Heater’’ in the Index.
Ventilation
For a quick cool-down on very hot days, useMAX with
the temperature knobs all the way in the bluearea. If
this setting is used for longperiods of time, the air in
your vehicle may become too dry.
For mild outside temperatures, when little heating
or
cooling is needed, use VENT to direct outsideair through
your vehicle. Your vehiclealso has the flow-through
ventilation system described laterin this section.
For normal cooling on hot days, useNORM with the
temperature knobs in the blue area. The system will
bring in outsideair and cool it.
Defogging and Defrosting
On cool, but sunny days, thesun may warm your upper
body, but your lower body may not be warm enough.
You can use BI-LEV and set the temperature knob to a
comfortable setting. The system will bring in outside air
and direct it to your upper body, while sending slightly
warmed air to your lower body. You may notice this
temperature difference more at some times than others.
Your system has two settings
for clearing the front andside
windows. To defrost the windows quickly, FRONT
use
with
the temperature knob all the way in the red area.
For maximum defroster performance, set both driver and
passenger temperature controls to the warmest setting.
To warmpassengers while keeping the windows clear,
use BLEND.
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate
Control (If Equipped)
notice a delay of two to threeminutes before the fan
comes on at start up in cool weather.
Driver’s Temperature Control
1
0
.
PASSENGERCONTROL
\
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-
)
I 11 Dj
1
The TEMP switch sets the temperaturefor the entire
system when the lighton the DUAL button isn’t lit.If the
light is lit, this control sets the temperature for the driver
only. Press the up arrowto raise the temperature and press
the down arrow to lower the temperature. The display will
show your selectionfor a few seconds, then the outside
temperature will be displayed. If you push the AUTO
button, the system will control thefan speed and airflow.
Passenger’s Temperature Control
With this system,you set a temperature. You can then
either let thesystem automatically control airflow
direction and force to maintain the temperature,or you
can manually adjust it. The system works best if you
keep your windows closed whileusing it.
Automatic Control
For the most efficient operation,you should set the
system temperature and press AUTO. The system will
select the best fan speed and airflow settings tokeep you
comfortable. The air conditioning
compressor will run if
the outside temperatureis above 40°F (4°C). You may
The PASSENGER CONTROL buttons with the arrows
adjust the temperature on the passenger’s sideso it is
warmer or cooler thanthe temperature set by the driver.
Push the DUAL button so that the indicator light is lit.
Press theright m o w button to raise the temperature.
Press the leftarrow button to lower the temperature. The
display will not show the passenger’s temperature, only
that of the driver. Indicators in the passenger control
section will show passenger temperature relative to the
driver’s set temperature.
0
The amber light indicates the sametemperature as
set for thedriver.
3-7
The red lights indicate a warmer temperature than
that of the driver.
The blue lights indicate a cooler temperature than
that of the driver.
Manual Control
If you prefer to manually control the heating, cooling
and ventilation in your vehicle, you can select airflow
direction, fan speed, outside orrecirculated air and air
compressor operation with the following buttons:
AIR FLOW This control has several settingsto control
the direction of airflow when the system
is not in AUTO.
To access the various modes available, continue to press
the AIR FLOW rocker button up and down until the
desired mode appears in the display:
WINDSHIELD/FLOOR: This setting directs half
of the air to the floor ductsand half to the defroster
and side window vents.
0
MIDlFLOOR: This setting directs half of the air
through the instrument panel outlets. Most of the
remaining air isdirected through the floor ductsand
a little to the defroster and side window vents.
3-8
MID: This setting directs air through the instrument
panel outlets.
FLOOR: This setting sends most of the air through
the ducts near the floor. The rest comes out of the
defroster and side window vents.
FRONT: This setting brings in outside airand
directs most of the air through the defrostvent. Some
of the air also goes to the floor ductsand the side
window defogger outlets. The indicatoron the button
will light and WINDSHIELD will be lit in the display.
The airconditioning compressor will run automatically
in this setting unless the outside temperature is below
40°F (4°C).
VENT This pushbutton turns the air conditioning
compressor on and off. The indicator lightswhen the
compressor is turned off. Recirculation is not permitted
when the compressor is off. The system will try to
control the temperature automatically, but without
the compressor.
Vent is not permitted in FRONT defrost mode. If the
vent button is pushed while in FRONT defrost mode,
the indicator will light for one second and then turn off.
RECIRC: This setting recirculatesmuch of the air
inside your vehicle. This setting is not permitted in
FRONT defrostmode and is only permittedin
WINDSHIELD/FLOOR mode if the compressor is
turned on. The indicator lightwill be litwhen
recirculation is engaged, but will light for onesecond
and then turn off if selected when not permitted.
Air Conditioning
On very hot days, open the windows long enough to let
hot, inside air escape. This reduces
the time for the
vehicle to cool down.
For a quickcool-down on very hot days, use MAX with
the temperature knobs all the way in the blue area. If
this setting is used for long periodsof time, the air in
your vehicle may become too dry.
For normal cooling on hot days, use NORM with the
temperature knobs in the blue area.The system will
bring in outside air and cool it.
On cool, but sunny days, the sun may warm your upper
body, but your lower body may not be warm enough.
You can use BI-LEV and set the temperature knob to a
comfortable setting. Thesystem will bring in outside air
and direct it to your upper body, while sending slightly
warmed air to your lower body. You may notice this
temperature differencemore at some times than others.
Heating
On cold days, use HTR with the temperature knobs all
the way in the red area. The system will bring in outside
air, heat it and send it to the floor ducts.
If your vehicle has an engine coolantheater, you can use
it to help your system provide warm air fasterwhen it’s
cold outside(0°F (- 18°C) or lower).An engine coolant
heater warms the coolantyour engine and heating
system use to provide heat. See“Engine Coolant
Heater” in the Index.
Defogging and Defrosting
Your system has two settings for clearingthe front and
side windows. To defrost thewindows quickly, press the
FRONT button; set the temperature to 90 O F (32”C),
select highfan speed and turn the DUAL button off. To
warm passengers while keeping the windows clear, push
the AIR FLOW button until WINDSHIELDFLOOR
appears in the display. Select fanspeed for comfort and
windshield clearing performance.
3-9
Ventilation Tips
Ventilation System
Adjust the direction
of airflow by moving
the vents.
Your vehicle’s flow-through ventilation system supplies
outside air intothe vehicle when it is moving. Outside
air will also enter the vehicle when the air conditioning
fan is running.
If the airflow seems very low when the fan knob is
turned to the highest setting regardless of the mode
setting, your passenger compartment air filtermay need
to be replaced. See “Maintenance Schedule” in
the Index.
3-10
0
Keep the hood and front air inlet free of ice, snow or
any other obstruction, such as leaves. The heater and
defroster will work far better, reducing the chance of
fogging the inside of your windows.
0
When you enter a vehicle in cold weather, adjust the
mode knob or button to FLOOR and the fan to the
highest speed for a few seconds before driving off.
This helps clear the intake ductsof snow and
moisture and reduces the chance of fogging the
inside of your windows.
0
Keep the air path under the front seats clearof
objects. This helps air to circulate throughout
your vehicle.
I NOTICE:
Rear Window Defogger
0
C
lfffJ
REAR
The rearwindow defogger uses a warming grid to
remove fog from the rear
window. Press the button to
turn the reardefogger on, Itwill turn itself off after
about 10 minutes. The picture aboveon the left refersto
the defogger button that is found on a Manual Single
Zone Climate Control Systemor Dual ComforTemp
Climate Control System; the button on the right is found
on the Dual Automatic ComforTemp System.
I
Do not attach anything like
a temporary vehicle
license or decal across the defogger grid.
I NOTICE:
I
Don’t usea razor blade or anything else sharp on
the insideof the rear window.If you do, you
could cut or damage the warming grid, and the
repairs wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
If you turn it on again, the rear
defogger will only run
for about fiveminutes before turning off. You can also
turn it off by pressing thebutton again.
3-11
Audio Systems
AM-FM Stereo
Your Delco Electronics audio system has been designed
to operate easily and give years of listening pleasure.
You will get the most enjoyment out of it if you acquaint
yourself with it first. Find out what your Delco
Electronics system can do and how to operate all its
controls, to be sure you’re gettingthe most out of the
advanced engineering that went into it.
Setting the Clock
Press and hold HRS until the correct hour appears. Press
and hold MIN until the correct minute appears.
You may set the clock with the ignition off if you
press RECALL first and follow the same procedure
described above.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: This knob turns the system on and off and
controls the volume. To increase volume and turn the
radio on, turn the knob to the right. Turn it to the left to
decrease volume.
3-12
RECALL: Press theupper knob briefly to recallthe
station being played or to displaythe clock. To change
what is normally shown on the display(station or time),
press the knob until you see the displayyou want, then
hold the knob until the display flashes.If you press the
knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations.You can set up to
18 stations (sixAM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
Finding a Station
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return.
AM-FM: Press theAM-FM button to switchbetween
AM, FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right or left arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
and SCAN will appear on thedisplay. Use SCAN to
listen to stations fora few seconds. The radio will go to
a station, stop fora few seconds,then go on to the next
station. Press oneof the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
1 . Turn the radio on.
2. Press the AM-FM button to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press thisbutton to listen toeach of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radiowill go to
the firstpreset station, stop fora few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. The radiowill not stop at a preset station if the
station is weak.
3-13
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasebass.
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player
(If Equipped)
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasetreble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decreasethe treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move
the sound to the left or right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move
the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: This knob turns the system on and off and
controls the volume. To increase volume and turn the
radio on, turn the knob to the right. Turn it to the left to
decrease volume.
3-14
RECALL: Press the upper knob briefly to recall the
station being played or to display the clock. To change
what is normally shown on the display (station or time),
press the knob until you see the display you want, then
hold the knob until the display flashes.If you press the
knob when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press the lower knob to switch between AM,
FM1 and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations.
SEEK: Press the right or left arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds,
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. The radiowill go to
a station, stop for few
a seconds, then go on to the next
station. Pressone of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations.You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM 1 and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
4. Press and hold one of the six numbered burtons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return.
5. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop fora few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. The radiowill not stop at apreset if the station
is weak.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increaseor decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasetreble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decreasethe treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
3-15
2
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Turn the control behind the upper knob to move
If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
ElO: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn the
tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold
the tape with the
open end down andtry to turn the right hub to the left
with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat.
If the
hubs do not turn easily, your tape may be damaged and
should not be used in the player. Try a new tape to
make sure your player is working properly.
the sound to the left or right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
FADE: Turn the control behind the lower knob to move
the sound to the front or rear speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer sidewith the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on,the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls justas you do for the
radio. Other controls may have different functions when
a tape is inserted. The display will show an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
If you want to inserta tape when the ignition or radiois
off, first press EJECT or RECALL. Note that the
cassette tape adapter kits for portable compact disc
players will work in your cassette tape player.
Your tape bias is set automatically.
3-16
0
E l l : The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it to
your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to search for the previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK left and right arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
I
44 (3): Press this button to reverse thetape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play while the tape reverses.
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape Player
and AutomaticTone Control (If Equipped)
bb (4): Press this button to advance quickly to another
to return to playing
part of the tape. Press the button again
speed. The radio will play while the tape advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
10 (6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
The displaywill show either OFF or ON for a few
seconds when you press the button.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarksof Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for five seconds to
reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob to the right. Turn
it to the left to decrease the volume.
3-17
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or to display the clock. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
this button until you see thedisplay you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes. If you press the
button when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
PUSHBUTTONS: The sixnumbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations.You can set up to
I 8 stations (six AM, six FM 1 and six FM2). Just:
Finding a Station
4. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FMl and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose radio
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows fortwo seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen tostations for a few seconds. The radiowill go to
a station, stop fora few seconds, then go on to the next
station. Press oneof the SEEK buttons again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
3-18
1. Turn the radio on.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
3. Tune in the desired station.
P SCAN:Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop fora few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AUTO SET Press this buttonand the system will seek
and set the 12 strongest FM orthe 6 strongest AM
stations onyour preset buttons (depending on which
band (AM or FM) you are listeningto). AUTO SET will
flash while seekingand will remain on until this
function is complete. To return to the stations you
manually set, press AUTO SET again.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends.Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass.
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasetreble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Push these knobsback into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TONE: This feature allowsyou to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock, jazz,talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, another settingwill
appear on the display. Press it again afterC & W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also, if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, controlwill return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to move the sound to the left or right speakers.
The middle position balances the sound between
the speakers.
FADE: Press this knob lightly so it extends.Turn
the knob to move the sound to the front or rear
speakers. Themiddle position balances the sound
between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a CassetteTape
The longer sidewith the tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on,the tape can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound,the tape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use the VOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls justas you do for the
radio. Other controls may have different functionswhen
a tape is inserted. The displaywill show an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
3-19
If you want to insert a tape when the ignition or radio is
off, first press EJECT orRECALL. Note that the
cassette tape adapter kits for portable compact disc
players will work in your cassette tape player.
PREV (1): Press this button to search for theprevious
Your tape bias is set automatically.
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at leastthree
If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
0
0
E10: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn
the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with
the open end down and try to turn the right hub to
the left with a pencil. Turn the tape overand repeat.
If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape may be
damaged and should not be used in the player.
Try a newtape to make sure your player is
working properly.
Ell: The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occurs repeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide itto
your dealer when reporting the problem.
3-20
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK up and down arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
.
44 (3): Press this button to reversethe tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play while the tape reverses.
(4): Press this button to advance quickly
to another
part of the tape. Press the button againto return to playing
speed. The radio will play while the tape advances.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
00 (6): Press this button to reduce background noise.
The double-D symbol will appear on the display.
AM-FM Stereowith Compact Disc Player
and AutomaticTone Control (If Equipped)
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a tape
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape
function when the radio is on. TAPE PLAY with an
arrow will appear on the display when the tape is active.
EJECT Press this button to remove the tape. The radio
will play.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. It will still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for fiveseconds to
reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob to turn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob to the right. Turn
it to the left to decrease the volume.
3-21
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recall the station
being played or to display the clock. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station or time), press
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations.You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FM1 and six FM2). Just:
the button until you see thedisplay you want, then hold
the button until the display flashes.If you press the
button when the ignition is off, the clock will show for a
few seconds.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Finding a Station
4. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
AM-FM: Press this button to switchbetween AM,
FM1 and FM2. The displayshows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose
radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher or lower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for a few seconds. Theradio will go to
a station, stop for a few seconds, then go on to thenext
station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. The sound will mute while scanning.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
3-22
1. Turn the radio on.
3. Tune in the desired station.
6. Repeat the steps for each pushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listento each of your
preset stations for a few seconds. The radio will go to
the first preset station, stop fora few seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AUTO SET Press thisbutton and the system will seek
and set the 12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
stations on your preset buttons (depending on which
band (AM or FM) you are listening to). AUTO SET will
flash while seekingand will remain on until this
function is complete. To return to the stations you
manually set, press AUTO SET again.
Setting the Tone
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn this knob
to move the soundto the left or right speakers.The middle
position balances the sound betweenthe speakers.
FADE: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn this
knob to move the soundto the front or rear speakers.The
middle position balances the sound between the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a CompactDisc
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease treble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decrease the treble.
Insert a dischalfway into the slot, label sideup. The
player will pull it in.The disc should begin playing.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
If you want to insert a CD while the ignition or the radio
is off, first press EJECT or RECALL.
TONE: This feature allowsyou to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed
for classical,
pop, rock, jazz, talkand country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. Press it again afterC & W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also,if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
If you’re driving on a very rough road or if it’s very hot,
the disc may not play and an error code may appear on
the display. When things get back to normal, the disc
should play. If the disc comes out, it could bethat:
0
E20: The disc is upside down.
E20: It is dirty, scratched or wet.
0
E20: There’s too much moisture in the air.
(Wait about an hour and try again.)
3-23
If any error occursrepeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press this button to go tothe start of the
current track if more than eight secondshave played.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving back through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
If you hold the button or pressit more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK down and up arrowswill also find the
previous and next selections on the disc.
44 (3):Press and hold this button to quickly reverse
within a track. You will hear sound.
(4): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
within a track. You will hear sound.
RAND (6): Press this button to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press RAND
again to turn off random play.
..
3-24
RECALL: Press this button to see which track is
playing. Press it again within five seconds to seehow
long it has been playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsedtime), press the
button until you see the display you want, then hold the
button until the display flashes.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a disc
is in the player.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the disc
function when the radio is on. When a disc isinserted,
the disc will play until you press AM-FM. Then the
disc will stop playing and the radio will play. Press
SOURCE again to play a disc again. CD PLAY will
show on the display.
EJECT Press this button to remove the disc. The radio
will play.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a disc in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source.
AM-FM Stereo with CassetteTape and
Compact Disc Player with Automatic Tone
Control (If Equipped)
RECALL: Press this button briefly to recallthe station
being played or to displaythe clock. To change what is
normally shown on the display (station ortime), press
the RECALL button until you see the display you want,
then hold the RECALL button until the display flashes.
If you press the button when the ignition is off, the clock
will show for a few seconds.
Finding a Station
AM-FM: Press this button to switch between AM,
FMl and FM2. The display shows your selection.
TUNE: Press the up or down arrow to choose
radio stations.
SEEK: Press the up or down arrow to go to the next
higher orlower station and stay there. The sound will
mute while seeking.
Playing the Radio
VOLUME: Press this knob toturn the system on and
off. To increase volume, turn the knob to the right. Turn
it to the left to decrease volume.
SCAN: Press one of the SEEK arrows for two seconds
and SCAN will appear on the display. Use SCAN to
listen to stations for afew seconds. The radiowill go to
a station, stop for a few seconds,
then go on to the next
station. Press one of the SEEK arrows again to stop
scanning. Thesound will mute while scanning.
3-25
PUSHBUTTONS: The six numbered pushbuttons let
you return to your favorite stations. You can set up to
18 stations (six AM, six FMl and six FM2). Just:
1. Turn the radio on.
stations on your preset buttons. AUTO SETwill flash
while seeking and will remain on until this function is
complete. To return to the stations you manually set,
press AUTO SET again.
2. Press AM-FM to select the band.
Setting the Tone
3. Tune in the desired station.
BASS: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decrease bass.
4. Press TONE to select the setting you prefer.
5. Press and hold one of the six numbered buttons. The
sound will mute. When it returns, release the button.
Whenever you press that numbered button, the
station you set will return and the tone you selected
will be automatically selected for that button.
6. Repeat the steps for eachpushbutton.
P SCAN: Press this button to listen to each of your
preset stations for afew seconds. Theradio will go to
the first preset station, stop for few
a seconds, then go
on to the next preset station. Press P SCAN again to stop
scanning. If a preset station has weak reception, the
radio will not stop at the preset station.
AUTO SET Press this button and the system will seek
and set the 12 strongest FM or the 6 strongest AM
3-26
TREB: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn the
knob to increase or decreasetreble. If a station is weak
or noisy, you may want to decreasethe treble.
Push these knobs back into their stored positions when
you’re not using them.
TONE: This featureallows you to choose preset bass
and treble equalization settings designed for classical,
pop, rock, jazz, talk and country/western stations.
CLASS will appear on the display when you first press
TONE. Each time you press it, another setting will
appear on the display. Press it again after C & W
appears and MANUAL will appear. Tone control will
return to the BASS and TREB knobs. Also, if you use
the BASS and TREB knobs, control will return to them
and MANUAL will appear.
Adjusting the Speakers
BAL: Press this knob lightly so it extends. Turn theknob
to move the soundto the left or right speakers. The middle
position balances the sound between the speakers.
FADE: Press this knob lightlyso it extends. Turn the
or speakers.
knob to move the sound to the front rear
The middle position balances the sound between
the speakers.
Push these knobs back into their storedpositions when
you’re not using them.
Playing a Cassette Tape
The longer side with the
tape visible should face to the
right. If the ignition and the radio are on, the tape
can be
inserted and will begin playing. If you hear nothing or
hear a garbled sound, thetape may not be in squarely.
Press EJECT to remove the tape and start over.
While the tape is playing, use theVOLUME, FADE,
BAL, BASS and TREB controls just as you do for the
radio. Other controlsmay have different functionswhen
a tape is inserted. The displaywill show an arrow to
show which side of the tape is playing.
If you want to insert a tapewhen the ignition or radio
is off, firstpress EJECT orRECALL.
Your tape bias isset automatically.
If E and a number appear on the radio display, the tape
won’t play because of an error.
0
E10: The tape is tight and the player can’t turn
the tape hubs. Remove the tape. Hold the tape with
the open end down and try to turn the right hub to
the left with a pencil. Turn the tape over and repeat.
If the hubs do not turn easily, your tape may be
damaged and should not be used in the player.
Try a new tape to make sure your player is
working properly.
E l l : The tape is broken. Try a new tape.
If any error occursrepeatedly or if an error can’t be
corrected, please contact your dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press thisbutton to search forthe previous
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at leastthree
seconds of silence between each selection for PREV to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
3-27
NEXT (2): Press this button to search for the next
selection on the tape. Your tape must have at least three
seconds of silence between each selection for NEXT to
work. The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the tape.
.
44 (3): Press this button to reverse the tape rapidly.
Press it again to return to playing speed. The radio will
play while the tape reverses.
(4): Press this button to advance quickly to
another part of the tape. Press the button again to
return to playing speed. The radiowill play while the
tape advances.
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the tape or
disc function when the radio is on. If both a tape and a
disc are installed, the system will first go to tape play;
TAPE SIDE and an arrow will appear on the display. If
SOURCE is pressed again, thesystem will go to disc
play; CD PLAY will appear on the display.
EJECT The system has two EJECT buttons. Press the
button near the CD slot toremove a disc. Press the
button near the tape slot toremove a tape and the radio
will play.
noise. The double-D symbol will appear in the display.
CLN: If this message appears on the display, the
cassette tape player needs to be cleaned. Itwill still play
tapes, but you should clean it as soon as possible to
prevent damage to the tapes and player. See “Care of
Your Cassette Tape Player” in the Index. After you clean
the player, press and hold EJECT for five seconds to
reset the CLN indicator. The radio will display --- to
show the indicator was reset.
Dolby Noise Reduction is manufactured under a license
from Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolby
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Your cassette tape player automatically reduces
background noise from tapes encoded with Dolby NR.
You may turn Dolby off by pressing the number
six preset.
SIDE (5): Press this button to change the side of the
tape that is playing.
RAND (6): Press this button to reduce background
3-28
Playing a Compact Disc
Insert a dischalfway into the slot, label side up. The
player will pull it in. The disc should
begin playing.
If you want to insert aCD while the ignition or the radio
is off, firstpress EJECT or RECALL.
If you’re driving on very
a
rough road or if it’s very hot,
the discmay not play and an error codemay appear on
the display. When things getback to normal, the disc
should play. If the disc comes out, it couldbe that:
E20: The disc is upside down.
E20: It is dirty, scratched or wet.
E20: There’s too much moisture in the air. (Wait
about an hour and try again.)
If any error occursrepeatedly or if an error can’tbe
corrected, please contactyour dealer. If your radio
displays an error number, write it down and provide it
to your dealer when reporting the problem.
PREV (1): Press thisbutton to go to the startof the
current track, if more than eight seconds have played.
If you hold the button orpress it more than once,the
player will continue moving back through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
NEXT (2): Press this button to go to the next track.
If you hold the button or press it more than once, the
player will continue moving forward through the disc.
The sound will mute while seeking.
The SEEK down and up arrows will also find the
previous and next selections on the disc.
44 (3): Press and hold this button to quickly reverse
within a track. You will hear sound.
bb (4): Press and hold this button to quickly advance
within a track. You will hear sound.
RAND (6): Press thisbutton to hear the tracks in
random, rather than sequential, order. Press RAND
again to turn off random play.
RECALL: Press this button to see which track is
playing. Press it again within five seconds to see how
long it has been playing. To change what is normally
shown on the display (track or elapsed time),press the
RECALL button until you see the display you want,
then hold the RECALL button until the display flashes.
AM-FM: Press this button to play the radio when a
disc is in the player.
3-29
SOURCE: Press this button to change to the disc
function when the radiois on. When a disc is inserted,
the disc will play until you press AM-FM. Then the disc
will stop playing and the radiowill play. Press SOURCE
again toplay a disc again. CD PLAY will show on
the display.
EJECT: Press this button to remove the disc. The
radio will play.
If you turn off the ignition or radio with a disc in the
player, it will stay in the player. When you turn on the
ignition or system, the disc will start playing where it
stopped, if it was the last-selected audio source.
Also, as a protection feature, if a CD is ejected and left
in the player, it will bepulled back in the player with the
ignition on or off.
Theft-Deterrent Feature(If Equipped)
THEFTLOCK@ is designed to discouragetheft of your
radio. It works by using a secret code to disable all radio
functions whenever battery power is removed.
If THEFTLOCK is active, the THEFTLOCK indicator
will flash when the ignition is off.
3-30
The THEFTLOCK feature for the radio may be used or
ignored. If ignored, the system plays normally and the
radio is not protected by the feature.If THEFTLOCK is
activated, your radio will not operate if stolen.
When THEFTLOCK is activated, the radio will display
LOC to indicate a locked condition anytime battery
power is removed. If your battery loses power for any
reason, you must unlock the radio with the secret code
before it will operate.
Activating the Theft-Deterrent Feature
The instructions which follow explainhow to enter your
secret code to activate the THEFTLOCK system. It is
recommended that you read through all nine steps
before starting the procedure.
NOTE: If you allow more than 15 seconds to elapse
between any steps, the radio automatically reverts to
time and you must start the procedure over at Step4.
I . Write down any three or four-digit number from
000 to 1999 and keep it in a safe place separate from
the vehicle.
2. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
3. Turn the radio off.
4. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until --- shows on the display. Next you will use the
secret codenumber which you have written down.
Unlocking the Theft-Deterrent Feature After a
Power Loss
Enter your secret code as follows;pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
5 . Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
1. LOC appears when the ignition is on.
6. Press MIN again to make the last two digitsagree
with your code.
2. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
7. Press HRS to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
8. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret codeyou have written down.
The display will show REP to letyou know that you
need to repeat Steps5 through 7 to confirm your
secret code.
9. Press AM-FM and this time the display will show
SEC to letyou know that your radio is secure.
3. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
4. Press HRS to make the first one ortwo digits agree
with your code.
5. Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret code you have written down.
The display will show SEC, indicating the radio is
now operable and secure.
If you enter the wrongcode eight times,MOP will appear
on the display. You will have to wait an hour with the
ignition on before you can try again. When youtry again,
you will only have three more chances (eight tries per
chance) to enter the correctcode before INOP appears.
If you lose or forgetyour code, contact your dealer.
3-31
Disabling the Theft-Deterrent Feature
Enter your secret code as follows;pause no more than
15 seconds between steps:
To unlock a secured radio see “Unlocking the
Theft-Deterrent Feature After a Power Loss” earlier in
this section.
1. Turn the ignition to ACCESSORY or RUN.
2. Turn the radio off.
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
(If Equipped)
3. Press the 1 and 4 buttons together. Hold them down
until SEC shows on the display.
If your vehicle has this feature, you can control certain
radio functions using the buttons on your steering wheel.
4. Press MIN and 000 will appear on the display.
5. Press MIN again to make the last two digits agree
with your code.
6. Press HRS to make the first one or two digits agree
with your code.
7 . Press AM-FM after you have confirmed that the
code matches the secret codeyou have written down.
The display will show ---,indicating that the radio
is no longer secured.
If the code entered is incorrect, SEC will appear on the
display. The radio will remain secured until the correct
code is entered.
When battery power is removed and later applied to a
secured radio, the radio won’t turn on and LOC will
appear on the display.
3-32
SEEK: Press the up or
down arrow to tune to
the next or previous
radio station.
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, the player
will advance to the next or previous selection.
SCAN: Press the SCAN button and SCAN will appear on
the display. SCAN worksas the PSCAN button on your
Understanding Radio Reception
AM
radio. It will scan through each
of the preset radio stations.
If
a preset radio station has weak reception, the radio
will not
The range formost AM stations 1s greater than for FM,
stop at the preset station. Press
SCAN again to stop scanning. especially at night. The longer
range, however, can
cause
stations
to
interfere
with
each other. AM can pick
AM-FM: Press this button to choose
AM, FM1 or FM2.
and power lines. Try
If a cassette tape or compact disc is playing, press this up noise from things like storms
reducing the treble to reduce this
noise if you ever get it.
button to stop it
and the radio willplay.
SRCE: Press this button to
FM Stereo
change to the cassette tape,
compact disc function or
return toplaying the radio.
FM stereo will give you the best sound, butFM signals
will reachonly about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). Tall
buildings or hills can interfere
with FM signals, causing
the sound to comeand go.
Tips AboutYour Audio System
MUTE: Press this button to silence the audio system.
Press it againto turn on the sound.
Hearing damage fromloud noise is almost undetectable
until it is too late.Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound. Sound thatseems normal can be loud
and harmful toyour hearing. Take precautions by
adjusting thevolume control on your radio to a safe
sound level beforeyour hearing adapts to it.
VOL: Press the up or down arrow to increase or
decrease volume.
3-33
To help avoid hearing loss or damage:
Adjust the volume control to the lowest setting.
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably
and clearly.
NOTICE:
Before you add any sound equipmentto your
vehicle like atape player, CB radio, mobile
telephone or two-way radio be sure you can add
what you want.If’you can, it’s veryimportant to
do it properly. Added sound equipment may
interfere with the operation
of your vehicle’s
engine, Delco Electronicsradio or other systems,
and even damage them. Your vehicle’s systems may
interfere with the operationof sound equipment
that has been added improperly.
So, before adding sound equipment, check with
your dealer and be sure to check Federal rules
covering mobileradio and telephone units.
--
3-34
--
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleaned regularly can cause
reduced sound quality, ruined cassettes or adamaged
mechanism. Cassette tapes should be stored in their
cases away from contaminants, direct sunlight and
extreme heat. If they aren’t, they may not operate
properly or may cause failureof the tape player.
Your tape player should be cleaned regularly after every
50 hours of use. Your radio may display CLN to indicate
that you have used your tape player for 50 hours without
resetting the tape clean timer. If this message appears on
the display, your cassette tape player needs to be
cleaned. It will still play tapes, but you should clean it as
soon as possible to prevent damage to your tapes and
player. If you notice a reduction in sound quality, try a
known good cassette to see if it is the tape or the tape
player at fault. If this other cassette has no improvement
in sound quality, clean the tape player.
The recommended cleaning method for your cassette
tape player is the use of a scrubbingaction,
non-abrasive cleaning cassette with pads which scrub
the tape head as the hubs of the cleaner cassette turn.
The recommended cleaning cassette is available through
your dealership (GM Part No. 12344789).
When using a scrubbing action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, it is normal for the cassette to ejectbecause
your unit is equipped with a cut tape detection feature
and a cleaning cassettemay appear as a broken tape. If
the cleaning cassette ejects, insert
the cassette at least
three times to ensurethorough cleaning.
You may also choose anon-scrubbing action, wet-type
cleaner which uses a cassettewith a fabric beltto clean
the tape head. This typeof cleaning cassettewill not
eject on its own. A non-scrubbing action cleanermay
not clean as thoroughly as the scrubbing typecleaner.
The use of a non-scrubbing action, dry-type cleaning
cassette is not recommended.
After you clean the player, press and hold EJECT for
five seconds to reset the CLN indicator. The radio will
display --- to show the indicatorwas reset.
Cassettes are subject to wear and the sound quality
may degrade over time.Always make sure the cassette
tape is in good condition beforeyou have your tape
player serviced.
Care ofYour Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store them in their original cases
or otherprotective cases and away from direct sunlight
and dust. If the surfaceof a disc is soiled,dampen a
clean, soft cloth in a mild, neutral detergentsolution and
clean it,wiping from the center tothe edge.
Be surenever to touch the signal surface when handling
discs. Pick up discs by grasping the outer edges orthe
edge of the hole and the outer edge.
Care of Your Compact Disc Player
The use of CD lens cleaner discsis not advised, due to
the risk of contaminating the lens of the CD optics with
lubricants internal to the CD mechanism.
Fixed Mast Antenna
The fixed mast antenna can withstand most car washes
without beingdamaged. If the mast should everbecome
slightly bent, you can straighten it out by hand. If the
mast is badly bent, as it might be by vandals, you should
replace it.
Check every once in a while to be sure the mast is still
tightened to the fender.
3-35
Backglass Antenna(If Equipped)
Your AM-FM antenna is integrated with your rear
window defogger, located in the rear window. Be sure
that the inside surface of the rear window is not
scratched and that the lines onthe glass are not
damaged. If the inside surface is damaged, it could
interfere with radio reception.
NOTICE:
Do not try to clear frost or other material from
the inside of the rear window with a razor blade
or anything else thatis sharp. This may damage
the rear defogger grid and affect your radio’s
ability to pick up stations clearly. The repairs
wouldn’t be covered by your warranty.
3-36
Because this antenna is built into your rear window,
there is a reduced risk of damage caused by car washes
and vandals.
If you choose to add a cellular telephone to your vehicle,
and the antenna needs to be attached to the glass, be sure
that you do not damage the grid lines for the AM-FM
antenna. There is enough space between the lines to
attach a cellular telephone antenna without interfering
with radio reception.
On cars equipped with the rear window defogger and
built-in antenna, the defogger grid serves as a radio
antenna. If you have this feature on your car, do not
apply aftermarket glass tinting to the back glass. The
metallic film in some tinting materials will interfere
with or distort the incoming radio reception. Care must
be taken when cleaning the rear window because breaks
in the resistive material heating element will adversely
affect radio performance and defogger performance. See
your dealer for details.
&
NOTES
3-37
3-38
fi
NOTES
3-39
b
3-40
NOTES
Section 4 Your Driving and the Road
Here you’ll find information about drivingon different kinds of roads and in varying weather conditions. We’ve also
included many other useful tips on driving.
4-2
4-3
4-6
4-6
4-9
4-1 1
4-12
4-13
4- 14
Defensive Driving
Drunken Driving
Control of a Vehicle
Braking
Steering
Off-Road Recovery
Passing
Loss of Control
Driving atNight
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4-19
4-20
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4-22
4-22
4-24
4-28
4-30
Driving in Rain and on Wet Roads
City Driving
Freeway Driving
Before Leaving on a Long Trip
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and Mountain Roads
Winter Driving
Loading Your Vehicle
Towing a Trailer
4-1
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.”
On city streets, ruralroads or freeways, it means
“always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers aregoing to be
careless and make mistakes. Anticipate what they might
do. Be ready for their mistakes.
Rear-end collisions are about the most preventable of
accidents. Yet they are common. Allow enough
following distance. It’s the best defensive driving
maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never
know when the vehicle in front of you is going to brake
or turn suddenly.
Defensive Driving
The best advice anyone can give aboutdriving is:
Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safety device in your
Buick: Buckle up. (See “Safety Belts” in the Index.)
4-2
Defensive driving requires that a driver concentrate on
the driving task. Anything that distracts from the driving
task -- such as concentrating on a cellular telephone call,
reading, or reaching for something on the floor -- makes
proper defensive driving more difficult and can even
cause a collision,with resulting injury. Ask a passenger
to help do things like this, or pull off the road in a safe
place to do them yourself. These simple defensive
driving techniques could save your life.
Death and injury associated with drinking and driving is
a national tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to
the highway death toll, claiming thousandsof victims
every year.
The obvious way to solve this highway safety problem
is for people never to drink alcoholand then drive. But
what if people do?How much is “too much” if the
driver plans to drive? It’slot
a less than many might
think. Although it depends on each person and situation,
here is some generalinformation on the problem.
Alcohol affects fourthings that anyone needs to drive
a vehicle:
The Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of someone
who is drinking depends upon four things:
Drunken Driving
Judgment
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Muscular Coordination
Vision
The drinker’s body weight
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The amount of food that is consumed before and
during drinking
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The length of time it has taken the drinker to
consume the alcohol.
Attentiveness.
Police recordsshow that almost half of all motor
vehicle-related deaths involve alcohol. Inmost cases,
these deaths arethe result of someone who was drinking
and driving. In recent years, over17,000 annual motor
vehicle-related deaths have been associated with the use
of alcohol, with more than 300,000 people injured.
Many adults -- by some estimates,nearly half the
adult population -- choose never to drink alcohol,so
they never drive after drinking.For persons under 21,
it’s against thelaw in every U.S. state to drink alcohol.
There are good medical, psychologicaland
developmental reasons for these laws.
The amount of alcohol consumed
According to the American Medical Association, a
180-lb. (82 kg) person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hour will end up with a
BAC of about 0.06 percent. Theperson would reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses
of wine or three mixed drinks if each had 1- 1/2 ounces
(45 ml) of a liquor likewhiskey, gin or vodka.
4-3
Since alcoholis carried in body water, this means that a
woman generally will reach a higher BAC level than a
man of her same body weight when each has the same
number of drinks.
....
The law in many U.S. states sets thelegal limit at a BAC
of 0.10 percent. In a growing number of U.S. states, and
throughout Canada, the limit is0.08 percent. In some
other countries,it’s even lower. The BAC limit for all
commercial drivers in the United States is 0.04 percent.
The BAC will be over 0.10 percent after three tosix
drinks (in one hour). Of course, as we’ve seen, it
depends on how much alcohol is in the drinks, and how
quickly the person drinks them.
It’s the amount of alcohol that counts. For example, if
the sameperson drank three double martinis (3 ounces
or 90 ml of liquor each) within an hour, the person’s
BAC would be close to 0.12 percent.
A person who
consumes food just before or duringdrinking will have a
somewhat lower BAC level.
There is a gender difference, too. Women generally have
a lower relative percentage of body water than men.
4-4
But the ability to drive is affected well below a BAC of
0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills of
many people are impaired at a BACapproaching
0.05 percent, and that the effects areworse at night. All
drivers areimpaired at BAC levels above 0.05 percent.
Statistics show that the chance of being in a collision
increases sharply for driverswho have a BAC of
0.05 percent or above. A driver with a BAC level of
0.06 percent has doubled his or herchance of having a
collision. At a BAC level of 0.10 percent, the chance of
this driver having a collision is 12 times greater;at a
level of 0.15 percent, the chance is 25 times greater!
The body takes about an hour to rid itself of the alcohol
in one drink.No amount of coffee ornumber of cold
showers will speed that up. “I’ll be careful’’ isn’t the
right answer. What if there’s an emergency, a need to
take sudden action, as when a child darts into the street?
A person with even a moderate BAC might not be able
to react quickly enoughto avoid the collision.
There’s something else aboutdrinking and driving that
many people don’tknow. Medical research shows that
alcohol in a person’s system can make crash injuries
worse, especially injuries to the
brain, spinal cordor
heart. Thismeans that when anyone who has been
drinking -- driver or passenger-- is in a crash, that
person’s chance of being killed or permanently disabled
is higherthan if the person had not been drinking.
Drinking and then dril g is very dangerous.
Your reflexes, perceptions, attentiveness and
judgment can be affected by even
a small amount
of alcohol. You can have a serious or even
fatal collision if you drive after drinking.
Please don’t drink anddrive or ride with a driver
who has been drinking. Ride home in a cab; or if
you’re with a group, designate a driver who will
not drink.
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Control of a Vehicle
Braking
You have three systems that make your vehicle go where
you want it togo. They are thebrakes, the steering and
the accelerator. All three systems have to do their work
at the places where the tires meet the road.
Braking action involves perceptiontime and
reaction time.
First, you have to decide to push on the brake pedal.
That’s perception time. Then you have to bring up your
foot and do it.That’s reaction time.
Average reaction time is about 314 of a second. But
that’s only anaverage. It might be less with one driver
and as long as two or three seconds or more with
another. Age, physical condition, alertness, coordination
and eyesight all play a part. So do alcohol, drugs and
frustration. But even in 3/4 of a second, avehicle
moving at 60 mph (100 km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m).
That could be a lot of distance in an emergency, so
keeping enough space between your vehicle and others
is important.
And, of course, actual stopping distances vary greatly
with the surface of the road (whether it’s pavement or
gravel); the condition of the road (wet, dry, icy); tire
tread; thecondition of your brakes; the weight of the
vehicle and the amount of brake force applied.
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Sometimes, as when you’re driving on snow or ice,it’s
easy to ask more of those control systems than the tires
and road can provide. That means you can lose control
of your vehicle.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drivein
spurts -- heavy acceleration followedby heavy
braking -- rather than keeping pace with traffic. This is a
mistake. Your brakes may not have time to cool between
hard stops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you
do a lot of heavy braking. If you keep pace with the
traffic and allow realistic following distances,you will
eliminate a lotof unnecessary braking. That means
better brakingand longer brake life.
If your engine ever stopswhile you’re driving,brake
normally but don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the
pedal may get harderto push down. If your engine
stops, you will still have some power brake assist. But
you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is
used up, it may take longer to stopand the brake pedal
will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your vehicle has anti-lock brakes(ABS). ABS is an
advanced electronic brakingsystem that will help
prevent a brakingskid.
When you start your engine, or when you begin to drive
away, your anti-lock brake system will check itself. You
may hear amomentary motor or clicking noise while
this test is going on, and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves or pulses a little. This is normal.
ANTI LOCK
If there’s a problem with the
anti-lock brake system, this
warning light will stay on or
flash. See “Anti-Lock
Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
4-7
The anti-lock system can change the brake pressure faster
than any driver could.The computer is programmed to
make the most of available tire and road conditions.
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet.
You’re driving safely. Suddenly an animal jumps out in
front of you.
You slam on the brakes. Here’s what happens with ABS.
You can steer around the obstacle while braking hard.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down. If one
of the wheels is about to stop rolling,the computer will
separately work the brakes at each front wheel and at
both rear wheels.
As you brake, your computer keeps receiving updates on
wheel speed and controls braking pressure accordingly.
4-8
Remember: Anti-lock doesn’t changethe time you need
to getyour foot up to the brakepedal or always decrease
stopping distance.If you get too closeto the vehiclein
front of you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
if that vehicle suddenly slows or stops.Always leave
enough room up ahead to stop,even though you have
anti-lock brakes.
Power Steering
If you lose power steering assist because the engine
stops orthe system is not functioning, you can steer but
it will take much more effort.
Magnetic Variable Effort Steering
(If Equipped)
TM
Using Anti-Lock
Don’t pump the brakes. Justhold the brakepedal down
firmly and let anti-lock work for you.You may feel a
slight brakepedal pulsation or notice some noise,but
this is normal.
LOW TRAC
Steering
When your anti-lock system
is adjusting brake pressure
to help avoid a braking skid,
this light will come on. See
“Anti-Lock Brake System
Active Light” inthe Index.
Braking in Emergencies
With anti-lock, you can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steeringcan help you more
than even the very best braking.
This steeringsystem provides lighter steering effort for
parking and when driving at low speeds. Steeringeffort
will increase at higher speeds forimproved road feel.
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents
mentioned on
the news happen on curves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver orbeginner, each of us is subject to
the samelaws of physics when driving on curves. The
traction of the tires against the road surface makes it
possible for the vehicle to change its path when you turn
the front wheels. If there’s no traction, inertiawill keep
4-9
the vehicle going in the same direction. If you’ve ever
tried to steera vehicle on wet ice, you’ll understand this.
The traction you can getin a curve depends on the
condition of your tires and the road surface, the angle at
which the curveis banked, and your speed. While you’re
in a curve, speed is the
one factor you can control.
curve. Then you
Suppose you’re steering through sharp
a
suddenly accelerate. Both control systems-- steering and
acceleration -- have to do their work where the tires meet
the road. Adding the sudden acceleration can demand too
much of those places. You can lose control.
What should you do if this ever happens? Ease up on the
accelerator pedal, steer thevehicle the way you want it
to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn that you should
adjust your speed. Of course, the posted speeds are
based on good weather and road conditions. Under less
favorable conditions you’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as you approach a
curve, do it before you enter the curve, while your front
wheels are straight ahead.
4-10
Try to adjust your speed so you can “drive” through the
curve. Maintain a reasonable, steady speed. Wait to
accelerate until you are out of the curve, and then
accelerate gently into the straightaway.
Steering in Emergencies
There are times when steering can be more effective
than braking. For example, you come overa hill and
find a truck stopped in your lane, or a car suddenly pulls
out fromnowhere, or a child darts outfrom between
parked cars and stops right in front of you. You can
avoid these problems by braking -- if you can stop in
time. But sometimes you can’t; there isn’t room.
That’s the time for evasiveaction -- steering around
the problem.
Your vehicle can perform very well in emergencies like
these. First apply your brakes. (See “Braking in
Emergencies” earlier in this section.) It isbetter to
remove as much speed as you can from a possible
collision. Then steer around the problem, to the left or
right depending on the spaceavailable.
Off-Road Recovery
You may find that your right wheels have droppedoff the
edge of a road onto the shoulder while you’re driving.
I OFF-ROAD
An emergency like this requires close attention and a
quick decision. If you are holding the steering wheel at
the recommended 9 and 3 o’clock positions,you can
turn it a full 180 degrees very quickly without removing
either hand. But you have to act fast, steerquickly, and
just as quickly straighten the wheel once you have
avoided the object.
The fact that such emergency situations arealways
possible is a good reason to practice defensive drivingat
all times and wear safety belts properly.
RECOVERY
/ A&**%
If the level of the shoulder is only slightly below the
pavement, recovery should be fairly easy. Ease
off the
accelerator and then,if there is nothing in the way, steer so
that your vehicle straddles the edge the
of pavement. You
can turn the steering wheelup to one-quarter turn until the
right front tire contacts the pavement edge. Thenturn your
steering wheelto go straight down the roadway.
4-11
Passing
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Do not get too close tothe vehicle you want to
pass while you’re awaiting an opportunity. For one
thing, following too closely reduces your area of
vision, especially if you’re followinga larger
vehicle. Also, you won’t have adequate space if the
vehicle ahead suddenly slows orstops. Keep back a
reasonable distance.
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When it looks likea chance to passis coming up,
start to accelerate but stay in the right lane and don’t
get tooclose. Time your move so you will be
increasing speed as the time comes to move into the
other lane. If the way is clear topass, you will have a
“running start” that more than makes up for the
distance you would lose by dropping back. And if
something happens to cause you to cancel your pass,
you need only slow down and drop back again and
wait for anotheropportunity.
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If other cars are lined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait
your turn. But take care that someone isn’t trying to
pass you as you pull out to pass the slow vehicle.
Remember to glance over your shoulder and check
the blind spot.
The driverof a vehicle about to pass another on a
two-lane highway waits for just the right moment,
accelerates, moves around the vehicle ahead, then goes
back into the right lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane
highway is a potentially dangerous move, since the
passing vehicle occupies the same lane asoncoming
traffic for several seconds. A miscalculation, an error in
judgment, or a brief surrender tofrustration or angercan
suddenly put the passing driver face to face
with the
worst of all traffic accidents -- the head-on collision.
So here are some tips for passing:
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0
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to the sides and to
crossroads for situations that might affect your passing
patterns. If you have any doubt whatsoever about
making a successful pass, waitfor a better time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings and lines.
If you can see a sign up ahead that might indicatea
turn or an intersection, delay your pass.A broken
center line usually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road ahead is clear). Never cross
a solid
line on your side of the lane
or a double solid line,
even if the road seems empty of approaching traffic.
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Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and
start your left lanechange signal beforemoving out
of the right lane to pass. When
you are farenough
ahead of the passed vehicle to see its front your
in
inside mirror, activate your right lanechange signal
and move back into the right lane. (Remember that
you
your right outside mirror is convex. The vehicle
just passed may seem to be farther away from you
than it really is.)
Try not to pass more than one vehicle at a time
on two-lane roads. Reconsider before passingthe
next vehicle.
Don’t overtake a slowly moving vehicle too rapidly.
Even though the brake lamps are not flashing, itmay
be slowing down or starting toturn.
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If you’re being passed,make it easy for the
following driver to getahead of you. Perhaps you
can ease a little to the right.
Loss of Control
Let’s review what driving experts say about what
happens when the three controlsystems (brakes, steering
and acceleration) don’t have enough friction where the
tires meet the road to do what the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’t give up. Keep trying to steer and
constantly seek an escape routeor area of less danger.
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose controlof the vehicle.
Defensive drivers avoid most skidsby taking reasoname
care suited to existing conditions, andby not “overdriving”
those conditions. But skidsare always possible.
The three typesof skids correspond to your vehicle’s
three control systems. In the braking skid, your wheels
aren’t rolling.In the steering orcornering skid, too
much speed or steering in a curve causestires to slip and
lose cornering force.And in the acceleration skid, too
much throttle causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an acceleration skid are best
handled by easing your foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle starts to slide, ease
your foot off the
accelerator pedal and quickly steer the way you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steering quickly enough, your
vehicle may straighten out. Always be ready for a
second skid if it occurs.
4-13
Of course, traction is reduced when water, snow, ice,
gravel or othermaterial is on the road. For safety, you’ll
want to slow down and adjust your driving tothese
conditions. It is important to slow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance will be longer and
vehicle control more limited.
Driving at Night
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While driving on a surface with reduced traction, try
your best to avoid sudden steering, acceleration or
braking (including engine braking by shifting to a lower
gear). Any sudden changes could causethe tires to
slide. You may not realize the surface is slippery until
your vehicle is skidding. Learn to recognize warning
clues -- such as enough water, ice or packed snow on
the road to make a “mirrored surface” -- and slow
down when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brake system (ABS) helps
avoid only the braking skid.
Night driving is more dangerous than day driving. One
reason is that some driversare likely to be impaired-- by
alcohol or drugs, with night vision problems, or by fatigue.
4-14
Here are some tips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively.
0
Don’t drink and drive.
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce the
glare fromheadlamps behind you.
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Since you can’t see aswell, you may need to
slow down and keep more space between you and
other vehicles.
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Slow down, especially on higher speed roads. Your
headlamps can light up only so much road ahead.
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In remote areas, watch for animals.
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If you’re tired, pull off the road in a safe place
and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see as well at night as in the daytime. But as
we get older these differences increase. A 50-year-old
driver may require at least twice as much light to see the
same thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect your night
vision. For example, if you spend the day in bright
sunshine you are wise to wear sunglasses. Your eyes will
have less trouble adjusting to night. But if you’re
driving, don’twear sunglasses at night. They may cut
down on glare from headlamps, but they also make a lot
of things invisible.
You can be temporarily blinded by approaching
headlamps. It can take a second or two, oreven several
seconds, foryour eyes toreadjust to the dark.When you
are faced with severe glare (asfrom a driver who
doesn’t lower the high beams, or a vehicle with
misaimed headlamps), slow down a little.Avoid staring
directly into the approaching headlamps.
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle
clean -- inside and out. Glare at night is made much
worse by dirt on the glass. Even the inside of the glass
can build up a filmcaused by dust. Dirty glass makes
lights dazzleand flash more than clean glass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contractrepeatedly.
Remember that your headlamps light up far less of a
roadway when you are in a turn or curve. Keep your
eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly
lighted objects. Justas your headlamps should be
checked regularly for proper aim, so should your eyes
be examined regularly. Some driverssuffer from night
blindness -- the inability to see in dim light -- and
aren’t even aware of it.
4-15
Driving in Rain andon Wet Roads
.
...
,
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet
turn as well because
road, you can’t stop, accelerate or
your tire-to-road traction isn’t as good as on dry roads.
And, if your tires don’t havemuch tread left, you’ll get
even less traction. It’s always wise to go slower and be
cautious if rain starts to fallwhile you are driving. The
surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your
windshield wiper blades are in good shape, a heavy rain
can make itharder to seeroad signs and traffic signals,
pavement markings, the edge of the road and even
people walking.
It’s wise to keep your windshield wiping equipment in
good shape and keep your windshield washer tank filled
with washer fluid. Replace your windshield wiper
inserts when they show signs of streaking or missing
areas on the windshield, or when strips of rubber start to
separate from the inserts.
4-16
Wet brakes can cause accidents. They won’t work
as well in a quick stop and may cause pulling to
one side.You could lose controlof the vehicle.
of water or
After driving through a large puddle
a car wash, apply your brake pedal lightly until
your brakes work normally.
Driving too fast through large water puddles or even
going through some car washes can cause problems, too.
The water may affect your brakes. Try to avoid puddles.
But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit them.
4-17
Hydroplaning
Driving Through Deep Standing Water
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up
under your tires that they can actually ride on the water.
This can happen if the road is wet enough and you’re
going fast enough. When your vehicle is hydroplaning,
it has little or no contact with the road.
1 NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles
or
standing water, water can come in through your
engine’s air intake and badly damage your
engine. Never drive through water that is slightly
lower than the underbody
of your vehicle.If you
can’t avoid deep puddles or standing water, drive
through them very slowly.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. But it can if your
tires do not have much tread or if the pressure in one or
more is low. It can happen if a lot of water is standing on
the road. If you can see reflections from trees, telephone
poles or other vehicles, and raindrops “dimple” the
water’s surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens at higher speeds. There
just isn’t a hard and fast ruleabout hydroplaning. The
best advice is to slow down when it is raining.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following
distance. And be especially careful when you pass
another vehicle. Allow yourself more clear room
ahead, and be prepared to have your view restricted
by road spray.
Have good tires with proper tread depth. (See
“Tires” in the Index.)
4-18
City Driving
Here are ways to increase your safety in city driving:
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Know the best way to get to where you are
going. Get a city map and plan your trip into an
unknown part of the city just as you would for a
cross-country trip.
Try to use the freeways that rim and crisscross most
large cities. You’ll save time and energy. (See the
next part, “Freeway Driving.”)
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One of the biggestproblems with city streets is the
amount of traffic on them. You’ll want to watch out for
what the other drivers aredoing and pay attention to
traffic signals.
Treat a green light asa warning signal. A traffic
light isthere because the corner is busy enough to
need it. When a lightturns green, and just before you
start to move, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared the intersection or may be running the
red light.
Freeway Driving
At the entrance, there is usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you have a clear view of the freeway as you
drive along the entrance ramp, you should begin to
check traffic. Try to determine where you expect to
blend with the flow. Try to merge into the gap at close to
the prevailing speed. Switch on your turn signal, check
your mirrors and glance overyour shoulder asoften as
necessary. Try to blend smoothly with the traffic flow.
Once you are on the freeway, adjust your speed to the
posted limit orto the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay
in the right lane unless you want to pass.
Before changing lanes, check your mirrors. Then use
your turn signal.
Just before you leave the lane, glance quickly over your
shoulder to make sure there isn’t another vehicle in your
“blind” spot.
Mile for mile, freeways (also calledthruways, parkways,
expressways, turnpikes or superhighways) are the safest
of all roads. But they have their own special rules.
The most important advice on freeway driving is:Keep
up with traffic and keep to the right, Drive at the same
speed most of the other drivers are driving.Too-fast or
too-slow driving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat the
left lane on a freeway as a passing lane.
Once you are moving on the freeway, make certain you
allow a reasonable following distance. Expect to move
slightly slower at night.
When you want to leave thefreeway, move to the proper
lane well in advance. If you miss your exit, do not,
under any circumstances, stopand back up. Drive on to
the next exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quite sharply.
The exit speed is usually posted.
Here are some things you can check before a trip:
Reduce your speed according toyour speedometer, not
to your sense of motion. After driving forany distance
at higher speeds,you may tend to think you are going
slower than you actually are.
0
Windshield Washer Flzrid: Is the reservoir full? Are
all windows clean inside and outside?
0
Wiper Bludes: Are they in good shape?
0
Fuel, Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked
all levels?
0
Lamps: Are they all working? Are the lenses clean?
0
Tires: They are vitally important to a safe,
trouble-free trip. Is the tread good enough for
long-distance driving?Are the tires all inflated to the
recommended pressure?
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlook
along your route? Should you delay your trip a short
time to avoid a major storm system?
0
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
Before Leaving on a Long
Trip
Make sure you’reready. Try to be wellrested. If you
must start when you’re not fresh -- such as after a day’s
work -- don’t plan to make too many miles that first part
of the journey. Wear comfortable clothingand shoes you
can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip?If you keep it
serviced and maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs
service, have it done before starting out.
Of course,
you’ll find experiencedand able service experts in
Buick dealerships all across North America. They’ll be
ready and willing to helpif you need it.
4-21
Highway Hypnosis
Hill and MountainRoads
Is there actually sucha condition as “highway hypnosis”?
Or is it just plain falling asleep at the wheel? Call
it
highway hypnosis, lackof awareness, or whatever.
There is something about an easy stretch of road with
the same scenery, along with the hum of the tires on the
road, the drone of the engine, and the rush of the wind
against the vehicle that can make you sleepy. Don’t let it
happen to you! If it does,your vehicle can leave the
road in less than a second, and you could crashand
be injured.
What can you do about highway hypnosis? First, be
aware that it canhappen.
Then here aresome tips:
Make sureyour vehicle is well ventilated, with a
comfortably cool interior.
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to
the sides. Check your rearview mirrors and your
instruments frequently.
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service
or parking area and take a nap, get some exercise, or
both. For safety, treat drowsiness on the highway as
an emergency.
4-22
Driving on steep hills or mountains is different from
driving in flat orrolling terrain.
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re
planning to visit there, here are some tips that can make
your trips safer and more enjoyable.
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid
levels and also the brakes, tires, coolingsystem
and transaxle. These partscan work hard on
mountain roads.
0
Know how to go down hills. The most important
thing toknow is this: let your engine do some of the
slowing down. Shift toa lower gear when you go
down a steep or longhill.
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could
well. You
get so hot that they wouldn’t work
would then have poor braking or
even none going
down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let
your engine assist your brakes on
a steep
downhill slope.
Coasting downhill inNEUTRAL (N) or with the
ignition off is dangerous. Your brakes will have to
do all the work of slowing down. They could get so
hot thatthey wouldn’t work well. You would then
have poor brakingor even none going down a hill.
You could crash. Always have your engine running
and yourvehicle in gear when you go downhill.
0
Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down
to a lower gear. The lower gears help cool your engine
and transaxle, and you can climb the hill better.
0
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane
roads in hills or mountains. Don’t swing wide or cut
across the center of the road. Drive at speeds that let
you stay in your own lane.
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. There could be
something in your lane,like a stalled caror an accident.
0
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of
special problems. Examples are long grades, passing
or
no-passing zones, a falling rocks areaor winding
roads. Be alert to these and take appropriate action.
Winter Driving
Here are some tips for winter driving:
Have your vehicle in good shape for winter.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in
your trunk.
4-24
Include an ice scraper, a small brush or broom, a supply
of windshield washer fluid, a rag, some winter outer
clothing, a small shovel, a flashlight, a red cloth and a
couple of reflective warning triangles. And, if you will
be driving under severe conditions, include a small bag
of sand, a piece of old carpet or a couple of burlap bags
to help provide traction. Be sure you properly secure
these items in your vehicle.
Driving onSnow or Ice
Most of the time,those places where your tires meet the
road probably have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires and
the road, you can have a very slippery situation. You’ll
have a lot less traction or “grip” and will need to be
very careful.
What’s the worst time for this? “Wet ice.” Very cold
snow or ice can beslick and hard to drive on.But wet
ice can be even more trouble because it may offer the
least traction of all. You can get wet ice when it’s about
freezing (32°F; OOC) and freezing rain begins to fall.
Try to avoid drivingon wet ice until salt and sand crews
can get there.
Whatever the condition-- smooth ice, packed, blowing
or loose snow -- drive with caution. Accelerate gently.
Try not to break the fragiletraction. If you accelerate
too fast, the drivewheels will spin and polish the surface
under the tires evenmore.
4-25
Your anti-lock brakes improve your vehicle’s stability
when you make a hard stop on a slippery road. Even
though you have the anti-lock braking system,you’ll
want to begin stopping sooner than you would on dry
pavement. See “Anti-Lock‘’ in the Index.
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
Allow greater following distance on any
slippery road.
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine
until you hit a spot that’s covered with ice. On an
otherwise clear road, ice
patches may appear in
shaded areas where the sun can’t reach: around
clumps of trees, behind buildings or under bridges.
Sometimes the surfaceof a curve or an overpass may
remain icy when the surrounding roads are clear. If
you see apatch of ice ahead of you, brake before you
are on it. Try not to brake while you’re actually on
the ice, and avoid sudden steering maneuvers.
If you are stopped by heavy snow, you could be in a
serious situation. You should probably stay with your
vehicle unless you know for surethat you are near help
and you can hike through the snow. Here are some
things to do to summon help and keep yourself and your
passengers safe:
e Turn on your hazard flashers.
4-26
0
Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alert police that
you’ve been stopped by the snow.
0
Put on extra clothing orwrap a blanket around you.
If you have no blankets or extra clothing, make
body
insulators fromnewspapers, burlap bags, rags,floor
mats -- anything you can wrap around yourself or
tuck under your clothing tokeep warm.
Snow can trap exhaust gases under your vehicle.
This can cause deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas
to get inside.CO could overcomeyou and kill
you. You can’t seeit or smell it, so you might not
know it is in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around the base of your vehicle, especiallyany
that is blocking your exhaust pipe. And check
around again from time to time to be sure snow
doesn’t collect there.
Open a window just a little on the side of the
vehicle that’s awayfrom the wind. This will help
keep CO out.
You can run the engineto keep warm, but be careful.
4-27
Run your engine only as long as you must. This saves
fuel. When you run the engine, make it go a little faster
than just idle. That is, push the accelerator slightly. This
uses less fuel for the heat that you get and it keeps the
battery charged. You will need a well-charged battery to
restart the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on
with your headlamps. Let the heater run for awhile.
Then, shut the engine off and close the window almost
all the way to preserve the heat. Start the engine again
and repeat this only when you feel really uncomfortable
from the cold. But do it aslittle as possible. Preserve the
fuel as long as you can. To help keep warm, you can get
out of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises
every half hour or so until help comes.
Loading Your Vehicle
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
MANUAL FOR MORE INFORMATION
Two labels on your vehicle show how much weight it
may properly carry. The Tire-Loading Information label
is inside the trunk lid. The label tells you the proper size,
speed rating and recommended inflation pressures for
the tires on your vehicle. It also gives you important
information about the number of people that can be in
your vehicle and the total weight you can carry. This
weight is called the vehicle capacity weight and includes
the weight of all occupants, cargoand all
nonfactory-installed options.
4-28
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
GVWR
GAWR FRT
-
&
,‘
L
a
p
I
Do not load yourvehicle any heavier than the
GVWR, or either the maximum front or rear
GAWR. If you do, parts on yourvehicle can
break, or it can change the
way your vehicle
handles. These could causeyou to lose control.
Also, overloading can shorten the
life of
your vehicle.
The other label isthe Certification label,found on the
rear edgeof the driver’s door. It tells you the gross
weight capacity of your vehicle, called theGross
Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). The GVWR includes
the weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fueland cargo.
Never exceed the GVWR foryour vehicle or theGross
Axle Weight Rating (GAWR) for eitherthe front or
rear axle.
If you do have a heavy load, spread itout. Don’t carry
more than 167 pounds (75 kg) in your trunk.
NOTICE:
Your warranty does not cover parts or
components that fail because
of overloading.
If you put things insideyour vehicle -- like suitcases,
tools, packages or anything else-- they will go as fast as
the vehicle goes. If you have to stop orturn quickly, or
if there is a crash, they’llkeep going.
4-29
'
-
A CAUTION:
'
I
ings you put inside yourvehicle can strike
and injurepeople ina sudden stop or turn, or in
a crash.
Put things in the trunk
of your vehicle. In a
trunk, put themas far forward as you can.
Try to spread the weightevenly.
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases,
inside thevehicle so that some of them are
above the topsof the seats.
Don't leave an unsecured child restraint
in
your vehicle.
When you carry something inside the
vehicle, secure it whenever
you can.
4-30
Towing a Trailer
A CAUTION:
If you don't use the correct equipment and dr,
.;
properly, you can lose control whenyou pull a
trailer. For example,if the trailer is too heavy, the
brakes may not workwell or even at all. You
and your passengers could be seriously injured.
You may also damage yourvehicle; the resulting
repairs would not be coveredby your warranty.
Pull a traileronly if you have followed all the
steps in thissection. Ask your dealer for advice
a trailer with
and information about towing
your vehicle.
--
Your vehicle can tow a trailerif it is equipped with the
proper trailertowing equipment. To identify what the
vehicle trailering capacityis for your vehicle, you
should read the information in “Weight of the Trailer”
that appears laterin this section. But trailering is
different than just driving your vehicle by itself.
Trailering means changes in handling, durability and
fuel economy. Successful, safetrailering takes correct
equipment, and it has to be used properly.
That’s the reason for thispart. In it aremany
time-tested, important trailering tips and safety rules.
Many of these are important foryour safety and that of
your passengers. So please read this sectioncarefully
before you pull a trailer.
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies and tires are forced towork harder
against the drag of the added weight. The engineis
required to operate at relatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extraheat. What’s more, the
trailer adds considerably to wind resistance, increasing
the pulling requirements.
If You Do DecideTo Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important points:
There are many different laws, including speed limit
restrictions, having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, notonly where you live but
also where you’ll be driving. A good source for this
information can be state orprovincial police.
Consider using a sway control. You can ask a hitch
dealer about sway controls.
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 1,000 miles
(1 600 km) your new vehicle is driven. Your engine,
axle or other parts could
be damaged.
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you
tow a trailer, don’t drive over 50 mph (80 k d h ) and
don’t make starts at full throttle. This helps your
engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
Obey speed limit restrictions when towing a trailer.
Don’t drive fasterthan the maximum posted speed
for trailers (or no more than 55 mph (90 kmh)) to
save wear on your vehicle’s parts.
4-31
Three important considerations have to do with weight:
the weight of the trailer,
0
the weight of the trailer tongue
and the total weight on your vehicle’s tires.
Weight of the Trailer
How heavy can a trailer safely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg). But
even that can be tooheavy.
It depends on how you plan to use your rig. For
example, speed, altitude, road grades, outside
temperature and how much your vehicle is used to pull a
trailer are all important. And, it can also depend on any
special equipment that you have on your vehicle.
4-32
You can ask your dealer for our trailering information or
advice, or you can write us at:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L l H 8P7
Weight of the Trailer Tongue
The tongue load (A) of any trailer is an important
weight to measure because it affects thetotal or gross
weight of your vehicle. The Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW) includesthe curb weight of the vehicle, any
cargo you may carry in it, and the people who will be
riding in the vehicle. And if you tow a trailer, you must
add the tongue load tothe GVW because your vehicle
will be carryingthat weight, too.See “Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index for more information about your
vehicle’s maximum load capacity.
If’ you’re using a weight-carrying hitch, the trailer
tongue (A) should weigh 10 percent of the total loaded
trailer weight (B). If you have a weight-distributing
hitch, the trailer tongue (A) should weigh 12 percent of
the total loaded trailer weight (B).
After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue, separately, to see if the weights are
proper. If they aren’t, you may be able to get them right
simply by moving some itemsaround in the trailer.
Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the upper
limit for cold tires. You’ll find these numbers on the
Tire-Loading Information label (found inside the trunk
lid) or see “Loading Your Vehicle’’in the Index. Then be
sure you don’t go over the GVW limit foryour vehicle,
including the weight of the trailer tongue.
A
B
4-33
Hitches
Safety Chains
It’s important to have the correct hitch equipment,
Crosswinds, large trucks going by and rough roads are a
few reasons why you’ll need the right hitch. Here are
some rules to follow:
You should always attach chains between your vehicle
and your trailer. Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road
if it becomes separated from the hitch. Instructions
about safety chains may be provided by the hitch
manufacturer or by the trailer manufacturer. Follow the
manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety
chains and do not attach them to the bumper. Always
leave justenough slack so you can turn with your rig.
And, never allow safety chains to drag on the ground.
The rear bumper on your vehicle is not intended for
hitches. Do not attach rental hitches or other
bumper-type hitches to it. Use only a frame-mounted
hitch that does not attach to the bumper.
Will you have to make any holes in the body of your
vehicle when you install a trailer hitch? If you do,
then be sure to sealthe holes later when you remove
the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into your
vehicle (see “Carbon Monoxide” in the Index). Dirt
and water can, too.
4-34
Trailer Brakes
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap into
your vehicle‘s brake system. If you do, both brake
systems won’t work well, or at all.
Driving with a Trailer
Following Distance
Towing a trailer requires a certain amount of experience.
Before setting out forthe open road, you’ll want to get
to know your rig. Acquaint yourself with the feel of
handling and braking with the added weight of the
trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are
driving is now a good deal longer and not nearly as
responsive as your vehicle isby itself.
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead as you
would when driving your vehicle without a trailer. This
can help you avoid situations that require heavy braking
and sudden turns.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform
(and attachments),safety chains, electricalconnector,
lamps, tires and mirror adjustment. If the trailer has
electric brakes,start your vehicle and trailer moving and
then apply the trailer brake controllerby hand to be sure
the brakes are working. Thislets you check your
electrical connection at the same
time.
During your trip, check occasionally tobe sure that the
load is secure, and that the lamps and any trailer brakes
are still working.
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when
you’re towing a trailer. And, because you’re a good deal
longer, you’ll need to go much farther beyond the
passed vehicle before you can return to your lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottom of the steering wheel with one hand.
Then, to move the trailer to the left, justmove that hand
to the left. To move the trailer to the right, move your
hand to the right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
4-35
Making Turns
Turn Signals WhenTowing a Trailer
I NOTICE:
When you tow a trailer, your vehicle may need a
different turn signal flasher and/or extra wiring. Check
with your Buick dealer. The greenarrows on your
instrument panel will flash whenever you signal a turn
or lane change.Properly hooked up, the trailer lamps
will also flash,telling other driversyou’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
Making very sharp turns while trailering could
cause the trailer to come
in contact with the
vehicle. Your vehicle could be damaged. Avoid
making very sharp turns while trailering.
When you’re turning with a trailer, make wider turns
than normal. Do this so your trailer won’t strike soft
shoulders, curbs, road signs, trees or otherobjects.
Avoid jerky or sudden W e u v e r s . Signal well
in advance.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your
instrument panelwill flash for turns even if the bulbs on
the trailer are burned out. Thus, you may think drivers
behind you are seeing your signal when they are not. It’s
important to check occasionally to be surethe trailer
bulbs are still working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to a lower gear before you start
down a long or steepdowngrade. If you don’t shift
down, you might have to use your brakes so much that
they would get hot and no longer work well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduce your
speed to around 45 mph (70 km/h) to reduce the
possibility of engine and transaxle overheating.
4-36
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer
attached, ona hill. If something goes wrong, your rig
could start tomove. People can be injured, and both
your vehicle and the trailer canbe damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s
how to do it:
When You Are Ready to Leave After
Parking ona Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes and hold the pedal down
while you:
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Release the parking brake.
1. Apply your regular brakes,but don’t shift into
PARK (P) yet.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
2. Have someone place chocks under the
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
trailer’s wheels.
3. When the wheel chocKs are in place, releasethe
regular brakes until the chocks absorb theload.
4. Reapply the regularbrakes. Then apply your parking
brake, and shift to PARK (P).
5. Release the regular brakes.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store the chocks.
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Engine Cooling When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need service more often when you’re
pulling a trailer. See the Maintenance Schedule for more
on this. Things that are especiallyimportant in trailer
operation are automatic transaxle fluid (don’t overfill),
engine oil, drivebelt, cooling system and brake
adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and
the Index will help you find them quickly. If you’re
trailering, it’s a good idea to review this information
before you start your trip.
Your cooling system may temporarily overheat during
severe operating conditions. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
Check periodically to see that allhitch nuts and bolts
are tight.
4-38
Section 5 Problems on the Road
Here you’ll find what to do about some problems that can occur on the road.
5-2
5 -3
5-8
5-15
5-18
Hazard Warning Flashers
Jump Starting
Towing Your Vehicle
Engine Overheating
Cooling System
5-25
5-26
5-37
5-3 8
If a Tire Goes Flat
Changing Flat
a
Tire
Compact Spare Tire
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
Hazard Warning Flashers
Press the switch on top of
the steering column to make
your front and rear turn
signal lamps flash on and
off. Your hazard warning
flashers work no matter
what position your key is in;
they even work if the key
isn’t in the ignition.
To turn off the flashers, press the switch again. When
the hazard warning flashers are on, your turn signals
won’t work.
Other Warning Devices
I
Your hazard warning flashers letyou warn others. They
also let police know you have a problem. Your front and
rear turn signal lamps will flash on and off.
5-2
If you carry reflective triangles, you can set one up at
the side of the road about 300 feet (100 m>behind
your vehicle.
Jump Starting
NOTICE:
If your battery has run down, you may want to use
another vehicle and some jumper cables to startyour
vehicle. But please follow the stepsbelow to do it safely.
Batteries can hurt you. They can be dangerous
because:
They contain acid that can burnyou.
They contain gas that can explode or ignite.
They contain enough electricity to
burn you.
If you don’t follow these stepsexactly, some or all
of these things canhurt you.
Ignoring these steps could result costly
in damage
to yourvehicle that wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
Trying to start your
vehicle by pushing or pulling
it won’t work, and it could damage your
vehicle.
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt
battery with a negative ground system.
I
NOTICE:
If the other system isn’t
a 12-volt system witha
negative ground, bothvehicles can be damaged.
I
5-3
2. Get the vehicles close enough so the jumper cables
can reach, but be sure thevehicles aren’t touching
each other. If they are, it could causea ground
connection you don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to
start your vehicle, and the bad grounding could
damage the electrical systems.
To avoid the possibility of the vehicles rolling, set
the parking brake firmly on both vehicles involved in
the jump start procedure. Put your automatic
transaxle in PARK (P) before setting the
parking brake.
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Unplug
unnecessary accessories plugged into the cigarette
lighter oraccessory power outlet. Turn off all lamps
that aren’t needed as well as radios. This will avoid
sparks and help save both batteries. In addition, it
could save your radio!
I NOTICE:
If you leave your radio on, it could be badly
damaged. The repairs wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
5-4
4. Open the hoods and locate the batteries. (Your
vehicle’s battery is located toward the frontof the
passenger’s side of the vehicle’s engine, underneath
a diagonal brace.)
I
An electric fan can start up even when the engine
is not running and can injure you. Keep hands,
clothing and tools away from any underhood
electric fan.
5. Find the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals on
each battery. Your vehicle has a remote positive (+)
jump starting terminal.The terminal is on the same
side of the engine compartment as your battery. To
uncover the remote positive (+) terminal, squeeze the
sides of the red plastic cap and pull the cap upward.
You should always use the remote positive (+)
terminal instead of the positive (+) terminal on
your battery.
Using a match near a battery can cause battery
gas to explode. People have been
hurt doing this,
and some have been blinded.
Use a flashlight if
you need morelight.
Be sure the battery has enough water.
You don’t
need to add water to the ACDelco Freedom@
battery installed in everynew GM vehicle. But if
a battery has filler caps, be sure the right amount
of fluid is there.If it is low, add water to take care
of that first. If you don’t, explosive gas could
be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you.
Don’t get it onyou. If you accidentally get it in
your eyes or on your skin, flush
the place with
water and get medical help immediately.
6 . Check that the jumper cables don’t have loose or
missing insulation. If they do, you could get a shock.
The vehicles could be damaged too.
Before you connect the cables, here aresome basic
things you should know. Positive (+) will go to
positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative (-)
or a metal engine part. Don’t connect positive (+) to
negative (-) or you’ll get a short that would damage
the battery and maybe other parts too.
-
A CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injure you
badly. Keep your hands away from moving
parts
once the engine is running.
5-6
7. Connect the red positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the vehicle with the dead battery. Use a
remote positive (+) terminal if the vehicle has one.
8. Don’t let the other end
touch metal.Connect it
to the positive (+)
terminal of the good
battery. Use a remote
positive (+) terminal if
the vehicle has one.
10. Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away
from the dead battery, but not near engine parts that
move. The electrical connectionis just as good
there, but thechance of sparks gettingback to the
battery is much less.
11. Now start the vehicle with the good battery and run
the engine for awhile.
12. Try to start the vehicle with the dead battery.
If it won’t start aftera few tries, it probably
needs service.
9. Now connect the black
negative (-) cable to
the good battery’s
negative (-) terminal.
Don’t let the other end
touch anything until the
next step. The otherend
of the negative (-) cable
doesn’t go to the
dead battery.
13. Remove the cables in reverse order toprevent
electrical shorting.Take care that they don’t touch
each other orany other metal.
It goes to a heavy, unpainted, metal part on the engine of
the vehicle with the dead battery.
5-7
14. Reinstall the red protective remote jump start cover
on the vehicle that was jump started.
Towing Your Vehicle
Try to have a dealer ora professional towing service tow
your vehicle.
If your vehicle has been changed or modified since it
was factory-new by adding aftermarket items like fog
lamps, aeroskirting, or special tires and wheels, these
instructions and illustrations may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turn on the hazard
warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
That your vehicle cannot be towed from the front or
rear with sling-type equipment.
0
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
0
The make, model and year of your vehicle.
Whether you can still move the shift lever.
A. Heavy Metal Engine Part
B. Good Battery
C. Dead Battery
5-8
0
If there was an accident, what was damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let the tow operator
know that this manual contains detailedtowing
instructions and illustrations. The operatormay want
to see them.
/t\
CAUL3N:
To help avoid injury toyou or others:
Never let passengers ride in a vehiclethat is
being towed.
Never tow faster than safe or posted speeds.
Never tow with damaged parts not
fully secured.
0 Never get under your vehicle after it has
been lifted by the tow truck.
0 Always secure the vehicle on each side with
separate safety chains when towing
it.
Never use J-hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
5-9
NOTICE:
A vehicle can fa rom a car carrierif it isn’t
adequately secured. This can causecollision,
a
serious personal injury and
vehicle damage. The
vehicle should be tightly secured with chains
or
steel cables before is
it transported.
Don’t use substitutes (ropes, leather straps,
canvas webbing,etc.) that can be cutby sharp
edges underneath the towed
vehicle. Always use
T-hooks inserted in theT-hook slots. Never use
J-hooks. They will damage drivetrain and
suspension components.
When your vehicle is being towed, have the ignition key
in OFF. The steering wheel should be clamped in a
straight-ahead position, with a clamping device
designed for towing service. Do not use the vehicle’s
steering column lock for this. The transaxle should be in
NEUTRAL (N) and the parking
brake released.
5-10
Don’t have yourvehicle towed on the drive
wheels, unless you must. If thevehicle must be
towed on the drivewheels, do nottow the vehicle
more than 500 cumulative miles(800 km) or
exceed 50 mph (80 km/h). Cumulative miles are
defined as totalmiles over thelife of the vehicle.
For example, yourvehicle cannot betowed
500 miles (800 km) each dayof a trip totaling
3,000 miles (4800 km). If these limitations must
be exceeded, then the drive
wheels have to be
supported on a dolly.
Front Towing
r
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling type equipment or
fascia/fog lamp damagewill occur. Use wheel-lift
or car-carrier equipment. Additional ramping
may be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use
safety chains and wheel straps. Use the T-slots for
car-carrier securing.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle to ground or vehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage, installa
towing dolly and raise the
vehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attach winch cables or J-hooks to
suspension components when using car-carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooksinserted in
the T-hook slots.
5-11
Attach T-hook chains in
front of the wheels, into the
slots of the front shipping
brackets on the cradle (both
sides). Insert the hook from
the inward side of the slot
and not the outward side.
I
I
,#
gA<'
I
I
These slots are tobe used when securing to
car-carrier equipment.
I NOTICE:
When attaching T-hooks to the shipping slots in
the frame rail, attach them inside of the frame to
avoid damage to the frame or front fascia.
5-12
Attach a separate safety
chain around the outboard
end of each lower
control arm.
I NOTICE:
Take care notto damage the brake pipes and
hoses or theABS sensor and wiring.
Rear Towing
NOTICE:
Do not tow with sling-type equipmentor the rear
bumper valance will be damaged. Use wheel-lift
or car-carrier equipment. Additional ramping
may be required for car-carrier equipment.
Use
safety chains and wheel straps. Use the T-slots for
car-carrier securing.
Towing a vehicle over rough surfaces could
damage a vehicle. Damage can occur from
vehicle to ground or vehicle to wheel-lift
equipment. To help avoid damage, installa
towing dolly and raise the
vehicle until adequate
clearance is obtained between the ground and/or
wheel-lift equipment.
Do not attach winch cables or J-hooks to
suspension components when using car-carrier
equipment. Always use T-hooks inserted
in T-hooks slots.
Using a towing dolly for your drive
wheels is
recommended if your vehicleis towed more
than 500 cumulative miles (800 km) orexceeds
50 mph (80 km/h).
5-13
Attach T-hook chains into
slots in the bottom of the
floor pan, just ahead of the
rear wheels, on both sides.
Attach a separate safety
chain around the outboard
end of both lateral arms.
"
These slots are to be used when securing to
car-carrier equipment.
II NOTICE:
I
Take care not to damage the brake pipes
and cables.
5-14
1
Engine Overheating
You will find a coolant temperaturegage and a hot
engine warning light on your instrument panel. See
“Engine Coolant Temperature Gage” and “Engine
Coolant Temperature Warning Light” in the Index.
You also have a low coolant warning light on your
instrument panel. See “Low Coolant Light” in the Index.
Overheated Engine Protection
Operating Mode
NOTICE:
After driving in the overheated engine protection
operating mode, to avoid engine damage, allow
the engine to cool before attempting any repair.
The engine oil will be severely degraded. Repair
the causeof coolant loss and change the oil. See
“Engine Oil, When to Change” in the Index.
Should an overheated engine condition exist,an
overheat protection mode which alternates firinggroups
of three cylinders helps prevent engine
damage. In this
mode, you will notice a significantloss in power and
engine performance. Thelow coolant lightmay come on
and the temperature gage will indicate an overheat
condition exists. Thisemergency operating mode allows
your vehicle tobe driven to a safe placein an
emergency. Towing a trailerin the overheat protection
mode should be avoided.
5-15
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine
Steam from an overheated engine can burn
you
badly, evenif you just open thehood. Stay away
from the engineif you see or hear steam coming
from it. Just turn off
it and get everyoneaway
from thevehicle until itcools down. Wait until
there is no signof steam or coolant before
you
open thehood.
If you keep driving when your engine
is
fire. You or
overheated, the liquids in it can catch
others could be badly burned. Stop your engine
if
it overheats, and get out
of the vehicle until the
engine is cool.
NOTICE:
If your engine catches fire because
you keep
driving with no coolant, your
vehicle can be
badly damaged. Thecostly repairs would not be
covered by your warranty. See “Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode” in the Index.
5-16
If No SteamIs Coming From Your Engine
If you get the overheatwarning but see or hearno
steam, theproblem may not be too serious. Sometimes
the enginecan get a little too hotwhen you:
0
Climb a long hill on a hot day.
0
Stop after high-speed driving.
0
Idle for long periods in traffic.
If you no longer have the overheatwarning, you
can drive. Just tobe safe, drive slower forabout
10 minutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues, pullover, stop, and park your
vehicle rightaway.
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine
for two or threeminutes while you’re parked, to seeif
the warning stops. But then, if you still have the
warning, turn ojfthe engine and get everyone outof the
vehicle until it cools down. Also, see“Overheated
Engine Protection Operating Mode”listed previously in
this section.
2. Turn on your heater to full hot at the highest fan
speed and open thewindow as necessary.
You may decide notto lift the hood but to get service
help rightaway.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheatwarning with no sign of steam,
try this fora minute or so:
3. If you’re in a traffic jam, shift to NEUTRAL (N);
otherwise, shift to the highest gear while
driving -- AUTOMATIC OVERDRIVE (@).
5-17
Cooling System
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what
you’ll see:
An electric engine coolingfan under the hood can
start up even when the engine
is not running and
can injure you. Keep hands, clothing and tools
away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant inside the coolant recovery tank is boiling,
don’t do anything else until it coolsdown.
A. Coolant Recovery Tank
B. Electric Engine Cooling Fans
C . Radiator Pressure Cap
The coolant level should be at or above the COLD mark
on the overflow hose in the coolant bottle.
5-18
If it isn’t, you may have a leak in the radiator hoses,
heater hoses, radiator, water pump or somewhere else in
the cooling system.
Heater and radiatorhoses, and other camdine
parts, can be very hot.
Don’t touch them. If you
do, you can be burned.
engine is overheating, both fans should be running.
If they aren’t, your vehicle needs service.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant
Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level
isn’t atthe COLD mark, add a 50/50 mixture of clean
water (preferably distilled) and DEX-COOL@ engine
coolant at the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information.)
Don’t run the engineif there is a leak.If you run
the engine,it could lose all coolant. That could
cause an engine fire, and
you could be burned.
Get any leak fixed before
you drive thevehicle.
I NOTICE:
Engine damageif you keep running your engine
without coolant isn’t covered
by your warranty.
See “Overheated Engine Protection Operating
Mode” in the Index.
If there seems to be no leak, with the engine on, check to
see if the electric engine cooling fans are
running. If the
Adumg d y plain water to your cooling system
or some other
can be dangerous. Plain water,
liquid like alcohol, can boil before the proper
coolant mixturewill. Your vehicle’scoolant
warning systemis set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain water or the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot but
you wouldn’t
get the overheat warning.
Your engine could
catch fire andyou or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean water and
DEX-COOL@ coolant.
5-19
NOTICE:
In cold
engine,
Use the
coolant
weather, water can freeze and crack the
radiator, heater core and other parts.
recommended coolant and the proper
mixture.
A CAUTION:
You can be burnedif you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene
glycol
and itwill burn if the engine parts are hot
enough. Don’t spill coolanton a hot engine.
When the coolant in the coolant recovery tank is at the
COLD mark, start your vehicle.
If the overheat warning continues, there’s one more
thing you can try. You can add the proper coolant
mixture directly to the radiator, but be sure the cooling
system is cool before you do it.
5-20
/I\ CAUTLN:
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling
system can blow out and burnyou badly. They
are under pressure, and if you turn the radiator
pressure cap even a little they can come out
at high speed. Neverturn the capwhen the
cooling system,including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Waitfor the cooling systemand
radiator pressure cap tocool if youever have to
turn the pressure cap.
--
--
5-21
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
1
NOTICE:
2. Then keep turning the
pressure cap, but now
push down as you
turn it. Removethe
pressure cap.
Your engine has a specific radiator fill procedure.
Failure to follow this procedure could cause your
engine to overheat and beseverely damaged.
I
~
1. You can remove the
radiator pressure cap
when the cooling
system, includingthe
radiator pressure cap and
upper radiator hose, is
no longer hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowly
counterclockwise until it
first stops. (Don't press
down while huning the
pressure cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop. A hiss means
there is still some pressure left.
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don't spillcoolant on a hot engine.
3. After the engine cools, open the coolant air
bleed valves.
There are two bleed valves. One is located on the
thermostat housing. The other is located on the
thermostat bypass tube.
4. Fill the radiator with the proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture, up to the base of the filler neck.
(See “Engine Coolant” in the Index for more
information about theproper coolant mixture.)
If you see a stream of coolant coming from an air
bleed valve, close the valve. Otherwise, closethe
valves after the radiator is filled.
5 . Rinse or wipe any spilled coolant from the engine
and the compartment.
5-23
XI
6. Then fill the coolant recovery tank to the COLD
mark on the overflow hose in the coolant bottle.
7. Put the cap back on the coolant recovery tank, but
leave the pressure cap off.
5-24
8. Start the engine and let it run until you can feel the
upper radiator hose getting hot. Watch out for the
engine cooling fans.
9. By this time, the coolant level inside the radiator
filler neck may be lower. If the level is lower, add
more of the proper DEX-COOL" coolant mixture
through the filler neck until the level reaches the
base of the filler neck.
If a Tire Goes Flat
It’s unusual for a tire to “blow out” while you’re driving,
especially if you maintain your tires properly. If air goes
out of a tire, it’s much more likely to leak out slowly.
But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here are afew
tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tire fails, the flattire will create a drag that
pulls the vehicle toward that side. Take your foot off the
accelerator pedal and grip the steering wheel firmly.
Steer to maintain lane position, and then gently brake to
a stop well out of the traffic lane.
10. Then replace the pressure cap. At any time during
this procedureif coolant begins toflow out of the
filler neck, reinstall the pressure cap. Be sure the
arrows on the pressure cap lineup like this.
11. Check the coolant in the recovery tank. The levelin
the coolant recoverytank should be at the HOT
mark when the engine ishot or at the COLD mark
when the engine is cold.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, actsmuch like a
skid and may require the samecorrection you’d use in a
skid. In any rear blowout, remove your foot from the
accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by
steering the way you want the vehicle to go. It may be
very bumpy and noisy, but you can still steer. Gently
brake to a stop -- well off the road if possible.
If a tire goes flat, the next part shows how to use your
jacking equipment to change a flattire safely.
5-25
Changing a Flat Tire
If a tire goes flat, avoid further tire and wheel damage
by driving slowly to a level place. Turn on your hazard
warning flashers.
vehicle
Changing a tire can cause an injury. The
can slipoff the jack androll over you or other
people. You and they could be badly injured.
To help
Find a level place to change your tire.
prevent thevehicle from moving:
1. Set the parking brake firmly.
2. Put the shift lever inPARK (P).
3. l b r n off the engine.
To be even more certain thevehicle won’t move,
you can put blocksat the front and rearof the
tire farthestaway from the one being changed.
That would be the tireon the other sideof the
vehicle, at the opposite end.
5-26
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................................................................................
...............................................................................
...........................................
..........................................
.................
...........................................
..........................................
The following steps will tell you how to use the jack and
change a tire.
Removing the Spare Tire andTools
The equipmentyou’ll need
is in the trunk.
(See “Compact Spare Tire” later in this section formore
information aboutthe compact spare.)
1. Pull the carpetedmat up from the floor of the trunk
and turn the center nut on the compact spare cover to
the left to remove it.
Then lift and remove the cover.
2. Remove the spare tire.
5-27
I
A
3. Turn the nut holding the jack tothe left and remove
it. Then remove the jack and wrench.
5-28
The tools you'll be using include the jack (A), extension
and protection guide (B) and wheel wrench ( C ) .
Wheel Covers
To remove a center cap, use
the wrench to pry gently at
the notch. Don’t use a tool
that is narrower than the
wrench to pry at this notch.
Then pry off the cap.
If your vehicle is equipped
with wheel covers, be sure
to use a wheel wrench to
begin the process of
loosening the plastic
wheel nut caps.
They won’t come off. You will only be able to loosen
them. Once you have loosened the plastic nut caps with
the wheel wrench, if needed, you can finish loosening
them with your fingers.
Then, using the flat end of the wheel wrench, pry along
the edge of the wheel cover until it comes off. Be
careful; the edge may be sharp. Don’t try to remove the
cover with your bare hands.
Removing the Flat Tire and Installing the
Spare Tire
A CAUTION:
Getting undera vehicle when it is jacked up is
dangerous. If the vehicle slipsoff the jack,you
could be badly injuredor killed. Never getunder
a vehicle when it is supported only by a jack.
7
CAUTION:
I A
1. Using the wheel wrench, loosen all the wheel nuts.
Don’t remove them yet.
2. Turn the jack handle to the right to raise the jack lift
head a few inches.
5-30
Raising yourvehicle with the jack improperly
positioned can damage thevehicle and even make
the vehicle fall. To help avoid personal injury
and vehicle damage, be sure to fit the jack lift
head into the proper location before raising
the vehicle.
FRONT
FRONT
VEHICLE
VEHICLE
REAR EDGE OF FRONT
WHEEL OPENING
3. For jacking at the vehicle’s front location,put the
jack lift head about 6 inches (15 cm) from the rear
edge of the frontwheel opening or justbehind the
two bolts as shown.
FRONT EDGEOF
REAR WHEEL
OPENING
4. For jacking at the vehicle’s rear location,put the jack
lift head about 5 inches (13 cm) from the front edge
of the rearwheel opening or just behind the off-set
as shown.
Put the compact spare tirenear you.
5-31
7. Remove any rust or dirt
from the wheel bolts,
mounting surfaces and
spare wheel.
A CAUTION:
5. Raise the vehicle by turning the jack handle to the
right. Raise the vehicle far enough off the ground for
the spare tire to fit under the vehicle.
6. Remove all wheel nuts and take off the flat tire.
5-32
Rust or dirt on the
wheel, or on the parts to
which it is fastened, can make thewheel nuts
become loose after a time. The wheel could come
off and cause an accident. When
you change a
wheel, remove any rust or dirt from the places
where the wheel attaches to thevehicle. In an
emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper towel
to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire
brush later, if you need to, to get all the rust or
dirt off.
A CAUTION:
r Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
1
If you
do, the nuts might come loose.
Your wheel could
fall off, causing a serious accident.
Replace the wheel nuts
with the rounded end of
the nutstoward the
wheel. Tighten each nut
by hand until the wheel
is held against the hub.
9. Lower the vehicle by turning the jack handle tothe
left. Lower the jack completely.
10. Tighten the wheel nuts
firmly in a crisscross
sequence as shown.
NOTICE:
Improperly tightenedwheel nuts can lead to
brake pulsation and rotor damage.
To avoid
expensive brake repairs, evenly tighten the wheel
to the proper
nuts in the proper sequence and
torque specification.
Don’t try to put the wheel cover on your compact
spare tire. It won’t fit. Store thewheel cover in the
trunk until you have the flat tirerepaired or replaced.
Incorrect wheel nuts or improperly tightened
wheel nuts can cause the
wheel to become loose
and even comeoff. This could lead to an accident.
Be sure touse the correctwheel nuts. If you have
to replace them, be sure to get
new GM original
equipment wheel nuts.
Stop somewhere as soon as you can and have the
nuts tightenedwith a torque wrench to100 lb-ft
(140 Nom).
5-34
I NOTICE:
Wheel coverswon’t fit on your compact spare.
If
you try to puta wheel cover on your compact
spare, you could damage the cover or the spare.
Storing the Flat Tire andTools
Storing ajack, a tire or other equipment in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
4fter you’ve put the compact spare tireon your vehicle,
you’lineed t o store the flat tire-in your trunk. Use the
following procedureto secure the flat tire in the trunk.
When storing a full-size tireyou must use the extension
with the protector/guide to help avoid wheel surface
damage. Use the extension and protector/guide located
in the foam holder. To store a full-sizetire, place the tire
valve stem facing down and then remove the
protector/guide and attach the retainer securely.
When reinstalling a compact spare tire,put the
protector/guide back in the foam holder. Store the cover
as far forward as possible.
5-35
Storing the Spare Tire and Tools
1. Retainer
2. Cover
3. Retainer (full-size tire)
4. Compact Spare Tire
Storing a jack, a tire or other equipment
in the
passenger compartmentof the vehicle could
cause injury. In a sudden stop or collision, loose
equipment could strike someone. Store all these
in the proper place.
The compact spare is for temporary use only. Replace
the compact spare tirewith a full-size tire as soon as you
can. See “Compact Spare Tire” in the Index. Seethe
storage instructions label to replace your compact spare
into your trunk properly.
5-36
5 . Nut
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Jack
Wrench
Lock Nut Tool
Foam Holder
Bolt Screw
11. Extension and
Protector/Guide
Compact Spare Tire
Although the compact spare tire was fully inflatedwhen
your vehicle was new, it can lose air after a time.
Check the inflation pressureregularly. It should be
60 psi (420 Wa).
After installing thecompact spare on your vehicle,
you should stop as soon as possibleand make sure
your spare tire is correctly inflated. The
compact spare
is made to perform well at speeds up to65 mph
(105 km/h) for distances up to3,000 miles (5 000 km),
so you can finish your trip and have your full-size tire
repaired or replaced where you want. Of course, it’s best
to replace your spare with a full-size tireas soon as you
can. Your spare will last longer and be in good shape in
case you need it again.
NOTICE:
When the compact spareis installed, don’t take
your vehicle through an automatic car wash with
guide rails. The compact spare can get caught on
the rails. That can damage the tire and
wheel,
of your vehicle.
and maybe other parts
Don’t use your compact spare on other vehicles.
And don’t mix your compact spare tire orwheel with
other wheels or tires. They won’t fit. Keep your spare
tire and its wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your compact spare.
Using
them can damage your vehicle and can damage
the chains too. Don’t use tire chains on your
compact spare.
5-37
If You’re Stuck: In Sand, Mud,
Ice or Snow
What you don’t wantto do when your vehicle is stuck is
to spin your wheels too fast. Themethod known as
“rocking” can help you get out when you’re stuck, but
you must use caution.
-
I
If you let your tires ,spin at high speed, they can
explode, and you or others could beinjured. And,
the transaxle or other parts of the vehicle can
overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other damage. When you’re
stuck, spin the wheels as little as possible. Don’t
spin the wheels above35 mph (55 km/h) as shown
on the speedometer.
NOTICE:
-~
- _ _
Spinning your wheels can destroy parts of your
vehicle as well as the tires. If you spin the wheels
too fast while shiftingyour transaxle back and
forth, you can destroy your transaxle.
For information about using tire chainson your vehicle,
see “Tire Chains” in the Index.
Rocking Your VehicleTo Get It Out
First, turn your steering wheel left and right. That will
clear the area around your front wheels. Then shift back
and forth between REVERSE (R) and a forward gear,
spinning the wheels as little as possible. Release the
accelerator pedal while you shift, and press lightly on
the accelerator pedal when the transaxleis in gear. If
that doesn’t getyou out after afew tries, you may need
to be towed out. If you do need to be towed out, see
“Towing Your Vehicle”in the Index.
$&
NOTES
5-39
fi
5-40
NOTES
Section 6 Service and Appearance Care
Here you will find information about the care of your vehicle. This section begins with service and fuel information,
and then it shows how to check important fluidand lubricant levels. There is also technical information about your
vehicle, and a part devoted to its appearance care.
Service6-2
6-3
6-5
Fuels
6-5
6-7
6- 10
6-15
6- 17
6-20
6-24
6-25
6-26
6-29
6-30
6-36
6-43
6-44
6-46
6-47
Fuel
in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
Checking Things Under the Hood
Engine Oil
Air Cleaner
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
Engine Coolant
Power Steering
Fluid
Windshield Washer Fluid
Brakes
Battery
Bulb Replacement
Tires
Appearance Care
Cleaning the Inside of YourVehicle
Cleaning the Built-in ChildRestraint
6-47
6-48
6-48
6-49
6-50
6-52
6-53
6-53
6-53
6-59
6-59
6- 60
6- 60
6-60
Care of Safety Belts and Built-in Child
Restraint Harness
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Cleaning the Outside of the Windshield and
Wiper Blades
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
Cleaning Tires
Appearance Care MaterialsChart
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
Service PartsIdentification Label
Electrical System
Replacement Bulbs
Capacities and Specifications
Vehicle Dimensions
Normal Maintenance Replacement Parts
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
6-1
Service
Doing Your Own Service Work
Your dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to
be happy with it. We hope you’ll go to your dealer for
all your service needs. You’ll get genuine GM parts and
GM-trained and supported service people.
If you want to do some of your own service work, you’ll
want to use the proper Buick Service Manual. It tells
you much more about how to service your vehicle than
this manual can. To order the proper service manual, see
“Service and Owner Publications” in the Index.
We hope you’ll want to keep your GM vehicle all GM.
Genuine GM parts have one of these marks:
Genuine
6-2
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
do your own service work, see “Servicing Your Air
Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
You should keep a record with all parts receipts and list
the mileage and the date of any service work you
perform. See “Maintenance Record” in the Index.
Fuel
You can be injured and your vehicle could be
damaged if you try to do service work ona
vehicle without knowing enough aboutit.
Be sure you have sufficient knowledge,
experience, the proper replacement parts
and tools before you attempt anyvehicle
maintenance task.
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and
other fasteners. “English” and “metric”
fasteners canbe easily confused. Ifyou use
the wrong fasteners, parts can later break
or fall off. You could be hurt.
Adding Equipment to the Outsideof
Your Vehicle
Things you might add to the outside of your vehicle can
affect the airflow around it. This may cause wind noise
and affect windshield washer performance. Check with
your dealer beforeadding equipment to the outside of
your vehicle.
Use regular unleaded gasoline rated at 87 octane or
higher. At a minimum, it should meet specifications
ASTM D48 14 in the United States and CGSB 3.5-M93
in Canada. Improved gasoline specifications have been
developed by the American Automobile Manufacturers
Association (AAMA) for better vehicle performance
and engine protection. Gasolines meeting the AAMA
specification could provide improved driveability and
emission control system protection compared to
other gasolines.
Be sure the posted octane is at least 87. If the octane is
less than 87, you may get a heavy knocking noise when
you drive. If it’s bad enough, it can damage your engine.
If you’re using fuel rated at 87 octane or higherand you
hear heavy knocking, your engine needs service. But
don’t worry if you hear a little pinging noise when
you’re accelerating or drivingup a hill. That’s normal,
and you don’t have to buy a higher octane fuel to getrid
of pinging. It’s the heavy, constant knock that means
you have a problem.
6-3
If your vehicle is certified tomeet California Emission
Standards (indicated on the underhood emission control
label), it is designed to operateon fuels that meet
California specifications. If such fuels arenot available
in states adopting California emissions standards, your
vehicle will operate satisfactorily on fuelsmeeting
federal specifications, but emission control system
performance may be affected. The malfunction indicator
lamp on your instrument panel may turn on and/or your
vehicle may fail a smog-check test. If this occurs, return
to your authorized Buick dealer fordiagnosis to
determine the cause of failure. Inthe event itis
determined that the cause of the condition is the type of
fuels used, repairs may not be covered by your warranty.
Some gasolines that are not reformulated for low
emissions contain an octane-enhancing additive called
methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT);
ask your service station operator whether or not hisfuel
contains MMT. General Motors does not recommend the
use of such gasolines. If fuels containing MMT are
used,
spark plug life may be reduced and your emission
control system performance may be affected. The
malfunction indicator lamp on your instrument panel
may turn on. If this occurs, return to your authorized
Buick dealer forservice.
6-4
To provide cleaner air, all gasolines in the United States
are now required to contain additives that will help
prevent deposits from forming in your engine and fuel
system, allowing your emission control system to
function properly. Therefore, you should not have to add
anything to the fuel. In addition, gasolines containing
oxygenates, such as ethers and ethanol, and
reformulated gasolines may be available in your area to
help clean the air. General Motors recommends that you
use these gasolines if they comply with the
specifications described earlier.
~-
-
NOTICE:
Your vehicle was not designed for fuel that
contains methanol. Don’t use it. It can corrode
metal parts in your fuel system and also damage
plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t
be covered under your warranty.
Fuels in Foreign Countries
Filling Your Tank
If you plan on driving in another country outside the
United States orCanada, the proper fuel may be hard to
find. Never use leaded gasoline orany other fuelnot
recommended in the previous text on fuel. Costlyrepairs
caused by use of improper fuel wouldn’t be covered by
your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or
contact amajor oil company that does businessin the
country where you’ll be driving.
You can also write us at the following address for
advice. Justtell us where you’re going and give your
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motors Overseas Distribution Corporation
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L 1H 8P7
Gasoline vaporis highly flammable. It burns
violently, and that can cause very bad injuries.
Don’t smoke if you’re near gasoline
or refueling
your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames and smoking
materials away from gasoIine.
6-5
The tethered cap is behind a hinged door on the left side
of your vehicle.
If you get gasolineon yourselfand then
something ignites it,you could be badly burned.
Gasoline can spray out
on you if you open the
fuel filler cap too quickly. This spray can happen
if your tank is nearly full, andis more likely in
hot weather. Open the fuel filler cap
slowly and
wait for any“hiss” noise to stop. Then unscrew
the cap all theway.
Be careful not to spill gasoline. Clean gasoline from
painted surfaces as soon as possible. See “Cleaning the
Outside of Your Vehicle” in the Index.
While refueling, let the cap hang by the tether below the
fuel fill opening.
To remove the cap, turn it slowly tothe left
(counterclockwise). The caphas a spring in it; if you let
go of the cap too soon, it will spring back to the right.
6-6
When you put the cap back on, turn it to the right
(clockwise) until you hear a clicking sound.Make sure
you fully install the cap. The diagnostic system can
determine if the fuel cap has been left off or improperly
installed. This would allow fuel to evaporate into the
atmosphere. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
NOTICE:
0
If you need a new cap, be sure to get the right
type. Yourdealer can get one for you. If you get
the wrong type, it may not fit properly. This may
cause your malfunction indicator lamp tolight
and yourfuel tank andemissions system may be
damaged. See “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” in
the Index.
0
0
Do not fill a container while it is inside a
vehicle, in a vehicle’s trunk, pickup bed or
on any surface other than theground.
Bring the fill nozzle in contact with the
inside of the fill opening before operating
the nozzle. Contact should be maintained
until the filling is complete.
Don’t smoke while pumping gasoline.
Filling a Portable Fuel Container
’A
I
CAUTION:
Never filla portable fuel container while it is in
your vehicle. Static electricity discharge from the
container can ignite the gasoline vapor.You can
be badly burned andyour vehicle damaged if this
occurs. To help avoid injury to you and others:
Dispense gasoline only into approved
containers.
CAUTION: (Continued)
I
A CAZ
*’ION:
An electric fan under thehood can start up and
injure you even whenthe engine isnot running.
Keep hands, clothing and tools awayfrom any
underhood electric fan.
6-7
Things that burn can get on hot engine parts and
start afire. These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid, windshield washer and
other fluids, and plastic or rubber.
You or others
could be burned. Be careful not to drop or spill
things thatwill burn ontoa hot engine.
Hood Release
To open the hood, first pull
the handle inside the
vehicle, located just
below the instrument panel
and to the left of the
steering column.
6-8
Then go to the front of the vehicle and release the
secondary hood release. Lift the hood.
When you open the hood on the 3 100 (Code M j Engine, you’ll see:
P
A. Windshield Washer
Fluid Reservoir
B. Battery
C. Radiator Fill Cap
D. Remote Positive (+)
Battery Terminal
E. Power Steering Fluid Reservoir
F. Engine Oil Fill Cap
G. Engine Oil Dipstick
H. Automatic Transaxle
Fluid Dipstick
I. Brake Fluid Reservoir
J. Engine Coolant Recovery Tank
K. Air Cleaner
6-9
Before closing the hood, be sure all the filler caps areon
properly. Then just pull the hood down and close
it firmly.
Engine Oil
LOW
OIL
If the LOW OIL light on the
instrument panel comes on,
it means you need to check
your engine oil level right
away. For more
information, see “Low Oil
Level Light” in the Index.
You should check your engine oillevel regularly; this is
an added reminder.
It’s a good idea to check your engine oil every time you
get fuel. In order to get an accurate reading, the oil must
be warm and the vehicle must be on level ground.
6-10
The engine oildipstick handle is the yellow loop near
the front of the engine.
Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to
drain back into the oil pan. If you don’t, the oil dipstick
might not show the actual level.
Checking Engine Oil
When to Add Engine Oil
Pull out the dipstick and clean it with a paper towel or
cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again,
keeping the tip down, and check the level.
If the oil is at or
below the ADD mark, then you’ll need
to add at least one quartof oil. But you must use the
right kind. This part explains what kind of oil to use. For
crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and Specifications”
in the Index.
NOTICE:
Don’t add too much oil.
If your engine hasso
much oil that the oil level gets above the
cross-hatched area upper mark that shows the
proper operating range, your engine could
be damaged.
What Kind of Engine Oil to Use
Oils recommended for your vehicle can be identified by
looking for the “Starburst” symbol. This symbol
indicates that the oil has been certified by the American
Petroleum Institute (API). Do not use any oil which
does not carry this Starburst symbol.
l
If you change your own oil,
be sure you use oil that has
the Starburst symbol on the
front of the oil container.
The engine oil fill cap is located toward the front
of the engine near the yellow-looped engine oil
dipstick handle.
Be sure to fill it enough to put the level somewhere in
the proper operating range. Push the dipstick all the way
back in when you’re through.
6-12
If you have your oil changed for you, be sure the oil put
into your engine is American Petroleum Institute
certified for gasolineengines. You should also use the
proper viscosity oil for your vehicle, as shown in the
following chart:
RECOMMENDED SAE VlSCOSlTT GRADE ENGINE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL ECONOMY AND COLU STARTING, SELECT THE LOW
SAE VISCOSITY GRADE OIL FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
LOOK
FOR MIS
SYMBOL
HOT
WEATHER
I
l
j+27
- + 16
- +4
- -7
i,
, ’;;
NOTICE:
Use only engine oil with the American Petroleum
Institute Certified For Gasoline Engines
“Starburst” symbol. Failureto use the
recommended oil can result in engine damage not
covered by your warranty.
+ 100..
I
As shown in the chart, SAE 5W-30 is best for your
vehicle. However, you can use SAE 1OW-30 if it’s going
to be0°F (- 18O C) or above. Thesenumbers on an oil
container show its viscosity, or thickness.Do not use
other viscosity oils, such as SAE 20W-50.
GM Goodwrench@ oil meets all the requirements for
your vehicle.
I
If you are in an area where the temperature falls below
-20°F (-29”C), consider using either an SAE 5W-30
synthetic oil or an SAE OW-30 oil. Both will provide
easier coldstarting and better protection for your engine
at extremely low temperatures.
SAE Sw-30
PREFERRED
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 2OW-50 OR ANY OTHER
GRADE OIL NOT RECOMMENDED
6-13
Engine Oil Additives
Don’t add anything to your oil. Your dealer is ready to
advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil
Your vehicle has an Oil Life Monitor. This feature
will let you know when to change your oil and
filter -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km) and
7,500 miles (12 500 km) since your last oil change.
Under severe conditions,the indicator may come on
before 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle
more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months
(whichever occurs first) without an oil change.
The system won’t detect dust in the oil. So, if you
drive in a dusty area, be sure tochange your oil every
3,000 miles (5 000 km) or sooner. Remember to reset
the CHANGE OIL SOON light when the oil has been
changed. For more information, see “Change Oil Soon
Light” in the Index.
How to Reset the CHANGE OILSC -IN Light
After changing the engine oil,the system must be reset.
With the ignition key in RUN but the engine off, fully
push and release the accelerator pedal slowly three times
within five seconds. If the CHANGE OIL SOON light
flashes, the system is resetting. Turn the key to OFF,
then start the vehicle. If the CHANGE OIL SOON light
comes back on, the system has not reset. Repeat
the procedure.
What to Do with Used Oil
Did you know that used engine oil containscertain
elements that may be unhealthy for your skin and could
even cause cancer? Don’t let used oil stay on your skin
for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and
water, or agood hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw
away clothing or rags containing used engine oil. (See
the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal
of oil products.)
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you
change your own oil, be sure to drainall free-flowing oil
from the filter before disposal. Don’t ever dispose of oil
by putting it in the trash, pouring it on the ground, into
sewers, or into streams
or bodies of water. Instead,
recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil. If
you have a problem properly disposing of your used oil,
ask your dealer, a service station or alocal recycling
center for help.
Air Cleaner
To check or replace the air
filter, loosen the wing nut
on the air ductand lift up on
the two clips locatedon the
top of the filtercover.
Disconnect the duct and
reposition it while removing
the side cover.
1 CA”
ION:
Operating theengine with the air cleaner off can
cause you or others to be burned. The air cleaner
not only cleans the air, it stops flame if the engine
backfires. If it isn’t there, and the engine
backfires, you could beburned. Don’t drive with
it off, and be careful working on the engine with
the air cleaner off.
Pull out thefilter. Be sure to install the air filterand
install the cover tightly when you are finished.
NOTICE:
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine when to
replace the airfilter.
If the air cleaner is off, a backfire
Cause a
damaging engine fire. And, dirt can easily get
into your engine, whichwill damage it. Always
have the air cleaner in place when you’re driving.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services’’ in the Index.
6-15
Passenger CompartmentAir Filter
The passenger compartment
air filteris located
underneath your hoodjust
below the windshield wiper
arm on the car’s passenger
side (underneath the air
inlet grille).
The filter traps most of the pollen from the air entering
the air conditioning module. Like your engine’s air
filter, it may need to be changed periodically. For
information on how often to change the passenger
compartment air filter, see “Maintenance Schedule’’in
the Index.
6-16
To change the passenger compartment air filter, use the
following steps:
1. Turn off the ignition when the windshield wipers
are in the up position.
2. Raise the hood.
3. Remove (disconnect) the windshield washer pump
hose from the fender rail and air inlet grille.
4. Reposition the hood weatherstrip from the right
side of the vehicle (peel back halfway to center).
5. Remove (disconnect) the air inlet grille retainers.
6. Remove (disconnect) the air inlet grille.
7 . Remove (disconnect) the passenger compartment
air filter.
8. Then install the new air filter. For the type of filter
to use, see “Normal Maintenance Replacement
Parts” in the Index.
9. Reposition the air inlet grille.
10. Replace the air inlet grille retainers.
11. Reposition the hood weatherstrip.
12. Reconnect the windshield washer pump hose to the
fender rail air inlet grille.
1 3. Close the hood.
14. Return the windshield wipers to the park position.
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
How to Check
When to Check and Change
Because this operation can be a little difficult, you may
choose to have this done at your Buick dealership
Service Department.
A good time to check your automatic transaxle fluid
level is when the engine oilis changed.
Change both the fluidand filter every 50,000 miles
(83 000 km)if the vehicle is mainly driven under one or
more of these conditions:
0
In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature
regularly reaches 90 O F (32 O C) or higher.
If you do it yourself, be sure to followall the
instructions here, or you could get a false reading
on the dipstick.
I NOTICE:
In hilly or mountainous terrain.
0
Too much or too little fluid can damage your
transaxle. Too much can mean that some
of the
fluid could come out and fall
on hot engine parts
or exhaust system parts, starting a fire. Be sure to
get an accurate reading you
if check your
transaxle fluid.
When doing frequent trailer towing.
Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
If you do not use your vehicle under any of these
conditions, the fluidand filter do not require changing.
See “Scheduled Maintenance Services” in the Index.
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle
fluid levelif you have been driving:
When outside temperatures are above 90°F (32”C ) .
0
At high speed for quite a while.
6-17
0
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
Then, without shutting off the engine, follow
these steps:
To get the right reading,the fluid shouldbe at normal
operating temperature,which is 180°F to 200°F (82°C
to 93°C).
Get the vehicle warmed up by driving about 15 miles
(24 km) when outside temperatures are above50°F
(10°C). If it's colder than 50°F ( 10°C), you may have
to drive longer.
Checking the Fluid Level
Park your vehicle on a level place. Keep the
engine running.
With the parking brake applied, place the shift lever
in PARK (P).
With your foot on the brake pedal, move the shift
lever through each gear range, pausing for about
three seconds in each range. Then, position the shift
lever in PARK (P).
Let the engine run at idle for three to fiveminutes.
6-18
The automatic transaxle fluiddipstick is the red loop
located toward the rearof the engine.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or
paper towel.
2. Push it back in all the way, wait three seconds and
then pull it back out again.
How to Add Fluid
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what
kind of transaxle fluid to use. See “Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
If the fluid levelis low, add only enough of the proper
fluid tobring the level intothe cross-hatched area on
the dipstick.
1. Pull out the dipstick.
2. Using a long-neck funnel, add enough fluid at the
dipstick hole to bring it to the proper level.
It doesn’t take much fluid, generally less than one
pint (0.5 L). Don’t overfill.
3. Check both side-sof the dipstick, and read the
lower level. The fluidlevel must be in the
cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is in the acceptable range, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
NOTICE:
We recommend youuse only fluid labeled
DEXRON@-111, because fluid with that label is
made especiallyfor your automatic transaxle.
Damage causedby fluid other than DEXRON-I11
is not covered by your new vehicle warranty.
6-19
3. After adding fluid, recheck the fluid level as
described under “How to Check.”
4. When the correct fluid level is obtained, push the
dipstick back in all the way.
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lights and gages work as
they should.
Engine Coolant
The cooling s stem in your vehicle is filled with
DEX-COOL engine coolant. This coolant is designed
to remain in your vehicle for 5 years or 150,000miles
(240 000 km), whichever occurs first,if you add only
DEX-COOL@ extended life coolant.
2
The following explainsyour cooling system and how to
add coolant when it is low, If you have a problem with
engine overheating or if you need to add coolant to your
radiator, see “Engine Overheating” in the Index.
A 50/50 mixture of water and DEX-COOL@
coolant will:
Give freezing protection down to -34°F (-37°C).
Give boiling protection up to 265 “F ( 129°C).
6-20
NOTICE:
When adding coolant, it is important that
you
use only DEX-COOL@(silicate-free) coolant.
If coolant other than DEX-COOL is added to
the system, premature engine, heater core
or
radiator corrosion may result. In addition, the
engine coolantwill require change sooner at
30,000 miles (50 000 km) or24 months,
whichever occurs first. Damage caused
by the
use of coolant other than DEX-COOL@
is not
covered by your new vehicle warranty.
--
What to Use
Use a mixtureof one-half clean water (preferably
distilled) and one-half DEX-COOL@coolant which
won’t damage aluminum parts. If you use this mixture,
you don’t need to add anything else.
Adding only plain water to your cooling system
can be dangerous. Plain water,or some other
liquid like alcohol, canboil before the proper
coolant mixturewill. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mixture. With plain watero r the wrong mixture,
your engine could get too hot you
but wouldn’t
get the overheat warning.
Your engine could
catch fire andyou or others could be burned.
Use a 50/50 mixture of clean water and
DEX-COOL@coolant.
NOTICE:
If you use an improper coolant mixture, your
engine could overheat and be badly damaged.
The repair cost wouldn’t be covered
by your
warranty. Too much water in the mixture can
freeze and crack the engine, radiator, heater core
and other parts.
If you have to add coolant more than four times ayear,
have your dealer check your cooling system.
NOTICE:
If you use the proper coolant,you don’t have to
add extra inhibitors or additives which claim to
improve the system. These can be harmful.
6-21
Checking Coolant
If this light comes on, it
means you’re low on
engine coolant.
Adding Coolant
If you need more coolant, add the proper DEX-COOL@
coolant mixture at the coolant recovery tank, but be
careful not to spill it.
If the coolant recovery tank is completely empty, add
coolant to the radiator. (See “Engine Overheating” in
the Index.)
When your engine is cold, thecoolant level should be at
the COLD mark or a littlehigher. When your engine is
warm, the level should be up to the HOT mark or a
little higher.
6-22
Radiator Pressure Cap
A CAUTION:
Turning the radiator pressure cap when the
engine and radiator arehot can allow steam and
scalding liquids to blow out and burn you badly.
With the coolant recovery tank, you will almost
never have toadd coolant at the radiator.
Never turn the radiatorpressure cap even a
little when the engine and radiator arehot.
--
9-
'-A CAUTION:
You can De wrned if you spill coolant on hot
engine parts. Coolant contains ethylene glycol,
and it will burn if the engine parts arehot
enough. Don't spillcoolant on a hot engine.
t
I NOTICE:
Your radiator cap is a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and must be tightly installedto
prevent coolant loss and possible enginedamage
from overheating. Be sure the arrows on the cap
line up with the overflow tube on the radiator
filler neck.
When you replace your radiator pressure cap, an AC'
cap isrecommended.
Thermostat
Engine coolant temperature is controlled by a thermostat
in the engine coolant system. The
thermostat stops the
flow of coolant through the radiator until the coolant
reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat, an AC@thermostat
is recommended.
6-23
Power Steering Fluid
How To Check Power Steering Fluid
When the engine compartment is cool, wipe the cap and
the top of the reservoir clean, then unscrew the cap and
wipe the dipstick with a clean rag. Replace the cap and
completely tighten it. Then remove the cap again and
look at the fluid level on the dipstick.
When to Check Power SteeringFluid
It is not necessary to regularly check power steering
fluid unless you suspect there is a leakin the system or
you hear an unusual noise. A fluid loss in this system
could indicate aproblem. Have the system inspected
and repaired.
6-24
When the engine compartment is hot, the level should be
at the HOT mark. If the fluid is at the ADD mark, you
should add fluid.
What to Use
Adding Washer Fluid
To determine what kind of fluid to use, see
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants” in the Index.
Always use the proper fluid. Failureto use the proper
fluid can cause leaksand damage hosesand seals.
Windshield Washer Fluid
What to Use
When you need windshield washer fluid, be sure to read
the manufacturer’s instructions beforeuse. If you will be
operating your vehicle in an area where the temperature
may fall below freezing, use a fluidthat has sufficient
protection against freezing.
Open the cap labeled WASHER FLUID ONLY. Add
washer fluid until the tank is full.
6-25
NOTICE:
0
0
0
When using concentrated washer fluid,
follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
adding water.
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer
to freeze
fluid. Water can cause the solution
and damage your washer fluid tank and
other partsof the washersystem. Also,
water doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid.
Fill your washer fluid tank only
three-quarters full whenit’s very cold. This
allows for expansionif freezing occurs,
which could damage the tankif it is
completely full.
Don’t use engine coolant (antifreeze) in
your windshield washer.It can damage
your washer system and paint.
6-26
Brakes
Brake Fluid
Your brake master cylinder reservoir is here. It is filled
with DOT-3 brake fluid.
There are only two reasons why the brake fluid levelin the
reservoir mightgo down. The first is that the brake fluid
goes down to an acceptable level during normal brake
lining wear. When new liningsare put in, the fluid level
goes back up. The other reason is that fluid islealung out
of the brake system.If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, sincea leak means that sooneror later your
brakes won’t work well,or won’t work at all.
So, it isn’t a good idea to “topoff’ your brake fluid.
Adding brake fluid won’t correct a leak. If you add fluid
when your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much
fluid when you get new brake linings.You should add
(or remove) brake fluid, as necessary, only when work is
done on the brake hydraulic system.
When your brake fluid falls toa low level, yourbrake
warning light will come on. See“Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
What to Add
When you do need brake fluid, use only DOT-3 brake
fluid -- such as Delco Supreme 11 (GM Part
No. 12377967). Use new brake fluid from a sealed
container only.
@
Always clean the brake fluid reservoir cap and the area
around the cap beforeremoving it. Thiswill help keep
dirt from entering the
reservoir.
’A
I
If you have too much brake fluid,
it can spill on
the engine. The fluidwill burn if the engine is
hot enough.You or others could be burned,
and your vehicle could be damaged. Add brake
fluid only when work is done on the
brake
hydraulic system.
I
CAUTION:
I
With the wrong kind
of fluid inyour brake
system, your brakes may not work
well, or they
may not even work at all. This could causea
crash. Always use the proper brake fluid.
6-27
NOTICE:
Using the wrong fluid can badly damage
brake system parts. For example, just
a few
drops of mineral-based oil, such as engine
oil, in your brake system can damage brake
system parts so badly thatthey’ll have to be
replaced. Don’t let someone put in the
wrong kindof fluid.
If you spill brake fluid on yourvehicle’s
painted surfaces, the paint finish can
be
damaged. Be careful not to spill brake fluid
on yourvehicle. If you do, wash itoff
immediately. See “Appearance Care” in
the Index.
Brake Wear
Your vehicle has front discbrakes and rear drum brakes.
Disc brake pads have built-in wear indicators that
make a high-pitched warning sound when the brake
pads are worn and newpads are needed. The sound may
come and go orbe heard all the timeyour vehicle is
moving (except when you are pushing on the brake
pedal firmly).
The brake wear warning sound means that soon
your brakes won’t work well. That could lead to
an accident. Whenyou hear the brake wear
warning sound, have your
vehicle serviced.
I NOTICE:
Continuing to drive with worn-out brake pads
could result in costlybrake repair.
6-28
Some driving conditions or climates
may cause a brake
squeal when the brakes are first applied orlightly
applied. Thisdoes not mean something is wrong with
your brakes.
Properly torqued wheel nuts are necessary to help
prevent brake pulsation. When tires are rotated, inspect
brake pads for wear and evenly torque wheel nuts in the
proper sequence to GM specifications.
Brake linings should always be replaced as complete
axle sets.
See “Brake System Inspection”in Section 7 of this
manual under Part C “Periodic Maintenance
Inspections.”
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to
normal height, or if there is a rapid increasein pedal
travel. This could be a sign of brake trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you apply the brakes, with or without the
vehicle moving, your brakes adjust forwear.
Replacing BrakeSystem Parts
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex.
Its many parts have to be of top quality and work well
together if the vehicle is to have really good braking.
Your vehicle was designed and tested with top-quality
GM brake parts. When you replace partsof your braking
system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones put in -- be sure
you get new approved GM replacement parts. If you
don’t, your brakes may no longer work properly. For
example, if someone puts in brake linings that are wrong
for your vehicle, the balance between your front and
rear brakes can change -- for the worse. The braking
performance you’ve come to expectcan change in many
other ways if someone puts in the wrong replacement
brake parts.
Battery
Every new Buick has an ACDelco Freedom@ battery.
You never have to add water to one of these. When it’s
time for anew battery, we recommend an ACDelco
Freedom battery. Get one that has the replacement
number shown on the original battery’s label.
6-29
Vehicle Storage
Bulb Replacement
If you’re not going to drive your vehicle for 25 days
or more, remove the black, negative (-) cable from
the battery. This will help keep your battery from
running down.
In this section you’ll finddirections for changing the
bulbs in some of the lamps on your vehicle. See
“Replacement Bulbs” in the Index to find the type of
bulb you should use.
A CAUTION:
Batteries have acid that can burn you and gas
that can explode. You can be badlyhurt if you
aren’t careful. See “Jump Starting” inthe Index
for tips on working around a battery without
getting hurt.
Contact your dealer to learnhow to prepare your vehicle
for longer storageperiods.
Also, for your audio system, see “Theft-Deterrent
Feature’’ in the Index.
6-30
I
Hal4
~
3ulb
A CAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurized gas insideand
can burst if you drop or scratch the bulb. You or
others could be injured. Be sure to read and
follow the instructions on the bulb package.
Headlamps
4. Connect the new headlamp assembly to the wiring
harness, making sure the connector tab snaps
into place.
5 . Insert the headlamp into the slots in the fascia.
6. Slide the retainers downward until they are
fully seated.
Headlamp Aiming
Your vehicle has a modular headlamp system. These
headlamps have horizontal and vertical aim indicators.
The aim has been optically pre-set at the factory and
should need no further adjustment.
If ybttftrehicle is damaged in an accident and the
headlamp aim seems to be affected, see your dealer.
Headlamps on damaged vehicles may require
recalibration of the vertical and horizontal aim by
your dealer.
I. Pull up on the headlamp retainers to release the
assembly locator tabs.
2. Slide the headlamp assembly out of the slots.
3. Lift the plastic locking tab on the electrical
connector and pull the connectorfrom the headlamp
bulb socket.
To check the aim, the vehicle should be properly
prepared as follows:
0
Place the vehicle on a level pad or surface.
0
The vehicle should not have any snow, ice or mud
attached to it.
0
The vehicle should be fully assembled and all other
work stopped while headlamp aiming is being done.
0
There should not be any cargo orloading of the
vehicle, except it shouldhave a full tank of gas and
one person or 160 lbs. (75 kg) on the driver’s seat.
0
Close all doors.
0
Tires should be properly inflated.
0
Rock the vehicle to stabilize the suspension.
NOTICE:
To make sure your headlamps are aimed
properly, read all the instructions before
beginning. Failure to follow these instructions
could cause damageto headlamp parts.
6-32
For the vertical adjustment, state inspection stations
will generally allow a reading of plus 0.76 degrees or
minus 0.76 degrees from the center of the bubble.
It is recommended that the
upper limit not exceed
plus 0.4 degrees from the
center of the bubble.
Other drivers may flash
their high beams at you if
your adjustment is much
above plus 0.4 degrees.
If you find that the headlamp aiming needs adjustment,
follow these steps:
I NOTICE:
Horizontal aimof the headlamp must be done
first. Adjusting vertical aim first will result
in
incorrect headlamp aim.
Driver’s Side Headlamp Shown
A. Vertical aim adjustment screw
B. Horizontal aim adjustment screw
1. Start by opening the hood and locating the vertical
and horizontal aim indicators. Theaiming screw for
the vertical aim indicator is at the centerof the
headlamp cover (A) and the aiming screw for the
on the outboard side of
horizontal aim indicator is
the headlampcover (B).
Passenger’s Side HeadlampShown
B. Horizontal aim adjustment screw
C. Horizontal block index plate
D. Vertical aiming level
6-33
2. Using an E8 Tom@socket, turn the horizontal
aiming adjustment screw (B) until the “0” (zero) on
the pointer is lined up with the center marking on the
horizontal block index plate (C).
Center High-Mounted Stoplamp
1 . Open the trunk.
3. To adjust the vertical aim, use an E8 Tom@socket
and turn the vertical aiming adjustment screw
until the bubble inside the level (D) is centered at
“0” (zero).
Front Parking and lhrn Signal Lamp
1. Remove the headlamp assembly. Refer to the
removal procedure earlier in this section.
2. Remove the rubber bulb access cover.
3. Twist and pull the sidemarker lamp socket from the
headlamp assembly.
4. Holding the base of the bulb, pull the bulb from
the socket.
5 . Push the new bulb into the socket.
6. Put the socket back into the headlamp assembly and
turn it tothe right until it is secure.
7. Replace the rubber bulb access cover.
6-34
2. Reach through the access opening in the trunk.
Tail/Stop/Turn Signal Lamp
1. Remove the plastic wing nuts (A). (Pliers may be
required to removethe wing nuts.)
A
A
B
3. Remove the bulb by turning it one-quarter of a turn
right to left.
4. Place the new bulb into the bulb socket.
5. Turn the bulb one-quarter of a turn to the right
to replace.
6. Close the trunk.
2. Pull the taillamp housing away from the body of the
vehicle (B).
6-35
3. Squeeze the tab on the socket and turn the socket
right to left.
Trunk Lid Applique
4. Pull out the socket.
5. Pull the bulb out of the socket. (There aretwo bulbs
on each taillamp.)
B
6. Push in a new bulb.
7. Replace the socket into the housing and turn to
the right.
8. Replace the taillamp housing to the body of
the vehicle.
9. Install the wing nuts.
10. Tighten the plastic nuts.
1. Open the trunk lid halfway.
2. Remove the wing nuts (A) from the studs on the
applique. (There are eightwing nuts. Pliers may be
required to remove them.)
3. Remove the applique from the trunk lid.
6-36
Then:
Dome Lamp
1. Install the new bulbs into the applique sockets(B).
1. Grasp the front center
and rear centerpositions
of the dome lamphousing and squeeze together
until the housing releases from
the base plate. A
flat-bladed screwdrivermay be necessary to pry
the assembly loose.
2. Connect the applique to the lid.
3. Reconnect the wing nuts to the studson the applique
and hand-tighten.
4. Close the trunk lid.
Back-up Lamp
The back-up lamps are locatedin the tyunk lid applique.
(Refer to thetrunk lid applique removal procedure earlier
in this section for graphic and further instructions.)
1. Remove the trunk lid applique.
2. Twist and pull the back-up lamp socket from the
trunk lid applique.
3. Twist and pull the bulb from theback-up
lamp socket.
To install thenew bulb:
1. Twist and push the bulb into theback-up
lamp socket.
2. Twist and push the back-up lamp socket into the
trunk lid applique.
2. Lift the plastic lockingtab on the electrical
connector and pull the connector from the dome
lamp assembly.
3. Grasp the bulbhousing located in the centerof the
assembly and pull straight up.
of the socket.
4. Pull the bulb out
5 . Push in a new bulb.
6. Replace the socket into the dome
lamp assembly.
7. Reconnect the domelamp assembly to the wiring
harness, making sure theconnector tab snaps
into place.
assembly to the roof, and
8. Reposition the dome lamp
gently push the assembly into thebase plate.
For any bulb changing procedure not listed in this
section, contactyour dealer service department.
3. Reinstall the trunk lid applique.
6-37
Windshield Wiper Blade Replacement
3. Pull the windshield wiper arm 3 to 4 inches (7.5 to
10 cm) away from the windshield.
4. While holding the wiper arm away from the glass,
push the release clip from under the blade
connecting point and pull the blade assembly down
toward the glass toremove it from thewiper arm.
5. Push the new wiper blade securely on the wiper arm
until you hear the release clip “click” into place.
For wiper blade replacement length and type, see
“Capacities and Specifications” in the Index.
Tires
1. Turn on the wipers to the low wipe setting.
2. Turn off the ignition while the wipers are at the
outer positions of the wiper pattern. The blades are
more accessible for removalh-eplacement while in
this position.
6-38
Your new vehicle comes with high-quality tires made by
a leading tire manufacturer. If you ever have questions
about your tire warranty and where to obtain service, see
your Buick Warranty booklet for details.
Inflation
Poorly maintained and improperly used tires
are dangerous.
0 Overloading your tires can cause
overheating as a result of too much friction.
You could have an air-out and a serious
accident. See “Loading Your Vehicle” in
the Index.
0 Underinflated tires pose the same danger as
overloaded tires. The resulting accident
could cause serious injury. Check alltires
frequently to maintain the recommended
pressure. Tire pressure should be checked
when your tires are cold.
Overinflated tires are more likely to be
cut, punctured or broken by a sudden
impact such as when you hit a pothole.
Keep tires at the recommended pressure.
Worn, oldtires can cause accidents. If your
tread is badly worn, or if your tires have
been damaged, replace them.
--
-- Tire
Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information label,which is on the
inside of the trunk lid, shows the correct inflation
pressures foryour tires when they’re cold. “Cold”
means your vehicle has been sitting for at least three
hours or driven no more than 1 mile (1.6 km).
NOTICE:
Don’t let anyone tell you that underinflation or
overinflation is allright. It’s not. If your tires
don’t have enoughair (underinflation), you can
get the following:
Too much flexing
0 Too much heat
0 Tire overloading
Bad wear
0 Bad handling
Bad fuel economy.
NOTICE: (Continued)
6-39
I
~
i
NOTICE: (Continued)
If your tires have too much air (overinflation),
you can get the following:
Unusualwear
0 Badhandling
0 Roughride
Needless damage from road hazards.
When to Check
Check your tires once a month or more.
Don’t forget your compact spare tire. It should be at
60 psi (420 kPa).
How to Check
Use a good quality pocket-type gage to check tire
pressure. You can’t tell if your tires are properly inflated
simply by looking at them. Radialtires may look
properly inflated even when they’re underinflated.
Be sure to putthe valve caps backon the valve stems.
They help prevent leaks by keeping
out dirt and moisture.
6-40
I
Tire Inspection and Rotation
Tires should be rotated every 6,000 to 8,000 miles
(10 000 to 13 000 km). Any time you notice unusual
wear, rotate your tires as soon as possible and check
wheel alignment. Also check for damaged tires or
wheels. See “When It’s Time for New Tires’’ and
“Wheel Replacement” later in this section for
more information.
The purpose of regular rotation is to achieve more
uniform wear for all tires on the vehicle. The first
rotation is the most important. See “Scheduled
Maintenance Services” in the Index for scheduled
rotation intervals.
When rotatingyour tires, always use the correctrotation
pattern shown here.
Don’t include the compact spare tire your
in
tire rotation.
When It’s Timefor New Tires
3
1 One way to tell whenit’s
time for new tires is to
check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires have
only 1/16 inch(1.6 mm) or
less of tread remaining.
After the tires have
been rotated, adjust the front
and
rear inflation pressuresas shown on the Tire-Loading
Information label. Make certain that wheel
all nuts are
properly tightened. See “WheelNut Torque” in
the Index.
Rust or dirton a wheel, or on the parts to which
it is fastened, can makewheel nuts become loose
after a time. The wheel could comeoff and cause
an accident. When youchange a wheel, remove
any rust or dirtfrom places wherethe wheel
attaches to the
vehicle. In anemergency, youcan
use a cloth or a paper towel to dothis; but be
sure touse a scraper orwire brush later, if you
need to, to get all the rustor dirtoff. (See
“Changing a Flat Tire” in theIndex.)
You need a new tire if any of the followingstatements
are true:
0
You can see the indicators atthree or more places
around the tire.
0
You can see cord or fabric showing through the
tire’s rubber.
0
The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut orsnagged deep
enough toshow cord or fabric.
0
The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
6-41
The tire has a puncture, cut or other damage that
can’t be repaired well because of the size orlocation
of the damage.
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at
the Tire-Loading Information label.
The tires installed on your vehicle when it was new had
a TirePerformance Criteria Specification (TPC Spec)
number on each tire’s sidewall. When you get new tires,
get ones with that same TPC Spec number. That way
your vehicle will continue tohave tires that are designed
to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating,
traction, ride and other things during normal service on
your vehicle. If your tires have an all-season tread
design, the TPC number will be followed by an “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replace your tires with those not having a
TPC Spec number, make sure they are the same size,
load range, speed rating and construction type (bias,
bias-belted or radial) as your original tires.
6-42
A CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause you to lose control while
driving. If you mix tires of different sizes or types
(radial andbias-belted tires), the vehicle may not
handle properly, and you could have a crash.
Using tires of different sizes may also cause
damage to your vehicle. Be sure touse the same
size and type tires on allwheels.
It’s all right todrive with your compact spare,
though. It was developed for use on your vehicle.
,A CAUTION:
If you use bias-plytires on your vehicle, the
wheel rim flanges could develop
cracks after
many miles of driving. A tire and/or wheel could
fail suddenly, causing a crash. Use only radial-ply
tires with the wheels on your vehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
Treadwear
The following information relates to the system
developed by the United States National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, which grades tires by
treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This
applies only to vehicles sold in the United States.) The
grades are molded on the sidewalls of most passenger
car tires. The Uniform Tire Quality Grading system does
not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with
nominal rim diameters of 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm),
or to some limited-production tires.
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on
the wear rate of the tire when tested under controlled
conditions on a specified government test course. For
example, a tire graded 150 would wear one and a half
(1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends
upon the actual conditions of their use, however, and
may depart significantly from the norm due to variations
in driving habits, service practices and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
While the tires available on General Motors passenger
cars and light trucks may vary with respect to these
grades, they must also conform to Federal safety
requirements and additional General Motors Tire
Performance Criteria (TPC) standards.
Traction
-- A, B, C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest, are A,B, and
C, and they represent the tire’s ability to stopon wet
pavement as measured under controlled conditions on
specified government test surfaces
of asphalt and concrete.
A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based
on braking (straight ahead) traction tests and does not
include cornering (turning) traction.
6-43
Temperature
-- A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest), B, and C,
representing the tire’s resistance to the generation of
heat and its ability to dissipateheat when tested under
controlled conditionson a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the
material of the tire to degenerate and reduce tire life, and
excessive temperature can lead to sudden tire failure.
The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades
B and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by law.
Warning: The temperature grade forthis tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated and not
overloaded. Excessive speed,underinflation, or
excessive loading, either separately or in combination,
can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
6-44
Wheel Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced
carefully at the factory to give you the longest tire life
and best overall performance.
Scheduled wheel alignment and wheel balancing are not
needed. However, if you notice unusual tire wear or
your vehicle pulling one way or the other, the alignment
may need to be reset. If you notice your vehicle
vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels
may need to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked, or badly rusted
or corroded. If wheel nuts keep coming loose, the wheel,
wheel bolts and wheel nuts should be replaced. If the
wheel leaks air, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). See your
dealer if any of these conditions exist.
~~
~~
~
~
-
- -~
~
Your dealer will know the lund of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load-carrying
capacity, diameter, width, offset and be mounted the
same way as the one it replaces.
If you need to replace any of your wheels, wheel bolts
or wheel nuts, replacethem only with new GM original
equipment parts. This way, you will be sure to havethe
right wheel, wheel bolts and wheel nuts for your
Buick model.
1UTION:
Using the wrong replacementwheels, wheel
bolts or wheel nuts on your vehicle can be
dangerous. I t could affect the braking and
handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose air
and makeyou lose control. You could have a
collision in whichyou or others could be injured.
Always use the correct wheel, wheel bolts and
wheel nuts for replacement.
NOTICE:
The wrong wheel can also cause problems with
bearing life, brake cooling, speedometer or
odometer calibration, headlamp aim, bumper
height, vehicle ground clearance and tire
or tire
chain clearance to the body and
chassis.
See “Changing a Flat Tire” inthe Index for
more information.
us
IA
1
-.
CAUTION:
a used wheel on your vehicle is
dangerous. You can’t know how it’s been used or
how far it’s been driven. It could fail suddenly
If you have to replacea
and cause an accident.
wheel, use a new GM original equipmentwheel.
6-45
Tire Chains
NOTICE:
Use tire chains only where legal and only when
you must. Use onlySAE Class 44S”type chains
that arethe proper size for your tires.Install
them on the front tires andtighten them as
tightly as possible withthe ends securely
fastened. Drive slowlyand follow the chain
manufacturer’s instructions. If you can hear the
chains contacting your vehicle, stop and retighten
them. If the contact continues, slow down until it
stops. Driving too
fast or spinning the wheels
with chains on will damage your vehicle.
Appearance Care
Remember, cleaning products can be hazardous. Some
are toxic. Others can burst into flameif you strike a
match or get them on a hot part of the vehicle. Some are
dangerous if you breathe their fumesin a closed space.
When you use anything from a container to
clean your
vehicle, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s warnings
and instructions. And always open your doors or
windows when you’re cleaning the inside.
6-46
Never use these to clean your vehicle:
0
Gasoline
0
Benzene
0
Naphtha
0
Carbon Tetrachloride
Acetone
PaintThinner
Turpentine
Lacquer Thinner
Nail Polish Remover
They can all be hazardous -- some more than
others -- and they can all damage your vehicle, too.
Don’t use anyof these unless this manual says you can.
In many uses, these will darnage your vehicle:
Alcohol
Laundry Soap
Bleach
Reducing Agents
I
Cleaning the Insideof Your Vehicle
Use a vacuum cleaner often to get rid of dust and loose
dirt. Wipe vinyl, leather, plastic and painted surfaces
with a clean, damp cloth.
Your dealer has two cleaners, Multi-Purpose Interior
Cleaner and Capture Non-Solvent Dry Spot and Soil
Remover for cleaning fabricand carpet. They will clean
normal spots and stains very well. You can get
GM-approved cleaning productsfrom your dealer. (See
“Appearance Care and Materials” in the Index.)
Here are some cleaningtips:
0
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
0
Clean up stains as soon as you can -- before they set.
Carefully scrape off any excess stain.
0
Using Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner
on Fabric
1. Vacuum and brush the area to remove any loose dirt.
2. Always clean a whole trim panel or section. Mask
surrounding trim along stitch or welt lines.
3. Mix powdered cleaner followingthe directions on
the container label to form thick suds.
4. Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.Don’t
saturate the material and don’t rub it roughly.
5 . As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge
to remove the suds.
6. Wipe cleaned areawith a clean, damp towel or cloth.
7. Wipe with a clean cloth and let dry.
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and change to a clean
area often.A soft brush may be used if stains are
stubborn.
If a ring forms after spot cleaning,clean the entire
area immediately or it will set.
6-47
Special Fabric Cleaning Problems
Cleaning Vinyl
Stains caused by such things as catsup, coffee (black),
egg, fruit, fruit juice, milk, soft drinks, vomit, urine and
blood can be removed as follows:
Use warm water and a clean cloth.
Rub with a clean, damp cloth to remove dirt. You
may have to do it more than once.
1 . Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge the
soiled area with cool water.
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain
if you don’t get them off quickly. Use a clean cloth
and a vinyl/leather cleaner. See your dealer for
this product.
2. If a stain remains, follow the multi-purpose interior
cleaner instructions described earlier.
3. If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine,
treat the area with a waterhaking soda solution:
1 teaspoon (5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup (250 ml)
of lukewarm water.
4. Let dry.
Stains caused by candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili
sauce and unknown stains can beremoved as follows:
1. Carefully scrape off excess stain.
2. First, clean with cool water and allow to
dry completely.
3. If a stain remains, follow instructions for
Multi-Purpose Interior Cleaner.
6-48
Cleaning Leather
Use a soft cloth with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
saddle soap and wipe dry with a soft cloth.Then, let the
leather dry naturally. Do not use heat to dry.
0
For stubborn stains, use a leather cleaner. See your
dealer for this product.
0
Never use oils, varnishes, solvent-based or abrasive
cleaners, furniture polish or shoe polish on leather.
0
Soiled or stained leather should be cleaned
immediately. If dirt is allowed to work into the
finish, it can harm the leather.
Cleaning theTop of the Instrument Panel
Care of Safety Belts andBuilt-in
Child Restraint Harness
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument panel. Sprays containing silicones or
waxes may cause annoying reflections in the windshield
and even make it difficult to see through the windshield
under certain conditions.
Keep the safety belts and the built-in child restraint
harness cleanand dry.
Cleaning InteriorPlastic Components
I
Use only a mild soap and water solution on a soft
cloth or sponge. Commercial cleaners may affect the
surface finish.
Cleaning the Built-in Child Restraint
Your built-in child restraint may be cleaned with mild
soap and lukewarm water. Don’t usehousehold cleaners.
They may weaken the harness ordamage plastic parts.
:\ CAUTdN:
Do not bleach or dye safety belts or the built-in
child restraint harness.If you do, they may be
severely weakened. In a crash, they might not be
able to provide adequate protection. Clean the
safety belts and the child restraint harness only
with mild soap and lukewarm water.
The built-in child restraint pad is attached to the child
restraint cushionand seatback with fastener strips. You
can remove the pad,machine wash it in cold water on a
gentle cycleand tumble dry it on a low heat setting.
Never bleach or iron the pad, and don’t dry clean it.
6-49
Cleaning Glass Surfaces
Glass should be cleaned often.GM Glass Cleaner(GM
Part No. 1050427) or a liquid household glass cleaner
will remove normal tobacco smoke and dust filmson
interior glass.
Don’t use abrasive cleaners on glass, because they may
cause scratches. Avoid placing decalson the inside rear
window, since they may have to be scraped off later. If
abrasive cleaners areused on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger element may be damaged.
Any temporary license should not be attached across the
defogger grid.
Cleaning the Outsideof the
Windshield and Wiper Blades
If the windshield is not clear after using the windshield
washer, or if the wiper blade chatters when running, wax,
sap or other material maybe on the blade or windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with GM
Windshield Cleaner, Bon Ami@Powder (non-scratching
glass cleaning powder),GM Part No. 1050011. The
windshield is clean if beads do not form when you rinse
it with water.
6-50
Grime from the windshield will stick to the wiper blades
and affect their performance. Clean the blade by wiping
vigorously with a cloth soaked in full-strength
windshield washer solvent. Then rinse the blade
with water.
Check the wiper blades and clean them as necessary;
replace blades that look worn.
Weatherstrips
Silicone greaseon weatherstrips will make them last
longer, seal better, and not stick or squeak. Apply
silicone greasewith a clean cloth atleast every
six months. During very cold, dampweather more
frequent application may be required. (See
“Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”in the Index.)
Cleaning the Outside of Your Vehicle
Finish Care
The paint finish on your vehicle provides beauty, depth
of color, gloss retention and durability.
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your vehicle by
hand may be necessary to remove residue from the paint
finish. You can get GM-approved cleaning products
from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials”
in the Index.)
Washing Your Vehicle
The best way to preserve your vehicle’s finishis to keep it
clean by washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun.
Don’t use strong soaps or chemical detergents. Use
liquid hand, dish or carwashing (mild detergent) soaps.
You can get GM-approved cleaning products from your
dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the
Index.) Don’t use cleaning agents that are petroleum
based, or that contain acid or abrasives. All cleaning
agents should be flushed promptly and not allowed to
dry on the surface, or they could stain. Dry the finish
with a soft, clean chamois or an all-cotton towel to
avoid surface scratches and water spotting.
High pressure car washes may cause water to enter
your vehicle.
Cleaning ExteriorLampsLenses
Use lukewarm or cold water, a soft cloth and a liquid
hand, dish or car washing (mild detergent) soap to clean
exterior lamps and lenses. Follow instructions under
“Washing Your Vehicle.”
Your vehicle has a “basecoatklearcoat” paint finish.The
clearcoat gives more depth and to
gloss
the colored basecoat.
Always use waxes and polishes that are non-abrasive and
made for a basecoatklearcoat paint finish.
Machine compoundingor aggressive polishing on
a basecoatlclearcoat paint finishmay dull the
finish or leave swirl marks.
Foreign materials such as calcium chloride and other
salts, ice melting agents, road oil and tar, tree sap, bird
droppings, chemicals from industrial chimneys, etc., can
damage your vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Wash the vehicle as soon as possible. If
necessary, use non-abrasive cleaners that are marked
safe for painted surfaces to remove foreign matter.
6-51
Exterior painted surfaces are subject to aging, weather
and chemical fallout that can take their toll over a period
of years. You can help tokeep the paint finish looking
new by keeping your vehicle garaged or covered
whenever possible.
Cleaning Aluminum Wheels
Equipped)
Keep your wheels clean using a soft clean cloth with
mild soap and water. Rinse with clean water. After
rinsing thoroughly, dry with a soft clean towel. A wax
may then be applied.
The surface of these wheels is similar to the painted
surface of your vehicle. Don’t use strong soaps,
chemicals, abrasive polishes, abrasive cleaners or
abrasive cleaning brushes on them because you could
damage the surface.
Don’t take your vehicle through an automatic carwash
that has silicon carbide tirecleaning brushes. These
brushes can also damage the surface of these wheels.
6-52
Cleaning Tires
To clean your tires, use a stiff brush with a tirecleaner.
NOTICE:
When applying a tire dressing always take care to
wipe off any oversprayor splash from all painted
surfaces on the body
or wheels of the vehicle.
Petroleum-based products may damage the
paint finish.
Sheet Metal Damage
.A.t k a t &veryspring, flush these materials from the
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal
repair or replacement,make sure the body repair shop
applies anti-corrosion material to the parts repaired or
replaced to restore corrosion protection.
underbody with plain water. Clean any areas where mud
and other debriscan collect. Dirt packed in closed areas
of the frame should be loosened beforebeing flushed.
Your dealer or an underbody car washing system can do
this for you.
Finish Damage
Chemical Paint Spotting
Any stone chips, fractures ordeep scratches in the finish
should be repaired right away. Bare metal will corrode
quickly and may develop into a major repair expense.
Some weather and atmospheric conditionscan create a
chemical fallout. Airborne pollutants can fall upon and
attack painted surfaces on your vehicle. This damage
can take two forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into
the paint surface.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired with touch-up
materials available from your dealer or other service
outlets. Larger areas of finish damagecan be corrected
in your dealer’s body and paint shop.
Underbody Maintenance
Chemicals used for ice and snow removal and dust
control can collect on the underbody. If these are not
removed, accelerated corrosion (rust)can occur on
the underbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor
pan and exhaust system even though they have
corrosion protection.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Buick
will repair, at no charge to the owner, the surfaces of
new vehicles damaged by this fallout conditionwithin
12 months or 12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever occurs first.
6-53
Appearance Care Materials Chart
DESCRIPTION
I
USAGE
I
994954
23
Polishing Cloth- Wax Treated
Exterior polishing cloth
1050172
16
Tar and Road Oil Remover
Removes tar, road oil and asphalt
1050173
16
Chrome Cleaner and Polish Use on chrome, stainless steel, nickel, copper and brass
White Sidewall Tire Cleaner
1050174
16
Removes soil and black marks from whitewalls
1050214
32
Vinyl Cleaner
Cleans vinyl tops, upholstery and convertible tops
1050427
23
Glass Cleaner
Removes dirt, grime, smoke and fingerprints
1052870
16
Wash Wax Concentrate
Cleans andlightly waxes
Protects leather, wood, acrylics, Plexiglas ,plastic,
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Armor
All " Protectant
1052918""
andvinyl
_rubber
_
Multi-Purpose
Interior
Cleans
carpets, seats, interior trim,
door
panels
1052925
16
oz. (0.473 L)
and
Cleaner
floor mats
1052929
16
oz. (0.473 L)
Wheel Cleaner
Spray on and rinse with water
1052930
8 oz. (0.237 L)
Capture Dry Spot Remover
Attracts, absorbs and removessoils
12345002
16
oz. (0.473 L)
Armor All" Cleaner
Cleans and shinesa variety of surface types
sq. ft.
12345721
2.5
Synthetic Chamois
Shines vehicle without scratching
oz. (0.354 L)
12345725
12
Silicone TireShine
Spray on tire shine
oz. (0.473 L)
Finish Enhancer
12377964
16
Removes dust, fingerprints and surface contaminants
oz. (0.473 L)
12377966
16
Cleaner Wax
Removes light scratches and oxidation and protects finish
oz. (0.473 L)
Surface Cleaner
12377984
16
Removes contaminants, blemishes and swirl marks
See your General MotorsParts Department for these products.
**Not recommended for use on instrument panel vinyl.
See "Fluids and Lubricants" in the Index.
-
PART NUMBER
I
SIZE
in. x in.
25
oz. (0.473 L)
oz. (0.473 L)
oz. (0.473 L)
oz. (0.946 L)
oz. (0.680 L)
oz. (0.473
L)
I
TM
~~
6-54
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
0
the model designation,
0
paint information and
0
a list of all production options and special
equipment.
Be sure that this label
is not removed from the vehicle.
ENGINE
MODEL
CODE
YEAR
ASSEMBLY
PLANT
This is the legal identifier for
your vehicle. It appears on
a platein the front corner
of the instrument panel, on
the
driver’s side.You can see itif you look through the
windshield from outsideyour vehicle. TheVIN also
appears on the Vehicle Certification and Service Parts
labels and the certificatesof title and registration.
Engine Identification
The 8th character in
your VIN is the engine code.
This
code will help you identify your engine, specifications
and replacement parts.
Electrical System
Add-on Electrical Equipment
NOTICE:
Don’t add anything electrical to your vehicle
unless you check with your dealer first. Some
electrical equipment can damage your vehicle
and the damage wouldn’t be covered by your
warranty. Some add-on electrical equipment
can keep other components from working
as
they should.
Service Parts Identification Label
You’ll find this label on the inside
of the trunk lid.It’s
very helpful if you ever need to orderparts. On this
label is:
0
Your vehicle has an air bag system. Before attempting to
add anything electrical to your vehicle, see“Servicing
Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle” in the Index.
your VIN,
6-55
Headlamp Wiring
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
The headlamp wiring is protected by a circuit breaker in
the underhood electrical center. An electrical overload
will cause the lamps to go on and off, or in some cases
to remain off. If this happens, have your headlamp
system checked right away.
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from
short circuits by a combination of fuses, circuitbreakers
and fusible thermal links in the wiring itself. This
greatly reduces the chance of fires caused by
electrical problems.
Windshield Wipers
Look at the silver-colored band inside the fuse. If the
band is broken or melted, replace the fuse. Be sure you
replace a bad fuse with a new one of the identical size
and rating.
The windshield wiper motor is protected by a circuit
breaker and a fuse. If the motor overheats due to heavy
snow, etc., the wiper will stop until the motor cools. If
the overload is caused by some electrical problem, have
it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakers in the fuse panel protect the power
windows and other power accessories. When the current
load is tooheavy, the circuit breaker opens and closes,
protecting the circuit until the problem is fixed.
6-56
Instrument Panel Fuse Block
Some fusesare in a fuse
block on the passenger’s
side of the instrument panel.
Pull off the cover labeled
FUSES to expose the fuses.
Description
Fuse
B
C
D
E
1
Not Used
4
IgnitionSignal -- Hot in RUN and
Start -- PCM, BCM U/H Relay
6
Power Mirrors
8
Panel Dimming
10
Ignition Signal -- Hot in RUN, Unlock and
Start -- Cluster, Powertrain Control
Module, Body Control Module
DRL Module
Circuit
Description
Breaker
A
Not Used
14
lntenor Lamps
15
Door Locks
17
Taillamps, License Lamp
18
Radio
19
Heated Mirror
20
Cruise Control
B
Power Windows/Sunroof
22
Clusters
C
Rear Defog
23
D
Power Seats
Cigarette Lighter-- Auxiliary Power
Connection (Power Drop), Data Link
6-57
Description
Fuse
24
Stoplamps
26
Parking Lamps
27
Auxiliary Power Connection
(Power Drop) -- Hot in ACC and RUN
Crank Signal -- Body Control Module,
Cluster, Powertrain Control Modules
28
Description
Fuse
36
Ignition Signal -- Hot in ACC and
RUN -- Body Control Module
37
Anti-lock Brake Solenoids
38
Low Blower
39
Anti-lock Brakes
40
Turn Signals
41
Radio, HVAC Head, Remote Keyless
Entry, Cluster
42
High Blower
43
Not Used
29
Ignition Signal -- HVAC
Control Head
30
Brake Transmission Shift Interlock (BTSI)
31
Air Bag
32
Anti-lock Brake Controls, Body Control
Module
44
Audio Steering Wheel Controls
33
Hazard Flashers
45
Wipers
34
Not Used
6-58
Underhood Electrical Center-- Passenger's Side
Fuse
Description
Some fuses and relays are in the underhood electrical
center on the passenger's side of the engine compartment.
5
Ignition Switch,BTSI, Stoplamps,
ABS, Turn Signals, Cluster, Air Bag,
DRL Module
Cooling Fan
D
6
7
(a]
(31
1
4
)
0
8
(61
[71
181
Relay
9
Fuse
1
2
3
4
Description
Cooling Fan
Starter Solenoid
Power Seats, RearDefog
High Blower, Hazard Flasher,
Stoplamps, PowerMirror, Door Locks
10
11
12
13
14
Interior Lamps, RetainedAccessory
Power, ABS, Keyless Entry, Data Link,
HVAC Head, Cluster, Radio, AUX
Power (Power Drop), Cigarette Lighter
Ignition Switch, Wipers, Radio,
Steering Wheel Controls, Body Control
Module, AUX Power (Power Drop),
Power Windows, Sunroof, HVAC
Controls, DRL, Rear Defog Relay
Description
Cooling Fan 2
Cooling Fan 3
Starter Solenoid
Cooling Fan 1
Ignition Main
Not Used
6-59
Relay
Description
Fuse
15
16
17
18
19
Fuse
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
A/C Clutch
30
Engine Emissions
Horn
Not Used
Not Used
Fuel Pump
31
Not Used
32
Headlamp (Right)
33
Rear Compartment Release
34
Parking Lamps
6-60
Description
Description
Not Used
35
Fuel Pump
36
Headlamp (Left)
Generator
37
Spare
ECM
A/C Compressor Clutch
Not Used
Electronic Ignition
Transaxle
Horn
Fuel Injector
Oxygen Sensor
38
Spare
39
Spare
40
41
Spare
Spare
42
Spare
43
SYMBOL
Fuse Puller
A/C Compressor Clutch Diode
Replacement Bulbs
NumberBulb Lamps
Exterior
Back-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1156
Center High-Mounted Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 155
Front Parking/Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . 4 157NAK
Headlamp, High Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9005
Headlamp, Low Beam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9006
Sidemarker,Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
Sidemarker, Rear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
Stop/Tail/Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057
Tail (Applique) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
194
umber Bulb Lamps
Interior
9425542
DomeLamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
*For service informationon these bulbs, contactyour
dealer service department.
Capacities and Specifications
4T60E:
Automatic Transaxle
Pan Removal and Replacement . . . . 7 quarts (6.7 L)
After Complete Overhaul . . . . . . 9.6 quarts(9.2 L)
When drainingheplacing convertel;more jluid will
be needed.
Cooling System Including Reservoir
3100(CodeM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.6quarts (10.9L)
Refrigerant (R-l34a),
AirConditioning* . . . . . . . . . . 1.88 lbs. (0.85 kg)
*See “AirConditioning Refrigerants ”later in this
section.
Engine Crankcase
Oil and Filter Change . . . . . . . . . 4.5 quarts (4.3 L)
Wheel Nut Torque . . . . . . . . . . 100 lb-ft (140 N-m)
Fuel Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 gallons (64 L)
Wiper Blade Lengths
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hook
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22 inches (56 cm)
Note: All cupacities ure approximate. When adding, be
sure to f i l l to the upproximate level, as recommended in
this manuul. See “Recommended Fluids and
Lubricants” in the Index.
Engine Specifications
3100 (Code M)
Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
V6
Displacement ........................
191 CID
Firing Order ......................
1-2-3-4-5-6
Thermostat Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . 195O F (9 1 C )
Horsepower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 @ 5200
O
Vehicle Dimensions
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109.0 inches (276.9 cm)
Tread (Front) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62.0 inches (157.6 cm)
Tread (Rear) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61.1 inches (155.1 cm)
Overall Length . . . . . . . . . . . 194.6 inches (494.2 cm)
Overall Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72.7 inches ( I 84.5 cm)
Overall Height . . . . . . . . . . . . 56.6 inches (143.8 cm)
Normal Maintenance
Replacement Parts
Air Cleaner Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type A 1208C
Passenger Compartment Air Filter . . . . 10406026
Battery
3 100 (Code M) . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 600 CCA
Engine Oil Filter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF47
PCV Valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AC Type CV892C
RadiatorCap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type RC27
RKE Batteries . . . . . Type CR2032 (2) or equivalent
Spark Plugs
3 100 (Code M) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 4 1-940
Gap: 0.060 inches (1.52 mm)
Air Conditioning Refrigerants
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are the same.
If the air conditioning system in your vehicle needs
refrigerant, be sure theproper refrigerant is used.
If you’re not sure, ask your dealer.
6-62
Section 7 MaintenanceSchedule
This section coversthe maintenance required for your vehicle,Your vehicle needs these services toretain its safety,
dependability and emission control performance.
7-2
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-4
7-1 3
7-13
7-13
7- 14
7-14
Introduction
Your Vehicle and the Environment
How This Section isOrganized
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
At Each Fuel Fill
At Least Oncea Month
At Least Twice a Year
At Least Oncea Year
7- 17
7-17
717
7- 17
7- 17
7- 17
7- 18
7- 19
Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Exhaust System Inspection
Engine Cooling System Inspection
ThrottleSystemInspection
BrakeSystem Inspection
Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants
Part E: Maintenance Record
7-1
I
I
IMPORTANT:
KEEP ENGINE OIL
AT THE PROPER
LEVEL AND CHANGEAS
RECOMMENDED
I
I
Introduction
I
Proper vehicle maintenance not only helps to keep your
vehicle in good working condition, but also helps the
environment. All recommended maintenance procedures
are important. Improper vehicle maintenance can even
affect the quality of the air we breathe. Improper fluid
levels or the wrong tire inflation can increase the level
of emissions from your vehicle. To help protect our
environment, and to keep your vehicle in good
condition, please maintain your vehicle properly.
I
Have you purchased the GM Protection Plan? The Plan
supplements your new vehicle warranties. See your
Warranty and Owner Assistance booklet, or your
Buick
dealer for details.
7-2
Your Vehicle and the Environment
How This Section is Organized
The remainder of this section is divided into fiveparts:
“Part A: Scheduled Maintenance Services” shows
what to have done and how often. Some of these
services can be complex,so unless you are technically
qualified and have thenecessary equipment, you should
let your dealer’s service department or anotherqualified
service centerdo these jobs.
Performing maintenance work on a vehicle can
be dangerous. In trying to do some jobs, you can
be seriously injured. Do your own maintenance
work only if you have the required know-how
and the proper tools and equipment for the job.
If you have any doubt, have a qualified
technician do the work.
“Part B: Owner Checks and Services” tells
you what should be checked and when. It also explains
what you can easily do to help keep your vehicle in
good condition.
“Part C: Periodic Maintenance Inspections”
explains important inspectionsthat your dealer’s service
department or anotherqualified service center should
perform.
“Part D: Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
lists some recommended products to help keep your
vehicle properly maintained. These products, or their
equivalents, should be used whether you do thework
yourself or have it done.
“Part E: Maintenance Record” provides a place
for you to record the maintenance performed on your
vehicle. Whenever any maintenance is performed, be
sure to write it down in this part. This will help you
determine when your next maintenance should be done.
In addition, it is good
a
idea to keep your maintenance
receipts. They may be needed to qualify your vehicle for
warranty repairs.
If you are skilledenough to do somework on your
vehicle, you will probably want to get the service
information. See “Service and Owner Publications”in
the Index.
7-3
Part A: Scheduled Maintenance
Services
Using Your Maintenance Schedule
We at General Motors want to help you keep your
vehicle in good working condition. But we don’t know
exactly how you’ll drive it.You may drive very short
distances only a few times a week. Or you may drive
long distances all the time in very hot, dusty weather.
You may use your vehicle in making deliveries. Or
you may drive it towork, to do errands or in many
other ways.
Because of all the different ways people use their
vehicles, maintenance needs vary. You may even need
more frequent checks and replacements than you’ll find
in the schedules in this section. So please read this
section and note how you drive. If you have any
questions on how to keep your vehicle in good
condition, see your dealer.
This part tells you the maintenance services you should
have done and when you should schedule them. If you
go to your dealer for your service needs, you’ll know
that GM-trained and supported service people will
perform the work using genuine GM parts.
The proper fluids and lubricants to use are listed in
Part D. Make sure whoever services your vehicle uses
these. All parts should be replaced and all necessary
repairs done before you or anyone else drives
the vehicle.
This schedule is for vehicles that:
carry passengers and cargo within recommended
limits. You will find these limits on your vehicle’s
Tire-Loading Information label. See“Loading Your
Vehicle” in the Index.
are driven on reasonable road surfaces within legal
driving limits.
0
use the recommended fuel. See “Fuel” in the Index.
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
The services shown in this schedule up to 100,000miles
(166 000 km)should beperformed after 100,000 miles
(166 000 km)at the same intervals. The services shown
at 150,000 miles (240 000 km) should be performed at
the same interval after150,000 miles (240 000 km).
See “Owner Checks and Services” and “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections” following.
Footnotes
? The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the
California Air Resources Board has determined that the
failure toperform this maintenance item will not nullify
the emission warranty or limit recall liability prior to the
completion of the vehicle’s useful life. We, however,
urge that all recommended maintenance services be
performed at the indicated intervals and
the maintenance
be recorded.
* Your vehicle has an Engine Oil Life Monitor. This
monitor will show you when to change the engine oil
and filter -- usually between 3,000 miles (5 000 km)
and 7,500miles (12 500km) since your last oil change.
Under severe conditions,the indicator may come on
before 3,000miles (5 000 km). Never drive your vehicle
more than 7,500 miles (12 500 km) or 12 months
without an oil and filter change.
The system won’t detect dustin the oil. So if you drive
in a dusty area,be sure to change your oil and filter
every 3,000 miles ( 5 000 km) or soonerif the CHANGE
OIL SOON light comes on. Remember to reset the Oil
Life Monitorwhen the oil has been changed. For more
information, see“Change Oil Soon Light” in the Index.
+ A good time to check your brakes is during tire
rotation. See“Brake System Inspection” under “Periodic
Maintenance Inspections’’ in Part C of this schedule.
7-5
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
7,500 Miles (12 500 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,reset monitor. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote +.)
15,000 Miles (25 000 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oiland filter are changed,reset monitor. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *,)
0 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dusty conditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote “f)
0 Replace passenger compartment air filter.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
22,500 Miles (37 500 km)
Cl Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Sewice. (See footnote *.)
7-6
changed,reset monitor. See
MILEAGE
1
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED B Y
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
CI Rotate
tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for
proper
+.)
rotation patternand additional information. (See footnote
30,000 Miles (50 000 km)
0 Check Oil LifeMonitor. If engine oiland filter are changed, resetmonitor. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
0 Replace passenger compartment airfilter.
El Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index forproper
rotation patternand additional information. (See footnote
+.)
I7 Replace air cleanerfilter.
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect fueltank, cap and lines for damage or
leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket
for any damage. Replace partsas needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
37,500 Miles (62 500 km)
0 Check Oil LifeMonitor. If engine oiland filter are changed, resetmonitor. See
“Engine Oil” in the
Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation patternand additional information. (See footnote
+.)
I DATE
I
MILEAGE
DATE
MILEAGE
I
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
45,000 Miles (75 000 km)
0 Check Oil LifeMonitor. If engine oiland filter are changed,reset monitor. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
0 Inspect air cleaner filter if you are driving in dustyconditions. Replace filter if
necessary.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote “F)
0 Replace passenger compartment air filter.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
50,000 Miles (83 000 km)
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperatureregularly reaches 90°F
(32°C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
I f you do not use your vehicle under any of these conditions, the fluid and
filter donot require changing.
7-8
dex.
I MaintenanceSchedule I
52,500 Miles (87 500 km)
Oil”
monitor. See
0 Check Oil LifeMonitor. If engine oil and filter are changed, reset
“Engine
in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation patternand additional information. (See footnote+.)
60,000 Miles (100 000 km)
monitor. See
0 Check Oil LifeMonitor. If engine oil and filter are changed, reset
the
“Engine Oil” in
An Emission Control Sewice. (See footnote *.)
0 Replace passenger compartment air filter.
proper
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote
+.)
0 Inspect engine accessory drive belt.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace air cleaner filter.
An Emission Control Sewice.
Inspect fuel tank, capand lines for damage orleaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket
for any damage. Replace parts as needed.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote?.)
DATE
MILEAGE
DATE
MILEAGE
7-9
I
Maintenance Schedule
I
67,500 Miles (112 500 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,reset monitor. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Sewice. (See footnote*.)
Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
MILEAGE
75,000 Miles (125 000 km)
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine-oil and filter arechanged, reset monitor. See
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
Inspect air cleaner filter if you are drivingin dusty conditions. Replace filter
if necessary.
An Emission Control Sewice. (See footnoteT.)
0 Replace passenger compartment air filter.
0 Rotate tires. See “Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
82,500 Miles (137 500 km)
I DATE
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter arechanged, reset monitor. See
I
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote*.)
7-10
I
DATE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
ACTUAL
MILEAGE
SERVICED BY:
I
SERVICEDBY:
I
I
Maintenance Schedule
I
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
90,000 Miles (150 000 km)
Oil”
0 Check Oil LifeMonitor. If engine oiland filter are changed, reset monitor. See
Index.
“Engine
in the
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0 Replace passenger compartmentair filter.
0 Replace air cleanerfilter.
An Emission Control Service.
Inspect fueltank, cap and lines for damage or leaks. Inspect fuel cap gasket
for any damage. Replace partsas needed.
An Emission Control Sewice. (See footnote?.)
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information.(See footnote +.)
MLLEAGE
97,500 Miles (162 500 km)
Oil”
0 Check Oil Life Monitor. If engine oil and filter are changed,resel .onitor. See
Index.
in the
“Engine
An Emission Control Service. (See footnote *.)
0 Rotate tires. See“Tire Inspection and Rotation” in the Index for proper
rotation pattern and additional information. (See footnote+.)
MILEAGE
I
MaintenanceSchedule
I
100,000 Miles (166 000 km)
Inspect spark plug wires.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Replace spark plugs.
An Emission Control Service.
0 Change automatic transaxle fluid and filter if the vehicle is mainly driven
under one or more of these conditions:
- In heavy city traffic where the outside temperature regularly reaches 90°F
(32 O C) or higher.
- In hilly or mountainous terrain.
- When doing frequent trailer towing.
- Uses such as found in taxi, police or delivery service.
Ifyou donot use your vehicle under any of these conditions,the fluid and
filter donot require changing.
150,000 Miles (240 000 km)
0 Drain, flush and refill cooling system (or every 60 months since last service,
whichever occurs first). See “Engine Coolant’’ inthe Index for what to use.
Inspect hoses. Clean radiator, condenser, pressure cap and neck. Pressure test
the cooling system and pressure cap.
An Emission Control Service.
7-12
DATE
MILEAGE
I
Part B: Owner Checks and Services
Engine Coolant Level Check
Listed below are owner checks and services which
should be performed at the intervals specified to help
ensure the safety, dependability and emission control
performance of your vehicle.
Check the engine coolant leveland add DEX-COOL@
coolant mixtureif necessary. See “Engine Coolant” in
the Index for further details.
Be sure any necessary repairs are completed at once.
Whenever any fluids or lubricants areadded to your
vehicle, make sure they are the proper ones, as
shown
in Part D.
At EachFuel Fill
Windshield Washer Fluid Level Check
Check the windshield washer fluid level inthe
windshield washer tank and add the proper fluidif
necessary. See “Windshield Washer Fluid” in the
Index for further details.
At Least Once a Month
It is important for you ora service station attendant to
pegorm these underhood checks at eachfuel fill.
Tire Inflation Check
Engine Oil Level Check
Make sure tires are inflated to the correct pressures.
See “Tires” in the Index for furtherdetails.
Check the engine oil leveland add the proper oil
if necessary. See “Engine Oil” in the Index for
further details.
Cassette Deck Service
Clean cassette deck.Cleaning should be done every
50 hours of tape play. See “Audio Systems” in the
Index for further details.
7-13
At Least Twice a Year
Automatic Transaxle Check
Restraint System Check
Check the transaxle fluid level; add if needed. See
“Automatic Transaxle” in the Index. A fluid loss
may indicate a problem. Check the system and repair
if needed.
Make sure thesafety belt reminder light and all your
belts, buckles, latch plates, retractors and anchorages are
working properly. If your vehicle has a built-in child
restraint, alsoperiodically make sure the harness straps,
latch plates, buckle, clip, retractorsand anchorages are
working properly. Look for any other loose ordamaged
safety belt and built-in child restraintsystem parts. If
you see anything that might keep a safety belt or built-in
child restraint system from doing its job, have it
repaired. Have any torn or frayed safety belts or harness
straps replaced.
Also look forany opened or broken air bag coverings,
and have them repaired or replaced.(The air bag system
does not need regular maintenance.)
Wiper Blade Check
Inspect wiper blades for wear or cracking.Replace blade
inserts that appear worn or damaged or that streak or
miss areas of the windshield. Also see “Wiper Blades,
Cleaning” in the Index.
7-14
At Least Once aYear
Key Lock Cylinders Service
Lubricate the key lock cylinderswith the lubricant
specified in Part D.
Body Lubrication Service
Lubricate all hinges and latches includingthose for the
body doors, hood, rear compartment, glove box door,
console door and any folding seathardware. Part D tells
you what to use.More frequent lubrication may be
required when exposed to a corrosive environment.
Starter Switch Check
- take-Transaxle Shift Interlock (BTSI) Check
A CAUTION:
A CAUTION:
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly.If it does, youor others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
When you are doing this check, the vehicle could
move suddenly.If it does, you or others could be
injured. Follow the steps below.
1. Before you start, be sureyou have enough room
around the vehicle.
2. Firmly apply both the parking brake (see “Parking
Brake” in theIndex if necessary) and the
regular brake.
NOTE: Do not use the accelerator pedal,and be
ready to turn off the engineimmediately if it starts.
3. Try to start the engine in each gear. The starter
should work only in PARK (P) orNEUTRAL (N).
If the starter works in any other position, your
vehicle needs service.
1. Before you start, be sureyou have enough room
around the vehicle. It should be parked on a
level surface.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake (see “Parking Brake’’
in the Index if necessary).
NOTE: Be ready to apply the regularbrake
immediately if the vehicle begins to
move.
3. With the engine off, turn the key to the RUN
position, but don’tstart the engine. Without applying
the regular brake, try to move the shift lever outof
PARK (P) with normal effort. If the shift lever
moves out of PARK (P), your vehicle’s BTSI
needs service.
7-15
1
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check
While parked, and with the parking brake set, try to turn
the ignition key to LOCK in each shift lever position.
.e The key should turn to LOCK only when the shift
lever is in PARK (P).
The key should come out only in LOCK.
(P)
Parking Brake and Automatic Transaxle PARK
Mechanism Check
Park on a fairly steep hill, with the vehicle facing
downhill. Keeping your foot on the regular brake, set the
parking brake.
To check the parking brake’s holding ability: With
the enginerunning and transaxle in NEUTRAL (N),
slowly remove foot pressurefrom the regular brake
pedal. Do this until the vehicle is held by the parking
brake only.
To check the PARK (P) mechanism’s holding ability:
With the engine running, shift to PARK (P). Then
release all brakes.
Underbody Flushing Service
When you are doing this check, your
vehicle
could begin tomove. You or others could be
injured and property could be damaged. Make
of your vehicle in case
sure there is room in front
it beginsto roll. Be ready to apply the regular
brake atonce should thevehicle begin to move.
7-16
At least every spring, use plain water to flush any
corrosive materials from the underbody. Take care to
clean thoroughly any areas where mud and other debris
can collect.
Part C: Periodic Maintenance
Inspections
cause a heat build-up in the floor pan or could let
exhaust fumes into the vehicle. See “Engine Exhaust’’
in the Index.
Listed below are inspections and services which should be
performed at least twice a year (for instance, each spring
and fall). You should let your dealer’s service department
or other qualijied service center do these jobs. Make sure
any necessary repairs are completedat once.
Proper procedures to perform these servicesmay be
found in a service manual. See “Serviceand Owner
Publications’’ in the Index.
Engine Cooling System Inspection
Steering, Suspension and Front Drive Axle
Boot and Seal Inspection
Inspect the front and rear suspensionand steering
system for damaged, loose ormissing parts, signsof
wear or lackof lubrication. Inspectthe power steering
lines and hoses for proper hook-up, binding, leaks,
cracks, chafing, etc.Clean and then inspect the drive
axle boot seals fordamage, tears or leakage.Replace
seals if necessary.
Exhaust System Inspection
Inspect thecomplete exhaust system. Inspect thebody
near the exhaust system.Look for broken,damaged,
missing or out-of-position parts aswell as open seams,
holes, loose connections or other conditions
which could
Inspect the hoses and havethem replaced if they are
cracked, swollen or deteriorated. Inspect all pipes, fittings
and clamps; replace as needed. Clean the outside
of the
radiator and air conditioning condenser.
To help ensure
proper operation, a pressuretest of the cooling system and
pressure cap is recommended at least once a year.
Throttle System Inspection
Inspect the throttle system for interference
or binding, andfor
damaged or missing parts. Replace parts as needed. Replace
any components that have high effort or excessive Do
wear.
not lubricate accelerator and cruise control cables.
Brake System Inspection
Inspect the complete system. Inspect brake lines and hoses
for proper hook-up, binding, leaks, cracks, chafing, etc.
Inspect disc brake pads for wear and rotorsfor surface
condition. Also inspect drum brake liningsfor wear and
cracks. Inspect other brake parts, including drums, wheel
cylinders, calipers, parkingbrake, etc. Check parking
brake adjustment.You may need to have your brakes
inspected more oftenif your driving habitsor conditions
result in frequent braking.
7-17
Part D: Recommended Fluids
and Lubricants
NOTE: Fluids and lubricants identified below by name,
part number or specification may be obtained from
your dealer.
USAGE
FLUIDLUBRICANT
Engine Oil
Engine Oil with the American
Petroleum Institute Certified For
Gasoline Engines “Starburst”
symbol of the proper viscosity. To
determine the preferred viscosity
for your vehicle’s engine, see
“Engine Oil” in the Index.
Engine Coolant
Hydraulic Brake
System
7-18
50/50 mixture of clean water
(preferably distilled) and use only
GM Goodwrench@ DEX-COOL@
or Havoline@ DEX-COOL@
Coolant. See “Engine Coolant’’ in
the Index.
Delco Supreme 11 Brake Fluid
(GM Part No. 12377967 or
equivalent DOT-3 Brake Fluid).
I
USAGE
FLUID/LUBRICANT
Power Steering
System
GM Power Steering Fluid (GM
Part No. 1052884 - 1 pint,
1050017 - 1 quart, or equivalent).
Automatic
Transaxle
DEXRON@-111Automatic
Transmission Fluid.
Key Lock
Cylinders
Multi-Pu ose Lubricant,
Superlube% (GM Part
No. 12346241 or equivalent).
Windshield
Washer Solvent
GM Optikleen@Washer Solvent
(GM Part No. 1051515) or
equivalent.
Hood Latch
Assembly,
Secondary Latch,
Pivots, Spring
Anchor and
Release Pawl
Lubriplate@Lubricant Aerosol
(GM Part No. 12346293 or
equivalent) or lubricant meeting
requirements of NLGI # 2,
Category LB or GC-LB.
Hood and Door
Hinges
Multi-Pu ose Lubricant,
Superlube’$ (GM Part No.
12346241 or equivalent).
Weatherstrip
Conditioning
Dielectric Silicone Grease (GM
Part No. 12345579 or equivalent).
@
Part E: Maintenance Record
After the scheduled services are performed,record the
date, odometer reading and who performed the service
in the boxes provided after themaintenance interval.
Any additional information from “Owner Checks and
Services” or“Periodic Maintenance” can be added on
the followingrecord pages. Also,you should retain all
maintenance receipts. Your owner information portfolio
is a convenient place to store them.
7-19
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-20
ODOMETER
READING
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
7-21
Maintenance Record
DATE
7-22
ODOMETER
RE * 9ING
~
SRVICED BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
Maintenance Record
SERVICED BY
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
7-23
Maintenance Record
ODOMETER
SERVICED
READING
7-24
I
BY
I
MAINTENANCE
PERFORMED
(@
Section 8 CustomerAssistanceInformation
Here you will find outhow to contact Buickif you need assistance. This sectionalso tells you how to obtain service
publications andhow to reportany safety defects.
8-2
8-4
8-5
8-5
8-6
8-7
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Customer Assistance forText
Telephone (TTY) Users
Roadside Assistance
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Courtesy Transportation
GM Participationin an Alternative Dispute
Resolution Program
8-8
8-8
8-9
8-9
8-9
Warranty Information
Reporting Safety Defects to the United
States Government
Reporting SafetyDefects to the
Canadian Government
Reporting Safety Defects to General
Motors
Ordering Serviceand Owner Publications
in Canada
Buick dealers have the facilities, trained technicians and
up-to-date information to promptly address any
concerns you may have.However, if a concern has not
been resolved to your complete satisfaction, take the
following steps:
STEP ONE -- Discuss your concern with a member
of dealership management. Normally, concerns can
be quickly resolved at that level. If the matter has
already been reviewed with the sales, service or parts
manager, contact the owner of the dealership or the
general manager.
8-2
STEP TWO -- If after contacting a member of
dealership management, it appears your concern cannot
be resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the Buick Customer Relations Center by calling
1-800-521-7300. In Canada, contact GM of Canada
Customer Communication Centre in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777 (English) or 1-800-263-7854 (French).
0
In the U.S. Virgin Islands: 1-800-496-9994
0
In the Dominican Republic: 1-800-75 1-4135
(English) or 1-800-75 1-4 136 (Spanish)
0
In the Bahamas: 1-800-389-0009
In Bermuda, Barbados, Antigua and the British
Virgin Islands: 1-800-534-0122
For help outsideof the United States and Canada, call
the following numbers as appropriate:
0
In Mexico: (525) 625-3256
0
In Puerto Rico: 1-800-496-9992 (English) or
1-800-496-9993 (Spanish)
In all other Caribbean countries: { 809) 763- 1315
0
In other overseas locations, call GM Overseas
Distribution Corporationin Canada at:
(905) 644-4 112.
8-3
For prompt assistance, please have the following
information available to give theCustomer
Assistance Representative:
Your name, address, home and business
telephone numbers
Vehicle Identification Number (This is available
from the vehicle registration or title, or the plate at
the top leftof the instrument panel and visible
through the windshield.)
Dealership name and location
Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
Nature of concern
We encourage you to call us so we can give your inquiry
prompt attention. However, if you wish to write
Buick, address your inquiry to:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
In Canada, write to:
General Motors of Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7
8-4
Refer to your Warranty and Owner Assistance
Information booklet for addresses of GM
Overseas offices.
When contacting Buick, please remember that your
concern will likely be resolved in the dealership, using
the dealer’s facilities, equipment and personnel. That
is why we suggest you follow Step Onefirst if you
have a concern.
Customer Assistance forText
Telephone (TTY) Users
To assist customers who are deaf,hard of hearing, or
speech-impaired and who use Text Telephones (TTYs),
Buick has TTY equipment available at its Customer
Assistance Center. Any TTY user can communicate with
Buick by dialing: 1-800-83-BUICK. (TTY users in
Canada can dial 1-800-263-3830.)
Roadside Assistance
Our commitment to Buick owners has always included
superior service through our network of over 2,800 Buick
dealers. Buick Premium Roadside Assistance provides an
extra measure of convenience and security.
BUICK PREMIUM ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE:
Buick Motor Division is proud to offer Buick Premium
Roadside Assistance to customers for vehicles covered
under the 3 year/36,000 mile (60 000 km) new car
warranty (whichever occurs first).
0
Provides owners with access to minor repairs or
towing for disabled vehicles. Although Roadside
Assistance is not a repairfacility, it is a means of
assisting customers in an emergency situation.
0
Takes the anxiety out of uncertain situations by
providing easy access to serviceprofessionals trained
to work with Buick owners, 24 hours a day, 365 days
a year, including weekends and holidays.
For details on Buick Premium Roadside Assistance,
please consultyour Buick Premium Roadside Assistance
owner booklet included with your owner’s manual. For
needed assistance, call the Buick Premium Roadside
Assistance toll-free hotline: 1-800-252- 1112.
Canadian Roadside Assistance
Vehicles purchased in Canada have an extensive
Roadside Assistance program accessible fromanywhere
in Canada or the United States. Please refer to the
separate brochureprovided by the dealeror call
1-800-268-6800 for emergency services.
Courtesy Transportation
To Buick Motor Division, Quality Means Service -- and
service means “keeping you on the road.”
Included with your Buick new car warranty
(3 years/36,000 miles (60 000 km), whichever occurs
first), isCourtesy Transportation, a program which
will provide Buick retail and lease customers with:
Reimbursement toward a loaner vehicle, courtesy
of Buick Motor Division, up to $30 aday (five
days maximum) for vehicles requiring overnight
warranty repairs. Also, reimbursement up to $30 a
day (five days maximum) may be available for the
cost of a rental car, bus or even a cab.
A free one-way shuttle ride orvehicle pick-up from a
location up to 10 miles (16 km)from the dealership
is available for thosewhose vehicle only requires
same day warranty repairs.
NOTE: All Courtesy Transportation arrangements
will be administered by your Buick dealer
service management.
Courtesy Transportation is Buick’s way of extending the
Premium Service you’ve come to expect from Buick
and its over 2,800 dealers. Please review the Courtesy
Transportation glove box card contained in your vehicle
or consult your Buick dealer fordetails.
Because of uncertain availability, it isfrequently not
possible to provide customers with the same model
loaner vehicle (including optional equipment) as the
vehicle the customer owns or leases and has brought in
for warranty repair. If a loaner vehicle is required, please
consult your dealership for complete program details
and loaner caravailability in your area.
Some stateinsurance regulations make it impractical
to rent vehicles to people under 21 years of age. If you
are under 21 and have difficulty renting a vehicle, Buick
will reimburse you up to $30/day, for any documented
transportation you receive. Please consult your dealer
for details.
For warranty repairs during the Complete Vehicle
Coverage period in the New Vehicle Limited Warranty,
interim transportation may be availableunder the
Courtesy Transportation program. Please consult your
dealer fordetails. The Courtesy Transportation program
is available only in the United States and Canada.
In Canada, please consult your GM dealer for
information on Courtesy Transportation.
Buick reserves the right to make any changes or
discontinue the Courtesy Transportation program at
any time without notification.
GM Participation in an Alternative
Dispute Resolution Program
This program is available in all 50 states and the District
of Columbia. Canadian owners refer to your Warranty
and Owner Assistance Informationbooklet for
information on the Canadian Motor Vehicle Arbitration
Plan (CAMVAP). General Motors reserves the right to
change eligibility limitations and/or to discontinueits
participation in this program.
Both Buick and your Buick dealer are committed
to making sure you are completely satisfied with
your new vehicle. Our experiencehas shown that,
if a situation arises where you feel your concern
has not been adequately addressed, the Customer
Satisfaction Procedure described earlierin this
section is very successful.
There may be instances where an impartial third party
can assist in arriving at a solution to a disagreement
regarding vehicle repairs orinterpretation of the New
Vehicle Limited Warranty. To assist in resolving these
disagreements, Buick voluntarily participates in BBB
AUTO LINE.
BBB AUTO LINE is an out-of-court program
administered by the Better Business Bureau system to
settle automotive disputes. Thisprogram is available
free of charge to customers who currently own or lease a
GM vehicle.
If you are not satisfied after following theCustomer
Satisfaction Procedure,you may contact the BBB using
the toll-free telephone number, or write them at the
following address:
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc.
4200 Wilson Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, VA 22203- 1804
Telephone: 1-800-955-5 100
To file a claim,you will be asked to provide your name
and address, your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
and a statementof the nature of your complaint.
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age and mileage, and
other factors.
8-7
We prefer you utilize the Customer Satisfaction
Procedure before you resort to AUTO LINE, but you
may contact the BBB at any time. The BBB will attempt
to resolve the complaint serving as an intermediary. If
this mediation is unsuccessful, an informal hearing will
be scheduled where eligible customers may present their
case to an impartial third-party arbitrator.
The arbitrator will make a decision which you may
accept or reject. If you accept the decision, GM will be
bound by that decision. The entire disputeresolution
procedure should ordinarily take about 40days from the
time you file a claim until decision
a
is made.
Some state laws may require you to use this program
before filing a claimwith a state-run arbitration program
or in the courts. For further information, contact the
BBB at 1-800-955-5100 or the Buick Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-521 -7300.
Warranty Information
Your vehicle comes with a separatewarranty booklet
that contains detailed warranty information.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle has a defectwhich could
cause a crash orcould cause injury or death,you should
immediately inform the National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration (NHTSA), in addition to
notifying General Motors.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, itmay open an
investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in
a group of vehicles, it may order arecall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or
General Motors.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety
Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation
Washington, D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
8-8
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada, and you believe that your vehicle
has a safety defect,you should immediatelynotify
Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General
Motors of Canada Limited.You may write to:
Transport Canada
Box 8880
Ottawa, OntarioK l G 352
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
TO GENERAL MOTORS
In Canada, please callus at 1-800-263-3777 (English)
or 1-800-263-7854 (French). Or, write:
General Motorsof Canada Limited
Customer Communication Centre, 163-005
1908 Colonel Sam Drive
Oshawa, OntarioL1H 8P7
Ordering Service and Owner
Publications in Canada
Service manuals, owner’s manuals
and other service
literature are available for purchase for
all current and
past model General Motors vehicles.
The toll-free telephone number for ordering information
in Canada is 1-800-668-5539.
In addition to notifyingNHTSA (or Transport Canada)
in a situation like this,we certainly hope you’llnotify
us. Please call us at 1-800-521-7300, or write:
Buick Motor Division
Customer Relations Center
902 E. Hamilton Avenue
Flint, MI 48550
8-9
1998 BUCK SERVICE PUBLICATIONS ORDERING INFORMATION
The following publications covering the operation and servicing
of your vehicle canbe purchased by filling out
the Service Publication Order Form in this book and mailing
it in with your check, money order,
or credit card information to Helm, Incorporated (address below.)
CURRENT PUBLICATIONS FOR 1998 BUCK
SERVICE MANUALS
Service Manuals have the diagnosis
and repair information
on engines, transmission, axle, suspension, brakes,
electrical, steering, body, etc.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $90.00
OWNER’S INFORMATION
Owner publicationsare written directly for Ownersand
intended to provide basic operational information about
the
vehicle. The owner’s manual will include the Maintenance
Schedule for all models.
TRANSMISSION, TRANSAXLE, TRANSFER CASE
UNIT REPAIR MANUAL
This manual providesinformation on unit repair service
procedures, adjustmentsand specifications for the
1998 GM transmissions, transaxles and transfer cases.
RETAIL SELL PRICE:$40.00
In-Portfolio: Includes a Portfolio,Owner’s Manual and
Warranty Booklet.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $15.00
SERVICE BULLETINS
Service Bulletins givetechnical service information needed
to knowledgeably serviceGeneral Motors cars and trucks.
Each bulletin containsinstructions to assist in the
diagnosis and service of your vehicle.
Without Portfolio: Owner’s Manual only.
RETAIL SELL PRICE: $10.00
CURRENT & PAST MODEL ORDER FORMS
Service Publications are available for current and past
model GM vehicles.To request an order form, please
specify year and model name
of the vehicle.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE ORDER FORM SHOWN ON OR ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-782-4356
THE FOLLOWING PAGE AND MAIL TO:
Monday-Friday 8:OO AM - 6:OO PM Eastern Time
Helm, Incorporated P.O. Box 07130 Detroit, MI 48207
For Credit Card Orders Only(VISA4asterCarcCDiscover)
ORDER TOLL FREE
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holders Only)
1-800-782-4356
(Monday-Friday 8:OO AM - 6:OO PM EST)
FAX Orders Only 1-31 3-865-5927
: II
9
PUBLICATION FORM
NUMBER
I
Orders will be mailed within 10 days of receipt. Please allow ade
service. If further information is needed, write to the address
1-800-782-4356.Material cannot be returnedfor credit without packing slip with return
information within 30 days of delivery. On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied
against
the original
order.
-
~9
i8
‘G
MI
$90.00
1998
$40.00
Owner’s Manual In Portfolio
1998
$15.00
Owner’s Manual Without Portfolio
1998
$10.00
I
r
T
0
NOTE: Dealers and Companies
please providedealer or company name, and also
the
name ofthe person towhose attention the shipment shouldbe sent.
Mail completedorder form to:
HELM, INCORPORATED P.O. Box 07130 Detroit, MI 48207
For purchases outsideU.S.A. please write to the aboveaddress for quotation.
(ATTENTION)
(STREET ADDRESS-NO P.O. BOX NUMBERS)
(CITY)
(STATE)
DAYTIME
TELEPHONE
NO.
(ZIP CODE)
0
AREA CODE
GM-BUI-ORDW
1
1998
I
(CUSTOMER’S NAME)
1 YEAR
*(Prices are subjecttochangewithout noticeand without incurring
obligation. Allow ample timefor delivery.)
I
-
TOTAL
PRICE
PRICE
EACH*
QTY’
Service Manual
Car & Light Truck
Transmission Unit Repair
I
S
H
I
P
VEHICLE MODEL
NAME
ITEM DESCRIPTION
I
I
I
TOTAL MATERIAL
Order
payable
to
Helm,
Inc. (USA funds
only do not send cash.)
P
A
Mastercard
Y c]VISA
M n
UDiscover
E Number:
N Expiration
Date mo/yr:
T
Michigan
Purchasers
add 6% sales
tax
U.S. Order Processing
I
[I
ml
1
-
Checkhere if your billing address
is different from your shipping
address shown.
CUSTOMER SIGNATURE
Note to Canadian Customers:All listed pricesare quoted in U.S. funds. Canadian residents
are to make checks payablein U S . funds. To cover Canadian postage, add$11.50 plus the
U S . order processing.
I
,@% NOTES
8-12
.
Section 9 Index
Adding Equipment to the Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . 6-3
Air Bag
How Does it Restrain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
1-2 1
How it Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
Readiness Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-20. 2-54
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-25
1-19
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
What Makes it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Will You See After it Inflates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
When Should it Inflate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
Aircleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
3.3.3.6.3.9
Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-62
Air Conditioning Refrigerants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2- 12
Alarm. Instant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-42
Alignment and Balance. Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-49
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AM-FM Stereo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 12
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape and Compact Disc Player
with Automatic Tone Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-25
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player . . . . . . . . . . . 3-14
AM-FM Stereo with Cassette Tape Player and Automatic
3-17
ToneControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AM-FM Stereo with Compact Disc Player and Automatic
ToneControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-21
Antenna
Backglass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-36
FixedMast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-35
Y
Antifreeze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Anti-Lock
Brake System Active Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-57 4-9
Brake System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.56.4.7
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9
Anti.Theft. Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-30
Appearance Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
6-54
Appearance Care Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Arbitration Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Armrest. Front Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Armrest. Rear Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
2-48
Ashtrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
Astroroof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio Controls. Steering Wheel Touch Control . . . . . . . 3-32
3-34
Audio Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
Audio Systems. Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-33
Auto-Down Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-32
Automatic
2-41
Headlamp Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive (0)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Power Door Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Transaxlecheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Transaxle Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-17
2-22
Transaxle Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transaxle Park Mechanism Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
Auxiliary Power Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
9-1
Back-up Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-29
Jump Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Replacement. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 13
Rundown Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-45
5-3.5-5
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BBBAutoLine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Better Business Bureau Mediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Blizzard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Brake
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-29
Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-26
Master Cylinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-26
Parking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-26
6-29
PedalTravel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-29
Replacing System Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-55
System Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-34
Transaxle Shift Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.23. 2-29
Transaxle Shift Interlock Check. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7- 15
Wear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-28
4-7
Brakes. Anti-Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
Braking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9
Braking in Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Break-In. NewVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
BTSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.23. 2-29
BTSICheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-15
Built-in Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-37
Built-in Child Restraint. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-46
Built-in Child Restraint Harness. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
6-30
BulbReplacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-2
Canadian RoadsideAssistance ....................
8-5
Capacities and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-61
Carbon Monoxide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14.2.30.4.27. 4.34
Cassette Deck Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
CassetteTapePlayer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.16.3.19.3.27
3-34
Cassette Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cassette Tape Player Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.16.3.20.3.27
2-50
Cellular Phone Provisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Center High-Mounted Stoplanlp Bulb Replacement . . . . 6-34
1-26
Center Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Certification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Chains.Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Chains.Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
Change Oil SoonLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.64.6.14.7.5
HowtoReset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Changing a Flat Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-26
Charging System Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-55
Checking Your Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-68
Chemical Paint Spotting
6-53
.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ChildRestraints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-52
Built-in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37
Securing i n a Rear Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . 1-58
Securing in the Center Rear Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-60
Securing in the Right Front Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . 1-62
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-57
1-56
WheretoPut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CigaretteLighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
6-54
Circuit Breakers and Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaner,Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
.
~~
~
Cleaning
6-52
Aluminum Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-49
Built-in Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Built-in Child Restraint Harness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Glass Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Inside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
6-49
Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Plastic Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
6-48
Leather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-51
Outside of Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-48
Stains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-52
6-48
Vinyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-49
Windshield and Wiper Blades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Cleaning Exterior Lampskenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5 1
Clock, Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3- 12
3-2
Comfort Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compact Disc Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-35
3-23, 3-29
Compact Disc Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compact Disc Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-35
Compact Disc Player Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24, 3-29
5-37
Compact Spare Tire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control, Lossof . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-13
4-6
Control of a Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Convex Outside Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Coolant
5-23
Bleedvalves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RecoveryTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
. . . 2-20
Coolant Heater. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-18
2-43
Courtesy Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-6
Courtesy Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-37
Cruise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-65
CruiseLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cupholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-47
Customer Assistance for Text Telephone Users . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Customer Assistance Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
Customer Satisfaction Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-2
Damage. Finish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
Damage. Sheet Metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-50
Daytime Running Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-41
Dead Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3
Defects. Reporting Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-8
4-2
Defensive Driving. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defogger. Rear Wlndow .........................
3-11
Defogging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.3.6. 3.9
Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4.3.6.3.9
Delayed Entry Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-43
Delayed Exit Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Dimensions.Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-60
Dolby@B Noise Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.17.3.21. 3.28
Dome Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4
Door/Trunk Ajar Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
DriverPosition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-11
9-3
Driving
4-19
City . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defensive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
4-3
Drunken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-20
Freeway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-26
InaBlizzard .................................
6-5
In Foreign Countries ...........................
IntheRain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Night . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
OnCurves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9
On Grades While Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
4-22
On Hill and Mountain Roads ....................
On Snow or Ice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Through Deep Standing Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Wet Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4- 16
Winter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-35
4-3
Drunken Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dual Automatic ComforTemp Climate Control . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Dual ComforTemp Climate Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
n
blectrical Equipment. Adding . . . . . 2.20.2.49.3.34.
6-55
Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-55
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
6-9
Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-20
Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coolant Heater ...............................
2-20
Coolant Level Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7- 13
2-59
Coolant Temperature Gage .....................
Coolant Temperature Light .....................
2-58
Exhaust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-55
9-4
OilLevelCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-13
Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-15
2-31
Running While Parked .........................
6-59
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-19
Starting Your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
EngineOil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-14
6-11
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14
Used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Kind to Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
6-14
Whentochange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4
Ethanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhaust, Engine ................................
2-30
Exterior Lamps .................................
2-40
Fabric Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-45
6-5
FillingYourTank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter. Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
Filter. Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14
Filter. Passenger Compartment Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
6-51
Finishcare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Finish Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
First Gear. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
5-2
Flashers. Hazard Warning .........................
5-26
Flat Tire. Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-18
6-5..
Foreign Countries. Fuel ...........................
FrenchLanguageManual ...........................
11
Front Parking and Turn Signal Lamp Bulb Replacement 6-34
2-47
Front Storage Armrest ...........................
FrontTowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Fuel ..........................................
6-3
6.3. 6.5
Canadian ................................
FillingYourTank ..............................
6-6
2-66
Gage .......................................
In Foreign Countries ...........................
6-5
Fuses and Circuit Breakers .......................
6-56
Gages
Engine Coolant Temperature ....................
2-59
Fuel .......................................
2-66
GAWR .......................................
4-29
Gear Positions. Automatic Transaxle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
GloveBox ....................................
2-47
Gross Axle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-29
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating . . . . . . . . . .:. . . . . . . . . . .4-29..
11
Guide en Fransais .................................
GVWR .......................................
4-29
6-30
Halogen Bulbs ................................
5-2
Hazard Warning Flashers ..........................
1-5
HeadRestraints .................................
Headlamps
Aiming .....................................
6-31
6-3 1
Bulb Replacement ............................
Flash-to-Pass ................................
2-35
2-34
High/Low Beam Changer ......................
2-40
@Reminder ................................
Wiring .....................................
6-56
Hearing Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Heated Foldaway Outside Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Heating ................................
3.4.3.6.3.9
2-34
High-BeamHeadlamps ..........................
Highway Hypnosis ..............................
Hill and Mountain Roads .........................
Hitches. Trailer .................................
Hood
Checking Things Under .........................
Release ......................................
Horn .........................................
Hydroplaning ..................................
4-22
4-22
4-34
6-7
6-8
2-32
4-18
2-17
Ignition Positions ..............................
7-16
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check ....................
2-43
Illuminated Entry ...............................
6-39
Inflation. Tire ..................................
Inside Daymight Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Inspections
7-17
Brakesystem ................................
7-17
ExhaustSystems .............................
7-17
Front Drive Axle Boot .........................
FrontDriveAxleSeal .........................
7-17
Radiator and Heater Hose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-17
7-17
Steering ....................................
7-17
Suspension ..................................
ThrottleSystem ..............................
7-17
2-51
InstrurnentPanel ...............................
Cleaning ....................................
6-46
2-52
Cluster .....................................
6-56
Fuse Block ..................................
Instrument Panel Brightness Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
InteriorLamps .................................
2-43
.. . . . . . . . . 5.26.5.28.5.30.5.31.5-32.
Jack.Tire
Jump Starting ...................................
5.33
5-3
9-5
K e y Lock Cylinders Service .....................
Key Reminder Warning ..........................
Keys ..........................................
7-14
2- 15
2-2
Labels
Certification .................................
4-29
6-53
Service Parts Identification .....................
Tire-Loading Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-28
Vehicle Identification Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-53
Lamps
Courtesy ....................................
2-43
2-45
Dome ......................................
Interior .....................................
2-43
2-44
Reading. Rearview Mirror ......................
2-9
Leaving Your Vehicle .............................
Leaving Your Vehicle with the Engine Running . . . . . . . 2-28
2-48
Lighter .......................................
Liihts
Air Bag Readiness .............. . . . . . . . . . 1.20.2.54
Anti-Lock Brake System Active . . . . . . . . . . .. . 2.57.4.9
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning . ......... . . 2.56.4.7
Brake System Warning.......... . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 2-55
Change Oil Soon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......... . . . . . . 2-64
ChargingSystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 2-55
Cruise .......................
. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 2-65
Door/Trunk Ajar Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Engine Coolant Temperature Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Interior ....................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-43
Low Coolant Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.59.6.22
LowFuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 2-66
9-6
.......................... 2.63. 6. 10
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-58
Low Washer Fluid Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.36.2.65
2-62
Oil Warning .................................
Safety Belt Reminder ...................... 1.6.2.54
2-64
Security ....................................
2-59
ServiceEngineSoon ..........................
Service Vehicle Soon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-65
Loading Your Vehicle ...........................
4-28
Low Oil Level
Low Traction
Locks
Cylinders ...................................
7-14
DelayedLocking ..............................
2-8
Door ........................................
2-4
Ignition Transaxle Lock Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-16
7-14
Key Lock Cylinder Service .....................
Lockout Protection Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
ManualDoor .................................
2-4
PowerDoor ..................................
2-5
Programmable Automatic Power Door . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Rear-Door Child Security .......................
2-6
2-15
T r ~ n k......................................
2-32
Window ....................................
Loss of Control ................................
4-13
Low Coolant Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-59. 6-22
2-66
LowFuelLight ................................
2-63. 6-10
Low Oil Level Light .......................
Low Traction Light .............................
2-58
Low Washer Fluid Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36. 2-65
Low-Beam Headlamps ..........................
2-34
7-18
Lubricants and Fluids ............................
Lubrication Service. Body ........................
7-14
.
Magnetic Variable Effort Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-9
Maintenance. Normal Replacement Parts . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-62
7- 19
Maintenance Record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-5
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7- 1
How it’sOrganized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
7- 13
Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7- 17
Scheduled Maintenance Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Your Vehicle and the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Maintenance Schedule. Recommended
Fluids and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7- 18
Maintenance. Underbody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Maintenance When Trailer Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
2-59
Malfunction Indicator Lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual
2-4
DoorLocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
FrontSeat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual Single Zone Climate Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2
Methanol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
2-45
Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Convex Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-47
Electrochromic Daymight Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46
2-47
Heated Foldaway Outside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inside Daymight Rearview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-45
2-46
Power Outside Foldaway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
VisorVanity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
6-4
MMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MountainRoads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-33
TM
N e t . Trunk Convenience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Neutral. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
New Vehicle “Break-In’’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nightvision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-48
2-23
2-17
4-15
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Odometer. Trip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
Off-Road Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Oil, Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Oil Life Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-14. 7-5
Oil Warning Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-62
2-50
OnStar System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overdrive.
Automatic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-24
Overheated Engine Protection Operating Mode . . . . . . . 5-15
Overheating Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Owner Checks and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-13
Owner Publications. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-10
(a)
P a i n t Spotting. Chemical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
Park
2-22
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shifting Into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Shifting Out of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Parking
AtNight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-15
Brake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-26
Brake Mechanism Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-16
Lots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Over Things That Burn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-30
4-37
With a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-7
Passenger Compartment Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 16
Passing . . g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
PASS-Key I1 ................................. 2-16
Periodic Maintenance Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-17
Power
Auxiliary Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-49
DoorLocks ...................................
2-5
Option Fuses ................................
6-56
Retained Accessory ...........................
2-45
Seat (Six-Way) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9
6-24
Steering Fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Windows ...................................
2-32
2-46
Outside Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-18
Pregnancy, Use of Safety Belts ....................
Problems on the Road ............................
5-1
Publications, Service and Owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8- 10
Publications. Service and Owner. Ordering in Canada . . . 8-9
.
......
Radiator.Coolant
Adding
*--.-. . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
Radiator Pressure Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Radio Reception . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-33
Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-12
Rain. Driving In ................................
4-16
4- 18
Rainy Weather Tips .............................
Reading Lamps. Rearview Mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Rear
Door Child Security Locks ......................
2-6
Outside Seat Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-28
1-3 1
Safety Belt Comfort Guides .....................
Seatpassengers ...,..,,...................... l-27
.
f
9-8
.
l
..
5- 13
Towing .....................................
WindowDefogger ............................
3-11
Rear Storage Armrest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
Rearview Mirror ......................
2-44.2-45. 2-46
Electrochromic Daymight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-46
Inside Daymight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
2-44
ReadingLamps ..............................
1-4
Reclining Front Seatbacks .........................
5-19
Recovery Tank. Coolant ..........................
Refrigerants. Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-60
Remote
Activation Illumination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
2-9
KeylessEntry .................................
Keyless Entry Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Keyless Entry Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Replacement. Bulbs ............................. 6-61
6-60
Replacement. Parts ..............................
Replacement. Wheel ............................
6-42
Reporting Safety Defects ..........................
8-8
Restraints
Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-68
1-5
Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Parts After a Crash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-68
7-14
Systemcheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restraints. Child ................................
1-52
Reverse. Automatic Transaxle ....................
2-23
Right Front Passenger Position ....................
1-19
Roadside Assistance ..............................
8-5
Roadside Assistance. Canadian .....................
8-5
Rocking YourVehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-38
Rotation. Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-38
Safety Belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-11
Center Passenger Position ......................
1-26
Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-34
Driver Position ...............................
1- 11
1-68
Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1- 11
How to Wear Properly .........................
1-14, 1-66
Incorrect Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LapBelt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-26
1- 11, 1-28. 1-65
Lap-Shoulder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-65
Larger Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
Questions and Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3 1
Rear Comfort Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
1-27
Rear Seat Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reminder Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6. 2-54
1-68
Replacing After a Crash ........................
Right Front Passenger Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1- 19
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1- 13
Smaller Children and Babies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-34
Use During Pregnancy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-18
WhyTheyWork ...............................
1-7
Safety Belts. Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-49
Safety Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-34
8-8
Safety Defects. Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...
Safety Warnings and Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Scheduled Maintenance Services ....................
7-4
Seatback
1-4
Reclining Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Seats
ManualFront . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Restraint Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1- 1
Seatcontrols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Securing a Child Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.40. 1-47
Six-WayPower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Two-WayManual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Second Gear. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
Security Feedback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-11
2-64
SecurityLight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Security System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
6-2
Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-10
Bulletins. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Soon Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-59
Manuals. Ordering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-10
Parts Identification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-55
Publications. Ordering .........................
8-10
Work. Doing Your Own .........................
6-2
Service and Appearance Care ......................
6-1
Service Vehicle Soon Light .......................
2-65
Servicing Your Air Bag-Equipped Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
Sheet Metal Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-53
ShiftLever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
Shifting
Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
2-27
Intopark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-29
OutofPark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Shoulder Belt Height Adjuster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Signaling Turns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-34
Six-WayPower Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Skidding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Sound Equipment. Adding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-34
Spare Tire. Compact . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-37
Specifications and Capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Specifications. Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-59
Speech Impaired. Customer Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
2-53
Speedometer ...................................
Stains. Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-47
9-9
Starter Switch Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7- 15
Starting Your Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Steam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5- 16
Steering
in Emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4- 10
Magnetic VariableEffort
...................... 4-9
4-9
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TILT-WHEELTM..............................
2-33
Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9
Steering Wheel Touch Controls. Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-32
Storage Compartments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-47
6-30
Storage. Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stuck: In Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-38
2-49
SunVisors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v
Symbols.Vehicle ..................................
Synchronization. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 14
Tail/Stop/Turn Signal Lamp Bulb Replacement . . . . . . 6-35
3-34
Tape Player Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TemperatureControl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.3.5.3.7.3.8
Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
Theft-Deterrent Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-30
Theft-Deterrent System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2- 16
THEFTLOCK" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-30
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-23
Third Gear. Automatic Transaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
TILT-WHEELTM AdjustableSteering Column . . . . . . . . 2-33
Time. Setting the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3- 12
Tire-Loading Information Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Tires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-38
6-44
Alignment and Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BuyingNew . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-42
Chains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6- 46
9-10
Changing a Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-50
Compact Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-37
Inflation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-37
Inflation Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-13
Inspection and Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-40
Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-37
Storing the Flat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-35
5-36
Storing the Spare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-44
Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-43
Traction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Treadwear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-43
6-43
Uniform Quality Grading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wear Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-41
6-44
Wheel Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
When It's Time for New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-39
1-57
TopStrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TorqueLock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-29
5.34.6.38
Torque. Wheel Nut .........................
4-30
Towing a Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Towing Your Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Trailer
Backingup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Driving on Grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
Driving with . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Engine Cooling When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Following Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
4-34
Hitches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
If You Decide to Pull A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-31
4-38
Maintenance When Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MakingTurns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-36
4-37
Parking on Hills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passing .....................................
4-35
Safety Chains ................................
4-34
Tongueweight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
4-33
Total Weight on Tires ..........................
4-30
Towing .....................................
4-36
Turnsignals .................................
Weight .....................................
4-32
When You Are Readyto Leave After Parking ona Hill 4-37
6-17
Transaxle Fluid .................................
Transmitters. Remote Keyless Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9. 2-12
Transportation.Courtesy ..........................
8-6
4-21
Trip. Before Leaving on a Long ....................
2-53
Trip Odometer .................................
2-14
Trunk ........................................
Lock .......................................
2-15
2-48
Trunk Convenience Net ..........................
Trunk Lid Applique Bulb Replacement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-36
8-4
TTYUsers .....................................
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
Turn Signal On Chime ...........................
2-34
Turn Signal/Multifunction Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-33
Turn Signals When Towinga Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
2-42
TwilightSentinel ...............................
1-2
Two-way Manualseat ...........................
Underbody Flushing Service .....................
7-16
6-53
UnderbodyMaintenance .........................
Underhood Electrical Center (Passenger’s Side) . . . . . . . 6-59
Vehicle
Control ......................................
Damagewarnings ..............................
4-6
iv
Dimensions .................................
Identification Number .........................
Loading ....................................
Storage .....................................
Symbols .......................................
Ventilation System ..............................
VisorVanity Mirrors ............................
Visors. Sun ....................................
6-60
6-55
4-28
6-30
v
3-10
2-49
2-49
5-2
w a r n i n g Devices ...............................
Warning Lights. Gages and Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-53
8-8
Warranty Information .............................
Washing Your Vehicle ...........................
6-48
6-50
Weatherstrips ..................................
Wheel
6-42
Alignment ..................................
5.34.6.38
NutTorque .............................
Replacement .................................
6-42
6-43
Used Replacement ............................
2-32
WindowLock ..................................
2-32
Windows .....................................
2-32
Auto-Down .................................
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
2-36
WindshieldWasher .............................
2.36.6.25
Fluid ..................................
Fluid Level Check ............................
7-13
Windshield Wipers ..............................
2-35
BladeReplacement ...........................
6-38
6-56
Fuses ......................................
Winter Driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-24
Wiper Blade Check .............................
7-14
Wiring. Headlamp ..............................
6-54
5-8
WreckerTowing .................................
9-11
Service Station Checkpoints
WINDSHIELD
WASHER FLUID
REMOTE POSITIVE
BATERY TERMINAL
P5-5
TI RES
ENGINE OIL
DIPSTICK
P6-11
SECONDARY
HOOD RELEASE
P6-8
ENGINECOO~ANT
RECOVERY TANK
P5- 19 AND P6-22
For detailed information, refer to the page number listed, or seetl
9-12
FUEL
DOOR
P6-6
HOOD
RELEASE
P6-8
~
Index in the back of the owner’s manual.
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