Victron energy 24|350 User manual
victron energy
USER MANUAL
GEBRUIKSAANWIJZING
MODE D'EMPLOI
BEDIENUNGSANLEITUNG
Phoenix 12/180
Phoenix 24/180
Phoenix 48/180
Phoenix 12/350
Phoenix 24/350
Phoenix 48/350
Copyrights © 2004 Victron Energy B.V.
All Rights Reserved
This publication or part thereof, may not reproduced in any form by any
method, for any purpose.
VICTRON ENERGY B.V. MAKES NO WARRANTY, EITHER
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING
THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AND MAKES SUCH
VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AVAILABLE SOLELY ON AN
“AS-IS” BASIS.
IN NO EVENT SHALL VICTRON ENERGY B.V. BE LIABLE
TO ANYONE FOR SPECIAL, COLLATERAL, INCIDENTAL,
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH
OR ARISING OUT OF PURCHASE OR USE OF THESE
VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS. THE SOLE AND
EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY TO VICTRON ENERGY B.V.,
REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF ACTION, SHALL NOT
EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE VICTRON
ENERGY PRODUCTS DESCRIBED HERE IN.
For conditions of use and permission to use this manual for publication
in other than the English, Dutch, French or German language, contact
Victron Energy B.V.
Victron Energy B.V. reserves the right to revise and improve its
products as it sees fit. This publication describes the state of this product
at the time of its publication and may not reflect the product at all times
in the future.
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SECTIONS
Page
English
Nederlands
French
Deutsch
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30
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INTRODUCTION
Victron Energy has established an international reputation as a leading
designer and manufacturer of energy systems. Our R&D department is
the driving force behind this reputation. It is continually seeking new
ways of incorporating the latest technology in our products. Each step
forward results in value-added technical and economical features.
Our proven philosophy has resulted in a full range of state-of-the-art
equipment for the supply of electrical power. All our equipment meets the
most stringent requirements.
Victron Energy energy systems provide you with high quality AC
supplies at places where there are no permanent sources of mains power.
An automatic stand-alone power system can be created with a
configuration comprising of a Victron Energy inverter, battery charger
and last but not least, batteries with sufficient capacity.
Our equipment is suitable for countless situations in the field, on ships or
other places where a mobile 230 or 115 VoltAC power supply is
indispensable.
Victron Energy has the ideal power source for all kinds of electrical
appliances used for household, technical and industrial purposes,
including instruments susceptible to interference. All of these applications
require a high quality power supply in order to function properly.
Victron Energy Phoenix sine wave inverter
This manual contains instructions for installing the Ph 12/180, Ph 24/180,
Ph48/180, Ph 12/350, Ph 24/350 and Ph 48/350 sine wave inverters. It
describes the functionality and operation of the Phoenix inverter,
including its protective devices and other technical features.
Note: where the abbreviation ‘Ph’ is used please read ‘Phoenix’ instead.
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CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ................................................................ 4
1. INSTALLATION .............................................................. 6
1.1 Location of the inverter
1.2 Battery requirements
1.3 Connection to the battery
1.3.1 General precautions when working with batteries
1.4 Connecting the load
1.5 Turning the inverter on
6
7
8
8
8
10
2. TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................. 11
2.1 The flash sequence table
2.2 Troubleshooting guidelines
11
11
3. TECHNICAL DATA....................................................... 14
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1. INSTALLATION
1.1 Location of the inverter
1
2.
3
4
5
Ceiling mounting
(inverted).
Base mounting.
Vertical wall mounting,
fan at bottom.
Not recommended
OK
OK (beware of small objects falling
through the ventilation openings on
top).
Not recommended
Vertical wall mounting,
fan on top.
Horizontal wall mounting. OK
For best operating results, the inverter should be placed on a flat
surface. To ensure a trouble free operation of the inverter, it must be
used in locations that meet the following requirements:
a)
Avoid any contact with water. Do not expose the inverter to rain or
moisture.
b) Do not place the unit in direct sunlight. Ambient air temperature
should be between -20 °C and 40 °C (humidity < 95% non
condensing). Note that in extreme situations the inverter’s case
temperature can exceed 70 °C.
c) Do not obstruct the airflow around the inverter. Leave at least 10
centimetres clearance around the inverter. When the inverter is
running too hot, it will shut down. When the inverter has reached a
safe temperature level the unit will automatically restart again.
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1.2 Battery requirements
For correct operation, the battery voltage should be between
0.88xVnom and 1.25xVnom where Vnom is 12V or 24V depending on
the model, and must be able to supply sufficient current to your inverter.
The following table displays the recommended battery capacity per
inverter type :
Inverter type :
Iin at Pnom :
Ph 12/180
Ph 24/180
15 Adc
7,5 Adc
Recommended battery
capacity:
≥ 60Ah
≥ 30Ah
Ph 12/350
Ph 24/350
30 Adc
15 Adc
≥ 100Ah
≥ 60Ah
The inverter shuts down when the battery voltage is below 0.88xVnom
or above 1.3xVnom.
Shut down and restart voltages: see technical data
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1.3 Connection to the battery
The inverters are equipped with two wires with a length of 1.5 meters. If
it is unavoidable to extend these wires, use a wire gauge of at least 1.5
times larger than the ones supplied with the inverter. Maximum
recommended battery wire length is approx. 3 meters.
1.3.1 General precautions when working with batteries
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Working in vicinity of a lead acid battery is dangerous. Batteries
can generate explosive gases during operation. Never smoke or
allow a spark or flame in the vicinity of a battery. Provide sufficient
ventilation around the battery.
Wear eye and clothing protection. Avoid touching eyes while
working near batteries. Wash your hands when done.
If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with
soap and water. If acid enters eye, immediately flood eye with
running cold water for at least 15 minutes and get medical attention
immediately.
Be careful when using metal tools in vicinity of batteries. Dropping
a metal tool onto a battery might cause a short-circuit battery and,
possibly an explosion.
Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces,
and watches when working with a battery. A battery can produce a
short-circuit current high enough to melt a ring or the like to metal,
causing severe burns.
CAUTION
THE RED WIRE MUST BE CONNECTED
TO THE POSITIVE (+) TERMINAL AND
THE BLACK WIRE TO THE NEGATIVE
(-) TERMINAL OF THE BATTERY.
Reverse polarity connection of the battery
wires can damage the inverter!
Damage caused by reversed polarity is not
covered by the warranty. Make sure the power
switch is in the OFF ‘0’ position before
connecting the battery.
1.4 Connecting the load
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Before you connect your appliance(s) to the inverter, always check it’s
maximum power consumption. Do not connect appliances to the
inverter needing more than the nominal power rating of the inverter
continuously. Some appliances like motors or pumps, draw large inrush
currents in a start-up situation. In such circumstances, it is possible that
the start-up current exceeds the over current trip level of the inverter. In
this case the output voltage will quickly decrease to limit the output
current of the inverter. If the over current trip level is continuously
exceeded, the inverter will shut down and restart within 18 seconds. In
this case it is advisable to disconnect the appliance from the inverter,
since it requires too much power to be driven by this inverter. Note that
at higher ambient temperature levels, the overload capacity of the
inverter is reduced.
WARNING
WHEN CONNECTING MORE THAN
ONE APPLIANCE TO THE INVERTER,
IN COMBINATION WITH A
COMPUTER, NOTE THAT IF ONE OF
THE APPLIANCES DRAWS A HIGH
START CURRENT, IT CAN CAUSE
YOUR COMPUTER TO REBOOT DUE
TO A SUDDEN VOLTAGE DROP.
NEVER CONNECT THE INVERTER’S
OUTPUT TO THE AC DISTRIBUTION
GRID, SUCH AS YOUR HOUSEHOLD AC
WALL OUTLET. IT WILL DAMAGE
THE INVERTER.
CAUTION
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1.5 Turning the inverter on
When all the above requirements are checked and satisfied and all
connections are made, it’s time to turn on your Phoenix inverter by
pushing the power switch to the ' On ' position.
WARNING
WARNING
10
IF THE INVERTER SWITCHES TO AN
‘ERROR MODE’ (SEE CHAPTER 2.1)
DUE TO AN OVERLOAD OR SHORT
CIRCUIT, THE INVERTER WILL
AUTOMATICALLY RESTART AFTER
ABOUT 18 SECONDS.
In case of an over-temperature error, the
inverter will automatically restart after it has
reached an acceptable temperature
NEVER TOUCH THE AC
CONNECTIONS WHEN THE INVERTER
IS STILL RUNNING IN AN ERROR
MODE!
THE BUILT IN LARGE ELECTROLYTIC
CAPACITORS CAN HOLD SIGNIFICANT
DC VOLTAGE WHEN THE BATTERIES
ARE DISCONNECTED.
To avoid sparks or short inverter operation, it is
advisable to switch on the inverter for 10
seconds after battery disconnection, before you
transport the inverter.
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2. TROUBLESHOOTING
2.1 The flash sequence table
Your Phoenix inverter is equipped with a self-diagnosis system, to
inform you about the cause of inverter shut down
In the table below you can find out what kind of flashing sequence
belongs to which error.
LED
Solid green
Red, blinking fast
Red, blinking slow
Red, intermittent blinking
Solid red

−−−−−−−−
   
−− −− −−

Status
OK
Over voltage
Under voltage
Over temperature
Overload
2.2 Troubleshooting guidelines
PROBLEM : Inverter is not working (LED OFF)
Possible cause :
Remedy :
Power switch in OFF position.
Push the power switch to the ON
position.
Clean battery terminals or inverter
wire contacts. Tighten battery
terminal screws.
The inverter has to be returned for
service.
Replace battery.
Poor contact between the
inverter’s battery wires and the
battery terminals.
Blown inverter fuse.
Very poor battery condition.
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PROBLEM : ‘Battery voltage too low or too high’ error keeps on
appearing
Possible cause :
Remedy :
Poor battery condition.
Poor connection or inadequate
wiring between battery and
inverter, resulting in too much
voltage drop.
Replace battery or charge it first.
When extending the battery wires
of the inverter make sure you use
the correct wire gauge (≥ 1.5 times
larger than the fixed battery wires).
It’s not advisable to extend the
battery wires to more than 3
meters.
Check your electrical system or
consult an electrical engineer to
check it for you.
General failure in your electrical
system (in case of no direct
battery connection).
PROBLEM : ‘Overloaded or shorted output’ error keeps on
appearing
Possible cause :
Remedy :
Inverter is overloaded.
Make sure that the total power
rating of the connected equipment
is lower than the nominal inverter
power rating.
Reduce the required power
consumption of the load. Please
note that, for example, a computer
load features a bad power factor,
which causes a reduction of the
maximum output power of the
inverter by approx. 20%.
Make sure that the connected
equipment is not broken or
malfunctioning. Check if the AC
power cord between the inverter
and the connected equipment is
OK. Any physical damage on the
power cord can produce a short
circuit. Be careful!.
Connected equipment features a
bad power factor
Connected equipment causes a
short circuit at the inverter’s
output.
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PROBLEM : ‘Inverter temperature too high. Cooling down’ error
keeps on appearing
Possible cause :
Remedy :
Airflow around the inverter is
obstructed.
Make sure there is at least 10
centimetres of clearance around
the inverter. Remove any items
placed on or over the inverter.
Keep the inverter away from direct
sunlight or heat producing
equipment.
Too high ambient temperature.
Move the inverter to a cooler place
or provide additional cooling by an
external fan.
Note: Don’t turn-off the inverter when it’s operating in an ‘Inverter
temperature too high. Cooling down’ error. The inverter needs this
error time to cool down.
If none of the above remedies helps to solve the problem you encounter,
contact your local Victron Energy distributor for further help and/or
possible repair of your inverter. Do not open the inverter yourself, there
are dangerous high voltages present inside. Opening the inverter will
directly void your 12 months warranty period.
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3. TECHNICAL DATA
Phoenix Inverter
12 Volt
24 Volt
48 Volt
12/180
24/180
48/180
12/350
24/350
48/350
Cont. AC power at 25 °C (VA) (3)
180
350
Cont. power at 25 °C / 40 °C (W)
Peak power (W)
175 / 150
350
300 / 250
700
Output AC voltage / frequency
or 230VAC +/- 3% 50Hz or 60Hz +/- 0,1%
Note : the given specifications are110VAC
subject
to change without notice
Input voltage range (V DC)
10,5 - 15,5 / 21,0 - 31,0 / 42,0 - 62,0
Low battery alarm (V DC)
11,0 / 22 / 44
Low battery shut down (V DC)
Low battery auto recovery (V DC)
10,5 / 21 / 42
12,5 / 25 / 50
Max.
12 / 24 / dimensions
48 V (%)
87 / 88
/ 89
3.3efficiency
Enclosure
Ph
xx/150,
Zero-load power 12 / 24 / 48 V (W)
2,6 / 3,8 / 4,0
Zero-load power in Power Saving mode
n. a.
See page 71.
89 / 89/ 90
Ph 12/301
3,1 / 5,0 / 6,0
n. a.
Protection (2)
a-e
Operating temperature range
-20 to +50°C (fan assisted cooling)
Humidity (non condensing)
ENCLOSURE
max 95%
Material & Colour
Battery-connection
Standard AC outlets
aluminium (blue Ral 5012)
1)
1)
IEC-320 (IEC-320 plug included), Schuko, or Nema 5-15R
Other outlets (at request)
United Kingdom, Australia/New Zealand
Protection category
Weight (kg / lbs)
Dimensions (hxwxd in mm)
(hxwxd in inches)
IP 20
2,7 / 5,4
3,5 / 7,7
72x132x200
2.8x5.2x7.9
72x155x237
2.8x6.1x9.3
n. a.
n. a.
ACCESSORIES
Remote control panel
Remote on-off switch
Two pole connector
Automatic transfer switch
STANDARDS
Filax
Safety
EN 60335-1
Emission / Immunity
EN55014-1 / EN 55014-2
1) Battery cables of 1.5 meter (12/180 with cigarette plug)
2) Protection
a. Output short circuit
b. Overload
c. Battery voltage too high
d. Battery voltage too low
e. Temperature too high
3) Non linear load, crest factor 3:1
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