Opteon XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant Safety Data Sheet

Opteon XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant Safety Data Sheet
Safety Data Sheet
SDS# Z0575
Sid Harvey Item #'s XP40X10 & XP40X25
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
This SDS adheres to the standards and regulatory requirements of the United States and may not meet the regulatory
requirements in other countries.
SECTION 1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
Product name
Tradename/Synonym
:
:
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Opteon™ 449A
R-449A
449A
XP40
Product Grade/Type
:
ASHRAE Refrigerant Number Designation: R-449A
Product Use
:
Refrigerant, For professional users only.
Restrictions on use
:
Consumer use
Manufacturer/Supplier
:
The Chemours Company FC, LLC
1007 Market Street
Wilmington, DE 19899
United States of America
Product Information
Medical Emergency
Transport Emergency
:
:
:
1-844-773-CHEM (outside the U.S. 1-302-773-1000)
1-866-595-1473 (outside the U.S. 1-302-773-2000)
CHEMTREC: +1-800-424-9300 (outside the U.S. +1-703-527-3887)
SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
Product hazard category
Gases under pressure
Liquefied gas
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
Label content
Pictogram
:
Signal word
: Warning
Hazardous warnings
: Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated.
Hazardous prevention
measures
: Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
Other hazards
Vapours are heavier than air and can cause suffocation by reducing oxygen available for breathing., Rapid
evaporation of the liquid may cause frostbite., Misuse or intentional inhalation abuse may cause death without
warning symptoms, due to cardiac effects., May cause cardiac arrhythmia.
SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
Component
CAS-No.
1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)
811-97-2
25.7 %
2,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf)
754-12-1
25.3 %
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Concentration
Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
Pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)
354-33-6
24.7 %
Difluoromethane (HFC-32)
75-10-5
24.3 %
SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES
General advice
: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. When symptoms
persist or in all cases of doubt seek medical advice.
Inhalation
: Remove from exposure, lie down. Move to fresh air. Keep patient warm and at
rest. Artificial respiration and/or oxygen may be necessary. Consult a physician.
Skin contact
: Take off contaminated clothing and shoes immediately. Flush area with
lukewarm water. Do not use hot water. If frostbite has occurred, call a
physician.
Eye contact
: Hold eyelids apart and flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.
Get medical attention.
Ingestion
: Is not considered a potential route of exposure.
Most important
symptoms/effects, acute
and delayed
: Anaesthetic effects Light-headedness irregular heartbeat with a strange
sensation in the chest, heart thumping, apprehension, feeling of fainting,
dizziness or weakness
Protection of first-aiders
: If potential for exposure exists refer to Section 8 for specific personal protective
equipment.
Notes to physician
: Because of possible disturbances of cardiac rhythm, catecholamine drugs,
such as epinephrine, that may be used in situations of emergency life support
should be used with special caution.
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES
Suitable extinguishing media
: Use extinguishing measures that are appropriate to local circumstances and
the surrounding environment., Use water spray, alcohol-resistant foam, dry
chemical or carbon dioxide.
Unsuitable extinguishing
media
: No applicable data available.
Specific hazards
: The product is not flammable.
Special protective equipment
for firefighters
: In the event of fire, wear self-contained breathing apparatus. Use personal
protective equipment. Wear neoprene gloves during cleaning up work after a
fire.
Further information
: Evacuate personnel to safe areas.
SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
NOTE: Review FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES and HANDLING (PERSONNEL) sections before proceeding with clean-up.
Use appropriate PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT during clean-up.
Safeguards (Personnel)
: Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Ventilate area, especially low or enclosed
places where heavy vapours might collect. Refer to protective measures
listed in sections 7 and 8.
Environmental precautions
: Should not be released into the environment. In accordance with local and
national regulations.
Spill Cleanup
: Evaporates.
Accidental Release Measures
: Avoid open flames and high temperatures. Self-contained breathing
apparatus (SCBA) is required if a large release occurs.
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
Handling (Personnel)
: Avoid breathing vapours or mist. Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.
Provide sufficient air exchange and/or exhaust in work rooms. For personal
protection see section 8.
Handling (Physical Aspects)
: The product should not be mixed with air for leak testing or used with air for
any other purpose above atmospheric pressure. Contact with chlorine or
other strong oxidizing agents should also be avoided.
Dust explosion class
Storage
: No applicable data available.
: Do not drag, slide or roll cylinders. Never attempt to lift cylinder by its cap.
Use a check valve or trap in the discharge line to prevent hazardous back
flow into the cylinder. Keep at temperature not exceeding 52°C. Keep
containers tightly closed in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place. Protect from
contamination. Protect cylinders from damage. Keep away from direct
sunlight. Store only in approved containers.
The product has an indefinite shelf life when stored properly.
Storage period
: > 10 yr
Storage temperature
: < 52 °C (< 126 °F)
SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
Engineering controls
Personal protective equipment
Respiratory protection
: Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas.
: For rescue and maintenance work in storage tanks use self-contained
breathing apparatus. Vapours are heavier than air and can cause suffocation
by reducing oxygen available for breathing.
Hand protection
: Additional protection: Impervious gloves
Eye protection
: Wear safety glasses or coverall chemical splash goggles. Additionally wear a
face shield where the possibility exists for face contact due to splashing,
spraying or airborne contact with this material.
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Skin and body protection
Ref. 130000133420
: Where there is potential for skin contact have available and wear as
appropriate impervious gloves, apron, pants, and jacket.
Exposure Guidelines
Exposure Limit Values
This product does not contain any exposure limits that require disclosure according to OSHA Hazard
Communication Standard 2012.
SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Appearance
Physical state
Form
Color
: gaseous
: Liquefied gas
: clear
Odor
: slight, ether-like
Odor threshold
: No applicable data available.
pH
: neutral
Melting point/range
: No applicable data available.
Boiling point/boiling range
: Boiling point
-46.0 °C (-50.8 °F)
Flash point
:
Evaporation rate
: >1
(CCL4=1.0)
Flammability (solid, gas)
:
The product is not flammable.
Upper explosion limit
:
Method: None per ASTM E681
Lower explosion limit
:
Method: None per ASTM E681
does not flash
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
Vapor pressure
: 12,748 hPa at 25 °C (77 °F)
Vapor density
: 3.07 at 25 °C (77 °F)
(Air = 1.0)
Specific gravity (Relative
density)
: 1.10 at 25 °C (77 °F)
Water solubility
: No applicable data available.
Solubility(ies)
: No applicable data available.
Partition coefficient: noctanol/water
: No applicable data available.
Auto-ignition temperature
:
No applicable data available.
Decomposition temperature
:
No applicable data available.
Viscosity, kinematic
:
No applicable data available.
Viscosity, dynamic
:
No applicable data available.
% Volatile
: 100 %
SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
Reactivity
:
Decomposes on heating.
Chemical stability
:
The product is chemically stable under recommended conditions of storage,
use and temperature.
Possibility of hazardous
reactions
Conditions to avoid
:
Polymerization will not occur.
:
Avoid open flames and high temperatures.
Incompatible materials
:
Strong bases Alkaline earth metals, finely divided metal powders, such as,
Aluminium, Magnesium, Zinc, or, strong oxidizers
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Hazardous decomposition
products
Ref. 130000133420
:
Hazardous thermal decomposition products may include:, Hydrogen fluoride,
Carbon oxides, Fluorocarbons, Carbonyl fluoride
SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)
Inhalation 4 h LC50
:
> 567000 ppm , Rat
Inhalation No Observed
Adverse Effect
Concentration
Inhalation Low Observed
Adverse Effect
Concentration (LOAEC)
Skin irritation
:
40000 ppm , Dog
Cardiac sensitization
:
80000 ppm , Dog
Cardiac sensitization
:
No skin irritation, Rabbit
Eye irritation
:
No eye irritation, Rabbit
Skin sensitization
:
Does not cause skin sensitisation., Guinea pig
Does not cause respiratory sensitisation., Rat
Repeated dose toxicity
:
Inhalation
Rat
gas
NOAEL: 50000,
No toxicologically significant effects were found.
Carcinogenicity
:
Not classifiable as a human carcinogen.
Overall weight of evidence indicates that the substance is not
carcinogenic.
Mutagenicity
:
Animal testing did not show any mutagenic effects.
Tests on bacterial or mammalian cell cultures did not show mutagenic
effects.
Reproductive toxicity
:
No toxicity to reproduction
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
No effects on or via lactation
Animal testing showed no reproductive toxicity.
Teratogenicity
:
Animal testing showed no developmental toxicity.
Further information
:
Cardiac sensitisation threshold limit : 334000 mg/m3
2,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf)
Inhalation 4 h LC50
:
> 405000 ppm , Rat
Inhalation Low Observed
Adverse Effect
Concentration (LOAEC)
Inhalation No Observed
Adverse Effect
Concentration
Skin irritation
:
> 120000 ppm , Dog
Cardiac sensitization
:
120000 ppm , Dog
Cardiac sensitization
:
No skin irritation, Not tested on animals
Not expected to cause skin irritation based on expert review of the
properties of the substance.
Eye irritation
:
No eye irritation, Not tested on animals
Not expected to cause eye irritation based on expert review of the
properties of the substance.
Skin sensitization
:
Not tested on animals
Not expected to cause sensitization based on expert review of the
properties of the substance.
There are no reports of human respiratory sensitization.
Repeated dose toxicity
:
Inhalation
Rat
gas
NOAEL: 233 mg/l, 50,000 ppm,
No toxicologically significant effects were found.
Inhalation
Rabbit
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
gas
NOAEL: 2.33 mg/l, 500 ppm,
No toxicological effects warranting significant target organ toxicity
classification were seen below the recommended guidance values for
classification.
Inhalation
Mini-pig
gas
NOAEL: 50 mg/l, 10,000 ppm,
No toxicologically significant effects were found.
Carcinogenicity
:
Not classifiable as a human carcinogen.
Sufficient data are available to conclude that the substance is not
expected to be carcinogenic.
Mutagenicity
:
Animal testing did not show any mutagenic effects.
Did not cause genetic damage in cultured mammalian cells.
Experiments showed mutagenic effects in cultured bacterial cells.
Reproductive toxicity
:
No toxicity to reproduction
Animal testing showed no reproductive toxicity.
Teratogenicity
:
Animal testing showed effects on embryo-fetal development at levels
equal to or above those causing maternal toxicity.
Further information
:
Cardiac sensitisation threshold limit : > 559509 mg/m3
:
> 800000 ppm , Rat
:
75000 ppm , Dog
Cardiac sensitization
:
100000 ppm , Dog
Cardiac sensitization
:
Does not cause respiratory sensitisation., human
Pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)
Inhalation 4 h LC50
Inhalation No Observed
Adverse Effect
Concentration
Inhalation Low Observed
Adverse Effect
Concentration (LOAEC)
Skin sensitization
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
Repeated dose toxicity
:
Inhalation
Rat
gas
No toxicologically significant effects were found.
Carcinogenicity
:
Not classifiable as a human carcinogen.
Overall weight of evidence indicates that the substance is not
carcinogenic.
Mutagenicity
:
Animal testing did not show any mutagenic effects.
Evidence suggests this substance does not cause genetic damage in
cultured mammalian cells.
Did not cause genetic damage in cultured bacterial cells.
Reproductive toxicity
:
No toxicity to reproduction
Animal testing showed no reproductive toxicity.
Teratogenicity
:
Animal testing showed no developmental toxicity.
Further information
:
Cardiac sensitisation threshold limit : 490000 mg/m3
:
> 520000 ppm , Rat
Inhalation Low Observed
Adverse Effect
Concentration (LOAEC)
Inhalation No Observed
Adverse Effect
Concentration
Skin irritation
:
> 350000 ppm , Dog
Cardiac sensitization
:
350000 ppm , Dog
Cardiac sensitization
:
No skin irritation, Not tested on animals
Not expected to cause skin irritation based on expert review of the
properties of the substance.
Eye irritation
:
No eye irritation, Not tested on animals
Not expected to cause eye irritation based on expert review of the
properties of the substance.
Skin sensitization
:
Does not cause skin sensitisation., Not tested on animals
Difluoromethane (HFC-32)
Inhalation 4 h LC50
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
Not expected to cause sensitization based on expert review of the
properties of the substance.
There are no reports of human respiratory sensitization.
Repeated dose toxicity
:
Inhalation
Rat
No toxicologically significant effects were found.
Mutagenicity
:
Animal testing did not show any mutagenic effects.
Tests on bacterial or mammalian cell cultures did not show mutagenic
effects.
Reproductive toxicity
:
No toxicity to reproduction
Animal testing showed no reproductive toxicity.
Information given is based on data obtained from similar substances.
Teratogenicity
:
Animal testing showed no developmental toxicity.
Further information
:
Cardiac sensitisation threshold limit : > 735000 mg/m3
Carcinogenicity
The carcinogenicity classifications for this product and/or its ingredients have been determined according
to HazCom 2012, Appendix A.6. The classifications may differ from those listed in the National Toxicology
Program (NTP) Report on Carcinogens (latest edition) or those found to be a potential carcinogen in the
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs (latest edition).
None of the components present in this material at concentrations equal to or greater than 0.1% are listed
by IARC, NTP, or OSHA, as a carcinogen.
SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Aquatic Toxicity
1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a)
96 h LC50
:
Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) 450 mg/l
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Ref. 130000133420
96 h ErC50
:
Algae 142 mg/l
Information given is based on data obtained from similar substances.
72 h NOEC
:
Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (green algae) 13.2 mg/l
Information given is based on data obtained from similar substances.
48 h EC50
:
Daphnia magna (Water flea) 980 mg/l
2,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf)
96 h LC50
:
Cyprinus carpio (Carp) > 197 mg/l
72 h NOEC
:
Algae > 100 mg/l
48 h EC50
:
Daphnia magna (Water flea) > 100 mg/l
:
Oncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) 450 mg/l
Information given is based on data obtained from similar substances.
96 h ErC50
:
Algae 142 mg/l
Information given is based on data obtained from similar substances.
72 h NOEC
:
Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (green algae) 13.2 mg/l
Information given is based on data obtained from similar substances.
48 h EC50
:
Daphnia magna (Water flea) 980 mg/l
Information given is based on data obtained from similar substances.
:
Fish 1,507 mg/l
96 h EC50
:
Algae 142 mg/l
48 h EC50
:
Daphnia (water flea) 652 mg/l
30 d
:
NOEC Fish (unspecified species) 65.8 mg/l
Pentafluoroethane (HFC-125)
96 h LC50
Difluoromethane (HFC-32)
96 h LC50
Environmental Fate
Difluoromethane (HFC-32)
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
Biodegradability
Ref. 130000133420
:
5 % OECD Test Guideline 301D
Not readily biodegradable.
SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Waste disposal methods Product
: Can be used after re-conditioning. If re-conditioning is not practicable,
dispose of in compliance with local regulations.
Contaminated packaging
: Empty pressure vessels should be returned to the supplier.
SECTION 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
DOT
IATA_C
UN number
: 1078
Proper shipping name
: Refrigerant gases, n.o.s. (1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane,
Pentafluoroethane)
: 2.2
: 2.2
: 1078
Class
Labelling No.
UN number
Proper shipping name
IMDG
Class
Labelling No.
UN number
Proper shipping name
Class
Labelling No.
: Refrigerant gas, n.o.s. (1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane,
Pentafluoroethane)
: 2.2
: 2.2
: 1078
: REFRIGERANT GAS, N.O.S. (1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane,
Pentafluoroethane)
: 2.2
: 2.2
SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
TSCA 5E
Ref. 130000133420
: This material contains one or more substances which are subject to a TSCA
Section 5 Consent Order or Significant New Use Rule (SNUR).
: 2,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene
PMN Number: P-07-0601 (Honeywell)
TSCA 12B
This material contains one or more substances which requires export
notification under TSCA Section 12(b) and 40 CFR Part 707 Subpart D:
2,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene
PMN Number: P-07-0601 (Honeywell)
The approved uses are: refrigerant in motor vehicle air conditioning systems.
Processors and users of this substance must also comply with the applicable
general SNUR requirements set forth in 40 CFR 721 subpart A, including
export notification requirements if applicable (40 CFR 721.20), and the
applicable record keeping requirements set forth at 40 CFR 721.125.
Contact your local Chemours sales or technical representative for more
information.
SARA 313 Regulated
Chemical(s)
: This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS
numbers that exceed the threshold (De Minimis) reporting levels established
by SARA Title III, Section 313.
PA Right to Know
Regulated Chemical(s)
: Substances on the Pennsylvania Hazardous Substances List present at a
concentration of 1% or more (0.01% for Special Hazardous Substances):
Difluoromethane
NJ Right to Know
Regulated Chemical(s)
: Substances on the New Jersey Workplace Hazardous Substance List present
at a concentration of 1% or more (0.1% for substances identified as
carcinogens, mutagens or teratogens): Difluoromethane
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Safety Data Sheet
Opteon™ XP40 (R-449A) Refrigerant
Version 3.1
Revision Date 08/31/2015
California Prop. 65
Ref. 130000133420
: Chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or
any other harm: none known
SECTION 16. OTHER INFORMATION
Chemours™ and the Chemours Logo are trademarks of The Chemours Company.
Before use read Chemours safety information.
For further information contact the local Chemours office or nominated distributors.
Revision Date
: 08/31/2015
The information provided in this Safety Data Sheet is correct to the best of our knowledge, information and belief at the
date of its publication. The information given is designed only as a guidance for safe handling, use, processing, storage,
transportation, disposal and release and is not to be considered a warranty or quality specification. The information
relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any
other materials or in any process, unless specified in the text.
Significant change from previous version is denoted with a double bar.
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