105 Epoxy General Use Safety

105 Epoxy General Use Safety
Safety
• Avoid skin contact with resin, hardener or
•
•
•
•
mixed epoxy. Wear adequate protective
clothing and the liquid-proof gloves
supplied with this kit to keep the epoxy off
your skin.
Avoid eye contact with resin, hardener or
mixed adhesive. Wear protective glasses.
In case of contact with eyes, flush with
water for 15 minutes. If discomfort
persists, seek medical attention.
Avoid inhaling vapors. Provide adequate
ventilation. Wear a dust mask when
sanding epoxy, especially epoxy that has
not fully cured.
Read and follow safety information on
resin/hardener packets.
Keep resins and hardeners out of the
reach of children.
Starting out
• Check all parts for proper fit.
• Gather all necessary application tools,
clamps and equipment before mixing
epoxy.
• Protect work surfaces with plastic.
• Keep a roll of paper towels handy.
Mixing the resin and hardener together
starts a chemical reaction that transforms
the combined liquid ingredients into a solid.
After mixing 105 Resin and 205 Fast Hardener, you will have 10-15 minutes, at 72°F
(22°C), to apply the mixture before it begins
to gel.
Epoxy cures faster in warmer temperatures
and in thicker applications. When the mixture is spread out in a thin layer, the heat is
dissipated and the working time and cure
time are extended. Epoxy cures slower in
cooler temperatures a nd thinner
applications.
The epoxy mixture will reach a workable
cure in five to seven hours at 72°F (22°C).
Clamps can be removed and the epoxy
may be sanded, but it should not be subjected to high loads for 24 hours. When a
quicker cure is desired, applying moderate
heat will substantially reduce cure time.
WEST SYSTEM 105 Resin/205 Hardener will
cure in temperatures as low as 40°F ( 4°C),
but will cure very slowly. Use a heat lamp or
heat gun to warm and accelerate the cure.
When working in cool temperatures, store
resin/hardener at room temperature before
mixing.
Mixing and curing
Cleanup
Cut off the top of the WEST SYSTEM 105
Resin/205 Hardener packet with a pair of
scissors. Squeeze epoxy resin and hardener into a mixing cup (1) and stir for at least
one full minute. Use the flat end of the mixing stick to scrape the sides and bottom of
the cup while mixing (2).
Ea c h 105/205
packet in this kit
contains the correct proportion
of resin a nd
ha rde ne r r equired to reach
1
full cure. Be sure
to squeeze out
all of the cont e nts of e a c h
resin/hardener
packet
you
open.
Clean uncured epoxy from skin and clothes
with a waterless skin cleaner, followed by
washing with soap and water.
Remove excess epoxy from work surfaces
with the flat end of a mixing stick or with paper towels. Clean up residue with a solvent
such as lacquer thinner or acetone.
2
Surface Preparation
For best adhesion, be sure all surfaces to
be coated or bonded to are clean, dry and
sanded.
1. Remove loose, chalky or flaky coatings,
and contaminants such as grease, oil, wax,
and mold release. Clean contaminated surfaces with an appropriate solvent applied
with plain white paper towels.
2. Allow repair areas to dry thoroughly or
accelerate drying with a heat lamp or heat
gun.
3. Sand smooth, non-porous surfaces to a
dull finish with 80-grit sandpaper.
Bonding
Fairing (surface filling)
More about fiberglass boat repair
Glue most parts together in a two-step operation. First, wet-out (pre-coat) bonding
surfaces with unthickened epoxy (3) to improve adhesion and help prevent an epoxy-starved joint, especially when bonding
porous surfaces. A pipe cleaner or syringe
may be used to wet out hard to reach areas
such as fastener holes when bonding
hardware.
After bonding
surfaces have
been wet out,
add 406 Adhesive Filler to an
epoxy mixture,
thoroughly mix3
ing in filler until it
reaches the desired consistency—thick
(non-sagging) for
larger gaps and
uneven mating
4
surfaces—thinner for tight joints
and large smooth
surfaces.
Apply a generous amount of
t he thic k e ne d
epoxy mixture to
5
one of the surfaces (4) and clamp the components in position before the epoxy begins to gel. Use
just enough clamping pressure to squeeze
a small amount of thickened epoxy out of
the joint. Remove excess epoxy (5) and allow the epoxy to cure thoroughly before removing clamps or stressing the joint.
Wet out the surface with unthickened epoxy to improve adhesion. Stir 410 Fairing
Filler into an epoxy mixture until
it reaches the
consistency of
stiff peanut butter. Use the mixing stick to apply
7
and shape the
mixture slightly higher than the desired surface contour (7). Sand to shape after the
epoxy cures. Seal the sanded fairing compound with unthickened epoxy before
painting.
If you have larger repair issues or problems with
your fiberglass boat not covered by the size or
scope of this kit, WEST SYSTEM has a solution for
you. The 002-550 Fiberglass Boat Repair &
Maintenance manual is a complete, illustrated
guide to repairing, restoring and prolonging the
life of fiberglass boats. Chapters include:
Ÿ Repairing minor cracks and holes
Ÿ Repairing stringers and floors
Ÿ Repairing solid fiberglass laminate
Ÿ Repairing cored fiberglass laminate
Ÿ Repairing and upgrading soles and decks
Ÿ Installing hardware
Ÿ Repairing keels and rudders
This 84-page manual also includes detailed
instructions on repairing delaminated and rotted plywood, fairing keels, finishing and installing teak veneer decks.
This manual is available at WEST SYSTEM dealers and free online at westsystem.com. As
always, or at least weekdays 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM ET, our Technical Staff is available to
help you with any repair questions.
Making fillets
When parts are joined at or near right angles,
fillets can be used to add strength to the joint
by increasing the surface area of the bond.
Shape the excess thickened epoxy that has
squeezed out of the joint into a cove section
using the round end of a mixing stick. Add
more thickened epoxy as necessary to
shape a smooth,
continuous fillet.
Clean off the excess mixture
with the square
end of the mixing
stick (6).
6
Fabric application
Cut the fabric to fit the area. If heavier reinforcing is desired, use multiple layers as
necessary to achieve the desired thickness. Properly
prepare the surface before applying fabric.
Coat the substrate
with
mixed 105/205
8
epoxy. Lay the
fabric in position on the wet epoxy. Spread
mixed epoxy onto the fabric using a glue
brush. When the fabric and substrate have
been saturated, use the side of the mixing
stick as a squeegee to smooth and remove
excess epoxy (8). Repeat the process with
additional layers.
Coating
Apply the epoxy mixture as a coating using
a disposable brush. Brush the epoxy over
the area and finish with long, light strokes to
evenly distribute the epoxy over the surface. Add a small amount of 406 Adhesive
Filler to create a thicker coating. Keep in
mind that the thicker the coating, the less
smooth it will be.
If you are gluing to or applying more coats
of epoxy, apply the next coat while the previous coating is still tacky—about 2–3
hours after applying at 72°F (22°C). Cured
105/205 epoxy can be varnished, painted,
or re-coated or bonded to with epoxy.
Wash cured epoxy with water and sand
surfaces to a dull finish, providing a texture
for good adhesion. n
More about 105 Epoxies
105 Resin is a clear, low-viscosity, epoxy
resin that can be cured in a wide temperature range to yield a high-strength, rigid
solid that has excellent cohesive properties and is an outstanding bonding adhesive and moisture vapor barrier.
For larger repair projects WEST
SYSTEM105 Epoxies are available in larger
quantities, with a choice of four hardeners
to suit your specific working conditions.
WEST SYSTEM Hardeners
Select a hardener for the cure speed best
suited for the temperature range in which
you are working.
®
205 Fast Hardener —the hardener in this
kit—is used for general bonding, barrier
coating and fabric application. It is formulated to cure at lower temperatures and to
produce a rapid cure that develops its
physical properties quickly at room temperature. At 72°F (22°C) pot life is 9–12
minutes and cure to a solid is 6–8 hours.
®
206 Slow Hardener is used for general
bonding, barrier coating and fabric application. It is formulated for a longer working
and cure time or to provide adequate
working time at higher temperatures. At
72°F (22°C) pot life is 20–25 minutes and
cure to a solid is 10–15 hours.
209 Extra Slow Hardener™ is used for
general bonding, barrier coating and fabric
application in extremely warm and/or humid conditions. It gives you approximately
twice the pot life and working time as 206
Slow Hardener and adequate pot life up to
110°F (43°C). At 72°F (22°C) pot life is
40–50 minutes and cure to a solid is 20–24
hours. Minimum recommended temperature is 70°F (21°C).
207 Special Clear Hardener™ is formulated specifically for barrier coating and
fabric application where a blush-free, clear
finish is desired. 207 cures clear for a natural wood or clear carbon fiber finish. At
72°F (22°C) pot life is 20–26 minutes and
cure to a solid is 10–15 hours.
Larger quantities
WEST SYSTEM 105 Epoxy resin and hardeners are packaged in larger sizes, from
quarts to drums, to suit any sized project.
Your WEST SYSTEM dealer also carries metering pumps for accurate dispensing,
larger sizes of WEST SYSTEM fillers, additives to modify epoxy’s coating characteristics, reinforcing fabrics and application
tools.
Complete product information, free downloadable repair manuals, how-to videos
and dealer location information is available
at www.westsystem.com.
105-K FIBERGLASS BOAT
Repair Kit
Repair fiberglass boats
Step-by-step instructions show you how to use the materials in this kit to repair cracks and
scrapes, gelcoat blisters, loose hardware, delaminated decks and panels, damaged keels and
holes up to 1" diameter in solid laminates up to ¼"-thick and smaller holes in thicker laminates.
Instructions include basic epoxy techniques for bonding, bonding with fillets and barrier coating.
Tools required
In addition to the materials in this kit, you may need one or more of the following: a small
grinder/sander, drill with bit assortment, scraper or chisel, a pair of scissors, a hand plane, a file, a
wire brush, a hammer, 60 or 80-grit sand paper, 180-grit wet/dry sandpaper, laquer thinner or
acetone and paper towels.
WEST SYSTEM reliability
Outstanding customer service
WEST SYSTEM is the world’s leading brand
of marine epoxy, created by Gougeon
Brothers—sailors, boatbuilders, and formulators who literally wrote the book on
wood/epoxy boat building. We know the
engineering and chemistry required to formulate epoxies for high-performance composite structures. It requires thorough
research, rigorous test programs, skillful
shop work and direct experience with today’s high-performance boats and other
engineered structures. This experience and
dedication to performance sets W EST
SYSTEM apart from other brands of epoxy.
Since 1969, reliability has been the hallmark
of WEST SYSTEM. We adhere to the highest
standards of quality assurance in our formulating and manufacturing practices, from
raw material qualification to testing and certification of finished resins and hardeners.
This means that every properly mixed batch
of WEST SYSTEM resin and hardener will cure
as it is supposed to, every time. This commitment to quality has earned certification to
the ISO 9001:2008 standard. WEST SYSTEM
is your reliable solution.
WEST SYSTEM provides you with something
else as reliable as our epoxy—knowledge.
Whether your project is large or small, the
WEST SYSTEM Technical Staff and comprehensive instructional publications will help
assure the success of your building and repair project. WEST SYSTEM is renowned for
its outstanding customer service.
The WEST SYSTEM website provides detailed epoxy handling and product information, free downloadable repair manuals,
dealer locations and links, project articles
and galleries, and safety information. Visit
westsystem.com.
For assistance contact our friendly and
knowledgeable Technical Staff.
Send e-mail to
[email protected]
or call 866-937-8797 (toll free).
Because West System Inc. cannot control how its products will
be used, it makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, including no warranties of merchantability and fitness for purpose
intended. West System Inc. will not be liable for incidental or consequential damages.
Finishing
105 Epoxy is compatible with most primers, paints and gelcoats to match existing finishes.
Kit contents
8 pre-measured packets of 105 Epoxy Resin + 205 Fast Hardener (16 g + 3.2 g = 19.2 g of mixed
epoxy per packet), 4g of 406 Adhesive Filler, 9g of 410 Fairing Filler, 3 mixing cups, 15"×15" of
12 oz fiberglass reinforcing fabric, 1 reusable mixing stick/applicator, 1-12 cc syringe, 2 coating
brushes, 3 pair of disposable neoprene gloves and complete handling and repair instructions.
POISON May be harmful if ingested or absorbed through the skin. May cause chemical burns to eyes and skin.
May cause allergic reaction. Avoid skin and eye contact. Do not ingest. Wear protective gloves and eye protection.
FIRST AID SKIN—wash with soap and water. EYES—flush with water for a least 15 minutes. Consult physician. INGESTION—Do not induce vomiting. Consult physician.
WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, reproductive
harm, or both. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN
105 RESIN CONTAINS: bisphenol-a epoxy resin, bisphenol-f epoxy resin, benzyl alcohol. 205 HARDENER CONTAINS: reaction products of triethylenetetramine with phenol/formaldehyde, polyetheylenepolyamine,
triethylenetetramine, hydroxybenzene, reaction products of triethylenetetramine with propylene oxide,
tetraethylenepentamine. 406 ADHESIVE FILLER CONTAINS: amorphous silica. 410 FAIRING FILLER CONTAINS:
sodium metaborate tetrahydrate mixture, copolymer microspheres, formaldehyde polymer with
1,3-dimethylbenzene, isobutane, tris(dimethylaminomethyl)phenol.
SCAN FOR VIDEO
105 Epoxy General Use
Manufactured for WEST SYSTEM by:
®
Gougeon Brothers, Inc. / Bay City, MI US
866-937-8797 / westsystem.co
©2011 GBI M1211 R60-405
Fiberglass Boat Repair
Fiberglass boats can be in need of repair for many reasons. Impacts and fatigue can result
in damage that ranges from scrapes and cracking to punctures and core delamination.
Manufacturing defects and material limitations can contribute to these problems along
with gelcoat blistering and other moisture related problems. WEST SYSTEM Epoxy is ideal
for repairing this damage. It is stronger and more moisture resistant than polyester resins.
And, it does not shrink when cured, making it better for the secondary bonding these kinds
of repairs require.
5
Repair cracks and scrapes
Cracks in decks or hulls can be a result of
impact damage or excessive flexing.
Cracking can be minor, penetrating the
gelcoat only, or they can penetrate deeper,
into the fiberglass laminate.
Repair minor cracks
Minor cracks can be repaired with this kit
and the following items:
¨ V-shaped scraping tool.
¨ 180-grit wet/dry sandpaper.
¨ Finish paint or gelcoat.
1. Open cracks with a sharp, V-shaped
tool, scraping down to the bottom of the
crack (1). (If the cracks penetrate the fiberglass laminate, go to Repair Deep Cracks.)
Remove loose or damaged material. Dry
out the damaged area if wet. Feather the
edges with a scraping tool or 80-grit
sandpaper.
2. Mix a packet of 105/205 epoxy in a mixing cup. Refer to
Mixing and Curing under 105
Epoxy General
Use on the reverse side of this
sheet.
1
3. Apply enough
epoxy mixture,
using the disposable brush,
to saturate the
opened cracks
(2).
2
4. Thicken the
epoxy mixture
remaining in the
cup with 406 Adhesive Filler. Mix
in enough filler to
make a thick,
non-sagging
3
mixture.
5. Trowel the mixture into the cracks using
the mixing stick (3). Mix more epoxy and
filler as necessary to fill the cracks.
Allow to cure about 24 hours at 70°F (21°C)
(longer in cooler temperatures) if you will be
applying paint or gelcoat.
6. Wet sand with 180-grit sandpaper to
prepare for painting or gelcoat. Follow the
paint manufacturer’s recommendation for
final preparation and application.
Repair deep cracks
Cracks that penetrate into the fiberglass
laminate require structural reinforcing. Repair deep cracks with this kit and the following items:
¨ Disc sander w/60-grit sandpaper.
¨ Scissors.
¨ 180-grit wet/dry sandpaper.
¨ Finish paint or gelcoat.
1. Grind out the crack until you reach solid
laminate. Taper all sides of the crack to a
shallow (about 12:1) slope (4).
2. Cut multiple
pieces of fiberglass to fit within
and fill the void.
Cut the bottom,
largest layer
4
about ¾" (19
mm) smaller than
the width of the void. Cut each successive
layer about ¾" (19 mm) smaller—3 8" (9 mm)
on each edge—than the layer below it.
3. Mix a packet of 105/205 epoxy in a mixing cup. Refer to Mixing and Curing on the
reverse of this sheet. Note: each packet of
mixed resin and hardener will saturate
about 48 square inches of fabric.
4. Apply the largest piece of fiberglass in the
center of the void and saturate it with epoxy
using the disposable brush. Apply and saturate the progressively smaller pieces, center-
6
ing them evenly
over the larger
pieces (5). Mix
more epoxy as
necessary to saturate all layers of
fiberglass in the
void with epoxy.
Allow the epoxy
to cure until it begins to gel.
5. Fair the surface when the
epoxy begins to
gel and is still
tacky. Mix a packet of 105 Resin/205 Hardener. Blend in 410 Fairing Filler to make a
thick, non-sagging mixture. Trowel this mixture onto the fiberglass cloth with a mixing
stick (6). Smooth the mixture slightly higher
than the surrounding surface. Allow to cure.
6. Sand the surface to shape. Refill any
voids as necessary.
7. Coat with unthickened epoxy to ensure
an excellent surface for the final finish. Allow to cure.
8. Wet sand with 180-grit sandpaper to
prepare for painting or gelcoat. Follow the
paint manufacturer’s recommendations for
final preparation and application. n
Repair delaminated cored panels
Delamination of a fiberglass skin from the
core occurs most often in decks, and most
often as a result of a manufacturing defect.
It can lead to moisture related core and
structural damage if not corrected.
Re-bond delaminated skin to the core material with this kit and the following items:
¨ Drill with ¼" bit
¨ Heat gun or heat lamp
¨ Plastic sheet
¨ Weights
¨ 180-grit sandpaper
1. Define the delaminated area. When
pushed or stepped on, delaminated skin
flexes, indicating a gap between the skin
and core. Also, delaminated skin sounds
flatter—less resonant than solid laminate
when tapped with a coin or other small
hard object.
2. Drill
¼"
(6mm) holes, 1"
(2.5cm) apart
and about 3"
(7.5cm) beyond
t he
d e l a m inated area. Drill
7
through the skin
and about 1/3 of the way into the core (7).
If the core is wet, dry it thoroughly before
re-bonding. A sample drilling from the core
will indicate the degree of dryness. Use a
hot air gun or heat lamp to accelerate drying. Be careful not to damage the skin with
excessive heat.
3. Mix a packet of 105/205 epoxy in a mixing cup. Refer to Mixing and Curing under
105 Epoxy General Use on the reverse side
of this sheet.
Thicken the epoxy mixture with 406 Adhesive Filler to a “catsup” consistency.
4. Load the thickened mixture into a syringe. Trim the syringe tip to allow the epoxy to flow easily.
5. I nj e c t t he
thickened mixture into all
holes drilled in
the delaminated
area (8). Flex the
skin several
8
times to work
the epoxy into all areas between the skin
and core. Repeat steps 3 through 5 as
necessary to fill all holes.
6. Place weights on the skin to force it into
contact with the core until the epoxy
cures. A plastic sheet placed under the
weights will prevent inadvertent bonding.
Scrape up excess epoxy before it gels.
7. Fill any remaining voids
with
epoxy
thickened with
407
Fairing
Filler (9), then allow to cure.
9
8. W e t sa n d
with 180-grit to fair the surface and prepare for painting or gelcoat. Follow the
paint manufacturer’s recommendations
for final preparation and application. n
Repairing loose hardware
Excessive loads and fatigue can cause
threaded fasteners to strip or loosen and
allow water to penetrate. Reinstall hardware with this kit and the following items:
¨ Drill with assorted bits
¨ Heat gun or heat lamp (optional)
¨ 80-grit sandpaper
1. Remove the existing loose hardware.
2. Clean dirt, old sealants and other materials from the hardware, boat’s surface
and fastener holes.
3. Drill oversized holes to expose uncontaminated deck material and increase
bonding area. Drill the oversize holes only
¾ the depth of the original hole if the hardware is not thru bolted. Allow core material
to dry thoroughly if wet. Use a heat gun or
lamp to speed drying.
4. Place hardware in position. Trace the
outline with a pencil. Remove the hardware and tape the marked perimeter with
masking tape.
5. Sand the surface thoroughly to a dull
finish with 80-grit sandpaper.
6. Mix a packet of 105/205 epoxy in a mixing cup. Refer to Mixing and Curing under
105 Epoxy General Use on the
reverse side of
this sheet.
7a. Coat both
the deck sur10
fa c e a nd the
hardware mating surface with the epoxy
mixture. Saturate the inside of the fastener
holes (10).
7b. Scrub all epoxy-wet metal hardware
surfaces with 80-grit sandpaper before the
epoxy gels.
8. Thicken the epoxy mixture remaining in
the cup with 406 Adhesive Filler to a
non-sagging consistency.
9. Apply generously to the
mating surfaces, in fastener holes and
on
fa s t e ne r
threads. Use a
11
syringe to fill
deep holes, if necessary. (Optional:
pre-coat fastener threads and hardware
base with paste wax if you anticipate removing hardware in the future.)
10. Position the
Epoxy
hardware and
insert
and
tighten the faste ne rs
until
some of the epoxy m ixture
12
Backing Plate
squeezes out.
Do not over tighten.
11. Clean excess epoxy away with the flat
end of the mixing stick. Remove the masking tape. Allow to cure for 24 hours at 72°F
(22°C) before applying loads. n
Repair minor gelcoat blisters
Repair minor, isolated gelcoat blisters using this kit and the following items not included in this kit:
¨ Small disc sander w/60-grit sandpaper
¨ Isopropyl alcohol
¨ 80 to 120-grit wet/dry sandpaper.
1. Open blisters with a small abrasive tool
with 60-grit
sandpaper. Remove the entire
blister, including the edges of
the blister dome
(13).
13
2. Wipe the cavity clean with paper towels
soaked in isopropyl alcohol. Be generous
with the alcohol and change towels frequently to remove all contaminants.
Repeat the alcohol wipe process, particularly on blisters that were fluid filled at the
time they were ground away. Allow the
laminate to dry.
3. Mix a packet of 105/205 epoxy in a mixing cup. Refer to Mixing and Curing under
105 Epoxy General Use on the reverse side
of this sheet.
4. Thicken the epoxy mixture with 406 Adhesive Filler to a non-sagging mixture.
5. Fill the cavities with the
thickened epoxy mixture using the flat end
of the mixing
14
stick (14).
6. T r o w e l t h e
thickened epoxy flush with the surrounding hull using the side of the mixing stick.
Avoid overfilling the cavities because ep-
oxy thickened
with adhesive
filler is difficult to
sand. Wet sand
with 80-120-grit
w e t / d r y
15
sandpaper (15).
7. Apply y our
bottom paint of choice.Follow the paint
manufacturer’s recommendation for final
preparation and application. n
Repair machined holes in fiberglass laminate
The method for filling in removed thru-hull
fittings or fastener holes depends on the
thickness of the laminate, the diameter of
the hole and whether the hole is in a critical
area. Holes below the waterline and in
thinner laminates are considered critical
areas.
Repair holes in critical areas
The fiberglass included in this kit will repair
up to a 1" (2.5cm) diameter hole in a solid
¼" (6mm) fiberglass laminate. Thicker
laminates and larger holes will require
more fiberglass. The repair can be performed from one or both sides.
In addition to the materials in this kit, you
will need the following items:
¨ Disc sander w/60-grit sandpaper
¨ Scissors
¨ 180-grit wet/dry sandpaper.
1. Grind out
a r e a a r o und
hole and taper
the perimeter of
the hole to a
shallow (about
12:1) slope.
16
2. Cut multiple
pieces of fiberglass to fit within and fill the
void. Cut the bottom, largest layer about
¾" (19 mm) smaller than the width of the
void. Cut each successive layer about ¾"
(19 mm) smaller—3 8" (9 mm) on each
edge—than the layer below it.
3. Mix a packet of 105/205 epoxy in a mixing cup. Refer to Mixing and Curing under
105 Epoxy General Use on the reverse side
of this sheet.
4. Apply the largest piece of fiberglass in the
center of the void and saturate it with epoxy
using the disposable brush. Apply and satu-
rate the progressively
smaller pieces,
centering them
evenly over the
larger pieces.
17
Mix more epoxy
as necessary to
saturate all layers of fiberglass in the void
with epoxy. Allow the epoxy to cure until it
begins to gel.
5. Fair the surface when the
epoxy begins to
gel and is still
tacky. Mix a
packet of 105
Resin/205
18
Hardener.
Blend in 410 Fairing Filler to make a thick,
non-sagging mixture. Trowel this mixture
onto the fiberglass cloth with a mixing
stick. Smooth the mixture slightly higher
than the surrounding surface. Allow to
cure.
6. Sand the surface to shape. Refill any
voids as necessary.
7. Coat with unthickened epoxy to ensure
an excellent surface for the final finish. Allow to cure.
8. Wet sand with 180-grit sandpaper to
prepare for painting or gelcoat.
Repair holes in non-critical areas
Holes in thicker laminates above the water
line can generally be filled with epoxy without additional reinforcing. In addition to
the materials in this kit, you will need the
following items:
¨ drill with appropriate drill bit
¨ 180-grit wet/dry sandpaper.
1. Use a drill or
round file to
clean out and
abrade
the
sides of hole
a nd c ha m fe r
19
top edge of the
hole.
2. Place a piece of tape on the backside of
the hole if the hole goes all the way through
the laminate. (If there is no access to the
back of the hole force small piece of paper
towel into the bottom of the hole.)
3. Mix a packet of 105/205 epoxy in a mixing cup. Refer to Mixing and Curing under
105 Epoxy General Use on the reverse side
of this sheet.
Thicken the epoxy mixture with 406 Adhesive Filler to a “catsup” consistency.
4. Load the thickened mixture into a syringe. Trim the syringe tip to allow the ep-
oxy to flow easily. Place a small diameter
straw over the tip if necessary for deep
holes.
5. Inject the thickened mixture into the
hole. Mix additional epoxy as necessary to
fill the hole.
For holes more than ¼" in (6mm) diameter,
fill the hole in layers, with no layer thicker
than 3 8" (10mm). To avoid excessive heat,
allow each layer to gel before filling the
next layer.
6. Clean excess epoxy away with the flat
end of the mixing stick. Allow to cure for 24
hours at 70°F (21°C).
7. When the epoxy has cured, wet sand
with 180-grit to prepare for painting or
gelcoat. Follow the paint manufacturer's
recommendation for final preparation and
application. n
Repairing damaged lead keels
Keels deformed from impact or grounding
can be repaired with the materials in this
kit and the following items:
¨ Hammer
¨ Plane or coarse file
¨ Wire brush
¨ 80-grit sandpaper
¨ 180-grit wet/dry sandpaper.
1. Dry the damaged area. Use a heat gun,
heat lamp or fans to accelerate drying.
2. Remove any loose material. Always
wear an approved respirator when working around lead.
3. Hammer displaced lead toward voids. A
bulge each side
of a dent is typical. Some lead
may be forged
20
back into the
de nts
a nd
re-shaped.
4. Plane or file
remaining
bulge s flush
with flush the
21
surface.
5. Scrub the surface with a wire brush to
expose fresh lead.
6. Mix a packet of 105/205 epoxy in a mixing cup. Refer to Mixing and Curing under
105 Epoxy General Use on the reverse side
of this sheet.
7. Brush epoxy into the remaining voids.
For maximum adhesion, immediately
scrub the wet epoxy-coated metal surfaces with a wire brush.
8. Thicken the epoxy mixture remaining in
the cup with 410 Fairing Filler. Mix in
enough filler to make a thick, non-sagging
mixture.
9. T r o w e l t h e
mixture into the
voids, slightly
overfilling the
voids. Allow the
mixture to cure.
22
10. Sand the
s ur fa c e
to
shape with 80-grit sandpaper. Refill any
voids as necessary.
11. Apply several coats of unthickened epoxy over the repair and allow to cure. Wet
sand the final coat with 180-grit before applying bottom paint. Follow the paint manufacturer’s recommendation for final
preparation and application. n
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement