CN-0180: Precision Single-Supply Differential ADC Driver for...

CN-0180: Precision Single-Supply Differential ADC Driver for...
Circuit Note
CN-0180
Devices Connected/Referenced
Circuits from the Lab™ tested circuit designs address
common design challenges and are engineered for
quick and easy system integration. For more information
and/or support, visit www.analog.com/CN0180.
AD8475
Fully Differential Funnel Amplifier
and ADC Driver
AD7982
Fully Differential, 18-Bit, 1 MSPS SAR ADC
ADR435
Ultralow Noise XFET® Voltage Reference
with Current Sink and Source Capability
Precision, Low Power, Single-Supply, Fully Integrated Differential ADC Driver for
Industrial-Level Signals
EVALUATION AND DESIGN SUPPORT
CIRCUIT FUNCTION AND BENEFITS
Circuit Evaluation Boards
AD8475 Evaluation Board (EVAL-AD8475Z)
AD7982 Evaluation Board (EVAL-AD7982CBZ)
Converter Evaluation and Development Board
(EVAL-CED1Z)
Design and Integration Files
Schematics, Layout Files, Bill of Materials
Standard single-ended industrial signal levels of ±5 V, ±10 V,
and 0 V to +10 V are not directly compatible with the
differential input ranges of modern high performance 16-bit or
18-bit single-supply SAR ADCs. A suitable interface drive
circuit is required to attenuate, level shift, and convert the
industrial signal into a differential one with the correct
amplitude and common-mode voltage that match the input
requirements of the ADC.
+4.5V
+5V
4V
+2.5V
+10V
+2.5V
+1.8V TO +5V
+0.5V
+VS
VDD
+IN 0.4x
0V
20V
NC
–OUT
+IN 0.8x
20Ω
NC
–IN 0.8x
–IN 0.4x
+OUT
SDI
IN–
270pF
AD8475
–10V
SCK
AD7982
1.3nF
SDO
270pF
20Ω
CNV
IN+
VOCM
REF
–VS
GND
+4.5V
+7V TO +18V
+5V
4V
ADR435
VIO
2.5V
10kΩ
+5V
0.1µF
10kΩ
09411-001
+0.5V
Figure 1. Single-Ended-to-Differential ADC Driver (Simplified Schematic: All Connections and Decoupling Not Shown)
Rev. A
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CN-0180
Circuit Note
Whereas suitable interface circuits can be designed using
resistor networks and dual op amps, errors in the ratio matching
of the resistors, and between the amplifiers, produce errors at the
final output. Achieving the required output phase matching and
settling time can be a challenge, especially at low power levels.
The circuit shown in Figure 1 uses the AD8475 differential funnel
amplifier to perform attenuation, level shifting, and conversion to
differential without the need for any external components. The
ac and dc performances are compatible with those of the 18-bit,
1 MSPS AD7982 PulSAR® ADC and other 16- and 18-bit members
of the family, which have sampling rates up to 4 MSPS.
The AD8475 is a fully differential attenuating amplifier with
integrated precision thin film gain setting resistors. It provides
precision attenuation (by 0.4× or 0.8×), common-mode level
shifting, and single-ended-to-differential conversion along with
input overvoltage protection. Power dissipation on a single 5 V
supply is only 15 mW. The 18-bit, 1 MSPS AD7982 consumes
only 7 mW, which is 30× lower than competitive ADCs. The
total power dissipated by the combination is only 22 mW.
A 20 V p-p single-ended input signal produces a signal on each
differential output that swings between +0.5 V and +4.5 V, 180°
out of phase.
A 20 kHz, 20 V p-p input signal to the AD8475 results in a final
SNR of 96.3 dBFS and THD of −112.3 dBFS, both referenced to
the AD7982’s full-scale range as shown in the FFT plot in
Figure 2.
The signal levels shown in the summary data below the FFT
are measured at the input to the AD7982. Full-scale range at
this point is 10 V p-p differential. This is 25 V p-p reflected to
the input of the AD8475. The input test signal is 20 V p-p,
which results in a signal that is 2 dB below the full-scale input
of the ADC.
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
The AD8475 attenuating amplifier and AD7982 18-bit differential ADC can be used in a high precision analog front-end
system to process large voltages using a single 5 V supply.
The AD8475 is connected to attenuate the input signal by a
factor of 0.4×, accomplished through integrated precision
trimmed resistors. On a single 5 V supply, it can accept voltages
as large as 25 V p-p. The differential rail-to-rail outputs require
only 50 mV of headroom at low frequencies. The AD8475 can
be driven by a true differential input, or it can be driven by a
single-ended input and provide the single-ended-to-differential
conversion as shown in Figure 1.
09411-002
An RC network between the AD8475 and ADC provides a
single-pole filter that reduces undesirable aliasing effects and
high frequency noise. The common-mode bandwidth of
the filter is 29.5 MHz (20 Ω, 270 pF), and the differential
bandwidth is 3.1 MHz (40 Ω, 1.3 nF).
The AD7982 is an 18-bit successive approximation (SAR)
ADC that operates from a single power supply, VDD. The I/O
interface voltage, VIO, can range between 1.8 V and 5 V,
depending on the interface logic supply. The AD7892 has true
differential inputs that accept voltages of up to ±VREF. The
ADR435 is a 5 V, low noise (8 µV p-p, 0.1 Hz to 10 Hz), high
accuracy (±2 mV for B grade) voltage reference that provides
the REF voltage for the AD7982, as well as the supply voltage
for the AD8475 differential driver.
Figure 2. FFT Plot for 20 kHz Signal, 2 dB Below Full-Scale, with Sampling
Frequency of 1 MSPS
Note that under these conditions, the outputs of the AD8475
each swing within 500 mV of the supply rails and still yield
excellent distortion performance because of the rail-to-rail
output structure.
A complete design support documentation package for this
circuit note can be found at http://www.analog.com/CN0180DesignSupport.
A divider composed of two 10 kΩ resistors connected to the
ADR435 output is used to set the 2.5 V common-mode voltage
(VOCM) of the AD8475 outputs. This maximizes the dynamic
range of the ADC by positioning the input differential signals
around the optimum common-mode input voltage.
Rev. A | Page 2 of 4
Circuit Note
CN-0180
COMMON VARIATIONS
CIRCUIT EVALUATION AND TEST
The circuit is proven to work with good stability and accuracy
with component values shown. Other Analog Devices, Inc.,
analog-to-digital converters can be used in place of the AD7982
to achieve the maximum desired performance. The AD8475
is capable of driving up to 18-bit, 4 MSPS ADCs with minimal
degradation in performance. Faster sampling 18-bit ADCs
include the AD7984 (1.33 MSPS) and AD7986 (2 MSPS).
Differential 16-bit ADCs include the AD7688 (500 kSPS) and
the AD7693 (500 kSPS).
This circuit is tested using the AD8475 evaluation board
(EVAL-AD8475Z) connected to the Analog Devices PulSAR
evaluation board and software. The EVAL-AD8475Z is a
customer evaluation board intended to ease standalone testing
of AD8475 performance and functionality. The board also
enables quick testing with any of the Analog Devices SAR
converters—it provides output connectors that mate directly
with the analog input connectors (SMB) of the PulSAR
evaluation board (EVAL-AD7982CBZ). The ADC converter
evaluation and development board (EVAL-CED1Z) connects
the setup to a PC through a USB, as shown in Figure 3.
The AD8475 can also be used directly to drive single-ended
or pseudodifferential input ADCs. The AD8475’s rail-to-rail
outputs can be driven to within 0.5 V of each rail without
significant ac performance degradation.
The AD8475 can also provide a differential attenuation of 0.8×
by driving the IN 0.8× inputs. The supply voltage is flexible and
can range between a single 3 V to 10 V supply. Dual supply
operation is also possible up to ±5 V.
CONVERTER EVALUATION AND DEVELOPMENT BOARD (EVAL-CED1Z)
• NOT REQUIRED FOR STANDALONE EVALUATION
• COMMON TO MANY ANALOG DEVICES ADCs
• SOLD SEPARATELY FROM THE EVALUATION BOARD
• INCLUDES DC POWER SUPPLY
• INCLUDES USB CABLE
PC EQUIPPED WITH:
• WINDOWS XP OR WINDOWS 2000
• 1 USB 2.0 SLOT
ANALOG INPUT CONNECTORS (SMB)
PulSAR EVALUATION BOARD (EVAL-AD76xx-CBZ)
UNIVERSAL WORLD COMPATIBLE DC POWER SUPPLY (INCLUDED);
INCLUDES ADAPTERS FOR DIFFERENT COUNTRIES
Figure 3. SAR ADC Converter Evaluation Platform (Note That the AD8475 Differential Amplifier Evaluation Board Connects to the
SMB Analog Input Connectors of the PulSAR ADC Evaluation Board)
Rev. A | Page 3 of 4
09411-003
USB 2.0 CABLE (INCLUDED)
CN-0180
Circuit Note
Equipment Needed
In addition to the three evaluation boards, a +5 V power supply
is required for the AD8475 evaluation board. Alternately, the
ADR435 5 V REF output of the AD7982 board can be connected
to the AD8475 power supply input that configures the system as
shown in Figure 1. An ac wallwart supplies a +12 V dc output
for the CED1Z evaluation board. Appropriate voltages are
supplied to the AD7982 evaluation board from the CED1Z
board.
A suitable signal source such as an Audio Precision® AP2700 is
also required.
A PC with Windows® 2000 or Windows XP equipped with a
USB 2.0 port is needed to run the PulSAR evaluation software.
Getting Started
Connect the AD7982 evaluation board to the CED1Z board.
Connect the AD8475 evaluation board to the AD7982 board
using the SMB connectors on each board.
Kester, Walt. 2004. Analog-Digital Conversion. Analog Devices.
ISBN 0916550273. Chapter 9. Also available as The Data
Conversion Handbook. Elsevier/Newnes. 2005. ISBN
0750678410, Chapter 9.
Kester, Walt. 2006. High Speed System Applications. Analog
Devices. Chapter 2, “Optimizing Data Converter Interfaces.”
MT-031 Tutorial, Grounding Data Converters and Solving the
Mystery of “AGND” and “DGND,” Analog Devices.
MT-035 Tutorial, Op Amp Inputs, Outputs, Single-Supply, and
Rail-to-Rail Issues, Analog Devices.
MT-074 Tutorial, Differential Drivers for Precision ADCs,
Analog Devices.
MT-075 Tutorial, Differential Drivers for High Speed ADCs
Overview, Analog Devices.
MT-076 Tutorial, Differential Driver Analysis, Analog Devices.
MT-101 Tutorial, Decoupling Techniques, Analog Devices.
Install the software as described at http://www.analog.com/en/
analog-to-digital-converters/ad-converters/ad7982/products/
evaluation-boardstools/CU_PulsarADC_evaluation_tools/
resources/fca.html#EVAL-CED1Z.
Setup and Test
An Audio Precision AP2700 source was used to provide the
input signal to the AD8475. The PulSAR evaluation software,
which is LabVIEW® based, can be used to control the Audio
Precision input signals and also to monitor the ADC inputs
and output.
LEARN MORE
Data Sheets and Evaluation Boards
Converter Evaluation and Development (CED) Board
(EVAL-CED1Z)
PulSAR ADC Evaluation Platform
AD7982 Data Sheet
AD7982 Evaluation Board (EVAL-AD76XXCBZ)
AD8475 Data Sheet
AD8475 Evaluation Board (EVAL-AD8475Z).
ADR435 Data Sheet
REVISION HISTORY
CN0180 Design Support Package:
http://www.analog.com/CN0180-DesignSupport.
ADI DiffAmpCalcuator™ Design Tool.
Ardizzoni, John. “A Practical Guide to High-Speed PrintedCircuit-Board Layout,” Analog Dialogue (September 2005).
5/11—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Changes to Circuit Note Title, Added Evaluation and Design
Support Section..................................................................................1
Changes to Circuit Function and Benefits Section .......................1
Changes to Circuit Description Section .........................................2
Added Circuit Evaluation and Test Section ..................................3
Changes to Learn More Section ......................................................4
10/10—Rev. 0: Initial Version
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©2010-2011 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
CN09411-0-5/11(A)
Rev. A | Page 4 of 4
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