Описание схемы

Описание схемы
Circuit Note
CN-0237
Devices Connected/Referenced
Circuits from the Lab™ reference circuits are engineered and
tested for quick and easy system integration to help solve today’s
analog, mixed-signal, and RF design challenges. For more
information and/or support, visit www.analog.com/CN0237.
ADA4940-1/
ADA4940-2
Single/Dual, Ultralow Power, Low
Distortion Differential ADC Driver
AD7982
18-Bit, 1 MSPS PulSAR ADC
ADR395
Micropower, Low Noise, Precision 5 V
Bandgap Voltage Reference
Ultralow Power, 18-Bit, Differential PulSAR ADC Driver
EVALUATION AND DESIGN SUPPORT
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
Design and Integration Files
Schematics, Layout Files, Bill of Materials
Modern high resolution SAR ADCs, such as the AD7982 18-bit,
1 MSPS PulSAR® ADC, require a differential driver for optimum
performance. In such applications, the ADC driver takes either
a differential or single-ended signal and performs the level
shifting required to drive the input of the ADC at the right level.
CIRCUIT FUNCTION AND BENEFITS
The circuit, shown in Figure 1, uses the ultralow power AD7982
18-bit, 1 MSPS ADC driven by the ADA4940-1, a low power
fully differential amplifier. The ADR395, low noise precision 5.0
V voltage reference is used to supply the 5 V needed for the
ADC. All the ICs shown in Figure 1 are available in small
packages, either 3 mm × 3 mm LFCSP, or 3 mm × 5 mm MSOP,
which helps reduce board cost and space.
Figure 1 shows the ADA4940-1 differential amplifier level
shifting and driving the 18-bit AD7982 differential input
successive approximation PulSAR ADC. Using four resistors,
the ADA4940-1 can either buffer the signal with a gain = 1 or
amplify the signal for more dynamic range. The ac and dc
performances are compatible with those of the 18-bit, 1 MSPS
AD7982 PulSAR® ADC and other 16- and 18-bit members of
the family, which have sampling rates up to 2 MSPS. This circuit
can also accept a single-ended input signal to generate the same
fully differential output signal.
Power dissipation of the ADA4940-1 in the circuit is less than
9 mW. The 18-bit, 1 MSPS AD7982 ADC consumes only 7 mW
@ 1 MSPS, which is much lower than competitive ADCs
available in the market. This power also scales with the
throughput. The ADR395 consumes only 0.7mW, making the
total power dissipated by the system less than 17 mW.
+6.0V
ADR395
VIN+
R3
1kΩ
+5V
R4
1kΩ
10µF
+6.0V
+2.5V
+IN
R5
10kΩ
–OUT
VOCM
VIN–
–1.0V
R2
1kΩ
AD7982
33Ω
IN+
GND
SERIAL
INTERFACE
10144-001
–IN
ADA4940-1
VDD
IN–
2.7nF
+OUT
0.1µF
R1
1kΩ
REF
2.7nF
+2.5V
R6
10kΩ
33Ω
Figure 1. High Performance 18-Bit Differential ADC Driver (Simplified Schematic: All Connections and Decoupling Not Shown)
Rev.0
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each circuit, and their function and performance have been tested and verified in a lab environment at
room temperature. However, you are solely responsible for testing the circuit and determining its
suitability and applicability for your use and application. Accordingly, in no event shall Analog Devices
be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, consequential or punitive damages due to any cause
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©2011 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
CN-0237
Circuit Note
The AD7982 operates on a single VDD supply of 2.5 V. It
contains a low power, high speed, 18-bit sampling ADC and a
versatile serial interface port. The reference voltage (REF) is
applied externally from the ADR395 precision low dropout
(0.3 V) band gap reference, and can be set independently of the
supply voltage. The ADA4940-1 is dc coupled on the input and
the output and performs a differential or single-ended-todifferential conversion if needed. It also buffers the driving
signal. A single-pole 1.8 MHz R-C (33 Ω, 2.7 nF) noise filter is
placed between the op amp output and the ADC input. The
filter also provides some isolation between the op amp output
and the switching spikes at the ADC input due to the internal
sample-and-hold function.
If R1 = R2 = R3 = R4 = 1 kΩ, the single-ended input impedance
is approximately 1.33 kΩ. An external 52.3 Ω termination
resistor provides a 50 Ω termination for the source. An
additional 25.5 Ω (1025.5 Ω total) at the inverting input
balances the parallel impedance of the 50 Ω source and
the termination resistor driving the noninverting input
(52.3 Ω || 50 Ω = 25.5 Ω). However, if a differential source input
is used, the differential input impedance is 2 kΩ. In this case, two
52.3 Ω termination resistors are used to terminate each input
if needed.
10144-002
The ADA4940-1 is driven with a 7 V supply (+6 V and –1 V) in
order to provide sufficient headroom on the outputs, which must
swing from 0 V to +5 V for a full-scale input to the ADC.
The gain is set by the ratio of the feedback resistor (R2 = R4) to
the gain resistor (R1 = R3). In addition, the circuit can be used
to convert either single-ended or differential inputs to a differential
output. If needed, a termination resistor in parallel with the
input can be used. Whether the input is a single-ended input or
differential input, the input impedance of the amplifier can be
calculated as show in the MT-076 Tutorial and in the DiffAmpCalc™
Differential Amplifier Calculator (www.analog.com/diffampcalc).
Figure 2. FFT Plot (32,000 Point) for 20 kHz Signal, 0.5 dB Below Full Scale, with Sampling Frequency of 1 MSPS
Rev. 0 | Page 2 of 5
Circuit Note
CN-0237
For the tests on this circuit, the signal generator provided a
10 V p-p differential output. The VOCM input is bypassed for noise
reduction and set externally with 1% resistors to maximize the
output dynamic range on the 5 V reference. With an output
common-mode voltage of 2.5 V, each ADA4940-1 output swings
between 0 V and 5 V, opposite in phase, providing a gain of 1
and a 10 V p-p differential signal to the ADC input.
converters can be used in place of the AD7982 to achieve the
maximum desired performance. The ADA4940-1/ ADA4940-2
is optimum for driving 16-bit and 18-bit ADCs with minimal
degradation in performance. Faster sampling 18-bit ADCs
include the AD7984 (1.33 MSPS) and AD7986 (2 MSPS).
Differential 16-bit ADCs include the AD7688 (500 kSPS) and
the AD7693 (500 kSPS).
The FFT performance is shown in Figure 2 and is summarized
as follows:
The ADA4940-1/ADA4940-2 rail-to-rail outputs can be driven
to within 0.5 V of each power rail without significant ac
performance degradation. Other differential ADC drivers such
as the AD8137 and ADA4941-1 can also be used to replace the
ADA4940-1 for other applications when speed, input
impedance, or other factors dictate.
•
•
•
•
SNR = 95.06 dBFS (excluding harmonics)
SINAD = 95.03 dBFS
SFDR = 105.02 dBFS
THD = −115.89 dBFS
CIRCUIT EVALUATION AND TEST
The INL and DNL performance are shown in Figure 3.
COMMON VARIATIONS
10144-003
The circuit is proven to work with good stability and accuracy
with component values shown. Other analog-to-digital
This circuit was tested using a modified EVAL-AD7982SDZ
PulSAR AD7982 evaluation board connected to the converter
evaluation and development board (EVAL-CED1Z).
The AD7982 evaluation board was modified to accept the
ADA4940-1 differential ADC driver and the ADR395 reference.
Figure 3. INL and DNL Plot for 20 kHz Signal, with Sampling Frequency of 1 MSPS
Rev. 0 | Page 3 of 5
CN-0237
Circuit Note
programming or controlling the device, transmitting or receiving
data over a USB link as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5.
The EVAL-AD7982SDZ is a customer evaluation board
intended to ease standalone testing of performance and
functionality for the 18-bit AD7982 PulSAR ADC.
Equipment Needed
In addition to the two evaluation boards, the external power
supplies of +6 V and –1 V were required for the ADA4940-1.
A "wall wart" supplied the +7.5 V dc voltage for the
EVAL-CED1Z. Other appropriate voltages were supplied to
the AD7982 evaluation board from the EVAL-CED1Z.
The EVAL-CED1Z board is a platform intended for use in
evaluation, demonstration, and development of systems using
Analog Devices precision converters. It provides the necessary
communications between the converter and the PC,
CONVERTER EVALUATION AND
DEVELOPMENT BOARD (EVAL-CED1Z)
PulSAR EVALUATION BOARD
(MODIFIED EVAL-AD7982SDZ)
PC RUNNING
WINDOWS XP
OR HIGHER
WITH USB PORT
HIGH SPEED
USB 2.0 CABLE
(INCLUDED)
POWER SUPPLY:
+6V
10144-004
POWER SUPPLY:
+7.5V DC @ 2A
(INCLUDED)
POWER SUPPLY:
−1V
Figure 4. PulSAR ADC Evaluation Platform
–1V
POWER
SUPPLY
AGILENT
E3630A
POWER
SUPPLY
+6V
+7V @ 2A
ADR
395
ADR395
IN+
SIGNAL
GENERATOR
AD7982
CED
PC
(USB)
IN–
ADA4940-1
EVAL-AD7982SDZ
(MODIFIED)
Figure 5. Test Setup Functional Block Diagram
Rev. 0 | Page 4 of 5
EVAL-CED1Z
10144-005
AUDIO PRECISION
SYS-2702
Circuit Note
CN-0237
A low distortion signal source, the Audio Precision® SYS-2702,
was used to achieve the required performance. A PC with
Windows® XP or Windows 7 equipped with an USB port was
used to run the PulSAR evaluation software.
Getting Started
The software was installed as described at
LEARN MORE
CN-0237 Design Support Package:
www.analog.com/CN0237-DesignSupport
DiffAmpCalc: Differential Amplifier Calculator:
www.analog.com/diffampcalc
Ardizzoni, John. A Practical Guide to High-Speed PrintedCircuit-Board Layout, Analog Dialogue 39-09, September
2005.
www.analog.com/EVAL-CED1Z, and
www.analog.com/AD7982_adc_EVAL-CED1Z
The modified AD7982 evaluation board was connected to the
EVAL-CED1Z. The +7.5 V wall wart was connected to the
EVAL-CED1Z. The external power supplies of +6 V and −1 V
were connected to the AD7982 evaluation board.
Setup and Test
An Audio Precision SYS-2702 source was used to provide the
input signal to the AD7982 evaluation board. The PulSAR
evaluation software, which is LabVIEW® based, was used to
control the Audio Precision input signals and also to monitor
the ADC inputs and output.
MT-031 Tutorial, Grounding Data Converters and Solving the
Mystery of “AGND” and “DGND”, Analog Devices.
MT-074 Tutorial, Differential Drivers for Precision ADCs,
Analog Devices.
MT-075 Tutorial, Differential Drivers for High Speed ADCs
Overview, Analog Devices.
MT-076 Tutorial, Differential Driver Analysis, Analog Devices.
MT-101 Tutorial, Decoupling Techniques, Analog Devices.
Data Sheets and Evaluation Boards
The software allows the collection and processing of INL, DNL,
and FFT data as shown in Figure 2, Figure 3, and Figure 4.
ADA4940-1 Data Sheet
ADA4940-2 Data Sheet
ADA4940 Evaluation Board
AD7982 Data Sheet
AD7982 Evaluation Board
ADR395 Data Sheet
REVISION HISTORY
10/10—Revision 0: Initial Version
(Continued from first page) Circuits from the Lab circuits are intended only for use with Analog Devices products and are the intellectual property of Analog Devices or its licensors. While you
may use the Circuits from the Lab circuits in the design of your product, no other license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patents or other intellectual property by
application or use of the Circuits from the Lab circuits. Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, "Circuits from the Lab" are supplied "as is"
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reserves the right to change any Circuits from the Lab circuits at any time without notice but is under no obligation to do so.
©2011 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
CN10144-0-10/11(0)
Rev. 0 | Page 5 of 5
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