Evaluation Board User Guide UG-269

Evaluation Board User Guide UG-269
Evaluation Board User Guide
UG-269
One Technology Way • P.O. Box 9106 • Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A. • Tel: 781.329.4700 • Fax: 781.461.3113 • www.analog.com
Evaluating the AD9837 Low Power, 8.5 mW, 2.3 V to 5.5 V,
Programmable Waveform Generator
FEATURES
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Full featured evaluation board for the AD9837 evaluation
board
Graphical user interface software for board control and data
analysis
Connector to EVAL-SDP-CB1Z system demonstration
platform (SDP) board
Various power supply and reference link options
The AD9837 is a 16 MHz low power DDS device capable of
producing high performance sine and triangular outputs. It
also has an on-board comparator that allows a square wave to
be produced for clock generation. Consuming only 20 mW of
power at 3 V makes the AD9837 an ideal candidate for powersensitive applications.
The EVAL-AD9837SDZ board is used in conjunction with a
EVAL-SDP-CB1Z SDP board available from Analog Devices, Inc.
The USB-to-SPI communication to the AD9837 is completed
using this Blackfin®-based development board.
APPLICATIONS
Biomedical sensors
Bioelectrical impedance analysis
Electrochemical analysis
Impedance spectroscopy
Complex impedance measurement
Nondestructive testing
A high performance, on-board 16 MHz trimmed general oscillator
is available to use as the master clock for the AD9837 system.
Various links and SMB connectors are also available on the
EVAL-AD9837SDZ board to maximize usability.
Complete specifications for the AD9837 are provided in the
AD9837 data sheet, available from Analog Devices, and should
be consulted in conjunction with this user guide when using the
evaluation board.
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
EVAL-SDP-CB1Z
MCLK XO
REF196
MCLK
VOUT
AD9837
FSYNC SCLK SDATA
USB
09806-001
SPORT
Figure 1.
PLEASE SEE THE LAST PAGE FOR AN IMPORTANT
WARNING AND LEGAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
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Evaluation Board User Guide
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1
Select External MCLK Frequency ...............................................6
Applications ....................................................................................... 1
Loading Frequency and Phase Registers ....................................6
General Description ......................................................................... 1
FSK and PSK Functionality..........................................................6
Functional Block Diagram .............................................................. 1
Waveform Options ........................................................................6
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Reset and Sweep ............................................................................7
Evaluation Board Software .............................................................. 3
Example of Operation ...................................................................7
Installing the Software ................................................................. 3
Evaluation Board Schematics and Layout ......................................8
Running the Software .................................................................. 4
Ordering Information .................................................................... 11
Using the Evaluation Board Software ............................................ 5
Bill of Materials ........................................................................... 11
Setting Up the Digital Interface .................................................. 5
REVISION HISTORY
8/12—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Change to Table 1 ............................................................................. 4
4/11—Revision 0: Initial Version
Rev. A | Page 2 of 12
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EVALUATION BOARD SOFTWARE
INSTALLING THE SOFTWARE
The EVAL-AD9837SDZ evaluation kit includes the software and
drivers on CD. The software is compatible with Windows® XP,
Windows Vista, and Windows 7.
To install the software, follow these steps:
2.
3.
4.
Install the software before connecting the SDP board to the
USB port of the PC.
Start the Windows operating system and insert the
EVAL-AD9837SDZ evaluation kit CD.
Download the AD9837SDZ LabVIEW® software. The correct
driver, SDPDriversNET, for the SDP board should download
automatically after LabVIEW is downloaded, supporting
5.
09806-002
1.
both 32- and 64-bit systems. However, if the drivers do not
download automatically, the driver executable file can also
be found in the Program Files/Analog Devices folder.
Follow the on-screen prompts to install the SDPDriverNet
Version 1.3.6.0.
After installation of the software and drivers is complete, plug
the EVAL-AD9837SDZ into the SDP board and the SDP
board into the PC using the USB cable included in the box.
When the software detects the evaluation board, proceed
through any dialog boxes that appear to finalize the
installation (Found New Hardware Wizard/Install the
Software Automatically and so on).
Figure 2. Hardware Device Manager Window with SDP Board Plugged In
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Evaluation Board User Guide
RUNNING THE SOFTWARE
Table 1. Default Setup for Link Positions
To run the evaluation board program, do the following:
Link No.
LK1
Position
Out
LK2
A
LK3
LK4
A
A
2.
3.
Click Start/All Programs/Analog Devices/AD9837/
AD9837 Eval Board.
If the SDP board is not connected to the USB port when
the software is launched, a connectivity error displays (see
Figure 3). Simply connect the evaluation board to the USB
port of the PC, wait a few seconds, click Rescan, and follow
the instructions.
Ensure that all links are in their correct locations (see Table 1).
The main window of the AD9837DBZ evaluation software
then opens, as shown in Figure 4.
09806-003
1.
Function
Decouple the CAP/2.5V pin to ground
because VDD is >2.7 V.
On-board linear regulator selected to
supply power to the general oscillator.
On-board crystal oscillator selected.
3.3 V digital supply for the AD9837 supplied
from the EVAL-SDP-CB1Z SDP board.
Figure 3. Pop-Up Window Error
Rev. A | Page 4 of 12
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09806-004
USING THE EVALUATION BOARD SOFTWARE
Figure 4. AD9837 DDS Evaluation Software
SETTING UP THE DIGITAL INTERFACE
The first software step in setting up the AD9837 to make
some measurements to set the DIGITAL INTERFACE. The
EVAL-SDP-CB1Z has two connectors plugs: connectorA and
connectorB. Select which connector you want to use with the
AD9837 evaluation board from the drop-down menu.
09806-005
The SPI Frame Frequency (/SYNC) box and SCLK Frequency
box can also be set in this window. If the SPI interface speed has
not been decided upon, leave the default values shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5. Digital Interface
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Evaluation Board User Guide
FSK AND PSK FUNCTIONALITY
Having selected the digital interface specifics, next use the
EXTERNAL MCLK box to choose which frequency to use. The
boards are supplied with a 75 MHz general oscillator. If a different
clock source is required, the CLK1 SMB connector can be used
to supply a different MCLK value.
In software mode, the AD9837 can be set up for FSK or PSK
functionality by simply entering the bit rate in milliseconds
and selecting the push-button option (see Figure 8).
Two options for the general oscillator include the AEL3013
oscillators from AEL Crystals and the SG-310SCN oscillators
from Epson Electronics.
09806-008
SELECT EXTERNAL MCLK FREQUENCY
Figure 8. FSK and PSK Functionality
WAVEFORM OPTIONS
09806-006
The output waveform can be selected as a sinusoidal waveform
or a ramp waveform. The internal comparator in the AD9837
can be disabled or enabled (see Figure 9). The MSB or the
MSB/2 of the phase accumulator can be selected as the output
on the SIGN BIT OUT pin.
Figure 6. EXTERNAL MCLK Input
The desired output frequency and output phase can be loaded
using the inputs shown in Figure 7. Either the FREQ 0 register or
the FREQ 1 register can be loaded with frequency data. The
frequency data is loaded in megahertz, and the equivalent hex code
is shown to the right once data is entered; click Enter to load
data. Once data is loaded, the output appears on the IOUT1 and
IOUT2 pins. Similarly, either the PHASE 0 register or PHASE 1
register can be selected, and the phase data is loaded in degrees.
The analog output frequency from the AD9837 is defined by
09806-009
LOADING FREQUENCY AND PHASE REGISTERS
Figure 9. Waveform Profile and SIGN BIT OUT Pin
Power-Down Options
The AD9837 has various power-down options selected through
the control register. The part can disable the MCLK or disable
the DAC if just the MSB output is used on the SIGN BIT OUT
pin, or it can power down both sections for a lower power sleep
mode (see Figure 10).
fMCLK/228 × FREQREG
where FREQREG is the value loaded into the selected frequency
register in decimals. This signal is phase shifted by
where PHASEREG is the value contained in the selected phase
register in decimals.
09806-010
2π/4096 × PHASEREG
09806-007
Figure 10. Power-Down Options
Figure 7. Frequency and Phase Load
Rev. A | Page 6 of 12
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UG-269
EXAMPLE OF OPERATION
The reset software command is set using the push-button shown in
Figure 11. To setup a DDS sweep, click Sweep.
An example of configuring the AD9837 to output 10 kHz follows:
09806-011
RESET AND SWEEP
1.
2.
Figure 11. Software Reset and Sweep Select
The sweep function allows users to load a start frequency, stop
frequency, increment size, number of loops, and delay between
each frequency increment. These commands are then loaded to
the part automatically from the EVAL-SDP-CB1Z board.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Plug the EVAL-SDP-CB1Z board into the
EVAL-AD9837SDZ board and connect to the USB port.
Start up the software located at Start/All Programs/
Analog Devices/AD9837/AD9837 Eval Board. You should
see the SDP board communicating with the PC.
Select connectorA or connectorB; this must match what
the AD9837 test chip is connected to.
Define MCLK; the default is an on-board 16 MHz
oscillator.
Ensure that all links are in the correct locations (see Table 1).
Select the FREQ 1 register.
Load a 10 kHz excitation frequency and click Enter.
The output should appear on the IOUT and IOUTB outputs on
the evaluation board.
For the FREQ 0 register,
•
•
Select the FREQ 0 register.
Load the FREQ 0 register with 20 kHz and click Enter.
09806-012
For the FREQ 1 register,
•
Select the FREQ 1 register to load the 10 kHz associated
with this register.
Figure 12. Sweep Functionality
CH1 FREQ
10kHz
CH1 p-p
596mV
CH1 100mV
M20µs
T
0s
A CH1
182mV
Figure 13. 10 kHz Output Signals on an IOUT Test Point
Rev. A | Page 7 of 12
09806-013
1
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Evaluation Board User Guide
0 9 806-0 14
EVALUATION BOARD SCHEMATICS AND LAYOUT
Figure 14. AD9837 Schematic Part A
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09806-015
Evaluation Board User Guide
Figure 15. AD9837 Schematic Part B
Rev. A | Page 9 of 12
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09806-016
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Figure 16. Evaluation Board Layout
Rev. A | Page 10 of 12
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ORDERING INFORMATION
BILL OF MATERIALS
Table 2.
Reference Designator
C1, C2, C4 to C7, C9, C17, C19
C3
C8, C10, C11
C16
C18
CLK1, VOUT1
FSYNC, MCLK, SCLK, SDATA
G1
J1
J3, J4
LK1
LK2, LK3, LK4
Description
0.1 µF ceramic capacitor, 50 V, X7R, ±10%, 0603
0.01 µF capacitor, 0603, 10 V, X5R, 10%
10 µF, 10 V, SMD tantalum capacitor, ±10%, RTAJ_A
1 µF capacitor, 10 V, Y5V, 0603, +80%, −20%
10 µF ceramic capacitor, 10 V, 10%, X5R, 0805
Straight PCB mount SMB jack, 50 Ω
Red test point
Copper short, ground link, component link
120-way connector, 0.6 mm pitch, receptacle
2-pin terminal block (5 mm pitch)
2-pin SIL header and shorting link
3-pin SIL header and shorting link
Manufacturer
Murata
Kemet
AVX
Yageo
Murata
Tyco
Vero
Not applicable
HRS (Hirose)
Campden
Harwin
Harwin
R1, R2
R3 1
R4
U1
U2
100 kΩ SMD resistor, 0603, 1%
SMD resistor, 0603, 1%
50 Ω SMD resistor, 0603, 1%
32K I2C serial EEPROM, MSOP-8
Precision micropower, low dropout, low voltage references,
8-lead TSSOP
Low power, 8.5 mW, 2.3 V to 5.5 V, programmable
waveform generator, 10-lead LFCSP
Red test point
3 mm NPTH hole
16 MHz, 3 mm × 2 mm SMD clock oscillator
Multicomp
Multicomp
Multicomp
Microchip
Analog Devices
Part Number
GRM188R71H104KA93D
C0603C103K5RACTU
TAJA106K010R
CC0603ZRY5V6BB105
GRM21BR61A106KE19L
1-1337482-0
20-313137
Not applicable
FX8-120S-SV(21)
CTB5000/2
M20-9990246
M20-9990345 and
M7567-05
MC 0.063W 0603 1% 100K
MC 0.063W 0603 0R
MC 0.063W 0603 1% 50r
24LC32A-I/MS
REF196GRUZ
Analog Devices
AD9837BCPZ
Vero
Not applicable
Epson
20-313137
MTHOLE-3mm
SG-310 Series
U3
VOUT
X1, X2
Y1
1
Do not install.
Rev. A | Page 11 of 12
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Evaluation Board User Guide
NOTES
ESD Caution
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Charged devices and circuit boards can discharge without detection. Although this product features patented or proprietary protection
circuitry, damage may occur on devices subjected to high energy ESD. Therefore, proper ESD precautions should be taken to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.
Legal Terms and Conditions
By using the evaluation board discussed herein (together with any tools, components documentation or support materials, the “Evaluation Board”), you are agreeing to be bound by the terms and conditions
set forth below (“Agreement”) unless you have purchased the Evaluation Board, in which case the Analog Devices Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale shall govern. Do not use the Evaluation Board until you
have read and agreed to the Agreement. Your use of the Evaluation Board shall signify your acceptance of the Agreement. This Agreement is made by and between you (“Customer”) and Analog Devices, Inc.
(“ADI”), with its principal place of business at One Technology Way, Norwood, MA 02062, USA. Subject to the terms and conditions of the Agreement, ADI hereby grants to Customer a free, limited, personal,
temporary, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, non-transferable license to use the Evaluation Board FOR EVALUATION PURPOSES ONLY. Customer understands and agrees that the Evaluation Board is provided
for the sole and exclusive purpose referenced above, and agrees not to use the Evaluation Board for any other purpose. Furthermore, the license granted is expressly made subject to the following additional
limitations: Customer shall not (i) rent, lease, display, sell, transfer, assign, sublicense, or distribute the Evaluation Board; and (ii) permit any Third Party to access the Evaluation Board. As used herein, the term
“Third Party” includes any entity other than ADI, Customer, their employees, affiliates and in-house consultants. The Evaluation Board is NOT sold to Customer; all rights not expressly granted herein, including
ownership of the Evaluation Board, are reserved by ADI. CONFIDENTIALITY. This Agreement and the Evaluation Board shall all be considered the confidential and proprietary information of ADI. Customer may
not disclose or transfer any portion of the Evaluation Board to any other party for any reason. Upon discontinuation of use of the Evaluation Board or termination of this Agreement, Customer agrees to
promptly return the Evaluation Board to ADI. ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS. Customer may not disassemble, decompile or reverse engineer chips on the Evaluation Board. Customer shall inform ADI of any
occurred damages or any modifications or alterations it makes to the Evaluation Board, including but not limited to soldering or any other activity that affects the material content of the Evaluation Board.
Modifications to the Evaluation Board must comply with applicable law, including but not limited to the RoHS Directive. TERMINATION. ADI may terminate this Agreement at any time upon giving written notice
to Customer. Customer agrees to return to ADI the Evaluation Board at that time. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. THE EVALUATION BOARD PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND ADI MAKES NO
WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO IT. ADI SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY REPRESENTATIONS, ENDORSEMENTS, GUARANTEES, OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, RELATED
TO THE EVALUATION BOARD INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, TITLE, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NONINFRINGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY RIGHTS. IN NO EVENT WILL ADI AND ITS LICENSORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM CUSTOMER’S POSSESSION OR USE OF
THE EVALUATION BOARD, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS, DELAY COSTS, LABOR COSTS OR LOSS OF GOODWILL. ADI’S TOTAL LIABILITY FROM ANY AND ALL CAUSES SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE
AMOUNT OF ONE HUNDRED US DOLLARS ($100.00). EXPORT. Customer agrees that it will not directly or indirectly export the Evaluation Board to another country, and that it will comply with all applicable
United States federal laws and regulations relating to exports. GOVERNING LAW. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the substantive laws of the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts (excluding conflict of law rules). Any legal action regarding this Agreement will be heard in the state or federal courts having jurisdiction in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, and Customer hereby
submits to the personal jurisdiction and venue of such courts. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods shall not apply to this Agreement and is expressly disclaimed.
©2011–2012 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
UG09806-0-8/12(A)
Rev. A | Page 12 of 12
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