Evaluation Board User Guide UG-109

Evaluation Board User Guide UG-109
Evaluation Board User Guide
UG-109
One Technology Way • P.O. Box 9106 • Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A. • Tel: 781.329.4700 • Fax: 781.461.3113 • www.analog.com
Evaluation Board for Fractional-N/Integer-N PLL Frequency Synthesizer
of the board is shown in Figure 1. It contains the ADF4350
synthesizer, a USB connector and related interface, a 25 MHz
TCXO reference source, SMA connectors for the RF outputs,
and reference signal plus headers for various signals and
voltages. There is also a loop filter (35 kHz) on board. A USB
cable is included with the board to connect to a PC USB port.
FEATURES
Self-contained board including PLL, VCO, loop filter (35 kHz),
25 MHz TCXO reference, USB interface, and voltage
regulators
Accompanying software allows control of synthesizer
functions from a PC
Choice of power supply via USB or external feeding
Typical phase noise performance of −99 dBc/Hz @ 1 kHz
offset from carrier (1 GHz output frequency)
The package also contains Windows® software (2000- and XPcompatible) to allow easy programming of the synthesizer.
EVALUATION KIT CONTENTS
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
Evaluation board software CD
USB cable
EVAL-ADF4350EB1Z
The EVAL-ADF4350EB1Z is designed to evaluate the performance of the ADF4350 frequency synthesizer. A digital picture
08907-001
DIGITAL PICTURE OF EVALUATION BOARD
Figure 1.
PLEASE SEE THE LAST PAGE FOR AN IMPORTANT
WARNING AND LEGAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1
RF Output .......................................................................................3
General Description ......................................................................... 1
Loop Filter ......................................................................................3
Evaluation Kit Contents ................................................................... 1
Reference Source ...........................................................................3
Digital Picture of Evaluation Board ............................................... 1
Evaluation Setup ................................................................................4
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Evaluation Board Software ...............................................................5
Evaluation Board Hardware ............................................................ 3
Evaluation Board Schematics and Artwork ...................................6
Overview........................................................................................ 3
Ordering Information .................................................................... 10
Power Supplies .............................................................................. 3
Bill of Materials ........................................................................... 10
REVISION HISTORY
3/10—Revsion 0: Initial Version
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EVALUATION BOARD HARDWARE
OVERVIEW
RF OUTPUT
The EVAL-ADF4350EB1Z comes with a cable for connecting to
the USB port of a PC. The silk screen for the evaluation board is
shown in Figure 8. The board schematic is shown in Figure 5,
Figure 6, and Figure 7.
The EVAL-ADF4350EB1Z has two SMA output connectors
(differential outputs). The device is quite sensitive to impedance
unbalance. If only one port of a differential pair is used, terminate the other with a 50 Ω load. If the user wishes to utilize the
auxiliary outputs, use the EVAL-ADF4350EB2Z.
POWER SUPPLIES
An LED, D6, indicates when USB power is available, and
another LED, D5, indicates when the ADF4350 is powered.
Switch S1 is used to power the ADF4350 from the external
dc connectors USB port and Switch S2 to power from the
USB port.
In case the USB processor or clock causes spurs on the RF
output signal, the user may feed the evaluation board via the
dc connectors and unplug the USB cable, thereby removing
power from the USB interface circuitry. There is also a
grounded frame surrounding the USB interface circuitry
to allow mounting of a shielding box.
LOOP FILTER
The loop filter schematic is included in the board schematic on
Figure 5. The loop filter component placements are clarified in
Figure 2.
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The EVAL-ADF4350EB1Z can be powered either from the
USB port or via dc power connectors (4 mm banana connectors). When feeding via banana connectors, 3.75 V to 5.5 V is
a suitable feeding voltage. The power supply circuitry allows
the user to use one or two separate LDOs to feed the ADF4350
(using fewer LDOs increases the risk of spur contaminated dc
feeds). Consult the board schematic in Figure 5, Figure 6, and
Figure 7 to determine a suitable setting.
Figure 2. Loop Filter Placement
REFERENCE SOURCE
The 25 MHz TCXO from Rakon Limited provides the necessary
reference signal. An external REFIN may be used if desired. In
this case, disable the on-board TCXO by removing R1 and R2.
R9 can be populated with 50 Ω to adjust impedance matching
of the evaluation board to the external reference source.
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EVALUATION SETUP
REFERENCE (OPTIONAL)
REFERENCE IN/
REFERENCE OUT
USB CRYSTAL
AND PROCESSOR
TCXO
LOCK DETECT LED
EXTERNAL DC
SUPPLY
EXTERNAL DC
GND
EXTERNAL
POWER
SWITCH
USB
POWER
SWITCH
ADF4350
PLL
POWER
LED
SPECTRUM
ANALYZER
LOOP
FILTER
50Ω
TERMINATION
Figure 3. Evaluation Setup
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08907-003
PC
USB
POWER
LED
Evaluation Board User Guide
UG-109
EVALUATION BOARD SOFTWARE
The control software for the EVAL-ADF4350 accompanies the
EVAL-ADF4350EB1Z on a CD. To install the software, use the
following steps:
1.
2.
3.
Click setup.exe.
The install wizard guides you through the installation
process. The software is installed in a default directory
called C:/Program Files/Analog Devices/ADF4350.
To run the software, click the .exe file.
The main interface window appears (see Figure 4). Confirm
that USB OK is displayed on the right side of the screen. Otherwise, the software has no connection to the evaluation board.
It is also possible to disconnect the USB by clicking the
Disconnect USB button. Should this happen, no data is sent
to the part. This function is to be used before disconnecting
the board from the USB connection. When the board is
connected again, click the USB connect button to enable the
programming of the part. This ensures the PC does not freeze
up when the USB cable is disconnected.
Use the Output Frequency section to control the output
frequency. You may specify two frequencies, and select which
one the device operates at. For some frequencies, the device can
operate in two modes: the low end of the VCO band or the high
end plus an extra divide by two. To control which mode is used,
select Minimum Output Divider in the Options section.
The device can be set to toggle between the two set frequencies
by selecting Alternate in the Dynamic section. The time spent
on each frequency is set in the Approximate Delay field. To
stop, click Stop. There is also a possibility to sweep from f1 to
f2 with the channel spacing resolution with approximate delay
time spent on each frequency.
It is also possible to select Low Spur Mode or Low Noise Mode
for the frac-N mode in the Options section. Here you can also
set the cycle slip reduction bit.
The Settings section displays selected settings. Click Registers to
display every bit of the register settings. To download these to
the device, click Update ALL.
08907-004
Use the Reference section to set correct reference frequency
and reference frequency divider. The reference TCXO on the
evaluation board runs at 25 MHz. To force the device to operate
in integer-N mode, set the R divider so that the PFD frequency
(displayed in the Settings section) equals the channel spacing
(set in the Output Frequency section) and select the Integer-N
when possible check box (in the Options section).
The Outputs section controls the charge pump current setting,
the output power setting, and the multiplexer output setting.
Figure 4. Software Front Panel
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EVALUATION BOARD SCHEMATICS AND ARTWORK
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Figure 5. Evaluation Board Schematic (Page 1)
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Figure 6. Evaluation Board Schematic (Page 2)
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Figure 7. Evaluation Board Schematic (Page 3)
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Evaluation Board User Guide
Figure 8. Evaluation Board Silk Screen
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ORDERING INFORMATION
BILL OF MATERIALS
Table 1.
Qty
1
1
1
4
21
10
1
3
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
11
13
3
1
4
2
3
3
1
1
13
3
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Reference Designator
C1
C2
C3
C4, C27, C32, C34
C5, C8, C10, C13, C17, C18, C21, C22,
C25, C28, C29, C30, C53, C54, C55, C57,
C58, C59, C60, C61, C69
C6, C7, C14, C15, C16, C19, C20, C23,
C52, C56
C9
C11, C12, C49
C24, C36
C26, C35
C31, C62
C33
C47, C50
D1, D6
D2, D4
D5
L1, L4
L2, L3
L10
R1
R2, R38
R3, R4, R10, R13, R20, R22, R51, R52,
R56, R58, R59
R5, R6, R8, R9, R11, R14, R18, R21,
R46, R53, R54, R55, R57
R7, R44, R45
R12
R15, R16, R17, R19
R23, R27
R24 to R26
R39, R49, R50
R40
R41
3V3_USB, 5V_USB, AVDD, CE, CLK, DATA,
LD, LE, MUXOUT, PDRF, T1, T2, VOUT
REFIN, RFOUTA+, RFOUTA−
S1, S2
U1
U2, U3
U5
U6
U7
USB
GND
VSUPPLY
Y1
Y1 (ALT)
Y2
Description
Ceramic capacitor, 2.7 nF, 0603, 100 V, X7R
Ceramic capacitor, 47 nF, 0603, 25 V, X7R
Ceramic capacitor, 680 pF, 0603, 50 V, X7R, SMD
Capacitor, 1 μF, 0603, 10 V, X5R
Ceramic capacitor, 0.1 μF, 0402, 16 V, X7R
Ceramic capacitor, 10 pF, 0402, 50 V, NP0
Ceramic capacitor+, 1 μF, 0805, RTAJ_A, 16 V, X7R
Ceramic capacitor, 1 nF, 0603, 50 V, NP0
Ceramic capacitor, 120 pF, 0402, 50 V, NP0
Ceramic capacitor, 1 nF, 0402, 50 V, NP0
Ceramic capacitor, 12 pF, 0603, 50 V, NPO, SMD
Capacitor+, 22 μF, 16 V, RTAJ_B, tantalum TAJ-B 22UF, 10%
Ceramic capacitor, 1 μF, 0603, 25 V, X5R
0805 green LED
Zener diode, 6.8 V, SOT-23, 350 MW
0805 red LED
Inductor, 0 Ω 0402 SMD resistor
Inductor, 7.5 nH L0402 0402 chip inductor
0603 ferrite bead
Resistor, 360 Ω, 0603, SMD
Resistor, 1 kΩ, 0603, SMD
Resistor, 0 Ω, 0603, SMD
Resistor location, DNI, 0603—not inserted
Resistor 100 Ω 0603 SMD
Resistor 4.7 kΩ, 0603, SMD
Resistor, 10 kΩ, 0603, SMD
Resistor, 0 Ω, 0402, SMD
Resistor, DNI, 0603, SMD
Resistor, 2.2 kΩ, 0603, SMD
Resistor, 140 kΩ, 0603, SMD
Resistor, 78.7 kΩ, 0603, SMD
Red testpoint
SMA_CARD_EDGE_RF, end-launch 50 Ω SMA jack
SW_POWER SW_SIP-3P PCB mount SPDT switch
ADF4350 LFCSP-32 PLL
ADP150-TSOT TSOT-5 linear regulator
ADP3334 MSO8 adjustable LDO regulator
CY7C68013-CSP, LFCSP-56_RP, USB microcontroller
24LC64, SO8NB, 64K I2C serial EEPROM
USB mini-B connector (usb-otg)
Black 4 mm banana socket
Red 4 mm banana socket
OSC_TCXO_IT3200C 26 MHz TCXO-IT3200C TCXO
OSC_TCXO-RAKON-TXO200B, 25 MHz, SMD temperature compensated crystal oscillator
XTAL1-CSM-8A, 24.0 MHz, XTAL-CSM-8A, SMD crystal
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NOTES
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NOTES
ESD Caution
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Charged devices and circuit boards can discharge without detection. Although this product features patented or proprietary protection
circuitry, damage may occur on devices subjected to high energy ESD. Therefore, proper ESD precautions should be taken to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.
Legal Terms and Conditions By using the evaluation board discussed herein (together with any tools, components documentation or support materials, the “Evaluation Board”), you are agreeing to be
bound by the terms and conditions set forth below (“Agreement”) unless you have purchased the Evaluation Board, in which case the Analog Devices Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale shall govern. Do not
use the Evaluation Board until you have read and agreed to the Agreement. Your use of the Evaluation Board shall signify your acceptance of the Agreement. This Agreement is made by and between you
(“Customer”) and Analog Devices, Inc. (“ADI”), with its principal place of business at One Technology Way, Norwood, MA 02062, USA. Subject to the terms and conditions of the Agreement, ADI hereby grants to
Customer a free, limited, personal, temporary, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, non-transferable license to use the Evaluation Board FOR EVALUATION PURPOSES ONLY. Customer understands and agrees that
the Evaluation Board is provided for the sole and exclusive purpose referenced above, and agrees not to use the Evaluation Board for any other purpose. Furthermore, the license granted is expressly made
subject to the following additional limitations: Customer shall not (i) rent, lease, display, sell, transfer, assign, sublicense, or distribute the Evaluation Board; and (ii) permit any Third Party to access the Evaluation
Board. As used herein, the term “Third Party” includes any entity other than ADI, Customer, their employees, affiliates and in-house consultants. The Evaluation Board is NOT sold to Customer; all rights not
expressly granted herein, including ownership of the Evaluation Board, are reserved by ADI. CONFIDENTIALITY. This Agreement and the Evaluation Board shall all be considered the confidential and proprietary
information of ADI. Customer may not disclose or transfer any portion of the Evaluation Board to any other party for any reason. Upon discontinuation of use of the Evaluation Board or termination of this
Agreement, Customer agrees to promptly return the Evaluation Board to ADI. ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS. Customer may not disassemble, decompile or reverse engineer chips on the Evaluation Board.
Customer shall inform ADI of any occurred damages or any modifications or alterations it makes to the Evaluation Board, including but not limited to soldering or any other activity that affects the material
content of the Evaluation Board. Modifications to the Evaluation Board must comply with applicable law, including but not limited to the RoHS Directive. TERMINATION. ADI may terminate this Agreement at any
time upon giving written notice to Customer. Customer agrees to return to ADI the Evaluation Board at that time. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. THE EVALUATION BOARD PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS PROVIDED “AS IS”
AND ADI MAKES NO WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO IT. ADI SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY REPRESENTATIONS, ENDORSEMENTS, GUARANTEES, OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, RELATED TO THE EVALUATION BOARD INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, TITLE, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NONINFRINGEMENT OF
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS. IN NO EVENT WILL ADI AND ITS LICENSORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM CUSTOMER’S
POSSESSION OR USE OF THE EVALUATION BOARD, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS, DELAY COSTS, LABOR COSTS OR LOSS OF GOODWILL. ADI’S TOTAL LIABILITY FROM ANY AND ALL CAUSES
SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT OF ONE HUNDRED US DOLLARS ($100.00). EXPORT. Customer agrees that it will not directly or indirectly export the Evaluation Board to another country, and that it will
comply with all applicable United States federal laws and regulations relating to exports. GOVERNING LAW. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the substantive laws of the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts (excluding conflict of law rules). Any legal action regarding this Agreement will be heard in the state or federal courts having jurisdiction in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, and
Customer hereby submits to the personal jurisdiction and venue of such courts. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods shall not apply to this Agreement and is
expressly disclaimed.
©2010 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
UG08907-0-3/10(0)
Rev. 0 | Page 12 of 12
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