Edirol | R1 | Specifications | Edirol R1 Specifications

DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
Sonic Studios™
MIC POWER &
FILTERS
#1
'Plug-in-Power'
Direct Deck
Power
Edirol R-09HR
MOD-4 /R-09
Marantz PMD620 MOD-3
Click to find us on YouTube!!!
There are
3 ways to power DSM™
microphones
#2
#3
Modules & Filters
MIC PREAMP
Power Module TIPS
Microtrack/Zoom H4
TIPS
Filter Advisory
This Page as Adobe Acrobat
Reader PDF DOWNLOAD
BATTERIES
INTRODUCTION:
DSM mic powering is unlike other electret type microphones commonly available
as mono, single point stereo, binaural sets, and phantom powered condenser mics. These
commonly require HIGH voltage, LOW current powering for best performance. DSM -1S/6S
series microphones require UNIQUE LOW voltage, HIGH current condenser
capsule powering.
Please be aware that DSM mics special powering requirement is NOT met using other
mic manufacturer's powering solutions. These are ONLY designed for typical electret
microphones, and NOT compatible for use with DSM microphones.
However, just applying typical (9 volt battery) power of 5-to-10 volts, LOW
current common for electret powering of conventional mics WILL DO NO
HARM to DSM mic sets; it just doesn't work so well.
WARNING: Accidental application of high (12- 48) VOLTS PHANTOM POWERING
WILL DESTROY DSM MICS UNLESS PROTECTED by special circuitry. Special protection
circuitry is found inside PA-10PFC powering adapter, and special passive microphone connector
adapters meant for protecting mics connected to dual 1/4" TRS and XLR balanced inputs featuring 1248 volt Phantom Power.
INTERNAL DECK MOD 2 & 3 & 4
Sometimes deck models allow directly connected DSM 'plug-in-mic' power!
1) The simple and
most direct DSM
powering uses the mic
'Plug-in-Power' *feature normally
found on most Sony/Sharp MD /
Sony DAT, AND Sony PCMD50/M10 / Edirol R1 / R-09 / R09HR / Marantz PMD-620 flash
decks, and some camcorders with
powered minijack mic inputs.
2) Most
decks
with low voltage electret type
mic powering feature (but NOT
12-48 volt 'phantom power') will
operate a DSM mic in 'more or
less' OK fashion.
(but not all)
IN OTHER WORDS:
Nothing beats the
convenience, and other direct
connection benefits of just
plugging the mic into the
deck's mic input jack to
record.
This is the most convenient
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The DSM mic is directly
plugged into the deck's mic MiniStereo input jack for mic signal and
mic power connection with 'plug-inpower' featured recorders.
When the deck's mic
input cannot properly
power the DSM mic,
installation of MOD2/MOD-3/MOD-4*
powering upgrade (for
D100/M1 DAT & R-09/R09HR/PMD-620 models
only), or use of an
appropriate PA adapter
model is suggested.
If deck has noisy
mic preamplifier, and
is being used for
recording acoustic
sources, then suggest
DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
'all-in-one-deck' + DSM mic
portable recording system
Correct, direct DSM powering as purchased stock
EXCEPTIONS are SONY's PCM-D50 and LATEST PCMM10 models. These two flash deck models POWER DSM MICS
PERFECTLY, AND have adequately quiet internal mic preamplifier !!!!
WHAT IS MOD-2 UPGRADE for
Sony DAT Models?:
The upgrade places additional
surface mounted components (SMC)
'in-tandem' with the existing Sony
circuit to boost the mic supply
performance specific to DSM mic
powering. Nothing else is changed
AND Sony has honored (to this date)
all warranty/services agreements
regardless of having this upgrade
installed.
I did have only two occasions
(in 10 years) where there was need to
send Sony the upgrade's technical
details describing the true scope of the
upgrading procedure in response to a
temporary denial of honoring an
extended warranty service contract.
SONY DAT decks are sent here;
48 hour turnaround for MOD-2
service upgrade.
for noise-free results
an external PA-3SX or
PA-24NJ preamp for
both powering the
mic, and improving
the audio
quality/versatility over
common noisy, gainlimited internal deck
preamps.
NOTE: MOD-2 doesn't affect
warranty, serviceability, or shorten
the battery running time by more
than a few minutes.
Typical MOD-2 mic powering battery
drain is LESS THAN 1/150th of the
total deck power.
MOD-2 upgrade is $125 USD for
TCD-D100 & PCM-M1 DAT.
EDIROL R-09/R-09HR & MARANTZ PMD-620 MOD-3/4 DSM POWERING
UPGRADE
R-09 was the first,then PMD-620, and now my current favorite Edirol R09HR flash models are practical for internal mic power circuitry upgrade for direct
'plug-in-mic-powering' of DSM™ mics.
STOCK R-09, R-09HR, PMD-620 are NOT compatible for
working direct connection powering of DSM microphone; TOO much
current is applied causing mic to not operate.
MOD-3/4 internal deck upgrade increases current control so DSM
mic operates simply plugged into the MIC minijack input. Mic power
is then turned on using the deck's menu.
MOD-3/4 is recommended for recording applications needing
simplicity of lowest profile/size of deck+mic two piece recording
gear where internal noise performance of the deck is not an issue.
Having R-09, R-09HR, or PMD-620 upgraded is
suggested for recording moderate low-to-extreme loudness
ambient/effects, and musical sounds. And when the modest noise
performance of deck's internal mic preamplifier is found adequate
for the intended purpose.
MOD Upgrade Service
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DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
R-09/R-09HR: $150 USD + Shipping
R-09 + MOD-3 Upgrade + DSM-6S/EL stereo mic might be
THE most compact, highest quality, and longest running
2-PIECE BLUES/POP/ROCK recording system available.
(if outside USA)
PMD-620: $125 USD + Shipping (if
outside USA)
NOTE: MOD-3 upgrade service ONLY; R-09 deck and DSM mic shown above NOT included
R-09HR MOD-4 DSM POWERING
UPGRADE
$150 USD
INCLUDES USA SHIPPING
While LINE input using external
PA-3SX preamplifier (shown here)
both powers DSM mics, and
removes virtually all noise/audio
quality concerns, there's logistical,
cost advantage to having a simpler
deck+mic 2-piece recording rig.
MOD-4 internal deck
modification allows full
performance DSM mic powering for
having the most compact high
definition recording system
possible.
Usual past mic powering
MOD-1/2/3 did little or nothing in
reducing deck mic input noise
issues if any existed for a particular
deck model.
R-09HR using MOD-4 is different
in also reducing this deck's micpower ON excessive/audible low
frequency noise to be virtually
identical to the mic-power OFF
noise level.
DRILL DEEPER INTO MOD-4 AND CUSTOM GEAR MODIFICATION IN THIS TS THREAD
NOTE: The following few 'blue colored' sections mostly discuss vintage recorders not usually in service these days, but
may be of interest to a few recordists who still own or find these models on the used market..
Edirol R1 solid state recorder (out of production), TCD-D7/D8 DAT deck
models, (and SBM-1 Accessory; ALL out of production) have low current for DSM
powering. However, these models are still OK to directly power a DSM mic in a
consistent manner without external mic powering solutions, but marginal powering
performance of these decks is suggested mostly for lower audio quality requirements.
(NOTE: R1's internal preamplifier is also a bit too noisy for most low loudness 'natural
acoustic' sounds.)
EXCEPTION IS SONY PCM-D50 AND LATEST PCM-M10 as ONLY two STOCK flash
decks to FULLY POWER DSM MICS CORRECTLY.
This is NOT true for TCD-D100/PCM-M1 models (out of production) ALWAYS
requiring MOD-2* upgrade for consistent low distortion recording for ability to use
direct-connected mic powering method. TCD-D100/PCM-M1 mic powering feature is
unique in being way, way 'too low in supply current' for consistent DSM mic powering.
NOTE: Sony SBM-1 Portable Digital Processor DAT accessory & MZR30/37/50/55/90 MiniDisc recording decks mostly DO NOT require MOD-2
as the stock mic powering is a little weak, but good enough for consistent
DSM recording quality. This is NOT true of later Sony MD models often with
too little available mic power for consistent DSM mic performance.
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MOD-2* and
newer MOD3/4 direct mic
powering are
internal deck
upgrades now
only available
for TCDD100 & PCMM1 Sony
DAT, and
Edirol/Roland
R-09/R-09HR,
Marantz PMD620 flash decks.
ALSO, PA-3SX
preamp provides
simple DSM
powering, and most
advanced precision
DSM mic powering is
found in all PA-24 series
of portable mic
preamplifier.
DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
Just plugging-in a DSM mic into 'most' Sony MD/DAT, and Edirol (talking R-1 only) miniportable recorders will allow a DSM "to operate" (like you'll be able to record), but performance
varies from sufficiently OK to NOT OK manner sometimes causing distorted (or indeterminate)
performance at unexpected times if the deck is under-powering the mic set.
While the 1.5-2.5 volts available at the mic jack in Sony decks is fine
for full performance with DSM (but NOT for ordinary electrets that work best with
5-10 volts or higher), the 'direct-from-stock-deck' power issue with DSM series mics is
DSM needs up to 10 times MORE 'current' or amperage than is usual for common
electrets from other manufacturers.
Other recorder models
(like Edirol R-1, Aiwa, and Sony/Canon camera) with mic 'plugin-power' features are again, generally usable, but with the same problems of
indeterminate DSM performance; some work OK, but others are too weak
supplying needed more mic powering current for consistent performance.
Stock Roland/Edirol R-09/R-09HR, and Marantz PMD-620 mic input-jack powering
feature will NOT work for direct DSM mic powering unless MOD-3 or MOD-4 upgrade
is installed.
In other words,
conventional
electret microphone
work best at
HIGHER voltage
NOT found in
portable decks, but
are happy ONLY
with the low current
that is found in
these same decks.
DSM mics
work best
with LOW
voltage found
in 'Plug-inPower' portable
decks, but need
much HIGHER
current than
most electret
type mics; just
the OPPOSITE
of conventional
condenser type
microphones.
KNOWN: Stock (analog cassette) WM-D3/D6C mic power is weak (for powering the DSM mic) while the D7/8 decks
is much better, but NOT (nearly) good enough for full DSM performance.
Sony MZ-R30/37/50/55/90 & SBM-1 powering is OK or mostly good enough ...
The DSM mic powering ability of Sony MD and HiMD portable decks is
unknown, there just too many models to individually acquire for bench testing. I have had
several reports of direct DSM mic powering problems with MZ-R700 and later. Using a
PA adapter solved audible distortion complaints.
I think in general Sony MD
models are not very good for
DSM mic powering or at least greatly
suspect to not being adequate.
ANY SHARP MiniDISC MODEL (with mic input) is the only stock portable deck
(found) that directly powers DSM mics nearly PERFECTLY just 'as supplied stock by
Sharp'.
NOTE: Sharp USA distributed/warranty
MD decks are no longer available.
#2) IN-SERIES PA Mic Powering & Bass Reduction
Filters
'Standard' PA mic power/filter models use 3.5 mm mini-stereo
input jacks that fit 'standard' DSM-1S/6S series mics.
New version PA-10PFC adapter (shown at left) shows upgraded
miniXLR input connection optional (+$50) on all PA adapters
and DSM mic preamplifier models.
Using a simple Bass filter during recording is much preferred to
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DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
The second method of
DSM MIC powering allows
a 'Low Cut' bass reduction
filter.
post graphic equalization during playback as graphic equalizers tend to
reduce the recording quality of the upper frequencies even when control
frequencies are set at zero or 0 DB.
For Example, voice interviews conducted near the rumble of nearby motor traffic
can be made much clearer sounding by using an 85 cycle (or higher) Bass reduction
filter.
A PA model with low cut filter reduces excessive bass sounds for cleaner sounding recording .
A 'Lo-Cut' filter (a.k.a., 'Hi-Pass' filter) controls excessive low frequencies during the
recording process. A benefit depending on the type of sound/music of interest, and may also depend on
low frequency ambient sounds competing with the recorded subject of main interest.
NOTE: Decks with MOD-2/3 upgrade can also be used with any PA-xx module when OCCASIONALLY
REQUIRING effective low frequency reduction controlling feature.
PA-6LC2 .... 85 Cycle Bass Filter .... Switch
Defeatable
The PA-6LC2 is one of the more versatile of the
PA-x DSM external powering accessories for
recording contemporary live Jazz, POP/Rock, and Blues
performances where Ambient and/or PA Speakers produce
occasional excessive/boomy bass making recordings muddy
sounding when played on most moderate powered stereo
systems.
The 85 LoCUT Switch allows full (MAX) bass whenever BASS
reduction is not desired as for acoustic recording.
DESCRIPTION OF BASS REDUCTION MODELS
1) PA-6LC2 with 85 cycle bass filter that can be turned OFF. This model is very good for those who also record
amplified acoustic-to-jazz where no bass filter is needed, and also very good for recording moderate to fairly loud pop/rock
(but not too close to speakers) where 85 cycle bass filter is maybe best to turn ON.
2) PA-6LC3 with low-to-moderate 40-80-120 cycle bass filter switch selections. Good for amplified acousticto-moderately loud pop/rock (but not too close to speakers). Filter is always ON at selected setting.
3) PA-6LC3B adapter is best solution for moderate-to-very loud rock (especially in Japan/Germany) with 85170-250 cycle bass filter switch selections. This model is very needed if recording very near to speakers. Filter is always
turned ON at selected setting.
DSM MIC POWER & BASS FILTER MODELS:
INPUT JACK TYPE
PA-6 standard models have 3.5mm 'Mini-Stereo' mic input jack/Right-Angle molded output plug, but $30-perconnector pro miniXLR option should be considered for most reliable mic connections.
3.5 mm miniXLR-3
BASS
FILTERS
PA-6
Standard DSM MIC power; uses (1) AA alkaline type cell
(ONLY)
$125.- $155.-
PA-6LC
Fixed pop/rock 85Hz bass filter...always on
$150.- $180.-
PA-6LC2
ON/OFF 85Hz bass filter; best for acoustic/standard pop/rock
40/80/120Hz Bass LoCut; for little to moderate excessive
$225.- $255.bass
85/180/250 Cycle LoCut; for moderate to extreme excessive
PA-6LC3B bass
PA-6LC3
PA-10XP
Unbalanced type molded dual right-angle 1/4" TRS output
plugs
PA-10PFC Unbalanced type dual XLR-3 output connectors
PA-
True balanced dual miniXLR-5F input jack; balanced XLR
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$250.- $280.$250.- $280.$650.-
DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
10DXLR5
outputs
PA-13
For DPA-4060;
(2) 9 Volt Lithium; PWR ON LED, 0/20dB Attn,
$750-
Bass LoCut
SPECIFICATIONS CHART
MODEL
PA-6
PA-6LC
PA-6LC2
PA6LC3(B)
COST POWER
(USD) CELL
OUTPUT
PLUG
(Input)
CELL
½LIFE
1 st -3
CORD Hi-Pass
db HiLENGTH Switch?
Pass
$125
$150
1,000 Hr
(1)AA
Alkaline
(or L91
Lithium)
$225
2½ ft
Newer
'Box-type'
PA
adapters
with 8-10"
output
cords
(1)3.5 mm
(1/8")
(or 2000
w/L91)
Mini-
$225
Stereo
PA-6PFC
PA-5PFC
PA-10XP
(2)¼"Mono
(1)AA 2,000 Hr (or
(2)¼" TS
Alkaline
4000
R/A Molded
(or L91)
w/L91)
$250
PA10PFC
HiPass
3rd -3 db
Hi-Pass
9 cycles
NO
85
YES
40(85)
cycles
Min.
Z
Load
Nom.
Z
Load
Comments
10% Tant.
Universal
n/a
n/a
cycles
9 cycles
AC
Coupling
Method
80(180)
cycles
Bassy Rock
filter on/off
120(250)
cycles
.25%
2000
Normal
3-pos.toggle
Ohms
@
Purist Sys.
or
4700
Precision
Matched
6
INCHES
15
cycles
NO
Film
Higher Ohms
n/a
Semi-Pro
For Zoom H4, Microtrack
24/96 Low Profile Dual TRS
1/4" Input
n/a
(2)XLR-3 M
(2)XLR-3 M
PA$650
10DXLR5
(2)AAA
1,000 Hr
PA-9/PFC $450
(2)3.6V
450Hr /max
PA13/PFC
2 d -3 db
$500
(4)6 V /Li
(miniXLR-5F
INPUT)
350Hr /max
1/8" MiniStereo
Pro-Studio
10
INCHES
2½ ft
9 cycles
YES
Professional-Digital Portable
XLR Input Decks
10% Tant
*-15 db 10%Tant.&
9 cycles 45 cycles Atten
/sw. .25% Film
f/DPA-4060
5,000
10,000
f/DSM-13
PA-6LCxx User Mode vs. -3 dB Frequency, & 'Bass-Boom' Reduction Factor
Model
-3dB Hz @ Switch Position
#1
#2
#3
MIC(1)
85
PA-6LC
110
PA-3SX(2)
n/a
65
LINE(3)
B/B (4)
-5 DB
PA-6LC2
PA-6LC3
PA6LC3B
*USER MODE
MIC
8
85
8
110
8
65
none
-5 DB
35
70
100
MIC
55
100
125
PA-3SX
LINE
n/a
PA-3SX
LINE
B/B
20
55
85
-2 DB
-5 DB
-8 DB
B/B
85
170
250
MIC
110
210
275
PA-3SX
65
130
200
LINE
-5 DB
-10 DB
-12 DB
B/B
ADDITIONAL NOTES AND COMMENTS
*USER MODE describes the effects on the -3 db frequency
rolloff point with:
(1) DSM MIC > PA adapter > Deck's MIC input
(2) DSM MIC > PA adapter > PA-3SX preamp input >
Deck's LINE input
(3) DSM MIC > PA adapter > Deck's LINE input (MOST
USEFUL for post-reduction of excessive low frequency bass
sounds on already made recordings)
(4) B/B describes the 'MEGA'-Bass-Boom reducing
factor in Decibels at the most common occurring frequency
range of 50-60 Cycles Only during recording a live event.
PA-6LC3B is a more effective version of the PA-6LC3 for reduction of 'Single
Note Mega-Boom' Bass (like that heard from many Hi-Power Auto-Truck
custom stereo installations) found at heavy metal Rock/Pop music venues.
Newer 'closed-box-type' PA modules now have option of Switchcraft
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DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
unbalanced mini-XLR-3F (single 3-pin).
New model PA-10DXLR5 is only adapter with true balanced
input/output. This adapter uses Switchcraft mini-XLR-5F (dual 5-pin;
shown at left) input jack connection.
PA-10XP Mic Module for Microtrack & Zoom H4
UPDATE 3/18/2007
The MicroTrack & Zoom H4 decks will NOT
directly power DSM™ stereo-surround
microphones.
DSM mic powering requires at least in-series PA6 mic powering into Microtrack's limited gain 1/8" stereo
jack, or PA-10XP into Microtrack or Zoom deck's two 1/4"
TRS inputs.
PA-10XP also protects against accidental MIC damage
from applied phantom power ON/OFF feature of these
model decks. NOTE: Zoom H4 deck has dual balanced XLR mic level only input, BUT unbalanced 1/4" TS jacks are both
mic/line input for this deck.
Advanced DSM mic power is using active PA-24NJ-XP preamplifier model for line level
input to most decks with TRS line level input ability. Also see: MT24/96 and ZOOM H4 deck
reviews
Powering adapters use either 1/8" minijack input of
MT24/96, or modified dual molded output plug into more
versatile dual TRS 1/4" mic/line input.
Dual balanced TRS input seems at least better
for advantage of deck's fullest mic level gain selections not
available on MT24/96 using minijack input.
Using TRS input gives far more versatility for recording of
pure acoustic sounds to very bass-loud music venue range.
See also: MT24/96 DECK REVIEW
PA MODULE INTERNAL BATTERY INSTRUCTIONS
NO need to open! NEW alkaline AA battery is inside and ready to work for 1000 to
2000+ hours or change for new after 2 - 3 years.
Please remember NO On/0ff switch. Suggest unplug DSM mic same day after using,
then battery is off and lasts for very long time.
If you (accidentally) leave DSM mic connected, then change 1 AA alkaline battery
every 2-3 months.
USING PA-6(xxx) FILTER MODELS INTO 3.5 MM MICROTRACK INPUT
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$280 USD (as
shown with
MiniXLR)
DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
Example: For pop/rock amplified venues of various types, suggest (models with bass filter) PA-6LC, 2, 3,
or 3B models powering adapter. These adapters will connect directly to the Microtrack's stereo minijack
input with standard right/angle molded 3.5 mm stereo plug.
However, if desiring multiple gain selection advantage of using Microtrack
24/96 TRS mic inputs, similar (output) modified PA adapters (w/accidental high voltage
'phantom power' protection circuit) are available as +$75 PA-model with dual R/A molded TS
plug option. Those owning standard PA adapters who now wish to use MT24/96 TRS inputs
may purchase $75 minijack-to-dual TRS (protected) cable adapter.
TIPS SECTION
BASS FILTER AT PA-3SX PREAMP OUTPUT
In a message dated 10/6/04 5:06:41 PM Pacific Daylight Time, txxx@tkd.att.ne.jp writes:
(NOTE: 8/2007 edit update allowing more current deck model/accurate filter configuration information)
Hi,
I purchased DSM-6/L, and PA-6LC3B last year. Thank you for at that time.
User-friendliness is good, and sound quality is also clear and is satisfied
very much.
I want to carry out hard disk or flash recording shortly.
So, there is a question about a preamplifier. Although PA-24NJ and PA-3SX
are introduced to the HomePage, is a difference only the existence of a base
cut filter?
Please give me advice.
thanks,
Txxxxi Oxxx
Hello Txxx,
PA-24NJ has over twice the circuit complexity, twice available gain, over 3 octaves
more frequency bandwidth, power on indication, and has a bass filter feature as
compared to simple, lower costing PA-3SX.
However, the PA-3SX is very capable for your purpose with three gain selections,
and ON/OFF power switch control, has identical LOW Battery/CLIP indicator like
with PA-24NJ. PA-3SX also powers the DSM mic, but in less sophisticated way as
compared to precision current source circuit of 24NJ.
See preamplifiers at: http://www.sonicstudios.com/access.htm#micamp
PA-3SX preamplifier with 20/28/36 dB gain selection is very good for using with new
CF and hard disk recorders requiring LINE level input for quality low noise
recording.
IF bass filter is also needed, then first connect DSM mic directly to PA-6LC(+) mic
powering bass filter input, then filter output to PA-3SX preamp input, and then
connect PA-3SX PREAMP OUTPUT plug to deck's line input. This will allow having
full function of PA-6LC3B bass reduction filter working with DSM + PA-6LC3B + PA3SX system. Used in this way, the (1) AA battery inside the PA-6LC3B filter
module is powering the DSM mic continually until unplugged from the filter module.
So remember to unplug mic when not using it as there is no mic power ON/OFF
switch like on the the PA-3SX preamplifier.
Please be aware that there is still going to be a change in filter
frequency from what is shown on PA-6LC3B switch label. Refer to the
CHART showing new filter frequency settings with PA-3SX preamplifier
This is because MIC input impedance of PA-3SX preamplifier is lower than usual
for most deck MIC inputs, but is also very close to using Edirol/Roland R-09 stock
deck with MIC POWER TURNED ON in the menu; see 'alternate configuration'
below.
ALTERNATE R-09 CONFIGURATION: With PA filter adapter output connected
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Both modified PA model,
or separate minijack-toTRS plug protected cable
adapter have low profile
molded TRS 1/4" plugs
(above photo).
DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
directly to R-09 MIC input (no PA-3SX preamp); turning OFF R-09 mic power
decreases input loading, so PA filter does not reduce bass as much, meaning filter
frequency (cycles/Hz) is now lower than shown on PA filter label. So with R-09 mic
power off, you might want to use next higher filter setting as filters are now less
aggressive to reduce bass sounds. Suggest best way to use PA filter directly into
R-09 deck mic input jack is with R-09 mic power ON so bass filter works better to
reduce bass. And filter frequency is nearly same as is shown with PA-3SX preamp
input connection.
In other words, you can use PA bass filter connected directly DSM
mic and then filter output to PA-3SX preamplifier and get good LINE
level for recorder, and also you can connect your PA-6LC3B directly to MIC
input on deck (with/without mic power turned on) to get desired excessive bass
reduction function while recording.
Please let me know when ready to order. Cost of PA-3SX with EMS shipping is
$475.00USD.
Send prepayment as before.
See payment/ship for outside USA at: http://www.sonicstudios.com/ordering.htm
Best Regards in Sound & Music Recording,
Leonard (& Debbie) Lombardo, Owners
OLDER MODEL PA ADAPTER TIP
IN-SERIES PA adapter modules are for powering DSM mics; some have low-cut bass filters
The 3.5 mm input Jack should be kept from
disconnection or movement by using one of the
two moveable cord securing straps as illustrated in
the two photos.
NOTE: Newer PA-6LC2 and other 'newer box'
type PA adapters have short 8-10 inch length
output cords, and are not supplied with cord
securing straps.
BASS FILTER ADVISORY
It seems that "a bit too much that bass filtering" is an easy thing to do when all you got to do is
slide a switch and viola! ........ there's now less bass in the recording. Microphone BASS Filtering can be a good
thing to even up the overall "tone" balance of a recording AND it also gives more analog input or recording
"headroom" that helps to enhance the overall resolution of higher frequencies.
In other words, you can turn up the REC level a lot more FOR MIDS AND HIGHS because the
strongest (bass) sound component is now at a much lower deck input level.
Sometimes it's not that you can do it (reduce the bass content with a filter), but it's really about
knowing WHEN and WHEN NOT and HOW MUCH TO reduce bass sounds. If the sound is SO loud
that your hearing gets distorted OR if you are prudent in saving your ears with wearing earplugs (especially when
right-up close to the stacks), you MAY NOT be HEARING the overall tonal balance of the venue WELL ENOUGH
TO MAKING the most appropriate bass filter selection.
Too many recordings I've lately heard seem to error on WAY TOO
MUCH BASS FILTERING as to lose most sense of the real "GUT and emotional
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DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
FEELing" of the music; this is big part of the live sound that I personally find important.
However, very "thin sounding recordings" are MORE OFTEN caused by POST BASS
Filtering in a digital sound editing (DAW) program than by the use of real-time
microphone filtering, but both mechanisms can do equal damage or benefit to a
recording DEPENDING.
That's 'Depending' on your own taste in sound preferences and 'depending' on
what's the most important aspects of a particular music style. For example; Maybe
some Metal Rock styles are most cherished by the majority of their fans for that
'screaming in-you-face' guitar/vocals style that is impossible to hear from being buried
in massive bass sounds if played 'straight' on home stereos. Lose most of the bass by
filtering and you'll get the "in-your-face" guitar/vocal aspect much easier with regular
good quality consumer playback gear. The only problem is it's a bit on the thin sound
side of live, but the more important aspects of the music is most accessible to fans.
QUESTION: Would you THINK to strip the 'Gut Thumping Bass' sound out of REGGAE music?
Well, of course you could, either during the recording with a mic filter OR afterwards with POST in pure
digital editing.
But, before you do it, please try to remember that a big part of Reggae and African music IS THE
POWERFUL BASS Sounds.
Of Course THERE ARE TIMES when you really NEED OR SHOULD
(and maybe ONLY SLIGHTLY) reduce the Bass to achieve a better
balance between a 'live sound' feel and what's going to work with most
speaker playback systems we have at home or automobile.
Just be careful to not take away too much low frequency sound that the "ambient or live feel" of the
recording is inaccessible by a thin and over processed sounding recording.
Microphone TIP:
Use deck ONLY in 20 dB (LOW sensitivity) mic input setting. Adjust using only full Manual
record level adjust (no limiter) for VU levels to average at -12 dB VU; momentary bass peaks
recorded only to -4 dB VU maximum level. This is for getting cleanest sounding recording.
See tips page for more
PA adapter battery:
Use new AA alkaline (only this type) battery inside (PA + battery shipped ready to use). When
replacing PA battery, make sure + terminal polarity is correct as shown. You DO NOT need to
remove battery when not using. Unplugging mic from PA input jack turns OFF the battery
power, but do not plug anything (like PA output plug into input PA jack) when not using. AA
battery will last over 2000 hours in use and up to 2 years when placed in storage or when
nothing is plugged into the PA input jack.
BASS Reduction TIP:
Amount of Bass reduction (choice of filter frequency setting on PA adapter) will depend on the
venue live sound, and also where you are sitting or positioned when recording. If you find the
recording has too little bass sound, then remember where filter switch was set and adjust for
less reduction next time in similar sounding live venue situation.
Recordings with too little bass (where bass was reduced by filter too much or deemphasized to sound too thin) can be fully restored using opposite 6 dB per octave
'emphasis' starting at the filter frequency used when making the recording; less
than 6 dB/octave bass emphasis is suggested when full bass restoration is too
much bass for balanced sound and for practical playback with normal speaker
systems.
There is no liability for recording quality if emphasis is done expertly, recordings
actually sound better when computer editing emphasis process is needed and then
applied properly.
This is because less bass recorded (reduced by bass filtering) means general
recording level can be increased (level knob turned up several notches when
making the live recording) so mid-to-high frequency audio details are digitized
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DSM HRTF Mic Power & Bass Filter Page
(digital conversion process in the deck) with greater accuracy (more audio detail).
In other words, you can restore bass sound reduced by bass filter during the live recording
(to personal taste) using careful digital editing software. This will allow the edited recording to
sound better (full sounding bass) and tonally balanced when played back on home speakers.
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