EVAL-AD7715-5EB: Evaluation Board for 16-Bit Sigma Delta ADC PDF

EVAL-AD7715-5EB: Evaluation Board for 16-Bit Sigma Delta ADC PDF
Evaluation Board for
16-Bit Sigma Delta ADC
EVAL-AD7715-5EB
a
FEATURES
OPERATING THE AD7715-5 EVALUATION BOARD
Operates from a Single +5V Supply
Power Supplies
On-Board Reference and Digital Buffers
Various Linking Options
Direct Hook-Up to Printer Port of PC
PC Software for Control and Data Analysis
INTRODUCTION
This Application Note describes the evaluation board for the
AD7715-5, 16-Bit signal conditioning ADC. The AD7715 is a
complete analog front end for low-frequency applications
providing a fully-differential input channel. The device accepts
low-level signals directly from a transducer and outputs a serial
digital word. It employs a sigma delta technique to realize up to
16 bits of no missing codes performance. Full data on the
AD7715-5 is available in the AD7715 data sheet available from
Analog Devices and should be consulted in conjunction with
this Application Note when using the Evaluation Board.
Included on the evaluation board, along with the AD7715-5, are
an AD780, a +2.5 V ultra high precision bandgap reference, a
2.4576MHz crystal and digital buffers to buffer signals to and
from the edge connectors.
Interfacing to this board is provided either through a 36-Way
Centronics Connector or through a 9-way D-type connector.
External sockets are provided for the analog inputs, an external
reference input option and an external master clock option.
The evaluation board has four power supply input pins: AVDD ,
AGND, DVDD and DGND. The AD7715-5 is specified with an
AVDD of +5V. Therefore, the AVDD voltage supplied to the
board must be +5V. This AVDD voltage is also used to power the
AD780 reference. The AD7715-5 can be operated from a +5V
or +3V DVDD voltage. When using the 9-way D-type connector
to interface to the evaluation board it is possible to apply a
DVDD voltage of either +3V or +5V to the DVDD input terminal
on the board. However, when using the 36-way Centronics
connector to interface to the board, the voltage applied to the
DVDD input terminal must be +5V. This is because the
Centronics connector is intended for connection to the printer
port of a PC with signals driven from +5V supplies. To run the
board from a single +5V supply, simply connect the AVDD and
DVDD inputs together.
Both AGND and DGND inputs are provided on the board.
AGND connects to the AD7715-5 AGND pin and also connects to the GND pin of the AD780. DGND connects to the
DGND pin of the AD7715 and to the GND of the digital chips
on the board. The AGND and DGND planes are connected at
the AD7715. Therefore, it is recommended not to connect
AGND and DGND elsewhere in the system to avoid ground
loop problems. When using a single supply for both AVDD and
DVDD, only one ground connection should be made to the
board. This connection should be made to the board's AGND
input terminal.
Both supplies are decoupled to their respective ground plane
with 10µF tantalum and 0.1µF ceramic disc capacitors.
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
AVDD
AGND
DVDD
DGND
9-WAY D-TYPE CONNECTOR
AIN(+)
AD7715
ADC
AIN(-)
BUFFERS
36-WAY
CENTRONICS
CONNECTOR
AD780
REFERENCE
REF IN
MCLK IN
REV. A
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its
use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties
which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or
otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood. MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 617/329-4700
Fax: 617/326-8703
EVAL-AD7715-5EB
Link Options
There are a number of link options on the evaluation board which should be set for the required operating setup before using the
board. The functions of these link options are described in detail below.
Link No.
Function
LK1
This option selects the master clock option for the AD7715. The master clock source comes from the on-board
crystal or from an external clock source via SKT7. This is a double link and both links must be moved together for
correct operation.
With both links in position A, the external clock option is selected and an externally applied clock to SKT 7 is routed
the MCLK IN pin of the AD7715.
With both links in position B, the on-board crystal is selected and provides the master clock for the AD7715.
LK2
This link option is used to select the reference source for the AD7715's REF IN(-) input.
With this link in position A, the REF IN(-) pin of the AD7715 is connected directly to AGND.
With this link in position B, the REF IN(-) pin of the AD7715 is connected to SKT5. An external voltage connected
to SKT5 can now be used for REF IN(-).
LK3
This link option is used to select the reference source for the AD7715's REF IN(+) input.
With this link in position A, the REF IN (+) pin of the AD7715 is connected directly to the output of the on-board
reference, the AD780.
With this link in position B, the REF IN(+) pin of the AD7715 is connected to SKT6. An external voltage connected
to SKT 6 can now be used for REF IN(+).
LK4
This link option is set depending on the type of reference being used on the evaluation board. Although the board is
equipped with an AD780, a REF-192 +2.5V reference can replace it in the same socket. When a REF-192 reference
is used on the board, the link should be in either position A or position B. In position A, the REF-192's shutdown pin
is connected to DVDD, placing the REF-192 in normal mode of operation. In position B, the REF-192's shutdown pin
is connected to DGND, placing the REF-192 in power down mode.
When the AD780 reference is used, the link should be in position C as the AD780 does not have a shutdown pin.
LK5
This link is in series with the AIN (+) analog input.
With this link in place, the analog input on the SKT3 input is connected directly to the AIN(+) input on the part.
This link may be removed so that the input signal at SKT3 can be connected to the component grid for signal
conditioning before being applied to the AIN(+) input of the AD7715.
LK6
This link is in series with the AIN (-) analog input.
With this link in place, the analog input on the SKT4 input is connected directly to the AIN(-) input on the part.
This link may be removed so that the input signal at SKT4 can be connected to the component grid for signal
conditioning before being applied to the AIN(-) input of the AD7715.
–2–
REV. A
EVAL-AD7715-5EB
Setup Conditions
Table I shows the position in which all the links are set when the
evaluation board is sent out.
1
Table I. Initial Link Positions
Link No.
Position Function.
LK1
B
LK2
LK3
A
A
REF IN(+) connected to the output of
the on-board AD780 reference.
LK4
C
Selects AD780 as the voltage reference.
LK5
IN
Connects input signal from SKT3
directly to the AIN(+) pin of the
AD7715.
LK6
IN
6
Both links in position B to select the
on-board crystal oscillator as the master
clock for the board.
REF IN(-) connected directly to
AGND.
Connects input signal from SKT4
directly to the AIN(-) pin of the
AD7715.
SKT2 is used to connect the evaluation board to the printer
port (parallel port) of a PC. Connection between the two is
direct via a standard parallel printer port cable. SKT1 is used to
connect the evaluation board to any other system.
REV. A
3
7
4
8
5
9
Figure 2. SKT1 Pin Configuration
Table II. SKT1 Pin Designations1
1
SCLK
Serial Clock. The signal on this pin is buffered
before being applied to the SCLK pin of the
AD7715.
2
DRDY
Logic Output. This is a buffered version of the
signal on the AD7715's DRDY pin.
3
CS
Chip Select. The signal on this pin is buffered
before being applied to the CS pin of the
AD7715.
4
RESET
Reset Input. The signal on this pin is buffered
before being applied to the RESET pin of the
AD7715.
5
DIN
Serial Data Input. Data applied to this pin is
buffered before being applied to the AD7715's
DIN pin.
6
DGND
Ground reference point for digital circuitry.
Connects to the DGND plane on the evaluation
board.
7
DOUT
Serial Data Output. This is a buffered version of
the signal on the AD7715's DOUT pin.
8
DVDD
Digital Supply Voltage. The DVDD voltage for
the evaluation board can be supplied via this pin
provided no voltage is applied to the main DVDD
terminal.
9
NC
No Connect. This pin is not connected on the
evaluation board.
EVALUATION BOARD INTERFACING
Interfacing to the evaluation board is either via a 9-way D-Type
connector, SKT1, or a 36-way Centronics connector, SKT2.
The pinout for the SKT1 connector is given in Figure 1 and its
corresponding pin designations are given in Table II. The
pinout for this SKT2 connector is shown in Figure 2 and its pin
designations are given in Table III. The evaluation board should
be powered up before a cable is connected to either of the
connectors.
2
NOTE
1
An explanation of the AD7715 functions mentioned here is given in Table III as
part of the SKT2 pin designations description.
–3–
EVAL-AD7715-5EB
18
1
36
19
Figure 3. SKT2 Pin Configuration
Table III. SKT2 Pin Designations
1
NC
No Connect. This pin is not connected on the evaluation board.
2
DIN
Serial Data Input. Data applied to this pin is buffered before being applied to the AD7715's DIN pin. The
serial data applied to the DIN pin is written to the input shift register on the part. Data from this input shift
register is transferred to the communications register or setup register depending on the register selection
bits of the Communications Register.
3
RESET
Reset Input. The signal on this pin is buffered before being applied to the RESET pin of the AD7715.
RESET is an active low input which resets the control logic, interface logic, calibration coefficients, digital
filter and analog modulator of the part to power-on status.
4
CS
Chip Select. The signal on this pin is buffered before being applied to the CS pin of the AD7715. CS is an
active low logic input used to select the AD7715. With this input hard-wired low, the AD7715 operates in its
three-wire interface mode with SCLK, DIN and DOUT used to interface to the device. CS can be used to
select the device in systems with more than one device on the serial bus or as a frame synchronisation signal
in communicating with the AD7715.
5
SCLK
Serial Clock. The signal on this pin is buffered before being applied to the SCLK pin of the AD7715. An
external serial clock is applied to this input to access serial data from the AD7715. This serial clock can be a
continuous clock with all data transmitted in a continuous train of pulses. Alternatively, it can be a non-continuous clock with the information being transmitted to the AD7715 in smaller batches of data.
6-8
NC
No Connect. These pins are not connected on the evaluation board.
9
DVDD
Digital Supply Voltage. This provides the supply voltage for IC4, the buffer chip which buffers the output
signals from the AD7715 before they are applied to SKT2.
10
DRDY
Logic output. This is a buffered version of the signal on the AD7715's DRDY pin. A logic low on the DRDY
output indicates that a new output word is available from the AD7715 data register. The DRDY pin will
return high upon completion of a read operation of a full output word. If no data read has taken place, after
an output update, the DRDY line will return high for 500* tCLK IN cycles prior to the next output update.
This gives an indication of when a read operation should not be attempted to avoid reading from the data
register as it is being updated. DRDY is also used to indicate when the AD7715 has completed its on-chip
calibration sequence.
11-12
NC
No Connect. These pins are not connected on the evaluation board.
13
DOUT
Serial Data Output. This is a buffered version of the signal on the AD7715's DOUT pin. Serial data from
the output shift register on the part is clocked out on this pin. This output shift register can contain information from the communications register, setup register or data register depending on the register selection bits
of the Communications Register.
14-18
NC
No Connect. These pins are not connected on the evaluation board.
19-30
DGND
Ground reference point for digital circuitry. Connects to the DGND plane on the evaluation board.
31-36
NC
No Connect. These pins are not connected on the evaluation board.
–4–
REV. A
EVAL-AD7715-5EB
SOCKETS
RUNNING THE AD7715 INTERFACE SOFTWARE
There are seven sockets on the AD7715-5 evaluation board.
The function of these sockets is outlined in Table IV.
Included in the evaluation board package is a PC-compatible
disk which contains software for controlling and evaluating the
performance of the AD7715 using the printer port of a PC.
There are a total of thirteen files on the distribution disk.
Table IV. Socket Functions
Socket
Function
SKT1
9-Way D-Type Connector which can be used for
digital interfacing to the evaluation board.
SKT2
36-Way Centronics Connector which can be used
for digital interfacing to the evaluation board. This
connector should be used when connecting the
board to the parallel printer port of the PC to use
the evaluation software.
SKT3
Sub-Minature BNC Connector. The analog input
signal for the AIN(+) input of the AD7715 is
applied to this socket.
SKT4
Sub-Minature BNC Connector. The analog input
signal for the AIN(-) input of the AD7715 is
applied to this socket.
SKT5
Sub-Minature BNC Connector. The reference
voltage for the REF IN(-) input of the AD7715 is
applied to this socket when the board is configured
for an externally-applied reference voltage.
SKT6
Sub-Minature BNC Connector. The reference
voltage for the REF IN(+) input of the AD7715 is
applied to this socket when the board is configured
for an externally-applied reference voltage.
SKT7
Sub-Minature BNC Connector. The master clock
signal for the MCLK IN input of the AD7715 is
applied to this socket when the board is configured
for an externally-applied master clock.
REV. A
To use the software, the user must have an IBM-compatible PC
and Windows 3.1 must be installed. Start Windows and, using
either the RUN command or the file manager, start the program
called SETUP.EXE on the distribution disk. This automatically
installs the application and sets up a window called ANALOG
DEVICES. The application ICON is found here. To start the
application, double click on the ICON.
When the program stsrts, the user is asked to select a printer
port. The correct selection depends on what type of computer is
being used (Desktop, Laptop etc). LPT1 works for most
machines. When using a Compaq laptop, select PRN. A
different port can be selected at any time from the MAIN
MENU.
The evaluation software does not allow another application
running under Windows to access the printer port while it is
running. Control of the printer port is returned when the
application is quit.
–5–
EVAL-AD7715-5EB
5V
36 PIN CENTRONICS CONNECTOR
D7
9
D1
D0
2
DIN
HP 5082- 2810
CS
RESET
SKT 2
ACK SLCT
GND
10
13
19 - 30
DRDY DOUT DGND
D3
5
D2
4
D1
3
SCLK
DV
DD
R5 10kΩ
R6 10kΩ
74LS244
IC5
11
8
4
6
19
20
10
1
C11
0.1µF
9
12
14
16
8
D2
HP 5082- 2810
DV
DD
6 DGND
3
14
R4 3.3kΩ
11
4
1
11
13
DOUT
C9
0.1µF
12
2
13
1
12
7
IC4
74LS08
3
2
3
10
9
14
15
2
7
1
4
DOUT
CS
SKT1
CS
5 RESET
SW 1
RESET
7
0.1µF
C10
DIN
14
DRDY
12
SCLK
6
1
IC3
74HC4050
5
DIN
DRDY
SCLK
8
16 DGND
DGND
11 AGND
AGND
B
LK 5
MCLK IN
7
SKT3
R1
LK1
AIN(+)
C7
SKT7
IC1
AD7715
LK 6
R3
B
8
SKT4
R2
A
2
A
AIN (-)
C8
MCLK OUT
C13
C14
3
XTAL1
LK2
A
REF IN(-)
AVDD
DV
DD
6
C5
10µF
C6
0.1µF
C3
10µF
C4
0.1µF
AV
B
10
SKT5
DD
15 DV
10
DD
LK3
A
REF IN(+)
B
9
C12
0.1µF
SKT6
6
3
C
LK4
B
DV
DD
IC2
AD780/
REF-192
4
AV
DD
2
C1
10µF
C2
0.1µF
A
Figure 3. AD7715-5 Evaluation Board Circuit Diagram
–6–
REV. A
EVAL-AD7715-5EB
COMPONENT LISTING AND MANUFACTURERS
Intergrated Circuits
Component
Location
Vendor
AD7715
IC1
Analog Devices
AD780
IC2
Analog Devices
74HC4050
IC3
Philips
74LS08
IC4
Texas Instruments
74LS244
IC5
Texas Instruments
HP 5082-2810
D1 & D2
Hewlett Packard
Component
Location
Vendor
10µF ± 20% Tantalum (16 V)
C1, C3, C5
AVX- Kyocera
Mftrs No TAG106MO16
0.1µF Ceramic(X7R ± 20%)
C2, C4, C6, C9,
C10, C11
Philips
Mftrs No. CW20C 104M
33pF ± 2% Ceramic
C13, C14
Philips
Mftrs No. 683 34339
Open Circuit
C7, C8,
Capacitors
Resistors
Component
Location
Vendor
10kΩ ± 5% 0.25W
Carbon Film Resistor
R5, R6
Bourns
3.3kΩ ± 5% 0.25W
Carbon Film Resistor
R4
Bourns
1MΩ±5% 0.25W
Carbon Film Resistor
R3
Bourns
Short Circuits
R1, R2
Link Options
Component
Location
Vendor
Pin Headers
Lk1 (4x2 way)
Harwin
Lk2, Lk3
( 2x2 way)
Mftrs No. M20-9993606
Lk4
(3x2 way)
Lk5, Lk16
(1x2 way)
Shorting Plugs
REV. A
Pin Headers
(7 required)
Harwin
Mftrs No. M7571-05
–7–
EVAL-AD7715-5EB
Switch
Component
Location
Vendor
Push Button Switch
SW1
Omron
Mftrs No. B3F1000
Component
Location
Vendor
Miniature BNC Connectors
SKT3 - SKT 7
M/A - Com Greenpar
Mftrs No. C65N07G999X99
9-Way D-Type Connector
SKT1
McMurdo
Mftrs No. SDE9PNTD
36 Way Centronics Connector
SKT 2
Fujitsu
Mftrs No. FCN785J036G0
Sockets
16-Pin IC Socket
IC1
Harwin
8 Pin IC Socket
IC2
Mftrs No. D28xx-01
16-Pin IC Socket
IC3
xx = No. of Pins
14- Pin IC Socket
IC4
20-Pin IC Socket
IC5
Wire Wrap Pins
DGND, AGND, AVDD,
DVDD
Bicc Vero
Mftrs No. 663472C
Component Identification
Location
Vendor
2.4576MHz Oscillator
Xtal 1
IQD
Mftrs No. A166C
Crystal Oscillator
–8–
REV. A
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