EE-21: AD1847/ADSP-2181 Daisy Chain Tips & Tricks PDF

EE-21: AD1847/ADSP-2181 Daisy Chain Tips & Tricks PDF
Engineer To Engineer Note
EE-21
Notes on using Analog Devices’ DSP, audio, & video components from the Computer Products Division
Phone: (800) ANALOG-D or (781) 461-3881, FAX: (781) 461-3010, EMAIL: [email protected]
AD1847/ADSP-2181 Daisy Chain
Tips & Tricks
rate and crystal selects on different frames with MCE
asserted and then release both MCE's on the same frame?
Last Modified: 6/20/94
You could try changing the master codec clock and sample
rate register before the slave's. This could cause you to
get bogus data for the first few frames, but may run more
predictably.
Overview
This Engineer’s Note will focus on questions that may
arise when interfacing multiple AD1847s to an ADSP21xx device while operating in ‘1-wire’ mode.
Specifically, tips for proper sequence for changing the
crystal input ‘on the fly’ will be presented.
Problem Description
I am interfacing a 2181 with two AD1847 SoundPort
Codecs. The 1847s are daisy chained with one master and
one slave. The 1847s are operated in 1 wire mode and is
interfaced to SPORT0 (of the 2181) is in multi-channel
mode. The serial communication always will stay in 1
wire mode. The code I am developing initializes the slave
first (via the appropriate time slots) while leaving the
master in the default state after reset. It then initializes
the master.
After everything is done an analog loopback test is
conducted on the slave to verify proper functionality.
However, the analog loopback test is failing
approximately 1 in 8 times. Our analog loopback test
consists to writing a near full scale positive value out and
verifying that a large value returns. The large value
comparison reference is no where near full scale to allow
for subtle gain differences. Part of the initialization
involves changing the XTAL reference and sample rate to
44.1. The data sheet states that such changes should occur
simultaneously with the master but if not possible the
slave should be changed first. This makes me a little
suspicious of changing the slave first. Can you shed
some light on the following:
Can the slave xtal and sample rate change
before the master?
What is the effect of changing the slave
sample rate to 44.1 XTAL2 when the master is
still providing a XTAL1 clock to the slave?
Changing slave sample rate and crystal selection before
master could be the cause of your random failures. Is it
possible to change the both at the same time? The change
doesn't really take place until the MCE bit in the control
register is released. Is it possible to change the sample
Why does the master provide a 12.288 MHz
clock on the clockout pin when it is in
XTAL1 mode? Does this prevent the slave
from operating at 48KHz? Remember, the
master uses the 2x12.288 XTAL1 frequency at
48 Khz.
The slave can be run at 48 kHz. The short answer is, the
master codec divides the XTAL1 input by 2 before using
it (12.288mhz). Slave codecs use the XTAL2 input only
and do not do a divide by two before using it and only
need the 12.288 MHz clock. Table below tries to explain
this.
MASTER CODEC:
mode input pin input clock clock gen ops internal compute clock
XTAL1
XTAL2
XTAL1 24.576
XTAL2 16.9344
/2
/1
*2
*1.5
24.576 MHz
25.4016 MHz
SLAVE CODEC:
mode input pin input clock clock gen ops internal compute clock
XTAL1
XTAL2 12.288
/1
*2
24.576 MHz
XTAL2
XTAL2 16.9344 /1
*1.5
25.4016 MHz
After the XTAL is changed there is a small
time window before the INIT pin goes high.
Can this window be used to send an additional
config command to the 1847?
We would not recommend that. If you are changing the
configuration, you should put the part into MCE.
Change everything that needs to be changed. Change the
sample rate and crystal selects and then release MCE.
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